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THE GIANTS,ANDHOW TO FIGHT THEM.N-x
W- NGIANT INTEMPERANCE AND HIS PRISONER
BYHOW TO IGHT THESE.L N0 E S AN 1: ; U U WO y 0
S' -THE GIANTS,ANT,HOW TO FIGHT THEM.BY THEREv. RICHARD NEWTON, P.D.,AUTHOR OF "RILLS FROM THE FOUNTAIN OF LIFE," ETC.- -------LONDON:T. NELSON AND SONS, PATERNOSTER ROW;EDINBUEGH; AND NEW YORK.IS73-l ------------------- ------- -- -----_____HOW~~~ TO -IH HM~r Tr.e
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Contents .INTRODUCTORY, ........ 7THE FIRST GIANT-HEATHENISM, ... ... 14THE SECOND GIANT-SELFISHNESS, ... 24THE THIRD GIANT-COVETOUSNESS, ... ..- ..THE FOURTH GIANT--ILL-TEMPEI, ... ...THE FIFTH GIANT-INTEMPERANCE. .. ... ... 43
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THE GIANTS.Intrabutctora."So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and witha stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him."1 S i. xvii. 50.",i p]H E Philistine spoken of here was the. iant Goliath. Now, let us put' the word Giant instead of thePhilistine, and then the text willread in this way: "So David prevailed overthe giant with a sling and with a stone, andsmote the giant, and slew him." All youngpeople like to hear and read stories aboutgiants. I suppose there is hardly a person
8 INTRODUCTORY.in this country who knows how to read butwho has read the famous history of "Jackthe Giant-Killer." I remember, when a verylittle boy, reading it, and thinking what awonderful history it was. I need not tellyou, however, that that history has not aword of truth in it. No such person as thecelebrated "Jack " ever lived. And thegiants he is said to have killed so nimblynever lived either.But the verse we have taken for our textto-day tells us about David the Giant-KilleriHe was a real person. He actually livedabout three thousand years ago. And thegiant whom he killed was a real live giant.He was a pretty big fellow too, though notso enormously large as some of the story-books would lead us to think. Such hugemonsters as they represent never existedanywhere, except in the thoughts of thosewho write books of fables and stories that
INTRODUCTORY, 9are not true. Goliath, the giant whomDavid killed, was six cubits and a span inheight. +-There are different opinions about the sizeof the Jewish measure called a cubit. Oneof these opinions is, that it was twenty-oneinches, and about two-thirds of an inch. Atthis rate, six cubits would be about elevenfeet four inches. A span is six inches. Thisadded to the other would give us eleven feetten inches as Goliath's height. Now, taketwo men, each of whom is five feet eleveninches high; let one of them stand upon thehead of the other, making as it were, oneman; and suppose him to be stout and strongin proportion to his height, and then youwould have a man of about Goliath's size.The coat of mail that he wore weighed aboutone hundred and fifty pounds. His armouraltogether weighed about two hundred andseventy-two. That is nearly as much as five
10 INTRODUCTORY.fifty-six pound weights. The armour of anordinary soldier in those times weighedsixty pounds. How frightful it must havebeen to see this vast creature with all hisarmour on, and his huge spear in his hand,stalk forth before all the army of the Israel-itesand dare any one of them to come outand fight with him! We do not wonderthat all the soldiers fled away at his ap-proach, and that no one was willing to goand fight him. AiAhd we admire very muchthe courage of David, and his confidence inGod, that he, a mere shepherd-boy, waswilling, with nothing in his hand but asling and a stone, to go and do battle withthis great giant. You know how angry thegiant was when he saw this beardless boycome against him; and what dreadful thingshe threatened to do to David; and howDavid ran and took a stone, and slung it;and how it went whizzing along, till it hit
INTRODITCTORY. 11him in the forehead, and he fell senseless tothe ground._ j .._'/I- -- ,, ;---DAVID AND GOLIATISome people pretend to think that it washardly possible for David to throw a stonewith sufficient force to sink into the giant'shead. One of this class, a foolish youngman, who pretended not to believe the
12 INTRODUCTORY.Bible, was once riding in a stage-coachwhich was full of passengers. He was try-ing to ridicule some of the Bible stories.Among others, he spoke of this one aboutDavid and the giant. He said he thoughtthe giant's head must have been too hard fora boy, like David, to send a stone into it;and turning to an old Quaker gentleman,who sat in the corner of the coach, he asked,"What do you think about it, sir ""Friend," said the old gentleman, in adry, quiet way, " I'll tell thee what I think;if the giant's head was as soft as thine, itmust have been very easy for the stone toget in."But David DID kill the giant. Yes, andwe read about several of the giant's brotherswho were killed in David's time. Thewhole family of them was destroyed. Butthe giants are not all dead yet. There AREgiants in the earth in these days; and God
INTRODUCTORY. 13expects us all to engage in the work of try-ing to fight them. When I speak of giantsnow, I do not mean physical giants, butmoral giants. I do not mean men withhuge bodies, four or five times larger thancommon-sized men; but I mean great sinsof different kinds, which may well be calledgiants.I want now to speak about five giantsthat we should all unite in trying to fightagainst. One of these is a good way offfrom us; but the rest are very near us.Listen to me while I tell you who thesegiants are, and the way in which we musttry to fight them.^ ^'
Che IirVt (..im IHEATHENISM." S-jHE first giant I am to speak of, is"sL-( the GIANT HEATHENISM.J1* This giant doesn't live here. HeU is found in countries where the gos-pel is not known. His castles may be seenin Africa, and in India, in China, and in theislands of the sea. He is a huge giant. Hehas a great many heads-more, indeed, thanI can pretend to count. In every countrywhere idols are worshipped one of the headsof this giant may be found. One of theseheads is called Juggernaut; another is calledBrahma; another Buddha, and many suchlike names. This giant is very strong, and
THE FIRST GIANT: HEATHENISM. 15very cruel. We read in that interestingbook called " The Pilgrim's Progress," abouta giant whose name was Despair, and wholived in a castle called "Doubting Castle."He used to seize the pilgrims to the heav-, '1 i, .I f' iHEATHENISM.enly city as they ventured on his grounds.When he had caught them, he used to"thrust them into a dark, dismal dungeon,and beat them with his great club, andtreat them so badly that many of them weredriven to kill themselves. He was a very
16 THE FIRST GIANT:strong giant, and very cruel. And Heathen-ism, the giant of whom I am speaking, isjust like him in these respects.HE IS VERY STRONG. He is so strong thathe keeps six hundred millions of people inhis dungeons. They are bound hand andfoot. They cannot possibly get out till thefriends of Jesus attack the giant and makehim let them go.And he is VERY CRUEL, as well as verystrong. The things that are done in someof the dungeons where he dwells show howcruel he is. Look at India. There is Jug-gernaut, one of the heads of this giant.This idol is kept on a great heavy car. Atcertain seasons of the year, when there is afestival, this car is dragged out. Hundredsof people take hold of the rope and pull italong; and while it rolls on, great numbersof men and women will throw themselvesdown before the car, and be crushed to death(408)
HEATHENIS-M. 17under its wheels, as they roll over them.For miles around the temple you may seel e.IftTHE CAR OF JUUG(ENAUT.the bones of the poor creatures who havebeen crushed in this way.(408) 2
18 THE FIRST GIANT:In other parts of his dungeon this giantmakes his poor wretched prisoners put ironhooks through the flesh on the back of theirbodies, and then swing themselves round,with the whole weight of their bodies rest-ing on these hooks.In other parts he makes his poor prisonerskill a great many of their little innocentchildren as soon as they are born. Some-times their parents will dig a hole in theground, and bury their baby alive in it.Sometimes they will throw them into theriver, to be drowned or devoured by alli-gators. In some places, along the riverGanges, there are crocodiles that live almostentirely on the dear little babies that arethrown in, by their cruel mothers, to bedevoured alive by those horrible monsters.In the South Sea Islands, three out offour of all the children born used to be killed.In one tribe of people in India that num-
HEATHENISM. 19bered 12,000 men, there were only thirtywomen. All the rest had been killed whenthey were young.In the city of Pekin many infants arethrown out into the streets every night.Sometimes they are killed at once by the fall.Sometimes they are only half killed, andlinger, moaning in agony, till the morning.Then the police go round, and pick them up,and throw them all together into a hole, andbury them.In Africa the children are sometimesburned alive. In India they are sometimesexposed in the woods till they either starveto death, or are devoured by the jackals andvultures. In the South Sea Islands thepeople used sometimes to strangle theirbabies; while at other times they wouldbreak all their joints, first their fingers andtoes, then their ankles and wrists, and thentheir elbows and knees.
