• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Title Page
 January 1874
 February 1874
 Appendix






Group Title: Journal of the proceedings of the Assembly of the State of Florida.
Title: A Journal of the proceedings of the Assembly of the State of Florida, at its ... session
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027833/00011
 Material Information
Title: A Journal of the proceedings of the Assembly of the State of Florida, at its ... session
Alternate Title: Assembly journal
Journal of the Assembly of the State of Florida, at the ... session of the Legislature
Physical Description: v. : ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Legislature. -- House of Representatives
Publisher: State Printer
Place of Publication: Tallahassee
 Subjects
Subject: Legislative journals -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
 Notes
General Note: At head of title: Assembly journal.
General Note: Description based on: 4th session (1871).
Funding: Digitized for the Florida House of Representatives, the Office of the Clerk.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027833
Volume ID: VID00011
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida House of Representatives. Office of the Clerk.
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 003417931
oclc - 12901205
lccn - sn 85065605
 Related Items
Preceded by: Journal of the proceedings of the House of Representatives of the ... General Assembly of the State of the State of Florida, at its ... session
Succeeded by: Journal of the proceedings of the House of Representatives of the ... session of the Legislature of the State of Florida

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
    January 1874
        Tuesday, January 6
            Page 3
        Wednesday, January 7
            Page 4
            Page 5
            Page 6
            Page 7
        Thursday, January 8
            Page 8
            Page 9
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
            Page 13
            Page 14
        Friday, January 9
            Page 15
            Page 16
            Page 17
            Page 18
            Page 19
            Page 20
            Page 21
            Page 22
            Page 23
            Page 24
            Page 25
            Page 26
            Page 27
            Page 28
            Page 29
            Page 30
            Page 31
            Page 32
            Page 33
            Page 34
            Page 35
            Page 36
            Page 37
            Page 38
            Page 39
            Page 40
            Page 41
            Page 42
            Page 43
        Monday, January 12
            Page 44
            Page 45
            Page 46
            Page 47
            Page 48
            Page 49
        Tuesday, January 13
            Page 50
            Page 51
            Page 52
        Wednesday, January 14
            Page 53
            Page 54
            Page 55
            Page 56
            Page 57
            Page 58
        Thursday, January 15
            Page 59
            Page 60
            Page 61
            Page 62
            Page 63
            Page 64
            Page 65
            Page 66
            Page 67
            Page 68
        Friday, January 16
            Page 69
            Page 70
            Page 71
            Page 72
            Page 73
        Saturday, January 17
            Page 74
            Page 75
            Page 76
            Page 77
        Monday, January 19
            Page 78
            Page 79
            Page 80
            Page 81
            Page 82
            Page 83
            Page 84
            Page 85
            Page 86
        Tuesday, January 20
            Page 87
            Page 88
            Page 89
            Page 90
            Page 91
            Page 92
            Page 93
            Page 94
        Wednesday, January 21
            Page 95
            Page 96
            Page 97
            Page 98
            Page 99
            Page 100
            Page 101
        Thursday, January 22
            Page 102
            Page 103
            Page 104
            Page 105
            Page 106
            Page 107
            Page 108
            Page 109
            Page 110
            Page 111
            Page 112
        Friday, January 23
            Page 113
            Page 114
            Page 115
            Page 116
            Page 117
            Page 118
            Page 119
            Page 120
            Page 121
            Page 122
            Page 123
            Page 124
            Page 125
            Page 126
        Saturday, January 24
            Page 127
            Page 128
            Page 129
            Page 130
            Page 131
            Page 132
            Page 133
            Page 134
            Page 135
            Page 136
            Page 137
            Page 138
            Page 139
        Monday, January 26
            Page 140
            Page 141
            Page 142
            Page 143
            Page 144
            Page 145
            Page 146
            Page 147
            Page 148
            Page 149
            Page 150
            Page 151
            Page 152
        Tuesday, January 27
            Page 153
            Page 154
            Page 155
            Page 156
            Page 157
            Page 158
            Page 159
            Page 160
        Wednesday, January 28
            Page 161
            Page 162
            Page 163
            Page 164
            Page 165
            Page 166
        Thursday, January 29
            Page 167
            Page 168
            Page 169
            Page 170
            Page 171
            Page 172
            Page 173
            Page 174
            Page 175
            Page 176
            Page 177
            Page 178
            Page 179
            Page 180
            Page 181
            Page 182
            Page 183
            Page 184
            Page 185
            Page 186
            Page 187
        Friday, January 30
            Page 188
            Page 189
            Page 190
            Page 191
            Page 192
            Page 193
            Page 194
            Page 195
            Page 196
            Page 197
            Page 198
        Saturday, January 31
            Page 199
            Page 200
            Page 201
            Page 202
            Page 203
            Page 204
            Page 205
            Page 206
            Page 207
            Page 208
            Page 209
            Page 210
            Page 211
            Page 212
            Page 213
            Page 214
            Page 215
            Page 216
            Page 217
            Page 218
    February 1874
        Monday, February 2
            Page 219
            Page 220
            Page 221
            Page 222
            Page 223
            Page 224
            Page 225
        Tuesday, February 3
            Page 226
            Page 227
            Page 228
            Page 229
            Page 230
            Page 231
            Page 232
            Page 233
            Page 234
            Page 235
            Page 236
            Page 237
            Page 238
            Page 239
        Wednesday, February 4
            Page 240
            Page 241
            Page 242
            Page 243
            Page 244
            Page 245
            Page 246
            Page 247
            Page 248
            Page 249
            Page 250
            Page 251
            Page 252
            Page 253
            Page 254
            Page 255
        Thursday, February 5
            Page 256
            Page 257
            Page 258
            Page 259
            Page 260
            Page 261
            Page 262
            Page 263
        Friday, February 6
            Page 264
            Page 265
            Page 266
            Page 267
            Page 268
            Page 269
            Page 270
            Page 271
            Page 272
            Page 273
            Page 274
            Page 275
            Page 276
            Page 277
            Page 278
            Page 279
        Saturday, February 7
            Page 280
            Page 281
            Page 282
            Page 283
            Page 284
            Page 285
            Page 286
            Page 287
            Page 288
        Monday, February 9
            Page 289
            Page 290
            Page 291
            Page 292
            Page 293
            Page 294
            Page 295
            Page 296
            Page 297
            Page 298
        Tuesday, February 10
            Page 299
            Page 300
            Page 301
            Page 302
            Page 303
            Page 304
            Page 305
            Page 306
            Page 307
            Page 308
            Page 309
        Wednesday, February 11
            Page 310
            Page 311
            Page 312
            Page 313
            Page 314
            Page 315
            Page 316
            Page 317
            Page 318
            Page 319
            Page 320
            Page 321
        Thursday, February 12
            Page 322
            Page 323
            Page 324
            Page 325
            Page 326
            Page 327
            Page 328
            Page 329
            Page 330
            Page 331
            Page 332
            Page 333
        Friday, February 13
            Page 334
            Page 335
            Page 336
            Page 337
            Page 338
            Page 339
            Page 340
            Page 341
            Page 342
        Saturday, February 14
            Page 343
            Page 344
            Page 345
            Page 346
            Page 347
            Page 348
            Page 349
            Page 350
            Page 351
            Page 352
            Page 353
            Page 354
            Page 355
            Page 356
            Page 357
            Page 358
            Page 359
            Page 360
            Page 361
            Page 362
            Page 363
            Page 364
        Monday, February 16
            Page 365
            Page 366
            Page 367
            Page 368
            Page 369
            Page 370
            Page 371
            Page 372
            Page 373
            Page 374
            Page 375
            Page 376
    Appendix
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Report of the superintendent of public instruction of the state of Florida, for the year ending September 30, 1873
            Page 3
            Page 4
            Page 5
            Page 6
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
            Page 13
            Page 14
            Page 15
            Page 16
            Page 17
            Page 18
            Page 19
            Page 20
            Page 21
            Page 22
            Page 23
            Page 24
            Page 25
            Page 26
            Page 27
            Page 28
            Page 29
            Page 30
            Page 31
            Page 32
            Page 33
            Page 34
            Page 35
            Page 36
            Page 37
            Page 38
            Page 39
            Page 40
            Page 41
            Page 42
            Page 43
            Page 44
            Page 45
            Page 46
            Page 47
            Page 48
            Page 49
            Page 50
            Page 51
            Page 52
            Page 53
            Page 54
            Page 55
            Page 56
            Page 57
            Page 58
            Page 59
            Page 60
            Page 61
            Page 62
            Page 63
            Page 64
            Page 65
            Page 66
            Page 67
            Page 68
            Page 69
            Page 70
            Page 71
            Page 72
        State finances: Report of comptroller Cowgill, for the year ending December 31, 1873
            Page 73
            Page 74
            Page 75
            Page 76
            Page 77
            Page 78
            Page 79
            Page 80
            Page 81
            Page 82
            Page 83
            Page 84
            Page 85
            Page 86
            Page 87
            Page 88
            Page 89
            Page 90
            Page 91
            Page 92
            Page 93
            Page 94
            Page 95
            Page 96
            Page 97
            Page 98
            Page 99
            Page 100
            Page 101
            Page 102
            Page 103
            Page 104
            Page 105
            Page 106
            Page 107
            Page 108
            Page 109
            Page 110
            Page 111
            Page 112
            Page 113
            Page 114
            Page 115
            Page 116
            Page 117
            Page 118
            Page 119
            Page 120
        Treasurer's report, for the year ending December 31, 1873
            Page 121
            Page 122
            Page 123
            Page 124
            Page 125
            Page 126
            Page 127
            Page 128
            Page 129
            Page 130
        Annual report of the commissioner of lands and immigration, for the year ending December 31, 1873
            Page 131
            Page 132
            Page 133
            Page 134
            Page 135
            Page 136
            Page 137
            Page 138
            Page 139
            Page 140
            Page 141
            Page 142
            Page 143
            Page 144
            Page 145
            Page 146
            Page 147
            Page 148
            Page 149
            Page 150
            Page 151
            Page 152
        Report of the secretary of the board of trustees of the internal improvement fund, for the year ending December 31, 1873
            Page 153
            Page 154
            Page 155
            Page 156
            Page 157
            Page 158
            Page 159
            Page 160
            Page 161
            Page 162
            Page 163
            Page 164
            Page 165
            Page 166
            Page 167
            Page 168
            Page 169
            Page 170
            Page 171
            Page 172
            Page 173
            Page 174
            Page 175
            Page 176
        Report of the sales of lands, for the year ending December 31, 1873
            Page 177
            Page 178
            Page 179
            Page 180
            Page 181
            Page 182
        Annual report of the secretary of state, for the year ending December 31, 1873
            Page 183
            Page 184
            Page 185
            Page 186
            Page 187
            Page 188
            Page 189
            Page 190
            Page 191
            Page 192
        Annual report of the adjutant-general with the report of the warden of the state prison, for the year ending December 31, 1873
            Page 193
            Page 194
            Page 195
            Page 196
            Page 197
            Page 198
            Page 199
            Page 200
            Page 201
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            Page 213
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            Page 217
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            Page 219
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            Page 221
            Page 222
            Page 223
            Page 224
Full Text
ASSEMBLY



JOURNAL.



A JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS

OF THE


ASSEMBLY

OF THE



STATE



OF



FLORIDA,
*



AT ITS

SEVENTH SESSION,

Begun and Held in the Capitol. in the City of Talla.
hassee, on Tuesday, January 6, 1874.



*



MALACHI MARTIN, (of Gadsden,) SPEAKER.
H. S. HARMON, (of Alachna,) CHIEF CLERK.



TALLAHASSEE:
HAMILTON JAY, STATE PRINTER.

1874.



a



w













JOURNAL
Of the Assembly of the State of Florida, at the Seventh Ses-
sion of the Legislature, begun and held at the Capitol,in
the City of Tallahassee, in the State of Florida, on Tuesday,
the 6th day of January, A. D. 1874, being the day fixed by
the Constitution of the State of Florida for the meeting of
the Legislature.


The Assembly was called to order at 12 o'clock, M., by Mr.
iH. S. Harmon, Chief Clerk.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
their names:
Messrs. Brinson. Bryant, Chadwick, Cruse, Gass, Gleason,
(Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hardee, Johnson, Llambias,
Lee of Hamilton, Lee of Sumter,.Long,. Martin, McInnis, Mc-
Millan, McKinnon, Mitchell, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson,
Osgood, Peeler, Petty, Proctor, Roberts, Speer, Swearingen,
Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace
and Washington-35.
A quoruni present.
Mr. Montgomery moved that members elected to fill vacan-
cies come forward, present their credentials and be sworn in
by the Chief Clerk.
Mr. McKinnon moved as a substitute that Mr. Martin take
the chair as temporary Speaker of the Assembly for the fur-
ther organization of the Assembly;
Upon which the yeas and nays were called for.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Brinson, Bryant, Chadwick, Crusee, Gass,
Gleason, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hardee, Johnson,
Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee of Sumter, Livingston,
McMillan, McKinnon, Mitchell, Neal of Jackson, Osgood,
Peeler, Petty, Roberts, Robinson, Speer, Swearingen, Thomp-
son of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann and Washing-
ton-32.
"Nays-Messrs. Montgomery, Proctor and Wallace-3.
So the substitute was adopted, and Mr. Martin took the
chair as temporary Speaker of the Assembly.
Mr. McKinnon moved that the Assembly adjourn until 12
o'clock, M.. to-morrow;





4



Upon which the yeas and nays were called for.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Brinson, Bryant, Green, Hagan, Hankins,
Hannah, Hardee, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, McMillan, Mce
Kinnon, Mitchell, Peeler, Proctor, Roberts, Speer, Swearin.
gen, Vann and Wallace-19.
Nays-Messrs. Cruse, Gass, Gleason, Johnson, Lee of Sum-
ter, Livingston, McInniss, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Os.
good, Petty, Robinson, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of
Jefferson and Washington-15.
So the motion was agreed to and the Assembly adjourned.



-



WEDNESDAY, January 7, 1874.
The Assembly met pursuant to adjournment.
'The roll being called, the following members answered to
their names:
Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Bryant, Chadwick.
Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Gleason, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Han-
nah, Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee
of Sumter, Livingston, Long, Martin, McInniss, McMillan,
'McKinnon, Mitchell, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Neal of
Liberty, Osgood, Peeler, Petty, Proctor, Roberts, Robinson,
"Small, Speer, Swearingen, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson
of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace and Washington-41..
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Carolina, Chaplain.
On motion of Mr. Mitchell, the reading of yesterday's jour-
nal was dispensed with and the journal corrected and ap-
proved.
Mr. McInniss moved, that all members elected to fill vacan-
toes present their credentials and be sworn in as members of
the Assembly. and called for the previous question;
Upon the question, Shall the main question be now put ?
The vote was:
Yeas--Messrs. Chadwick,' Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Gleason,
Johnson, Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, Mont-
gomery, Neal of Jackson,-Osgood, Petty, Proctor, Robinson,
Small, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Wal-
lace and Washington-21.



q







Nays-Messrs, Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Browne, Bry-
ant, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hope, Llambias, Lee of
Hamilton, McMillan, McKinnon, Mitchell, Neal of Liberty,
Peeler, Roberts, Speer, Swearingen and Vann-21.
The Chairman being called upon to vote voted yea.
So the main question was ordered.
The motion of Mr. McInniss was agreed to.
The following members elect came forward and were sworn
in as members of the Assembly by the Chief Clerk:
John Sunday and Charles Rouse, from Escambia county;
LeRoy D. Ball and John N. Stokes, from Leon county;
Washington Rogers, from Levy county;
J. W. Menard, from Duval county ;
James D. Starke, from Volusia county.
Mr. Wallace moved that Mr. Osgood be elected permanent,
Speaker of the Assembly.
Mr. Mitchell moved that the Assembly adjourn until to-
morrow, ten o'clock;
Upon which the yeas and nays were called for.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Browne, Bry-
ant, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hope, Llambias, Lee of
Hamilton, McMillan, McKinnon, Mitchell, Neal of Liberty,
Peeler, Rogers, Roberts, Speer, Starke, Swearingen and
Vann-22.
Nays-Messrs. Ball, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Glean
son, Hardee, Johnson, Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, Mc-
[nniss, Menard, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Osgood, Petty1
Proctor, Robin- son, Small, Stokes, Thompson of Columbia,
Thompson of Jefferson, Wallace and Washington-27.
So the Assembly refused to adjourn.
The Chairman ruled that the next thing in order was the
election of a Speaker.
Upon which the Assembly proceeded to the election of
Speaker, with the following result:
For OSGooD-Messa's. Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Livingston,
Long, McInniss, Menard, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson,
Petty, Robinson, Rouse, Small, Stokes, Sunday, Thompson of
Columbia, Wallace and Washington-18.
For SWEARINGEN-Messrs. Brinson. Bryant, Hagan, Han-
kins, Hardee, Hope, Llambias, Mitchell, Speer, Starke and
Vann-11.
For MARTIN-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Browne, Chad-
wick, Gr3en, Hannah, Johnson, Lee of Hamilton, Lee of
Sumter, McMillan, McKinnon. Neal of Liberty, Peeler and
Roberts-13.





6



For WALLACE-Messrs. Ball, Gleason, Osgood and Proctor-4.
Neither of the candidates having received a majority of the
'otes cast, the Chairman declared that there was no election.
Mr. Mitchell moved to take a recess until 3 o'clock, P. M.;
Upon which the yeas and nays were called for.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson, Browne,
Bryant, Gleason, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hardee,
Hope, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, McMillan, McKinnon,
Mitchell, Neal of Liberty, Peeler, Rogers, Roberts, Speer,.
SStarke, Swearingen and Vann-25.
Nays-Messrs. Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Johnson,
Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, Menard, Mont-
,gomery, Neal of Jackson, Osgood, Petty, Proctor, Robinson,
Rouse, Small, Stokes, Sunday, Thompson of Columbia, Thomp-
-son of Jefferson, Wallace and Washington-24.
So the motion was agreed to, and the Assembly took a
recess until three o'clock, P. M.


THREE O'CLOCK, P. M.
SThe Assembly resumed its session.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
their names:
SMessrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson, Bryant, Chad-
wick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Han-
nah, Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton,
Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, McMillan, Mc-
Kinnon, Menard, Mitchell, Montgomery, Neal of Liberty,
Osgood, Peeler, Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Robinson, Rouse,
Small, Speer, Starke, Stokes. Sunday, Swearingen, Thompson
of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace and
Washington-46.
A quorum present.
Mr. Mitchell moved that the Assembly adjourn intil to-
morrow morning, 11 o'clock;
Upon which the yeas and nays were called for.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Bryant, Hagan,
Hankins, Hope, Lee of Hamilton,. Lee of Sumter, McMillan,
Mitchell, Neal of Liberty, Peeler, Rogers, Speer, Swearingen
and Vann-1.6.
Nays-Messrs. Ball, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Han-
nah, Hardee, Johnson, Llambias, Livingston, Long, McInniss,
McKinnon, Menard, Montgomery, Osgood, Petty, Proctor,






7

Robinson, Rouse, Small, Starke, Stokes, Sunday, Thompson
of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Wallace and Washing-
ton-28.
So the Assembly refused to adjourn. -
On motion of Mr. Chadwick, the Assembly. proceeded to
the election of a permanent Speaker, with the following result:
For MARTIN-Messrs. Atkins of Fraliklin, Brinson, Green,
Hankins, Hannah, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee of Sumter,
McMillan, McKinnon, Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty,
Peeler, Roberts, Speer, Starke, Swearingen and Vann-18..
For OsGooD-Messrs. Ball, Chadwick, Coleman, Cripe, lGas;
Gleason, Johnson, Livingston, Long, McInniss, Menard,
Montgoimery, Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Robiiison, Rouse,.
Small, Stokes, Sunday, Thompson of Columbia, Thompsonf .of
Jefferson and Wallace-23.
For SWEARINGEN-Messrs. Bryant, Hagan, Hardee, Hope
and Mitchell-5.
Neither of the candidates having received.a majority of the
votes cast, the Chairman declared that there was no election.
On motion of Mr. McKinnon, the Assembly proceeded to
another ballot, with the following result:
For MARTIN-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Browne,
Chadwick, Cruse, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hope,.
Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Livingston, McMillan,
McKinnon, Menard, Mitchell, Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty,
Peeler, Roberts, Speer, Starke, Stokes, Swearingen and
Vann-27.
For OSGOOD-Messrs. Ball, Coleman, Gass, Gleason, Lee of
Sumter, Long, McInniss, Montgomery, Petty, Proctor, Rogers,
Robinson, Rouse, Small, Sunday, Thompson of Columbia,
Thompson of Jefferson, Wallace and Washington-19.
For SwEARINGEN-Messrs. Bryant and Hardee-2.
Mr. Martin having received a majority of all the votes cast,
was declared by the Chief Clerk elected Speaker of the As-
sembly.
On motion, Messrs. Ball, Osgood and Swearingen were ap-
pointed a committee to conduct the Speaker elect to the Chair.
On motion, the Assembly adjourned until twelve o'clock, M.,
to-morrow.


'A



f





8



THURSDAY, January 8, 1874.
The Assembly met pursuant to adjournment.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson,
Browne, Bryant, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Gleason,
Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hardee, Hope, Johnson,
LIambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long,
McInniss, McMilan, Mcinnon, Menard, Mitchell, Mont-
gomery, Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler,
Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Roberts, Robinson, Rouse, Small,
Speer, Starke, Stokes, Sunday, Swearingen, Thompson of
Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Yann, Wallace and Wash-
ington-50.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
On motion of Mr. Gass, the reading of yesterday's journal
was dispensed with and the journal corrected and approved.
Mr. Menard moved that a committee of three be appointed
to inform the Senate that the Assembly is organized and ready
for business;
Which was agreed to, and Messrs. Menard, McKinnon and
Johnson appointed said committee.
After a brief absence, the committee returned and reported
that they had performed their duty, and were discharged.
Mr. Wallace-offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the Committee on Privileges and Elections
be abolished, and that all contestants shall, come before the
Assembly in the Committee of the Whole.
Which was read.
On motion of Mr. McKinnon, the resolution was laid on the
table.
Mr. Montgomery offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That one hundred copies of the day's Journals of
the Assembly be printed unless otherwise ordered.
Which was read.
Mr. McInniss moved to amend by adding two hundred
copies ;"
Which was, on motion of Mr. Mitchell, laid on the table.
The Speaker ruled that the tabling of the amendment carried
the resolution with it.
Mr. Speer offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That diuing the present session the Assembly





9
Hall shall not be used for any purpose other than the ue of
the Assembly.
Which was read.
Mr. Wallace moved to lay the resolution on the table;
Which was not agreed to.
On motion, the resolution was adopted.
Mr. Osgood offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the rules of last session be adopted as the
rules to govern the present session.
Which was read and adopted.
Mr. Montgomery offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the Sergeant-at-Arms be ordered to furnish
one hundred and fifty ($150) dollars worth of stationery fd6
the use of the Assembly.
Which was read and adopted.
On motion of Mr. Gleason, the Assembly adjourned until, 1
o'clock, to-morrow.


