<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 September 1948
 Index


FHR UFLAW



Journal of the House of Representatives of the session of ..
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027772/00113
 Material Information
Title: Journal of the House of Representatives of the session of ..
Alternate Title: Journal of the House of Representatives, State of Florida
Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Florida of the session of ..
Physical Description: v. : ; 23-32 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Legislature. -- House of Representatives
Publisher: State Printer
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: September 1948
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Legislative journals -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Title varies slightly.
General Note: Description based on: 1907.
Funding: Digitized for the Florida House of Representatives, the Office of the Clerk.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida House of Representatives. Office of the Clerk.
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 003417935
oclc - 12901236
lccn - sn 85065608
System ID: UF00027772:00113
 Related Items
Preceded by: Journal of proceedings of the House of Representatives of the Legislature of the State of Florida
Succeeded by: Journal of the Florida House of Representatives

Table of Contents
    September 1948
        Tuesday, September 14
            Page 1499
            Page 1500
            Page 1501
            Page 1502
            Page 1503
            Page 1504
            Page 1505
            Page 1506
        Wednesday, September 15
            Page 1507
            Page 1508
            Page 1509
            Page 1510
            Page 1511
            Page 1512
            Page 1513
            Page 1514
            Page 1515
    Index
        Page 1516
Full Text






EXTRAORDINARY SESSION



JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES


Tuesday, September 14, 1948


At an extraordinary session of the Florida Legislature, convened by His Excellency, Millard F. Caldwell, Governor
of Florida, under proclamation hereafter set out, begun and held at the Capitol in the City of Tallahassee in the State
of Florida.

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1948



A PROCLAMATION BY THE GOVERNOR
STATE OF FLORIDA
Executive Department
Tallahassee

TO THE HONORABLE MEMBERS OF
THE SENATE AND THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES:

WHEREAS, a majority of the members of both Houses of the Legislature
have requested that a Special Session be convened for the purpose of clarifying
the confusion incident to the extraordinary political situation now existing in this
State,

NOW, THEREFORE, I, Millard F. Caldwell, Governor of the State of
Florida, by virtue of the power and authority vested in me by the Constitution,
do hereby convene the Legislature in Extraordinary Session at the Capitol in
Tallahassee, at ten o'clock A. M. Tuesday, September 14, 1948, for the sole
purpose of considering the enactment of laws relating to the general election,
consistent with established rights and prerogatives.



(Great Seal of
the State of
Florida)



BY THE GOVERNOR, ATTEST:


(Signed) R. A. GRAY
Secretary of State



IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have here-
unto set my hand, and have caused
the Great Seal of the State of Florida
to be affixed hereunder, at Tallahas-
see, the Capital of the State, this
tenth day of September, A. D., 1948,
and of the Independence of the
United States of America, the One
Hundred and Seventy-third year.


(Signed) MILLARD F. CALDWELL
Governor



1499













JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES September 14, 1948



The House of Representatives was called to order at 10:00
A. M., Tuesday, September 14, 1948, by Honorable Thos. D.
Beasley, Speaker of the House of Representatives.



The roll was
their names:



called and the following Members answered to



Mr. Speaker Crews
Akerman Davis
Alexander Dayton
Andrews Dekle
Barnhill Dowda
Botts Dunn
Branch Elliott
Bronson Floyd
Brown Fuqua
Bryant Gautier
Burnsed Gilmore
Burton Hardin
Carraway Hawkins
Carter Hendry
Clark, C. L. Hethcox
Mark, M. C. Horne
Clement Howell
Cobb, Tyn Ingraham
Cobb, T. T. Jenkins
Collins Johnson
Cook Lantaff
Courtney Luckie



MacWilliam Shepperd
Martin Simpson
McAlpin Smith, J. S.
McClure Smith, L. W.
McKendree Smith, M. B.
McKenzie Smith, R. C.
McMullen Stewart
Melvin Stirling
Merritt Stokes
Morgan Strayhorn
Moore Tapper
Morrow Taylor
Murray Usina
Odham Wainwright
Peacock, J. T. Walton
Peeples Williams, G. K.
Potter Williams, J. J.
Roberts Wilson
Rowell Wotitzky
Saunders Yeomans
Schuh
Sellar



A quorum present.
Prayer was offered by the Reverend Lawrence I. Stell,
Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Tallahasse.
The Speaker announced that he had excused Messrs. Camp,
Peacock of Sarasota, Kelly, Midyette and Oelkers from at-
tendance upon the Extraordinary Session of the House and
Mr. Hough from attendance upon the House today.
The Speaker confirmed the appointment of Mrs. Lamar
Bledsoe as Chief Clerk for the 1948 Extraordinary Session of
the House of Representatives.
The Speaker announced the appointment of Nathan Jones
as Sergeant-at-Arms for the 1948 Extraordinary Session of
the House of Representataives.
INTRODUCTION OF HOUSE RESOLUTIONS
By Mr. Collins of Sarasota-
H. R. No. 1-X-A Resolution Providing For The Rules Of
Procedure And Policies Of The House of Representatives For
The 1948 Extraordinary Session Of The Florida Legislature.
BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTA-
TIVES OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA IN EXTRAORDINARY
SESSION ASSEMBLED:
1. THAT the rules of procedure prevailing in the last 25
days of the 1947 regular session of the Florida Legislature
shall govern this body until the Committee on Rules & Cal-
endar shall otherwise report and such report be adopted.
2. THAT the Speaker of the House of Representatives ap-
point a Chief Clerk and a Sergeant-at-Arms and such addi-
tional attaches of the House of Representataives as may be
necessary to efficiently perform the work of this House.
3. THAT not to exceed 1,000 copies of the daily Journal
be ordered printed each day.

4. THAT the Secretary of State shall furnish to the Ser-
geant-at-Arms of the House of Representatives for the use
of Members, upon a requisition to be signed by the Sergeant-
at-Arms, such statutes, general and special, as may be re-
quested by the Representatives. Each Representative, at the
time of receiving any of said books, shall sign a receipt to the
Sergeant-at-Arms and shall, by the end of the session, return
said books so received to the Sergeant-at-Arms to be returned
by the Sergeant-at-Arms to the Secretary of State.

5. THAT the Speaker, the Chief Clerk, the Sergeant-at-
Arms and all attaches of the House of Representatives be



1500



authorized and directed to provide and carry out substantially
the same provisions for the accommodations of representa-
tives of the press at this session as Were in force at the 1947
regular session of the Legislature to press representatives.
Which was read in 4ull.

Mr. Collins moved the adoption of the resolution.

Which was agreed to and House Resolution No. 1-X was
adopted.

By Mr. Collins of Sarasota-
H. R. No. 2-X-A Resolution Providing for the Preparation,
Editing and Printing of the House Records of the House of
Representatives of the Extraordinary Session of the 1948
Florida Legislature.

BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTA-
TIVES OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA IN EXTRAORDINARY
SESSION ASSEMBLED:

1. THAT the Chief Clerk of this House be instructed to
prepare, edit and print the House records of the Extraordi-
nary Session of the 1948 House of Representatives of the
Florida Legislature in the manner prescribed by the Consti-
tution, Law, and as may be from time to time directed by
this House.

2. THAT a copy of this Resolution be transmitted to the
State Board of Commissioners and that it be spread upon
the Journal of this House.

Which was read in full.
Mr. Collins moved the adoption of the resolution.
Which was agreed to anrid House Resolution No. 2-X was
adopted.
Mr. Collins moved that all standing committees of the 1947
Regular Session of the House of Representatives constitute
the standing committees for the 1948 Extraordinary Session.

Which was agreed to, and it was so ordered.

The Speaker announced that he had added the following
members to the Committee on Elections: Messrs. Clement of
Pinellas, Shepperd of St. Johns, and Bryant of Marion.

A committee from the Senate composed of Senators Crary,
Fraser (29th) and Laird appeared at the bar of the House
of Representatives and informed the House that the Senate
was organized and ready to pioceEd to the business of the
Extraordinary Session.

Mr. Clement of Pinellas moved that a committee of three
be appointed to inform the Senate that the House is organized
and ready to proceed to the business of the Extraordinary
Session.

Which was agreed to.

Thereupon the Speaker appointed Messrs. Clement of Pinel-
las, Shepperd of St. Johns and Collins of Sarasota who retired
and after a brief absence returned and reported that they
had performed the duty assigned them and were thereupon
discharged.

Mr. Simpson of Jefferson moved that a committee of three
be appointed to wait upon Governor Millard Caldwell and
notify His Excellency that the House of Representatives is
organized and ready to proceed to the business of the Extra-
ordinary Session.
Which was agreed to.

Thereupon the Speaker appointed Messrs. Simpson of Jef-
ferson, Johnson of Gadsderi and Branch of Hillsborough who
retired and after a brief absence returned and reported that
they had performed the duty assigned them and were there-
upon discharged.












September 14, 1948 JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



The following message was received and read:
State of Florida
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT
Tallahassee
September 13, 1948
Honorable Thomas D. Beasley
Speaker of the House
House Chamber
The Capitol
Tallahassee, Florida
Dear Mr. Speaker Beasley:
I will be grateful if you will cause the enclosed message to
be read to the House of Representatives upon its convening.
Sincerely,
MILLARD F. CALDWELL,
Governor
GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE
Extraordinary Session
September 14, 1948
Mr. President Clarke, Mr. Speaker Beasley,
Members of the Senate and House of Representatives:
This extraordinary session, called at the behest of a ma-
jority of the members of both Houses, for the purpose of
clarifying the confused political situation in the State, is
charged with the grave responsibility of solving the problem in
a fair and valid manner.

No effort should be spared in making certain that your
decisions are consonant with the requirements of the Consti-
tution. Care should be taken to see that our official acts may
be characterized as a forthright and eminently fair endeavor
to eliminate the prevailing chaos and allow a free and ef-
fective exercise of the right of franchise.
Mr, Stokes proposed the introduction of a resolution re-
questing the resignation of the Attorney General of Florida.

Mr. Collins called a point of order that the resolution was
out of order in that the Extraordinary Session was convened
for the sole purpose of considering the enactment of laws
relating to the general election.

The Speaker ruled the point well taken.

INTRODUCTION OF HOUSE BILLS

By Messrs. Puqua of Manatee, Bryant of Marion, Morgan
of Duval, Shepperd of St. Johns, Strayhorn of Lee, Burnsed
of Baker, Dayton of Pasco, Stokes of Bay, Elliott of Palm
Beach, Tapper of Gulf and Simpson of Jefferson-

H. B. No. 1-X-A bill to be entitled An Act relating to the
general election to be held November 2, 1948, providing a
method for voting for Presidential Electors and for other
officers at such election; providing the substance and content
of the ballot to be used in such election for Presidential Elec-
tors and for state and county officers; prescribing the duties
of certain officers incident to the preparation of the ballot and
the conduct of such election and the canvassing of the returns;
designating the nominees of certain political parties for the
office of Presidential Elector to be included in the ballot for
such election; prescribing certain regulations with reference
to the arrangement of voting machines; repealing Section
99.57, Florida Statutes 1941, as amended, excepting from the
provisions of Section 99.58, Florida Statutes 1941, as the same
pertains to Presidential Electors; defining the responsibility
of nominees of political parties of the oath subscribed to as
candidates under the provisions of Section 102.29, Florida
Statutes 1941; providing for the qualification of other candi-
dates for president and vice-president and their electors;
otherwise regulating the conduct of such election, and fixing
the effective date, and repealing all laws or parts of laws in
conflict herewith.



