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 Copyright
 Title Page
 Abstract
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 List of Figures
 Introduction
 Budgets
 Bibliography






Group Title: Economic information report - Food and Resource Economics Department - 124
Title: Budgeting selected vegetable crops for small farms, west central Florida, 1979
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027313/00001
 Material Information
Title: Budgeting selected vegetable crops for small farms, west central Florida, 1979
Series Title: Economic information report
Physical Description: ii, 34 p. : 1 map ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Prevatt, J. Walter ( James Walter ), 1953-
Pospichal, Marion Thomas, 1953-
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept. Agricultural Experiment Stations, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla.
Publication Date: 1979
 Subjects
Subject: Truck farming -- Economic aspects -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Farms, Small -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Bibliography: p. 34.
Statement of Responsibility: J. Walter Prevatt, M.T. Pospichal.
General Note: Cover title.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027313
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000412718
oclc - 06369867
notis - ACF9721

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Abstract
        Abstract
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    List of Tables
        Page i
    List of Figures
        Page ii
    Introduction
        Page 1
    Budgets
        Page 2
        Pre-harvest cash costs
            Page 2
        Harvest cast costs
            Page 3
        Machinery fixed costs
            Page 3
        Beak-even prices
            Page 3
        Average market value/unit
            Page 4
        Per acre labor requirements
            Page 4
            Page 5
            Page 6
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
            Page 13
            Page 14
            Page 15
            Page 16
            Page 17
            Page 18
            Page 19
            Page 20
            Page 21
            Page 22
            Page 23
            Page 24
            Page 25
            Page 26
            Page 27
            Page 28
            Page 29
            Page 30
            Page 31
            Page 32
            Page 33
    Bibliography
        Page 34
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida






J. Walter Prevatt
M. T. Pospichal


Economic Information
Report


Budgeting Selected Vegetable
Crops for Small Farms,
West Central Florida, 1979


Food and Resource Economics Department
Agricultural Experiment Stations and
Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville


December 1











ABSTRACT


Vegetable budgets were developed for small farms producing 11 dif-

ferent vegetable crops in West Central Florida during the 1978-79 season.

Each budget reports pre-harvest and harvest costs, machinery fixed costs,

break-even prices, 1977-78 average market value and per acre labor require-
ments for good yield level of production.


Key words; Vegetables, West Central Florida, pre-harvest, harvest and

machinery fixed costs, break-even prices, average market value and per
acre labor requirements.













TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

INTRODUCTION .. . . . . 1

BUDGETS . . . . 2
Pre-harvest Cash Costs .. . ".. . 2
Harvest Cash Costs . ... .. 3
Machinery Fixed Costs .. ... . 3
Break-even Prices 3. . . 3
Average Market Value/Unit. .... .. . 4
Per Acre Labor Requirements . .. . 4

BIBLIOGRAPHY . ...... . 34


LIST OF TABLES

Table Page

1 Estimated machinery investment and depreciation costs
for vegetable production on small vegetable farms, West
Central Florida, 1979. . . . . 6
2 Estimated fixed costs of machinery for small vegetable farms
in West Central Flordia, 1979..... . . 7

3 Estimated bell pepper production costs per acre for small
farms, West Central Florida, 1979. .. .. 8

4 Estimated bush bean production costs per acre for small farms,.
West Central Florida, 1979.. ....... . . 11

5 Estimated cabbage production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979.. .. . 13

6 Estimated cherry tomato production costs per acre for small
farms, West Central Florida, 1979. .. .. . 15

7 Estimated collard production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979 .. ...... . 18

8 Estimated cucumber production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979 . . ... . 20
i













TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

INTRODUCTION .. . . . . 1

BUDGETS . . . . 2
Pre-harvest Cash Costs .. . ".. . 2
Harvest Cash Costs . ... .. 3
Machinery Fixed Costs .. ... . 3
Break-even Prices 3. . . 3
Average Market Value/Unit. .... .. . 4
Per Acre Labor Requirements . .. . 4

BIBLIOGRAPHY . ...... . 34


LIST OF TABLES

Table Page

1 Estimated machinery investment and depreciation costs
for vegetable production on small vegetable farms, West
Central Florida, 1979. . . . . 6
2 Estimated fixed costs of machinery for small vegetable farms
in West Central Flordia, 1979..... . . 7

3 Estimated bell pepper production costs per acre for small
farms, West Central Florida, 1979. .. .. 8

4 Estimated bush bean production costs per acre for small farms,.
West Central Florida, 1979.. ....... . . 11

5 Estimated cabbage production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979.. .. . 13

6 Estimated cherry tomato production costs per acre for small
farms, West Central Florida, 1979. .. .. . 15

7 Estimated collard production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979 .. ...... . 18

8 Estimated cucumber production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979 . . ... . 20
i








Table Page
9 Estimated eggplant production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979 . . . . .. 22

10 Estimated okra production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979 . . . . .. 24

11 Estimated squash production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979 . . . .. 27

12 Estimated southern pea production costs per acre for small
farms, West Central Florida, 1979 . . ..... 29

13 Estimated strawberry production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979 . . . . 31

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure Pge
1 West Central Florida's Vegetable Producing Areas . 5









BUDGETING SELECTED VEGETABLE CROPS FOR
SMALL FARMS, WEST CENTRAL FLORIDA, 1979


J. W. Prevatt & M. T. Pospichal


INTRODUCTION


Vegetable farming is becoming increasingly popular in West Central Florida,

especially among small producers. Although these producers supply only a small

quantity of total production in the area, they contribute significantly to local

markets, roadside direct markets and you-pick sales.

They have a number of different reasons for operating a small farm. Some
of these are: (a) earn a living from agricultural production, (b) supplement

current income, (c) live in the country, (d) invest in real estate for security

and capital growth, (e) have a retirement or part-time hobby, (f) develop a
change in pace from other activities.

The small vegetable producers in this area generally operate between two
and ten acres of land and use primarily family and school-child labor. They

also possess the potential to produce a wide variety of vegetables during the

two production seasons per year.


