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 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Acknowledgements
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Main
 Reference
 Addenda














Budgeting costs and returns
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026157/00016
 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Budgeting costs and returns for Central Florida citrus production
Budgeting costs and returns for for <sic> Central Florida citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1992
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Marketing -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: governmental publication   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Title varies slightly: <1992-93>- Budgeting costs and returns for Central Florida Citrus Production.
General Note: Description based on: 1978-79; cover title.
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000313320
oclc - 08042638
notis - ABU0053
lccn - sn 82000631 /g
System ID: UF00026157:00016

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgements
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Reference
        Page 9
    Addenda
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
Full Text





























































100
F637fe
28-
EI
93-1















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing round oranges in the Central Florida citrus area are
presented for the nineteenth consecutive year. Due to the freezes of the 1980's, the Central
Florida citrus area refers primarily to Polk and Highlands counties. The format presented may be
used by individual growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Central Florida, budgeting, costs and returns.

NOTE: Central Florida production area refers to Polk and Highlands counties. However, the
costs presented in this report are applicable to other counties such as Hardee,
Hillsborough, Lake and Orange counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used
by growers--e.g., chemical mowing, new spray materials, higher rates of fertilization,
microsprinkler irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs shown
may be higher than reported in previous years.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom-managed operation. Therefore, all
equipment costs are based on the average custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling
and supervision charge added to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table 3 are
representative for a mature Central Florida Valencia orange grove, the grove care
costs for a specific grove site may differ depending upon the grove practices
performed. For example, a Temik application would add $138.87 per acre; extensive
tree loss due to blight or tristeza could substantially increase the tree replacement and
care costs; travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of citrus grove and distance
from grove equipment barn and could add as much as $23.61 per acre; etc.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of the Central
Florida citrus production area who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing round oranges in the Central Florida citrus area are
presented for the nineteenth consecutive year. Due to the freezes of the 1980's, the Central
Florida citrus area refers primarily to Polk and Highlands counties. The format presented may be
used by individual growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Central Florida, budgeting, costs and returns.

NOTE: Central Florida production area refers to Polk and Highlands counties. However, the
costs presented in this report are applicable to other counties such as Hardee,
Hillsborough, Lake and Orange counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used
by growers--e.g., chemical mowing, new spray materials, higher rates of fertilization,
microsprinkler irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs shown
may be higher than reported in previous years.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom-managed operation. Therefore, all
equipment costs are based on the average custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling
and supervision charge added to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table 3 are
representative for a mature Central Florida Valencia orange grove, the grove care
costs for a specific grove site may differ depending upon the grove practices
performed. For example, a Temik application would add $138.87 per acre; extensive
tree loss due to blight or tristeza could substantially increase the tree replacement and
care costs; travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of citrus grove and distance
from grove equipment barn and could add as much as $23.61 per acre; etc.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of the Central
Florida citrus production area who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.















TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

ABSTRACT ............................................................ i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................................................. i

LIST OF TABLES ....................................................... iii

INTRODUCTION ....................................................... 1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION ......................................... 1

COSTS AND INPUTS .................................................... 1

THE GROVE SITUATION ................................................ 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS .......................................... 4

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS ............................................. 6

REFERENCES .......................................................... 9

ADDENDA .................................... ......................... 10


NOTE: The ADDENDA includes a Listing of Grove Care Programs for
Central Florida Citrus Production for Both Round Oranges and
Grapefruit; 1993 custom rate summary report; cost of establishing a
citrus grove; etc. Page 10 is a list of the tables included in the
ADDENDA.



















ii















LIST OF TABLES


Table Pae

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Central Florida
citrus grove, 1992-93 ............................................. 3

2 Calculation of normal production per acre, 1992-93 ...................... 4

3 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange
grove producing for the processed market, Central Florida area, 1992-93 ...... 5

4 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and
returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus for processing
in the Central Florida area, 1988-89--1992-93 ........................... 7

5 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 1993 dollars) for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus
for processing in the Central Florida area, 1988-89--1992-93 ............... 8








BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR CENTRAL FLORIDA
VALENCIA ORANGE PRODUCTION, 1992-93


Ronald P. Muraro, G. Tim Hurner, Jr. and Thomas W. Oswalt


INTRODUCTION


Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions. Budget analysis can be used
to calculate potential profits from an operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation,
and to determine break-even prices. This report presents a budget constructed from current data
and serves as a format for growers to analyze costs and returns from their individual records.
During the 1980's, several freezes occurred which changed the character of the Central Florida
citrus production area. The December 1983 and January 1985 freezes caused extensive tree and
acreage losses in the north central counties such as Lake and Orange counties. The December
1989 freeze resulted in severe tree damage and tree loss in North and Central Polk County. Also,
fruit loss was extensive during the 1989-90 season with approximately 30 percent of the Valencia
fruit crop in Polk and Highlands counties destroyed. Thus, Central Florida in this report refers
primarily to Polk and Highlands counties. Budgets for rehabilitating or replanting citrus groves
where extensive tree damage or loss has occurred are presented and discussed in a separate
report.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom operators, input suppliers,
growers, and colleagues at the Citrus Research and Education Center in Lake Alfred. The survey
is conducted annually in February and March.


COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus growers as well as the
average of the data obtained from annual custom rate, chemical, and fertilizer surveys. Growers'
costs are shown in the ADDENDA, Table 1-A through 8-A. The custom rate costs are shown in



RONALD P. MURARO is Associate Professor of Food and Resource Economics and
Extension Farm Management Economist stationed at the Citrus Research and Education Center,
Lake Alfred. G. TIM HURNER, JR. is County Extension Director in Highlands County, Sebring.
THOMAS W. OSWALT is Extension Agent, Citrus in Polk County, Bartow.










Table 9-A and the various chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in Table 10-A and 11-A in the
ADDENDA. The budget costs represent a custom-managed operation. Therefore, all equipment
costs are based upon the average custom-rate costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision
charge is added to the material cost.
Although brand names are used in many of the tables in the ADDENDA, this does not
imply endorsement by the University of Florida. It is merely an attempt to depict typical
production practices.
All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to insert data from a particular
grove. This will allow a comparison of the grower's costs with those presented.


