• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 List of Figures
 Acknowledgement
 Summary
 Introduction
 The commercial fishing industry...
 Survey results
 Conclusions
 Appendix
 References














Group Title: Industry report - University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. 79-2 (
Title: Commercial fishing activity and facility needs in Florida
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 Material Information
Title: Commercial fishing activity and facility needs in Florida
Physical Description: Book
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Market Research Center,
Copyright Date: 1978
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Bibliographic ID: UF00027569
Volume ID: VID00007
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Resource Identifier: 003247071 - Electronic_Aleph
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Abstract
        Abstract
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
    List of Tables
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    List of Figures
        Page vii
    Acknowledgement
        Page viii
    Summary
        Page ix
        Page x
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    The commercial fishing industry in the region
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    Survey results
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
    Conclusions
        Page 31
        Page 32
    Appendix
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
    References
        Page 67
        Page 68
Full Text
I0o


Industry Report 79-3


COMMEF


ING


ACTIVITY A


NEEDS IN FL0

Dade and Monroe Count es
Dade and Monroe Counties '?'-'^
"..


February, 1979













.r; ABSTRACT


H Information on the commercial seafood industries of Dade and Monroe

k:I Counties was obtained from published reports and from a mail survey of

commercial fishermen and seafood dealers. Total seafood landings in the

i two counties were valued at $14.6 million in 1971. By 1976, landings

Shad increased in value to $26.6 million. About 950 people were engaged

| in commercial fishing and 50 firms were registered as dealers. Registrations

Sof commercial boats declined in Dade County but increased in Monroe County

From 1963-64 to 1977-78, while pleasure boat registrations nearly tripled

S in the two counties together. Fishermen and dealers noted improvements

they felt were needed in facilities and services in the ports and landing

S areas used.



: Key words: fish and shellfish landing trends, port improvements,
Characteristics of Florida commercial fishermen and seafood dealers.












This research was supported in part by grants from the
Gulf and South Atlantic Fisheries Development Foundation, Inc. and from
the State University System of Florida Sea Grant College.


:. o .
4';.- "












COMMERCIAL FISHING ACTIVITY AND FACILITY NEEDS IN FLORIDA:

DADE AND MONROE COUNTIES








a report by
Kary Mathis, James C. Cato, Robert L. Degner
Paul D. Landrum and Fred J. Prochaska













a research project conducted for the
Gulf and South Atlantic Fisheries
Development Foundation, Inc. and Florida Sea Grant







The Florida Agricultural Market Research Center
a part of
The Food and Resource Economics Department
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611











The Florida Agricultural Market Research Center
A Service of
the Food and Resource Economics Department
of the
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


The purpose of this Center is to provide timely, applied research

on current and emerging marketing problems affecting Florida's agri-

cultural and marine industries. The Center seeks to provide research

and information to production, marketing, and processing firms, groups

and organizations concerned with improving and expanding markets for

Florida agricultural and marine products.

The Center is staffed by a basic group of economists trained in

agriculture and marketing. In addition, cooperating personnel from

other IFAS units provide a wide range of expertise which can be applied

as determined by the requirements of individual projects.










TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page

LIST OF TABLES ................................................ iv

LIST OF APPENDIX TABLES .......................................... vi

LIST OF FIGURES .............................................. vii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .............................................. viii

SUMMARY ........................................................ ix

INTRODUCTION .................................................. 1

Population Growth ......................................... 5

THE COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY IN THE REGION ................... 6

Boat Registrations ........................................ 6
Landings ................................................. 6
Dade County .......................................... 6
Monroe County ... ..................................... 8

SURVEY RESULTS ................................................ 14

Characteristics of Fishermen .............................. 16
Volumes Handled ....................................... 16
Distances Traveled ..................................... 16
Landing Areas Used .................................... 20
Port Facilities: Use and Rating by Fishermen ............... 21
Dade County .......................................... 22
Monroe County ............................ ......... 22
Dealer Characteristics, Facilities Provided and Ratings .... 28
Dade County .......................................... 28
Monroe County .................... .. ......... ......... 29

CONCLUSIONS ............................................ 31

APPENDIX .................... .. ... ............................. 33

Questionnaires ............................................. 59
Mail Survey Procedures and Responses ...................... 63
Additional Information Sources ............................ 66

REFERENCES ........................................... ........... 67


iii







LIST OF TABLES


Table Page

1 Florida counties with fish and shellfish landings in excess
of $1 million and state rank in 1976....................... 3

2 Population, Dade and Monroe Counties, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970,
1977, and projected 1980, 1990, 2000........................ 5

3 Boats registered annually, in Dade and Monroe Counties, 1963-
64 through 1977-78 ..................................... 7

4 Volume and value of landings, Dade County, 1971-1976........ 9

5 Volume and value of landings, Monroe County, 1971-1976...... 10

6 Questionnaire dispositions and responses, fishermen survey,
Dade and Monroe Counties................................. 15

7 Questionnaire dispositions and responses, dealer survey, Dade
and Monroe Counties.................... ................ .. 17

8 Classification of commercial fishermen in Dade and Monroe
Counties by volume of fish and shellfish sold in 1977....... 18

9 Distance from home to port and from port to fishing grounds,
Dade County commercial fishermen........................... 19

10 Distance from home to port and from port to fishing grounds,
Monroe County commercial fishermen......................... 19

11 Landing areas used by commercial fishermen in Dade and Monroe
Counties, 1978......................,.... .............. 20

12 Groups of facilities and services evaluated by port users in
the central and south Florida survey, 1978,.....,.,,...... 21

13 Current and projected use of seafood port facilities by
commercial fishermen in Dade County, 1978 ..........,........ 23

14 Ratings of seafood port facilities by commercial fishermen
in Dade County, 1978............................. ....... 24

15 Current and projected use of seafood port facilities by
commercial fishermen in Monroe County, 1978................ 25

16 Ratings of seafood port facilities by commercial fishermen
in Monroe County, 1978................ .................. . 27






LIST OF TABLES Continued


Table Page

17 Classification of seafood dealers in Dade and Monroe
Counties by volume of fish and shellfish handled in 1977.... 29

18 Port facilities and services in Dade and Monroe Counties:
Facilities offered and those needing improvement, according
to one or more dealers, 1978................ .............. 30









LIST OF APPENDIX TABLES


Table Page

1 Average monthly landings of fish and shellfish for Dade
and Monroe Counties from 1971-1976.......................... 34

2 Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by
months, Dade County, 1971-1976...,.......................... 35

3 Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by
months, Monroe County, 1971-1976......... ................. 47

4 Questionnaire disposition and responses, commercial fisher-
men, all counties and Dade and Monroe Counties............... 64

5 Questionnaire dispositions and responses, dealer survey, all
counties and Dade and Monroe Counties...................... 65









LIST OF FIGURES


Figure Page

1 Value of fish and shellfish landings by county in Florida,
1976......................................................... 2

2 Central and south Florida coastal counties included in study... 4

3 Volume and value of seafood landings, Dade County, 1971-1976... 11

4 Average monthly landings of fish and shellfish, Dade County
1971-1976 ..................................................... 11

5 Volume and value of seafood landings, Monroe County, 1971-1976. 12

6 Average monthly landings of fish and shellfish, Monroe County,
1971-1976 ................................................. 13








ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Many people are due thanks for their help in the seafood port

study and in preparing this publication and the others in the series.

Financial support from the Gulf and South Atlantic Fisheries Development

Foundation, Inc., and assistance from its Executive Director, Dr. Roger

Anderson, are much appreciated. The Florida Sea Grant program also

provided funds partially supporting this study, and Dr. Hugh Popenoe,

Program Director is to be thanked.

Mr. Bob Jones of the Southeastern Fisheries Association provided

invaluable assistance, for which we are all grateful. The Florida

Department of Natural Resources was most helpful with a great deal of

valuable information.

Extension Agent Tom Murray was a valuable adviser throughout this

project. Several staff members of the Food and Resource Economics

Department provided valuable assistance. Mr. Scott Woolley was most

competent in performing statistical and computer work, and Mrs. Nancy

Melton provided invaluable expertise in computer programming. Ms.

Patricia Beville and Ms. Ellen Bishop were extremely efficient in handling

the typing and secretarial work, as were Miss Sarah Miller, Mrs. Becky

Hoover and Mrs. Shirley Harris. Miss Carolyn Almeter and several other

career service employees of the Food and Resource Economics Department

spent many hours preparing and mailing questionnaires.

Finally, all the Florida fishermen and seafood dealers who took the

time to complete questionnaires and add comments have our thanks.


viii






SUMMARY


This is one of a series of four reports on published data and
survey findings concerned with commercial fishing activity and needed
onshore facilities and services in 17 counties of central and south
Florida: Brevard, Broward, Charlotte, Collier, Dade, Hillsborough,
Indian River, Lee, Manatee, Martin, Monroe, Palm Beach, Pasco, Pinellas,
St. Lucie, Sarasota, and Volusia.

Dade and Monroe Counties have experienced differing population growth
rates since 1960. Population in Dade County has increased greatly and
further increases are projected for the future. Monroe County population
has grown relatively slowly and will continue to do so.

The number of pleasure boats registered in these two counties has
increased from 18,930 in 1963-64 to 46,401 by 1977-78. Commercial boat
numbers increased from 3,302 to 3,809 during the same period.

Landings in Dade County declined from 1971 to 1976 in both volume
and value while 1976 Monroe County volume and value were greater than in
1971. Total landings in both counties were valued at $26.6 million in
1976, with shellfish making up 84 percent of that value.

Landings are highly seasonal in the region, averaging highest in
the winter, and dropping substantially during the summer months.

It is estimated there are about 1,250 commercial boat owners actively
fishing and 50 dealers operating in the two counties. About 70 percent of
all Dade County fishermen and Monroe County shellfish operators who participate(
in the study catch 5,000 pounds or less. About 40 percent of Monroe County
fishermen handled over 25,000 pounds of shellfish.

About 45 percent of fishermen returning questionnaires from Dade
County said they landed in Miami. The majority of Monroe County fishermen
landed at Marathon or Key West.

Fishermen use a variety of facilities and services at these landing
sites, but fish houses, ice and fuel sales and docks are used by the
greatest number of boat owners. Also, a sizeable number of fishermen use
repair and supply services.

Dealers offer most facilities for handling the catch and provide
consumable supplies such as bait, ice and fuel, but offer very few repair
facilities.

Fishermen feel docking needs improvement in most landing sites, along
with gear and diesel repair, and ice plants. Dealers also would like improved
docking and said they would like improved fish, shrimp and lobster houses, ice
plants, and freezer and cold storage facilities.