STANDING RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY.

OF THE DUTIES AND POWERS OF THE SPEAKER.
RULE 1. The Speaker shall take the Chair every day at the
hour to which the Assembly shall have adjourned; shall cal
the members to order, and on the appearance of a quorum, shall
proceed to business.
RULE 2. He shall preserve decorum and order; may speak to
points of order in preference to other members; and shall decide
all questions of order, subject to an appeal to the Assembly by
motion regularly seconded; and no other business shall be in
order till the question on the appeal shall have been decided.
RULE 3. He shall declare all votes; but if any member rises
to doubt a vote, the Speaker shall order a return of the.number
voting in the affirmative and in the negative, without any further
debate upon the question.
RULE 4. He shall rise to put a question, or to address the
Assembly, but may read sitting.
RULE 5. In all cases the Speaker may vote.
RULE 6. When the Assembly shall determine to go into a
committee of the whole Assembly, the Speaker shall appoint the
member who shall take the Chair.
RULE 7. On all questions and motions whatsoever, the Speak-
er shall take the sense of the Assembly by yeas and nays, provi-





10



ded two of the members present shall so require. When the
yeas and nays are taken, the roll of the Assembly shall be called
in alphabetical order, and no member shall be allowed to vote
who shall not be upon the floor of the Assembly at the time his
name is called, or before the roll-call is finished.
RULE 8. He shall propound all questions in the order in which
they are moved, unless the subsequent motion be previous in its
mature, except that, in naming sums and fixing times, the largest
sum and longest time shall be put first.
RULE 9. After a motion is stated or read by the Speaker, it
ball be deemed to be in possession of the Assembly, and shall
be disposed of by vote of the Assembly; but the mover may
withdraw it at any time before a decision or amendment, except
a motion to reconsider, which shall not be withdrawn after the
time has elapsed within which it could be originally made.
RULE 10. When a question is under debate, the Speaker shall
receive no motion but to adjourn, to lay on the table, for the
previous question, to postpone to a day certain,- to commit, to
amend, or to postpone indefinitely; which several motions shall
have precedence in the order in which they stand arranged; and
a motion to strike out the enabling clause of a bill shall be equiva-
Ibnt to a motion to postpone indefinitely.
RULE 11. He shall consider a motion to adjourn as always
frst in order; and that motion, and the motions to lay on the
table, to take up from the table, and for yeas and nays, shall be
decided without debate.
RULE 12. He shall put the previous question in the following
form: "Shall the main question be nowo put?" and all debate.
upon the main question and pending amendments shall be sus-
pended until the previous question shall be decided. After the
adoption of the previous question, the sense of the Assembly
shall forthwith be taken on pending amendments in their regular
order, andthen upon the main question.
RULE 13. On the previous question there shall be no debate.
RuLE 14. When two or more members happen to rise at once,
the Speaker shall name the member who is first to speak.
RUf 15. All committees shall be appointed and announced
by the Speaker, unless otherwise specially directed by the As-
sembly.
RULE 16. The Speaker shall have the right to name any mem-
ber to perform the duties of the Chair; but such substitution
shall not extend beyond an adjournment.
OF THE DUTIES, RIGHTS AND DECORUM OF THE MEMBERS.
RULE 17. Every member, when about to speak, shall rise and*
respectfully address the Speaker; shall confine himself to the
iestion under debate, and avoid personality, and shall sit down





11



when he has finished. No member shall speak out of his place
without leave of the Speaker.
RULE 18. No member speaking shall be interrupted by an- ..
other, but by rising to call to order.
RULE 19. No member shall speak more. than twice on one
question, without first obtaining leave of the Assembly; nor
more than once, until.the other members who have not spoken
shall speak, if they desire it.
RULE 20. When a vote has passed, it shall be in order for any
member of the majority to move for a reconsideration thereof
on the same or the succeeding day; and such motion (except in
the last week of the session) shall be placed first in the orders
of the day for the day succeeding that on which the motion is
made; and when a motion for reconsideration is decided, that
decision shall not be reconsidered, and no question shall be twice
reconsidered; Provided, however, That a motion to reconsider a
vote, upon any collateral matter, shall not remove the main sub-
ject under consideration from before the Assembly, but shall be
considered at the time when it is made.
RULE 21. Bills, resolves, and other papers, except orders of
notice, in reference to which any member has a right -to move a
reconsideration, shall remain in the possession of the Clerk until
the right of reconsideration has expired; Provided, That the
operation of this rule'shall be suspended during the last week of
the session.
RULE 22. No member shall be obliged to be on more than two
committees at the same time, nor Chairman of more than one.
RULE 23. No member shall be permitted to stand up to the
interruption of another while any member is speaking, or to pass
unnecessarily between the Speaker of the Assembly and the per-
son speaking; nor shall any member be permitted in the alleys,
or in the area in front of the Chair, during the session of the
Assembly.
RULE 24. All proceedings of the Assembly with closed doors,
and every matter relating to the same, shall be kept secret until
after the Assembly shall remove the injunction of secresy.
RULE 25. Every member who shall neglect to give his attend-
ance in the Assembly for more than six days afer the session
commences, shall, on making his appearance therein, be held to
render the reason of such neglect; and in case the reason as-
"signed shall be deemed by the Assembly sufficient, such member
shall be entitled to receive pay for his travel and not otherwise;
and no. member shall be absent more than one day without leave
of the Assembly, and a vote of leave of absence shall be inopera-
tive unless the member obtaining it shall avail himself of it with-
in five days.
RULE 26. When any member shall be guilty of a breach of





12



either of the rules and orders of the Assembly, he may be re-
quired by the Assembly, on motion, to make satisfaction therefore,
and shall not be allowed to vote or speak, except by way of
excuse, till he has done so.
RuLE 27. No member shall be permitted to vote, or serve on
any committee, in any question where his private right is imme-
diately concerned, distinct from the public interest.
RULE 28. Every member who shall be in the Assembly when
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest, shall give
his vote, unless the Assembly, for special reasons, shall excuse
him. Any member desiring to be so excused on any question,
shall make application to that effect before the Assembly is di-
vided, or before the calling of the yeas and nays; and such ap-
plication shall be accompanied by a brief statement of reasons,
and shall be decided without debate.
RULE 29. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the
Speaker shall so direct.
RtrLa 30. Any member may call for the division of a question
when the sense will admit of it. A motion to strike out and in-
sert shall be deemed indivisible; but a motion to strike out be-
ing lost, shall neither preclude amendment nor a motion to strike
out and insert.
RULE 31.. Motions and reports may be committed or recom-
mitted, at the pleasure of the Assembly.
RULE 32. No motion or proposition of a subject different
from that under consideration shall be admitted under color of
amendment.
RULE 33.- The unfinished business in which the Assembly was
engaged at the time of the last adjournment, shall have the
preference in the orders of the day, next after motions for recon-
sideration.
.RRULE 34. No rule or order of the Assembly shall be dispensed
with, or repealed, unless a majority of the members present shall
consent thereto.
SRUL 835. When a vote is doubted, the members for or against
the question, when called on by the Speaker, shall rise and stand
uncovered till they are counted.
RUaE 36. All questions relating to the priority of business to
be acted upon shall be decided without debate..
Ruiz 37. When a motion is made to refer any subject, and
different commrtees shall be proposed, the question shall be ta-
ken in the following order: A Standing Committee'of the As-
sembly;. a Joint Standing Committee; a Select Committee; a
Joint Select Committee.
SRuLe 38. It shall be the duty of each member of the Assem-
bly who moves that any Standing Committee be instructed to
inquire into the expediency of amending an existing law or laws,





13



to point out the amendment which he deems expedient,.in.writing,
to accompany his motion, or to furnish a written statement there-
of to such committee, if by them required.
RULE 39. No stranger shall be admitted to the seats of mem-
bers, or upon the floor of the Assembly, without leave of: the
Speaker, or consent of the Assembly.
OF PETITIONS, MEMORIALS, ETC.
RULE 40. All papers addressed to the Assembly, except pe-
titions, memorials and remonstrances, shall be presented by the
Speaker, or by a member in his place, and shall be read by the
Speaker, Clerk, or such other person as the Speaker may request,
and shall be taken up in the order in which they were presented,
unless where the Assembly shall otherwise direct.
RULE .41. Every member presenting to the Assembly a peti-
tion, memorial, or remonstrance, shall endorse his name thereon,
with a brief statement of the nature and object of the instrument,
and the reading of the same from the Chair shall, in all 'instan-
ces, be dispensed with, unless specially ordered by the Assembly.
RULE 42. All reports, petitions, memorials, remonstrances,
and papers of a like nature, shall be presented during the first
hour of each session of the Assembly, and at no other time; and
the Speaker shall call on the several divisions, in regular Succes-
sion, for such paper.
RULE 43. All applications for the use of the Assembly Cham-
ber shall be made to and decided upon by the Committee on
Public Buildings, subject, however, to the control and order of
the Assembly.
ON BILLS, RESOLUTIONS AND GRANTS.
RULE 44. Every bill, and all resolutions of a public nature, or
for the appropriation of the public money, shall receive three
readings previously to the final passage of such bill or resolution;
and the Clerk shall give notice of each, whether it be the first,
second or third readings, which readings shall be on three dif-
ferent days, unless two-thirds of the members present shall de-
termine otherwise.
RULE 45. All bills and resolves shall be written in a fair, round
hand, without interlineations, on not less than one sheet of paper,
with suitable margins and spaces between the several sections,
or resolves.
RULE 46. At the second reading of any bill or resolution, it
shall be in order for any member to move its commitment. to a
Committee of the Whole House; that it lay on the table; for its
indefinite postponement; for its postponement to a day certain
not beyond the session; for its commitment to a Standing Com-





14



Mtittee; to a Select Committee; or to amend ; which motions
shall have precedence in the order above stated.
.RULE 47. It shall Aot be in order to amend the title of any
bill or resolution until it shall have passed its third reading.
RULE 48. All bills or resolutions to be engrossed shall be exe-
cuted in a fair, round hand, and without erasure or interlinea-
/ tions.
RULE 49. Before a bill or resolution requiring three readings
shall be read the third time, it shall be carefully engrossed under
the direction of the Committee on Engrossed Bills, and upon the
third reading of the bill or resolution it shall not be committed
or amended without the consent of a majority of the members
present.
RULE 50. When a-bill or resolution shall have passed its third
reading, it shall be certified by the Clerk, endorsing thereon the
day of its passage, and be. transmitted to the Senate, accompa-
nied with a message stating the title of the bill or resolution, and
asking the concurrence of that body, and the date of its trans-
mission entered upon the journal.
COMMITTEES-THEIR POWERS AND -DUTIES.
RULE 51. Bills committed to a committee of the whole Assem-
bly shall be read and debated, or amended by clauses or sections,
leaving the title or preamble to be last considered. The body
of said bill shall not be interlined or defaced, but all amendments,
noting the page and line, shall be duly entered by the Clerk on
separate paper, as the same shall be agreed to by the committee,
and so reported to the Assembly. After report, the bill shall
again be subject to be debated and amended by clauses or sec-
tions.
RULE 52. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Enrolled
Bills to report at any time.
OF COMMITTEES, THEIR POWERS AND DUTIES.
RULE 53. The following Standing Committees shall be ap-
pointed at the commencement of the political year, viz.:
Judiciary, Claims,
Finance and Taxation, City and County Organization,
Incorporation, Education,
Militia, Legislative Expenditures,
Agricultural, Public Printing,
Enrolled Bills, Engrossed Bills,
Privileges and Elections, State Institutions,
Railroads, Public Lands,
Indiani Affairs, Commerce and Navigation,
and each of these committees shall consist of five members.





15

RULE 54. All papers, relative to any business before the As-
sembly, shall be left with the Clerk, by any member who ma
obtain leave of absence, and may have any such papers in Ifi
possession.
RULE 55. The chairman of any committee, except the Stand-
ing Committees, who shall have business referred to them, shall
make report of their doings therein within four days after such
reference.
RULE 56. All committees may report by bill, resolve, or oth-
erwise.
RULE 57. Messages shall be transmitted to the Governor-or
Senate by the Clerk or Sergeant-at-Arms.
RULE 58. Order of business:
1st. Motions.
2d. Petitions, memorials and other papers addressed to either
the Assembly, or the Speaker thereof.
3d. Resolutions.
4th. Reports of Standing Committees.
5th. Reports of Select Committees.
6th. Messages lying on the table.
7th. Orders of the day.
RULE 59. The rule of Parliamentary practice, comprised in
Jefferson's Manual, shall govern the Assembly in all cases te
which they are applicable, and in which they are not inconsistent
with the Standing Rules, order of the Assembly, or the Joint
Rules of the two branches of the Legislature.



~-0



FRIDAY, January 9, 1814.

The Assembly met pursuant to adjournment.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson,
Browne, Bryant, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Green, Ha-
ran Hankins, Hannah, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Le eof Ham-
ton, Lee of Sumter, Livingston, McInnis, McMillan, McKn-
non, Menard, Mitchell, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Nealof
Liberty, Osgood, Peeler, Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Roberts,
Robinaon, Rouse, Small, Speer, Starke, Stokes, Sunday, Swear-





16



ingen, Thompson of Columbia, Vann, Wallace, Washington
and Weeks-47.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Scott of Duval.
On motion of Mr. McInniss, the reading of yesterday's jour-
nal was dispensed with, and the journal corrected and ap-
proved.
The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, January 9, 1874.
Hon. M. MARTIN, Speaker of the Assembly:
SIR: I am directed to inform you that the Senate has this
day adopted-
A resolution to appoint a joint committee of two from the
Senate and three from the Assembly, to wait upon his Excel-
lency, the Governor, and notify him that the General Assem-
bly is duly organized and ready to receive any communication
that he may be pleased to make, and that Senators Pearce and
McCaskill have been appointed said committee on the part of
the Senate, and respectfully requests the concurrence of the
Assembly thereto.
Respectfully,
W. H. LECAIN, Ass't Secretary.
Which was read, and on motion, the accompanying resolution
adopted.
SThe Speaker appointed Messrs. Browne, Osgood and John-
son said committee on the part of the Assembly.
The resolution ordering one hundred copies of the day's
journal printed for the use of the Assembly, which was laid on
the table yesterday under the ruling of the Speaker,
Was called up, and on motion of Mr. Montgomery, adopted.
Mr. Swearingen offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the attaches of the Assembly shall consist of
a Sergeant-at-Arms, a Door-keeper and two Pages.
Which was read.
Mr.. McInniss moved to lay the resolution on the table;
Which was not agreed to.
Mr. Ball offered the following as a substitute:
"That the number of officers and attaches of the Assembly
remain the same as at the last session.
Which was read.
Upon the adoption of the substitute the yeas and nays were
aUlled for and were:
Yeas-Messrs. Ball, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Gleason, Johnson,
Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, Menard, Osgood,






17
Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Robinson, Rouse, Small, Stokes, Sun-
day, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Wallace
and Washington-24.
Nays-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Browne, Bryo
ant, Chadwick, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hope, Llam-
bias, Lee of Hamilton, McMillan, McKinnon, Mitchell, Mont.
gomery, Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Peeler, Roberts,
peer, Starke, Swearingen, Vann and Weeks-25.
So the substitute was not adopted.
Mr. McKinnon moved the adoption of the original reso-
lution.
Mr. Johnson moved that the further consideration of the
resolution be postponed until Monday next, at half-past one
o'clock, P. M;
Which was agreed to'.
On motion of Mr. Brinson, the Hon. Mr. Roberts was ex-
cused from further attendance on the Assembly for ten days,
owing to sickness in his family.
The committee appointed to wait upon his Excellency, the.
Governor, and inform him of the organization of the Assembly,
reported that his Excellency would immediately communicate
with the Assembly.
The committee were discharged.
The following message was received from his Excellency the
Governor:
2j








19



GOVERNOR'S. MESSAGE.


STATE OF FLORIDA,
EXECUTIVE OFFICE, TALLAHASSEE, FLAIy. .
January 1, 1874.
Gentlemen of the Legislature :
THE GENERAL CONDITION.
Under the kind providence of God, after much physical siif
fearing, I am permitted to address to you my annual message in
obedience to the requirements of the Constitution. The year
that has just passed and quietly glided into history has been
one of extraordinary hardship and disaster to the people of
Florida. To the annual ravages of the caterpillar have been
added terrific storms that have blasted some of the- hopes of
the farmers, and destroyed a large amount of property; and to
these have been superadded a'great financial crisis, originating
at the North, but extending its influence through the entire.
country. Under these accumulated disasters the people of our
beloved State have my heartfelt sympathy. It is gratifying t
know that this season of severe trial has not broken the spirit
of the people, and that a determined purpose to bear up under
misfortune, and a will to contend for success, is still very gener-
ally -manifested. It is also very gratifying to know that the
spirit of political hatred and bitterness, which was the fruit of
the great rebellion, is well nigh extinguished, and that the peo-.
ple of all parties are more united and harmonized than they
have been for many years. Indeed, an era of good feeling and.
political toleration seems to have dawned throughout thA State..
Political antagonisms still exist, but that peculiar acerbity and
rankling animosity that once characterized political opposition
has given place to the ordinary antagonisms that are legitimate-
and founded upon reasonable differences of opinions. -
That spirit of lawlessness which at one time threatened the
peace of the Commonwealth, and which broke out in disgraceful
outrages, disturbing the peace of society, and throwing some
counties into a state of violent agitation, has, under the man.





20



agement of prudent and determined local officers, subsided, and
is now obedient to the wholesome restraints of the law.
From my standpoint of observation as Chief Executive, view-
ing as I do our past political history, the present condition of
the State and the reasonable expectations that the immediate
future holds out, I have strong reasons for entertaining the
hope that our beloved State has passed through the severest
fires of its affliction, and that henceforth, by the united will and
purpose of our whole people, peace and good government will
be secured, and the people become prosperous and happy. I
have reasonable assurances for this hope, in the fact that all
political parties seem united to this end. God has given to us
a goodly heritage. The bright skies, balmy and healthful
atmosphere, and genial and fruitful soil of Florida is now
largely attracting the attention of the people of the North. A
good government, with wise and wholesome laws and a quiet
and industrious and law-abiding citizenship is all that is required
to make Florida, at no distant day, a prosperous and happy
Commonwealth.
The condition of my health has been such that my physicians
thought it advisable for me to spend the summer North. .Dur-
ing my absence from the State, the Lieutenant-Governor consti-
tutionally became the Acting Governor, and I am happy to say
that in his administration of the affairs of the government he
has proven that the confidence placed in him by the people at
the last general election was not misplaced.
FINANCIAL.
Your wise financial policy for reaching a condition of cash
payments established at your last session by the new law for
the collection of the revenue and the act known as the Funding
Bill started well and is progressing hopefully. We have en-
oountered many difficulties in obtaining assessors who will dili-
gently assess all the taxable property, and collectors of revenue
who will faithfully collect and pay over, but have generally
succeeded in obtaining better men to hold those offices than
many who have heretofore held them, and now under the wise
provisions of your new tax law the revenue is being better as-
sessed, collected, and paid in than ever before in the history of





21
our State. This fact, working together hand in hand within
earnest economy everywhere urged and practiced by the Com1p
troller, and in fact by every department of the administration,
has already lessened the volume of scrip afloat and issuing
every day, and eased the treasury some in regard to expenses
that must be paid in cash. Shortly after the passage of the
funding law we obtained the implied promise of the Board of
Trustees of the Agricultural College Fund to invest the pro-
ceeds of the sale of their scrip with the Comptroller for new
bonds, in order that the treasury.of the State might have the
benefit of that much cash to help along the beneficent policy. of
the funding law. The first effect of this promise was the ap-
preciation of the price of scrip and of the credit of the State-
to a noticeable extent. While under said law the Comptroller
was diligently at work disposing of bonds and with the pro-
ceeds redeeming old bonds that had been hypothecated in New
York, the said promise was frequently, with apparent hearty
cheerfulness, creating the most perfect confidence, renewed by
the said board through. its treasurer, when, at the moment of
highest expectation of fulfillment and immediate relief to the
credit and finances of the State, it turned out to our astonish-
ment and consternation that the said board was deceiving us
all the while, and had invested their money in bonds which the
Comptroller had sold in New York while redeeming said hy-
pothecated bonds, thus leaving the money in New York in-
stead of bringing it to Florida. This great disappointment
gave a check to the progress of our good work, and the viola-
tion of the promise has otherwise wrought mischief to the
State. But this unwise act of the said board towards Florida
cannot affect the real value of our new bonds. They are and
will necessarily remain among the best of securities, and as soon
as the late universal business panic shall have subsided we may
confidently expect them to find sale at the price fixed, and the
policy of the funding law to be in a reasonable time a fair
triumph for Florida. I hold the board responsible because of
its emphatic endorsement of the action of its treasurer. The
only excuse that I have heard is that in June the treasurer or
the board saw a contract made by the Governor and Comp-
troller giving the entire control of all of these bonds to the





22



New York man. I have reason to believe that the investment
with him was virtually made before said treasurer saw the con-
traet to which he refers. That contract will be found in the
report of the Comptroller, and it will be seen that no reasonable
*ad fair construction can torture it into such a meaning. The.
* Comptroller was in frequent, almost daily, communication with
,aid-treasurer, urging the performance of said promise, and was
.s .often assured that it would soon be done, that there was
smne difficulty in obtaining said proceeds from the purchasers
of .said scrip, but that it would soon be done all right. The
said treasurer well knew that all of said bonds that had not
been disposed of in New York were in the Comptroller's pos-
session, in Tallahassee. I cannot imagine any good reason why
.we should have been thus deceived and said money left in New
York instead of being brought to Florida, and I recommend
an investigation with the view of ascertaining what was the
.inducement, provided it can be done without expense to the
.treasury.
.'For once our State Government has passed through one entire
.year without any increase of its indebtedness, but with a percep-
ible Adiminution thereof, although the expenditures under the
appropriations have been heavy. This result, however, has
.been effected only through the aid of back taxes that cannot be
Slepended upon in future, and in order to pay our interest and
eaeessary expenses without still more increasing our burdens,
"imstrenchment and economy and good management must every-
-wire prevail. The expenses of the Legislature should be
diminished. The report of the Comptroller shows how unneces-
*ary and erroneous some of them have been-the payment of
clerk in the Senate $200, who got his work done for $10 for
example. The items for printing for the tVo Houses will show
you how very much you can save to the treasury by refusing to
yield to the many temptations to order printing done. The
reportss of the heads of departments, all of which are herewith
Transmitted, except that of the Attorney-General, not received,
wre made to the Governor, and he alone may be supposed to
-kave them, but the printer obtains and prints them long
before the Governor sees them, and feels sure that, according
to custom, the House, one or the other or both, can be induced





