Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Editor's page
 De Soto expedition/first Spanish...
 Historic preservation in Virginia...

Group Title: Florida anthropologist
Title: The Florida anthropologist
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027829/00034
 Material Information
Title: The Florida anthropologist
Abbreviated Title: Fla. anthropol.
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Anthropological Society
Conference on Historic Site Archaeology
Publisher: Florida Anthropological Society.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Frequency: quarterly[]
two no. a year[ former 1948-]
Subject: Indians of North America -- Antiquities -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Antiquities -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Summary: Contains papers of the Annual Conference on Historic Site Archeology.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- May 1948-
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027829
Volume ID: VID00034
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569447
lccn - 56028409
issn - 0015-3893

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 283
    Editor's page
        Page 284
        Page 285
        Page 286
        Page 287
    De Soto expedition/first Spanish period issue - Call for papers and funding assistance
        Page 288 (MULTIPLE)
    Historic preservation in Virginia - Remarks of the honorable Gerald L. Baliles, governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia
        Page 289
        Page 290
        Page 291
Full Text


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Contact the Florida Anthropological Society for additional
information and permissions.


Volume 41 Number 3
September 1988



THE FLORIDA ANTHROPOLOGIST is published quarterly by the Florida Anthropological
Society, Inc., P.O. Box 1013, Tallahassee, Florida 32302. Subscription is by
membership in the Society for individuals, families and institutions interested
in the aims of the Society. Annual dues are $12 (Individual), $18 (Family), $15
(Institutional), $25 (Sustaining), $100 (Patron) and $150 (Life). Foreign sub-
scriptions are an additional $5 U.S. currency to cover added postage costs for
individual, family or institutional membership categories. Requests for infor-
mation on the Society and membership application forms, as well as notifi-
cations of changes of address, should be addressed to the Membership Secretary.
Donations should be sent to the Treasurer. Requests for copies of the Editorial
Policy and Style Guide (re: FA 37(1)), orders for back issues, submissions of
manuscripts for publication and notices of non-receipt or damaged issues should
be sent to the Editor. Newsletter items should be sent sent to the President.
Address changes should be made AT LEAST 30 days prior to the mailing of the next
issue. The Post Office will not forward bulk rate mail.


Harold D. Cardwell, Sr.
1343 Woodbine, Street
Daytona Beach, FL 32014

Chris Newman
Historic St. Augustine
Preservation Board
P.O. Box 1987
St. Augustine, FL 32084

(Three Years):
Robert Austin
P.O. Box 919
St. Petersburg, FL

Elizabeth Horvath
P.O. Box 290876
Temple Terrace, FL 33687

Joan Deming
308 6th St. NE
Largo, FL 34640

Jeffrey Mitchem
Florida State Museum
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611

AGENT: Wallace Spears
422 Brentwood Drive
Daytona Beach, FL 32017


(Two Years):
Donna Ruhl
Dept. of Anthropology
Florida State Museum
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611

(One Year):
Ralph Gozlin
7347 Hennessey Road
Jacksonville, FL


Louis D. Tesar
P.O. Box 1013
Tallahassee, FL

Joan Deming George Luer Gandy Printers, Inc.
308 6th St. NE 3222 Old Oak Drive 1800 S Monroe St.
Largo, FL 34640 Sarasota, FL 34239 Tallahassee, FL


James J. Miller
Div. of Historical Resources
Department of State
The Capitol
Tallahassee, FL 32399-0250

John W. Griffin
Route 5 Box 19
St. Augustine, FL 32084

William H. Marquardt
Florida State Museum
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611

Glen Doran
Dept. of Anthropology
G-24 Bellamy
Florida State University
Tallahassee, FL 32306

Morgan H. Crook
Dept. of Anthropology
Georgia State University
Atlanta, GA 30303

NOTE: In addition to the above Editorial Board members, the review comments of
others knowledgable in a manuscripts subject matter are solicited as part of
our peer review process.



