• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Summary
 Introduction
 Expenditures in Florida
 Major limitations
 Florida and the nation: A...
 Distribution of outlays by agency...
 Policy implications
 Appendix A
 Appendix B
 Appendix C
 References














Group Title: Economic information report
Title: Federal executive branch expenditures in the United States with reference to Florida, fiscal years 1970, 1975, 1980
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026508/00001
 Material Information
Title: Federal executive branch expenditures in the United States with reference to Florida, fiscal years 1970, 1975, 1980
Series Title: Economic information report
Physical Description: iv, 59 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Clouser, R. L ( Rodney L )
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Cooperative Extension Service
Food & Resource Economics Dept., Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1981
Copyright Date: 1981
 Subjects
Subject: Grants-in-aid -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Intergovernmental fiscal relations -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Appropriations and expenditures, State -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Bibliography: p. 59.
Statement of Responsibility: Rodney L. Clouser.
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: "December 1981."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00026508
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - AHM2353
alephbibnum - 001598215
oclc - 11756934
lccn - 82622722 //r89

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Summary
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Introduction
        Page 3
    Expenditures in Florida
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Major limitations
        Page 7
    Florida and the nation: A comparison
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Distribution of outlays by agency and state
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
    Policy implications
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    Appendix A
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
    Appendix B
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
    Appendix C
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
    References
        Page 59
Full Text

Rodney L. Clouser Economic Information
Report 155




Federal Executive Branch
Expenditures in the United States
with Reference to Florida,
Fiscal Years 1970, 1975, 1980













LIS A. S. U- of
UF of Flo-rida


Food & Resource Economics Department
Cooperative Extension Service December 1981
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences D ecer
University of Florida, Gainesville 32611









ABSTRACT

Federal executive branch expenditures (outlays) represent a major
influence on the U.S. economy. Expenditures by the executive branch
increased from $190 billion in fiscal year 1970 to approximately $528.7
billion in fiscal year 1980. Florida or its residents received approxi-
mately 4.3 percent ($22.8 billion) of these funds in fiscal year 1980.
Per capital outlays in Florida were greater than the national average for
funds distributed by the Department of Health and Human Services and
Transportation, and below the national average for funds distributed by
the Departments of Agriculture, Defense, Education and Labor in fiscal
year 1980. Increases in total federal per capital expenditures improved
Florida's relative position nationwide from a ranking of 30th in fiscal
year 1970 to 15th in 1980. However, it must be noted that more federal
outlays does not necessarily imply improved economic conditions, better
living standards, or more beneficial programs within the state.

Keywords: Executive branch expenditures, federal outlays, per capital
public expenditures.




























'i















TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT......................................................... .. i

LIST OF TABLES ............................................. iii

SUMMARY.................................................... .... ......

INTRODUCTION ......................... .................... .... .3

EXPENDITURES IN FLORIDA.......................................4

MAJOR LIMITATIONS......................................... ..7

FLORIDA AND THE NATION: A COMPARISON...............................8

DISTRIBUTION OF OUTLAYS BY AGENCY AND STATE........................10

POLICY IMPLICATIONS.. .. .................... ......... ... ..... 34

APPENDIX A............................ .......... .......... .... .. 39

APPENDIX B................ ...................................44

APPENDIX C.................................................. ....49

REFERENCES.... ......................... ............. ....56



















ii








LIST OF TABLES

Table Page

1 Florida and national averages for selected federal outlays,
fiscal years 1970, 1975, 1980............................... .9

2 Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollar outlays,
Department of Agriculture, 1970, 1975, 1980...................14

3 Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays,
Department of Agriculture, 1970, 1975, 1980..................15

4 Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollar outlays,
Department of Defense, 1970, 1975, 1980......................17

5 Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays,
Department of Defense, 1970, 1975, 1980......................18

6 Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollar outlays,
Health, Education and Welfare, 1970, 1975.....................20

7 Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays,
Health, Education and Welfare, 1970, 1975.....................21

8 Top and bottom ten states by rank in total (thousand dollars)
and per capital outlays, Health and Human Services and De-
partment of Education, 1980...................................23

9 Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollar outlays,
Department of Labor, 1970, 1975, 1980.............. ........25

10 Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays,
Department of Labor, 1970, 1975, 1980.. .....................26

11 Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollar outlays,
Department of Transportation, 1970, 1975, 1980.................29

12 Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays,
Department of Transportation, 1970, 1975, 1980..............30

13 Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollars, other
federal agencies, 1970, 1975, 1980...........................32

14 Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays
other federal agencies, 1970, 1975, 1980.....................33

15 Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollars, all
federal agencies, 1970, 1975, 1980 ..................... .....35

16 Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays,
all federal agencies, 1970, 1975, 1980.......................36


iii









LIST OF TABLES--Continued


Table Page

A-1 Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays
by state and agency for fiscal year 1970, and April
1, 1970, state population...................................40

B-1 Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays
by state and agency for fiscal year 1975 and July 1,
1975, state population................................ ....45

C-1 Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays
by state and agency for fiscal year 1980 and prelim-
inary population by state, 1980 Census.....................50
































iv











FEDERAL EXECUTIVE BRANCH EXPENDITURES IN THE
UNITED STATES WITH REFERENCE TO FLORIDA,
FISCAL YEARS 1970, 1975, AND 1980


Rodney L. Clouser


SUMMARY


In 1970 the national average for federal executive branch expendi-

tures was $932 per capital. By 1975 the national average had increased

to $1,534. Growth in the federal budget continued, and the national

average for fiscal year 1980 increased to $2,334 per capital. Per capital

expenditures increased 150 percent during the decade, but growth in-

creased at a decreasing rate during the 1975-80 period.

The 10 states that received the highest and lowest per capital out-

lays in 1980 are listed below:

Rank State Dollars
1 Alaska 5304
2 Hawaii 3266
3 New Mexico 3255
4 Virginia 3204
5 Maryland 3183
6 Washington 2909
7 Connecticut 2866
8 Missouri 2699
9 Massachusetts 2635
10 California 2597
15 Florida 2343
41 Arkansas 1971
42 Kentucky 1969
43 Louisiana 1938
44 New Jersey 1936
45 Ohio 1830
46 Iowa 1790
47 Michigan 1740
48 North Carolina 1732
49 Indiana 1687
50 Wisconsin 1606

All states which ranked in the top 10 exceeded the national per

capital average in 1980 by at least 11.3 percent. All states in the bot-

tom 10 were at least 15.5 percent below the national average.



RODNEY L. CLOUSER is assistant professor of food and resource economics.





2


Florida ranked 30th in 1970, 26th in 1975 and 15th in 1980 in total

federal per capital outlays. As noted average national per capital outlays

increased 150 percent during the decade, while outlays to Florida res-

idents increased 175 percent. In 1970 and 1975 Florida residents received

only approximately 90 percent of the average national per capital outlay.

In fiscal year 1980 they received 100 percent of the average national per

capital outlay. Data on federal outlays for selected federal agencies

and a residual category are presented in the main body of this report.

There are many reasons why states could be above or below the national

per capital average of federal outlays. Some important factors are: (1)

some states have unique residents to whom federal funds are specifically

directed (e.g., military pay, social security benefits), (2) some states

have special features necessary to receive federal outlays (such as ocean

harbors for naval installation), (3) some states choose not to apply for

federal funds due to program characteristics they regard as undesirable

(e.g., matching fund requirements or federal control) and (4) lack of

information or improper application for federal funds sometimes causes

states and communities to forego federal outlays they would have liked

to receive.

Individual states would be well advised to study their own unique

situations in an attempt to ascertain the potentials and limitations

in economic change through shifting federal outlays. Rapid growth in

federal outlays may conflict with other goals of local communities or

states.

More detailed information on federal outlays within Florida coun-

ties can be found in a similar publication, Federal Executive Branch

Expenditures in Florida [3]. Circular 453 provides information on the

pattern of federal funds in Florida in fiscal year 1976, but provides






3


limited emphasis on how Florida compares with other states in the United

States.

INTRODUCTION

The activities of the federal government represent a major influence

on the U.S. economy. Federal government outlays equaled 23 percent of

the Gross National Product (GNP) in 1975 and 20 percent in 1980. The im-

pact of federal programs on the geographic distribution of economic growth

across regions (counties, states) is of interest to many decision makers

and citizens. In addition to examination of total outlays, comparisons

of per capital expenditures and individual programs across states is use-

ful. Disparities among geographical units with similar needs may suggest

that changes are needed in local, state or federal policies, Additional

concerns regarding the distribution of federal outlays are being expressed

due to budget reductions proposed by the Reagan administration. Although

the exact nature and size of the reductions remain unknown, groups are

being formed to protect special interests. Relative positions of states

in money received from the federal government has also led to the forma-

tion of regional coalitions (i.e.,sunbelt versus frostbelt). States such

Florida, which experienced a 43 percent population growth between 1970

and 1980, are concerned because of increased demand for public services

and the future role of the federal government in partially providing

those services.

The objective of this report is to present the geographical distri-

bution of expenditures of the federal executive branch by states within

the U.S. for the 1970, 1975 and 1980 fiscal years. In 1970 and 1975

federal expenditures are grouped into six major classifications: (1) De-

partment of Agriculture; (2) Department of Defense; (3) Department of






4


Health, Education and Welfare; (4) Department of Labor; (5) Department
of Transportation; and (6) Otherfederal programs. All categories are
retained in fiscal year 1980 except the Department of Health, Education
and Welfare (HEW), which is no longer in existence, Two new cabinet

level departments were created to replace HEW: (1) Department of Health
and Human Services, and (2) Department of Education, and are included
in the 1980 federal outlay distributions.
The data contained in this publication can be used for comparison
of federal outlays between all states, but emphasis is placed on how
Florida compares with other states and national averages. Presentation
of federal outlays in 1970, 1975 and 1980 facilitates identification of
important changes in the past decade. Emphasis throughout this publica-
tion is placed on presenting data to private citizens and public de-
cision makers, Thus, the report is intended to serve as a useful re-
source document rather than an indepth study of the role of the federal
government.

EXPENDITURES IN FLORIDA

In 1970 the executive branch of the federal government spent $190

billion; $5.77 billion or about 3 percent of the total was received by
Florida citizens, firms or government units. In 1975, $327 billion was
distributed nationally with Florida receiving $11.7 billion, about 3.6
percent. A total of $528.7 billion was distributed in 1980 and Florida
received $22.8 billion or approximately 4.3 percent. Expenditures by
federal agencies included in the analysis are summarized below.

1. Department of Agriculture. In 1970 Department of Agriculture Out-
lays in Florida were approximately $104 million. In 1975 these outlays
had increased to $355.9 million, an increase of 242 percent. As of 1980






5

these outlays reached a level of $792,7 million. During the decade total

federal outlays increased $688.7 million or 662 percent. In 1975, ap-

proximately $201 million of the $355.9 million distributed (56.5 percent)

was for food stamp bonus coupons. By 1980 expenditures for this program

had increased to $423.8 million but represented only 53.5 percent of

total outlays distributed through the Department of Agriculture.

2. Department of Defense. The Department of Defense was the second

largest distributor of federal funds in Florida in 1970. A total of $1.9

billion was received, which represented 33 percent of all federal funds

distributed in the state. In 1975, the Department of Defense remained

the second largest distributor of funds but the distribution as a per-

centage of all outlays received by the state decreased to 24 percent. In

1980 federal outlays from this agency were $5.06 billion, which repre-

sented an increase during the decade of 166 percent. Military active

duty pay and retirement pay accounted for 44 percent of Department of
Defense outlays in 1975 and 43 percent in 1980.

3. Department of Health, Education and Welfare (fiscal years 1970 and

1975 only). Growth of social programs is evident when reviewing trends

in this former agency. In 1970, $2 billion or 34.6 percent of all fed-

eral funds were received from this agency. By 1975, HEW expended $5
billion or 42.7 percent of total federal outlays in the state. Although

an exact comparison for 1980 is not possible, by summing funds from the

Department of Education and Health and Human Services a comparison can

be made.

4. Department of Health and Human Services and Department of Education

(fiscal year 1980 only). The Department of Health and Human Services

distributed $10.2 billion dollars in Florida during fiscal year 1980. It






6


represented the largest single source of federal funds received by the

state. The Department of Education distributed $346.6 million in Florida

and represented the smallest distribution of federal outlays in the state

from the agencies examined. The two agencies combined distributed $10.5

billion which is approximately 46 percent of all federal money received

by the state.

5. Department of Labor. Department of Labor outlays are largely a baro-

meter of employment conditions. When high unemployment prevails, outlays

from this agency tend to increase. CETA, unemployment insurance and work

incentive program grants are some of the federal programs controlled by

this agency. The smallest amount of federal funds received by the state
in 1970 ($44.2 million) were from this agency. In 1975, a total of $186

million was distributed in Florida through this agency, which represented

an increase of 321 percent. Growth in federal funds continued in 1980

with a total of $743 million received. Total growth in funds during the

decade were $429 million or 970 percent.

