Group Title: Journal of the Florida House of Representatives.
Title: Journal of proceedings of the House of Representatives of the Legislature of the State of Florida
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 Material Information
Title: Journal of proceedings of the House of Representatives of the Legislature of the State of Florida
Physical Description: v. : ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Legislature. -- House of Representatives
Publisher: Florida
s.n.
Place of Publication: S.l
Manufacturer: Tallahassee Book and Job Office.
Publication Date: April-June 1897
Copyright Date: 1895
 Subjects
Subject: Legislative journals -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
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Additional Physical Form: Electronic reproduction of copy from George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida also available.
General Note: Description based on: 1899.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00027835
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 12901230
alephbibnum - 003417934
electronic_aleph - 003317859
electronic_oclc - 60746567
lccn - sn 85065607
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Preceded by: Journal of the proceedings of the House of Representatives of the ... session of the Legislature of the State of Florida
Succeeded by: Journal of the House of Representatives of the session of ...

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JOURNAL OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE


HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

OF THE


LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA,


REGULAR SESSION, 1897.




D. H. MAYS, Speaker.
W. F. BYNUM, Chief Clerk.













TALLAHASSEE, FLA.:
W. N. SHINE, STATE PRINTER.
1897.






Fi~~

4iviT '

















JOURNAL

OF THE


HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Of the Sixth Regular Session of the Legislature begun and
held at the Capitol, in the city of Tallahassee, in the State
of Florida, on Tuesday, the Sixth day of April, A. D. 1897,
being the day fixed by the Constitution of the State of
Florida, for the meeting of the Legislature.

TUESDAY, APRIL 6, 1897.

The House of Representatives was called to order by Dr.
Win. Forsyth Bynum, of Fort White, Columbia county, Florida,
the former Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives, at
12 o'clock M.
The certified list of the Secretary of State of members
elected to the present Legislature was called and the follow-
ing members answered to their names:
Ayer, Alfred, Marion county.
Baggett, M. O., Escambia county.
Baker, D. H., Sumter county.
Ballentine, W. D., Nassau county.
Bates, Mortimer, Gadsden county.
Bethel, W. W., Monroe county.
Blanton, J. E., Madison county.
Bunch, J. J., Columbia county.
Canty, T. R., Gadsden county.
Carlisle, J. A., Alachua county.
Carter, David, St. Johns county.
Chaires, B. C., Leon county.
Christie, F. T., Leon county.
Cobb, F. H., Jr., Santa Rosa county.
Cox, J. A., Polk county.
Crumpton, H. A. H., Levy county.



15 2 j













Dees, W. T., Lafayette county.
Dupree, S. D., Columbia county.
Dyal, B. G., Nassau county.
Ellis, J. G., Santa Rosa county.
Frisbee, B. M., Clay county.
Fielding, J. T., Suwannee county.
Fulton, W. A., Hornando county.
Hlardee, R. A., Brevard county.
Harris, W. Hunt, Monroe county.
Hendry, F. A., Lee county.
Hendry, J. M., Taylor county.
Hyer, W. K., Sr., Escambia county.
Lamar, J. M., Jefferson county.
Lewis, H. I., Jackson county.
Linton, M. W., Madison county.
M.iy-, D. H., Jefferson county.
McCall, T. F., Hillsborough county.
McCreary, -1. H., Alachua county.
iMobley, W. H., Suwannee county.
Morgan, .. L., Hamilton county.
Morgan, B. E., Putnam county.
Owen, J. M., Jr., Lake county.
Pelot, J. C., Manatee county.
Pedrick, J. H., Pasco county.
Pope, Frank W., Duval county.
Potter, R. B., Dade county.
Rawles, Junius, Jackson county.
Register, J. W., Hamilton county.
Rice, S. E., Franklin county.
Richborg, J. H., Walton county.
Robertson, S. M., Washington county.
Rouse, W. C., Wakulla county.
Shepard, Bowen, Liberty county.
Shepherd, S. P., Orange county.
Sloan, M. H.. Lake county.
Spencer, Thomas, Calhoun county.
Stanford, O. T., DeSoto county.
Stockton, J. N. C., Duval county.
Street, A. W., Volusia county.
Thayer, W. S., Volusia county.
Turner, W. S., Citrus county.
Wall, L. D., Bradford.county.
Wall, J. P., Putnam county.
Ward, E. P., Bradford county.
Wat-on. J. W., Osceola county.
Whitner, B. F., Orange county.













Williams, R. E., Holmes county.
"Wilson, E. A., St. Johns county.
Wolff, F. A., Polk county.
Young, J. L., Hillsborough county.
Zewadski, W. K., Marion county.
STATE OF FLORIDA), S
OFFICE SECRETARY OF STATE S
I, John L. Crawford, Secretary of the State of Florida, do
hereby certify that the above and foregoing is a correct list of
the Members of the House of Representatives of the State
of Florida, as shown by the election returns on file in this
office.
Given under my hand and the Great Seal of the State of
[.L. L.] Florida, at Tallahassee, the Capital, this the 6th day of
April, A. D. 1897.
JonH L. CRAWFORD,
Secretary of State.
The following members came forward and took the oath of
office prescribed by the Constitution of the State of Florida,
before his Honor, Associate Justice M. H. Mabry, of the Su-
preme C( urt of the State of Florida.
Messrs. Ayer, Baggett, Baker, Ballentine, Bethel, Blanton,
Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Carter, Chaires, Christie, Cobb,' Cox,
Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Dyal, Ellis, Frisbee, Fielding, Ful-
ton, Hardee, Harris, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor, Hyer,
Lamar, Lewis, Linton, Mays, McCall, McCreary, Mobley, Mor-
gan of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick,
Pope, Pot'er, Rawls, Register, Richborg, Robertson, Rouse,
Shepard of Liberty, Shepherd of Orange, Sloan, Spencer, Stan-
ford, Stockton, Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall ot Bradford,
Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Williams, Wilson,
Wolff, Young and Zewadski-65.
The Chief Clerk announced a quorum present.
Mr. Christie, of Leon, moved that Mr. B. F. Whitner, of
Orange, be elected temporary chairman;
Which was agreed to.
The Chief Clerk appointed Messrs. Christie, of Leon, Pope,
of Duval, and Stanford, of DeSoto, a committee to conduct
Mr. Whitner Temporary Chairman-Elect to the chair.
On motion of Mr. Christie, of Leon, Dr. Win. Forsyth By-
num, of Columbia, was elected Temporary Clerk.
On motion of Mr. Christie, the House proceeded to the per-
manent organization of the House.
Dr. J. C. Pelot, of Manatee, nominated Mr. D. H. Mays,
of Jefferson, for Speaker.



;>










4



Upon a call ot the roll the vote was-
For D. H. Mays,
Messrs. Ayer, Baggett, Baker, Ballentine, Bethel,
Blanton, Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Chaires, Christie,
Cobb, Cox, Crnmpton, Dees, Dupree, Dyal, Ellis, Frisbee,
Fulton, Hardee, Harris, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor,
Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCall, McCreary, Mobley, Mor-
gan of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick,
Pope, Rawls, Register, Richborg, Robertson, Rouse, Shepard
of Liberty, Shepherd of Orange, Sloan, Stanford, Stockton,
Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of Putnam,
Ward, Watson, Whitner, Williams, Wilaon, Wolff, Young
and Zewadski-60.
The Chair announced the election of Mr. Mays as perma-
nent Speaker.
The Chairman appointed Messrs. Carlisle, of Alachua,
Harris, of Monroe and Hardee, of Brevard, a committee to
conduct the Speaker-elect to the chair.
The Speaker-elect upon being conducted to the chair, in a
few appropriate remarks extended his thanks to the House for
the honor conferred upon him and stated that he did not wish
to consume the time of the House in a lengthy address.
Mr. Christie, of Leon, nominated Dr. Wm. Forsyth Bynum,
of Columbia, for Chief Clerk.
Upon a call of the roll the vote was-
For Wm. Forsyth Bynum:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Ayer, Baggett, Baker, Ballen-
tine, Bates, Bethel, Blanton, -Bunch, Canty, Carlisle,
Carter, Chaires, Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees,
Dupree, Dyal, Ellis, Frisbee, Fielding, Fulton, Har-
dee, Harris, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor, Hyer,
Lamar, Lewis, Linton, Mays, McCall, McCreary, Mobley,
Morgan of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot,
Pedrick, Pope, Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg,
Robertson, Rouse, Shepard of Liberty, Shepherd of Orange,
Sloan, Spencer, Stanford, Stockton, Street, Thayer, Turner,
Wall of Bradford, Wall, of Putnam, Ward, Watson, Whitner,
Williams, Wilson, Wolff, Young and Zewadski-65.
The Speaker declared Dr. Wm. Forsyth Bynum, of Fort
White, Fla., elected Chief Clerk.
Mr. Pelot, of Manatee, made the following nominations:
For Assistant Chief Clerk-Charles H. Dickinson.
Reading Clerk-Nat R. Walker.
Assistant Reading Clerk-George J. Strozier.
Engrossing Clerk-Herbert J. Drane.
Enrolling Clerk-J. B. Ellis.












5



Recording Clerk-C. S. Lowry.
Sergeant-at-Arms-T. F. Messer.
Messenger-George Dice.
Doorkeeper-J. C. Summer, Jr.
Janitor-J. R. Blackiston.
Pages-Arthur C. Cox, Ross Terrell and Norton Keithley.
Chaplain-Rev. E. Trice.
All of whom were, on motion of Mr. Wall, of Putnam,
elected by acclamation, and were sworn in by Associate Jus-
tice M. II. Mabry.
Upon motion of Mr. Robertson, of Washington, the Rules
of the last House of Representatives was adopted until further
ordered.
A committee from the Senate consisting of Messrs. Dough-
erty, Bynum and Adams appeared at the bar of the House
and informed the House that the Senate was organized and
ready to proceed to business.
On motion of Mr. Wall, of Putnam, a committee consisting
of Messrs. Wall, of Putnam, Lewis, of Jackson and Carlisle,
of Alachua, were appointed a committee to notify the Senate
that the Hlouse was organized and ready for business.
After a brief absence the committee reported that they
had performed the duty assigned them and were discharged.
Mr. Stockton moved that the Chair appoint a committee of
three to notify the Governor that the House was organized
and ready for business.
The Chair appointed Messrs. "?.. i:r..,; of Duval, Harris, of
Monroe, Lamar of Jefferson.
After a brief absence the committee reported that they had
performed the duty assigned to them and asked to be dis-
charged.
Mr. Turner, of Citrus, offered the following concurrent res-
olution:
House Concurrent Resolution No. 1:
l: .... ..;., By the House of Representatives, the Senate
concurring, That a special joint committee, consisting of three
from the House and two from the Senate, be appointed to in-
vestigate the books, records and accounts of the Commissioner
of Agriculture, and they be allowed to employ such clerical
aid as they find necessary;
Which was read and laid over until to-morrow under the
rules.
Mr. Robertson, of Washington, offered the following con-
.current resolution :
House Concurrent Resolution No.2 :














Resolved, the Senate concurring, That a committee con-
sisting of two on the part of the Senate and three from the
House, be appointed to investigate the books, records and ac-
counts of the Commissioner of Agriculture, and they are au-
thorized to employ such clerical aid as will enable them to
make thorough investigation;
Which was laid over until to-morrow under the rules.
Mr. Dees offered the following concurrent resolution:
House Concurrent Resolution No. 3:
Resolved, the Senate concurring, That a committee con-
sisting of three on the part of the House and two from the
Senate be appointed to investigate the books, records and
accounts of the Commissioner of Agriculture and they are
authorized to employ such clerical aid as will enable them to-
make thorough investigation;
Which was laid over until tomorrow.
Mr. Sloan, of Lake, offered the following resolution:
House Resolution No. 4:
Resolved by the House of Representives, That a vote of
thanks be tendered Mrs. Governor Bloxham for the kind in-
terest displayed by her for our comfort and the neat arrange-
ment of the Hall at the organization of th- present session;
Which was adopted by a rising vote.
Mr. McCall, of Hillsborough, offered the following resolu-
tion.
House Resolution No. 5:
WHEREAS, William Jennings Bryan led the Democratic
party in the memorable campaign of 1896, and,
WHEREAS, He is the eloquent exponent of the great prin-
ciples of that party as enunciated by the Chicago platform;:
therefore
Be it Resolved, That we, the Legislature of the State of
Florida, hereby issue to Mr. Bryan an earnest invitation to.
come before this body and address it upon the principles of
the party and the issues of the day;
Which was unanimously adopted.
Mr. Whitner, of Orange, offered the following concurrent.
resolution.
House Concurrent Resolution No. 6:
Resolved, the Senate concurring, That a committee to con-
sist of three on the part of the House and two from the Sen-
ate be appointed to investigate the books, records, accounts
and balances of the Treasurer, and that they are authorized to
employ such clerical aid as will enable them to make thorough
investigation.



6i













Resolved further, That said committee is hereby authorized:
to send for persons and papers;
"Which was laid over until tomorrow under the rules.
Mr. Ward, of Bradford, offered the following concurrent.
resolution :
House Concurrent Resolution No. 7:
Resolved by the House of Representatives, the Senate con-
curring, That a committee of two on the part of the House,.
be appointed to act with a similar committee on the part of
the Senate to examine the Comptroller's books and ac-
counts, and management of their offices and employ such.
clerical aid as may be necessary;
Which was laid over until tomorrow.
Mr. Shepherd, of Orange, offered the following concurrent
resolution:
House Concurrent Resolution No. 8:
Resolved, That a committee consisting of three from the
House and two from the Senate be appointed to examine the
books and records of the office of the Commissioner of Agri-
culture, and they be allowed such clerical aid as they find nec--
essary;
Which was laid over until tomorrow.
Mr. Turner, of Citrus, offered the following resolution:
House Resolution No. 9:
Whereas, The resignation of General Fitzhugh Lee leaves.
vacant the position of Consul General to Cuba, and
Whereas, It is important that the said Consul General, in
view of the proximity of our South Atlantic and Gulf ports to
Cuba, and our consequent business therewith, should possess,
an intimate knowledge of the Southern States, especially of
Florida, and
Whereas, Having entire confidence in the ability, Integrity
and patriotism of Captain John H. Welsh, and his eminent
fitness for the position, be it therefore
Resolved, That Captain John IH. Welsh be and is hereby
endorsed for the position of Consul General to Cuba, and be-
it further
Resolved, That a properly attested copy of these preambles:
and resolutions be forwarded to the President without delay;
Which was laid over until to-morrow.
Mr. Wall, of Bradford, offered the following concurrent.
resolution:
House Concurrent Resolution No. 10:
Resolved by the House of Representatives, the Senate con-
curring, That a committee of two from the House to act with
a similar committee from the Senate be appointed to investi-



7











8



gate the books and papers in the Land Office and employ such
,clerical aid as may be necessary;
Which was laid over until to-morrow under the rules.
Upon motion of Mr. McCall, of Hillsborough, the Chief
Clerk was requested to communicate with Wm. Jennings
Bryan, and urge his presence at the earliest possible day.
On motion of Mr. Wall, of Putnam, the House adjourned
until 10 o'clock A. M. to-morrow.


-o-


WEDNESDAY, APrIL 7, 1897.

"The House met pursuant to adjournment.
The Speaker in the chair.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
"their names:
Mr. Speaker, 3i... Ayer, Baggett, Baker, Ballentine, Bates,
Bethel, Blanton, Bunch, Canty, Carhsle, Carter, ('Ih;..-,
Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crnmptoin, Dees, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee,
Fielding, Fulton, Harris. Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor,
Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCreary, Mobley, Morgan
of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick,
Pope, Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg, Robertson,
Rouse, Shepard of Liberty, Shepherd of Orange, Sloan,
";." .'"" ", Stanford, Stockton, Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of
Bradford, Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Wil-
liams, Wilson, Wolff, Young and Zewadski-6(4.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Rev. E. Trice, (';i i.
Mr. Hendry of Lee moved that the reading of the Journal
be dispensed with.
Mr. Sloan moved to amend this motion by not having the
.Journal read only by special order of the House;
Which was agreed to.
Messrs. Bates of Gadsden, Rice of Franklin, Spencer of
"Calhoun, being present were duly sworn in by the Hon..W.
Hunt Harris of Monroe, Notary Public at Large.
Mr. Pope of Duval moved that Mr. Pons of Baker be re-
quested to be waited upon and ask to make a statement to the
House concerning the contested election of Baker.
The chair appointed Messrs. Pope of Duval, Hendrv of
Lee, Blanton of Madison, to escort Mr. Pons to the House.











9



After a brief statement from Mr. Pons, Mr. Pope of Duval
moved that Mr. Burnsad of Baker be granted his seat as a
member of the Legislature.
Mr. Christie of Leon amended by moving that the seating
of Mr. Burnsad be referred to the Committee on Privileges
and Elections.
On motion of Mr. Wolff of Polk the previous question was
ordered, being the motion of Mr. Christie of Leon;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Cox of Polk offered the following motion:
Moved that the sergeant-at-arms be instructed to furnish
each member a copy of the Journal of last session, also a copy
of the Revised Statutes and sheet acts of 1893 and 1895.
Mr. Whitner of Orange offered the following amendment:
That the Secretary of State be respectfully requested to fur-
nish them.
Mr. Carlisle of Alachua offered the following amendment
to the amendment:
Moved that the motion as made Ib Mr. Coxe of Polk
county be amended so as to read, "provided the same can be
furnished without expense to the State."
Mr. Wall of Putnam moved as a substitute, to request the
sergeant-at-arms to call on the Secretary of State and secure
all the available copies;
Which was agreed to.
The following telegram was received from Win. Jennings
Bryan:
VWASHIxTON, D. C., April 7, 1897.
To Dr. Wm. Forsyth Bynum, Chief Clerk House Represen-
tatives Florida Legislature:
Invitation received and I accept with pleasure and will ar-
rive Friday afternoon.
W. J. BRyAN.
Mr. Harris of Monroe, offered the following:
House Concurrent Resolution No. 11:
Resolved, That the Speaker of the House of Representa-
tives appoint a committee of five to co-operate with any com-
mittee that the Senate may appoint for the reception and en-
tertainment of the Honorable \Vm. J. Bryan upon the occa-
sion of his visit to the capital of the State in response to the
invitation of the Legislature;
Which was adopted.
The Chair appointed the following committee:
Harris of Monroe, Wall of Putnam, Lamar of Jefferson,
Zewadski of Marion, Carlisle of Alachua.











