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 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Acknowledgements
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Main
 Reference
 Addenda














Budgeting costs and returns
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026157/00015
 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Budgeting costs and returns for Central Florida citrus production
Budgeting costs and returns for for <sic> Central Florida citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1989
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Marketing -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: governmental publication   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Title varies slightly: <1992-93>- Budgeting costs and returns for Central Florida Citrus Production.
General Note: Description based on: 1978-79; cover title.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000313320
oclc - 08042638
notis - ABU0053
lccn - sn 82000631 /g
System ID: UF00026157:00015

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgements
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Reference
        Page 10
    Addenda
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
Full Text










ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing round oranges in the Central
Florida citrus area are presented for the sixteenth consecutive year.
Due to the freezes of the 1980's, the Central Florida citrus area refers
primarily to Polk and Highlands counties. The format presented may be
used by individual growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing
individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Central Florida, budgeting, costs and returns.

NOTE: Central Florida production area refers to Polk and Highlands
counties. However, the costs presented in this report are
applicable to other counties such as Hardee, Hillsborough, and
Lake-Orange counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove
practices being used by growers--e.g., chemical mowing, new spray
materials, higher rates of fertilization, microsprinkler irriga-
tion, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs shown
may be higher than reported in previous years.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom managed
operation. Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the
average custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling and super-
vision charge is added to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table
3 are representative for a mature Central Florida Valencia orange
grove, the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ
depending upon the grove practices performed. For example, a
Temik application would add $132.34 per acre; extensive tree loss
due to blight or tristeza could substantially increase the tree
replacement and care costs; travel and set-up costs may vary due
to size of citrus grove and distance from grove equipment barn.

A severe freeze occurred in Florida during December 1989. The
result was severe tree damage and loss in North and Central Polk
County. Fruit loss was extensive with approximately 50 percent
of the Valencia crop destroyed. Fruit loss due to the 1989
freeze is reflected in the budget example presented in this
report.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final
draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production
managers of the Central Florida citrus production area who provided
suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.











ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing round oranges in the Central
Florida citrus area are presented for the sixteenth consecutive year.
Due to the freezes of the 1980's, the Central Florida citrus area refers
primarily to Polk and Highlands counties. The format presented may be
used by individual growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing
individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Central Florida, budgeting, costs and returns.

NOTE: Central Florida production area refers to Polk and Highlands
counties. However, the costs presented in this report are
applicable to other counties such as Hardee, Hillsborough, and
Lake-Orange counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove
practices being used by growers--e.g., chemical mowing, new spray
materials, higher rates of fertilization, microsprinkler irriga-
tion, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs shown
may be higher than reported in previous years.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom managed
operation. Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the
average custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling and super-
vision charge is added to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table
3 are representative for a mature Central Florida Valencia orange
grove, the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ
depending upon the grove practices performed. For example, a
Temik application would add $132.34 per acre; extensive tree loss
due to blight or tristeza could substantially increase the tree
replacement and care costs; travel and set-up costs may vary due
to size of citrus grove and distance from grove equipment barn.

A severe freeze occurred in Florida during December 1989. The
result was severe tree damage and loss in North and Central Polk
County. Fruit loss was extensive with approximately 50 percent
of the Valencia crop destroyed. Fruit loss due to the 1989
freeze is reflected in the budget example presented in this
report.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final
draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production
managers of the Central Florida citrus production area who provided
suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.















TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

ABSTRACT. . . . . .. . . i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. . . . . ... . .. i

LIST OF TABLES. . . . . ... . .. iii

INTRODUCTION. . . . . ... . .. 1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION . . . ... 1

COSTS AND INPUTS. . . . . ... . .. 2

THE GROVE SITUATION . . . . ... .. 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS. . . . . .. 5

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS. . . . . ... .. 7

REFERENCES. . . . . ... . . 10

ADDENDA . . . . ... . . 11














LIST OF TABLES


Table Page

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a
Central Florida citrus grove, 1989-90 . . 3

2 Calculation of normal production per acre, 1989-90. 5

3 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature,
Valencia orange grove producing for the processed market,
Central Florida area; 1989-90 . . . 6

4 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year
average costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange
grove producing citrus for processing in Central Florida
area, 1985-86--1989-90 . . . . 8

5 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year
average costs and returns (inflated to 1990 dollars) for
a mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus for
processing in Central Florida area, 1985-86--1989-90. .. 9








BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR
CENTRAL FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTION, 1989-90


Ronald P. Muraro, G. Tim Hurner, Jr. and Thomas W. Oswalt


INTRODUCTION


Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions.
Budget analysis can be used to calculate potential profits from an
operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation, and to
determine break-even prices. This paper presents a budget constructed
from current data and serves as a format for growers to analyze costs and
returns from their individual records.
During the 1980's, several freezes occurred which changed the
character of the Central Florida citrus production area. The December
1983 and January 1985 freezes caused extensive tree and acreage losses in
the north central counties such as Lake and Orange counties. The
December 1989 freeze resulted in severe tree damage and tree loss in
North and Central Polk County. Also, fruit loss was extensive during the
1989-90 season with approximately 50 percent of the Valencia fruit crop
in Polk and Highlands counties destroyed. Thus, Central Florida in this
report refers primarily to Polk and Highlands counties. Budgets for
rehabilitating or replanting citrus groves where extensive tree damage or
loss has occurred are presented and discussed in a separate report.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom opera-
tors, input suppliers, growers, and colleagues at the Citrus Research
and Education Center in Lake Alfred. The survey is conducted annually
in February and March.




RONALD P. MURARO is associate professor of food and resource
economics and extension farm management economist. He is stationed at
the Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred. G. TIM HURNER,
JR. is county extension director in Highlands County, Sebring. THOMAS
W. OSWALT is extension agent, citrus in Polk County, Bartow.










COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus
growers as well as the average of the data obtained from annual custom
rate and chemical and fertilizer surveys. Growers costs are shown in
the ADDENDA, Tables 1-A through 8-A. The custom rate costs are shown in
Table 9-A and the various chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in
Table 10-A in the ADDENDA. The budget costs represent a custom managed
operation. Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the average
custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is
added to the material cost.
Although brand names are used in many of the tables in the ADDENDA,
this does not imply endorsement by the University of Florida. It is
merely an attempt to depict typical production practices.
All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to
insert data from a particular grove. This will allow a comparison of
the grower's costs with those presented.