Information and assistance is available to groups or individuals
interested in improving commercial seafood facilities and services in
this region. The County Extension Office and other agencies should be
contacted by those desiring help.












COMMERCIAL FISHING ACTIVITY AND FACILITY NEEDS IN FLORIDA:
DADE AND MONROE COUNTIES

Kary Mathis, James C. Cato, Robert L. Degner,
Paul D. Landrum and Fred J. Prochaska


INTRODUCTION


The commercial seafood industry is an important source of income

and employment along Florida's extensive coastline. Values of marine

landings for coastal counties are shown in Figure 1. Of the 35 coastal

counties in Florida, 18 had seafood landings of $1 million or more in

1976. The relatively small number of major seafood ports, in the state,

are all in counties with $1 million or more in landings values (Table

1). Urban and recreational development in most coastal areas of central and

and north Florida has put great pressure on commercial fishermen and seafood

dealers operating there. Counties with seafood landings under $1 million

have significant numbers of fishermen but port and landing facilities are

often limited. Even though the remaining counties have substantial volumes

of seafood and significant numbers of fishermen, port and landing facilities

are often limited. These limitations and other restrictions may hamper

the seafood industry in these areas.

This publication is one of a series of four which reports analysis of

data from published sources and from surveys of commercial fishermen and

seafood dealers in 17 counties of central and south Florida. Counties


Kary Mathis, James C. Cato and Fred J. Prochaska are associate pro-
fessors, Robert L. Degner is assistant professor and Paul D. Landrum is
assistant in food and resource economics, University of Florida.






























= Over $2,000,000

0 = $1,000,000 to $2,000,000

= $500,000 to $1,000,000

S= Less than $500,000


Figure 1.--Value of fish and shellfish landings by county in Florida,
1976.








included are: Brevard, Broward, Charlotte, Collier, Dade, Hillsborough,

Indian River, Lee, Manatee, Martin, Monroe, Palm Beach, Pasco, Pinellas,

St. Lucie, Sarasota, and Volusia (Figure 2). The research reported here

was done as a continuation of a larger project concerned with the

feasibility of seafood industrial port development in north Florida. Results

of the more detailed study are reported in a separate publication (see

reference list).


Table l.--Florida counties with fish and shellfish landings in excess of
$1 million and state rank in 1976.


Value of landings
County Fish Shellfish Total Rank in state

----------------$1,000-----------

Bay 3,247 1,790 5,037 5
Brevard 1,120 1,496 2,616 9
Citrus-Pasco 471 1,018 1,489 14
Collier 666 732 1,398 15
Dade 520 2,463 2,984 7
Duval 687 1,702 2,388 10
Escambia 927 1,752 2,679 8
Franklin 431 7,837 8,268 3
Gulf 305 865 1,170 17
Hillsborough 107 2,933 3,103 6
Lee 3,434 9,284 12,718 2
Manatee 1,350 298 1,648 13
Martin 1,013 3 1,016 18
Monroe 3,640 19,965 23,605 1
Nassau 213 1,733 1,946 12
Pinellas 2,169 3,070 5,239 4
St. Lucie 2,353 12 2,365 11
Volusia 662 592 1,254 16

Source: Florida Department of Natural Resources, Summary of Commercial
Marine Landings, 1976.

This report is organized into four major sections: this introduction,

a discussion of the commercial fishing industry in the region, results of

the mail survey, and conclusions. Relevant published data were used in the




































= Counties included in this report.




= Counties included in other reports
in the series.


LL""-


Figure 2.--Central and south Florida coastal counties included in study.








first two sections. Summaries of responses by fishermen and dealers on the

mailed questionnaires provided information for the third section. Information

and survey findings are reviewed and conclusions drawn in the final section.


Population Growth


All 17 counties included in this phase of the overall seafood port

study have experienced almost explosive population growth in the past two

decades. Dade County, the most populous in the state, has increased 57

percent in population from 1960 to 1977. Present population is three times

the 1950 census level (Table 2). The number of people in Monroe County is

almost twice the 1950 count, but growth since 1960 has been relatively slow.

Population is projected to increase in both counties over the next

two decades. Dade County is projected to have 35 percent more people in

2000 than in 1980. Population in Monroe County is projected to increase

by 33 percent in the same period (Table 2).


Table 2.--Population, Dade and Monroe Counties, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970
1977, and projected 1980, 1990, 2000.



Year Dade Monroe


1940 267,739 14,078
1950 495,084 29,957
1960 935,047 47,921
1970 1,267,792 52,586
1977 1,468,270 55,124

Projected

1980 1,525,500 56,000
1990 1,782,900 64,200
2000 2,064,300 74,300


Source: Bureau of Economic and Business Research.







THE COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY IN THE REGION


Population growth and accompanying residential and recreational develop-

ment, have put heavy pressure on waterfront property used by the fishing

and seafood industry. Docking space has been converted from commercial to

recreational use as the number of pleasure boats has increased in the

region.


Boat Registrations


Commercial boats registered in Monroe County have increased in number

over the past 15 years, contrary to a decline in the other 16 counties

included in this series of reports. Commercial registrations in 1977-78 in

Dade County dropped slightly from the 1963-64 level (Table 3). Commercial

boat registrations reached their highest levels in both counties in 1965-66,

then declined until 1975-76, when Monroe County registrations exceeded the

high of a decade earlier.

Pleasure boat registrations increased throughout the period shown, except

for a small drop in Dade County in 1977-78. The 1978 count was, however, more

than double the 1963-64 number. Pleasure boat numbers increased by about

5,900 in Monroe County during the same period (Table 3).


Landings


Fish and shellfish landings are large in both counties. Trends in recent

years have followed differing patterns, however.


Dade County


Both volume and value of seafood landings in Dade County increased sharply

from 1971 to 1972, then declined steadily and substantially by 1976 (Figure 3).

Fish landings dropped to about their 1971 level by 1976, although value was






Table 3.--Boats registered annually, in Dade and Monroe Counties, 1963-64 through 1977-78.



Boats registered
Dade Monroe
Year a Commercial Pleasure Total Commercial Pleasure Total

-------------------------------Number-------------------------------

1963-64 1,118 16,695 17,813 2,184 2,235 4,419
1964-65 1,242 17,966 19,208 2,311 2,242 4,553
1965-66 1,698 19,707 21,405 2,856 2,407 5,263
1966-67 1,466 21,928 23,394 2,778 2,635 5,413
1967-68 1,144 24,205 25,349 2,309 3,149 5,458
1968-69 1,350 26,632 27,982 2,542 3,460 6,002
1969-70 1,303 28,253 29,556 2,576 3,676 6,252
1970-71 1,224 29,235 30,459 2,657 4,083 6,740
1971-72 1,162 31,406 32,568 2,563 4,820 7,383
1972-73 1,149 31,999 33,148 2,550 5,167 7,717
1973-74 1,056 31,983 33,039 2,392 4,800 7,192
1974-75 1,043 36,010b 37,053 2,512 6,690b 9,202
1975-76 1,299 38,220 39,519 2,873 7,217 10,090
1976-77 1,103 38,668 39,771 2,706 7,733 10,439
1977-78 1,026 37,373 38,399 2,749 8,121 10,870


july 1 to June 30.
Before January 1, 1975,
required to be registered.


pleasure boats with engines of less than 10 horsepower were not


Source: Bureau of Boat Registration, Florida Department of Natural Resources.








much higher due to higher prices (Table 4). Shellfish landings almost

doubled from 1971 to 1972 then dropped to only one-fifth the 1972 volume

by 1976. This decline in shellfish landings occurred when spiny lobster

fisheries in Bahamian waters were closed to U. S. commercial fishermen by

the Bahamian government in 1975. Until that time, about one-half of all

spiny lobsters landed in Florida were caught in Bahamian waters. Value

in 1976 was just under the 1971 level, but less than half the 1972 value

(Table 4).

Dade County landings are seasonal with fish landings highest in

December through March. Shellfish volume drops in January and February

and again in the April-July period from highs in March and August through

December (Figure 4 and Appendix Table 1).

Leading fish species in Dade County during the 1971-76 period were

ballyhoo, grouper and silver mullet. Spiny lobster accounted for nearly

all shellfish landings, with relatively small volumes of stone crab landed

(Appendix Table 2).

Monroe County

Monroe County leads the state in volume and value of seafood landed.

Landings increased in both volume and value from 1971 to 1976 (Figure 5).

Fish volume increased substantially and value nearly tripled, while shellfish

value nearly doubled even though volume dropped (Table 5).

Average monthly landings in Monroe County show the greatest variation

during the year of any of the 17 counties in this series of reports. Shell-

fish account for the majority of this variation. Landings are highest in the

winter, from December through March, and drop to very low levels in the April-

July period (Figure 6 and Appendix Table 1).












Table 4.--Volume and value of landings, Dade County, 1971-1976.


Fish Shellfish Total

Year Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value


Pounds Dollars Pounds Dollars Pounds Dollars

1971 745,063 206,126 3,313,958 2,824,426 4,059,021 3,030,552

1972 923,852 274,857 6,012,135 5,992,451 6,935,987 6,267,308

1973 1,127,527 372,734 5,450,330 5,570,287 6,577,857 5,943,021

1974 1,169,929 318,196 4,000,403 4,897,116 5,170,332 5,215,312

1975 983,485 451,058 2,511,476 3,598,661 3,494,961 4,049,719

1976 776,396 520,658 1,241,809 2,463,534 2,018,205 2,984,192


Source: Florida Landings, monthly issues, U. S. Department of Commerce.












Table 5.--Volume and value of landings,Monroe County, 1971-1976.


Fish Shellfish Total

Year Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value


Pounds Dollars Pounds Dollars Pounds Dollars

1971 6,459,774 1,347,830 16,818,661 10,216,791 23,278,435 11,564,621

1972 4,617,238 1,217,389 15,880,132 12,524,671 20,497,370 13,742,060

1973 8,261,134 2,153,097 17,909,629 15,108,384 26,170,763 17,261,481

1974 10,870,530 2,818,073 18,721,075 16,317,502 29,591,605 19,135,575

1975 6,869,647 1,973,468 15,416,536 16,094,287 22,286,183 18,067,755

1976 11,922,104 3,640,578 15,243,862 19,965,074 27,165,966 23,605,652


Source: Florida Landings, monthly issues,U. S. Department of Commerce.













Volume
1,000 lbs.

8,000.




