• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 List of Figures
 Purpose of study
 Corn for grain
 Cotton
 All hay
 Oats
 Peanuts picked and threshed
 Soybeans harvested for beans
 Sugarcane
 Tobacco, flue cured, type 14
 Tobacco, shade grown, type 62
 Wheat
 Summary






Group Title: Economic information report
Title: Field crops production in Florida, 1925-1974
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026507/00001
 Material Information
Title: Field crops production in Florida, 1925-1974 a historical data series
Series Title: Economic information report - University of Florida. Food and Resource Economics Dept. ; 24
Physical Description: iv, 54 p. : graphs ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Greene, R. E. L. ( Robert Edward Lee ), 1910-
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1975
Copyright Date: 1975
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- History -- Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Field crops -- History -- Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: statistics   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Statistics   ( lcsh )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: R. E. L. Greene.
General Note: Cover title.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00026507
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - ABT0628
oclc - 3412945
alephbibnum - 000304057
oclc - 03412945
lccn - 77620842

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Table of Contents
        Page i
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    List of Figures
        Page iv
    Purpose of study
        Page 1
    Corn for grain
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Cotton
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    All hay
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Oats
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
    Peanuts picked and threshed
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    Soybeans harvested for beans
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
    Sugarcane
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
    Tobacco, flue cured, type 14
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
    Tobacco, shade grown, type 62
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
    Wheat
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    Summary
        Page 53
        Page 54
Full Text

. L. Greene Economic Information
Report 24




Field Crops Production
in Florida, 1925-1974--
A Historical Data Series






/HUE L A R









and Resource Economics Department
iltural Experiment Stations
ite of Food and Agricultural Sciences
rsity of Florida, Gainesville 32611 April 1975














TABLE OF CONTENTS



Page


LIST OF TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . iii

LIST OF FIGURES . . . . . . . .. .. . . . iv

PURPOSE OF STUDY . . . . . . ........ . . . 1

CORN FOR GRAIN . . . . . . ...... ... . 2

Acres Harvested for Grain . .... . . . . .... 2
Yield per Acre . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Production . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 7
Price per Bushel . . . . . . . . . . .. 7
Value of Production . . . . . . . 7

COTTON . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 8

Acres Harvested . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Yield per Acre . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Production . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Price per Pound . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Value of Production . . . . . . . . . .. 13

ALL HAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Acres Harvested . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Yield per Acre . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Production . . . . . . . . ... ... 18
Price per Ton . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Value of Production . . . . . . . . . . .. 18

OATS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Oats Harvested for Grain . . . . . . .. . 19
Yield per Acre . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Production . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Price per Bushel . . .. . . . . . . . . 24
Value of Production . . . . . . . . . 24







i







TABLE OF CONTENTS--Continued



Page

PEANUTS PICKED AND THRESHED . . . .. . . . . .... 24

Acres Harvested .. . . . . . . . . . . 24
Yield per Acre . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Production .. . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Price per Pound . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Value of Production . . . . . . . . . . . 29

SOYBEANS HARVESTED FOR BEANS . . . . . . . . . 30

Acres Harvested . . . . . . . . . . .. 30
Yield per Acre . . . . . . . . .. . . 30
Production .. . . . . . . . ..... .. 30
Price per Bushel .. . . . . . . . . . .. 34
Value of Production . . . . . . . . ... ... 34

SUGARCANE . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 34

Acres Harvested . . . . . . . . . .. . . 34
Yield per Acre . . . . . . . . . . 34
Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Price per Ton . . . . . . . . . .. .. . 39
Value of Production . . . . . . . . . . 39

TOBACCO, FLUE CURED, TYPE 14 . . . . . . . . . 40

Acres Harvested . . . . . .. . . . 40
Yield per Acre . . . . . . . . . . . .. 40
Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Price per Pound . . . . . . .. ....... . 40
Value of Production . . . . . .... . .. 45

TOBACCO, SHADE GROWN, TYPE 62 . . .. . . . . . 45

Acres Harvested . . . . . .. . . . . . 45
Yield per Acre . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Price per Pound . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Value of Production . . . . . . . . . . 50

WHEAT .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

Acres Harvested for Grain . . . . . . .... .. 50
Yield per Acre . . . . . . . . . .. . 53
Production . . .. * 53
Price per Bushel .. .. . . . . . . . . . 53
Value of Production . . . . . ..... ... 53

SUMMARY ...... .............. ............. . 53


ii












LIST OF TABLES



Bble Page

1 Corn harvested for grain: Acres, yield per acre,
production, price per bushel, value of production and
indexes, Florida, 1925-1974 . . . . . . . . 3

2 Cotton: Acres, yield per acre, production, prioe per
pound, and value of production, Florida, 1925-1974 . . 9

3 All hay harvested: Acres, yield per acre, production,
price per ton, value of production and indexes, Florida,
1925-1974 . . . . . . . .. . . . . 14

4 Oats: Acres planted, acres harvested for grain, yield per
acre, total production, price per bushel, value of production,
Florida, 1925-1974 .. . .... . . . . .... . 20

5 Peanuts picked and threshed: Acres, yield per acre,
production, price per pound, value of production and indexes,
Florida, 1925-174 . . . . . . . .... ..... 25

6 Soybeans: Acres harvested for beans, yield per acre,
production, price per bushel, value of production and
indexes, Florida, 1950-1974 . . . . . .. . . 31

7 Sugarcane for sugar and seed: Acres harvested, yield per
acre, production, price per ton, value of production and
indexes, Florida, 1930-1974 . . . . . . .... 35

8 Tobacco, flue cured, type 14: Acres harvested, yield per
acre, production, price per pound, value of production
and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974 . ........ . 41

9 Tobacco, shade grown, type 62: Acres.harvested, yield per
acre, production, price per pound, value of production and
indexes, Florida, 1925-1974 . . . . . . ... 46

10 Wheat: Acres planted, acres harvested for grain, yield per
acre, production, value of production and indexes, Florida,
1958-1974 . . . . . . . . . . . 51






iii












LIST OF FIGURES



gure Page

1 Corn harvested for grain: Acres harvested, yield per
acre, and production, Florida, 1925-1974 . . . . . 6

2 Cotton: Acres, harvested, yield per acre and production,
Florida, 1925-1974 . . . . . . . . ... . 12

3 All hay harvested: Acres harvested, yield per acre and
production, Florida, 1925-1974 . . . . . .... 17

4 Oats: Acres harvested for grain, yield per acre and total
production, Florida, 1925-1974 . . . . . .... 23

5 Peanuts picked and threshed: Acres harvested, yield per
acre and production, Florida, 1925-1974 . . . . .. 28

6 Soybeans: Acres harvested, yield per acre and production,
Florida, 1950-1974 . . . . . . . . ... ... 33

7 Sugarcane for sugar and seed: Acres harvested, yield per
acre and production, Florida, 1925-1974 ......... 38

8 Tobacco, flue cured, type 14: Acres harvested, yield per
acre and production, Florida, 1925-1974 . . . ... 44

9 Tobacco, shade grown, type 62: Acres harvested, yield per
acre and production, Florida, 1925-1974 . . . . ... 49

10 Wheat: Acres harvested for grain, yield per acre and
total production, Florida, 1958-1974 ........... 52















iv














FIELD CROPS PRODUCTION IN FLORIDA--1925-1974
A HISTORICAL DATA SERIES


R. E. L. Greene


Total agricultural production is increasing in Florida. However,

some enterprises are declining in importance while others are experiencing

more than average growth. All farmers are concerned with the question of

the kind of enterprise or enterprises they should produce. Many factors

should be considered in the selection and combination of enterprises that

will yield the highest net returns. Trends in acres or numbers, production

and. returns for various enterprises gives a picture of their relative im-

portance over a period of time. Such data are valuable in appraising

Florida's agriculture.


PURPOSE OF STUDY


The purpose of this report is to present historical data for field

crops to show trends in acres, production per acre, total production,
1
price per unit, and value of production or cash receipts. The data cover

the period 1925 to 1974 except where a crop became of economic importance

during this period.

Over the past 50 years, farmers have stopped producing some field

crops while others have become of economic importance. Acres have also


R. E. L. GREENE is professor of food and resource economics.

The basic data in this report were taken from selected Annual Field
Crops Summary Reports prepared by the Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting
Service, Orlando, Florida.
1





2

declined for some field crops but total production may not have decreased

because the increased production per acre has been enough to offset the

decline in acres harvested. For most crops, the increased efficiency of

production has taken place since the early or late nineteen forties.

The crops are discussed in alphabetical order without regard to their

relative value of production. Data are presented for corn for grain, cot-

ton, bay, optsi peanut picked and threshed, soybeans, sugarcane, tobacco--

flue cured and shade and wheat.


CORN FOR GRAIN


More land is planted in corn than in any other field crop grown in

the state. Normally about three-fourths of the planted acreage is harvested

for grain (Table 1).


Acres Harvested for Grain


During the 1925 to 1974 period, the maximum acreage harvested was

756,000 in 1935 and the minimum acreage 291,000 in 1970 (Table 1). Acres

harvested increased from 1925 to 1935 and then declined sharply to 1949

(Fig. 1). Acres then declined moderately until 1960. From 1961 to 1966,

there was a period of slow increase in acres harvested. Acres harvested

in 1967 increased sharply but the amount harvested in the 1970-74 period

was just slightly more than the low point reached in 1970.


