April 1903
 May 1903
 June 1903

Group Title: Journal of the Florida House of Representatives.
Title: Journal of the House of Representatives of the session of ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027772/00041
 Material Information
Title: Journal of the House of Representatives of the session of ..
Alternate Title: Journal of the House of Representatives, State of Florida
Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Florida of the session of ..
Physical Description: v. : ; 23-32 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Legislature. -- House of Representatives
Publisher: Florida. Legislature. House of Representatives.
State Printer
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Fla
Publication Date: April-June 1903
Subject: Legislative journals -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
Additional Physical Form: Electronic reproduction of copy from George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida also available.
General Note: Title varies slightly.
General Note: Description based on: 1907.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027772
Volume ID: VID00041
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 12895215
alephbibnum - 003417935
oclc - 12901236
lccn - sn 85065608
 Related Items
Preceded by: Journal of proceedings of the House of Representatives of the Legislature of the State of Florida
Succeeded by: Journal of the Florida House of Representatives


This item has the following downloads:

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Table of Contents
    April 1903
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Full Text

...OF THE...

House of Representatives

Of the Ninth Regular Session of the Logislature began
and held at the Capitol, in the City of Tallahassee, m
the State of Florida, on Tuesday, the 7th day of
April, A. D., 1903, being the day fixed by the Consti-
tution of the State of Florida, for the meeting of the


The House was called to order by Dr. Wm. Forsythe
Bynum, of Live Oak, Suwannee County, Fla., the for-
mer Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives, at
12 o'clock M.
The certified list of the Secretary. of State of mem-
bers elected to the present Legislature, was called and
the following members answered to their names:
TIVES, 1903.

W. E. Baker of Clay County
J. E. Blanton of Madison County.
L. W. Blanton of Taylor County.
R. B. Bullock of Marion County.
Daniel Campbell of Walton County.
W. J. Carlton of Nassau County.
H. C. Clopton of Eiscambia county.
G. W. Crawford of Orange Counhy.
W. R. Dorman of Suwannee County.
H. J. Drane of Polk County.
J. W. Edwards of Jefferson Countty.


W. J. Feagle of Columbia County.
W. D. Finlayson of Lafayette County.
H. H. Floyd of 'St. Johns County.
Cromwell Gibbons of Dural County.
A. W. Gilchri-st of De Soto County.
W. M. Girardeau of Jefferson County.
D. M. Gornto of Bradford County.
J. H. Harvell of Santa Rosa County.
F. A. Hendry of Lee County.
John C. Hodge of Wakulla County.
E. M. Hopkins of Leon County.
T. A. Horne of Jackson County.
W. K. Jackson of Citrus County.
Wm. H. Jewell of Orange County.
J. B. Johnson of Pa sco County.
Thos. D. Johnson of Liberty County.
Wade I-. Jones of Brevard County.
W. W. King of Hamilton County.
Graham W. King of Dade County.
C. L. Knowles of Monroe County.
J. C. B. Koonce of Sumter County.
S. M. Loftin of Eiscambia County.
A. V. Long of Bradford County.
H. A. Love of Gadsden County.
Robert McNamee of Hillsborough County.
Harry.Mason of Duval County.
E. H. Mote of Lake County.
J. D. Ogilvie of Nassau Counity.
W. J. Oven of Franklin County.
C. P. Parrish of Manatee County.
J. C. Reddick of Jackson County.
J. M. Rivers of Alachua County.
J. L. Roberts of Columbia County.
T. E. Robeirts of Monroe County.
J. L. Robinson of Leon County.
W. W. Scott of Holmes County.
W. R. Simmons of Baker County. c
Charles L. Smith of Volusia County.
J. L. Smith of Hamilton County.
T. J. Sparkman of VVlusia County.
G. T. Sprague of Putnam County.
Alfred St. Clair-Abrams of Lake County.


G. J. S'trozier of Marion County.
W. A. Tilson of Suwannee County.
Park M. Trammell of Polk County.
Worth W. Traulmiell of Gadsden County.
John P. Wall of Putnam County.
L. M. Ware of Washington County.
J. W. Watson of Osceola County.
DeWitt Webb of Sit. Johns County.
G. B. Wells of Hillsborough County.
Tom F. West of Santa Rosa County.
T. H. Willard of Alachua County.
J. N. Willis of Levy County.
C. S. Wilson of Hernando County.
J. R. Wilson of Madison County.
F. M. Yon of Calhoun County.
I, H. Clay Crawford, Secretary of State of the State
of Florida, do hereby certify that the foregoing is a
correct list of the members of the House of of Repre-
sentatives of the State of Florida, elected on the 4th
day of November, 1902, as shown by the election re-
turns < n file in this office.
Great Seal of the State of Florida,
SEAL. at Tallahassee, the Capital, this the
S 7th day of April, A. D., 1903.
Secretary of State.
The following members came forward and took the
oath of office prescribed by the Constitution of the
State of Florida before His Honor, Francis B. Carter,
Presiding Judge of Division B, of Supreme Court of
the State of Florida.


Messrs. Baker-Clay County.
Blanton-Madison County.
Blanton-Taylor County.
Bullock-Marion County.
Campbell-Wal'ton County.


Carleton-Naissau County.
Clopton-Escambia County.
Crawford-Orange County.
Dorman-Suwannee County.
Drane-Polk County.
Edwards-Jefferson County.
Feagle-Columbia County.
Finlayson-Lafayette County.
Floyd-St. Johns County.
Gibbons-Duval County.
Gilchriist-DeSoto County.
Girardeau-Jefferson County.
Gornto-Bradford County.
Harvell-Santa Rosa County.
Iendry-Lee County.
HIodge-Wakulla County.
Hopkins-Leon County.
Home-Jackson County.
Jackson-Citrus County.
Jewell-Orange County.
Johnson-Liberty County.
Johnson-Pa'sco County.
Jones-Breva rd County.
King-Hamilton County.
King-Dade County.
Knowleis-Monroe County.
Koorice-Sumter Coun'ty.
Loftin-Escambia County.
Long-Bradford County.
Love--Gadsden County.
McNamee-Hillsborough County.
Mason-Duval County.
Mote-Lake County.
Ogilive-Nassaau County.
Parrish-Manatee County.
Ovin-Franklin County.
Reddick-Jackson County.
Rivers-Alachua County.
Roberts-Columbia County.
Robetrs-Monroe County.
Roberson-Leon County.
Scott-Holmes County.


Iimmons-Baker County.
Smith-Hamilton County.
Smith-Volusia County.
Sparkman-Volusia County.
Sprague-Putnam County.
St. Clair-Abrams-Lake County.
S:trozier-Marion County.
Tison-Suwannee County.
Trammell-Gadsden County.
Traammell-Polk County.
Wall-Putnam County.
Ware-Washington County.
Watson-Osceola County.
Webb-St. Johns County.
Wells-Hillsborough County.
Weist-Santa Rosa County.
Willard-Alachua County.
Willis-Levy County.
Wilson-Madison County.
Wilson-Hernando County.
Yon-Calhoun County.
Dr. Wm. Forsythe Bynum, chief clerk, announced a
quorum present.
Hon. A. W Gilchrist of DeSoto County, moved that
the House proceed with a perm.inent orTanization
Which was agreed to by the House.
Mr. Gilchrist), of DeSoto, nominated Hon. Cromwell
Gibbons, of Duval as Speaker,
Upon roll call the vote was:
Messrs. Baker-Clay County.
Blanton-Madison County.
Blanton-Taylor County.
Bullock-Marion County.
Campbell-W alton County.
Carleton--Nassau County.
Clopton-Escambia County.
,Crawford-Orange County.
Dorman-Suwannee County.
Drane-Polk County.

Edwards-Jefferson County.
Feagle-Columbia County.
Finlayson-Lafayette County.
Floyd-St. Johns County.
Gilchrist-DeSoto County.
Girardeau-Jefferson County.
Gornto-Bradford County.-
Harvell-Santa Rosa County.
Hendry-Lee County.
Hodge-Wakulla County.
Hopkins-Leon County.
Horne-Jackson County.
Jackson-Citrus County.
Jewell-Orange County.
Johnson-Liberty County.
Johnson-Pasco County.
Jones-Brevard County.
King-Hamilton. County.
Knowles-Monroe County.
King-Dade County.
Koonce-Sumter County.
Loftin-Escambia County.
Long-Bradford County.
Love-Gadsden County.
M cNa mree--Hillsborough County.
Maison-Duval County.
Mote-Lake County.
Ogilive-Nassaau County.
Oven-Franklin County.
Parrish-Manatee County.
Reddick-Jackson County.
Rivers-Alachua County.
Roberts-Columbia County.
Roberts-Monroe County.
L, (berson--Leon Countx.
Scott-Holmes County.
Simmons-Baker County.
Smith-Hamilton County.
Smith-Volusia County.
Sparkman-Volusia County.
Sprague-Putnam County.


St. Clair-Abrams-Lake County.
Strozier-Marion County.
Tison-Suwannee County.
Trammell-Gadsden County.
Traammell-Polk County.
Wall-Putnam County.
Ware-Washington County.
Watson-Osceola Cojunty.
Webb-St. Johns County.
Wells-Hillsborough County.
West-Santa Rosa County.
Willard-Alachua County.
Willis-Levy County.
Wilson-Madison County.
Wilson-Hernando County.
Yon-Calhoun County.
67.' ''
Dr. Wm. Forsyth B3ynum, Chief Clerk, announced
the Hon. Cromwell Gibbons elected as Speaker.
The Chief Clerk appointed Messrs. Garnto, of Brad-
ford, Watson, of Osceola and Hopkins, of Leon, tolese,,rt
the Speaker to the chair. _L.]
The Speaker being conducted to the chair in a few
appropriate remarks extended his thanks to the Iouse
for the honor conferred upon him, and stated that he
did not wish to consume their time with a lengthy
speech. I ?
Mr. Gilchrist, of DeSoto. nominated Dr. Wm. For-
syth Bynum, of Live Oak, Fla., for Chief Clerk.
Upon roll call the vote was:
Mr. Speakeer-Gibbons of Duval.
Messrs. Baker-Clay County.
Blanton-Madison County.
Blanton-Taylor County.
Bullock-Marion County.
Campbell-Walton County.
Clopton-Escambia County.
Dorman-Suwannee County.
Drane-Polk County.
Edwards-Jefferson County.
Feagle-Columbia County.
Finlayson-Lafayette County.


Floyd-St. Johns County.
Gibbons-Duval County.
Gilchrist-DeSoto County.
Girardeau-Jefferson County.
Gornfto-Bradford County.
Harvell-Santa Rosa County.
Hendry-Lee County.
Hodge-Wakulla County.
Hopkins-Leon County.
Home-Jackson County.
Jackson-Citrus County.
Jewell-Orange County.
Johnson-Liberty County.
Johnson-Pasco County.
Jones--Brevard County.
King-Hamilton County.
King-Dade County.
Knowles-Monroe County.
Koonce-Sumter Coun'ty.
Loftin-Escambia County.
Long-Bradford County.
Love-Gadsden County.
McNamee-Hillsborough County.
Mason-Duval County.
Mote-Lake County.
Oven-Franklin County.
Reddick-Jackson County.
Reddick-Jackson County.
Rivers-Alachua County.
Roberts-Monroe County.
Roberts-Monroe County.
Roberson-Leon County.
Scott-Holmes County.
Smith-Hamilton County.
Smith-Hamilton County.
Smith-Volusia County.
Sparkman-Volusia County.
Sprague-Putnam County.
St. Clair-Abrams-Lake County.
Strozier-Marion County.
Tison-Suwannee County.
Trammell-Gadsden County.
Traammell-Polk County.


Wall-Putnam County.
Ware-Washington County.
Watson-Osceola County.
Webb-St. Johns County.
Wells-Hillsborough County.
West-Santa Rosa County.
Willard-Alachua County.
Willis-Levy County.
Wilson-Madison County.
Wilson-Hernando County.
Yon-Calhoun County.
The Speaker declared Dr. Win Fors tnh Bynum r e
elected Chief Clerk.
Mr. Gilchrist, of Deoto, made the following nomi-
For Assistant Chief Clerk-J. G.- Kellum, of Alachua.
Bill Clerk-Geo. B. Dickenson, of Orange,
Reading Clerk-Mat W. Marion, of Hamilton.
Ass't. Reading Clerk WY. E. Leitner, of DeSoto.
"Engrossing Clerk--A. S. York, of Bradford.
"Enrolling Clerk, R. E. Dickinson, of Madison.
"Recording Clerk-J. D. Trommell, of Polk.
"Sergeant-at-Arms -- E. H. Rice, of Brevard.
"Messenger-H. M. Wharton, of Madison.
"Chaplain-Rev. Frank W. Cramer. of Leon.
"Door Keeper-J. C. Sumner, of Hilisboro.
"Janitor-Frank Walker, of Osceola.
"Pages-Harry G. Fannin, of Calhoun; Lyman
Hilvenston, of Sumter: Geo. B. Ames, of Leon; Willie J.
Johnson, of Hillsboro.
All of whom, on motion of Mr. Watson, of Osceola,
were elected by acclamation and were sworn.in by the
Hon. J. M. Rivers, of Alachua, as Notary Public.
On motion of Mr. McNamee a committee consisting of
Messrs. McNamee, of Hillsboro, Watson of Osceola and
Johnson of Pasco were appointed to wait upon the Sen-
ate and inform the Senate that the House was organized
and ready to proceed to business.
After a brief absence the committee returned and re-
ported that they had performed the duty assigned to
them and were discharged.
On motion of Mr. Wall, of Putnam, a committee con-
sisting of Messrs. Wall, of Putnam, St. Clair. Abrams,


of Lake, and Gornto, of Bradford, were appointed to
wait upon His Excellency the Governor and inform him
that the House was organized and ready to receive any
message or communication that he may be pleased to
After a brief absence the committee returned and re-
ported that they had performed the duty assigned them
and were discharged.
On motion Mr. Webb, of St. Johns, was excused in-
Mr. Hopkins, of Leon, offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That a special committee of five of which
the speaker shall be chairman, be appointed to revise
the rules of the House and to report at its earliest con-
Which was read.
Mr. Rivers, of Alachua, offered as a substitute:
Resolved, That the Rules of the House of Representa-
tives for the session of 1901 be adopted for the use of the
House until the Committee on Rules reported otherwise.
Which substitute was adopted.
Mr. Strozer, of Marion, offered the following resolu-
R:solvedl. fhit the serggea t-st-arms pro-ure-two roller
desks with good loks to be placed in the Hall of Repre-
sentatives, one for the use of the bill clerk and one for
his own use.
Which was read and adopted.
Mr. Koonce, of Sumter, offered the following resolu-
Resolved, That this body by a rising vote extend to the
ladies of Tallahassee, their sincere thanks for the kind
rememberance and evidence of welcome tendered them
by the floral offerings displayed upon the desk of the,
Speaker and the members.
Which was read and adopted by a rising vote.
On motion of Mr Loftin, of Escambia, Mr. R. B. Bul-
lock, o1 Marion, was elected Speaker Pro-Tem.
A message was received from His Excelency, the
On motion of Mr. Trammell, of Polk, the House ad-
journed until 10 o'clock, A. M., tomorrow.


The House was called to order by the Speaker at 10
o'clock, a. m.
The roll being called the following members answer-
ed to their names:
Mr. Speaker.
Baker-Clay County.
Blanton-Madison County.
Blanton-Taylor County.
Bullock-Marion County.
Campbell-Walton County.
Carleton-Nassau County.
Clopton-Escambia County.
Crawford-Orange County.
Dorman-Suwannee County.
Drane-Polk County.
Eawards-Jefferson County.
Feagle-Columbia County.
Finlayson-Lafayette County.
Floyd-St. Johns County.
Gilchrist-De Soto County.
Girardeau-Jefferson County.
Gornto-Bradford County.
Harvell--Santa Rosa County.
Hendry-Lee County.
Hodge-Wakulla County.
Hopkins-Leon County.
Home-Jackson County.
Jackson-Citrus County.
Jewell-Orange County.
J bhnson-Liberty County.
Johnson-Pasco County.
Jones-Brevard County.
King-Hamilton County.
King-Dade County.
Knowless-Monroe County.
Koonce-Sumter County.
Loftin-Escamba County.
Long-Bradford County.
Love-Gadsden County.
McNamee-Hillsborough County.
Mason-Duval County.


Mote-Lake County.
Ogilvie-Nassau County.
Oven-Franklin County.
Parrish-Manatee County.
Reddick-Jackson County.
Rivers-Alachua County.
Roberts-Columbia County.
Roberts-Monroe County.
Roberson-Leon County.
Scott-Holmes County.
Simmons-Baker County.
Smith-Hamilton County.
Smith-Volusia County.
Sparkman-Volusia County.
Sprague-Putnam Cpunty.
.WSt. Clair-Abrams-Lake County.
Strozier-Marion County.
Tison--Suwannee County.
Trammell--Cndsden County.
Tram:mell-Polk County.
Wall-Putnam County.
Ware-Washington County.
Watson-Osceola County.
Webb-St. Johns County.
SWells- H illsborough County.
West-Santa Rosa County.
Willard-Alachua County.
Willis-Levy County.
Wilson--Madison County.
Wilson-Hernando County.
Yon-Calhoun County.
A quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
Mr. Wall, of Putnam, moved that the reading of the
-Journal be dispensed with.
Which was agreed to-
Mr. Trammnell, of Polk, moved that the House recon-
sider the vote of yesterday ordering the. Chief Clerk to
have two hundred copies of the rules of the last House
printed for the use of the members until the report of
the regular committee on rules.
Which was agreed to.


