Title Page
 Members of the House of Repres...
 November 1970


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Organization session
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mods:title Journal of proceedings of the House of Representatives of the Legislature of the State of Florida
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Politics and government
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Journal of the House of Representatives of the session of ..
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027772/00012
 Material Information
Title: Journal of the House of Representatives of the session of ..
Alternate Title: Journal of the House of Representatives, State of Florida
Journal of the House of Representatives of the State of Florida of the session of ..
Physical Description: v. : ; 23-32 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Legislature. -- House of Representatives
Publisher: State Printer
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: November 1970
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 Related Items
Preceded by: Journal of proceedings of the House of Representatives of the Legislature of the State of Florida
Succeeded by: Journal of the Florida House of Representatives

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page i
    Members of the House of Representatives
        Page ii
        Page iii
    November 1970
        Tuesday, November 17
            Page 1
            Page 2
            Page 3
            Page 4
            Page 5
            Page 6
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
            Page 10
            Page 11
Full Text

of the

house of Representatives


of the

[under the Constitution as Revised in 1968]

NOVEMBER 17, 1970




1 Roy L. Hess, Pensacoli
2 Gordon W. Tyrrell, PE
3 Tom Tobiassen, Pensac
4 Jim Reeves, Pensacola
5 Edmond M. Fortune, P
6 Henton D. Elmore, Cre
7 Jerry G. Melvin, Fort N
8 William J. Rish, Port S
9 Joe Chapman, Panama
10 R. D. Woodward, Jr., C
11 Wayne Mixson, Mariar
12 Miley Miers, Tallahass
13 Donald L. Tucker, Tall
14 Jack Burke, Jr., Perr3
15 Howell Lancaster, Tre
16 Eugene F. Shaw, Star]
17 Wayne Hollingsworth,
18 Hugh J. Grainger, Jr.,
19 Ted Alvarez, Jackson
20 Carl Ogden, Jacksonv
21 Bill Birchfield, Jackso
22 John E. Santora, Jr., J
23 John R. Forbes, Jack
24 Joseph G. Kennelly, Jr
25 R. El Dixon, Jacksc

Organization and Special Sessions 1970
[Democrats in roman (81); Republicans in italic (88)]
26 J. Wertz Nease, Jacksonville (R)
S(D) 27 Don Nichols, Jacksonville (D)
mnsacola (D) 28 Harry Westberry, Jacksonville (D)
(D) 29 Ralph D. Turlington, Gainesville (D)
LOOSA-WALTON- 30 Kenneth H. MacKay, Jr., Ocala (D)
NGTON 31 Bill Andrews, Gainesville (D)
stview (D) 32 L. E. Brown, Tavares (D)
Walton Beach (D) 33 James A. Glisson, Eustis (R)
"OUN 34 A. H. Craig, St. Augustine (D)
;t. Joe (D) VOLUSIA
City (D) 35 William R. Conway, Ormond Beach (D)
NT-GADSDEN 36 James H. Sweeny, Jr., DeLand (D)
uincy (D) 37 William M. Gillespie, New Smyrna Beach (D)
LLA-LEON 38 Eugene C. Mooney, Orlando (R)
ee (D) 39 Harvey W. Matthews, Orlando (R)
ahassee (D) 40 Bill Fulford, Orlando (D)
SON-TAYLOR- 41 Walter Sims, Orlando (R)
42 William D. Gorman, Winter Park (R)
r (D) 43 Lewis S. Earle, Maitland (R)
-HAMILTON-- 44 Robert C. Milburn, Winter Park (D)
V 45 William L. Gibson, Orlando (R)

nton (D)
ke (D)
Lake City (D)

Jacksonville (D)
ville (D)
ille (D)
nville (D)
racksonville (D)
sonville (D)
., Jacksonville (D)
mville (R)



John J. Savage, Redington Beach (R)
Mary R. Grizzle, Clearwater (R)
Roger H. Wilson, St. Petersburg (R)
Jack Murphy, Clearwater (R)
Ed S. Whitson, Jr., Clearwater (R)
A. S. Robinson, St. Petersburg (R)
Donald R. Crane, Jr., St. Petersburg (R)
William H. Fleece, St. Petersburg (R)
Dennis McDonald, St. Petersburg (R)

John R. Clark, Lakeland (D)
Larry Libertore, Lakeland (D)
Ray Mattox, Winter Haven (D)

58 Quillian S. Yancey, Lakeland (D)
59 Fred Jones, Auburndale (D)
60 Ed Blackburn, Jr., Tampa (D)
61 James L. Redman, Plant City (D)
62 Guy Spicola, Tampa (D)
63 Elvin L. Martinez, Tampa (D)
64 Julian B. Lane, Tampa (D)
65 T. Terrell Sessums, Tampa (D)
66 John L. Ryals, Brandon (D)
67 Paul W. Danahy, Jr., Tampa (D)
68 Richard S. Hodes, Tampa (D)
69 John R. Culbreath, Brooksville (D)
70 Tommy Stevens, Dade City (D)
71 Jack Shreve, Merritt Island (D)
72 F. Eugene Tubbs, Rockledge (R)
73 Jane W. Robinson, Merritt Island (R)
74 William E. Powell, Indialantic (R)
75 Charles Nergard, Fort Pierce (R)
76 Donald H. Reed, Jr., Boca Raton (R)
77 Jack M. Poorbaugh, Delray Beach (R)
78 Donald F. Hazelton, West Palm Beach (R)
79 Raymond J. Moudry, West Palm Beach (R)
80 Russell E. Sykes, North Palm Beach (R)
81 David C. Clark, North Palm Beach (R)


Dave Smith, Pompano Beach (R)
George Williamson, Fort Lauderdale (R)
George L. Caldwell, Fort Lauderdale (R)
William G. Zinkil, Sr., Hollywood (D)
Jon C. Thomas, Fort Lauderdale (R)
Joel K. Gustafson, Fort Lauderdale (R)
Van B. Poole, Fort Lauderdale (R)
Edward J. Trombetta, Fort Lauderdale (D)

90 Maxine E. Baker, Miami (D)
91 Richard R. Renick, South Miami (D)
92 George Firestone, Coral Gables (D)
93 Dick Clark, Coral Gables (D)
94 Lew Whitworth, Miami Lakes (D)
95 Murray H. Dubbin, Miami (D)
96 Gwendolyn S. Cherry, Miami (D)
97 Richard A. Pettigrew, Miami (D)
98 Talbot D'Alemberte, Miami (D)
99 Joe Lang Kershaw, Miami (D)
100 Walter W. Sackett, Jr., Miami (D)
101 Harold G. Featherstone, Hialeah (D)
102 Vernon C. Holloway, Miami (D)
103 Carl A. Singleton, Coral Gables (D)
104 Robert C. Hector, Miami (D)
105 Sherman S. Winn, North Miami (D)
106 Robert C. Hartnett, Miami (D)
107 George Ira Baumgartner, North Miami (D)
108 Marshall S. Harris, Miami (D)


Jeff D. Gautier, Miami (D)
Carey Matthews, Miami Beach (D)
Louis Wolfson II, Miami Beach (D)

112 Ted Randell, Fort Myers (D)
113 James Lorenzo Walker, Naples (D)

114 Fred Tittle, Tavernier (D)

115 John Harllee, Bradenton (D)
116 Tom Gallen, Bradenton (D)


Jim K. Tillman, Sarasota (R)
Robert M. Johnson, Sarasota (R)
Granville H. Crabtree, Jr., Sarasota (R)