Yield per Acre


Yield per acre declined slowly from 1925 to 1933 and then, with the

exception of 1939, increased slowly to 1948. This was followed by a rapid

increase in yield until 1967. Yield per acre fluctuated considerably from

1967 to 1974. Yield during the five year period 1930-34 averaged 8.5 bushels







Table l.--Corn harvested for grain: Acres, yield per acre, production, price per bushel, value of
production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974


Index (1967 = 100)

Planted Harvested Yield Average Value Planted Harvested Yield Value
for all for per price per of for all for per of
Period purposes grain acre Prod. bushel prod. purposes grain acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Acres Bushels Bushels Dollars Dollars

1925 601 13.5 8,114 .93 7,546 130 27 35 30
1926 606 596 13.5 8,046 .84 6,759 114 129 27 35 27
1927 612 601 10.5 6,310 .99 6,247 115 130 21 27 25
1928 643 621 11.0 6,831 1.05 7,173 121 135 22 30 28
1929 651 613 10.8 6,620 .93 6,157 123 133 22 29 24
1930 664 622 9.0 5,598 .88 4,826 125 135 18 24 19
1931 750 702 8.5 5,967 .52 3,103 141 152 17 26 12
1932 758 717 8.5 6,094 .46 2,830 143 156 17 26 11
1933 788 738 8.0 5,904 .71 4,192 148 160 16 26 17
1934 728 685 8.7 5,960 .79 4,708 137 149 17 26 19
1935 809 756 10.0 7,560 .71 5,368 152 164 20 33 21
1936 743 702 9.5 6,669 1.03 6,969 140 152 19 29 27
1937 758 674 10.0 6,740 .76 5,122 143 146 20 29 20
1938 743 694 10.5 7,287 .60 4,372 140 151 21 32 17
1939 747 650 8.2 5,330 .75 3,998 141 141 16 23 16
1940 737 633 11.5 7,280 .70 5,096 139 137 23 32 20
1941 725 607 10.0 6,070 .82 4,977 137 132 20 26 20
1942 711 575 11.0 6,325 1.05 6,641 134 125 22 27 26
1943 747 595 11.5 6,882 1.54 10,537 141 129 23 30 42
1944 732 550 10.5 5,775 1.62 9,556 138 119 21 25 38
----- i-------------------------,----------------------i- -- --






Table l.--Corn harvested for grain: Acres, yield per acre, production, price per bushel, value of
production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Index (1967 = 100)

Planted Harvested Yield Average Value Planted Harvested Yield Value
for alla for per price per of for all for per of
Period purposes grain acre Prod. bushel prod. purposes grain acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Acres Bushels Bushels Dollars Dollars

1945 629 495 11.0 5,445 1.72 9,365 118 107 22 24 37
1946 660 526 10.0 5,260 1.39 9,941 124 114 20 23 39
1947 .629 492 12.0 5,904 2.13 12,576 118 107 24 26 50
1948 642 424 10.0 4,240 1.70 7,208 121 92 20 18 28
1949 580 344 12.5 4,300 1.31 5,633 109 75 25 19 22
1950 625 347 14.0 4,858 1.49 7,238 118 75 28 21 29
1951 606 361 17.5 6,138 1.61 10,172 114 78 35 27 40
1952 650 375 15.5 5,812 1.76 10,229 122 81 31 25 40
1953 611 330 18.0 5,940 1.49 8,851 115 72 36 26 35
1954 599 346 17.0 5,882 1.51 8,882 113 75 34 26 35
1955 588 353 20.0 7,060 1.12 7,905 111 77 40 31 31
1956 559 333 21.0 6,993 1.17 8,182 105 72 42 30 32
1957 530 315 23.0 7,245 1.23 8,911 100 68 46 31 35
1958 540 317 25.0 7,925 1.21 9,589 102 69 50 34 38
1959 567 327 26.0 8,502 1.15 9,777 107 71 52 37 39
1960 517 307 39.0 8,903 1.12 9,971 97 67 58 39 39
1961 481 332 35.0 11,620 1.07 12,433 91 72 70 50 49
1962 433 319 37.0 11,803 1.19 14,046 82 69 74 51 55
1963 446 335 40.0 13,400 1.16 15,544 84 73 80 58 61
1964 442 332 29.0 9,628 1.23 11,842 83 72 58 42 47



*










Table l.--Corn harvested for grain: Acres, yield per acre, production, price per bushel, value of
production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Index (1967 100)

Planted Harvested Yield Average Value Planted Harvested Yield Value
for all for per price per of for all for per of
Period purposes grain acre Prod. bushel prod. purposes grain acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Acres Bushels Bushels Dollars Dollars

1965 455 352 43.0 15,488 1.20 18,586 86 76 86 67 73
1966 450 359 50.0 15,437 1.36 20,944 85 78 100 67 83
1967 531 461 50.0 .. 23,050 1.10 25,355 100 100 100 100 100
1968 457 396 42.0 16,632 1.19 19,792 86 86 84 72 78
1969 380 327 39.0 12,753 1.28 16,324 72 71 78 55 64

1970 388 291 25.0 7,275 1.55 11,276 73 63 50 32 44
1971 376 314 49.0 15,386 1.07 16,463 71 68 98 67 65
1972 365 307 46.0 14,122 1.39 19,630 69 67 92 61 77
1973 400 340 43.0 14,620 2.55 37,281 75 74 86 63 147
1974 398 48.0 19,104 3.40 64.954 86 96 83 256

Five year averages

1925-29 628b 606 11.8 7,184 .94 6,776 118b 131 24 31 27
1930-34 738 693 8.5 5,905 .67 3,946 139 150 17 26 16
1935-39 760 695 9.7 6,717 .77 5,146 143 151 19 29 20
1940-44 730 592 10.9 6,458 1.13 7,321 137 128 22 28 29
1945-49 628 456 11.0 5,030 1.78 8,945 118 99 22 22 35

1950-54 618 352 16.3 5,726 1.59 9,083 116 76 33 25 36
1955-59 557 329 22.9 7,545 1.18 8,873 105 71 46 33 35
1960-64 464 325 34.1 11,071 1.15 12,767 87 70 68 51 50
1965-69 455 379 44.0 16,672 1.21 .20,200 86 82 88 67 80

1970-74 382b 330 42.7 14,101 2.12 29,921 72b 72 85 61 118


"aIncludes acreage foraged by animals, cut for silage and abandoned for natural purposes.

























Acres Yield Prod.
harvested per acre (1,000
(1,000) (bushels) bushels)



800 Acres harvested -60.0 -32,000
A
700 ,' 52.5 28,000


600 \ -45.0 24,000
\ Yield per acre-
500 -37.5 20,000
A
400 30.0 16,000
L-1
300 /-' -22.5 12,000


200 -15.0 8,000
***. .*"... + Production
100 .. 7.5 4,000


0 0 0

1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970



Figure l.--Corn harvested for grain: Acres harvested, yield
per acre and production, Florida, 1925-1974






7

per acre compared to 44.0 bushels during the 1965-69 period. This was
an increase of slightly over 400 percent.


Production


Two factors affect production. One is acres harvested and the sec-
ond is yield per acre. As already indicated, acres harvested increased
from 1925 to 1933 and then declined sharply or moderately until 1960.
Yield per acre and total production showed a downward trend from 1925 to
1935. Over the rest of the period, production increased but at a slower
rate than yield per acre as the relative decline in acres harvested was
greater than the increase in yield per acre. The highest year for pro-
duction was 1967 when 23,050,000 bushels of corn were produced. The
smallest production came in 1948 when only 4,240,000 bushels were harves-
ted.


Price per Bushel


Except for 1928 and 1936, price was less than $1.00 per bushel
from 1925 to 1941. The highest price year was 1974 when corn was valued
at $3.40 per bushel. From 1955 to 1974 price was less than $1.25 per
bushel except for six years--1966, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, and 1974.


Value. of Production


The value of corn produced fluctuated widely over the years studied.
The annual value was only $3,946,000 in the 1930-34 period compared to
$29,921,000 in the 1970-74 period. In both 1973 and 1974, cash receipts
for corn sold accounted for about .6 percent of the cash receipts from all
crops and livestock sold in Florida.






8

COTTON


Acres Harvested


At one time cotton was a relatively important enterprise in Florida.

However, cotton is of small economic importance at the present time (Table

2). During the 1925 to 1974 period, acres harvested reached a peak of

147,000 in 1930 (Fig. 2); this compared to a low of only 8,200 acres in

1970. Except for fluctuations from year to year, the decline in acres

was rapid from 1925 to 1946. Acres harvested then showed an upward trend

to 1953. Except for year to year variations, acres decreased from 1953

to 1970 at almost as rapid a rate as during the 1925 to 1946 period.


Yield per Acre


Yield per acre was fairly constant from 1925 to 1942 (Fig. 2). Al-

though there was considerable year to year fluctuations, yield per acre

increased from 1942 to 1971. The most rapid increase in yield was from

1967 to 1971. The lowest yield per acre was 75 pounds in 1939. The

highest yield was 602 pounds in 1971.


Production


Production of cotton trended downward from 1925 to 1972 with inter-

mittent periods of high and low production (Fig. 2). Peak production

came in 1930 when 56,000 500 pound bales were harvested. The year of

lowest production was 1946 when only 6,000 bales were harvested. Even

though acres harvested in the 1970-74 period were cnly about one-third

of that harvested in the 1945-49 period, the number of bales harvested

was about the same because of the large increase in yield per acre.










Table 2.--Cotton: Acres, yield per acre, production, price per pound, value of production and indexes,
Florida, 1925-1974


Acres Indexes (1967 = 100)

Prod. Avg. Acres Prod.
Yield 500 lbs. price Value Yield 500 lbs. Value
per gross wt. per of per gross wt. of
Period Planteda Harvested acre bales pound prod. Planted Harvested acre bales prod.
1,000
Year Acres Acres Pounds Bales Cents Dollars

1925 .114,000 112,000 182 43,000 21.27 4,561 1,018 1,120 54 614 469
1926 126,000 122,000 140 36,000 12.86 2,299 1,125 1,220 42 514 236
1927 80,000 77,000 114 18,000 19.63 1,806 714 770 34 257 186
1928 121,000 111,000 93 22,000 17.60 1,901 1,080 1,110 28 314 195
1929 124,000 122,000 129 33,000 17.01 2,796 1,107 1,226 38 471 287
1930 150,000 147,000 183 56,000 9.68 2,720 1,339 1,470 54 806 280
1931 142,000 139,000 165 48,000 5.49 1,332 1,268 1,390 49 686 137
1932 105,000 100,000 84 18,000 6.30 556 938 1,000 25 257 57
1933 119,000 94,000 114 28,000 9.33 1,318 1,063 940 34 400 135
1934 93,000 92,000 145 28,000 12.24 1,705 830 920 43 400 175
1935 91,000 89,000 165 31,000 10.29 1,576 813 890 49 443 162
1936 90,000 88,000 170 31,000 11.85 1,848 804 880 51 443 149
1937 120,000 118,000 162 40,000 8.39 1,669 1,071 1,180 48 571 172
1938 82,000 76,000 163 26,000 8.93 1,158 732 7,600 49 371 119
1939 74,000 68,000 75 11,000 9.93 527 661 680 22 157 54
1940 68,000 65,000 154 21,000 10.85 1,128 607 650 46 300 116
1941 63,000 61,000 135 17,000 17.12 1,461 563 616 40 243 150
1942 59,000 56,000 141 16,000 18.63 1,534 527 560 42 229 158
1943 42,000 40,000 187 16,000 20.42 1,591 375 400 56 229 164
1944 30,000 29,000 219 13,000 20.35 1,343 268 290 65 186 138









Table 2.--Cotton: Acres, yield per acre, production, price per pound, value of production and indexes,
Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Acres Indexes (1967 = 100)

