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 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Acknowledgements
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Main
 Reference
 Addenda














Budgeting costs and returns
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026157/00024
 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Budgeting costs and returns for Central Florida citrus production
Budgeting costs and returns for for <sic> Central Florida citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 2000
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Marketing -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: governmental publication   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Title varies slightly: <1992-93>- Budgeting costs and returns for Central Florida Citrus Production.
General Note: Description based on: 1978-79; cover title.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000313320
oclc - 08042638
notis - ABU0053
lccn - sn 82000631 /g
System ID: UF00026157:00024

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgements
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Reference
        Page 10
    Addenda
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
Full Text















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing round oranges in the Central Florida citrus area are
presented for the twentieth consecutive year. Due to the freezes of the 1980's, the Central Florida citrus
area refers primarily to Polk and Highlands counties. The format presented may be used by individual
growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Central Florida, budgeting, costs and returns.

NOTE: The Central Florida production area refers to Polk and Highlands counties. However, the
costs presented in this report are applicable to other counties such as Hardee, Hillsborough,
Lake and Orange counties.

The budgeted cost information presented herein is the most current available. The budget
cost items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used by growers-e.g.,
chemical mowing, different spray materials and rates of fertilization, microsprinkler
irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Thus, the 2000-01 budget costs reflect lower fertilizer and
pesticide materials costs and increased per acre yield due to higher per acre tree densities.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom-managed operation. Therefore, all
equipment costs are based on the average custom rate costs, and a 10 percent handling
and supervision charge is added to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs listed are representative for a mature
citrus grove (10+ years old), the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ
depending upon the tree age, tree density and the grove practices performed; e.g., spot
herbicide for grass/brush regrowth under trees could add an additional $17.21 per acre;
Diaprepes control could add $69.54 per acre for soil biological control application and
$73.20 per acre for each foliar application; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza could
substantially increase the tree replacement and care costs; spray applications to control citrus
leafminer and nematicide applications such as Temik ($131.00/acre) could increase the total
cultural costs per acre above the average costs shown in the comparative budgets; travel and
set-up costs may vary due to size of the citrus grove and distance from grove equipment barn
and could add $26.25 per acre; etc.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of the Central
Florida citrus production area who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.
















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing round oranges in the Central Florida citrus area are
presented for the twentieth consecutive year. Due to the freezes of the 1980's, the Central Florida citrus
area refers primarily to Polk and Highlands counties. The format presented may be used by individual
growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Central Florida, budgeting, costs and returns.

NOTE: The Central Florida production area refers to Polk and Highlands counties. However, the
costs presented in this report are applicable to other counties such as Hardee, Hillsborough,
Lake and Orange counties.

The budgeted cost information presented herein is the most current available. The budget
cost items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used by growers-e.g.,
chemical mowing, different spray materials and rates of fertilization, microsprinkler
irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Thus, the 2000-01 budget costs reflect lower fertilizer and
pesticide materials costs and increased per acre yield due to higher per acre tree densities.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom-managed operation. Therefore, all
equipment costs are based on the average custom rate costs, and a 10 percent handling
and supervision charge is added to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs listed are representative for a mature
citrus grove (10+ years old), the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ
depending upon the tree age, tree density and the grove practices performed; e.g., spot
herbicide for grass/brush regrowth under trees could add an additional $17.21 per acre;
Diaprepes control could add $69.54 per acre for soil biological control application and
$73.20 per acre for each foliar application; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza could
substantially increase the tree replacement and care costs; spray applications to control citrus
leafminer and nematicide applications such as Temik ($131.00/acre) could increase the total
cultural costs per acre above the average costs shown in the comparative budgets; travel and
set-up costs may vary due to size of the citrus grove and distance from grove equipment barn
and could add $26.25 per acre; etc.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of the Central
Florida citrus production area who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.
















TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

ABSTRACT ................................... ............................. i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ..................................................... i

LIST OF TABLES ............................................................. iii

INTRODUCTION .......................................................... 1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION ............................................ 1

COSTS AND INPUTS .......................................................... 1

THE GROVE SITUATION ..................................................... 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS ................................................... 4

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS ................................................ 5

REFERENCES ................................................................ 10

ADDENDA ..... ........................................ .................... II


NOTE: The ADDENDA include a Listing of Grove Care Programs for Central
Florida Citrus Production for Both Round Oranges and Grapefruit; 2001
custom rate summary report; cost of establishing a citrus grove; etc. Page
11 is a list of the tables included in the ADDENDA.
















LIST OF TABLES


Table Page

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Central Florida citrus grove,
2000-01 ................................ ............................. 3

2 Calculation of normal production per acre, 2000-01 .............................. 4

3 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove
producing for the processed market, Central Florida area, 2000-01 .................. 6

4 Estimated total delivered-in cost for Central Florida (Ridge) Valencia oranges grown
for the processed juice market under three cultural cost programs, 2000-01 ............ 7

5 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a
mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus for processing in the Central Florida
area, 1996-97-2000-01 ..................................................... 8

6 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 2001 dollars) for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus for
processing in the Central Florida area, 1996-97-2000-01 .......................... 9










BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR CENTRAL
FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTION, 2000-01


Ronald P. Muraro and Max Still


INTRODUCTION


Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions. Budget analysis can be used to
calculate potential profits from an operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation, and to
determine break-even prices. This report presents a budget constructed from current data and serves as
a format for growers to analyze costs and returns from their individual records. During the 1980's, several
freezes occurred which changed the character of the Central Florida citrus production area. The
December 1983 and January 1985 freezes caused extensive tree and acreage losses in the north central
counties such as Lake and Orange counties. The December 1989 freeze resulted in severe tree damage
and tree loss in North and Central Polk County. Thus, Central Florida in this report refers primarily to
Polk and Highlands counties.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom operators, input suppliers, growers,
colleagues at the Citrus Research and Education Center in Lake Alfred, and County Extension Citrus
Agents in the Central Florida production region. The survey is conducted annually in February and
March.


COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus growers as well as the average
of the data obtained from annual custom rate, chemical, and fertilizer surveys. Growers' costs are shown
in the ADDENDA, Table 1-A through 7-A. The custom rate costs are shown in Table 8-A and the
various chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in Table 9-A and 10-A in the ADDENDA. The budget
costs represent a custom-managed operation. Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the






RONALD P. MURARO is a Professor of Food and Resource Economics and Extension Farm
Management Economist stationed at the Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred. MAX
STILL is Extension Agent, Citrus in Highlands County, Sebring.










average custom-rate costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to the
material cost.
Although brand names are used in many of the tables in the ADDENDA, this does not imply
endorsement by the University of Florida. It is merely an attempt to depict typical production practices.
All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to insert data from a particular grove.
This will allow a comparison of the grower's costs with those presented.


THE GROVE SITUATION


Production practices for a Central Florida round orange grove are shown in Table 1 with times
during the year when they would likely be performed. There are two benefits to developing such a table
for an individual grove. First, it shows what work is needed and when, so that operations can be planned
well in advance. Second, it can be helpful if an annual cash flow analysis is developed to plan financing.
The individual grower may benefit from developing a plan for a particular grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it difficult to define a "typical"
grove. Many combinations of practices and various tree variety combinations produce acceptable yields
and returns. Although the example represents a Valencia orange grove, the cost and return data are
designed to be applicable to most grove situations. A grower, realtor, or land appraiser can substitute
individual grove costs and expected returns into the budget format and develop a budget for a particular
grove. A "your cost" column is appropriately provided for this purpose in subsequent tables.
In the following budget, above average management and cultural practices are assumed. Beyond
this general assumption, the following specifics are assumed.