Organization and Special Sessions 1970

Speaker-Richard A. Pettigrew
Speaker pro tempore-Eugene F. Shaw

Clerk-Allen Morris
Sergeant at Arms-Claude E. Wingate

_ I ______ _L I_ I


House of Representatives



Journal of the House of Representatives for the Organization Session of the Second Legislature convened
under the Constitution of Florida as Revised in 1968, begun and held at the Capitol in the City of Tallahassee,
in the State of Florida, on Tuesday, November 17, 1970, being the day fixed by the Constitution for the

Under Rule 3.1, Allen Morris, Clerk of the preceding Session
delegated the duties of temporary presiding officer to Repre-
sentative Ralph D. Turlington, former Speaker. Mr. Turlington
called the House to order at 10:00 A.M.
The following certified list of Members elected to the House
of Representatives was received:
I, TOM ADAMS, Secretary of State of the State of Florida,
do hereby certify that the following Members of the House of
Representatives were elected at the General Election held on
the 3rd day of November, A. D., 1970 as shown by the election
returns on file in this office:


1-Roy L. Hess, Pensacola
2-Gordon W. Tyrrell, Pensacola
3-Tom Tobiassen, Pensacola
4-Jim Reeves, Pensacola
5-Edmond M. Fortune, Pace
6-Henton D. (H.D.) Elmore, Crestview
7-Jerry G. Melvin, Fort Walton Beach
8-William J. "Billy" Rish, Port St. Joe
9-Joe Chapman, Panama City
10-R. D. (Bob) Woodward, Jr., Quincy
11-Wayne Mixson, Marianna
12-Miley Miers, Tallahassee
13-Donald L. Tucker, Tallahassee
14-Jack Burke, Jr., Perry
15-Howell Lancaster, Trenton
16-Eugene F. Shaw, Starke
17-Wayne Hollingsworth, Lake City
18-Hugh J. Grainger, Jr., Jacksonville
19-Ted Alvarez, Jacksonville
20-Carl Ogden, Jacksonville
21-Bill Birchfield, Jacksonville
22-John E. Santora, Jr., Jacksonville
23-John R. Forbes, Jacksonville


24-Joseph G. Kennelly, Jr., Jacksonville
25-R. Earl Dixon, Jacksonville
26-J. Wertz Nease, Jacksonville
27-Don Nichols, Jacksonville
28-Harry Westberry, Jacksonville
29-Ralph D. Turlington, Gainesville
30-Kenneth H. MacKay, Jr., Ocala
31-Bill Andrews, Gainesville
32-L. E. "Gene" Brown, Tavares
33-James A. Glisson, Eustis
34-A. H. (Gus) Craig, St. Augustine
35-William R. Conway, Ormond Beach
36-James H. Sweeny, Jr., DeLand
37-William M. Gillespie, New Smyrna Beach
38-Eugene C. Mooney, Orlando
39-Harvey W. Matthews, Orlando
40-Bill Fulford, Orlando
41-Walter Sims, Orlando
42-William D. Gorman, Winter Park
43-Lewis S. Earle, Maitland
44-Robert C. Milburn, Winter Park
45-William L. Gibson, Orlando
46-John J. Savage, North Redington Beach
47-Mary R. Grizzle, Clearwater
48-Roger H. Wilson, St. Petersburg
49-Jack Murphy, Clearwater
50-Ed S. Whitson, Jr., Clearwater
51-A. S. (Jim) Robinson, St. Petersburg
52-Donald R. Crane, Jr., St. Petersburg
53-William H. Fleece, St. Petersburg
54-Dennis McDonald, St. Petersburg
55-John R. Clark, Lakeland
56-Larry Libertore, Lakeland
57-Ray Mattox, Winter Haven
58-Quillian S. Yancey, Lakeland


59-Fred Jones, Auburndale
60-Ed Blackburn, Jr., Tampa
61-James L. Redman, Plant City
62-Guy Spicola, Tampa
63-Elvin L. Martinez, Tampa
64-Julian B. Lane, Tampa
65-Terrell Sessums, Tampa
66-John L. Ryals, Brandon
67-Paul W. Danahy, Jr., Tampa
68-Richard S. Hodes, Tampa
69-John R. Culbreath, Brooksville
70-Tommy Stevens, Dade City
71-Jack Shreve, Merritt Island
72-F. Eugene Tubbs, Rockledge
73-Jane W. Robinson, Merritt Island
74-William E. Powell, Indialantic
75-Charles "Chuck" Nergard, Ft. Pierce
76-Donald H. Reed, Jr., Boca Raton
77-Jack M. Poorbaugh, Delray Beach
78-Donald F. Hazelton, West Palm Beach
79-Raymond J. Moudry, West Palm Beach
80-Russell E. Sykes, North Palm Beach
81-David C. Clark, North Palm Beach
82-Dave Smith, Pompano Beach
83-George Williamson, Fort Lauderdale
84-George L. Caldwell, Fort Lauderdale
85-William G. Zinkil, Sr., Hollywood
86-Jon C. Thomas, Fort Lauderdale
87-Joel K. Gustafson, Fort Lauderdale
88-Van B. Poole, Fort Lauderdale
89-Edward J. Trombetta, Fort Lauderdale
90-Maxine E. Baker, Miami
91-Richard R. Renick, South Miami
92-George Firestone, Coral Gables
93-Dick Clark, Coral Gables
94-Lew Whitworth, Miami Lakes
95-Murray H. Dubbin, Miami
96-Gwendolyn S. Cherry, Miami
97-Richard A. Pettigrew, Miami
98-Sandy D'Alemberte, Miami
99-Joe Lang Kershaw, Miami
100-Walter W. Sackett, Jr., Miami
101-Harold G. Featherstone, Hialeah
102-Vernon Carlyle Holloway, Miami
103-Carl A. Singleton, Coral Gables
104-Robert C. Hector, Miami
105-Sherman S. Winn, North Miami
106-Robert C. Hartnett, Miami

107-George Ira Baumgartner, North Miami
108-Marshall S. Harris, Miami

109-Jeff D. Gautier, Miami
110-Carey Matthews, Miami Beach
111-Louis Wolfson II, Miami Beach
112-Ted Randell, Fort Myers
113-J. Lorenzo Walker, Naples
114-Fred Tittle, Tavernier
115-John Harllee, Bradenton
116-Tom Gallen, Bradenton
117-Jim K. Tillman, Sarasota
118-Robert (Bob) M. Johnson, Sarasota
119-Granville H. Crabtree, Jr., Sarasota

GIVEN under my hand and the Great
5 Seal of the State of Florida at Talla-
,.'?'*^ 4hassee, the Capital, this 12th day of
November, A. D., 1970.

Secretary of State

Prayer by The Reverend Henry Tuttle of the Plymouth
Congregational Church of Coconut Grove:
Almighty God, by whom alone this assembly confers
together and legislates for the people of this State and from
whom alone comes all genuine counsel, wisdom and
understanding, we, Your unworthy servants, here gathered
together in Your Name, do most humbly implore You to
share with us Your wisdom, and to direct and guide Your
servants who sit as representatives of the people in this high
assembly. Grant, we implore You, that they may be so
influenced by the example of devoted law givers and
prophets and by the selfless love of Your Son, that they
may lay aside all private interests, prejudices and partial
affections so that the result of that which they accomplish
together may be done to the glory of Your Name, the
maintenance of justice, the safety, honour and happiness of
the people and the protection of the public wealth, peace
and tranquility of the State. Unite and knit together, if
You will, 0 God, the hearts of all persons and interests
within this State in true love and charity toward one
another in order that those good things which are precious
amongst us may be preserved for the enjoyment and
benefit of generations yet unborn; and that our society
may bravely and honestly face together the demands of this
present age and find common, reasonable and just solutions
to the honor of our priceless heritage and Your Holy
Name. Amen.