Prod. Avg. Acres Prod.
Yield 500 Ibs. price Value Yield 500 Ibs. Value
paper gross wt. per of per gross wt. of
Period Planted Harvested acre bales pound prod. Planted Harvested acre bales prod.
1,000
Year Acres Acres Pounds Bales Cents Dollars

1945 25,000 24,000 169 8,000 21.21 896 223 240 50 114 92
1946 23,000 22,000 131 6,000 32.71 983 205 220 39 86 101
1947 32,000 31,000 165 11,000 31.84 1,703 286 310 49 157 175
1948 30,300 29,000 249 15,000 30.55 2,303 271 290 74 214 237
1949 47,000 46,000 181 17,000 29.49 2,545 420 460 54 243 262
1950 32,000 31,000 226 14,000 37.99 2,781 286 316 67 200 286
1951 64,000 62,000 255 33,000 36.08 5,946 571 620 76 471 611
1952 62,000 60,000 249 31,000 38.94 6,048 554 600 74 443 622
1953 73,000 71,000 182 27,000 32.39 4,359 652 710 54 386 448
1954 37,200 36,200 332 25,000 34.18 4,275 332 362 99 357 439
1955 35,000 33,500 354 24,700 33.93 4,185 313 335 105 353 430
1956 35,000 30,000 215 13,500 32.65 2,200 313 330 64 193 226
1957 21,500 20,400 237 10,100 32.33 1,629 192 204 71 144 167
1958 15,000 14,400 304 9,100 33.60 1,534 134 -144 90 130 158
1959 27,500 26,500 244 13,500 31.-66 2,133 246 265 73 193 219
1960 25,900 24,500 327 16,700 30.95 2,583 231 245 97 239 265
1961 24,800 23,500 279 13,700 31.98 2,188 221 235 83 196 225
1962 21,500 20,600 371 16,000 32.51 2,597 192 206 110 229 265
1963 25,100 23,800 384 19,100 31.87 3,037 224 238 114 273 312
1964 25,400 24,000 325 16,300 29.34 2,394 227 240 97 233 246













Table 2.--Cotton: Acres, yield per acre, production, price per pound, value of production and indexes,
Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Acres Indexes (1967 100)

Prod. Avg. Acres Prod.
Yield 500 lbs. price Value Yield 500 lbs. Value
per gross wt. per of per gross vt. of
Period Planted Harvested acre bales pound prod. Planted Harvested acre bales prod.
1,000
Year Acres Acres Pounds Bales Cents Dollars

1965 23,100 22,000 305 14,000 27.90 1,955 206 220 91 200 201
1966 15,500 14,300 336 10,000 20.33 1,021 138 143 100 143 105
1967 11,200 10,000 336 7,000 22.50 973 100 100 100 100 100
1968 13,400 11,000 431 9,900 24.05 1,191 120 110 128 141 122
1969 13,600 9,700 464 9,400 20.00 940 121 97 138 134 97
1970 13,310 8,200 436 7,400 23.60 883 119 82 130 106 91
1971 11,500 9,300 602 11,700 30.80 1,723 103 93 179 167 177
1972 12,500 11,300 572 13,500 28.70 1,855 112 113 170 193 191
1973 12,600 11,500 522 12,500 51.00 3,063 112 115 155 179 315
1974 11,500 501 12,000 39.00 2,246 115 149 171 231
Five year averages
1925-29 112,800 108,800 132 30,400 17.67 1,687 1,007 1,088 39 434 173
1930-34 121,800 114,400 144 35,600 8.61 1,526 1,088 1,144 43 509 157
1935-39 91,400 87,800 147 27,800 9.88 1,356 816 878 44 397 139
1940-44 52,400 50,200 167 16,600 17.47 1,411 468 502 50 237 145
1945-49 31,400 30,400 179 11,400 29.16 1,686 280 304 53 163 173
1950-54 53,640 52,040 249 26,000 35.92 4,682 479 520 74 371 481
1955-59 26,800 24,960 271 14,180 32.83 2,336 239 250 81 203 240
1960-64 24,540 23,280 337 16,360 31.33 2,560 219 233 100 234 263
1965-69. 15,360. 13,400 374 10,060 22.96 1,216 137 134 111 144 125
1970-74b 12,478 10,360 527 11,420 34.62 1,954 111b 104 157 163 201
"bPrior to 1957 acreage in cultivation on July 1.
Four year average





12




















Acres harvested
production Yield
(bales, 500 lb. e e
gross weight) (pounds)



140,000 700
Acres harvested
120.000 -600


100,000 500

Yield per acre :"-
80,000 400


60,000 00


40,000 A "'/ 200


20,000 100

-Production
"I I I I I I I 1 0
1925 1930 1935 1940 1945' 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970


Figure 2.--Cotton: Acres harvested, yield per acre and production
Florida, 1925-1974





13

Price per Pound


The average price per pound received for cotton sold was only 8.61

cents in the 1930-34 period. This compared with a price of 35.92 cents

per pound in the 1950-54 period. Average price was 34.62 cents in the

1970-74 period.


Value of Production


The value of cotton produced is determined by the amount of cotton

produced and the price per pound. Because price per pound increased as

the amount produced decreased, the value of production in the 1970-74

period was slightly higher than the value of production in the 1925-29

period. The lowest value in any year was in the depression year.of 1932

when value of cotton produced was only $556,000. The highest value came

in 1952 when the crop sold for $6,048,000.


ALL HAY


Acres Harvested


Acres of hay harvested annually in Florida increased more than two

fold between 1925 and 1974 (Table 3). Except for year to year fluctua-

tions, acres harvested increased substantially from 1926 to 1948 (Fig. 3)

There was a sharp drop in acreage in 1949. This was followed by another

period of increase until 1956. There was another sharp decrease until

1959. The most rapid increase in hay acreage occurred between 1959 and

1974. Acres harvested in 1974 were 197,000.









Table 3.--All hay harvested: Acres, yield per acre, production, price per ton, value of
production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acreage per price per of Acreage per of
Period harvested acre Prod. ton prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Tons Tons Dollars Dollars

1925 80 .64 51 20.80 1,061 51 36 19 12
1926 79 .67 53 21.16 1,118 51 38 19 13
1927 90 .62 56 20.00 1,120 58 35 20 13
1928 84 .64 54 19.40 1,048 54 36 20 12
1929 83 .61 51 17.60 898 53 35 19 10
1930 86 .59 51 17.30 882 55 34 19 10
1931 95 .60 57 12.30 701 61 34 21 8
1932 90 .44 40 9.00 360 58 25 15 4
1933 86 .47 40 10.60 424 55 27 15 5
1934 99 ..59 58 13.00 754 63 34 21 9
1935 96 .54 52 11.20 582 62 31 19 7
1936 101 .50 51 11.90 607 65 28 19 7
1937 96 .54 52 10.60 551 62 31 19 6
1938 115 .61 70 10.90 763 74 35 26 9
1939 106 .52 55 13.00 715 68 30 20 8
1940 114 .61 70 12.00 840 73 35 26 10
1941 108 .59 64 15.50 992 69 34 23 12
1942 134 54 72 16.70 1,202 86 31 26 14
1943 127 .52 66 23.20 1,531 81 30 24 18
1944 118 .54 64 22.00 1,408 76 31 23 16










Table 3.--All hay harvested: Acres, yield per acre, production, price per ton, value of
production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acreage per price per of Acreage per of
Period harvested acre Prod. ton prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Tons Tons Dollars Dollars

1945 125 .57 71 22.30 1,583 80 32 26 18
1946 123 .49 60' 24.20 1,452 79 28 22 17
1947 125 .54 67 21.70 1,454 80 31 24 17
1948 132 .58 77 18.40 1,417 85 33 28 16
1949 97 .68 66 17.20 1,135 62 39 24 13
1950 95 .74 70 18.50 1,295 61 42 26 15
1951 102 .95 97 23.80 2,309 65 54 35 27
1952 98 .93 91 26.70 2,430 63 53 33 28
1953 108 1.17 126 23.10 2,911 69 66 46 34
1954 115 1.20 138 29.00 4,002 74 68 50 46
1955 119 1.23 146 27.40 4,000 76 70 53 46
1956 131 1.31 172 27.40 4,713 84 74 63 55
1957 110 1.42 156 29.80 4,649 71 81 57 54
1958 117 1.50 176 29.40 5,174 75 85 64 60
1959 96 1.56 150 28.60 4,290 62 89 55 50
1960 109 1.52 166 31.20 5,179 70 86 61 60
1961 '120 1.70 204 32.20 6,569 77 97 74 76
1962 114 1.60 182 31.00 5,642 73 91 66 65
1963 138 1.73 239 32.30 7,720 88 98 87 89
1964 142 1.67 237 31.10 7,371 91 95 86 85
U'*









Table 3.--All hay harvested: Acres, yield per acre, production, price per ton, value of
production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acreage per price per of Acreage per of
Period harvested acre Prod. ton prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Tons Tons Dollars Dollars

1965 143 1.62 231 30.40 7,022 92 92 84 81
1966 153 1.58 241 32.50 7,832 98 90 88 91
1967 156 1.76 274 31.50 8,631 100 100 100 100
1968 163 1.77 288 32.50 9,360 104 101 105 108
1969 163 1.85 302 33.00 9,966 104 105 110 115
1970 166 1,72 286 31.00 8,856 106 98 104 103
1971 176 1.95 343 33.00 11,319 113 111 125 131
1972 183 1.70 311 37.00 11,507 117 97 114 133
1973 188 1.95 367 43.50 15,965 120 111 134 185
1974 197 2.10 414 57.00 23,598 126 119 151 273
Five year averages

1925-29 83 .64 53 19.79 1,049 53 36 19 12
1930-34 91 .54 59 12.73 624 58 31 18 7
1935-39 103 .54 56 11.50 644 56 31 20 7
1940-44 120 .56 67 17.84 1,195 77 32 24 14
1945-49 120 .57 68 17.38 1,181 77 32 25 14
1950-54 104 1.00 104 24.89 2,589 67 57 38 30
1955-59 115 1.39 160 28.53 4,565 74 79 58 53
1960-64 125 1.65 206 31.53 6,496 80 94 75 75
1965-69 156 1.71 267 32.07 8,562 100 97 97 99
1970-74 182 1.89 344 41.43 14,251 117 107 126 165





17









Acres Yield Prod.
harvested per acre (1,000
(1,000) (tons) tons)

200, 2 2.35 365


190 2.20 340


180 Prduction : 2.05 315


170 1.90 290

160 1.75 265

150 1.60 240
I
140 Yield per acre / 1.45 215
140 .45 25


130 ; / 1.30 190

120 1.15 165
S* I
110 I 0 I 1.00 140
i i i
I ": I Acres harvest


A I
100A .85 115


90 I .70 90
0 .. IV ;
80.# :'. .:.' .55 65

70 0, .40 40

1. 1

1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970


Figure 3.--A11 hay harvested: Acres harvested, yield per acre and
production, Florida, 1925-1974





----t8----- -------------------


Yield per Acre


Except for year to year fluctuations, average yield was somewhat

similar from 1925 to 1946. In most years during this period, yield was

less than .6 ton per acre. Yield then increased until 1973. The highest

yield was in 1974 when 2.10 tons of hay per acre were harvested.