10



Mr. Turner of Citrus offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the sergeant-at-arms be requested at once
to carefully examine all desks within the hall, and that he be
instructed to'have such necessary repairs made as is best for
the convenience of the members;
Which was adopted.
Mr. Owens of Lake offered the following:
House Joint Resolution No. 12:
Joint Resolution Memorializing Congress to Recognize the
Belligerent Rights of Cuba.
Be it Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
That Whereas, The people of the Island of Cuba have for
more than two years been engaged in a struggle for independ-
ence and the right to maintain a free government of their own;
and
Whereas, There has existed an actual state of warfare be-
tween the people of Cuba and the government of Spain for
the time mentioned, and the people of Cuba have been able by
force of arms to establish and maintain a status entitling them
under international law to be recognized as belligerents; there-
fore, be it
Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida, That
it is the earnest desire of the people of this State that bellig-
erent rights he extended to the people of Cuba, and that the
Government of the United States do at once recognize such
rights.
Resolved further, That our Senators and Representatives in
Congress be requested to lay this memorial before Congress,
and use their influence to have the rights of Cuba recognized
as a belligerent nation;
Which was adopted.
Mr. Ayer of Marion offered the following:
House Joint Resolution No. 13:
Whereas, The Interstate Commerce Commissioners will
hold a session in Jacksonville on the 9th day of April to in-
vestigate the exorbitant charges on vegetables from Florida to
Northern cities; therefore, be it
Resolved, That a committee, consisting of one on the part
of the Senate and two from the House, be appointed to meet
said commissioners and lay before them such information as
they may possess in behalf of the fruit and vegetable growers
of the State of Florida.
Mr. Harris of Monroe offered the following amendment:
That the resolution be so amended as to include all freight
and passenger tratlic and charges.











11

Mr. Owens of Lake moved that the rules be waived and
that Resolution No. 13 as amended be adopted;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Wall of Putnam moved that the Governor's message
be read;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Ellis of Santa Rosa moved that further reading of the
Governor's message be dispensed with and the message be
spread upon the Journal;
Which was agreed to.















MESSAGE OF THE GOVERNOR.


STATE OF FLORIDA,
EXECUTIVE OFFICE, April 6, 1897. f
Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Representa-
tives:
I welcome you to the Capitol of your State, in dis-
charge of the high duties to which you have been sum-
moned, as the Representatives of the people of Flor-
ida, and holding their commission to legislate for their
welfare.
You are the recipients of the highest honor and
trust, and the future of our State is largely in your
hands. As intelligent Legislators, and responsible fidu -
ciaries, you will look alone to the prosperity and wel-
fare of a worthy and confiding constituency, and, I
trust, secure for your work the high encomium--'"Well
done."
We take up the work of the Legislative and Execu-
tive departments of the government at a period of great
financial depression and business uncertainty; and
while State Governments are not responsible for those
unsatisfactory conditions, yet a due regard for the sit-
uation demands, at our hands, the greatest economy
consistent with an efficient and progressive adminis-
tration.
FINANCIAL.
Florida's financial condition, notwithstanding the
panics and other destructive forces from which she has
suffered, is most gratifying. Her Comptroller's
warrants pass current in the banking institutions and
moneyed marts of the country; the small amount of










13



bonds she has outstanding in the hands of individuals
are at a premium, although they have but a few years
to run; she has no floating debt, and has cash in the
Treasury to meet all legitimate expenses. Her entire
debt is not over $2.50 per capital, being less than any
State in the Union, and her State tax proper is smaller
than any Southern State.
Let this be an incentive, not to extravagence, but to
earnest efforts to preserve our financial standing, and
at the same time make the burden of taxation as light
as possible.
It will be seen from the reports of the Comptroller
that the total amounts of warrants issued in 1895
amounted to $714,013.36, and in 1896, $647,864.85.
These sums include not only the appropriations made
by the Legislature, but the Constitutional School tax
of one mill, the interest upon the Common School
fund, and the expenses of the State Board of Health.
They do not include the interest upon the bonded debt,
which is paid by the Treasurer upon the presentation
of the coupons representing said interest.
The bonded debt of the State is as follows:
BONDS OF 1871.
Seven per cent. bonds, 1871, interest payable annu-
ally, January 1st:
Amount issued ................ .........$350,000 00
Deduct amount in Sinking Fund.............. -',:; 00

$267,700 00
Deduct amount in School, Seminary and Agricul-
tural College Funds ...................... 8175,600 00

$92,100 00










14



BONDS OF 1873..
Six per cent. bonds, 1873, interest payable semi-annually,
January and July:
Am ount issued ................... ....... . ..::l:.,ll 00
Deduct amount in Sinking Fund ............. 160,200 00

$764,800 00

Deduct amount inSchool, Seminary and Agricul-
tural College Funds..................... :..: .-."i 00

'_'-'. 1,600 00
Total seven and six per cent. bonds in hands of
individuals .............................. .;.'.1.700 00
The $100,000.00 borrowed in 1889, and the $100,000.00
borrowed in 1891, both under Legislative sanction,
have been secured as an investment by the "Common
School Fund" and "Internal Improvement Fund,"
as shown in the Comptroller's Report for 1896.
The State's entire debt, then, for all purposes, is
$1,232,500.00.
.Of this sum'the State holds in her educational funds
and under her control, $850,800.00, and her Internal
Improvement Fund holds $25,000.00, leaving in hands
of individuals $356,700.00.
TAXATION.
The vexed question of taxation is always with us-
Adam Smith's celebrated canons, "equality, certainty,
convenience and economy," have not been improved
upon as maxims of taxation, but to secure such results
in practice has baffled the best statesmanship of all
times. Equality of taxation, in its last analysis,
should be but equality of sacrifice.
The Legislature of 1893 took steps in that direction
by taxing the stock of National banks, increasing the
revenue from insurance companies, taxing sleeping










15



cars a small per cent of their incomes derived from
business in the State, and securing some interest upon
the idle moneys in the Treasury. Can we not advance
n the same direction?
COLLATERAL INHERITANCE TAX.
Ever since Mill advocated the imposition of ex-
tremely heavy succession duties, with the object of
promoting a better distribution of National wealth,
and compelling individuals to be more self-reliant, fi-
nanciers have given more thought to an inheritance
tax. Many claim that everything that passes by in-
heritance should be subject to a proper contribution to
sustain the government that authorizes and protects
such transfers; and many States collect large revenues
on that broad basis.
While objections might be raised to such contribu-
tions when exacted from property passing in immedi-
ate succession, as from husband to wife, or parent to
child, no reasonable grounds of opposition can be
raised for a legitimate tax on such property as,
through the protection of the statute, comes into the
possession of persons or corporations who have no
such direct claim upon those from whom it is derived.
Since recommending a tax on collateral inheritance,
in a report two years ago, several cases have come un-
der personal observation, where a legitimate and
proper contribution should have been exacted from
such sources, for public purposes.
Why cannot Florida enter those channels that have
been successfully explored by other commonwealths ?
TAX ON LITIGANTS.
Our revenue law of 1893 provided that $1.00 should
be paid before any civil action could be docketed in
any court, other than Justice of the Peace Courts.
The Legislature of 1895, in enacting an entirely new










16



revenue law, unwittingly, it is believed, omitted this
section. Under it, the State derived a revenue of
about $4,000.00 per annum.
This provision should be re-enacted, and in addition,
a jury tax of .; 00 in every civil suit where a jury is
demanded, other than a Justice Court, should be col-
lected and taxed as other costs against the losing par-
ties.
This jury tax is collected in other States upon the
ground that a very small percentage of the people
ever have civil suits in the higher courts, but are an-
nually compelled to pay taxes for the payment of ju-
rors and court expenses for the benefit of the few,
many of whom from disposstion and habit are chronic
litigants. Such a tax would lessen the demand for
jury trials, and thus save the counties and the State
The amount arising from these. two sources should
go into the "Fine and Forfeiture" fund of the respec-
tive counties, and thus directly benefit the tax payers
of the counties where the trials take place.
It may not be inappropriate here to say that many
of the States charge a fee or tax upon extradition
warrants issued in response to requisitions from the
Executives of other States.
There are no valid reasons why Florida should not
make a charge of $2.00 for each extradition warrant,
to be paid into the general revenue of the State.
BANK TAXATION.
The inequality of assessments for purposes of taxa-
tion is well illustrated in the valuations given to bank
stock. An examination of the assessment rolls of the
respective counties where banks are located, presents
this inequality in an unmistakable manner.
Solvent, successful banks give in their capital stock
at from fifteen cents on the dollar, up,while such stock










17



of many of said banks would bring a large premium
if offered for sale.
To secure a nearer approach to equality, I would re-
spectfuliy recommend that all bank stock be assessed
in the manner that railroad property is now assessed.
Let the Comptroller, with the "assistance and advice
of the Attorney-General and Treasurer of the State,"
be empowered to make the assessment, and notify the
Assessors of the value placed upon such stock.
In this connection, it is not improper to state that it
is estimated that the personal property of a State, in-
cluding of course credits, bonds, mortgages, stock,
etc., is about equal to the value of its real estate. The
assessment rolls of the country, however, show a con-
tinuous depreciation in the amount of personal prop-
erty assessed; and Florida is no exception to the rule.
In 1887, the assessed value of personal property in
this State was $19,357,499.00. In 1896, nine years
thereafter, it declined to $16,066,322.00, notwithstand-
ing that nearly one million of bank stock had, in the
meantime, been added to the assessment. This is
about one.sixth of the assessed value of the property
of the State, and is conclusive of the fact that a very
small percent of the invisible property and wealth of
the State appears upon her assessment rolls. The ef-
forts of other States to cure similar defects can be pre-
sented to appropriate committees, and the entire ques-
tion is worthy of your most thoughtful consideration
and investigation.
EXAMINATION OF BANKS.
Nothing tends to strengthen confidence in a com-
munity better than a good rating in all business trans-
actions. The banks are a good reflex of such stand-
ing, and their frequent examination is the best mode
of securing watchful care and conservative operations
in their business methods. It is also due to the pub-
2











18



lic that the State should see that the moneyed institu-
tions she charters are worthy of public confidence.
We have a general banking law which experts pro-
nounce a reasonably good law, and no incorporations
.of such institutions should be allowed except under
That law. Some State banks now claim that the Comp-
troller has no authority to call on them for reports, or
"to examine their books, because they have special leg-
islative charters.
While the question is not settled, I would recom-
mend that Sections 2190 and 2191, R. S., be so amended
as to bring all banks incorporated under the general.
,law, or by special enactment, under the provisions of
said acts.
Section 2191, R. S., should be so amended as to au-
thorize the Comptroller, with the approval of the Gov-
ernor, to compensate the examiner by payment direct
from the Treasury, and the Comptroller to collect the
:amount from the bank examined. Of course he should
,be clothed with such powers as would necessarily se-
.cure a prompt settlement from an examined bank, and
the Treasury at once reimbursed.
Competent examiners cannot be secured if they are
to depend for their compensation upon a possible law-
suit with the bank, and it is better in all respects for
such examiners to be paid directly by the State.
Section 2190, R. S., should be so amended as to re-
quire the banks making the reports, to publish each
of said reports in some paper published in their town
or city, at the time it is forwarded to the Comptroller.
There is no better safeguard than full publicity to
everything connected with moneyed institutions. Pub-
licity is also the corner stone of confidence.
Our State banks are achieving an enviable reputa-
tion, and it should be the earnest desire of all to still










19

further elevate their standing, as it will be a protec-
tion to depositors, and greatly add to the reputation
-of our State.
DEPOSITING PUBLIC MONEYS.
Chapter 4157, Laws of Florida, authorizes the Gov-
ernor, Treasurer and Comptroller "to deposit, subject
to call, the moneys of the State in such banks in the
State as will offer the best inducement as to interest
and security."
The law in its operation has furnished security for
the public funds, deposited under it and has in three
years, brought in a revenue of $9,428.19. The amount
of interest for these deposits for the year 1896,
:amounted to $3,810.63. The Comptroller's report
shows only $2,107.50 for that year, but that report
presents the transactions up to December 31st, 1896,
and a considerable portion of the interest for 1896 was
paid into the Treasury after that date.
I would recommend that the law confine the securi-
ties that may be received under it to United States
bonds, and the bonds of the several States, and coun-
ty and municipal bonds of the State of Florida; these
.securities to be taken at such value (not above their
par value) as the three officials may determine. It
should also direct the manner by which the Treasurer
-should dispose of the collaterals in case of default by
the bank.
Let the Treasurer then be prohibited from keeping
.any moneys in any bank unless he has such collater-
.als. The only exception should be a New York de-
pository selected by the Governor, Comptroller and
Treasurer, where the State could keep sufficient funds
to meet her interest obligations.
It is to be hoped the Legislature will take prompt
action upon this important matter.










20



FAILING TO PAY OVER PUBLIC MONEYS.
If punishment by imprisonment was certain to fol-
low the retention of public moneys by those not au-
thorized to keep or use the same, we would have no
defalcations. I would recommend that the law be so
amended that where an officer failed, neglected, omit-
ted or refused to pay over any public moneys to any
official or person authorized by law to receive the same-
for more than thirty days after collection, that fact
should be prima face evidence of fraudulently con-
verting the moneys to his own use, and punishable by
imprisonment in the Penitentiary and a fine equal to
the amount collected. Good and prompt officials
would have nothing to fear, and those that might be
careless, be saved from their carelessness.
DIRECT TAX REFUNDED.
On March 2nd, 1891, an act of Congress was ap-
proved by the President, directing the payment to the
several States of all moneys collected under the direct
tax levied by the act of Congress approved August
5th, 1861; where this direct tax was collected directly,
or by sale of property, from the citizen or inhabitant,
the sum appropriated to the State had to be held in
trust for the benefit of such persons or their legal rep-
resentatives.
The act provided that "All claims under the trust,
hereby created, shall be filed with the Governor of
such State or Territory, and the Commissioners of the
District of Columbia, respectively, within six years
next after the passage of this act; and all claims not
so filed shall be forever barred, and the money attrib-
utable thereto shall belong to such State or Territory
or the District of Columbia, respectively, as the case
may be."
Under this act, Governor Fleming received on March
8th, 1892, $4,766.26, and in September, 1893, Governor










21



Mitchell received $33,719.80, making a total held in
trust by the Executive of the State, of $38,486.06. All
of this sum was paid out in execution of the trust ex-
cept $8.093.88. Governor Mitchell forwarded to this
office, on January 18th, 1897, a check on the Mer-
chants National Bank of Jacksonville, for this bal-
ance of $8,093.88.
Claims amounting to $1,173.43 are now on file, but
:as sufficient evidence of authority, etc., has not been
presented, they have not as yet been allowed.
The time for allowing claims to be filed having ex-
pired on March 2d, last, the remainder of the money,
.after deducting the $1,173.43, belongs to the State.
This would leave $6,920.45 that should now go into the
:State Treasury. Any portion of the $1,173.43 that
-may be left after the settlement of the pending claims,
will also have to go into the Treasury. The suspen-
:sion of the bank has precluded a settlement up to this
time.
Governor Mitchell gave me an order on the State
"Treasurer for $10.000.00 of Duval county bonds, held
by him as collateral security for the sum of $8,093.88.
Those bonds are now in the Treasurer's possession
awaiting the payment of the $8,093.88.
REVENUE LAW.
It is a mistake to enact a new revenue law at each
session of the Legislature. Even when additions and
changes have been confined to a few sections of the
law, the custom has been to have an entirely new copy
with some 65 or 70 sections enacted, entailing extra
clerical work and useless consumption of time.
It happens, at times, that in transcribing the large
portions of the law that are not intended to be changed,
clerical errors are made, and we find a law different
from what was intended by the Legislature.










22



Enacting new revenue laws also tends largely to-
confuse tax-payers. By the time Assessors, Collectors
and tax-payers become familiar with the provisions of
one revenue law, another is in force.
SIt would be m uch better sim ply to change the sec-
tions desired, and the Comptroller in preparing his
pamphlet copy for the use of county officials, could
have the newly enacted sections properly noted.
A few suggested changes in the present law will be
submitted to the appropriate committee.
TAX CERTIFICATES.
Under Chapter 4011, Laws of Florida, all lands upon
which taxes had not been paid by the first Monday of
April of any year, had to be certified to the State by
the Collector. The State's title to said lands matured
in two years from said certification, and then said
lands were priced and placed under the charge of the
Commissioner of Agriculture for sale.
This law was enacted in 1891, and repealed in 1893;
thus leaving all certificates for tax lands for the two
years in charge of the Commissioner of Agriculture,
and all tax deeds issued for same have to be executed
and signed by the Governor and Secretary of State.
Tax certificates for all other years are held by the
State Treasurer, and he is authorized to sell such cer-
tificates; and the Clerk of the Circuit Court of the
county in which the lands are situated is required to
execute to the purchaser a tax deed to the lands em-
braced in said certificates.
Thus we have two tax deeds under our laws. One
executed by the Governor and Secretary of State for
all lands certified in the years 1892 and 1893, and the
other executed by the clerk of the court for all lands
sold for taxes for all other years.
Not only are the two tax deeds by different officials
objectionable, but as the system is worked, it is un-









23

satisfactory. The lands which the Commissioner of
Agriculture has the authority to sell are also subject
to redemption at any time prior to sale. The Treas-
urer having the authority to redeem, the work between
the two offices is frequently conflicting.
I would respectfully recommend that all tax certifi-
cates issued under Chapter 4011, Laws of Florida, be
transferred to the legal custody of the Treasurer, and
held by him subject to sale or redemption as all other
tax certificates are held; and deeds to issue for the
lands embraced in said certificates, by the Clerks of
Circuit Courts as now provided by law. The details
of the work as now required, present many reasons
why the transfer should be made.
DEFICIENCIES.
The Legislature of 1895 passed an act to "Provide
for the taking of the Census of the State," and allowed
for compensation for the service at the rate of three
cents per capital, "including farms and manufactories.'"
The law also allowed the Secretary of State and
Commissioner of Agriculture such amounts for print-
ing and incidental expenses as might be required, and
appropriated $8,000.00 for the purpose of carrying the
act into effect.
With a population of nearly 500,000, and farms and
manufactories numbering about 40,000, to say nothing
of the amounts for printing and incidental expenses,
it is difficult to see how the Legislature could for a
moment suppose that the appropriation of $8,000.00
could meet the expense. The exact sum required to
supply the deficiency will be furnished the appropriate
committees by the Comptroller.
In the estimates from the Comptroller's office, pre-
sented to the Legislature of 1895, was the usual esti-
mate of $55,000.00 per annum for the assessment and
collection of Revenue-or $110,000.00 for the two










24



years from July 1st, 1895, to July 1st, 1897. Experi-
ence had demonstrated this sum as necessary under
the commissions, etc., allowed by law, and it had been
appropriated by former Legislatures.
The last Legislature, however, reduced the appro-
priation to $45,000.00 per annum, or $90,000.00 for the
two years, and left the same commissions, expenses,
etc., to be met. Of course a deficiency was inevitable
under such an appropriation, and the difference be-
tween the estimate from the Comptroller's office and the
sum appropriated, (amounting to $10,000.00 per year,
,or 8', 000.00 for the two years), is about the amount
of the deficiency to be met.
The estimates for appropriations for such purposes
are always carefully calculated by the Comptroller,
and should not be lowered unless the laws requiring
"the expenditures are changed. If the laws require
expenditures, the reduction of appropriations does
not lessen the State's obligations, but only creates de-
ficiencies; and there is no economy in having deficien-
cies.
REDEEMING LANDS.
For many and serious reasons which will be at the
command of the proper committee, I would urge upon
the Legislature to have all redemptions made through
the State Treasurer.
It should be made unlawful for any one to receive
moneys for redemption except the Treasurer, and he
should be required to collect the 50 cents fee for the
Clerks, which should be their compensation for noting
the redemptions on the records in their office, as re-
ported to the County Commissioners each quarter by
the Comptroller.
This recommendation was made by my predecessor,
and it is now renewed with the hope that the whole










25



question will receive careful consideration at your
hands.
If the Legislature, in its wisdom, concludes that it
is better to still continue redemptions in the counties,
then there must be vigorous safeguards thrown around
the transaction to the end that the public interest shall
be better protected.
EDUCATION.
In this age of advanced thought, it is scarcely nec-
essary to call attention to popular education as the
best safeguard of constitutional liberty. In our Re-
publican form of government, where public questions
are settled by the popular will, that will must be edu-
cated, or the government will sooner or later prove a
failure. Free government and ignorant suffrage are
not in harmony. Universal suffrage demands univer-
sal education as its protector; for while the ballot is a
most potent agency to correct public grievances, there
is none more dangerous to free government when
wielded by ignorance.
It has been well said that "maximum education
makes a minimum government possible, and secures
maximum liberty," and it can well be added that ig-
norance is the fruitful mother of public burdens, and
contributes but little to the public weal or wealth.
Florida's educational growth is therefore a subject
of generous congratulation. At the close of the school
year in June, 1896, we had in operation 2350 schools,
and the enrollment of pupils had increased to 100,373
divided as follows: Whites, 63,586; Colored, 36,787
We expended during that year something over $700,-
000.00 for school purposes.
All of our institutions of learning are well patron-
ized, and public sentiment stands ready to sustain all
legitimate efforts for their further and broader useful-
ness.