Which was read the first time by title and referred to the
Committee on Elections.

Mr. Clement of Pinellas moved that the rules be waived and
that when the House adjourn it adjourn to reconvene at 1:00
P. M. today.

Pending consideration thereof-

Mr. Simpson moved that the rules be waived and House
Bill No. 1-X be withdrawn from the Committee on Elections
and placed on the Calendar.

A roll call was demanded.

When the vote was taken on the motion that the rules be
waived and House Bill No. 1-X be withdrawn from the Com-
mittee on Elections and placed on the Calendar, the result
was:



Yeas-49.

Mr. Speaker
Alexander
Baker
Barnhill
Botts
Branch
Bronson
Burnsed
Burton
Carraway
Clark, M. C.
Cobb, T. T.
Collins

Nays-37.
Akerman
Andrews
Brown
Bryant
Carter

Clark, C. L.
Clement
Cobb, Tyn
Cook
Courtney

The motion



Crews
Davis
Dayton
Dunn
Elliott
Floyd
Fuqua
Hendry
Home
Howell
Ingraham
Johnson
Luckie



MacWilliam
Martin
McClure
McKendree
Melvin
Morgan
Morrow
Odham
Peacock, J. T.
Peeples
Potter
Roberts
Rowell



Saunders
Simpson
Smith, L. W.
Smith, R. C.
Strayhorn
Taylor
Williams, J. J.
Wilson
Wotitzky
Yeomans



Dekle McKenzie Stirling
Dowda McMullen Stokes
Gautier Merritt Tapper
Gilmore Moore Usina
Hardin Schuh Wainwright
Hawkins Sellar Walton
Hethcox Shepperd Williams, G. K.
Jenkins Smith, J. S.
Lantaff Smith, M. B.
McAlpin Stewart

was not agreed to by a two-thirds vote.



Mr. Clement moved that the rules be waived and when the
House adjourn it adjourn to reconvene at 12:00 o'clock Noon.

Pending consideration thereof-
Mr. Stokes offered a substitute motion that the rules be
waived and when the House adjourn it adjourn to reconvene
at 2:00 P. M.

A roll call was demanded.

When the vote was taken on the substitute motion that
when the House adjourn it adjourn to reconvene at 2:00 P. M.,
the result was:



Yeas-54.
Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Andrews
Baker
Barnhill
Branch
Bryant
Burnsed
Burton
Carter
Clark, C. L.
Cobb, Tyn
Collins
Cook



Davis
Dayton
Dekle
Floyd
Fuqua
Gautier
Gilmore
Hardin
Hawkins
Hendry
Hethcox
Ingraham
Jenkins
Lantaff



MacWilliam
Martin
McAlpin
McKendree
McKenzie
McMullen
Melvin
Merritt
Moore
Odham
Roberts
Sellar
Saunders
Shepperd



Simpson
Smith, J. S.
Smith, M. B.
Stewart
Stirling
Stokes
Strayhorn
Tapper
Taylor
Usina
Wainwright
Williams, G. K.



1501













JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES September 14, 1948



Nays-31.



Alexander Crews McClure sml n, L. w.
Botts Dowda Morgan Smith, R. C.
Bronson Dunn Morrow Walton
Brown Elliott Murray Williams, J. J.
Carraway Home Peeples Wilson
Clement Howell Potter Wotitzky
Cobb, T. T. Johnson Rowell Yeomans
Courtney Luckie Schuh

The substitute motion was agreed to.

Mr. Stokes moved that the rules be waived and the House
do now adjourn.



A roll call was demanded.

When the vote was taken on the motion
waived and the House do now adjourn, the



Davis
Dayton
Dekle
Dowda
Floyd
Gilmore
Hendry
Hethcox
Ingraham
Jenkins
MacWilliam



Crews
Dunn
Elliott
Fuqua
Gautier
Hardin
Hawkins
Home
Howell
Johnson
Lantaff
Luckie



Martin
McAlpin
McMullen
Moore
Peeples
Roberts
Rowell
Sellar
Shepperd
Simpson
Smith, J. S.



McClure
McKendree
Melvin
Merritt
Morgan
Morrow
Murray
Odhani
Peacock, J. T.
Potter
Saunders
Schuh



hat the rules be
result was:



Smith, M. B.
Stewart
Stokes
Strayhorn
Taylor
Usina
Wainwright
Williams, G. K.
Wotitzky




Smith, L. W.
Smith, R. C.
Stirling
Tapper
Walton
Williams, J. J.
Wilson
Yeomans



The motion was not agreed to by a two-third vote.

Mr. Clement moved that the rules be waived and that the
Committee on Elections be required to file a report on House
Bill No. 1-X by 2:10 P. M. this afternoon

A roll call was demanded.

When the vote was taken on the motion that the rules be
waived and the Committee on Elections be required to file
a report on House Bill No. 1-X by 2:10 P. M. this afternoon,
the result was:



MacWilliam
McClure
McKenzie
McMullen
Melvin
Merritt
Morgan
Morrow
Murray
Odham
Peacock, J. T.
Peeples
Potter
Roberts
Rowell
Saunders



Schuh
Simpson
Smith, L. W.
Smith, M. B.
Smith, R. C.
Stirling
Strayhorn
Tapper
Taylor
Walton
Williams, J. J.
Wilson
Wotitzky
Yeomans



Nays-24.
Akerman Dekle Martin Stewart
Bryant Dowda McAlpin Stokes
Carter Hendry Moore Usina
Clark, C. L. Hethcox Sellar Wainwright
Cobb, Tyn Ingraham Shepperd Williams, G. K.
Collins Jenkins Smith, J. S.
The motion was agreed to by a two-thirds vote, and the
Committee on Elections was instructed to file a report on
House Bill No. 1-X by 2:10 P. M. this afternoon.
Mr. Clement moved that the rules be waived and the House
do now adjourn to reconvene at 2:00 o'clock this afternoon.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
Thereupon at the hour of 11:00 A. M. the House stood ad-
journed until 2:00 o'clock this afternoon.


AFTERNOON SESSION
The House was called to order by the Speaker at 2:00 P. M.



The roll was called and
to their names:



Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Andrews
Baker .
Barnhill
Botts
Branch
Bronson
Brown
Bryant
Burnsed
Burton
Carraway
Carter
Clark, C. L.
Clark, M. C.
Clement
Cobb, Tyn
Cobb, T. T.
Collins
Cook
A quorum



Courtney
Crews
Davis
Dayton
Dekle
Dowda
Dunn
Elliott
Floyd
Fuqua
Gautier
Gilmore
Hardin
Hawkins
Hendry
Hethcox
Home
Howell
Ingraham
Jenkins
Johnson
Lantaff
present.



the following members answered



Luckie
McClure
MacWilliam
Martin
McAlpin
Melvin
McKendree
McKenzie
McMullen
Morrow
Merritt
Moore
Morgan
Murray
Odham
Peacock, J. T.
Peeples
Potter
Roberts
Rowell
Saunders
Simpson



Schuh
Shepperd
Smith, R. C.
Sellar
Smith, M. B.
Smith, J. S.
Smith, L. W.
Stokes
Stewart
Stirling
Strayhorn
Tapper
Taylor
Usina
Wainwright
Walton
Williams, K.
Williams, J. J.
Wilson
Wotitzky
Yeomans



Mr. Stokes, Chairman of the Committee on Elections, re-
quested that the committee be granted an additional hour
for consideration of House Bill No. 1-X.
Which was agreed to.
Mr. Stokes moved that the House do now stand in recess
until 3:10 P. M.
Which was agreed to.
Pursuant to recess order, the House reconvened at 3:10 P. M.
COMMITTEE REPORT
September 14, 1948.
Mr. Stokes of Bay, Chairman of the Committee on Elections,
reported that the Committee had carefully considered the
following bill and recommends it pass, as amended

H. B. No. 1-X-A bill to be entitled An Act relating to the
General Election to be held November 2, 1948, providing a
method for voting for Presidential Electors and for other
officers at such election; providing the substance and con-
tent of the Ballot to be used in such Election for Presidential
Electors and for State and County Officers; prescribing the
duties of certain officers incident to the preparation of the
ballot and the conduct of such election and the canvassing
of the returns; designating the nominees of certain political
parties for the office of Presidential Elector to be included
in the Ballot for such Election; prescribing certain regulations



Yeas-42.

Akerman
Andrews
Baker
Branch
Burton
Carter
Clark, C. L.
Cobb, Tyn
Collins
Cook
Courtney

Nays-44.

Mr. Speaker
Alexander
Barnhill
Botts
Bronson
Brown
Bryant
Burnsed
Carraway
Clark, M. C.
Clement
Cobb, T. T.



Yeas-61.
Mr. Speaker
Alexander
Andrews
Baker
Barnhill
Botts
Branch
Bronson
Brown
Burnsed
Burton
Carraway
Clark, M. C.
Clement
Cobb, T. T.
Cook



Courtney
Crews
Davis
Dayton
Dunn
Elliott
Floyd
Fuqua
Gautier
Gilmore
Hardin
Home
Howell
Johnson
Lantaff
Luckie



" '"'












JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



with reference to the arrangement on voting machines; re-
pealing Section 99.57, Florida Statutes 1941, as amended, ex-
cepting from the provisions of Section 99.58, Florida Statutes
1941. as the same pertains to Presidential Electors; defining
the responsibility of nominees of political parties of the oath
subscribed to as candidates under the provisions of Section
102.29, Florida Statutes 1941; providing for the qualification
of other candidates for President and Vice President and their
Electors; otherwise regulating the conduct of such election,
and fixing the effective date, and repealing all laws or parts
of laws in conflict herewith.
Which amendments read as follows:
Amendment No. 1:
In Section 1, lines 40 and 41 of the bill, strike out every-
thing between "Frank W. Hazelton (D)," and "and these
shall" and insert the following: "Win. V. Albury," "Holmes
"L. Allen," "John Pugh," and "Madge Ward".
Amendment No. 2:
In Section 1, lines 58, 59, 60, of the ill, strike stre out every-
thing between "William L. Coats (D)," and "and these names"
and insert the following in lieu thereof: "Eula M. Fuller,"
"John W. Martin," "John O'Bannon," "Frank D. Upchurch".
Amendment No. 3:
In Section 5, lines 19 and 20, strike out the words: "shall
be left to the discretion of the officer charged with the print-
ing of said ballots" and insert in lieu thereof the following:
"as the Secretary of State shall direct and shall be uniform
throughout the State."
Amendment No. 4:
In Section 1, of the bill, insert the following between lines
75 and 76:
"The fourth column shall have printed therein the fol-
lowing: A circle not less than three-fourths an inch in diam-
eter, then shall appear the words 'Henry A. Wallace' and
thereunder, 'for President,' then the words 'Glen Taylor,'
and thereunder the words 'for Vice-President,' then the words
"Presidential Electors,' then the names of the eight Presidential
Electors as follows: '. .
.......... ...... .. I.......................... ...............
.....................' and these names shall be printed in the same
style as provided for in the first column."
Amendment No. 5:
In Section 4, line 2, of the bill, strike out the words "more
than five per cent (5%)" and insert the following in lieu
thereof: "a portion".
Amendment No. 6:
In Section 10, of the bill, strike out said Section 10 in its
entirety.
Amendment No. 7:
In Section 7, strike out all of said Section and insert the
following in lieu thereof, a new Section 7 to read as follows:
"SECTION 7. Nothing, except as herein provided for Pres-
idential Electors is to be construed as giving the privilege of
any name to be printed on the ballot as a candidate for state,
district or county office unless such persons is the duly
certified nominee of a recognized political party as defined
in Section 102.02 as amended, and has heretofore been nomi-
nated in a regular primary election (except that any vacan-
cies in such primary nominations that may hereafter occur
shall be filled and printed on the ballot as now provided by
law) as a candidate for Congress, state office, district, circuit
or county office."
And House Bill No. 1-X, contained in the above report, to-
gether with Committee Amendments thereto, was placed on
the Calendar of Bills on Second reading.
Mr. Home moved the rules be waived and the House do now
proceed to the order of consideration of House Bills on Sec-
ond Reading.



