• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Copyright
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Auction sales of Florida citrus...
 Summary
 Appendix






Group Title: University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station bulletin no. 315
Title: Florida citrus prices, I
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027440/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida citrus prices, I
Series Title: Bulletin University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station
Physical Description: 84 p. : charts, map ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Spurlock, A. H
Brooker, Marvin A ( Marvin Adel ), 1903-1997
Publisher: University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1937
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Prices -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by A.H. Spurlock and Marvin A. Brooker.
General Note: Cover title.
Funding: Bulletin (University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027440
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000924541
oclc - 18213227
notis - AEN5168

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Introduction
        Page 5
    Auction sales of Florida citrus fruit
        Page 6
        Total sales of all varieties
            Page 6
        Monthly average orange prices
            Page 6
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
            Page 13
            Page 14
            Page 15
            Page 16
            Page 17
        Monthly average grapefruit prices
            Page 18
            Page 19
            Page 20
            Page 21
            Page 22
            Page 23
            Page 24
            Page 25
        Monthly average prices of mandarins
            Page 26
            Page 27
            Page 28
            Page 29
            Page 30
            Page 31
            Page 32
            Page 33
            Page 34
            Page 35
        Percentage distribution of oranges and grapefruit to New York and to "other markets", by grade
            Page 36
            Page 37
            Page 38
        Price relatives of grade 1 Florida citrus fruit using the price of grade 2 as a base
            Page 39
        Percentage grade distribution of Florida citrus fruit by varieties size distribution, by variety, and season average price for each size
            Page 39
            Page 40
            Page 41
            Page 42
        Size distribution, by variety, and season average price for each size
            Page 43
            Page 44
            Page 45
            Page 46
            Page 47
            Page 48
            Page 49
            Page 50
            Page 51
        Costs of marketing Florida citrus fruit at auction
            Page 52
            Page 53
            Page 54
            Page 55
        Net returns to the shipper from auction sales
            Page 56
            Page 57
            Page 58
            Page 59
            Page 60
            Page 61
            Page 62
            Page 63
            Page 64
            Page 65
            Page 66
            Page 67
            Page 68
            Page 69
            Page 70
        Net returns to the shipper on grade 1 oranges and grade 1 grapefruit in percent of the net returns on grade 2
            Page 71
        Net returns to the grower from auction sales
            Page 71
            Page 72
        Percent of the auction price represented by net returns to the shipper
            Page 73
        F.O.B. direct and broker sales of Florida citrus fruit
            Page 74
            Page 75
            Page 76
            Page 77
            Page 78
        Size distribution, by variety, and season average price for each size
            Page 79
    Summary
        Page 80
        Page 81
    Appendix
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida







September, 1937


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION
WILMON NEWELL, Director
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA











FLORIDA CITRUS PRICES, I




By




A. H. SPURLOCK and MARVIN A. BROKER


Bulletins will be sent free to Florida residents& upon application to
AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA


Bulletin 315









EXECUTIVE STAFF
John J. Tigert, M.A., LL.D., President of
the University
Wilmon Newell, D.Sc., Director
H. Harold Hume, D.Sc., Asst. Dir., Research
Harold Mowry, M.S.A., Asst. Dir., Adm.
J. Francis Cooper, M.S.A., Editor
Jefferson Thomas, Assistant Editor
Clyde Beale, A.B.J., Assistant Editor
Ida Keeling Cresap, Librarian
Ruby Newhall, Administrative Manager
K. H. Graham, Business Manager
Rachel McQuarrie, Accountant

MAIN STATION, GAINESVILLE
AGRONOMY
W. E. Stokes, M.S., Agronomist**
W. A. Leukel, Ph.D., Agronomist
G. E. Ritchey, M.S., Associate*
Fred H. Hull, Ph.D., Associate
W. A. Carver, Ph.D., Associate
John P. Camp, M.S., Assistant
Roy E. Blaser, M.S., Assistant
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
A. L. Shealy, D.V.M., Animal Husbandman**
R. B. Becker, Ph.D., Dairy Husbandman
L. M. Thurston, Ph.D., Dairy Technologist
W. M. Neal, Ph.D., Asso. in An. Nutrition
D. A. Sanders, D.V.M., Veterinarian
M. W. Emmel, D.V.M., Veterinarian
N. R. Mehrhof, M.Agr., Poultry Husbandman
W. G. Kirk, Ph.D., Asst. An. Husbandman
R. M. Crown, B.S.A., Asst. An. Husbandman
P. T. Dix Arnold, M.S.A., Assistant Dairy
Husbandman
L. L. Rusoff, M.S., Asst. in An. Nutrition
Jeanette Shaw, M.S., Laboratory Technician
CHEMISTRY AND SOILS
R. V. Allison, Ph.D., Chemist**
R. W. Ruprecht, Ph.D., Chemist
R. M. Barnette, Ph.D., Chemist
C. E. Bell, Ph.D., Associate
R. B. French, Ph.D., Associate
H. W. Winsor, B.S.A., Assistant
ECONOMICS, AGRICULTURAL
C. V. Noble, Ph.D., Agricultural Economist**
Bruce McKinley, A.B., B.S.A., Associate
Zach Savage, M.S.A., Associate
A. H. Spurlock, M.S.A., Assistant
ECONOMICS, HOME
Ouida Davis Abbott, Ph.D., Specialist**
ENTOMOLOGY
J. R. Watson, A.M., Entomologist**
A. N. Tissot, Ph.D., Associate
H. E. Bratley, M.S.A., Assistant
HORTICULTURE
G. H. Blackmon, M.S.A., Horticulturist and
Acting Head of Department
A. L. Stahl, Ph.D., Associate
F. S. Jamison, Ph.D., Truck Horticulturist
R. J. Wilmot, M.S.A., Specialist, Fumigation
Research
R. D. Dickey, B.S.A., Assistant Horticulturist
PLANT PATHOLOGY
W. B. Tisdale, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist**
George F. Weber, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist
R. K. Vorhees, M.S., Assistant
Erdman West, M.S., Mycologist
Lillian E. Arnold, M.S., Assistant Botanist
SPECTROGRAPHIC LABORATORY
L. W. Gaddum, Ph.D., Biochemist
L. H. Rogers, M.A., Spectroscopic Analyst


BOARD OF CONTROL
Geo. H. Baldwin, Chairman, Jacksonvile
Harry C. Duncan, Tavares
Thomas W. Bryant, Lakeland
R. P. Terry, Miami
J. T. Diamond, Secretary, Tallahassee

BRANCH STATIONS
NORTH FLORIDA STATION, QUINCY
L. 0. Gratz, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist in
Charge
R. Kincaid, Ph.D., Asso. Plant Pathologist
J. D. Warner, M.S., Agronomist
Jesse Reeves, Farm Superintendent
CITRUS STATION, LAKE ALFRED
A. F. Camp, Ph.D., Horticulturist in Charge
John H. Jefferies, Superintendent
W. A. Kuntz, A.M., Assoc. Plant Pathologist
Michael Peech, Ph.D., Soils Chemist
B. R. Fudge, Ph.D., Associate Chemist
W. L. Thompson, B.S., Asst. Entomologist
Walter Reuther, B.S., Asst. Horticulturist
EVERGLADES STATION, BELLE GLADE
J. R. Neller, Ph.D., Biochemist, Acting in
Charge
R. N. Lobdell, M.S., Entomologist
'. D. Stevens, B.S., Sugarcane Agronomist
Thomas Bregger, Ph.D.. Sugarcane Physiologist
G. R. Townsend, Ph.D., Assistant Plant
Pathologist
R. W. Kidaer, B.S., Asst. Animal Husbandman
Ross E. Robertson, B.S.. Assistant Chemist
W. T. Foresee, Ph.D., Asst. Chemist
B. S. Clayton, B.S.C.E., Drainage Engineer*
SUB-TROPICAL STATION, HOMESTEAD
H. S. Wolfe, Ph.D., Horticulturist in Charge
W. M. Fifield, M.S., Asst. Horticulturist
Geo. D. Ruehle, Ph.D., Associate Plant
Pathologist
W. CENTRAL FLA. STA., BROOKSVILLE
W. F. Ward, M.S., Asst. An. Husbandman
in Charge*

FIELD STATIONS
Leesburg
M. N. Walker, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist in
Charge
W. B. Shippy, Ph.D., Asso. Plant Pathologist
K. W. Loueks, M.S., Asst. Plant Pathologist
J. W. Wilson, Sc.D., Associate Entomologist
C. C. Goff, M.S., Assistant Entomologist
Plant City
A. N. Brooks, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist
Cocoa
A. S. Rhoads, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist
Hastings
A. H. Eddins, Ph.D, Plant Pathologist
Monticello
Sam 0. Hill, B.S., Asst. Entomologist
Bradenton
David G. Kelbert, Asst. Plant Pathologist
Sanford
E. R. Purvis. Ph.D., Assistant Chemist,
Celery Investigations
Lakeland
E. S. Ellison, Meteorologist*
B. H. Moore, A.B., Asst. Meteorologist*

In cooperation with U.S.D.A.
** Head of Department.
















CONTENTS
PAGE
INTRODUCTION ................... ........... ...... ..... ... ..... ................ ...... 5
AUCTION SALES OF FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT ............................. ................... 6
Total Sales of All Varieties ................................. .................. 6
Monthly Average Orange Prices .............................. ............... .. 6
Monthly Average Grapefruit Prices ....................... .... ............ 18
Monthly Average Prices of Mandarins ....................... -................... 26
Percentage Distribution of Oranges and Grapefruit to New York
and to "Other Markets", by Grade .............................................. 36
Price Relatives of Grade 1 Florida Citrus Fruit Using the Price of
Grade 2 as a Base ................................................ ..... .. 39
Percentage Grade Distribution of Florida Citrus Fruit by Varieties 39
Size Distribution, by Variety, and Season Average Price for Each
Size ......................... ....... ... .... ...... ...... .......... ..... ..... 43
Costs of Marketing Florida Citrus Fruit at Auction ........................... 52
Net Returns to the Shipper from Auction Sales .................................... 56
Net Returns to the Shipper on Grade 1 Oranges and Grade 1 Grape-
fruit in Percent of the Net Returns on Grade 2 ............................ 71
Net Returns to the Grower from Auction Sales .................................... 71
Percent of the Auction Price Represented by Net Returns to the
Shipper ........................................ ----- ....---- --------- 73
F.O.B. DIRECT AND BROKER SALES OF FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT .................... 74
Size Distribution, by Variety, and Season Average Price for Each
Size .......................................... ...... ...................... ... 79
SU M M ARY .................................... ............ .... .. ............ ..... .... 80
A PPENDIX ........................... ..................... ...... .........-...... .... ..................- 82


























Fig. 1.-Location of the 31 cit-
rus packinghouses from which data
were taken.


0o


Nwaber of
boxes
(000 omIt

New Tork
250 -
Other Markets

200


150


100


50


Sept. July
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Aug.
Month Sold
Fig. 2.-Total auction sales of citrus fruit from 31 Florida packinghouse
to five markets (average of three seasons, 1930-31, 1931-32, and 1932-33).









FLORIDA CITRUS PRICES, I

By A. H. SPURLOCK and MARVIN A. BROKER*

INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this study is to present a three-year summary
of the average monthly prices received from auction sales for
Florida citrus by kinds, by variety, by grade and by size of fruit;
to outline the average costs or charges against the fruit which
went to auction; and to arrive at the net amount which the
shipping agency received from both auction and non-auction
sales.
The data include shipments of packed fruit of specified vari-
eties by rail and water from 31 Florida packinghouses to five
markets in the United States for auction sales, and to three
additional markets for f.o.b. direct and broker sales (Fig. 1).
The period of shipment covers the three seasons, 1930-31, 1931-
32, and 1932-33. Approximately 11,000 carloads were involved,
excluding bulk fruit and movement by motor truck alone.
The markets chosen, in the order of volume of receipts from
the 31 citrus packinghouses, were: New York, Chicago, Detroit,
Cincinnati, Pittsburgh, Minneapolis, Kansas City, and New
Orleans. The last three markets, however, received only very
small quantities of fruit. Because of its importance as a citrus
market, New York City has been compared with all the other
markets as a group.
To facilitate sorting and tabulating, the data on the individual
car-shipment manifests were transferred to punch cards. Two
types of these cards were used, one of which was designed to
carry the price information, and the other the charges against
the fruit incident to getting it from the packinghouse to the
market, including selling. A copy of each of these punch cards
is shown in the appendix.
Acknowledgments: The writers wish to express their thanks to all
who have assisted in the preparation of this work. Special credit is due
Dr. C. V. Noble, under whose direction the study was made, and Dr. H. G.
Hamilton who assisted in outlining the work and offered helpful criticism.
Appreciation is also due Mr. Zach Savage for his aid.
The Farm Credit Administration cooperated in the completion by fur-
nishing the use of Hollerith electric sorting and tabulating equipment,
and operators, at Columbia, South Carolina.
Records from which data were taken were kindly made available by
the Florida Citrus Exchange, Tampa, and the Florida Division of the
American Fruit Growers, Inc., Orlando.
*Chief Statistician, Farm Credit Administration, Columbia, South
Carolina.







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


The following adjustments were made with respect to con-
tainers and sizes. Unless otherwise stated, oranges and grape-
fruit were converted to full boxes, and Temple oranges and tan-
gerines to half-boxes, if they were shipped in containers other
than these. The conversion factor used was the same as used
by the packinghouse shipping the fruit. The container most
frequently used other than the standard box was the bushel
basket, especially for Temples and tangerines, and in most cases
one full box was found to be equivalent to 1.6 bushel baskets.
Orange sizes larger than 100, grapefruit sizes larger than 36,
and sizes for Temples and tangerines larger than 90 were placed
in one size group termed "other sizes".
Before the price data were placed on punch cards, the price
for each size of fruit was multiplied by the number of boxes
in that size and the value punched to the nearest even dollar.
Because of the small amount of fruit moving at the beginning
and at the end of the season, September and October have been
combined; also July and August.

AUCTION SALES OF FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT
TOTAL SALES OF ALL VARIETIES
A summary of total shipments of citrus on which this study
is based is shown in Table 1. Only fruit which sold at auction
is included here.
"Other varieties" of oranges and of grapefruit include fruit
which was unmarked as to variety, and a few varieties not of
sufficient volume to warrant separation. For the three seasons
oranges made up about one-half the total sales, with grapefruit
and mandarin oranges about 40 percent and 10 percent, respec-
tively. Valencia oranges comprised about one-fifth of the total,
and were larger in volume than any other variety of oranges.
Parson Browns constituted only a very small percentage of
the oranges.
New York City was more important than all the other markets
combined from the standpoint of receipts from the 31 packing-
houses (Fig. 2).
MONTHLY AVERAGE ORANGE PRICES
The monthly average price received for Florida oranges by
variety and grade on the terminal auctions is shown in Table 2.
In the grade comparisons, grade 1 and grade 2 are equivalent
in most cases to the U. S. standard grades, and supergrade







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


The following adjustments were made with respect to con-
tainers and sizes. Unless otherwise stated, oranges and grape-
fruit were converted to full boxes, and Temple oranges and tan-
gerines to half-boxes, if they were shipped in containers other
than these. The conversion factor used was the same as used
by the packinghouse shipping the fruit. The container most
frequently used other than the standard box was the bushel
basket, especially for Temples and tangerines, and in most cases
one full box was found to be equivalent to 1.6 bushel baskets.
Orange sizes larger than 100, grapefruit sizes larger than 36,
and sizes for Temples and tangerines larger than 90 were placed
in one size group termed "other sizes".
Before the price data were placed on punch cards, the price
for each size of fruit was multiplied by the number of boxes
in that size and the value punched to the nearest even dollar.
Because of the small amount of fruit moving at the beginning
and at the end of the season, September and October have been
combined; also July and August.

AUCTION SALES OF FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT
TOTAL SALES OF ALL VARIETIES
A summary of total shipments of citrus on which this study
is based is shown in Table 1. Only fruit which sold at auction
is included here.
"Other varieties" of oranges and of grapefruit include fruit
which was unmarked as to variety, and a few varieties not of
sufficient volume to warrant separation. For the three seasons
oranges made up about one-half the total sales, with grapefruit
and mandarin oranges about 40 percent and 10 percent, respec-
tively. Valencia oranges comprised about one-fifth of the total,
and were larger in volume than any other variety of oranges.
Parson Browns constituted only a very small percentage of
the oranges.
New York City was more important than all the other markets
combined from the standpoint of receipts from the 31 packing-
houses (Fig. 2).
MONTHLY AVERAGE ORANGE PRICES
The monthly average price received for Florida oranges by
variety and grade on the terminal auctions is shown in Table 2.
In the grade comparisons, grade 1 and grade 2 are equivalent
in most cases to the U. S. standard grades, and supergrade







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


The following adjustments were made with respect to con-
tainers and sizes. Unless otherwise stated, oranges and grape-
fruit were converted to full boxes, and Temple oranges and tan-
gerines to half-boxes, if they were shipped in containers other
than these. The conversion factor used was the same as used
by the packinghouse shipping the fruit. The container most
frequently used other than the standard box was the bushel
basket, especially for Temples and tangerines, and in most cases
one full box was found to be equivalent to 1.6 bushel baskets.
Orange sizes larger than 100, grapefruit sizes larger than 36,
and sizes for Temples and tangerines larger than 90 were placed
in one size group termed "other sizes".
Before the price data were placed on punch cards, the price
for each size of fruit was multiplied by the number of boxes
in that size and the value punched to the nearest even dollar.
Because of the small amount of fruit moving at the beginning
and at the end of the season, September and October have been
combined; also July and August.

AUCTION SALES OF FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT
TOTAL SALES OF ALL VARIETIES
A summary of total shipments of citrus on which this study
is based is shown in Table 1. Only fruit which sold at auction
is included here.
"Other varieties" of oranges and of grapefruit include fruit
which was unmarked as to variety, and a few varieties not of
sufficient volume to warrant separation. For the three seasons
oranges made up about one-half the total sales, with grapefruit
and mandarin oranges about 40 percent and 10 percent, respec-
tively. Valencia oranges comprised about one-fifth of the total,
and were larger in volume than any other variety of oranges.
Parson Browns constituted only a very small percentage of
the oranges.
New York City was more important than all the other markets
combined from the standpoint of receipts from the 31 packing-
houses (Fig. 2).
MONTHLY AVERAGE ORANGE PRICES
The monthly average price received for Florida oranges by
variety and grade on the terminal auctions is shown in Table 2.
In the grade comparisons, grade 1 and grade 2 are equivalent
in most cases to the U. S. standard grades, and supergrade










TABLE 1.-SUMMARY OF TOTAL AUCTION SALES OF CITRUS FRUIT FROM 31 FLORIDA PACKINGHOUSES TO FIVE MARKETS.


Variety of fruit


Oranges:
Parson Brown ..............
Pineapple ................--....
Valencia .-......-........---
Other varieties ............
Total oranges ..........

Grapefruit:
Marsh Seedless ............
Other varieties .........
Total grapefruit ......

Mandarins:1
King ...........................
Temple ....................
Tangerines ........-...........
Satsumas ...............
Total mandarins ......

All varieties ......................


1980-31


Number
of boxes


27,190
177,215
315,801
235,512
755,718


173,101
487,400
660,501


1,977.5
4,907.5
128,768.5
943.0
136,596.5

1,552,815.5


Percent of
all varieties


1.8
11.4
20.3
15.2
48.7


11.1
31.4
42.5


.1
.3
8.3
.1
8.8

100.0


*Less than one-tenth of 1 percent.
1Converted to full boxes.


Season
1931-32
Number Percent of
of boxes all varieties


5,653
131,955
250,374
152,801
540,783


142,425
339,190
481,615


2,864.0
7,689.5
130,815.0
154.5
141,523

1,163,921


.5
11.4
21.5
13.1
46.5


12.2
29.2
41.4


.2
.7
11.2
*
12.1

100.0


1932-33


INumber
of boxes


5,937
177,722
260,739
S200,503
S644,901


138,488
304,944
443,432

1,205.5
10,322.0
87,507.5
142.0
99,177

11,187,510
1


Percent of
all varieties


.5
15.0
21.9
16.9
54.3


11.6
25.7
37.3


.1
.9
7.4
*
8.4

100.0


Total
Number Percent of
of boxes all varieties


38,780
486,892
826,914
588,816
1,941,402


454,014
1,131,534
1,585,548


6,047.0
22,919.0
347,091.0
1,239.5
377,296.5

3,904,246.5


1.0
12.4
21.2
15.1
49.7


11.6
29.0
40.6


.2
.6
8.9
*
9.7

100.0


---















TABLE 2.-FLORIDA ORANGES-MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER BOx, ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY
AND GRADE.
Parson Brown___
Supergrade j Grade 1 I Grade 2
Month Sold New York [Other Marketsl All Markets I New York |OtherMarketsl All Markets I New York IOther Marketsl All Markets
Boxes IPricel Boxes |Pricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPrice| Boxes IPricel Boxes |Price
1930-31 to

September-October .... 7,156 $4.95 7,156 $4.95 542 $4.80 360 $4.41 902 $4.65
November ........ 10,260 3.58 1782 $3.70 11,992 3.60 1,334 8.00 4772 2.74 6,106 2.80
December ..................... 136 2.85 186 2.85 898 2.26 898 2.26
Total or average .......... 17,552 $4.13 | 1,782 $3.70 | 19.284 $4.09 1,876 $8.52 6,030 [$2.77 | 7,906 $2.95
1981-82

September-October -.. 40 $2.80 40 $2.80 97 $1.64 97 $1.64 Z
19 88 2, 572.17989 1,$29 242.50 t$
November .................... 2,169 $3.19 188 2.93 2,857 8.17 898 $2.55 431 2.40 1,29 2.50
December .................... 289 $8.48 289 $8.48 843 3.00 84 8.00 682 8.18682 8.18
January ............... 6 3.8 83 6 3.83 10 3.20 10 3.20
Total or average ....... 1 295 $3.49 295 $3.49 i 3,022 $3.14 I 228 $2.82 | 8,250 $8.11 1 1,580 j$2.82 528 $2.26 2,108 $2.68
1932-88


September-October .......
November ..........................
December .................
January ..... ...........
February .......... .....
Total or average .....-I


28 $8.89


281$8.89T I


81 $2.88 81 $2.88 66 $2.41 66 $2.41
28 $8.89 2,942 8.48 2,942 8.43 1,092 2.81 542 $3.51 1,684 8.04
881 8.42 881 8.42 846 3.23 346 8.28
_.9 1056 1.85 105 1.85
28 $.89 ,84 $8.42 8,854 $8.42 1,268 $2.71 888 $8.40 2,151 $2.99









TABLE 2.-FLORIDA ORANGES-MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER Box, ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY
AND GRADE (Continued).
Pineapple
Month Sold Supergrade I Grade 1 Grade 2
NewYork [Other Markets All Markets I NewYork |Other Markets All Markets I NewYork |Other Markets] All Markets
Boxes IPricel Boxes |Price] Boxes |Pricel Boxes |Price Boxes |Pricel Boxes IPricel Boxes |Pricel Boxes IPricel Boxes JPrice
1930-31

September-October 390 $5.72 390 $5.72 257 $4.16 257 $4.16 157 $4.54 157 $4.54
November ...................... 5,100 4.86 22 $4.68 5,122 4.86 6,817 3.83 3,431 $3.51 10,248 3.72 857 3.20 4,183 $2.88 5,040 2.93
December .................. 5,860 4.10 41 3.85 5,901 4.10 14,570 3.48 5,798 3.32 20,368 3.44 2,482 3.17 6,066 2.68 8,548 2.82
January ...................... 6,386 3.84 13 4.00 6,399 3.84 22,984 3.29 5,920 3.10 28,904 3.25 4,352 2.92 5,739 2.68 10,091 2.79 0
February ........ .......... 4,824 3.88 561 3.86 5,385 3.83 18,008 3.50 7,010 3.17 25,018 3.41 8,197 3.05 6,618 2.93 14,815 2.99
March ...... 4,799 4.48 174 4.06 4,973 4.46 13,447 4.06 4,573 3.90 18,020 4.02 4,025 3.67 1,548 3.53 5,573 3.63
April ................... 514 4.32 55 3.75 569 4.26 1,053 3.92 249 .30 1,302 .80 26 3.58 26 3.58
May .--- .. ..10 3.40 10 3.40 12 3.42 12 3.42
Total or average .......... 27,873 1$4.23 | 866 $3.59 | 28,739 $4.21 77,146 $3.57 I 26,981 $3.85 104,127 $3.51 20,082 $3.18 24,180 $2.84 I 44,262 $2.99
1931-32

November ..................... 600 $8.58 1 $3.00 601 $3.58 2,028 $3.72 1,688 $3.47 3,716 $3.61 946 $3.14 819 $2.79 1,765 $2.98
December ......................... 2,623 4.04 233 3.29 2,856 3.98 13,428 3.58 3,519 3.17 16,947 3.50 4,593 2.94 2,166 2.82 6,759 2.90
January ..................... 4,894 3.71 103 4.09 4,997 8.71 21,690 8.43 5,568 3.21 27,258 3.39 7,046 3.12 5,246 2.81 12,292 2.99 3
February ........................... 1,680 4.10 166 3.83 1,846 4.07 21,405 3.70 5,192 3.50 26,597 3.66 7,752 3.39 6,408 3.27 14,160 3.33
March ....................... 388 4.89 888 4.89 6,196 8.95 6,196 3.95 2,647 3.28 1,332 3.62 3,979 3.39
April .......................... 456 4.86 456 4.36 75 3.89 75 3.89 60 3.30 3 3.33 63 3.30
May ...........................60 4.42 60 4.42 319 3.88 319 3.88
Total or average ..._.....) 10,641 |$3.91 503 |$3.683 11,144 $3.90 | 64,882 $3.61 I 15,967 $3.32 80,849 [$3.55 I 23,363 $3.20 15,974 1$3.06 39,337 $3.15
1932-33

November ......................... 11 $4.42 111 $4.42 2,497 $3.81 23 $8.09 2,520 $8.80 567 $2.99 1,356 $8.22 1,923 $3.15
December .......................... 4,077 3.71 95 $3.15 4,172 3.70 21,586 3.14 7,150 2.91 28,736 3.09 5,166 2.67 7,037 2.75 12,203 2.72
January ............................ 3,321 3.77 180 3.41 3,501 3.75 22,452 3.18 3,619 3.13 26,071 3.17 4,480 2.43 7,454 2.87 11,934 2.71
February ...................... 2,208 8.42 283 3.14 2,441 3.40 18,612 2.84 2,853 2.82 21,465 2.84 7,921 2.18 6,876 2.65 14,797 2.40
March ................................ 2,550 8.76 279 3.04 2,829 3.69 14,584 2.87 2,762 2.74 17,346 2,85 10,598 2.26 5,726 2.49 16,324 2.34
April ....... ............ 524 3.47 524 3.47 4,568 2.55 919 2.74 5,487 2.58 1,311 1.97 1,508 2.10 2,819 2.04
May ............................... 19 2.32 19 2.82 1,348 2.09 1,348 2.09 325 1.94 325 1.94
Total or average .......1... 12,810 |$3.68 787 1$8.17 | 13,597 |$3.65 | 85,647 1$3.01 17,326 [$2.91 102,973 |$3.00 I 30,368 1$2.33 | 29,957 $2.70 60,325 $2.51















TABLE 2.-FLORIDA ORANGES--MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER Box, ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY
AND GRADE (Continued).
Valencia
Moh Sd Supergrade Grade 1 I Grade 2
onth old NewYork 1OtherMarketsl All Markets I New York |Other Markets All Markets I NewYork IOtherMarketsl All Markets
Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPrice
1930-31


February ............ ...........
M arch ...........................
April ..................................
M ay ................................
June ....................................
July-August .................. 5
Total or average ..........I


839 $3.87 889 $3.87 981 $2.94 981 $2.94
2,666 $4.08 18 $4.08 2,679 $408 24,785 3.76 8,539 $3.72 33,274 3.75 2,515 3.35 4,818 $3.38 7,333 3.37
1,708 4.27 29 3.97 1,737 4.26 31,905 3.97 10,224 3.77 42,129 3.92 9,161 3.68 11,834 3.66 20,995 3.67
7,209 4.35 725 4.04 7,934 4.32 51,850 3.95 24,552 3.85 76,402 3.92 16,076 3.69 27,003 3.63 48,079 3.65
508 5.06 508 5.06 30,223 4.36 12,735 4.01 42,958 4.26 14,964 3.78 14,205 3.56 29,169 3.67
11,717 4.23 1,717 4.23 1,627 3.75 180 3.26 1,807 3.70
12,091 $4.31 | 767 |$4.04 | 12,858 $4.29 141,269 ]$4.01 1 56,050 $$3.85 | 197,819 $3.97 I 45',274 $3.69 | 58,040 $3.60 | 103,314 |$3.64
1931-32
I !
283 4.82 283 $4.82 329 $3.50 829 $3.50
4,549 4.38 71 $4.48 4,620 4.38 33,100 3.99 6,694 $3.63 9,794 3.93 6,011 $3.54 8,357 $3.76 14,368 $3.67
4,966 4.6 32 5.31 4,998 4.63 33,278 3.93 8,396 3.91 41,674 8.92 7,748 3.55 15,240 3.82 22,988 3.73
111 4.62 111 4.62 41,214 3.80 10,518 3.71 51,732 8.78 15,852 3.35 15,128 3.52 30,980 3.44
21,914 8.72 963 3.73 22,877 8.72 12,123 3.37 872 3.65 12,995 3.39
9,909 $4.52 | 103 $4.74 10,012 $4.52 129,885 $3.87 126,571 $3.75 1156,406 1$3.85 41,734 1$3.42 39,597 $3.69 I 81,331 $3.55 z