THE GROVE SITUATION


Production practices for a Central Florida round orange grove are shown in Table 1 with
times during the year when they would likely be performed. There are two benefits to developing
such a table for an individual grove. First, it shows what work is needed and when, so that
operations can be planned well in advance. Second, it can be helpful if an annual cash flow
analysis is developed to plan financing. The individual grower may benefit from developing a plan
for a particular grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it difficult to define a "typical"
grove. Many combinations of practices and various tree variety combinations produce acceptable
yields and returns. Although the example represents a Valencia orange grove, the cost and return
data are designed to be applicable to most grove situations. A grower, realtor, or land appraiser
can substitute individual grove costs and expected returns into the budget format and develop a
budget for a particular grove. A "your cost" column is appropriately provided for this purpose in
subsequent tables.
In the following budget, above noted average management and cultural practices are
assumed. Beyond this general assumption, the following specifics are assumed.


1. A 20+ year-old, permanent overhead-irrigated grove;
2. Variety is Valencia round orange;
3. Tree loss is 3 percent annually;
4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls below
50 percent of expected yield;
5. Production is for processed use;
6. Tree density is 78 trees per acre; and
7. Custom-caretaker is providing grove management.








Table 1.--Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Central Florida citrus grove, 1992-93'

Month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Total revenue:


20%
deposit


50%
Partial
payment


Final
payment


Less: Pick & haul cost


DOC advertisement tax X

Grove expenses:

Disc X X

Chop

Mow X X X

Labor, general grove work, pull vines X X

Herbicide (1/2 grove acre equivalent) X X

Spray: Post bloom/nutritional X

Summer oil/greasy spot X

Fall miticide X

Supplemental miticide

Dust

Fertilizer 70# N/A 70# N/A 70# N/A Dolomite

Hedging and topping Hedge

Brush removal/chop brush Chop brush

Tree removal X

Young tree care X X X X X

Microjet irrigation (times/week) 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1

Miscellaneous

Grove taxes including water management X

Interest expense X

Annual principal payment on mortgage X

'This is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.









As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will vary. The budget reflects the
following age distribution:


3%
3%
3%
3%
3%
45%
3%
37%


Situation
pulled and reset
1 year old
2 years old
3 years old
4 years old
5-19 years old
producing 50% of expected yield
mature producing


Boxes/tree
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.9
4.6
4.0
8.0


Calculation of normal production per acre is shown in Table 2. Note that the proportion-of-
trees-by-age column only adds to 91 percent since 9 percent of the trees are non-bearing.



Table 2.--Calculation of normal production per acre, 1992-93

Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes

Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. age" age -- No. -
3 years 78 x 0.03 = 23 x 0.6 = 138
4 years 78 x 0.03 = 23 x 0.9 = 2.07
5-19 years 78 x 0.45 = 35.1 x 4.6 = 161.46
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 78 x 0.03 = 2.3 x 4.0 = 9.20
20 years 78 x 0.37 = 28.9 x 8.0 = 231.20
Total boxes = 405.31

"Proportion adds up to 0.91 (91 percent) as 9 percent of the trees were non-bearing (pulled
and reset, 1 and 2 year old trees; see page 4).


BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS


The estimated budget costs and returns for the Central Florida grove situation are shown in
Table 3. The budgeted costs represent one possible citrus production program and were selected
from the costs shown in the ADDENDA tables. The gross revenue estimates are based on the







Table 3.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing for the processed market, Central Florida area, 1992-93'


Description


Amount


------------- Dollars -- ------


I. Revenue


405 boxes @ $3.55'


1,437.75


II. Expenses*

Weed control
Mow middles
General grove work/sprouting
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Program #4, #6 & #7)
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs #1, #7 & #13)
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #3)
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Program #1)
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping
Remove brush from trees
Hedging
Mow brush
Tree replacement and care
Remove trees/stack/burn
Prepare sites and plant resets
Water resets
Supplemental fertilizer, tree wraps, maintenance,
sprout, Ridomil/Aliette, etc.
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 8-A, Program #3)
Total grove care expenses

III. Management

IV. Total specified costs'

V. Return to land, trees, and ownership

VI. Break-even price for total grove care expenses

Boxes per acre


5 times per year
(2 labor hours per acre)





($376.67/hr. + 10.0 A/hr.) + 3 yrs.
(S14.65/A + 3 yrs.)
($312.50/hr. + 10.0 A/hr.) + 2 yrs.
($11.85/A + 2 yrs.)
(1 through 3 years)
3 trees per acre
Including 3 trees per acre
(Average 5 waterings)

Including application


$4.00 per acre per month


300 350 400


$ On-tree price per box


450 500


$ Delivered-in price per pound solids'


'Although the esthated annual per acre grove cots shown in Table 3 are representative for a mature Central Florida Valenci orange grove, the grove are costs for specific grove site may differ depending upa the.
grove practices performed; e.g, a Temk application would add $138.87 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza would double the tree replacement ad care costs; travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of
citrus grove and ditance from grove equipment barn.
bOn-tree price per box s prelkinary; assumes price for processed oranges only.
Assumes material custom applied; therefore, a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to material cost.
'Other methods to estate a management cost-e.g., 5% of gross revenue or 10% of total grove care costs-are used in the industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and trees than reported
here.
'Other cost Items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes and interest on grove investment In addition to these cost items, overhead and adminitratlve costs, such as water drainig/ditrict taxes, crop
insurance, and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and time of purchase or grove establishment.
'Assumes 6.0 pounds solids per box and $1.90 pick and haul cost per box.


Your cost


45.85
19.12
119.88




12.56
4.88
15.63
5.93

15.90
22.81
8.11

24.40


184.85
221.10
138.14
10.74




39.00





71.22
124.16
789.21

48.00

837.21

600.54


Boxes per acre










projected yields in Table 3 and estimated preliminary on-tree prices for the 1992-93 season.
Historical on-tree prices for selected Florida citrus varieties are shown in Table 13-A of the
ADDENDA.
As shown in Table 3, the total revenue for processed-market Valencia oranges is estimated to
be $1,437.75 per acre. Total specified costs are $837.21 and are comprised of grove care costs of
$789.21, plus management cost of $48.00. Return to land and trees of $600.54 represents net return
above variable costs. The break-even price required to cover grove care costs for Valencia oranges
range from $2.63 to $1.58 per box on-tree and $0.76 to $0.58 per pounds solids delivered-in at 300
and 500 boxes per acre, respectively.
Ad valorem taxes, and overhead and administrative costs (such as water drainage district taxes,
crop insurance, and other grower assessments) can add up to 12 percent of the total grove care costs.
These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and time of purchase or
establishment. However, as a guideline, ad valorem taxes in the Central Florida citrus area average
$40 to $50 per acre. These costs should be considered in arriving at a net return to land, trees, and
ownership (total return minus total costs). Also, average annual debt payment (principal and
interest) may be as high as $530 per acre ($4,500 average debt per acre @ 10 percent interest
amortized over 20 years) which would reduce total available cash for grove expansion or other
investment.