Production


Total production of hay increased only moderately from 1925 to 1950.

This was followed by a rapid increase in production until 1974. Only

40,000 tons of hay were harvested each year in 1932 and 1933 compared to

414,000 tons in 1974. This was an increase of 935 percent.


Price per Ton


Most of the hay harvested in Florida is of fairly low quality. This

is reflected in the low value per ton. The average price per ton for all

hay harvested in 1932 was $9. The price was $57.00 per ton in 1974. Hay

was never valued as high as $30 per ton between 1925 and 1959. However,

price was $30 or more per ton each year from 1960 to 1974.


Value of Production


For the 1930-34 period, the value of hay produced per year averaged

only $624,000. During the five year period 1970 to 1974, the annual value

of hay harvested was $14,251,000. The annual value of hay harvested was

less than $4,000,000 from 1925 to 1953. Value was $4,000,000 or more each

year between 1955 and 1974. The highest annual value of hay produced was

in 1974 when the value of production was $23,598,000.





19

OATS


Oats are not a particularly important enterprise in the state.

They have been grown mainly for a grazing crop or for a cover crop.

Normally only a third or less of the acres planted is harvested for

grain (Table 4).


Oats Harvested for Grain


Except during the period 1943 to 1959 15,000 acres or less of oats

were harvested for grain each year (Fig. 4). The highest acreage during

the study period was 45,000 harvested in 1945. In 1932 and 1949 only

6,000 acres of oats were harvested each year. There is a trend for a

larger portion of the acres planted in oats to be harvested for grain.


Yield per Acre


From 1925 to 1944, yield per acre for oats harvested for grain was

less than 20 bushels each year. Yield per acre then trended up reaching

a peak of 55 bushels per acre in 1969. Despite the higher yield per acre,

apparently returns from oats are not high enough to keep them in.the crop

ping system. Acres harvested declined after 1955 and leveled off at about

11,000 acres per year.


Production


Peak years for grain harvested were 1952 and 1953 when over one

million bushels were harvested each year. In these years acres harvested

were 40,000 and 38,000 respectively and yield per acre 27 and 28 bushels.

The smallest production came in 1932 when 75,000 bushels were harvested;

acres harvested were only 6,000 and yield per acre 12.5 bushels.










Table 4.--Oats: Acres planted, acres harvested for grain, yield per acre, total production, price per
bushel, value of production, Florida, 1925-1974


Acres Indexes (1967 = 100)

Planted Harvested Yield Average Value Acres Yield Value
for all for per price per of per of
Period purposes grain acre Prod. bushel prod. Planted Harvested acre Prod. prod.

Year Acres Acres Bushels Bushels Dollars Dollars

1925 a 10,000 12.5 125,000 .82 102,000 a 91 34 31 28
1926 9,000 9,000 16.7 150,000 .64 96,000 35 82 45 37 27
1927 9,000 9,000 11.0 99,000 .70 69,000 35 82 30 24 19
1928 9,000 9,000 15.0 135,000 .78 105,000 35 82 41 33 29
1929 12,000 8,000 14.0 112,000 .80 90,000 46 73 38 28 25
1930 12,000 7,000 16.0 112,000 .78 87,000 46 64 43 28 24
1931 13,000 8,000 18.0 144,000 .51 73,000 50 73 49 35 20
1932 13,000 6,000 12.5 75,000 .38 28,000 50 55 34 18 8
1933 14,000 7,000 12.0 84,000 .64 54,000 54 64 32 21 15
1934 14,000 8,000 13.0 104,000 .75 78,000 54 73 35 26 22
1935 17,000 9,000 13.0 117,000 .69 81,000 65 82 35 29 23
1936 16,000 9,000 15.0 135,000 .74 100,000 62 82 41 33 28
1937 18,000 10,000 14.0 140,000 .71 99,000 69 91 38 34 28
1938 17,000 10,000 14.0 140,000 .49 69,000 65 91 38 34 19
1939 18,000 10,000 12.5 125,000 .57 71,000 69 91 34 31 20
1940 19,000 11,000 14.0 154,000 .66 102,000 73 100 38 38 28
1941 18,000 11,000 14.5 160,000 .67 107,000 69 100 39 39 30
1942 24,000 15,000 14.0 210,000 .84 176,000 92 136 38 52 49
1943 80,000 20,000 15.0 300,000 1.14 342,000 308 182 41 74 96
1944 150,000 40,000 17.6 704,000 1.26 887,000 577 364 48 173 248









Table 4.--Oats: Acres planted, acres harvested for grain, yield per acre, total production, price per
bushel, value of production, Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Acres Indexes (1967 = 100)

Planted Harvested Yield Average Value Acres Yield Value
for all for per price per of per of
Period purposes grain acre Prod. bushel prod. Planted Harvested acre Prod. prod.

Year Acres Acres Bushels Bushels Dollars Dollars

1945 145,000 45,000 20.0 900,000 1.07 963,000 558 409 54 221 269
1946 .160,000 40,000 18.0 720,000 1.38 994,000 615 364 49 177 278
1947 160,000 30,000 20.0 600,000 1.65 990,000 615 273 54 147 277
1948 135,000 21,000 19.0 399,000 1.69 674,000 519 191 51 98 188
1949 124,000 6,000 16.0 96,000 1.37 132,000 477 55 43 24 37
1950 100,000 9,000 18.0 162,000 1.43 232,000 385 82 49 40 65
1951 117,000 16,000 22.0 352,000 1.32 465,000 450 145 59 86 130
1952 164,000 40,000 27.0 1,080,000 1.11 1,199,000 631 364 73 265 335
1953 171,000 38,000 28.0 1,064,000 1.01 1,075,000 658 345 76 261 300
1954 171,000 30,000 22.0 660,000 .94 620,000 658 273 59 162 173
1955 188,000 32,000 24.0 768,000 .96 737,000 723 291 65 189 206
1956 178,000 30,000 22.0 660,000 .90 594,000 685 273 59 162 166
1957 151,000 25,000 24.0 600,000 .95 570,000 581 227 65 162 159
1958 123,000 20,000 30.0 600,000 .93 558,000 473 182 81 162 156
1959 102,000 16,000 28.0 448,000 .98 439,000 392 145 76 110 123
1960 80,000 14,000 32.0 448,000 .93 417,000 308 127 86 110 116
1961 57,000 13,000 34.0 442,000 .86 380,000 219 118 92 109 106
1962 60,000 12,000 33.0 396,000 .91 360,000 231 109 .89 97 101
1963 48,000 11,000 32.0 352,000 .93 327,000 185 100 86 86 91
1964 33,000 10,000 36.0 360,000 .94 338,000 127 91 97 88 94
N









Table 4.--Oats: Acres planted, acres harvested for grain, yield per acre, total production, price per
bushel, value of production, Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Acres Indexes (1967 = 100)

Planted Harvested Yield Average Value Acres Yield Value
for all for per price per of per of
Period purposes grain acre Prod. bushel prod. Planted Harvested acre Prod. prod.

Year Acres Acres Bushels Bushels Dollars Dollars

1965 28,000 11,000 38.0 418,000 .92 385,000 108 100 103 103 108
1966 27,000 11,000 40.0 440,000 .96 422,000 104 100 108 108 118
1967 26,000 11,000 37.0 407,000 .88 358,000 100 100 100 100 100
1968 26,000 11,000 45.0 495,000 .82 406,000 100 100 122 122 113
1969 28,000 13,000 55.0 715,000 .80 572,000 108 118 149 176 160
1970 29,000 12,000 47.0 564,000 .65 367,000 112 109 127 139 103
1971 32,000 17,000 49.0 833,000 .70 583,000 123 154 132 205 163
1972 31,000 13,000 32.0 416,000 .70 291,000 119 118 86 102 81
1973 32,000 11,000 38.0 418,000 1.30 543,000 123 100 103 103 152
1974 12,000 35.0 420,000 1.35 567,000 109 95 103 158
Five year averages
1925-29 9,750b 9,000 13.8 124,200 .74 92,400 38b 82 37 31 26
1930-34 13,200 7,200 14.4 103,800 .62 64,000 51 65 39 26 18
1935-39 17,200 9,600 13.7 131,400 .64 84,000 66 87 37 32 23
1940-44 58,200 19,400 15.8 305,600 1.06 322,800 224 '176 43 75 90
1945-49 144,800 28,400 19.1 543,000 1.38 750,600 557 258 52 133 210
1950-54 144,600 26,600 25.0 663,600 1.08 718,200 556 242 68 163 201
1955-59 148,400 24,600 25.0 615,200 .94 579,600 571 224 68 151 162
1960-64 55,600 12,000 33.3 399,600 .91 364,400 214 109 90 98 102
1965-69 27,000b 11,400 43.4 495,000 .87 428,600 104 104 117 122 120
1970-74 31,000 13,000 40.8 530,200 .89 470,200 119 118 110 130 131

aNot reported.





23













Yield Total
Acres per prod.
harvested acre (1,000
(1,000) (bushels) bushels)


Yield per acre
55 55 1,100
Production
+ I
5..0 1,000


45 45 900
I I

40 40 800

I \ \' -',''
S Acres harvested + / 700
3. 35 A 700

I
30 : 30 600

\o, .. o ,o
25 : 25 500
"V \ -..
20 A* 20 400

A
"15 I % 15 300


S10 10 200


5 5 100


0 I 0 0

1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970



Figure 4.--Oats: Acres harvested for grain, yield per acre
and total production, Florida, 1925-197





24

Price per Bushel


From 1925 to 1942 and 1954 to 1972 price was less than a dollar

per bushel each year. In 1932 average price was only 38 cents per

bushel, the lowest during the study period. Price was the highest in

1948 when it averaged $1.69 per bushel.


