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Budgeting costs and returns
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 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Budgeting costs and returns for Central Florida citrus production
Budgeting costs and returns for for <sic> Central Florida citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1996
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Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Marketing -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
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General Note: Title varies slightly: <1992-93>- Budgeting costs and returns for Central Florida Citrus Production.
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i (MULTIPLE)
    Acknowledgements
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Reference
        Page 10
    Addenda
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
Full Text

z-2: 17--5


Ronald P. Muraro
Thomas W. Oswalt
H. Max Still


Budgeting Costs and Returns
for Central Florida Citrus
Production, 1996-97


UNIVERSITY OF
: FLORIDA
stitute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
100 ood and Resource Economics Department
F637fe Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations
Cooperative Extension Service
Gainesville, FL 32611


August 1997


Economic Information
Report 97-5














ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing round oranges in the Central Florida citrus area are presented
for the twentieth consecutive year. Due to the freezes of the 1980's, the Central Florida citrus area refers
primarily to Polk and Highlands counties. The format presented may be used by individual growers to
budget costs and returns, utilizing individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Central Florida, budgeting, costs and returns.

NOTE: The Central Florida production area refers to Polk and Highlands counties. However, the costs
presented in this report are applicable to other counties such as Hardee, Hillsborough, Lake
and Orange counties.

The budgeted cost information presented herein is the most current available. The budget cost
items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used by growers-e.g.,
chemical mowing, different spray materials and rates of fertilization, microsprinkler irrigation,
more reset trees, etc. Thus, the 1996-97 budget costs reflect lower fertilizer and pesticide
materials costs and increased per acre yield due to higher per acre tree densities.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom-managed operation based on a "net grove
acre" excluding non-productive areas. Therefore, all equipment costs are based on the
average custom rate costs, and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added
to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table 3 are representative for a
mature (10+ years old) Central Florida Valencia orange grove, the grove care costs for a
specific grove site may differ depending upon the tree age, tree density and the grove
practices performed. "Skirting trees" or pruning the lower branches could add $14.13 per
acre or extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza could substantially increase the tree
replacement and care costs. Spray applications to control citrus leafminer and nematicide
applications of Temik or Nemacur could increase the total cultural costs per acre above the
average costs shown in the comparative budgets. Also, travel and set-up costs may vary
due to size of the citrus grove and distance from grove equipment barn.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of the Central
Florida citrus production area who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.






UNIVERSITY OF FLOR\)A LIBRARIES
















TABLE OF CONTENTS




ABSTRA CT .................................................................... i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ............. ........................................ i

LIST OF TABLES ................................... ....................... ii

INTRODUCTION .......................................................... 1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION ............................................. 1

COSTS AND INPUTS .......................................................... 1

THE GROVE SITUATION ....................................................... 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS .............................................. 4

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS................................................... 6

REFERENCES ............................................................... 10

ADDENDA ........................................... ........................ 11


NOTE: The ADDENDA include a Listing of Grove Care Programs for Central
Florida Citrus Production for Both Round Oranges and Grapefruit; 1997
custom rate summary report; cost of establishing a citrus grove; etc. Page
11 is a list of the tables included in the ADDENDA.















LIST OF TABLES


Table ea

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Central Florida citrus grove,
1996-97 ........................................ ................ .. 3

2 Calculation of normal production per acre, 1996-97 ........................... 4

3 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove
producing for the processed market, Central Florida area, 1996-97 ............... 5

4 Estimated total delivered-in cost for Central Florida (Ridge) Valencia oranges grown for
the processed juice market under three cultural cost programs, 1996-97 ........... 7

5 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a
mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus for processing in the Central Florida
area, 1992-93--1996-97 ..................... ...... ....... ......... 8

6 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 1997 dollars) for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus for
processing in the Central Florida area, 1992-93--1996-97 ...................... 9









BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR CENTRAL
FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTION, 1996-97


Ronald P. Muraro, Thomas W. Oswalt, and H. Max Still


INTRODUCTION


Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions. Budget analysis can be used to
calculate potential profits from an operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation, and to
determine break-even prices. This report presents a budget constructed from current data and serves as a
format for growers to analyze costs and returns from their individual records. During the 1980's, several
freezes occurred which changed the character of the Central Florida citrus production area. The December
1983 and January 1985 freezes caused extensive tree and acreage losses in the north central counties such
as Lake and Orange counties. The December 1989 freeze resulted in severe tree damage and tree loss in
North and Central Polk County. Thus, Central Florida in this report refers primarily to Polk and Highlands
counties. Budgets for rehabilitating or replanting citrus groves where extensive tree damage or loss has
occurred are presented and discussed in a separate report.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom operators, input suppliers, growers,
colleagues at the Citrus Research and Education Center in Lake Alfred, and County Extension Citrus
Agents in the Central Florida production region. The survey is conducted annually in February and March.


COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus growers as well as the average of
the data obtained from annual custom rate, chemical, and fertilizer surveys. Growers' costs are shown in
the ADDENDA, Table 1-A through 7-A. The custom rate costs are shown in Table 8-A and the various
chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in Table 9-A and 10-A in the ADDENDA. The budget costs




RONALD P. MURARO is a Professor of Food and Resource Economics and Extension Farm
Management Economist stationed at the Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred. THOMAS
W. OSWALT is Extension Agent, Citrus in Polk County, Bartow. H. MAX STILL is Extension Agent,
Citrus in Highlands County, Sebring.








represent a custom-managed operation based on a "net grove acre" excluding non-productive areas.
Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the average custom-rate costs and a 10 percent
handling and supervision charge is added to the material cost.
Although brand names are used in many of the tables in the ADDENDA, this does not imply
endorsement by the University of Florida. It is merely an attempt to depict typical production practices.
All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to insert data from a particular grove.
This will allow a comparison of the grower's costs with those presented.


THE GROVE SITUATION


Production practices for a Central Florida round orange grove are shown in Table 1 with times during
the year when they would likely be performed. There are two benefits to developing such a table for an
individual grove. First, it shows what work is needed and when, so that operations can be planned well in
advance. Second, it can be helpful if an annual cash flow analysis is developed to plan financing. The
individual grower may benefit from developing a plan for a particular grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it difficult to define a "typical" grove.
Many combinations of practices and various tree variety combinations produce acceptable yields and
returns. Although the example represents a Valencia orange grove, the cost and return data are designed
to be applicable to most grove situations. A grower, realtor, or land appraiser can substitute individual
grove costs and expected returns into the budget format and develop a budget for a particular grove. A
"your cost" column is appropriately provided for this purpose in subsequent tables.
In the following budget, above average management and cultural practices are assumed. Beyond this
general assumption, the following specifics are assumed.


1. A 10+ year-old, low volume-irrigated grove;

2. Variety is Valencia round orange;

3. Tree loss is 3 percent annually;

4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls below

50 percent of expected yield;

5. Production is for processed use;

6. Tree density is 102 trees per acre; and


7. Custom-caretaker is providing grove management.









Table I.-Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Central Florida citrus grove, 1996-97'

Month


Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov

50%
20% Partial
deposit payment


Final
Davment


X


Less: Pick & haul cost

DOC advertisement tax


X


Grove expenses:
Disc X X

Chop

Mow X X X

Labor, general grove work, pull vines X X

Herbicide (1/2 grove acre equivalent) X X

Spray: Post bloom/nutritional X

Summer oil/greasy spot X

Fall miticide X

Supplemental miticide

Dust

Fertilizer 68# N/A 68# N/A 68# N/A Dolomite

Hedging and topping Hedge

Brush removal/chop brush Chop brush

Tree removal X X

Young tree care X X X X X

Microjet irrigation (times/week) 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 I 1

Miscellaneous

Grove taxes including water management X

Interest expense X

Annual principal payment on mortgage X

'This is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.









