• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Copyright
 Title Page
 Abstract
 Acknowledgement
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Introduction
 Population statistics
 Crops produced
 Land use
 Economic data
 Summary
 Appendix A
 Reference






Group Title: Economic information report 217
Title: Data on selected Caribbean Basin Initiative countries
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027272/00001
 Material Information
Title: Data on selected Caribbean Basin Initiative countries
Series Title: Economic information report
Physical Description: <59> p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Isaacson, Bruce, 1955-
Clouser, R. L ( Rodney L )
Fairchild, Gary F
Publisher: Food & Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1985
 Subjects
Subject: Vegetable trade -- Statistics -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruit industry -- Statistics -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Contains bibliographical references (p. 59).
Statement of Responsibility: Bruce Isaacson, Rodney Clouser, Gary Fairchild.
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: "December 1985."
Funding: Economic information report (Gainesville, Fla.) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027272
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001599915
oclc - 23257674
notis - AHM4085

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgement
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Population statistics
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Crops produced
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Land use
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Economic data
        Page 29
        Bahamas
            Page 30
        Barbados
            Page 31
        Costa Rica
            Page 31
        Dominican Republic
            Page 32
        El Salvador
            Page 33
        Guatemala
            Page 33
        Guyana
            Page 34
        Honduras
            Page 34
        Jamaica
            Page 35
        Panama
            Page 35
        Surinam
            Page 36
        Trinidad and Tobago
            Page 36
            Page 37
            Page 38
            Page 39
            Page 40
            Page 41
            Page 42
            Page 43
            Page 44
            Page 45
            Page 46
            Page 47
            Page 48
            Page 49
            Page 50
            Page 51
            Page 52
    Summary
        Page 53
    Appendix A
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
    Reference
        Page 59
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida





Bruce Isaacson
Rodney Clouser
Gary Fairchild


Economic Information
Report 217


Data on


Selected


Caribbean


Basin Initiative Countries


Food and Resource Economics Department
Agricultural Experiment Stations
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville 32611


December 1985












ABSTRACT


The CBI, or Caribbean Basin Recovery Act, is a program

of trade, economic assistance and tax measures designed to

promote economic growth in the region. Elements of the CBI

are discussed and information on specific Caribbean

countries are presented. Data included in the report are

crops produced, land use, crop production levels, and

socio-economic characteristics of the countries.







Keywords: CBI, Caribbean Basin Initiative, land use,

crops, socio-economic data.














ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The authors wish to acknowledge the efforts of Ms. Gwen McCann who
typed numerous drafts of the manuscript. In addition, Ms. McCann and
Ms. Berenda Williams were responsible for formatting all tables contained
in the manuscript, as well as verifying the accuracy of the data in the
tr.bles.












ABSTRACT


The CBI, or Caribbean Basin Recovery Act, is a program

of trade, economic assistance and tax measures designed to

promote economic growth in the region. Elements of the CBI

are discussed and information on specific Caribbean

countries are presented. Data included in the report are

crops produced, land use, crop production levels, and

socio-economic characteristics of the countries.







Keywords: CBI, Caribbean Basin Initiative, land use,

crops, socio-economic data.














ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The authors wish to acknowledge the efforts of Ms. Gwen McCann who
typed numerous drafts of the manuscript. In addition, Ms. McCann and
Ms. Berenda Williams were responsible for formatting all tables contained
in the manuscript, as well as verifying the accuracy of the data in the
tr.bles.






















TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page


LIST OF TABLES . . .


INTRODUCTION . . .


POPULATION STATISTICS . .

CROPS PRODUCED . .

LAND USE ...........

ECONOMIC DATA . . .


* 20

. 29


Bahamas . .
Barbados . .
Costa Rica .
Dominican Republic
El Salvador. .
Guatemala .
Guyana ......
Honduras .. ..
Jamaica. . .
Panama . .
Surinam ..
Trinidad and Tobago


SUMMARY .........

APPENDIX A . .


. 53

S. 54




















LIST OF TABLES


Table


1 Population in thousands .

2 Crops produced in Caribbean

3 Orange production (1000 MT)

4 Sugar production (100 MT)

5 Tomato production . .

6 Cabbage production .

7 Carrot production . .

8 Potato production .. ...

9 Land use (1000 HA). .

LO Statistical Profile: Antig

Li Statistical Profile: Baham;

L2 Statistical Profile: Barba

L3 Statistical Profile: Costa

L4 Statistical Profile: Domin

L5 Statistical Profile; El Sa

L6 Statistical Profile: Guater

L7 Statistical Profile: Guyana

18 Statistical Profile: Hondu:

19 Statistical Profile: Jamaii

20 Statistical Profile: Panam;


Page

.. . . 7

countries . .. 12

. . . 14

. . . 15

. . . 16

. . . 17

. . . 18

. . . 19

. 22

ua and Barbuda . .. 38

as . . . 39

dos . . . 40

Rica .. ..... 41

ican Republic. ...... 42

Lvador . . 43

nala . ... 44

a. . . ... 45

ras. .... . ... 46

a . . 47

a . . . 48


I




C






2


[






I

1

















Table Page

21 Statistical Profile: Surinam . . ... 49

22 Statistical Profile: Trinidad and Tobago . .. .50

23 The importance of agriculture in the economy (imports
and exports) ................... .. 51

24 CBI eligible countries................. 52

25 U.S. Tariff Rates for Selected Agricultural Products. 55














DATA ON SELECTED CARIBBEAN BASIN INITIATIVE COUNTRIES


Bruce Isaacson, Rodney Clouser, Gary Fairchild



INTRODUCTION



The Caribbean Basin Initative (CBI) was signed into law

by President Reagan in 1983. Since that time it has been of

immense interest to Florida agricultural producers for two

reasons. First, Florida producers are concerned because

many of the Caribbean countries produce agricultural

products that could potentially compete with Florida

commodities. Second, there may be some Florida producers

interested in considering investments in the Caribbean

Region. This publication will not debate the merits of the

CBI. Rather, it will present information on various

Caribbean countries that may be useful as an introduction to

Florida producers interested in the Caribbean Basin.

The CBI, or the Caribbean Basin Recovery Act, is a

program of trade, economic assistance and tax measures

designed to promote economic growth in the region. The

Caribbean Basin includes 27 developing countries in Central

America and the Caribbean. The CBI is designed to expand

productive capacity and open new markets to trade by

combining foreign and indigenous private sector investment

BRUCE ISAACSON, RODNEY CLOSER and GARY FAIRCHILD are Graduate
Assistant in the Center for African Studies, Assistant Professor, and
Associate Professor, respectively, in the Food and Resource Economics
Department, University of Florida.












with the natural resources of Basin countries.

The centerpiece of the legislation is a one-way free

trade offer providing duty-free access to the U.S. market

for a 12 year period, ending September 30, 1995. Nearly all

products exported from Caribbean Basin countries are

eligible for duty-free entry except textiles and apparel,

canned tuna, petroleum and petroleum products, footwear and

certain leather products, watches and watch parts. Sugar

will receive duty-free treatment, but only to the quota

limits currently in force (in order to maintain the U.S.

domestic sugar price support program). Eligible products

must meet rules-of-origin requirements to ensure that the

economic benefits of duty-free treatment accrue to CBI

countries.

Other ma3or elements of the CBI include allowing U.S.

citizens tax deductions for business conventions held in

eligible Basin countries, measures to support the economic

development of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and other

U.S. insular possessions, and economic assistance

appropriations.

Provisions are included for reinstatement of duties if

imports from CBI countries cause damage or threaten to cause

damage to U.S. industries. Perishable agricultural

commodities are provided with a fast-track procedure through

which the duty can be reinstated in 21 days. Perishable

products include certain live plants, fresh mushrooms, fresh











fruit, fresh cut flowers and concentrated citrus fruit juice

as specified in selected sections of the Trade Schedule of

the United States (TSUS).

The CBI will also offer opportunities for direct

investment by U.S. firms for joint ventures, subcontract

manufacturing, licensing and other types of offshore

operations. Among areas which the U.S. Department of

Commerce considers promising for U.S. investment are certain

types of food production and processing, horticulture,

aquaculture, forestry and livestock production.

The principle dutiable agricultural products from Basin

countries which the U.S. Department of Agriculture

(FAS-USDA) anticipates will be entering the U.S. duty-free

are pineapples, orange juice, mangoes (June-August),

pineapple juice, roses, macadamia nuts, limes and fresh

green beans. Other products not now entering U.S. markets in

significant quantities, but which FAS-USDA anticipates will

benefit from duty-free treatment include winter and

midsummer cucumbers, onions, spring tomatoes, asparagus,

broccoli, mushrooms, avocados and papayas.

As is common when collecting economic data, certain

recautions should be taken in the utilization of these

data. Data are more difficult to obtain in developing

countries. In addition, data are often changed or updated

in developing countries. The data in this publication

r-presents the best information available on these countries










in 1984. In addition, data on agriculture and economic

conditions in all countries affected by the CBI are not

available. A complete list of CBI countries is presented in

Table 24 but only countries having sufficient data are

reported in the various sections of this publication.

Finally, the countries referenced in this publication are

those countries included in the CBI as signed into law by

President Reagan and do not refer to a specific geographical

location in the world. In terms of geographical location,

the Caribbean Basin would most likely be defined in much

broader terms.

The remainder of the publication will be divided into

the following areas: crops produced, land use, production

levels, and socio-economic characteristics of the countries.

This format allows Florida producers to become familiar with

crops produced in the CBI region, the land area capable of

being used for production, and the actual output of some

commodities produced in the region. The socio-economic data

will give the reader a general impression of the "economic

well-being" of individual countries. In addition, a table

of U.S. tariff rates for selected agricultural commodities

is presented in Appendix A.






































