• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Title Page
 Credits
 Table of Contents
 Introduction and purpose of...
 Source of data and factors affecting...
 Combined index of 37 Florida farm...
 Florida farm prices and the general...
 Comparison of farm prices in Florida...
 Group price index numbers and purchasing...
 Purchasing power of Florida farm...
 Seasonal variation of Florida farm...
 Monthly farm prices and price relatives...
 Method of construction of the Florida...
 Historic note






Group Title: Bulletin - University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station ; 399
Title: Florida farm prices
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027442/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida farm prices
Series Title: Bulletin University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station
Physical Description: 106 p. : charts ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Spurlock, A. H
Noble, C. V ( Clarence Vernon ), b. 1885
Publisher: University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1944
 Subjects
Subject: Agricultural prices -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by A.H. Spurlock and C.V. Noble.
General Note: Cover title.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027442
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000925207
oclc - 18232014
notis - AEN5854

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Credits
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Table of Contents
        Page 4
    Introduction and purpose of study
        Page 5
    Source of data and factors affecting farm prices
        Page 6
    Combined index of 37 Florida farm products
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Florida farm prices and the general price level & Relations of prices received to prices paid
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    Comparison of farm prices in Florida with other states
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Group price index numbers and purchasing power of Florida farm prices
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
    Purchasing power of Florida farm products
        Page 34
    Seasonal variation of Florida farm prices
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
    Monthly farm prices and price relatives of each product
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
    Method of construction of the Florida farm price index
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
    Historic note
        Page 107
Full Text



Bulletin 399


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION
HAROLD MOWRY, Director
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA











FLORIDA FARM PRICES


By A. H. SPURLOCK and C. V. NOBLE


















Single copies free to Florida residents upon request to
AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA


June, 1944









BOARD OF CONTROL

H. P. Adair, Chairman, Jacksonville
N. B. Jordan, Quincy
T. T. Scott, Live Oak
Thos. W. Bryant, Lakeland
M. L. Mershon, Miami
J. T. Diamond, Secretary, Tallahassee

EXECUTIVE STAFF

John J. Tigert, M.A., LL.D., President of the
Universitys
Harold Mowry, M.S.A., Director
L. O. Gratz, Ph.D., Asst. Dir., Research
W. M. Fifield. M.S., Asst. Dir., Admin.'
J. Francis Cooper, M.S.A., Editors
Clyde Beale, A.B.J., Assistant Editors
Jefferson Thomas, Assistant Editors
Ida Keeling Cresap, Librarian
Ruby Newhall, Administrative Managers
K. H. Graham, LL.D., Business Managers
Claranelle Alderman, Accountants

MAIN STATION, GAINESVILLE

AGRONOMY

W. E. Stokes, M.S., Agronomist'
Fred H. Hull, Ph.D., Agronomist
G. E. Ritchey, M.S., Agronomist2
W. A. Carver, Ph.D., Associate
Roy E. Blaser, M.S., Associate
G. B. Killinger, Ph.D., Agronomist
H. C. Harris, Ph.D., Associate
R. W. Bledsoe, Ph.D., Assistant
Fred A. Clark, B.S., Assistant

ANIMAL INDUSTRY

A. L. Shealy, D.V.M., An. Industrialist' 3
R. B. Becker, Ph.D., Dairy Husbandman3
E. L. Fouts, Ph.D., Dairy Technologists
D. A. Sanders, D.V.M., Veterinarian
M. W. Emmel, D.V.M., Veterinarian'
L. E. Swanson, D.V.M., Parasitologist'
N. R. Mehrhof, M.Agr., Poultry Husb.3
G. K. Davis, Ph.D., Animal Nutritionist
T. R. Freeman, Ph.D., Asso. in Dairy Mfg.
R. S. Glasscock, Ph.D., Asso. An. Husb.
D. J. Smith, B.S.A., Asst. An. Husb.'
P. T. Dix Arnold, M.S.A., Asst. Dairy Husb.3
C. L. Comar, Ph.D., Asso. Biochemist
L. E. Mull, M.S., Asst. in Dairy Tech.'
O. K. Moore, M.S., Asst. Poultry Husb.3
J. E. Pace, B.S., Asst. An. Husbandman'
S. P. Marshall, M.S., Asst. in An. Nutrition
C. B. Reeves, B.S., Asst. Dairy Tech.

ECONOMICS, AGRICULTURAL

C. V. Noble, Ph.D., Agr. Economist1 s
Zach Savage, M.S.A., Associate
A. H. Spurlock, M.S.A., Associate
Max E. Brunk, M.S., Assistant


ECONOMICS, HOME

Ouida D. Abbott, Ph.D., Home Econ.1
Ruth O. Townsend, R.N., Assistant
R. B. French, Ph.D., Biochemist


ENTOMOLOGY

J. R. Watson, A.M., Entomologist'
A. N. Tissot, Ph.D., Associates
H. E. Bratley, M.S.A., Assistant


HORTICULTURE

G. H. Blackmon, M.S.A., Horticulturist'
A. L. Stahl, Ph.D., Asso. Horticulturist
F. S. Jamison, Ph.D., Truck Hort.
R. J. Wilmot, M.S.A., Asst. Hort.
R. D. Dickey, M.S.A., Asst. Hort.'
J. Carlton Cain, B.S.A., Asst. Hort.'
Victor F. Nettles, M.S.A., Asst. Hort.'
Byron E. Janes, Ph.D., Asst. Hort.
F. S. Lagasse, Ph.D., Asso. Short 5
H. M. Sell, Ph.D., Asso. Horticulturist3


PLANT PATHOLOGY

W. B. Tisdale, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist'
Phares Decker, Ph.D., Asso. Plant Path.
Erdman West, M.S., Mycologist
Lillian E. Arnold, M.S., Asst. Botanist


SOILS


R. V. Allison, Ph.D., Chemist1
Gaylord M. Volk, M.S., Chemist
F. B. Smith, Ph.D., Microbiologists
C. E. Bell, Ph.D., Associate Chemist
L. E. Ensminger, Ph.D., Soils Chemist
J. R. Henderson, M.S.A., Soil Technologist
L. H. Rogers, Ph.D., Associate Biochemist'
R. A. Carrigan, B.S., Asso. Biochemist"
G. T. Sims, M.S.A., Associate Chemist
J. N. Howard, B.S., Assistant Chemist
T. C. Erwin, Assistant Chemist
H. W. Winsor, B.S.A., Assistant Chemist
Geo. D. Thornton, M.S., Asst. Microbiologist
R. E. Caldwell, M.S.A., Asst. Soil Surveyor'
Olaf C. Olson, B.S., Asst. Soil Surveyor



SHead of Department.
2 In cooperation with U. S.
SCooperative, other divisions, U. of F.
SIn Military Service.
On leave.















BRANCH STATIONS
NORTH FLORIDA STATION, QUINCY

J. D. Warner, M.S., Vice-Director in Charge
R. R. Kincaid, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist
V. E. Whitehurst, Jr., B.S.A., Asst. An. Husb.4
W. C. McCormick, B.S.A., Asst. An. Husb.
Jesse Reeves, Asst. Agron., Tobacco
W. H. Chapman, M.S., Asst. Agron.'
R. C. Bond, M.S.A., Asst. Agronomist

Mobile Unit, Monticello
R. W. Wallace, B.S., Associate Agronomist

Mobile Unit, Milton
Ralph L. Smith, M.S., Associate Agronomist

CITRUS STATION, LAKE ALFRED

A. F. Camp, Ph.D., Vice-Director in Charge
V. C. Jamison, Ph.D., Soils Chemist
B. R. Fudge, Ph.D., Associate Chemist
W. L. Thompson, B.S., Entomologist
W. W. Lawless, B.S., Asst. Horticulturist4
R. K. Voorhees, Ph.D., Asso. Plant Path.
C. R. Stearns, Jr., B.S.A., Asso. Chemist
H. 0. Sterling, B.S., Asst. Horticulturist
T. W. Young, Ph.D., Asso. Horticulturist
J. W. Sites, M.S.A., Asso. Horticulturist


EVERGLADES STA., BELLE GLADE

J. R. Neller, Ph.D., Vice-Director in Charge
J. W. Wilson, Sc.D., Entomologist4
F. D. Stevens, B.S., Sugarcane Agron.
Thomas Bregger, Ph.D., Sugarcane
Physiologist
G. R. Townsend, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist
R. W. Kidder, M.S., Asst. An. Husb.
W. T. Forsee, Jr., Ph.D., Asso. Chemist
B. S. Clayton, B.S.C.E., Drainage Eng.2
F. S. Andrews, Ph.D., Asso. Truck Hort.'
R. A. Bair, Ph.D., Asst. Agronomist
E. C. Minnum, M.S., Asst. Truck Hort.
N. C. Hayslip, B.S.A., Asst. Entomologist


SUB-TROPICAL STA., HOMESTEAD

Geo. D. Ruehle, Ph.D., Vice-Director in
Charge
S. J. Lynch, B.S.A., Asso. Horticulturist
P. J. Westgate, Ph.D., Asso. Horticulturist


W. CENT. FLA. STA., BROOKSVILLE

Clement D. Gordon, Ph.D., Asso. Poultry
Geneticist in Charge2

RANGE CATTLE STA., ONA

W. G. Kirk, Ph.D., Vice-Director in Charge
E. M. Hodges, Ph.D., Asso. Agron., Wauchula
Gilbert A. Tucker, B.S.A., Asst. An. Husb.'


FIELD STATIONS
Leesburg
M. N. Walker, Ph.D., Plant Path. in Charge'
E. M. Andersen, Ph.D., Asso. Hort. in Charge

Plant City
A. N. Brooks, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist

Hastings
A. H. Eddins, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist
E. N. McCubbin, Ph.D., Truck Horticulturist

Monticello
S. 0. Hill, B.S., Asst. Entomologist2 '
A. Phillips, B.S., Asst. Entomologist2

Bradenton
J. R. Beckenbach, Ph.D., Horticulturist in
Charge
E. G. Kelsheimer, Ph.D., Entomologist
F. T. McLean, Ph.D., Horticulturist
A. L. Harrison, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist
David G. Kelbert, Asst. Plant Pathologist
E. L. Spencer, Ph.D., Soils Chemist

Sanford
R. W. Ruprecht, Ph.D., Chemist in Charge
J. C. Russell, M.S., Asst. Entomologist

Lakeland
E. S. Ellison, Meteorologist2 6
Warren O. Johnson, Meteorologist2

1 Head of Department.
2 In cooperation with U. S.
3 Cooperative, other divisions, U. of F.
'In Military Service.
s On leave.











CONTENTS
Page
INTRODUCTION ....................-.....--- ..-.. -.. 5
PURPOSE OF STUDY ........................--......----------- 5
SOURCE OF DATA ...............................-.......------- 6
FACTORS AFFECTING FARM PRICES ......................----...... ----- 6
COMBINED INDEX OF 37 FLORIDA FARM PRODUCTS .............................-------- 7
FLORIDA FARM PRICES AND THE GENERAL PRICE LEVEL ..-------.......................--- 9
RELATION OF PRICES RECEIVED TO PRICES PAID .......................................----- 9
Prices Paid by United States Farmers for Commodities Used in
Living and Production ....................................... 9
Florida Farm Real Estate Taxes and Land Values ...................-........ 11
Rail Freight Rates ..............................-------...- .... 13
Florida Farm W age Rates .. -----............. ..... ...- ........................... 14
COMPARISON OF FARM PRICES IN FLORIDA WITH OTHER STATES ............ 14
United States ....................------ --- ------ ---------- 14
California ...........-................ ----------.---. ... --- 17
North Dakota and Iowa ............-- .......-------------------. 17
Alabama ...................................--------------------- 18
Pennsylvania and W isconsin .................................................................. 18
GROUP PRICE INDEX NUMBERS AND PURCHASING POWER OF FLORIDA
FARM PRICES ...... .........----------------....... -................... -- 21
Grains .................................-- ------------.------ 21
Cotton and Cotton Seed .-................... --------------.----- 22
Dairy Products ....------................---------- ---------- 23
Poultry Products ---..................... ---------------------24
Meat Animals .............. ------------. ........... --------26
Citrus .....................---- -----------.......----- 29
Truck Crops ........................................------ -- 31
Miscellaneous Products ..................................--------- ..... 33
PURCHASING POWER OF FLORIDA FARM PRICES .-------......................................----. 34
SEASONAL VARIATION OF FLORIDA FARM PRICES ............................................ 35
MONTHLY FARM PRICES AND PRICE RELATIVES OF EACH PRODUCT ........ 41
A PPENDIX ...................................................... ......... ........................ ---.... 97
Method of Construction of the Florida Farm Price Index ................ 97
Type of Index ...................... ---------- ------------ 97
Commodities Included ----------..................... .................. 97
System of Weighting .........................----------------- 97
Base Period for Prices ......................----------- --------- 100
Computation of Index Numbers .......................... ...................... 101
Method of Handling Discontinuous Price Series ............................ 102
Factors for Converting the Index from the Base Period Given
to Other Bases .-... .............................. .... 102
Conclusions on Methods of Calculating Index Numbers for
Florida Farm Prices ............................-......................... 103










FLORIDA FARM PRICES

By A. H. SPURLOCK and C. V. NOBLE

INTRODUCTION

The money income of farmers is affected by both prices re-
ceived and quantities of crops and livestock sold. Thus, price
information is important to farmers because of the constant
adjustment of production, consumption and marketing to price.
Production of most commodities responds to price changes, as
does consumption, though in a different manner. A price change
may result in an increased consumption of a product, or in de-
creased consumption and substitution.
The adjustment of production to price changes in agriculture
may be slower in some commodities than in others. Groves, for
example, require years for development and cannot be adjusted
readily to price changes. Livestock production also takes longer
to respond to price changes than does the production of annual
crops.

PURPOSE OF STUDY

The purpose of this study is to present a history of Florida
agricultural prices and to relate these prices to prices paid by
farmers and to certain other farm costs.
It is difficult to make direct comparisons between prices or
price changes of several commodities; or over a long period of
time. One commodity is quoted in cents per dozen and another
in cents per pound or in dollars per box. To overcome this diffi-
culty an index has been prepared to measure price changes in
Florida farm products by expressing prices as a percentage of a

Acknowledgments.-Special credit is due Mr. J. C. Townsend, Jr., Mr.
H. A. Marks, Mr. W. F. Callander and other members of the staff of the
Orlando, Florida, office of the United States Bureau of Agricultural Eco-
nomics for making available data on prices, production and quantities sold;
also for many suggestions and careful criticism of procedure. Mr. Town-
send and Mr. Callander have reviewed the manuscript. It has been read and
criticized also by Dr. O. C. Stine and Dr. Arthur G. Peterson of the Bureau
of Agricultural Economics, Washington, D. C.
Grateful thanks are expressed also to Mr. W. F. Callander for furnishing
much efficient clerical assistance in essential statistical revision work made
necessary by the constructive criticisms offered of the original manuscript.
The cooperation of many growers, shippers and cooperative associations
in making available their records of prices on truck crops prior to 1928 is
gratefully acknowledged.






Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


given base price.1 This provides a convenient device for price
comparisons among groups of commodities, or prices of one
period with another, or prices of one product with another.

SOURCE OF DATA
All prices, quantities sold and production data used are official
figures of the United States Department of Agriculture. Prices
used are fifteenth-of-the-month farm prices for all commodities
except citrus and truck crops. Citrus prices, as used in the com-
bined index, represent the equivalent packinghouse-door returns
per box for all methods of sale, whether packed, sold on tree or
sold for processing. Prices for truck crops are monthly average
f. o. b. prices less selling charge. Daily prices are weighted by
shipments to obtain the monthly price of each truck crop.
At the beginning of the study prices for truck crops by months
were not available from the United States Department of Agri-
culture for years earlier than 1928. A large amount of material
on prices prior to 1928 was collected from growers, shippers,
dealers, brokers and cooperative associations. This material
from many sources was combined and, with the assistance of the
Orlando office of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, a single
price figure was derived for each month of sale and submitted
to the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. When approved, these
were used as official prices.

FACTORS AFFECTING FARM PRICES
Many factors are involved in the explanation of price changes.
Prices in deficit-producing areas may be controlled largely by
local supply and demand conditions, whereas in surplus-produc-
ing areas prices are affected more by national or world conditions
of supply and demand. The price of Florida citrus is usually the
terminal market price less the marketing charge and transporta-
tion. Many commodity prices are affected by day-to-day changes
reflecting opinions of buyers and sellers as to supply and demand
conditions, or by seasonal changes in prices due to production
peaks and storage costs until consumed. Egg prices are usually
lowest when the rate of production is highest.
Over a period of years the price of a single commodity may
change relative to other commodities, or to the general price level.
These changes may be caused by discovery or development of
1 See Appenpix for method of construction.







Florida Farm Prices


substitutes, by technological improvements resulting in greater
productivity or lower farm costs, or by development of lower cost
farming areas. Changes in consumer purchasing power and food
habits also may affect some product prices.
Farm prices are drastically affected by changes in the general
price level. When the general price level rises or falls not all
prices rise and fall alike. Since the farmer is largely a producer
of raw materials his prices usually rise first when prices are
rising and he benefits from the lag in taxes, interest, wage rates
and prices of commodities which he must buy. But when prices
in general begin to fall prices of farm products fall first and
farthest, and labor, taxes, freight rates and many other farm
costs lag, this time to the farmer's disadvantage. Farm debts
are then more burdensome as the farmer gets fewer dollars for
the farm products he sells.

COMBINED INDEX OF 37 FLORIDA FARM PRODUCTS
The combined index of 37 products of Florida farms and groves
is shown in Table 1 and Fig. 1. The various commodities are
weighted according to the volume of marketing of each in the
weight period, 1924-29, inclusive. This index shows the general


Fig. 1.-Florida Farm Prices and Wholesale Prices of All Commodities in
the United States.







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


movement of prices for most of the crop and livestock products
in the State since 1910. Table A in the Appendix shows the com-
modities included, the weight assigned to each and the method of
construction.

TABLE 1.-INDEX OF PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS
FOR 37 PRODUCTS.
(August 1909-July 1914 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.


1909 ............
1910 ............
1911 ............
1912 ............
1913 ............
1914 ............
1915 ............
1916 ............
1917 ............
1918 ............
1919 ............
1920 ............
1921 ............
1922 ............
1923 ............
1924 ............
1925 ............
1926 ............
1927 ............
1928 ............
1929 ............
1930 ............
1931 ............
1932 ............
1933 ............
1934 ............
1935 ...........
1936 ............
1937 ...........
1938 ...........
1939 ............
1940 ............
1941 ............
1942 ............
1943 ............
1944 .........


66 70
69 74
83 97
81 81
83 88
71 76
85 92
103 106
179 185
176 193
178 234
140 119
129 149
140 138
105 107
126 152
181 191
145 139
175 194
124 116
158 155
107 103
85 88
72 60
80 83
104 102
104 104
96 110
90 82
84 80
88 120
100 111
124 125
164 177
209 1851


86 117
93 110
119 110
128 149
102 110
93 105
125 128
110 139
264 239
214 249
307 249
135 171
211 262
174 149
124 132
176 204
192 205
132 140
195 208
116 111
194 189
111 96
124 116
56 63
95 108
105 93
105 120
126 131
75 79
93 82
108 94
115 111
133 140
206 209
186 220


The index is strongly influenced by the movement of citrus
prices and also by the prices of truck crops after their inclusion
in 1924. These 2 groups are, of course, more heavily weighted,
making up 36 percent and 33 percent, respectively, of the com-
bined weight after 1923.
The index of Florida farm prices rose at about the same rate
and to the same level as wholesale prices during World War I.
Because of the behavior of citrus prices the index lagged behind







Florida Farm Prices


the rise in wholesale prices in 1917 but rose much faster the fol-
lowing year. The farm price of some commodities like cotton
and cotton seed rose much faster than wholesale prices after 1915.
Following the war Florida farm prices decreased in 1921. For
the next 9 years they remained above 100, though subject to wide
fluctuations from year to year. Since 1930 farm prices have
often been below their 1909-14 level; they have been below the
general price level every year except 1932.

FLORIDA FARM PRICES AND THE GENERAL PRICE
LEVEL
The index of wholesale prices of all commodities prepared by
the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics is one of the most commonly
accepted indicators of the general price level. This index, which
now contains nearly 900 price series with 1926 as a base or 100
percent, has been converted to a 1910-14 base and is given in
Table 2.2

RELATION OF PRICES RECEIVED TO PRICES PAID
PRICES PAID BY UNITED STATES FARMERS FOR COMMODITIES
USED IN LIVING AND PRODUCTION
Farmers generally are interested in a comparison of prices re-
ceived for farm products with prices paid for goods and services.
There is no index of prices paid by Florida farmers, but the
United States Bureau of Agricultural Economics has prepared
an index of prices paid by farmers for the nation as a whole. It
represents changes in the cost to farmers of a fixed bill of goods,
at retail. This index, as shown in Table 3, includes prices of
commodities used for living and production but does not include
payments for interest, labor and taxes; nor does it include prices
paid for services such as medical care, electricity or ginning.
This index is more representative of the level of prices paid by
farmers than is the index of United States wholesale prices. The
farmer sells at wholesale but usually buys at retail. The index
of wholesale prices of all commodities includes farm products-
which the farmer is selling rather than buying-and does not
reflect freight rates to retailers nor retail margins which are not
uniform for all parts of the country.
In determining the exchange ratio or per-unit purchasing

SFrom "The Agricultural Situation", USDA Bureau of Agricultural
Economics.








Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 2.-INDEX NUMBERS OF WHOLESALE PRICES OF ALL COMMODITIES IN
THE UNITED STATES.*
(1910-1914 = 100)


| Jan. | Feb. | Mar. ( Aprill May June | ( Avg.


Year

1909 ............
1910 .........
1911 ............
1912 ...........
1913 ...........
1914 ............
1915 ..........
1916 .........
1917 ............
1918 ............
1919 .........
1920 ...........
1921 ...........
1922 ...........
1923 .........
1924 ............
1925 ............
1926 .........
1927 ..........
1928 ............
1929 ............
1930 ............
1931 ...........
1932 .........
1933 ............
1934 ............
1935 ............
1936 ..........
1937 ............
1938 ............
1939 ...........
1940 .
1941 ..........
1942.
1942 ............
1943 ............
1944 ..-.....--


95 97
106 107
95 92
99 102
102 102
99 99
100 100
117 119
157 167
185 187
192 194
232 242
150 144
136 136
153 152
144 142
152 149
147 146
138 137
139 141
140 139
132 131
111 109
96 96
88 88
108 107
116 117
116 116
128 128
116 115
112 111
114 115
119 121
142 144
151 151
152 152


98 99 99 100
105 104 104 103
92 92 93 96
102 101 101 102
101101 1102 102
98 98 99 101
101 100 101 100
121 121 122 124
176 178 180 182
187 188 193 196
198 198 206 211
244 243 242 236
140 136 136 136
140 141 145 144
149 146 144 143
140 138 140 142
148 150 152 152
147 147 145 145
138 137 138 139
142 141 142 142
138 139 141 141
130 127 123 123
107 105 105 105
94 93 94 95
92 95 101 102
108 109 109 112
117 116 116 118
115 116 118 119
128 127 128 128
114 114 115 114
111 110 110 109
114 113 113 113
144 1441 144 145
152 152 151 151
152 151


*From the Agricultural Situation, U. S.
Index with 1926 = 100, divided by its 1910-14


D. A., B. A. E. Bureau of
average of 68.5.


power of Florida farm products the index of retail prices paid by
farmers in the United States for commodities used in living and
production has been used (Table 3). This is not strictly accur-
ate, as Florida farmers do not buy the same items nor same
amounts per capital as the average for all farmers in the United
States. However, if such an index were available for Florida it
doubtless would show approximately the same general trends.
In Fig. 2 are shown the price index of Florida farm products,
the index of retail prices paid by farmers in the United States for
commodities used in living and production, and the purchasing
power per unit of Florida farm products. The purchasing power,


101l
102
97
103
103
103
100
127
180
201
206
227
136
145
146
142
151
146
141
144
140
123
104
95
103
113
118
119
128
114
115
114
134
145
151


Labor Statistics








Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 3.-INDEX NUMBERS OF PRICES PAID BY UNITED STATES FARMERS
FOR COMMODITIES USED IN LIVING AND IN PRODUCTION.*
(1910-14 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I ece. I Avg.

1910 ............ 98
1911 ............ 101
1912 ............ 100
1913 ............ 101
1914 ........... 100
1915 ............ 105
1916 ............ 124
1917 ............ 149
1918 ............ 176
1919 ............ 202
1920 ............ 201
1921 ............ 152
1922 ............ 149
1923 ............ 152 152 152 152 153 153 152 152 151 151 150 150 152
1924 ............ 151 151 152 151 151 150 151 151 152 153 153 154 152
1925 ............ 155 157 158 158 158 158 157 156 155 155 155 155 156
1926 ............ 155 156 156 '156 156 156 156 155 155 155 154 154 155
1927 ............ 153 153 152 153 153 154 154 153 153 153 152 152 153
1928 ............ 153 153 154 155 155 156 156 155 155 155 154 154 155
1929 ............ 154 155 155 154 154 153 153 154 154 153 153 152 154
1930 ............ 151 151 150 149 149 148 147 145 144 142 140 138 146
1931 ............ 136 134 132 130 129 127 125 123 121 120 118 117 126
1932 ............ 115 114 112 111 109 108 107 107 106 105 104 103 108
1933 ............ 102 101 100 101 102 103 107 112 116 116 116 116 108
1934 ............ 117 119 120 120 121 121 122 125 126 126 126 126 122
1935 ............ 126 127 127 127 127 127 126 125 123 123 122 122 125
1936 ......... 122 122 121 121 121 120 123 126 127 127 127 128 124
1937 .......... 130 132 132 134 134 134 133 132 130 128 127 126 131
1938 ............ 1 126 125 125 125 124 123 122 121 121 121 120 123
1939 ............ 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 119 122 122 122 122 121
1940 ............ 122 122 123 123 123 123 122 122 122 122 122 123 122
1941 ............ 123 123 124 124 125 128 130 133 136 139 141 142 131
1942 ............ 146 147 150 151 152 152 153 153 154 155 156 158 152
1943 ............ 160 162 163 165 167 168 169 169 169 170 171 173 167
1944 ............ 174 175 175 175 175 175 _
From U. S. D. A.. B. A. E. Monthly indexes are 15th of the month.

or exchange ratio, of Florida farm products (with 1910-14=100)
has been below 100 continuously since 1930.

FLORIDA FARM REAL ESTATE TAXES AND LAND VALUES

Farm costs, other than commodities used in living and produc-
tion, increased a great deal after the beginning of World War I
and did not decrease to the same extent as farm prices prior to
World War II. In Fig. 3 Florida farm prices are compared with
Florida farm real estate tax levies. The index of taxes per $100
of value has been high relative to the index of farm prices since
1913, especially in recent years. Beginning with World War I
and continuing through the Florida real estate boom, per-acre






Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


Fig. 2.-Prices Received by Florida Farmers, Prices Paid by Farmers in the
United States, and Purchasing Power per Unit of Florida Farm Products.

valuations increased with extreme rapidity, making tax levies
per acre far out of line with farm prices. Payments on bond
issues for roads and other improvements, many of which bonds
were issued during the real estate boom, have made it impossible
to reduce taxes to their pre-World War I level. A change in
modes of living and travel and demands by the public for more
governmental services in the last 2 decades have operated to keep
farm real estate tax levies at a relatively high level.
The Florida Homestead Exemption law which became effective
in 1935 has relieved some farmers of a part of their farm real
estate tax assessment. The amount of reduction under this Act
depends in each case upon the status of the farmer-whether
or not he lives on the farm, and the acreage and value of the
farm.
Florida farm real estate values per acre are compared with
farm prices in Fig. 4. This diagram shows that farm prices rose
faster and higher than land values from 1915 to 1920, but also
fell much more than land values after about 1922. Real estate
values since about 1925 have remained higher than appears justi-
fied by farm prices until 1942. Farm land values, of course, were
affected by the Florida real estate boom in 1925 and 1926, while
farm prices were affected but little, if any, thereby.







Florida Farm Prices


Fig. 3.-Florida Farm Prices and Farm Real Estate Tax Levies.
SU. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.

RAIL FREIGHT RATES
Transportation is a very important item of cost in marketing
some Florida farm products, particularly citrus fruits and truck
crops. Both are bulky and perishable, taking a relatively high
rate. Although the grower may not pay the freight directly, it
is deducted from the market price before he gets any return.
In Fig. 5 are shown rail freight rates on citrus from Florida in
comparison with all farm prices and with citrus prices. This
does not include water nor motor truck transportation, which
have been of increasing importance in recent years. Rail freight
rates on citrus lagged behind the farm price rise in World War I
and also lagged behind the fall in farm prices after 1930.
They were relatively high during the period 1931 to 1935. Al-
though they have declined considerably since, citrus prices were


Index







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


very low during 1938-41, making rail rates still burdensome until
1942.
FLORIDA FARM WAGE RATES
Farm wage rates in Florida have followed the trend of farm
prices but usually at a lower level (Fig. 6). They lagged behind
the rise in farm prices during World War I, reaching a peak in
1920. However, they did not rise as high as all farm prices, and
fell much faster in 1921. When 1910-14 is used as a base Florida
has had a very favorable farm wage rate as a whole, as compared
with farm prices. Only since 1937 have wage rates been rela-
tively higher than farm prices. Wage rates have, of course,
often been higher than some price series.


Fig. 4.-Florida Farm Prices and Farm Real Estate Values per Acre.
1 U. S. Department of Agriculture. Farm real estate situation, 1942-43.
USDA October, 1943. Farm real estate values include all farm land with
improvements, as of March 1 each year.

COMPARISON OF FARM PRICES IN FLORIDA WITH
OTHER STATES

UNITED STATES
In Figs. 7 to 11, inclusive, the prices received by Florida farm-
ers for all products are compared with average prices received by







Florida Farm Prices


Fig. 5.-Florida Farm Prices and Rail Freight Rates for Citrus Fruits from
18 Florida Shipping Points.
1Brooker, Marvin A. A study of the cost of transportation of Florida
citrus fruits with comparative costs from other producing areas. Fla. Agr.
Exp. Sta. Bul. 217. 1930 and supplements.

farmers in the United States and in selected states. Florida farm
prices rose slightly higher during World War I than did farm
prices in the United States (Fig. 7). They did not rise as rap-
idly in 1917 because of the very high prices of grains and of
cotton which are much more important in the United States index
than in the Florida index. Since grains and cotton fell drastic-
ally in price in 1921 the United States index fell more than
Florida farm prices. United States and Florida farm prices were
both relatively high in the period from 1921 to 1930-though
the movement of Florida prices was more erratic, strongly reflect-
ing the price movements of citrus. Since 1934 the index of farm
prices in the United States has averaged slightly higher than
the Florida index.







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


Fig. 6.-Florida Farm Prices and Wage Rates.


Fig. 7.-Florida Farm Prices and United States Farm Prices. (August
1909-July 1914 = 100)
SU. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.







Florida Farm Prices


CALIFORNIA
The agriculture of California is perhaps more nearly like that
of Florida than is the agriculture of any other state. The indexes
of farm prices for Florida and California followed much the same
general trend from 1910 to 1932, the last available index for
California (Fig. 8). The Florida index, however, has been some-
what higher in most cases and shows much more yearly fluctua-
tion than does the California index because of the effect of Flor-
ida citrus prices. Citrus is important in California's agriculture
also, but it is a much smaller proportion of the total sales than
it is in Florida. The agricultural marketing of California in-
clude proportionately more meat animals, dairy products, grains
and fruits and nuts (other than citrus fruit) and fewer truck
crops than in the case of Florida.


Fig.
1 Stover, H. J.


8.-Farm Price Indexes in Florida and California.
Annual index numbers of farm prices, California, 1910-1933.
Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 569. 1934.


NORTH DAKOTA AND IOWA
The effect of grains and livestock upon state farm price indexes
is shown by comparing Florida with North Dakota (grains) and
Iowa (livestock), Fig. 9. North Dakota farm prices rose very
high in World War I and fell sharply in 1921; they also fell very






Folrida Agricultural Experiment Station


low in the depression years 1931-33. Iowa farm prices rose less
in the first World War than North Dakota prices, and about the
same as Florida prices, but fell much faster in 1921 than Florida
prices. Farm prices in both Iowa and North Dakota remained
lower than in Florida from 1921 to 1934, with the exception of
Iowa in 1929. Relatively high livestock prices have now raised
the level of Iowa prices above both Florida and North Dakota.


Fig. 9.-Farm Price Indexes in Florida, Iowa, and North Dakota.
1 Index numbers prepared by W. L. Ettesvold.
2 Index numbers prepared by L. M. Carl.

ALABAMA
The farm price index of Alabama is compared with Florida in
Fig. 10. Cotton is one of the chief commodities included in Ala-
bama's index. The effect of cotton is so pronounced that the
index follows closely the price of cotton. Cotton was very high
in price in 1918 to 1920, 1923, and 1924, and was very low in price
in 1932.
PENNSYLVANIA AND WISCONSIN
The farm price indexes of Pennsylvania and Wisconsin are
influenced considerably by dairy and poultry product prices
(Fig. 11). Both of these groups are now relatively high, and
the price indexes of these states have shown less erratic variation







Florida Farm Prices


Fig. 10.-Farm Price Indexes in Florida and Alabama. (August 1909-July
1914=100)
1 Mahan, J. N., and Marsh, John F. Prices received by Alabama farm-
ers for farm products, August 1909-August 1942. Ala. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul.
258. 1943.

from year to year than have the index numbers of Florida farm
prices.
In comparing farm price indexes between states, it should
be understood that not all the variation between states is due
to the different proportions of the various commodities included,
although this is very important. The price behavior of a given
commodity may be different between states, depending upon
whether the state is a deficit- or surplus-producing area, the
distance from the market center, the nature of the commodity,
and whether or not it is bulky or concentrated. In general,
farmers sell at wholesale; but in deficit-producing areas, some
farm prices may have characteristics of a retail price; that is,
they lag to some extent behind the changes in wholesale price
of the product by rising or falling more slowly. Prices in
states distant from market centers rise faster on a percentage
basis in periods of rising prices and fall faster when prices
fall than in states near to markets. This is especially true of
bulky commodities and those requiring much labor in prepara-
tion for markets. Freight rates and labor rates tend to lag
behind farm price changes, favoring distant producing areas







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


1910 1915 1920 1925 1930 1935 1940
Fig. 11.-Farm Price Indexes in Florida, Wisconsin, and Pennsylvania.
1 Ebling, Walter H., and Wissinger, I. E. (Wisc. State Dept. of Agr. and
U. S. Dept. of Agr. cooperating.) Wisconsin farm income and prices of
farm products, 1910-1942. Crop Reporting Service Bul. 221. 1942.
2Anderson, Ellen F., and Weaver, F. P. Prices and Pennsylvania agri-
culture. Penn. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 384. 1939. Later price data received
from A. Wink, Penn. Agr. Exp. Sta.


Fig. 12.-Grains: Prices Received by Florida Farmers and Purchasing
Power per Unit.







Florida Farm Prices 21

and bulky products when prices rise and favoring nearby areas
in periods of falling prices. The farmer gets what is left, after
paying all costs of labor in preparation for market and transpor-
tation.

GROUP PRICE INDEX NUMBERS AND PURCHASING
POWER OF FLORIDA FARM PRICES
GRAINS
Group index numbers of Florida farm prices of grains are
shown in Table 4. Most of the weight of this index is given to
corn, which represents 99.4 percent of the group. However, very
few farmers in Florida grow grain for sale. The purchasing
power per bushel of grains is shown in Fig. 12.

TABLE 4.-GRAINS: INDEX NUMBERS OF PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA
FARMERS.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.