D V
to order many hundreds, perhaps sometimes thousafis, bf
copies printed. This expense when sumtoed-up is vety' heavy.
I am informed that the last report of the late Commissibhei r if
Lands and Immigration cost the treasury 12,000, when it is
thought that it could have been done in New. York for -bbut
$200. It is uncertain what good, if any, it has done. "The
printing of the present report of the Superintendent of Publie'
Instruction will cost the State treasury some thousands ofI dol-
lars, unless you shall determine otherwise. I respectfilly;"n-
vite your close scrutiny of the report of the Comptroller for "e-
liable and particular information upon these subjects. 'The
remedy for all of these evils is in your hands and the respo'isi-
bility rests with you. I:have no doubt that-you will orrdet
them wisely, and prevent them now and in future.
The largest and most unsatisfactory source of expense to 'the
treasury of the State is for jurors and witnesses. It is feared'tlat'
this year, 1873, in spite of all efforts on my part to economize in
this matter, it will amount to $70,000. By the commendable
diligence of the State Attorney of the Fifth Circuit, and his in-
dustrious attention to the duties of his office, this expense has *
been in that circuit much reduced. from what it formerly
amounted to. The Comptroller at Tallahassee cannot examine
into and properly adjust such accounts as well as it can be done
in the counties where they -occur. I recommend the passage of
a law at this session placing such expenses in the counties, giving
power to regulate the pay at any sum not to exceed $1.25 per
diem. Some persons will then serve for less, and some without
charge. The plan presented by the Comptroller in'aid of our
present laws for the future improvement of our financial affairs
is cordially recommended for your favorable action. Indeed;
having examined it, I recommend the whole of that officer's
report to your careful consideration.
The agencies of insurance companies from elsewhere, even
from Europe, make much money out of the people and send it
away to enrich other communities, and pay no license. I am
informed that in Pennsylvania they are taxed to the full extent
of their profits, and that still there is no lack of them there. I
recommend a license tax on them. Also, the revival of the law
requiring them to deposit State bonds of Florida before doing





24



business. Whilst traders in drugs and medicines have a license
tax imposed upon them, traders in many other specialties,
such as dry goods, groceries, animals, &c., &c., have no such
tax to pay. Any such discrimination is impolitic and unjust.
I recommend a judicious increase of the revenue from all such
sources, so that Florida may no longer be truthfully charged
with never paying neither interest nor principal of her debt.
Let any man who loves Florida so well as that he can some-
times lose self in anxiety for the general good, go among the
dealers. in State securities, and he will blush for the facts fa-
miliar there that give her a reputation totally destructive of
all credit. Our State can never have a good name abroad while
such facts exist, and, as one representing all the people of the
State, I most earnestly appeal to you, gentlemen of the Legis-
lature, representing the several constituencies, to enact at once
any and all measures which may, in the hands of an anxious
Executive, tend to rescue Florida from' such a reputation, and
from even the faintest shadow of it. We should have credit
whether we use it or not, because it means a good name.
When the determination is made manifest it is in fact easier of
earnest accomplishment than some people would believe it to be.
All persons whose selfish doings for their own advancement
outweigh all other considerations, willing to deceive. and
mislead the ignorant poor for whatever of their purposes are
from time to time on foot; and demagogues, always with more
tongue than brains, are still clamoring, as they always have
been, against high and oppressive taxation. The poll tax is
but a dollar.. It is property that pays the taxes, and neglect of
public duties and other bad management and extravagances
that make them seem to be high and oppressive. Taxes are
never high. Each item of property is taxed but very little in
proportion to its real value in the hands of a good person.
Government is a protection to it every hour. But for it all
vice would be turned loose and all property and personal safety
soon destroyed. It is more surprising that there is so much of
peace, protection, and safety under so little of real government
and that upon such very small contributions from each particular
kind of property.
It will be seen by the report of the Comptroller that of the





25



$408,000 of our bonds of 1868 and 1869 hypothecated in New
York and Tallahassee for $147,040.39, at 19 per cent. per an-
num interest for the past three years, $387,000 with past due
coupons have been redeemed with.$201,455.42 obtained by the
sale of the bonds of 1873 issued under the funding law at 6
per cent. interest, and the remaining $21,000 are probably now
on their way to Tallahassee for redemption. These new bonds
are so well backed up," as the brokers say, that they are pre-
ferred of course to any others not so well secured. There are
well grounded expectations that the remainder of them will
bring the price fixed for them within the present year. The
report of the Comptroller also shows that the remaining bonds
authorized to be funded in these new bonds amount to $307,000
principal, and $183,937.45 interest-$490,937.75. There is
every reason to believe that these old bonds will be at once
funded, with the exception of the $132,000 of 1857 bonds held
by Indian Trust Fund, with interest due $110,320. I recom-
mend that Congress be requested to give the Secretary of the
Interior Department power to exchange these bonds, with ac-
cumulated interest, for the new bonds. By that report you will
also see a fair prospect, under good management, of the absorp-
tion of warrants (scrip), checked, it is true, by the strange action
of the Trustees of the Agricultural College Fund, but still pos-
sessing a vital force that gives fair promise of final success in
reaching prompt cash payments.
RAILROADS.
Upon this subject I will state the general features of the
case of the Jacksonville, Pensacola and Mobile Railroad as
they now seem to bear upon our public interests and affairs.
There is nothing in the affairs of any other of our railroads, as
far as I have been able to learn them, that appears to me to
require special reference at this time. In conformity to enact-
ments of the Legislature duly passed and approved according
to all the forms prescribed by the Constitution, $4,000,000 of 8
per cent. interest bearing bonds of this State were issued and
given to the Jacksonville, Pensacola and Mobile Railroad Com-
pany to enable it to complete our line of said road west to Peti-
sacola and extend it to Mobile, which I do not think the said





96



eoimpany ever intended to do. It has disposed of most of these
bonds in Europe, and either still holds or has disposed of the
remainder. Some of the interest has been paid by said company
out of the proceeds of the sale of said bonds, which I am not
sure amounts to a payment of interest. More interest became
due on the 1st of July last, and was not paid by said company,
and it is believed that said company do not intend to pay any
more of the interest.
By the provisions of the said law the railroads known as the
Florida, Atlantic and Gulf Central Railroad, the Pensacola and
Georgia Railroad, and the Tallahassee Railroad might be con-
solidated'by the said Jacksonville, Pensacola and Mobile Rail-
road Company, and constitute an entire'line of constructed
railroad belonging to said company; otherwise the said com-
pany had no road under that name, but was to build one from
Quincy to Mobile. When the said roads should be consolidated
the said statute reserves to the State a statutory lien on the
whole line, and provides for mortgage bonds of said company on
said entire line to be delivered to the State to secure the pay-
ment of the interest and principal of said bonds, and if the said
company should at any time be twelve months in arrears of pay-
ments of interest the Governor might take possession of said
railroad and sell or use it to secure the amount of said interest
and principal. Whatever we may think of such a law, or of the
ability or inability of our good people to pay $320,000 per annum
more than the.present burden for interest, and also to establish
a fund to provide for the principal of said bonds so frittered
away, or of the secret influence used to induce its passage, or of
the question whether or not all its provisions for the issuing of
the bonds were properly complied with, it is there on the
statute book, regularly passed and made into a law, duly on file
in the office of the Secretary of State, and it is the duty of the
Executive Department to respect it as a law until the judiciary
shall decide it to be null. If rights have vested in innocent
hands they are sacred, and our only honorable course is to hold
on to all the securities and liens that we can, and settle with
the bondholders on the best terms for us that they will agree to.
If we shall succeed in the efforts that are being made by the
present administration to prevent mere speculators from hav-






aS7



ing the rights of the State.sold out by judioialsales. upon deor"es
pro confesso, when no efforts were made to et forth or establish
those rights, or to make any defence whatsoever,.upon.pretewded
.claims of prior liens, we then*have the statutory and firet-mort-
Sgage lien provided by that law upon the whole line of-road from
Jacksonville westward, and on all the rights and .franchises
granted by the charter of the Jacksonville, Pensacola and Mobile
Railroad Company, and it is believed.tobe sufficient to enable
us to make a settlement satisfactory to the bondholders,
and I. recommend that -additional power :be bestowed. upon
"the. Governor sufficient to enable him to.make any.. settle-
;ment that will relieve the people from the heavy burden of
-those bonds put upon them by that law. It is better to-meet
the difficulty face to face in its worst form and settle'it hon-
orably, than to make any attempt at evasion or at encouraging
the application of the execrable doctrine of repudiation, always
insidiously denying itself and furnishing opportunities.for
mountebanks and demagogues to obtain some notoriety.. I
will cheerfully co-operate with the Legislature in any measure
*or measures providing for an honorable solution or -settlement
-of this burthensome difficulty, and recommend the passage of
resolutions stating it, and that Florida will perform every duty
.and obligation legally and morally imposed upon her, and
would, if she could, gladly repeal so much of this law as pro-
vides for the issuing of said bonds,.and authorizing the Gov-
-ernor to make and conclude negotiations with the bondholders
for a return of said bonds for such liens and securities as the
State can offer. The honor of the State is at stake and requires
that the-interest and principal of its bonds shall not be.repu-
diated, but shall be paid when due. Do whatever may be done
with individuals and their ill-gotten wealth, but save the honor
-of the State. In a similar but much larger case, New York has
"Tweed in prison for twelve years at hard labor, and is after his
associates and attaches, and all who aided in the frauds, and
all of their property, but is promptly paying the interest of
their $20,000,000 of bonds in the hands of innocent purchasers,
because, although they betrayed the trust and confidence whioh
the people had reposed in them, in issuing and selling the bonds,
, unnecessarily and fraudulently squandering and appropriating





28



the proceeds, yet it was regularly done under a statute of the
State, and the holders, innocent of the frauds, should be pro-
tected. Such a course attracts confidence, capital, and labor;
any other repels them. I recommend with confidence the enact-
ment of whatever measures may be necessary in order to accom-
plish this object. I am satisfied that the consolidation elsewhere
mentioned has been substantially made, and that the property
is worth the whole amount.
In connection with this subject I herewith transmit to you a
copy of a communication received by me on the 9th ult., from
the New York attorneys of the European holders of the most
of said bonds.
When the former Board of Trustees of the Internal Improve-
ment Fund sold the Pensacola and Georgia Railroad, the board
conveyed the title to the purchasers, and acknowledging the
receipt of the purchase money, when in fact there was a deficit
of about $472,000, the amount of the first-mortgage bonds of
the said Pensacola and Georgia Railroad remaining unre-
deemed. These purchasers and others obtained a new charter
by the name of. the Jacksonville, Pensacola and Mobile Rail-
road Company, authorizing them to run said railroad and the
road then known as the' Florida Central Railroad and the
Tallahassee Railroad by that new corporate name, which they
proceeded to do. Against this new company, as purchasers
aforesaid, the Board of Trustees of the Internal Improvement
Fund, and the State as co-plaintiffs, brought a suit in the State
Circuit Court at Jacksonville, where the principal business
office was, to recover the said $472,000 and interest. Jonathan
C. Greeley was by that court appointed receiver of the whole
line to Quincy, and was in full possession as such receiver, and
the suit progressing, when a few of the holders of bonds of
the Pensacola and Georgia Railroad, and of the Tallahassee
Railroad Company, brought suit in the State Circuit Court at
Tallahassee, and, in disregard of the law that the proceedings
of a court that first has possession cannot be interfered with
except by an appellate court, obtained the appointment of a
Receiver of that part of said line from Lake City to Quincy,
who took possession against the protests of the first receiver.
And now a claim of a prior lien to the aforesaid lien of the






29



State appears, threatening to destroy the one provided for in
said law, and leave the State without security for any feim-.
bursement for its $4,000,000 and more. The.claimants brought
suit in the United States Circuit Court against the Jackson-
ville, Pensacola and Mobile Railroad Company, and the then
Board of Trustees of the Internal Improvement Fund made no
defence, neither on the part of the State, nor of the Trustees,
nor any one else. Judgment was obtained of course by default,
and execution issued. The suit in Tallahassee was then dismissed.
The railroad from Lake City to Quincy was levied upon and
advertised for sale by the United States Marshal before the
,inauguration of the present administration. There is much
anxiety to have this judgment opened in order to.let in the de-.
fence of the State and of the trustees, which appear to me to
be good, and I was led to believe that the necessary legal
labors and steps were being performed and taken with fair
prospects of success until recently, when Lieutenant-Governor
Stears, while acting Governor during my absence, discovered
that nothing had been done in court in our behalf, and agreed
to employ outside counsel, who is very diligently and ably at
hard work in the matter. Of course the labors are difficult.
It is almost impossible to induce a court against the present
recognized interests of the judgment creditor to open a decree
when the defendants have slept upon and wholly neglected
their. rights-at such a stage of progress admit an answer and
compel the plaintiff to combat it. But the rights of the State
and the defences of the trustees, as they appear to me, consti-
tute so plainly the real equities of the whole case as that in my
judgment there ought to be hopes of success. If this move-
ment should succeed those claimants must exhaust the trust
fund before they can acquire the right to have the road sold,
and the said statutory lien would continue in full force. An-
other creditor appeared, brought suit against the company;
there was no defence, he obtained judgment of course, had
execution issued, and the equity of redemption of said com-
pany was thus sold and purchased by the judgment creditor,
who now claims possession as proprietor, and appears to be.in
possession of the whole line from Lake City to Quincy, claim-
ing that if he pays the plaintiffs in said decree he will be sole



a





30



owner, ousting the said statutory lien. Still another lot of
claimants appear for that part of the line from Jacksonville to
Lake City, formerly constituting thfe Florida, Atlantic and
Gulf Central Railroad, and lately known as the Florida
Central Railroad, and appear to have possession and control of
it. There are other matters and claims that may threaten the
interests of the State, so complicated and numerous as that it
appears almost impossible to elucidate them without greater
labor than is now necessary. I have stated enough to show
that great interests of the State are at stake, and the impor-
tance of something being quickly done to have all these mat--
ters definitely and forever settled. Fortunately the State can
maintain an original suit in the Supreme Court of the United
States, and Lieutenant-Governor Stearns, while Acting Gov-
ernor, consented to the bringing of such a suit for that purpose.
Believing this course to be wise I have, since my return to the
State, continued it. A suit in Chancery has thus been brought
in that court, which has taken jurisdiction, granted an injunc-
tion restraining the said sale by the Marshal, and ordering the
said purchaser of said equity of redemption to account for the
receipts from the date of the injunction.
THE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION OF 1876 IN PHILADELPHIA.
An act of Congress approved March 3, 1871, provided for the
national celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of the
independence of the United States by the holding of an exhi-
bition of arts, manufactures, and products of the soil and mine.
Commissioners appointed under said act constitute the United
States Centennial Commission. Another act of Congress ap-
proved June 1, 1-872, created the Centennial Board of Finance,
which is charged with the financial administration of the pre-
parations of the exhibition. With the aid of the two boards,.
to wit,/the United States Centennial Commission and the Cen--
tennial Board of Finance, it is reasonably expected that the-
Grand International Exposition of 1876 in Philadelphia will be
worthy our great country in the magnificent display of the.
products, not only of our own land but of all other nations.
The Board of Finance has already succeeded in raising suffi-
cient funds (over three millions being pledged) to justify the
Commission in inaugurating the great work before it.






31
The ground has been.laid. out in FairmaomtPar-,. Pilad-
phia (450 acres having been reserved fo .that. purpose),. th
plan of the buildings adopted, and the work.is now.in sueo
state of forwardness-as to leave no reasonable doubt of its.owrm
pletion by the time fixed for the opening of the exposition uoa
the 19th of April, 1876. On the 4th of July last the Presi.
dent of the United States, in view of the fact that the work had
already been commenced, issued his proclamation announcing
the exhibition and national celebration, and commended then
to the people of the United States and of all nations.
In this great exhibition Florida should not be unrepresented..
The varied products of her soil, if there fully set forth, must
and will necessarily attract attention to the wonderful resourees
that bounteous nature has lavished upon her. She will have-an
opportunity never before offered us of exhibiting to the world
what climate and soil has done for her. I recommend the pas&-
sage of a joint resolution authorizing the appointment of. a
State board of five persons State Commissioners, which should
be composed only of those who are thoroughly familiar. with
"the resources and products of the State. It will be the duty of
the board to take charge of the interest of this State and of its
citizens in matters relating to the exhibition, to disseminate the
necessary information, issue invitations to participate, receive
and pronounce upon applications for space, to apportion the
space placed at its disposal, and all matters relating to the ap-
proaching exposition, as far as the State is concerned, should
be transacted through them.
ANNEXATION OF WEST FLORIDA TO ALABAMA.
By authority of a joint resolution of the Legislature, ap-
proved January 27, 1869, Wm. J. Purman, Charles E. Dyke,
and N. H. Moragne were commissioned by the Governor on
the 3d day of February of the same year as Commissioners on
the part of the State of Florida to visit the city of Montgomery
and confer with the Commissioners and authorities of the State
of Alabama in relation to the transfer of the Western portion
of Florida to the said State of Alabama. These Commissioner
appointed for Florida met the Commissioners on the part of
Alabama and entered into a treaty for the transfer to Alabama
of all that portion of Florida lying west of the Apalachicols





*



river, with the provision that the agreement should not be of
force until the same was ratified and approved by the States of
Florida and Alabama in a legal manner, and by the legal and
proper authorities, and until the Congress of the United States
gives its assent thereto. In further obedience to the joint reso-
lution of the Legislature of 1869 the Governor issued his proc-
lamation on the 26th day of June, A. D. 1869, directing that
an election be held on the 2d day of November of the same
year, in each of the counties of Escambia, Santa Rosa, Walton,
Holmes, Washington, Jackson, Calhoun, and Franklin, and that
at such election the voters should vote for annexation or
against annexation. The State canvass of the vote cast at
said election shows that the whole number of votes cast was
1,704; that the whole number of votes cast for annexation was
1,045, and the whole number of votes cast against annexation
was 659.
Early last spring the city of Pensacola sent me a deputation
of its citizens to apply for an extra session of the Legislature in
October to take action, and, if possible, to obtain a ratification
of the treaty and of the said majority vote. I think that a very
large majority of the people of Escambia county are anxious for
annexation. The vote, however, throughout was slight and the
majority small. In deference to the said majority, I think it due
to the people of West Florida that the question should-be sub-
mitted to a vote of the people of the State, and recommend the
necessary legislation.
IMMIGRATION AND LANDS.
The interesting reports of the Commissioner of Immigration
and Lands and of the Secretary of the Board of Trustees of
the Internal Improvement Fund herewith "transmitted, are so
complete that the nature of the subjects therein treated do not
require that I should point out any particular feature as being
more important than another. All are equally important and
interesting, and I recommend them to your careful considera-
tion.
The subject of a State Immigration Agent at the point where
so many thousands of immigrants from Europe land, to dis-
seminate correct information concerning the opportunities pre-
sented to them to obtain good settlements in Florida, presents





*

itself with peculiar force, if it can be donedwithidt expienMwW:. .
the State treasury. The immigration of industrious andfI1'
gent farmers, and farm laborers and -mechasnic.from thebot:'wt
out fields of neighboring States to the virgin soils of our -beai'd
ful Florida, is of still greater importance and vahi t and:I'
recommend the.making of extra efforts in order to.obttin large:
numbers of this most desirable addition to the present popula-
tion of the State-the most useful to themselves and to the
State as giving promise of making Florida a great State and
the best with whom it can be settled. So also the subject of
preventing trespassers upon the public lands. Surely the Legis-
lature, with all its wisdom and power can, if it willAdevi e as
effectual plans for. the preservation of the public property as
thieves can devise for stealing it.
It may be seen that the suit brought in the United States
Circuit Court by F. Vose against the Board of Trustees of the
Internal Improvement Fund, holding all the swamp and bver-
flowed lands in trust for the purposes of the Internal Improve-
ment act of 1855, was not defended by the former board, but
was wholly neglected and allowed to go to decree pro confesso
against that board' and to subsequent interlocutory decrees,
without any attempt even to set before the court the equities
of the board and of the State therein. That the present board
has deplored that neglect and intended to make every effort
possible in order to get those defences set forth before the court
-that it employed the Attorney-General, himself a member of
the board, as its attorney to accomplish it if possible, fully be-
lieving that if the court could be informed of the purposes and
efforts and acts of this board, the court would not interpose to
hinder it in any way. At the last term of said court, and after the
Circuit Judge who rendered the decree had left Florida, this
board(the said Attorney-General being absent at Jacksonville, in
attendance on said court in said case) learned with astonishment
and consternation that a consent decree had been rendered plac-
ing the board in the humiliating condition of virtually admitting
openly in court on the records thereof all the allegations and
charges made in the plaintiff's bill of complaint, and thereby
admitting its own total incompetency and unfitness for adminis-
tering the said trust as required by law, and that the court
3j





34



ought to appoint and authorize other persons to do so in its
stead. I have not yet been able to learn that any attempt was
made by said attorney to have said decree pro confesso opened
or to file any answer setting forth said defences before said
court. The board have consequently settled with its said attor-
ney to employ another to still make now the almost hopeless
effort to get all of said interlocutory decrees opened so that the
said defences can be filed and brought to the attention of the
court. For this, and reasons arising from our railroad compli-
cations, as I have elsewhere stated them, of course the Attorney-
General must see the great embarrassment of his remaining in
the Cabinet, and a quiet suggestion of my desire for his resig-
nation was made to him by me personally without going into
any statements or discussion of the reasons. He suggested to
me to address him a. letter and he would answer it. I then
wrote my request, and he declined on the ground that I had
not assigned my reasons.
I sent him the following letter, viz.:
EXECUTIVE OFFICE,
TALLAHASSEE, Fla., Jannary 2, 1874. )
Hon. William Archer Cocke, Attorney- General of Florida,
Tallahassee, Fla.:
DEAR SIR: Your answer of yesterday declining to resign be-
cause I had assigned no reason for my request, is at hand, I
regret this because I did not expect it of you, even if there had
been nothing special between us on the subject. If I remember
rightly, from the first you voluntarily informed me, quite as a
matter of course, that if at any time I should desire a change a
very slight. mention of it would produce your resignation
promptly. Your course of non-action in the Anderson case,
after fully understanding the course which the administration
thought it best to pursue, and, though expressing your difference
of opinion upon. one point only, yet promising official co-opera-
tion, and a reasonable certainty of success in getting the decree
pro confesso against us opened so as to let in the defences of the
State, and the effects and consequences of that course to the
SState; your letter read in the Supreme Court of the Vnited
States, your letter in the newspaper implying a charge against
the administration, and your consent decree in the Vose case,
furnish me with my reasons for desiring your" resignation.
When you think calmly for a moment upon all these things,
and upon the subsequent action of the Board of Trustees of the