POPULATION STATISTICS












POPULATION STATISTICS



Population in the Caribbean countries are relatively

small when compared to the U.S. or other major agricultural

production regions. In fact, none of the Caribbean

countries listed in this publication have a population as

large as Florida's. Besides having small populations, most

people are employed in the agricultural sector. While in

the U.S. less than three percent of the population is

employed in the agricultural sector, in the Caribbean

countries employment in agriculture ranges between 20 and 70

percent in general.



















Table 1. Population in thousands.

Economically
---Population--- -----Active Population /--

Percent
Agri- In Agri- in Agri-
Year Total culture/ Total culture3/ culture


BARBADOS






BELIZE






COSTA RICA


DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC






EL SALVADOR






GUATEMALA


1970
1975
1980
1981
1982

1970
1975
1980
1981
1982

1970
1975
1980
1981
1982



1970
1975
1980
1981
1982

1970
1975
1980
1981
1982

1970
1975
1980
1981
1982


239
245
263
266
269

120
140
162
167
171

1732
1965
2213
2266
2319


4523
5231
5947
6095
6247

3582
4143
4797
4938
5082

5353
6243
7262
7481
7704


48
44
43
43
42

41
44
46
46
46

730
757
776
779
781


2770
3070
3336
3386
3437

2045
2247
2465
2508
2552

3263
3618
3985
4058
4130


90
98
112
114
116


224
244
260
262
265


1213
1385
1563
1602
1641

1110
1281
1495
1541
1588


1638
1908
2207
2272
2339


743
813
877
890
903

617
682
754
768
782


999
1106
1211
1233
1254


20.0
18.1
16.4
16.1
15.8

34.1
31.1
28.2
27.7
27.1

42.2
38.5
35.1
34.4
33.7


61.2
58.7
56.1
55.6
55.0

56.1
53.2
50.4
49.8
49.2

61.0
58.0
54.9
54.2
53.6
















continued.


Economically
---Population--- -----Active Population1/--

Percent
Agri- In Agri- in Agri-
Country Year Total culture-/ Total culture-/ culture


GUYANA






HAITI.






HONDURAS






JAMAICA






PANAMA






SURINAM


1970
1975
1980
1981
1982

1970
1975
1980
1981
1982

1970
1975
1980
1981
1982

1970
1975
1980
1981
1982

1970
1975
1980
1981
1982

1970
1975
1980
1981
1982


709
791
883
903
922

4605
5157
5803
5954
6103

2640
3093
3691
3822
3957

1869
2043
2188
2220
2253

1508
1719
1927
1970
2015

371
363
388
397
407


199
196
192
191
190

3416
3638
3870
3916
3963


1755
1997
2310
2376
2444

551
507
453
443
432

624
651
664
665
667

83
72
68
68
68


204
242
288
298
308


2332
2604
2902
2963
3026


807
922
1087
1126
1166

631
676
755
777
800

510
579
647
662
677


92
89
98
101
104


1730
1837
1933
1949
1965


536
595
680
700
720

186
168
156
155
153

211
219
223
224
224


21
18
17
17
18


28.1
24.1
21.7
21.1
20.6


74.2
70.5
66.6
65.8
64.9


66.5
64.6
62.6
62.2
61.8

29.5
24.8
20.7
19.9
19.2

41.4
37.9
34.5
33.8
33.1


22.4
19.9
17.6
17.2
16.8


Table 1,
















Table 1. continued.

Economically 2/
---Population--- -----Active Population----

Percent
Agri- In Agri- in Agri-
Year Total culture- Total culture;/ culture

TRINIDAD and
TOBAGO 1970 1027 191 337 63 18.6
1975 1082 186 379 65 17.2
1980 1168 186 443 71 16.0
1981 1185 186 445 72 15.7
1982 1202 186 468 72 15.5



- Agricultural population is defined as all people who depend on agri-
culture as their livelihood. This includes all people who are
actively engaged in agriculture, as well as their non-working
dependents.

2/
- Economically active population includes all people engaged or seeking
employment in an economic activity. This includes employers, own-
account workers, salaried employees and unpaid workers assisting in
the operation of a family farm or business.

3/
- Economically active population in agriculture is defined as economi-
cally active persons engaged primarily in agriculture, forestry,
hunting or fishing.

Source: 1982 FAO Production Yearbook.
1970 Agricultural statistics of the Caribbean countries, U.N.
Economic Commission for Latin America, Office of the Carib-
bean.

































CROPS PRODUCED












CROPS PRODUCED



The following table lists crops produced, by country,

In the Caribbean region. In total, there are 58 major crops

produced among the CBI countries. Many of the CBI countries

produce crops that could potentially compete with Florida

commodities, with the most notable being vegetables and

citrus.

Various tables also contain production data for

calected commodities that may be of interest to Florida

producers. It should be noted these tables contain output

levels only and comparisons between Caribbean countries'

production efficiency or comparative advantage with the U.S.

cin not be made.


















Table 2. Crops produced in Caribbean countries.


Cereals

Wheat

Rice, Paddy

Barley
Maize

Sorghum

PoLatoes

Sweet Potatoes
Cassava

Beans, Dry

Broad beans, Dry

Peaa, Dry

Chickpeas

Soybeans

Croundnuts in Sihll

Catour Beins'

Sesamne Seed

Seed Cotton

Colton Sued

Coconrits

Copra

Palm Kernels

ialm oil

Cabbage
Tonatoeu

Caiull lower

Pumpkin, Squai.l, (;Gurd


qn Ln .i 0 M A s 0

S0 2 t! 1 1 0 i
r ii .i- U )






x x x x x x x x x x X X X X X x x x x x
x X

X X X X X X X X X X X X


X X X X


x

XXX
X


x
X
X

X X X X X
X


x x
x x x
XX X


Cumculmbers & Gerkin X X
Cotton Lint


X x


x .A
x


x XX XXX
X X

X X XX



x x x x x x

x x x x
K X XX



x

x x x xx x x
X XXX XX A
XXXXXXXX


X x

X X


X
x
x x


x x x x
XXX X




X X X X
X X X X


SX X


K

X X

x x


X x
















Table 2. continued.


Eggplant
Chili & Green Peppers
Dry Onions
Garlic
Green Beans
Carrots
Watermelons
Cantaloupes & Other Helons
Sugar Cane
Sugar, Centrif. Raw
Sugar, Noncentrif.
Apples

Plums
Oranges
Tang., Hand., Clement, Satsuma
Lemons & Limes
Grapefruit & Pomelos
Other Citrus
Apricots
Avocados
Hanigoes
Pineapples
Banana
Plantains
P.ipayas

Caslwws
Coffee, Green
Cocoa Beans
Toliarco Leaves


,i ns u a
0 M
g5~~~~~~~~~~ 3 14 31? i^ @ l^> l
r s 9 1W.1t

yg gs ^ g8 tsa s s ^^e B "c 5>u ip p
14 x x
t4 OZ V VI V




x x x x x x x x
X K X XX X X K
X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X


X X


X X X
X X X


X X
X
I


X X X X




X X X
X
x


XX X


X X
X X X

x x
XX X
X X
Kx x

X X


X X

X X X
X x


XX
X X
X

X X
X
X
x





X


X X
X
x


X X


x
x
XXX

XXX
X X XK

X X X
X


X X
X X


X X


X X
X X
X


X X


x x

XX

SX X
x *x x
X X X






x x x
XXX


x

XXX X
XX X


Source: 1982 FAO Production Yearbook, Vol. 36, Rome, 1983.

















Table 3. Orange production (1000 MT).

-----------------------Yield--------------------
1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983


ANTIGUA BARBUDA -
BAHAMAS
BARBADOS -
BELIZE 37 42* 37 44* 43
BR. VIRGIN ISLAND -
CAYMAN ISLAND -
COSTA RICA 68 75F 76F 77F 78
DOMINICA 2 3F 3F 4F 4F
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 67 71 72F 72F 74
EL SALVADOR 45 99 98F 100F 100
GRENADA 1 1F 1F F -
GUATEMALA -
GUYANA 10 11 11 11F
HAITI 27 29F 30F 30F 31
HONDURAS 26 27 28F 28F 46
JAMAICA 40 43 33* 33* 33
MONTSERRAT -
NETHERLANDS ANTILLES --
PANAMA 62 66 63* 64F 65
ST. KITTS NEVIS -
ST. LUCIA
ST. VINCENT -
SURINAM 9 7 8 8F
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 12 7F 7F 7F
TURKS.& CAICOS ISLAND -


*Unofficial figure
F is FAO estimate
- indicates none or negligble quantity (less than one-half of the
indicated unit, i.e., less than 500 MT.
Source: 1982 and 1983 FAO Production Yearbook, Vol. 36, Rome, 1983.










Table 4. Sugar production (100 MT).


-----------Centrifugal, Raw------------
1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983


----------Noncentrifugal------------
1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983


BARBADOS
BELIZE
COSTA RICA
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
EL SALVADOR
GUATEMALA
GUYANA
HAITI
HONDURAS
JAMAICA
PANAMA
ST. KITTS & NEVIS
SURINAM
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
USA


104
79
188
1229
250
416
331
62
88
367
128
29
9
188
5745


132
105
191
1039*
179
397
273
59*
191
232
200
36*
7
114


94 89 86*


99
195
1108*
174
444*
306
52
198
205*
155
33
8
94


108
182
1225
194
550F
288
66*
218
202*
162
37*
6*


116
200
1281*
234
575*
254*
55*
215*
198*
210*
30*
7*


17F


15
38*


80F
21F


2F 2F 2F


79 77


5331 5664 5262 5058


*Unofficial figure.
- indicates none or
F is FAO estimate.


negligible quantity (less than 50 metric tons).


Source: 1982 FAO Production Yearbook, Vol. 36, Rome, 1983.


17F


6F
40F


80F
21F


17F


6F
45F


81F

21F


17F


6F
45F


81F
21F


Table 4. Sugar production (i00 MT).













Table 5. Tomato production.