6,000




4.000




2.000


Value
$1,000


1971 1992 1973 1974 1975 1976

Figure 3.--Volume and value of seafood landings, Dade County, 1971-1976.


500

400 -

300 -

200 -


100


Total






::She fish:
1i^' -j- j ,j l. i t i i i I' ^ '.JJ'*'J I I -he l Ji I I- -I
.5 J .5Jl.5. 1 .i. 1 I I f 1

-5.555 j aj i.5.5 j .51 j j5.5


-a-I Mar I 1May
Jan. Feb. Mar. April Hay June


I J J J I J JI . . . . . . . . . I I


July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.


Figure 4.--Average monthly landings of fish and shellfish, Dade County,
1971-1976.





















1


Volume Value
,000 Ibs. $1,000

30,000- 25,000

Volume /

24,000- 20,000




18,000- Value 15,000




12,000- 10,000




6,000- 5,000





1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976

Figure 5.--Volume and value of seafood landings, Monroe County, 1971-1976.





13














4,000 -





3,500





3,000





W 2,500












1,500 LLLLL Se: Totallfish
CL L [ ll
2,000 -





1,500 L'-Lt^ :: : Total FI
L L

.LLLL LLLLLL
LL L L LL
LLLLLLLLLL
LLLLLLLL
0nn L L LL L L L hellish
LLLLLLLL LLLLL
LLLLLLLLL L
.LLLLLLLLLL L
LLLLLLLLLL LL
1,000 .L LL L L L L--= :: _-::-:
L L L L I LLL LL L I -f

L L L L L LLLLLL
LLL LLLLLLLLLL
'LLLL LL LL L
LL LL L LLLL L L L L -.-- -
L LL L L L L L L L A --------------
L L L L L L L L L L -----------
5 0 0 L L L LL L L L L L L L - -- -- -- - - - -

LLLLLL LLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL L


Oct. Nov. Dec.


Figure 6.--Average monthly landings of fish and shellfish, Monroe County,
1971-1976.


Jan. Feb. Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept.







Principal fish species landed in Monroe County are Spanish mackerel,

grouper and yellow tail snapper. Shrimp and spiny lobster represent the

bulk of shellfish volume. Monroe County is also a major supplier of stone

crabs in the state (Appendix Table 3).

SURVEY RESULTS


The mail survey conducted during the fall of 1978 provided considerable

insight into fishing industry problems in Dade and Monroe Counties. Question-

naires were mailed to all residents in each county having a commercial boat

registered during 1977-78 with the Florida Department of Natural Resources.

All seafood dealers listed with the National Marine Fisheries Service in 1976

were also surveyed. Copies of the questionnaires used are included in the

Appendix. Several dealers and fishermen in both Dade and Monroe counties were

also interviewed in person.

A total of 2,181 questionnaires were sent to commercial boat owners in

both counties with 742 or 34 percent returned (Appendix Table 4). A total

of 1,604 questionnaires went to Monroe County which also had the higher

percentage return (Table 6).
Fifty-two percent of Dade County respondents and 59 percent of those

from Monroe County still owned one or more boats and were actively fishing.

It was assumed that people who did not return the questionnaire were active

commercial fishermen in the same proportion as those completing the survey.

The percentage actively fishing was multiplied times the total number of

boat registrations to provide the estimate of total active commercial fisher-

men in each county. These estimates indicate that there are 306 boat owners

actively fishing in Dade County and 946 in Monroe County (Table 6).











Table 6.--Questionnaire dispostions and responses, fisherman survey,
Dade and Monroe Counties.

Disposition or County
response Dade Monroe

Number Percent Number Percent

Total mailed 577 100 1,604 100

Returned, unable to
deliver 59 10 143 9

Individuals receiving
questionnaires 518 90 1,461 91

Individuals receiving
questionnaires 518 100 1,461 100

Questionnaires not
returned 341 66 896 61

Questionnaires
returned 177 34 565 39

Questionnaires returned 177 100 565 100

No longer own boat 36 20 66 12

No longer in business 48 27 165 29

Still in business 93 52 334 59

Estimated active b
commercial fishermen 306 -- 946



aNot fishing commercially but had commercial boat registration in 1977.
bEstimate is based on the proportion of the respondents still in busi-
ness, the total 1977-78 commercial boat registrations. The number shown in
each county includes only boat owners and not crew members.










Thirteen of the 32 dealers from Monroe County responded, while 9 of

26 in Dade County returned questionnaires. Three of the Monroe County respondents

and one from Dade County were no longer in business (Table 7). The-58 dealers

in the two counties represented 31 percent of all dealers in the 17 coastal

counties in the study (Appendix Table 6).


Characteristics of Fishermen

Volumes Handled


Over two-thirds of Dade County fishermen returning questionnaires handled

less than 5,000 pounds of fish and shellfish in 1977 (Table 8). About the

same percentage of Monroe County fishermen sold less than 5,000 pounds of

fish, but 55 percent of those handling shellfish sold more than 5,000 pounds.

More respondents caught fish than shellfish in each county (Table 8).


Distances Traveled


Dade County fishermen live somewhat farther away from the ports they

use than do fishermen in Monroe County. Some 43 percent of Dade County fishermen

live more than 10 miles from their port and another 29 percent live two to

10 miles away (Table 9). Only 21 percent of Monroe County fishermen live more

than seven miles from their port (Table 10).

Fishermen in both counties do not travel far from their port to their

normal fishing grounds. The same proportion in each county, 37 percent, go

10 miles or less to their normal fishing area. Another sizeable percentage

in each county normally travel from 11 to 25 miles offshore (Tables 9and 10).

Only 11 percent in Dade County and 12 percent in Monroe County go more than

50 miles to fish.












Table 7.--Questionnaire dispositions and responses, dealer survey,
Dade and Monroe Counties.



Disposition or County
response Dade Monroe


Number Percent Number Percent

Total mailed 26 100 32 100

Returned unable
to deliver 5 19 2 6

Individuals receiving
questionnaires 21 81 30 84

Individuals receiving
questionnaires 21 100 30 100

Questionnaires not
returned 12 57 17 57

Questionnaires
returned 9 43 13 43

Questionnaires
returned 9 100 13 100

No longer in business 1 11 3 23

Still in business 8 89 10 77








Table 8.--Classification of commercial fishermen in Dade and Monroe Counties by volume of fish and
shellfish sold in 1977.



Fishermen selling
Fish Shellfish
Dade Monroe Dade Monroe


Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent

Under 5,000 45 69 172 68 31 72 69 45

5,000-10,000 8 12 34 14 5 12 25 16

10,000-25,000 2 3 21 8 2 5 32 21

Over 25,000 10 15 25 10 5 12 29 19



Total 65 252 43 155








Table 9.--Distance from home to port and from port to fishing grounds,
Dade County commercial fishermen.



Home to port Port to fishing grounds
Miles Fishermen Miles Fishermen


Number Percent Number Percent

1 or less 9 11 10 or less 30 37

2-3 4 5 11-25 34 42

4-6 10 12 26-50 8 10

7-10 24 29 51-75 2 2

Over 10 35 43 Over 75 7 9

Total 82 100a 81 100a


a
Percentage may not sum to 100 due to rounding.


Table lO.--Distance from home to port and from port to fishing grounds,
Monroe County commercial fishermen.



Home to port Port to fishing grounds
Miles Fishermen Miles Fishermen


Number Percent Number Percent

1 or less 133 48 10 or less 109 37

2-3 45 16 11-25 106 36

4-6 42 15 26-50 44 15

7-10 26 9 51-75 21 7

Over 10 32 12 Over 75 14 5

Total 278 100a 294 100a


Percentage may not sum to 100 due to rounding.









Table ll.--Landing areas used by commercial fishermen in Dade and Monroe
Counties, 1978.


Dade Monroe
Landing area Fishermen Landing area Fishermen


Miami 33 Marathon 126
Marathon 7 Key West 67
Goulds 5 Key Largo 11
Key Largo 5 Islamorada 9
Key West 5 Big Pine Key 7
Homestead 3 Conch Key 7
Ft. Pierce 3 Summerland Key 6
Islamorada 2 Tavernier 6
Tavernier 2 Cudjoe Key 3
Crandon Park 2 Matecumbe Key 3
Card Sound 1 Bokeelia 2
Dinner Key 1 Bay Point 1
Naples 1 Coral Key 1
Parker 1 Key Colony Beach 1
Port Everglades 1 Plantation Key 1
Riviera Beach 1 Stock Island 1
Stock Island 1 Sugarloaf Key 1
Totl Cortez 1
Total 74 Everglades City 1
Ft. Pierce 1
Naples 1
Tampa 1
Total 258



Landing Areas Used


As might be expected with a large number of fishermen in each county,

many landing areas were reported. However, 33 of the 74 Dade County fisher-

men reporting landed in Miami (Table 11). Several others used landing sites

in Monroe County and other south Florida counties.

Marathon and Key West were the ports used by 75 percent of Monroe County

fishermen. Several used Key Largo and Islamorada, and some landed as far away

as Tampa and Ft. Pierce (Table 11).







Port Facilities: Use and Rating by Fishermen


Inadequate, deteriorated or unsuited port facilities can seriously

hamper commercial fishing in a region and retard or prevent growth in the

commercial seafood industry. An important step in identifying fishing port

needs in the two counties studied was determining facilities available in each

port and how well those facilities serve the fishing industry. The mail

survey described earlier asked fishermen and dealers to specify which facilities

and services they used and to evaluate those facilities.

Port services were grouped into five categories shown in Table 12. The

mail survey asked fishermen to indicate those facilities and services used in

each port and to rate them as satisfactory or needing improvement. Dealers

were asked which facilities and services they provided and to indicate those

needing addition or improvement. Both commercial fishermen and seafood dealers

were given the opportunity to add comments.
Table 12.--Groups of facilities and services evaluated by port users in the
central and south Florida survey, 1978.


Handling and processing

Shrimp unloading house
Crab unloading house
Lobster unloading house
Fish house
Processing unused fish
Freezer and cold storage

Supplies

Bait sales
Ice plant
Fuel sales
Groceries

Waste removal

Solid waste
Liquid waste


Docking and repair

Docking facilities
Gear storage
Gear repair
Gear supply
Electronics service
Engine repair
Marine railway

Retail

Restaurant
Retail seafood market
Fishermen's meeting room







Dade County


Over half the commercial fishermen completing questionnaires used fish

houses, bait and fuel sales, and docking. From 25 to 40 percent used lobster

houses, and ice plants, bought groceries, used gear supply and repair, and

electronics and diesel repair (Table 13). Only gear storage and a meeting

room would be used by more than ten of those responding.

