• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Copyright
 Title Page
 Abstract
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Introduction
 Methods and procedures
 Enterprise budgets
 Summary
 Budgets and labor requirements...
 Budgets, labor requirements and...
 Budgets and labor requirements...
 Miscellaneous supporting mater...
 Reference






Group Title: Economic information report - Food and Resource Economics Department - 121
Title: Budgets for selected field crop, forage and beef cattle enterprises in North and West Florida, 1977
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027312/00001
 Material Information
Title: Budgets for selected field crop, forage and beef cattle enterprises in North and West Florida, 1977
Series Title: Economic information report
Physical Description: iv, 53 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Prevatt, J. Walter ( James Walter ), 1953-
Reynolds, John E ( John Everett )
Melton, Bryan E ( Bryan Edwin )
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla.
Publication Date: 1979
 Subjects
Subject: Field crops -- Economic aspects -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Forage -- Economic aspects -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Beef cattle -- Economic aspects -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Bibliography: p. 52-53.
Statement of Responsibility: J. Walter Prevatt, John E. Reynolds, Bryan E. Melton.
General Note: Cover title.
Funding: Economic information report (Gainesville, Fla.) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027312
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000412719
oclc - 06369877
notis - ACF9722

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Abstract
        Abstract
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    List of Tables
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Introduction
        Page 1
    Methods and procedures
        Page 2
    Enterprise budgets
        Page 2
    Summary
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Budgets and labor requirements for selected field crop enterprises in north and west Florida, 1977
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
    Budgets, labor requirements and nutritional values for selected forage production in north and west Florida, 1977
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
    Budgets and labor requirements for selected beef cattle enterprises in north and west Florida, 1977
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
    Miscellaneous supporting material
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
    Reference
        Page 52
        Page 53
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida






3. Walter Prevatt
John E. Reynolds


Economic Informatio r
Report 121


Bryan E. Melton



Budgets for Selected Field Crop,
Forage and Beef Cattle
Enterpriesein, N oth
an d West Frida 1977


Food and Resource Economics Department
Agricoutural Experiment Stations
Institute of Food ad Agricutturoa' Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesvilte 32611


O tober 979















ABSTRACT


Estimated budgets for selected field crop, forage and beef cattle
enterprises in North and West Florida during 1977 are presented in
this paper. This material may be utilized by producers at the firm
level in preparing their own individualized budgets.


Key words: field crops, forages, beef cattle, budgets, costs
and returns.









TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

LIST OF TABLES .... .. ... .. .. ... .

INTRODUCTION . .. . . 1

METHODS AND PROCEDURES. . ...... 2

ENTERPRISE BUDGETS ........ .. 2

SUMMARY . . . . . 3

BUDGETS AND LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR SELECTED FIELD CROP ENTERPRISES
IN NORTH AND WEST FLORIDA, 1977. . ... . . 5

BUDGETS, LABOR REQUIREMENTS AND NUTRITIONAL VALUES FOR SELECTED
FORAGE PRODUCTION IN NORTH AND WEST FLORIDA, 1977. . 24

BUDGETS AND LABOR REQUIREMENTS FOR SELECTED BEEF CATTLE ENTERPRISES
IN NORTH AND WEST FLORIDA, 1977.. . .. . . 45

MISCELLANEOUS SUPPORTING MATERIAL. . .. . .. 49

REFERENCES . . ... ............ 52







LIST OF TABLES


Table Page

1 Estimated cost and return of producing one acre of corn,
North and West Florida, 1977 ... . ...... . 6

2 Estimated cost and return of producing one acre of corn
under irrigation, North and West Florida, 1977 .. ..... 7

3 Estimated cost and return of producing one acre of
peanuts, North and West Florida, 1977 . ... . 8

4 Estimated cost and return of producing one acre of soy-
beans, North and West Florida, 1977 . . 9

5 Estimated cost and return of producing one-acre of late
soybeans, North and West Florida, 1977 . . 10

6 Estimated growing costs for producing one acre of
flue-cured tobacco, North and West Florida, 1977 . . 11

7 Estimated cost and return of growing and conventionally
harvesting one acre of flue-cured tobacco, North and
West Florida, 1977 . . . ..... 12

8 Estimated cost and return of growing and mechanically har-
vesting one acre of flue-cured tobacco, North and
West Florida, 1977 . . . . 13

9 Estimated cost and return of producing one acre of wheat,
North and West Florida, 1977 . . . .. 14

10 Nonirrigated corn: monthly labor, tractor and combine
requirements per acre, North and West Florida, 1977 .. 15

11 Irrigated corn: monthly labor, tractor and combine
requirements per acre, North and West Florida, 1977 . 16

12 Peanuts: monthly labor and tractor requirements per acre,
North and West Florida, 1977 . . . 17

13 Soybeans: monthly labor, tractor and combine requirements
per acre, North and West Florida, 1977 . .. . 18

14 Late soybeans: monthly labor, tractor and combine require-
ments per acre, North and West Florida, 1977 . . 19

15 Flue-cured tobacco plant bed: monthly labor and tractor
requirements per plant bed (75 sq yd/acre), North and West
Florida, 1977 . . . . . . 20

16 Flue-cured tobacco field operations: monthly labor and tractor
requirements per acre, North and West Florida, 1977 . 21






LIST OF TABLES (Continued)

Table lage

17 Flue-cured tobacco harvest: monthly labor, tractor and
mechanical harvest requirements per acre, North and West
Florida, 1977 . ............ . . . 22

18 Wheat: monthly labor, tractor and combine requirements
per acre, North and West Florida, 1977 ... . 23

19 Estimated establishment cost for one acre of Argentina
Bahia pasture from cropland in North and West Florida, 1977 25

20 Estimated establishment cost for one acre of Argentina
Bahia pasture from range in North and West Florida,-1977 26

21 Estimated growing cost for one acre of establishing Argentina
Bahia pasture in North and West Florida, 1977 . .. 27

22 Estimated establishment cost for one acre of Coastal Bermuda
pasture from cropland in North and West Florida, 1977 28

23 Estimated establishment cost for one acre of Coastal Bermuda
pasture from range in North and West Florida, 1977 29

24 Estimated growing cost for one acre of established Coastal
Bermuda pasture in North and West Florida, 1977 .. 30

25 Estimated growing cost for one acre of Argentina Bahia pasture
and ryegrass in North and West Florida,-1977 .. . 31-

26 Estimated growing cost for one acre of Argentina Bahia pasture
and arrowleaf clover in North and West Florida, 1977- ... 32

27- Estimated growing cost for one acre of arrowleaf clover in
North and West Florida, 1977 . .. .. 33

28 Estimated growing cost for one acre of sorghum-sudangrass -
in North and West Florida, 1977 . . 34

29 Estimated growing cost for one acre of millet in North
and West Florida, 1977 . ........... 35-

30 Estimated growing cost for one acre of rye in North and
West Florida, 1977 . ..... . 36

31 Estimated growing cost for one acre of ryegrass in North
and West Florida, 1977 . . ... 37

32 Estimated growing cost for one acre of rye-ryegrass in
North and West Florida, 1977 ............ . 38








LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table Page

33 Estimated growing cost for one acre of rye-ryegrass-
clover in North and West Florida, 1977 . . .... 39

34 Estimated growing cost of wheat pasture in North and
West Florida, 1977 . . . .... .. 40


35 Estimated hours of labor per acre required for maintaining
selected forage crops by month., North and West Florida, 1977


. 41


36 Estimated production per acre per year of pounds of
dry matter (DM), pounds of digestible protein (DP)
and megacalories of metabolizable energy (ME) for
selected North and West Florida forage crops ..