As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will vary. The budget reflects the following
age distribution:


Situation
3% pulled and reset
3% 1 year old
3% 2 years old
3% 3 years old
3% 4 years old
45% 5-19 years old
3% producing 50% of expected yield
37% mature producing


Boxes/tree
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.9
4.2
3.0
6.0


Calculation of normal production per acre is shown in Table 2. Note that the proportion-of-trees-by-
age column only adds to 91 percent since 9 percent of the trees are non-bearing.



Table 2.--Calculation of normal production per acre, 1996-97
Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes
Total no. Proportion No. ea.
alLg. ea. ages .age g ... N -------
3 years 102 x 0.03 = 3.1 x 0.6 = 1.9
4 years 102 x 0.03 = 3.1 x 0.9 = 2.8
5-19 years 102 x 0.45 = 45.9 x 4.2 = 192.8
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 102 x 0.03 = 3.1 x 3.0 = 9.3
20 years 102 x 0.37 = 37.7 x 6.0 = 2262
Total boxes = 433.0

'Proportion adds up to 0.91 (91 percent) as 9 percent of the trees were non-bearing (pulled and
reset, 1 and 2 year old trees; see page 4).

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS


The estimated budget costs and returns for the Central Florida grove situation are shown in Table 3.
The budgeted costs represent one possible citrus production program and were selected from the costs
shown in the ADDENDA tables. The gross revenue estimates are based on the projected yields in


~I~









Table 3.-Estimated annual per acre costs and retums for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing for the processed market Central Florida area, 1996-976

Item Description Amount Your cost

--------Dollas -----

I. Revenue 433 boxes @ $4.08' 1,766.64

II. Expenses'
Weed control
Discing 2 times per year 18.96
Mow middles 4 times per year 37.56
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 20.28
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Program #1, #2 & #7) 224 199.23
Spray program (Table I-A, Programs #2 & #10) 163.83
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #3) 144.87
Dolomite (Table 6-A, Program #2) 8.92
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($355.00/hr. + 10 A/hr.) + 2.5 yrs. 14.20
Remove brush from trees ($20.26/A + 2.5 yrs.) 8.10
Hedging ($320.00/hr. + 10 A/hr.) + 2 yrs. 16.00
Mow/chop brush ($9.81/A+ 2 yrs.) .91 43.21
Tree replacement and care (Table 12-A) (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees/stack/bun 3 trees per acre 13.59
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 3 trees per acre 25.47
Supplemental fertilizer, tree wraps, maintenance,
sprout, etc. Including application 29.1 68.19
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 7-A, Program #4) 128.8
Total grove care expenses 756.93

III. Management $4.00 per acre per month' A48.
IV. Total specified costs' 8
V. Return to land, trees, and ownership 96 1

VI. Break-even price for total grove care expenses
Boxes per acre Boxes per acre

am an AM M Am
S On-tree rice per box S Delivered-in price per pound solids'
2.52 2.16 1.89 1.68 1.51 0.71 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.55

"Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table 3 are representative for a mature Central Florida Valencia orange grove, the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ
depending upon the grove practices performed; e.g., a Temik application would add S122.80 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza would double the tree replacement and care costs; travel
and set-up costs may vary due to size ofcitrus grove and distance from grove equipment barn.
'On-tree price per box is preliminary; assumes price for processed oranges only.
'Assumes material custom applied; therefore, a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to material cost.
theirr methods to estimate a management cost-e.g., 5% of gross revenue or 10% of total grove care costs-are used in the industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and
trees than reported here.
'Other cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes and interest on grove investment. In addition to these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water
drainage/district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and time of
purchase or grove establishment.
'Assumes 6.5 pounds solids per box and $1.90 pick and haul cost per box and Department of Citrus advertising assessment of $0.185 per box.








Table 3 and estimated preliminary on-tree prices for the 1996-97 season. Historical on-tree prices for
selected Florida citrus varieties are shown in Table 16-A of the ADDENDA.
As shown in Table 3, the total revenue for processed-market Valencia oranges is estimated to be
$1,766.64 per acre. Total specified costs are $804.93 and are comprised of grove care costs of $756.93,
plus management cost of $48.00. Return to land and trees of $961.71 represents net return above variable
costs. The break-even price required to cover grove care costs for Valencia oranges range from $2.52 to
$1.51 per box on-tree and $0.71 to $0.55 per pounds solids delivered-in at 300 and 500 boxes per acre,
respectively.
Ad valorem taxes, and overhead and administrative costs (such as water drainage district taxes, crop
insurance, and other grower assessments) can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs
vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, variety of fruit, etc. and should be considered in
arriving at net return to land, trees and ownership (total return minus total costs). Harvest costs (pick,
roadside, and hauling costs--Tables 13-A and 14-A) also add to the total fruit cost delivered to either a
processing plant or fresh fruit packinghouse. Also, average annual debt payment (principal and interest)
may be as high as $530 per acre ($4,500 average debt per acre @ 10 percent interest amortized over 20
years) which would reduce total available cash for grove expansion or other investment.
An estimated "delivered-in" costs are shown for processed oranges in Table 4. "Delivered-in" costs
include grove care costs (Table 3) plus harvesting, regulatory, and grower assessment costs. The
"delivered-in" cost is presented as a cost per acre, per box, and per pound solids. Three possible budget
cost scenarios are presented: 1) Typical/Historical Fresh/Processed Cultural Program; 2) Reduced Cost
Processed Cultural Program; and 3) Low Cost Processed Cultural Program. The first scenario represents
typical costs of grove practices which have been performed for citrus grown for the fresh fruit market.
Scenarios 2 and 3 represent costs of two possible cultural programs directed toward reducing the
expenditures grown primarily for fruit for the processed market. Modified herbicide and/or spray and
fertilizer programs account for the reduced costs. NOTE: Before modifying a grove management program
to reduce costs. an evaluation of the market program (processed or fresh). yield, and specific cultural
problems (nutrition. disease. etc.) for the specific grove site should be made.


HISTORICAL COST TRENDS


Annual budgets of costs and returns for mature, processed Valencia oranges in the Central Florida
area have been developed and published the past four years. Estimated cost and return histories for 1992-93
through 1995-96 along with 1996-97, and a five-year average are presented in Table 5. To allow
comparisons in current values, these same costs and returns, adjusted to 1997 dollars, are presented in Table









Table 4.--Estimated total delivered-in cost for Central Florida (Ridge) Valencia oranges grown for the processed market under three cultural cost
programs, 1996-97

Represents a mature (10+ years old) Central Fresh/Processed Valencia
Florida (Ridge) Orange Grove Oranges Processed Valencia Oranges Processed Valencia Oranges
Typical/Historical Reduce Cost Low Cost
Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Program

$/Acre $/Box $P.S. $/Acre S/Box $/P.S. $/Acre $/Box $/P.S.