By Mr. West, of Santa, Rosa:
House Resolution No. 3:
Be it Resolved by the House of Representatives, That,
- appointed by the Speaker, a standing commlt-
S. insurance, and on Forestry, of not less than five,
more than nine members each, in addition to
lar standing committees of the House.- .
Mr. West, of Santa Rosa, moved the adoption of the
Which was agreed to.
By Mr. Gilchrist, of DeSoto:
House Resolution No. 4:
Be it Resolved by the Hor se of Representatives, That
dl be a standing committee on General Legisla-
to consist of not less than five nor more than nine

Mr. Gilchrist, of DeSoto, moved the adoption of the
Mr. Wall of Putnam, moved that the resolution be.
on the table. t
The roll being called the vote was:

Mr. Speaker.

Baker-Clay County.
Blanton-Taylor County.
Bullock-Marion County.
Campbell-Walton County.
Colpton-Escambia County.
Dorman-Suwannee County.
Floyd-St. Johns County.
Harvell--Santa Rosa County.
Hopkins-Leon County.
Horne-Jackson County.
Jewell-Orange County.
Johnson-Pasco County.
Jones-Brevard County.
King-Hamilton County.
King-Dade County.
Knowles-Monroe County.
Koonce-Sumter County.
Loftin-Escamba County.


Long-Bradford County.
Mote-Lake County.
,Oven-Franklin County.
Parrish-Manatee County.
Reddick-Jackson County.
Rivers-Alachua County.
Roberts-Monroe County.
Scott-Holmes County.
Smith-Hamilton County.
Smith-Volusia County.
Sparkinan-Volusia County.
Sprague-Putnam County.
Sit. Clair-Abrams--Lake County.
Tison-Suwannee County.
Wall-Putnam County.
Ware-W ashington County.
Watson-Osceola County.
W1est-Santa Rosa ComnI ty
Willard-Alachua County.
Wi.llis-Levy County.
Wilson-Madison County.
Wilson-Hernando County.
Yon-Calhoun County.
Blanton-Madison County.
Carleton-Nassau County.
Crawford-Orange County.
Drane-Polk County.
Eawards-Jefferson County.
Feagle-Columbia County.
Finlayson-Lafayette County.
Gilchrist-De Soto County.
Gornto-Bradford County.
Hendry-Lee County.
Hodge-Wakulla County.
Jackson-Citrus County.
Love--Gadsden County.
McNamee-Hillsborough County.
Mason-Duval County.
Ogilvie-Nassau County.
Roberts-Columbia County.
Simmons-Baker County.


Strozier-Marion County.
Trammell-Gadsden County.
Trammell-Polk County.
Wells-Hillsborough County.
The resolution was laid on the table.
By Mr. Gornto, of Bradford.
House Resolution No. 5.
SResolved, That the Sargeant-at-Arms be requested to
place on the desk of each of the members of the House,
one copy of the Revised Statutes, and a copy each of the
Acts of 1893, '95, '97, '99, 1901.
Mr. Gornto, of Bradford, moved the adoption of the
Which was agreed to.
By Mr. Long, of Bradford.
lHouse Resolution No. 6.
Resolved, That the chief clerk and the assistant chief
clerk have printed two hundred copies of a calander of
bills and resolutions for the use of its members from
day to day, and that each be paid the sum of seventy-
five dollars for the extra service rendered.
The resolution went over under the rules.
By Mr Loftin, of Escambia.
Fouse Resolution No 7.
Be it Resolved by the House, That the Judiciary Corn
mittee be increased from nine to fifteen members.
Mr. Lofton, of Escambia, moved the adoption of the
Mr. Wall, of Putnam, offered the following amend-
n ent:
Resolved, That the Judiciary Committee shall have
the right to divide into committee No. 1 and No. 2.
Mr. Wall, of Putnam, moved the adoption of the
Mr. Bullock, of Marion, moved to lay the amendment
on the table.
Which was agreed to.
The previous question being order, the vote was:
Mr. Speaker.
Blanton-Madison County.
Blanton-Taylor County.
Bullock-Marion County.

Campbell-Walton County.
Clopton-Escambia County.
Crawford-Orange County.
Dorman-Suwannee County.
Drane-Polk County.
Eawards-Jefferson County.
Feagle-Columbia County.
Finlayson-Lafayette County.
Floyd-St. Johns County.
Gilchrist-De Soto County.
Gornto-Bradford County.
Harvell-'Santa Rosa County.
Hendry-Lee County.
Hodge-Wakulla County.
Hopkins-Leon County.
Horne-Jackson County.
J ewell-Orange County.
-J ohnson-Pasco County.
Jones-Brevard County.
King-Hamilton County.
King-Dade County.
Knowles-Monroe County.
Koonce-Sumter County.
Loftin-Escamba County.
Long-Bradford County.
Love-Gadsden County.
McNamee-Hillsborough County.
Mote-Lake County.
Oven-Franklin County.
Parrish-Manatee County.
Reddick-Jackson County.
Roberts-Monroe County.
Scott-Holmes' County.
Simmons-Baker County.
Sprague-Putnam County.
St. Clair-Abrams-Lake County.
Strozier-Marion County.
Tison-Suwannee County.
Trammell-Gadsden County.
Trammell-Polk County.
Wall-Putnam County.
Wells-Hillsborough County.
West-Santa Rosa County.


Willard-Alachua County.
Willis-Levy County.
Wilson-Madison County.
Yon-Calhoun County.
Wilson-Hernando County.
Baker-Clay County.
Carleton-Nassau County.
Jackson-Citrus County.
Mason-Duval County.
Ogilvie-Nassau County.
Rivers-Alachua County.
ERolerts-Columbia County.
Smith-Hiamilton County.
Smith-Volusia County.
Sparkman-Volusia County.
WTare-Washington County.
Watson-Osceola County.
The Resolution was adopted by a two thirds vote.
Mr. Wall, of Putnam, gave notice that on to-morrow he
would move to reconsider the vote by which House
Resolution No. 7 was adopted.
By Mr. Parrish of Manatee.
House Resolution No. 8.
Resolved by the House of Representatives that the
Judiciary Committee be allowed to divide itself into two
or three parts as it may deem proper.
Mr. Bullock of Marion moved to lay the resolution on
the table, which was agreed to.
On motion of Mr. Hopkins of Leon, Mr. Robertson of
Leon was excused on account of sickness.
By Mr. Watson of Osceola.
House Concurrent Resolution No. 1.
Be it resolved by the House of Representatives, the
Senate concurrirg, that a committee of three, two on the
part of the House and one on the part of the Senate, be
appointed to visit, investigate and report on the condi-
tion, management and needs of the State Hospital for
the Insane, located at Chattahoochee, Florida.
The Resolution went over under the rules.
By West of Santa Rosa..
2H : i


House Concurrent Resolution No. 2:
Be it resolved by the House of Representatives, the
Senate concurring, that there be appointed a special
joint committee on Judicial Circuits of three members
irom the Senate and four members from the House, to
which shall be referred all matters pertaining to the
redistricting of the State into Judicial Circuits.
The Resolution went over under the rules.
By Mr. Johnston of Pacco.
House Concurrent Resolution No. 3.
Resolved, That a joint committee of five from the
House and three from the Senate be appointed to visit
and inspect the Florida Hospital for the Insane at
Chattahoochee, Florida, and report at their earliest
convenience on the management and necessities of the
Resolution went over under the rules.
By Mr. Floyed of St. Johns.
House Concurrent Resolution.No. 4.
Relative to a committee to investigate the affairs of
the Florida CoastLineand Transportation Company.
The Resolution went over under the rules.
By I ison of Suwaunee.
House Concurrent Resolution No. 5.
Resolved, I hat a committee consisting of three mem-
bers of the House and two from the Senate be appointed
to visit the Agricultural College at Lake City.
Went over under the rules.
By Hivers of Alachua.
House Concurrent Kesolutioh No. 6.
Whereas, The Legislature of the State of Florida
passed a resolution amending the constitution so as to
provide for eight judicial circuits instead of seven, and,
Whereas, the said resolution was ratified at the general
election in 1902.
Be it Resolved, That there be a joint committee ap-
pointed by the Speaker of the House and President of
the Senate to consist of seven members, four on the
part of the House and three on the part of the Senate,
to which committee shall be referred all matters in re-
gard to re-districting the State into Judicial Circuits.
,Went over under the rules.
By Wells of Hillsboro:
House Concurrent Resolution No. 7.
Be it Resolved, By the House, the Senate concurring,


that a committee be appointed consisting of one mem-
ber on the part of the enatee and two*on the part of the
House-to visit the Normal and Industrial Schools at St.
Petersburg, and the South Florida Military School.
V ent over under rules.
By Mr. Campbell of Walton.
House Concurrent Resolution No. 8.
Resolved, 'I hat three members of the House and two
from the Senate be appointed to visit the State Normal
School at De uniak Springs, Florida.
Resolution went over under the rules.
Mr. Watson, of Osceola, moved that the regular order
of business be dispensed with and take up the considera-
tion of communications from the Governor and other
papers addressed to the House of Representatives or
Speaker thereof.
Which was agreed to by a two-thirds vote*
The Governor's Message was then taken up.
Mr. Wall, of Putnam, moved that the reading of the
Governor's Message be dispensed with and that it be
spread upon the Journal.
Which was agreed to.


Tallahasee, April 7, 1903.
Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Representatives:
It affords me peculiar pleasure to welcome you to our State
Capitol, and to assure you of my hearty co-operation in the
work before us. So numerous and varied are the interests
of our great State that each year brings new demands for
legislation. The present year forms no exception. While the
State is in an unusually prosperous condition, and no very
great public questions present themselves for legislative solu-
tion, there are numerous matters in whose proper settlement
the people are interested, and whose wise disposition will pro-
mote the welfare and prosperity of our citizens. We, as
their public servants, should be as vigilant and watchful of
their interests and conduct the business of government with


the same fidelity arid zeal which we would exhibit toward
our private affairs.
In obedience to the mandate of the Constitution which di-
rects that "the Governor shall communicate by message to the
Legislature, at each regular session, information concerning
the condition of the State, and recommend such measures as
he may deem expedient," I have the honor of submitting the
following statements and recommendations:


No State in the Union has a better financial standing than
Florida. The bonded, debt of the State is controlled by the
State in its educational funds. There is no floating debt.
The warrants issued by the Comptroller for the current ex-
penses of the State are accepted at par everywhere, and they
are promptly paid by the treasurer upon presentation. All of
the State funds have sufficient money to meet all proper de-
mands upon them. The general revenue fund, from which

all appropriations are paid, had to its credit on January 1,
1903, $228,042.26, as against (on January 1, 1902), $190,-
482.12. The general revenue receipts for 1901 were $544,-
040.84, and for the year 1902, $618,592.07.
The millage for each year was the same, 2 1-2 mills.
The increase is due partly to an increase in assessed values of
property, and to prompt collections, but the greatest increase is
from sources other than taxation, e. g., from licenses, interest
on deposits of State money, sale of fertilizer stamps, tax on
insurance companies, and from other items of indirect taxa-


The bonded debt of Florida on January 1,
1901, issued under the acts of the Legislature
of 1871 and 1873, consisted of.......... .$1,032,500.00
Issued under the act of 1856, held by the Indian

k_1 210

Trust Fund of the Federal government (7
per cent bonds) .................... 132,000.00

Making a total outstanding bonds ........ $1,164,500.00
Under the act of Congress, approved May 27,
1902, authorizing settlement of Florida's In-
dian War claims against the Federal govern-
ment (settlement, was made as of the 30th
day of Juhe, 1902) the Florida bonds issued
on the first day of January, 1857, held by
the Indian Trust Fund of the Federal gov-
ment (principal paid) .................. $ 132,000.00
Interest on bonded debt paid .............. 264,212.66
Total bonded debt and interest paid since
January 1p 1901 ......................$ 396,212.66


On January 1, 1903, the bonded debt of the
State was (3 per cent. bonds of 1901, in Edu-
cational Fund) ........................ $ 267,700.00
6 per cent bonds in Educational Fund, year
1873 ................................. 616,800.00
6 per cent. bonds of 1873, held by individ-
uals .............. ................... 148,000.00

Making a total of outstanding bonds ..... $1,032,500.00
Under the provisions of Chapter 1937, Acts
of 1873, 6 per cent bonds were issued to the
amount of ...........................$ 925,000.00
"These bonds all matured January 1, 1903.
There have been paid, :and are now in the
Sinking Fund .............. .......... 160,200.00
And they will be destroyed under Chapter
4947, Acts of 1901.
,Of the remaining $764,800.00 bonds, the Edu-
cational Fund of the State holds, as invest-
ments ............ .......... $ 616,800.00
"These bonds, or so many of them as are not
paid by legislative appropriation, will, un-
less otherwise directed, be converted into
consolidated manuscript 3 per cent. bonds,


under the provisions of Chapter 4947,
Acts of 1901.
The $148,000.00 of these bonds, held by indi-
viduals, at their maturity on January 1,
1903, have been taken up since then by the
Indian War claim fund, by direction of the
Board of Commissioners of State Institutions,
and the same are now carried by the treas-.
urer as cash, as a part of the amount to the
credit of -the Indian War claim fund. This
course was necessary to protect the credit of
the State in the absence of an appropriation
to pay the bonds at their maturity.
There are now on hand in the treasury to the
credit of the Indian War claim fund ... .$ 692,946.00
Out of this should be paid the amount due the
school fund, the proceeds of sales of land
growing out of the 5 per cent. fund, under
act of Congress approved March 3, 1845,
received from the Federal government,
amounting to .................... .. $ 88,362.11
Also, amount retained and covered into the
treasury by the Federal government on ac-
count of Swaimp Land Indemnity sales due
the Internal Imrovement Fund of Florida,
received from the Federal government in
said settlement, amounting to ...... $ 25,007.02
Also, amount retained and converted into the
treasury by the Federal authorities (census
account), due the general revenue fund
of Florida, received from the Federal gov-
ernment in said settlement, amounting to. $ 9,326.21
I recommend that the amount due the school fund be
turned over to the State Board of Education, to be credited
to said fund; that the amount due the Internal Improvement
Fund of Florida be paid over to the trustees of said fund.
I recommend that the amount found to be due the general
revenue fund, together with the balance in the Indian War
claims fund, as shown by the Treasurer's report, be applied
to the payment of the bonded debt of Florida.
It will be observed that the 30-year bonds, issued in 1871,


drawing 7 per cent. interest, and those issued in 1873, draw-
ing 6 per cent. interest (amounting to $1,032,500.00) have
fully matured, not including those in the sinking fund.
The interest paid on the State debt in 1900, amounting to
$66,920.00, which, taken as an average interest for the thirty
years, shows that the people of Florida have paid $2,007,630.00
interest on $1,032,500.00, and that not one dollar has been
paid on the principal of the present outstanding bonded in-
debtedness during the past thirty years, save that represented
by bonds in the sinking fund. It may be argued that our
bonds are held by our school fund. This may be true, but
they are interet-hoanring nevertheless. It has also been sug-
gested that our bonds only draw 3 per centt. interest. True
but it must be remembered that the tax payer who pays this
interest, pays 8 per cent. and 10 per.cent. for money invest-
ed in his home and business, and, thus, eight or ten per cent.
on our bonded debt. The resources of our State abundantly
justify the immediate payment of the entire bonded debt of
Florida, which, in my opinion, can be done without increas-
ing the rate of millage of taxation. It seems to me of par-
amount importance that this be done.
The application of the balance in the Indian War claim
fund, $579,576.87, should be applied to the bonded debt,
which would leave the bonded debt $452,923.13.
The application of the proceeds from the hire of State
prisoners for the remaining three years of the present con-
tract (estimated at $160,000.00 per annum) will yield $480,-
000, which will pay the principal and $27,076.87 on the inter-
est, thus paying off the entire bonded debt of the State, and it
appears to me that the conclusion is irresistible that such a
course is wise, and its benefits cannot be overestimated for thp
general welfare of the State. I recommend that this plan be
adopted, the bonded debt of Florida be paid and dis-
charged, and the ta7.T'nvorS. be thus finally-and it is to be hop-
ed forever-relieved from the burden of paying interest that
brings no return, and should be no part of the economic gov-
ernment of a State of the resources of Florida.



The seven per cent. bonds of the State, issued under Chap-
ter 1833, Acts of 1871, matured January 1, 1901. The
total issue was $350,000. Of this amount $82,300 were
paid by the sinking fund, while the educational funds of the
State bought from the individuals who held them, as an invest-
.ment, the remainder, $267,700.