26



For detailed information regarding our higher edu-
cational institutions as well as our common school sys-
tem, I beg to refer you to the report of the State Su-
perintendent.
INDIAN WAR CLAIM.
What is known as the Indian Trust Fund of the
United States, holds $132,000.00 of our bonds. These
bonds were issued by the State authorities to raise
funds for the suppression of Indian hostilities growing
out of the Seminole War of 1855-1857 and were
bought by the United States for the Indian Trust
Fund.
The amount has for many years been excluded from
the interest bearing debt of the State for the satisfac-
tory reason that the State holds valid and legal claims
against the Federal Government for necessary expenses
incurred in suppressing Indian hostilities, largely in
excess of this obligation. These claims have been re-
cognized and approved by both Executive Departments
of the War and the Treasury, and sustained by num-
erous reports of committees of the United States Con-
gress. Bills have passed both the Senate and House,
at different sessions of Congress, directing the pay-
ment of these claims, but unfortunately not passing
each House during the same session. There can be no
question as to the validity of the claims.
Senator Pasco, reporting from the Committee on
Claims, of the United States Senate, under date of
February 12th,1896,gave the estimate of the Secretary
of the Treasury, which shows the balance due
the State of Florida on January 1st, 1890, to be $567,-
954, 50. The interest from that period would of course
largely augment this sum.
Owing to the long deferred action in this claim, the
.State has suffered grave and serious detriment. By
an act of Congress, approved March 3d, 1845, entitled










27

'An act supplemental to the act for the admission of
Florida into the Union," it is expressly stipulated and
provided "that in considerations made by the State of
Florida in respect to the public lands, there be granted
to the said State five per centum of the net proceeds
of the sale of lands within said State which shall here-
after be sold by Congress, after deducting all expenses
incident to the same; and which net proceeds shall be
applied by said State for the purposes of education."
The department at Washington holds that as the
State has not paid the amount borrowed from the In-
dian Trust Fund, (although she holds a much larger
acknowledged claim against the general government).
the money arising from the five per cent. on sales of
land cannot be paid. This is an educational fund,
agreed to be paid to the State "in considerations made
by the State of Florida in respect to the public lands,"
and should not be withheld. I have not the exact
data as to the amount, but from information received.
there are about seventy thousand dollars due the State
from this source-being the accumulation since the
State's admission into the Union.
Again, whenever the State can prove that any of
the land disposed of by the United States Government
for money, belonged to the State, under the conditions
of the act of September 28th, 1850, commonly known
as the swamp act, the State claims, and the govern-
ment allows, the money to go to the State as indem-
nity. There are about fifty thousand dollars due the-
State from this source, now held on account of this
claim. It will thus readily be seen that the settlement
of this Indian War claim is a matter of importance to
the State.
Why Congress should persist in being so ungener-
ous to one of the States of the Union seems incom-
prehensible. With an admitted claim, amounting










28

now to over $800,000.00, our efforts should not slacken,
but the question should be agitated and pressed to a
successful termination.
It would be well for the Legislature to memorialize
Congress, calling attention to the great injustice being
done this State, and urging the equity and justice of
an early settlement. Such a memorial might give ad-
ditional strength to the worthy efforts of our Senators
and Representatives, and would at least evidence the
feeling of the State regarding this uncalled for delay.
LYNCHING.
I feel a profound regret in stating that since my in-
cumbency of the Executive office, lynchings in two
counties have caused the character and civilization of
our people to suffer in the estimation of the world.
Human life has always been taken for crime. The
difference between the savage and the civilized is that
the latter resort to courts or established tribunals, so
that when life is taken, it is the act of the law, and
no individual is responsible therefore.
If we go back to the method of the savage in taking
human life, where is it to end ? Where are we to draw
the line ? First, lynchings were for assaults upon
females; now it occurs for murder, and in some sections
of the Union, we hear of it being resorted to even in
cases of arson or theft. If it goes unchecked, it will
spread to every cause, and the foundations of our so-
cial fabric be undermined, and mob law enthroned
as the governing power.
A few men band together, outrage justice, trample
upon society, destroy confidence in the ability of offi-
cials to do their duty, familiarize the people with bru-
tality, commit murder, and fail of any beneficial re-
sults. To check such lawlessness is our highest duty;
and to that end, the following recommendations are










29



made with the hope that the combined wisdom of the
Legislature may suggest others:
In my judgment. Section 2396, R. S., should be so
amended as to make not only a successful assault but
even an "assault with intent," punishable with death;
leaving it to the discretion of the jury in the latter
event to recommend to mercy, or to inflict another
punishment deemed by many even more potent than
t;l others, and "best suited to the crime."
Our Constitution should be so amended as to have a
Circuit Judge appointed for the State, who could be
directed to hold court in any county where a necessity
existed, whether that necessity was produced by un-
usual crime or by disability of the judge of the circuit.
Until such an amendment could be ratified, I
would recommend that Section 1374, R. S., be so
amended as to authorize the Governor to appoint and
assign any of the Judges of the Circuit Courts to hold
special terms of the court in any county, at such time
or times as the Governor may direct, to try any crimi-
nal case that he may call to the attention of the judge
and such other cases as the judge may deem proper to.
take up.
The law now gives the authority to the Governor to,
assign any Judge to hold regular or special terms at
such places and such times as he may direct, but appears
to confine the consideration of the Judge to any "cause
pending in said court." The law should be so broad-
ened in its scope as to leave no doubt of the authority
of the Judge to take up and dispose of any new case.
Those who pretend to palliate the crime of mob law
in such cases base their opinions largely upon the in-
adequacy of the punishment and delays in the trial.
Such amendments would fully meet those objections,
and give emphasis to the constitutional provision that
in "all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall have
the right to a speedy and public trial."










30



Many thoughtful citizens are said to be impressed
with the conviction that commutations and pardons
'have been so freely granted as to shake public confi-
dence, and serve as a stimulus to lynching. The fu-
ture, it is believed, will be most carefully guarded
against such supposed stimulants.
The law should require the sheriff who allowed a
prisoner to be taken from the jail or his personal cus-
tody, or the custody of his deputy, to be removed and
disqualified from ever again holding any similar posi-
tion.
We should not rest satisfied because Florida suffers
less in that direction than most of her sisters, but every
possible method at the command of the law-making
power should be exhausted in a determined effort to
have no stain upon our fair name by mobocracy.
In addition, public sentiment should be awakened
to the necessity of educating the popular mind to the
necessities of observing the law. To that end, the
public press, the teachers of the land, and all good
e -citizens should unite. The press of our State has done
noble work in that direction, and let the law-abiding
and honor loving people sustain it, and with the co-
operation of teachers, spiritual and clerical, and all
who look to an elevated citizenship as the true solu-
tion of good government, join in the laudable effort to
-enthrone law and justice as the only governing forces
that can sustain our social fabric. There should be no
individual redress of wrong. There must be no lynch-
ing.
CONVICT LABOR.
The disposition of convicts is one of those ever re-
curring problems of our social system that has never
"yet received a satisfactory solution. Every State
seems delving in the question, and views are ad-
wanced going from the theory of little mercy to the










31



criminal, on one extreme, to their sumptuous support
at the expense of the tax-payer, on the other.
One State is reported to have gone so far as to pre-
clude the convict from any labor. Such enforced idle-
ness is not only the most cruel punishment, but it un-
dermines the constitution and entirely units the con-
vict for self support at the expiration of his sentence.
Labor is a necessity to the health of the convict, and
self-sustaining labor the only means of preventing him
from being an unreasonable burden upon the tax-pay-
ers of the Commonwealth. His labor should be so di-
rected as to minimize competition with free labor, but
labor he must.
Three methods have been resorted to in various
States in the management of convicts: Confinement
in a Penitentiary;-work on farms and in factories un-
der State control;-and leasing to individuals.
Florida experimented with a penitentiary for eight
years, from January 1st, 1869, to January 1st, 1877,
when the United States arsenal at Chattahoochee was
loaned to the State for that purpose. During those
eight years the average number of convicts for each
year, was 82, and the net cost to the State w.a re the
buildings were all loaned for the eight years a mounted
to $234,473.30. The net annual average cost per capital,
for each convict, was about $357.00. As we had on
January 1st, last, 656 convicts, just eight times as
many as the average for those eight years, the cost to
the State at the same rate would be $234,473.30 per
annum. Making legitimate deductions for a more
economical management, the amount would still be so
great that it would be a serious burden upon the tax-
payers of the State.
Owing to the fact that five-sixths of our convicts
are sentenced for less than two years, and two-thirds
of them for one year and under, and largely of a race










32



not characterized as yet by a superior capacity for in-
vention, or manufacturing industries, it is doubtful if
a penitentiary on the plan of many in Northern States
could be managed so as not to be a heavy burden upon
the people.
Owing to this condition, many of the Southern
States, are looking to agriculture as furnishing the
best solution of the problem, and some of them report
successful results. In the South, the best penologists
hold that agricultural labor should at least be a factor
in the solution of the problem.
Working the State convicts on the public roads has
also advocates. When we analyze the theory of the
State's taking 700 convicts, and entering upon the sug-
gestion of working them upon the public roads, and
furnishing food, clothing, implements, teams, guard,
medical attention, and erecting quarters and hospitals
to be frequently changed, we begin to comprehend the
magnitude of the undertaking. The work could be
extended only over a limited section during a year,
and the large cost to be borne by taxation of all,
would be very heavy. It would involve an expendi-
ture of not less than $200,000.00 annually, and it is
very doubtful if the same results could not be pro-
cured by free labor for a similar expenditure.
The counties now have the right to work the county
convicts upon the public roads of the county, and can
so utilize this labor whenever desirable. If any county
wishes the labor of all the convicts sentenced from
the county, or wishes to lease others for the laudable
purpose of road improvement, there seems no good
reason why the desire should not be realized.
The best experts in Georgia are reported in the press to
have reached the conclusion that road working by State
convicts under State supervision and State control would
be impracticable, and express the belief that such con-










33



victs worked on farms, with mills and shops adjacent, w nld
be the best system.
There is a unanimity of opinion that persons under 16
years of age should not be kept with older and more hard-
ened criminals. The State owns about nineteen hundred
acres of land connected with the Asylum, and it would be
well to consider if a portion of it might not be profitably
used for a farm where ye ithful convicts, as well as the
females sentenced, could not be made self-sustaining. It
would afford an opportunity for a school of reformation,
in all respects desirable, and at the same time add n ex-
pense to the State.
The lease system has many objectionable features, br-
it should be borne in mind that the lease system in Flor-
ida and the lease system in other States, where the con-
victs are kept at work under the earth in mining opera-
tions, are entirely distinct so far as the health of the con-
victs is concerned. Here the work is in the open air, and,.
it is believed, they are in better condition and better pro-
vided for than under a similar system in any other State.
The question is one of great magnitude, and unless the
Legislature can find some well-defined system that will
secure certain improvement without too great an expense, it
would be better to select a commission to take the whole-
question into consideration and report to the next Legis-
lature. Let us have no hasty action that may produce
future regrets.
The proceeds arising from the hire of convicts are dis-
tributed semi-annually between the counties in proportion
to the number from each county. From November 5th,
1895, to February 18th, 1896, $27,472.16 was so divided-
The amount received by each county, as well as full de-
tailed report of convicts, will be found in the report of
the Commissioner of Agriculture.
The State should have an agent, whose duty should be
to visit each camp at least six times every year, and no?-
3











34



only have power to prepare and bring meritorious cases
before the Pardoning Board, but look carefully to the
management and treatment of the convicts, and see that
the contracts with the lessees are fully complied with.
It is respectfully recommended that the scope of the
present law (Chapter 4390, Acts of 1895) be so enlarged
as to meet these requirements, and that the compensation
of the agent be proportionately increased, to be paid out
of the fund arising from the hire of convicts.
In my judgment, the physicians at the camps should he
,employed and paid by the State, the salaries to be
paid out of the convict fund. Such physicians could
have supervision over the hygienic and sanitary con-
dition of the camps, and make regular reports to the
CCommissioner of Agriculture.
FLORIDA FSIHERIES.
Of the many resources of Florida none present so great
possibilities as the fish and oysters, which may be grown
in our inland waters, and in waters contiguous to the State.
Our twelve hundred miles of sea-ccast of shallow water
and sandy bottom, oar mai y estuaries and streams mak-
ing into the sea, furnish inviting ground for the natural
hatching and protection of young fish. Extending out into
the water for a hundred miles or more, is the best of
feeding-ground, where the fish may mature. This feeding
ground is more than three times the area of our State.
From this extended and fertile feeding-ground the fish,
hatched on our coast and in our estuaries and rivers, come
back when they are at their best, to be caught for food for
man and tor fertilizers blo our fields. Experiments in fish-
culture demonstrate that each acre of water may be made
to produce more tood for man than can be grown on three
acres of well-cultivated land. With these factors before
us, we could increase the productive area (f onr State ten-
fold, so that, instead of having control of nearly 58,000










35



square miles of productive area, we can, by rightly man-
aging such a trust, have control of what is equal to 600,-
-000 square miles of food-producing land.
The coast of Florida is so located as to be contiguous to
the richest feeding-ground the sea offers to fish. All the
streams in the wide area of a larger part of the United
States, Mexico and Central America are pouring their
waters into the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
These waters are freighted with the waste organic matter,
furnishing abundant food for animal life. The tempera-
ture of the waters of both the Gulf of Mexico and the
Caribbean Sea is most favorable to the development of
the lower orders of animal life. The animalculae and
smaller fish, fed upon this abundant supply of food, come,
in their turn, to be food for larger fish. The Gulf Stream,
originating in the Caribbean Sea, sweeping through the
Gulf of Mexico and around the entire coast of Florida,
helps to bring to our very doors this vast food-supply.
Florida, also, is the only State having a sponge fishery,
which is one of the prominent branches of the fishing in-
dustry.
The water resources within the borders and along the
shores of the State will always be the chief reliance of a
large portion of our population. I have no data as to the
number dependent upon the fish supply from inland Or
fresh waters. It is estimated that there are now at least
7,000 persons actually engaged in saltwater fishing, which,
with the usual estimate for families, would make a popu-
lation of 35,000 directly interested.
The total investment for fishing purposes in salt waters
is placed at $1,329,937.00, with a total annual production
valued at $1,209,725.00. These figures are taken from a
report of a recent investigation by the United States Fish
Commission, which gives the nine leading items as fol-
lows: Sponge, $363,107.00; mullet (fresh and salted),
-5. 1,773.00; snappers, $155,346.00; oysters, $61,723.00;










36

pompano, $37,893.00; turtles, $28,503-00; trout, $27,170.00;
mullet roe, $25,961.00; Spanish mackerel, $21,455.00.
The report of the Commission asserts that if the sup-
ply of mullet-the most important of the State's fishery
products-is to be maintained, it will be necessary to en-
force a close season covering its principal spawning period.
The report also recommends stringent legislation against
the destruction of turtle eggs, and a minimum limit of
weight for turtles that are taken, as this valuable product
is being rapidly exterminated.
The Commission also recommends the adoption of
methods of artificial sponge culture, and five inches as the
minimum size of sponges which may be lawfully taken.
Efforts should be made to secure a Government hatch-
ing and experiment station on our Gulf and Atlantic
coasts, and an appropriation made by the State for a Fish
Commissioner to look specially after the fish interest of
the State.
Under our laws the sheriffs are made fish bailiffs to en-
force their provisions, but there is no certain or adequate
compensation for such difficult and oftentimes expensive
work. The remuneration should be certain and adequate,
both for the enforcement of the laws regarding the illegal
catching of fish, as well as those prohibiting the killing of
game.
I commend the entire question to your earnest consid-
eration.
PROTECTING GAME.
A movement has been inaugurated to secure more-
suitable and stringent legislation to protect the game
birds and animals of Florida. Many States are now
lamenting postponing such legislation too long, and
are endeavoring to correct the error by closing the kill-
ing season for a number of years.
The useless and wanton slaughter of the game in the
State has been going on for years, and unless checked










37

by stringent and suitable legislation, one of Florida's
many attractions and useful resources will be lost. To
have the prompt enforcement of laws protecting game
and fish, however, it is necessary to secure to the offi-
cer proper remuneration for this character of work.
INSANE ASYLUM.
It is gratifying to note improvement and progress in this
beneficent charity. The capacity of the institution has
been more than doubled since the adjournment of the last
Legislature, and many comforts supplied.
The sewerage system has been extended and the sanita-
tion and hygiene improved. The water supply is ample,
and the heating of the various buildings through a central
steam plant adds to comfort and personal safety.
Authority has been given the Superintendent to at once
establish a dairy plant; both as a matter of convenience
and economy.
The Commissioners of State Institutions have been de-
sirous of securing an electric light plant, and it is hoped
that the Legislature will make an appropriation of $2,800
for that purpose. The advantages of this method of light-
ing the institution will readily suggest themselves to all.
The Asylum had, at the close of the year, 373 inmates
,under treatment. Of this number, there were white males,
106; white females, 97; colored males, 88; colored females,
82.-Total, 373.
The general health of the inmates has been good, and
every possible precaution- taken for the prevention of
disease.
The medical department is supplied with necessary med-
icines, etc., and the general results obtained attest the effi-
ciency of the department.
In February last Assistant State Health Officer Dr. J.
L. Horsey was requested to visit and inspect the institu-
tion. In his report Dr. Horsey says:










38
"I found the general health of the inmates good and the
sanitary stat, of the buildings and grounds as nearly per-
feet as possible. I think the State of Florida and the
Board of State Institutions are to be congratulated in hav-
ing this institution in such perfect condition."
For detailed information regarding the Asylum I would'
respectfully refer you to the reports of the Superintendent
and the Physician.
STATE BOARD OF HEALTH.
The State Board of Health was organized under an act
of the Legis!ature approved February 20th, 1889, and con-
sequently has been in operation eight years. The people
of the State have thus had opportunities to examine and
consider the benefits to be derived from the Board's super-
vision and labor for their physical betterment.
The resolutions, therefore, adopted by the different pol-
itical parties in their State conventions last summer, when
appealing to the people for popular support, must be con-
clusive evidence of the confidence felt in the Board, and a
demand for the continuance of its important mission.
In all sections of the State where the State Board has
legal control, a (o iidence is ielt that our population has
the best security against the possibility of epidemics and
the numerous evils resulting therefrom.
Florida stands in the front rank of the healthiest States
in the Union, and it is gratifying to note that the past year
presents a record that emphasises that fact.
I invite your careful attention to the reports of the Pres-
ident cf the State Board of Heal'th and the State Health
Officer, and ask for the recommendations contained in said
reports your earnest consideration.
Efficiency in administration is the paramount principle
for a State Board of Health and necessary to secure the
full fruition of such an institution; but a divided responsi-
bility and thorough efficiency never go hand in hand.