THE GROVE SITUATION


Production practices for a Central Florida round orange grove are
shown in Table 1 with times during the year when they would likely be
performed. There are two benefits to developing such a table for an
individual grove. First, it shows what work is needed and when, so that
operations can be planned well in advance. Second, it can be helpful if
an annual cash flow analysis is developed to plan financing. The
individual grower may benefit from developing a plan for a particular
grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it
difficult to define a "typical" grove. Many combinations of practices
and various tree variety combinations produce acceptable yields and
returns. Although the example represents a Valencia orange grove, the
cost and return data are designed to be applicable to most grove
situations. A grower, realtor, or land appraiser can substitute
individual grove costs and expected returns into the budget format and
















Table 1.--Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Central Florida citrus grove, 1989-90a

Month
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


50%
Total revenue: 20% Partial Final
deposit payment payment
Less: Pick & haul cost X
DOC advertisement tax X

Grove expenses:
Disc X X
Chop
How X X X
Labor, general grove
work, pull vines X X
Herbicide (1/2 grove acre
equivalent) X X
Spray: Post bloom/nutritional X
Sumer oil/greasy spot X
Fall miticide X
Supplemental miticide
Dust
Fertilizer 700 N/A 700 N/A 70# N/A Dolomite
Hedging and topping Hedge
Brush removal/chop brush Chop brush
Tree removal X
Young tree care X X X X X
Irrigation (times/aonth) 2 3 3 2 1 1
Miscellaneous
Grove taxes including water management X
Interest expense X
Annual principal payment on mortgage X

aThs is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.










develop a budget for a particular grove. A "your cost" column is
provided for this purpose.
In the following budget, above average management and cultural
practices are assumed. Beyond this general assumption, the following
specifics are assumed.


1. A 20+ year-old, permanent overhead-irrigated grove;
2. Variety is Valencia round orange;
3. Tree loss is 3 percent annually;
4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls
below 50 percent of expected yield;
5. Production is for processed use;
6. Tree density is 78 trees per acre; and
7. Custom-caretaker providing grove management.



As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will
vary. The budget reflects the following age distribution:


Situation Boxes/tree

3% pulled and reset 0.0
3% 1 year old 0.0
3% 2 years old 0.0
3% 3 years old 0.6
3% 4 years old 0.9
45% 5-19 years old 4.6
3% producing 50% of expected yield 4.0
37% mature producing 8.0


Calculation of normal production per tree is shown in Table 2.
Note that the proportion of trees by age column only adds to 91 percent
since 9 percent of the trees are non-bearing.








Table 2.--Calculation of normal production per acre, 1989-90
J- ii i -
Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes

Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. agea age -----No.-----
3 years 78 x 0.03 = 2.3 x 0.6 = 1.38
4 years 78 x 0.03 = 2.3 x 0.9 = 2.07
5-19 years 78 x 0.45 = 35.1 x 4.6 = 161.46
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 78 x 0.03 = 2.3 x 4.0 = 9.20
20 years 78 x 0.37 = 28.9 x 8.0 = 231.20
Total boxes = 405.31

proportion adds up to 0.91 (91 percent) as 9 percent of the trees
were non-bearing (pulled and reset, 1 and 2 year old trees; see page 4).


BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS


The estimated budget costs and returns for the Central Florida grove
situation are shown in Table 3. The budgeted costs represent one
possible citrus production program and were selected from the costs shown
in the ADDENDA tables. The gross revenue estimates are based on the
projected yields in Table 3 and estimated preliminary on-tree prices for
the 1989-90 season. Historical on-tree prices for selected Florida
citrus varieties are shown in Table 12-A of the Addenda.
As shown in Table 3, the total revenue for processed market Valencia
oranges is estimated to be $1,958.95 per acre. Total specified costs are
$865.93 and are comprised of grove care costs of $767.98, plus management
cost of $97.95. Return to land and trees of $1,093.02 represents net
return above fixed costs. The break-even price for Valencia oranges
ranged from $3.04 to $2.02 per box on-tree and $0.80 to $0.63 per pound
solids delivered-in at 300 and 500 boxes per acre, respectively.
Ad valorem taxes, and overhead and administrative costs--such as
water drainage district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower
assessments can add up to 12 percent of the total grove care costs.
These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and time
of purchase or establishment. However, as a guideline, ad valorem taxes


L













Table 3.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Valencia orange grove
Florida area, 1989-90


producing for the processed market, Central


Item Description Amount Your cost

-----------------Dollars---------------

I. Revenue 203 boxes @ $9.65b 1,958.95
II. Expensese
Weed control
Discing 2 times per year 16.00
Mow middles 3 times per year 28.68
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 16.32
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Program #1) 90.62 151.62
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs #3, #10 & 011) 216.37
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #3) 138.37
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Program 11) 10.05
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($290.00/hr. 4 8.0 A/hr.) 3 yrs. 12.08
Remove brush from trees ($13.01/A 4 3 yrs.) 4.34
Hedging ($200.00/hr. 4 8.0 A/hr.) + 2 yrs. 12.50
Mow brush ($10.19/A 4 2 yrs.) 5.45 34.37
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees 3 trees per acre 15.07
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 3 trees per acre 24.15
Water resets (Average 5 waterings) 11.80
Supplemental fertilizer, tree
wraps, maintenance, sprout,
Ridomil/Aliette, etc. Including application 22.22 72.74
Overhead irrigation (Table 8-A, Program #1) 14.46
Total grove care expenses 767.98
III. Management 5% of gross sales 97.95
IV. Total specified costs 865.93
V. Return to land, trees, and ownership 1,093.02
VI. Break-even price for total specified costs.
Boxes per acre Boxes per acre

300 350 00 4'50 500 300 350 o00 150 500

$ On-tree price per box $ Delivered-in price per pound solidf
3.01 2.68 2.40 2.19 2.02 0.80 0.74 0.69 0.66 0.63

aAlthough the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table 3 are representative for a mature Central Florida Valencia
orange grove, the grove care costs for a specific grove site my differ depending upon the grove practices performed; e.g., a Temik
application would add $132.34 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza would double the tree replacement and care costs;
travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of citrus grove and distance from grove equipment barn.
bOn-tree price per box is preliminary; assumes price for processed oranges only. Due to the December 1989 freeze, normal expected
yield was reduced 50%.
aAssumes material custom applied; therefore, a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to material cost.
other methods to estimate a management cost--e.g.. $2.50 to $5.00 per acre per month or 10% of total grove care costs--are used
in the industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and trees than reported here.
eOther cost items which are not included In the budget are ad valorem taxes, and interest on grove investment. In addition to
these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water drainage/district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower
assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location,
and time of purchase or grove establishment.
Assumes 6.0 pound solids per box and $1.75 pick and haul cost per box.








in the Central Florida citrus area average $40 to $50 per acre. These
costs should be considered in arriving at a net return to land, trees,
and ownership (total return minus costs). Also, average annual debt
payment (principal and interest) may be as high as $530 per acre ($4,500
average debt per acre @ 10 percent interest amortized over 20 years)
which would reduce total available cash for grove expansion or other
investment.