1908 ......... 92 94 96 98 104 108 103 101 103 101 96 96 99
1909 ............ 97 97 100 105 110 112 112 108 102 96 94 95 102
1910 .......... 96 98 101 103 101 105 107 103 98 98 97 94 100
1911 ........... 87 90 94 94 96 101 103 101 94 89 90 94
1912 ............ 98 103 103 105 114 1191 120 113 103 101 95 96 106
1913 .........-- 100 98 103 105 107 1071 107 105 97 93 94 94 101
1914 ............ 93 92 96 98 99 101 105 107 107 106 98 96 100
1915 ........... 100 100 105 108 110 110 111 107 89 77 80 84 98
1916 ........... 89 95 92 92 100 105 103 96 96 96 97 103 97
1917 ........ 105 109 114 145 176 180 180 174 156 147 153 162 150
1918 ............ 160 169 188 194 208 208 197 187 192 183 160 158 184
1919 ............ 159 161 162 170 185 1971 212 221 187 151 151 1621 177
1920........7 172 181 187 201 213 218 222 208 160 141 135 101 178
1921 ............ 86 96 112 114 112 107 110 109 85 60 57 62 92
1922 ........... 64 69 78 87 94 93 98 103 92 83 89 96 87
1923 ......... 99 105 110 117 118 114 117 126 123 114 114 110 114
1924 ............ 120 121 120 126 129 131 143 143 137 126 105 137 128
1925 ............ 137 144 141 133 143 126 137 137 121 103 103 109 128
1926 ............ 102 108 103 114 109 107 110 109 105 96 89 93 104
1927 .......... 89 101 102 105 121 122 115 119 115 111 1101 111 110
1928 .........- 111 117 118 123 143 144 153 148 144 126 103 108 128
1929 ........ 108 118 122 128 134 130 126 121 114 104 99 99 117
1930 ......... 102 105 111 110 114 118 117 116 113 97 97 97 108
1931 ........ .... 97 101 104 105 104 104 104 96 74 53 57 61 88
1932 ..... ... 62 58 62 63 60 63 65 66 54 47 47 47 58
1933 ....... 48 49 50 55 67 79 87 85 77 73 72 76 68
1934 ......... 79 88 90 89 92 101 101 101 92 8881 91 91
1935 ............ 94 97 100 100 105 100 98 93 82 72 74 74 91
1936 ........... 76 78 84 84 88 90 101 125 120 105 103 109 97
1937 .......... 114 124 124 139 142 151 151 135 109 80 72 77 118
1938 .......... 81 84 94 101 101 101 97 90 71 63 63 62 84
1939 ....... .. 67 70 74 74 81 81 82 80 72 74 73 82 76
1940 ............ 89 98 100 105 106 109 106 101 82 69 71 76 93
1941 ......... 77 81 85 92 95 96 97 92 90 87 86 94 89
1942 ....--... 98 105 109 114 120 120 126 120 114 114 120 116
1943 ........... 126 132 133 144 149 160 171 172 173 172 173 1771 157
1944 .......- 180 180 183 183 183 1891 I







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


COTTON AND COTTON SEED

Cotton and cotton seed represent a group which is of more
importance to Florida farmers from the standpoint of cash sales
than grains. Index numbers of these products are given in
Table 5. Cotton lint constitutes 91.6 percent of the group weight.
Prices of both cotton and cotton seed rose to a very high level in
1918 and fell rapidly after World War I. They both dropped to
very low levels during the depression years of 1931 to 1933. The
purchasing power per unit of cotton and cotton seed has been low
since 1925, reaching its lowest point in 1932 (Fig. 13). Purchas-
ing power was also very low in 1921, due to the sharp decline in
cotton prices relative to prices paid by farmers.


TABLE 5.-COTTON AND COTTON SEED: INDEX NUMBERS OF PRICES
RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I April May | June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I ec. I Avg.

1909 ............ 94 96 102 113 125
1910 .......... 127 127 125 124 131 115 96 95 101 121 130 123 118
1911 ............ 114 117 114110 114 111 106 99 88 80 77 76 100
1912 ........... 79 87 92 93 94 96 97 90 87 88 95 9991
1913 ......... 94 8479 83 88 86 85 88 87 92101 99 89
1914 .......... 93 101 104 98 96 96 102 93 82 81 77 70 91
1915 ........... 66 70 72 85 101 93 78 80 97 99 94 97 86
1916 .......... 103 103 103 103 92 116 136 130 134 146 174 195 128
1917 ........ 163 121 116 123 168 229 237 254 262 250 286 331 212
1918 ............ 340 340 344 340 326 315 300 286 286 257 251 280 305
1919 .......... 283 239 194 212 254 265 263 247 210 214 253 278 243
1920 ........ 263 242 261 261 251 261 257 203 154 145 133 96 211
1921 ......... 83 76 66 61 67 65 60 71 98 115 113 109 82
1922 ............ 100 97 92 93 106 119 123 128 120 123 137 152 116
1923 ........... 160 162 172 178 170 164 161 163 168 170 178 198 170
1924 ............ 202 194 175 184 181 177 174 165 150 149 144 136 169
1925 ............ 138 141 153 148 148 140 145 147 135 131 123 117 139
1926 .......... 118 115 115 108 97 104 103 102 101 75 66 62 97
1927 ......... 65 74 75 68 77 86 91 106 133 134 126 117 96
1928 ............ 113 110 115 117 124 125 125 119 109 114 116 119 117
1929 ....-..1.. 17 118 121 121 119 118 112 110 110 109 104 101 113
1930 ............ 101 97 96 97 98 94 81 72 65 59 62 60 82
1931 ............ 60 62 65 64 59 52 54 39 37 32 37 37 50
1932 ......... 37 37 40 4033 33 35 42 46 40 38 35 38
1933 ............ 36 34 37 38 48 55 66 55 54 57 60 58 50
1934 ........... 62 70 71 74 70 70 73 78 84 81 81 83 75
1935 ......... 82 82 80 80 83 80 83 73 66 69 70 70 76
1936 ........... 71 73 73 72 74 75 80 78 79 79 81 81 76
1937 ............ 85 84 88 89 83 80 82 55 52 57 63 58 73
1938 .......... 56 64 57 57 59 56 56 53 58 64 68 65 59
1939 .......... 65 61 61 61 61 61 63 60 59 65 74 72 64
1940 .......... 71 68 69 72 70 65 68 59 63 71 80 84 70
1941 ............ 69 70 70 76 73 80 87 105 119 119 116 116 92
1942 ........... 120 124 128 129 130 121 120 120 120 124 125 131 124
1943 ........... 13118 134 131 136 139 129 130 138 144 134 136 135
1944 ......... 13815 135 137 139 143







Florida Farm Prices


Fig. 13.-Cotton and Cotton Seed: Prices Received by Florida Farmers and
Purchasing Power per Unit.

DAIRY PRODUCTS
The dairy farmer has received a fairly high price for his prod-
ucts as compared with most other Florida farmers, when 1909-14
is used as a base. His most serious disadvantage from the stand-
point of all prices paid was during the period from 1915 to 1920,
when prices of dairy products did not rise so fast as prices paid
by farmers in the United States. Since 1920 the average price
of dairy products has followed the trend of prices paid, which
makes the purchasing power per unit of dairy products fluctuate
within narrow limits around 100 percent (Fig. 14). It would be
more accurate for the larger commercial dairies to compare
prices of dairy products with prices paid for dairy feed and labor
than with all prices paid.
Index numbers of dairy products prices are shown in Table 6.
The products included in this group, together with their respec-
tive percentage contribution to the group weight, are milk,






Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


Fig. 14.-Dairy Products: Prices Received by Florida Producers and Pur-
chasing Power per Unit.

wholesale, 42.5 percent; milk, retail, 55.3 percent; butter, 2.2
percent. These 3 price series followed each other closely from
1910 to about 1926. After that time wholesale milk and butter
began to fall in price almost steadily until 1933; whereas, milk
at retail remained relatively high. This apparently was because
distribution costs, labor being an important item, did not de-
crease as did wholesale prices, and the producer retailing his milk
was able to take advantage of this spread between retail and
wholesale prices.

POULTRY PRODUCTS
The poultry products group consists of chickens, 26.1 percent,
and eggs, 73.9 percent of the group total. Poultry prices have
been well maintained in comparison with most other farm prices
when the 1909-14 average is considered 100 percent. This has
been especially true of chicken prices, which have averaged as
low as 100 only once since 1911. Egg prices have averaged some-
what lower but have averaged lower than 100 only 3 years since
1911.
It should be remembered in this connection that price received
is only 1 factor determining money income. The other factor is








Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 6.-DAIRY PRODUCTS: INDEX NUMBERS OF PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA PRODUCERS.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)


Year |


1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


Jan. I


............



............


............
............
............
............


............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............

............
............
............
............
............
............
...---.--..--
............
............
............


I April May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. IDec. I Avg.


quantity sold. Egg prices have a very pronounced


and rather


uniform seasonal variation. Therefore, a poultry producer's
cash income from the sale of eggs may be largely determined by
the number of eggs he can produce in high-priced periods. Fur-
thermore, the season average price may be somewhat misleading,
especially for producers whose eggs are sold only in certain
months. Egg prices are usually highest when production is
lowest.
Group index numbers of poultry products prices are shown in
Table 7; and the purchasing power per unit, in terms of prices
paid by farmers in the United States, is shown in Fig. 15. The
purchasing power or exchange ratio has been slightly below 100
since about 1929 but not so seriously out of line with prices paid
as some other Florida farm products.


Feb. I Mar.


105 102
105 104
106 104
105 106
103 102
102 101
1021 101
114 113
142 141
156 164
181 179
175 170
148 145
153 150
162 157
153 152
174 172
171 165
162 157
156 154
153 152
143 141
123 121
95 92
111 110
121 120
119 118
126 123
123 122
121 120
122 121
122 120
132 .132
149 151
1551 155


i


I i i I F







26 Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
TABLE 7.-POULTRY PRODUCTS: INDEX NUMBERS OF PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA FARMERS.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Iec. I Avg.

1909 ............ 91 83 76 77 77 84 87 94 102 110 113
1910 ............ 105 100 95 90 90 89 87 90 94 95 105 119 97
1911 ........... 105 87 81 82 81 82 87 90 93 102 115 121 94
1912 ......... 115 102 90 88 85 86 92 95 104 110 115 121 100
1913 ............ 113 100 97 89 87 86 93 104 116 124 129 142 107
1914 ............128 112 99 95 90 98 103 104 111 118 133 137 111
1915 ......... 119 105 87 86 85 92 93 96 109 115 128 132 104
1916 ...........116 102 98 92 85 88 90 97 108 123 133 148 107
1917 ............ 129 128 107 119 123 126 121 127 150 159 171 177 136
1918 ............ 177 174 130 145 137 140 143 152 169 186 195 226 164
1919 ............ 211 159 149 149 145 170 168 180 191 202 226 260 184
1920 ............ 241 210 184 166 173 180 176 195 206 234 254 262 207
1921 ............ 212 166 129 125 120 114 115 137 158 164 190 200 152
1922 .......... 171 149 100 106 114 112 115 125 141 161 183 192 139
1923 ............ 167 139 131 123 120 126 133 143 146 170 190 193 148
1924 -..--..- 187 167 119 120 126 125 130 142 160 174 215 207 156
1925 ........... 169 159 135 133 139 138 154 148 173 187 216 221 164
1926 .......... 205 182 124 140 158 139 167 154 185 190 207 212 172
1927 ........... 168 138 118 118 127 125 131 144 156 172 190 188 148
1928 ......... 176 137 112 119 115 125 131 136 157 178 189 182 146
1929 ............ 158 131 134 135 124 132 139 144 165 186 191 197 153
1930 ......... 186 146 126 120 121 118 119 123 138 151 164 155 139
1931 ............139 96 99 103 96 93 94 103 113 126 134 129 110
1932 ......... 97 75 78 74 68 77 73 83 96 109 116 123 89
1933 ......... 96 71 65 62 65 64 78 83 99 1111111 121 86
1934 ............ 104 92 74 77 77 82 92 99 118 124 127 136 100.
1935 ............ 128 109 93 95 102 97 102 112 125 142 133 144 115
1936 .......... 133 108 97 95 96 98 110 117 127 134 138 150 117
1937 ......... 122 100 98 97 96 95 106 115 120 132 142 141 114
1938 ............ 127 106 95 95 96 99 108 112 122 130 132 141 114
1939 ........... 118 97 92 94 93 91 103 106 111 116 122 127 106
1940 ......... 114 113 84 87 88 88 102 111 120 125 128 135 108
1941 ............ 127 102 93 98 104 108 120 133 138 144 153 160 123
1942 ......... 149 123 112 119 119 122 134 152 159 167 176 180 143
1943 ...........178 157 154 159 162 172 179 190 200 208 220 222 183
1944 ............ 209 164 146 145 152 153

MEAT ANIMALS

As compared with all other Florida farm products, meat ani-
mals rose in price somewhat faster during the beginning of
World War I. However, they did not rise so high and fell much
faster beginning in 1918 (Table 8 and Fig. 16). They remained
relatively low until about 1929, then followed the downward trend
of all farm prices, reaching a low point in 1933. Since 1934 meat
animals have risen faster than all farm prices combined and are
now among the highest of farm product prices.
This group consists of the following commodities, with per-
centage contribution of each to the group weight: Cattle, 52.6
percent; calves, 11.5 percent; sheep, 0.4 percent; lambs, 0.2 per-
cent; and hogs, 35.3 percent.







Florida Farm Prices


Fig. 15.-Poultry Products: Prices Received by Florida Farmers and Pur-
chasing Power per Unit.


Fig. 16.-Meat Animals: Prices Received by Florida Farmers and Purchas-
ing Power per Unit.







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 8.-MEAT ANIMALS: INDEX NUMBERS OF PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA FARMERS..
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.

1909 ........ 89 87 92 92 97 98 100 104 107 105 103 102 98
1910 .......... 106 108 121 120 133 116 118 117 100 101 104 104 112
1911........ 114 104 105 94 92 92 88 97 94 97 99 77 96
1912 .......... 87 88 92 101 96 92 95 88 86 90 88 87 91
1913 ........... 88 88 96 88 90 93 94 104 100 109 97 98 95
1914 ............ 96 113 110 97 107 109 114 112 109 108 109 114 108
1915 .......... 105 105 105 101 103 105 101 98 108 102 99 104 103
1916 ............ 102 103 111 109 113 108 113 113 113 117 121 116 112
1917 .......... 117 119 126 150 157 150 147 155 177 181 178 183 153
1918 ........ 178 178 174 187 184 193 176 173 186 183 190 185 182
1919 ........ 154 169 175 173 184 187 181 193 186 166 159 163 174
1920 ......... 158 164 168 178 177 172 168 165 164 156 141 125 161
1921 ............ 122 118 124 117 114 111 109 108 98 101 90 90 108
1922 ............ 87 91 104 113 111 111 107 103 97 98 97 92 101
1923 ........... 102 100 105 101 102 99 94 96 95 109 101 97 100
1924 ............ 90 88 90 88 89 88 90 89 90 93 95 96 90
1925 ........... 94 101 109 120 108 103 110 103 107 107 117 110 107
1926 ........... 112 129 118 121 121 124 117 115 118 117 118 116 119
1927 .........126 124 117 114 119 123 110 117 109 109 115 118 117
1928 ......... 114 118 118 118 125 133 131 133 152 141 136 120 128
1929 ........ 1231 125 130 137 135 141 144 143 146 140 131 130 135
1930 ........ 129 130 131 128 126 122 116 114 115 112 106 99 119
1931 ...... ... 102 99 102 104 95 94 92 88 79 72 67 67 88
1932 ....... 64 62 63 65 64 65 70 74 71 66 63 61 66
1933 .......... 56 50 52 53 64 65 65 66 66 69 67 57 61
1934 ............ 56 63 65 65 62 61 65 65 81 81 77 75 68
1935 .......... 86 88 95 99 101 95 98 103 107 104 98 99 98
1936 ..........- 98 100 101 105 101 106 106 112 109 106 106 107 105
1937 ........... 109 112 114 121 119 116 117 122 118 113 101 95 113
1938 ........ 98 98 103 103 104 107 110 104 104 100 96 95 102
1939 ........ 96 102 105 102 107 100 99 97 105 102 101 95 101
1940 ........... 96 99 100 105 107 100 103 102 99 99 98 1001 101
1941 ........ 106 112 112 120 129 136 140 140 143 142 142 1421 130
1942 ........ 146 152 163 179 179 175 172 179 178 179 180 180 172
1943 ........ 184 196 218 229 226 231 228 223 217 203 200 189 212
1944 ............ 185 181 195 200 195 1891 1I

When compared with prices paid by United States farmers,
meat animals have been low in purchasing power from 1919 to
1941 (Fig. 16). The trend has not been the same for each kind
of livestock because of shifts in demand and production cycles
of different lengths which affect prices. Cycles of cattle num-
bers over a long period usually run from 14 to 16 years from peak
to peak. When cattle prices begin to rise farmers tend to keep
young stock for breeding rather than to sell for slaughter. This
restricts the number of cattle offered for sale and thus makes the
price rise faster.
Hogs multiply and mature faster than cattle. The cycle for
hcg numbers is usually about 4 to 6 years in length.
Cycles of purchasing power of Florida cattle and hogs are
shown separately in Fig. 17.






Florida Farm Prices


Index



,' \








1910 1915 1?20 1925 1930 1935 1940
Fig. 17.-Cycles of Purchasing Power per Unit for Florida Cattle and Hogs.

CITRUS
The citrus group index from 1909-23, inclusive, consists of
oranges and tangerines. Grapefruit prices are included begin-
ning in 1924. After the addition of grapefruit the percentage
contribution of each price series was as follows: Oranges and
tangerines, 62.0 percent; and grapefruit, 38.0 percent.
In the citrus group index and in the combined index equivalent
packinghouse-door returns to growers for all methods of sale are
used instead of the f. o. b. packed prices as shown in Tables 55,
57 and 59. This takes into consideration the sales to canneries,
and "on-tree" sales, as well as sales of packed fruit for fresh
consumption.
Grapefruit was added in 1924 at the level of 21 other commodi-
ties having 1909-14 base prices during the period 1924-29, inclu-
sive. The 21 other farm products were found to average 160.1
percent as high in price during 1924-29 as in 1909-14. Thus, the
1924-29 average index of grapefruit prices was raised by 60.1
percent to place it on the equivalent 1909-14 base.8
Citrus prices as a group, and individually, have shown violent
fluctuations from one period to another, as well as from year to
year (Table 9 and Fig. 18). Orange and tangerine prices have
been more erratic than grapefruit prices. Prices of oranges and
tangerines rose during World War I and remained very high until
1930, except for the years 1923, 1924, and 1929. Because prices
paid by farmers were also comparatively high during this period,

See Appendix for reasons for omitting grapefruit from the citrus group
and combined index until 1924; also for more detail about method of intro-
duction in 1924.







30 Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

the purchasing power of citrus was low in these years. Since
1930 citrus prices have declined relative to prices paid, resulting
in low purchasing power for citrus.
Prices of most Florida agricultural commodities in 1933
reached the lowest point since 1910, but citrus prices were as
low in 1938 and were lower in 1940. Grapefruit prices have been
relatively lower than orange and tangerine and have moved at
very low levels since 1930.
Many changes have taken place in the citrus industry since
1910. Methods of cultivation, spraying, harvesting, packing and
distribution have changed a great deal. It is believed, therefore,
that it might be somewhat more accurate to use a more recent
base for all citrus prices, as well as for prices paid. The com-

TABLE 9.-CITRUS: INDEX NUMBERS OF PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA
PRODUCERS.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Season ] Sept.| Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Jan. I Feb. I Mar.I Aprill May I Junel July I Aug. Avg.

1909-10 ...... 42 42 27 19 15 23 30 61 133 64 64 64 49
1910-11 ...... 64 117 83 57 19 38 61 87 129 95 95 95 78
1911-12 .-.. 95 114 87 72 61 95 95 148 129 159 159 159 114
1912-13 ...... 159 98 72 30 53 61 125 174 223 303 303 303 159
1913-14 ...... 303 106 68 49 53 64 80 106 125 102 102 102 105
1914-15 ...... 102 80 61 34 30 45 42 91 114 117 117 117 79
1915-16 .- 117 95 95 57 61 80 117 159 170 220 220 220 134
1916-17 ... 220 170 106 80 80 91 68 91 140 170 170 170 130
1917-18 ...... 170 133 141 183 175 186 361 376 323 300 300 300 246
1918-19 ...... 300 221 149 153 168 225 270 278 350 361 361 361 266
1919-20 ...... 361 130 119 138 149 289 301 464 327 350 350 350 277
1920-21 ...... 350 192 117 75 124 94 117 151 238 317 317 317 201
1921-22 ...... 317 124 117 124 132 185 333 340 458 488 484 484 299
1922-23 ..... 332 158 116 116 139 142 165 226 173 150 112 158 166
1923-24 -.... 166 79 60 45 41 44 47 66 90 113 130 172 88
1924-25 .- 172 180 82 74 72 129 188 240 323 377 388 388 218
1925-26 .- 387 350 202 150 139 173 196 221 230 270 270 270 238
1926-27 ...... 323 227 144 94 106 108 119 144 146 154 110 110 149
1927-28 ...... 302 182 183 188 188 235 254 280 324 373 244 205 246
1928-29 .... 242 149 98 86 69 59 66 76 69 85 85 85 97
1929-30 ...... 149 110 138 142 133 141 200 266 256 291 324 324 206
1930-31 ...... 128 132 82 63 57 58 78 102 96 99 96 96 91
1931-32 ...... 124 87 83 75 67 82 117 139 155 158 158 158 117
1932-33 .- 160 116 99 69 56 48 43 37 36 46 55 69 70
1933-34 ...... 84 72 68 60 60 70 81 97 121 164 164 164 100
1934-35 ...... 85 74 58 50 51 60 70 99 78 57 67 67 68
1935-36 ...... 75 97 99 91 84 95 85 91 128 137 137 137 105
1936-37 ...... 109 83 63 53 65 91 122 134 130 151 132 132 105
1937-38 ...... 140 119 88 73 57 56 55 55 59 53 65 65 74
1938-39 ...... 79 55 42 37 36 42 48 58 53 62 60 60 53
1939-40 ...... 117 79 56 49 43 56 58 60 61 56 37 36 59
1940-41 ...... 36 70 56 47 46 56 67 71 74 86 76 76 63
1941-42 ...... 76 102 99 79 73 69 87 94 116 139 119 119 98
1942-43 ...... 119 138 115 137 94 110 140 150 172 175 177 177 142
1943-44 ...... 177 162 164 152 144 111 146 168 186 164







Florida Farm Prices


Fig. 18.-Citrus: Prices Received by Florida Producers and Purchasing
Power per Unit.

prison of prices received and prices paid could, of course, be
improved by using an index of prices paid by Florida growers for
fertilizer, spray materials, machinery, etc., instead of the United
States index of prices paid.

TRUCK CROPS
The group index for Florida truck crops is shown in Table 10.
This group includes 12 crops with weights during 1924 and later
years distributed as follows: Beans, 14.1 percent; cabbage, 2.2
percent; celery, 14.7 percent; cucumbers, 6.8 percent; eggplant,
1.4 percent; lettuce, 1.5 percent; peas (English), .4 percent; pep-
pers, 6.2 percent; potatoes (early Irish), 16.7 percent; straw-
berries, 8.3 percent; tomatoes, 23.0 percent; and watermelons,
4.7 percent.
Since official prices were not available for the crops in this
group prior to 1923-24 (except for potatoes), the index has been







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 10.-TRUCK CROPS: INDEX NUMBERS OF PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA FARMERS.
(1924-29 = 100)
Season Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April| May I June| July I Aug. Avg.
1923-24 .... 79 84 129 108 106 78 73 72
1924-25 ...... 72 79 111 121 105 117 122 88 86 79 69 76 94
1925-26 ...... 81 83 96 141 1561 154 160 131 148 105 99 97 121
1926-27 ...... 96 93 120 129 119 109 98 75 88 64 68 66 94
1927-28 ...... 63 62 88 108 119 129 134 103 95 83 79 76 95
1928-29 ...... 77 92 167 132 107 101 86 87 85 93 91 93 101
1929-30 ..... 91 95 121 119 125 118 119 113 110 83 77 76 104
1930-31 ...... 76 76 70 92 93 91 88 76 55 46 43 44 71
1931-32 ...... 44 51 71 75 65 64 84 94 72 59 55 56 66
1932-33 ...... 56 56 58 82 54 41 45 42 52 57 56 58 55
1933-34 .... 57 60 67 73 60 58 68 64 72 61 60 61 63
1934-35 ..---. 61 64 73 75 97 88 78 69 60 58 59 59 70
1935-36 ...... 58 71 87 101 76 70 82 77 81 61 60 59 74
1936-37 ...... 59 57 76 82 69 79 94 80 92 84 76 76 77
1937-38 ...... 76 79 90 75 66 54 48 43 47 45 43 45 59
1938-39 ...... 44 49 55 77 71 62 75 76 58 61 62 6062
1939-40 ...... 61 64 81 84 75 126 117 102 74 61 55 54 80
1940-41 ...... 54 57 75 73 91 107 113 103 92 71 69 69 81
1941-42 ..... 69 80 90 100 106 112 107 106 105 90 87 87 95
1942-43 ...... 87 113 128 154 148 164 200 186 176 161 151 11 152
1943-44 ...... 151 164 169 157 186 169 157 133 184 179

computed using average prices for the calendar years 1924
through 1929 as a base, or 100 percent. This group was added
to the combined index in January, 1924, at the level of 21 other
commodities, having 1909-14 base prices, during the period 1924
to 1929, inclusive. These 21 other farm products were found to
be 160.1 percent as high in price in 1924-29 as in 1909-14. On
the assumption that truck crops were at the same relative level
as the 21 other commodities, the truck crop index can be con-
verted to its 1909-14 equivalent by multiplying by 1.601. There
is perhaps no great inaccuracy in this procedure for the whole
group, since truck crops followed the trend of the other commodi-
ties closely after their addition in 1924. However, individual
commodities indexed on the 1924-29 base cannot be safely con-
verted to the 1909-14 base by this method, since a single price
series may depart widely from the group.
In Fig. 19 the truck crop index has been arranged on a cal-
endar year basis and raised to its 1909-14 equivalent in order to
compare it with the index of prices paid by farmers in the United
States when 1910-14 equals 100. The group has, in general, fol-
lowed the trend of prices paid but usually at a somewhat lower
level. The index in 1931 and 1938 dropped very low, as judged
by prices paid. Since 1940 the index of prices received for the
group as a whole has been above the index of prices paid.







Florida Farm Prices


1910 1915 19a 192930 1935 1940
Fig. 19.-Truck Crops: Prices Received by Florida Farmers and Purchas-
ing Power per Unit.
Like citrus, truck crop prices have been extremely erratic from
season to season, as well as from month to month. For those
interested in specific crops in this group, attention should be
given to the tables of prices and price relatives of the individual
crops. The price trend of all 12 crops may not be representative
of a single crop for a given season.

MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS
The miscellaneous group includes sweet potatoes; peanuts;
wool; hay; cowpeas; and tobacco, type 14 (flue-cured), type 45
(sun tobacco) 4, and type 62 (shade-grown). As earlier prices
were not available, tobacco was added to the group in 1924 by
the same method as previously explained for grapefruit and truck
crops. Since this group contains quite dissimilar products, those
interested in these prices should study the individual commodity
prices and price relatives (Tables 23 to 34, inclusive). The mis-
cellaneous group index is shown in Table 11, and the relative
importance of each commodity is brought out in Table A in the
Appendix. The inclusion of tobacco in this group has raised the
4 Type number now changed to 56.







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


index for the group much higher since 1933 than it would have
otherwise been. This was due mainly to prices of flue-cured and
shade-grown tobacco (Fig. 20).

PURCHASING POWER OF FLORIDA FARM PRODUCTS 5
The purchasing power, or exchange ratio, of many Florida
farm products is shown in Table 12. This ratio is calculated by
dividing the index of the average annual price received by Florida
producers by the average index of prices paid by farmers in the
United States for commodities used in living and production.
This latter index does not include interest, taxes or wages.


Fig. 20.-Miscellaneous Products: Prices Received by Florida Farmers and
Purchasing Power per Unit.

As previously explained, Florida farmers do not buy the same
items nor the same amounts as do all United States farmers;
but despite these limitations the index of prices paid by United
States farmers is believed to represent somewhat closer the level
of prices paid by Florida farmers than any other available index.
5 Purchasing power as used in this bulletin refers to the exchange value
per unit, or ratio existing between prices received and prices paid. In its
broader sense, purchasing power refers to the buying power of total income
received which is affected by quantities sold as well as prices received per
unit.







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 11.-MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS: INDEX NUMBERS OF PRICES
RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)


Year


1909 ...........
1910 ...........
1911 ............
1912 ............
1913 ............
1914 ............
1915 ...........
1916 ............
1917 ............
1918 .........
1919 ............
1920 ............
1921 ...........
1922 ............
1923 ...........
1924 ............
1925 ...........
1926 ............
1927 ............
1928 ............
1929 ............
1930 ............
1931 ...........
1932 ............
1933 ............
1934 ...........
1935 ..........
1936 ...........
1937 ............
1938 ...........
1939 ...........
1940 ............
1941 ...........
1942 .........
1943 ............
1944 ...........


Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I April] May I June July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. IYec. I Avg.


75 91
95 98
98 104
97 96
101 99
98 97
88 90
97 105
139 148
132 139
176 178
109 106
89 94
116 115
147 1521
146 1441
146 152
145 156
140 140
126 119
120 129
118 117
70 72
60 65
78 80
121 125
110 115
130 131
120 126
122 122
113 113
126 125
133 135
186 186
263 256


89 82
115 115
1121 121
1021 106
115 114
118 113
98 102
158 165
181 210
162 172
212 219
99 106
1021 134
143 139
181 186
162 193
145 212
160 150
149 155
126 150
132 133
129 110
82 84
79 86
99 116
121 124
115 124
141 123
138 136
128 115
127 126
138 137
146 172
245 279
278


The purchasing power per unit or exchange ratio of a crop or
product is the best measure of its price advantage or disadvan-
tage. When the purchasing power is high, i. e., above 100, it
indicates a relatively favorable position for a commodity; and
when below 100 an unfavorable price relationship.

SEASONAL VARIATION OF FLORIDA FARM PRICES

Prices of many farm products have a pronounced and regular
seasonal change. Other commodities show little change from
month to month due to season. Of greater importance than the
amount of the change is the regularity or uniformity of seasonal
fluctuations.






TABLE 12.-PURCHASING POWER OF FLORIDA FARM PRODUCTS.

Grains Cotton and Dairy Products Poultry Products Meat Animals
Calen- All (1910-14=100) Cotton Seed (1910-14=100) (1910-14=100) (1910-14=100)
dar Pro- (1910-14=100)_
Year ducts Cot- Milk Milk t
Corn Oats Total Cot- ton Total Whole- Re- But- Total Chick-[Eggs Total Cat- Cal- Sheep Lambs Hogs Total
ton Seed sale tail ter ens I tie ves


910 88 102 106 102 119 134 120 101 101 96 101 94 101 99 113 114 113 106 116 114
911 90 93 97 93 100 97 99 99 100 95 99 91 94 93 95 96 92 96 96 95
912 105 106 109 106 93 77 91 100 102 104 101 101 100 100 91 88 77 81 91 91
913 130 100 92 100 88 85 88 101 99 104 100 107 105 106 95 97 107 109 93 94
914 95 100 94 100 91 88 91 102 99 104 100 115 110 111 109 109 122 113 106 108
915 90 93 91 93 80 108 92 98 92 99 95 105 97 99 101 106 107 101 91 98
916 102 78 76 78 100 140 103 84 79 89 81 88 86 86 91 98 102 93 85 90
917 94 101 87 101 140 162 142 82 77 89 80 87 93 91 99 102 107 97 109 103
918 122 105 88 105 174 162 173 85 77 84 80 93 94 93 99 93 101 89 113 103
919 106 88 78 87 119 135 120 85 77 84 81 94 91 91 79 84 87 79 98 86
920 112 89 74 89 104 115 105 91 87 98 89 106 101 103 74 83 83 75 89 80
921 104 61 62 61 52 74 54 105 106 98 105 117 94 100 68 80 73 68 74 71
922 134 58 67 58 75 103 78 "4 97 89 96 111 87 93 62 70 69 65 74 68
923 90 75 72 75 111 126 112 92 99 96 96 114 92 97 62 76 77 72 68 66
924 86 84 82 84 111 115 111 97 104 99 101 116 98 103 50 64 74 78 71 59
925 122 82 79 82 88 97 89 99 104 94 102 117 101 105 54 67 82 88 92 69
926 121 67 63 67 61 75 63 109 112 93 111 132 103 111 62 72 85 88 100 77
927 93 72 60 72 61 83 63 93 112 97 104 120 88 97 68 81 89 88 87 76
928 116 83 69 83 73 107 75 90 107 96 100 112 88 94 87 90 101 99 74 83
929 83 76 73 76 71 97 73 89 105 96 97 117 93 99 89 108 98 98 79 88
930 110 74 77 74 54 75 56 90 108 92 101 113 89 95 78 101 82 92 79 82
931 77 70 71 70 37 60 40 84 114 88 101 110 79 87 67 94 68 81 67 70
932 96 54 56 54 34 48 35 75 118 80 98 102 76 82 63 83 53 82 50 61
933 69 63 65 63 45 52 46 67 110 70 91 85 77 80 60 73 56 72 44 56
934 81 75 84 75 59 84 61 70 107 67 90 84 81 82 57 71 54 70 48 56
935 80 73 81 73 57 108 61 74 109 75 93 96 90 92 78 82 67 76 78 78
936 86 78 80 78 59 97 61 75 110 79 95 102 92 94 80 86 74 83 90 85
937 91 90 81 90 53 92 56 76 105 74 92 .94 85 87 83 82 63 82 92 86
938 66 68 63 68 47 69 48 79 112 76 98 102 89 93 83 83 59 80 82 83
939 74 63 61 63 50 74 53 79 113 73 98 102 83 88 90 91 57 83 72 83
1
1








Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 12.-PURCHASING POWER OF FLORIDA FARM PRODUCTS (Continued).


Miscellaneous Products
Calen- _(1910-14=100)
dar I I
Year Sweet Pea- Cow- Tobacco
Po- nuts Wool Hay peas Type Type Type Total
tatoes 14 45 62


1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943


... ..

... .. .
..... .
..... .
............
..... ...
... .
............
............
............
------------

............

............
------------
............
............
............
............



............
............
............
............
............
............


105
103
103
105
103
104
110
95
74
81
79
86
86
83
89
102
101+
90*
91f
105t


104 1
110
110
112
93
94
108
62
86
79
130
137
146
138
154
159
151
131
145
189


t Type number 56.

In Tables 13 and 14 are shown index numbers of seasonal vari-
ation of prices of Florida farm products. Eggs, sweet potatoes
and corn have a wide seasonal variation, which is also rather
uniform from year to year. Milk (wholesale), hogs and cattle,
while having smaller seasonal price changes, are also very uni-
form. Cowpeas, cotton seed and peanuts have considerable sea-
sonal variations but are not quite so uniform in pattern.
The seasonal variation of prices of oats, calves, butter, cotton,
sheep, chickens, lambs, turkeys, wool, milk (retail), milk cows,
horses and mules is less pronounced than in the foregoing com-


116
87
132
112
71
106
64
47
92
99
147
128
160
146
149
91
129
147
191
220










Season
Oran-
__ges*
1909-10 ....... 72
1910-11 ....... 92.
1911-12 ...... .. 113
1912-13 .......... 127
1913-14 .......... 97
1914-15 ........:: 84
1915-16 ......... 105
1916-17 ........ 85
1917-18 ........ 141
1918-19 ......... 117
1919-20 ......... 112
1920-21 .......... 91
1921-22 ........ 164
1922-23 ....... 109
1923-24 ........ 79
1924-25 .......... 133
1925-26 ........ 132
1926-27 .......... 96
1927-28 ....-... 153
1928-29 .......... 70
1929-30 .......... 120
1930-31 .......... 89
1931-32 ........ 110
1932-33 ......... 83
1933-34 ........ 86
1934-35 .....-. 79
1935-36 ......... 97
1936-37 ........ 98
1937-38 ....... 74
1938-39 ........ 70
1939-40 ......... 76
1940-41 .......... 70
1941-42 ......... 74
1942-43 .......... 97


TABLE 12.-PURCHASING POWER OF FLORIDA FARM PRODUCTS (Concluded).
CITRUS TRUCK CROPS
(1910-14 = 100) (1924-29 = 100)
Grape- Tan- I I Cu- I I Straw- I
fruit ger- Total Beans Cab- Cel- cum- Egg- Let- Peas Pep- Pota- I ber- Toma-1 Water- Total
ines* ** bage ery bers plant I tuce | pers toes | ries toes I melons


93
85
140
91
93
55
71
71
67
69
51
61
74
65
44
63
81
67
84
60
88
47
62
52
56
41
59
47
48
35
49
38
47
54


85
112
88
95
118
79
89
102
112
108
98
111
131
118
117
147
147
101
147
84
123
66
80
78
75
63
80
62
76
68
79
64
88
80


50
78
114/
159
105
77
118
96
152
141
137
114
199
111
58
140
153
97
160
63
137
68
104
66
84
54
86
80
59
44
48
50
67
88


97
88
135
98
94
96
78
91
78
48
45
63
70
64
51
44
78
70
71
84


110
78
132
89
110
72
173
69
123
76
61
127
63
74
61
78
65
107
74
175


94 105
86 95
143 88
87 84
104 101
84 127
101 116
98 63
97 104
88 88
83 81
113 78
120 87
102 104
72 74
109 73
122 104
132 136
123 100
233 178


88 | 92 135
83 86 100
109 137 94
104 91 92
81 103 96
143 80 100
98 123 90
90 54 82
82 99 96
73 91 91
81 112 51
84 101 72
90 110 59
62 101 78
84 61 55
71 108 92
137 90 72
112 132 88
95 168 66
1661 221 97


77
98
115
86
71
145
122
76
74
60
90
80
109
78
62
88
147
106
103
156


105 72 83
101 65 103
129 130 120
100 103 91
91 112 99
76 110 94
98 63 122
78 70 68
77 58 100
79 51 76
75 52 95
60 82 90
84 71 97
74 58 95
48 52 82
62 51 95
70 67 122
56 63 123
74 65 118
87 81 155


102
120
119
77
94
88
118
69
88
90
99
51
109
104
60
65
82
126
113
206


*F.O.B. packed for fresh consumption.
**Equivalent packinghouse door, all methods of sale. This index not comparable with the individual indexes of oranges, grapefruit and tangerines in
the preceding columns, and is considered less reliable. Grapefruit is not included until 1924, and closing prices are used in months of no sales.