Value of Production


Only in 1952 and 1953 did the value of oats amount to more than a

million dollars per year. There were only 12 years during the study

period that value of production was more than $500,000 per year. The

lowest value was in 1932 when the crop was valued at only $28,000.


PEANUTS PICKED AND THRESHED


From 1925 to 1955, half or less of the peanuts grown alone were

picked and threshed. At the present time, about two-thirds of the acres

grown alone are so harvested (Table 5).


Acres Harvested


Acres of peanuts harvested increased rapidly from 1926 to 1942 (Fig.

5). With the exception of three peaks, acres harvested then experienced

a big decline until 1960. After 1960 harvested acres trended up moderately

until 1971. Fifty-five thousand acres were picked and threshed in each

of the years 1973 and 1974. This compared with a peak acreage of 115,000

in 1942.









Table 5.--Peanuts picked and threshed: Acres, yield per acre, production, price per pound,
value of production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974


Acres Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Grown per price per of Grown per of
Period alone Threshed acre Prod. pound prod. alone Threshed acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Acres Pounds Pounds Cents Dollars

1925 100 36 650 23,400 3.8 889 127 73 40 30 10
1926 108 32 680 21,760 4.3 936 137 65 42 28 11
1927 108 38 640 24,320 3.7 900 137 78 40 31 10
1928 108 49 575 28,175 4.1 1,155 137 100 36 36 13
1929 129 51 625 31,875 3.1 988 163 104 39 40 11
1930 128 51 520 26,520 2.9 769 162 104 32 34 9
1931 127 55 570 31,350 1.0 314 161 112 35 40 4
1932 126 58 415 24,070 1.2 289 159 118 26 31 3
1933 113 51 505 25,755 2.5 644 143 104 31 33 7
1934 107 57 550 31,350 3.0 940 135 116 34 40 11
1935 125 63 610 38,430 2.9 1,114 158 129 38 49 13
1936 145 72 650 46,800 3.3 1,544 184 147 40 59 17
1937 130 68 575 39,100 2.9 1,134 165 139 36 50 13
1938 160 75 750 56,250 3.0 1,688 203 153 47 71 19
1939 193 85 440 37,400 2.9 1,085 244 173 27 47 12
1940 212 90 760 68,400 2.8 1,915 268 184 47 87 22
1941 229 85 680 57,800 4.0 2,312 290 173 42 73 26
1942 298 115 570 .65,550 5.1 3,343 377 235 35 83 38
1943 304 110 680 74,800 7.0 5,236 385 224 42 95 59
1944 288 100 625 62,500 7.5 4,688 365 204 39 79 53










Table 5.--Peanuts picked and threshed: Acres, yield per acre, production, price per pound,
value of production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Acres Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Grown per price per of Grown per of
Period alone Threshed acre Prod. pound prod. alone Threshed acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Acres Pounds Pounds Cents Dollars

1945 262 100 660 66,000 8.0 5,280 332 204 41 84 60
1946 262 100 465 46,500 8.3 3,860 332 204 29 59 44
1947 272 105 660 69,300 9.4 6,514 344 214 41 88 74
1948 261 110 775 82,250 9.9 8,440 336 224 48 104 96
1949 191 67 765 51,255 10.0 5,126 242 137 48 65 58
1950 170 72 850 61,200 9.5 5,814 215 147 53 78 66
1951 160 65 870 56,550 9.4 5,316 203 133 54 72 60
1952 142 54 925 49,950 10.2 5,095 180 110 57 63 58
1953 133 56 1,000 56,000 10.1 6,956 168 114 62 71 79
1954 129 55 810 44,550 10.6 4,722 163 112 50 56 53
1955 116 60 1,020 61,200 11.1 6,793 147 122 63 78 77
1956 11' 5- 1,075 60,200 10.7 6,441 149 114 67 76 73
1957 106 52 880 45,760 8.7 3,981 134 106 55 58 45
1958 102 52 1,120 58,240 9.9 5,766 129 106 70 74 65
1959 94 49 900 44,100 8.3 3,660 119 100 56 56 41
1960 92 47 1,180 55,460 9.0 4,991 116 96 73 70 56
1961 92 47 1,230 57,810 10.1 5,839 116 96 76 73 66
1962 88 48 1,320 63,360 10.1 6,399 111 98 82 80 72
1963 87 49 1,380 67,620 10.6 7,165 110 100 80 86 81
1964 86 50 1,500 75,000 10.7 8,025 109 102 93 95 91








Table 5.--Peanuts picked and threshed; Acres, yield per acre, production, price per pound,
value of production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Acres Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Grown per price per of Grown per of
Period alone Threshed acre Prod. pound prod. alone Threshed acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Acres Pounds Pounds Cents Dollars

1965 83 50 1,660 83,000 10.8 8,964 105 -OZ 103 105 101
1966 80 49 1,475 72,275 10.7 7,733 101 100 92 92 88
1967 79 49 1,610 78,890 11.2 8,836 100 100 100 100 100
1968 77 51 1,680 85,680 11.4 9,768 98 104 104 109 111
1969 77 53 1,605 85,065 12.0 10,208 98 108 100 108 116
1970 74 53 2,075 109,975 13.0 14,297 94 108 129 139 16Z
1971 74 54 2,590 139,860 14.0 19,580 94 110 161 177 222
1972 71 54 2,550 137,700 14.6 20,104 90 110 158 175 228
1973 68 55 2,735 150,425 16.4 24 670 86 112 170 191 279
1974 55 3,000 165,000 18.0 29:700 112 186 209 336
Five year averages

1925-29 ill 41 632 25,906 -6.3 974 141 84 39 33 11
1930-34 120 54 515 27,809 2.1 591 152 110 32 35 7
1935-39 151 73 597 43,596 3.0 1,313 191 149 37 55 15
1940-44 266 100 658 65,810 5.3 3,499 337 204 41 83 40
1945-49 250 96 663 63,661 9.2 5,844 316 ---196 41 81 66
1950-54 147 60 928 55,651 9.4 5,221 186 122 58 71 59
1955-59 107 54 998 53,900 9.9 5,328 135 110 .62 68 60
1960-64 89 48 1,330 63,850 10.2 6,484 113 98 83 81 73
1965-69 79 50 1,620 80,982 11.2 9,110 100 102 101 103 103
1970-74 72 54 2,604 140,592 15,4 21,670 91a 110 162 178 245

Four year average.





28











Acres Yield Prod.
harvested per acre (1,000
(1,000) (pounds) pounds)


120 .3,150 "152,000
Production *
110 :*: -2,875 -139,000

I f
00- Acres harvestedJ I -,600 -126,000


90 I -2,325 113,000


80 : 2,050 -100,000
I

70 IA -1,775 87,000


60 -1,500 74,000
6A

50 .. 1,225 61,000


40 '.; 950 48,000


30 675 35,000
30 \ Yield per acre

20 400 22,000




1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970



Figure 5.--Peanuts picked and threshed: Acres harvested,
yield per acre and production, Florida, 1925-1974





29

Yield per Acre


There was considerable year to year variation in yield per acre of

peanuts but there was no particular trend in yield from 1925 to 1946.

The normal yield during this period varied mostly between 500 and 675

pounds per acre. From 1945 to 1968, yield per acre increased from 660

to 1,680 pounds. The highest yield occurred in 1974 when 3,000 pounds

were produced per acre.


Production


Annual production of peanuts depends on acres harvested and yield

per acre. Although yield showed no particular trend from 1926 to 1948,

production increased substantially due to the increase in number of acres

harvested. Average production changed very little between 1949 and 1960

but then increased rapidly until 1974. This was a period of rapid rise ir

yield per acre and a moderate increase in acres harvested. The lowest

production of peanuts was in 1926 when only 21,760,000 pounds were har-

vested. This compared with a production of 165,000,000 pounds in 1974,

the year of highest production.


Price per Pound


Peanut prices fluctuated between a low of 1.0 cents per pound in 1931

to a high of 38.4 cents in 1974. From 1961 to 1974, peanut prices average

10 cents or more per pound each year.


Value of Production


The peanut crop harvested in 1974 had a value of $29,700,000. This

compared with a low value of only $289,000 in 1932. Cash receipts from

peanuts marketed in 1974 amounted to only 1.6 percent of total cash receip





30

from all crops and livestock and livestock products sold that year.


SOYBEANS HARVESTED FROM BEANS


Soybeans are an enterprise that became of economic importance between

1925 and 1974. The Crop and Livestock Reporting Service first reported

statistics for soybeans in 1949.


Acres Harvested


Only 7,000 acres of soybeans were harvested for beans in 1950 (Table

6). From 1950 to 1963, acres harvested increased on the average about

3,000 acres per year. Fifty thousand acres were harvested in 1963. Be-

tween 1964 and 1974 there was a sharp increase in acres harvested with

279,000 acres of soybeans being harvested for beans in 1974 (Fig. 6).


Yield per Acre


Soybeans production has been characterized by a wide fluctuation in

yield from year-to year (Fig. 6). Average yield was 16 bushels per acre

during the five year period 1950-54. Yield increased to 24 bushels per

acre for the 1955-59 period. Yield per acre was fairly stable between

1958 and 1974 with the exception of 1972 when yield fluctuated from 24 to

28 bushels per acre. Until 1974 improved technology had not resulted in

as large an increase in yield per acre of soybeans as it had for other

field crops grown in Florida.