The Members pledged allegiance to the Flag.
Introduction of House Physician
Mr. Turlington introduced Dr. Sanford Mullen from Jackson-
ville, who was serving at the Clinic for the day.

Oath taken by Members
The Members, as shown in the certified list from the
Secretary of State, came forward and took the Oath of Office
prescribed by the Constitution of the State of Florida from
Justice J. C. Adkins, Jr., of the Supreme Court.
A quorum was present.

Election of Speaker

The Chairman announced nominations now would be received
for Speaker for the two years commencing today.

November 17, 1970


Remarks by Mr. Nichols
Representative Nichols nominated the Honorable Richard A.
Pettigrew for Speaker with the following remarks:

Mr. Chairman, before I nominate the next Speaker of the
House of Representatives, I would like to speak for a moment
on personal privilege. Mr. Chairman, I truly love this House and
these Halls, and these Chambers and the tradition that has been
a part of the House of Representatives, and each of you, my
fellow Representatives. You know there is a bond that binds
you and me together in purpose and in friendship that many
people would not understand, and yet you and I understand it.
We may disagree among ourselves over policies and procedures
and yet the overall togetherness of working for the best
interests of the people of this state, is the motive of each of us.
I appreciate what each of you has meant individually and
collectively to my own life, and to the life of this House of
Representatives, and I thank you for the priceless privilege of
serving and working and knowing each one of you and I pray
that we will continue to work constructively and forcefully for
the best interests of all the people of this state.

And now, Mr. Chairman, I am honored to place in nomina-
tion as Speaker of the House of Representatives, the name of
Richard A. Pettigrew.

Mr. Chairman, prior to the recent election campaigns there
was one man who was speaking and actively working for
Democratic unity so that the needs of his party and of the
state might be met. That man who spoke and who actively
sought unity within this state was Richard A. Pettigrew. Our
next Speaker, Dick Pettigrew, will continue to work for unity
and harmony in this House, and within this governing body,
and also in close cooperation with the Chief Executive of this

To wear the mantle of leadership, men have always had to
pay a price. Leaders must be out front, and they are the
perennial targets of those sharpshooters of discontent who place
ambition above party and sectionalism above the interests of
this state. Now, Dick Pettigrew understands the price of
leadership, and he has been out front leading the fight for unity
against those who thrive on meaningless divisiveness and
factious name-calling.

Dick Pettigrew has been tried and tested in the fiery furnace
while working in the vanguard of legislative leadership and his
record speaks more eloquently than the shrill cries of provincial
negative attacks. Mr. Chairman, each of us is aware, because of
our struggles in becoming leaders in our respective localities,
that for evil to triumph it is only necessary for good men to do
nothing, and I am thankful that Dick Pettigrew is a do-
something leader, is a say-something leader, and is a be-
something leader, and he'll get the job done for this House of

Mr. Chairman, it is no accident that you and my fellow
legislators are here today, and it is no accident that Dick
Pettigrew is in a position to enable him to provide the dynamic,
imaginative, and creative leadership which this state needs, and
the people's standards of excellence demands. Shakespeare once
wrote, in speaking about leaders of vision, "There is a tide in
the affairs of men, which taken at the flood, leads on to
fortune. Omitted, all the voyage of their life is bound in
shallows and in misery." Dick Pettigrew is the pilot who will
keep us out of the shallows. Dick Pettigrew is the leader who
will keep us out of the miseries. Dick Pettigrew has shown that
he can provide the leadership necessary to steer this House ship

through dark channels and through the thunder and lightning of
natural conflicts. An old poet, Robert Frost, hauntingly spoke

November 17, 1970

and served as State President of the Young Democrats.

In 1963, Dick was first elected to serve in this Florida House
of Representatives. I think you know, as well as I, his record of
accomplishments here on this floor, and in this House. Dick, I


of our commitment to ourself and to the people when he said,
"The woods are a lovely dark and deep, but, I have promises to
keep, and miles to go before I sleep, and miles to go before I
sleep." Dick Pettigrew has promised, and will fulfill this
promise that this will be a productive legislative session, and the
fulfillment of that promise lies in his inherent respect for the
diversity of opinion, where there is mutuality of purpose. Every
governing body, to be effective, must have a leader who
understands how to lead. The effective leader and the just
leader, must be filled with strength, fairness, honesty, and with
a true heart for recognizing the legislative capacity of each of

Every family, to be well run, needs a father, and every house,
to operate best, needs a head. This House family needs Dick
Pettigrew at its head, and therefore, Mr. Chairman, in the
interest of unity, in the interest of this House, and in the
interest of the people of the state of Florida, I nominate for
Speaker of this House of Representatives, Richard A. Pettigrew.

Remarks by Mr. Sessums
Representative Sessums seconded the nomination of Mr.
Pettigrew for Speaker with the following remarks:

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen of the House. During our
lifetimes, each of us is privileged to know a limited number of
truly outstanding, exceptional people. Dick Pettigrew is such a
person. I am honored to second his nomination as Speaker of
our House.

I first had an opportunity to meet Dick when we were
classmates at Kirby Smith Junior High School in Jacksonville
more years ago than I really care to count. Then, and even
later, when we were both classmates at Andrew Jackson High
School in Jacksonville, Dick constantly demonstrated a very
unique, unusual combination of talents and abilities. He was on
one hand, a very able athlete. He was also one of the top
scholars in our class. He served as well as one of our real
leaders, and as President of our Class all the way through
Senior Class, when we graduated. Later we went to the
University of Florida together, to continue our education, and
Dick continued to build an extremely impressive record of real
accomplishments. At the University, Dick continued to be an
outstanding student first, making exceptionally high grades in
the more difficult courses that he chose to take. He was active
in the life of his social fraternity. He was active in student
government. And on the University of Florida campus it's
sometimes said that the highest honor that can come to a
Florida man is to be selected or tapped for membership in
Florida Blue Key. After he was recognized arid had become a
member of the University's Hall of Fame, Dick was selected for
membership in Florida Blue Key, and then later, he was
selected by its members to serve as President of Florida Blue
Key. He left his university career with almost every honor that
it was possible for a Florida man to obtain.

Later, after a career in military service, where he was an
Intelligence Officer in the United States Air Force, Dick
started, like many of us, as a young professional man in the
practice of law in Miami in Dade County. Although Dick had
not grown up or previously lived in this area, he soon made his
mark there as well. He was selected to serve as President of the
Junior Bar Section of the Dade County Bar Association, later
became President of the Dade County Young Democrats, then
went on to continue his involvement and concern in politics,


believe, here has won almost every honor and every recognition
that is possible for any Member of this House to win. He was
recognized by members of the working Press, as an outstanding
Member of this House, and repeatedly nominated for and won
the St. Petersburg Times Award for the Outstanding Member of
this House. He was then selected and recognized by his
colleagues as an outstanding Member when he won the Allen
Morris Award.

I think, during all the course of Dick's career though, I have
been impressed by the fact, that Dick is not what is commonly
spoken of as a political opportunist. Dick rarely follows the
political course of least resistance. Dick has constantly been
loyal to the very best that he knows, and he has followed the
dictates of an active, keen mind and a very sensitive conscience
wherever it leads. As our Speaker, I am fully satisfied that
Dick will place the interest of our state, and the interest of our
people above any selfish or personal interest, and I am pleased
and honored today to second the nomination of my friend,
Dick Pettigrew, for Speaker of this House.