1. A 10+ year-old, low volume-irrigated grove;

2. Variety is Valencia round orange;

3. Tree loss is 3 percent annually;

4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls below

50 percent of expected yield;

5. Production is for processed use;

6. Tree density is 112 trees per acre; and


7. Custom-caretaker is providing grove management.







Table 1.--Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Central Florida citrus grove, 2000-01'

Month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

50%
Total revenue: 20% Partial Final
deposit payment payment
Less: Pick & haul cost X

DOC advertisement tax X

Grove expenses:

Disc X X

Chop

Mow X X X

Labor, general grove work, pull vines X X

Herbicide (1/2 grove acre equivalent) X X

Spray: Post bloom/nutritional X

Summer oil/greasy spot X

Fall miticide X

Supplemental miticide

Dust

Fertilizer 68# N/A 68# N/A 68# N/A Dolomite

Hedging and topping Hedge

Brush removal/chop brush Chop brush

Tree removal X X

Young tree care X X X X X

Microjet irrigation (times/week) 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1

Miscellaneous

Grove taxes including water management X

Interest expense X

Annual principal payment on mortgage X

"This is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.









As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will vary. The budget reflects the following
age distribution:


Situation
3% pulled and reset
3% 1 year old
3% 2 years old
3% 3 years old
3% 4 years old
45% 5-19 years old
3% producing 50% of expected yield
37% mature producing


Boxes/tree
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.9
3.8
3.0
5.5


Calculation of normal production per acre is shown in Table 2. Note that the proportion-of-trees-
by-age column only adds to 91 percent since 9 percent of the trees are non-bearing.



Table 2.--Calculation of normal production per acre, 2000-01

Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes

Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. age age ---------- No. ----------
3 years 112 x 0.03 = 3.3 x 0.6 = 2.0
4 years 112 x 0.03 = 3.3 x 0.9 = 3.0
5-19 years 112 x 0.45 = 50.4 x 3.8 = 191.5
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 112 x 0.03 = 3.3 x 3.0 = 9.9

20 years 112 x 0.37 = 41.8 x 5.5 = 229.9
Total boxes = 436.3


aProportion adds up to 0.91
reset, 1 and 2 year old trees).


(91 percent) as 9 percent of the trees were non-bearing (pulled and


BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS


The estimated budget costs and returns for the Central Florida grove situation are shown in Table
3. The budgeted costs represent one possible citrus production program and were selected from the costs
shown in the ADDENDA tables. The gross revenue estimates are based on the projected yields in
Table 3 and estimated preliminary on-tree prices for the 2000-01 season. Historical on-tree prices for
selected Florida citrus varieties are shown in Table 14-A of the ADDENDA.









As shown in Table 3, the total revenue for processed-market Valencia oranges is estimated to be
$1,805.04 per acre. Total specified costs are $806.85 and are comprised of grove care costs of $758.85,
plus management cost of $48.00. Return to land and trees of $998.19 represents net return above variable
costs. At 300 and 500 boxes per acre, respectively, the break-even price required to cover grove care
costs for Valencia oranges range from $2.53 to $1.52 per box on-tree and $0.68 to $0.53 per pounds
solids delivered-in.
Ad valorem taxes, and overhead and administrative costs (such as water drainage district taxes, crop
insurance, and other grower assessments) can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These
costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, variety of fruit, etc. and should be considered
in arriving at net return to land, trees and ownership (total return minus total costs). Harvest costs (pick,
roadside, and hauling costs) also add to the total fruit cost delivered to either a processing plant or fresh
fruit packinghouse. Also, average annual debt payment (principal and interest) may be as high as $440
per acre ($3,750 average debt per acre @ 10 percent interest amortized over 20 years) which would
reduce total available cash for grove expansion or other investment.
An estimated "delivered-in" costs are shown for processed oranges in Table 4. "Delivered-in" costs
include grove care costs (Table 3) plus harvesting, regulatory, and grower assessment costs. The
"delivered-in" cost is presented as a cost per acre, per box, and per pound solids. Three possible budget
cost scenarios are presented (Refer to Table 13-A): 1) Low Cost Processed Cultural Program; 2) Reduced
Cost Cultural Program; and 3) Typical/Historical Cultural Program. Scenarios 1 and 2 represent costs
of two possible cultural programs directed toward reducing the expenditures for fruit grown primarily for
the processed market. The third scenario represents typical costs of grove practices which have been
performed for citrus grown for the fresh/processed fruit market. Modified herbicide and/or spray and
fertilizer programs account for the reduced costs. NOTE: Before modifying a grove management
program to reduce costs, an evaluation of the market program (processed or fresh), yield, and specific
cultural problems (nutrition, disease, etc.) for the specific grove site should be made.


HISTORICAL COST TRENDS

Annual budgets of costs and returns for mature, processed Valencia oranges in the Central Florida
area have been developed and published the past four years. Estimated cost and return histories for
1996-97 through 1999-00 along with 2000-01, and a five-year average are presented in Table 5. To allow
comparisons in current values, these same costs and returns, adjusted to 2001 dollars, are presented in
Table 6.







Table 3.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing for the processed market, Central Florida area, 2000-01'

Item Description Amount Your cost

--------------------- Dollars -----------
I. Revenue 436 boxes @ $4.14b 1,805.04
II. Expenses'

Weed control
Discing 2 times per year 17.94
Mow middles 4 times per year 43.00
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 22.78
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Program #1, #2 & #7) 121.85 205.57
Spray program (Table I-A, Programs #2, #9 & #11) 130.07
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #3) 147.56
Dolomite (Table 6-A, Program #2) 8.83
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($370.00/hr. 10 A/hr.) + 2.5 yrs. 14.80
Remove brush from trees ($22.92/A 2.5 yrs.) 9.17
Hedging ($343.33/hr. 10 A/hr.) 2 yrs. 17.17
Mow/chop brush ($8.00/A 2 yrs.) 4.00 45.14
Tree replacement and care (Table 12-A) (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees/stack/bum 3 trees per acre 14.94
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 3 trees per acre 26.45
Supplemental fertilizer, tree wraps, maintenance,
sprout, etc. Including application 29.67 71.06
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 7-A, Program #4) 150.62 __
Total grove care expenses 758.85

III. Management $4.00 per acre per monthd 48.00 _

IV. Total specified costs' 806.85

V. Return to land, trees, and ownership 998.19

VI. Break-even price for total grove care expenses

Boxes per acre Boxes per acre
300 350 400 450 500 300 350 400 450 500

$ On-tree price per box S Delivered-in price per pound solids'
2.53 2.17 1.90 1.69 1.52 0.68 0.63 0.59 0.56 0.53

'Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table 3 are representative for a mature Central Florida Valencia orange grove, the grove care costs for a specific grove site may
differ depending upon the grove practices performed; e.g., a Temik application would add $131.00 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza would double the tree replacement and care
costs; travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of citrus grove and distance from grove equipment barn.
bOn-tree price per box is preliminary; assumes price for processed oranges only. Also, the severe drought affected yields for the 2000-01 season.
'Assumes material custom applied; therefore, a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to material cost.
dOther methods to estimate a management cost--e.g., 5% of gross revenue or 10% of total grove care costs--are used in the industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land
and trees than reported here.
'Other cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes and interest on grove investment. In addition to these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water
drainage/district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and
time of purchase or grove establishment.
'Assumes 6.8 pounds solids per box and $1.95 pick and haul cost per box (including canker decontamination costs) and Department of Citrus advertising assessment of $0.175 per box.