Internal Improvement Fund on the subject of said consent d)
cree, and of its attorney, which action you have-reason to know
that I approve, you cannot help but see that you have placed
yourself in antagonism, and that you and the administration
cannot any longer work together in confidence and harmony
which the public interests so much require.
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, .
OSSIAN B. HART,
Governor of Florida.
In answer to which letter I have received the following
reply, viz.:
ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S OFFICE. -
TALLAHASSEE, Fla., January 2, 1874. .
To His Excellency 0 B. Hart, Governor State of Florida:
SIR: Your letter of this date is received. I consider that in
the discharge of my official duties I have followed the law and.
my solemn conviction of right. I hope to act in harmony with'
the administration, but as the Attorney-General of the State '
must pursue such course as the law indicates and as I conceive
for the .best interests of the State. The reasons assigned by.
you not.being sufficient, I therefore respectfully refuse to resign
the office of Attorney-General.
Most respectfully your .obedient servant,
WILLIAM ARCHER COCKE,
Attorney-General of the State of Florida.
It may be seen that the "Cabinet of administrative officers,"
who the Constitution provides shall aid the Governor, is
required by this refusal to endure the presence in it of an
Attorney-General in whose abilities as a lawyer, and diligence
in attending to his important duties in the courts, the Governor
has lost all confidence. Believing .that the interests of the
State require it, I recommend action by the Legislature in the
matter.
CUBA.
There is a very large, rich, and beautiful isle only eighty miles
from the shores of Florida, whose good people have constant'
commercial intercourse with us, many of whom have fled to.
Florida, and are residing here from the persecutions of a despotic-
European power, and a large majority of whose people we hear
have been for several years and still are engaged in a severe and"
bloody revolutionary struggle, as our forefathers once were, for
liberty from the tyranny of foreign dominion and freedom from





36



the chains of slavery. As our great and beloved National Gov-
ernment has Constitutional control over the entire subject of our
foreign affairs, it may not become ine in this manner to say more
than that,'in common with the whole people of our country, we
do most heartily sympathize with every people, and especially
with our neighbors in any of their struggles to be free.
"SCHOOLS.
Florida has cause to rejoice greatly that we now have nu-
merous public free schools (500 schools, attended by 18,000
pupils), increasing in numbers and efficiency, open to all the
children of the State alike. To a large majority of the people
who never saw such a thing before reconstruction, this great
blessed fact is ever new and delightful. Our system is work-
ing well. The Superintendent of Public Instruction is very
earnest and efficient in his work, and the teachers and officers
of the schools in the counties are generally progressing satis-
factorily. The school facilities need extending more and more
as rapidly as possible, and we feel confident that this most
important matter will not be neglected.
ASYLUMS.
The information and suggestions contained in the report of
the Comptroller upon this subject are useful and deeply inter-
esting. I recommend them to the careful consideration of the
SIegislature.

The organization of this quiet but influential protector of the
public peace is being preserved and extended as well as circum-
stances will admit of. The people exhibit more interest in it
than did the so-called" people before the war, when a few
slave-holding lords, depending more upon an execrable system
of midnight patrols; not unlike the recent bands of Ku-Klux,
virtually controlled everybody and everything. We have
abundant cause for gratitude to God that such despotisms have
been overthrown, their resulting influences fast dying out, and
a fine spirit of pride in legitimate and just deportment beginn-
ing to prevail everywhere.
The report of the Adjutant-General will inform you of the
precise present condition of this arm of the Government.








TREASURY..
The report of our watchful and efficient Treasurer will 'stpPly
you with full and reliable information of all of the receipts, ex-
penditures, and condition of, the public moneys and funds, un-
der the different heads to which they belong.
PENTrENTIAY. "
I cannot do more at present than to refer you to the reports
of the Adjutant-General for the workings of this institution,
and of the Comptroller for suggestions of economy in regard
to it.
COURTS.
I hoped to obtain much useful information from the Attorney.
General upon the subject of the administration and operation of
the law, and especially of diligence and economy on. the part of
the State Attorneys, but at the date of this writing (January 5,
1874,) he has not favored me with any report, nor any mention
of the leading features thereof. In my statement above of the
general condition of the State, there are remarks that apply to
the subject, in general, with which I must rest for the present,
though I would be glad to be able to say more. I hope to do
so in a special message.
The justices of the peace seldom write out the statements
of accused persons and the evidence of the witnesses. I rec-
ommend an enactment requiring them to do it, under some
adequate penalty for failure. Also an enactment to compel
county commissioners to publish on fixed days the accounts of
receipts and expenditures, under penalties for neglect.
INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.
The paper work for the building of that part of the line of
the Great Southern Railway mentioned by the Commissioner
of Lands and Immigration, between Jessup, in the State of Geor-
gia, and Jacksonville, in Florida, I am told is about finished,
and the actual labor of grading, &c., about to begin. I believe
it to be in good hands. The president I know to be a man who
has a heartfelt interest in the general welfare and prosperity.
PARDONS, REPRIEVES, &C.
Herewith is a statement of the pardons and reprieves, as re-





38

quired by the Constitution to be communicated by me to the
Legislature,
CONCLUSION.

Though there is much more of deep interest that might be
shown, yet I have already occupied too much of your precious
time that you are anxious to be devoting to diligent labor for
ithe interests of the whole people. I can and do most heartily
-ielcome you to the Capital, and congratulate you upon the
-general progress, prosperity and happiness of the people of our
beloved Florida.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient ser-
vant, OssIAN B. HAnT,
Governor of Florida.


.



*










PARDONS.
--



Name.



John Mays.......
Columbus Corson.
John C. Blackman



Crime.

Ass'lt with in't to kil
Ass'It with in't to kil
Fraud'l'ntly alt'g
m'ks of an animal



Where Convicted. When Convicted.



Sentence.e



When Pardoned.
c



"Terms.



.1 Jefferson county.. Spring Term, 1873 $100 and costs.... June 24th, 1873. On paynm't costs
1 Holmes county... Fall Term, 1873.,. 6 mos. St'tePrison Dec. 5th, 1873.. Full pardon."
/ Holmes county... Fall Term, 1873... 1 y'r State Prison. Dec. 5th, 1873.. On paym't costs



REMISSION OF FINES.



No. Name. Crime. When Convicted. Where Copvicted. Sentence. Remarks. When Remitted. Terms of Remission.

1 F. Johnson. No record........ Spring Term,'78 Monroe county. $25 and c'sts M'ny mosinj'l Sept. 27th, 1873. Full.
2 A. Gainer. leepig eatin tan Oct. Term,'73 Suwannee co... $25 and c'sts ............ Nov. 21st, 1873. Full.



SUSPENSION OF FINES.


No. Name. Crime. When Convicted. Where Convicted. Sen e. ate.e s spensaon. T2me Suspended.


- --- r e -- - -
1 A. Gainer......... wehpteatlcnse.. October, 1878..... Suwannee Co. c'rt $25 fine.... ...b Nov. 15th, 1878. Sixty 'days.



DEATH WARRANTS. .



" Name.



Crime.



Where Conwicted.



When Conbicted.



. e t .



Warrant n sewd.



When lEeuted.



I- -- I



Jefferson county..
Hernando county.



Jan. 6th, 1878....
Oct. 6tb, 183....



Exeen'd by liangg
Exeon'd by hann'g



Feb. 5th 1878..
Nov. 26t. 1878.



Frid'y, Feb2St'7
Trld'y Dec6'78



N.o.



1
2
3



No.



1
2 .



Marshall Morris..
Lemuel Hughes..



Murder............
Murder ...........



----.-, ____,_, ----- ---- -



i Im



I



-- --
-.... I- I --- ICI I-*--- __--I



---



- -- --



--



. I



- -- --



-- ------- --





40



(COPY.)
PROTEST OF EUROPEAN BONDHOLDERS AGAINST
T[E NEGLECT OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA, &c.
ACCOMPANYING MESSAGE AND MENTIONED THEREIN.

To the Governor of the State of Florida:
The.undersigned respectfully represents that he is the duly
authorized agent. in this country of Geo. M. Bofisevain, Joseph
Zadacks, Adrian Stoop, Adrian J. Milders, N. J. deu Tex and
.many other persons residing in the Kingdom of Holland and
elsewhere, bona fide purchasers and holders to a very large
amount, to-wit: to the amount of more than three million
dollars of the bonds of the State of Florida, issued by the
said State in aid of the Jacksonville, Pensacola & Mobile
Railroad Company, and bearing date the first day of January,
A.- D. 1870, payable on the first day of January, A. D. 1900,
and which bonds were issued by the said State under and in
pursuance of an act of the Legislature thereof, passed June
24, 1869, and the several amendments thereto, in which act
and amendments it was and is among other things, provided,
that in exchange for the bonds so issued by the said State,
the company should execute and deliver to the said State its
own first mortgage bonds, embracing all and singular its rail-
road property and appurtenances, and which latter bonds were
so issued and delivered to the State, in compliance with the
laws aforesaid, and are now held by the State as a trustee for
the benefit of the purchasers of the said State bond as a
further security of the payment of the same. The undersigned
further represents that it was the duty of the State of Florida
to defend and protect the lien of the bonds of the said Rail
Road Company, so issued as aforesaid, for the benefit of all
concerned in the preservation of such lien, and for this purpose
through its agents and officers to exercise all due diligence to
prevent the success of any and all attempts to impair the said lien
by legal proceedings or otherwise.
The undersigned further represents that there is now pend-
ing in the Circuit Court of the United States of the Fifth
Circuit and Northern District of the State of Florida, an
action, in which Edward C. Anderson, Jr., and others are
Plaintiffs, and. the Jacksonville, Pensacola and Mobile Rail-
road Company and others are Defendants, in which action the
bill of complaint was filed on or about the 24th day of July,
1872, and which action has for its object the foreclosure of a
pretended mortgage lien upon those parts of the line of the






41
.9,
Jacksonville, Pensacola and Mobile Railroad. Company .here-
tofore known as the Pensacola arid Georgia Railroad anid the
Tallahassee Railroad. The undersigned further represents
that the State of Florida, through it Governor, Attonedy
General, and proper officers, had due notice to appear ad
.defend the said suit, and were requested so to do on behalf of
the bondholders, whom the undersigned now represents,' but
refused to appear or take any. action in the same, and wholly
and. entirely-neglected their duty in the premises, and permit
ted a judgment and degree to be taken by default in fvyoitbf
Sthe. Plaintiffs in the said action, notwithstanding thefaot,
:which tlie Plaintiff is informed and believes to be true,-tat
.the pretended mortgage liens, asserted by the plaintiflb in4be
said action, had and'have no existence whatever. It -has iben
constantly represented on behalf 'of the .said State -:by '7it
officers, including the Governor, that the bonds of the Juk-
sonville, Pensacola and Mobile Railroad ComPpaiy delivered
Sto the State were a first lien upon the entire line of. the Btid
Company, and the fact.has been so-declared in the opinio6Ibf
lawyers of the State of Florida, from time to time don-
Ssulted on that subject, and as th undersigned believes in-a
judiciall decision of the highest court of that State, and the
boxidholders, whom the undersigned represents, purchased the
bonds of the State of Florida upon the faith of such repre-
sentations and such opinions. The undersigned is informed
that in and by the decree in the cause referred to, it is direct-
ed that that part of the line of road referred to shall be seld
'on the fifth day of January proximo.
The undersigned, on behalf and by the direction of the
purchasers and holders of the State bonds referred to, and
whom he represents as hereinbefore stated, hereby protests
against the action of the State of Florida in the premises
as wanting in good faith to the bona fide purchasers
of its bonds. And further protests against the said judi-
cial decree and. the action of- the State of Florida in per-
mitting the same to be rendered; and particularly protests
against the proposed sale of the said Railroad, or any part
thereof thereunder; and against any and all proceedings taken,
or to be taken in the said cause, as against good faith, contrary
to law and of no validity against the bondholders, on whose be-
half this protest is made, and on whose behalf such proceed-
ings will hereafter be taken in the premises as they may be
.advised are necessary for the full protection of their rights.
"The undersigned further protests, in the names, and on behilf
of the said holders of the said bonds of the State of Florida,
against the failure of the. State of Florida to pay the interest
thereon at maturity, according to the tenor of its obligations,



I





42



as an act of bad faith not only unjust to the said bondholders,
but unlawful in itself, and an act of repudiation destructive
to the credit of the State of Florida, rendering her promises
and obligations worthless in the markets of the world.
The undersigned, in the name and on behalf of the said hold-
ers of the bonds of the State of Florida, demands that the
State of Florida shall, with all due diligence, take whatever
steps may be necessary to prevent the sale of any part of the
line of the said Jacksonville, Pensacola and Mobile Railroad
under the said'decree, or under any other proceeding of what-
soever kind, which can in any way impair or affect the lien of
the bonds of the said Jacksonville, Pensacola and Mobile Rail.
road as a first and prior lien now held by the State as aforesaid
for the security of its obligations to the State, and through
the State as a Trustee for the security of the holders and pur-
chasers of the State bonds. The undersigned, in the name
and on behalf of the said holders of the bonds of the State of
Florida, also demands that the State of Florida shall make pro-
vision for the prompt payment of the outstanding and over-due
coupons of its bonds, hereinbefore referred to, and give due
and public notice of the time and place of such payment, in
order that such coupons may be duly presented at the time
and place designated for payment.
(Signed) ROBERT H. HARDAWAY,
Attorney for M. K. Jesup & Company of the City and State
of New York, who are lawful Attorneys for Geo. M. Bofi-
sevain, Joseph Zadack, Adrian Stoop, Adrian J. Milders,
and N. J. deu Tex.
Witness-EDWARD M. WEST,
Justice of the Peace.




STATE OF FLORIDA,)
LEON COUNTY. f
Be it remembered that on this, the 29th day of December,
A. D. 1873, personally appeared before me, the subscriber, a
Justice of the Peace in and for the county aforesaid, Robert
H. Hardaway, Attorney, substitute for M. K. Jesup & Com-
pany of the City and State of New York, who are lawful attor-
neys for George M. Bofisevain, Joseph Zadacks, Adrian Stoop,
Adrian J. Milders and N. J. deu Tex, and to me did acknowl-
edge and admit that he did sign the foregoing instrument of






43
writing, as and for his own act and deed 'ad .for the purposes
therein mentioned.
Witness my hand and.seal this, the day and year last above
written. .. ..
S(Signed) EDWARD M. WEST, [S EAL
Justice .af the Pefce.

* o p .. .
(COPY.)
STATE OF FLORIDA, ) ..
1OQYICE SECRETARY OF STATE,}
.O'c S-m..r y or St, ..
SI, Sam'l B. McLin, Secretary of State, do hereby certify that
Edward M. West, whose signature is.subscribed to thhinstru-
ment of writing hereto annexed, is, and .was at the. time of
signing the same, Justice of the Peace in and for Lean Caunty,
duly commissioned and qualified, and that-full faith and credit.
are due to his official acts. .
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my. hand and af-
fixed the Great Seal of the State of Florida, this 29th'day
of December, A. D. 1873.
(Signed) SAM'L B. McLIN,
Secretary of State.
Pending the-reading of the message, on motion of Mr. Mont-
gomery, the Assembly adjourned until Monday, 12 o'clock, M.





44

MONDAY, January 12, 1874.
The Assembly met pursuant to adjournment.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson,
Browne, Bryant, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Gleason,
Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hope, Llambias, Lee of
Hamilton, Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, Mc-
Millan, McKinnon, Menard, Mitchell, Montgomery, Neal of
Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler, Petty, Prbotor,
Rogers, Robinson, Rouse, Small, Speer, Starke, Stokes, Sin-
,day, Swearingen, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jef-
fehson, Vann, Wallace, Washington and Weeks-48.
SA q u o ru m p r e s e n t.
Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Stokes, of Leon.
SOn motion of Mr. Menard, the reading of Friday's journal
was dispensed with and the journal approved.
Mr Gass moved that the Governor's message be read;
Which was not agreed to.
Mr. Hannah moved that the office of Chaplain be declared
vacant.
Mi McInniss moved to lay the motion on the table;
"Which: was not agreed to.
The motion of Mr. Hannah was then agreed to.
"Mr. Wallace moved that Rev. Henry Call be declared Chap-
lain of the Assembly during the present session.
Mr. Osgood moved as a substitute that the Assembly pro-
ceed to the election of a Chaplain;
Which was not agreed to.
Mr. Wallace's motion was then agreed to and Rev. Henry
Call declared Chaplain of the Assembly.
The Speaker announced the following Standing Committees:

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE ASSEMBLY.

Judiciary Committee.
Mr. MITCHELL, Chairman.
Messrs. CHADWICK, WALLACE,
GLEASON, McKINNON.
Privileges and Elections.
Mr. LIVINGSTON, Chairman.
Messrs. MONTGOMERY, HANNAH,
McKINNON, JOHNSON.






45



Messrs.



State Institutions.
Mr.'HANNAH, Chairman.
CRUSE, LEE of Hamilton,.
LLAMBIAS, M .. McINNISS.



Commerce and navigation.



SMessrs.



Mr. ATKINS of Franklin, Chairman..
LLAMBIAS, GLEASON,
SUNDAY, PETTY.



Public writingg.
Mr. MENARD, Chairman.
Messrs. BALL, HANNAH,
BROWNE, ROGERS.



Clamns.



Messrs.



Mr. LEE of
MITCHELL,
NEAL of Jackson,



' Sumter, Chairman.
STARKE,
PROCTOR.



Education.



Mr. McKINNON, Chairman.
Messrs. PEELER, ) McINNISS,
STOKES, JOHNSON.



Public Lands.



Messrs.



Messrs.



Mr. OSGOOD, Chairman.
BRINSON, PETTY,
HAGAN, NEAL of Jackson.
.Finance and Taxation.
Mr. CHADWICK, Chairman.
OSGOOD, SWEARINGEN,
BALL, SPEER.



Enrolled Bills.



Mr. JOHNSON, Chairman.
Messrs. GREEN, STOKES,
"McMILLAN, COLEMAN.



Engrossed Bills.



Messrs.



Mr. BROWNE,
HANKINS,
WASHINGTON,



Chairman.
LONG,
McKINNON.



1



f



w





46



Messrs.



City nad County Organizations.
Mr. OSGOOD, Chairman.
SPEER, McMILLAN,
ROBINSON, ROGERS.



Messrs. HOPE,
PETTY,



Mr. GLEASON, Chairman.
ROUSE,
ATKINS



of Franklin.



Messrs. VANN,
ATKINS



Agriculture.
Mr. ROBERTS, Chairman.
SMALL,
of Calhoun, THOMPSON of Columbia.



Messr



s. HOPE,
"OSGOOD



Legislative Expenses.
Mr. JOHNSON, Chairman.
SWEARINGEN.
LEE of Snmter.



Militia.



Messrs.



GASS,
CRUSE,



Mr. BALL, Chairman.
WEEKS,
ATKINS of Calhoun.



Messrs.



Incorporations.
Mr. MONTGOMERY, Chairman.
BROWNE, THOMPSON of Jefferson,
PROCTOR, NEAL of Liberty.
Indian Affairs.



Mi. LEE of Sumter Chairman.
Messrs. BRYANT, WALLACE
PEvTY, HARDEE.
Railroads.



Messrs.



Mr. MENARD, Chairman.
MONTGOMERY, GREEN,
CHADWICK, McKINNON.



On motion of Mr. Menard, one hundred copies of the
ng Committees were ordered to be printed for the use
Assembly
tMr. Gleason moved that a special committee of fiv
the Assembly and three from the Senate be appointed
upon Congressional apportionment.



Stand-
of the

e from
to act



*



Fisheries.