.


1








TABLE 13.-INDEX NUMBERS OF SEASONAL VARIATION OF FLORIDA FARM PRICES FOR GENERAL CROPS, LIVESTOCK, AND
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS.
(Calendar years 1925-1941, inclusive)


Product |Jan. Feb.
General crops:
Corn --..............-- 92 96
Cotton ...........--.. 98 100
Cotton seed ....... 101 106
Cowpeas ........... 96 97
Hay ...................... 96 97
Oats .................... 103 105
Peanuts .............. 97 102
Sweet potatoes .... 86 89
Livestock:
-Cattle .............. 96 100
Calves ................ 98 100
Chickens .......... 99 97
Hogs ..................... 93 94
Horses .................. 100 98
Lambs .................... 100 99
Milk cows .......... 99 98
Mules ................ 99 100
Sheep .................. 102 102
Turkeys** .......... 100 99
Livestock products:
Butter ............ 102 100
Eggs ................ 117 88
Milk (wholesale) 107 106
Milk (retail) ........ 102 101
W ool ............... ... 102 102


Mar.

101
101
105
98
99
104
106
92

102
99
98
97
101
100
98
101
103
98

99
75
104
100
102


April May

105 110
102 101
106 105
106 107
103 105
103 102
106 106
99 105

104 105
101 99
102 103
98 99
101 100
102 101
99 100
101 100
102 101
99 -

100 98
74 75
98 94
100 100
99 99


I June I July I Aug. I Sept. 1 Oct. I Nov. I Dec. | Avg


110
100
102
106
105
98
102
111

104
102
101
101
101
103
102
100
99


96
77
92
98
100


111
104
99
108
106
95
104
122

100
103
101
104
101
102
100
100
97


97
87
93
98
99


* Calendar years 1926-1941, inclusive.
** September 1924 to August 1941, inclusive.


111 99
101 100
89 94
109 100
102 100
97 96
103 99
125 109

100 100
102 104
97 99,
107 107
102 99
100 99
101 101
101 99
97 97


98 100
96 113
95 98
98 100
100 98


89
98
98
95
96
98
92
96

99
99
101
106
100
97
102
100
97
100

102
125
102
101
98


86 90
98 97
96 99
89 89
95 96
98 101
91 92
84 82

96 94
98 95
101 101
100 94
99 98
99 98
99 101
100 99
102 101
102 102

104 104
134 139
105 106
101 101
100 101


100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100 a
100 .
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100


----


I















TABLE 14.-INDEX NUMBERS OF SEASONAL VARIATION OF FLORIDA FARM PRICES FOR CITRUS AN
(September 1924 to August 1941, inclusive)


Citrus:
Grapefruit* *-
Oranges .....
Tangerines .....
Truck crops:
Beans .............
Cabbage ..............
Celery ..........
Cucumbers ............
Eggplant .............
Escarole ** .
Lettuce
(Big Boston) ..
Peas, English ...
Peppers .........
Potatoes
(Early Irish) ..
Strawberries ......
Tomatoes ............
Watermelons ......


Sept. Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Jan. I Feb. I


132


105 96
100 88
116

81 80


89 97
102 112
92

-98
106
67 98


| 119
| -


90
81
96

87
123
104
113
102
80

94
113
110

106
180
118


88
85
80

120
114
92

108
88

97
101
107

111
112
99


89
90
94

137
97
90

121
97

106
94
125

108
91
94


Mar. April

93 100
102 113
114

137 93
92 89
93 88
168 118
119 111
98 116

111 94
90 96
123 108

115 100
88 70
103 107


May


100
117


65
85
110
69
85
129


88

81
59
95
161


I Jun


108
119



123
46
78



74

79

65
91


FD TRUCK CROPS.


July Aug. IAvg. .

99 100
105 100
100


100
100
S -- 100
62 100
100

100
-- -- 100
100
100
-- 100
100
48 100 .
___ 0


* F. 0. B. shipping point, packed for fresh consumption.
** September 1927 to August 1941, inclusive.


Product I


--~-


1


* F O.B. hilpin ontpa ed or rshc su ti .


ie







Florida Farm Prices


modities and is considered to be less significant. When the
extreme variation from the low to the high month is 10 percent
or less, seasonal variation is usually of little importance.
Grapefruit, oranges and tangerines show a very decided sea-
sonal price change.
The widest seasonal variation of Florida farm products is found
among the truck crops. In cucumbers, strawberries and water-
melons the average seasonal change in price from low to high
amounts to more than 100 percent of the season average price.
Other truck crops-such as beans, eggplant, peppers and toma-
toes-have a seasonal price change of over 50 percent of the
season average, but are less uniform. In general, the seasonal
fluctuations of all truck crops are less regular than are those for
livestock, livestock products and general crops. Since truck crops
are perishable they cannot be stored and must be sold when ready
for harvest; therefore, the seasonal trend for a particular season
may deviate widely from the index as shown in Table 14, due
to the size of the crop and weather conditions in Florida and
other parts of the United States. Weather largely determines
the date the season begins and therefore the competition with
other domestic areas. Local catastrophes, such as freezes and
floods, may cause the seasonal pattern of Florida prices to depart
far from the normal. The development of new areas of produc-
tion causes seasonal shifts more serious in truck crops than in
most other farm products.
Truck crops for which seasonal indexes are considered most
representative from year to year are cucumbers, strawberries
and watermelons. Those which are least likely to follow the
trend of the seasonal index for a particular season are beans,
peppers, lettuce, escarole, peas, cabbage and celery. For pota-
toes, tomatoes and eggplant they are somewhat less erratic.

MONTHLY FARM PRICES AND PRICE RELATIVES OF
EACH PRODUCT
In Tables 15-93 are given the prices received by Florida farm-
ers for individual commodities, representing for most products
the price received on the 15th of the month. Prices of truck
crops and citrus are weighted monthly averages. The annual or
seasonal price shown usually is an unweighted average of the
monthly prices. For truck crops, oranges, grapefruit and tanger-
ines a weighted season-average price is shown also. The weighted
average price more nearly represents the income of growers than







42 Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

does the unweighted average, since the quantity sold multiplied
by this price gives the cash income from sales of the crop.
All prices are the official figures from the United States De-
partment of Agriculture and were obtained from the Orlando
office of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Monthly prices
shown are subject to revision for about a year after being
reported.
Price series on turkeys, horses, mules, milk cows and escarole
were not included in the combined index.
Price relatives were calculated by dividing each monthly price
by the arithmetic average price of that product during a base
period. Thus for corn (Table 15) the prices of the 60 months,

TABLE 15.-CORN: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Cents per bushel)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.

1908 ............ 80 82 84 86 91 94 90 88 90 88 84 841 87..
1909 ............ 85 85 87 92 96 98 98 94 89 84 82 83 89
1910 ......... 84 86 88 90 88 92 94 90 86 86 85 82 88
1911 ............ 76 79 82 82 84 88 90 88 82 78 79 82 82
1912 ........... 86 90 90 92 100 104 105 99 90 88 83 84 93
1913 ......... 87 86 90 92 94 94 94 92 85 81 82 82 88
1914 ......... 81 80 84 86 88 88 92 94 94 93 86 84 88-.'
1915 .......... 87 87 92 94 96 96 97 94 78 67 70 73 86 U?
1916 ......... 78 83 80 80 87 92 90 84 84 84 85 90 85
1917 ............ 92 95 100 127 154 158 158 152 136 128 134 142 131
1918 .......... 140 148 164 170 182 182 172 164 168 160 140 138 161
1919 ........... 139 141 142 149 162 172 186 194 164 132 132 142 155
1920 ........... 150 158 164 176 186 191 194 182 140 123 118 88 156
1921 ......... 75 84 98 100 98 94 96 95 74 52 50 54 81
1922 ............ 56 60 68 76 82 81 86 90 80 72 78 84 76
1923 ............ 86 92 96 102 103 100 102 110 108 100 100 96 100
1924 ......... 105 106 105 110 113 115 125 125 120 110 92 120 112
1925 ............ 120 126 123 116 125 110 120 120 106 90 90 95 112
1926 ........ 89 94 90 100 95 94 96 95 92 84 78 81 91
1927 ........... 78 88 89 92 106 107 101 104 101 97 96 97 96
1928 ........... 97 102 103 108 125 126 134 130 126 110 90 94 112
1929 ......... 94 103 107 112 117 114 110 106 100 91 86 86 102
1930 ......... 89 92 97 96 100 103 102 101 99 85 85 85 94
1931 ............ 85 88 91 92 91 91 91 84 65 46 50 53 77
1932 ............ 54 51 54 55 52 55 57 58 47 41 41 41 50
1933 ............ 42 43 44 48 59 69 76 74 67 64 63 66 60
1934 ............ 69 77 79 78 80 88 88 88 80 77 71 79 80
1935 ............ 82 85 87 87 92 87 86 81 72 63 65 65 79
1936 ......... 66 68 73 73 77 79 88 109 105 92 90 95 85
1937 ............ 100 108 108 122 124 132 132 118 95 70 63 67 103
1938 ......... 71 73 82 88 88 8579 62 55 55 54 73
1939 ......... 59 61 65 65 71 71 72 70 63 6564 72 66
1940 ........... 78 86 87 92 93 95 93 88 72 60 62 66 81
1941 ......... 67 71 74 80 83 841 85 80 79 76 75 82 78
1942 ............ 86 92 95 100 105 1051 110 110 105 100 100 105 101
1943 ............ 110 115 116 126 130 140 150 150 151 150 151 155 137
1944 ............ 157 157 160 160 160 1650 16 __ __







Florida Farm Prices


August, 1909, to July, 1914, inclusive, were added and the total
divided by 60 to determine the average or base price of 87.4 cents
per bushel. The price of corn each month is then divided by. this
figure to obtain the corn relative price (Table 16).
For most products the base was the 5-year period August, 1909,
to July, 1914, inclusive. Truck crops, tobacco, turkeys and mules
are computed on different bases because of lack of 1909-14 prices.
The purpose of price relatives is to facilitate comparisons be-
tween different commodities and different periods of time.

TABLE 16.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA CORN PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year | Jan. I Feb. | Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.

1908 ............ 92 94 96 98 104 108 103 101 103 101 96 96 99
1909 ......... 97 97 100 105 110 112 112 108 102 96 94 95 102
1910 ........ 96 98 101 103 101 105 108 103 98 98 97 94 100
1911 ............ 87 9094 94 96 101 103 101 94 89 90 94 94
1912 ........ 98 103 103 105 114 119 120 113 103 101 95 96 106
1913 ............ 100 98 103 105 108 108 108 105 97 93 94 94 101
1914 ........ 93 92 96 98 101 101 105 108 108 106 98 96 100
1915 ............ 100 100 105 108 110 110 111 108 89 77 80 84 98
1916 ........... 89 95 92 92 100 105 103 96 96 96 97 103 97
1917 ............ 105 109 114 145 176 181 181 174 156 146 153 162 150
1918 .......... 160 169 188 195 208 208 197 188 192 183 160 158 184
1919 ............ 159 161 162 170 185 197 213 222 188 151 151 162 177
1920 ............ 172 181 188 201 213 219 222 208 160 141 135 101 178
1921 ........ 86 96 112 114 112 108 110 109 85 59 57 62 92
1922 ............ 64 69 78 87 94 93 98 103 92 82 89 96 87
1923 ....... 98 105 110 117 118 114 117 126 124 114 114 110 114
1924 ............ 120 121 120 126 129 132 143 143 137 126 105 137 128
1925 -............ 137 144 141 133 143 126 137 137 121 103 103 109 128
1926 ............ 102 108 103 114 109 108 110 109 105 96 89 93 104
1927 ........ 89 101 102 105 121 122 116 119 116 111 110 111 110
1928 ............ 111 117 118 124 143 144 153 149 144 126 103 108 128
1929 ........ 108 118 122 128 134 130 126 121 114 104 98 98 117
1930 ............ 102 105 111 110 114 118 117 116 113 97 97 97 108
1931 -.......- 97 101 104 105 104 104 104 96 74 53 57 61 88
1932 ........... 62 58 62 63 59 63 65 66 54 47 47 47 58
1933 .......... 48 49 50 55 68 79 87 85 77 73 72 76 68
1934 ........ 79 88 90 89 92 101 101 101 92 88 81 90 91
1935 ............ 94 97 100 100 105 100 98 93 82 72 74 74 91
1936 ............ 76 78 84 84 88 90 101 125 120 105 103 109 97
1937 ............ 114 124 124 14] 142 151 151 135 109 80 72 77 118
1938 ........ 81 84 94 101 101 101 97 90 71 63 63 62 84
1939 ........68 70 74 74 81 81 82 80 72 74 73 82 76
1940 ........... 89 98 100 105 106 109 106 101 82 69 71 76 93
1941 ......... 77 81 85 92 95 96 97 92 90 87 86 94 89
1942 .......... 98 105 109 114 120 120 126 126 120 114 114 120 116
1943 .......... 126 132 133 144 149 160 172 172 173 172 173 1771 157
1944 ............ 180 180 183 183 183 1891 __1








Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 17.-OATS: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH
(Cents per bushel)


Year


1908 ............
1909 ............
1910 ............
1911 ............
1912 ............
1913 ............
1914 ............
1915 ............
1916 ............
1917 ............
1918 ............
1919 ............
1920 ...........
1921 ............
1922 ............
1923 ............
1924 ............
1925 ............
1926 ............
1927 ............
1928 ............
1929 ............
1930 ............
1931 ............
1932 ............
1933 ............
1934 ............
1935 ............
1936 ............
1937 ............
1938 ............
1939 ............
1940 ............
1941 ............
1942 ............
1943 ............
1944 ............


Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I ADrill May I June I July I Aug. I Sent. I Oct. I Nov. I DIec. I Ave.


741
77
77
66
82
60
64
66
70
88
130
111
122
62
60
75
84
80
70
61
79
76
83
68
42
45
72
72
52
75
59
50
70
58
80
100
130


78 75
100 110


78
72
75
67
76
67
67
66
64
103
84
118
106
64
72
72
80
81
65
71
75
79
79
46
38
60
73
70
73
70
45
55
64
65
80
115


TABLE 18.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA OATS PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year| Jan. I Feb. | Mar. | April| May I June IJuly I Aug. I Sept. Oct. I Nov. I Dec. | Avg.

1908 ............ 106 106 103 99 101 103 101 106 109 103 101 101 103
1909 ............ 106 112 109 109 109 108 109 106 101 103 105 109 107
1910 ............ 112 110 108 105 106 108 106 105 105 98 92 91 104
1911 ......... 101 103 96 96 94 92 95 94 94 96 103 106 98
1912 ........... 108 109 109 112 115 115 117 115 106 101 98 98 109
1913 ............ 98 92 92 96 95 84 81 89 94 98 99 98 93
1914 ............ 95 91 89 92 92 89 9 92 94 101 102 103 94
1915 ........... 103 98 101 101 98 92 85 87 92 95 98 98 96
1916 ........... 92 91 95 92 96 98 89 82 89 101 101 103 94
1917 ............ 103 106 112 123 135 123 115 126 144 165 156 140 129
1918 ............ 137 142 168 182 173 182 173 134 117 134 156 161 155
1919 ......... 165 155 154 159 165 155 145 137 165 173 152 156 157
1920 ............ 161 165 151 162 172 170 175 166 148 126 96 95 149


Year


----~-------








Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 18.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA OATS PRICES- (Concluded).


Year
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


I April May I Junel July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.


TABLE 19.-COTTON: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Cents per pound)


Year I Jan. I Feb.


1908 ............
1909 ............
1910 ............
1911 ............
1912 ............
1913 ............
1914 ............
1915 ............
1916 ............
1917 ............
1918 ............
1919 ............
1920 ............
1921 ............
1922 ............
1923 ............
1924 ............
1925 ............
1926 ............
1927 ............
1928 ............
1929 ............
1930 ............
1931 ............
1932 ............
1933 ...........
1934 .........
1935 ............
1936 ............


12.2 15.0
12.0 12.8
20.0 20.0
18.0 18.5
12.5 13.8
15.0 13.2
14.6 16.0
10.2 10.7
15.4 15.5
25.0 18.0
54.7 55.0
44.8 37.4
41.0 37.8
12.8 11.5
15.6 14.5
24.8 25.0
32.0 31.0
21.5 22.0
18.4 17.7
9.9 11.0
17.0 16.5
17.7 17.8
15.7 15.0
9.0 9.3
5.6 5.6
5.6 5.3
9.7 10.9
12.0 12.0
10.7 11.0


I Mar. I April May I June I July


11.6 11.3 11.5
12.7 13.4 14.2
20.6 17.7 14.6
18.0 17.5 16.8
15.0 15.5 15.5
14.0 13.5 13.4
15.0 15.2 16.2
15.6 14.2 11.9
13.7 17.7 21.2
25.8 36.4 37.5
52.0 50.0 47.5
39.6 42.0 41.8
39.3 40.6 40.0
10.2 10.0 9.0
15.8 18.2 18.8
26.4 25.5 25.0
28.5 28.0 27.5
23.0 22.0 23.0
15.1 16.2 16.0
11.5 13.0 14.0
18.7 18.8 19.0
18.0 18.0 17.5
15.1 14.4 12.4
8.7 7.7 8.0
5.0 4.9 5.4
7.5 8.7 10.4
10.7 10.8 11.3
12.1 11.6 12.2
11.2 11.3 12.1


I Aug. I


Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec.

12.6 12.0 12.0 12.1
15.0 15.9 17.7 19.6
15.9 18.6 20.4 19.8
14.0 12.8 12.2 12.0
13.8 14.2 15.4 15.8
13.8 14.5 16.2 15.6
13.2 13.0 12.4 11.1
15.6 15.0 13.9 14.4
20.5 22.4 26.9 30.5
41.5 39.0 45.2 53.0
45.0 40.0 39.0 44.0
32.5 33.0 39.0 43.5
24.5 22.8 20.8 15.2
14.9 17.8 17.5 17.3
19.0 19.2 21.8 23.8
26.4 26.9 27.9 31.4
23.8 23.5 22.5 21.0
21.4 20.5 19.4 18.3
15.9 11.3 10.3 9.3
21.0 21.0 19.6 18.0
17.0 17.7 17.7 18.1
17.2 17.0 16.2 15.7
9.8 8.9 9.4 9.0
5.7 5.0 5.6 5.5
7.1 6.1 5.8 5.3
8.5 9.0 9.4 9.0
12.8 12.1 11.9 12.0
10.0 10.1 10.3 10.4
11.8 11.7 12.1 12.0


--


SAvg.


12.6
14.3
18.4
15.9
14.6
14.1
14.4
13.2
19.5
33.0
48.5
38.0
33.0
12.5
17.8
26.6
26.7
21.8
15.1
14.7
17.8
17.4
12.5
7.5
5.8
7.8
11.4
11.3
11.4


I Jan. I Feb. I Mar.
............ 98 91 98
............ 94 101 99
............ 117 106 106
............ 135 140 133
............ 133 140 133
......... 119 114 108
........ 98 92 88
.......... 99 101 110
............ 119 115 116
............ 115 115 115
........... 105 112 108
............ 68 70 70
............ 49 49 50
............ 94 101 99
............ 113 113 106
............ 98 102 106
............ 115 115 115
............ 96 98 95
........... 64 67 67
............ 98 101 101
............ 99 95 98
............ 108 109 112
............ 131 131 135
............ 182 182 182


95
95
109
122
119
98
95
112
110
110
95
66
63
95
101
101
117
88
70
103
96
119
140
182


----


,








Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 19.-COTTON PRICES -(Concluded).
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April[ May ) Junel July I Aug. Sept. Oct. I Nov. ) Dec. I Avg.
1937 ........... 12.6 12.3 13.0 13.2 12.3 11.7 12.0 8.1 7.7 8.7 9.8 8.9 10.9
1938 ........ 8.6 9.9 8.7 8.7 8.9 8.5 8.5 8.1 8.7 9.6 10.3 9.8 9.0
1939 ........... 9.9 9.2 9.1 9.1 9. 9.2 9.7 9.3 9.0 10.0 11.5 11.0 9.7
1940 ............ 10.9 10.4 .4 10. 0 10.7 9.9 10.5 9.1 9.7 11.0 12.5 13.1 10.8
1941 ............ 10.5 10.7 10.6 11.5 11.0 12.0 13.4 16.0 17.6 17.5 17.2 17.2 13.8
1942 ............ 18.0 18.9 19.3 19.5 19.7 1 18 18.2 18.1 18.2 19.0 19.1 20.1 18.9
1943 ........... 19.9 21.3 20.6 20.0 20.8 21.3 19.5 19.5 20.6 21.7 20.1 20.4 20.5
1944 ............ 20.7 20.21 20.2 20.5 21.0 21.6 _____

TABLE 20.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA COTTON PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)

Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. ) Sept. ( Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.


1908 ............
1909 ............
1910 ............
1911 ...........
1912 ............
1913 ............
1914 ............
1915 ............
1916 ............
1917 ...........
1918 ............
1919 ............
1920 ............
1921 ............
1922 ............
1923 ............
1924 ............
1925 ............
1926 ............
1927 ............
1928 ............
1929 ............
1930 ............
1931 ............
1932 ............
1933 ............
1934 ............
1935 ............
1936 ............
1937 ............
1938 ............
1939 ............
1940 ............
1941 ............
1942 ............
1943 ............
1944 ............


77 95
76 81
127 127
114 117
79 87
95 84
92 101
65 68
97 98
158 114
346 348
284 237
259 239
81 73
99 92
157 158
203 196
136 139
116 112
63 70
108 104
112 113
99 95
57 59
35 35
35 34
61 69
76 76
68 70
80 78
54 63
63 58
69 66
66 68
114 120
126 135
131 128


97 83
78 74
124 123
114 109
94 95
78 84
103 97
70 82
98 97
106 115
351 345
190 209
255 258
63 58
86 86
169 175
174 184
152 146
114 106
72 63
109 111
115 115
94 94
62 61
39 39
36 37
70 73
73 73
69 68
82 84
55 55
58 58
66 70
67 73
122 123
130 127
128 130


77 80
124 91
125 117
76 101
100 93
99 89
70 91
91 84
193 124
335 209
278 307
275 240
96 209
109 79
151 112
199 168
133 169
116 138
59 95
114 93
115 113
99 110
57 79
35 47
34 37
57 49
76 72
66 71
76 73
56 69
62 57
70 61
83 68
109 87
127 119
129 130




TABLE 21.-COTTON SEED: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per ton)
Year | Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Apr. I May I June I July Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. Dec. I Avg.


1909 .............
1910 ..............
1911 ..............
1912 ..............
1913 ..............
1914 ..............
1915 .............
1916 ............
1917 ..............
1918 ..............
1919 ..........
1920 ..............
1921 ..............
1922 ..............
1923 ..............
1924 ..............
1925 ..............
1926 ..............
1927 ..............
1928 ..............
1929 ..........
1930 ..........
1931 ..............
1932 ..........
1933 ..........
1934 ..............
1935 ..........
1936 ..............
1937 ..............
1938 ..........
1939 ..............
1940 ..............
1941 ..............
1942 ..............
1943 ..............
1944 ..............


30.20
25.70
17.00
20.00
22.00
18.40
37.00
51.00
63.60
65.00
70.00
24.00
27.50
44.00
45.00
38.00
32.00
20.00
40.00
39.00
28.00
21.00
13.00
11.00
16.50
35.00
26.00
33.00
18.00
21.60
21.50
21.30
42.00
42.00
50.00


30.00
26.20
18.50
19.40
23.50
21.90
36.70
47.00
57.10
61.00
64.00
25.50
35.00
47.70
46.00
38.00
33.60
27.00
39.00
42.00
29.00
23.00
13.00
10.00
18.50
34.00
26.00
36.00
19.00
22.00
22.50
22.00
40.00
41.00
48.00


'


31.00
27.00
17.50
18.30
25.50
22.00
36.20
51.00
60.00
56.30
75.00
21.00
35.00
48.00
44.00
39.00
28.30
27.00
40.00
43.00
29.00
23.00
12.20
10.00
18.50
34.00
27.00
35.00
19.00
22.50
22.80
22.70
44.00
40.00
S48.00


32.00
27.00
17.70
18.90
24.30
26.10
37.50
48.75
65.00
56.50
70.00
22.00
40.00
50.00
44.00
40.00
30.00
28.00
42.00
41.50
29.00
23.00
12.20
10.50
20.00
34.00
26.00
35.00
19.00
22.20
23.70
24.50
44.00
42.00
50.00


32.50
26.50
20.00
19.70
24.40
29.00
34.00
50.00
67.50
66.00
63.00
23.00
40.00
48.00
44.00
40.00
25.00
28.00
43.00
40.00
29.00
23.00
12.10
12.00
21.00
36.00
26.00
33.00
20.00
21.50
21.70
24.50
44.00
43.00
48.00


I


33.00
25.30
17.80
22.00
23.00
30.00
36.00
50.00
69.00
58.00
70.00
20.00
38.00
45.00
40.00
35.00
27.60
29.00
43.00
37.00
28.00
21.00
11.50,
13.00
20.00
36.00
26.00
33.00
18.00
20.60
21.60
28.20
43.00
44.00
48.00


30.00
23.20
20.00
19.00
21.00
25.00
36.00
55.00
68.00
58.00
70.00
22.00
38.00
43.00
40.00
33.00
27.00
28.00
40.00
30.00
26.00
20.00
11.50
15.00
20.00
35.00
27.00
33.00
18.00
19.00
20.20
25.80
41.00
45.00


25.00
24.90
22.40
16.20
18.00
17.50
17.00
41.50
61.00
68.00
62.00
33.00
32.50
45.00
39.00
40.00
37.00
30.00
28.00
36.00
27.00
23.00
12.00
10.50
14.50
20.00
23.00
27.00
23.00
17.00
16.60
18.20
33.60
41.00
46.00


24.00
24.90
18.60
18.00
19.90
16.20
17.30
41.40
60.00
68.00
60.00
33.00
32.50
27.50
40.00
33.60
30.00
25.00
32.30
28.00
28.00
23.00
10.00
13.00
14.00
28.00
23.00
29.00
19.00
21.00
18.20
19.60
45.50
40.00
50.00


27.00 29.00
37.30 33.50
17.00 16.20
16.00 16.60
20.70 20.60
15.00 14.00
34.30 35.60
43.80 51.00
65.20 64.80
68.00 68.00
63.60 75.20
35.00 33.50
32.00 32.00
31.50 30.00
39.50 44.10
35.50 36.40
32.50 28.00
26.20 18.20
35.00 35.00
32.00 37.00
29.00 29.00
20.00 20.00
9.00 12.80
12.80 12.00
14.00 14.40
31.00 34.00
28.00 28.00
31.00 29.00
17.00 18.00
22.00 22.60
20.30 20.80
20.00 20.50
47.40 44.50
39.00 38.10
51.00 49.00


30.50
22.70 30.17
17.00 22.68
19.00 17.86
22.30 19.90
16.70 20.26
38.00 26.22
49.00 40.01
66.60 55.86
68.00 65.85
71.70 62.78
23.00 53.29
25.00 25.96
38.00 35.46
45.00 44.44
38.00 40.54
30.00 35.04
22.00 27.08
35.00 29.36
40.00 38.33
28.00 34.46
21.00 25.42
13.00 17.57
11.00 12.07
15.90 12.86
36.00 23.62
28.00 31.17
32.00 27.67
17.00 27.67
21.60 19.60
21.50 20.57
21.00 21.11
44.70 32.06
39.00 41.26
50.00 45.25








Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 22.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA COTTON SEED PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sent. I Oct. I Nov. I Iec. 1 Avg.


1909 ............
1910 ..........
1911 ..........
1912 ...........
1913 ..........
1914 ..........
1915 .......
1916 ............
1917 ...
1917 ............
1918 ..........
1919 ..........
1920 ...........
1921 ...........
1922 ............
1923 ............
1924 ............
1925 ............
1926 .. ......
1927 ..........
1928 .........
1929 .........
1930 .........
1931 .........
1932 ...........
1933 ............
1934 ............
1935 ............
1936 .........
1937 ...........
1938 ............
1939 ...........
1940 ............
1941 ............
1942 .........
1943 ..........
1944 ........


108 104 117 125 132
131 130 134 138 141 143 130 108 108 161 145 98 131
111 113 117 117 115 109 100 97 80 74 70 74 98
74 80 76 77 87 77 87 70 78 69 72 82 77
87 84 79 82 85 95 82 78 86 90 89 96 86
95 102 110 105 106 100 91 76 70 65 61 72 88
80 95 95 113 125 130 108 74 75 148 154 164 113
160 159 157 162 147 156 156 180 179 190 221 212 173
221 203 221 211 216 216 238 264 260 282 280 288 242
275 247 260 281 292 299 294 294 294 294 294 294 285
281 264 244 244 286 251 251 268 260 275 325 310 272
303 277 325 303 273 303 303 143 143 151 145 100 231
104 110 91 95 100 87 95 141 141 138 138 108 112
119 151 151 173 173 164 164 195 119 136 130 164 153
190 206 208 2161 208 195 186 169 173 171 191 195 192
195 199 190 190 190 173 173 173 145 154 158 164 175
164 164 169 173 173 151 143 160 130 141 121 130 152
138 145 122 130 108 119 117 130 108 113 79 95 117
87 117 117 121 121 125 121 121 140 151 151 151 127
173 169 173 182 186 186 173 156 121 138 160 173 166
169 182 186 180 173 160 130 117 121 125 125 121 149
121 125 125 125 125 121 113 100 100 87 87 91 110
91 100 100 100 100 91 87 52 43 39 55 56 76
56 56 53 53 52 50 50 45 56 55 52 48 52
48 43 43 45 52 56 65 63 61 61 62 69 56
71 80 80 87 91 87 87 87 121 134 147 156 102
S151 147 147 147 156 156 151 100 100 121 121 121 135
113 113 117 113 113 113 117 117 125 134 125 138 120
143 156 151 151 143 143 143 100 82 74 78 74 120
78 82 82 82 87 78 78 74 91 95 98 93 85
93 95 97 96 93 89 82 72 79 88 90 93 89
93 97 99 103 94 93 87 79 85 87 89 91 91
92 95 98 106 106 122 112 145 197 205 193 193 139
182 173 190 190 190 186 177 177 173 169 165 169 178
182 177 173 182 186 190 195 199 216 221 212 216 196
216 208 208 216 208 208


TABLE 23.-SWEET POTATOES: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS,
15TH OF EACH MONTH.
(Cents per bushel)


Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. |
1909 ............ 80 85 80 60 50
1910 ............ 52 63 72 71 70 74 67 79 75 84
1911 .......... 80 76 85 90 95 100 100 108 101 97
1912 .......... 83 83 84 90 80 85 100 100 94 83
1913 ......... 73 74 74 76 75 81 80 91 86 80
1914 ........ 80 80 85 88 91 98 100 100 100 92
1915 .......... 76 78 74 82 90 100 93 101 92 80
1916 ......... 72 75 78 80 74 78 88 98 90 90
1917 .......... 80 85 95 100 130 130 135 135 125 115
1918 ......... 115 120 130 135 130 150 190 165 150 150
1919 ............ 120 120 120 130 140 150 150 160 170 145
1920 ......... 140 130 150 150 160 170 170 220 175 155
1921 ............ 100 100 105 90 92 105 115 110 100 100
1922 ........ 90 90 90 90 90 100 140 125 105 95
1923 ........ 99 89 100 133 100 116 120 155 118 130
1924 ........... 108 120 136 150 160 190 200 190 184 166
1925 ............125 121 153 144 161 162 240 226 189 169


Nov. Dec.
50 52
76 80
88 82
76 77
79 77
82 83
77 75
83 80
115 110
130 125
140 150
130 110
90 90
85 90
100 110
136 143
164 140


I Avg.

72
92
86
79
90
85
82
113
141.
141
155
100
99
114
157
166


Year







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 23.-SWEET POTATO PRICES- (Concluded).
Year IJan. I Feb. I Mar. April] May I Junel July I Aug. Sept.I Oct. I Nov. IDec. I Avg.
1926... 132 151 140 160 170 150 290 250 200 130 120 120 168
1927 ..... 110 120 100 110 115 135 145 155 130 115 105 95 120
1928 .......... 95 95 105 120 120 140 160 165 155 150 140 110 130
1929 115 105 115 125 135 135 160 155 125 110 90 95 122
1930 .... 95 100 95 95 100 105 125 120 135 135 110 90 109
1931 .... 105 100 100 120 120 125 115 115 95 90 65 65 101
1932 ............67 66 70 72 75 90 85 80 60 55 45 42 67
1933 ............45 45 46 48 55 60 70 95 75 65 60 60 60
1934 ........... 65 70 90 8 85 90 100 105 85 80 65 65 82
1935 ............85 76 74 78 80 80 95 80 75 70 65 60 76
1936 ----------65 65 70 70 70 75 85 140 105 95 80 80 83
1937 ----------75 85 95 100 110 125 100 115 105 80 70 70 94
1938 ............70 85 85 80 85 95 100 90 80 70 60 60 80
1939 ............65 65 65 70 80 80 85 85 70 70 65 65 72
1940 ............ 70 70 80 85 90 90 95 90 80 75 75 75 81
1941 ............ 85 90 90 95 105 110 115 120 100 95 90 90 99
1942 ----------... 90 95 100 100 110 120 125 130 130 130 130 135 116
1943 ............ 145 145 150 165 200 280 280 290 260 220 185 225 212
1944 ............225 210 210 225 230 260 _
TABLE 24.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA SWEET POTATO PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I April| May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I N ov. I Dec. I Avg.