Production


Since most of the increase in yield per acre for soybeans came between

1950 and 1958, the production of beans has trended upward somewhat similar

to acres harvested. Only 133,000 bushels of soybeans were harvested for











Table 6.--Soybeans: Acres harvested for beans, yield per acre, production, price per bushel,
value of production and indexes, Florida 1950-1974


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Acres Yield Average Value Acres Yield Value
harvested per price per of harvested per of
Period for beans acre Prod. bushel prod. for beans acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000
Year Acres Bushels Bushels Dollars Dollars

1950 7,000 19 133 2.15 286 7 68 5 4
1951 8,000 18 144 2.51 361 8 64 5 5
1952 12,000 20 240 2.79 670 12 71 9 10
1953 14,000 18 252 2.33 587 14 64 9 8
1954 29,000 12 348 2.63 915 29 43 12 13
1955 31,000 22 682 2.05 1,398 31 79 24 20
1956 26,000 22 572 2.17 1,241 26 79 20 18
1957 41,000 23 943 2.11 1,990 41 82 34 28
1958 44,000 26 1,144 2 03 2,322 44 93 41 33
1959 32,000 24 768 1.87 1,436 32 86 27 20
1960 33,000 26 858 2.04 1,750 33 93 31 25
1961 40,000 26 1,040 2.22 2,309 40 93 37 33
1962 42,000 25 1,050 2.34 2,457 42 89 38 35
1963 50,000 25 1,250 2.49 3,112 50 89 45 44
1964 68,000 25 1,700 2.54 4,318 68 89 61 61
1965 78,000 26 2,028 2.44 4,948 78 93 72 70
1966 80,000 27 2,160 2.85 6,156 80 96 77 88
1967 100,000 28 2,800 2.51 7,028 100 100 100 100
1968 143,000 24 3,432 2.44 8,374 143 86 123 119
1969 169,000 25 4,225 2.40 10,140 169 89 151 144
____ _ , ______________-- _______ '____ __ -'









Table 6.--Soybeans: Acres harvested for beans, yield per acre, production, price per bushel,
value of production and indexes, Florida 1950-1974--Continued


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Acres Yield Average Value Acres Yield Value
harvested per price per of harvested per of
Period for beans acre Prod. bushel prod. for beans acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000
Year Acres Bushels Bushels Dollars Dollars

1970 184,000 28 5,152 2.90 14,941 184 100 184 213
1971 207,000 28 5,796 2.90 16,808 207 100 207 239
1972 232,000 21 4,372 3.60 17,539 232 75 174 250
1973 254,000 24 6,096 5.65 34,442 254 86 218 490
1974 279,000 27 7,533 -7.75 58,381 279 96 269 831
Five year averages

1950-54 14,000 16 223 2.53 564 14 57 8 8
1955-59 34,800 24 820 2.04 1,677 35 86 29 24
1960-64 46,600 25 1,180 2.36 2,789 47 89 42 40
1965-69 114,400 26 2,929 2.50 7,329 114 93 105 104
1970-74 231,200 25 5,890 4.83 28,422 231 89 210 404






33












Acres Yield Prod.
harvested pe acre (1,000
(1,000) (b hels) bushels)
300 ,34 6,000


275- 32 5,500

250. Production / .* 30 _5,000
250


225 -28 -4,500
\ ir\ -
\ i' '
200 / I 26 ,4,000
S / # -] -i
175 '
175 / I -24 .3,500
1 I

150 -r/ Yield per acre I 22 -3,000


125 -I 20 -2,500


II
100 I 18 .2,000


75 I ."" 16 -1,500


50 -14 -1,000


25 -" + 12 500
Acres harvested for beans
0 0 0
1950 1955 1960 1965 1970



Figure 6.--Soybeans: Acres harvested, yield per acre
and production, Florida, 1950-19A








I.





34

beans in 1950. Bushels harvested increased to 7,533,000 in 1974.


Price per Bushel


The lowest price Florida farmers received for beans during the 1950-

74 period was $1.87 per bushel in 1959. The highest price was $7.75 per

bushel in 1974. Except for 1959, farmers received two dollars or more

per bushel for beans each year during the 1950 to 1974 period.


Value of Production


The value of beans harvested was $4,318,000 in 1964. Value then ex-

ceeded this amount each year up until 1974. Value of beans in 1974 was

$58,381,000 or an increase of 1252 percent compared to the value of beans

produced in 1964.


SUGARCANE


Acres Harvested


The Crop and Livestock Reporting Service first reported acres in

sugarcane in 1928. The crop has been of economic importance since that

time. However, the large increase in acres came after 1960 as a result of

the change in the sugar situation in Cuba (Table 7). The number of acres

harvested was 12,500 in 1930 (Fig. 7). By 1940 acres had more than doubled

going to 29,900. Acres harvested increased to 50,700 by 1960. After 1961

acres harvested increased rapidly. Acres harvested stood at 272,000 in 1974.


Yield per Acre


Except for soybeans, sugarcane differs from other field crops in that

the increase in yield per acre during the study period was only moderate










Table 7.--Sugarcane for sugar and seed: Acres harvested, yield per acre, production, price per
ton, value of production and indexes, Florida, 1930-1974


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acres per price per of Acres per of
Period harvested acre Prod. tona prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
Net 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Tons Tons Dollars Dollars

1930 12,500 28.8 360 2.75 990 6 84 5 1
1931 13,400 22.4 300 2.57 771 7 65 4 1
1932 12,900 33.4 432 2.43 1,050 7 97 6 2
1933 14,800 32.6 483 2.26 1,092 8 95 7 2
1934 15,600 27.8 433 2.32 1,005 8 81 6 1
1935 14,400 34.5 496 2.85 1,414 7 101 7 2
1936 17,200 34.0 585 3.30 1,930 9 99 9 3
1937 20,100 33.0 664 2.85 1,892 10 96 10 3
1938 24,900 36.4 907 3.01 2,730 13 106 13 4
1939 21,000 35.5 746 2.58 1,925 11 103 11 3
1940 29,900 32.1 959 3.37 3,232 15 94 14 5
1941 31,600 30.6 968 3.97 3,843 16 89 14 6
1942 21,700 30.6 663 4.74 3,143 11 89 10 5
1943 27,900 25.7 717 4.38 3,140 14 75 11 5
1944 28,300 28.8 815 4.73 3,855 14 84 12 6
1945 32,400 33.2 1,074 6.13 6,584 17 97 16 10
1946 32,900 32.6 1,073 6.95 7,457 17 95 16 11
1947 36,200 26.6 964 6.85 6,603 18 78 14 10
1948 36,600 28.7 1,050 5.16 5,418 19 84 16 8
1949 37,800 30.8 1,163 6.47 7,525 19 90 17 11
-I-.. ..-II -- ... .- I . .. ..--- . ... .








Table 7.--Sugarcane for sugar and seed: Acres harvested, yield per acre, production, price per
ton, value of production and indexes, Florida, 1930-1974--Continued


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acres per price per of Acres per of
Period harvested acre Prod. ton prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
Net 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Tons Tons Dollars Dollars

1950 38,500 31.3 1,203 7.41 8,914 20 91 18 13
1951 39,900 32.4 1,292 8.14 10,517 20 94 19 16
1952 43,700 34.9 1,526 8.15 12,437 22 102 23 18
1953 45,000 32.7 1,469 7.85 11,532 23 95 22 17
1954 39,300 32.6 1,281 8.03 10,286 20 95 19 15
1955 35,900 33.3 1,197 7.71 9,229 18 97 18 14
1956 31,200 39.8 1,241 8.70 10,767 16 116 18 16
1957 33,600 41.7 1,400 7.69 10,766 17 122 21 16
1958 35,800 37.9 1,356 8.14 11,038 18 110 20 16
1959 47,100 38.2 1,798 7.63 13,719 24 111 27 20
1960 50,700 31.8 1,611 8.33 13,420 26 93 24 20
1961 60,000 36.3 2,178 8.57 18,665 31 106 32 28
1962 116,800 35.4 4,138 8.98 37,159 60 103 61 55
1963 148,200 31.8 4,710 9.13 43,002 75 93 70 64
1964 222,900 29.3 6,530 7.24 47,277 114 85 97 70
1965 190,800 29.7 5,665 8.42 47,699 97 87 84 71
1966 197,200 31.8 6,264 8.90 57,750 100 93 93 86
1967 196,300 34.3 6,738 10.02 67,515 100 100 100 100
1968 187,100 29.6 5,537 9.76 54,041 95 86 82 80
1969 160,100 33.8 5,419 10.24 55,491 82 99 80 82










Table 7.--Sugarcane for sugar and seed: Acres harvested, yield per acre, production, price per
ton, value of production and indexes, Florida, 1930-1974--Continued


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acres per price per of Acres per of
Period harvested acre Prod. tona prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
Net 1,000 1,000
Year Acres Tons Tons Dollars Dollars

1970 178,400 33.1 5,906 11.94 70,518 91 97 88 104
1971 199,600 31.7 6,329 11.84 74,935 102 92 94 111
1972 249,600 38.1 9,509 12.90 122,666 127 111 141 182
1973 265,600 31.4 3,340 26.40 213,550 135 92 124 316
1974 272,000 30.0 8,160 58.70 461,734 138 87 121 684
Five year averages

1930-34 13,840 29.0 402 2.44 982 7 85 6 1
1935-39 19,250 34.8 680 2.91 1,978 10 101 10 3
1940-44 27,880 29.6 824 4.18 3,443 14 86 12 5
1945-49 35,180 30.3 1,065 6.31 6,717 18 88 16 10
1950-54 41,280 32.8 1,354 7.93 10,737 21 96 20 16
1955-59 36,720 38.2 1,398 7.94 11,104 19 111 21 16
1960-64 119,720 32.0 3,832 8.32 31,905 61 93 42 47
1965-69 186,300 31.8 5,925 9.54 56,499 95 93 88 84
1970-74 233,040 32.8 7,649 24.67 188,681 119 96 114 279

aExcludes Sugar Act payments.






38















Yield Prod.
Acres .per acre (1,000
harvested (tons) tons)


250,000 50- 10,000


225,000 : 45 9,000


200,000 40 8,000
Yield per acre +

175,000 I 35 7,000


150,000. 1 30 6,000


125,000 : 25 5,000


100,000 20 4,000


75,000 Production 15 3,000


50,000 Acres harvested 10 2,000


25,000 .- .' 5 1,000


0 I I I I I 0 0
1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970



Figure 7.--Sugarcane for sugar and seed: Acres harvested,
yield per acre and production, Florida, 1930-1974






39

(Fig. 7). There was considerable fluctuation in yield from year to year

but in most years yield was.between 29 and 35 tons per acre. The average

yield for the five year period 1930-34 was 29.0 tons per acre. This com-

pared to 32.8 tons per acre for the 1970-74 period.


Production


Since yield per acre showed only a moderate increase during the

study period, production of sugar followed pretty much the same trend as

acres harvested. Three hundred thousand'tons of sugar were produced in

1931. Production was less than a million tons up to 1945 when 1,074,000

tons were produced. Production reached the two million ton mark in 1961.

In response to the increase in acres harvested, production increased rap-

idly after 1961. Maximum production was in 1972 when 9,509,000 tons were

harvested.


Price per Ton


Between 1930 and 1939, price per ton exceeded $3.00 only in 1936 and

1938. Price did not exceed $10.00 per ton until 1967. Price averaged

$2.44 per ton during the five year period 1930-34 compared to $24.67 per

ton during the 1970-74 period.


Value of Production


Total value of sugarcane produced first exceeded $10,000,000 in 1951

and $15,000,000 in 1961. The value of sugar crop was estimated to be

$461,734,000 in 1974. Total production of sugar was high and price

per ton was the highest of any year during the study period.