Volume 41 Number 3 September 1988

Editor's Page . . . . .. . 284
De Soto Expedition/First Spanish Period Issue: Call for
Papers and Funding Assistance . . ... 288
De Soto Commemorative Stamp Effort . . .... 288
Historic Preservation in Virginia Remarks of the Honorable
Gerald L. Baliles, Governor of The Commonwealth of Virginia 289
Archaeological Dig Experiment Report by Tori Dean Chambers 295
Editor's Comments on Archaeological Dig Experiment Report .303
Could Prehistoric Indians Have Used Gar Oil As An Insect
Repellent? by Lynn McKee and her 4th grade class . 306
One Small Site by Frank Howard and Susan Sapronetti ... 307
Shell Celt Morphology and Reduction: An Analogy to Lithic
Research by Marilyn A. Masson . . .... 313
The Taylor's Head Site (8BD74): Sampling a Prehistoric
Midden on an Everglades Tree Island by Marilyn A. Masson,
Robert S. Carr and Debra S. Goldman . . .... 336
Apalachee Settlement Distribution: The View from the Florida
Master Site File by Marion F. Smith, Jr. and John F.
Scarry . . . . .. . ... 351
Radiometric Chronology of the Archaic Windover Archaeological
Site (8BR246) by Glen H. Doran and David N. Dickel 365
Piston Corers: Equipment, Technique, and Application to
Archaeology by Barbara A. Purdy . . .... 381
Stone Age Spear and Arrow Points of the Midcontinental and
Eastern United States: A Modern Survey Reference (1987)
by Noel D. Justice. Reviewed by Michael Wisenbaker . 393
Treasures of the Chipola River Valley (1987) by H. L. Chason.
Reviewed by Louis D. Tesar . . . .... 396
Creeks and Seminoles (1987) by Leitch Wright, Jr. Reviewed
by Brent R. Weisman. . . . .. . 397
Apalachee: The Land between the Rivers (1988) by John H. Hann
Reviewed by Louis D. Tesar . . . .. 399
Current Research. .. . . . . .402
Comments . . . . .. . . 402
FAS Brochure: Offenses Concerning Dead Bodies and Graves 402
The Dreamer and the de Soto Site by B. Calvin Jones . 402
FAS Duos :nrreT.> .;. .-e .......... 404




In Volume 41 Number 1, we pub-
lished a 204 page, special 40th
anniversary issue. That issue was
followed by one jointly published
with the Florida Journal of
Anthropology, which was guest
edited by Claudine Payne. Through
a misunderstanding, or perhaps to
avoid confusion, that issue was
serially numbered from 1-78,
rather than continuing our number-
ing sequence from 205-282. How-
ever, I have begun this issue with
page number 283 to reinstate our
numbering system.
As many of you know, the
Florida Anthropological Society
was founded in 1947 by a small
group who saw a need for an orga-
nization dedicated to the advance-
ment of anthropological and ar-
chaeological matters in Florida
and nearby areas. By the end of
August, 1947, the Society's first
Newsletter was published, and by
May, 1948, when the first issue of
The Florida Anthropologist (Volume
1, Numbers 1-2) was published, the
Society had grown to over 70 mem-
bers, representing every major
section of the state. It has
since grown to many times that
number, with individual, family
and institutional members and sub-
scribers in nearly every state and
Canada, as well as international
distribution, primarily through
the University of Florida, Gift
and Exchange Library.
Our purpose is educational.
While our focus remains primarily
archaeological/anthropological for
Florida and nearby areas, it has
been broadened over the years to
include a broad range of historic
preservation issues covering the
entire Southeastern United Stated
and surrounding areas. Likewise,
our contributors represent a wide
range of experiences and profes-