1909 ............ 99 105 99 74 62 62 64
1910 ............64 78 89 88 86 91 83 98 93 104 94 99 89
1911 ........99 94 105 111 117 123 123 133 125 120 109 101 113
1912 ............ 102 102 104 111 99 105 123 123 116 102 94 95 106
1913 .- 90 91 91 94 93 100 99 112 106 99 98 95 97
1914 ............ 99 99105 109 112 121 123 123 123 114 101 102 111
1915 ............ 94 96 91 101 111 123 115 125 114 99 95 93 105
1916 ............89 93 96 99 91 96 109 121 111 111 102 99 101
1917 .......... 99 105 117 123 160 160 167 167 154 142 142 136 139
1918 ............ 142 148 160 167 160 185 235 204 185 185 160 154 174
1919 ......... 148 148 148 160 173 185 185 198 210 179 173 185 174
1920............ 173 160 185 185 198 210 210 272 216 191 160 136 191
1921............ 123 123 130 111 114 130 142 136 123 123 111 111 123
1922 ............ 111 111 111 111 123 173 154 130 117 105 111 122
1923 ............ 122 110 123 164 123 143 148 191 146 160 123 136 141
1924-. 133 148 168 185 198 235 247 235 227 205 168 177 194
1925............ 154 149 189 178 199 200 296 279 233 209 202 173 205
1926 ............ 163 186 173 198 210 185 358 309 247 160 148 148 207
1927 ............ 136 148 123 136 142 167 179 191 160 142 130 117 148
1928 ............ 117 117 130 148 148 173 198 204 191 185 173 136 160
1929 ........... 142 130 142 154 167 167 198 191 154 136 111 117 151
1930 ............ 117 123 117 117 123 130 154 148 167 167 136 111 134
1931 ............ 130 123 123 148 148 154 142 142 117 111 80 80 125
1932 ............ 83 81 86 89 93 111 105 99 74 68 56 52 83
1933 .......... 56 6 5 59 6874 86 117 93 80 74 74 74
1934 ....... .. 80 86 111 105 105 111 123 130 105 99 80 80 101
1935 ......... 105 94 91 96 99 99 117 99 93 86 80 74 94
1936 ............ 80 80 86 86 86 93 105 173 130 117 99 99 103
1937 ...... 93 105 117 123 136 154 123 142 130 99 86 86 116
1938 ......... 86 105 105 99 105 117 123 111 99 86 74 74 99
1939 ............ 808080 86 99 99 105 105 86 86 80 80 89
1940 .......... 86 86 99 105 111 111 117 111 99 93 93 93 100
1941 --.....-- 105 111 111 117 130 136 142 148 123 117 111 111 122
1942 ............111 117 123 123 136 148 154 160 160 160 160 167 143
1943 ............179 179 185 204 247 346 346 358 321 272 228 278 262
1944 ...... 278259 259 278 284 321







50 Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

TABLE 25.-PEANUTS: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Cents per pound)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1909 ........... 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.9
1910 .......... 3.8 4.8 4.6 5.5 4.2 3.7 3.5 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.8
1911 .......... 4.0 4.6 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.3 4.2 3.8 3.8 4.3 4.5
1912 .......... 4.0 4.7 5.0 4.8 5.0 5.5 5.3 5.4 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.8
1913 .......... 4.7 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.8 5.0 4.8 4.3 4.5 4.7
1914 .......... 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.5
1915 .......... 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.5 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.3 4.3
1916 ......... 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.1 4.1 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.8 3.9
1917 ......... 4.1 4.5 4.8 5.4 6.7 6.8 7.2 6.4 5.5 5.6 5.9 6.4 5.8
1918 .. ......... 5.9 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.2 7.8 8.0 7.4 5.5 5.5 4.7 4.7 6.4
1919 ............ 4.5 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.5 5.5 6.7 6.7 7.6 5.9 6.7 7.2 6.0
1920 .......... 8.0 9.0 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.6 10.5 8.8 5.5 6.4 4.7 4.3 8.0
1921 ............ 3.9 3.5 3.4 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.7
1922 ........... 2.4 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.8 3.8 3.2
1923 .......... 4.7 5.4 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.7
1924 .......... 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.5 6.0 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.0 4.5 4.3 5.8
1925 .......... 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.2 4.0 4.7 4.5 4.0 4.3 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.2
1926 ........... 4.2 3.8 4.5 4.1 3.9 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 3.6 3.7 4.2 4.1
1927 ............ 4.5 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.2 4.7 4.6 4.5 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.5 4.5
1928 ............ 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.6 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1
1929 ......... 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.1 2.8 2.9 3.8
1930 .......... 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.8 3.1
1931 ............ 2.5 2.8 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.4 3.0 1.9 1.3 1.0 1.0 2.6
1932 ........... 1.0 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2
1933 ............ 1.0 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.0
1934 ............ 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.8
1935 ........ 3.2 3.7 4.2 4.5 4.8 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.6
1936 .......... 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 2.8 3.0 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.0
1937 ........ 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.2 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.4
1938 ............ 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.0
1939 ............ 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.1
1940 ............ 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.9
1941 ............ 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.4 3.4
1942 ............ 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.3 5.0 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.4 4.7
1943 ............ 5.5 5.6 6.0 6.0 6.5 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.8 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.3
1944 ............ 7.1 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0

TABLE 26.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA PEANUT PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April May I June I July I Aug. I Sept.I Oct. I Nov. I Iec. I Avg.
1909 ............ 95 86 81 86 88
1910 ........... 86 108 104 124 95 83 79 63 68 72 79 79 87
1911 .......... 90 104 113 106 106 106 106 120 95 86 86 97 101
1912 .......... 90 106 113 108 113 124 120 122 106 104 104 99 109
1913 ......... 106 102 106 108 108 106 117 108 113 108 97 102 107
1914 ......... 104 99 99 99 108 108 104 97 97 95 102 102 101
1915 ......... 102 97 92 102 108 111 111 108 90 86 81 74 97
1916 ......... 83 86 86 92 95 99 92 92 81 86 77 86 88
1917 ......... 92 102 108 122 151 153 162 144 124 126 133 144 130
1918 ......... 133 147 151 162 162 176 180 167 124 124 106 106 145
1919 ......... 102 124 124 117 124 124 151 151 171 133 151 162 136
1920 ......... 180 203 217 217 217 217 237 199 124 144 106 97 180
1921 ............ 88 79 77 59 54 50 50 54 50 59 54 50 60
1922 ............ 54 68 68 74 72 68 79 79 79 68 86 86 73
1923 ......... 106 122 129 144 144 144 126 129 126 131 124 124 129
1924 ......... 135 135 138 147 135 135 147 142 135 113 102 97 130
1925 ............ 102 102 104 95 90 106 102 90 97 79 81 90 95








Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 26.-RELATIVES OF PEANUT PRICES (Concluded).
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I April May I Junel July I Aug. I Sept.I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1926 ...:....... 95 86 102 92 88 102 99 99 99 81 83 95 93
1927 ......... 102 131 124 124 117 106 104 102 79 77 81 79 102
1928 ......... 90 88 90 95 102 95 95 95 .81 90 90 92 92
1929 ........... 95 97 95 95 95 88 88 86 86 70 63 65 85
1930 ............ 68 72 72 70 70 70 72 72 72 68 68 63 70
1931 .......... 56 63 77 83 83 88 77 68 43 29 23 23 59
1932 .......... 23 32 34 32 32 23 25 23 34 29 25 25 28
1933 .......... 23 32 34 36 36 47 52 56 56 54 56 32 43
1934 ......... 56 59 61 43 65 59 63 68 65 65 61 65 61
1935 ........... 72 83 95 102 108 90 88 83 68 63 63 63 82
1936 ......... 63 68 68 65 70 63 68 77 72 68 68 72 68
1937 ........ 81 81 86 86 86 86 86 72 61 65 65 65 77
1938 ........... 68 68 70 68 68 68 68 65 65 68 65 68 67
1939 .......... 72 72 72 72 72 72 72 70 70 63 65 72 70
1940 ......... 70 72 74 74 68 63 63 61 65 63 63 59 66
1941 ............ 63 65 65 72 70 68 70 90 90 90 90 99 78
1942 ........... 99 99 102 102 104 99 97 113 108 113 122 122 107
1943 ............ 124 126 135 135 147 138 138 138 153 158 158 158 142
1944 ............ 160 156 158 158 158 158

TABLE 27.-WOOL: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Cents per pound)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Iec. I Avg.
1909 ............27 27 27 28 28
1910 .......... 28 30 27 24 22 22 22 21 21 22 22 2423.8
1911 ..........2 22 22 22 .22 19 19 19 18 20 20 18 18 19.9
1912 ............ 20 19 19 18 19 20 24 23 23 23 22 2321.1
1913 .......... 23 24 23 21 21 18181717 17 18 19 19.7
1914 ............ 19 18 18 18 19 1918 17 18 18 17 20 18.2
1915 ............20 20 19 18 17 21 25 25 20 20 19 1920.2
1916 18 18 23 28 34 35 30 32 29 2733 3328.3
1917 ............ 32 31 30 33 38 45 49 51 53 57 591 6144.9
1918 ............ 62 63 64 64 61 62 64 66 60 61 60 60 62.2
1919 ......... 58 56 55 52 51 52 52 54 54 53 55 5654.0
1920 .... 57 57 55 47 46 34 25 26 27 25 27 18 37.0
1921 ............ 20 20 20 18 18 18 18 16 14 13 18 18 17.6
1922 .........20 20 20 22 20 23 25 25 30 32 33 3325.2
1923 ..........34 35 34 35 35 35 31 32 32 34 35 37 34.1
1924 .........39 39 40 38 37 34 33 35 37 38 43 48 38.4
1925 ..........50 48 45 41 35 35 40 40 40 40 40 4041.2
1926 ........ 40 40 37 35 35 35 36 36 36 33 32 32 35.6
1927 ........ 332 31 30 29 28 30 30 30 30 30 31 30.2
1928 ............ 32 33 34 36 39 41 40 39 38 37 37 3736.9
1929...... 37 37 38 38 39 40 39 38 30 29 29 2935.2
1930 .........30 29 30 30 28 22 20 20 21 20 22 23 24.6
1931 ........ 21 20 20 19 17 15 15 14 15 16 16 15 16.9
1932 ......... 15 14 13 11 9 8 8 9 9 10 11 12 10.8
1933 ......... 13 13 12 11 17 22 23 25 27 24 25 25 19.8
1934 ........25 25 26 25 25 24 23 22 20 20 20 20 22.9
1935 ........ 20 20 22 2323 24 20 20 21 21 21 22 21.4
1936 ........ 22 22 22 22 22 23 25 27 27 27 28 3224.9
1937 .......32 32 33 32 32 35 34 36 35 33 33 33 33.3
1938 ....... 30 29 28 24 21 21 21 21 19 19 19 19 22.6
1939 ............ 1919 19 20 22 22 2223 26 28 262622.7
1940 ........ 2 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 27 28 29 26.5
1941 32 32 32 32 33 36 36 36 38 37 35 3534.5
1942 .......... 5 36 37 37 37 37 35 35 35 3535 5 35.8
1943 ....... 35 34 34 36 39 38 38 40 41 41 4237.8
1944 ............ 41 41 42 42 42







52 Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

TABLE 28.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA WOOL PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I April] May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1909 ............ 127 127 127 131 131
1910 ........... 131 141 127 113 103 103 103 98 98 103 103 113 111
1911 ............ 103 103 103 103 89 89 89 84 94 94 84 84 93
1912 ........ 94 89 89 84 89 94 113 108 108 108 103 108 99
1913 ............ 108 113 108 98 98 84 4 80 80 80 84 89 92
1914 ......... 8984 84 848 89 84 80 84 84 80 94 85
1915 ........ 94 9489 84 80 98 117 117 9494 89 89 95
1916 ......... 84 84 108 131 159 164 141 150 136 127 155 155 133
1917 ............ 150 145 141 155 178 211 230 239 249 267 277 286 211
1918 ............ 291 295 300 300 286 291 300 310 281 286 281 281 292
1919 ........... 272 263 258 244 239 244 244 253 253 249 258 263 253
1920 ............ 267 267 258 220 216 159 117 122 127 117 127 84 173
1921 .......... 94 94 94 84 84 84 84 75 66 61 84 84 82
1922 ........... 94 94 94 103 94 108 117 117 141 150 155 155 118
1923 ......... 159 164 159 164 164 164 145 150 150 159 164 174 160
1924 ......... 183 183 188 178 174 159 155 164 174 178 202 225 180
1925 ............ 235 225 211 192 164 164 188 188 188 188 188 188 193
1926 ............ 188 188 174 164 164 164 169 169 169 155 150 150 167
1927 ............ 51 150 145 141 136 131 141 141 141 141 141 145 142
1928 ............ 150 155 159 169 183 192 188 183 178 174 174 174 173
1929 ............ 174 174 178 178 183 188 183 178 141 136 136 136 165
1930 ............ 141 136 141 141 131 103 94 94 98 94 103 108 115
1931 ............ 98 94 94 89 80 7070 66 70 75 75 70 79
1932 .......... 70 66 61 52 42 38 38 4242 47 52 56 50
1933 ............ 61 61 56 52 80 103 108 117 127 113 117 117 93
1934......... 117 117 122 117 117 113 108 103 94 94 94 94 108
1935 ........... 94 94 103 108 108 113 94 94 98 98 98 103 100
1936 ............ 103 103 103 103 103 108 117 127 127 127 131 150 117
1937 ............ 150 150 155 150 150 164 159 169 164 155 155 155 156
1938 ............ 141 136 131 113 98 98 98 98 89 89 89 89 106
1939 ......... 89 89 89 94 103 103 103 108 122 131 122 122 106
1940 ............ 122 122 122 122 122 122 122 122 122 127 131 136 124
1941 ........... 150 150 150 150 155 169 169 169 178 173 164 164 162
1942 ............ 164 169 174 174 174 174 164 164 164 164 164 164 168
1943 .........164 164 159 159 169 183 178 178 188 192 192 197 177
1944 ............ 192 192 192 197 197197

TABLE 29.-HAY (LOOSE): PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS,
15TH OF EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per ton)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I April May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1908 16.36 17.08 17.47 17.25 16.90 16.65 16.00 15.38 15.58 15.45 14.9014.78 1615
1909 15.00 15.62 15.75 15.55 16.30 16.40 16.15 16.00 15.20 15.30 15.35 14.95 15.63
1910 15.50 16.05 16.85 17.85 18.00 17.5516.95 16.40 16.05 16.05 16.50 16.45 16.68
1911 15.70 16.40 16.65 16.75 17.25 17.45 17.75 17.65 16.60 16.20 17.70 18.75 17.07
1912 18.95 18.45 18.40 18.65 18.70 18.80 18.90 18.50 17.65 16.85 17.2017.30 18.20
1913 17.5017.9017.917 17.90 17.25 16.40 17.4017.5016.7517.2518.1017.5017.40
1914 17.15 17.90 17.80 17.15 17.65 18.25 18.60 18.85 17.90 16.55 16.60 16.95 17.61
1915 17.30 17.45 17.30 16.80 16.45 16.80 16.65 15.90 14.85 14.55 15.30 15.50 16.24
1916 16.2016.70 15.85 15.5015.90 15.7015.90 16.5516.55 16.1015.65 16.8016.12
1917 17.10 17.60 18.65 18.95 19.7020.15 19.60 18.8518.25 18.0518.2018.6018.64
1918 18.35 18.95 20.35 21.25 21.75 21.30 20.55 20.55 20.05 19.85 19.60 19.00 20.13
1919 19.55 20.10 20.30 21.75 25.65 26.30 26.0026.4523.9522.7523.1522.7523.22
1920 23.75 24.80 27.30 27.50 27.50 28.95 27.4527.00 25.1024.1022.00 19.3525.40
1921 19.55 19.55 18.85 19.90 21.60 19.45 18.3518.8518.8516.6016.7517.5018.82
1922 16.50 17.75 19.00 19.62 19.1218.3020.55 2110 19.85 20.1518.9019.50 19.20
1923 19.7020.30 19.9018.85 18.50 19.55 19.80 19.6020.1020.0020.0019.1019.62
1924 20.0021.00 22.00 21.50 21.50 22.0021.0019.5018.0017.8017.8017.5019.97







Florida Farm Prices 53

TABLE 29.-HAY PRICES- (Concluded).
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I April | May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. Dec. Avg.
1925 20.00 20.0020.00 22.00 20.00 20.00 25.00 20.00122.00 20.00 20.00 21.00 20.83
1926 19.30 21.00 20.80 20.00 21.50 22.40 20.00 22.10 25.00 20.00 20.00 22.50 21.22
1927 22.80121.50 20.00 20.00 20.00 22. 2.00 20.00 19.10 18.50 20.00 20.00 20.49
1928 20.40118.00 20.00 20.00 21.00 20.00 19.60 19.80 19.50 19.50 19.30 19.10 19.68
1929 19.00.18.00 19.00 20.00 20.80 20.00 20.00 19.30 19.40 19.40 18.50 17.50 19.24
1930 16.50 15.50 16.50 17.50 16.50 17.20 18.00 17.00 16.70 16.70 17.50 16.50 16.84
1931 17.50 16.50 17.50 18.50 17.50 17.50 15.50 15.50 14.70 13.00 11.30 9.80 15.40
1932 11.40 11.80 11.50 11.50 11.00 10.0011.00 10.00 9.50 9.50 8.50 7.50 10.27
1933 8.50 9.00 9.60 8.80 8.90 10.00 10.00 11.00 10.00 9.50 10.40 10.30 9.67
1934 9.90 10.60 11.50 12.50 13.00 12.80 12.90 13.10 13.80 13.50 13.80 13.70 12.59
1935 13.60 12.30 12.30 12.50 12.80 12.0012. 2.00 13.0010.40 10.50 10.80 10.80 11.92
1936 10.50 10.50 11.00 12.00 12.50 12.30 12.60 11.60 11.20 10.50 10.80 11.70 11.43
1937 12.00 12.50 12.00 12.40 13.00 13.00 13.00 12.00 11.00 10.00 10.10 10.30 11.78
1938 10.20 10.20 10.10 11.00 12.00 12.00 13.00 11.00 11.00 11.50 10.50 10.80 11.11
1939 10.90 10.80 11.50 11.20 10.60 11.50 12.10 11.50 10.50 10.80 9.60 10.30 10.94
1940 10.70 12.10 11.40 12.50 12.70 12.00 12.00 12.30 12.10 9.00 9.50 8.60 11.24
1941 9.60 10.50 10.60 11.50 12.00 11.70 12.40 12.60 13.00 13.50 12.00 12.00 11.78
1942 12.70 13.00 13.60 13.60 13.10 13.40 13.50 13.50 13.50 13.50 13.50 13.50 13.37
1943 13.00 13.30 14.60 15.00 16.00 16.00 14.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 16.00 16.50 14.95
1944 17.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 19.50 ___
TABLE 30.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA HAY PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)


Year I Jan. I Feb. | Mar. |


June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I lec. I Avg.


1908 ......... 95 99 101 100 98 97 93 89 90 90 87 86 94
1909 ......... 87 91 91 90 95 95 94 93 88 89 89 87 91
1910 ........ 90 93 98 104 105 102 98 95 93 93 96 96 97
1911 ........... 91 95 97 97 100 101 103 102 96 94 103 109 99
1912 ........ 110 107 107 108 109 109 110 107 102 98 100 100 106
1913 ............ 102 104 100 104 100 95 101 102 97 100 105 102 101
1914 ........ 100 104 103 100 102 106 108 109 104 96 96 98 102
1915 ........ 100 101 100 98 96 98 97 92 86 84 89 90 94
1916......... 94 97 92 90 92 91 92 96 96 93 91 98 94
1917 ......... 99 102 108 110 114 117 114 109 106 105 106 108 108
1918 ............ 107 110 118 123 126 124 119 119 116 115 114 110 117
1919 ........ 114 117 118 126 149 153 151 154 139 132 134 132 135
1920 ........ 138 144 159 160 160 168 159 157 146 140 128 112 148
1921 .......... 114 114 109 116 125 113 107 109 109 96 97 102 109
1922 ....... 96 103 110 114 111 106 119 123 115 117 110 113 111
1923 ......... 114 118 116 109 107 114 115 114 117 116 116 111 114
1924 ............ 116 122 128 125 125 128 122 113 105 103 103 102 116
1925 ........... 116 116 116 128 116 116 145 116 128 116 116 122 121
1926 .......... 112 122 121 116 125 130 116 128 145 116 116 131 123
1927 ............ 132 125 116 116 116 128 128 116 111 107 116 116 119
1928 ........ 118 105 116 116 122 116 114 115 113 113 112 111 114
1929 ........ 110 105 110 116 121 116 116 112 113 113 107 102 112
1930 ........96 90 96 102 96 100 105 99 97 97 102 96 98
1931 ........... 102 96 102 107 102 102 90 90 85 75 66 57 90
1932 ......... 66 69 67 67 645864 58 55 55 49 44 60
1933 ......... 49 52 56 51 52 58 58 64 58 55 60 60 56
1934 ............ 57 62 67 73 75 74 75 76 80 78 80 80 73
1935 ............ 79 71 71 73 74 70 70 75 60 61 63 63 69
1936 ............ 61 61 64 70 73 71 73 67 65 61 63 68 66
1937 ........ 70 737072 75 75 75 70 6458 59 60 68
1938 .......... 59 9 59 6470 70 75 64 6467 61 63 65
1939 ............ 63 63 67 65 62 67 70 67 61 63 56 60 64
1940 ............ 62 70 66 73 74 70 70 71 70 52 55 50 65
1941 ............ 56 61 62 67 70 68 72 73 75 78 70 70 68
1942......... 74 75 79 79 76 78 78 78 78 78 78 77
1943 ........... 75 77 85 87 93 9381 8787 8793 96 87
1944 ........ 99 99 105 110 116 113


April May I









Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 31.-COWPEAS: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS,
15TH OF EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per bushel)


Year

1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


TABLE 32.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA COWPEAS PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914= 100)

Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May [ June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I IYec. I Avg.

1909 ......... 94 96 91 89 89
1910 .......... 94 99 99 96 94 94 96 89 91 96 81 86 93
1911 ............ 104 106 99 117 1 1014 96 91 91 89 91 96 99
1912 ........ 111 106 104 117 101 104 91 89 94 89 86 96 99
1913 ............ 117 111 106 122 111 109 96 91 96 94 99 101 104
1914 .......... 119 117 109 124 111 114 101 96 96 94 101 104 107
1915 ......... 124 126 121 137 124 127 111 114 114 109 119 97 119
1916 ............ 122 109 106 104 96 91 96 106 100 106 106 99 103
1917 ............ 114 124 122 152 152 187 177 149 147 149 142 157 148
1918 ........... 132 132 165 175 172 177 152 137 142 127 152 127 149
1919 ............ 172 139 152 142 157 193 198 167 147 152 152 152 160
1920 ............ 172 182 208 223 263 258 258 258 208 152 139 117 203
1921 ............ 114 122 132 127 144 172 165 157 139 139 122 1111 137


............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............


............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
.......... -
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
------------


I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I IYec. Avg.

1.85 1.90 1.80 1.75 1.75
1.85 1.95 1.95 1.90 1.85 1.85 1.90 1.75 1.80 1.90 1.60 1.70 1.83
2.05 2.10 1.95 2.30 2.10 2.05 1.90 1.80 1.80 1.75 1.80 1.90 1.96
2.20 2.10 2.05 2.30 2.00 2.05 1.80 1.75 1.85 1.75 1.70 1.90 1.95
2.30 2.20 2.10 2.40 2.20 2.15 1.90 1.80 1.90 1.85 1.95 2.00 2.06
2.35 2.30 2.15 2.45 2.20 2.25 2.00 1.90 1.90 1.85 2.00 2.05 2.12
2.45 2.48 2.39 2.70 2.45 2.50 2.20 2.25 2.25 2.15 2.35 1.91 2.34
2.41 2.15 2.10 2.05 1.90 1.80 1.90 2.10 1.98 2.10 2.10 1.95 2.04
2.25 2.45 2.40 3.00 3.00 3.70 3.50 2.95 2.90 2.95 2.80 3.10 2.92
2.60 2.60 3.25 3.45 3.40 3.50 3.00 2.70 2.80 2.50 3.00 2.50 2.94
3.40 2.75 3.00 2.80 3.10 3.80 3.90 3.30 2.90 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.16
3.40 3.60 4.10 4.40 5.20 5.10 5.10 5.10,4.10 3.00 2.75 2.30 4.01
2.25 2.40 2.60 2.50 2.85 3.40 3.25 3.10 2.75 2.75 2.40 2.20 2.70
2.10 2.40 2.50 2.40 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.75 2.50 2.30 2.00 2.43
2.30 2.10 2.89 2.73 2.66 2.81 2.97 2.40 2.36 2.63 2.20 2.50 2.55
2.50 3.00 3.00 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.00 2:90 2.80 2.50 2.25 2.50 2.76
3.00 3.20 3.50 3.80 3.20 3.50 3.90 3.80 4.00 3.90 3.40 3.20 3.53
2.88 3.00 3.25 3.50 3.70 4.20 4.70 3.50 3.00 2.60 2.40 2.30 3.25
2.30 2.30 2.30 2.70 2.70 2.55 2.7 0 2.70.40 2.35 2.30 2.40 2.48
2.60 2.55 2.30 2.50 2.50 2.50 2.75 2.80 3.00 2.90 2.50 2.90 2.65
2.85 3.00 3.50 4.00 3.75 3.65 3.55 3.75 3.05 2.90 3.10 2.80 3.32
3.00 2.90 2.70 2.95 3.20 3.25 3.50 2.95 3.10 2.95 2.85 2.65 3.00
2.85 2.80 2.55 2.65 2.50 2.65 2.40 2.65 2.20 2.10 1.50 1.50 2.36
1.75 1.55 1.35 1.00 1.20 1.10 1.00 1.25 1.25 1.15 1.00 1.00 1.22
1.10 .85 .90 .95 1.10 1.20 1.35 1.60 1.70 1.25 1.25 1.25 1.21
1.50 1.55 1.80 2.00 2.00 1.75 2.00 1.95 1.50 1.40 1.40 1.55 1.70
1.70 1.70 2.00 2.00 1.70 1.70 1.65 1.75 1.75 1.50 1.45 1.40 1.69
1.50 1.50 1.65 1.90 2.00 2.00 1.90 2.15 1.75 1.80 1.75 1.75 1.80
2.00 2.20 2.20 2.50 2.20 2.20 2.15 2.15 2.00 1.80 1.60 1.50 2.04
1.70 1.80 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.20 2.30 1.90 1.65 1.65 1.35 1.40 1.83
1.50 1.55 1.60 1.65 1.60 1.60 1.60 1.50 1.55 1.55 1.55 1.55 1.57
1.55 1.60 1.70 1.75 1.75 1.65 1.70 1.45 1.45 1.45 1.50 1.40 1.58
1.55 1.60 1.65 1.70 1.85 1.85 1.80 1.65 1.60 1.75 1.70 1.85 1.71
2.05 2.05 2.20 2.30 2.50 2.60 2.65 2.65 2.60 2.00 2.00 2.202.32
2.20 2.45 2.70 3.00 3.00 3.20 3.10 3.25 3.25 3.20 3.25 3.25 2.99
3.50 3.85 4.002 4.20 4.60








Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 32.-RELATIVES OF COWPEA PRICES- (Concluded).
Year I Jan. I Feb. Mar. April May | Junel July I Aug. Sept. IOct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1922 ........... 106 122 127 122 122 127 132 137 139 127 117 101 123
1923............ 117 106 146 138 135 142 150 122 120 133 111 127 129
1924 ............ 127 152 152 142 147 152 152 147 142 127 114 127 140
1925............ 152 162 177 193 162 177 198 193 203 198 172 162 179
1926 .......... 146 152 165 177 187 213 238 177 152 132 122 117 165
1927 .......... 117 117 117 137 137 129 137 137 122 119 117 122 126
1928 ........ 132 129 117 127 127 127 139 142 152 147 127 147 134
1929 ............ 144 152 177 203 190 185 180 190 155 147 157 142 168
1930 ............ 152 147 137 149 162 165 177 149 157 149 144 134 152
1931 ........... 144 142 129 134 127 134 122 134 111 106 76 76 120
1932 ........ 89 79 68 51 61 56 51 63 63 58 51 51 62
1933 ............56 43 46 48 56 61 68 81 86 63 63 63 61
1934 ....... 76 79 91 101 101 89 101 99 76 71 71 79 86
1935 --.. 86 86 101101 86 86 84 89 89 76 73 71 86
1936 ............ 76 76 84 96 101 101 96 109 89 91 89 89 91
1937 ......... 101 111 111 127 111 111 109 109 101 91 81 76 103
1938 ............ 86 91 91 101 111 111 117 96 84 84 68 71 93
1939 .......... 76 79 81 84 81 81 81 76 79 79 79 79 80
1940 ............ 79 81 86 89 89 84 86 73 73 73 76 71 80
1941 ........... 79 81 84 86 94 94 91 84 81 89 86 94 87
1942 ........... 104 104 111 117 127 132 134 134 132 101 101 11 117
1943 ............ 111 124 137 152 152 162 157 165 165 162 165 165 151
1944............ 177 195 203 213 213 2331


TABLE 33.-ToBAcco: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA PRODUCERS.
(Average for season in cents per pound)
Type Type Type
Crop Year 14 45 62
______(Flue Cured) (Cigar Filler) (Shade Grown)

1919 .......................... 20.7 65.0
1920 .... ................. 19.1 60.0
1921 ............................ 9.9 60.0
1922 ............................ 12.0 50.5
1923 ............................ 22.0 21.0 58.0
1924 ............................ 19.5 20.1 60.0
1925 ............................ 15.1 20.0 65.0
1926 ............................ 22.7 20.0 65.0
1927 ............................ 19.0 20.0 65.0
1928 ............................ 12.3 20.0 55.0
1929 ............................ 18.1 20.0 55.0
1930 ........ ................ 10.4 20.0 60.0
1931 ............................ 6.6 15.0 30.0
1932 .. ............. 11.0 10.0 35.0
1933 ............................ 12.0 11.0 32.0
1934 ............................ 20.0 12.0 60.0
1935 ....................... 17.7 13.5 65.0
1936 ............................ 22.0 13.5 69.0
1937 ............................ 21.1 13.6 69.0
1938 ............................ 20.3 13.7 72.0
1939 ............................ 12.3 15.5 73.0
1940 .... ........ .....- 17.5 15.4* 70.0
1941 ........................... 21.3 14.8* 65.0
1942 ............................ 32.3 17.4* 83.9
1943 ............................ 40.8 22.0* 120.0
Type number changed to 56.







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 34.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA TOBACCO PRICES.
(1924-1929 = 100)

S Type Type Type
Crop Year 14 45 62
(Flue Cured) (Cigar Filler) (Shade Grown)

1919 ...................:....... 103 107
1920 ............................ 95 99
1921 ............................ 49 99
1922 .......-----............... 60 83
1923 ........................... | 124 105 95
1924 ........................... 110 100 99
1925 .......................... 85 100 107
1926 ............................ 128 100 107
1927 .......................... 107 100 107
1928 ........................... 69 100 90
1929 .......................... 102 100 90
1930 .........:.................. 58 100 99
1931 ............................ 37 75 49
1932 .................... ...... 62 50 58
1933 ............................ 67 55 53
1934 .............:.............. 112 60 99
1935 .......................... 100 67 107
1936 ........................ 124 67 113
1937 ............................ 119 68 113
1938 ............................ 114 68 118
1939 ............................ 69 77 120
1940 .......................... 98 77* 115
1941 ........ ... .............. 120 74* 107
1942 .......................... 182 87* 138
1943 ............................ 229 110* 197
Type number changed to 56.

TABLE 35.-MILK (WHOLESALE): PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA PRODUC-
ERS, 15TH OF EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per 100 Pounds)

Year I Jan. I Feb. Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.

1909 ........... 3.10 3.15 3.20 3.35 3.35
1910 ............ 3.45 3.45 3.45 3.35 3.15 2.90 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.40 3.45 3.45 3.27
1911 ............ 3.50 3.50 3.50 3.35 3.15 2.90 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.45 3.45 3.50 3.29
1912 ............ 3.50 3.50 3.50 3.35 3.15 2.90 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.40 3.45 3.50 3.28
1913 ............ 3.50 3.50 3.50 3.35 3.25 3.05 3.05 3.20 3.30 3.45 3.50 3.50 3.35
1914 ............ 3.50 3.50 3.45 3.35 3.25 3.05 3.05 3.20 3.30 3.45 3.50 3.50 3.34
1915 ........... 3.55 3.55 3.50 3.40 3.30 3.10 3.10 3.25 3.40 3.50 3.55 3.55 3.40
1916 .......... 3.55 3.55 3.50 3.40 3.25 3.10 3.10 3.25 3.40 3.50 3.70 3.75 3.42
1917 ......... 3.80 3.80 3.80 3.70 3.65 3.70 3.85 4.00 4.25 4.45 4.65 4.80 4.04
1918 ............ 5.00 5.00 4.90 4.90 4.80 4.35 4.40 4.55 4.75 5.10 5.40 5.55 4.89
1919 ............ 5.60 5.60 5.55 5.50 5.35 5.25 5.25 5.50 5.75 6.00 6.25 6.35 5.66
1920 ............ 6.40 6.35 6.05 5.80 5.60 5.65 5.75 5.85 5.85 6.05 6.25 6.15 5.98
1921 ............ 6.10 5.90 5.50 5.25 4.95 4.95 4.90 4.95 5.05 5.15 5.20 5.20 5.26
1922 ............ 5.20 5.10 4.90 4.50 4.25 4.15 4.15 4.25 4.50 4.70 4.80 4.90 4.62
1923 ........ 4.90 4.80 4.75 4.45 4.30 4.30 4.30 4.35 4.45 4.70 4.95 5.05 4.61
1924 ........... 5.20 5.15 5.00 4.75 4.60 4.60 4.60 4.65 4.75 4.90 5.00 5.05 4.85
1925 ............ 5.05 4.90 4.90 4.70 4.60 4.60 4.65 4.90 5.30 5.55 5.80 5.85 5.07
1926 ............ 5.90 5.85 5.85 5.65 5.40 5.30 5.30 5.40 5.40 5.45 5.701 5.65 5.57
1927 .......... 5.40 5.25 5.00 4.75 4.55 4.301 4.25 4.30 4.45 4.60 4.70 4.85 4.70
1928 ............ 4.95 4.90 4.75 4.55 4.50 4.351 4.35 4.40 4.50 4.65 4.75 4.751 4.62







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 35.-WHOLESALE MILK PRICES- (Concluded).
I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April May I Junel July I Aug. Sept.I Oct. I Nov. Dec. I Avg.


4.25 4.30
4.15 4.20
3.00 3.10
2.40 2.35
2.10 2.20
2.55 2.60
2.80 2.90
2.85 3.00
3.10 3.15
2.95 3.15
2.90 3.00
3.00 3.05
3.10 3.20
3.90 4.00
4.55 4.70


Year
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


4.90 4.51
4.15 4.34
3.15 3.49
2.55 2.67
2.85 2.36
3.15 2.79
3.35 3.07
3.35 3.07
3.25 3.28
3.35 3.20
3.30 3.13
3.30 3.16
3.70 3.30
4.40 3.95
4.80 4.60


TABLE 36.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA WHOLESALE MILK PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)


Feb. I Mar.


105 105
106 106
106 106
106 106
106 105
108 106
108 106
115 115
152 149
170 169
193 184
179 167
155 149
146 144
156 152
149 149
178 178
159 152
149 144
143 141
146 144
134 128
97 94
71 70
90 88
102 99
97 94
1091 103
103 102
100 99
100 99
102 99
115 115
135 137
144 146


I April May I June | July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I

94 96 97 102
102 96 88 88 93 97 103 105
102 96 88 88 93 97 105 105
102 96 88 88 93 97 103 105
102 99 93 93 97 100 105 106
102 99 93 93 97 100 105 106
103 100 94 94 99 103 106 108
103 99 94 94 99 103 106 112
112 111 112 117 122 129 135 141
149 146 132 134 138 144 155 164
167 163 159 159 167 175 182 190
176 170 172 175 178 178 184 190
159 150 150 149 150 153 156 158
137 129 126 126 129 137 143 146
135 131 131 131 132 135 143 150
144 140 140 140 141 144 149 152
143 140 140 141 149 161 169 176
172 164 161 161 164 164 166 173
144 138 131 129 131 135 140 143
138 137 132 132 134 137 141 144
134 128 128 129 131 132 140 147
131 123 125 126 128 129 129 128
102 100 96 91 94 99 100 99
85 77 74 73 71 73 76 79
67 64 62 64 67 71 79 85
84 76 74 77 79 85 88 93
90 87 84 85 88 91 94 97
90 87 85 87 91 91 96 100
102 97 91 94 96 97 99 99
99 96 88 90 96 96 97 99
94 90 88 88 91 94 97 100
94 91 91 91 93 96 97 99
96 94 94 94 97 99 103 112
112 112 114 118 122 125 126 131
137 137 137 138 143 144 144 146
146 146 146


Dec. I Avg.

102
105 99
106 100
106 100
106 102
106 102
108 103
114 104
146 122
169 149
193 172
187 182
158 160
149 140
153 140
153 147
178 154
172 169
147 143
144 140
149 137
126 132
96 106
77 81
87 72
96 85
1021 93
102 93
99 100
102 97
100 95
100 96
112 100
134 120
146 140
1


4.351 4.60
4.25 4.25
3.25 3.30
2.40 2.50
2.35 2.60
2.80 2.90
3.00 3.10
3.00 3.15
3.20 3.25
3.15 3.20
3.10 3.20
3.15 3.20
3.25 3.40
4.10 4.15
4.75 4.75


Jan. I


Year

1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1326
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


-- -- -
............



.. ...
-- -








..........
.. ..... ...

.........
.... ...
.... ...
...

..........


.... ....
..........



----------








Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 37.-MILK (RETAIL): PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA PRODUCERS,
15TH OF EACH MONTH.
(Cents per quart)


Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sent. I Oct. I Nov. I IYec. I Avg.