1503



Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
H. B. No. 1-X-A bill to be entitled An Act relating to the
general election to be held November 2, 1948, providing a
method for voting for Presidential Electors and for other of-
ficers at such election; providing the substance and content
of the ballot to be used in such election for Presidential Elec-
tors and for state and county officers; prescribing the duties
of certain officers incident to the preparation of the ballot
and the conduct of such election and the canvassing of the
returns; designating the nominees of certain political parties
for the office of Presidential Elector to be included in the bal-
lot for such election; prescribing certain regulations with ref-
erence to the arrangement on voting machines; repealing
Section 99.57, Florida Statutes 1941, as amended, excepting
from the provisions of Section 99.58, Florida Statutes 1941,
as the same pertains to Presidential Electors; defining the
responsibility of nominees of political parties of the oath sub-
scribed to as candidates under the provisions of Section 102.29,
Florida Statutes 1941; providing for the qualification of other
candidates for President and Vice President and their Elec-
tors; otherwise regulating the conduct of such election, and
fixing the effective date, and repealing all laws or parts of laws
in conflict herewith.
Was taken up.
Mr. Home moved that the rules be waived and House Bill
No. 1-X be read the second time by title.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
And House Bill No. 1-X was read the second time by title.
Mr. Horne moved that the House do now stand in recess
until 4:00 P. M.
Which was agreed to.
Thereupon at the hour of 3:22 P. M. the House stood in
recess.
Pursuant to recess order, the House reconvened at 4:00 P. M.
Mr. Clement moved that the House do now stand in recess
until 4:30 P. M.
Pending consideration thereof-
Mr. Stokes moved that the House adjourn until 10:00 A. M.
tomorrow.
Which was not agreed to.
The question then recurred on the motion by Mr. Clement
that the House do now stand in recess until 4:30 P. M.
Which was agreed to.
Thereupon at 4:02 P. M. the House stood in recess.
Pursuant to recess order, the House reconvened at 4:30
P.M.
Mr. Clement moved that the House do now stand in recess
for ten minutes.
Pending consideration thereof-
Mr. Lantaff moved that the rules be waived and that the
House do now revert to the order of introduction of a House
Resolution expressing regret on the illness of a Member of the
House.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
By Messrs. Lantaff and Gautier of Dade-
House Resolution No. 3-X-
WHEREAS, it has come to the attention of the Members
of the 1948 Extraordinary Session of the Legislature that Hon-
orable Richard Oelkers, Jr., one of the outstanding members
of this House during the 1945-47 Sessions, is ill and prevented
by such illness from attending this Extraordinary Session,
and
WHEREAS, the said Honorable Richard Oelkers, Jr., is held
in the highest esteem and is beloved by all of his fellow mem-
bers, and



September 14, 1948












1504



JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



WHEREAS, it is the desire of this House duly assembled
to convey its deepest sympathy and regrets during the time of
his illness,
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED by the 1948 Extra-
ordinary Session of the Florida House of Representatives that
this body deeply regrets the illness of its esteemed and beloved
member, the Honorable Richard Oelkers, Jr., and expresses
and conveys to him its hopes for his speedy recovery.
Which was read in full.

Mr. Lantaff moved the adoption of the resolution.
Which was agreed to, and House Resolution No. 3-X was
adopted.
Mr. Clement moved that the rules be waived and that the
House do now take up the consideration of Messages from the
Senate.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
And-

MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE
The following message from the Senate was received and
read:
SENATE CHAMBER
Tallahassee, Florida,
September 14, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir-
I am directed by the Senate to inform the House of Repre-
sentatives that the Senate has passed-
S. B. No. 2-X-A bill to be entitled An Act relating to the
general election to be held November 2, 1948, Providing a
method for voting for Presidential Electors and for other offi-
cers at such election; Providing the substance and content of
the Ballot to be used in such election for Presidential Electors
and for State and County Officers; Providing for the Quali-
fication of other candidates for President and Vice-President
and their electors; Otherwise Regulating the conduct of such
election; Prescribing the Duties of Certain Officers incident
to the preparation of the ballot and the conduct of such elec-
tion and the canvassing of the returns; Designating the Nomi-
nees of certain political parties for the office of Presidential
Elector to be included in the ballot for such election; Prescrib-
ing certain regulations with reference to the arrangement on
voting machines; Repealing Section 99.57, Florida Statutes
1941, as amended, excepting from the provisions of Chapter
23957, Laws of Florida, Acts of 1947, as the same pertains to
Presidential Electors; Defining the Responsibility of Nominees
of Political Parties of the Oath subscribed to as candidates
under the provisions of Section 102.29, Florida Statutes 1941;
and fixing the effective date and repealing all laws or parts
of laws in conflict herewith.
And respectfully requests the concurrence of the House
therein.
Very respectfully,
ROBT. W. DAVIS,
Secretary of the Senate.
And Senate Bill No. 2-X, contained in the above Message,
was read the first time by its title.
Mr. Clement moved that the rules be waived and Senate
Bill No. 2-X be read a second time by its title.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
And Senate Bill No. 2-X was read a second time by its title.
Amendment No. 1:
Mr. Jenkins of Alachua offered the following amendment
to Senate Bill No. 2-X:

Strike out the enacting clause.



September 14, 1948



Mr. Jenkins moved the adoption of the amendment.
Pending consideration thereof.
Mr. Clement moved that the rules be waived and that the
time of adjournment be extended until after final roll call on
Senate Bill No. 2-X.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote, and it was so
ordered.
The question then recurred on the motion by Mr. Jenkins
to adopt Amendment No. 1.
Pending consideration thereof.

Mr. Simpson moved that Amendment No. 1 be laid on the
table.

A roll call was demanded.
When the vote was taken on the motion to lay Amendment
No. 1 on the table, the result was:



Yeas-76.
Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Baker
Barnhill
Botts
Branch
Bronson
Brown
Bryant
Burnsed
Burton
Carraway
Carter
Clark, C. L.
Clark, M. C.
Clement
Cobb, Tyn
Cobb, T. T.
Collins
Nays-10.
Andrews
Dowda
Jenkins



Cook
Courtney
Crews
Davis
Dayton
Dekle
Dunn
Elliott
Floyd
Fuqua
Gautier
Gilmore
Hardin
Hawkins
Hendry
Hethcox
Horne
Howell
Ingraham
Johnson


McAlpin
Moore
Peeples



Lantaff
Luckie
MacWilliam
Martin
McClure
McKendree
McKenzie
McMullen
Melvin
Merritt
Morgan
Morrow
Murray
Odham
Peacock, J. T.
Potter
Roberts
Rowell
Saunders
Schuh


Smith, J. S.
Stewart,
Stokes



Sellar
Shepperd
Simpson
Smith, L. W.
Smith, M. B.
Smith, R. C.
Stirling
Strayhorn
Tapper
Taylor
Usina
Walton
Williams, G. K.
Wilson
Wotitzky
Yeomans






Wainwright



The motion was agreed to, and Amendment No. 1 was laid
on the table. Mr. Simpson moved that the rules be waived
and Senate Bill No. 2-X be read in full for the benefit of the
members of the House and that the bill retain its place on
second reading.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
And Senate Bill No. 2-X was read in full.
Amendment No. 2:
Mr. Morrow of Palm Beach offered the following amend-
ment to Senate Bill No. 2-X:
In Section 3 of the bill, strike out all of Section 3 and insert
the following in lieu thereof:
"Section 3. Communism and the Communistic Party are
subversive to the Democratic Government as expressed in the
Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the
State of Florida. The Progressive Party and any other polit-
ical party which collaborates with, caters to, or solicits patron-
age from the Communistic Party or any members thereof, is
prima facie a party subversive to the Government of the
United States and the State of Florida.
"Section 3A. Any Political Party which is subversive to the
Constitution of the United States or the Constitution of the
State of Florida, is hereby declared unlawful in the State of
Florida.
"Section 3B. Any party which has been outlawed in the
State of Florida, or any member of such party, shall not be
entitled to a place on any election ballot of the State of
Florida or any political subdivision thereof."












September 14, 1948



JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



Mr. Morrow moved the adoption of the amendment.
Pending consideration thereof-
Mr. Bryant offered the following substitute amendment for
Amendment No. 2:
Substitute Amendment for Amendment No. 2:
In Section 3, line 2, of the bill, strike out the words "more
than five per cent (5%)" and insert the following in lieu
thereof: "a substantial number."
Mr. Bryant moved the adoption of the amendment.
Pending consideration thereof:
Mr. Morrow moved that the substitute amendment be laid
on the table.
Which was agreed to, and the substitute amendment was
laid on the table.
The question then recurred on the motion by Mr. Morrow
to adopt Amendment No. 2.
Pending consideration thereof-
Mr. Hethcox moved that Amendment No. 2 be laid on the
table.
A roll call was demanded.
When the vote was taken on the motion to lay Amendment
No. 2 on the table, the result was:
Yeas-51.



Cobb, T. T.
Cook
Courtney
Crews
Davis
Dayton
Dunn
Elliott
Fuqua
Gautier
Hardin
Hawkins
Hethcox


Floyd
Gilmore
Hendry
Ingraham
Jenkins
McAlpin
Melvin
Moore
Morrow



The motion was agreed
on the table.