Table 4.--Estimated total delivered-in cost for Central Florida (Ridge) Valencia oranges grown for the processed market under three cultural cost
programs, 2000-01
Represents a mature (10+ years old) Processed Valencia Oranges Processed Valencia Oranges Fresh/Processed Valencia Oranges
Central Florida (Ridge) Orange Grove Low Cost Reduced Cost Typical/Historical
Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Program
$/Acre $/Box $/P.S. $/Acre $/Box $/P.S. $/Acre $/Box $/P.S.
Total Production/Cultural Costs $ 699.76 $1.605 $0.2360 $ 758.85 $1.740 $0.2560 $ 818.04 $1.876 $0.2759

Interest on Operating (Cultural) Costs 34.99 0.080 0.0118 37.94 0.087 0.0128 40.90 0.094 0.0138

Management Costs 48.00 0.110 0.0162 48.00 0.110 0.0162 48.00 0.110 0.0162

Taxes/Regulatory Costs:
Property Tax and Water Management Tax 58.92 0.132 0.0193 58.92 0.132 0.0193 58.92 0.132 0.0193
Canker Decontamination Costs 27.72 0.064 0.0093 27.72 0.064 0.0093 27.72 0.064 0.0093

Total Direct Grower Costs $ 841.67 $1.927 $0.2834 $ 931.43 $2.133 $0.3136 $965.86 $2.212 $0.3252

Interest on Average Capital Investment Costs 375.85 0.862 $0.1267 375.85 0.862 0.1267 375.85 0.862 0.1268

Total Grower Costs $1,217.52 $2.789 $0.4101 $1,307.28 $2.995 $0.4403 $1,341.71 $3.074 $0.4520

Harvesting and Assessment Costs:
Pick/Spot Pick, Roadside & Haul and
Canker Decontamination Costs 850.20 1.950 0.2868 850.20 1.950 0.2868 850.20 1.950 0.2868
DOC Assessment 76.30 0.175 0.0257 76.30 0175 0.0257 76.30 0.175 0.0257

Total Harvesting and Assessment Costs 926.50 2.125 0.3125 926.50 2.125 0.3125 926.50 2.125 0.3125

Total Delivered-In Cost $214402 $.9 $ $223378 5.120 0.7528 $2.268.21 $5.199 $0.7645


P.S. = Pound Solids Refer to cultural program shown Refer to cultural program shown A Fall Miticide Spray added to the
Yield: 436 boxes/acre @ 6.8 P.S. per box in Table 13-A. in Table 3. cultural program shown in Table 3.
112 trees per acre
Only summer spray with oil,
copper, Agri-mek & nutritional.











Table 5.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus
for processing in the Central Florida area, 1996-97-2000-01


On-tree Gross Total grove Total specified Net return to land,
Year price/box" Yield revenue care expenses costs' trees, and ownership

------------------------------------------ Dollars -------------------------------------
1996-97 $4.04 433 1,749.32 756.93 804.93 944.39

1997-98 $4.90 433 2,121.70 765.65 813.65 1,308.05

1998-99 $5.32 448' 2,383.36 770.79 818.79 1,565.11

1999-00 $4.50 448c 2,016.00 783.43 831.43 1,184.57

2000-01 $4.14b 436d 1,805.04 758.85e 806.85 998.19

5-yr. avg. $4.58 439 2,010.62 767.13 815.13 1,195.49

aOn-tree prices for processed oranges only as reported by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
bPreliminary estimate by authors at time of printing and is not a published price.

cHigher per acre yield is due to increased average tree density of Valencia citrus groves in Central Florida.
dThe severe drought affected yields for the 2000-01 season.

'Two summer oil sprays (one with nutritional) were used in the 2000-01 budget estimates resulting in a reduced total grove care cost per
acre.
'A management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included.











Table 6.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns (adjusted to 2001 dollars) for a mature, Valencia
orange grove producing citrus for processing in the Central Florida area, 1996-97-2000-01


Adjusted
Inflation on-tree Gross Total specified Net return to land,
Year factor index' price/box Yield revenue costs trees, and ownership

------------------------------ Dollars ----------------------
1996-97 108.0 $4.36 433 1,887.88 869.32 1,018.56

1997-98 110.8 $5.43 433 2,351.19 901.52 1,449.67

1998-99 109.8 $5.84 448 2,616.32 899.03 1,717.29

1999-00 103.8 $4.67 448 2,092.16 863.02 1,229.14

2000-01 100.0 $4.14 436 1,805.04 806.85 998.19

5-yr. avg. -- $4.89 439 2,146.71 867.95 1,278.76

'Producer price index for each year adjusted to 2001 prices (2001 = 100), with 2001 producer price index estimated to be 137.8. Producer
price index for other years are: 1997 = 127.6; 1998 = 124.4; 1999 = 125.5; and 2000 = 132.7.

bA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included.
(Refer to Table 5.)






10

REFERENCES


1. Citrus Summary 1999-00. Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. Florida Agricultural Statistics.

2. Knapp, J. L. (Ed.). 2001 Florida Citrus Pest Management Guide. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP
43. Gainesville: Jan. 2001.

3. Muraro, Ronald P. "A Listing ofEstimated Comparative Central Florida (Ridge) Citrus Production
Costs Per Acre for 2000-01." Lake Alfred Citrus Research and Education Center (CREC) Report.
Lake Alfred, FL: June 2001.

4. "Cost for Establishing, Planting, and Maintaining a Citrus Grove through Four Years of
Age, North Florida Area." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: March 1990.

5. "Estimated Cost of Planting and Maintaining a Reset Citrus Tree through Three Years of
Age." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: December 2000.

6. "A Listing of 2001 Custom Rates Reported by Thirty-three Ridge Citrus Caretakers."
Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: June 2001.

7. Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Age. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8. Gainesville: 1960.

8. Tucker, D. P. H., A. K. Alva, L. K. Jackson, and T. A. Wheaton (Eds.). Nutrition of Florida Citrus
Trees. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP 169. Gainesville: 1995. 61 pp.










ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Programs for Central Florida Citrus Production for Both
Round Oranges and Grapefruita
Page

Table 1-A. Spray programs .. ................................................. 12
Post bloom spray ................................................... 12
Summer spray ............... ..................................... 13
Fall spray ....................................................... 14

Table 2-A. Herbicide ............................... ......................... 15

Table 3-A. Dry fertilizer ...................................... ............... 17

Table 4-A. Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application) ............................. 18

Table 5-A. Nematicides ................................................. .. 18

Table 6-A. Soil amendment ............... ..................................... 19

Table 7-A. Irrigation--annual cost per acre .................................... 19
Permanent overhead ................................................ 19
M icrosprinkler .................................................. 19

Table 8-A. A listing of 2001 custom rates reported by thirty-three Ridge citrus caretakers ... 20

Table 9-A. 2001 summary of average chemical price estimates ........................ 22

Table 10-A. 2001 summary of average fertilizer price estimates ......................... 24

Table 11-A. Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four years
of age, North Florida area ........................................... 26

Table 12-A. Estimated cost of planting and maintaining a reset citrus tree through three years
of age, December 2000 .......................................... 27

Table 13-A. A listing of estimated comparative Central Florida (Ridge) citrus production
costs per acre for 2000-01 ............................................. 28

Table 14-A. Historic prices for selected citrus varieties ............................... 29

Table 15-A. Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity .......... 30

Abbreviations for important chemicals are:
B = Boron Fe = Iron Mn = Manganese Zn = Zinc
Cu = Copper Mg = Magnesium N = Nitrogen

"The costs in the ADDENDA represent a custom managed operation. Therefore, all equipment costs
are based upon the average custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added
to the material cost.










