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 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Acknowledgement
 Table of Contents
 Principal vegetable producing areas...
 Main
 Introduction
 Tables
 Tables

















Production costs for selected vegetables
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026160/00001
 Material Information
Title: Production costs for selected vegetables
Series Title: Economic information report
Alternate Title: Production cost for selected vegetables in Florida
Alternate title: Production costs for selected Florida vegetables
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food & Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: 1989
Publication Date: 1990-
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Vegetable trade -- Costs -- Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1989-90--
General Note: Title from cover.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001596386
oclc - 22248130
notis - AHM0487
lccn - sn 91022497
System ID: UF00026160:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: Production costs for selected Florida vegetables

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Abstract
        Page i
        Page ii
    Acknowledgement
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Principal vegetable producing areas in Florida
        Page ix
        Page x
    Main
        Page xi
        Page xii
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Tables
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
    Tables
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
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Full Text

$13


Timothy G. Taylor Economic Information
Scott A. Smith Report 273





Production Costs for Selected Vegetables,
1989-90














"1 90,


Food & Resource Economics Department
Agricultural Experiment Stations
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville 32611


100
F637fe
1989/90


June 1990








ABSTRACT


Costs of production are reported for thirteen vegetable crops produced in one or more of
ten production areas in Florida for the 1989-90 season. In all, twenty-seven crop-area combinations
are presented along with net return range analyses. Labor and machinery cost breakdowns by
operation are detailed in appendix A.



Keywords: budgets, cost of production, vegetables.







ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS



This report is the outcome of work contributed by numerous individuals. In particular the
assistance of Carl Butts, Stephen Crnko, Harold Dee, Jim Dilbeck, Steve Dobbs, Anthony Drew,
Phyllis Gilreath, Larry Halsey, Tim Hewitt, Chip Hinton, Chris Meline, Tom Schueneman, Ken
Shuler, George Talbott, Austin Tilton, and David Zimet is greatfully acknowledged. In addition, the
authors would like to express their appreciation to the various state agencies, Florida growers and
agricultural associations who contributed their technical knowledge of vegetable crop production.
Thanks also to Janice Baisden and Elizabeth Talmage for their assistance in the processing of this
document.










































































II








ABSTRACT


Costs of production are reported for thirteen vegetable crops produced in one or more of
ten production areas in Florida for the 1989-90 season. In all, twenty-seven crop-area combinations
are presented along with net return range analyses. Labor and machinery cost breakdowns by
operation are detailed in appendix A.



Keywords: budgets, cost of production, vegetables.







ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS



This report is the outcome of work contributed by numerous individuals. In particular the
assistance of Carl Butts, Stephen Crnko, Harold Dee, Jim Dilbeck, Steve Dobbs, Anthony Drew,
Phyllis Gilreath, Larry Halsey, Tim Hewitt, Chip Hinton, Chris Meline, Tom Schueneman, Ken
Shuler, George Talbott, Austin Tilton, and David Zimet is greatfully acknowledged. In addition, the
authors would like to express their appreciation to the various state agencies, Florida growers and
agricultural associations who contributed their technical knowledge of vegetable crop production.
Thanks also to Janice Baisden and Elizabeth Talmage for their assistance in the processing of this
document.









TABLE OF CONTENTS


Abstract ............................................................ i
Acknowledgem ents .................................................... i
Table of Contents ..................................................... iii
List of Tables ........................................................ iii
Principal Vegetable Producing Areas in Florida and Major Vegetables Produced ......... ix
D definitions .......................................................... xi
Introduction ......................................................... 1
Appendix A: Cultural Labor Costs by Activity and Machinery Costs by Operation. ..... 31



List of Tables

Table kue

1. Bush Beans: Estimated production costs in the Dade County Area, 1989-90. ........ 3

2. Bush Beans: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Dade County Area, 1989-90. ...................................... 3

3. Cabbage: Estimated production costs in the Hastings Area, 1989-90. .............. 4

4. Cabbage: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Hastings Area, 1989-90. ......................................... 4

5. Celery: Estimated production costs in the Central Florida Area, 1989-90. ......... 5

6. Celery: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Central Florida Area, 1989-90. .................................... 5

7. Celery: Estimated production costs in the Everglades Area, 1989-90. ............. 6

8. Celery: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Everglades Area, 1989-90. ........................................ 6

9. Sweet Corn: Estimated production costs in the Central Florida Area, 1989-90. ...... 7

10. Sweet Corn: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Central Florida Area, 1989-90. .................................... 7

11. Sweet Corn: Estimated production costs in the Dade County Area, 1989-90. ........ 8

12. Sweet Corn: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Dade County Area, 1989-90. ...................................... 8
13. Sweet Corn: Estimated production costs in the Everglades Area, 1989-90. .......... 9

14. Sweet Corn: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Everglades Area, 1989-90. ....................................... 9










Table Page

15. Sweet Corn: Estimated production costs in the Palm Beach County Area, 1989-90. .. 10

16. Sweet Corn: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Palm Beach County Area, 1989-90. ................................ 10

17. Cucumbers: Estimated production costs in the Southwest Florida Area, 1989-90 .... 11

18. Cucumbers: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90. ................................... 11

19. Eggplant: Estimated production costs in the Palm Beach County area, 1989-90. .... 12

20. Eggplant Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in
the Palm Beach County area, 1989-90. .................................. 12

21. Green Peppers: Estimated production costs in the Palm Beach County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 13

22. Green Peppers: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Palm Beach County area, 1989-90. ................................ 13

23. Green Peppers: Estimated production costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 14

24. Green Peppers: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90. ................................. 14

25. Lettuce: Estimated production costs in the Everglades Area, 1989-90. ........... 15

26. Lettuce: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Everglades Area, 1989-90. ...................................... 15

27. Chip Potatoes: Estimated production costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90. ......... 16

28. Chip Potatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Hastings area, 1989-90. ....................................... 16

29. Table Potatoes: Estimated production costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90. ..... 17

30. Table Potatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Dade County area, 1989-90. .................................... 17

31. Table Potatoes: Estimated production costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90. ......... 18

32. Table Potatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Hastings area, 1989-90. ........................................ 18

33. Summer Squash: Estimated production costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90. .... 19

34. Summer Squash: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Dade County area, 1989-90. .................................... 19

35. Strawberries: Estimated production costs in the Plant City area, 1989-90. ......... 20









Table Ear

36. Strawberries: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Plant City area, 1989-90. ....................................... 20

37. Tomatoes: Estimated production costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90. ......... 21

38. Tomatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Dade County area, 1989-90. ...................................... 21

39. Fall Tomatoes: Estimated production costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 22

40. Fall Tomatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Manatee/Ruskin area, 1989-90. .................................. 22

41. Spring Tomatoes: Estimated production costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 23

42. Spring Tomatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Manatee/Ruskin area, 1989-90. .................................. 23

43. Tomatoes: Estimated Production costs in the North Florida area, 1989-90. ........ 24

44. Tomatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
North Florida area, 1989-90. ......................................... 24

45. Tomatoes: Estimated production costs in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90. ..... 25

46. Tomatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
Southwest Florida area, 1989-90. ...................................... 25

47. Watermelons: Estimated production costs in the Alachua/Levy County Area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 26

48. Watermelons: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Alachua/Levy County area, 1989-90. .............................. 26

49. Watermelons: Estimated production costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area, 1989-90. .... 27

50. Watermelons: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations
in the Manatee/Ruskin area, 1989-90. .................................. 27

51. Watermelons: Estimated Production costs in the North Florida area, 1989-90. ...... 28

52. Watermelons: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in
the North Florida area, 1989-90. ...................................... 28

53. Watermelons: Estimated production costs in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90. ... 29

54. Watermelons: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in
the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90. ................................... 29











Table EPae
AnDendix Tables


A-1. Bush Beans: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Dade County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 33

A-2. Bush Beans: Summary of machine use and costs in the Dade County area,
1989-90 ....................................................... 33

A-3. Cabbage: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90. ....... 34

A-4. Cabbage: Summary of machine use and costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90. ....... 34

A-5. Celery: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Central Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 35

A-6. Celery: Summary of machine use and costs in the Central Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 35

A-7. Celery: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90. ....... 36

A-8. Celery: Summary of machine use and costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90. ....... 36

A-9. Sweet Corn: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Central Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 37

A-10. Sweet Corn: Summary of machine use and costs in the Central Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 37

A-l 1. Sweet Corn: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90. 38

A-12. Sweet Corn: Summary of machine use and costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90. 38

A-13. Sweet Corn: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90. ... 39

A-14. Sweet Corn: Summary of machine use and costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90. ... 39

A-15. Sweet Corn: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Palm Beach County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 40

A-16. Sweet Corn: Summary of machine use and costs in the Palm Beach County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 40

A-17. Cucumbers: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 41

A-18. Cucumbers: Summary of machine use and costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 41

A-19. Eggplant: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Palm Beach County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 42

A-20. Eggplant: Summary of machine use and costs in the Palm Beach County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 42









Table Ea
A-21. Green Peppers: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Palm Beach County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 43

A-22. Green Peppers: Summary of machine use and costs in the Palm Beach County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 43

A-23. Green Peppers: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 44

A-24. Green Peppers: Summary of machine use and costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 44

A-25. Lettuce: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90. ...... 45

A-26. Lettuce: Summary of machine use and costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90. ...... 45

A-27. Chip Potatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90. ... 46

A-28. Chip Potatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90. ... 46

A-29. Table Potatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Dade County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 47

A-30. Table Potatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Dade County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 47

A-31. Table Potatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90. ... 48

A-32. Table Potatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90. ... 48

A-33. Summer Squash: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Dade County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 49

A-34. Summer Squash: Summary of machine use and costs in the Dade County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 49

A-35. Strawberries: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Plant City area, 1989-90. ... 50

A-36. Strawberries: Summary of machine use and costs in the Plant City area, 1989-90. ... 50

A-37. Tomatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90. ... 51

A-38. Tomatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90. ... 51

A-39. Fall Tomatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 52

A-40. Fall Tomatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 52

A-41. Spring Tomatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 53










Table Pae

A-42. Spring Tomatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 53

A-43. Tomatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the North Florida area, 1989-90. ... 54

A-44. Tomatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the North Florida area, 1989-90. 54

A-45. Tomatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 55

A-46. Tomatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 55

A-47. Watermelons: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Alachua/Levy County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 56

A-48. Watermelons: Summary of machine use and costs in the Alachua/Levy County area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 56

A-49. Watermelons: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90. ......................................................... 57

A-50. Watermelons: Summary of machine use and costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90................................. ........................ 57

A-51. Watermelons: Summary of preharvest labor cost in the North Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 58

A-52. Watermelons: Summary of machine use and costs in the North Florida area,
1989-90 ........................................................ 58

A-53. Watermelons: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 59

A-54. Watermelons: Summary of machine use and costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90. ........................................................ 59






PRINCIPAL VEGETABLE PRODUCING AREAS IN FLORIDA
AND MAJOR VEGETABLES PRODUCED











2
1. West--tomatoes, watermelons
2. North

A. Alachua/Levy County--watermelons

B. Hastings area--potatoes, cabbage

C. Jefferson County--watermelons


3. North Central A .B

E. Lake/Sumter County--watermelons "

F. Zellwood area--celery, sweet corn le t u '
4. West Central'

G. Plant City area--strawberries cumese

H. Manatee/Ruskin area--tomatoes, watermelons 6 8

5. East Central--tomatoes, watermelons -
6. Southwest--cucumbers, peppers, squash I
tomatoes, watermelons

7. Everglades--celery, sweet corn, lettuce,
radishes, escarole .

8. Southeast as
I. Palm Beach County--beans, cucumbers, sweet
corn, eggplant, squash
J. Dade County--beans, potatoes,
tomatoes, Cuban vegetables














































































































































































V











Bacte

Bees:

Conti

Crop

Custc

Fertil

Fung

Gene


Harv


Haul

Herb

Insec

Inter


Labo


Land


Mach


DEFINITIONS

ricide: includes only the cost of bactericides applied.

bee hive rental when used for pollination purposes.

ainers: includes cartons, crates or baskets in which the product is transported to market.

insurance: represents crop hail and/or multi-peril insurance.

im work: work performed on a contract or piece rate basis.

lizer: includes only the cost of fertilizer (and lime) applied.

icide: includes only the cost of fungicides applied.

ral labor: estimate of labor hours per acre necessary to perform various production tasks
during the growing period. Harvest labor is included in harvesting cost.

testing: represents the cost of harvesting the crop and preparing it for movement to the
packinghouse on a per packed unit basis.

ing: moving the produce from the field to the packinghouse or storage area.

icide: includes only the cost of herbicide applied.

ticide: includes only the cost of insecticides applied.

est cost: interest charged on production capital only. An interest rate of 11.5 percent
was used in estimating this cost.

r: includes field labor, tractor labor and supervisory labor used to produce the crop.
Harvest labor is included in harvesting cost.

rent: an estimate of the prevailing rate charged for land utilized in each production
area and for each specific crop.

winery cost: represents the cost of using farm machinery and implement exclusive of labor.
This cost is reported in two subcategories:

Fixed: includes depreciation, interest charged to capital expenditures, taxes, storage and
insurance.