Total Production/Cultural Costs $793.23 $1.832 $0.2818 $756.93 $1.748 $0.2689 $ 662.14 $1.529 $0.2353

Interest on Operating (Cultural) Costs 39.66 0.092 0.0141 37.85 0.087 0.0134 33.11 0.076 0.0118

Management Costs 48.00 0.111 0.0171 48.00 0.111 0.0171 48.00 0.111 0.0171

Taxes/Regulatory Costs:
Property Tax and Water Management Tax 58.92 0.136 0.209 58.92 Q.136 00209 58.92 L 136 0.0209

Total Direct Grower Costs $939.81 $2.170 $0.3339 $ 901.70 $2.082 $0.3204 $ 802.17 $1.853 $0.2850

Interest on Average Capital Investment Costs 389.4 0.899 0.1384 389.40 0.89 0.1384 .389.0 Q $1384

Total Grower Costs $1,329.21 $3.070 $0.4723 $1,291.10 $2.982 $0.4587 $1,191.57 $2.752 $0.4234

Harvesting and Assessment Costs:
Pick/Spot Pick, Roadside and Haul 822.70 1.900 0.2923 822.70 1.900 0.2923 822.70 1.900 0.2923
DOC Assessment 80.11 Q085 0.0285 80.11 QA85 0.0285 80.11 0.185 0.0285

Total Harvesting and Assessment Costs 902.81 2.085 0.3208 902.81 2.085 0.3208 902.81 2.085 0.3208

Total Delivered-In Cost $2.232.02 $5.1 $0 3 $2.19390 $5. $0 $2,094.37 $C $.4


P.S. = Pound Solids A Fall Miticide Spray added to the Refer to cultural program shown Reduced herbicide program; only
Yield: 433 boxes/acre @ 6.5 P.S. per box cultural program shown in Table in Table 3. summer spray with oil, copper,
102 trees per acre 3. and Agri-mek; fertilizer reduced
to 180 pounds of nitrogen per
acre.













Table 5.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus
for processing in the Central Florida area, 1992-93--1996-97


On-tree Gross Total grove Total specified Net return to land,
Year price/box' Yield revenue care expenses costs" trees, and ownership
---------------------------------------- Dollars --------------------
1992-93 $3.95 405 1,599.75 789.21 837.21 762.54

1993-94 $4.63 405 1,875.15 735.53d 783.53 1,091.62

1994-95 $4.22 405 1,709.10 755.05d 803.05 906.05

1995-96 $6.20 405 2,511.00 789.70d 837.70 1,673.30

1996-97 $4.08b 433' 1,766.64 756.93d 804.93 961.71

5-yr. avg. $4.62 411 1,898.82 765.28 813.28 1,085.54

"On-tree prices for processed oranges only as reported by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
bPreliminary estimate by authors at time of printing and is not a published price.
"Higher per acre yield is due to increased average tree density of Valencia citrus groves in Central Florida.
dRepresents a "reduced cost" cultural program which most citrus growers have employed for citrus grown for processing. In 1995-96, the cost
of fertilizer materials and the supplemental maintenance costs of resets had increased substantially over previous years.
'A management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included.













Table 6.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns (adjusted to 1997 dollars) for a mature, Valencia
orange grove producing citrus for processing in the Central Florida area, 1992-93--1996-97


Adjusted
Inflation on-tree Gross Total specified Net return to land,
Year factor index' price/box Yield revenue costs trees, and ownership
------------------------------ Dollars ------------------------
1992-93 109.8 $4.34 405 1,757.70 919.26 838.44

1993-94 108.4 $5.02 405 2,033.10 849.35 1,183.75

1994-95 104.7 $4.42 405 1,790.10 840.79 949.31

1995-96 102.3 $6.34 405 2,567.70 856.97 1,710.73

1996-97 100.0 $4.08 433 1,766.64 804.93 961.71

5-yr. avg. -- $4.84 411 1,989.24 854.26 1,134.98

'Producer price index for each year adjusted to 1997 prices (1997 = 100), with 1997 consumer price index estimated to be 130.5. Producer
price index for other years are: 1993 = 118.9; 1994 = 120.4; 1995 = 124.7; and 1996 = 127.6.

bA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included.
(Refer to Table 5.)








REFERENCES


1. Citrus Summary 1996-97. Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. Florida Agricultural Statistics.
Jan. 1997.

2. Knapp, J. L. (Ed). 1997 Florida Citrus Pest Management Guide. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP
43. Gainesville: Jan. 1997. 75 pp.

3. Muraro, Ronald P. "A Listing of Estimated Comparative Central Florida (Ridge) Citrus Production
Costs Per Acre for 1996-97." Lake Alfred Citrus Research and Education Center (CREC) Report.
Lake Alfred, FL: May 1997.

4. "Cost for Establishing, Planting, and Maintaining a Citrus Grove through Four Years of
Age, North Florida Area." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: March 1990.

5. "Estimated Cost of Planting and Maintaining a Reset Citrus Tree through Three Years of
Age." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: November 1996.

6. "A Listing of 1997 Custom Rates Reported by Thirty Ridge Citrus Caretakers." Lake
Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: May 1997.

7. and John L. Jackson. Ten-year Analysis for Rehabilitation of Freeze Damaged Citrus
Groves. Univ. of Fla., Food and Resource Econ. Staff Paper 270. Jan. 1985.

8. and J. Fred Kurras. "Estimating the Damage to Citrus Trees and Resulting Value Loss Due
to the January, 1982 Freeze," Florida Food and Resource Economics No. 39 (Mar.-Apr. 1982).
Univ. of Fla.: Gainesville.

9. Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Age. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8. Gainesville: 1960.

10. Tucker, D. P. H., A. K. Alva, L. K. Jackson, and T. A. Wheaton (Eds.). Nutrition of Florida Citrus
Tres. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP 169. Gainesville: 1995. 61 pp.









ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Programs for Central Florida Citrus Production for Both
Round Oranges and Grapefruit*
EWga

Table I-A. Spray programs ........................................ ...... ..... 12
Post bloom spray ............................................ .... 12
Summer spray .................................................... 13
Fall spray ................................................. ....... 14

Table 2-A. Herbicide .................................................... 15

Table 3-A. Dry fertilizer ........................................ ............. 17

Table 4-A. Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application) ................................ 18

Table 5-A. Nematicides .................................................. 18

Table 6-A. Soil amendment ................................................. 19

Table 7-A. Irrigation--annual cost per acre ......................................... 19
Permanent overhead ................................................. 19
Microsprinkler ............................................... 19

Table 8-A. A listing of 1997 custom rates reported by thirty Ridge citrus caretakers ......... 20

Table 9-A. 1997 summary of average chemical price estimates ......................... 22

Table 10-A. 1997 summary of average fertilizer price estimates ......................... 24

Table 11-A. Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four years
of age, North Florida area ............................................. 26

Table 12-A. Estimated cost of planting and maintaining a reset citrus tree through three years
ofage, 1996 ..................................................... 27

Table 13-A. Estimated average picking, roadsiding and hauling rates for Florida citrus -
1994-95 season .................................................... 28

Table 14-A. Estimated total harvesting (pick/roadside/haul). Costs per box for Florida citrus -
1994-95 season .................. .................................. 29

Table 15-A. Summary of Florida fresh citrus packing charges by variety 1994-95 season .... 30

Table 16-A. Historic prices for selected citrus varieties ................................. 31

Table 17-A. Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity ........... 32

Abbreviations for important chemicals are:
B = Boron Fe = Iron Mn = Manganese Zn = Zinc
Cu = Copper Mg = Magnesium N = Nitrogen

"The costs in the ADDENDA represent a custom managed operation. Therefore, all equipment costs
are based upon the average custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added
to the material cost.