Table 1-A.--Spray programs


POST BLOOM SPRAY


Spray Program #1


Spray Program #2

(Scab/melanose)


Spray Program #3


Spray Program #4


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Cu (50% metallic)
Zn
Mn

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Zn
Mn
Micromite 25WP

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 50WP
Zn
Mn

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
10 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs

150 gals


Cost/Acre

$11.95
12.40
4.35
3.40

25.77


$57.87


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre

10 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs
1.25 lbs

150 gals


Cost/Acre

$12.40
4.35
3.40
40.81

25.77


$86.73


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$18.60
27.42


28.55


$74.57


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs
6 pts

250 gals


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$33.42
4.35
3.40

25.77


$66.94


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #5

(Scale insects)


SUMMER SPRAY


Spray Program #6


Spray Program #7


Spray Program #8


Materials/Ingredients

Lorsban 4EC

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Cu (50% material)
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Agri-Mek
Cu (50% material)

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

5 pts

500 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$28.90

32.94


$61.84


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
7 lbs
6.0 pts

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$11.95
8.68
27.42

28.55


$76.60


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
5 pts

500 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$11.95
22.85

32.94


$67.74


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
10 ozs
7 lbs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$11.95
45.40
8.68

28.55


$94.68


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

SUMMER SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #9


Materials/Ingredients
Oil 97+%
Agri-Mek
Cu (50% material)
Ground Application
(engine driven)
Total per Application


Spray Program #10


Spray Program #11


Materials/Ingredients
Oil 97+%

Ground Application
(engine driven)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Cu (50% metallic)

Oil 97+%
Zn
Mn
B

Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)
Total per Application


FALL SPRAY


Spray Program #12


Materials/Ingredients
Kelthane MF
Spray Buffer
Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
5 ozs
7 lbs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$11.95
22.70
8.68
28.55


$71.88


Amount
/Acre

7 gals
250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$16.73
28.55


$45.28


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre
7 lbs

5 gals
5 lbs
10 lbs
0.25 lbs

250 gals


Cost/Acre
$ 8.68
11.95
4.35
3.40
1.26

28.55


$58.19


Amount
/Acre
6 pts
Ipt
150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$26.82
1.96
25.77


$54.55


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --









Table l-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

FALL SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #13


Spray Program #14


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 50WP

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Thiolux (Sulfur)

Ground Application

Total per Application


Table 2-A.--Herbicide


Herbicide Program #1

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #2

(Strip/band)


Materials

Solicam 80 DF
Karmex WP
Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Surflan A80 DF
Simazine 4L
Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

3 lbs
4 lbs
2 qts


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$23.72
8.84
10.24

13.18


$55.48


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
4 qts
2 qts


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$18.62
7.12
10.24

13.18


$49.16


Herbicide Program #3

(Strip/band)


Materials

Karmex WP
Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/ Cost/
Treated Acre Grove Acre"

4 lbs $ 8.84
2 qts 10.24

13.18


$32.26


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$33.42

25.77


$59.19


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 9.90

25.77

$35.67


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #4

(Strip/band)


Materials

Roundup Ultra

Ammonium Sulfate

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts

17 lbs


Cost/
Grove Acrea

$10.24


1.19


13.18


$24.61


Herbicide Program #5

(Strip/band)


Amount/
Materials Treated Acre


Roundup Ultra
Princep (Caliber 90))

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


2 qts
4 lbs


Herbicide Program #6

(Strip/band)


Materials

Direx 4L
Solicam
Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

3 qts
3 lbs
2 qts


Herbicide Program #7

(Spot herbicide for
grass/brush regrowth
under trees.)


Amount/
Materials Treated Acre


Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


2 qts

15 gals


'With respect to herbicide materials, Amount Per Grove Acre does not equal Amount Per Treated Acre
shown on the label as only a strip or band is being treated. In this report, it is assumed that only 50% or one-half
of a grove acre is being treated.


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$10.24
7.16

13.18


$30.58


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$ 7.59
23.72
10.24


13.18


$54.73


Cost/
Grove Acrea

$10.24

6.97


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


$17.21


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer


Program #1
(162 lbs N/Acre)


Program #2
(180 lbs N/Acre)


Program #3
(204 lbs N/Acre)


Program #4
(225 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied
12-2-12-2.4 MgO

Application
Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
16-0-16-4 MgO
Application
Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
16-0-16-4 MgO
Application
Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
15-2-15-2.4 MgO
Application
Total for 3 Applications


Amount
/Acre
1350 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre
1125 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre
1275 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre
1500 lbs
3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$106.65
23.88
$130.53


Your
Cost/Acre







Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$109.13
23.88
$133.01


Cost/Acre
$123.68
23.88
$147.56


Cost/Acre

$135.00
23.88
$158.88


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


~










Table 4-A.--Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application)
Analysis/Material
Program #1 Applied

(180 lbs N/Acre) 10-0-10
Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Program #2

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Program #3

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Table 5-A.--Nematicides


Program #1


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-2-10

Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs

3 times


Analysis/Material Amount
Applied /Acre

10-0-10 1800 lbs
Solicam 80 DF 3 lbs*
Karmex WP 4 lbs*
Double Boom Application 3 times

Total for 3 Applications

*Treated acre (one herbicide application)


Analysis/Material
Applied

Temik 15G

Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

33 lbs


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs

3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$118.80

39.93

$158.33


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$127.80

39.93

$167.33


Cost/Acre

$118.80
23.72
8.84

39.93

$190.96


Cost/Acre

$117.15

13.85

$131.00


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --









Table 6-A.--Soil amendment


Program #1

(Every 3 years)


Analysis/Material
Applied
Dolomite (Delivered)
Application
Total for 1 Application
(Average 1/3 Ton Applied/Yr)


Program #2
(Every 4 years)


Analysis/Material
Applied
Dolomite (Delivered)
Application
Total for 1 Application
(Average 1/4 Ton Applied/Yr)


Amount
/Acre
1 ton

1 time


Cost/Acre

$26.97
8.34

$35.31
$ 8.83


Your
Cost/Acre


Table 7-A.--Irrigation--annual cost per acre


PERMANENT OVERHEAD



Operating


Maintenance of System
Total Cash Expenses
Fixed Depreciation Expense
Total Cash and Fixed Expenses


Program #1
(Electric)
$ 97.60
40.17
$137.77
55.73
$193.50


MICROSPRINKLER*


Operating


Maintenance of System
Total Cash Expenses
Fixed Depreciation Expense
Total Cash and Fixed Expenses


Program #3
(Electric)
$46.12
42.09
$ 88.21
52.94
$141.15


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #2
(Diesel)
$ 79.27
42.75
$122.02
59.54
$181.56


Program #4

(Diesel)
$ 38.82
44.79

$ 83.61
56.56
$140.17


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


*Higher fuel costs over the last two years along with the extended drought situation has resulted in an
increase in irrigation applications and operating costs about $10.45 above average costs shown.