20 THE FIRST GIANT:Surely they are horrible dungeons inwhich such dreadful things are done !And the Giant Heathenism, who makeshis prisoners do such things, must be indeeda cruel giant!Well, what are we to do to this giant ?Why, we must FIGHT him, as David didGoliath. We do not expect to kill him out-right. He will never be killed till Jesuscomes again. He himself will kill the giantHeathenism. But we can cut off some ofthe giant's heads, and set some of his prisonersfree. We are bound in duty to fight againstthis giant. But how are we to do this ?Just as David did. He fought againstGoliath with a sling and a stone. He pickedsome stones out of the brook and hurledthem at the giant. And this is what wemust do. The Bible is the brook to whichwe must go. The truths which it containsare the stones that we must use. When
HEATHENISM. 21these truths are hurled against the head ofthis giant, they will sink into it just asDavid's pebble did into Goliath's head-andhe will fall.S^ f,,,- -THE CHINESE CONVERT.A Chinese idolater had become a Christian.He stood among his countrymen one daydistributing some tracts. They were takeninto the interior of China and read. Thereading of them led the people of many towns
22 THE FIRST GIANT:and villages to give up the worship of idols.This destroyed one of the heads of the giant.In the Sandwich Islands another of his headshas been destroyed; and another in theIslands of New Zealand; and another in theFejee Islands. And Sunday-school childrenare trying to help in this work, when theyassist in making contributions to the mis-sionary cause. We are helping to throwthe stones of truth at the heads of the GiantHeathenism. When the missionaries preachabout Jesus to the heathen, they are sling-ing stones at the giant's head. God directsthe stones which they throw, and makesthem effectual to wound and disable thegiant. David never could have killed Goliathif left to himself. But God helped him,and then the stone did its work. And soGod will help us; so he will help all wholight against the great cruel giant-Heathenism. Then let us go on, like brave
HEATHENISM. 23giant-killers, and fight against this giant.We are sure to succeed, for God has promisedthat the giant shall be killed at last.The first giant is HEATHENISM ; and weare to fight against him by throwing stonesof truth at him.But now, let us go on to speak of someother giants. The one I have just spokenof lives a great way off from us. The otherswe are to fight against live near us: Theymay be found in our own country,-in ourown city,-in our own homes,--yes, andeven in our,own HEARTS.II-, --
C1'he Seconb giant :SELFISHNESS." 1- H E second giant I would speak of is.' the GIANT SELFISHNESS.Now, remember, I am not speak-" " ing of physical giants, but moralgiants; not of giants made of flesh andblood, but of giants made of thoughts andfeelings. This Giant Selfishness is an in-tensely ugly-looking creature. If he couldbe caught in a bodily shape, and carriedto some photographic artist to have his like-ness taken, I am sure that, when you cameto look at his picture, you would think itabout the ugliest you had ever seen.How many eyes have you ? Two. How
THE SECOND GIANT: SELFISHNESS. 25many ears. Two. How many hands ?Two. And how many feet ? Two. Yes,God has given us each two eyes, two ears, twohands, and two feet, as if it werelo remindus that we are to see, and hear, and work,and walk, for others, as well as for ourselves.But how many mouths have you? One.Yes, for we have to eat for ourselves only,and not for others. But the Giant Selfishnessnever sees, or hears, or does anything forany one but himself. He keeps himselfclose in his loathsome den, a grim, brawnygiant; a giant of immense strength, witharms like the gnarled branches of an oak-tree, and sharp, curving claws to his hands,with which he grasps at everything withinhis reach. fWoe to the poor wretches heseizes upon, and carries to his lair! Theysoon begin to grow just like himself, mean,"-iiserable creatures !If you find that you are getting to think
26 THE SECOND l-i.1 i' :more of YOURSELF than of others, then besure the giant is after you. If you see aboy or a girl pick out for themselves thelargest piece of cake, or the biggest andnicest apple, when these are handed round,you may be sure the Giant Selfishness is atwork on them. If they don't take care, hewill soon have them as his prisoners.Now, we must ALL FIGHT this giant. ButHOW are we to do tlli- Not by standingoff at a distance, and throwing stones at him,as we are to do with the Giant Heathenism.This will not do here. No, THIS must be aclose, hand-to-hand tigl, We must grapplehim, and wrestle with hmn. WE MUST FIGHTTHIS GIANT BY -1.l.F-l.i I'.Let me show you what mean by this.There were two little boys, named Jamesand William. One day, as they were juststarting for school, their father gave themeach a penny to spend for themselves. The
,ELFISHNESS. 27little fellows were very much pleased withthis, and went off as merry as crickets."What are you going to buy, William ?"said James, after they had walked a littleway."I don't know," William replied; "Ihave not thought yet. What are you goingto buy ?""Why, I tell you what I believe I'll do.You know mother is sick. Now, I thinkI'll buy her a nice orange. I think it willtaste good to her."" You may do so, if you please, James," saidWilliam; "but Irm going to buy somethingfor MYSELF. Father gave 4ae the money toSspend for m yself, a4 d I m ean to do it. Ifmother wants an orange she can send for it.> She's got money, and Hannah gets every-thing she wants."" I know that," said James; " but then itwould make me feel so happy to see her
28 THE SECOND GIANT:eating an orange that I had bought for herwith my own money. She is always doingsomething for us, or getting us some nicething, and I want to let her see that I don'tforget it.""Do as you please," said William, "butI go in for the candy, t-0 Presently they came to the confectioner'sshop. William invested his penny in cream-candy; but James bought a nice orange.When they went home at noon, he wentinto his mother's chamber, and said,-" See,mother, what a nice orange I have broughtyou !"" It is, indeed, very nice, my son, and itwill taste very good to me. I have beenwanting an orange all the morning. Wheredid you get it ?""Father gave me a penny this morning,and I bought the orange with it.""You are very good, my dear boy, to
SELFISHNESS. " 29think of your sick mother. And you wouldn'tspend your money for cakes, or candy, butdenied yourself, that you might get an orangefor me Mother loves you for this exercise' 1' , 'THE ORANGE.of self-denial." And then she threw herarms around his neck, and kissed him.Now, here you see how the Giant Sel-fishness made an attack on these two boys.James fought him off, bravely, by the
30 THE SECOND GIANT : SELFISHNESS.EXERCISE OF SELF-DENIAL. William refusedto exercise self-denial, and so the giant gota hitch of his chain around him. We shallfind this giant making attacks upon us allthe time. We can only fight him off bySELF-DENIAL.
