Title Page
 November 1978

Group Title: Journal of the Florida House of Representatives.
Title: Journal of the House of Representatives of the session of ...
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027772/00072
 Material Information
Title: Journal of the House of Representatives of the session of ...
Alternate Title: Journal of the House of Representatives, State of Florida
Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Florida of the session of ..
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Florida -- Legislature. -- House of Representatives
Publisher: Florida. Legislature. House of Representatives. State Printer
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Fla.
Publication Date: 1978
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027772
Volume ID: VID00072
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page i
    November 1978
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Full Text

of the

House of Representatives



of the

Sixth Legislature
[under the Constitution as Revised in 1968]

NOVEMBER 21, 1978

DECEMBER 6, 1978

of the

House of Representatives

Tuesday, November 21, 1978

Journal of the House of Representatives for the Organization Session of the Sixth Legislature convened
under the Constitution of Florida as Revised in 1968, begun and held at the Capitol in the City of Tallahassee,
in the State of Florida, on Tuesday, November 21, 1978, being the day fixed by the Constitution for the purpose.

Under Rule 3.1, Allen Morris, Clerk of the preceding Session,
delegated the duties of temporary presiding officer to the
Honorable Donald L. Tucker, former Speaker. Mr. Tucker called
the House to order at 10:00 a.m.

The following certified list of Members elected to the House
of Representatives was received:
I, JESSE J. MCCRARY, JR., Secretary of State of the State
of Florida, do hereby certify that the following Members of the
House of Representatives were elected at the General Election
held on the Seventh day of November, A. D., 1978 as shown by
the election returns on file in this office:
1-Grover C. Robinson, III, Pensacola
2-Tom Patterson, Pensacola
3-Clyde H. (Jack) Hagler, Pensacola
4-Bolley (Bo) Johnson, Gulf Breeze
5-Ken Boles, Fort Walton
6-James G. Ward, Fort Walton Beach
7-Sam Mitchell, Vernon
8-Ron Johnson, Panama City
9-Leonard J. Hall, Panama City
10-James Harold Thompson, Quincy
11-Don C. Price, Tallahassee
12-Herbert F. Morgan, Tallahassee
13-Wayne Hollingsworth, Lake City
14-Gene Hodges, Cedar Key
15-George Crady, Yulee
16-Arnett E. Girardeau, Jacksonville
17-John Thomas, Jacksonville
18-John W. Lewis, Jacksonville
19-Andrew E. (Andy) Johnson, Jacksonville
20-Carl Ogden, Jacksonville
21-Tommy Hazouri, Jacksonville
22-Steve Pajcic, Jacksonville
23-Fred Tygart, Jacksonville
24-William "Bill" Bankhead, Jacksonville
25-Frank Williams, Crystal Lake, Starke
26-Sidney Martin, Hawthorne
27-Jon Mills, Gainesville
28-Hamilton D. Upchurch, Elkton
29-William R. Conway, Ormond Beach
30-Samuel P. Bell, III, Daytona Beach
31-Hyatt Brown, Ormond Beach
32-Wayne C. McCall, Ocala
33-Bob Hattaway, Altamonte Springs
34-Bobby Brantley, Longwood
35-Everett A. Kelly, Tavares
36-Charles R. (Chuck) Smith, Brooksville
37-Ronald R. Richmond, New Port Richey
38-Lawrence R. "Larry" Kirkwood, Winter Park
39-John L. Mica, Winter Park
40-Richard Crotty, Orlando
41-Fran Carlton, Orlando

42-Toni Jennings, Orlando
43-Dick J. Batchelor, Orlando
44-David L. Barrett, Indialantic
45-Winston W. "Bud" Gardner, Titusville
46-Marilyn Evans, Melbourne
47-Tim Deratany, Indialantic
48-R. Dale Patchett, Vero Beach
49-Bob Crawford, Winter Haven
50-Beverly B. Burnsed, Lakeland
51-Gene Ready, Lakeland
52-Fred Jones, Auburndale
53-Peter Dunbar, Dunedin
54-S. Curtis Kiser, Palm Harbor
55-Jim Smith, Clearwater
56-Betty Easley, Largo
57-Dennis L. Jones, St. Petersburg
58-George F. Hieber, II, St. Petersburg
59-Bob Melby, St. Petersburg
60-T. M. "Tom" Woodruff, St. Petersburg
61-Dorothy Eaton Sample, St. Petersburg
62-Carl Carpenter, Jr., Plant City
63-John L. Ryals, Brandon
64-Malcolm E. Beard, Seffner
65-Jim Foster, Odessa
66-H. Lee Moffitt, Tampa
67-Elvin L. Martinez, Tampa
68-Richard S. Hodes, Tampa
69-George H. Sheldon, Tampa
70-Helen Gordon Davis, Tampa
71-Ralph H. Haben, Jr., Palmetto
72-Lawrence F. Shackelford, Palmetto
73-Thomas E. Danson, Jr., Sarasota
74-Ted Ewing, Venice
75--Fred Burrall, Port Charlotte
76-Charles (Chuck) Nergard, Port St. Lucie
77-William G. "(Doc)" Myers, Hobe Sound
78-Ray Liberti, West Palm Beach
79-Eleanor Weinstock, Palm Beach
80-Jim Watt, Lake Park
81-Edward J. Healey, West Palm Beach
82-Gene Campbell, Royal Palm Beach
83-Tom Lewis, North Palm Beach
84-Tom Bush, Fort Lauderdale
85-Terry O'Malley, Margate
86-Linda Cox, Fort Lauderdale
87-Steve Warner, Pompano Beach
88-Tom Gustafson, Fort Lauderdale
89-Mary Ellen Hawkins, Naples
90-Franklin B. (Frank) Mann, Fort Myers
91-Hugh Paul Nuckolls, Fort Myers
92-Tom McPherson, Fort Lauderdale
93-Harold J. Dyer, Hollywood
94-Fred Lippman, Hollywood
95-Walter C. "Walt" Young, Pembroke Pines
96-Lawrence J. Smith, Hollywood
97-David J. Lehman, Hollywood
98-Elaine Gordon, Miami
99-Barry Kutun, Miami Beach
100-Virginia Rosen, North Miami
101-Harold (Hal) W. Spaet, Miami Beach
102-Gwen Margolis, North Miami Beach



103-Ronald (Ron) A. Silver, North Miami Beach
104-William H. Lockward, Miami Lakes
105-Joe Kershaw, Miami
106-Gwendolyn "Gwen" Cherry, Miami
107-A. M. "Tony" Fontana, Hialeah
108-Bob Reynolds, Miami
109-Joe Gersten, South Miami
110-Roberta Fox, Coral Gables
111-Tom Gallagher, Miami
112-Lawrence H. "Larry" Plummer, Miami
113-William E. "Bill" Sadowski, Miami
114-Robert (Bob) Hector, Miami
115-James F. Eckhart, Miami
116-Gene Flinn, Miami
117-Bill Flynn, Miami
118-John Cyril Malloy, Miami
119-Larry Hawkins, Miami
120-Joe Allen, Key West

GIVEN under my hand and the Great
seal of the State of Florida at
Tallahassee, the Capital, this 17th
day of November, A. D., 1978.
Jesse J. McCrary, Jr.
Secretary of State

The following Members were recorded present:


Hawkins, L. R.
Hawkins, M. E.
Johnson, A. E.
Johnson, B. L.
Johnson, R. C.
Jones, C. F.
Jones, D. L.

Lewis, J. W.
Lewis, T. F.

Smith, C. R.
Smith, J. H.
Smith, L. J.

A quorum was present.
Prayer by the Reverend Hal Marchman,Pastor of Central
Baptist Church, Daytona Beach, prefaced by the following

After having known Hyatt Brown for 30 years, I'm not
going to take the time to publicly pray all the many prayers
that I feel for Hyatt and that I offer for Hyatt, and that
those of us in Volusia County feel for him. But let us pray.
Almighty God, at this Thanksgiving Season, we express
our gratitude for the members of this body, chosen to serve.
We are grateful for the leaders and achievements of the
past. Today we give thanks for and invoke Your blessings
on Hyatt Brown as the new Speaker. May we all strive to
be grateful that You are our God and that You call us to be
Your people of justice, mercy and love. Help each one to be
sensitive to Your spirit and will. Amen.

The Members pledged allegiance to the Flag, led by the
following representatives of veterans organizations: Commander

Roger Yost, Disabled American Veterans; Commander Al De-
Stefano and Quartermaster Cecil Branford, Veterans of Foreign
Wars; Legislative Chairman Bob Clark, AMVETS; Past Depart-
ment Commander Hoyt Whitaker, Marine Corps League; Past
Deputy Commander Irvin Steinberg, Jewish War Veterans.

Introduction of House Physician
The Chair introduced Dr. James G. White of Daytona Beach,
who was serving in the Clinic today.

Oath taken by Members
The Members together took the Oath of Office prescribed by
the Constitution of the State of Florida from the Honorable
Jere Tolton, former Member and now Judge, First Judicial

Election of the Speaker
The Chair announced that nominations would now be re-
ceived for Speaker of the House of Representatives for a term
of two years from this date.

Remarks by Mr. Haben
Representative Haben nominated the Honorable J. Hyatt
Brown for Speaker with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker, Members of the House, distinguished guests,
ladies and gentlemen: I have contemplated this moment for
almost three years. It presents a unique dichotomy. It is the
most important occasion of my political life. It is a proud
moment to have this opportunity to nominate Hyatt Brown as
the Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives for 1979-
1980. Yet, at the same time, it is perhaps my most difficult
moment. The process of nomination to high state office is both
solemn and momentous. It portends, however, a closeness, a
friendship, a relationship between those involved; and, therein
the problem is presented: the desire to convey to you my
feelings about the man, his ideas and the destiny of this body
under his leadership. I have struggled to find the phrases
which will adequately express the myriad of reasons why
Hyatt Brown should be the Speaker of the House of Repre-
sentatives. I find myself unequal to the task; my command of
the language insufficient to portray Hyatt Brown in a true
perspective. Can one by mere words measure intensity, char-
acter, drive, ambition, willingness to serve? I think not. The
attempt would be in vain and so I have opted to explain his
candidacy; and perhaps the telling will enable you to perceive
the necessity, the advisability, the desirability of having him
serve this legislative House, and all of Florida.