sions; although, those with an av-
ocational and professional inter-
est in archaeology/anthropology
and history dominate. This issue
is no exception.
Our opening presentation is by
the Honorable Gerald L. Baliles,
Governor of The Commonwealth of
Virginia. He has been kind enough
to permit the publication of his
remarks at the opening session of
the annual conference of the
Southeast Region State Historic
Preservation Officers, which met
in Richmond, Virginia on July 13-
15, 1988. He also provided a copy
of his earlier July 21, 1987, re-
marks to the opening session of
the "Governor's Commission to
Study Historic Preservation" in
Virginia. Together, they reflect
Virginia's commitment to historic
preservation in balance with other
concerns. They also reflect the
growing awareness of public offi-
cials of the importance of pre-
serving historic resources for
both their economic and social
From the remarks of a political
leader shaping the future of our
states' and Nation's prehistoric
and historic heritage today, we
turn to those whose interests to-
day will affect historic preserva-
tion decisions in the future. The
"Archaeological Dig Experiment Re-
port" prepared by Tori Dean Cham-
bers as a sixth grade science stu-
dent is one such example. It is
an edited version of the larger
report which she submitted with
her entry in the State Science and
Engineering Fair. At the same
time that Ms. Dean entered her
project exhibit and report in Mar-
ion County, Florida, Lynn McKee's
fourth grade class entered their
project in the Broward County
Science Fair. Ms. McKee's summary


Vol. 41 No. 3

Sept., 1988

of that entry, "Could Prehistoric
Indians Have Used Gar Oil As An
Insect Repellent?," follows Tori's
report. I am sure that both are
but examples of the many educa-
tional benefits resulting from the
inclusion of the study of our pre-
historic and historic heritage in
our school system.
To quote from Christopher
Goodwin, whose article "Louisiana
Is Looking Forward To Its Past"
(1987) appeared in Volume 40 Num-
ber 4 of the The Florida Anthro-

"The historic districts of our
towns and cities, and their old
buildings; our historic state
parks, like the Port Hudson bat-
tlefields; our state archaeologi-
cal commemorative areas, like
Poverty Point and Marksville, to-
gether comprise our most available
classroom. They are, perhaps,
Louisiana's premier educational
resource. That is so because they
are not sterile laboratories or
boring textbooks. The memories of
our forbearers, their victories,
their spirit and dedication, live
on at these sites. Finally, his-
torical resources make young peo-
ple want to learn. Kids think
they're "neat," or "cool," or
"bad." They make them care about
Louisiana and our Nation.
"Historical resources have that
effect because they make children
feel a part of something larger
then themselves; they become a
part of their history. Preserva-
tion, then, provides kids with an
identity. A sense of identity
with something larger is critical
to the educational process, espe-
cially among the disenfranchised
of our inner cities, among the
poor and the housing project
dwellers. I am reminded of a pro-
gram begun a number of years ago
in the inner city schools of Wash-
ington, D.C. Beginning in the
preschool, head start classes, the
kids were taught to think: "I am
somebody." But before the chil-

dren can believe that they are a
part of the future, they must feel
that they come from somewhere.
They have to believe in themselves
to accomplish the future.
"Preservation is for our chil-
dren. But in order to make it so,
we need to develop our educational
program to use the resources we
already have, to reach out and
nurture those who need it most.
The Louisiana Division of Archeol-
ogy's outreach program, with its
teachers' manuals, is a step in
the right direction. However, it
needs to target first those who
need it most. It needs more
money. And, the Office of His-
toric Preservation, and our
preservation groups need to begin
to emphasize education more seri-
ously. State Parks can help
greatly, as can the Louisiana
State Museum. Again, however, all
of these offices and agencies need
greater funding for education, as
well as all the volunteer support
they can get." (Goodwin 1987:254-

Chris' words also speak to
Florida and other states. To this
end the Florida Anthropological
Society encourages students to
prepare archaeology/anthropology
or other historic preservation
projects for submission in the an-
nual State Science and Engineering
Fair conducted under the auspices
of the Florida Foundation for
Future Scientists. Our chapters
around the state and prepared to
work with students and their
teachers to assist such projects.
As an adjunct to that program we
are also starting our own modest
scholarship program, of which more
will be published in a later issue
of the journal.
The next article in this issue,
"One Small Site" by Frank Howard
and Susan Sapronetti, is an exam-
ple of the contributions which a
concerned public can make. The
bullwork of the Florida Anthropo-
logical Society, as well as