Docking was the facility that more fishermen said needed improvement

than any other (Table 14). A significant proportion of those responding also

noted that bait supplies, ice and fuel sales, and diesel repair services could

be improved.

Nearly 30 of the 93 fishermen responding wrote additional comments. One-

third of those comments dealt with the need for improving docks. Shortage of

space, high and increasing rates and poor dock conditions were all mentioned.

Several fishermen commented on the need for improving all landing facilities,

such as providing electricity and water at docks and unloading places, ice and

fuel services and security in unloading areas. Lack of space for gear storage

was also noted. This is a particular problem for lobster and stone crab fisher-

men who have difficulty finding space to store their traps.

Many Dade County operators had previously fished in Bahamian waters which

are now closed to U.S. fishermen. The problems caused by this closing were

mentioned by several Dade County respondents.


Monroe County


Monroe County, with the largest number of commercial boat registrations

in the state, had the largest number of responses to the mail survey in the

17 county area. From 52 to 81 percent of the 334 Monroe County fishermen use

fish houses, bait, ice and fuel sales and docking (Table 15). Another 33 to

46 percent use lobster houses, buy groceries and gear, and use electronics,




23



Table 13.--Current and projected use of seafood port facilities by
commercial fishermen in Dade County, 1978.


Fishermen
Facility Currently use Would use


Number Percent Number Percent

Shrimp house 3 3 2 2
Crab house 6 7 4 4
Lobster house 26 28 3 3
Fish house 56 60 4 4
Processing unused fish 5 5 7 8
Freezer, cold storage 18 19 6 7

Bait supply 49 53 6 7
Ice plant 40 43 7 8
Fuel sales 54 58 5 5
Groceries 31 33 4 4

Docking 54 58 9 10
Gear storage 17 18 11 12
Gear supply 26 28 6 7
Gear repair 23 25 5 5
Electronics repair 26 28 5 5
Diesel repair 37 40 8 9
Marine Railway 18 19 5 5

Restaurant 16 17 7 8
Retail seafood market 12 13 9 10
Fishermen's meeting room 7 8 12 13

Solid waste 11 12 6 7
Liquid waste 14 15 5 5


Total responses


I _








Table 14.--Ratings of seafood port facilities by commercial fishermen
in Dade County, 1978.



Fishermen
Rating Saying needs
Facility facility improvement


Number Number Percent
Shrimp house 3 1 33
Crab house 6 1 17
Lobster house 25 5 20
Fish house 52 15 29
Processing unused fish 5 1 20
Freezer, cold storage 18 5 28

Bait supply 45 16 36
Ice plant 39 17 44
Fuel sales 50 23 46
Groceries 28 6 21

Docking 52 34 65
Gear storage 17 4 24
Gear supply 26 6 23
Gear repair 23 4 17
Electronics repair 26 8 31
Diesel repair 33 13 39
Marine railway 18 8 44

Restaurant 13 3 23
Retail seafood market 12 5 42
Fishermen's meeting room 7 3 43

Solid waste 11 5 46
Liquid waste 14 8 57


__ __ __








Table 15.--Current and projected use of seafood port facilities by
commercial fishermen in Monroe County, 1978.



Fishermen
Facility Currently use Would use


Number Percent Number Percent

Shrimp house 36 11 2 1
Crab house 60 18 3 1
Lobster house 143 43 3 1
Fish house 269 81 4 1
Processing unused fish 20 6 34 10
Freezer, cold storage 60 18 19 6

Bait supply 172 52 8 2
Ice plant 193 58 12 4
Fuel sales 242 73 4 1
Groceries 112 34 6 2

Docking 170 60 14 4
Gear storage 81 24 20 6
Gear supply 110 33 14 4
Gear repair 70 21 19 6
Electronics repair 129 39 13 4
Diesel repair 152 46 19 6
Marine railway 125 37 15 5

Restaurant 63 19 5 2
Retail seafood market 46 14 8 2
Fishermen's meeting room 42 13 16 5

Solid waste 24 7 20 6
Liquid waste 15 5 22 7


Total responses


___








diesel and marine railway repair services.

Although large volumes of shrimp are landed in Monroe County, very few

shrimpers replied to the survey. This is almost certainly due to the fact that

most Monroe County shrimpers had not returned from the western Gulf in October

when questionnaires were mailed and thus did not complete them. Also, many

boats registered in other Florida counties and in other states will catch and

land shrimp in Key West during the shrimping season, and their owners did

not receive questionnaires either.

Bait and ice supplies, docking, gear storage, supply and repair, and diesel

repair were the main facilities and services needing improvement according to

the largest number of Monroe County fishermen (Table 16). Over 70 respondents

included written comments on their questionnaires and many of those elaborated

on the needs just noted.

Dock space is very restricted in Key West. Large waterfront areas are

currently used by the U.S. Navy. Also, available private space is already in

use and overcrowded with commercial boats. Very little space is available for

storing nets and traps. Channels to docking areas are shallow and contain

obstructions according to many fishermen.

Docking is also limited in Marathon and other areas of the Keys outside

Key West. Fishermen pointed out shallow channels and docking basins as problems

as well. Lobster and stone crab trap storage is a serious problem in the upper

Keys.

Heavy use and crowding of unloading, dock and repair facilities throughout

the Keys prompted many fishermen to comment on the need for improving those

facilities. Expanding ice plants, the need for more bait supplies, and for

gear and diesel repair services also received comment. The need for facilities

to process bycatch and for greater use of underutilized species was also mentioned.




27



Table 16.--Ratings of seafood port facilities by commercial fishermen
in Monroe County, 1978.


Fishermen
Rating Saying needs
Facility facility improvement


Number Number Percent

Shrimp house 35 5 14
Crab house 55 8 15
Lobster house 130 22 17
Fish house 245 40 16
Processing unused fish 15 3 20
Freezer, cold storage 56 14 25

Bait supply 161 53 33
Ice plant 185 60 32
Fuel sales 220 40 18
Groceries 101 9 9

Docking 163 79 49
Gear storage 75 34 45
Gear supply 102 40 39
Gear repair 64 25 39
Electronics repair 116 31 27
Diesel repair \ 141 55 39
Marine railway 108 22 20

Restaurant 55 5 9
Retail seafood market 39 7 18
Fishermen's meeting room 38 13 34

Solid waste 23 8 35
Liquid waste 15 4 27








Fishermen were concerned about overfishing, fishing during spawning

seasons, and destruction of habitat in Keys fisheries. Several respondents

suggested closed seasons, catch limits, more stringent regulation of traps

and spearfishing, licensing commercial fishermen, and increased enforcement

of existing laws as desirable.

Dealer Characteristics, Facilities Provided and Ratings

A total of 59 dealers in the two counties were sent questionnaires --

26 in Dade and 32 in Monroe County. Nine returned the survey from Dade

County and 13 from Monroe County. One dealer in Dade and three in Monroe

County were no longer in business (Table 7).

Dade County

Of the eight Dade County dealers who responded and are still operating,

five handled fish and seven shellfish in 1978. Only one dealer handling each

category reported less than 50,000 pounds and four fish dealers and three shell-

fish operators said they handled over 300,000 pounds of each type (Table 17).

Dade County dealers responding to the survey handle crabs, lobster and

fish, process unused fish and provide freezer and cold storage facilities.

They also supply bait and ice, provide dock and gear storage space, and offer

diesel repair. One operates a retail seafood market and some provide solid

waste disposal (Table 18). One or more dealers said practically all facilities

and services in Dade County landing areas needed improving.

Shortage of dock space and the problems caused by closing of Bahamian

waters to U.S. fishermen were emphasized by Dade County dealers. The competition

from pleasure craft and waterfront development has reduced the number of boats

landing catch in Dade County, and caused dealers to bring seafood from the Keys

and other areas in Florida. Dealers also mentioned that fishermen, faced with








rising operating costs and restricted fishing grounds, were turning to other

business enterprises.

Table 17.--Classification of seafood:dealers in Dade and Monroe Counties by
volume of fish and shellfish handled in 1977.


Pounds Fish Shellfish
handled Dade Monroe Dade Monroe


---------------------Number-------------------

Under 50,000 1 2 1 0

50,000-100,000 0 0 1 1

100,000-300,000 0 0 2 3

Over 300,000 4 5 3 5

Total 5 7 7 9


Monroe County


Most of the Monroe County dealers returning questionnaires handled fairly

large volumes of seafood. Five handling fish and five handling shellfish reported

over 300,000 pounds of each type in 1978 (Table 17).

One or more of the dealers responding from Monroe County offer all facilities

and services listed except electronics and diesel repair and a marine railway.

All facilities and services except bait supply need improving, according to

dealers (Table 18).

Dealers in the Marathon area of Monroe County commented on potential export

markets for underutilized fish species and the need for developing and expanding

these products in these markets. They also noted the serious lack of gear storage

space and docking area, sports fishing competition for marine resources and the

need for channel opening in the Marathon area.








Table 18.--Port facilities and services in Dade and Monroe Counties:
Facilities offered and those needing improvement, according to
one or more dealers, 1978.


Dealers
Facility Dade Monroe
Need Need
Offer improving Offer improving


Shrimp house X X X
Crab house X X
Lobster house X X X X
Fish house X X X X
Processing unused fish X X X X
Freezer, cold storage X X X X

Bait supply X X
Ice plant X X X X
Fuel sales X X X
Groceries X X X

Docking X X X X
Gear storage X X X X
Gear supply X X X
Gear repair X X X
Electronics repair X X
Diesel repair X X X
Marine railway X X

Restaurant X X X
Retail seafood market X X X X

Solid waste X X X
Liquid waste X




Key West dealers were even more emphatic on the need for more waterfront

space for commercial fishing. These dealers also pointed out a lack of ice

plant capacity and a shortage of labor to head shrimp in the winter season.

The great difference between shrimp landings in the peak winter season and

slack summer and fall periods causes several problems in facilities and services.

Diesel repair and marine railways are overloaded in the winter but have difficulty

covering costs in the summer.








CONCLUSIONS


Commercial fishing is an important industry in both Dade and Monroe

counties. Total landings were valued at $3.0 million in Dade County and

$23.6 million in Monroe County in 1976, ranking those counties seventh and

first respectively, in Florida. Volume and value of landings declined in Dade

County but increased significantly in Monroe County from 1971 to 1976.