Horne
Howell
Johnson
Lantaff
Luckie
MacWilliam
Martin
McClure
McKendree
McKenzie
McMullen
Merritt
Morgan


Peacock, J. T.
Peeples
Potter
Roberts
Rowell
Saunders
Smith, J. S.
Stewart
Stirling



Murray
Odham
Schuh
Sellar
Shepperd
Simpson
Smith, L. W.
Smith, M. B.
Smith, R. C.
Usina
Wotitzky
Yeomans



Stokes
Strayhorn
Tapper
Taylor
Wainwright
Walton
Williams, G. K.
Williams, J. J.
Wilson



to, and Amendment No. 2 was laid



Amendment No. 3:
Messrs. Luckie of Duval and Clement of Pinellas offered the
following amendment to Senate Bill No. 2-X:
In Section 3, line 2, of the bill, strike out the words "more
than five per cent (5%) and insert the following in lieu there-
of: "several."
Mr. Clement moved the adoption of the amendment.
Which was agreed to, and Amendment No. 3 was adopted.
Amendment No. 4:
Mr. Collins of Sarasota offered the following amendment
to Senate Bill No. 2-X:

In Section 1, Page 3, starting line two, strike out the para-
graph, and starting line 28, strike out the paragraph.
Mr. Collins moved the adoption of the amendment.
Pending consideration thereof-



Mr. Hethcox moved that the amendment be laid on the
table.
Which was agreed to, and Amendment No. 4 was laid on
the table.
Amendment No. 5:
Messrs Gautier and Lantaff of Dade offered the following
amendment to Senate Bill No. 2-X:
Strike out everything after the enacting clause and insert
the following in lieu thereof:
"Section 1. In the preparation of any general election bal-
lot hereafter in the State of Florida, there shall be placed
thereon the names of the candidates for President and Vice
President of the United States who may have been nomi-
nated by any major national political party. "Major national
political party", as used herein, is defined to mean a political
party which, subsequent to January 1, 1900, elected a Presi-
dent of the United States.
Section 2. The names of presidential electors to be placed
on the general election ballot shall be chosen by the State
Executive Committee of any major national political party,
as defined above, and such names shall be certified by said
Committee to the Secretary of State of the State of Florida
not less than thirty days prior to the date of any general
presidential election; provided, however, that the name of
any person who may have been nominated by any major na-
tional political party for the office of presidential elector and
who shall have filed with the State Executive Committee of
his party a written pledge to support the nominee of such
political party, shall be included in the names of the presi-
dential electors so certified to the Secretary of State of the
State of Florida by such Committee.
Section 3. When there shall be submitted to the Secre-

tary of State of the State of Florida a petition containing the
signatures and addresses of not less than five hundred (500)
registered electors of Florida describing themselves as mem-
bers of a political party which is not a major national political
party, as herein defined, requesting the Secretary of State to
certify for printing on the general election ballot to be used
at a national presidential election the names of nominees of
their party for the offices of President and Vice President
of the United States and which nominees of said party have
been nominated in a duly convened national political con-
vention of such party, together with the names of presidential
electors for such party, the Secretary of State shall certify
for printing on such ballot the names of such candidates for
President and Vice President of said party and the names of
such candidates for presidential electors. Such names, as afore-
said, shall be printed upon said ballot in as conspicuous a place
as the nominees for President and Vice President and presi-
dential electors of any major national political party.
Section 4. In the preparation of any such general election
ballot, there shall be printed thereon, in separate columns, the
names of the political parties entitled under the provisions
of this Act to have their candidates' names for President and
Vice President of the United States printed thereon; and im-
mediately under the party names shall appear the names of
the respective candidates of such parties for President and
Vice President of the United States, followed by the names
of the nominees of such respective parties for the office of
presidential elector. Provision shall be made so that an elec-
tor may vote for all presidential electors of his choice by vot-
ing for the Presidential nominee.
Section 5. In the preparation of such ballot (and, in those
precincts where voting machines are used, on such machines)
provision shall be made so that any elector desiring so to do
may vote a straight party ticket for all district, county, and
state nominees of any political party having nominated can-
didates for district, county, and state offices in the primary
election immediately preceding the general election for which
such ballot is prepared, the form thereof to accord as closely
as possible as to such offices with the requirement of the pro-
visions of Section 99.57, Florida Statutes, 1941.

Section 6. Should any sentence, paragraph, part or section
hereof be held to be unconstitutional or invalid for any other



1505



Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Baker
Barnhill
Branch
Bronson
Bryant
Burnsed
Carraway
Clark, C. L.
Clark, M. C.
Clement
Nays-36.
Andrews
Botts
Brown
Burton
Carter
Cobb, Tyn
Collins
Dekle
Dowda












JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



September 14, 1948



reason, such holding shall not affect the validity of the re-
mainsder of this Act.

Section 7. All laws or parts of laws in conflict herewith
be and the same are hereby repealed.

Section 8. This Act shall take effect immediately upon its
passage and approval by the Governor, or upon its becoming
a law without such approval."

Mr. Gautier moved the adoption of the amendment.

Pending consideration thereof-

Mr. Moore moved that the House do now stand in recess
until 8:30 P. M. so that Amendment No. 5 could be mimeo-
graphed.

Pending consideration thereof-

Mr. Melvin moved that the rules be waived and the House
do now adjourn until 10:00 A. M. tomorrow.

A roll call was demanded.

When the vote was taken on the motion that the rules be
waived and the House do now adjourn until 10:00 A. M. to-
morrow, the result was:



Yeas-60.
Andrews
Botts
Branch
Bronson
Bryant
Burton
Carter
Clark, M. C.
Cobb, Tyn
Cobb. T. T.
Collins
Cook
Courtney
Crews
Davis
Nays-27.
Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Baker
Barnhill
Brown
Burnsed



Dayton
Dekle
Dowda
Dunn
Elliott
Floyd
Fuqua
Gautier
Hardin
Hawkins
Hendry
Hethcox
Howell
Ingraham
Jenkins


Carraway
Clark, C. L.
Clement
Gilmore
Home
McClure
McKendree



Johnson
Lantaff
Luckie
MacWilliam
Martin
McAlpin
McMullen
Melvin
Merritt
Moore
Morgan
Morrow
Odham
Peacock, J. T.
Peeples


McKenzie
Murray
Potter
Rowell
Schuh
Shepperd
Smith. L. W.



Roberts
Saunders
Sellar
Simpson
Smith, J. S.
Smith, M. B.
Stewart
Stirling
Stokes
Taylor
Wainwright
Walton
Williams, G. K.
Wotitzky
Yeomans


Smith, R. C.
Strayhorn
Tapper
Usina
Williams, J. J.
Wilson



The motion was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.

Thereupon at the hour of 6:52 P. M. the House stood ad-
journed until 10:00 A. M. tomorrow.



1506













EXTRAORDINARY SESSION


JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



Wednesday, September 15, 1948



The House was called to order by the Speaker at 10 A. M.
The roll was called and the following members answered to
their names:



Crews
Davis
Dayton
Dekle
Dowda
Dunn
Elliott
Floyd
Fuqua
Gautier
Gilmore
Hardin
Hawkins
Hendry
Hethcox
Home
Hough
Howell
Ingraham
Jenkins
Johnson
Lantaff



Luckie
MacWilliam
Martin
McAlpin
McClure
McKendree
McKenzle
McMullen
Melvin
Merritt
Morgan
Moore
Morrow
Murray
Odham
Peacock, J. T.
Peeples
Potter
Roberts
Rowell
Saunders
Schuh



Sellar
Shepperd
Simpson
Smith, J. S.
Smith, L. W.
Smith, M. B.
Smith, R. C.
Stewart
Stirling
Stokes
Strayhorn
Tapper
Taylor
Usina
Wainwright
Walton
Williams, G. K.
Williams, J. J.
Wilson
Wotitzky
Yeomans



A quorum present.
Prayer was offered by the Reverend Lawrence I. Stell,
Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Tallahassee.
The reading of the Journal was dispensed with.
The Journal for Tuesday, September 14, was ordered cor-
rected as follows: On page 2, column 1, after line 5, reading
from top of page, insert the following: "Mr. Speaker."
On page 7, lefthand column,. strike out line 10, counting
from bottom of the page and insert the following: "than five
per cent (5%) and insert the following in lieu thereof: "several."
The Journal of September 14, as corrected, was approved.
The Speaker announced the appointment of Mrs. Callie Mae
Bridges as Enrolling Clerk for the House of Representatives
during the 1948 Extraordinary Session.
UNFINISHED BUSINESS
S. B. No. 2-X-A bill to be entitled An Act relating to the
general election to be held November 2, 1948, Providing a
method for voting for Presidential Electors and for other offi-
cers at such election; Providing the substance and content of
the Ballot to be used in such election for Presidential Electors
and for State and County Officers; Providing for the Quali-
fication of other candidates for President and Vice-President
and their electors; Otherwise Regulating the conduct of such
election; Prescribing the Duties of Certain Officers incident
to the preparation of the ballot and the conduct of such elec-
tion and the canvassing of the returns; Designating the Nomi-
nees of certain political parties for the office of Presidential
Elector to be included in the ballot for such election; Prescrib-
ing certain regulations with reference to the arrangement on
voting machines; Repealing Section 99.57, Florida Statutes
1941, as amended, excepting from the provisions of Chapter
23957, Laws of Florida, Acts of 1947, as the same pertains to
Presidential Electors; Defining the Responsibility of Nominees
of Political Parties of the Oath subscribed to as candidates
under the provisions of Section 102.29, Florida Statutes 1941;
and fixing the effective date and repealing all laws or parts
of laws in conflict herewith.

Was taken up together with the following pending amend-
ment:



Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Andrews
Baker
Barnhill
Botts
Branch
Bronson
Brown
Bryant
Burnsed
Burton
Carraway
Carter
Clark, C. L.
Clark, M. C.
Clement
Cobb, Tyn
Cobb, T. T.
Collins
Cook



1507



Amendment No. 5:
Strike out everything after the enacting clause and insert
the following in lieu thereof:
"Section 1. In the preparation of any general election bal-
lot hereafter in the State of Florida, there shall be placed
thereon the names of the candidates for President and Vice
President of the United States who may have been nomi-
nated by any major national political party. "Major national
political party", as used herein, is defined to mean a political
party which, subsequent to January 1, 1900, elected a Presi-
dent of the United States.
Section 2. The names of presidential electors to be placed
on the general election ballot shall be chosen by the State
Executive Committee of any major national political party,
as defined above, and such names shall be certified by said
Committee to the Secretary of State of the State of Florida
not less than thirty days prior to the date of any general
presidential election; provided, however, that the name of
any person who may have been nominated by any major na-
tional political party for the office of presidential elector and
who shall have filed with the State Executive Committee of
his party a written pledge to support the nominee of such
political party, shall be included in the names of the presi-
dential electors so certified to the Secretary of State of the
State of Florida by such Committee.

Section 3. When there shall be submitted to the Secre-
tary of State of the State of Florida a petition containing the
signatures and addresses of not less than five hundred (500)
registered electors of Florida describing themselves as mem-
bers of a political party which is not a major national political
party, as herein defined, requesting the Secretary of State to
certify for printing on the general election ballot to be used
at a national presidential election the names of nominees of
their party for the offices of President and Vice President
of the United States and which nominees of said party have
been nominated in a duly convened national political con-
vention of such party, together with the names of presidential
electors for such party, the Secretary of State shall certify
for printing on such ballot the names of such candidates for
President and Vice President of said party and the names of
such candidates for presidential electors. Such names, as afore-
said, shall be printed upon said ballot in as conspicuous a place
as the nominees for President and Vice President and presi-
dential electors of any major national political party.