In obedience to the provisions of Chapter 4947, Acts of 1901,
three consolidated manuscript three per cent. bonds, to mature
January 1, 1951, aggregating $267,700, were issued to the
educational funds of the State in lieu of the $267,700 seven
per cent. bonds held by the funds, which matured January 1,
1901. The bonds so redeemed, together with those held by the
sinking fund, were destroyed by burning, all of which is
shown in detail in the report of the State Treasurer, dated
January 1, 1902.

Through the splendid services of Florida's delegation in
Congress, composed of the Honorables S. R. Mallory, James
P. Taliaferro, United States Senators, and the Honorables
Stephen M. Sparkman and Robert W. Davis, members of the
House of Representatives in the United States Congress, the
:account between the general government and the State of Flor-
ida was incorporated into an act of Congress for the allow-
ance for certain claims for stores and supplies, reported by the
court of claims, under the provisions of an act approved-
March 3, 1883, commonly known as the Bowen Act, and for
other purposes (Public No. 124), which passed the Congress
of the United States and was approved May 27, 1902, which
provided that the secretary be authorized and directed to set-
fle the mutual account heretofore stated between the United
States and the State of Florida, under authority of an act of


Congress, according to the mode stated, as may be found near
the foot of page 3 of a letter from the secretary in his re-
port dated December 16, 1889, published as executive docu-
.ment No. 68, House of Representatives, 51st Congress,, first
-session. By continuing the computation of the interest upon
the principal upon both sides to the date of settlement, and
ascertaining the balance due the said State, authorizing the
secretary of the treasury to surrender to the Governor of Flor-
ida the bonds of the said State held by the United States, ap-
propriating sufficient money to pay to the State of Florida
whatever balance found to be due said State, provided,that, in
further computing the said mutual account from the first day
,of January, 1890, no greater rate of interest shall be allowed
the State of Florida than the State has paid, is obligated to
pay, or has lost in connection with said account. Within
a few days after the" approval of this act of Congress, I
addressed a communication to the Honorable Secretary of
the Treasury asking for an immediate adjustment and settle-
ment of the claim as therein referred to, and, at the same
time making a demand for the amounts due the State of Flor-
ida from the general government-being five per centum of
the net proceeds of the sale of the lands within the State of
Florida, as provided by the act of Congress, approved March
3, 1845, which amounts had been accumulating from the date
the State was admitted into the Union, as shown by statement
,of the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, dated March 9,
1901, amounting to $88,140.97; also requesting a settlement
,of the balance due the State of Florida on account of swamp
land indemnity, which .amounts were retained and
covered into the Treasury as payment by the
State for interest on her stocks and bonds
held in the Indian trust fund, amounting to $25,007.02,
as shown by the correspondence with the Department. Soon
'thereafter, I was advised by the Hon. Secretary of the Treas-
ury that my three-communications had been- referred to the
Third Auditor of the War Department for his attention, with
directions that he make and state an account, making settle-



ment in accordance with the act of Congress referred to. And,
about the 23rd of June, 1902, a communication was received
from the Third Auditor of the War Department asking for
certain authenticated records which indicated a different con-
struction of the provisions of the act of Congress than that we
contended for; and I proceeded to Washington, and, after a
conference with the authorities there, a settlement was reach-
.ed, and the account stated as of the 30th day of June, 1902,
.on the basis of seven per cent. interest from the first day of
January, 1890, to the first day of January, 1901,-the date
that the seven per cent. Florida bonds matured and were re-
newed at three per ceht., leaving .the maximum interest-bear-
ing Florida bonds drawing six per cent. interest, which, under
the proviso of said act of Congress that Florida should not re-
ceive a greater rate of interest than said State paid, etc., 6 per
cent. was allowed from January 1, 1901, to the date of settle-
ment,-total principal and interest (after paying Florida
bonds, $132,000.00, and interest) amounting to $679,698.00.
Afterwards, it was discovered that the amounts retained by
the general government on account of the 5 per cent. and
swamp land indemnity funds, on account of Florida bonds held
by the Indian trust fund, had not been fully accounted for-
which error grew out of the failure of the Auditor of the
Treasury Department to take into account the transactions of
the Interior Department and give Florida credit for the pro-
ceeds of the sales of land, which was afterwards explained by
the Interior Department saying that it had not furnished the
Auditor of the War Department with the necessary data from
its office to-make up the correct statement-I applied to the
Comptroller of the Treasury Department to reopen and re-
state the account, which he promptly did, which resulted in our
securing the additional $13,248.00, thus enabling the State
Treasurer to reconcile the account by items and perfecting

Making a total of ............ ......... $692,946 00
Cash received, after paying the bonds......... 132,000 0O


And the interest thereon .................. 264,212 66'

Making a total of .......................$1,089,158 66

The $132,000.00 Florida 7 per cent. bonds, issued under date
fo 27th day of December, 1856, were duly can-
celed in this settlement and transmitted to me, which have-
been carefully listed, found correct, and are now in the hands
of the Treasurer; and I recommend that they be destroyed
under legislative direction-thusconcluding a transaction
that has extended over half a century of time, to the credit of
our Senators and Representatives in Congress and their prede-
cessors, and, I trust, to the satisfaction of the people.


As stated in my former message, this fund consists of the-
annual tax levy authorized by the Legislature,-the licenses
collected for the State, the receipts from insurance companies
and other items enumerated in the State Treasurer's report.

The expenditures in this fund cover all the general expenses
of the State Government, including the expenses, the appro-
priations made by the Legislature for the assessment and col-
lection of revenue, the interest on the State debt, the mainten-
ance of the several State c colleges and seminaries, the Hospital
for the Insane, the Institute for the Blind, Deaf and Dumb, for
jurors, salaries of all State officers and clerks, and all other
appropriations of the legislature, when no other fund is spec-
ially mentioned. The tax levy for the general revenue fund,
for 1902 was 24 mills on the dollar, and it is to be hoped that
the authorities will be able to reduce this rate in the future,.
since the annual payments of interest on the State debt has-
been reduced.
It is reasonable to suppose that the receipts for general rev-
enue purposes from other sources will be increased in the fu-


"ture, as it has been during the past two years, and that a more
-equitable plan may be provided by the present Legislature for
the assessment and collection of revenue and the taxation of
many items of property that now escape taxation.
I am mindful that the demands of the State institutions
are great; that the spirit of further improvement of our public
buildings is urgent; that the natural increase of expendi-
tures required in all the departments of State, owing to the
rapid growth and development of our Commonwealth, deserve
serious consideration at your hands, all of
which suggest the most rigid economy in
every branch of legislation and .in the expen-
diture of public funds, in the application and enforcement of
the law, in order that we may at the same time preserve our
excellent financial standing and avoid increasing the burden
of taxation. Yet, after a careful study of the resources of
our State, I am thoroughly convinced that we are amply able
to pay off the entire bonded debt, and still retain our present
financial standing, without any increase i nthe millage or rate
.rf tnxetion.

In transmit ting the report of Messrs. John P. Detwiler, of
Volusia county; C. R. Walker, of Orange county, and John
OG. Ruge, of Franklin county, Commissioners of Fisheries, I
'beg to call your attention to the fact that the Legislature has
not made any appropriation for the expenses of these commis-
sioners, as provided for in section 457, of the Revised Stat-
utes; consequently, what has been done has been accomplished
through the generosity of the commissioners at their own ex-
pense. The commissioners report that, since submitting their
previous report, they have received from the United States
Fish Commission 15,000,000 shad (fry), which have been dis-
tributed in the various waters of the State, as shown by the
report, in which is contained many valuable suggestions and



Under chapter 4894, Acts of 1901, an annual tax levy of
one mill on the dollar was collected for pensions. There are
now on the pension roll nearly 2,000 pensioners, and the
number is steadily increasing. You will observe that, under
the more liberal act of the Legislature of 1901, the number of
pensioners has increased from 758 in 1901, to 1,843 in 1902,.
requiring now the annual expediture of about $176,928.00.
The one mill tax authorized will yield a little less than $100,--
000. You will observe, therefore, that this would fall
approximately $75,000 short of the annual re-
t, and it is fair to presume that,
the present law, it will require a two mill
et the demands on this fund for each of the next two
in addition to the $70,000 which will be required, as
by the Comiptroller's estimate (in his report) to meet
nds on this fund for the three-quarters ending Octo-
1, 1903. I respectfully recommend that an appropriation of
be made available to meet the demands on this fund,
"order that the small amount that will be on hand for these
rters will not be required to be prorated as now pro-
law, between the deserving patriots now on the roll.
It is our Roll of Honor and must be so maintained. The
ate soldier fought to maintain a great principle of
constitutional government, as.he understood it. He felt
was right, and proved his faith by his deeds. In ans-
e call of his State, he put aside self and all his inter-
ave up home, family and all he held dear, save honor,
answer her call. His life and property and all the best
of his manhood he freely offered on the altar of duty,
when the struggle was ended, he quietly returned to his
home and to poverty, but with his honor untarnished
courage unbroken. By his lofty patriotism, his devo-
to duty, his conservative and uncomplaining acceptance
"conditions, he won the confidence of those who had opposed
and, by his industry, energy and resourcefulness, he haa.



,contributed in a marked degree to the rehabilitation of Flor-
ida, and to its present prosperous condition. He has been a
powerful factor in lifting the State from poverty and debt and
placing it on the highway of prosperity. Now, after all these
years of hardship, privation, toil and disappointments, broken
and enfeebled by age, wounds and exposure, the deserving old
Confederate soldier comes and asks the generous common-
wealth, (he helped to build up and served so faithfully both in
war and in peace,) to make hia few remaining years a little
less hard and rugged; and the State should listen to his plea
and answer as generously and as promptly as did the vigorous
man when she called him to offer up his all for her. Jus-
tice and honor both demand that the State should be as liberal
to these veterans as her means will permit. The pension law
needs some amendment in behalf of the widows of Confederate
soldiers who died in battle or of disease or injuries received in
battle, or as the result of service in the army, and I especially
invite your attention to the report of Attorney-General Lamar
on this subject. I further recommend that the law be
amended to permit soldiers of the Indian and Mexican
wars to draw pensions from the State. Your attention is
also respectfully invited to the report of special examiners
on the status of pension claims on file ini Ithe executive
office, showing the number of applicants to be 264.
The causes of rejection of these applications may be classi-
fied as follows:
(1) One hundred and eight applications of widows whose
husbands died prior to the enactment of the present pension
law, which provides that widows of pensioners whose names ire
on the roll, or who may be entitled to apply under said law,
shall have the benefits of said act. Therefore, if the law is
amended authorizing the Board of Pension Examiners to
grant the applications of these 108 applicants, at the rate of
:$96 per annum, it will amount to $10,368.00.
(2) There were, approximately, 156 applications of per-
sons under the age of 65 years for pensions, rejected because
the injuries complained of were not proven to have been in-

flicted or caused while in the service. Should the law be
amended authorizing the board to approve such applications,
at $96 a year, this will amount to $14,976.00.


The following table shows year pension system established
in eleven of the Southern States named; amount of pension
paid; number of pensioners; present annual appropriations,
and total appropriation to include 1902.



Alabama ..........1879
Arkansas .......... 1891
IFlorida............ 1885
,Georgia ........... 1879
Louisiana ......... 1898
Mississippi ....... 1888
North Carolina .... 1885
South Carolina .... 1888
"Tennessee ......... 1883
Texas........... .. 1 99
Virginia ...........1888

$ 273,099



c- '0

$18.60 to $37.20
25.00 to 100.00
25.00 to 100.00
5.00 to 150.00
30.00 to 54.00
32.50 to 100.00
30.00 to 120.00
19.65 to 96.00
100 00 to 300.00
96.00 to ...
15.00 to 100.00
. . . . .


By act of Congress, approved March 2, 1887, the United
States appropriates annually to the State $15,000.00, which is
used at the Experiment Station at Lake City, for the purposes
defined in the act cited.


Section 6, article 12, of the Constitution, provides, that "a
special tax of 1 mill on the dollar of all taxable property in
the State, in addition to the other means provided, shall be
levied and apportioned annually for the support and mainten-
ance of public free schools."


The receipts in this fund for the year 1902, col-
lected from the 1 mill tax were ............. $93,028 92
From sale and redemption of tax certificates. ... 7,058 32
Balance on hand ........................... 9,085 45

Making total of ......................... $109,172 69

which was distributed to the several counties of the State as
provided by section 6, article 12, of the Constitution, as-


By an Act of Congress, approved August 30, 1890, the
"United States annually appropriates a sum of money which
now aggregates $25,000 per annum to this State "in aid- of
land grant colleges of agriculture and mechanic arts." The
appropriation is equally divided between the Agricultural Col-
lege for white students, at Lake City, and the Normal and In-
dustrial College for colored students, at Tallahassee, to be
applied only to "instruction in agriculture, the mechanic arts,.
the English language, and the various branches of mathemat-
ical, physical, natural and economic science, with special ref-
erence to their applications in the industries of life, and to
facilities for such instruction."


The principal of the State school fund, as shown by the
Treasurer's report of December 31, 1902, consists of $831,-
100.00, invested in bonds of the several States; and $2,000.62,
uninvested at that time. This fund is derived from the sale
of the lands granted by the United States to the State for the
support of public schools, by the act of Congress approved
March 3, 1845. The report of the Commissioner of Agricul*
ture shows that there were on the 1st of January, 1903, .218,-
461.71 acres of school lands unsold. The uninvested portion
of the fund, as well as the proceeds from the sale of the school

lands, is being invested by the State BSoard of Education
ais rapidly as the bonds required by section 267,: of the Re-
vised Statutes, can be purchased at reasonable rates.


The interest of the bond of the State! School fund is re-
quired by section 7, article 12, of tihe Constitution of
Florida, as amended in 1894, to be distributed "for the
support and maintenance of public free schools, among the
several counties of the State in proportion to the average
attendance upon the schools in said counties, respec-


By the act of Congress, approved July 2, 1862, the
United Statest granted certain lands to' the State of Flor-
ida tol be sold and the proceeds invested in United States
or State securities to constitute a perpetual fund, the
capital oif which shall remain forever undimin shed, and
the interest of which shall be inviolably appropriated to
the endowment, support and maintenance or at least one
college where the leading object shall be-without exclud-
ing other, scientific and classical studies, and including
military tactiOs--to' teach such branches of learning a,
are related1 to agricultural and mechanic arts. Thel pro-
ceeds from: the sale of this land were invested in State
bonds, aind this constitutes ,the principal of the Agricul-
tural Fund, which is shown by the Treaisurer's report to
be $153,800.00
The annual interest of this amount is about $9,000.00.
This, with the appropriation made by the Legislature,
has made iThe annual receipts in the Agricultural College
Fund for current expenses.
Some of the Florida iState Botnds held by tbhiis fund ma-
tured January 1st, 1901, and were redeemed by manu-


script 3 per cent. bond, under chapter-,4947, Acts 1901.
Thus, it will appear, that the interest having been reduced
to one-half, it thus reduces the resources of the Agricul-
tural College Fund', and, in order to remove any question
that might arise under the act of congress granting this
endowment and supporiti to the State College ait the rate
of interest 'as, specified i'n said Act, whioih cannot now be
complied with by the State Bodard of Education for the
reason that the securities required by law cannot be pro-
cured at the rate of interest named by the act of Congress
and the, difference between the present rate of 3 per cent.
and the rate ass stated (being 5 per 'cent.) in said act of
Congress, I recommend that a specific appropriation be
made to cover the difference of this account.
By an act of Congress, approved March 3, 1845, the,
United Strates granted to the State of [ iorida fivo entire
townships! of land for the uise otf two seminaries of learn-
ing; one tol be located east and tihle other west of the
Suwannee river. From the proceeds of the sales of lands
there is now in the principal of the Seminary Fusnd $98,-
600.00 invested in Florida IState Boundls, and $912.76 unin-
vested. From this the fund has derived a annual interest
of $5,601.00. which amount has been equally divided be-
tween the Wesiti Florida Seminary at Tallahalssee, and the
Seminary east (of thie Suwannee river, located at Gaines-
The legislature has made appropriation to each of thesk
seminaries to provide suitable buildings and to meet cur-
rent expenses. Thhe renewal of the matured Florida bonds
in this fund drawling six and seven per cent. interest by
three per cent. bonds,hasreduced'theoresources of said Semi^
nary Funds, andy thus,, itas apparent that-ou should take no
tice of t his reduction and interest and make a suitable
appropriation for the necessities and expenditures Itf
these seminaries of leariilng.

It will be observed from the report of the Trustees of
these institutions, and the report of the State Superinten-
dent, .that much progress and great improvement in the
properties of these institutions have been made, as well
as a great increase in the number of students and fac-
ulty. The progress 'and growth of these institutions that
are pushing forward to such excellent results must be
gratifying to the people of the State, especially to the pat-
rons of these institutions. They have become entitled to a
liberal appropriation for their maintenance.
The tables below will give a comparative statement
of their expenses, attendance, growth and the necessities
&'f these institutions.