Operating: includes expenditures on fuel, oil, repair and maintenance.

head: includes indirect production costs such as communication equipment, office
supplies, legal and audit fees, cost of regulatory compliance, administrative costs,
telephone and incidental expenses. Typically, 10 to 13 percent of preharvest cost
was used to estimate overhead costs.

ing: preparing the product for shipment either in the field or at the packinghouse.

ing material: hay used in packing watermelons.

ing basket: baskets used by harvest laborers to move commodities from the field to trucks,
hauling carts, or field packing units.


Over


Pack

Pack

Picki











Plastic mulch:


Pre-cooling:


Seed:

Selling:


Soil fumigants:

Supervision:


Transplants:


Transportation:

Wrapping paper:


Yield:


represents only the cost of materials. Labor and machinery cost are not included.


the packinghouse charge for using one of a variety of methods to remove field
heat from the crop.

represents only seed costs.

the packinghouse, market, sales organization or dealer's charge for performing
the service of selling the crop.

includes only the cost of fumigants applied.

cost of salaried farm management. This value is based on a percent of preharvest
cost and does not include returns to management.

includes seed and/or nursery charges. This value does not include transplanting
labor or machinery.

moving the crop to a local market for sale.

thin paper used to prevent damage to product caused by contact within
containers.

the number of marketable units produced per acre. It is not based on data
surveyed during a given season. Rather it is an estimate for the current year
based on historical data and other relevant information as available.







PRODUCTION COSTS FOR SELECTED FLORIDA VEGETABLES,


1989-90

Timothy G. Taylor and Scott A. Smith1

INTRODUCTION

This report presents estimated costs of production for thirteen vegetable crops produced in
one or more of ten producing areas in Florida for the 1989-90 season. In all, twenty-seven crop-
area combinations are included. The budgets were constructed using the VEG-BUD fresh vegetable
budget generator. Technical coefficients used in constructing the budgets were obtained by
consultation with individual growers, county agents, and IFAS researchers. The input prices used
in conjunction with the technical coefficients were obtained by telephone survey and on-site
interviews with farm suppliers and growers.
The budgets presented in this report are intended to reflect the cost of production incurred
when production practices that are considered typical for any given crop in a given area are followed.
What constitutes a typical production practice for each crop was defined by a consensus of opinion
between IFAS personnel and various producers in each production area. It should be emphasized that
cost estimates resulting from this process should not be considered as representing the average cost
of production in a statistical sense nor should they be considered as necessarily relating to
recommended production practices.
Two budgets reflecting double-crop production practices are included in this years Cost of
Production, Southwest cucumbers and Southwest watermelons. Double-crop production refers to the
practice of planting a subsequent crop directly into the plastic mulch covered beds used to produce
an initial crop. Most commonly, tomatoes or peppers are followed by cucumbers or watermelons. The
combination of crops produced is generally determined by grower preference. This system of farming
is practiced in an effort to recover costs incurred in the production of the initial crop. For this reason
actual production practices of the initial crop, either tomatoes or peppers, are affected very little
where production of the subsequent crop is affected significantly relative to growing the crop
independently.
It should also be noted that growers in many areas of the Florida are actively involved in this
system of farming. In coming years we hope to increase the number of budgets in all areas which
reflect double-crop production practices.
For each crop contained in this report there are four tables that present various types of
information. Two tables for each crop are included in the text. The first reports estimated cost of
production per acre and per unit and the second reports estimated net returns for various price and


1 Associate Professor and Economic Analyst respectively, Food and Resource
Economics Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University
of Florida, Gainesville.








yield combinations. The appendix contains two additional tables for each crop that summarize
preharvest labor costs by production activity and a breakdown of fixed and variable machinery and
implement costs.
The net return range analyses provide information on how sensitive the estimated net return
for any crop is to variations in either yield per acre or price per unit. For each crop, net returns are
estimated for 25 price and yield combinations. The ranges for both price and yield are intended to
be broad enough to include the actual season average prices and yields obtained by growers in any
given area.
The appendix tables detail costs for both labor input and various types of machinery and
implements. For labor, the estimated hours per acre required to perform an operation or total man
hours per acre where specific operations cannot be itemized and the cost per acre are delineated.
Also included is the estimated cost per acre for salaried farm management. Machinery costs are
reported for tractors, implements and a miscellaneous category. For each machine or implement, the
total hours used per acre and estimated fixed and variable costs per acre are reported.
Fixed machinery costs include interest cost, taxes, insurance and depreciation. Variable
machinery costs include the cost of fuel and oil, and repair and maintenance. Both fixed and
variable machinery costs are calculated on the basis of hours of use per acre for each machine or
implement. It should be noted that tractor driver labor is not included in the variable cost of
machinery, but reported as "tractor labor" in the labor cost table.
Finally, in some cases, the total cost figures for various subcategories will not exactly equal
the sum of individual cost components due to rounding errors. In all cases, this difference is no more
than a few cents.






Table 1. Bush Beans: Estimated production costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90.

Average Per
Category Acre BAvr ushel

Yield (30 lb. bushels) 150

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 70.00
Fertilizer and lime 175.88
Fungicide 48.21
Herbicide 2.42
Insecticide 51.15
Labor 123.17
Machinery 136.18
Interest 18.63
Miscellaneous
Well maintenance 25.00
Total operating cost 650.64
FIXED COST
Land rent 150.00
Machinery 87.62
Overhead 95.66
Total fixed cost 333.28
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 983.92 6.56
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Mechanical harvest/cool/haul/pack 712.50 4.75
Load 75.00 0.50
Selling 75.00 0.50
Total harvest and marketing cost 862.50 5.75
TOTAL COST 1,846.42 12.31



Table 2. Bush Beans: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Dade
County area, 1989-90.
Dollars per bushel
Yield (bushels) 8.00 9.75 11.50 13.25 15.00
100 -759.00 -584.00 -409.00 -234.00 -59.00
125 -703.00 -484.00 -265.00 -46.00 172.00
150 -646.00 -384.00 -121.00 141.00 404.00
175 -590.00 -284.00 22.00 329.00 635.00
200 -534.00 -184.00 166.00 516.00 866.00








Table 3. Cabbage: Estimated production costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Crate

Yield (50 lb. crates) 425

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Transplants 180.00
Fertilizer and lime 143.70
Fungicide 20.20
Herbicide 25.00
Insecticide 35.00
Labor 109.98
Machinery 52.47
Interest 24.82
Miscellaneous
Aerial spraying 12.10
Set transplants 90.00
Cover crop seed 5.28
Total operating cost 698.55
FIXED COST
Land rent 100.00
Machinery 60.88
Overhead 100.15
Total fixed cost 261.03
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 959.58 2.26
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Cut and pack 276.25 0.65
Haul 127.50 0.30
Containers 531.25 1.25
Selling 170.00 0.40
Total harvest and marketing cost 1,105.00 2.60
TOTAL COST 2,064.59 4.86



Table 4. Cabbage: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Hastings
area, 1989-90.
Dollars per crate
Yield (crates) 4.00 4.50 5.00 5.50 6.00
375 -435.00 -247.00 -60.00 128.00 315.00
400 -400.00 -200.00 0.00 200.00 400.00
425 -365.00 -152.00 60.00 273.00 485.00
450 -330.00 -105.00 120.00 345.00 570.00
475 -295.00 -57.00 180.00 418.00 655.00






Table 5. Celery: Estimated production costs in the Central Florida area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Crate

Yield (60 lb. crate) 675

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Transplants 360.00
Fertilizer 115.20
Fungicide 157.48
Herbicide 21.96
Insecticide 185.40
Labor 209.68
Machinery 75.85
Interest 66.69
Miscellaneous
Custom work 115.50
Ditch maintenance 8.00
Scouting 22.00
Total operating cost 1,337.76
FIXED COST
Land rent 150.00
Machinery 77.63
Overhead 149.87
Total fixed cost 377.50
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 1,715.26 2.54
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Cut, pack and close 877.50 1.30
Haul 202.50 0.30
Containers 648.00 0.96
Miscellaneous expenses 236.25 0.35
Total harvest and marketing cost 1,964.25 2.91
TOTAL COST 3,679.51 5.45



Table 6. Celery: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Central
Florida area, 1989-90.a
Dollars per crate
Yield (crates) 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00
625 -409.00 216.00 841.00 1,466.00 2,091.00
650 -357.00 293.00 943.00 1,593.00 2,243.00
675 -304.00 371.00 1,046.00 1,721.00 2,396.00
700 -252.00 448.00 1,148.00 1,848.00 2,548.00
725 -200.00 525.00 1,250.00 1,975.00 2,700.00

a Net of pro-coolng charges.







Table 7. Celery: Estimated production costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90.

Average Der
Category Acre Crate

Yield (60 lb. crate) 675

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Transplants 231.00
Fertilizer 245.15
Fungicide 513.22
Herbicide 82.31
Insecticide 424.62
Labor 240.59
Machinery 89.85
Interest 101.56
Miscellaneous
Custom work 110.00
Scouting 22.00
Ditch maintenance 8.00

Total operating cost 2,068.30
FIXED COST
Land rent 200.00
Machinery 91.00
Overhead 225.77
Total fixed cost 516.77
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 2,585.07 3.83
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Cut, pack and close 877.50 1.30
Haul 202.50 0.30
Containers 648.00 0.96
Miscellaneous expenses 236.25 0.35
Total harvest and marketing cost 1,964.25 2.91
TOTAL COST 4,549.32 6.74



Table 8. Celery: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Everglades
area, 1989-90.a
Dollars per crate
Yield (crates) 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00
625 -1,279.00 -654.00 -29.00 596.00 1,221.00
650 -1,227.00 -577.00 73.00 723.00 1,373.00
675 -1,174.00 -499.00 176.00 851.00 1,526.00
700 -1,122.00 -422.00 278.00 978.00 1,678.00
725 -1,070.00 -345.00 380.00 1,105.00 1,830.00

a Net of pre-cooling charges.






Table 9. Sweet Corn: Estimated production costs in the Central Florida area, 1989-90.