6. Department of Transportation. One of the major responsibilities of

this branch of government is highway construction. In 1970 Florida re-

ceived $184.3 million from this agency. This increased to $357 million

in 1975 and $979.6 million in 1980. The total percentage increase during

the decade was 431 percent.

7. Other Federal Programs. This category includes expenditures by all

other executive branches of government not accounted for in the above

departments. These other branches accounted for 26 percent of federal

funds received by Florida in 1970, 25 percent in 1975 and 22 percent in

1980. Some major agencies included in this category are: (1) Department

of the Treasury (which includes federal revenue sharing), (2) Department






7

of Commerce, (3) National Aeronautic and Space Administration, (4) De-

partment of the Interior, (5) Department of State, (6) Postal Office,

and (7) Department of Justice.

MAJOR LIMITATIONS

Several limitations noted below should be carefully considered in

the interpretation and use of these data on federal outlays. Proration

and allocation techniques do not reflect actual practice in all cases.

Outlays which pass through prime contractors are especially difficult to

allocate to final recipients.

Federal outlays represent only a part of the answer to the federal

government's role in determining patterns of economic growth. Of equal

importance is how much the federal government receives from each area

in taxes. The net impact of outlays less taxes is a more appropriate

measure of federal influence than either alone. Areas receiving a re-

latively low per capital share of federal outlays may actually be benefi-

ting from federal policy as a whole if the per capital share of the fed-

eral tax burden is even lower. However, the ability for determining

the incidence of federal taxes is not well developed and the tax issue

is not examined in this study.

The outlays reported do not include expenditures by the legislative

and judicial branches of the federal government. Security reasons also

dictate incomplete reporting of executive branch outlays in some in-

stance.

Allocation of outlays by geographic area can be a misleading in-
dicator of distributional benefits. Outlays may be distributed unequally

among residents within a geographical area. Services provided by the

outlay may not aid residents of the area as much as non-residents. For






8


example, highway construction in a sparsely settled state may yield more

benefits to tourists from other states than local residents.

Variations in costs of services occur across geographic areas. Equal

dollar allocations do not necessarily purchase equal quantities of ser-

vices in different localities. Often too much emphasis is placed on

quantity rather than the quality of services provided.

Finally, more federal outlays do not imply improved economic con-

ditions, better living standards for residents, or more beneficial pro-

grams in a region. Certain federal outlays may have restrictions on use

determined by the federal government, and these restrictions may not be

desirable with states eligible for funds.

FLORIDA AND THE NATION: A COMPARISON

Although both total federal expenditures by state and per capital

expenditures are reviewed in this study, per capital expenditures receive

greater emphasis. States with large populations have higher total dol-

lars of federal expenditures solely because of their size, and per

capital expenditure levels eliminate the effect of size and isolate the

impact per resident of federal expenditures.

Florida ranks in the top 10 states with regard to total federal

money received. On the basis of per capital expenditures, Florida re-

ceived approximately 90 percent of the average total federal outlay in

fiscal years 1970 and 1975, and 100 percent in fiscal year 1980. The

only areas where per capital funds were in excess of the national aver-

age was in outlays received from HEW (1970, 1975), Health and Human

Services (1980), and the Department of Transportation (1980). Total

per capital federal outlays received in 1980 were slightly in excess

($9) of the national average, which indicates an improvement in Florida's















Table 1. Florida and national averages for selected federal outlays, fiscal years 1970, 1975 and 1980


1970 1970 Florida 1975 1975 Florida 1980 1980 Florida
National Florida as percent of National Florida as percent of National Florida as percent of
Department average average national average average average national .average average average national average
Dollars per capital Percent Dollars per capital Percent Dollars per capital

Agriculture 63 15 24 63 43 68 123 81 66
Defense 282 281 100 366 334 91 561 519 93
Health, Education
Welfare 250 295 114 525 608 116 NA NA
Health and Human
Services NA NA NA NA 861 1,050 122
Education NA NA NA NA 50 36 72
Labor 12 7 58 32 22 69 67 49 73
Transportation 35 27 77 61 43 70 87 101 116
Other 281 226 80 486 354 73 585 508 87
Total federal
outlays 932 851 91 1,534 1,404 92 2,334 2,343 100

* Numbers may not add to total due to rounding.
Source: [1,6,7,8].






10

relative position during the decade.

The per capital expenditures reflect increases of federal outlays in

Florida since 1970. Between 1970 and 1975 total per capital outlays in-

creased by 65 percent, and the growth between 1975 and 1980 was 67 per-

cent.

DISTRIBUTION OF OUTLAYS BY AGENCY AND STATE

This section contains rankings which delineate the top and bottom

10 states in the United States in receipt of federal outlays by agency

in 1970, 1975, and 1980. In addition, detailed state information by

agency is presented in Appendix A, B, and C. One ranking is based on

total outlays and another upon per capital receipts. A brief discussion

accompanies each agency distribution, and regional designations are re-

ferenced as follows:

NEW ENGLAND EAST SOUTH CENTRAL
Maine Kentucky
New Hampshire Tennessee
Vermont Alabama
Massachusetts Mississippi
Rhode Island
Connecticut

MID ATLANTIC WEST SOUTH CENTRAL
New York Arkansas
New Jersey Louisiana
Pennsylvania Oklahoma
Texas

EAST NORTH CENTRAL MOUNTAIN
Ohio Montana
Indiana Idaho
Illinois Wyoming
Michigan Colorado
Wisconsin New Mexico
Arizona
Utah
Nevada









WEST NORTH CENTRAL SOUTH ATLANTIC
Minnesota Delaware
Iowa Maryland
Missouri Washington, D.C.
North Dakota Virgina
South Dakota West Virgina
Nebraska North Carolina
Kansas South Carolina
Georgia
Florida

PACIFIC
Washington
Oregon
California
Alaska
Hawaii


The District of Columbia represents a special case since it is the

seat of the federal government. Ranks for this area are high for all

agencies due to the salaries paid federal employees. Comparisons between

the District of Columbia and states have little meaning for policy or

analytical purposes and are not included in the discussions by agency.

Department of Agriculture-Examining the Department of Agriculture's

total dollar outlays in 1970 reveals that eight of the top 10 states were

located in the East and West North Central Regions (Table 2). The re-

maining two states were Texas and California. All of these states are

large agricultural producers with varied agricultural products. Five of

the bottom 10 states were located in the New England Region. West

Virgina, Wyoming, Alaska, Hawaii, and Delaware comprised the remainder of

the states in the bottom 10.

The West North Central Regional had six of the top 10 states in

per capital outlays in 1970 (North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas,

Minnesota, and Iowa). The remaining top 10 states were Montanta, Idaho,

Arkansas, and Mississippi (Table 3). Nine of the top 10 states recevied

more than three times the national average ($63 per capital) in 1970.







12


The bottom 10 states in per capital outlays in 1970 were primarily

located on the northeast coast with the exception of Michigan, Ohio,

Pennsylvania and Florida. All of these bottom 10 states received less

than one-third of the national average in 1970. Rhode Island received

the lowest per capital outlay ($4) from the agriculture department.

Florida ranked 47th ($15 per capital .

In 1975 the states receiving the largest total dollar outlays were

dispersed throughout the United States. As might be expected, several

states with large populations(California, Texas, New York, Illinois)

received the largest sums of money. The states with smaller populations

located mainly in the New England and Mountain Regions received the

smallest amounts.

In per capital terms four of the top states were located in the West

North Central Region. Three more of the top states were in the Mountain

Region. Per capital outlays of at least $113 were required to rank in

the top 10 states. The majority of-the bottom 10 states are located in

the East North Central and New England Regions. A per capital outlay of

less than $43 was required in order to rank in the lower 10 states. Con-

necticut residents received the lowest per capital outlay ($21). Florida

ranked 41st in terms of per capital outlays from the Department of Agri-

culture ($43).
Four of the top 10 states in total dollar outlays from the Depart-

ment of Agriculture in 1980 are located in the West North Central Region.

The remainder of the top 10 states were dispersed throughout the country.

The majority of these states are large agricultural producers. Five of

the bottom 10 states were from the New England Region and two each from

the Pacific and Mountain Regions.






13


Six of the top 10 states in per capital outlays were from the West

North Central Region. The remaining top 10 states were Idaho, Montana,

Arkansas and Oregon. To rank in the top 10 required an outlay of more

than $218 per capital. The bottom 10 states received per capital outlays

ranging from $47 to $74. Four of the bottom 10 states were located in

the New England Region and Connecticut ranked last with a per capital

outlay of $47. Florida received an average of $81 per capital and ranked

38th.

Department of Defense-In terms of total dollars of outlays in

1970, three of the top 10 states were from the Middle Atlantic Region

and four were from the South Atlantic Region. The bottom 10 states were

Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, Montana, Wyoming, South Dakota, West Virginia,

Delaware, Vermont, and Maine (Table 4).
With respect to per capital expenditures in 1970 Alaska received the

largest amount ($928). The remaining top 10 states were California, Hawaii,

Utah, Texas, North Dakota, Georgia, Virginia, Maryland, and Connecticut

(Table 5). Connecticut received the smallest ($447) per capital expendi-
ture of the top 10 states. This amount was still approximately 60 per-

cent greater than the national average.

West Virginia received the lowest ($51) per capital expenditure in

1970. The remaining bottom lOstates were Oregon, South Dakota, Iowa,

Wisconsin, Illinois, Arkansas, Michigan, Vermont and Maine. Florida re-

ceived $281 per capital, giving it a rank of 20.

In 1975 the states receiving the largest outlays from the Department

of Defense were located in the east and on the coasts of the United

States. Many of the top 10 states have large populations, while states
such as Virginia and Maryland have large military installations. The

bottom 10 states in terms of total dollars of outlays were located in


















Table 2. Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollar outlays, Department of Agriculture, 1970, 1975,1980

Thousand dollars

Top 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Texas $1,054,852 1 California $1,103,857 1 California $1,017,576
2 New York 915,369 2 Texas 989,297 2 Texas 1,823,229
3 Minnesota 637,992 3 New York 952,712 3 New York 1,709,378
4 California 632,626 4 Illinois 594,349 4 Minnesota 1,117,342
5 Iowa 617,794 5 Georgia 475,419 5 Illinois 1,033,744
6 Illinois 585,151 6 Minnesota 443,860 6 Iowa 869,491
7 Kansas 563,960 7 Ohio 387,363 7 Missouri 839,733
8 Nebraska 451,908 8 Oregon 378,937 8 Florida 792,764
9 Missouri 438,828 9 Missouri 358,065 9 Georgia 770,567
10 N. Dakota 396,908 10 Florida 355,879 10 Nebraska 754,194



Bottom 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
I R. Island $ 4,514 1 Delaware $19,859 1 Delaware $ 41,370
2 Delaware 10,672 2 Nevada 24,089 2 R. Island 52,240
3 Vermont 14,368 3 R. Island 28,649 3 N. Hampshire 52,812
4 N. Hampshire 15,734 4 Vermont 29,882 4 Vermont 56,907
5 Connecticut 17,870 5 Wyoming 33,470 5 Nevada 58,530
6 Hawaii 20,512 6 Alaska 34,586 6 Wyoming 68,309
7 Maine 26,514 7 N. Hampshire 35,713 7 Alaska 81,306
8 Alaska 38,954 8 Hawaii 47,950 8 Hawaii 104,683
9 Wyoming 39,464 9 Maine 61,386 9 Maine 111,210
10 W. Virginia 46,808 10 Connecticut 64,702 10 Connecticut 146,279

Source: [6,7,8].














Table 3. Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays, Deparment of Agriculture, 1970, 1975, 1980


Top 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 N. Dakota $642.25 1 Montana $172.88 1 N. Dakota $537.69
2 Idaho 395.37 2 Oregon 165.62 2 Nebraska 480.38
3 S. Dakota 321.54 3 S. Dakota 150.47 3 S. Dakota 414.58
4 Nebraska 304.32 4 N. Dakota 146.82 4 Iowa 298.45
5 Montana 296.84 5 Idaho 140.20 5 Idaho 296.76
6 Kansas 250.76 6 Arkansas 138.75 6 Montana 277.06
7 Iowa 218.69 7 Mississippi 130.98 7 Minnesota 274.05
8 Arkansas 195.27 8 N. Mexico 120.34 8 Kansas 271.41
9 Mississippi 167.91 9 Nebraska 115.71 9 Arkansas 222.63
10 Minnesota 167.63 10 Minnesota 113.06 10 Oregon 218.37


Bottom 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 R. Island $ 4.75 1 Connecticut $20.91 1 Connecticut $47.07
2 Connecticut 5.90 2 Massachusetts 23.59 2 N. Jersey 53.47
3 Pennsylvania 10.96 3 Michigan 26.23 3 Massachusetts 53.57
4 Florida 15.33 4 Pennsylvania 27.64 4 R. Island 55.15
5 Massachusetts 15.63 5 Indiana 29.64 5 N. Hampshire 57.37
6 Michigan 16.46 6 R. Island 30.91 6 Pennsylvania 59.29
7 Ohio 18.96 7 Delaware 34.30 7 Ohio 63.69
8 Delaware 19.47 8 Ohio 36.00 8 Michigan 67.28
9 N. Jersey 20.93 9 Nevada 40.69 9 Delaware 69.50
10 N. Hampshire 21.32 10 Florida 42.58 10 Nevada 73.70

Source: [6,7,8].