r-COVETOUSNESS."JM,,. 11HE third giant I want to speak aboutand very strong in limb; but hehas the tiniest little bit of a heart youever saw. It isn't bigger than a bantamchicken's heart. You might put it in anutshell. The only wonder is, how so hugea frame can be supported by so little a heart.But this is not all, for little as his heartis, it is as hard as stone. We sometimeshear of people dying with what is called theossification of the heart. Ossification means,turning to bone. When a man's heart gets
32 THE THIRD GIANT:hard, or turns to bone, he dies. Accordingto this rule, the Giant Covetousness oughtto have been dead long ago. It's a perfectwonder how he manages to live, with hislittle heart all turned to stone. But heDOES live; yes, and not only lives, but ishearty and strong. He is very active.His castle is of great size, and he alwayshas it crowded with prisoners. Thosewhom he once fairly gets into his chainsfind it very hard to break loose. Yet thisis very strange, for he is a most disagreeablecreature. He drives the poor away fromhis door. If a shivering beggar comes by;he buttons up his pocket, lest by any meansa penny should happen to get out. He canhear about poor widows and orphans starv-ing with hunger, and perishing with cold,but never sheds a tear, or heaves a sigh, orgives the least trifle for their relief. Whenhe knows of worthy people being in need,
COVETOUSNESS. 33he" shutteth up his compassion from them."His heart is hard as a rock, and cold as an"iceberg. He loves money better than any-thing else in the world. He gets all hecan, and keeps all he gets. He is ashamedof his name, and won't answer to it. Hepretends that his right name is-FRUGALITY.But this is not true. Frugality is a verydifferent person. He is a good, true, honestfellow. I know he is a sort of SECONDCOUSIN of the giant, and some people thinkhe looks very much like him; but I don'tthink he does at all. At anyrate this isNOT the giant's name. His own, real, propername is COVETOUSNESS; and his puny, little,stony-heart PROVES it.Well, his prisoners all become wonder-fully like him. Their hearts shrivel up tillthey are almost as little and as hard as his.But how may we know when he is trying to. make people his prisoners ? Very easily.S (408) 3
34 THE THIRD GIANT :When you see people learning to love theirmoney more than they used to do; whenthey always tie their purse-strings verytight, and are very slow to untie them;when you -hear them, all the time, grum-bling about there being so many collectionstaken up, and so many calls for money;when you find them unwilling to give;when you see them wince and wriggle underparting with a little money, as though youwere drawing one of their eye-teeth out oftheir heads;--then you may know that theGiant Covetousness has got a hold uponthese people.My dear children, I want you all to fightbravely against this giant. If you ask,How are you to fight him ? I answer, ByLEARNING TO GIVE. He hates giving above"all things. It hurts his feelings dreadfully.Once get into the habit of giving, and henever can fasten his chains upon you.
COVETOUSNESS. 35" Mother," asked a little boy who wastrying to make a good beginning of the newyear, " how much of my spending money doyou think I ought to give to God ?"Al'y -- .,bL/THE GOOD BOY." I don't know," said his mother. "Howmuch have you ?" He opened his purse,and out dropped on the table a crown-piecehis grandmother had given him for a Christ-mas present, a shilling, and a sixpence."There's my crown-piece, I'll halve
36 THE THIRD GIANT:that," said he; "a shilling and a sixpencemake eighteenpence, and half of that is nine-pence. But no, I'LL GIVE THE LARGER HALFTO GOD. I'll give him half the crown andthe shilling."I don't believe the Giant Covetousnesswill ever get a single link of his chain fast-ened on the limbs of that noble-heartedboy.But I want to tell you about a great,battle once fought between this giant and adeacon in a church in New England. Wemay call the deacon's name Holdfast. Thestory is a true one, though this was not theman's real name. Before Deacon Holdfastbecame a Christian, he had been a prisonerof the giant's for years. The chains of thegiant had been so rivetted upon his limbs,that he found it very hard to get rid ofthem. Many a sharp conflict they had to-gether. Sometimes the deacon would get
COVETOUSNESS. 27the victory, but more frequently the giant.Still the deacon wouldn't give up. He wasdetermined not to wear the giant's chain.And after the fight that I'm going to tellyou about, he got such an advantage overthe giant that he never troubled him muchagain. It happened in this way :-In the same church to which the deaconbelonged there was a worthy, honest, goodpman, who was very poor. This poor manhad the misfortune to lose his cow. Shedied. The poor man was in great distress.The cow was his chief dependence for thesupport of his family. He went and toldthe deacon about his trouble. In order toaid him in getting another cow, the gooddeacon drew up a subscription-paper, andput his own name down, at the head of it,for a guinea, which he paid over. Thismade the Giant Covetousness very angry.He took on dreadfully. He began to
38 THE THIRD GIANT:rave and storm, and tried to frighten thedeacon."What's the use of all this waste ?" heTHE POOR MAN AND THE DEACON.cried. "Charity begins at home. Themore you give, the more you may give.Why can't you let people take care of them-
COVETOUSNESS. 39selves ? What right have you to take thebread out of the mouths of your own chil-dren, and give it to strangers ? Go on atthis rate, and the poorhouse, wretchedness,poverty, and rags are what you will cometo."This made the deacon angry. His spiritwas roused. He went to the poor man towhom he had given the subscription, andtold him he must give him back the guinea.The poor fellow's heart sunk within him.He thought he should never get his cowagain. But he handed over the money.The deacon stood a moment as if hesitatingwhat to do. At last he said to the poorman, "My brother, some people are verymuch troubled with their old women, but Iam troubled most with my OLD MAN. H-has been scolding me dreadfully for givingyou so much money; but now I mean tofix him." And then turning round, as if
40 THE THIRD GIANT: COVETOUSNESS.addressing the giant, he said, "Old fellow,I want you to understand that I mean togive away just as much money as I thinkright." And then, opening his purse, headded, " I shall now give this good brothertwo guineas instead of one, and if you sayanother word I'll give him FOUR instead oftwo! "This was a dreadful blow to the giant.It laid him sprawling on the ground. Ittook him, as the Bible says, "under thefifth rib." It knocked the breath clean outof him. He hadn't a word to say.LEARNING TO GIVE is the way in which tofight the Giant Covetousness.-_ "- .:..