Remarks by Mr. Fortune
Representative Fortune seconded the 'nomination of Mr.
Pettigrew for Speaker with the following remarks:
Mr. Chairman and Members of the House, today is not an
ordinary day, but is a very significant day for our state, our
legislature and the people of Florida. We select from among us
an individual who will choose the course, and together we will
set our sails to great destiny for the coming two years.

I arise, with great pleasure, to recommend to you an
individual whom I have worked with through many a legislative
session and who has demonstrated his many attributes as an
American, Floridian, and a good Democratic legislator. Our
nominee is not just another Democrat, but he is a dedicated
Democrat. He has answered the call of our party many, many
times, at great personal sacrifice. His acceptance and conduct in
managing several state-wide campaigns demonstrate his devo-
tion in building a greater, stronger party in Florida. He has a
unique ability and quickness to apprehend the problem and the
capability to act wisely. Courage is deeply ingrained in every
fiber of our nominee. He is impatient with the status quo, but
thrives on action. From his state-wide exposure, and his many
years of service in the legislature, he is knowledgeable of the
needs and the desires of the citizens of Florida. There exists
within Dick Pettigrew the willingness to work with this
Legislature for the people of Florida. D as in dedication, I as in
intelligence, C as in courage, and K as in knowledge, are among
Dick's many attributes.

Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote, "The great things in this world
are not so much where we are, but what direction we are
moving." It is true we have come from somewhere, and we are
going somewhere, that somewhere under Dick's leadership will
be a state of progress. I can, without reservation, recommend to
you as our next Speaker of the Florida House of Repre-
sentatives, Dick Pettigrew. Mr. Chairman, I therefore second
the nomination of Representative Dick Pettigrew.

Remarks by Mr. Dubbin
Representative Dubbin seconded the nomination of Mr.
Pettigrew for Speaker with the following remarks:

Mr. Chairman, Members, Guests. In the 1960's there devel-
oped a crescendo of concern by people in our Country who
believed in meaningful State Government but who were
distressed by the apparent direction State Government was

following-concern about a growing deterioration of our states
as well as their reasons and purposes for existence.

Dick Pettigrew, early in his legislative career (early 1963)
demonstrated his awareness of the problem and dedication to
the restoration and strengthening of the governments of the
states. Through his vision and through his efforts he has
become established not only in Florida but throughout the

United States as one of the nation's leaders in the renaissance
of state government. Dick has unquestionably proven himself to
be one of the creative political thinkers of our time in our state.

Perhaps of greater importance and greater impact, Dick has
established himself as possessed of great moral courage and, as
has been said of one of our great presidents: "moral courage is
a rarer commodity than bravery in battle or great intelligence.
Yet it is the one essential, vital quality for those who seek to
change a world that yields most painfully to change."

Ladies and Gentlemen, it is with a great deal of pleasure that
I rise and second the nomination of the next Speaker of the
House, Dick Pettigrew.

Remarks by Mr. Savage
Representative Savage nominated the Honorable Donald H.
Reed, Jr. for Speaker with the following remarks:
Thank you Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen of the
House. We're very fortunate today because I think Florida has
finally come of age politically. For a long, long time, we in the
minority party have felt that we should take this action and
you today are part of creating a new tradition in Florida
politics and Florida government. And I think it is a good
thing-I hope this tradition continues and that from now on,
we will sharply delineate the roles that the majority and
minority parties play in our government. I think it is rather
unusual today that the man I'm about to nominate and the
nominee of the majority party both came to this Legislature in
Now, I have no illusions that the majority party is going to
vote for my nominee, but just think of the intriguing idea and
the enchanting thought when the history of Florida is written
and we turn to that page that deals with the 1970 Organiza-
tional Session of this House and the election of the Speaker.
Just think of the intriguing idea when you're speaking to your
grandchildren and you can say, "Ah, yes, I was a member of
that majority that put aside partisan politics and elected a man
of the minority party to lead the state of Florida." Now I
don't think that can happen here-or maybe, could it-could it
really happen?

I'm very serious in nominating a very fine Member of this
House for Speaker. He's a man whom I think has fulfilled his
role extremely well in this House. Because, you know, as
Members of the minority party, we have a double obligation.
We are not obstructionists, we're the loyal opposition. And we
do have the charge-we do have to examine what you do in the
majority party. We have to find the flaws, and we have to offer
remedies. And it's good that we have come of age in this state.
There's no doubt in the mind of any Member here who has
served with the Minority Leader of this House that he is an
able man. He's a man whom I've grown to respect-sometimes
he's tough in debate on the floor, but this is what we need.
Certainly in the debates we have had in the House, he has
livened them up a great deal.
You know this Legislature got an award last year for being
one of the most outstanding Legislatures in the country. We
think that we in the minority contributed a great deal to that
award, and we think that our leadership helped do this.

Now I'd like to nominate a very fine man, a man who has
worked hard, a man whose ideas have been translated into

November 17, 1970


accomplishments in this Legislature, a man who's done an
excellent job in fulfilling his role, a man that I wish you would
change your mind about when we vote on this, a man that I
think could lead us to even greater heights than we have
accomplished so far. And it's with a great deal of pleasure, a
real deep-down pleasure, that I nominate the Honorable Don
Reed for the Speaker of this House of Representatives.
Remarks by Mr. Tillman
Representative Tillman seconded the nomination of Mr. Reed
for Speaker with the following remarks:
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen of the House, Visitors and
Guests. It is indeed an honor for me to have this privilege of
seconding the nomination of the Honorable Don Reed for
Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives. I've been
privileged to serve two terms in this House of Representatives.
I've come to love it, these chambers, what it stands for, all of
its Members. This, I think, is the greatest fraternity in the state
of Florida, as you new Members will soon find out.

I've also been privileged to know Don Reed as Minority
Leader during these two terms. I've known him to be a man of
high moral character, honesty, and integrity-a man above
reproach who many, many times has displayed his great
leadership and unflinching courage by rising to the occasion to
lead this House in a bipartisan fashion in the passage of much
important legislation.

As Minority Leader of the House, Don Reed has also, many,
many times, shown great courage and dedication, devotion to
just causes by shouldering his responsibilities as Minority Leader
in a manner that would always bring esteem to himself and his
party and to this House of Representatives.

Don Reed is the kind of man all Floridians can be proud of
and look up to. He is the quality of man that all of us here
today would be proud to have lead us as our Speaker during
the often trying, hectic, and great times ahead of us in shaping
the history of this state. Don Reed is a strong, fair man-truly a
great man of great purpose. And I am very proud to second the
nomination of the Honorable Don Reed for Speaker of the
Florida House of Representatives.

The Chair appointed Representatives Nichols and Savage as

When the votes were cast for Speaker, the result was:


Clark, Dick
Clark, J. R.


Matthews, C.


Representative Pettigrew was recorded as voting "present"

Clark, David


H.W. Robinson, A.S.
Robinson, J.W.


Representative Reed was recorded as voting "present"
Mr. Pettigrew was declared the duly elected Speaker for the
next two years.
On motion by Mr. Walker, Representatives Nichols, Sessums,
Fortune, Dubbin, and Lancaster were appointed by the Chair-
man as a committee to escort Mr. Pettigrew and his wife and
daughter to the rostrum.
The Chairman presented the Speaker's wife, Ann, and their
daughter, Jill. Mrs. Madge Moorehead, Mrs. Pettigrew's mother;
Mrs. James Ingersoll, the Speaker's sister; and Mr. and Mrs. Bob
Pettigrew, brother and sister-in-law, were introduced.
Judge John J. Crews of the Eighth Judicial Circuit and
former Member of the House administered the Oath of Office
to the Speaker.