16


the Mountain (4), Pacific (1), West North Central (1), South Atlantic

(2), and New England (2) regions.
In per capital terms six of the top 10 states in 1975 were located

on the East and West Coasts. The Pacific Region had the largest repre-

sentation with four states in the top 10. Six of the lowest 10 states

were located in the West North Central (2), East North Central (3), and

West South Central (1) regions. Per capital outlays of $334 in Florida

in 1975 represented an increase of 18.9 percent and ranked the state 24th.

Total dollar outlays from the Department of Defense were dispersed

throughout the U.S. in 1980. Two states from each the Pacific, South

Atlantic and Mid Atlantic Regions ranked in the top 10. California re-
ceived $22.2 billion, ranking first. The Mountain Region contained four

of the bottom 10 states in Department of Defense outlays in 1980. Wyoming

ranked last with total outlays of $139.5 million. To rank in the lower

10, outlays of less than $425.3 million were required.
Alaska received the largest amount ($1904) per capital in 1980. Four

of the top lOstates were located in the Pacific Region. A ranking in the

top 10 required per capital outlays in excess of $706. The bottom 10

states were West Virginia, Wisconsin, Iowa, Oregon, Illinois, Idaho,

Montana, Tennessee, Michigan and Arkansas. All these states received

less than $267 per capital. Florida ranked 24th and received $519 per

capital.
Department of Health, Education and Welfare-Geographically, eight

of the top 10 states in 1970 total outlays were located in the eastern
half of the U.S. California received the largest total outlay, $5.8 bil-

lion, and New Jersey the smallest, $1.6 billion, of the top 10 states.
Less populous states (North Dakota, Wyoming, Nevada, Maine, New Hampshire)

were all in the bottom 10 states (Table 6).














Table 4. Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollar outlays, Department of Defense, 1970, 1975, 1980

Thousand dollars

Top 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 California $9,808,393 1 California $13,381,558 1 California $22,238,117
2 Texas 5,044,027 2 Texas 5,383,060 2 Texas 10,046,213
3 New York 3,775,485 3 New York 4,578,062 3 Virginia 8,648,729
4 Pennsylvania 2,395,050 4 Virginia 4,221,109 4 New York 6,778,770
5 Virginia 2,284,663 5 Florida 2,789,686 5 Florida 5,055,272
6 Georgia 1,979,877 6 Washington 2,724,160 6 Massachusetts 4,453,257
7 Florida 1,907,588 7 Pennsylvania 2,665,606 7 Pennsylvania 4,388,297
8 Ohio 1,871,595 8 Connecticut 2,513,845 8 Connecticut 4,239,346
9 Maryland 1,697,640 9 Massachusetts 2,252,936 9 Missouri 4,215,717
10 N. Jersey 1,686,972 10 Maryland 2,244,521 10 Washington 4,098,019


Bottom 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
I Wyoming $57,694 1 Wyoming $108,478 1 Wyoming $139,549
2 Vermont 58,809 2 S. Dakota 133,278 2 Vermont 168,638
3 S. Dakota 76,051 3 Idaho 141,755 3 Montana 179,892
4 W. Virginia 89,912 4 Vermont 149,976 4 S. Dakota 188,508
5 Idaho 100,148 5 Delaware 162,192 5 Idaho 204,018
6 Delaware 105,039 6 Montana 163,959 6 W. Virginia 241,814
7 Nevada 127,655 7 W. Virgina 170,326 7 N. Dakota 309,048
8 Maine 134,648 8 Maine 179,852 8 Nevada 355,398
9 Montana 143,048 9 Nevada 221,505 9 Delaware 409,369
10 Oregon 198,286 10 Oregon 244,585 10 Iowa 425,380

Source: [6,7,8 .


















Table 5. Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays, Department of Defense, 1970, 1975, 1980


Top 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Alaska $928.84 1 Alaska $1428.36 1 Alaska $1903.58
2 Hawaii 681.14 2 Hawaii 1279.74 2 Hawaii 1707.76
3 N. Dakota 500.27 3 Virginia 849.83 3 Virginia 1617.71
4 Virgina 491.22 4 Connecticut 812.23 4 Connecticut 1364.71
5 California 491.13 5 Washington 768.67 5 Washington 992.22
6 Utah 471.15 6 California 631.65 6 California 939.56
7 Texas 450.40 7 Mississippi 620.68 7 Maryland 920.26
8 Connecticut 447.64 8 N. Dakota 584.32 8 Missouri 857.30
9 Maryland 432.63 9 Arizona 567.35 9 Massachusetts 776.23
10 Georgia 431.53 10 Maryland 547.71 10 Texas 706.07


Bottom 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 W. Virginia $ 51.56 1 Wisconsin $ 81.71 1 W. Virginia $124.03
2 Oregon 94,78 2 Iowa 92.66 2 Wisconsin 126.01
3 Iowa 98.08 3 W. Virginia 94.47 3 Iowa 146.01
4 Michigan 99.96 4 Oregon 106.90 4 Oregon 170.23
5 Wisconsin 103.94 5 Michigan 131.22 5 Illinois 201.51
6 S.Dakota 114.19 6 Ilinois 131.80 6 Idaho 216.14
7 Arkansas 127.05 7 Minnesota 150.84 7 Montana 228.67
8 Vermont 132.16 8 Maine 169.83 8 Tennessee 238.88
9 Maine 135.46 9 Idaho 172.87 9 Michigan 251.69
10 Illinois 138.47 10 Tennessee 176.44 10 Arkansas 266.98


Source: [6,7,8 ].






19


Maryland received $311 per capital in 1970, which was the highest

state figure. Three of the top 10 states in terms of per capital expendi-

tures were located in the New England Region. The bottom 10 states were

dispersed throughout the United States. Florida ranked 5th with a per

capital outlay of $295 (Table 7). This was 14 percent above the national

average.

States with large populations once again captured the largest amount

of outlays in terms of total dollars in 1975. The top 10 states, except

for Texas and California, were located in the New England, Mid Atlantic

or East North Central Regions. Six of the bottom 10 states were located

in the Mountain and West North Central regions.

In 1975, nine of the top 10 states in per capital outlays were located

on the East Coast extending from Maine to Florida. Three of the bottom

10 states were also located on the East Coast. The Mountain Region also

had three members in the bottom 10 states. Nevada ranked last in per

capital outlays with a figure of $373. Florida's per capital outlays in-

creased to 16 percent above the national average, ranking it 4th.
Department of Health and Human Services---Florida ranked 4th in

total dollar outlays ($10.2 billion) in 1980. Outlays for states ranking

in the top 10 ranged from 5.9 billion to approximately $20 billion. The

Mid Atlantic and East North Central Regions each had three states ranking

in the top 10. Less populous states comprised the majority of states

ranking in the bottom 10. Wyoming, Nevada, Montana, and Idaho (Mountain

Region) all ranked in the bottom 10 (Table 8).

To rank in the top 10, per capital expenditures were required in ex-

cess of $903 (Connecticut). Florida ranked second in the nation in per

capital expenditures from the Health and Human Services Department (Table

8). Three states from each the South Atlantic (Florida, Maryland, West




















Table 6. Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollar outlays, Health, Education
and Welfare, 1970, 1975, 1980


Thousand dollars

Top 10 States

Rank State- Amount Rank State Amount
1 California $5,800,308 1 New York $11,967,630
2 New York 5,602,016 2 California 11,176,955
3 Pennsylvania 3,112,115 3 Pennsylvania 6,817,099
4 Illinois 2,687,877 4 Illinois 5,688,052
5 Ohio 2,370,698 5 Texas 5,108,090
6 Texas 2,343,629 6 Florida 5,085,074
7 Michigan 2,046,746 7 Ohio 4,842,662
8 Florida 2,001,003 8 Michigan 4,710,051 rN
9 Massachusetts 1,682,580 9 New Jersey 3,675,217 C
10 New Jersey 1,619,782 10 Massachusetts 3,477,694

Bottom 10 States

Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Alaska $ 51,003 1 Wyoming $144,250
2 Wyoming 69,438 2 Alaska 164,956
3 Nevada 86,240 3 Nevada 221,007
4 Delaware 112,294 4 Delaware 248,621
5 Vermont 125,628 5 Vermont 272,903
6 Hawaii 144,671 6 North Dakota 314,677
7 North Dakota 156,453 7 Hawaii 327,819
8 Idaho 160,856 8 Idaho 351,453
9 New Hampshire 168,477 9 S. Dakota 354,949
10 Montana 182,070 10 Montana 370,524

Source: [6,8 .















Table 7. Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays, Health, Education
and Welfare, 1970, 1975, 1980



Top 10 States

Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Maryland $311.51 1 New York $660.47
2 New York 307.09 2 Maryland 652.41
3 South Dakota 302.33 3 West Virginia 647.28
4 Massachusetts 295.76 4 Florida 608.48
5 Florida 294.66 5 Massachusetts 596.72
6 California 290.44 6 Rhode Island 596.56
7 West Virginia 288.14 7 Vermont 579.41
8 Rhode Island 283.69 8 Pennsylvania 576.40
9 Vermont 282.31 9 Maine 557.68
10 Missouri 272.65 10 Wisconsin 532.33


Bottom 10 States

Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Alaska $168.33 1 Nevada $373.32
2 Nevada 176.36 2 Utah 377.22
3 Hawaii 187.88 3 Hawaii 378.98
4 Virginia 190.27 4 Wyoming 385.70
5 South Carolina 190.90 5 South Carolina 396.53
6 Indiana 203.41 6 Virginia 397.54
7 Delaware 204.92 7 Texas 417.43
8 Utah 208.29 8 North Carolina 425.81
9 North Carolina 208.43 9 Colorado 426.18
10 Wyoming 209.15 10 Idaho 428.60

Source: [6,8 ].






22


Virginia) and New England (Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts)

Regions ranked in the top 10. Nine of the bottom 10 states were

located in the western half of the U.S. Virginia was the only state

in the eastern portion of the U.S which ranked in the bottom 10. Per

capital outlays for states ranking in the bottom 10 ranged between

$425 and $663 (Table 8).

Department of Education-Variations in total dollar expenditures

from the Department of Education ranged from $23.4 million (Wyoming)

to $956.2 million (California). Florida received $346.6 million

which ranked it as 8th largest recipient in the U.S. An outlay in

excess of $321 million was required to rank in the top 10 (Table 8).
All states which ranked in the bottom 10 received less than $56.5

million. Wyoming received the smallest total dollar outlay from this

department. Nevada was the only other state in the country which

received less than $30 million from the Department of Education.

Per capital expenditures in the U.S. ranged from $31 to $179.

Indiana received the lowest per capital outlay ($31) and Alaska expendi-

tures were the highest ($178). Although Florida ranked 8th in total

outlays, the state ranked 48th in per capital outlays ($36). In con-

trast to other federal per capital outlays, states with large popula-

tions ranked in the bottom 10 and less populous states ranked in the

top 10.

Department of Labor-In terms of total dollar expenditures in

1970, all three Mid Atlantic states were represented. The East North

Central Region was represented by Michigan, Ohio and Illinois (Table 9).