40

TOBACCO, FLUE CURED, TYPE 14


Acres Harvested


Except for 1939, flue cured tobacco has been under Federal Crop

Control since 1933. Acres harvested has varied from 2,000 in 1932 to

29,500 acres in 1939 (Table 8). Except for 1939, peak acreage came in

1947 and 1952 (Fig. 8). Acres harvested declined from 1952 to 1972.

Acres of tobacco harvested were 22,700 in 1952 compared to only 10,100

acres in 1972.


Yield per Acre


Yield per acre showed only year to year variation from 1925 to

1932. In 1932, yield was only 600 pounds per acre. Yield trended up-

ward from 1932 to 1974. A record yield of 2,140 pounds per acre was

harvested in 1974.


Production


Production of tobacco depends on acres harvested and yield per acre.

Production trended upward from 1932 to 1955 but has declined slowly since

then. After 1955 acres harvested decreased faster than yield per acre

increased. Only 1,200,000 pounds of tobacco were produced in 1932 com-

pared to 29,751,000 pounds in 1955.


Price per Pound


Price of tobacco was only 6.6 cents per pound in 1931 but101.0 cents

per pound in 1974. The average price of tobacco per pound was lower in

the 1930-34 period than in the 1925-29 period. However, for each five

years after that time, price of tobacco averaged higher for the current









Table 8.--Tobacco, flue cured, type 14: Acres harvested, yield per acre, production, price per
pound, value of production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974


Indexes (1967 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acres per price per of Acres per of
Period harvested acre Prod. pound prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000
Year Acres Pounds Pounds Cents Dollars

1925 4,500 724 3,260 15.1 491 35 36 13 3
1926 3,100 800 2,480 22.7 563 24 40 10 3
1927 5,400 754 4,069 19.0 772 42 38 16 4
1928 7,100 625 4,435 12.3 544 55 31 17 3
1929 6,800 750 5,100 18.1 923 53 38 20 5
1930 7,300 790 5,767 10.4 600 57 40 23 3
1931 6,000 725 4,350 6.6 287 47 37 17 2
1932 2,000 600 1,200 11.0 132 16 30 5 1
1933 5,000 740 3,700 12.0 444 39 37 15 3
1934 4,700 725 3,408 20.0 682 37 37 13 4
1935 7,000 860 6,020 17.7 1,066 55 43 24 6
1936 8,000 900 7,200 22.0 1,584 63 45 28 9
1937 16,800 840 14,112 21.1 2,978 131 42 56 17
1938 16,300 975 15,892 20.3 3,226 127 49 63 18
1939 29,500 700 20,650 12.3 2,540 230 35 81 15
1940 12,700 925 11,748 17.5 2,056 99 47 46 12
1941 11,300 725 8,192 21.3 1,745 88 37 32 10
1942 13,000 860 11,180 32.3 3,611 102 43 44 21
1943 13,600 870 11,832 40.8 4,827 106 44 47 28
1944 19,000 900 17,100 36.2 6,190 148 45 67 35









Table 8.--Tobacco, flue cured, type 14: Acres harvested, yield per acre, production, price per
pound, value of production and indexes, Florida 1925-1974--Continued


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acres per price per of Acres per of
Period harvested acre Prod. pound prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000
Year Acres Pounds Pounds Cents Dollars

1945 19,400 885 17,169 38.8 6,662 152 45 68 38
1946 20,400 940 19,176 47.7 9,147 159 47 75 52
1947 22,800 1,020 23,256 39.0 9,070 178 51 92 52
1948 16,400 1,010 16,564 47.8 7,918 128 51 65 45
1949 18,900 1,070 20,233 37.8 7,644 148 54 80 44
1950 18,000 1,015 18,270 51.4 9,391 141 51 72 54
1951 22,500 1,200 27,000 50.8 13,716 176 60 106 78
1952 22,700 1,140 25,878 51.3 13,275 177 57 102 76
1953 21,200 1,070 22,684 51.5 11,682 166 54 89 67
1954 21,500 1,290 27,735 53.5 14,838 168 65 109 85
1955 21,100 1,410 29,751 45.9 13,656 165 71 117 78
1956 17,700 1,225 21,682 48.5 10,516 138 62 85 60
1957 11,400 1,350 15,390 56.7 8,726 89 68 61 50
1958 11,100 1,485 16,484 57.3 9,445 87 75 65 54
1959 13,900 1,395 19,390 59.8 11,595 109 70 76 66
1960 13,800 1,595 22,011 57.2 12,590 108 80 87 72
1961 14,000 1,850 25,900 60.6 15,695 109 93 102 90
1962 14,800 1,960 29,008 56,3 16,332 116 99 114 93
1963 14,000 1,845 25,830 57.0 14,723 109 93 102 84
1964 12,600 1,780 22,428 58.7 13,165 98 90 88 75









Table 8.--Tobacco, flue cured, type 14: Acres harvested, yield per acre, production, price per
pound, value of production and indexes, Florida 1925-1974--Continued


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acres per price per of Acres per of
Period harvested acre Prod. pound prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000
Year Acres Pounds Pounds Cents Dollars

1965 10,700 1,860 19,902 67.0 13,334 84 94 78 76
1966 12,700 1,680 21,336 70.7 15,085 99 85 84 86
1967 12,800 1,985 25,408 68.9 17,506 100 100 100 100
1968 11,400 1,790 20,406 69.0 14,080 89 96 80 80
1969 11,800 1,700 20,060 74.0 14,844 92 86 79 85
1970 12,200 2,015 24,583 75.5 18,560 95 102 97 106
1971 10,800 2,025 21,870 77.0 16,840 84 102 86 96
1972 10,100 1,960 19,796 85.3 16,886 79 99 78 96
1973 11,600 1,810 20,996 88.0 18,476 91 91 83 106
1974 11,700 2,140 25,038 101.0 25,288 91 108 98 144
Five year averages

1925-29 5,380 719 3,869 17.0 659 42 36 15 4
1930-34 5,000 737 3,685 11.4 429 39 37 15 2
1935-39 15,520 823 12,775 17.8 2,279 121 41 50 13
1940-44 12,840 920 11,810 31.2 3,686 100 46 46 21
1945-49 19,580 974 19,078 42.4 8,088 153 49 75 46
1950-54 21,180 1,148 24,313 51.7 12,580 165 58 96 72
1955-59 15,040 1,366 20,539 52.6 10,795 118 69 81 62
1960-64 13,840 1,809 25,035 57.9 14,501 108 91 99 83
1965-69 11,880 1,803 21,422 69.9 14,970 93 91 84 86
1970-74 11,280 1,991 22,457 85.5 19,210 88 100 88 110





44















Yield
per Prod.
Acres acre (1,000
harvested (pounds) pounds)

Acres harvested

28,000 Production / -2,100 -28,000


24,000 II --l2,00 -24,000


20,000 ---1,500 -20,000


16,000 r 1,200 -16,000


12,000 '- .. r 900 -12,000
ield Per Acre
8,000 600 8,000


4,000 300 4,000


0 1- -- i--I 0 0
1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970



Figure 8.--Tob:cco, flue-cured, type 14: Acres harvested, yield
per acre and production, Florida, 1925-1974






45

period than for the previous period.


Value of Production


Annual value of production of flue cured tobacco is larger than

that for any other field crop except sugarcane. Value of production

increased from an average of $429,000 per year in the 1930-34 period to

$19,210,000 in the 1970-74 period.


TOBACCO, SHADE GROWN, TYPE 62


From the standpoint of acres harvested, shade grown tobacco is a

minor field crop. However, since it has a high value per pound, it

stands high in field crops in value of production.


Acres Harvested


Acres of shade tobacco harvested decreased from 3,100 in 1929 to

a low of 1,100 acres in 1933 (Table 9). After 1933, acres harvested

trended upward with several valleys and peaks over the years (Fig. 9).

Maximum acres was 4,900 in 1960. Acres harvested then declined reaching

a low of 1,580 acres in 1974.


Yield per Acre


There was a large fluctuation in yield per acre from year to year.

Yield per acre trended down from 1927 to 1934. After 1934 yield per

acre trended up, reaching a peak in 1971. The lowest yield was 890 pounds

per acre in 1934 but then reached a high of 1,725 pounds in 1974.


Production


Total production of shade tobacco increased from 1925 to 1929 and








Table 9.--Tobacco, shade grown, type 62: Acres harvested, yield per acre, production, price per
pound, value of production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acres per price per of Acres per of
Period harvested acre Prod. pound prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000
Year Acres Pounds Pounds Dollars Dollars

1925 1,500 1,100 1,650 .65 1,072 38 69 27 7
1926 1,900 1,125 2,138 .65 1,390 49 71 35 9
19?-7 1,3n0 90 ?,80$ .65 1,824 59 77 45 12
39:2 3,30C 1 100 3,30r .55 1,815 77 69 53 12
1929 3,100 1,170 3,627 .55 1,995 79 74 59 13
1930 2,900 1,100 3,190 .60 1,914 74 69 52 13
1931 2,400 1,090 2,616 .30 785 62 69 42 5
1932 2,000 985 1,970 .35 690 51 62 32 5
1933 1,100 900 990 .32 317 28 57 16 2
1934 1,600 890 1,424 .60 854 41 56 23 6
1935 2,100 900 1,890 .65 1,228 54 57 31 8
1936 2,000 1,025 2,050 .69 1,414 51 65 33 9
1.937 2,100 900 1,890 .69 1,304 54 57 31 9
1938 2,400 1,130 2,712 .72 1,953 62 71 44 13
1939 2,500 860 2,150 .73 1,570 64 54 35 10
1940 3,200 1,025 3,280 .70 2,296 82 65 53 15
1941 3,300 930 3,067 .73 2,240 85 59 50 15
1942 2,800 1,060 2,968 1,04 3,087 72 67 48 20
1943 2,600 1,120 2,912 1.38 4,019 67 71 47 27
1944 2,600 1,125 2,925 1.44 4,212 67 71 47 28









Table 9.--Tobacco, shade grown, type 62: Acres harvested, yield per acre, production, price per
pound, value of production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acres per price per of Acres per of
Period harvested acre Prod. pound prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000
Year Acres Pounds Pounds Dollars Dollars