The Speaker was then presented by the Chairman to the

Election of Speaker Pro Tempore
The Speaker announced nominations now would be received
for Speaker pro tempore for the two years commencing today.
Remarks by Mr. Harris
Representative Harris nominated the Honorable Eugene F.
Shaw for Speaker pro tempore with the following remarks:
Thank you Mr. Speaker. Mr. Speaker, fellow Members, Guests.
During the course of the nominations for Speaker, you heard
the state of Florida and this Legislature very aptly described.
First, the state of Florida described as expanding, as needing a
powerful leadership; and secondly, this Legislature described as
having developed into one of the outstanding Legislatures in
this entire nation.

I say this particularly to 34 of you who are new in this
chamber today-that you have a great deal of work cut out for
you. We did not become an outstanding Legislature by
accident. Particularly during the speakerships of Ralph Turling-
ton and thereafter, under Fred Schultz, this Legislature put in
long and hard hours in changing the image of state government
so that it could be responsive to the people who elect all of us.
In the course of doing this, we have not only changed the
image of the Florida Legislature, but we have as well changed
the role that each and everyone of us is asked to perform. We
have most meaningfully changed the role that the Speaker is
asked to perform. For the Speaker is asked now to undergo an
enormous amount of pressure and responsibility such as
previous Speakers were not subject to.

In the last ten years, the mode of operation of this chamber
and indeed of the Florida Legislature is the difference between
night and day. As a result, the role of Speaker pro tem has
likewise changed. And as this Legislature has responded more
and more to the problems of the people of the state of Florida,
and as the Speaker has taken on additional responsibilities, the
role of Speaker pro tern has constantly expanded. First in the
tenureship of Speaker pro tern Lorenzo Walker and, thereafter,

November 17, 1970


under Terrell Sessums, this office has continually expanded; and
under Eugene Shaw, whose name I place in nomination today
for Speaker pro tem, I suggest that it will expand even further..
The Speaker pro tem is now to the point where he must
not only be a capable presiding officer, not only be a
person who represents to the people of Florida the second in
command, but he must realistically be in fact the second in
command of the Florida House. He must be charged with the
responsibilities commensurate with the title so that he can lift
from off the shoulders of the Speaker a great deal of the
burden that is now the Speaker's under our revitalized state
government. I personally can think of no one who can fulfill
this role better than can Eugene Shaw.

Gene represents a geographic portion of the state not
represented by our Speaker. He comes from the northeastern
part of the state just as Dick comes from the southeast. He
represents a different type of setting, a more rural setting, just
as Dick represents a more urban setting. He also represents, in
many regards, differing viewpoints all within the broad ambit of
our Democratic party. And so it should be, because this
leadership, if it is to be truly a leadership for the benefit of all
the people of Florida, should be representative of all those
people. I cannot personally think of a single Member of this
House who would be a more artful complement to Dick
Pettigrew than Gene Shaw. He has served ably and I will not
dwell upon his many accomplishments, leaving something for
those who care to second the nomination.

Suffice it to say that in an age of rapid change and increased
pressure upon all of us and particularly upon our Speaker, we
will in this chamber need a person who can meaningfully
perform the roles of Speaker pro tem, expand them and be a
second in command, a man who can help in the leadership of a
truly valuable democratic team. I therefore, with great pleasure
and pride, rise to nominate the Honorable Eugene Shaw as
Speaker pro tempore for the ensuing session of the Legislature.

Remarks by Mr. Gillespie
Representative Gillespie seconded the nomination of Mr.
Shaw for Speaker pro tempore with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker, Ladies and Gentlemen of the House. I rise to
second the nomination of Eugene Shaw of Starke, Florida as
Speaker pro tem for this coming session of the Legislature. I've
known Gene Shaw for many years, long before he became a
Member of the House of Representatives, but I was impressed
with him most at the caucus in 1966 of the Democratic Party
in St. Augustine when the vast majority of the Members present
were freshmen House of Representatives Members. It was there
that Gene Shaw first demonstrated true leadership ability-even
then as a freshman. As we went on to the many special sessions
of 1967-68, we again saw the development of Gene Shaw as a
leader. He emerged as the spokesman for the massive freshman
class that came into the House at that time; and again, Gene
spoke for all the members of that particular party. Ladies and
gentlemen, I want to ask you to take a look at the particular
attributes that are necessary to fill the office of Speaker pro
tempore. Just exactly what does a Speaker pro tern do? He
must relieve the Speaker at all times and all occasions. He must,
therefore, have a deep knowledge of the rules of procedure of
the House of Representatives. Gene Shaw is that type of man. I
served with Gene Shaw on the Subcommittee on Consumer
Protection in the last two years of this House, and he ably
presided over that committee at its many hearings held
throughout the state of Florida; and I assure you he commands

the respect of all people who come before him. The Speaker
must have a strong right arm, someone he can depend upon,
someone he can turn the gavel over to whom he knows will

E OF REPRESENTATIVES November 17, 1970

preside over the House in a proper manner. Gene Shaw knows
the rules of procedure of this House, he knows the way to
handle this House, he knows how to get along with the
Members of this House, and gentlemen I, therefore, place in
nomination the name of Gene Shaw for Speaker pro tempore.

Remarks by Mr. Hartnett
Representative Hartnett seconded the nomination of Mr.
Shaw for Speaker pro tempore with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker, Ladies and Gentlemen of the House. In 1966, I
first came to this House and was sworn in at this podium. At
that time, there were some 76 other freshmen sworn in with us.
There are 33 of those now remaining serving in this House.
Gene Shaw was elected president of that freshman class. We've
continued to see his leadership grow. When he first came
here-as you new freshmen will learn, you begin to develop
relationships with one another either through committee work,
social life, mutual interest of education or whatever-Gene
Shaw and I became friends and he told me a story which I
want to impart and share with you.

When Gene was first elected from Bradford County, he stood
up and was counted as a bright, capable young man and went
against some forces in that county that had long been in power.
In fact, he overcame those forces and was elected to serve those
counties. As Gene was reveling in the glories and the enjoyment
of having been elected to serve in the Florida Legislature, he
was in downtown Starke and a lady came up to him and looked
him square in the eye and said, "Eugene, do right, son, 'cause
you're all we've got." Well, he may be all they had, but he's
done that well as he has done well here in this Legislature.

And the role which he will now serve as Speaker pro tempore
is much like a military outpost. That military outpost must
have in it equipment to both be a receiver and a broadcaster.
Eugene Shaw will serve that role for this House of Repre-
sentatives and for you, each Member of the House of
Representatives, as both a receiver when you need to be heard,
and a broadcaster when you need a message to be told. It is in
that spirit that I second the nomination of Eugene Frazier
Remarks by Mr. Murphy
Representative Murphy nominated the Honorable John J.
Savage for Speaker pro tempore with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker, Ladies and Gentlemen of the House, distin-
guished Guests. I rise to nominate for the office of the Speaker
pro tempore the Honorable Jack Savage, a man that you all
know and a man I am sure you all respect. And, I might add,
incidentally, that he comes from the second most populous area
of the state, the central west coast of Florida.