1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


TABLE 38.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA RETAIL MILK PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. | Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1909 .........90 92 99 107 107
1910 ............ 107 105 99 95 94 92 92 92 95 99 107 107 99
1911 .......... 107 105 103 101 99 95 94 94 94 103 107 107 101
1912 ............ 107 105 103 101 99 95 95 97 101 105 107 .107 102
1913 ............ 109 105 105 100 95 94 94 97 99 100 105 103 100
1914 ............ 103 101 99 97 95 95 95 97 99 101 103 103 99
1915 ............ 103 97 97 95 95 95 95 95 95 97 97 100 97
1916 ............ 100 97 97 95 95 95 97 97 97 100 100 103 98
1917 ........... 105 113 110 110 113 115 116 116 116 120 122 126 115
1918 ............ 129 134 135 129 1261 132 132 138 141 143 143 145 136
1919 ............ 145 145 160 157 1551 155 151 155 155 157 157 172 155
1920 .......... 172 172 176 177 177 179 181 179 167 162 179 176 175
1921 ............ 174 172 172 170 167 153 151 153 153 155 156 156 161
1922 ............ 155 143 143 137 135 138 143 143 148 151 153 153 145
1923 ........... 153 157 155 153 153 151 145 143 143 143 148 158 150
1924 ............ 174 166 160 153 151 147 149 153 15 155 166 166 158


Year





............
............
............
............
............
............
............
-..--..---..-
............
............
............
............
........... -
---------..--
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
..-..---.----
............
............
............
............
............
............
............


11.2
11.2 10.3
11.2 10.6
11.2 10.7
10.8 10.5
10.8 10.4
10.5 10.2
10.8 10.3
13.2 12.1
15.2 14.2
18.0 16.3
18.4 18.3
16.4 16.9
16.0 15.2
16.6 15.7
17.4 16.5
18.7 17.1
19.0 18.3
18.2 18.0
17.4 17.4
16.9 16.8
16.3 16.6
15.0 15.1
12.8 13.3
13.5 12.5
14.0 13.6
14.1 14.2
15.0 14.4
14.6 14.5
14.5 14.5
14.5 14.4
14.5 14.4
15.0 14.7
16.71 15.7
17.2 17.0







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 38.-RELATIVES OF RETAIL MILK PRICES-- (Concluded).
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. |Aprill May I Junel July ] Aug. I Sept. Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1925 ......... 163 156 155 153 153 155 160 160 168 175 177 1781 163
1926 ............. 176 172 168 167 170 170 170 178 1791 179 181 181 .174
1927 ........... 181 180 175 173 172 170 166 164 164 171 172 174 172
1928 ............ 177 172 167 164 164 164 162 160 163 165 165 166 166
1929 ........... 166 166 164 164 164 159 157 154 157 157 158 161 161
1930 ............ 162 158 158 157 157 156 156 154 163 162 160 156 158
1931 ............ 152 152 152 150 147 141 141 137 137 134 143 143 144
1932 ............ 143 143 143 141 124 116 116 115 115 122 122 122 127
1933 ............ 118 115 110 111 111 115 115 119 128 129 129 129 119
1934 ............ 132 129 129 129 129 127 128 128 133 134 134 134 130
1935 ........... 136 137 13137 37 137 136 135 134 134 134 134 135 136
1936 ............ 136 136 136 136 136 131 135 138 138 140 140 143 137
1937 ............ 139 139 139 139 139 132 134 139 139 139 139 139 138
1938 ............ 139 139 139 139 139 139 136 136 136 137 137 138 138
1939 ........... 138 137 137 137 137 135 135 136 136 136 137 138 137
1940 ........ 139 139 139 138 138 135 135 136 137 138 138 138 138
1941 ............ 138 138 37136 137 138 142 142 143 143 143 143 140
1942 ............ 145 145 145 146 146 148 148 153 153 156 157 159 150
1943 ........... 159 160 162 162 156 159 162 162 165 164 167 1641 162
1944 ............ 166 163 163 164 164 161 _
TABLE 39.-BUTTER: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA PRODUCERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Cents per pound)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April May I June iJuly IAug. | Sept. Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1909 ............ 32 31 31 31 30 30 30 30 31 32 32
1910 ............ 32 31 32 32 31 30 29 29 29 28 29 32 30.3
1911 ..........31 30 29 30 30 30 31 32 31 30 32 34 30.8
1912 ..... 34 34 34 34 34 34 33 32 34 34 34 34 33.8
1913 ............35 33 34 35 34 34 34 33 33 34 34 36 34.1
1914 ........... 36 34 34 33 33 32 32 33 33 34 34 3533.6
1915 ......... 36 35 34 34 34 33 32 32 32 34 34 34 33.7
1916 ............ 34 35 35 34 34 34 35 36 36 36 38 40 35.6
1917 ......... 40 40 42 44 44 42 41 42 42 45 46 46 42.8
1918 ........... 46 46 48 46 43 44 45 46 51 54 52 51 47.7
1919 .......... 53 54 50 53 57 55 53 54 55 56 60 61 55.1
1920 ......... 64 65 62 62 62 64 64 63 65 65 64 60 63.3
1921 .......... 58 56 54 52 48 44 44 44 43 44 46 46 48.2
1922 .......... 46 46 44 42 40 40 40 38 40 44 46 47 42.8
1923 ........ 49 52 49 43 44 46 44 44 47 48 48 50 47.0
1924 ........... 53 51 53 50 49 45 42 48 45 43 49 53 48.4
1925 ............ 45 44 48 48 48 45 46 46 46 49 54 50 47.4
1926 .......... 46 50 46 47 45 48 47 45 44 46 45 4746.3
1927 ...... 48 50 50 48 48 46 45 46 4748 49 4947.8
1928 ......... 48 48 47 47 47 46 48 49 49 50 48 48 47.9
1929 ........... 48 49 49 46 48 46 48 48 48 48 49 4747.8
1930 .......... 47 43 43 45 44 42 41 41 43 45 45 43143.5
1931 ......... 40 40 38 39 35 35 33 32 32 35 36 36135.9
1932 .......... 35 32 32 30 28 25 24 25 26 25 26 25 27.8
1933........... 25 24 23 25 24 24 25 25 25 25 25 25124.6
1934 .......... 25 25 26 26 25 25 27 27 28 28 28 28 26.5
1935 ......... 28 32 32 32 30 29 28 29 29 30 32 32 30.2
1936 ......... 33 31 31 30 30 29 30 33 32 32 33 34 31.5
1937 ........ 31 31 31 31 32 29 29 31 31 33 33 34 31.3
1938 .......... 34 29 30 30 30 29 30 29 30 30 30 3030.1
1939 |-........ 30 28 28 28 28 28 27 28 28 30 30 29 28.5
19-T .1_,. -29 -29 "29 29 29 28 28 29 22929 29 -32 29.1
1941 ..... 31 30 33 30 30 3032 2 33 33 34 3531.7
1942 35 35 35 35 35 35 36 37 38 40 41 4337.1
1943 .......... 45 48 48 49 49 4848 49 49 49 050 48.5
1944 ........... 48 48 48 48 48 47 I







60 Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

TABLE 40.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA BUTTER PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1909 .......... 99 96 96 96 93 93 93 93 96 99 99
1910 .......... 99 96 99 99 96 93 90 90 90 87 90 99 94
1911 ............ 96 93 90 93 93 93 96 99 96 93 99 105 96
1912 .......... 105 105 105 105 105 105 102 99 105 105 105 105 104
1913 ........... 108 102 105 108 105 105 105 102 102 105 105 112 105
1914 ......... 112 105 105 102 102 99 99 102 102 105 105 108 104
1915 ............ 112 108 105 105 105 102 99 99 99 105 105 105 104
1916 ........... 105 108 108 105 105 105 108 112 112 112 118 124 110
1917 ........... 124 124 130 136 136 130 127 130 130 139 143 143 133
1918 ............ 143 143 149 143 133 136 139 143 158 167 161 158 148
1919 ............ 164 167 155 164 177 170 164 167 170 173 186 189 170
1920 ........... 198 201 192 192 192 198 198 195 201 201 198 186 196
1921 ........... 180 173 167 161 149 136 136 136 133 136 143 143 149
1922 .......... 143 143 136 130 124 124 124 118 124 136 143 146 133
1923 ............ 152 161 152 133 136 143 136 136 146 149 149 155 146
1924 ......... 164 158 164 155 152 139 130 149 139 133 152 164 150
1925 ........... 139 136 149 149 149 139 143 143 143 152 167 155 147
1926 .......... 143 155 143 146 139 149 146 139 136 143 139 146 144
1927 ....... .. 149 155 155 149 149 143 139 143 146 149 152 152 148
1928 ........... 149 149 146 146 146 143 149 152 152 155 149 149 149
1929 ............ 149 152 152 143 149 143 149 149 149 149 152 146 148
1930 ............ 146 133 133 139 136 130 127 127 133 139 139 133 135
1931 ........... 124 124 118 121 108 108 102 99 99 108 112 112 111
1932 ........... 108 99 99 93 87 77 74 77 81 77 81 77 86
1933 ........... 77 74 71 77 74 74 77 77 77 7777 77 76
1934 ............ 77 77 81 81 77 77 84 84 87 87 87 87 82
1935 ............ 87 99 99 99 93 90 87 90 90 93 99 99 94
1936 ......... 102 96 96 93 93 90 93 102 99 99 102 105 98
1937 ...........969696 96 99 90 90 96 96 102 102 105 97
1938 ............ 105 90 93 93 93 90 93 90 93 93 93 93 93
1939 ............ 93 8787 87 8 87 84 87 87 93 93 90 88
1940 ............ 90 90 90 90 90 87 87 90 90 90 90 99 90
1941 ............ 96 93 93 93 93 93 99 99 102 102 105 108 98
1942 ............ 108 108 108 108 108 108 112 115 118 124 127 133 115
1943 ............ 139 149 149 152 152 149 149 152 152 152 155 155 150
1944 ...........1 149 149 149 149 149 146 _

TABLE 41.-CHICKENS: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Cents per pound)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. Oct. I Nov. I Iec. I Avg.
1909 ............ 13.0 13.5 13.0 12.0 12.0 14.0 14.0 13.0 14.0 14.0 13.7
1910 .......... 12.8 13.0 13.8 14.0 14.2 13.4 12.7 12.6 13.3 13.8 14.4 14.0 13.5
1911 ............ 12.8 12.4 12.6 12.8 12.3 13.0 14.0 14.2 13.9 14.2 15.1 14.8 13.5
1912 ............ 14.8 14.2 13.9 14.4 14.4 15.1 15.4 15.3 15.6 15.3 14.8 15.2 14.9
1913 .......... 15.2 14.7 14.7 15.3 15.7 15.4 15.9 17.0 17.0 16.7 16.2 17.0 15.9
1914 ............ 17.0 16.6 16.1 17.0 15.9 16.8 18.0 17.1 16.2 16.5 16.9 17.5 16.8
1915 ........... 17.1 15.9 15.7 15.4 16.0 17.0 15.9 16.1 16.6 16.6 15.6 16.1 16.2
1916 ......... 15.5 16.2 17.0 17.1 14.6 14.9 16.0 14.5 16.0 16.3 16.5 17.1 16.0
1917 ........... 16.2 17.0 17.1 19.0 19.3 19.5 18.4 18.3 19.7 19.8 21.5 21.4 18.9
1918 ............ 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.7 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 25.2 26.6 26.7 27.5 24.0
1919 ............ 26.0 25.0 26.0 26.0 25.0 29.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 29.0 31.0 32.0 27.8
1920 .......... 31.2 30.3 29.0 30.5 31.0 33.0 31.1 31.5 31.0 32.0 35.0 31.0 31.4
1921 .......... 28.0 27.0 26.0 27.0 26.0 26.0 25.0 24.0 26.0 26.0 27.0 26.0 26.2
1922 .......... 25.0 24.0 23.0 23.0 24.0 25.0 25.0 24.0 23.0 24.0 25.0 25.0 24.2
1923 ........ 24.3 25.0 25.6 24.5 26.0 27.8 25.0 29.0 24.0 26.0 25.5 24.0 25.6
1924 ........... 27.0 24.0 25.2 26.0 26.0 24.0 25.0 25.0 25.2 25.0 29.7 27.1 25.8
1925 ........... 23.5 24.6 26.0 24.9 30.2 29.6 30.4 23.7 25.8 27.1 28.7 28.1 26.9








Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 41.-CHICKEN PRICES- (Concluded).
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April May I Junel July I Aug. Sept.i Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.


1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


30.91 28.2


~___ _I


TABLE 42.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA CHICKEN PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)

Year IJan. I Feb. ] Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept.I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1909 ............ 89 92 89 82 82 95 95 89 95 95 93
1910 ......... 87 89 94 95 97 91 87 86 91 94 98 95 92
1911 ............ 87 85 86 87 84 89 95 97 95 97 103 101 92
1912 ......... 101 97 95 98 98 103 105 104 106 104 101 104 101
1913 ............ 104 100 100 104 107 105 108 116 116 114 111 116 108
1914 ............ 116 113 110 116 108 115 123 117 111 113 115 119 115
1915 ............ 117 108 107 105 109 116 108 110 113 113 106 110 110
1916 ........ 106 111 116 117 100 102 109 99 109 111 113 117 109
1917 ......... 111 116 117 130 132 133 126 125 134 135 147 146 129
1918 ......... 147 147 147 148 164 164 164 164 172 181 182 188 164
1919 ........... 177 171 177 177 171 198 191 191 191 198 211 218 189
1920 ........213 207 198 208 211 225 212 215 211 218 239 211 214
1921 ......... 191 184 177 184 177 177 171 164 177 177 184 177 178
1922 ......... 171 164 157 157 164 171 171 164 157 164 171 171 165
1923 ............ 166 171 175 167 177 190 171 198 164 177 174 164 174
1924 ........... 184 164 172 177 177 164 171 171 172 171 203 185 176
1925 ........... 160 168 177 170 206 202 207 162 176 185 196 192 183
1926 ........200 211 192 207 233 205 231 194 210 188 194 192 205
1927 ............ 169 190 182 191 194 186 184 189 179 183 186 177 184
1928 ............ 177 164 169 173 180 186 173 161 174 186 169 179 174
1929 .......... 177 173 186 190 181 188 182 168 180 181 180 179 180
1930 -........ 181 175 167 176 171 171 160 156 155 162 153 153 165
1931 ........ 149 143 141 149 151 147 138 131 130 131 135 128 139
1932 ............ 121 115 121 117 117 113 103 102 102 103 103 102 110
1933 ........ 95 93 92 92 93 93 91 89 90 92 92 95 92
1934 .......... 90 89 95 100 106 107 109 105 111 109 109 109 103
1935 ............ 109 111 113 125 125 119 118 115 116 127 126 134 120
1936 ............ 130 126 126 130 128 126 126 126 126 125 125 125 127
1937 .......... 117 117 119 119 123 123 121 125 126 130 130 123 123
1938 ........... 130 125 126 131 130 127 130 126 125 126 120 122 126
1939 ............ 125 122 125 132 129 124 125 117 123 124 123 119 124
1940 ............ 118 117 111 116 121 119 121 121 119 119 119 123 119
1941 ............ 118 116 117 126 128 128 131 135 135 134 138 140 129
1942 ............ 143 143 141 143 150 151 152 152 161 164 167 171 153
1943 ............ 177 184 198 218 209 237 235 221 218 219 222 229 214
1944 ............ 226 215 218 215 224 217


^ ^ ^


30.4 34.1
28.0 28.5
25.3 26.4
27.9 26.6
25.8 25.1
21.8 22.2
17.1 17.1
13.5 13.6
14.7 15.5
18.3 18.3
19.1 18.8
17.5 18.0
19.2 19.0
19.3 18.9
17.0 17.8
18.5 18.8
21.0 22.0
32.0 30.6
31.5 32.9


-------..----
............
.-..-.......
............
------------


............
............
............
............
............
............
............
--------..-.
............
------------
..------..--
-----------.







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 43.-EGGS: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Cents per dozen)


Year
1909 ............
1910 ...........
1911 ............
1912 ............
1913 .........
1914 ...........
1915 ............
1916 ...........
1917 ...........
1918 ...........
1919 ...........
1920 .........
1921 ............
1922 ............
1923 ............
1924 ............
1925 ............
1926 ...........
1927 ............
1928 ............
1929 ..........
1930 .........
1931 ............
1932 ............
1933 ............
1934 ...........
1935 ............
1936 ...........
1937 ...........
1938 ..........
1939 ......
1940 ..........
1941 .......
1942 ...........
1943 ........
1944 ............


----------_-------

TABLE 44.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA EGG PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I April[ May I June July [ Aug. | Sept. Oct. Nov. I Dec. j Avg.
1909 ............ 92 80 72 76 76 80 84 96 104 116 120
1910 ........... 112 104 96 88 88 88 88 92 96 96 108 128 99
1911 ........... 112 88 80 80 80 80 84 88 92 104 120 128 95
1912 ............ 120 104 88 84 80 80 88 92 104 112 120 128 100
1913 ........... 116 100 96 84 80 80 88 100 116 128 136 152 106
1914 ............ 132 112 96 88 84 92 96 100 112 120 140 144 110
1915 ............ 120 104 80 80 76 84 88 92 108 116 136 140 102
1916 ............ 120 100 92 84 80 84 84 96 118 128 140 160 107
1917 ............ 136 132 104 116 120 124 120 128 156 168 179 187 139
1918 ............ 187 183 124 144 128 132 136 148 168 187 199 239 165
1919 .......... 223 156 140 140 136 160 160 176 191 203 231 275 183
1920 .......... 251 211 179 152 160 164 164 187 203 239 259 279 204
1921 ............ 219 160 112 104 100 92 96 128 152 160 191 207 143
1922 ............ 172 144 80 88 96 92 96 112 136 160 187 199 130
1923 ........... 168 128 116 108 100 104 120 124 140 168 195 203, 140
1924 ........... 187 168 100 100 108 112 116 132 156 176 219 215 149
1925 ............ 172 156 120 120 116 116 136 144 172 187 223 231 158


Jan. I Feb.
23
28 26
28 22
30 26
29 25
33 28
30 26
30 25
34 33
47 46
56 39
63 53
55 40
43 36
42 32
47 42
43 39
52 43
42 30
44 32
38 29
47.0 34.0
34.0 20.0
22.1 15.2
24.0 15.9
27.3 23.5
33.7 27.3
33.5 25.4
31.0 23.5
31.5 25.0
29.0 22.0
28.3 27.9
32.7 24.5
38.0 29.0
44.6 37.0
51.0 36.7


I Mar. I Aprill May I June July I Aug. I Sept. Oct. I Nov. I Dec. 1 Avg.
20 18 19 19 20 21 24 26 29 30
24 22 22 22 22 23 24 24 27 32 24.7
20 20 20 20 21 22 23 26 30 32 23.7
22 21 20 20 22 23 26 28 30 32 25.0
24 21 20 20 22 25 29 32 34 38 26.6
24 22 21 23 24 25 28 30 35 36 27.4 ---
20 20 19 21 22 23 27 29 34 35 25.5, '/K-
23 21 20 21 21 24 27 32 35 40 26.6
26 29 30 31 30 32 39 42 45 47 34.8
31 36 32 33 34 37 42 47 50 60 41.2
35 35 34 40 40 44 48 51 58 69 45.8
45 38 40 41 41 47 51 60 65 70 51.2
28 26 25 23 24 32 38 40 48 52 35.9
20 22 24 23 24 28 34 40 47 50 32.6
29 27 25 26 30 31 35 42 49 51 34.9
25 25 27 28 29 33 39 44 55 54 37.3
30 30 29 29 34 36 43 47 56 58 39.5
25 29 33 29 36 35 44 48 53 55 40.2
24 23 26 26 28 32 37 42 48 48 33.8
23 25 23 26 29 32 38 44 49 46 34.2
29 29 26 28 31 34 40 47 49 51 35.9
28.0 25.0 26.0 25.0 26.0 28.0 33.0 37.0 42.0 39.0 32.5
21.0 21.7 19.2 18.4 19.7 23.3 26.8 31.0 33.6 32.5 25.1
15.8 14.8 12.8 16.2 15.5 19.0 23.4 27.8 30.1 32.8 20.5
14.0 13.0 14.0 13.6 18.5 20.3 25.5 29.5 29.4 32.6 20.9
16.8 17.1 16.8 18.3 21.6 24.4 30.3 32.4 33.5 36.5 24.9
21.4 21.0 23.7 22.4 24.1 27.8 32.0 37.0 33.8 36.9 28.4
21.8 20.7 21.3 21.9 26.0 28.5 32.1 34.5 35.6 39.8 28.4
22.7 22.3 21.6 21.4 25.2 28.1 29.6 33.4 36.8 37.0 27.7
21.2 20.7 21.1 22.2 25.3 26.7 30.4 33.0 34.0 37.0 27.3
20.0 20.3 20.0 20.0 24.0 25.6 26.7 28.5 30.3 32.4 24.9
18.7 19.3 19.1 19.4 23.9 26.8 30.2 31.8 32.9 35.0 26.1
21.0 22.1 23.9 25.2 29.2 33.0 35.0 37.1 39.6 42.0 30.4
25.6 27.6 27.0 28.0 32.0 38.0 39.8 42.0 45.0 46.0 34.8
34.8 34.6 36.6 37.4 40.0 45.0 48.4 51.0 55. 55.0 43.3







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 44.-RELATIVES OF EGG PRICES- (Concluded).
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April| May I Junel July I Aug. I Sept. Oct. I Nov. Dec. ( Avg.
1926 ........... 207 172 100 116 132 116 144 140 176 191 211 219 160
1927 ............ 168 120 96 92 104 104 112 128 148 168 191 191 135
1928 ............ 176 128 92 100 92 104 116 128 152 176 195 183 137
1929 .......... 152 116 116 116 104 112 124 136 160 187 195 203 143
1930 ........... 187 136 112 100 104 100 104 112 132 148 168 156 130
1931 ............ 136 80 84 87 77 73 79 93 107 124 134 130 100
1932 ............ 88 61 63 59 51 65 62 76 93 111 120 131 82
1933 ........ 96 63 56 52 56 54 74 81 102 118 117 130 83
1934 .......... 109 94 67 68 67 73 86 97 121 129 134 146 99
1935 ........ 134 109 85 84 95 89 96 111 128 148 135 147 113
1936 ............ 134 101 87 83 85 87 104 114 128 138 142 159 114
1937 ........... 124 94 91 89 86 85 101 112 118 133 147 148 111
1938 ........... 126 100 85 83 84 89 101 107 121 132 136 148 109
1939 ............ 116 88 80 81 80 80 96 102 107 114 121 129 100
1940 ............ 113 111 75 77 76 77 95 107 120 127 131 140 104
1941 ............ 130 98 84 88 95 101 116 132 140 148 158 168 122
1942 ............ 152 116 102 110 108 112 128 152 159 168 179 183 139
1943 ............ 178 148 139 138 146 149 160 179 193 203 219 219 173
1944 ............ 203 146 121 120 126 131


TABLE 45.-BEEF CATTLE: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS,
15TH OF EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per 100 pounds)


I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.


4.10 4.40 4.40
5.00 6.00 5.60
4.70 5.00 4.50
4.10 4.50 4.90
3.90 4.50 4.20
5.50 5.20 4.70
5.40 5.20 5.00
5.00 5.20 5.40
5.50 5.90 6.80
7.90 7.80 9.00
7.70 7.60 7.60
7.20 7.50 8.00
5.50 5.60 5.50
4.20 4.70 5.20
4.60 4.80 4.701
3.50 3.60 3.50
3.70 4.40 4.70
5.30 4.90 4.90
5.00 4.80 4.50
5.90 6.00 6.00
6.10 6.20 6.60
6.20 6.20 6.20
4.50 4.70 4.701
2.90 2.90 3.20
2.60 2.75 2.75
3.35 3.35 3.40
4.20 4.60 4.90
4.50 4.60 4.90
5.20 5.60 5.70
4.60 4.90 4.90
5.10 5.30 5.20
5.40 5.50 5.90
5.90 6.00 6.40
7.60 8.20 9.30
9.60 11.00 11.60
9.50 10.20110.50


4.80 4.80
5.70 5.40
4.50 4.30
4.30 4.30
4.40 4.40
5.00 5.30
5.10 5.00
5.70 5.20
7.20 7.10
8.60 9.30
7.60 8.50
7.80 7.70
5.30 5.00
5.00 4.70
4.60 4.60
3.80 3.70
4.20 3.70
4.60 5.00
5.00 5.30
6.50 6.60
6.50 6.90
6.10 5.70
4.30 4.30
3.20 3.20
3.35 3.35
3.15 3.10
5.00 4.40
4.70 4.80
5.80 5.10
5.20 5.20
5.60 5.10
5.80 5.40
6.70 7.00
9.00 8.70
11.50 12.00
10.30 9.80


4.80 5.10
5.00 6.10
4.00 4.50
4.50 4.30
4.60 5.00
5.50 5.40
5.00 4.80
5.40 5.30
6.70 7.20
8.10 8.10
7.60 8.00
7.20 7.30
4.70 4.50
4.60 4.20
4.10 4.40
3.80 3.50
4.10 3.10
4.20 4.00
4.70 5.10
6.40 6.40
6.90 6.70
5.20 5.10
4.00 3.80
3.30 3.50
3.30 3.30
3.25 3.25
4.55 4.80
4.70 5.00
5.10 5.10
5.40 4.90
5.00 5.00
5.60 5.50
7.00 6.80
8.20 8.60
11.80 11.40


5.20 5.10 4.90 4.60 4.70
5.00 4.80 5.20 4.90 5.30
4.50 4.70 4.70 3.50 4.53
4.30 4.60 4.20 4.10 4.35
4.70 5.40 4.50 4.90 4.55
5.30 5.20 5.20 5.60 5.18
5.50 4.70 4.80 5.00 5.04
5.40 5.70 5.60 5.50 5.37
8.10 8.00 8.00 8.10 7.02
8.20 8.00 8.70 8.501 8.34
8.00 7.30 7.10 7.30 7.58
7.00 6.50 6.00 5.50 7.06
4.20 4.50 4.00 4.20 4.88
4.00 4.20 4.30 4.00 4.42
3.90 4.90 4.50 4.30 4.50
3.60 3.50 3.80 3.70 3.62
3.60 4.10 4.60 4.20 3.99
4.50 4.30 4.50 4.40 4.58
4.50 4.20 5.10 5.40 4.95
7.80 6.90 6.90 5.90 6.40
7.30 6.90 6.10 6.30 6.53
4.90 4.60 4.50 4.40 5.44
3.50 3.40 3.10 3.00 3.99
3.50 3.40 3.30 3.25 3.22
3.25 3.50 3.40 2.90 3.11
3.70 3.65 3.60 3.60 3.35
4.80 4.80 4.50 4.45 4.62
4.70 4.70 4.75 4.75 4.71
5.30 5.20 4.75 4.40 5.18
5.00 4.60 4.45 4.60 4.87
5.30 5.30 5.30 5.10 5.17
5.20 5.20 5.10 5.30 5.42
6.90 7.10 7.20 7.20 6.65
8.50 8.50 8.60 8.70 8.44
11.00110.00 9.80 9.50110.68


Year
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


I Jan.
4.20
4.90
5.50
4.10
4.101
4.30
5.00
5.00
5.60
7.90
6.60
7.00
5.50
4.00
4.60
3.50
3.50
4.30
5.80
5.50
5.90
6.20
4.60
3.00
2.90
2.85
4.40
4.45
4.90
4.65
4.70
5.20
5.60
7.40
8.90
9.50







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


Year
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


TABLE 46.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA BEEF CATTLE PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.


............
............
............
............
............
............
..-...-----.
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............


............
------------
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............
............


86 93
105 126
99 105
86 95
82 95
116 109
114 109
105 109
116 124
166 164
162 160
151 158
116 118
88 99
97 101
74 76
78 93
112 103
105 101
124 126
128 130
130 130
95 99
61 61
55 58
70 70
88 97
95 97
109 118
97 103
107 112
114 116
124 126
160 173
202 231
200 215


1071 1031 97


TABLE 47.-VEAL CALVES: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS,
15TH OF EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per 100 Pounds)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I April May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.


1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925


4.80
7.30
6.50
4.80
5.90
5.80
5.00
7.00
8.40
10.00
9.50
9.10
8.00
6.00
6.60
6.30
5.70


4.50
8.00
5.00
5.50
5.50
6.00
7.00
6.90
8.30
9.80
9.80
9.60
6.50
6.20
6.00
5.80
6.50


5.50 5.80
5.50 6.00
4.60 6.30
3.00 4.40
6.10 6.20
5.90 6.10
6.60 7.20
6.80 6.50
9.00 9.60
9.70 10.00
10.50 10.30
10.00 9.00
6.20 6.50
5.20 5.50
7.001 8.30
5.60 5.30
6.00 5.50


101 107
105 128
84 95
95 90
97 105
116 114
105 101
114 112
141 151
170 170
160 168
151 154
99 95
97 88
86 93
80 74
86 65
88 84
99 107
135 135
145 141
109 107
84 80
69 74
69 69
68 68
96 101
99 105
107 107
114 103
105 105
118 116
147 143
173 181
248 240







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 47.-PRICES OF VEAL CALVES- (Concluded).
Year Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I April l May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1926 6.00 8.00 6.00 7.00 6.00 7.00 5.00 6.20 6.60 6.40 6.00 7.00 6.43
1927 6.70 7.10 6.90 6.80 7.60 7.60 6.10 7.50 6.60 6.80 7.30 8.80 7.15
1928 8.70 7.50 7.60 8.00 7.60 8.00 8.20 8.20 8.00 8.50 8.50 7.70 8.04
1929 8.50 9.20 8.80 9.00 9.2010.00 10.50 9.70 10.4010.00 9.90 9.80 9.58
1930 9.00 9.30 9.00 8.70 8.20 8.20 8.60 8.10 8.50 9.10 7.90 7.10 8.48
1931 7.80 7.70 7.50 7.90 6.90 7.10 7.50 7.10 6.40 5.60 5.30 4.80 6.80
1932 4.80 5.50 5.90 4.70 4.80 5.20 5.50 6.00 5.50 4.75 4.75 4.85 5.19
1933 4.95 4.00 3.40 3.90 4.30 4.35 4.95 4.95 5.40 5.20 5.00 4.451 4.57
1934 4.40 4.80 4.75 4.55 4.80 4.45 4.50 4.75 5.90 6.20 5.80 5.40 5.02
1935 5.30 5.40 6.10 6.20 6.30 6.20 6.10 6.00 6.30 5.80 5.80 5.90 5.95
1936 5.80 6.60 6.40 6.40 5.50 6.60 6.30 6.40 6.40 6.70 6.00 5.301 6.20
1937 6.20 6.20 4.90 7.30 6.40 7.30 6.70 6.90 6.90 5.30 4.90 5.501 6.21
1938 5.70 5.40 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.00 6.10 6.00 6.30 5.90 5.87
1939 5.90 6.20 6.60 6.30 6.70 6.30 6.40 6.50 6.50 6.20 6.30 6.20 6.34
1940 6.40 6.501 6.40 6.60 6.70 6.30 6.50 6.40 6.10 6.10 6.20 6.301 6.38
1941 6.501 6.70 6.80 7.30 7.30 7.50 7.60 7.60 8.30 8.20 8.10 8.101 7.50
1942 8.50 8.90 9.40 9.10 10.40 10.10 9.90 9.90 10.10 10.10 10.10 10.301 9.73
1943 10.80 11.60 12.60 13.40 13.00 13.60 13.40 12.75 12.30 11.40 10.80 10.8012.20
1944 10.80 10.40111.00 11.50111.20 10.80 _

TABLE 48.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA VEAL CALF PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I ec. I Avg.
1909 ............ 95 83 87 75 75 78 87 94 95 101 94 113 90
1910 .......... 121 127 113 108 128 139 121 104 95 104 94 87 112
1911 ......... 121 113 95 95 87 87 104 95 80 109 113 69 97
1912 ......... 95 83 83 85 121 95 104 88 52 76 83 87 88
1913 .......... 92 102 104 90 85 95 94 114 106 108 101 83 98
1914 ........... 111 101 114 102 114 104 118 118 102 106 108 1141 109
1915 ............ 121 87 113 95 97 121 114 102 114 125 116 127 111
1916 ........... 111 121 132 109 121 120 130 134 118 113 134 120 122
1917 ......... 116 146 141 160 167 144 144 154 156 167 168 163 152
1918 ........... 165 173 156 165 154 170 165 139 168 173 165 1731 164
1919 .......... 142 165 163 160 173 170 168 170 182 179 177 182 169
1920 ........ 170 158 172 173 187 167 168 160 173 156 156 156 166
1921 .......... 147 139 139 121 121 113 116 121 108 113 108 104 121
1922 ............ 95 104 104 121 125 108 108 113 90 95 99 95 105
1923 ........... 113 114 121 108 106 104 102 106 121 144 121 130 116
1924 ............ 1131 109 101 97 95 101 102 99 97 92 781 95 98
1925 ............ 991 99 109 121 139 113 106 99 104 95 82 99 105
1926 ....... 104 139 104 121 104 121 87 108 114 111 104 121 112
1927 ......... 116 123 120 118 132 132 106 130 114 118 127 153 124
1928 ............ 151 130 132 139 132 139 142 142 139 147 147 134 140
1929 ............ 147 160 153 156 160 173 182 168 180 173 172 170 166
1930 ......... 156 161 156 151 142 142 149 141 147 158 137 123 147
1931 .......... 135 134 130 137 120 123 130 123 111 97 92 83 118
1932 .......... 83 95 102 82 83 90 95 104 95 82 82 84 90
1933 ........ 86 69 59 68 75 75 86 86 94 90 87 77 79
1934 .......... 76 83 82 79 83 77 78 82 102 108 101 94 87
1935 ......... 92 94 106 108 109 108 106 104 109 101 101 102 103
1936 ............ 101 114 111 111 95 114 109 111 111 116 104 92 107
1937 ............ 108 108 85 127 111 127 116 120 120 92 85 95 108
1938 .......... 99 94 94 97 101 104 108 104 106 104 109 102 102
1939 .......... 102 108 114 109 116 109 111 113 113 108 109 108 110
1940 .......... 111 113 111 114 116 109 113 111 106 106 108 109 111
1941 ............ 113 116 118 127 127 130 132 132 144 142 141 139 130
1942 ......... 147 154 163 158 180 175 172 172 175 175 175 158 167
1943 ............ 187 201 219 232 225 236 232 221 213 198 187 187 212
1944 ............ 187 1801 191 199 194 187I







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 49.-SHEEP: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per 100 Pounds)


I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I IYec. I Avg.


Year
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


............ 4.40 4.50
............ 5.50 5.00
............ 5.10 4.50
............ 3.00 3.00
........... 5.00 6.00
........... 6.50 6.50
............ 5.00 4.10
........... 5.00 5.60
.......... 6.50 5.80
............ 8.40 8.20
............ 8.20 8.70
........... 8.20 8.40
............ 6.50 5.50
........... 5.50 5.70
........... 6.00 5.10
.......... 5.50 5.50
.-...... 6.80 6.40
............ 6.50 6.50
............ 6.00 6.00
........... 8.00 7.90
.. ..... 8.00 8.00
.......... 5.40 5.70
............ 6.701 6.00
..-- .... 2.40 2.60
S......... 2.65 2.70
...... 3.35 3.50
............ 4.00 4.30
............ 4.25 4.25
.....-.. 4.50 4.50
........... 3.70 3.60
........... 3.40 3.40
........... 3.50 3.60
-.......... 3.75 3.30
............ 4.80 4.80
............ 6.00 6.80
.......... 6.901 6.70


4.60 5.00 5.50 4.90
5.50 6.00 6.00 5.50
4.00 4.90 5.00 4.00
3.80 5.00 4.70 4.50
5.50 5.00 3.60 5.00
7.20 6.00 5.20 5.50
6.00 5.60 5.50 5.70
5.50 6.80 5.60 7.00
7.50 8.80 8.10 8.10
8.70 8.00 9.80 8.40
9.00 8.40 8.10 8.80
9.00 8.60 8.30 8.50
5.50 5.00 5.50 6.00
5.50 5.70 6.00 4.00
5.50 5.60 5.80 5.30
5.20 5.00 6.00 5.50
6.30 5.90 6.20 5.20
6.50 7.30 7.50 6.50
6.50 6.40 6.30 7.20
8.80 8.30 8.00 7.50
8.00 8.00 7.50 8.00
6.00 6.40 6.70 5.70
5.40 5.00 4.60 4.30
2.50 2.60 2.50 2.10
3.00 2.70 2.75 3.05
3.50 3.50 3.30 3.00
4.40 4.00 4.00 3.90
4.25 4.50 4.50 4.60
4.00 4.00 4.00 3.75
4.00 3.60 3.60 3.60
3.40 3.40 3.40 3.20
3.65 3.50 3.60 3.60
3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60
44.50 450 4.30 5.00
7.00 7.50 7.50 7.50
6.70 6.70 6.70 6.80


TABLE 50.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA SHEEP PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.