Country

ANTIGUA BARBUDA

BAHAMAS

BARBADOS

COSTA RICA

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

EL SALVADOR

GUATEMALA

HAITI

HONDURAS

JAMAICA

MONTSERRAT

PANAMA

TRINIDAD & TOBAGO

USA


Area Harvested Yield Production
---- (1000 HA) ---------------------- (KG/hA) ------------- ---------- (1000 MT) --------
1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983 1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983 1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983

3160 2800 13259 7435 2938 -

1 IF IF IF IF 13229 13534 13534 13582 13582 8 9F 9F 9F 9F

1 4475 3366 3360 3356 3333 2 1 1 IF

2 3F 3F 3F 3F 7381 7200 7115 7222 7273 16 18 19F 20 20F

5 7* 8* 7F 8F 23165 22103 20726 20974 22000 126 153 155 153 165F

1 2 2 2F 2F 14081 13168 13143 13143 12941 17 21 22 22 22F

11 14F 15F 15F 16F 6588 6143 5977 6000 5936 75 86F 90 90F 92F

15783 16871 15862 16207 16000 3 5F 5F 5F 5F

2 3 3F 4 4F 5096 6902 7000 7914 7778 9 18 21F 28 28F

1 1F 2 1 2F 8144 11929 12351 11896 11667 10 17 23 17 18F

9167 8000 8000 7895 7500 -

1 IF 1F IF IF 18036 20000 25293 25804 24138 26 26F 34 36 35F

1 15848 18000 16580 16364 16304 10 9F 7 7 8F

190 150 155 169 169 40046 43059 41237 46524 44818 7600 6787 6373 7845 7567


*Unofficial figure.
F is FAO estimate.
- indicates none or negligible quantity (less than 500 metric tons).
Source: 1982 FAO Production Yearbook, Vol. 36, 37, Rome 1983.










Table 6. Cabbg pr- d.ction.-


Country

ANTIGUA

BARBADOS

COSTA RICA

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

EL SALVADOR

GRENADA

GUATEMALA

GUYANA

HAITI

HONDURAS

JAMAICA

PANAMA

SURINAM

TRINIDAD & TOBAGO

USA


Area Harvested Yield Production
- ----- (1000 HA) --------- ------------ (KG/HA) ----------- ---------- (1000 T) ---------
1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983 1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983 1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983

3750 3750 3267 9632 7800 -

8405 4495 4484 5000 5000 1 2 1 2 2F

1 IF IF IF IF 7965 7455 7685 7727 7679 7 8F 8F 9F 9T

10938 11351 11316 11316 11282 4 4F 4F 4F 4F

8125 8125 8125 8235 8333 F 1F 1F IF

11333 9000 10000 10000 7750 -

1 IF IF 2F 2F 15455 15385 15000 14667 14375 17 20F 21F 22F 23F

6523 5747 5669 5882 5882 1 1 1 1F IF

1 2F 2F 2E 2F 6093 6250 6250 6111 6316 7 10F 10F 11F 12F

1 1F IF IF IF 2095 2000 2000 2000 2000 1 IF IF IF IF

1 IF IF IF IF 8166 9631 11309 11956 11852 12 11 16 16 16F

7848 9412 8905 8775 8750 2 2 2 2 2F

5265 7818 8000 8125 8500 1 1 IF IF

25282 24074 23438 24409 23913 7 7F 6F 5 6F

65 72 72 73F 74F 20531 19272 20615 20701 20809 -


F is FAO estimate.
- indicates none or negligible quantity (less than-half of the unit indicated).
Source: 1982 FAO Production Yearbook, Vol. 36, 37, Rome 1983.


















Table 7. Carrot production.

Area Harvested Yield Production
(1000 HA) ---------- (KG/HA) ----------- --------- (1000 ht)- ------
Country 1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983 1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983 1974-76 1980 1981 1982 1983

ANTIGUA BARBUDA 4286 4267 7739 8429 4857 -

BARBADOS 1 1F IF 8934 4493 4487 4646 4615 1 2 2 2 2F

DOHINICAN REPUBLIC 10208 10600 9531 18870 13633 IF 2 2- 2

GRENADA 9000 10000 8667 9500 5200 -

JAMAICA 1 IF 1 1 IF 7616 8849 10180 10162 9655 7 8 15 15 14F

MONTSERRAT 7667 7500 7500 8500 7000 .. -

PANAMA 6453 9231 7311 6964 7143 1 1 1 1 IF

TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 28500 23333 23333 18750 15600 -

USA 30 29 30 32 32 30887 30208 31041 33081 31237 926 886 928 1062 1010 :
:o

F is FAO estimate.
- indicates none or negligible quantity (less than one-half of the unit indicated, i.e., less than 500 metric tons).
Source: 1982 FAO Production Yearbook, Vol. 36, 37, Rome 1983.










Table 8. Potato production.


County

COSTA RICA

DOMINICA

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

EL SALVADOR

GUATEMALA

HAITI

HONDURAS

JAMAICA

MONTSERRAT

PANAMA

ST. KITTS NEVIS

USA


Area Harvested
---------- (1000 HA) ---------
107A-76 1980 1981 1982 1983


Yield Production
------------ (KG/A) ------------- --------- (1000 T)----------


1974-76


2 3F 3 3F 4F 11289

5764

4 IF 1 1 2 7058

17641

11 16F 7 6 6 4902

1 1F 1F 1F F 13540

1 1 1 1 IF 5437

1 1 1 1 IF 8419

2510

1 2* 1* 2F 2* 11284

8063

543 467 501 '515 501 28479


1980 1981 1982 1983 1974-76 1980 1981 t982 "1983


9333 7097 8650

5294 5257 5278

7829 10632 10145

19677 19375 19091

4857 4667 5000

15000 15000 15000

11714 11571 12143

10594 10213 10256

2529 2500 2500

19523 11545 10000

8333 8667 8833

30667 30964 29465


10024

5500

11385

19954

3750

15000

5618

9131

2564

8000

8333

29405


15453 13737 15358 15958 14774


*Unofficial estimate.
- indicates none or negligible quantity (less than one-half of the unit indicated, ie., 500 hectars or 500 metric tons).
Source: 1982 FAO Production Yearbook, Vol. 36, 37, Rome 1983.


1 7 0 1 1 1 6 01 1 1 61 1 '


































LAND USE












LAND -.


Since many of the countries are islands, land area of

`:he CBI countries is not large. In the following tables,

.and area is reported in hectares (one hectare is equal to

:1.47 acres). Of the countries recorded, Suriname has the

Largest land area with slightly in excess of 16 million

:.actares. In contrast, the British Virgin Islands reports

.:ho smallest land area with only 15,000 hectares.

The data reported should be read as follows. Total

-rea would include water bodies. Land area only includes

:he actual physical resource i.e., inland water areas have

:~en removed. Arable land and permanent crops are

Subdivided. Essentially these are the primary producing

.crea. Permanent pasture and woodlands are recorded in

:aparate categories.















Table 9. Land use (1000 HA.)

---------------Years--------------

Country 1974-76** 1977 1979 1981


ANTIGUA BARBUDA
Total area
Land area
Arable and permanent crops
Arable land
Permanent crops
Permanent pasture
Forest and woodland
Other land

BAHAMAS

Total area
Land area
Arable and permanent crops
Arable land
Permanent crops
Permanent pasture
Forest and woodland
Other land


BARBADOS

Total area
Land area
Arable and permanent crops
Arable land
Permanent crops
Permanent pasture
Forest and woodland
Other land


BELIZE
Total area
Land area
Arable and permanent crops
Arable land
Permanent crops
Permanent pasture
Forest and woodland
Other land


44
44
8*
8*

3*
7*
26


1394
1007
16
2
14
1
324
666


1394
1007
16*
2*
14*
1*
324*
666


43
43.
33F
33F

4*

6


2296
2280
48
42
6
37
1012
1183


2296
2280
49F
43F
6F
37*
1012*
1182


44
44
8*
8*

3*
7*
26


1394
1007
1,6*
2*
14*
I*
324*
666*


43
43
33F
33F

4*

6


2296
2280
50
43
7
44
1012*
1174


44
44
8*


3*
7*
26


1394
1007
16F
2F
14F
1F
324*
666


43
43
33F
33F

4*

6


2296
2280
53
46
7
44
1012*
1171


I













Table 9. continued.

---------------Years--------------

Country 1974-76** 1977 1979 1981


BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
Total area 15 15 15 15
Land area 15 15 15 15
Arable and permanent crops 3 3F 3F 3F
Arable land 2 2F 2F 2F
Permanent crops 1 1F 1F 1F
Permanent pasture 5 5F 5F 5F
Forest and woodland 1 1* 1*
Other land 6 6 6 6


CAYMAN ISLANDS
Total area 26 26 26 26
Land area 26 26 26 26
Arable and permanent crops -
Arable land -
Permanent crops
Permanent pasture 2 2* 2* 2*
Forest and woodland 6 6* 6* 6*
Other land 18 18 18 18

COSTA RICA

Total area 5070 5070 5070 5070
Land area 5066 5066 5066 5066
Arable and permanent crops 490 490* 490* 490F
Arable land 283 283* 283* 283F
Permanent crops 207 207* 207* 207F
Permanent pasture 1633 1790F 1940F 2090F
Forest and woodland 2200 2050* 1900* 1730F
Other land 736 736 736 756


DO:INICA
Total area 75 75 75 75
Land area 75 75 75 75
Arable and permanent crops 17 17 17" 17*
Arable land 7 7 7* 7*
Permanent crops 10 10 10* 10*
Permanent pasture 2 2 2* 2*
Forest and woodland 32 31 31* 31*
Other land 24 25 25 25













Table 9. continued.