J.W. PREVATT, Area Economist, Food and Resource Economics Depatment. Univer-
sity of Florida, Agricultural Research & Education Center, Bradenton,
M.T. POSPICHAL, County Extension Agent, Vegetables, Hillsborough County, Seffner,
Florida.

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of
providing specific information. It is not a guarantee of warranty of the
products named and does not signify that they are approved to the exclusion
of others of suitable composition.








Closely associated with production is the decision-making aspect of crop

selection. The development and use of budgets are essential for evaluating

resource use and costs among crops.


BUDGETS

A budget has long been a powerful and dynamic instrument that avails itself

to unlimited uses. The budget is simply a systematic listing of incomes and ex-

penses for a production period.

The budgets presented in this report provide detailed information on pre-

harvest cash costs, harvest cash costs, machinery fixed costs, break-even prices,

average market value/unit and per acre labor requirements. The vegetable crops

budgeted represent those crops that are most commonly produced: bell pepper,

bush bean, cabbage, cherry tomato, collard, cucumber, okra, squash, southern

pea and strawberry.
Pre-harvest Cash Costs

The pre-harvest cash costs include any production variable costs incurred

during the production process. Producers use these costs to estimate their

capital requirements during the production process. In addition to production

costs detailed information is provided with respect to production practices and

usual timing of the operation. Producers utilize this type of production in"

*on conjunction with the knowledge they have about their own specific resource

situation to improve their planning and production of future crops.
Harvest Cash Costs

The harvest cash costs include harvesting, packaging and hauling (transpor-

tation) the product to market. Often harvest cash costs are greater than pre-

harvest cash costs dub to highly intensified labor use.








Closely associated with production is the decision-making aspect of crop

selection. The development and use of budgets are essential for evaluating

resource use and costs among crops.


BUDGETS

A budget has long been a powerful and dynamic instrument that avails itself

to unlimited uses. The budget is simply a systematic listing of incomes and ex-

penses for a production period.

The budgets presented in this report provide detailed information on pre-

harvest cash costs, harvest cash costs, machinery fixed costs, break-even prices,

average market value/unit and per acre labor requirements. The vegetable crops

budgeted represent those crops that are most commonly produced: bell pepper,

bush bean, cabbage, cherry tomato, collard, cucumber, okra, squash, southern

pea and strawberry.
Pre-harvest Cash Costs

The pre-harvest cash costs include any production variable costs incurred

during the production process. Producers use these costs to estimate their

capital requirements during the production process. In addition to production

costs detailed information is provided with respect to production practices and

usual timing of the operation. Producers utilize this type of production in"

*on conjunction with the knowledge they have about their own specific resource

situation to improve their planning and production of future crops.
Harvest Cash Costs

The harvest cash costs include harvesting, packaging and hauling (transpor-

tation) the product to market. Often harvest cash costs are greater than pre-

harvest cash costs dub to highly intensified labor use.









Machinery Fixed Costs

rachinery costs are fixed costs because the producer incurs this cost

whether he produces or not. The machinery presented in Table 1 is generally
used on these small farms. Often this machinery is not purchased new by the
proC:;cers i.hich allow's the: to produce with lower fixed costs. In this report,
however, new machinery was used as an example in Table 2 to demonstrate how to

handle machinery fixed costs.


Break-even Prices

The break-even prices are simply the market prices that are necessary to
cover pre-harvest and harvest cath costs. Break-even prices are computed by
dividing pre-harvest and harvest cash costs by the yield level obtained. In this
report, three yield levels were used to illustrate what is considered'low, good
and high yields with respect to the Crop. In addition, producers wishing to in-
cude machineryy fixed costs per unit of production should divide annual- fixed
costs by the number of acres produced and the yield level obtained per acre.


S Average Market Value/Unit

The average market value per unit of the commodity for the previous year

was recorded in the budget to give the producer information on the recent demand
f" his product. The use, of this and other historical: average market values per
uit are useful to.the producerwhen corrmaring production costs per unit for
making crop selection decisions.


Per ce rLabor Requi re!er.nts

Labor requirements per acre for a good yield level are presented to aid
the producer in evaluating his labor needs, The labor needs for a good









Machinery Fixed Costs

rachinery costs are fixed costs because the producer incurs this cost

whether he produces or not. The machinery presented in Table 1 is generally
used on these small farms. Often this machinery is not purchased new by the
proC:;cers i.hich allow's the: to produce with lower fixed costs. In this report,
however, new machinery was used as an example in Table 2 to demonstrate how to

handle machinery fixed costs.


Break-even Prices

The break-even prices are simply the market prices that are necessary to
cover pre-harvest and harvest cath costs. Break-even prices are computed by
dividing pre-harvest and harvest cash costs by the yield level obtained. In this
report, three yield levels were used to illustrate what is considered'low, good
and high yields with respect to the Crop. In addition, producers wishing to in-
cude machineryy fixed costs per unit of production should divide annual- fixed
costs by the number of acres produced and the yield level obtained per acre.


S Average Market Value/Unit

The average market value per unit of the commodity for the previous year

was recorded in the budget to give the producer information on the recent demand
f" his product. The use, of this and other historical: average market values per
uit are useful to.the producerwhen corrmaring production costs per unit for
making crop selection decisions.


Per ce rLabor Requi re!er.nts

Labor requirements per acre for a good yield level are presented to aid
the producer in evaluating his labor needs, The labor needs for a good









Machinery Fixed Costs

rachinery costs are fixed costs because the producer incurs this cost

whether he produces or not. The machinery presented in Table 1 is generally
used on these small farms. Often this machinery is not purchased new by the
proC:;cers i.hich allow's the: to produce with lower fixed costs. In this report,
however, new machinery was used as an example in Table 2 to demonstrate how to

handle machinery fixed costs.


Break-even Prices

The break-even prices are simply the market prices that are necessary to
cover pre-harvest and harvest cath costs. Break-even prices are computed by
dividing pre-harvest and harvest cash costs by the yield level obtained. In this
report, three yield levels were used to illustrate what is considered'low, good
and high yields with respect to the Crop. In addition, producers wishing to in-
cude machineryy fixed costs per unit of production should divide annual- fixed
costs by the number of acres produced and the yield level obtained per acre.