Comparative Statement of Expenditures and Attendance.
Year 4895.
Expenditures .............. .............$ 4,158 29
Attendance .. .......................... .. 88

Year 1902.
Expenditures ..................... $6,430 00
Attendance ......................... ...... 1


Comparative Statement of Expenditures and Atte.tdance.
Year 1895.
Expenditures ............... ........ 7,400 00
Attendance ............................ ... 104
Teachers .............. .**** .............. 6

Year 1902.
Expenditures! ......... ............ ... 9,095 28
Attendance .......... ...........** ...... 277
Teachers .......... *** **** ****........ 7


Outstanding indebtedneiss-
Balance on main building, being the balance
due at the time of completing of same, 9th
day of June, 1891.............. ...... 3,366 66
Incurred in 1902-
Balance on two dormitories. ... $2,591 10
Balance on heating plant....... 4,217 91
Balance, on furniture for dormi-
tories ....................... 3,236 44- 10,045 45

Total ................................. $13,412 11
I recommend a a appropriation for the Florida State
*College sufficient to enable the trustees to employ three
additionall insJructors; to build one dormitory, and a
.suitable assembly ball, and to pay the indebtedness


The Legislature of 1901 enacted a law authorizing the
Supreme Court to select and call to its assistance three
persons learned in the law to render to the court such
assistance in the discharge of its duties, and to perform
such servicess in connection therewith, alsF might be as-
signed to it by the judges from time to time. The court
selected and called to its assistance three pers)Gns, as
designated, who began the performance of such service
as commissioners of the Suprneme Court on the first day
of September, 1901, and continued so to do with, success,
until the qualification of additional justices. of the Su-
preme Court, as provided foir in said act, under the pro-
visionsi of the constitutional amendment proposed by the
Legislature of 1901, and ratified at the general election
held November 4, 1902.
Sincethe reorganization of the Supreime Court, which
occurred December 1, 1902, under said constitutional pro-
vision, the oturt has been divided into two divisions, and
is rapidly relieving the congested condition of the docket
that has given to the people of Florida so much concern.


It will be observed, under this constitutional provision,
that ithe Governor, by and with the consent oicf the Sen-
ate, shall appoint three justices of the Supreme Court,
who shall hold office until the first Tuesday after the'first
Monday in June, 1905, and may further hold office! until
their successors shall be elected and qualified, if it shall
be so provided by law. It was clearly the intention of the
framers of the Constituriion of 1885 to make the office or
justices of the Supreme Court elective. The present pro-
vision provides that "the first election of said justices
shall take place at the finsit election for members of the
Legislature, after the ratification of this Constitution,"
etc., which, in my judgment, contemplates an election of
three justices: of the Supreme Court at the general elec-
tion to be held in 1904, therefore, I recommend that a
law be enacted on this isubjeicit to carry into effect this
constitutional provision, and thus enable the court to dis-
charge itts duties under the Constitution and laws of this


The reports of the Secretary of State, Comptroller,
Treasturer, Attorney-General, Supeiintendent of Public
Instruction and Commissioner of Agriculture, trans-
mitted herewith, are filled walth statistical data and in-
formation that is worthy of your careful investigation
and study, and your attention is respectfully invited to

Your, attenlticn also respectfully invited to the. re-
pprts of th(e State officers and appointees transmitted
herewith-consistinzg of the report of the Railroad Com-
missioners, the State Health Officers, the State Board of
Health, the State Ohemist, the Adjutant-General, the Su-
perintendent of the Hospital for the Insane, Commission-


ers on Uniformity of Laws, lhei Commission of Fisheries,
and Capitol Improvement C'ommtission.


One of the moist important positions is that of State
Auditor. Under the provisions of the act of the Legisla-
ture of 1901, providing for lte Itraveling expenses of the
State Agent, he was enabled to1 carry on hiss work to much
better advantage, and thus to accomplish better:results
for the State. It must be apparent, however, that the
duties of this position are so important, requiring pecu-
liar ability aand special qualifications, that, in order to
maintain thisM work, it is necessary to increase the salary
of the agent, and to provide him with clerical assistance.
An examination into the duties of this office, and the
many demands made upon hiis time from the various
counties of thee State, including the present duties rela-
tive to the tax sale certificates now in the hands of the
various C krks of the Circuit Courts of the State, shows
that it would require three ,competent men with clerical
assistance: to render ('1he .service necessary. Therefore, I
recminicrnd that the State Agent be provided with an as-
,istant, wi th the /samiel duties and powers, and with a
secretary, in order that this impoltiant work may be per-
formied in a business like manner and to the best inter-
tsts of the State.


The Commissionie of Agriculture' is given the super-
vision of State priiSners by the Constitution. "As will
appear by the commissioner's report, there are more
than a thousand S1tlate prisoners located ini the various
counties, and the experience of the past justifies me in
requesting your special attention to the important: posi-
tion of Supervisor of Convicts'. The present compensa-
tion of the supervisor of State. Convicts, which includes

his traveling expenses, is inadequate. He is required
to keep records, make reports, correspond with sub-
lessees, chaplainis, physicians, and others in charge of
the care and maintenance 6f the prisoners, reporting to
the Governor and Commissioner of Agriculture. The
greater part.of the time being consumed in traveling and
absence from hils office; Therefore, I recommend that his
traveling expenses be paid by the Sliate from the proceeds
of the hire of State prisoners, upon vouchers approved
by the lCommisslioner of A cgri1oulture.
I deem it my duty to invite your special attention to
the salaries and duties of State officials. It may be ob-
served from the reports of the Secretary of State, Comp-
troller, Treasurer, Attorney-General, Superintendent of
Public Instru'ctiil'h and Commissioner of Agriculture,
transmillted herewith, that the manifold duties cast upon
them b the Constitution and laws of the State have
quadrupled in the past few years, thus imposing greater
responsibility and labor to properly perform the duties
and functions 6f their respective offices. A careful study
of their reports will show the increase in their duties
caused by the wonderful increase in the population,
Wealth, gr iwth, development and progress of our State
during the past decade. The enormous increase in the
price of self-maintenance: should also be Itaken into con.
sideration, in: fixing a reasonable ,compensation for State
officia.si, whichli power is vested ini you. The Secretary of
State is overburdened with work and it is impossible fcr
him to perform except in a slight degree the duties and
functions of his office with his present force; he ni t only
Ihas to keep the records of all commissions and executive
documents that are issued, but must of necessity furnish
notices to appointees and officers elected, bonds, etc.,
issue and record letters paten)it to corporations for the
immense charter business of the State; but is also custo-


dian of State; Capitol building and grounds, charged with
all the details ,of providing heat, lig' t, repairs, etc., to
supervise the janitor sc vice of all the offices, and is
State Librarian. He should be provi ed' with an assist-
ant librarian' to take charge of and catalogue: the 3,000
estimatede) Vollumes of books in his custody, to whtcih
it is impo(slsible for him: t give proper attention. The
assistant librarian should als6 be made director of
Prchives, with duties prescribed by: law. He should be
provided with an assistant custodian of the State House
and groundisi! in order thait'this important work may be
continuously under the immediate supervision and direct,
tion of a competent person. The enlargement of the capi-
tol building. and the idcreaised number of *-ccupants make
it necessary to increase the. janitor service.
The: duties devolving upon the other State officials have
also increased, as will appear by their reports, all of
whidh are entitled to .your careful consideration. In ad-
dition to their many duties, the Constitution anid laws
have created Boards! coi-iposed of; members of the cabinet,
and a glance at the following list of Boards' -member-
chip will g.ve a faint idea of the. additional duties im-
posed upon igtate officials: a :
(1) Board of Commissioners of State Institutions-
Governor, Secretary of State, Comptroller, Treasurer,
Attorney-General, Superintendent of Public Insitruction,
Commissioner of Agriculture.
(2) State Board of Education-Governor, Secretary of
iState Treasurer, Attorney-General and Superintendent
of Public, Instruction. .
(3) Pardoning Board-Governor, Secretary of State,
Attorney-General, Comptroller, and Commissioner of Ag-
(4) Pensioi Board-G'overnor, Comptroller and Attor-
(5) State Finance Board-Governor, Comptroller and


(6) Reform School-G-overnor, Attorney-General and
Commissioner of Agriculture.
(7): Trustees Intern al mpro vemen t Fun d7-Governor,
Comptroller, Attorney-General, Treasurer and Cbninmis-
sioner of Agriculture.
(8) Capitol Improvement Commission-Governor,
Comptroller and three appointees.
(9) Board R. R. Assessors-Comptroller, Treasurer
and Attorney-General.
The Board of Commissioners of State Inlstiitutions is
charged with the stupervils!ion of all State institutions,
including the Hospital for the Insane, with 700 patients,
80 employees and their maintenance, purchasing provis-
ions and clothing and payment' of all bills, etc., amount-
ing to seventy-five ($75,000) annually. The supervision of
the :State priilsoners, numbering upwards of 1,000, and
their care and maintenance, together with an anticipated
net receipt, from; their hire during the four year term
contract', of $600,000.
The State Board of Education is charged with the su-
pervision of educational mat ters generally. It is an ap-
pellate tribunal from all decisions of County School
Boards. It has charge of the investment of the school
fund, the sale of school and ISeminary lands, Ithe employ-
ment of instructors for the State Normal School at De-
Funiak Springs, thbe Colored Normal School at Tallahas-
see, Institution for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind at St. Au-
guistine, the South Florida Mililary Institution at Bar-
tow, and St. Petersburg Nornal and Industrial School,
the expenditure of the appropriations made by the Legis-
lature for the maintenance and improvement of these in-
stitultions, payment of instructors, etc., which amounts.
to $1,000,000.00 per year in detail.
The Pardoning Board heard and considered 185 appli-
cations for pardons during the year 1902, which means,
the careful study of voluminous tranlsiscripts of re6cods,.


evidence, petitions, briefs, and oral arguments, requiring
mtuch time.
The Pension Board considered during the past two
years 1,835 applications; whiich will give some idea of
the demands made upon it's time. The State Financial
Board has 'charge ),f the ?State moneys under chapter
4586, Laws of 1897, and has ,caused to be
placed in various banks, upon approved bonds
as therein specified, over $800,000. The Reform
School Board has few duties. The' law creating
it also provides for a Board of Trustees, which has charge
of its immediate management. The Trustees of thi In-
ternal Improvement Fund are charged with duit:ies cast
upon them by t!ihe acts ,of the Legislature of 1855, grant-
ing to them all of the landss granted to this State: by the
United Sitates, as swamp and 6'verflowed lands', Which
carry with them the duties of drainage and reclamation,
sales of lands and the payment of certain bonds of'the
bonded counties, ete., which amounted''to upwards of
$50,000.00 laisit year. Their sales of land during'the past
two years amount Itio' more than a quarter' of a million
dollars, which funds they are custodians of, and are re-
sponsible for their isiafe keeping and management. The
Board, of Railroad Assessors is charged with the duties
of aissessiing all the railroad and telegraph properties in
this State. This requires much attention.
"The Capitol Imiprovemenut' Commission was of course
created for a special and temporary work and the duties
of this commission and the demands made upon its mem-
blers during the progress of the' extension and improve-
ment of the capitol were many.
"Th us it will appear that a State official ito discharge
properly the duties and functions of Ihis office is not only
required to give every possible moment of his time but
his best attention and can riot give any attention to pri-
vate business matters. This fact, 'coupled with the great
responsibility of the deities imposed in transactions of


such magnitude -for ithe State's welfare, ,should appeal
to those entrusted with the provision for payment of such
services, and I bespeak for these worthy officials such
salaries and clerical assistance as will give the people
a right to expect a continuance of efficient and first class
service of tihe highest business integtrlty, sagacity and


Section 1, Article 9, df the Constitution reads: "The
Legislature shall provide for a uniform rate of taxation
and shall presicriibe such rules and regulations as shall
secure jus: valuation of all property both real and per-
sonal, exempt property exceptedd" In 1871 the Legisla-
turie created a State Board of Equalization to determine
the real value of real'estate in the different counties.
Th,'s board made its report to Ithe Legislatuire of 1872,
which report- was confirmed. 'Since that time there hais
been no power or board of equalization to determine the
real valuations' of real estate in the different
counties, which has resulted in the policy of local depre-
ciation of valuations. The law empowers the Boards
of County Commissioners to equalize valuations between
individual owners of properties, where there is no
authority vested with the duty or power of equaliz-
ing or determining the real 'valuations of real estate
between thle different: counties, notwithstanding the State
hais a fixed village or rate of taxation for State purposes.
It has been ascertained that, under our present t system
,( f valuations, property in some ,df the counties is asisess-
ed at 90 per cent. of iitis value, while i'n other counties it
is assessed at lesrs than 20 per cent. of its value. Hence
the urgent necessity of a power that can equalize and de-
termine valuations to conform to the constitutional re-
quiremen)t, that the Legislature shall provide for a uni-
form and equal rate of taxation, secure just valuations,
etc. Therefore, I reocummnend that a State Board of


,Equalization be created, consisting of the members of
the Board of Comm'i'ssioners' of State Institutions; that
they shall be clothed with all necessary powers and' duties,
to equalize: and determine valuations of real estate be-
tween the various counties.


Many of the Staltesi ave enacted laws taxing fran-
chises, which is considered necessary in order to comply
with the constitutional r-equirements for a uniform sys-
tem of taxation. Much litigation has grown out df the ef-
fort to ltax franchises or intangilble values and proper-
ties. The lciurtsi of last resort have sustained some of
these laws, however; notably, the act to provide for the
assessment and taxation of franchises adopted by the
Legislature of the State of Missouri, approved March 9Y
1901, which provides in ,part that the franchises other
than the right to be a corporation building railroads or-
railroad bridges, telegraph, telephone, conduit, water,
electric light and gas companies or all other similar cor-
poratiorusi owning, operating and managing public utill-
ties, or all quaisi public corporations possessing special'
and peculiar privileges and authorized by law to perform
any public service, shall be assessed for the purpose of
taxation, and at the: same time and same manner as other
property of such corporation, and that there shall be a
levy on ithe assessed valuation of such franchises; the same'
rate icf taxation as may be levied on other property, re-
quiring the, authoriti'esi authorized to make such assess-
ment to ascertain, fix and determine the total value for-
taxable purposes of itie entire property of such corpora-
tion tangible and intangible in the State, and then assess
the tangible property, and deduct the amount of such as-
sessment from the total valuation, and enter tihe remain-
der upon the; assessment list under the head of "all other

It is apparent tfht 1 such a law is necessary in Florida
-to enable those charged with the assessment of property
to complyy with the statutory requirement of assessing
property at its true cash value.
In a recent decision, the Supreme Court of Ohio (166
U. S., 185) passing on :the tax law, expressed itself in part
.as follows: "In the colnmplex civilization of today a large
portion of the wealth of a community consists in intangi-
ble property, and there is nothing in the nature of things
or in the limits of Ithe Federal constitution which re-
stricts a State from taxing itself relative to the value
,of such intangible property ** * * it matters noit
in what this intangible property consists,-whether priv-
ileges, corporate 'franchises, contracts or obligations; it
is enough that, it is property which has value produces in-
-come and passes current in the markets of the world. To
ignore tih)s intangible property o'r to hold that it is not
-subject to taxation at. its' accepted value is to eliminate
from the reach of the taxing power a large portion of the
wealth of the country. * What a mockery of sub-
stantial justice it would' be; for a corporation whose
property is worth to its: s toickohlders, for the purpose of
income and sale, millions of dollars to be adjudged liable
for taxation upon only one-fourth of that amount." This,
I consider, is sound doctrine and is descriptive of a con-
diction that exists in Florida which shouldd be remedied.
"Taxation lies at the very base of government and should
bear equally upon every citizen. No one should be called
upon to bear an unjust ,or unequal burden, and none
-slhould expect less than to bear his share. It is not a
question of ownership, but a question of value that
should share in the burden of government.
If (the owners of any class of perpierty, used and enjoy-
-ed under franchises granted by the State, are permitted
by law to charge the people for the use of that property
.a rate sufficient to produce a reasonable income upon its
-valuation, that valuation ought to be the basis upon which

the property is taxed. Therefore, I recommend that a
law should be enacted on this subject.


The law fails to provide a system of record of title
deeds and papers of titles to' State and educational in-
stitutions (other than in counties); or the designation
of any official or person as custodian of such title deeds
or papers or in what manner or by whom they shall be
kept. This lack of isystemn has led to much confusion! re-
lative to the original title papers of State institutions and
properties, and caused me to employ Mr. F. L. Roberston
to procure from the various officials and persons sup-
posed to have such title papers of State properties, and to
examine them with the view of preparing an abstract of
title to thie various properties whereoln are situated pub-
lic buildings and 'State and educational institutions; and
I deem it proper that I should transmit his report here-
with for your consideration. It will be observed that
there are many missing links to the titles mentioned in
his report, and it is proper that I should state that several
of them have been supplied, thus correcting the irregular-
ities since his report waisi filed. Plats of the various sites
whereon iis situated State properties and institutions will
be found in this message. I recommend that tihe Commis-
sioner of Agriculture: be designated ais the official to have
the custody of all deeds and title papers of the sites of all
State properties and educational institutions, and that
such Commissioner be provided with a deed book wherein
all deeds shall be recorded.