----------------Years---------------

Country 1974-76** 1977 1979 1981

DDMINICAN REPUBLIC

Total area 4873 4873 4873 4873
Land area 4838 4838 4838: 4838
Arable and permanent crops 1193 1230F 1230F 1235F
Arable land 860 880F 880F 885F
Permanent crops 333 350F 350F 350F
Permanent pasture 1460 1480F 1500F 1520F'
Forest and woodland 645 641* 637 633*
Other land 1540 1487 1471 1450

EL SALVADOR

Total area 2104 2104 2104 2104
Land area 2081 2072 2072 2072
Arable and permanent crops 657 699 725 725
Arable land 484 475 56 560
Permanent crops 173 224 165 165
Permanent pasture 610 610 610 610
Forest and woodland 169 158* 146* 134*
Other land 645 605 591 603

GRENADA

Total area 34 34 34 34
Land area 34 34 34 34
Arable and permanent crops 16 16* 14 14F
Arable land 2 2* 2 5F
Permanent crops 14 14* 12 9F
Permanent pasture 1 1* 2 3F
Forest and woodland 4 4 4 3F
Other land 13 13 14 14

GUATEMALA

Total area 10889 10889 10889 10889
Land area 10889 10843 10843 10843
Arable and permanent crops 1713 1810F 1819F 1841F
Arable land 1380 1450F 1460F 1485F
Permanent crops 333 350F 350 356F
Permanent pasture 893 880F 880F 870F
Forest and woodland 4933 4790* 4630* 4470*
Other land 3303 3373 3523 3662













Table 9. continued.
.. .. .. Year .


Country 1974-76** 1977 1979 1981


GUYANA
Total area 21497 21497 21497 21497
Land area 19680 19685 19685 19685
Arable and permanent crops 388 437F 495* 495*
Arable land 373 422F 40-'. 480
Permanent crops 15 15F 15F 15F
Permanent pasture 1016 1105F 1220F 1220F
Forest and woodland 18037 17280F 16369 16369
Other land 240 863 1601 1601


HAITI
Total area 2775 2775 2775 2775
Land area 2756 2756 2756 2756
Arable and permanent crops 860 870F 885F 895F
Arable land 530 535F 545F 548F
Permanent crops 330 335F 340F 347F
Permanent pasture 560 520F 510F 506F
Forest and woodland 107 105* 103* 101*
Other land 1229 1261 1256 1254

HONDURAS
Total area 11209 11209 11209 11209
Land area 11189 11189 11189 11189
Arable and permanent crops 1634 1745F 1757 1764F
Arable land 1448 1150F 1560F 1565F
Permanent crops 186 195F 197F 199F
Permanent pasture 3400 3400F 3400F 3400F
Forest and woodland 4470 4310* 41. 0. 3980*
Other land 1685 1734 1892 2045

JAMAICA
Total area 1099 1099 1099 1099
Land area 1083 1083 1083 1083
Arable and permanent crops 262 265F 265F 265F
Arable land 202 205F 205F 205F
Permanent crops 60 60F 60F 60F
Permanent pasture 217 210F 210F 205F
Forest and woodland 319 308* 300* 304F
Other land 295 300 302 309F














Table 9. continued.

--------------- Years--------------

Country 1974-76** 1977 1979 1981

MONTSERRAT

Total area 10 10 10 10
Land area 10 10 10 10
Arable and permanent crops 1 1* 1* 1*
Arable land 1 1* 1* 1*
Permanent crops -
Permanent pasture 1 1* 1* 1*
Forest and woodland 4 4* 4* 4*
Other land 4 4* 4* 4*

NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
Total area 96 96 96 96
Land area 96 96 96 96
Arable and permanent crops 8 8F 8F 8F
Arable land 8 8F 8F 8F
Permanent crops
Permanent pasture
Forest and woodland
Other land 88 88 88 88


PANAMA
Total area 7708 7708 7708 7708
Land area 7599 7599 7599 7599
Arable and permanent crops 559 566F 570F 580F
Arable land 444 451F 455F 462F
115 115F 115F 118F
Permanent crops 115 11 11F 118F
Permanent pasture 1161 1161F 1161F 161F
Forest and woodland 4320 4260F 4200* 4140F
Other land 1559 1612 1668 1718

SAINT KITTS NEVIS

Total area 36 36 36 36
Land area 36 36 36 36
Arable and permanent crops 14 14* 14* 14*
Arable land 8 8* 8* 8*
Permanent crops 6 6* 6* 6*
Permanent pasture 1 1* *
Forest and woodland 6 6* 6* 6*
Other land 15 15 15 15













Table 9. continued.

-------------- Years--------------

Country 1974-76** 1977 1979 1981

SAINT LUCIA
Total area 62 62 62 62
d a 61 61 61 61
Land area
Arable and permanent crops 17 17 17* 17*
Arable land 5 5 5* 5*
Permanent crops 12 12 12* 12*
Permanent pasture 3 3* 3* 3*
Forest and woodland 11 11* 11 11*
Other land 30 30 30 30

SAINT VINCENT

Total area 34 34 34 34
Land area 34 34 34 34
Arable and permanent crops 17 17* 17* 17*
Arable land 13 13* 13* 13*
Permanent crops 4 4 4* 4*
Permanent pasture 1 2 2* 2*
Forest and woodland 14 14* 14* 14*
Other land 2 1 1 1

SURINAM,
Total area 16327 16327 16327 16327
Land area 16147 16147 16147 16147
Arable and permanent crops 45 46F 49F 56
Arable land 35 36F. 37F 43
Permanent crops 10 10F 12F 12
Permanent pasture 15 17F 19F 21
Forest and woodland 15540 15536 15532* 15528
Other land 547 548 542' 543

TRPNIDAD and TOBAGO

Total area 513 513 513 513
Land area 513 513 513 513
Arable and permanent crops 157 157F 158F 158
Arable land 70 70F 70F 70F
Permanent crops 87 87F 88F 88F
Permanent pasture 11 11l* 11* 11*
Forest and woodland 235 .233* 231 229*
Other land 110 112 113 115













Table 9. continued.

---------------Years------ ---

Country 1974-76** 1977 1979 1981


TURKS and CAICOS ISLAND
Total area 43 43 43 43
Land area 43 43 43 43
Arable and permanent crops 1 1 1 1
Arable land 1 1 1 1
Permanent crops -
Permanent pasture -
Forest and woodland -
Other land 42 42 42 42


*Unofficial figure.
**Average of 1974-76.
F is FAO estimate.
- indicates none or negligible quantity (less
unit, i.e., less than 500 hectares).


than one-half of the indicated


Source: 1982 FAO Production Yearbook, Vol. 36, Rome, 1983.



































ECONOMIC DATA









ECONOMIC DATA





This section contains economic and socio-economic data

on Caribbean Basin countries. In most cases there is both a

short verbal explanation,as well as, more detailed data

tables. In one instance (Antigua and Barbudas), only data

in tabular form are presented. Most economic information is

reported in percentage growth rates or in U.S. dollars.

Land area is reported in square kilometers ( a square

kilometer is equal to .38 square miles ). The abbreviation

GDP that appears in the tables stands for gross domestic

product and is a measure of national income.

The last table presented in this section gives some

indication of how important agriculture is to the local

economies. In general, agriculture is a major export sector

and finances a large proportion of the countries imports.

As with other sections of this report, data must be

interpreted with caution. For example, even though

unemployment rates may be reported they in no way capture

the number of people underemployed.





Bahamas

The 1982 population of the Bahamas was approximately

one-quarter of a million people. Only about two percent of










the country's 13,935 square kilometers was devoted to

agricultural use. More than 9 out of 10 people in the

country are literate and the unemployment rate is in excess

of 14 percent. Consumer price increases have ranged from

four to twelve percent between 1980-1982.

The U.S. is an important trading partner with the

Bahamas. We export food and manufactured goods to the

Bahamas and in return we import residual fuel oils, salt,

cement and various chemicals. The Bahamaian government has

recently given priority to agricultural development by

providing assistance with land clearing, credit facilities

and technical assistance.



Barbados

Barbados has a land area of 430 square kilometers and a

population of 430,000. Almost 80 percent of the land is

used for agriculture. Compared to other CBI countries, the

economy of Barbados is relatively healthy. Unemployment is

less than 11 percent and in 1982 inflation was less than

seven percent. Surgar is the country's primary agricultural

commodity.



Costa Rica

Costa Rica's population is about 2.3 million. Over

half of the country's 50,900 square kilometers is devoted to

agricultural use.The population growth rate is high (2.6










the country's 13,935 square kilometers was devoted to

agricultural use. More than 9 out of 10 people in the

country are literate and the unemployment rate is in excess

of 14 percent. Consumer price increases have ranged from

four to twelve percent between 1980-1982.

The U.S. is an important trading partner with the

Bahamas. We export food and manufactured goods to the

Bahamas and in return we import residual fuel oils, salt,

cement and various chemicals. The Bahamaian government has

recently given priority to agricultural development by

providing assistance with land clearing, credit facilities

and technical assistance.



Barbados

Barbados has a land area of 430 square kilometers and a

population of 430,000. Almost 80 percent of the land is

used for agriculture. Compared to other CBI countries, the

economy of Barbados is relatively healthy. Unemployment is

less than 11 percent and in 1982 inflation was less than

seven percent. Surgar is the country's primary agricultural

commodity.



Costa Rica

Costa Rica's population is about 2.3 million. Over

half of the country's 50,900 square kilometers is devoted to

agricultural use.The population growth rate is high (2.6









percent) compared to world standards. Unemployment (8.7

percent) is relatively low compared to other Caribbean

countries but inflation has been very high (90.1 percent)

recently. Leading agricultural products include bananas,

coffee, sugar cane, grain and cocoa.

Costa Rica's government actively seeks foreign

investment in the country, especially agribusiness

investments. Incentives for investment vary according to

resource use, employment created, export potential and

whether a similar industry already exists in the country.



Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic has a population of 6.2 million

people and about 57 percent of the country's 48,000 square

kilometers is in agricultural use. Only 69 percent of the

population is considered literate. Inflation has decreased

since 1980. Leading agricultural products include sugar,

coffee, cocoa,tobacco, rice and beef.

Sugar accounts for in excess of 30 percent of the

country's export earnings and the U.S. receives more

than 50 percent of the country's total exports. In addition,

U.S. firms supply most of the Dominican Republic's exports.