Section 4. In the preparation of any such general election
ballot, there shall be printed thereon, in separate columns, the
names of the political parties entitled under the provisions
of this Act to have their candidates' names for President and
Vice President of the United States printed thereon; and im-
mediately under the party names shall appear the names of
the respective candidates of such parties for President and
Vice President of the United States, -followed by the names
of the nominees of such respective parties for the office of
presidential elector. Provision shall be made so that an elec-
tor may vote for all presidential electors of his choice by vot-
ing for the Presidential nominee.

Section 5. In the preparation of such ballot (and, in those
precincts where voting machines are used, on such machines)
provision shall be made so that any elector desiring so to do
may vote a straight party ticket for all district, county, and
state nominees of any political party having nominated can-
didates for district, county, and state offices in the primary
election immediately preceding the general election for which
such ballot is prepared, the form thereof to accord as closely
as possible as to such offices with the requirement of the pro-
visions of Section 99.57, Florida Statutes, 1941.













JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



September 15, 1948



Section 6. Should any sentence, paragraph, part or section
hereof be held to be unconstitutional or invalid for any other
reason, such holding shall not affect the validity of the re-
mainder of this Act.

Section 7. All laws or parts of laws in conflict herewith
be and the same are hereby repealed.

Section 8. This Act shall take effect immediately upon its
passage and approval by the Governor, or upon its becoming
a law without such approval."

The question then recurred on the motion by Mr. Gautier
to adopt Amendment No. 5.

Pending consideration thereof-

Mr. Hethcox moved that the amendment be laid on the
table.

Which was agreed to, and Amendment No. 5 was laid on
the table.

Amendment No. 6:
Mr. Clement of Pinellas offered the following amendment
to Senate Bill No. 2-X: In Section 5, line 6, of the bill, strike
out the colon and insert the following: "Except shall contain
the names of the actual nominees for the respective offices:"
Mr. Clement moved the adoption of the amendment.
Which was agreed to, and Amendment No. 6 was adopted.
Amendment No. 7:
Messrs. Simpson of Jefferson and Moore of Highlands of-
fered the following amendment to Senate Bill No. 2-X: Strike
out Section 6 and in lieu thereof insert: "Section 6. No
names shall be printed on the General Election ballot except
the following: (1) Candidates for President and Vice President
and Presidential electors as provided in this Act; (2) the duly
certified nominees of political parties as defined in Section
102.02, Florida Statutes 1941, who were heretofore nominated
as provided by law in regular primary election; and (3) per-
sons duly selected or nominated within the time and in the
manner provided by law to fill any vacancy that may arise
as to any of said nominees heretofore nominated in a regular
primary election.
"Vacancies occurring in candidates for presidential electors
or elected presidential electors may be filled by the Governor
upon the filing with him of an oath by the person named
that he will support the candidate for President and Vice-
President with regard to whom the vacancy occurred."
Mr. Simpson moved the adoption of the amendment.
Which was agreed to, and Amendment No. 7 was adopted.
Amendment No. 8:
Mr. Horne of Madison offered the following amendment to
Senate Bill No. 2-X:
In Section 9, line 5, of the bill, after the comma following
the figure "1941" insert the following: "nor shall any voter
registered with any party be considered as having violated
any pledge imputed to him by reason of his registration as
a member of such party."

Mr. Home moved the adoption of the amendment.
Pending consideration thereof-
Substitute Amendment for Amendment No. 8:
Mr. Sellar of Lake offered the following substitute amend-
ment for Amendment No. 8 to Senate Bill No. 2-X:
Strike out Section 9 in its entirety.
Mr. Sellar moved the adoption of the substitute amendment.
A roll call was demanded.

When the vote was taken on the motion to adopt the sub-
stitute amendment, the result was:



Yeas-27.
Botts
Branch
Burton
Collins
Dayton
Dunn
Floyd
Nays 54.
Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Andrews
Baker
Barnhill
Bronson
Brown
Burnsed
Carraway
Carter
Clark, C. L.
Clark, M. C.
Clement



Gautier
Gilmore
Howell
Lantaff
Luckie
Martin
McMullen


Cobb, Tyn
Cobb, T. T.
Cook
Crews
Davis
Dekle
Dowda
Elliott
Fuqua
Hardin
Hawkins
Hendry
Hethcox
Home



Merritt
Moore
Murray
Odham
Sellar
Stirling
Stokes


Hough
Ingraham
Jenkins
Johnson
MacWilliam
McAlpin
McClure
McKendree
McKenzie
Melvin
Morgan
Morrow
Peacock, J. T.
Potter



Taylor
Wainwright
Walton
Williams, G. K.
Wilson
Wotitzky



Rowell
Saunders
Shepperd
Simpson
Smith, L. W.
Smith, M. B.
Smith, R. C.
Strayhorn
Tapper
Usina
Williams, J. J.
Yeomans



The motion was not agreed to, and the substitute amend-
ment failed of adoption.
The question then recurred on the motion by Mr. Home to
adopt Amendment No. 8.



A roll call was demanded.
When the vote was taken
ment No. 8, the result was:



Yeas-50.
Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Barnhill
Bronson
Brown
Burnsed
Carraway
Carter
Clark, C. L.
Clark, M. C.
Clement
Cobb, Tyn
Nays-30.
Andrews
Botts
Branch
Bryant
Burton
Cobb, T. T.
Dayton
Dekle
The motion
adopted.



Collins
Cook
Crews
Davis
Dowda
Elliott
Fuqua
Gilmore
Hardin
Hendry
Home
Hough
Jenkins


Dunn
Floyd
Gautier
Hethcox
Howell
Ingraham
Johnson
Lantaff
was agreed



on the motion to adopt Amend-



Luckie
McAlpin
McClure
McKendree
McKenzie
Melvin
Morgan
Morrow
Murray
Peacock, J. T.
Potter
Schuh
Shepperd



Smith, L. W.
Smith, R. C.
Strayhorn
Tapper
Taylor
Usina
Wainwright
Williams, G. K.
Williams, J. J.
Wilson
Yeomans



MacWilliam Simpson
Martin Smith, M. B.
McMullen Stewart
Moore Stirling
Odham Stokes
Rowell Walton
Saunders
Sellar
to, and Amendment No. 8 was



Amendment No. 9:

Mr. Morgan of Duval offered the following amendment to
Senate Bill No. 2-X:

In Section 4, line 16, of the bill, strike out the words "in
alphabetical order according to surnames" and insert the
following in lieu thereof: "In accordance with the number
of votes which the candidate's party received at the last pre-
ceding general election".

Mr. Morgan moved the adoption of the amendment.

Which was agreed to, and Amendment No. 9 was adopted.
Amendment No. 10:

Messrs. Bryant of Marion and Dayton of Pasco offered the
following amendment to Senate Bill No. 2-X:



1508













JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



In Section 1, of the bill, strike out the symbol "(P)" or (P)
wherever the same appears in said section and in line 41, page
3, strike out the figure "4" and insert the following in lieu
:heieof: "3".
Mr. Dayton moved the adoption of the amendment.
Pending consideration thereof-
Siibstitute Amendment for Amendment No. 10:
Mr. Wilson of Columbia offered the following substitute
amendment for Amendment No. 10 to Senate Bill No. 2-X:
In Section 1, after line 87, insert the following: "Provided,
however, that no group of electors not elected in primary
elections heretofer held shall be placed on the ballot unless,
on their behalf. a bond in the sum of $10,000.00 is posted with
the Secretary of State, payable to the State of Florida, con-
ditioned upon the determination by the Secretary of State
that in the general election held in 1948 said electors have
not received at least 5% of the total vote cast for those
offices, such determination to be made by December 15, 1948,
and upon the determination that said 5% of the total vote
has been received, the above bond shall be returned to those
posting same."
Mr. Wilson moved the adoption of the substitute amendment.
Which was not agreed to, and the substitute amendment
failed of adoption.
Substitute amendment for Amendment No. 10:
Mr. Morrow of Palm Beach offered the following substitute
amendment for Amendment No. 10 to Senate Bill No. 2-X:
In Section 1, Page 3, of the bill, strike out the words in line
27 through line 37 beginning with the words: "The fourth
column" and ending with the words "for in the first column."
Mr. Morrow moved the adoption of the substitute amend-
ment.
A roll call was demanded.



When the
amendment,
Yeas-24.
Andrews
Barnhill
Botts
Burton
Carter
Dekle
Nays-56.
Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Baker
Branch
Bronson
Brown
Bryant
Burnsed
Carraway
Clark, M. C.
Clement
Cobb, Tyn
Cobb, T. T.



vote was taken
the result was:


Floyd
Hardin
Hendry
McAlpin
Melvin
Moore


Cook
Crews
Davis
Dayton
Dowda
Dunn
Elliott
Fuqua
Gilmore
Hawkins
Hethcox
Hough
Howell
Ingraham



on the adoption of the substitute



Morrow
Peeples
Rowell
Stewart
Stirling
Stokes


Johnson
Lantaff
Luckie
MacWilliam
Martin
McClure
McKendree
McKenzie
McMullen
Merritt
Morgan
Murray
Odham
Peacock, J. T.



Strayhorn
Tapper
Walton
Williams, G. K.
Williams, J. J.
Wilson


Potter
Saunders
Schuh
Sellar
Shepperd
Simpson
Smith, L. W.
Smith, M. B.
Smith, R. C.
Taylor
Usina
Wainwright
Wotitzky
Yeomans



The motion was not agreed to, and the substitute amend-
ment failed of adoption.
The question then recurred on the motion by Mr. Dayton
to adopt Amendment No. 10.
Which was agreed to, and Amendment No. 10 was adopted.
Mr. Clement moved that the rules be further waived and
Senate Bill No. 2-X be read a third time in full, as amended,
and placed upon its final passage.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.



1509



And Senate Bill No. 2-X was read a third time in full, as
amended.

When the vote was taken on the passage of Senate Bill No.
2-X, as amended, the result was:



Yeas-73.
Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Baker
Barnhill
Botts
Branch
Bronson
Brown
Bryant
Burnsed
Carraway
Carter
Clark, C.L.
Clark, M. C.
Clement
Cobb, Tyn
Cobb, T. T.
Cook
Nays-14.
Andrews
Burton
Collins
Dowda



Crews
Davis
Dayton
Dekle
Dunn
Elliott
Floyd
Fuqua
Gautier
Hardin
Hawkins
Hendry
Horne
Hough
Howell
Ingraham
Johnson
Lantaff
Luckie


Gilmore
Hethcox
Jenkins
McAlpin



MacWilliam
Martin
McClure
McKendree
McKenzie
McMullen
Melvin
Merritt
Morgan
Murray
Odham
Peacock, J. T.
Potter
Roberts
Rowell
Saunders
Schuh
Sellar
Shepperd


Moore
Morrow
Peeples
Stewart



Simpson
Smith, J. S.
Smith, L. W.
Smith, M. B.
Smith, R. C.
Stirling
Strayhorn
Tapper
Taylor
Usina
Wainwright
Walton
Williams, G. K.
Wilson
Wotitzky
Yeomans





Stokes
Williams, J. J.