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In N%/ of county quarter being the S. W. 1/ of Sec., 36, T. 1, W.,
Described as lots, 35 and 40, block 129, and lots 34 and 41, block 130,
map of the City of Tallahassee, conveyed to Board of Education
for the Seminary West of the Suwannee, by F. Epps, Intendent of the
City of Tallahassee, April 14th, 18oa. Also, lots 43 and 48, block 120,
and lots 42 and 49, block -10, described above as conveyed to same
Board by Geo. K. Walker, July l1Lh, 1858.
Lots 216 and 217, block 75, North addition to Tallahassee, Map of
City of Tallahassee. The same being in N. E. 1/4, Sec. 36, T. 1, N.,
R. 1 W., conveyed by M. A. Long for TruSteeS Leon Female Academy
to Board Education July 27, 1858.


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CAL L 577 .0 FT
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EAST FLORIDA SEMINAR-yLocated At Gainesville, Florida.
North half of block 4 and all of block 5, town plat Galnesville, Florida, being In the Southeast quarter of the Northeast quar.
ter of Section 5, Township 10, Range 20, South and East. North half block 4, 165 ft. 61n. North and South and 167 ft. East and
West, 743 acres. I lock 5, 325 ft. North and South, 197 ft. East and West, 1.446 acres.

_______ _ __ _/ 7 / `0?"PT.-r


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Town of Bartow, Polk County.

131/2 acres in the Northwest corner of the northwest
quarter of Lne Southwest quarter of Section 8, Township
20, South of Range 25 East.

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[T1$i] |I|s

Lake City, Florida.
Located In Section 32, Township 3 South, Range 17 East, an d Sectioh 5, ..Township 4 South, Range 17, East


LE, 7 L@E UAL Co/zA e 7/ i N" -
T/ / .- 175




Section 36, Township 3, Range
19 North and West. The color-
ed lots belci g to the State.




7 ,











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"*Reservation granted to the State of Florida for EuucaL.onal purposes by Act of Congress, Approved Dec. 15, 1870 See public Lan-,
1870-71 page 396. (16Stat. 3.,u,.
Sections 34 and 35 and East half of Northeast quarter and east half of Southeast quarter of Section 33 have been reserved for the use
of an arsenal by order of the President of the United States, dated Nov. 3, 1832, March 12, 1833.
Fractional Sections 29, 28, 27, 26 and 25 were desired to be reserved by the War Department for the use of the arsenal. See papers tied
with the Secretary of the Treasury, letter to Commander isov. 5, 1833, letter to Register Lands Tallahassee, No. 8, 1833.
Total number of acres, 3, 219. Colored tracts belong to State.

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In my message to the Legislature at its session of 1901,
,attention was called to the condition to tht title to the
land, buildings and appurtenances whereon is situated
the Florida Hospital for the Insane, near Chattahoochie,
in Gadsden county, formerly known as the "Chattahoo-
chee Arsenal," in which it was made to appear that there
might be some question arising relative to the regularity
of the title--it appearing to be vested in the trustees of
the Internal Improvement Fund instead of the State of
Florida, which matter has been called to the attention of
the trustees (f the Internal Improvement Fund, and, at
my request, a deed has been executed conveying 1,664.75-
100 acres of land by the trustees of the Internal Improve-
ment Fund to the State of Florida for a nominal consid-
erationj,--thus removing any question as to the title.
It will be observed from the superintendent's report
(which is transmitted herewith,) that the number of pa-
lients in the Florida State Hospital has increased from
780 on January 1, 1900, to 929 on January 1, 1902; that
there have been no accidents or casualties to patients
during the two years ending December 31, 1902; that
there has been roousiderable improvement in buildings
and in equipping the institution with modern bathtubs
and toilets, heating apparatus, etc.; that there has been
an increase in the price of provisions, clothing and every-
thing necessary fcor the proper equipment and mainten-
ance of the institution, all of which should be considered
by your honorable body in determining the necessitits of
the institution for the next two years. A committee was
appointed under the joint resolution passed during the
Legislature of 1901, consisting of Senator F. W. Sams,
Dr. J. Y. Porter and Hon. W. A. Fulton, who will doubt-
less furnish you with a report, which is referred to for a
more minute statement concerning the interest of the in-
stitutior and its management. The recommendations of
the sui)printendent are worthy of careful consideration.

I also respectfully invite your attention to the report of
Hon. H. J. Drane. as special insurance agent, recommend-
ing that a good system of water supply and fire protection
be immediately installed at the State Hospital for the In-
sane, which at present has practically nothing of this na-
ture in connection T herewith. He states that this should
include a sufficient water supply for fire purposes and el-
evated lank of sufficient capacity, mains, hydrants, and
hose, including a system of fire escapes, which is concurr-
ed in by the superintendent. By the statutes of Florida,
tht hotels are conipelled to supply fire escapes for
guests. and Mr. )Drane asks: "Why favor that class who
are able lo care for themselves over the afflicted in mind
and body who are not able to care for themselves ?" I
shall have to content myself with leaving this question for
you to answer, with the recommendation that such a pro&
vision be irrade.


The insurance on State properties has been found un-
satisfactory and without system. No officer or person
has been charged by law with any special duties relative
to insurance matters; consequently the insurance on
State property hasbeen irregular. Many buildings and.
much property not covered by any insurance, while other
properties were relatively over-insured.. Many of the pol-
icits, containing "three-quarter valuation clause," con-
trary to law and not required on State property; many
of them not containing the "concurrent insurance clause,"
nor the "lightning clauses" nor "electric light clause,"
etc., etc. And in order to determine the status of the in-
surance on State properties, both as to form and sub-
stance of policies, valuation and rate of premium charg-
ed, that the State was entitled to, I, in 1901, employed
Hon. H. J. Drane, special agent on insurance matters for
the State, requesting him to examine all the policies, de-
termine the valuation of all State property subject to,


insurance, fix its insurance valuation, prepare forms of
the various contracts, correcting errors in the present
policies where necessary, and all other matters in connec-
ion therewith; and deem it proper that I should transmit
his report for your examination and consideration. It
will be observed that there are very few of the many pol-
icies that have been found regular by Mr. Drane, and your
attention is especially invited to his criticism of each pol-
icy, showing definitely the irronlarity thereof. It is
deemed important that insurance on State properties
should cover every item of State property, all public
buildings, furniture, fixtures,, libraries, impliments and
apparatus, of every kind and description; and with this
in view, I have caused Mr. Drane to prepare a schedule
embracing every item of State property by proper de-
iscription, which will constitute a blanket form to be at-
tached to each and every policy-no matter by whom is-
sued, nor for what amount-eliminating all irregular
features, and thus establishing a uniform system of insu-
rance which will cover every reasonable contingency as
well as every piece of property worthy of consideration
belonging to the State; a copy of which schedule is also
transmitted for your consideration, which will show the
items of property therein described and referred to, where
situated, the valuation thereon and the amount of in-
surance recommended by Mr. Drane to be carried on each
description, together with a rate of premium for a three
years' policy which gives a minimum rate, in which it will
appear that the total valuations Jf State property is
$'1;4,978; that the amount of insurance carried at the
date of h's report was $345,740; leaving $309,238 worth of
property uninsured. It will also be observed that the he
recommends that the State should take out $479,393 in-
surance for the three years at the rate of 3 8-1.0 per cent.
average premium for three years, amounting to $11,765.05
premium for three years. Therefore, I recommend that
this system be adopted by the State, and that the Board of


"Commissioners of State Institutions be charged with the
specific duty of keeping the record of insurance, together
with the custody of all policies issued, with directions to
keep the insurance renewed and in force at such rate and
for such amounts as in its judgement may seem best for
the interest of the State from, time to time, and that a suf-
ficient appropriation be made to cover the necessary pre-
miumi on insurance, subject to the order of the Board of
(Commissioners of State Institutions.


1876-Cost of State Prisoners... $20,646
1:877-Cost of State prisoners... 2,500
1881-The State received from 129

prisoners, at $15.00 each.....
1882-The State received from 149
prisoners, at $15.00 each........
1883-State received for hire of
135 prisoners ....... .........
1884-State received for hire of
162 prisoners ...... ..........
1885-State paid for care and
maintenance of 197 prisoners
1886-87-88-89-The State received
no compensation for the hire of
prisoners, numbering from 236
in 1886, to 339 in 1889..........
1890-State received for hire of
388 prisoners, at $15.00 each..
1891-The State received for 409
prisoners, at $22.50 each.......
1892-The State received from hire
of 453 prisoners, at $22.50 each.
1893-The State received for hire
of 482 prisoners, at $22.50 each.


$ 1,935 00

2,235 00

4,600 00

4,600 00

8,500 'M)

0,000 00

5,820 00

9,202 50

10,192 50

10,845 00


1894--State received for hire
530 prisoners ................ .. 21,000 00
1895-State received for hire 617
prisoners ..............2....... 21,000 CO
1896-State received for hire 688
prisoners ................ .... 21,000 00
1897-State received for hire 656
prisoners ....................21,000 00
1898--State received for hire 692
prisoners .................... .21,000 00
1899-State received for hire
717 prisoners.................. 21,000 00
1900-State received for hire 797
prisoners ................... .. 21,000 00
1901-Sitate received for hire 930
prisoners ...... .......... 21,000 00
1902-State received for hire 975
prisoners ..................... 148,000 00

The present law provides that the sum arising, from
the hire of such State prisoners shall be distributed to the
counties in proportion to the number of State prisoners
sentenced from each county to the State penitentiary dur-
ing the sentence. In 1897 a law was enacted authori-
zing the construction of a building for a reformatory
school for juvenile offenders; appropriated money to car-
ry out the provisions of said law and for its maintenance,
etc., also authorizing the Governor to appoint a supervi-
sor of State convicts at a salary of $125 per month, pay-
able out of the revenue derived from the hire of convicts
and also the sum of $10.00 to each prisoner when discharg-
ed, which left an insignificant sum to be distributed to the
counties under the provisions of the contracts for hire
of State prisoners, (and the law creating these expendi-
tures during the years 1898-99 and 1900) being less than
$11,000 per annum for either of the said years. Thus,
it will be observed that the amounts so distributed to


the counties was so small that the various Boards of
County Commissioners could not anticipate a sufficient
amount for this fund to enable them to take it into con-
sideration in making up the budget of expenses necessary
to base a levy for county purposes upon; neither was the
amount sufficient to emphasize the unjust and uhuni-
form system of distribution. It must be apparent that
a more equitable and uniform basis should be established,
if this fund is to be distributed among the various coun-
ties. Under our form of government revenues are raised
upon the valuations of property, within the various coun-
ties, and, if a fund is to be distributed, it appears to me
that it should be distributed upon the same basis.
Under the present contract for the hire of State prison-
ers, the State is to receive $151.50 per capital per annum
for the hire of State prisoners, which will yield about
$160,000 (estimated) for each of the three remaining
years of this contract, which is equivalent to about a 2
mill tax on all the taxable values of Florida as appears by
the assessment rolls. Therefore, if this amount was to be
distributed upon the basis of valuations, the county com-
missioners could contemplate with some certainty the
amount to be realized from this source and could take the
same into consideration in fixing the millage for county
purposes; otherwise the basis is uncertain, subject to
change at any time by death, pardon, expiration of the
term of the prisoner, etc., etc. Therefore, I recommend
that the law be changed and the distribution be based
upon the valuation of property of the various counties,
as appears by the tax rolls. It will be observed, by ref-
erence to the comptroller's report, that the State paid ju-
rors and witnesses during the year 1902 $63,685.94 out
of the general revenue fund of the State; the counties
paid on account of criminal prosecutions during the year
1902, approximately, theiri same amount. Therefore if
the proceeds of the hire of the State prisoners is to be
applied on the theory of paying the cost of the criminal


prosecutions, I suggest that it would only be just that
,kone-half of said proceeds be turned into the general reve-
nue fund of the State, :and the other half be distributed
among the various counties.
A more important demand, however, presents itself to
my mind-the payment and discharge of the bonded debt
'of the State. I have called attention to the fact that with
the balance of the Indian War Claims Fund applied to
the payment of our bonded debt; that the proceeds of the
hire cf the State prisoners for the next three years,
would pay off the remainder of the bonded indebtedness,
and thus relieve the tax payers from the burden of debt
and the interest thereon; and, in view of the fact that the
-counties have not 'heretofore received a sufficient sum
from this source to even be considered in their budget,
it would now be a serious loss to them. I earnestly
recommend that a law be enacted applying the entire pro-
ceeds arising from the hire of State prisoners to the pay-
unent of the bonded debt of the State until the last dollar
"is finally paid and discharged.
The report of Hon. W. H. Milton, president of the-
Board of Trustees, transmitted herewith, shows that the
institution is out of debt, and that the management is
good. He urges an amendment to the law authorizing
that incorrigible children be sent there for reformation
and training-as well as criminals after conviction for
,crime and under sentence for punishment. Therefore, I
recommend that a law be enacted, as suggested, authoriz-
ing incorrigible children to be sent, without conviction,
for an indefinite period, leaving the term to be fixed by
"the management.
Your attention is invited to the report of Attorney-
General Whitfield, as required by section 88, of the Re-
vised Statutes, and the .recommendations therein made,


calling attention to the necessity of having more adequate
laws on the subjects of probate jurisdiction and proce-
dure, management and sale of estates of minors and in-
sane persons, escheats, nuncupative wills, licenses, sale
and redemption of tax certificates issued for non-payment
of taxes purchased by cities and towns, appeals from
interlocutory orders and decrees granted, of super-sedeas.
orders, revision of the statute laws of the State and the
preparation of a digest of tht decisions of the Supreme
Court in civil cases, and a revision of the revenue lawsK
of the State.


The Democratic State Convention held at Jacksonville,.
beginning on the 19 day of June, 1900, in its platform
unanimously adopted, did declare and provide for the
nomination of all candidates for office, both State and
county, and of United States Senators, by a majority vote,
in white Democratic primary elections, held under the
provisions of law, which shall provide all possible protec-
tion against fraud, bribery, intimidation and other vi-
cious influences; said primaries to be uniformly held
throughout the State on the same day; and did pledge the
party to the passage of all laws to that end. The Legis-
lature (session of 1901) enacted a law (chapter 5014) on
this subject, thus firmly establishing the primary system
for nominating candidates for any office under the laws.
of this Stae, and fro nominating delegates to political
conventions. The primary held for the nomination of
candidates at the general election, 1900, and the general
primary election for the nomination of State and county
officers (elective), representatives in Congress and Unit-
ed States Senators, in July, 1902, by the Democratic par-
ty, has, met with universal commendation. Much com-
plaint has been made about the provision of the law re-
quiring the payment of poll-tax as a prerequisite to par-
ticipatiorL 'n a party primary election, and, as it is ap-


parent that this tax was not intended as a party measure,
I, therefore, recommend that this feature of the law be


For many years the question of prohibiting children of
tender years from performing manual labor in manufac-
tories hassi been considered in England, France and Ger-
many, and all the manufacturing Staters of our 6Avn
country. Heretofore, we have been enabled to look upon
this question at a distance, but irt; is now nearer, and, in
a degree, with us. In all other countries and States, after
thoroughly investigation and long experience, it its found
to be injuriouIs'1 to the mental and moral uplifting and the
material advancement of the children of immature age,
and, consequently, the people, and, therefore, should be
prohibited by law.
The end of good government is humanity; and, to my
mind, there could be no greater responsibility thrust
upon, or assumed by, a legislator than the proper protec-
tion of the youth of the land, the mental and moral ad-
vancement of those of immature age, and that i hiee first
step should be taken without further delay by the enact-
ment of a wise and just law on this subject.


Two years of official observation, in an effort to take
care that the laws! be faithfully executed, has impressed!
me more deeply than ever with' the necessity of having
more prosecuting officers in the Statet. Under our present
,system, the time of the State's Attorney is so taken up
with the court work from county to county that it seems
"ble to cast upon them more duties than they now
under the constitution and laws; and yet I find an
absolute want of prosecuting officers in all the matters
5 H.


arising before justices of the peace, and county judges,
embracing misdemeanors; and, therefore, it is next to an
impossibilityto enforce the laws of the Sat'ate. Therefore,
I urgently recommend a Constitutioinal amendment be
proposed creating a State's attorneyship for each Senato-
rial District, in order that our laws may be more fathi-
fully executed.


I recommend a Constitutional amendment be proposed
authorizing the imposition of a license tax cn all corpor-
ate franchises and tax on inheritance, gift and devises.


As stated in my former message on this subject, many
of the States Ihlave published in suitable book form a his-
tory and rooster of their soldiers engaged in the several
wars, with the record of each officer and soldier. Florida
has no such record or roster of her soldiers and sailors
wfhxo served in the war between the States, and I there-
fore, heartily recommend that a law be enacted authoriz-
ing an appropriation for the compilation and publica-
tion of a brief history and complete roster of all who
served in the war between the States enlisting from the
State of Floridaj.