1909 ............ 91 93 95 103 113 101 91 89 87 821- 89 95 94
1910 ........... 113 103 113 124 124 113 107 107 111 113 101 103 111
1911 ........... 105 93 82 101 103 82 111 113 109 72 82 66 93
1912 -......... 62 62 78 103 97 93 72 78 62 78 78 62 77
1913 ........ 103 124 113 103 74 103 93 124 124 93 113 128 108
1914 ........... 134 134 148 124 107 113 124 122 103 105 117 134 122
1915 ......... 103 85 124 115 113 117 109 124 128 113 97 120 112
1916 ............ 103 115 113 140 115 144 126 140 134 124 124 128 126
1917 ........... 134 120 155 181 167 167 160 157 165 173 169 169 160
1918 ............ 173 169 179 165 202 173 183 171 183 161 175 185 177
1919 ............ 169 179 185 173 167 181 169 173 175 190 177 161 175
1920 ............ 169 173 185 177 171 175 175 173 155 159 144 134 166
1921 ............ 134 113 113 103 113 124 103 117 109 107 93 103 111
1922 ............ 113 117 113 117 124 82 93 87 93 93 103 97 103
1923 ............ 124 105 113 115 120 109 113 124 124 124 124 113 117
1924 ........... 113 113 107 103 124 113 115 117 113 113 103 113 112
1925 ............ 140 132 130 122 128 107 126 120 126 130 134 138 128


4.00 4.30 4.60
5.50 4.90 5.00
3.50 4.00 3.20
3.80 3.80 3.00
4.50 5.50 6.20
5.10 5.70 6.50
5.50 4.70 5.80
6.00 6.00 6.20
8.401 8.20 8.20
7.80 8.50 9.001
9.20 8.60 7.80
7.70 7.00 6.50
5.20 4.50 5.00
4.50 5.00 4.70
6.00 6.00 5.50
5.50 5.00 5.50
6.30 6.50 6.70
5.70 6.50 6.00
6.30 7.00 7.50
7.00 7.50 7.50
6.20 6.00 5.50
6.20 6.00 5.90
2.80 3.00 2.50
3.25 3.75 2.75
2.80 3.00 3.25
3.00 3.00 3.50
4.30 4.30 4.30
4.50 4.50 4.50
4.00 4.00 3.90
3.50 3.50 3.25
3.20 3.50 3.50
3.50 3.50 3.50
4.00 4.50 4.60
5.40 5.50 5.70
7.00 6.70 7.00








Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 50.-RELATIVES OF SHEEP PRICES- (Concluded).


Jan. | Feb. ) IViar.) April[ May June[ July
) Aug.( Sept.|


1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


Year I


TABLE 51.-LAMBS: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per 10 Pounds)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June | July | Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.


1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


5.40|
6.50
6.00
4.10
7.00
7.60
5.50
6.00
7.00
9.00
9.30
10.00
7.00
6.00
7.00
6.50
8.60
7.20
7.00
9.00
10.00
9.00
7.20
5.80
4.30
4.25
5.50
6.00
6.50
5.90
5.70
6.00
6.30
7.50
8.00
8.50


5.50
6.50
6.50
4.00
7.00
7.60
5.80
6.70
7.00
8.70
9.70
9.50
6.00
6.20
6.50
6.60
8.40
7.10
7.10
8.50
10.10
8.90
6.60
5.80
4.30
5.00
5.70
6.00
6.50
5.80
6.00
6.00
6.10
7.70
8.80
8.50


5.70
7.00
7.00
4.25
6.50
7.50
7.00
7.00
8.00
9.30
10.40
9.75
6.25
6.20
6.00
6.70
8.20
7.00
7.50
10.00
10.80
8.40
6.80
5.90
4.00
4.85
5.70
5.70
6.50
6.20
6.00
6.10
6.10
7.50
9.00
8.50


5.90 6.40
7.30 7.00
7.00 6.50
6.50 6.00
6.00 5.70
6.50 6.80
6.40 6.70
7.00 7.50
9.00 9.20
9.0010.80
9.50 9.00
9.10 9.60
6.20 6.50
6.70 7.20
6.50 6.50
7.40 7.30
8.10 8.00
8.00 9.00
8.50 8.00
9.90 9.00
9.90 9.00
7.50 8.30
7.00 6.90
5.90 5.90
4.00 4.50
4.75 5.30
5.80 5.80
6.40 6.00
6.50 6.50
5.70 5.80
6.00 6.20
6.10 6.10
6.10 6.40
7.50 7.50
10.00 9.50
8.50 8.50


6.00
5.50
4.00
4.50
6.80
6.70
8.10o
6.50
9.00
10.00
9.50
7.00
5.50
5.50
7.00
7.70
8.10
7.00
8.00
9.00
8.40
7.00
5.00
4.80
5.20
5.50
5.70
6.50
6.00
5.50
6.00
6.00
7.00
7.50
8.50


Oct. Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
117 134 124 131
130 144 155 136
144 155 155 157
128 124 1131 151
128 124 1221 120
58 621 521 86
67 77 57 57
58 62 67 61
62 62 721 66
89 89 89 84
93 93 93 92
82 82 80 83
72 72 67 73
66 72 72 69
72 72 72 73
82 93 95 78
111 113 117 103
144 138 144 147


136
124
138
140
115
56
62
61
61
71
95
82
72
66
72
74
99
153


I I


............
------------
........--...
---.------- -
------------
------------

............

------------


.---------- -
...... ..... -







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 52.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA LAMB PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July | Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1909 ............ 90 92 95 99 107 95 97 92 87 84 92 100 94
1910 ............ 109 109 117 122 117 100 97 95 94 100 97 92 104
1911 ......... 100 109 117 117 109 92 100 100 92 87 75 67 97
1912 .......... 68 67 71 109 100 92 84 84 75 70 80 75 81
1913 .... 117 117 109 100 95 89 104 134 129 100 117 114 110
1914 ........... 127 127 125 109 114 117 117 100 100 100 110 112 113
1915 ......... 92 97 117 107 112 109 100 104 107 94 92 135 106
1916 ......... 100 112 117 117 125 122 119 122 122 109 109 109 115
1917 ......... 117 117 134 150 154 162 150 142 159 155 152 150 145
1918 ......... 150 145 155 150 180 152 154 174 154 155 150 167 157
1919 ........... 155 162 174 159 150 167 155 167 147 167 162 159 160
1920 .......... 167 159 163 152 160 162 187 150 134 137 125 117 151
1921 ......... 117 100 104 104 109 112 109 100 102 100 87 92 103
1922 ............ 100 104 104 112 120 75 100 92 84 87 92 92 97
1923 .......... 117 109 100 109 109 100 100 105 109 110 119 117 109
1924 ............ 109 110 112 124 122 120 117 115 114 117 127 129 118
1925 ............ 144 140 137 135 134 147 145 130 132 132 134 135 137
1926 ............ 120 119 117 134 150 160 154 145 144 142 127 117 136
1927 ............ 117 119 125 142 134 150 142 140 139 140 142 134 135
1928 ........... 150 142 167 165 150 159 152 154 134 150 167 150 153
1929 ........... 167 169 180 165 150 159 147 145 132 130 130 140 151
1930 ......... 150 149 140 125 139 149 142 134 130 117 114 117 134
1931 ........... 120 110 114 117 115 109 92 97 90 89 87 84 102
1932 ........... 97 97 99 99 99 99 90 84 72 72 77 80 89
1933 ........... 72 72 67 67 75 81 84 87 77 77 84 87 78
1934 ............ 71 84 81 79 89 89 89 89 87 87 81 92 85
1935 .......... 92 95 95 97 97 94 106 90 9090 95 95 95
1936 ......... 100 100 95 107 100 99 99 100 110 109 109 109 103
1937 ............ 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 107 100 108
1938 ........... 99 97 104 95 97 97 100 100 100 100 100 92 98
1939 ........... 95 100 100 100 104 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
1940 ......... 100 100 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 100 102
1941 ....... 105 102 102 102 107 107 105 109 109 109 117 117 108
1942 ........... 125 1291 125 125 125 125 125 134 125 125 125 125 126
1943 .......... 134 147 150 167 159 155 155 155 150 142 142 142 150
1944 ............ 142 142 142 142 142 142

TABLE 53.-HoGs: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS.
15TH OF EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per 100 pounds)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I April May I June I July I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. | Avg.
1909 | 5.701 5.90 6.10 6.30 6.40 6.60 6.80 6.70 7.00 6.70 6.90 7.00 6.51
1910 1 6.801 7.00 7.50 8.3010.00 7.40 8.90 6.80 6.20 6.50 6.50 7.30 7.43
1911 | 7.20| 7.10 7.10 6.00 5.90 6.30 5.80 6.50 6.30 5.90 6.30 5.50 6.32
1912 5.60| 6.00 6.00 6.70 6.20 6.00 6.00 5.60 6.00 5.60 5.80 5.80 5.94
1913 5.90| 6.00 6.20 5.60 5.80 6.00 5.90 6.50 6.40 6.70 6.40 6.20 6.13
1914 6.401 7.30 7.10 6.10 7.00 6.90 7.10 7.10 7.00 7.001 7.10 7.10 6.93
1915 6.50 6.50 6.30 6.30 6.50 6.40 5.90 6.00 6.10 6.40 6.00 6.20 6.26
1916 6.10 6.20 6.90 6.70 6.60 6.70 7.00 7.00 7.20 7.50 8.00 7.50 6.95-
1917 7.50 7.60 8.00 10.20 10.60 10.00 10.30 10.40 12.60 13.40 12.80 13.60 10.58
1918 13.00 12.90 12.80 12.50 13.00 12.90 12.30 12.30 13.90 13.70 13.60 12.90 12.98
1919 11.80 11.90 13.20 12.90 14.60 13.40 14.10 15.50 13.90 11.80 11.00 11.20 12.94
1920 11.10 12.00 11.90 12.60 12.60 12.40 12.50 12.00 12.20 12.00 10.40 8.50 11.68
1921 8.00 7.50 8.50 7.70 7.50 7.70 8.00 8.00 7.20 7.00 6.00 5.70 7.40
1922 5.70 5.90 7.20 7.50 7.50 8.50 8.00 8.00 7.70 7.50 7.00 6.70 7.27
1923 7.00 6.60 6.90 6.70 7.00 6.60 6.70 6.30 6.90 7.00 6.80 6.30 6.73
1924 7.00 6.70 7.00 6.90 6.50 6.50 6.50 7.00 7.001 8.00 8.00 8.10 7.10
1925 8.00 8.80 8.60 9.80 8.30 9.00 9.60 10.5010.001 9.3010.40 9.50 9.32








Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 53.-HOG PRICES-- (Concluded).


Year
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


TABLE 54.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA HOG PRICES.
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)


Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April May I Junel July I Aug. Sept.[


Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.


I I I I I I I
98 1011 104 102 107 102 106 107 99
53 113| 136 104 95 99 99 112 114
901 96 89! 99 96 90 96 84 97
95 92 92 86 92 86 89 89 91
89 921 90 99 98 102 98 95 94
07 106 109 109 107 107 109 109 106
991 98 90 92 93 98 92 95 96
01! 102 107 107 110 115 122 115 106
621 1531 158 159 193 205 196 208 162
99 197 188 188 213 210 208 197 199
23 205 216 237 213 181 168 171 198
93 190 191 184! 187 1841 1591 1301 179
15 118 122 1221 1101 107 921 87! 113
15 130 122 122 118 115 107! 102 111
07 101 102 96 106 107 104 96 103
99 99 99 107 1071 122! 122 124 108
27 138 147 161 1531 142 1591 145 143
61 153 168 164! 153! 159 156 150 155
36 136 127 127 1271 136! 121 1131 133
06 121 121 128! 1381 1321 1191 1091 115
241 124 130 1381 1241 1221 1211 115! 122
18 119 116 116 1221 1191 1121 99 116
951 89 90[ 89 761 64! 63| 69! 85
521 52! 63 641 581 52 47 43| 54
50| 53! 53 541 54 57! 53! 451 48
50 50 54 541 781 78 71! 691 58
92 93 98 107! 115 110 1021 106 97
06 110 115 1221 1221 115 1151 122 112
16| 126j 1321 1441 1271 127! 109 99I 121
981 1041 1071 1061 102! 1021 96 90! 101
891 871 86] 811 93[ 871 83 72 87
811 761 781 801 83 83 811 811 '8
121 121! 132 1391 141 133 1301 1301 117
641 1651 171 1791 1761 181! 1761 1761 164
03 199 1991 199 199 196 187 174 194
64 164 I


Year

1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I June I July Aug. ISept. Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
9.50110.00 9.50 9.70 10.50 10.00 11.00110.7010.00110.40 10.20 9.8010.11
8.80 9.90 9.20 9.20 8.90 8.90 8.30 8.30 8.30 8.90 7.90 7.40 8.67
6.50 6.801 6.60 6.50 6.90 7.90 7.90 8.40 9.00 8.60 7.80 7.10 7.50
7.30 7.00 7.90 8.30 8.10 8.10 8.50 9.00 8.101 8.00 7.90 7.50 7.98
7.70 7.701 8.001 7.601 7.70 7.80 7.60 7.60 8.001 7.80 7.30 6.50 7.61
6.401 6.201 6.40 6.50 6.20 5.80 5.90 5.80 5.001 4.20 4.10 4.50 5.58
3.901 3.501 3.501 3.60 3.401 3.40 4.10 4.20 3.801 3.40 3.10 2.80 3.56
2.60 2.45 2.65 2.70 3.30! 3.45 3.45 3.50 3.55 3.70 3.45 2.95 3.15
2.85 3.00 3.40 3.35 3.251 3.25 3.55 3.55 5.10 5.10 4.65 4.50 3.80
4.90 5.60 5.80 5.851 6.00 6.10 6.40 7.00 7.50 7.201 6.70 6.90 6.33
6.70 6.80 6.90 7.001 6.90 7.20 7.50 8.00 8.00 7.50 7.50 8.00 7.33
7.80 7.601 7.70] 7.90i 7.601 8.20 8.60 9.40 8.30 8.30 7.10 6.50 7.92
6.50 6.70! 7.001 6.80' 6.40 6.80 7.00 6.90 6.70 6.70 6.30 5.90 6.64
5.901 6.101 6.101 5.80 5.80 5.70 5.60 5.30 6.10 5.70 5.40 4.70 5.68
4.701 4.70 4.80| 4.85 5.301 5.00 5.10 5.20 5.40 5.40 5.30 5.30 5.09
5.601 6.00 5.90 6.40 7.30 7.90 8.60 9.10 9.20 8.70 8.50 8.50 7.64
8.60 9.1019.80 10.60 10.70 10.8011.20 11.70 11.50 11.80 11.5011.50 10.73
11.70 12.10113.10 13.50 13.30 13.00 3.0013.00 13.00112.80 12.20 11.40 12.68
10.60110.00111.00111.10 10.70 10.70


--


. .... ...

. ..... .


. .. .... ..


. .. .


.. ... ...


.... .. ..
.... .. .


.. ... ..



.. ... ...
...........
- - - -
-----------







TABLE 55.-ORANGES: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA PRODUCERS.*
(Dollars per box)


Crop I
Year I Sept. I Oct. Nov.


1909-10 ....
1910-11 ........
1911-12 .......
1912-13 ........
1913-14, ........
1914-15 .....
1915-16 ........
1916-17 ........
1917-18 ........
1918-19 ........
1919-20 .......
1920-21 ......
1921-22 .......
1922-23 ......
1923-24 ......
1924-25 .......
1925-26 ..
1926-27......
1927-28 ........
1928-29 .....
1929-30 .......
1930-31 ........
1931-32 .......
1932-33 ........
1933-34 ......
1934-35 ........
1935-36 ........
1936-37 ........
1937-38 .......
1938-39 ........
1939-40 .......
1940-41 ........
1941-42 .......
1942-43 .......
1943-44 ........


1.30 1.10
S 2.30 1.85
2.25 1.90
2.05 1.70
2.15 1.65
1.80 1.55
2.00 2.00
3.00 2.15
2.80 2.90
3.95 3.00
2.65 2.50
3.50 2.50
2.65 2.55
5.30 3.00 2.55
3.15 2.00 1.75
3.50 2.25
6.00 3.95
3.25 2.80
4.85 3.40 3.20
3.00 2.15
1.95 2.60
2.00 2.70 2.00
2.00 2.00
S 2.05 2.00
S 1.55 1.55
2.05 2.05 1.70
2.10 2.20
2.15 1.85
3.35 2.55 1.85
2.00 1.45 1.30
1.60 1.20
1.60 1.45
2.30
2.65
3.25 3.25


I I | Simple Weighted
SFeb. March April I May June July I Aug. Average Average


Dec. Jan.

1.00 .95
1.50 1.00
1.70 1.55
1.15 1.45
1.40 1.45
1.20 1.15
1.50 1.55
1.80 1.80
3.45 3.35
3.05 3.25
2.75 2.90
1.95 2.60
2.65 2.75
2.45 2.75
1.55 1.45
2.15 2.15
2.80 2.60
2.25 2.45
3.45 3.60
2.30 2.00
2.90 2.80
1.70 1.70
1.95 2.05
1.80 1.70
1.50 1.60
1.60 1.65
2.15 2.10
1.75 2.05
1.60 1.45
1.30 1.30
1.25 1.25
1.30 1.50
1.70 1.60
3.48 2.11
3.32 2.88


1.05
1.25
2.00
1.55
1.60
1.35
1.80
1.95
4.50
4.00
4.75
2.20
3.45
2.80
1.55
3.35
3.20
2.45
4.20
1.85
2.95
1.90
2.15
1.50
1.65
1.75
2.30
2.65
1.35
1.30
1.90
1.61
1.60
2.59
2.24


1.15
1.55
2.00
2.40
1.80
1.30
2.30
1.65
5.80
4.60
5.40
2.50
5.40
3.10
1.70
4.55
3.60
2.75
4.85
2.00
4.05
2.30
2.60
1.40
1.85
1.95
2.05
2.85
1.30
1.45
1.90
1.80
2.07
3.14
3.03


1.55
1.90
2.70
3.05
2.15
1.95
2.85
1.95
6.00
4.70
7.05
2.95
5.50
3.90
2.00
5.15
3.90
3.25
6.20
2.10
5.40
2.70
2.80
1.30
2.05
2.55
2.10
2.90
1.35
1.75
2.05
1.75
1.91
3.07
3.33


2.50
2.45
2.45
3.70
2.40
2.25
3.00
2.60
5.30
5.65
5.25
4.10
7.05
3.20
2.55
6.20
4.35
3.20
6.70
1.65
4.75
2.60
2.85
1.30
2.55
2.10
2.60
2.75
1.50
1.80
2.65
1.75
2.30
3.30
3.45


---------------


1.60
2.00
2.85
4.75
2.10
2.30
3.65
3.00
5.00
5.80
5.60
5.15
7.45 7.50
2.90 2.40
3.15 2.80
6.45
5.00
3.10 2.75

1.55

2.90
2.90
1.55 1.75
3.15
1.65 1.75
2.70
3.05 2.65
1.60 1.70
1.85 1.80
2.55 1.55
1.85 1.95
2.70 2.50
3.30 3.30
3.55


* Prices per box f. o. b. packed for fresh consumption.


3.00
3.55













1.95
1.60


1.36
1.76
2.16
2.42
1.86
.65
2.29
2.21
4.34
4.22
4.32
3.05
4.70
3.11
2.27
3.97
3.93
2.82
4.49
2.07
3.42
2.25
2.37
1.64
1.94
1.89
2.26
2.46
1.78
1.60
1.77
1.66
2.08
2.99




TABLE 56.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA ORANGE PRICES.*
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)


Crop
Year

1909-10 ......
1910-11 ........
1911-12 ........
1912-13 ........
1913-14 .......
1914-15 ......
1915-16 .......
1916-17 .....
1917-18 .......
1918-19 ......
1919-20 ......
1920-21 .....
1921-22. .......
1922-23 .......
1923-24 ......
1924-25 ......
1925-26 ........
1926-27 ......
1927-28 ......
1928-29 ........
1929-30 ........
1930-31 ........
1931-32 ....
1932-33 ......
1933-34 ......
1934-35 .....
1935-36 ........
1936-37 ........
1937-38 .......
1938-39 ..
1939-40 ...
1940-41 .......
1941-42 ....
1942-43 ........
1943-44 .......


* F. O. B. packed for fresh consumption.


Jan. I Feb.


Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

68 58 52
120 97 79
118 100 89
107 89 60
113 86 73
94 81 63
105 105 79
157 113 94
147 152 181
207 157 160
139 131 144
183 131 102
139 134 139
278 157 134 128
165 105 92 81
183 118 113
314 207 147
170 147 118
254 178 168 181
157 113 120
102 136 152
105 141 105 89
105 105 102
107 105 94
81 81 79
107 107 89 84
110 115 113
113 97 92
175 134 97 84
105 76 68 68
84 63 65
84 76 68
120 89
139 182
170 170 174


50
52
81
76
76
60
81
94
175
170
152
136
144
144
76
113
136
128
189
105
147
89
107
89
84
86
110
107
76
68
65
79
84
111
151


55
65
105
81
84
71
94
102
236
210
249
115
181
147
81
175
168
128
220
97
155
100
113
79
86
92
120
139
71
68
100
84
84
136
117


March

60
81
105
126
94
68
120
86
304
241
283
131
283
162
89
238
189
144
254
105
212
120
136
73
97
102
107
149
68
76
100
94
108
164
159


April

81
100
141
160
113
102
149
102
314
246
369
155
288
204
105
270
204
170
325
110
283
141
147
68
107
134
110
152
71
92
107
92
100
161
174


May

131
128
128
194
126
1-18
157
136
278
296
275
215
369
168
134
325
228
168
351
86
249
136
149
68
134
110
136
144
79
94
139
92
120
173
181


Simple Weighted
Aug. Average Average


June July

84
105
149
249
110
120
191
157
262
304
293
270
390 393
152 126
165 147
338
262
162 144

81

152
152
81 92
165
86 92
141
160 139
84 89
97 94
134 81-
97 102
141 131
173 173
186


71
92
113
127
97
86
120
116
228
221
226
160
246
163
119
208
206
148
236
108
180
118
124
86
102
99
118
129
93
84
93
87
109
157


190 0
130
181 9
150
93
157
178
138
216
107 2.
162
117 C O
119
85
96
98
117
130
80
76
81
84
106
158 --
I-'


157
186













102
84







TABLE 57.-GRAPEFRUIT: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA PRODUCERS.*
(Dollars per box)


Crop
Year Sept. Oct.

1909-10 ........ 2.40 2.25
1910-11 -... 2.65 3.05
1911-12 ....... 2.05 3.65
1912-13 ....... 4.20 2.45
1913-14 ....... 2.50 3.55
1914-15 ...... 1.45 1.75
1915-16 ........ 2.25 2.25
1916-17 ........ 2.75 4.15
1917-18 ....... 2.95 3.30
1918-19 ........ 2.70 2.70
1919-20 ........ 3.65 2.95
1920-21 ........ 4.00 3.30
1921-22 ....... 3.50 2.50
1922-23 ........ 3.95 2.25
1923-24 ........ 2.55 2.00
1924-25 ........ 2.65
1925-26 ........ 4.50 4.05
1926-27 ....... | 4.65 4.30
1927-28 ........ 4.15 3.10
1928-29 ....... 3.60 2.70
1929-30 ........ 4.40 2.80
1930-31 ........ 2.50 2.10
1931-32 ........ 2.00 1.55
1932-33 ....... 2:25
1933-34 ........ 1.80 1.65
1934-35 -...... 1.50 1.35
1935-36 ........ 1.65 1.90
1936-37 ........ 1.40 1.30
1937-38 ........ 2.07 1.72
1938-39 ........ 1.40 .95
1939-40 ...... 2.45 1.54
1940-41 ........ 1.21
1941-42 ........ 2.07
1942-43 ........ 2.60
1943-44 ........ 2.54


Nov.


2.00
2.45
3.40
2.05
2.90
1.35
2.30
2.30
2.70
2.35
2.55
2.60
2.00
2.15
1.45
1.60
2.65
2.65
3.05
2.50
2.90
1.70
1.40
1.95
1.55
1.25
1.85
1.20
1.77
1.05
1.39
1.11
1.71
1.86
2.53


Dec. [ Jan.


1.85 1.95
2.00 1.75
3.20 3.55
1.85 1.85
2.25 2.90
1.05 1.05
1.85 2.00
1.95 1.95
2.60 2.25
2.80 2.95
2.10 2.35
2.05 2.60
2.00 2.05
2.00 2.05
1.35 1.45
1.55 1.50
2.60 2.60
2.00 2.15
3.10 3.20
2.00 1.90
2.75 2.65
1.55 1.50
1.35 1.30
1.50 1.30
1.45 1.45
1.20 1.20
1.75 1.80
1.25 1.20
1.67 1.47
1.00 1.05
1.39 1.31
1.15 1.05
1.49 1.35
1.89 1.65
S2.52 2.17


* Prices per box f. o. b. packed for fresh consumption.


Feb. I March


2.45
1,70
3.85
1.70
2.35
.95
1.50
1.85
2.25
2.85
2.30
2.15
1.85
2.10
1.40
1.50
2.80
2.20
3.55
1.80
2.70
1.35
1.35
1.25
1.50
1.30
1.70
1.30
1.47
1.05
1.49
1.06
1.23
1.70
2.09


2.25
1.55
3.65
1.65
2.20
1.15
1.75
1.30
3.00
3.25
2.05
2.10
2.45
2.00
1.30
1.60
3.00
2.10
3.50
1.80
2.85
1.55
1.70
1.20
1.70
1.30
1.65
1.65
1.42
.90
1.66
1.05
1.32
2.34
2.26


|I Simple
July Aug. Average





April May June

2.20 2.95 2.65
2.10 2.15 2.05
3.60 4.20 4.20
2.15 2.30 2.80
1.85 1.60 1.45
1.25 2.00 2.25
1.80 2.10 2.75
2.60 2.35 2.95
3.15 2.55 2.70
4.55 5.35
2.90 2.65 2.90
2.50 3.00
2.65 3.85 4.95
2.35 1.801 1.85
1.45 1.40 1.25
2.25 3.20 I 4.30
3.50 | 2.85 3.15
2.15 2.20 2.55
3.40 2.95 2.75
1.95 2.30 2.85
3.05 3.20 4.15
1.55 1.35 1.20
2.05 2.45 2.55
1.10 1.00 .95
1.90 1.90 2.10
1.50 1.30 1.25
1.85 2.10 2.10
1.90 2.00 2.40
1.37 1.42 1.02
1.05 1.00 1.05
1.51 1.53 1.20
1.18 1.33 1.81
1.57 2.03 2.34
2.32 2.53 2.50
2.56 2.65 2.64


Weighted
Average


3.15
2.15
2.15
4.60

1.80
3.65

5.20
1.35

1.00

1.40


1.10
1.25
1.19
2.31
2.56


1.30


,


--


2.30
2.14
3.54
2.30
2.36
1.42
2.06
2.42
2.74
3.28
2.64
2.70
2.81
2.26
1.68
2.48
3.17
2.61
3.25
2.34
3.33
1.61
1.77
1.35
1.70
1.32
1.84
1.56
1.54
1.05
1.50
1.21
1.74
2.20




TABLE 58.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT PRICES.*
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)


Crop
Year Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan.

1909-10 ........ 95 89 79 73 77
1910-11 ........ 105 121 97 79 69
1911-12 ........ 81 144 135 127 141
1912-13 ....... 166 97 81 73 73
1913-14 ........ 99 141 115 89 115
1914-15 ........ 57 69 53 42 42
1915-16 ........ 89 89 91 73 79
1916-17 ........ 109 164 91 77 77
1917-18 ........ 117 131 107 103 89
1918-19 ....... 107 107 93 111 117
1919-20 ....... 144 117 101 83 93
1920-21 ........ 158 131 103 85 103
1921-22 ........ 139 99 79 79 81
1922-23 ........ 156 89 85 79 81
1923-24 ........ 101 79 57 53 57
1924-25 ........ 105 63 61 59
1925-26 ........ 178 160 105 103 103
1926-27 ........ 184 170 105 79 85
1927-28 ........ 164 123 121 123 127
1928-29 ....... 143 107 99 79 75
1929-30 ........ 174 111 115 109 105
1930-31 ........ 99 83 67 61 59
1931-32 ........ 79 61 55 53 51
1932-33 ...... I 89 77 59 51
1933-34 ........ 71 65 61 57 57
1934-35 ........ 59 53 49 48 48
1935-36 ....... 65 75 73 69 71
1936-37 ........ 55 51 48 49 48
1937-38 ........ 82 68 70 66 58
1938-39 ....... 55 37 42 40 42
1939-40 ........ 97 61 55 55 52
1940-41 ........ 48 44 46 42
1941-42 ........ 82 68 59 53
1942-43 ........ 103 74 75 65
1943-44 ........ 101 100 100 86
F. O. B. packed for fresh consumption.


Feb. March April


. -


97
67
152
67
93
38
59
73
89
113
91
85
73
.83
55
59
111
87
141
71
107
53
53
49
59
51
67
51
58
42
59
42
49
67
83


.


Ag


89
61
144
65
87
46,
69
51
119
129
81
83
97
79
51
63
119
83
139
71
113
61
67
48
67
51
65
65
56
36
66
42
52
93
89


87
83
143
85
73
49
71
103
125
180
115
99
105
93
57
89
139
85
135
77
121
61
81
44
75
59
73
75
54
42
60
47
62
92
101


May June July

117 105
85 81
166 166
91 111
63 57
79 89
83 109
93 117
101 107
212
105 115
119
152 196 125
71 73 85
55 49 85
127 170 182
113 125
87 101 71
117 109 144
91 113
127 164 206
53 48 53
97 101
40 38 40
75 83
51 49 55
83 83
79 95
56 40
40 42 44
61 48 49
53 72 47
80 93 91
100 99 101
105 105


Aug.


Simpl
Averaj

91
85
140
91
93
56
81
96
109
130
104
107
111
98
66
98
126
103
129
93
132
63
70
54
67
52
72
62
61
42
60
48
69
87


e Weighted
ge Average



|


99
93


103



55





51






TABLE 59.-TANGERINES: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA PRODUCERS.*
(Dollars per box)
Crop I 1 I I I Simple Weighted
Year Sept. Oct. Nov. I Dec. Jan. Feb. March April May | June July Aug. Average Average


1909-10
1910-11
1911-12
1912-13
1913-14
1914-15
1915-16
1916-17
1917-18
1918-19
1919-20
1920-21
1921-22
1922-23
1923-24
1924-25
1925-26
1926-27
1927-28
1928-29
1929-30
1930-31
1931-32
1932-33
1933-34
1934-35
1935-36
1936-37
1937-38
1938-39
1939-40
1940-41
1941-42
1942-43
1943-44


i


1.90

2.40
2.05
3.00
2.30
3.05
4.15
5.10
5.60
5.85
5.75
4.35
4.60
5.50
6.05
4.05
5.25
3.70
3.85
2.40
2.35
2.60
1.95
1.80
3.00
1.90
3.40
1.55
2.05
2.80
2.20
2.25
3.65


* Prices per box f. o. b. packed for fresh consumption.


4.80
3.50
2.50
3.95
4.55
4.75
3.40
5.15
6.70
3.60
5.35
2.00
5.80

1.45

2.15
2.40
2.60
2.45
2.00
1.40
4.20
3.00
4.80


3.70
4.75
2.00
1.60
3.75
2.75
2.30
4.60
4.05
2.70
3.70







2.20


1.15


2.45
2.30











1.00


I I ' '


. .I.


4.05
2.25
2.85
4.05
1.60
3.00
2.95
7.80
4.65
3.90
3.70
2.85
3.20

2.60
2.40
2.00
1.90
1.60
2.45
3.00
1.40




TABLE 60.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA TANGERINE PRICES.*
(August 1909-July 1914 = 100)


Crop
Year


1909-10
1910-11
1911-12
1912-13
1913-14
1914-15
1915-16
1916-17
1917-18
1918-19
1919-20
1920-21
1921-22
1922-23
1923-24
1924-25
1925-26
1926-27
1927-28
1928-29
1929-30
1930-31
1931-32
1932-33
1933-34
1934-35
1935-36
1936-37
1937-38
1938-39
1939-40
1940-41
1941-42
1942-43
1943-44


Sept.


Oct.


181

101
128
181
72
134
132
345
208
175
166
128
143


116
107
90
85
72
110
138
63


85

107
92
134
103
137
186
228
251
162
257
195
206
246
271
181
235
166
172
107
105
116
87
81
134
85
152
69
92
125
99
101
163


* F. O. B. packed for fresh consumption.


SDec.


94
132
94
76
107
81
96
137
195
210
239
186
275
197
143
204
253
161
228
148
148
94
85
76
74
72
101
67
78
56
90
90
119
159
175


March April


June


I July I Aug.


Weighted
Average


Simple
Average


Yea r .


83
112
88
95
118
81
101
139
182
205
197
195
197
177
177
229
230
155
227
129
184
88
90
81
89
79
98
81
96
82
96
80
129
129
183


.. ... ..