39



STATE TROOPS.
Under authority of our Constitution, the Legislature, in
1887, provided that "there shall be organized in this State
a body of State militia composed of volunteer companies,
known as the Florida State Troops."
This act was amended in 1891, and limited the force to
twenty companies of infantry, each company consisting of
twelve officers (commissioned and non-commissioned) and
not more than fifty-two privates. It also provided for two
batteries of artillery, each battery consisting of ten officers
(commissioned and non-commissioned) and not more than
thirty-two privates. This would make a maximum force
of 1,364 men, in addition to staff and general officers. The
actual enrollment shows the number to be 1,102 men.
The State troops received many encomiums from the
United States Army officers detailed for their instruction
at the encampment in 1896, and it is gratifying to note
that Florida has a citizen soldiery well drilled and well be-
haved, and with a pride in the good standing of the force.
They are worthy of the generous consideration of the peo-
ple and their representatives.
Owing to our extended sea coast, it may be well to con-
sider if Florida should not follow the example of other
States similarly situated, in organizing a naval militia in
order to have trained men to man coast and harbor defense
vessels in an emergency. Beyond that, there seems to be
no necessity for an increase in our military organization.
My convictions are that we will have the highest efficiency
by the State's fully providing for the troops we have, rather
than by an increased number with less ability to provide
for them the requisites of deserving soldiers.
Florida has now a larger per capital average of enrolled
men than exists in the other States of the Union.
General Miles, commanding the United States Army, in
his last report to the Secretary of War recommended that
the strength of the regular army be placed at one soldier










40

o every two thousand inhabitants as a minimum, and one
soldier to every one thousand inhabitants as the maximum,
to be determined by the President according to the neces-
sities of the country. Florida now has in her volunteer
force one soldier to every four hundred and twenty-five
inhabitants. There are no pressing circumstances that, in
imy judgment, warrant an increase.
CONVENTIONS.
Three important national conventions have assem-
]eld% in our State during the first two months of the
present year.
The National Tobacco Grower's Convention assem-
bled at Ocala on January 12th. Delegates from a large
number of States were present; and the papers sub-
mitted, and the discussions evoked, were of a high
order, and necessarily awakened a lively interest in
one of the foremost business interests of our State,
and one destined to bring large pecuniary gains to our
citizens.
On January 20th, the South Atlantic and Gulf Coast
-and Harbor Defense Convention assembled at Tampa.
Twenty-two of the States were represented, and no
*convention ever assembled in the country, where the
delegates bore evidence of a higher order of intelli-
*gence and qualifications for their work. Representa-
tives from the Interior vied with those from the Sea
Ports, while both united with those from the Army
and Navy to emphasize the demand of the people that
our Coast and Harbors be placed in a condition of de-
fense commensurate with our position among the lead-
ing governments of the world. A permanent organi-
zation, composed of prominent men from the respec-
tive States, was perfected, and the declarations of the
'Convention were received with profound attention
throughout the country.
The National Good Roads Congress, which met at










41



Orlando on February 2nd, gave an impetus to a sys-
tem of high-ways that experience is rapidly teaching
is necessary to the full development and fruition of
every community.
There is no interest that is not represented in the
consummation of the work so auspiciously inaugurated
at the Orlando convention.
The agricultural, moral, social, religious, educational
and business interests of the country, are all greatly
interested in the object to be attained-good roads-
and this conclusion was manifested by the large num-
ber of delegates from many of the States of the
Union.
These three highly important national conventions
assembling in our State, necessarily brought Florida
to the front, and their influence will be felt through-
out the entire country.
STENOGRAPHERS.
It is proper to call your attention to the difficulty
regarding the payment of stenographers.
When the Constitution was changed, and the legal
costs and expenses, (including the fees of officers),
were required to be paid by the counties in all crimi-
nal cases where the defendant was insolvent or dis-
charged, it was thought by many that the State was
no longer liable for the employment of stenographers
provided for under Section 1,399, R. S. The Legisla-
ture also took this view, and made no appropriation
for such services.
Since that period, the question has been passed upon
by one or two Circuit Judges, and the State's liability
affirmed. Under the circumstances many of the coun-
ties declined to pay stenographers, and, there being
no appropriation, the State could not.
If the Legislature accepts the view that the State is
responsible, then an appropriation will have to be
made covering the past year. as well as for the future.
It is due to the stenographers that some definite action
should be taken.










42



EXAMINATION OF ACCOUNTS.
Section 109, R. S., directs that the books, records,
etc., of the Comptroller's office shall, at all times, be
subject to examination by the Governor or any person
or persons he may authorize to make such examina-
tion. The law should be amended so as to include the
Treasurer's office, as at present the Governor has no
legal right to have that office examined.
In my report as Comptroller, under date of January
1st, 1895, the necessity of having all offices examined
by a State examiner was discussed and recommended.
The same necessities exist to-day.
If, however, the Legislature will furnish a sufficient
contingent fund, or authorize the Executive to expend
a stated sum in such examinations, it would enable the
Comptroller or Executive to have more than one man
at a time in the work, and give an opportunity of hav-
ing the entire State gone over with the least possible
delay. It would cost no more during the year, but it
would sooner accomplish the objects in view. It has
become an imperative necessity in some counties, that
such examinations should be promptly made to correct
existing evils, and the services of more than one expert
will be required in the commencement of the work.
The law (Section 414, R. S.), authorizes the Gover-
nor to designate an agent, on the request of the Comp-
troller, Treasurer. County Judge. or President or other
member representing the Board of County Commis
sioners, to examine the books and accounts of county
offices. It is respectfully suggested that the section
be changed so as to allow the Governor to designate
an agent, and have any officer's accounts and books
examined whenever he deems it for the interests of
the State or county to do so, and not be compelled to
wait for a supposed defalcation before acting.
The frequent examination of the accounts of all
officers who handle public moneys, would alone secure
results that would more than compensate for the ex-
pense. It would properly attest the superior worth of
the large number of efficient officers in the State, and
stimulate others to follow their example.










43



THE TREASURY.
On the 14th of January last the Merchants' National
Bank of Ocala suspended, and the Treasurer informed me
that he had about $30,000.00 of tax certificate money in
said bank, and that there had been no time since July,
1896, that he could have withdrawn the same.
The following note from the Treasurer is self explana-
tory, and it is hoped the Legislature will at once act upon
the same and appoint a special committee with ample
powers to send for persons and papers, employ experts, etc.,
in order that a full and thorough investigation may
be had:
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, STATE OF FLORIDA,
TREASURER'S OFFICE,
TALLAHASSEE, March 27, 1897.
IIoN. W. D. BLOXIIAM,
Governor:
DEAR SIR-I most respectfully request you to ask the
Legislature to carefully investigate the accounts of this
office, and especially the circumstance of the loss of public
moneys by the failure of the Merchants' National Bank of
Ocala. Yours truly,
C. B. COLLINS,
State Treasurer.
SPECIAL LEGISLATION.
General incorporation laws have been provided by
the State for the convenience of the citizen and the
relief of the law making power. If there are any de-
fects in said laws, or their general scope is not suffi-
ciently enlarged, then let the omissions be curedby
legislative enactment.
The practice, for years past, of consuming the time
of the Legislature with special or private legislation
is reprehensible. A cursory examination of the legis-
lative journals and published volumes of our laws,
will show the magnitude of the evil.
The expense of such private or personal legislation
may be inferred when we remember that the Legisla-
ture costs from eleven to twelve hundred dollars per
day; but the value of the time consumed, when the










44



public needs require constant consideration, cannot be
estimated.
Some of the States require a tax or fee to be charged
for all special or private legislation. If a law was at
once passed, requiring a receipt from the Comptroller
of the State. showing that the sum of five hundred
dollars had been paid into the State Treasury before
bills of this character could be introduced, we would
at once have a cessation.
Why have general incorporation laws, if public leg-
islation is to be delayed by continuous special appli-
cations for charters ?
Why hive a general banking law, if the law-making
power is to be constantly appealed to for special and
private acts ?
To repeat: if the general laws are not sufficient, then
make the necessary changes, and let the time of the
Legislature be given to public business. If that time
is claimed for private interests,- then let such interests
contribute to the expense.
SALARIES OF ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS.
Under the present law, the Attorney-General, Comp-
troller and Treasurer each receive a salary of two
thousand dollars; while the Secretary of State, Super-
intendent of Public Instruction and Commissioner of
Agriculture each receive fifteen hundred dollars.
It is difficult to see the wisdom of this distinction,
and I respectfully recommend that the salaries of the
Secretary of State, Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion and Commissioner of Agriculture be placed at
two thousand dollars each, with the proviso that all
fees of every character legally coming to said officials,
be paid into the Treasury each month, and a report of
the amount, properly attested, be filed with the Comp-
troller.
VISITING COMMITTEES.
Several years ago, a bill was introduced in the House
for the purpose of securing appropriate committees to
visit the public institutions of the State before the
meeting of the Legislature. Such legislation would
be wise.
Committees now leave the two Houses during the










45



session for such investigation. The members are thus
taken from their legitimate duties, their examinations
are frequently hasty, and their reports generally re-
ceived too late to secure deserved consideration and
the remedial legislation which they suggest.
If the Board of Commissioners of State Institutions,
or some other authority, was authorized to select com-
mittees from the members of the Senate and Assem-
bly of the elected Legislature, to discharge this duty
between January 1st and April 1st, more thorough ex-
aminations could be made, and desired legislation di-
gested and ready for the consideration of the Legisla-
ture when convened.
OFFICIAL BONDS.
The delays and frequent failures to collect from offi-
cial bonds when an official is delinquent in his settle-
ments with the county and State, have caused many
conservative citizens to suggest that the Constitution
be so amended as to allow the Legislature, under
proper restrictions, to authorize official bonds to be
made by Guarantee Companies who could legally do
business in the State, and have sufficient securities
here to make good their guarantees.
FLORIDA' S RESOURCES.
Numerous calls are made from every section of the
Union, and frequently from foreign lands, for infor-
mation regarding Florida. The State has not had a
publication since 1883 that claimed to give the infor-
mation desired; and county pamphlets, giving the re-
sources, etc., of a few of the counties, have been all
that could be supplied.
Florida is the most resourceful of all the Southern
States, and should have, to meet the pressing demand,
a suitable publication to show the progress already
made and the possibilities presented for development
in the future.
With a small appropriation, I feel confident that a
publication could be secured that would be of material
benefit to the State.
WATER HYACINTHS.
The upper portion of Florida's great river, the St.










46



Johns, has become so infested with the water Hya-
cinths that not only are the large logging and fishing
interests seriously impaired, but navigation is threat-
ened.
Congress will doubtless take steps looking to the
eradication of this aquatic plant, but stringent legisla-
tion upon the part of the State is thought to be re-
quired to prevent the pest from being carried to other
waters in the State.
A bill making it a criminal offense for any person to
transport the plant, or its seed, to any of the waters of
the State, will doubtless receive your attention.
TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL.
The State of Tennessee will celebrate the one hun-
dredth anniversary of her admission into the Union
by an International Exposition, which opens at Nash-
ville on the first of May, and will continue for six
months.
Hon. A. W. Willis, Commissioner General, in his
earnest efforts for the Exposition, expresses the hope
that Florida will appoint a Commission to evidence
the interest felt by our citizens in the welfare of a sis-
ter State, by encouraging and promoting exhibits by
the State, and her citizens, of our commercial, manu-
facturing, industrial, educational and artistic inter-
* ests.
I can but entertain a most friendly feeling for Ten-
nessee in her patriotic efforts to secure an appropriate
celebration, and commend the subject to your favora-
ble consideration.
PEABODY STATUE.
In 1867, Mr. George Peabody left in the hands of
'Trustees a large sum of money to be used for "the ed-
ucational needs of those portions of our beloved
country which have suffered from the destructive rav-
ages and not less disastrous consequences of civil
war."
A generation has passed since this bequest, and more
than $2,500,000.00 has been disbursed among the South-
ern States. Florida has received about $70,000.00,
and the work of aiding these States with their school
systems goes on with increasing benefit.










47



The Legislature of South Carolina, last year, most
patriotically initiated a movement to place in the Statu-
ary Hall of the Federal Capital, among our country's
heroes and statesmen, a statue of Mr. Peabody, in
grateful memory of his great philanthropy.
I have been requested to call the matter to the at-
tention of our Legislature, and ask that Florida par-
ticipate in the work. I do so with great pleasure, feeling
that it is a work which will commend itself to your
gratitude and your patriotism.
PROTECTING FRUIT GROWERS.
Florida is vitally interested in the protection of her
fruit interests, and whatever legislative assistance can
be given in the direction of securing immunity from
insect and fungous pests, should be enacted. Many
of the States have already taken steps in that direction
with the most satisfactory results.
The fruit industries of Florida are destined to be
one of the great monetary resources of the State, and
the growers who, daily, are investing large amounts of
money, labor and skill in the rebuilding and propaga-
tion of these valued interests to the State, both pub-
lic and private, should be both protected and informed
as to the use of the best known means and remedies
against fungous and insect pests.
The necessity of legislation develops when one or
two persons in a neighborhood, as I am informed has
been the case, refuse to destroy infested shrubbery, or
to use remedies to destroy insect pests upon their
citrus trees, and thereby allow their trees or shrubbery,
or both, to become the means of again propagating a
pest detrimental to all.
Legislation is required in such cases, to protect real
fruit growers against the indifference of careless neigh-
bors.
Whether it is better to have a State Entomologist,
under the direction of an administrative officer, or to
place the matter unaer Tne control of the authorities
of the Agricultural College, where there is already a
department to investigate vegetable diseases and insect
pests, is worthy of your consideration.
A bill will doubtless be presented by a committee
of .the State Horticultural Society looking to a proper










48



protection of our fruit interests, and will of course
receive the attention its importance merits.
In the same law, and through the same agency, pro-
vision could be made to secure adequate protection
against the careless apiarist, and save the honey pro-
ducers from the ravages of diseases destructive to this
interest.
Florida now produces hundreds of tons of honey,
and as much as forty-one thousand pounds has been
taken from 116 colonies. In addition, great quantities
of the finest bees-wax is secured, and a large interest
promised in shipping queens to the North. The busi-
ness is capable of great development if proper steps
are taken to encourage it.
The leading honey producing States of the Union,
as well as Canada, have laws looking to its encourage-
ment and protection, and the subject is worthy of
your earnest consideration.
APPORTIONMENT.
I respectfully call your attention to Section 3, Arti-
cle VII of the Constitution, which requires that the-
Legislature which meets in 1887, "and those that shall
meet every ten years thereafter, shall apportion the
representation in the Senate, the whole number of
Senators not to exceed thirty-two members; and at the
same time shall also apportion the representation in
the House of Representatives, the whole number of
representatives not to exceed sixty-eight members.
The representation in the House of Representatives
shall be apportioned among the several counties as
nearly as possible according to population; provided,
each county shall have one representative at large in
the House of Representatives, and no county shall
have more than three representatives."
TERMS OF CIRCUIT COURTS.
In two counties of the Fourth Judicial Circuit it was-
not thought necessary to hold the regular Spring term.
No interest would have suffered, and a large expense both,
to the counties and the State would have been saved. An,
examination of the law, however, seemed to render it the
"duty of the judge to be present and hold such courts.
It would be well to authorize the judge of a Circuit










49



Court, upon recommendation by the County Commission-
ers and approval by the Governor, to dispense with a term
of the court in any county in his circuit.
It is of course a useless expenditure of money to hold a
term of court where there is no necessity for the same;
and while the occasions may be few, yet such a law would
be in the interest of a proper economy.
UNIFORMITY OF LEGISLATION IN THE UNITED STATES.
The Legislature of 1895 authorized the Governor to
appoint three Commissioners for the promotion of uni-
formity of legislation in the United States, and Messrs.
R. W. Williams. Jno. C. Avery and Louis C. Massey
were appointed under said authority.
These gentlemen attended a conference of similarly
appointed Commissioners at Detroit, Michigan, in Au-
gust, 1895.
At that conference, a uniform bill relating to nego-
tiable instruments was prepared and submitted to each
Commissioner in the respective States, and others spe-
cially qualified to criticise it, and afterwards submitted
to the ensuing conference of Commissioners held at
Saratoga, New York, in August, 1896.
After thorough revision, the bill was agreed upon by
the Commissioners on Uniform Law from thirty States,
and recommended for adoption by the several States
of the Union.
In their report, the Florida Commissioners state that
the "act makes very few changes in the laws of this
State, and in the Statute law only one it is believed,
and that relating to the day of presentment, changing
the same from the day 'preceding' to the day 'suc-
ceeding' a holiday." "To obtain the desired advan-
tage of uniformity in the law, it is necessary that this
bill should become a law without change and that all
inconsistent statutes of this State should be repealed."
Aside from the great practical benefits in all the
business relations of life, nothing tends more strongly
to unite the people of an entire country than the ex-
pression in uniform laws of a common civilization.
The bill will be placed before the Legislature, and I
commend it to your careful consideration.
4










50



INCREASING LI ISOLATION.
The progress of science, the development of invention
and the pressing questions of social life have largely ang-
-mented the claims upon the commonwealth for additional
safeguardss and give evidence of a broader field and larger
labors for the lawmakers of the respective States.
The modern civilization calls upon the State not only to
,protect persons and property from violence, but as far as
possible from accident; to enforce municipal hygiene and
protect with adequate quarantine; to save the public health
from impure water and adulterated food; to check the dis-
asters flowing from the use of adulterated drugs, alcoholic
missuse and vicious stimulants; to see that the farmer,
truit grower, and gardener are not imposed upon in the
:purchase of fertilizers, and that the formulas of the best
insecticides be furnished and their use enforced; to ex-
ercise a scrutiny over institutions where the citizen may
-deposit his earnings; to demand that private corporations
-asking public confidence and patronage are not fraudu-
lently conducted; to see that other quasi public corpora-
tions receiving exclusive privileges shall give adequate re-
turn in good and reasonable service; to support courts of
justice and restrain the vicious while offering opportunities
,of reformation to the youthful criminal; to secure schools
-with proper sanitary regulations for the preparation of the
teacher as well as the education of the pupil; to assist the
needy soldier suffering from the wounds or hardships of
service; to furnish asylums for the afflicted, institutes for
the unfortunate, homes for the orphan, shelter for the aged,
refuge for the fallen.
INCREASING EXPENDITURES.
Increasing expenditures are annually required for these
growing demands, and when to these are added the vast
amounts for insurance, municipal governments and the
taxation by the Federal Government (none the less bur-
densome because collected indirectly), we begin to appre-
ciate the sacrifice that tax-payers are called upon to-
m ake.
Florida with taxable resources, as assessed for 1896, of
-$95,389,966.00 pays for the support of the Federal Govern-
anent about $3,500,000.00 annually.
During the year 1896 there was paid for insurance to










51

companies authorized to do business in the State $1,239,-
028.43. The losses during the same period were $249,-
795.45. This does not embrace the vast sums that go out
of the State to various building and loan and investment
companies, or to insurance companies not authorized to d
business in the State.
The receipts of life insurance companies alone from this
State for 1896 were $587,741.38, while the losses only
amounted to $65,063.79. More money was paid by the
citizens of the State for life insurance during the last year
than was collected from the State tax and the license tax
combined.
With these growing demands and enormous expendi-
tures increased proportionately in the other States of the
Inion, do we wonder that the demand goes out that all
wealth should bear its just proportion of taxation, and
that many students of political economy are asking if the
avenues to public revenue can not be legitinlately ex-
tended to other channels.
REiPORTS OF DEPARTMENTS.
I have tile honor of transmitting herewith reports from
the various departments, treating more fully of all the de-
tails connected with the operations of the State govern-
ment for the last two years. These reports should receive
careful examination, as they treat upon many important
questions, and give a variety of information that it is
impossible as well as unnecessary to embrace in this mes-
sage.
I also transmit reports of all cases of fines or forfeitures
remitted, and reprieves, pardons or commutations granted.
Trusting that your official actions may, under the
guidance of an All-Wise Providence, further tend to the
development and prosperity of the State, I have the honor
to remain,
Very respectfully,
W. D. BLOXHAM.