HISTORICAL COST TRENDS

Annual budgets of costs and returns for mature, processed Valencia
oranges in the Central Florida area have been developed and published
the past four years. Estimated cost and return histories for 1985-86
through 1988-89 along with 1989-90, and a five-year average are
presented in Table 4. The affects of recent freezes on Florida's annual
orange supply has resulted in a fluctuating on-tree price per box.
However, even with increasing operating costs, annual net return to land
and trees has increased over the five-year period. To allow comparisons
in current values, these same costs and returns, adjusted to 1990
dollars, are presented in Table 5.












Table 4.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus for processing in Central
Florida area, 1985-86--1989-90


On-tree Total Net return to
price Gross specified land, trees,
Year /box Yield revenue costs and ownership


--------------------Dollars-----------------

1985-86 $3.98 405 1,611.90 738.28 875.62
1986-87 6.00 405 2,430.00 802.15 1,627.85
1987-88 8.75 405 3,543.75 902.71 2,641.04
1988-89 8.35 405 3,381.75 913.30 2,468.45
1989-90 9.65b 203c 1,958.95 865.93 1,093.02

5-yr. avg. 7.35 365 2,682.75 844.47 1,838.28


aOn-tree prices for all sales methods as reported by the Florida Agricultural
Statistics Service.

Preliminary estimate by authors at time of printing and is not a published price.

CNormal expected yield was reduced 50% due to December 1989 freeze.

Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included. A
management cost of 5% of gross revenue is included.











Table 5.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 1990 dollars) for a mature, Valencia orange grove producing citrus for
processing in Central Florida area, 1985-86--1989-90


Inflation On-tree Total Net return to
factor price Gross specified land, trees,
Year index /box Yield revenue costs and ownership

------------------Dollars---------------

1985-86 119.3 $4.75 405 1,923.75 880.77 1,042.98
1986-87 115.1 6.91 405 2,798.55 923.27 1,875.28
1987-88 110.6 9.68 405 3,920.40 998.40 2,922.00
1988-89 105.5 8.81 405 3,568.05 963.53 2,604.52
1989-90 100.0 9.65 203 1,958.95 865.93 1,093.02

5-yr. avg. -- 7.96 365 2,905.40 926.38 1,979.02

aConsumer price index for each year adjusted to 1990 prices (1990 = 100), with 1990 consumer
price index estimated to be 391.7. Consumer price index for other years are: 1986 = 328.4; 1987
= 340.4; 1988 = 354.3 and 1989 = 371.3.










REFERENCES


1. Citrus Summary 1988-89. Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
Florida Agricultural Statistics. Dec. 1989.

2. Florida Citrus Spray Guide 1990. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP


43. Gainesville:


Jan. 1990.


3. Harrison, D. S. and R. C. J. Koo. Sprinkler Irrigation Systems for
Citrus. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Ext. Rpt. AE 73-15 (Rev.). Gainesville:
Aug. 1974.

4. Koo, R. C. J., editor. Recommended Fertilizers and Nutritional
Sprays for Citrus. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 536D.
Gainesville: March 1984.

5. Muraro, Ronald P. "Comparative Citrus Budgets." Lake Alfred
Citrus Research and Education Center (CREC) Report. Lake Alfred,
FL: May 1990.


"Cost for
Grove through Four
CREC Report. Lake


Establishing, Planting, and Maintaining a Citrus
Years of Age, North Florida Area." Lake Alfred
Alfred, FL: March 1990.


"Summary Custom Rate Survey for Thirty-eight Interior
Citrus Caretakers." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL:
May 1990.


and John L. Jackson. Ten
of Freeze Damaged Citrus Groves.


-year Analysis for Rehabilitation
Univ. of Fla., Food and Resource


Econ. Staff Paper 270. Jan. 1985.


9. and J. Fred Kurras. "Estimating the Damage to Citrus Trees
and Resulting Value Loss Due to the January, 1982 Freeze," Florida
Food and Resource Economics No. 39 (Mar.-Apr. 1982). University of
Florida: Gainesville.

10. Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Age. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8.
Univ. of Fla., Gainesville. 1960.









ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Programs for Central Florida Citrus
Production for Both Round Oranges and Grapefruita


Table 1-A.






Table 2-A.

Table 3-A.

Table 4-A.

Table 5-A.

Table 6-A.

Table 7-A.

Table 8-A.






Table 9-A.


Table 10-A.


Table 11-A.



Table 12-A.

Table 13-A.


Spray programs ....

Post bloom spray .
Summer spray .
Fall spray . .

Herbicide . .

Dry fertilizer. .

Liquid fertilizer .

Fertigation .. .. .

Nematicides .

Soil amendment. .

Irrigation--annual cost

Permanent Overhead. ..
Microsprinkler ....
Volume gun (traveling).


acre.


A listing of 1990 custom rates reported
eight Ridge citrus caretakers . .


by thirty-


1990 summary of average chemical and fertilizer price
estimates . . . . . .

Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a
citrus grove through four years of age, North Florida
area. . . . . . .

Historic prices for selected citrus varieties .

Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual
payment capacity . . . . .


B = Boron Mg = Magnesium
Cu = Copper Mn = Manganese
Fe = Iron Zn = Zinc

The costs in the ADDENDA represent a custom managed operation.
Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the average custom rate
costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to the
material cost.


Page

12

12
13
14

16

17

19

19

20

20

21

21
21
21


22


. . . . .
. . .


S . . .


. . . .











Table 1-A.--Spray programs


POST BLOOM SPRAY


Spray Progr
















Spray Progr


Spray Progr


Materials/ Amount/
am #1 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Ethion 5 pts $18.43
Cu 15 Ibs 19.72
Zn 10 lbs 10.12
Mn 10 lbs 3.41
B 1.25 Ibs 0.84
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 250 gals 24.56

Total per Application $79.90

----------------------------------------------

Materials/ Amount/
am #2 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Cu 15 lbs $19.72
Zn 10 lbs 10.12
Mn 10 lbs 3.41
B 1.25 lbs 0.84
Kelthane MF 5 pts 27.00
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 250 gals 24.56


Total per Application $88.47

-------------------

Materials/ Amount/
'am #3 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Ethion 4EC 5 pts $18.43
Zn 15 lbs 15.18
Mn 15 Ibs 5.12
B 2.5 lbs 1.68
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 500 gals 34.90


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


1


$78.13


Total per Application








Table 1-A.--POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #4


Spray Progr


Spray Progr


SUMMER SPRA

Spray Progr


Spray Progr


Materials/
Ingredients


Amount/
Acre


Cost/Acre


Cu 15 lbs $19.72
Morestan 25WP 2.5 lbs 27.58
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 250 gals 24.56
Total per Application $74.68

Materials/ Amount/


am #5 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Vendex 50WP 1.25 lbs $24.06
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 250 gals 24.56
Total per Application $51.44