Florida's and other states' his-
toric preservation programs, is
its avocational archaeologists and
other concerned citizens. Mr.
Howard (a high school natural sci-
ences teacher) and his daughter
Susan discovered an archaeological
site in Wakulla County, Florida.
The site had been previously dam-
aged by dredge-and-fill activities
when road, ditch and canal con-
struction occurred. When they re-
ported their find to the state to
see if anything could be done,
they interpreted a "lack of juris-
diction" response to mean a lack
of interest. Nevertheless, over a
three-year period, they continued
to observe and collect eroding ar-
tifacts in the canal and ditch
banks, and made a record of their
observations. The result is the
report published in this issue.
It was submitted for publication
at the suggestion of Dr. Rochelle
Marrinan of the Department of An-
thropology, Florida State Univer-
sity, and Dr. Gary Shapiro, Direc-
tor of Archaeology at Florida's
San Luis Archaeological and His-
torical Site until his recent un-
timely death from Leukemia.
In a similar vein, "Treasures
of the Chipola River Valley"
(1987) by H.L. Chason, which is
reviewed in this issue, also pro-
vides an example of the contribu-
tions of our avocational archaeol-
ogists. Mr. Chason views himself
more as an artifacts collector
than an amateur archaeologist.
Whether one considers him to be an
amateur archaeologist or an avid
artifact collector, the fact is
that his artifact collection, as
depicted in the many photographs
in this publication, represents an
important source of information
for those who plan to study this,
as yet, poorly researched area of
Turning next to students study-
ing to become professional archae-
ologists/anthropologists, we come
to Marilyn A. Masson's "Shell Celt
Morphology and Reduction: An Anal-

ogy to Lithic Research." Ms.
Masson, who is working on her Mas-
ter's degree at the Department of
Anthropology, Florida State Uni-
versity, has written an excellent
research paper based on the study
of artifacts from two Dade County,
Florida sites.
In "The Taylor's Head Site
(8BD74): Sampling A Prehistoric
Midden on an Everglades Tree
Island," Marilyn A. Masson joins
Robert S. Carr (Dade County
Archaeologist) and Debra S.
Goldman in reporting on an Archae-
ological and Historical Conser-
vancy project, which resulted in
an archaeological park. This pro-
ject in Broward County, Florida,
was performed for the Arvida Cor-
poration as part of its Weston de-
velopment project. It is an exam-
ple of how archaeological sites
can be sensitively incorporated
into commercial developments as
educational/recreational ameni-
A question that is often asked
is what does the state do with all
of the information recorded in the
Florida Master Site File? In ad-
dition to using it in evaluating
environment altering project im-
pacts to historic resources and as
a comparative base in evaluating
site significance, it is also used
as a research tool and for provid-
ing data used in developing
Florida's Comprehensive Historic
Preservation Plan, state land man-
agement plans and local government
comprehensive plans. The article
by Marion F. Smith, Jr. and John
F. Scarry, "Apalachee Settlement
Distribution: The view From The
Florida Master Site File," pro-
vides a good example of the re-
search potential of the Florida
Master Site File and how it can be
used to identify aspects of ar-
chaeological cultures needing fur-
ther research. Dr. Smith adminis-
ters the Florida Master Site File
and Dr. Scarry administer the
Archaeological Research Section of
the Bureau of Archaeological