Table 1-A.--Spray programs


POST BLOOM SPRAY


Spray Program #1


Spray Program #2

(Scab/melanose)


Spray Program #3


Spray Program #4


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Cu (50% metallic)
Zn
Mn

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Zn
Mn
Micromite 25WP

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 50WP
Zn
Mn

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$12.05
14.66
3.85
3.70


2535


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$14.66
3.85
3.70
42.06

25.35


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
10 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs

150 gals


Amount
/Acre

10 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs
1.25 Ibs

150 gals


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs
6pts

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$21.90
27.06

2a5m


$77.51


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$34.80
3.85
3.70


--- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -


--- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- -- --- -- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- -- --


--- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- --










Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #5

(Scale insects)


Materials/Ingredients

Lorsban 4EC

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


SUMMER SPRAY


Spray Program #6

(Diaprepes control -
Usually two applications
per year)


Spray Program #7


Spray Program #8


Materials/Ingredients

Bio-Vector



Ground Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Cu (50% material)
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

7pts

500 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$43.96

29A4


$7370


Amount
/Acre

2 million
nematodes


Cost/Acre

$25.00


Your
Cost/Acre


3.77

$3M7


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$12.05
10.22
27.06

28.55


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
7 lbs
6.0 pts

250 gals


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
6pts
500 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$12.05
27.06

2274


- ---- ----- - ----- -- -- --- - -- ----- - -


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -










Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

SUMMER SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #9


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Agri-Mek
Cu (50% material)

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Spray Program #10


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Agri-Mek
Cu (50% material)

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Spray Program #11


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+ %

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


FALL SPRAY


Spray Program #12


Materials/Ingredients

Dicofol 4EC
Spray Buffer

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
10 ozs
7 lbs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$12.05
46.90
10.22

28.55


$97.72


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
5 ozs
7 lbs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$12.05
23.45
10.22


$74.27


Amount
/Acre

7 gals

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$16.87


$4542


Amount
/Acre

6pts
2.5 pts

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$38.22
2.00

2535


--- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- __


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

FALL SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #13


Spray Program #14


Table 2-A.--Herbicide


Herbicide Program #1

(Strip/band)


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 50WP

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Thiolux (Sulfur)

Ground Application

Total per Application


Materials

Solicam 80 DF
Karmex WP
Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Herbicide Program #2

(Strip/band)


Materials

Surflan A80 DF
Simazine 4L
Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
4qts
2qts


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$34.80

25.35


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$10.95

25.35

$36.30


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs

150 gals


Amount
/Acre

15 Ibs

150 gals


Amount/
Treated Acre

3 lbs
4 Ibs
2qts


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre

$21.75
9.16
13.42

11.8


$551


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$15.88
7.56
13.42

11.38


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


=


$4.24


---- ---- ____ ______ ____


--- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- _









Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Amount/
Treated Acre


Herbicide Program #3

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #4

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #5

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #6

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #7

(Spot herbicide for
grass/brush regrowth
under trees.)


Materials


Karmex WP
Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


4 lbs
2 qts


Amount/
Materials Treated Acre


Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


2 qts


Amount/
Treated Acre


2 qts
4 lbs


Roundup Ultra
Princep (Caliber 90))

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre


3 qts
3 lbs
2qts


Direx 4L
Solicam
Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre


Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


2qts


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$9.16
13.42


Cost/
Grove Acre

$13.42

11$38


$24.


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$13.42
7.28


$32.08


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$ 8.46
21.75
13.42


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$13.42


15 gals


$1L.4


'With respect to herbicide materials, Amount Per Grove Acre does naot r l Amount Per Treated Acre
shown on the label as only a strip or band is being treated. In this report, it is assumed that only 50% or one-
half of a grove acre is being treated.


$33.


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


1138


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


___ _________- ----- ---- -------------------- ___


--- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- --


- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 3-A.-Dry fertilizer


Program #1

(162 Ibs N/Acre)


Program #2

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Program #3

(204 Ibs N/Acre)


Program #4

(225 Ibs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-2-12-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

16-0-16-4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

16-0-16-4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

15-2-15-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Amount
/Acre

1350 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1125 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1275 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1500 lbs

3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$108.00

22.42
$l 3o.47


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$108.00

22.47

$.UA2


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$122.40

22.47

$144.87


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$133.50

22.47

$155.97


- ----- -- ------ -- -- ------ --- -- ---- ------


--- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- -- --- -- -- -- -- --- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- -- -- --


--- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- -- -- --










Table 4-A.--Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application)
Analysis/Material
Program #1 Applied

(180 lbs N/Acre) 10-0-10
Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Program #2
(180 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied
10-2-10


Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Program #3

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-0-10
Solicam 80 DF
Karmex WP


Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs
3 lbs*
4 lbs*

3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$120.60
21.75
9.16

35.25

$186.76


*Treated acre (one herbicide application)


Table 5-A.--Nematicides


Program #1


Analysis/Material
Applied

Temik 15G

Application

Total per Application


Analysis/Material
Applied

Nemacur 15G

Application

Total per Application


Program #2


Amount
/Acre

33 lbs


Amount
/Acre

50 lbs


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$111.21

11.59

$122.8


Cost/Acre

$190.50

11.59

$202.9


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs

3 times


Cost/Acre

$120.60

35.25

$55.85


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre
1800 lbs

3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$129.60

35.25

$1485


Your
Cost/Acre


- ----- --------- ----- --- --- ---------


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 6-A.--Soil amendment


Program #1

(Every 3 years)


Analysis/Material
Applied

Dolomite (Delivered)

Application

Total for 1 Application

(Average 1/3 Ton Applied/Yr)


Program #2

(Every 4 years)


Analysis/Material
Applied

Dolomite (Delivered)

Application

Total for 1 Application

(Average 1/4 Ton Applied/Yr)


Table 7-A.--Irrigation--annual cost per acre


PERMANENT OVERHEAD


Operating


Maintenance of System

Total Cash Expenses
Fixed Depreciation Expense
Total Cash and Fixed Expenses


Program #1

$ 80.83
(Electric)
35.24

$116.07

55.73
$171.80


MICROSPRINKLER


Operating


Maintenance of System

Total Cash Expenses
Fixed Depreciation Expense
Total Cash and Fixed Expenses


Program #3

$ 39.05
(Electric)
36.82

$ 75.87
52.94
$128.81


Amount
/Acre

1 ton

1 time


Your
Cost/Acre





=-


Cost/Acre

$27.76



$U1.0


Amount
/Acre

1 ton

I time


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$27.76

7.90


$LU2
$@er


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #2

$ 67.26
(Diesel)

35.24

$102.50

59.54
$"a&


=


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #4

$ 32.93
(Diesel)
39.19

$ 72.12

56.56
$128.68


- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- -- -- --- --- -- --- -- --- --- --- -


--- ------- ---------- -----"--------"- ----- ------ -- --------










Table -A.-A listing of 1997 custom rates reported by thirty Ridge citrus careakers