HE fourth giant of which I shallspeak is the GIANT ILL-TEMPER.This giant is almost as large andstrong as the others, and he is quiteas ugly. He is not pleasant to look upon,I assure you. He has more to do withyoung people than either of the others,though he does attack old people too some-times. He is always in a pet. From con-stant pouting, his lips have grown horriblythick.It is a strange thing that this giant is tobe found everywhere,-in-doors and out-of-doors,-in town and country,-in street and
42 THE FOURTH GIANT :lane. He is always on the watch--crouch-ing, it may be, in some dark corner-for aprisoner, whom he seizes and binds withropes, not very easily to be got rid of!Now, let me give you some signs by whichyou may know when this giant is gettinghold of a boy or girl. x He generally waitsand watches till he hears them asked to dosomething which he knows they don't like.Then he is ready, in a moment, to begin hisattack. He makes the eye begin to frown.He puckers up the mouth; he makes thelips pout, and swell out to twice their usualsize. The fingers begin to wri-_':, aboutlike a set of worms; or sometimes one ofthe fingers goes into the corner of the mouth.The shoulders are seen to twist about, firstone way and then another. If the boy hasa book in his hand, down it drops on thefloor, or else it is flung across the room. Ifhe is walking, he stamps with his foot, as if
ILL-TEMPER. 43lie were trying to get a tight shoe on. Ifhe is sitting, his feet begin to swing back-ward and forward, and make a great noiseby striking against the chair. Sometimeshe seems to become deaf and dumb. Hehears nothing and says nothing. At othertimes he speaks, but it is just like a dogsnarling over a bone.Whenever you see these signs you mayknow that this ugly giant is about, and isbusy making prisoners. And if you don'tfight bravely against him, he will fastenhis chains on you, and then you will bespoiled.BUT HIOW ARE WE TO FIGHT AGAINST THISGIANT ? I answer,-BY TRYING TO BE LIKEJESUS.We always think of him as the "gentleJesus, meek and mild." Do you supposethat this giant ever got a single link of hischain on Jesus ? No. Do you suppose
44 THE FOURTH GIANT:Jesus ever spoke a cross word to any one ?No. Do you suppose he ever did an un-kind act to any one ? No. We have noparticular history of the childhood of Jesus.But we know how he acted when he wasa man, and we know that he was always thesame. If we try to be like Jesus, the giantIll-temper will never get hold of us. Whenyou are tempted to speak cross words, or todo unkind things, ask yourself the question,What would Jesus do or say if he were inmy situation ? In this way you will alwaysbe able to fight off this giant.I was reading lately about two little sis-ters who always lived happily together.The Giant Ill-temper never could catchthem. They had the same books and thesame playthings, yet they never quarrelled.No cross words, no pouts, no slaps, no run-ning away in a pet, ever took place withthem. Whether they were sitting on the
ILL-TEMPER. 45green before the door, or playing with theirold dog Congo, or dressing their dolls, orhelping their mother, they were always thesame sweet-tempered little girls."You never seem to quarrel," said aSi\THE HAPPY SISTERS.lady, visiting at their house one day."How is it that you are always so happytogether "They looked up, and the elder sister
46 THE FOURTH GIANT:answered, "I spousee it's 'cause ADDIE LETSME, AND I LET ADDIE."Ah, yes, it's just THIS LETTING that keepsthe giant off. What a beautiful picture thatis of those sweet-tempered sisters But seewhat a different one this is."I I tILL-TEMPER.AA mother hears a noise under the window." Gerty, what's the matter ? "" Mary won't let me have her ball," criesGerty.
ILL-TEMIPER. 47"Well, Gerty wouldn't let me have herpencil in school," cries Mary, "and I don'tmean she shall have my ball.""Fie, fie is that the way for sisters toact towards each other ?" says the mother." She'll only lose my pencil," muttersGerty, "and she shan't have it.""And she'll only lose my ball," repliesMary, "and I won't let her have it '"Ah, the giant had got fast hold of thesetwo girls. They didn't known how to fight-him. They were not trying to be like Jesus.' -'. --
.. ---, " ". ," :'.-' :-* '-h, J$ifth iant:INTEMPERANCE.HE last giant I wish to speak aboutl i- the GIANT INTEMPERANCE.When a person is making a speech,aJ i d giving reasons to persuade thosewho hear him to do anything, he generallykeeps the strongest reason for the last; and iso I have put the Giant Intemperance last,and shall say more about him than any ofthe others, because he is the most important.He is the worst giant of the whole lot, as Ithink you will be ready to own after youhave heard a little about him.He is a very ugly-looking fellow. Whenhe is in a good humour, and feels jolly, he
THE FIFTH GIANT: INTEMPERANCE. 49Sputs on a silly face, and looks very foolish;but when he gets in a passion, he is awful-looking, and it makes one shudder to seehim. Often he is found lurking in somedark corner, and grovelling on the ground,with his hair matted, and his eyes red andfiery-a sorry spectacle! His face is fre-quently all bruised and swollen, from thefights in which he has been engaged. Some-times he goes unwashed and unshaved fordays together; and then, with a rough,shaggy beard, and with an old crumpled haton his head, he may be seen reeling andstaggering about the streets, a perfectnuisance to the neighbourhood.He is very wicked too. He breaks everycommandment of God's law. He is theauthor of nearly every crime that is com-mitted. It is he who sets on men andwomen to sin. He fills our poor-houses,our prisons, and penitentiaries. If it were(408) 4
.50 THE FIFTH GIANT :not for him, we might dismiss most of ourpolice, do without half our courts, close ourstation-houses, tear down our prisons, andburn our gallows.Sin follows him like a shadow wherever hegoes. Quarrelling, swearing, fighting, rob-bing, murdering, and all kinds of wickednessabound where this giant dwells.Of all the giants in this country he is thelargest, the most powerful, and in everyway the most dangerous. He is strongerhere than almost anywhere else. There wasa time when he might easily have beendriven out of the land. But now he hasbuilt so many castles and gloomy dungeons;he has so rnny thousands of men in his ser-vice, and so much money to use in his de-fence, that he bids defiance to his enemies.. More sermons and speeches have been de-livered against him, more books written,more societies formed, and more efforts made
INTEMPERANCE. 51in every way against him, than all the restput together.And though he is thousands of years old,and has been through hundreds of battles,he does not seem to grow weak or stiff withage, like Giant Paganism, that Bunyan tellsof in " The Pilgrim's Progress." But every.year he seems to get stronger and moreactive. And oh, what a sad sight it is tolook into his dungeons. Hundreds andthousands of prisoners in our land are boundfast in his chains. He has more of themthan any other giant here. And they arenot from any one class only. The rich andthe poor, the high and the low are amongthem. Labouring men, mechanics, mer-chants, lawyers, doctors, ministers; men andwomen, and even children too, are draggedinto his dungeons. The most accomplished,the most talented, the most beautiful, themost amiable, fall under his power. Thou-
52 THE FIFTH GIANT:sands of captives are taken from his dungeonsin our own country every year, and buriedin the drunkard's grave. How dreadfulthis is to think of.We read in history that a good manyyears ago, when Greece was one of the firstnations of the world, there was a greatmonster who troubled a part of that landvery much. He made them send him everyyear seven boys and seven girls. These heused to eat. And every year, when the timecame for sending these poor children, what ascene of sorrow there was How the parentscried, and how the friends and relativescried And how those that were going tobe slaughtered cried, as they went on boardthe great ship, with black sails, that carriedthe victims to the monster Those peoplethought it was a terrible thing to have thatdreadful plague devour FOURTEEN of theirchildren every year. But what was that