American investors in the Dominican Republic are eligible

for overseas private investment corporation (OPIC)

insurance which protects against inconvertibility of foreign

exchange, war, revolution and insurrection.












El Salvador

El Salvador has a land base of about 21,000 square

kilmoters and a population of about 5.1 million. Over 60

percent of the country's land area is devoted to

agricultural use. Population growth rates exceed three

percent on an annual basis and less than 70 percent of the

country's population is considered literate. In general,

economic conditions in the country are not good as real

growth has been declining and inflation has ranged between

12 and 17 percent. Major agricultural commodities include

coffee, livestock, cotton, poultry, sugar and corn. As has

been documented through the news media, the country has been

beset by severe political unrest.



Guatemala

Over seven million people reside on a land area in

excess of 108,000 square kilometers. Less than 50 percent of

the country's population is considered literate. Over 60

percent of the country's labor force is employed in

agriculture and unemployment exceeds 20 percent. Major

agricultural commodities include coffee, cotton, cattle,

sugar, bananas, apices and timber.

Guatemala is well endowed with natural resources

including minerals. Although located in the tropics, the two

coastal zones and a mountainous interior create a variety of












El Salvador

El Salvador has a land base of about 21,000 square

kilmoters and a population of about 5.1 million. Over 60

percent of the country's land area is devoted to

agricultural use. Population growth rates exceed three

percent on an annual basis and less than 70 percent of the

country's population is considered literate. In general,

economic conditions in the country are not good as real

growth has been declining and inflation has ranged between

12 and 17 percent. Major agricultural commodities include

coffee, livestock, cotton, poultry, sugar and corn. As has

been documented through the news media, the country has been

beset by severe political unrest.



Guatemala

Over seven million people reside on a land area in

excess of 108,000 square kilometers. Less than 50 percent of

the country's population is considered literate. Over 60

percent of the country's labor force is employed in

agriculture and unemployment exceeds 20 percent. Major

agricultural commodities include coffee, cotton, cattle,

sugar, bananas, apices and timber.

Guatemala is well endowed with natural resources

including minerals. Although located in the tropics, the two

coastal zones and a mountainous interior create a variety of









climates suitable for agricultural production. Government

policy has traditionally favored private investment for

diversifying export potential.



Guyana

Guyana has a population of 922,000 and only nine

percent of the 215,000 square kilometers land area is used

for agriculture. The economy of the country has been on a

downward slide since 1980. Real production growth rates are

declining and inflation exceeds 20 percent. Primary

agricultural products are sugar and rice. OPIC insurance

coverage is available for foreign investors.



Honduras

Honduras has a population of 3.9 million and a land

area of 112,008 square kilometers. Slightly less than

one-half of the land is used for agricultural purposes.

About 60 percent of the country's population is considered

literate. Unemployment and inflation are both around 10

percent. Primary agricultural products include coffee, corn,

beans, livestock, and bananas..

Honduras has been suffering an economic downturn

between 1980-1982. Real production growth levels are

declining. Credit is in short supply and therefore

investment opportunities are not improving. Political

turmoil also seems to be a concern of potential investors.









climates suitable for agricultural production. Government

policy has traditionally favored private investment for

diversifying export potential.



Guyana

Guyana has a population of 922,000 and only nine

percent of the 215,000 square kilometers land area is used

for agriculture. The economy of the country has been on a

downward slide since 1980. Real production growth rates are

declining and inflation exceeds 20 percent. Primary

agricultural products are sugar and rice. OPIC insurance

coverage is available for foreign investors.



Honduras

Honduras has a population of 3.9 million and a land

area of 112,008 square kilometers. Slightly less than

one-half of the land is used for agricultural purposes.

About 60 percent of the country's population is considered

literate. Unemployment and inflation are both around 10

percent. Primary agricultural products include coffee, corn,

beans, livestock, and bananas..

Honduras has been suffering an economic downturn

between 1980-1982. Real production growth levels are

declining. Credit is in short supply and therefore

investment opportunities are not improving. Political

turmoil also seems to be a concern of potential investors.














Jamaica

Jamaica has a population of approximately 2.3 million

and a land area of almost 11,000 square kilometers. Almost

20 percent of the workforce is employed in agriculture and

approximately 43 percent of the land is used for

agricultural purposes. The economy of the country is not

healthy as real production levels have been declining and

unemployment exceeds 25 percent. Major agricultural

products are sugar, bananas, coffee, coconuts, and citrus

fruits.

Jamacica's relatively stable political system, low

wages, preferential access to U.S. markets, a relatively

well developed financial sector and favorable shipping

connections make the country an attractive investment

center even though economic condions have not been good over

the 1980-1982 period.



Panama

Panama is a nation of two million residents with a land

area of 77,000 square kilometers. About one-fourth of the

country's land area is devoted to agricultural use.

Slightly more than one-third of the labor force is employed

in agriculture. Major agricultural crops are bananas,

sugar, rice, coffee, shrimp and vegetables.

Panama's economic conditions are relatively good














Jamaica

Jamaica has a population of approximately 2.3 million

and a land area of almost 11,000 square kilometers. Almost

20 percent of the workforce is employed in agriculture and

approximately 43 percent of the land is used for

agricultural purposes. The economy of the country is not

healthy as real production levels have been declining and

unemployment exceeds 25 percent. Major agricultural

products are sugar, bananas, coffee, coconuts, and citrus

fruits.

Jamacica's relatively stable political system, low

wages, preferential access to U.S. markets, a relatively

well developed financial sector and favorable shipping

connections make the country an attractive investment

center even though economic condions have not been good over

the 1980-1982 period.



Panama

Panama is a nation of two million residents with a land

area of 77,000 square kilometers. About one-fourth of the

country's land area is devoted to agricultural use.

Slightly more than one-third of the labor force is employed

in agriculture. Major agricultural crops are bananas,

sugar, rice, coffee, shrimp and vegetables.

Panama's economic conditions are relatively good









compared to other Basin countries with both unemployment and

inflation below 10 percent in 1982. The country's geographic

location, port facilities and political climate make

invetment opportunities attractive.



Surinam

Surinam's population is only 407,000 located on a land

area of 163,800 square kilometers. Leading agricultural

products are rice, sugar cane, bananas, beans and citrus

fruits. For two consecutive years the economy has been on a

downslide with real production growth rates declining

In addition, Surinam has developed closer relations

with socialist countries in the general area (Cuba).

Speculation is that a Soviet mission will open in Surinam.

Still, the U.S. government retains cordial relationships

with the country. The government has announced plans to

increase dairy and meat production and is also encouraging

the food processing industry to expand.



Trinidad aan Tobago

Slightly more than one million residents live on five

million square kilometers. About one-third of the land is

used for agricultural purposes and 15 percent of the labor

force is employed in agriculture. Unemployment is below 10

percent and inflation is around the 10 percent level. Major

agricultural commodities are sugar cane, coffee, rice, cocoa









compared to other Basin countries with both unemployment and

inflation below 10 percent in 1982. The country's geographic

location, port facilities and political climate make

invetment opportunities attractive.



Surinam

Surinam's population is only 407,000 located on a land

area of 163,800 square kilometers. Leading agricultural

products are rice, sugar cane, bananas, beans and citrus

fruits. For two consecutive years the economy has been on a

downslide with real production growth rates declining

In addition, Surinam has developed closer relations

with socialist countries in the general area (Cuba).

Speculation is that a Soviet mission will open in Surinam.

Still, the U.S. government retains cordial relationships

with the country. The government has announced plans to

increase dairy and meat production and is also encouraging

the food processing industry to expand.



Trinidad aan Tobago

Slightly more than one million residents live on five

million square kilometers. About one-third of the land is

used for agricultural purposes and 15 percent of the labor

force is employed in agriculture. Unemployment is below 10

percent and inflation is around the 10 percent level. Major

agricultural commodities are sugar cane, coffee, rice, cocoa






37



and bananas. Approximately three-fourths of the country's

food supply is imported. New investment is encouraged by

the government.














Ar'iot4 ,r 2nr fTl w -,- A ,-.


Area (kmi2). . . . . .
Percentage in Agricultural Use . . .
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982). . .
Percent Rural . . . . .
Percent Urban . .. *
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population (1971
Literacy Rate . . . . .
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1581) . .
Percent in Agriculture . . . .
Percent Unemployed. . . . .
1979

Real Production

Total GDP (market price growth rates) . 19.2%
Agricultural Sector (growth rate) . 5.5
Per Capita GDP (US$) . . . 971.
Central Government

Current Revenues. . .. .. 25.4
Current Expenditures. . . . 30.8
Current Savings/Deficit .... .... ... -5.4
Capital Expenditure ... . . NA
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit . .. NA
Internal Financing. . . ... 7.8


Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices .
Money Supply . . .
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$) . . .

Balance of Payments (millions of US$)
Exports of Goods and Services (FOB)
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB)
Trade Balance . . .
Current Account Balance . .
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase) . . . .

External Public Debt (millions of US$)

Total . . . .
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest) . . .


15.3 NA
NA NA

2.70 2.70


10.2
62.4
-52.2
NA


S S 4


27.7
97.4
-69.6
NA


NA NA


NA NA


NA NA NA


440
18%
79
29.4%
70.6%
1.0%
NA
29.2
8%
20.8%
1981


* *
0)





1980


12.4
5.9

1,100


27.4
25.2
-1.7
10.4
-4.7
6.9


NA
NA

NA


31.3
37.8
-6.5
7.5
9.5
6.6


NA

NA

2.70


12.2
46.5
-34.3
NA

NA


NA


- Tfj TO- 1 C! i t o li


Y .~---------I--^----------~I -----------


'r9h'le to C+1+~,tz~n,.? T3~~6-~1


. .















Table 11. Statistical Profile: Bahamas.