California, Texas, Massachusetts and Missouri completed the top 10
states. Six of the bottom 10 states were located in the West North








Table 8. Top and bottom ten states by rank in total (thousand dollars) and per capital outlays, Health and Human Services and
Department of Education, 1980


Top 10 States
Total dollars Per capital dollars Total dollars Per capital dollars
1980 1975 1980 1980
Health and Human Services Health and Human Services Department of Education Department of Education
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 California $19,979,143 1 New York $1,066.24 1 California 956,225 1 Alaska $178.78
2 New York 18,720,275 2 Florida 1,049.69 2 New York 936,596 2 South Dakota 81.76
3 Pennsylvania 11,869,755 3 Massachusetts 1,030.84 3 Texas 636,319 3 Maine 78.55
4 Florida 10,224,004 4 Pennsylvania 1,000.26 4 Pennsylvania 508,959 4 New Mexico 73.22
5 Illinois 9,574,356 5 Maryland 974.15 5 Illinois 484,577 5 Mississippi 70.99
6 Texas 8,964,699 6 West Virginia 960.13 6 Ohio 439,948 6 Montana 69.83
7 Ohio 8,708,948 7 Rhode Island 951.25 7 Michigan 385,200 7 Alabama 68.94
8 Michigan 8,181,228 8 Maine 911.43 8 Florida 346,622 8 Vermont 67.54
9 New Jersey 6,534,698 9 Wisconsin 907.00 9 North Carolina 343,029 9 North Dakota 67.48
10 Massachusetts 5,913,960 10 Connecticut 903.37 10 Massachusetts 321,217 10 South Carolina 65.42

()
Bottom 10 States


Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Alaska $170,369 1 Alaska $425.41 1 Wyoming $23,376 1 Indiana $31,36
2 Wyoming 238,613 2 Wyoming 506.81 2 Nevada 27,384 2 Nevada 34.48
3 Vermont 453,102 3 Utah 550.74 3 Vermont 34,541 3 Florida 35.59
4 Delaware 465,463 4 Colorado 617.94 4 Delaware 37,164 4 Connecticut 36.28
5 Nevada 500,559 5 Texas 630.06 5 Idaho 38,396 5 New Jersey 39.42
6 North Dakota 501,918 6 Nevada 630.28 6 New Hampshire 42,459 6 California 40.40
7 South Dakota 554,695 7 Hawaii 639.68 7 North Dakota 44,046 7 Idaho 40.68
8 Montana 587,620 8 Idaho 660.16 8 Hawaii 52,081 8 Ohio 40.75
9 Hawaii 617,294 9 New Mexico 660.75 9 Montana 54,936 9 Michigan 41.61
10 Idaho 623,150 10 Virginia 663.32 10 South Dakota 56,426 10 Wisconsin 42.20
Source: [7].







24

Central and Mountain Regions.

Seven of the top 10 states in per capital outlays in 1970 were

located west of the Mississippi. Four of the top 10 states were lo-

cated in the Mountain Region. Five of the bottom 10 states were lo-

cated on the East coast. All of the bottom 10 states received less

than $9 per capital. Florida received only $7 per capital for a rank

of 49.

The pattern of the more populous states receiving the largest out-

lays again prevailed in 1975. The bottom 10 states were represented

mainly by the Mountain (4) and West North Central (3) Regions.

In per capital amounts the Pacific and Mountain Regions accounted

for eight of the top 10 states in 1975. The bottom 10 states were

geographically quite widely dispersed. Iowa received the lowest per

capital outlay ($6) in the United States. Florida's per capital outlay

increased to $22 which ranked it 44th.
In terms of total dollar expenditures in 1980, all three Mid Atlantic

states were represented. Four states from the East North Central Region

also ranked in the top 10. Florida ranked 10th and received a total of

$473.2 million. Wyoming, Nevada, Montana and Idaho (all from the Mountain

Region) ranked in the bottom 10.

Three of the top 10 states in per capital expenditures were from the

East North Central Region (Michigan, Indiana, Ohio). This represents a

significant shift in the top 10 states compared to 1970 and 1975, and

could be due to the 1980 recessionary impact on the auto industry in the

industrial midwest. Five of the bottom 10 states were located in the

West North Central Region. Per capital outlays of less than $43 were re-

quired to rank in the bottom 10. Florida ranked 35th with a per capital

outlay of $49.













Table 9. Top and bottom ten states-by rank in total dollar outlays, Deparmtent of Labor, 1970, 1975, 1980

Thousand dollars

Top 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount kank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 California $269,820 1 .California $836,941 1 California $1,462,678
2 New York 237,794 2 New York 619,354 2 New York 1,272,323
3 Texas 105,844 3 Michigan 347,165 3 Michigan 1,158,373
4 Pennsylvania 101,002 4 Pennsylvania 316,476 4 Pennsylvania 933,189
5 Illinois 100,523 .5 Texas 276,706 5 Ohio 844,965
6 New Jersey 82,310 6 Illinois 266,074 6 Illinois 578,163
7 Ohio 82,098 7 New Jersey 251,866 7 New Jersey 550,081
8 Michigan 77,216 8 Ohio 240,129 8 Texas 530,507
9 Massachusetts 62,584 9 Massachusetts 234,676 9 Indiana 503,335
10 Missouri 53,827 10 Florida 185,988 10 Florida 473,217



Bottom 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Delaware $3,797 1 Wyoming $ 8,574 1 Wyoming $18,210
2 Wyoming 3,833 2 Delaware 14,683 2 Vermont 27,046
3 New Hampshire 5,566 3 Vermont 16,459 3 North Dakota 27,799
4 Vermont 5,894 4 New Hampshire 18,532 4 New Hampshire 28,702
5 North Dakota 7,191 5 South Dakota 18,629 5 South Dakota 32,531
6 Nevada 7,465 6 North Dakota 20,642 6 Nebraska 41,850
7 South Dakota 9,052 7 Idaho .27,010 7 Nevada 46,279
8 Minnesota 9,547 8 Nebraska 30,492 8 Montana 49,821
9 Idaho 9,678 9 Nevada .31,124 9 Delaware 52,889
10 Maine 9,853 10 Montana 32,552 10 Idaho 55,371

Source: [6,7,8].


















Table 10. Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays, Department of Labor, 1970, 1975, 1980



Top 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount R- ank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Alaska $40.55 1 Alaska $102.20 1 Alaska $205.45
2 Utah 19.90 2 Nevada 52.57 2 Michigan 125.12
3 New Mexico 19.37 3 Rhode Island 51.38 3 West Virginia 103.19
4 Oregon 16.23 4 Montana 43.52 4 Indiana 91.68
5 Arizona 16,08 5 Hawaii 42.41 5 Delaware 88.86
6 Nevada 15.27 6 Washington 41.62 6 Pennsylvania 78.64
7 Kentucky 15.22 7 Utah 41.15 7 Ohio 78.26
8 Nebraska 14.81 8 New Mexico 40.70 8 Alabama 77.23
9 Rhode Island 14.76 9 Massachusetts 40.27 9 Rhode Island 75.26
10 Montana 14.46 10 California 39.51 10 Hawaii 74.99
rN
Co



Bottom 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Minnesota $2.51 1 Iowa $16.01 1 Nebraska $26.66
2 Florida 6.51 2 Virginia 18.03 2 Iowa 28.97
3 Delaware 6.93 3 Kansas 18.68 3 New Hampshire 31.18
4 Iowa 7.29 4 Nebraska 19.72 4 North Carolina 35.25
5 Virginia 7.51 5 Maryland 20.57 5 Kansas 35.55
6 New Hampshire 7.54 6 Colorado .20.86 6 Texas 37.29
7 Ohio 7.70 7 Florida 22.26 7 Minnesota 37.41
8 Wisconsin 7.84 8 Ohio 22.32 8 Wyoming 38.68
9 Maryland 7.91 9 Texas 22.61 9 South Carolina 41.38
10 North Carolina 8.32 10 North Carolina 22.62 10 North Dakota 42.59

Source: [6,7,8].







27


Department of Transportion---California received the largest total

dollar outlay from the Department of Transportation in 1970. Seven of

the top 10 states were located east of the Mississippi. Eight of the

bottom 10 states were located in the West North Central and Mountain

Regions (Table 11).

Per capital expenditures in 1970 showed a reversal of the above pat-

tern (Table 12). Six of the top states were west of the Mississippi.

Five of these states were located in the Mountain Region. Nine of the

bottom 10 states were east of the Mississippi, with five of these in

the East North Central Region. Florida ranked 34th in per capital out-

lays from the Department of Transportation.

Eight of the top states in total dollars received from the Depart-

ment of Transportation in 1975 were located in the eastern one-third of

the United States. California and Texas comprised the remainder of the

top 10 states. Seven of the bottom 10 states were located on the East

Coast.

Five of the 10 states with the largest per capital outlays in 1975

were in the Mountain Region. Nine of the bottom 10 states were located

east of Wisconsin. This is the only category in 1975 where the state

of California ranked in the bottom 10. Rhode Island received the lowest

per capital outlay of $25. Florida received $43 per capital for a rank

of 42.
New York received the largest total dollar outlay ($1.5 billion)

from the Department of Transportation in 1980. Six of the top 10 states

were in the eastern half of the U.S. A top 10 ranking required an out-

lay of at least $532.1 million. States with lower population dominated

the bottom 10 ranking. South Carolina received the smallest outlay

($99 million) from this federal agency.







28


Alaska received $810 per capital in 1980 which is considerably more

than the remainder of the states in the top 10. Washington ranked 2nd

but only received $194 per capital. Massachusetts ranked 10th with a per

capital outlay of $114. States ranking in the bottom 10 all received

less than $58 per capital. South Carolina ranked last with per capital

outlays of $32. Average per capital outlays in Florida were $101, which

ranked the state 14th.

Other Category-The top 10 states in terms of total dollars from

the "other" category in 1970 were: California, Texas, Wisconsin,

Illinois, Ohio, Florida, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. The

bottom 10 states were located in the northeastern United States (Table

13).

Five of the top 10 states in per capital expenditures in 1970 were

located in the Mountain Region. In 1970 Alaska received $641 per capital

to rank first among all the states. Eight of the bottom 10 states were

east of the Mississippi. North Carolina ranked last with per capital ex-

penditures of $131. Florida ranked 16th in the "other" category, with

per capital expenditures of $226, which was $55 below the national average.

In 1975, larger states received the most total outlays in the other

category while the smaller populated states received the least. In per

capital terms the top 10 states were dispersed throughout the U.S. Seven

of the bottom 10 states were located in the Central Regions. However,

the lowest per capital outlay of $259 occurred in North Carolina. Florida's

per capital outlay of $354 ranked it 34th nationally.

The top 10 states in total dollars from the "other" category in 1980

were: California, New York, Illinois, Texas, Tennessee, Pennsylvania,

Ohio, Florida, Maryland and Virginia. Four of the bottom 10 states were

located in the New England Region.












Table 11. Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollar outlays, Departmeht of Transportation, 1970,
1975, 1980

Thousand dollars
Top 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount ank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 California $608,233 1 California $883,134 1 New York $1,539,842
2 New York 395,576 2 Pennsylvania 713,540 2 California 1,327,177
3 Texas 336,807 3 Illinois 619,584 3 Pennsylvania 1,265,865
4 Pennsylvania 309,729 4 New York 555,716 4 Florida 979,626
5 Washington 272,410 5 Texas 552,009 5 Illinois 940,668
6 Virginia 267,944 6 Maryland 473,285 6 Texas 867,760
7 Ohio 257,260 7 Georgia 471,227 7 Washington 801,748
8 Illinois 252,357 8 Michigan 382,225 8 Maryland 724,772
9 New Jersey 244,124 9 Florida 357,028 9 Massachusetts 655,334
10 West Virginia 186,463 10 Massachusetts 350,486 10 New Jersey 532,147



Bottom 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Delaware $ 7 1 Rhode Island $23,497 1 Delaware $37,859
2 Rhode Island 14,805 2 Vermont 27,233 2 Vermont 44,794
3 New Hampshire 31,267 3 Delaware 28,165 3 Idaho 51,541
4 Vermont 32,510 4 New Hampshire 38,629 4 Rhode Island 54,487
5 Wyoming 34,346 5 Maine 50,928 5 Wyoming 67,000
6 Maine 37,512 6 South Dakota 69,152 6 South Dakota 75,325
7 South Dakota 38,014 7 Nevada 73,567 7 Maine 76,075
8 Nevada 38,068 8 North Dakota 76,178 8 North Dakota 78,315
9 North Dakota 38,358 9 Connecticut 90,528 9 New Hampshire 80,946
10 Nebraska 39,493 10 South Carolina 93,315 10 South Carolina 98,938

Source: [6,7,8].

