Research in the Division of
Historical Resources, Florida
Department of State.
An area of growing interest is
wet site archaeology. The last
two articles, one by Drs. Doran
and Dickel of the Department of
Anthropology, Florida State Uni-
versity, and one by Dr. Purdy of
the Department of Anthropology,
University of Florida, deal with
this subject. The first,
"Radiometric Chronology of the Ar-
chaic Windover Archaeological Site
(8BR246)" by Glen H. Doran and
David N. Dickell, reports on the
results of efforts to date that
important site, and compares those
dates with those reported from
other sites. The second, "Piston
Corers: Equipment, Techniques, and
Application to Archaeology" by
Barbara A. Purdy, describes the
assembly, use and application to
archaeology of the use of piston
corers on wetsites.
Finally, we turn to our Book
Report, Current Research and Com-
ments section. Two projectile
point publications, "Stone Age
Spear and Arrow Points of the Mid-
continental and Eastern United
States: A Modern Survey Reference"
(1987) by Noel D. Justice and
"Treasures of the Chipola River
Valley" (1987) by H.L. Chason,
were reviewed along with two eth-
nohistoric studies, "Creeks and
Seminoles" (1987) by J. Leitch
Wright and "Apalachee: The Land
between the Rivers" (1988) by John
H. Hann. There were no current
research submissions. In our Com-
ments area, I have provided a
reduced copy of our Chapter 872,
Florida Statutes brochure whitch-we
prepared as a public service. I
have also provided a presentation
by B. Calvin Jones, "The Dreamer
and the de Soto Site." The sub-
ject of his presentation is a
narration of the manner in which
the 1539 de Soto winter encampment
was discovered. Finally, I also
present a discussion of our sub-
scription dues increase scheduled

to begin in 1989.
In Volume 41 Number 1 of The
Florida Anthropologist, I listed a
number of out of print issues of
our journal which our Society did
not have. At our annual meeting
in May, Mr. Arthur Dreeves donated
copies of most of the needed
volumes through Volume 18. I wish
to acknowledge Mr. Dreeves gener-
osity to the Society.
We still do not have any copies
of the following issues:
FA 6(1), FA 6(4), FA 7(1), FA 7
(3), FASP No. 4, FASP No. 5, FA 17
(2), FA 18(1), FA 20(1-2), FA 20
(3-4), FA 21(1), FA 21(2-3), FA 21
(4), FA 23(4), FA 24(1), FA 25(4),
FA 26(1), FA 27(1), FA 27(3), FA
29(2 Part 2)/FASP No. 8, and FA 30
We could also use second copies
of every issue listed on page 7 of
FA 41(1). These issues will be
used to copy out of print articles
and will serve as a basis for se-
lecting articles to reprint. To
obtain these issues for the
Society, if they are not received
as gifts, I am prepared to ex-
change available back issues for
them. The exchange rate would be
at the same value as comparable in
stock back issues.
I would like to end this dis-
cussion with a note of thanks to
Joan Deming for preparing the gal-
leys for Dr. Purdy's article, to
Glen Doran for preparing the gal-
leys for his and Dr. Dickel's ar-
ticle, to John Scarry for prepar-
ing the galleys for his and Dr.
Smith's article, to Marilyn Masson
and David Allerton for preparing
the galleys for her article and
the Masson, Carr and Goldman arti-
cle, and to Mike Wisenbaker for
preparing the galleys for his book
review. I did the wordprocessing
for the remaining text and paste-
up for the issue.

Louis D. Tesar, Editor
The Florida Anthropologist
August 9, 1988


A special book-length issue of
The Florida Anthropologist is
planned for Volume 42 Number 4,
December 1989 to celebrate the
450th anniversary of the beginning
of the de Soto expedition in
Florida, and especially the 1539
winter encampment in Apalache
around present day Tallahassee, as
well as the expeditions activities
to its end in 1543. This issue
will feature articles on the de
Soto expedition and other First
Spanish Period topics.
It is planned that this special
issue will be around 250-300 pages
in length, including both color and
black-and-white photographs and
other graphics. For these reasons,
the cost of this issue will exceed
funding available from membership
dues. It is estimated that around
$8,000 in extra funding will need
to be raised to cover publication
If you want to participate as an
individual, organization or corpor-
ate sponsor of this special issue,
please send your check or money
order made payable to the Florida
Anthropological Society to the
Editor to assure acknowledgement of
receipt and proper credit in the
issue acknowledgements. Please re-
member to ear-mark your contribu-
tion for the FA 42(4) Special Issue
Account. Your gift is tax deduc-
tible and may be for any amount
which you care to contribute.
Researchers on the de Soto expe-
dition route and other First
Spanish Period topics are invited
to submit abstracts of proposed ar-
ticles and subsequent manuscripts
for review. Response to this call
for papers must be on or before
December 1988. All manuscripts
will be peer reviewed. Authors are

responsible for preparing camera-
ready graphics. Color plates must
be discussed with the Editor.
Contributions, abstracts, manu-
scripts and inquiries should be
sent to Louis D. Tesar, FAS Editor,
P.O. Box 1013, Tallahassee, FL


The de Soto expedition's march
through what is today the South-
eastern United States marks a turn-
ing point of major historical and
cultural significance. Following
its passage there were major dis-
ruptions of native American cul-
tures. It was the first major ef-
fort by Europeans to explore the
interior of the Southeast. Fi-
nally, it is believed that the
first Christmas celebration in
North America occurred at the 1539
winter camp of the de Soto expedi-
tion at the Apalache village of

After years of searching what is
believed to be the 1539 winter camp
of the de Soto expedition has been
located a short distance to the
East from Florida's capitol in Tal-
lahassee. The State of Florida is
in the process of purchasing this
site as an archaeological and his-
toric park. With the 450th an-
niversary of the de Soto expedition
approaching, what better way to
celebrate than with the issuance of
a commemorative postal stamp by the
U.S. Postal Service.

I urge you all to write to the head
of the U.S. Postal Service, and to
your congressmen, both in Washing-
ton and in your home state, urging
their support of this idea. You
must act now, because of the time
required to consider, accept and
design such commemorative stamps.
A large showing of public support
is essential if a 450th anniversary
commemorative de Soto expedition
stamp is to be issued by Christmas,


Vol. 41 No. 3

Sept., 1988



Louis D. Tesar

On July 13-15, 1988, as a rep-
resentative of the of the Florida
Department of State, Division of
Historical Resources, Bureau of
Historic Preservation, I attended
the annual meeting of the South-
east Region State Historic Preser-
vation Officers. In addition to
the working sessions, and field
trips to view Virginia's impres-
sive historic properties, I at-
tended the opening Reception at
the historic Executive Mansion.
The Honorable Gerald L.
Baliles, Governor of The Common-
wealth of Virginia, was in atten-
dance. His presentation was
noteworthy, and, I believe, could
serve as an example to other chief
executives, legislators and public
administrators. Afterwards, I had
occasion to meet with him as he
chatted with reception partici-
pants. I told him how much I had
enjoyed his presentation, discus-
sed the kind of work I do in the
Office of Florida's State Historic
Preservation Officer, and my vol-
unteer role as the Editor of The
Florida Anthropologist. I discus-
sed the purpose of our journal and
indicated that, if he was willing
to share a copy of his remarks, I
would like to publish it as an ex-
ample for other public officials
and our readers. He indicated his
willingness, and I subsequently
received his remarks, as well as a
copy of his remarks of July 21,
1987, when he established the
Governor's Commission to Study
Historic Preservation in Virginia.
I have retyped both in our column
format and presented them below.

I hope that you find them to be
as interesting as I have. They
reflect a commitment to historic
preservation in balance with other
concerns, and are presented in an
enjoyable, to the point, somewhat
witty manner. They show a clear
understanding of the economic and
social benefits of saving the
past, our heritage and roots, for
the present and the future. They
serve as an example for historic
preservation minded public offi-
cials throughout the Southeast and

Wednesday, July 13, 1988

Remarks of

The Honorable Gerald L. Baliles
The Commonwealth of Virginia

Reception for
State Preservation Officers
Southeast Region

Executive Mansion

Ladies and gentlemen: Welcome
to Virginia, to Richmond and to
the Executive Mansion.

As a temporary resident of this
home, I am especially proud of its
architecture, its preservation and
its history.

It's really not bad for public

I am also pleased and greatful
for its location: just a few hun-



Vol. 41 No. 3

Sept., 1988

dred yards from my office.

Convenience aside, I like to
think of this mansion where we
meet tonight as emblematic of

Like Virginia, this mansion's
gracefulness, dignity and history
inspire both inhabitants and visi-
tors; nonetheless, it serves an
energetic and forward-looking pop-

It is also emblematic because
Virginia is a state filled with
historic buildings and sites liv-
ing side-by-side with some of the
buildings and sites of our own

As our Secretary of Natural
Resources, John Daniel, and as our
state preservation officer, Bryan
Mitchell, have both doubtlessly
told you, this building is the
oldest, continuously inhabited ex-
ecutive mansion in the nation.

This year marks its 175th an-

John and Bryan have probably
told you as well that we have just
celebrated that fact by adding
this home to the Register of
National Landmarks.

Even though they have told you
that, I want to reiterate it be-
cause this is an audience that can
particularly appreciate the impli-
cations of that fact.

Virginia has so many historic
homes, markets, public and private
buildings, shipwrecks, prehistoric
and historic archaeological sites,
that preservation has great bear-
ing on the future of the state.

For I am convinced that if
Virginia is to continue to move
confidently into the future, we
must be mindful of our history.

We have an especially pressing
responsibility to keep our rapid
growth balanced with a living re-
spect for the past.

That is why just about a year
ago, I summoned some 20 prominent
citizens from all walks of life to
come here to Richmond and begin
considering what we are doing to
preserve our essential history and
how we can do it better.

The Governor's Commission to
Study Historic Preservation has
been diligently at work ever

Several of its members are here
this evening, including our out-
standing chairman, David Brown of
the Virginia Preservation

He can tell you far more elo-
quently than I can how much is at
stake and how profoundly the ef-
fects of change and prosperity de-
pend upon identity and continuity.

During the commission's year-
long deliberations, its members
have seen very clearly how these
issues of change and continuity
meet on the field of preservation.

On this field, these Virginians
have weighed the elements of our
identity in order to preserve what
truly marks our common journey
into the future.

As change sweeps across that
field with ever accelerating
speed, we want to know what we can
do to make sense of our past and
see the direction it provides.

I like to tell people that as
much as Virginians like to read
about history, they would rather
make it.

But it is impossible to make
history without understanding what


Tuesday, July 21, 1987

While we cannot be enslaved by
that past, we can be identified by

When the Commission to Study
Historic Preservation came to
Richmond almost exactly a year
ago, I told the members that
preservation is a tool to manage
change and growth, which Virginia
is experiencing in startling abun-

And with due respect to the
great work that all of you have
done in your states, I also told
those commission members to bring
Virginia back into the forefront
of our nation's historic preserva-
tion efforts.

We have a great responsibility
-- to our future, as well as to
our past.

As all of you go about the
meetings, seminars and workshops
associated with this conference,
and as you tour some of our local
historic treasures like the White
House of the Confederacy and
Westover, let me ask you to share
with Bryan Mitchell, with John
Daniel and with David Brown your
reactions towards and ideas for
Virginia's preservation efforts.

The more we can learn from each
other about the ways and means of
preservation, the better we can
all go about the business of
learning from the past how to
shape the future.

Mrs Baliles and I are delighted
all of you could be with us this

Have a productive conference,
and make sure you spend lots of
money while you're here.


The Remarks of

The Honorable Gerald L. Baliles
The Commonwealth of Virginia

Governor's Commission to
Study Historic Preservation

House Room 1, State Capitol

Against the long pagent of
human history, twenty years is but
a brief moment.

Twenty years wouldn't be enough
time to plan even the basic design
of a medieval cathedral. It
wouldn't be long enough to estab-
lish the reputation of most
artists, writers or musicians.

And it certainly wouldn't be
sufficient time to listen to all
the interesting ideas of a
Virginia governor.

But it was twenty years ago,
following the lead of some re-
spected efforts such as those of
the Association for Preservation
of Virginia Antiquities, when the
Commonwealth embarked on its ef-
fort to preserve its unique and
priceless historical and prehis-
torical resources.

As each of you well know,
Virginia preceded most states and
the federal government in this en-

And, that is hardly surprising,
since Virginia has more history
than most states put together.

It follows, then, that Virginia
would take seriously the age-old
injunction that to whom much is
given, much is expected in return.

our past means.

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