Materials/ Amount/
am #6 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Vendex 4L 2 pts $38.79
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 250 gals 24.56
Total per Application $66.17


Y
Materials/ Amount/
am #7 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Oil 97+% 5 gals $ 9.63
Cu 7 lbs 9.86
Ethion 6.0 pts 22.12
Ground Application 250 gals 24.56
Total per Application $66.17

Materials/ Amount/
am #8 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre


Oil
Ethion
Ground Application
Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


5 gals
6 pts
500 gals


$ 9.63
22.12
34.90
$66.65











Table 1-A.--SUMMER SPRAY (cont'd.)
Materials/
Spray Program #9 Ingredients


Spray Progr










Spray Progr


Spray Progr

(Scale in


Oil 2.5 gals $ 4.81
Vendex 50WP 2 Ibs 38.50
Cu 7 lbs 9.86
Ground Application 250 gals 24.56
Total per Application $77.73

Materials/ Amount/
Materials/ Amount!


am #10 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Kelthane MF 6 pts $32.41
Cu 7 lbs 9.86
Oil 5 gals 9.63
Ground Application 500 gals 34.90
Total per Application $86.80
--------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
am #11 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Oil 97+% 5 gals $ 9.63
Agri-Mek 10 ozs 41.58
Ground Application 500 gals 34.90
Total per Application $86.11
------------------------------------- ----------
Materials/ Amount/
am #12 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

sects) Lorsban 4EC 7 pts $34.65
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 500 gals 34.90


Total per Application


$72.37


Table 1-A.--FALL SPRAY
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #13 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Kelthane MF 6 pts $32.41
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 250 gals 24.56
Total $59.79
--------------------------------------------------------


Amount/
Acre


Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre










Table 1-A.--FALL SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #14


Spray Progr


Spray Progr


Spray Progr


Materials/
Ingredients


Amount/
Acre


Cost/Acre


Vendex 50 WP 1.25 lbs $24.06
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 250 gals 24.56

Total per Application $51.44


Materials/ Amount/
am #15 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Ethion 6 pts $22.12
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 500 gals 34.90

Total per Application $59.84


Materials/ Amount/
'am #16 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Sulfur (Dust) 60 Ibs $11.22
Ground Application 8.04

Total per Application $19.26
-- -- - -- -- - -- -- --=


Materials/


Amount/


am #17 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Dicofol 4E 6 pts $32.94
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 250 gals 24.56

Total per Application $60.32


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre










Table 2-A.--Herbicide

Herbicide Program #1
(Strip/band)


Materials
Krovar II
Gramoxone


Amount/
Grove Acre'
6 lbs
1.5 pts


Cost/
Grove Acre
$61.97
8.07


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Herbicide Pi
(Strip/bb


Herbicide Pi
(Strip/b,


Ground Application
(2 times) 80 gals 20.58
Total for 2 Applications $90.62
-----------------------------------------------
Amount/ Cost/
-ogram #2 Materials Grove Acrea Grove Acre
and) Krovar II 6 lbs $61.97
Gramoxone 5 pts 26.90
Ground Application
(2 times) 80 gals 20.58
Total for 2 Applications $109.45

Amount/ Cost/
program #3 Materials Grove Acrea Grove Acre
and) Hyvar X 8 lbs $104.72
Princep (Caliber 90) 4 lbs 13.11


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Ground Application
(2 times) 80 gals 20.58
Total for 2 Applications $138.41

Amount/ Cost/
Herbicide Program #4 Materials Grove Acrea Grove Acre
(Strip/band) Round-up 2 qts $32.34
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application


Herbicide PI
(Strip/ba


(1 time) 20 gals 10.29
Total for 1 Application $45.45

Amount/ Cost/
program #5 Materials Grove Acrea Grove Acre
and) Krovar II 6 lbs $61.97
Round-up 1 pt 8.09
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 qt 5.64


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Ground Application
(3 times) 120 gals 30.87
Total for 3 applications $106.57

aWith respect to herbicide materials, Amount Per Grove Acre does not equal
Amount Per Treated Acre shown on the label as only a strip or band is being
treated. In this report, it is assumed that only 50% or one-half of a grove acre
is being treated.








Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #6


Materials


Amount/
Grove Acrea


Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


(Strip/band)


Round-up
Princep (Caliber 90)
Adjuvant (Surfactant)


Ground Application
(1 time) 50 gals 10.29
Total for 1 Application $53.31
-------------------------------------------------------
Amount/ Cost/
Herbicide Program #7 Materials Grove Acre Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


(Spot herbicide
for grass/brush
regrowth under


trees.)


Herbicide Pr


Round-up


1 pt


$ 8.09


Ground Application


(1 time) 3.79
Total for 1 Application $11.88
----------------------------------------
Amount/ Cost/
ogram #8 Materials Grove Acre Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


(Trunk-to-trunk)


Krovar II
Round-up
Adjuvant (Surfactant)


12 lbs
1 pt
1 qt


Ground Application
(2 times)
Total for 2 Applications


Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer


Program #1


(162 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-2-15-2.4 MgO
Application


Total for 3 Applications $125.08

Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre


Program #2


(180 lbs N/Acre)


12-2-15-2.4 MgO
Application


Total for 3 Applications $135.84


1.5 qts
4 lbs
1 qt


$24.27
13.11
5.64


$123.94
8.09
5.64

20.58
$158.25


Amount/
Acre

1350 Ibs
3 times


Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


$104.53
20.55


Your
Cost/Acre


1500 lbs
3 times


$115.29
20.55











Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer (cont'd.)

Analysis/Material


Program #3

(212 lbs


Program #4
(225 lbs






Program #5
(240 lbs






Program #6
(272 lbs






Program #7
(Young T
Soli


Program #8
(Young Tr
Soli


Amount/


Applied Acre Cost/Acre

N/Acre) 16-0-16-4 MgO 1325 lbs $117.82

Application 3 times 20.55

Total for 3 Applications $138.37

Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre
N/Acre) 15-2-15-2.4 MgO 1500 lbs $124.68
Application 3 times 20.55
Total for 3 Applications $145.23
------------------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre
N/Acre) 16-2-16-3 MgO 1500 lbs $130.73
Application 2 times 20.55
Total for 2 Applications $151.28
----------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre
N/Acre) 17-0-17-3 MgO 1600 lbs $143.44
Application 3 times 20.55
Total for 3 Applications $163.99
----------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre
rees-- 8-4-8 with minors 475 Ibs $30.32
.d Set)
ADDlication 1 time 6.85


Total for 1 Application $37.17
----------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre
ees-- 8-4-8 with minors 302 lbs $19.07
d Set)
Application 1 time 6.85
Total for 1 Application $25.92


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre






Your
Cost/Acre






Your
Cost/Acre






Your
Cost/Acre







Your
Cost/Acre









Table 4-A.--Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application)

Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #1 Applied Acre Cost/Acre
(180 lbs N/Acre) 12-0-12 1500 lbs $ 94.06
Double Boom Application 3 times 31.50
Total for 3 Applications $125.66

Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #2 Applied Acre Cost/Acre
(180 lbs N/Acre) 12-4-12 1500 lbs $107.56
Double Boom Application 3 times 31.50
Total for 3 Applications $139.06

Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #3 Applied Acre Cost/Acre
(180 lbs N/Acre) 12-0-12 1500 lbs $ 94.06
Krovar II 6 lbs 61.97
Double Boom Application 3 times 31.50
Total for 3 Applications $187.53


Table 5-A.--Fertigation


Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #1 Applied Acre Cost/Acre
(Supplemental) 10-0-10 400 lbs $20.96
Application 3.89
Total per Application $24.85

Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #2 Applied Acre Cost/Acre
(Supplemental) 8-4-8 750 lbs $41.33
Application 4.90
Total per Application $46.23

Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #3 Applied Acre Cost/Acre
(Exclusive) 8-0-8 2000 Ibs $ 99.19
Application 13.67
Total per Application $112.86


Your
Cost/Acre






Your
Cost/Acre






Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre






Your
Cost/Acre






Your
Cost/Acre











Table 6-A.--Nematicides


Program #1









Program #2









Program #3


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

Temik 15 G 33 Ibs $120.15
Application 12.19
Total per Application $132.34
----------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

Nemacur 15 G 67 Ibs $210.78
Application 12.19
Total per Application $222.97
----------------------------------

Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

Nemacur 15 G 50 Ibs $157.30
Application 12.19
Total per Application $169.49


Table 7-A.--Soil amendment


Program #1

(Every 3








Program #2

(Every ye


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

years) Dolomite (Delivered) 1 ton $23.51
Application 1 time 6.64
Total for 1 Application $30.15
(Average 1/3 Ton Applied/Yr) $10.05
------------------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

ar) Dolomite (Delivered) 1000 lbs $11.76
Application 6.64


Total per Application


$18.40


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre






21


Table 8-A.--Irrigation--annual cost per acre

PERMANENT OVERHEAD

Your Your
Program #1 Cost/Acre Program #2 Cost/Acre

Operating $117.88 $ 80.15
(Electric) (Diesel)

Maintenance of System 26.58 33.12

Total Cost $144.46 $113.27

------------------------------------------------------------

MICROSPRINKLER

Your Your
Program #3 Cost/Acre Program #4 Cost/Acre

Operating $68.21 $46.38
(Electric) (Diesel)

Maintenance of System 41.16 47.34

Total Cost $109.37 $93.72

---------------------------me--eemmewmeeommeoemw-------------

VOLUME GUN (TRAVELING)

Your
Program #5 Cost/Acre

Operating $204.23
(Diesel)

Maintenance of System 17.08

Total Cost $221.31


L











Table 9-A.--A listing of 1990 custom rates reported by thirty-eight Ridge citrus caretakers

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate Coments


CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT:


Hand Hoe/Hand Labor
Machine Hoe
Rotovate
Disc 7'
Disc 7'
Disc 9'-10'
Disc 9'-10'
Disc 9'-10'
Chop
Chop
Chop
Mow 5'-7'
Mow 11'
Mow 15'
Mow
Herbicidez (Strip/Band--Single Boom)
Herbicidez (Strip/Band--Single Boom)
Herbicidez (Strip/Band--Double Boom)
Herbicidez (Trunk-to-Trunk)
Herbicide (Trunk-to-Trunk)
Herbicidez (Chemical Mow)
Temik/Nemacurz
Pumigate
Plow
Devlner
Pick-up Truck with Driver
Truck with Driver
Tractor with Driver

SPRAYING:z

Hand Sprayer
Kinkelder Sprayer
Swanson Sprayer
Tree-See
Dilute, 500 gal. tank
2X, 500 gal. tank
3X, 500 gal. tank
4X, 500 gal. tank
6X, 500 gal. tank
1,000 GPA
500 GPA
250 CPA
200 GPA
125 GPA
100 CPA
Aerial

DUSTING:2

Ground Application
Ground Application

FERTILIZE AND SOIL AMENDMENTS:z


6.50-4 10.00 $ 8.16 Plus transportation
21.85- 35.00 22.64
21.00- 35.00 26.25
20.00- 27.00 22.45
6.00- 8.00 7.58 One-way discing; Avg. $9.00/acre two ways
20.00- 35.00 24.33
8.50- 14.50 10.50 Two-way discing
6.50- 9.50 8.00 One-way dicing
20.00- 27.00 23.37 Two ways
8.00- 10.00 9.08 Two ways
6.50- 9.00 7.79 One-way chopping
20.00- 27.00 23.14
20.00- 27.85 23.77
30.00- 41.00 33.00
8.00- 11.25 9.56
21.00- 35.00 24.20 Plus materials
9.00- 13.00 10.29 Plus materials; Average 346/gallon plus materials
9.50- 13.00 10.83 Plus materials; One reporting 40i/gallon plus
25.45- 37.00 30.07 Plus materials \materials
10.50- 15.00 12.21 Plus materials; One reporting 28/gallon plus
7.00- 9.50 8.50 Plus materials \materials
10.00- 14.00 12.19 Plus materials
space: $2/space -- Field: $12/gallon includes material
20.00- 25.00 22.36 One reporting $12.00/acre
20.00- 25.00 21.49
10.00- 17.50 14.10
18.00- 23.40 21.38
17.50- 32.00 21.45


Hour
Acre
Hour
$85/hoi
Tank
Tank
Tank
Tank
Tank
Acre
Acre
Acre
Acre
Acre
Acre
Fixed


$ 37.55-$ 55.00


ur; Average $24/acre
16.00- 20.00
30.00- 37.00
34.00- 60.00
50.00- 61.50

32.00- 40.00
30.00- 48.00
18.50- 30.00
19.20- 24.60
16.00- 19.50

Wing: $3.50/acre 8


Hour A -- $ --
Acre 5.00- 10.00


Liquid Boom Application:
Single Boom Hour
Double Boom Acre
Dry (Bulk) Hour
Dry (Bulk) Acre
Dry (Bulk) Ton
Lime or Dolomite Acre
Lime or Dolomite Ton
Fertilize Young Trees:
Hand Spread Hour
Pert. Spreader Hour
Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation System:


$ 29.60-$ 40.00

21.00- 23.85
5.00- 10.00
10.00- 16.00
6.00- 8.25
6.25- 10.00


$ 43.70 Includes tractor, handgun sprayer and 3 works
15.00 50 GPA
28.00
AVI GPA rates
18.33
33.20
49.13
54.50
70.00
37.38
34.90
24.56
21.15
17.80 $10/acre 1 10 GPA (ULV)
17.60
5 GPA; $6/acre s 10 CPA; $8/acre # 15 GPA; $12/acre 0 20 GPA


ers


$ 22.35 Plus materials
8.04 Plus materials


$34.80
10.50
$ 22.43
6.85
13.75
6.64
7.69


Haul and spread--Avg. $24/hour


6.50- 10.00 8.16 Plus transportation
21.00- 25.00 22.92 Plus materials; Avg. $5.76/acre
Average $25.03/hour for treator/truok, driver and fertilizer tank
Inject fungicide/herbicide, $3.50/acre


IRRIGATION:

Permanent Overhead
Microsprinkler
4-Wheel ATC
3-Wheel ATC
Water/Supply Truck
Ring Young Trees:
Hand Labor
Mechanical
Mechanical


Acre $ 2.25-$ 3.00
Acre 2.25- 2.50
Hour 12.00- 17.50
Hour 10.00- 18.00
Hour 17.50- 30.00


$ 2.63
2.42
14.39
13.67
21.72


Start and supervision
Start and supervision
Check/repair microsprinkler irrigation system--
Check/repair aicrosprinkler \plus materials
\irrigation system--plus materials


Hour 6.50- 10.00 8.16 Labor plus equipment
Hour 22.50- 30.00 25.58
Per tree Solid-set: $2.00/tree; Reset: $3.75/tree


(OVER)









Table 9-A.--A listing of 1990 custom rates reported by thirty-eight Ridge citrus caretakers (cont'd.)


Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate Commnts


REMOVING TREES:


Tree Shearing (Cutting Tree at
Ground Level)
Front End Loader
Bulldozer
Tree Spade


PRUNING:

Power Saw with Operator
Power Saw without Operator
Hedging:
Single Side (Tractor Pulled)
Single Side (Tractor Mounted)
Double Side (Tractor Pulled)
Double Side (Tractor Mounted)
Double Side (Self Propelled)
Topping:
Tractor Pulled
Tractor Mounted
Self Propelled
Double Boom (Self Propelled)
Removing Brush:
Haul Brush out of Grove
Front-end Loader (Push Brush)
Chop/Mow Brush

FIRE GROVE:

Stand-by per Man
Firing per Man

BANK AND UNBANK TREES:

Hand Labor
Mechanical

TREE WRAPS:

Wraps (Install)

Wraps (Material)



OTHER CUSTOM RATES:

Plant Resets
Solid Set Planting
Mechanic Labor
Grove Management Charge/Month
Marketing/Supervision Charge



Total Reported Acreage Provided
Grove Service to: (56,100 acres)


Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Average



Hour
Hour

Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour

Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour

Hour
Hour
Hour


$ -- -- $ 50.00
37.50- 55.00 45.21 Average trees removed: Low 6 trees/Hr; High 15
45.00 \trees/Hr
-- -- 22.50
10% of cost for supervision in groves managed.


$ 11.00-S 15.75
4.00- 8.00

40.00- 50.00
70.00- 75.00
55.00- 70.00

230.00- 290.00



250.00- 345.00


18.00- 30.00
40.00- 44.00
21.00- 35.00


Hour $ 8.40-4 15.00
Hour 12.60- 20.00



Hour $ 6.50-$ 10.00
Hour 17.85- 30.00


Per wrap

Per wrap

Per wrap


0.22- 0.47

1.50- 1.69

0.27- 0.75


Per tree $ 2.00-$ 3.00
Per tree 1.00- 2.00
Hour 15.00- 26.00
Acre 1.00- 3.00
259/box; 2.5% of gross sales


* 13.31
5.52

43.33
73.33
65.00
200.00
263.75

90.00
150.00
290.00
450.00

24.28
42.53
25.54


Plus transportation
$1.50-85.00 per tree depending upon trees/acre
\r~uiring pruning
Cover 2-4 acres/hour
Cover 2-5 acres/hour
Cover 3-5 acres/hour
Cover 5-20 acres/hour
Cover 8-20 acres/hour depending on density of
\growth
Cover 1-3 acres/hour
Cover 3-9 acres/hour
Cover 5-10 acres/hour
Cover 2-10 acres/hour (Roof Top)

Tractor/truck and driver

3-6 acres/hour


$ 11.47 Plus transportation; One caretaker reporting
16.30 Plus transportation a fuel \labor costs plus
S50O/mile


$ 8.16 Labor plus transportation; One reporting: Bank e
21.68 \206-50t per tree; unbank 0 259-55f per tree



0.35 Labor plus cost of wrap;
\Several reporting cost plus 10$-203
1.60 Average for "rigid-thick walled" wrap with insect
\paket installed, $2.44 per wrap
0.54 Aluminum/herbicide protection



$ 2.75 Stake, plant and first watering
1.55 Stake, plant, and first watering& One reporting
20.81 \cost plus 101
2.27 Several caretakers reported a yearly management
\charge of 15% of total grove care service
loosts. 10-25S handling spray and fertilizer
materials. MANAGEMENT CHARGE IS FOR SUPER-
rVISING GROVE CARE OPERATION.


300- 11,600 2,244 Several caretakers indicated a reduction in acre-
\e due to affects of December 1989 freeze.


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, Lake Alfred CREC, May 1990.


ZPlus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor and sprayer; supply truck included by most caretakers.

YCalculated by dividing the total number of caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sum reported. Unless otherwise
stated, labor included with all charges.











Table 10-A.--1990 summary of average chemical and fertilizer price estimates


Range or Price Average
Item Unit Reported Price


Pungicides: Aliette 8OW?
Benlate
Copper
Kocide 101
Oil (Soluble) 435
Oil (Soluble) 455
Ildomil 2E
Ridomal 50
Inaecticidea/Nelatlcides:
Agrt-Mk (0.15EC)
Carol
Cooite
Cygon 100
Diasinon
DiOofol IwF
Ethion
Guthion 35W
Keltoane 1HF
Logie Bait
Loraban tEC
Loraban 150
Malathion
Metaaystox-R
Methyl Bromide 98/2
Moreatan 25VP
Nemacur 3EC
Iemacur 150
Orthene (7.55)
Rotate
Sevin 803
Sulphur 6F
Sulphur Dust
Supracide
Temik 15G
hapan
Vendex 50V
Vendex tL
Vorlex
Herbicides: Deline
Diquat
Direx
Evik 80WP
Pusilade 2000 IE
Gramoxone (Paraquat)
Ryvar L
ryvar X
Karsex
Irovar I
Krovar II
Princep (Caliber 90)
Princep tL
Roundup (2.5 gal.)
Roundup (30 gal.)
Siuaine 1tL
Solican
Treflan
Growth Regulators:
Citrus Fix
Pro-Cibb 3.911
Other Spray Materials:
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Boratea
Manganese
Nutraleaf (20-20-20)
Tre-Hold
Zinc


$ 11.65-$ 12.54
11.55- 15.00
1.25- 1.29
1.77- 1.81
1.60- 1.84
1.66- 1.85
135.00- 141.90
3.-5- 3.50



21.70- 25.90
63.00- 64.00


39.00- 40.81
25.95- 28.00

38.52- 40.81
6.25- 6.40
35.50- 36.85
1.70- 1.80

32.00- 33.50

10.50- 11.20
53.50- 55.95
2.83- 2.90
7.85- 8.00
1.80. 1.98
3.20- 3.15

330.00- 350.00
39.75- 42.15
3.28- 3.35


110.00- 144.98

70.00- 70.50


gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
In1.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.

gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.