So the bill passed, as amended, and was ordered referred
to the Committee on Engrossed Bills.
Mr. Simpson moved that the rules be waived and Senate
Bill No. 2-X be immediately certified to the Senate.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote, and it was so
ordered.
Mr. Roberts moved that the rules be waived for the pur-
pose of permitting the introduction of a local bill.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.

INTRODUCTION OF LOCAL BILLS
By Messrs. Roberts and Burton, of Brevard-
H. B. No. 2-X-A bill to be entitled An Act validating and
confirming the creation and establishment of Canaveral Port
District in Brevard County, Florida: Authorizing the Port
Authority, the governing body of said District. To issue bonds
in the amount of $1,365,000. Approved at an election held in
said District on November 25, 1947; validating and confirming
all Acts and Proceedings of said Port Authority, its officers
and agents, relative to the calling and holding of said election
and in providing for the issuance of said bonds and the pay-
ment thereof, and limiting the amount of bonded indebtedness
which may be incurred by said District.

Proof of Publication of Notice attached to the above bill.

The House of Representatives thereupon determined that
the notice and evidence thereof required by Section 21 of
Article III of the Constitution, has been established in this
Legislature.

And the above bill was read the first time by its title.

Mr. Roberts moved that the rules be waived and House
Bill No. 2-X be read a second time by title only.

Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.

And House Bill No. 2-X was read a second time by title.

Mr. Roberts moved that the rules be further waived and
House Bill No. 2-X be read a third time in full and placed
upon its final passage.



September 15, 1948












JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
And House Bill No. 2-X was read a third time in full.
When the vote was taken on the passage of House Bill
No. 2-X, the result was:
Yeas-79.



Luckie
Martin
McAlpin
McClure
McKendree
McKenzie
McMullen
Melvin
Merritt
Morgan
Morrow
Murray
Odham
Peacock, J. T.
Peeples
Potter
Roberts
Rowel)
Saunders
Schuh



Sellar
Shepperd
Simpson
Smith, J. S.
Smith, L. W.
Smith, M. B.
Stewart
Stirling
Stokes
Strayhorn
Tapper
Taylor
Usina
Wainwright
Walton
Williams, G. K.
Williams, J. J.
Wilson
Wotitzky
Yeomans



Nays-None.
So House Bill No. 2-X passed, title as stated.
Mr. Roberts moved that the rules be waived and House
Bill No. 2-X be immediately certified to the Senate.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote, and it was so
ordered.
Mr. Stokes moved that the rules be waived and that he be
permitted to introduce a house resolution.
A roll call was demanded.
When the vote was taken on the motion to waive the rules
to permit Mr. Stokes to introduce a house resolution, the
result was:
Yeas-16.



Hendry
McClure
McKendree
Moore


'Collins
Cook
Davis
Dayton
Dunn
Elliott
Floyd
Fuqua
Gilmore
Hardin
Hawkins
Hethcox
Home
Hough
Howell



Rowell
Schuh
Smith, L. W.
Smith, R. C.


Ingraham
Jenkins
Johnson
Luckie
MacWiliam
Martin
McAlpin
McKenzie
McMullen
Melvin
Merritt
Morgan
Morrow
Murray
Odham



Stokes
Tapper
Wainwright
Williams, G. K.


Peacock, J. T.
Potter
Saunders
Sellar
Shepperd
Simpson
Smith, M. B.
Stirling
Strayhorn
Taylor
Usina
Walton
Williams, J. J.
Wilson
Yeomans



The motion was not agreed to by a two-thirds vote.

Mr. Home moved that the rules be waived and that he be
permitted to introduce a house resolution.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.

By Messrs. Home of Madison and Brown of Sumter-

H. R. No. 4-X-A resolution providing for the appointment
of an Interim Committee of the House of Representatives for
the purpose of studying and formulating new Primary and



September 15, 1948



Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Andrews
Baker
Barnhill
Botts
Branch
Bronson
Brown
Bryant
Burnsed
Burton
Carraway
Carter
Clark, C. L.
Clark, M. C.
Cobb, Tyn
Cobb, T. T.
Collins



1510



Cook
Crews
Davis
Dayton
Dekle
Dunn
Elliott
Fuqua
Gilmore
Hardin
Hawkins
Hendry
Hethcox
Home
Hough
Howell
Ingraham
Jenkins
Johnson
Lantaff



General Election Laws to be submitted to the 1949 Session
of the Legislature.

WHEREAS, the action of this Legislature now convened
in extraordinary session is for the purpose of adjusting and
clarifying the general election laws of the State of Florida;
now, therefore,

BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA IN EXTRAORDINARY SES-
SION ASSEMBLED:

That the Speaker of the House do appoint a Committee of
not less than seven nor more than thirteen members of this
House with directions that it make a complete and exhaustive
study of the primary and general election laws of the State
of Florida and have prepared proposed legislation and sug-
gestions in support thereof to be submitted to the 1949 session.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that each member of this
House immediately consult with his constituents and that they
submit as early as possible all suggestions and proposals that
may come to their mind to the Chairman of this Committee.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that this Committee is author-
ized to hold public hearings in any part or place in the State
of Florida where the same is warranted and will help accom-
plish the work of the Committee.

Which was read in full.

Mr. Horne moved the adoption of the resolution.

Which was agreed to, and House Resolution No. 4-X was
adopted.

The Speaker announced the appointment of the following
committee pursuant to the provisions of House Resolution
No. 4-X: Messrs. Fuqua of Manatee, Bryant of Marion, Luckie
of Duval, Schuh of Pinellas, Home of Madison, Dayton of
Pasco, Brown of Sumter, Shepperd of St. Johns, Bronson of
Osceola, Simpson of Jefferson, Andrews of Orange, and Mona-
han of Sumter.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON ENGROSSED BILLS

Mr. Barnhill, Chairman of the Committee on Engrossed
Bills, submitted the following report:

House of Representatives,

Tallahassee, Florida,

Sept. 15, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Sir:

Your Committee on Engrossed Bills, to whom was referred
(with amendments) after third reading:
S. B. No. 2-X-A bill to be entitled An Act relating to the
general election to be held November 2, 1948, Providing a
method for voting for Presidential Electors and for other offi-
cers at such election; Providing the substance and content of
the Ballot to be used in such election for Presidential Electors
and for State and County Officers; Providing for the Quali-
fication of other candidates for President and Vice-President
and their electors; Otherwise Regulating the conduct of such
election; Prescribing the Duties of Certain Officers incident
to the preparation of the ballot and the conduct of such elec-
tion and the canvassing of the returns; Designating the Nomi-
nees of certain political parties for the office of Presidential
Elector to be included in the ballot for such election; Prescrib-
ing certain regulations with reference to the arrangement on
voting machines; Repealing Section 99.57, Florida Statutes
1941, as amended, excepting from the provisions of Chapter
23957, Laws of Florida, Acts of 1947, as the same pertains to
Presidential Electors; Defining the Responsibility of Nominees
of Political Parties of the Oath subscribed to as candidates
under the provisions of Section 102.29, Florida Statutes 1941;



Brown
Burnsed
Clark, C. L.
Dekle

Nays-60.

Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Andrews
Baker
Barnhill
Botts
Branch
Bronson
Bryant
Carraway
Carter
Clark, M. C.
Cobb, Tyn
Cobb, T. T.















and filing the effective date and repealing all laws or parts
of laws in conflict herewith.
Has carefully examined, and finds same correctly engrossed.
Very respectfully,
H. C. BARNHILL,
Chairman of Committee.
And Senate Bill No. 2-X, contained in the above report,
was ordered certified to the Senate.
Mr. Stokes moved that the House do now stand for thirty
seconds in memory of a deceased Member of the House, the
Honorable Carl O. Drummond.
Which was agreed to.
Thereupon the House stood for thirty seconds in memory
of Representative Drummond.
Mr. Smith of Polk moved that the House do now stand in
recess until 2:30 P. M. today.
Which was agreed to.
Thereupon at the hour of 12:08 P. M. the House stood in
recess.

AFTERNOON SESSION
Pursuant to recess order, the House reconvened at 2:30 P. M.
Mr. Collins moved that the rules be waived and the House
do now revert to the order of Messages from the Senate.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE
The following message from the Senate was received and
read:
SENATE CHAMBER
Tallahassee, Florida,
September 15, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir:

I am directed by the Senate to inform the House of Repre-
sentatives that the Senate has passed-

By Messrs. Roberts and Burton of Brevard-

H. B. No. 2-X-A bill to be entitled An Act validating and
confirming the creating and establishment of Canaveral Port
District in Brevard County, Florida: Authorizing the Port
Authority, the governing body of said District to issue bonds
in the amount of $1,365,000, approved at an election held in
said District on November 25, 1947; validating and confirming
all acts and proceedings of said Port Authority, its officers
and agents, relative to the calling and holding of said elec-
tion and in providing for the issuance of said bonds and the
payment thereof, and limiting the amount of bonded indebted-
ness which may be incurred by said District.

Proof of Publication of Notice attached to the above bill.
And returns same herewith.

Very respectfully,

ROBT. W. DAVIS,

Secretary of the Senate.

And House Bill No. 2-X contained in the above message,
was referred to the Committee on Enrolled Bills.

The following message from the Senate was received and
read:



15-11



SENATE CHAMBER
Tallahassee, Florida,
September 15, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir:
I am directed by the Senate to inform the House of Rep-
re entatives that the Senate has passed-
By Committee on Privileges and Elections-
S. B. No. 3-X-A bill to be entitled An Act providing for the
payment of mileage and per diem expenses to the members
of the Senate and House Joint Special Committee, appointed
by the President and Speaker of the House of Representatives,
to consider a proposed bill to revise the General Election Laws
of the State of Florida and the form of the ballot to be used
in the General Election to be held in November, 1948; and
providing that said mileage and per diem expenses be charged
to Legislative expense.
And respectfully requests the concurrence of the House
therein.
Very respectfully,
ROBT. W. DAVIS,
Secretary of the Senate.
And Senate Bill No. 3-X contained in the above message,
was read the first time by title.
Mr. Clement moved that the rules be waived and Senate
Bill No. 3-X be read a second time by title only.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
And Senate Bill No. 3-X was read a second time by its title.
Amendment No. 1:
Mr. Morrow of Palm Beach offered the following amend-
ment to Senate Bill No. 3-X:
Add Section 2. Section 2. This Act shall take effect imme-
diately upon its becoming a law,.
Mr. Morrow moved the adoption of the amendment.
Which was agreed to, and Amendment No. 1 was adopted.
Mr. Clement moved that the rules be further waived and
Senate Bill No. 3-X be read a third time in full, as amended,
and placed upon its final passage.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
And Senate Bill No. 3-X was read a third time in full, as
amended.
When the vote was taken on the final passage of Senate
Bill No. 3-X, as amended, the result was:



Yeas-80.
Mr. Speaker
Akerman
Alexander
Andrews
Baker
Barnhill
Botts
Branch
Brown
Burnsed
Burton
Carraway
Carter
Clark, C. L.
Clark, M. C.
Clement
Cobb, Tyn
Cobb, T. T.
Collins
Cook
Nays-none.