Mr. Wallace moved that the motion be indefinitely post-
poned;
Which was not agreed to.
Mr. Gleason's motion was then agreed to.
Mr. Menard presented a petition for the relief of John ML
Pons, of Duval county;
Which was referred to the Committee.on Claims.
Mr. Ball offered a concurrent resolution appointig a joint
committee to prepare amendments to the.State Constitution;
Which was read.
Mr. Menard offered the following as a' substitute:
JOINT RESOLUTION.
Be it resolved by the Senate and Assembly of Florida, That
the Judges of the Supreme Court be requested to prepare and
draft such amendments to the Constitution of this State as
may seem best adapted to the needs of the people ; and it will
be the privilege of the Judiciary Committee, or members of
either House, to make any suggestions they may think proper
to said Judges relative to such proposed amendments.
Which the Assembly refused to adopt.
On motion, Mr. Ball's resolution was adopted and the clerk
requested to inform the Senate of the same.
Mr. Speer offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the Assembly, during the present session,
will not adjourn for a longer time than forty-eight hours, and
only then when it includes Sunday.
Which was read.
Mr. Gass moved to lay the resolution on the table;
Which was not agreed to.
On motion, the. resolution was adopted.
Mr. Wallace presented a memorial to the Congress of the
United States asking for assistance to the agriculturists of
Middle Florida.
Mr. Gass moved to indefinitely postpone the memorial;
Upon which the yeas and nays were called for.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Bryant, Chad-
wick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Gleason, Green, Hagan, Hankins,
IHannah, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee of Sumter,
Livingston, Long, McMillan, McKinnon, Neal of Liberty,
Peeler, Rouse, Small, Speer, Starke, Vann and Weeks-28.
Nays-Messrs. Browne, Hope, McInniss, Menard, Mitchell,
Neal of Jackson, Osgood, Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Robinson,
Stokes, Sunday, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jeffer-
son, Wallace and Washington-18.
So the motion was agreed to.



a7-..1





48



The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, January 12, 1874.
S Hon. M. MARTIN, Speaker of the Assembly:
SIR: I am directed to inform you that the Senate has this
"day passed the following concurrent resolution to appoint a
Joint Committee on amendments to the Constitution:
leaolved by the Senate, the Assembly concurring, That a
Joint Committee of three from the Senate and five from- the
Assembly be appointed on amendments to the Constitution,
with instructions to report at as early a day as practicable.
"Very respectfully,
HUGH A. CORLEY,
Secretary Senate.
Which was read and the accompanying resolution concurred
in..
The resolution offered on Friday in reference to the attaches
of the Assembly, made the special order for half-past 1 o'clock
to-day, was taken up.
Mr. McKinnon offered the following as a substitute:
That the officers and attaches be as follows:
A Chief Clerk-;
An Assistant Clerk;
A Reading Clerk;
An Engrossing Clerk;
An Enrolling Clerk;
A Recording Clerk;
A Sergeant-at-Arms;
An Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms;
A Door-Keeper;
A Janitor;
Three Pages;
A Chaplain;
Which was read and adopted.
Mr. Lee of Sumter offered the following resolution:
Be it resolved, That the Door-Keeper of the Assembly be
required to keep the door of this Hall open every day during
the present session, Sunday not excepted, from 7 A. M. until
9 P. M.
Which was read and adopted.
Mr. Lee of Sumter gave notice that he would ask leave to
introduce the following bill, viz:
Sbill to be entitled an act relating to State Attorneys.
Thefollowing bills were introduced without previous no-
tice, Miz :
By Mr. Wallace:





4



49
A bill to be entitled an act to make Choses in Action sub-
ject to homestead exemptions of personal property; also,
A bill to be entitled an act to organize the State Board of
Centennial Managers.
By Mr. Ball:
A bill to be entitled an act to change the name of Louisa
Jane Durham, and for other purposes;
A bill to be entitled an act in relation to the pay of Jurors
and Witnesses; also,
A bill to be entitled an act to amend the 5th section of an
act relating to Jurors, approved August 1, 1868.
By Mr. McInniss:
A bill to be entitled an act for the protection of timber;
A bill to be entitled an act for the relief of Charles Koch;
also,
A bill to be entitled an act in relation to the taxing of oys-
ters.
By Mr. Mitchell:
A bill to be entitled an act to amend section 3, chapter 8, of
an act to provide for the punishment of crime and proceed-
ings in criminal cases; also,
A bill to be entitled an act to amend an act relating to
Jurors.
By Mr. Mitchell:
A bill to be entitled an act to authorize Henry P. Kennedy,
a minor, to assume the management of his own estate; also,
A bill to be entitled an act to amend an act to organize the
County Courts of the several counties of the State and to pre-
scribe the mode of practice of said Courts.
By Mr. Menard:
A bill to be entitled an act to exempt wages and salaries
from garnishment.
Which were received and placed among the orders of the
day.
On motion, the Assembly adjourned until to-morrow morn-
ing, 10 o'clock.
4j



0





50



TUESDAY, January 13, 1874.
-The Assembly met pursuant to adjournment.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
"their names :
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Atkins of Frankin, Ball,i Brinson,
Browne,. Bryant, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gleason, Green,
Hagan, Hankins, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton,
Livingston, Long, McInniss, McMillan, Menard, Mitchell, Neal
of 'Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler, Petty, Proctor.
Rogers, Robinson, Rouse, Small, Speer, Starke, Stokes, Sun-
day, Swearingen, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jeffer-
son, Vann, Wallace, Washington and Weeks-44.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
Oni motion of Mr. McInniss, the reading. of yesterday's jour-
nal was dispensed with and the journal corrected and approv-
ed.
The Speaker appointed the following committee on Consti-
tutional amendments:*
Messrs. Ball, Mitchell, Wallace, Chadwick and Hannah..
Mir. Gleason offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That two hundred copies of the Assembly Jour-
unal be printed daily for the use of,the Assembly.
Which was read and adopted.
: Mr. Swearingen moved that the Sergeant-at-Arms be. order-
ed to furnish sufficient stationery for the' use of the Assembly;
Which was agreed to.'
Mr. Proctor moved that five hundred copies of the Gover-
nor's message and accompanying documents be printed (sepa-
rately) for the use of this Assembly ;
Which was agreed to.
On motion of Mr. Mitchell, Mr. Hardee was excused from
further 'attendance on the Assembly during the present session
on account of sickness.
Mr. Chadwick presented a memorial to Congress for the es-
tablishment of a mail route in Putnam county, Florida;
Which was received and placed among the orders of the
day.
Mr. Menard offered a concurrent resolution relative to the
distribution of Bush's Digest;
Which was read and adopted.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Mr. Washington moved that the Chief Clerk be instructed
to appoint an Engrossing Clerk at three dollars per diem, or
30 cents per folio.





m1

Mr. Gleason offered as a substitute, that the Cobminiiiie
Appoint their own clerks .
Which was agreed to. :. '
On motion of Mr. MIenardt th Governor's message was
read. .
"rMr. Gleason, without previous notice, was allowed to i6 fi
duce the following bills: : .
A bill to be entitled an act directing tlie .Goveortp o nse-
cute certain suits in behalf of the State of Floiida, ini'the T u-
preme Court of the United States .
A bill to be entitled an act making certified copies of Mort-
gages and Deeds receivable for record and evidence .'ou 6as;
"A bill to be entitled an act to locatee the County Seat of Bie-
vard county; .
Which were received alnd played among the order's of th
day. .
Mr. Wallace gave notice that he 'would at an early.d I n-
troduce a bill in relation to the Public Roads of this .State
Mr. Llambias gave notice that he would at an early dea, in-
troduce a bill to alter and. amend sectionn 4 of an.act entitled
an act to provide for the incorporation of Benevolent 'and
Charitable Societies..
ORDERS OF.'THE D)AY. /
On motion of Mr. Gleason, the rule was unanimously .waived,
and the following bills were read the first time by title and re-
ferred:
Assembly bill No. 1: .
To be entitled an act to amend an act relating to Jurors,
.Was referred to the Judiciary .Committee.
"Assembly bill No. 2:
To be entitled an act to make Choses in Action subject to
Homestead exemptions of personal property,
Was referred to the Judiciary Committee.
Assembly bill No. 3:
To be entitled an act to amend -an act entitled an act to or-
ganize the County Courts of the several counties of the State,
and.prescribe the mode of Practice of said Courts,
Was referred to the Judiciary Committtee.
Assembly bill No. 11:
To be entitled an act to amend the fifth section of an act re--
lating to Jurors, approved August 1, 1868,
Was referred to the Judiciary Cpmmittee-
Assembly bill No. 10: .
To be entitled an act to change the name of Louisa Jane
I)irham, and for other purposes, ..
Was referred to the Judiciary Committee.





52



Assembly bill No. 4:
To be entitled an act to authorize Henry P. Kennedy, a mi-
.-ior, to assume the management of his own estate,
Was referred to the Judiciary Committee.
"Assembly bill No. 5:
To be entitled an act to exempt Wages and Salaries from
Garnishment,
Was referred to the Judiciary Committee.
Assembly bill No. 6:
To be entitled an act to organize the State Board of Centen-
nial managers,
Was referred to the Judiciary Committee.
Assembly bill No. 7 :
To be entitled an act in relation to taxing oysters,
Was referred to the Committee on Fisheries.
Assembly bill No. 8:
To be entitled an act for the relief of Charles Koch,
Was referred to the Committee on Claims.
Assembly bill No. 9:
To be entitled an act for the protection of timber.
Was referred to Committee on Public Lands.
Assembly bill No. 12:
To be entitled an act in relation to jurors and witnesses,
Was referred to the Committee on Finance.
Assembly bill No. 13:
To be entitled an act to amend Section 3, Chapter 8, of an
act to provide for the punishment of crime and proceedings
in criminal cases,
Was referred to the Committee on Judiciary.
.Assembly bill No. 14:
To be entitled an act to locate the county seat of Brevard
County,
Was referred to the Committee on County Organization.
Assembly bill No. 15 :
To be entitled an act making certified copies of Mortgages
and Deeds receivable for record and evidence in court,
Was referred to the Committee on Judiciary.
Assembly bill No. 16 :
To be entitled an act directing the Governor to prosecute
certain suits in behalf of the State of Florida in the Supreme
Court of the United States,
Was referred to the Committee on Judiciary.
In accordance with previous notice, under a unanimous sus-
pension of the rule, Mr. Lee of Sumter introduced' a bill to be
entitled an act in relation to State Attorneys;
Which was read the first time by title and referred to the
Judiciary Committee.






53



Under a unanimous suspension of the rule, the following bills
were introduced, read the first time by title and referred :
By Mr. Hope:
A bill to be entitled an act to prevent Attorneys-at-law from
acting as Clerks of Sheriffs, or Deputies of either,
Was referred to the Judiciary Committee.
By Mr Mitchell:
A bill to be entitled an act for the relief of John W. Bryant
and Enoch E. Mizell,
Was referred to the Committee on Claims.
By Mr. Proctor:
A bill to be entitled an act relating to Costs of Process in
certain instances,
Was referred to the Judiciary Committee.
A memorial to Congress for the establishment of a Mail
Route in Putnam County, Florida,
Was read and adopted.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Mr. Brown moved that Mrs. Mary Dowdell be furnished a.
desk in this Hall;
Which was agreed to, and the Chief Clerk requested to fur-
nish the same.
On motion of Mr. Osgood, the Assembly adjourned until 10)
o'clock to-morrow.


-----O



WEDNESDAY, January 14, 1874.
The Assembly met pursuant to adjournment.
The roll being called, the following members answered to.
their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinsn,
Browne, Bryant, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Green,
Hagan, Hankins, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton,
Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, McMillan, Menarvl
Mitchell, Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Peeler, Petty,
Proctor, Rogers, Robinson, Rouse, Small, Speer, Stark;e
Stokes, Sunday, Swearingen, Thompson of Columbia, Thomp q
son of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace, Washington and Weeks---44
A quorum present. .
Prayer by the Chaplain.







On motion of Mr. Proctor, the reading of yesterday's journal
.as dispensed with and the journal corrected and approved.
The following message was received from the Senate:
' SENATE CIHAMBER, January 13, 1874.
lion. M. MARTIN, Speaker of the Assembly:
Sra: I am directed to inform you that the Senate has this
A lypassed--
A memorial to the Congress of the United States asking for
:an appropriation for the purpose of building a Custom house,
Post Office and other public buildings at Key West; also,
A memorial to the Congress of the United States sympathi-
1sng with the Cubans.
i ,YVery Respectfully,
HUGH A. CORLEY,
Secretary Senate.
Which was read, and the accompanying memorials placed
'naong the orders of the day.
Also the following:
SENATE CHAMBER, January 13, 1874..
4Hon. M. MARTIN, Speaker 9f the Assembly :
SIp: I am directed to inform you that the Senate has con-
curred in the resolution of the Assembly to appoint a joint
committee of the two houses to act upon Congressional Appor-
tionment, and Messrs. Pearce, Henderson and Dennis have been
appointed upon the part of the Senate upon said committee.
The.Senate has also concurred in the resolution to appoint
a joint committee on Amendments to the Constitution of this,
State, and Messrs. Howe, McCaskill and Hill have been ap-
pointed on the part of the Senate upon said committee.
Very respectfully,
HUGH A. CORLEY,
." Secretary Senate.
Which was read.
Also. the following:
S" SENATE CHAMBER, January 13, 1874.4
.Xon. M. X ARTIN, Speaker of the Assembly:
S.S m : I a m d i r e c t e d t o i n f o r m y o u t h a t t h e S e n a t e h s
opted-
"'Coniiurrent resolution, "That the Standing Committees a.
Jt..lroads of both houses be recommended to sit jointly in the
consideration of the'questions growing out of the complications
of railroads;" also,







SA resolution. for th t appointment of ar joint toibeee-
'amine the offices-ofthe Comptroller -and'f[tes.si .;a:-.
Very respectfully, .
,.". "( 't'".I f +"
*.., *, ,. ,reL u ry .- ,
Which was read, and the accompanying resolutions .l
among the. orders of the day, .. -
The- following bill was introduced : :..
By Mr. Ball: .
SA bill to be entitled anact to- repeal sections 0even,.p fi1 t nd
nine, (relative to horse racing,) of an act entitled; aI. ."agt
.provid.e for the punishment .of vorime and proceedings I *m-
inallcases, approved August -6, 186,8 :. .
Which. was received'" and played am.g he r eqojreg. of'
,la y I ; ;t "* .*. *- ,; .: "''
SMr. Wallaoe offered the, following resolution ..
". "- .* i, .
Whereas, the last regular session of the Legislaturei :&
an*. act repealing the Legal -Advertising act; and whe.i' iaid
-act or bill was stolen -by some -unknown paty 6r: i-
'therefore ".. :
S-Besolved, That a committee of three be elected-Iby thii R M-
.sembly to find outthle party orpairties who stole said bill iia
:said 'committee shall -have power tb.. 'ind for..peisorio -an. .
papers. -
Which was.-read.
Mr. Menard.moved to amend by striking out "elect," and
insert appointed by the Speaker;" .
Which was'not agreed to. .
Mr. Llambias offered the following amendment: .
That this Committee endeavor to find.all .bills wichi ,ere
"lost Or misplaced last session; .
Which was adopted. ..-
On motion, the resolution was adopted, and'' the Assembly
proceeded to elect the committee. ,
Messrs. Wallace, Swearingen. and Mcliniss were'chosen as
said committee.
Mr. Lee of Sumter gave notice that he would on.some'future
.day ask leave to introduce.the following bill.:
A: bill to be entitled an act to exclude Orange Groves in thJi
State from'Taxation. .. ."
Mr. Mitchell, from the Judiciary Committee, made the 'ff-
lowing report:
lIon. M. MARTIN, -
I : :. Speaker of the Assembly: ... '"
SIR: Your Committee on the Judiciary to hhdom ere re-





56



ferred Assembly bill No. 2, entited an act to make Choses in
Action subject to Homestead Exemptions of Personal Prop.
erty;
Assembly bill No. 3, entitled an act to amend an act entitled
an act to organize the County Courts of the several counties
of the State and to prescribe the mode of Practice of said
Courts;
Assembly bill No. 18, entitled an act to prevent Attorneys
at Law from acting as Sheriffs, or Clerks, or Deputies of
either;
SHave carefully examined the same and recommend that they
severally do pass.
Your Committee have examined Assembly bill No. 1., enti-
fled an act in relation to State Attorneys, and recommend the
passage of the same, with the following amendments:
Strike out section three (3) and amend section two (2) by
inserting after the word day,"" and ten dollars for each con-
viction."
Your Committee have also examined Assembly bill No. 5,
entitled an act to exempt Wages and Salaries from Garnish-
ment ; and Assembly bill No. 10, entitled an act to change the
name of Louisa Jane Durham, and for other purposes, and re-
commend that the same do not pass, the former being covered
by Assembly bill No. 2, and the latter being in conflict with
the Constitution of this State. H. L. MITCHELL,
E. R CHADWICK,
JOHN WALLACE,
Judiciary Committee.
Which was read and concurred in, and the accompanying
bills placed among the orders of the day.
Under a unanimous suspension of the rule, the following
bills were introduced pnd placed among the orders of the day:
By Mr. Wallace:
A bill to be entitled an act to authorize County Commis-
sioners to levy a Road Tax.
By Mr. Hankins:
SA bill to be entitled an act in reference to contesting elec-
tions in the Senate and Assembly of the State of Florida.
By Mr. Llambias:
A bill to be entitled an act to alter and amend section 4 of
an act entitled an act to provide for the incorporation of Be-
nevolent and Charitable Societies.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
Assembly bill No. 22 :
To be entitled an act in reference to contesting elections in.
the Senate and Assembly of the State of Florida,






5'87
Was read the first time and referred to Committee on Privi-
leges and Elections.
Assembly bill No. 21:
To be entitled an act to repeal sections seven, eight and nine,
(relating to horse racing,) of an act entitled an act to provide
for the punishment of crime and proceedings in criminal cases,
approved August 6, 1868,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
Assembly bill No. 23:
To be entitled an act to alter and amend section 4 of an act
entitled an act to provide for the incorporation of Benevolent
and Charitable Societies,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Incorporations.
Assembly bill No. 24:
To be entitled an act to authorize County Commissioners to
levy a Road Tax,
Was read the first time, and on motion of Mr. Montgomery,
indefinitely postponed.
Senate resolution recommending joint action of Committee
on Railroads,
Was read, and on motion, concurred in.
Senate Joint Resolution for appointment of a joint commit-
tee to examine the offices of the Comptroller and Treasurer,
Was read and adopted.
Senate memorial to the Congress of the U. S. sympathising
with the Cubans,
Was read, and on motion of Mr. Browne, adopted.
Senate memorial to the Congress of the U. S. relative to an
appropriation for building a Custom House and Court House
at Key West,
Was read, and on motion of Mr. Browne, adopted.
Assembly bill No. 18 :
To be entitled an act to prevent Attorneys-at-Law from act-
ting as Sheriffs or Clerks, or Deputies of either,
Was read the second time.
Mr. Long moved the indefinite postponement of the bill;
Which was not agreed to.
The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading on
to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 3*:
To be entitled an act to amend an act entitled an act to or-
ganize the County Courts of the several counties of the State,
and to provide the Mode of Practice of said courts,
Was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed for
a third reading on to-morrow.





.58



Assembly bill No. 2 :
To be entitled an act to make Choses in Action subject to
Homestead Exemptions of Personal Property,
Was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed for
,a third reading on to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 17:
To be entitled an act in relation to State Attorney's,.
Was read the second time, and the amendments recommended
by the Committee on Judiciary were concurred in, and.the bill
ordered to be engrossed, as amended, for a third reading on.to-
,;aorrow..,
Assembly bill No. 5 :
To be entitled an act to exempt Wages and Salaries from gar-
,nishment,
Was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr. Mitchell,
indefinitely postponed.
Assembly bill No. 10:
To be entitled an act to change the name of. Louisa Jane Dur-
.ham, and for other purposes,
Was read the second time, and, on motion, allowed to be
.withdrawn.
Assembly bill No. 7:
To be entitled an act in relation to the Taxing of Oysters,
.Was. read the second time, and, on motion of Mr, Atkins of
Franklin, indefinitely postponed.
,The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, January 14,-18 4.
,.on. M.. MATIN, Speaker of the Assembly:
.SI: I am .directed to .inform you that the Senate has this
day passed the following bills :
Senate bill No. 3:
To be entitled an act to alter and amend Section 4 of Chap-
ter. 33 of the Laws of Florida, entitled an act to provide for.the
Incorporation of Benevolent and Charitable Societies; also,
Senate bill No. 4:
To be entitled an act regulating the time for holding Courts
in the Fourth Judicial Circuit.
Very. respectfully,
HUGH A. CORLEY,
"Secretary Senate.
,Which.was read.
Senate bill No 4, was read the first time and referred to the
Judiciary Committee.
Senate bill No. 3,. was read the first time and referred to the
Committee on Corporations.








. Under a suspension of the rule, Mr. -McTIni e gerAd.tl-
lowing resolution : .
Resolved by the Assembly of the .State. of .Floridai l4it" we
unhesitatingly endorse .the jaomination of J.. B. 0C.; Di)aw as
United States District Attorney for the Northern- DIfptrit of
Florida: .as. one eminently fit. to be. made, an.id.hoe it fiaye
'-'onfi.mned, .
Which was read and adopted. .
On motion of Mr, Gass, the Assembly adjourned :until to-
morrow morning, 10 o'clock.
*

0-



THURSDAY,. January .15, 1874.

The Assembly met pursuant to adjournment.
The roll being called, the following members answered tib
their names:
Messrs. Atkins~ of F~rnklin, Ball, Brinson, rowne, Bryant,
oleman, Cruse,;Gass, Green, Hagan, EaHnIins,: Uardee, Rpye,
-Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long,' McInniss, Mc 'illai*i
nard, eal of -JaTkson, .Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler,
Petty, Proctor, Robinson, Rouse Small, Speer, Stbkes, Sun-
-day, Swearingen, Thompson of bolumbia, Thompson (if Jd
person, Washington and Weeks-5-36.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
On motion of Mr. Petty,- the reading of yesterday's joullnal
was dispensed with, the journal ,corrected and approved.
rT. Wallace offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That -the Secretary of State furnish this Assembly
their names. a













withe the number of bonds issued, the amount thereof, Birpan
.hCoich the seal ofthe State has ben affixed since reconstruction,
.he date of such bond or bonds, for what purposes issued .
nahom delivered and the date of delivery.
Which was read and adopted.
"Mr. SuWnday offered the following resolution:
Resolved That the Judiciary Committee be requested and
ithuthed nat some early day to prepare a bill for the protec-
instroted at some early day to prepare a bill for the protec-





60

tion of Stevedores of the State, and to report the same for
the action of this Assembly.
Which was read and adopted.
Mr. Atkins of Franklin offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the commissioners of Alabama, now in the
city to urge the annexation of West Florida to Alabama, be
furnished with seats on this floor, and that a committee of three
be appointed to inform them of the same.
Which was read and adopted.
Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Peeler and Menard were appoint-
ed said committee.
Mr. Gass offered a joint resolution relative to the distribu-
tion of the laws;
Which was read.
Mr. Mitchell moved to lay the resolution on the table;
Which was not agreed to.
The resolution was placed among the orders of the day for
a second reading on to-morrow.
Mr. Mitchell, from the Judiciary Committee, made the fol-
lowing report:
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SmI: Your Committee on Judiciary, to whom were referred
the following bills, beg leave to report that they have care-
fully examined Senate bill No. 4, entitled an act regulating the
time of holding courts in the Fourth Judicial Circuit;
Assembly bill No. 1, entitled an act to amend an act relating
to jurors;
Assembly bill No. 21, entitled an act to repeal sections seven,
eight and nine (relative to horse-racing) of an act entitled an
act to provide for the punishment of crime and proceedings in
criminal cases, approved August 6, 1868;
Assembly bill No. 15, entitled a bill making certified copies
of mortgages, deeds and other conveyances receivable for rec-
ord and evidence in court, and recommend that they do pass.
Your committee have examined Assembly bill No. 16, enti-
Stled an act directing the Governor to prosecute existing suits
in behalf of the State of Florida in the Supreme Court of the
United States; and Assembly bill No. 20, entitled an act rela-
ting to costs of process in certain instances, and recommend
that they do not pass.
H. L. MITCHELL,
W. H. GLEASON,
E. R. CHADWICK.
Judiciary Committee.