If I were asked to describe Hyatt Brown by way of quote, I
would be compelled to share with you Theodore Roosevelt's
comment at the Sorbonne:

The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena,
whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood . who
knows the great enthusiasm, the great devotions; who spends
himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end
the triumph of high achievement, and... if he fails, at least
fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be
with those cold and timid souls who know neither victory nor

The attitude expressed in that statement is Hyatt Brown and
now, let me share with you a journey, or better stated, a

Hyatt Brown has impacted the internal politics of this House
in a way that Florida history will record favorably. Never
again will a Representative who desires to lead this Chamber
be able to achieve his goal without traveling this great State.


Hyatt Brown had a method to his madness. I recall now, the
dissenters who were critical of his travels. Many people, even
those who believed in him and his candidacy, did not foresee the
dual nature of the journey. Its ostensible purpose was to con-
vince many of you that he had the desire, the drive, the cap-
ability to lead; but that was not the essence. The forced march,
the endless drive, the sleepless nights, all of the untiring effort
pointed at a single purpose. The ultimate goal: a personal and
real understanding of the problems that face this vibrant and
diverse Florida; a working knowledge of the issues that we in
the Florida Legislature must find viable solutions for. A prob-
lem cannot be solved unless and until the leadership and the
membership of this House understands the nature and in-
tricacies contained within.
From the Alabama border to the Atlantic, from Jacksonville
to Miami Beach, from Key West up the Gulf Coast to Tampa,
from Orange County to Cedar Key, around the Big Bend through
the Panhandle. Thousands of miles, thousands of personal dol-
lars, for what purpose? To understand, to comprehend, to live
this great State. To come to you and categorically state, "I
perceive, I know, I've been there. Together we can go forward
and face the challenge of a growth state with unlimited po-
tential and a great destiny." Each of you has a constituency,
not only in your individual districts, but throughout this state.
Recall if you can, when a candidate for Speaker has come to
your office, talked with your local officials, met with your
newspaper. What better barometer of desire to lead, to serve,
to find real solutions to complex problems.
Many of us make political promises that are difficult to
keep. Hyatt Brown's nomination is not a promise of fulfillment;
it is rather a commitment to action by each of us. The real
issue for us is are we willing to pay the price, are we prepared
to sacrifice as he has. Are we willing to pledge ourselves to
the awesome tasks of finding meaningful solutions for all of
Florida. I would be less than candid if I did not suggest that
if you do see fit to elect him, you must recognize the conse-
quences. Hard work, much effort will be the rule, not the
exception. Dedication required, not optional; perseverance, the
watchword. If we select him, we will be the better for it, as will
all of Florida.
It is with tremendous pride and expectation I recommend to
you the gentleman from Volusia County, Hyatt Brown.

Remarks by Mr. Moffitt
Representative Moffitt seconded the nomination of Mr. Brown
with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker, my colleagues in the House, and honored guests:
I, too, feel privileged to stand before you to second the nomina-
tion of Hyatt Brown who, as Dr. Morris tells me, will soon
become the 66th individual to serve as Speaker of the Florida
House of Representatives.
In the book entitled The Sometimes Governments the Citizens'
Conference on State Legislatures stated that one of the most
critical factors in the legislative process is the stability and
strength of leadership. The function of the Speaker, as a
legislative leader, is to give overall direction to the work of
the body over which he presides. The members of that body give
him the power to channel their efforts and to enable the
membership to work its will. The Speaker should certainly not
be so powerful, or able to exercise his power so arbitrarily,
as to become a virtual dictator, but neither should he be a
mere figurehead. Since we are all involved in a fragile process
in which diverse views and opinions are compromised and resolved,
we must labor hard to insure that our process is not spoiled.
Because we are collectively responsible for the success
or failure of this legislative process, we must choose carefully
the leader who will guide us in our deliberations. This vote
today, choosing a Speaker, will be perhaps the most important
we will cast during our two year term.
Our Speaker must have the sensitivity to give the minority,
as well as the majority, the right to be heard; to allow those
in inferior positions of power to assert their thoughts. He must
organize the House so that we can operate smoothly. He must
provide direction so that the important issues which concern the
citizens of this state will be fairly debated and resolved. He
must be willing to relent when the majority of the Members
disagree, perhaps, with his personal opinion. He must be sensi-
tive to the people and preserve their right to view the process
in action. He must steadfastly maintain a fair application of
the Rules. He must, I think most importantly, preserve public
trust and not yield to pressure if it in any way would com-
promise the integrity of this body.
Once we make our selection, we cannot sit back and think our
job is done. Our Speaker will need our help. He cannot shoulder
the tremendous burdens of this office without our help. As he
pledges to serve us, so must we pledge to serve him. In this way,
we can all best serve our state.
Those of us who have known Hyatt Brown and who have
worked with him, know that he will serve us well. Those of you
who are new to this body will find in a short time why he
commands our trust and respect, and why he is a unique and
appropriate choice to be our Speaker. I don't mean to suggest
that Hyatt's not going to make mistakes or that we're not
going to differ on issues; yet I feel confident in two years
we will look back on Hyatt's term as Speaker of this House
with satisfaction and pride. He has already honored us with his
friendship and his dedication to work. He will honor us as
Speaker. Because of his demonstrated commitment to the suc-
cess of this legislative process, because of my personal confi-
dence in his ability to be fair, it is my honor to second the
nomination of my friend, Hyatt Brown, as Speaker of the

Remarks by Mr. Bell
Representative Bell seconded the nomination of Mr. Brown
with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker, Judge Tolton, ladies and gentlemen: Each new
beginning holds the promise that what may come to pass and
what is yet to be will far surpass the world of yesterday.
Today, as part of that new beginning, I stand to second the
nomination of my friend, J. Hyatt Brown, as Speaker of the
Florida House of Representatives.
Each of us assembled here is many different things to many
people; likewise is our nominee. To Mrs. J. Adrian Brown, our
Speaker is a son to be proud of; to Cici, he is a husband to
love and share the joys and sorrows of life with; to Powell,
Kellim and Barrett, he is dad, who takes them to the farm and
to the beach, and helps them with their homework. To those of
us who know our Speaker well, he is a trusted friend; a caring
person, full of the joy of living; a person of boundless energy
and 7:00 a.m. meetings; a person who snow skis with the same
skill and enthusiasm which he brings to every other endeavor; a
person with an exceptional understanding of people; a person
with a raucous sense of humor; a man with a purpose.
Today, however, as we prepare to elect Hyatt Brown as
Speaker, it is important to understand what he represents to the
people of the State of Florida he will serve. To the people of
this State, he and all of you, his colleagues, represent the
symbolic culmination of the shift in representation resulting


from reapportionment. With your successful election and the
action we take today, this Chamber will more closely resemble
and reflect the thinking of modern Florida than any hereto-
fore. By the election today of a businessman with well-honed
managerial skills, we resurrect the hope that government growth
can be checked and be made to work for the people, not against
In a day of compromise and capitulation, our Speaker brings
to us his proven courage-the courage to stand with you for
what is right and to stand against those who would attack you
for their own self-interest.
The State's electorate, by the rejection of the Constitutional
Revision proposals, reaffirmed its faith in the legislative pro-
cess. Hyatt Brown, with your support, will justify that trust.
This is an era of rapidly changing events, an era of fear
and uncertainty, an era of prosperity overshadowed by the
threat of economic collapse and disaster. In such a time we
need strong positive leadership. Hyatt Brown will give us that
leadership. We have the option now of being the victim of
change or its master. Leadership can make Florida what it
should be rather than what it might become.
Intelligent, courageous, incisive, caring, a father, a son; a
man with a genius for building consensus-with uncompromis-
ing integrity; a leader you can follow with pride and trust; a
man uniquely prepared for this moment.
And now with deep feeling and in the belief that we can make
a difference, I second the nomination of our friend, J. Hyatt

Remarks by Mr. Richmond

Representative Richmond nominated the Honorable S. Curtis
Kiser for Speaker with the following remarks:

Mr. Speaker, ladies and gentlemen of the House, honored
guests: It may, to many of you, appear to be an effort in
futility for me to stand here today. However, last spring Hyatt
Brown taught one Curtis Kiser and me how to count votes
overnight, and we have learned well. Last night was productive.
I stand here for the purpose of placing in nomination the
name of S. Curtis Kiser, more commonly known as Curt, of
Palm Harbor, Pinellas County, Florida, the Republican nominee
for Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives for the
next term. This is for the purpose of letting you and the people
of this great State know that this is a two-party state, a
balanced state. We intend to add the balance that it's going to
take to move this state forward in a very progressive manner
during the next two years.