52



Mr. Wall of Putnam moved that each memberr of the House
be furnished with a copy of the Governor's message;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Morgan of Hamilton offered the following:
House Resolution No. 14:
Resolved, That the Speaker of the House direct the Ju-
diciary Committee to inquire into the advisability of amend-
ing the State Constitution so as to permit State and county
officials to give bond in what are known as guarantee com-
panies, and, in case they deem such change advisable, to re-
port as early as practicable a joint resolution to that effect;
Which was read and laid over under the rules.
Mr. Christie of Leon offered the following:
House Concurrent Resolution No. 15:
Resolved, the Senate concurring, That a committee of two
from the House, and one from the Senate, be appointed to
investigate the State Insane Asylum at Chattahoochee, and
make report to their respective bodies as soon as convenient;
Which was read.
Mr. Christie moved that the rules be waived and that Reso-
lution No. 15 be adopted;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Christie moved for a reconsideration of the previous
question and moved to lay the motion for reconsideration upon
the table;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. McCreary of Alachua offered the following:
House Joint Resolution No. 16:
Be it resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida,
That two hundred indexed copies of the Constitution of the
State of Florida, with all amendments thereto, be printed for
the use of this Legislature, and that 5,000 additional copies
be printed and deposited in the office of the Secretary of
State for the use of the public;
Which was laid over under the rules.
The Chair appointed Messrs. Ayer of Marion, Carlisle of
Alachua, on Resolution No. 13.
Mr. Wall of Putnam offered the following:
House Resolution No. 17:
Resolved, That no one be allowed to smoke in the Hall of
Representatives while the Legislature is in session.
Mr. Wall moved that the resolution be adopted;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Christie offered the following:
House Resolution No. 18:
Resolved, That the Chief Clerk have printed two hundred













copies of a calendar of bills and joint resolutions foc the use
of its members from day to day, and that the Chief Clerk be
authorized to employ such assistance as may he necessary to
prepare the daily calendar, and shall receive $150 for such
service;
Which was adopted.
Mr. Fielding of Suwannee offered the following:
House Resolution No. 19:
Resolved, That a committee be appointed to investigate and
report the condition of the State Agricultural College at Lake
City and State Normal College at White Springs and convict
camp of the State;
Which was laid .over under the rules.
Mr. Turner of Citrus offered the following:
House Resolution No. 20:
Resolved, That a committee be appointed to visit and in-
vestigate the Blind, Deaf and Dumb Institute at St. Angus-
tine;
Which was laid over under the rules.
Mr. Wall of Bradford offered the following:
House Joint Resolution No. 21:
A Resolution Relative to the Appointment of a Commit-
tee to Investigate the State Convicts, Camps or Stockades
Where Convicts Are Kept, and to Investigate Treatment of
State Convicts.
Resolved, That a committee, consisting of three from the
Senate and six from the House of Representatives, be ap-
pointed to investigate and examine each Camp or Stockade,
where State convicts are kept and worked, and to investigate
the treatment of State convicts, and to examine and report
as to any abuses or mistreatment of State convicts,.and re-
port the same at an early day as practicable.
Said committee to have power to divide itself into sub-
committees and to employ a clerk or stenographer, if neces-
sary;
Which was laid over under the rules.
Mr. Robertson of Washington offered the following:
House Resolution No. 22:
Be it resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to
investigate the State Agricultural College at Lake City and
report as early as practicable;
Which was laid over under the rules.
Mr. Morgan of Putnam offered the following:
Notice is hereby'given that motion will be made tomorrow
to reconsider the committal of the matter of J. W. Burnsad
to the Committee on Privileges and Elections.














Upon motion of Dr. Pelot of Manatee, the House ad-
journed until 10 o'clock tomorrow morning.


----------


THURSDAY, APRIL 8, 1897.

The House met pursuant to adjournment.
The Speaker in the chair.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Ayer, Baggett, Baker, Ballentine,
Bates, Bennett, Blanton, Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Carter,
Chaires, Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis,
Frisbee, Fielding, Fulton, Hardee, Harris, Hendry of Lee,
Hendry of Taylor, Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCall, Mc-
Creary, Mobley, Morgan of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam,
Owens, Pelot, Pedrick, Pope, Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice,
Richborg, Robertson, Rouse, Shepard of Liberty, Shepherd
of Orange, Spencer, Stanford, Stockton, Street, Thayer,
Turner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson,
Whitner, Williams, Wilson, Wolff, Young and Zewadski-66.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the ( I.il..ii,.
Mr. Sloan of Lake was excused on account of sickness.
The Speaker announced that the House would work under
the Rules of the last Legislature until further ordered.
The Speaker reported the following Standing Committees:
STANDING COMMITTEES.
JUDICIARY.
HARRIS of Monroe, Chairman.
POPE of Duval, WHITNER of Orange,
ZEWADSKI of Marion, LAMAR of Jefferson,
MORGAN of Putnam, CARLISLE of Alachua,
YOUNG of Hillsborough, STANFORD of DeSoto..
FINANCE AND TAXATION.
CHRISTIE of Leon, Chairman.
STOCKTON of Duval, CANTY of Gadsden,
SHEPHERD of Orange, WATSON of Osceola,
HYER of Escambia, BAKER of Sumter,
FULTON of Hernando, RAWLS of Jackson.











5.5

COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION.

BALLENTINE of Nassau, Chairman.



ELLIS of Santa Rosa,
YOUNG of Hillsborough,
HARRIS of Monroe,



RICE of Franklin,
BAGGETT of Escambia,.
DEES of Lafayette.



RAILROADS AND TELEGRAPH.

LEWIS of Jackson, Ciairman.



OWENS of Lake,
AYER of Marion,
WHITNER of Orange,



DEES of Lafayette,
YOUNG of Hillsborough.
STOCKTON of Duval.



CORPORATIONS.
WATSON of Osceola, Chairman.
DYAL of Nassau, TURNER of Citrus,
STREET of Volusia, McC'I:I. \lY of Alachua,
MOBLEY of Suwannee, CRUMPTON of Levy.

CONSTITUTIONAL AMfENDMENTS.
ZEWADSKI of Marion, Chairman.
POPE of Duval, YOUNG of Hillsborough,.
MORGAN of Putnam, STANFORD of DeSoto.
MINING AND PHOSPIATE.
FULTON of Hernando, Chairman.
CARLISLE of Alachua, COX of Polk,
PEDRICK of Pasco, FRISBEE of Clay,
RICHBORG of Walton, ROBERTSON of Washington.



PUBLIC PRINTING.



McCREARY of
ROUSE of Wakulla,
POTTER of Dade,
COBB of Santa Rosa,



Alachua, Chairman.
BETHEL of Monroe,
HARDEE of Brevard,
SPENCER of Calhoun.



ENGROSSED BILLS.
ELLIS of Santa Rosa, Chairman.
COX of Polk, AYER of Marion,
CHAIRES of Leon, BAKER of Sumter,
MORGAN of Hamilton, WILLIAMS of Holmes.











56



ENROLLED BILLS.

TURNER of Citrus, Chairman.



STOCKTON of Duval,
LINTON of Madison,



POTTER of Dade,
WARD of Bradford.



STATE INSTITUTIONS.

WIIITNER of Orange, Chairman.



CHRISTIE of Leon,
COX of Polk,
PEDRICK of Pasco,



HENDRY of Lee,
RICIIBORG of Walton,
SHEPARD of Liberty.
PUBLIC LANDS.



OWENS of Lake, Chairman.
CHAIRS of Leon, RICHBORG of Walton,
BUNCH of Columbia, FRISBEE of Clay,
WILLIAMS of Holmes, WILSON of St. Johns.
MILITIA AND STATE TROOPS.
YOUNG of Hillsborough, Chairman.
BALLENTINE of Nassau, WALL of Putnam,
"WHITNER of Orange, SHEPARD of Liberty.

PRIVILEGES AND ELECTIONS.
TIIAYER of Yolusia, Chairman.



HYER of Escambia,
HARRIS of Monroe,
CHAIRS of Leon,



FIELDING of Suwannee,
OWENS of Lake,
BLANTON of Madison.



EDUCATION.
CARLISLE of Alachua, Chairman.
STREET of Volusia, PEDRICK of Pasco,
AYER of Marion, REGISTER of Hamilton,
LEWIS of Jackson, BETHEL of Monroe,
DYAL of Nassau, BATES of Gadsden.

PUBLIC ROADS AND HGIIGHWAYS.
SLOAN of Lake, Chairman.
DYAL of Nassau, CRUMPTON of Levy,
McCALL of Hillsborough, SPENCER of Calhoun,
MOBLEY of Suwannee, LINTON of Madison.











57



CLAIMS.
PEDRICK of Pasco, Chairman.
WALL of Putnam, FRISBEE of Clay,
BETHEL of Monroe, BLANTON of Madison,
LAMAR of Jefferson, DUPREE of Columbia,
ROUSE of Wakulla.



CITY AND COUNTY ORGANIZATIONS.
ROBERTSON of Washington, Chairman.



CHRSTIE of Leon,
CANTY of Gadsden,
ELLIS of Santa Rosa,



HENDRY of Lee,
SHEPHERD of Orange,
SLOAN of Lake.



AGRICULTURE.
BATES of Gadsden, Chairman.
SHEPHERD of Orange, REGISTER of Hamilton,
WALL of Bradford, BUNCH of Columbia,
CHRISTIE of Leon, RAWLS of Jackson,
TURNER of Citrus,
IIInGRATION.
MORGAN of Putnam, ('CI,. ..!I..



TURNER of Citrus,
STANFORD of DeSoto,
THAYER of Volusia,



BAGGETT of Escambia,
WALL of Bradford,
CARTER of St. Johns.



INDIAN AFFAIRS.
PELOT of Manatee, Chairman.
HENDRY of Lee, POTTER of Dade,
WATSON of Osceola, HARDEE of Brevard.
CANALS AND DRAINAGE.
HENDRY of Lee, Chairman.
STREET of Volusia, WARD of Bradford,
PELOT of Manatee, WATSON of Osceola,
LINTON of Madison, FIELDING of Suwannee.
STATE PENSIONS.
WALL of Putnam, Chairman.



COBB of Santa Rosa,
MOBLEY of Suwannee,
McCALL of Hillsborough,



WILSON of St. Johns,
ROUSE of Wakulla,
BLANTON of Madison,











58



APPROPRIA TIONS.

LAMAR of Jefferson, Chairman.



WATSON of Osceola,
SHEPHERD of Orange,



REGISTER of Hamilton,
CHRISTIE of Leon.



FISHE3,IES.

RICE of Franklin, Chairman.



THAYER of Volusia,
OWENS of Lake,
BAGGETT of Escambia,



McCALL of Iillsborough,
CARTER of St. Johns,
BUNCH of Columbia.



PUBLIC .HEALTH.
HYER of Escambia, Chairman.



HARRIS of Monroe,
RICE of Franklin,
BALLENTINE of Nassau,



PELOT of Manatee,
COBB of Santa Rosa,
YOUNG of Hillsborough.



TEMPERANCE.
FIELDING, of Suwannee, Chairman.
RAWLS of Jackson, SITEPARD of Liberty,
BLANTON of Madison, CRUMPTON of Levy,
BATES of Gadsden, DUPREE of Columbia.

CENSUS.
WARD of Bradford, Chairman.
ROBERTSON of Washington, HENDRY of Taylor,
WILLIAMS of Holmes, DEES of Lafayette,
SPENCER of Calhoun.

RULES.
POPE of Duval, Chairman.



LINTON of Madison.
ZEWADSKI of Marion,



SLOAN of Lake,
WALL of Bradford.



UNFINISIIED BUSINESS.
MORGAN of Hamilton, Chairman.
ROBERTSON of Washington, LEWIS of Jackson,
FULTON of Hernando, BAKER of Sumter.













JOURNALS.
BAKER of Sumter, Chairman.
TURNER of Citrus, McCREARY of Alachua,
ELLIS of Santa Rosa, MORGAN of Hamilton.

LEGISLATIVE EXPENSES.
CANTY of Gadsden, Chairman.
WALL of Putnam, HYER of Escambia,
STOCKTON of Duval, MORGAN of Hamilton,
FULTON of Hernando, WARD of Bradford.
Mr. Hendry of Lee made the following motion;
That the Speaker appoint a Special Committee on Game;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Whitner of Orange offered the following:
House Concurrent Resolution No. 22:
Resolved by the House, the Senate concurring, That a com-
mittee of five (three from the House and two from the Sen-
ate) be appointed to consider and report on the subject of a
new legislative apportionment for the State;
Which was laid over under the rules.
Mr. Stanford of DeSoto offered the following:
House Concurrent Resolution No. 23:
Whereas, On the 14th day of January, 1897, the Mer-
chants' National Bank of Ocala, Fla., suspended; and
Whereas, The Treasurer of the State of Florida is said to
have had deposited in said bank at the time it suspended
about .1.iI1i of the State's money; and
Whereas, The securities for the payment of said deposit
being said to be of questionable value; be it hereby
Resolved, the Senate concurring, That a special committee,
consisting of three from the House and two from the Senate,
be appointed to investigate-
First-How much of the State's money is deposited in the
said suspended Merchants' National Bank of Ocala.
Second-The nature and actual value of the securities held
by the Treasurer to secure the payment of said deposit.
Third-The ability of said suspended bank to pay part or
all of the deposit.
Fourth-The nature and value of the Treasurer's bond to
the State and the ability of the bondsmen to pay the loss if
there should be any loss.
Fifth-Any and all other resources, if any, to which the
State of Florida can look to for security or payment of this
money.











60



Said committee in these investigations to have the power to
send for persons and papers; said committee to have the
power to employ such experts and clerical aid as will enable
them to make a thorough investigation, said investigation to
be made as promptly as possible, and reported promptly and
in full to both Houses of the Legislature;
Which was laid over under the rules.
Mr. Carlisle of Alachua offered the following:
House Joint Resolution No. 24:
Resolved, the Senate concurring, That a committee consist-
ing of three (3) on the part of the House and two (2) on the
part of the Senate be appointed to investigate the books,
records and accounts of the Internal Improvement Fund of
Florida since the 1st day of May, A. D. 1893, and that they
make a report thereof, and
Resolved also, That said committee be empowered to employ
such clerical aid as may be necessary;
Which was laid over under the rules.
Mr. Christie of Leon offered the following:
House Resolution No. 25:
Resolved, That the Committee on Privileges and Elections,
to which the matter of Mr. Burnsad's seat was referred, be
required to make their report in this case by 12 M. Friday, the
9th of April, without fail;
Which was read and ad opted.
Mr. Cox of Polk moved that the courtesies of the House be
extended to Messrs. T. L. Wilson and R. C. Langford of
Polk:
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Christie of Leon moved that the courtesies of the
House be extended to MIy,.r R. A. Shine of Tallahassee;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Hendry of Taylor offered the following:
Resolved, That the time of meeting of the daily sessions
of the House shall be 9:30 a. m. and 2:30 p. m.
Mr. Hardee of Brevard offered the following amendment:
From 9:30 to 9 a. m. and from 2:30 to 2 p. m.
Mr. Wall of Putnam offered the following amendment to
the amendment:
Until further ordered by the House.
Mr. lobertson of Washington offered the following substi-
tute to the amendment as amended:
Amend so as to read 9 o'clock A. M. to 3 o'clock P. M.
Mr. Wall of Putnam moved to lay the substitute upon the
table;
Which was not agreed to.










61



Mr. Wall of Putnam moved that the substitute as amended
be adopted;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Whitner of Orange offered the following:
Moved, That a vote of thanks be given Mayor Shine for
the tender of committee rooms during the session;
Which as agreed to.
By request of Mr. Wolff of Polk the Cha r excused him
from all of the standing and joint committees.
Mr. Thayer of Volusia offered the following:
Moved, That the Committee on Game be made a standing
committee for the session.
Mr. Christie of Leon offered the following amendment:
A committee of five.
Mr. Christie moved that the motion as amended be
adopted;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Morgan of Hamilton offered the fol owing resolution:
Resolved, That the members of the House have the privi-
lege of extending to their visiting friends the courtesies of
the floor.
Mr. Wall of Putnam moved to lay the motion on the table;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Whitner of Orange moved that the courtesies of the
House be extended to the Hon. Robert McNamee of Lake;
Which was agreed to.
Upon motion of Mr. Morgan of Hamilton the courtesies of
the House were extended to Mr. J. D. Tuten of Hamilton.