61



Which was read and adopted, and the accompanying bills
placed among the orders of the day.
Mr. Browne, from the Committee on Engrossed Bills, made
the following report:
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly:
SI :' The Committee on Engrossed Bills would beg leave to
offer the following report, that they have examined the follow-
ing Assembly bills, and find them correctly engrossed:
Assembly bill No. 2, to be entitled an act to make Ohoses in
Action subject to Homestead Exemptions of personal property ;
Asssembly bill No. 3, to be entitled an act to amend an act
entitled an act to organize the county courts of the several
counties of this State, and to prescribe the mode of practice of
said courts ;
Assembly bill No. 17, to be entitled an act relating to State
Attorneys;
Assembly bill No. 18, to be entitled an act to prevent Attor-
torneys-at-Law from acting as sheriffs or clerks, or deputies of
either. J. B. BROWNE, Chairman.
W. W. HANKINS,
W. K. LONG,
GEO. WASHINGTON,
Committee on Engrossed Bills.
Which was read and the accompanying bills placed among
the orders of the day.
Mr. Lee, from the Committee on Claims, made the following
report:
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: Your Committee on Claims, to whom were referred
Assembly bill No. 19, for the relief of John W. Bryant and
Enoch E. Mizell, ask leave to report that they have had the
same under consideration, and recommend its passage.
J. A. LEE, Chairman.
H. L. MITCHELL,
B. H. NEAL,
JOHN E. PROCTOR.
Which was read and the accompanying bill placed among
the orders of the day.
The following communication was received from the Secre-
tary of State:
To lion. M. MARTIN,
speakerr of the Assembly :
SIR: In compliance with Section 28, Art. IV of the Consti-






62



t.ution, I transmit herewith the following bills, which origina-
ted in the Assembly, and passed both houses at the last session,
and which the Governor failed to sign, but filed his objection
to the same, together with said bills, in the office of Secretary
of State, to-wit:
An act to authorize the Pensacola City Company to divide
its property among the stockholders;
An act to fix and regulate the fees and per diem of certain .
officers herein designated ;
An act for the relief of Alexander B.. Hawkins, and others:
An act for the protection of the laboring men of Florida;
An act to change the name of the corporation known as thel
Southern Land and Immigration' Company, and call it tlih
Florida Banking and Trust Company;
An act to punish persons for illegal voting in this State ;
A joint resolution relative to the burning of cancelled scril
in the office of the Treasurer.
Very respectfully,
SAM. B. McLIN,
Secretary of State.
Which was read.
On motion of Mr. Gleason,'the following act, with the Gov-
ernor's objections thereto, was referred to the Committee on
the Judiciary:
An act to authorize the Pensacola City Company to divide
its property among the stockholders by lot. /
An act to fix and regulate the fees and per diem of certain
officers herein. designated, with the Governor's objections
thereto,
Was, on motion of Mr. Ball, referred to the Committee on
Finance and Taxation.
An act for the relief of Alexander B. Hawkins and others.
with the Governor's objections thereto,
Was read.
Upon the question,' Shall the bill pass, the objections of
the Governor to the contrary notwithstanding?"
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Speer and Swearingen-2.
Nays-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson, Browne.
Bryant, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Green, Hankins.
Hardee, Lee of Sttnter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, McMillan,
Menard, Mitchell, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Neal of
Liberty, Osgood, Peeler, Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Robinson.
Rouse, Small, Stokes, Sunday, Thompson of Columbia...
Thompson of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace, Washinton and
Weeks-38.
So. the bill did not pass.






63

SAn act for the protection of ,the laboring men of the .StAe
of Florida, with the Governor's objections thereto, '
Was read. .
Mr. McInniss moved to refer to the Judiciary Committee ;
Which was not agreed to.
Upon the question Shall the bill pass, the objections of his
Excelrency to the contrary notwithstanding.?"
.The vote was:
Ve M M s Chadwick
< Yeas---Messrs... Chadwick, Gass, Gleason, Hardee, Long,.
.M inniss, Menard, Montgomery, Neal- of Jackson, Petty.
Proctor, Rogers, Robinson, Rouse, Sinall, Stdkes, Suiihdy,
Thompsonof Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Wallake and-
Washington-21.
. Nays-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Browne,. .Bry-
ant Coleman, Cruse' Green, I ankins, Llambias, Lee of Sum-:
ter, Livingston, McMillan, Mitchell, Neal of Liberty, Osgood.
Peeler, Speer, Swearingen, Vann and Weeks'-20.
SSo the bill did not pass, two-thirds not -voting in the aff"lr
native.
SAn act to change the name of the corporation kndwn as the
Southern Land and Immigration Company, and call it the Florida
Banking and Trust Company, with the Governor's objections
thereto,
Was read.
Upon the question, Shall the bill pass, the objections of the
governorr to the contrary notwithstanding ?"
The vote was:
..Yeas-None.
Nays-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson, Browne,.
Bryant, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Green, Hagan, Han-
kins, Bardee, Llambias, Lee of Sumter, Livingston, McInniss,
McMillan, Menard, Mitchell, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson,
'Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler, Petty, Rogers, Robinson,
Rouse, Small, Speer, Stokes, Sunday, Swearingen, Tiompson
of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace, Wash-
ington and Weeks-40.
So the bill did not pass.
An act to punish persons for illegally voting in this State,
with the objections of the Governor thereto,
Was read, and on motion of Mr. Ball, referred to the Judi.
ciary Committee.
Joint Resolution relative to the burning-of Cancelled Scrip
in the office of the Treasurer, with the objections of the Gov-
ernor thereto,
Was read.






64



Upon the question, Shall the resolution pass, the objec-
tions of the Governor to the contrary notwithstanding ?"
The vote was:
Yea-Mr. Swearingen-1.
Nays-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Browne, Bry-
ant, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Green, Hagan, Han-
kins, Hardee, Hope, Llambias, Lee of Sumter, Livingston,
Long, McMillan, McKinnon, Menard, Mitchell, Montgomery,
Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler, Petty,
Proctor, Rogers, Robinson, Rouse, Small, Speer, Stokes,
Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann, Wal-
lace, Washington and Weeks-40.
So the resolution did not pass.
Mr. Speer gave notice that he would at an early day intro.
duce a bill to adjust differences of valuation of property between
assessors and tax-payers by referees.
Under a unanimous suspension of the rule, the following
bills were introduced and placed among the orders of the day:
By Mr. Mitchell :
A bill to be entitled an act relating to Insurance Companies
in the State of Florida.
By Mr. McMillan:
A bill to be entitled an act more particularly defining the
duties of the Board of County Commissioners.
By Mr. Thompson of Jefferson:
A bill to be entitled an act declaring the legal sale days in
the State of Florida.
By Mr. Washington:
A bill to be entitled an act to restore Convicts of certain
crimes to civil rights under the law.
By Mr Sunday:
A bill to be entitled an act te authorize Lyman Dannkeisen
to act as a free trader.
By Mr. Small:
A bill to be entitled an act to authorize Brinkley Stokes to
establish a Ferry across the Withlacoochee river at a point
known as Harris' Bridge.
By Mr. Lee of Sumter:
A bill to be entitled an act for the encouragement of immi-
gration to this State and to encourage the planting and raising
of tropical fruits.
Mr. Washington presented a memorial to the Congress of
the United States, in reference to the extension of time to
Homestead Settlers;
Which was received and placed among the orders of the
day.






65



On motion of Mr. Johnson, the Hon. Wm. Kendrick was in-
vited to a seat within the bar.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
The following bills, resolutions and memorials were read the
first time and referred to the appropriate committees:.
Assembly bill No. 25:
To be entitled an act for the encouragement of immigration
so this State, and to encourage the planting and raising tropi-
cal fruits,
Was referred to the Committee on Agriculture.
Memorial to the Congress of the United States in reference
to the extension of time to Homestead Settlers,
Was adopted.
Assembly bill No. 26, declaring the legal sale daya in the
State of Florida,
Was referred to the Judiciary Committee.
Assembly bill No. 27, more particularly defining the duties
of the Board of County Commissioners,
Was referred to the Judiciary Committee.
Assembly bill No. 28, relating to Insurance Companies in
the State of Florida,
Was read.
Mr. Mitchell moved that the rules be waived, and the bill
read a second time;
Upon which the yeas and nays were called for.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Brinson, Browne, Bryant, Green, Hagan, Han-
kins, Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Sumter, Liv-
ingston, Long, McMillan, Menard, Mitchell, Neal of Liberty,
Peeler, Petty, Proctor, Rogers, .Rouse, Small, Speer, Sunday,
Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann and
Wallace-29.
Nays-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Chadwick, Coleman,
Cruse, Gass, McInniss, Montgomery, Osgood, Stokes, Swear-
ingen and Washington-12.
So the motion was agreed to, and the bill read the second
time and ordered to be engrossed for a third reading on to-mor-
row.
Assembly bill No. 29, to restore Convicts of certain crimes
to civil rights under the law,
Was referred to the Judiciary Committee.
Assembly bill No. 30, to authorize Brinkley Stokes to es-
tablish a ferry across the Withlacoochee river at a point known
as Harris' Bridge,
Was referred to the Committee oi Corporations.
5i






66



Senate bill No. 4, regulating the time of holding courts in
the Fourth Judicial Circuit,
Was readthe second time.
Mr. Weeks offered the following amendment:
For the spring term, at the county site of Bradford, on the
second Monday in March; at the county site of Baker on the
third Monday in March; and for the fall term, at the county
site of Bradford the second Monday in September ; at the
county site of Baker, the third Monday in September.
Which was adopted, and the bill ordered for a third reading
on to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 3, to amend an act entitled an act to or-
ganize the county courts of the several counties of this State,
and to prescribe the mode of practice of said courts,
Was read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was :
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson, Browne,
Bryant,. Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gleason, Green, Hagan,
Hankins, Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Sumter,
Livingston, Long, McIfniss, McMillan, Menard, Mitchell,
Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler, Petty,
Proctor, Rogers, Rouse, Small, Speer, Stokes, Sunday, Swear-
ingen, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann,
Wallace and Weeks-41.
Nays-None.
So the bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Assembly bill No. 21:
to be entitled an act to repeal sections seven, eight and
nine (relative to horse-racing) of an act entitled an act to pro-
vide for the punishment of crimes and proceedings in crim-
inal cases, approved August 6, 1868,
Was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed for a
third reading on to-morrow.
The rule being unanimously waived, on motion of Mr. Llam-
bias, Dr. Starke, member from Volusia, was excused from at-
tendance on the Assembly for three days on account of indis-
position.
Under a unanimous suspension of the rule, the following re-
port was received :
ASSEMBLY HALL, January 15, 1874.
Hon. M. MAIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: Your Committee on Public Lands, to whom was refer-
red Assembly bill No: 9, for the protection of timber, have
considered the same. This bill refers to the taxing of timber,






.67



.&c., and should therefore have been referred to the Finance
and Taxation Committee.. Your committee respectfully return.
the same for its reference to said committee..
Very respectfully,
0. B. OSGOOD, Chairan.
F. B.. HAGAN,
C. BRINSON,
B. H. NEAL
SAMUEL, PETTY..
Which was read and adopted, and the accompanying bill re-
ferred to the Committee on Finance and Taxation.
Assembly bill No. 1 : .
To be entitled an act to amend an act relating to Jurors,
Was read the second time, and ordered to, be engrossed kIr
a third reading on to-morrow. ".
Assembly bill No. 20:
To be entitled an act relating to costs of process in certain
instances,
Was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr. Chadwick,
indefinitely postponed.
Assembly bill No. 16:
To be entitled an act directing the Governor to'prosecute
certain suits in behalf of the State of Florida in the. Supreme
Court of the United States,
Was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr. -Ball, in-
definitely postponed.
Assembly bill No. 15:
To be entitled an act making certified copies of mortgages
and deeds receivable for record and evidence in court, .
Was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed for a
third reading on to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 17, relating to State Attorneys,
Was read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson, Browne,
Bryant, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gleason, Green, Hagan,
Hankins, Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Sumter,
Livingston, Long, McInniss, McMillan, Menard, Mitchell,
Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler, Proctor,
Rogers, Rouse, Small, Speer, Stokes, Sunday, Swearingen,.
Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann, Wal-
lace and Washington-40.
Nays-None.
So the bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Assembly bill No. 18:





68



To be entitled an act to prevent attorneys at law from acting
as Sheriffs or Clerks or deputies of either,
Came up on its third reading.
On motion of Mr. Mitchell, the bill was placed back upon its
second reading for amendments.
Assembly bill No. 2:
To be entitled an act to make Choses in Action subject to
Homestead Exemptions of Personal Property,
Was read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Browne, Bryant,
Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gleason, Hope, Johnson, Llambias
Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInnis, McMillan, Menard,
Mitchell, Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler,
Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Small, Speer, Stokes, Sunday, Swear-
ingen, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann,
Wallace, Washington and Weeks-35.
Nays-Messrs. Brinson, Green, Hagan, Hankins and Har-
dee-5.
So the bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Assembly bill No. 31, to allow Lyman Dannkeiser to act as
a Free Trader,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
The rule being suspended, Mr. Mitchell introduced Assem-
bly bill No. 32, to authorize married women to convey their in-
terest in real estate by Attorney;
Which was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary
Committee.
On motion, the rule was suspended, and Mr. Long allowed to
introduce Assembly bill No. 33, for the protection of Minors
or Infants;
Which was read the first time and referred to the Committee
on Judiciary.
On motion of Mr. Long, the Assembly adjourned until 10
o'clock, to-morrow morning.






69



FRIDAY, January 16, 1874.
The Assembly met pursuant to adjournment.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, -Ball, Brinson,
Browne, Bryant, Chadwick,- Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Green. Ha-
gan, Hankins, Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Sum-
ter, Livingston, Long, McMillan, Menard, Mitchell, Ne.of.
Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Peeler, Petty, Rogers, Rouse, Speer,
Stokes, Sunday, Swearingen, Thompson of Columbia, Thomp-
son of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace, Washington and Weeks-89.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
On motion of Mr. Petty, the reading of yesterday's journal
was dispensed with, the journal corrected and approved.
The Speaker announced the following committee on the part:
of the Assembly to examine the books of the Comptroller and.
Treasurer: Messrs. Ball, Hope and Menard.
The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, January 15, 189..
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIm: I am directed to inform you that the Senate has this
day passed-
Senate bill No. 9, to be entitled an act for the Protection of
the People of this State from Illegal Costs and Charges.
Very respectfully,
HUGH A. CORLEY,
Secretary Senate.
Which was read, and the accompanying bill placed among
the orders of the day.
Mr. Menard introduced the following bill:
A bill to be entitled an act to make ten hours a Legal Day's
work
Which was received and placed among the orders of the day.
"Mr. Hope presented a memorial to Congress for the estab-
lishment of a Mail Route in Hernando County;
Which was read and adopted.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Mr. Mitchell, from the Committee on Judiciary, made the
following report:
0on. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly:
SIR: Your committee, to whom the following Assembly bills





70

were referred, beg leave to report that they have carefully
examined bill No. 26, entitled an act declaring the Legal Sale
Days in the State of Florida ;
Bill No. 32, entitled an act to authorize married women to
Convey their Interest in Real Estate by Attorney, and recom-
-mend that the same do pass..
Bill No. 33, entitled an act for the protection of Minors or
Infants, your committee have examined, and being of the opin-
ion that there is no legislation required upon the subject therein
contained, recommend that the same do not pass.
Bill No. 31, entitled an act to declare Lyman Dannheison a
Free Trader, being in conflict with the Constitution of this
State, your committee recommend that the same do not pass;
and bill No..13, entitled an act to amend Section 3, Chapter 8,
of an act to provide for the punishment of Crime and Proceed-
ings in criminal cases, is herewith reported back to the Assem-
bly without action on the part of your committee.
H. L. MITCHELL,
W. H. GLEASON,
E. R. CHADWICK,
JOHN WALLACE.
Judiciary Committee.
Which was read, and the accompanying bills placed among
the orders of the day.
Under a unanimous suspension of the rule, Mr. Mclnniss in-
troduced the following bill:
A bill to be entitled an act for the protection of the Labor-
ing Men of the State of Florida;
Which was received and placed among the orders of the day.

ORDERS OF THE DAY.

Assembly bill to be entitled an act making ten hours a Le-
gal Day's Work,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
A bill to be entitled an act for the protection of the Labor-
"ing Men of the State of Florida,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
Senate bill No. 9:
To be be entitled an act for the protection of the people of
.l%;a (RiZ+n frimv1n Tlliarmnl V nt.a anrl n hn aroo.








To be entitled an act declaring Lyman Dannheison a Free
Trader,
Was read the second time.
On motion of Mr. Chadwick, the bill was indeitmtely'post-
poned. .
Assembly bill No. 33, for the protection of Minor and In-
fants,
Was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr. Baii, in-
definitely postponed..
Assembly bill No. 13:
To be entitled an act to amend Section 3, Chapter 8,.of. an
"act to provide for the punishment of Crime and Proceeding8sin
criminal cases,
Was read the second time..
Mr. Chadwick moved to indefinitely postpone the bill;
Which was not agreed to, and the bill ordered to be engrossed
for third reading on to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 32:
To be entitled an act to authorize married women to Convey
their Interest in Real Estate by Attorney,
Was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed for a
third reading on to-morrow.
On. motion of Mr. Gass, Hon. ex-Senator Osborn was invited
to a seat within the bar.
Assembly bill No. 26 :
To be entitled an act declaring Legal Sale Days in the State
of Florida,.
Was read the second time, and-ordered to be engrossed for a
third reading on to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 18:
To be entitled an act to prevent Attorneys-at-Law from act-
ing as Sheriffs, or Clerks, or Deputies of either,
Was read the second time. -
Mr. Mitchell moved to amend the bill .by striking out the
word court and inserting the word county in lieu there;
Which was agreed to.
On motion of.Mr. Hope, the bill was withdrawn.
Mr. Browne, from the Committee on Engrossed Bills, made
the following report :
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly:
SIR: The Committee on Engrossed Bills would beg leave to
report that they have examined the following bills and memo-
rials, and find them to be correctly engrossed:
Assembly bill No. 1, to be entitled an act to amend an act
entitled ah act relating to Jurors ;





72

Assembly bill No. 15, to be entitled an act making certified
copies of mortgages and deeds receivable for Record and Evi-
dence in Court;
Assembly bill No. 21, to be entitled an act to repeal Sec-
tions seven, eight and nine (relative to horse-racing) of an act
entitled an act to provide for the punishment of Crime and
Proceedings in criminal cases, approved August 6, 1868;
Assembly bill No. 28, to be entitled an act relating to Insu-
rance Companies in the State of Florida.
Memorial to the Congress of the United States asking for
the extension of time for Settlers under the Homestead Act to
make their final proof.
Very respectfully,
J. B. BROWNE, Chairman.
W. W. HANKINS,
GEO. WASHINGTON,
W. K. LONG.
Committee on Engrossed Bills.
Which was read, and the accompanying bills and memorial
placed among the orders of the day.
Senate bill No. 4:
To be entitled an act regulating the time of holding Courts
in the Fourth Judicial Circuit,
Was read the third time.
On motion of Mr. Weeks, the bill was placed back upon its
second reading.
Mr. Peeler offered the following as a substitute to said bill:
A bill to be entitled an act to fix the time of holding the
Circuit Court in the Fourth Judicial Circuit;
Which was read and adopted in lieu of the original bill.
The bill and substitute were placed among the orders of the
day for a third reading on to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 21:
To be entitled an act to repeal sections seven, eight and
nine, (relative to horse racing,) of an act entitled an act to pro-
vide for the punishment of Crime and proceedings in criminal
cases, approved August 6, 1868,
Was read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Bryant, Gleason,
Green, Hagan, Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Sum-
ter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, Menard, Mitchell, Montgom-
ery, Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Peeler, Petty, Proctor,
Rogers, Robinson, Stokes, Sunday and Weeks-27.
Nays-Messrs. Brinson, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Hankins,






78
McMillan, Osgood, Rouse, Small, Speer, Swearingen, Thomp.
son of Jefferson and Vann-13.
So the bill passed-title as stated..
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Assembly bill No. 15:
To be entitled an act making certified copies of Mortgages
and Deeds receivable for record and evidence in Court,
Was read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was :
Yeas-Messrs. Ball, Brinson, Bryant, Chadwick, Coleman,
Cruse, Gass, Gleason, Hankins, Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llam-
bias, Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInniss,. Menard,
Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Ro-
binson, Rouse, Small, Stokes, Sunday, Swearingen, YannN.Wal-
lace, Washington and Weeks-32.
Nays-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Browne, Green, Hagan,
McMillan, Mitchell, Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler and
Speer-10.
So the bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Assembly bill No. 1:
To be entitled an act to-.amend an act entitled an act relat-
* ing to Jurors,
Was read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklizi, Ball, Brinson, Bryant,
Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Gleason, Green, Hagan,
Hankins, Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Sumter,
Livingston, Long, McInniss, McMillan, Menard, Mitchell,
Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Peeler, Petty, Rogers,
Rouse, Small, Speer, Stokes, Sunday, Swearingen, Thompson
of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace, Washington and Weeks-39.
Nay-Mr. Osgood-1.
So the bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Assembly bill No. 28:
To be entitled an act relating to Insurance Companies in
the State ofFlorida,
Was read the third time.
Mr. Gleason moved that the bill be placed baek on its second
reading and referred to the Committee on Finance and Tax-
ation;
Which was agreed to and the bill referred to the Committee
on Finance and Taxation.
Mr. Gleason gave notice that at some future day he would
introduce a bill to repeal so much of the Insurance Law as
provides for a deposit of State bonds.





74



Mr. Gass gave notice that at some future day he will intro-
duwe a bill to amend the Insurance Law of 1871.
Mr. Llambias gave notice that at some future day he will
introduce a bill making all Juror and Witness Certificates
receivable for all Taxes.
Mr. Osgood moved that a committee be appointed, consist-
ing of five, on Mail'Routes, and that all matters in relation to
Mail Routes and Post Offices be referred to this committee,
Which was agreed to.
The rule being unanimously waived, Mr. Johnson presented
a Memorial to U. S. Congress for.the Establishment of a Mail
Route from Monticello, Florida, to Perry Courthouse, Taylor
Co., Florida;
Which was read and adopted.
Ordered the same to be certified to the Senate.
On motion of Mr. Atkins of Franklin, Mr. Weeks was ex-
cused from attendance on the Assembly for four days.
Messrs. Lee of Hamilton and Thompson of Jefferson were
excused from attendance on the Assembly" until Monday
morning next.
The rule being unanimously waived, Mr. Gass introduced
a bill to be entitled an act in relation to the appointment of
Civil Officers in the several counties of this State ;
Which was received and placed among the orders of the day.
On motion of Mr. Lee of Sumter, the Assembly adjourned
until 10 o'clock, to-morrow morning.



O0-



SATURDAY, January 17, 1874.
The Assembly met pursuant to adjournment.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
their names :
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Ball, Brinson, Browne, Bryant, Chad-
wick, Coleman, Gass, Green, Hagan, Hardee, Hope, Johnson,
Llambias, Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, McMil-
lan, Menard, Mitchell, Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Os-
good, Peeler, Petty, Proctor, Rouse, Small, Speer, Stokes,
Sunday, Swearingen, Thompson of Columbia, Vann and Wash-
ington-36.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.