Practical forestry has become a science, and has taken
a firm hold both here and in Europe. In Europe great
areas of barren land have been covered with trees, and
these are being preserved under trained supervision.
The general government maintains in the Agricultural
Department a Division of Forestry. This division gives
much study to questions Of forest fires, and their relation
to the farmers in ithe farming 'States and in the moun-
"tainous regions and demonstrates the necessity of proteo-


tion of our forest from fires. The division likewise gives
attention to their supply of lumber with the view of im-
proving the forest without sacrIficing the profit of the
lumberman, and also to the planting of trees in the tree-
less West, all of which is of incalculable value to the in-
terest of this country.
There are many reasons wthy our forests should be pro-
tected& The value of all their mineral products of this
country is less' than one-half that of our forest each year.
All of our field crops fall millions short of their yearly
product; yet their commercial value does not lie wholly
in the timber. Their effects on climatic conditions; the
perpetuity of springs and streams; on the crops and on
the health of the country are great. All things consid-
ered, profit, health and the future of the country should
have weight in the discussion of the plans for the future.
The turpentine industry of the United States has, from
its institution, been confined to the long-leafed pine belt
of the-United States, embracing the States of North and
South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana
and Florida. The foregoing States have permitted in a
large degree the destruction of their foTests by the tur-
pentine industry, followed by the saw mill man and the
forest fire. In the track of naval stores and lumbermen
there are only blackened stumps in these States to pit-
ifully tell the story of the past-of the beautiful land
left a ruined, worthless waste of extravagance. The past
is valueless, except as it teaches useful lessons for the
future. The turpentine men and the lumber men are de-
stroying their source of supply without resepict to their
own or to the sovereign welfare of the State, and the for-
est which looms ahead in seemingly exhaustless acres
now, will soon be in the condition of those of our sister
States, and should strongly appeal to you for protection.
In 1900 the total products Gf spirits of turpentine in the
United States amounted to 754,670 barrels, valued at


$14,660,235; 2,563,087 barrels of ro6in, valued at $5,129,-
268, and other products valued at $255,385; total $20,-
344,888. Th.ecapital invested in 1900 amounted to $11,-
847,495. Is not an industry o3f such magnitude as this,
worth the effort to preserve it:? Is it good business fore-
sight :to annihilate the source of all these millions? Is it
just tocowing generations that We should destroy, or per-
mit to be destroyed, these 'splendid forests withoGtt effect
to replace, them? In my opinion, they slhmild be protected
by the enactment of a law on this subject fixing the period
within which time trees .l'Liould be cut or "boxod", limit-
ing the size of the trees that' should be boxed, regulating
.the number of boxes per tree, and otherwise protecting
.our forests.


Under the constitutional amendments, ratified at the
:general election held on December 2, 1902, providing for
an additional judicial circuit, the power to redistrict
:the State and create an additional judicial circuit, as
therein provided for, being vested in the Legislature, I
beg to call to your attention to this subject, and I remom-
mend that the Eighth Circuit be created and defined.


I wish to emphasize the recommendation of the Hon-
orable Commissioner of Agriculture for the necessity of
the passage of a pure food law. An act was passed by the
Legislature of 1901 on this subject, but, after a careful
consideration thereof, it was deemed best that I should
withhold my approval upon the grounds stated. There
is no question in my mind now, and was not at that time,
that we needed such a law. The citizens' of our State have
a right to be protected against the unscrupulous manu-
facturer of food products, and, whether all the products
are deleterious ior not, they should be legally required to


be properly labeled and sold for what ;they are, not for
what they might be made to appear, or represent them-
selves, to be.


I also concur in the views expressed by the Commis-
sioner of Agriculture in hisi report, and urge that steps be
taken to cause a geological survey to be made of our


The State Chemist's report gives in detail the work of
his department and shows a large increase, in receipts,
and calls attention to urgent necessities, improvement of
his office building, equipment, etc. I concur in the views
therein expressed and recommend that an appropriation
be made to provide fGr the improvements requested. I
also recommend-
(a) That a law be enacted requiring an inspection of
food stmifs by the State Chemist, and ;that an inspection
fee be charged therefore.
(b) That a law b enacted requiring an inspection of
beer by the State Chemist, and that an inspection fee be-
chiarged therefore per gallon.
(c) Tha;t! a law be enacted requiring an inspection of
illuminating oils by the State Chemist, and that a fee be
charged therefore per gallon.
(cc) This will involve some questions of scientific
analysis and research, as, I am informed, some courts
have held that the safety of such oils is determined by
the flaish-test and not by the specific gravity test, for the
reason that a specific gravity test is a, test of quality
rather than a test of safety. I recommend that a law
be enacted requiring an inspection and branding of such
oils as to quality as well as to safety, in order that the


people may have full knowledge of the kind of article
"used or offered for sale.
(d) That a law be enacted requiring the inspection of
gas by the IState Ohemast, and that a fee be charged there-
for per foot.

SThe Supreme Court having declared the statute, chap-
ter 4648, Laws of Florida (which provides that the Board
of County Commissioners in each county in whicb there is
a company or battery of Stat'e troops shall provide each
company or battery with an armory, etc.) unconstitutional
al, declaring that the military arm of the government is
"essentially and necessarily a Statie institution;" there-
fore, it follows that the State should provide suitable
armroies for meetings and drills of the State troops and
the safe storage of arms and equipment.
I had occasion, wltile the troops were stationed at Jack.
sonville during the month of May, 1901, to test their
promptness and efficiency and to observe their behavior
and I am proud to add my approval of their splendid
conduct and services, and to extend my grateful appreci-
ation t'o the officers who codm'manded the troops at Jack-
sonville and to the enlisted men for the willing, prompt-
ness and the capability with which they performed the du-
ties assigned them, which were so frequently of an
ardous and trying nature. I desire to compliment
Coll. W. A. MacWilliam;s, Acting Adjutant-Gen-
eral, and the commander, Col. C. P. Lovell, for distin-
guished services rendered by them during the military oc-
cupancy of Jacksonville. I also wish to express the grat-
itude of the people of Florida to the Navy Department
of the United States, and to Captain F. J. Mitchell, com-
manding, for the splendid services rendered by the two
sections of seamen and marines from the U. S. Revenue
Cuters Forward and Hamilton during the military occu-
pancy of Jacksonville.


The high rank which the Florida State troops have at-
tained and their usefulness and efficiency, is attested by
those in a position to know best. In the resolutions
adopted by the executive committee of the Jacksonville
Relief Association, dated June 15, 1901, which, in part,
are as follows:
"The executive committee of the Jacksonville Relief
Association desires to record its appreciation of the ser-
vices rendered to this city in its hour of distress by the
Florida State troops, and the able militia, under their
able commander, Col. C. P. Lovell, who was also efficient-
ly assisted by the officers and sailors of the U. S. Revenue
Cutters Forward and Hamilton. As upon the occasion
of any widespread disaster to any community, the lawless
element is always present and is prompt to take advan-
tage of the inevitable confusion incident thereto to set
the civil law at defiance and commit depredations
"* ** the military arm is indispensable to
maintain order The troops while here
preserved excellent order and gave the security to our
people which could have ben derived from no other
source. *
"We desire to express our sense of the value of the
State and local organizations and trust that they may be
fostered and encouraged in every legitimate manner."
Your especial attention is invited to the report of Col.
W. A. MacWilliams, Acting Adjutant-General, which
"gives in detail the record of the services and conduct of
the Florida State troops which were ordered to Jackson-
ville during the night of May 3, 1901, when I was in-
formed by wire of the Cevastating fire which that day had
visited the city of Jacksonville, destroying two-thirds in
value of the property of the city.
In the AdjutantGeneral's reports for the years 1901-
1902, transmitted herewith, will be found statistical data
relative to the military stores issued to this State for the


use of its organized militia, showing the condition in
which he found the property upon his assumption of the
duties of the office; pointing out the responsibilities that
attach tothese stores that are furnished by the United
States and charged to the State; that, unless this proper-
ty is accounted for in the manner prescribed by law,
its money value may be charged against the State
and deducted from any moneys due the State from
the United States; that he found such a charge against
the State of $11,400.00 value of property that could not
be located or accounted for, because no regular system of
reporting upon property had heretofore been employed;
that he has prescribed new forms for property returns,
which have been adopted and issued for use, and the offi-
cers are gradually being brought to realize the import-
ance of making a rigid account for all stores entrusted
to their charge. His work is important, not only from
the valuable property that is entrusted to his custody
and distribution and keeping, but the military arm of the
government is essential to the enforcement of the law,
the prevention of riots, etc., and should be maintained.
The volume of business transacted by all of the State de-
partments, as previously referred to, is constantly in-
creasing with the growth and advancement of the State-
and such is the case in the Adjutant-General's depart-
ment and work.Unless the affairs of his office are neg-
lected, a vast amount of correspondence is re-
quired to build up and maintain an effective and credita-
ble military force. Hundreds of applications for mili-
tary records of soldiers who served in our several wars,
requisitions for evidence of disease and wounds con-
tracted and received in service; requisitions for copies of
commissions issued; for information as to filing claims
for pensions, and claims which have been filed, and innu-
merable other inquiries come to his office, beside the
many invoices of military stores and properties received
from the United States, which demand careful and pains-


taking investigation and satisfactory replies; the distri-
bution, each year of thousands of dollars worth of cloth-
ing, quartermaster's supplies, ordnance and ordnance
stores which have been received here and reshipped to
their final destination entails an enormous amount of
clerical work as well as manual labor; the various prop-
erty, money, drill and efficiency reports received from
the various officers of the State troops must be examined
by him, corrected and adjusted through correspondence
and a record made thereof. There are commissions and
discharges to be recorded and issued; enlistments to be
recorded and filed; requisitions for stores, funds, blank
forms, etc., to be recorded and filed, and endless other
details of office work to be done. A somewhat detailed
report of these items will be found in his report; the
number of letters received, the number of letters written,
discharges, enlistments, requisitions, commissions and or-
ders granted, which will serve to give some idea of the
volume of the business of the Adjutant-General's office.
Through the coming year the work of his office will again
be materially increased; the passage of the Dick bill and
the appropriation of two million dollars, in addition to
the regular appropriation of one million dollars for arm-
ing and equipping the militia will mean that during the
year 1903 there is to be issued to this State military stores
to the value of $55,131.13, which is 46,634.40 in excess of
what has ever heretofore been apportioned to Florida in
any one year. These stores will have to be distributed
through the Adjutant-General's office.
I consider the present salary of the Adjutant-General
inadequate, and that it is physically impossible for him
to perform the duties of his office withuot clerical assist-
ance; therefore, I recommend that his salary bb increased
as in your judgment may seem meet, and that he be pro-
vided with a competent clerk.
I further recommend that an appropriation be made to
provide for the armories necessary and for an encamp-


ment. I a7.o recommend that a new military code be
adopted, so framed as to carry into effect in this State
the provisions of the militia bill adopted by the Congre.s
of the United States.


Under and in pursuance of Chapter 4849, Laws of 1899,
authorizing and directing the Governor to appoint ex-
pert examiners to examine the books, records and ac-
counts of State officials, as of date the 31st of December
of the year preceding the session of the Leigslature, I
appointed Messrs. J. A. Cox, J. T. Stewart, F. L. Robert-
son, Johii R. Willis, Carlos Sistrunk, Lewis W. Zim, John
P. Cobb, Donald Patterson and James Duncan, and their
report is transmitted herewith.


As will be observed from the report of the State Board
of Health and .the State Health officer, the health of our
citizenship during the past two years has been excellent-
the best of any health record of any State in the Union.
In his report, the health officer states "that a well ad-
ministered system of sanitary supervision of the popula-
tion is an indication of intelligent legislation, and the
contributing factor in the growth of any community; that
the wealth of the State lies in the healthfulness of the
people." In this I heartily concur and bespeak for the
people of Florida the same efficient service in this be-
half as has been the splendid record of the past.
In my message to the Legislature of 1901, I called at-
tention to the then existing conditions as presented to
me relative to the maritime quarantine stations, which
had been located upon government property under a tem-
porary license revocable at the pleasure of the War De-
partment. Soon after that message was prepared the
War Department gave notice of the revocation of licenses
at two or three places where our stations were located. I


stated at that time that I had reached a firm conlcusion
that the State should not sell its plant or quarantine sta-
tion at Mullet Key, or lease or surrender its control to the
general government; that when the State yielded its pow-
er to control entries of infected vessels to our ports, it
yielded the power and the right to protect the citizenship
of Florida from epidemics. This conclusion has been
A decision was rendered by the United States Supreme
Court on this subject during the year 1901, to the effect
that the State's power to control entries of infected ves-
sels'to our ports was supreme. Therefore, I withdrew
my objections to the sale of the maritime quarantine
plants, as it appeared more practicable to dispose of them
to the government than to remove them from the govern-
iment reservations and operate them elsewhere.
The negotiations are set out at length in the report of
the State Health Officer, and the total amount received
from the government under the appraisement of said
property, is $51,050.00. The warrants for said amounts
were made payable to me, Governor, and President of
the Board of Commissioners of State InstitutionQ xwhob
joined in the transfer of said property-the title to said
property having vested in said board, under the constitu-
tion. The Legislature of 1901 directed that, when the
,money was received for the quarantine plant at Pensa-
,cola the same should be transmitted by the State Board
,of Health and the county commissioners of Escambia
county, etc., which was, upon receipt thereof, promptly
,done. The remainder, $31,050.00, was turned over to the
:State Treasurer, under resoluiton of the Board of Conm-
mnissioners of -State Institutions, to be held in the State
property fund for legislative disposition. I recommend
that this balance be turned over to the State health fund.



The receipts of this fund for the year 1902 were:
From a half-mill tax..... ................. ..$46;513 66.
From sale and redemption of tax certificates.. 3,529 24
Balance on hand Dec. 31, 1902............... 662 fT

Making a total of ........................$50,705 5T
The expenses for the State Board of Health for
the year 1902 were ......................$29,176 97
Leaving in the Treasury ................... 21,528 60:
State property, if so directed............... 31,050 00
This is gratifying to note, as it provides an emergency
fund for the use of the State Board of Health without in-
creasing the village or burden of taxation.


The advantage of good roads, and the saving to the
people with the increased value of the lands as a result of
them, and the great convenience to the traveling public,
is apparent to all Floridians. The general government
has established a bureau, with a director and other em-
ployees, that are furnished machinery and implements of
the modern mechanism to experiment throughout the
country in road improvement. These experiments have
been of great value to the people generally, and several
counties of this State have established a local system of
permanent and substantial road improvement. The steel
(road) track is being used with success in.many places
where material for macadamizing is not obtainable. All
agree upon the necessity of such improvement, and it is
left for the Legislature to devise some plan, and adopt a
law, to put such plans in operation for the'establishment
of permanent uniform good roads.
It is my opinion that the boards of county commission-
ers of the various counties should be empowered to raise
by taxation, the necessary funds to establish and main-


tain a policy of permanent road construction upon plans
and specifications adopted by the Legislature, after con-
Ssulting with skilled and experienced engineers in such
work. Under our form of government I believe the pow-
Ser to raise money for local purposes should be vested in
those empowreed and burdened with the responsibility of
expending it. I fail to see any good reason for the State
to become a party to handling the money. It must be
raised by taxation and the distribution is expensive and
is fraught with danger of an unequal return and distri-
bution, as is now the experience in other funds to be dis-
tributed. Therefore, I recommend that.a law; be enacted
""establishing a uniform system of road improvement out-
"-side of the incorporated cities and towns, prescribing the
kinds of material that must be used in such work, defin-
ing a standard road, in width, convexity, depth of bed,
etc., as may be recommended and found to be necessary
for the establishment and maintenance of a permanent
road bed, to be approved and accepted by an engineer be-
fore the money should be paid out of funds raised for
this purpose.


"The Legislature of 1901 r appropriated, by Chapter
5062, approved May 7, 1901, $20,000, or so much thereof
as shall be necessary * * for the relief of the
city of Jacksonville * required the Comptroller
to draw his warrant on the Treasurer for said sum of
in favor of the Governor, who shall apply the funds as he
shall deem best."
Upon the approval of this act, I appointed Senator C.
B. Rogers, the Hon. J. C. L'Engle:and the Hon. N. B.
Broward a committee to handle and apply the funds un-
der the provisions of this act-they being the senator
;and representatives from Duval county in the Legisla-
Sture-which change they kindly accepted. Under my di-

reaction, $10,000 was transmitted by the Treasurer to this:
committee, which sum was turned over by the committee
to the Jacksonville Relief Association, which was subse-
quently organized under the auspices of the Board of
Trade of Jacksonville; and the following is a copy of the-
receipt of the Jacksonville Relief Association for the-
$10,000 so expended:
No. 642. Jacksonville, Fla., May 20, 1901.
Received of State of Florida by J. C. L'Engle, N. B..
Broward, C. B. Rogers, Committee, Ten Thousand Dol-
lars for the relief of sufferers from the fire, May 3d, 1901..
(Signed) A. M. IVES,
Treasurer of Jacksonville Relief Association.
The remaining $10,000 authorized under Chapter 5062,.
was not drawn, and, therefore, remains in the general rev-
enue of the State. Your attention is invited to the report
of the committee transmitted herewith.