Category Acre Aver Cerate

Yield (42 lb. crate) 345

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 46.00
Fertilizer 89.20
Fungicide 22.60
Herbicide 7.71
Insecticide 172.55
Labor 115.98
Machinery 48.48
Interest 33.35
Miscellaneous
Custom work 45.50
Scouting 12.50
Total operating cost 593.87
FIXED COST
Land rent 150.00
Machinery 41.14
Overhead 75.16
Total fixed cost 266.30
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 860.17 2.49
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Pick, pack and haul 310.50 0.90
Crates 372.60 1.08
Pre-cooling 345.00 0.70
Selling 69.00 0.20
Total harvest and marketing cost 993.60 2.88
TOTAL COST 1,853.77 5.37



Table 10. Sweet Corn: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Central
Florida area, 1989-90.
Dollars ner crate
Yield (crates) 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00
295 -530.00 -235.00 60.00 355.00 650.00
320 -502.00 -182.00 138.00 458.00 778.00
345 -474.00 -129.00 216.00 561.00 906.00
370 -446.00 -76.00 294.00 664.00 1,034.00
395 -418.00 -23.00 372.00 767.00 1,162.00







Table 11. Sweet Corn: Estimated production costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Crate

Yield (42 lb. crates) 300

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 35.00
Fertilizer 154.46
Fungicide 29.40
Herbicide 22.72
Insecticide 137.00
Labor 154.07
Machinery 132.00
Interest 26.76
Miscellaneous
Scouting 20.00
Custom work 8.00
Total operating cost 719.41
FIXED COST
Land rent 150.00
Machinery 92.78
Overhead 102.90
Total fixed cost 345.68
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 1,065.09 3.55
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Pick, pack and haul 345.00 1.15
Pre-cool 210.00 0.70
Containers 330.00 1.10
Selling 60.00 0.20

Total harvest and marketing cost 945.00 3.15
TOTAL COST 2,010.09 6.70



Table 12. Sweet Corn: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Dade
County area, 1989-90.
Dollars ner crate
Yield (crates) 5.50 7.00 8.50 10.00 11.50

250 -478.00 -103.00 272.00 647.00 1,022.00
275 -419.00 -6.00 406.00 819.00 1,231.00
300 -360.00 90.00 540.00 990.00 1,440.00
325 -301.00 186.00 674.00 1,161.00 1,649.00
350 -243.00 282.00 807.00 1,332.00 1,857.00






Table 13. Sweet Corn: Estimated production costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Crate

Yield (42 lb. crate) 325

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 56.00
Fertilizer 79.30
Fungicide 25.68
Herbicide 9.52
Insecticide 121.56
Labor 101.86
Machinery 66.37
Interest 36.33
Miscellaneous
Custom work 95.00
Scouting 10.00
Clean ditches 8.00
Total operating cost 609.62
FIXED COST
Land rent 200.00
Machinery 52.46
Overhead 82.57
Total fixed cost 335.03
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 944.65 2.91
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Pick, pack and haul 357.50 1.10
Crates 341.25 1.05
Pre-cool 227.50 0.70
Sell 65.00 0.20
Total harvest and marketing cost 991.25 3.05
TOTAL COST 1,935.90 5.96



Table 14. Sweet Corn: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
Everglades area, 1989-90.
Dollars per crate
Yield (crates) 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00
275 -683.00 -408.00 -133.00 142.00 417.00
300 -660.00 -360.00 -60.00 240.00 540.00
325 -636.00 -311.00 14.00 339.00 664.00
350 -612.00 -262.00 88.00 438.00 788.00
375 -588.00 -213.00 162.00 537.00 912.00







Table 15. Sweet Corn: Estimated production costs in the Palm Beach County area, 1989-90.
Average per
Category Acre Crate

Yield (42 lb. crate) 250

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 40.58
Fertilizer 198.90
Fungicide 9.24
Herbicide 25.03
Insecticide 199.34
Labor 239.73
Machinery 160.54
Interest 39.32
Miscellaneous
Ditch maintenance 17.50
Scouting 10.00
Custom work 42.20
Crop insurance 25.00
Total operating cost 1,007.38
FIXED COST
Land rent 280.00
Machinery 165.46
Overhead 141.35
Total fixed cost 586.81
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 1,594.19 6.37
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Pick, pack and haul 292.50 1.17
Pre-cool 175.00 0.70
Crates 275.00 1.10
Selling 50.00 0.20
Total harvest and marketing cost 792.50 3.17
TOTAL COST 2,386.69 9.55



Table 16. Sweet Corn: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Palm
Beach County area, 1989-90.
Dollars Der crate

Yield (crates) 5.25 6.75 8.25 9.75 11.25

175 -1,178.00 -878.00 -578.00 -278.00 22.00
200 -1,126.00 -789.00 -451.00 -114.00 224.00
225 -1,074.00 -699.00 -324.00 51.00 426.00
250 -1,022.00 -610.00 -197.00 215.00 628.00
275 -970.00 -520.00 -70.00 380.00 830.00






Table 17. Cucumbers: Estimated production costs in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Bushel

Yield (55 lb. bushels) 600

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 73.00
Fertilizer and lime 252.00
Fungicide 158.77
Herbicide 19.00
Insecticide 91.24
Surfactant 26.90
Labor 176.51
Machinery 92.78
Interest 47.55
Miscellaneous
Clean ditches 15.00
Plastic disposal 140.00
Bees 27.50
String and stake removal 110.00e
Total operating cost 1,230.25
FIXED COST
Land rent 333.00
Machinery 71.77
Overhead 158.75
Total fixed cost 563.52
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 1,793.78b 2.99b
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Pick and haul 960.00 1.60
Pack 990.00 1.65
Containers 456.00 0.76
Selling 150.00 0.25
Total harvest and marketing cost 2,556.00 4.26
TOTAL COST 4,349.78 7.25
a Cost attributed to second crop as a result of double-crop production practices following Tomatoes.
b Costs exclude field and bed preparation, plastic mulch and fumigant.

Table 18. Cucumbers: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
Southwest Florida area, 1989-90.
Dollars oer bushel

Yield (bushels) 6.00 7.75 9.50 11.25 13.00
400 -1,098.00 -398.00 302.00 1,002.00 1,702.00
500 -924.00 -49.00 826.00 1,701.00 2,576.00
600 -750.00 300.00 1,350.00 2,400.00 3,450.00
700 -576.00 649.00 1,874.00 3,099.00 4,324.00
800 -402.00 998.00 2,398.00 3,798.00 5,198.00







Table 19. Eggplant: Estimated production costs in the Palm Beach County area, 1989-90.
Average Der
Category Acre Bushel

Yield (33 lb. bushels) 1,700

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Transplants 200.00
Fertihzer and lime 686.64
Fumigant 186.00
Fungicide 101.43
Herbicide 37.50
Insecticide 431.66
Miticide 135.84
Surfactant 15.42
Labor 614.91
Machinery 205.06
Interest 238.77
Miscellaneous
Replacement stakes 112.50
Place and drive stakes 110.00
String 48.00
Tie plants 52.00
Plastic mulch 378.33
Ditch maintenance 100.00
Scouting 22.00
Laser level 100.00
Remove string and stakes 90.00
Plastic disposal 80.50
Total operating cost 3,946.56
FIXED COST
Land rent 600.00
Machinery 204.57
Overhead 496.36
Total fixed cost 1,300.93
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 5,247.49 3.09
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Pick, pack and haul 1,989.00 1.17
Containers 1,275.00 0.75
Selling 850.00 0.50
Total harvest and marketing cost 4,114.00 2.42
TOTAL COST 9,361.49 5.51

Table 20. Eggplant: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Palm
Beach County area, 1989-90.
Dollars oer bushel
Yield (bushels) 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00

1,500 -2,877.00 -1,377.00 123.00 1,623.00 3,123.00
1,600 -2,719.00 -1,119.00 481.00 2,081.00 3,681.00
1,700 -2,561.00 -861.00 839.00 2,539.00 4.239.00
1,800 -2,403.00 -603.00 1,197.00 2,997.00 4,797.00
1,900 -2,245.00 -345.00 1,555.00 3,455.00 5,355.00






Table 21. Green Peppers: Estimated production costs in the Palm Beach County area, 1989-90.


Category Acre Ave b Dushel

Yield (25 lb. bushels) 1,000

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 120.00
Fertilizer and lime 437.40
Fumigant 190.00
Fungicide 149.77
Herbicide 67.30
Insecticide 440.53
Labor 655.06
Machinery 271.20
Interest 183.41
Miscellaneous
Ditch maintenance 125.00
Level land 100.00
Plastic mulch 378.33
Place and drive stakes 61.20
Plastic string 37.50
Replacement stakes 72.00
Tie plants 25.92
Hand weed 25.00
Remove string and stakes 36.00
Plastic disposal 80.50
Scouting 30.00
Total operating cost 3,486.12
FIXED COST
Land rent 600.00
Machinery 276.43
Overhead 417.91
Total fixed cost 1,294.34
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 4,780.46 4.78
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest, pack and haul 1,600.00 1.60a
Containers 880.00 0.88
Selling 500.00 0.50
Total harvest and marketing cost 2,980.00 2.98
TOTAL COST 7,760.46 7.76
a Cost reflects in-field packing.

Table 22. Green Peppers: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Palm
Beach County area, 1989-90.
Dollars per bushel
Yield (bushels) 6.00 6.75 7.50 8.25 9.00
600 -3,268.00 -2,368.00 -1,468.00 -568.00 332.00
800 -2,764.00 -1,564.00 -364.00 836.00 2,036.00
1,000 -2,260.00 -760.00 740.00 2,240.00 3,740.00
1,200 -1,756.00 44.00 1,844.00 3,644.00 5,444.00
1,400 -1,252.00 848.00 2,948.00 5,048.00 7,148.00







Table 23. Green Peppers: Estimated production costs in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90.

Average Per
Category Acre bushel

Yield (25 lb. bushels) 1,000


OPERATING COSTS
Transplants
Fertilizer and lime
Fumigant
Fungicide
Her icide
Insecticide
Surfactant
Labor
Machinery
Interest
Miscellaneous
Level land
Plastic mulch
Remove and dispose of plastic
Scouting
Total operating cost
FIXED COST
Land rent
Machinery
Overhead
Total fixed cost
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest, pack and haul
Containers
Selling
Total harvest and marketing cost
TOTAL COST


---- Dollars --- -

700.00
360.01
200.00
148.65
23.75
389.75
13.30
502.11
466.61
175.28
130.00
277.50
140.00
28.50
3,555.55


333.00
386.16
409.94
1,129.10
4,684.65


2,490.00
760.00
430.00
3,680.00
8,364.65


4.68


2.49
0.76
0.43
3.68
8.36


Table 24. Green Peppers: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
Southwest Florida area, 1989-90.
Dollars oer bushel
Yield (bushels) 6.00 7.50 9.00 10.50 12.00
600 -3,593.00 -2,693.00 -1,793.00 -893.00 7.00
800 -3,229.00 -2,029.00 -829.00 371.00 1,571.00
1,000 -2,865.00 -1,365.00 135.00 1,635.00 3,135.00
1,200 -2,501.00 -701.00 1,099.00 2,899.00 4699.00
1,400 -2,137.00 -37.00 2,063.00 4,163.00 6,263.00






Table 25. Lettuce: Estimated production costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Crate

Yield (50 Ib. crate) 600

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 45.02
Fertilizer 191.50
Fungicide 180.96
Herbicide 44.76
Insecticide 115.18
Labor 126.16
Machinery 113.12
Interest 64.30
Miscellaneous
Custom work 351.50

Total operating cost 1,232.50
FIXED COST
Land rent 200.00
Machinery 96.74
Overhead 146.49
Total fixed cost 443.23
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 1,675.73 2.79
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest, pack and haul 672.00 1.12
Containers 600.00 1.00
Cooling and handling 420.00 0.70
Selling 150.00 0.25
Total harvest and marketing cost 1,842.00 3.07
TOTAL COST 3,517.73 5.86



Table 26. Lettuce: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Everglades
area, 1989-90.
Dollars per crate
Yield (crates) 7.50 8.50 9.50 10.50 11.50
550 761.00 1,311.00 1,861.00 2,411.00 2,961.00
575 872.00 1,447.00 2,022.00 2,597.00 3,172.00
600 982.00 1,582.00 2,182.00 2,782.00 3,382.00
625 1,093.00 1,718.00 2,343.00 2,968.00 3,593.00
650 1,204.00 1,854.00 2,504.00 3,154.00 3,804.00







Table 27. Chip Potatoes: Estimated production costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Cwt.