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate' Comments

CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT:
Hand Hoe/Hand Labor Hour $ 9.00- $15.00 $10.14 Plus transportation
Tractor/Equipment Operator Labor (Driver) Hour 9.60- 18.50 12.74
Mechanic Labor Hour 25.00- 35.00 27.83 Includes truck
Rotovate Hour 25.00- 38.25 28.92
Disc 7' Hour 23.90- 31.25 26.48
Disc 7' Acre 7.00- 10.00 8.08 On-way dicing
Disc 9'-10' Hour 24.50- 32.00 28.04
Disc 9'-10' Acre 6.00- 9.00 7.97 One-way discing
Chop Hour 22.00- 32.80 26.41
Chop Acre 6.25- 10.00 8.43 One-way chopping
Mow 5'-7' Hour 22.00- 30.00 26.78
Mow 9'-10' Hour 25.00- 32.50 28.50
Mow 5'-7' Acre 6.25- 11.50 9.39
Mow 9'-10' Acre 9.50- 12.50 10.50
Mow 15'-16' Acre 9.50- 11.25 10.25
Ditch Bank Mower (22 ft. reach) Hour 50.00
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Single Boom) Hour 25.30- 34.75 27.96 Plus materials
Herbicide* (Strip/Band-Single Boom) Acre 11.00- 15.00 12.53 Plus materials
Herbicide* (Strip/Band-Double Boom) Acre 11.00- 13.00 11.38 Plus materials
Herbicide (Piggy Back Appl.) Acre 12.00- 15.00 13.67 Plus materials
Herbicide' (Chemical Mow) Acre 5.00- 8.25 7.18 Plus materials
Herbicide (Chemical Mow) Hour 25.00- 30.00 28.30 Plus materials
Temik/Nemacur" Acre 12.00- 15.00 11.59 Plus materials
Plow Hour 23.90- 30.00 27.63
Deviner Hour 30.00
Bush Hog Hour 25.00- 36.00 29.28
Pickup Truck with Driver Hour 18.00- 28.00 24.08 Avg. miles/year/pickup: 19,100
Pickup Truck without Driver Hour 10.00- 15.00 12.13
Flatbed Transport Truck with Driver Hour 25.00- 45.00 33.92 Avg. $75/trip; Avg. mile/year: 18,800
Tractor with Driver Hour 24.00- 36.00 26.48
Water/Supply Truck Hour 22.70- 30.25 26.12
Semi-Truck (Low Boy) with Driver-Avg. $55.00/hour or $2.00 per loaded mile


SPRAYING:-
Tree-See Air Blast Sprayer
PTO High Pressure Sprayer


$105/Hour 0 100 GPA
Hour -


Includes all labor and auxiliary equipment; $27/acre
- 44.00 Tractor, sprayer plus 2 men


AIR BLAST SPRAYER

Engine Driven PTO Powered


500 GPA
250 GPA
125 GPA
100 GPA


Aerial (Fixed Wing)

DUSTING:'
Ground Application

FERTILIZE AND SOIL AMENDMENTS:'
Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation System
Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation System
Liquid Boom Application:
Double Boom
Dry (Bulk)
Lime or Dolomite
Lime or Dolomite
Fertilize Young Trees: Hand Spread
ert. Spreader

IRRIGATION:

Microsprinkler
Microsprinkler
Freeze Protection with Irrigation
ATV with Driver
Ring Young Trees: Hand Labor
Mechanical
Backhoe


Acre 29.25- 35.75 29.74 28.00- 33.00 30.46
Acre 25.00- 33.50 28.55 22.00- 25.00 23.50
Acre 21.00- 26.90 22.67 19.00- 22.50 20.63
Acre 18.00- 23.00 20.17 16.00- 20.00 17.75
$17.50/acre @ 50 GPA; $16.00/acre @ 25 GPA
Fixed Wing: $4.50/acre 5 GPA; $8.50/acre @ 10 GPA; $12.00/acre @ 15 GPA; $14.00/acre @ 20 GPA


Acre $ 7.50-


$ 8.50 $ 7.97 Plus materials


Hour $25.00- $30.00 $26.14
Acre 1.50- 3.50 2.67 One reporting $50.00/hookup


Acre 10.00-
Acre 6.20-
Acre 7.00-
Ton 6.00-
Hour 9.00-
Hour 24.50-


15.00 11.67
10.50 7.49 Average $31.08/hour
10.50 7.90 Average $25.95/hour
9.50 7.25
15.00 10.14 Plus transportation
31.00 26.03 Plus materials


Avg. $2.87/acre; Avg. $25.00/month Start/stop and supervision
Hour 25.00- 35.00 29.75 Sart/stop and supervision; truck and driver
$45.00 per night per system; $25.00 per night per system to monitor weather and have employees standing-by
Hour 14.40- 22.50 17.66 Check/repair microsprinkler irrigation system-plus materials
Hour 9.00- 15.00 10.14 Labor plus equipment
Hour 21.60- 29.00 25.41
$45.00/hour used for repairs to mainline, drainage, etc.


(OVER)













Table 8-A.-A listing of 1997 custom rates reported by thirty Ridge citrus caretakers (cont'd.)

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate Comments


REMOVING TREES:
Tree Shearing (Cutting Tree at Ground
Level)
Front End Loader


PR1UNIG:
General Pruning (Rehab)
Power Saw with Operator
Power Saw without Operator
Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer (Double
Sided)
Hedging:
Single Side (Tractor Mounted)
Double Side (Tractor Pulled)
Double Side (Self Propelled)
Double Side (Self Propelled)
Topping:
Tractor Pulled
Self Propelled
Double Boom (Self Propelled)
Removing Brush:
Haul Brush out of Grove
Front-end Loader (Push Brush)
Chop/Mow Brush

BANK AND UNBANK TREES:
Hand Labor
Mechanical

OTHER CUSTOM RATES:
Plant Reset
Solid Set Planting
Travel/Setup Charge
Grove Management Charge/Month:
Supervising Grove Care Operations
Handling Fruit Marketing
Supervising/Handling Chemicals/Fertilizer

Consulting

Total Reported Acreage Provided Grove
QS .


Hour $50.00- $55.00 $52.50 Average trees sheared: 10 to 25 trees/hour
Hour 45.00- 55.00 49.44 Average trees removed: 5 to 15 trees/hour

Bulldozer. Averaged $65/hour, Semi-Tractor and Low Boy Trailer $55/hour


Per Tree
Hour
Hour
Hour


$ 3.00- $ 5.00 $ 3.81 Depending upon trees/acre requiring pruning
15.00- 20.00 16.37 Plus transportation
5.50- 6.60 5.87 One reporting $35/day
160.00 Cover 9-18 acres one pass


Hour 75.00 Cover 2-5 acres/hour
Hour 80.00- 82.50 81.25 Cover 3-5 acres/hour
Hour 280.00- 335.00 320.00 Cover 10-20 acrea/hour depending on wood size
Hour 200.00- 245.00 227.77 Cover 4-12 acres/hour depending on wood size

Hour 95.00- 100.00 97.50 Cover 1-3 acres/hour
Hour 315.00- 380.00 355.00 Cover 5-10 acres/hr (Roof Top); 5-20 acres/hr (Flat Top)
Hour 550.00 Cover 2-12 acres/hr (Roof Top); 15-30 acres/hr (Flat Top)

Hour 27.50- 31.95 29.76 Tractor-trailer/truck, driver plus 1 person
Hour 45.00- 55.00 47.37 2-10 acres/hour
Hour 25.00- 36.00 28.52 3-6 acre/hour



Hour $ 9.00- $ 15.00 $ 10.68 Labor plus transportation; Bank/unbank @ 60C per tree
Hour 20.00- 27.20 23.36


Per Tree
Per Tree
Hour


$ 1.50- $3.00 $ 2.10 Stake, plant and first watering
1.00- 1.25 1.19 Stake, plant and first watering
26.10 Average for those reporting


Acre 2.00- 4.50 2.55 In addition to caretaking charges; one reporting $100/month
Box 0.05- 0.20 0.13 5% of gross
10% to 20% of materials cost; Average $2.50/acre
One reporting 1% WPS/Environmental Charge on all activities except labor
Average $75/hour cultural management; $125/hour financial analysis/prospectus


Mft. 1 N0677


2918 Total acres r ,367


Sourc: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Managment Economist, Lake Alfred CREC, May 1997.


Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor and sprayer, supply truck included by most caretakers.