The fourth biennial reports of Messrs. R. W. Williams,.
Louis C. Massey and John C. Avery, commissioners for
the promotion and uniformity of legislation in the United
States, appointed by the Governor under authority of
Chapter 4447, Laws of Florida, is transmitted herewith.
It will be observed, from their report, that the confer-
ence of the commissioners of Uniform State Laws, held"
a 12th annual conference at Saratoga, N. Y., in August,
1902; that many matters of great importance received
consideration, and are now in the hands of committees,
and that a bill to be entitled "An Act to Establish a Law
Uniform with the Laws of other States Relative to Insur-
ance Policies," which will be presented to the Legislature
with the recommendation from the commission for its
adoption; that an act on sales is being drafted and will
probably be ready for consideration at the next conifer-
ence. Your attention is specially invited to this report,.


showing the work that is being accomplished by the com-
missioners. I also call your attention ,to the financial side
of the duties imposed upon the commissioners who go out
to perform this valuable service for the State. They not
only have their traveling expenses and hotel bills to pay,
but are called upon to defray incidental expenses of print-
ing the minutes and reports, the payment of clerk hire,
postage, etc. I recommend that an appropriation be
made commensurate to the duties devolving upon the
commissioners, covering their expenses and incidentals.


The national democratic platform demands arbitration
as a mean's to settle questions of dispute between employ-
er and employee. A national calamity has doubtless been
averted by the appointment! of a Board of Arbitration by
the (Republican) President, in the coal regions;
thus, uniting as it were the wisdom of both national
political parties' to the plan of arbitration to adjust and
settle such questions. This is an important subject. It
has been clearly demonstrated that new conditions have
arisen that have not been provided for by law. Wrongs
have been inflicted and there is no legal remedy provided.
This should be done. Not only are employers and employ-
ees interested in this question, but the public at large,
who are third party at interest, and who have rights, that.
should be protected. This subject is well worth careful
consideration, and any law which will aid in bringing
about peaceful and prompt settlement of labor disputes
should be heartily encouraged, and will be a step in the
direction of establishing 'better relationship between
capital and labor.

In this day of advanced civilization, of high develop-
ment, of quick movement and keen competition, too much
attention cannot be given to the development of the high-


est physical and mental capacity of the' youth of our
State, and to the training of both hands and minds to
the highest possible point of each individual capacity, not,
only that the individual may receive personally the
greatest possible benefits from his talents, but that the
State may be safe-guarded in its integrity, and its suf-
frage not be prostituted by ignorance to venal ends.
We have just cause to be proud of our progress in edu-
cational matters, when we look backward to 1876 and
see the situation as it was then, and as it is now; then a
systemnaisorganized and moneyless; now a smoothly run-
ning, well endowed and generously supported system, mov-
ing like a perfect machine toward a higher destination.
Still, we are far from the realization of our hopes, far
from what we should be, but that's not the fault of wish
or the design, but of lack of time and facilities to com-
pass the end sought. States have assumed the function
of education as one of their most sacred duties. Florida
has lived up to her self-imposed task to the very best of
her ability; that the State has discharged her educational
obligations faithfully and successfully is shown by the
low per cent. of illiterates among the whites as compared
with other Southern States, as shown by the census of
1900. The percentage in North Carolina was 18.8; in
Louisiana, 18.0; Tennessee, 14.0; Kentucky, 14.0; Ala-
bama, 12.2; Virginia, 12.1; West Virginia, 11.9; Arkan-
sas, 10.4; Texas, 8.6; Florida, 8.4, and Mississippi, 8.2.
But one Southern State is lower than Florida.
The report of the State Superintendent of Public In-
struction shows that the school population of Florida be-
tween the ages of six and twenty-one years, in 1902 was
161,421; of these 112,384 were enrolled. The average at-
tendance was 46,283 whites, and 29,881 negroes, making
72,164 as the average attendance. There were last year
(1902), 1,818 whites schools, and 652 negro schools, with
2,402 white and 854 negro teachers employed in the State.


The average number of days taught was 94, and the
average salaries of teachers $34.14 1-2; of white, $39.96,
of negro teachers, $28.33 per month. While the country
schools rarely ever run longer than four months, many
counties ha-ve their high schools (some have several) with
an eight or nine months term, open to people from all
par-t of the county. There are, in addition to these, in-
stitlionii of higher education in our State. An examina-
tion cf thle cld;cntiona] tables of the census report for
1900, .1:.es F;lorida in a flattering light, and it is espec-
ially -o vwhen he e many difficulties under which she has

oallb -I are lal;:.u into

c( cnsieration.

Vir'ginia. ...........
Noth crolina.. .
South Carolina...
Georgia ..........
Florida ..........
Kentucky .....
Tennessee ........
Alabami .......
Mississippi ......
Louisiana. ........
Texas ............
Arkan as ........

It (-
, -


7.I ^

1. 27
i. ."-)

1- ;-


$ 9.70

From the "i .-v, it will be seen that

Florida stood in

the second pLce in the percentage expended per popula-
tion, Texas being two per cent. ahead, and that Texas
was the only Southern State ahead of Florida in the
amount expended for each pupil attending school last
year (1902). Florida expended $11.57 per pupil. In the
number of days taught Florida is third on the list, hav-
6 H.




$ 57.31




ing 69.7 days to her credit. This grows out of the fact
that country schools generally have shorter terms. Many
of them are small to begin with, and the absence of a few
scholars reduces them so they cannot be maintained. In
the cities, towns and thickly populated settlements the
school terms extend to 120 and 160 days or 6 and 8
The number of schools is not an evidence of school pro-
gress. On the other hand, it is often a demonstration of
deficiency. The small school, with its different ages and
grades cannot hope to compare in progress with the
larger schools where the grades are under the manage-
ment of a special teacher, devoted to that particular
grade. I would, therefore, suggest the adoption of the
plan that prevails in some of the other states, and is be-
ing introduced in some of the counties in Florida-the
consolidation of the small schools and the free transpor-
tation of pupils living beyond a certain distance, to and
from the school each day. By this means better schools
can be maintained and for longer terms. It will require
fewer teachers, and the teachers can do more satisfactory
work if each had a particular department to look after,
and a specific duty to perform. It will enable the county
school boards to pay better salaries, and thus secure bet-
ter teachers, those who are teachers by profession and not
teachers teaching for a .brief time to bridge over an occa-
sion. At the same time it will enable the school boards
to economize by cutting down schools and school ex-
penses. T would also urge upon counties the adoption of
the free school book system. Where tried it has* been
found to work admirably, and, if generally adopted, it
would save thousands of dollars every year to the people
of the State. The purchase of school books is a heavy
drain on the resources of the people, and it is especially
hard on that portion of the population who need every
dollar they can make and whose children are most in need
of school facilities. I doubt not that the lack of books
and the inability to get them have kept many bright boys

and girls out of school, and deprived them of an educa-
tion. It is no more charity or paternalism to provide
these books than it is to provide wall maps, charts, desks
and seats. It is simply an economic business proposi-
We have a number of private schools of high grade and
several colleges and State institutions splendidly equip-
ped for the work laid out for them; but the mass of the
people must look to. and depend upon, the public schools
for education. It is, therefore, the bounden duty of the
State and the counties to apply every means at their com-
mand to make these schools as nearly perfect as possible.
It appears to to me that a definite course of study should
be established, defining what studies should be required
of a student before entering a high school or a State col-
lege; also, what should be required in an examination for
a first, second, and third grade certificate for teachers, in
order that the students and teachers may be better in-
formed of what is, required of them, that greater uniformi-
ty may be established in our school system, and that all
schools should embrace a thorough course on the duties
and privileges of citizenship. It is an important duty to
provide proper public schools, and each county should
provide for one high school, at least. Therefore, Irecom-
mend that a law be enacted requiring that at least one
high school, centrally located, shall be established and
maintained for eight months in each county; that the Su-
perintendent of Public Instruction by and with the ap-
proval.of the State Board of Education, be authorized to
prescribe from time to time a course of study for, and
rules and regulations for admission to the high schools
and colleges of the State, and also to define and establish
the requirements necessary for an applicant seeking a
first, second or third grade teacher's certificate, and such
other requirements and provisions as may be deemed best
for the interest of the public schools of the State,



The report of the Commissioner of the General Land
Office, dated Washington, D. C., July 1, 1902, shows the
total number of acres of vacant United States land (in
each county) in Florida, subject to homestead enry at the
United States land office at Gainesville, to be only
1,433,314 acres. An exa minationa of that list reveals the
fact that, in the portions of the State where the lands are
generally good farming lands, there are but few acres
subject to hoImestlead entry. A closer inspection shows
that the few remaining acres are valueless for algricultu-
ral purposes, and are only valuable for timber, naval
stores and grazing purposes, which can be utilized' in
large tracts only, and thus the homestead I'law operates
against settlement, instead of for settlement, as was in-
tended by its framer. The United States land in the
State may be acquired by the actual settler under the
homiucstcead laws of the United States only. Of the
1,433,314 acres still remaining unoccupied, fully two-
thirds of it is so remote from transportation that, with-
out such inducement as can be offered by the timber,
which, alone, gives value to much of the land, it will never
be within the reach of transportation, and will conse-
quently remain unoccupied and unproductive for an in-
definite period. If these lands were placed in the hands
of the State for educational purposes, the State could,
and would dispose of a large percentage of the acreage
at a fair compensation, either for the. standing timber or
grazing purposes, thus turning what is now an expense
into revenue-producing property to the development of
our resources and the great aid of public education. I
would, therefore, respectfully suggest that a memorial be
addressed to Congress asking that 'the 1,433,314 remain-
ing acres of the public domain of the United States, lying
in Florida, be granted to the State, to be disposed of for
the use and benefit of the public school fund.



From a careful study of the history of our State and
its wonderful development and progress, there seems to
have been no question that has caused greater research
and effort on the part of my predecessors as far as back
as the territorrial Cays, and almost continuously since,
than the pr :omi of drainage and reclamation of the
swamp and -rflow:e lands of our State. This question
was dicrss,: as of national importance as early as 1835
by men of national character, position and reputation. It
was 'the paramount q e:iion with our first Senators in
the Congress of the United States, which culminated in
the acts of Congress granting to the State the swamp and
ov-rCow.ncd lands in 1850, which was, in turn, granted by
the h to the t ins',e of the Internal Improvement
Piurd, ir-evcacbly for the purpose of aiding in the drain-
age :n: reclaation, of the aIn!?s of the (ch:raerl desig-
r.nt: as "'-, n .d- Or'we." You must admit
th.t, o,.t i1.tiK ig Tr ,Os efforts have been put
forth to solve thi- pc;roble i, itis t)lday the paramount
question fi.e ti, piop, of Fl0rila, and is of sufTient
imporitanl to invite the attention of the. law makers of
the rt ion1 to neoCm'ili-h what ithe f:;'efi,., provided
for. .i.ii]hu'- ing' the co.em n'.ii-.ly large nereage
of lr.:, ,grant-l by the gereoral government to the State
of Fl!:.i;a; for the -purpses mentin-'it, it has been a
gigantic underfvt.ling-. e that will- req e imerequi im, at
skill *and a l,,ge sum of availablee money to carry out. We
muIst lelit'' e that the aerenge of lands gram i1 have not
beci availabH1e. Thny have not been available nor s ala-
ble for the r 'rn that they are of th:e ct1;mih a6er of land
ldesigflated as '"1.wainpm and Overflowed," not tillable and
without ci.i):melrcial value; and, therefore, it has been im-
possible to utilize such ;linds to drain and reclaim them-
selves; and thus the Slate has been placed in the attitude
of the man who undertook to lift himself, and, so far,
has been almost as helpless in accomiplising the task.


The everglades of Florida cover an area of about four
thousand square miles, embracing more than one-half of
that portion of the State south of Lake Okeechobee.
"Little effort has been made to drain and reclaim this
large area. One great difficulty in the way of reclama-
tion has been the uncertain condition of the title thereto
-no patent having been issued by the United States gov-
ernment to the State of Florida, confirming the grant of
the swamp and overflowed lands under the act of Con-
gress of 1850. It has been held by decision of the Inte-
rior Department of the United States that the depart-
ment retained jurisdiction over the titles to all lands
granted under said act of Congress until the patent had
been issued and delivered to the Governor of the State,
and that any orders or approval by the department of
any list of land numbers was subject to revocation and
cancellation by the department at any time before the
issuance of patents, without notice. In 1897 the Swamp
Land Department prepared, examined and approved list
No. 87, embracing 2,942,000 acres, which list was ap-
proved by the Commissioner General of the Land Office-
also by the Assistant Attorney-General for the Interior
Department and the Secretary of the Interior, and regu-
larly transmitted to the Land Office in Florida, which
only awaited demand for the issuance of the patent.
Soon after the transmittal of said list, the attention
of the Secretary of the Interior was called to the proba-,
ble effect the issuance of this patent would have upon
the supposed interest of the Seminole Indians in Flori-
da, sulgtesting that the Indians might have some rights
in the premises that had not been considered; whereupon
the Secretary of the Interior suspended the order approv-
ing said list, and appointed Major Duncan, as Indian In-
spector, to visit the everglades and inspect the condition
of the country as to the character of the lands, rights of


the Indians, etc., and, upon his report, a survey was or-
dered of a portion of said lands, which resulted in an ap-
peal being taken from the findings of the Commissioner
of the General Land Office, which was sustained by the
Secretary of the Interior, and the approved list, No. 87,
was canceled and revoked by the Secretary of the Interior
as of the date of May 18, 1898. The Land Office of Flor-
ida was not informed officially, formally, or otherwise,
or any of the proceedings which resulted in the revoca-
tion and cancellation of said list No. 87, and it was as-
sumed that the lands therein embraced remained subject
to patent to the State of Florida whenever proper re-
quest was made for such patent. With a view to perfect-
ing the State's title to these lands, I proceeded to Wash-
ington on the 21st day of March, 1903, and was then for
the first time advised of the rulings above stated, which
had been made subsequent to the issuance of the original
list of 1898. A new list was then prepared, in accord-
ance with the rulings of the Secretary of the Interior,
embracing the same territory as that embraced in the
former list (No. 87), except that thirteen 40-acre tracts
(520 acres) were eliminated as Non.Swamp Land," to-
gether with the sixteenth sections that had been erron-
eously embraced in the former list-said sections having
been granted under act of Congress of 1845 for school
purposes, and the patent has been obtained for the lands
embraced in said list, aggregating 2,862,280 acres.
The subsoil of that vast region is coraline limestone.
Upon the surface of this, which is very rough and irregu-
lar, lies an immense accumulation of alluvial deposits
and decayed vegetable matter, forming a mass of soft
mud from three to ten feet in depth, that overspreads all
but a few points of the first stratum, upon which rests
a sheet of water, the depth varying with the rainfall, but
seldom greater than three feet; interspersed by numer-
ous, narrow and tortuous channels that form a kind of
labyrinth whose outlets present themselves in every direc-


tion-most. of them, however, terminating in impassable
barriers of grass, mud and sand. The difference of level
between the highest and lowest stages of water is from
two to three feet.
In the year 1855, Captain Lawson, First Artillery,
made two expeditions into the everglades; the first was
undertaken in _Jarch. After leaving Adam's Landing,
four miles from MiMani, the water at first was very shal-
low, but, in five milCe increa:es in depth to twenty inches,
so that canoes could be poled along instead of dragged.
The general direction is west; tlhroigh the route was ex-
tremely winining'and circuitous, so much so that at one
"time the leading roe va; ne-ary a mile in ad-va-nce of
the r.-ar one by the trail, and only fifty yards distant in
a direct line. At the end of the ei:htc-n miles it was
found that the usual cet-. to the we-vtward side was
imprl -ti ., ra.d no attet w- s made to go around to
the s'uh. Duhrirg the ,: ," d .n third days the water
became too shallow to i!:-t the canoes. On the fourth
day all lhe di:ni;nltii i%"se..I;, .breaks ocCurring two
and three lhuircd vyn ; in Lretl, g growth up with saw
grass, and ,ithot water.
At tlhe ei; of the i.:. the c.ri::a;id had reached a
:.-,i',t f:.'l-l- -hre miles, by the trail, and twenty-seven and
a half miles in a di:,et line from Adam's Landing' when
all progress was s.i;ed by a a of tall saw grass, ex-
tendi g as far as the eye :-old reach, with only a thin
sheet of wel,'r co-vei-g ti mass of Imu and sand. This
poiti is near the no thv. t -:orier of towns-hip fifty-three,
range thirty-six s-,rei, and east, if the lines were pro-
lL;onged; and :i-)o forty-five les south of- the southern-
most extremity of Lake (Cli-,echoLee.
Capntai n awson undertook a second expedition in the
month of June, at which time the surface water was
more than a foot deeper than before. Following the ori-
ginal direction, he-after six days of great exertion-
suncceded in reachirt' a point a few miles northeast of