Yield (cwts.) 225

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 303.42
Fertilizer and lime 154.48
Fumigant 51.78
Fungicide 54.79
Herbicide 15.50
Insecticide 15.43
Nematicide 54.00
Labor 113.07
Machinery 64.78
Interest 47.57
Miscellaneous
Aerial spraying 12.10
Cover crop seed 5.28
Crop insurance 23.36
Seed treatment 20.28
Total operating cost 935.84
FIXED COST
Land rent 100.00
Machinery 82.17
Overhead 128.45
Total fixed cost 310.62
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 1,246.46 5.54
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Dig and haul 182.25 0.81
Grading 90.00 0.40
Total harvest and marketing cost 272.25 1.21
TOTAL COST 1,518.71 6.75



Table 28. Chip Potatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
Hastings area, 1989-90.
Dollars per cwt
Yield (cwts.) 6.00 6.75 7.50 8.25 9.00

175 -408.00 -277.00 -146.00 -14.00 117.00
200 -288.00 -138.00 12.00 162.00 312.00
225 -169.00 0.00 169.00 338.00 506.00
250 -49.00 139.00 326.00 514.00 701.00
275 71.00 277.00 483.00 690.00 896.00






Table 29. Table Potatoes: Estimated production costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90.


Category Acre Ave e wts.

Yield (cwts.) 200

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 449.50
Fertilizer and lime 161.60
Fungicide 21.40
Herbicide 29.14
Insecticide 99.05
Labor 130.52
Machinery 97.78
Interest 56.43
Miscellaneous
Well maintenance 25.00
Cover crop seed 10.00
Contract seed hauling 24.15
Total operating cost 1,104.57
FIXED COST
Land rent 150.00
Machinery 113.68
Overhead 131.18
Total fixed cost 394.86
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 1,499.43 7.50
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Dig and haul 148.00 0.74
Grade 260.00 1.30
Selling 132.00 0.66
Sacks 204.00 1.02
Total harvest and marketing cost 744.00 3.72
TOTAL COST 2,243.43 11.22



Table 30. Table Potatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
Dade County area, 1989-90.
Dollars per sack
Yield (cwts) 8.00 10.50 13.00 15.50 18.00

150 -857.00 -482.00 -107.00 268.00 643.00
175 -750.00 -313.00 125.00 562.00 1,000.00
200 -643.00 -143.00 357.00 857.00 1,357.00
225 -536.00 26.00 589.00 1,151.00 1,714.00
250 -429.00 196.00 821.00 1,446.00 2,071.00







Table 31. Table Potatoes: Estimated production costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Cwt.

Yield (cwts.) 200

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 245.07
Fertilizer and lime 154.59
Fumigant 51.78
Fungicide 54.79
Herbicide 31.38
Insecticide 15.43
Nematicide 54.00
Labor 108.34
Machinery 60.22
Interest 44.79
Miscellaneous
Aerial spraying 12.10
Cover crop seed 5.28
Crop insurance 20.80
Seed treatment 16.38
Total operating cost 874.93
FIXED COST
Land rent 100.00
Machinery 79.87
Overhead 121.20
Total fixed cost 301.07
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 1,176.00 5.88
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Dig and haul 162.00 0.81
Grading 280.00 1.40
Sacks 152.00 0.76
Selling 100.00 0.50
Total harvest and marketing cost 694.00 3.47
TOTAL COST 1,870.00 9.35



Table 32. Table Potatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
Hastings area, 1989-90.
Dollars per cwt
Yield ( cwts ) 6.00 7.50 9.00 10.50 12.00

150 -796.0000 -571.00 -346.00 -121.00 102.00
175 -733.00 -471.00 -208.00 54.00 317.00
200 -670.00 -370.00 -70.00 230.00 530.00
225 -607.00 -269.00 68.00 406.00 743.00
250 -543.00 -168.00 207.00 582.00 957.00






Table 33. Summer Squash: Estimated production costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90.
AveraRe ter
Category Acre Bushel

Yield (42 Ib. bushels) 275

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 147.50
Fertilizer and lime 148.00
Fungicide 62.05
Insecticide 56.70
Labor 109.24
Machinery 136.18
Interest 26.23
Miscellaneous
Well maintenance 25.00
Total operating cost 710.90
FIXED COST
Land rent 150.00
Machinery 87.62
Overhead 92.23
Total fixed cost 329.85
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 1,040.75 3.78
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Pick and haul 500.50 1.82
Grade and load 275.00 1.00
Containers 343.75 1.25
Selling 137.50 0.50
Total harvest and marketing cost 1,256.75 4.57
TOTAL COST 2,297.50 8.35



Table 34. Summer Squash: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
Dade County area, 1989-90.
Dollars per bushel

Yield (bushels) 9.50 10.75 12.00 13.25 14.50
225 69.00 350.00 631.00 912.00 1,194.00
250 192.00 504.00 817.00 1,129.00 1,442.00
275 315.00 659.00 1,003.00 1,346.00 1,690.00
300 438.00 813.00 1,188.00 1,563.00 1,938.00
325 562.00 968.00 1,374.00 1,780.00 2,187.00







Table 35. Strawberries: Estimated production costs in the Plant City area, 1989-90.


Category Acre FAvera lat

Yield (12 lb. flats) 2,000

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Transplants 1,446.50
Fertihzer and lime 293.00
Fumigant 195.00
Fungicide 666.67
Herbicide 101.46
Insecticide 678.08
Labor 165.08
Machinery 176.93
Interest 446.03
Miscellaneous
Plastic mulch 278.46
Remove plastic mulch 55.78
Cut runners Hoe and Weed 157.75
Transplant labor 220.00
Cover crop seed 35.00
Irrigation tube 325.00
Total operating cost 5,240.74
FIXED COST
Land rent 665.00
Machinery 171.28
Overhead 844.65
Total fixed cost 1,680.93
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 6,921.67 3.46
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest labor 2,600.00 1.30
Pack, load and haul 640.00 0.32
Supervision 200.00 0.10
Boxes and cups 1,680.00 0.84
Sell 1,340.00 0.67
Total harvest and marketing cost 6,460.00 3.23
TOTAL COST 13,381.67 6.69


Table 36. Strawberries: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Plant
City area, 1989-90.'
Dollars per flat
Yield (flats) 6.00 7.75 9.50 11.25 13.00
1,400 -3,044.00 -594.00 1,856.00 4,306.00 6,756.00
1,600 -2,490.00 310.00 3,110.00 5,910.00 8,710.00
1.800 -1,936.00 1,214.00 4,364.00 7,514.00 10,664.00
2,000 -1,382.00 2,118.00 5,618.00 9,118.00 12,618.00
2,200 -828.00 3,022.00 6,872.00 10,722.00 14,572.00

a Net of pre-cooling charges.






Table 37. Tomatoes: Estimated production costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Carton

Yield (25 lb. cartons) 1,300

Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 200.55
Fertilizer 329.50
Bactericide 58.88
Fumigant 209.25
Fungicide 115.56
Herbicide 70.62
Insecticide 282.40
Surfactant 10.22
Labor 416.80
Machinery 283.39
Interest 130.99
Miscellaneous
Frost protection 100.00
Plastic mulch 279.00
Plastic string 26.00
Stake depreciation and maintenance 128.00
Plastic disposal 25.00
Tie plants 75.00
Well maintenance 25.00
Total operating cost 2,766.16
FIXED COST
Land rent 150.00
Machinery 221.69
Overhead 300.69
Total fixed cost 672.38
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 3,438.54 2.65
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest and haul 1,079.00 .83
Packing 2,275.00 1.75
Containers 871.00 0.67
Selling 195.00 0.15
Total harvest and marketing cost 4,420.00 3.40
TOTAL COST 7,858.54 6.05



Table 38. Tomatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Dade
County area, 1989-90.
Dollars per carton
Yield (cartons) 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00
1,100 -579.00 521.00 1,621.00 2,721.00 3,821.00
1,200 -319.00 881.00 2,081.00 3,281.00 4,481.00
1,300 -59.00 1,241.00 2,541.00 3,841.00 5,141.00
1,400 201.00 1,601.00 3,001.00 4,401.00 5,801.00
1,500 461.00 1,961.00 3,461.00 4,961.00 6,461.00







Table 39. Fall Tomatoes: Estimated production costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Carton

Yield (25 lb. cartons) 1,000

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Transplants 160.00
Fertihzer and lime 342.18
Fumigant 247.50
Fungicide 347.92
Herbicide 41.51
Insecticide 350.93
Labor 674.60
Machinery 368.89
Interest 143.92
Miscellaneous
Plastic mulch 187.00
Plastic string 79.20
Replacement stakes 39.75
Scouting 25.00
Total operating cost 3,033.65
FIXED COST
Land rent 160.00
Machinery 355.49
Overhead 340.52
Total fixed cost 856.01
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 3,889.66 3.89
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest and haul 720.00 0.72
Packing 1,600.00 1.60
Containers 670.00 0.67
Selling 150.00 0.15
Total harvest and marketing cost 3,140.00 3.14
TOTAL COST 7,029.66 7.03



Table 40. Fall Tomatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
Manatee/Ruskin area, 1989-90.
Dollars per carton
Yield (cartons) 7.00 7.50 8.00 8.50 9.00
850 -609.00 -184.00 241.00 666.00 1,091.00
925 -319.00 143.00 606.00 1,068.00 1,531.00
1,000 -30.00 470.00 970.00 1,470.00 1,970.00
1,075 260.00 797.00 1,335.00 1,872.00 2,410.00
1,150 549.00 1,124.00 1,699.00 2,274.00 2,849.00






Table 41. Spring Tomatoes: Estimated production costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area, 1989-90.