Davis
Dayton
Dekle
Dowda
Dunn
Elliott
Floyd
Fuqua
Gilmore
Hardin
Hawkins
Hendry
Hethcox
Home
Hough
Howell
Ingraham
Jenkins
Johnson
Lantaff



Luckie
MacWilliam
Martin
McAlpin
McClure
McKendree
McKenzie
McMullen
Melvin
Merritt
Moore
Morgan
Morrow
Murray
Odham
Peacock, J. T.
Peeples
Potter
Roberts
Rowell



Saunders
Schuh
Sellar
Simpson
Smith, J. S.
Smith, L. W.
Smith, M. B.
Stewart
Stirling
Stokes
Strayhorn
Tapper
Taylor
Wainwright
Walton
Williams, G. K.
Williams, J. J.
Wilson
Wotitzky
Yeomans



September 15, 1948



JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES












JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



So the bill passed, as amended.
And the same was ordered referred to the Committee on
Engrossed Bills.
Mr. Clement moved that the rules be waived and Senate
Bill No. 3-X be immediately certified to the Senate.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote, and it was so
ordered.
Mr. Melvin moved that the House do now stand in recess
until 4:00 P. M. today.
Which was agreed to.
Thereupon at the hour of 3:08 P. M. the House stood in
recess.
Pursuant to recess order, the House reconvened at 4:00 P. M.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON ENGROSSED BILLS
Mr. Barnhill, Chairman of the Committee on Engrossed
Bills, submitted the following report:
House of Representatives,
Tallahassee, Fla.,
September 15, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir:
Your Committee on Engrossed Bills, to whom was referred
(with amendments), after third reading:
S. B. No. 3-X-A bill to be entitled An Act providing for the
payment of mileage and per diem expenses to the members
of the Senate and House Joint Special Committee, appointed
by the President and Speaker of the House of Representatives,
to consider a proposed bill to revise the General Election Laws
of the State of Florida and the form of the ballot to be used
in the General Election to be held in November, 1948; and
providing that said mileage and per diem expenses be charged
to Legislative expense.
Which bill has been carefully examined, found correctly en-
grossed, and returns same herewith.
Respectfully,
H. C. BARNHILL,
Chairman of Committee.
And Senate Bill No. 3-X, contained in the above report,
was immediately certified to the Senate.
Mr. Collins moved that the rules be waived and the House
do now revert to the order of Introduction of House Reso-
lutions.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
INTRODUCTION OF HOUSE RESOLUTIONS
By Mr. Davis of Gadsden-
H. R. No. 5-X-

BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF THE 1948 EXTRA-
ORDINARY SESSION OF THE LEGISLATURE OF FLORIDA:
That there shall be allowed such sums of money for the
payment of the members, attaches, and expenses during the
1948 Extraordinary Session as may be certified to the Comp-
troller by the Chairman of the Committee on Control of Leg-
islative Expenditures, by name and amount.
Which was read in full.

Mr. Davis moved the adoption of the resolution.

Which was agreed to, and House Resolution No. 5-X was
adopted.



September 15, 1948



Mr. Collins moved that the rules be waived and the House
do now proceed to the order of Messages from the Senate.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE
The following message from the Senate was received and
read:
SENATE CHAMBER
Tallahassee, Florida,
September 15, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir:
I am directed by the Senate to inform the House of Rep-
resentatives that the Senate has concurred in the House
amendments to:
By the Committee on Privileges and Elections-
S. B. No. 2-X-A bill to be entitled An Act relating to the
general election to be held November 2, 1948, providing a
method for voting for Presidential Electors and for other
officers at such election; providing the substance and content
of the ballot to be used in such election for Presidential
Electors and for State and county officers; providing for the
qualification of other candidates for President and Vice-
President and their electors; otherwise regulating the conduct
of such election; prescribing the duties of certain officers
incident to the preparation of the ballot and the conduct of
such election and the canvassing of the returns; designating
the nominees of certain political parties for the office of
Presidential Elector to be included in the ballot for such elec-
tion; prescribing certain regulations with reference to the
arrangement on voting machines; repealing Section 99.57,
Florida Statutes 1941, as amended, excepting from the pro-
visions of Chapter 23957, Laws of Florida, Acts of 1947, as
the same pertains to Presidential Electors; defining the re-
sponsibility of nominees of political parties of the oath sub-
scribed to as candidates under the provisions of Section 102.29,
Florida Statutes 1941; and fixing the effective date and re-
pealing all laws or parts of laws in conflict herewith.
Which amendments are as follows:
Amendment No. 1:
In Section 3, line 2, of the bill, strike out the words "more
than five per cent (5%)" and insert the following in lieu
thereof: "several."
Amendment No. 2:

In Section 5, line 6, of the bill, strike out the colon and in-
sert the following: "except shall contain the names of the
actual nominees for the respective offices:"
Amendment No. 3:

Strike out Section 6 and in lieu thereof insert: "Section 6.
No names shall be printed on the General Election ballot
except the following: (1) Candidates for President and Vice
President and Presidential electors as provided in this Act;
(2) the duly certified nominees of political parties as de-
fined in Section 102.02 Florida Statutes 1941 who were here-
tofore nominated as provided by law in regular primary
election; and (3) persons duly selected or nominated within
the time and in the manner provided by law to fill any va-
cancy that may arise as to any of said nominees heretofore
nominated in a regular primary election.
Vacancies occurring in candidates for presidential electors
or elected presidential electors may be filled by the Governor
upon the filing with him of an oath by the person named
that he will support the candidate for President and Vice-
President with regard to whom the vacancy occurred."
Amendment No. 4:
In Section 9, line 5, of the bill, After the comma following
the figures "1941" insert the following: Nor shall any voter
registered with any party be considered as having violated












JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



any pledge imputed to him by reason of his registration as
a member of such party.
Amendment No. 5:
In Section 4, line 16, of the bill, strike out the words "in
alphabetical order according to surnames" and insert the
following in lieu thereof: "In accordance with the number
of votes which the candidates party received at the last
preceding general election."
Amendment No. 6:
In Section 1, of the bill, strike out the symbol "(P)" or (P)
wherever the same appears in said section and in line 41,
page 3. -til:e out the figure "4" and insert the following in
lieu thereof : *3".
Very respectfully,
ROBT. W. DAVIS,
Secretary of Senate.
Mr. Collins moved that the rules be waived and the House
do now revert to the order of Introduction of House Concur-
rent Resolutions.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
INTRODUCTION OF HOUSE CONCURRENT
RESOLUTIONS
By Mr. Collins of Sarasota-
H. C. R. No. 1-X-A Concurrent Resolution concerning
adjournment sine die.
BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
OF FLORIDA, THE SENATE CONCURRING:
That the time of adjournment sine die of the extraordi-
nary session of the 1948 Legislature be and the same is hereby
fixed at the hour of 5:30 P. M., September 15, 1948, at which
time the extraordinary session of the 1948 session of the
Florida Legislature shall adjourn sine die.
Which was read the first time in full.
Mr. Collins moved that the rules be waived and House
Concurrent Resolution No. 1-X be read a second time in full.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
And House Concurrent Resolution No. 1-X was read a
second time in full.
Mr. Collins moved the adoption of the concurrent resolution.
Which was agreed to.
House Concurrent Resolution No. 1-X was adopted, and
the same was ordered certified to the Senate.
Mr. Clement moved that the rules be waived and the
House do now proceed to the order of Messages from the
Senate.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote.
MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE
The following message from the Senate was received and
read:
SENATE CHAMBER
Tallahassee, Florida,
September 15, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir:

I am directed by the Senate to inform the House of Rep-
resentatives that the Senate has adopted:
H. C. R. No. 1-X-A Concurrent Resolution concerning ad-
journment sine die.



1513



BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
OF FLORIDA, THE SENATE CONCURRING:
That the time of adjournment sine die of the extraordinary
session of the 1948 Legislature be and the same is hereby
fixed at the hour of 5:30 P. M., September 15, 1948, at which
time the extraordinary session of the 1948 session of the
Florida Legislature shall adjourn sine die.
And returns same herewith.
Very respectfully,
ROBT. W. DAVIS,
Secretary of the Senate.
And House Concurrent Resolution No. 1-X contained in the
above message was referred to the Committee on Enrolled
Bills.
REPORT OF JOINT COMMITTEE ON ENROLLED BILLS
Mr. Ingraham, of DeSoto, Chairman of the Joint Commit-
tee on Enrolled Bills on the part of the House of Representa-
tives, submitted the following report:
House of Representatives,
Tallahassee, Fla.,
September 15, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir:
Your Joint Committee on Enrolled Bills, to whom was
referred:
H. B. No. 2-X-An Act validating and confirming the cre-
ation and establishment of Canaveral Port District in Brevard
County, Florida; Authorizing the Port Authority, the govern-
ing body of said District, to issue bonds in the amount of
$1,365,000, approved at an election held in said District on
November 25, 1947; Validating and confirming all acts and
proceedings of said Port Authority, its officers and agents,
relative to the calling and holding of said election and in
providing for the issuance of said bonds and the payment
thereof, and limiting the amount of bonded indebtedness
which may be incurred by said District.
Have carefully examined same, and find same correctly
enrolled and herewith present the same for the sir.natures of
the Speaker and Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives.
Very respectfully,
J. MORGAN INGRAHAM,
Chairman of the Joint Committee
on Enrolled Bills on the part of the
House of Representatives.
The bill contained in the above report was thereupon duly
signed by the Speaker and the Chief Clerk of the House of
Representatives in open session, and ordered referred to the
Chairman of the Committee on Enrolled Bills on the part of
the House of Representataives to be conveyed to the Senate
for the signatures of the President and Secretary thereof.
Mr. Ingraham, of DeSoto, Chairman of the Joint Commit-
tee on Enrolled Bills on the part of the House of Repre-
sentatives, submitted the following report:
House of Representatives,
Tallahassee, Fla.,

September 15, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir:

Your Joint Committee on Enrolled Bills, to whom was
referred:



September 15, 1948









*



1514'



JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES;



H. C. R. No. 1-X-A Concurrent Resolution concerning ad-
.ournment sine die.
E IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
u- FLORIDA, THE SENATE CONCURRING:
That the time of adjournment sine die of the Extraordinary
Session of the 1948 Legislature be and the same is hereby
fixed at the hour of 5:30 P. M., September 15, 1948, at which
time the Extraordinary Session of the 1948 Session of the
Florida Legislature shall adjourn sine die.
Have carefully examined same, and find same correctly
enrolled and herewith present the same for the signatures of
the- .-peaker and Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives.
Very respectfully,
J. MORGAN INGRAHAM,
Chairman of the Joint Committee
on Enrolled Bills on the part of the
House of Representatives.
The House Concurrent Resolution contained in the above
report was thereupon duly signed by the Speaker and the
Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives in open session,
and ordered referred to the Chairman of the Committee on
Enrolled Bills on the part of the House of Representatives to
be conveyed to the Senate for the signatures of the President
and Secretary thereof.
Mr. Ingraham, of DeSoto, Chairman of the Joint Commit-
tee on Enrolled Bills on the part of the House of Repre-
sentatives, submitted the following report:
House of Representatives,
Tallahassee, Pla.,

September 15, 1948.
honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir:

Your Joint Committee on Enrolled Bills, to whom was
referred:

S. B. No. 2-X-An Act relating to the general election to
be held November 2, 1948, providing a method for voting for
Presidential Electors and for other officers at such election;
pio:ldin the substance and content of the ballot to be used in
such election for Presidential Electors and for State and
County officers; providing for the qualification of other can-
didates for President and Vice President and their electors;
otherwise regulating the conduct of such election; prescribing
the ldu.it. of certain officers incident to the preparation of
the b"allui and the conduct of such election and the canvassing
of the returns; designating the nominees of certain political
parties for the office of Presidential Elector to be included
in the ballot for such election; prescribing certain regulations
with reference to the arrangement on voting machines; re-
pealing Section 99.57, Florida Statutes 1941, as amended, ex-
.eptinc from the provisions of Chapter 23957, Laws of Florida,
A:ts ol 1947, as the same pertains to Presidential Electors;
defining the responsibility of nominees of political parties of
the oath subscribed to as candidates under the provisions of
Section 102.29, Florida Statutes 1941; and fixing the effective
date and repealing all laws or parts of laws in conflict
herewith.
Also-

S. B. No. 3-X.-An Act Providing for the Payment of Mile-
age and Per Diem Expenses to the Members of the Senate
and House Joint Special Committee, Appointed by the Presi-
dent and Speaker of the House of Representataives, to Con-
sider a Propo:ed Bill to Revise the General Election Laws of
the State of Florida and the Form of the Ballot to be used in
the General Election to be Held in November, 1948; and Pro-
vidn2 rlthat said Mileage and Per Diem Expenses be Charged
to Legi.laj\e Expense.