Curt was chosen as our leader of the Minority Party for
various and many reasons. To give you a little background, he
was born in Oskaloosa, Iowa back in 1944, and moved to Florida
in 1967 to attend the Florida State University College of Law.
During that period of time he worked in the administration of
Governor Kirk and became quite familiar with state govern-
ment. He became quite interested in serving the people of the
State of Florida. He moved to Palm Harbor, Florida in 1972
to practice law and to run for the Legislature, and he was
quite successful in both. In the year 1972, to show some of the
family's interest in government-that it's not just Curt him-
self-his mother was elected to the Iowa Legislature. In 1975,
Curt became Chairman of the Pinellas County Delegation, one
of the largest delegations in the Florida House. During that
period of time he instigated, promoted, organized, and put
together a driving force known as an urban coalition which
dealt, during the terms of Mr. Tucker, the present Speaker,
with the various regional and statewide issues confronting
urban areas.
Curt is much like Hyatt Brown in his ability to spot issues
of critical state concern before they become of critical state
concern, and to analyze those issues, and analyze a solution to
those problems, and to be able to put together the forces in
order to solve those problems. Certainly Curt possesses those
virtues of honesty, integrity, and leadership ability, or he
would not be among us here today. But to say the least, from
what I've known of Curt in the past eight or ten years that
I've known him, he is a person who is intensely loyal; he, like
Hyatt Brown, is a workaholic; he has the intensity and drive
that it would take to be a leader of this great state; he is loyal
to his friends, his community, his state, and his country. He
will guide the Minority to the necessary position that it will
take in order to make this a great and better state.
Mr. Speaker, I herewith place in nomination for Speaker of
the Florida House of Representatives the name of S. Curtis

Remarks by Miss Jennings
Representative Jennings seconded the nomination of Mr. Kiser
with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker, fellow legislators, distinguished guests, and
friends: As we approach the end of the decade of the 70's, it
is probably now more important than ever that Florida have
leaders-leaders not just of keen awareness to see problems
and to understand, but leaders of vision to find answers; leaders
not just of power, but of the conviction of fair play; leaders
who know that the 120 Members of this House are here for one
purpose, and that is the purpose of making this a better state
for all of us.
Just as state government has moved into its new home in
this magnificent building, so must we, too, move to a new
generation of leadership. S. Curtis Kiser is that new generation.
So I stand here today, filled with pride and with personal
pleasure, to second the nomination of the Honorable S. Curtis
Kiser, of the great County of Pinellas, for Speaker of the
Florida House of Representatives.

Remarks by Mr. Gallagher
Representative Gallagher seconded the nomination of Mr.
Kiser with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker, fellow Members of the House, relatives and
friends: Five years ago was my first time, right about this
time-actually it was six months later because it was a special
election-that I was elected to this House. In fact, I was elected
one week prior to the session opening. If you all who are new
think you don't know what is happening, then you should have
been in my shoes. But there were many people who were willing
to help me, and one of those people who stood out was Curt
Kiser. Two years ago, I remember so very well, there was a
large number of Freshmen, and one person who spent many,
many hours with them in the evenings, helping them with many
problems that they had, again was Curt Kiser.
A little more than a year ago, Curt Kiser decided to run for
Congress. I contributed to that race, and when I did I said,
"Curt, if you run out of money or it looks like you're not going
to make it, please don't get out of state government, or out of
government, period, because I know how much it means to you
and I know how much it means to the people of the state." Six
months ago, money got a little tight in that campaign and it


didn't look very good for him, and a few of us went to him and
said, "Curt, we have the opportunity, and we are concerned
about the two-party system in this state and in this nation, and
we know how dedicated you are, how much you feel about our
government. Please consider running for the minority leader-
ship of this House." Curt made that decision, and in one of
those evenings like some of us know about, that decision was
made. Yesterday, Curt was elected to the minority leadership
unanimously, and now it is my privilege to second the nomina-
tion of S. Curtis Kiser for the office of Speaker of the House
of Representatives.

Representatives Brown and Kiser were declared the nominees
for Speaker. The Chair appointed Representatives Bell and T. F.
Lewis as tellers. When the votes were cast for Speaker, the
result was:


Hawkins, L. R.
Johnson, A. E.
Johnson, B. L.
Johnson, R. C.
Jones, C. F.
Lewis, J. W.
Smith, C. R.
Smith, L. J.


Hawkins, M. E.
Jones, D. L.
Lewis, T. F.
Smith, J. H.

Mr. Brown was declared the duly elected Speaker for the
next two-year term beginning today.
On motion by Mr. Ryals, the Chair appointed Representatives
Bell, Haben, Moffitt, Conway, and Ryals as a committee to
escort to the rostrum Mr. Brown; his wife, Cici; their sons,
Powell, Kellim, and Barrett; and Mr. Brown's mother, Mrs. J.
Adrian Brown. The Chair presented Mr. Brown's family to the
membership and introduced the following family members who
were seated in the Chamber: Mr. and Mrs. A. Worley Brown,
brother and wife; Mr. Adrian Brown, nephew; Mr. Arthur N.
Morris, Mrs. Worley Brown's father; and Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Rodriguez, Mrs. Brown's parents.
Judge Tolton administered the Oath of Office to the Speaker
and presented to him the Bible on which he took his oath. The
committee then escorted the family members to their seats.
The Speaker was given the gavel and then presented by the
Chair to the membership.


As he assumed the Chair, the Speaker expressed his gratitude
to retiring Speaker Tucker for his contributions to the House
and his help in the transition.

Election of the Speaker pro tempore
The Speaker announced that nominations would now be re-
ceived for Speaker pro tempore of the House for a term of two
years from this date.

Remarks by Mr. Sheldon
Representative Sheldon nominated the Honorable Richard S.
Hodes for Speaker pro tempore with the following remarks:
It is indeed an honor and a pleasure for me to nominate
today for Speaker pro tempore of the Florida House of Repre-
sentatives, Dr. Richard S. Hodes, who was first elected to the
House in 1966. Outgoing Governor Haydon Burns was turning
Florida's reins over to the first Republican governor since
Reconstruction. State government itself was a virtual morass
of over 200 executive agencies. The Legislature, woefully
understaffed and to a large degree subservient to the execu-
tive, met once every two years. For their efforts, legislators
were compensated the grand sum of $100 per month. The su-
preme law of the state was a much-amended, much-outdated
Constitution written in 1885. 1966 was an interesting year in
other ways, too. That year I was a wide-eyed college freshman.
The following year FSU would beat the Gators, a feat not to be
repeated for a decade.
Dr. Richard Hodes was to become a principal actor in the
events that would bring state government, sometimes kicking
and screaming, into the 20th century. Very quickly, the House
leadership recognized that here was a man of uncommon
abilities. In 1968, after serving only two years in the House,
he became chairman of the Committee on Health & Rehabilita-
tive Services, a post he was to hold for six consecutive years.
Think back again, ladies and gentlemen, to the year 1968.
The voters of Florida overwhelmingly approved a revised Con-
stitution for the state, a Constitution containing a mandate to
reduce state government to no more than 25 executive agencies.
The Legislature began work that year bringing the 200-odd
executive departments under some semblance of accountability
and control. Dr. Hodes presided over the reorganization of the
overlapping, uncoordinated system of health and social services
that existed at the time. In what many observers have since
called a daring and progressive move, Dr. Hodes helped fashion
a system of social services that would care for the whole
individual, the whole family, the whole community, the whole
state. No longer would persons needing assistance from their
government be shuffled from agency to agency, with each one
looking myopically at only one aspect of the problem. Florida's
system of health and social service delivery, despite its frequent
critics, is still regarded as one of the best examples of a compre-
hensive, coordinated system of service delivery.
In 1975 Dr. Hodes became chairman of the House Education
Committee. Very quickly, the energy and leadership that had
characterized his service as HRS Chairman manifested itself
in the field of education. Think back again, ladies and gentle-
men, to the year 1975, only a few short years ago. The people
of Florida had lost much of their confidence in public education.
Reports of high school graduates who couldn't read-indeed, of
teachers who couldn't read-filled the press. Once again, Dr.
Hodes was there to provide the leadership necessary to begin
the long road back to restoring the people's confidence in our
system of public education. The people wanted to return to the
basics in education. Dr. Hodes responded by helping to shape
what was to become known as Florida's "functional literacy
But educational accountability did not stop at administration
of the functional literacy exam. The Educational Accountability
Act of 1976 provided that the system itself be held accountable,


that the goals set for the system be both realistic and realized,
that program costs be evaluated to see if we were getting the
best education for our tax dollars. It was the compassion that
Dr. Hodes brought to this cry for the basics in education, the
realization that part of the reason that Johnny couldn't read
was because the system itself didn't teach him, that made the
Educational Accountability Act a milestone in Florida public
It did not take long for someone with such an obvious talent
for leadership to become recognized at the national level. He
was one of a select group of Floridians that attended the
White House Economic Summit in 1974. On many occasions he
has testified before Congress on a variety of issues ranging
from revenue sharing to welfare to oceanography. Other legisla-
tors from every state in the Union have also recognized Dr.
Hodes' abilities. Presently he is serving as president of the
In spite of the many hours he has devoted to his duties as
legislator, Dr. Hodes has still had time to distinguish himself
in his chosen profession. He graduated from the Tulane Univer-
sity School of Medicine in 1946; he was a Fellow in Anesthesi-
ology at the University of Minnesota from 1947-49. Since 1951
he has been in the private practice of anesthesiology in Tampa.
He has served the medical profession as an educator, founding
and directing a residency program in anesthesiology at Tampa
General Hospital. He was a Clinical Assistant Professor of
Anesthesiology at the University of Florida College of Medicine
from 1967-73, and has been a Clinical Professor of Surgery
at the University of South Florida College of Medicine from
1973 to the present.
His colleagues in his profession have time and time again
honored him by electing him to office in their associations. In
1960, he was president of the Florida Society of Anesthesiolo-
gists. He has served as president of the Hillsborough County
Medical Association and treasurer of the Florida Medical Asso-
ciation. This year, his colleagues in the medical profession in
Florida have honored him by electing him president of the
Florida Medical Association.
Those House members who have served with Dr. Hodes will
attest, I am sure, to his brilliance as an anesthesiologist. On
many occasions, while arguing the merits of one of his bills,
Dr. Hodes has succeeded in putting more than half the Mem-
bers to sleep!
When preparing this nominating speech, I searched and
searched for some "turkey" that Dr. Hodes, in all his years
in the Legislature, might have slipped through for the folks
back in his district. That search proved very frustrating. In
fact, the only thing that I could find that even resembled a
"turkey" was his instrumental effort in establishing a medical
school at the University of South Florida. It is a testament
to the unselfish vision of this man that the only parochialism I
could find was an instance where he worked to enable Florida,
the entire state of Florida, to increase the number of health
care practitioners available to our citizens.