Average Per
Category Acre Carton

Yield (25 lb. cartons) 1,350


OPERATING COSTS
Transplants
Fertilizer and lime
Fumigant
Fungicide
Herbicide
Insecticide
Labor
Machinery
Interest
Miscellaneous
Paint
Plastic mulch
Plastic string
Replacement stakes
Scouting
Total operating cost
FIXED COST
Land rent
Machinery
Overhead
Total fixed cost
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest and haul
Packing
Containers
Selling
Total harvest and marketing cost
TOTAL COST


---- Dollars -

180.00
349.68
247.50
244.88
30.88
344.20
630.28
326.03
136.69
50.00
187.00
79.20
45.00
25.00
2,876.34


160.00
304.84
320.45
785.29
3,661.63


877.50
2,160.00
904.50
202.50
4,144.50
7,806.13


2.71


0.65
1.60
0.67
0.15
3.07
5.78


Table 42. Spring Tomatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield
Manatee/Ruskin area, 1989-90.


combinations in the


Dollars per carton
Yield (cartons) 4.75 5.25 5.75 6.25 6.75

1,200 -1,646.00 -1,046.00 -446.00 154.00 754.00
1,275 -1,520.00 -882.00 -245.00 393.00 1,030.00
1,350 -1,394.00 -719.00 -44.00 631.00 1,306.00
1,425 -1,268.00 -555.00 157.00 870.00 1,582.00
1,500 -1,142.00 -392.00 358.00 1,108.00 1,858.00







Table 43. Tomatoes: Estimated production costs in the North Florida area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Carton

Yield (25 lb. cartons) 1,600

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Transplants 215.00
Fertihzer and lime 261.00
Fumigant 204.45
Fungicide 293.81
Herbicide 32.52
Insecticide 183.00
Surfactant 10.78
Labor 543.25
Machinery 274.50
Interest 161.56
Miscellaneous
Plastic mulch 279.00
Plastic string 28.00
Replacement stakes 160.00
Trickle tube 253.37
Scouting 35.00
Tie plants 101.64
Prune plants 101.64
Set and drive stakes 34.84
Crop insurance 227.70
Total operating cost 3,401.07
FIXED COST
Land rent 195.00
Machinery 280.08
Overhead 371.46
Total fixed cost 846.54
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 4,247.61 2.65
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest and haul 1,360.00 0.85
Packing 2,720.00 1.70
Containers 1,072.00 0.67
Selling 240.00 0.15
Total harvest and marketing cost 5,392.00 3.37
TOTAL COST 9,639.61 6.02



Table 44. Tomatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the North
Florida area, 1989-90.
Dollars per carton
Yield (cartons) 5.00 5.50 6.00 6.50 7.00
1,400 -1,966.00 -1,266.00 -566.00 134.00 834.00
1,500 -1,803.00 -1,053.00 -303.00 447.00 1,197.00
1,600 -1,640.00 -840.00 -40.00 760.00 1,560.00
1,700 -1,477.00 -627.00 223.00 1,073.00 1 923.00
1,800 -1,314.00 -414.00 486.00 1,386.00 2,286.00






Table 45. Tomatoes: Estimated production costs in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Carton

Yield (25 lb. cartons) 1,400

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Transplants 306.25
Fertilizer and lime 290.50
Fumigant 198.00
Fungicide 206.64
Herbicide 18.40
Insecticide 260.86
Labor 444.80
Machinery 416.83
Interest 172.49
Miscellaneous
Level land 130.00
Plastic mulch 262.50
Cross ditch 24.00
Plastic string 107.00
Replacement stakes 112.50
Remove string and stakes 110.00
Remove and dispose of plastic 140.00
Tie plants 120.00
Prune plants 70.00
Set and drive stakes 72.60
Scouting 35.00
Total operating cost 3,498.37
FIXED COST
Land rent 333.00
Machinery 328.25
Overhead 398.71
Total fixed cost 1,059.96
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 4,558.33 3.26
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest and haul 1,162.00 0.83
Packing 2,310.00 1.65
Containers 938.00 0.67
Selling 210.00 0.15
Total harvest and marketing cost 4,620.00 3.30
TOTAL COST 9,178.33 6.56

Table 46. Tomatoes: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the Southwest
Florida area, 1989-90.
Dollars per carton
Yield (cartons) 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00
1,000 -1,853.00 -853.00 147.00 1,147.00 2,147.00
1,200 -1,312.00 -112.00 1,088.00 2,288.00 3,488.00
1,400 -771.00 629.00 2,029.00 3,429.00 4,829.00
1,600 -230.00 1,370.00 2,970.00 4,570.00 6,170.00
1,800 311.00 2,111.00 3,911.00 5,711.00 7,511.00








Table 47. Watermelons: Estimated production costs in the Alachua/Levy County area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Cwt.

Yield (cwts.) 300

---- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 11.00
Fertilizer and lime 117.50
Fungicide 83.96
Labor 68.79
Machinery 55.00
Interest 51.98
Miscellaneous
Aerial spraying 21.00
Bee rental 4.00
Total operating cost 413.23
FIXED COST
Land rent 50.00
Machinery 67.89
Overhead 47.91
Total fixed cost 165.80
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 579.03 1.93
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest and pack 375.00 1.25
Packing material 9.00 0.03
Selling 300.00 1.00
Research assessment 6.00 0.02
Total harvest and marketing cost 690.00 2.30
TOTAL COST 1,269.03 4.23



Table 48. Watermelons: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
Alachua/Levy County area, 1989-90.
Dollars per cwt.

Yield (cwts.) 4.00 4.75 5.50 6.25 7.00
250 -154.00 33.00 221.00 408.00 596.00
275 -112.00 95.00 301.00 507.00 713.00
300 -69.00 156.00 381.00 606.00 831.00
325 -27.00 217.00 461.00 705.00 948.00
350 16.00 278.00 541.00 803.00 1,066.00


"-


--~--






Table 49. Watermelons: Estimated production costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area, 1989-90.


Category Acre CAverae neCcwt

Yield (cwts.) 320

Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 24.44
Fertilizer and lime 356.40
Fungicide 56.55
Insecticide 61.40
Labor 219.14
Machinery 176.09
Interest 59.73
Miscellaneous
Scouting 25.00
Bee rental 3.60
Total operating cost 982.35
FIXED COST
Land rent 160.00
Machinery 142.94
Overhead 183.83
Total fixed cost 486.77
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 1,469.12 4.59
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest and pack 480.00 1.50
Packing material 9.60 0.03
Selling 320.00 1.00
Research Assessment 6.40 0.02
Total harvest and marketing cost 816.00 2.55
TOTAL COST 2,285.12 7.14



Table 50. Watermelons: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the
Manatee/Ruskin area, 1989-90.
Dollars per cwt.
Yield (cwts.) 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00

280 -783.00 -503.00 -223.00 57.00 337.00
300 -734.00 -434.00 -134.00 166.00 466.00
320 -685.00 -365.00 -45.00 275.00 595.00
340 -636.00 -296.00 44.00 384.00 724.00
360 -587.00 -227.00 133.00 493.00 853.00







Table 51. Watermelons: Estimated production costs in the North Florida area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Cwt.

Yield (cwts.) 325

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Seed 65.06
Fertilizer and lime 118.50
Fumigant 174.00
Fungicide 124.42
Nematicide 6.96
Labor 70.59
Machinery 86.16
Interest 83.64
Miscellaneous
Plastic mulch 78.40
Frost protection 62.50
Well 50.00
Total operating cost 920.23
FIXED COST
Land rent 50.00
Machinery 98.87
Overhead 98.55
Total fixed cost 247.42
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 1,167.65 3.59
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest and pack 406.25 1.25
Packing materials 9.75 0.03
Selling 325.00 1.00
Research assessment 6.50 0.02
Total harvest and marketing cost 747.50 2.30
TOTAL COST 1,915.15 5.89



Table 52. Watermelons: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in the North
Florida area, 1989-90.
Dollars per cwt.
Yield (cwts.) 4.00 4.75 5.50 6.25 7.00
275 -700.00 -494.00 -288.00 -81.00 125.00
300 -658.00 -433.00 -208.00 17.00 242.00
325 -615.00 -371.00 -128.00 116.00 360.00
350 -573.00 -310.00 -48.00 215.00 477.00
375 -530.00 -249.00 32.00 314.00 595.00






Table 53. Watermelons: Estimated production costs in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90.

Average per
Category Acre Avere wt.

Yield (cwts.) 340

- Dollars -
OPERATING COSTS
Transplants 111.00
Fertilizer and lime 120.00
Fungicide 171.85
Insecticide 104.59
Herbicide 19.00
Labor 382.47
Machinery 187.16
Interest 81.33
Miscellaneous
Ditch maintenance 15.00
Plastic removal and disposal 140.00
Remove string and stakes 110.00a
Bees 27.50
Total operating cost 1,469.90
FIXED COST
Land rent 333.00
Machinery 163.21
Overhead 188.19
Total fixed cost 684.69
TOTAL PREHARVEST COST 2,154.59b 6.34b
HARVEST AND MARKETING COSTS
Harvest and pack 581.40 1.71
Research assessment 6.80 0.02
Selling 340.00 1.00
Total harvest and marketing cost 928.20 2.73
TOTAL COST 3,082.79 9.07
a Cost attributed to second crop as a result of double-crop production practices following Tomatoes.
b Costs exclude field and bed preparation, plastic mulch and fumigant.


Table 54. Watermelons: Estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations in
the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90.
Dollars per cwt.
Yield (cwts.) 8.00 9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00


300 -574.00 -274.00 26.00
320 -468.00 -148.00 172.00
340 -363.00 -23.00 317.00
360 -257.00 103.00 463.00
380 -152.00 228.00 608.00


326.00
492.00
657.00
823.00
988.00


626.00
812.00
997.00
1,183.00
1,368.00
































































30















APPENDICES




Appendix A: Cultural Labor Costs by Activity and Machinery Costs by Operation.









Table A-1. Bush Beans: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Seed and fertilize 0.50 2.93
Water control 7.92 46.33
Total cultural labor 8.42 49.26
Total tractor labor 4.17 32.50
Supervision 41.41
TOTAL LABOR COST 123.17



Table A-2. Bush Beans: Summary of machine use and costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90.

Dollars per acre

Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
70 hp 0.75 2.97 4.28 7.25
100 hp 1.00 5.86 8.28 14.14
160 hp 1.58 16.01 21.81 37.82
IMPLEMENTS
13 ft. heavy disc 1.33 16.08 16.80 32.88
14 ft. bottom plow 0.25 0.75 0.79 1.54
4 row fertilizer appl. 0.67 1.99 1.27 3.26
4 row planter 0.33 3.28 4.00 7.28
Boom sprayer 0.75 11.63 4.73 16.35
4 row cultivator 0.67 1.49 2.60 4.09
MISCELLANEOUS
117 hp truck mounted pump 10.67 27.56 71.63 99.19
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 87.62 136.18 223.80







Table A-3. Cabbage: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
General labor 9.00 56.97
Total cultural labor 9.00 56.97
Total tractor labor 6.54 53.01
TOTAL LABOR COST 109.98



Table A-4. Cabbage: Summary of machine use and costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90.
Dollars per acre

Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
55 hp 0.03 0.07 0.10 0.17
70 hp 2.10 8.31 11.25 19.56
125 hp 1.98 15.36 19.92 35.28
140 hp 1.13 9.13 12.22 21.35
IMPLEMENTS
13 ft. harrow 0.60 0.67 0.26 0.93
V-ditcher 1.60 4.46 1.92 6.38
8 row chopper 0.40 1.81 0.21 2.02
Lister 0.10 0.64 0.02 0.66
8 row bedder 0.47 3.16 0.22 3.38
8 row cross ditcher 0.17 1.58 0.55 2.14
Boom Sprayer 0.06 0.10 0.05 0.15
Side mower 1.33 3.39 0.13 3.52
Bulk spreader 0.41 0.52 0.20 0.73
4 row transplanter 0.50 1.30 0.47 1.77
MISCELLANEOUS
10 hp electric pump 24.10 10.38 4.94 15.32
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 60.88 52.47 113.35






Table A-5. Celery: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Central Florida area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Planting labor 16.75 76.21
Water control 6.00 27.30
Total cultural labor 22.75 103.51
Total tractor labor 4.64 34.80
Supervision 71.37
TOTAL LABOR COST 209.68