INTRODUCTION OF BILLS.

By Mr. McCreary of Alachua:
House Bill No. 1:
To be entitled an act to provide for the redemption and
relief of lands sold for taxes for which the same were not
legally liable,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Judiciary.
By Mr. McCreary of Alachua:
House Bill No. 2:
To be entitled an act to regulate the holding of political
primary elections in Alachua county for the nomination of
delegates to political conventions or of candidates for any
elective office under the laws of this State,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Privileges and Elections.












By Mr. McCreary of Alachua:
House Bill No. 3:
To be entitled an act to amend sections 2, 3, 4, 6, 10,
11, 12, 22, 24, 25, 26, 30, 37, 40, 60, 61, of an act entitled an
act to provide for the registration of all legally qualified
voters in the several counties of the State, and to provide for
general and special elections and for the returns of elections.
Approved May 25, 1895,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Privileges and Elections.
By Mr. McCreary of Alachua:
Joint Resolution No. 4:
Proposing an amendment to section 35 of article 5 of the
Constitution of the State of Florida relating to the establish-
ment of courts in this State,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Constitutional Amendments.
By Mr. Wall of Bradford:
House Bill No. 5:
To be entitled an act transferring all certificates issued to
State for unpaid taxes on lands which are now in the hands
of Commissioner of Agriculture under chapter 4011 Laws of
Florida to the custody of the State Treasurer, and providing
for the redemption and sale of such lands,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Pope of Duval:
House Bill No. 6:
To be entitled an act to establish a County Court in Duval
county, Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Pope of Duval:
House Bill No. 7:
To be entitled an act to regulate admissions to the bar of
this State; to create a Board of Legal Examiners, and to pro-
vide for a uniform system of legal examinations,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Pope of Duval:
House Bill No. 71:
To be entitled an act to amend section 1745, Revised
Statutes of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.










63



By Mr. Pope of Duval:
House.Bill No. 8:
To be entitled an act to amend section 1730, Revised
Statutes of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the- Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Stockton of Duval:
House Bill No. 9:
To be entitled an act to provide for the regulation of rail-
road schedules, freights and passenger tariffs and building of
freight and passenger depots in this State, to prevent unjust
discrimination in the rates charged for the transportation of
passengers and freights, and to prohibit railroad companies,
corporations, persons and all common carriers in this State
from charging other than just and reasonable rates and to
furnish the same and to prescribe a mode of procedure and
rules of evidence in relation thereto, and to appoint commis-
sioners and prescribe their duties and powers,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Railroads and Telegraphs.
By Mr. Stockton of Duval:
House Bill No. 10:
To be entitled an act to prohibit any railroad or other trans-
portation company or any officer or official thereto from con-
tril uting any money or free transportation to persons or po-
litical parties for political purposes, and provide penalties for
the violation thereof,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Young of Hillsborough:
House Bill No. 11:
To be entitled an act to amend section 350, chapter 1, under
title 6 of the Revised Statutes of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Young of Hillsborough:
House Bill No. 12:
To be entitled an act to give unto the Florida Central and
Peninsular Railroad Company the power of eminent domain
and the right to condemn property between Plant City, in
Hillsborough county, Florida, and the city of Tampa and the
waters of Hillsborough river and Hillsborough bay, in said
county and State,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.










64



By Mr. Owens of Lake:
House Bill No. 13:
To be entitled an act to provide for the regulation of rail-
road freight and passenger tariff, the location and building of
passenger and freight depots in this State, to prevent unjust
discrimination in the rates charged for transportation of pas-
sengers and freights and storage of freights, and to prohibit
railroad companies, corporations from charging other than
reasonable rates, and to prescribe a mode of procedure and
rules of evidence in relation thereto and to appoint commis-
sioners and to prescribe their power and duties in relation to
the same,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Railroads and Telegraphs.
By-Mr. Blanton of Madison:
House Bill No. 14:
To be entitled an act to limit and define the time that shall
constitute Rule days, and to limit and specify the time in
which appearance and defaults and judgments may be en-
tered,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Blanton of Madison:
House Bill No. 15:
To be entitled an act to fix an equitable rate of interest, to
define usurious contracts and to prohibit such contracts by
providing suitable penalties,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Zewadski of Marion:
House Bill No. 16:
To be entitled an act to repeal an act entitled to provide
for the payment of attorney's fees in garnishee cases before
Justices of the Peace and County Judges,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Zewadski of Marion:
House Bill No. 17:
To be entitled an act to postpone the sale of property in
the collection of taxes for the year 1896,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Ayer of Marion:
House Bill No. 18:
To be entitled an act to repeal section 2, chapter 4186, of











65



Laws of 1893, requiring marks of sheep and hogs to be
recorded,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee. '
By Mr. Ayer of Marion:
House Bill No. 19:
To be entitled an act providing how public printing in
counties shall be done,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Public Printing.
By Mr. Harris of Monroe:
House Bill No. 20:
To be entitled an act to provide for the municipal officers of
the city of Key West, a municipal corporation existing in the
county of Monroe, Florida, to prescribe their terms of office,
provide for their election and appointment and regulate their
compensation, and to repeal sections 2 and 3 of chapter num-
ber 3966, Laws of Florida, and amendments thereto,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
City and County Organizations.
By Mr. Harris of Monroe:
House Bill No. 21:
To be entitled an act to protect and encourage the artificial
growth of sponges within the waters of the State, and con-
ceding certain riparian rights to those engaged therein, and to
prescribe a license for certain cases,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Harris of Monroe:
House Bill No. 22:
To be entitled an act to regulate the manner of apprehend-
ing deserting seamen,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Finance and Taxation.
By Mr. Harris of Monroe:
House Bill No. 23:
To be entitled an act prescribing a penalty for landing sick
seamen or paupers in the sea ports of the State of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Harris of Monroe:
House Bill No. 24:
To be entitled an act prescribing a remedy in cases of illegal
or excessive tax assessments,
5











66



Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
:mittee.
By Mr. Hairris of Monroe:
House Bill No. 25:
To be entitled an act to provide for the redemption and
cancellation of tax sale certificates held by the State for taxes
,due for the year 1895 and previous years,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
"Finance and Taxation.
By Mr. Harris of Monroe:
House Bill No. 26:
To be entitled an act to repeal section 6 of chapter 8966,
Taws of Florida, entitled an act to establish the municipality
of Key West, provide for its government and prescribe its
jurisdiction and powers; all amendments to said section; pro-
vide for the payment of bonds issued under the provisions of
said section and to prescribe the manner in which new bonds
"be issued,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
City and County Organization.
By Mr. Harris of Monroe:
House Bill No. 27:
To be entitled an act to regulate tlhe sale of spirituous,
vin)ous and malt liquors, to provide penalties for violations of
lie same, and to repeal sections 865, 866,*867, 868 and 869,
chapter 9, Revised Statutes of Florida, relating to petitions
and permits of applicants for license as dealers,
\\ as read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Temperance.
By Mr. Harris of Monroe:
House Bill No. 28:
To be entitled an act for the relief of George W. Reynolds,
ex-tax collector of the county of Monroe, State of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Claims.
By Mr. Harris of Monroe:
House Bill No. 29:
To be entitled an act to amend section 11 of an act supple-
mentary to an act entitled an act to establish the municipality
of Key West, provide for its government, and prescribe its
jurisdiction and powers, approved) May 16, 1889; and to ex-
tend the powers of said municipality, approved May 25, 1895,
"Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
nittee.
By Mr. Harris of Monroe:
House Bill No. 30:













To be entitled an act to require all taxes on lands sold for
partition to be paid out of the purchase money,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Finance and Taxation.
By Mr. '.1, i h. 1.1 of Orange:
House Bill No. 31:
To be entitled an act for the preservation of wild deer,
)irds and other game. to prescribe the time within which thoy
may be killed, to prohibit the sale thereof and to provide for
payment of a license tax to kill game,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
By Mr. Cox of Polk:
House Bill No. 39:
To be entitled an act to amend sections 3 and 4, chapter
4:34 Laws of Florida, entitled an act to establish at Bartow,
Florida, the South Florida Military and Educational Institute,
and provide an appropriation therefore, approved May 29,
1895,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
State Institutions.
By Mr. Cox of Polk:
House Bill No. 40:
To be entitled an act to amend section 47 of chapter 4328
Acts of 1895,
Was read the first time and .referred to the Committee on
Constitutional Amendments.
By Mr. Cox of Polk:
House Bill No. 34:
To be entitled an act to permit the seining of lakes in cer-
tain cases,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Fisheries.
By Mr. Cox of Polk:
House Bill No. 35:
To be entitled an act for the relief of dentists,
"Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Finance and Taxation.
By Mr. Cox of Polk:
House Joint Resolution No. 36:
Proposing an amendment to section 13, article 16, of the
Constitution of the State of Florida, relating to the making of
official bonds,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Constitutional Amendments.










68



By Mr. Cox of Polk:
House Bill No. 37:
To he entitled an act to issue teachers' certificates in certain
cases,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Education.
By Mr. Rice of Franklin:
House Bill No. 38:
To be entitled an act for the better protection of live stock,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Agriculture.
By Mr. Whitner of Orange:
House Bill No. 32:
To be entitled an act to amend section 13, of chapter 4346,
of the Laws of Florida, being an act entitled an act to define
and declare what shall be deemed nuisances injurious to
health, and to provide for the removal thereof and punishment
herefor,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Whitner of Orange:
House Bill No. 40:
To be entitled an act relating to negotiable instruments,
being an act to establish a law uniform with the laws of other
States on that subject,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
BILLS ON SECOND READING.

House Joint Resolution No. 1:
Proposing a committee to investigate the books, records,
and accounts of the Commissioner of Agriculture,
Was read the second time and put upon its passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Ayer, Baggett, Baker, Ballen-
tine, Bates, Blanton, Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Chaires, Christie,
Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee, Fielding,
Hardee, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor, Lamar, Lewis,
Linton, McCall, McCreary, Mobley, Morgan of Hamilton,
Owens, Pelot, Pedrick, Pope, Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice,
Richborg, Robertson, Rouse, Shepard, Shepherd, Spencer,
Stanford, Stockton, Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of Brad-
ford, Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Williams,
Wilson, Wolff, Young and Zewadski-60.











69



Nays-None.
So the resolution passed as read.
Mr. Robertson of Washington moved to withdraw the
following resolution:
Resolved, the Senate concurring, That a committee con-
sisting of two on the part of the Senate and three from the
'House be appointed to investigate the books, records and
*accounts of the Commissioner of Agriculture, and they are
authorized to employ such clerical aid as will enable them to
make thorough investigation;
Which was agreed to.
The Chair requested that the testimony in the contesting
case of Byrnes vs. Carter of St. Johns be referred to the Com-
mittee on Privileges and Elections.
House Joint Resolution No. 6:
Proposing a committee to investigate the books, records
.and accounts of the Treasurer's office,
Was read the second time and put upon its passage-
The vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Ayer, Baggett; Baker, Ballen-
tine, Bates, Blanton, Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Carter, Chaires,
Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee,
Fielding, Hardee, Harris, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor,
Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCall, McCreary, Mobley, Mor-
gan of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick,
Polk, Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg, Robertson,
Rouse, Shepard, Shepherd, Spencer, Stanford, Stockton,
Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of Putnam,
Ward, Watson, Williams, Wilson, Wolff, Young and Zewad-
ski-62.
Nays-None.
So the resolution passed as read.
House Joint Resolution No. 7:
Proposing a committee to investigate the books, records and
accounts of the Treasurer's and Comptroller's office,
Was read the second time as amended and put upon its
passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Ayer, Baggett, Baker, Bal-
lentine, Bates, Bethel, Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Carter, Chaires,
Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee,
Fielding, Fulton, Hardee, Harris, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of
Taylor, Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCall, McCreary, Mob-
ley, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick, Pope, Potter,
Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg, Robertson, Rouse, Shepard,
Shepherd, Spencer, Stanford, Stockton, Street, Thayer,










70



Turner, Wall of Bradford, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Williams,..
Wilson, Wolff, Young and Zewadski-62.
Nays-None.
So the resolution passed as amended.
Mr. Dees of Lafayette asked to withdraw:
House Joint Resolution No. 3:
Resolved, the Senate concurring, That a committee con-
sisting of three on the part of the House and two from the
Senate be appointed to investigate the books, records and
accounts of the Commissioner of Agriculture, and they are
authorized to employ such clerical aid as will enable them to
make thorough investigation;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Shepherd of Orange asked to withdraw-
House Joint Resolution No. 8:
Resolved, That a committee consisting of three from the
House and two from the Senate be appointed to examine the
books and records of the office of the Commissioner of Agri-
culture, and they be allowed such clerical aid as they find nec-
essary;
"Which was agreed to.
Mr. Wall of Bradford asked to withdraw-
House Joint Resolution No. 10:
Resolved by the House of' Represe,.tatives the Senate con-
,i,',N.', That a committee of two from the House to act with
a similar committee from the Senate be appointed to investi-
gate the books and papers in the Land Office, and employ.
such clerical aid as may be necessary;
Which was agreed to.
House Joint Resolution No. 16:
Proposing that 200 copies of the Constitution of the State'
of Florida be printed for the use of the Legislature,
Was read the second time and put upon its passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Ayer, Baggett, Baker, Ballen-
tine, Bates, Bethel, Blanton, Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Carter,
Chaires, Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis,.
Frisbee, Fi.-l.l..i. Fulton, Hardee, Harris, Hendry of Lee,
Hendry of Taylor, Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCreary,
Mobley, Morgan of Hamilton, 3[..cr.m of Putnam, Owens,
Pelot, Pedrick, Pope, Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg,,
Robertson, Rouse, Shepard, Shepherd, Spencer, Stanford,,
Stockton, Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of Putnam, Ward,,
Watson, Whitner, Williams, Wilson, Wolff, Young and Ze-
wadski-63.
Nays-None.










71



So the resolution passed as read.
On motion of Mr. Hardee of Brevard the House took a re-
cess until 3 o'clock P. M.



"3 O'CLOCK P. M.
The House resumed its session.
The roll being called the following members answered to-
their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Aver, Baggett, Baker, Ballentine,
Bates, Bethel, Blanton, Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, ( i.'..--, Chris-
tie, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee, Fielding,
Fulton, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor, Hyer, Lamar,
Lewis, Linton, McCall, McCreary, Mobley, Morgan of Hamil-
ton. Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick, Pope, Potter,.
Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg, Robertson, Rouse, Shepard,
Shepherd, Spencer, Stanford, Stockton, Street, Thayer, Tur-
ner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson,,
Whitner, Williams, Wilson, Wolff, Young and Zewadski-59..
A quorum present.
Mr. Fielding of Suwannee offered the following:
House Joint Resolution No. 27:
Concurrent Resolution for the appointment of a committee to
visit the Florida Agricultural College:
Resolved, by the House of Representatives, the Senate con-
curring, That a committee to consist of three (3) members of
the House and of two (2) members of the Senate shall be ap-
pointed, and that it shall be the duty of such committee to
visit the Florida Agricultural College at LaKe City and ex-
amine into and report upon the condition of the same, and make
such recommendations as to such college as shall be deemed
advisable, and that such committee shall have power to employ
a clerk if necessary;
Which was read.
Mr. Robertson of Washington moved that the rules be.
waived, and that House Joint Resolution No. 27 be put upon.
its second reading;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Christie offered the following amendment to the reso-
lution:
Substitute two from House and one from Senate;
Which was adopted.
Mr. Wall of Putnam offered the following amendment:.










72



Substitute stations at DeFuniak and Fort Myers;
Which was adopted.
Mr. Wall of Putnam moved that the resolution be put
upon its passage.
Upon which the vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Ayer, Baggett, Baker, Ballen-
tine, Bates, Bethel, Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Carter, Chaires,
Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis,
Frisbee, Fielding, Fulton, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor,
Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCall, McCreary, Mobley,
Morgan ot Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot,
Pedrick, Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg, Robertson,
Rouse, Shepard, Shepherd, Spencer, Stanford, Stockton,
Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of Bradfrd, Wall of Putnam,
Ward, Watson, Whitner, Williams, Wilson, Wolff, Young
and Zewadski-61.
Nays-None.
So the resolution was adopted as amended.
Mr. Turner of Citrus offered the following:
House Joint Resolution No. 20:
Resolved, That a committee be appointed to visit and in-
vest,igate the Blind, Deaf and Dumb Institute at St. Augus-
tine comprised of two from the House and one from the Sen-
ate;
Which was read.
Mr. Wall of Putnam a it.I. I the following amendment:
And the east coast and canal;
Which was adopted.
Mr. Wall of Putnam moved that the resolution be read the
second time and put upon its passage-
The vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Ayer, B_ _..- Baker, Ballen-
tine, Bates, Bethel,,Chaires, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, )u-
pree, Ellis, Frisbee, Fielding, Fulton, Lamar, Lewis, Morgan
of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick, Pope, Rawls, Register,
Rice, Richborg, Robertson, Rouse, !i.-TI.1.., Spencer, Stock-
ton, Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of Put-
nam, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Williams, Wilson and
Wolff-44.
Nays-Messrs. Hendry of Lee, Hyer, McCall, McCreary,
Mobley, Morgan of Hamilton, Potter, Shepard, Stanford,
Young and Zewadski---1.
So the resolution was adopted as amended.
Upon motion of Mr. Robertson of Washington-
Iouse Joint Resolution No. 22:











73

Relative to the State Agricultural College at Lake City,
Was withdrawn.
House Joint Resolution No. 21:
Relative to the investigation of State convicts,
Was read the second time.
Upon motion of Mr. Christie of Leon-
House Joint Resolution No. 21:
Was made a Special Order of the Day for 11 o'clock to-
morrow.
House Joint Resolution No. 14:
Relative to amending the State Constitution,
Was read the second time.
Mr. Morgan moved that House Resolution No. 14 be
adopted;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Thayer of Volusia made the following motion:
That the Committee on Privileges and Elections be allowed
a clerk when required to facilitate business.
Dr. Pelot moved to lay the motion upon the table;
Which was agreed to.
The following messages were received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMrBER,
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., April 7, 1897.
Ho,.O D. 1. MAYs,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
Sm--I am directed by the Senate to inform the House of
Representatives that the Senate has passed-
Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 1:
Resolved, the House concurring, That a committee con-
sisting of two members from the Senate and three from the
House be appointed to examine the books, accounts and re-
cords of the office of the Commissioner of Agriculture, and
they be allowed to employ such clerical aid as they may find
necessary.
And respectfully request the concurrence of the House of
Representatives therein.
Very respectfully,
T. J. APPLEYARDi,
Secretary of the Senate.
SENATE CHA-MBER,
TALLAIIASSEE, FLA., April 8, 1897.
IloN. D. H. MAYs,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:










74



Si--I am directed by the Senate to inform the Houle of
Representatives that the Senate has passed-
Joint Resolution No. 12:
Memorializing Congress to recognize the belligerent rights
of Cuba.
Very -- i. fii.ih.
T. J. APPLEYARD,
Secretary of the Senate.
SENATE CHAMBER,
TALLAiiASSE E, FLA., April 8, 1897.
IIon. D. H. Mays,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
Sm--I am directed Ly the Senate to inform the House of
Representatives that the Senate has passed-
House concurrent resolution asking the appointment of a
committee to meet the Interstate Commerce Commission in
Jacksonville on the 9th, and has appointed Senator Darby on
the part of the Senate.
Very respectfully,
T. J. APPLEYARD,
Secretary of the Senate.