I know that you all understand that this nomination that I
make in no way reflects upon the character and the abilities of
my good friend, the gentleman from Starke, Mr. Shaw. The
man that I nominate is respected on both sides of the political
aisle. I think a good indication of this is the fact that he has
run since 1966 without opposition from either political party. I
think that a good indication of this also is the fact that Mr.
Savage has served not only as a Member of this Legislature, a
senior Member, but he has also served as a Member of the
Kentucky Legislature. He, of course, as you know, is a man of
principle and a man of courage. He has served as the chairman

of a Committee in this House-the only republican to do
so-and that's the Standards and Conduct Committee. He is an
attorney, a member of the Bar, a dedicated family man, and, of
course, a respected House Member.


Mr. Savage could have been elected very easily to higher
offices had he chosen to do so. However, Mr. Savage loves this
House as I do, as we all do, and he is devoted to service here.
He respects this House and the Members of this House as the
Members of this House respect him. He is a proven leader in
the legislative branch of state government, he is a proven leader
in his home community, and he has gained more honors than I
could list here. I think that his philosophy, the philosophy that
he lives by, can best be summed up by his often stated
campaign statement that is, "If you think I've done a good job,
then vote for me. If you think that I haven't, then vote
otherwise." John J. "Jack" Savage is the kind of man we would
all like to be. I nominate the gentleman from Pinellas, Mr.
Savage, to be Speaker pro tempore of this House.

Remarks by Mr. Powell
Representative Powell seconded the nomination of Mr. Savage
for Speaker pro tempore with the following remarks:
Mr. Speaker, Ladies and Gentlemen of the House and
distinguished Visitors. I rise to second the nomination of Mr.
Savage for the position of Speaker pro tempore. In choosing a
man for a leadership role, we seek a man of outstanding
competence as a legislator, a man who will wield the authority
of his office with fairness, understanding, and compassion; a
man who recognizes the diverse viewpoints in this House and
attempts to unite them to achieve the highest common interest.
Jack Savage is such a man. He has distinguished himself in his
own profession and in this House. He is respected by all, not
only his closest political allies, but also those whose viewpoints
he does not share.

Others who have come to the well have spoken of the many
friendships we have gained in this House. I think above all any
Member of this House knows, and the newcomers should know,
that with Jack Savage, there is friendship, there is under-
standing-if you have a question or a problem, he is receptive.
He will work with you honestly whether he shares your
attitude, your viewpoint, or not. It has been a privilege for me
to serve with him and it is certainly an honor for me to second
the nomination of the Honorable Jack Savage from Pinellas
County for the position of Speaker pro tempore.

Presentation of Distinguished Guests

The Speaker acknowledged the presence of Attorney
General-elect Robert L. Shevin and Mrs. Shevin and then
presented Governor-elect Reubin O'D. Askew.

Remarks by Governor-elect Askew
Governor-elect Askew addressed the House as follows:

Mr. Speaker, and Ladies and Gentlemen of the House and
distinguished Guests. I have been hankering to speak from this
rostrum ever since I left the House, and for some reason or
another, as President pro tempore I never seemed to have made
it. But I cherish the service of my four years in the Florida
House of Representatives. I see so many faces that were here
even at that time and there may be some groups who may be
able to disown me from time to time, but there are an awful
lot of people in this room that are not going to be able to do it
any time soon, I hope.

I recognize fully the very strong feeling of the coordinate
branches of the government, the executive and the legislative,
and I'm also pleased to see a man who is one of my leaders
now in the judicial department, who has now all of a sudden

gotten that halo of the judiciary, but a man that not only is
making a fine judge, but a man that I think really, was one of

the most outstanding and competent legislators that ever served
in this body, and that's Judge John Crews, and also on a higher
level, Mr. Justice, (J. C. Adkins, Jr.) I'm glad to see you here
today, sir.

I didn't really intend to say anything, but I was privileged to
sit in for a while on the Senate organizational meeting this
morning, and I can assure you that I'm well aware that any
transition that transpires between the House and Senate is
purely a lateral one and not a vertical one. So I want to assure
you of my cooperation with you.

I congratulate Speaker Pettigrew, and I think your vote is
shortly forthcoming on Speaker pro tempore Shaw, and I think
you are fortunate to also have a man like Allen Morris helping
you, who over the years has made a substantial contribution to
the cause of good government in Florida.

I want so very much to be able to work with you, because I
recognize that if we are to do anything for Florida, it must be
done together, and even though I was privileged to serve in
both this body and in the Florida Senate, I'm very, very
mindful, again, of the independency of the branches of the
government. I hope that I shall never presume upon you and
I'm confident that if I attempt to, you will remind me of it,
but I am looking forward with a great deal of anticipation to
having a program. A program in which I will call upon you, and
seek out your advice and hopefully that you will do the same
to me.

I extend my congratulations to each one of you on your
individual elections, to the Democrats, and I might also extend
my congratulations to the Republicans, because as I have said
over and over throughout the campaign, while I have a very
strong commitment to help rebuild the Democratic party in
Florida, it is my full desire to represent every person in Florida
and to work with them, not only the majority in both houses
of the legislature, but also to work together in a spirit of
cooperation with the minority party in trying to fulfill all the
needs and solve the problems facing all of Florida.

I thank you again for this privilege to be able to share these
few moments with you. Thank you.

Continuation of Election of Speaker Pro Tempore

The Speaker appointed Representatives Harris and Murphy as
When the votes were cast for Speaker pro tempore, the result

Clark, Dick
Clark, J. R.


Matthews, C.


Representative Shaw was recorded as voting "present"


November 17, 1970


Clark, David
Crab tree

Grizzle Nergard
Gustafson Poole
Hazelton Poorbaugh
Johnson Powell
Matthews, H.W. Reed
McDonald Robinson, A.S.
Mooney Robinson, J.W.
Moudry Sims
Murphy Smith
Nease Sykes


Representative Savage was recorded as voting "present"

Mr. Shaw was declared the duly elected Speaker pro tempore
for the next two years.

On motion by Mr. Martinez, Representatives Harris, Gillespie,
Hartnett, and Martinez were appointed by the Speaker as a
committee to escort the Speaker pro tempore and his wife,
Betty Lou, to the rostrum.

The Speaker then presented Mrs. Shaw and their daughter,
Gina. Mrs. Frazier Shaw, the Speaker pro tempore's mother;
Mr. and Mrs. Lamar Shaw, brother and sister-in-law; and Mrs. J.
R. Wainwright, Mrs. Shaw's mother, were introduced.

Justice Adkins administered the Oath of Office to the
Speaker pro tempore.

The Speaker pro tempore was then presented by the Speaker.
Remarks by the Speaker pro tempore
Mr. Shaw addressed the House as follows:
Thank you very much, Mr. Speaker, Justice Adkins, Judge
Crews, Speaker Rowell and Speaker Turlington, distinguished
Guests, and of course, my most distinguished Colleagues of the
Florida House of Representatives. Today it truly is an honor
which you have bestowed upon me. I pledge to you that I will
do everything to serve this office capably and well and that I
will faithfully perform those duties that Richard Allen Petti-
grew might assign me. As we know, the Speaker pro tempore
job is nondescript. It has not in the past decades, so to speak,
been given any descriptive duties. But Dick has assured me that
he intends to assign me certain responsibilities within this
House. I'm looking forward to working closely with him.