On motion of Mr. Petty, the reading of. yeterday's jour-
nal was dispensed with and the journal-ocorreeted aindY. '
proved.
On motion of Mr. Chadwick, Mr. Rogers was- excused from
attendance on the Assembly for to-day on account of siok-
ness.
Mr. Thompson -of Columbia and Mr. Hankins, were ex-
cused until Monday next.
The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, January 16, 1874.
Hon. M. MAABTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: I am directed to inform you that the Senate has this.
day passed-
Senate bill No. 15, entitled a bill to authorize the Great
Southeru Railroad Company to consolidate with the Great
Southern Railway Company of Georgia; also,
A memorial to the Congress of the United States requesting
appropriations for Harbor and River Improvements in the
State of Florida.
Very Respectfully,
HUGH A. CORLEY,
Secretary Senate.
Which was read, and the accompanying bill and memorial
placed among the orders of the day.
Mr. Menard presented a memorial from Harrison Reed;
Which was received and placed among the orders of the
day.
Mr. Green offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the Honorable the Commissioners of the
State of Alabama, now in the city, be and they are hereby
invited to address the members of the Legislature and the
people of the State of Florida generally upon the subject of
the Annexation of West Florida to the State of Alabama at
half-pa.st seven o'clock, on Monday evening next; and the use
of the Assembly Hall is hereby granted to said Commissioners
for the purpose of said address;
Which was read and adopted.
On motion, Messrs. Mitchell, Menard and Neal of Jackson
were appointed a committee to notify the Hon. Commissioners
of the same.
Mr. Hagan offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the Judiciary Committee be instructed to
draft a bill for the better protection of Cattle Owners.
Which was read and adopted.







Mr. Hardee offered a memorial to the Congress of the Uni-
ted States requesting an appropriation to clear out the Haul-
over between Musquito Lagoon and Indian river;
Which was received and placed among the orders of the
day.
Mr. Washington moved that the Assembly adjourn until
Monday morning, ten o'clock;
Which was not agreed to.

ORDERS OF THE DAY.
A memorial to the Congress of the United States requesting
an appropriation to clear out the Haulover between Musquito
Lagoon and Indian river,
Was read and adopted.
A memorial of Harrison Reed, ex-Governor,
Was read.
Mr. Swearingen moved that the memorial be referred to the
Committee on Claims.
Mr. Menard moved as a substitute, that the memorial be re-
ferred to the Committee on Comptroller's and Treasurer's
Accounts;
Which was not agreed to.
The memorial was referred to the Committee on Claims.
A memorial to the Congress of the United States requesting
appropriations for Harbor and River Improvements in the
State of Florida,
Was read and adopted.
Under a unanimous suspension of the rule, Mr. Ball offered
the following resolution:
Resolved by the Assembly, That, in conjunction with the Sen-
ate Committee on Finance, the Committee on Finance and
Taxation be instructed to immediately inquire into the opera-
tions of the fiscal officers of the State government under an
act entitled An act in relation to the finances of the State,"
approved February 21, 1873, and ascertain whether any, and
if so, what amount of bonds have been sold for cash under the
provisions of said bill. What amount have been exchanged
thereunder, and for what. Whether the condition precedent
was complied with, to levying a tax for interest and a sinking
fund therefore, and whether there has not been an excessive
levy thereunder. And also, that they inquire and report into
the expediency of annulling the further operations of said act,
and the return of such excessive taxes as may be found to
have been collected, with power to report by bill or otherwise.
Which was read and adopted.






77
Assembly bill No. -:
To be entitled an act to amend the 9th section of an aot to
"provide for the Incorporation of Cities and Towns, and to es-
tablish a uniform system of municipal government in this State,
approved February 4, 1869,
Was read the first time.
On motion of Mr. McMillan, the bill was referred to -the
Committee on City and County Organizations.
Assembly bill No.-: ..
To be entitled an act in relation to the appointment of Civil
Officers in the several counties of this State.
Was read the first time.
On motion of Mr. Gass, the bill was referred to the Judiciary
Committee.
The Speaker announced the following Committees :
Committee on Mail Routes-Messrs. Osgood, Peeler, Starke,
Rogers and Gleason.
Joint Committee- on Congressional Apportionment-Messrs..
Gleason, McKinnon, Livingston, Menard and Speer.
Mr. Browne, from the Committee on Engrossed Bills, made
the following report:
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly:
SIR: The Committee on Engrosssed Bills would beg leave
to offer the following report, that they have examined the fol-
lowing.bills, and find them to be correctly engrossed:
Assembly bill No. 13, to be entitled an act to amend Section
3, Chapter 8, of an act to be entitled an act to provide for the
Punishment of Crime and Proceedings in Criminal Cases, ap-
proved August 6, 1868;
Assembly bill No. 26, to be entitled an act declaring the Le-.
gal Sale Days in the State of Florida;
Assembly bill No. 32, to be entitled an act to authorize
Married Women to convey their interest in Real Estate by at-
torney.
Very respectfully,
J. B. BROWNE, Chairman.
GEO. WASHINGTON,
W. R. LONG,
Committee on Engrossed Bills.
Which was read and the accompanying bills placed among
the orders of the day.
Senate bill No. 15:
A bill to authorize the Great Southern Railroad Company





a



to consolidate with the Great Southern Railway Company of"
Georgia,
Was read the first time.
Mr. Gleason moved that the rule be waived and the bill read
a second time;
Which was not agreed to.
On motion of Mr. Swearingen, the bill was referred to the
Committee on Railroads.
Senate bill No. 9:
To be entitled an act for the Protection of the People of this
State from Illegal Costs and Charges,
Was read the second time, and placed among the orders of
the day for a third reading on Monday.
Assembly substitute for Senate bill No. 4 :
A bill to be entitled an act to Fix the Time of holding the
Circuit Court in the Fourth Judicial Circuit,
Was read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Ball, Brinson, Browne, Bryant, Chadwick,
Gass, Gleason, Green, Hagan, Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llam-
bias, Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, Menard,
Mitchell, Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler,
Petty, Proctor, Rouse, Small, Speer, Stokes, Sunday, Swear--
ingen, Vann and Wallace-33.
Nays-None.
So the substitute passed-title as stated.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
On motion of Mr. Long, the Assembly adjourned until Mon-
day, 12 o'clock.


0
~----------o---



MONDAY, January 19, 1874.
The Assembly met pursuant to adjournment.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson,
Browne, Bryant, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Gleason,
Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hardee, Hope, Johnson,
Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee of Sumter, Long, McInniss,
McMillan, McKinnon, Menard, Mitchell, Montgomery, Neal of
Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Osgood, Peeler, Petty, Proctor,







Rogers, Rouse, Small, Speer, Starke, Stokes, Sunday,. iyear
ingen, Thompson of Columbia, Vann, Wallace and, Was4 g-
ton-46.
A quorum present,
Prayer by the Chaplain.
On motion of Mr. Ball, the reading of Saturday's journal as
dispensed with, the journal corrected and approved.
The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE' CHB1IR, January 17, 1874.
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: I am directed to inform you that the Senate has this
day passed-
Senate bill No. 10, an act providing a Remedy in Casesw'here
death ensues from the wrongful act of another; also,
Senate bill No. 11, an act making appropriations to supply
Deficiencies in Printing for the year 1872, and for the Pay-
ment of Juror and Witness Certificates ; also,
Senate joint resolution in relation to Bush's Digest; also,
Concurrent resolution to appoint a Joint Committee upon
the Memorial of ex-Governor Reed.
Very respectfully,
HUGH A. CORLEY,
Secretary Senate.
Which was read, and the accompanying bills and resolutions
placed among the orders of the day.
Also the following :
SENATE CHAMBER, January 17, 1874.
Hon.M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly:
SIR: I am directed to inform you that the Senate has this
. day adopted the following Assembly memorials :
A memorial for a Mail Route in Hernando County;
A memorial to the Congress of the United States asking for
the Extension of Time for Settlers under the Homestead Act
to make their final proof;
A memorial to Congress for the establishment of a Mail
Route in Putnam County, Florida; also,
A memorial for the establishment of a Mail Route from
Monticello, Florida, to Perry Court-house, Taylor County,
Florida.
Very respectfully,
HUGH A. CORLEY,
Secretary Senate.
Which was read, and the accompanying memorials ordered
to be enrolled.





80



Mr. Atkins of Franklin offered a memorial to the Congress
of the United States relative to a Ship Channel in the Apalach-
icola Bay, and for other purposes;
Which was read and adopted.
Mr. Peeler offered a bill to be entitled an act in reference to
the sale of Seed Cotton;
Which was received and placed among the orders of the day.
Mr. Llambias offered a bill to be entitled ifn act making cer-
tain scrip Receivable for Taxes;
Which was received and placed among the orders of the day.
Mr. Mitchell offered a resolution requesting ex-Governor
Reed to give information to the Committee on Claims in ref-
erence to the contents of the memorial referred to that com-
mittee.
Mr. Osgood moved to lay the resolution on the table;
Which was not agreed to.
On motion of Mr. Mitchell, the resolution was adopted.
Mr. Osgood offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That one hundred copies of the Governor's mes-
mge and one hundred copies of the reports of the departments
be printed separately for the use of the several departments.
Mr. Swearingen moved to lay the resolution on the table;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Menard offered a resolution relative to the disagreement
existing between his Excellency, Governor Hart, and Attor-
ney-General Cocke;
Which was decided to be out of order by the Speaker.
Mr. Menard was allowed to withdraw the resolution for the
purpose of amending the same.
Mr. Gleason offered a joint resolution relative to the appoint-
ment of a joint committee of five on the part of the Assembly
and three on the part of the Senate to visit the State Peniten-
tiary and report the necessary expenses for the year 1874.
Mr. Chadwick moved that the resolution be laid upon the
table;
Which was not agreed to.
Mr. Ball moved to amend the resolution by striking out five
and inserting three; striking out three and inserting two;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Mitchell moved to amend the resolution by inserting, that
each member of the committee shall pay his own expenses.
Mr. Gass moved that the resolution and amendment be made
the special order for to-morrow, ten o'clock;
Which was not agreed to.
On motion, the amendment was adopted, and the original
resolution as amended was adopted.





I .*



81'
Mr. Mitchell moved that the rule be waived that he may of-
fer a letter from the Commissioners from Alabama; '
Which was agreed to, and the following letter was read and
ordered to be spread upon the journal:
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., City Hotel, Jan. 19, 1874,
Messrs. MITCHELL, NEAL and MENARD, Committee:
GENTLEMEN: Inresponse to the invitation of the Assembly
of the State of Florida to address that honorable body this
evening in the hall of the House, we tender you, and through
you to the Assembly, our thanks for the honor confer-
red; but in view of the provisions of the act under which
this commission was appointed, we hope we may be pardohed
for respectfully declining the invitation for the present.
Very respectfully,
LEWIS E. PARSONS,
J. C. GOODLOE,
R. W. COBB,
Commissioners.
Mr. McKinnon offered a joint resolution relative to the ap-
pointment of a joint committee of the Senate and Assembly
relative to the annexation of West Florida;
Which was read and adopted.
On motion of Mr. McKinnon, a committee consisting of
Messrs. McKinnon, Gass and Montgomery was appointed to
convey the resolution to the Senate and request concur-
rence therein.
Mr. Ball offered the following amendment to Rule 10:
That if an amendment to any subject under consideration be
laid on the table, or postponed, such action shall not carry the
subject matter with it;
Which was adopted.
The Speaker appointed Messrs. Gleason, Gass and Speer a
committee to visit the State Prison.
Mr. Stokes offered the following resolution:
Resolved by the Assembly, That a select committee of five on
Public Roads be appointed, with instructions to inquire what
modification of existing road laws is necessary, and that said
committee have power to report by bill or otherwise;
Which was read and adopted.
Mr. Menard offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That a committee of five members be appointed to
consider that part of the Governor's message relating to the
Attorney-General;
6j





82



Which was read, and, upon the adoption of the resolution,
the yeas and nays were called for.
The vote was :
Yeas-Messrs. Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Johnson, Living-
ston, Long, Menard, Osgood, Petty, Rogers, Robinson, Rouse,
Small, Stokes, Sunday, Thompson of Columbia and Wallace-
17.
Nays-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Browne, Bry-
ant, .Gass, Gleason, Hagan, Hannah, Hardee, Hope, Llambias,
Lee of Hamilton, Lee of Sumter, McInniss, McMillan, Mitch-
ell, Neal of Jackson, Neal of Liberty, Peeler, Proctor, Speer,
Starke, Swearingen, Vann and Washington-25.
So the resolution was not adopted.
The Speaker announced the following Committee on the part of
the Assembly to confer with the Alabama Commissioners,
relative to the annexation of West Florida:
Messrs. McKinnon, Gleason and Menard.
Mr. Mitchell, from the Judiciary Committee, made the fol-
lowing report:
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: Your Committee to whom was referred Assembly bill No.
35, to be entitled an act for the Protection of the Laboring
Men of the State of Florida, have examined the same, and
report a substitute with the recommendation that the substi-
tute pass.
The Committee have also examined Assembly bill No. 34,
and recommend that it be indefinitely postponed, as the sub-
stitute for Assembly bill No. 35, reported by the Committee,
fully provides for the matter therein contained.
The Committee have also examined the act to punish per-
sons for illegal voting in this State, passed the Assembly Feb.
17, 1873, and vetoed by the Governor. The Committee recom-
mend that the Governor's veto be sustained, and report a bill
obviating the Governor's objections entitled a bill to punish
persons for illegal voting in this State and recomineud its pas-
sage.
The Committee have also examined Assembly bill No. 4,
entitled an act to authorize Henry P. Kennedy, a minor, to
assume the management of his own estate, and recommend
that it be indefinitely postponed.
H. L. MITCHELL,
E. R. CHADWICK,
W. H. GLEASON.
Which was read and the accompanying bills placed among
the orders of th e day.






83



*



Mr. Menard, from the Committee on Railroads, madethe.
following report: -
Hon. M. MARTIN,
SSpeaker of the Assembly :
SIR: Your Committee on Railroads to whom was referred
Senate bill No. 15, to authorize the Great Southern Railroad
Company to consolidate with the Great Southern Railway
Company of Georgia, beg leave to report that they have oare-
fully examined said bill and recommend the passage of tt.
same. J. W. MENARD, Chairman.
E. R. CHADWICK, ,
JNO. L. McKINNON, -:
D. MONTGOMERY,
W. F. GREEN.



Which was read and
the orders of the day.



the accompanying bill placed among



Mr. Osgood, from the Committee on City and County Or-
ganizations, made the following report:
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: Your Committee on City and County Organizations,
to whom was referred a bill to locate the County Site of Bre-
vard County to Eau Gallie, have carefully considered the same.
We find that there is a general law in the Acts of 1869, on
page 33, allowing any county, desiring to locate their County
Site, to do so by a majority of all the voters of said County,
therefore your Committee return the same and ask that it do
not pass. A. B. OSGOOD, Chairman.'
N. McMILLAN,
J. G. SPEER,
W. ROGERS.
Which was read and the accompanying bill placed among the
orders of the day.
The rule being waived, Mr. Speer offered a bill to be entitled
an act to authorize and provide for the locating or removing
the County Site or Court House of any of the Counties of this
State;
Which was read the first time and referred to the Committee
on City and County Organizations.
Under a suspension of the rule, Mr. Ball offered a Memorial
relative to the Claims of Dr. W. F. Robertson;
Which was read and referred to the Committee on Claims.
Under a suspension of the rule, Mr. Osgood offered a bill to
he entitled an act to amend Clause fourteenth of Section first,



4.



I.
I.
a.
I.





84



of an act entitled an act defining the duties of and fixing the
pay of County Commissioners, approved Feb. 16, 1872.
Which was placed among the orders of the day.
The following communication was received from the Secre-
tary of State:
To the Speaker of the Assembly of Florida:
... Sm: In response to a resolution of the Assembly, calling
.9p the Secretary of State to furnish a statement of the
number of Bonds issued, the amount thereof upon which the
seal of the State has been affixed since reconstruction, the date
of such Bond or Bonds, and for what purposes issued, to whom
delivered, and the date of delivery," I have the honor to sub-
"mit the following:
The following Bonds, issued by the Constitutional Conven-
tion of the State of Florida, under an ordinance of said Con-
6ihtion, and signed by the Governor, and attested by the Sec-
"retary of State, were delivered to Wm. H. Gleason, Financial
Agent of said Convention, as appears by his receipt:
Bonds for one hundred dollars each, from No. 1 to
95 inclusive..... ..... .. ... .......... $9,500 00
Also the following Bonds for two hundred and fifty
dollars each, from 1 to 40 inclusive.... ...... 10,000 00
Also the following Bonds for five hundred dollars
each, from 1 to 21 inclusive................. $10,500 00

Total ................... .. ............ $30,000 00
The following Bonds were issued in aid of the Jacksonville,
Pensacola & Mobile Railroad Company, and delivered to M. S.
Littlefield, President of said Road, in the month of June,1870:
4,000 Bonds for $1,000 each, dated Jan'y 1, 1870,
from No. 1 to 4,000 inclusive.............. $4,000,000 00
Of these Bonds, 224, numbered 3,777 to 4,000 inclusive, have
been returned to the State and cancelled.
From the 7th day of November, 1871, to the 6th
day of April, 1872, 3,500 7 per cent. Bonds of
the denomination of $100 each, authorized by
Act of Jan'y 6,1871, were issued and delivered
to Comptroller Gamble................... $350,000 00
": The following Bonds were issued under Act of February 21,
1873:
350 six per cent. Bonds were issued and delivered
to Comptroller Cowgill May 15, 1873, number-
ing from 1 to 300 inclusive, and from 501 to
550 inclusive........... .......... ....... $350,000 00






85 .
.I have been: unable to'find in this office any-recordvbooki
which the Bonds issued in aid of the J.- P. & M. Railroai we
recorded, although there is record evidence of their being.
issued. I am, very -respectfully,
SAM. B. McLIN,
Secretary of State' -
Which was read and ordered to be spread upon the Joirnal
and referred to the Committee on Finance and Taxation. .
The following communication was received from his ExceP
lency the Governor:
EXECUTIVE OFFICE,
Tallahassee, Fla., Jahuary 19, 1874.J
Gentlemen of the Legislature:
I have the honor to transmit herewith the report of the State
Engineer. It was received only a day or two ago; being an
interesting document I hope it will meet your careful..con--
sideration.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
OSSIAN B. HART,
Governor.
Which was read.
The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, January 19, 1874.
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: I am directed to inform you that the Senate has con-
curred in the resolution adopted by the Assembly for the ap-
pointment of a joint committee to confer with the Honorable
Commissioners of the State of Alabama, and Senators McCas-
kill and Dennis have been appointed on said Committee on the.
part of the Senate.
Very respectfully,
HUGH A. CORLEY,
Secretary Senate.
Which was read.
Under a suspension of the rule, the following bills were intro-
duced, and placed among the orders of the day:
By Mr. Hannah:
A bill to be entitled an act to amend an act to organize the
County Courts of the several counties of the State and to pre-
scribe the mode of practice of said Courts.
By Mr. Mitchell :
A bill to be entitled an act to fix the pay of the members of
the Legislature at the present session.
By Mr. Gass:





86



A bill to be entitled an act to prevent Slander and Libel.
..By Mr. Bryant:
bill'to be entitled au act to encourage the improvement of
Othe Navigable Rivers and Creeks of the State.
By Mr. Petty:
A bill to be entitled an act relating to State and County
L enses.
; Mr. Proctor gave notice that he would on some future day
introduce the following bill:
A bill to be entitled an act in relation to Minors.

ORDERS OF THE DAY.
Senate joint resolution in relation to Bush's Digest,
Was read and adopted.
Memorial of ex-Governor Harrison Reed,
*Was read and referred to the Committee on Claims.
Senate bill No. 11:
To be entitled an act making appropriations to supply defi-
ciencies in printing for the year 1872, and for the payment'of
Juror and Witness Certificates,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Printing.
Senate bill No. 10:
To be entitled an act providing a remedy in cases where
death ensues from the wrongful act of another,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
the Judiciary.
Assembly bill No. 42:
To be entitled an act linking certain Scrip receivable for
Taxes,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Finance ard Taxation.
Assembly bill No. 43:
To be entitled an act in reference to the sale of Seed
Cotton,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Agriculture.
On motion of Mr. Montgomery, the Assembly adjourned
until to-morrow morning, 10 o'clock.



I






87 '


TUESDAY,' January 20, 1874. .
The roll being called, the following members answered ""
their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Ball, Brinson, Browne, Bryant, Chad-
wick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Han-
nah, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee'of Sum-
ter, Livingston, McInniss, McMillan, Mitchell, Nell of Jack-
son, Peeler, Petty, Rogers, Robinson, Rouse, Small, Speer,.
Starke, Stokes, Sunday, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of
Jefferson, Vann, Wallace and Washington-37.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
On motion of Mr. McInniss, the reading of yesterday's jour-
nal was dispensed with, and the journal corrected and ap-
proved.
On motion, the unfinished orders of the day on yesterday
were made the first business of this morning.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
Assembly bill No. 45;
To be entitled an- act to prevent Slander and Libel,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
Assembly bill No. 46:
To be entitled an act to fix the pay of the'members of the
Legislature at the present session,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Finance and Taxation.
Assembly bill No. 39 :
To be entitled an act to amend an act entitled an act to or-
ganize the County Courts of the several counties in this State,
and to prescribe the mode of Practice of said Courts,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
Assembly bill No. 40:
To be entitled an act to encourage the Improvementof the
navigable Rivers and Creeks of this State,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Commerce and Navigation.
Assembly bill No. 41:
To be entitled an act relating to State and County Licenses,
Was read the first time and referred to the Committee on
Finance and Taxation.
Assembly bill No. 38:
To be entitled an act to amend clause fourteenth, of section





88

first of an act entitled an act defining the Duties and fixing the
Pay of County Commissioners, approved February 16, 1872,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee.
Assembly joint resolution to the Congress of the United
States relative to a Mail Route from Cedar Keys to Lake
Pannsoffka,
Was read and adopted.
Assembly joint resolution relative to an appropriation by
Congress to build a Custom House at Cedar Keys, and Marine
Hospital at Sea Horse Key,
Was read and adopted.
Substitute for Assembly bill No. 35:
To be entitled an act for the Protection of the Laboring Men
of the State of Florida,
Was read and adopted in lieu of the original bill and ordered
to be engrossed for a third reading on to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 14:
To be entitled an act to locate the County Site of Brevard
County,
Was read the second time and ordered to be engrossed for
a third reading on to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 4:
To be entitled an act relative to Henry P. Kennedy, amminor,
Was read the second time.
On motion of Mr. Mitchell, said bill was indefinitely post-
poned.
Assembly bill No. -:
To be entitled an act to punish persons for Illegal Voting
in this State,
Was read the first time and ordered for a second reading on
to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 26:
To be entitled an act relative to the legal sale days in this
State,
Was read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson, Bryant,
Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Han-
nah Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee
of Summer, Livingston, Long, McInniss, McMillan, McKinnon,
Menard, Mitchell, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Osgood,
Peeler, Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Roberts, Robinson, Rouse,
Small, Speer, Starke, Stokes, Sunday,.Swearingen, Thomp-
son of .Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace and
Washington-46.
Nays-None.