'Calculated by dividing the total number of caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sm reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all
charges.


Acre







Table 9-A.--1997 summary of average chemical price estimates
Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (1997-98)


Fungicides:


Aliette 80WP
Benlate
Basic Copper Sulfate (53%)
Copper (50%) (Kocide 101)
Copper (40%) (Kocide 606)
Carbamate 76WP
Copper (Champ)
Oil 435 or 455
Ridomil 5G
Ridomil 2E
Ridomil (Gold)


Insecticides/Nematicides:


Admire
Agri-Mek (0.15EC)
Carzol 92 SP
Comite 6.55 EC
Dicofol 4 EC
Ethion
Guthion 2L
Guthion 50WP
Kelthane MF
Logic Bait
Lorsban 4EC
Lorsban 15G
Malathion 5 E
Metasystox-R
Methyl Bromide 98/2 (200 lbs.)
Micromite 25WP
Morestan 25WP
Neemix
Nemacur 3EC
Nemacur 15G
Sevin 80S
Sevin XLR
Sulphur 6F
Sulphur Dust
Supracide 2 EC
Temik 15G
Thiolux 80 DF
Vendex 50W


lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
lb.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.

gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
ton
gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.


9.45
15.78
1.33
1.91
12.58
4.34
1.69
2.19
4.82
165.70
598.71

536.10
613.73
28.40
81.06
46.35
32.79
31.80
8.22
43.82
7.07
45.70
1.97
24.04
57.45
1.19
30.59
12.41
42.18
70.17
3.46
4.29
25.94
3.65
310.00
48.31
3.06
0.66
15.82


1








Table 9-A.--1997 summary of average chemical price estimates (cont'd.)
Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (1997-98)


Herbicides: DeVine
Devrinol 50WP
Direx 4L
Direx 80 DF
Eptam 7-E
Fusilade DX
Goal
Gramoxone (Paraquat)
Hyvar X
Karmex
Krovar I
Princep (Caliber 90)
Princep 4L
Prowl
Rodeo (30 gal drum)
Roundup (30 gal drum)
Roundup Ultra
Simazine 4L
Solicam
Surflan AS
Torpedo 1E
Touchdown
Treflan

Growth Regulators:
Citrus Fix
Pro-Gibb 3.91%
Tre-Hold
Other Spray Materials:
Borates (15%)
Manganese (32%)
Zinc (78%)
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Nutritional Spray Mix:
Goemar BM 86
Goemar MZ 63
NutraLeaf (20-20-20)
Sequestrene 138 FE
Peter's 20-20-20 Foliar
Key Plex 350
Dyna Gold MZF
Soil Applied Iron Humate


pt.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.


gal.
20 oz.
gal.


lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.

gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.


71.50
8.00
20.51
4.13
32.58
133.88
74.34
35.85
15.95
4.16
10.20
3.31
14.44
28.00
103.76
45.38
48.83
13.77
13.18
57.75
50.22
71.45
32.90


385.00
40.51
75.58


0.71
0.34
0.70
14.14

28.50
30.50
0.65
10.63
0.64
14.15
7.25
0.15


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University of
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, May 1997.








Table 10-A.-1997 summary of average fertilizer price estimates
Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (1997-98)


FERTILIZER (FOB Price @ Plant)
Slow Release (Young Treel*
IBDU: 10-3-7 (85% Slow Release N)
8-4-8 (50% Slow Release N)
Osmocote: 18-4-12
17-6-9
ESCOTE: 19-6-12
(% Slow Release) (100-50-50)
Nutralene/Hydrolene (N 38%)
Sulfur Coated Urea (39%-40% N)
(70% Slow Release N)
Dry Mix (Bulk)
17-0-17-3m,
17-4-17-2.4m,
16-0-16
16-0-16-4,
16-2-16-3h
15-2-12-2.44
12-2-12-2.4h%
8-8-8 w/minors**
8-4-8 w/minors**
8-2-8 w/minors**
6-6-6 w/minors**
Liquid Mix (Bulk)
8-2-8
8-4-8
9-3-9
9-4-9
10-0-10
10-2-10
12-0-6
12-3-6


434.00
316.00
1,318.00
1,562.00

1,524.00

918.75

412.75


177.88
178.63
151.39
173.88
175.66
162.45
146.43
127.83
124.33
116.80
116.89


114.85
123.05
126.75
130.59
122.30
130.57
128.24
141.09


*Slow Release Elements are indicated in parenthesis.
**With organic nitrogen, the price averaged 25% higher.








Table 10-A.-1997 summary of average fertilizer price estimates (cont'd.)


Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (1996-97)

Foliar N $
UNOCAL Plus (20% N) gal. 1.35
Spray Grade Urea (46% N) ton 375.00
Spray Grade Urea (23 % N) gal. 1.00
Spray Grade Potassium Nitrate (14% N) ton (bags) 398.75
Trizone/Dynazone gal. 4.00
Other Fertilizer Materials (Bulk)
Ammonium Nitrate (21 % N Liquid) ton 157.23
Ammonium Nitrate (33.5% N Dry) ton 207.83
Ammonium Sulfate (21% N) ton 131.91
Calcium Nitrate (19% Ca, 15.5% N) ton 201.11
Dolomite (at mine--49% CaCO3, 36% MgCO3) ton 13.75
Muriate of Potash (60% K20) ton 139.00
Potassium Nitrate (14% N; 46% K20) ton 335.87
Sul-Po-Mag (SPM--21.9% K20) ton 169.00
Super Phosphate (20% P2O,) ton 140.22
Triple Superphosphate (48% P205) ton 198.37
Average Delivery Cost ton 12.63


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University of
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, May 1997.










Table I 1-A.--Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four years of age, North Florida area
Cost Per Acre
Range Average
$ $
Land Cost 2,500-4,500 3,450
Land Preparation (clearing, disking, leveling) 275- 7002 350
Soil Amendments: Dolomite 1 ton 35
Super Phosphate, 400 lbs. 30
Cover Crop 9- 16 12
Irrigation System: Microsprinkler with Well' 850-1,650 1,350
without Well 525-1,250 975
Water Permits, Environmental Studies, and Engineering: Cost 35- 80 50
Time in Months 3- 8 6
Percent Land Utilization: Planted to Citrus 90%- 97% 95%
Roads and Service Areas 3%- 10% 5%
North Florida

Year
1 2 3 4

Solidset Planted Trees --------------- Cost Per Tree ----------------
Microsprinkler Irrigation and Ditch Maintenance $0.37 $0.45 $0.55 $0.65
Fertilize Tree 0.25 0.40 0.55 0.57
Supplemental Fertilization thru Irrigation 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.29
Spray 0.42 0.55 0.65 0.75
Insulated Tree Wrap (annual maintenance) 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.00
Sprouting (labor) 0.20 0.20 0.00 0.00
Cultivation/Mowing 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40
Herbicide 0.45 0.45 0.45 0.45
Ridomil/Aliette 0.35 0.35 0.00 0.00
Miscellaneous 0.43 0.49 0.47 0.47
Total Cost Per Year $3.27 $3.74 $3.57 $3.58
Reset Trees (annual additional grove care costs) $2.13 $2.47 $1.84 --
Cost of Planting Treess Solidset = $6.75 Reset = $8.05

'Land cost will vary from one county to another as well as from one parcel to another.

2Includes fumigation cost of $330 per acre.

Irrigation costs include distribution system, power unit and well (where indicated.) The higher cost ranges reported
also included a cost for fertigation equipment.