HISTORICAL COST TRENDS


Annual budgets of costs and returns for mature, processed Valencia oranges in the Central
Florida area have been developed and published the past four years. Estimated cost and return
histories for 1988-89 through 1991-92 along with 1992-93, and a five-year average are presented in
Table 4. To allow comparisons in current values, these same costs and returns, adjusted to 1993
dollars, are presented in Table 5.










Table 4.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove
producing citrus for processing in the Central Florida area, 1988-89--1992-93


On-tree Gross Total grove Total specified Net return to land,
Year price/box* Yield revenue care expenses costs trees, and ownership
--------- Dollars ----------------.--------------
1988-89 $8.45 405 3,422.25 734.89 782.89 2,63936

1989-90 634 284c 1,850.56 758.00 806.00 1,044.56

1990-91 6.99 405 2,830.95 783.55 831.55 1,999.40

1991-92 7.03 405 2,847.15 798.89 846.89 2,000.26

1992-93 355b 405 1,437.75 789.21 837.21 600.54

5-yr. avg. 6.47 381 2,465.07 772.91 820.91 1,644.16


'On-tree prices for processed oranges only as reported by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
preliminary estimate by authors at time of printing and is not a published price.
cNormal expected yield was reduced 30% due to December 1989 freeze.
dA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not
included.










Table 5.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns (adjusted to 1993 dollars) for a mature,
Valencia orange grove producing citrus for processing in the Central Florida area, 1988-89-1992-93


Inflation On-tree Gross Total specified Net return to land,
Year factor index" price/box Yield revenue costsb trees, and ownership
.................. Dollars -------------------

1988-89 105.4 $8.91 405 3,608.55 825.17 2,78338

1989-90 101.7 6.45 284 1,831.80 819.70 1,012.10

1990-91 101.5 7.09 405 2,871.45 844.02 2,027.43

1991-92 100.9 7.09 405 2,871.45 854.51 2,016.94

1992-93 100.0 3.55 405 1,437.75 837.21 600.54

5-yr. avg. -- 6.62 381 2,522.22 828.30 1,693.92


'Producer price index for each year adjusted to 1993 prices (1993 = 100), with 1993 consumer price index estimated to be 118.3.
Producer price index for other years are: 1989 = 112.2; 1990 = 116.3; 1991 = 116.5 and 1992 = 117.2.
bA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not
included.









REFERENCES


1. Citrus Summary 1991-92. Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. Florida Agricultural Statistics.
Jan. 1993.

2. Florida Citrus Spray Guide 1993. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP 43. Gainesville: Jan. 1993.

3. Harrison, D. S. and R. C. J. Koo. Sprinkler Irrigation Systems for Citrus. Univ. of Fla. Agr.
Ext. Rpt. AE 73-15. (Rev.). Gainesville: Aug. 1974.

4. Koo, R. C. J., editor. Recommended Fertilizers and Nutritional Sprays for Citrus. Univ. of
Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 536D. Gainesville: March 1984.

5. Muraro, Ronald P. "A Listing of Estimated Comparative Central Florida (Ridge) Citrus
Production Costs Per Acre for 1992-1993." Lake Alfred Citrus Research and Education Center
(CREC) Report. Lake Alfred, FL: May 1993.

6. "Cost for Establishing, Planting, and Maintaining a Citrus Grove through Four Years
of Age, North Florida Area." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: March 1990.

7. "A Listing of 1993 Custom Rates Reported by Forty Ridge Citrus Caretakers." Lake
Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: May 1993.

8. and John L. Jackson. Ten-year Analysis for Rehabilitation of Freeze Damaged Citrus
Groves. Univ. of Fla., Food and Resource Econ. Staff Paper 270. Jan. 1985.

9. and J. Fred Kurras. "Estimating the Damage to Citrus Trees and Resulting Value Loss
Due to the January, 1982 Freeze," Florida Food and Resource Economics No. 39 (Mar.-Apr.
1982). Univ. of Fla.: Gainesville.

10. Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Age. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8. Gainesville:
1960.






10



ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Programs for Central Florida Citrus Production for Both
Round Oranges and Grapefruit'

Page

Table 1-A. Spray programs ............................................... 11

Post bloom spray ............................................... 11
Summer spray ................................................ 12
Fall spray .................................................... 13

Table 2-A. Herbicide .................................................... 14

Table 3-A. Dry fertilizer .................................................. 16

Table 4-A. Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application) ........................... 17

Table 5-A. Fertigation .................................................. 18

Table 6-A. Nematicides ................................................... 18

Table 7-A. Soil amendment ............................................... 19

Table 8-A. Irrigation--annual cost per acre .................................... 19

Permanent overhead ............................................ 19
M icrosprinkler ................................................. 19

Table 9-A. A listing of 1993 custom rates reported by thirty-seven Ridge citrus caretakers 20

Table 10-A. 1993 summary of average chemical price estimates ...................... 22

Table 11-A. 1993 summary of average fertilizer price estimates ...................... 24

Table 12-A. Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four
years of age, North Florida area .................................... 26

Table 13-A. Historic prices for selected citrus varieties ............................ 27

Table 14-A. Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity ........ 28


B = Boron Mg = Magnesium
Cu = Copper Mn = Manganese
Fe = Iron Zn = Zinc


The costs in the ADDENDA represent a custom managed operation. Therefore, all equipment
costs are based upon the average custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge
is added to the material cost.