18.00-

95.00-
37.00-
%7.50-

4.00-
7.60-
9.10-
2.75-
12.13-
60.00-

11.75-
12.75-


22.00

101.20
42.00
48.68

4.25
7.85
10.01
3.00
13.50
64.00

13.50
13.15


220.50- 300.00
30.00- 35.00


19.30-
0.60-
0.28-


21.15
0.65
0.33


0.88- 0.98


(over)


$ 12.00
1I.80
1.28
1.79
1.75
1.75
136.98
3.47


480.00
25.19
63.25
33.15
26.08
39.94
26.78
4.10
39.27
6.30
35.96
1.73
16.50
32.38
0.75
11.03
55.21
2.86
7.95
1.86
3.32
5.50
3o0.00
41.35
3.31
6.50
17.50
111.06
19.90
70.25
64.83
20.63
3.85
97.55
39.13
47.95
11.90
4.13
7.72
9.39
2.98
13.03
60.99
56.65
12.38
12.88
28.85


217.00
32.50


20. 6
0.61
0.31
0.58
25.00
0.92








Table 10-A.--1990 summary or average chemical
(cont'd.)


and fertilizer price estimates


Range of Price Average
Item Unit Reported Price


FERTILIZER (rOB Price f Plant)

Dry Mix


17-0-17-3"g0
17-4-17-2.4 "g0
16-0-16
16-0-16-4 "g
16-2-16-310
15-2-15-2.4 go
12-2-15-2.4 40
-8-a-8
8-8-8 w/minors
8-4-8
8-4-8 w/minors
8-2-8
8-2-8 v/minors
6-6-6 w/minors


Liquid Mix

12-3-6
12-0-6
10-2-10
10-0-10
9-4-9
9-3-9
8-4-8
8-2-8
8-0-8
6-0-12


Slow Release (Toung Tree)

6-6-6 v/minors (255 Organic)
Osmocote
17-6-9 plus minor

Other Fertilizer Haterials

Amonium Nitrate (21 Liquid)
Ammonium Nitrate (Dry)
Amonliu Sulfate
Calciua Nitrate
Dolomite (at mine)
High Cal Lime (at mine)
Muriate of Potash
Super Phosphate
Triple Superphosphate

Average Delivery Cost


$147.70-1l81.30
157.70- 185.10
129.60- 165.80
146.10- 179.80
144.90- 178.70
140.00- 170.40
126.00- 158.20
95.80- 129.10
113.00- 133.80
89.90- 122.70
107.50- 127.40
87.00- 119.60
101.00- 132.00
95.50- 104.00


ton


50 lb. bag


49.95- 53.00


SOURCE: Ronald P. thraro, Extension Pare
Florida. May 1990.


Management Econoeist, CREC. Lake Alfred,


$163.00
168.s4
144.95
161.67
158.16
151.13
139.74
110.58
121.10
104.75
114.83
101.73
114.40
99.33



107.15
94.15
104.25
95.25
106.20
102.20
100.20
93.05
90.17
85.35



123.10


98.30-
86.30-
95.50-
87.50-
97.40-
93.40-
91.40-
83.40-
75.50-
76.70-


116.00
102.00
113.00
103.00
115.00
111.00
109.00
101.00
102.00
94.00


105.00-
140.00-
85.00-
153.05-
8.95-


130.00-
114.00-
120.00-


109.00
185.00
92.00
207.00
14.55


165.00
165.10
183.47


107.00
155.00
89.75
175.01
11.75
8.20
151.08
134.78
159.27

10.58


6.50- 18.00


I








Table 11-A.--Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove
through four years of age, North Florida area

Cost Per Acre
Range Average


Land Cost1
Land Preparation (clearing, disking, leveling)
Soil Amendments: Dolomite 1 ton
Super Phosphate, 400 Ibs.
Cover Crop
Irrigation System: Microsprinkler--with Well3
--without Well


2,500-4,500
275- 7002


9- 16
850-1,650
525-1,250


Water Permits, Environmental Studies,
and Engineering: Cost 35- 80 50
Time in Months 3- 8 6
Percent Land Utilization: Planted to Citrus 90%- 97% 95%
Roads and Service Areas 3%- 10% 5%

North Florida
Year


1 2 3


Solidset Planted Trees4


Microsprinkler Irrigation & Ditch Maintenance
Fertilize Tree
Supplemental Fertilization thru Irrigation
Spray
Insulated Tree Wrap (annual maintenance)
Sprouting (labor)
Cultivation/Mowing
Herbicide
Ridomil/Aliette
Miscellaneous
Total Cost Per Year
Reset Trees (annual additional grove care costs)
Cost of Planting Trees5 SO


------Cost Per Tree------


$0.37 $0.45 $0.55
0.25 0.40 0.55
0.15 0.20 0.25
0.42 0.55 0.65
0.25 0.25 0.25
0.20 0.20 0.00
0.40 0.40 0.40
0.45 0.45 0.45
0.35 0.35 0.00
0.3 0.49 0.47
$3.7 $3.74 $3-.57
$2.13 $2.47 $1.84


olidset = $6.75


$0.65
0.57
0.29
0.75
0.00
0.00
0.40
0.45
0.00
0.47
$3.58


Reset = $8.05


Land cost will vary from one county to another as well as from one parcel to
another.

2Includes fumigation cost of $330 per acre.

3Irrigation costs include distribution system, power unit and well (where
indicated). The higher cost ranges reported also included a cost for fertigation
equipment.

4The per tree costs shown are applicable for tree densities of 145 to 165 trees
per acre.

5Tree cost (bare root) = $3.25; stake, plant, and water tree = $1.25 (solidset)
and $2.55 (resets); and insulated tree wrap = $2.25.

Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL,
March 1990.


3,450
350
35
30
12
1,350
975


4







Table 12-A.--Historic pricesa for selected citrus varieties

Variety

Crop Earlyb and mid- Late season Temple Tan- Tan- Seedy Seedless grapefruit
year season oranges oranges oranges gerines gelos grapefruit (white) (pink)

1958-59 $2.65 $3.12 $2.87 $1.62 $3.55 $0.83 $1.11 $1.44
1959-60 1.82 2.07 2.41 2.59 4.29 0.91 1.16 1.05
1960-61 2.86 3.08 3.43 1.51 4.91 0.84 1.05 0.99
1961-62 1.93 1.81 2.17 2.04 3.36 0.51 0.68 0.86
1962-63 2.17 3.50 3.09 3.02 4.66 0.74 1.29 1.81
1963-64 4.43 4.45 4.45 3.18 4.83 1.91 2.24 2.54
1964-65 2.57 2.28 2.77 2.68 4.00 1.13 1.51 1.82
1965-66 1.44 1.79 1.80 2.14 2.85 1.09 1.39 1.64
1966-67 0.81 1.08 0.88 1.06 1.64 0.60 0.73 0.94
1967-68 1.86 2.28 2.79 4.29 3.22 1.48 2.05 2.48
1968-69 1.56 1.83 2.22 2.55 2.47 0.81 0.98 1.15
1969-70 1.15 1.13 1.47 2.23 1.13 1.42 1.72 1.92
1970-71 1.10 1.91 1.91 1.88 1.04 1.68 1.89 2.15
1971-72 1.98 2.11 1.95 2.97 1.69 2.01 2.27 2.69
1972-73 1.43 1.71 1.95 2.37 1.39 1.63 2.06 2.53
1973-74 1.38 1.59 1.64 2.82 1.25 1.31 1.58 2.12
1974-75 1.46 1.82 1.68 3.05 1.45 0.87 1.55 2.59
1975-76 1.69 1.88 1.79 3.02 1.42 0.85 1.29 2.23
1976-77 1.89 2.63 2.16 3.29 1.42 1.20 1.49 2.04
1977-78 3.90 4.40 3.92 4.79 3.29 1.45 1.47 2.09
1978-79 4.44 4.95 4.89 4.99 3.90 1.84 2.21 3.13
1979-80 3.59 3.89 2.89 4.25 2.87 3.04 3.12 3.80
1980-81 3.67 4.63 4.21 5.45 3.92 2.92 3.46 4.22
1981-82 4.27 4.29 4.01 6.23 3.58 1.13 1.92 2.80
1982-83 4.88 5.41 -3.99 7.57 4.37 0.70 1.51 3.20
1983-84 5.09 6.72 5.34 5.93 4.28 2.01 2.08 4.05
1984-85 7.30 6.88 5.59 15.91 7.08 2.58 3.02 4.84
1985-86 3.92 3.97 3.01 12.69 4.06 3.27 3.56 4.98
1986-87 4.56 6.02 3.60 10.92 3.72 4.27 4.45 5.80
1987-88 6.72 8.73 5.69 12.99 5.58 4.99 5.35 5.93
1988-898 6.55 8.40 4.44 12.25 5.85 3.68 4.42 4.76


a0n-tree average price per box (1-3/5 bushel
box equivalents) for all methods of sale
minus pick and haul charges.
Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.


bNavel and Hamlin
cParson Brown and Pineapple
dValencia


eDuncan
Marsh (white) or pink
gPreliminary









Table 13-A.--Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity

Loan Interest rate paid on the loan
term
(years) 9.0% 9.5% 10.0% 10.5% 11.0% 11.5% 12.0% 12.5% 13.0% 13.5% 14.0% 14.5% 15.0%


1 917 913 909 905 901 897 893 889 885 881 877 873 870
2 1,759 1,747 1,754 1,724 1,713 1,701 1,690 1,679 1,668 1,657 1,647 1,636 1,626
3 2,531 2,509 2,487 2,465 2,444 2,423 2,402 2,381 2,361 2,341 2,322 2,302 2,283
4 3,240 3,204 3,170 3,136 3,102 3,070 3,037 3,006 2,974 2,944 2,914 2,884 2,855
5 3,890 3,840 3,791 3,743 3,696 3,650 3,605 3,561 3,517 3,475 3,433 3,392 3,352
6 4,486 4,420 4,355 4,292 4,230 4,170 4,111 4,054 3,998 3,942 3,889 3,836 3,784
7 5,033 4,950 4,868 4,789 4,712 4,640 4,564 4,492 4,423 4,355 4,288 4,224 4,160
8 5,535 5,433 5,335 5,239 5,146 5,056 4,968 4,882 4,799 4,718 4,639 4,562 4,487
9 5,995 5,875 5,759 5,646 5,537 5,431 5,328 5,228 5,132 5,038 4,946 4,858 4,772
10 6,418 6,279 6,145 6,015 5,889 5,768 5,650 5,536 5,426 5,319 5,216 5,116 5,019
11 6,805 6,647 6,495 6,348 6,207 6,070 5,938 5,810 5,687 5,568 5,453 5,341 5,234
12 7,161 6,984 6,814 6,650 6,492 6,341 6,194 6,054 5,918 5,787 5,660 5,538 5,421
13 7,487 7,291 7,103 6,923 6,750 6,583 6,424 6,270 6,122 5,979 5,842 5,710 5,583
14 7,786 7,572 7,367 7,170 6;982 6,801 6,628 6,462 6,302 6,149 6,002 5,861 5,724
15 8,061 7,828 7,606 7,394 7,191 6,997a 6,811 6,633 6,462 6,299 6,142 5,992 5,847
16 8,313 8,062 7,824 7,596 7,379 7,172 6,974 6,785 6,604 6,431 6,265 6,106 5,954
17 8,543 8,276 8,022 7,779 7,549 7,329 7,119 6,920 6,729 6,547 6,373 6,207 6,048
18 8,756 8,471 8,201 7,945 7,702 7,470 7,250 7,040 6,840 6,649 6,467 6,294 6,1Z8
19 8,950 8,650 8,365 8,095 7,839 7,596 7,366 7,146 6,938 6,739 6,551 6,370 6,198
20 9,129 8,812 8,514 8,231 7,963 7,710a 7,469 7,241 7,025 6,819 6,623 6,437 6,259
25 9,823 9,438 9,077 8,739 8,422 8,123 7,843 7,579 7,330 7,095 6,873 6,663 6,464
30 10,274 9,835 9,427 9,047 8,868 8,364 8,055 7,766 7,496 7,242 7,003 6,778 6,566
35 10,567 10,087 9,644 9,234 8,855 8,503 8,175 7,870 7,586 7,320 7,070 6,836 6,617
40 10,757 10,247 9,779 9,348 8,951 8,587 8,244 7,928 7,634 7,361 7,105 6,866 6,642

aExample. Assumes a $10,000 after tax income at 11.5% interest rate and a 15-year term mortgage, the total
debt which can be supported is $69,970 ($6,997 x 10). At 11.5% interest rate and a 20-year term mortgage, the
total debt which can be supported is $77,100 ($7,710 x 10).