S Average Market Value/Unit

The average market value per unit of the commodity for the previous year

was recorded in the budget to give the producer information on the recent demand
f" his product. The use, of this and other historical: average market values per
uit are useful to.the producerwhen corrmaring production costs per unit for
making crop selection decisions.


Per ce rLabor Requi re!er.nts

Labor requirements per acre for a good yield level are presented to aid
the producer in evaluating his labor needs, The labor needs for a good








yield level are presented with respect to when and what quantity of labor is
necessary to produce and harvest a certain crop. It should be understood that
yields vary the amount of harvest labor necessary, while pre-harvest labor

remains fairly constant.








yield level are presented with respect to when and what quantity of labor is
necessary to produce and harvest a certain crop. It should be understood that
yields vary the amount of harvest labor necessary, while pre-harvest labor

remains fairly constant.







5













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LAFAVETTJOHNS
BRA~DFORD








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MAI`K


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Figure 1. -- West Central Florida's Vegetable Producing Area.









Table 1.--Estimated machinery investment and depreciation costs for
vegetable production on small vegetable farms,West Central
Florida, 1979.



Investment Salvage Life Annual
Item cost value years depreciation

I. Machinery

25 HP tractor $ 7,800 $ 750 10 $ 705

Fumigation rig 870 80 10 79

Mower 600 50 10 55

Sprayer 2,000 150 10 185

5 1/2 ft. disk 800 80 10 72

1/2 ton truck 7,000 500 8 813

Irrigation
systemc 8,000 200 10 780

Total $27,070 $1,810 $2,689


aIncludes fertilizer spreader, cultivator and seeder.

Includes bed-press and plastic layer.

CIncludes well, pump, motor, pipe, and sprinkler heads.










Table 2.--Estimated fixed costs of machinery ifor small
in West Central Florida, 1979.


vegetable farms


Item Total fixed Cash fixed
costs costs


I. Machinery fixed costs
Depreciation (Table 1)
Interest, 10.0Cof average
investment

Taxes, 1.2% of average investment

Insurance, 0.3% of average
investment

Repairs, 3% of average investment

Truck tag and insurance

Total machinery fixed costs


$ 2,689

2;573-

309

77

772'
400

$ 6,820


NCa

NGa

$ 309

77

772

S400

$1,558


aNon-cash expense

bAverage first year investment = $ 27,070 + (27,070 2,689)

2


= $25,726


- ~~-----~~-- -~1~~~--~-~- c-~ -~- -` 1--- -~







Table 3.--Estimated bell pepper production costs
farms, test Central Florida, 1979.


per acre for small


Usual time
Item of operation Cost


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS


Disk, 4 double cuts
Tractor & driver & disk, 1.5 hrs
each time at $6.59/hr

Dolomite, One ton every two years
delivered and spread

Disk, 2 double cuts
Tractor & driver & disk, 1.5 hrs.
each time at $6.59/hr

Lay off double beds, one time
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr

Make double beds, one time
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr

Fertilize, one time
Tractor & driver, 1.5 hrs at $5.81/hr
2 Tons 6-8-8 at $100/Ton

Apply plastic & fumigate, one time
Tractor with fumigator & driver,
2 hrs @ $6.57/hr
One helper, 2 hrs @ $3.00/hr
Plastic, 11,000' @$18.75/1,000'
Vapam, 25 gal @ $5.45/gal

Set plants, one time
Labor, 60 hrs at $3.00/hr
Plants, 14,500 at $25.00/1,000

Cultivate, two times
Tractor & driver, 1 hr each time
at $5.81/hr

Spraying, 12 times
Tractor & driver & sprayer, .5 hr
each time at $7.17/hr
Phosdrin 4EC, 12 times, .75 pt each
time at $22.10/gal
Fixed Copper, 4 times, 1 Ibs each time
at $1.35/lb
Zineb, 6 times, 2 Ibs each time at $1.
Maneb 80 WP, 6 times, 1.5 Ibs each t


Dollars per acre


Dec


Jan


Jan


Feb


Feb


Feb


Feb





Feb


Mar


Mar-Jun


33/1b
ime, at $1.20/1b


$39.54


11.50


19.77


5.81


5.81

208.72


361.64





542.50


11.62


100.04







Table 3.--continued


Usual time
Item of operation Cost

I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS Dollars per acre
Dollars per acre
Remove plastic after harvest, one Jul
time, Labor., 8 hrs at $3.00/hr 24.00

Electricity for irrigation 50.00

Interest on pre-harvest cash costs 46.03
$1,380.95 at 10% for 4 months
TOTAL PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS/ACRE $1,426.98

II. HARVEST CASH COSTS
Harvest period $/Bu

Picking, 20 min/bu at $3.00/hr Apr-Jun 1.00
Washing, grading, packing, 15
min./bu at $3.00/hr Apr-Jun .75
Hamper Apr-Jun .90
Hauling Apr-Jun .20

TOTAL HARVEST CASH COSTS/BUSHEL $2.85

III. MACHINERY FIXED COSTS (TABLE 2) $6,820.00

IV. MARKET PRICES NECESSARY TO COVER PRODUCTION COSTS (pre-harvest
and harvest costs).

Yield Yield Pre-harvest Harvest Pre-harvest
level B-u/A costs costs & harvest
costs
- $/Bu - --


Low yield 200 7.13 2.85 9.98

Good yield 375. 3.81 2.85 6.66

High yield 550. 2.60 2.85 5.45

V. 1977-78 AVERAGE MARKET VALUE/BUSHEL $5.17







Table 3.--continued


VI. PER ACRE LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR GOOD YIELD LEVEL (375 Bu/A)


Hours/Month

6
3
68
4


Month


Apr
May
Jun
Jul


Hours/Month

126
67
S30
8


Total


312


Month

Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar








Table 4.--Estimated bush bean production
:'est Central Florida, 1979.


costs per acre for small farms,


Usual Time
Item of operation Cost


Spring crop/
Fall crop


Dollars per acre


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS

Disk, four double cuts
-Tractor & driver & disk, 1.5 hrs
each time at $6.59/hr

Lay-off beds, one time
Tractor & driver, 1 hr. at $5.81/hr

Plant and fertilizer, one time
Tractor & driver, 1.5 hrs at $5.81
50 Ibs seed at $.80/lb
800 Ibs 6-8-8 at $100/ton

Fertilize and cultivate, two times
Tractor & driver, 1 hr each time
at $5.81/hr
300 Ibs 6-2-8, 25% organic each time
at $95/ton

Cultivate, three times
Tractor & driver, 1 hr each time
at $5.81/hr


Dec/July


Feb/Sept


Late Feb/
Early Sept


Mar/Sept




Mar/Sept


Spray program, 3 times Mar/Sept
Tractor & driver & sprayer, .5 hr
each time at $7.17/hr
Sevin 80WP, 2 times, 1.251bs
each time at $1.80/Ib
Phosdrin 4EC, 1 time, .5 pt. at
$22.10/ga1
Manzate 80 WP, 3 times, 1.5 1bs each
time at $1.70/1b


Irrigation, electricity for pump

Interest on pre-harvest cash costs
$250.91 at 10% for 3 months

TOTAL PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS/ACRE


Feb-March/
Sept-Oct


II. HARVEST CASH COSTS

Picking and loading, 1 bushel
per man-hr at $3.00/hr


Harvest Period
April/
late Oct


$ 39.54


5.81


88.72


40.12


17.43


24.29


35.00

6.27


$257.18


$/Bu -
$3.00


. _.. ... :II.. ---.-.-







Table 4.--continued


II. HARVEST CASH COSTS CONT'D.
Hamper April/ .90
Tate Oct

Hauling April/ .20
late Oct

TOTAL HARVEST CASH COSTS/BUSHEL $4.10

III.MACHINERY FIXED COST (TABLE 2). $6,820.00

IV. MARKET PRICES NECESSARY TO COVER PRODUCTION COSTS (pre-harvest
and harvest costs).

Yield Yield Pre-harvest Harvest Pre-harvest+
level bu/A costs costs harvest costs
- -$/Bushel - -

Low Yield 75 3.43 4.10 7.53

Good yield 100 2.57 4.10 6.67

High yield 125 2.06 4.10 6.16

V. 1977-78 AVERAGE MARKET VALUE/BUSHEL $8.06

VI. PER ACRE LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR GOOD YIELD LEVEL (1OO Bu/A)
Month Hours/Month

Dec/Jul 6
Feb/Sept 3
Mar/Sept 7
Apr/Oct 100

Total 116








Table 5.--Estimated cabbage production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979.


Usual time
Item of operation Cost

Dollars per acre
I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS
Disk, four double cuts July $39.54
Tractor & driver & disk, 1.5 hrs
each time at $6.59/hr

Lay-off beds, one time Sept 5.8}
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr

Planting, one time Sept 547.24
Tractor & driver, 4 hrs at $5.81/hr
2 helpers, 4 hrs each at $3.00/hr
20,000 plants at $25/1,000

Fertilize, one time Sept 105.81
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
1 ton 6-8-8 at $100/ton

.Cultivate, two times Oct 11.62
Tractor & driver, 1 hr each time
at $5.81/hr

Side-Dress Fertilizer, one time Oct 29.56
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
500 lbs 6-2-8 at $95/Ton

Spraying, eight times Sept- 74.27
Tractor & driver & sprayer, .5 hr Nov
each time at $7.17/hr
Dipel, 4 times, .5 lb each time, at $9/1b
Spreader-sticker, 8 times, 4 oz. each time,
at $4.60/gal.
Bravo, 2 times, 1.5 pints each time, $28.00/gal
Manzate-200, 3 times, 1.5 lbs each time,
at $1.70/1b
Phosdrin 4EC, 4 times, .75pint each time,
at $22.10/gal.

Electricity, for Irrigation 30.00

Interest on pre-harves't cash costs, $843.85
at 10% for 4 months 28.13

TOTAL PRE-HIARVEST CASH COSTS/ACRE $871.98







Table 5.--continued


Harvest Period


$/50 lb Crate


HARVEST CASH COSTS

Picking & packing
Tractor & driver, 10 hrs/500 4
at $5.81/hr
4 helpers, 10 hrs each/500 cri
at $3.00/hr

Loadino
Labor, 8 hrs/500 crates at $3.

Crates

Hauling

TOTAL HARVEST CASH COSTS/CRATE


MACHINERY FIXED COSTS (TABLE 2)


MARKET PRICES NECESSARY TO COVER
and harvest cos-').


Yield Yield Pre-harves
level Crates/A costs


Dec


$ .12


.24


00/hr Dec .05

Dec .95

Dec .10

$ 1.46


$6,820.00


PRODUCTION COSTS (pre-harvest



t Harvest Pre-harvest
costs & harvest
costs
- - $/Crate -- -- -


Low yield 300 2.91 1.46 4.37

Good yield 500 1.74 1.46 3.20

High yield 650 1.34 1.46 2.80


V. 1977-78 AVERAGE MARKET VALUE/CRATE $4.59


VI. PER ACRE LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR GOOD Y'ELD LEVEL (50Q Crates/A)
Month Hours/month

Jul 6
Sept 15
Oct 4
Nov 2
Dec 58

Total 85


Item


III.


IV.


L---C


-


- -


I







Table 6.--Estimated cherry tomato production costs per acre for small
farms, West Central Florida, 1979.

USUAL TIME
ITEM OF OPERATION COST

I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS Spring crop/ Dollars
Fall crop per acre
Dolomite, one ton every two years
Delivered and spread Jan/July 11.50

Disk, 4 double cuts Jan/July 39.54.
Tractor, driver & disk, 1.5 hours
each time at $6.59/hr

Lay off beds, one time Feb/Aug 8.72
Tractor & driver, 1.5 hrs at $5.81/hr

Make beds, one time Feb/Aug 5.81
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr

Fertilize, one time Feb/Aug 161.22
Tractor & driver, 1.5 hrs each time
at $5.81/hr
2500 lb 4-6-6 at $96/ton
500 lb 15-0-14 at $130/ton

Apply plastic & fumigate, one time Feb/Aug 326.64
Tractor & driver with fumigator,
2 hrs at $6.57/hr
One helper, 2 hrs at $3.00/hr
Plastic, 8,000' at $18.75/1,000'
Fumigant, MC-33, 175 Ibs at $.90/1b
Set plants, one time Feb/Sept 200.00
Labor, 40 hrs at $3.00/hr
Plants, 4,000 plants/Ac at $20.00/1000

Cultivate, one time Mar/Sept 5.81
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
Set stakes, one time Mar/Sept 1,790.50
Stakes, 2000 (1"xl"x7') at $.60 each
Labor, 2 helpers, 50 hrs each at
$3.00/hr
Tractor, driver & stake rack, 50 hrs
at $5.81/hr

Tieing, four times Mar-Apr/ 361.20
String, 24 rolls at $2.55/roll Sept-Oct
Labor, 100 hrs at $3.00/hr








Table 6.--continued


USUAL TIME
ITEM OF OPERATION COST

Spring crop/ Dollars
Fall crop per acre

Spraying, twelve times Mar-May 170.68
Tractor, driver & sprayer, .75 hr Sept-Nov
each time at $7.17/hr
Dipel 6 times, 1 Ib each time at
Thioden 50wp, 6 times, 2 Ibs each
time at $4.10/1b
Manzate, 12 times, 1.51bs each
time at $1.70/lb
Bravo 6F, 6 times, 1.5 pt each
time at $28.00/gal

Remove plastic after harvest, one time June/Dec 24.00
Labor, 8 hrs at $3.00/hr

Electricity, for irrigation 50.00

Interest on pre-harvest cash costs 131.48
3155.62 at 10% for 5 months __

TOTAL PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS/ACRE $3,287.10

II. HARVEST CASH COSTS
Harvest Period $/flat

Picking labor (10 mins/flat) Apr-Jun/Nov-Dec .50

Containers (flats) .60

Washing, grading & loading ..10
Hauling .05

TOTAL HARVEST CASH COSTS/ FLAT $1.25

III. MACHINERY FIXED COST (TABLE 2) $6,820.00








Table 6.--continued


IV. MARKET PRICES NECESSARY TO COVER PRODUCTION COSTS (pre-harvest and

harvest costs)

Yield Level Yield Pre-harvest Harvest Pre-harvest &
Flats/A costs costs harvest costs-
- - -$/Flat- - - -


Low yield 1,000 3.29 1.25 4.54

Good yield 2,600 1.29 1:25 2.54

High yield 3,500 .94 1.25 2.19

V. 1977-78 AVERAGE MARKET VALUE/FLAT $5.59

VI. PER ACRE LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR GOOD YIELD LEVEL (2,600 Flats/A)
Month Hours/Month

Jan/July 6/6

Feb/Aug 50/10

Mar/Sept 204/244

Apr/Oct 163/53
May/Nov 217/220

Jun/Dec 118/225

TOTAL 758







Table 7.--Estimated collard production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979.


Usual time
of operation


Cost


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS

Disk, four double cuts
Tractor & driver & disk, 1.5 hrs
each time at $6.59/hr

Disk, two double cuts
Tractor & driver & disk, 1.5 hrs
each time at $6.59/hr

Lay-off beds, one time
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr

Fertilize, one time
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
1,000 lb 6-8-8 at $100/ton

Plant, one time
Tractor & driver, 2 hrs at $5.81/hr
4 lbs seed at $2.30/1b

Cultivate, 7 times
Tractor & driver, 1 hr each time
at $5.81/hr

Side-dress fertilizer, 3 times
Tractor & driver, 1 hr each time
at $5.81/hr
200 Ibs 15-0-14 each time at $130/ton

Spray program, 10 times
Tractor & driver & sprayer, .5 hr.
each time at $7.17/hr
Dipel, 5 times, .51b each time, at $9/lb
Maneb 80 WP, 5 times, 1.51b each time,
at $1.70/1b
Phosdrin 4EC, 5 times, .5 pt. each time
at $22.10/gal

Electricity for irrigation

Interest on pre-harvest cash costs
$346.86 at 10% for 4 months


Aug


-Sept


Oct


Oct


Dollars per

$ 39.54


19.77


5.81


55.81


Oct


Oct-
Dec

Nov-
Dec


20.82


40.67


56.43


78.01


Oct-
Jan


30.00

11.56

$ 358.42


TOTAL PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS/ACRE


Item







Table 7.--continued


Usual time
\Item of operation Cost

II. HARVEST CASH COSTS Dollars:per box

Picking and Packing, three times Dec- $0.75
Labor, 15 min/box at $3.00/hr Jan
(boxes furnished by buyer)

Hauling .05

TOTAL HARVEST CASH COSTS/BOX $0.80

III.MACHINERY FIXED COST (TABLE 2) $6,820.00

IV. MARKET PRICES NECESSARY TO COVER PRODUCTION COSTS (pre-harvest
and harvest costs).

Yield Yield Pre-harvest Harvest Pre-harvest
level Boxes/A costs costs & harvest
costs

- -$/Box - -

Low yield 1,500 .24 .80 1.04

Good yield 2,000 .18 .80 .98

High yield 2,500 :14 .80 .94

V. 1977-78 AVERAGE MARKET VALUE/BOX $1.10

VI. PER HOUR LABOR REQUIREMENTS (2,000 Boxes/A)
Month Hours/Month

Aug 6
Sept 3
Oct 8
Nov 8
Dec 328
Jan 175

Total 528







Table 8.--Estimated cucumber production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979.


Usual time
Item of operation Cost


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS Spring crop Dollars
Fall crop

Disk, four times Dec/July $ 39.54
Tractor & driver & disk, 1.5 hrs
each time at $6.59/hr

Lay-off beds, one time Jan/Aug 5.81
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr

Apply fertilizer, one time Jan/Aug 70.81
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
1,300 Ibs 6-8-8 at $100/ton

Make beds and fumigate, one time Feb/Aug 142.06
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
Vapam, 25 gal at $5.45/gal.

Plant, one time Feb/Aug 23.81
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
2 Ibs seed at $9.00/1b

Turn vines, one time Mar/Sept 2.25
Labor .75 hr/A at $3.00/hr

Cultivate, three times Feb-Mar/ 17
Tractor & driver, 1 hr each Aug-Sept
time at $5.81/hr

Side-dress fertilizer, two times Mar/Sept
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
250 Ibs 14-0-15 at $130/ton

Spraying, four times Mar-May/ 35.47
Tractor & driver & sprayer, .5 hr Oct-Nov
each time at $7.17/hr
Phosdrin 4 EC, four times, .5 pt each
time at $22.10/gal
Manzate 200, two times, 1.5 lb each
time at $1.70/1b
Bravo 6F, two times, 1.5 pt each
time at $28.00/gal


Electricity for irrigation


45.00








Table 8.--continued


Usual time
Item of operation Cost


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS CONT'D.

Interest on pre-harvest cash costs $ 17.7
$426.30 at 10% for 5 months
TOTAL PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS/ACRE $444.06

II. HARVEST CASH COSTS Harvest Period $/Bu

Picking, washing & packing, two Apr-May/
times/week for 5 weeks Oct-Nov
Labor, 1 hr per bushel at $3.00/hr $ 3.00
Hampers .90
Hauling .20

TOTAL HARVEST CASH COSTS/BUSHEL $4.10


III. MACHINERY FIXED COST (TABLE 2) $6,820.00


IV. MARKET PRICES NEEDED TO COVER PRODUCTION COSTS (pre-harvest and
harvest costs).

Yield Yield Pre-Harvest Harvest Pre-Harvest +
level Bu/A costs costs harvest costs
- - -&/Bushel - -- -


Low Yield 250 1.78 4.10 5.88

Good Yield 350. 1.27 4.10 5.37

High Yield 400 1.11 4.10 5.21


V. 1977-78 AVERAGE MARKET VALUE/BUSHEL


$ 5.03


VI. PER ACRE LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR GOOD YIELD (350 Bu/A)


Hours/Month

6
2
3.


Month

Mar/Sept
Apr/Oct
May/Nov.

Total


Hours/Month
'3
200
150

364


Month

Dec/July
Jan/Aug
Feb/Aug








Table 9.--Estimated eggplant production
West Central Florida, 1979.


costs per acre for small farms,'


Usual time
Item of operation Cost


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS


Disk, 4 times
Tractor, driver, & disk, 1.5 hrs
each time at $6.59/hr

Lay-off beds, 1 time, tractor &
driver, I hr at $5.81/hr

Make beds, 1 time, tractor & driver,
1 hr at $5.81/hr

Fertilize, 1 time
Tractor & driver, 1.5 hrs at $5.81/hr
2 tons 6-8-8 at $100/ton

Apply plastic & fumigate, 1 time
Tractor with fumigator & driver,
2 hrs at $6.57/hr
One helper, 2 hrs at $3.00/hr
Plastic, 11,000' at $18.7541,000'
Vapam, 25 gal at $5.45/gal

Planting, one time
Two helpers, 6 hrs each at $3.00/hr
13,000 plants at $26.00/1,000

Cultivate, 2 times
Tractor & driver, 1 hr each time
at $5.81/hr


Spring Crop/
Fall Crop


Jan/Aug


Feb/Sep


Feb/Sep

Feb/Sep


Feb/Sep



Feb/Sep

Feb/Sep


Feb-Mar/
Sept-Oct


Spray program, nine times Feb-Apr/
Tractor & driver & sprayer, Sept-Oct
.5 hr each time at $7.17/hr
Manzate 80 WP, 9 times, 1.5 Ibs each time
at $1.70/lb
Phosdrin 4E, 9 times, 1 pt. each time
at $22.10/gal


Electricity for Irrigation


Interest on pre-harvest cash costs,
$1,147.21 at 10% for 5 months

TOTAL PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS/ACRE


Feb-May/
Sept- Nov


Dollars per acre


$39.54


5.81


5.81

208.71


361.64





374.00


11.62


80.08






60.00


$1,195.01





23


Table 9.--continued


Ikaia1l time1


Item of operation Cost

II. HARVEST CASH COST Harvest Period $/Bu

Picking & Packing, 3 bu/man-hr Apr-Jun/ 1.00
at $3.00/hr Oct-Nov

Hampers .90

Haulin .20

TOTAL HARVEST CASH COSTS/BUSHEL $2.10


III. MACHINERY FIXED COST (TABLE 2). $6,820.00

IV. MARKET PRICES NECESSARY TO COVER PRODUCTION COSTS (pre-harvest
a6d harvest costs).


Yield Yield Pre-harvest Harvest Pre-harvest
level Bu/A costs costs & harvest
costs
- - -$/Bushel - - -


Low Yield 550 2.17 2.10 4.27

Good Yield 750 1.59 2.10 3.69

High Yield 950 1.26 2.10 3.36

V. 1977-78 AVERAGE MARKET VALUE/BUSHELT $3.80

VI. PER ACRE LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR GOOD YIELD LEVEL (750 Bu/A)
Month Hours/MoAth Month Hours/Month

Jan 6 Apr 112
Feb 21 May 95
Mar 3 Jun 43
Total 280







Table 10.--Estimated okra production costs
West Central Florida, 1979.


per acre for small farms,


Usual time
Item of operation Cost


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS


Spring Crop/
Fall Crop


Dollars per acre


Disk, 4 times
Tractor & dirver & disk, 1.5 hrs
each time at $6.59/hr

Lay-off beds, one time,
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr

Make beds, one time
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr


Fertilize, one time
Tractor & driver,
1,000 Ibs 6-8-8 at


Press beds &
Tractor &
Vapam, 25


1.5 hrs at $5.81/hr
$100/ton


fumigate, one time
drvier, 1.5 hrs at $5.81/hr
gal at $5.45/gal


Plant, one :time
Tractor & driver, 1.5 hrs at
$5.81/hr
15 lb seed, $2.00 per pound


Cultivate middles, 2
Tractor & driver,
at $5.81/hr

Hoeing, 1 time
8 hrs at $3.00/hr


times
275 hrs each time


Apply side-dress fertilizer, 2 times
Tractor & driver, I hr each time at
.$5.81/hr
200 lbs 17-0-5
at $124/ton
6-8-8, 800 Ibs
at $100/ton

Spray program, 4 times
Tractor & driver & sprayer, .5 hr
.each time at $7.17/hr
Sevin 80 WP, 3 times, 1.25 lb each
time at $1.80/1b
Phosdrin 4EC, 1 time, .75 pint at
$22.10/gal


Jan/June


Mar/July

Mtar/July

Mar/July


Mar/July



Mar/July




Apr/Aug


Apr/Aug






Apr-May/
Aug-Sept


$39.54


5.81


5.81


58.72


144.97


38.72



8.72



24.00

64.02






23.16








Table 10.--continued


Usual time
Item of operation Cost


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS CONT'D. Spring Crop/ Dollars per acre
Fall Crop

Irrigation, Electricity for pump 45.00

Interest on pre-harvest cash costs 15.28
$458.47 at 10% for 4 months

TOTAL PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS/ACRE $ 473.75

II. HARVEST CASH COSTS Harvest Period $/Bu

Picking, 1 bu per man hour at $3.00/hr May-June/ 3.00
Sept-Oct
Grading, 4 bu per man hour at $3.00/hr .75

Hampers. .90

Hauling .20

TOTAL HARVEST CASH COSTS/BUSHEL $4.85

III. MACHINERY FIXED COST (TABLE 2) $6,820.00

IV. MARKET PRICES NECESSARY TO COVER PRODUCTION COSTS (pre-harvest and
harvest costs).


Yield Yield Pre-harvest Harvest Pre-harvest
level Bu/A costs costs & harvest
costs
- - -$/Bushel - -


Low Yield 250 1.90 4.85 6.75
Good Yield 350 1.35 4.85 6.20

High Yield 450 1.05 4.85 5.90








Table 10--continued


V. AVERAGE MARKET VALUE/BUSHEL 1977-78


$13.50


VI. PER ACRE LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR GOOD YIELD LEVEL (350 Bu/A)


Month Hours/Month Month Hours/Month

Jan/June 6 May/Sept 147
Mar/July 7 Jun/Oct 293
Apr/Aug 14
Total 467


_ __ _~_








Table 11.--Estimated squash production
West Central Florida, 1979.


per acre for small farms,


Usual-time
Item of operation Cost


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS


Disk, 4 times
Tractor & driver & disk, 1.5 hrs
each time at $6.59/hr

Lay-off beds, one time
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr

Apply fertilizer, one time
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
00O1bs 6-8-8 at $100/ton

Make beds and fumigate, 1 time
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
Vapam, 25 gal at $5.45/gal

Plant, one time
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
3 Ibs seed at $21.00/1b


Spring crop/
Fall crop

Dec/July


Jan/Aug


SJan/Aug


Feb/Aug


Feb/Aug


Dollars per acre


$39.54


5.81


55.81


142.06


68.81


Cultivate,
Tractor
time at


4 times
& driver, 1 hr each
$5.81/hr


Side-dress fertilizer, 2 times
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr
200 Ibs 15-0-14 at $130/ton

Spraying, 4 times
Tractor & driver & sprayer, .5 hr
each time at $7.17/hr
Phosdrin 4EC, 4 times, .5 pt each
time at $22.10/gal
Manzate 200, 2 times, '1.5 lb each
time at $1.70/lb
Benlate, 2 times, .5 lb each time
at $8.85/1b

Electricity for Irrigation

Interest on pre-harvest cash costs
$453.71 at 10% for 4 months

TOTAL PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS/ACRE.


Feb-Mar/
Aug-Sept

Feb/Sept


Feb-Apr/
Aug-Oct-


23.24


37.62


33.82








45.00


15.06

$466.77


costs








Table ll.--continued


II. HARVEST CASH COSTS


Picking, washing & packing, 3 times/
week for 5 weeks

Labor, 45 min per bushel at $3.00/hr.

Hampers

Hauling


Harvest Period


$/Bu


Mar-Apr/
Oct- Nov


2.25


.90


. .20


TOTAL HARVEST CASH COSTS/BUSHEL


$3.35


III. MACHINERY FIXED COST (TABLE 2). $6,820.00


IV. MARKET PRICES NECESSARY TO COVER PRODUCTION COSTS (pre-harvest and
harvest costs).

Yield Yield Pre-harvest Harvest Pre-harvest
level Bu/A costs costs & harvest
costs
- - -$/Bushel - -


Low Yield 100 4.68 3.35 8.03

Good Yield 160 2.92 3.35 6.27

High Yield 220 2.12 3.35 5.47


V. AVERAGE MARKET VALUE/BUSHEL 1977-78. $4.28


SVI. PER ACRE LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR GOOD YIELD LEVEL (160 Bu/A)


Hours/Month

6/6
2/4
7/6


Month

Mar/Oct
Apr/Nov


Total


Hours/Month

22/102
101/20

138


Month

Dec/July
Jan/Aug
Feb/Sept









Table 12.--Estimated southern pea production costs per acre for small farms,
West Central Florida, 1979.


Usual time
Item of operation Cost


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS


Disk, 4 times
Tractor & driver & disk, 1.5 hrs
each time at $6.59/hr

Chicken fertilizer
One 3-ton load, delivered &
spread

Disk, 2 times
Tractor & driver & disk-, 1.5 hrs
each time at $6.59/hr

Lay-off beds, one time
Tractor & driver, 1 hr at $5.81/hr


Apply fertilizer, one time
Tractor & driver, 1.5 hrs
500 Ibs 6-8-8 at $100/ton

Planting, one time
Tractor & driver, 1.5 hrs
at $5.81/hr
20 Ibs seed at $.80/1b


at $5.81/hr


each time


Spring crop/
Fall crop

Nov/Aug


De*/Sept


Dec/Sept


Feb/Sept.