It is that kind of unselfish service that commends his
nomination as Speaker pro tem of this House. For a Speaker
pro tem must serve with just that sense of unselfishness, that
sense of equity. For all practical purposes, he must have the
leadership qualities, the judgment and the demeanor of a
Speaker, for very often he is called to assume those duties. He
must be both liked and respected by his colleagues in the
House, for it is those colleagues whom he is called to serve.
Above all, he must be fair and compassionate, ready not only
to help his friends, but to treat his enemy justly.

We have such a man in Dr. Hodes. And so, Mr. Speaker,
ladies and gentlemen of the House, it is with a deep sense of
honor and a singular sense of pleasure that I nominate for
Speaker pro tempore of the House of Representatives my col-
league and my friend, Dr. Richard S. Hodes.

Remarks by Mr. Morgan
Representative Morgan seconded the nomination of Dr. Hodes
with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker and ladies and gentlemen of this House, guests
and friends of all of us here: It's a distinct pleasure, it's my
privilege and my honor to second the nomination today of Dr.
Richard S. Hodes as Speaker pro tempore of the Florida House
of Representatives.
I first came to be acquainted with Dr. Hodes when he, like
many of you here, was a freshman legislator. Dr. Hodes dis-
tinguished himself in the years since that time in many ways,
but I think perhaps today that I might just acquaint you with
a particular characteristic and a particular element of his
personality, of his dedication, and of his life in service to this
state, for which we, especially in this Chamber, should be grate-
ful and should be indebted.
But first let me read to you a brief quote from someone who
said much better than I can what, perhaps, can characterize
this particular something that I believe Dr. Hodes offers to this
Chamber. Walter Lippman said this: "The lesson of the tre-
mendous days through which we are passing is that men can-
not live upon the achievements of their forefathers, but must
themselves renew them. We cannot escape the elementary facts
of life, that for a people there is nothing for nothing; that what
they have they must themselves make; that what they cherish
they must themselves achieve; what they wish to keep they
must themselves defend."
Ladies and gentlemen of this House, Dr. Hodes, as we all
know, is a physician. And a physician has a special calling in
society and in this world to tend to the ills and the needs of
our physical bodies. It requires considerable dedication and
time and effort; it requires a considerable degree of education,
all of which say that a person who chooses that as his life's
career could wrap himself in it completely and leave himself
there and say, "I have done my thing for society." Dr. Hodes
has gone far beyond that.
Someone has said that if you want a job done, you give that
job to a busy man. Dr. Hodes is that busy man, as he practices
his chosen profession as a physician. Though busy, he has
found time to go beyond medicine in his service to his fellow
man, in his dedication. He has served his professional organiza-
tions at the local level; he has served at the state level as the
treasurer of the Florida Medical Association, and is the presi-
dent-elect of that organization. But he has also served in a
capacity that I think is important to us in the Chamber in a
special way. He has served at the national level in many capaci-
ties, but to me the most important is that he has served in the
National Conference of State Legislatures with a goal and a
desire to make our service in this body more effective, more
professional, and of more import to what happens in the state.
As a co-equal branch in a triumvirate of power that rests, in a
state like ours, between the three branches of government, it's
imperative that the legislative branch exercise its proper func-
tion. Dr. Hodes has given a considerable portion of his time to
helping our body, to helping those around the country, to im-
prove upon that service.

So I remind you that it's what we wish to keep we must
defend. It's with great pleasure that I second the nomination of


Dr. Richard S. Hodes as the Speaker pro tempore of this

Remarks by Mrs. Carlton

Representative Carlton seconded the nomination of Dr. Hodes
with the following remarks:

Mr. Speaker, ladies and gentlemen of the House, and dis-
tinguished guests: It is my great honor to second the nomination
of Dr. Richard S. Hodes.

When I was first elected to the House, I was well aware of
my own inexperience and weaknesses. I felt just as many of
you who are new legislators are feeling right now. But I knew
that there were here in these halls, in this great body of states-
men, those seasoned Members who were towers of strength and
pillars of wisdom. Now, I have to tell you that I just knew that
those Members were here and would guide and lead and direct
and lend a helping hand when a helping hand was needed.
Much to my surprise, I found that there were very few towers
of strength and almost no pillars of wisdom. They're rare, but
they are here, and Representative Dick Hodes is such a man.
Not only was he willing to take time to help me, as a new
Member, but he has served as friend and counselor to many
before me. There is no way to measure the impact that this
man has made on the lives of so many young people who have
had the privilege of working with him in our Legislative In-
ternship program.

A true friend has been described this way: "Oh, the comfort!
Oh, the indescribable comfort of feeling safe with a person-
having neither to weigh words nor measure thoughts; pouring
them all right out just as they are, chaff and grain together,
certain that a faithful hand will take and sift them, keep what
is worth keeping and, with a breath of kindness, blow the rest
away." Dr. Richard Hodes has been that faithful hand to so
many. He's been that kind of friend to many of us who are
here, and many who are no longer here.

All of us come to this body with lofty dreams and aspirations.
One of my favorite lines of poetry comes from Robert Frost. He
said: "The woods are long, and dark, and deep/ And I have
promises to keep/ And miles to go before I sleep." All of us
have promises to keep. We have promises to keep to our con-
stituents, promises to keep to our state, to our nation, and to
our God. Dick Hodes is a man who keeps his promises.

Ladies and gentlemen, it is a great pleasure, a privilege, an
honor, for me to second the nomination of Dr. Richard S. Hodes
for the office of Speaker pro tem of the House of Representa-
tives of the great State of Florida.

Remarks by Mr. Danson

Representative Danson nominated the Honorable Frederic
H. Burrall for Speaker pro tempore with the following re-

It is my rare and unique opportunity and honor to offer for
nomination as Speaker pro tempore the Honorable Frederic H.
Representative Burrall was elected from the 75th district in
1974 and has been reelected subsequently, without opposition in
1976. Representative Burrall has served his largely rural, but
developing and growing, district with distinction. His district
is one with many types and forms of problems. Fred Burrall
has shown an understanding and a willingness to solve this
myriad of problems.

This willingness to help has extended to the Members of this
House, regardless of party affiliation. This willingness to help
has resulted in Representative Burall being held in the highest
esteem and respect by the Members of this House. He was a
prime sponsor of the first bill passed by the 1977 Legislature
and signed into law by the Governor. For a Republican, that is
an amazing feat!
Representative Burrall has served the State of Florida through
his service on the Committees on Rules & Calendar, Natural
Resources, Criminal Justice, Retirement, Personnel & Collective
Bargaining, and the Select Committee on Farm Labor.
Representative Burrall is the tallest of all House Members. I
am sure that you agree that his stature is no less imposing or
impressive than his outstanding legislative record that would
allow him to serve well as Speaker pro tempore.

Mr. Speaker, it is my pleasure to offer the nomination of
the Honorable Frederic H. Burrall for Speaker pro tempore.

Remarks by Mrs. Easley
Representative Easley seconded the nomination of Mr. Burrall
with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker, ladies and gentlemen: I rise to second the
nomination of the Honorable Fred Burrall for Speaker pro
tempore of the Florida House.
One of the real fringe benefits of serving in the Legislature
is having the opportunity to know, as friends, people whom you
would never have had any other opportunity to meet. Many of
us have worked closely with Fred Burrall over these last four
years, and many of us have come to know him as a hard-work-
ing legislator, a leader, a man to look up to-literally-and a
man who is a good friend. To use a phrase that has come to be
a high compliment in this Legislature-he is a man who is there
when you need him.
Mr. Speaker, it is a pleasure and an honor to second the
nomination of the Honorable Fred Burrall for the office of
Speaker pro tempore.

Remarks by Mr. Patchett
Representative Patchett seconded the nomination of Mr.
Burrall with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker, Members of the House, honored guests: It is
with great pleasure that I stand before you today for the
purpose of seconding the nomination of our colleague, the
Honorable Fred Burrall of the 75th district, for the position of
Speaker pro tempore of the Florida House of Representatives.

In the third floor attic of the old Capitol where our offices
were across the hall from each other, in the new Capitol where
we shared an office, and serving on the Committee on Natural
Resources, I have learned to rely on Representative Burrall. He
is a man of his word. In the realms of politics you will find
that you must be able to depend on a man's word and your
friends. I value Representative Burrall's word and his friend-
He is a man who is qualified to serve you and me as Speaker
pro tempore-a man of outstanding abilities; a man with a keen
sense of humor; a man you can trust to do what he feels is
best for his constituents, his colleagues, and the State of
Florida. He understands government, how it works and how it
doesn't. He knows how to set priorities and how to accomplish
goals. Representative Burrall is the man for the job. He will
serve this body well.


Mr. Speaker, I second the nomination of Representative
Burrall for the office of Speaker pro tempore of the Florida
House of Representatives.

Representatives Hodes and Burrall were declared the nominees
for Speaker pro tempore. The Speaker appointed Representa-
tives Bell and T. F. Lewis as tellers. When the votes were cast
for Speaker pro tempore, the result was:


Hawkins, L. R.
Johnson, A. E.
Johnson, B. L.
Johnson, R. C.
Jones, C. F.
Lewis, J. W.
Smith, C. R.
Smith, L. J.
Hawkins, M. E.
Jones, D. L.
Lewis, T. F.
Smith, J. H.

Dr. Hodes was declared the duly elected Speaker pro tempore
for the next two-year term beginning today.

On motion by Ms. Davis, the Speaker appointed Representa-
tives Davis, Foster, C. Fred Jones, Girardeau, and Sadowski as
a committee to escort Dr. Hodes, his wife, Marjorie, and their
daughter, Marilyn to the rostrum. The Speaker presented Dr.
Hodes' family to the membership.