INTEMPERANCE. 53Grecian monster in comparison with thisawful Giant Intemperance? He takesTHOUSANDS of men, and women, and children,every year, and devours them.Of course, he must be very busy makingprisoners, to be able to take so many. Hesets a great many traps and snares to catchpeople. The taverns, grog-shops, and drink-ing-saloons, along our streets, are all TRAPShe has set.- There he sits, watching tocatch any passer-by, just as you often see aspider quietly waiting in its web to entanglesome poor fly. Into these traps people areenticed. They are tempted to drink. Theylearn to love drinking. And when thishabit is formed, they become his prisoners.But these are not his only snares. Heis very cunning, and often catches peoplewhere they have no idea there is anydangerSometimes he. puts little traps inside of
,4 THE FIFTH GIANT:tempting-looking sugar-plums, to catch boysand girls. He drops a little wine, or cordial,or brandy, into these sugar-plums, and thenspreads them out in the confectioners' win-dows. These are bought and eaten. Thetaste for liquor is formed, and so by degreesthe giant fastens his chain upon the buyers,till they too become his prisoners.Sometimes he spreads a snare in the socialevening party. A pleasant company isassembled. Refreshments are handed round.Wine or some other intoxicating drink ispoured out. A young man is asked to takesome, but declines. He is pressed to drinkto the health of a friend. He hesitates, notwishing to hurt his friend's feelings, butthinks he can't refuse without doing so.The glass is taken; then another, andanother, till at last he is intoxicated. Thegiant has fastened the first link of his cruelchain upon him. The taste for drink is
INTEMPERANCE. 55liijti^'j-- -.----i.jTEMlPTATION.formed now. He wants more and more.-and-by he can't do without it. Thefry.,,r-i m .. more.Bo-and-o He wan't d w .or t indt. oeByan-b h cn' o itou i. h
56 THE FIFTH GIANT:giant has bound him, hand and foot, and heis dragged helplessly down to ruin.These are some of his ways of catchingpeople. He does not pounce upon them,and drag them off at once; but he capturesthem by degrees. Doyou know how a boa-constrictor seizes a sheep, or a cow ? Whenhe sees one coming, he darts suddenly forth,throws a part of his huge body around theanimal, then another, and another, till hehas bound it so tight that it cannot move.It is unable to resist then, and the serpentcrushes it to death in his powerful folds.Well, just so this giant fights. He does notbind his prisoners fast at once, but windshimself gradually about them. Every timethey drink liquor he throws a fold aroundthem. Tighter and tighter he grasps them,until he has them completely in his power.When you see a person beginning to drinkintoxicating liquor of any kind, be sure the
INTEMPERANCE. 57giant is after him. You may always knowwhen he is coming, and I will tell you how.Did you ever see a shark? You knowwhat horrible creatures they are, and howmuch the sailors dread them. They willbite off a man's leg, or even swallow himwhole, and make nothing of it. Well, youcan always tell when a shark is about. Hesends a little fish ahead of him, called thepilot-fish. If you see one of these about thevessel, then look out for a shark, He iscertainly near, and you will soon see him.Now, the Giant Intemperance always sendsa sort of pilot-fish ahead of him. He nevercomes before it; but is pretty sure to comeafter it. Wherever you see it look out forthe giant. Do you know what it is ? It isA BOTTLE, or DECANTER. When you see oneof these in use, you may be sure the giantis not far off.When a person gets into his power
58 THE FIFTH GIANT:everything begins to go wrong with him.His business is neglected. His money issquandered. He becomes unkind to hiswife and children, or undutiful to his parents.He spends for drink that which should goto support his family. He becomes cruel, andhard-hearted, passionate, and fierce. Hisevil tempers are roused. They conquer hisbetter feelings. He turns from the path ofvirtue and enters that of vice. That is adown-hill path, and the giant pushes himon faster and faster. He loses all sense ofshame, and hesitates not at any sin. Thereis nothing so mean, so base, so wicked, thatthe prisoner of this giant will not do. Hisprospects for the future are ruined the mo-ment he is securely bound. Yes, RUINED;ruined for time, and for eternity. Misery,poverty, disgrace, and want, are the portionthe giant gives him while he lives; and,when he dies, he finds the truth of the Bible
INTEMPERANCE. S9statement, that "drunkards shall NOT inheritthe kingdom of God."This Giant Intemperance is the one weare now to speak about. Is he not ahorrible fellow? And should we not allengage in fighting him ?Now, there are two things for us to con-sider: HOW WE ARE TO FIGHT HIM; and WHYWE SHOULD FIGHT HIM. The way in which,and the reason why, we ought to fight him.By fighting this Giant Intemperance Idon't mean going into his dungeons, andtrying to get his prisoners out. This weought to do with all our hearts wheneverwe can. But the kind of fighting I amgoing now to talk about is what soldierswould call DEFENSIVE WARFARE; that is, howto keep him off from OURSELVES, so that heshall not make us his prisoners.We are to do this BY DRINKING COLDWATER. Of course, I do not mean to put
60 THE FIFTH GIANT:cold water in opposition to milk, or tea, orcoffee. If we only keep to such drinks asthese the giant's hands will never be laid onus. But I mean cold water in oppositionto cider, beer, wine, brandy, gin, whisky,and the like, as our habitual drink.Some people say that it does no harm todrink A LITTLE. Let us see whether this isso or not.Suppose you were on the top of a highmountain, and wanted to amuse yourself byrolling a large stone down its side. Someone, standing by, objects to this sport, tell-ing you that it may perhaps fall on the headof a traveller climbing up the mountain, andcrush him to death; or break through theroof of some cottage far down in the valley."Oh, no !" you reply; " I only intend toroll it a LITTLE WAY. I don't mean to let itgo far enough to do any mischief." But, ifyou bring it to the edge, and push it over,
INTEMPERANCE. 61can you stop it when you please 1 Ofcourse not. The easiest, the safest, theONLY way to prevent any danger, would beNOT TO SET IT IN MOTION AT ALL.Just so it is with drinking. There is nodanger while we keep to cold water and letall kinds of liquor alone. But if we begintaking a little now and then, we shall soonfind it hard to stop; and if the habit goeson increasing, it will, before long, be almostimpossible to give it up. Every cup wetake, like each successive roll of the stone,only makes the next more easy.In the story of Sinbad the Sailor, weread that, in one of his voyages, he landedon a pleasant island. While walking aboutthere he met a little old man, who askedhim if he would not be so kind as to helphim a little on his journey. Sinbad stoopeddown, picked him up, and set him on hisshoulders. By-and-by he began to be tired,
C2 THE FIFTH GIANT:and wanted the old man to get down. Buthe wouldn't. After a little while he askedhim again to get off. But still he refused.Then Sinbad tried to shake him off. Butlie couldn't. The man clung on as if forlife. So poor Sinbad had to journey on,and on, with this load upon his shoulders.Now, if you let this giant once get holdof you, you will have as much trouble toget rid of him as Sinbad had with the oldman. He will probably cling to you forlife, and be a load too heavy for you tobear. The only way is to KEEP HIM OFFALTOGETHER.The great Dr. Johnson used to say, thatit was easy not to drink at all, but hard todrink a little, and not soon take a greatdeal. There is danger in drinking liquor atall, but there is no danger in not drinking.One thing is certain, if we use only coldwater we shall never be made prisoners
INTEMPERANCE. 63by this giant. He has no power at allover those who keep to cold water, andnone of his attempts can succeed againstthem.In fairy tales we sometimes read aboutthe CHARMS or TALISMANS, which the personsthere described are said to wear. These aresupposed to have the power of protectingthose who use them from all their enemies.No one, it was thought, could harm themwhile they had these about them. Well,COLD WATER is the talisman for us, if we donot want to become prisoners of this giant.He never can conquer us while we makethis our drink.Now, the next thing we were to con-sider was, WHY we should fight against thisgiant.There are FOUR reasons for doing so, inthe way spoken of,-that is, by the use ofcold water.