In Miami, when I was nominated by the party to be their
nominee for Speaker pro tempore, I said then and I'll say again,
that I know of no man in Florida that I would rather serve
second in command with than Richard A. Pettigrew. I pledge to
him my full support, my loyalty in carrying out his program
and his wishes in the administration of this House. As I sat
where many of you sat in 1966 as a freshman, I too wondered
and thought to myself, what is a Speaker pro tempore. As a
matter of fact, I had difficulty pronouncing pro tempore and
really did ndt understand how to pronounce it until I was
nominated-I brushed up on it somewhat. But I'm thinking
about the day I first thought what could I best do in this role
as Speaker pro tempore, and I want to tell those of you who
have come here today as freshmen that I want to help be your
mentor or tutor and not to dictate how you vote but to assist
you in any way that I can in learning the awesome responsibil-
ities and duties that you carry and you have as members of this
You know, we're just passing moments really. This is an
institution and there will be other generations to follow us. We
have a proud institution and one that we must protect. It's
going to require continued progress on our parts, hard and
diligent work toward the accomplishment of many goals and
many objectives. I think the people of Florida spoke loudly and
clearly in November of this year, asking for new direction with

"OF REPRESENTATIVES November 17, 1970

progressive, thoughtful legislation and progressive and thought-
ful direction in our state government. I'm happy to be a part of
that team. I'm privileged to serve in the Legislature of Florida,
and I'm truly honored and grateful that you have elected me to
serve you as Speaker pro tempore.
Committee from the Senate
A committee from the Senate consisting of Senators Arnold,
Lewis, and Ware was received and announced that the Senate
was convened for the purpose of organization.

Election of the Clerk
The Speaker announced nominations now would be received
for Clerk for the two years commencing today.
The Honorable Allen Morrias nominated for Clerk by
Representative Gautier, which nomination was seconded by
Representatives Randell and Reed.
On motion by Representative Baker nominations were closed
and an unanimous ballot was cast for Mr. Morris as Clerk.
Mr. Morris was declared the duly elected Clerk.
Justice Adkins administered the Oath of Office to the Clerk.

Election of the Sergeant at Arms
The Speaker announced nominations now would be received
for Sergeant at Arms for the two years commencing today.
The Honorable Claude Wingate was nominated for Sergeant at
Arms by Representative Holloway, which nomination was
seconded by Representatives Dixon and Kershaw.
On motion by Representative Hollingsworth, nominations
were closed and an unanimous ballot was cast for Mr. Wingate
as Sergeant at Arms.
Mr. Wingate was declared the duly elected Sergeant at Arms.
Justice Adkins administered the Oath of Office to the
Sergeant at Arms.
Committee to the Senate
On motion by Mr. Conway, Representatives Conway, Cald-
well, and Reeves were appointed by the Speaker as a committee
to inform the Senate that the House was convened for the
purpose of organization. After a brief absence, the committee
returned and reported that the Senate was in recess and they
had informed the President of the Senate. The committee was
then discharged.

Introduction of House Resolution
By Representative Dubbin-
"HR 1-Org.-A resolution providing for the organization of the
House of Representatives during the Second Legislature under
the Constitution as Revised in 1968.

Be It Resolved by the House of Representatives of the State of
1. That the Rules of the House of Representatives adopted
for and during the Regular Session 1970 under the Constitution
of 1968, as amended, shall govern the House for the Organiza-
tion Session 1970 and thereafter with the following specific
exceptions and directions:

(a) Rule 6.1 is amended to read:
6.1-Beginning with the Organization Session, the Speaker
shall appoint the membership of these standing committees:

Agriculture and Citrus
Business Regulation


Community Affairs
Criminal Justice
Environmental Pollution Control

Finance and Taxation
General Legislation
Governmental Organization and Efficiency
Health and Rehabilitative Services
House Administration and Conduct
Manpower and Development
Natural Resources
Reapportionment and Elections
Rules and Calendar
Each Committee, except the Committee on Claims, shall
consist of not less than five (5) nor more than twenty-seven
(27) members, one of whom shall be designated by the Speaker
as Chairman and another as Vice Chairman. The Speaker shall,
ex officio, be an additional member of every committee. The
Chairman of the Committee on Claims also shall be known as
Coordinator of the Subcommittees on Claims.
Committees shall meet on the call of the Chairman; or, in his
absence, the Vice Chairman, or, upon the written request of
three (3) or more members of the committee to the remaining
(b) The Committee on Rules and Calendar, as appointed by
the Speaker under the authority of this Resolution, shall
propose permanent rules to the House for its consideration at
the Committee's earliest convenience.
-was read the first time by title. On motions by Mr. Dubbin,
the resolution was read the second time in full and adopted.
Address by Speaker Pettigrew
The Speaker addressed the House as follows:
I want to thank Justice Adkins and Judge Crews today for
their participation in this organization day. They have lent great
dignity to it and we deeply appreciate their taking their time to
be with us. We are honored by their presence and participation.

Reverend Tuttle, Justice Adkins, Judge Crews, former
Speaker Rowell, other distinguished guests, Members of the
House, families and guests. First I want to again take the
opportunity to express to each and every one of you my deep
and abiding appreciation for your selection of me as Speaker of
the House. I will do all that I can to justify the high trust you
have placed in me. I will not forget what those of you who
voted for me have endured in my behalf.

To those of you who have had other preferences, from time
to time, I now call upon you in the best interest of the
institution which we both serve, to give your cooperation to me
as Speaker of the House.

I have suffered defeats before and know their pain. If we
have the grace to be good winners and good losers, we can
succeed in bringing about a just and honorable settlement of
our disputes. Long after the time men forget why we disagreed,

what we do now-over the next two years-will affect our
society and the lives of our people-throughout the 1970's and
beyond. Let us join hands and let our best impulses reign.

We have great tasks to perform-because our society at large
is so deeply divided and more severely challenged than at any
time since the Civil War.

If we are to repair these deep divisions, we must rise above
our differences and initiate a new era of constructive coopera-

To the Senate of Florida, to the newly elected Governor, to
the Cabinet, I offer, in the same spirit, my full cooperation.
Nothing less will enable us to meet the challenges of the

Historians know that the great events of an age often go
unrecognized in their own time. Major inventions and dis-
coveries appear unnoticed on the scene. Major decisions are
ridiculed and rejected only to be acknowledged and honored by
later generations.

I think this is true of our time. We are living in the most
momentous and exciting time in the history of state govern-
ment. I am confident it will be recorded as a time of
renaissance-a time of reawakening state government-a time
when the Florida Legislature came of age.

Historians will look back on this as the time when, partly
because of reapportionment and annual sessions, and partly
because of the legislators the people sent here, we reshaped the
face of Florida government and assumed our constitutional
policy-making role.

Various officials have claimed credit for the state's recent
accomplishments. But the press knows and we know that our
new Constitution was finally a creature of legislative initiative.
Reorganization of the executive branch was done by the
Legislature. A massive program of educational funding, equaliz-
ing and improving the education program of every Florida
school child was developed. Major laws and constitutional
provisions to protect our environment were brought to life by
the Legislature. And so it goes .....

Every major change and advance in state government in the
last five years has had its origin right here in this rarely
understood and often maligned body of citizen-lawmakers, the
Florida Legislature. (And let me add that a remarkable part of
it started in this House.)

Assembled in this hall is the most experienced and most
talented Florida House of Representatives in the state's history.
Over two-thirds of our members are returning. We are veterans
of annual sessions, special sessions, confrontation tactics and
name-calling attacks. We have been hardened in the fires of
action. We are alert and tough. We will not be easily fooled or
misled by bureaucrat or lobbyist.

The days of amateur legislation, when lawmakers journeyed
to Tallahassee for 60 days every other year to face the
complexities of this growing state are over.

