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 Title Page
 November 1850
 December 1850
 January 1851
 Errata
 Documents accompanying the governor's...






Group Title: Journal of the Florida House of Representatives.
Title: A Journal of the proceedings of the House of Representatives of the ... General Assembly of the State of Florida, at its ... session
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027786/00015
 Material Information
Title: A Journal of the proceedings of the House of Representatives of the ... General Assembly of the State of Florida, at its ... session
Alternate Title: Journal of proceedings of the House of Representatives of the General Assembly of the State of Florida, at its ... session
Journal
House journal
Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Florida
Physical Description: v. : ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Legislature. -- House of Representatives
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: S.l
Manufacturer: Floridian Office
Publication Date: 1845-
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Legislative journals -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1st General Assembly, 1st session (1845)-
General Note: At head of title: House journal.
General Note: Sometimes issued as: Journal of proceedings of the House of Representatives of the General Assembly of the State of Florida.
Funding: Digitized for the Florida House of Representatives, the Office of the Clerk.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027786
Volume ID: VID00015
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida House of Representatives. Office of the Clerk.
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 003417926
oclc - 12901223
lccn - sn 85065604
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Journal of the proceedings of the Assembly of the State of Florida, at its ... session

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
    November 1850
        Monday, November 25
            Page 3
            Page 4
        Tuesday, November 26
            Page 5
            Page 6
        Wednesday, November 27
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
            Page 13
            Page 14
            Page 15
            Page 16
            Page 17
            Page 18
            Page 19
            Page 20
        Friday, November 29
            Page 21
            Page 22
            Page 23
            Page 24
            Page 25
            Page 26
            Page 27
            Page 28
            Page 29
        Saturday, November 30
            Page 30
            Page 31
    December 1850
        Monday, December 2
            Page 32
            Page 33
            Page 34
        Tuesday, December 3
            Page 35
            Page 36
        Wednesday, December 4
            Page 37
            Page 38
            Page 39
            Page 40
            Page 41
            Page 42
            Page 43
            Page 44
            Page 45
            Page 46
        Thursday, December 5
            Page 47
            Page 48
            Page 49
            Page 50
        Friday, December 6
            Page 51
            Page 52
            Page 53
            Page 54
            Page 55
        Saturday, December 7
            Page 56
            Page 57
            Page 58
            Page 59
            Page 60
            Page 61
            Page 62
            Page 63
            Page 64
            Page 65
            Page 66
            Page 67
            Page 68
            Page 69
        Monday, December 9
            Page 70
            Page 71
            Page 72
            Page 73
            Page 74
        Tuesday, December 10
            Page 75
            Page 76
            Page 77
            Page 78
            Page 79
            Page 80
            Page 81
            Page 82
            Page 83
            Page 84
        Wednesday, December 11
            Page 85
            Page 86
            Page 87
            Page 88
            Page 89
            Page 90
            Page 91
            Page 92
        Friday, December 13
            Page 93
            Page 94
            Page 95
            Page 96
            Page 97
            Page 98
        Saturday, December 14
            Page 99
            Page 100
            Page 101
            Page 102
            Page 103
            Page 104
        Monday, December 16
            Page 105
            Page 106
            Page 107
            Page 108
            Page 109
            Page 110
        Tuesday, December 17
            Page 111
            Page 112
            Page 113
            Page 114
            Page 115
            Page 116
            Page 117
            Page 118
            Page 119
        Wednesday, December 18
            Page 120
            Page 121
            Page 122
        Thursday, December 19
            Page 123
            Page 124
            Page 125
            Page 126
            Page 127
            Page 128
            Page 129
            Page 130
        Friday, December 20
            Page 131
            Page 132
            Page 133
            Page 134
            Page 135
            Page 136
        Saturday, December 21
            Page 137
            Page 138
            Page 139
            Page 140
            Page 141
            Page 142
            Page 143
        Monday, December 23
            Page 144
            Page 145
            Page 146
            Page 147
            Page 148
            Page 149
        Tuesday, December 24
            Page 150
            Page 151
            Page 152
            Page 153
            Page 154
        Friday, December 27
            Page 155
            Page 156
            Page 157
            Page 158
            Page 159
        Saturday, December 28
            Page 160
            Page 161
            Page 162
            Page 163
            Page 164
        Monday, December 30
            Page 165
            Page 166
            Page 167
            Page 168
            Page 169
            Page 170
            Page 171
            Page 172
            Page 173
            Page 174
            Page 175
            Page 176
            Page 177
            Page 178
        Tuesday, December 31
            Page 179
            Page 180
            Page 181
            Page 182
            Page 183
            Page 184
            Page 185
    January 1851
        Wednesday, January 1
            Page 186
            Page 187
            Page 188
            Page 189
            Page 190
            Page 191
            Page 192
            Page 193
            Page 194
            Page 195
            Page 196
            Page 197
            Page 198
            Page 199
        Thursday, January 2
            Page 200
            Page 201
            Page 202
            Page 203
        Friday, January 3
            Page 204
            Page 205
            Page 206
            Page 207
            Page 208
            Page 209
            Page 210
            Page 211
            Page 212
            Page 213
            Page 214
            Page 215
            Page 216
        Saturday, January 4
            Page 217
            Page 218
            Page 219
            Page 220
            Page 221
            Page 222
            Page 223
            Page 224
        Monday, January 6
            Page 226
        Monday, January 6
            Page 227
            Page 231
            Page 232
            Page 233
            Page 234
        Tuesday, January 7
            Page 233
            Page 234
            Page 235
            Page 236
        Wednesday, January 8
            Page 237
            Page 238
            Page 239
            Page 240
            Page 241
            Page 242
            Page 243
            Page 244
            Page 245
            Page 246
            Page 247
        Thursday, January 9
            Page 248
            Page 249
            Page 250
            Page 251
            Page 252
            Page 253
            Page 254
            Page 255
            Page 256
            Page 257
            Page 258
            Page 259
            Page 260
        Friday, January 10
            Page 261
            Page 262
            Page 263
            Page 264
            Page 265
            Page 266
            Page 267
            Page 268
            Page 269
            Page 270
            Page 271
        Saturday, January 11
            Page 272
            Page 273
            Page 274
            Page 275
            Page 276
            Page 277
            Page 278
            Page 279
            Page 280
        Monday, January 13
            Page 281
            Page 282
            Page 283
            Page 284
            Page 285
            Page 286
            Page 287
            Page 288
            Page 289
            Page 290
            Page 291
            Page 292
            Page 293
            Page 294
            Page 295
            Page 296
        Tuesday, January 14
            Page 297
            Page 298
            Page 299
            Page 300
            Page 301
            Page 302
            Page 303
            Page 304
            Page 305
            Page 306
            Page 307
            Page 308
            Page 309
            Page 310
            Page 311
            Page 312
            Page 313
        Wednesday, January 15
            Page 314
            Page 315
            Page 316
            Page 317
            Page 318
            Page 319
            Page 320
            Page 321
            Page 322
            Page 323
            Page 324
            Page 325
        Thursday, January 16
            Page 326
            Page 327
            Page 328
            Page 329
            Page 330
            Page 331
            Page 332
            Page 333
            Page 334
            Page 335
            Page 336
        Friday, January 17
            Page 337
            Page 338
            Page 339
            Page 340
            Page 341
            Page 342
            Page 343
            Page 344
            Page 345
            Page 346
            Page 347
            Page 348
            Page 349
        Saturday, January 18
            Page 350
            Page 351
            Page 352
            Page 353
            Page 354
            Page 355
            Page 356
            Page 357
            Page 358
            Page 359
            Page 360
            Page 361
            Page 362
            Page 363
            Page 364
            Page 365
        Monday, January 20
            Page 365
            Page 366
            Page 367
            Page 368
            Page 369
            Page 370
            Page 371
            Page 372
            Page 373
            Page 374
            Page 375
            Page 376
            Page 377
            Page 378
            Page 379
            Page 380
            Page 381
            Page 382
            Page 383
            Page 384
            Page 385
            Page 386
            Page 387
            Page 388
        Tuesday, January 21
            Page 389
            Page 390
            Page 391
            Page 392
            Page 393
            Page 394
            Page 395
            Page 396
            Page 397
            Page 398
            Page 399
            Page 400
            Page 401
            Page 402
        Wednesday, January 22
            Page 403
            Page 404
            Page 405
            Page 406
            Page 407
            Page 408
            Page 409
            Page 410
            Page 411
            Page 412
            Page 413
            Page 414
            Page 415
            Page 416
        Thursday, January 23
            Page 417
            Page 418
            Page 419
            Page 420
            Page 421
            Page 422
            Page 423
            Page 424
            Page 425
            Page 426
            Page 427
        Friday, January 24
            Page 428
            Page 429
            Page 430
            Page 431
            Page 432
            Page 433
            Page 434
            Page 435
            Page 436
            Page 437
            Page 438
            Page 439
            Page 440
            Page 441
            Page 442
            Page 443
    Errata
        Page 444
    Documents accompanying the governor's message
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Annual report of the register of public lands, and state superintendant of schools
            Page 55
            Page 56
            Page 57
            Page 58
            Page 59
            Page 60
            Page 61
        Reports of the comptroller of public accounts
            Page 62
            Page 63
            Page 64
            Page 65
        Treasurer's report
            Page 66
            Page 67
            Page 68
        Report of the quartermaster general
            Page 69
            Page 70
            Page 71
            Page 72
            Page 73-80
            Page 81
            Page 82
            Page 83
            Page 84
            Page 85
            Page 86
            Page 87
            Page 88
            Page 89
            Page 90
            Page 91
            Page 92
            Page 93
            Page 94
            Page 95
            Page 96
            Page 97
            Page 98
            Page 99
            Page 100
            Page 101
            Page 102
            Page 103
            Page 104
            Page 105
            Page 106
            Page 107
            Page 108
            Page 109
Full Text



HOUSE JOURNAL.


A

JOURNAL OFO THE PWOEEWGS

OF THE



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

OF THE

GENERAL ASSEMBLY

OF THE



AT ITS



FIFTH SESSION,

Begun and held at the Capitol, in the City of Tallahassee, on
Monday, Twenty-Fifth November, 1850.








TALLAHASSEE:
OFFICE OF THE FLORIDA SENTINEL:
PRINTED BY JOSEPH OLISBY.

1851.

















JOURNAL.



MONDAY, NOVEMBER 25th, 1850.
On this day, being the one fixed by the Constitution of this State,
for the meeting of the General Assembly, at 12 o'clock, M., Mr. W.
B. LANCASTER, Clerk of the late House of Representatives, called
the members elect to order-and proceeded to call the roll by Coun-
ties. when the following named Gentlemen appeared and presented
the evidence of their Election as members :
From Escambia County.-WALIKER AI)nDET.O-N.
"Santa Rosa _Jor .'; iKI '-.
SWTi'on 0a 1z IT. ',1kGrNBLL.
"Holmes ST':ivrn" TRen'n.
II"'' TlX'TFS IROWA. .
"' Jackson NicnI,..L.s A. LONI.
JoHrx MITTeoN.
JoHN rrETT.
SCnahozun L Ui: LO r.
Fraklin A-, T. rE. 'snr----
Gad.fr, len ROtLIN r-c BAXt'T .
BErNET S. B1VTTLt: -
DDAXI L. KE-X ---
WXs- E. Xir cr.Tcr.x -
LeoIIn -H4uH Al(:uiERI
R. A. Smix' -
BEN.r. F. AImL -
"A'Wr. IM; MAXWELL.--
VWakula '-. IAT nEiis.
Jeffrrson W3r. S. DILWORTI.
J\o. FiNLAYSON, -
JOSaUA.. -TA.Lon..
Madison BE.T.. ARDLXW,
TfHOMAS LA'cNEORm ....
Hamilon ," L,;o, G. SMITR. *.
"Columbia $Jo. W. JoNs, -
JAM3- S.- JON s. -
Ducal JAEs -W, 'BRANT,-
Jari';:s PLuvnref.' -.
Alachua JNo. -B.--TANDLEY.
M3arion JNib- SCOTT..
Nassau JAMES EIGER.








4



St. Johns BE-.--F. IHoPKris.
Putnam S
Levy .AUGUSTUS STEELE.
Hillsborough ". J.mEss-T. T-MGBEE.
"Benton JNo. G. LOCKHART,

MLonroe Wr. W. McCALL.
"St. Lucie M. 0. BunIRAM. -
Whereupon, there being a quorum present, on motion, Mr. Long
took the Chair.
On motion, the oath of office in such case prescribed by the Con-
stitution of this State, was duly administered by JAMES E. BROOME,
Judge of Probate for Leon County, to all the above named gentle-
men presenting certificates, except to Messrs. Lockhart and Bradley,
claiming by contradictory certificates.
On motion to read certain papers relating to said seat in question,
a division being called, the yeas prevailed, and the papers were
read.
Mr. Anderson moved that Mr. Bradley be sworn in. A division
being called, the motion prevailed, and the oath of office in such case
prescribed by the Constitution of this State was duly administered to
Mr. Bradley by JAMES E BROOME, Judge of Probate for Leon County.
On motion, the members proceeded to the election of a Speaker.
Mr. Milton nominated Mr. ARCHER, and Mr. Scott nominated Mr.
HorKIsxs.
The vote was,
For HOPKINS--essrs. Allen. Baker, Battle, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant,
Geiger, Langford, Long, Mathers, Maxwell, Plummer, Scott, Shine and Wilkin-
son-i 6.
For ARCHER-aMessrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Burnham, Dilworth,
Finlayson, James Jones, John Jones, Kenan, Kilchrease, Lott, Magbee,
McCall, Milton, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, and Wardlaw-21.
So Mr. AECHER was declared duly elected Speaker.
On motion, he was conducted to the Chair by a committee, con-
sisting of Messrs. Bryant and Anderson, and at Jressed the members
in a few appropriate remarks.
On motion, the members proceeded to the election of Chief Clerk.
Mr. W. H. MILLON and Mr. WV. B. LANCASTER were nominated to
fill that office.
The result was,
For MILTON-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Brownell,
Burnham, Dilworth, Finlayson, James Jones, John Jones, Kenan, Kilchrease,
Lott, Magbee, McCall, Milton, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor and Wardlaw-
21.
For LANCASTERa-Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Brett, Brown, Bryant, Geiger,
Hopkins, Langford, Long, Mathers, Maxwell, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Turner and
Wilkinson-17.







5



So Mr. W. H. MILTON was declared duly elected Chief Clerk of
the House.
On motion and division, the members present adjourned until to-
morrow at 10 o'clock, A. M.


TUESDAY, November 26, 1850.
The members met pursuant to adjournment, and the roll being
called, there was a quorum present.
A committee from the Senate announced to the House that the
Senate was organized, and ready to proceed to business.
The journal of yesterday was read and amended, so that the name
of Mr. Battle should appear as voting for Mr. Hopkins instead of
Mr. Archer, and Mr. Scott offered the following motion: That the
journal be corrected so as toilet the name of Mr. Turner appear for
Mr. Hopkins in the election for Speaker on the 25th, instead of Ar-
cher, he having voted for Archer through mistake.
Whereupon the yeas and nays were called by Messrs. Scott and
Bryant. Pending the question, Mr. Long, at the request of Mr.
Speaker, filled the chair.
The vote resulted :
YEAS-Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Brett, Brownwell, Brown, Bryant, Gei-
ger, Hopkins, Langford, Long, Mathers, Maxwell, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Tur
ner and Wilkinson-18.
NAYs-Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Burnham, Dilworth, Finlayson,
James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Lott, Magbee, McCall, Mil-
ton, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Wardlaw-19.
So said motion was lost, and the journal was approved.
On motion, Mr. Speaker resumed the chair.
On motion, the House members went into the election of Assis-
tant Clerk.
Mr. Bennett nominated Mr. Hugh Corley, and Mr. Long nomina-
ted Mr. W. B. Lancaster to fill said office.
The vote was
For CORLEY-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Burnham,
Dilworth, Finlayson, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan; Kilcrease, Lott,
Magbee, McCall, Milton, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, and Wardlaw-20.
For LANCASTER-Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Brett, Brownwell, Brown,
Bryant, Geiger, Hoplins, Langford, Long, Mathers, Maxwell, Plummer, Scott,
Shine, Turner and Wilkinson-18.
So Mr. Corley was declared duly elected Assistant Clerk.
Mr. Kenan nominated Mr. Robert E. Gibson to fill the office of
Enrolling and Engrossing clerk, and.Mr. Scott nominated Mr. John
Livingston for said office.
The vote was







6



For GInsoN-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Burnham,
Dilworth, Finlayson, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Lott,
Magbee, McCall, Milton, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Wardlaw-20.
For LIVINGSTON-Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bry-
ant, Geiger, Iopkins, Langford, Long, Maxwell, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Tur-
ner, Wilkinson-17.
For BLANK-M-I. Mathers-1.
So Mr. Gibson was declared duly elected.
Mr. S. Barrington and J. D. McSwain were nominated obr the
office of'Messenger and Doorkeeper, and 1he vote was
For BAIIRINGTO---3r. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Burn-
ham, Dilworth. Finlayson, James S. Jones, John W. Jones. Kenan, Kil-
crease, Lott, Magbee, McCall,. Milton, Smith. Standley, Steele, Taylor and Ward-
law-20.
For M\cSwAI--Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant.
Geiger, IIoplins, Lianford, Long, Maxwell, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Turner and
Wilkinson- 17.
For BLANK-M-r. M\atlhers-1.
So Mr. B'llriing!on was declared duly elected s gr ad ese r an Door.
keeper.
On motion, the members went into election of SerPeant-nl-Arms.
Mr. Finla'ison nominated Mr. .I..M. Holder, and Mr. Baker nomi-
nated Mr. G. U. Moucliet.
The vote was.
For IILDER-M-r. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Bennctt, Bradley, Burnham,
Dilworth, Finlayson, Tames S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilehrease,.Lott,
Magbee, McCall, Milton. Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor and Wardlaw-20.
For MOUCIET--Messr.. Allen, Baker, Battle, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant,
Geiger, Iopkins, Langtord, Long, Maxwell, Plummer, Scott, Shine. Turner and
Wilkinson- 17.
For BLANK--Mr. Mathers-1.
So Mr. Holder was declared duly elected to said office.
Whereupon, on motion, the above named elected officers-Mil-
ton, Corley, Gibson, Barrington, and Holder-were dtdy sworn in by
the Speaker.
On motion, Messrs.. McCall, Bryant and Hopkins were appointed
a Committee to wait upon and inform the Senate and His Excellen-
cy, the Governor, that the House is now organized, and ready to pro-
ceed to business.
On motion, thie House proceeded to the election of Printer for the
House, and Mr. Long nominated Mr. Joseph Clisby.
The vote was.
For CLIsnY-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Brett, Brownell,
Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Finlayson, Geiger, Hopkins, James S. Jones,.John
W. Jones, Langford, Long, Mathers, Maxwell, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Taylor,
Turner and Wilkinson-24.







7

For HILTON & DYKE--Messrs. Anderson, Bradley, Dilworth, Kenan, Kil-
crease, Lott, Magbee and Wardlaw-8.
For BLANK-Messrs. Bennett, McCall, Milton, Smith, Standley and Steele-
6.
So Mr. Clisby was declared duly elected.
On motion, Messrs. Kenan, Allen and Wardlaw were appointed
a Committee to secure for the House the services of a Clergyman as
Chaplain during the session.
On motion, the rules of the House for the last session were adopt.
ed for the present session, until other rules may have been adopted.
The following message from the Senate was received, and on mo-
tion laid on the table :
SENATE CHAMBER, Nov. 26, 1850.
Hon. Speaker House Reps :
Sir-Messrs. Brown, of Benton, Crawford, and Baldwin have
been appointed a committee on the part of the Senate to act with a
similar committee on the part of the House, to. fix the rate of com-
pensation to be paid for the printing of the present General Assem-
bly. Respectfully,
N. McPHERSON,
Sec'y Senate.
On motion, Messrs. Long, Steele and Anderson were appointed a
similar committee on the part of the House, to act with the Senate
committee in fixing the rate of compensation to be paid for the prin-
ting of the present General Assembly.
The House then adjourned until to-morrow 11 o'clock.


WEDNESDAY, November 27, 1850.
The House met pursuant to adjournment, and a quorum being
present, after prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the minutes of yester-
day's proceedings were read, amended and approved.
The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CAMIBER, Nov. 26, 1850.
Hon. Speaker of the House of Representatives :
Sir,-The Senate have appointed Messrs. Maxwell, Finley and
Baldwin a Committee, to act with a similar Committee on the part
of the House, to wait upon and inform His Excellency, the Gover-
nor, that the General Assembly is now organized, and ready to re-
ceive any communication he may be pleased to address to them.
Respectfully,
N. McPHERSON,
Secretary of the Senate.
The Committee appointed to wait on His Excellency, the Gover-
nor, in conjunction" with a similar Committee on the part of the
Senate, and inform him that the two Houses are now organized, and
ready to receive any communication he may have to make, reported








8



that they had performed the duty assigned them, and that IHis Excel-
lency would be prepared in a few moments to communicate with
the General Assembly.
George E. Hawes, presenting a certificate of his election as Rep-
resentative from Orange County, was, on motion, duly swvorn, and
took his seat.
The following Messagefrom His Excellency, the Governor, was
received and read :
EXECUTIVE DEPAETMINT,,
November 25, 1850.
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate
and House of Representatives :
I greet with sincere pleasure the re-assembling of the Constitu-
tional Representatives of the People, after the lapse of so long an
interval, and I doubt not it will be our mutual, purpose to co-ope-
rate, in. a spirit of disinterested patriotism, for the benefit of our be-
loved State. Let us humbly invoke the aid of the'Almighty Ruler
of Nations in so ordering the affairs of this Commonwealth that
we may find a rich reward in His favor, the approbation of our
constituents, and the public advancement in virtue, order, intelli-
gence, enterprise, prosperity and happiness.
The two .years which have elapsed since your last meeting
have been seasons of more than ordinary prosperity. A kind
Providence has preserved, to an unusual degree, the health of our
People, and crowned their agricultural labors with great abundance.
A dark cloud, it is true, has'hovered over our Indian border and still
remains undispelled ; but in all else 1 may be allowed to congratu-
late you upon our prosperous condition as a State and People.--
The confident hope is entertained that the difficulties which have
so long cramped our energies and retarded our progress are all fast
disappearing, and that Florida is destined soon to realize, in her
actual wealth, population and progress, all the fond anticipations
which, in darker days, we began to regard as dreams, but which
her immense and undeveloped resources fully justified us in in-
dulging.
In a State in the condition of our's no subject can claim a more
pressing interest than that of. public instruction. In older commu-
nities, under our government of popular opinion, it justly takes the
first rank-but here, recently embarked upon the experiment of
State government, with a population rapidly increasing by immi-
gration, scattered over a vast extent of country and to a great de-
gree destitute of the ordinary means of civil and religious instruc-
tion, no subject can appeal in stronger terms, for all possible and
speedy attention. The fund already realized from the sale of the
sixteenth sections is perhaps sufficient to justify a commencement
of a system of common school education, if aided by laws judiciously
framed to elicit co-operation from the People. Indeed, without this,









)



,iay t'fu:l I -,,I i-. cr.,.ir ess to enect the be incw cca purpose cf
public :IIL ul..:. 111 ..a th this view I respectfully suggest to the
Legislai ur. : ibu elEd rn,:y of a careful revision of the law already
enacted ni!p-.i, ieluljr.t of common schools, and such further
legislation as may seem proper. The fiit :hllr.-, yet grand and
important object, is to place within the -ici .:.1 A re'ry child in this
State the opportunity of learning to read and write-of acquiring
those I.,ap..i'.ll'.- elements of education which shall place him in
a position to tit himself for the enlightened discharge of his impor-
tant civil and social duties; and the more remote he is from such
opportunity, the greater would seem to be his claim upon us for re-
lief. A plan characterized by simplicity and economy-placing
the main administrative power in the hands of county authorities
-making the payment of all pro rata dividends from the fund
contingent upon equal or greater sums to be raised by county tax-
ation, appears likely to be the most efficient; and I feel confident
that should the sum so raised be found, for the present, wholly in-
adequate to the support of a sufficient number of regular daily
schools, it could yet, by the employment of itinerant teachers, ac-
complish the great object of teaching our children to read and
write, by extending to them at least two or three months' tuition in
the course of each year.
The Constitution of this State makes it the duty of the Legis-
lature to encourage a "liberal system of Internal Improvements,"
and as soon as practicable to ascertain by law proper objects of
" improvement in relation to roads; canals and navigable streams,
" and to provide for a suitable application of such funds as may be
" appropriated for such improvements." Nothing has yet been
realized from the munificent donation of land by the General
Government for the purpose of Internal Improvements in this State.
It cannot, however, be doubted that, eventually, a large sum will
accrue from this grant; and if the recent cession to this State of
the immense tracts of swamp and overflowed lands within her
borders, be devoted to the same object, we can hardly fail to realize
a most ample and efficient fund. .The provision of the Constitu-
tion before quoted, requires a liberal system"-not detached, frag-
mentary, isolated and speculative projects of Internal Improve-
ments; and the geographical configuration of the State is such,
as to show the importance of such a "system." Except a common
government, the South, the East, the Middle and the West, may
be said to have no other community of interest. Each stands iso-
lated-perhaps viewing the other with more or less jealousy, and
it needs no prophet's eye to discover that we shall never enjoy that
unity of feeling so essential to our well being as a State, until
bound together by a system of Internal Improvement. We have
also commodious harbors on the Atlantic and the Gulf, but never
will we realize their full value as depots of trade, until they are
connected with the producing back country by a system of imn
2










provement; and on the other hand, a large portion of the most
fertile lands in the State are renjErtd c:omlarajil-lv vilueless, by
the want of the means of easy ani cle.ap conirnun,-aii:'n with the
seaboard; while for the same reason 4rnric4ns .and heavily tim-
bered pine regions, which otherwise nihlit be fIuind exceedingly
valuable, are whol:y wolililh" except for nmre gr: zing purposes.
I submit to thewtv.Iim tiof tih General Assembly, whether, even
now, some plan of Internal Improvement might not be evolved,
worthy the name of a State system, which should stimulate the en-
terprize and enlist the co-operation of all our people-some plan
which should have in contemplation the accomplishment of the
great objects to which I have alluded-which should unite the
waters of the Atlantic with the Gulf-furnish a great thorough-
fare of intercommunication between the cities of the Southwest,
the Pacific, and those of the Atlantic coast, and which, by a judi-
cious improvement of the water-courses of the Peninsula, might
unite all interests, and concentrate the enterprise of all sections in
a truly valuable State system of improvement. Before mere local,
temporary and isolated projects shall be conceived and brought for-
ward to divert the attention of the various counties, let the public
mind be directed to something which shall be of vast, common and
permanent utility. It may reasonably be apprehended if schemes
for mere local expenditure of this fund shall once arise, they will
vastly multiply-that a grant to one will furnish only the occasion
for a grant to another, until finally they will sink into mere appro-
priation seeking-each county claiming only to get as much as its
neighbor, without regard to the objects to be accomplished, and the
whole fund be squandered without permanent benefit to the people.
Nothing short of the early adoption by the Legislature of a gene-
ral system of Internal Improvements, seems likely to avert so sad a
catastrophe; and among the numerous considerations which seem
to indicate the propriety of this course, is that of early obtaining a
further grant of land for this purpose from the General Govern-
ment. Liberal appropriations of land have been made by Con-
gress for similar objects in other States, and it may be truly said
that no project of Internal Improvement would possess a higher na-
tional character, or, as such, be likely to present a stronger claim on
the favorable consideration of Congress, than the plan of a great
highway between the Atlantic and the Gulf. Congress has lately
evinced a disposition of extraordinary liberality with regard to the
public domain, and I do not entertain a doubt that an application
by your honorable body for a grant of land, connected with the
adoption of some plan for such an enterprise, would be attended
with entire success. As little doubt have I of our ability to accom-
plish this great work with the present and prospective means of the
fund, and the co-operation of private enterprise, and that the cost
of the work might be covered by the increased value it would give-
to lands wiliin the reach of its influence.