64 THE FIFTH GIANT:THE FIRST REASON FOR FIGHTING.We should fight against the giant in thisway, because COLD WATER IS THE DRINK THATGOD HAS MADE FOR US.We have springs and fountains of water-_- -__.-- r. :THE NATURAL SPRING.all over the world. They are found in everyland. Wherever we find people living,there we find water for them to drink.But we never find anything else than water
INTEMPERANCE. 65in these springs. Springs differ very much,both in taste and quality. The water fromone spring will have sulphur in it; anotherwill have iron in it; another will havemagnesia in it; another will have somekind of salt in it;-but there never was aspring found in all the world that hadalcohol in it. Alcohol, you know, is thepart of wine or liquor that intoxicates, ormakes people drunk. But alcohol is neverfound in the water that God has made, asit comes gushing up, pure and sparkling,from the earth. Nobody ever heard of anatural spring that yielded whisky, or ale, orporter, or wine, or gin, or brandy. But ifit had been good for us to have such drinksas these, God would have made them. Hecould have made springs that would yielddifferent kinds of liquor just as easily as hemade the trees to bear different kinds offruit. If it had been necessary for us, there(40o) 5
66 THE FIFTH GIANT :would have been in every neighbourhoodone or two ale or brandy fountains. Butyou may travel round the globe from east towest, from north to south; you may visitevery country, and examine every stream,and spring, and well, and you will not findanywhere a single wine or brandy spring.When God made Adam and Eve, youknow he put them in the beautiful gardenof Eden. In that garden, we are told, "theLord God made to grow every tree that waspleasant to the sight and good for food.And a river went out of Eden to water thegarden; and it was parted, and came intofour heads." This is what the Bible tellsus about that garden. We know it musthave been very beautiful. Everything thatGod makes is beautiful. When he makes arainbow, how beautiful it is! When hemakes a butterfly, how beautiful it is!When he makes a flower, a tree, a star, a
INTEMPERANCE. 67sun, they are all beautiful. And whenGod undertook to make a garden, oh, howVERY beautiful it must have been! Whatgently swelling hills !-what level plains --what shady groves !-what velvet lawns !-what green, mossy banks !-what gracefultrees!-what fragrantflowers!-what springs.and fountains of cool, crystal water werethere Everything that was pleasant tothe eye and to the ear, to the taste and tothe smell, was there; but do you supposethat in any part of the garden of Edenthere was a wine or brandy fountain ? No;nothing of the kind was found there. Well,then, if cold water was the drink which Godgave Adam in Eden; if cold water is thedrink which God has made for us, and if itis the ONLY DRINK he has made for us, doesn'tit follow very naturally that cold water isthe best drink for us, and the one that weshould use in preference to all others? And
68 THE FIFTH GIANT :doesn't it follow, too, that we should havenothing to do with the Giant Intemperance,but should resist him with all our might ?The first reason, then, why we shouldfight against the Giant Intemperance is,because COLD WATER IS THE DRINK GOD HASMADE FOR US.THE SECOND REASON FOR FIGHTING.We should fight against this giant be-cause HE IS AN ENEMY TO HEALTH ANDSTRENGTH.He never allows a prisoner of his topossess these blessings. He does not takethem away at once; but, little by little, herobs every captive of them. The atmos-phere of his dungeons is poisonous.When one has been a captive of this giantfor several years, what a picture of diseasehe presents He is only the wreck of aman. His strength of body and of mind is
INTEMPERANCE. 69gone; and his drooping head, his bloatedface, his bloodshot eyes, his trembling hands,and staggering step, tell plainly what thegiant has done for him. And then comesthe delirium tremens, that dreadful sickness,caught only in this giant's dungeons, withall its horrors, and hurries the poor man offto the drunkard's grave.And those whom the giant only catchesnow and then, and who soon escape againfrom his clutches, do not get off uninjured.And even those who are never really madeprisoners, who only take a little, do them-selves harm. Many persons do not believethat this is so. They think a little wine orbrandy strengthens them, and does themgood, and that it is only because somepeople drink too much and get intoxicated,that there is harm done by drinking. Butliquors will injure if taken at all, thoughthe more we take the worse it will be for us.
70 THE FIFTH GIANT:Cold water, however, PROMOTES health.and strength. There can be no doubt about"this; neither can there be any doubt aboutthe bad effect of liquors.God is the wisest and most skilful physi-cian in the universe. He knows what isbest for the health and strength of people;and he prescribes cold water as the bestdrink.Some years ago there was a man whohad a severe wound in his side. It healedat last, but left an opening with a flap ofskin lying over it, and through this openingpersons could see right into his stomach.The physician who attended him tried agreat many interesting experiments uponhim. When he made his patient drink coldwater, and live on plain food, he found hisstomach in a healthy state. When he madehim use wine or brandy for several days, hefound the inside of his stomach inflamed
INTEMPERANCE. 71and sore; and the man would complain ofpain in his stomach, and headache, and sayhe felt very unwell.There is an interesting story mentionedin the Bible that illustrates this point. Youremember when Daniel and his companionswent to Babylon, they were chosen, with anumber of others, to go through a course oftraining to fit them for appearing in the pre-sence of the king. While undergoing thisti i,l;,. they were expected to drink wine,and eat certain articles of food which a piousJew did not feel at liberty to use. Thethought of doing this was a great trial toDaniel and his friends. They could notfeel willing to do it. They therefore askedthe officer who had charge of them to ex-cuse them from eating the meat and drink-ing the wine which the others used, andallow them to drink water and eat pulse-that is, such things as rice, beans, &c. The
72 THE FIFTH GIANT:officer was a great friend to Daniel, and hesaid he would be very glad to accommodatehim and his friends in this matter, but hewas afraid that if he did so they would growthin and pale. while the rest would be look-ADANIEL AND HIS COMPANIONSing hearty and strong; and then, when theking came to see them, he would be dis-pleased at him, and perhaps order his headto be taken off. Then Daniel asked himto be so kind as to try the experiment for
INTEMPERANCE. 73ten days, and see how it worked. He didso. Daniel and his friends had rice, andsuch like articles for food, and drank water,while the other young men ate meat and,drank wine. At the end of ten days theofficer found that Daniel and his companionswere stouter and healthier than all the rest.It is a great mistake to suppose thatwine and liquors have the effect of makingpeople strong and hearty. They have justthe opposite effect. There is no drink thatgives more real strength than cold water.You know how strong the ox and thehorse are, and what hard work they haveto do. Well, what do they drink ? Water,and nothing else. Take the horse, or theox, after he has been ploughing hard allday, and is worn out with fatigue. Offerhim a bucket of beer or wine. Will hedrink it? Not a drop. But give him abucket of water, and how quickly he will
74 THE FIFTH GIANT:drink it up! Water gives the horse hisstrength; and the ox, and the huge ele-phant too.Look at that giant oak-tree. Howstrong it is! Yet it drinks nothing butwater. You know that trees DRINK, aswell as men and cattle. The tree drinksthrough its roots, and through its leaves.If you break the tender stem of a plant ortree, you see a milky sort of liquid oozeout. We call it the sap. The sap is tothe tree just what the blood is to ourbodies. Their growth and strength dependupon it. But water makes the best sap forthe trees, as it makes the best blood for ourbodies. Take any plant, and let it havenothing but wine or brandy to moisten itsleaves and roots, and it will die. Supposeit should rain wine or brandy for sixmonths, what would the effect be ? Allthe plants and trees would die.