Amount
/Acre
I ton
1 time


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$26.97
8.34
$35.31
$11.77


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--










Table 8-A.--A listing of 2001 custom rates reported by thirty-three ridge citrus caretakers

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported RateY Comments


CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT:
Hand Hoe/Hand Labor
Mechanic Labor
Rotovate
Disc 7'
Disc 7'
Disc 9'-10'
Disc 9'-10'
Chop
Chop
Mow 5'-7'
Mow 9'-12'
Mow 5'-7'
Mow 9'-12'
Mow 15'-16'
Herbicide' (Strip/Band--Single Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Single Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band--Double Boom)
Herbicide (Piggy Back Appl.)
Herbicide' (Chemical Mow)
Temik'
Plow
Deviner
Bush Hog
Pickup Truck with Driver
Flatbed Transport Truck with Driver
Low-Boy Transport
Tractor with Driver
Water/Supply Truck

SPRAYING:
Tree-See Air Blast Sprayer (engine driven)
Engine Driven Airblast Sprayer (1000 gal tank)


500 GPA
250 GPA
125 GPA
100 GPA

Aerial (Bell-47 Helicopter)

FERTILIZE AND SOIL AMENDMENTS:'
Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation System
Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation System
Liquid Boom Application:
Double Boom
Dry (Bulk)
Lime or Dolomite
Lime or Dolomite
Fertilize Young Trees:' Hand Spread
Fert. Spreader

IRRIGATION:

Microsprinkler

Microsprinkler
Freeze Protection with Irrigation
ATV with Driver
Ring Young Trees: Hand Labor
Mechanical
Ditch Mower

REMOVING TREES:
Tree Shearing (Cutting Tree at Ground Level)
Front End Loader
Bulldozer


Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Acre
Hour
Acre
Hour
Acre
Hour
Hour
Acre
Acre
Acre
Hour
Acre
Acre
Acre
Acre
Acre
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour


$ 9.00-
25.00-
26.70-
27.00-
7.00-
28.50-
7.00-
24.50-
7.00-
25.00-
29.00-
8.50-
8.50-
9.00-
28.00-
11.50-
11.00-
12.00-
5.00-
12.00-
27.50-
28.50-
25.50-
20.00-
30.00-
50.00-
25.00-
25.00-


$15.00 $11.39 Plus transportation
40.00 31.54 Includes truck
41.60 32.85
35.00 30.13
10.00 8.85 One-way discing
36.50 31.39
12.00 8.97 One-way discing
35.80 28.47
12.00 8.74 One-way chopping
35.00 30.43
37.13 30.83
12.00 10.79
12.50 10.28
12.00 10.75
30.00 28.53 Plus materials
16.00 13.40 Plus materials
15.00 13.18 Plus materials; Avg. $32.37/hour
15.75 13.55 Plus materials
8.25 6.97 Plus materials
16.00 13.85 Plus materials; Fumigate @$7.50/acre
30.00 28.55
30.00 29.38
40.10 31.88
33.00 25.61 Avg. miles/year/pickup: 28,553
40.00 37.05 Average $87.50/trip; Avg. miles/year: 26,875
75.00 58.75
35.00 28.73
35.00 30.95


$ 15/hour //Curtec Sprayer $17.60/acre @ 22 GPA
$140/tank @ 250 GPA

AIR BLAST SPRAYER
Engine Driven PTO Powered

Acre 30.00- 35.75 32.94 29.25- 32.00 30.42
Acre 25.00- 33.00 28.55 22.00- 27.50 24.74
Acre 22.50- 26.50 24.67 18.00 23.00 20.89
Acre 17.60- 20.00 19.16

$10.00 @ 5 GPA; $15.00 @ 10 GPA; $16.00 @ 15 GPA; $21.00 @ 20 GPA


Average with
"Tree See: Technology
$35.00/acre
$30.00/acre
$25.00/acre
$22.50/acre


Hour $25.00- $35.00 $29.36 Truck plus labor
Acre 2.00- 3.50 2.88 Average $60.00/irrigation injection hookup


12.00-
6.20-
7.00-
7.25-
9.00-
25.00-


15.00 13.31 Single boom average $14.25/acre
10.00 7.96 Average $29.70/hour
10.00 8.34
9.50 8.56
15.00 11.39 Plus transportation and materials
33.70 29.18 Plus materials; average $6.87/acre


Avg. $3.25/acre; Avg. $25.00/month; Start/stop and supervision
Avg. $19.29/trip
Hour 25.00- 35.00 28.75 Start/stop and supervision; truck and driver
$45.00 per night per system; $25.00 per night per system to monitor weather and have employees standing-by
Hour 15.00- 24.00 19.94 Check/repair microsprinkler irrigation system-plus materials
Hour 9.00- 15.00 11.39 Labor plus equipment
Hour 24.20- 28.50 26.02


Hour


- 50.00


Hour $50.00 $55.00 $52.40 Avg. trees sheared: 10 to 25 trees/hour; Solid-set: 1,600 trees/day
Hour 45.00 55.00 50.97 Average trees removed: 5 to 15 trees/hour
Hour 48.50


(OVER)












Table 8-A.--A listing of 2001 custom rates reported by thirty-three ridge citrus caretakers (cont'd.)

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate' Comments


PRUNING:
General Pruning (Rehab)
Power Saw with Operator
Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer (Double Sided)
Hedging:
Single Side (Tractor Mounted)
Single Side (Tractor Pulled)
Double Side (Tractor Pulled)
Double Side (Tractor Mounted)
Double Side (Self Propelled)'
Double Side (Self Propelled)"
Topping:
Tractor Mounted
Tractor Pulled
Tractor Pulled
SelfPropelled
SelfPropelled
Double Boom (Self Propelled)
Removing Brush:
Haul Brush out of Grove

Front-end Loader (Push Brush)
Chop/Mow Brush

COLD PROTECTION:
Mechanical (Bank and Unbank)
Install Wraps

OTHER CUSTOM RATES:
Plant Resets
Solid Set Planting
Travel/Setup Charge
Grove Management Charge/Month:
Supervising Grove Care Operations
Handling Fruit Marketing
Supervising/Handling Chemicals/Fertilizer

Charge for personnel to oversee harvesting
operations and coordinate harvest in different
blocks/groves and keeping of harvesting labor
compliance record.