About 1,250 commercial fishermen operate one or more boats from the two

counties, with Monroe County having about 950 commercial boat owners. A

total of 59 dealers operate in the two county area with 32 of these in Monroe

County. The number of commercial boats registered in Dade County has declined

during the last 15 years, but commercial registrations in Monroe County

increased. Pleasure boat registrations have more than doubled in Dade County

and grown even more rapidly in Monroe County.

The rapid rise in pleasure boat numbers is a result of population growth

along the lower east coast and in the Keys. Total population in the two-county

region increased more than threefold from 1950 to 1977, and population projected

for 2000 is 40 percent more than the 1977 level. This growth has benefitted

the seafood industry of the area in many ways but problems have also developed.

Heavy pressure on fishery resources, pollution, destruction of habitat and

competition for waterfront property have affected the fishing industry adversely.

Shore facilities and services for the commercial fishing and seafood

industry are generally available in ports and landings areas used by fishermen

in both counties. Fish houses and other outlets handling catch need improvement.

Docking space is particularly restricted (Tables 14 and 16). Fishermen in both

counties feel ice plants need improving, as do diesel repair and marine railway

facilities. Gear storage is a serious need, especially for lobster and stone

crab fishermen.




32


Groups or individuals interested in improving conditions in the

seafood industry in these counties can use this report as a starting point

for identifying problems and for working toward possible solutions. The

County Extension Director in each county can assist groups in organizing

to solve problems and in contacting other groups and agencies for assistance.

Sources for marine economics information and publications are listed in the

Appendix.
































APPENDIX






Appendix Table 1.--Average monthly landings of fish and shellfish for Dade and Monroe Counties
from 1971-1976.

Dade Monroe Two County Total

Month Fish Shellfish Total Fish Shellfish Total Fish Shellfish Total

---------------------------------- 1,000 pounds-------------------------------
January 102 214 316 1,800 2,104 3,904 1,902 2,318 4,220
February 167 237 404 1,208 1,466 2,674 1,375 1,703 3,078
March 133 348 481 1,611 1,641 3,252 1,744 1,989 3,733
April 57 106 163 256 1,148 1,404 313 1,254 1,567
May 53 139 192 346 943 1,289 399 1,082 1,481
June 49 170 219 353 552 905 402 722 1,124
July 69 198 267 313 429 742 382 627 1,009
August 44 386 430 183 1,296 1,479 227 1,682 1,909
September 43 389 432 143 1,084 1,227 186 1,473 1,659
October 72 378 450 144 1,687 1,831 216 2,065 2,281
November 78 307 385 194 1,702 1,896 272 2,009 2,281
December 92 387 479 1,002 1,812 2,814 1,094 2,199 3,293


Source: Florida Landings, monthly issues, U.S. Department of Commerce.







Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976


King Silver Mutton Red Yellowtail
Year Month Ballyhoo Grouper mackerel mullet snapper snapper snapper

-----------------------------------Pounds------------------------------------

1971a January 12,143 3,334 9,124 11,750 507 7,524 2,285

February 8,572 4,671 3,950 11,500 98 4,500 2,691

March 4,000 1,678 7,339 12,505 650 7,011 6,615

April 6,429 2,992 1,274 13,000 820 1,502 8,677

May 5,143 9,742 1,626 8,000 2,829 3,386 11,306

June 2,750 1,979 16 6,700 865 0 2,361

July 1,572 1,594 77 8,000 1,501 2,903 12,034

August 2,572 1,379 1,178 7,000 77 1,368 3,264

September 3,164 967 205 4,826 1,475 2,559 2,600

October 28,571 2,926 20 13,759 1,749 3,496 5,319

November 42,857 2,737 190 10,000 3,605 1,375 2,083

December 57,143 4,443 0 8,500 951 3,410 978

Total 174,916 38,442 24,999 115,540 15,127 39,034 60,213





Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976--Continued


Spanish Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel Stone crab lobster Total fish shellfish Total

-----------------------------------Pounds---------------------------------

1971a January 1,409 16,328 199,712 59,545 217,306 276,851

February 7,108 14,626 218,135 50,807 233,174 283,981

March 412 10,221 435,501 48,312 446,845 495,157

April 387 1,561 0 37,764 3,392 41,156

May 0 707 0 44,539 2,338 46,877

June 0 0 0 21,075 1,836 22,911

July 0 0 0 30,433 1,442 31,875

August 0 0 375,579 26,495 376,315 402,810

September 0 0 396,242 18,436 398,076 416,512

October 0 7,973 418,608 61,953 427,684 489,637

November 140 11,814 511,187 68,620 523,445 592,065

December 75 17,018 430,139 78,670 447,996 526,666

Total 9,531 80,248 2,985,103 546,649 3,079,849 3,626,498


Includes Broward County.








Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976--Continued


King Silver Mutton Red Yellowtail
Year Month Ballyhoo Grouper mackerel mullet snapper snapper snapper

-----------------------------------Pounds------------------------------------

1972 January 42,857 4,497 10,250 11,575 563 5,442 4,187

February 57,143 4,568 10,310 9,053 1,258 4,600 5,161

March 2,000 8,304 21,045 9,000 2,280 5,889 9,996

April 6,428 5,255 2,418 15,536 1,465 5,277 6,376

May 2,778 2,944 3,992 8,330 1,016 381 3,526

June 3,686 5,676 54 11,300 2,082 2,586 17,378

July 2,750 2,953 791 11,200 2,391 1,910 19,886

August 2,714 6,266 638 13,400 1,886 5,930 6,810

September 15,880 4,223 290 12,800 1,324 9,112 13,193

October 50,000 5,567 3,668 7,500 2,406 18,326 7,803

November 69,771 1,580 3,867 10,950 1,210 3,625 2,634

December 23,457 6,161 10,048 7,130 1,756 1,820 6,281


57,994 67,371 127,774 19,637


64,898 103,231


Total 279,464





Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976--Continued


Spanish Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel Stone crab lobster Total fish shellfish Total

----------------------------------Pounds ---------------------------------

1972 January 29 9,160 233,843 99,056 244,283 343,339

February 2,010 11,669 383,976 104,766 396,580 501,346

March 27,251 10,954 611,569 99,118 624,772 723,890

April 100 3,750 34,806 47,289 39,876 87,165

May 0 484 98,425 26,004 99,877 125,881

June 0 0 91,149 46,136 91,961 138,097 co

July 52 0 272,613 93,985 273,535 367,520

August 0 0 586,887 52,502 587,895 640,397

September 10 0 816,660 76,987 817,571 894,558

October 719 4,949 778,105 159,619 784,274 943,893

November 444 9,192 393,855 98,165 403,271 501,436

December 1,468 9,468 709,295 68,235 720,463 788,698


Toa 3,835,66 5,1,1397,62 508,58 605,2


5,011,183 971,862


5,084,358 6,056,220


Total 32,083


59,626







Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976--Continued


King Silver Mutton Red Yellowtail
Year Month Ballyhoo Grouper mackerel mullet snapper snapper snapper


------------------------------------Pounds-------------------------------------

1973 January 29,957 2,069 1,699 7,900 588 4,716 6,378

February 11,971 2,920 2,266 8,800 228 4,791 2,016

March 2,000 10,294 2,484 14,530 4,219 2,871 7,556

April 5,000 5,119 198 13,125 1,498 1,060 5,021
ko
May 2,571 9,801 1,159 16,443 8,386 8,907 16,025

June 2,172 3,680 1,182 12,430 9,457 2,300 10,005

July 11,428 3,883 834 6,500 1,445 5,651 14,828

August 2,995 3,704 1,920 11,000 4,107 6,300 1,527

September 12,142 9,281 5,683 7,633 4,946 6,700 3,210

October 37,312 2,404 452 10,500 4,864 7,735 2,696

November 88,594 2,886 311 8,900 2,385 7,608 3,447

December 115,085 1,633 2,112 10,378 4,751 5,500 1,730


57,674 20,300 128,139 46,874


Total 321,227


64,139 74,439






Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976--Continued


Spanish Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel Stone crab lobster Total fish shellfish Total


1973 January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Total


--------------------------------------Pounds -----------------------------------

45,459 4,530 390,813 104,613 396,411 501,024

82,996 6,633 490,369 125,922 497,701 623,623

5,464 6,913 705,198 286,736 3,522 290,258

181 10,702 210,930 55,967 222,656 278,623

1,697 3,778 277,731 90,539 282,879 373,418

55 0 419,268 58,718 421,420 480,138

90 0 323,672 51,835 325,421 377,256

300 0 390,193 46,685 392,938 439,623

2,700 0 462,400 70,506 464,624 535,130

4,725 4,196 301,112 75,808 306,840 382,648

86 3,408 352,334 118,705 356,874 475,579

2,516 3,416 569,593 154,240 574,357 728,597

146,269 43,576 4,893,613 1,240,274 4,245,643 5,485,917







Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976--Continued


King Silver Mutton Red Yellowtail
Year Month Ballyhoo Grouper mackerel mullet snapper snapper snapper

------------------------------------Pounds ------------------------------------

1974 January 64,286 8,532 45,435 8,602 1,862 5,800 4,874

February 30,714 7,651 11,516 4,372 1,610 3,721 1,227

March 22,858 47,065 27,080 15,204 4,164 20,882 11,406

April 5,000 21,148 1,741 16,292 2,018 7,654 2,400

May 3,857 11,749 1,675 7,497 3,715 9,935 12,403

June 2,000 7,651 788 11,736 2,839 16,706 16,356

July 1,285 7,724 456 11,722 2,900 25,557 6,694

August 1,571 3,143 105 7,200 4,642 18,868 2,523

September 2,571 4,814 1,630 4,500 3,806 9,200 1,063

October 15,714 3,357 2,015 6,908 3,359 10,200 2,680

November 8,571 3,382 1,221 8,044 1,877 3,976 1,956

December 19,142 2,332 2,751 9,511 1,501 7,917 1,341


Total 177,569


111,588 34,293


140,416 64,923


128,548


96,413






Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976--Continued


Spanish Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel Stone crab lobster Total fish shellfish Total


1974 January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Total


-------------- -----------------Pounds------------------------------------

62,845 2,028 225,746 212,697 230,359 443,056

111,590 4,154 236,285 177,695 241,880 419,575

65,788 7,524 643,126 233,575 653,192 886,767

5,181 8,688 179,661 73,920 190,272 264,192

983 3,610 167,812 60.,041 173,062 233,103

19 0 240,453 65,227 242,551 307,778

0 0 263,932 60,217 265,562 325,779

54 0 432,978 43,746 424,766 468,512

20 0 349,934 28,316 350,738 379,054

80 10,728 424,778 53,389 436,517 489,906

90 7,980 315,391 36,634 323,798 360,432

59,659 9,013 372,045 108,985 390,845 499,830

306,309 53,725 3,852,141 1,154,442 3,923,542 5,077,984


--






Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976--Continued


King Silver Mutton Red Yellowtail
Year Month Ballyhoo Grouper mackerel mullet snapper snapper snapper