*The per tree costs shown are applicable for tree densities of 145 to 165 trees per acre. The per tree costs should be
decreased for higher density plantings and increased for lower density plantings; e.g., at 200 trees per acre decrease
costs by 15%; at 115 trees per acre increase costs by 15%.

'Tree cost (bare root) = $3.25; stake, plant, and water tree = $1.25 (solidset) and $2.55 (resets); and insulated tree wrap
= $2.25.


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, March 1990.








Table 12-A.-Estimated cost of planting and maintaining a reset citrus tree through three years of age,
1996

Number of Resets/Replacement Trees Per Acre
1-2 3-5 6-10 11-25 26+
-Cost Per Tree

Year #: $ $ $ $ $
Tree Removal 5.21 4.53 3.62 2.93 2.34
Tree Cost (Container Tree) 4.00 4.00 3.75 3.75 3.75
Site Preparation" 5.12 4.44 3.76 3.48 2.73
Plant Tree and First Watering 2.37 2.0 1.21 1.f 1.26
Total Planting Cost 11.49 10.49 9.24 8.84 7.74
Supplemental Fertilization 4 Times
(Application & Materials) 1.26 1.10 1.01 0.92 0.84
Supplemental Spraying (Application & Materials) 0.45 0.39 0.36 0.33 0.30
Spot Herbicide (Application & Materials) 0.21 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.13
Tree Wrap (Corrugated) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Sprouting/Pruning 0.38 0.38 0.35 0.35 0.32
Miscellaneous 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Supervision & Overhead 0.26 24 0.21 222 .2Q
Total Tree Care Cost Year #1 3.72 3.44 3.25 3.10 2.92
Total Cost Year #1 20.42 18.46 16.11 14.87 13.00
Year #2:
Supplemental Fertilization 3 Times
(Application & Materials) 1.70 1.51 1.32 1.12 1.02
Supplemental Spraying (Application & Materials) 0.52 0.46 0.40 0.34 0.31
Spot Herbicide (Application & Materials) 0.20 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.13
Sprouting/Pruning 0.45 0.45 0.38 0.38 0.34
Miscellaneous 0.14 0.13 0.11 0.10 0.09
Supervision & Overhead 021 2.20 018 06 QJ14
Total Cost Year #2 3.24 2.93 2.55 2.24 2.03
Year #3:
Supplemental Fertilization 3 Times
(Application & Materials) 2.31 2.06 1.77 1.51 1.28
Miscellaneous 0.12 0.10 0.09 0.08 0.06
Supervision & Overhead 018 016 214 012 01f
Total Cost Year #3 2.61 2.32 2.00 1.71 1.44
Total Three-Year Cumulative Costs 26.27 23.71 20.66 18.82 16.47

'Site preparation for bedded citrus grove; cost of root removal, rotovating/leveling tree planting site.
Fumigate planting site would cost approximately $2.50 per tree.
SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, November 1996.









Table 13-A.--Estimated average picking, roadsiding and hauling rates for Florida citrus -
1994-95 season"

Variety Fresh Processing State average

Picking: ---------- $ Per Florida field box-------
.............................................................................................................................................................................io
Early/Midseason oranges 0.740 0.630 0.685
Valencia oranges 0.826 0.630 0.728


Pink/Red grapefruit 0.556 0.456 0.506
White grapefruit 0.542 0.402 0.472


Temples 0.850 0.800 0.829
Tangelos 0.814 0.818 0.816
Tangerines 1.571 1.571 1.571


Roadsiding: --------------- S Per Florida field box------------

Early/Midseason oranges 0.740 0.740 0.740
Valencia oranges 0.762 0.762 0.762


Pink/Red grapefruit 0.708 0.708 0.708
White grapefruit 0.676 0.676 0.676


Temples
Tangelos
Tangerines


0.698
0.730
1.003


0.698
0.730
1.003


0.698
0.730
1.003


Hauling (All citrus): ----- ------- $ Per Florida field box----------------
...........................................................................................................................................
(Mileage Range)
0-30 miles 0.349 0.349 0.349
31-50 miles 0.379 0.379 0.379
51-80 miles 0.455 0.455 0.455
81-100 miles 0.517 0.517 0.517
100+ miles 0.598 0.598 0.598

SHarvesting rates from a mail-in survey conducted. Although, the total survey respondents
represented less than 10% of the total fruit harvested in the 1994/95 season, review of the
harvesting rates data by industry sources indicate that the averages reported are representative
for the harvest 1994/95 season.


---~--~--------










Table 14-A.-Estimated total harvesting (pick/roadside/haul). Costs per box for Florida citrus -
1994-95 season'

Variety/Hauling Range Fresh Processing State average


EARLY/MID ORANGES
0-30 miles
31-50 miles
51-80 miles
81-100 miles
100+ miles


$ Per Florida field box
1.829 1.719 1.774
1.859 1.749 1.804
1.935 1.825 1.880
1.997 1.887 1.942
2.078 1.968 2.023


State ave ra ..1.910 1.800 1.855
................ ................ ........................ ...................... ........................................................................................
VALENCIA ORANGES $ Per Florida field box
0-30 miles 1.937 1.741 1.839
31-50 miles 1.967 1.771 1.869
51-80 miles 2.043 1.847 1.945
81-100 miles 2.105 1.909 2.007
100+ miles 2.186 1.990 2.088
State average ...2.019 1.823 1.921
RED GRAPEFRUIT $ Per Florida field box -
0-30 miles 1.613 1.513 1.563
31-50 miles 1.643 1.543 1.593
51-80 miles 1.719 1.619 1.669
81-100 miles 1.781 1.681 1.731
100+ miles 1.862 1.762 1.812
State average 1.693 1.593 1.643
.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ... ... .. ... .. ... .. .. .. .. .


WHITE GRAPEFRUIT
0-30 miles
31-50 miles
51-80 miles
81-100 miles
100+ miles


$ Per Florida field box -
1.567 1.427 1.497
1.597 1.457 1.527
1.673 1.533 1.603
1.735 1.595 1.655
1.816 1.676 1.746


State average .................... 1.644 1.504 1.574
... .. .. ... .. .. ... .... ... .. .... ... .... ..... .... ... .. .. .. ... .. .. ....... .. ... .. .. .. ... .. .. ..


TANGELOS
0-30 miles
31-50 miles
51-80 miles
81-100 miles
100+ miles


$ Per Florida field box---
1.893 1.897 1.895
1.923 1.926 1.924
1.999 2.002 2.000
2.061 2.064 2.062
2.142 2.146 2.144


Stateave ..................................................... ........................... ............ ...... 972 .........
TANGERINES $ Per Florida field box
0-30 miles 2.923 2.923 2.923
31-50 miles 2.952 2.952 2.952
51-80 miles 3.028 3.028 3.028
81-100 miles 3.091 3.091 3.091
100+ miles 3.172 3.172 3.172
State average 3.001 3.001 3.001









Table 15-A.-Summary of Florida fresh citrus packing charges by variety 1994-95 season"
Grapefruit Oranges/Temples Tangerines Tangelos

Domestic Export
$ Per 4/5 Carton


Total packing $3.077 $3.228 $3.320 $4.031 $3.465
Label/PLU charges $0.133 $0.133 $0.133 $0.133 $0.133
Export handling charges $0.712 -

Pre-cooled charges $0.117 $0.117 $0.117 $0.117 $0.117

Eliminations:
Charges per field boxb $0.656 $0.656 $0.666 $0.701 $0.676
SRepresents data from ten fresh citrus packinghouses located in the Indian River and Central (Ridge)
citrus producing regions.
bAdd $0.35 per box charge for short haul distance to processing plant and up to $0.60 per box for
100+ miles hauling distance.