Consulting


Per Tree 5 3.00- $ 5.00 $ 3.81
Hour 16.60- 25.00 18.83
Hour 200.00


Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour

Hour


75.00-
80.00-
80.00-

330.00-
275.00-




350.00-
275.00


100.00
90.00
82.50

360.00
315.00




390.00
310.00


87.50
85.00
81.25
210.00
343.33
296.67

190.00
100.00
355.00
370.00
292.50
550.00


Depending upon trees/acre requiring pruning
Plus transportation
Cover 9-18 acres one pass

Cover 2-5 acres/hour

Cover 3-5 acres/hour

Cover 10-25 acres/hour depending on wood size
Cover 4-12 acres/hour depending on wood size


Cover 1-3 acres/hour

Cover 5-10 acres/hr (Roof Top); 5-20 acres/hr (Flat Top)

Cover 2-12 acres/hr (RoofTop); 15-30 acres/hr (Flat Top)


35.80 Tractor-trailer/truck, driver plus 1 person; plus 2 people
average $48.75/hour
46.40- 55.00 51.67 2-10 acres/hour
28.00- 37.50 32.72 3-6 acres/hour; Averaged $8.00/acre


$ $5- $ 23.75
0.25 0.50 0.33


Per Tree $ 1.75- $2.50 $ 2.19
Per Tree 1.10- 1.50 1.27
Hour 27.00


Acre 1.50-
Box 0.10-
10% to 20% of materials cost


Stake, plant and first watering
Stake, plant and first watering
Average for those reporting


5.50 2.93 In addition to caretaking charges
0.25 0.14 5% of gross; $40/acre annually


5/box to 180/box; average I l/box


Cultural Management/Horticultural Evaluation/Email Analysis Prospectus S50/hr to $100/hr;
One Reporting $600/day


Total Reported Acreage Provided Grove
Service to:


2,463 Total acres reporting: 66,507


'Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor and sprayer; supply truck included by most caretakers.
YCalculated by dividing the total number of caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all charges.
"Low acres is for 2 years regrowth hedging; high acres is for annual maintenance hedging.

Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, Lake Alfred CREC, June 2001.


300- 13,498









Table 9-A.-2001 summary of average chemical price estimates

Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (2001)


Fungicides: Abound
Aliette 80WP
Benlate
Basic Copper Sulfate (53%)
Copper (50%) (Kocide 101)
Carbamate 76WP
Ferbam Granuflo 76%
Enable 2F
Nu-Cop 50DF
Oil 435 or 455
Ridomil Gold Granular
Ridomil Gold EC
Insecticides/Nematicides:


Admire 2F
Agri-Mek (0.15EC)
Bacillus thuringienses
Capture
Clinch Fire Ant Bait
Comite 6.55 EC
Danitol
Ethion
Guthion 50WP
Kelthane MF
Lorsban 4EC
Lorsban 15G
Malathion 5 EC
Metasystox-R
Micromite 25WP
Microthiol 80DF
Nexter WP
Sevin 80S
Sevin XLR
Sulphur 6F
Temik 15G
Thiolux 80 DF
Vendex 50W


gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
40 oz.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.


gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.


230.00
9.83
15.61
1.13
1.75
3.72
3.52
52.00
1.98
2.17
4.98
631.31


533.37
594.58
9.94
400.00
8.54
80.32
155.00
33.20
9.44
32.47
42.01
1.82
20.99
68.53
29.68
0.64
102.54
4.77
25.94
4.15
3.23
0.60
15.19









Table 9-A.--2001 summary of average chemical price estimates (cont'd.)

Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (2001)
Herbicides: Direx 4L gal. 18.43
Direx 80 DF lb. 3.78
Fusilade DX gal. 122.71
Goal 2XL gal. 95.08
Gramoxone (Paraquat) gal. 32.35
Hyvar X lb. 17.36
Karmex lb. 4.02
Krovar I lb. 10.83
Mandate 2E gal. 179.75
Poast Plus 1.0 EC gal. 56.00
Princep (Caliber 90) lb. 3.25
Princep 4L gal. 14.09
Rodeo (30 gal drum) gal. 81.55
Roundup (30 gal drum) gal. 33.32
Roundup Ultra (30 gal drum) gal. 37.20
Simazine 90 DF lb. 2.68
Simazine 4L gal. 12.98
Solicam 80 DF lb. 14.37
Surflan AS gal. 67.66
Touchdown gal. 50.35
Growth Regulators:
Citrus Fix gal. 278.37
Pro-Gibb 3.91% 32 oz. bottle 41.04
Tre-Hold gal. 73.17
Other Spray Materials:
Borates (15%) lb. 0.69
Manganese (32%) lb. 0.31
Zinc (78%) lb. 0.79
Nutritional Spray Mix:
Dyna Gold MZF gal. 6.94


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University of
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, June 2001.









Table 10-A.--2001 summary of average fertilizer price estimates


Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (2001)

FERTILIZER (FOB Price @ Plant)
$
Dry Mix (Bulk)
17-0-17-3g ton 177.47
17-4-17-2.4g ton 178.94
16-0-16 ton 162.18
16-0-16-4Mg ton 177.03
16-2-16-3,g ton 175.41
15-2-15-2.4g ton 163.28
12-2-12-2.4Mg ton 143.99
8-8-8 w/minors* ton 126.04
8-4-8 w/minors* ton 126.78
8-2-8 w/minors* ton 119.98
6-6-6 w/minors* ton 111.49

Liquid Mix (Bulk)
8-2-8 ton 101.25
8-4-8 ton 109.72
9-3-9 ton 112.57
9-4-9 ton 117.39
10-0-10 ton 109.39
10-2-10 ton 117.46
12-0-6 ton 107.69
12-3-6 ton 120.93

*With organic nitrogen, the price averaged 25% higher.








Table 10-A.--2001 summary of average fertilizer price estimates (cont'd.)


Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (2001)

Other Fertilizer Materials (Bulk)
Ammonium Nitrate (21% N Liquid) ton 127.73
Ammonium Nitrate (33.5% N Dry) ton 192.96
Ammonium Sulfate (21% N) ton 126.94
Calcium Nitrate (19% Ca, 15.5% N) ton 219.91
Dolomite (at mine--49% CaCO3, 36% MgCO3) ton 16.02
Muriate of Potash (60% K20) ton 153.46
Potassium Nitrate (14% N; 46% K20) ton 357.82
Sul-Po-Mag (SPM--21.9% K20) ton 170.50
Super Phosphate (20% P205) ton 149.23
Triple Superphosphate (48% P20O) ton 163.44
Urea ton 336.00
Average Delivery Cost ton 10.95

Foliar Macronutrients
N-Sure 28-0-0 (72% SRN)** gal. 7.74
Phos Might 0-22-20 gal. 27.40
Nutriphite 0-28-26 gal. 39.13


**SRN, Slow Release Nitrogen

SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University of
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, June 2001.









Table 11-A.--Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four years of age, North Florida area

Cost Per Acre
Range Average
$ $
Land Cost 2,500-4,500 3,450
Land Preparation (clearing, disking, leveling) 275- 7002 350
Soil Amendments: Dolomite 1 ton 35
Super Phosphate, 400 lbs. 30
Cover Crop 9- 16 12
Irrigation System: Microsprinkler -- with Well3 850-1,650 1,350
-- without Well 525-1,250 975
Water Permits, Environmental Studies, and Engineering: Cost 35- 80 50
Time in Months 3- 8 6
Percent Land Utilization: Planted to Citrus 90%- 97% 95%
Roads and Service Areas 3%- 10% 5%
North Florida
Year
1 2 3 4

Solidset Planted Trees4 ------------------ Cost Per Tree ------------
Microsprinkler Irrigation and Ditch Maintenance $0.37 $0.45 $0.55 $0.65
Fertilize Tree 0.25 0.40 0.55 0.57
Supplemental Fertilization thru Irrigation 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.29
Spray 0.42 0.55 0.65 0.75
Insulated Tree Wrap (annual maintenance) 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.00
Sprouting (labor) 0.20 0.20 0.00 0.00
Cultivation/Mowing 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40
Herbicide 0.45 0.45 0.45 0.45
Ridomil/Aliette 0.35 0.35 0.00 0.00
Miscellaneous 0.43 0.49 0.47 0.47
Total Cost Per Year $3.27 $3.74 $3.57 $3.58
Reset Trees (annual additional grove care costs) $2.13 $2.47 $1.84
Cost of Planting Trees5 Solidset = $6.75 Reset = $8.05
'Land cost will vary from one county to another as well as from one parcel to another.