-------------------------------------Pounds----------------------------------

1975 January 21,429 11,834 566 4,437 2,279 3,720 1,364

February 17,143 18,699 5,763 9,284 1,453 5,218 3,835

March 8,571 22,844 22,844 11,211 1,348 9,684 3,470

April 857 19,349 20 11,200 2,094 8,842 2,651

May 2,000 13,240 0 8,700 4,267 13,644 5,297

June 2,429 31,337 54 3,000 3,139 6,618 9,857

July 0 13,025 86 653 2,977 6,108 3,095

August 0 11,170 1,008 8,180 2,379 6,200 2,618

September 6,486 4,866 148 7,200 2,400 6,472 1,535

October 17,143 2,792 1,568 6,034 2,949 3,225 4,371

November 71,428 1,860 811 7,659 1,683 3,500 3,050

December 65,503 4,624 799 7,780 2,146 4,400 1,165


212,989 155,640 33,667 85,338 29,114


77,631 42,308


Total






Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976--Continued


Spanish Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel Stone crab lobster Total fish shellfish Total

----------------------------------Pounds------------------------------------

1975 January 948 6,942 126,047 57,278 149,292 206,570

February 9,581 8,832 199,631 462,670 7,727 470,397

March 74 8,192 252,333 63,074 280,527 343,601

April 16,681 5,928 93,776 80,008 130,592 210,600

May 11 2,100 206,661 59,774 237,089 296,863

June 0 0 203,355 73,120 231,541 304,661

July 463 0 224,961 42,855 250,816 293,671

August 525 0 294,076 47,292 323,188 370,480

September 553 0 122,213 42,297 140,592 182,889

October 576 600 90,840 43,404 113,888 157,292

November 343 1,796 40,557 97,429 66,321 163,750

December 354 1,768 29,588 92,255 50,888 143,143


Tota 3010936,58 1884038 1,11,46 1,82,61 ,14,91


1,982,461 3,143,917


1,884,038 1,161,456


Total 30,109


36,158






Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976--Continued


King Silver Mutton Red Yellowtail
Year Month Ballyhoo Grouper mackerel mullet snapper snapper snapper


1976 January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Total


-----------------------------------Pounds--------------------------------------

17,143 19,555 29 4,000 2,974 2,650 1,037

38,500 14,756 94 4,721 3,694 3,547 2,449

1,043 20,045 1,499 862 2,801 460 5,155

4,000 12,983 4,219 6,702 3,428 3,460 3,675

3,571 8,864 2,557 6,530 4,418 3,025 3,061

3,571 6,074 0 6,000 2,214 6,200 5,334

2,429 20,318 0 4,500 2,710 0 4,651

3,000 4,979 210 420 1,795 2,500 4,755

1,071 700 6 7,400 2,519 25 1,474

8,571 3,718 19 4,500 4,947 0 10,421

17,400 2,314 1,793 3,600 4,959 20 9,295

22,857 7,652 419 4,000 929 2,354 1,574

123,156 121,958 10,845 53,235 37,388 24,241 52,881






Appendix Table 2.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Dade County,
1971-1976--Continued


Spanish Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel Stone crab lobster Total fish shellfish Total


1976 January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Total


------------------------------------Pounds- --------------------------------

34 750 15,391 79,206 49,036 128,242

839 1,836 13,814 83,266 42,205 125,471

186 1,770 48,489 67,250 78,034 145,284

102 3,023 13,176 49,543 45,978 95,521

84 5,038 8,094 37,140 36,487 73,627

0 0 8,352 31,859 32,885 64,744

10 0 45,984 135,423 72,327 207,750

4 0 192,091 49,681 211,462 261,143

0 0 149,683 22,611 165,263 187,874

9 4,084 180,698 39,566 197,545 237,111

350 3,868 146,447 49,799 170,205 220,004

33 6,746 106,596 52,239 139,168 191,407

1,651 27,115 928,815 697,583 1,240,595 1,938,178


Source: Florida Landings, monthly issues,


U.S. Department of Commerce.







Appendix Table 3.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1971-1976


King Silver Mangrove Mutton Yellowtail
Year Month Dolphin Grouper mackerel mullet Pompano snapper snapper snapper

-------------------------------------Pounds------------------------------------

1971 January 232 65,625 232,654 9,923 8,822 17,557 9,113 56,120

February 510 29,721 228,878 19,668 8,449 12,359 8,565 37,458

March 1,704 61,729 85,452 29,959 4,778 13,522 11,889 80,174

April 3,019 46,404 1,258 38,332 16,905 15,906 15,859 36,595

May 3,328 51,208 693 51,078 799 12,560 19,334 104,775

June 2,352 56,121 634 14,081 308 49,260 42,030 169,473

July 4,092 27,502 217 20,930 445 46,768 5,416 48,300

August 2,493 18,563 164 20,510 87 7,132 2,782 11,711

September 187 11,408 94 14,476 379 3,162 2,854 10,611

October 320 14,148 178 26,802 190 6,370 6,477 42,600

November 608 7,208 2,559 16,531 6,765 3,198 3,896 9,274

December 3,268 24,049 8,038 15,904 16,644 11,125 8,713 27,877


22,113 413,686 560,819 278,194


Total


64,571 198,919 136,928 634,968






Appendix Table 3.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1971-1976--Continued


Spanish Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel Stone crab lobster Shrimp Total fish shellfish Total


------------------------------------Pounds--------------------


1971 January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December


1,373,495

409,292

681,396

876

79

72

45

10

234

478

13,023

356,312


66,797

118,175

107,541

61,981

18,839

0

0

0

0

58,737

47,983

109,193


307,864

194,835

210,356

0

0

0

0

664,157

478,296

618,724

630,782

282,902


1,262,303

1,490,648

1,572,307

1,286,827

964,555

482,391

339,274

263,586

485,042

1,243,338

637,511

1,152,472


1,897,171

827,446

1,013,188

222,784

282,484

367,667

173,747

73,711

53,163

133,521

97,614

524,591


1,637,451

1,804,235

1,891,011

1,358,526

985,327

485,305

339,789

928,073

964,050

1,947,198

1,316,479

1,548,897


3,534,622

2,631,681

2,904,199

1,581,310

1,268,011

852,972

513,536

1,001,784

1,017,213

2,080,719

1,414,093

2,073,488


5,667,087 15,206,341 20,873,628


Total 2,835,312


589,246 3,387,916 11,180,254







Appendix Table 3.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1971-1976--Continued


King Silver Mangrove Mutton Yellowtail
Year Month Dolphin Grouper mackerel mullet Pompano snapper snapper snapper

---------------------------------------Pounds------------------------------------

1972 January 1,032 25,602 20,410 18,960 14,502 10,488 7,578 44,247

February 7,384 38,338 64,327 21,065 7,029 13,037 10,425 36,317

March 2,872 48,673 7,297 21,654 13,490 14,809 14,917 52,036

April 1,902 39,017 620 4,595 7,990 13,604 8,387 48,621

May 12,217 68,568 1,564 11,029 11,649 21,697 29,077 73,334

June 769 43,649 34 23,295 157 19,182 15,575 124,039

July 1,715 27,930 105 15,207 0 93,826 7,215 58,746

August 1,716 37,293 404 15,735 1,630 36,320 6,383 46,810

September 1,674 40,673 343 15,568 404 13,491 6,540 45,770

October 964 28,695 641 18,709 492 8,705 7,899 39,347

November 14 17,613 6,512 19,296 895 6,019 4,264 21,729

December 178 26,114 51,514 18,910 13,074 15,916 4,188 32,720


32,437 442,165 153,771 204,023


Total


71,312 267,094 122,448 623,716






Appendix Table 3--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1971-1976--Continued


Spanish Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel Stone crab lobster Shrimp Total fish shellfish Total


---------------------- Pounds------------------------------------


1972 January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December


529,931

175,142

928,494

7,745

244

120

84

54

207

159

789

83,119


134,648

94,755

142,840

43,407

50,277

0

0

0

0

42,360

39,702

71,026


443,895

389,523

165,074

0

84,318

49,104

40,818

619,420

658,990

835,726

408,282

518,978


1,366,130

1,453,800

1,795,831

840,625

700,695

425,790

457,933

466,796

251,833

281,671

698,474

1,358,207


752,294

430,222

1,158,124

158,157

267,501

247,531

230,806

170,141

149,798

133,860

108,082

325,758


1,947,640

1,941,017

2,104,918

899,747

885,033

475,956

499,409

1,101,809

917,406

1,169,075

1,146,886

1,948,579


2,699,934

2,371,239

3,263,042

1,057,904

1,152,534

723,487

730,215

1,271,950

1,067,204

1,302,935

1,254,968

2,274,337


4,132,274 15,037,475 19,169,749


--


Total 1,726,088


61.9,015 4,214,128 10,097,785






Appendix Table 3.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1971-1976--Continued


King Silver Mangrove Mutton Yellowtail
Year Month Dolphin Grouper mackerel mullet Pompano snapper snapper snapper

------------------------------------Pounds------------------------------------


1973 January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December


1,010

809

1,386

6,638

24,472

20,829

7,940

1,884

131

836

1,056

825


33,174

22,538

62,432

29,998

110,055

76,590

52,351

33,678

19,651

10,921

24,545

16,327


138,238

64,574

1,179,789

1,954

1,411

456

732

777

1,046

1,485

15,828

33,675


67,816 492,260 1,439,965 472,367 91,817 285,313 159,577 722,444


23,169

22,852

34,117

52,613

51,385

52,125

47,843

45,333

40,476

52,957

21,033

28,464


36,725

15,852

10,750

4,334

1,225

0

10

562

119

383

3,090

18,767


16,812

13,532

27,694

8,251

21,380

31,316

109,285

29,041

7,975

6,526

6,273

7,228


7,402

6,965

12,374

8,355

61,196

20,597

10,089

6,672

4,818

5,628

8,865

6,616


50,774

27,810

68,631

68,705

175,086

87,368

83,453

45,691

32,956

17,948

40,916

23,106


Total






Appendix Table 3.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1971-1976--Continued


Spanish Stone Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel crab lobster Shrimp Total fish shellfish Total