37 Estimated monthly percentage yields for selected
forage crops,.North and West Florida . . .

38 Estimated monthly labor requirements of cow calf and
backgrounding operations per animal for fence repair,
marketing, routine checking and health care, North and
West Florida . . . . . .

39 Estimated annual cost of cow calf enterprise per
animal unit for specified items of expense, North and
West Florida, 1977 . . . . .

40 Estimated annual cost of stocker operation per animal
for specified items of expense, North and West Florida,
1977 . . . . . .

41 Annual average product prices, Florida, 1973-1977 .

42 Man-equivalent hours of operator labor available by
months, 1977 . . . . . .


..... 42


. . 43




S. 46



. 47



..... 48

.... 50













BUDGETS FOR SELECTED FIELD CROP, FORAGE AND
BEEF CATTLE ENTERPRISES IN NORTH AND WEST FLORIDA, 1977

J. Walter Prevatt, John E. Reynolds and Bryan E. Melton

INTRODUCTION


The changing price conditions and technological advances in farm
machinery, facilities, forage systems, crop production and livestock
enterprises, since the beginning of the seventies, make it necessary for
farm managers to continually reevaluate the organization of their farm
resources. Farm managers are, therefore, interested in the costs and
returns of alternative enterprises and in adjustments toward a more
optimal farm organization.
A properly prepared budget can be a valuable tool for the agri-
cultural producer to utilize in evaluating alternative enterprises.
Once costs and returns are budgeted, the producer can adjust the budget
to reflect expected changes in costs and returns that result from
changes in the production of the enterprise under consideration. The
completed budget may be used to calculate break-even prices with respect-
to-cash or total costs that will provide the producers with more infor-
mation for business planning. Also, costs and returns projections are
useful to the producer when estimating how much and when to borrow money
and for planning tax strategies.
Agricultural production takes place within the constraints of
resource availability and the framework defined by economic, technical
and governmental policy conditions. As production conditions in


J. WALTER PREVATT and BRYAN E. MELTON are Assistant Professors and
JOHN E. REYNOLDS is an Associate Professor in the Food and Resource
Economics Department, University of Florida.






agriculture change, farm managers find it necessary to reevaluate the
organization of their farm enterprises in order to maximize farm income.
The budgets and the labor requirements presented in this report were
developed for use in a study of optimal farm resource organization in
North and West Florida 110]. The major purpose of that study was to
determine the optimal enterprise organization for resource situations
and to provide information for production planning at the firm level.
The costs and returns budgets were instrumental in the accomplishment
of that purpose.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES


The development of the enterprise budgets required the accumulation
of information from essentially four parts of the production process -
(1) physical and technical production practices, (2) power and equipment
costs, (3) variable costs associated with production and (4) prices and
yields for the respective enterprises.The budgets were developed from data
collected by agronomists, animal scientists, area economists and other exten-
sion specialists.
In order to estimate production expenses it was necessary to know
what factors of production needed to be applied, when, how often, and at
what rate in each enterprise. Recommended production practices for field
crops and forages were specified for the development of the budgets in
this study. Land preparation, planting, cultivation, types and rates of
fertilization, types and rates of insecticide application and harvesting
are some of the production practices.
A procedure developed by Melton was used to account for the physical
and biological differences in production and nutrient requirements of
the beef cow herd [81.

ENTERPRISE BUDGETS


The budgets were developed for a representative 500-acre farm
utilizing the recommended practices for field crops, forages and beef
cattle enterprises in North and West Florida. Input items in the budgets
are presented in both physical and monetary terms. Therefore, where






agriculture change, farm managers find it necessary to reevaluate the
organization of their farm enterprises in order to maximize farm income.
The budgets and the labor requirements presented in this report were
developed for use in a study of optimal farm resource organization in
North and West Florida 110]. The major purpose of that study was to
determine the optimal enterprise organization for resource situations
and to provide information for production planning at the firm level.
The costs and returns budgets were instrumental in the accomplishment
of that purpose.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES


The development of the enterprise budgets required the accumulation
of information from essentially four parts of the production process -
(1) physical and technical production practices, (2) power and equipment
costs, (3) variable costs associated with production and (4) prices and
yields for the respective enterprises.The budgets were developed from data
collected by agronomists, animal scientists, area economists and other exten-
sion specialists.
In order to estimate production expenses it was necessary to know
what factors of production needed to be applied, when, how often, and at
what rate in each enterprise. Recommended production practices for field
crops and forages were specified for the development of the budgets in
this study. Land preparation, planting, cultivation, types and rates of
fertilization, types and rates of insecticide application and harvesting
are some of the production practices.
A procedure developed by Melton was used to account for the physical
and biological differences in production and nutrient requirements of
the beef cow herd [81.

ENTERPRISE BUDGETS


The budgets were developed for a representative 500-acre farm
utilizing the recommended practices for field crops, forages and beef
cattle enterprises in North and West Florida. Input items in the budgets
are presented in both physical and monetary terms. Therefore, where







necessary, the user of these budgets can adjust the physical level,
price level, or both to reflect the appropriate practices and prices
for his situation.
Product yields are determined by the production process. Some
factors of production can be controlled and others cannot be controlled.
The production process followed determines the cost of production. The
prices paid for factors of production, prices received for products
and product yields for respective enterprises are presented in the
budgets.
The use of power or machinery in the budgets includes tractors,
associated implements, trucks, self-propelled and tractor-propelled har-
vesting and spraying machines and irrigation systems. Equipment includes
all nonmachinery items required to maintain and operate a farming unit.
The cost associated with the operation of the machinery and equipment was
accounted for by performance rates on a unit of operation basis.
The budgets in this report include only cash expenses and are not
intended to represent the total production costs. Only cash expenses
(variable costs) were used since fixed costs vary widely among agri-
cultural producers. Cash expenses are the costs of those items for which
purchase decisions are made during the season. They include the costs of
variable factors such as fertilizer, lime, insecticides and seed. Costs
of other items (depreciation, taxes, and other overhead costs) are not
included in these budgets. Users of these budgets who attempt to evaluate
longer-term decisions need to add the appropriate costs for these fixed
items of production. Return over cash expenses should be interpreted as
the return to land, labor, capital and management.