Prophet's Landing, and about twenty miles southwest of
Lake Okeechobee. The edge of the Big Cypress was ap-
proached to within three miles, but it was impossible to
go nearer. The distan e, in a direct line, from Fort Dal-
las (Miami) to the place where the party turned back,
was fi-ty-three miles (by the trail, estimated at 120) evi-
dently the point, designated as Camp Sloan, on the Jef-
ferson Davis nmap, to which reference is made for a fuller
understand ding.
In DecCber, 1841, the conniad of M3ajor Childs
crossed in four days from Ft. Dallas to the roi'Pht's
and Y7axy I-Tae's l i-sI; (twenty mil-s- from Lake
Okeiien)b(e), and ie;r Fort h1-c.ki:forPd, and afterwards
f z .I '... ..
Arecro _d the evergh to Fort LK ihr~nlQ. Thir route
is a:. t lIve i i Ith of, an ;1 gen emly par alle to,
that of Ca-ptin DawP s. The In:ii gi., who .o.m-
panin" Captain D:' in Joe, 185, that the
country was ,greatly agd i: he had c-.:d it four-
teen years fe, a the ko were lggr and more nu-
mer1ous. l'->rs who lve rsi:ed on the :iaWi river
for ten or .tweo ye -rs', assert that the. g in. filling up
of l- Cv-r -s ] :; ;: very pareptible. The fling
Hup '.eanrs to have been greatest toward the n' ti and
west. The sothie torn portion, ali.ways coaining
imost V.'a i. The exce-pt from the memoir of the penin-
sular of Floria .(1841-55) is submitted to show the
sten1dy chlr:Te going on in th11't portion of the State.
Since the last exploration nearly fifty years have elapsed,
almost four ,-a of fur t.1n years. If f-m 1841 to 1855
the change was so great, w hat must have been the .changes
in the corresponding pe .ds since that time? The ever-
glades have b.c-en crosed an'l ]recrose many times and
in different diect a since, always with more or less. dif-
The few reports of surveyors and explorers added little
new infor nation a the everglades, until 1881 when
the State conlra ted with Hamilton Disston to drain a
large area of land bordering Lake OkM l:lobee and includ-


ing part of the everglades. In 1880-82 a line of levels,
was made by General Gilmore, under the direction of the
United States Senate, to discover a practicable route for
a ship canal across the peninsular. These and other
surveys by Col. Charles Hopkins, Major Wirts, V. P. Kel-
ler, J. W. Newman and others, established the altitude of
Lake Okeechobee "the head of the glades" at 21 to 23 feet
above tide level-the difference in levels being accounted
for by the different seasons at which the surveys were
made. A subsequent observation and examination, made
by W. H. Caldwell, assistant United States engineer, De-
cember, 1901, shows the level of the lake to be 20.12 feet
above mean low water level of the Gulf of Mexico. Lake
Okeechobee covers an area of 1,080,000 acres; the bottom
is hard sand and mud-water from five to ten feet in
depth, except in a few places of small dimensions, where
depth is 20 to 22 feet. There are four large islands in
its southern portion. These observations show that the
bottom of the lake, at the deepest point, is over nine feet
-saving these deep basins, of small area-above mean
low tide in the gulf. Accompanying this is a profile
showing the Kissimmee river and lakes, including Okee-
chobee, with their levels above tide water.
In this connection it is interesting and important to
speculate as to what would be the result were a ship ca-
nal cut through the everglades with its bottom level thir-
ty-nine feet below the bottom level of Lake Okeechobee.
What would become of the lakes that now make the pen-
insular so desirable? Would 4ot a canal of the'descrip-
tion proposed cut all the underground waterways and
destroy all the lakes? A profile of the surface of the
everglades, by J. W. Newman, civil engineer, is also sub-
mitted herewith. That the everglades can be drained
does not seem to be questionable, nor is it to be doubted
that the simple drainage would redound greatly to the
State,, but the inauguration of any project that would
exhaust the water from Lakes Tohepekaliga, Cypress,


:a, Okeechobee and others, and destroy them, de-
profound consideration.
Col. Charles Hopkins made a reconnaissance in 1883
Lake Okeechobee to Shark river. James E. Ingra-
made an expedition and crossed the everglades in
occupying twenty-two days. The reports of these
other confirm the early reports of the officers of
the army and navy as to the character of the soil,
water and the fertility of the land. The report
-.. James M. Kraemer, chief engineer of the Okeecho-
Drainage Company, made in 1886, says: "The sur-
his soil is at times exposed, and it is only during,
subsequent to, a heavy rainy season that it is possible
penetrate with a Igiht skiff, and then advantage must
taken of the natural drains of the vast area. If there
an absence of the dense saw grass, no difficulty
Experienced in traversing the country in any
A four foot reduction of the surface of the
of this region would be sufficient for. cultivation.
surface of. the lower glades is well elevated above
level, but, due to the rim of out-cropping lime-rock
g along the gulf and Atlantic borders, the waters
in a great measure impounded and retained at vary-
-*tions above the tide. Levels and measurements
at Lake Worth establish the surface of the fresh
of the everglades to be 10 feet above the tide wa-
SAtlantic, and that a canal 1,100 feet long would
lief to a vast area eastward. It would be entire-
feasible to cut the rim at frequent intervals and per-
the impounded waters to flow into the Gulf or At-
This would result in exposing great tracts of soil
practically valueless."
Gen. Thomas S. Jessup, writing to Hon. J. D. Westcott,
S. Senator, dated February 12, 1848, says: "From my
observation, when commanding the army operating
)illi iiy (Southern Florida) ten years ago, as well'
from reports made by, and information derived froaiw


iHtelligent oeicers who operated r-ear and explored the
everglades, and the large Lake Okeechobee north of them,
I have no doubt the glades are about 30 feet above the
level of the sea. The practicability of draining, I take
for g :1ted. The effect of the measure would be to re-
cl.,iin mni n hundreds of thousands of acres. without in-
cluding the bed, of the everglades, now subject to inunda-
tion for several monliths Jin the year. ere the surface
of the lake and the gl;?'c's lowered, these fine lands would
be ree:laii:e and would soon be converted into valuable
sugar pl t itions, as rich as any in the world," etc.
Prof. . W. Wiley, chief cheeist, U. S. Agricultural
Department, says (in the published report of the ere-
tary of Agrieunturna for 1 "1i) ": In regard to t
of the soil, it runs most curving at the edges of the
to fro71m nLften to sixteen feet. : It may be
then, with confi-i-ce, tf:at in the region of the
Okeehlobee the land whiI: I may be recovered for
purpl:;e has all the a:vantages of the climate of
The iman.fau:-, ure of ''p.,nar from the cane of this
may be poton ed w ith i .e t safety until the I
of Februi;y, and the months of February, March,
April :: .e of greatest nativity in sugr ,menufa.tre."
By reference to the profile ma.p'-, subnmitte' as
it will be seen that the norma! surf ae of Lake
bee is 2.42 feet above the mean low-water level of
Gulf of ,? xi:o, which is only sixty miles west, in an
line, and prac:tially the same height above the
ocean, 36 miles distant on the east. Draining the
and the evergildes are numerous rivers a ndi
beginning at the lower end of St. Lucie Sound, on
Atlantic, and ex:ending around the Southern c
of the peninsular to Charlotte- Harbor on the
follows: -Ialpatiokee, Jupiter and ITillshorough"
Ratones and Cypress creeks, West Fork and South
of Middle River, New river, South Fork of New
Snake river, Arch creek, Little Arch creek, Little


"river, Chi's Cut, Albahatchee river, Shark river,
I river, Fatsallehonetha river, Roger's, Chittahat-
Fatlathatchee, Alcatapachee and Lalpahatchee riv-
Wekiva Inlet, Gallivan, False-water, Malso, Cork-
and Caloosahatchee rivers, and five small unnamed
That fall into the Gulf of Mexico. From the
... of current and the number of these rivers, nota-
lriami, and the steady flow of water, it is evident
these streams have their source-not a spring
ise the quantity of water varies with the season)
a great reservoir. This being true, then the cutting
this barrier or reservoir wall, as suggested by
eminent' authorities quoted, would drain the water
the surface of this vast area and make it tillable
"in anywise endangering the water supply of
sections of the southern peninsular.

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Observant stock men, and other Floridians familiar
with the everglades, all concur in saying that the recla-
mation of this vast area is entirely feasible and that the
cost would, in comparison with the valu eof the redeemed
territory, be a nmere bagatelle. John Ic. Mizell, in a com-
munication addre.'sed t to, and, blished in, the Times-
Union, (niwspapeAi) January 2 1:;.2, says: "For a
more complete description, we will compare this wonder-
ful fori'ation to a large bowl with two rims; the inner
basin con:its. of Lake Okccholjee, a small inland sea
within itself. The nor-mjal condition of the glades proper
is rarely ever Ci-,e ed as to depths of water on the sur-
face, until the inner basin is taxed by its tributaries be-
y,-dl its ,eai:yi5 to jreieve it'-lf by the how of water
down the Caloosahatclhee river which loUws south into the
Gulf of -e:.-ic, except -iiuJh as I[ow.s to the east through
the n'rmirou-s small rivers ;nd .str i-msi into the A!tlantic.
All the sort streams on the Atlantic side have been pro-
duced in the iprehi:stric i:pIt by some extraordinary heavy
h'ad of water oveiv,'ing the inner ba.in, and bei:g una-
ble to force its wa down the Calon:abal:tee rive-, sought
the imo;t available place. to force its way to the eastward
across the outi-pr biat-in which has a narrow rock-rim in
most places within a fewc miles of the coast."
E-cvki.ilhai I,: i 1.in a report to the U. S. Senate,
June 1, lIS-, on the feasibility of drainiing the everglades,
used the valuable it formation conveyed in a letter writ-
ten by Gen. W. S. l arney, U. S. A., Jan. 23, 1812S: "Dur-
ing the P"miinile w.ar I was reeat-edly in the everg-ldes,
and on the rim or margin at different points, and'crossed
it from Miami to Shark river. Of the practicability of
draining them, I have no question. That such work
would reclaim millions of acres of highly valuable lands,
I have no doubt. My plan for doing the work would be
to dig a large deep canal from Okeechobee into the Caloo-
sahatchee, on the west side, and smaller canals from the
glades into the head of the Rattones, Little river, Arch
creek, Miami, Shark river and other otulets on both sides
of the peninsular.,I am satisfied that these canals and
drains, once opened, the glades would become dry * *
It is my opinion that it would be the best sugar land in
the South, and also excellent for rice and corn. It could,
in that latitude be made valuable for raising tropical
fruits-and it is the only region of the present Southern
States in which they can be raised. * I do

not know of a project that I regard as more calculated to
benefit the country than this* * * It affords
the Union the best kind of cultivated land that is wanted
to render us, to a great extent, independent of the West
Thus it will appear that, the drainage of the everglades
is entirely feasible and practicable, thus reclaiming 3,-
760,000 acres, a large percentage of which would be avail-
able, and the most valuable agricultural land in the
Southern States. Again, those who are now undertaking
to reclaim, in a small way, the most elevated tracts, and
utilize them by cultivating vegetables that grow and ma-
ture during the dryest season of the year, and of short
crop seasons, hazard their entire year's work and ex-
penses by undertaking to ,plant and grow crops in the
most selected spots undei present conditions, as the ex-
perience of the past few weeks bears witness. It is re-
ported that from seventy to ninety per cent of the entire
crop planted within this region has been destroyed with-
in the past month by high water, which is a, loss to the
citizenship of that portion of our State, and falling upon
those who are not able to bear the loss of their all,
amounting to more than a half million of dollars in value.
This of itself would justify the expenditure of an amount
necessary to complete in the drainage and reclamation
of the everglades to protect the small acreage already un-
der cultivation. This disaster only emphasizes the great
importnace of undertaking energetically and determined-
ly to reclaim this vast an d rich territory; and, therefore,
I recommend that the Congress of the United States be
memoralized for an appropriation of a million dollars to
this end.
In pursuance of Chapter4893, Acts of 1901, Law;s of
Florida (approved May 24, 1901), to provide for the
enlargement and repair f theCapitol buildingg" and
making an appropriation of $75,000 for such purposes;
directing that ithe GOvernor of the State, the Comptroller
and three other fit persons to be appointed by the Govern-
or, should constitute a commission to be known as the
"Capitol Improvement Commission," and for such com-
mission the Governor shall be the chairman. The persons
7. H.


ito be appointed shall be citizens of the ;State, and he taken
from different portions of the State; the Comptroller to
be Secretary of the Commission, making it the duty of
such commission to take charge of and direct the enlarge-
ment and repair of 'the capitol building of this State in
accordance with plans presented to the Joint Committee
of the Senate and House of Representatives by Frank P.
Milburn and recommended in the report of such committee,
and such commission to let ouit the work for such enlarge-
ment and repairs, and make all necessary contracts, in-
cluding the employment of such architect, and to see that
the work is completed according to such plans and the
specifications therefore, to be furnished by said architect,
etc. It will be observed that this act did not go into effect
until 60 days after adjournment of the Legislature, and
that on or about said date I appointed Messrs.
William A. Blount of Pensacola, Charles Mon-
roe Brown of Ocala, and Herbert J. Drane
of Lakeland, commissioners, and the com-
minssiion as constituted met Iproinptly and proceeded to
discharge the duties assigned it; employed Mr. Frank P.
Milburn, architect; caused to be prepared, under the Sup-
.ervision of the Capiitol Improvement Commission, plans
and specifications; advertised for bids and let out the
contract for such enlargement and repairs- to Mr. J. E.
"Parrish of Lynchburg, Va., who proceeded without delay
to fthe fullfiHlment to the entire satisfaction of the Capitol Improvement
Commission within the terms of his contract, and without
any additional compensation or expenditures on the part
of the.Capital Improvement Commission, as will more
fully appear in the report of the Capitol Improvement
Commission transmitted herewith for your consideration.
It will- be observed that in addition to the contract
with Mr. J. E. Parish for the enlargement and repairs
of the building proper that the Capitol Improvement
Commission entered into another contract for the install-
ation of a steam; heating plant for the entire capitol
building with Mr. Erbelding, who also completed his con-
tract in a manner entirely satisfactory to the Capitol Im-
provement Commission, and he was paid in full out of the
proceeds of the appropriation for the enlargement and re-
pair of the State Capital, as will more fully appear by the
report of the Capitol Improvement Commission referred


ito It will be observed from, the report that the; total
expenditures for the enlargement and repairs was $70,-
268.02, and that the total expenditure for the heating
plant wais $4,716.95, leaving a balance on hand, of the
$75,000 appropriated under said act, of $15,03.
Florida is one of the very few ;states that does not
possess a residence for its chief executive. It must be ap-
parent to everyone who has had an opportunity of exam-
ining into this question and who has considered the ne-
cessity of a modern home for the Sitate Executive, that
such a provision is not only desirable, but a necessity as
well. In presenting this subject I do not feel that the
same wil be visited upon me in any personal sense, and. I
am not unmindful of the responsibilities that an appro-
priaition to erect such a residence carries with it. Had I
been ambitious to in part manage the construction, of
public buildings; the experience of the past fifteen months
has been sufficient to satisfy that ambitica, aind yet I
would not have you urp erstard that I a,' :t perfectly
willing to assume the duties and responsiuilitte. Tll:tt
such an underltiaL'":g :i *',. JIt vwoUDl onsumiue ti
greater part .'f t !h rem I i jerof my I- in office e to
properly cstrt; r' '-e-ndence and have tbe grounds i.re-
pared and beautified. I am ambitious, to see Florida take
place in the front rank of !States where she justly belongs,
and this is one of the necessary adjuncts to such rank.
I do not advise an elaborate, expensive building, one that
would require more to maintain it than the salary of the
Executive would justify, or become a burden to the tax-
payers of Florida. I recommend an appropriation sof-
ficienc to purchase a lot and to erect a suitable residence
rfereon, to improve the lot and beautify the grounds and
to furnish the residence. I h ave soGght E.st:NIinl which I
cutsider a safe basis for the expenditures, which are as
Purchase price of lot. ....................... $ 4,000
Improvement, fencing and beautifying lot .... 1,000
Building .................................. 20,000
Furniture, fixtures etc.,..................... 10,000

Total ................................... 35,000



It will be observed by those interested in the subject
sufficiently to investigate the present crowded sftite of
the capitol building, that it will be but a short time 'hen
the legislature will be: called upon to provide further
room in which to transact ithe affairs of the State. At
present thie: Suipreme Court Library is in the basement,
and the State Library is without a home. Notwithstand-
ing the enlargement of ithe State house, the departments
are really -crowded at' this time, and there is a growing de
mand for the election for a suitable building for the Su-
preme court and its library. I invite your attention to the
growing demand.

SUnder the provisions of the Act of the Legislature of
1901, public buildings have been greatly improved.
TheState Capitol Building doubled in capacity '
:its extension, at a cost of about,.... .' .$ 75,000 00
The: Agricu'ltural College Plant at Lhke Oity
has added the splendid Science Hall, exten-
tensive repairs to dormitory and other build-
ings, 'amounting to ab6ut', i,:. :..... .. .. 70,000 00
And is greatly in need of additional buildings,
,especially a suitable .machinery hall.
The: Normal and Industrial" College (colored).
at !Tallahassee, has had two new buildings .
.erected ,at a cost of about... ...... ... .. 8,000 00
The -State Hospital Plant, for the Insane, at
Chattahoochee, has been added to by the
erection of one large building, one barn, and
remodeling buildings etc., to the value of
about ..... .......... .. ....... ... 15,000 00
The State Normal School 'at De Fiuniak
Springs, hasl added a gymnasium and other
buildings, water plant and other extensive
buildings, at a cost of about.. ....., 4,410 00
The, South Florida Military and Educational
Institute at Bartow, has been purchased' by
the State, thie college remodeled, a new heart-
ing plant installed and otherwise improved
at a cost of about .....,....,......... 10,000 00

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