89 ''
So the bill passed-title aS- stated. .' '
Ordered that the same be certified to th Senite.
Senate bill No. 15:
To be entitled an act to authorize the Great Southern IIl,'
road Company to consolidate with the Great Southern Rail-
way Company of Georgia,
Was read the second time.
On motion of Mr. Menard, the rule was waived and the
bill read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was :
Yeas-Messrs. Ball, Brinson, Browne, Bryant, Chadwick,
Coleman, Cruse, Green, Hagan, Hannah, Hope, Llambias,
Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, McMillan, Me-
nard, Mitchell, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Osgood, Peeler,
Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Roberts, Robinson, Rouse, Small,
Speer, Starke, Stokes, Sunday, Swearingen, Thompson. of
Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace and Wash-
ington-40.
Nays-None.
So the bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Assembly bill No. 32:
To be entitled an act to authorize married women to convey
their interest in real estate by attorney,
Was read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was :
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson, Browne,
Bryant, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Green, Hagan, Han-
kins, Hannah, Hardee, Hope, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee
of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McInniss, McMillan, Menard,
Mitchell, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Osgood, Peeler,
Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Roberts, Robinson, Rouse, Small,
Speer, Starke, Stokes, Sunday, Swearingen, Thompson of
Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace and Wash-
ington-45.
Nays-None.
So the bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Assembly bill No. 13:
To be entitled an act to amend section three, chapter eight
of an act to be entitled an act to provide for the punishment
of Crime and proceedings in Criminal Cases, approved August
6, 1868,
Was read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was :
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson, Browne,
Bryant, Coleman, Gass, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Har-





90



dee, Hope, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee of Sumter, Liv-
ingston, McMillan, Mitchell, Osgood, Peeler, Petty, Proctor,
Rogers, Roberts, Robinson, Rouse, Small, Speer, Starke,
Stokes, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Vann,
WAllace and Washington-36.
Nays-Messrs. Chadwick, Cruse, Montgomery, Neal of Jack-
son and Swearingen-5.
So the bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Senate bill No. 9:
To be entitled an act for the protection of the people of this
State from Illegal Costs and Charges,
Was read the third time and put upon its passage.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Johnson,
Ll'ambias, Long, McInniss, Menard, Osgood, Proctor, Robin-
son, Rouse, Small, Stokes, Sunday, Thompson of Columbia,
Wallace and Washington-19.
Nays-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Browne, Bry-
ant, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hope, Lee of Hamilton,
Lee of Sumter, Livingston, McMillan, McKinnon, Mitchell,
Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Peeler, Rogers, Roberts, Speer,
Starke, Swearingen and Vann-24.
So the bill did not pass.
On motion, Mr. Neal of Liberty was excused from atttend-
ance on the Assembly for ten days. &
Mr. Llambias offered the following resolution :
Resolved, That one hundred additional copies.of the Assem-
bly Journal be printed for the use of the Assembly.
Mr. Montgomery moved to strike out one and insert two;
Which was not agreed to.
Mr. Ball moved to strike out one hundred and insert fifty;
Which was not agreed to.
Mr. Osgood moved to lay the entire matter upon'the table;
Which was not agreed to.
Mr. Montgomery moved to indefinitely postpone the whole
matter ;
Which was not agreed to.
Mr. Montgomery moved to postpone the resolution until to-
morrow morning, ten o'clock.
Mr. McInniss moved to lay the motion on the table;
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Mitchell moved the adoption of the resolution;
Upon which the yeas and nays were called for.
The vote was :
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Hagan, Hankins, Hardee,
Hope, Llambias, McInniss, Menard, Mitchell, Peeler, Petty,






. 91



U



I.



a



Proctor, Rouse, Speer, Starke, Stokes, Sunday, Thompson of'.
Columbia, Vann, Wallace and Washington--21. :
. -Nays-Messrs. Ball, Brinson, Browne, Bryant, Chadwick,
Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Gleason, Green, Hannah, Johason,. Lee
of Hamilton, Lee of Sumter, Livingston, Long, McMillan, Mc-
]Einnon, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Osgood, Rogers, Rob-
erts, Robinson, Small, Swearingen and Thompson of Jeffer-
son-26.
So the resolution was not adopted.
The following.message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, January 20, 1874.
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: I am directed to inform you that the Senate has this
day passed-
Senate concurrent resolution for the appointment of a joint.
committee to visit the Penitentiary and investigate respecting
the practicability of converting the unoccupied buildings
thereof into a Lunatic Asylum.
Very respectfully,
HUGH A. CORLEY,
Secretary Senate.

Which was read, and the accompanying Senate joint resolu-
tion placed among the orders of the day.
Mr. Llambias moved that an equal division of the Assembly
journals be made every morning;
Which was agreed to.
Under a unanimous suspension of the rule, Mr. Washington
offered the following resolution :
Resolved, That the question of the annexation of West
Florida to Alabama be and the same is hereby indefinitely
postponed, the same being in direct violation of the Constitu-
tion of the United States--Section 10, Article 1, reading as
follows: No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance or
confederation, grant letters of marque and reprisal, coin money,
emit bills of credit, make anything but gold and silver coni a
tender in payment of debts, pass any bill of attainder, ex post
facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or
grant any title of nobility;
Which was read.
The Assembly refused to adopt the resolution:
Under a unanimous suspension of the rule, Mr. Swearingen
offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That Rev. J. L. Lyons, Agent of the American
Bible Society, and returned Missionary from Syria, have per-



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92



mission to occupy this Hall for giving a free lecture on Jeru-
salem, on Wednesday evening next, at 7' o'clock;
Which was read and adopted.
Senate concurrent resolution for the appointment of a joint
select committee to visit the Penitentiary, and investigate
respecting the practicability of converting the unoccupied
buildings into a Lunatic Asylum,
Was read and adopted.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Mr. Llambias offered the following:
B4solved, That the Judiciary Committee be instructed to
prepare a Law for the Protection of Game;
Which was read and adopted.
Mr.. Mitchell, from the Judiciary Committee, made the fol-
lowing report:
Hon.' M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: Your Committee on Judiciary, to whom was referred
Assembly bill No. 29, entitled an act to restore Convicts of
certain crimes to Civil Rights under the law, have carefully
exAmined the same, and are of the opinion that the bill should
not pass, because the pardoning board is amply clothed withl
power to relieve all meritorious cases. But if there are still
cases where the civil rights of persons should be restored,
your Committee see no reason why all the convicts enumerated'
in said bill should be restored to Civil Rights.
.The Committee have examined Assembly bill No. 2T, and
recommend that it do not pass, there being no legislation on
the subject necessary.
H. L. MITCHELL,
E. R CHADWICK,
JNO. L. McKINNON,
Judiciary Committee.
Which was read.
Mr. Wallace made the following minority report:
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SSr: Your Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was refer-
ed Assembly bill No. 29, entitled an act to restore Convicts of
of certain Crimes to Civil Rights under the law, have carefully
examined the same, and recommend its passage.
JOHN WALLACE.
Which was read.
Mr. Wallace was allowed to withdraw the minority report.





i I

93

Mr. Mitchell moved the adoption of the majority report,
and called for the previous question; which was seconded, aid"
the main question ordered by the following vote: .. .
Yeas-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Brinson, Browne,-
Bryant, Chadwick, Gleason, Green, Hagan, Ha ikins, Hi Bh,
Hardee, Hope, Johnson, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee of
Sumter, LivingtQn, McMillan, McKinnon, Mitchell, Montgom-
ery, Neal of Jackson, Peeler, Rogers, Roberts, Speer, Stare,
Swearingen and Vann-30.
Nays-Messrs. Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Long, McInniss,
Menard, Osgood, Petty, Proctor, Robinson, Rouse, Small,
Stokes, Sunday, Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jeffer-
son, Wallace and Washington-18.
The yeas and nays were called for upon the adoption of the
majority report.
The vote was:
Yeas-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson,
Browne, Bryant, Chadwick, Gleason, Green, Hagan, Hankins1
Hannah, Hardee, Hope, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee of
Sumter, McInniss, McMillan, McKinnon, Mitchell, Peeler,
Rogers, Roberts, Speer, Starke, Swearingen and Vann-2S'.
Nays-Messrs. Ball, Coleman, Cruse, Gass, Johnson, Living-
ston, Long, Menard, Montgomery, Neal of Jackson, Osgood,
Petty, Proctor, Robinson, Rouse, Small, Stokes, Sunday,
Thompson of Columbia, Thompson of Jefferson, Wallace and
Washington-22.
So the report was adopted, and the bill placed among the
orders of the day.
Mr. Chadwick, from the Committee on Finance and Taxa-
tion, made the following report:
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: Your Committee to who was referred Assembly bill
No. 9, entitled a bill for the protection of timber, have con-
sidered the same and recommend that it do not pass.
The Committee have also examined Assembly bill No. 28,
entitled an act relating to Insurance Companies in the State
of Florida, and recommend that it do not pass.
E. R. CHADWICK,
J. G. SPEER,
LEROY D. BALL,
A. B. OSGOOD.
Which was read and the accompanying bill placed among
the orders of the day.





94



Mr. Roberts, from the Committee on Agriculture, made the
following report:
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SSIR: The Committee on Agriculture beg leave to report
that they have examined Assembly bill No. 25, to be entitled
an act for the encouragement of Immigration to this State,
and to encourage the planting and raising of Tropical Fruits,
and recommend its passage.
Very respectfully submitted,
STEPHEN ROBERTS, Chm'n.
E. VANN,
CHARLES THOMPSON,
SAMUEL SMALL.
Committee on Agriculture.
Which was read, and the accompanying bill placed among
the orders of the day.
Mr. Hagan presented a memorial to the Commissioners of
"the General Land Office ;
Which was read and unanimously adopted.
Under a suspension of the rule, the following bills were in-
Stroduced, and, on motion of Mr. Mitchell, read by their titles
and referred to the appropriate committees:
By Mr. Speer:
Assembly bill No. 51:
To be entitled an act defining the time of holding the Cir-
Courts for the Seventh Judicial District in this State,
Was referred to the Committee on Judiciary.
By Mr. Chadwick:
SAssembly bill No. 50 :
To be entitled an act to amend an act entitled an act to-es-
tablish a Uniform System of Common Schools and University;
Was referred to the Committee on Education.
By Mr. Proctor:
Assembly bill No. 48:
To be entitled an act for the relief of W. T. Cogswell,
Was referred to the Committee on'Claims.
SBy Mr. Chadwick :
Assembly bill No. 49:
To be entitled an act defining the Jurisdiction of the Oir-
cuit and County Courts under an act entitled an act to prevent
and punish Trespass upon the Public Lands of the State, ap-
proved January 12, 1866,
Was referred to the Committee on Judiciary.
Assembly bill No. 9:
To be entitled an act for the Protection of Timber,





9 / 5
9 5 ..

Was read the second time, and, on motion 'of Mr. Osgood,
indefinitely postponed.
Assembly bill No. 28:
To be entitled an act relating to Insurance Companies in the
State of Florida,
Was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr. Menard,
made the special order for to-morrow, one o'clock p. m.
Assembly bill No. 25:
To be entitled an act for the encouragement of Immigration
to this State, and to encourage the planting and raising of
Tropical Fruits,
Was read the second time.
Mr. Montgomery moved the indefinite postponement of the
bill ;
Pending which, on motion of Mr. Ball, the Assembly ad-
journed until to-morrow morning, ten o'clock.



0O
~----0----o----



WEDNESDAY, January 21, 1874.

The Assembly met pursuant to adjournment.
The roll being called, the following members answered to
their names:
Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Ball, Browne,
Chadwick, Gass, Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hope,
Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, Lee of Sumter, Long, McMillan,
McKinnon, Mitchell, Neal of Jackson, Osgood, Peeler, Petty,
Proctor, Rogers, Roberts, Robinson, Rouse, Small, Speer,
Starke, Sunday, Swearingen, Thompson of Columbia, Thomp-
son of Jefferson, Vann, Wallace and Washington-37.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
On motion of Mr. Petty, the reading of yesterday's journal
was dispensed with, the journal corrected and approved.
Mr. McMillan presented a memorial to the U. S. Congress
for the establishment of a Mail Route;
Which was read.
On motion of Mr. Osgood, the memorial was referred to the
Committee on Mail Routes.
Mr. Atkins of Franklin offered the following joint reso-
lution :





96



JOINT RESOLUTION
Of the General Assembly of Florida in regard to the Centen-
pial Exhibition to be held in the City of Philadelphia in
the year 1876.
Resolved by the Senate, the Assembly concurring, WHEREAS,
The Congress of the United States by an act approved March
' 8d! 1811, has provided for celebrating the One Hundredth An-
niversary of American Independence, by an International Ex-
hibition of American and foreign arts, products and manufac-
tures, to be held under the uspices of the United States in the
"city of Philadelphia, commencing in April of the year 1876;
"AND WHEREAS, The mode adopted by Congress as above
recited, by exhibiting to mankind the wonderful results of a
eeatury's growth of the nation, will most strikingly demon-
strate the wisdom of our ancestors in risking their all for the
attainment of self-government :
Resolved, That the principles enunciated, and successfully
vindicated at the cannon's mouth by our fore-fathers in 1776
are incontrovertible, and eternal in their truth and essence.
and the people of Florida to-day are still animated by the
same spirit and love of liberty, will devote ourselves to this
actual work of true and real reconstruction of the whole
nation.
Resolved, That our Senators and Representatives in Con-
gress are hereby requested to consider favorably all measures
of national legislation necessary to make the exhibition worthy
of the occasion, and a credit to the American people.
Resolved, That the Secretary of State be, and he is hereby
instructed to forward a certified copy of the above and forego-
ing resolutions to our Senators and Representatives in Con-
gress, with the least avoidable delay.
Which was read and adopted.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
"The following message was received from the Senate:

SENATE CHAMBER, January 21, 1874.
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SiR: I am directed to inform you that the Senate has this
day indefinitely postponed the following bills:
Assembly bill No. 2:
"To be entitled an act to make Choses in Action subject to
Homestead Exemptions of Personal Property ; also
Assembly bill No. 15:






97



To be entitled an act making certified copies of mortgages
and deeds receivable for record and evidence in court.
Very respectfully,
HUGH A. CORLEY,
Secretary Senate.
Which was read.
Mr. Browne, from the Committee on Engrossed Bills, made
the following report:
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: The Committee on Engrossed Bills would beg leave to
report that they have examined the following bills and fnd
them to be correctly engrossed:
Assembly bill No. 14, to be entitled an act to locate the
County Site of Brevard county;
Assembly bill No. 35 to be entitled an act for the protection
of the Laboring men of the State of Florida.
Very respectfully,
J. B. BROWNE, Chairman.
W. W. HANKINS,
JNO. L. McKINNON.
GEO. WASHINGTON,
W. R. LONG.
Committee on Engrossed Bills.
Which was read, and the accompanying bills placed among
the orders of the day.
Mr. Mitchell, from the Committee on Judiciary, made the
following report:
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the Assembly :
SIR: Your Committee on Judiciary to whom was referred
Assembly bill No. 45, entitled an act to prevent Slander and
Libel, have examined the same and beg leave to report that
the provisions of said bill are too sweeping, and do not even
provide that the truth of the alleged slander ot libel may be
given in evidence, for which reasons your Committee recom-
mend that the bill do not pass.
Assembly bill No 49 your Committee have examined, and
being of the opinion that the provisions of the bill are in con-
flict with the Constitution, recommend that it do not pass.
Assembly bill No. 51 has been examined and the passage of
the same is recommended.
H. L. MITCHELL, Chairman.
Which was read, and the accompanying bills placed among
the orders of the day.
7j





98



Mr. McMillan was allowed to introduce the following bill :
A bill to be entitled an act to enable the jurors of the Coun-
ty Courts to present Criminal Offences;
Which was received and placed among the orders of the
day.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
Assembly bill No. -,
To be entitled an act to enable the Jurors of the County
Courts to present Criminal Offences,
Was read the first time and referred to the Judiciary Com-
mittee,
Assembly bill No. 49:
To be entitled an act defining the Jurisdiction of the Circuit
and County Courts under an act entitled an act to Prevent and
Punish Trespass upon the Public Lands of the State, approved
January 12, 1866,
Was read the second time.
Mr. Mitchell moved the indefinite postponement of the bill;
Which was not agreed to.
On motion, the bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading on to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 45:
To be entitled an act to prevent Slander and Libel,
Was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr. Gass, re-
committed to the Judiciary Committee.
Under a unanimous suspension of the rule, Mr. Browne of-
fered the following resolution:
Resolved, That General John Tyler, Jr., have permission to
occupy this Hall on Friday evening next, at 7T o'clock, for the
purpose of giving a lecture on the Course of Commerce, as in-
troductory to the treatment of the Two Civilizations that.lately
obtained within the United States, emanating from the settle-
ments. at Jamestown, in Virginia, in 1607, and from Ply-
mouth Rock, in Massachusetts, in 1620 ;
Which was read and adopted.
Mr. Mitchell asked to be excused from serving any longer as
a member of the Judiciary Committee.
SThe Assembly refused to grant the request.
Assembly-bill No. 27 :
To be entitled an act more particularly Defining the Duties
of the Board of County Commissioners,
Was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr. Wallace.
indefinitely postponed.
Assembly bill No. 51:
To be entitled an act defining the time for holding the Cir-






99 "

cuit Courts within and for tiI Seventh ^Ji i i*o.
State," ." "
Was read the second tim, ahndorderid to be engrosse, f..
Third reading on to-morrow. .
SAssembly. bill No. 19: .' '. -,
To be entitled an act for the relief of JObn W; Bryanf .
Enoch E. Mizell, : 1
Was read the secorid time, and ordered t.'o' be i ossd a
third reading on. to-miorow. '
Assembly. bill No. 29: :". "
To be entitled an act to restore Convicts of .Certain Cfimes
"to Civil Rights under the law, .
Was read the second time.
":. Mr. Ball moved to amend by inserting, murder, rap a.d
arson.
Mr. Gleason offered as a substitute for the amendment ,he
following :
Any person convicted of a felony in any court of this'State,
and not sentenced to the State Prison, and has'served outLis
'time of sentence in jail, and paid the fine imposed b fj
court, or has been pardoned by the Pardoning Board, or Whb
may hereafter be pardoned by said board, is hereby restored
to the full rights of citizenship, the same .as if no conviction
had taken place.
Mr. McKinnon moved to amend the substitute offered )y
Mr. Gleason by striking out the word or" and, inserti
"4 and before the word pardoned;"
"Which, on motion of Mr. Petty, was laid on.the table by the
following vote:
Yeas-Messrs. Ball, Browne, Chadwick, Coleman, Crase,
Gass, Gleason, Hannah, Hardee, Johnson, Lee of Sumter, Li,-
. ingston, Long, McInniss, Menard, Montgomery, Neal of Jack-
son, Osgood, Petty, Proctor, Rogers, Roberts, Robinson,
Rouse, Small, Stokes, Sunday, Thompson of Columbia, Thomp-
son of Jefferson, Wallace and Washington-31. .
"Nays-Messrs. Atkins of Franklin, Brinson, Bryant, GIree
Hagan, Hankins, Hope, Llambias, Lee of Hamilton, McMillqn,
McKinnon, Mitchell, Peeler, Speer, Starke, Swearingen and
Vann-1-7.
Mr. Mitchell called for the previous question; which was
seconded.
Upon the question, Shall the main question be now put ?"
,the yeas and nays were called for. ,.
The vote was:
Yeas-Messrs. Brinson, Browne, Bryant, Gassi Gle.aon,
Green, Hagan, Hankins, Hannah, Hope, Lee of Hamilton*Lee





100



of Sumter, McMillan, McKinnon, Mitchell, Peeler, Rogers,
Roberts, Speer, Starke, Vann and Weeks-21.
Nays-Messrs. Ball, Chadwick, Coleman, Cruse, Johnson,
Livingston, Long, McInniss, Menard, Montgomery, Neal of
Jackson, Osgood, Petty, Proctor, Robinson, Rouse, Small,
Stokes, Sunday, Swearingen, Thompson of Columbia, Thomp-
son of Jefferson, Wallace and Washington-24.
So the main question was not ordered.
A motion to adopt Mr. Gleason's substitute was lost.
Mr. Long moved the adoption of Mr. Ball's amendment;
Pending which, on motion of Mr. Montgomery, the amend-
ment and bill were recommitted to the Judiciary Committee.
Assembly bill No. 28 :
To be entitled an act in relation to Insurance Companies in
the State of Florida, made the special order for one o'clock to-
day,
Was taken up and read the second time.
Mr. Gleason offered the following bill as a substitute:
A bill to be entitled an act to repeal an act to provide for
the Protection of the Citizens of this State against Defaulting
Foreign Corporations;
Which was read and adopted, and the same ordered to be
engrossed for a third reading on to-morrow.
Assembly bill No. 25:
To be entitled an act for the encouragement of Immigration
to this State, and to encourage the Planting and Raising of
Tropical Fruits,
Was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr. Montgon-.
ery, indefinitely postponed.
Assembly bill No. 47.:
To be'entitled an act to punish pesons for Illegal Voting in
this State, "
Was read the second time, and ordered 1o be engrossed for
a third reading on to-morrow.
,Mr. Johnson, from the Committee on Enrolled Bills, mage
the following report: ...
Hon. M. MARTIN,
Speaker of the .Assembly :
SIB: Your committee, to whom was referred the following
memorials, have the honor to report that they have carefully
examined the same, and find them correctly enrolled viz.:
Memorial for the establishment- of a Mail Route from Mon-
ticello, Florida, to Perry Court-house, in Taylor County,
Florida;
Memorial to, the Congress of the United States asking for
the Extension of Time for Settlers under the Homestead Act
to make their final proof;
L





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