Table 1-A.--Spray programs


POST BLOOM SPRAY


Spray Program #1


Spray Program #2


Spray Program #3


Spray Program #4


MaterialsIfngredients
Ethion
Cu
Zn
Mn
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Ground Application
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Cu
Zn
Mn
Kelthane MF
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Spray Buffer
Ground Application
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Cu
Morestan 25WP
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Vendex 50WP

Ground Application
Total per Application


Amount
/Acre
6pts
10 lbs
5 Ibs
10 lbs
1 pt
250 gals


Amount
/Acre
10 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs
6pts
1 pt
2.5 pts
250 gals


Amount
/Acre
15 lbs
2.5 lbs
1 pt

250 gals


Amount
/Acre
2 lbs
250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$25.74
1452
4.18
3.63
2.11
26.80
$76.98


Cost/Acre

$14.52
4.18
3.63
37.63
2.11
1.79
26.80
$90.66


Cost/Acre

$21.78
33.06
2.11
26.80

$83.75


Cost/Acre
$42.57
26.80

$69.37


---- - -- - ---- -- - -- - -- - -- -- -- -- -- -- -


-- -- - -- - -- - -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -


-- -- -- -- --- -- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -









Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #5

(Scale insects)


Spray Program #6


SUMMER SPRAY


Spray Program #7


Spray Program #8


Spray Program #9


Materials/Ingredients

Lorsban 4EC
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 4L
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Ground Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Cu
Ethion

Ground Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil
Ethion

Ground Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Agri-Mek

Ground Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

7 pts
1 pt

500 gals


Amount
/Acre

2pts
1 pt

250 gals


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
7 lbs
6.0 pts

250 gals


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
6pts

500 gals


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
10 ozs

500 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$41.97
2.11

31.14

$75.22


Cost/Acre

$42.53
2.11

26.80

$71.44


Cost/Acre

$12.05
10.16
25.74

26.80

$74.75


Cost/Acre

$12.05
25.74

31.14

$68.93


Cost/Acre

$12.05
47.74

31.14

$90.93


-- --- -- --- -- -- -- --- --- -- --- -- ----- -- -- -- -


__I_____________________________________


__________________________l________l____


-- -- - -- - -- - -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -


-- -- -- -- -- -- --- -- -- -- - -- - -- -- -- -- -








Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

SUMMER SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #10


Materials/Ingredients
Kelthane MF
Cu
Oil
Spray Buffer
Ground Application
Total per Application


FALL SPRAY


Spray Program #11


Materials/Ingredients
Dicofol 4EC
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Spray Buffer
Ground Application
Total per Application


Spray Program #12 Materials/Ingredients

Ethion
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
Total per Application


Amount
/Acre
6pts
1 pt
2.5 pts
250 gals


Amount
/Acre
6pts
1 pt
250 gals


Spray Program #13


Spray Program #14


Materials/Ingredients
Vendex 50WP
Ground Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Sulfur (Dust)
Ground Application
Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre
6pts
7 lbs
5 gals
2.5 pts
500 gals


Cost/Acre
$37.63
10.16
12.05
1.79
31.14
$92.77


Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$36.96
2.11
1.79
26.80
$67.88


Cost/Acre
$25.74
2.11
26.80

$54.65


Amount
/Acre
2 lbs

250 gals


Amount
/Acre
50 lbs


Your
Cost/Acre







Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$42.57
26.80

$69.37


Cost/Acre
$ 8.55
8.08

$16.63


- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - -


-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - -- -- -- -- -


-- -- - -- - -- - -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -











Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

FALL SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #15


MaterialsIfngredients

Dicofol 4EC
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application

Total per Application


Table 2-A.--Herbicide


Herbicide Program #1

(Strip/band)


Materials

Krovar II
Gramoxone
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(2 times)

Total for 2 Applications


Amount/
Treated Acre
8 lbs
6pts
1 pt

80 gals


Cost/
Grove Acrea
$44.44
15.91
2.11
22.60


$85.06


Herbicide Program #2
(Strip/band)


Materials

Hyvar X
Princep (Caliber 90)

Ground Application
(2 times)

Total for 2 Applications


Amount/
Treated Acre
4 lbs
4 lbs

80 gals


Herbicide Program #3

(Strip/band)


Materials

Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
1 pt

40 gals


Cost/
Grove Acre

$10.96
2.11

11.30


$24.37


'With respect to herbicide materials, Amount Per Grove Acre does not equal Amount Per Treated
Acre shown on the label as only a strip or band is being treated. In this report, it is assumed that only
50% or one-half of a grove acre is being treated.


Amount
/Acre

6pts
1 pt
250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$36.96
2.11

26.80

$65.87


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre"
$28.93
7.26

22.60


$58.79


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


-- --- - -- -- -- -- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -


-- -- --- --- --- --- --- --- -- - -- --- -- --- - -- -- - -- -- -


__I__________________l____________l_____


__1______1_____________l______l_________









Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #4
(Strip/band)


Materials

Krovar II
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre
4 lbs
2 qts
1 qt
40 gals


Herbicide Program #5
(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #6

(Strip/band)


Materials
Roundup
Princep (Caliber 90)
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Materials

Direx 4L
Solicam
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre
2 qts
4 lbs
1 qt

50 gals


Cost/
Grove Acre'
$10.96
726
2.11
1130


$31.63


Amount/
Treated Acre

3 qts
3 lbs
2 qts
1 qt

50 gals


Cost/
Grove Acre'
$8.68
22.17
10.96
2.11

1130


$55.22


Herbicide Program #7

(Spot herbicide for
grass/brush regrowth
under trees.)


Materials

Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
2pts


15 gals


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$10.96
2.11


5.00


$18.07


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$22.22
10.96
2.11

1130


$46.59


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


- ----------------------------------__


-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -


------- ------ ------ ------------- - -- - -------------


----------------------------------------- ---------------










Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #8

(Spot herbicide for
grass/brush regrowth
under trees.)


Materials

Poast
Crop Oil


Amount/
Treated Acre

2pts
1 pt


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$15.31
032


Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer


Program #1

(162 Ibs N/Acre)


Program #2

(180 Ibs N/Acre)


Program #3

(212 lbs N/Acre)


Program #4

(225 lbs N/Acre)


Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-2-12-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-2-12-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

16-0-16-4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

15-2-15-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


15 gals


5.00


$20.63


Amount
/Acre

1350 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1500 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1325 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1500 lbs

3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$103.95

21.54

$125.49


Cost/Acre

$115.50

21.54

$137.04


Cost/Acre

$116.60

21.54

$138.14


Cost/Acre

$123.78
2154

$145.32


-- -- - -- - -- - -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -


__________________________1_________1__1


_____________________-----------__


-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -


------I---------------------------------









Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer (cont'd.)