Table A-6. Celery: Summary of machine use and costs in the Central Florida area, 1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
60 hp 1.00 3.45 4.74 8.18
70 hp 1.25 4.95 6.86 11.81
180 hp 1.46 16.75 21.92 38.67
IMPLEMENTS
20 ft. disc 0.43 5.72 5.98 11.70
Moldboard plow 0.17 0.62 0.54 1.16
20 ft. leveler 0.20 0.92 0.29 1.21
Rolling cultivator 0.25 0.56 0.33 0.89
Overhead sprayer 1.00 13.11 7.00 20.11
8 row herbicide sprayer 1.00 6.99 3.73 10.73
12 row transplanter 0.67 13.57 4.27 17.84
MISCELLANEOUS
100 hp diesel pump 1.00 3.59 6.40 9.99
2 ton truck 1.00 7.40 13.80 21.20
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 77.63 75.85 153.48







Table A-7. Celery: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Evergladess area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Planting labor 16.75 83.58
Water control 2.68 13.37
Total cultural labor 19.43 96.96
Total tractor labor 5.18 36.12
Supervision 107.51
TOTAL LABOR COST 240.59



Table A-8. Celery: Summary of machine use and costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90.
Dollars per acre

Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
60 hp 1.00 3.45 4.74 8.18
70 hp 2.55 10.10 14.00 24.10
225 hp 1.05 17.31 21.27 38.58
IMPLEMENTS
16 ft. disc 0.08 0.93 0.98 1.91
20 ft. disc 0.20 2.67 2.79 5.46
Moldboard plow 0.10 0.37 0.32 0.69
Cross ditcher 0.05 0.25 0.11 0.36
Rolling cultivator 0.25 0.56 0.33 0.89
Boom sprayer 2.25 18.41 7.48 25.89
8 row herbicide sprayer 1.00 6.99 3.73 10.73
12 row transplanter 0.67 13.57 4.27 17.84
MISCELLANEOUS
100 hp diesel pump 1.17 4.20 7.49 11.68
200 hp diesel pump 0.67 4.79 8.55 13.34
2 ton truck 1.00 7.40 13.80 21.20
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 91.00 89.85 180.85






Table A-9. Sweet Corn: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Central Florida area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Planting labor 0.33 1.50
General farm labor 13.50 61.43
Total cultural labor 13.83 62.93
Total tractor labor 2.30 17.26
Supervision 35.79
TOTAL LABOR COST 115.98


Table A-10. Sweet Corn: Summary of machine use and costs in the Central Florida area, 1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
60 hp 0.20 0.69 0.95 1.64
70 hp 0.43 1.70 2.35 4.05
80 hp 0.22 1.01 1.40 2.41
180 hp 0.99 11.34 14.84 26.18
IMPLEMENTS
20 ft. disc 0.60 8.01 8.37 16.38
Moldboard plow 0.22 0.81 0.71 1.52
20 ft. leveler 0.17 0.78 0.24 1.02
Rolling cultivator 0.43 0.96 0.56 1.52
Granular hopper 0.43 0.74 0.43 1.17
8 row herbicide sprayer 0.20 1.40 0.75 2.15
Pneumatic corn planter 0.22 5.09 1.60 6.69
MISCELLANEOUS
175 hp diesel pump 1.50 8.61 16.28 24.89
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 41.14 48.48 89.62







Table A- 1. Sweet Corn: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Plant 0.60 3.51
Water control 12.00 70.20
Total cultural labor 12.60 73.71
Total tractor labor 4.59 35.82
Supervision 44.54
TOTAL LABOR COST 154.07



Table A-12. Sweet Corn: Summary of machine use and costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90.
Dollars per acre

Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
85 hp 2.35 11.33 16.28 27.61
125 hp 0.67 5.17 7.10 12.27
180 hp 0.66 7.55 10.24 17.79
IMPLEMENTS
13 ft. heavy disc 0.50 6.03 6.30 12.33
25 ft. disc 0.16 2.53 2.64 5.17
14 ft. bottom plow 0.50 1.51 1.58 3.08
4 row bedder w/hoppers 0.17 1.44 3.30 4.74
Boom sprayer 1.52 23.52 9.56 33.08
4 row cultivator 0.55 1.22 2.13 3.35
4 row corn planter/fert. 0.29 2.28 2.48 4.76
MISCELLANEOUS
117 hp mounted pump 10.00 25.84 67.15 92.99
I ton truck 0.80 4.36 3.24 7.60
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 92.78 132.00 224.78






Table A-13. Sweet Corn: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Planting labor 0.30 1.50
Fertilization 2.50 12.48
Water control 2.25 11.23
Total cultural labor 5.05 25.20
Total tractor labor 5.34 37.34
Supervision 39.32
TOTAL LABOR COST 101.86


Table A-14. Sweet Corn: Summary of machine use and costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
60 hp 3.95 13.61 18.72 32.33
80 hp 0.18 0.83 1.15 1.98
180 hp 0.11 1.23 1.61 2.84
210 hp 0.22 3.25 4.09 7.34
Highboy 0.29 0.20 0.42 0.62
IMPLEMENTS
20 ft. disc 0.11 1.44 1.50 2.94
24 ft. disc 0.10 1.52 1.59 3.11
12 ft. chisel plow 0.13 0.43 0.25 0.68
Cross ditcher 0.05 0.25 0.11 0.36
Rolling cultivator 0.50 1.12 0.65 1.77
Granular hopper 3.20 5.51 3.20 8.71
8 ft. mower 0.29 0.80 0.31 1.11
8 row herbicide sprayer 0.20 1.40 0.75 2.15
Pneumatic corn planter 0.18 4.16 1.31 5.47
MISCELLANEOUS
100 hp diesel pump 2.26 8.09 14.43 22.53
175 hp diesel pump 1.50 8.61 16.28 24.89
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 52.46 66.37 118.83







Table A-15. Sweet Corn: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Palm Beach County area,
1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Cultivate and fertilize 1.88 10.15
Cross ditch 1.23 6.64
Miscellaneous general labor 14.39 77.71
Total cultural labor 17.50 94.50
Total tractor labor 7.33 52.76
Supervision 92.47
TOTAL LABOR COST 239.73



Table A-16. Sweet Corn: Summary of machine use and costs in the Palm Beach County area,
1989-90.

Dollars per acre

Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
70 hp 0.33 1.32 1.83 3.15
80 hp 0.40 1.83 2.52 4.35
100 hp 3.88 22.72 30.95 53.67
180 hp 1.25 14.32 18.75 33.07
IMPLEMENTS
Rolling cultivator 0.33 0.75 0.43 1.18
12 ft. 5isc 0.75 7.11 7.43 14.53
20 ft. disc 0.50 6.68 6.98 13.65
Pneumatic corn planter 0.31 7.05 2.22 9.26
Band fert. distributor 0.40 5.57 4.80 10.37
Boom sprayer 3.57 29.22 11.88 41.10
MISCELLANEOUS
30 hp electric pump 35.00 40.19 21.58 61.78
100 hp diesel pump 8.00 28.71 51.19 79.90
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 165.46 160.54 326.00






Table A-17. Cucumbers:


Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90.


Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Plant 3.33 15.28
Water control 2.33 10.69
Fertilize 2.00 9.18
Water in plants 2.73 12.53
Total cultural labor 10.39 47.69
Total tractor labor 3.28 24.97
Supervision 103.85
TOTAL LABOR COST 176.51


Table A-18. Cucumbers: Summary of machine use and costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
40 hp 0.33 0.83 1.15 1.98
70 hp 2.29 9.08 13.00 22.08
IMPLEMENTS
1 row mower 0.33 0.85 0.50 1.35
3 row herbicide sprayer 0.67 3.50 1.87 5.36
Boom sprayer 1.63 14.00 5.69 19.68

MISCELLANEOUS
20 hp diesel pump 30.00 21.53 34.14 55.67
60 hp diesel pump 7.50 16.15 25.60 41.75
Farm trucks 5.83 10.84 16.67
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 71.77 92.78 164.55






Table A-19. Eggplant: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Palm Beach County area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Fertilize 3.20 20.61
Bed, fumigate and press bed 1.60 10.30
Lay plastic 1.60 10.30
Make cross ditches 10.00 64.40
Set plants 20.00 128.80
Water control 6.00 38.64
Total cultural labor 42.40 273.06
Total tractor labor 16.71 126.98
Supervision 214.87
TOTAL LABOR COST 614.91


Table A-20. Eggplant: Summary of machine use and costs in the Palm Beach County area, 1989-90.


Description


TRACTORS
40 hp
70 hp
100 hp
IMPLEMENTS
1 row mower
12 ft. disc
1 row bedder
1 row bed presser
1 row plastic machine
1 row hole puncher
2 row herbicide sprayer
Boom Sprayer
1 row burner
Broadcast spreader
MISCELLANEOUS
30 hp electric pump
100 hp diesel pump
117 hp truck mounted pump
TOTAL MACHINERY COST


Hours per acre


0.90
9.00
3.47


0.40
1.67
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.40
2.40
5.40
0.50
0.20


13.97
8.51
1.00


Dollars per acre
Fixed Variable Total


2.25
35.66
20.30


1.02
17.23
7.91
0.46
5.22
0.26
10.49
51.93
1.58
0.25


16.04
30.54
3.45
204.57


2.97
49.40
27.66


0.60
6.00
6.54
0.35
3.60
0.10
5.60
31.68
1.13
0.10


7.91
54.45
6.96
205.06


5.22
85.06
47.96


1.62
23.23
14.45
0.81
8.82
0.36
16.09
83.61
2.71
0.35


23.95
85.00
10.40
409.63






Table A-21. Green Peppers: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Palm Beach County area,
1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Fertilize 3.20 16.64
Prepare plug mix 3.00 15.60
Bed and fumigate 1.60 8.32
Lay plastic 1.60 8.32
Cross ditch 10.00 52.00
Plant 1.00 5.20
Thin plants 24.00 124.80
Water control 3.50 18.20
Total cultural labor 47.90 249.08
Total tractor labor 18.52 132.58
Supervision 273.40
TOTAL LABOR COST 655.06


Table A-22. Green Peppers: Summary of machine use and costs in the Palm Beach County area,
1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
40 hp 2.80 6.99 9.24 16.23
70 hp 6.80 26.93 37.31 64.24
100 hp 5.22 30.55 41.62 72.17
IMPLEMENTS
1 row mower 0.40 1.02 0.60 1.62
12 ft. disc 1.67 17.23 6.00 23.23
1 row bedder 0.80 7.91 6.54 14.45
1 row bed presser 0.80 0.46 0.35 0.81
Fertilizer tender 0.80 6.97 6.00 12.97
1 row plastic machine 0.80 5.22 3.60 8.82
1 row cross ditcher 0.50 1.11 0.51 1.62
Plug mix planter 3.03 74.54 40.40 114.94
Boom Sprayer 2.75 26.44 16.13 42.58
2 row herbicide sprayer 0.60 2.62 1.40 4.02
Stake wagon 2.00 2.04 0.64 2.68
Broadcast spreader 0.67 0.85 0.33 1.18
MISCELLANEOUS
30 hp electric pump 21.13 24.26 11.97 36.23
100 hp diesel pump 9.09 32.63 58.17 90.79
117 hp truck mounted pump 1.00 3.45 6.96 10.40
Mixer 1.00 5.23 23.43 28.65
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 276.43 271.20 547.63







Table A-23. Green Peppers: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Prepare beds and cross ditch 0.92 4.22
Lay plastic 1.18 5.42
Transplant 9.50 43.61
Replant 2.00 9.18
Water control 4.50 20.66
Total cultural labor 18.10 83.08
Total tractor labor 19.82 150.84
Supervision 268.19
TOTAL LABOR COST 502.11


Table A-24. Green Peppers: Summary of machine use and costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90.

