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UF FLAG IFAS PALMM



Budgeting costs and returns
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 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Budgeting costs and returns for Indian River citrus production
Budgeting costs and returns for for <sic> Indian river citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1998
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 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Indian River County   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Indian River County   ( lcsh )
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General Note: Title varies slightly: <1992-93>- Budgeting costs and returns for Indian River citrus production.
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgements
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Reference
        Page 11
    Addenda
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
Full Text

Ronald P. Muraro
John W. Hebb
Ed W. Stover


Economic Information
Report El 99-6


Budgeting Costs and Returns
for Indian River Citrus

Production, 1998-99


/ UNIVERSITY OF
, FLORIDA
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Food and Resource Economics Department
Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations
Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Gainesville, FL 32611


October 1999


100
F637fe
El
99-6
















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing seedless grapefruit in the Indian River area of Florida are
presented for the twentieth year. The format presented may be used by individual growers to budget costs
and returns, utilizing individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Indian River, budgeting, costs and returns, seedless grapefruit.

NOTE: The Indian River production area refers to the citrus producing counties on Florida's east coast
including Brevard, Indian River, Martin, Palm Beach, and St. Lucie counties.

The budgeted cost information presented herein is the most current available. The budget cost
items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used by growers--e.g.,
chemical mowing, different spray materials and rates of fertilization, microsprinkler irrigation,
more reset trees, etc. Thus the 1998-99 budget costs reflect reduced fertilizer for fresh market
grapefruit and lower fertilizer and pesticide materials costs and increased per acre yield due
to higher per acre tree densities.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom-managed operation based on a "net grove
acre" excluding non-productive areas not in grove and those not harvested for fresh market
grapefruit. Therefore, all equipment costs are based on the average custom rate costs
and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table 3 are representative for a
mature (10+ years old) Indian River white grapefruit grove, the grove care costs for a specific
grove site may differ depending upon the tree age, tree density and the grove practices
performed; e.g., spot herbicide for grass/brush regrowth under tree could add an additional
$16.17 per acre; "skirting trees" or pruning the lower branches could add $13.85 per acre or
extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza could substantially increase the tree replacement
and care costs; spray applications to control citrus leafminer and nematicide applications of
Temik or Nemacur could increase the total cultural costs per acre above the average costs
shown in the comparative budgets. Also, travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of the
citrus grove and distance from grove equipment barn.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of the Indian River
citrus production area who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.




i
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA LIBRARIES
















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing seedless grapefruit in the Indian River area of Florida are
presented for the twentieth year. The format presented may be used by individual growers to budget costs
and returns, utilizing individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Indian River, budgeting, costs and returns, seedless grapefruit.

NOTE: The Indian River production area refers to the citrus producing counties on Florida's east coast
including Brevard, Indian River, Martin, Palm Beach, and St. Lucie counties.

The budgeted cost information presented herein is the most current available. The budget cost
items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used by growers--e.g.,
chemical mowing, different spray materials and rates of fertilization, microsprinkler irrigation,
more reset trees, etc. Thus the 1998-99 budget costs reflect reduced fertilizer for fresh market
grapefruit and lower fertilizer and pesticide materials costs and increased per acre yield due
to higher per acre tree densities.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom-managed operation based on a "net grove
acre" excluding non-productive areas not in grove and those not harvested for fresh market
grapefruit. Therefore, all equipment costs are based on the average custom rate costs
and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table 3 are representative for a
mature (10+ years old) Indian River white grapefruit grove, the grove care costs for a specific
grove site may differ depending upon the tree age, tree density and the grove practices
performed; e.g., spot herbicide for grass/brush regrowth under tree could add an additional
$16.17 per acre; "skirting trees" or pruning the lower branches could add $13.85 per acre or
extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza could substantially increase the tree replacement
and care costs; spray applications to control citrus leafminer and nematicide applications of
Temik or Nemacur could increase the total cultural costs per acre above the average costs
shown in the comparative budgets. Also, travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of the
citrus grove and distance from grove equipment barn.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of the Indian River
citrus production area who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.




i
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA LIBRARIES















TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

ABSTRACT .................. ............................ ........... i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................... ...................... i

LIST OF TABLES ....................... .......... .......... .. ........ iii

INTRODUCTION ............................................... 1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION .......................................... 1

COSTS AND INPUTS .............. ................................. .......... 1

THE GROVE SITUATION ................. .................................... 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS ............................................. 4

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS ................................................... 5

REFERENCES .............................................................. 11

A D D EN D A .......................................... .......... 12


NOTE: The ADDENDA include a Listing of Grove Care Options for Indian River
Citrus Production for Both Round Oranges and Grapefruit; 1999 custom
rate summary report; cost of establishing a citrus grove; etc. Page 12 is a
list of the tables included in the ADDENDA.

















ii

















LIST OF TABLES


Table Page

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for an Indian River Florida
grapefruit grove, 1998-99 ................................. .......... 3

2 Calculation of normal production per acre, 1998-99 ......................... 4

3 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, white seedless grapefruit
grove producing for the fresh market, Indian River area, 1998-99 ................ 6

4 Estimated total delivered-in cost for Indian River White grapefruit grown for the
processed juice market under three cultural cost programs, 1998-99 .............. 7

5 Estimated F.O.B. cost for fresh market Indian River White grapefruit, 1998-99 ..... 8

6 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for
a mature, white seedless grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh fruit market in
the Indian River area, 1994-95--1998-99 ................................... 9

7 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 1999 dollars) for a mature, white seedless grapefruit grove producing
citrus for fresh fruit market in the Indian River area, 1994-95--1998-99 ........... 10










BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR INDIAN RIVER
CITRUS PRODUCTION, 1998-99


Ronald P. Muraro, John W. Hebb and Ed W. Stover


INTRODUCTION


Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions. Budget analysis can be used to
calculate potential profits from an operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation, and to
determine break-even prices. This report presents a budget constructed from current data and serves as a
format for growers to analyze costs and returns from their individual records.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom operators, input suppliers, growers, and
colleagues at both the Indian River Research and Education Center in Ft. Pierce and the Citrus Research
and Education Center in Lake Alfred and County Extension Citrus Agents in the Indian River production
region. The survey is conducted annually in February and March.


COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus growers as well as the average of
the data obtained from annual custom rate, chemical, and fertilizer surveys. Growers' costs are shown in
the ADDENDA, Table 1-A through 7-A. The custom rate costs are shown in Table 8-A and the various
chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in Table 9-A and 10-A in the ADDENDA. The budget costs
represent a custom-managed operation based on a"net grove acre" excluding non-productive areas.
Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the average custom-rate costs and a 10 percent
handling and supervision charge is added to the material cost.







RONALD P. MURARO is a Professor of Food and Resource Economics and Extension Farm
Management Economist stationed at the Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred. JOHN W.
HEBB is Extension Agent, Citrus in St. Lucie County, Ft. Pierce. ED W. STOVER is Extension
Horticulturist at the Indian River Research and Education Center, Ft. Pierce.









Although brand names are used in many of the tables in the ADDENDA, this does not imply
endorsement by the University of Florida. It is merely an attempt to depict typical production practices.
All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to insert data from a particular grove.
This will allow a comparison of the grower's costs with those presented.



THE GROVE SITUATION


Production practices for an Indian River grapefruit grove are shown in Table 1 with times during the
year when they would likely be performed. There are two benefits to developing such a table for an
individual grove. First, it shows what work is needed and when, so that operations can be planned well in
advance. Second, it can be helpful if an annual cash flow analysis is developed to plan financing. The
individual grower may benefit from developing a plan for a particular grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it difficult to define a "typical" grove.
Many combinations of practices and various tree variety combinations produce acceptable yields and
returns. Although the example represents a white seedless grapefruit grove, the cost and return data are
designed to be applicable to most grove situations. A grower, realtor, or land appraiser can substitute
individual grove costs and expected returns into the budget format and develop a budget for a particular
grove. A "your cost" column is appropriately provided for this purpose in subsequent tables.
In the following budget, above average management and cultural practices are assumed. Beyond this
general assumption, the following specifics are assumed.




1. A mature (10+ years old), low volume-irrigated grove;
2. Variety is white seedless on sour orange rootstock;
3. Tree loss is 3.5 percent annually;
4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls below
50 percent of expected yield;
5. Production is for fresh market;
6. Tree density is 91 trees per acre; and
7. Custom-caretaker is providing grove management.




As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will vary. The budget reflects the following
age distribution and yield for Indian River white seedless grapefruit:











Table I.-Schedule of production practices and budget items for an Indian River Florida grapefruit grove, 1998-99'

Month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Total revenue: 20% Final
deposit payment

Less: Pick & haul cost X

DOC advertisement tax X

Grove expenses:
Chemical Chemical
Mow X X Mow Mow X

Labor, general grove work, pull vines X X

Herbicide (sprayed strip estimated as 1/2 grove acre equivalent) X X X

Spray: Post bloom/nutritional X X

Summer oil/greasy spot X

Fall miticide X

Supplemental miticide X

Fertilizer 42# N/A 42# N/A 42# N/A Dolomite

Hedging and topping Hedge

Brush removal/chop brush Chop brush

Tree removal X

Young tree care X X X X X

Microjet irrigation (times/week) 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1

Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X

Grove taxes including water management X

Interest expense X

Annual principal payment on mortgage X

'This is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.










% of
grove Tree age and condition Boxes/tree
3.5% pulled and reset 0.0
3.5% 1 year old 0.0
3.5% 2 years old 0.0
3.5% 3 years old 1.0
3.5% 4 years old 1.7
38.5% 5-15 years old 5.5
3.5% producing 50% of expected yield 3.5
40.5% over 15 years 7.0


Calculation of normal production per acre is shown in Table 2. Note that the proportion-of-trees-by-
age column only adds to 89.5 percent since 10.5 percent of the trees are non-bearing.



Table 2.--Calculation of normal production per acre, 1998-99
Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes
Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. age' ae ---------- No.------

3 years 91 x 0.035 = 3.2 x 1.0 = 3.2
4 years 91 x 0.035 = 3.2 x 1.7 = 5.4
5-15 years 91 x 0.385 = 35.0 x 5.5 = 192.5
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 91 x 0.035 = 3.2 x 3.5 = 11.2
Over 15 years 91 x 0.405 = 36.7 x 7.0 = 256.9
Total boxes = 469.2

"Proportion adds up to 0.895 (89.5 percent) as 10.5 percent of the trees were non-bearing (pulled and
reset, 1 and 2 year old trees).

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS


The estimated budget costs and returns for the Indian River grove situation are shown in Table 3.
The budgeted costs represent one possible citrus production program and were selected from the costs
shown in the ADDENDA tables. The gross revenue estimates are based on the projected yields in Table
3 and estimated preliminary on-tree prices for the 1998-99 season. Historical on-tree prices for selected
Florida citrus varieties are shown in Table 14-A of the ADDENDA.








As shown in Table 3, the total revenue for fresh-market white seedless grapefruit is estimated to be
$1,421.07 per acre. Total specified costs are $970.55 and are comprised of grove care costs of $922.55,
plus management cost of $48.00. Return to land, trees, and ownership is $450.52 and represents net loss
above fixed costs. At 325 and 525 boxes per acre, respectively, the break-even price required to cover
grove care costs for seedless white grapefruit range from $2.84 to $1.76 per box on-tree and $1.30 to $1.07
per pounds solids delivered-in for eliminations.
Ad valorem taxes, and overhead and administrative costs (such as water drainage district taxes, crop
insurance, and other grower assessments) can add up to 12 percent of the total grove care costs. These costs
vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, variety of fruit, etc. and should be considered in
arriving at a net return to land, trees, and ownership (total return minus total costs). Harvest costs (pick,
roadside, and hauling costs) also add to the total fruit cost delivered to either a processing plant or fresh fruit
packinghouse. Also, average annual debt payment (principal and interest) may be as high as $460 per acre
($3,900 average debt per acre @ 10 percent interest amortized over 20 years) which would reduce total
available cash for grove expansion or other investment.
Estimated "delivered-in" costs are shown for fresh packed white grapefruit in Table 4. "Delivered-
in" costs include grove care costs (Table 3) plus harvesting, regulatory, and grower assessment costs. The
"delivered-in" cost is presented as a cost per acre, per box, per carton, and per pound solids. Three possible
budget cost scenarios are presented (Refer to Table 13-A): 1) Low Cost Processed Cultural Program; 2)
Reduced Cost Cultural Program; and 3) Typical/Historical Cultural Program. The first scenario represents
costs of a cultural program directed toward reducing the expenditures for fruit grown primarily for the
processed market. Scenario 2 represents a program using reduced inputs but with production directed at
the fresh market. And the third scenario represents typical costs of grove practices which have been
performed for citrus grown for the fresh fruit market. Modified herbicide and/or spray and fertilizer
programs account for the reduced costs. NOTE: Before modifying a grove management program to reduce
costs, an evaluation of the market program (processed or fresh), yield, and specific cultural problems
(nutrition, disease, etc.) for the specific grove site should be made. Also, in Table 5, the total estimated
F.O.B. cost for fresh packed white grapefruit is shown. The F.O.B. costs are presented for "fresh fruit
packout percentage rates" ranging from 50 percent to 100 percent.

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS

Annual budgets of costs and returns for mature, fresh, white seedless grapefruit in the Indian River
area have been developed and published the past four years. Estimated cost and return histories for 1994-95
through 1997-98 along with 1998-99, and a five-year average are presented in Table 6. The affects of over
planting following recent freezes on Florida's annual grapefruit supply has resulted in a fluctuating on-tree
price per box. Despite general reduction in operating costs, annual net return to land and trees has
decreased over the five-year period. To allow comparisons in current values, these same costs and returns,
adjusted to 1999 dollars, are presented in Table 7.










Table 3.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, white seedless grapefruit grove producing for the fresh market, Indian River area, 1998-99T

Item Description Amount Your cost
Dollars

I. Revenue 469 boxes @ $3.03b 1,421.07

II. Expenses'
Weed control
Mow middles 3 times per year 25.50
Chemical mow (Table 2-A, Option #9) 2 times per year 17.26
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 23.52
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Options #1, #6 & #7) 139.76 206.04
Spray program (Table 1-A, Options #1, #3, #5, #8 & #15) 305.56
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Option #2) 106.44
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Option #1) 11.16
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($250.00/hr. 9 A/hr.) + 2 yrs. 13.89
Remove brush from trees (S23.00/A + 2 yrs.) 11.50
Hedging ($234.00/hr. + 10 A/hr.)+ 1.5 yrs. 15.60
Removing/chop brush (S10.00/A+ 1.5 yrs.) 6.67
Raise skirts of trees (S13.85/A+ 2 yrs.) 6.93 54.59
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees (Table 12-A) 3 trees per acre 13.59
Prepare sites, repair mound, and plant resets Including 3 trees per acre 32.26
Supplemental fertilizer, sprout, etc. (Trees 1-3 years) Including application 27.12 72.97
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 7-A, Option #4) 131.93
Drainage ditch annual cost (Table 7-A, Option #5) 33.86 _
Total grove care expenses 922.55
IlI. Management $4.00 per acre per month 48.00
IV. Total specified costs' 970.55
V. Return (loss) to land, trees, and ownership 450.52
VI. Break-even price for total grove care expenses
Boxes per acre Boxes per acre
325 375 425 475 525 325 375 425 475 525

$ On-tree price per box S Delivered-in price per pound solids for eliminations'
2.84 2.46 2.17 1.94 1.76 1.30 1.22 1.16 1.11 1.07

*Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table 3 are representative for a mature Indian River white seedless grapefruit grove, the grove care costs for a specific grove site maydiffer depending upon the grove practices
performed; e.g. a Temik application would add $128.11 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza may double the tree replacement and care costs; travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of citrus grove and distance from grove
equipment barn etc.; truck watering of resets could add another $7.95 per acre (average 5 waterings). Also, material cost for brown citrus aphid control could add $10.22 per spray application.
bOn-tree price per box is preliminary, assumes average of all methods of sale (fresh and processed). Price assumes 65% of fruit harvested packed fresh.
'Assumes material custom applied, therefore, a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to material cost.
'Other methods to estimate a management cost--e.g, 5% of gross sales or 10% of total grove care costs-are used in the industry. Other methods will give a different return to land and trees than reported here.
'Other cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes and interest on grove investment. In addition to these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water drainage/district taxes, crop
insurance, and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and time of purchase or grove establishment.
'Assumes 47 pounds solids per box. $2.30 pick and haul cost per box (includes spot picking and fruit drenching plus D.O.C. $0.30 advertising tax), $0.55 per box handling through packighouse, and $045 per box delivery to processing
plant.







Table 4.--Estimated total delivered-in cost for Indian River White grapefruit grown for the fresh/processed market under three cultural cost programs, 1998-99

Represents a mature (10+ years old) Processed White Grapefruit Fresh Packed White Grapefruit Fresh Packed White Grapefruit
Indian River White Grapefruit Grove Low Cost Reduced Cost Typical/Historical
Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Program

$/Acre S/Box $/P.S. $/Acre $/Box $/Carton $/Acre $/Box S/Carton
Total Production/Cultural Costs $ 710.02 $1.514 $0.3221 $ 884.58 $1.886 $0.9430 $ 922.55 $1.967 $0.9835

Interest on Operating (Cultural) Costs 35.50 0.076 0.0161 44.23 0.094 0.0472 46.13 0.098 0.0492

Management Costs 48.00 0.102 0.0218 48.00 0.102 0.0512 48.00 0.102 0.0512

Taxes/Regulatory Costs:
Property Tax/Water Management Tax 44.80 0.096 0.0203 44.80 0.096 0.0478 44.80 0.096 0.0478
Water Drainage District Tax 60.00 0.128 0.0272 60.00 0.128 0.0640 60.00 0.128 0.0640
Fly Protocol Cost -- -- 44.70 0.095 0.0477 44.70 0.095 0.0477

Total Taxes/Regulatory Costs 104.80 0.223 0.0475 149.50 0.319 0.1594 149.50 0.319 0.1594

Total Direct Grower Costs $898.32 $1.915 $0.4075 $1,126.31 $2.402 $1.2008 $1,166.18 $2.487 $1.2433

Interest on Average Capital Investment Costs 389.85 0.831 $0.1769 389.85 0.831 0.4156 389.85 0.831 0.4156

Total Grower Costs $1,288.17 $2.747 $0.5844 $1,516.16 $3.233 $1.6164 $1,556.03 $3.318 $1.6589

Harvesting and Assessment Costs:
Pick/Spot Pick, Roadside and Haul 776.90 1.700 0.3617 845.45 1.850 0.9250 867.65 1.850 0.9250
Fruit Drenching (Fresh) -- -- 68.55 0.150 0.0750 70.35 0.150 0.0750
DOC Assessment 137.10 0.300 0.0638 137.10 0.300 0.1500 140.70 0.300 0.1500

Total Harvesting and Assessment Costs 914.00 2.000 0.4255 1,051.10 2.300 1.1500 1,078.70 2.300 1.1500

Total Delivered-In Cost $2.202.17 $4.747 $1.0099 $2,5.26 $5.533 $2.7664 $2634.73 $5.618 $2.8089

Two cartons per box Refer to cultural program shown Refer to cultural program shown on Refer to cultural program shown in
P.S. = Pound Solids on Table 13-A. Table 13-A. Table 3.
Yield: 469 boxes/acre @ 4.7 P.S. per box
91 trees per acre Only summer oil spray with oil, Assumes 100% packout Assumes 100% packout
copper, and Agri-Mek.









8


Table 5.-Estimated F.O.B. cost for fresh market Indian River White grapefruit, 1998-99

Percent Packout 50.00% Percent Packout 60.00% Percent Packout 70.00%
Box Yield Per Acre 469 Box Yield Per Acre 469 Box Yield Per Acre 469
Per Per Per
Packed Packed Packed
Per Acre Box Per Carton Per Acre Box Per Carton Per Acre Box Per Carton

Total Production/
Cultural Costs $ 922.55 $3.934 $1.9671 S 922.55 $3.278 $1.6392 S 922.55 $2.810 $1.4050

Interest on Operating
(Cultural) Costs 46.13 0.197 0.0984 46.13 0.164 0.0820 46.13 0.141 0.0703

Management 48.00 0.205 0.1023 48.00 0.171 0.0853 48.00 0.146 0.0731

Taxes/Regulatory 149.50 0.638 0.3188 149.50 0.531 0.2656 149.50 0.455 0.2277

Interest on Average
Capital Investment 389.85 1.662 0.8312 389.85 1.385 0.6927 389.85 1.187 0.5937

Harvesting (Pick/Spot
Pick, Haul, DOC Tax,
Etc.) 1 078.70 4.600 2.3000 1,078.70 3.833 1.9167 1,078.70 3.286 1.6429

Total Delivered-In Cost $2,634.73 $11.236 $5.6178 $2,634.73 $9.363 $4.6815 $2,634.73 $8.025 $4.0127

Packing &Selling(Export) 1,728.27 7.370 3.6850 2,073.92 7.370 3.6850 2,419.57 7.370 3.6850

Net Fresh Eliminations
Costs' -360.66 -1.538 -0.7690 -288.53 -1.025 -0.5127 -216.40 -0.659 -0.3296

Total F.O.B. Costs $4002.33 $17.068 $8.5338 $4,420,12 15.708 $7.8538 $4,8370 $14.736 $7.3681

Percent Packout 80.00% Percent Packout 90.00% Percent Packout 100.00%
Box Yield Per Acre 469 Box Yield Per Acre 469 Box Yield Per Acre 469
Per Per Per
Packed Packed Packed
Per Acre Box Per Carton Per Acre Box Per Carton Per Acre Box Per Carton

Total Production/
Cultural Costs $922.55 $2.459 $1.2294 $922.55 $2.186 $1.0928 $ 922.55 $1.967 $0.9835

Interest on Operating
(Cultural) Costs 46.13 0.123 0.0615 46.13 0.109 0.0546 46.13 0.098 0.0492

Management 48.00 0.128 0.0640 48.00 0.114 0.0569 48.00 0.102 0.0512

Taxes/Regulatory 149.50 0.398 0.1992 149.50 0.354 0.1771 149.50 0.319 0.1594

Interest on Average
Capital Investment 389.85 1.039 0.5195 389.85 0.924 0.4618 389.85 0.831 0.4156

Harvesting (Pick/Spot
Pick, Haul, DOC Tax,
Etc.) 1.078.70 2.875 1.4375 1,078.70 2.556 1.2778 1,078.70 2.300 1.1500

Total Delivered-In Cost $2,634.73 $7.022 $3.5111 $2,634.73 $6.242 $3.1210 $2,634.73 $5.618 $2.8089

Packing & Selling (Export) 2,765.22 7.370 3.6850 3,110.88 7.370 3.6850 3,456.53 7.370 3.6850

Net Fresh Eliminations
Costs' -144.26 -0.384 -0.1922 -72.13 -0.171 -0.0854 0.00 0.000 0.0000

Total F.O.B. Costs $5,255.69 $14.008 $7.0038 $5,673.47 13.441 $6.7205 $6.091.26 $12.988 $6.4939

"Net Eliminations Cost" equals the average yield of 4.70 pound solids per box times $0.54 per pound solids less packinghouse elimination charge and
cannery hauling charge of $1.00 per box.











Table 6.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a mature, white seedless grapefruit grove
producing citrus for fresh fruit market in the Indian River area, 1994-95--1998-99


On-tree Gross Total grove Total specified Net return to land,
Year price/box" Yield revenue care expenses costs trees, and ownership
------------------------------------------ Dollars -------------------------------------
1994-95 $2.93 446 1,306.78 990.30 1,038.30 268.48

1995-96 $2.59 446 1,155.14 1,003.85 1,051.85 103.29

1996-97 $1.52 457c 694.64 935.12 983.12 (288.48)

1997-98 $0.93 457" 425.01 926.17 974.17 (549.16)

1998-99 $3.03b 469c 1,421.07 922.55 970.55 450.52

5-yr. avg. $2.20 455 1,001.00 955.60 1,003.60 (2.60)

"On-tree prices for all sales methods as reported by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
bPreliminary estimate by authors at time of printing and is not a published price.
'Higher per acre yield is due to increased average tree density of white grapefruit groves in the Indian River production region.
dA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included.












Table 7.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns (adjusted to 1999 dollars) for a mature, white
seedless grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh fruit market in the Indian River area, 1994-95--1998-99


Adjusted
Inflation on-tree Gross Total specified Net return to land,
Year factor index" price/box Yield revenue costs trees, and ownership
---------------------------- Dollars -------..-------------

1994-95 101.1 $2.96 446 1,321.15 1,049.72 271.43

1995-96 98.7 $2.56 446 1,140.12 1,038.18 101.95

1996-97 98.8 $1.50 457 686.30 971.32 (285.02)

1997-98 101.4 $0.94 457 430.96 987.81 (556.85)

1998-99 100.0 $3.03 469 1,421.07 970.55 450.52

5-yr. avg. -- $2.20 455 1,000.39 1,003.52 (3.12)

"Producer price index for each year adjusted to 1999 prices (1999 = 100), with 1999 consumer price index estimated to be 126.1. Producer
price index for other years are: 1995 = 124.7; 1996 = 127.7; 1997 = 127.6; and 1998 = 124.4.

bA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included.
(Refer to Table 6.)


~--------~-------~----










REFERENCES


1. Citrus Summary 1998-99 (Preliminary Report). Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. Florida
Agricultural Statistics. September 1999.

2. Knapp, J. L. (Ed.). 1999 Florida Citrus Pest Management Guide. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP
43. Gainesville: Jan. 1999. 76 pp.

3. Muraro, Ronald P. "A Listing of Estimated Comparative Indian River Citrus Production Costs Per
Acre for 1998-99." Lake Alfred Citrus Research and Education Center (CREC) Report. Lake
Alfred, FL: June 1999.

4. "Cost for Establishing, Planting, and Maintaining a Citrus Grove through Four Years of
Age, South Florida Flatwoods Area." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: Nov. 1989.

5. "Estimated Cost of Planting and Maintaining a Reset Citrus Tree through Three Years of
Age." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: Nov. 1996.

6. "A Listing of 1999 Custom Rates Reported by Twenty-four Indian River and South Florida
Citrus Caretakers." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: June 1999.

7. Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Age. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8. Gainesville: 1960.

8. Tucker, D. P. H., A. K. Alva, L. K. Jackson, and T. A. Wheaton (Eds.). Nutrition of Florida Citrus
Trees. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP 169. Gainesville: 1995. 61 pp.