Feb/Sept


Mar/Sept


Dollars per acre


$39.54


45.00


19.77


5.81


33.72


24.72


Cultivate, 2 times
Tractor & driver, 1 hr each time
at $5.81/hr

Cultivate & side-dress fertilizer, 2 times
Tractor & driver, 1 hr each time at
$5.81/hr
125 lbs 15-0-14 each time at $130/ton

Spraying, 4 times
Tractor & driver & sprayer, .5 hr
each time at:$7.17/hr
Sulfur, 2 times, 5 Ibs each time at
$4.00/50 Ibs
Phosdrin, 4 EC, 2 times, .5 pt each
time at $22.10/gal

Electricity for irrigation

Interest on pre-harvest cash costs
$251.15 at 10% for 3 months


Mar-Apr/
Sept-Oct

Mar-Apr/
Oct


Mar/Oct


11.62


27.87



17.90


25.00

6.28








Table 12.--continued


UsuaT time
Item of operation Cost


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS CONT'D.

TOTAL PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS/ACRE $257.23

II. HARVEST CASH COSTS Harvest Period $/Bu

Picking, 45 min/hamper at $3.00/hr May-June 2.25

Hamper May-June .90

Hauling May-June .20

TOTAL HARVEST CASH COSTS/BUSHEL $3.35


III. MACHINERY FIXED COST (TABLE 2). $6,820.00

IV. MARKET PRICES NECESSARY TO COVER PRODUCTION COSTS (pre-harvest and
harvest costs).


Yield Yield Pre-harvest Harvest Pre-harvest
level Bu/A costs costs & harvest
costs
- - -$/Bushel - -


Low Yield 100 2.57 3.35 5.92

Good Yield 150 1.71 3.35 5.06

High Yield 200 1.29 3.35 4.64


V. 1977-78 AVERAGE MARKET VALUE/BUSHEL $4.65

VI. PER ACRE LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR GOOD YIELD LEVEL (150 Bu/A)


Hours/Month

6
3
3
5


Month

Apr
May
Jun

Total


Hours/Month

3
73
40


Month


Nov
Dec
Feb
Mar







Table 13.--Estimated strawberry production costs per acre for small
West Central Florida, 1979, continued.


Usual time
Item of operation Cost


I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS Dollars per acre
Remove plastic from previous crop May $ 24.00
8 hrs. labor at $3.00/hr

Disk, two times, 1.5 hrs May 19.77
Tractor, driver & disk at $6.59/hr

Plant cover crop, one time June 20.41
1/2 hr at $5.81/hr
50 Ibs sorghum at $0.35/lb

Rotovate cover crop, four times Sept 39.54
1.5 hrs each time
Tractor, driver & disk at $6.59/hr

Lay off rows, one time Sept 5.81
One hr tractor & driver at $5.81/hr

Make beds, one time Sept 5.81
One hr tractor & driver at $5.81/hr

Fertilize, onetime one hr each time Sept 169.29
Tractor, w/spreader & driver at $5.81/hr
Fertilizer, 3000 Ibs 6-8-8 at $100/T
Dolomite, 1 ton every 3 years at $23/T

Fumigate, one time, 4 hrs Sept 398.99
Tractor w/fumigator & driver at $5.81/hr
One helper at $3.00/hr
Fumigant (MC-33), 175 Ibs at $0.90/1b
Plastic, 11,000 ft x 44 in at $18.75/1000 ft

Set plants Oct 925.00
40 hrs labor at $3.00/hr
23,000 plants at $35/1000

Cultivate, three times, one hr each time Nov-Jun 17.43
Tractor w/cultivator & driver at $5.81/hr







Table 13.--continued


Usual time
Item of operation Cost

I. PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS CONT'D. Dollars per acre
Spray program, 36.times, .5 hr each time Oct-Apr $ 857.10
Tractor, driver & sprayer at $7.17/hr
Captan, 36 times, 6 lb. each time at
$1.52/1b
Benlate, 16 times, 1 lb each time at
$8.85/1b ,
Dibrom, 6 times, 1 pt each time at
.450/pt
Plictran, 6 times, 2 lb each time at
$16.50/1b
Phosdrin 4-E,12 times, 1 pt each time
at $2.76/pt

Electricity for irrigation Oct-Apr 50.00

Interest on pre-harvest cash costs 147.77
$2,533.15 at 10% for 7 months
TOTAL PRE-HARVEST CASH COSTS/ACRE $2,680.92


II. HARVEST CASH COSTS
Harvest period $/flat

Picking labor Dec-Apr $ 1.10
Labor benefits Dec-Apr .14
Containers Dec-Apr .60
Packing shed labor Dec-Apr .10
Labor bonus Dec-Apr .10
Supervision Dec-Apr .10

TOTAL HARVEST CASH COST/FLAT $ 2.14

III. MACHINERY FIXED COSTS (TABLE 2) $6,820.00








Table 13.--continued


Usual time
Item of operation Cost

IV. MARKET PRICES NECESSARY TO COVER PRODUCTION COSTS (pre-harvest
and harvest costs)

Yield Yield Pre-harvest Harvest Pre-harvest &
level Flats/A costs costs harvest costs
S- - $/Flat - -


Low yield 1,200 2.23 2.14 4.37
Giod yield 1,600 1.68 2.14 3.82

High yield 2,000 1.34 2.14 3,48

V. 1977-78 AVERAGE MARKET VALUE/FLAT $ 5.88

VI. PER ACRE LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR GOOD YIELD LEVEL (1,600 Flats/A)
Month Hours/Month Month Hours/Month

May 11 Dec 4
Jun 1 Jan 63
Sept 14 Feb 108
Oct 43 Mar 157
Nov- 3' Apr 83
Total -487.











BIBLIOGRAPHY


[1] Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, Florida Agricultural
Statistics, Vegetable Summary, 1972.

[2] Levins, R.A., and R.D. Downs. "Strawberry Production Costs in the Plant
City Area, 1974." Bradenton AREC Research Report GC 1974-9.

[3] Levins, R.A. and R.D. Downs. "Management Handbook for Small Farms In Florida."
Unpublished paper prepared for the Food and Resource Economics
Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, 1974.

[4] Otte, J.A., M.T. Pospichal, C.M. Howard and E.E. Albregts. "Estimated
Costs to Grow Strawberries in the Plant City Area, 1977." Economic
Information Report 86, Food and Resource Economics Department,
Gainesville, 1978.




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