1932-83 3

March ..... ....................... 235 $8.50 30 $8.27 265 $8.47 5,942 $2.71 838 $2.82 6,280 $2.71 4,072 $2.24 1,446 $2.88 5,518 $2.26
April ............................... 1,508 .58 1,508 8.58 22,864 2.70 8,715 2.64 26,079 2.69 15,058 2.16 22,862 2.88 87,405 2.29 O
May ............................. ,389 8.21 576 2.82 8,964 8.15 31,945 2.42 6,598 2.52 88,88 2.44 81,022 2.00 42,110 2.22 78,182 2.12 4
June ...........................5.81 8.88 227 8.88 808 8.69 10,486 2.77 1,627 8.08 12,068 2.82 29,978 2.21 10,715 2.54 40,698 2.80
July-August ...................... 1,168 2.87 87 8.88 1,205 2.88 6,250 2.78 724 8.02 6,974 2.76
Tolal or average 5.708 13.88 I 882 12.97 I 6,540 $8 88 I 71.855 12.59 12.810 1S2.64 84.165 182.601 86.875 12.17 1 77.847 $12.82 168,722 12.24







TABLE 2.-FLORIDA ORANGES-MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER BOX, ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY
AND GRADE (Concluded).
Other Varieties
Month Sold Supergrade Grade 1 Grade 2
New York |Other Marketsl All Markets I New York Other Marketsl AllMarkets I New York [Other Markets All Markets
SBoxes |Pricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPrice! Boxes |Pricel Boxes |Pricel Boxes |Price Boxes |Price! Boxes IPrice
1930-31
September October ... 4,508 $4.93 2,539 $4.43 7,047 $4.75 1,096 $3.61 1,981 $3.40 3,077 $3.47
November .............. 1,260 $8.89 88 $4.92 1,298 $3.92 22,024 3.71 10,606 2.89 32,680 3.44 4,403 2.77 6,781 2.47 11,184 2.58
December ..... ........... 1,159 3.55 352 3.64 1,511 3.57 20,384 3.04 6,309 2.85 26,693 3.00 4,798 2.71 7,974 2.37 12,772 2.50
January ..................... 3,084 3.12 87 3.90 3,171 3.15 20,606 3.00 5,726 2.73 26,332 2.94 7,282 2.64 8,063 2.46 15,345 2.54
February ... ............ 5,605 3.41 255 3.05 5,860 3.39 19,341 3.18 7,752 2 99 27,093 3.12 3,726 3.04 7,271 2.82 10,997 2.89
March ..................... 3,619 4.00 3,619 4.00 16,039 3.81 1,268 3.77 17,307 3.81 3,702 3.44 1,881 3.65 5,583 3.51
April ........................ 981 3.87 3 4.00 984 3.87 7,903 3.72 1,548 4.11 9,451 3.78 785 3.54 860 3.53 1,645 3.54
May ..... ............... 2,121 4.20 2,121 4.20 2,909 3.88 1,110 4.17 4,019 3.96 940 3.17 529 3.93 1,469 3.44
June .... ................ 2,082 4.25 2,082 4.25 487 3.37 360 2.98 847 3.20
July-August ............3.. 60 4.28 360 4.28
Total or average .......... 117,829 $3.64 1 735 |$3.54 18,564 $3.64 1116,156 $3.46 36,858 |$3.11 | 153,014 $3.37 1 27,219 $2.93 35,700 $2.68 I 62,919 $2.79
193132

September-October .......... 744 $2.90 744 $2.90 30 $1.33 30 $1.33
November .................. 187 $4.57 187 $4.57 9,300 $3.48 3,700 3.02 13,000 3.35 1,862 $2.77 2,075 2.50 3,937 2.63
December ......... ........ 1,675 3.70 145 $3.23 1,820 3.66 15,956 3.25 4,862 2.96 20,818 3.18 7,566 2.83 3,273 2.63 10,839 2.77
January ... ............. 1,055 3.42 114 3.79 1,169 3.45 17,163 3.08 2,215 3.03 19,378 3.07 6,833 2.66 4,656 2.58 11,489 2.63
February ............... 1,042 3.85 79 3.39 1,121 3.82 19,750 3.42 4,027 3.09 23,777 3.36 8,973 3.17 4,869 3.05 13,842 3.13
March ................... 819 4.43 16 4.31 835 4.43 7,611 3.52 2,916 3.53 10,527 3.52 5,077 3.17 2,212 3.25 7,289 0.19
April ...... ........... 368 4.32 368 4.32 2,637 3.85 1,120 3.78 3,757 3.83 1,076 3.38 1,117 3.79 2,193 3.59
May ..................... 1,495 3.72 816 4.18 2,311 3.88 299 3.32 822 3.49 1,121 3.45
June ................ ....672 3.52 672 3.52 473 3.56 473 3.56
July-August ............... ...
Total or average .......... 5,146 $3.86 I 354 $3.50 5,500 $3.84 | 74,584 $3.34 20,400 |$3.18 1 94,984 $3.311 32,159 $2.97 19,054 $2.89 51,213 $2.94
1932-33
September-October 63 $3.76 63 $3.76
November ... ... 281 $.63 37 $.70 318 $3.64 7,767 $3.52 2,991 3.19 10,758 3.43 2,261 $2.85 2,067 $278 4,328 $281
December ................ 256 2.75 97 3.40 353 2.93 18,659 2.82 2,353 2.74 21,012 2.81 5,605 2.38 2,470 2.72 8,075 2.49
January ..................... 17 3.25 317 3.25 14,211 2.77 3,710 2.82 17,921 2.78 8,097 2.40 3,953 2.62 12,050 2.47
February .................... 285 3.39 81 3.46 366 3.40 13,410 2.41 3,630 2.82 17,040 2.50 12,471 1.94 6,494 2.49 18,965 2.13
March ....................... 206 3.15 203 3.17 409 3.16 17,699 2.87 2,182 2.73 19,881 2.41 21,765 2.06 4,844 2.47 26,609 2.13
April .......................... 113 2.70 29 3.17 142 2.80 12,556 2.05 2,521 2.36 15,077 2.10 13,013 1.79 2,235 2.19 15;248 1.85
May ........................ .. 340 3.44 340 3.44 2,286 233 5 2.00 2,291 2.33 2,585 1.81 1,171 2.02 3,756 1.88
June ........................... 94 3.95 94 3.95 972 2.96 972 2.96 2,605 2.37 2,605 2.37
July-August ................ _118 2.61 __118 2.61 I
Total or average .......... 1,892 $3.28 I 447 $83.32 2,339 $3.29 1 87,560 12.60 17,455 $2.80 1105,015 $2.63 68,520 1$2.08 123.234 [$2.511 91,7.i12.19










-TABLE- 3.-FLORDA O- NGES- MONTHLY 'AVERAGE AUCTION-PRICES -ER BOX "ALLS IZS, I.1 "FIVE "MARKET, BY" VAgY,
ALL GRADES COMBINED.1


Parson Brown


Pineapple


Valencia


New York 1Other-Marketsi All Markets I .New York |Other Markets All Markets 1 New York (Other Marketsa All Markts


| Boxes [Price| Bo l


Boxes 1Pricel .Boxes IPricee


Boxes Price) lkixes Price Boxes |Pricel Bokes (Pi-ice Bowes ice


Month Sold


Pineapple -- ---------`----


___' __ ______ ia81930-31 -

September-October 7,698 $4.94 860 $4.41 8,058 $4.91 875 $4.87 875 $4.87
November .............. 11,594 3.52 6,504 2.99 18,098 3.33 12,784 4.19 7,636 $3.17 20,420 3.81
December ................- 2.8 898 2.26 1;034 2.34 22,;12 3.61 11,905 2.99 34,817 3.40
January .................. 33,722 3.35 11,672 2.89 45,394 3.23
February 31,029 3.44 14,189 3.06 45,218 3.32 1,770 $3.38 1,770 $3.88
March .................22,271 4.08 6295 3.81 28,566 4.02 29,934 3.75 13,370 $3.60 43,304 3.71
April ......1,567 4.05 330 3.40 1,897 3.94 42,774 3.92 22,087 3.71 64,861 3.85
May ...28 3.32 28 3.82 75,189 3.93 53,701 3.73 128,890 9.85
June ..........45761 4.18 27276 3.76 73,07 4.02
July-August ..................__ __ __ 3,759 3.95 180 3.26 3,939 3.92
Total or average .......... 19,428 $4.07 i 7,762 $2.97 | 27,190 1$3.76 1125,188 $3.65 52,027 $3.12 1177,215 $$3.50 1199,187 $3.95 116,614 |$3.72 1315,801 $3.87
1931-32

September-October .137 $1.83 137 $1.83
November ........... 3,067 $3.00 619 2.56 3,686 2.93 3,574 $3.4 2,508 $3.25 6,082 $3.42
December ................ 1,814 3.15 1,814 3.15 20,644 3.50 5,918 3.04 26,562 3.40
January ..................... 16 3.44 16 3.44 33,630 3.41 11,048 3.02 44,678 3.31
February ....... 30,837 3.64 12,260 3.37 43,097 -3.57 612 $4.11 612 $4.11
March .... 9,231 3.80 1,332 3.62 10,563 3.78 4,732 3.96 15,470 $3.70 59,202 8.89
April ....591 4.19 3 3.33 594 4.19 46,338 3.93 24,051 3.84 70,889 3.90
May ..379 8.97 379 8.97 57,347 .68 26,569 3.59 83,16 3.65
"June ........ ........... __ 34,187 3.59 2,118 8.62 86,255 3.59
Total or average .........| 4,897 $3.06 1 756 ]$2.431 5,653 $2.97 98,886|$8.55 88,069 1$3.20 131,95 1$3.46 1182,166 1$3.80 68,208 |$8.70 250,874 |$3.77
1932-3

September-October .. 147 $2.67 147 $2.67
November ........................ 4,466 8.19 642 $8.51 6,008 8.22 8,176 $8.68 1,879 $8.22 4,554 $8.64
December ................. 881 8.42 846 8.28 677 8.88 80,829 8.14 14,888 2.84 45,162 8.04
January ....... 80,878 8.18 11,268 2.96 41,626 8.08
February ........................... 105 1.85 105 1.85 28.791 2.70 9,997 2.71 88,788 2.71
March ......... ..........- 28,259 2.71 8,811 2.58 87,070 2.68 10,792 $2.52 1,814 $2.44 12,608 $2.51
April 6,408 2.51 2,427 2.84 8,880 2.48 89,868 2.51 26,579 2.40 66,442 2.47
May .*. .* : 1,692 2.07 1,692 2.07 67,988 2.25 49,278 2.27 117,261 2.26
ayJune ................................. 422804 2. 1,70 2.8 ,10 2.420
42,804 2.85 12,706 2.68 55,5810 2.42
July-Aueust ................. 8,159 2.72 781 8.08 89202.75
Total or average ...... 5,049 188.16 888 $8;40 5,987 $8.20 1129522 $2.92 48,200 182.78 1177,722 $2.88 169,601 1$2.88 | 91.188 1$2.87 I 280,789 j1287
'Include a small amount of Grade 8 fruit.








TABLE 3.-FLORIDA ORANGES-MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER Box, ALL SIZES,
IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY, ALL GRADES COMBINED1-(ConCluded).

Other Varieties I All Varieties
Month Sold New York ]Other Markesl All Markets I New York [OtherMark AMarkets All Markets
Boxes IPricel Boxes Pricel Boxes IPricel Boxes |Price] Boxes IPricel Boxes IPrice
1930-31

September-October .. 5.632 $4.66 4,584 $3.95 10,216 $4.35 14,205 $4.82 4,944 $3.99 19,149 $4.61
November ... .............. 27,687 3.57 17,895 2.72 45,582 3.24 52,065 3.71 32,035 2.88 84,100 3.39
December .......................... 26,437 3.00 14,675 2.61 41,112 2.86 49,485 3.28 27,478 2.76 76,963 3.10
January ... ......- 30,972 2.93 13,876 2.58 44,848 2.82 64,694 3.15 25,548 2.72 90,242 3.03
February ................ 28,672 3.20 15,278 2.91 43,950 3.10 61.471 3.38 29,467 2.98 90,938 3.22
March -.............. ... 23,360 3.78 3,466 3.49 26,826 3.75 75,565 3.86 23.131 3.64 98,696 3.81
April .......... .............. 9,669 3.72 2,411 3.90 12,080 3.76 54,010 3.89 24.828 3.73 78,838 3.84
May ..................... 5,970 3.88 1,639 4.09 7,609 3.93 81,187 3.93 55,340 3.74 136,527 3.85
June ......................... 2,569 4.08 360 2.98 2,929 3.95 48,330 4.17 27,636 3.75 75,966 4.02
July-Au-ust ...................... 360 4.28___ 360 4.28 4,119 3.98 180 3.26 4,299 3.95
Total or average ........ 1161,328 j$3.39 | 74,184 1$2.89 1235,512 |$3.23 i 505,131 $3.70 | 250,587 |$3.33 1 755,718 1$3.58
1931-32

September-October .. 799 $2.77 799 $2.77 936 $2.64 936 $2.64
November ........................ 11.349 $3.38 5,775 2.83 17,124 3.20 17,990 $3.35 8.902 2.93 26,892 3.21
December .....................- 25,197 3.15 8,280 2.83 33,477 3.07 47,655 3.30 14.198 2.92 61.853 3.21
January ............................ 25,051 2.98 7,108 2.73 32,159 2.92 58,697 3.22 18.156 2.91 76,853 3.15
February ............................ 29,948 3.36 8,975 3.07 38,923 3.29 61.397 3.51 21.235 3.25 82,632 3.44
March ................................ 13,745 3.43 5,144 3.41 18,889 3.43 66.708 3.83 21.946 3.62 88,654 3.78
April ................................. 4,081 3.77 2,237 3.79 6,318 3.77 51,010 3.92 26,291 3.84 77,301 3 89
May ............................. 1.794 3.65 1,789 3.78 3,583 3.72 59,520 3.68 28.358 3.60 87,878 3.65
June .................................... 1,145 3.54 384 2.24 1,529 3.21 35,282 8.59 2,502 3.40 37,784 8.58
Total or average ........:.112,310 [$3.26 I 40,491 |$3.03 152,801 |$3.20 1398,259 |$3.57 142,524 |$3.39 1 540,783 1$3.52
1932-33


September-October ........
November .....................
December .....................
January ...... ...............
February ................
March ......... ...............
April ............. ... .....
May ....::_................-
June .....................
July-August .................


10,309
24,678
22,654
26,166
40,072
2'.756
5,211
3,728
118


'$3.38
2.72
2.64
2.20
2.20
1.92
2.16
2.56
2.61


Total or average ...... 158,692 $2.38


63
5,095
4,927
7,956
10,205
4 833
1,176


63
15,404
29,605
30,610
36,371
47,628
30,589
6,387
3,728
118


41,811 1$2.63 1200,503 1$2.43 1462,864 8$2.54


182,037 $2.54 1 644,901 182.54


'Includes a small amount of Grade 8 fruit.


63
7,016
19,606
19,209
20,202
18.181
33,839
50.454
12,706
761


147
17,950
55,838
53,027
55,062
79,123
79,022
74,886
46,582
8,277


210
24,966
75;444
72,236
75,264
97,304
105,861
125,340
59,238
9,038






Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


refers to a grade above U. S. No. 1 minimum requirements.
Each price was obtained by dividing the total value of the fruit
sold by the number of boxes in the particular lot.
The price per box was usually somewhat higher on the New
York auction than the average of all the other auctions when
the same grades and varieties were compared. However, there
were exceptions to this, notably during the 1932-33 season when
the reverse was frequently true.
The monthly average auction price received for Florida
oranges by variety with all grades combined is shown in Table 3,
and the average seasonal distribution of varieties in Fig. 3. The
variety prices contain third grade fruit in addition to super-
grade, grade 1, and grade 2. This third grade fruit has the
effect of lowering the variety price slightly in most cases, but
is usually too small in volume to be of significance.
For price comparisons between New York and "Other Mar-
kets", Table 2 should be used rather than Table 3, since New
York received a higher proportion of high grade fruit than did
the "Other Markets".
The price received for a variety may depend more upon the
season of the year in which it moved than upon the character-
istics or qualities of the variety itself. In 1931-32 oranges
which sold in the latter part of the season brought the better
average price, whereas in 1932-33 the reverse was true (Fig. 4).
Pineapple oranges seem to have been the preferred variety
on the auctions, though during the peak of their season there
was usually little opportunity to compare them with an adequate
sample of other individual varieties. The heaviest month of
Parson Brown movement comes during the beginning of the
Pineapple season, and the Valencia season does not usually begin
until the movement of Pineapple oranges is declining rapidly
(Figs. 5, 6, and 7). The three-season weighted average price
by varieties is highest for Parson Brown, which brought $3.56
per box, compared with an average of $3.37 for Valencia, $3.26
per box for Pineapple, and $2.95 per box for "Other Varieties".
A five-year average monthly price of all Florida oranges sold
on the five auctions for the seasons 1931-32 to 1935-36, inclusive,
was lower than the prices for the 1930-31 and for the 1931-32
seasons as found in this study. It was also lower than the first
part of the 1932-33 season, but higher than the latter part.
This five-year average, however, covers a period when citrus
prices and returns were frequently unsatisfactory (Fig. 4).







Florida Citrus Prices, 1


up. ,July
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Aug.
Month Sold
Fig. 3.-Seasonal distribution of auction sales of Florida oranges from
31 packinghouses to five markets (average of three seasons, 1930-31, 1931-
32, and 1932-33).

In Table 4 is shown the monthly average auction price of
Florida oranges by grade, irrespective of variety. It should be
remembered, however, that the prices in the first months of
the season are for Parson Brown, Pineapple, and "Other Vari-
eties"; that in midseason they are Pineapple and "Other Vari-









Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


eties"; and that in the latter part of the season they are
predominantly Valencia (Fig. 3). The price of supergrade was
consistently above the price of grade 1 oranges, averaging for
the three seasons 54 cents per box higher; and the price of
grade 1 oranges exceeded the price of grade 2 oranges by an
average of 42 cents per box for the three seasons (Figs. 8, 9,
and 10). The greatest differences occurred in 1932-33 when
there was a smaller proportion of supergrade and grade 1 fruit
than in the preceding two seasons.


*ice p r Box_
-- 1930-31
1931-32

5-year average








t.00 _________________
4.00 -i-



.0-----------------.~U---
SeBt.


Oct. NoT. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. Mar J" ag.
Month Sold
Fig. 4.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida oranges, all sizes,
from 31 packinghouses to five markets, by seasons, compared with a five-
year average, 1931-32 to 1935-36, inclusive, of the total sales of Florida
oranges in the same markets.


Price
per 0ox

.--- plneapple
-*- Valencia







------ -------

SAC


ov. Dec. Jan. 7b. Mar.
Month Sold


Ipr. May JU M&.


Fig. 5.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida oranges, all sizes, by
variety, five markets, 1930-31.


Pr






TABLE 4.-FLORIDA ORANGE--MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER BOX, ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY GRADE,
ALL VARIETIES COMBINED.
I Supergrade I Grade 1 I Grade 2
Month Sold New York 1Other Marketsl All Markets I New York lOther Marketsa All Markets I New York [Other Marketsl All Markets
SBoxes IPricel Boxes Pricel Boxes |Price[ Boxes Pricel Boxes |Priel Boxes |Price| Boxes (Pricel Boxes IPricel Boxes [Price

1930-31

September-October 390 $5.72 390 $5.72 11,921 $4.92 2,539 $4.43 14,460 $4.84 1,795 $4.05 2,341 $3.55 4,136 $3.77
November ............. 6,360 4.67 60 $4.83 6,420 4.67 89,101 3.70 15,769 3.11 54,870 3.53 6,594 2.87 15,736 2.66 22,330 2.72
December ............. 7,019 4.01 393 3.66 7,412 3.99 35,090 3.22 12,107 3.08 47,197 3.19 7,280 2.87 14.938 2.49 22,218 2.61
January ................... 9,470 3.60 100 3.91 9,570 3.61 43,590 3.15 11,646 2.92 55,236 3.10 11,634 2.75 13,802 2.55 25,436 2.64
February ....... .... 10,429 3.63 816 3.27 11,245 3.60 38,188 3.34 14,762 3.07 52,950 3.27 12,854 3.04 13,889 2.87 26,743 2.95
March ................... 11,084 4.23 187 4.06 11,271 4.22 54,221 3.85 143,80 3.78 68,601 8.83 10,242 3.51 8,247 3.47 18,489 3.49
April .. ................... 3,203 4.15 87 3.83 3,290 4.14 40,861 3.92 12,021 3.81 52,882 3.89 9,946 3.67 12,720 3.65 22,666 3.66 t
May ................. 9,30 4.32 725 4.04 10,055 4.30 54,769 3.95 25,662 3.87 80,431 3.92 17,028 3.66 27,532 3.64 44,560 3.65
June ....................... 508 5.06 508 5.06 32,305 4.36 12,735 4.01 45,040 4.26 15,451 3.77 14,565 3.55 30,016 3.66
JulyAgust ... .... 2,077 4.24 2,077 4.24 1,627 3.75 180 3.26 1,807 3.70
Total or average .......... 57,793 |$4.07 I 2,368 $3.72 60,161 $4.05 352,123 |$3.74 I 121,6211$3.51 I 473,744 [$3.68 I 94,4511$3.36 | 123,950 $3.15 218,401 $3.24
1931-32

September-October ... 784 $2.86 784 $2.86 127 $1.57 127 $1.57
November .................... 787 $3.78 1 $3.00 788 $3.78 13,497 $3.47 5,576 3.15 19,073 3.38 3,706 $2.81 3,325 2.56 7,031 2.69
December ...................... 4,587 3.88 378 3.27 4,965 3.83 30,227 3.39 8,381 3.04 38,608 3.32 12,841 2.89 5,439 2.71 18,280 2.83
January .............. 5,955 3.65 217 3.93 6,172 3.66 38,863 3.28 7,783 3.16 46,646 3.26 13,879 2.89 9,902 2.70 23,781 2.81
February ................ 3,005 4.08 245 3.69 3,250 4.05 41,484 3.56 9,219 3.32 50,703 3.52 16,725 3.27 11.277 3.17 28,002 3.23
March ........ ..... 5,756 4.42 87 4.45 5,843 4.42 46,907 3.91 9.610 3.60 56,517 3.85 13,735 3.35 11.901 3.65 25,636 3.49
April .............. .... 5,790 4.59 32 5.31 5,822 4.59 35,990 3.92 9,516 3.89 45,506 3.91 8,884 3.53 16.360 3.82 25,244 3.72
May ....... 111 4.62 111 4.62 42,769 3.80 11,334 3.74 54,103 3.79 16,470 8.36 15,950 3.52 32,420 3.44 .O
June ............................ __ 22,586 3.71 963 3.73 23,549 3.71 12,596 3.38 872 3.65 13,468 3.39
Total or average .......... 25,991 1$4.13 1 960 $3.70 26,951 [$4.11 1272,323 $3.65 63,166 1$3.45 335.489 1$3.62 I 98,836 1$3.21 | 75,153 $3.34 173,989 |$3.27

1932-33

September-October .......... 81 $2.88 63 $3.76 144 $3.26 66 $2.41 66 $2.41
November ........................... 415 $3.83 37 $3.70 452 $3.82 13,206 3.56 3,014 3.19 16,220 3.49 3,920 2.86 3,965 $3.03 7,885 2.94
December ........................ 4,333 8.66 192 3.28 4,525 3.64 40,576 3.00 9,503 2.87 50,079 2.97 10,771 2.52 9,853 2.76 20,624 2.64
January ........................ 3,638 3.72 180 3.41 3,818 8.71 36,663 3.02 7,329 2.97 43,992 3.01 12,577 2.41 11,407 2.78 23,984 2.59
February ................... 2,493 3.42 314 3.22 2,807 8.40 32,022 2.66 6,483 2.82 38,505 2.69 20,497 2.03 13,370 2.57 33,867 2.25
March ....................... 2,991 3.70 512 3.11 3,503 3.61 38,225 2.61 5,282 2.74 43,507 2.63 36,435 2.14 12,016 2.46 48,451 2.22
April ........................... 2,140 3.50 29 3.17 2,169 3.50 39,488 2.47 7,155 2.55 46,643 2.49 29,377 1.99 26,095 2.35 55,472 2.16
May ............................. 3,748 3.23 575 2.82 4,323 3.17 35,579 2.41 6,598 2.52 42,177 2.42 33,932 1.98 43,281 2.21 77,213 2.11
June ................................. 675 3.84 227 3.3 902 3.72 11,408 2.79 1,627 3.08 13,035 2.83 32,583 2.23 10,715 2.54 43,298 2.30
July-August ..................-. 1,168 2.87 37 3.38 1,205 2.88 6,368 2.73 724. 3.02 7,092 2.76
. Total or average ....I 20,433 [$3.56 2,066 $3.12 | 22,499 1$3.52 1248,416 |$2.75 I 47,091 $2.80 1 295,507 |$2.760 186,526 |$2.17 | 131,426 $2.45 317,952 |$2.28 -4









Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


Price
per .oT
--- Parson Brown
------ Pineapple
l-- Tencia
$5.00 Other arietl e-




4.00 ''- -



3.00 ^^ -------- ---*--_ ^ ---- -- ---- ----
3.00

/


2._00




l.00


Sept.
Oct.


Nov. Dec. Jan. eb.
Month Sold


Mar. Apr. Mw J.m


Fig. 6.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida oranges, all sizes, by
variety, in five markets, 1931-32.


Prie or son _________
Paron Brown
------ Pineapple
-V-*--TValencia
4--- Other aritii













1.00 --*- -


Got. Nov. Dec. Jan. Teb. Mar.
Month Sold
S*o data for JanuarM


Apr. MY June


Fig. 7.-Monthly average prices of Florida oranges, all sizes, by variety,
in five markets, 1932-33.

MONTHLY AVERAGE GRAPEFRUIT PRICES

The monthly average price received for grapefruit on the
auctions showed a generally downward trend in 1930-31 and
1932-33. In 1931-32 the average price received each month
declined to about the middle of the season and then turned up-







Florida Citrus Prices, I


ward. Each of the three seasons as found in this study was
above a five-year monthly average price of all Florida grape-
fruit sold on the five auctions 1931-32 to 1935-36, inclusive, with
the exception of the last months of the 1930-31 and 1932-33
seasons, when prices were lower. The price trend of the 1930-31
season was perhaps the most nearly like the five-year average,
until May, when it rapidly declined (Fig. 11).

Prioc

------adr 1










a. Dc. : b. H. pr. MW-vg
$.00












Fig. 8.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida oranges, all sizes, by
grade, in five markets, 1930-31.




*----- --------- ---










Oct. Nor. Dec. Jan. eob. uMa. Apr. May Jo e .
Nonth Sold
Fig. 9.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida oranges, all sizes, by
grade, in five markets, 1931-32.
grade, in five markets, 1931-32.


































Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Aug.
Month Sold
Fig. 10.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida oranges, all sizes, by grade, in five markets, 1932-83.



















3.00.

3.0- ^-----------------


2.00 -- -----



1.00

Sept. July
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Aug.
Month Sold
Fig. 11.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida grapefruit, all sizes, from 31 packinghouses to five mar-
kets, by seasons, compared with a 5-year average, 1931-32 to 1935-36, inclusive, of the total sales of Florida
grapefruit in the same markets.