Judge Tolton administered the Oath of Office to the Speaker
pro tempore, after which the committee escorted Dr. Hodes'
family to their seats.

Remarks by the Speaker pro tempore
The Speaker presented Dr. Hodes, who addressed the House
as follows:
Today is the first day of the 21st century. The direction
that this House establishes as we start a new era in Florida
political history will continue into the eighties and nineties and

Outside of this building which is housing its first Organiza-
tional Session a generation is waiting. That generation has
facing it the responsibility of running the economic engines
that we stimulate, living with the natural resources and en-
vironment we bequeath, and operating within the political
structure we alter. What we give it as tools to manage the
task will come from the education system we finance and

To do the job, each of us should set a goal-a goal to create
at least one new idea, one new thought. The idea may be a

whole new program or perhaps the abolition of an old one. It
may be a new understanding through oversight of what's
happening in government today, or it may simply be to set an
example of political integrity and moral tone for a disillusioned
The greatest satisfaction I have known in my years in this
House comes from looking back upon small improvements
in our state to which, in my mind, I know I have con-
tributed. The headlines, the TV interviews and the votes in the
long run are all a last hurrah. The buildings and the institu-
tions are but public monuments. But the subtle changes in
public attitudes, the increase in bureaucratic sensitivity in this
area or that, a little salve on the pain of human suffering,
can bring a smile of quiet satisfaction when you say to your-
self, "This one belongs to me."
When the decades of the future look upon you they will ask,
"Why did they do it?" Only you will have known the real

Presentation of Distinguished Guests
The Speaker presented the Honorable D. Robert Graham,
Governor-elect, and the Honorable Wayne Mixson, Lt. Governor-
elect, both former Members of the House.

Election of the Clerk
The Speaker announced that nominations would now be
received for Clerk of the House for a term of two years from
this date.

Remarks by Mr. Ryals
Representative Ryals nominated Dr. Allen Morris for Clerk
with the following remarks:
Thank you, Mr. Speaker. Colleagues and guests: I would like
to observe that the person's name whom I am going to nominate,
Dr. Allen Morris, to serve as our Clerk for the next two years,
is the only person this morning to be elected without opposition.

I first came to Tallahassee in 1966 as a Member of this
House, and had the opportunity to meet Dr. Allen Morris. I
don't think that I have ever met a man whom I liked any
better than I do Allen Morris. I think at this moment I ought
to tell you just a little bit about the background of this great

Allen was born in Chicago in 1909 and, with his widowed
father, came to Miami in 1921. He was a drop-out from Miami
High School in the day when quitting class for work was re-
garded as making your own way. He responded to a classified
advertisement for "a bright young man," and he was employed
on his 16th birthday in 1925 by the Miami News as a copy boy.
That was the traditional way then for progress in the news
room, to rise from copy boy to reporter, to editor. Allen
deviated briefly from that pattern by working as a press
He went from the Miami News in 1933-the year I was born
-to the Associated Press, thereafter being stationed at Jack-
sonville, Tallahassee, and Miami. He was then recruited by the
Miami Herald as first a re-write man, then night City Editor,
and then its political editor. The Herald sent him to Talla-
hassee to cover the 1941 session of the Florida Legislature,
and that commenced a love affair with the House of Repre-
sentatives, on both sides, which has never faltered. He came
back to Tallahassee in 1943 for the next regular session, and
remained here, making his way thereafter as an independent
governmental columnist, writing "Cracker Politics," for some 12
daily and numerous weekly newspapers. Those newspapers
were as diverse in philosophy as Martin Andersen's Orlando
Sentinel and Nelson Poynter's St. Petersburg Times. To satisfy


these newspapers for some 20 years was a championship balanc-
ing act, and a measure of his objectivity and impartiality, the
same qualities which have served him so well as Clerk of the
House. He has served the House of Representatives as Consult-
ant on Rules since 1947 and full time as our Clerk since 1966.
As far as Florida government is concerned, Allen Morris is
one of the real students of this government, and he has put a
great amount of his knowledge into a book that we all know and
read and respect. It's called The Florida Handbook. It will soon
be published in its 17th biennial edition. It is used in classrooms
all over the state and millions of Florida boys and girls have
had the opportunity to learn about their state government
from The Florida Handbook. He also has written or co-au-
thored ten other books touching on the history or government
of our state. He has served on councils of the Judicial and
Executive Departments, giving him a rounded view of Florida's
government. He has earned the honorary degree of Doctor of
Humane Letters from Florida State University in recognition
of his public service, and that degree was presented to him in
the old Chamber a few years ago, a ceremony which many of
you had the opportunity to witness.
Allen Morris is a unique individual in Florida history. I can
tell you this: during the past four years, on many occasions
when either Speaker Tucker or I was presiding on the rostrum,
when we would come down Mr. Haben would usually walk up,
or Mr. Jones, and say, "Boy, you did a great job." I have to
confess to you, the only reason, if we did a good job, was
because we both knew that if we didn't, Allen Morris would
absolutely be all over us. He is the conscience of this House.
You returning Members who know him know exactly what I
am referring to. You new Members, who have perhaps only had
the opportunity to meet Allen for the first time this week, you
will come to know and to love and respect this man, regardless
of whether you are a freshman, senior member, Republican,
Democrat-it makes no difference. He will tell it to you the way
it is and the way he believes it to be, and the way he believes it
to be is the way it is. He will never give you any bad informa-
tion; he will be your friend; he will be your confidant; and
he will be there when you need him the most. And the longer
you stay here, the more you will realize how much you need
It is a great honor and a great privilege for me this morning
to place in nomination the name of a man whom I truly love,
dearly respect and honor to the very bottom of my heart, Dr.
Allen Morris for our Clerk.

Remarks by Mr. Kiser
Representative Kiser, prefaced by the following remarks,
moved that the nominations cease and a unanimous ballot be
cast for Dr. Morris:
I'm glad to see that, as usual, the majority party is following
the lead of the Republican Party. Yesterday morning at our
Caucus, bright and early, we took up the nomination of Dr.
Allen Morris as Clerk. I'm very happy to see this and join with
the Democratic Party this morning in asking that the nomina-
tions for the Clerk of the House cease, that a unanimous roll
call be cast for Dr. Morris, truly one of Florida's first indi-
viduals, a true institution in the State of Florida, and we want
to keep him that way.
The motion was agreed to and a unanimous ballot was cast
for Dr. Morris as Clerk. Judge Tolton administered the Oath
of Office to Dr. Morris.

Remarks by Dr. Morris
Dr. Morris addressed the House as follows:

Mr. Speaker Brown, Mr. Speaker Tucker, ladies and gentle-
men of the House of Representatives: Again, I am deeply
grateful for the honor you do me and through me the staff of
the Office of the Clerk. I know better than anyone else that
what is done is a collective effort.

As some of you know, it was my intention to retire several
years ago. But I did not, for several reasons, not the least of
which was an amateur historian's desire or curiosity to know at
first hand what was happening.
The Clerk, at his desk, looks out upon an on-going experiment
in representative government. The point I seek to make to you
is that here in this Chamber are exercised the liberties of a
free people for which men and women died.
So, therefore, I express again my gratitude to each of you
for giving me the opportunity to observe history in the making
from the best seat in the House. Thank you.

Designation of the Sergeant at Arms
The Speaker announced the designation of Mr. Wayne West-
mark as Sergeant at Arms and requested the consent of the
On motion by Ms. Gordon, seconded by Mr. Burrall, the
House consented to the designation of Mr. Westmark as Ser-
geant at Arms. The Oath of Office was administered to Mr.
Westmark by Judge Tolton.

Remarks by Mr. Westmark
Mr. Westmark responded as follows:
Thank you, Mr. Speaker, ladies and gentlemen of the House.
I am deeply honored for your trust and confidence, Mr. Speaker,
and for the consent to my designation as Sergeant at Arms.
To each of you, thank you very much.

Committee to the Governor
On motion by Mr. Haben, the Speaker appointed Representa-
tives Sheldon, Gersten, Pajcic, C. Fred Jones, Martin, and Craw-
ford as a committee to inform the Governor that the House was
organized and ready to transact business.

Committee to the Senate
On motion by Mr. Haben, the Speaker appointed Representa-
tives Healey, Batchelor, Young, Hazouri, Kutun, and J. W. Lewis
as a committee to inform the Senate that the House was
organized and ready to transact business.
The committees were excused to execute their responsibilities
and report back to the House.

Committee from the Senate
A committee from the Senate consisting of Senators Hill,
Fechtel, Grizzle, Maxwell, McKnight, Neal, Poole, and Steinberg
was received and announced that the Senate was now convened
for organizational purposes and was ready to transact business.

Introduction of House Resolution

By Representative Haben-
HR 1-Org.-A resolution establishing the Rules of the House
of Representatives.
Be It Resolved by the House of Representatives of the State of
The Rules of the House for the biennium of 1978-1980 shall
be the Rules of the House in force at sine die adjournment
on June 8, 1978, except as provided now or hereafter:

(a) Rule 1 is amended to read:


1.10-Designation of Majority Leader, Majority Whip
There shall be a Majority Leader and a Majority Whip,
each of whom shall be designated by the Speaker to serve at
his pleasure and to perform such duties as may be assigned
by the Speaker from time to time.
(b) Rule 6.1 is amended to read:
6.1-Standing Committees and Select Committees
Beginning with the Organization Session, the Speaker shall
appoint the membership of these standing committees:
Agriculture & General Legislation
Community Affairs
Corrections, Probation & Parole
Criminal Justice
Education, Higher
Education, K 12
Ethics & Elections
Finance & Taxation
Governmental Operations
Health & Rehabilitative Services
House Administration
Natural Resources
Regulated Industries & Licensing
Regulatory Reform
Retirement, Personnel & Collective Bargaining
Rules & Calendar
Standards & Conduct
Tourism & Economic Development
Veterans Affairs

The Committee on Rules & Calendar shall have no more than 32
members. With the exception of the Committee on House
Administration and the Committee on Claims, all other standing
committees shall consist of not less than five nor more than
32 members, one of whom shall be designated by the Speaker as
chairman and another as vice chairman. The Speaker Majority
Leader shall, ex officio, be an additional voting member of
every committee. The Chairman of the Committee on Claims also
shall be known as Coordinator of the Subcommittees on Claims.