Program #5

(240 lbs N/Acre)


Program #6

(272 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

16-2-16-3 MgO

Application

Total for 2 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

17-0-17-3 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Table 4-A.--Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application)


Program #1

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Program #2

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Program #3

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-0-10

Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-2-10

Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-0-10
Krovar II (Treated Acre)

Double Boom Application

Total for 2 Applications


Amount
/Acre

1500 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1600 lbs

3 times


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$128.70

2154

$150.08


Cost/Acre

$142.56

21.54

$164.10


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1800 Ibs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs
8 lbs

2 times


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 95.40

30.00

$125.40


Cost/Acre

$102.60

30.00

$132.60


Cost/Acre

$95.40
44.44

20.00

$159.84


___________________________I____________


-- -- - -- - -- - -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -


-- -- --- - -- -- -- -- -- -- - -- - -- -- -- -- -


______1_________1______1____________1__1


______1_____1__________l_______________l









Table 5-A.--Fertigation


Program #1

(Supplemental)


Program #2

(Supplement







Program #3

(Exclusive)


Analysis/Material
Applied
10-0-10
Application

Total per Application


Analysis/Material
Applied
8-2-8

Application
Total per Application


al)


Table 6-A.--Nematicides


Program #1









Program #2









Program #3


Amount
/Acre
400 Ibs


Amount
/Acre
750 lbs


Cost/Acre
$21.12
4.44

$25.56


Cost/Acre
$42.90
5.60

$48.50


Analysis/Material Amount
Applied /Acre Cost/Acre
8-2-8 2000 lbs $ 97.48
Application 15.65

Total per Application $113.13
.................................................................................


Analysis/Material
Applied

Temik 15G

Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre
33 lbs


Cost/Acre

$126.32
12.55

$138.87


-- --------- --- ---- ----------.---------- --------------------

Analysis/Material Amount
Applied /Acre Cost/Acre
Nemacur 15G 67 lbs $226.26

Application 12.55

Total per Application $238.81


Analysis/Material
Applied

Nemacur 15G
Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre
50 lbs


Cost/Acre

$168.85
12.55

$181.40


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre







Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


-- -- -- -- - -- -- --- ---- -- -- -- -- --- -- -- ---








Table 7-A.--Soil amendment


Program #1

(Every 3 years)


Program #2

(Every year)


Analysis/Material
Applied
Dolomite (Delivered)

Application
Total for 1 Application
(Average 1/3 Ton Applied/Yr)


Analysis/Material
Applied
Dolomite (Delivered)
Application
Total per Application


Amount
/Acre
1 ton
1 time


Amount
/Acre
1000 lbs


Table 8-A.--Irrigation--annual cost per acre


PERMANENT OVERHEAD


Operating


Maintenance of System
Total Cost


Program #1
$133.40
(Electric)
30.36
$163.76


Your
Cost/Acre


MICROSPRINKLER


Operating


Maintenance of System
Total Cost


Program #3
$77.22
(Electric)
46.94
$124.16


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$24.97
7.25
$32.22
$10.74


Cost/Acre

$12.49
7.25
$19.74


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #2
$ 80.47
(Diesel)
37.75

$118.22


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #4
$ 46.80
(Diesel)
54.47
$101.27


---------I--'-----`-------~"--'-"--'-'


- - - -----------"--'~~-- --- ----- - -- - -









Table 9-A.--A listing of 1993 custom rates reported by thirty-seven Ridge citrus caretakers

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate' Comments


CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT:
Hand Hoe/Hand Labor
STractor/Equipment Operator Labor
Rotovate
Disc 7'
Disc 7'
Disc 9'-10'
Disc 9'-10'
Chop
Chop
Mow 5'-7
Mow 10'-11'
Mow
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Single Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Single Boom)
Herbicide (Strip/Band-Double Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Double Boom)
Herbicide' (Trunk-to-Trunk)
Herbicide (Trunk-to-Trunk)
Herbicide' (Chemical Mow)
Temik/Nemacur1
Plow
Deviner
Pickup Truck with Driver
Pickup Truck without Driver
Flatbed Transport Truck
Tractor without Driver
Tractor with Driver
Water/Supply Truck

SPRAYING:'
Hand Sprayer
Tree-See Air Blast Sprayer


Hour $ 8.00-
Hour 9.00-
Hour 24.00-
Hour 21.50-
Acre 7.00-
Hour 22.50-
Acre 6.00-
Hour 21.60-
Acre 7.00-
Hour 22.60-
Hour 25.00-
Acre 7.75-
Hour 22.50-
Acre 9.50-
Hour 27.00-
Acre 10.00-
Hour 24.00-
Acre 10.00-
Acre 6.00-
Acre 12.00-
Hour 21.60-
Hour 20.00-
Hour 15.60-
Hour 10.00-
Hour 21.50-
Hour 12.00-
Hour 20.00-
Hour 18.00-


Hour $35.85-
Hour


$15.00
15.00
35.00
2835
9.00
30.00
12.00
2835
10.00
30.00
32.00
11.00
30.00
15.00
28.90
13.80
28.60
15.00
11.50
15.00
28.00
25.00
26.80
17.00
30.00
17.00
34.00
27.50


S9.56 Plus transportation
11.44
27.72
23.84
7.50 One-way discing
25.76
8.42 One-way discing
24.93
8.18 One-way chopping
24.93
28.66
9.17
26.04 Plus materials
1130 Plus materials
28.17 Plus materials
11.15 Plus materials
26.43 Plus materials
13.04 Plus materials
9.00 Plus materials
12.55 Plus materials
25.22
23.50
20.75 One reporting 60c/mile--Avg. miles/year/pickup: 21713
13.52 Short trip transportation (10 miles or less) $10/day
24.73 One reporting S1.00/mile--Avg. miles/year. 23,333
14.29 Tractor rental only
23.75
24.48


$55.00 $43.48 Includes tractor, handgun sprayer and 3 workers
87.50 Includes 2 workers and all equipment

AIR BLAST SPRAYER


Engine Driven PTO Powered


Acre 25.00- 37.00
Acre 19.00- 33.00
Acre 20.00- 23.00
Acre 15.00- 21.00


31.14 21.00- 33.00
26.80 19.00- 27.00
21.00 17.00- 21.00
18.40 15.00- 19.50


Fixed Wing: $3.50/acre @ 5 GPA; $7.00/acre @ 10 GPA; $10.50/acre @ 15 GPA; $14.00/acre @ 20 GPA


DUSTING:'
Ground Application
Ground Application

FERTILIZE AND SOIL AMENDMENTS:'
Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation System
Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation System
Liquid Boom Application:
Single Boom
Double Boom
Dry (Bulk)
Dry (Bulk)
Lime or Dolomite
Lime or Dolomite
Fertilize Young Trees:' Hand Spread
Fert. Spreader

IRRIGATION:

Permanent Overhead
Microsprinkler

3-Wheel ATV
4-Wheel ATV
Ring Young Trees: Hand Labor
Mechanical


tour $22.80- $23.10 $ 22.94 Plus materials
Acre 5.50- 10.00 8.08 Plus materials


Hour $20.00- $30.00 $ 25.00 Plus materials; For tractor/truck, driver and fertilizer tank--Average
Acre -- 3.50 $50/trip (fiat fee)


Acre -- -
Acre
Acre 5.50- 12.00
Ton 9.00- 15.00
Acre 5.50- 12.00
Ton 6.00- 10.00
Hour 8.00- 15.00
Hour 21.00- 30.00


Avg. $2.25/acre; Avg. $11.03/section
Avg. $2.00/acre; Avg. $11.43/section


Hour 14.00- 19.00
Hour 14.00- 2035
Hour 8.00- 15.00
Hour 25.00- 38.00


11.25
12.50 Average $29.53/hour
7.18
12.25
7.25
7.75 Haul and spread-Average $28.50/ton
9.56 Plus transportation
24.86 Plus materials; Average $7.93/acre


Start and supervision
Start and supervision; One reporting $2.50/acre/month for drip irrigation


1635 Check/repair microsprinkler irrigation system-plus materials
17.18 Check/repair microsprinkler irrigation system-plus materials
9.50 Labor plus equipment
29.88


(OVER)


500 GPA
250 GPA
125 GPA
100 GPA


Aerial







Table 9-A.-A listing of 1993 custom rates reported by thirty-seven Ridge citrus caretakers (cont'd.)

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate' Comments

REMOVING TREES:
Tree Shearing (Cutting Tree at Ground
Level) Hour $ $- $ 55.00 Average trees removed: 5 to 20 trees/hour
Front End Loader Hour 40.00- 55.00 47.71 Average trees removed: 6 to 15 trees/hour

PRUNING:
General Pruning (Rehab) Per Tree S 3.25- S 3.75 S 3.50 Depending upon treescre requiring pruning
Power Saw with Operator Hour 12.00- 18.00 14.93 Plus transportation
Power Saw without Operator Hour 4.00- 6.00 5.17 Average $26.50/day
Hedging
Single Side (Tractor Pulled) Hour 4000 Cover 2-4 acres/hour
Single Side (Tractor Mounted) Hour 50.00 75.00 6333 Cover 2-5 acrea/hour
Double Side (Tractor Pulled) Hour 55.00- 80.00 70.00 Cover 3-5 acres/hour
Double Side (Self Propelled) Hour 200.00- 240.00 220.00 Cover 8-20 acres/our depending on density of growth
Double Side (Self Propelled) Hour 285.00- 330.00 312.50 Cover 15-20 acres/hour depending on wood size
Topping:
Tractor Pulled Hour 100.00 Cover 1-3 acres/hour
Tractor Mounted Hour 225.00 Cover 3-9 acrs/hour
Self Propelled Hour 365.00- 390.00 376.67 Cover 5-10 acres/hour
Double Boom (Self Propelled) Hour 495.00 Cover 2-10 acres/hour (Roof Top)
Removing Brush:
Haul Brush out of Grove Hour 26.60- 38.00 31.53 Tractor-trailer/truck, driver plus 1 person
Front-end Loader (Push Brush) Hour 45.00- 50.00 46.67
Chop/Mow Brush Hour 22.60- 35.00 27.13 3-6 acrs/hour
Chop/Mow Brush Acre 7.50- 11.25 9.19

BANK AND UNBANK TREES:
Hand Labor Hour S 8.00 $ 15.00 S 9.56 Labor plus transportation; Bank/unbank @ 600 per tree
Mechanical Hour 20.00- 26.45 23.73

TREE WRAPS:
Wraps (Install) Per Wrap $ 0.15- S 0.41 $ 0.28 Labor plus cost of wrap; Several reporting cost plus 10-20%

OTHER CUSTOM RATES:
Plant Resets Per Tree $ 1.50- $ 2.50 S 2.11 Stake, plant and first watering
Solid Set Planting Per Tree 0.80- 1.25 1.10 Stake, plant and first watering
Mechanic Labor Hour 20.00- 31.00 25.50
Grove Management Charge/Month Acre 2.50- 5.00 3.67 MANAGEMENT CHARGE IS FOR SUPERVISING
\GROVE CARE OPERATION. 10-20% handling spray
Marketing/Fruit Handling/Supervision Charge 15t-25C/box; 4.5% of box price Iand fertilizer materials.



Total Reported Acreage Provided Grove Several caretakers indicated a reduction in acreage due to
Service to: (52,365 acres) Acre 350- 12475 2,182 affects of December 1989 freeze.


'Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor and sprayer, supply truck included by most caretakers.

'Calculated by dividing the total number of caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all charges.


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, Lake Alfred CREC, May 1993.








Table 10-A.--1993 summary of average chemical price estimates


Average
Item Unit Price


Fungicides:


Aliette 80WP
Benlate
Carbamate
Basic Copper Sulfate (53%)
Copper Hydroxide (50%)
Copper (50%) (Kocide 101)
Copper (40%) (Kocide 606)
Copper (40%) (Champ)
Oil 435
Oil 455
Ridomil 2E
Ridomil 5G


Insecticides/Nematicides:
Agri-Mek (0.15EC)
Carzol 92 SP
Comite 6.55 EC
Cygon 4 EC
Dicofol 4 EC
Ethion
Guthion 2L
Guthion 35WP
Kelthane MF
Logic Bait
Lorsban 4EC
Lorsban 15G
Malathion
Metasystox-R
Methyl Bromide 98/2
Morestan 25WP
Nemacur 3EC
Nemacur 15G
Sevin 80S
Sulphur 6F
Sulphur Dust
Supracide 2 EC
Temik 15G
Vapam
Vendex 50W
Vendex 4L


12.93
16.34
3.55
1.32
1.97
1.92
12.63
12.23
2.19
2.14
141.73
4.11


555.67
28.31
72.00
28.85
44.78
31.20
27.41
4.88
45.61
6.98
43.60
1.79
15.74
43.26
0.92
12.02
65.59
3.07
4.04
3.68
310.00
43.27
3.48
6.63
19.35
154.63


gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
gal.
lb.
lb.
gal.
ton
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.







Table 10-A.--1993 summary of average chemical price estimates (cont'd.)

Average
Item Unit Price


Herbicides:


DeVine
Diquat
Direx 4L
Dual
Eptam
Fusilade 2000 1E
Goal
Gramoxone (Paraquat)
Hyvar L
Hyvar X
Karmex
Krovar I
Krovar II
Poast
Princep (Caliber 90)
Princep 4L
Prowl
Rodeo
Roundup
Simazine 90 DF
Simazine 4L
Solicam
Sonar AS
Surflan AS
Touchdown
Treflan


Growth Regulators:

Citrus Fix
Fruit Fix
Pro-Gibb 3.91%
TreeHold
Other Spray Materials:
Borates (15%)
Manganese (32%)
Zinc (78%)
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Nutritional Spray Mix
Ferri Plus 138
Goemar
MZF
NutraLeaf (20-20-20)
Sequestrene 138


72.00
75.66
21.01
68.50
27.88
64.15
73.60
38.53
53.53
13.15
4.34
8.45
10.10
111.35
3.30
15.11
30.50
93.02
39.84
3.30
14.00
13.43
17.65
63.34
59.24
32.81


510.22
166.67
27.14
72.03


0.65
0.33
0.76
15.33

7.62
29.91
7.24
0.58
10.10


gal.
gal.
20 oz.
gal.


University of


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist,
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, May 1993.









Table 11-A.--1993 summary of average fertilizer price estimates

Average
Item Unit Price


FERTILIZER (FOB Price @ Plant)
Slow Release (Young Tree)*
IBDU: 8-4-8 (N)
10-3-7 (N)
Osmocote: 17-6-9 (NPK)
ESCOTE: 19-6-12 (NPK)
Multicote: 10-4-10 (N 65%, K 54%)
Dry Mix (Bulk)
17-0-17-3mgo
17-4-17-2.4m,
16-0-16
16-0-16-4 mo
16-2-16-3,mo
15-2-12-2.4mo
12-2-12-2.4mo
8-8-8 w/minors**
8-4-8 w/minors**
8-2-8 w/minors**
6-6-6 w/minors**
Liquid Mix (Bulk)
8-2-8
8-4-8
9-3-9
9-4-9
10-0-10
10-2-10
12-0-6
12-3-6


257.00
376.00
1,916.67
1,524.00
426.00


162.08
164.34
135.21
159.36
156.22
150.04
140.36
114.40
112.22
107.01
103.39


85.26
93.21
90.35
94.11
84.96
92.47
85.32
96.56


*Slow Release Elements are indicated in parenthesis.

**With organic nitrogen, the price averaged 45% higher.








Table 11-A.--1993 summary of average fertilizer price estimates (cont'd.)

Average
Item Unit Price

Other Fertilizer Materials (Bulk)
Ammonium Nitrate (21% N Liquid) ton 104.09
Ammonium Nitrate (33.5% N Dry) ton 162.83
Ammonium Sulfate (21% N) ton 110.25
Calcium Nitrate (19% N) ton 192.16
Dolomite (at mine--49% CaCO,, ton 11.39
36% MgCO3)
Gypsum (20%-28% Ca) ton 11.14
Muriate of Potash (42% K) ton 139.44
Nitrate of Soda/Potash ton 240.00
Potassium Nitrate (14% N) ton 353.48
Super Phosphate (8% P) ton 148.70
Triple Superphosphate( 19% P) ton 155.53
Average Delivery Cost ton 11.31


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University of
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, May 1993.








Table 12-A.--Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four years of age, North Florida area
Cost Per Acre

Range Average
$ $
Land Cost 2,500-4,500 3,450
Land Preparation (clearing, disking, leveling) 275- 7002 350
Soil Amendments: Dolomite 1 ton 35
Super Phosphate, 400 lbs. 30
Cover Crop 9- 16 12
Irrigation System: Microsprinkler -- with Well3 850-1,650 1,350
-- without Well 525-1,250 975
Water Permits, Environmental Studies, and Engineering: Cost 35- 80 50
Time in Months 3- 8 6
Percent Land Utilization: Planted to Citrus 90%- 97% 95%
Roads and Service Areas 3%- 10% 5%
North Florida
Year

1 2 3 4

Solidset Planted Trees4 ------ Cost Per Tree ---------------
Microsprinkler Irrigation and Ditch Maintenance $0.37 $0.45 $0.55 $0.65
Fertilize Tree 0.25 0.40 055 0.57
Supplemental Fertilization thru Irrigation 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.29
Spray 0.42 0.55 0.65 0.75
Insulated Tree Wrap (annual maintenance) 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.00
Sprouting (labor) 0.20 0.20 0.00 0.00
Cultivation/Mowing 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40
Herbicide 0.45 0.45 0.45 0.45
Ridomil/Aliette 0.35 035 0.00 0.00
Miscellaneous 0.43 0.49 0.47 0.47
Total Cost Per Year $3.27 $3.74 $3.57 $3.58
Reset Trees (annual additional grove care costs) $2.13 $2.47 $1.84 --
Cost of Planting Trees5 Solidset = $6.75 Reset = $8.05
'Land cost will vary from one county to another as well as from one parcel to another.

2Includes fumigation cost of $330 per acre.

'Irrigation costs include distribution system, power unit and well (where indicated.) The higher cost ranges reported
also included a cost for fertigation equipment.

4The per tree costs shown are applicable for tree densities of 145 to 165 trees per acre. The per tree costs should be
decreased for higher density plantings and increased for lower density plantings; e.g., at 200 trees per acre decrease
costs by 15%; at 115 trees per acre increase costs by 15%.

5Tree cost (bare root) = $3.25; stake, plant, and water tree = $1.25 (solidset) and $255 (resets); and insulated tree wrap
= $2.25.


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, March 1990.







Table 13-A.--Historic prices' for selected citrus varieties

Variety

Early and Late Seedless grapefruit'
mid"-season season Temple
Crop year oranges oranges' oranges Tangerines Tangelos (white) (pink)

1961-62 $1.93 $1.81 $2.17 $2.04 $336 $0.68 $0.86
1962-63 2.17 3.50 3.09 3.02 4.66 129 1.81
1963-64 4.43 4.45 4.45 3.18 4.83 2.24 2.54
1964-65 2.57 2.28 2.77 2.68 4.00 1.51 1.82
1965-66 1.44 1.79 1.80 2.14 2.85 139 1.64
1966-67 0.81 1.08 0.88 1.06 1.64 0.73 0.94
1967-68 1.86 2.28 2.79 4.29 322 2.05 2.48
1968-69 1.56 1.83 2.22 2.55 2.47 0.98 1.15
1969-70 1.15 1.13 1.47 2.23 1.13 1.72 1.92
1970-71 1.10 1.91 1.91 1.88 1.04 1.89 2.15
1971-72 1.98 2.11 1.95 2.97 1.69 227 2.69
1972-73 1.43 1.71 1.95 237 139 2.06 2.53
1973-74 1.38 1.59 1.64 2.82 1.25 158 2.12
1974-75 1.46 1.82 1.68 3.05 1.45 1.55 2.59
1975-76 1.69 1.88 1.79 3.02 1.42 129 2.23
1976-77 1.89 2.63 2.16 3.29 1.42 1.49 2.04
1977-78 3.90 4.40 3.92 4.79 329 1.47 2.09
1978-79 4.44 4.95 4.89 4.99 3.90 221 3.13
1979-80 3.59 3.89 2.89 4.25 2.87 3.12 3.80
1980-81 3.67 4.63 421 5.45 3.92 3.46 4.22
1981-82 4.27 4.29 4.01 6.23 3.58 1.92 2.80
1982-83 4.88 5.41 3.99 7.57 4.37 1.51 3.20
1983-84 5.09 6.72 534 5.93 428 2.08 4.05
1984-85 7.30 6.88 5.59 15.91 7.08 3.02 4.84
1985-86 3.92 3.97 3.01 12.69 4.06 3.56 4.98
1986-87 4.56 6.02 3.60 10.92 3.72 4.45 5.80
1987-88 6.72 8.73 5.69 12.99 5.58 535 5.93
1988-89 6.63 8.41 5.46 12.64 631 4.33 4.71
1989-90 6.01 6.53 5.64 15.28 5.10 5.21 630
1990-91 5.38 6.58 6.11 17.40 6.11 4.59 6.85
1991-92' 5.39 7.01 7.06 23.51 7.06 6.63 6.74



'On-tree average price per box (1-3/5 bushel box equivalent) for all methods of sale minus pick and haul
charges.


bNavel and Hamlin
'Parson Brown and Pineapple
dValencia


'Marsh (white) or pink
'Preliminary


Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.











Table 14-A.--Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity


Loan Interest rate paid on the loan
term
(years) 8.0% 8.5% 9.0% 9.5% 10.0% 10.5% 11.0% 11.5% 12.0% 12.5% 13.0% 13.5% 14.0% 14.5% 15.0%
1 926 922 917 913 909 905 901 897 893 889 885 881 877 873 870
2 1,783 1,771 1,759 1,747 1,754 1,724 1,713 1,701 1,690 1,679 1,668 1,657 1,647 1,636 1,626
3 2,577 2,554 2,531 2,509 2,487 2,465 2,444 2,423 2,402 2,381 2,361 2,341 2,322 2302 2,283
4 3,312 3,276 3,240 3,204 3,170 3,136 3,102 3,070 3,037 3,006 2,974 2,944 2,914 2,884 2,855
5 3,993 3,941 3,890 3,840 3,791 3,743 3,696 3,650 3,605 3,561 3,517 3,475 3,433 3,392 3,352
6 4,623 4,554 4,486 4,420 4,355 4,292 4,230 4,170 4,111 4,054 3,998 3,942 3,889 3,836 3,784
7 5,206 5,119 5,033 4,950 4,868 4,789 4,712 4,640 4,564 4,492 4,423 4,355 4,288 4,224 4,160
8 5,747 5,639 5,535 5,433 5,335 5,239 5,146 5,056 4,968 4,882 4,799 4,718 4,639 4,562 4,487
9 6,247 6,119 5,995 5,875 5,759 5,646 5,537 5,431 5,328 5,228 5,132 5,038 4,946 4,858 4,772
10 6,710 6,561 6,418 6,279 6,145 6,015 5,889 5,768 5,650 5,536 5,426 5319 5,216 5,116 5,019
11 7,139 6,969 6,805 6,647 6,495 6,348 6,207 6,070 5,938 5,810 5,687 5,568 5,453 5341 5,234
12 7,536 7345 7,161 6,984 6,814 6,650 6,492 6,341 6,194 6,054 5,918 5,787 5,660 5,538 5,421
13 7,904 7,691 7,487 7,291 7,103 6,923 6,750 6,583 6,424 6,270 6,122 5,979 5,842 5,710 5,583
14 8,244 8,010 7,786 7,572 7,367 7,170 6,982 6,801 6,628 6,462 6302 6,149 6,002 5,861 5,724
15 8,559 8,304 8,061 7,828 7,606 7,394 7,191 6,997' 6,811 6,633 6,462 6,299 6,142 5,992 5,847
16 8,851 8,576 8313 8,062 7,824 7,596 7379 7,172 6,974 6,785 6,604 6,431 6,265 6,106 5,954
17 9,122 8,825 8,543 8,276 8,022 7,779 7,549 7,329 7,119 6,920 6,729 6,547 6,373 6,207 6,048
18 9372 9,056 8,756 8,471 8,201 7,945 7,702 7,470 7,250 7,040 6,840 6,649 6,467 6,294 6,128
19 9,603 9,268 8,950 8,650 8,365 8,095 7,839 7,596 7366 7,146 6,938 6,739 6,551 6,370 6,198
20 9,818 9,463 9,129 8,812 8,514 8,231 7,963 7,710' 7,469 7,241 7,025 6,819 6,623 6,437 6,259
25 10,675 10,234 9,823 9,438 9,077 8,739 8,422 8,123 7,843 7,579 7,330 7,095 6,873 6,663 6,464
30 11,258 10,747 10,274 9,835 9,427 9,047 8,868 8,364 8,055 7,766 7,496 7,242 7,003 6,778 6,566
35 11,655 11,088 10,567 10,087 9,644 9,234 8,855 8,503 8,175 7,870 7,586 7,320 7,070 6,836 6,617
40 11,925 11,315 10,757 10,247 9,779 9,348 8,951 8,587 8,244 7,928 7,634 7,361 7,105 6,866 6,642


'Example. Assumes a $10,000 after tax income at 11.5% interest rate and a 15-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $69,970
($6,997 x 10). At 11.5% interest rate and a 20-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $77,100 ($7,710 x 10).