Table 12. Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outalys, Department of Transportation, 1970,
1975, 1980



Top 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Alaska $480.60 1 Alaska $856.17 1 Alaska $809.72
2 Hawaii 156.08 2 Wyoming 250.05 2 Washington 194.12
3 Montana 133.82 3 Hawaii 230.95 3 Maryland 171.89
4 West Virgina 106.92 4 Montana 173.69 4 West Virginia 157.06
5 Wyoming 103.45 5 West Virginia 157.76 5 Hawaii 153.77
6 Washington 79.82 6 Nevada 124.27 6 Nevada 147.30
7 Nevada 77.85 7 North Dakota 119.97 7 Montana 146.88
8 Vermont 73.06 8 Idaho 116.70 8 Wyoming 142.31
9 Utah 71.00 9 Maryland 115.49 9 North Dakota 119.99
10 New Mexico 69.29 10 Utah 108.47 10 Massachusetts 114.23 c




Bottom 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Delaware $ .01 1 Rhode Island $25.35 1 South Carolina $31.72
2 Wisconsin 14.86 2 Connecticut 29.25 2 Michigan 43.38
3 Rhode Island 15.58 3 Ohio 29.27 3 Ohio 43.49
4 Michigan 19.40 4 New York 30.67 4 North Carolina 45.58
5 North Carolina 21.50 5 South Carolina 33.11 5 Mississippi 45.63
6 Arkansas 21.67 6 Wisconsin 37.36 6 Wisconsin 45.95
7 New York 21.68 7 California .41.69- 7 Indiana 49.64
8 Illinois 22.71 8 Michigan 41.74 8 Idaho 54.60
9 Indiana 23.85 9 Florida 42.72 9 California 56.07
10 Ohio 24.14 10 New Jersey 44.88 10 Rhode Island 57.53

Source: [6,7,8].







31


Six of the top 10 states in per capital expenditures were located

in the western half of the U.S. An outlay of $724 per capital was re-

quired to rank in the top 10. Five of the bottom 10 states were in

the East North Central and West North Central Regions. Michigan re-

ceived the smallest outlay ($327 per capital) in the other category (Table

14). Florida received an average of $508 per capital and ranked 28th.

Total Outlays---In 1970 the states receiving the largest amount of

total outlays were dispersed throughout the U.S. All regions except the
East South Central and Mountain were represented in the top 10. All

three states of the Mid Atlantic Region ranked in the top 10. The bottom

10 states had small populations. Four of the bottom 10 states were from

the New England Region (Table 15).
In per capital dollars in 1970 six of the top 10 states were west of

the Mississippi. Four of the top 10 states were from the Mountain Re-

gion. In order to rank in the top 10 states an outlay of at least $1,122

per capital was required as compared to the national average of $932. All
the bottom 10 states were east of the Mississippi. All five states in
the East North Central Region were in the bottom 10. States and per

capital outlays from this region were: Illinois ($701), Indiana ($684),

Michigan ($552), Ohio ($633) and Wisconsin ($599). Florida ranked 30th
in terms of per capital outlays from all programs.
The top geographic areas in 1975 in total dollars from all programs

were: California, Florida, Illinois, Michigan, New Jersey, New York,

Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas, and Virginia. The bottom states were located

in the Mountain (4), West North Central (2), New England (3), and South
Atlantic (1) Regions.
In per capital outlays the top 10 states were located in the New















Table 13. Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollars, Other Federal Agencies, 1970, 1975,
1980

.Thousand dollars

Top 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount kank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 New York $10,540,449 1 New York $18,197,354 1 California $13,483,536
2 California 5,293,674 2 California :9,399,462 2 New York 9,784,530
3 New Jersey 2,809,845 3 Illinois 5,728,822 3 Illinois 8,120,682
4 Illinois 2,628,288 4 New Jersey 5,252,119 4 Texas 6,462,644
5 Pennsylvania 2,450,339 5 Pennsylvania 4,342,043 5 Tennessee 5,595,508
6 Texas 2,232,272 6 Texas 3,898,974 6 Pennsylvania 5,504,722
7 Ohio 1,971,452 7 Ohio 3,407,852 7 Ohio 5,324,460
8 Wisconsin 1,817,101 8 Florida 2,958,741 8 Florida 4,950,640
9 Michigan 1,575,159 9 Michigan 2,780,698 9 Maryland 3,874,132
10 Florida 1,532,940 10 Maryland 2,344,900 10 Virgina 3,541,303



Bottom 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Vermont $ 92,993 1 Vermont $163,098 1 Vermont $236,466
2 Wyoming 122,080 2 Delaware 211,938 2 Delaware 275,302
3 New Hampshire 123,811 3 Wyoming 216,517 3 North Dakota 355,169
4 Hawaii 142,814 4 North Dakota 255,169 4 New Hampshire399,637
5 North Dakota 146,971 5 South Dakota 306,056 5 South Dakota 432,986
6 Delaware 149,974 6 New Hampshire 306,176 6 Wyoming 470,719
7 South Dakota 161,915 7 Alaska 319,509 7 Hawaii 508,481
8 Rhode Island 175,605 8 Montana 337,676 8 Maine 529,697
9 Montana 182,002 9 Hawaii 341,144 9 Rhode Island 541,013
10 Alaska 194,397 10 Nevada 361,828 10 Montana 596,663

Source: [6,7,8].











Table 14. Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital outlays, Other Federal Agencies, 1970, 1975,
1980



Top 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount kank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 New Mexico $697.36 1 New York $1,004.27 1 Alaska $1,578.30
2 Alaska 641.57 2 Alaska 907.70 2 New Mexico 1,490.50
3 Nevada 608.43 3 New Mexico 884.76 3 Tennessee 1,218.90
4 New York 577.81 4 New Jersey 717.89 4 Wyoming 999.80
5 Wisconsin 411.29 5 Colorado 614.50 5 Nevada 947.20
6 New Jersey 391.83 6 Nevada 611.20 6 Maryland 918.80
7 Colorado 375.63 7 Wyoming 578.92 7 Colorado 852.60
8 Wyoming 367.71 8 Maryland 572.21 8 Idaho 786.20
9 Idaho 346.81 9 Washington 545.05 9 Montana 758.40
10 Maryland 329.62 10 Tennessee 531.66 10 Washington 724.30




Bottom 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 North Carolina $131.12 1 North Carolina $259.31 1 Michigan $327.10
2 N. Hampshire 167.77 2 Wisconsin 289.56 2 Wisconsin 328.60
3 Indiana 171.34 3 Mississippi 297.90 3 Indiana 332.80
4 Michigan 177.34 4 Iowa 301.20 4 Iowa 357.50
5 Georiga 177.71 5 Michigan 303.67 5 North Carolina 357.90
6 South Carolina 180.14 6 Indiana -304.70 6 Connecticut 409.70
7 Rhode Island 184.85 7 South Carolina 313.76 7 Arkansas 428.40
8 Ohio 184.99 8 Arkansas 314.04 8 Minnesota 430.00
9 Hawaii 185.47 9 Ohio 316.74 9 New Hampshire 434.10
10 Louisiana 186.37 10 Texas 318.62 10 Mississippi 436.30

Source: [6,7,8].






34


England (1), Mid Atlantic (1), West Nqrth Central (1), South Atlantic

(2), Mountain (1), and Pacific (4) Regions. Five states had per capital
outlays greater than $2,000. Alaska ranked first with per capital out-

lays of $3,769. Four of the bottom 10 states were located in the East

North Central Region. Three other bottom 10 states were located in the

West North Central Region. The five lowest states were all located in

the central U.S. Those states and their ranks are: Wisconsin, 50th

Iowa, 49th; Ohio, 48th; Michigan, 47th;-and Indiana, 46th Florida
,ranked 26th (Table 16).

The top 10 states in total federal outlays were dispersed through-

out the country in 1980. The state of California received $61.5 billion

dollars from the federal government to rank first. All states in the

top 10 received federal outlays in excess of $15.1 billion. The bottom

10 states received total federal outlays ranging from $1 to.$2.1 billion.

Vermont received the least amount of federal outlays in 1980.

Four states from the Pacific Region ranked in the top 10 states in

per capital outlays from all federal agencies. Alaska ranked first and

received $5304 per capital. In contrast, Wisconsin ranked last,receiving

$1606 per capital. A per capital outlay greater than $2597 was required

to rank in the top 10 states and less than $1971 to rank in the bottom
10. Five of the bottom 10 states were located in the midwest. Florida

improved its relative position considerably, and ranked 15th.

POLICY IMPLICATIONS

It is beyond the scope of this publication to discuss proposed

changes in the fiscal year 1982 budget, but detailed information is
available in Additional Details on Budget Savings, Fiscal Year 1982

Budget Revisions [2].











Table 15. Top and bottom ten states by rank in total dollars, all federal agencies, 1970, 1975, 1980


Thousand dollars
Top 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount hank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 California $22,413,054 1 New York $36,870,826 1 California $61,464,452
2 New York 21,466,689 2 California 36,781,907 2 New York 40,741,714
3 Texas 11,117,431 3 Texas 16,208,136 3 Texas 29,331,371
4 Pennsylvania 8,497,538 4 Pennsylvania 15,181,637 4 Pennsylvania 25,174,391
5 Illinois 7,792,985 5 Illfnois 14,365,830 5 Illinois 23,033,161
6 Ohio 6,755,206 6 Florida 11,732,396 6 Florida 22,822,145
7 New Jersey 6,593,134 7 New Jersey 11,603,354 7 Ohio 19,756,267
8 Florida 5,774,114 8 Ohio 11,345,780 8 Virginia 17,128,458
9 Massachusetts 4,938,948 9 Michigan 9,661,920 9 Michigan 16,108,119
10 Michigan 4,905,424 10 Virginia. 9,100,416 10 Massachusetts 15,119,320

U.1

Bottom 10 States
1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount

1 Wyoming $326,855 1 Wyoming $ 604,808 1 Vermont $1,021,404
2 Vermont 330,202 2 .Vermont 659,551 2 Wyoming 1,025,776
3 Delaware 381,783 3 Delaware 685,457 3 Delaware 1,319,416
4 New Hampshire 591,660 4 Nevada 933,120 4 South Dakota 1,626,603
5 Nevada 606,385 5 South Dakota 984,837 5 North Dakota 1,667,244
6 Maine 672,522 6 North Dakota 1,130,942 6 Montana 1,802,445
7 South Dakota 700,529 7 Idaho 1,140,899 7 Nevada 1,857,417
8 Alaska 723,702 8 Montana 1,163,941 8 New Hampshire 1,973,258
9 Rhode Island 743,181 9 New Hampshire 1,175,751 9 Idaho 1,994,705
10 Montana 816,007 10 Rhode Island 1,284,205 10 Alaska 2,124,255

Source: [6,7,8].
















Table 16. Top and bottom ten states by rank in per capital dollars, all federal agencies, 1970, 1975,
1980



Top 10 States
"1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount bank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Alaska $2,388.46 1 Alaska $3,861.31 1 Alaska $5,304.30
2 North Dakota 1,707.20 2 Hawaii 2,381.90 2 Hawaii 3,265.60
3 New Mexico 1,467.02 3 New York 2,034.81 3 New Mexico 3,254.80
4 Hawaii 1,251.52 4 New Mexico 2,014.24 4 Virginia 3,203.80
5 Nevada 1,240.05 5 Washington 2,005.35 5 Maryland 3,182.60
6 Idaho 1,178.61 6 Maryland 1,955.98 6 Washington 2,908.50
7 New York 1,176.77 7 Connecticut 1,842.95 7 Connecticut 2,865.90
8 Montana 1,175.90 8 Virginia 1,832.18 8 Missouri 2,698.70
9 Maryland 1,151.67 9 North Dakota 1,781.01 9 Massachusetts 2,635.40
10 California 1,122.28 10 California 1,736.22 10 California 2,596.90



Bottom 10 States
"1970 1975 1980
Rank State Amount Rank State Amount Rank State Amount
1 Michigan $552.29 1 Wisconsin $1,022.83 1 Wisconsin $1,606.10
2 Wisconsin 599.60 2 Iowa 1,030.93 2 Indiana 1,686.60
3 Ohio 633.88 3 Ohio 1,054.54 3 North Carolina 1,731.70
4 North Carolina 670.20 4 Michigan 1,055.14 4 Michigan 1,739.80
5 Maine 676.58 5 Indiana 1,076.43 5 Iowa 1,789.80
6 West Virginia 682.58 6 North Carolina 1,146.60 6 Ohio 1,829.70
7 Indiana 684.73 7 Delaware 1,183.86 7 New Jersey 1,935.50
8 Delaware 696.68 8 Minnesota 1,190.19 8 Louisiana 1,938.20
9 Illinois 701.25 9 Arkansas 1,241.93 9 Kentucky 1,969.20
10 Pennsylvania 720.07 10 Nebraska 1,245.18 10 Arkansas 1,971.30

Source: [6,7,8],






37

The issue of budget reductions has been clouded by political rhet-

oric, and much confusion exists among interested citizens. Some specific

program areas will be eliminated or reduced substantially, but expendi-

tures proposed by the Reagan Administration in fiscal year 1982 are ap-

proximately 6 percent greater than estimates of federal outlays during

fiscal year 1981. The current fiscal year, 1982, proposals reduce the

previous growth pattern of federal expenditures rather than reduce the

total federal budget. This reduction in the growth of federal expendi-

tures is being accomplished by adjusting and reestimating economic models

used by the Carter Administration, and by recommending major policy or

program changes. Reductions in individual federal agency outlays are

not indicative of decreased benefits to all clientele of the agency. For

example, proposed changes in the Department of Agriculture should impact

minimally on the total agricultural community. However, producers in

specific commodity or loan programs and certain food stamp receipents

may be confronted with the availability of less federal money.