SUMMARY

In this report, budget estimates were obtained for the production of
field crops, forages and beef cattle enterprises which have potential in
the North and West Florida area. The budgets are reported on a variable
costs basis reflecting cash expenses. Returns over cash expenses is
interpreted as return to land, labor, capital and management.






4


This report is intended to inform agricultural producers about the
variable costs of production associated with the selected enterprises.
Even though these budgets are not current, they document production
during a specific time period and serve as a guide for individuals to
prepare their own production budgets. ProperTy prepared budgets are
valuable decision-making tools for agricultural producers.



































BUDGETS AND LABOR REQUIREMENTS
FOR SELECTED FIELD CROP ENTERPRISES
IN NORTH AND WEST FLORIDA, 1977








Table --1. Estimated cost and return of producing one
North and West Florida, 1977


acre of corn,


Item Unit Quantity Price Value


I. Revenue

II. Cash expense

Seed

Fertilizer

5-10-15

Nitrogen

Lime

Insecticide


cwt

lb

ton

lb

lb

hr

mile

mile

hr

hr


Herbicide

Tractor (70 hp)

Truck, pickup

Truck, 2-ton

Combine

Other Machinery

Total cash expenses


75.00



12.00



S5.50

125.00

0.33

15.00

4.00

2.21

20.00

20.00

0.40

2.21


1.60 120.00 .


0.70



5.30

0.24

"16.00

0.59

2.58

3.60

0.07

0.11

8.54

1.14


IIT. Return over cash expenses


8.40



29.15

30.00

5.28

8.85

10.32

7.96

1.40

2.20

3.42

2.52

109.50

10.50


SOURCE: [14]









Table --2. Estimated cost and return of producing one acre of corn
under irrigation, North and West Florida, 1977


Item Unit Quantity Price Value


I. Revenue bu 110.00 1.60 176.00

II. Cash expenses

Seed lb 15.00 0.70 10.50

Fertilizer

5-10-15 cwt 8.00 5.30 42.40

Nitrogen lb 150.00 0.24 36.00

Lime ton 0.33 16.00 5.28

Insecticide lb 15.00 0.59 8.85

Herbicide lb 4.00 2.58 10.32

Tractor (70 hp) hr 2.21 3.60 7.96

Truck, pickup mile .20.00 0.07 1.40

Truck, 2-ton mile 20.00 0.11 2.20

Other machinery hr 2.21 1.14 2.52

Combine hr 0.40 8.54 3.42

Irrigation costs acre 1.00 12.30 12.30

Total cash expenses 143.15

III. Return over cash expenses 32.85


SOURCE: [14].




8


Table --3. Estimated cost and return of producing one acre of peanuts,
North and 'Jest Florida, 1977


Item Unit Quantity Price Value


I. Revenue lb 3100.00 0.207 641.70

II. Cash expenses

Seed lb 90.00 0.44 39.60

Fertilizer

4-12-12 cwt 5.00 5.30 26.50

Lime ton 1.00 16.00 16.00

Land Plaster cwt 6.00 1.50 9.00

Herbicide acre 1.00 21.25 21.25

Insecticide acre 1.00 23.32 23.32

Fungicide gal 1.25 28.75 32.34

Spraying (air) acre 1.00 2.00 2.00

Tractor (70 hp) hr 3.71 3.60 13.36

Tractor (40 hp) hr 2.54 1.83 4.65

Other machinery hr 6.25 1.26 7.87

Truck, pickup mile 40.00 0.07 2.80

Truck, 2-ton mile 20.00 0.11 2.20

Hauling acre 1.00 6.74 6.74

Drying & cleaning ton 1.50 19.13 28.69

Peanut commission ton 1.50 1.00 1.50

Total cash expenses 237.82

III. Return over cash expenses 403.88


SOURCE: [14].








Table --4. Estimated cost and return of producing one acre of soybeans,
North and West Florida, 1977


Item Unit Quantity Price Value


I. Revenue bu 24.00 5.50 132.00

II. Cash expenses

Seed bu 1.00 12.00 12.00

Innoculant pkg 1.00 0.90 0.90

Lime ton 0.33 16.00 5.28

Fertilizer cwt 5.00 5.30 26.50

Herbicide lb 3.00 4.27 12.81

Insecticide lb 2.50 1.85 4.62

Spraying (air) acre 1.00 2.00 5.00

Tractor (70 hp) hr 2.21 3.60 7.96

Truck, pickup mile 20.00 0.07 1.40

Truck, 2-ton mile 20.00 0.11 2.20

Combine hr 0.40 8.54 3.46

Other machinery hr 2.21 1.14 2.52

Total cash expenses 84.65

III. Return over cash expenses 47.35


SOURCE: [14].








Table --5. Estimated cost and return of producing one
soybeans, North and West Florida, 1977


acre of late


Item Unit Quantity Price Value


I. Revenue

II. Cash expenses

Seed

Innoculant

Lime

Fertilizer

Herbicide

Insecticide

Spraying (air)

Tractor (70 hp)

Truck, pickup

Truck, 2-ton

Combine

Other machinery

Total cash expenses

III. Return over cash expenses


bu



bu

pkg

ton

cwt

Ib

lb

acre

hr

mile

mile

hr

hr


20.00



1.00

1.00

S0.33

5.00

3.00

2.50

1.00

2.21

20.00

20.00

0.40

2.21


5.50 110.00


12.00

0.90

16.00

5.30

4.27

1.85

2.00

3.60

0.07

0.11

8.54

1.14


12.00

0.90

5.28

26.50

12.81

4.62

5.00

7.96

1.40

2.20

3.46

2.52

84.65

25.35


SOURCE: [14].








Table --6. Estimated growing costs for producing one acre of flue-
cured tobacco, North and West Florida, 1977

Item Unit Quantity Price Value


Cash expenses
Plant beds
Custom fumigate sq yd 75.00 0.21 15.75
Fertilizer cwt 0.75 5.90 4.43
Seed oz 0.11 20.00 2.20
Nitrate of soda (16-0-0) cwt 0.04 9.50 0.38
Fungicide each --. --- 7.44
Insecticide each --- --- 0.50
Tractor (40 hp) hr 1.05 1.83 1.92
Equipment hr 1.05 0.65 0.68
Irrigation hr 0.30 1.50 0.45
Labor hired hr 1.50 2.50 3.75
Field operations
Nematicide gal 10.00 3.18 31.80
Fertilizer (4-8-12) cwt 18.00 6.00 108.00
Potassium nitrate (13-0-44) cwt 1.50 10.00 15.00
Lime cwt 4.00 0.80 3.20
Herbicide acre 1.00 16.00 16.00
Insecticides acre 1.00 66.79 69.77
Sucker control
Systemic gal 1.00 14.00 14.00
Contact gal 3.50 11.25 39.38
Fuel, curing (LP gas) gal 375.00 0.38 142.50
Electricity acre 1.00 40.00 40.00
Insurance acre 1.00 60.00 60.00
Irrigation hr 7.80 4.25 33.15
Tractor (70 hp) hr 1.90 3.60 6.84
Tractor (40 hp) hr 6.12 1.83 11.20
Other machinery hr 8.02 0.68 5.47
Truck, pickup mile 500.00 0.07 35.00
Labor hired
Plant pulling hr 8.00 2.25 18.00
Transplanting hr 6.40 2.25 14.40
Topping hr 10.00 2.25 22.50
Sheeting hr 10.40 2.25 23.40
Sheets each 3.25 2.40 7.80

Total cash expenses (growing) 754.91


SOURCE: 114].








Table --7.


Estimated cost and return of growing and conventionally harvest-
ing one acre of flue-cured tobacco, North Florida, and West Florida,
1977 /


Item Unit Quantity Price Value


Revenue

Cash expenses

Harvest (conventional)

Tractor (70 hp)

Tractor (40 hp)

Trailers

Priming aide


Labor hired

Tractor operator

Priming & racking


Conventional harvest cash expenses

Cash expenses (growing) acre

Marketing charge dol

Total cash expenses


III. Return over cash expenses


lb 2100.00


3.00

9.00

18.00

9.00


10.35

54.47




1.0

2520.00


1.20 2520.00


3.60

1.83

0.17

0.27


2.50

2.50




754.91

0.03


10.80

16.47

3.06

2.43


25.87

136.18


194.81

754.91

75.60

1025.32


1494.68


SOURCE: [14].








Table --8. Estimated cost and return of growing and mechanically harvest-
ing one acre of flue-cured tobacco, North and West Florida, 1977


Item Unit Quantity Price Value


I. Revenue lb 2100.00 1.20 2520.00

II. Cash expenses

Harvest (mechanical)

Combine hr 6.00 3.10 18.00

Tractor (40 hp) hr 6.00 1.83 10.98

Trailers hr 18.00 0.17 3.05


Labor

Combine operator hr 6.90 2.50 17.25

Tractor driver hr 6.90 2.50 17.25

Barn labor hr 24.00 2.25 54.00


Mechanical harvest cash expenses 121.13

Cash expenses (growing) acre 1.00 754.91 754.91

Marketing charge dol 2520.00 0.03 75.60


Total cash expenses 951.64


III., Return over cash expenses 1568.36


SOURCE: [14].








Table --9. Estimated cost and return of producing one
North and West Florida, 1977


acre of wheat,


Itemr Unit Quantity Price Value


I. Revenue

II. Cash expenses


bu 29.00


bu

ton


Seed

Lime

Fertilizer

4-12-12

Nitrogen

Tractor (70 hp)

Truck, pickup

Truck, 2-ton

Combine


cwt

lb

hr

mile

mile

hr


Other machinery

Total cash expenses

III. Return over cash expenses


1.50

0.33



6.00

50.00

1.14

20.00

20.00

0.40

1.14


SOURCE: [14].


2.20


7.50

16.00



5.30

0.25

3.60

0.07

0.11

8.54

1.14


63.80


11.25

5.28



31.80

12.50

4.10

1.40

2.20

3.42

1.30

73.25

-10.25


- ~" ~"'' """""











Table --10. Nonirrigated corn: monthly labor, tractor and combine requirements per acre, North and West
Florida, 1977


Labor Tractor Combine
Operations Times
Mar Apr May Aug Total Mar Apr May Total Oct Total

- Hours -Hours - Hours -

Disc 1 .30 .30 ..26 .26

Plow 1 .55 .55 .48 .48

Disc, apply herbi-
cide, disc (apply
herbicide ahead
of first disc) 1 .60 .60 .52 .52

Plant 1 .38 .38 .33 .33

Cultivate 2 .72 .72 .62 .62

Harvest 1 .46 .46 .40 .40

Haul 1 .23 .23


Total 1.45 .38 .72 .69 3.24 1,26 .33 .62 2.21 .40 .40


SOURCE: [12].













Table --11. Irrigated corn: monthly labor, tractor and combine requirements per acre, North and West
Florida, 1977


Labor Tractor Combine
Operations Times
Mar Apr May Aug Total Mar Apr May Total Oct Total

-- Hours - -Hours - Hours-

Disc I .30 .30 ..26 .26

Plow 1 .55 .55 .48 .48

Disc, apply
herbicide, disc 1 .60 .60 .52 .52

Plant 1 .38 .38 .33 .33

Cultivate 2 .72 .72 .62 .62

Harvest 1 .58 .58 .50 ,50

Haul 1 .23 .23


Total 1.45 .38 .72 .81 3.36 1.26 .33 .62 2.21 .50 .50

SOURCE: [12].









Table --12. Peanuts: monthly labor and tractor requirements per acre, North and West Florida, 1977


Operations


Disc (disc in
line)
Disc (disc in
fertilizer)

Plow

Disc (disc in
herbicide)

Plant

Apply herbicide
(cracking stage)
Cultivate

Apply landplaster

Spray fungicide-
insecticide

Invert (dig)

Harvest

Haul (to dryer


Total


SOURCE: [12].


Labor
Times
Mar Apr May Jun Jul Sep Total

S-- -- Hours- -

2
.60 .60

1 .30 .30

1 .55 .55


.60

.38

.48

.72

.37

.92

1.15
1.15

S.69

1.45 .98 .43 .72 1.29 2.99


.60

.38

.48

.72

.37

.92

1.15

1.15

.69

7.91


Large tractor

Mar Apr. May Jun Sep Total

- - Hours - --


.52 .52

.26 .26.

.48 .48

.52 .52

.33 .33


1.00 1.00


1.25 .52 .33 .62 1.00


Small tractor


May Jul Sep Total

S- Hours -


1.00 1.00


3.73 .42 1.12 1.00


2.54


- ~I -- ---- ---`--














Table --13. Soybeans: monthly labor, tractor and combine requirements per acre, North and West Florida,
1977


Labor Tractor Combine
Operations Times
Apr May Jun Oct Total Apr May Jun Total Oct Total

S- -- Hours - - Hours - Hours -

Disc 1 .30 ..30 .26 .26

Plow 1 .55 .55 .48 .48

Disc, apply
herbicide, disc 1 .60 .60 .52 .52

Plant 1 .38 .38 .33 .33

Cultivate 2 .72 .72 .62 .62

Harvest 1 .46 .46 .40 .40

Haul 1 .12 .12


Total 1.45 .38 .72 .58 3.13 1.26 .33 .62 2.21 .40 .40
,,, `,


SOURCE: [12].












Table --14. Late soybeans:
Florida, 1977


monthly labor, tractor and combine requirements per acre, North and West


Labor Tractor Combine

Operations Times
Jun Jul Aug Nov Total Jun Jul Aug Total Nov Total


Disc

Plow

Disc, apply
herbicide, disc

Plant

Cultivate

Harvest

Haul


- - Hours - -

.30 .30

.55 .55


.60

.38

.72

.46

.12


- ---Hours -

.26 .26

.48 .48


- Hours -


.52

.33

.62


.40


1.45 .38 .72 .58 3.13


1.26 .33 .62


SOURCE: [121.


Total


2.21


.40













Table --15.


Flue-cured tobacco plant bed: monthly labor and tractor requirements per plant bed
(75 sq yd/acre), North and West Florida, 1977


Labor Small tractor
Operations Times
Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr Total Dec Jan Feb Mar Total

- - Hours - - -- Hours - -

Plant bed

Disc 2 .24 .24 .20 .20
Plow 1 .35 .35 .30 .30
Disc 1 .12 .12 .10 .10
Fertilizer, spread 1 .06 .06 .05 .05
Disc 1 .12 .12 .10 .10
Fumigate (custom) 1 -- -- --
Remove plastic 1 .50 .50
Sow beds 1 2.00 2.00
Replace plastic 1 1.00 1.00
Daily care 1.40 1.55 2.95
Pull weeds 1 2.00 2.00
Top dress 1 .25 .25
Irrigate 6 .10 .05 .10 .05 .30
Spray (fungicide and
insecticide) 6 .09 .09 .09 .27 .02 .02 .02 .06

Total .89 3.69 1.54 3.99 ,05 10.16 .75 .02 .02 .02 .81


aHired labor for these operations.


SOURCE: [12].











Table --16.


Flue-cured tobacco field operations:a
North and West Florida, 1977


monthly labor and tractor requirements per acre,b


Labor Large tractor Small tractor
Operations Times
Feb Mar Apr May Total Feb Mar Total Mar Apr May Total

- Hours - Hours - Hours -

Disc 2 .60 .60 .52 .52
Plow 1 .55 .55 .48 .48
Disc 1 .30 .30 .26 .26
Apply nematicide and
herbicide and disc 1 .30 .30 .26 .26
Apply fertilizer and
bed 1 .78 .78 .68 .68
Pull plants 1 8.00 8.00
Transplant 1 1.84 1.84 1.60 1.60
Cultivate 2 .69 .69 1.38 .60 .60 1.20
Side dress 1 .69 .69 .60 .60

Total 1.15 1.38 10.53 1.38 14.44 1.00 .52 1.52 .68 2.20 1.20 4.08

aNot including harvest operations.

b 1/4 acres of land for 1 acre of tobacco.

CHired labor for these operations.


SOURCE: [12].














Table --17. Flue-cured tobacco harvest: monthly labor, tractor and mechanical harvest requirements per
acre, North and West Florida, 1977


Labor Large tractor Small tractor Mechanical harvester
Operations Times
Jun Jul Aug Total Jun Jul Aug Total Jun Jul Aug Total Jun :ul Aug Total

S- Hours - - Hours *- Hours Hours .- .
Conventional
harvesta
Pick and rack 6 20.45 33.63 10.23 61.35 3.00 4.50 1.50 9.00
Haul to barn 6 1.15 1.73 .53 .3.46 1.00 1.50 .50 :3.00
Total .21.60 32.41 10.81 64.82 1.00 1.50 .50 3.00. 3.00 4.50 1.50 9.CO

Mechanical
harvest
Combining .2.30 3.45 1.15 6.90 2.00 3.00 1.00C 6.00
Hauling to
barn 2,30 3.45 '1.15 6.90 2.00 3.00 1.CO 5.00
Racking and
loading barn 8.00 12.00 4.00 24.00

Total 12.60 1B.90 6.30 37.80 2.00 3.00 1.00 6.00 2.00 3.00 1.00 6.00

aHarvest operations use hired labor.

SOURCE [12].












Table --18, Wheat: monthly labor, tractor and combine requirements per acre, North and
West Florida, 1977


Labor Tractor- Combine
Operations Times
Oct Nov May Total Oct Nov Total May Total

- Hours - Hours Hours -

Disc 1 .30 .30 .26 .26

Plow 1 .55 .55 .48 .48

Plant 1 .46 .46 .40 .40

Harvest 1 .46 .46 .40 .40

Haul 1 .09 .09


Total .85 .46 .55 1.86 .74 .40 1.14 .40 .40

SOURCE: [12].



































BUDGETS, LABOR REQUIREMENTS AND
NUTRITIONAL VALUES FOR SELECTED FORAGE PRODUCTION
IN NORTH AND WEST FLORIDA, 1977









Table --19. Estimated establishment cost for one acre of Argentina Bahia
pasture from cropland in North and Uest Florida, 1977a


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expense

Land preparation acre 1.00 3.13 3.13

Fertilizer

5-10-15c cwt 4.00 5.00 20.00

Nitrogenc lb 40.00 0.24 9.60

Limec ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

Seeding

Seed lb 15.00 0.85 12.75

Drilling acre 1.00 5.25 5.25

Mowing acre 1.00 2.94 2.94

Spraying

Material, 2-4D lb 0.50 1.90 0.95

Application acre 1.00 1.75 1.75

Tractor hr 1.75 3.60 6.30

Equipment hr 1.75 1.14 2.00

Labor hr 2.00 3.00 6.00


Total cash expenses 76.00

production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCustom disking.

CCost spread.

SOURCE: [9].








Table --20. Estimated establishment cost for one acre of Argentine Bahia
pasture from range in North and West Florida, 1977a


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A

Cash expense
Land clearing acre 1.00 225,00 225.00

Disking acre 1.00 3.13 3.13

Fertilizer

5-10-15C cwt 4.00 5.00 20.00

Nitrogenc lb 40.00 0.24 9.60

Limec ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

Seeding

Seed lb 15.00 0.85 12.75

Drilling acre 1.00 5.25 5.25

Mowing acre 1.00 2.94 2.94

Spraying

Material, 2-4D lb 0.50 1.90 0.95

Application acre 1.00 1.75 1.75

Tractor hr 1.75 3.60 6.30

Equipment hr 1.75 1.14 2.00

Labor hr 2.00 3.00 6.00


Total cash expenses 301.00

production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.
bCustom--stump, root rake and heavy disking.

CCost spread.

SOURCE: [9].





27


Table --21. Estimated growing cost
Bahia pasture in North


for one acre of established
and !lest Florida, 1977a


Argentina


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expenses

Fertilizer

5-10-15b cwt 6.00 5.00 30.00

Nitrogenb lb 150.00 0.24 36.00
b '
Lime ton 0.33 16.00 5.33



Total cash expenses 73.40


production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCost spread.

SOURCE: [9].









Table --22. Estimated establishment cost for one acre of Coastal Bermuda
pasture from cropland in North and West Florida, 1977a


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expenses

Land preparation acre 1.00 3.13 3.13

Fertilizer

5-10-15c cwt 4.00 5.00 20.00

Nitrogenc lb 60.00 0.24 9.60

Limec ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

Plant

Material acre 1.00 18.00 18.00

Custom plant acre 1.00 40.00 40.00

Mowing acre 1.00 2.94 2.94

Spraying

Material, 2-4D lb 0.50 1.90 0.95

Application acre 1.00 1.75 1.75

Tractor hr 1.75 3.60 6.30

Equipment hr 1.75 1.14 2.00

Labor hr 2.00 3.00 6.00


Total cash expenses 116.00

production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCustom heavy disking.

CCost spread.

SOURCE: [91.








Table --23. Estimated establishment cost for one
pasture from range in North and Uest


acre of Coastal
Florida, 1977a


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expenses

Land clearing

Disking

Fertilizer

5-10-1 5C

Nitrogenc

Lime

Plant

Material

Custom plant

Mowing

Spraying

Material, 2-4D

Application

Tractor

Equipment

Labor



Total cash expenses


acre

acre



cwt

lb

ton



acre

acre

acre



lb

acre

hr

hr

hr


1.00

1.00



4.00

60.00

0.33



1.00

1.00

1.00



0.50

1.00

1.75

1.75

2.00


aProduction yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCustom--stump, root rake and heavy disking.

CCost spread.

SOURCE: [9].


Bermuda


225.00

3.13



5.00

0.24

16.00



18.00

40.00

2.94



1.90

1.75

3.60

1.14

3.00


225.00

3.13



20.00

9.60

5.33



18.00

40.00

2.94



0.95

1.75

6.30

2.00

6.00



341.00


--i"---









Table --24. Estimated growing cost for one acre of established Coastal
Bermuda pasture in North and West Florida, 1977a


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A

Cash expense

Fertilizer

5-I0-15b cwt 6.00 5.00 30.00

Nitrogenb lb 150.00 0.24 36.00

Limeb ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

Machineryc --- 2.07


Total cash expenses 73.40


production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCost spread.

CSod slightly disturbed by straight set disk.

SOURCE: [91.








Table --25. Estimated growing cost for one acre of
pasture and ryegrass in North and West


Argentina Bahia
Florida, 1977a


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A

Cash expenses

Fertilizer

5-I0-15t cwt 5.00 5,00. 30.00

Nitrogen lb 150.00 .0.24 36.00

Limeb ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

Seed lb .30.00 0.40 12.00

Fertilizer cwt 4.00 5.00 20.00

Nitrogenb lb 100.00 0.24 24.00

Machinery -- 2.07


Total cash expenses 129.40

production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCost spread.

CSod slightly disturbed by straight set disk.

SOURCE: 191.








Table --26. Estimated growing cost for one acre of Argentina Bahia
pasture and arrowleaf clover in North and 'est Florida, 1977a


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expenses

Fertilizer

5-10-15b cwt 6.00 5.00 30.00

Nitrogenb lb 150.00 '0.24 36.00

Limeb ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

Seed lb 8.00 2.00 16.00

Fertilizerb cwt 5.00 5.00 25.00

Machineryc -- --- -- 2.07

Total cash expenses 114.40

production yeild is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bcost spread.

CSod slightly disturbed by straight set disk.

SOURCE: 191.





33


Table --27. Estimated growing cost for one acre
North and West Florida, 1977a


of arrowleaf clover in


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expenses

Clover seed lb 8.00 2.00 16.00
Limeb ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

Fertilizer

-4-14b cwt 8.00 5.00 40.00

Machinery -- -- 6.21


Total cash expenses 67.54


aProduction yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.
bCost spread.

SOURCE: 191








Table --28. Estimated growing cost for one acre of sorghum-tudangrass
in North and West Florida, 1977a

Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expenses

Seed

Fertilizer

4-12-12b

Nitrogenb

Limeb

Tractor and
machinery



Total cash expenses


Ib



cwt

Ib

ton


hr


30.00



4.00

90.00

0.33


0.38



5.00

0.24

16.00


11.40



20.00

21.60

5.33


5.80



64.13


production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCost spread.

SOURCE: [9].









Table --29. Estimated growing cost for one acre of
Florida, and 'lest Florida, 1977a


millet in North


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expenses

Seed lb 30.00 0.38 11.40

Fertilizer

4-12-12b cwt 4.00 5.00 20.00

Nitrogenb lb 90.00 0.24 21.60

Limeb ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

Tractor and
machinery hr -- 5.80



Total cash expenses 64.13


production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCost spread.

SOURCE: [9].









Table --30. Estimated growing cost
Florida. 1977a


for one acre of rye in North and West


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expenses

Rye seed bu 2.00 7.25 14.50

Limeb ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

Fertilizer

5-10-15b cwt 5.00 5.00 25.00

Nitrogen lb 75.00 0.24 18.00

Machinery -- -- 6.21


Total cash expenses 69.04

production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCost spread.

SOURCE: [9].









Table --31. Estimated growing cost for one acre
and West Florida. 1977a


of ryegrass in North


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A

Cash expenses

Ryegrass seed Ib 30.00 0.40 12.00

Limeb ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

Fertilizer

5-10-15b cwt 5.00 5.00 25.00

Nitrogenb lb 75.00 0.24 18.00

Machinery -- -- -- 6.21


Total cash expenses 66.54

production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCost spread.

SOURCE: [9].








Table --32. Estimated growing cost for one acre
North and West Florida, 1977a


of rye-ryegrass in


Item Unit -*Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expenses

Rye seed bu 1.50 7.25 10.88

Ryegrass seed Ib 20.00 0.40 8.00

Limeb ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

.Fertilizer

5-10-15b cwt 5.00 5.00 25.00

Nitrogenb b 75.00 0.24 18.00

Machinery -- -- 6.21


Total cash expenses 73.42


production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCost spread.