SENATE CHAMBER,
TALVLAHASSEE, FLA., April 8, 1897.
IIos. D. H. MAYS,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
SIR-I am directed by the Senate to inform the House of
Representatives that the Senate has passed-
Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 2:
To investigate books, records and accounts of the Comp-
troller and Treasurer with amendments thereto.
And respectfully ask the concurrence of the House thereon.
Very respectfully,
T. J. APPLEYARD,
Secretary of the Senate.
SENATE CHAMBER,
TALLAIIASSEE, FLA., April 6, 1897.
HoN. D. H. MAYs,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
SmR-I am directed by the Senate to inform the House of
Representatives that the Senate has passed-












Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 3;
Whereas, William J. Brvan led the Democratic party in
the memorable campaign of 1896, and
Whereas, He is the eloquent exponent of the great prin-
ciples of that party as enunciated by the Chicago platform,
therefore be it
Resolved, That we, the Legislature of the State of Florida,
hereby issue to Mr. Bryan an earnest invitation to come be-
fore this body and address it upon the principles of the party
and the issues of the day.
And respectfully request the concurrence of the House of
Representatives therein.
Very Respectfully,
T. J. APPLEYARD,
Secretary of the Senate.
SENATE CHAMBER,
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., April 7, 1897.
Hox. D. H. MAYS,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
SiR-I am directed by the Senate to inform the House of
Representatives that the Senate has passed-
Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 7:
Whereas, The Hon. Wmn. Jennings Bryan having by wire
accepted the invitation tendered to him by the Senate and
House of Representatives to address them; be it
Resolved, That the President of the Senate appoint a com-
mittee of five (5) to co-operate with such committee as the
House may appoint for the reception and entertainment of
this young and distinguished American statesman.
And respectfully request the concurrence of the House of
Representatives therein.
Very respectfully,
T. J. APPLEYARD,
Secretary of the Senate.
SENATE CHAMBER,
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., April 8, 1897. 1
HoN. D. H. MAYs,
Speaker of the House of Representati\ es:
SIR-I am directed by the Senate to inform the House of
Representatives that the Senate has passed-
Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 6:
Relative to the appointment of a committee to consider











76



the most advisable system to be adopted for the employment
,of State convicts.
And respectfully ask the concurrence of the House of
Representatives therein.
Very respectfully,
T. J. APPLEYARD,
Secretary of the Senate.
Which were read and ordered spread upon the Journal.
On motion of Mr. Morgan of Putnam the House adjourned
until 9 o'clock a. m. to-morrow.


-----o----


FRIDAY, APRIL 9, 1897.

The House met pursuant to adjournment.
The Speaker in the chair.
The roll being called the following members answered to
their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baggett, Baker,, Ballentine, Bates,
Bethel, Blanton, Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Carter, Chaires,
Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee, Fielding,
Fulton, Hardee, Harris, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor,
Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCall, McCreary, Mobley, Mor-
gan of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pedrick, Pope,
Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg, Robertson, Rouse,
Shepard, Shepherd, Spencer, Stanford, Stockton, Street,
Thayer, Turner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of Putnam, Ward,
Watson, Whitner, Williams, Wilson, Wolff, Young ana Ze-
wadski-47.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
Mr. Sloan of Lake was excused on account of sickness.
The Speaker reported as having received the following com-
munication:
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., April 8, 1897. J

HON. D. H. MAYs,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
DEAR SIn-The Joint Committee on Reception have ar-
ranged for seats upon the platform for the members of the
House.











77



Badges have been provided, and all persons wearing same
will be given admission. The badges will be distributed by
the Clerk of the House. Please advise the members of this
arrangement, and oblige,
Respectfully,
W. D. CHIPLEY,
Chairman of Joint Committee on Reception.
W. HUNT HARRIS,
Secretary of Joint Committee on Reception;
Which was read.

INTRODUCTION OF BILLS.
By Mr. McCreary of Alachua:
House Bill No. 41:
To be entitled an act fixing rule days after trial terms in
County Judges' courts and courts of Justices of the Peace,
repealing chapter 4383, Laws of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Hyer of Escambia:
House Bill No. 42:
To be entitled an act relating to chattel mortgages,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Williams of Holmes:
House Bill No. 43:
To be entitled an act to amend paragraph 12 of section 9
of chapter 4322, Laws of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Christie of Leon:
House Bill No. 44:
To be entitled an act to amend section 3 of chapter 4477,
Laws of Florida, approved May 30, 1895, in reference to a
railroad from Tallahassee to Gainesville and other points,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Railroads and Telegraph.
By Mr.Linton of Madison:
House Bill No. 45:
To be entitled an act to regulate the salaries of the State
and county officers,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Finance and Taxation.
By Mr. Zewadski of Marion:











78



House Bill No. 46:
To be entitled an act to require all persons, firms and cor-
porations doing business as agent or agents, to file the name
and address of their principal with the clerk of the court and
to post a copy in a conspicuous place, on neglecting so to do,
to be deemed the owner,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Corporations.
By Mr. Zewadski of Marion:
House Bill No. 47:
To be entitled an act to prescribe the time when deficiency
judgment can be entered in foreclosure suits,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Pelot of Manatee:
House Bill No. 48:
To be entitled an act to provide for a State Board of Med-
ical Examiners, and to provide its qualifications, duties and
powers,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Health.
By Mr. Bethel of Monroe:
House Bill No. 49:
To be entitled an act enlarging and extending the rights,
powers and privileges of the Tropical Building and Invest-
ment Company, of Key West, Fla.,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Corporations.
By Mr. Bethel of Monroe:
House Bill No. 50:
To be entitled an act to create a corporation to be named
the Key West Insurance and Trust Company, and to confer
certain privileges thereon,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Corporations.
By Mr. Watson of Osceola:
House Bill No. 51:
To be entitled an act regulating the taking of fish in the
waters of Osceola county,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Fisheries.
By Mr. Watson of Osceola:
House Bill No. 52:
To be entitled an act for the protection of wild deer, birds
and other game, and to prescribe the time within which they
may be hunted,











79



Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Game.
By Mr. Morgan of Putnam:
House Bill No. 58:
To be entitled an act to repeal chapter 3936, Laws of Flor-
ida, being an act to establish a criminal court of record in the
county of Putnam in the State of Florida, approved May 27,
1889,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Judiciary.
By Mr. Morgan of Putnam:
House Bill No. 54:
To be entitled an act to provide for the payment by the
collectors of revenue of the several counties of the State of
Florida, and of all moneys received and collected by them
from dealers in spirituous liquors, ales, wines and beers in
the several counties to the treasurer of each county, and the
distribution of the same,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Morgan of Putnam:
House Bill No. 55:
To be entitled an act to amend section 2357 of the Re-
vised Statutes of the State of Florida, chapter 3, relating
to the limitation of prosecutions in criminal cases,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Morgan of Putnam:
House Bill No. 56:
To be entitled an act to amend sections 12 and 55 of the
Laws of the State of Florida, chapter 4328, providing for the
registration of all legally qualified voters in the several coun-
ties of the State, and providing for general and special elec-
tions and for the returns of elections, approved May 25th, A.
D. 1895,
"Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Privileges and Elections.
By Mr. Morgan of Putnam:
House Bill No. 57:
To be entitled an act to incorporate the Veteran Associa-
tion of Putnam county, Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
City and County Organizations.
The Speaker appointed the following Special Committee on
Game: Linton of Madison, Chairman; Thaver of Volusia,
Ballentine of Nassau, Christie of Leon, Rouse of Wakulla.













Mr. Thayer of Volusia, chairman of the Committee on Priv-
ileges and Elections, made the following report:
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., April 9, 1897.
HON. D. 11. MAYS,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
SIR-Your committee to whom was referred the case of
the claim of James W. Burnsad to a seat in the House of Rep-
resentatives from Baker county, Florida, beg leave to report-
That they have examined all of the evidence they have at
their disposal, and from such evidence and the circumstances
connected with the case, that there was an election held in ac-
cordance with law in said Baker county in the year 1896, and
that there were no other persons running for Representative
in said Baker county other than James W. Burnsad and
Earnest E. Pons; and further, that the said James W. Burn-
sad did receive a majority of the votes cast at said election,
and is therefore entitled to his seat in the House as said Rep-
resentative.
Further, that said evidence is not of a positive nature, but
is based upon opinions and statements of witnesses before
your committee.
Very respectfully,
WNI. S. THAYER,
Chairman.
Which was read,
And James W. Burnsad, member elected from Baker
county, came forward and was sworn in by Hon. W. Hunt
Harris as notary public at large.
Mr. McCreary moved-
That the privileges of the floor be extended to L. W. Fen-
nell, sheriff of Alachua county;
Which was agreed to.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
House Concurrent Resolution No. 24:
Proposing the appointment of a committee to investigate
the Internal Improvement Fund;
Was read the second time and put upon its passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baker, Ballentine, Bates, Bethel,
Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Carter, Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crump-
ton, Deep, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee, Fielding, Fulton, Harris,
Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor, Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Lin-












81



ton, McCall, McCreary, Mobley, Morgan of Hamilton, Mor-
gan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick, Pope, Rawls, Register,
Rice, Richborg, Robertson, Rouse, Shepard, Shepherd,
Sloan, Spencer, Stockton, Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of
Bradford, Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Wil-
liams, Wilson, Wolff, Young and Zewadski-59.
Nays-None.
So the resolution was adopted.
House Joint Resolution No. 22:
Proposing the appointment of a committee of a new legis-
lative apportionment for the State;
Which was read the second time and putupon its passage-
The vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baggett, Ballentinc, Bates,
Bethel, Blanton, Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Carter, Chaires,
Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee,
Fielding, Fulton, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor, Hyer,
Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCall, McCreary, Mobley, Morgan of
Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick, Pope,
Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice, Pi. 1i.... _, Robertson, Rouse,
Shepard, Shepherd, Sloan, Spencer, Stockton, Street, Thayer,
Turner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson,
Whitner, Williams, Wilaon, Young and Zewadski-61.
Nays-None.
So the resolution was adopted.
House Concurrent Resolution No. 23:
Proposing the appointment of a committee to investigate
the losses sustained by the Treasurer of the State of Florida,
Was read the second time.
Mr. Zewadski offered the following amendment:
"Or with any of its officers;"
Which was accepted.
By request of Mr. Stanford of DeSoto, House Concurrent
Resolution No. 23 was withdrawn.
RESOLUTIONS.
Senate Resolution No. 3:
Inviting W. J. Bryan to address this Legislature,
Was read the first time.
Mr. Stanford of DeSoto moved that the rules be waived
and that the resolution be read the second time and put upon
its passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baggett, Baker, Ballentine,
Bates, Bethel, Blanton, Bunch, Canty, Carlisle, Carter, Chaires,
6



&













iChristie, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis,
Frisbee, Fielding, Fulton, Harris, Hendry of Lee, Hendry
of Taylor, Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCall, McCreary,
Mobley, Morgan of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens,
Pelot, Pedrick, Pope, Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg,
Robertson, Rouse, Shepard, Shepherd, Sloan, Spencer, Stan-
ford. Stockton, Street, Ti, i. --, Turner, Wall of Bradford,
Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Williams, Wilson,
"WIolff, Youiig and Zewadski-62.
Nays-None.
:So the resolution passed.
Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 7:
Proposing the appointment of a committee to receive the
10on. W. J. Bryan,
Was read the first time.
Mr. Wall of Putnam moved that the rules be waived and
that the resolution he read the second time and put upon its

T' : vote was:
Yeas--Mr. speaker, M. .-i". Baggett, Baker, Ballentine,
Bates, Blanton, Canty, Carlisle, Carter, ('!i ,.., Christie, Cobb,
Cox, Crumlpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee, Fielding, Ful-
ton, IHendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor, Hyer, Lamar, Lewis,
Linton, McCall, McCreary, Mobley, Morgan of Hamilton, Mor-
.'. of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick, Pope, Rawls, Register,
RWice, :. 1i1.... _, Robertson, Rouse, Shepard, "I I-l,- i, Sloan,
Spencer, Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of
Putnam, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Williams, Wilson, Wolff,
Young and Zewadski-58.
Nays-None.
So the resolution passed.
Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 1:
:! .... .-;' the appointment of a committee to investigate
the books and papers in the A\ ;. ol im.1 office,
Was read the first time and laid over under the rules.
Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 2:
Proposing the appointment of a committee to investigate
the books of the Comptrollers' office,
Was read the first time and laid over under the rules.
Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 6:
Relating to the State convicts;
Which was read the first time.
Mr. Wall moved that the rules he waived and that the reso-
lition be read the second time and put upon its passage-










83



"The vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baggett, Baker, Ballentine,
Bates, Bethel, Blanton, Bunch, Canty, Carter, Chaires,
Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee,
Fielding, Fulton, Harris, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor,
Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCreary, Mobley, Morgan
of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick,
Pope, Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg, Robertson,
Rouse, h-li i'l 1, Shepherd, Sloan, Spencer, Street, Thayer,
Turner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson,
Whitner, Wilson, Wolff and Young-58.
Nays--None.
So the resolution was adopted.
Mr. Christie of Leon moved that the House proceed to the
election of Speaker pro tern;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Christie of Leon moved that Mr. Fulton be elected
Speaker pro tern.
Upon motion of Mr. Whitner the election of Mr. Fulton
was made unanimous.
Mr. Cox of Polk moved that the courtesies of the House
be extended to Capt. E. Alonzo Corduy of Fort Meade;
Which was agreed to.
Messrs. Fielding of Suwannee, Fulton of Hernando,
Turner of Citrus, Sloane of Lake and Bethel of Monroe
asked the privilege to introduce a bill;
Which was agreed to.
By Mr. Bethel of Monroe:
House Bill No. 58:
To be entitled an act to repeal chapter 4432, Laws of
Florida, being an act to establish a Criminal Court of Record
in the county of Monroe, approved April 17, 1895.
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Fielding of Suwannee:
House Bill No. 59:
To be entitled an act to make an appropriation to pay the
balance due the enumerators who took the census of the State
of Florida, A. D. 1895,
"Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Census and Apportionments.
By Mr. Fulton of Hernando:
House Bill No. 60:
To be entitled an act for the relief of Frank E. Saxon,
Clerk of the Circuit Court of Hernando county, Flolida, and
his official bondsman.













Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Claims.
By Mr. Turner of Citrus:
IHouse Bill No. 61:
To be entitled an act to repeal chapter 4218, Laws of Flor-
ida, being an act to organize a county court in and for the
county of Citrus,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Sloan of Lake:
House Bill No. 62:
To be entitled an act relating to fire insurance policies, pre-
scribing a rule of evidence and measure of damage in case of
loss,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
The hour of 11 o'clock having arrived, Mr. Christie of
Leon moved that the Special Order of the Day be taken up,
the special order being for the consideration of-
House Resolution No. 21:
Proposing the investigation of the State convict camps;
Which was read the second time.
Mr. Dees of Lafayette offered the following amendment:
To amend the same by making the number three on the
part of the House and two on the part of the Senate.
Mr. Christie of Leon moved to lay the amendment upon
the table;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Blanton of Madison offered the following amendment:
Strike out the words "and appoint a clerk or stenographer,
if necessary."
Mr. Christie of Leon moved that the amendment be laid
upon the table;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Watson of Osceola offered the following amendment:
After the word "practicable" add "and the committee be
empowered to send for papers and persons;"
Which was accepted.
On motion of Mr. Young of Hillsborough the previous ques-
tion was ordered.
The vote was:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baggett, Baker, Ballentine, Bates,
Bethel, Bunch, Burnsad, Canty, Carlisle, Carter, Chaires,
Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee,
Fielding, Fulton, Harris, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor,
IIyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCreary, Mobley, Morgan of











85



Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick, Pope,
Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg, Robertson, Rouse,
Shepard, Shepherd, Sloan, Spencer, Stanford, Street, Thayer,
Turner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson,
Whitner, Williams, Wilson, Wolff, Young and Zewadski-63.
Nays-None.
So the resolution was adopted.
Upon motion of Mr. Christie of Leon the House adjourned
until 10 o'clock Monday morning.


------o----


MONDAY, APRIL 12, 1897.
The House met pursuant to adjournment.
The Speaker in the chair.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
"their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baggett, Baker, Ballentine, Bates,
Bethel, Blanton, Bunch, Burnsad, Canty, Carlisle, Chaires,
Christie, Cobb, Cox, Dees, Dupree, Dyal, Ellis, Frisbee, Field-
ing, Fulton, Hardee, Harris, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Tay-
lor, Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCall, McCreary, Mobley,
Morgan of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot, Ped-
rick, Pope, Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg, Robert-
'son, Rouse, Shepard, Shepherd, Sloan, Spencer, Stanford,
Stockton, Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of
Putnam, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Williams, Wilson, Wolff
and Young-63.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
Mr. Crumpton of Levy was excused on account of sickness.
Mr. Nat Walker of Wakulla, Reading Clerk, was excused
on account of sickness.
Mr. Fulton of Hernando asked to be granted a leave of ab-
sence for three days;
Which was granted.
The Speaker announced the following communication:
OFFICE OF SECRETARY OF STATE,
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., April 8, 1897. j
HON. D. H. MArs,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
Sn--In conformity with the requirements of the Constitu-














tion of the State of Florida, I herewith transmit to you, for
the consideration of the House of Representatives, the follow-
ing vetoed acts with the Governor's objections thereto at-
tached:
An act to amend sections 3 and 10 of an act entitled "An
Act to Incorporate the Central Peninsular Muck Mining and
Development Company, and to define its rights and powers,"
approved June 2, 1893.
An Act to Incorporate the Florida Muck Th1;I, i Company,
and to define its business purpose,.
Very respectfully,
JNo. L. CRAWFOnR),
Secretary of State.-
Which was read.
Upon a vote on the aforesaid vetoed bill, the Governor's
veto to the contrary notwithstanding, the yeas and nays were:
Yeas-None.
Nays-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baggett, Baker, Ballentine,
Bates, Bethel, Blanton, Bunch, Burnsad, Canty, Carlisle,
Carter, Chaires, Christie, Cobb, Cox, Dees, Dupree, Dyal,
Ellis, Frisbee, Fielding, Fulton, Hardee, Harris, Hendry of.
Lee, Hendry of Taylor, Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCall,.
McCreary, Mobley, Morgan of H uiiill... Morgan of Put-
nam, Owens, Pelot, Pedrick, Pope, Potter, Rawls, Register,.
Rice, Richborg, Rouse, Shepard, Shepherd, Sloan, Spencer,.
Stanford, Stockton, Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of Brad-
ford, Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Williams,,
Wilson, Wolff and Young-65.
So the bill did hot pass.
Also the following:
The veto message was read and upon a vote on the afore-
said vetoed bill, the Governor's veto to the contrary notwith-
standing, the yeas and nays were:
Yeas-None.
Nays-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baggett, Baker, Ballentine,
Bates, Bethel, Blanton, Bunch, Burnsad, Canty, Carlisle,
Carter, Chaires, Christie, Cobb, Cox, Crumpton, Dees, Dupree,
Dyal, Ellis, Frisbee, Fielding, Fulton, Hardee, Harris, Hen-
dry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor, Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton,
McCall, McCreary, Mobley, Morgan of Hamilton, Morgan of
Putnam, Owens, Pelot, P drink, Pope, Potter, Rawls, Register,
Rice, Robertson, Rouse, Shepard, Shepherd, Sloan, Spencer,
Stanford, Stockton, Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of Bradford,
Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Williams, Wilson,
Wolff and Young-64.
So the bill did not pass.