TABLE 5.-FLRIDA GRAPEPRUIT-MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCION PRICES PER Box, ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY
AND GRADE.
Marsh Seedless
Month Sold Supergrade I Grade 1 I Grade 2
New York |Other Markets| All Markets I New York Other Markesl All Markets I New York |Other Markets! All Markets
SBoxes Pricel Boxes |Price| Boxes IPricel Boxes IPrice Boxes IPrice! Boxes IPricel Boxes |Pricel Boxes |Pricee Boxes IPrice
1930-31

September-October --- 81 $0.79 81 0.79 206 $0.56 206 $0.56
NoDecember ---------..... 26 3.77 26 3.77 39 3.46 39 3.46
JaDecember .... 517 $4.72 22 2.23 539 4.62 83 $4.46 83 4.46
January ........... .... 1,034 4.39 1,838 3.44 2,872 3.78 182 3.26 934 2.93 1,116 2.98
February ................. 15 4.40 15 $4.40 4,728 3.15 1,211 8.00 5,939 3.12 356 2.87 1,894 2.61 2,250 2.65
March.. ....... 612 8.03 612 3.08 6,653 3.62 2,099 2.90 8,752 3.45 799 2.60 1,774 8.00 2,573 2.88
April................... 1,445 3.72 152 $3.30 1,597 3.68 14,735 3.74 7,962 3.08 22,697 8.51 3,233 2.84 9,170 2.62 12,403 2.68
May .. .. ............ 8,323 3.54 468 3.40 3,786 3.52 24,712 3.23 9,802 2.74 34,514 3.09 6,179 2.22 15,517 2.25 21,696 2.24
June 493 8.45 27 4.11 520 3.48 13,120 2.59 8,336 2.44 21,456 2.53 8,810 1.85 15,253 1.90 24,063 1.88
July-August...- 1,786 1.34 224 1.48 2,010 1.35 1,319 1.48 771 2.42 2,090 1.83
Total or average ....- 5,888 |$8.52 642 |$3.41 | 6,530 |$8.51 67,285 1$8.23 i 31,601 $2.80 F 98,886 [$3.09 I 20,9611$2.16 1 45,558 ($2.26 ] 66,519 $2.23

1931-32

September-October .-- 23 $4.09 28 $4.09 21 $3.81 21 $3.81
november .......---- 691 3.14 154 $3.88 845 3.18 684 2.79 270 $2.61 954 2.74
December 1,758 3.19 358 2.59 2,116 3.09 582 2.51 469 2.87 1,051 2.45
January ....-...........- 610 $3.49 610 $8.49 1.297 3.03 595 2.54 1,892 2.88 250 2.81 725 2.06 975 2.25
February ................ 2,240 2.93 53 $2.53 2,293 2.92 11,728 2.61 3,108 2.39 14,836 2.57 2,422 1.99 8,044 2.12 5,466 2.06
March ................. 1,829 8.22 45 2.67 1,874 8.21 14,902 2.90 3,179 2.48 18,081 2.83 4,309 2.49 4,574 2.34 8,883 2.41
April ...... .............. 1,368 8.43 85 8.72 1,448 8.45 14,486 8.38 8,564 3.05 28,050 3.26 7,201 2.74 5,676 2.81 12,877 2.77
ay.................... 14,671 3.82 7,544 3.94 22,215 8.86 9,080 8.38 2,008 8.60 11,038 3.88
Jw'e ...........__ __ 4,540 4.56 108 8.86 4,648 4.55 1,810 3.88 468 3.40 2,273 8.74
Total or average -..... 6,042 $8.19 188 1$3.11 6,225 1$8.19 I 64,096 $8.30 | 23,610 1$8.16 | 87,706 $8.2626,809 1$2.91 | 17,229 $2.62 [ 43,588 ]$2.79

1932-88

September-October ...816 $3.50 16 $8.50 22 $8.28 22 $8.23
november ................... 228 $5.02 228 $5.02 1,870 $4.28 102 4.29 1,472 4.28 1,182 $8.67 121 8.02 1,258 8.60
December ................... 80 8.80 80 8.80 1,149 8.86 2,869 4.05 8,818 8.82 1,705 2.49 1,854 8.18 8,059 2.77
January ............. 2855 4.55 255 4.55 1,758 8.40 888 8.87 2,148 8.48 1,198 2.15 168 8.02 1,861 2.26
February ........................... 490 4.20 490 4.20 8,878 8.48 1,209 8.47 4,582 8.44 1,766 2.28 1,447 2.85 8,218 2.54
March ....... ...... 841 8.80 82 $8.9 878 8.80 7,755 8.01 8,874 8.84 11,629 8.12 4,821 2.29 7,164 2.66 11985 2.51
April ........................ 1,845 8.84 1,845 8.84 7,176 2.75 5,298 8.88 18,069 2.99 6,588 1.98 8,028 2.54 14,611 2.26
May ............................. .. 415 2.81 67 8.46 482 2.90 5,186 2.06 4,886 2.78 10,072 2.41 11,889 1.64 9,269 2.08 21,158 1.88
June A. t 68 8.40 68 8.40 2,864 2.18 2,175 2.48 4.589 2.29 8,426 1.78 4,119 2.16 7,545 1.97
Jul A t ...................... 8,708 2.54 664 2.12 4,872 2.48 10,517 2.00 888 1.94 11870 2.00
Total or average .......... 4,099 -8.65 L 162 $8.48 4.261 8.6 84,486 1i2.82 20.976j8.18 55,412 1$2.96 48,087 $1.981 82,540 $2.421 75,577 $2.17







TABLE 5.-FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT-MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER Box, ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY
AND GRADE (Concluded).
Other Varieties
Month Sold Supergra e Grade 1 Grade 2
New York |Other Marketsl All Markets I New York |Other Marke'sl All Markets I New York |Other Marke s All Markets
Boxes IPricel Boxes |Price| Boxes IPrice Boxes IPrice! Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes |Pricel Boxes [Price Boxes [Price
1930-31

September-October.... 21,945 $4.12 12,224 $3.61 34,169 $3.94 5,702 $3.57 13,751 $3.02 19,453 $3.18
November ....................... 4,873 $3.52 1,144 $3.38 6,017 $3.49 27,073 3.52 16,417 3.02 43,490 3.33 6,674 2.98 10,874 2.69 17,548 2.80
December ........................ 1944 3.55 529 3.40 2,473 3.52 24,234 3.23 18,589 2.85 42,823 3.07 5,069 2.71 15,699 2.39 20,768 2.47
January ......................... 3,294 3.20 73 3.71 3,367 3.21 28,957 3.06 20,388 2.80 49,345 2.95 5,681 2.38 26,525 2.41 32,296 2.40
February ................. 1,022 3.14 27 3.44 1,049 3.15 23,084 2.92 11,667 2.67 34,751 2.84 3,258 2.34 16,855 2.21 20,113 2.23
March ....................... 3,673 2.94 257 2.88 3,930 2.94 23,376 2.82 12,219 2.66 35,595 2.76 1,380 2.26 13,250 2.33 14,630 2.32
April ............................ 3,466 3.52 188 3.06 3,654 3.50 19,116 2.92 5,176 2.67 24,292 2.86 7,865 2.46 11,776 2.28 19,641 2.35
May ...................... 304 3.41 92 3.57 396 3.44 17,744 2.40 4,696 2.48 22,440 2.42 5,958 1.90 7,356 1.97 13,314 1.94
June ......................-- 8,569 1.86 1,642 2.15 10,211 1.91 5,489 1.31 3,247 1.82 8,736 1.50
July-August .................... 211 .78 211 .78 360 .22 360 .22
Total or average ..........I 18,576 $3.33 I 2,310 $3.32 20,886 ]$3.33 194,309 1$3.09 | 103,018 $2.88 1 297,327 1$3.02 1 47,076 $2.47 119,693 |$2.40 ] 166,769 1$2.42

1931-32

September-October 11,467 $3.32 9,359 $3.06 20,826 $3.21 2,667 $2.89 8,312 $2.81 10,979 $2.83
November .................. 2,365 $3.33 721 $3.42 3,086 $3.36 24,627 3.02 11,282 2.72 85,909 2.93 11,028 2.40 12,605 2.34 23,633 2.37
December ................ 2,808 2.88 366 2.84 3,174 2.87 29,125 2.57 8,148 2.47 37,273 2.54 15,213 2.06 10,439 2.13 25,652 2.09
January ........................ 2,359 2.66 352 2.90 2,711 2.69 25,281 2.45 12,027 2.33 37,308 2.41 11,528 1.99 9,441 1.99 20,969 1.99
February ............................ 934 2.54 259 2.72 1,193 2.58 25,121 2.23 5,486 2.21 30,607 2.23 12,328 1.75 4,177 1.98 16,505 1.81
March .......................... 868 2.57 18 2.83 886 2.58 17,480 2.50 5,216 2.18 22,696 2.42 9,647 2.02 4,174 2.02 13,821 2.02
April ......................... 852 .6 75 .56 927 3.66 7,124 2.87 2,383 3.16 9,507 2.94 4,574 2.48 2,544 2.86 7,118 2.62
May ..-........................... 1,849 3.42 1,422 3.69 3,271 3.54 2,009 3.15 727 2.87 2,76 3.08
June ........................ 585 4.61 54 3.61 639 4.52 1,338 3.43 679 2.33 2,017 3.06
July-August -............ 509 4.81 509 4.81 1,191 3.54 1,191 3.54
Total or average -....I 10,186 1$2.94 1,791 1$3.10 1 11,977 $2.97 1143,168 $2.66 5 55,377 1$2.60 1 98,545 |$2.64 71,523 $2.18 53,098 |$2.29 124,621 1$2.23

1932-33


September-October
November ................... 391 $3.73
December .................. 788 3.56
January .................. 643 3.70
February .............. 464 3.38
March......................... 617 8.07
April .......................... 162 3.08
May ......... .................
June ..............................
July-August ...
Total or average ......... 3,065 $3.46


22 $4.55
680 3.45
392 2.53
14 3.21
13 2.85
89 3.18

185 2.70

1,395 1$3.09 I


22 $4.55 3,954 $3.71
1,071 3.55 15,984 3.27
1,180 3.22 18,093 2.47
657 3.69 10,748 2.53
477 3.37 10,886 2.37
706 3.09 11,106 2.12
162 3.08 6,546 2.10
1,861 1.93
185 2.70 1,367 2.23
1,266 2.06
4,460 I$3.34 1 81.811 $2.58


5,596 $4.08
9,777 3.55
9,907 3.11
5,399 2.86
5,582 2.85
2,754 2.63
1,005 1.85
1,602 1.98
328 2.84
256 2.54
42.206 $3.16


9,550 $3.93
25,761 3.38
28,000 2.70
16,147 2.64
16,468 2.53
13,860 2.22
7,551 2.06
3,463 1.95
1,695 2.35
1,522 2.14
124,017 !$2.78


2,148 $3.46
11,216 2.89
19,317 1.95
8,870 1.91
9,915 1.72
17,660 1.45
11,514 1.53
4,908 1.36
3,089 1.53
6,753 1.71
95,3901$1.86


75,759 $2.30 I 171,1491


I


*O
1!











C


$3.40
2.88
2.14
2.12
2.00
1.67
1.63
1.39
1.57
1.76
$2.06 C0


6,972
20,815
33,600
19,030
21,858
31,369
18,103
7,012
4,647
7,743


,


4,824
9,599
14,283
10,160
11,943
13,709
6,589
2,104
1,558
990






Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


Hmber of
boxes
(000 onitted

807 Marsh Seedless
80














10


sept. Jly
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June jug.
Month Sold
Fig. 12.-Seasonal distribution of auction sales of Florida grapefruit
from 31 packinghouses to five markets (average of three seasons, 1930-31,
1931-32, and, 1932-33).

A comparison of the average auction price of Marsh Seedless
arid "Other Varieties" of grapefruit, by grade, is given in
Table 5. In 1932-33 the prices were usually higher in the "Other
Markets" than in New York for both:Marsh Seedless and "Other
Varieties". In 1930-31 and 1931-32 the New York auction
usually paid the higher price. Most of the exceptions noted
ire in grade 2 fruit.
All grades have Ibeen combined in Table 6 to obtain a variety
price. ;Third grade fruit, not previously shown, is included.
Marsh Seedless grapefruit brought a higher average price than
the "Q;0ter Varieties", although in 1930-31 the season average
price wTaS lower. This, however, was due to the generally down-
ward. trend of grapefruit prices that season which gave the
"Other Varieties" an advantage in price because of the differ-
ence in seasonal distribution (Fig. 12). In every month of 1930-







TABLE 6.-FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT--MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER Box, ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY,
ALL GRADES COMBINED.1
Marsh Seedless I Other Varieties I All Varieties
SMonth Sold New York IOther Marke*s| All Markets I New York jOther Marke'sl All Markets I New York |Other MarketsL All Markets
IBoxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricee Boxes PriPiel Boxes Pri Boxes Price Boxes IPrice Boxes IPricel Boxes IPrice
__1930-31

September-October..... 287 $0.63 287 $0.63 27,763 $4.01 26.446 $3.29 54,209 $3.66 27.763 $4.01 26.733 $3.26 54,496 $3.64
November ........... .. 65 3.58 65 3.58 38,700 3.42 28,501 2.91 67,201 3.21 38,700 3.42 28,566 2.91 67,266 3.21
December ................ 600 $4.59 22 2.23 622 4.60 31.247 3.17 34,817 2.65 66.064 2.90 31,847 3.20 34,839 2.65 66,686 2.91
January ..................... 1,216 4.22 3,132 3.16 4.348 3.46 37.932 297 46.986 2.58 84.918 2.75 39,148 3.01 50,118 2.62 89,266 2.79
February .................-- 5,099 3.14 3.477 2.62 8.576 2.93 27,364 2.86 28.549 2.40 55,913 2.63 32,463 2.91 32,026 2.43 64,489 2.67
March .............................. 8,064 3.47 4,050 2.93 12,114 8.29 28,429 2.81 26,579 2.48 55,008 2.65 36,493 2.96 30,629 2.54 67,122 2.77
April ...................... 19,413 3.59 17,421 2.83 36,834 3.23 30,447 2.87 17.543 2.41 47,990 2.70 49,860 3.15 34.964 2.62 84,824 2.93
May .................................. 34.214 3.08 25,822 2.45 60,036 2.81 24.0061 2.29 12.572 2.16 36,578 2.24 58,220 2.75 38,394 2.36 96,614 2.59
June .......................... 22,426 2.31 23,693 2.09 46,119 2.20 14,059 1.65 4,889 1.93 18,948 1.72 36,485 2.06 28,582 2.06 65,067 2.06
July-Auoust ..................... 3.105 1.40 995 2.21 4,100 1.60! 211 .78 360 .22 571! .431 3,316 1.36 1,355 1.68 4.671 1.45
Total or average .......... 94.137 $3.01 I 78,964 ($2.48 1173,101 1$2.77 1260.158 3.00 227.242 12.63 1487.400 1$2.82 1354.295 |$3.00 1306.206 $2.59 660,501 1$2.81
1931-32

September-October ...... 44 $3.95 44 $3.95 14,201 $3.24 17,927 $2.94 32,128 $3.07 14,245 $3.24 17,927 $2.94 32,172 $3.07
November ................. 1,375 2.96 424 $2.89 1,799 2.95 38,091 2.86 24,665 2.54 62,756 2.73 39,466 2.86 25,089 2.55 64,555 2.74
December .............. 2,40 3.02 827 2.47 3,167 2.87 47,146 2.42 18,954 2.29 66,100 2.38 49,486 2.45 19,781 2.29 69,267 2.40
January .................... 2,157 3.13 1,320 2.27 3,477 2.81 39,168 2.33 22,049 2.18 61,217 2.28 41,325 2.37 23.369 2.19 64,694 2.31
February ....... ...... 16,390 2.56 6,205 2.26 22,595 2.48 38,383 2.09 9,922 2.13 48,305 2.10 54,773 2.23 16,127 2.18 70,900 2.22
March ...................... 21,162 2.84 8.133 2.37 29,295 2.71 28,164 2.33 9,767 2.09 37,931 2.27 49,326 2.55 17,900 2.22 67,226 2.46
April ...-......... ..... 23,213 3.18 15,744 2.94 38,957 3.08 12,581 2.78 5,502 2.89 18,083 2.81 35,794 3.04 21,246 2.93 57,040 3.00 .
May. ..........-. ....... .. 24.767 3.61 10,920 3.78 35,687 3.66 3,858 3.28 2,736 3.22 6.594 3.25 28,625 3.56 13.656 3.67 42,281 3.60
June......... 6,350 4.35 1,054 3.89 7,404 4.22 1,924 3.78 2,452 2.20 4,376 2.90 8274 4.22 3,506 2.56 11,780 3.73
JulyrAugust .....______ 1,700 3.92 __ 1,700 3.92 1,700 3.92 1,700 3.92
'Total or average 1 97.798 l3:18 I 44.627 9$2.93 1142425 1$3.10 1225.216 $2.52 I 113.974 1$2.44 839.190 1$2.49 1323.014 1$2.72 158,601 1$2.58 1 481,615 |$2.67


1932-33

September-October .......... 38 $3.34 38 $3.34 6,152 $3.62 10,822 $3.74 16,974 $3.70 6,152 $3.62 10,860 $3.74 17,012 $3.70
Novetaber ........................ 2,725 $4.09 223 3.60 2,948 4.05 27,644 3.12 20,715 3.19 48,359 3.15 30,369 3.21 20,938 3.19 51,307 3.20
December .... ......... 2,924 286 3,723 3.71 6,647 3.34 38,387 2.23 24,686 2.68 63,073 2.40 41,311 2.27 28,409 2.81 69,720 2.49
Jandury......... ...... ,203 .3L03 556 .3.61 3,759 3.11 20;953. 2.27 15,636 2.50. 36,589 2.37 24,156 2.37 16,192 2.54 40,348 2.44
Febiiar ........................... 5,638 3.13 2,930 3.08 8,568 8.11 21,809 2.08 18,164 2.43 39,973 2.24 27,447 2.29 21,094- 2.52 48,541 2.29
March .......................... ...... 14,161 2,76 -12,693 2.83 26,854 ? 79 29 2 4 1.74 18192 2.03 47.S26 1.85 43,795- 2.07 30,885 2.36 74,680 2.19
April ................ 16,209 2.49 13,864 2.81 80,073 2.01 ',722 1.75 7,661 1.80 25,853 1.76 34,431 2.10 21,525 2.45 4.2 6 2.23
May: .............. ........... 17,490 1.79 14.222 2.833 31,712 2.03 6,769 1.51 3,706 1.69 10,475 1.58 24,259 1.71 17,92 2.20 42,187 1.92
June ...................... 6,790 1 89 6.3,7 2.28 12,147 2.10 4,456 1.74 2,071 1.93 6,527 1.80 10,246 1.83 8,428 2.20 18,674 1.99
July-Auguit ......::...;. .. 4,225 2.14 1.517 2.02 15,742 2.13 8,019 1.77, 1,246 2.14 9,265 1.82 22,244 2.01 2,763 2.07 25,007 2.02
Totl or average ....:... 82.36 |$2.42 | 56,123 $2.10 138,48$ $2.58 _182,045 $2.21 1122,899 1$2.60 304,944 1$2.37 1264,410 1$2.28 | 179,022 |$2.63 1 443,432 $2.42
'Includes a small amount of Grade 3 fruit.







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


31, except September-October, Marsh Seedless received a prem-
ium in New York over the price received for "Other Varieties".
This was true in "Other Markets" also if December be eliminated
when only 22 boxes of Marsh Seedless were sold (Figs. 13, 14,
and 15).
Because of the proportionately larger shipments of high grade
fruit to New York than to the "Other Markets", comparisons
of price between New York and "Other Markets" should be
made only within the same variety and grade.
In Table 7 is shown the average prices of grapefruit by grade,
irrespective of variety (Figs. 16, 17, and 18). The average
premium paid for supergrade over grade 1 was smaller in dol-
lars for grapefruit than for oranges, and averaged 40 cents per
box for the three seasons-the largest difference occurring in
1932-33. Grade 1 grapefruit brought an average of 62 cents
per box more than grade 2, with the greatest difference also
in 1932-33.

MONTHLY AVERAGE PRICES OF MANDARINS
The monthly average price received for Florida mandarins
sold at auction is shown by grades in Table 8; and the average
variety price, including a small amount of third grade fruit,
in Table 9. Temple oranges were sold mainly in the months of
January, February, March, and April, while the tangerine season
began in November and was practically over by April (Fig. 19).
Price per Box
-- -VArh ndlln
S---- Oth. Twrietio







et. /St





Oct. N o .. Za. 7.010b. s. ~ W. At AM.
Xoc~k gold
Fig. 13.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida grapefruit, all sizes.
by variety, in five markets, 1930-31.












Price per Box
$5.00 -


4.00




3.00


o.00 I
Sept.
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June
Month Sold
Fig. 14.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida grapefruit, all sizes, by variety, in five markets, 1981-32.










Price per Box
65.00
---- UaraSh needless -


Other Yarieties

x-




><~ -_ -


4.00




3.00




2.00


Sept.
t. Nov. De. Ja. JMar. Apr. May Jae g.
Month Sold
Fig. 15.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida grapefruit, all sizes, by variety, in five markets, 1982-88.










Cost


b. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June
Month Sold
Fig. 16.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida grapefruit, all sizes, by grade, in five markets, 1930-31.







Price


Sept.
Oct. NoT. Deo. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May JSne
Month Sold
Fig. 17.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida grapefruit, all sizes, by grade, in five markets, 1981-82.








Price
per Bo:


o00





,00





-*--. -.---.* *






.00
Sept. July
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Aug.
Month Sold
Fig. 18.-Monthly average auction prices of Florida grapefruit, all sizes, by grade, in five markets, 1932-33.









TABLE 7.-FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT-MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER Box, ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY GRADE,
ALL VARIETIES COMBINED.
I Supergrade I Grade 1 I Grade 2
Month Sold New York IOther Marketsl All Markets I New York ]Other Marketsl All Markets I New York IOther Marketsl All Markets
I Box ie Boxes |Pricel Boxes I Pricel Boxes ri Boxes Pricel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPrieel Boxes IPricel Boxes IPricel Boxes |Price
1930-31
September-October ...21,945 $4.12 12,05 $3.59 34,250 $3.93 5,702 $3.57 13,957 $2.99 19,659 $3.16
November ............... 4,873 $3.52 1,144 $3.38 6,017 3.49 27,073 3.52 16,443 3.02 43,516 3.33 6,674 2.98 10,913 2.70 17,587 2.80
December .................. 1,944 3.55 529 3.40 2,473 3.52 24,751 3.26 18,611 2.85 43,362 3.09 5,152 2.74 15,699 2.39 20,851 2.48
January ..................... 3,294 3.20 73 3.71 3,367 3.21 29,991 3.10 22,226 2.85 52,217 3.00 5,863 2.41 27,459 2.42 33,322 2.42
February ................ 1,037 3.16 27 3.44 1,064 3.16 27,812 2.96 12,878 2.70 40,690 2.88 3,614 2.40 18,749 2.25 22,363 2.27
March ..... .............. 4,285 2.95 257 2.88 4,542 2.95 30,029 3.00 14,318 2.69 44,347 2.90 2,179 2.39 15,024 2.41 17,203 2.41
April ................................ 4,911 3.58 340 3.17 5,251 3.55 33,851 3.28 13,138 2.92 46989 3.18 11,098 2.57 20,946 2.43 32,044 2.48
May ... ............. 3,627 3.53 555 3.43 4,182 3.51 42,456 2.88 14,498 2.66 56,954 2.83 12,137 2.06 22,873 2.16 35,010 2.12
June ................493 3.45 27 4.11 520 3.48 21,689 2.30 9,978 2.39 31,667 2.33 14,299 1.64 18,500 1.89 32,799 1.78
July-August .................1,997 1.28 224 1.48 2,221 1.30 1,319 1.48 1,131 1.72 2,450 1.59
Total or average .......... 24,464 $3.38 | 2,952 13.34 1 27,416 $3.37 1261,594 [$3.13 1 134,619 |$2.86 396,213 1$3.04 | 68,037 $2.37 165,251 1$2.36 233,288 $2.87
1931-32
September-October .......... 11,490 $3.33 9,359 $3.06 20,849 $8.21 2,688 $2.90 8,812 $2.81 11,000 $2.88
November ................... 2,365 $3.33 721 $3.42 3,086 $3.36 25,318 3.02 11,436 2.73 36,754 2.93 11,712 2.42 12,875 2.34 24,587 2.38
December ...............2,808 2.88 366 2.84 ,174 2.87 30,883 2.60 8,506 2.47 39,389 2.57 15,795 2.07 10,908 2.14 26,703 2.10
January .. ................... 2,969 2.83 352 2.90 3,321 2.84 26,578 2.48 12,622 2.34 39,200 2.44 11,778 2.01 10,166 2.00 21,944 2.01
February .. .............. 3,174 2.82 312 2.69 3,486 2.80 36,849 2.35 8,594 2.28 45,443 2.34 14,750 1.79 7,221 2.04 21,971 1.87
March .......................... 2,697 3.01 63 2.71 2,760 3.00 32,382 2.68 8,395 2.29 40,777 2.60 13,956 2.16 8,748 2.19 22,704 2.17
April .. ................ 2,21 3.52 160 364 2,75 3.53 21,610 3.21 10,947 8.07 32,557 3.16 11,775 2.64 8,220 2.83 19,995 2.72
May ...................................... 16,520 3.77 8,966 8.90 25,486 8.82 11,089 8.80 2,785 3.40 13,774 8.82
June ................................. 5,125 4.7 162 3.78 5,287 4.54 8,148 3.66 1,142 2.76 4,290 8.42
July-August ........... 509 4.81 509 4.81 1,191 3.54 1,191 8.54
Total or average .......... 16,2281$3.031 1,974 $3.10 1 8,202$8.04 1207,264 |$2.86 78,987 1$2.77 286,2511$2.88 97,832 $2.88 1 70,327 |$2.37 1168,159 $2.87
1982-88
September-October ...22 $4.55 22 $4.55 3,954 $3.71 5,612 $4.07 9,566 $8.92 2,148 $8.46 4,846 $8.87 6,994 $8.89
November ................ 614 $4.20 680 8.45 1,294 8.80 17,854 8.85 9,879 8.55 27,288 8.48 12,848 2.96 9,720 2.87 22,068 2.92
December .................. 818 8.57 892 2.58 1,210 8.24 19,242 2.58 12,276 8.29 81,518 2.82 21,022 2.00 156687 2.45 86,659 2.19
January .............................. 898 8.94 14 8.21 912 8.98 12,508 2.65 5,787 2.98 18,290 2.74 10,063 1.94 10,828 2.82 20,891 2.18
February ........................... 954 8.80 18 2.85 967 8.79 14,259 2.62 6,791 2.96 21,050 2.78 11,681 1.80 18,890 2.80 25,071 2.07
March ......................... 1,458 8.49 121 8.81 1,579 8.48 18,81 2.49 6,628 8.05 25,489 2.68 22,481 1.68 20,878 2.20 4,854 1.90
April .......................... 2,007 8.82 2,007 8.82 14,822 2.45 6,298 8.10 20,620 2.65 18,102 1.68 14,612 2.20 82,714 1.91
May .............................. 415 2.81 67 8.46 482 2.90 7,047 2.02 6,488 2.68 18,585 2.29 16,797 1.55 11,878 1.97 28,170 1.72
June 248 2.88 248 2.88 8,781 2.17 2,503 2.52 6,284 2.81 6,515 1.68 5,677 2.02 12,192 1.81
July-August ............ 4,974 2.42 920 2.24 5,894 2.89 17,270 1.89 1,848 1.99 19,118 1.90
Total or average .......... 7,164 I$8.57 1,557 $8.18 8,721 t$8.49 116,247 182.65 68,182 1$8.17 1 179,429 $2.88 1188,427 $1.90 108,299 $2.88 1 246,726 $2.09










TABLE 8.-FLORIDA MANDARINS-MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER HALF-Box, ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY
VARIETY AND GRADE.
Temple
Supergrade Grade 1 1 Grade 2
Month Sold New York IOther Marketal All Markets I New York [Other Marketsl All Markets I New York [Other Marketsl All Markets
*Half- I IHalf- Half- I Half- I Half- l f- I Half- I Half- | | Half- I Half- |
boxes Price boxes Price boxes IPrie boxes Price boxes Price boxes Pricel boxes IPrice boxes ]Price| boxes Price
1930-31

November ......................... 151 $1.69 151 $1.69 145 $0.72 145 $0.72
December ......................... 52 1.10 52 1.10
January ........ ... 16 $2.56 16 $2.56 38 2.16 165 $1.25 203 1.42 123 $1.52 11 1.64 134 1.53
February ...... ... 157 2.8 20 $265 177 2.76 1,899 3.34 1,616 2.45 3,515 2.93 1,595 2.92 1,044 2.21 2,639 2.64
April .................. 9 3.67 9 3.67 1 2.00 6 2.00 7 2.00
M ay ........................... ...:.. 10 .70 10 .70
STotal or average ......- 601 $3-27 39 [$2.97 I 640 [$3.25 2,886 $3.22 | 2,0611$2.39 [ 4,947 ]$2.87 2,621 $2.88 I 1,607 |$2.211 4,228 1$2.63
1931-32

December .......................... 116 $1.57 116 $1.57
January ..3- 51 2.24 351 2.24 403 $1.66 403 $1.66
February .................... 19 $2.15 106 $2.13 299 $2.14 2,640 1.89 2,415 $2.07 5,055 1.98 826 1.57 1,057 $2.07 188 1.85
March .... ............ 121 2.26 8 2.50 129 2.28 1,021 2.41 208 2.25 1,229 2.38 1,955 2.18 301 2.08 256 2.17
April ................................ 4 2.25 4 2.25 1,247 2.83 1,247 2.83 1,024 2.47 1,024 2.47
May .................................. 60 1.13 60 1.13 35 .89 35 .89
Total or average .......... 318 |$2.19 114 $2.16 1 432 |$2.191 5,435 $2.21 I 2.623 [$2.08 | 8,058 |$2.17 4,243 $2.07 1,358 [$2.07 5,601 [$2.07
1932-33

ecember ..................... 71 $1.55 71 $1.55 32 $1.34 32 $134
January ....... .......... 25 $2.12 25 $2.12 1,09 1.94 1,093 1.94 689 1.77 182 $1.59 871 1.73
February ....... 1,488 1.63 302 $1.69 1,790 1.64 1,420 1.17 1,004 1.67 2,424 1.38
March ... ..........74 2.26 74 2.26 2,562 1.91 508 1.49 3,070 1.84 812 1.51 2,359 1.41 3,171 1.44
April ............. .........3 165 1.22 2002 168 2,532 1.14 1,824 1.31 4,56 1.21
Total or average ........I 99 [$2.22 I 99 $2.22 7,051 $1.80 975 [$1.51 | 8,026 [$1.77 | 5,485 |$1.28 5,369 $1.43 [ 10,854 |$1.36











TABLE 8.-FLORIDA MANDARINS-MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER HALF-Box, ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY
VARIETY AND GRADE (Concluded).
Tangerines
Supergra e I Grade 1 Grade 2
Month Sold New York IOther Marketsl All Markets I New York IOther Marketsl All Markets I New York Other Marketsl All Markets
Half- Half- Half- Half- Hal- Half- Half- Half- Half- I|
boxes Price boxes Price boxes Price boxes Price boxes (Price boxes |Price boxes Price boxes Price boxes
1930-831

November ...- ......J 273 $2.32 180 $2.02 453 $2.20 20,379 $2.03 14,761 $1.98 85,140 $2.01 1,998 $1.87 9,662 $1.65 11,660 $1.69
December .. ....... 4,456 2.17 1,815 2.08 6,271 2.15 85,078 1.69 17.845 1.67 52.923 1.68 3,774 1.61 8,349 1.41 12,123 1.47
January ............... 2,811 2.01 702 1.57 3,013 1.91 41,645 1.42 10,958 1.45 52,603 1.43 2,377 1.57 8,737 1.23 11,114 1.80
February ................ 8,489 1.86 150 1.89 3,639 1.86 28,797 1.60 7,180 1.40 85,977 1.56 2,517 1.58 13,641 1.27 16,158 1.32
March ................ 1,265 1.92 63 1.78 1.328 1.91 10,080 1.47 314 1.63 10,844 1.48 3,766 1.40 779 1.41 4,545 1.40
April ...........
May ......... ---207 .87 207 .87
Total or average ......... 11,794 I$2.02 1 2,910 $1.94 | 14,704 $12.01 1136,136 |$1.62 | 51,058 [$1.67 187,194 |$1.63 1 14,482 $1.58 41,168 $1.38 | 55,600 |$1.43
S; I 1931-32

November ................ 288 $2.04 288 $2.04 17,888 $2.08 6,719 $1.77 24,607 $1.96 5.747 $2.02 846 $1.53 6,593 $1.95
December ..............-- 8,738 1.79 726 $1.76 4,459 1.79 48,506 1.57 11,693 1.68 60,199 1.59 9,481 1.33 7,592 1.47 17,073 1.39
January .................. 8,802 1.44 1,588 1.65 5,890 1.50 47.862 1.89 7,439 1.86 54,801 1.89 14,480 1.07 10,8302 1.19 24,782 1.12
February ........... 843 1.87 403 1.61 746 1.78 30,540 1.72 8,844 1.47 84,884 1.69 16,!'95 1.49 2,626 1.68 19,621 1.51
March .......... ...... 148 1.92 143 1.92 8,950 1.89 114 1.48 4,064 1.88 3,5S0 1.75 112 1.40 8,642 1.74
April .......................--- 885 2.01 885 2.01 844 1.50 844 1.50
May ................... ... 68 1.22 68 1.22 96 1.08 96 1.08
Total or average ...... 8,809 $1.65 I 2,717 $1.68 11.026 1$1.65 1148.644 1$1.611 29.809 1$1.59 I 178.453 $1.611 50.678 1$1.42 1 21.478 1$1.85 72.151 1$1.40