Program changes in the federal budget will return some of the federal

decision-making authority back to state and local governments. This will

require state and local units to place priorities on programs where they

are now responsible for distribution of funds. In some instances state

and local governments may have -to eliminate or reduce programs which have

been funded in the past. State and local units will also have the alter-

native of increasing revenues to fund programs if they are considered

desirable. Desirability and equity of programs can be debated at the

state/local level and input of local citizens will become more important

in determining policy decisions.

Delaware, Nebraska, Maine, Florida, Tennessee and Massachusetts may

experience more difficulty adjusting to policy changes at the federal







38


level due to substantial improvement in federal per capital receipts

since 1975. For example, Florida's per capital ranking rose from 30th

in 1970, to 26th in 1975 and 15th in 1980. During this decade federal

outlays received by the state or its residents have increased from

$5.7 billion in fiscal year 1970 to $22.8 billion in fiscal year 1980.

States or local communities whose revenue base is dependent upon

federal outlays or who anticipated future federal expenditures at

previous levels will most likely be confronted with more difficult

adjustments.

State and local units of government capable of adapting to changes

in federal fiscal policy should continue to prosper in the future be-

cause of continued growth in the federal budget. However, they must

prepare immediately to determine priorities, and to administer and dis-

tribute funds for programs which they now will control.





39



























APPENDIX A






40









41













Table 1. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and agency
for fiscal year 1970 and April 1, 1970, state population

Agency

STATE DA DD HEW DL DT OTHER TOTAL Population

Thousand dollars thousand
ALABAMA:
total 186,006 892,008 847,549 33,958 125,059 890,014 2,974,594 3,444
per cap 54.01 259.00 246.09 9.86 36.31 258.42 863.70
ALASKA:
total 38,954 281,439 51,003 12,288 145,621 194,397 732,702 303
per cap 128.56 928.84 168.33 40.55 480.60 641.57 2,388.46
ARIZONA:
total 135,633 613,016 415,088 28,542 65,820 572,459 1,830,558 1,775
per cap 76.41 345.36 233.85 16.08 37.08 322.51 1,031.30
ARKANSAS:
total 375,511 244,321 497,754 26,511 41,676 378,369 1,564,142 1,923
per cap 195.27 127.05 258.84 13.79 21.67 196.76 813.39
CALIFORNIA:
total 632,626 9,808,393 5,800,308 269,820 608,233 5,293,674 22,413,054 19,971
per cap 31.68 491.13 290.44 13.51 30.46 265.07 1,122.28
COLORADO
total 176,085 774,787 519,360 18,954 71,994 830,137 2,391,317 2,210
per cap 79.68 350.58 235.00 8.58 32.58 375.63 1,082.04
CONNECTICUT:
total 17,870 1,356,342 734,133 34,050 85,801 887,685 3,115,881 3,032
per cap 5.90 447.64 242.13 11.24 28.30 292.77 1,027.67
DELAWARE:
total 10,672 105,039 112,294 3,797 7 149,974 381,783 548
per cap 19.47 191.68 204.92 6.93 .01 273.68 696.68
DISTRICT OF
COLUMBIA:
total 153,185 1,830,942 928,050 75,750 383,722 3,239,459 6,611,108 757
per cap 202.36 2,418.68 1,225.96 100.07 506.90 4,279.34 8,733.30
FLORIDA:
Total 104,091 1,907,588 2,001,003 44,187 184,305 1,532,940 5,774,114 6,791
per cap 15.33 280.90 294.66 6.51 27.14 225.73 850.26
GEORGIA:
total 290,155 1,979,877 1,002,610 44,422 139,400 815,325 4,271,789 4,588
per cap 63.24 431.53 218.53 9.68 30.38 177.71 931.08
HAWAII:
total 20,512 524,474 144,671 11,014 120,183 142,814 963.668 770
per cap 26.64 681.14 187.88 14.30 156.08 185.47 1,251.52
IDAHO:
total 281,897 100,148 160,856 9,678 40,494 247,279 840,352 713
per cap 395.37 140.46 225.60 13.57 56.79 346.81 1,178.61
"aSee page 55 for agency designations. Continued






42











Table 1. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and agency
for fiscal year 1970 and April 1, 1970, state population


Agencya

STATE DA DD HEW DL DT OTHER TOTAL Population

Thousand dollars thousand

ILLINOIS:
total 585,151 1,538,789 2,687,877 100,523 252,357 2,628,288 7,792,985 11,113
per cap 52.65 138.47 241.87 9.05 22.71 236,51 701.25
INDIANA:
total 226,529 1,216,501 1,056,901 43,757 123,935 890,257 3,557,880 5,196
per cap 43.60 234.12 203.41 8.42 23.85 171.34 684.73
IOWA
total 617,794 277,067 701,604 20,599 69,911 566,291 2,253,266 2,825
per cap 218.69 98.08 248.36 7.29 24.75 200.46 797.62
KANSAS:
-total 563,960 582,242 550,803 20,100 60,039 470,136 2,247,280 2,249
per cap 250.76 258.89 244.91 8.94 26.70 209.04 999.24
KENTUCKY:
total 240,997 494,877 793,462 49,017 115,255 654,540 2,348,158 3,221
per cap 74.82 153.64 246.34 15.22 35.78 203.21 729.02
LOUISIANA:
total 255,237 708,801 804,478 36,947 148,965 678,768 2,633,196 3,642
per cap 70.08 194.62 220.89 10.14 40.90 186.37 723.01
MAINE:
total 26,514 134,648 267,455 9,853 37,512 196,540 672,522 994
per cap 26.67 135.46 269.07 9.91 37.74 197.73 676.58
MARYLAND:
total 96,485 1,697,640 1,222,363 31,033 178,182 1,293,441 4,519,144 3,924
per cap 24.59 432.63 311.51 7.91 45.41 329.62 1,151.67
MASSACHUSETS
total 88,913 1,677,690 1,682,580 62,584 140,272 1,286,909 4,933,948 5,689
per cap 15.63 294,90 295.76 11.00 24.66 226.21 868.16
MICHIGAN:
total 146,224 887,807 2,046,746 77,216 172,272 1,575,159 4,905.424 8,882
per cap 16.46 99.96 2;0.44 8.69 19.40 177.34 552.29
MINNESOTA:
total 637,992 707,971 950,175 9,547 143,587 814,326 3,263,598 3,806
per cap 167.63 186.01 249.65 2.51 37.73 213.96 857.49
MISSISSIPPI:
total 372,262 809,566 549,623 30,866 92,980 464,963 2,320,260 2,217
per cap 167.91 365.16 247.91 13.92 41.94 209.73 1,046.58
MISSOURI:
total 438,828 1,415,707 1,275,467 53,827 143,130 1,224,724 4,551,683 4,678
per cap 93.81 302.63 272.65 11.51 30.60 261.81 973.00
a See page 55 for agency designations. Continued







43











Table 1. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and agency
for fiscal year 1970 and April 1, 1970, state population


Agency
STATE DA DD HEW DL DT OTHER TOTAL Population

Thousand dollars thousand
MONTANA:
total 206,010 143,048 182,070 10,073 92,874 182,002 816,007 694
per cap 296.84 206.12 262.35 14.51 133.82 262.25 1,175.80
NEBRASKA:
total 451,908 239,634 367,837 21,995 39,493 288,012 1,408,879 1,485
per cap 304.32 161.37 247.70 14.81 26.59 193.95 948.74
NEVADA:
total 49,433 127,655 86,240 7,465 38,068 297,524 606,385 489
per cap 101.09 261.05 176.36 15.27 77.85 608.43 1,240.05
NEW HAMPSHIRE:
total 15,734 246,805 168,477 5,566 31,267 123,811 591,660 738
per cap 21.32 334.42 228.29 7.54 42.37 167.77 801.71
NEW JERSEY
total 150,101 1,686,972 1,619,782 82,310 244,124 2,809,845 6,593,134 7,171
per cap 20.93 235.25 225.88 11.48 34.04 391.83 919.42
NEW MEXICO
total 101,863 362,594 246,440 19,695 70,465 690,905 1,491,962 1,017
per cap 100.16 356.53 242.32 19.37 69.29 697.36 1,467.02
NEW YORK
total 915,369 3,775,485 5,602,016 237,794 395,576 10,540,449 21,466,689 18,242
per cap 50.18 206.97 307.09 13.04 21.68 577.81 1,176.77
N. CAROLINA:
total 337,168 1,192,177 1,059,659 42,321 109,327 666,634 3,407,286 5,084
per cap 66.32 234.50 208.43 8.32 21.50 131.12 670.20
N. DAKOTA:
total 396,908 309,168 156,453 7,191 38,358 146,971 1,055,049 618
per cap 642.25 500.27 253.16 11.64 62.07 237.82 1,707.20
OHIO:
total 202,103 1,871,595 2,370,698 82,098 257,260 1,971,452 6,755,206 10,657
per cap 18.96 175.62 222.45 7.70 24.14 184.99 633.88
OKLAHOMA:
total 331,518 852,211 672,183 27,904 138,958 537,959 2,560,733 2,559
per cap 129.55 333.03 262.67 10.90 54.30 210.22 1,000.68
OREGON:
total 269,841 198,286 554,001 33,954 128,101 546,678 1,730,861 2,092
per cap 128.99 94.78 264.82 16.23 61.23 261.32 827.37
PENNSYLVANIA:
total 129,303 2,395,050 3,112,115 101,002 309,729 2,450,339 8,497,538 11,801
per cap 10.96 202.95 263.72 8.56 26.25 207.64 720.07
RHODE ISLAND
total 4,514 264,723 269,510 14,023 14,805 175,605 743,181 950
per cap 4 75 278.66 283.69 14.76 15.58 184.85 782.30
a See page 55 for agency designations. Continued




-A '







44










Table 1. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and agency
for fiscal year 1970 and April 1, 1970, state population

Agency a
STATE DA DD HEW DL DT OTHER TOTAL ..Population

Thousand dollars thousand

S. CAROLINA:
total 178,077 698,644 494,622 23,895 66,144 466,752 1,928,134 2,591
per cap 68.73 269.64 190.90 9.22 25.53 180.14 744.17
S. DAKOTA:
total 214,148 76,051 201,349 9,052 38,014 161,915 700,529 666
per cap 321.54 114.19 302.33 13.59 57.08 243.12 1,051.85
TENNESSEE:
total 324,044 620,097 883,108 42,480 112,240 1,159,160 3,141,129 3,926
per cap 82.54 157.95 224.94 10.82 28.59 295.25 800.08
TEXAS:
total 1,054,852 5,044,027 2,343,629 105,844 336,807 2,232,273 11,177,431 11,199
per cap 94.19 450.40 209.27 9.45 30.07 199.33 992.72
UTAH:
total 68,008 498,949 220,583 21,070 75,190 265,484 1,149,284 1,059
per cap 64.22 471.15 208.29 19.90 71.00 250.69 1,085.25
VERMONT:
total 14,368 58,809 125,628 5,894 32,510 92,993 330,202 445
per cap 32.29 132.16 282.31 13.24 73.06 208.97 742.03
VIRGINIA:
total 201,189 2,284,663 884,936 34,939 267,944 1,026,010 4,699,681 4,651
per cap 43.26 491.22 109.27 7.51 57.61 220.60 1,010.47
WASHINGTON:
total 233,758 1,121,849 833,880 44,634 272,410 936,266 3,442,797 3,413
per cap 68.49 328.70 244.32 13.08 79.82 274.32 1,008.73
W. VIRGINIA:
total 46,808 89,912 502,513 22,480 186,463 342,252 1,190,428 1,744
per cap 26.84 51.56 288.14 12.89 106.92 196.25 682.58
WISCONSIN:
total 171,207 459,228 1,101,225 34,625 65,636 817,101 2,649,022 4,418
per cap 38.75 103.94 249.26 7.84 14.86 184.95 599.60
WYOMING:
total 39,464 57,694 69,438 3,833 34,346 122.080 326,855 332
per cap 118.87 173.78 209.15 11.55 103.45 367.71 984.50
Source: [4, 8 ].,






45



























APPENDIX B





46







47










Table B-X. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and
agency for fiscal year 1975 and July 1, 1975, state population