------------------------------------Pounds---- -------------------------------


1973 January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December


615,928

1,118,220

625,410

221

3,437

243

138

38

117

431

44,704

1,120,444


36,458

88,376

52,517

80,585

62,596

0

0

0

0

21,654

51,870

76,732


371,060

268,981

226,068

36,008

83,661

88,119

46,341

908,748

686,229

805,562

716,888

584,465


2,445,827

1,146,848

1,261,799

1,068,430

1,129,836

584,372

342,091

355,435

621,377

886,672

1,387,354

914,992


1,025,566

1,371,803

2,097,748

210,749

494,531

393,586

455,410

314,667

131,870

126,344

226,219

1,348,387


2,858,516

1,509,877

1,547,763

1,185,433

1,276,378

673,320

398,545

1,265,028

1,307,910

1,714,413

2,156,434

1,576,636


3,884,082

2,881,680

3,645,511

1,396,182

1,770,909

1,066,906

853,955

1,579,695

1,439,780

1,840,757

2,382,653

2,925,023


470,788 4,822,130 12,145,233 8,196,880


_ _


Total 3,529,331


17,470,253 25,667,133







Appendix Table 3.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1971-1976--Continued


King Silver Mangrove Mutton Yellowtail
Year Month Dolphin Grouper mackerel mullet Pompano snapper snapper snapper

------------------------------------Pounds------------------------------------


1974 January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December


599

947

0

0

0

0

25

0

0

0

0

264


49,042

29,315

126,356

75,306

94,909

104,090

39,806

6,761

18,139

10,017

15,801

25,385


192,575

254,773

1,650,800

2,093

1,174

975

652

1,022

106

434

2,328

80,712


396,148 70,111 237,820 178,661 667,338


41,321

15,108

50,568

27,968

37,178

34,757

20,420

34,114

33,710

77,846

3,450

19,708


8,176

5,631

12,001

1,138

1,815

1,445

375

0

8,324

6,771

6,550

17,885


20,309

13,053

36,386

10,579

16,177

25,413

79,882

12,195

3,914

5,812

5,154

8,946


9,062

7,583

25,441

14,576

32,979

34,858

9,195

16,316

8,421

6,310

5,731

8,189


54,269

40,631

112,899

45,466

104,844

151,728

74,500

17,876

15,336

21,732

16,145

21,912


Total


1,835 594,927 2,187,644







Appendix Table 3.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1971-1976--Continued


Spanish Stone Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel crab lobster Shrimp Total fish shellfish Total


------------------------------------Pounds----------------------------------------


1.974 January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December


1,958,628

783,272

1,206,384

280

440

216

46

18

110

148

8,841

970,748


101,008

88,874

280,513

95,127

30,910

0

0

802

0

50,010

67,759

117,943


156,086

124,566

289,202

113,482

132,253

116,913

48,675

910,862

597,667

1,472,927

500,702

990,559


2,375,948

733,859

1,017,917

820,458

652,727

525,030

404,043

297,002

359,287

702,988

1,692,564

1,423,088


2,467,190

1,202,001

3,314,903

217,391

346,073

448,538

245,310

104,990

111,806

167,828

89,369

1,227,524


2,633,358

956,136

1,590,130

1,030,626

817,866

642,921

452,970

1,209,185

957,548

2,226,315

2,261,876

2,533,425


5,100,548

2,158,137

4,905,033

1,248,017

1,163,939

1,091,459

698,280

1,314,175

1,069,354

2,394,143

2,351,245

3,760,949


832,946 5,453,894 11,004,911 9,942,923


__ __


Total 4,929,131


17,312,356 27,255,279








Appendix Table 3.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1975-1976--Continued


King Silver Mangrove Mutton Yellowtail
Year Month Dolphin Grouper mackerel mullet Pompano snapper snapper snapper

---------------------------------------Pounds-------------------------------------

1975 January 376 42,884 134,965 25,854 1,880 8,804 9,430 38,624

February 127 62,699 9,902 24,039 1,536 14,626 10,491 54,170

March 814 60,971 60,971 33,678 2,939 7,638 13,472 40,612

April 1,665 70,947 1,454 21,925 9,254 7,113 15,923 47,226

May 32,654 96,509 832 44,862 1,053 7,265 27,416 91,293

June 26,540 92,368 232 14,650 0 11,297 44,687 89,626

July 16,358 66,363 136 41,089 0 71,178 21,244 53,306

August 13,382 42,097 182 27,322 6,693 11,862 4,984 17,167

September 0 47,391 332 27,967 8,004 4,754 6,751 16,539

October 277 41,119 3,184 23,579 3,049 5,329 6,198 24,797

November 25 21,118 26,641 28,712 8,580 4,086 6,086 18,697

December 1,347 37,177 196,586 37,461 44,091 4,041 4,367 26,826


93,565 681,643 435,417 351,138


Total


87,079 157,993 171,049 518,883







Appendix Table 3.--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1975-1976--Continued


Spanish Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel Stone crab lobster Shrimp Total fish shellfish Total


-------------------------------------Pounds---------------


1975 January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December


1,096,701

240,323

445,941

67,163

104

2,652

66

5

37

193

13,378

992,313


92,726

114,655

84,862

77,029

13,742

0

0

0

0

57,187

165,482

117,456


240,294

126,768

157,987

65,796

37,908

39,934

68,528

1,435,219

867,305

826,956

545,536

347,148


1,397,940

880,610

1,196,437

766,549

838,372

453,814

338,255

459,034

539,619

876,196

692,504

1,098,411


1,432,374

474,643

652,861

295,746

348,055

349,535

292,748

156,469

164,818

143,667

175,277

1,407,220


1,748,613

1,148,718

1,460,818

933,013

894,704

493,748

407,564

1,895,088

1,415,750

1,760,785

1,403,949

1,563,742


3,180,987

1,623,361

2,113,679

1,228,759

1,242,759

843,283

700,312

2,051,557

1,580,568

1,904,452

1,579,226

2,970,962


723,139 4,759,379 9,537,741 5,893,413


Total 2,878,876


15,126,492 21,019,905







Appendix Table 3--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1975-1976--Continued


King Silver Mangrove Mutton Yellowtail
Year Months Dolphin Grouper mackerel mullet Pompano snapper snapper snapper

---------------------------------------Pounds-------------------------------------

1976 January 202 48,515 418,839 48,365 30,178 6,474 3,209 25,800

February 81 76,144 567,074 35,977 21,635 7,326 7,104 40,574

March 1,954 146,879 395,618 60,045 11,623 16,587 10,646 84,801

April 6,065 113,388 1,007 105,868 22,448 11,362 15,432 105,532

May 11,493 112,703 585 40,344 401 10,232 5,561 101,562

June 18,635 136,344 245 31,282 2,385 15,921 6,494 57,757

July 22,399 202,609 313 45,181 1,045 45,139 6,512 104,369

August 9,136 139,665 792 21 1,314 17,439 5,499 46,418

September 1,907 87,062 47,426 23,748 206 14,764 3,851 41,040

October 307 49,542 1,330 22,816 17 5,990 8,076 36,216

November 809 39,777 7,091 18,460 19,399 8,611 6,605 708

December 224 43,694 152,300 22,624 35,909 7,188 7,188 30,944


1,592,620 454,731 146,560 167,033


86,177 675,771


Total 73,212 1,196,322







Appendix Table 3--Total landings of selected fish and shellfish species by months, Monroe County,
1975-1976 --Continued


Spanish Spiny Total
Year Month mackerel Stone crab lobster Shrimp Total fish shellfish Total

-------------------------------------Pounds----------------------------------

1976 January 2,548,993 158,452 255,792 1,382,600 3,227,332 1,797,340 5,024,672

February 2,097,931 184,425 133,979 1,106,001 2,943,150 1,437,562 4,380,712

March 627,988 55,168 250,179 1,115,111 1,431,048 1,434,073 2,865,121

April 4,820 130,667 187,155 1,159,372 429,999 1,479,755 1,909,754

May 1,129 33,676 5,562 754,289 341,427 796,648 1,138,075

June 682 0 1,720 537,754 310,359 539,629 849,988

July 339 0 112,602 356,607 480,140 477,757 957,897

August 46 0 1,035,567 338,947 275,858 1,379,982 1,655,840

September 128 0 579,202 354,804 250,724 938,949 1,189,673

October 96 45,515 798,368 454,203 159,530 1,302,947 1,462,477

November 261,701 164,351 581,876 1,177,316 463,896 1,928,523 2,392,419

December 812,396 110,561 310,531 1,276,577 1,180,202 1,700,052 2,880,254

Total 6,356,249 882,815 4,252,533 10,013,581 11,493,665 15,213,217 26,706,882


monthly issues, U.S. Department of Commerce.


Source: Florida Landinas,
















FLORIDA SEAFOOD


PORT TUD)7


Y... :l


Dear Seafouud Dealer:

A\r commercial fishing facilities adequate in
,our ,rea. The (,ulf and South Atlantic Fisheries
D)eelllpmenl Fi .rndatioii and Nout industry\ aw',ia-
ttinl hi\e akcd us to determine the need for new
or improved port facilities and possible locations for
them.


Your opinions are important to us. Even if you are not now a seafood dealer, please complete the part
of the ltirm that pertains to you and return it to us today it will onil take a few minutes Your answers
will show whether or not commerical fishing port improvements are needed.

Your prompt attention is appreciated.
Sincerely,




James C. Cato
Marine Economist




MFred Eoohamis
Marine Economist


25""
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A Cooperative Project of
Florida Agricultural Market Research Center
Gulf & South Atlantic Fisheries Development Foundation, Inc.
Florida Sea Grant


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SEAFOOD DEALER PROCESSOR SURVEY



You were a sIafood dea!es a-d or processor in 1977
according to our records Ar- , still i' this business1

D Yes lese cot'n.-u

-1 No i no Dieas'- retri today so me will
knoW yo3 '-cpred the quesrionnaire
(NO POSTAGE REQUIRED
Tna-'k eo-

2 vou are he seafood D.s '-ss please check the most
important products you hand -


F SH

Grouper

Span! sh mackeh r

K~'g mackerel

Pompano

Rec snauoer

A athee s'ano-s




Bust

Other ish (hlist)


SHELLFISH

Blue crabs

Stone crabs

Scallops

Sh' mO

Spony lobster

OTher shellfish
(lstl)


3 Please complete the lolo.nmg about your seafood business
A. In column A. check n we facilites and services you now offer Then.
B In column B. check rre facilities and services you would Ihke added or improved

Column A Column B
Those you Those youwould lke
Fac t*es or servcs now offer addne or improved


CommenTs


Shrimp unload rig cause

Crab unloading

Lobster house

F sh house

Processing of unused itsh

Ba-t sales and supp'


Freezes dana cola :o'aue

ice house

Gear storage area

Goar supply

G-a:r 'ia se,. c.