1982-88

September-October ..... 7 $1.8 7 $1.86
November ........... 215 2.61 480 $1.46 645 $1.84 10.945 $1.98 1,569 $1.40 12,514 $1.86 5,105 1.5 1,200 $1.14 6,805 1.48
December ..2,782 1.70 870 1.50 8,102 1.67 25,278 1.29 8,152 1.41 88.425 1.82 8,738 1.22 4,858 1.18 8.586 1.17
January 8,8211.47 417 1.86 88 146 16,981 1.25 9,120 1.26 26,01 1.26 5,178 1.17 11,080 1.06 16,208 1.09
February 72 1.54 119 1.78 191 1.69 8,154 1.18 4,814 1.21 12,468 1.16 6,991 .79 7.690 1.17 14,681 .99
March .60 1.68 6 1.88 66 1.61 9,277 1.19 4,040 1.12 18,817 1.17 8,490 1.06 10,482 1.07 18,922 1.07
April 906 1.16 906 1.16 8,268 .95 8.268 .95
Total or average -.- 6,400 1$1.611 1,842 $1.47 7,742 |$1.58 71,486 $1.85 I 27,195 $1.29 98,6811$1.88 82,767 $11.11 | 85,205 111.10 I 67.972 $1.10










TABLE 9.-FLORIDA MANDARINS-MONTHLY AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER HALF-BOx,
ALL SIZES, IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY, ALL GRADES COMBINED1.
I Temple Tangerines
New York |Other Marketsi All Markets I New York 1Other Marketsi All Markets
Month Sold Half- Half- I I Half- I Half- ( I Half- I Half- I
Boxes Price| boxes Price boxes IPrice| boxes IPrice| boxes Price| boxes |Price
1930-31

November ............. 151 $1.69 145 $0.72 296 $1.21 22,650 $2.02 24,603 $1.85 47.253 $1.93
December ..... 52 1.10 52 1.10 43,347 1.73 28,009 1.62 71,356 1.69
January ...__ .. 177 1.75 176 1.27 353 1.51 46,333 1.46 20,397 1.36 66,730 1.43
February ................. 3,651 3.13 2,680 2.36 6,331 2.80 34,803 1.62 20,971 1.32 55,774 1.51
March ....... 2,109 3.21 648 2.91 2,757 3.14 15,061 1.49 1,156 1.49 16,217 1.49
April .10 3.50 6 2.00 16 2.94
May 10 .70 10 .70 207 .37 207 .37
Total or average 6...0.. 6,108 |$3.08 | 3,707 $2.32 1 9,815 $2.79 1162,401 1$1.65 95,136 |$1.56 I 257,537 [$1.61
I, 193132

November ....... 23,923 $2.03 7,565 $1.75 81.488 1.96
December ........... 116 $1.57 116 $1.57 61,720 1.54 20,011 1.60 81.731 1.56
January ...... 754 1.93 754 1.93 65,644 1.32 19,329 1.30 84.973 1.32
February ..... .. 3,659 1.83 3,578 $2.07 7,237 1.95 47,878 1.64 6,873 1.52 54,751 1.62
March ....................... ,705 2.16 517 2.15 4,222 2.16 7,623 1.83 226 1.42 7,849 1.82
April ............... 2,955 2.47 2,955 2.47 679 1.75 679 1.75
May .................... 95 1.04 95 1.04 159 1.11 159 1.11
Total or average ..... 11,284 1$2.10 I 4,095 |$2.08 | 15,379 1$2.10 1 207,626 |$1.56 I 54,004 $1.50 261.630 |$1.55
1932-33

September-October ...... 7 $1.86 7 $1.86
November ...... 16,414 1.82 3,199 $1.31 19.613 1.73
December ............ 103 $1.49 103 $1.49 31,738 1.31 13,375 1.31 45,113 1.31
January ....... ... 1,807 1.88 182 $1.59 1,989 1.85 25,529 1.27 20,776 1.15 46,305 1.22
February ...... ..... 2,944 1.41 1.590 1.55 4,534 1.46 15,258 .97 12,245 1.19 27.503 1.07
March ................ 3,448 1.83 3,803 1.33 7,251 1.57 17,827 1.13 14,478 1.09 32.805 1.11
April ......... .. 4,757 1.34 2,010 1.30 6,767 1.33 4,169 1.00 4,169 .00
Total or average -1 13.059 |$1.56 7,585 1$1.37 20.644 1$1.49 1110,942 |$1.29 | 64.073 1$1.19 175.015 1$1.25
'Includes a small amount of Grade 3 fruit.






36 Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF ORANGES AND GRAPEFRUIT TO
NEW YORK AND TO "OTHER MARKETS", BY GRADE
When comparing auction prices in New York with the "Other
Markets", unless within the same grade and variety, attention
is directed to Tables 10 and 11. For the three seasons New York
received an average of 70.4 percent of the oranges sold in all
markets compared with 95.1 percent of supergrade and 79.0
percent of grade 1 oranges. For the same period the New York
TNmaber 'of
half-boxes
(000 o lte_


Tangerin -.
Temple

70r


Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.
Month Sold
Fig. 19.-Seasonal distribution of auction sales of Flor-
ida mandarins from 31 packinghouses to five markets
(average of three seasons, 1930-31, 1931-32, and 1932-33).








TABLE 10.-PERCENT OF FLORIDA CITRUS FRUITS FROM 31 PACKINGHOUSES WHICH SOLD AT AUCTION IN NEW YORK AND
IN "OTHER MARKETS", BY GRADE.
Season ~j 1930-31 1 1931-32 I 1932-33 I Average 3 Seasons
Kind of Fruit New Other New Other New Other New Other
and Grade York Markets Total York Markets Total York Markets Total York Markets Total

Oranges:
Supergrade 96.1 3.9 100.0 96.4 3.6 100.0 90.8 9.2 100.0 95.1 4.9 100.0
Grade 1 ........ 74,3 25.7 100.0 81.2 18.8 100.0 84.1 15.9 100.0 79.0 21.0 100.0
Grade 2 ........ 43.2 56.8 100.0 56.8 43.2 100.0 58.7 41.3 100.0 53.5 46.5 100.0
Grade 3 ........ 22.4 77.6 100.0 25.5 74.5 100.0 83.7 16.3 100.0 56.0 44.0 100.0
All grades .. 66.8 33.2 100.0 73.6 26.4 100.0 71.8 28.2 100.0 70.4 29.6 100.0
Grapefruit:
Supergrade 89.2 10.8 100.0 89.2 10.8 100.0 82.1 17.9 100.0 88.1 11.9 100.0
Grade ........ 66.0 34.0 100.0 72.4 27.6 100.0 64.8 35.2 100.0 67.9 32.1 100.0
Grade 2 ........ 29.2 70.8 100.0 58.2 41.8 100.0 56.1 43.9 100.0 46.9 53.1 100.0
Grade 3 ........ 5.6 94.4 100.0 18.8 81.2 100.0 30.1 69.9 100.0 21.1 78.9 100.0
All grades .. 53.6 46.4 100.0 67.1 32.9 100.0 59.6 40.4 100.0 59.4 40.6 100.0
Tangerines:
Supergrade 80.2 19.8 100.0 75.4 24.6 100.0 82.7 17.3 100.0 79.2 20.8 100.0
Grade 1 .... 72.7 27.3 100.0 83.3 16.7 100.0 72.4 27.6 100.0 76.7 23.3 100.0
Grade 2 ........ 26.0 74.0 100.0 70.2 29.8 100.0 48.2 51.8 100.0 50.0 50.0 100.0
Grade 3 .......- 100.0 100.0 46.6 53.4 100.0 49.8 50.2 100.0
All grades .. 63.1 36.9 100.0 79.4 20.6 100.0 63.4 36.6 100.0 69.3 30.7 100.0
Temples:
Supergrade 93.9 6.1 100.0 73.6 26.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 86.9 13.1 100.0
Grade 1 ........ 58.3 41.7 100.0 67.4 32.6 100.0 87.9 12.1 100.0 73.1 26.9 100.0
Grade 2 ........ 62.0 38.0 100.0 75.8 24.2 100.0 50.5 49.5 100.0 59.7 40.3 100.0
Grade 3 ........ 100.0 100.0 25.5 74.5 100.0 58.0 42.0 100.0
All grades -. 62.2 37.8 100.0 73.4 26.6 100.0 63.3 36.7 100.0 66.4 33.6 100.0









TABLE 11.-PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION BY GRADE OF FLORIDA CITUS FRUIT FROM 31 PACKINGHOUSES, SOLD AT AUCTION
IN NEW YORK AND IN "OTHER MARKETS".
Season | 1930-31 [ 1931-32 | 1932-33 | Average 3 Seasons
Kind of Fruit New Other New Other New Other New Other All
and Grade York Markets York Markets York Markets York Markets Markets

Oranges:
Supergrade .... 11.4 .9 6.5 .7 4.4 1.1 7.6 .9 5.6
Grade 1 .......... 69.7 48.5 68.4 44.3 53.7 25.9 63.9 40.3 56.9
Grade 2 ........ 18.7 49.5 24.8 52.7 40.3 72.2 27.8 57.5 36.6
Grade 3 .......... .2 1.1 .3 2.3 1.6 .8 .7 1.3 .9
Total .......... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Grapefruit:
Supergrade .... 6.9 1.0 5.0 1.3 2.7 .9 5.1 1.0 3.4
Grade 1 .......... 73.8 44.0 64.2 49.8 44.0 35.3 62.1 43.0 54.4
Grade 2 .......... 19.2 53.9 30.3 44.3 52.3 60.5 32.3 53.4 40.9
Grade 3 .......... .1 1.1 .5 4.6 1.0 3.3 .5 2.6 1.3
Total .......... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Tangerines:
Supergrade .... 7.3 3.0 4.0 5.0 5.8 2.1 5.5 3.3 4.8
Grade 1 .......... 83.8 53.7 71.6 55.2 64.4 42.4 74.1 50.7 66.9
Grade 2 .......... 8.9 43.3 24.4 39.8 29.5 55.0 20.3 45.9 28.2
Grade 3 .......... .3 .5 .1 .1 .1
Total ......... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Temples:
Supergrade .... 9.8 1.1 2.8 2.8 .8 8.3 1.0 2.6
Grade 1 ......... 47.3 55.6 48.2 64.0 54.0 12.8 50.5 36.8 45.9
Grade 2 ......... 42.9 43.3 87.6 83.2 42.0 70.8 40.6 54.1 45.1
Grade 8 ......... 11.4 8.2 16.4 5.6 8.1 6.4
Total .......... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
*Less than one-tenth of 1 percent.






Florida, Citrus Prices, I


auction received 59.4 percent of the grapefruit sold in the five
markets, while the proportion of supergrade and grade 1 was
88.1 percent and 67.9 percent, respectively. Even though a
majority of the oranges and grapefruit sold in the five markets
went to New York, this auction received a still higher per-
centage of supergrade and grade 1 fruit, and a lower percentage
of second and third grade fruit. For tangerines and Temples
New York usually received a higher percent of each grade
than "Other Markets"; also a higher proportion of high grade
fruit.
PRICE RELATIVES OF GRADE 1 FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT, USING
THE PRICE OF GRADE 2 AS A BASE
Price relatives of grade 1 citrus fruit sold at auction, using
the auction price of grade 2 as 100 percent, appear in Table 12.
Although the actual price difference in grade 1 and grade 2 fruit
is greater in oranges than in grapefruit, the, percentage differ-
ence in the two grades is greater in grapefruit, because grape-
fruit usually brought the lower average price. Higher per-
centage premiums usually were paid for grade 1 fruit in New
York than in "Other Markets" for both oranges and| grapefruit.
TABLE 12.-PRICE RELATIVES OF GRADE 1 FLORIDA CITRUS! FRUIT FROM
31 PACKINGHOUSES, SOLD AT AUCTION, USING THE PRICE OF GRADE 2
FRUIT AS 100 PERCENT.
Season 1 1930-31 1931-32 I 1932-33
New Other New Other New Other
Variety I York Markets York Markets York Markets
Oranges:
Parson Brown .... 117 134 111 125 126
Pineapple .......... 112 118 113 108 129 108
Valencia ........... 109 107 113 102 119 114
Other varieties .... 118 116 112 110 125 112
All varieties ... 111 111 114 103 127 114
Grapefruit:
Marsh Seedless .... 150 124 113 121 142 131
Other varieties .... 125 120 122 114 139 137
All varieties .... 132 121 120 117 139 136
Mandarins:
Temple .................. 112 108 107 100 141 106
Tangerines ............ 103 121 113 118 122 117

PERCENTAGE GRADE DISTRIBUTION OF FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT
BY VARIETIES
A percentage distribution, by variety and grade, of the total
sales of Florida citrus by the 31 packinghouses on ithe five
auctions is given in Table 13. Grades sold were lower in 1932-33






Florida, Citrus Prices, I


auction received 59.4 percent of the grapefruit sold in the five
markets, while the proportion of supergrade and grade 1 was
88.1 percent and 67.9 percent, respectively. Even though a
majority of the oranges and grapefruit sold in the five markets
went to New York, this auction received a still higher per-
centage of supergrade and grade 1 fruit, and a lower percentage
of second and third grade fruit. For tangerines and Temples
New York usually received a higher percent of each grade
than "Other Markets"; also a higher proportion of high grade
fruit.
PRICE RELATIVES OF GRADE 1 FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT, USING
THE PRICE OF GRADE 2 AS A BASE
Price relatives of grade 1 citrus fruit sold at auction, using
the auction price of grade 2 as 100 percent, appear in Table 12.
Although the actual price difference in grade 1 and grade 2 fruit
is greater in oranges than in grapefruit, the, percentage differ-
ence in the two grades is greater in grapefruit, because grape-
fruit usually brought the lower average price. Higher per-
centage premiums usually were paid for grade 1 fruit in New
York than in "Other Markets" for both oranges and| grapefruit.
TABLE 12.-PRICE RELATIVES OF GRADE 1 FLORIDA CITRUS! FRUIT FROM
31 PACKINGHOUSES, SOLD AT AUCTION, USING THE PRICE OF GRADE 2
FRUIT AS 100 PERCENT.
Season 1 1930-31 1931-32 I 1932-33
New Other New Other New Other
Variety I York Markets York Markets York Markets
Oranges:
Parson Brown .... 117 134 111 125 126
Pineapple .......... 112 118 113 108 129 108
Valencia ........... 109 107 113 102 119 114
Other varieties .... 118 116 112 110 125 112
All varieties ... 111 111 114 103 127 114
Grapefruit:
Marsh Seedless .... 150 124 113 121 142 131
Other varieties .... 125 120 122 114 139 137
All varieties .... 132 121 120 117 139 136
Mandarins:
Temple .................. 112 108 107 100 141 106
Tangerines ............ 103 121 113 118 122 117

PERCENTAGE GRADE DISTRIBUTION OF FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT
BY VARIETIES
A percentage distribution, by variety and grade, of the total
sales of Florida citrus by the 31 packinghouses on ithe five
auctions is given in Table 13. Grades sold were lower in 1932-33












TABLE 13.-DISTRIBUTION OF FLORID-ACITRUS FRUIT FROM 31 PACKINGHOUSES, SOLD AT AUCTION
GRADE AND VARIETY.


IN FIVE MARKETS, BY


Supergrade Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 1 All Grades
Variety of Fruit Number Per- Number Per- Number Per- Number Per- Number Per-
of Boxes cent of Boxes cent of Boxes cent of Boxes cent of Boxes cent
1930-31

Oranges:
Parson Brown ...... 19,284 70.9 7,906 29.1 27,190 100.0
Pineapple .......... 28,739 16.2 104,127 58.8 44,262 25.0 87 177,215 100.0
Valencia ............ 12,858 4.1 197,319 62.5 103,314 32.7 2,310 .7 315,801 100.0
Other varieties .... 18,564 7.9 153,014 65.0 62,919 26.7 1,015 .4 235,512 100.0
Total oranges .... 60,161 8.0 473,744 62.7 218,401 28.9 3,412 .4 755,718 100.0
Grapefruit:
Marsh Seedless ... 6,530 3.8 98,886 57.1 66,519 38.4 1,166 .7 173,101 100.0
Other varieties .... 20,886 4.3 297,327 61.0 166,769 34.2 2,418 .5 487,400 100.0
Total grapefruit 27,416 4.2 396,213 60.0 233,288 35.3 3,584 .5 660,501 100.0
Mandarins:1
King .................... 149.5 7.6 920 46.5 908 45.9 1,977.5 100.0
Temple .............. 320 6.5 2,473.5 50.4 2,114 43.1 4,907.5 100.0
Tangerines ............ 7,352 5.7 93,597 72.7 27,800 21.6 19.5 128,768.5 100.0
Satsumas ................ 417 44.2 423 44.9 103 10.9 943 100.0

*Less than one-tenth of 1 percent.
'Converted to full boxes.










TABLE 13.-DISTRIBUTION OF FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT FROM 31 PACKINGHOUSES, SOLD AT AUCTION
GRADE AND VARIETY (Continued).


IN FIVE MARKETS, BY


I I I
Supergrade Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 All Grades
Variety of Fruit Number Per- Number Per- Number Per-I Number Per- Number Per-
Sof Boxes cent of Boxes cent of Boxes cent I of Boxes I cent of Boxes I cent
1931-32

Oranges':
Parson Brown ...... 295 5.2 3,250 57.5 2,108 37.3 5,653 100.0
Pineapple ............ 11,144 8.4 80,849 61.3 39,337 29.8 625 .5 131,955 100.0
Valencia ................ 10,012 4.0 156,406 62.5 81,331 32.5 2,625 1.0 250,374 100.0
Other varieties .... 5,500 3.6 94,984 62.2 51,213 33.5 1,104 .7 152,801 100.0
Total oranges 26,951 5.0 335,489 62.0 173,989 32.2 4,354 .8 540,783 100.0
Grapefruit:
Marsh: Seedless .... 6,225 4.4 87,706 61.6 43,538 30.5 4,956 3.5 142,425 100.0
Other varieties .... 11,977 3.5 198,545 58.5 124,621 36.8 4,047 1.2 339,190 100.0
STotl grapefruit- 18,202 38 -286 Z 51 -59.4 168,159 34.9 9,003 1.9 481,615 100.0
Mandarins l:
King ................ 114 4.0 1,178 41.1 1,485 51.9 87 3.0 2,864 100.0
Temple ......... 216 2,8 .4,029 52A_, .2,800.5 364_ 644 .8.4 7,689.5 100.0
Tangerines ............ 5,513 4.2 89,226.5 68.2 36,075.5 27.6 130,815 100.0
SSatsuas ....-..., .. .. 39,5 .256 .. 74.5 48,2 .. 40f 26.2 .. .. 154.5 100.0

10onverted to full boxes. ... ..












TABLE 13.--DISTRIBTION OF FLORIDA CITRU FRU FRU FROM 31 PACKINGHOUSES, SOLD AT AUCTION IN FIVE MARKETS, BY
GRADE AND VARIETY (Concluded).

Supergrade Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 All Grades
Variety of Fruit Number Per- Number Per- Number Per- Number Per- Number Per-
of Boxes cent of Boxes cent of Boxes cent of Boxes cent of Boxes cent
1932-33

Oranges:
Parson Brown ...... 23 .4 3,354 56.5 2,151 36.2 409 6.9 5,937 100.0
Pineapple .............. 13,597 7.7 102,973 57.9 60,325 33.9 827 .5 177,722 100.0
Valencia .............. 6,540 2.5 84,165 32.3 163,722 62.8 6,312 2.4 260,739 100.0
Other varieties .... 2,339 1.2 105,015 52.4 91,754 45.7 1,395 .7 200,503 100.0
Total oranges .... 22,499 3.5 295,507 45.8 317,952 49.3 8,943 1.4 644,901 100.0
Grapefruit:
Marsh Seedless .... 4,261 3.1 55,412 40.0 75,577 54.6 3,238 2.3 138,488 100.0
Other varieties .... 4,460 1.5 124,017 40.7 171,149 56.1 5,318 1.7 304,944 100.0
Total grapefruit 8,721 2.0 179,429 40.5 246,726 55.6 8,556 1.9 443,432 100.0
Mandarins:1
King ...................... 75 6.2 593.5 49.2 479.5 39.8 57.5 4.8 1,205.5 100.0
Temple ................... 49.5 .5 4,013 38.9 5,427 52.6 832.5 8.0 10,322 100.0
Tangerines ............ ,871 4.4 49,340.5 56.4 33,986 88.8 310 .4 87,507.5 100.0
Satsumas ................ 87 61.3 55 38.7 142 100.0

IConverted to full boxes.






Florida Citrus Prices, I


than in 1930-31 and 1931-32. Each variety contained a smaller
percentage of supergrade and grade 1 fruit, and a larger per-
centage of grade 2 and grade 3 fruit than in the preceding two
seasons.
The three-season average for all varieties of oranges was
5.6 percent supergrade, 56.9 percent grade 1, 36.6 percent grade
2, and 0.9 percent grade 3. For all varieties of grapefruit, the
three-season average was 3.4 percent supergrade, 54.4 percent
grade 1, 40.9 percent grade 2 and 1.3 percent grade 3.

SIZE DISTRIBUTION, BY VARIETY, AND SEASON AVERAGE PRICE
FOR EACH SIZE
The season average auction price of Florida citrus sold by
the 31 packinghouses for each variety, by size, together with
the percentage size distribution are shown in Tables 14, 15,
and 16.
The highest price received for all varieties or oranges com-
bined was for size 200 in 1931-32 and 1932-33. In 1930-31 a
slightly higher average price was paid for size 176, though
there was little difference that season in the average price for
sizes 150, 176, and 200. The three-season average price was
highest for size 176 (Fig. 20). The average size of oranges
in 1930-31 was 201; in 1931-32 it was 220; and in 1932-33, 219.
The difference in average prices paid on the auctions between
the most desirable and the least desirable sizes was 56 cents
per box in 1930-31, 99 cents in 1931-32, and 90 cents in 1932-33.
"Other Sizes" have been omitted from this calculation because
it consists of a mixture of sizes. However, in 1930-31 and 1931-
32 "Other Sizes" brought the lowest price of all oranges, but
in 1932-33 size 100 brought a slightly lower price.
The highest price for Parson Browns was paid for size 150
in 1930-31, 176 in 1931-32, and 200 in 1932-33. For Pineapple
oranges the premium was paid for size 126 in 1930-31, 150 in
1931-32, and 176 in 1932-33. In 1930-31 the Valencias sold
ran heavily to the larger sizes and the highest price was paid
for a comparatively small size, 250. In 1931-32 and 1932-33
the Valencias averaged smaller and size 200 received the highest
price both seasons (Figs. 21, 22, and 23).
It should be understood that the price lines in Figs. 21, 22,
and 23 are on the basis of a season price for each variety and
size. Because of differences in the seasonal distribution of vari-
eties, as already pointed out, the price comparisons should be









TABLE 14.-FLORIDA ORANGES--SEASON AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER BOX FROM 31 PACKINGHOUSES IN FIVE MARKETS, I
BY VARIETY AND SIZE.
Parson Brown I Pineapple Valencia
Size 1930-31 1 1931-32 [ 1932-33 I 1930-31 [ 1931-32 1932-33 1 1930-31 1931-32 | 1932-33
Percent PercentPercent I Percent I Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent )Percent IPercent
of Total Price of Total Price of Total Price of Total Price of TotalPrice of TotallPrice of Total Price of TotallPriceof TotalPrice
100 $4.00 $2.00 .1 $2.25 .1 $3.60 .1 $3.43 .2 $2.22 1.2 $2.96 .6 $2.98 1.2 $1.84
126 .8 4.72 .9 3.13 2.5 2.67 2.0 4.06 1.9 3.77 2.1 3.07 10.7 3.33 6.0 3.28 8.4 2.12
150 2.6 5.00 3.6 3.45 7.6 3.03 6.7 4.03 4.8 4.03 5.5 3.30 19.6 3.61 11.4 3.63 12.8 2.36
176 11.5 4.56 12.1 3.65 13.8 3.34 18.8 3.69 11.9 3.98 12.0 3.35 25.4 3.91 18.2 3.87 17.2 2.51
200 12.9 3.98 11.9 3.30 14.4 3.44 19.0 3.44 12.5 3.85 13.5 3.28 15.5 4.12 14.3 4.02 13.9 2.58
216 26.2 3.72 26.7 3.03 18.8 3.30 24.2 3.31 20.8 3.53 21.4 2.92 14.1 4.14 18.3 3.93 16.1 2.44
250 23.6 3.68 27.2 2.80 24.9 3.20 20.1 3.42 25.0 3.29 23.8 2.70 8.9 4.24 15.9 3.92 15.2 2.38
288 17.3 3.34 14.9 2.47 13.6 3.01 7.0 3.40 16.7 3.03 14.4 2.50 3.4 3.90 9.8 3.59 9.2 2.23
324 4.9 2.83 2.5 1.71 3.3 2.74 1.8 3.11 5.7 2.76 5.9 2.23 .9 3.62 4.5 3.10 4.6 2.08
Other .7 2.51 .2 2.64 1.0 2.33 .3 3.03 .6 2.68 1.2 2.05 .3 3.40 1.0 2.89 1.4 1.93
All sizes ..................... 100.0 |$3.761 100.0 1$2.97 100.0 $3.20 100.0 |$3.501 100.0 |$3.46 100.0 1$2.88 100.0 ($3.87 1 100.0 $3.77 1 00.0 |$2.37
Number of boxes sold ... 27,190 5,653 5,937 177,215 181,955 177,722 315,801 250,374 260,739


Other Varieties I All Varieties
Sizes 1930-81 1 1931-82 1932-33 I 1930-31 1 1931-32 | 1932-33
Percent |Percent IPercent IPercentI Percent! PercentI
of Total Pricel of Total Price! of Total Price of Total Price of Total Price of Total Price
100 .5 $8.65 .7 $2.67 .3 $2.08 .7 $3.13 .5 $2.89 .7 $1.91
126 3.2 8.48 3.4 3.06 2.6 2.88 5.9 8.41 4.2 3.28 4.8 2.27
150 8.1 3.85 6.4 8.40 5.5 2.55 12.4 8.62 8.3 3.64 8.5 2.57
176 19.9 8.26 12.8 8.52 11.5 2.66 21.6 3.69 15.1 8.80 18.9 2.75
200 18.0 8.28 12.9 3.46 12.0 2.67 17.0 8.64 18.4 3.82 18.2 2.$1
216 28.6 8.15 19.8 8.81 21.2 2.46 19.9 8.52 19.4 8.63 19.2 2.60
250 17.9 8.27 22.8 8.12 28.1 2.89 14.9 8.59 20.2 8.46 20.1 2.50
288 6.5 8.14 15.2 2.90 14.5 2.80 5.7 8.42 13.1 8.17 12.8 2.85
824 1.9 2.97 5.6 2.55 6.9 2.12 1.6 8.15 5.1 2.88 5.6 2.14
Other .4 2.98 .4 2.58 2.4 1.96 .8 8.10 .7 2.80 1.7 1.97
All sizes ........................ 1100.0 $8.28 | 100.0 1$8.20 100.0 $2.48 I 100.0 1$8.58 100.0 $8.52 100.0 1$2.54
Number of boxes sold ....I 285,512 152,795 200,508 755,718 540,777 644,901

*Less than one-tenth of 1 percent.
















TABLE 15.-FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT-SEASON AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER BOX FROM 31 PACKINGHOUSES IN FIVE MARKETS.
BY VARIETY AND SIZE.
Marsh Seedless | Other Varieties I All Varieties
1930-31 1 1931-32 I 1932-33 1930-31 I 1931-32 | 1932-33 | 1930-31 1 1931-32 I 1932-33
Size Percent Percent Percent Perc Percent ercet PercentT I Percent) iPercent a Percent .


36 1.1 $2.93 .7 $3.53 1.2 $2.92 2.6 $2.78 3.1 $2.59 1.2 $2.93 2.2 $2.80 2.4 $2.67 1.2 $2.93
46 7.2 2.95 3.5 3.88 5.1 3.04 11.8 2.93 8.2 2.94 5.6 2.90 10.6 2.94 6.9 3.09 5.4 2.94
54 24.4 2.66 12.9 3.39 14.3 2.69 29.2 2.72 20.6 2.70 19.3 2.43 28.0 2.70 18.3 2.84 17.8 2.49
64 22.8 2.71 16.6 3.13 15.0 2.65 22.1 2.76 20.7 2.47 19.4 2.35 22.2 2.75 19.5 2.64 18.0 2.43
70 18.9 2.84 20.3 3.10 16.8 2.69 16.9 2.88 19.0 2.42 19.0 2.36 17.4 2.87 19.4 2.63 18.4 2.45
80 17.1 2.85 24.9 3.03 24.7 2.51 12.8 2.99 19.4 2.32 24.0 2.29 14.0 2.95 21.0 2.57 24.2 2.36
96 7.4 2.77 16.9 2.92 18.6 2.18 4.2 2.89 7.8 2.18 9.9 2.21 5.0 2.84 10.5 2.53 12.6 2.20
100 .1 2.51 .3 2.49 .4 2.07 .1 2.52 .2 2.46 .1 L99 .1 2.51 .2 2.47 .2 2.03
126 .9 2.42 3.5 2.55 3.3 1.80 .3 2.46 .5 1.89 .7 2.00 .5 2.44 1.3 2.39 1.5 1.86
Other .1 2.26 .4 2.30 .6 1.97 2.48 .5 2.14 .8 1.79 2.39 .5 2.18 .7 1.83
All sizes ........ .... 100.0 |$2.77 100.0 1$3.10 100.0 |$2.531 100.0 |$2.82 1 100.0 j$2.49 100.0 1$2.37 100.0 |$2.811 100.0 1$2.67 100.0 |$2.42 y
Number of boxes sold 173,101 142,425 138,488 487,400 389,190 304,944 660,501 481,615 443,432

*Less than one-tenth of 1 percent.






Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


made only between different sizes of the same variety, and not
between varieties.
The average size of grapefruit in 1930-31 was 64; in 1931-32,
69; and in 1932-33, 71. More than 95 percent of the fruit sold
was in sizes 46 to 96, inclusive (Table 15).
In 1930-31 the premium was paid for sizes slightly smaller
than the average of all grapefruit, except for the largest two-
sizes, 36 and 46, which brought prices about average or above,
for all sizes. In 1931-32 and 1932-33 sizes larger than average-
received prices above average for all sizes.
The highest average auction price for grapefruit in 1930-31
was received for size 80, though this was only 1 cent above
the average for size 46, for which the highest average price
was paid in 1931-32 and 1932-33. The amount of fruit in this
latter size was comparatively small, ranging from 5.4 percent
of the total in 1932-33 to 10.6 percent in 1930-31. The three-
season average price was highest for size 46 (Fig. 24).
Size 46 Marsh Seedless brought the highest price each of the
seasons for that variety; for "Other Varieties" of grapefruit

Percent in Prtee
in sioS per on

35 $3.60



25 ------- ------------2.50








.50
10 .00

5 -- .50


0100 126 150 176 200 216 250 288 334 Other
Size
Fig. 20.-Percentage size distribution and weighted averaged auction>
prices of Florida oranges in five markets (average of three seasons, 1930-31,.
1981-32, and 1932-33).






Florida Citrus Prices, I


Pric per Box


100 126 150 176 200 216 250 288 324 Other
Size
Fig. 21.-Season average auction prices of Florida oranges in five markets,
by variety and size, 1930-31.
size 80 was highest in 1930-31, size 46 in 1931-32, and size 36
in 1932-33 (Figs. 25, 26, and 27).
Between the most desirable and the least desirable sizes of
grapefruit, excluding "Other Sizes", a difference of 51 cents
per box was received on the auctions in 1930-31, 70 cents in
1931-32, and $1.08 in 1932-33. The lowest price each season
was for the smallest individual size. If these price comparisons
are made within varieties it will be found that in Marsh Seed-
less grapefruit even larger differences existed each season be-
tween the most desirable and least desirable sizes.
The highest average price received on the auctions for tan-
gerines was for size 90 in 1930-31 and 1931-32 and for size 120
in 1932-33 (Table 16). Sizes larger than 120 contained a negli-
gible amount of fruit, the bulk of that sent to auction falling
in sizes 144 to 216, inclusive. There was no great price differ-
ential between these four sizes, the most desirable bringing 18
cents per half-box more than the least desirable size in 1930-31,
2 cents more in 1931-32, and 21 cents more in 1932-33 (Fig. 28).










TABLE 16.-FLORIDA MANDARINS--SEASON AVERAGE AUCTION PRICES PER HALF-BOX
FROM 31 PACKINGHOUSES IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND SIZE.
King _Temple
S 1930-31 1 1931-32 1 1932-33 1 1930-31 [ 1931-32 1 1932-33
percent IPercent Perrent PPecent I e P ent |Percent Perce|
)f Total Price of Total Price of TotallPrice of Total Price of Total Pricelof TotallPrice
90 17.9 $2.61 22.7 $1.81 20.3 $1.51 80.9 $2.86 24.3 $2.14 24.4 $1.55
106 8.3 2.54 11.6 1.76 11.1 1.54 17.3 2.93 22.7 2.20 25.9 1.61
120 5.3 2.35 7.0 1.71 6.5 1.41 8.8 2.75 16.9 2.15 15.5 1.58
144 2.7 2.25 3.6 1.71 2.7 1.38 1.8 2.50 6.0 1.89 5.1 1.50
168 .7 2.36 1.1 1.47 1.2 1.07 .3 1.97 3.6 1.72 1.4 1.29
196 .2 1.79 .6 1.07 .1 1.00 2.2 1.84 1.2 1.07
216 .2 1.73 1.00 .9 2.99 1.3 .89
224 .6 1.13 1.1 1.94 .1 1.07
250 .1 1.43 .3 1.00 .5 1.68 1.1 .82
Other 65.1 2.36 53.5 1.69 56.7 1.28 40.8 2.71 21.8 2.04 24.0 1.35
All sizes ...................... 100.0 $2.42 100.0 |$1.73 100.0 |$1.36 100.0 [$2.79 100.0 1$2.10 | 100.0 |$1.49
Number of
half-boxes sold .............. 3,955 5,728 2,411 9,815 15,379 20,644




I Tangerines I Satsumas
Sie 1930-31 1931-32 1932-33 1930-81 1 1931-32 1932-33
S Percentl IPercentl Percent PercentI IPercentl Percent
_of Total Pricelof Total Price of Totall Priceof Total I Price_ of Total Price| of Total Price
90 .2 $1.97 .2 $1.81 .3 $1.19 1.5 $1.18 .4 $2.00
106 .8 1.68 .7 1.48 .6 1.26 4.2 1.16 .7 $ .50 3.5 1.40
120 5.9 1.64 4.9 1.49 3.0 1.48 14.0 1.67 7.1 1.18 10.2 1.88
144 21.6 1.71 17.1 1.57 10.2 1.48 24.2 2.15 22.8 1.45 25.7 1.10
168 31.0 1.65 29.2 1.56 20.8 1.88 25.8 2.80 27.8 1.24 28.9 1.04
196 19.1 1.60 22.0 1.56 19.9 1.27 18.1 2.35 19.8 .97 19.0 1.09
216 18.1 1.68 14.0 1.55 17.9 1.22 6.1 2.62 7.1 1.86 8.4 .96
224 .7 1.88 8.1 1.54 6.4 1.19 .8 1.80 10.4 .72 .4 1.00
250 6.4 1.86 7.4 1.50 14.7 1.12 4.6 2.24 4.5 .71 8.5 1.10
Other 1.2 1.49 1.4 1.42 6.7 1.02 1.2 1.95 .8 .00
All sizes ....................... 100.0 1$1.61 100.0 $1.65 100.0 $ 105 100.0 |$2.18 100.0 |$1.15 100.0 1$1.11
Number of
half-boxes sold .......... 257,587 261,680 176,015 1,886 809 284

'Lews than one-tenth of 1 percent.







Florida Citrus Prices, I


Price per Box






$4.00





3.00 -


2.50


2.00 --


1.50


1.00

100 126 150 176 200 216 250 288 324 Other
Size
Fig. 22.-Season average auction prices of Florida oranges in five
markets, by variety and size, 1931-32.
Price per Box


100 126 150 176 200 216 250 288 324 Other
Size
Fig. 23.-Season average auction prices of Florida oranges in five
markets, by variety and size, 1932-33.







50 Florida Agricultural Experiment Station



Percent in Size Price per ox








20 2.00


15 3 I 150


10 -- I 1.00


5 .60


36 46 54 64 70 80 95 100 126 Other
Size
Fig. 24.-Percentage size distribution and weighted average auction
prices of Florida grapefruit in five markets (average of three seasons,
1930-31, 1931-32, and 1932-33).


Price per Box

Marsh Seedless
$40- Other Varieties
$4.00


3.50


3.00


2.50 --


2.00

36 46 54 64 70 80 96 100 126 Other
Size
Fig. 25.-Season average auction prices of Florida grapefruit in fiv
markets, by variety and size, 1930-31.







Florida Citrus Prices, I


Price per Box


$4.00


3.00 --


2.50 ...


2.00 --


1.50

36 46 54 64 70 80 96 100 126 Other
Size
Fig. 26.-Season average auction prices of Florida grapefruit in five
markets, by variety and size, 1931-32.


Price per Box


3.00


2.50


2.00


1,50


36 46 54 64 70 80 96 100 126 Other
Size
Fig. 27.-Season average auction prices of Florida grapefruit in five
markets, by variety and size, 1932-33.


-- Marsh Seedless
Other Varieties


Marsh Seedless
Other Varieties


,, -., -- -- -
N\ ^ ^ ^







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


Size
Fig. 28.-Percentage size distribution and weighted average auction
prices of Florida tangerines in five markets (average of three seasons,
1930-31, 1931-32, and 1932-33).

COSTS OF MARKETING FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT AT AUCTION
A comparison of the monthly average costs of marketing Flor-
ida citrus fruit from 31 packinghouses at auction in New York
City with the costs in the "Other Markets" is shown in Table 17.
The number of boxes of fruit sold includes oranges, grapefruit,
Temples, tangerines and a few minor kinds or varieties for
which no prices are given. All containers have been converted
to the equivalent number of standard full boxes. This was the
usual container in which oranges and grapefruit were packed,
but Temples and tangerines were most frequently packed in
half-boxes or bushel baskets.
Freight includes the regular transportation charge made by
the railroad, steamship company, or truck, plus a few other
minor charges when they occurred, such as emergency charge,
back haul, switching charge, and dock labor. All routes of ship-
ment have been combined in arriving at the average freight
charge. However, only New York received fruit by water
routes, as all citrus shipped to "Other Markets" moved by rail.
Variations in monthly freight charge are due mainly to varia-







Florida Citrus Prices, I


tions in distance from the origin points to market, and in route
of shipment, although there were some changes in the rail rate
structure.1
The average cost per box for freight to New York decreased
materially from the beginning of the 1930-31 season to the end
of the 1932-33 season. This is in part accounted for by the
increased use of water transportation on which the rate was
lower than for rail transportation. In 1930-31 shipments from
the 31 packinghouses to New York by water were relatively
unimportant, but by the end of 1932-33 routes involving water
transportation carried more than one-half the volume.
Preservation as used in this text includes the cost of pre-
cooling and the cost of refrigeration in transit by various means.
The cost per box is the average for all boxes shipped, and not
merely for those which were pre-cooled or refrigerated in transit.
This cost would have been higher had all the fruit shipped
received some kind of preservation treatment.
The auction selling charge is based on a percentage of the
sales value of the fruit, and since all varieties of citrus are
included, the monthly average cost per box will be affected by
variations in the price paid for different varieties of fruit, and
changes in the relative proportions of these varieties. Since
oranges usually brought a higher price than grapefruit, the
selling cost for them would be slightly higher, and the selling
cost for grapefruit slightly lower than the average selling charge
shown.
"Other Charges" include a large number of incidental and
unusual expenses which are not very important except in a few
cases. Among these charges are Government inspection, recon-
signing, demurrage, cataloging, storage, drayage, recoopering
damaged boxes, and heaters in extreme weather. Storage was
by far the largest of these charges and for a few cars was very
heavy. It will be noted that most of these "Other Charges'

10n January 4, 1932, an emergency charge of 1 cent per 100 pounds
was added to the rail rate on citrus, and expired September 30, 1933. On
February 22, 1932, temporary reductions were made in the rates to Wash-
ington, Baltimore, Philadelphia, Trenton, New York and neighboring cities
taking the same rate. These rates did not apply from points on the Florida
East Coast Railroad until March 2, when this railroad concurred in the
reduction which lasted until June 15, 1932.
Some reduction in rates to Eastern cities was again made effective on
April 1, 1933, to expire June 30, 1933. (From the Florida Agricultural
Extension Economist, Vol. III, No. 5. The Florida Agricultural Extension
Service, Gainesville, Florida.)









TABLE 17.-CosTs OF MARKETING FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT AT AUCTION, FROM 31 PACKINGHOUSES TO FIVE MARKETS.


1930-31
September-October ........ 41,981 $0.954 $0.173 $0.083 $1.210 32,152 $0.990 $0.186 $0.068 $0.008 $1.247 74,133 $0.970 $0.179 $0.076 $0.001 $1.226
November .... ............. 102,264 .946 .134 .065 $0.002 1.147 73,120 .977 .158 .060 .004 1.199 175,384 .959 .143 .063 .003 1.168
December .................. 103,757 .941 .125 .058 1.124 76,478 .978 .104 .055 .005 1.142 180,235 .957 .117 .056 .002 1.132
January ..... ............... 127,216 .951 .076 .058 1.080 85,569 .980 .064 .053 .003 1.100 212,785 .963 .071 .056 .001 1.088
February ................. 118,345 .955 .074 .057 .002 1.088 74,890 .942 .056 .056 .004 1.058 187,735 .950 .067 .056 .003 1.076
March ................. ....... 122,154 .953 .084 .062 .002 1.101 54,866 .987 .042 .060 .007 1.096 177,020 .964 .071 .061 .003 1.099
April .................... 103,871 .956 .085 .062 .004 1.107 59,418 .983 .065 .060 .005 1.11 163,284 .966 .077 .062 .005 1.110
May ....... ...- 138,923 .947 .135 .060 .026 1.168 94,832 .978 .158 .063 .015 1.214 233,255 .960 .144 .061 .022 1.187
June ................................ 83,040 .966 .193 .058 .072 1.289 56,256 .983 .206 .056 .049 1.294 139,296 .972 .198 .058 .063 1.291
July-August .................. 7,435 .960 .170 .049 .079 1.258 1,535 1.008 .215 .036 .096 1.855 _8970 .968 .178 .047 .082 1.275
Total or average ......... 943,986 0.952 10.113 1$0.060 $10.012 1.137 6081110.9760.12 .05 0.011$1.157 11,552,097 $0.961 $0.112 0.060 $0.012 $1.145

1931-32
September-October- ..O... 14,247 $0.975 $0.141 $0.060 $1.176 18,935 $0.959 $0.193 $0.057 $0.001 $1.210 33,182 $0.966 $0.171 $0.058 $0.001 $1.196
November ....................... 68,712 .927 .070 .061 $0.001 1.059 7,916 .970 .085 .055 .00 1.113 106,628 .942 .076 .059 .001 1.078
December ..................... 127,975 .916 .079 .055 .001 1.051 44,238 .974 .074 .054 .002 1.104 172,213 .981 .077 .055 .001 1.064
January ........................ 132,767 .916 .085 .052 1.058 1,978 .980 .103 .052 .008 1.188 184,745 .9834 .090 .052 .001 1.077
February .................. 143,281 .896 .090 .055 1.041 44,981 .980 .127 .056 .008 1.166 188,262 .916 .098 .05 .001 1.071
March ..................... 126,102 .770 .051 .060 .000 .882 40,601 .976 .038 .060 .008 1.077 166,708 .820 .0 .0 .060 .001 .930
April .................. 89,168 .778 .065 .064 .006 .908 47,584 .987 .072 .068 .002 1.129 136,702 .847 .068 .065 .005 .985
May .................. 88,299 .764 .101 .066 .028 .959 42156 .991 .156 .070 .002 1.219 130,455 .837 .119 .067 .020 1.04
June ...................... 43,548 .782 .18 .67 .041 1.028 ,00 .952 .18 .057 .002 1.194 49,553 80 .144 .065 .037 1049
July-August ...................... 1,706 .884 .080 .068 1.0821 1,706 .884 .080 .068 1.032
Total or average .......... 835,805 1$0.854 |$0.082 |$0.059 |$0.006 1$1.001 1 84,844 1$0.978 1$0.102 |$0.059 1$0.002 1$1.141 |1,170,149 $0.889 $0.088 $0.059 1$0.005 $1.041

____________ _1982-83
September-October .......... 8,578 $0.957 $0.142 $0.067 $1.166 8,678 $0.999 $0.208 $0.070 $0.008 $1.275 17,246 $0.979 $0.172 $0.068 $0.002 $1.221
November ........................ 62.868 .906 .098 .062 $0.001 1.067 28,768 .985 .186 .059 .002 1.182 86,181 .928 .109 .061 .001 1.099
December ................... 125,965 .895 .076 .051 0 1.022 48,276 .981 .101 .054 .002 1.188 169,241 .917 .082 .052 .001 1.052
January ..................... 92,989 .857 .071 .048 0 .976 44,488 .979 .118 .052 .008 1.147 187,427 .896 .085 .049 .001 1.081
February .................... 95.949 .771 .088 .042 .008 .859 44,220 .984 .090 .051 .008 1.128 140,169 .888 .055 .045 .006 .944
March ................. 188,855 .770 .088 .041 .849 54,517 1.006 .084 .047 .005 1.142 192,872 .887 .050 .048 .002 .982
April ...--......... 117,562 .741 .040 .040 .821 50,550 .972 .117 .047 .004 1.140 168,112 .811 .068 .042 .001 .917
May .-- 108,.680 .728 .048 .087 .818 64,556 .975 .142 .045 .002 1.164 168,186 .828 .084 .040 .001 .948
June ----- 7,788 .704 .051 .040 .795 20,718 .966 .176 .049 .001 1.192 78,451 .774 .084 .042 .900
July-August .................... 80.608 .665 .056 .088 .008 .762 8,446 .997. .217 .045 .001 1.260 84,049 .699 .072 .089 .008 .818
Total or average ... 883,677 10.798 $0.056 $0.045 $0.001 $0.895 1 858.207 1$0.982 1$0.119 1$0.050 6$0.008.154 1,191,884 $0.80 i$OT.0 .0.042 $0.002 T10iN
*eam than one-tenth of 1 ont.







Florida Citrus Prices, I


Cost p Box
Transportation
Preservation

Selling
So their tot
$1.20

1.10










8kets". In 93-32 84the total cost per box to New York w8885as re-

















1930-31 1931-32 1932-33
Season
Fig. 29.-Season average cost of marketing Florida citrus fruit at auction
in five markets.

apply to rail routes and were somewhat smaller and less fre-
quent to New York than to "Other Markets".
In 1930-31 when practically all of the citrus fruit in this
study moved by rail the average total cost per box to New York
was very little lower than the average total cost to "Other Mar-
kets". In 1931-32 the total cost per box to New York was re-







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


duced mainly by the use of cheaper transportation, and in 1932-
33 it was further reduced, while the average total cost to the
"Other Markets" remained almost constant. This condition
made it much cheaper to send fruit to the New York auction
than to the auctions of the "Other Markets" (Fig. 29).

NET RETURNS TO THE SHIPPER FROM AUCTION SALES
The average monthly net returns to the shipper for oranges
by variety and grade are shown in Tables 18, 19, and 20. These
averages represent the net amount which the shipping agency
received for fruit sent to auction and were arrived at as fol-
lows: From the average auction price each month in New York
was deducted the average total cost of marketing at auction
in New York for that month. A similar procedure was used to
obtain the net return on fruit sent to "Other Markets". Monthly
net returns from New York and from "Other Markets" were
weighted each month by the volume of fruit to obtain the aver-
age net return for all markets. If only one of the markets
was represented in a given month, the net return for that
market (or group) was carried over to all markets at the same
figure. Season average net returns were obtained for each of
the market groups by weighting the monthly net returns by
the volume of fruit in each. The net returns on grapefruit,
Temples and tangerines were arrived at in the same manner
as for oranges.
From the standpoint of net returns to the shipper, New York
was usually a better market for Florida oranges during the three
seasons than were the "Other Markets". This was especially
true for grade 1 fruit. Even in 1932-33, when auction prices
were frequently lower in New York than in "Other Markets",
the net returns for grade 1 fruit sold there were usually as
high as or higher than for the same grade in the "Other Mar-
kets", because of lower costs of transportation to New York.
Most cases where net return from oranges on the New York
auction was less than from other auctions are confined to
grade 2.
Grapefruit also returned more to the shipper when sent to
the New York auction, except in 1932-33 when other auctions
seemed to provide a better market (Tables 21, 22, and 23).
Temples and tangerines showed a higher net return each of
the seasons in New York than in "Other Markets" (Tables 24
and 25).











TABLE 18.-FLORIDA ORANGES-MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER BOX TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN
FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND GRADE.
Parson Brown
Supergrade Grade 1 Grade 2
Month Sold New York |Other Marketsl All Markets New York IOther Marketsl All Markets | New York [Other Marketsl All Markets
SNet Net Net Net Net Net Net Net Net
Boxes Re- BBoxesRe- Boxes Re- Boxes e s Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- oxes Re- Boxes Re-
turn turn turn turn turn turn I turn turn turn
1930-31 i
September-October-----_..-----------1--17:1---5-1$--8 4
September-October .......... 7,156 $3.74 7,156 $3.74 542 $3.59 360 $3.16 902 $3.42
November ............... 10,260 2.43 1,732 $2.50 11,992 2.44 1,334 1.85 4,772 1.54 6,106 1.61
December........................ 136 1.73 136 1.73 898 1.12 898 1.12
Total or average ......... | |I 17,552 $2.96 1,732 $2.50 | 19,284 |$2.92 | 1,876 1$2.35 6,030 11.57 7,906 $1.76
1931-32

September-October .......... 40 $1.09 40 $1.09 9 $0.43 97 $0.43
November .......................... 2,169 $2.13 188 1.82 2,357 2.11 898 $1.49 431 1.29 1,29 1.43
December ..................... 289 $2.4 289 $2.43 843 1.95 843 1.95 682 2.13 682 2.13
January ........................ 6 2.78 6 2.78 10 2.15 10 2.15
Total or average .......... 295 $2.44 | 295 $2.44 | 3,022 $2.08 I 228 |$1.69 3,250 1$2.05 1 1,580 $1.77 I 528 $1.13 2,108 $1.61
1932-33

September-October ..... 81 $1.71 81 $1.71 66 $1.24 66 $1.24
November ................ 23 $2.32 23 $2.32 2,942 2.36 2,942 2.36 1,092 .74 542 $2.33 1,634 1.94
December ..........................331 331 2.40 346 2.09 346 2.09
January ........ ......
February ........................... 105 .99 105 .99
Total or average .......... 23 $2.32 | 2.32 I 3,354 $2.35 | | | 3,354 $2.35 I 1,263 $1.65 I 888 $2.24 2,151 $1.89











TABLE 18.-FLORIDA ORANGES-MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER BOX TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN
FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND GRADE (Continued).
Pineapple
Supergrade I Grade 1 | Grade 2
Month Sold New York IOther Markets All Markets I New York |Other Marketsl All Markets I New York |Other Marketsl All Markets
Net I Net Net Net B I Net B Net I Net Net Net
Boxes Re- Re- oxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re-
turn turn turn turn turn turn return turn turn
1930-31

September-October 390 $4.51 390 $4.51 257 $2.95 257 $2.95 157 $3.33 157 $8.33
November ............. 5,100 3.71 22 $3.48 5,122 3.71 6,817 2.68 3,431 $2.31 10,248 2.56 857 2.05 4,183 $1.68 5,040 1.74
December .............. 5,860 2.98 41 2.71 5,901 2.98 14,570 2.36 5,798 2.18 20,368 2.31 2,482 2.05 6,066 1.54 8,548 1.69
January ......................... 6,386 2.76 13 2.90 6,399 2.76 22,984 2.21 5,920 2.00 28,904 2.17 4,352 1.84 5,739 1.58 10.091 1.69
February .................... 4,824 2.79 561 2.30 5,385 2.74 18,008 2.41 7,010 2.11 25,018 2.33 8,197 1.96 6,618 1.87 14,815 1.92
March ...... ............. 4,799 3.38 174 2.96 4,973 3.37 13,447 2.96 4,573 2.80 18,020 2.92 4,025 2.57 1,548 2.43 5,573 2.53
April ............................. 514 8.21 55 2.64 569 8.15 1,053 2.81 249 2.19 1,302 2.69 26 2.47 26 2.47
May ................................... 10 2.23 10 2.23 12 2.25 12 2.25
Total or average .......... 127,873 $3.12 | 866 |$2.51 28,739 $3.11 77,1461$2.471 26,981 $2.24 1104,127 $2.411 20,0821$2.08 24,180 $1.72 44,262 $1.89
1931-32

November .................. 600 $2.47 1 $1.89 601 $2.47 2.028 $2.66 1,688 $2.86 8,716 $2.52 946 $2.08 819 $1.68 1,765 $1.89
December ..................... 2,623 2.99 233 2.19 2,856 2.92 13,428 2.58 8,519 2.07 16,947 2.43 4.593 1.89 2.166 1.72 6,759 1.84
January ........... ........ 4,894 2.66 103 2.95 4,997 2.67 21,690 2.38 5,568 2.07 27,258 2.82 7,046 2.07 5,246 1.67 12.292 1.90
February ...................... 1,680 3.06 166 2.66 1,846 8.02 21,405 2.66 5,192 2.88 26,597 2.60 7,752 2.85 6,408 2.10 14,160 2.24
March ....................... 388 4.01 888 4.01 6,196 8.07 6,196 8.07 2,647 2.40 1,882 2.54 3,979 2.45
April .............................. 456 3.45 456 .45 75 2.98 75 2.98 60 2.89 8 2.20 63 2.88
May ..... ........ 60 3.46 60 8.46 819 2.92 819 2.92
Total or average .......... 10,641 $2.88 503 $52.50 11,144 5$2.86 1 64.882 $2.58 [ 15,967 $2.19 I 80,849 $2.50 1 23.868 |$2.18 | 15,974 $1.92 I 89,337 $2.07
1982-88

November .................... 111 $8.85 111 $8.85 2.497 $2.74 28 $1.91 2,520 $2.78 567 $1.92 1,856 $2.04 1.928 $2.00
December ...................... 4,077 2.69 95 $2.01 4,172 2.67 21.586 2.12 7,150 1.77 28,786 2.08 5,166 1.65 7.037 1.61 12.208 1.68
January ................ 8,821 2.79 180 2.26 8,501 2.76 22,452 2.20 3,619 1.98 26,071 2.17 4,480 1.45 7.454 1.72 11.934 1.62
February 2.............. 2.208 2.56 288 2.01 2.441 2.51 18,612 1.98 2,858 1.69 21,465 1.94 7.921 1.82 6,876 1.52 14,797 1.41
March ................ 2. 2.1 279 1.90 2,829 2.81 14,584 2.02 2,762 1.60 17,846 1.95 10,598 1.41 5,726 1.85 16,824 1.89
April .................... 524 2.65 524 2.65 4,568 1.78 919 1.60 5,487 1.71 1,811 1.16 1,508 .96 2,819 1.05
May ........................... 19 1.51 19 1.51 1,848 1.28 1,848 1.28 826 1.18 825 1.18
Total or average .......... 12,810 $2.74 787 2.08 18,597 12.70 85,647 $2.08 1 17,826 $1.76 102,9781 2.02 80,868 $11.48 29,957 11.55 60,8251$1.49











TABLE 18.-FLORIA ORANGES--MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER BOX TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN
FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND GRADE (Continued).
Valencia
Supergrade | Grade 1 I Grade 2
Month Sold New York [Other Marketsl All Markets I New York [Other Marketsi All Markets I New York [Other MarketsA All Markets
Boxes Re- Boxes Be- Boxes Re- Boxes e- Boxes e- Boxes e- Boxes Boxes e- Boxes Re-
turn turn turn turn turn turn turn turn turn
1930-31

February $ 839 $2.78 839 $2.78 931 $1.85 931 $1.85
March ..2,666 $298 13 $298 2,679 $2.98 24,735 2.66 8,539 $2.62 33,274 2.65 2,515 2.25 4,818 $2.28 7,333 2.27
April .... 1,708 3.16 29 2.86 1,737 3.15 31,905 2.86 10,224 2.66 42,129 2.81 9,161 2.57 11,834 2.55 20,995 2.56
May .. 7,209 3.18 725 2.83 7,934 3.15 51,850 2.78 24,552 2.64 76,402 2.74 16,076 2.52 27,003 2.42 43,079 2.46
June . 508 3.77 508 3.77 30,223 3.07 12,735 2.72 42,958 2.97 14,964 2.49 14,205 2.27 29,169 2.38
July-August 1,717 2.97 1,717 2.97 1,627 2.49 180 1.90 1,807 2.43
Total or average ---1 12,091 $3.16 767 1$2.83 12,858 |$3.14 1141,269 |$2.84 | 56,050 1$2.66 1197,319 1$2.79 45,274 |$2.49 I 58,040 1$2.40 | 103,314 $2.44
1931-32

February ....... 283 $3.78 283 $3.78 329 $2.46 329 $2.46
March ................. 4,549 3.50 71 $340 4,620 3.50 33,100 3.11 6,694 $2.55 39,794 3.02 6,011 $266 8,357 $2.68 14,368 $2.67
April .............. 4,966 3.72 2 4.18 4,998 3.72 3278 3.02 8396 2.78 41,674 2.97 7,748 2.64 15,240 2.69 22,988 2.67
May 111 3.66 111 3.66 41,214 2.84 10,518 2.49 51,732 2.77 15,852 2.39 15,128 2.30 30,980 2.35
June ... ... 21,914 2.69 963 2.54 22,877 2.68 12,123 2.34 872 2.46 12,995 2.35
Total or average .......... 9.909 $3.62 103 $3.64 1 10,012 $3.62 1129,835 1$2.93 26,571 $2.60 I 156,406 |$2.87 | 41,734 $2.46 I 39,597 $2.53 | 81,331 $2.50
1932-33

March ...................... ..... 235 $2.65 30 $2.13 265 $2.59 5,942 $1.86 338 $1.68 6,280 $1.85 4,072 $1.39 1,446 $1.19 5,518 $1.34
April .... ........ 1,503 2.76 1,503 2.76 22,364 1.88 3,715 1.50 26,079 1.83 15,053 1.34 22,352 1.24 37,405 1.28
May ....................... 3,389 2.40 575 1.66 3964 2.29 31,945 1.61 6,593 1.36 38.538 1.57 31,022 1.19 42,110 1.06 73,132 1.12
June .................... 581 3.03 227 2.14 808 2.78 10,436 1.97 1,627 1.89 12,063 1.96 29,978 1.41 10,715 1.35 40,693 1.39
July-August ............. 1,168 2.11 37 2.12 1,205 2.11 6,250 1.97 724 176 6,974 1.95
Total or average .......... 5,708 $2.57 I 832 $1.81 6,540 1$2.47 I 71,855 $1.78 12,310 1$1.49 I 84,165 $1.73 | 86,375 $1.36 I 77,347 $1.16 163,722 [$1.27








TABLE 18.-FLORIDA ORANGES-MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER BOX TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN
FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND GRADE (Concluded).
Other Varieties
Supergrade | Grade 1 | Grade 2
Month Sold New York !Other Marketsl All Markets I New York [Other Marketsl All Markets I New York IOther Marke:sI All Markets
INet Net Net Net Net Net Net Net Net
B Re- I ee
Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Ite- Boxes Re- I Boxes Re- Boxes Re-
turn, Iturn turn turn I turn turn turn turn
1930-31
September-October .- 4,508 $3.72 2.539 $3.18 7,047 $3.53 1.096 $2.40 1,981 $2.15 3.077 $2.24
November............ 1,260 $2.74 38 $3.72 1,298 $2.77 22,024 2.56 10,636 1.69 32,630 2.28 4,403 1.62 6,781 1.27 11,184 1.41
December ............... 1,159 2.43 852 2.50 1,511 2.45 20,384 1.92 6,309 1.71 26,693 1.87 4,798 1.59 7,974 1.23 12,772 1.37
February ...... 5,605 2.32 255 1.99 5,860 2.31 19,341 2.09 7,752 1.93 27,093 2.04 3,726 1.95 7,271 1.76 10,997 1.82
March ........................ 3,619 2.90 3,619 2.90 16,039 2.71 1,268 2.67 17,307 2.71 3,702 2.34 1,881 2.55 5,583 2.41
April ........................... 981- 2.76 8 2.89 984 2.76 7,903 2.61 1,548 3.00 9,451 2.67 785 2.43 860 2.42 1,645 2.42
May .................. 2,121 8.03 2,121 8.03 2,909 2.71 1,110 2.96 4,019 2.78 940 2.00 529 2.72 1,469 2.26
June ............................- 2,082 2.96 2,082 2.96 487 2.08 860 1.69 847 1.91
July-Au'ust ...... ....... .! 360 3.02 360 3.02 19
Total or average ........ 17,829 $2.53 1 735 |$2.42 | 18,564 ($2.58 1116,156 $2.34 I 36,858 $1.96 I 153,014 $2.25 I 27.219 $1.82 | 35,700 $1.55 ) 62,919 $1.67

__1931-32
September-October --- 744 $1.69 744 $1.69 80 $0.12 30 $0.12
November ............ 187 $.51 187 $3.51 9,300 $2.42 3,700 1.91 13,000 2.27 1,862 $171 2,075 1.39 3,937 1.54
December ................ 1,675 2.65 145 $2.13 1,820 2.61 15,956 2.20 4,862 1.86 20,818 2.12 7,566 1.78 8,273 1.53 10,839 1.70
January ..................-- 1,055 2.87 114 2.65 1,169 2.40 17,163 2.03 2,215 1.89 19,378 2.01 6,833 1.61 4,656 1.44 11,489 1.54
February .............. .. 1,042 2.81 79 2.22 1,121 2.77 19,750 2.38 4,027 1.92 23,777 2.30 8,973 2.13 4869 1.88 13,842 2.04
March ............................ 819 8.55 16 3.23 835 3.54 7,611 2.64 2,916 2.45 10,527 2.59 5,077 2.29 2,212 2.17 7,289 2.25
April ......................... 868 8.41 368 3.41 2,637 2.94 1,120 2.65 8,757 2.85 1,076 2.47 1,117 2.66 2,193 2..57
May ............--- ...-- 1,495 2.76 816 2.96 2,311 2.83 299 2.36 822 2.27 1,121 2.29
June .............................-- .. 672 2.49 __672 2.49 473 2.53 473 2.53
Total or average ..........1 5,146 |$2.85 854 $2.87 1 5.500 1$2.82 I 74.584 |$2.32 [ 20.400 $2.05 [ 94,984 |$2.26 I 32,159 $1.96 19,054 $1.75 | 51,213 $1.88

1982-88
September-October ....- 68 $2.49 68 $2.49
November ................. 281 $2.6 87 $2.52 18 $2.6 7,767 $2.45 2,991 2.01 10,758 2.38 2,261 $1.78 2,067 $160 4,828 $1.69
December ...,.... 26 1.78 97 2.26 858 1.88 18,659 1.80 28568 1.60 21,012 1.78 5.605 1.86 2,470 1.58 8,075 1.48
January .............. 817 2.27 817 2.27 14,211 1.79 8,710 1.67 17,921 1.77 8,097 1.42 8,958 1.47 12,050 1.44
February .. ....... 285 2.58 81 2.88 866 2.49 18,410 1.55 8,680 1.69 17040 1.58 12,471 1.08 6,494 1.86 18,965 1.18
March ....................... 206 2.0 208 2.08 409 2.17 17,699 1.52 2,182 1.59 19,881 1.58 21765 1.21 4,844 1.88 26,609 1.28
April ....... 118 1.88 29 2.08 142 1.91 12,556 1.28 2,521 1.22 15,077 1.28 18,013 .97 2,285 1.0 15,248 .98
May ......................... 840 2.68 840 2.68 2,286 1.52 5 .84 2,291 1.52 2,58 1.00 1,171 .86 8,766 .96
June ................ 4 8.1 94 8.1 972 2.16 972 2.16 2,605 1.57 2,605 1.87
JulT-Auust ........... .... 118 1.85 118 1.85
Total or average ......... 1,892 $2.87 447 12.17 I 2.889 1$2.88 1 87,580 $51.8 117,456 111.65 105,015$1.67 1 68,520 $1.20 2824 11.86 91,754 $1.24






TABLE 19.-FLORDA ORANGES-MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER BOX TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN
FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY, ALL GRADES COMBINED1.
Parson Brown I Pineapple I Valencia
New York IOther Marketsl All Markets I New York IOther Markets[ All Markets I New York |Other Marketsl All Markets
Month Sold Net Net Net Net Net Net Net Net Net
n Boxes Re-' Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re-
turn turn turn turn turn turn turn turn turn
1930-31

September-October 7,6988.73 360 $3.16 8,058 $3.70, 875 $3.66 875 $3.66
November 11,594 2.37 6,504 1.79 18,098 2.16 12,784 3.04 7,636 $1.97 20,420 2.64
December 136 1.73 898 1.12 1,034 120 22,912 2.49 11,905 1.85 34,817 2.27
January 33,722 2.27 11,672 1.79 45,394 2.15
February 31,029 2.35 14,189 2.00 45,218 2.24 1,770 $2.29 1,770 $2.29
March 22,271 2.98 6,295 2.71 28,66 2.92 29,934 2.65 13,870 $2.0 43,304 2.60
April --*"" 1.567 2.94 330 2.29 1.897 2.83 42,774 2.81 22,087 2.60 64.861 2.74
May ------ __-28 2.15 28 2.15 75,189 2.76 53,7ul1 2.52 128,890 2.66 0
June 45,761 2.89 27,276 2.47 73,0837 2.73
July-August 3,759 2.69 180 1.90 3,939 2.65
Total or average .--- 19,428 $2.90 I 7,762 |$1.78 | 27,1901$2.58 125.188 $2.55 1 52,027 $2.00 1 177,215 $2.39 199,187 [$2.78 116.614 $2.52 315.801 1$2.68
1931-32


November .... 3,067 $1.94 619 1.45 3686 1.86 3,574 $248 2508 $2.14 6082 $2.84
December--- 1,814 2.10 1,814 2.10 20,644 2.45 5,918 1.94 26,562 2.34
January -16 2.39 16 2.39 33,630 2.86 11,048 1.88 44,678 2.24
February 30,837 2.60 12,260 2.20 43,097 2.49 612 $3.07 612 $3.07
March 9,231 2.92 1,332 2.54 10,563 2.87 43,732 3.08 15,470 $2.62 59,202 2.96
April .. 591 3.28 2.20 594 3.27 46,338 3.02 24051 2.71 70,389 2.91
May ......... 379 3.01 379 3.01 57,347 2.72 26,569 2.37 83,916 2.61
June. -- 34,137 2.56 2.118 2.43 36.255 2.55
Total or average .1 4,897 $2.00 756 $1.30 5,653 |$1.91 98,886 $2.52 3 83,069 1$2.06 1131.955 8$2.40 182,166 1$2.85 1 68,208 [$2.55 I 250,374 1$2.77
1932-33

September-October .... 147 $1.50 147 $1.50
November ... ... 4,.66 2.12 542 $2.33 5.008 2t14 3,175 $2.61 1,379 $2.04 4,554 $2.44
December 331 2.40 346 2.09 677 2.24 30,829 2.12 14,333 1.70 45,162 1.99
January ..... 30,373 2.15 11,253 1.81 41,626 2.06
February 105 99 105 .99 28,791 1.84 9,997 1.58 88,788 1.77
March 28,259 1.86 8,811 1.44 37,070 1.76 10,792 $1.67 1,814 $1.30 12.606 $1.62
April ........ 6,403 1.69 2,427 1.20 8,830 1.56 39,863 1.69 26,579 1.26 66,442 1.52
May 1,692 1.26 1,692 1.26 698 1.44 49,278 1. 117,261 1.80
June ...---..---.42,804 1.55 12,706 1.44 55,510 1.52
July-August ....... ..... 8,159. 1.96 761 1.77 8,920 1.94
Total or average .[| 5,049 |$2.10 1 888 1$2.24 1 5,937 |$2.12 1129,522 |$1.99 | 48,200 1$1.64 1177,722 |$1.89 1169,601 $1.657 91,138 1$1.211 260,739 |$1.44 I
'Includes a small amount of Grade 8 fruit.







TABLE 19.-FLORIDA ORANGES-MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER Box TO THE SHIPPER FOR
ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY, ALL GRADES COMBINED1
(Concluded).
Other Varieties | All Varieties
New York IOther Markets! All Markets I New York |Other Marketsj All Markets
Month Sold Net I Net Net Net Net -- Net
Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- I Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re-
turn turn turn turn turn turn
1930-31

September-October ..... 5,632 $3.45 4,584 $2.70 10,216 $3.11 14,205 $3.61 4,944 $2.74 19,149 $3.39
November ........ .......... 27,687 2.42 17,895 1.52 45,582 2.07 52,065 2.56 32,035 1.68 84,100 2.22
December ... ..... 26,437 1.88 14,675 1.47 41,112 1.73 49,485 2.16 27,478 1.62 76,963 1.97
January ....... ..... 30,972 1.85 13,876 1.48 44,848 1.74 64,694 2.07 25,548 1.62 90,242 1.94
February ... ...... 28,672 2.11 15,278 1.85 43,950 2.02 61,471 2.24 29,467 1.92 90,938 2.14
March ...... ..... 23,360 2.68 3,466 2.39 26,826 2.64 75,565 2.76 23,131 2.54 98,696 2.71
April .......... .............. 9,669 2.61 2,411 2.79 12,080 2.65 54,010 2.78 24,828 2.62 78,838 2.73
May ....... ............ 5,970 2.71 1,639 2.88 7,609 2.75 81,187 2.76 55,340 2.53 136,527 2.67
June ......... ... 2569 2.79 360 1.69 2,929 2.65 48,330 2.88 27,636 2.46 75,966 2.73
July-August ...................... 360 3.02 360 3.02 4,119 2.72 180 1.90 4,299 2.69
Total or average .......... 161,828 |$2.27 I 74,184 $1.76 | 235,512 |$2.11 505,131 1$2.57 | 250,587 $2.16 | 755,718 |$2.43
1931-32

September-October .......... 799 $1.56 799 $1.56 936 $1.43 936 $143
November........ ......11,849 $2.32 5,775 1.72 17,124 2.12 17,990 $2.29 8,932 1.82 26,892 2.13
December ...... ............ 25,197 2.10 8,280 1.78 83,477 2.01 47,655 2.25 14,198 1.82 61.853 2.15
January ........ .......... 25,051 1.93 7,108 1.59 32,159 1.85 58,697 2.17 18,156 1.77 76.853 2.08
February ...................... 29,948 2.32 8,975 1.90 38,923 2.22 61,397 2.47 21,235 2.08 82,632 2.37
March ....... ...... 13,745 2.55 5,144 2.38 18,889 2.49 66,708 2.95 21,946 2.54 88,654 2.85
April ................. 4,081 2.86 2,237 2.66 6,318 2.79 51,010 3.01 26,291 2.71 77,801 2.91
May ..... ......... 1,794 2.69 1,789 2.56 8,583 2.63 59,520 2.72 28.858 2.38 87,878 2.61
June ....................................1,145 2.51 884 1.05 1,529 2.14 35,282 2.56 2,502 2.21 37,784 2.54
Total or average .......... 112,810 |$2.24 1 40,491 $1.90 152,8011$2.15 398,259 1$2.59 142,524 12.24 540,783 |$2.50
1982-88

September-Otober .......... 68 $2.49 6 $2.49 147 $1.50 68 2.49 210 $1.80
November ...... ............ 10,809 $2.61 5,095 1.84 15,404 2.15 17,950 2.81 7,016 1.92 24,966 2.20
December ....... .......... 24,678 1.70 4,927 1.61 29,605 1.69 55,888 1.98 19,606 1.68 75,444 1.87
January ......... ...... 22,654 1.66 7,956 1.55 80,610 1.68 58,027 1.94 19.209 1.70 72,286 1.88
February ..................... 26,16 1.84 10,205 1.49 86,871 1.88 55,062 1.60 20,202 1.58 75,264 1.58
March ................. 40,072 1.85 7,556 1.40 47,628 1.86 79,128 1.57 18,181 1.41 97,804 1.64
April ......... .............. 26,756 1.10 4,888 1.14 80,589 1.11 72,022 1.48 88,889 1.24 105,861 1.40
May ..................................... 5,211 1.84 1,176 .86 6,887 1.25 74,886 1,48 50,454 1.10 125,840 1.80
June ........ ... ..... 8,728 1.76 8,728 1.76 46,582 1.57 12,706 1.44 59,288 1.54
July-Au7ust ....118 1.85 1 118 1.85 8,277 1.96 761 1.77 9,088 1.94
Total or average .......... 168,892 i$1.481 41,81f$1.49 200,08 jA1.48 462,864 $1.66 182.087 181.89 644.901181.58
'Include a small amount of Grade 8 fruit.






TABLE 20.-FLORIDA ORANGES--MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER BOX TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN
FIVE MARKETS, BY GRADE, ALL VARIETIES COMBINED1.


Supergrade Gra e 1 I Grade 2 -
NewYork IOtherMarketsl All Markets | NewYork IOtherMarkets] All Markets | New York |Other Marketsl All Markets
Month Sold Net Net Net Net Net Net Net Net Net
Boxes Re- Boxes Ie- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re-
tturn turn turn turn turn turn turn turn
1930-31

September-October .... 390 $4.51 890 $4.51 11,921 $3.71 2,5839 $3.18 14,460 $3.62 1,795 $2.84 2,341 $2.30 4,136 $2.53
November ............. 6,360 8.52 60 $3.63 6,420 3.52 39,101 2.55 15,769 1.91 54,870 2.37 6,594 1.72 15,736 1.46 22,330 1.54
December ........ 7,019 2.89 393 2.52 7,412 2.87 35,090 2.10 12,107 1.94 47,197 2.06 7,280 1.75 14,938 1.35 22,218 1.48
January .................. 9,470 2.52 100 281 9,570 2.52 43,590 2.07 11,646 1.82 55,236 2.02 11,634 1.67 13,802 1.45 25,436 1.55
February ............. 10,429 2.54 816 2.21 11.245 2.52 38.188 2.25 14,762 2.01 52,950 2.18 12,854 1.95 13,889 1.81 26,743 1.88
March ................ ... 11,084 3.13 187 2.96 11,271 3.13 54,221 2.75 14,380 2.68 68,601 2.74 10,242 2.41 8,247 2.37 18,489 2.39
April ... .................. 3,203 3.04 87 2.72 3,290. 3.03 40,861 2.81 12,021 2.70 52,882 2.78 9,946 2.56 12,720 2.54 22,666 2.55
May .......... .. 9,330 3.15 725 2.83 10,055 3.13 54,769 2.78 25,662 2.66 80,431 2.74 17,028 2.49 27,532 2.43 44,560 2.45
June .......................... .. 508 3.77 508 3.77 32,305 3.07 12,735 2.72 45,040 2.97 15,451 248 14,565 2 26 30,016 2.37
July August ................... ____ 2,077 2.98 2,077 2.98 1,627 2.49 180 1.90 1,807 2.43
Total or average ....... 57,793 $2.95 1 2,368 |$2.59 I 60,161 $2.94 1352,123 $12.60 I 121,621 1$2.36 473,744 |$2.54 94,4511$2.21 123,950 1$1.98 218,401 |$2.08
1931-32

September-October .. 784 $1.65 784 $1.65 127 $0.6 127 $0.36
November ........... 787 $2.72 1 $1.89 788 $2.72 13,497 $2.41 5,576 2.04 19,073 2.30 3,706 $1.75 3,325 1.45 7,081 1.61
December .................. 4,587 2.83 378 2.17 4,965 2.78 30,227 2.34 8,381 1.94 38,608 2.25 12,841 1.84 5,439 1.61 18,280 1.77
January ....................... 5,955 2.60 217 2.79 6,172 2.61 38,863 2.23 7,783 2.02 46,646 2.19 13,879 1.84 9,902 1.56 23,781 1.72
February ...... 3,005 3.04 245 2.52 3,250 3.00 41,484 2.52 9,219 2.15 50,703 2.45 16,725 2.23 11.277 2.00 28,002 2.14
March ....................... 5,756 3.54 87 3.37 5,843 3.54 46,907 3.03 9,610 2.52 56,517 2.94 13,735 2.47 11,901 2.57 25,636 2.52
April..................... 5,790 3.68 32 4.18 5,822 3.68 35,990 3.01 9,516 2.76 45,506 2.96 8,884 2.62 16,860 2.69 25,244 2.67
May ...... ........... 111 3.66 111 3.66 42,769 2.84 11,334 2.52 54,103 2.77 16,470 2.40 15,950 2.30 32.420 2.35
June ........... ____ __ 22,586 2.68 963 2.54 23,549 2.67 12,596 2.35 872 2.46 13,468 2.36
Total or average ..... 25,9911$3.15 1 960 12.57 8 26,9511$3.13 1272,323 i$2.67 1 63,166 1$2.311 335,489 $2.60 I 98,836 j$2.22 7 75,153 |$2.20 1 173,989 1$2.21
I I 1932-33


September-October .-.
November ...................
December .................
January ...-....- ........
February ....................
March ............................
April ...................
May .................... ...
June ..........................
July-Au-ust ..............


$2.76 37
2.64 192
2.74 180
2.56 314
2.85 612
2.68 29
2.42 575
3.04 227


452
4,525
3,818
2,807
3,503
2,169
4,323
902


81 $1.71!
$2.74 13,206 2.49
2.62 40,576 1.98
2.72 36,663 2.04
2.51 32,022 1.80
2.72 38,225 1.76
2.67 39,488 1.65
2.32 i 35,579 1.60
2.811 11,408 1.99
1,168 2.11


63
3,014
9,503
7,329
6,483
5,282
7,155
6,598
1,627
37


144
16.220
50,079
43,992
38,505
43,507
46,643
42,177
13,035
1,205


66
3,920
10,771
12,577
20,497
36,435
29,377
33,932
32,583
6,368


3,965
9,853
11,407
13,370
12,016
26,095
43,281
10,715
724


66
7,885
20.624
23,984
33,867
48,451
55,472
77,213
43,298
7,092


I





Ca
**-<



$.
cr


$1.24
1.82
1.56
1.53
1.28
1.80
1.19
1.10
1.41
1.95 O


Total or average ........ 20,433 $2.66 1 2,066 $1.97 1 22,499 1$2.60 1248,416 1$1.85 1 47,091 $1.65 | 295,507 1$1.82 1186,526 |$1.32 1131,426 1$1.29 317,952 1$1.31
'Includes a small amount of Grade 3 fruit.


c0








TABLE 21,-FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT-MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER BOX TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN
FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND GRADE.
Marsh Seedless
Supergrade j Grade 1 I Grade 2
Month Sold New York [Other Marketsl All Markets I New York IOther Marketsl All Markets I New York IOther Markets] All Markets
Net Net Net Net Nt I Net Net Net
Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re-
turn turn turn turn turn turn turn turn turn
1930-31

September-October --- 81 -$.46 81 -$.46 206 -$.69 206 -$.69
November ....... 26 2.57 26 2.57 39 2.26 39 2.26
December .................... 517 $3.60 22 1.09 539 3.50 83 $3.34 83 3.34
January ..................... 1,034 3.31 1,838 2.34 2,872 2.69 182 2.18 934 1.83 1,116 1.89
Februray .............. 15 $3.31 15 $3.31 4,728 2.06 1,211 1.94 5,939 2.04 356 1.78 1,894 1.55 2,250 1.59
March ...................... 612 1.93 612 1.93 6,653 2.52 2,099 1.80 8,752 2.35 799 1.50 1,774 1.90 2,573 1.78
April ......................... 1,445 2.61 152 $2.19 1,597 2.57 14,735 2.63 7,962 1.97 22,697 2.40 3,233 1.73 9,170 1.51 12,403 1.57
May ................ .. 3,323 2.37 463 2.19 3,786 2.35 24,712 2.06 9,802 1.53 34,514 1.91 6,179 1.05 15,517 1.04 21,696 1.04
June ........................ 493 2.16 27 2.82 520 2.19 13,120 1.30 8,336 1.15 21,456 1.24 8,810 .56 15,253 .61 24,063 .59
July-August ............._ 1,786 .08 224 .12 2,010 .08 1,319 .22 771 1.06 2,090 .53
Total or average ..........1 5,888 $2.37 642 1$2.22 I 6,530 $2.35 I 67,285 |$2.06 1 31,601 1$1.61 98,886 1$1.92 | 20,961 |$0.95 I 45,558 1$1.06 1 66,519 $1.02
1931-32

September-October .... 23 $2.91 23 $2.91 21 $2.63 21 $2.63
November .........- 691 2.08 154 $2.27 845 2.11 684 1.73 270 $1.50 954 1.66
December ......... 1,758 2.14 358 1.49 2,116 2.03 582 1.46 469 1.27 1,051 1.38
January ................... 610 $2.44 610 $2.44 1,297 1.98 595 1.40 1,892 1.80 250 1.76 725 .92 975 1.14
February ................... 2,240 1.89 58 $1.36 2,293 1.88 11,728 1.57 3,108 1.22 14,836 1.60 2,422 .95 3,044 .95 5,466 .95
March ........................ 1,829 2.34 45 1.59 1,874 2.32 14,902 2.02 3,179 1.40 18,081 1.91 4,309 1.61 4,574 1.26 8,883 1.43
April ......... .......... 1,363 2.52 85 2.59 1,448. 2.52 14,486 2.47 8,564 1.92 23,050 2.27 7,201 1.83 5,676 1.68 12,877 1.76
May ........ ................. 14,671 2.86 7,544 2.72 22,215 2.81 9,030 2.37 2,008 2.38 11,038 2.37
June .................................... 4,540 3.58 108 2.67 4,648 8.51 1,810 2.80 463 2.21 2,273 2.68
Total or average ........-. 6,042 [$2.22 I 188 1$1.99 I 6,225 1$2.22 I 64,096 |$2.34 I 28,610 1$2.00 I 87,706 1$2.25 1 26,809 1$1.95 I 17,229 1$1.49 | 48,588 1$1.77
1932-33

September-October -- 16 $2.28 16 $2.28 22 $1.96 22 $1.96
November ..... 228 $8.95 228 $8.95 1,370 $8.21 102 3.11 1,472 8.20 1,182 $2.60 121 1.84 1,258 2.58
December .............. .. 80 2.78 80 2.78 1,149 2.84 2,869 2.91 8,518 2.72 1,705 1.47 1,854 1.99 8,059 1.70
January ................... 255 8.57 255 8.57 1,755 2.42 888 2.72 2,148 2.47 1,198 1.17 168 1.87 1,861 1.26
February ................. 490 8.84 490 8.84 8,878 2.57 1,209 2.84 4,582 2.51 1,766 1.42 1,447 1.72 8,218 1.56
March ..... ....... 841 2.96 82 $2.55 878 2.94 7,755 2.16 8,874 2.20 11,629 2.17 4,821 1.44 7,164 1.52 11,985 1.49
April ....................... .. 1,845 2.52 1.845 2.52 7,776 1.98 5,298 2.19 18,069 2.04 6,588 1.11 8,028 1.40 14,611 1.27
May .................................... 416 2.00 67 2.80 482 2.04 5,186 1.25 4,886 1.62 10,072 1.48 11,889 .88 9,269 .92 21,158 .87
June .................................. 68 2.21 68 2.21 2,864 1.88 2,175 1.29 4,589 1.81 8,426 .98 4,119 .97 7,546 .95
July-August 8............. 8.708 1.78 664 .88 4,872 1.64 10,517 1.24 858 .68 11.870 1.20
Total or average....... .. 4,099 52.80 162 12.81 4,261 12.78 84,486 |$1.97 20,976 182.08 1 55,412 11.99 | 48,087 1$1.1 82,540 $1.261 76,577 11.20







TABLE 21.-FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT-M4ONTHLY NET RETURNS PER Box TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN
FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND GRADE (Concluded).
Other Varieties
Supergrade j Grade 1 Grade 2
Month Sold New York |Other Markets All Markets I New York IOther Markets) All Markets I New York .IOther Markets! All Markets
I Net I Net Net Net Net Net Net Net Net
Boxes Re-B Boxe e Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re-
Sturn turn turn turn turn turn turn turn turn
1930-31

September-October ...... 21,945 $2.91 12,224 $2.86 34,169 $2.71 5,702 $2.36 13,751 $1.77 19,453 $1.94
November .. 4,873 $2.37 1,144 $2.18 6,017 $2.33 27,073 2.37 16,417 1.82 43,490 2.16 6,674 1.83 10,874 1.49 17,548 1.62
December .. ....... 1,944 2.43 529 2.26 2,473 2.39 24,234 2.11 18,589 1.71 42,823 1.94 5,069 1.59 15,699 1.25 20,768 1.33
January ................... 3,294 2.12 73 2.61 3,367 2.13 28,957 1.98 20,388 1.70 49,345 1.86 5,681 1.30 26,525 1.31 32,206 1.31
February ............ .. 1,022 2.05 27 2.38 1,049 2.06 23,084 1.83 11,667 1.61 34,751 1.76 3,258 1.25 16,855 1.15 20,113 1.17
March .............. 3.673 1.84 257 1.78 3,930 1.84 23,376 1.72 12,219 1.56 35,595 1.67 1,380 1.16 13,250 1.23 14,630 1.22
April 3.....,466 2.41 188 1.95 3,654 2.39 19,116 1.81 5,176 1.56 24,292 1.76 7,865 1.35 11,776 1.17 19,641 1.24
May ............................. 04 2.24 92 2.36 396 2.27 17,744 1.23 4,696 1.27 22,440 1.24 5,958 .73 7,356 .76 13.314 .75
June ...... ....... 8,569 .57 1,642 .86 10,211 .62 5,489 .02 3,247 .53 8,736 .21
July-August ..... .. 211 .48 211 .48 360 -1.14 360 -1.14
Total-or average .......... 18,576 $2.21 2,310 $2.16 1 20,886 |$2.21 194,309 $1.96 1103,018 $1.73 | 297,327 $1.88 i 47,076 1$1.31 119,693 1$1.26 166,769 1$1.28
1931-32

September-October 11,467 $2.14 9,59 $1.85 20,826 $2.01 2,667 $1.71 8,312 $1.60 10,979 $1.63
November .......... .. 2,365 $2.27 721 $2.31 3,086 $2.28 24,627 1.96 11,282 1.61 35,909 1.85 11,028 1.34 12,605 1.23 23,633 1.28
December........... 2,808 1.83 366 1.74 3,174 1.82 29,125 1.52 8,148 1.37 37,273 1.49 15,213 1.01 10,439 1.03 25,652 1.02
January ..... 2,359 1.61 352 1.76 2,711 1.63 25,281 1.40 12,027 1.19 37,308 1.33 11,528 .94 9,441 .85 20,969 .90
February ............ 934 1.50 259 1.55 1,193 1.51 25,121 1.19 5,486 1.04 30,607 1.16 12,328 .71 4,177 .81 16,505 .74
March .. ...:.... .......... 868 1.69 18 1.75 886 1.69 17,480 1.62 5,216 1.10 22,696 1.50 9,647 1.14 4,174 .94 13,821 1.08
April ....... 852 2.76 75 2.43 927 2.73 7,124 1.96 2,383 2.03 9,507 1.98 4,574 1.57 2,544 1.73 7.118 1.63
May ............... 1,849 2.46 1,422 2.47 3,271 2.46 2,009 2.19 727 1.65 2,736 2.05
June -.....- 585 3.58 54 2.42 639 3.48 1,338 2.40 679 1.14 2,017 1.98
July-August .......... 509 3.78 ___ 509 3.78 1,191 2.51 1,191 2.51
Total or average ........ 10,186 1$1.92 | 1,7911$1.97 11,977 $1.93 1143,168 |$1.63 | 55,377 $1.46 I 198,545 |$1.58 I 71,528 1$1.16 | 53,098 $1.15 | 124,6211$1.16
1932-33


September-October ..........
November .....................
December .......... ....
January .......................
February ....................
March ..:....:..... .......
April .......... .......
May .................................
June .......... ........ ..
July-August .................


Total or average ........ .. 3,065 LS2.51


22
680
392
14
13
89


22
1,071
1,180
657
477
706
162
185


1,395$SL92 I 4.460 1$2.32


3,954
15,984
18,093
10,748
10,886
11,106
6,546
1,861
1,367
1,266


81,811 181.62


5,596
9,777
9,907
5,399
5,582
2,754
1,006
1,602
328
256


9,550
25,761
28,000
16,147
16,468
13,860
7,551
3,463
1,695
1,522


2,148
11,216
19,317
8,870
9,915
17,660
11,514
4,908
3,089
6.753


42,206 $2.00 | 124,017 |$1.751 95,390 |$0.96


4,824
9,599
14,283
10,160
11,943
13,709
6,589
2,104
1,558
990


6,972
20,815
33,600
19,030
21,858
31,369
18,103
7,012
4,647
7.743


$2.16
1.76
1.06
1.05
1.00
.10
.69
.47
.64 o
.93 OT



75,759 ($1.14 I 171,14 3


e..











Ca

k-4
3.


_I


I ,


I -


S .


I -


. ,








TABLE 22.-FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT-MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER BOX TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN
FIVE MARKETS BY VARIETY, ALL GRADES COMBINED1.
Marsh Seedless I Other Varieties | All Grapefruit
NewYork JOtherMarketsl All Markets I New York IOther MarketsI All Markets I New York OtherMarketsl All Markets
Month Sold NI Ne t et I INet Net Net Net Net I Net Net
Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re-
turn turn turn turn t turn turn turn turn
__1930-31
September-October.... 287 -$.62 287 -$.62 27,763 $2.80 26,446 $2.04 54,209 $2.48 27,763 $2.80 26,733 $2.01 54,496 $2.41
November ............... 65 2.38 65 2.38 38,700 2.27 28,501 1.71 67,201 2.08 38,700 2.27 28,566 1.71 67,266 2.03
December ........................ 600 $3.57 22 1.09 622 3.48 31,247 2.05 34,817 1.51 66,064 1.77 31,847 2.08 34,839 1.51 66,686 1.78
January ................... 1,216 3.14 3,132 2.06 4,348 2.36 37,932 1.89 46,986 1.48 84,918 1.66 39,148 1.93 50,118 1.52 89,266 1.70
February ..... ............. 5 5,099 2.05 3,477 1.56 8,576 1.85 27,364 1.77 28,549 1.34 55,913 1.55 32,463 1.82 32,026 1.37 64,489 1.60
March .... .................. 8,064 2.37 4,050 1.83 12,114 2.19 28,429 1.71 26,579 1.38 55,008 1.55 36,493 1.86 30,629 1.44 67,122 1.67
April ................... 19,413 2.48 17,421 1.72 36,834 2.12 30,447 1.76 17,543 1.30 47,990 1.59 49.860 2.04 34,964 1.51 84,824 1.82
May ............................ 34,214 1.91 25,822 1.24 60,036 1.62 24,006 1.12 12,572 .95 36,578 1.06 58,220 1.58 38,394 1.15 96,614 1.41
June ....... ..................... 22,426 1.02 23,693 .80 46,119 .91 14,059 .86 4,889 .64 18,948 .43 36,485 .77 28,582 .77 65,067 77
July-August ...................... 3,105 .14 995 .85 4,100 .31 211 .48 360 -1.14 571 .90 3,316 .10 1,355 .32 4,671 .16
Total or average ....... 94,137 $1.83 | 78,964 11.28 1 173,101 $1.58 260,158 1$1.86 | 227,242 |$1.48 1 487,400 11.68 1 354,295 $1.85 306,206 $1.43 660,501 $1.66

1931-32
September-October 44 $2.77 44 $2.77 14,201 $2.06 17,927 $1.73 32,128 $1.88 14,245 $2.06 17,927 $1.73 32,172 $1.88
November .......................... 1,375 1.90 424 $1.78 1,799 1.87 38,091 1.80 24,665 1.43 62.756 1.65 39,466 1.80 25,089 1.44 64,555 1.66
December .................. 2,340 1.97 827 1.37 3,167 1.81 47,146 1.87 18,954 1.19 66,100 1.82 49,486 1.40 19,781 1.19 69,267 1.34
January ... .............. 2,157 2.08 1,320 1.13 8,477 1.72 39,168 1.28 22,049 1.04 61,217 1.19 41,325 1.32 23,369 1.05 64,694 1.22
February ... ........... 16,390 1.52 6,205 1.09 22,595 1.40 38,883 1.05 9,922 .96 48,305 1.08 54,773 1.19 16,127 1.01 70.900 1.15
March ............................... 21,162 1.96 8,183 1.29 29,295 1.77 28,164 1.45 9,767 1.01 37,931 1.34 49,326 1.67 17,900 1.14 67,226 1.53
April ............................ 23,213 2.27 15,744 1.81 38,957 2.08 12,581 1.87 5,502 1.76 18,083 1.84 85,794 2.13 21,246 1.80 57,040 2.01
May ..... ................ 24,767 2.65 10,920 2.56 35,687 2.62 8,858 2.82 2,786 2.00 6,594 2.19 28,625 2.60 18,656 2.45 42,281 2.55
June ..... ............. 6,850 8.82 1,054 2.20 7,404 3.16 1,924 2.75 2,452 1.01 4,376 1.78 8,274 3.19 8,506 1.37 11,780 2.65
July-August .... ..._1,700 2.89 1,700 2.89 1.700 2.89 1,700 2.89
Total or average .......... 197,798 |$2.23 1 44,627 $1.78 | 142,425 1$2.09 1225,216 1$1.49 | 118.974 |$1.81 1839,190 1$1.48 823,014 $1.71 158,601 $11.44 | 481,615 1$1.62

1982-83
September-October .... 88 $2.07 88 $2.07 6,152 $2.45 10,822 $2.47 16,974 $2.46 6,152 $2.45 10,860 $2.47 17,012 $2.46
November ....................... 2,725 $8.02 228 2.42 2,948 2.97 27,644 2.05 20,715 2.01 48,859 2.08 80,869 2.14 20,988 2.01 51,807 2.09
December ............... 2,924 1.84 8,728 2.57 6,647 2.25 88,887 1.21 24,686 1.54 68,078 1.84 41,811 1.25 28,409 1.67 69,720 1.42
January .................- 8,208 2.05 556 2.46 8,759 2.11 20,958 1.29 15,686 1.85 86.589 1.82 24,166 1.89 16,192 1.89 40,848 1.89
February ....................... 5,688 2.27 2,980 1.95 8,568 2.16 21,809 1.22 18,164 1.80 89,978 1.26 27,447 1.48 21,094 1.89 48,541 1.41
March ....................... 14,161 1.91 12,698 1.69 26,854 1.81 29,684 .89 18,192 .89 47,826 .89 48,795 1.22 80,885 1.22 74,680 1.22
April......................... 16,209 1.67 18,864 1.67 80,078 1.67 18,222 .98 7,661 .66 25,88 .85 84,481 1.28 21,525 1.81 55,956 1.29
May ...................... 17,490 .98 14,222 1.17 81,712 1.07 6,769 .70 8,706 .58 10,475 .64 24,259 .90 17,928 1.04 42,187 .96
June ........................ 5,790 1.09 6,87 1.09 12147 4,456 .94 2071 .74 6,527 .88 10,246 1.08 8428 101 18,674 1.02
July-August ...................... 14,225 1.88 1517 .7 1,742 1.82 8,019 1.01 1,24 .88 9,265 .99 22244 1.25 2,768 .81 25,007 1.20
Total or average .......... 82865 $1.8 | 56,128 $1.54 188,488 $1.57 1182.045 11.28 I 122.899 1$1.44 I 804,944 $184 264,410 $1.87 179.022 1.47 i448,482 1$1.41
'Include a small amount of Grade 8 fruit.







TABLE 23.-FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT-MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER BOX TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN
FIVE MARKETS BY GRADE, ALL VARIETIES COMBINED.

Y Supergrade I Grade 1 1 Grade 2
NewYork Other Marketsl All Markets New York Other Marketsl All Markets I New York tOther Marketsl All Markets
Month Sold i Net t Net I Net I Net I INet I Net I Net

Sturn turn turn trn turn trn turn turn |_turn turn
1930-31

September-October 21,945 $2.91 12,305 $2.34 34,250 $2.71 5,702 $2.36 13,957 $1.74 19,659 $1.92
November .... .......... 4,873 $2.37 1,144 $2.18 6,017 $2.33 27,073 2.37 16,443 1.82 43,516 2.16 6,674 1.83 10,913 1.50 17,587 1.63

February ......... 1,037 2.07 .27 2.38 1,064 2.08 27,812 1.87 12,878 1.64 40,690 1.80 3,614 1.31 18,749 1.19 22,363 1.21
March............... 4,285 1.85 257 1.78 4,542 1.85 30,029 1.90 14,318 1.59 44,347 1.80 2,179 1.29 15,024 1.31 17,203 1.31
April ................... 4,911 2.47 340 2.06 5,251 2.44 33,851 2.17 13,138 1.81 46,989 2.07 11,098 1.46 20,946 1.32 32,044 1.37
May 3,627 2.36 555 2.22 4,182 2.34 42,456 1.71 14,498 1.45 56,954 1.64 12,137 .89 22,873 .95 35,010 .93
June. ................... 49 2.16 27 2.82 520 2.19 21,689 1.01 9,978 1.10 31,667 1.04 14,299 .35 18,500 60 32,799 49
July-August .............. 1,997 .02 224 .12 2,221 .03 1,319 .22 1,131 .36 2,450 .28
ol or avege 24,464 $2.25 2,952 $2.17 27,416 $2.24 261,594 $1.98 I 134,619 1$1.70 1 396,213 1$1.89 68,037 1$1.20 1 165,251 $1.21 233,288 $1.20
1931-32 _

September-October 11,490 $2.15 9,359 $1.85 20,849 $2.02 2,688 $1.72 8,312 $1.60 11,000 $1.635
November ................... 2,365 $2.27 721 $2.31 3,086 $2.28 25,318 1.96 11,436 1.62 36.754 1.85 11,712 1.36 12,875 1,23 24,587 1.29
December ............. 2,808 1.8 66 1.74 3,174 1.82 0,88 1.55 8,506 1.37 39,389 1.51 15,795 1.02 10,908 1.04 26,703 1.03
January.................... 2,969 1.78 352 1.76 3,321 1.78 26,578 1.43 12,622 1.20 39,200 1.36 11,778 .96 10,166 .86 21,944 .91
February .. ............. 3,174 1.78 312 1.52 3,486 1.76 36,849 1.31 8,594 1.11 45,443 1.27 14.750 .75 7,221 .87 21,971 .79
March ............... 2,697 2.1 6 1.6 2,760 2.12 32,382 1.80 8,395 1.21 40,777 1.68 13,956 1.28 8,748 1.11 22,104 1.21
April ----................ 2,215 2.61 160 2.51 2,75 2.60 21,610 2.30 10,947 1.94 32,557 2.18 11,775 1.73 8,220 1.70 19,995 1.72 M
May ..................................... 16,520 2.81 8,966 2.68 25,486 2.76 11,039 2.34 2,735 2.18 13,774 2.31
June ............................ 5,125 .5 1622.59 5,287 3.51 3,148 2.63 1,142 1.57 4,290 2.35 ,
July-Au:gust .............__09 3.78 5_ 09 3.78 1,191 2.51 1,191 2.51
Total or average .. 16,228 $2.03 1 1,974 $1.98 1 18,202 $2.03 1207,264 |$1.85 78,987 $1.62 286,251 $1.79 I 97,832 $1.37 70,327 $1.24 168,159 $1.32
13591aa


September-October ---.------
November ..................
December ..... ....... .
January ----....--
February .-..............
March ............ ............
April ................................
May ................................
June .. ....................
July-August .........


22 $3.28
614 $3.13 680 2.27
818 2.55 392 1.39
898 2.96 14 2.06
954 2.94 13 1.72
1,458 2.64 121 2.17
2,007 2.50
415 2.00 67 2.30
248 1.69


22 1$3.28
1,294 I 2.68
1,210 1 2.17
912 2.95
967 2.92
1,579 2.60
2,007 2.50
482 2.04
248 1.69


3,954 $2.54
17,354 2.28
19,242 1.51
12,503 1.67
14,259 1.76
18,861 1.64
14,322 1.63
7,047 1.21
3,731 1.37
4,974 1.66


5,612 $2.80
9,879 2.37
12,276 2.15
5,787 1.78
6,791 1.83
6,628 1.91
6,298 1.96
6,488, 1.42
2,503 1.33
920 .98


9,566
27,233
31,518
18,290
21,050
25,489
20,620
13,535
6,234
5,894


2,148 $2.29 4,846 $2.10 6,994 $2.16
12,348 1.89 9,720 1.69 22,068 1.80
21,022 .98 15,637 1.31 36,659 1.12
10,063 .96 10,328 1.17 20,391 1.07
11,681 .94 13,390 1.17 25,071 1.06
22,481 .78 20,873 1.06 43,354 .91
18,102 .86 14,612 1.06 32,714 .95
16,797 .74 11,373 .81 28,170 .77
6,515 .83 5,677 .83 12,192 .83
17,270 1.13 1,843 .73 19,113 1.09
1138.427 1$1.011 108.299 $11.18I 246,726 1$1.08


Total or average .---i i1,15% ip-e I L ,u l i eL.. I .I* iIY I I*,- --- ,T------ *


1932-33


_


I


n Ill I~O ca t 1 EE~ IC1 ~C I P 1191 lr~ 66 Illli X~I IXI.IIl na.l~liL Ihs.V1I 1411-415 I~~OU


)~~ In I Cn ~~n Ibn ~~ I ~nn ron lp~ u~












TABLE 24.-FLORIDA MANDARINS--MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER HALF-BOX TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION
IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND GRADE.
Temple
Supergrade Grade 1 I Grade 2
Month Sold New York tOther Markets! All Markets I New York IOther Marketsl All Markets I New York ]Other Marketsl All Markets
Net Net Net Net 'Net I Net Net Net Net 5
Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re-
Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn
1930-31

November ............... 11 1.12 151 $1.12 145 $0.12 145 $0.12
December ........2 .53 52 .53
January ..................... 16 $2.02 16 $2.02 38 1.62 165 $0.70 203 .87 123 $0.98 11 1.09 134 .99
February .... ............. 157 2.24 20 $2.12 177 2.23 1,899 2.80 1,616 1.92 3,515 2.40 1,595 2.38 1,044 1.68 2,639 2.10
March ......428 2.93 19 2.77 447 2.92 779 2.75 280 2.17 1,059 2.60 902 2.45 349 2.50 1,251 2.46
April .................... 9 3.12 9 3.12 1 1.45 6 1.44 7 1.44
May ..................... ...... = 10 .12 10 .12
Total or average .......... 601 $2.73 1 39 |$2.44 | 640 |$2.711 2,886 $2.67 2,061 |$1.86 4,947 |$2.33 2,621 1$2.34 1,607 $1.68 | 4,228 1$2.09


1931-32

December ...................- 116 $1.04 116 1.04
january ................ .... 851 1.71 51 71 403 $1.13 403 .13
February ... .. 193 $1.63 106 $15 299 1.60 2,640 1.7 2,415 $149 5,055 1.43 826 1.05 1,057 $149 1,883 1.30
March........ ...... 121 1.82 8 1.96 129 1.83 1,021 1.97 208 171 1,229 1.93 1,955 1.74 301 1.54 2,256 1.71
April .......... 4 1.80 4 1.80 1,247 2.88 1,247 2.88 1,024 2.02 1,024 2.02
May ... ...... 60 .65 60 .65 35 .41 35 .41 ri
Total or average ..........| 818 1$1.70 | 114 1$1.58 1 432 |$1.67 65,485 $1.72 I 2,623 1$1.51 1 8,058 1$1.65 i 4,243 1$1.60 I 1,358 |$1.50 I 5,601 |$1.58

1932-33

December ..............4 71 1.04 82 $0.88 82 $0.88
January ......................... 25 $1.68 25 $1.68 1,098 1.45 1,093 1.45 689 1.28 182 $1.02 871 1.28
February 1,488 1.20 802 $1.18 1,790 1.19 1,420 .7.4 1,004 1.11 2,424 .89
March ......................... 74 1.84 74 1.84 2,582 1.49 508 .92 8,070 1.40 812 1.09 2,859 .84 8.171 .90
April ................................. 1887 1.82 165 65 2,002 1.26 2,582 .78 1,824 .74 4,856 .78
Total or average .......... 99 $1.79 I 99 $1.79 1 7,051 11.87 I 975 |$0.94 8 8,02 |$1.82 I ,4865 $0.86 I 5,869 10.86 i10,854 1|0.86









TABLE 24.-FLRIDA MANDARINS-MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER HALF-BOX TO THE SHIPPER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION
IN FIVE MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND GRADE (Concluded).
Tangerines
Supergrade Grade 1 I Gra e 2
Month Sold New York |Other Markets[ All Markets I New York Other Markets] Al Markets I New York Other Markets[ All Markets
Half- I Re- I Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- eRe- Half- Half- IRe- Half- Re-
Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn
1930-31

November 273 $1.75 180 $1.42 453 $1.62 20,379 $146 14,761 $1.38 35,140 $1.43 1,998 $1.30 9,662 $1.05 11.660 $1.09
December 4,456 1.61 1,815 1.51 6,271 1.58 35,078 1.13 17,845 1.10 52,923 1.12 3,774 1.05 8,349 .84 12,123 .91
January 2,311 1.47 702 1.02 3,013 1.37 41,645 .88 10,958 .90 52,603 .88 2,377 1.03 8,737 .68 11,114 .75
February ............... 3,489 1.32 150 1.36 3,639 1.32 28.797 1.06 7,180 .87 35,977 1.02 2,517 1.04 13,641 .74 16,158 .79
March .............. 1,265 1.37 63 1.23 1,328 1.36 10,030 .92 14 1.08 10,344 .92 3,766 .85 779 .86 4,545 .85
April ....................
May .................. 207 .21 207 -.21
Total or average ..-1 11,794 $1.47 2,9101 1.37 I 14,704 $1.45 136,136 |$1.07 1 51,058 |$1.11 187,194 ]$1.08 I 14,432 $1.03 41,168 $0.82 I 55,600 $0.88 "
S1931-32

November... 288 $1.51 288 $1.51 17,888 $1.50 6,719 $1.21 24,607 $1.42 5,747 $1.49 846 $0.97 6,593 $1.42
December 3,733 1.26 726 $1.21 4,459 1.25 48,506 1.04 11,693 1.13 60199 1.06 9,481 .80 592 .92 17073 85
January ........................ 3,802 .91 1,588 1.08 5,390 .96 47,362 .86 7,439 .79 54,801 .8 14,480 .54 10,302 .62 24,782 .57
February ........................ 343 1.35 403 1.03 746 1.18 30,540 1.20 3,844 .89 34,384 1.17 16,995 .97 2,626 1.00 19,621 .97
March ........................... 143 1.48 143 1.48 3,950 1.45 114 .89 4,064 1.43 3,530 1.31 112 .86 3,642 1.30
April ... ............. 335 1.56 335 1.56 344 1.05 344 1.05
May .......... 63 .74 63 .74 96 .5 5 6 .55
Total or average ..... 8,3091$1.12 I 2,717 $1.11 [ 11,026 [$1.11i 148,644 $1.08 I 29,809 $1.03 1 178,453 1$1.07 I 50,673 1$0.90 1 21,478 $0.79 172,151 $0.86
1932-33

September-October 7 $1.28 7 $1.28
Novtember- 215 $2.08 430 $0.87 645 $1.2 1945 $1.40 1,569 $0.81 12,514 $1.33 5,105 1.03 1,200 $0.55 6,305 .94
December ............... 2,732 1.19 370 .93 3,102 1.16 25,273 .78 8,152 .84 33,425 .79 3,7 .71 4853 .56 8,586 .63
January ............ ,321 .98 417 .79 3,738 .96 16,931 .76 9,120 .69 26,051 .74 5,178 .68 11.030 .49 16,208 .55
February. ........ 72 1.11 119 1.22 191 1.18 8,154 .70 4.314 .65 12,468 .68 6,991 .36 7,690 .61 14.681 .49
March .. ...... 0 1.21 6 .76 66 1.17 9,277 .77 4,040 .55 13,317 .70 8,490 .64 10,432 .50 18,922 .56
April ............................... 906 .75 906 .75 3.263 .54 3,263 .54
Total or average ...... 6,400 $1.11 1,3421$0.89 I 7,742 $1.07 i 71,486 $0.86 27,195 $0.71 98,681 $0.82 32,767 $0.65 35,205 0.53 i 67,972 $0.59











TABLE 25.-FLORIDA MANDARINS-MONTHLY NET RETURNS PER HALF-BOX TO THE SHIP-
PER FOR ALL SIZES SOLD AT AUCTION IN FIVE MARKETS BY VARIETY, ALL GRADES
COMBINED1.

Temple I Tangerines
New York IOther Marketsl All Markets I New York |Other Marketsl All Markets
Month Sold Net Net Net Net Net Net
Half- Re- Half- Re- Half-e- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re-
Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn

1930-31

November ................ 151 $1.12 145 $0.12 296 $0.63 22,650 $1.45 24,603 $1.25 47,253 $1.35
December ......................... 52 .53 52 .53 43,347 1.17 28,009 1.05 71,356 1.12
January ............................. 177 1.21 176 .72 353 .97 46,333 .92 20,397 .81 66,730 .89
February ............................ 3,651 2.59 2,680 1.83 6,331 2.27 34,803 1.08 20,971 .79 55,774 .97
March .................. 2,109 2.66 648 2.36 2,757 2.59 15,061 .94 1,156 .94 16,217 .94
April ................................ 10 2.95 6 1.44 16 2.38
May .............................. 10 .12 10 .12 207 .21 207 .21
Total or average .......... 6,108 $2.53 | 3,7071$1.78 | 9,815 $2.25 1162,401 [$1.10 | 95,1361$0.99 | 257,537 |$1.06

1931.32

November .......................... 23,923 $1.50 7,565 $1.19 31,488 $1.43
December ........................ 116 $1.04 116 $1.04 61,720 1.01 20,011 1.05 81,731 1.02
January .............................. 754 1.40 754 1.40 65,644 .79 19,329 .73 84,973 .78
February ............................ 3,659 1.31 3,578 $1.49 7,237 1.40 47,878 1.12 6,873 .94 54,751 1.10
March .......................... 3,705 1.72 517 1.61 4,222 1.71 7,623 1.39 226 .88 7,849 1.38
April .......................... 2,955 2.02 2,955 2.02 679 1.30 679 1.30
May .................................. 95 .56 95 .56 159 .63 _____ ___159 .68
Total or average .......... 11,284 $1.63 I 4,095 $1.51 15,879 $1.59 1207,626 |$1.04 54,0041$0.94 | 261,630 $1.02

1932-33


September-October .........
November .....................
December ..........................
January ........................
February ......................
March ..............................
April .............................
Total or average ..........I


7 $1.28 7 $1.28
16,414 1.29 8,199 $0.72 19,618 1.20
108 $0.98 108 $0.98 81,788 .80 18,375 .74 45,118 .78
1,807 1.89 182 $1.02 1,989 1.86 25,529 .78 20,776 .58 46,805 .69
2,944 .98 1,590 .99 4,684 .98 15,258 .64 12,246 .68 27,508 .58
8,448 1.41 8,808 .76 7,251 1.07 17,827 .71 14,478 .52 82,805 .62
4,767 .98 2,010 .78 6,767 .87 4,169 .59 __ 4,169 .59
18,059 $1.18 1 7.585 180.811 20.644 181.011110.942 180.811 64.078 120.62 175.015 610.74


'Includes a small amount of Grade 8 fruit.







Florida Citrus Prices, I


NET RETURNS TO THE SHIPPER ON GRADE 1 ORANGES AND
GRADE 1 GRAPEFRUIT IN PERCENT OF THE
NET RETURNS ON GRADE 2
An index of the net returns to the shipper on grade 1 oranges
and grapefruit using grade 2 oranges and grapefruit as a base,
or 100 percent, is shown in Table 26. This differs from Table
12 in that all costs of marketing have been deducted before
the percentages were computed.
TABLE 26.-NET RETURNS TO THE SHIPPER ON GRADE 1 ORANGES AND
GRAPEFRUIT IN PERCENT OF THE NET RETURNS ON GRADE 2.

Oranges Grapefruit
Season New Other New Other
York Markets York Markets
1930-31 118 119 165 140
1931-32 120 105 135 131
1932-33 140 128 171 170

Grade 1 oranges returned to the shipper from 5 to 40 per-
cent more than grade 2 fruit over the three-season period, and
grade 1 grapefruit returned from 31 to 71 percent more than
grade 2 fruit. The highest premiums for both were usually
in New York each of the seasons. There was a larger per-
centage difference in net return on grade 1 oranges and grape-
fruit over grade 2 in 1932-33 than in the preceding two seasons,
with grade 1 grapefruit bringing a relatively higher premium
over grade 2 than did oranges.
NET RETURNS TO THE GROWER FROM AUCTION SALES
Before the citrus grower gets any returns from fruit sold
at auction there must be deducted from the average net re-
turns in the foregoing tables an additional amount sufficient
to cover the selling or marketing service charge made by the
organization handling the fruit, and the cost of picking, hauling,
and packing. The average cost per box for marketing service
for the 31 packinghouses was 17.2 cents in 1930-31, 14.8 cents
in 1931-32, and 14.7 cents in 1932-33.
The average packinghouse cost and the cost of picking and
hauling are discussed in Bulletin 266 of the Florida Agricultural
Experiment Station.2 These costs for 125 packinghouses in
2HAMILTON, H. G., and MARVIN A. BROKER. A Study of the Cost of
Handling Citrus Fruit from the Tree to the Car in Florida.







Florida Citrus Prices, I


NET RETURNS TO THE SHIPPER ON GRADE 1 ORANGES AND
GRADE 1 GRAPEFRUIT IN PERCENT OF THE
NET RETURNS ON GRADE 2
An index of the net returns to the shipper on grade 1 oranges
and grapefruit using grade 2 oranges and grapefruit as a base,
or 100 percent, is shown in Table 26. This differs from Table
12 in that all costs of marketing have been deducted before
the percentages were computed.
TABLE 26.-NET RETURNS TO THE SHIPPER ON GRADE 1 ORANGES AND
GRAPEFRUIT IN PERCENT OF THE NET RETURNS ON GRADE 2.

Oranges Grapefruit
Season New Other New Other
York Markets York Markets
1930-31 118 119 165 140
1931-32 120 105 135 131
1932-33 140 128 171 170

Grade 1 oranges returned to the shipper from 5 to 40 per-
cent more than grade 2 fruit over the three-season period, and
grade 1 grapefruit returned from 31 to 71 percent more than
grade 2 fruit. The highest premiums for both were usually
in New York each of the seasons. There was a larger per-
centage difference in net return on grade 1 oranges and grape-
fruit over grade 2 in 1932-33 than in the preceding two seasons,
with grade 1 grapefruit bringing a relatively higher premium
over grade 2 than did oranges.
NET RETURNS TO THE GROWER FROM AUCTION SALES
Before the citrus grower gets any returns from fruit sold
at auction there must be deducted from the average net re-
turns in the foregoing tables an additional amount sufficient
to cover the selling or marketing service charge made by the
organization handling the fruit, and the cost of picking, hauling,
and packing. The average cost per box for marketing service
for the 31 packinghouses was 17.2 cents in 1930-31, 14.8 cents
in 1931-32, and 14.7 cents in 1932-33.
The average packinghouse cost and the cost of picking and
hauling are discussed in Bulletin 266 of the Florida Agricultural
Experiment Station.2 These costs for 125 packinghouses in
2HAMILTON, H. G., and MARVIN A. BROKER. A Study of the Cost of
Handling Citrus Fruit from the Tree to the Car in Florida.







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


1931-32 averaged 62.5 cents per box for packing, 7.2 cents for
picking, and 6.2 cents for hauling. Thus the total cost per box
of picking, hauling and packing fruit in 1931-32 was 75.9 cents.
If this average be assumed for 1930-31 and 1932-33 and the
actual cost per box for marketing service be added, the total
amount which must be deducted from net returns to the shipper
to obtain the net amount which the grower received is as shown
in Table 27. Although the costs- of picking, hauling and pack-
ing oranges and grapefruit were not obtained separately, these
costs should be somewhat higher for oranges and lower for
grapefruit than the average figure shown in Table 27.

TABLE 27.-TOTAL COST OF PICKING, HAULING, PACKING, AND OF
MARKETING SERVICE FOR FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT.

S__ Cost per Box
Season Picking, Hauling, I Marketing I
1 and Packing I Service I Total
1930-31 $0.759* $0.172 $0.931
1931-32 .759 .148 .907
1932-33 .759* .147 .906

.* Assumed to be the same as in 1931-32.
The net return to the grower from auction sales of oranges
and grapefruit in the five markets by the 31 packinghouses is
shown for the three seasons in Table 28. This includes packed
fruit only, most of which was grade 2 or above. From the
grower's standpoint the 1932-33 season was the worst of the
three shown.
TABLE 28.-NET RETURNS TO THE GROWER ON ORANGES AND GRAPEFRUIT
SOLD AT AUCTION FROM 31 PACKINGHOUSES TO FIVE MARKETS, BY MONTHS.

1930-31 1931-32 1932-33
Month Sold I Grape- I Grape- I Grape-
_Oranges fruit Oranges fruit IOranges fruit
September-October ...... $2.46 $1.48 $0.52 $0.97 $0.89 $1.55
November ................. 1.29 1.10 1.22 .75 1.29 1.18
December ...................... 1.04 .85 1.24 .43 .96 .51
January ...................... 1.01 .77 1.17 .31 .97 .48
February ...................... 1.21 .67 1.46 .24 .67 .50
March ............................ 1.78 .74 1.94 .62 .63 .31
April ................................ 1.80 .89 2.00 1.10 .49 .38
May .................................. 1.74 .48 1.70 1.64 .39 .05
June ............................. 1.80 .16 1.63 1.74 .63 .11
July-August ................. 1.76 .77 1.98 1.03 .29
Season average ........ $1.50 $0.73 $1.59 1 $0.71 $0.67 ( $0.50






Florida Citrus Prices,.


PERCENT OF THE AUCTION PRICE REPRESENTED
BY NET RETURNS TO THE SHIPPER
The percent of the auction sales price which the shipper re-
ceived for oranges and grapefruit sold at auction is shown in
Table 29. The remainder of the selling price went to cover
the cost of transportation, preservation, and the auction charge.
Had the total of these costs fallen in proportion to the reduction
in the price of the fruit on the auction, the shipper would have
received as large a percentage of the auction price in 1932-33
as in 1930-31. This was true for grapefruit, but not for oranges.
The percentage return to the shipper for fruit sent to New
York was higher than from "Other Markets" for both oranges
arid grapefruit and was higher on grade 1 than on grade 2
fruit.
TABLE 29.-PERCENT OF THE AUCTION PRICE WHICH NET RETURNS TO THE
SHIPPER REPRESENTED.

Oranges I Grapefruit
Season Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 1 Grade 2
Other Other Other I Other
New Mar- New. Mar- New Mar- New Mar-
York kets York kets York kets York kets
1930-31 70 67 66 63 63 59 51 51
1931-32 73 67 69 66 65 58 58 52
1932-33 67 59 61 53 65 63 53 51

Grapefruit returned a lower percentage of the auction price
than did oranges. The average price for grapefruit was lower
and the cost of marketing, other than the auction charge, was
a fixed amount, regardless of the sales value.
TABLE 30.-PERCENT OF THE AUCTION PRICE WHICH NET RETURNS TO THE
GROWER REPRESENTED.

Oranges _Grapefruit
Season Grade 1 I Grade 2 Grade 1 Grade 2
Other Other | Other Other
New Mar- New Mar- New Mar- New Mar-
___ York kets York kets York kets York kets
1930-31 45 41 38 33 34 27 11 12
1931-32 48 41 41 39 33 26 19 14
1932-33 34 26 19 16 31 35 5 12
-------- !----- ------ -----1--------,------- ------ ----






Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


The grower's share of the auction price of his fruit is shown
in Table 30. From the grower's standpoint nearly all costs
from the tree to the market are fixed, and his return is the
sales price less these costs.

F.O.B. DIRECT AND BROKER SALES OF FLORIDA
CITRUS FRUIT
The volume of citrus fruit sold f.o.b. direct and by brokers
in the eight markets was very low compared with the auction
sales of the same 31 packinghouses (Table 31). The importance
of f.o.b. direct and broker sales from the standpoint of volume
declined each season of the study so that in 1932-33 less than
100 carloads of all varieties were sold in this manner.
TABLE 31.-F.O.B. DIRECT AND BROKER SALES OF FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT
FROM 31 PACKINGHOUSES TO EIGHT MARKETS.
1930-31 1931-32 1932-33 All Seasons

T o
Kind of W u b o m i
Fruit OS 0 44 0 o-.

I0 i0 r .0 l r0 r0


Orranges .... 63,593 7.8 26,010 4.6 13,965 2.1 103,568 5.1
Grapefruit .. 49,958 7.0 28,120 5.5 14,189 3.1 92,267 5.5
Mandarinsi 6,163.5 4.3 8,217 5.5 1,725 1.7 16,105.5 4.1
Total or I
average 119,714.51 7.2 62,3471 5.1 1 29,8791 2.5 211,940.51 5.1
1Converted to full boxes.

Season average prices received from f.o.b. direct and broker
sales are shown in Tables 32, 33, and 34. These prices are net
to shipper, as all brokerage, or selling costs, and any other
charges not borne by the buyer have been deducted. These
charges varied rather widely because of different terms of the
sales which are included in this group.
Although the fruit which sold f.o.b. was sorted according to
grade and variety for the purpose of price comparison, fre-
quently sales of this type were made in which several grades,
varieties, and sizes were loaded in one car. The buyer, instead











TABLE 32.-FLORIDA ORANGES-SEASON AVERAGE NET RETURNS PER BOX TO THE SHIPPER, ALL SIZES, IN EIGHT MARKETS, BY
VARIETY AND GRADE-F.O.B. DIRECT AND BROKER SALES.


1930-31


NewYork |Other Markets[ All Markets NewYork
Variety and Grade Net Net Net Net
Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re-
turn turn turn turn

Parson Brown:
Grade 1 ............... 1,3 $3.24 1,333 $3.24
Grade 2 ....................912 2.85 912 2.85
All grades ................ | | 2,245 |$3.08 | 2,245 [$3.08 |

Pineapple:
Grade 1 ..... 1,604 $1.58 1,90 $1.89 ,507 $1.75 1,772 $2.11
Grade 2 ................ 371 1.53 372 1.61 743 1.57
Grade 3 ..........
All grades .-............. 1,975 $1.57 2,275 |$1.85 4,250 [$1.72 I 1,772 [$2.11

Valencia:
Grade 1 ............ 18,167 $2.66 11,499 $2.64 29,666 $265 6,679 $285
Grade 2 ........................ 10,625 2.41 5,176 2.31 15,801 2.38 64 2.60
Grade 3 .. ............... ,6 4 6 i 64
All grades ................I 28,792 1$2.57 1 16,675 |$2.54 | 45,467 [$2.56 1 6,743 [$2.85


Other varieties:
Supergrade ...............
Grade 1 ........ 2,455 $1.99
Grade 2 ................. 1,722 1.58
Grade 3 .............
All grades ................ 4,177 $1.82

All varieties:
Supergrade _......
Grade 1 ............... 22,2262.51
Grale 2 .............. 12,718 2.28
Grade 3 ........................
All grades ................ 34,944 1$2.42 1


5,246 [$2.23
1,848 1.81 I
360 2.06 1
7,454 ]$2.12 1



19,981 $2.50
8,308 2.23
360 2.06
28,649 ]$2.42 1


7,701 $2.15
3,570 1.70
360 2.06
11,631 |$2.01



42,207 $2.50
21,026 2.26
360 2.06
63,593 1$2.42


2,779 $2.25


2,779 1$2.25



11,230 $2.59
64 2.60


I 11,294 $2.59


] 1931-32


IOther Marketsl All Markets
Box Net Net
Boxes Re- Boxes Re-
turn turn


360

360


1,324
2,219


3,543


2,123
2,432
304
4,859


2,824 $2.22
2,957 1.83
173 1.20


5,954



6,631
7,608
477


82.00 5.755 32.03


14,716 $2.29


360 $2.11

360 $2.11


3,096 $1.99
2,219 1.94


5,315 [$1.97


8,802 $2.89
2,496 2.99
304 2.17
11,602 1$2.89



5,603 $2.24
2,957 1.83
173 1.20


17,861 $2.51
7,672 2.24
477 1.82
26,010 [$2.42


'


1930-31 i 1931-32


New York |Other Markets All Markets
[Net Net Net
Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re-
turn turn turn


360 $2.00 360 $2.00

I 360 [$2.00 [ 360 |$2.00 C


901 $2.51 675 $2.00 1,576 $2.29
1,011 1.65 1,011 1.68 2,022 1.66
314 1.36 314 1.36
1,912 $2.06 2,000 $1.74 [ 3,912 $1.89 C.
-t
2,029 $1.34 2,029 $1.34
1,230 1.17 1,230 1.17
2,616 1.30 2,616 1.30 -
S 5,875 [$1.29 1 5,875 $1.29


79 $0.47 79 $0.47
615 1. 615 138
760 $1.43 2,364 1.22 3,124 1.27

760 |$1.43 | 3,058 1$1.23 1 3,818 ]$1.27


79 $0.47 79 $0.47
901 $2.51 3,679 1.53 4,580 1.73
1,771 1.56 4,605 1.31 6,376 1.38
2,930 1.31 2,930 1.31
2,672 $1.88 [ 11,293 $1.38 13,965 |$1.47


. .


'


,


~----~----1;-~


,


,


1932-33


$2.00


7,8 33 $2.08


14,716 $2.29









TABLE 33.-FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT-SEASON AVERAGE NET RETURNS PER BOX TO THE SHIPPER, ALL SIZES, IN EIGHT MARKETS,
BY VARIETY AND GRADE-F.O.B. DIRECT AND BROKER SALES.


1930-31 I 1931-32 I 1932-33
New York |Other Marketsl All Markets I NewYork |Other Markets All Markets I New York (Other Markets All Markets
Variety and Grade Net Net Net Net Net Net Net Net Net
Boxes Re- Boxes -Re- Boxes e- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes Re- Boxes e- Boxes e-
SI turn B turn turn turn turn turn turn turn turn
Marsh Seedless:
Supergrade .............. 8 $1.2 8 $1.20
Grade 1 ............ 360 $1.77 12,147 $209 12,507 $2.08 777 $2.53 6,138 1.86 6,915 1.94 2,215 $1.39 2,215 $1.39
Grade 2 .............. 4,309 1.68 4,309 1.68 4,264 1.74 4,264 1.74 4,161 1.03 4,161 1.03
Grade 3 ......................2,568 1.48 2,568 1.48 1,132 1.59 1,132 1.59 766 .95 766 .95
All grades ................ 360 $1.77 19,024 $1.92 19,384 I$1.911 777 $2.53 11,542 $1.79 12,319 $1.84 | 7,142 $1.13 7,142 $1.13
Other varieties:
Supergrade .................... 131 $3.1 131 $3.15
Grade 1 ....4,041 1.54 13,052 $1.61 17,093 1.60 1,460 $2.03 4,654 $1.69 6,114 $1.77 360 $1.97 2,071 $2.25 2,431 $2.21
Grade 2 .............. 1,133 1.43 11,857 1.23 12,990 1.25 110 77 8,658 1.50 8,768 1.49 360 1.72 4,000 1.33 4,360 1.36
Grade 3 ........................860 1.08 360 1.08 919 1.57 919 1.57 256 2.00 256 2.00
All grades ................I 5,305 |$1.55 | 25,269 $1.43 1 30,574 |$1.45 I 1,570 |$1.94 | 14,231 $1.56 15,801 $1.60 1 720 1$1.85 | 6,327 1$1.66 7,047 $1.68
All varieties:
Supergrade 1 .............5 1 $3. 1 5 8 $1.20 8 $1.20
Grade 1 ........................ 4,401 1.56 25,199 $1.84 29,600 1.80 2,237 $2.20 10,792 1.79 13,029 1.86 360 $1.97 4,286 $1.80 4,646 1.82
Grade 2 .............. 1,133 1.43 16,166 1.35 17,299 1.36 110 .77 12,922 1.58 13,032 1.57 360 1.72 8,161 1.18 8,521 1.20
Grade ... 2,928 1.43 2,928 1.43 2,051 1.58 2,051 1.58 1,022 1.21 1,022 1.21
All grades ................ 5,665 |$1.57 44,293 [$1.64 | 49,958 [$1.63 [ 2,347 |$2.13 I 25,773 |$1.44 | 28,120 $1.50 I 720 1$1.85 | 13,469 1$1.38 14,189 $1.40



TABLE 34.-FLORIDA TANGERINES--SEASON AVERAGE NET RETURNS PER HALF-BOX TO THE SHIPPER, ALL SIZES, IN EIGHT
MARKETS, BY GRADE-F.O.B. DIRECT AND BROKER SALES.


1980-81 I 1931-82 1 1932-83
New York Other Marketsl All Markets I New York ]Other Marketsl All Markets i New-York -OtherMarketsl All Markets
Grade Net Net Net Net Net Net Net Net Net
Hal- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- Re- Half- e- Half Re- Hal- Re- Half Re-
Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn Boxes turn
Supergrade ...................7 1.90 7 1.90 80 $1.40 80 $140
Grade 1 ...1,6192.81 1,619 $2.81 4,87 .98 4587 .98 2,488 9 2,488 .95
Grade 2 10.170 .82 10,170 .82 11,840 .64 11,840 .64 987 .:4 987 .64
Grade 8 .......................... 88 1.61 588 1.61
All grades .................... 12,827 |$1.05 I 12,827 $1'.05 I I16,484 $0.74 16,4844 $0.74 I I -i 84~50 I.84 8,45$0.84


0








C'..







C'..







TABLE 35.-FLORIDA ORANGES-SEASON AVERAGE PRICES PER BOX IN EIGHT MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND SIZE-F.O.B.
DIRECT AND BROKER SALES.
Parson Brown I Pineapple I Valencia
1930-31 | 1931-32 | 1932-33 I 1930-31 I 1931-32 | 1982-33 I 1930-31 | 1931-32 1932-33
ize Percentereerentnt Per PrPercent Percentercet Peerc Percent nt I PercentI Percent[
of Total Pricel of Totall Price f Pricel] Prieel Pi of Total Priceo o Prie of Toal Price of Total Pricel of Toal Pcerice

100 .1 $4.00 .3 $1.64 .2 $3.00 .2 $1.88 .5 $2.58 1.7 $2.1 .4 $1.63
126 1.4 3.84 1.5 1.78 1.3 2.67 3.0 2.34 19.2 2.59 10.1 2.66 11.6 1.89
150 3.3 4.07 3.1 $2.36 6.0 2.00 4.7 2.66 5.9 2.28 31.3 2.65 20.8 2.98 11.0 2.02
176 12.7 3.81 30.3 2.35 12.9 2.14 9.9 2.56 15.6 2.21 27.9 2.69 25.0 3.09 15.8 2.10
200 10.0 3.58 29.4 2.35 22.4 2.02 13.5 2.39 17.2 2.19 11.1 2.73 12.1 3.16 14.0 2.09
216 26.7 3.44 37.2 2.35 35.0 $2.2 33.7 2.03 21.1 2.33 25.5 2.09 7.9 2.75 12.7 3.14 17.3 2.10
250 22.6 3.02 65.0 2.25 16.6 2.11 19.3 2.15 13.9 1.95 1.3 2.90 10.4 3.16 15.7 2.06
288 16.7 3.14 5.6 2.11 19.6 2.04 10.8 1.94 .5 2.91 5.7 3.07 10.6 2.00
324 6.3 2.84 1.0 2.49 10.4 2.01 7.9 2.05 .1 2.81 1.5 2.71 4.0 1.95 0
Other .2 3.00 3.00 .2 2.72 .1 1.60
All sizes ........... ..... I 100.0 1$3.34 1f00.0 1$2.351 100.0 |$2.25 100.0 1$2.06 100.0 1$2.25 100.0 |$2.111 100.0 1$2.671 100.0 1$3.03 100.0 1$2.04
Number of boxes sold 2,245 360 360 4,250 5,315 3,912 45,467 11,602 56875



Other Varieties I All Varieties
1930-31 | 1931-32 | 1932-33 | 1930-31 I 1931-32 | 1932-33.
Size Percent I Percenti [Percent | Percent | Percent | Percent O
Sof TotalPriceofTotalPricofTotal PriceofTotalPriofTotalPricel of Total] Price Co
100 .1 $1.90 .1 $2.33 .1 $2.00 .4 $2.52 .9 $2.35 .8 $1.71
126 2.9 2.58 1.7 2.39 1.8 1.73 14.4 2.59 5.3 2.63 6.2 1.94
150 6.2 2.48 4.7 2.42 4.2 1.89 24.0 2.64 11.8 2.88 7.4 2.06
176 14.9 2.22 11.8 2.53 8.7 1.85 23.9 2.64 17.6 2.88 13.2 2.09
200 16.5 2.18 12.0 2.59 11.0 1.84 12.8 2.54 12.6 2.79 13.7 2.07
216 21.4 2.14 16.7 2.52 26.7 1.75 12.8 2.48 16.1 2.68 22.6 1.99
250 20.7 2.26 17.4 2.20 20.9 1.81 6.7 2.42 14.4 2.49 17.9 1.97
288 11.6 2.40 18.5 1.92 18.6 1.51 3.4 2.54 12.8 2.18 12.6 1.79
324 2.7 2.23 9.8 1.80 8.0 1.06 .9 2.46 6.1 1.97 6.1 1.66
Other 3.0 2.35 7.3 2.70 .7 2.44 2.4 2.70 1.60
All sizes .............- 100.0 [$2.26 100.0 |$2.30 |100.0 $01.69 0 100.0 2.58100.0 $2.61 100.0 $1.97
Number of boxes sold .... 11,631 8,733 3,818 63,593 26,010 13,966

*Less than one-tenth of 1 percent.






















TABLE 36.-FLORIDA" GRAPEFRUIT-SEASON AVERAGE PRICES PER BOX IN EIGHT MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND SIZE-F.O.B.
DIRECT AND BROKER SALES.


Size


ar a eIte r es 1 Ail varieties
1930-31 1931-32 1 1932-33 | 1930-31 i 1931-32 | 1932-33 1 1930-31 1 1931-32 1 1932-33
Percent PeeIrcent Percentl Perceent IPercent iPercent | Percent| j Percent I Percent
of Total Price of Totalf Price of TotalP Pa f Ttln P1n.t f T-..i n,.t. \. 'T-+i If...* .. ii


ce o o a | rc o o a r ce or o -al|Price
36 .1 $2.10 .6 $2.08 .2 $1.91 1.5 $1.59 2.0 $1.72 .8 $2.47 .9 $1.60 1.4 $1.79 .5 $2.38
46 3.3 1.84 3.1 2.09 .9 1.72 14.7 1.59 6.3 1.68 3.3 2.10 10.3 1.62 4.9 1.79 2.1 2.02
54 13.1 2.06 11.8 2.15 7.3 1.83 31.6 1.55 18.7 1.81 16.0 1.94 24.4 1.66 15.7 1.92 11.7 1.90
64 20.5 2.11 15.4 2.08 7.0 1.86 21.7 1.66 19.3 1.94 17.6 1.91 21.2 1.83 17.6 1.99 12.2 1.89
70 22.3 2.11 22.3 2.12 10.5 1.82 16.0 1.74 20.1 2.01 18.1 1.89 18.4 1.91 21.0 2.06 14.3 1.86
80 26.3 2.11 17.6 2.19 28.3 1.73 11.1 1.84 24.9 1.80 26.4 1.91 17.0 2.01 21.7 1.93 27.3 1.82
96 12.3 2.04 24.1 1.89 35.9 1.80 2.9 1.71 7.3 1.78 14.5 2.06 6.6 1.95 14.6 1.86 25.2 1.87
100 .1 2.04 .1 1.53 1.1 1.63 1 2.04 1 1.53 1.6
126 2.0 1.94 5.0 1.80 8.8 1.90 .2 1.64 1.4 1.71 1.5 2.14 .9 1.90 3.0 1.78 5.2 1.93
Other 1.00 1.29 1.8 1.22 .2 1.00 1.29 .9 1.22
All sizes ........................I 100.0 |$2.08 100.0 1$2.05 100.0 $1.79 100.0 $1.64[ 100.0 $1.86100.0 1. 1.82 100.0 1$1.94 100.0 $ 1.86
I 1 1 ___...._


Number of boxes sold ....


19,384


12,319


*Less than one-tenth of 1 percent.


30,574


15,801


7,047 49,958 28,120 14,189


I ~~ ...


--


marsn oceate s


Uthe V iti


&







Florida Citrus Prices, I


of offering a separate price for each classification, simply rounded
off or averaged his offer per box for the agreed proportion of
each grade, variety and size. This should be kept in mind in
making comparisons, since it tends to lessen any differences
which would otherwise appear for different grades and sizes
had the buyer always bid on each separately as in auction sales.
Because of the scattered nature of shipments of f.o.b. direct
and broker sales, the monthly price series is incomplete. Also
it is difficult to draw conclusions from this type of sale, on
account of the weaknesses mentioned above. However, the net
amount per box which the shipper received from fruit sold
f.o.b. showed the same general price trend each season as the
net return on auction sales for both oranges and grapefruit.
Usually there was no great difference in the net amount per
box received for oranges sold in New York and in the "Other
Markets". Grapefruit returns varied rather widely between
markets, being at times higher in New York and at other times
higher in "Other Markets.". This difference in price, apparently
between markets, is probably due primarily to differences in
date of sale.
TABLE 37.-FLORIDA TANGERINES-SEASON AVERAGE PRICES PER HALF-BOX
IN EIGHT MARKETS, BY VARIETY AND SIZE-F.O.B. DIRECT AND BROKER
SALES.
1930-31 1931-32 1932-33
Size Percent Percent Percent
_of Total Price of Total Price ofo rce of Total Price
90 $1.00
106 .2 1.00 .6 $0.82
120 6.9 1.21 6.9 .91 .9 $2.47
144 18.7 1.39 13.2 .96 3.9 1.90
168 24.5 1.43 17.9 .86 13.7 1.53
196 16.0 1.17 18.7 .82 11.8 1.24
216 10.1 1.03 16.6 .79 13.3 .95
224 5.5 1.10 2.1 .72
250 17.1 1.08 12.1 .78 26.7 .87
Other 1.0 .79 11.9 .98 29.7 .70
All sizes ........1 100.0 1$1.24 100.0 $0.86 I 100.0 $1.02
Number of half- |
boxes sold ...... 12,327 16,434 3,450
*Less than one-tenth of 1 percent.

SIZE DISTRIBUTION BY VARIETY, AND SEASON AVERAGE PRICE
FOR EACH SIZE
The size distribution and weighted average price for each
size of Florida oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines sold f.o.b.
are shown in Tables 35, 36, and 37. The prices shown are






Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


the gross sales price before deducting selling charges. The
percent of the total which each size represents is in general
similar to that for auction sales.
The average difference in the price received for the most
desirable and least desirable sizes was somewhat smaller for
all oranges and all grapefruit sold f.o.b. direct or by broker,
than for auction sales.

SUMMARY
This study is based upon citrus shipments from 31 Florida
packinghouses to New York, Chicago, Detroit, Cincinnati, and
Pittsburgh for auction sales; and to three additional markets
for f.o.b. direct and broker sales, viz., Minneapolis, Kansas City,
and New Orleans. Shipments extend through the three-season
period 1930-31 to 1932-33, and include sales of about 11,000
carloads of packed fruit which moved by rail and by boat.
Auction sales greatly predominated, making up almost 95
percent of the total auction and f.o.b. sales for the three seasons
(Table 30). Approximately one-half the auction sales were
oranges, 40 percent grapefruit, and 10 percent Mandarins-
mainly Temple and tangerines (Table 1).
The price per box for oranges usually was somewhat higher
on the New York auction than the average of the other auctions
when the same grades and varieties were compared. Excep-
tions to this are noted during the 1932-33 season when the
other markets were as high as New York (Table 2).
The three-season weighted average price of oranges, by vari-
eties, in the five markets was highest for Parson Brown which
brought $3.56 per box compared with an average of $3.37 per
box for Valencia, $3.26 per box for Pineapple, and $2.95 per
box for other varieties. The rank in order of the auction price
is not the same each season, being dependent upon the price
trend of that season (see also Table 3 and Figs. 4, 5, 6, and 7).
The price of supergrade oranges on the five auctions was con-
sistently above the price of grade 1, averaging for the three
seasons 54 cents per box higher and the price of grade 1 oranges
exceeded the price of grade 2 oranges by an average of 42
cents per box (Table 4). The premium on grade 1 oranges
ranged from 11 percent to 27 percent above the price of grade
2 (Table 12).
In 1930-31 and 1931-32 the auction prices of grapefruit were
usually higher in New York than in the "Other Markets", espe-







Florida Citrus Prices, I


cially for high grade fruit. In 1932-33 auction prices in "Other
Markets" were usually higher (Table 5).
With few exceptions Marsh Seedless grapefruit brought higher
prices than "Other Varieties" (Tables 5 and 6 and Figs. 13,
14, and 15). The three-season weighted average price of Marsh
Seedless on the five auctions was $2.80 per box compared with
$2.60 per box for "Other Varieties". However, this is less
reliable as a measure of market preferences than monthly com-
parisons within the same grade and market, because of the dif-
ferences in the seasonal distribution of Marsh Seedless and
"Other Varieties" (See Tables 5 and 6).
The premium paid for supergrade grapefruit on the five auc-
tions over grade 1 averaged 40 cents per box for the three
seasons, with grade 1 bringing an average of 62 cents per box
more than grade 2 (Table 7). The percentage premium of grade
1 fruit ranged from 17 percent to 39 percent above grade 2 for
all varieties of grapefruit (Table 12).
New York received a higher proportion of high grade fruit
and a lower proportion of low grade fruit than the "Other
Markets". For the three seasons, New York received 70.4 per-
cent of the oranges sold on the five auctions, compared with
95.1 percent of the supergrade, and 79 percent of the grade 1
oranges. For the same period 59.4 percent of the grapefruit
went to New York compared with 88.1 percent of the super-
grade and 67.9 percent of the grade 1 grapefruit (Tables 10
and 11).
The three-season average grade distribution for all vari-
eties of oranges was 5.6 percent supergrade, 56.9 percent
grade 1, 36.6 percent grade 2, and 0.9 percent grade 3. For
all varieties of grapefruit there was 3.4 percent supergrade,
54.4 percent grade 1, 40.9 percent grade 2, and 1.3 percent
grade 3 (Table 13).
The difference in the three-season weighted average price
paid on the five auctions between the most desirable and the
least desirable size was 92 cents per box for oranges, 80 cents
per box for grapefruit, and 34 cents per half-box for tangerines.
Sizes averaging the highest price for the three seasons were
oranges, 176; grapefruit, 46; tangerines, 90 (Tables 14, 15, and
16; Figs. 20, 24, and 28). Variations in the size bringing the
highest price for each variety, by seasons are shown in Figs.
21, 22, 23, 25, 26, and 27.
The total cost per box for freight, refrigeration and pre-
cooling, auction selling, and other miscellaneous charges while







Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


enroute to market declined from an average of $1.14 in 1930-31
to $1.04 in 1931-32, and 97 cents in 1932-33. Most of the re-
duction in costs applied only to the New York market, and was
obtained by the increased use of water transportation upon
which rates were considerably lower than for rail. Total costs
of marketing in the other markets remained almost constant
throughout the three-year period (Table 17 and Fig. 29).
After deducting all costs of getting the fruit from the pack-
inghouse to the market, including auction selling, the shipping
agency received from auction sales in the five markets an aver-
age of $2.43 per box for oranges in 1930-31, $2.50 per box in
1931-32, and $1.58 per box in 1932-33 (Table 19). Grapefruit
returned an average of $1.66 per box in 1930-31, $1.62 in 1931-
32, and $1.41 in 1932-33 (Table 22). Variations between vari-
eties, grades, and markets are shown in Tables 18, 20, 21, 23,
24, and 25.
From the grower's standpoint the 1932-33 season was the
worst of the three studied. Net returns on all varieties of
oranges to the grower averaged $1.50 per box in 1930-31, $1.59
in 1931-32, and 67 cents in 1932-33. Grapefruit returned an
average of 73 cents per box in 1930-31, 71 cents per box in
1931-32, and 50 cents per box in 1932-33 (Table 28). Only
packed fruit which sold at auction, mostly of grade 2 and bet-
ter, is included in this calculation.
F.o.b. direct and broker sales comprised only 5.1 percent of
the total auction and f.o.b. sales from the 31 packinghouses to,
the eight markets during the three seasons (Table 30).

APPENDIX
Copies of the punch cards used in this study are shown in Figs. 1
and 2. The card shown in Fig. 1 was designed to carry the price infor-
mation, with a separate card for each kind, variety, grade and color of
fruit within a given car or boat shipment.
The cards were electrically sorted and tabulated on Hollerith machines
by the punched holes which represented figures. In the first 21 columns
these figures were punched in code. For example, in column 19 (variety),
1 represented Parson Brown, 2 represented Pineapple, and 3 represented
Valencia oranges, thus making it possible to separate varieties by sorting
according to the punched holes in column 19.
In columns 22 to 80 the number of boxes and the value to the nearest
even dollar of each size of fruit were punched.
All charges against the fruit from the packinghouse-including ice and
pre-cooling, if used-to the market, including selling, were punched in cards
of the type shown in Fig. 2. Only one card was required for each carload
shipped, with the coded data being punched in the first 17 columns.
















00001



222 2

3333:

4444

5555!

6666

7771

8888

9999
1 2 3 4


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

22 22 2 2 2 2 2

3333333333

444444444

5 5 5 5 55 5 5 55

868 866666

777777177 7

8888888888

5 6 7 58 9 30 I 1 14
.e.M. 525930


S SHIP- ATE
SERIAL PE SOLD
TIN


6 PRECLOOlIl
0I 11 1 2
K >RECOOLING6 ISCEL-
RGI LNIEOUS


M DE SHIPPED OTE LD iSTP SI SALE b S S F RElT EFI SiATIttIO SI
M| .o. 1 2 1 3 4 5 8 7 8 9 11
BOXES BOXES
I S D SD IRLIGHT REFRI- SELLING R IN DE- C STORAGE DIAYAGE TRT
EIATIOINIOI SIGNING RMI8 CHAi
000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 00 00 0 0 0o 0 0 0 ob0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 a 0 0 0 0 00 0 00

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 111 1 1 1 1 111 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1

222 2 212 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 22 2 2 2222 22 2 22 22 2 2 2 22 222 22 2 22 22 2 222 2 22 2 2

333333 3 3 333 3 33 333333333333333333333333333333333333333 3 3

444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 55 55 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 555

66 6 66 6 66 6 66 6 6 66 666666666666 6666666 6666666666 6 6

S7 7 177 7 7 7 7 77 717 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 77 77 7 77 77 7 7 7 7



15161 I8 2 2 232421527 62St3 5I 3 3T i5 S 9 8 38 40 41 48 4 U45 48 47 48 a4 50a51 1524 558 5 5 58 t S 82 63 8 4 65 8 57 S
CTRiUS SALES ANALYSIS-CHARGES U. OF F. NO. 2 LICENSEDtt FOR USE UNDER PATENT 1,772,492
Fig. 1.-Outline of punch card used in tabulating citrus price data.


999199


?4 751


0 0 00 Dr




3 3 31 1 3
2 2-22 2 2m

33333m

444449
m
5 5 5 5 5

68668
-I



8 8 8 8 8

9 9 219 9
27 81

1777879 0


8888881


-'1


I














S ORIAL NUMBER
I i I D
SERIAL I i SI
NUMBER I Ii
ID~~


A IJI 16 DTE SLIPPED I DATE SOLD iESiT AL KND vARLJ
ATE DTE r. I ORANGES
SOL- g SIZE 100 SIZE 126 SIZE 150 SIZE 176
DAYZ DAY | | 8 ga ISr VALUE BOXES VALUE BOXES VALUE BOXES VALUI
oo ooooooooo0oooooooooooooo o oo o0000

1 111 I ll 1 1 1 1 i 1 11111 11 111 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1111





4444444444444444444444444444444444A

55555555555555555555555555555555555

66666666666666666666666666666666661

7 7 7177771 771 777 7717777777777 7 7 71

888888888888888888888888888888888881

9 91919 9 919191[ 1 99 9 9 9 9 S 9 919 9 99 9 919 9 919 9 919 9 1
10 11 12 13 t14 ISl6 1 11 2 22 23 24 n 2 IZ 2 31 a 33 34 r 36 31 40 41 42 43 4
CITRUS SALES ANALYSIS-PRICES, U. OF F. NO. 1


I SIZE 200 1 SIZE 216 1 SIZE 250 I SIZE 288


SIZE 32L hTU-D


0o1o olo o o 0 o oT o o ooo o0oo o0 oo o o o ooo oo o o o10 o o o o 0
. . . . . . . .. --


i15 5 51555 5155 515 5 55 5 515 5 515 5515 5 515 5 55 5 515 5 5


O0000O

-11111

222222
z
w
23333

W4444
a.
x
w5555

966666
It- ----
J777777

88888

99999
t2340


Fig. 2.-Outline of punch card used in tabulating charges against citrus fruit from the packinghouse to the market.


8 8 8 8 8 88 8 888 8 8 888 88 8 |

1I 9 9 9 99 9 99 9 9U 9 9 99 9 99 9 99 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
1 1 32 534 SI 0 1 62 64 87 U 69 70 71 73 747 7 6 77 7l
LICENSED FOR USE UNDER PATENT 1,772.492 I.B M 525929


;ti~nt~;~t


C17Cr ?


nTuCo


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