September 15-,1948



Have carefully examined same, and find same correctly
enrolled and herewith present the same for the signatures of
the Speaker and Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives.
Very respectfully,
J. MORGAN INGRAHAM,
Chairman of the Joint Committee
on Enrolled Bills on the part of the
House of Representatives.
The bills contained in the above report were thereupon duly
signed by the Speaker and the Chief Clerk of the House of
Representatives in open session, and ordele. relerrel- to the
Clhaiinan oL tihe Committee on Enrollect Bill., on the part of
the House of Representatives to be conveyed to the Senate'
for the signatures of the President and Secretary thereof.
Mr. Ingraham, of DeSoto, Chairman of the Joint Commit-
tee on Enrolled Bills on the part of the House of Repre-
sentatives, submitted the following report:
House of Representatives,
Tallahassee, Fla.,
September 15, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir:
Your Joint Committee on Enrolled Bills, to whom was
referred:
S. B. No. 2-X-An Act relating to the general election to be
held November 2, 1948, providing a method for voting for
Presidential Electors and for other officers at such election;
providing the substance and content of the ballot to be ucled
in such election for Presidential Elecrors and for State and
County officers; providing for the qualification of orher can-
didates for President and Vice-President and their electors;
otherwise regulating the conduct of such election; prescribing
the duties of certain officers incident to the preparation of
the ballot and the conduct of such election and the canvassing
of the returns; designating the nominees of certain political
parties for the office of Presidential Elector to be included in
the ballot for such election; prescribing certain iestlations
with reference to the arrangement on voting machines; re-
pealing Section 99.57, Florida Statutes 1941, as amended, ex-
cepting from the provisions of Chapter 23957, Laws of Florida,
Acts of 1947, as the same pertains to Presidential Electors;
defining the responsibility of nominees of political parties of
the oath subscribed to as candidates under the provisions of
Section 102.29, Florida Statutes 1941; and fixing the effective
date and repealing all laws or parts of laws in conflict
herewith.
Also-
S. B. No. 3-X-An Act Providing for the Payment of Mile-
age and Per Diem Expenses to the Members of the Senate
and House Joint Special Committee, Appointed by the Presi-
dent and Speaker of the House of Representataives, to Con-
sider a Proposed Bill to Revise the General Election Laws of
the State of Florida and the Form of the Ballot to be used In
the General Election to be Held in November, 1948; and Pro-
viding that said Mileage and Per Diem Expenses be Charged
to Legislative Expense.
Beg leave to report that the same have this day been
presented to the Governor for his approval.

Very respectfully,

J. MORGAN INGRAHAM,
Chairman of the Joint Committee.
on Enrolled Bills on the Part of the
House of Representatives.
Mr. Ingraham, of DeSoto, Chairman of the Joint Commit-
tee on Enrolled Bills on the part of the House of Repre-
sentatives, submitted the following report:













JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES



House of Representatives,
Tallahassee, Fla.,
September 15, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D.., Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir:
Your Joint Committee on Enrolled Bills, to whom was
referred:
H. C. R. No. 1-X-A Concurrent Resolution concerning ad-
journment sine die.
BE IT RESOLVED B' THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
OF FLORIDA, THE SENATE CONCURRING:
That the time of adjournment sine die ol the Extraordinary
Session of the 1948 Legislature be and the same is hereby
fixed at the hour of 5:30 P. M., September 15, 1948, at which
time the Extraordinary Session of the 1948 Session of the
Florida Legislatulre shall adjourn sine die.
Beg leave to report that the same have this day been
presented to the Governor for his approval.
SVery respectfully.
J. MORGAN INGRAHAM,
SChairman of the Joint Committee
on Enrolled Bills on the part of the
House of Representatives.
Mr. Ingraham, of DeSoto, Chairman of the Joint Commit-
tee on Enrolled Bills on the part of the House of Repre-
sentatives, submitted the following report:
House of Representatives,
Tallahassee, Fla.,
September 15, 1948.
Honorable Thos. D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Sir:
Your Joint Committee on Enrolled Bills, to whom was
referred:
H. B. No. 2-X-An Act validating and confirming the cre-
ation and establishment of Canaveral Port District in Brevard
County, Fioi d.:; authorizing the Port Authority, the govern-
ing body of said District, to issue bonds in the amount of
$1,365,000, approved at an election held in said District on
November 25, 1947; Validating and confirming all acts and



1515



proceedings of said Port Authority, its officers and agents,
relative to the calling and holding of said election and in
providing for the issuance of said bonds and the payment
thereof, and limiting the amount of bonded indebtedness
which may be incurred by said District.
Beg leave to report that the same have this day been pre-
sented to the Governor for his approval.
Very respectfully,
J. MORGAN INGRAHAM,
Chairman of the Joint Committee
on Enrolled Bills on the part of the
House of Representatives.
A committee from the Senate composed of Senators Crary,
Fraser (29th) and Leaird appeared at the bar of the House
and informed the House of Representatives that the Senate
had completed its labors for the 1948 Extraordinary Session
of the Florida Legislature and was ready to adjourn sine die.
Mr. McMullen moved that a committee of three be ap-
pointed to inform the Senate that the House of Representa-
tives has completed its labors for the 1948 Extraordinary Ses-
sion of the Florida Legislature and is ready to adjourn sine die.
Which was agreed to.
Thereupon the Speaker appointed Messrs. McMullen, Schuh
and Hardin as a committee to inform the Senate that the
House of Representatives has completed its labors for the 1948
Extraordinary Session of the Florida Legislature and is ready to
adjourn sine die, which committee retired and after a brief
absence returned and reported that it had performed the
duty assigned and was thereupon discharged.
Mr. Stokes moved that a committee of three be appointed
to notify His Excellency, Governor Millard F. Caldwell, that
the House of Representatives has completed its labors for the
1948 Extraordinary Session of the Florida Legislature and is
ready to adjourn sine die.
Which was agreed to.
Thereupon the Speaker appointed Messrs. Stokes, Collins
and Murray who retired and after a brief absence returned
and reported they had performed the duty assigned them and
was thereupon discharged.
Mr. Collins moved that the House of Representatives do now
adjourn sine die.
Which was agreed to.
Thereupon at the hour of 5:30 P. M., September 15, 1948,
the House of Representatives stood adjourned sine die.



CERTIFICATE



(Extraordinary Session)
September 14 through September 15, 1948
THIS IS TO CERTIFY that as Chief Clerk of the House of
Representatives of the State of Florida, at the extraordinary
session of the Legisalture, convened by proclamation of the
Governor under the Constitution of the State of Florida, I have
duly performed and completed the duties assigned to me.
I further certify that the foregoing pages numbered 1499
through 1516, inclusive, are and constitute a complete, true



and correct journal and record of the proceedings of the House
of Representatives of the State of Florida at the extraordinary
session of the Legislature of the State of Florida, from Sep-
tember 14 through September 15, 1948.

LAMAR BLEDSOE,
Chief Clerk, House of Representatives.
October 5, 1948
Tallahassee, Florida



September 15, 1948












INDEX

To The

Journal of the House of Representatives


Extraordinary Session

September 14 through September 15, 1948

MISCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

ATTACHES ........................ .......................................... 1500 ENROLLING CLERK ............................................................. 1507
EXECUTIVE ANNOUNCEMENTS AND COM-
CERTIFICATE BY CHIEF CLERK....................................... 1515 MUNICATIONS ....................................... .....................1501
CHIEF CLERK .............................................................1500 GOVERNOR'S PROCLAMATION.............................................1499
MEMBERS EXCUSED FROM ATTENDANCE......................1500
COMMITTEES AND COMMITTEE REPORTS
Committee on elections...................................... 1500, 1502 MESSAGES FROM THE ENATE..........1504, 1511,1512,1513
Committee on engrossed bills....................................1510, 1512 ROLL CALL .................................. 1500, 1502, 1507
Interim committee on election laws..................................1510
Joint committee on enrolled bills..........................1513, 1514 SERGEANT-AT-ARMS ...........................................1500


NUMERICAL LIST OF HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTIONS
1-X Relates to adjournment sine die.
Collins of Sarasota.................................... 1513, 1514, 1515

NUMERICAL LIST OF HOUSE RESOLUTIONS
1-X Relates to rules and procedure of house for 4-X Relates to appointment of interim committee
special session................................Collins of Sarasota 1500 for study of new election laws
2-X Relates to preparation and printing of house Home of Madison et al 1510
journals... ..............................-----Collins of Sarasota 1500 5-X Relates to expenses of members and attaches
3-X Expresses regret and sympathy to Honorable during extraordinary session-.......Davis of GadSden 1512
Richard Oelkers Jr., absent because of illness
Lantaff and Gautier of Dade 1503

NUMERICAL LIST OF HOUSE BILLS
1-X Relates to 1948 general election; providing 2-X Relates to creation and establishment of Ca-
for clarification of voting laws, ballots, naveral Port District
machines, political nominees; repealing 99.57 Roberts and Burton of Brevard 1509, 1511, 1513, 1515
FS '41..........................Fuqua of Manatee et al 1501, 1502

NUMERICAL LIST OF SENATE BILLS IN THE HOUSE
SB 2-X Relates to general elections; methods of SB 3-X Relates to mileage and perdiem expenses
voting for presidential electors, contents of members of Senate and House interim
committee on election laws
of ballots, qualification of officers and Committee on Privileges and Elec-
candidates..........................1504, 1507, 1510, 1512, 1514 tions .......... ....... .... ....... 1511, 1512, 1514



1516