TABLE 61.-BEANS: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS.
(Dollars per bushel of 30 pounds)

Season Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. April May June Simple Weighted
S_____ _____ __Avg. Avg. I Fall I Winter) Spring
1923-24 3.10 2.60 2.00 3.10 3.90 2.85 2.55 2.87 2.56 2.75 2.60 2.65
1924-25 3.15 4.00 1.50 3.25 3.75 1.60 1.50 2.68 2.10 3.75 2.30 1.55
1925-26 2.50 3.00 5.00 7.00 5.50 2.50 3.25 4.11 3.19 2.70 5.50 2.85
1926-27 2.40 2.00 4.00 6.00 3.00 1.85 1.45 2.96 2.15 2.15 3.35 1.70
1927-28 1.90 .85 1.30 5.00 5.30 4.20 2.40 1.60 2.82 2.28 1.05 4.70 2.15
1928-29 2.85 3.95 3.50 4.40 2.60 2.20 1.80 1.80 2.89 2.28 3.76 2.48 1.80
1929-30 2.95 1.30 2.50 2.75 3.50 3.00 1.25 1.00 2.28 2.15 1.70 2.85 1.80
1930-31 1.30 1.00 2.80 6.00 3.60 2.60 2.15 .95 .95 2.37 1.95 1.50 3.70 1.40
1931-32 1.65 1.05 .90 1.00 1.35 3.95 3.75 1.15 .70 1.72 1.41 1.10 1.65 1.70
1932-33 .60 1.50 1.85 .70 .70 .95 .85 .65 .98 .90 1.40 .80 .70
1933-34 1.60 .55 .65 1.10 1.55 1.40 1.30 .75 .60 1.06 1.04 .65 1.30 1.00
1934-35 1.10 1.20 1.40 4.45 1.50 1.15 1.15 .60 1.57 1.20 1.30 1.30 1.00
1935-36 1.50 .85 3.05 2.00 1.30 1.70 1.50 1.35 1.66 1.49 1.30 1.65 1.45
1936-37 .85 1.20 .95 .95 2.60 2.55 2.25 1.70 1.63 1.50 1.00 1.70 2.10
1937-38 1.80 1.50 2.00 1.55 1.20 1.00 .60 .60 1.28 1.17 1.70 1.20 .60
1938-39 .90 .60 .75 1.05 1.25 1.60 1.15 .85 1.02 1.03 .70 1.28 1.10
1939-40 1.25 1.75 1.55 1.75 3.70 2.93 1.30 .85 1.88 1.47 1.60 2.05 1.10
1940-41 .70 .70 .90 2.00 3.15 2.85 2.15 1.45 1.50 1.71 1.60 .80 2.50 1.85
1941-42 2.00 1.60 1.20 1.75 2.75 3.15 2.30 1.40 2.02, 1.84 1.45 2.30 1.90
1942-43 2.40 2.25 2.40 2.50 2.90 5.00 3.30 1.75 1.25 2.64- 2.62 2.35 3.00 2.50
1943-44 2.50 2.65 1.95 3.90 2.70 1 2.20 2.70 2.80 2.50 2.66 2.55 ]







Florida Farm Prices 77

TABLE 62.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA BEAN PRICES.
(1924-1929 = 100)







1924-25 105 133 50 108 125 53 50 89 70
1925-26 83 100 166 232 183 83 108 136 106
1926-27 i 80 66 133 199 100 61 48 98 71
1927-28 63 28 43 166 176 139 80 52 94 76
1928-29 95 131 116 146 86 73 60 60 96 76
1929-30 98 43 83 91 116 100 42 33 76 71
1930-31 43 33 93 199 120 86 71 32 32 79 65
1931-32 I 55 35 30 33 45 131 125 38 23 57 47
1932-33 20 50 61 23 23 32 28 22 32 30
1933-34 53 18 22 37 51 46 43 25 20 35 35
1934-35 37 40 46 148 50 38 38 20 52 40
1935-36 50 28 101 66 43 56 50 45 55 49
1936-37 28 40 32 32 86 85 75 56 54 50
1937-38 60 50 66 51 40 33 20 20 42 39
1938-39 30 20 25 35 42 53 38 28 34 34
1939-40 42 58 51 58 123 96 43 28 62 49
1940-41 23 23 30 66 105 95 71 48 50 57 53
1941-42 66 53 40 58 91 105 76 46 67 61
1942-43 80 75 80 83 96 166 110 58 42 88 87
1943-44 83 88 65 130 90 73 90 93 83 88 85


TABLE 63.-CABBAGE: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA FARMERS.
(Dollars per ton of 2,000 pounds)
Simple Weighted
Season Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. AprilS May June Average Average
1922-23 28.80 33.10 48.70 58.40 27.30 39.26 46.60
1923-24 32.20 37.50 42.20 51.50 42.20 41.12 40.30
1924-25 46.70 48.60 27.20 23.30 15.60 19.40 30.13 28.10
1925-26 64.00 70.90 70.90 53.20 31.50 11.80 50.38 48.40
1926-27 36.70 43.20 21.60 30.20 36.70 34.60 33.83 31.20
1927-28 71.00 28.40 32.50 24.40 42.60 53.80 40.60 41.90 36.90
1928-29 52.00 48.00 20.00 20.00 12.00 12.00 27.33 25.00
1929-30 54.80 56.80 54.80 65.60 81.20 70.50 63.95 63.20
1930-31 34.00 28.30 20.20 20.20 19.40 15.20 22.88 22.40
1931-32 45.00 36.00 27.70 24.10 41.10 33.50 32.40 34.26 32.00
1932-33 35.60 17.60 14.40 16.00 15.60 15.20 21.20 19.37 16.00
1933-34 34.80 16.80 14.00 14.00 13.20 14.80 16.80 17.77 16.00
1934-35 25.00 23.20 47.90 65.40 53.60 21.10 39.37 56.00
1935-36 25.10 24.50 19.70 13.10 16.80 15.50 19.12 17.00
1936-37 32.00 21.00 13.40 12.00 16.60 21.20 50.00 23.74 16.00
1937-38 27.70 28.50 25.50 11.70 10.20 11.00 19.10 16.00
1938-39 31.00 31.00 30.00 13.00 11.00 23.20 18.00
1939-40 21.30 22.80 21.20 16.90 16.40 18.00 19.43 18.40
1940-41 20.00 19.20 33.20 45.00 55.70 33.10 24.40 32.94 38.90
1941-42 46.00 40.00 34.00 20.00 12.00 13.00 20.00 26.43 17.80
1942-43 50.00 49.50 41.00 61.00 93.00 95.00 85.50 83.00 69.75 76.00
1943-44 157.00 53.00 32.00 27.00 42.50 37.00 41.42 36.00







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 64.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA CABBAGE PRICES.
(1924-1929 = 100)
Simple I Weighted
Season Nov. Dec. I Jan. Feb. Mar. IApril May June Average Average
1922-23 76 87 128 154 72 103
1923-24 85 99 111 136 111 108 106
1924-25 123 128 72 61 41 51 79 74
1925-26 169 187 187 140 83 31 133 128
1926-27 97 114 57 80 97 91 89 82
1927-28 187 75 86 64 112 142 107 110 97
1928-29 137 127 53 53 32 32 72 66
1929-30 144 150 144 173 214 186 168 167
1930-31 90 75 53 53 51 40 60 59
1931-32 119 95 73 64 108 88 85 90 84
1932-33 94 46 38 42 41 40 56 51 42
1933-34 92 44 37 37 35 39 44 47 42
1934-35 66 61 126 172 141 56 104 148
1935-36 66 65 52 35 44 41 50 45
1936-37 84 55 35 32 44 56 132 63 42
1937-38 73 75 67 31 27 29 50 42
1938-39 82 82 79 34 29 61 47
1939-40 56 60 56 45 43 47 51 48
1940-41 53 51 88 119 147 87 64 87 103
1941-42 121 105 90 53 32 34 53 70 47
1942-43 132 130 108 161 245 250 225 219 184 200
1943-44 150 140 84 71 112 98 109 95


TABLE 65.-CELERY: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA FARMERS.
(Dollars per Florida crate)

Season | Simple Weighted
IPQ I < I Avg. Av. I Fall| Spring
1923-24 ........ 1.25 1.10 2.00 1.65 2.65 1.30 1.66 1.70
1924-25 ....... 1.70 1.88 1.79 1.40 1.34 1.34 1.58 1.60
1925-26 ........ 2.75 3.25 2.50 1.95 3.10 2.15 2.62 2.50
1926-27 ........ 1.40 1.00 1.50 1.40 2.75 1.40 1.58 1.45
1927-28 ........ 1.75 1.40 1.52 1.62 2.04 2.66 2.22 1.89 1.80 1.65 2.44
1928-29 ....... 1.58 1.58 .96 .82 1.22 1.54 3.00 1.53 1.11 1.00 1.50
1929-30 ........ 2.30 1.40 1.40 1.20 2.07 2.05 2.05 1.78 1.62 1.45 2.18
1930-31 ...... .96 1.60 1.82 1.74 1.52 1.60 1.60 1.55 1.65 1.68 1.54
1931-32 ...... 1.21 1.03 1.14 1.51 1.51 1.22 1.35 1.28 1.30 1.32 1.26
1932-33 ........ 1.62 1.02 .44 .74 .43 1.38 1.85 1.07 .75 .70 .90
1933-34 ....... 1.20 .79 .82 1.02 .79 1.32 2.24 1.17 .96 .88 1.11
1934-35 ....... 1.04 1.75 1.90 1.34 1.57 1.45 2.78 1.69 1.56 1.56 1.56
1935-36 ....... 2.30 1.75 1.44 1.50 1.45 1.95 1.68 1.72 1.56 1.50 1.74
1936-37 ........ 2.30 1.30 1.33 1.76 .93 1.18 2.27 1.58 1.30 1.40 1.08
1937-38 ........ 1.20 1.00 1.00 .85 .94 1.15 1.35 1.07 .97 .92 1.10
1938-39 ........ 1.50 1.50 1.15 1.45 2.05 1.25 1.85 1.54 1.48 1.38 1.65
1939-40 ........ 1.80 1.40 1.80 1.55 1.20 2.15 2.30 1.74 1.59 1.50 1.68
1940-41 ........ 1.70 1.55 2.20 2.50 1.66 1.70 2.30 1.94 1.91 2.10 1.65
1941-42 ........ 3.00 2.80 2.45 1.30 1.00 1.55 2.80 2.13 1.65 1.78 1.42
1942-43 ........ 15.00 2.701 2.90 3.80 4.401 5.80 6.45 4.44 4.11 3.40 5.75
1943-44 ........ 3.75 3.851 2.40 2.10 2.701 6.451 8.50 4.25 3.15







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 66.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA CELERY PRICES.
(1924-1929 = 100)

Simple Weighted
Season Dec. Jan. Feb. JMar. lApril May Junel Avg. Average
1923-24 .......... 69 61 110 91 146 72 92 94
1924-25 .......... 94 104 99 77 74 74 87 88
1925-26 .......... 152 179 138 107 171 119 144 138
1926-27 .......... 77 55 83 77 152 79 87 80
1927-28 .......... 96 77 84 89 112 147 122 104 99
1928-29 .......... 87 87 53 45 67 85 165 84 61
1929-30 .......... 127 77 77 66 114 113 113 98 89
1930-31 .-....... 53 88 100 96 84 88 88 85 91
1931-32 .......... 67 57 63 83 83 67 74 71 72
1932-33 .......... 89 56 24 41 24 76 102 59 41
1933-34 .......... 66 44 45 56 44 73 123 64 53
1934-35 .......... 57 96 105 74 87 80 153 93 86
1935-36 ....-.... 127 96 79 83 80 107 93 95 86
1936-37 .......... 127 72 73 97 51 65 125 87 72
1937-38 .......... 66 55 55 47 52 63 74 59 53
1938-39 .......... 83 83 63 80 113 69 102 85 82
1939-40 ........ 99 77 99 85 66 119 127 96 88
1940-41 .......... 94 85 121 138 92 94 127 107 105
1941-42 .......... 165 154 135 72 55 85 154 117 91
1942-43 .......... 276 149 160 209 243 320 356 245 227
1943-44 .......... 207 212 132 116 149 356 469 234 174


TABLE 67.-CUCUMBERS: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA FARMERS.
(Dollars per bushel)

w u Weighted

Season w a *4


1923-24 ... 3.65 3.65 2.60 2.00 5.80 4.15 2.00 1.00 3.11 2.13 3.30 2.10
1924-25 .... 3.00 3.00 4.00 4.45 2.60 2.00 1.05 2.87 2.41 3.20 2.35
1925-26 .... 1.75 1.85 5.00 3.50 1.30 2.68 3.26 1.80 3.40
1926-27 .... 4.00 1.75 1.80 3.95 2.15 1.40 2.51 1.90 1.90 1.90
1927-28 .... 2.80 2.60 6.50 2.90 2.35 1.10 3.04 2.43 2.75 2.40
1928-29 ... 3.85 3.40 4.40 6.50 4.30 2.30 1.90 3.81 2.57 3.60 2.50
1929-30 .... 3.25 3.15 2.40 5.80 4.05 1.75 3.40 2.48 2.90 2.40
1930-31 .... 1.65 1.50 2.50 2.75 1.00 .50 1.65 1.35 1.60 1.30
1931-32 .... 1.55 2.10 2.85 3.00 2.65 4.30 1.40 .50 2.29 1.68 2.00 1.60
1932-33 .... 1.45 1.50 2.00 2.40 1.75 1.55 1.78 1.75 1.50 1.85
1933-34 .... 1.35 1.05 1.55 3.50 2.65 1.85 1.00 1.85 1.78 1.20 2.10
1934-35 .... 1.80 1.90 1.50 3.55 1.95 .80 1.92 1.62 1.80 1.55
1935-36 .... 2.50 2.00 1.55 3.50 2.45 1.40 1.15 2.08 1.98 1.95 2.00
1936-37 .... 1.45 2.20 3.05 3.45 3.35 3.50 1.50 2.64 3.02 2.20 3.20
1937-38 .... 2.55 1.95 1.25 3.00 .95 1.30 1.83 1.24 1.90 1.15
1938-39 .... 1.20 1.25 2.20 2.45 2.05 1.10 1.71 1.58 1.35 1.65
1939-40 .... 1.10 2.00 2.90 2.85 5.00 3.00 2.55 1.55 1.25 2.47 1.63 1.85 1.60
1940-41 .... 1.85 1.25 3.75 6.00 5.75 6.00 2.90 1.60 1.00 3.34 1.75 1.50 1.80
1941-42 .... 1.70 2.65 2.50 2.60 6.20 3.50 1.80 1.80 2.84 2.23 2.60 2.15
1942-43 .... 3.50 3.05 6.60 7.50 9.40 6.25 5.25 3.50 5.63 4.98 3.60 5.60
1943-44 .... 4.60 4.40 5.45 8.70 5.00 4.55 4.25 4.20 3.50 4.88* 4.55*
Includes a July price of $4.20 per bushel.







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 68.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA CUCUMBER PRICES.
(1924-1929 = 100)


Season ?
f

1923-24 121 121 87 67 193 138 67 33 103 71
1924-25 100 100 133 148 87 67 35 96 80
1925-26 58 62 166 116 43 89 108
1926-27 133 58 60 131 72 47 84 63
1927-28 93 87 1 216 97 78 37 101 81
1928-29 128 113 146 216 143 77 63 127 86
1929-30 108 | 105 80 193 135 58 113 83
1930-31 55 50 83 92 33 17 55 45
1931-32 52 70 95 100 88 143 47 17 76 56
1932-33 48 50 67 80 58 52 59 58
1933-34 | 45 35 52 116 88 62 33 62 59
1934-35 60 63 50 118 65 27 64 54
1935-36 83 67 52 116 82 47 38 69 66
1936-37 48 73 101 115 111 116 50 88 100
1937-38 85 65 42 100 32 43 61 41
1938-39 40 42 73 82 68 37 57 53
1939-40 37 67 97 95 166 100 85 52 42 82 54
1940-41 62 42 125 200 191 97 191 53 33 110 58
1941-42 57 88 83 87 206 116 60 60 95 74
1942-43 116 101 220 250 313 208 175 116 187 166
1943-44 153 146 181 290 166 151 141 140 123 163* 151*
Includes a July price relative of 140.










TABLE 69.-EGGPLANT: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS.
(Dollars per bushel)

Season Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. April May June July Simple Weighted
______ _____ __Avg. Avg. Fall Spring

1923-24 1.90 1.40 1.00 1.30 .75 1.10 1.20 1.00 1.00 1.18 1.10 1.50 1.00
1924-25 1.50 1.60 1.55 1.45 1.45 1.40 1.00 .60 .50 .50 1.16 .70 1.55 .60
1925-26 1.40 1.00 .60 1.25 2.00 1.90 2.00 2.00 1.75 1.20 1.51 1.20 .95 1.40 0
1926-27 1.55 1.70 1.55 1.55 1.55 1.65 1.50 1.00 1.20 1.00 1.42 1.28 1.60 1.20
1927-28 .85 .90 .75 1.20 1.60 1.70 1.40 1.10 .80 .80 1.11 .96 .90 1.00
1928-29 3.80 2.75 2.40 2.20 1.40 1.05 1.15 1.45 1.45 1.96 1.39 2.65 1.25
1929-30 .90 1.70 1.45 1.75 1.50 1.40 1.50 1.45 .90 .50 1.30 1.20 1.38 1.12
1930-31 .90 .60 .45 .80 1.25 1.60 1.70 1.70 1.20 .50 1.07 .82 .64 1.05
1931-32 1.10 1.35 .80 .90 .95 .80 .75 .55 .60 .50 .83 .75 1.00 .60
1932-33 .55 .50 1.00 1.00 .85 .75 .55 .45 .55 .50 .67 .58 .64 .55
1933-34 1.05 1.15 1.35 1.00 .95 .80 .65 .60 .55 .50 .86 .75 1.15 .64
1934-35 .50 .80 .55 1.35 1.60 1.25 1.15 .75 .80 .70 .94 .79 .60 .88 '
1935-36 1.55 1.70 1.35 .85 .85 1.00 .75 .65 .50 .50 .97 .85 1.65 .60
1936-37 .50 .85 .60 .50 .75 .85 .90 1.10 .70 .50 .72 .79 .70 .86
1937-38 1.45 1.40 1.10 1.20 1.25 .90 .55 .50 .65 .50 .95 .76 1.20 .55
1938-39 1.15 .65 .60 .55 .75 .85 .95 .70 .55 .75 .75 .75 .75
1939-40 1.30 1.40 1.20 .95 1.75 2.65 1.90 1.40 1.45 .80 1.48 1.43 1.30 1.55
1940-41 1.15 .90 1.10 1.20 1.55 1.85 1.75 1.40 1.00 .65 1.26 1.17 1.00 1.30
1941-42 .80 .80 .80 1.00 1.50 1.65 1.85 1.70 1.20 1.00 1.23 1.15 .90 1.40
1942-43 1.75 2.60 2.05 2.05 2.70 3.90 3.50 2.05 1.85 1.50 2.40 2.39 2.40 2.39
1943-44 3.00 3.00 2.00 2.70 2.25 1.95 1.10 1.85 1.40 1.25 2.05 1.85








Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 70.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA EGGPLANT PRICES.
(1924-1929 = 100)



Season .C C


1923-24 138 102 73 95 55 80 877373 86 80
1924-25 ........ 109 116 113 106 106 102 73 44 36 36 84 51
1925-26 ........ 102 73 44 91 146 1381 146 146 127 87 110 87
1926-27........ 113 124 113 113 113 120 109 73 87 73 104 93
1927-28 ........ 62 66 55 87 116 124 102 80 58 58 81 70
1928-29 ........ 277 200 175 160 102 76 84 106 106 143 101
1929-30 ........ 66 124 106 127 109 102 109 106 66 36 95 87
1930-31 ........ 66 44 33 58 91 116 124 124 87 36 78 60
1931-32 ........ 80 98 58 66 69 58 55 40 44 36 60 55
1932-33 ........ 40 36 73 73 62 55 40 33 40 36 49 42
1933-34........ 76 84 98 73 69 58 47 44 40 36 62 55
1934-35 ........ 36 58 40 98 116 91 84 55 58 51 69 57
1935-36....... 113 124 98 62 62 73 55 47 36 36 71 62
1936-37 ....... 36 62 44 36 55 62 66 80 51 36 53 57
1937-38 ........ 106 102 80 87 91 66 40 36 47 36 69 55
1938-39...... 84 47 44 40 55 62 69 51 40 55 55
1939-40 ........ 95 102 87 69 127 193 138 102 106 58 108 104
1940-41 ........ 84 66 80 87 113 135 127 102 73 47 91 85
1941-42 ..... 58 58 58 73 109 120 135 124 87 73 90 84
1942-43 ........ 127 189 149 149 197 284 255 149 135 109 174 174
1943-44 ....... 218 218 1461 197 164 142 80 135 102 91 149 135


TABLE 71.-LETTUCE*: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA FARMERS.
(Dollars per 4-6-dozen crate)


Season Oc
Season I Oct.


1923-24
1924-25
1925-26
1926-27
1927-28
1928-29
1929-30
1930-31
1931-32
1932-33
1933-34
1934-35
1935-36
1936-37
1937-38
1938-39
1939-40
1940-41
1941-42
1942-43
1943-44


Nov. Dec.
2.20 1.25
2.50 1.10
1.45 3.20
2.05 1.45
1.75 1.35
1.35 1.35
.90 2.65
1.00 .75
1.35 1.30
1.50
2.30 .75
1.30 1.45
1.35 .95
1.70 1.10
.65 .60
.80 1.55
.90 .75
.95 1.75
2.40 2.60
4.40 3.20
3.50 2.05


* Big Boston only.


Jan.
.70
1.25
2.65
1.75
1.90
1.05
2.65
.65
.90
1.05
.75
1.30
.80
.60
1.10
1.55
1.05
2.00
2.45
2.75
1.85


Feb. Mar.
1.30 1.95
1.70 1.60
1.95 3.10
1.35 1.45
1.60 2.20
1.75 1.40
1.80 1.80
.80 1.00
1.10 1.25
.65 .70
1.10 1.95
1.40 1.35
1.90 1.95
1.70 2.05
1.00 .95
1.70 1.25
1.80 1.00

2.45 2.85
4.15 3.55
2.35 2.25


Simple
[April May Average


2.00
.45
2.10
1.35
1.30
.95
1.85
.40

1.10
1.60

1.60
1.35
.65
1.45
1.50
2.30
3.00
4.75
1.00


Weighted
Average


1.30
1.40
2.20
1.60
1.70
1.29
2.20
.80
1.28
.96
1.10
1.35
1.25
1.15
.90
1.50
1.10
2.00
2.60
3.62
2.15


1


, ,







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 72.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA LETTUCE* PRICES.
(1924-1929 = 100)

I II Simple Weighted
Season Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. April May Average Average
1923-24 134 76 43 79 119 122 58 90 79
1924-25 152 67 76 104 98 27 87 85
1925-26 88 88 195 162 119 189 128 137 138 .134
1926-27 125 88 107 82 88 82 64 91 98
1927-28 107 82 116 98 134 79 103 104
1928-29 82 82 64 107 85 58 80 79
1929-30 55 162 162 110 110 113 119 134
1930-31 61 46 40 49 61 24 47 49
1931-32 82 79 55 67 76 72 78
1932-33 91 64 40 43 67 61 59
1933-34 140 46 46 67 119 98 86 67
1934-35 79 88 79 85 82 83 82
1935-36 82 58 49 116 119 98 87 76
1936-37 104 67 37 104 125 82 86 70
1937-38 40 37 67 61 58 40 50 55
1938-39 49 95 95 104 76 88 84 91
1939-40 55 46 64 110 61 91 71 67
1940-41 58 107 122 140 107 122
1941-42 146 159 149 149 174 183 160 159
1942-43 268 195 168 253 216 290 232 221
1943-44 213 125 113 143 137 61 132 131
Big Boston only.


TABLE 73.-PEAS, ENGLISH: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA FARMERS.
(Dollars per bushel)

I[ Simple Weighted
Season Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. ] Mar. April May Avg. Avg.
1923-24 5.25 3.20 2.50 4.10 4.00 3.40 3.40 3.69 3.70
1924-25 3.35 3.00 2.30 3.25 2.30 2.75 2.82 2.85
1925-26 2.15 3.55 2.95 2.45 2.15 2.65 2.65
1926-27 2.55 2.85 2.75 2.60 2.45 2.30 2.58 2.60
1927-28 2.00 2.85 4.55 3.20 2.30 1.95 1.90 2.68 2.50
1928-29 4.30 4.10 3.20 2.40 1.95 2.30 1.30 2.79 2.80
1929-30 2.50 2.50 2.50 2.15 2.25 3.10 2.00 2.43 2.40
1930-31 2.35 2.35 1.85 1.90 1.55 2.00 1.85
1931-32 2.10 2.80 2.00 1.70 1.75 1.50 1.98 2.00
1932-33 2.00 2.00 1.30 1.60 1.70 1.75 1.72 1.60
1933-34 1.30 1.25 1.00 .85 1.00 1.08 1.10
1934-35 2.05 2.15 2.05 1.10 1.15 1.40 1.65 1.30
1935-36 1.85 1.65 1.15 .80 1.15 1.32 1.00
1936-37 1.50 .80 1.30 2.55 3.00 1.95 1.85 1.35
1937-38 1.15 1.35 1.10 1.10 1.40 1.50 1.27 1.15
1938-39 2.10 2.80 1.45 1.40 1.80 2.50 2.01 1.80
1939-40 1.65 1.10 1.10 2.00 1.90 1.80 1.59 1.30
1940-41 1.90 1.85 2.60 1.80 1.45 2.25 1.98 1.95
1941-42 2.60 1.40 1.80 1.35 1.60 1.80 1.76 1.55
1942-43 2.75 3.05 2.50 2.35 3.10 3.30 2.84 2.60
1943-44 4.50 3.95 3.65 2.80 2.00 1.95 3.14 3.00







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 74.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA ENGLISH PEAS PRICES.
(1924-1929= 100)
Simple Weighted
Season Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. April May Avg. Avg.

1923-24 188 114 89 146 143 121 121 132 132
1924-25 120 107 82 116 82 98 101 102
1925-26 77 127 105 88 77 95 95
1926-27 91 102 98 93 88 82 92 93
1927-28 71 102 162 114 82 70 68 96 89
1928-29 154 146 114 86 70 82 46 100 100
1929-30 89 89 89 77 80 111 71 87 86
1930-31 84 84 66 68 55 71 66
1931-32 75 100 71 61 62 54 70 71
1932-33 71 71 46 57 61 62 61 57
1933-34 46 45 36 30 36 39 39
1934-35 73 77 73 39 41 50 59 46
1935-36 66 59 41 29 41 47 36
1936-37 54 29 46 91 107 70 66 48
1937-38 41 48 39 39 50 54 45 41
1938-39 75 100 52 50 64 89 72 64
1939-40 59 39 39 71 68 64 57 46
1940-41 68 66 93 64 52 80 71 70
1941-42 93 50 64 48 57 64 63 55
1942-43 98 109 89 84 111 118 102 93
1943-44 161 141 130 100 71 70 112 107










TABLE 75.-PEPPERS: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS.
(Dollars per bushel)

Season Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. April May June July Simple Weighted
________ _____ I Avg. Avg. Fall I Winter Spring
1923-24 1.50 1.85 1.15 .95 1.50 1.15 1.35 1.55 .95 1.33 1.25 1.40 1.20
1924-25 .85 2.05 2.40 2.10 2.25 1.90 1.85 1.50 .80 1.74 1.64 2.20 1.50
1925-26 1.50 1.30 1.75 1.40 2.80 2.70 2.60 2.60 1.90 2.06 1.91 1.50 2.15
1926-27 1.20 1.60 1.85 1.40 2.20 1.40 1.05 1.80 1.20 1.62 1.46 1.70 1.40
1927-28 .60 .95 .65 1.55 2.00 1.95 1.25 1.15 1.15 1.25 1.26 .95 1.35
1928-29 4.80 5.05 3.20 1.70 1.30 1.75 1.75 1.05 2.58 1.59 4.45 1.43 1.42
1929-30 2.40 2.40 2.60 2.70 2.50 1.45 1.45 1.20 2.09 1.74 2.44 1.90 1.30
1930-31 .70 .60 .85 .95 .95 1.90 1.90 1.50 1.20 1.17 1.20 .76 1.40 1.30
1931-32 | .80 1.00 .85 .85 .80 1.35 1.35 .85 .80 .96 .99 1.00 1.05 .85
1932-33 .67 .90 1.65 .75 .45 .40 .50 .45 .60 .71 .58 1.15 .48 .46
1933-34 .85 1.35 1.40 1.00 1.90 1.85 1.20 .95 .55 1.23 1.16 1.30 1.50 1.00
1934-35 .45 .75 .70 2.10 1.85 1.10 1.40 .90 1.20 1.16 1.11 .75 1.50 1.10
1935-36 1.60 1.95 2.65 2.00 1.95 1.60 .90 .65 .35 1.52 .87 1.95 1.60 .58
1936-37 .55 1.05 1.15 .85 1.00 1.35 1.40 2.00 1.20 1.17 1.20 1.05 1.10 1.50
1937-38 1.00 1.20 1.50 1.55 1.00 .65 .65 .50 .55 .35 .90 .77 1.35 .80 .50
1938-39 .85 .80 1.45 1.05 1.15 1.80 1.60 .85 1.40 1.22 1.25 1.10 1.40 1.15
1939-40 1.20 1.40 1.25 1.35 3.85 4.80 3.35 1.90 1.00 .45 2.06 1.53 1.35 2.85 1.15
1940-41 .80 .90 1.25 1.70 2.20 1.70 2.75 2.55 .85 .50 1.52 1.56 1.35 2.15 1.35
1941-42 1.50 1.35 1.05 1.35 2.05 1.85 3.00 2.00 1.40 1.73 1.75 1.30 2.05 1.80
1942-43 2.25 1.70 1.50 2.25 3.45 4.90 3.75 3.60 2.75 2.91 2.93 1.80 3.35 3.30
1943-44 3.00 2.35 2.30 3.20 2.30 1.65 1.60 2.75 1.55 2.30 2.15







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 76.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA PEPPER PRICES.
(1924-1929 = 100)



) 0 z 4 4
Season a E a 5 .


1923-24 ..... 85 105 65 54 85 65 76 88 54 75 71
1924-25 ...... 48 116 136 119 127 107 105 85 45 99 93
1925-26 ...... 85 73 99 79 158 153 147 147 107 116 108
1926-27 ..... 68 90 105 79 124 79 59 102 68 86 82
1927-28 ...... 34 54 37 88 113 110 71 65 65 71 71
1928-29 ..... 271 285 181 96 73 99 99 59 145 90
1929-30 ...... 136 136 147 153 141 82 82 68 118 98
1930-31 ...... 40 34 48 54 54 107 107 85 68 66 68
1931-32 ...... 45 56 48 48 45 76 76 48 45 54 56
1932-33 ...... 38 51 93 42 25 23 28 25 34 40 33
1933-34 .... 48 76 79 56 107 105 68 54 31 69 66
1934-35 ..... 25 42 40 119 105 62 79 51 68 66 63
1935-36 .... 90 110 150 113 110 90 51 37 20 86 49
1936-37 ...... 31 59 65 48 56 76 79 113 68 66 68
1937-38 ..... 56 68 85 88 56 37 37 28 31 20 51 44
1938-39 ...... 48 45 82 59 65 102 90 48 79 69 71
1939-40 ...... 68 79 71 76 218 271 189 107 56 25 116 86
1940-41 ...... 45 51 71 96 124 96 155 144 48 28 86 88
1941-42 ...... 85 76 59 76 116 105 169 113 79 98 99
1942-43 ..... 127 96 85 127 195 277 212 203 155 164 166
1943-44 ...... 169 133 130 181 130 93 90 155 88 130 121

TABLE 77.-POTATOES (EARLY IRISH): PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA
FARMERS, 15TH OF EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per bushel)


Year z g .
411, %Bt~
___ FI- W4 m .~ O ~ Z l m~ _


1.40 1.25 1.22
1.32 1.27 1.38
1.40 1.23 1.18
1.48 1.38 1.02
1.55 1.48 1.41
1.24 1.28 1.24
1.33 1.45 1.32
1.20 1.16 1.08
1.48 1.52 1.42
2.98 2.56 2.49
1.75 1.55 1.35
3.00 2.43 1.84
5.00 4.50 4.00
2.50 1.87 2.35
2.00 1.76 1.51
3.50 2.51 2.06
4.05 2.35 1.97
2.90 1.84 1.35
3.30 3.00 3.06
3.07 1.75 1.72
2.65 2.60 1.22
2.00 1.83 1.53
2.25 1.90 1.65
1.80 1.30 .90


1.15 1.18
1.30 1.30
1.28 1.24
1.20 1.40
1.32 1.19
1.12 1.19
1.30 1.32
.98 1.02
1.40 1.32
2.36 2.22
1.25 1.56
2.36 2.32
3.42 2.96
1.41 1.74
1.82 1.84
1.64 2.06
1.70 1.61
1.63 2.40
2.60 2.40
2.40 2.20
1.45 1.10
1.60 1.85
1.65 1.55
.90 1.05


1.30 1.301
1.20 1.27[_
1.07 1.25
1.45 1.32
1.08 1.33
1.14 1.19 '
1.08 1.26 '-
1.08 1.07 LJ
1.96 1.48
1.95 2.331
2.00 1.741
2.23 2.26
1.85 3.15
1.98 1.85
1.68 1.74
2.00 2.10
1.80 1.99
1.44 2.321
1.90 2.52
1.60 1.91
1.25 1.70 1.48
2.20 1.79 1.81
1.60 1.85 1.82
1.00 1.22 1.07


1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931


1.36 1.50
1.12 1.20
1.28 1.42
1.27 1.42
1.42 1.49
1.13 1.22
1.25 1.28
1.07 1.16
1.20 1.42
1.96 2.50
2.08 2.54
2.00 2.05
2.36 2.92
1.64 1.66
1.85 1.74
1.73 1.78
1.80 2.00
2.50 3.40
2.50 2.50
1.60 2.00
2.60 2.50
1.25 2.30
2.55 2.55
1.60 1.90


' ~ '







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 77.-POTATO PRICES-- (Concluded).

Year 0

1932 1.50 1.35 1.25 1.40 1.251 .941 .80 .901 .85 .651 .801 2.00 1.141 1.28
1933 1.45 1.10 .88 .84 .75 .90 1.30 1.55 1.50 1.10 1.00 1.75 1.18 .85
1934 1.40 1.10 1.14 1.14 1.10 .95 1.00 1.05 1.05 .90 1.00 1.00 1.07 1.13
1935 1.05 1.00 1.05 1.45 .80 .80 .95 .96 .80 .95 .90 1.70 1.03 1.05
1936 1.75 1.25 1.35 1.50 1.48 1.48 1.60 1.45 1.40 1.35 1.30 1.45 1.45 1.44
1937 1.40 1.45 1.60 1.30 1.10 1.10 1.00 1.00 .90 .90 10 1.0.0 1.15 1.32
1938 1.05 .80 .60 .70 .70 .60 .60 .85 .70 .80 .90 1.30 .80 .71
1939 1.15 1.10 1.35 1.35 .70 .60 1.10 .85 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.401 1.06 1.13
1940 1.20 1.40 1.70 1.15 .75 .85 1.00 .95 .90 .90 .95 1.05 1.07 .92
1941 .93 .95 .95 1.00 .82 .70 .95 .95 .95 1.20 1.30 1.45 1.01 .90
1942 1.30 1.40 1.60 1.85 1.44 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.70 1.52 1.54
1943 1.80 2.00 2.00 2.25 1.93 2.03 2.05 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.20 2.02 1.96
1944 2.35 2.95 3.10 3.00 2.20 2.00

TABLE 78.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA EARLY IRISH POTATO PRICES.
(1924-1929 = 100)


67 74 69 61 60
55 59 65 62 68
63 70 69 60 58
62 70 73 68 50
70 73 76 73 69
55 60 61 63 61
61 63 65 71 65
52 57 59 57 53
59 70 73 75 70
96 123 146 126 122
103 125 86 76 66
98 101 147 119 90
116 143 245 221 196
80 81 123 92 115
91 85 98 86 74
85 87 172 123 101
88 98 199 115 97
123 167 142 90 66
123 123 162 147 150
78 98 151 86 84
128 123 130 128 60
61 113 98 90 75
125 125 110 93 81
78 93 88 64 44
74 66 61 69 61
71 54 43 41 37
69 54 56 56 54
51 49 51 71 39
86 61 66 74 73
69 71 78 64 54
51 39 29 34 34
56 54 66 66 34
59 69 83 56 37
47 47 47 49 40
64 69 78 91 71
88 981 98 110 95
115 145 152 147 108


*" I & I s a) Wa

S U 0 z Q V2
t; B e1 w


66
64
55
69
58
59
61
50
69
103
82
115
124
97
81
107
74
147
108
88
56
83
78
51
42
74
51
39
69
44
34
49
44
47
74
98


Year


1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


' '







88 Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

TABLE 79.-STRAWBERRIES: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA FARMERS.
(Dollars per 24-quart crate)



Se 0 C ds
Season

z ___ _____ ___ ^ 1923-24 ........ 12.50 5.90 6.80 9.10 5.00 7.86 6.50
1924-25 ........ 12.35 5.50 6.50 6.50 5.50 7.27 6.25
1925-26 ........ 43.20 13.20 9.60 8.15 6.95 6.00 14.52 8.40
1926-27 ........ 30.00 16.30 13.45 6.50 5.05 6.00 2.40 11.39 6.95
1927-28 ........ 26.40 15.60 12.00 8.40 6.00 6.00 12.40 8.40
1928-29 ........ 43.20 16.80 6.45 5.30 5.30 3.85 4.80 12.24 5.30
1929-30 ....... 9.60 7.90 6.70 6.00 5.05 5.30 6.76 6.70
1930-31 ........ 14.40 8.40 7.00 5.50 2.90 2.40 6.77 5.60
1931-32 ........ 4.80 3.85 4.80 7.20 4.80 2.90 4.72 4.80
1932-33 ........ 6.45 3.60 2.40 3.35 2.65 3.85 3.72 3.00
1933-34 ........ 5.75 4.80 3.85 4.55 3.35 4.46 4.20
1934-35 ........ 19.20 5.25 4.05 5.00 3.80 7.46 4.30
1935-36 ........ 12.70 6.50 5.00 4.05 2.65 6.18 4.10
S1936-37 ........ 7.70 4.30 4.55 6.25 4.30 5.42 4.80
1937-38 ........ 7.65 5.55 3.85 3.50 3.35 4.78 4.00
1938-39 ........ 5.65 4.90 3.80 4.30 3.75 4.00 4.40 4.15
1939-40 ........ 7.90 7.20 8.55 5.35 3.45 2.80 5.88 4.65
"1940-41 ........ 6.75 6.75 6.90 6.70 4.00 2.65 5.62 5.70
1941-42 ........ 8.50 6.85 6.50 7.75 4.80 6.88 6.50
1942-43 ........ 7.00 9.65 10.40 12.20 7.85 9.42 9.60
1943-44 ........ 14.25 13.85 10.95 11.40 9.60 12.01 11.30


TABLE 80.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA STRAWBERRY PRICi S.
(1924-1929 = 100)



Season z g ."s"
z 9 Pa -el a 1 _:
1923-24 ........ 113 53 61 82 45 71 59
1924-25 ........ 111 50 59 59 50 66 56
1925-26 ........ 389 119 86 73 63 54 131 76
1926-27 ..... 270 147 121 59 45 54 22 103 63
1927-28 ........ 238 141 108 76 54 54 112 76
1928-29 ........ 389 151 58 48 48 35 43 110 48
1929-30 ........ 86 71 60 54 45 48 61 60
1930-31 ........ 130 76 63 50 26 22 61 50
1931-32 ........ 43 35 43 65 43 26 42 43
1932-33 ........ 58 32 22 30 24 35 34 27
1933-34 ........ 52 43 35 41 30 40 38
1934-35 ........ 173 47 36 45 34 67 39
1935-36 ........ 114 59 45 36 24 56 37
1936-37 ........ 69 39 41 56 39 49 43
1937-38 ........ 69 50 35 32 30 43 36
1938-39 ........ 51 44 34 39 34 36 40 37
1939-40 ........ 71 65 77 48 31 25 53 42
1940-41 ....... 61 61 62 60 36 24 51 51
1941-42 ........ 77 62 59 70 43 62 59
1942-43 ...... 63 87 94 110 71 85 86
1943-44 ........ 128 125 99 103 86__ 108 102