Committees shall meet on the call of the chairman; or, in
his absence, the vice chairman, or, upon the written request of
three or more members of the committee to the remaining mem-
The Speaker shall appoint such select committees as may be
necessary or authorized by the House.

(c) Rule 7.8 is amended to read:

7.8-Filing for Introduction

(a) All bills for introduction shall be delivered to the Clerk
no later than 12:00 Noon of the second legislative day preceding
introduction. This Rule may be waived only with consent of two-
two-thirds of those present, the motion for which shall not be
entertained unless the movant thereof shall have first notified
the House orally, not less than 30 minutes precedeing the motion,
of his intention to move for the waiver of this Rule so as to
have introduced a specific bill or bills sponsored by him.
The adoption of such motion shall be construed as advancing
the House to the order of Introduction and Reference of bills
solely for the reception of said bill or bills for formal intro-
duction and reference. During the last seven calendar days of
the legislative session this Rule may be suspended or altered
by resolution originating in the Committee on Rules & Calendar.

(b) All bills (other than concurrent resolutions relating to
organization of the Legislature and recall of acts from the
Governor) shall be either prepared or, in the case of local bills,
reviewed by the House Bill Drafting Service. After the review
by the Bill Drafting Service, no change shall be made in the
text or title of the bill without returning the bill to the Bill
Drafting Service prior to filing with the Clerk of the House.

(c) During any special session, all bills for introduction
shall be delivered to the Clerk no later than two hours prior to
the convening of the House.

-- - - - -- -----

(d) The Director of House Bill Drafting Service shall
notify any Member proposing a bill if an identical or similar
bill has been offered and the name of the sponsor.

(d) Rule 7.14 is amended to read:

7.14-Prefiled Bills

(d) Before any standing committee holds a meeting for the
purpose of considering a prefiled bill during the period when
the Legislature is not in session, a notice of such meeting shall
be filed with the Clerk no later than 14 calendar days before the
Monday of Friday preceding the week of the meeting and the
Committee Secretary separately shall send copies of notice to
the sponsors of record of the bill and to such other persons who
have requested notice. This notice shall state the date, time and
place of meeting, bill number, and sufficient of the title for

(e) Rule 8.2 is amended to read:

8.2-Daily Order of Business

The daily order of business shall be as follows:
1. Roll call
2. Prayer
3. Pledge of allegiance
3. 4. Correction of the Journal
5. Receiving of communications
6. Consideration of messages from the Senate
7. Report of standing committees
8. Report of select committees
9. Consideration of bills and joint resolutions on third
4. 10. Motions relating to committee references
10. 11. Matters on reconsideration
11. 12. Special Orders
12. 13. Unfinished business
13. 14. Consideration of bills and joint resolutions on second
14. 15. Consideration of House resolutions, concurrent resolu-
tions and memorials
15. 16. Introduction and Reference of House bills and other
measures originating in the House of Representatives
Within each order of business, matters shall be considered
in the order in which they appear on the Daily Calendar.
Where a time has been established for adjournment of a daily
session, the pending business shall be suspended 15 minutes
before that time and the House shall take up the order of
business of the Introduction and Reference of House bills and
other measures originating in the House of Representatives.
When no time has been fixed for daily adjournment, a motion
to adjourn shall be construed as suspending the business then
before the House and the taking up of the order of business of
Introduction and Reference. Upon the completion of the order
of business of Introduction and Reference, the House then shall
stand adjourned.
During special sessions the order of business of Introduction
and Reference of House bills shall be conducted immediately
following the order of business of Correction of the Journal.
-was read the first time by title. On motions by Mr. Haben,
the rules were waived and the resolution was read the second
time by title and adopted.
Mr. Haben further moved that the rules be waived and the
Rules Committee Report be reviewed and accepted or rejected,
"with amendments by- majority vote the first day of the Regular
Session, which was agreed to.

Address by Speaker Brown
The Speaker addressed.the House as follows:..


Members of the Florida House, former Speaker Tucker, hon-
ored guests, my friends from Daytona Beach, Volusia County,
my own family, I am pleased by your presence here today. I
would like to take a moment to talk about my wife, Cici. You
know, being in this Legislature-and for those of you who are
brand new, your husband or wife will pay a price; it may be a
little greater than what he or she might at this moment an-
ticipate. Those of us who have been here for a while recognize
the price that is paid. When I decided to run for the Legislature
back in 1972, I talked with Cici and Cici realized to some extent
the sacrifice that it meant, and she said, "If you wish to run,
go all the way, and we're behind you a hundred percent." So
then, when the decision was made to run for the Speakership,
the same consultation and the same answer, and I'm sure that
over the last six years she may have had an opportunity here
or there to review and reconsider that urging. Without her
help, at home and with the family and backing me up a hun-
dred percent, I certainly would not have been able to be elected
Speaker, and I appreciate it from the bottom of my heart.
To you, the membership, I express sincere thanks for your
selection of me as Speaker, and for your expression of confi-
dence for the upcoming two years, as well as for the support
you have shown over the past 19 months. I shall do my best to
continue to earn your trust.
I also am especially happy to have participating in this
Organizational Session our former colleague, Judge Jere Tolton,
who was a freshman with me here six years ago, and who was
later appointed and then elected to the bench. Jere was one of
a small group of legislators who met with me in the spring of
1975 to discuss whether or not I should run for Speaker.
The consensus was that I probably couldn't win, but if I
wanted to try, they'd back me heart and soul all the way.
Had it not been for Jere Tolton's help and advice and counsel,
I might not be here today. Therefore, it is especially meaningful
to welcome him back for his participation in this ceremony.
My campaign for the Speakership was unique in that I
traveled around Florida, meeting with representatives in their
districts and seeking votes on a one-to-one basis. During those
travels, I became aware of many issues that were of concern at
the local and regional levels.
I realized that, if I were to become Speaker, I needed to
retrace my steps across the state, to develop an understanding,
sympathy and sensitivity for those local issues. So, after the
1977 session ended, I began traveling again, logging many
miles over the ensuing year and a half.
I was introduced to the people in your districts-farmers
and local officials; businessmen and retirees; snowbirds, immi-
grants and Crackers. We saw endangered river systems from
the air, and tangled traffic snarls from hopelessly blocked
cars; visited prisons; ate in some of the finest mom-and-pop
restaurants (and in some of the worst); spent hours with com-
munity leaders, union officials, school administrators.
People all over Florida taught me about the critical problems
confronting them. They gave me the rare experience of seeing,
through the same set of eyes, Florida's many faces.
And I learned this: that the major issues challenging us
are not just local-they are significant questions to all Florida.

Economic development and diversification are just as im-
portant to a displaced aerospace worker in Brevard County as
they are to the small businessman in Calhoun County. Water
quality and water quantity concern every Floridian who takes a
drink, turns a tap or drops a fishing line.

The major issues touch us all; we only express them dif-
We haven't the time today for me to talk about all the
experiences I had, so I would like to select a few to share with
On a recent visit to Orange County, I met a phenomenal
woman. "Mama Cat" Catigan has 58 of the toughest kids in the
county. She loves them, and she disciplines them, and she's kept
most of them out of jail. Mama Cat runs a last-resort home for
kids in trouble-kids as young as 10, as old as 20, real tough
kids. Most people have given up on these kids. But not Mama
Cat. She started the home as a last chance for kids who would
go to prison or juvenile home otherwise. It's not easy, but
there's a lot of love to smooth over the rough times. And Mama
Cat's successful. The state contributes only enough money for
her to handle 27 problem children. Her community knows
Mama Cat can set a kid straight, and local people kick in extra
cash to support the other 31.
Because Mama Cat cares, 58 kids have a future.
Where are the hot areas in road transportation? I can tell
you. They're the Bay area, Hillsborough, Pinellas and Pasco;
the Manatee-Sarasota-Lee-Charlotte corridor; Central Florida;
and West Broward, just to name a few.
A "hot" transportation area is one where motorists' personal
radiators rise to mercurial temperatures-just as they did last
year in Broward County. Traffic jams there were so bad they
threatened future economic expansion. A bad problem was
fixing to grow worse, until a series of meetings among legisla-
tors, local officials and state officials produced a plan to clear
up the University Drive traffic situation.
Because officials from several levels of government co-
operated, the wheels are now in motion toward solving
Broward's worst traffic jams.
What about economic development? In the Panhandle, legisla-
tors, business people and union leaders all told me a broadened
economic base is crucial if they are to keep their own young
people, rather than losing them to jobs in Georgia, Alabama or
These West Floridians, as well as other people around the
state, realize that, while Florida must compete with other
states for industry, we also should seek out only those busi-
nesses that will benefit the future economy as well as the
present. They are looking to such success stories as the Siemens/
Allis Chalmers joint venture which is locating in Palmetto.
When communities are planning carefully, their economic
futures look healthier.
One key to our future is the water supply. Frank Mann and
I flew over the Lee-Charlotte area in the summer of 1977, and
I looked into a rather uncertain future.
Some years ago, a new development was planned outside Fort
Myers. Enough land was cleared to hold 300,000 people, streets,
shopping centers. Developers cleared about 100 square miles,
put in the roads, dug canals, but only about 25,000 people built
homes. The rest of the land stood empty, desolate.

Yet, with only about 8 percent of anticipated development
already there, haphazard well-digging had allowed salt water to
seep into the precious fresh water supply.