Agency

STATE DA DO HEW DL DT OTHER TOTAL Population

Thousand dollars thousand
ALABAMA:
total 273,270 1,315,539 1,822,461 91,391 186,338 1,381,792 5,070,791 3,614
per cap 75.61 364.01 504.28 25.29 51.56 382.34 1,403.10
ALASKA:
total 34,586 502,783 164,956 35,973 301,373 319,509 1,359,180 352
per cap 98.26 1,428.36 468.63 102.20 856.17 907.70 3,861.31
ARIZONA:
total -154,532 1,261,790 1,039,080 81,136 172,102 1,001,863 3,710,503 2,224
per cap 69.48 567.35 467.21 36.48 77.38 450.48 1,668.39
ARKANSAS:
total 293,604 384,959 1,118.026 60,031 106,791 664,508 2,627,919 2,116
per cap 138.75 181.93 528.37 28.37 50.47 314.04 1,241.93
CALIFORNIA:
total 1,103,857 13,381,558 11,176,955 836,941 883,134 9,399,462 36,781,907 21,185
per cap 52.11 631.65 527.59 39.51 41.69 443.68 1,736.22
COLORADO:
total 142,548 1,225,779 1,079,930 52,857 233,410 1,557,150 4,291,674 2,534
per cap 56.25 483.73 426.18 20.86 92.11 614.50 1,693.64
CONNECTICUT:
total 64,702 2,513,845 1,562,534 93,294 90,528 1,379,012 5,703,915 3,095
per cap 20.91 812.23 504.86 30.14 29.25 445.56 1,842.95
DELAWARE:
total 19,859 162,192 248,621 14,683 28,165 211,938 685,457 579
per cap 34.30 280.12 429.40 25.36 48.64 366.04 1,183.86
DISTRICT OF
COLUMBIA:
total 285,101 1,915,317 1,231,342 436,549 945,766 5,197,462 10,011,537 752
per cap 379.12 2,546.96 1,637.42 580.52 1,257.67 6,911.52 13,313.21
FLORIDA:
total 355,879 2,789,686 5,085,074 185,988 357,028 2,958,741 11,732,396 8,357
per cap 42.58 333.81 608.48 22.26 42.72 354.04 1,403.91
GEORGIA:
total 475,419 2,021,492 2,230,636 124,772 471,227 1,725,360 7,048,906 4,926
per cap 96.51 410.37 452.83 25.33 95.66 350.26 1,430.96
HAWAII:
total 47,950 1,106,976 327,819 36,686 199,769 341,144 2,060,344 865
per cap 55.43 1,279.74 378.98 42.41 230.95 394.39 2,381.90
IDAHO:
total 114,961 141,755 351,453 27,010 95,691 410,029 1,140,899 820
per cap 140.20 172.87 428.60 32.94 116.70 500.04 1,391.34
"aee page 55 for agency designations. Continued







48










Table B-1. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and
agency for fiscal year 1975 and July 1, 1975, state population


Agency

STATE DA DD HEW DL DT OTHER TOTAL Population

Thousand dollars thousand

ILLINOIS:
total 594,349 1,468,949 5,688,052 266,074 619,584 5,728,822 14,365,830 11,145
per cap 53.33 131.80 510.37 23.87 55.59 514.03 1,288.99
INDIANA:
total 158,595 1,261,131 2,290,292 171,346 250,616 1,630,627 5,762,607 5,311
per cap 29.64 235.66 427.96 32.02 46.82 304.70 1,076.43
IOWA:
total 234,230 265,942 1,409,207 45,959 139,005 864,439 2,958,782 2,870
per cap 81.61 92.66 491.01 16.01 48.43 301.20 1,030.93
KANSAS:
total 186,151 1,027,789 1,092,018 42,340 143,989 798,282 3,290,569 2,267
per cap 82.11 453.37 481.70 18.68 63.52 352.13 1,451.51
KENTUCKY:
total 245,359 972,364 1,769,065 112,384 181,566 1,368,146 4,648,884 3,396
per cap 72.25 286.33 520.93 33.09 53.46 402.87 1,368.93
LOUISIANA:
total 326,121 1,186,635 1,668,534 111,585 247,693 1,259,116 4,799,685 3,791
per cap 86.03 313.01 440.13 29.43 65.34 332.13 1,266.07
MAINE:
total 61,386 179,852 590,582 35,473 50,928 401,098 1,319,319 1,059
per cap 57.97 169.83 557.68 33.50 48.09 378.75 1,245.82
MARYLAND:
total 195,016 2,244,521 2,673,586 84,304 473,285 2,344,900 8,015,612 4,098
per cap 47.59 547.71 652.41 20.57 115.49 572.21 1,955.98
MASSACHUSETTS:
total 137,455 2,252,936 3,477,694 234,676 350,486 2,269,894 8,723,141 5,828
per cap 23.59 386.57 596.72 40.27 60.14 389,48 1,496.76
MICHIGAN:
total 240.217 1,201,564 4,710,051. 347,165 382,225 2,780,698 9,661,920 9,157
per cap 26.23 131.22 514.37 37.91 41.74 303.67 1,055.14
MINNESOTA:
total 443,860 592,188 1,948,732 101,894 196,466 1,389,545 4,672,685 3,926
per cap 113.06 150.84 496.36 25.95 50.04 353.93 1,190.19
MISSISSIPPI:
total 307,274 1,456,104 1,159,384 58,553 150,548 698,869 3,830,732 2,346
per cap 130.98 620.68 494.20 24.96 64.17 .297.90 1,632.88
MISSOURI:
total 358,065 2,090,445 2,523,834 118,036 235,323 2,033,289 7,358,992 4,763
per cap 75.18 438.89 529,88 24.78 49.41 426.89 ,1-565.

a See page 55 for agency designations. Continued







49











Table B-1. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and
agency for fiscal year 1975 and July 1, 1975, state population


Agency

STATE DA DD HEW DL OT OTHER TOTAL Population

Thousand dollars thousand

MONTANA:
total 129,311 163,959 370,524 32,552 129,919 337,676 1,163,941 748
per cap 172.88 219.20 495.35 43.52 173.69 451.44 1,556.07
NEBRASKA:
total 178,894 310,112 745,627 30,492 127,082 532,845 1,925,052 1,546
per cap 115.71 200.59 482.29 19.72 82.20 344.66 1,245.18
NEVADA:
total 24,089 221,505 221,007 31,124 73,567 361,828 933,120 592
per cap 40.69 374.16 373.32 52.57 124.27 611.20 1,576.22
NEW HAMPSHIRE:
total 35,713 388,613 388,088 18,532 38,629 306,176 1,175,751 818
per cap 43.66 475.08 474.44 22.66 47.22 374.30 1,437.35
NEW JERSEY:
total 350,913 1,744,898 3,675,217 251,866 328,341 5,252,119 11,603,354 7,316
per cap 47.97 238.50 502.35 34.43. 44.88 717.89 1,586.02
NEW MEXICO:
total 138,033 492,995 519,857 46.684 97,943 1,014,820 2,310,332 1,147
per cap 120.34 429.81 453.23 40.70 85.39 884.76 2,014.24
NEW YORK:
total 952,712 4,578,062 11,967,630 619,354 555,716 18,197,354 36,870,826 18,120
per cap 52.58 252.65 660.47 34.18 30.67 1,004,27 2,034.81
N. CAROLINA:
total 343,811 1,728,150 2,321,117 123,300 320,270 1,413,476 6,250,124 5,451
per cap 63.70 317.03 425.82 22.62 58.75 259.31 1,146.60
N DAKOTA:
total 93,232 371,044 314,677 20,642 76,178 255,169 1,130,942 635
per cap 146.82 584.32 495.55 32.51 119.97 401.84 1,781.01
OHIO
total 387,363 2,152,829 4,842,662 240,129 314,945 3,407,852 11,345,780 10,759
per cap 36.00 200.10 450.10 22.32 29.27 316.74 1,054.54
OKLAHOMA:
total 155,783 1,128,439 1,429,201 83,771 236,947 1,016,540 4,050,681 2,712
per cap 57.44 416.09 526.99 30.89 87.37 374.83 1,493.61
OREGON:
total 378,937 244,585 1,212,404 78,527 200,718 900,004 3,015,175 2,288
per cap 165.62 106.90 529.90 34.32 87.73 393.36 1,317.82
PENNSYLVANIA:
total 326,873 2,665,606. 6,817,099 316,476 713,540 4,342,043 15,181,637 11,827
per cap 27.64 225.38 576.40 26.76 60.33 367.13 1,283.64
a See page 55 for agency designations. Continued







5Q











Table B-1. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and
agency for fiscal year 1975 and July 1, 1975, state population


Agency

STATE DA DD HEW DL DT OTHER TOTAL Population

Thousand dollars thousand

RHODE ISLAND:
total 28,649 259,411 553,014 47,625 23,497 372,009 1,284,205 927
per cap 30.91 279.84 596.56 51.38 25.35 401.30 1,385.33
S. CAROLINA:
total 239,449 1,151,327 1,117,435 70,837 93,315 884,177 3,556,540 2,818
per cap 84.97 408.56 396.53 25.14 33.11 313.76 1,262.08
S. DAKOTA:
total 102,773 133,278 354,949 18,629 69,152 306,056 984,837 683
per cap 150.47 195.14 519.69 27.28 101,25 448.11 1,441.93
TENNESSEE:
total 343,204 738,930 1,956,697 100,257 199,515 2,226,588 5,565,191 4,188
per cap 81,95 176.44 467.22 23.94 47.64 531.66 1,328.84
TEXAS:
total 989,297 5,383,060 5,108,090 276,706 552,009 3,898,974 16,208,136 12,237
per cap 80.84 439.90 417.43 22.61 45.11 318.62 1,324.52
UTAH:
total 77,245 587,449 454,926 49,630 130,817 488,811 1,788,878 1,206
per cap 64.05 487.11 377.22 41.15 108.47 405.32 1,483.32
VERMONT:
total 29,882 149.976 272,903 16,459 27,233 163,098 659,551 471
per cap 63.44 318.42 579.41 34.94 57.82 346.28 1,400.32
VIRGINIA:
total 241,401 4,221,109 1,974,569 89,576 289,021 2,284,740 9,100,416 4,967
per cap 48.60 849.83 397.54 18.03 58.19 459.98 1,832.18
WASHINGTON:
total 268,139 2,724,160 1,810,220 147,498 225,289 1,931,664 7,106,970 3,544
per cap 75.66 768.67 510.78 41.62 63.57 545.05 2,005.35
W.VIRGINIA:
total 108,280 170,326 1,167,050 44,501 284,444 648,987 2,423,588 1,803
per cap 60.06 94.47 647.28 24.68 157.76 359.95 1,344.20
WISCONSIN:
total 268,434 376,449 2,452,457 108,758 172,096 1,333,980 4,712,174 4,607
per cap 58.27 81.71 532.33 23.61 37.36 289.56 1,022.83
WYOMING:
total 33,470 108.478 144,250 8,574 93,519 '216,517 604.808 374
per cap 89.49 290.05 385.70 22.93 250.05 578.92 1,617.13

Source:[4, 6 ] .