SOURCE: [9].





39


Table --33. Estimated growing cost for one acre
in North and '.est Florida, 1977a


of rye-ryegrass-clover


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expenses

Rye seed bu 1.00 7.25 7.25

Ryegrass seed lb 15.00 0.20 3.00

Arrowleaf clover
seed lb 6.00 2.00 12.00

Limeb ton 0.33 16.00 5.33

Fertilizer

5-0-5b cwt 7.00 5.00 35.00

Nitrogenb Ib 25.00 0.24 6.00

Machinery -- -- -- 6.21



Total cash expenses 74.79

production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCost spread.

SOURCE: [9].








Table --34. Estimated growing cost
Florida, 1977a


of wheat pasture in North and West


Item Unit Quantity Price Cost/A


Cash expenses

Seed bu 1.50 7.50 '11.25

Limeb ton 0.33 16.00 5.28

Fertilizer

4-12-12b cwt 6.00 5.30 31.80

Nitrogenb lb 50.00 0.25 12.50

Tractor hr 1.14 3.60 4.10

Truck, pickup mile 20.00 0.07 1.40

Machinery hr 1.14 1.14 1.30


Total cash expenses 67.63

production yield is presented in Tables 36 and 37.

bCost spread.

SOURCE: [91.








Table --35. Estimated hours of labor per acre required for maintaining
selected forage crops by month, North and West Florida,
1977


Crop May Jul Aug Sep Oct Total


Corn stubble grazing 0

Wheat stubble grazing 0

Coastal Bermuda pasture .25 .25

Argentina Bahia pasture .25 .25

Argentina Bahia pasture
and clover .25 .5 .75

Winter ryegrass on bahia
sod .5 .5

Winter rye Ea 1.5 1.5

Winter ryegrass Ea 1.5 1.5

Arrowleaf clover 1.5 1.5

Winter rye-ryegrass Ea 1.5 1.5

Millet (pearl) 1.29 1.29

Sorghum-sudangrass 1.29 1.29

Winter rye-ryegrass-clover 1.5 1.5

Wheat pasture 1.5 1.5

Winter rye La 1.5 1.5

Winter ryegrass La 1.5 1.5

Winter rye-ryegrass La .1.5
,, ,, ,,,,,


aE denotes planted early, L denotes planted late.

SOURCE: [5].








Table --36. Estimated production per acre per year of pounds of dry
matter (DM), pounds of digestible protein (DP) and
megacalories of metabolizable energy (ME) for selected
North and West Florida forage crops


DM (%) DP (%) ME (Mcal/1b) Ib/acre/year


Irrigated corn stubble
grazing 100.0 -2.2 .9695 16,617

Corn stubble grazing 100.0 2.2 .9695 11,262

Wheat stubble grazing 100.0 0.4 .961.8 3,451

Coastal Bermuda pasture 100.0 6.6 1.1668 10,240

Argentina Bahia pasture 100.0 4.9 .8545 9,110

Argentina Bahia pasture
and clover 100.0 8.3 .9777 7,270

Winter ryegrass on bahia 100.0 7.4 .9449 11,420

Winter rye Ea 100.0 25.0 1.1668 6,527

Winter ryegrass Ea 100.0 10.0 1.0354 4,723

Arrowleaf clover 100.0 11.7 1.1009 5,220

Winter rye-ryegrass Ea 100.0 17.5 1.1013 7,752

Millet (pearl) 100.0 6.2 1.019 9,960

Sorghum-sudangrass 100.0 12.2 1.15 9,410

Winter rye-ryegrass-clover 100.0 15.6 1.101 8,613

Wheat pasture 100.0 22.2 1.2 5,000

Winter rye La 100.0 25.0 1.1668 6,527

Winter ryegrass La 100.0 10.0 1.0354 4,723

Winter rye-ryegrass La 100.0 17.5 1.1013 7,752

Coastal estimated pasture 100.0 6.6 1.1668 6,758

Argentina estimated pasture 100.0 4.9 .8545 6,013

aE denotes planted early, L denotes planted late.

SOURCES: [1, 4, 11, 13].











Table --37. Estimated monthly percentage yields for selected forage crops, North and West Florida

Total
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Dr e


Irrigated corn
stubblea

Corn stubblea

Wheat stubblea

Coastal Bermuda
pasture

Argentina Bahia
pasture

Argentina Bahia
pasture and
clover

Winter ryegrass
on bahia sod

Winter rye Eb

Winter ryegrass
Eb

Winter ryegrass
and sod

Arrowleaf clover


**

*k **

* ** **k +*


2.92


1.85 3.01 3.01 11.11


1.85


2.60

19.14


20.15


20.15


3.01


3.31

27.64


21.60


21.60


3.01


5.67

29.64


24.45


24.45

34.53


11.11


7.92


17.50


15.05



15.05


13.81


21.66


24.07



24.07


16.82


26.66


15.05



15.05


20.94


12.92


12.04



12.04


10.08


11.66


6.94



6.94


8.99


6.66


3.94



3.94


4.65


3.01



3.01


2.60

10.38


13.95


13.95


16,617

11,262

3,451


10,240


.93 9,110


.93


2.60

13.20


20.85


20.85


26.73. 20.72 18.18


7,270


11,420

6,527


4,723


4,723

5,220








Table --37. Continued

Total
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec DM

Winter rye-
ryegrass Eb 20.87 20.70 25.60 14.50 18.33 7,752

Millet 26.37 29.41 29.41 -8.74 6.08 9,960

Sorghum-
sudangrass 25.77 28.87 28.87 10.31 6.19 9,410

Winter rye-
ryegrass-clover 18.49 14.96 13.76 25.00 9.10 3.27 5.02 10.40 8,613
Wheat pasture 12.00 14.00 24.00 22.00 4.00 13.00 11.00 5,000

Winter rye Lb 13.20 19.14 27.64 29.64 10.38 6,527

Winter ryegrass
Lb 20.85 "20.15 21.60 24.45 13.95 4,723

Winter rye-
ryegrass Lb 18.33 20.87 .20.70 25.60 14.50 7,752

Coastal Bermuda
estimates 2.92 17.50 21.66 26.66 12.92 17.60 6.66 6,758

Argentina Bahia
estimates 1.85 3.01 3.01 11.11 15.05 24.07 15.05 12.04 6.94 3.94 3.01 .93 6,013

aOne asterisk denotes the amount of forage available and two asterisks denote that an amount may be carried
over from the previous time period.
bE denotes planted early, L denotes planted late.
SOURCES: [1, 11, 13].



