In view of that area's already endangered fresh water sys-
tem, we now wonder: will there be enough fresh water to
supply the needs of this city of the future? Will algal blooms


bring green and yellow spigot water? Will Florida be able to
supply the water needs of her citizens in 1990? In 2000?
Children at risk . transportation troubles . the need
for economic diversification . management of Florida's
precious natural resources. These are pressing problems around
the state. Every one of you has vivid examples in your own
Perhaps some of the answers can be developed locally, but
the Legislature cannot ignore the statewide needs.
There appears to be emerging a new sense of government.
People are asking and demanding new accountability in pro-
grams. This Legislature cannot be accountable unless we strive
today for a liveable tomorrow.
This will be my charge to our committees. Most of the
problems of today are evident. Solutions should be shaped, not
only to solve the present problems, but also to avert future
problems that can be anticipated.
I am confident that the chairmen and vice chairmen I appoint
today will guide their committees in shaping responsible leg-
islative solutions to the problems before them.

As their names are announced, I would like the chairman and
the vice chairman of each committee to rise. Members of the
House and spectators in the galleries will please hold applause
until the end of the announcements.

Chairing the Committee on Agriculture & General Legislation
will be Representative Gene Hodges. The Vice Chairman will be
Representative Bob Hattaway.

Florida's natural bounty-climate, land and water-is more
than esthetic. It enables our state to produce one of the coun-
try's largest and most varied food crops. The Agriculture Com-
mittee will concentrate on a variety of important issues af-
fecting agriculture directly, as well as the continued viability
of our state's economy.

This year, we return to a biennial budget. Chairing the
Appropriations Committee as it drafts the first two-year budget
in a dozen years will be one of the hardest working House
members, Representative Herb Morgan. The Vice Chairman will
be Representative Bill Conway, and the subcommittee chairmen
will be: Representative Dick Hodes, whose grasp of educational
funding is unparalleled in this Chamber; Representative Frank
Mann, to tackle the state's most financially tangled agency,
Health & Rehabilitative Services, plus the judiciary; and Repre-
sentative Grover Robinson, who will head the General Govern-
ment budget subcommittee.

While the budget-drafting process this year will be relatively
complex compared with our year-by-year attempts in the past,
it will free our budget committee to direct a comprehensive
oversight program into the activities of the executive agencies
and the courts during the second year of my administration.

We should always be concerned about the efficiency and
effectiveness with which the state's money is spent. The entire
Legislature should be concerned with the accuracy of our
economic forecasting.

Chairing the Committee on Commerce during the next two
years will be my very good friend, Representative Lee Moffitt,
whose Vice Chairman will be Representative John Malloy.

That committee will revisit questions involved in the area of
state regulation of financial institutions, including the inter-
national banking law passed during the 1977 Legislature.

Considering the recently announced one-point increase in the
discount rate, I will ask the Commerce Committee to review
Florida's interest rate ceiling laws to determine if they have
an adverse effect on the availability of credit.
To head the Committee on Community Affairs, I have selected
Representative Sid Martin, a former mayor and a former county
commissioner, a man who knows a great deal about local
government. The Vice Chairman will be Representative Harold
Florida's trend-setting home rule authority endows our 67
counties and 392 municipalities with independent powers of self
governance. There remains much the Legislature can do to
further a clean separation of powers while maintaining inter-
governmental cooperation, and encouraging sound fiscal manage-
ment. We want to make sure there is no future New York City
in Florida.
Annexation and double taxation are the two facets of a
problem this committee will address. Double taxation results
from strict laws governing annexation. Cities attract people to
their own urban fringes. Urban fringes, in turn, demand services
from their counties, which become more and more involved in
service delivery. This seesaw effect must be solved.
Crime is a major concern of our people. A most perplexing
problem is that of recidivism. The Committee on Corrections,
Probation & Parole will tackle the issue of prisoner rehabilita-
tion, with Representative Arnett Girardeau as Chairman. Repre-
sentative Gene Campbell will serve as Vice Chairman.
Reclassification of prisoners, to separate the rehabilitatible
from those who are not, may be one way of lowering the rate
of repeat offenders. Prison industries, teaching inmates usable
skills for the outside world, may be another. The committee
also should continue to keep its finger on the state's prison
population and any related need for extra facilities.
Closely related here is the area of criminal justice. The
Committee on Criminal Justice will be chaired by Representa-
tive Bob Crawford, and Representative Elvin Martinez will
serve as Vice Chairman.
One key factor in prison population will be the decisions
this Legislature makes about sentencing of convicted criminals.
Flat-time sentencing and plea bargaining should be studied in
the light of economics as well as justice. We must treat prison-
ers humanely, but we do not plan to treat them luxuriously.
The largest expense we incur as legislative budget makers
is that for the education of our children. This is appropriate,
for education is a sound investment in a prosperous future. But
thousands of our children are at risk in the educational process.
Those children must be identified early and saved, while stu-
dents in community college and university systems must be
given excellent educations for their dollars.

These challenges are too massive for one committee. There-
fore, I am this year splitting the House's educational jurisdic-
tion between two committees.

The first, Education-K-12, will be chaired by Representative
Walt Young, a career educator. The Vice Chairperson will be
Representative Helen Gordon Davis. Their major emphasis will
be the identification and remediation of children who are at
risk, for there is overwhelming evidence that the greatest
impact for the dollar expended would be in the early grades,
K-3 or K-4. The remediation rate drops to about 5 percent in the
sixth grade, and children who are never rescued often go on to
lead disruptive and frustrated lives. We cannot afford to waste
these children.


The Committee on Higher Education will be chaired by
Representative Beverly Burnsed, and the Vice Chairman will be
Representative Tom Patterson. One of the most important
facets in the successful economic expansion of our state is the
continual upgrading of our educational capabilities in the com-
munity colleges and the State University System. Several tough
issues face us there. Certainly, we must strive for excellence in
higher education. Shall we strive for centers of excellence? I
think the answer is, we must.
An election year is an appropriate time for the combination
of two former areas of committee jurisdiction into the new
Committee on Ethics & Elections. Chairing that committee will
be Representative Ed Healey. Representative Dave Barrett will
be Vice Chairman.
Office holding is not just for the rich, nor only for the
well financed. The issue of public financing inevitably arises.
We still face unresolved questions of public disclosure for
elected officials. Even though a very thorough and comprehen-
sive rewrite of the election code was performed recently, I feel
a careful review of the area should be made again in the light
of this year's expensive campaigns.
Some people call it Proposition 13 fever. A new awareness
of taxes, sometimes bordering on resentment, puts Florida's
financing in this year's spotlight. I have charged the Committee
on Finance & Taxation with studying Florida's existing tax
systems, the basic income flow for our state. Chairing this
committee will be Representative Steve Pajcic, and the Vice
Chairman will be Representative Jim Eckhart.
It is of greatest importance that the Finance & Tax Com-
mittee review the equity among classes of Florida taxpayers.
We must be absolutely sure that all alternatives relating to
managing our tax structure fairly and reasonably are re-

The Committee on Governmental Operations will be chaired
by Representative Joe Gersten. The Vice Chairman will be
Representative George Crady.

Florida has a new, progressive and aggressive Governor. I
am sure his administration will have a number of suggestions
for structural change within the state government, which the
Governmental Operations Committee should study. The commit-
tee also will continue to pursue better methods for handling
state purchasing, to see that we get the most in quality and
quantity for the least amount of money.

Florida's elderly-our fastest-growing population segment-
will be a major concern of the Committee on Health & Rehabili-
tative Services. Representative Dick Batchelor will chair that
committee, and the Vice Chairman will be Representative Joe
Lang Kershaw.

Between 8,000 and 15,000 senior citizens make this state
their new home each month, and, of course, our own population
is aging each year. We must consider the impact this increas-
ingly older population will have on social and medical service

Closely related is the subject of deinstitutionalization, com-
munity care for the elderly, the retarded, the mentally ill.
Institutional care for such persons is not the automatic answer
for their needs. This Legislature should seek alternatives in
the community.

With 120 members and a full-time staff of 350, the House of
Representatives requires a committee of its own to assure it
will be smoothly run. Therefore, we have a Committee on

House Administration, and Representative Elaine Gordon will
chair this important committee.
The committee will search for innovations in the management
of employees, beginning with the multitude of part-time session
workers, to increase their productivity while maintaining their
professionalism. One of the first research projects here is into
the possibility of flex-hours for part-time staff, a recognition
that the hours of 9 to 5 are not necessarily a magic formula
for high-caliber work.
The Committee on Insurance is being resurrected this year.
Representative Bill Sadowski will chair the new committee,
with Representative James Ward as Vice Chairman.
Florida, unfortunately, has much higher workers' compensa-
tion rates than do any of our competing neighbors. This is a tax
that any industry viewing Florida as a potential home must
consider. It is my hope this Legislature will enact workers'
compensation reform which will make the system more ob-
jective and, at the same time, reduce administrative costs
without reducing benefits to injured employees.
Another issue of concern here is that of automobile insur-
ance. Auto physical damage coverage represents approximately
50 cents out of every premium dollar. The Insurance Committee
will continue to look for methods to reduce the cost of auto
insurance to drivers.
The new Judiciary Committee will merge jurisdictions of
previous committees on the judiciary and claims. Chairing the
committee will be Representative James Harold Thompson, and
Representative Gwen Cherry will be Vice Chairperson.
This committee will study ways to reduce the case load in
our crowded courts. Diversion programs, citizen dispute settle-
ment centers and the use of special masters should be examined
as alternatives to litigation.
In addition, the Evidence Code finally goes into effect in
1979. The Judiciary Committee should decide what minor ad-
justments, if any, should be adopted before the July effective
Nearly three-quarters of Florida's population lives in her
most fragile environments, primarily in the coastal rim. Many of
the natural wonders that first attracted us to this state now are
endangered-among them, water, energy supplies and land. The
Committee on Natural Resources will seek ways to permit man
to live in harmony with nature. Chairing that committee will
be Representative John Lewis, with Representative Joe Allen
as Vice Chairman.