2Includes fumigation cost of $330 per acre.

3Irrigation costs include distribution system, power unit and well (where indicated.) The higher cost ranges reported
also included a cost for fertigation equipment.

4The per tree costs shown are applicable for tree densities of 145 to 165 trees per acre. The per tree costs should be
decreased for higher density plantings and increased for lower density plantings; e.g., at 200 trees per acre decrease
costs by 15%; at 115 trees per acre increase costs by 15%.

5Tree cost (bare root) = $3.25; stake, plant, and water tree = $1.25 (solidset) and $2.55 (resets); and insulated tree wrap
= $2.25.

Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, March 1990.








Table 12-A.--Estimated cost of planting and maintaining a reset citrus tree through three years of age,
December 2000
Number of Resets/Replacement Trees Per Acre
1-2 3-5 6-10 11-25 26+
---------------- Cost Per Tree -----------
Year #1: $ $ $ $ $
Tree Removal 5.73 4.98 3.98 3.22 2.57
Tree Cost (Container Tree) 4.50 4.50 4.35 4.25 4.25
Site Preparation" 5.40 4.68 3.97 3.67 2.88
Plant Tree and First Watering 3.28 2.40 2.08 1.74 1.31
Total Planting Cost 13.18 11.58 10.40 9.66 8.44
Supplemental Fertilization 4 Times
(Application & Materials) 1.28 1.11 1.02 0.93 0.85
Supplemental Spraying
(Application & Materials)b 0.48 0.41 0.38 0.35 0.32
Spot Herbicide (Application & Materials) 0.21 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.13
Tree Wrap (Corrugated) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Sprouting/Pruning 0.41 0.41 0.38 0.38 0.34
Miscellaneous 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.13
Supervision & Overhead 0.27 0.25 0.23 0.22 0.21
Total Tree Care Cost Year #1 3.82 3.52 3.32 3.16 2.98
Total Cost Year #1 22.73 20.08 17.70 16.04 13.99
Year #2:
Supplemental Fertilization 3 Times
(Application & Materials) 1.72 1.53 1.34 1.13 1.03
Supplemental Spraying
(Application & Materials)b 0.55 0.49 0.43 0.36 0.33
Spot Herbicide (Application & Materials) 0.20 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.13
Sprouting/Pruning 0.49 0.49 0.41 0.41 0.37
Miscellaneous 0.15 0.13 0.12 0.10 0.09
Supervision & Overhead 0.23 0.20 0.18 0.16 0.15
Total Cost Year #2 3.34 3.02 2.64 2.30 2.10
Year #3:
Supplemental Fertilization 3 Times
(Application & Materials) 2.34 2.09 1.79 1.53 1.30
Miscellaneous 0.12 0.10 0.09 0.08 0.06
Supervision & Overhead 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.12 0.10
Total Cost Year #3b 2.64 2.35 2.02 1.73 1.46
Total Three-Year Cumulative Costs 28.71 25.45 22.36 20.07 17.55

"Site preparation for bedded citrus grove; cost of root removal, rotovating/leveling tree planting site.
Fumigate planting site would cost approximately $2.50 per tree.
bAdditional spray costs may be incurred if leafminer is a problem.

SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, December 2000.









Table 13-A.--A listing of estimated comparative Central Florida (Ridge) citrus production costs per acre for 2000-2001z
Low Cost Processed and Typical/Historical
Costs represent a mature (10+years old) Processed Reduced Fresh Cost Fresh Fruit
Central Florida (Ridge) Orange Grove. Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Program

PRODUCTION/CULTURAL COSTS:Y
Weed Management/Control:
Discing (2 times per year) $17.94 $17.94 $17.94
Mechanical Mow Middles (4 times per year) 43.00 43.00 43.00
General Grove Work (2 labor hours per acre) 22.78 22.78 22.78
Herbicide (1/2 tree acre treated):
Application (2 applications) $26.36 $26.36 $26.36
Material 61.38 78.28 78.28
Spot Treatment (material/application) 17.21 17.21 17.21
Total Herbicide Cost 104.95 121.85 121.85
Spray
Summer Oil #1 (Processed @ 250 GPA)
or Post Bloom (Fresh @ 150 GPA):
Application 28.55 28.55 25.77
Material 73.88x 43.33 60.96
Total Spray Cost 102.43 71.88 86.73
Summer Oil #2: Application (250 GPA) 28.55 28.55
Material 29.64 43.33
Total Summer Oil Cost 58.19 71.88
Supplemental Fall Miticide:
Application (150 GPA) -- 25.77
Material 9.90
Total Supplemental Fall Miticide Cost -35.67
Fertilizer (Bulk): 3 Applications 23.88 23.88 23.88
Material (16-0-16-4 MgO @ 180 lbs N
per acre and 204 lbs N per acre) 109.13 123.68 123.68
Total Fertilizer Cost 133.01 147.56 147.56
Dolomite (one ton applied every 4 years)
Material/Application 8.83 8.83 8.83
Pruning: Topping ($37.00/A 2.5 yrs)' 14.80 14.80 14.80
Remove Brush from Trees after Topping
($22.92/A 2.5 yrs)" 9.17 9.17 9.17
Hedging ($34.33/A + 2 yrs)" 17.17 17.17 17.17
Chop/Mow Brush after Hedging ($8.00/A-2 yrs)" 4.00 4.00 4.00
Total Pruning Cost 45.14 45.14 45.14
Tree Replacement--I thru 3 years of age: (3 trees/acre)
Remove Trees: Pull, Stack & Bur 3 Trees with
Front-end Loader 14.94 14.94 14.94
Prepare Site & Plant Tree (includes 3 reset trees) 26.45 26.45 26.45
Supplemental Fertilizer, Tree Wraps Maintenance,
Sprout, etc. (Trees 1-3 years old) 29.67 29.67 29.67
Total Tree Replacement Cost 71.06 71.06 71.06
Irrigation: Microsprinkler System 150.62 150.62 150.62
IRRIGATED PROCESSED FRUIT PRODUCTION COSTS $699.76 $758.85
Fall Miticide: Application (150 GPA) 25.77 25.77
Material 33.42 33.42
Total Fall Miticide Cost 59.19 59.19
IRRIGATED FRESH FRUIT PRODUCTION COSTS $818.04 $882.25

zThe listed estimated comparative costs are for the example grove situation described in the Economic Information Report Series
entitled: "Budgeting Costs and Returns for Central Florida Citrus Production" and may not represent your particular grove situation in
Central Florida.

SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, University of Florida-IFAS, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL, June 2001.