51





























APPENDIX C





52












Table C-i. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and agency for fiscal year 1980
and preliminary population by state, 1980 census

Agency

STATE DA DD HHS DE DL DT OTHER TOTAL POPULATION
Thousand dollars thousand

ALABAMA:
total 489,594 2,092,023 3,122,645 268,191 300,435 270,665 2,285,942 8,829,495 3,890
per cap 125.86 537.79 802.72 68.94 77.23 69.58 587.60 2,269.80
ALASKA:
total 81,306 762,348 170,369 71,599 82,278 324,278 632,077 2,124,255 400
per cap 203.02 1,903.58 425.41 178.78 205.45 809.72 1,578.30 5,304.30
ARIZONA:
total 345,410 1,648,350 2,000,723 158,940 176,375 185,039 1,701,983 6,216,820 2,718
per cap 127.09 606.49 736.14 58.48 64.89 68.08 626.20 2,287.40
ARKANSAS:
total 508,829 610,180 2.010,862 129,569 125,553 141,323 979,221 4,505,537 2,286
per cap 222.63 266.98 879.83 56.69 54.93 61.83 428.40 1,971.30
CALIFORNIA:
total 2,017,576 22,238,117 19,979,143 956,225 1,462,678 1,327,177 13,483,536 61,464,452 23,669
per cap 85.24 939.56 844.12 40.40 61.80 56.07 569.70 2,596.90
COLORADO:
total 530,804 1,646,935 1,785,127 125,892 144,270 254,485 2,462,952 6,950,465 2,889
per cap 183.74 570.10 617.94 43.58 49.94 88.09 852.60 2,406.00
CONNECTICUT:
total 146,279 4,239,346 2,807,277 112,738 142,798 184,441 1,273,107 8,905,986 3,108
per cap 47.07 1,364.20 903.37 36.28 45.95 59.35 409.70 2,865.90
DELAWARE:
total 41,370 409,369 465,463 37,164 52,889 37,859 275,302 1,319,416 595
per cap 69.50 687.76 782.00 62.44 88.86 63.60 462.50 2,216.70
DISTRICT OF
COLUMBIA:
total 966,650 2,348,017 2,768,887 279,832 834,939 1,725,803 7,148,906 16,073,034 638
per cap 1,515.95 3,682.29 4,342.32 438.85 1,309.40 2,706.50 11,211.30 25.206.60
a See page 55 for agency designations. Continued

















Table C-1. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and agency for fiscal year 1980
and preliminary population by state, 1980 census

Agency a
STATE DA DD HHS DE DL DT OTHER TOTAL POPULATION

Thousand dollars thousand

FLORIDA:
total 792,764 5,055,272 10,224,004 346,622 473,217 979,626 4,950,640 22,822,145 9,740
per cap 81.39 519.02 1,049.69 35.59 48.58 100.58 508.30 2,343.10
GEORGIA:
total 770,567 2,953,763 3,810,519 235,035 293,391 468,514 2,557,200 11,088,989 5,464
per cap 141.02 540.56 697.35 43.01 53.69 85.74 468.00 2,029.40
HAWAII:
total 104,683 1,647,987 617,294 52,081 72,366 148,385 508,481 3,151,277 965
per cap 108.48 1,707.76 639.68 53.97 74.99 153.77 526.90 3,265.60
IDAHO:
total 280,119 204,018 623,150 38,396 55,371 51,541 742,110 1,994,705 944
per cap 296.76 216.14 660.16 40.68 58.66 54.60 786.20 2,113.20
ILLINOIS:
total 1,033,744 2,300,971 9,574,356 484,577 578,163 940,668 8,120,682 23,033,161 11,418
per cap 90.53 201.51 838.50 42.44 50.63 82.38 711.20 2,017.20
INDIANA:
total 443,799 1,864,583 4,176,134 172,193 503,335 272,532 1,827,152 9,259,728 5,490
per cap 80.84 339.62 760.66 31.36 91.68 49.64 332.80 1,686.60
IOWA:
total 869,491 425,830 2,472,543 143,003 84,402 178,060 1,041,552 5,214,431 2,913
per cap 298.45 146.01 848.68 49.09 28.97 61.12 357.50 1,789.80
KANSAS:
total 641,400 1,407,699 1,938,522 114,929 84,021 193,031 1,039,354 5,418,956 2,363
per cap 271.41 595.67 820.29 48.64 35.55 81.68 439.80 2,293.10
KENTUCKY:
total 424,942 1,181,431 2,894,186 197,746 243,992 257,436 2,010,479 7,210,212 3,661
per cap 116.06 322.67 790.45 54.01 66.64 70.31 549.10 1,969.20
a See page 55 for agency designations. Continued












Table C-1. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and agency for fiscal year 1980
and preliminary population by state, 1980 census

Agency

STATE DA OD HHS DE DL DT OTHER TOTAL POPULATION
Thousand dollars thousand
LOUISIANA:
total 614,707 .1,478,276 2,902,546 218,598 197,614 277,927 2,109,446 7,799,114 4,024
per cap 152.76 367.37 721.31 54.32 49.11 69.07 524.20 1,938.20
MAINE:
total 111,210 684,725 1,025,053 88,338 62,277 76,075 529,697 2,577,375 1,125
per cap 98.88 608.83 911.43 78.55 55.37 67.64 471.00 2,291.70
MARYLAND:
total 375,391 3,880,237 4,107,459 192,807 264,530 724,772 3,874,132 13,419,328 4,216
per cap 89.03 920.26 974.15 45.73 62.74 171.89 918.80 3,182.60
MASSACHUSETTS:
total 307,332 4,453,257 5,913,960 321,217 386,538 655,334 3,081,682 15,119,320 5,737
per cap 53.57 776.23 1,030.84 55.99 67.38 114.23 537.20 2,635.40
MICHIGAN:
total 622,895 2,330,238 8,181,228 385,200 1,158,373 401,627 3,028,558 16,108,119 9,258
per cap 67.28 251.69 883.66 41.61 125.12 43,38 327,10 1,739.80
MINNESOTA:
total 1,117,342 1,313,146 3,304,341 193,396 152,522 255,570 1,753,127 8,089,444 4,077
per cap 274.05 322.07 810.45 47.43 37.41 62.68 430.00 1,984.10
MISSISSIPPI:
total 448,887 1,511,415 1,946,597 178,930 155,327 115,018 1,099,853 5,456,027 2,521
per cap 178.08 599.62 772.26 70.99 61.62 45.63 436.30 2,164.50
MISSOURI:
total 839,733 4,215,717 4,408,376 212,429 313,765 391,532 2,889,005 13,270,557 4,917
per cap 170.77 857.30 896.48 43.20 63.81 79.62 587.50 2,698.70
MONTANA:
total 271,963 179,892 587,620 54,936 49,821 115,550 596,663 1,802,445 787
per cap 277.06 228.67 746.95 69.83 63.33 146.88 758.40 2,291.20

a See page 55 for agency designations. Continued















Table C-1. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and agency for fiscal year 1980
and preliminary population by state, 1980 census

Agencya

STATE DA DO HHS DE DL DT OTHER TOTAL POPULATION

Thousand dollars thousand
NEBRASKA:
total 754,194 -549,532 1,235,237 84,317 41,850 113,490 789,842 3,568,462 1,570
per cap 480.38 350.02 786.77 53.71 26.66 72.29 503.10 2,272.90
NEVADA:
total 58,530 355,398 500,559 27,384 46,279 116,985 752,282 1,857,417 799
per cap 73.70 447.50 630.28 34.48 58.27 147.30 947.20 2,338.80
NEW HAMPSHIRE:
total 52,812 649,444 719,258 42,459 28,702 80,946 399,637 1,973,258 921
per cap 57.37 705.45 781.28 46.12 31.18 87.93 434.10 2,143.40
NEW JERSEY:
total 393,727 2,677,456 6,534,698 290,294 550,081 532,147 3,275,057 14,253,460 7,364 C"
per cap 53.47 363.58 887.37 39.42 74.70 72.26 444.70 1,935.50
NEW MEXICO:
total 258,119 888,168 858,949 95,177 87,020 106,182 1,937,583 4,231,198 1,300
per cap 198.56 683.22 660.75 73.22 66.94 81.68 1,490.50 3,254.80
NEW YORK:
total 1,709,378 6,778,770 18,720,275 936,596 1,272,323 1,539,842 9,784,530 40,741,714 17,557
per cap 97.36 386.09 1,066.24 53.35 72.47 87.70 557.30 2,320.50
NORTH CAROLINA:
total 670,651 2,387,868 4,193,617 343,029 207,099 267,769 2,102,509 10,172,542 5,874
per cap 114.16 406.49 713.88 58.39 35.25 45.58 357.90 1,731.70
NORTH DAKOTA:
total 350,949 309,048 501,918 44,046 27,799 78,315 355,169 1,667,244 653
per cap 537.69 473.50 768.99 67.48 42.59 119.99 544.20 2,554.40
OHIO:
total 687,675 3,280,687 8,708,948 439,948 844,965 469,584 5,324,460 19,756,267 10,797,419
per cap 63.69 303.84 806.58 40:75 78.26 43.49 493.10 1,829.70
OKLAHOMA:
total 390,025 1,675,629 2,414,225 161,747 133,533 316,305 1,468,536 6,560,000 3,025
per cap 128.92 553.88 798.02 53.47 44.14 104.55 485.40 2,168.40
a See page 55 for agency designations. Continued












"Table C-1. Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and agency for fiscal year 1980
and preliminary population by state, 1980 census


Agency

STATE DA DD HHS DE DL DT OTHER TOTAL POPULATION
"Thousand dollars thousand

OREGON:
total 574,902 448,171 2,144,677 120,136 161,587 227,641 1,540,431 5,217,545 2.633
per cap 218.37 170.23 814.64 45.63 61.38 86.47 585.10 1,981.90
PENNSYLVANIA:
total 703,604 4,388,297 11,869,755 508,959 933,189 1,265,865 5,504,722 25,174,391 11,867
per cap 59.29 369.80 1,000.26 42.89 78.64 106.67 463.90 2,121.40
RHODE ISLAND:
total 52,240 486,237 900,978 57,649 71,283 54,487 541,013 2,163,887 947
per cap 55.15 513.37 951.25 60.87 75.26 57.53 571.20 2,284.60
S. CAROLINA:
total 411,348 1,899,729 2,095,889 204,059 129,058 98,938 1,387,419 6,226,440 3,119
per cap 131.88 609.04 671.93 65.42 1 41.38 31.72 444.80 1,996.20
S. DAKOTA:
total 286,132 188,508 554,695 56,426 32,531 75,325 432,986 1,626,603 690
per cap 414.58 273.13 803.70 81.76 47.13 109.14 627,40 2,356.80
TENNESSEE:
total 583,030 1,096,627 3,519,697 222,638 252,362 301,146 5,595,508 11,571,008 4,591
per cap 127.00 238.88 766.69 48.50 54.97 65.60 1,218.90 2,520.50
TEXAS:
total 1,823,229 10,046,213 8,964,699 636,319 530,507 867,760 6,462,644 29,331,371 14,228
per cap 128.14 706.07 630.06 44.72 37.29 60.99 454.20 2,061.50
UTAH:
total 197,553 895,368 804,657 74,927 78,738 145,589 899,631 3,096,463 1,461
per cap 135.21 612.83 550.74 51.28 53.89 99.65 615.70 2,119,40
VERMONT:
total 56,907 168,638 453,102 34,541 27,046 44,794 .236,466 1,021,494 511
per cap 111.26 329.72 885.91 67.54 52.88 87.58 462.30 1,997.20
a Seepage 55 for agency designations. Continued

















Table C-1 Total and per capital federal executive branch outlays by state and agency for fiscal year 1980
and preliminary population by state, 1980 census


Agency
STATE DA DO HHS DE DL DT OTHER TOTAL POPULATION

Thousand dollars thousand

VIRGINIA:
total 411,904 8,648,729 3,546,271 278,557 256,235 445,459 3,541,303 17,128,458 5,346
per cap 77.04 1,617.71 663.32 52.10 47.93 83.32 662.40 3,203.80
WASHINGTON:
total 459,207 4,098,019 3,193,424 194,379 274,450 801,748 2,991,308 12,012,535 4,130
per cap 111.18 992.22 773.20 47.06 66.45 194.12 724,30 2,908.50
WEST VIRGINIA:
total 177,800 241,814 1,871,913 89,163 201,178 306,204 1,008,005 3,896,077 1,950
per cap 91.20 124.03 960.13 45.73 103.19 157.06 517.00 1,998.40
WISCONSIN:
total 509,358 592,912 4,267,751 198,562 226,189 216,231 1,546,097 7,557,100 4,705
per cap 108.25 126.01 907.00 42.20 48.07 45,95 328.60 1,606,10
WYOMING:
total 68,309 139,549 238,613 23,376 18,210 67,000 470,719 1,025,776 471
per cap 145.09 296.40 506.81 49.65 38.68 142.31 999.80 2,178.70


Note: Individual agency components may not add to total due to rounding.

a/ggency designations are as follows: DA = Department of Agriculture, DD = Department of Defense, HEW = Health,
Education and Welfare, HHS = Health and Human Services, DE = Department of Education, DL = Department of Labor,
DT = Department of Transportation, Other = All other Federal Agencies.

Source: [5,7 ].





59


REFERENCES


[1] Clouser, Rodney and Glenn Nelson. Federal Executive Branch Expendi-
tures in Indiana. Purdue University, Cooperative Extension Ser-
vice EC-457, 1977.

[2] Executive Office of the President. Additional Details on Budget
Savings, Fiscal Year 1982 Budget Revisions. Washington: Office
of Management and Budget, April 1981.

[3] Gordon, John R. Federal Executive Branch Expenditures in Florida.
University of Florida, Cooperative Extension Service, Circular
453.

[4] U.S. Bureau of Census. "Estimates of the Population of States With
Components of Change: 1970 to 1975", Population Estimates and
Projections. Series P-25, No. 640. Washington: U.S. Government
Printing Office, November 1976.

[5] 1980 Census of Population and Housing (Ad-
vance Reports, PHC 80-V-1, United States Summary). Washington:
U.S. Government Printing Office, April 1981.

[6] U.S. Community Services Administration. Geographic Distribution of
Federal Funds in Summary, Fiscal Year 1975. Springfield, Virgina:
"National Technical Information Service, 1976.

[7] Geographic Distribution of
Federal Funds in Summary, Fiscal Year 1980. Springfield, Virgina:
National Technical Information Service, 1981.

[8] ____. Information on 1970 federal
outlays prepared by special request. Silver Spring Maryland.





University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs