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 Abstract
 Acknowledgements
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
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 Addenda














Budgeting costs and returns
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 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Budgeting costs and returns for Central Florida citrus production
Budgeting costs and returns for for <sic> Central Florida citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1995
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regular
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Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Marketing -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
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General Note: Title varies slightly: <1992-93>- Budgeting costs and returns for Central Florida Citrus Production.
General Note: Description based on: 1978-79; cover title.
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i (MULTIPLE)
    Acknowledgements
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Reference
        Page 10
    Addenda
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
Full Text

Ronald P. Muraro
Thomas W. Oswalt


Fh O-1


Economic Information
Report 96-2


DOCUMENT q


Budgeting Costs and Returns
for Central Florida Citrus
Production, 1995-96


J IVER3STY OF
Si.ORIDA


100
F637fe
EI96-2


Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Food and Resource Economics Department
Flonda Agricultural Expernment Stations
Florida Cooperative Extension Senrice
Gamesville. FL 32611


August 1996


~----- -- -- -- -- --- ----- -- --I----- -----^-- i----~- -I ---I--i


"-


'6


riri

















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing round oranges in the Central Florida citrus area are presented
for the twentieth consecutive year. Due to the freezes of the 1980's, the Central Florida citrus area refers
primarily to Polk and Highlands counties. The format presented may be used by individual growers to budget
costs and returns, utilizing individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Central Florida, budgeting, costs and returns.

NOTE: The Central Florida production area refers to Polk and Highlands counties. However, the costs
presented in this report are applicable to other counties such as Hardee, Hillsborough, Lake and
Orange counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used by growers-
-e.g., chemical mowing, new spray materials, rates of fertilization, microsprinkler irrigation,
more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs for specific grove care practices may be higher,
or lower, than reported in previous years.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom-managed operation. Therefore, all equipment
costs are based on the average custom rate costs, and a 10 percent handling and supervision
charge is added to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table 3 are representative for a
mature Central Florida Valencia orange grove, the grove care costs for a specific grove site
may differ depending upon the tree age, tree density and the grove practices performed; e.g.,
spot herbicide for grass/brush regrowth under tree could add an additional $18.94 per acre;
"skirting trees" or pruning the lower branches could add $14.80 per acre; extensive tree loss
due to blight or tristeza could substantially increase, the tree replacement and care costs;
spray applications to control citrus leafminer and nematicide applications of Temik or
Nemacur could increase the total cultural costs per acre above the average costs shown in the
comparative budgets; travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of the citrus grove and
distance from grove equipment barn and could add $26.25 per acre; etc.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of the Central Florida
citrus production area who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.
















TABLE OF CONTENTS




ABSTRACT .................................... ............ ................ i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ......................................... .... ...... i

LIST OF TABLES .................. ..................... ................... iii

INTRO DU CTION ....................................... ............ 1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION .............................................. 1

COSTS AND INPUTS ................ ..................................... 1

THE GROVE SITUATION .................. ............................. 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS ................ ................... ........... 4

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS ................................................. 6

REFERENCES ................................................... ........... 10

ADDENDA ........ ............................................. ........... 11


NOTE: The ADDENDA includes a Listing of Grove Care Programs for Central
Florida Citrus Production for Both Round Oranges and Grapefruit; 1996
custom rate summary report; cost of establishing a citrus grove; etc. Page
11 is a list of the tables included in the ADDENDA.


















ii















LIST OF TABLES


Tablews EM

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Central Florida citrus grove,
1995-96 ............... ...................................... 3

2 Calculation of normal production per acre, 1995-96 ........................... 4

3 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove
producing for the processed market, Central Florida area, 1995-96 ................ 5

4 Estimated total delivered-in cost for Central Florida (Ridge) Valencia oranges grown for
the processed juice market under three cultural cost programs, 1995-96 ............ 7

5 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a
mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus for processing in the Central Florida
area, 1991-92-1995-96 ........... ......................... ...... 8

6 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 1996 dollars) for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus for
processing in the Central Florida area, 1991-92-1995-96 ................. ..... 9










BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR CENTRAL
FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTION, 1995-96


Ronald P. Muraro and Thomas W. Oswalt


INTRODUCTION


Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions. Budget analysis can be used to calculate
potential profits from an operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation, and to determine break-
even prices. This report presents a budget constructed from current data and serves as a format for growers
to analyze costs and returns from their individual records. During the 1980's, several freezes occurred which
changed the character of the Central Florida citrus production area. The December 1983 and January 1985
freezes caused extensive tree and acreage losses in the north central counties such as Lake and Orange
counties. The December 1989 freeze resulted in severe tree damage and tree loss in North and Central Polk
County. Also, fruit loss was extensive during the 1989-90 season with approximately 30 percent of the
Valencia fruit crop in Polk and Highlands counties destroyed. Thus, Central Florida in this report refers
primarily to Polk and Highlands counties. Budgets for rehabilitating or replanting citrus groves where
extensive tree damage or loss has occurred are presented and discussed in a separate report.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom operators, input suppliers, growers, and
colleagues at the Citrus Research and Education Center in Lake Alfred. The survey is conducted annually
in February and March.


COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus growers as well as the average of
the data obtained from annual custom rate, chemical, and fertilizer surveys. Growers' costs are shown in the
ADDENDA, Table 1-A through 7-A. The custom rate costs are shown in Table 8-A and the various
chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in Table 9-A and 10-A in the ADDENDA. The budget costs


RONALD P. MURARO is a Professor of Food and Resource Economics and Extension Farm
Management Economist stationed at the Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred. THOMAS W.
OSWALT is Extension Agent, Citrus in Polk County, Bartow.





2



represent a custom-managed operation. Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the average custom-
rate costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to the material cost.
Although brand names are used in many of the tables in the ADDENDA, this does not imply
endorsement by the University of Florida. It is merely an attempt to depict typical production practices.
All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to insert data from a particular grove.
This will allow a comparison of the grower's costs with those presented.


THE GROVE SITUATION


Production practices for a Central Florida round orange grove are shown in Table 1 with times during
the year when they would likely be performed. There are two benefits to developing such a table for an
individual grove. First, it shows what work is needed and when, so that operations can be planned well in
advance. Second, it can be helpful if an annual cash flow analysis is developed to plan financing. The
individual grower may benefit from developing a plan for a particular grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it difficult to define a "typical" grove.
Many combinations of practices and various tree variety combinations produce acceptable yields and returns.
Although the example represents a Valencia orange grove, the cost and return data are designed to be
applicable to most grove situations. A grower, realtor, or land appraiser can substitute individual grove costs
and expected returns into the budget format and develop a budget for a particular grove. A "your cost"
column is appropriately provided for this purpose in subsequent tables.
In the following budget, above noted average management and cultural practices are assumed. Beyond
this general assumption, the following specifics are assumed.


1. A 20+ year-old, low volume-irrigated grove;

2. Variety is Valencia round orange;

3. Tree loss is 3 percent annually;

4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls below

50 percent of expected yield;

5. Production is for processed use;

6. Tree density is 78 trees per acre; and


7. Custom-caretaker is providing grove management.











Table I .-Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Central Florida citrus grove, 1995-96'

Month


Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov

50%
20% Partial
deposit payment


Total revenue:


Less: Pick & haul cost


DOC advertisement tax


Final
navment


Payment


X


X


Grove expenses:


Chop

Mow X X X

Labor, general grove work, pull sines X X

Herbicide (1/2 grove acre equivalent) X X

Spray: Post bloom/nutritional X

Summer oil/greasy spot X

Fall miticide X

Supplemental miticide

Dust

Fertilizer 68# N/A 68# N/A 68# N/A Dolomite

Hedging and topping Hedge

Brush removal/chop brush Chop brush

Tree removal X X

Young tree care X X X X X

Microjet irrigation (times/week) I I 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 I 1

Miscellaneous

Grove taxes including water management X


X

X


Interest expense

Annual principal payment on mortgage

This is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.


u,


X


DOC advertisement tax X










As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will vary. The budget reflects the following
age distribution:


Situation
3% pulled and reset
3% 1 year old
3% 2 years old
3% 3 years old
3% 4 years old
45% 5-19 years old
3% producing 50% of expected yield
37% mature producing


Calculation of normal production per acre is shown in Table 2. Note that the proportion-of-trees-by-age
column only adds to 91 percent since 9 percent of the trees are non-bearing.


Table 2.-Calculation of normal production per acre, 1995-96

Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes
Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ags ea. age' ae ----N p--
3 years 78 x 0.03 2.3 x 0.6 1.38
4 years 78 x 0.03 2.3 x 0.9 = 2.07
5-19 years 78 x 0.45 = 35.1 x 4.6 = 161.46
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 78 x 0.03 = 2.3 x 4.0 = 9.20
20 years 78 x 0.37 = 28.9 x 8.0 231.20
Total boxes = 405.31

'Proportion adds up to 0.91 (91 percent) as 9 percent of the trees were non-bearing (pulled and reset,
1 and 2 year old trees; see page 4).

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS


The estimated budget costs and returns for the Central Florida grove situation are shown in Table 3. The
budgeted costs represent one possible citrus production program and were selected from the costs shown in the
ADDENDA tables. The gross revenue estimates are based on the projected yields in Table 3 and estimated










Table 3.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing for the processed market Central Florida area, 1995-96'

Item Description Amount Your cost

--------- DolDls ----lars
I. Revenue 405 boxes @ $6.75' 2,733.75

II. Expenses'

Weed control
Discing 2 times per year 18.87
Mow middles 4 times per year 37.84
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 21.36
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Program #1, #2 & #8) 126.68 204.75 _
Spray program (Table I-A, Programs #2 & #9) 167.84
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #3) 157.43
Dolomite (Table 6-A, Program #2) 8.85
Pruning (maintenance)
.Topp Jng .- ($347.50/hr. + 10 A/hr.) + 2.5 yrs. 13.90
< .Remove brush from trees ($19.67/A + 2.5 yrs.) 7.87
-edginjg.. ($316.25/hr. +10 A/hr.)+ 2 yrs. 15.82
Mow/chop brush ($9.94/A 2 yrs.) 4.97 42.56
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees/stack/burn 3 trees per acre 18.18
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 3 trees per acre 23.83
Supplemental fertilizer, tree wraps, maintenance,
sprout, etc. Including application 32.91 74.92
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 7-A, Program #4) 133.35
Total grove care expenses 789.70

111. Management S4.00 per acre per month' 48.00

IV. Total specified costs' 83770

V. Return to land, trees, and ownership 1.896.05

VI. Break-even price for total grove care expenses

Boxes per acre Boxes per acre

300 350 400 450 500 300 350 400 450 500

$ On-tree price per box $ Delivered-in price pe pound solids
2.63 2.26 1.97 1.75 1.58 0.69 0.64 0.59 0.56 0.53

'Although the estimated nual per acre e cos shown in Table 3 re representative for mature Central orida Valencia orange ve the ve e costs for a specific site may differ depend n the races
performed e.g, a Temik application would add $130.70 per acre, extensive tree loss due to blight or tristez would double the tree replacement and care costs; travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of citrus grove and distance
from gve equipment ban
'On-tree price per box is preliminary. assumes price for processed oranges only
'Assumes material custom applied; therefore, a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to material cost
'Other methods to estimate a management cost-e g 5% of gross revenue or 10% of total grove care costs-are used in the industry Other selected methods will give a different retu to land and trees than reported here
Other cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes and interest on grove investment In addition to these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such a water drainage/district taxes, crop insurance.
and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and time of purchase or grove establishment
'Assumes 6.5 pounds solids per box and S 1 90 pick and haul cost per box Does not include Department of Citrus advertising assessment of SO 155 per box.










preliminary on-tree prices for the 1995-96 season. Historical on-tree prices for selected Florida citrus varieties
are shown in Table 12-A of the ADDENDA.
As shown in Table 3, the total revenue for processed-market Valencia oranges is estimated to be $2,733.75
per acre. Total specified costs are $837.70 and are comprised of grove care costs of $789.70, plus management
cost of $48.00. Return to land and trees of $1,896.05 represents net return above variable costs. The break-even
price required to cover grove care costs for Valencia oranges range from $2.63 to $1.58 per box on-tree and
$0.69 to $0.53 per pounds solids delivered-in at 300 and 500 boxes per acre, respectively.
Ad valorem taxes, and overhead and administrative costs (such as water drainage district taxes, crop
insurance, and other grower assessments) can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary
from grove to grove depending on age, location, variety of fruit, etc. and should be considered in arriving at net
return to land, trees and ownership (total return minus total costs). Harvest costs (pick, roadside, and hauling
costs) also add to the total fruit cost delivered to either a processing plant or fresh fruit packinghouse. Also,
average annual debt payment (principal and interest) may be as high as $530 per acre ($4,500 average debt per
acre @ 10 percent interest amortized over 20 years) which would reduce total available cash for grove expansion
or other investment.
An estimated "delivered-in" costs are shown for processed oranges in Table 4. "Delivered-in" costs
include grove care costs (Table 3) plus harvesting, regulatory, and grower assessment costs. The "delivered-in"
cost is presented as a cost per acre, per box, and per pound solids. Three possible budget cost scenarios are
presented: 1) Typical/ Historical Processed Cultural Program; 2) Reduced Cost Processed Cultural Program;
and 3) Low Cost Processed Cultural Program. The first scenario represents typical costs of grove practices which
have been performed for citrus grown for the fresh fruit market. Scenarios 2 and 3 represent costs of two possible
cultural programs directed toward reducing the expenditures grown primarily for fruit for the processed market.
Modified herbicide and/or spray and fertilizer programs account for the reduced costs. NOTE: Before modifyine
a grove management program to reduce costs, an evaluation of the market program processedd or fresh), yield.
and specific cultural problems (nutrition. disease. etc.) for the specific grove site should be made.


HISTORICAL COST TRENDS


Annual budgets of costs and returns for mature, processed Valencia oranges in the Central Florida area
have been developed and published the past four years. Estimated cost and return histories for 1991-92 through
1994-95 along with 1995-96, and a five-year average are presented in Table 5. To allow comparisons in current
values, these same costs and returns, adjusted to 1996 dollars, are presented in Table 6.











Table 4.--Estimated total delivered-in cost for Central Florida (Ridge) Valencia oranges grown for the processed juice market under three cultural cost
programs, 1995-96

Processed Valencia Oranges Processed Valencia Oranges Processed Valencia Oranges
Typical/Historical Reduced Cost Low Cost
Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Program

$/Acre S/Box $P.S. $/Acre $/Box $/Acre $/P.S.
$/P.S. S/Box

Total Production/Cultural Costs $ 825.99 $2.039 $0.3138 $ 789.70 $1.950 $0.3000 $ 698.25 $1.724 $0.2652

Interest on Operating (Cultural) Costs 41.30 0.102 0.0157 39.49 0.097 0.0150 34.91 0.086 0.0133

Management Costs 48.00 0.119 0.0182 48.00 0.119 0.0182 48.00 0.119 0.0182

Taxes/Regulatory Costs:
Property Tax and Water Management Tax 59.15 Q.146 .Q0225 59.15 Q146 0.0225 59.15 .146 0.i225

Total Direct Grower Costs $ 974.44 $2.406 $0.3702 $ 936.34 $2.312 $0.3557 $ 840.31 $2.075 $0.3192

Interest on Average Capital Investment Costs 389.40 961 01479 389.40 Q.961 01479 389.40 Q.61 $0.1479

Total Grower Costs $1,363.84 $3.368 $0.5181 $1,325.74 $3.273 $0.5036 $1,229.71 $3.036 $0.4671

Harvesting and Assessment Costs:
Pick/Spot Pick, Roadside and Haul 769.50 1.900 0.2923 769.50 1.900 0.2923 769.50 1.900 0.2923
Fruit Drenching (Fresh) -- -
DOC Assessment 62.78 Q155 0.0238 62.78 .55 0.0238 62.78 0.1 00238

Total Harvesting and Assessment Costs 832.28 2.055 0.3162 832.28 2.055 0.3162 832.28 2.055 0.3162

Total Delivered-In Cost $2J.96 $5.423 $S8342 $2.158.01 $L52_ $Q0.819 $S2.061. $5.0 $


P.S. = Pound Solids Fall Miticide Spray; fertilizer Refer to cultural program shown Only summer spray with oil,
reduced to 204 pounds of nitrogen in Table 3. Fertilizer reduced to copper, and Agri-mek; fertilizer
Yield: 405 boxes/acre @ 6.5 P.S. per box per acre. 204 pounds of nitrogen per acre. reduced to 180 pounds of
nitrogen per acre.












Table 5.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus for
processing in the Central Florida area, 1991-92-1995-96


On-tree Gross Total grove Total specified Net return to land,
Year price/box' Yield revenue care expenses costs trees, and ownership
---------------- Dollars
1991-92 $7.03 405 2,847.15 798.89 846.89 2,000.26

1992-93 $3.95 405 1,599.75 789.21 837.21 762.54

1993-94 $4.63 405 1,875.15 735.53' 783.53 1,091.62

1994-95 $4.25 405 1,721.25 755.05' 803.05 918.20

1995-96 $6.75b 405 2,733.75 789.70' 837.70 1,896.05

5-yr. avg. $5.32 405 2,154.60 773.68 821.68 1,332.92

'On-tree prices for processed oranges only as reported by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
bPreliminary estimate by authors at time of printing and is not a published price.
cRepresents a "reduced cost" cultural program which many citrus growers have employed. In 1994-95, and again in 1995-96, the cost of fertilizer
materials and the supplemental maintenance costs of resets have increased substantially over previous years.
dA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included.













Table 6.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns (adjusted to 1996 dollars) for a mature, Valencia orange
grove producing citrus for processing in the Central Florida area, 1991-92-1995-96


Adjusted
Inflation on-tree Gross Total specified Net return to land,
Year factor index' price/box Yield revenue costs trees, and ownership
---------- Dollars ----------

1991-92 110.8 $7.79 405 3,154.95 938.35 2,216.60

1992-93 109.3 $4.32 405 1,749.60 915.07 834.53

1993-94 107.9 $5.00 405 2,025.00 845.43 1,179.57

1994-95 104.2 $4.43 405 1,794.15 836.78 957.37

1995-96 100.0 $6.75 405 2,733.75 837.70 1,896.05

5-yr. avg. $5.66 405 2,292.30 874.67 1,417.63

'Producer price index for each year adjusted to 1996 prices (1996 = 100), with 1996 consumer price index estimated to be 129.9. Producer price
index for other years are: 1992= 117.2; 1993 = 118.9; 1994 = 120.4; and 1995 = 124.7.

bA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included. (Refer
to Table 5.)









REFERENCES


1. Citrus Summary 1995-96. Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. Florida Agricultural Statistics.
Jan. 1996.

2. Knapp, J. L. (Ed.). 1996 Florida Citrus Pest Management Guide. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP
43. Gainesville: Jan. 1996. 69 pp.

3. Muraro, Ronald P. "A Listing of Estimated Comparative Central Florida (Ridge) Citrus Production
Costs Per Acre for 1995-96." Lake Alfred Citrus Research and Education Center (CREC) Report.
Lake Alfred, FL: May 1996.

4. "Cost for Establishing, Planting, and Maintaining a Citrus Grove through Four Years of
Age, North Florida Area." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: March 1990.

5. "A Listing of 1996 Custom Rates Reported by Thirty-eight Ridge Citrus Caretakers." Lake
Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: May 1996.

6. and John L. Jackson. Ten-year Analysis for Rehabilitation of Freeze Damaged Citrus Groves.
Univ. of Fla., Food and Resource Econ. Staff Paper 270. Jan. 1985.

7. and J. Fred Kurras. "Estimating the Damage to Citrus Trees and Resulting Value Loss Due to
the January, 1982 Freeze," Florida Food and Resource Economics No. 39 (Mar.-Apr. 1982). Univ. of
Fla.: Gainesville.

8. Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Aae. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8. Gainesville: 1960.

9. Tucker, D. P. H., A. K. Alva, L. K. Jackson, and T. A. Wheaton (Eds.). Nutrition of Florida Citrus
Tres. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP 169. Gainesville: 1995. 61 pp.










ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Programs for Central Florida Citrus Production for Both Round
Oranges and Grapefruit'

Page

Table 1-A. Spray programs ........... ...... ...................... .......... 12

Post bloom spray ................................... .. ......... 12
Summer spray ..................................... ............. 13
Fall spray ............ .. .. ......................... ... ........... 14

Table 2-A. Herbicide ......................... .......................... 15

Table 3-A. Dry fertilizer .............. .. ......................... ......... 17

Table 4-A. Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application) .. .......... .............. 18

Table 5-A. Nematicides ................................................... 18

Table 6-A. Soil amendment ............................................... 19

Table 7-A. Irrigation-annual cost per acre ............... ...................... 19

Permanent overhead ................ ............................... 19
M icrosprinkler .......... ...................................... 19

Table 8-A. A listing of 1996 custom rates reported by thirty-eight Ridge citrus caretakers ..... 20

Table 9-A. 1996 summary of average chemical price estimates .......................... 22

Table 10-A. 1996 summary of average fertilizer price estimates ......................... 24

Table 11-A. Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four
years of age, North Florida area ....................................... 26

Table 12-A. Historic prices for selected citrus varieties .......... ..................... 27

Table 13-A. Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity .......... 28

Abbreviations for important chemicals are:

B = Boron Mn = Manganese
Cu = Copper N = Nitrogen
Fe = Iron Zn = Zinc
Mg = Magnesium

The costs in the ADDENDA represent a custom managed operation. Therefore, all equipment costs are
based upon the average custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to the
material cost.











Table 1-A.-Spray programs


POST BLOOM SPRAY


Spray Program #1


Spray Program #2


Spray Program #3


Spray Program #4


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+ %
Agri-Mek
Cu (50% metallic)
Zn
Mn

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Zn
Mn
Micromite 25WP

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Morestan 25WP

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 50WP
Zn
Mn

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$12.50
26.50
15.00
4.05
3.70

2L4


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
5 ozs
10 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs

150 gals


Amount
/Acre

10 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs
1.25 lbs

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$15.00
4.05
3.70
42.35

25.04


$902


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$22.50
37.95

2L2Q


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs
2.5 Ibs

250 gals


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$47.36
4.05
3.70

2.0q


- ----------- ------ -------______ _


------- -- --- ---- ---- -- ----------I--- ------------


_ --------------------------------------- 1 11_1 II


- ------ --- ------ - - --I- -


$80.15











Table 1-A.-Spray programs (cont'd.)

POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #5

(Scale insects)


SUMMER SPRAY


Spray Program #6


Spray Program #7


Spray Program #8


Materials/Ingredients

Lorsban 4EC

Ground Application
(engine driven)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+ %
Cu (50% material)
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+ %
Agri-Mek
Cu (50% material)
Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$43.68

2274


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$12.50
10.50
28.38


Amount
/Acre

7 pts

500 gals


Amount
/Acre
5 gals
7 lbs
6.0 pts

250 gals


Amount
/Acre
5 gals
6 pts

500 gals


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
10 ozs
7 lbs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$12.50
28.38

2974


Cost/Acre

$12.50
52.00
10.50

28.20










Table l-A.-Spray programs (cont'd.)

SUMMER SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #9


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+ %
Agri-Mek
Cu (50% material)

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Spray Program #10


FALL SPRAY


Spray Program #11


Spray Program #12


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Dicofol 4EC
Spray Buffer

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 50WP

Ground Application
(engine driven)

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
5 ozs
7 lbs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$12.50
26.50
10.50

2&12


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$17.50

2L20


Amount
/Acre

7 gals

250 gals


Amount
/Acre

6 pts
2.5 pts

150 gals


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$38.82
1.93

25.4


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$47.36

2LQ4


$22.4


__


_____ ________________I_______________________


I__ 1_______1_____________ I










Table 1-A.-Spray programs (cont'd.)

FALL SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #13


Materials/Inredients

Thiolux (Sulfur)

Ground Application

Total per Application


Table 2-A.-Herbicide


Herbicide Program #1

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #2

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #3

(Strip/band)


Materials

Solicam 80 DF
Karmex WP
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Surflan A80 DF
Simazine 4L
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Karmex WP
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)


Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

3 lbs
4 lbs
2 qts
2 pts


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
4 qts
2 qts
2pts


Amount/
Treated Acre

4 lbs
2 qts
2 pts


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$11.25


$29.


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$22.40
9.22
12.32
2.12

11.3


$57.79


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$15.92
7.36
12.32
2.12


1L2D


$42A5


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$9.22
12.32
2.12


1123


$35.3


_ ______~ __


_____~__~___ I____ __I_


__ _I __ ~


_ I_______~~ _~_~I~~LI__ __










Table 2-A.-Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #4

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #5

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #6

(Strip/band)


Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Krovar I
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials


Roundup
Princep (Caliber 90)
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
2 pts


Amount/
Treated Acre

4 lbs
2 qts
2 qts


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
4 lbs
2 pts


Herbicide Program #7

(Strip/band)


Direx 4L
Solicam
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


*With respect to herbicide materials, Amount Per Grove Acre does nDt eual Amount Per Treated Acre
shown on the label as only a strip or band is being treated. In this report, it is assumed that only 50% or one-
half of a grove acre is being treated.


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$12.32
2.12

11.73


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$20.24
12.32
2.12

11.73


$k46


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$12.32
7.46
2.12

11.73


Amount/
Treated Acre

3 qts
3 lbs
2 qts
1 qt


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$8.64
22.40
12.36
2.12

1173


_ ~___ I~


--- --- -- --- --- --- -- --- --- --- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- -- -- -- - -


- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --


_____________________ ______


Materials









Table 2-A.-Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #8

(Spot herbicide for
grass/brush regrowth
under trees.)


Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)


Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Table 3-A.-Dry fertilizer


Program #1

(162 Ibs N/Acre)


Program #2

(180 Ibs N/Acre)


Program #3

(204 Ibs N/Acre)


Program #4

(225 Ibs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied
12-2-12-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
16-0-16-4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
16-0-16-4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

15-2-15-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
2pts


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$12.32
2.12


15 gals


$L44


Amount
/Acre

1350 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1125 Ibs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1275 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1500 Ibs

3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$117.45

23.55
$141.0


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$118.13



$416


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$133.88
23.55


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$145.50
23.55


__ ________________I_________I_____________


-- ------------ - ------ -- -_ _


~


_________II_________________I___________










Table 4-A.-Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application)


Program #1

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Program #2
(180 Ibs N/Acre)


Program #3

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-0-10

Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
AppDlied
10-2-10

Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-0-10
Solicam 80 DF
Karmex WP

Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


*Treated acre (one herbicide application)


Table 5-A.-Nematicides


Analysis/Material
Applied

Temik 15G

Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre
33 Ibs


Cost/Acre

$116.82

13.88

$130.70


Analysis/Material Amount
Applied /Acre Cost/Acre

Nemacur 15G 67 lbs $243.21

Application 1388

Total per Application $2


Analysis/Material
Applied

Nemacur 15G

Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre
50 lbs


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$181.50


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$113.40


35.01

$148.4


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$118.80

35.01

WD-L


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre
1800 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs
3 lbs*
4 lbs*

3 times


Cost/Acre

$113.40
22.40
9.22

35.01


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #1


Program #2


Program #3


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


__


- -- ------------ ---- ----- -- ----- ----- ------ -- ---









Table 6-A.-Soil amendment


Program #1

(Every 3 years)


Program #2
(Every 4 years)


Analysis/Material
Applied

Dolomite (Delivered)

Application
Total for 1 Application
(Average 1/3 Ton Applied/Yr)


Analysis/Material
Applied

Dolomite (Delivered)
Application

Total for 1 Application

(Average 1/4 Ton Applied/Yr)


Table 7-A.--Irrigation--annual cost per acre


PERMANENT OVERHEAD


Operating


Maintenance of System
Total Cash Expenses

Fixed Depreciation Expense

Total Cash and Fixed Expenses


Program #1

$ 73.48
(Electric)

34.38
$108.36

55.73
$ILM [1


=


MICROSPRINKLER



Operating


Maintenance of System

Total Cash Expenses

Fixed Depreciation Expense

Total Cash and Fixed Expenses


Amount
/Acre

1 ton

1 time


Amount
/Acre

1 ton
1 time


Cost/Acre

$27.55


s35.JQ

s$.80


Cost/Acre
$27.55

7.85
$.8^5


Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #2
$ 61.15
(Diesel)
34.38

$ 95.53

59.54

$155.07


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #3

$ 35.50
(Electric)

46.85

$ 82.35

52.94

$135.29


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #4

$ 29.94
(Diesel)

46.85

$ 76.85

56.56

$133.35


= ==


~---I --- -1--11`~-~''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''









Table 8-A.-A listing of 1996 custom rates reported by thiy-hree Ridge citrus caretaker

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rater Comments


CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT:
Hand Hoe/Hand Labor
Tractor/Equipment Operator Labor (Driver)
Rotovate
Disc 7'
Disc 7'
Disc 9'-10'
Disc 9'-10'
Chop
Chop
Mow 5'-7'
Mow 9'-10'
Mow 15'-16'
Mow 5'-7'
Mow 9'-10'
Mow 15'-16'
Ditch Bank Mower (22 ft. reach)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Single Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Single Boom)
Herbicide. (Strip/Band-Double Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Double Boom)
Herbicide (Piggy Back Appl.)
Herbicide' (Chemical Mow)
Temik/Nemacur
Plow
Deviner
Bush Hog
Pickup Truck with Driver
Pickup Truck without Driver
Flatbed Transport Truck with Driver
Tractor with Driver
Water/Supply Truck


$9.00-
9.60-
25.00-
25.00-
6.25-
25.40-
6.00-
25.00-
6.25-
25.00-
25.40-
29.60-
7.50-
8.00-
8.00-

25.30-
10.00-
9.00-
28.90-
13.00-
5.00-
12.00-
25.00-

25.00-
19.00-
11.50-
24.55-
24.00-
22.50-


$15.00 $10.68 Plus transportation
15.00 12.40
36.50 30.27
33.50 27.50
9.00 7.52 One-way discing
32.00 28.91
9.40 7.91 One-way discing; Avg. $10.11 two-way discing
33.50 27.62
9.00 8.14 One-way chopping; Avg. $10.00 two-way chopping
35.00 28.17
35.75 29.93
35.00 32.03
10.00 8.60
11.25 9.46
11.25 9.81
50.00
33.50 28.33 Plus materials
15.00 12.52 Plus materials
15.40 11.73 Plus materials
33.50 30.43 Plus materials
14.50 13.71 Plus materials
10.95 7.83 Plus materials; Avg. 26.88/hour
16.00 13.88 Plus materials
30.00 26.23
25.00
35.00 29.17
27.00 23.61 Avg. miles/year/pickup: 16,250
15.00 13.19
32.00 27.47 Avg. $2.00/mile-Avg. miles/year: 17,600
35.00 25.96
29.20 25.19


Semi-Truck with Driver-Avg. $47.50/hour; Pickup Truck-$50/day; Transport Truck-$75/day


SPRAYING:'
Tree-See Air Blast Sprayer

Windmill Sprayer


500 GPA
250 GPA
125 GPA
100 GPA

Aerial (Fixed Wing)

DUSTING:'
Ground Application

FERTILIZE AND SOIL AMENDMENTS:"
Inject Liquid Fertilizer into irrigation System
Liquid Boom Application:
Double Boom
Dry (Bulk)
Lime or Dolomite
Lime or Dolomite
Fertilize Young Trees:' Hand Spread
Fert. Spreader

IRRIGATION:

Microsprinkler
Microsprinkler
Freeze Protection with Irrigation

3 or 4-Wheel ATV
Ring Young Trees: Hand Labor
Mechanical


Hour 100.00- 103.20 101.60 Includes all labor and auxiliary equipment; $27/acre

$17.50/acre @ 50 GPA; $15.00/acre @ 25 GPA

AIR BLAST SPRAYER

Engine Driven PTO Powered


Acre 26.00- 35.50 29.74 24.00- 33.00 28.00
Acre 24.00- 33.50 28.20 22.00- 27.10 23.70
Acre 20.00- 25.00 22.67 19.00- 23.50 20.13
Acre 18.00- 23.00 19.86 15.50- 18.00 17.17

Fixed Wing: $4.00/acre @ 5 GPA; $8.00/acre @ 10 GPA; $12.00/acre @ 15 GPA; $16.00/acre @ 20 GPA


Acre $7.50- $10.00 $ 8.32 Plus materials


Acre $2.00- $3.50 $2.86 One reporting $55.00/hookup


Acre 10.00-
Acre 5.50-
Acre 6.25-
Ton 6.00-
Hour 9.00-
Hour 25.00-


15.00 11.67
10.50 7.51 Average $33.05/hour
10.50 7.85
10.00 7.57 Average $33.85/ton
15.00 10.68 Plus transportation
35.00 28.03 Plus materials


Avg. $2.32/acre; Avg. $25.00/month
Range Per Trip $25.00 to $55.00
$45.00 per night per system


Hour 14.40-
Hour 9.00-
Hour 25.00-


Startsatop and supervision
Start/stop and supervision (depending on mileage)


22.50 17.39 Check/repair microsprinkler irrigation system-plus materials
15.00 10.68 Labor plus equipment
35.00 28.50


(OVER)








Table 8-A.-A listing of 1996 custom rates reported by thirty-three Ridge citrus caretakers (cont'd.)

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Ratd Comments

REMOVING TREES:
Tree Shearing (Cutting Tree at Ground
Level) Hour $50.00- $55.00 $ 52.50 Average trees sheared: 10 to 25 treea/hour
Front End Loader Hour 45.00- 55.00 48.50 Average trees removed: 5 to 15 trees/hour

Bulldozer. Averaged $55/hour, Semi-Tractor and Low Boy Trailer: $55/hour

PRUNING:
General Pruning (Rehab) Per Tree $ 3.00- $ 5.00 $ 3.81 Depending upon treea/acre requiring pruning
Power Saw with Operator Hour 15.10- 20.00 16.38 Plus transportation
Power Saw without Operator Hour 5.25- 7.00 5.85
Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer Hour 120.00- 125.00 122.50 Cover 7-10 acres two passes; 12-20 acres one pas
Hedging:
Single Side (Tractor Mounted) Hour 55.00- 75.00 65.00 Cover 2-5 acres/hour
Double Side (Tractor Pulled) Hour 80.00- 82.50 81.25 Cover 3-5 acres/hour
Double Side (Self Propelled) Hour 290.00- 335.00 316.25 Cover 10-20 acres/hour depending on wood size
Double Side (Self Propelled) Hour 200.00- 240.00 221.67 Cover 4-12 acres/hour depending on wood size
Topping:
Tractor Pulled Hour 100.00 Cover 1-3 acres/hour
Self Propelled Hour 320.00- 380.00 347.50 Cover 5-10 acrer/hr (Roof Top); 5-20 acrea/hr (Flat Top)
Double Boom (Self Propelled) Hour 525.00 Cover 2-12 acres/hr (Roof Top); 15-30 acrea/hr (Flat Top)
Removing Brush:
Haul Brush out of Grove Hour 31.60- 34.50 32.51 Tractor-trailer/truck, driver plus I person
Front-end Loader (Push Brush) Hour 45.00- 55.00 48.00 2-10 acres/hour
Chop/Mow Brush Hour 25.00- 35.00 28.91 3-6 acres/hour
Chop/Mow Brush Acre 8.00- 10.00 8.67

BANK AND UNBANK TREES:
Hand Labor Hour $ 9.00- S 15.00 $ 10.68 Labor plus transportation; Bankunbank @ 60C per tree
Mechanical Hour 20.00- 26.20 23.47

OTHER CUSTOM RATES:
Plant Resets Per Tree $ 1.75- $ 3.00 $ 2.37 Stake, plant and first watering
Solid Set Planting Per Tree 1.00- 1.30 1.13 Stake, plant and first watering
Travel/Setup Charge Hour 26.10 Average for those reporting
Mechanic Labor Hour 25.00- 35.00 29.00 Includes truck
Grove Management Charge/Month:
Supervising Grove Care Operations Acre 2.50- 4.50 2.94 In addition to caretaking charges
Handling Fruit Marketing Box 0.10- 0.25 0.18 2% of gross

Supervising/Handling Chemicals/Fertilizer 10% to 20% of materials cost; Average $3.00/acre
One reporting 1% WPS/Environmental Charge on all activities except labor

Total Reported Acreage Provided Grove
Service to: Acre 500- 12.800 2.602 Total acres reporting: 57.254

'Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor and sprayer; supply truck included by most caretakers.

'Calculated by dividing the total number of caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all
charges.


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, Lake Alfred CREC, May 1996.







Table 9-A.--1996 summary of average chemical price estimates


Average
Item Unit Price


Fungicides: Aliette 80WP lb. 13.53
Benlate lb. 15.82
Basic Copper Sulfate (53%) lb. 1.36
Copper (50%) (Kocide 101) lb. 2.03
Copper (40%) (Kocide 606) gal. 14.63
Carbamate 76WP lb. 3.86
Oil 435 or 455 gal. 2.27
Ridomil 2E gal. 154.28
Ridomil 5G lb. 4.65
Insecticides/Nematicides:
Admire gal. 538.75
Agri-Mek (0.15EC) gal. 617.20
Carzol 92 SP lb. 29.75
Comite 6.55 EC gal. 77.55
Dicofol 4 EC gal. 47.06
Eclipse lb. 53.13
Ethion gal. 34.40
Guthion 2L gal. 30.76
Guthion 50WP lb. 8.01
Kelthane MF gal. 47.72
Logic Bait lb. 7.52
Lorsban 4EC gal. 45.34
Lorsban 15G lb. 1.85
Malathion 5 E gal. 21.53
Metasystox-R gal. 48.80
Methyl Bromide 98/2 (200 lbs.) lb. 1.15
Micromite 25WP lb. 30.80
Morestan 25WP lb. 13.80
Nemacur 3EC gal. 66.90
Nemacur 15G lb. 3.30
Sevin 80S lb. 4.30
Sevin XLR gal. 24.71
Sulphur 6F gal. 3.62
Sulphur Dust ton 326.67
Supracide 2 EC gal. 47.26
Temik 15G lb. 3.22
Thiolux 80 DF lb. 0.68
Vapam gal. 4.96
Vendex 50W lb. 21.53


(Continued on Reverse Side)







Table 9-A.--1996 summary of average chemical price estimates (cont'd.)
Average
Item Unit Price


Herbicides: DeVine pt. 75.00
Devrinol 50WP lb. 7.87
Direx 4L gal. 20.63
Eptam gal. 29.84
Fusilade DX gal. 141.34
Goal gal. 74.68
Gramoxone (Paraquat) gal. 36.51
Hyvar X lb. 14.76
Karmex lb. 4.19
Krovar I lb. 9.20
Princep (Caliber 90) lb. 3.39
Princep 4L gal. 15.13
Prowl gal. 28.58
Rodeo (30 gal drum) gal. 104.61
Roundup (30 gal drum) gal. 44.78
Simazine 4L gal. 13.33
Solicam lb. 13.57
Surflan AS gal. 57.90
Torpedo IE gal. 49.20
Touchdown gal. 63.25
Treflan gal. 32.90
Growth Regulators:
Citrus Fix gal. 400.99
Pro-Gibb 3.91% 20 oz. 41.72
Tre-Hold gal. 72.72
Other Spray Materials:
Borates (15%) lb. 0.77
Manganese (32%) lb. 0.34
Zinc (78%) lb. 0.74
Adjuvant (Surfactant) gal. 15.42
Nutritional Spray Mix:
Goemar BM 86 gal. 28.50
Goemar MZ 63 gal. 30.50
NutraLeaf (20-20-20) lb. 0.67
Sequestrene 138 FE lb. 10.70
Peter's 20-20-20 Foliar lb. 0.64
Key Plex 350 gal. 15.24
Dyna Gold MZF gal. 7.34
Soil Applied Iron Humate lb. 0.10


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University
of Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, May 1996.


- -






Table 10-A.--1996 summary of average fertilizer price estimates
Average
Item Unit Price

FERTILIZER (FOB Price @ Plant) $
Slow Release (Young Tree)*
IBDU (N 31%) ton 800.00
Osmocote: 18-4-12 (NPK) ton 1,250.00
ESCOTE: (N 40%) ton 1,725.00
Nutralene/Hydrolene (N 40%) ton 932.80
Sulfur Coated Urea (39%-40% N)
Bulk ton 355.00
In Bags ton 385.00
Dry Mix (BulkW
17-0-17-3Mg ton 188.15
17-4-17-2.4, ton 196.56
16-0-16 ton 160.20
16-0-16-4, ton 190.76
16-2-16-3, ton 187.36
15-2-12-2.4, ton 175.28
12-2-12-2.4, ton 158.62
8-8-8 w/minors** ton 141.71
8-4-8 w/minors** ton 135.04
8-2-8 w/minors** ton 136.38
6-6-6 w/minors** ton 132.02
Liquid Mix (Bulk)
8-2-8 ton 104.80
8-4-8 ton 112.10
9-3-9 ton 116.30
9-4-9 ton 119.17
10-0-10 ton 113.80
10-2-10 ton 120.73
12-0-6 ton 121.27
12-3-6 ton 132.57

*Slow Release Elements are indicated in parenthesis.

**With organic nitrogen, the price averaged 25% higher.


(Continued on Reverse Side)







Table 10-A.--1996 summary of average fertilizer price estimates (cont'd.)

Average
Item Unit Price

Foliar N $
UNOCAL Plus (20% N) gal 1.45
Spray Grade Urea (46% N) ton 335.63
Spray Grade Urea (23% N) gal 0.95
Spray Grade Potassium Nitrate (14% N) ton (bags) 397.50
Other Fertilizer Materials (Bulk)
Ammonium Nitrate (21% N Liquid) ton 148.75
Ammonium Nitrate (33.5% N Dry) ton 211.67
Ammonium Sulfate (21% N) ton 129.00
Calcium Nitrate (19% Ca, 15.5% N) ton 209.00
Dolomite (at mine--49% CaCO3, 36% MgCO3) ton 15.00
Gypsum (at mine--20%-28% Ca) ton 16.00
High Cal Lime (at mine--36%-39% Ca) ton 16.75
Muriate of Potash (42% K) ton 139.00
Potassium Nitrate (14% N) ton 327.50
Sul-Po-Mag (SPM) ton 171.25
Super Phosphate (8% P) ton 150.67
Triple Superphosphate (19% P) ton 213.83
Average Delivery Cost ton 9.95
Double Liquid Boom Application Charge acre 11.50

SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University
of Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, May 1996.


lk (;,-O*









Table ll-A.-Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four years of age, North Florida area
Cost Per Acre

Range Average
$ $
Land Cost' 2,500-4,500 3,450
Land Preparation (clearing, disking, leveling) 275- 7002 350
Soil Amendments: Dolomite 1 ton 35
Super Phosphate, 400 lbs. 30
Cover Crop 9- 16 12
Irrigation System: Microsprinkler with Well3 850-1,650 1,350
without Well 525-1,250 975
Water Permits, Environmental Studies, and Engineering: Cost 35- 80 50
Time in Months 3- 8 6
Percent Land Utilization: Planted to Citrus 90%- 97% 95%
Roads and Service Areas 3%- 10% 5%
North Florida
Year

1 2 3 4

Solidset Planted Trees -------------- Cost Per Tree --------------
Microsprinkler Irrigation and Ditch Maintenance $0.37 $0.45 $0.55 $0.65
Fertilize Tree 0.25 0.40 0.55 0.57
Supplemental Fertilization thru Irrigation 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.29
Spray 0.42 0.55 0.65 0.75
Insulated Tree Wrap (annual maintenance) 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.00
Sprouting (labor) 0.20 0.20 0.00 0.00
Cultivation/Mowing 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40
Herbicide 0.45 0.45 0.45 0.45
Ridomil/Aliette 0.35 0.35 0.00 0.00
Miscellaneous 0.43 0.49 0.47 0.47
Total Cost Per Year $3.27 $3.74 $3.57 $3.58
Reset Trees (annual additional grove care costs) $2.13 $2.47 $1.84 -
Cost of Planting Trees' Solidset = $6.75 Reset = $8.05

'Land cost will vary from one county to another as well as from one parcel to another.

'includes fumigation cost of $330 per acre.

3Irrigation costs include distribution system, power unit and well (where indicated.) The higher cost ranges reported
also included a cost for fertigation equipment.

The per tree costs shown are applicable for tree densities of 145 to 165 trees per acre. The per tree costs should be
decreased for higher density plantings and increased for lower density plantings; e.g., at 200 trees per acre decrease
costs by 15%; at 115 trees per acre increase costs by 15%.

-Tree cost (bare root) = $3.25; stake, plant, and water tree = $1.25 (solidset) and'2.55 (resets); and insulated tree wrap
= $2.25.


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, March 1990.