Area (km2) . . .13,935
Percentage in Agricultural Use. . . . . 2%
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982). . . ... 253
Percent Rural . . . ... .. . .. .51.1%
Percent Urban ... .. . . . .. ... ... .48.9%
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population (1970-82) 2.0%
Literacy Rate . .. . . . . 93.0%
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981) . . ... 84*
Percent in Agriculture . . . . ... ..... 1.9%
Percent Unenployed. . . . ... .. 14.3%

1980 _198I 1982*
Real Production
Total GDP (market price growth rates) . 6.9 1.0 1.0
Agricultural Sector (growth rate) ... 2 -1.1 -1.3
Per Capita GDP (US$) .... ......... .. 5165. NA NA
Central Government
Current Revenues .. ........... 19.9 20.4 18.9
Current Expenditures. . . .. 7.0 17.28 1!.1
Current Savings/Deficit . . .. 2.9 2.6 0.8
Capital Expenditure .. . . .. 3.6 7.1 6.2
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit . . -0.6 4.5 -5.4
Internal Financing. ... . ... 0.6 1.7 1.8

Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices . .. 12.1 9.0 4.6
Money Supply. .. . . . 5.6 4.4 16.4
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$). . . . 1.00 1.00 1.00
Balance of Payments (millions of US$)
Exports of Goods and Services (FOB) 200 177 204
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB) . 797 786 743
Trade Balance . . . . -597 -609 -539
Current Account Balance . . -15 -79 -51
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase). . . . -11 -5 NA
External Public Debt (millions of US$)
Total ........... . .. 80 228 NA
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest). . . . . 22 19 NA



'Preliminary estimate.














Table 12. Statistical Profile: RBPari. _.--


Area (km2) . . . .


S. . . 430


Percentage in Agricultural Use . .
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982) .
Percent Rural . . ........
Percent Urban . . ..........
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population
Literacy Rate . . ...........
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981) . .
Percent in Agriculture . . ......
Percent Unemployed . . ....


Real Production

Total GDP (market price growth rates)
Agricultural Sector (growth rate) .
Per Capita GDP (US$) . ..
Central Government

Current Revenues . . ..
Current Expenditures . .
Current Savings/Deficit . .
Capital Expenditure . . .
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit . .
Internal Financing. . . .

Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices .
Money Supply . . ..
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$) . . .

Balance of Payments (millions of US$)
Exports of Goods and Services (FOB)
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB)
Trade Balance . . .
Current Account Balance . .
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase) . . . .

External Public Debt (millions of US$)

Total . ... .* .
Service on Debt (amortization and


interest) .


(1970-82)
* *
. -
* *
. .


1980


3.3
5.4
2991


26.6
23.8
2.8
8.2
-5.4
1.1


14.0
11.4


2.0


181
479
-298
-26


S S


S .


1981


3.1
-21.3
3428


25.2
24.2
1.0
9.4
-8.3
3.8


10.3
5.6
2.0


170
521
-352
-112


-18


161

13


*Preliminary estimate.


S77%
. 269
. 53.1%
. 46.9%
* 0.5%
* 98.0%
.114.3%
* 16.1%
. 10.7%

1982*


-4.6
8.0
NA


25.7
23.9
1.7
6.3
-4.6
3.3


6.9
-1.3
2.0


171
484
-313
-95


. o o


















Table 13. Statistical Profile: Costa Rica.


Area (km 2) . . . .
Percentage in Agricultural Use. . .
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982) .
Percent Rural . . . .
Percent Urban . . . .
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population
Literacy Rate . . . . .
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981) . .
Percent in Agriculture . . .
Percent Unemployed . . . .


S. . 50,900


. *

(1970-82)
. .e
. .
. .
. .


51%
2,319
52.3%
47.7%
2.6%
89.8%
764
34.3%
8.7%


Real Production

Total GDP (market price growth rates)
Agricultural Sector (growth rate) .
Per Capita GDP (US$) . ..
Central Government

Current Revenues . . .
Current Expenditures . .
Current Savings/Deficit . .
Capital Expenditure . . .
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit . .
Internal Financing. . ....

Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices .
Money Supply . . .
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$) . . .

Balance of Payments (millions of US$)

Exports of Goods and Services (FOB)
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB)
Trade Balance . . .
Current Account Balance . .
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase) . . .

External Public Debt (millions of US$)

Total . . . .
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest) . . . .


.08
-0.5
1,007


12.7
16.3
-3.6
4.6
-8.2
7.1


18.1
15.0


-4.6
1.2
NA


13.0
13.9
-0.8
2.7
-3.6
2.4


37.1
52.2


1982*


-6.2
1.7
NA


12.2
11.7
0.5
3.3
-2.8

1.9


90.1
33.1


8.57 -21.76 37.5


1,002
1,375
-373
-663


. 456


a. a .


1,030
1,090
-61
-372

465


1,010
819
191
-272

391


2,480 2,620 2,752


*Preliminary estimate.








42







Table 14. Statistical Profile: Dominican Republic.


Area (k2 ) ... . . . .
Percentage in Agricultural Use . . . ..
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982). .........
Percent Rural . . . ..................
Percent Urban . * * *
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population (1970-82)


Literacy Rate . . . ..
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981) .
Percent in Agriculture. . .
Percent Unemployed . . .


Real Production
Total GDP (market price growth rates) ...
Agricultural Sector (growth rate) . .
Per Capita GDP (US$) . . ..


Central Government
Current Revenues . . .
Current Expenditures . .
Current Savings/Deficit . .
Capital Expenditure . . .
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit . .
Internal Financing. . . .
.Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices
Money Supply . . .
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$) . ...
balance of Payments (millions of US$)
Exports of Goods and Services (FOB) .
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB) .
Trade Balance . . .
Current Account Balance . ...
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase) . . .
External Public Debt (millions of US$)
Total .... .............. *
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest) . ...... .


S *


5.8
4.7
541.00


13.1
10.8
2.2
5.0
-2.8
1.2


18.0
-1.8

1.00


962
1,520
-588
-670

118


3.6
5.3
N.A


12.0
10.0
2.0
4.3
-2.3
1.3


7.5
13.1

1.00


1,188
1,452
-264
-406

151


.* 48,442
* 57?
* 6,247
S* 51.5%
* 48.5%
* 2.8%
* 59.7%
S.1,641
* 55.0%
* *


1982*


1.5
3.9
NA


9.3
8.7
0.6
4.2
-3.6
2.4


7.4
11.6

1.00


784
1,250
-466
-470

333


1,787 1,836 2,063


157


305


*Preliminary estimate.


I I I i


j I i









43








Table 5 Statistical Profile: El Salvador.


Area (na2).... .... . . ..


Percentage in Agricultural Use . .
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982) .
Percent Rural . . . .. ...
Percent Urban . . . .
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population
Literacy Rate . . . . .
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981) . .
Percent in Agriculture . . .
Percent Unemploved. . .. . .. ..


Real Production

Total GDP (market price growth rates)
Agricultural Sector (growth rate) .
Per Capita GDP (US$). . .
Central Government

Current Revenues . . .
Current Expenditures. ........
Current Savings/Deficit . .
Capital Expenditure . . .
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit .. .
Internal Financing. . .

Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices .
Money Supply. . . .
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$) . . .

Balance of Payments (millions of US$)

Exports of Goods and Services (FOB) .
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB) .
Trade Balance .. . . .
Current Account Balance . .
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase). . . .

External Public Debt (millions of US$)

Total . . . .
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest) . . .


. .. . 20,935


(1970-82) .
S S S S

. .2
. .
.98 ..,


rrir

+r
r r
r


~rrr
rr


S S


. S


-9.0
-4.9
471 ,7



11.9
12.4
-0.4
5.3
5.7
5.7


17.3
6.8

2.5


969
907
62
-86

75



926

41


-9.5
-10.1
423.



12.5
14.1
1.6
6.1
-7.7
5.5


14.8
3.9

2.5


794
900
-105
-255

79



1,035

45


*Preliminary estimate.


64%
5,082
59.2%
40.8%
3.05%
69.8%
782
49.2
NA

1982*


-5.4
-7.4
NA



12.7
14.7
-2.0
6.5
7.3
3.6


12.4
NA

2.5


738
900
-162
-131

-70



NA

50


-

















Table 16. Statistical Profile: Guatemala.


Area (km 2). . . . . .
Percentage in Agricultural Use. . .
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982) .
Percent Rural . . . .
Percent Urban . . . . .
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population
Literacy Rate . . . . .
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981) . .
Percent in Agriculture . . .....
Percent Unemployed. . .' . .


Real Production

Total GDP (market price growth rates) .


Agricultural Sector (growth rate) .
Per Capita GDP (US$) . . ..
Central Government

Current Revenues . . .
Current Expenditures . .
Current Savings/Deficit . .
Capital Expenditure . . .
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit . .
Internal Financing . . .

Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices .
Money Supply. . . .
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$) . . ..

Balance of Payments (millions of US$)

Exports of Goods and Services (FOB) .
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB) .
Trade Balance . . . .
Current Account Balance . ...
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase) . . . .

External Public Debt (millions of US$)

Total . . . .
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest) . . .....


. . ..108,889


(197






1980


3.7


* 1.6
* 555.7


S 9.6
8.1
S. 1.5
S 6.2
-4.7
* .* 3.3


* 10.7
* 3.1

* 1.00


S* 1,520
S* 1,473
. 47
* -176


0-82) *
* i
* <

* <
1981*


0.9
1.4
558.


8.7
8.1
0.6
7.8
-7.3
6.2


11.4
4.1

1.00


1,299
1,540
-241
-565


250 198


882 1,041

65 50


*Preliminary estimate.


25%
. 7,704
. 68.0%
. 32.0%
S2.9%
* 47.3%
* 2,339
* 53.6%
* 22.90%
1982*


-3.5
-1.9
NA


8.2
7.4
0,8
4.8
-4.0
2.9


5.0
1.4

1.00


1,161-
1,234
-73
-315


1,297

101



















Table 17. Statistical Profile: Guyana.


Area (km2). . . . . . .
Percentage in Agricultural Use . ... ..
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982). . . .
Percent Rural . . . . . .
Percent Urban . . . . . .. .
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population (1970-82) .