1945 2,40 i,i1/3 8,20 1.83 5,217 62 74 46 34
1946 3,000 990 2,970 2.20 6,534 77 62 48 43
1947 3,300 1,035 3,416 2.65 9,052 85 65 55 60
1948 3,600 1,170 4,212 2.45 10,319 92 74 68 68
1949 4,000 1,230 4,920 1.95 9,594 103 78 80 63
1950 4,200 1,190 4,998 2.00 9,996 108 75 81 66
1951 4,100 1,315 5,392 1.80 9,706 105 83 87 64
1952 4,000 1,145 4,580 1.80 8,244 103 72 74 54
1953 3,300 1,045 3,448 1.95 6,724 85 66 56 44
1954 3,800 1,370 5,206 1.95 10,152 97 86 84 67
1955 3,900 1,380 5,382 1.85 9,957 100 87 87 66
1956 4,300 1,280 5,540 1.80 9,907 110 81 90 65
1957 4,100 1,400 5,740 1.90 10,906' 105 88 93 72
1958 3,900 1,250 4,875 1.85 9,019 100 79 79 60
1959 4,600 1,330 6,118 1.95 11,930 118 84 99 79
1960 4,900 1,500 7,350 2.00 14,700 126 95 119 97
1961 4,500 1,540 6,930 1.90 13,167 115 97 112 87
1962 4,000 1,410 5,640 2.05 11,562 103 89 91 76
1963 3,900 1,320 5,148 2.05 10,553 100 83 83 70
1964 4,100 1,415 5,802 2.35 13,635 105 89 94 90








Table 9.--Tobacco, shade grown, type 62: Acres harvested, yield per acre, production, price per
pound, value of production and indexes, Florida, 1925-1974--Continued


Indexes (1967 ` 100)

Yield Average Value Yield Value
Acres per price per of Acres per of
Period harvested acre Prod. pound prod. harvested acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000
Year Acres Pounds Pounds Dollars Dollars

1965 4,800 1,315 6,312 2.25 14,202 123 83 102 94
1966 4,300 1,270 5,461 1.85 10,103 110 80 88 67
1967 3,900 1,585 6,182 2.45 15,146 100 100 100 100
1968 3,900 1,555 6,064 2.70 16,372 100 98 98 108
1969 3,900 1,550 5,968 2.80 16,710 100 98 97 110
1970 2,800 1,550 4,340 2.70 11,718 72 98 70 77
1971 2,400 1,600 3,760 2.60 9,776 62 101 61 65
1972 2,400 1,530 3,672 2.80 10,282 62 97 59 68
1973 2,100 1,430 3,003 3.50 10,511 54 90 49 69
1974 1,580 1,725 2,726 3.70 10,086 40 109 44 67
Five year averages
1925-29 2,360 1,146 2,704 .60 1,619 61 72 44 11
1930-34 2,000 1,019 2,038 .45 912 51 64 33 6
1935-39 2,220 963 2,138 .70 1,494 57 61 35 10
1940-44 2,900 1,045 3,031 1.05 3,171 74 66 49 21
1945-49 3,260 1,125 3,668 2.22 8,143 84 71 59 54
1950-54 3,880 1,218 4,725 1.90 8,964 99 77 76 59
1955-59 4,160 1,330 5,531 1.87 10,344 107 84 89 68
1960-64 4,280 1,442 6,174 2.02 12,723 110 91 100 84
1965-69 4,160 1,442 5,997 2.42 14,507 107 91 97 96
1970-74 2,256 1,551 3,500 2.99 10,475 58 98 57 69






49
















Yield Prod.
Acres per acre (1,000
harvested (pounds) pounds)



4,500 I- -1,500 9,000


4,000 Acres harvested + 1,400 _8,000


3,500 Yield per acre . 1,300 -7,000


3,000 / ... -1,200 6,000
IA A I .*'
2,500 / 4 A -1,100 .5,000


2,000- I A -1,000 -4,000
.. Production
1,500 .' / / ...... 900 -3,000

1,000 / ..; 800 -2,000


500 700 -1,000


0 0 0

1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970


Figure 9.--Tobacco, shade grown, type 62: Acres harvested,
yield per acre and production, Florida, 1925-1974






50

then declined until 1933. Production then trended upward to 1960 when

7,350,000 pounds were harvested. Average production per year by five

year periods increased from 2,038,000 pounds in the 1930-34 period to

6,174,000 pounds in the 1960-64 period. Production in 1974 was 2,726,000

pounds.


Price per Pound


The average price of shade tobacco was only 30 cents per pound in

1931 compared to $3.70 in 1974. With the exceptions of a. slight drop in

the 1955-59 period, average price per pound increased from 1930-34 to

1970-74. During the period 1960 to 1974, price was less than $2.00 per

pound only in 1961 and 1966..


Value of'Production


The value of shade tobacco was only $912,000 per year during the

1930-34 period but $14,507,000 in the 1965-69 period. In the 1965-69

period, 2,160 more acres were harvested per year than in the 3930-34

period.


WHEAT


Wheat is grown mainly in the far Western counties in the state.

Like oats, wheat is also a miror enterprise. It was first reported as

a separate crop by the Crop and Livestock Reporting Service in 1958.

Normally only two-thirds to three fourths of the planted acreage is har-

vested for grain (Table 10).


Acres Harvested for Grain


Acres of wheat harvested for grain showed an increase from 1958 to

1971 (Fi 10). in 1958 25,000 acres were har-ested and 60,000 acres in









Table 10.--Wheat: Acres planted, acres harvested for grain, yield per acre, production, value of
production and indexes, Florida, 1958-1974


Acres Indexes (1967 = 100)

Yield Average Value Acres Yield Value
Harvested per price per of per of
Period Planted for grain acre Prod. bushel prod. Planted Harvested acre Prod. prod.
1,000 1,000
Year Acres Acres Bushels Bushels Dollars Dollars
1958 46,000 25,000 23.5 588 a a 92 63 98 61 a
1959 45,000 25,000 24.0 600 a a 90 63 100 63 a
1960 42,000 26,000 25.0 650 a a 84 65 104 68 a
1961 47,000 29,000 24.0 696 a a 94 73 100 73 a
1962 49,000 31,000 26.0 806 1.90 1,531 98 78 108 84 104
1963 55,000 40,000 25.0 1,000 2.00 2,000 110 100 104 104 135
1964 50,000 36,000 24.0 864 1.36 1,175 100 90 100 90 79
1965 35,000 23,000 25.0 575 1.32 759 70 58 104 60 51
1966 33,000 23,000 28.0 644 1.56 1,005 66 58 117 67 68
1967 50,000 40,000 24.0 960 1.54 1,478 100 100 100 100 100
1968 49,000 43,000 26.0 1,118 1.27 1,420 98 108 108 116 96
1969 40,000 35,000 30.0 1,050 1.22 1,281 80 88 125 109 87
1970 45,000 38,000 31.0 1,178 1.25 1,473 90 95 129 123 100
1971 77,000 60,000 30.0 1,800 1.45 2,610 154 150 125 188 177
1972 70,000 42,000 15.0 630 1.30 819 140 105 63 66 55
1973 55,000 30,000 22.0 660 2.60 1,716 110 75 92 69 116
1974 30,000 20.0 600 3.80 2,280 75 83 62 154

Five year averages

1958-59b 45,500 25,000 23.8 594 a a 91 63 99 62 a
1960-64 48,600 32,400 24.5 803 1.76' 1,569c 97 81 102 84 106C
1965-69 41,400 d 32,800 26.5 869 1.37 1,189 83 82 110 91 80
1970-74 61,750 40,000 24.3 974 1.83 1,780 124 100 101 101 126

aEstimates of price and value not made.
bTwo year average.
dThree year average.
Four year average







52











Acres harvested
(1,000) Prod
Prod.
Yield per acre (1,000
(bushels) bushels)

130 1,200


120


110 : -1,100
Production -
100


90 1,000


80


70 : 900


60
SAcres
harvested *

50 _* ; / I 800


40


30 -- 700


20 *' <
20 Yield per acre %*. *


10 ..' 600


0 __ ---------- ___ ---------- ____ ---------- ___----------I__

1955 1960 1965 1970



Figure 10.--Wheat: Acres harvested for grain, yield per acre
and total production' Florida, 1958-1974








1971. Only 30,000 acres of wheat were harvested for grain in 1974.


Yield per Acre


Yield per acre was 23.5 bushels in 1958 and 31 bushels in 1970.

However, in 1972 yield dropped to only 15 bushels per acre.


Production


Production averaged 594,000 bushels per year during the two year

period 1958-59 and 974,000 bushels per year'in the five year period

1970-74. Production was more than 1,000,000 bushels per year in only

five years during the study period.


Price per Bushel


Data on price per bushels were first reported in 1962. Price was

more than $1.00 per bushel for each year reported but with the exception

of 1973 and 1974 declined over the study period. Price averaged $1.76

per bushel during the three year period 1962-64 and $1.83 during the

five year period 1970-74.


Valve of Production


Value of production, like price per bushel, was first reported in

1962. In only two years between 1962 and 1974 was value less than a mil-

lion dollars per year. Peak year for value was 1971 when the crop was

valued at $2,610,000.


SUMMARY


Total agricultural production is increasing in Florida. However,

some enterprises are declining in importance while others are experiencing






-54

more than average growth. The purpose of this report is to present his-

torical data for field crops to show trends in acres, production per acre,

total production, price per unit and value of production The data cover

the period 1925 to 1974 except where a crop became of economic importance

during the period. Data are presented for corn for grain, cotton, hay,

oats, peanuts picked and threshed, soybeans, sugarcane, tobacco--flue

cured and shade and wheat.

More land is planted in corn than any other field crop grown in

Florida. Acres harvested for grain in 1972 were only half as large as

acres harvested in 1925. However, due to the increase in yield per acre,

production in 1972 was 91 percent greater than production in 1925. Acres

in peanuts picked and threshed were 53 percent greater in 1974 than in

1925. However, as a result of the increase in yield per acre, production

in 1974 was 605 percent higher than production in 1925.

Soybeans did not become of economic importance until 1950. A rapid

increase in acreage planted occurred after 1962. In 1974, 279,000 acres

were planted to soybeans. The value of soybeans produced was $58,381,000.

Sugarcane is another crop that has shown a rapid increase in acreage in

the last 10 years. In 1974, the area planted to sugarcane was 272,000 acres.

The value of production was $4L ,734,00. The average acres in flue cured
\
tobacco in the 1925-29 period was 5,380, but by 1970-74 the average had

risen to 11,280. Due to an increase in yield per acre and price per pound,

the value of tobacco produced increased from $659,000 in the 1925-29 period

to $19,210,000 in the 1970-74 period. Acres planted to shade grown tobacco

was 104 acres lower in the J970-74 period compared with 1925-29. How-

ever, as a result of a 29 percent increase in yield and a 398 percent in-

crease in price, value of production was $10,475,000 in the 1970-74 period

compared with only $1,619,000 in 1925-29.

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