11



In connection with thi: ent-rpi ize, my attention has been called
"to the f-L.:. th-t nlgcoiiaioIrls have b:en completed with Mexico for
the Tihorn:p.ci:, rtouu to the Pacific, and that a company has al-
ready I.,:n i:i g ir:zd in ibe State of Louisiana for the construction
of the. roia. ThLs rouLe ik believed to be by far the most direct and
practi-.ibl.., and likely to command a vast pr.oplri.ri;i.: of the travel
and i ra tipijolicr'in to Califo)rnia, Oregon, and the Asiatic coast and
islands. A glance at the map will show you that a railroad across
our State would be in the direct line, and form a most important and
essential link of connection between the Gulf depot of this route
and the Atlantic coast and cities.
As essential to the maturing and prosecution of any important
scheme of State Internal Improvement, and the proper management
of the funds arising from grants already made, or which may be
hereafter made by the General Government, I respectfully suggest
the propriety of creating a Board of Internal Improvements, under
such restrictions as the General Assembly may deem salutary.
It is gratifying to know that, for the first time, public attention out
of the State is becoming awakened to the immense and varied agri-
cultural resources of Florida. A spirit of earnest inquiry has been
aroused, and occasional and interesting facts are developed, but still
the means of information upon this important subject are lamentably
imperfect. It has been earnestly suggested to me from various
sources, to recommend to you the creation of a Board of Agriculture,
which, filled by enterprizing, intelligent and patriotic citizens, who
would consent to receive the appointment, might, without expense to
the State, serve as an important nucleus and medium for the collec-
tion and dissemination of valuable facts with regard to the agricul-
tural resources of Florida, and at the same time awaken a spirit of
improvement and progress in the great planting interest of ab,-
State.
The terms of office of the Circuit Judges, under the provisions
of the Constitution, expiring in July last, I re-appointed the, in-
cumbents, to serve until the adjournment of the present session of
the General Assembly. The duty will, therefore, devolve upon
you of electing the entire judiciary of the State. Upon the sub-
ject of the organization of this important branch of the Govern-
ment, certain considerations suggest themselves to me, to which I
invite your attention.
As our highest tribunal, announcing the law without further ap-
peal, and determining the rights of the citizen in the last resort, it is
all-important that the constitution of the Supreme -Court be such,
as in the best degree to ensure accuracy in its decisions, and public
respect and confidence. Our judicial system has now been in ope-
ration for a period of five years-a lapse of time which may enable
ius to detect and remedy any defects in its organization. Of some
one hundred and five cases presented to the Supreme Court, du-
ring- this time, for its adjudication, upwards of two-thirds of that








number have arise in the Middle Circuit. If the Judges had been
confined to their respective Circuits, the Judge of the Middle Circuit
would have been excluded from all participation in the decision of
this large number of cases, and the Circuit would have been, to all
intents, without a representative upon the bench. The alternating
law prevailing for upwards of two years, relieved this inequality,
and imposed nearly equal burdens upon the Justices of the Appel-
late Court. Since the repeal of that law, however, the objection-
able inequality has revived. Referring to the printed Reports of
the Court, 1 find adjudications since that time of only three cases
from the Eastern Circuit, one from the Southern, and four from the
"Western. During the operation of the alternating law, appeals
were in nearly the same ratio; so that this inequality would seem to
consist either in the small amount of business in the Courts of
those Circuits, or in the inconvienene attending an appeal. If the
latter be the case. then the double objection presents itself, that the
people of those Circuits are practically excluded from the Appel-
late Court by their distance from the seat of government, and that
tile people of the iliddle are prejudiced by the exclusion of their
judicial officer from the bench of thi' tribunal.
Another objection of no slight importance is: that decisions are
ferquent:ly given in the Supreme Court by two of the Judges: so as
to be decisive of the case, whilst t!ie two other Judges hold a dif-
ieren; opinion-there being no common arbiter or fifth Judge to de-
cide this difference. Common reason and obvious propriety would
"`)rbid this: vet the constitution of the Court renders such a re-
suit inevitrable-thus, I fear, doing injury to individuals, and caus-
"i'n. confusiu!n amnl uncertainty in the law itself, and its administra-

Various plans have been proposed to remedy these evils, and im-
prove our judicial system. 1My design is not to recommend any
particular plan. leaving it to the wisdom of the Legislature to con-
trive and determine such remedies as to them may seem most salu.
lary andt expedient. A return to the alternating system, would re-
mnore a part of the evil. A separate Court of Ch'ncery for the
State, to consist of one Judge, to discharge equity duties, and to be
added to the Supreme Court: and a separate Supreme Bench have al-
so been suggested. But perhaps the plan better suited to the finan-
cial circumstances of the State, and which, it is believed, would go
far to remove all the objections which have been raised, would be
to reorganize the present Judicial Circuits, by creating a new one;
thereby making the circuits smaller, and the duties less, and more
equal. This plan would give five Judges to the Supreme Court,
and male a concurrence of three necessary to the reversal of a de-
cision. It has also been proposed to provide for two'additional ses-
sions of the Sipreme Court to be held, one in the East, and the
otber in the West-by which arrangement, the people of the East
u.nu South, and the West. wOoul be relieved from the onerous ne-








13



cessity of attending the Supreme Court at the capital of the State,
without additional public expense.
The expense attending the confinement of criminals in prison
for a long time, before trial, is very onerous and burdensome to the
treasury. This may, in some cases, be for the time of seven
months, owing to the interval between the terms, and the want of
a provision to allow the judges to hold special or called terms for
the trial of such cases, when demanded by the public interest, or
requested by the accused., Such confinement during the summer,
months, before conviction, should scarcely be regarded in any other
light than as an act of cruelty and oppression, revolting to the
senses, and shocking to humanity, and little short of the punish-
ment of death. It is believed that most of the States have pro-
visions for such an exigency, by the allowance of adjournments, or
permission to their judges to hold extra terms. By the Constitu-
tion of this State. the Circuit Courts have all the jurisdiction of a
separate Chancery Court, which is believed confers the power to
hear and adjudicate cases in vacation. There is every reason why
this should be done. Cases of complex and intricate character
require time for deliberation and reflection, an4 cannot be disposed
of in the.hurry of a term taken up in criminal and jury trials of
other descriptions. It may be desirable, in a matter of such im-
portance, that the power should be undoubted, and expressed in
clear and.unquestionable language. The Constitution of this State
directs,"that all the courts shall be open andrightandjusticeadminis-
tered without sale, denial or delay," as a means by which the great
and essential principles of liberty and free government may be re-
cognized and established." This provision is obligatory upon the
Legislature, whose office it is for the most part to furnish the reme-
dies and modes of action for the courts, and to provide all proper fa-
cilities and provisions for their due observance and execution.
It is well known that a difference of opinion has prevailed in
regard to the proper construction of that provision of the Constitu-
tion which fixes the period when the term of office of the first Gov.
ernor of Florida shall expire. My predecessor claimed the right to
hold over until the first Monday of October, 1849, while I held the
opinion that I was duly elected on the first Monday of October,
184S. as announced to me by a joint committee of both houses of
the General Assembly, and that his authority ceased as soon as his
successor was chosen and qualified. The General Assembly having
adjourned without the expression of any opinion on the subject,
except what might be inferred from conferring upon me in Con-
stitutional form the obligations of office, and possessing no power
myself to bring the question properly before the Supreme Court of
the State for a judicial decision, I had no alternative but to submit
to the construction placed upon the Constitution by my predeces-
sor, and therefore did not receive the seals of office until the first
Monday of October, 1849, my predecessor having continued to per-







14



form the functions of office to that day. A report of his proceed.
ings, addressed to your honorable bodies, was left in the Executive
Department and accompanies this Message.
It is proper, however, that I should declare that I have seen no
cause to change my previous opinion. I hold that I was elected
for four years from the first Monday of October, 1848, and that I
constitutionally entered upon the duties of office at the time I was
qualified in the presence of the Representatives of the People; and
consequently, that my term of office will close on the first Monday
of October, 1852, or as soon thereafter as my successor shall be
hosoen and qualified. The question of construction, however, still
remains unsettled, and will be a source of embarrassment to all
time, unless settled by the proper authority. For this purpose, I
proposed to my predecessor to make a friendly case in the Circuit
Court, so that an appeal might properly go up to the Supreme
Court of the State for a final decision, but he declined. I now in-
vite the attention of the General Assembly to this subject, that such
action may be taken as will bring the question properly before the
Supreme Judiciary of the State, so that a final decision may be had
before the election of my successor.
Twenty-two Bonds of the late Territory issued in fa-vor of the
Union Bank of Florida have been delivered to me by order of the
Circuit Court of the Middle Circuit, and I have caused them to
be deposited in the Treasury Department for safe-keeping, until
the pleasure of the General Assembly respecting them shall be
made known. I am also informed that a large number of these
Bonds, and also of the Bonds issued in favor of the Life Insurance
and Trust Company, have been paid into those Banks by stock.
holders, and mortgaged property to a corresponding amount releas-
ed. How many of like Bonds have been heretofore returned to the
Executive of the State and Territory and cancelled, I have no pre-
cise information. I would recommend an inquiry into this subject,
and also into the condition of these institutions. I submit, herewith,
a letter from Col. John G. Gamble, President of the Union Bank
of Florida, and invite the attention of the General Assembly to the
subjects therein presented.
Application will probably be made to you, during your present
session, for the incorporation of another banking institution. While
it must be acknowledged that past experience in this State has not
been such as to encourage a favorable anticipation of the success of
such institutions, yet it is worthy the attention of the Legislature
to inquire whether public convenience and security may not be pro-
moted by a banking institution of moderate capital, established
upon sound principles and under salutary restrictions.
Having been officially advised that a United States force was
upon the frontier, deemed by the commanding general sufficient to
protect the inhabitants and keep the Indians in check, and having
also learned that the State.volunteers called out by my predecessor,









15



would not be received into the United States service, I early di-
rected their discharge; and for the payment of their expenses
home, as there were no funds in the State Treasury, by law appli-
cable to this purpose, I drew upon the contingent fund, in favor of
Quarter Master General R. A. Shine, for the sum of $1,584 57,
which you will find accounted for in his accompanying Report.
I also communicate herewith my correspondence with the
President of the United States and the Secretary of War, on
the subject of the claims of our citizens for military service, and
for losses sustained from Indian depredations, and the removal of
the Seminoles beyond the limits of this State. It is hoped that a
bill for the payment of the volunteers called into service by my
predecessor, which has already passed one branch of Congress, and
is now upon the calendar of the other, will become a law soon
after the re-assembling of that body. But there are other compa-
nies of settlers on the frontier, who were forced into service in de-
fence of their families, and rendered hard service, and suffered se-
vere privations, for whom, as yet, no provision has been made. I
respectfully solicit the attention of the General Assembly to some
action in their behalf. The removal of the Indians from Florida
has been assumed by the General Government as a duty, so re-
peatedly, and in such various and solemn forms, that it is beyond
the power of language to make it clearer, or more binding and em-
phatic. As a measure dictated by every principle of justice to our
citizens upon the frontier, who have bought lands and settled un-
der these repeated assurances from the Government-as indispen-
sable to the security of our frontier inhabitants, and the advance-
ment and prosperity of the State, I invite the General Assembly
again to invoke the speedy and decisive action of the Federal Gov-
ernment to the dirschage of its obligations upon this subject.
The Seminoles concerned in the murders of Indian River and
Pease Creek, committed in July, 1849,havipg been surrendered
to the United States commanding general, he was instructed by
the authorities at Washington to report them to the Executive of
Florida, to be dealt with according to the criminal laws of this
State. No communication has, however, been received by this
Department on that subject, nor am I aware of what disposition
was made'of these offenders. A communication has been received
from Captain Casey, Special Indian Agent, with regard to the pres-
ent condition and temper of the Seminoles in Florida, which is here-
with submitted.
I regret to inform you that but little progress has been made
in the settlement of the vexed question of boundary between the
States of Georgia and Florida. The General Assembly, at its
last session, passed a resolution, instructing the Attorney General
to file a bill in the Supreme Court of the United States, for the
purpose of bringing the question to the arbitrament of that tribunal.
This action seems to have been in accordance with the expressed-






16



wishes of the authorities of Georgia ; but much to my surprise, the
Governor of that State, in his late Message to the General Assembly,
appears to have mistaken it as discourteous and unfriendly. Tore.
move such an impression; I early addressed him a letter, which led
to the accompanying correspondence upon the boundary question;
and at one time I indulged a sanguine hope that the controversy
would be adjusted by negotiation, without a resort to the Supreme
Court. I, therefore, directed the Attorney General to suspend pro-
ceedings. But I was disappointed ; and as no other course appeared
to be left, the case was re-instated, by my direction, in the Su-
preme Court, and associate counsel employed, to take proper steps
for a speedy decision.
It is doubtless within the personal knowledge of every member
of the General Assembly, that the Militia of the State is entirely
disorganized, and whatever efforts I have been able to make to
remedy this state of things have proved wholly ineffectual. The
law is radically defective in principle, as well as unwieldy and cum-
bersome. I invite your attention to the elaboration and enactment
of some simpler and more efficacious law.
The Grand Jury of Leon County having twice presented the
condition of the Public Armory as unsafe, I am led to recommend
to you an appropriation for the construction of a small and safe
building for this purpose, to be located on the Capitol Square.
The Board of Managers of the Washington National Monu-
ment Association, having "extended an invitation to each of the
States of the Union to furnish a block of marble, or other stone,
the production of its soil," for that structure, I caused a block of
Limestone to be quarried near St. Marks, of suitable dimensions
and texture, and to be forwarded to the National Capital, with in-
structions to have it suitably prepared and inscribed with the name
of the State, the date of her admission into the Union, and the fol-'
lowing inscription : "Florida sees in his counsels safety-in his life
an example-in his memory a perpetual bond of Union."
That provision of the Constitution which declares that the salary
of the Governor shall neither be increased nor diminished during
the term of the incumbent, relieves me from any embarrassment I
might otherwise feel in pressing upon your attention a subject of
much public importance. While a system of rigid economy in
every department of the government is an imperative duty, of which
I am sure we shall never be unmindful, it cannot be disguised that
the salaries of the officers connected with the Executive Department
of this State are so low, as, in effect, to create an odious monopoly to
residents near the capital, or to more wealthy citizens who can af-
ford to incur expense, for the sake of the honors of office. A public
office of trust which requires the whole time of the incumbent,
ought to afford a competent support for himself and his family, and
to that extent, at least, justify the citizen living at a distance from
the capital in removing here to perform its duties. At present such









17



is not the case, and the effect of existing provisions has been al-
1ii:'.. as entirely to exclude the great body of the people from these
offices, as, if they were constitutionally disqualified. Reflection
must satisfy us that this is a false c,':'.:i''.., and that its practical
tendency is likely to be, to exclude talent, experience and ability
from the service of the State, to seek other channels where it can
find a more adequate reward. Under a wiser and more liberal sys-
tem, the various State offices might serve to develop statesmen to
vindicate and do honor to the commonwealth abroad, and our
State would be represented- in the national councils by men who
had previously earned character and public confidence by official
service at home. A course like this would practically go further
to vindicate State rights and sovereignty, than all the abstract rea-
soning upon the subject.. As the election of my successor will take
place before another session of the General Assembly, I invite.such
action as will have the salutary effect of opening the door to every
portion of the State for a participation in the honors of the Chief
Magistracy, as well as other Executive offices.
In compliance with the provisions of an act of the last General
Assembly, the Secretary of State caused to be procured seals, with
appropriate devices, for the Circuit Courts, which have been distribu-
ted to the Clerks of the respective Courts in each of the Counties of
this State.
By a resolution of the last General Assembly, it was made the
duty of the Governor to correspond with M. Alexandre Vattemare,
the distinguished author and promoter of a system of international
literary exchanges, which duty I have caused to be performed; and I
li.ve no"I il: i:i-:lc.ron'to inform the General Assembly, that I
hIia:- t ec.ri r- i vIe .t highly interesting communication from that
eminrllnt plrlal':'pi, detailing his plans and operations, with a
cM talogu ,:l or I ald valuable literary works for our State Library.
These have been shipped from the city of New York, and may be
expected here in a short time-when they will be submitted to the
Legislature, with his communication, for such action as you may
think proper.
The Report of the State Register of Public Lands will be found
an interesting document, embracing practical views and suggestions
on the subject of schools, worthy the consideration of the General
Assembly.
It will be seen that some inconvenience has occurred in loca-
ting the school lands on the line of boundary with Alabama, owing
to the distance between the mounds thrown up by Ellicott. I
submit whether it would not be advisable to make provision to have
that line accurately run, and more distinctly marked.
The Attorney General's Report points out some defects in the exis-
ting laws, which require amendment. I would particularly ask the
consideration,of the General Assembly to his suggestions upon the
necessity of making some provision for the care and safe keeping of
indigent insane persons. 3








18



The Reports of the Comptroller and Treasurer exhibit a healthy
and improving condition of the financial resources of the State--and
with such improvements in our revenue system,as experience has
enabled the Comptroller to suggest, the gratifying prospect is pre-
sented of a Treasury capable of meeting all proper and reasonable
demands upon it. If the General Assembly should think favorably
of the suggestion, which I would strongly recommend,'of borrowing
the surplus school fund at a reasonable rate of interest, for the pur-
pose of taking up all the outstanding Treasury certificates, it would
abolish that very objectionable and unwise system, which nothing
but necessity could justify, and relieve the holders of State scrip
from the oppression of submitting to a discount upon their just de-
mands. A sinking fund could be provided, which would repay the
"sum borrowed whenever it might be required, and would surely be
as safe an investment of that fund as any that might offer.
In February last, certain correspondence took place between our
delegation in Congress and the Executive, on the subject of the
Southern Convention at Nashville. While regarding with-much
anxiety the threatening aspect of the great sectional controversy,
the Executive was constrained to the belief that he had no consti-
tutional or legal power to commit the State to that measure, or offi-
cially to interfere to procure a representation in the Convention;
and that the measure itself was ill-timed and inexpedient-ill-timed,
because Congress was then in session, attempting to settle the
question-inexpedient, because, if resolutions were wanted, resolu-
tions had been taken, emphatically taken, by the legislatures of the
Southern States; and if resistance was contemplated, the point for
resistance had not yet been reached. The Constitution, that great
charter of our rights, is sufficiently explicit to need even no formal
resolutions to elucidate it, and were this not so, the dictates of inter-
sectional comity are plain. Both regard the States and their re-
spective citizens as political co-equals-entitled to the same mea-
sure of right or privilege, and whatever specious sophistry may be
used to sustain positions leading to a different result is equally ab-
horrent to that written and unwritten law. In the attempt to vin.
dicate our rights under the Constitution it seems to me that the day
for mere moral effect conventions and resolutions has passed, nor
can I see much hope of a permanent peace between sections from
a reluctant compliance with the plain conditions of the federal
compact thus extorted. Nothing short of a willing and cheerful
submission by all sections to the paramount law of the Union,
seems likely much longer to preserve it in real vitality or even in
hollow semblance.
Congress, after unprecedented delay and difficulty, succeeded in
adopting a plan of compromise. It was not such as to meet the
just expectations of the People of this State; but considering that it
is not often incidental to an award fully to gratify both or either of
the parties, and that no surrender of constitutional principle was






19



demanded, we were disposed to acquiesce in this settlement, looking
that it should be carried out in hearty good faith by the other sec-
tions of the Confederacy. This reasonable expectation, I am led to
fear, by recent indications, may be doomed to disappointment. The
ink is scarcely dry upon the parchment of the Compromise before-the
threat to repeal the bill for the recovery of fugitives is heard from
sources which leave little room to doubt that an earnest effort
is about to be made in Congress to wipe from the statute book a bill
whose only office was to afford the people of,the hon-slaveholding
States theopportunity to perform, or to acquiesce in the performance
of, a plain constitutional duty. Passed, as it was, by an actual
minority of the popular branch of Congress, it seems to me little
likely to withstand in that body the storm of odium which has been
raised against it, unless a great and unexpected change in apparently
dominant Northern opinion shall take place. While it affords sin-
cere gratication to believe that a disposition exists with the Federal
Administration and a majority of the Senate of the United States to
maintain the compromises of the Constitution, we are painfully re-
minded that unless the turbid and swollen tide of fanaticismbe stayed
by the people themselves, all such barriers must soon be swept away.
Nothing is surer than that this government must eventually furnish
a faithful reflection of the established opinion of a popular majority,
and this fact, considered in connection with the manifestations of
Northern sentiment upon their obligations under the federal compact
justifies a serious concern for the perpetuity of the Union. The re-
peal or essential modification of the law for the recovery of fugitive
slaves will, in my judgment, be tantamount to a formal record and
notification of the unwillingness of our Northern brethren longer
to abide by the Constitution of the United States. It is not seriously
contended that this law is an abuse, or violative of any constitutional.
right. The only rational objection which can be urged against it is
that it is likely to accomplish, with some degree of efficacy, the ob-
ject for which it was enacted-the restoration of fugitive slaves to
their rightful owners. Without a constitutional provision stringently
enforcing this duty and fully securing this right, it is a matter of
historical truth that.the Union could never have been formed; and
equally true it is, that the Union cannot endure a practical repudia-
tion of this plain constitutional right and duty in the repeal or emas-
culation of a law designed to secure and enforce it. It is idle to
contend that this cry of repeal or amendment has any foundation
in the provisions of the law, except in so far as they harmonize and
co-operate with the provisions of the Constitution. Its repeal, there-
fore, is a practical repudiation of that instrument.
Such an event would leave us no alternative, compatible with
national unity ; for it seems to me there can be no treason so ig-
nominious as that which should acquiesce in a violated Constitu-
tion-none more fatal to the cause of civil liberty throughout the
world-none more ruinous in its ultimate consequences to ourselves







20



and posterity. Should the General Assembly concur with me, as
the next regular session will not take place until 1852, I invite
you, if you think proper, to authorize the Executive, by law or
resolution, in the event of a repeal of the Fugitive Slave Bill, or
the consummation of any other aggressive measure, at his discretion
to proclaim and convoke,a Convention of the People of this State,
at such time as may comport with harmonious action with our sister
States of the South, for the purpose of devising a remedy. It is
with inexpressible pain that the General Assembly and the Execu-
tive must contemplate any contingency imperilling the stability of a
government which has, in general, so well and so wisely discharged
its great functions, and which, like some proud monument tottering
to its fall, seems to inspire a deeper sense of grandeur at the appa-
rent threatening of a catastrophe; and while it menaces our safety,
to call forth a more poignant sympathy and vivid recollection of
the many grateful and hallowed associations which cluster around
it. I can only add the hope, that a kind Providence, which watched
over our national infancy, and averted so many perils, may yet ex-
tend a protecting arm, and save us from the calamities of disunion.
Your fellow-citizen and obedient servant,
THOMAS BROWN.
On motion of Mr. Anderson, the reading of the documents accom-
panying the Message was dispensed with, and one thousand copies
of the Message and the accompanying documents were ordered to be
printed.
The Speaker announced the appointment of the following Stand-
ing Committees, viz:
STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE.
Committee on the Judiciary. Committee on Agriculture.
Messrs. ANDERSON, Messrs. JOHN W. JONES,
MILTON, BROWNELL,
ALLEN, SMITH,
DILWORTH, PLUMMER,
BRYANT, and STANDLEY,
"6 MCCALL. GEIGER.
Committee on Militia. Committee on Internal Improve-
Messrs. MILTON, ments.
HOPKINS, Messrs. JAMES S. JONES,
SCOTT, BRYANT, .
KILCREASE, SCOTT,
MAXWELL. WARDLAW,
Committee on Finance and Public DILWORTH.
Accoimts. Committee on Engrossed and En-
Messrs. BENNETT, rolled Bills.
BAKER, Messrs. BAKER,
FINLAYSON, BATTLE,
WILKINSON, McCALL,
TAYLOR. KENAN,
FINLAYSON.








21

Committee on Claims. Committee on Elections.
Messrs. DILWORTH, Messrs. FINLAYTON,
"LONG, BENNETT,
KENAN, SCOTT,
"MATHERS, -. MAXWELL, and
BUENHAM, BUINHAx.
"TAYLOR. Committee on Propositions and
Committee on Schools 4- Colleges. Grievances.
Messrs. ALLEN, Messrs. WARDLAW,
"BROWN, LANGFdRD,
BRETT, MATHERS,
LoTT, KILCREASE,
SHINE. STANDLEY.
On motion of Mr. Long, it was ordered that a Committee on Fede-
ral Relations be appointed.
On motion of Mr. Anderson, it was ordered that a Committee on
Corporations be appointed.
A petition from L. D. Rogers, claiming to be the duly elected
Representative from Hillsborough County, and asking to be admitted
to the seat, in place of J. T. Magbee, the sitting member from said
County, was read, and, on motion of Mr. Anderson, was, with the
testimony accompanying it, referred to the Committee on Elections.
Mr. Anderson gave notice that he would, at some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill, to be entitled An Act to incorporate the Es-
eambia Plank Road Company.
On motion, Messfs. James S. Jones, Anderson, Long, Baker and
Dilworth were appointed a Committee to draft rules for the govern-
ment of the House during the present session.
Mr. Bryant moved thatthe House adjourn until Friday morning,
10 o'clock, which was lost.
On motion of Mr. Steele, the House adjourned until Friday morn-
ing next, 11 o'clock.

FRIDAY, November 29, 1850.
The House met pursuant to adjournment and the roll being called
there was a quorum present.
After prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the journal of Wednesday
was read and approved.
Mr. Anderson gave notice that he will at some future day ask
leave to introduce the following bills, viz :
An act to incorporate the Pensacola and Navy Yard Plank Road
Company.
An act to authorize Joseph Sierra to construct a wharf in the city
of Pensacola.
An act to authorize Wm. H. Chase and Albert Golay of Escam-
Wia County to cut a canal between the Grand Lagoon and the Per-
ido River in Escambia County.








22



An act to authorize Henry Slayback to establish a ferry across the
Escambia Bay from Bayou Mulotre to some point on the west side
of the Bay between Gull Point and the mouth of Escambia river.
Mr. Long moved that the chief clerk of the House be instructed to
call upon the Secretary of State and procure a copy of Thompson's
Digest for each standing committee, and a copy of the same for the
use of the House;
Which motion was carried.
Mr. Shine gave notice that he will on some future day, ask leave
to introduce a bill to be entitled an Act to incorporate the State Bank
of Florida.
Mr. Hopkins gave notice that he will on to-morrow, or on some
other day, ask leave to introduce a bill to be entitled an Act to pro-
vide for the removal of the Indians now in Florida, without our boun-
daries.
Mr. Milton gave notice that he will at some future day ask leave
to introduce a bill to amend the laws in relation to the granting of
divorces by the circuit courts of this State ;
And also, to amend the patrol laws of the State.
Mr. Bryant gave notice that he will at some future day ask leave
to introduce a bill to provide for the payment of the scrip holders of
the late Territory of Florida.
Mr. Lott gave notice that he will at some future day ask leave to
introduce a bill to authorize Jason Gregory to establish a ferry across
the Apalachicola river at Ochesee, in Calhoun county.
Mr. Scott gave notice that he will at some future day ask leave to
introduce a bill to amend the pre-emption law of this State.
Mr. Allen presented a petition from Mr. Isaac P. Hardee, claim-
ing to be the duly elected Representative from Levy County, asking
to be admitted to the seat in place of Mr. A. Steele, the sitting mem-
ber from said county;
Which was read, and on motion of Mr. Milton, said petition with
all the documents relative thereto, was referred to the committee on
elections with instructions to report without unnecessary delay.
Mr. Scott moved that Mr. Allen be added to the committee on
elections, on which motion the yeas and nays were called and re-
sulted as follows:
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Brett, Brown, Bryant, Gei-
ger, Hawes, Hopkins, Kenan, Langford, Long, Mathers, Maxwell, Plummer,
Scott, Shine, Smith, Turner and Wilkinson-20.
NAYs-Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Burnham, DTl lisi, Finlayson,
James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kilirease, Lott, Magbee, McCall, Milton, Smith,
Standley, Steele, T., I..i and Wardlaw-18.
So said motion was carried.
Mr. Anderson offered the following resolutions, which were adopt-
ed:
Resolved, 1st. That so much of the Governor's Message as relates









23



to the Common School and Seminary Funds, and a System of Com-
mon School Education, and also the Report of the State Register of
Public Lands accompanying the Message, be referred to the Com-
mittee on Schools and Colleges.
Resolved, 2d. That so much of the Message as relates to Internal
Improvements, and to the creation of a Board of Internal Improve-
ments, be referred to the Committee on Internal Improvements.
Resolved, 3d. That so much of the Message as relates to Agri-
culture, and to the creation of a Board of Agriculture, be referred to
the Committee on Agriculture.
Resolved, 4th. That so much of the Message as relatesto the
election of the Judiciary of the State, and to the constitution of the
Supreme Court, and to the revival of the alternating system, and to
the creation of a new judicial circuit, be referred to the Committee on
the Judiciary.
Resolved, 5th. That the report of the Attorney General acdom-
panying the Message, and also so much of the Message as relates to
the question of boundary between the States of Georgia and Florida,
and the correspondence between the Governors of Georgia and
Florida on that subject, be also referred to the Committee on the Ju-
diciary.
Resolved, 6th. That so much of the Message as relates to the hold-
ing of extra terms of the Circuit Courts for the trial of criminal
cases, and also for hearing and adjudicating chancery cases, be also.
referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
Resolved, 7th. That so much of the Message as relates to the
"proper construction of that provision of the Constitution which
fixes the period when the term of office of the first Governor of
Florida shall expire," be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
Resolved, 8th. That so much of the Message as relates to the
:bonds issued in favor of the Union Bank, and delivered to the Execu-
tive by order of the Circuit Court of the Middle Circuit, and so much
as relates to the bonds issued in favor of the Life Insurance and
Trust Company, and so much as recommends an inquiry into the
condition of those institutions, be referred to the Committee on Cor-
porations.
Resolved, 9th. That the letter of Col. John G. Gamble, President
of the Union Bank of Florida, which accompanies the Message, be
also referred to the Committee on Corporations.
Resolved, 10th. That so much of the Message as relates to the dis-
charge of the State volunteers called out by Governor Moseley to pro-
tect the inhabitants and keep the Indians in check, and the report of
Quartermaster General Shine, and also the correspondence between
the Governor and the Federal Executive on the subject of the claims
of our citizens and the removal of the Seminoles-also so much as
relates to the Seminoles concerned in the murders of Indian River
and Pease Creek, and also the communication of Captain Casey ac-
companying the Message, be referred to the Committee on Indian
Affairs.






24



Resolved, llth. That so much of the Message as relates to the
militia laws, be referred-to-the Committee on the Militia, with in.
structions to the said Committee to inquire into the expediency of es
tablishing a system of military instruction, by which the officers in
the respective brigades, and regiments may be better qualified for
their several duties.
Resolved, 12th. That so much of the Message as relates to the
condition of the public armory, be referred to the Committee on'the
Militia.
Resolved, 13th. That so much of the Message as relates to tho
salaries of the officers connected with the Executive Department of
the State, be referred to the Committee on Finance.
Resolved, 14th. That the reports of the Comptroller and Treasu.
rer accompanying the Message, be also referred to the Committee
on Finance and Public Accounts.
Resolved, 15th. That so much of the Message as relates to the
compromise bill passed by the Cong.ess of the United States at its
last session, and to the apprehended attempt t to-repeal, or essentially
modify, the law for the recovery of fugitive slaves, and also so much
of the Message as invites the General Assembly to authorize the
Executive, in the eyent of a. repeal of the fugitive slave bill, or the
consummation of any other aggressive measure, at his discretion to
proclaim and convoke a convention of the people of this State, at
such time as may comport with harmonious action with our sister
States of the South, for the purpose of devising a remedy, be referred
to the Committee on Federal Relations, with instructions to report
without unnecessary delay.
The special.committee appointed to procure the services of a clear.
gyman to act as chaplain during the present session, reported
That they had engaged the services of the Rev. Mr. Hume.
The select committee appointed to draft rules for the government
of the House during the present session, recommended the adopt
tion of the rules of last session, with the following amendments : .
39th rule. The previous question shall be in this form: "Shll
the main question be now put ?" and shall be decided by a majority
of the members present without debate, and until it is decided it shall
preclude all amendments and further debate of the main question.
28th rule. Add the following standing committee, viz:
Committee on Federal Relations, Committee on Corporations, and
Committee on Indian Affairs. So as read as follows:

STANDING RULES OF THE HOUSE.

RULE 1. The Speaker shall take the Chair every day, precisely
at the hour to which the House shall have adjourned on the prece.
ding day; shall immediately call the members to order, and on the
appearance of a quorum, shall cause the Journal of the preceding
day to be read.








25

2. He shall preserve,order and decorum; may speak to points of
order, in preference to other members, rising from his seat for that
purpose; and shall decide questions of order, subject to an appeal to
the House by any two members; on which appeal no member shall
speak more than.once, unless by leaveof the House.
3. He shall rise to put the question, but may state it sitting.
4. No member shall speak to any other, or otherwise interrupt
the business of the House, or read any newspaper or other paper,
while the Journals or other public papers are being read, nor pass
between the Speaker and any other member who may be addressing
the House.
5. Every member, when he speaks, shall address the Chair,
standing in his place, and when he has finished shall sit down ; nor
shall any member speak more than twice on any one subject, with-
out leave of the House.
6. When two or more members shall rise at the same time, the
Speaker shall name the person entitled to proceed.
7. When a member shall be called to order, he shall sit down
until the Speaker shall have determined whether he is in order or
not; and every question of order shall be decided by the Speaker
without debate, subject to an appeal to.'the House.
8. If a member shall be called .to prder, for words spoken, the
exceptionable words shall be immediately take down in writing
by the person objecting, that the Speaker may be better enabled to
judge of the matter.
9. No member shall absent himself from the service of the House,
without leave of the House; and in case a less number than a
quorum shall convene, they are hereby authorized to send the Ser-
geant-at-Arms for (any,or) all absent members, as the majority of
such members present shall agree, at the expense of such absent
members respectively, unless such excuse for non-attendance shall
be made as the House (when -a quorum is convened) shall judge
sufficient.
10. No motion shall be debated until the same shall be reduced
to writing, delivered in at the table, read and seconded.
11. When a question is under debate, no motion shall be received,
but to adjourn, to lay it on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to post-
pone to a certain day, to commit or to amend; which several mo-
tions shall have precedence in the order in which they stand ar-
ranged; and the motion for adjournment shall always be in order,
and the motions to adjourn or to lay on the table shall be decided
without debate.
12. If the question in debate contains several points, any mem-
ber may have the same divided.
13. In filling up blanks, the largest sum and longest time shall
be first put.
14. When the reading of a paper is called for, and the same is
objected to by any member, it shall be determined by vote of the
House without debate. 4 '









.' 26'S

15. When the yeas and naJs'all be called for by two of the
members present, every member 'within the bar of the House at the
time the question was put by the Speaker, shall (unless for special
reasons he be excused by the House) declare openly and without de.
bate his assent or dissent to the question. In taking the yeas and
nays, and upon the call of the House, the names of the members
shall be taken alphabetically, and the Speaker shall in all cases vote
first.
16. No member shall be permitted to vote on any question who
was without the bar of the House at the time the. question was put,
unless by the consent of the House; and no motion to permit such
member to vote shall be in order, unless it shall be made before the
House proceed to other business.
17. On a motion made and seconded to shut the door of the House
in the discussion of any business, in which discussion the public
safety may, in the opinion of the House, imperiously require secrecy,
the House shall direct the Speaker to cause the lobby to be cleared,
and during the discussion, of such business, the door shall remain
shut, and no person shall be admitted except by the special order of
the House.
18. The following order shall be observed in taking up- the busi.
ness of the House, viz: 1st, motions; 2d, petitions, memorials and
other papers addressed either to the House or to the.Speaker thereof;
3d, resolutions; 4th, reports of standing committees; 5th, reports of
select committees; 6th, messages from the Senate lying on the table;
and lastly, orders of the day.
19. When a question has been once made and carried in the af.
firmative or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the ma-
jority to move for a reconsideration thereof; but no motion for the
reconsideration of any vote shall be in order, after a bill, resolution,
message, report, amendment, or motion, upon which the vote was
taken, shall have gone out of the possession of the House announce
ing their decision. Nor shall any motion for reconsideration be in
order, unless made on the same day on which the vote was taken,
or within the two next days of the actual session of the House there;
after.
20. All questions shall be put by the Speaker of the House, and
the members shall signify their assent or dissent, by answering vis
voce yea or nay, and in the event of a tie, the question shall be de.
cided in the negative.
21. The Speaker of the House or the Speaker pro tern., shall
have the right to name a member to perform the duties of the Chair,
but such substitution shall not extend beyond an adjournment.
22. Before any petition, memorial, or other paper addressed either
to the House or the Speaker thereof, shall be received and read at
the table, whether the same be introduced by the Speaker or a mem-
ber, a brief statement of the contents of the petition, memorial, or
other paper, shall be made by the introducer.










27

23. One day's notice at least shall be given of an intended mo-
tion for leave to bring in a bill, and no bill shall be written or prin-
ted, except by express order of the House.
24. Every bill and all resolutions of a public nature, or for the
appropriation of the public money, shall receive three readings pre-
viously to the final passage of such bill or resolutions, and the Spea-
ker shall give notice at each, whether it be the first, second, or third
reading, which readings shall be on three different days, unless four-
fifths ofthe members shall otherwise direct.
25. At the second reading of any bill or resolution, it shall be in
order for any meniber.to move its commitment to a committee of the
whole House-that it lay on the table-for its indefinite postpone-
ment-for its postponement to a day certain not beyond the session
-for its commitment to a standing committee-to a select commit-
tee-or to amend; which motions shall have precedence in the or-
der above stated.
26. It shall not be in order to amend the title of any bill or reso-
lution, until it shall have passed its third reading,
27. The titles of bills, and such pVarts thereof only, as shall be
affected by proposed amendments shall be inserted on the jour-
nals.
28. The following standing committees, to consist of not less than
five members each, shall be appointed by the Speaker, at the com-
mencement of each session, with leave to report by bill or other-
wise, viz: A committee on the Judiciary; a committee on the Mi-
litia; a committee on Finance and Public Accounts; a committee
on Claims; a committee on Schools and Colleges; a committee on
Agriculture; a committee on Internal Improvements; a committee
on Engrossed Bills and Enrolled Bills; a committee on Elections;
a committee on Propositions and Grievances; a committee on Fed-
eral Relations; a committee on Corporations, and a committee on
Indian Affairs.
29. All confidential communications made by the Governor to the
,House, and all business in the consideration of which the injunction
of secrecy shall have been imposed, shall be by the members thereof
kept secret, until the House by its resolution, shall take off the in-
junction of secrecy.
30. Each member of select committees, shall, with their chair-
man, sign every report made to the House, if they concur there-
in.
31. Messages may be received at any stage of the business, ex-
cept while a question is being put, or while the yeas and nays are
being called.
32. The Governor and Secretary and members of the Senate shall
be admitted to a seat within the bar of the House, and any other
person shall be admitted, in like manner, upon being invited by a
anember.
33. The clerk, sergeant-at-arms and door keeper, shallZ 1' seven.








28



rally sworn by a Judicial officer of the State, well and faithfully to
discharge their respective duties, and to keep secret the proceedings
of the House when sitting with closed doors.
34. All acts, addresses, and joint resolutions, shall be signed by
the Speaker; and all writs, warrants and subpoenas issued by order
of the House shall be under his hand and seal, and attested by the
clerk.
35. In case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in the lobby,
the Speaker, or chairman of the committee of the whole House, shall
have power to order the same to be cleared.
36. Reporters wishing to take down the debates and proceedings,
may be admitted by the Speaker, who shall assign such places to
them on the floor or elsewhere, as shall not interfere with the con-
-venience of the House.
37. No member shall vote on any question in the event of which
he may have a private or personal interest.
38. After a motion is stated by the Speaker, or read by the clerk,
it shall be deemed in possession of the House, but may be withdrawn
at any time before a decision or amendment.
39. The previous question shall be in this form: Shall the main
question be now put ?" and shall be decided by a majority of the
memeres present without debate, and until it is decided it shall
preclude all amendments and further debate of the main -ques-
tion.
40. 'When a question is postponed ;n i.. i;,i i, the same shall not
be acted upon. again during the session.
41. No motion or proposition on a subject different from that
under consideration, shall be admitted under color of amendment.
42. The finished business in which the House was engaged at
the adjournmren.t, shall have the preference in the orders of the day :
and no amionlon az ay other business shall be received without special
leae of the. HoUse until the former is disposed of.
.43. Upork the ,call of the House, the names of the members shall
be c.llied e'(er by the Clerk, and the absentees noted; alter which,
the names of the absentees shall again be called over, the door
shall tihe be shut, and those Sr whom no ,excuse or insufficient ex.
cases are made, may, by order of those present, be taken into cus.
tody as tey appear, or may be sent for and taken into custody where.
'wvcr to Va ound 1', il.- Sergeant..at-Artms
44. WheI a. member shall be discharged fiom custody and admit.
ted to his .seat', fte House shall determine whether such discharge
shall he wa iti or 'without paying fees.
45. It Ii lex the duty of the Committee of Flections to examine
and report up..n he certificates .of election, or other credentials, of
xhe Traon'mbrs ftrfenie iso serve in this House, and to take into their
c0siTerztai n all cuweh ; *..... and other matter touching elections
anTd zreurns a shal) oL may be presented or come into question, and
e ref&rre, to t hem bv the House.











46. No committee shall sit during the sitting of the House, with-
out special leave.
47. All bills ordered to be engrossed, shall be executed in a:fiir,
round hand, and without erasures or interlineations. .
48. No amendment by way of rider, shall be received to'any ',ill
on its third reading. '
49. When a bill or resolution shall have"passed its third readling.
it shall be carefully engrossed under the direction of the Clerk ;-.be
certified by him, noting the day of its passage at the foot thereof, and
shall be transmitted to the Senate, accompanied with a message, sta-
ting the title of the bill or resolution, and asking the concurrence
of that body, and its transmission shall be entered upon the jour-
nals.
50. Bills committed to a Committee of the Whole House, shall be
first read throughout by the Clerk, and then again read and debated
by clauses, leaving the preamble to be last considered; the body
of the said bill shall not be interlined and defaced, but all amend-
ments, noting the page and line, shall be duly entered, by the ClrPk
on a separate paper, as the-same shall be agreed to by the Commit-
tee, and so reported to the House. After report, the bill shall again
be subject to be debated and amended by clauses.
51. It shall be in order for the Committee on Enrolled and En-
grossed Bills to report at any time.
52. Messages shall be transmitted to the Governor and Senate by
the Doorkeeper, unless otherwise directed by the House.
53. No bill shall be introduced into the House on the last week
of the session, nor shall the above rules, or any of them, be rescinded
or suspended, unless three-fourths of the members present -so di-
rect.
Which report'was received, and the rules as amended were adop-
ted, and one hundred copies thereof ordered to be printed for the use
of the House.
On motion the rules were waived to permit Mr. Anderson to in-
troduce a bill to be entitled an Act to incorporate the Escambia
Plank Road Compa'ny;
Which was read the first time by its title, and 100 copies ordered
to be printed.
On motion of Mr. Long, the rules were waived to allow him to
move the appointment of a committee of three on the part of the
House to act with a similar committee on the part of the Senate to
draft joint rules for the regulation of the two bodies during the pres-
ent session.
Which motion was carried, and
Messrs. Long, Bennett and Allen appointed such committee.
On motion, the House adjourned until to-morrow 10 o'clock, A.
iM.







30



SATURDAY, November 30th, 1850.

The House met pursuant to adjournment, and the roll being called
there was a quorum present.
,*After prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the journal of Friday was
' read'and approved.
"Mr. Wardlaw gives notice that on some future day, he will ask
leave to introduce a bill to provide for the payment of" coroner's
juries" and for other purposes.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Anderson introduced a bill to be
entitled an Act to incorporate the Pensacola and Navy Yard Plank
Road Company, which was read the first time and ordered for a se.
cond reading on Monday next.
On motion of Mr. Anderson, the bill to be entitled an Act to in.
corporate the Escambia Plank Road Company, was ordered to a se
cond reading on Monday next.
Mr. Turner gives notice that he will at some future day, introduce
a bill to be entitled an Act to authorize Henry Hewitt to establish
ferry at Hewitt's Bluff, on Choctawhatchie river.
Mr. Bennett gives notice that he will at some future day ask leave
to introduce a Bill to be entitled an Act in relation to Change Bills.
Mr. Plummer gives notice that he will on some future day ask
leave to introduce a bill to amend an act entitled an act concerning
Roads and Highways &c., approved, January 5th, 1847, especial.
ly for the county of Duval.
Mr. Bryant gives notice that he will on some future day ask leave
to introduce a bill to repeal the 8th section of Article 6th of the Con.
stitution of this State, said section being in the following words, viz:
"No Governor, Justice of the Supreme Court, Chancellor, 01
Judge of this State shall be eligible to election, or' appointment to
any other and different station, or office, or post of honor or emolu.
ment under this State, or to the station of Senator or Representative
in Congress of the United States, from this State, until one year aftei
he shall have ceased to be such Governor, Justice, Chancellor or
Judge."
Mr. Brett moved that the chief clerk furnish each member of the
House, upon his written requisition, such stationery as he may re
quire ; which motion was carried.
Mr. Bennett gives notice that he will at some future day ask leave
to introduce a bill to be entitled an Act defining the boundary line
between Franklin and Gadsden counties, and to provide for surveying
the same.
Mr. Scott presented a petition from James W. Piles praying the
passage of a bill to permit him to enter the part of the sixteenth see
tion which he had settled under mistake, at its appraised value.
Which was read and referred to the committee on Propositions and
'Grievances.
Mr. Scott presented the petition from the Judge of Probates from








31



Marion county asking to be refunded a proportion of expenses incur-
red by said county in a suit therein referred to against E. D. Howse.
Which was read and referred to the committee on Judiciary.
Mr. Milton moved to reconsider the motion of Mr. Brett relative
to the purchase of stationery by the clerk.
Which motion was carried, and the original motion postponed,iA.'.
til Monday next.
Mr. Speaker presented a communication relative to the contested
election in Benton county.
Which was referred to the committee on elections.
The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, Nov. 27, 1850.
Hon. Speaker of the House of Representatives :
Sir,-The Senate has this day adopted unanimously the following
preamble and resolutions, to wit:
WHEREAS, Information has been received by the General Assem-
bly of the State of Florida that Mr. Edmund LaFayette, the grand-
son of General LaFayette, the friend of our Washington, is now
at the Capital of of the State : And whereas, we desire to show
the greatest possible respect to the descendant of that great and
good man who aided us so efficiently in the achievement of our In-
dependence, and whose name is forever blended with our national
history: Be it therefore,
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the ,State
of Florida in General Assembly convened, That a welcome to our
shores and the freedom of the State be, and the same are hereby, vo-
ted to Mr. Edmund LaFayette; and that he be respectfully invited
So occupy a seat within the bar of either House of the General As-
,embly at any time he may visit those bodies.
Be it further resolved, That a Committee, consisting of two mem-
Lers from each branch of the General Assembly, be appointed to wait
upon Mr. Edmund LaFayette, and deliver to him a copy of the fore-
going preamble and resolution.
N. McPHERSON,
Secretary Senate.
Mr. Anderson moved to strike out the word freedom" in the first
section and insert hospitalities."
Which was carried.
The resolutions as amended were unanimously adopted.
Mr. Anderson offered a resolution providing for the payment of
milage and six day's attendance on the General Assembly, of Mr.
Lockhart, claimant to a seat in the General Assembly from the coun-
y of Benton.
Which was read the first time, the rule waived, read a second and
third time and passed. Ordered to be certified to the Senate.
Mr. Allen offered the following resolution, which was rgad the
first time, the rule waived, read a second and third times and passed:






32



Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives, That the
ladies are hereby invited to attend the meetings of this House, ad
that a committee of three be appointed to cause such preparation
to be made as may be deemed necessary to afford the requisite as
commodations.
"Ordered to be certified to the Senate.
The following report was presented and concurred in :
The Joint Committee of the Senate and House appointed to fix tK
rate of compensation to be paid for the printing of the same d&
" ring the present session of the General Assembly, ask leave to re
poft' :-^
,That"they have contracted with Messrs. Hilton & Dyke for the
pFinting of the Senate, and Joseph Clisby for the printing of the
House, upon the following terms, viz:
For furnishing 500 copies of the Journals at $2 per page, counting
one copy-also for daily slips of proceedifigs, and all other miscell.
neous printing, such as reports of the Senate and House bills, slips
&c., at J of a cent for 100 words, counting 75 copies.
Which is respectfully submitted,
M. C. BROWN,,
Chairman Senate Committee.
N. A. LONG,
Chairman House Committee.
The Speaker announced the following Committees.
Committee oc Federal Relations. On Corporations.
Messrs. ANDERSON, Messrs. STEELE,
HOPKINS, SHINE,
JAMES S. JONES, BENNETT,
BAKER, and ALLEN, and
HAWES. DILWORTH.
On Indian Afairs.
Messrs. HAWES,
BRADLEY,
SCOTT,
"BRYANT, and
BURNHAM.
On motion the House adjourneduntil Monday next, 10 o'clock A. N


MONDAY, December, 2, 1850.,
The House met pursuant to adjournment, and a quorum being
present, after prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the journal of Saturdna
was read and approved.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Hopkins introduced a bill to h
entitled an Act to provide for the final removal of the Indians not
remaining in Florida, beyond the limits of the State, which was rel
the first time, the rule waived, read a second time by its title and re








33



feared to the Committee on Indian affairs, and 100 copies ordered
to be printed.
On motion, of Mr. Scott, Messrs. Milton and Hopkins were added
to the Committee on Indian Affairs.'
On motion, Mr. Anderson was added to the Committee on Elections.
Mr. Steele moved that a copy of each of the newspapers printed in
Tallahassee be furnished to the members of the House.
Which motion was carried.
Mr. Brownell gave notice that he would at some future day ask
leave to introduce a bill declaring LaFayette and Four Mile creeks
in Walton County, navigable streams.
Mr. Scott gave notice that he would on some future day ask leave
to introduce a bill to amend the 17th section of article 6, of the Con-
stitution of the State, so that in all elections by the people the vote
shall be viva voce.
Mr. Bradley gave notice that he would on some future day ask
leave to introduce the following bills, viz :
A bill to be entitled an act to change the name of Benton County;
and,
A bill to be entitled an act to authorize George W. Andrews to
practice medicine on the Thompsonian system in this State.
Mr. Bi'yant gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill to repeal An act entitled An Act to compel
the Judges of the Circuit Courts to hold the terms of Court at the
times and places prescribed by law ;" also,
A bill to amend the pilot law referring to the bar of St. Johns
river.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Bryant introduced a bill to be en-
titled An Act for the benefit of the scrip-holders of the late Territory
of Florida;
Which was read the first time, the rule waived, read a second
time byits title, and, on motion of Mr. Bryant, referred to a Select
Committee, consisting of Messrs. Bryant, Anderson and Milton.
Mr. Steele gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask leave
to introduce a bill to establish a Circuit Court in Levy County.
Mr. Milton gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill to be entitled An Act to amend An act rela-
tive to the harboring, aiding, or assisting runaway slaves.
Pursuant to previotis notice, Mr. Lott introduced a bill to be enti.
tled An Actto authorize Jason Gregory to establish a ferry across
the Apalachicola river, at Ochesee, in Calhoun County;
Which was read the first time.
Mr. Steele gave notice that he would, at a future day, ask leave to
introduce a bill to unite the offices of sheriff and tax collector and
assessor in Levy County.
Mr. Kilcrease gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill, to change the name of Ann Burnley to that
of Ann Wilder.
5








34



Mr. J. S. Jones presented a petition of certain residents near Nevw
River, in Columbia County, asking to be annexed to Alachua Coun-
"ty;
Which was read, and referred to a Select Committee, consisting
of Messrs. Standley, Steele and Langford.
Mr. Bryant presented a petition from sundry citizens in Duval
County, praying a change in the pilot laws relative to St. Johns
bar;
Which was read, and referred to a Select Committee, consisting of
Messrs. Bryant, Plummer and Geiger.
Mr. Speaker presented a communication addressed to him by
Franklin Branch, President of the Convention of Delegates from the
several precincts in Hillsborough County, convened for the purpose of
giving expression to the wishes of the people of the County upon the
subject of the removal of the Seminole Indians, containing the jour-
nal of the proceedings of that body;
Which was read, and referred to the Committee on Indian Af-
fairs.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
A bill to be entitled An Act to incorporate the Pensacola and Navy
Yard Plank Road Company,
Was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading on to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled An Act to incorporate the Escambia Plank
Road Company,
Was read the second time by its title, and ordered to be engross-
ed for a third reading on to-morrow.
The motion of Mr. Brett, relative to the purchase of stationery by
the Clerk, was read.
Mr. Milton offered the following substitute:
That the Chief Clerk shall furnish to each member, upon writ-
ten request, stationery not to exceed in the purchase five dollars ;"
Which was accepted, and adopted.
The Senate returned to the House the resolution relative to the
per diem and mileage of Joel L. Lockhart, with the following
amendments, viz :
In the 8th line strike out after the word "of" the words ninety.
three," and the words sixty-eight" inserted therefore.
In the 10th line strike out seventy-five" and insert fifty" in
lieu thereof.
On motion, the House concurred in the amendments, and the
Resolution was ordered to be enrolled.
A message was received from the Senate announcing that that
body had concurred in the House amendment to the Resolutions
in relation to the welcome of Mr. Edmund Lafayette.
The Senate transmitted to the House, as having passed that body,
a bill to be entitled An Act to empower Henry B. Davis, a minor,
to assume the management of his own estate ;










"Which was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
Mr. Speaker appointed Messrs. Milton and Hopkins a committee,
to act-with a similar committee on the part of the Senate, to wait on
Mr. Edmund LaFayette, under the resolutions previously adopted by
the General Assembly.
On motion, the House adjourned until to-morrow, 10 o'clock, A.
M. *

TUESDAY, December 3, 1850.
The House met pursuant to adjournment, and the roll being called,
there was a quorum present;
After prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the Journal of Monday was
read and approved.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Bryant introduced a bill to be en.
titled An Act to regulate the pilotage of the bar of the river St.
Johns;
Which was read the first time, the rule waived, read a second time
by its title, and referred to the Select Committee to whom was refer.
red the petition from Duval County upon the subject of the pilot
laws of St. Johns bar.
Mr. Wardlaw gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill to be entitled An Act to amend An Act in-
corporating towns.
Mr. James S. Jones gave notice that he would, on some future
day, ask leave to introduce a bill to be entitled An Act to amend An
Act defining the duties of Judges of Probate.
Mr. Lott gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask leave
to introduce a bill to be entitled An Act defining the boundary line
between Jackson and Calhoun Counties ; also,
To define the boundary line between Washington and Calhoun
Counties, and to provide for surveying the same.
Mr. Shine gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill to be entitled An Act to incorporate Centre.
ville Lodge.
Mr. Bennett gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill to be entitled An Act to amend the laws
governing elections, now in force in this State.
Mr. Steele gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask
leave to introduce: a bill to amend the law governing elections;
also, .
A bill to authorize J. J. Weeks to establish a ferry across the
Withlacoochee, at a point to be therein named ; also,
A bill to be entitled An Act to amend An Act entitled An Act
to more fully define the rates of and duty of pilots of the port of Ce.
dar Keys."
The following Report was presented and read:








36



"The Committee on Propositions and Grievances, to whom Was re-
ferred the petition of James M. Piles, report:
That they have had the same under consideration, and are of
opinion that the prayer of the petitioner should be granted, and ask
to be discharged from the further consideration.
B. F. WARDLAW,
Chairman of Committee on Propositions and Grievances.
On motion, the petition therein referred to, wTts re-committed to
the Committee on Propositions and Grievances, with instructions to
report a bill in accordance therewith.
The following Report was read and concurred in:
The committee on elections to whom was referred the petition of
L. D. Rogers, of Hillsborough county, contesting the seat of J. T.
Magbee, together with other papers connected therewith, report:
That after a careful examination of the documents and testimony
in the case, they find the following to be the essential facts. The
whole vote of the county as returned by the Judge of Probate, was
245, of which number J. T. Magbee received 93, L. D. Rogers, 89.
E. J. Hart, 60, J. Rogers, 2, and Louis Lanier, 1.
It appears from the evidence, that at Alifia precinct there was an
error in casting up the votes, by which Magbee was reported to have
received one vote more than he really received. It also appears
that the vote cast by William Davis for L. D. Rogers was an illegal
vote, the said Davis not being a qualified voter on account of non.
residence. Correcting the returns in these two instances, the cor-
rect vote for Magbee is 92, and for L. D. Rogers 88, giving Magbee
a majority of four votes. It also appears that there were some slight
irregularities in the conduct and returns of the inspectors of the elec.
tion, but none such as, in the opinion of the committee, to invalidate
the election. Some of the testimony laid before the committee was
rejected because it wa's not taken in accordance with the provisions
of the election law, but it is deemed proper to state that its admits.
sion would not have essentially affected the result.
The committee in conclusion, unanimously report that J. T. Mag.
bee was duly elected to represent the county of Hillsborough, and
they recommend that the petition of L. D. Rogers be denied, and
they ask to be discharged from its further consideration.
JNO. FINLAYSON,
Chairroan.
Mr. Long, from the Joint Select Committee on the part of the
House, appointed to draft joint rules for the government of both
Houses, reported the joint rules of last session without amendment;
Which report was received and concurred in. '
A message was received from the Senate, announcing the ap.
pointmentof Messrs. Baldwin and Averya Committee, to act with a
similar Committee on the part of the House, in examining the office
of Register of Public Lands, so far as relates to the accounts and
acts therein of the late incumbent, Maj. John Beard;








37

Which was read, and Messrs. Finlayson and Bryant appointed a
Committee to act on the part of the House.
Ordered, That the same be certified to the Senate.
The following Message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, December 3, 1850.
Hon. Speaker of the House of Representatives:
Sir-The Senate has passed the following bills, to wit:
Bill to be entitled an Act to change the name ofFrancis St. Johns.
Bill to be entitled an Act to change the name of Elizabeth Mc-
Caskill. Also,
Preamble and Resolutions relative to cases in admiralty.
Respectfully,
N. McPHERSON,
Sec'y Senate.
Which was read.
Senate preamble and resolutions relative to causes in admiralty
was read the first time, the rule waived, read a second time, and or-
dered for a third reading on to-morrow.
Senate bill to be entitled an Act to change the name of Elizabeth
McCaskill was read the first time and ordered forea second reading
on to-morrow.
Senate Bill to be entitled an Act to change the name of Francis
St..Johns was read the first time and ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled an Act to authorize Jason Gregory to estab.
lish a ferry across the Apalachicola river at Ochesee, in Calhoun
county, was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr. Kilcrease,
referred to the committee on judiciary.
A bill to be entitled an Act to empower Henry B. Davisca minor,
to assume the management of his own estate, was read the second
time, and ordered for a ihird reading on to-morrow.
On motion, the House adjourned until to-morrow, 11 o'clock, A. M.



WEDNESDAY, December 4, 1850.

The House met pursuant to adjournment and the roll being called
there was a quorum present.
After prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the journal of Tuesday was
read and approved.
Mr. Anderson gives notice that he will at some future day ask
leave to introduce a bill to be entitled an Act to amend the several
laws regulating the rates of interest.
Mr. Brownell gives notice that he will on some future day ask
leave to introduce a bill to amend the third section of the revenue
law in relation to taxable property in this State.
Mr. Wardlaw gives notice that he will ask leave to introduce a








bill to be entitled an Act to provide for the transmission of election
returns from the several election precincts in the county of Madison
Mr. Hawes gives notice that he will at some future day ask leave
to introduce a bill to be entitled an Act for extending the time for
making election returns in St. Lucie county.
Mr. Hawes gives notice that he will at some future day ask leave
to introduce a bill to be entitled an Act to provide for the cutting
through of the haul-over between Hillsborough and Indian rivers.
Mr. Steele gives notice that he shall on some future day ask leave
to introduce a bill more fully to regulate and define the duties of th
county commissioners for the county of Levy.
Mr. Long gives notice that he will on some future day introduce
a bill to be entitled an Act to amend the law now in force in rela.
tion to executions.
On motion of Mr. McCall Mr. Magbee was added to the judiciary
committee.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Bennett introduced a bill to be
entitled an Act to provide for the punishment of such persons as un.
lawfully issue change bills or notes under the denomination of one
dollar.
Which was read the first time, the rule waived and read a second
time.
On motion of Mr. Bryant the House resolved itself into a commit
tee of the whole for the consideration of said bill, Mr. Long in the
chair.
After some time spent in the consideration thereof, the committee
rose, and by its chairman reported the bill to the House with amend
ments;
Which report was concurred in, and the bill ordered to be engros
sed for a third reading on to-morrow.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Anderson introduced a bill to be
entitled an Act to authorize William H. Chase and Albert Golay to
cut a canal connecting the waters of Perdido river and the Grand
Lagoon.
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Shine introduced a bill to be en.
titled an act to incorporate a Bank in the city of Tallahassee.
On motion of Mr. Shine, the reading of said bill was dispensed
with, and 100 copies ordered to be printed.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Scott introduced a bill to be en
titled an Act to authorize Henry Hewitt to establish a ferry across
Choctawhatchie river at a place called Hewitt's Bluff, or Bear Head
Bluff.
Which was read the first time, the rule waived, read a second tie
by its title, and ordered to be engrossed for a third reading on tI
morrow.
Mr. Steele moved that the Chief Clerk be instructed to purchase











a lantern, and cause the same to be placed in the portico onthe west
side of the Capitol.
Which motion prevailed.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Anderson introduced a-bill to be
entitled an Act to authorize Henry Slayback, to establish a ferry
across Escambia Bay:
Which was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Brownell introduced a bill to be
entitled an Act to declare LaFayette and Four Mile creeks naviga-
ble streams:
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
On motion of Mr. Bradley, Mr. Magbee was added to the Com-
mittee on Indian Affairs.
On motion of Mr. Allen, Mr. Anderson was added to the Com-
mittee on Corporations.
Mr. Langford presented a petition from certain citizens of Madi-
son County, praying that Mr. Lawrence. Farrell be remunerated the
value of a certain, slave executed under the criminal laws of this
State;
Which was read, and referred to the Committee on Propositions
and Grievances.
Mr. Dilworth offered the following resolution :
Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
State of Florida, in General Assembly convened, That, on Tuesday
next, the 10th instant,' the two Houses proceed to the election of an
United States Senator for the State of Florida, to supply the vacan.
cy which will occur on the 4th of March next, in consequence of the
expiration of the term of the Hon. D. L. Yulee.
Mr. Bryant moved to strike out the words "Tuesday next, the
I0th instant," and insert the first Monday in January next;"
Which motion was lost.
Mr. Long moved to insert "and Judges," after the word Sena-
tor."
Mr. Bryant moved to lay the resolution on the table.
On which motion, the yeas and nays were called, and resulted as
follows :
YEAS-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Brett. Brownell, Brownr
Bryant, Geiger, Hopkins, Langford, Long, Mathers, 1Maxell, Plummer, Scott,.
Shine, Turner and Wilkinson-19.
NAYs-Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Burnham, Dilworth, Finlayson,
Hawes, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Lott, Magbee, Mc-
Call, Milton, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor and Wardlaw-20.
So said motion was lost.
The question being taken on Mr. Long's motion, it was lost..
Mr. Long moved that the resolution be indefinitely postponed;
Which motion was lost.
Mr. Long moved an adjournment until tomorroww. 10 o'clock.






4*7? 4.t ,...:

; On wh A iin, the yeas and 4AnWs l 'b... Messrs. Scot
and Long, an resulted as follows:
YrEi-MsrMs.- Baker, Brett, Brownell, Brown,; Geger, Long, Msxw"d
Plummer, Scott and Wilkinson-10.
NAYS---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Battle, Bennett, Bradley,
Bryant,'Burnham, Dilworth, Finlayson, Hawes, Hopkins, James S. Jones, Job
W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Langford, Lott, Magbee, Mathers, McCall, Miltot
Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner and Wardlaw---29.
So the House refused to adjourn.
Mr. Bryant moved to amend the resolution, so as to postpone the
election to the 20th instant;
Which motion was lost.
The resolution was then adopted.
Ordered, That the same be certified to the Senate.
Mr. Kilcrease offered the following resolution; which was adopt
ed:
Be it Resolved, That this House request that the State Librarian,
or other officer having charge of the same, be and is hereby request
ed to deliver to the Chairman of Committees such copies or books d
the State Library, as the said Chairman may require, his receipting
and being liable for the return of the same.
The Committee on Propositions and Grievances, to whom was re-
ferred the petition of James W. Piles, reported a bill to-be entitled
An Act for the relief of James W. Piles;
Which report was received and concurred in, and the bill read
the first time, and ordered for a second reading on to-morrow.
Mr. Anderson, from the Judiciary Committee, presented the fol.
lowing:
The Judiciary Committee to whom was referred a bill entitled An
Act to authorize Jason Gregory to establish a Ferry across the Ap.
alachicola River, at Ochesee, in Calhoun County," have had the
same under consideration, and report:
That they recommend that the word six in the 1st section, be
changed to ten, the effect of which amendment will be to extend the
privileges granted by the act from six to ten years.
With this amendment, they recommend that the bill bd passed.
WALKER ANDERSON,
Chairman Judiciary Committee.
Which was read and concurred in, and the bill therein referred
to placed among the orders of the day.
The following reports, from the Committee on Elections, were
read :
SThe Committee on Elections to whom was referred the petition
of Isaac P. Hardee, contesting the seat of Augustus Steele the sit-
ting member for the county of Levy, have had the same under con-
sideration, with the testimony relating thereto, and ask leave to
report:








41

That they have :.:.ni'ileiLJ the grounds upon which said HaIrdee re.
lies to support his cl:ini, in the order presented in his petition, and
report upon them as follows.
1st. He alleges that Peter Welch and John Miller, who voted at
the late election were not qualified voters. In reply to this it would
be sufficient to say that there is no evidence how either of these per-
sons voted, but the Committee are satisfied from the testimony of the
said Peter Welch himself, who is alleged to be a foreigner, that he
was but eight years old when he came to the United States, and that
his father was naturalized during his minority, and that thereby he
became a citizen of the United States, and having resided five years
at least in Florida, and six months in the county of Levy, was entitled
to vote. As to the allegation to John Miller, the Committee are sat-
isfied from the exhibition of an authenticated copy of his naturaliza.
tion papers, that he was a duly naturalized citizen.
2nd In relation to the allegation that John Parsons, and John Go-
mez, were not qualified voters, it is sufficient to say there is no evi-
dence whatever to sustain it.
3d. The third class of allegations apply to. the validity of the re-
turns from the Weekyva precinct, and the contestant claims that they
be rejected upon certain grounds which the Committee will consider
in their order.
In regard to the allegation that the name of Jackson Rawlinson was
on the poll book as having voted for Assemblyman, when he did not
vote: it is only necessary to say that the testimony on this point
was taken without any notice, and before a justice of the peace who
is not authorized by law to take testimony on this subject. It was
therefore wholly rejected by the Committee.
It is also alleged that Wm. R.'Hatcher, being a minor, put a bal-
lot in one of the boxes, which is not known. The testimony on this
point is that the vote was subsequently identified by the inspectors,
and was destroyed by them without being counted.
The next allegation is, that the boxes were taken away from the
place of holding the election, and detained for one hour.
This is sufficiently explained by the testimony of the inspectors
who say that on adjourning for dinner, the boxes were sealed up by
them and placed under lock and key in the same office where lthe
election was held. And it is neither alleged or proved that any in-
justice resulted from this to any one.
The allegation that James F. Thompson was permitted to thrust
his hand into the ballot box and take the ballots therefrom and then
returned, is proved by the testimony of Wm. J. Hart alone, and there
is no evidence or even allegation, that any injustice resulted, while
on the other hand one of the inspectors proves that the boxes except
when they were locked up were constantly in the keeping of the in-
spectors. The Committee have had before them much testimony
reflecting Upon the credibility of Hart, and as no distinct loss to the
contestant is charged from this act, and it does not appear that it was
6










done even during the time of taking in the votes, the Committee can-
not think it deserving of notice, at their hands, especially when it
appears that testimony, as in fact, is the case with all the testimony,
was taken exparte, no reasonable notice having been given to Mr.
Steele of the time and. place of taking it.
The Committee having gone over the entire ground covered by
the testimony before them, are satisfied that Augustus Steels is en-
titled to his seat as a member from Levy County, and they therefore
recommend that the petition of the contestant be denied.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
JNO. FINLAYSON,
A. T. BENNETT,
WALKER ANDEpRSON,
MILLS O. BURNHAM.
The undersigned, constituting a minority of the Committee on
Elections, dissenting from the views, sentiments and conclusion set
forth in the report of the majority of said committee, on the petition
of Isaac P. Hardee, contesting the seat of Augustus Steele, deem it
their duty, in a counter report, to 'present to this House, respectfully
but firmly, the reasons which impel them to entertain opinions es-
sentially different, and arrive at directly the opposite conclusions from
those expressed and set forth by the majority committee. The mi-
nority concur with the majority of said committee that the whole
number of votes polled in the county of Levy, for Assemblyman, was
fifty-six, and of this number Augustus Steele received twenty-nine
and Isaac P. Hardee received twenty-seven votes, as appears by the
canvass of the returns and the certificate of the Judge of Probate.-
But the undersigned essentially disagree with the majority of said
committee in the construction, effect and interpretation which they
give to the evidence, and contend that the weight of testimony not
only goes to prove irregularity in the manner and mode of conduct-
ing-the election, but clearly establishes, in the opinion of the under-
signed, such a degree of negligence and indifference on the part of
the inspectors, as obviously to defeat the ends of justice, and demon-
strate beyond controversy that fraud was wantonly perpetrated at
Weekyva precinct (No. 4).
The undersigned freely admit that the evidence does not sustain
the second allegation in the petition, as it does not show for whom
the votes of John Miller and Peter H. Welch, alleged and in the
opinion of the undersigned clearly proved to have been illegal, were
given. Entertaining no doubt, however, that these votes vere in
point of fact cast for Augustus Steele, and that the inspectors wilfully
erred in receiving them, no matter for whom they were given-
knowing, as they must have known from the evidence; that they
were illegal, is, in the opinion of the undersigned, a circumstance, it
not sufficient of itself to establish fraud, clearly to prove such an ob-
vious delinquency on the part of those entrusted with the manage-
ment of the election as can find no parallel or excuse by the sanction
or approval of this House.








43



But if this iiregularity was the only evidence of the negligence or
moral delinquency on the part of the inspectors in the performance
of their duty, the undersigned would be disposed to waive and over-
look the consequences, of their conduct, rather than.to incur the haz-
ard of doing injustice to the qualified voters, by striking out the 4th
precinct simply because two illegal votes were given, in the absence
of any evidence, other than presumptive, going to show whether Mr.
Hardee or Mr. Steele was the injured party. But as this error is
only a link in a chain of circumstances going to prove the establish-
ment of fraud, the undersigned strongly entertain the opinion that
public policy, as well as the ends of justice and the purposes of free
government demand that the votes cast at the 4th precinct should be
ruled out and set aside.
The undersigned arrive at this conclusion from the reflection that
this is a controversy in the result of which the cbntestor, Mr. Hardee,
and the sitting member, Mr. Steele, are not alone interested, but a
question to which the State, and especially the citizens of Levy are a
party. While the undersigned are willing to admit that the House,
in the absence of fraud, may, for the purpose of securing the ends of
justice and giving effect to the intentions of the people dispense with
the strict letter of the law, growing out of ignorance or the want of
due form and regularity on the part of those entrusted with the man-
agement of the election, yet they are unwilling to admit that the
House, in judging of the election and qualification of its members,
possesses the power to sanction or legalize a fraud.
To the end, therefore, that the House may understand the real
merits of the question at issue before they determine by their votes
to either sanction the conduct of the inspectors or administer to them
a rebuke, by disapproving of their action by striking out the Weekyva
precinct as fraudulent and void, the undersigned beg leave substan-
tially to,recapitulate the testimony submitted to the consideration of
,the committee.
(1.) That the ballot boxes on the day of election were removed
from the place of holding the election and retained for the space of
one hour, before they were returned. The evidence to prove this
averment, appears by the affidavits of Messrs. Davis and Hart-
by whom and for what purpose they were removed does not appear;
and with a view to disprove the statement, we have the counter affi-
davits of two of the inspectors, H. H. Johnson and John Gorree,
together with the affidavit of Mr. Hatcher, the clerk. They say, in
effect, that the polls were opened and closed between the usual hours,
and the election was conducted in a legal manner-that the ballot
,boxes were not removed at all-when the company adjourned for
dinner, they were sealed up, placed in the office where the election
was held, and remained there under lock and key, until the company
returned.
(2.) That the poll book on file in the Probate office, having been
exhibited to them by the Judge of Probate, is not the original poll of







44



the Weekyva precinct, and does not show a correct statement of the
vote there polled. To prove this, are the affidavits of Messrs. Davis
and William J. Moore, and to disprove it, are the counter affidavits
of the two inspectors and the clerk before mentioned. The under-
signed would here take leave to observe, without either admitting or
denying the principle, that more credibility should be given to the
affidavits of three than to two gentlemen, coming directly in conflict
with each other--but would only suggest, for the consideration of the
House, before they pronounce their final judgment in the premises,
that it would perhaps be well to consider the relative position of the
parties. In the opinion of the undersigned, the want of interest on
thle one hand is more than sufficient to counterbalance the preponde-
rance of numbers on the other. But to relieve the House from the
embarrassing predicament of deciding the delicate question, whether
credibility should be given to the evidence in this case, in proportion
to the preponderance of numbers, the undersigned would take leave
to observe, that their story is not yet half told. They aver that the
poll book on file in the Probate office exhibits the name of Jackson
Rawlison as having voted for Assemblyman, when, according to his
own affidavit, he only voted for Congressman and Register. There
is other evidence, showing that he was not a citizen of Levy,
which, in the opinion of the undersigned, is a circumstance going
to show that Mr. Rawlison did not consider himself that he was a
citizen of said county, and may be assigned as a reason why he did
not, as he says, vote for Assemblymen at all. It is further in evi-
dence, that William R. Hatcher voted at said precinct for Congress-
man and Register, and his name does not appear on the poll book at
all. This is a circumstance so remarkable, that the undersigned
have deemed it expedient to leave the matter without comment fiom
them, for the House to explain.
We will observe, however, that one of the inspectors, H. H. John-
son, in his allidavit explanatory ofthe matter, admits that one ticket
at least was placed in the ballot-box. Whether for Congressman,
Register, or Assemblymen, not known. When his vote being ob.
ejected to on account of not being of age, and no sufficient proof having
been produced that he was entitled to vote, his other tickets were refu-
sed by the inspectors, and in counting out the votes after the polls had
been closed, the inspectors identified the ticket and destroyed the same.
This, in the opinion of the undersigned, is of itself a sufficient badge
offraud to vitiate the poll at the Weekyva precinct.
But to cap the climax and to remove every shade of doubt that or-
der, regularity and fairplay did not prevail at the 4th precinct, one
James F. Thompson was permitted to put his hand in the ballot.box,
take therefrom the tickets, count them as appears by the affidavit of
Wm. J. Hart, not knowing whether they were all replaced in the
box from whence they had been surreptitiously abstracted or not.-
The undersigned having in a spirit of candor and fairness presented
the strong points of the testimony material to the issue, beg to be








45



discharged from the further consideration of the question, and leave
the House to determine whether the 4th precinct shall be ruled out
and set aside as fraudulent and void, and thereby give the seat to Mr.
Hardee, or remand the gentlemen back to their constituents and let
then decide the question for themselves. The undersigned, in pre-
senting this counter report, cast no censure upon the conduct of ei-
ther Messrs. Steele or Hardee, and respectfully ask that the same
be published with the report of the majority committee.
B. F. ALLEN,
W. M. MAXWELL,
Minority of Committee on Elections.
Which reports were received.
Mr. Finlayson moved a call of the House; which being ordered,
upon calling the roll, all the members were present.
On motion of Mr. Bryant, the majority and minority reports of the
Committee on Elections were laid on the table.
The following report from the Judiciary Committee was read and
concurred in:
The Committee on the Judiciary to whom was referred the petition
of E. D.' Howse, Sheriff of Marion County, together with the ac-
comp inying statement of the Judge of Probate, of said County,
asking to be reimbursed the expenses incurred in the defence of
certain suits, report:
That the loss incurred by the said Sheriff, appears to have been
the consequence of an error of judgment of said Sheriff in releasing
property upon which he had levied and taking in lieu thereof, cer-
tain promisory notes, which it subsequently appeared he had no right
to retain.
Though the Committee regret that a public officer should incur
loss in the honest discharge of his duty, they cannot assent to the
rule that he may look to the Legislature to relieve him from his mis-
takes.
They recommend that the prayer of the Petitioner be denied, and
ask to be discharged from its further consideration.
WALKER ANDERSON,
Chairman.
Mr. Baker, from the Committee on Enrolled and Engrossed Bills,
made the following report:
The Committee on Enrolled and Engrossed Bills report as correct-
ly Engrossed the following Bills:
A Bill to be entitled An Act to Incorporate the Pensacola and
Navy Yard Plank Road Company;
A Bill to be entitled An Act to Incorporate the Escambia Plank
Road Company; also,
As correctly Enrolled, a Resolution for the relief of Joel L. Lock-
hart.
BOLLING BAKER,
Chairman.









46



Mr. Anderson moved an adjournment until to-morrow, 10 o'clock,
A. M.;
Which was lost.
On motion of Mr. Scott, the House took recess until 3 o'clock, P.
M.

3 O'CLOCK, P. M.
The House met, a quorum present.
Senate transmitted the following bills as having passed that body:
A bill to be -entitled an Act to legitimate John Robert Geiger,
and a bill to be entitled an Act to amend the act incrrporativg the
city of Pensacola, approved March 2, 1839, which were read the
first time and ordered to a second reading to-morrow.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
Senate preamble and resolutions relative to cases in admiralty
were read the third time, and on the passage thereof the yeas and
nays.were as follows :
YEAs---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Battle, Bennett, Bradley, Brett,
Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Finlayson, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, James
S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcreasc, Langford, Long, Lott, MIagbee,
Mathers, McCall, Milton, Plummer, Scott, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Tur-
ner and Wardlaw---33.
N&Ys---None.
So the preamble and resolutions were adopted.
Senate bill entitled an Act to change the name of Elizabeth Mc.
Caskill was read the second time and ordered for a third reading to.
morrow.
Senate bill to be entitled an Act to change the name of Frances
St. Johns, was read the second time and ordered for a third reading
to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled an Act to empower Henry B. Davis, a minor,
to assume the management of his own estate, was read the third
time, and on the question of its passage the yeas and nays were
YEAs--Messrs. Anderson, Baker, Battle, Brett, Brown, Bryant, Bornham,
Geiger, Hawes, James S. Jones, Lott, Mathers, Plummer, Scott, Smith, Steele
and Turner---17.
NAYs---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Bennett, Bradley, Dilworth, Finlaysos, John
W. Jones, Kilcrease, Langford, Long, Magbee, McCall, Shine, Standley and
Wardlaw---14,
So the bill passed-title as stated.
A bill to be entitled an Act to authorize Jason Gregory to estab-
lish a ferry across Apalachicola river at Ochesee in Calhoun county,
was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading on to-morrow.
Mr. McCall moved an adjournment until to-morrow, 10 o'clock,
A. M., which was lost.







47



A bill to be entitled an Act to incorporate the Pensacola and Na-
vy Yard Plank Road Company, was read the third time, and on mo-
tion of Mr. Long, the House resolved itself into a committee of the
whole for the consideration of a special amendment thereto.
After deliberation, the committee rose, and by their chairman, Mr.
Bryant, reported the bill with amendment, and asked to be dischar-
ged from further consideration thereof; which report was received,
and the bill ordered for a third reading to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled an Act to incorporate the Escambia Plank
Road Company, was read the third time, and on the question of its
passage the vote was
YEAS---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Baker, Battle, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Finlayson, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins,
James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kilerease, Langford, Lott, Magbee, Mathers,
Maxwell, McCall, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Tur-
ner, and Wardlaw---33.
NAYS---None.
So the bill passed by the constitutional majority-title as stated.
On motion, the House adjourned until 10 o'clock, A. M. to-morrdw.



"THURSDAY, December 5, 1850.

The House met pursuant to adjournment, and the roll being
called, there was a quorum present.
After prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, thejournal of Wednesday was
read, amended and approved.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Steele introduced a bill, to be en-
titled An Act, to more fully define the rates of and duty of Pilots for
the Port of Cedar Keys ;
Which was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading on
to-morrow.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Steele introduced a bill to be en-
titled An Act to authorize James J. Meeks to establish a ferry across
the Withlaicoochee River;
Which was read the first time, and order for a second reading on
to-morrow.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Steele introduced a bill to be en-
titled An Act to establish a Circuit Court in Levy county ;
SWhich was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading on
to-morrow.
On motion a hundred copies were ordered to be printed.
Mr. Steele.gave notice that he shall at some future day, ask leave
to introduce a bill, to change the name of Robert Waterston, to that
of Robert W. Randell.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr, Wardlaw introduced a bill to be en-








48



titled An Act, to provide for the payment of Coroners' Juries, and for
other purposes ;
Which vws read the first time, and ordered for a second reading on
to-morrow.
Mr. James S. Jones gave notice that he will on some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill providing for the payment (with State scrip,)
ofthe Florida Volunteers, who served in the late disturbances with the
Seminole Indians.
Mr. Allen gave notice that he will on to-morrow or on some other
day, ask leave to introduce a bill for the benefit of'James Ponder.
Mr. Allen gave notice that he will on some future day, ask leave to
introduce a bill to amend the twenty third section of the third article,
and such other clauses of the Constitution as may be necessary to give
to the people the election of Comptroller and Treasurer, and such oth-
er State officers, as are now elected by the General Assembly.,
Mr. Baker gave notice that he will, on some futtire day, ask leave
to introduce a hill to be entitled An Act to Incorporate the Leon and
Gadsden Plank Road Company.
Mr. Baker gave notice that on some future day, he will ask leave
to introduce a bill to be entitled a general Act for the Incorporation of
Plank Road Companies throughout the State.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Bradley introduced a bill to be
entitled an Act to change the name of Benton county, to that of Her-
nando county;
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
'Mr. Long gives notice that he shall on some future day introduce
a bill to be entitled an Act to alter and amend the constitution of the
State of Florida.
Mr. Burnham gives notice that he will at some future day ask
leave to introduce a bill to be entitled an Act concerning the records
of St. Lucie county.
Pursuant to previous notice Mr. Scott introduced a bill to be en.
titled an Act to grant pre-emption rights to settlers on sundry lands,
approved January 12th, 1848;
Which was read once, rule waived and read a second time by its
title, and referred to the committee on Internal improvements.
Mr. Milton gives notice that he will on to-morrow introduce a bill
to repeal an Act entitled an Act supplemental to an Act entitled an
Act to grant gre-emption rights to settlers on State lands, passed at
the last session, approved January, 1849.
Mr. Magbee gives notice that he will on some future day ask
cave to introduce a bill for the benefit of Captains Sparkman, parker,
Bradley, and Mizell's companies Florida volunteers.
Pursuant to previous notice Mr. Wardlaw introduced a bill to be
entitled an Act to amend an Act entitled an Act incorporating towns;
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading on
to-morrow.







49



Pursuant to previous notice Mr. Plummer introduced a bill to be en-
titled an Act to amend the Act concerning roads and highways, &c.,
approved January 5th, 1847, especially for the county of Duval;
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading on
to-morrow.
Mr. Finlayson gave notice that he would on some future day ask
leave to introduce a bill to regulate the manner of weighing cotton
in this State.
On motion, the reports of the committee o'n elections were taken
from the table and placed first among the orders ofthe day.
Mr. Anderson presented a memorial of certain citizens ofEscam-
bia county praying an appropriation for the purpose of clearing out
Escambia river;
Which was read and referred to the committee on internal im-
provements.
Mr. Mathers presented a petition from Harman G. Harlan praying
the passage of an Act enabling practitioners of medicine under the In-
dian system to collect their fees by law, which was read.
Mr. Anderson moved that said petition be referred to the Committee
on Claims, which was lost.
On motion the petition was referred to the Committee on Proposi-
lions and Gr ie vaIces.
Mr. Hafwes I,:ll-red a resolution memorializing Congress to place
buoys in the channel of Musquito Bar ;
Which wa- read the first time and ordered for a second reading to-
morrow.
The following report was read :
The Committee on enrolled and engrossed bills, report as correctly
engrossed, the following bills viz:
.A Bill to be entitled an Act to provide for the punishment of such
persons as unlawfully issue change bills, or notes, under the denomina-
tion of one dollar;
A Bill to be entitled an Act to authorize Henry Hewitt to establish
a ferry across Choctawhatchie river, at a place called Hewitt's Bluff,
or Bear Head Bluft
A Bill to be entitled an Act to authorize Jason Gregory to establish
.a ferry across the Apalachicola river at Ochesee in Calhoun county.
BOLLING BAKER, Chairman.
Also the following:
The Select Committee to whom was referred the petition of citizens
"residing on New River, Columbia county, asking to be annexed to
Alachua county, beg leave to report they have had the same under
consideration, and from the facts therein presented, your committee
are of the opinion that the prayer of the petitioners should be granted,
and therefore recommend the passage of the accompanying bill, all of
which is respectfully submitted.
JOHN B. STANDLEY,
STEELE,
7 LANGFORD.








50



Which was concurred in, and the accompanying bill read the first
time, and ordered for a second reading to-morrow.
Mr. Finlayson moved a call of the House, which being ordered, up-
on calling the roll Mr. Milton was absent.
On motion of Mr. Anderson, the Sergeant-at-Arms was sent after the
absent member.
The following report was presented and read :
The Special Committee, to whom was referred the memorial and
Bill in reference to the pilot laws ofthe bar of St. John's river, re-
spectfully report:
That they have had the same under consideration, and find the bill
presented to them in its general features, corresponding with the me.
moral in their possession, and beg leave to return said bill to the
House without amendment with a recommendation that it be passed.
JAMES. W. BRYANT,
JAMES PLUMMER,
JAMES GEIGER.
December 3, 1850.
Which was concurred in, and the bill therein referred to, placed
among the orders of the day.
The Senate transmitted the following bill as having passed that
body :
A billto be entitled an Act to change the name of Roxanna Jones
to Roxanna Wheeler;
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
The following Message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, December 3, 1850.
Hon. Speaker of the House of Representatives :
Sir,-Messrs. Baldwin and Avery have been appointed a Com.
mittee on the part of the Senate, to act with a Committee ofthree
on the part of the House, in pursuance to the Act of January 6,
1849, to examine and report upon the office of Register of Public
Lands, so far as relates to the accounts and acts therein of Major
John Beard, late Register.
A message from the House was this day received by the Senate,
announcing that a Committee of two had been appointed by the
House to act, in accordance with the above, with the Committee on
the part of the Senate.
By order of the Senate, I am instructed to call the attention of
the House to the fact, that the act of 6th January, 1849, requires a
Committee of three on the part of the House to perform the duties
therein specified, and to request that the House will be pleased to
reconsider said matter.
Respectfully,
N. McPHERSON,
Secretary of the Senate.










Which was read.
The Speaker appointed Messrs. Finlayson, Alien and Baker a
Committee on the part of the House, to act in the matter therein re-
ferred to.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
The reports of the Committee on Elections, relative to the con-
tested election from Levy County, were taken up for consideration.
On motion of Mr. Scott, the House resolved itself into a Com-
mittee of the Whole in the consideration of the subject, in order to
avail the House of the benefit of the testimony at length.
After deliberation, the Committee rose, and by its chairman, Mr.
Long, reported the matter back to the House;
Which report was received.
It was proved that the House concur in the report of the major-
"ity.
Mr. Long moved to lay the question on the table. On which
motion, the yeas and nays were called by Messrs. Wilkinson and Fin-
layson, and were as follows :
YEAS---Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Gei-
ger, Hopkins, Langford, Long, Mathers, Maxwell, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Tur-
ner, Wilkinson-18.
NAYs--Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Burnham, Dil-
worth, Finlayson, Hawes, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease,
Lott, Magbee, McCall, Milton, Smith, Standley, Taylor, Wardlaw---20.
So the motion *as lost.
The question of concurrence being taken up, the yeas and nays
were as follows:
YEAs---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Burnham, Dil-
worth, Finlayson, Hawes, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease,
Lott, Magbee, McCall, Milton, Smith, Standley, Taylor, Wardlaw---20.
NAYs---Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Gei-
ger, Hopkins, Langford, Long, Mathers, Maxwell, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Tur-
ner, Wilkinson---18,
So the report was concurred in.
On motion, the House adjourned until 10 o'clock, A. M. to-morrow.


FRIDAY, December 6, 1850.
The House met pursuant to adjournment, and the roll being called
there was a quorum present.
After prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the journal of yesterday was
read, amended, and approved.
Mr. Wardlaw announced that Gen. C. H.. DuPont was present,
and moved that he be invited to take a seat within the bar of the
House;










Which motion prevailed, and Messrs. Wardlaw and Anderson
were appointed a committee to wait upon him and conduct him to a
seat.
On motion of Mr. Dilworth, leave of absence was granted to Mr.
Finlayson until Monday next.
Mr. Anderson moved that the Committee on Internal Improve-
ments be instructed to prepare a bill to provide for a general system
of Internal Improvements for the State of Florida;
Which motion prevailed.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Wardlaw introduced a bill to be
entitled an Act to provide for the transmission of election returns
from the several election precincts in the county of Madison ;
Which was read the first time and ordered for. a second reading
to-morrow.
Mr. Dilworth gave notice that on some future day he will intro-
duce a bill for the benefit of Dr. Thomas M. Palmer.
Also, a bill for the benefit of Drs. Taylor and Palmer.
Pursuant to previous notice Mr. Steele introduced a bill to be en-
titled an Act to change the name of Robert Waterston, of Levy coun-
ty, to that of Robert W. Randell;
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading
to-morrow.
Mr. James S. Jones gave notice that he will on some future day
ask leave to introduce a bill to incorporate the Alligator and Jack.
sonville Plank Road Company.
Mr. Lott gives notice that he will at some future day ask leave to
introduce a bill to amend the laws now in force in relation to Jus-
tice Courts.
Pursuant to previous notice Mr. Bryant introduced a bill tohe en-
titled an Act to repeal the 8th section of the 6th article of the con-
stitution of this State;
Which was read three times as of the first day and ordered for a
second reading on to-morrow.
Pursuant to previous notice Mr. Milton introduced a bill to be en-
titled an Act to repeal an Act entitled an Act supplemental to at Act
entitled an Act to grant pre-emption rights to settlers on State lands,
passed at the late session, approved January 12th. 1849; "
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
Mr. Allen gave notice that he will on to-morrow or some other
day, ask leave to introduce a bill to exempt the agencies of certain
insurance companies from taxation.
Mr. Long moved that the Committee on the Judiciary be instruc-
ted to inquire into the expediency of so amending the constitution as
to appropriate the funds arising from the sale of the seminary and in-
ternal improvement lands to common school purposes, and report by
bill or otherwise;
Which motion prevailed.








53



Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Allen introduced a bill to be en-
titled an Act for the benefit of James Ponder.
Which was read first time and ordered for a second reading on
to-morrow.
Mr. Baker presented a memorial from the Board of County Com-
missioners of Gadsden county, praying a loan from the School Fund
for the purpose of building a Court House;
Which was read, and on motion of Mr. Baker referred to a Select
Committee consisting of Messrs. Baker, Allen and Dilworth.
Mr. Bradley presented a petition from certain citizens of Benton
county, praying the passage of a bill to authorize George W. An-
dres to practice medicine in this State on the Thompsonian System;
Which was read, and on motion of Mr. Long referred to the Com-
mittee on Propositions and Grievances.
Mr. Wilkinson presented a petition from certain citizens of Santa
Rosa county, praying the passage of an Act to authorize Kinchen
P. Ellis to'peddle in this State without paying the license tax
Which was read and referred to the Committee on Propositions
and Grievances.
Mr. Milton offered a resolution for the relief of Isaac P. Hardee;
Which was read the first time, and, on motion of Mr. Bryant, the
rule waived, and read a second time.
Mr. Magbee moved that it be referred to the Committee on
Claims, on which motion the yeas and nays were called by Messrs.
Long and Magbee, and were as follows :
YEAs-Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Burnham, Dilworth, Hawes,
James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kilerease, Magbee, Standley, Wardlaw-12.
NAYs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baker, Battle, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant,
Geigeri Hopkins, Kenan, Langford, Long, Lott, Mathers, Maxwell, McCall, Mil-
ton, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Taylor, Turner, Wilkinson-24.
So the motion was lost.
Mr. McCall moved to amend the resolution by adding the follow.
ing :
Be it further resolved, That L. D. Rogers, the contestant fiom
Hillsborough county of the seat of J. T. Magbee, be allowed and paid
the sum of thirty-three- dollars for eleven days' attendance, and sev-
enty dollars for his travelling expenses from Hillsborough county to
thisplace, a distance of three hundred and fifty miles;
Which amendment was adopted.
On motion of Mr. Scott, the rules were waived and the resolution
read the third time.
On the question of its passage the vote was :
YEAS.--Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Bradley, Brett, Brownell,
Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, Langford, Long, Lott,
Mathers, Maxwell,'McCall, Milton, Plunmer; Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Tay-
lor, Turner. Wardlaaw, nd Wilkinson-29.








54



NAYs-Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Dilworth, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kil-
crease, and Magbee-7.
So the Resolution was adopted.
The following Report from the Committee on Indian Affairs, was
presented and read.
The Committee on Indian Affairs, to whom were referred so much of
the Governor's Message as relates to the subject of the removal
of the Seminole Indians from the State, and other subjects connec-
ted therewith, have had the same under consideration and ask
leave to report
That in the opinion of the Committee the evils which the State of
Florida has so long endured from the presence of these faithless sav-
ages within her borders, have become so intolerable, that the period
for argument has past, and the time for action has come.
Instead, therefore, of reiterating arguments and remonstances which
have been so long unheeded, and believing that the dignity of the
State of Florida, and the rights and safety of her citizens, demand
prompt and efficient action, the Committee have prepared a bill to
provide for the final removal of the Indians, which they herewith pre-
sent, and recommend its passage.
G. E. HAWES,
R. D. BRADLEY,
JOHN SCOTT,
JAMES W. BRYANT,
MILLS 0. BURNHAM,
JOHN MILTON,
JAMES T. MAGBEE,
BENJ. HOPKINS.
Which report was concurred in and accompanying Bill read the
first time and laid on the table, and 100 copies ordered to to be prin-
ted.
Mr. Anderson from the Judiciary Committee presented the follow-
ing report:
The Judiciary Committee to whom was referred so much of the
Governor's message as relates to a change in the organization of the
Courts in this State, have had the same under consideration, and, be-
lieving that it is highly expedient to have a separate Supreme Court
and that the expense attending its organization is within the finan-
cial means of the State, they have prepared a Bill organizing the
same, and recommend its passage.
W. ANDERSON,
Chairman.
Which was read and concurred in, and the accompanying bill
read the first time and laid on the table, and 150 copies ordered to
be printed.
The Senate transmitted, as having passed that body, a bill to be
entitled an Act to authorize Hiram Roberts, a minor, of Jackson








55



county, to assume the managementof his own estate, which was read
the first time, and ordered fora second reading to-morrow.

ORDERS OF THE DAY.
A bill to be entitled An Act to authorize Henry Hewitt.to estab.
lish a ferry across the Choctawhatchie river at Hewitt's Bluff;
Which was read third time, and on the question of its passage.
the vote was,
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Battle, Bennett, Brad-
ley, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins,
James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Langford, Lott, Magbee, Mathers,
Maxwell, McCall, Milton, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Taylor, Tur-
ner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson---34.
N-AYs---None.
So said bill.passed-title as stated.
Senate bill entitled An Act to authorize Hiram Roberts, a minor,
of Jackson County, to assume the management of his own estate,
and to contract and be contracted with, was read the first time, and
ordered for a second reading on to-morrow.
A billto be entitled An Act to provide for the punishment of such
persons as unlawfully issue change bills or notes under the denomi.
nation of one dollar, was read the third time, and on motion of Mr.
Bennett, the House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole,
for the consideration of a special amendment thereto.
After deliberation, the Committee rose, and by its chairman, Mr.
"Anderson, reported the bill back to the House with amendment, and
asked to be discharged from the further consideration thereof;
Which report was concurred in, and the bill ordered for a third
reading to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled an Act to authorize Jason Gregory to estalh-
lished a Ferry across the Apalachicola river, at Ocheese, in Cal-
houn County;
Which was read third time, and on question of its passage, tli
vote was:
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Battle, Bennett, Brad-
ley, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Burnham, Geiger, Hawes, James S. Jones, John
W. Jones, Kenan, Langford, Long, Lott, Magbee, Mathors, Maxwell, McCall,
Milton, Plummer, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and
"Wilkinson-33.
NAYs-None.
Kilohrease, blank-1
So said bill passed title as stated.
A bill to be entitled an Act to incorporate the Pensacola and
Navy Yard Plank Road Company;
Which was read third time, and on question of its passage the
vote was :








56



YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Battle, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, John W.
Jones, Kenan, Kilchrease, Langford, Long, Lott, Magbee, Mathers, Maxwell,
McCall, Milton, Plummer, Shine, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw,
and Wilkinson-33.
NAYs-None.
So said bill passed title as stated.
A bill to be entitled an Act to authorize William H. Chase and
Albert Golay to cut a cannal connecting the waters of the Perdido
River, and the grand Lagoon;
Which was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed
for a third reading to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled an Act for the relief of James W. Piles.
Which was read the second time and ordered to be engrossed foa
a third reading to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled an Act to declare Lafayette and Four mile
creek navigable streams;
Which was read the second time and ordered to be engrossed, for
a third reading to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled an Act to establish a Circuit Court in Levy
County;
Which was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed for
a third reading to-morrow.
On motion of Mr. Long, House adjourned until 10 o'clock to-mor.
row.

SATURDAY, December 7, 1850.
The House met pursuant to adjournment, and a quorum being
present, after prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the journal of yesterday
was read, amended and approved.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Lott introduced a bill to be en.
titled an Act to ascertain and define the boundary line of Calhoun
county ;
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading, I
Monday.
Mr. Bryant gave notice that he would on some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill granting a charter to the Jacksonville and
Alligator Plank Road Company.
Mr. Allen moved that a committee of two be appointed to ascer-
tain by what tenure the rooms above and below stairs are occupied,
with instructions to report to this House on Monday morning, whe.
other the same or any of them, can be used for the purpose of com.
anittee rooms;
Which motion prevailed, and Messrs. Allen and Shine were ap.
pointed a committee in accordance therewith.
Mr. Langford gave notice that he would on some future day, ask








5?

leave to introduce a bill to be entitled an Act to separate the office
of sherilfand tax assessor and collector of Madison county.
Mr. Hopkins gave notice that ori Monday or some future day, he
would introduce a bill to be entitled an Act to amend an Act incor-
porating the city of St. Augustine, approved 4th February, 1833.
On motion of Mr. Shine, the hill to be entitled an Act to incorpo.
rate a Bank in the city of Tallahassee, was taken from the table and
placed among the orders of the day.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Baker introduced a bill to be en-
titled an Act to incorporate the Leon and Gadsden Plank Road Com.
pany;
Which was read the first time, the rule waived, read a second
time by.its title, and ordered to be engrossed for a third reading on
Monday.
The following Message was received from His Excellency, the
Governor:
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,
December 6th, 1850.
To the Hon. Hugh Archer,
Speaker of House of Reps.

SIR: I have the honor to communicate to the House of Represen-
tatives, as the immediate representatives of the people, the accompa-
nying Preamble and Resolutions of the Southern Convention," at
its late session in the city of Nashville, with the letter of the Hon.
Charles J. McDonald, President of that body; which I have just re-
ceived, and, as requested, submit to the General Assembly for their
earliest action.
THO. BROWN.



MARIETTA Ga., December 2, 1850.
SiR: I have the honor to forward to you a copy of the preamble
and resolutions, adopted by the Southern Convention, at its late ses-
sion in Nashville. You will perceive that it was the expectation of
the Convention that this document would be laid before your Legis-
lature at as early a day as it may suit your Excellency's convenience.
With the hope that their proceedings may produce harmony of action,
among the States interested in the subject to which they relate,
I have the honor to be,
very respectfully,
your ob't serv't,
CHARLES J. McDONALD.
Governor of Florida.
8








58



Preamble and Resolutions of the Southern Convention.
Southern Convention, ?
Nov. 18th, 1850.
The following Preamble and Resolutions were reported by the Com-
mittee on Resolutions, and adopted by the Convention:
Wr, the delegates assembled from a portion of the States of this
Confederacy, make this exposition of the causes which have brought
us together, and of the rights which the States we represent are en-
titled to under the compact of union.
We have amongst us two races, marked by such distinctions of
color, and physical and moral qualities, as forever forbid their living
together on terms of social and political equality.
The black race have been slaves from the earliest settlement of
our country, and our relations of master and slave have grown up
from that time. A change in those relations must end in convulsion,
and the entire ruin of one or both races.
When the constitution was adopted, this relation of master and
slave, as it exists, was expressly recognized and guarded in that in-
strument. It was a great and vital interest involving our very exis-
tence as a separate people, then as well as now.
The States of this Confederacy acceded to that compact each one
for itself, and ratified it as States.
If the non-slaveholding States, who are parties to that compact,
disregard its provisions, and endanger our peace and existence by
united and deliberate action, we have a right, as States, there being
no common arbiter, to secede.
The object of those who are urging on the Federal Government in
its aggressive policy upon our domestic institutions, is, beyond all
doubt, finally to overthrow them, and abolish the existing relation be-
tween master and slave. We feel authorized to assert this from their
own declarations, and from the history of events in this country for
the last few years.
To abolish slavery or the slave trade in the District of Columbia-
to regulate the sale and transfer of slaves between the States-to ex-
'clude slaveholders with their property from the territories-to admit
California under the circumstances of the case, we hold to be all parts
of the same system of measures, and subordinate to the same end
they have in view, which is openly avowed to be, the total overthrow
of the institution.
We make no aggressive move. We stand upon the defensive._
We invoke the spirit of the Constitution, and claim its guaranties.-
Our rights-our independence-the peace and existence of our fami-
lies-depend upon the issue.
The Federal Government has within a few years acquired, by
treaty and by triumphant war, vast territories. This has been done
by the councils and the arms of all, and the benefits and rights be-
long alike and equally to all the States. The Fedeial Government








59



is but the common agent of the States united, and represents their
conjoined sovereignty over subject matter granted and defined in the
compact.
The authority it exercises over all acquired territory, must, in good
faith, be exercised for the equal benefit of all the parties. To pro-
hibit our citizens from settling there with the most valuable part of
our property, is not only degrading to us as equals, but violates our
highest constitutional rights.
Restrictions and prohibitions against the slaveholding States, it
would appear, are to be the fixed and settled policy of the Govern-
ment-and those States that are hereafter to be admitted into the
Federal Union from their extensive territories will but confirm and
increase the power of the majority; and he knows little of history
who cannot read our destiny in the future if we fail to do our duty
now, as free people.
We have been harassed and insulted by those who ought to have
been our brethren, in their constant agitation of a subject vital to us
and the peace of our families. We have been outraged by their
gross misrepresentations of our moral and social habits, and by the
manner in which they have denounced us before the world. We
have had our property enticed off, and the means of recovery denied
us by our co-States. We have been denied our rights in the Ter-
ritories of the Union, which we were entitled to as political equals
under the constitution. Our peace has been endangered by incen-
diary appeals. The Union instead of being considered a fraternal
bond, has been used as the means of striking at our vital interests.
The admission of Califbrnia, under the circumstances of the case,
confirms an unauthorized and revolutionary seizure of public domain,
and the exclusion of near half the States of the Confederacy from
equal rights therein-destroys the line of 36 30 which was originally
acquiesced in as a matter of compromise and peace, and appropriates
to the Northern States 120,000 square miles below that line, and is
so gross and palpable a violation of the .principles of justice and
equality as to shake our confidence in any security to be given by that
majority who are now clothed with power to govern the future des-
tiny of this confederacy.
The recent purchase of territory by Congress from Texas, as low
down as 3' degrees on the Rio Grande, also indicates that the boun-
daries ofthe slaveholding States are fixed, and our doom prescribed,
so far as it depends upon the will of a dominant majority, and nothing
"now can save us from a degraded destiny but the spirit of freemen
who know their rights and are resolved to maintain them, be the
consequences what they may.
We have no powers that are binding upon the States we represent.
But in order to produce system and concerted action, we recommend
the following resolutions, viz:
Resolved, That we have ever cherished, and do now cherish, a
"cordial attachment to the constitutional Union of the States, and that








60

to preserve and perpetuate that Union unimpaired, this Convention
originated and has now re-assembled.
Resolved, That the Union of the States is a Union of equal and
independent sovereignties, and that the powers delegated to the Fed.
oral Government can be resumed by the several States, whenever it
may seem to them proper and necessary.
Resolved, That all the evils anticipated by the South, and which
occasioned this Convention to assemble, have been realized by the fail-
ure to extend the Missouri line of Compromise to the Pacific Ocean;
by the admission of California as a State ; by the organization of ter-
ritorial governments for Utah and New Mexico, without giving ade-
quate protection to the property of the South ; by the dismemberment
.of Texas; by the abolition of the slave-trade and the emancipation
of slaves carried into the District of Columbia for sale.
Resolved, That we earnestly recommend to all parties in the
slaveholding States, to refuse to go into or countenance any National
Convention, whose object may be to nominate candidates for the
Presidency and vice Presidency of the United States, under any party
denomination whatever, until our constitutional rights are secured.
Resolved, That in view of these aggressions, and of those threat-
ened'and impending, we earnestly recommend to the slaveholding
States, to meet in a Congress or Convention, to be held at such time
and place as the States desiring to be represented may designate, to
be composed of double the number of their Senators and Representa.
tives in the Congress of the United States, entrusted with full power
and authority to deliberate and act with the view and intention of
arresting farther aggression,, and, if possible, of restoring the Con-
stitutional rights of the South; and if not, to provide for their future
safety and independence.
Resolved, That the President of this Convention be requested to
forward copies of the foregoing preamble and resolutions to the Gov.
:ernors of each of the slaveholding States of the Union, to be laid be-
fore their respective Legislatures at their earliest assembling.
Which was read.
On motion, the accompanying papers were ordered to be spread
on the journals, and 500 copies ordered to be printed for the use of
the House.
On motion, said papers were referred to the committee on Fede-
ral Relations.
The following Message was received from His Excellency, the
Governor:
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,
December 6, 1850.
To the Hon. Hugh Archer,
Speaker of the Ho. Reps :
Sir-I have this day approved and signed a resolution for the re.
lief of Joel L. Lockhart, which I have caused to be deposited in the
office of the Secretary of State.
THO. BROWN.









61



Which was read.
Mr. Maghee gave notice that he would on some future day ask
leave to introduce a bill for the payment of the remaining debt of the
State of Florida for supplies furnished the Florida troops operating
against the Seminole Indians of said State.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Alien introduced a bill to be en-
titled an Act to exempt agents of foreign insurance companies from
taxation;
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading
on Monday.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Steele introduced a bill to be en-
titled an Act to unite the duties of sheriff and tax assessor and tax
collector in the county of Levy ;
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading
on Monday.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Brownell introduced a bill to be
entitled an Act to amend an Act relating to the duties of tax asses-
sors and tax collectors and for other purposes;
Which was read the first time and ordered for a second reading
on Monday.
Mr. Bryant introduced a resolution in respect to the time when
the term of office of the present Governor of this State expires.
Which, on motion of Mr. Bryant, was laid on the table.
The following Message was received from His Excellency, the
Governor:
EXECUTIVE OFFICE,
Tallahassee, December 7th, 1850.
Gentlemen of the Senate
and House of Representatives:
I have the satisfaction herewith to communicate to the General
Assembly a letter received by the Executive from the Commissioner
of the General Land Office, with a copy of his instructions to the
Surveyor General of this State in regard to the provisions of the late
act of Congress entitled An Act to enable the State of Arkansas
and other States to reclaim the swamp lands within their limits."-
Under the liberal construction placed upon this law by the United
States authorities, you will not fail to perceive that the grant is one
of large value, and that some action on our part is necessary to se-
cure all its benefits.
The Surveyor General is instructed to "make out a list of all the
lands thus granted to the State, designating those which have been
sold or otherwise disposed of since the passage of the law and the
price paid for them when purchased. The only reliable data in your
possession, (continues the Commissioner,) from which these lists
can be made out, are the field notes of the Surveyors on file in your
office; and if the authorities of the State are willing to adopt these
as the basis of those lists, you will so regard them. If not, and those
authorities furnish you with satisfactory evidence that any lands are








62



of the character embraced by the grant, you will so report them."
And in his letter to the Executive the Commissioner remarks, you
will perceive that by these instructions the Surveyor General is au-
thorized to receive such reliable evidence of the character of any of
these lands as may be presented by the authorities of the State ; and,
as many of the lands were probably surveyed at dry seasons, and
hence are not represented by the descriptive notes or plats as being
of that character [i. e. swamp or overflowed lands] I have supposed
that it may be a matter of sufficient importance to induce you to call
upon the county surveyors or other respectable persons of your State,
for a statement, under oath, of the swamp or overflowed lands in their
respective counties. Such testimony, you perceive, will be regarded
as establishing the facts in the case."
These considerations render it important that some provision should
at once be made for the employment of discreet and intelligent agents
for the location of these lands, in each of the counties. In making
these locations it will, moreover, be essential, that accurate plats
of survey, should be obtained. By the act organizing the State Reg-
ister's office, it is made the duty of the Register to obtain the neces.
sary maps, but I would suggest whether it might not be proper to
apply to Congress to furnish this State with complete and accurate
plats and maps of survey in Florida, either from the Bureau of the
General Land Office, or from the office of the Surveyor-General;
and that a small appropriation be made for this purpose, to be used,
if necessary.
The terms of the act making this grant declare That the proceeds
of said lands, whether from sale or direct appropriation, shall be ap.
plied exclusively, so far as necessary, to the purpose of reclaiming
said lands by means of levees and drains aforesaid." To comply
with this condition, some provision should be made for a scientific
reconnoisance of these lands. Indeed, it may with truth be said that
no reasonable estimation can be formed of the value of the grant,
until such reconnoisance shall have been made. In relation to the
Ei; -' I. -. for example, no approximate conjecture as to their
value can be made, until the practicability and cost of their drain-
age shall have been ascertained and the submerged soil tested by
scientific analysis. I therefore recommend that provision be made
for the appointment of a competent Topographical Engineer and
Geologist, combined if possible in the same person, who should be
charged with appropriate duties arising under this grant, as well as
such other as might occur under the operations of the State Board of
Internal Improvements, (should one be created,) and any general
system of internal improvement which may be adopted.
It is probable also that this act of Congress will largely augment
the duties and responsibilities of the State Register, and I therefore
think it will be proper to authorize the appointment of another clerk
in that office, when the business shall be found to require it.
Without indulging any extravagant anticipations, I cannot doubt








63



that this grant, under the construction placed upon it by the United
States authorities, if efficient means be taken fully to avail ourselves
of its provisions, and a wise, prudent and patriotic policy be adopted
in the management and disposal of the accruing lands, will bring to
our young Commonwealth a munificent fund, adequate, with previous
giants and a just and proper co-operation on the part of the people,
to any general system of public improvement which your wisdom may
devise. And I hope to be acquitted of presumption or egotism, if I
venture again to urge upon you the imperative necessity of early tak-
ing such action as shall pre-occupy the minds and concentrate the
energies of the people upon some general system of Internal Improve-
ment, before local and disconnected projects shall arise to divide and
distract us. Without some such decisive action on your part, I am
confident that your successors will be found individually pledged to
such projects, disconnected, differing, and it may be, in some cases,
antagonistic; many of which, by combinations common in Legisla-
tive bodies may be carried, and in the end, the whole munificent In-
ternal Improvement Fund, (considerable as it will be, even if the
General Assembly make another disposition of the swamp land grant,)
be expended with a scarcely better result, than the creation or em-
bittering of local and sectional jealousies-of angry and selfish contro-
versies, and the constant unsettling and disturbance of every political
element in the State. It is a question of general and harmonious co-
operation, or of clashing interests, which will multiply, and embitter
with years ; and the fund instead of developing the resources of the
State and the energies of a united people, become a source of posi-
tive evil-an occasion for the exhibition and strengthening of all those
discreditable feelings, which the contending interests of men and
communities are so apt to engender. I plead the importance of these
considerations as my apology for again bringing them to the notice
of the General Assembly.
Your fellow-citizen, and ob't ser'vt,
THOMAS BROWN.

Letter from the Commissioner of the General Land Office to the
Governor of Florida.
GENERAL LAND OFFICE,
November 21, 1850.
Sir: I have the honor to enclose you a copy of the instructions
this day sent to the Surveyor General of your State, for the selection
of the swamp and overflowed lands to which the State will be enti-
tled by the act of 28th September, 1850.
You will perceive that, by these instructions, the Surveyor Gene-
ral is authorized to receive such reliable evidence of the character of
any of these lands as may be presented by the authorities of the
State; and as many of the lands were probably surveyed at dry
seasons, and hence are not represented by the descriptive notes or
plats as being of that character, I have supposed that it may be a mat-








64



ter of sufficient importance to induce you to call upon the County
Surveyors, or other respectable persons of your State, for a state-
ment, under oath, of the swamp or overflowed lands in their respect.
tive Counties.
Such testimony, you perceive, will be regarded as establishing the
facts in the case, and on receipt of the reports of the Surveyor Gene-
ral, lists of the lands will be prepared, as required by the act, sub-
mitted for the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, and plats
and patents for the lands thus approved will at once be prepared and
forwarded to you.
With great respect,
your obedient servant,
J. BUTTERFIELD,
Commissioner.
His Excellency the GOVERNOR of Florida.


Instructions to the Surveyor-Gencral of Florida.
GENERAL LAND OFFICE,
November 21, 1850.
Sir: By the act of Congress entitled An Act to enable the State
of Arkansas and other States to reclaim the swamp lands' within
their limits," approved September 28, 1850, it is directed That, to
enable the State of Arkansas to construct the necessary levees and
drains to reclaim the swamp and overflowed lands therein, the whole
of those swamp and overflowed lands made thereby unfit for culti-
vation, which shall remain unsold at the passage of this act, shall be
and the same are hereby granted to said State."
1st. By the 4th section of this act, it is directed that the provis.
ions of it shall be extended to, and their benefits he conferred upon,
each of the other States of the Union, in which such, swamp and
overflowed lands may be situated.
2d. And that in making out a list and plats of the lands afore-
said, all legal sub-divisions, the greater part cf which is wet and un-
fit for cultivation,' shall be included in said list and plats ; but when
the greater part of a sub-division is not of that character, the whole of
it shall be excluded therefrom."
This act clearly and unequivocally grants to the several States
those lands which, from being swampy and subject to overflow, are
unfit for cultivation. In this class is included also all lands which,
though dry part of the year, are subject to inundation at the plant-
ing, growing or harvesting season, so as to destroy the crop, and
therefore are unfit for cultivation, taking the average of the seasons,
for a reasonable number of years, as the rule of determination.
You will please make out a list of all the lands thus granted to the
State, designating those which have been sold or otherwise disposed
of since the passage of the law, and the price paid for them when
purchased.








65



The only reliable data in your possession, from which these lists
can be made out,.are the field notes of the surveys on file in your
office ; and if the authorities of the State are willing to adopt these'
as the basis of those lists, you will so regard them. If not, and
those authorities furnish you satisfactory evidence that any lands
are of the character embraced by the grant, you will so report
them.
The following general principles will govern you, in making up
these lists, to wit:
Where the field notes are the basis, and the intersections of the
lines of swamp or overflow with those of the public surveys alone
are given, those intersections may be connected by straight lines,
and all legal subdivisions, the greater part of which are shown by
these lines to be within the swamp or overflow, will be certified to
the State, the balance will remain the property of the Government.
Where the State authorities may conclude to have the surveys
made, to determine the boundaries of the swamp or overflowed lands,
those boundaries alone should be surveyed, taking connections with
the nearest section or township corners ; or where the swamp or
overflowed lands are on the borders of a stream or lake, the stream
or lake could be meandered, and ordinates surveyed atsuitable inter-
vals from the borders of the stream or lake to the margin of the
swamp or overflowed lands, and by connecting the ends of those or-
dinates next to that margin by straight lines, the boundaries of the
swamp or overflowed lands can be ascertained with sufficient accu-
racy. In no case, however, should any such boundaries or ordinates
be marked in the field, as they may produce difficulty in determi-
ning the lines and corners of the public surveys hereafter, and thus
lead to litigation. The selections in all these cases will be made as
before directed. Where satisfactory evidence is produced that the
whole of a township, or of any particular and specified part of a
township, or the whole of a tract of country bounded by specified sur-
veyed or natural boundaries, is of the character embraced by the
grant, you will so report it. The adjacent subdivisions, however, to
be subject to the regulations above given; and in every case under
such rule or principle herein prescribed, forty acre lots or quarter
quarter sections will be regarded as the legal sub-divisions contem-
plated by the law.
The affidavits of the County Surveyors, and other respectable per-
sons, that they understand and have examined the lines, and that the
lands bounded by lines thus examined and particularly designated in
the affidavit, are of the character embraced by the law, should be
sufficient.
The line or boundary of the overflow, that renders the land unfit
for regular cultivation, may be adopted as that which regulates the
grant.
You will make out lists of these lands as early as practicable, ac-
cording to the following form, one copy of which you will transmit
9









66



to the land officers, and another to this office. The lands selected
should be reserved from sale, and after those selections are approved
by the Secretary of the Interior, the Register should enter all the
lands so selected in his tract books as "granted to the State by act of
28th September, 1850, being swamp or overflowed lands," and on
the plats enter on each tract State act, 28th September, 1850."-
Copies of the approved lists will be sent to the Registers for this
purpose. Your early attention is requested in this matter, that the
grant may be disposed of as speedily as possible.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
(Signed,) J. BUTTERFIELD,
Commissioner.
B. A. PUTNAM, Esq.,
Surveyor General, St. Augustine, Florida.

PART OF SECTION. Section. Township. Range. Remarks.

CHAP. 84.-AN ACT to enable the State of Arkansas and other States to
reclaim the swamp lands" within their limits.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-
tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That
to enable the State of Arkansas to construct necessary levees and
drains to reclaim the swamp and overflowed lands therein, the whole
of those swamp and overflowed lands, made unfit thereby for cultiva-
tion which shall remain unsold at the passage of this act,. shall be,
and the same are hereby, granted to said State.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty ofthe
Secretary of the Interior, as soon as may be practicable after the pas.
sage of this act, to make out an accurate list and plats of the lands
described as aforesaid, and transmit the same to the Governor of the
State of Arkansas ; and at the request of said Governor cause a pa-
tent to be issued to the State therefore; and on that patent, the fee
simple to said lands shall vest in the said State of Arkansas, subject
to the disposal of the Legislature thereof: Provided however, Tnat
the proceeds of said lands, whether from sale or by direct appropria.
ation in kind, shall be applied, exclusively, as far as necessary, to the
purpose of reclaiming said lands by means of the levees and drains
aforesaid.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That in making out a list
and plats, of the land aforesaid, all legal sub-divisions, the greater
part of which is wet and unfit for cultivation," shall be included in
said list and plats ; but when the greater part of a sub-division is not
of that character, the whole of it, shall be excluded therefiom.
Sec." 4. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of this act
be extended to, and their benefits be conferred upon each of the other
States of the Union in which such swamp and overflowed lands.
known and designated'as aforesaid may be situated.
Approved September 28, 1850.








67



Which was read and laid on the table, and 100 copies ordered to
be printed.
Mr. Wardlaw from the Committee on Propositions and Grievan-
ces presented the following report:
The Committee on Propositions and Grievances to whom was re-
ferred the petition of Harman G. Harlan, beg leave to Report:
That they have had the same under consideration, and are of opin.
ion that the prayer of the petitioner should be granted, and ask leave
to be discharged from the further consideration of the subject.
B. F. WARDLAW,
Chairman.
Which was read, and on motion of Mr. Baker, the petition there-
in referred to referred back to the committee with instructions to re-
report a bill in accordance therewith.
Mr. Baker, from the Committee on Enrolled and Engrossed Bills,
presented the following report:
The Committee on Enrolled and Engrossed Bills, report as cor-
rectly engrossed the following bills, viz:
A bill to be entitled an Act to declare Lafayette and Four Mile
Creeks navigable streams.
A bill to be entitled an Act to authorize William H. Chase and
Albert Golay to cut a canal connecting the waters of Perdido River
and the Grand Lagoon.
A bill to be entitled an Act to establish a circuit court in Levy
county.
A bill to be entitled an Act to provide for the punishment of such
persons as unlawfully issue change bills or notes under the denomi-
nation of one dollar.
A bill to be entitled an Act for the relief of James W. Piles.
BOLLING BAKER,
Chairman.
Which was read, and the bills therein mentioned placed among
the orders of the day.
The following report was read :
The Select Committee, to whom was referred a bill to be entitled An
Act for the benefit of the scrip-holders of the late Territory of
Florida, report:
That they consider it a settled principle, that no change or changes
in a Government shall vitiate or make void any just claims that may
have accrued against the community or State, under or during the
existence of any of the organized forms through which said Govern-
ment may have passed. The only question, then, to be considered,
is whether the claims are just-and if they be, whether they have
been paid. The facts may be easily ascertained. The certificates
of the legally authorized officers must, in good faith, be accredited as
sufficient evidence that the services for which compensation is claimed
were rendered. The books of the Comptroller will show whether
warrants were ever issued ; and in cases of such issue, the Treas.









urer's books will show whether such warrants were ever liquidated.
In regard to 'one class of claims, namely, those which are in the form
of warrants issued by the Auditor of the late Territorial Government,
the State cannot hesitate, without a palpable violation of public faith.
In such cases, all the requisitions of law have been fully observed
and complied with, and, therefore, any attempt to evade, or even to
postpone to an unreasonable period, the payment of these just liabili.
ties, would be an act of repudiation, at once injurious to public credi-
tors, and derogatory to the character of this State. The injustice and
impropriety of such a course will be obvious upon very little reflect.
tion. The claims against the State are, fbr the most part, for services
rendered in prosecutions for crimes and misdemeanors. The fines,
penalties and forfeitures in these cases went into the public treasury,
and thence into that of the State. By resolution No 27 of Assembly,
approved December 27, 1845, it is made the duty of the Comptroller
to collect all such dues, and yet, thus far, up to this hour, no provis.
ion has been made for paying the trifling compensation justly due to
those whose services, rendered in money and in time, were available
to the.State in the cases referred to.
Under the circumstances, the Committee recommend the passage
of the bill submitted to them.
JAMES W. BRYANT,
W. ANDERSON,
JOHN MILTON.
Which was concurred in, and the accompanying bill read second
time, and on motion of7 Mr. Bryant laid on the table and 100 copies
ordered to be printed.
Mr. Baker announced that J. C. McGehee was present, and tnoved
that he be invited to take a seat within the bar of this House, which
motion prevailed, and Messrs. Baker and Scott appointed a Committee
to wait upon Mr. McGehee and conduct him to a seat.
On motion of Mr. Bryant, the vote of the House ordering to be
printed 100 copies of a bill to be entitled an Act for the benefit ot
the scrip holders of the late Territory of Florida, was reconsidered
and on motion of Mr. Bryant, 75 copies thereof were ordered to be
printed.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
A Bill to be entitled an Act to authorize Henry Slayback to es.
tablish a ferry across Escambia Bay, was read the second time and
ordered to be engrossed for a third reading on Monday.
Senate bill to be entitled an Act to legitimate John Robert Geiger;
Was read the second time, and ordered for a third reading on Mon.
day.
Senate bill to be entitled an Act to amend an Act, incorporating the
City of Pensacola, approved, March 2d, 1839 ;
Was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr. Anderson the
House resolved itself into a Committee of the whole, for the consider.
nation thereof,







69



After deliberation, the Committee rose and, by its chairman, Mr.
Bennett, reported the bill back to the House with amendment, and
asked to be discharged from the further consideration thereof;
Which report was concurred in, and the bill ordered for a second
reading on Monday.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act to change the name of Elizabeth
McCaskill was read the third time, and on the question of its passage,
the vote was,
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Battle, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, James
S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Langford, Lott, Magbee, Mathers,
Maxwell, McCall, Plummer, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner,
Wardlaw and Wilkinson-33.
NAys-None.
So the bill passed--title as stated.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act to change the name of Francis
St. Johns, was read the third time, and on the question of its passage,
the vote was,
YEAS---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Battle, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, James S.
Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilerease, Langford, Lott, Magbee, Mathers,
Maxwell, McCall, Plummer, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner,
Wardlaw and Wilkinson-33.
NAys --None.
So the bill passed--title as stated.
A bill to be entitled An Act to regulate the pilotage of the bar of
the river St. Johns, was read the second time, and ordered to be en-
grossed for a third reading on Monday.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act to change the name of Roxana
Jones to Roxana Wheeler, was read the second time, and ordered for
a third reading on Monday.
A bill altering the boundary line between the Counties of Colum-
bia and Alachua, was read the second time, and on motion of Mr.
James S. Jones, was referred back to the Select Committee having
charge of the subject, for certain purposes.
The resolution memorializing Congress to place buoys, in the
channel of Musquito Bar, was read the second time, and ordered for
a third reading on Monday.
A bill to be entitled An Act to amend An Act entitled An Act con-
cerning roads and highways, &c., approved January 5, 1847, espe-
cially for the County of Duval, was read the second time.
Mr. Steele moved that 75 copies'of said bill be printed;
Which motion was lost.
On motion, the bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third read.
ing on Monday.
A bill to be entitled An Act to repeal An Act entitled An Act to










'compel the Judges of the Circuit Courts to hold the terms of Court
at the times and places prescribed by law, was read the second
time, and, on motion of.Mr. Bryant, referred to the Committee on
the Judiciary.
A bill to be entitled An Act to amend An Act entitled An Act in-
corporating towns, was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr.
Anderson, referred to the Committee on Corporations.
A bill to be entitled An Act to authorize James J. Weeks to estab-
lish a ferry across the Withlacoochee river, was read the second
time, and ordered to be engrossed for a third reading on Monday.
A bill to be entitled An Act to amend An Act to more fully define
the rates of and duty of pilots for the port of Cedar Keys, was read
the second time, and ordered to be engrossed for a third reading on
Monday.
A bill to be entitled An Act to provide for the payment of coro.
near's juries, and for other purposes, was read the second time, and, on
motion of Mr. Wardlaw, referred to the Judiciary Committee.
A bill to be entitled An Act to provide for the transmission of elec-
dion returns from the several election precincts in the County of Madi-
son, was read the second time, and, on motion of Mr. Maxwell, the
House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole, for the consid.
eration thereof.
After deliberation, the Committee rose, and by its chairman, Mr.
Allen, reported the bill back to the House with amendments, and
asked to be discharged fi-om the further consideration thereof.
Which report was concurred in, and, on motion of Mr. Wardlaw,
the bill was referred to a Select Committee, consisting of Messrs.
Wardlaw, Steele and Maxwell.
On motion, the House adjourned until Monday, 10 o'clock, A.
M


MONDAY, December 9, 1850.
The House met pursuant to adjournment, and a quorum being
present, after prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the minutes of Satur-
day were read, amended and approved.
On motion of Mr. Kenan, leave of absence was granted to Mr.
Battle until to-morrow.
On motion of Mr. Long, the bill entitled An Act to repeal At, Act
supplementary to An Act entitled An Act to grant pre-emption rights
to settlers on State lands, passed at the present session, approved
January 12, 1848, was made the special order for to-day.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Bryant introduced a bill to be en.
titled An Act to incorporate the Jacksonville and Alligator Plank
Road Company;
Which was read first time by its title, and 75 copies ordered to be
Oriented.









71



Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Hopkins introduced a .bill to be
entitled An Act to amend An Act incorporating the City of St. Au-
gustine, approved 4th February, 1833 ;
Which was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
Mr. Bryant moved that the Chief Clerk of this House be author.
ized to employ an Assistant Clerk, to receive the same compensation
as the first Assistant Clerk will receive.
Mr. Anderson moved to lay said motion on the table;
Which was carried.
On motion of Mr. Hopkins, the bill entitled An Act to provide for
the final removal of the Indians now remaining in Florida beyond
the limits of the State, was made the special order for to-day.
Mr. Allen presented a petition from T. K. Leonard, Captain of
the Miccosukie Cavaliers, praying to be relieved from liability on
account of the loss of arms furnished said Company by the State;
Which was read, and referred to the Committee on the Militia.
Mr. Bryant presented a memorial from Josiah J. Everett and A.
W. Archer, of Thomas County, Georgia, praying the passage of An
Act for the relief of the heirs at law of Jacob Bryan, deceased, late
of Duval County;
Which was read, and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
Mr. Long offered the following resolutions :
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State
of Florida in General Assembly convened, That the Medical Board
of this State be, and they are hereby, required to establish afee bill
for medical services, and report the same, if practicable to this, if
not, to the next General Assembly.
Be it further resolved, That a copy of these resolutions, properly
certified, be forwarded to the President of the Medical Board.
Which were adopted.
Mr. Wardlaw, from the Committee on Propositions and Griev-
ances, to whom was referred the petition of H. G. Harlan, reported
a bill for his relief;
Which report was concurred in, and the bill read the first time,
and ordered for a second reading on to-morrow.
Mr. Wardlaw, from the Committee on Propositions and Grievan-
ces, made the following report:
The Committee on Propositions and Grievances, to whom was re-
ferred the petition of Kinchen P. Ellis, beg leave to report:
That they have had the same under consideration, and can see no
just reason why the prayer of the petitioner should not be granted,
and would recommend accordingly.
B. F. WARDLAW,
Chairman.
Which was concurred in, and the accompanying bill read the first
time, and ordered for a second reading to-morrow.








72



Mr. Wardlaw, from the Committee on Propositions and Grievan-
ces, made the following report:
The petition of George W. Andres having been referred to the Com-
mittee on Propositions and Grievances, they ask leave to report:
That they have had the same under consideration, and are of
opinion that the prayer of the petitioner should be granted, and beg
leave to be discharged from any further consideration of the case.
B. F. WARDLAW,
Chairman.
Which was concurred in, and the accompanying bill read the first
time, and ordered for a second reading to-morrow.
Mr. Anderson, from the Committee on the Judiciary, made the fol.
lowing report:
The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the question
of the expediency of appropriating the Seminary Fund and the In-
ternal Improvement Fund, to the Common School Fund, have had
the same under consideration, and report:
That the funds referred to were bestowed by Congress on the
State of Florida, for the specific purposes designated in the motion
of reference, and the committee think that however expedient in
other respects a change in the application of the funds might be, yet
they consider that it would be a breach of good faith, and, therefore,
in the highest degree inexpedient. The committee ask to be dis-
charged from the further consideration of the subject.
W. ANDERSON,
Chairman.
Which was read and laid on the table.
Mr. Baker from the Committee on Enrolled and Engrossed Bills
made the following report:
The Committee on Enrolled and Engrossed Bills, report as cor.
rectly engrossed, the following bills, viz :
A bill to be entitled an Act to amend an Act to more fully define
the rates and duty of Pilots for the bar of Cedar Keys.
A bill to be entitled an Act to amend an Act concerning roads and
highways, approved January 5th 1847, especially for the county of
Duval.
A bill to be entitled an Act to incorporate the Leon and Gadsden
Plank Road Company.
A bill to be entitled an Act to authorize James J. Weeks to estab.
lish a ferry across the Withlacoochee river.
A bill to be entitled an Act to regulate the pilotage of the bar of
the river St. Johns.
BOLLING BAKER,
Chairman.
Monday December 9th, 1850.
Which was read.