The days when one-shot House members faced a battery of
well-informed lobbyists and full-time executive branch spokes-
men without an adequate staff to give independent advice and
information are over.
The people are paying us $12,000 a year for a high-quality

job. This legislature-as no other legislature in our history-is
ready to give the people their money's worth.


November 17, 1970


All of the reforms of the past few years lead to this moment.
Our years of legislative experience lead here, to this moment.
And, finally, the will of the people of Florida as expressed in
the November elections lead us to this moment.

I have the strong conviction that the 1970's will determine the
fate of the federal system. If it is to survive as more than an
outmoded concept, this system will require activist state
governments. The last three decades have demonstrated forever,
I hope, the fallacy that one central national administration can
run our domestic affairs. The states must reassert their full
partnership in the federal system. If this is to occur, it will
occur because we care enough to make it happen. If our society
is to remain creative, diverse and free, we must have strong
state and local government and the federal government must
reduce its involvement in domestic affairs. But we cannot
succeed unless we are willing to produce results for the people
we serve. Wringing our hands over the demise of state's rights
has never reversed the trend. Cursing the federal government
has not made it go away. We must demonstrate to the people
of this state and of this nation that we can do a more efficient
and more effective job than the U. S. Congress and the federal
bureaucracy. To do this, we must continue the effort to
strengthen our own institutions so that state government does
not exist primarily to serve the needs of its own bureaucracy
but to assist people and respond to their real needs.

The justification for 1,050 Federal grant-in-aid programs has
in large part been removed by our governmental reorganization
of the executive and legislative branches of our state govern-
ment and parallel reforms in other states. There is now a
critical need for us to move the federal government to a
meaningful revenue sharing program of tax credits or direct
appropriations so that the states can retrieve the necessary fiscal
capacity to confront their problems.

The federal government, relying primarily on the graduated
income tax, produces revenue faster than the country's
economic growth. This enables federal programs to expand each
year without tax increases. Yet every year is a year of fiscal
crisis for most state and local governments. The fiscal mismatch
between the federal government and state and local govern-
ments has become the overriding problem of intergovernmental
relations in this country.

It is for this reason that state legislative leaders are advising
Congress that, unless a significant revenue sharing program is
enacted by the Congress, the states will force a constitutional
convention pursuant to Article V of the United States Constitu-
tion, solely and exclusively devoted to the problem of revenue
sharing. I would hope that in the next regular session of the
Florida Legislature, we will promptly pass a resolution calling
for such a convention in concert with the other states of the

There are many areas of responsibility which we will need to
face in this coming session. I do not propose a program of
answers. I will outline only the areas of greatest need as I see
them and will leave the answers to the collective wisdom of the
legislative process.

A prime area of need is tax reform. Our regressive and
inelastic tax structure does not meet the needs of our state. Yet
it unfairly heaps the burden of state taxes upon the salaried
working man and upon the consumer.

The many loopholes in our tax structure must be closed.

There are other areas of need. In state administration, we still
must move from an overcentralized budgeting system to a more

decentralized one which permits the new departments to take
the appropriations we have made to them and to carry out
legislative intent promptly and effectively. This is a matter of
growing concern in almost every state agency.

If we are to maintain control of expenditures, we must
continue to appropriate annually. We must develop measure-
ments of performance by which we can judge how well our
policies are being executed within the executive branch, and we
must insure that policies and goals we establish are, in fact,
carried out.

The work agenda is large and challenges the best in each of
us. The ills of our criminal justice system are painfully evident.
We share our problems-fragmented law enforcement, over-
loaded courts, and overcrowded jails-with every state in the
nation. This entire system must be overhauled. We must
consider the housing needs of all our citizens. At a time when
25% of our present housing is substandard and many areas are
experiencing severe shortages, what does the coming decade
hold in the face of the highest interest rates in this century?
Where will we live? We have committed to provide state
financial support for the public school system over the next
three years that will move us from about 50% support of the
kindergarten to the twelfth grade program of the state to an
average of approximately 80% funding. At the same time we
must make our whole educational system more relevant to the
world of work.

Cleaning up the environment, protecting the water supplies
and the natural resources of the state calls for significantly
increased spending.

Our local governments are under tremendous financial
pressure as a result of millage caps we have fixed by
constitution and by statute. Like state government, local
governments are fiscally strapped and most tax sources available
within current constitutional restraints are unpopular and
inelastic. For too many years we have talked of local tax
reform and have done too little about it.

During the next two years, we will complete the unfinished
task of legislative reform, giving great attention to strengthening
of the committee system, strengthening the role of chairman
and subcommittee chairman, of improving the quality and
productivity of staff, of insuring that every member is assigned
to meaningful committees where his talents can be utilized. We
have reduced the number of standing committees to 20,
retaining the three-committee maximum on which each member
will serve. We are making each of the 20 committee chairmen,
together with appropriate minority representation, members of
the Rules & Calendar Committee.

The Rules & Calendar Committee will no longer be a power
broker's committee but a committee responsible for insuring an
orderly handling of the work product of each committee. Each
chairman will be responsible for getting his committee's major
work product on the floor for debate in accordance with a
prescribed schedule. Members will have more advance notice
than ever before of the calendar to be considered. A consent
calendar, of which there will be approximately a week's notice,
will handle a large number of bills far more expeditiously than
has ever been the case in the past.

The facilities for every member will be such as to contribute
to their effective handling of the problems of their constituents
as well as their committee responsibilities. We are entering a
new period of constructive cooperation and consultation be-

tween the legislative and executive branches of government and
between the House of Representatives and the Senate. This is


November 17, 1970


essential if we are to take advantage of the great opportunities
before us.

The future of our society now critically depends on us-on
our own willingness to sacrifice-to sacrifice our time, our
energies, our personal comfort. While many in our peer group
continue to improve their financial and personal circumstances,
we must be willing to set aside such personal objectives and to
devote ourselves to the greater tasks of government. We must
be willing to set the highest personal example-to avoid
conflicts of interest so that the public is reassured that our
objectives in public service are not for personal gain-a
generalization-indeed a myth-that has too long survived.

At this critical time in our history it is particularly appropri-
ate to reflect on this example of those who gave birth to this
nation. In the Declaration of Independence, these men pledged
their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor to their

I think we, as the heirs of this tradition, can do no less.

On motion by Mr. Walker, the foregoing address by the
Speaker was spread upon the Journal.

On motion by Mr. Robinson, all nominating and seconding
speeches for Speaker and Speaker pro tempore and the remarks
by Governor-elect Askew were spread upon the Journal.

Appointment of Committee on
House Administration & Conduct
Pursuant to the adoption of HR 1-Org., the Speaker ap-
pointed the Committee on House Administration & Con-
duct: Representative George Firestone, Chairman; Repre-
sentative John J. Savage, Vice Chairman, and Representatives
John L. Ryals, Edmond M. Fortune, R. Earl Dixon, Robert D.
Woodward, Jr., and L. E. "Gene" Brown.


Having completed its organization, the House of Repre-
sentatives, on motion by Mr. Dubbin, adjourned at 12:46 P.M.
sine die.


THIS IS TO CERTIFY that the foregoing pages numbered 1
through 11, inclusive, are and constitute a complete, true and
correct journal and record of the proceedings of the House of
Representatives of the State of Florida at the Organization
Session of the Second Legislature under the Constitution as Re-
vised in 1968, held on November 17, 1970.

Tallahassee, Florida
November 17, 1970

November 17, 1970