INTEMPERANCE. 75One day a temperance man met a poor,miserable sailor, who had almost ruinedhimself with drink. He induced him tosign the pledge for one year. Jack likedthe improvement in his health and pros-pects so much, that when the year was outhe went and renewed the pledge for life !He had just received his wages, which hewas carrying in a bag in the inner side-pocketof his jacket. It looked like a great lump orswelling there. On his way home he metthe tavern-keeper at whose house he usedto spend his wages in liquor, and thoughthe would have a little fun with him."Well, old fellow," said the tavern-keeper, "how do you do ? "" Pretty well," said the sailor, "onlyI've got a hard lump here, on my side.""Ah !" said the other, "it's cold waterthat has made that."" Do you think so ? "
76 THE FIFTH GIANT :"Yes, I know it. Only give up yourmiserable cold water slops, and drink somegood liquor, and it will soon take the lumpaway.THE SAILOR AND THE PUBLICAN."But," said the sailor, "I have just re-newed the pledge, and I can't do it.""Then mind what I say," said thetavern-keeper,--" that lump will go on in-creasing, and very likely before another
INTEMPERANCE. 77year you'll have one on the other sidetoo.""I hope I shall," said the sailor, takingout his bag of silver, and shaking it."Good-bye."Some years ago a vessel, loaded withiron, was wrecked on the coast of NewJersey in the winter-time. The hold ofthe vessel was partially filled with water.It was necessary to get the iron out beforethe vessel went to pieces. The weatherwas intensely cold; and to stand in thewater and handle the cold iron, was verysevere work. The men hired to unload thevessel were divided into three sets, whowere to relieve each other as often as mightbe necessary. The first set of men drankpretty freely of brandy before they began,in order, as they said, to keep up theirstrength. They were worn out in about anhour. The next set drank hot coffee, and
78 THE FIFTH GIANT :they stood the work for above two hours.The third set were cold-water men, andthey were able to continue at the work forabout three hours before they were relieved.A good many years ago, the crew of aDanish ship, numbering sixty persons, hadto spend the winter up towards the NorthPole, in Hudson's Bay. They were sup-plied with provisions, and had plenty ofliquor, of which they drank freely. Beforespring, FIFTY-EIGHT out of the sixty had died,leaving only TWO men to return home. Notlong after, the crew of an English vessel,numbering twenty-two men, had to pass awinter in the same neighbourhood. Theyhad no ardent spirits with them, and onlyTwo of the company died during the wholewinter.When ships, on board of which muchliquor is used, go into warm climates, theyare always having sickness and death among
INTEMPERANCE. 7Dthe crews; but temperance ships will oftenmake the same voyages, and hardly have asingle case of sickness or death on board.This shows how health follows cold-waterdrinkers, while it flies from the presence ofthe giant.But nothing proves this more certainly,than to notice the different effect whichdisease has on those who are in the habitof drinking liquor, from what it has onthose who drink water.When a dreadful disease, like the cholera,.or the yellow fever, breaks out, those whodrink liquor are the most likely to take it,and the least likely to get well of it. Theconstant or habitual use of liquor makesthe system ripe, or ready for disease.An English gentleman, who was inRussia while the cholera was prevailing,says, "It is a remarkable circumstance, thatpersons given to drinking were swept away[--- -~--~ ~---~~ `--~ ~~~~ ~~
80 THE FIFTH GIANT:.like flies. In one town of twenty thousandinhabitants, every drunkard has fallen !-allare dead-not one remains "A physician in Poland says, " The diseasespared all those who led regular, temperatelives, and lived in healthy situations; butthose weakened by drinking were alwaysattacked. Out of every hundred individualsdestroyed by cholera, it can be proved thatNINETY were accustomed to the free use ofardent spirits."A physician, who was in Montreal at thetime the cholera was there, says, that"after there had been one thousand twohundred cases, it was found out that not asingle drunkard who took it recovered, andthat almost all who DID take it had been atleast moderate drinkers."There were two hundred and four casesof cholera in the Park Hospital, in NewYork, at one time. Of these only six were
INTEMPERANCE. 81temperate people. They all got well. Ofthe rest, one hundred and twenty-two diedof the disease.The cholera prevailed very badly in thecity of Albany, in 1832. There were thenfive thousand members of the temperancesociety in that city. Only Two of themdied of the disease. There were twentythousand persons there, not members of thetemperance society. Among them therewere three hundred and thirty-four deathsfrom cholera. Only think of this. Twodeaths out of five thousand temperatepeople, and MORE THAN EIGHTY deaths out ofevery five thousand of those who were nottemperate !These facts prove very clearly the pointwe are considering. They show that coldwater helps to make a man strong andhearty, and keeps him free from sickness;while wines, and brandies, and all such(408) 6
82 THE FIFTH GIANT:drinks, weaken those who use them at all,and make them more likely to take disease.And if those who never take enough tobe made prisoners by this giant, who onlyventure on his grounds and walk about hiscastle, without ever getting fairly entrapped,are so much injured by the poison thatcomes forth from his dungeons, how must itbe with those who are bound captives andkept in those dungeons ?Oh, then, we should fight against theGiant Intemperance, and try to keep clearof him, BECAUSE HE IS AN ENEMY TO HEALTHAND STRENGTH.THE THIRD REASON FOR FIGHTING.We should fight against this giant, BECAUSEHE IS AN ENEMY TO SAFETY AND HONOUR.The Giant Intemperance exposes hisprisoners to many dangers. He makesthen unfit to take care of themselves.
INTEMPERANCE. 83They do not know when they are in danger,and if they did they are unable to avoid it.When one of them is walking, you expectevery minute to see him tumble and breaksome of his bones. Look in the paper anymorning, and you are almost sure to see anaccount of some poor man who has been runover by a locomotive, or drowned by fallingoff a pier or canal bank at night;-and ninetimes out of ten, if you asked how it hap-pened, you would find that he was a captive ofthe giant. The only wonder is, that all hisprisoners are not killed thus.And, of course, if they are unable to carefor themselves, they are unfit to take anycare of others. Yet the lives of hundredsof men and women are often put in peril,and sometimes lost, by the influence of thisgiant on one or two persons.Who would want to trust themselves atsea with a captain and crew who were crazy ?
84 THE FIFTH GIANT:Who would want to travel in a railwaytrain, if they knew that the engineer andconductor were either crazy all the time, orsubject at any time to spells of craziness ?But a drunken man is no better than a crazyone. And a person in the habit of drinkingis liable at any moment to get drunk, andso to become crazy.But the use of cold water keeps a manfrom thus losing his reason, and so enableshim to see and avoid dangers. It promotessafety. How many of the steamboat ex-plosions and shipwrecks occurring con-tinually might be prevented, if the personsin charge of them were only cold-watermen!Some time ago there was a steamboatplying on one of the American rivers. Shewas called the Fame. Captain Gordon, hercommander, was a temperance man, andallowed no liquor to be kept, or used, by
INTEMPERANCE. 85any of the officers or crew. About thattime a new safety-valve for steam-engineshad been invented, which it was thoughtwould tend to prevent explosions. It wascalled "Evan's Patent Safety-Valve." Agood many people were unwilling to travelin any steamboat, unless it had one of thesevalves. One day a gentleman called onCaptain Gordon in the cabin of his boat,and told him that he and twenty persons inhis company were desirous of going on in hisboat; "But," said the gentleman, "I can'tdo it, neither can my company; for I havebeen below examining your machinery, andI find you haven't got 'Evan's PatentSafety-Valve' attached to your engine. Forthis reason we can't go with you.""I shall be very happy to have yourcompany," said Captain Gordon. " Comebelow, and I will show you the best safety-valve in the world."