Electronics severCe

Engqne repair se'. ,ce

Ma'mle ralvway

FuCt; SdlC

Groceres

Restaurant

Retail seafood market

L'quld waste d'soosal

So'i n estI : 0 SiJSo. i S n rn.hr' .
' S' scrap etc

Other (isti


4 What other items are neeoac :o improve your seafood
business, or to help yOu m-,r: eo-ernment renulrements7

Needed imDroeTmprin Ch.ck a i that apply

More ratood tom 'I.sn O

More workers O

Better trained worKers O1

Better roads or truck g C]

Financial assistance to re- O
sanmation or pollution
control requirements

Others l(sti


5 Howmany pounds did VoL e r 1977)
CONFIDENTIALI

FISH SHELLFISH

Ol Undes 50 00o: u rW... 50 000 t

O 50.0DO0000000 M 50.,o1000000

[ 100.000 300.000 'Os [ 100,000 300.000 bID

C Over 300.000 o Over 300.000 I.

















FLORIDA SEAFOOD


PORT STO7


OC-n
M 1 I






at
t C.


Mt


~.c v

ft Z

I,
'cv)



ft -
0-

-I-


Dear Commercial Boat Owner:


Are commercial fishing facilities adequate in ...-
voul area' The Gulf and South Atlantic Fisheries
Development Foundation and your industry associa-
tions hadc asked us to determine the need foi new --
or improved port facilities and possible locations for
them.

Y'tolr upinionS are important to us. Even if \ou are not engaged ,n i,"merc.a fishing, please complete
the part oi the forni that pertains to you and return it to us todas It wn; uni, take a few minutes. YOL
answers will show whether or not commercial fishing port improvements are needed.

Your prompt attention is appreciated.
Sincerel,




James C. Cato
Marine Economist




Fred ). Pochaska
Marine Economist

JCC.FjP.pb


0 t

0-0n
o


A Cooperac' e Project of
Florida Agricultural Market Research Center
Gulf & South Atlantic Fisheries Development Foundatvo-. Inc.
Florida Sea Grant


I.












COMMERCIAL FISHERMAN SURVEY
1. You owned a commercial fishing boat n 1977 according to state booa registratrcn records. Do you still own one or more commercial boots'
] Yes- - Please continue O No - If no, poeose return todoy so we will know you received the questionnaire NO POSTACE PEQUIRED. Thank you.
c. De ou use ou bc't for commerce ol i,sh,nqg
Soer - P eose ccnriue No - no, creose return lodc) so we w I know you received the quetionnaoi NO POSTACE REQUIRED Thoan you
A. ;n column A chec" and rate the facilities and services that you now use.
B. n column E checL which (oaciiiies or series you would use i avoaiable or improved .


3. Check I( you are ciss o deoe' --
4. What Florida p,- do voi use wnosn"


or o supplier .


5. How for is it t'' yoL..r hn,-l t' s ocD-"' _- Mies

6. On the overage, ha* aor is '*.s po't ron yu-r usual fishing
grounds' ... Mies
7 How many pounds d d you se:' 1977' CONFIDENTIAL)


Fact es or se-, ces

I. Shrmp unlood.ng oouse
2. Crab unloading
3. Lobate' house
4. Fish house
5. Processing of unused fish
6. Ba t sales and supply
7. Docking facilties
8. Freezer and co'l s'o,rge
9. ice house
10. Gear storage area
11. Gear supply
12. Gear repair service
13. Elec-cnics service
14. E- ne repoi service
15. Marine railwoy
16. Fuel sales
17. Groceries
18. Restaurant
19. Reta' seafood omrkei
20. Fishermens' meeting room
21. Liquid waste disposal
22. Sol-d waste disposal
23. Other 'ihs


Check only
thuse vou use


Colu-- A
Rec ng


Column B
Check those you would use
Needs improving if available or improved


Lonrnme's


O 0- 50j0 sin
o 5,000-10,050 -sn

o 10,000-2500" ,s

O 25,000 r more


SHELLFISH

O 0- 5,000 lbs
0 5,003-10,000 Ibs
S10,000 -25,000'lbs

O 25.000 or mone


Comments -- -








Mail Survey Procedures and Responses


Each of the two questionnaires shown previously were sent to

commercial fishermen or seafood dealers, as appropriate, in the 17

county areas of central and south Florida (Figure 2). The questionnaire

to commercial boat owners was sent to 6,114 holders of 1977-78 Florida

commercial boat registrations listed with the Florida Department of

Natural Resources (Appendix Table 4). A total of 190 seafood whole-

salers and/or processors, registered with the National Marine Fisheries

Service in 1976, received the dealer questionnaire. A second copy of

the appropriate questionnaire was sent to those who had not responded in

each group approximately four weeks after the first mailing.

The response from commercial boat owners, considered commercial
fishermen in this study, was about 16 percent from the first mailing

with a slightly higher rate of return from the second questionnaire.

Total return was 2,487 completed questionnaires from fishermen or about

41 percent of the initial number mailed. Of the 2,487 respondents,

1,454 were still active commercial fishermen (Appendix Table 4).

It is assumed that boat owners not replying after the second mailing

were or were not active commercial fishermen in the same proportion as

boat owners returning the questionnaires. Applying the percentage that
active fishermen in each county are of respondents from the county to

total county boat registrations gives an estimated 3,574 commercial

fishermen still active of the 6,114 registered commercial boat owners

in this 17 county region (Appendix Table 4).

The response.from the total number of seafood dealers in the 17

county area were about 27 percent for the first mailing which was much

higher during the same period of time than for the commercial fishermen







the same period of time than for the commercial fishermen. At the end

of the second mailing, 45 percent or 86 dealers returned questionnaires,

resulting in a slightly larger net rate of return than commercial fishermen

response (Appendix Table 5). Of these 86 respondents, 77 were still

active dealers.


Appendix Table 4.--Questionnaire disposition and responses, commercial
fishermen, all counties and Dade and Monroe Counties.


Dade and Monroe
Disposition or Dade and Monroe Counties as a
response All counties Counties share of total

Number Percent Number Percent Percent

Total mailed 6,114 100 2,181 100 36

Returned unable
to deliver 410 7 202 9 49


Individuals receiving
questionnaires 5,704 93 1,979 91 35

Questionnaires not
returned 3,217 53 1,237 57 39


Questionnaires
returned 2,487 41 742 34 30

Respondents:

No longer own boat 350 6 102 5 29

No longer fishing 683 11 213 10 31


Still active 1,454 24 427 20 29





65



Appendix Table 5.--Questionnaire dispositions and responses, dealer survey,
all counties and Dade and Monroe Counties.



Dade and Monroe
Disposition or Dade and Monroe
response All counties


Number Percent Number Percent


Percent


Total mailed

Returned unable
to deliver


Individuals recieving
questionnaires

Questionnaires not
returned

Questionnaires
returned

Respondents:

No longer dealer


58 100


88


50


38


174


88


86


77 40 18


Still active


31 23








Additional Information Sources


Research and extension education in marine economics constitutes an
important program segment of the Food and Resource Economics Department at
the University of Florida. A large number of publications relating to
economic activity in the general area of Florida commercial fishing as well
as specific publications on mullet, shrimp, spiny lobster, snapper, grouper,
blue crabs, king mackerel and Spanish mackerel are available on request.
For a listing of Publications in Marine Economics write:

James C. Cato
1170 McCarty Hall
Food and Resource Economics
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611

The Marine Advisory Program of the SUS Sea Grant Program also provides
educational services through the Florida Cooperative Extension Service.
For a Florida Sea Grant Program Directory write:

Mr. Tom Leahy
G-022 McCarty Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611

or contact your local county Cooperative Extension Service Office.










REFERENCES


Bureau of Economic and Business Research. Florida Statistical Abstract.
University of Florida Press, Gainesville.

Florida Department of Natural Resources. "Commercial Boat Registrations
1977-78." Tallahassee: 1978.

SSummary of Florida Commercial Marine Landings, 1971 through
1976. Tallahassee.

Mathis, Kary, James C. Cato, Robert L. Degner, Paul D. Landrum and Fred
J. Prochaska. Commercial Fishing Activity and Facility Needs in
Florida: Citrus County. Industry Report 78-2, Florida Agricultural
Market Research Center, University of Florida, Gainesville, July 1978.

Commercial Fishing Activity and Facility Needs in Florida:
Clay, Putnam, and St. Johns Counties. Industry Report 78-3, Florida
Agricultural Market Research Center, University of Florida, Gaines-
ville, July 1978.

Commercial Fishing Activity and Facility Needs in Florida:
Dixie and Levy Counties. Industry Report 78-4, Florida Agricultural
Market Research Center, University of Florida, Gainesville, July 1978.

Commercial Fishing Activity and Facility Needs in Florida:
Okaloosa and Santa Rosa Counties. Industry Report 78-5, Florida
Agricultural Market Research Center, University of Florida, Gaines-
ville, July 1978.

Commercial Fishing Port Development in North Florida. Industry
Report 78-6, Florida Agricultural Market Research Center, University
of Florida, Gainesville, July, 1978.

SCommercial Fishing Activity and Facility Needs in Florida:
Brevard, Broward, Indian River, Martin, Palm Beach, St. Lucie, and
Volusia Counties. Industry Report 79-1, Florida Agricultural
Market Research Center, University of Florida, Gainesville, February,
1979.

.Commercial Fishing Activity and Facility Needs in Florida:
CharTotte, Collier, and Lee Counties. Industry Report 79-2, Florida
Agricultural Market Research Center, Unviersity of Florida, Gainesville,
February 1979.

Commercial Fishing Activity and Facility Needs in Florida:
Dade and Monroe Counties. Industry Report 79-3, Florida AgrTulTtural
Market Research Center, University of Florida, Gainesville, February
1979.





68



Mathis, Kary, James C. Cato, Robert L. Degner, Paul D. Landrum and Fred
J. Prochaska. Commercial Fishing Activity and Facility Needs in
Florida: Hillsborough, Manatee, and Pasco Counties. Industry Report
79-4, Florida Agricultural Market Research Center, University of
Florida, Gainesville, February 1979.

National Marine Fisheries Service. "Processors of Fishery Products in
the U.S., 1976." U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.

S "Wholesale Dealers in Fishery Products in the U.S., 1976."
Unpublished. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.




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