Dollars per acre

Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
40 hp 0.35 0.87 1.21 2.08
85 hp 11.21 54.77 77.93 132.70
125 hp 2.13 16.52 22.84 39.35
150 hp 0.81 6.75 9.72 16.47
210 hp 1.36 19.26 25.86 45.13
IMPLEMENTS
18 ft disc 0.50 6.03 2.80 8.83
Row marker 0.10 0.13 0.01 0.14
Field cultivator 0.31 0.69 0.40 1.09
V-ditcher 0.60 1.67 0.72 2.39
Ditch plow 0.36 0.56 0.20 0.76
3 row superbedder 0.40 9.86 7.49 17.34
3 row plastic machine 0.31 2.45 1.87 4.33
3 row transplanter 1.52 3.94 1.13 5.07
3 row herbicide sprayer 0.25 1.31 0.70 2.01
Boom sprayer 10.90 104.79 63.93 168.72
MISCELLANEOUS
20 hp diesel pump 120.00 86.13 136.55 222.68
60 hp diesel pump 30.00 64.60 102.41 167.01
Farm trucks 5.83 10.84 16.67
TOTAL MACHINERY COST .386.16 466.61 852.77






Table A-25. Lettuce: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Planting labor 3.00 14.97
Water control 3.49 17.42
Total cultural labor 6.49 32.39
Total tractor labor 3.44 24.01
Supervision 69.76
TOTAL LABOR COST 126.16



Table A-26. Lettuce: Summary of machine use and costs in the Everglades area, 1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
25 hp 0.30 0.27 0.48 0.75
40 hp 0.05 0.12 0.16 0.28
60 hp 0.25 0.86 1.18 2.05
225 hp 0.79 13.05 16.03 29.08
D-4 Catapiller 1.67 43.07 49.49 92.56
IMPLEMENTS
24 ft. disc 0.54 8.34 8.71 17.04
12 ft. chisel plow 0.05 0.19 0.11 0.30
Moldboard plow 0.10 0.37 0.32 0.69
12 ft. mole drain 0.10 0.12 0.00 0.12
Cross ditcher 0.05 0.25 0.11 0.36
Side mower 0.10 0.25 0.01 0.26
Boom sprayer 0.25 3.28 1.75 5.03
8 row herbicide sprayer 0.20 1.40 0.75 2.15
Lettuce planter 1.67 8.48 3.33 11.82
MISCELLANEOUS
100 hp diesel pump 2.25 8.08 14.40 22.48
175 hp diesel pump 1.50 8.61 16.28 24.89
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 96.74 113.12 209.86







Table A-27. Chip Potatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
General labor 5.41 34.25
Total cultural labor 5.41 34.25
Total tractor labor 9.72 78.82
TOTAL LABOR COST 113.07



Table A-28. Chip Potatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90.

Dollars per acre

Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
55 hp 0.20 0.55 0.79 1.34
70 hp 5.48 21.73 29.43 51.16
125 hp 1.26 9.74 12.64 22.38
140 hp 0.83 6.77 9.07 15.84
IMPLEMENTS
13 ft. harrow 0.37 0.44 0.18 0.62
V-ditcher 2.40 6.69 2.88 9.57
8 row chopper 0.47 2.11 0.25 2.36
Lister 0.10 0.64 0.02 0.66
8 row bedder 0.55 3.72 0.26 3.98
8 row cross ditcher 0.21 1.90 0.66 2.56
4 row potato planter 0.14 2.53 0.04 2.58
Boom sprayer 0.36 0.50 0.22 0.72
Elevator 0.03 0.32 0.02 0.34
Potato cutter 0.23 3.44 0.14 3.57
Side mower 2.67 6.79 0.27 7.05
Bulk spreader 0.50 0.64 0.25 0.89
MISCELLANEOUS
10 hp electric pump 24r10 10.38 4.94 15.32
Bulk truck 0.25 3.28 2.75 6.03
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 82.17 64.78 146.95






Table A-29. Table Potatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Dade County area,
1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Seed cutting labor 1.50 8.78
Water control 2.00 11.70
Hoe 0.15 0.88
Planting labor 2.00 11.70
Total cultural labor 5.65 33.05
Total tractor labor 4.49 35.00
Supervision 62.47
TOTAL LABOR COST 130.52



Table A-30. Table Potatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Dade County area,
1989-90.

Dollars per acre

Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
85 hp 1.57 7.56 10.86 18.42
125 hp 0.17 1.35 1.85 3.20
150 hp 0.67 5.57 8.08 13.65
160 hp 1.18 11.96 16.29 28.25
IMPLEMENTS
10 ft. weed chopper 0.17 0.89 0.52 1.41
16 ft. disc 0.88 9.80 10.24 20.03
14 ft. bottom plow 0.31 0.93 0.97 1.90
4 row bedder w/hoppers 0.17 1.44 3.30 4.74
4 row herbicide sprayer 0.18 0.79 0.42 1.22
Boom Sprayer 0.90 13.95 5.67 19.62
4 row cultivator 0.67 1.49 2.60 4.09
4 row potato planter 0.50 19.66 15.63 35.28
Potato cutter 2.00 30.54 1.20 31.74
MISCELLANEOUS
117 hp mounted pump 3.00 7.75 20.15 27.90
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 113.68 97.78 211.46







Table A-31. Table Potatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
General labor 5.41 34.25
Total cultural labor 5.41 34.25
Total tractor labor 9.14 74.09
TOTAL LABOR COST 108.34



Table A-32. Table Potatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Hastings area, 1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
55 hp 0.20 0.55 0.79 1.34
70 hp 5.48 21.73 29.43 51.16
125 hp 0.79 6.13 7.94 14.07
140 hp 0.83 6.77 9.07 15.84
IMPLEMENTS
13 ft. harrow 0.37 0.44 0.18 0.62
V-ditcher 2.40 6.69 2.88 9.57
8 row chopper 0.47 2.11 0.25 2.36
Lister 0.10 0.64 0.02 0.66
8 row bedder 0.55 3.72 0.26 3.98
8 row cross ditcher 0.21 1.90 0.66 2.56
4 row potato planter 0.14 2.53 0.04 2.58
Boom sprayer 0.36 0.50 0.22 0.72
4 row fumigator 0.17 0.50 0.06 0.56
Elevator 0.03 0.32 0.02 0.34
Potato cutter 0.23 3.44 0.14 3.57
Side mower 2.67 6.79 0.27 7.05
Span piler 0.01 0.81 0.07 0.88
Bulk spreader 0.50 0.64 0.25 0.89
MISCELLANEOUS
10 hp electric pump 24.10 10.38 4.94 15.32
Bulk truck 0.25 3.28 2.75 6.03
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 79.87 60.22 140.09






Table A-33. Summer Squash: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Dade County area,
1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Seed and fertilize 0.33 1.93
Water control 5.28 30.89
Total cultural labor 5.61 32.82
Total tractor labor 4.17 32.50
Supervision 43.92
TOTAL LABOR COST 109.24



Table A-34. Summer Squash: Summary of machine use and costs in the Dade County area,
1989-90.

Dollars per acre

Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
70 hp 0.75 2.97 4.28 7.25
100 hp 1.00 5.86 8.28 14.14
160 hp 1.58 16.01 21.81 37.82
IMPLEMENTS
13 ft. heavy disc 1.33 16.08 16.80 32.88
14 ft. bottom plow 0.25 0.75 0.79 1.54
4 row fertilizer appl. 0.67 1.99 1.27 3.26
4 row planter 0.33 3.28 4.00 7.28
Boom sprayer 0.75 11.63 4.73 16.35
4 row cultivator 0.67 1.49 2.60 4.09
MISCELLANEOUS
117 hp truck mounted pump 10.67 27.56 71.63 99.19
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 87.62 136.18 223.80







Table A-35. Strawberries: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Plant City area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Lay plastic 7.20 34.20
Total cultural labor 7.20 34.20
Total tractor labor 21.81 130.88
TOTAL LABOR COST 165.08


Table A-36. Strawberries: Summary of machine use and costs in the Plant City area, 1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
35 hp 8.64 12.80 19.65 32.45
75 hp 5.81 24.82 32.75 57.57
110 hp 3.00 20.98 26.32 47.31
IMPLEMENTS
12 ft. disc 2.00 18.95 6.60 25.55
Roterra 0.67 16.08 7.47 23.54
Broadcast spreader 0.31 0.39 0.15 0.55
Row marker 0.14 0.18 0.01 0.19
Boom sprayer 8.00 11.15 8.00 19.15
Sprayer 1.00 12.24 6.53 18.77
2 row bed presser 1.00 0.52 0.40 0.92
2 row herb sprayer 1.33 3.50 1.87 5.36
1 row fumigator 1.00 2.62 2.00 4.62
1 row hole puncher 0.33 0.22 0.14 0.36
Band fertilizer distributor 0.67 9.29 8.00 17.29
1 row plastic layer 1.00 3.90 2.50 6.40
MISCELLANEOUS
10 hp electric pump 9.38 4.04 4.64 8.68
100 hp diesel pump 8.25 29.61 49.90 79.51
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 171.28 176.93 348.21






Table A-37. Tomatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Lay plastic/fumigate 0.50 2.93
Prepare plug mix 0.13 0.76
Plant 0.30 1.76
Thin plants 3.00 17.55
Prune plants 3.00 17.55
Fertilize 0.90 5.27
Water control 13.40 78.39
Spraying 2.20 12.87
Drive stakes 8.25 48.26
Pull stakes 1.20 7.02
Total cultural labor 32.88 192.35
Total tractor labor 10.42 81.27
Supervision 143.18
TOTAL LABOR COST 416.80



Table A-38. Tomatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Dade County area, 1989-90.
Dollars per acre

Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
40 hp 1.13 2.83 3.88 6.71
70 hp 3.79 15.00 21.59 36.59
100 hp 1.20 7.03 9.94 16.97
160 hp 2.22 22.41 30.53 52.94
IMPLEMENTS
13 ft. heavy disc 0.83 10.05 10.50 20.55
14 ft. bottom plow 0.25 0.75 0.79 1.54
3 row middle buster 0.33 0.78 0.90 1.68
3 row bedder/presser 0.40 3.57 8.16 11.73
3 row fumigator 0.40 2.36 3.60 5.96
3 row fert. distributor 1.00 12.19 10.50 22.69
Fertilizer tender 0.33 2.90 2.50 5.40
3 row plastic machine 0.40 3.19 7.30 10.49
3 row Tomato planter 0.29 7.02 8.57 15.60
6 row herbicide sprayer 0.50 2.62 1.40 4.02
Boom sprayer 2.00 31.01 12.60 43.61
6 row stake driver 0.80 7.72 11.20 18.92
3 row stake puller 0.40 5.25 10.00 15.25
Stake wagon 0.80 0.81 0.26 1.07
MISCELLANEOUS
Mixer 0.13 0.63 3.18 3.81
117 hp mounted pump 13.33 34.45 89.54 123.99
1 ton truck 9.00 49.10 36.47 85.57
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 221.69 283.39 505.08








Table A-39. Fall Tomatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Set plants 3.00 13.95
Replant 1.00 4.65
Set stakes 8.80 40.92
Drive stakes 4.00 18.60
Tie plants 14.00 65.10
Prune plants 4.50 20.93
Water control 2.50 11.63
Remove plastic/stakes 18.00 83.70
Total cultural labor 55.80 259.47
Total tractor labor 30.73 192.36
Supervision 222.77
TOTAL LABOR COST 674.60



Table A-40. Fall Tomatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90.