73



The Select Committee appointed to wait upon Mr. Edmund Lay.
fayettee under the resolution previously adopted, reported that they
had performed that duty.
The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, December 6, 1850.
Hon. Speaker of the House of Representatives:
Sir,-The Senate has passed the following bills, viz:
A billto be entitled an Act to change and make permanent, the di-
viding line between the counties of Santa Rosa and Walton; also
A billto be entitled an Act to amend the 20th section of the 5th ar-
ticle of the Constitution, so as to allow the General Assemby to re-
quire the Justices of the Supreme Court, Chancellors, and Judges of
the Circuit Courts to perform certain duties, with regard to the sub-
ject of education; also,
A bill to be entitled an Act to punish cheats and false pretences:
also,
A bill to be entitled an Act to establish the fees of Notaries Public
in certain cases, in the counties of Monroe, and Wakulla ; also,
A bill to be entitled an Act to amend an Act, entitled an Act con-
cerning practitioners of medicine in this State, approved Feb. 10th,
1831; also,
A bill to be entitled an Act in relation to pilotage for the port of
Key West.
Respectfully,
N. McPHERSON,
Sec'y Senate.
Which was read, and the bills placed among the orders of the day.
The Senate returned House resolutions for the relief of Isaac P.
Hardee and L. D. Rodgers, as having passed that body.
The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHANBER, December 9th, 1850.
Hon. Speaker of the House of Representatives:
Sir-The following bills have passed the Senate, viz:
A bill to be entitled an Act to authorize William Henry Van Horn
to assume the management of his own Estate, and to contract and be
contracted with.
A bill to be entitled an Act prescribing the duty of the Register of
Public Lands, Sheriffs and Solicitors in relation to the recovery of es-
tates escheating or reverting to the school fund, on account of a de.
feet of heirs or next of kin, and for other purposes.
A bill to be entitled an Act to repeal an Act to improve the naviga-
tion of the Suwannee river, also,
A bill to be entitled an Act for the relief of George M. Hamilton.
Respectfully yours, &c.,
R. J. FLOYD,
President of the Senate.
Which was read, and the bills placed among the orders of the day.
10









74

ORDERS OF THE DAY.

A billto be entitled an Act to repeal an Act supplemental to an
Act entitled an Act to grant pre-emption rights to settlers on State Lands
passed at the present session, approved January 12th 1849,
Was read a second time, rule waived, and read a third time, and
on question of its passage, the vote was,
YEAs---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Brett,
Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, James S. Jones,
John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilerease, Langford, Long, Mathers, Maxwell, McCall,
Milton, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Wardlaw and Wilkinson---30.
NAYs-Messrs. Lott, Plummer, Scott and Turner-4.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Senate bill entitled An Act to authorize Hiram Roberts, a minor,
of Jackson county, to assume the management of his own estate and
to contract and be contracted with,
Was read a second time.
Mr. Milton moved its indefinite postponement.
Upon which motion the yeas and nays were called and were :
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, James S.
Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Langford, Long, Lott; Magbee, Math-
ers, Maxwell, McCall, Milton, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele,
Taylor Turner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson-36.
NAYs-None
So said bill was indefinitely postponed.
A bill to be entitled An Act to provide for the punishment of such
persons as unlawfully issue change-bills or notes under the denomi-
nation of one dollar,
Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage the
vote was:
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley, Brett,
Brownell, Brown, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, James S. Jones,
John W. Jones, Kilcrease, Langford, Long, Lott, Magbee, McCall, Milton,
Plummer, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson-30.
NAYs--Messrs. Allen, Kenan, Mathers, Scott, and Shine-5.
So said bill passed.
On motion of Mr. Brownell the title was amended by adding after
the word issue," the words pass or circulate."
Ordered, That the same be certified to the Senate.
A bill to be entitled An Act to change the name of Robert Water-
ston, of Levy county, to that of Robert W. Randell,
Was read a second time and ordered for a third reading to-mor-
"row.








75

A bill to be entitled An Act to repeal the 8th section of the 6th
article of the Constitution of this State,
Was read the second time.
Mr. Long moved to amend the bill by adding the following :
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the 10th section of the 6th
article of the Constitution be, and is hereby, repealed."
On which motion the yeas and nays were called by Messrs. Long
and Bryant, and were :
YEAS-Messrs. Allen, Baker, Bennett, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Dilworth,
Geiger, Hopkins, James S. Jones, Kenan, Langford, Long, Lott, Magbee, Mathers,
Scott, Shine, Smith, Taylor, Turner and Wilkinson-22.
NAYs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Bradley, Bryant, Burnham, Hawes,
John W. Jones, Kilcrease, Maxwell, McCall, Milton, Plummer, Standley, Steele,
and Wardlaw---15.
So the amendment was adopted.
Mr. Baker moved a reconsideration of the vote;
Which motion prevailed.
Mr. Long moved the indefinite postponement of the bill;
Upon which the yeas and nays were called by Messrs. Magbee
and Long, and were as follows :
YEAs-Messrs. Bennett, Bradley, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Dilworth, James
S. Jones, John W. Jones, Langford, Long and Taylor-11.
NAYS---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bryant, Burnham,
Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, Kenan, Kilerease, Lott, Magbee, Mathers, Maxwell,
McCall, Milton, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Turner, Ward-
law and Wilkinson---26.
So said motion was lost.
On motion, the bill was ordered for a third reading to-morrow.
On motion, House adjourned until to-morrow 10 o'clock, A. M.

TUESDAY, December 10, 1850.
The House met pursuant to adjournment, and a quorum being
present, after prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the journal of yester-
day was read, amended and approved.
Mr. Hopkins gave notice that he would, on to-morrow or some fu-
ture day, ask leave to introduce a bill for the relief of William Thig-
pin, of Putnam County.
Mr. Anderson moved that the Judiciary Committee be directed
to prepare and report a bill to amend the existing laws, providing
that certain property shall be exempt from execution, so as to provide
that one slave shall be exempt from execution and attachment;
Which motion prevailed.
Mr. Shine gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill to be entitled An Act to repeal the 1st sec.
tion of the 14th article of the Constitution.








76



Mr. Baker gave' notice that, on some future day, he would ask
leave to. introduce a bill to be entitled An Act to prevent the intro-
duction of slaves into this State for sale.
Mr. James S. Jones offered a resolution, asking Congress for a
grant of alternate sections of land on either side of a Plank Road
running from Alligator to Jacksonville, to aid in its construction;
Which was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading
to-morrow.
Mr. Wardlaw offered the following resolution:
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State
of Florida in General Assembly convened, That our delegation in
Congress be instructed neither to discuss nor vote, but remain si-
lent, should an effort be made to repeal the Fugitive Slave Bill;
Which was read the first time, the. rule waived, read a second
time, and referred to the Committee on Federal Relations.
Mr. Lott offered a resolution, memorializing Congress for an ap-
propriation for the purpose of removing obstructions in the Chipola
river;
Which was read the,first time, and ordered for a second reading
to-morrow.
Mr. Anderson, from the Judiciary Committee, made the following
report:
The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom so much of the Gover.
nor's Message as relates to the question of the proper construct.
tion of that provision of the Constitution which fixes the period
when the term of office of the first Governor of Florida shall ex.
pire, have had the same under consideration, and report:
That so far as the authority of the General Assembly to interpret
that provision extends, it has already been exercised by the first
General Assembly of the State. The expression of an opinion on
the part of this body would, therefore, be at least a work of supe.
rerogation, and could have no binding effect. On that account, the
Committee deems it inexpedient for this Assembly to express any
opinion, or take any action upon the subject proposed.
The Committee beg to be discharged from its further consider.
tion.
W. ANDERSON,
Chairman.
Which was read, and on motion, laid on the table.
Mr. Steele, from the Committee on Corporations, made the follow.
ing report:
The Committee on Corporations, to whom was referred a bill to be
entitled An Act entitled An Act to amend An Act incorporating
towns, report:
That they have had the same under consideration, and recom.
mend the passage of the bill.
Respectfully submitted..
AUGUSTUS STEELE,
Chairman.







77



Which was concurred in, and the bill therein mentioned placed
among the Orders of the Day.
The following report was read:
The Select Committee, to whom was referred the memorial of the
County Commissioners of Gadsden County, have had the same
under consideration, and report:
That in the opinion of the Committee, the prayer of the memo-
rialists should be granted, and herewith present a bill in accor-
dance with the prayer of said memorial, and recommend its passage.
BOLLING BAKER,
BENJ. F. ALLEN,
W. S. DILWORTH.
Which was concurred in, and the accompanying bill read the first
time, the rule waived, read a second time by its title, and ordered to
be engrossed for a third reading to-morrow.
The following report was read :
The Select Committee, to whom was referred the bill to provide
for the transmission of election returns from the several election
precincts in Madison County, beg leave to report the accompanying
bill in lieu thereof.
B. F. WARDLAW,
Chairman.
Which was concurred in, and the accompanying bill read the
first time, and ordered for a second reading to-morrow.
The following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, December 9, 1850.
Hon. Speaker House of Representatives:
Sir,-The enclosed communication, signed by the Clerk of the
House of Representatives, was this day received. It is my duty, as
presiding officer of the Senate, to call your attention most respect-
fully to the 13th joint rule, for the government of the two Houses of
the General Assembly, which prescribes that communications
shall be made on paper, and signed by the presiding officer of each
House, and transmitted through the Messenger, or Doorkeeper."
Very respectfully,
R. J. FLOYD,
President of the Senate.
Which was read.
Mr. Milton moved that a committee of three be appointed on the
part of the House, to confer with,a similar committee on the part of
the Senate, for the purpose of rescinding the 13th joint rule ;
Which motion prevailed, and Messrs. Milton, Long and Magbee
appointed such committee.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
The following message was received from the Senate;
SENATE CHAMBER, December 9th, 1850.
Hon. Speaker of the House of Reps.
Sir,-The Senate has passed the following bills, viz:








"78



Bill to be entitled an Act for the relief of Levi F. Miller, sheriff
of Washington county: also,
Bill to be entitled an Act to amend an Act entitled an Act to re-
establish the records of Jackson county and for other purposes;
also,
House bill to be entitled an Act to incorporate the Escambia Plank
Road Company as amended,
Respectfully,
R. J. FLOYD,
President of Senate.
Which was read;
On motion the House concurred in the amendment to the bill to
be entitled an Act to incorporate the Escambia Plank Road Com.
pany.
Senate bills to be entitled,
An Act for the relief of Levi F. Miller, sheriff of Washington
County; and,
An Act-to amend an Act entitled an Act to re-establish the re-
cords of the County of Jackson, and for other purposes;
Were read the first time and ordered for a second reading on Mon-
day.
On motion of Mr. Bryant, the motion made by him on yesterday
relative to the employment of an additional assistant clerk, was ta-
ken from the table and placed first among the orders of the day.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
The motion relative to the employment of an assistant clerk, was
read and on question of its passage the vote was.
YEAS-Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bradley, Brett, Brownell, Brown,
Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, James S. Jones, John
"W. Jones, Langford, Long, Lott, Maxwell, McCall, Milton, Plummer, Scott,
Shine, Standley, Turner and Wilkinson-27.
NAYs-Mr. SpeaKer, Messrs. Bennett, Kenan, Kilerease, Mathers, Taylor and
Wardlaw-7.
So said motion prevailed.
A bill to be entitled an Act for the benefit of James Ponder;
Was read second time. Mr. Allen offered the following amend.
ment:
Strike out by law on hawkers and Pedlers," and insert by an
Act, approved January 12th, 1843, on every transient person not a
resident of this State, hawkers and pedlars excepted, who shall sell,
offer to sell or expose for sale, goods wares and merchandise, not the
growth or manufacture of this State ;"
Which amendment was adopted, and the bill ordered to be engros-
sed for a third reading to-morrow.
A bill entitled an Act to change the name of Benton county to that
of Hernando county,








79

Was read second time. Mr. Wardlaw moved to strike out Hernan-
do, and insert Choves, which was lost; and the bill was ordered to be
engrossed for a third reading on to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled an Act to Incorporate a Bank in the city of
Tallahassee,
Was read second time by its title, and referred to the Committee on
Corporations.
An Engrossed bill entitled an Act forthe relief of James W. Piles;
Was read the third tine, and on question of its passage the vote
was:
YEAS-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins,
James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Langford, Long,.Lott,
Magbee, Mathers, Maxwell, McCall, Milton, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Standley,
Steele, Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson-36.
NAYs-None.
So said bill passed, title as stated.
Ordered that the same be certified to the Senate.
Engrossed bill entitled an Act to establish a Circuit Court in Levy
county,
Was read the third time, and on question of its passage, the vote
was :
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins,
James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Langford, Long, Lott, Mag-
bee, Mathers, Maxwell, McCcll, Milton, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Standley, Steele,
Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson-36.
NAYs-None,
So said bill passed, title as stated.
Ordered to be ce tified to the Senate.
Engrossed bill entitled an Act to authorize William H. Chase and
Albert Golay, to cuta canal connecting the waters of Perdido river and
the Grand Lagoon,
Was read the third time, and on question of its passage, the vote
was:
YEAS--Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, James S.
Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Langford, Long, Lott, Magbee, Math-
ers, Maxwell, McCall, Milton, Plummer, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor,
Turner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson---35.
NA.S---None.
So said bill passed, title as stated.
Ordered to be certified to the Senate.
.Engrossed bill entitled An Act to declare Lafayette and Four Mile
creeks navigable streams,









80



Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage, the
vote was,
YEAS---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilwortl, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins,
James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilorease, Langford, Long, Lott, Mag-
bee, .Mathers, Maxwell, McCall, Milton, Plummer, Smith, Standley, Steele, Tay-
lor, Turner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson-35.
NAYs-None.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, To be certified to the Senate.
Senate bill entitled An Act to amend the act incorporating the city
of Pensacola, approved March 2, 1839,
Was read second time, and ordered for a third reading to-mor.
row.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act to legitimate John Robert Gei.
ger,
Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage, the
vote was,
YEAS---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Brett, Brow-
nell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, James S.
Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilerease, Langford, Long, Lott, Mathers, Max-
well, Magbee, McCall, Plummer, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner ahd
Wardlaw---33.
NAY---Mr. Scott---1.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, To be certified to the Senate.
A Bill to be entitled an Act to authorize Henry Slayback to es-
tablish a ferry across Escambia Bay, was read the third time, and
on the question of its passage the vote was,
YEAs- Mr. Speaker, Messrs: Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, Janmes
S. Jones, John W. Jones, Langford, Long, Lott, Magbee, Mathers, McCall, MVil-
ton, Plummer, Scott, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and
Wilkinson-32.
NAYS---Mr. Kilcrease--1.
So the bill passed, title as stated.
Ordered, that the same be certified to the Senate.
A bill to be entitled an Act to amend an Act relating to the duties
of Tax-Assessors and Tax-Collectors, and for other purposes, was
read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed for a third read.
ing to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled an Act to unite the duties of Sheriff, Tax-As.
sessor and Tax-Collector of the County of Levy, was read the second
time and ordered to be engrossed for a thirdlreading to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled an Act to exempt agents of foreign Insurance
companies from taxation, was read the second time.









81

Mr. Anderson moved that said bill be indefinitely postponed, on
which motion the yeas and nays were as follows:
YEAS-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Brett, Brownell,
Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, James S. Jones, John W.
"Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Langford, Long, Lott, Magbee, Mathers, Maxwell,
McCall, Milton, Plummer, Scott, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor Turner and
" Wardlaw-- -32.
* NAYs---Messrs. Allen, Baker, Dilworth, Shine and Wilkinson---5.
So the said bill was indefinitely postponed.
A bill to be entitled an Act to ascertain and define the boundary
line of Calhoun County, was read the second time, and ordered to
be engrossed for a third reading to-morrow.
Preamble and Resolutions relative to Mosquito Bar, was read a
third time, and on the question of the passage thereof, the vote was,
YEAS---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Bradley, Brett, Brownell,
Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, James, S. Jones,
John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilerease, Langford, Long, Lott,, Magbee, Mathers,
Maxwell, McCall, Milton, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Tay-
lor, Turner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson--35.
NAY-none.
So the preamble and resolutions were adopted.
Ordered, that the same be certified to the Senate.
Senate bill to be entitled an Act to change the name of Roxanna
Jones to Roxanna Wheeler, was read the third time:
Mr. Bryant moved a call of the House, which being ordered, upon
calling the roll, Messrs. Baker, Battle and Finlayson, were absent.
On motion of Mr. Bryant further proceedings under the call were
dispensed with.
The bill before the House was then put upon its passage, and the
vote was ;
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Bennett, Bradley, Brett,
Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, James S. Jones,
T:hn W. J.,?. .., Kenan, Kilorease, Langford, Lott, Magbee, Mathers, Maxwell,
M.:(*'i, Ph.iun.:t, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and

*N,va-N..u.:
So the bill p.i.ssed-title as stated.
Ordered, That the same be certified to the Senate.
Mr..,McCall moved that the House adjourn until to-morrow, 10
0 clorc, A. M. On which motion, the yeas and nays were called by
"Messrs. Bennett and Bradley, and were as follows:
YE Is--... Speaker, Messrs. Brett, Brown, Dilworth, Hawes, Lott, Maxwell,
McCall and :Wilkinson--9.
NAYs---Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley, Brownell, Bryant,
Burnham, Geiger, Hopkins, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease,
"Langford Long, Magbee, Mathers, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley,
"Steele, Taylor, Turner and Wardlaw---27.
11









82



So the House refused to adjourn.
Mr. Scott moved that the House take a recess until 3 o'clock, P A,
Which motion was lost.
A bill to be entitled an Act to provide for the final removal of the In.
dians now remaining in Florida, beyond the limits of the State, was
taken up.
On motion of Mr. Anderson, said bill was passed over, and made
the special order of the day for to-morrow.
Mr. Long noved that the House take recess until half-past 3 o'.
clock, P. M.;
Which motion was lost.
Engrossed bill to be entitled An Act to authorize James J. Meek
to establish a ferry across the Withlacoochee river,
Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage, the
vote was,
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Alien, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, 'Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, H-op-
kins, James S. Jones, John W. Jones,'Kenan, Langford, Lott, Magbee, Mathers,
Maxwell, McCall, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, 'Tir-
ner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson-34.
NAY-Mr. Kilcreasc-1.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, To be certified to the.Senate.
On motion of Mr. Scott, the. House took recess until 3 o'clock, p,

3 O'CLocK, P. M.
The House met-quorum present.
The Speaker announced that, under the motion adopted this mor.
ning, Mr. Henry Floyd had been engaged by the Chief Clerk, to
act in the capacity of Additional Assistant Clerk.
On motion, the oath of office was administered by the Speaker to
Mr. Floyd.
Epgrossed bill to be entitled An act to incorporate the Leon and
Gadsden Plank Road Company,
Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage the
vote was :
YEAS-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley, Brownell
Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, James S. Jones, John W
Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Langford,- Lott, Magbee, Mathers, Plummer, Scott,
Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and Willdnson-29.
NAYs-Mr. Brett-1.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, That the same be certified to the Senate.
Engrossed bill to be entitled An act to regulate the pilotage of the
bar of the river St. Johns,








83



Was read the third time, and on its passage the vote was,
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Baker, Bradley, Brett, Brownell,
Brown, Bryant, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, James S. Jones, John W. Jones,
ICenan, Kilchrease, Langford, Long, Lott, Magbee, Mathers, McCall, Plummer,
Scott, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson-29.
NAYs-Messrs. Burnham and Dilworth-2.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, That the same be certified to the Senate.
Engrossed bill to be entitled An act to amend an act to more fully
define the rates of and duty of pilots for the port of Cedar Keys,
Was readlthe third time, and on the question of its passage the
vote was:
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley, Brett,
Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, James
S.[Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Iilerease, Langford, Long, Lott, Magbee,
Maxwell, McCall, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor,
Turner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson-35.
NAYs-None.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, .That the same be certified to the Senate.
The following bills from the Senate were read the first time and
ordered for a second reading to-morrow;.
Bill to be entitled An act to amend the twentieth section of the
fifth article of the Constitution, so as to allow the General Assembly
to require the Justices of the Supreme Court, Chancellors, or the
Judges of the Circuit Courts to perform certain duties with regard
to the subject of education ;
A bill to be entitled An act to change and make more permanent
the dividing line between the counties of Santa Rosa and Walton;
A bill to be entitled An act to punish cheats and false pretences;
A lill to be entitled An act to establish the fees of notaries public
in c:.Ll; cases,.in the counties of Monroe ind Wakulla;
SA bill to be entitled An act to amend an act entitled an act con-
cerning practitioners of medicine in this State, approved 10th Feb-
ruary, 1831;
.A bill to be entitled An act in relation to pilotage for the port of
Key West;
A bill to be entitled An act for the reliefof George M. Hamilton;
A bill to be entitled An act prescribing the duty of the Register
of Public Lands,.sheriffs and solicitors in relation to the recovery of
estates escheating or reverting to the School Fund, on account of a
defect of heirs or next of kin, and for other purposes ;
A bill to be entitled An act to repeal an act to improve the navi-
gation of the Suwannee river; and
A bill to be entitled An act to authorize William Henry Van Horn
to assume the management of his own estate, and to contract and be
contracted with.








84



A bill to be entitled An act to amend an act incorporating the city
of St. Augustine, approved 4th February, 1833,
Was read a second time and ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled An act for the relief of Kinchen P. Ellis,
Was read a second time and ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled An act for the relief of George W. Andres,
Was read a second time and ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled An act for the relief of H. G. Harlan,
"Was read the second time;
Mr. Baker moved that the bill be laid upon the table;
Which motion was lost.
The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading to-mor-
row.
A bill to be entitled An act to change the name of Robert Wa.
terston, of Levy county, to that of Robert W. Randell,
Was read the third time, and on. the question of its passage the
vote was:
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins,
James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Langford, Long, Lott,.Mag-
bee, Mathers, Maxwell, McCall, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele,
Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson-36.
NAYs-None.
SSo said bill passed--title as stated.
Ordered, That the same be certified to the Senate.
A bill to be entitled An act to repeal the 8th section of the 6th
article of the Constitution of this State,
Was read the third time ;
Mr. James S. Jones moved its indefinite postponement;
Upon which motion the yeas and nays were called, and were:
YEA--Messrs. Baker, Bennett, Bradley, Brett, Brownell, Dilworth, Hop-
kins, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Langford, Long, Magbee,' Mathers, Smith,
Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and Wilkinson-20.
NAYs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Brown, Bryant, Burnham,
Geiger, Hawes, Kenan, Kilerease, Lott, Maxwell, McCall, Plummer, Scott and
Shine-16.
So said bill was indefinitely postponed.
Mr. McCall moved that the House adjourn until to-morrow, 11
o'clock, A. M.
Which motion was lost.
Mr. Maxwell moved that the House adjourn until to-morrow at half
past 10 o'clock, A. M.;
Which was lost.
On motion, the House adjourned until to-morrow, 10 o'clock,
A. M.







85



WEDNESDAY, December 11, 1850.

The House met'pursuant to adjournment, and a quorum being
present, after prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the journal of yester-
day was read and approved.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. James S. Jones introduced a
bill to be entitled An Act to provide for the payment of the Florida
volunteers called out in the year 1849 ;
Which was read the first time, rule waived, read a second time
by its title, and ordered to be engrossed for a third reading on to-
morrow.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. James S. Jones introduced a bill
to be entitled An Act in relation to Judges of Probate ;
Which was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Steele introduced a bill to be en
titled An Act to amend the laws governing elections ;.
Which was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Shine introduced a bill to be en-
titled An Act s9 to amend the Constitution of this State as to prevent
further amendments of that instrument by the Legislature;
Which was i'ead three times as of the first day, and ordered for
a second reading on to-morrow.
Mr. Wardlaw gave notice that, on to-morrow or some other day
soon, he would introduce a bill to amend the laws providing for the
exemption of certain property from execution.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Hopkins introduced a bill to be
'entitled An'Act for the relief of William Thigpin, of Putnam Coun-
ty;
Which vas read the first time, and' ordered for a second reading
on to-morrow.
Mr. Milton gave notice that he would, on to-morrow, introduce a
"bill to be entitled An Act to prevent remuneration or pay for mileage
or expenses to any person or persons who may hereafter contest the
election of the sitting member to either House of the General As-
sembly, when the contestant shall fail to establish his claim.
Mr. Baker gave notice that, on some future day, he will introduce
a bill to amend the charter of the town of Quincy.
On motion of Mr. Magbee, the House re-considered the vote of
yesterday, referring the resolution instructing our delegation in Con-
gress, in the event of an effort to repeal the fugitive slave bill, to
the Committee on Federal Relations, and said resolution was or.
dered to be placed among the Orders of the Day.
Mr. Scott presented a memorial from John H. Madison and Wil-
liam D..Branch, of Marion County, praying to be relieved from a
judgment against them as sureties on a certain bond of recogni-
zance;










Which was read, and on motion, referred to a Select Committee,
consisting of Messrs. Scott, Baker, McCall and Hopkinis.
Mr. Alien offered the following resolution :
"Resolved by the House of Representatives, That the Sergeant-at.
Arms be authorized to purchase one dozen chairs for the use of this
House;
Which was read the first time, the rule waived, read a second and
third times.
Upon the question of its passage, the vote was,
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Battle, Betnctt,
Bradley, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hop-
kins, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Long, Lott, Magbee, Mlaxwell,
McCall, Milton, Plummcr, Scott, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner and
Wardlaw-32.
NAY---Mr. Wilkinson---1.
So the resolution was adopted.
On motion, the rules were waived and Mr. Milton permitted to
give notice that he would at'some future day ask leave to introduce
a bill. to be entitled an Act to repeal all State pre-emption laws
affecting lands held by the State by donations for specific purposes.
Mr. Wardlaw announced that Mr. Langford was ill, and moved
that he be excused for non-attendance to-day, .which motion pre.
failed.
Mr. Baker offered the following resolutions :
Resolved, That the Committee on Corporations be instructed to
enquire into the present condition of the Union Bank of Florida.-.
That the said Committee enquire, of and report to this house.
1st. The amount originally subscribed to the Capital Stock of said
Bank, and if the same has been increased, and to what amount.
2d. The amount or value of real or personal Estate, originally
mortgaged to said Bank for subscriptions ofStock ; stating separately
the amount of each. The amount of said property, real or personal,
which has been released, and the present estimated value of that
which has not been released.
3d. The amount of Bonds issued by the late Territory of Florida,
for raising the Capital of said Bank. The number and amount of
said Bonds which were executed or issued. The number or amount
of said Bonds which were negotiated, and when and to whom the
same were sold or negotiated, and what amount in United States
currency, the said amount so sold, netted to the said Bank.
The. amount ofBonds which were not sold, and if not sold, what
disposition was made of the same, and whether the same are now
or not in the control or disposal of said Bank.
What amount of Post Notes have been issued.by said Bankl, and
what amount of the same are now outstanding of said Post Notes,
were endorsed by any person or persons, and if so, have any and
what persons been sued on said Endorsements, and for what anmont.










and whether any and what'amount has been paid under such Judg-
ments.
What amount of liabilities of said Bank are now outstanding, stat-
ing particularly each edscription of liability, and 'the holders of the
same.
What amount of assets the Bank.now holds of any kind. If real
Estate, the description, location and value of the same.
What amount of Judgments now exist against said Bank, stating
the name and place of residence of said Plaintiffs, and the parties to
whom any such Judgments may have been assigned.
What amount of assets of any kind said Bank has assigned to other
parties since said Bank was chartered, stating the name and resi-
dence of said assignee, and the consideration paid'the Bank for each
separate assignment.
What amount of Stock is now owned in said Bank, and who are
the owners of said stock.
What officers are now employed by said Bank, stating the salaries
or compensation of the same, and whether said salaries are paid in
the liabilities of said Bank, and if so at what rate or value. And
that said Committee further enquire into the expediency of placing
said Bank in liquidation.
Which were read and placed among the orders of the day for to-
Smorrow.
'Mr. Battle from the Committee on Enrolled and Engrossed bills
made the following report:
Mr. Battle from the Committee on Engrossed and Enrolled bills,
report as coi'rectly engrossed :
A Bill for the relief of Gee. W. Andres;
.: A Bill for the relief of James Ponder;
4A Bill to change the name of.Benton .County to that of Hernando
County;
,A B9i for the relief of Harmon G. Harlaw;
A Bill to amend an Act relating to the duties of Tax.Assses-
sors and Tax-Collectors, and for other purposes;
A Bill to ascertain and define the boundary line of Calhoun
County;
A Bill for the relief of Gadsden County;
A Bill to amend an Act incorporating the city of St. Augustine,
approved February 4, 1833;
A bill to unite the duties of Sheriff and Tax-Assessor and Collec.
tor in the County of Levy;
A Bill for the relief of Kinchen P. Ellis;
BENNETT S. BATTLE,
Chairman.
Which was read.
The following message from the Senate was read :








88



SENATE CIAMIUE, December 10, 1850.
Hon. Speaker of House of Reps.
Sir,-The Senate has appointed Messrs. Baldwin, Avery and For.
ward to act with the Committee on the part of the House of Repre-
sentatives for the purpose of rescinding the 14th joint rule for the
government of the House and Senate.
Respectfully,
R. J. FLOYD,
President of Senate.
Also the following:
SENATE CIAMBER, December 10th, 1850.
Hon. Speaker of the House of Reps.
Sir,-The Senate has passed House bill to be entitled an Act to
incorporate Pensacola and Navy Yard Plank Road Company, as
amended.
Respectfully,
R. J. FLOYD,
President of Senate.
On motion of Mr. Anderson, the House concurred in the amend-
ments to the bill to be entitled an Act to incorporate the Pensacola
and Navy Yard Plank Road Company.
Ordered, that the same be certified to the Senate.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
A bill to be entitled an Act to provide for the final removal of the
Indians now remaining in Florida, beyond the limits of the State,
was read the second time, and on motion of Mr. Bennett, the House
resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole for the consideration
thereof.
After deliberation, the Committee rose, and by its Chairman tIr.
Anderson, reported progress, and asked leave to sit again, which re-
port was concurred in.
Mr. Milton moved that 75 copies of the amendments offered in
the Committee of the Whole, be printed for the use of the House;
Which motion prevailed.
A bill to be entitled An Act to amend An Act incorporating
towns,
Was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed fr, a
third reading on to-morrow.
Preamble and resolutions relative to removing obstructions in the
Suwannee river,
Were read a second time, and ordered for a third reading on to.
morrow.
Mr. Milton moved that the House adjourn until Friday morning,
10 o'clock.
On which motion, the yeas and nays were called, and were as
follows :








89



YEAs--Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Baker, Brett, Brown, Burnham, Hawes,
Lott, Maxwell, McCall, Milton and Smith---12.
NAYs---Messrs. Anderson, Battle, Bennett, Bradley, Brownell, Bryant, Dil-
worth, Geiger, Hopkins, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease,
Long, Mathers, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Standley, Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and
Wilkinson---23.
"So the House refused to adjourn.
Mr. Bennett moved that the House adjourn until to-morrow, 3 o'-
clock, P. M.;
Which motion was lost.
Mr. Anderson moved that the House adjourn until to-morrow, 10
o'clock, A. M.;
Upon which motion, the yeas and nays were called by Messrs.
McCall and Kiicrease, and were as follows :
"YEAS---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Battle, Brett, Brown, Burn-
ham, Dilworth, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Lott, Maxwell, Smith, Tur-
ner and Willdnson---15.
NAys---Messrs. Baker, Bennett, Bradley, Brownell, Bryant, Geiger, Hawes,
Kenan, Kilcrease, Long, Magbce, Mathers, McCall, Plummer, Scott, Shine,
Standley, Steele, Taylor and Wardlaw---20.
So the House refused to adjourn.
On motion of Mr. Bryant, the House took recess until 3 o'clock,
PM.


3 O'CLOCK, P. M.
"Thb House met-a quorum present.
.' bill entitled An Act to provide for the transmission of elec-
tion returns from the several election precincts in the State of Flori-
da,
Was read second time, and ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading tomorrow.
A resolution asking Congress for a grant of alternate sections of
land on either side of a plank road running from Alligator to Jack-
sonville, to aid in its construction,
Was read the second time, and ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading tomorrow.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act for the relief of Levi F. Miller,
Sheriff of Washington County,
Was read second time, and ordered for a third reading to-morrow.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act to amend An Act entitled An
Act to re.establish the records of the County of Jackson, and for
other purposes,
Was read a second time, and ordered for a third reading on to-
morrow.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act to amend the 20th section of the
5h article of the constitution, so as to allow the General Assembly
12










to require the Justices of the Supreme Court, Chancellors and Judges
of the Circuit Courts to perform certain duties with regard to the
subject of education,
Was read second time, and ordered for a third reading to-morrow.
Senate bill entitled An Act to change and make permanent the
dividing line between the counties of Santa Rosa and Walton,
Was read second time, and on motion of Mr. Milton, referred to a
Select Committee, consisting of Messrs. Milton, Brownell and Wil.
kinson.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act to punish cheats and false pre-
tences,
Was read second time, and ordered for a third reading to-morrow.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act to establish the fees of notaries
public in certain cases, in the counties of Monroe and Wakulla,
Was read second time, and on motion of Mr. McCall, referred to
a Select Committee, consisting of Messrs. McCall, Mathers and Al-
len.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act to amend An Act entitled An
Act concerning practitioners of medicine in this State, approved 10th
February, 1831,
Was read second time, and on motion of Mr. Milton, laid on the
table.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act in relation to pilotage for the
port of Key West,
Was read second time, and ordered for a third reading tomorrow.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act for the relief of George II am.
ilton,
Was read second time, and ordered for a third reading on to-
morrow.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act prescribing the duty of the Reg.
ister of Public Lands, Sheriffs and Solicitors, in relation to the re-
covery of estates escheating or reverting to the school fund, on ac-
count of a defect of heirs or next of kin, and for other purposes,
Was read second time, and ordered for a third reading to'ror.
row.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act to repeal An Apt to improve the
navigation of the Suwannee river,
Was read second time, and ordered for a third reading on to.
morrow.
Senate bill to be entitled An Act to authorize William henry
VanHorn to assume the management of his own estate, and to con-
tract and be contracted with,
Was read the second time, and ordered for a third reading on to-
morrow.
A bill to be entitled An Act to amend An Act entitled A' Act to
organize the Supreme Court of the State of Florida,
Was read a second time, and on motion of Mr. Milton, as laid
on the lable.








91



"The resolution to instruct our delegation in Congress neither to
*discuss nor vote, in the event of an effort being made to repeal the.
Fugitive Slave Bill,
Was read the second time.
Mr. Scott offered the following substitute therefore:
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State
.of Florida in General Assembly convened, That, in the opinion of
this General Assembly, it is the sworn duty of our delegation in
Congress to maintain the Constitution and the laws, by speech, vote
and act, in every official capacity which to them appertains.
Mr. Wardlaw, then withdrew the original resolution and offered
the following substitute for the substitute :
WHEREAS, we have seen a fixed and determined purpose, on the
part of the Northern people to resist, obstruct, defeat and actually
nullify, the Fugitive Slave Bill" and whereas the late elections
in many of the free States have turned on the repeal of that bill,
and the majority of the next Congress having been elected, who
are pledged to repeal that bill, thus leaving us without a hope of the
said bill remaining much longer on the statute book, and where-
as it is all important that the South should know the worst at as
early a period as possible, the time for argument having passed,
and immediate action necessary,
Be it therefore resolved, by the Senate and House of Representa-
tives in General Assembly convened, That our delegation in Congress
be instructed to enter a protest against the repeal of the Fugitive
Slave Bill but neither to discuss or vote, should an effort be made to
'repeal said bill.
Mr. Wardlaw moved a call of the House;
Which being ordered, upon calling the roll Messrs. Anderson,
Bryant, Finlayson and Langford, were absent.
Messrs. Finlayson and Langford having leave of absence, Mr.
Kenan moved that the Sergeant-at-Arms be despatched to bring in
the other absent members.
On motion the resolutions before the House were laid on the table.
Engrossed bill to be entitled an Act for the relief of Harman G.
Harlan was read the third time, and on question of its passage the
vote was,
YEAs---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Bradley, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Burn-
ham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Ke-
"nan, Kilorease, Long, Lott, Magbee, Mathers, Maxwell, McCall, Plummer,
Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, and Wardlaw---30.
-NArs---Messrs. Baker, Battle, Bennett, Milton, and Wilkinson---5
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered to be certified to the Senate.
Engrossed bill entitled an Act to amend an Act concerning roads,
and highways, approved January, 5th, 1847, especially fbr the county
of Duval, was taken up and on motion of Mr. Steele it was laid on the
table.









92



Engrossed bill to be entitled an Act for the benefit of James Pon-
der was read the third time and on question of its passage the vote
was,
YEAs---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Bennett, Bradley, Brett,
Brownell, Brown, Burnham, Dilworth, Hawes, Hopkins, James S. Jones, John
W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Long, Lott, Magbee, Mathers, Maxwell, McCall,
Milton, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, Ward-
law and Wilkinson-34.
NAYs--None.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered to be certified to the Senate.
Engrossed bill to be entitled an Act to change the name of Benton
county to that ofHernando, was read the third time, and on question
of its passage, the vote was,
YEAS-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Baker, Battle, Bennett, Bradley, Brett, Brownell,
Brown, Burnham, Dilworth Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, James S. Jones, John
W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Long, Lott, Magbee, Mathers, Maxwell, McCall,
Milton, Plummer, Scott, Smith, Standley, Steele, Taylor, Turner, Wardlaw and
"Wilkinson---32.
NAYS---Messrs. Allen and Shine---2.
So said bill passed-titcl as stated.
Ordered to Le certified to the Senate.
Engrossed bill to be entitled an Act for the relief of George W,
Andres, was re.ad the third time, and on the question of its passage
the vote was,
YEAs-Messrs. Baker, Bradley, Brown, Dilworth, Hawes, Hopkins, James
S. Jones, Kilcrease, Long, Lott, Magbee, Maxwell, McCall, Shine, Smith,
Standley, Taylor, Turner and Wardlaw---19.
NAys--Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Battle, Bennett, Brett, Brownell, Burn-
ham, John W. Jones, Kenan, Mathers, Milton, Plummer, Scott, Steele and
Wilkinson-15.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, t'.at the same be certified to the Senate.
Engrossed bill to be entitled an Act to amend an Act relating to
the duties of Tax Assessors and Tax Collectors, and for other pur-
poses,
Was read the thir-d time.
Mr. McCall moved to lay said bill on the table;
Which motion was lost.
The bill was then put upon its passage, and the vote was:
YEAs-Messrs. Baker, Bennett, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Geiger, Hopkins,
Long, Lott, Mathers, Maxwell, Plummer, Scott, Steele, Taylor, Turner and
Wilkinson-17.
NAYs---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Battle, Bradley, Burnham, Dilworth,
Hawes, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Magbee, McCall,
Milton, Smith, Standley and Wardlaw---1-7.








93



So said bill was lost.
The following Message was received from His Excellency the
Governor:
ExECUTIVE CHAMBER, i
December 11th, 1850. ,
To the Hon. HuoH ArnEr,
Speaker of the iHos'e of Repreentatives:
Sir-I herewith transmit to the Louuse of Representatives, for the
consideration of the General Assembly, the accompanying letter from
Mrs. Ellen A. Brockonbrough, proposing to dispose of by private
Contract, the valuable law library of her late husband, the Hon. W.
"H. Brockenbrough deceased, as the nucleus of a State library for
the use of the Supreme Court" of this State.
SBelieving that such an oppoirtuily will not often be presented to
"Ibtain so large a collection of rare a-nd valuable books, should the
House of Representatives concur with me in opinion, I would recom-
"-mend that a joint committee on the part c the two Houses of the
General Assembly be appointed, to x-'mine the books offered for
sale, and report upon the propriety of making the purchase.
,,* I have the honor to be,
Very ;espectfully, &c.,
THO. BROWN.
Which was read and laid on the table.
Also the following :
E:H -CUTIVE CHAMBER,
December 11th, 1850.
To the Hon. HAvetv APncsIr,
Speaker of ih,' HTouse of Represent a.ves :
Sir-I have approved ad s ;Pinedl a '3o]:olion for the relief of
Isaac P. Hardee anid L. D. : .I have caused to be
deposited in the office of the Secretary of St:Jo.
THO. BROWN.
Which was read.
On motion, leave of absence was granted 1o Mr. Wardlaw for ten
days.
On motion, the Housef adjourned until Fr;'day 10 o'clock, A. M.

FRIDAY, December 1?, 1850.
The House met pursuant to adjournment, and a quorum being
present, after prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hunmo, these journal of Wednesday
was read and approved.
Mr. Anderson moved that the Secretary of State be requested to
furnish the Chairmana of each of thn Standing Committees, copies
of the pamphlet laws printed since the publication of Thompson's
Digest.
Which motion prevailed.
On motion of Mr. Finlayson;









94



Leave of absence was granted to Mr. Taylor until Monday
tiext.
On motion of Mr. Wilkinson,
Leave of absence was granted to Mr. Mathers until Monday
next.
The following notices were given of bills to be introduced on
some future day :
By Mr. Dilworth:-
Of a bill to be entitled An Act to incorporate a company to be
called the Wacissa and Ocilla Navigation Company.
By Mr. Long:-
Of a bill to be entitled An Act relating to the School Fund.
By Mr. James S. Jones,
Of a bill to be entitled An Act in relation to the public roads in
the County of Columbia.
On motion of Mr. Milton,
The House re-considered the vote of Wednesday, upon a bill to
be entitled An Act relating to the duties of tax assessors and tax
collectors, and for other purposes, and said bill was placed among
the Orders of the Day.
Pursuant to previous notice,
Mr. Scott introduced a bill to be entitled An Act to alter and
amend the seventeenth clause of the sixth article of the Constitu.
tion;
Which was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading on
to-morrow.
M. Allen gave notice that he would, on to-morrow or some other
day, ask leave to introduce a bill for the benefit of William J. Rus.
sel.
Pursuant to previous notice,
Mr. Langford introduced a bill to be entitled An Act to amend
An Act amendatory of the several acts now in force, in relation to
the assessment and collection of the revenue, approved January 13,
1849;
Which was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading on
to-morrow.
Mr. Bryant gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill to amend An Act entitled An Act amenda-
tory to the pilot laws now in force in this State, approved January
12, 1849.'
Pursuant to previous notice,
Mr. Milton introduced a bill to be entitled An Act prohibiting the
allowance of pay and mileage to contestants for a seat in the Gene.
ral Assembly ;
Which was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading
to-morrow.
Mr. Baker gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask
leave to introduce a bill to be entitled An Act to regulate the
keeping of division fences; also,










A bill to be entitled An Act to prohibit slaves or colored persons
from preaching.
The following report was read :
The Select Committee, appointed to strike out the County of Wa-
kulla in the bill to regulate notaries' fees for the Counties of Monroe
and Wakulla, ask leave to report:
That they have had the same under consideration, and recommend
the County of Wakulla be stricken from the bill.
W. W. McCALL, Chairman.
Which was concurred in, and the accompanying bill placed among
the Orders of the Day.
SThe following message was received from the Senate:
SENATE CHAMBER, December 11, 1850.
Hon. SPEAKER of the House of Representatives :
Sir,-The Senate has passed the following bills, viz:
Bill to be entitled An Act in addition to the acts now in force in
relation to crimes and misdemeanors;
Bill to be entitled An Act to alter and amend the act entitled An
Act to incorporate the Atlantic and Gulf Railroad Company;
House resolutions relative to the establishment of a fee bill for
medical service;
House bill to be entitled An Act to repeal An Act entitled An
Act supplemental to An Act entitled An Act to grant pre-emption
rights to settlers on State lands, passed at the present session, ap-
proved January 12, 1849;
Bill to be entitled An Act consolidating the Counties of Dade and
Monroe, for judicial purposes ; also,
Preamble and resolutions relative to Musquito Bar, with the fol-
lowing amendment, viz :
Strike out in the second line of the last resolution the word di-
rected," and insert the word requested" in lieu thereof.
Respectfully,
R. J. FLOYD,
President of the Senate.
Which was read.
On motion,
The House concurred in the Senate amendment to the preamble
and resolutions relative to Musquito Bar.
Ordered, That the same be certified to the Senate.
On motion of Mr. Milton, the bill to be entitled an Act to provide
for the final removal of the Indians now remaining in Florida, be-
yond the limits of the State was placed first among the orders of the
day.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.
A bill to be entitled an Act to provide for the final removal of the
Indians now remaining in Florida beyond the limits of the State, was
taken up,









96



Mr. McCall moved a call of the House, which being ordered, upon
calling the roll, Mr. Bryant was absent.
Mr. McCall moved that the Sergeant-at-Arms be sent to bring in
the absent member, which motion prevailed.
Mr. Bryant appearing at the bar of the House, having been en-
gaged in the Senate Chamber, on motion of Mr. McCall, further
proceedings under the call were dispensed with.
The House, in Committee of the Whole, resumed the consideration
of the bill to be entitled an Act to provide for the final removal of
the Indians now remaining in Florida beyond the limits of the State.
After deliberation, the Committee rose, and by its chairman, Mr.
Anderson, reported progress and asked leave to sit again, which re.
port was concurred in.
Engrossed bill to be entitled an Act to ascertain and define the
boundary line of Calhoun county, was read the third time and on the
question of its passage the vote was,
YEAS-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Battle, Bennett, Brad-
ley, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Finlayson, Geiger,
Hawes, John W. Jones, Kenan, Kilchrease, Langford, Long, Lott, Maxwell,
McCall, Milton, Plummer, Scott, Shine, Smith, Standley, Turner, andWilkinson
-32.
NAYS-None.
So the bill passed, title as stated.
Ordered, to be certified to the Senate.
Engrossed bill to be entitled an Act for the relief of Gadsden
county,
Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage, the
vote was :
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Battle, Bennett, Brett,
Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Geiger, Hawes, James S. Jones, John W.
Jones, Kenan, Kilcrease, Langford, Lott, Maxwell, McCall, Milton, Plummer,
Shine, Smith, Standley, Turner and Wilkinson-28.
NAYs.-Messrs. Long and Scott-2.
So the bill passed, title as stated.
Ordered, to be certified to the Senate.
On motion of Mr. James S. Jones, the House took recess until 3
o'clock, P. M.

3 O'CLocK, P. M.
The House met-a quorum present.
Mr. Baker, from the Committee on Enrolled and Engrossed Bills,
made the following report:
Mr. Baker, from the Committte on Enrolled and Engrossed bills
reports as correctly Engrossed, the following bills, viz :
A bill to be entitled an Act to provide for the transmission ofr lec.
tion returns from the several election Precints in the'State of Plor.
ida.








97



A bill to be entitled an Act to provide ibr the payment of the Flor-
ida Volunteers, called out in the year 1849.
A bill to be entitled an Act to amend an Act entitled an Act, In-
corporating Towns.
Also Preamble and Resolutions relating to Chipola River.
Also Resolution asking an appropriation of Land by Congress, to
aid in building a Plank Road from Alligator to Jacksonville.
BOLLING BAKER,
Chairman.
Dec'r. 13th, 1850.
Engrossed bill to be entitled An Act to amend An Act incorpora-
ting the city of St. Augustine, approved 4th February, 1833;
Which was read the third time, and on the question of its passage,
the vote was,
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Finlayson, Geiger, Hawes,
Hopkins, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Langford, Long, Lott, McCall,
Plummer, Scott, Smith, Standley, Steele and Turner-28.
NATs-None.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, To be certified to the Senate.
On motion of Mr. Allen,
Leave of absence was granted to Mr. Shine until Monday next.
Engrossed bill to be entitled An Act to unite the duties of sheriff
and tax assessor and collector in the County of Levy,
Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage, the
vote was,
YEAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley.
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Finlayson, Geiger, Hawes.
Hopkins, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Langford, Long, Lott, McCall.
Plummer, Scott, Smith, Standley, Steele and Turner-28.
NAYs-None.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, To be certified to the Senate.
Engrossed bill to be entitled an Act for the relief of Kinchen P.
Ellis,
Was read the third time, and on question of its passage the vote
was,
YEAs-Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley, Brett, Brown,
Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Hawes, Hopkins, James S. Jones, John W.
Jones, Langford, Long, Lott, McCall, Plummer, Smith, Standley, Steele, Tur-
ner and Wilkinson-24.
NATs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Brownell, Finlayson and Geiger-4
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, to be certified to the Senate.
Engrossed bill to be entitled an Act to amend an Act entitled an
Act incorporating Towns,
13








98



Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage the
vote was,
YEAs---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins,
James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Lott, McCall, Plummer, Scott, Smith, Stand-
ley, Steele, Turner and Wilkinson-26.
NAYs---Messrs. Finlayson, Langford and Long-3.
Engrossed bill to be entitled an Act to provide for the payment ot
the Florida Volunteers, -
Was read the third time, and on motion of Mr. James S. Jones was
referred to a Select Committee, consisting of Messrs. James S.
Jones, Milton and Hopkins.
Engrossed bill to be entitled An Act to provide for the transmis-
sion of election returns from the several election precincts in the
State of Florida,
Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage, the
vote was,
YEAS---Messrs. Allen, Baker, Battle, Bennett, Bradley, Brownell, Brown,
Burnham, Geiger, Hawes, Kenan, Langford, Lott, Magbee, Maxwell, Milton,
Plummer, Scott, Smith, Standley, Steele and Wilkinson---22.
NAYs---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Anderson, Brett, Bryant, Dilworth, Finlayson,
Hopkins, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Long, McCall and Turner---12.
So said bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, To be certified to the Senate.
Engrossed preamble and resolution relative to Chipola river,
Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage, the
vote was,
YEAs---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Battle, Bradley, Brett,
Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Finlayson, Geiger, Hawes, Hopkins, Jemes
S. Jones, John W. Jones, Langford, Long, Lott, Magbee, Maxwell, McCallG
Plummer, Scott, Smith, Turner and Wilkinson---28.
NAYs-Messrs. Bennett, Dilworth, Milton, Standley and Steele-5
So the preamble and resolutions were adopted.
Ordered, to be certified to the Senate.
Resolution asking an appropriation of land by Congress to aid in
building a plank road from Alligator to Jacksonville,
Was read the third time, and on question of its adoption, the vote
was,
YEAS.-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Battle, Bennett, Bradley,
Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Finlayson, Geiger, Hawes;
Hopkins, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Langford, Long, Lott, Mag-
bee, Maxwell, McCall, Plummer, Scott, Smith, Standley, Steele, Turner and
Wilkinson-33.
NAys-None.
So the resolution was adopted.
Ordered, to be certified to the Senate.








99



A bill to be entitled An act to amend the Constitution of this
State so as to prevent further amendments of that instrument by the
Legislature,
Was read a second time and, on motion of Mr. Long, laid on the
table.
A bill to be entitled An act to amend the laws governing elections,
Was read the second time and ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading on to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled An act fort the relief of William Thigpin,
Was read the second time and ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading on to-morrow.
A bill to be entitled An act in relation to Judges of Probate,
Was read the second time and ordered to be engrossed for a third
reading on to-morrow.
Senate 'bill to be entitled An act to authorize William Henry Van
Horn, a minor, to assume the management of his own estate, and to
contract and be contracted with,
Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage the
vote was:
YEAS-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Battle, Bradley, Brett,
Brownell, Brown, Buinham, Dilworth, Geiger, Hawes, James S. Jones, John,
W. Jones, Kenan, Lott, Magbee, Maxwell, McCall, Milton, Plummer, Scott,
Smith, Standley, Steele, Turner and Wilkinson-28.
NAYs-Messrs. Bennett, Finlayson, Langford and Long-4.
So the bill passed-title as stated.
Ordered, to be certified to the Senate.
Senate bill to be entitled an Act to repeal an Act to improve the
navigation of the Suwannee River,
Was read the third time, and on the question of its passage, the
vote was:
YEAS-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Battle, Bennett, Brad-
ley, Brett, Brownell, Brown, Bryant, Burnham, Dilworth, Finlayson, Geiger,
Hawes, James S. Jones, John W. Jones, Kenan, Langford, Long, Lott, Magbee,
Maxwell, McCall, Milton, Plummer, Smith, Standley, Steele, Turner and Wilk-
inson-32.
NAYs.-None.
So the bill passed, title as stated.
Ordered to be certified to the Senate.
On motion, the House adjourned until to-morrow 10 o'clock, A.


SATURDAY, December 14th, 1850.

The House met pursuant to adjournment, and the roll being called,
there was a quorum present.
After prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hume, the journal of yesterday was
read, amended, and approved.









100

Mr. Steele gave notice that he would, at an early day, ask leave
to introduce a bill to be entitled An act to extend the laws andjuris-
diction of the State of Florida over all the Territory inhabited by the
Indians, and embraced within their boundaries.
Mr. Long gave notice that he would, on some future day, ask leave
to introduce a bill to be entitled An act in relation to Judicial Pro.
ceedings in certain cases.
On motion of Mr. Long, the report of the Judiciary Committee
upon the question of the expedienry of appropriating the Seminary
Fund and the Internal Improvement to the Common School Fund,
was taken from the table, and placed among the orders of the day.
Pursuant to previous notice, Mr. Dilworth introduced a bill to be
entitled An act to Incorporate a Company to be called the Wacissa
and Ocilla Navigation Company,
Which was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading
on Monday.
On motion of Mr. James S. Jones, Messrs. Anderson and Baker
were added to the Committee on Internal Improvements.
Mr. McCall offered the following Resolutions :
WHEREAS, great neglect must necessarily occur in matters of great
importance to the people of this State, arising from a hasty sys.
tem of Legislation, caused by holding afternoon sessions.
Therefore, be it Resolved by the Rouse of Representatives, That,
fi-om and after to-day, this House shall convene at ten 10 o'clock A.
M., and adjourn at two o'clock P. M., unless important business shall,
in the opinion of the House, make it necessary to hold over during
the afternoon of each day, and unless the orders of the day shall have
been previously gone through.
Resolved, That the same shall be considered a rule of the House.
Upon the adoption of which, the yeas and nays were called, and
were as follows:
YEAs---Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson, Baker, Brett, Brownell, Brown,
Bryant, Burnham, Hawes, Hopkins, John W. Jones, Kilerease, Long, Lott,
Mathers, Maxwell, McCall, Plummer, Steele and Turner---21.
NAYs-Messrs. Bennett, Bradley, Dilworth, Finlayson, Geiger, James S.
J ones, Kenan, Langford, Magbee, Standley and Wilkinson-11.
So the Resolutions were adopted.
Mr. Anderson, from the Judiciary Committee, made the following
report:
The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the peti.
tion of Josiah J. Everett and A. W. Archer, have considered the
same, and herewith report a bill for their relief, the passage of
which they recommend.
WALKER ANDERSON,
Chairman.
Which was read and concurred in, and the accompanying bill
read the first time, and ordered for a second reading on Monday.





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