86 'THE FiFTH GIANT:They walked down together to the engine-room. The captain stepped up to his sturdyengineer, and clapping him on the shoulder,said to the gentleman,-" There, sir, is my- -[Tll: AFETY-VALVE.safety-valve--the best to be found any-where;--a man who neeer drinks anythingbut PURE COLD WATER!""You are right, Captain," said the
INTEMPERANCE. 87stranger; "I want no better safety-valvethan that. We will come on board, sir."Some years ago, a fine ship called theNeptune, with a crew of thirty-six men,sailed from the harbour of Aberdeen inScotland. It was early on a fine morningin May when she started, with the fairestprospect of good weather, and of a prosper-ous voyage. Not long after she had gone,the sky became cloudy. The wind changed.It came out directly ahead of the ship, andwent on increasing in violence, till it blew afurious gale. By-and-by the Neptune wasseen standing back towards the harbour,right before the wind, and with her sails setas though it only had been blowing a fair,stiff breeze. She came bounding on beforethe storm, like a maddened war-horse. Thetidings spread like lightning, and hundredsof people gathered on the pier to watch thestrange sight. Something was wrong on
88 THE FIFTH GIANT:board the ship. What COULD it be ? Theentrance to the harbour was very narrow;and beyond this were ledges of dangerousrocks. Over these the sea is now breakingin foam and thunder. Right on towardsthem the ship is hastening. What CAN bethe matter ? The people look on in silenthorror. Now the ship rises on a mountain-wave,-and now she plunges into the foam-ing water. An attempt is made to shortensail. It fails. She hastens on. A momentmore, and hark! that thundering crash!The cry is heard-" SHE'S LOST !-SHE'SLOST !" She went to pieces. One manalone, of all on board, was saved. He livedto tell the dreadful secret. The giant wason board of that vessel. The crew were allintoxicated, and could not manage thevessel.Thus we see that, while cold water pro-motes safety, there can be no safety where
INTEMPERANCE. 89the Giant Intemperance is allowed to come.He is an enemy to it.And he is an enemy to HONOUR, too.You can keep your honour if you keep tocold water. But get into the habit of drink-ing liquor, and your honour will soon beturned to shame. The Giant Intemperancehas such a bad name among men, that ifyou fall into his power your honour is lost.Everything that is wicked, vile, and shame-ful, is associated with our thoughts of thisgiant. He makes his prisoners so muchlike himself, that the same disgrace is fixedto their names. No matter how honouredand respected a man has been before, assoon as he becomes a captive of this giant,he begins to lose his honour.Men do not like to be called DRUNKARDS.The name is a mark of disgrace. It pointsthem out as prisoners of this giant. Butevery one who drinks wine or 'liquor is in
90 THE FIFTH GIANT:danger of becoming a drunkard, and thuscovering himself with shame and dishonour.Everything that is sinful, should be con-sidered as a shame and disgrace. It's ashame for a man willingly to lose all his senseand reason, and act like a fool;-but this iswhat the drunkard does. It's a shame for aman to lose all proper feeling, and become ashard-hearted as a stone;-but this is whatthe drunkard does. It's a shame for a man toreel through the streets, and wallow in thegutter like a pig;-but this is what thedrunkard does. It's a shame for a man toneglect his business, and spend his time inidleness ; to leave his children L -._ -, andhis wife a broken-hearted widow ;-but thisis what the drunkard does. It's a shamefor a man to gamble, and rob, and murder,and commit all kinds of abominations ;-butthese are what the drunkard does.Nearly all the people who live in our
INTEMPERANCE. 91poor-houses, who are sent to our peni-tentiaries, and brought to the gallows, areled there by drinking. And those who useintoxicating liquors at all, are in danger ofbeing led into any or all of these evils. Orif not led into them themselves, they are indanger of leading others into them. TheGiant Intemperance carries danger and dis-grace with him. If you would live in safetyand honour, put as wide a space betweenyourself and him as possible ;-drink nothingthat intoxicates, but keep to pure cold water.This, then, is the third reason why weshould resist this giant -BECAUSE HE IS ANENEMY TO SAFETY AND HONOUR.THE FOURTH REASON FOR FIGHTING.We should fight against this giant BECAUSEHE IS AN ENEMY TO COMFORT AND HAPPINESS.Several years ago, when Barnum's Mu-seum was in Philadelphia, there was, in one
92 THE FIFTH GIANT:of the rooms, a representation of a cold-water drinker's home, and of a drunkard'shome. These were placed side by side, so asto show the contrast more strongly. Thefigures were all of wax, and just about the sizeof living persons, so that it looked very real.The first one represented a good-sizedroom, with a neat carpet on the floor, andpretty paper on the walls. Two or threepictures were hanging against the sides ofthe room. A cheerful fire was burning inthe grate. In the centre of the room stooda table with a snow-white cloth upon it.The tidy, happy-looking mother was spread-ing some very inviting things for breakfast;while the eldest of the children was bringingin a pitcher of water to fill the tumblersthat were placed by every plate. An easyarm-chair was drawn up near the fire, andthe father was leaning back in it, readingthe morning paper, looking very snug and
INTEMPERANCE. 93cosy in his wrapper and slippers. Aroundhim a group of bright-eyed, rosy-cheekedlittle ones were playing, while a toddlingboy was tugging at his father's gown, tryingto climb up into his lap.._ _. .A HAPPY HOME.You did not need any one to tell you thatcomfort and happiness were there. Every-thing looked so pleasant, that one almostfelt like opening the door and walking in to
94 THE FIFTH GIANT:share their happiness. This was the cold-water drinker's home.Right next to it was the other scene.It was a room with bare floor, strewn withlitter, and blackened with dirt. The plasterwas falling from the walls and the ceiling.In the fireplace there were two or threehalf-burnt sticks, smouldering. An old bed-stead stood in the corner, and a few raggedcoverlets lay tumbled in a heap upon it.The rest of the furniture consisted of a table,and one or two rickety chairs. A loaf ofbread, partly cut, and a bottle on the table,were the only signs of a breakfast. Thefather, with his face unwashed, his beardunshaven, and his hair all tangled andmatted, was beating a trembling child. Therest of the children were crowding up in thecorner, pale and frightened, but each holdingon to a dry crust of bread. Their faceswere thin and sickly. The mother sat upon
INTEMPERANCE. 5the bed, her head between her hands, andher hair streaming wildly over her shoulders.Thin and tattered rags were the only clothesany of them had. Misery and wretchednesswere as plainly seen there, as if written witha sunbeam. This was the drunkard's home.Children, which is the pleasantest picture?Which would you rather should be yourhome ?All the difference was made by the PITCHERand the BOT iLF. The water in that pitcherhad kept the Giant Intemperance away fromthe first home; while the gin in the bottlehad brought him into the other one. And itwas because HE was there, that all was sowretched. He always drives comfort andhappiness out from every house he enters.He turns gladness into sorrow, smiles intosighs, laughter into tears, wherever he goes.He makes his prisoners miserable themselves,and all about them unhappy too. Mothers