Table 14-A.--Historic prices' for selected citrus varieties
Variety
Early and Seedless grapefruit
mid'-season Late season Temple All
Crop year oranges oranges oranges Tangerines Tangelos (white) (colored)


1961-62
1962-63
1963-64
1964-65
1965-66
1966-67
1967-68
1968-69
1969-70
1970-71
1971-72
1972-73
1973-74
1974-75
1975-76
1976-77
1977-78
1978-79
1979-80
1980-81
1981-82
1982-83
1983-84
1984-85
1985-86
1986-87
1987-88
1988-89
1989-90
1990-91
1991-92
1992-93
1993-94
1994-95
1995-96
1996-97
1997-98
1998-99
1999-00f


$1.93
2.17
4.43
2.57
1.44
0.81
1.86
1.56
1.15
1.10
1.98
1.43
1.38
1.46
1.69
1.89
3.90
4.44
3.59
3.67
4.27
4.88
5.09
7.30
3.92
4.56
6.72
6.63
6.01
5.38
5.44
3.23
3.76
3.25
3.62
3.18
2.81
4.35
3.20


$1.81
3.50
4.45
2.28
1.79
1.08
2.28
1.83
1.13
1.91
2.11
1.71
1.59
1.82
1.88
2.63
4.40
4.95
3.89
4.63
4.29
5.41
6.72
6.88
3.97
6.02
8.73
8.41
6.53
6.58
6.65
3.88
4.61
4.41
5.57
4.07
4.88
5.58
4.52


$2.17
3.09
4.45
2.77
1.80
0.88
2.79
2.22
1.47
1.91
1.95
1.95
1.64
1.68
1.79
2.16
3.92
4.89
2.89
4.21
4.01
3.99
5.34
5.59
3.01
3.60
5.69
5.46
5.64
6.31
6.51
2.99
2.73
3.47
4.44
3.22
3.07
5.12
2.62


$2.04
3.02
3.18
2.68
2.14
1.06
4.29
2.55
2.23
1.88
2.97
2.37
2.82
3.05
3.02
3.29
4.79
4.99
4.25
5.45
6.23
7.57
5.93
15.91
12.69
10.92
12.99
12.64
15.28
17.10
18.00
13.75
9.83
11.98
12.59
7.99
8.49
12.07
6.90


$3.36
4.66
4.83
4.00
2.85
1.64
3.22
2.47
1.13
1.04
1.69
1.39
1.25
1.45
1.42
1.42
3.29
3.90
2.87
3.92
3.58
4.37
4.28
7.08
4.06
3.72
5.58
6.31
5.10
6.11
7.16
3.31
2.38
2.64
3.63
2.19
1.66
4.53
2.73


$0.68
1.29
2.24
1.51
1.39
0.73
2.05
0.98
1.72
1.89
2.27
2.06
1.58
1.55
1.29
1.49
1.47
2.21
3.12
3.46
1.92
1.51
2.08
3.02
3.56
4.45
5.35
4.33
5.21
4.59
6.46
2.22
3.23
2.58
2.14
1.12
0.93
1.95
4.20


$0.86
1.81
2.54
1.82
1.64
0.94
2.48
1.15
1.92
2.15
2.69
2.53
2.12
2.59
2.23
2.04
2.09
3.13
3.80
4.22
2.80
3.20
4.05
4.84
4.98
5.80
5.93
4.71
6.30
6.85
6.87
3.11
3.38
1.66
1.77
1.91
1.50
2.65
3.85


aOn-tree average price per box (1-3/5 bushel box equivalent) for all methods of sale minus pick and haul
charges.


bNavel and Hamlin
'Parson Brown and Pineapple


dValencia


'Preliminary


'Marsh (white) or pink


Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.









Table 16-A.--Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity


Loan Interest rate paid on the loan
term
(years) 8.0% 8.5% 9.0% 9.5% 10.0% 10.5% 11.0% 11.5% 12.0% 12.5% 13.0% 13.5% 14.0% 14.5% 15.0%

1 926 922 917 913 909 905 901 897 893 889 885 881 877 873 870
2 1,783 1,771 1,759 1,747 1,754 1,724 1,713 1,701 1,690 1,679 1,668 1,657 1,647 1,636 1,626
3 2,577 2,554 2,531 2,509 2,487 2,465 2,444 2,423 2,402 2,381 2,361 2,341 2,322 2,302 2,283
4 3,312 3,276 3,240 3,204 3,170 3,136 3,102 3,070 3,037 3,006 2,974 2,944 2,914 2,884 2,855
5 3,993 3,941 3,890 3,840 3,791 3,743 3,696 3,650 3,605 3,561 3,517 3,475 3,433 3,392 3,352
6 4,623 4,554 4,486 4,420 4,355 4,292 4,230 4,170 4,111 4,054 3,998 3,942 3,889 3,836 3,784
7 5,206 5,119 5,033 4,950 4,868 4,789 4,712 4,640 4,564 4,492 4,423 4,355 4,288 4,224 4,160
8 5,747 5,639 5,535 5,433 5,335 5,239 5,146 5,056 4,968 4,882 4,799 4,718 4,639 4,562 4,487
9 6,247 6,119 5,995 5,875 5,759 5,646 5,537 5,431 5,328 5,228 5,132 5,038 4,946 4,858 4,772
10 6,710 6,561 6,418 6,279 6,145 6,015 5,889 5,768 5,650 5,536 5,426 5,319 5,216 5,116 5,019
11 7,139 6,969 6,805 6,647 6,495 6,348 6,207 6,070 5,938 5,810 5,687 5,568 5,453 5,341 5,234
12 7,536 7,345 7,161 6,984 6,814 6,650 6,492 6,341 6,194 6,054 5,918 5,787 5,660 5,538 5,421
13 7,904 7,691 7,487 7,291 7,103 6,923 6,750 6,583 6,424 6,270 6,122 5,979 5,842 5,710 5,583
14 8,244 8,010 7,786 7,572 7,367 7,170 6,982 6,801 6,628 6,462 6,302 6,149 6,002 5,861 5,724
15 8,559 8,304 8,061 7,828 7,606 7,394 7,191 6.997" 6,811 6,633 6,462 6,299 6,142 5,992 5,847
16 8,851 8,576 8,313 8,062 7,824 7,596 7,379 7,172 6,974 6,785 6,604 6,431 6,265 6,106 5,954
17 9,122 8,825 8,543 8,276 8,022 7,779 7,549 7,329 7,119 6,920 6,729 6,547 6,373 6,207 6,048
18 9,372 9,056 8,756 8,471 8,201 7,945 7,702 7,470 7,250 7,040 6,840 6,649 6,467 6,294 6,128
19 9,603 9,268 8,950 8,650 8,365 8,095 7,839 7,596 7,366 7,146 6,938 6,739 6,551 6,370 6,198
20 9,818 9,463 9,129 8,812 8,514 8,231 7,963 7.710' 7,469 7,241 7,025 6,819 6,623 6,437 6,259
25 10,675 10,234 9,823 9,438 9,077 8,739 8,422 8,123 7,843 7,579 7,330 7,095 6,873 6,663 6,464
30 11,258 10,747 10,274 9,835 9,427 9,047 8,868 8,364 8,055 7,766 7,496 7,242 7,003 6,778 6,566
35 11,655 11,088 10,567 10,087 9,644 9,234 8,855 8,503 8,175 7,870 7,586 7,320 7,070 6,836 6,617
40 11,925 11,315 10,757 10,247 9,779 9,348 8,951 8,587 8,244 7,928 7,634 7,361 7,105 6,866 6,642


"Example. Assumes a $10,000 after tax income at 11.5% interest rate and a 15-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $69,970
($6,997 x 10). At 11.5% interest rate and a 20-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $77,100 ($7,710 x 10).