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE


81.-TOMATOES: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA
FARMERS.
(Dnllanra npr bhenhPl)


Weighted

Season z


1921-22 ........ 1.65 5.00 2.90 3.45 2.35 2.35 2.75 1.70 2.77 2.52
1922-23 ........ 2.80 3.05 2.95 2.40 1.85 2.55 2.80 3.30 2.71 2.52
1923-24 ........ 4.10 2.65 1.85 2.40 3.50 2.40 2.05 2.71 2.50 2.40 2.55
1924-25 ........ 4.70 4.20 3.75 2.80 3.85 3.60 2.90 2.15 3.49 3.15 3.55 2.90
1925-26 ........ 2.95 4.00 6.00 3.60 4.50 4.80 4.25 2.35 4.06 4.10 4.65 3.75
1926-27 ........ 6.10 5.05 3.10 1.80 1.90 2.10 1.30 3.05 2.02 2.00 2.05
1927-28 ........ 4.40 3.70 2.65 4.00 4.00 2.95 2.55 2.40 3.33 2.85 3.75 3.00 2.65
1928-29 ........ 4.30 3.70 2.35 2.70 2.70 3.70 2.70 3.16 3.00 3.85 2.80 3.05
1929-30 ........ 4.20 4.60 5.15 4.45 3.50 3.55 3.95 2.20 3.95 3.79 4.40 3.60 4.00
1930-31 ........ 1.85 3.30 1.35 2.40 2.45 2.35 1.70 .45 1.98 1.87 3.00 2.15 1.40
1931-32 ........ 2.85 3.50 2.10 1.60 1.50 2.55 2.70 2.70 2.44 2.13 4.00 1.80 2.50
1932-33 ........ 2.05 2.40 1.65 1.40 1.35 1.65 1.45 1.71 1.56 2.35 1.50 1.50
1933-34 ........ 2.80 3.00 2.40 1.75 2.00 2.65 2.90 1.95 2.43 2.39 2.90 2.20 2.90
1934-35 ........ 2.75 2.10 3.10 3.85 2.80 1.65 2.40 1.15 2.48 2.05 2.35 2.00 2.10
1935-36 ........ 3.65 2.40 1.60 2.25 3.05 3.30 2.75 1.55 2.57 2.77 2.65 2.90 2.65
1936-37 ........ 3.00 2.40 2.50 2.30 3.00 2.90 3.10 2.60 2.72 2.76 2.65 2.65 3.00
1937-38 ........ 4.25 3.00 2.55 2.00 1.55 1.75 1.50 1.40 2.25 1.73 3.20 1.70 1.60
1938-39 ........ 2.35 3.25 2.75 2.00 2.55 2.55 2.45 2.00 2.49 2.47 3.00 2.40 2.50
1939-40 ....... 3.40 2.90 2.25 4.50 5.75 2.45 1.30 3.22 2.53 2.85 3.15 2.05
1940-41 ...... 3.90 2.20 2.85 3.15 3.90 5.00 3.35 2.40 3.34 3.10 2.60 3.20 3.25
1941-42 ........ 3.35 3.50 4.35 4.45 3.15 4.40 4.30 2.50 3.75 3.92 3.45 4.00 4.00
1942-43 ........ 5.80 5.40 5.90 6.10 6.40 7.00 3.85 3.30 5.47 5.30 5.60 6.15 4.35
1943-44 ........ 4.65 5.00] 6.25 7.25 5.65 4.75 5.95 4.00 5.44 5.75

TABLE 82.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA TOMATO PRICES.
(1924-1929 = 100)

S S,
Season
0 C) Cd Ei
Z :_ J -4J 4t4 J _JI_ '-ik __
1921-22 ............. 49 149 87 103 70 70 82 51 83 75
1922-23 .............. 84 91 88 72 55 76 84 98 81 75
1923-24 .............. 122 79 55 72 104 72 61 81 75
1924-25 .............. 140 125 112 84 115 107 87 64 104 94
1925-26 ............ 88 119 179 107 134 143 127 70 121 122
1926-27 .............. 182 151 92 54 57 63 39 91 60
1927-28 ............ 131 110 79 119 119 88 76 72 99 85
1928-29 .............. 128 110 70 81 81 110 81 94 89
1929-30 .............. 125 137 154 133 104 106 118 66 118 113
1930-31 ......... 55 98 40 72 73 70 51 13 59 56
1931-32 .............. 85 104 63 48 45 76 81 81 73 64
1932-33 .............. 61 72 49 42 40 49 43 51 47
1933-34 ............ 84 89 72 52 60 79 87 58 73 71
1934-35 .............. 82 63 92 115 84 49 72 34 74 61
1935-36 .............. 109 72 48 67 91 98 82 46 77 83
1936-37 .............. 89 72 75 69 89 87 92 78 81 82
1937-38 .............. 127 89 76 60 46 52 45 42 67 52
1938-39 .............. 70 97 82 60 76 76 73 60 74 74
1939-40 .............. 101 87 67 134 172 73 39 96 75
1940-41 .............. 116 66 85 94 116 149 100 72 100 92
1941-42 .............. 100 104 130 133 94 131 128 75 112 117
1942-43 .............. 173 161 176 182 191 209 115 98 163 158
1943-44 .............. 139 149 186 216 169 142 178 119 162 172







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 83.-WATERMELONS: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA FARMERS.
(Dollars per 1,000 melons)


Season May June July Simple Weighted
Average Average
1922.23 .......... 450 335 130 305 326
1923-24 ......... 500 300 75 292 210
1924-25 ......... 500 330 220 350 320
1925-26 ........ 700 240 105 348 182
1926-27 .......... 350 200 120 223 218
1927-28 .......... 450 250 120 273 215
1928-29 ......... 340 250 180 257 278
1929-30 .......... 650 280 60 330 250
1930-31 .......... 215 130 172 200
1931-32 .......... 365 140 50 185 160
1932-33 .......... 250 220 50 173 200
1933-34 .......... 350 175 140 222 185
1934-35 .......... 215 85 70 123 110
1935-36 .......... 420 200 130 250 200
1936-37 .......... 425 285 60 257 240
1937-38 .......... 200 135 90 142 150
1938-39 .........1 175 190 85 150 180
1939-40 ......... 290 224 50 188 175
1940-41 .......... 550 209 130 296 210
1941-42 .......... 550 230 150 310 225
1942-43 .......... 900 655 325 627 650
1943-44 .......... 705 670 400 592 655

TABLE 84.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA WATERMELON PRICES.
(1924-1929 = 100)

I Simple Weighted
Season May June July Average Average
19_2-23 ........ 155 115 45 105 112
1923-24 ......... 172 103 26 100 72
1924-25 ......... 172 114 76 121 110
1925-26 .......... 241 83 36 120 63
1926-27 ......... 120 69 41 77 75
1927-28 .......... 155 86 41 94 74
1928-29 ......... 117 86 62 88 96
1929-30 ........ 224 96 21 114 86
1930-31 .......... 74 45 60 69
1931-32 .........- 126 48 17 64 55
1932-33 .......-.. 86 76 17 60 69
1933-34 ....... 120 60 48 76 64
1934-35 ......... 74 29 24 42 38
1935-36 .......... 145 69 45 86 69
1936-37 ........ 146 98 21 88 83
1937-38 .......... 69 46 31 49 52
1938-39 .......... 60 65 29 51 62
1939-40 .......... 100 77 17 65 60
1940-41 .......... 189 72 45 102 72
1941-42 .......... 189 79 52 107 77
1942-43 .......... 310 225 112 216 224
1943-44 .......... 243 231 138 204 225







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 85.-TURKEYS: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Cents per pound)
Season ) Sept. Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April May I Junel July I Aug. Avg.


1912-13 ........
1913-14 ........
1914-15 ........
1915-16 .-.....
1916-17 ........
1917-18 ........
1918-19 .......
1919-20 .......
1920-21 .......
1921-22 ........
1922-23 .......
1923-24 .....
1924-25 .......
1925-26 ........
1926-27 .......
1927-28 ........
1928-29 .-.....
1929-30 ........
1930-31 .......
1931-32 ........
1932-33 ......-
1933-34 .......
1934-35 ........
1935-36 ........
1936-37 ........
1937-38 ....... 19.(
1938-39 ........ 20.(
1939-40 ....-... 20.(
1940-41 ........ 20.(
1941-42 ........ 20.
1942-43 .......26.(
1943-44 ........ 34.(


17.6
17.4
17.0
18.6
17.2
21.3
26.5
33.0
38.0
30.0
30.0

35.0
30.0

35.0
34.0
34.0
27.0
22.0
19.0
15.0
18.0
19.0
20.0
S21.0
S21.0
S20.0
20.0
)21.0
S27.0
) 35.0


TABLE 86.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA TURKEY PRICES.
(1912-1914 = 100)
Season ISept. Oct. I Nov. I Dec. Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April May Junel July I Aug. I Avg.

1912-13 .... 94 91 109 102 99
1913-14 ........ 93 98 101 107 100
1914-15 ........ 91 105 107 100 101
1915-16 ...... 100 98 103 94 99
1916-17 ....... 92 102 107 102 101
1917-18 ........ 114 134 132 145 131
1918-19 ....... 142 155 172 156 156
1919-20 ........ 177 188 188 208 190
1920-21 ...... 204 204 193 172 193
1921-22 ....... 161 161 166 166 164
1922-23 ........ 161 172 177 193 176
1923-24 ........ 172 188 204 188
1924-25 ........ 188 198 193 170 187
1925-26 ....... 161 188 182 220 188
1926-27 ........ 206 204 188 199
1927-28 ....... 188 193 193 182 189
1928-29 ........ 182 177 198 182 185
1929-30 ........ 182 177 172 166 174
1930-31 ........ 145150 139 139 143







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 86.-RELATIVES OF TURKEY PRICES (Concluded).
Season I Sept.I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I Junel July I Aug. I Avg.
1931-32 ........ 118 118 113 118 117
1932-33 ....... 102 91 91 91 86 91 86 91
1933-34 ...... 80 86 86 80 8 80 86 83
1934-35 ........ 97 102 97 102 107 102 91 100
1935-36 ..... 102 113 118 113 113 107 107 110
1936-37 ...... 107 113 107 107 97 107] 106
1937-38 ....... 102 113 118 118 118 113 107 107 107 107 107 102 110
1938-39 .... 107 113 107 107 113 107 107 113 113 113 107 102 109
1939-40 ..... 107 107 107 113 107 107 102 107 107 107 113 107 108
1940-41 ......107 107 107 113 107 102 102 107 102 107 107 107 106
1941-42 .... 107 113 118 123 123 123 118 121 126 123 123 1341 121
1942-43 ...... 139 145 160 164 153 155 166 166 172 182 182 1881 164
1943-44 ........ 182 188 198 214 214 __

TABLE 87.-HORSES: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per head)


Year I Jan. I Feb. | Mar. IApril May I Junel July I Aug. ISept.I Oct. I
112--------0-15I
1910 ..... 112 150 150 155 175 150 145 150 151 155
1911 ........... 167 155 155 159 150 144 150 140 153 148
1912 ....... 155 153 154 157 135 150 153 149 149 151
1913 .......... 150 151 147 140 138 146 145 145 144 150
1914...... 1441 150 145 145 146 145 148 145 145 140
1915 ............145 145 135 142 145 136 143 138 135 130
1916 ............138 144 136 132 140 145 142 135 151 142
1917......... 154 145 144 153 155 136 140 139 144 144
1918............ 155 160 150 153 158 153 159 158 158 158
1919 ......... 153 140 159 152 168 165 162 167 167 162
1920 ............180 157 167 172 170 168 168 169 166 168
1921 ..... 140 141 138 150 140 138 135 135 128 128
1922 .........120 121 120 122 120 123 122 115 120 125
1923 ......... 125 123 125 132 133 130 120 124 116 110
1924 ..... 100 97 100 98 100 98 100 97 95 90
1925 ........... 90 95 108 108 100 89 100 87 93 98
1926 ........... 85 87 100 98 90 100 100 130 100 80
1927 ...... 100 90 100 90 94 100 100 99 100 90
1928 ........ 951 93 93 92 90 92 96 100 95 97
1929..... 95! 93 96 96 96 91 91 91 91 91
1930 ............ 89! 85 85 84 89 91 91 90 88 86
1931 ............ 82 78 79 80 80 78 75 73 71 67
1932 ............ 74 70 69 65 62 66 63 67 62 65
1933 ........... 58 54 57 62 66 68 63 68 70 69
1934 ..........71 76 80 81 77 75 78 81 76 78
1935 ......... 78 79 84 84 85 87 85 87 85 90
1936 ............ 91 91 91 94 93 97 95 96 95 98
1937 .......... 100 102 102 101 100 100 105 103 100 100
1938 ............ 96 96 100 100 100 98 98 100 91 88
1939 ............ 95 921 97 100 97 988 9 3 89 92
1940 ............ 95 93 93 90 90 87 85 85 85 87
1941 ............ 88 89 89 91 89 90 91 85 87 87
1942 ....... 95 97 100 97 100 105 105 105 110 105
1943 ............ 105 106[ 112 114 115 120 120 1191 121 122
1944 ......... 122 122! 122 120 1221 1151


Nov.


I Dec. I Avg.

S165 152
146 152
140 149
148 146
143 145
140 139
142 141
150 146
159 156
161 160
143 165
1281 136
120 121
105 120
90 96
87 94
100 97
97 96
90 94
89 93
82 87
.73 76
61 66
1 68 64
178 77
S89 85
104 96
S93 100
90 95
S95 95
86 89
85 88
S105 102
1181 116
1







Florida Farm Prices


TABLE 88.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA HORSE PRICES.
(1910-1914 = 100)
Year I Jan. I Feb. I Mar. I Aprill May I Junel July I Aug. I Sept. Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1910 ......... 75 101 101 104 118 101 98 101 102 104 108 111 102
1911 .........112 104 104 107 101 97 101 94 103 100 103 98 102
1912 ....... 104 103 104 106 91 101 103 100 100 102 94 94 100
1913 ...... 101 102 99 94 93 98 98 98 97 101 98 100 98
1914 .......... 97 101 98 98 98 98 100 98 98 94 95 96 98
1915 ............ 98 98 91 96 98 92 96 93 91 88 88 94 94
1916 ........... 93 97 92 89 94 98 96 91 102 96 99 96 95
1917 ............ 104 98 97 103 104 92 94 94 97 97 101 101 98
1918 ............ 104 108 101 103 106 103 107 106 106 106 106 107 105
1919 ......... 103 94 107 102 113 111 109 112 112 109 109 108 107
1920 .......... 121 106 112 116 114 113 113 114 112 113 101 96 111
1921 .......... 94 95 93 101 94 93 91 91 86 86 84 86 91
1922 ............ 81 81 81 82 81 83 82 77 81 84 84 81 82
1923 ............ 84 83 84 89 90 88 81 84 78 74 67 71 81
1924 ............ 67 65 67 66 67 66 67 65 64 61 57 61 64
1925 ............ 61 64 73 73 67 60 67 59 63 66 51 59 64
1926 ..-........ 57 59 67 66 61 67 67 88 67 54 65 67 65
1927 ............ 67 61 67 61 63 67 67 67 67 61 66 65 65
1928 ........... 64 63 63 62 61 62 65 67 64 65 62 61 63
1929 ............ 64 63 65 65 65 61 61 61 61 61 61 60 62
1930 ............ 60 57 57 57 60 61 61 61 59 58 55 55 58
1931 ............ 55 53 53 54 54 53 51 49 48 45 48 49 51
1932 .......... 50 47 46 44 42 44 42 45 42 44 44 41 44
1933 ........... 39 36 38 42 44 46 42 46 47 46 46 46 43
1934 ............ 48 51 54 55 52 51 53 55 51 53 53 53 52
1935 .......... 53 53 57 57 57 59 57 59 57 61 59 60 57
1936 ............ 61 61 61 63 63 65 64 65 64 66 69 70 64
1937 ............ 67 69 69 68 67 67 71 69 67 67 64 63 67
1938 ............ 65 65 67 67 67 66 66 67 61 59 59 61 64
1939 ............ 64 62 65 67 65 66 66 63 60 62 64 64 64
1940 ............ 64 63 63 61 61 59 57 57 57 59 59 58 60
1941 ............ 59 60 60 61 60 61 61 57 59 59 61 57 60
1942 ............ 64 65 67 65 67 71 71 71 74 71 71 71 69
1943 .......... 71 71 75 77 77 81 81 80 81 82 82 79 78
1944 ............ 82 82 82 81 82 77
TABLE 89.-MULES: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF
EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per head)
Year I Jan. IFeb. I Mar. April May I Junel July I Aug. Sept.I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.
1926 ...... 108 122 140 126 131 121 125 140 162 135 125 130 130
1927 ......... 140 130 130 120 127 135 125 135 130 135 140 130 131
1928 ......... 135 145 140 137 135 137 140 140 140 135 138 137 138
1929 ........... 135 133 136 136 140 135 130 131 130 135 135 131 134
1930 ........ 127 131 126 122 120 120 125 123 123 123 120 115 123
1931 .. 119 112 113 118 114 110 110 105 100 99 100 105 109
1932 ........... 100 91 100 90 90 85 83 88 83 86 90 85 89
1933 .... 83 78 80 83 88 92 93 93 97 95 97 102 90
1934 ....... 100 107 110 111 106 109 104 108 111 111 109 111 108
1935 ..... 113 115 122 122 120 124 126 122 121 123 121 121 121
1936 ........... 125 129 131 136 132 127 130 130 130 133 142 136 132
1937 ...... 137 150 154 147 138 141 145 150 140 140 135 130 142
1938 ............ 135 135 135 137 143 134 138 140 131 134 130 134 136
1939 ............ 136 136 130 136 135 135 132 132 126 131 127 123 132
1940 ......... 124 122 126 125 125 120 117 119 124 124 122 124 123
1941 ......... 123 118 123 122 122 118 120 114 123 120 115 115 119
1942 ........ 120 125 135 128 145 145 140 145 150 150 145 140 139
1943 ........... 145 150 150 160 155 165 165 160 157 160 170 160 158
1944.........165 160 162 162 170 165







94 Florida Agricultural Experiment Station















TABLE 90.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA MULE PRICES.
(1926-1929 = 100)


Year


1926 ........ 81
1927 ............ 105
1928 ......... 101
1929 ......... 101
1930 ......... 95
1931 ........... 89
1932 ........ 75
1933 ........ 62
1934 .......... 75
1935 ............ 85
1936 ........... 94
1937 ........ 103
1938 ............ 101
1939 ............ 102
1940 ........ 93
1941 ......... 92
1942 .. ..... 90
1943 ............ 109
1944 ............ 124


I Jan. I Feb. I Mar.I Aprill May Junel July I Aug. Sept.I Oct. I Nov. I Dec. I Avg.


91 105 94
97 97 90
109 105 103
100 102 102
98 94 91
84 85 88
68 75 67
58 60 62
80 82 83
86 91 91
97 98 102
112 115 110
101 101 103
102 97 102
91 94 94
88 92 91
94 101 96
112 112 120
1201 121 121


98 91 94
95 101 94
101 103 105
105 101 97
90 90 94
85 82 82
67 64 62
66 69 70
79 82 78
90 93 94
99 95 97
103 106 109
107 100 103
101 101 99
94 90 88
91 88 90
109 109 105
116 124 124
1271 124


' '


Year





TABLE 91.-MILK COWS: PRICES RECEIVED BY FLORIDA FARMERS, 15TH OF EACH MONTH.
(Dollars per head)


Year

1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944


Mar. I April


Jan. Feb.

42.00 37.90
39.00 40.00
35.00 39.50
42.00 40.00
47.30 47.90
48.00 46.00
45.20 46.40
50.00 50.50
53.00 57.20
80.00 71.00
102.70 85.20
65.00 63.00
60.00 58.00
61.00 58.00
55.00 50.00
65.00 63.00
57.00 58.00
65.00 70.00
70.00 65.00
64.00 68.00
64.00 63.00
59.00 61.00
46.00 46.00
39.00 37.00
40.00 44.00
41.00 41.00
43.00 41.00
46.00 47.00
48.00 46.00
46.00 43.00
44.00 43.00
46.00 45.00
55.00 57.00
71.00 77.00
90.00 94.00


30.00
40.50
43.00
40.60
46.10
43.20
46.60
49.40
60.70
89.00
85.90
65.00
57.00
57.20
53.00
70.00
58.00
70.00
65.00
68.00
61.00
55.00
47.00
39.00
39.00
41.00
40.00
47.00
46.00
43.00
44.00
46.00
59.00
86.00
95.00


May I June


30.00
40.00
44.10
38.70
44.30
46.00
49.00
56.30
67.20
83.40
90.20
65.00
58.00
62.00
50.00
75.00
70.00
76.00
66.00
65.00
60.00
55.00
46.00
35.00
38.00
41.00
43.00
46.00
48.00
45.00
45.00
48.00
57.00
86.00
97.00


33.30
40.00
38.00
40.00
43.80
50.00
46.00
58.60
68.30
85.00
101.10
62.00
55.00
57.00
55.00
75.00
65.00
77.00
67.00
71.00
65.00
58.00
42.00
38.00
36.00
41.00
43.00
45.00
48.00
46.00
46.00
47.00
59.00
90.00
98.00


35.00
40.00
44.00
42.40
45.40
50.00
52.60
51.20
65.30
83.00
90.00
64.00
52.00
57.80
56.00
67.50
65.00
74.00
70.00
69.00
65.00
59.00
45.00
39.00
37.00
41.00
45.00
46.00
46.00
44.00
47.00
50.00
60.00
96.00
92.00


Aug. I Sept.


36.50
37.00
39.00
42.40
47.70
44.50
45.70
54.70
65.70
82.80
95.00
62.00
54.00
58.90
58.00
57.80
67.00
70.00
67.00
64.00
65.00
53.00
44.00
41.00
38.00
42.00
44.00
45.00
47.00
45.00
46.00
48.00
60.00
100.00


35.00
41.80
38.50
46.10
46.00
43.50
48.80
53.00
69.30
86.00
83.10
60.00
55.00
56.00
60.00
63.50
65.00
65.00
70.00
65.00
62.00
49.00
42.00
40.00
41.00
41.00
45.00
47.00
48.00
45.00
47.00
51.00
65.00
100.00


35.00
41.70
35.50
44.00
45.90
50.00
48.00
58.60
67.90
85.00
85.00
61.00
60.00
55.50
62.00
61.60
70.00
67.00
67.00
70.00
65.00
52.00
43.00
38.00
39.00
42.00
47.00
46.00
47.00
45.00
46.00
51.00
68.00
103.00


Nov. I Dec.


Oct.

40.00
39.30
36.80
48.00
47.10
48.00
48.40
62.00
72.50
92.00
82.00
64.00
60.00
58.00
63.00
63.60
65.00
72.00
66.00
68.00
65.00
45.00
45.00
38.00
40.00
44.00
45.00
47.00
50.00
46.00
47.00
56.00
69.00
100.00


39.50
44.00
39.00
49.50
51.80
48.60
50.00
60.80
80.00
108.00
90.00
68.00
55.00
55.00
55.00
57.50
64.00
70.00
71.00
73.00
60.00
45.00
43.00
40.00
40.00
42.00
46.00
46.00
45.00
42.00
44.00
52.00
72.00
99.00


45.00
30.30
40.50
44.30
51.60
47.00
61.50
50.50
80.00
92.00
70.00
62.00
50.00
53.00
60.00
57.20
70.00
68.00
66.00
72.00
55.00
50.00
40.00
40.00
40.00
42.00
46.00
48.00
47.00
44.00
47.00
53.00
70.00
94.00


I __ I _


Avg.

36.60
39.47
39.41
43.17
47.08
47.07
49.02
54.63
67.26
86.43
88.35
63.42
56.17
57.45
56.42
64.72
64.50
70.33
67.50
68.08
62.50
53.42
44.08
38.67
39.33
41.58
44.00
46.33
47.17
44.50
45.50
49.42
62.58
91.83







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


TABLE 92.-RELATIVES OF FLORIDA MILK Cow PRICES.
(1910-1914 = 100)
Year | Jan. I Feb. I Mar. April May I Junel July I Aug.l Sept.i Oct. | Nov. Dec. | Avg.


1910 ............
1911 ............
1912 ...........
1913 ............
1914 ............
1915 ............
1916 ............
1917 ............
1918 ...........
1919 ............
1920 ............
1921 ............
1922 ............
1923 ............
1924 ...........
1925 ............
1926 ............
1927 ............
1928 ............
1929 ............
1930 ............
1931 ............
1932 ............
1933 ............
1934 ............
1935 ............
1936 ............
1937 ............
1938 ............
1939 ............
1940 ............
1941 ............
1942 ............
1943 ............
1944 ............


73
98
105
99
112
105
113
120
148
216
209
158
139
139
129
170
141
170
158
165
148
134
114
95
95
100
97
114
112
105
107
112
143
209
2311


73 81
97 97
107 92
94 97
108 106
112 122
119 112
137 142
163 166
203 207
219 246
158 151
141 134
151 139
122 134
182 182
170 158
185 187
160 163
158 173
146 158
134 141
112 102
85 92
92 88
100 100
105 105
112 109
117 117
109 112
109 112
117 114
139 143
209 219
236 238


TABLE 93.-ESCAROLE: MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES RECEIVED BY
FLORIDA FARMERS.
(Dollars per 4-6-dozen crate)
S [ Simple Weighted
Season Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. lApril| May Avg. Average
1927-28 1.20 1.01 .98 1.20 1.12 1.39 1.61 1.22 1.05
1928-29 1.35 .68 .68 .38 .77 .75
1929-30 1.05 .90 1.39 1.88 1.39 1.50 1.35 1.35
1930-31 .86 .56 .56 .56 .49 .61 .57
1931-32 1.01 .79 1.12 1.20 1.50 1.12 .90
1932-33 .86 .71 .45 .79 .41 1.01 .70 .54
1933-34 1.01 .64 .60 .64 .56 .56 .67 .60
1934-35 .90 .68 .60 1.12 1.01 1.01 .89 .84
1935-36 .60 .56 .64 .52 .49 .56 .60
1936-37 .98 .60 .38 .71 .98 1.50 .86 .75
1937-38 .41 .41 .60 .45 .45 .52 .47 .45
1938-39 .45 .60 .52 .45 .79 1.12 1.12 .72 .60
1939-40 .68 .45 .34 .68 .45 .90 .82 .62 .50
1940-41 .56 .49 1.01 1.54 1.42 1.01 .94 1.00 .98
1941-42 .98 .60 .82 .71 .38 .80 1.35 .81 .90
1942-43 1.95 1.60 1.30 1.95 3.15 2.95 4.25 2.45 2.25
1943-44 1.50 1.50 .50 .40 2.00 2.15 4.20 1.75 1.15






Florida Farm Prices


APPENDIX
METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION OF THE FLORIDA FARM
PRICE INDEX

Type of Index.-The index is of the weighted aggregative type,
using the formulaP Qo, where Po equals prices in the base
SPo Qo
period, P1 equals prices in the current period, and Qo equals quan-
tities sold in the base period. Fixed quantity weights are used
throughout the period of the index and are constant for each
month in the year.
Commodities Included.-The combined index from January,
1924, onward includes 37 commodities which represent about 90
percent of the cash sales of products of Florida farms and groves
(Table A). Prior to January, 1924, grapefruit, truck crops and
tobacco are omitted for lack of suitable prices, thus making only
21 products.
System of Weighting.-Commodities are weighted in the index
by the quantity sales of each during the 6 calendar years 1924
to 1929, inclusive. For truck crops production during the 6 sea-
sons 1924-25 to 1929-30, inclusive, is used instead of quantities
sold. However, harvested production of commercial truck crops
is equivalent to sales. The use of quantities sold or marketing
for weights, rather than production, emphasizes the prices of
products produced commercially, with little or no weight for
home-grown products consumed on the farm.
In preparation of an index covering a long period by the use
of fixed weights, some compromise must be made in selecting
the period of sales to use for weights. The farther the index is
projected forward or backward from this base period the less
representative the weights will be of current marketing. The
average annual sales during the period 1924-29 underweights
citrus, which has been increasing in production much faster than'
have most other Florida agricultural products. Production is
now about 3 times the 1924-29 annual sales. Some truck crops
also have increased a great deal since 1924-29, and flue-cured
tobacco now averages almost 4 times its 1924-29 annual sales.
Some crops have decreased in importance and are now over-
weighted.
A period of quantity sales more recent than 1924-29 would
give weights which would be more representative at the present
time but would be less accurate for the earlier index numbers.









TABLE A.-COMMODITIES INCLUDED, WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION, AND BASE PERIOD PRICES USED IN CONSTRUCTING INDEX NUM-
BERS OF FLORIDA FARM PRICES.
Average Average Percenta
SAnnual Price Base Value Percentage June 1943
SQuantity August Contribution
Commodity Unit ISold 1909- 1924
1924-29* July 1909-23 1924 and 1909- and Current Index
_(1,000) 1914 Later 1923 Later Values
Corn .................................. Bushel 1 902 $ .874 $ 788,888 $ 788,348 2.3 1.2 $ 1,262,800
Oats ........................................... Bushel 7 .716 5,012 5,012 ** **7,000
Total grains (2) ......................_____ 793,360 $ 793,360 2.3 1.2 $ 1,269,800 160.1
Cotton ............................................ Pound 14,417 $ .1580 $ 2,277,886 $ 2,277,886 6.6I 3.4 $ 3,070,821
Cotton seed .................................... Ton 9 23.11 207,990 |207,990 .6 .3 396,000
Total cotton and I
cotton seed (2) ......................___ $ 2,485,8761 $ 2,485,876 7.2 3.7 $ 3,466,821 139.5
Sweet potatoes ............................ Bushel 1,507 $ .810 $ 1,220,670 $ 1,220,670 3.5 1.8 $ 3,089,350
Peanuts .......................................... Pound 19,053 .04433 844,619 844,619 2.4 1.2 1,162,233
Wool .............................................. Pound 136 .2132 28,995 28,995 .1 ** 53,040
Hay (loose) ................................. Ton 3 17.22 51,660 51,660 .2 .1 48,000
Cowpeas ...................................... Bushel 28 1.974 55,272 55,272 .2 .1 89,600
Tobacco -type 14 ...................... Pound 3,507 396,664t .6 1,132,761
Tobacco type 45, 56 ................ Pound 989 124,166t .2 172,086
Tobacco type 62 ...................... Pound 2,646 995,762t 1.5 2,219,994
Total miscellaneous (8) ........ $_ 2,201,216 $ 3,717,808 6.4 1 5.5 $ 7,967,064 214.3
Milk (wholesale) .......................... Cwt. 740 $ 3.292 $ 2,436,080 $ 2,436,080 [ 7.0 3.6 $ 3,330,000
Milk (retail) ................................ Quart 30,233 .1048 3,168,418 3,168,418 9.2 4.7 5,048,911
Butter ......................... .............. Pound 380 .3228 122,664 122,664 .4 .2 182,400
Total dairy products (3) ........ I $ 5,727,162 $ 5,727,162 1 6.6 8.5 1$ 8,561,311 149.5






Chickens ............................. Pound 8,222 $ .1466 $ 1,205,345 $ 1,205,345 3.5 1.8 $ 2,861,256
Eggs ....................................... Dozen 113,583 .2507 3,405,258 3,405,258 9.8 5.1 5,080,042
I I
Total poultry products (2) .... I _____$ 4,610,6031 $ 4,610,603 13.3 6.9 $ 7,941,298 172.2
Cattle ............................ Cwt. 434 $ 4.753 $ 2,062,802 $ 2,062,802 6.0 3.1 $ 5,208,000
Calves .............................. Cwt. 78 5.765 449,670 449,670 1.3 .7 1,060,800
Sheep ................................ Cwt. 3.4 4.852 16,497 16,497 ** ** 25,500
Lambs ............................. .. Cwt. 1.6 5.986 9,578 9,578 ** ** 14,880
Hogs .......-................... ....... Cwt. 212 6.537 1,385,844 1,385,844 4.0 2.0 2,756,000
Total meat animals (5) ....... $ 3,924,391 $ 3,924,391 11.3 5.8 $ 9,065,180 231.0
Oranges and tangerines$ .......... Box 11,258 $ 1.320 $14,860,514,860,5601 4,860,560 42.9 | 22.1 [$ 28,032,420
Grapefruit* .............................. Box 8,823 9,122,886t 13.5 1 13,940,340
Total citrus (3) _.. .............. .. ___ $14,860,560 $23,983,446 42.9 35.6 $ 41,972,760 175.0
Beans ........................................I Bushel 1,892 $ 3,121,820t 4.6 $ 2,365,000
Cabbage ............................ Ton 24.492 495,653t .7 2,032,836
Celery ..................................- .I Florida Crate 2,825 3,249,662t 4.8 18,221,250
Cucumbers ............................. Bushel 989 1,498,875t 2.2 3,461,500
Eggplant ............................. Bushel 374 304,171t .5 691,900
Lettuce ................ .. 4-6 doz. crate 385 342,677t .5 1,828,750
Peas ........................................ .... Bushel 56 90,044t .1 184,800
Peppers ...................................... Bushel 1,374 1,375,526t 2.0 3,778,500
Potatoes (early Irish) ................ Bushel 2,892 3,683,993t 5.5 5,928,600
Strawberries ......... ............. 24-qt. crate 366 1,829,968t 2.7 2,873,100
Tomatoes .............................. Bushel 2,776 5,082,542t 7.6 9,160,800
Watermelons ............................... 1,000 9.729 1,047,404t 1.6 6,372,495
Total truck crops (12) ......... I $22,122,335t 1 32.8 $ 56,899,531 257.2

Total all commodities (37) ....I 1 $34,603,168 $67,364,981 100.0 1100.0 $137,143,765 203.6
For truck crops, average harvested production during the six seasons 1924-25 through 1929-30.
** Less than .05 percent.
t Derived by dividing the 1924-29 average value by 1.601. Prices of all commodities having pre-war I prices averaged 1.601 times as high in the
period 1924-29 as in 1909-14.
$ Packinghouse door returns for all methods of sale.






Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


Base Period for Prices.-The arithmetic average price during
the 60 months from August, 1909, to July, 1914, inclusive, was
taken as the base price, or 100 percent, for each commodity for
which suitable prices were available that far back (Table A).
This period was selected upon request of the Division of Agri-
cultural Statistics, Agricultural Marketing Service, now in the
Bureau of Agricultural Economics, to provide an index directly
comparable with the United States farm price index and with
the indexes of many other states. This period, because of its
stability and for other reasons, has long been accepted as a sat-
isfactory base, but for Florida it also has some disadvantages.
Besides lacking in recency, many prices are less adequate and
reliable, and some price series are entirely lacking in the pre-war
period of 1909-14.
Other objections, from the standpoint of the Florida index,
are the appearance of new crops since the base period-notably
sugar cane for sugar-and important changes in varieties and
in production and marketing methods of many products.
One example of unsatisfactory price data during the 1909-14
base period is found in grapefruit. The quantity sold in the base
period was very small. Thus, grapefruit prices during 1909-14
had the characteristics of a luxury product and did not follow
the trend of oranges until some years later, when larger quanti-
ties were offered for sale. This abnormally high price for grape-
fruit during the 1909-14 base period would have made all suc-
ceeding citrus index numbers very low and would have also influ-
enced the combined index to some extent with a downward bias.
For this reason it was deemed desirable to omit grapefruit prices
from the combined index until 1924.
Those series which had no suitable prices during the period
August, 1909, to July, 1914-grapefruit, tobacco and truck crops
-were indexed on the 1924-29 base and added to the index at
the level of all other commodities during the period 1924-29.
Since all products having 1909-14 prices averaged 60.1 percent
higher during 1924-29 than in 1909-14, grapefruit, tobacco and
truck crops were raised to this level by multiplying their 1924-29
indexes by 160.1 and dividing by 100. In actual practice, how-
ever, the 1924-29 base price was divided by 1.601 to derive an
equivalent 1909-14 base value, which gives the same result.
This is perhaps the least objectionable method that can be
used but it does result in shifting the proportionate weight which
commodities had before 1924 by the addition of grapefruit, to-




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