Literacy Rate . . . .
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981)
Percent in Agriculture . .
Percent Unemployed. . . .


Real Production
Total GDP (market price growth rates)
Agricultural Sector (growth rate) .
Per Capita GDP (US$) .. . .
Central Government
Current Revenues . . .
Current Expenditures . .
Current Savings/Deficit . .
Capital Expenditure . . .
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit . .
Internal Financing. . . .
Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices .
Money Supply . . .
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$) . . .
Balance of Payments (millions of US$)
Exports of Goods and Services (FOB) .
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB) .
Trade Balance . . .
Current Account Balance . .
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase) . . .
External Public Debt (millions of US$)
Total . . . .
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest) . . . .


1980


2.1
.04
750


30.2
39.6
-9.4
21.3
-30.8
25.1


14.3
14.0


1.2
2.3
603


32.8
42.8
10.2
24.7
-34.8
13.7

23.9
9.0


2.55 2.81


389
386
3
-128


346
400
-53
-183


42 26


860


* *


S.214,970
. 9%
. 922
. 50.9%
S. 49.1%
1.0%
S 86.0%
. 308
S. 20.6%
S. 9%

1982*


-9.1
6.2
NA


30.1
64.6
-34.6
17.4
-51.9
47.6

20.9
23.9

3.00


241
290
-49
-156

73


933

89


69 74


Preliminary est- -ate.
Preliminary estimate.


j i j i















Table 18 Statistical Profile: Honduras

Area (km2). . . . . . . .112,008
Percentage in Agricultural Use. . .. . .. 46%
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982). . . . 3,942
Percent Rural . . . . . . 62.2%
Percent Urban . . ... . . . 37.8%
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population (1970-82) . 3.2%
Literacy Rate . . . . .. . . 59.5%
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981) . . . .. 11.66%
Percent in Agriculture. . . . . . 61.8%
Percent Unemployed. . . .... .. . . 10.5%
1980 18 1982*
Real Production
Total GDP (market price growth rates) . 2.8 0.5 -1.2
Agricultural Sector (growth rate) . 3.1 0.9 1.1
Per Capita GDP (US$) . . .. 354.3 NA NA
Central Government
Current Revenues. . .. ..... 15.2 14.1 13.7
Current Expenditures. . . 14.6 15.3 15.3
Current Savings/Deficit . . .. 0.6 -1.3 -1.6
Capital Expenditure . . .. 8.4 6.4 6.5
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit . . 7.8 -7.7 -8.1
Internal Financing. . . . 2.8 2.9 3.0
Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices . .. .18.1 9.4 9.2
Money Supply. .. . . 5.3 10.0 16.2
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$). . . ... 2.0 2.0 2.0
Balance of Payments (millions of US$)
Exports of Goods and Services (FOB). .. 850 784 677
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB) ... 954 899 681
Trade Balance . . .... . -104 -115 -3
Current Account Balance . . -317 -303 -219
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase) . . . . 54 72 89
External Public Debt (millions of US$)
Total . . .* 1,711 1,932 2,132
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest). .... . . .. 98 115 147


*Preliminary estimate.
















Table 19. Statistical Profile: Jamaica.


Area (km 2 ) . . . . . .. .
Percentage in Agricultural Use. . . . .
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982). . .
Percent Rural . . .* * .
Percent Urban . * .. .* ..
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population (1970-82)
Literacy Rate . . . .....* .
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981) . ... .
Percent in Agriculture. . . ........
Percent Unemployed. . . * .
1980 1


Real Production
Total GDP (market price growth rates)
Agricultural Sector (growth rate) .
Per Capita GDP (US$) . . ..
Central Government

Current Revenues . .....
Current Expenditures . . ..
Current Savings/Deficit . .
Capital Expenditure . . .
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit . .
Internal Financing . . .

Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices .
Money Supply . . .
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$) . . .
Balance of Payments (millions of US$)
Exports of Goods and Services (FOB) .
Imports of Goods ard Services (FOB)
-Trade Balance . . . .
Current Account Balance . .
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase) . . . .

External Public Debt (millions of US$)
Total . . .... .
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest). . . . .


-5.4
-7.4
NA


25.1
33.1
-8.0
10.0
18.0
13.4


28.7
19.6

1.78


963
1,038
-75
-166


2.0
4.2
NA


28.7
31.2
-2.5
12.1
-14.6
5.9

4.8
6.1

1.78


924
1,297
-323
-337


.10,962
43%
. 2,253
* 22.4%
S77.6%
. 1.1%
. 83.2%
153
* 19.2%
* 25.6%
1982*


-1.0
-3.0
NA


26.7
S32.9
-6.2
12.2
-18.5
4.3


6.9
-2.0

1.78


726
1..203
-476
-426


S. 27 270


1,634 1,810 2,060


202


352


S380


*Preliminary estimate.














Table 20. Statistical Profile: Panama.


(kin2)
Area (km ). . . . . * . ... .
Percentage in Agricultural Use.. . . ..
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982) .... . .
Percent Rural . . . . . .
Percent Urban . . . . . .
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population (1970-82)
Literacy Rate . . .. . .......
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981) . . .
Percent in Agriculture'. . . . .. .. .
Percent Unemployed. . . . . ......
1980 1981


Real Production

Total GDP (market price growth rates) . 13.1
Agricultural Sector (growth rate) . -1.9
Per Capita GDP (US$) . . . 1,122
Central Government


3.8
2.9
NA


Current Revenues. .... . .
Current Expenditures . .
Current Savings/Deficit . .
Capital Expenditure . . .
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit . .
Internal Financing. . . .

Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices .
Money Supply . . .
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$) . . .

Balance of Payments (millions of US$)
Exports of Goods and Services (FOB) .
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB) .
Trade Balance . . .
Current Account Balance . .
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase) . . .

External Public Debt (millions of US$)
Total . . . .
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest) . . .. .


22.4
22.0
0.5
6.1
-5.7
2.1

13.8
25.7

1.00


375
1,334
-959
-322


21.5
22.8
-1.3
5.5
-6.8
2.5

7.3
20.8

1.00


343
1,459
-1,116
-627


1 NA


. 2,836 2,923


465


*Preliminary estimate.


* 77,082
S 23%
. 2,015
. 44.1%
. 55.9%
. 2.7%
88.1%
S 224
33.7%
. 8.8%

1982*


1.2
3.1
NA


24.8
23.0
1.8
13.1
-11.3
1.1

4.2
6.6

1.00


3.5
-1,360
-1,045
-530

NA


3,300

595






49







Table 21. Statistical Profile: Surinam.

Area (km2). . . . . . . .163,820
Percentage in Agricultural Use. ... .. . . .. 47%
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982). . ... . 407
Percent Rural . . . . .. . NA
Percent Urban ......... . . NA
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population (1970-82) 1.3%
Literacy Rate . . . . . 78.8%
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981) V .... 104
Percent in Agriculture.. . . . . 16.8%
Percent Unemployed . ... . . NA
1980 1981 1982*
Real Production
Total GDP (market price growth rates) 2.3 -9.3 -1.0
Agricultural Sector (growth rate) 3.0 NA NA
Per Capita GDP (US$) . . .. NA NA NA
Central Government
Current Revenues. . .. .... .25.7 25.5 25.5
Current Expenditures. . . 24.6 28.0 30.0
Current Savings/Deficit . . 1.1 -2.5 4.6
Capital Expenditure . . .... 6.9 8.6 8.6
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit . . .. -5.8 -11.1 -13.2
Internal Financing. . . . -1.1 2.8 3.1
Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices T 14.1 9.0 6.7
Money Supply. . . . 7.6 21.7 7.4
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$) ... ..... ., 1.80 1.80 1.80
Balance of Payments (millions of US$)
Exports of Goods and Services (FOB) .. 515 474 445
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB) . 454 512 470
Trade Balance . . .. 61 -38 -25
Current Account Balance .. ..... -16 =24 -40
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase). . . . -26 -13 -35
External Public Debt (millions of US$)
Total . . . . 28 27 27
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest) . . . 3 3 3



*Preliminary estimate.








50







Table 22. Statistical Profile: Trinld-ad and Tobago.'


Area (km ) . . 2). .
Percentage in Agricultural Use ...... ..........
Total population (1,000 inhabitants, 1982) ...........
Percent Rural . . .... .. .. . ...
Percent Urban . . . .
Average Annual Rate of Growth of Total Population (1970-82)


Literacy Rate . . . ... ..
Total Labor Force (1,000 workers, 1981) ,
Percent in Agriculture ..... .
Percent Unemployed .. ...........


Real Production

Total GDP (market price growth rates)


Agricultural Sector (growth rate) .
Per Capita GDP (US$) .. .. .
Central Government
Current Revenues . . ..
Current Expenditures .. ....
Current Savings/Deficit . .
Capital Expenditure . .. .
Fiscal Surplus or Deficit ..
Internal Financing. . .

Money and Prices (rates of growth)
Percent Change in Consumer Prices ,
Money Supply. . ....
Exchange Rate (units of national
currency per US$) . .

Balance of Payments (millions of US$)


.9 .1 .t


- ,-
e >


.9 .9


* 9


-. .9, 7
- '9 .9 99 9


Exports of Goods and Services (FOB)
Imports of Goods and Services (FOB) ..
Trade Balance . . .
Current Account Balance .... .
Net Change in International reserves
(-increase) . . .. .

External Public Debt (millions of US$)


.9 .9


7.7
7.6
NA


42,1
17.3
24.9
18.3
5.5
,7.6


17.2
24.5

2.4


:2,584
1,803
781
357


S, -633


4.6
1.6
NA


41.6
18.4
23.1
21.0
2.1
-2.3


14.3
10.1

2.4


2,499
1,988
511
317

-560


Total ....... .... .. 757
Service on Debt (amortization and
interest) . ....... ... 222


*Preliminary estimate.