Water supplies, clean and adequate for personal and environ-
mental needs, will be the major focus of the committee. How-
ever, energy will be a consideration of all legislation-not just
that we consider the purview of Natural Resources-which has
environmental and economic impact. Florida policy shapers must
learn the language of an energy-based economy. The com-
mittee also will study means of streamlining environmental
permitting to ensure that mega corporations are not the only
businesses which can afford to build in Florida.

Chairing the Committee on Regulated Industries & Licensing
will be Representative John Ryals, whose knowledge in the
areas of business regulation and pari-mutuels has been acquired
through his many years of hard work in this Legislature. Repre-
sentative Linda Cox will serve as Vice Chairperson.

Florida's thoroughbred racing industry has just emerged from
a long economic slump which threatened the existence of this
important pari-mutuel in our state. As a spin-off effect, we see


the thoroughbred breeding industry rallying at last in Central
Florida. The connection, if any, between these events and the
so-called thoroughbred relief package must be explored thor-
oughly before the act's expiration next June. The Regulated
Industries & Licensing Committee already has begun this study,
to determine if new legislative assistance is necessary.
With passage in 1976 of the nation's second Sunset Law, we
shouldered responsibility for the regulatory creatures we have
created. The first Sunset review was handled in subcommittee
last year, but it is apparent that this process is more suited
for a full committee. Therefore, I am establishing the Commit-
tee on Regulatory Reform, with Representative George Sheldon
as Chairman and Representative Carl Ogden as Vice Chairman.
In addition to the scheduled Sunset reviews, the committee
should consider adoption of a general philosophy of government
regulation. It also will coordinate with the HRS Committee to
develop a legislative package on health care cost containment.
Furthermore, I am creating this year an independent Om-
budsman Office to represent the public before the committee.
Responsible regulatory reform cannot be achieved without an
understanding of the public needs.
The Committee on Retirement, Personnel & Collective Bar-
gaining has a major assignment to study the state system of
personnel management. Our more than 96,000 employees and
annual $1.13 billion payroll make management and efficient
utilization of state workers essential if we are to provide maxi-
mum service to the taxpayers.
Chairing this committee will be Representative Tommy Ha-
zouri, with Representative Roberta Fox as Vice Chairperson.
With their staff, they already have begun consideration of a
proposal for an executive management system providing pro-
ductivity incentives to reward efficient and aggressive per-
sonnel management.
The Chairman of the Committee on Rules & Calendar will be
my good friend, Representative Ralph Haben. Serving as Vice
Chairman will be Representative Tony Fontana.
The full House will adopt the Rules Committee report, with
amendments, by majority vote in April. In drafting that report,
the committee will take up all rules proposed by individual
members and the public.
I have already proposed one rule, and ask that you abide by
it even before it can be formally adopted in April; that is, a
cut-off date of the first day of session for any bills filed by
individual members. Committees cannot schedule their delibera-
tions effectively until all individual bills are before them, and
this rule should facilitate thorough committee study of im-
portant subjects.
Certainly, critical matters may arise after the first day of
session. In these rare instances, a bill can be introduced by
committees or with a vote of two-thirds of House membership.
And, of course, the rule will not apply to committee bills or to
local bills.
I offer you the assistance of the Speaker's Office and of any
committee staff in your preparation of bills before the April
deadline. And, to jog your memory, notices will be sent to each
member on January 1, February 1 and March 1, reminding you
of the cutoff date.
This all will be contingent upon a favorable vote of the
Rules Committee during its December meeting, but I am sure
you all will agree it is a wise move, allowing the House to
produce more carefully considered legislation. I ask you to
schedule your bill preparation accordingly.

To head the Committee on Tourism & Economic Development,
I have appointed Representative Barry Kutun as Chairman and
Representative Fran Carlton as Vice Chairman.
The broadening of Florida's economic base is of the highest
priority. We must recognize that Florida cannot be all things to
all businesses. We must expand upon our strengths, make
statutory changes when reasonable and promote Florida on a
very professional and personal basis. I expect innovation to be
the keynote of this committee's work.
The Committee on Transportation will become a budget com-
mittee as well as a committee of substance this year. Chairing
the committee will be Representative Fred Jones, and Repre-
sentative Steve Warner will serve as Vice Chairman.
For the first time, the appropriations process for a depart-
ment has been moved downstream to the pertinent substantive
committee. I believe this will prove to be a very effective
method for handling the Department of Transportation budget.
The committee also will have the responsibility of developing
a road construction plan to enable Florida to catch up with its
transportation needs, particularly in the urban areas.
Representative Bill Lockward, who has long been one of the
legislative champions for Florida's 1% million veterans, will
continue in his role as Chairman of the Committee on Veterans
Affairs. Serving as Vice Chairman will be Representative Jim
Much of the emphasis of this committee is the relationship
between Florida and the country these men and women have
served. The committee this year will emphasize ways in which
our state can attract more federal dollars to finance the needs
of our veterans.
The problems Florida faces are not simple. Neither are their
solutions. But we confront them at a time of significant political
change. This year, we have a new Senate President, a newly
elected Cabinet, and a new Governor and Lieutenant Governor-
both of them recent members of the Legislature. I look forward
to working with Senate President Phil Lewis, the Cabinet, and
Lieutenant Governor Wayne Mixson and Governor Bob Graham.
We also are extremely fortunate this year that the leadership
teams of both the majority and the minority party are people
of high integrity. Speaker Pro Tem Dick Hodes, Majority Leader
Sam Bell, who is one of my closest personal friends, and Ma-
jority Whip Tom Gustafson, as well as Minority Leader Curt
Kiser and his leadership team, offer you assistance in develop-
ing answers to the questions we face.
We are learning, through the fine series of orientation semi-
nars which Sam Bell put together, the complex nature of
Florida's overriding concerns. Even more, I hope you are realiz-
ing the close relationship these problems have with one an-
other. We cannot divorce the issues of energy, or taxes, or
education, from the other critical concerns of this Legislature.
Each member will be appointed to a number of committees-
we hope to have these appointments final by the end of the
week. While you develop expertise in those particular areas,
also keep your eyes, and your minds, open for the synthesis of
ideas. One Broward County road reclassification prevents eco-
nomic hardships; one child rescued by Mama Cat Catigan could
save the state a string of social service costs over the years.
Knowledge and insights you gather here this week, or that you
learn in one committee or another might start a chain reaction
that solves a series of problems.

While we seek the path to a prosperous tomorrow, let us
also seek the most efficient path to the future. We should work


to run Florida government as smoothly as a successful corpora-
tion of its size and revenues.
We should satisfy our consumers, the people of Florida, by
meeting their needs without unnecessary cost increases. At the
same time, we must consider our employees, who cannot be
expected to face ever lower real incomes or other disincentives
to work. We must learn the art of management, of allocating
the resources of government efficiently and effectively.
The most successful businesses are those that are the most
human, which provide incentives for employees to achieve. If
we can get more interest and more enthusiasm from more
people, we'll get more things done.
Let us identify what must get done. Let us approach the
problems with human concerns and compassion, but in a busi-
nesslike manner. Let us give Florida a prosperous tomorrow.

Designation of Dean of the House
The Speaker announced the designation of the Dean of the
House with the following remarks:
Ladies and gentlemen of the House, today we find ourselves
in a very happy circumstance. We have four Members of this
House who entered the House as freshmen in the class of
November, 1966. They are William R. Conway, Robert C. Hector,
Richard S. Hodes, and John L. Ryals. It seemed to me a bit
awkward to split the emblem of office-a rose-among four.
So I have exercised one of the unwritten prerogatives of
Speaker to designate as Dean of the House the Member with
the longest life, my very dear friend and Volusia Delegation
colleague, Bill Conway.
On motion by Mr. Haben, the rules were waived and all
organizational remarks were spread upon the Journal.
Designation of Democratic Leadership
The Speaker announced appointments to the following leader-
ship positions:

Majority Leader-Representative Sam Bell
Majority Whip-Representative Tom Gustafson

Designations by Republican Caucus
Mr. Kiser, as Minority Leader, announced the Republican
Members, in Caucus November 20, had confirmed the designa-
tion of the following for terms beginning with the Organization
Session in November, 1978:
Minority Leader-Representative S. Curtis Kiser
Minority Leader pro tempore-Representative Frederic H.
Minority Whip-Representative Thomas F. Lewis
Minority Caucus Chairperson-Representative Marilyn Bailey

Appropriations Committee Membership
Representative Morgan, Chairman of the Committee on Appro-
priations, announced the following committee membership as
designated by the Speaker in consultation with the chairman:

Subcommittee I (HRS-Judicial)-Representative Mann, Chair-
man; Representatives Gordon, Sheldon, Thompson, Carlton,
Batchelor, T. F. Lewis, Ward, and Mica.

Subcommittee II (General Government)-Representative Rob-
inson, Chairman; Representatives Gustafson, Kutun, Hazouri,
Hodges, Malloy, Hattaway, J. W. Lewis, and Gallagher.

Subcommittee III (Education)-Representative Hodes, Chair-
man; Representatives Conway, Moffitt, Young, Bell, Pajcic,
Sadowski, Martin, C. F. Jones, Margolis, Burnsed, and Easley.

Having completed its organization, the House of Representa-
tives, on motion by Mr. Haben, adjourned at 12:39 p.m.,
sine die.


THIS IS TO CERTIFY that the foregoing pages numbered 1
through 15, inclusive, are and constitute a complete, true and
correct journal and record of the proceedings of the House of
Representatives of the State of Florida at the Organization
Session of the Sixth Legislature under the Constitution as
Revised in 1968, held on November 21, 1978.

Allen Morris
Tallahassee, Florida
November 21, 1978

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