Table 12-A.-Historic prices for selected citrus varieties

Variety
Early and Seedless grapefruit'
mid'-season Late season Temple All
Crop year oranges oranges oranges Tangerines Tangelos (white) (colored)


1961-62
1962-63
1963-64
1964-65
1965-66
1966-67
1967-68
1968-69
1969-70
1970-71
1971-72
1972-73
1973-74
1974-75
1975-76
1976-77
1977-78
1978-79
1979-80
1980-81
1981-82
1982-83
1983-84
1984-85
1985-86
1986-87
1987-88
1988-89
1989-90
1990-91
1991-92
1992-93
1993-94
1994-95'


$1.93
2.17
4.43
2.57
1.44
0.81
1.86
1.56
1.15
1.10
1.98
1.43
1.38
1.46
1.69
1.89
3.90
4.44
3.59
3.67
4.27
4.88
5.09
7.30
3.92
4.56
6.72
6.63
6.01
5.38
5.44
3.16
3.58
2.56


$1.81
3.50
4.45
2.28
1.79
1.08
2.28
1.83
1.13
1.91
2.11
1.71
1.59
1.82
1.88
2.63
4.40
4.95
3.89
4.63
4.29
5.41
6.72
6.88
3.97
6.02
8.73
8.41
6.53
6.58
6.65
3.88
4.61
4.29


$2.17
3.09
4.45
2.77
1.80
0.88
2.79
2.22
1.47
1.91
1.95
1.95
1.64
1.68
1.79
2.16
3.92
4.89
2.89
4.21
4.01
3.99
5.34
5.59
3.01
3.60
5.69
5.46
5.64
6.31
6.51
2.99
2.73
2.54


$2.04
3.02
3.18
2.68
2.14
1.06
4.29
2.55
2.23
1.88
2.97
2.37
2.82
3.05
3.02
3.29
4.79
4.99
4.25
5.45
6.23
7.57
5.93
15.91
12.69
10.92
12.99
12.64
15.28
17.10
18.00
13.75
9.83
11.51


$3.36
4.66
4.83
4.00
2.85
1.64
3.22
2.47
1.13
1.04
1.69
1.39
1.25
1.45
1.42
1.42
3.29
3.90
2.87
3.92
3.58
4.37
4.28
7.08
4.06
3.72
5.58
6.31
5.10
6.11
7.16
3.31
2.38
1.34


$0.68
1.29
2.24
1.51
1.39
0.73
2.05
0.98
1.72
1.89
2.27
2.06
1.58
1.55
1.29
1.49
1.47
2.21
3.12
3.46
1.92
1.51
2.08
3.02
3.56
4.45
5.35
4.33
5.21
4.59
6.46
2.22
2.84
1.78


$0.86
1.81
2.54
1.82
1.64
0.94
2.48
1.15
1.92
2.15
2.69
2.53
2.12
2.59
2.23
2.04
2.09
3.13
3.80
4.22
2.80
3.20
4.05
4.84
4.98
5.80
5.93
4.71
6.30
6.85
6.87
3.11
2.85
1.71


,On-tree average price per box (1-3/5 bushel box equivalent) for all methods of sale minus pick and haul
charges.


bNavel and Hamlin

'Parson Brown and Pineapple


dValencia


"Marsh (white) or pink


Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.


fPreliminary














Table 13-A.-Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity


Loan Interest rate paid on the loan
term
(years) 8.0% 8.5% 9.0% 9.5% 10.0% 10.5% 11.0% 11.5% 12.0% 12.5% 13.0% 13.5% 14.0% 14.5% 15.0%

1 926 922 917 913 909 905 901 897 893 889 885 881 877 873 870
2 1,783 1,771 1,759 1,747 1,754 1,724 1,713 1,701 1,690 1,679 1,668 1,657 1,647 1,636 1,626
3 2,577 2,554 2,531 2,509 2,487 2,465 2,444 2,423 2,402 2,381 2,361 2,341 2,322 2,302 2,283
4 3,312 3,276 3,240 3,204 3,170 3,136 3,102 3,070 3,037 3,006 2,974 2,944 2,914 2,884 2,855
5 3,993 3,941 3,890 3,840 3,791 3,743 3,696 3,650 3,605 3,561 3,517 3,475 3,433 3,392 3,352
6 4,623 4,554 4,486 4,420 4,355 4,292 4,230 4,170 4,111 4,054 3,998 3,942 3,889 3,836 3,784
7 5,206 5,119 5,033 4,950 4,868 4,789 4,712 4,640 4,564 4,492 4,423 4,355 4,288 4,224 4,160
8 5,747 5,639 5,535 5,433 5,335 5,239 5,146 5,056 4,968 4,882 4,799 4,718 4,639 4,562 4,487
9 6,247 6,119 5,995 5,875 5,759 5,646 5,537 5,431 5,328 5,228 5,132 5,038 4,946 4,858 4,772
10 6,710 6,561 6,418 6,279 6,145 6,015 5,889 5,768 5,650 5,536 5,426 5,319 5,216 5,116 5,019
11 7,139 6,969 6,805 6,647 6,495 6,348 6,207 6,070 5,938 5,810 5,687 5,568 5,453 5,341 5,234
12 7,536 7,345 7,161 6,984 6,814 6,650 6,492 6,341 6,194 6,054 5,918 5,787 5,660 5,538 5,421
13 7,904 7,691 7,487 7,291 7,103 6,923 6,750 6,583 6,424 6,270 6,122 5,979 5,842 5,710 5,583
14 8,244 8,010 7,786 7,572 7,367 7,170 6,982 6,801 6,628 6,462 6,302 6,149 6,002 5,861 5,724
15 8,559 8,304 8,061 7,828 7,606 7,394 7,191 69 6,811 6,633 6,462 6,299 6,142 5,992 5,847
16 8,851 8,576 8,313 8,062 7,824 7,596 7,379 7,172 6,974 6,785 6,604 6,431 6,265 6,106 5,954
17 9,122 8,825 8,543 8,276 8,022 7,779 7,549 7,329 7,119 6,920 6,729 6,547 6,373 6,207 6,048
18 9,372 9,056 8,756 8,471 8,201 7,945 7,702 7,470 7,250 7,040 6,840 6,649 6,467 6,294 6,128
19 9,603 9,268 8,950 8,650 8,365 8,095 7,839 7,596 7,366 7,146 6,938 6,739 6,551 6,370 6,198
20 9,818 9,463 9,129 8,812 8,514 8,231 7,963 2.2L1 7,469 7,241 7,025 6,819 6,623 6,437 6,259
25 10,675 10,234 9,823 9,438 9,077 8,739 8,422 8,123 7,843 7,579 7,330 7,095 6,873 6,663 6,464
30 11,258 10,747 10,274 9,835 9,427 9,047 8,868 8,364 8,055 7,766 7,496 7,242 7,003 6,778 6,566
35 11,655 11,088 10,567 10,087 9,644 9,234 8,855 8,503 8,175 7,870 7,586 7,320 7,070 6,836 6,617
40 11,925 11,315 10,757 10,247 9,779 9,348 8,951 8,587 8,244 7,928 7,634 7,361 7,105 6,866 6,642


'Example. Assumes a $10,000 after tax income at 11.5% interest rate and a 15-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $69,970
($6,997 x 10). At 11.5% interest rate and a 20-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $77,100 ($7,710 x 10).