Dollars ner acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
70 hp 4.17 16.50 22.86 39.36
100 hp 14.01 82.04 111.76 193.80
125 hp 2.93 22.74 30.13 52.87
180 hp 3.52 40.27 52.72 92.98
IMPLEMENTS
13 ft. disc 1.82 21.92 7.64 29.56
14 ft. leveler 1.00 2.04 0.64 2.68
Row marker 0.29 0.36 0.01 0.38
Ditch plow 0.36 0.56 0.20 0.76
V-ditcher 1.33 3.72 1.60 5.32
3 row bedder/fert. distrib. 0.33 2.97 2.27 5.24
1 row bed presser 0.36 0.21 0.16 0.37
I row fumigator 0.80 2.10 1.60 3.70
1 row fert. distributor 0.80 7.71 6.64 14.35
Fertilizer tender 1.60 13.94 12.00 25.94
1 row plastic machine 0.80 3.12 2.00 5.12
1 row hole puncher 0.29 0.17 0.06 0.23
1 row plant setter 1.52 1.83 0.53 2.36
Herbicide sprayer 2.00 10.49 5.60 16.09
6 row stake driver 1.52 13.31 6.18 19.49
3 row stake puller 0.50 3.84 2.34 6.18
3 row burner 0.14 0.80 0.57 1.37
Stake wagon 1.52 1.54 0.48 2.03
Boom sprayer 7.40 60.55 24.61 85.15
Broadcast spreader 0.25 0.32 0.13 0.45
MISCELLANEOUS
100 hp diesel pump 10.18 36.53 65.13 101.66
Farm trucks 5.92 11.04 16.96
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 355.49 368.89 724.39






Table A-41. Spring Tomatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in
1989-90.


the Manatee/Ruskin area,


Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Set plants 3.00 13.95
Replant 1.00 4.65
Set stakes 8.80 40.92
Drive stakes 4.00 18.60
Tie plants 14.00 65.10
Prune plants 4.50 20.93
Water control 2.50 11.63
Remove plastic/stakes 18.00 83.70
Total cultural labor 55.80 259.47
Total tractor labor 25.79 161.17
Supervision 209.64
TOTAL LABOR COST 630.28



Table A-42. Spring Tomatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
70 hp 4.04 16.01 22.18 38.18
100 hp 10.14 59.40 80.91 140.31
125 hp 2.93 22.74 30.13 52.87
180 hp 3.52 40.27 52.72 92.98
IMPLEMENTS
13 ft. disc 1.82 21.92 7.64 29.56
14 ft. leveler 1.00 2.04 0.64 2.68
Row marker 0.29 0.36 0.01 0.38
Ditch plow 0.36 0.56 0.20 0.76
V-ditcher 1.33 3.72 1.60 5.32
3 row bedder/fert. distrib. 0.33 2.97 2.27 5.24
1 row bed presser 0.36 0.21 0.16 0.37
1 row fumigator 0.80 2.10 1.60 3.70
1 row fert. distributor 0.80 7.71 6.64 14.35
Fertilizer tender 1.60 13.94 12.00 25.94
1 row plastic machine 0.80 3.12 2.00 5.12
1 row hole puncher 0.29 0.17 0.06 0.23
1 row plant setter 1.52 1.83 0.53 2.36
Herbicide sprayer 1.33 9.32 4.98 14.30
6 row stake driver 1.52 13.31 6.18 19.49
3 row stake puller 0.50 3.84 2.34 6.18
3 row burner 0.14 0.80 0.57 1.37
Stake wagon 1.52 1.54 0.48 2.03
Boom sprayer 4.20 34.37 13.97 48.33
Broadcast spreader 0.13 0.16 0.06 0.22
MISCELLANEOUS
100 hp diesel pump 10.18 36.53 65.13 101.66
Farm trucks 5.92 11.04 16.96
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 304.84 326.03 630.88







Table A-43. Tomatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the North Florida area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Soil prep/bedding 4.50 20.48
Lay plastic 3.20 14.56
Transplant and reset 5.50 25.03
Water control 25.00 113.75
Total cultural labor 38.20 173.81
Total tractor labor 20.46 126.43
Supervision 243.01
TOTAL LABOR COST 543.25


Table A-44. Tomatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the North Florida area, 1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
40 hp 10.50 26.80 32.99 59.78
70 hp 2.47 9.99 12.86 22.84
125 hp 3.40 26.93 33.25 60.18
IMPLEMENTS
16 ft. disc 1.33 14.93 5.20 20.13
14 ft leveler 0.27 0.95 0.30 1.25
1 row bedder/presser 1.00 9.34 7.68 17.02
1 row plastic machine 0.80 5.74 4.00 9.74
1 row plant setter 1.33 1.86 0.53 2.39
Broadcast spreader 0.33 0.42 0.17 0.59
3 row herbicide sprayer 4.00 13.99 7.47 21.45
Boom sprayer 5.50 59.52 32.27 91.79
6 row stake driver 4.00 38.59 17.92 56.51
Stake wagon 1.00 1.02 0.32 1.34
Moldboard plow 0.80 2.96 2.58 5.54
MISCELLANEOUS
40 hp diesel pump 37.80 54.26 101.67 155.93
30 hp electric pump 11.50 13.21 7.09 20.30
1 ton truck 0.20 0.93 1.08 2.01
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 280.08 274.50 554.58






Table A-45. Tomatoes: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Lay plastic 2.40 11.02
Transplant and reset 9.60 44.06
Water control 4.50 20.66
Total cultural labor 16.50 75.74
Total tractor labor 14.22 108.22
Supervision 260.84
TOTAL LABOR COST 444.80


Table A-46. Tomatoes: Summary of machine use and costs in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90.

Dollars ner acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
70 hp 4.58 18.16 26.00 44.16
100 hp 0.41 2.39 3.37 5.76
125 hp 3.11 24.12 33.35 57.47
180 hp 1.59 18.19 24.91 43.10
210 hp 1.69 23.83 31.99 55.82
IMPLEMENTS
18 ft. disc 1.28 15.43 7.17 22.60
Row marker 0.10 0.13 0.01 0.14
V-ditcher 0.92 2.57 1.11 3.68
Ditch plow 0.36 0.56 0.20 0.76
3 row superbedder 0.40 9.86 7.49 17.35
3 row plastic machine 0.44 3.55 2.70 6.25
3 row transplanter 1.33 3.47 1.00 4.47
6 row herbicide sprayer 0.67 4.66 2.49 7.15
Boom sprayer 3.25 31.25 19.07 50.32
6 row stake driver 1.33 12.86 5.97 18.83
Stake wagon 0.67 0.68 0.21 0.89
MISCELLANEOUS
20 hp diesel pump 120.00 86.13 136.55 222.68
60 hp diesel pump 30.00 64.60 102.41 167.01
Farm trucks 5.83 10.84 16.67
TOTAL MACHINERY COST -328.25 416.83 745.08







Table A-47. Watermelons: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Alachua/Levy County area,
1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
General labor 10.34 51.70
Total cultural labor 10.34 51.70
Total tractor labor 3.11 17.09
TOTAL LABOR COST 68.79



Table A-48. Watermelons: Summary of machine use and costs in the Alachua/Levy County area,
1989-90.

Dollars per acre

Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
60 hp 0.89 3.15 4.43 7.58
125 hp 1.60 12.40 17.05 29.45
IMPLEMENTS
12 ft. disc 0.60 5.68 1.98 7.66
Sub-soil shank 0.40 1.02 0.24 1.26
1 row middle buster 0.20 0.31 0.07 0.38
1 row bedder 0.20 0.23 0.14 0.37
1 row fert. distributor 0.20 1.56 1.34 2.90
Broadcast spreader 0.20 0.25 0.10 0.35
Bottom plow 0.40 1.38 0.80 2.18
1 row planter 0.29 3.46 1.41 4.87
Hose reel/gun/trailer 3.00 27.68 7.33 35.01
MISCELLANEOUS
100 hp diesel pump 3.00 10.77 20.11 30.88
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 67.89 55.00 122.89






Table A-49. Watermelons: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Hoe 2.00 9.30
Replant 4.00 18.60
Miscellaneous labor 12.72 59.15
Total cultural labor 18.72 87.05
Total tractor labor 8.31 51.91
Supervision -80.18
TOTAL LABOR COST 219.14



Table A-50. Watermelons: Summary of machine use and costs in the Manatee/Ruskin area,
1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
40 hp 0.80 2.00 2.64 4.64
85 hp 2.40 11.58 16.02 27.59
100 hp 2.78 16.27 22.16 38.43
320 hp 0.67 14.58 18.48 33.06
IMPLEMENTS
6 ft. weed chopper 0.67 1.95 1.15 3.10
12 ft. disc 1.60 15.16 5.28 20.44
14 ft. leveler 0.20 0.41 0.13 0.54
V-ditcher 0.20 0.56 0.24 0.80
1 row bedder 0.33 0.39 0.23 0.62
1 row fert. distributor 0.80 7.71 6.64 14.35
Fertilizer tender 0.80 6.97 6.00 12.97
1 row planter 0.44 1.01 0.41 1.42
Boom sprayer 1.60 13.09 5.32 18.41
MISCELLANEOUS
100 hp diesel pump 14.29 51.27 96.40 142.67
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 142.94 176.09 319.03







Table A-51. Watermelons: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the North Florida area, 1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
General farm labor 8.60 45.15
Total cultural labor 8.60 45.15
Total tractor labor 4.85 25.44
TOTAL LABOR COST 70.59



Table A-52. Watermelons: Summary of machine use and costs in the North Florida area, 1989-90.

Dollars ner acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
85 hp 1.92 9.28 13.34 22.62
125 hp 1.95 15.13 20.80 35.94
IMPLEMENTS
16 ft. disc 0.95 10.66 3.71 14.38
Sub-soil shank 0.40 1.02 0.24 1.26
1 Row bedder 0.20 0.23 0.14 0.37
1 Row fert. distributor 0.17 1.49 1.28 2.77
1 row plastic machine 0.40 1.56 1.00 2.56
Boom Sprayer 0.50 5.41 2.93 8.34
Bottom plow 0.40 1.38 0.80 2.18
Chisel plow 0.57 1.97 1.14 3.11
1 row planter 0.29 3.46 1.41 4.87
Hose reel/gun/trailer 3.00 27.68 7.33 35.01
MISCELLANEOUS
25 hp electric pump 3.00 3.45 1.85 5.30
150 hp diesel pump 3.00 16.15 30.17 46.32
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 98.87 86.16 185.03








Table A-53. Watermelons: Summary of preharvest labor costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90.

Operation Hours per acre Dollars per acre

CULTURAL LABOR
Plant 3.33 15.28
Water-in plants 2.73 12.53
Fertilize 2.74 12.58
Turn vines 30.00 137.70
Water control 2.33 10.69
Total cultural labor 41.13 188.79
Total tractor labor 9.25 70.38
Supervision 123.30
TOTAL LABOR COST 382.47


Table A-54. Watermelons: Summary of machine use and costs in the Southwest Florida area,
1989-90.

Dollars per acre
Description Hours per acre Fixed Variable Total

TRACTORS
40 hp 2.73 6.82 9.41 16.24
70 hp 4.67 18.49 26.47 44.96
IMPLEMENTS
Boom sprayer 6.73 61.99 33.03 95.02
3 row herbicide sprayer 0.67 3.50 1.87 5.36
MISCELLANEOUS
20 hp diesel pump 46.25 33.20 52.63 85.82
100 hp diesel pump 15.50 33.38 52.91 86.29
Farm trucks 5.83 10.84 16.67
TOTAL MACHINERY COST 163.21 187.16 350.37