BUDGETS AND LABOR REQUIREMENTS
FOR SELECTED BEEF CATTLE ENTERPRISES
IN NORTH AND WEST FLORIDA, 1977





46


Table --38. Estimated monthly labor requirements of cow calf
and backgrounding operations per animal for fence
repair, marketing, routine checking and health
care, North and West Florida


Man-hour/animal unit
Month
Cow calf Backgrounding


January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December


0.252

0.292

0.332

0.292

0.252

0.252

0.252

0.292

0.332

0.292

0.252

0.252


0.188

0.188

0.188

0.188

0.188

0.188

0.188

0.188

0.188

0.188

0.188

0.188


SOURCE: [7].


I








Table --39. Estimated annual cost of cow calf enterprise per animal unit
for specified items of expense, North and West Florida, 1977


Item Description Unit Quantity Price Value


Cash expenses

Salt & mineral

Vet. supplies


Repairs


Miscellaneous

Taxes



Bull service


40#/AU/yr

Med., vac.,
insect.

Buildings &
fences

Dragging pastures

Personal property
tax on
livestock

Purchase and
maintain


lb 40.00


hd 1.00


1.00
1.00


hd 1.00


hd 1.00


0.08 3.20


3.50 3.50


2.00

1.00


2.00

1.00


0.50 0.50


8.20 8.20


18.40


Total cash expenses


SOURCE: [16]..


-------~-





48


Table --40. Estimated annual cost of stocker operation per animal for
specified items of expense, North and West Florida, 1977


Item


Cash expenses

Salt & mineral

Vet. supplies


Repairs


Miscellaneous

Taxes


Description


40#/AU/yr

Med., vac.,
insect.

Buildings &
fences

Transportation

Personal property
tax


Unit Quantity Price Value


30.00


1.00


1.00

1.00


1.00


0.08


3.00


2.00

1.00


0.50


2.40


3.00


2.00

1.00


0.50


Total cash expenses 9.00


SOURCE: [15].






































MISCELLANEOUS SUPPORTING MATERIAL









Table--41. Annual average product prices, Florida, 1973-1977.


Product 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 Unit


Corn

Peanuts

Wheat

Soybeans

Tobacco

Steer calf

Heifer calf

Yearling steer

Yearling heifer

Replacement cow
dry

Replacement cow
lactating

Cull cow dry

Cull cow
lactating


2.55

0.164

2.60

5.65

0.880

0.4111

0.3940

0.4726

0.4433


0.3726


0.2779

0.3553


3.30

0.18

3.80

7.30

1.01

0.3121

0.2943

0.3018

0.2948


2.70

0.199

3.10

4.40

0.975

0.2792

0.2495

0.2306

0.1846


2.60

0.204

3.00

7.00

1.095

0.3169

0.2911

0.3148

0.2604


1.60

0.207

2.20

5.50

1.20

0.3260

0.2988

0.3309

0.2743


0.2704 0.1753 0.2429 0.2434


0.1987

0.2797


0.1304

0.2249


0.1961

0.2847


0.2006

0.2740


0.3029 0.2278 0.1685 0.2245 0.2273


SOURCES: [2,









Table --42. Man-equivalent hours of operator labor available by months,
1977


Full-time farm operator

Month Number of
work days Number of Total hours
hours per day per month


January 26 8 208

February 24 8 192

March 26 8 208

April 26 9 234

May 26 9 234

June 26 10 260

July 26 10 260

August 26 10 260

September 26 10 260

October 26 9 234

November 26 9 234

December 26 8 208


Total 310 2792


SOURCE: [5].







REFERENCES


[1] Agronomy Department, University of Florida. Florida Field and Forage
Crop Variety Report 1977, Agronomy Research Report Ag 78-8,
University of Florida, Gainesville, 1977.

[2] Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Florida
Agricultural Statistics--Field Crops Summary, 1977, Florida Crop
and Livestock Reporting Service, Orlando, 1977.

[3] Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Florida
Agricultural Statistics--Livestock Summary, 1977, Florida Crop
and Livestock Reporting Service, Orlando, 1977.

[43 Heath, M. E., D. S. Metcalfe and R. F. Barnes. Forages--The Science
of Grassland Agriculture, Third Edition; The Iowa State Univer-
sity Press, Ames, 1975.

[5] Huddleston, J. S. and R. G. Kline. Minimum Resource Requirements and
Related Optimum Enterprise Combination for Specific Income Levels
for the Cash Grain Area of Northeastern Virginia, Virginia
Polytechnic Institute, Research Division, Bulletin 24, Blacksburg,
July 1969.

[6] James, Sydney (ed). Midwest Farm Planning Manual, Iowa State Univer-
sity Press, Ames, 1973.

[7] Lanpher, Harry and A. R. Hogan. "Beef Cattle Labor Requirements,"
Agricultural Experiment Station Special Report No. 45, University
of Missouri, Columbia, 1964.

[8] Melton, Bryan E. "Nutrient Requirements and Least-Cost Supplement
Rations for Florida Beef Cow Herds," University of Florida, Food
and Resource Economics Department, Economics Report 94,
Gainesville, December 1978.

[9] Otte, J. A., G. 0. Westberry, B. Abbitt and P. Mislevy.. "The Costs of
Producing Forages for Grazing, Greenchopping and Hay," guidelines
prepared for the Food and Resource Economics Department, 1978.

[10] Prevatt, J. Walter. Optimal Farm Resource Organization for North and
West Florida: An Application of Dynamic-Linear Programming, Unpub-
lished M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, 1979.

[11] Ruelke, 0. Charles and Gordon M. Prine. "Performance of Six Hybrid
Bermuda Grasses, Pangola Digitgrass, and Pensacola Bahia Grass at
Three Fertility Levels in North Central Florida," Proceedings
from Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida, 31:68-71, 1971.

[12] Soliz-Valarezo, Romulo. "Optimum Farm Plans to Meet Changing Condi-
tions on North and West Florida Crop Farms." Unpublished Master's
thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, 1976.







[13] Stanley, R. L., Jr. "Forage Production of Rye, Ryegrass and Arrowleaf
Clover Mixtures in Response to Seeding Rate," Proceedings from
Soil and Crop Sciences Society of Florida, 38:68-71, 1971.

[14] Westberry, George. "Field Crop Budgets for North Florida," unpub-
lished material prepared for the Food and Resource Economics
Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, 1977.

[15] Westberry, George and Dan L. Gunter. "The Costs and Returns of
Grazing Stocker Calves on Annual Pastures in North Florida, 1976,"
Economic Information Report 62, Food and Resource Economics De-
partment, Gainesville, 1976.

[16] Westberry, George, J. A. Otte, D. L. Gunter and B. Abbitt. "Budgeting
Beef Cattle Decisions," Food and Resource Economics Department
Newsletter, Fact Sheet 13, University of Florida, Gainesville,
1977.




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