87



Mlr. Sloan of Lake offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the House have printed four hundred cop-
ies of the daily House Journals for the use of its members;
Which was adopted.
Mr. Robertson of Washington moved that when the House-
adjourns today that it stand adjourned until tomorrow morn-
ing at 9 o'clock;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Thayer of Volusia made the following motion:
That the Assistant Reading Clerk of the House be allowed:
to employ some one to assist him at the expense of the Read-
ing Clerk, as one clerk can hardly be expected to do the work
alone.
Mr. Robert'on of Washington moved to lay the motion'
upon the table;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Carlisle of Alachua offered the following resolution:
Resolved by the House of Representatives of the Legisla-
ture of the State of Florida, That the clerks of the commit-
tees of this House be paid only for the actual time l.i.l. ,.1
in the service of the committees while in session;
Which was read.
Mr. Harris of Monroe offered the following amendment:
That the resolution ..I.1'.1 only to special committees.
Mr. Wall of Putnam moved to lay the amendment upon the,
table.
The yeas and nays being called, the vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Ballentine, Blanton, Canty,.
Carlisle, Carter, Dyal, Fielding, Hardee, Lamar, Linton, Mc-
Call, McCreary, Pope, Rouse, Shepherd, Spencer, Stanford,,
Stockton, Turner, Wall of Bradford, Wall of Putnam, W ard,
Watson, Whitner and Wilson--6.
Nays-Messrs. Baggett, Baker, Bates, Bethel, Bunch, Burn-
sad, Christie, Cobb, Cox, Dees, Dupree, Ellis, Frisbee, Fulton,
Harris, Hendry of Lee, Hendry of Taylor, Hyer, Lewis, Mob-
ley, Morgan of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam, Owens, Pelot,
Pedrick, Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice, Richborg, Robertson,
Shepard, Sloan, Street, Thayer, Williams, Wolff and
Young-39.
So the motion was not agreed to.
Mr. Harris of Monroe moved that the amendment be
adopted;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Wall of Putnam moved to lay the resolution a-
amended upon the table;
Which was agreed to.










88



Mr. Harris of Monroe moved to allow the Judiciary Com-
mittee a clerk.
Mr. McCall of Hillsborough moved to lay the motion upon
the table;
Which was not agreed to.
Upon motion of Mr. Harris of M)nroe the motion was
agreed to.
Mr. Christie of Leon offered the following:
House Concurrent Resolution No. 29:
Whereas, It is understood that the Governor has decided
to have the next annual Camp of Instruction of the Florida
State Troops located at Tallahassee.
Be it resolved, That the House of Representatives the Sen-
ate concurring, respectfully request the Governor to fix the
date for holding the encampment about the 12th of May;
Which was adopted.
Upon motion of Mr. Christie of Leon the courtesies of the
House were extended to Dr. Christie and Dr. Yorbough.
Mr. Wall of Putnam offered the following:
House Joint Resolution No. 30:
Whereas, The financial condition of the citizens of Florida
is such as to demand the strictest economy in the expenditure
of the public funds of the State, and in order to reduce the
burden of taxation upon the people and in order that each
member of the Legislature may have ample time for investi-
gation.
Be it resolved by the House of Representatives, the Senate
concurring, That a committee of five from the House and
five from the Senate be appointed to prepare and introduce a
bill not later than the 20th of April giving a statement of the
appropriations for the last six months in 1897, the fiscal year
of 1898 and the first six months of 1899;
Which was read.
Mr. Wall of Putnam moved that the rules be waived and
that the resolution be read the second time and put upon its
passage;
Which was agreed to.
The vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baggett, Baker, Ballentine,
1Bates, Bethel, Blanton, Bunch, Burnsad, Canty, Carlisle,
Carter, Chaires, Christie, Cobb, Cox, Dees, Dupree, Dyal,
Ellis, Frisbee, Fielding, Fulton, Hardee, Iendry of Lee,
IHendry of Taylor, Hyer, Lamar, Lewis, Linton, McCall,
McCreary, Mobley, Morgan of Hamilton, Morgan of Putnam,
Owens, Pelot, Pedrick, Pope, Potter, Rawls, Register, Rice,
Richborg, Robertson, Rouse, Shepard, Shepherd, Sloan,










89



Spencer,4Stanford, Stockton, Street, Thayer, Turner, Wall of
Bradford, Wall of Putnam, Ward, Watson, Whitner, Wil-
liams, Wilson, Wolff and Young-64.
So the resolution was adopted.
Mr. Wolff of Polk offered the following House resolution:
Resolved, That the present system, rules and regulations
for the conduct of abstract offices in giving the chain of title
to realty and fees for the same be referred to the Judiciary
Committee, with instructions to report by bill or otherwise;
Which was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary
Committee.
INTRODUCTION OF 1 ILLS AND RESOLUTIONS.
By Mr. Carlisle of Alachua:
House Bill No. 63:
To be entitled an act abrogating citations on appeals and
chancery causes from the Circuit to the Supreme Court, and
making the record of the entry of such appeal notice in such
causes,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. MceCreary of Alachua:
SHouse Bill No. 64:
To be entitled an act to prohibit the taking or receiving
money on deposit by any bank after the insolvency of said
bank, and providing punishment for the same,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Judiciary,
By Mr. McCreary of Alachua:
House Joint Resolution No. 31:
Proposing an amendment to section 5, of article 8, of the
Constitution of the State of F lorida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Constitutional Amendments.
By Mr. Carlisle of Alachua:
House Bill No. 65:
To be entitled an act to abrogate the writ of scire facias
ad audiendum errors in appellate proceedings to the Supreme
Court, and to provide a substitute therefor.in civil causes.
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. McCreary of Alachua:
[louse Bill No. 66:
To be entitled an act to amend section 5 of an act to
amend sections 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 16, 17 and 19 of chapter
4192 of the Laws of Florida, the same being an act entitled











90



an act to prescribe rules and regulations for licensing teachers,
to provide for uniform examinations, to secure fairness in
examinations, and in issuing teachers' certificates and for
other purposes, being chapter 4331, Laws of Florida, act of
1895.
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Education.
By Mr. Carlisle of Alachua:
House Bill No. 67:
To be entitled an act to require all county officers to keep a
record of all fees received by them and to make a sworn state-
ment of the same to the grand jury, and to require the fore-
man of the grand jury to file the same, and to provide a
penalty therefore,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Carlisle of Alachua:
House Bill No. 68:
To be entitled an act to regulate and prescribe the fees of
county officers in certain cases,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Dupree of Columbia:
House Bill No. b9:
To be entitled an act for the better qualificationn of justices
of the peace,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Bunch of Columbia:
House Bill No. 70:
To be entitled an act for the relief of storm sufferers in the
counties of Levy, Alachua, Columbia, Bradford, Baker, Su-
wannee, Nassau and Lafayette,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Claims.
By Mr. Dupree of-Columbia:
House Bill No. 71:
To be entitled an act to surrender to the government of the
United States of America the quarantine stations and build-
ings and disinfecting apparatus of the quarantine stations of
the State of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Public Health.
By Mr. Bunch of Columbia:
House Bill No. 72:
To be entitled an act to enforce contracts for labor,











91



Was read the first time and referred to the Judici:ry Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Pope of Duval:
House Bill No. 73:
To be entitled an act to amend section 1478, Revised Stat-
utes of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Stockton of Duval:
House Bill No. 74:
To be entitled an act to require railroads and other tians-
portation companies to publish a list of every pass or gratui-
tous transportation issued by them, and to provide for penal-
ties for violation of the same;
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on,
Railroads and Telegraphs.
By Mr. Pope of Duval:
House Bill No. 75:
To be entitled an act to amend section 1, chapter 4328,.
Laws of Florida, entitled an act to provide for the registration
of all legally qualified voters in the several counties of the
State, and to provide for general and special elections and for
returns of elections;
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Pope of Duval:
House Bill No. 76:
To be entitled an act to repeal section 154, Revised
Statutes of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Stockton of Duval:
House Joint Resolution No. 32:
Proposing an amendment to section 2 of article 3 of the
Constitution of the State of Florida.
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on.
Constitutional Amendments,
By Mr. Stockton of Duval:
House Joint Resolution No. 33:
Proposing an amendment to section 30 of article 16 of the.
Constitution of the State of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on.
Railroads and Telegraphs.
By Mr. Stockton of Duval:
House Joint Resolution No. 34:
Proposing an amendment to section 30 of article 16 of the










92



Constitution of the State of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Railroads and Telegraphs.
By Mr. Bates of Gadsden:
House Bill No. 77:
To be entitled an act to amend section 866 of the Revised
".rir i. -, relating to the liquor license,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee
Temperance.
By Mr. Morgan of Hamilton:
House Bill No. 78:
To be entitled an act to regulate the sale of domestic wines
by the makers thereof,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Temperance.
By Mr. Fulton of Hernando:
House Bill No. 79:
To be entitled an act to suspend for the term of two years
the collection of all royalties upon phosphate rock and phos-
phatic deposits that may be mined, dug or removed from the
beds of the navigable waters of the State of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Mining and Phosphates.
By Mr. Fulton of Hernando:
House Bill No. 80:
To be entitled an act providing for the appointment of ofli-
cial samplers of phosphate at the several ports where phos-
phate is shipped in the State of Florida, defining the duties of
such official samplers of the railroad, terminal and other com-
panies and persons, fixing the fees and the manner of collec-
tion and payment thereof, forbidding sampling of phosphate
at ports by other persons, empowering the appointment of
deputies and prescribing penalties for a violation of the pro-
visions of this act,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Mining and Phosphate.
By Mr. Chaires of Leon:
House Joint Resolution No. 35:
Proposing an amendment to section 8 of article 5 of the
Constitution of the State of Florida, relating to the appointment
of Circuit Judges,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Constitutional Amendments.
By Mr. McCall of Hillsborough:
House Bill No. 81:
To be entitled an act to define the boundaries of the town











93



of St. Petersburg, Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
City and County Organizations.
By Mr. McCall of Hillsborough:
House Bll No. 82:
To be entitled an act to abolish the present corporation of
the town of (C!: ir. ii.-. Harbor, Florida, and to provide
a municipal government for the town of Clearwater and to
define the boundaries thereof,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
City and County Organizations.
By Mr. Williams of Holmes:
House Bill No. 883:
To be entitled an act to prohibit the playing of baseball
within a quarter of a mile of any church or other place of
worship during the hours of any religious services, and to
prescribe penalties for the same,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Owens of Lake:
House Bill No. 84:
To be entitled an act in relation to the payment of officers'
fees in civil cases,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Owens of Lake:
House Bill No. 85:
To be entitled an act to require the recording of officers'
commissions,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Sloan of Lake:
House Bill No. 80:
To be entitled an act in relation to cost in criminal cases be-
fore grand juries and county solicitors,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Sloan of Lake:
House Bill No. 87:
To be entitled an act relating to title of land by adverse
possession without color of title, and to repeal chapter 4112
of the Laws of Florida, entitled an act relative to the limita-
tions of actions for the recovery of real property,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.










94



By Mr. Sloan of Lake:
House Bill No. 88:
To be entitled an act for the relief of John W. Dyches, ex-
treasurer of Lake county,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Claims.
By Mr. Hlendry of Lee:
House Bill No. 89:
To be entitled an act to incorporate the Sanibel Island Rail-
way and Construction Company,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Railroads and Telegraphs.
By Mr. Blanton of Madison:
House Bill No. 90:
To be entitled an act to amend section 2517 of the Revised
Statutes, relating to trespass on farms, gardens, etc.,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
nuttee.
By IMr. Whitner of Orange:
House Bill No. 91:
To be entitled an act to amend an act to abolish the
present municipal government of the City of Sanford,,
Orange county, Fla., and organize a city government for the
same, and provide its jurisdiction and powers,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
City and County Organizations.
By Mr. Shepherd of Orange:
House Bill No. 92:
To be entitled an act to amend section 2479 of the Revised
Statutes of the State of Florida, defining and punishing
forgery,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Shepherd of Orange:
House Bill No. 93:
To be entitled an act to amend chapter 4322 of the Laws
of Florida, being an act for the assessment and collection of
revenue,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Finance and Taxation.
By Mr. Shepherd of Oiange:
House Bill No. 94:
To be entitled an act to amend section 866, chapter 9 of the
Revised Statutes of Florida, of permits to sell liquors, wines
and beers,










95



Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Temperance.
By Mr. Pedrick of Pasco:
House Bill No. 95:
To be entitled an act to provide for the insane and the
management of the institute devoted to their care, and to reor-
ganize the same,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Public Health.
By Mr. Cox of Polk:
House Bill No. 96:
To be entitled an act to amend section 864, part 1, title 11,
chapter 8 of the Revised Statutes of the State of Florida, re-
lating to the sale of spirituous liquors, wines and beer,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Temperance.
By Mr. Wilson of St. Johns:
House Bill No. 97:
To be entitled an act to legalize the issuance of water works
and funding bonds of the city of St. Augustine, in the county
of St. Johns, State of Florida, under section 5, article 7, chap-
ter 3972, of the Laws of Florida, incorporating the city of St.
Augustine as amended by chapter 4499. and to declare and
render valid the bonds issued by said city under an ordinance
and its amendatory ordinances passed July 1 and approved
July 3, 1896, under and by virtue of said chapters,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
City and County Organizations.
By Mr. Wilson of St. Johns:
House Bill No. 98:
To be entitled an act to amend section 61 of an act entitled
an act to provide for the registration of all legally qualified
voters in the several counties of this State, and to provide for
general and special elections and for the returns of elections,
being chapter 4328 of the Laws of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
By Mr. Richbourg of Walton:
House Joint Resolution No. 36:
Proposing an amendment to section 5, of article 8, of the
Constitution of the State of Florida, relating to county com-
mission ers,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Constitutional Amendments.












06



By Mr. Thayer of Volusia:
House Bill No. 99:
To be entitled an act for the protection of food fishes in the
St. Johns river, and all other streams, rivers, creeks and bay-
ous in the State of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Fisheries.
By Mr. Street of Volusia:
House Bill No. 100:
To be entitled an act regulating the means and method of
capturing and killing food fishes in the waters of the New
Smyrna Inlet, IIillsborough River, Mosquito Lagoon, Halifax
River, Spruce, Tomoka Bulow and Smith Creek and the bays
and tributary waters thereof, on the east coast of Florida, and
providing for the punishment of persons violating the same
and appointing a fish warden and providing for the escheat of
property and appliances and in disposing of the proceeds of
same,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Fisheries.
REPORTS OF STANDING COMMITTEES.
Mr. Harris of Monroe, Chairman of the Judiciary Commit-
tee, made the following reports:
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., April 10, 1897.
HoN. D. H. MAYs,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
SI--Your Committee on Judiciary, to whom was re-
ferred-
House Bill No. 61:
To be entitled an act to repeal chapter 4218, Laws of
Florida, being an act to organize a County Court in and for
the county of Citrus:
Also,
House Bill No. 32:
To be entitled an act to amend section 13 of chapter 4346
of the Laws of Florida, being an act entitled an act to de-
fine and declare what shall be deemed nuisances injurious
to health and to provide for the removal thereof and pun-
ishment therefore.
Beg leave to report that they have examined, and recom-
mend that the same do pass.
Very respectfully,
W. HUNT HARRIS,
Chairman of Committee.











97



Also the following:
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., April 10, 1897.
HoN. D. H. MAys,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
Si--Your Committee on Judiciary, to whom was referred-
House Bill No. 12:
To be entitled an act to give unto the Florida Central and
Peninsular Railroad Company the power of eminent domain
and the right to condemn property between Plant City, in
Hilisborough county, Florida, and the city of Tampa and the
waters of Hillsborough river and Hillsborough bay, in said
county and State.
Also,
House Bill No. 8:
To be entitled an act to amend section 1730, Revised
Statutes of Florida.
Also,
House Bill No. 11:
To be entitled an act to repeal section 350, chapter 1, under
title 6 of the Revised Statutes of Florida.
Beg leave to report that they have examined the same, and
recommend that the same do pass.
Very respectfully,
W. HUNT HARRIS,
Chairman of Committee.
Also the following:
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., April, 10, 1897.
HoN. D. II. MAYs,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
SiR-Your Committee on Judiciary, to whom was re-
ferred-
House Bill No. 43:
To be entitled an act to amend paragraph 12, of section 9,
of chapter 4322, of Laws of Florida.
Beg leave to report that they have examined the same and
respectfully suggest that said bill be referred to the Commit-
tee on Finance and Taxation.
Also,
House Bill No. 6:
To be entitled an act to establish a County Court in Duval
county, Florida.
7











98



Beg leave to report that they have examined the same and
recommend that the same do pass.
Very respectfully,
W. HUNT HARRIS,
Chairman of Committee.
Also the following:
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
TALLAHASSEE. FLA., April 10, 1897.
lHox. D. H. MAYS,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
Sin-Your Committee on Judiciary, to whom was referred-
House Bill No. 58:
To be entitled an act to repeal chapter 4432, Laws of Flor-
ida, being an act to establish a Criminal Court of Record in
the county of Monroe, approved April 17, 1895.
Also,
House Bill No. 21:
To be entitled an act to protect and encourage the artificial
growth of sponges within the waters of the State and con-
ceding certain riparian rights to those engaged therein, and to
prescribe a license for certain cases.
Beg leave to report that they have examined the same, and
recommend that the same do pass.
Very respectfully,
W. HUxT HARRIs,
Chairman of Committee.,
Also the following:
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., April 10, 1897.
HoN. D. H. MAYs,
Speaker of the House of Representatives:
SiR-Your Committee on Judiciary to whom was referred-
House Bill No. 7:
To be entitled an act to regulate admissions to the bar of
this State; to create a Board of Legal Examiners, and to pro-
vide for a uniform system of legal examinations.
Beg leave to report that they have examined same and
recommend that the same do pass withthe following amend-
ment, after the word "of" in the third line, section 4, strike
out the word "five" and insert the word "ten."
Very respectfully,
W. HUNT HARRIS,
Chairman of Committee.





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