Table 16-A.-Historic prices' for selected citrus varieties
Variety
Early and Seedless grapefruit'
mid'-season Late season Temple All
Crop year oranges oranges oranges Tangerines Tangelos (white) (colored)


1961-62
1962-63
1963-64
1964-65
1965-66
1966-67
1967-68
1968-69
1969-70
1970-71
1971-72
1972-73
1973-74
1974-75
1975-76
1976-77
1977-78
1978-79
1979-80
1980-81
)981-82
1982-83
1983-84
1984-85
1985-86
1986-87
1987-88
1988-89
1989-90
1990-91
1991-92
1992-93
1993-94
1994-95
1995-96'


$1.93
2.17
4.43
2.57
1.44
0.81
1.86
1.56
1.15
1.10
1.98
1.43
1.38
1.46
1.69
1.89
3.90
4.44
3.59
3.67
4.27
4.88
5.09
7.30
3.92
4.56
6.72
6.63
6.01
5.38
5.44
3.16
3.58
3.01
3.44


$1.81
3.50
4.45
2.28
1.79
1.08
2.28
1.83
1.13
1.91
2.11
1.71
1.59
1.82
1.88
2.63
4.40
4.95
3.89
4.63
4.29
5.41
6.72
6.88
3.97
6.02
8.73
8.41
6.53
6.58
6.65
3.88
4.61
4.25
6.24


$2.17
3.09
4.45
2.77
1.80
0.88
2.79
2.22
1.47
1.91
1.95
1.95
1.64
1.68
1.79
2.16
3.92
4.89
2.89
4.21
4.01
3.99
5.34
5.59
3.01
3.60
5.69
5.46
5.64
6.31
6.51
2.99
2.73
2.89
4.10


$2.04
3.02
3.18
2.68
2.14
1.06
4.29
2.55
2.23
1.88
2.97
2.37
2.82
3.05
3.02
3.29
4.79
4.99
4.25
5.45
6.23
7.57
5.93
15.91
12.69
10.92
12.99
12.64
15.28
17.10
18.00
13.75
9.83
11.98
12.47


$3.36
4.66
4.83
4.00
2.85
1.64
3.22
2.47
1.13
1.04
1.69
1.39
1.25
1.45
1.42
1.42
3.29
3.90
2.87
3.92
3.58
4.37
4.28
7.08
4.06
3.72
5.58
6.31
5.10
6.11
7.16
3.31
2.38
2.18
3.69


$0.68
1.29
2.24
1.51
1.39
0.73
2.05
0.98
1.72
1.89
2.27
2.06
1.58
1.55
1.29
1.49
1.47
2.21
3.12
3.46
1.92
1.51
2.08
3.02
3.56
4.45
5.35
4.33
5.21
4.59

6.46
2.22
3.23
2.23
2.28


$0.86
1.81
2.54
1.82
1.64
0.94
2.48
1.15
1.92
2.15
2.69
2.53
2.12
2.59
2.23
2.04
2.09
3.13
3.80
4.22
2.80
3.20
4.05
4.84
4.98
5.80
5.93
4.71
6.30
6.85
6.87
3.11
3.38
1.82
1.71


"On-tree average price per box (1-3/5 bushel box equivalent) for all methods of sale minus pick and haul
charges.


bNavel and Hamlin
cParson Brown and Pineapple


dValencia


fPreliminary


"Marsh (white) or pink


Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.












Table 17-A.-Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity


Loan Interest rate paid on the loan
term
(years) 8.0% 8.5% 9.0% 9.5% 10.0% 10.5% 11.0% 11.5% 12.0% 12.5% 13.0% 13.5% 14.0% 14.5% 15.0%

1 926 922 917 913 909 905 901 897 893 889 885 881 877 873 870
2 1,783 1,771 1,759 1,747 1,754 1,724 1,713 1,701 1,690 1,679 1,668 1,657 1,647 1,636 1,626
3 2,577 2,554 2,531 2,509 2,487 2,465 2,444 2,423 2,402 2,381 2,361 2,341 2,322 2,302 2,283
4 3,312 3,276 3,240 3,204 3,170 3,136 3,102 3,070 3,037 3,006 2,974 2,944 2,914 2,884 2,855
5 3,993 3,941 3,890 3,840 3,791 3,743 3,696 3,650 3,605 3,561 3,517 3,475 3,433 3,392 3,352
6 4,623 4,554 4,486 4,420 4,355 4,292 4,230 4,170 4,111 4,054 3,998 3,942 3,889 3,836 3,784
7 5,206 5,119 5,033 4,950 4,868 4,789 4,712 4,640 4,564 4,492 4,423 4,355 4,288 4,224 4,160
8 5,747 5,639 5,535 5,433 5,335 5,239 5,146 5,056 4,968 4,882 4,799 4,718 4,639 4,562 4,487
9 6,247 6,119 5,995 5,875 5,759 5,646 5,537 5,431 5,328 5,228 5,132 5,038 4,946 4,858 4,772
10 6,710 6,561 6,418 6,279 6,145 6,015 5,889 5,768 5,650 5,536 5,426 5,319 5,216 5,116 5,019
11 7,139 6,969 6,805 6,647 6,495 6,348 6,207 6,070 5,938 5,810 5,687 5,568 5,453 5,341 5,234
12 7,536 7,345 7,161 6,984 6,814 6,650 6,492 6,341 6,194 6,054 5,918 5,787 5,660 5,538 5,421
13 7,904 7,691 7,487 7,291 7,103 6,923 6,750 6,583 6,424 6,270 6,122 5,979 5,842 5,710 5,583
14 8,244 8,010 7,786 7,572 7,367 7,170 6,982 6,801 6,628 6,462 6,302 6,149 6,002 5,861 5,724
15 8,559 8,304 8,061 7,828 7,606 7,394 7,191 69229 6,811 6,633 6,462 6,299 6,142 5,992 5,847
16 8,851 8,576 8,313 8,062 7,824 7,596 7,379 7,172 6,974 6,785 6,604 6,431 6,265 6,106 5,954
17 9,122 8,825 8,543 8,276 8,022 7,779 7,549 7,329 7,119 6,920 6,729 6,547 6,373 6,207 6,048
18 9,372 9,056 8,756 8,471 8,201 7,945 7,702 7,470 7,250 7,040 6,840 6,649 6,467 6,294 6,128
19 9,603 9,268 8,950 8,650 8,365 8,095 7,839 7,596 7,366 7,146 6,938 6,739 6,551 6,370 6,198
20 9,818 9,463 9,129 8,812 8,514 8,231 7,963 7.10' 7,469 7,241 7,025 6,819 6,623 6,437 6,259
25 10,675 10,234 9,823 9,438 9,077 8,739 8,422 8,123 7,843 7,579 7,330 7,095 6,873 6,663 6,464
30 11,258 10,747 10,274 9,835 9,427 9,047 8,868 8,364 8,055 7,766 7,496 7,242 7,003 6,778 6,566
35 11,655 11,088 10,567 10,087 9,644 9,234 8,855 8,503 8,175 7,870 7,586 7,320 7,070 6,836 6,617
40 11,925 11,315 10,757 10,247 9,779 9,348 8,951 8,587 8,244 7,928 7,634 7,361 7,105 6,866 6,642


'Example. Assumes a $10,000 after tax income at 11.5% interest rate and a 15-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $69,970
($6,997 x 10). At 11.5% interest rate and a 20-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $77,100 ($7,710 x 10).