* 5,128
S 33%
* 1,202
* 31.9%
* 68.1%
S0.4%
* "97.2%
S468
S15.5%
9.9%
1982*


2.5
5.2
NA


37.3
34.3
3.0
20.3
-17.3
14.9


10.3
29.8

2.4


2,234
2,456
-211
-223

-20


820


i i 1 i

















The importance of agriculture in the economy


(imports and exports)..


Ag exports
as a % of
Total exports
1980 1981


ANTIGUA BARBUDA
BAHAMAS
BARBADOS 3
BELIZE E
BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS-
CAYMAN ISLAND
COSTA RICA t
DOMINICA 3
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 5
EL SALVADOR 7
GRENADA 6
GUATEMALA E
GUYANA 4
HAITI 6
HONDURAS 7
JAMAICA 1
MONTSERRAT
NETHERLANDS ANTILLES i
PANAMA 3
ST. KITTS NEVIS 8
ST. LUCIA 3
ST. VINCENT 4
SURINAM I
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO


Ag imports
as a % of
Total imports
1980 1981


9* 6 18*

2
10 18 15
>8 65 26


50
18
;7
'6

i1
4
.2
2
'4
.5


66
95
66
72
83
56
45
27
86
11




51
'60'
71
72
12
2


>8 -
16 *
0
.8
2 .
2


8
9
15
13'
14
9
17
43
13
19

23
4
9
27**
18
23
11
11


State of total
Imports financed
by Ag exports (%)
1980 1981

2* 1


41
17
38
75
24
59
53
40
72
13


1
11
62**
10
15
13
3


*Antigua only.
**Includes Anguilla.
Source: The State of Food and Agriculture FAO, Rome 1973, 1981, 1982.


Table 23.










Table 24. CBI eligible countries.


CBI ELIGIBLE COUNTRIES


Anguilla

Antigua

Barbuda

Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

Costa Rica

Dominica

Dominican Republic

El Salvador

Granada

Guyana

Guatemala

Haiti


Honduras

Jamaica

Panama

St. Lucia

St. Vincent/Grenadines

Surinam

Trinidad and Tobago

Cayman Islands

Monsurrat

Netherlands Antilles

St. Christopher-Nevis

Turks and Caicos Islands

Virgin Islands, British










SUMMARY





The intent of this publication was to provide

information to individuals interested in the CBI. As stated

earlier, it was not the intent of the publication to debate

the merits of the CBI. Agriculture represents only one

sector that faces potential implications from passage of the

law. As stated previously, these data may change over time

and caution should be used in interpretation of the

information.






























APPENDIX A






















Table 25. U.S. Tariff Rates for Selected Agricultural Products, 1985.



U.S. Tariff Rates for Selected Units of Rates of Duty
Agricultural Products, 1985 Quantity Column 1* LDDC* Column 2*


Rice:
Paddy or rough
Brown (hulls removed, all or in part):
Basmati
Other


Cabbage:


Carrots:
Under 4 inches long
Other


Califlower:
If entered during the period from
June 5 to October 15, inclusive in
any year.
Other


lb. 5.5% ad val.
12.5% ad val.


Cucumbers:
If entered
December 1
day of the
inclusive.
If entered
March 1 to
any year.


during the period from
in any year to the last
following February,

during the period from
April 30, inclusive, in


3c/lb.


3c/lb.


3c/lb.


If entered during the period from
May 1 to June 30, inclusive, or
the period from September 1 to
November 30, inclusive, in any
year.
If entered during the period from
July 1 to August 31, inclusive, in
any year.

Eggplant:
Planted during the period from
April 1 to November 30, inclusive,
in any year.
Other


3c/lb.


lb. 1.5c/lb.
lb. l.l/lb.


3c/lb.


3C/lb.


-1.5c/lb.
- 1.5/lb.


1.25c/1b.




0.6/lb.
1.5c/lb.

0.55/lb.



lc/lb.
0.5c/lb.


1.25c/1b.




1.5c/lb.
1.5c/ lb.


2/lb.



8c/lb.
4c/lb.


50% ad val.
50% ad val.


lb. 2.2c/lb.


lb. 1.5c/lb.




















Table 25. continued.

------------ Rates of Duty-----------
U.S. Tariff Rates for Selected Units of
Agricultural Products, 1985 Quantity Column 1* LDDC* Column 2*


Potatoes, white or irish:
Certified seed
For not over 114,000,000 lbs.
entered during the 12 month period
beginning September 15 in any year.
Other
Other than certified seed
For not over 45,000,000 lbs. & the
difference between 45,000,000 lbs.
& amount by which the USDA crop
estimate is less than 21,000,000,000
lbs entered during the 12 month
Period beginning September 15 in
any year.
Other

Squash:
Tomaotes:
If entered during the period from
March 1 to July 14, inclusive, or
the period from September 1 to
November 14, inclusive, in any year.
If entered during the period from
July 15 to August 31, inclusive,
in any year.
If entered during the period from
November 15, in any year, to the last
day of the following February, inclu-
sive.

Yams & Sweet Potatoes:
Yams, fresh, chilled & frozen;
sweet potatoes

Pumpkins:

Dried Beans:
If entered for consumption during
the period from Mayl to August 31,
inclusive, in any year.
Mung
Red Kidney
Other


35.5c/cwt.
45c/cwt.


35.5c/cwt.
45c/cwt.

1.14c/lb.


2.1C/lb.


l.5s/lb.




1.5c/lb.


10.0% ad val.

25.0% ad val.


Free
lc/lb
0.75c/lb.


35c/cwt.
35c/cwt.


75c/cwt.
75c/cwt.


35c/cwt. 75c/cwt.
35c/cwt. 75c/cwt.

2c/lb.





S3/lb.


3C/lb.


3c/lb.


50.0% ad val.

50.0% ad val.


3C/lb.
3c/lb.
30/lb.

















Table 25. continued.

--------- Rates of Duty -------------
U.S. Tariff Rates for Selected Units of
Agricultural Products, 1985 Quantity Column 1* LDDC* Column 2*


If entered for consumption outside
the above stated period, or if with-
drawn for consumption at any time.
Mang
Other
Dried Onions:

Avocados:
Fresh, prepared or preserved

Citrus:
Fresh, prepared or preserved

Grapefruit:
If entered during the period from
August 1 to September 30, inclu-
sive, in any year:
Fresh
Prepared or preserved
If entered during the month of
October.
Fresh
Prepared or preserved
If entered during the period from
November 1, in any year, to the
following July 31, inclusive.

Fresh
Prepared or preserved

Lemons:
Fresh
Prepared or preserved

Limes:
Fresh
Otherwise prepared or preserved


lb.
lb.
:lb.


lb.


0.5//lb.
1.5c/lb.
27.5% ad val. 25.0% ad val.


6.3c/lb.


lC/lb.
0.6c/lb.



0,8c/lb.
0.6c/lb.


1.3C/1b.
0.6c/lb.



1.25c.lb.
0.6c/lb.


lC/lb.
17.5% ad val.


6c/lb.


30/lb.
3c/lb.
35.0% ad val.


15c/lb.


1.5c/lb.
1.5c/lb.



1.5c/ib.
1.5C/lb.


1.5c/lb.
1.5C/1b.


2.5c/lb.
2.5e/lb.


2c/lb.
35.0% ad val.




















Table 25. continued.

-------------- Rat.s of Duty -----------
U.S. Tariff Rates for Selected Units of
Agricultural Products, 1985 Quantity Column 1* LDDC* Column 2*


Oranges:
Mandarin, packed in air tight con-
tainers
Kumguats, packed in air tight con-
tainers
Other
Other citrus fruits:
Fresh
Prepared or preserved

Mangoes:
Fresh
Prepared or preserved

Cantaloupes:

Fresh
If entered during the period from
August 1 to September, inclusive
in any year.
If entered at any other time
(duty-temporarily suspended if
entered during the period from
January 1 to May 5).

Watermelons:


0.2c/lb.
0.25c/lb.
lc/]b.


4.7% ad val.
17.5% ad val.


3.4% ad val.


3.75/1lb.
1.5c/lb.


20.0% ad val.




35.0% ad val.

20.0% ad vai.


1C/lb.
ic/lb.


35.0% ad val.
35.0% ad val.


15c/lb.
15c/lb.


35.0% ad val.




35.0% ad val.

35.0% ad val.


Citrus fruit juice:
Not concentrated
Concentrated


Sugarcane:
In its' natural state
In other forms suitable for the
commercial extraction of sugar

Sugars, syrups & molasses:
Derived from sugarcane. Principally
of crystalline structure or in dry
amorphous form.


5. ton $2.50 short ton
0.5c/lby
total sugars


2.98125c/lb.
less 0.0421875C/lb.
for each degree
under 1000 but not
less than
1.9265625/1lb.


$2.50 short ton
0.5c/lby
total sugars




2.98125c/lb.
less 0.0421875c/lb.
for each degree
under 1000 but not
less than
1.9265625c/lb.


gal.
gal.


20c/gal.
35c/gal.


70c/gal.
70c/gal.


--T ~--




















REFERENCES


1982 FAO Production Yearbook, Volume 36, Food and Agricultural Organi-
zation of the United Nations, Rome, Italy, 1983.

FAO Production Yearbook, Volume 37, Food and Agricultural Organization
of the United Nations, Rome, Italy, 1982, 1983, and 1984.

1980 Statistical Yearbook for Latin American, U.N. Economic Commission
for Latin America.

1981 Statistical Yearbook, United Nations.

Economic Activity 1981 in Caribbean Countries, U.N. Economic Commission
for Latin America, 1982.

Economic and Social Progress in Latin America National Resources,
1983 Report, Inter-American Development Bank.

Statistical Abstract of Latin America, Volume 22, UCLA Latin American
Center Publication, University of California, Los Angeles, 1983.

The Europe Yearbook, 1983, A World Survey, Volume II, Europe Publications
LTD, London.

The State of Food and Agriculture, FAO, Rome, various issues.

World Tables, World Bank, 1980.

Yearbook of Labor Statistics, International Labor Organization, 1983.




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