12

ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Options for Indian River Citrus Production for Both Round
Oranges and Grapefruit"

Page
Table 1-A. Spray options .. ............................................ 13
Post bloom spray ................................. ............ 13
Summer spray ................................................... 14
Fall spray .................................................. 16

Table 2-A. Herbicide options ................ .............................. 17

Table 3-A. Dry fertilizer options ............................................ 19

Table 4-A. Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application) ...... ...................... 20

Table 5-A. Nematicides options ............... ............................ 21

Table 6-A. Soil amendment options ......................................... 21

Table 7-A. Irrigation--annual cost per acre ................ ................... 22
D rip ........... ....................................... 22
Microsprinkler .................................................. 22
Drainage ditch annual costs ................ ...................... 22

Table 8-A. A listing of 1999 custom rates reported by twenty-three Indian River and South
Florida citrus caretakers ................ ................... ...... 23

Table 9-A. 1999 summary of average chemical price estimates ....................... 25

Table 10-A. 1999 summary of average fertilizer price estimates ....................... 27

Table 11-A. Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four
years of age, South Florida flatwoods area .. ........................... 29

Table 12-A. Estimated cost of planting and maintaining a reset citrus tree through three
years of age, 1996 ............. .................................. 30

Table 13-A. A listing of estimated comparative Indian River citrus production costs per
acre, 1998-99 ................. ......... .. ... ............. 31

Table 14-A. Historic prices for selected citrus varieties ............................. 32

Table 15-A. Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity ......... 33


Abbreviations for important chemicals are:
Cu = Copper Mg = Magnesium N = Nitrogen
Fe = Iron Mn = Manganese Zn = Zinc

"The costs in the ADDENDA represent a custom managed operation. Therefore, all equipment costs
are based upon the average custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added
to the material cost.










Table 1-A.-Spray options
POST BLOOM SPRAY


Spray Option #1


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Zn
Mn

Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)
Total per Application


Spray Option #2


Spray Option #3


Spray Option #4


Materials/Ineredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Zn, Mn, Nitrates
Carzol 92 SP

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Ethion
Cu (50% metallic)
Oil 97+%

Ground Application
(Curtec sprayer)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Dicofol 4EC
Cu (50% metallic)

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$21.90
3.95
3.40

24.15


$53.40


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs
I pt
1 lb
125 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$21.90
1.45
38.48
22.04


$83.87


Amount
/Acre

5pts
10 lbs
3 gals
25 GPA


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$23.55
14.60
6.72

18.75


$63.62


Amount
/Acre

6 pts
15 lbs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$33.84
21.90

28.49


$84.23


- -- --- -- --- -- -- -- -- --- -- - -- -- - --- --- --- --


- - --- ---- --- ---- ------ -- --- ---- ----











Table 1-A.-Spray options (cont'd.)
POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Option #5


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Oil 97+%
Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)
Total per Application


Spray Option #6






SUMMER SPRAY
Spray Option #7


Spray Option #8


Spray Option #9


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex WP
Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Oil 97+%
Cu (50% metallic)
Ethion 4EC
Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Cu (50% metallic)
Oil 97+%
Agri-Mek
Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Oil 97+%
Agri-Mek
Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
5 gals
250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$10.22
11.22
24.15


$45.57


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs
250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$32.62
24.15


$56.77


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
7 lbs
6 pts
500 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$11.20
10.22
28.26
34.32


$84.00


Amount
/Acre
7 lbs
5 gals
10 ozs
500 gals


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
10 gals
5 ozs
500 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$10.22
11.20
47.30
34.32

$103.04


Cost/Acre

$10.22
22.40
23.65
34.32


$90.59


_______ __---- ---------_~


- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- --- --- -- --- --


1____1_1__1_11_______------I---------I--










Table 1-A.-Spray options (cont'd.)
SUMMER SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Option #10


Spray Option #11


Spray Option #12
(Scale insects)


Materials/Ingredients

Enable
Oil 97+%
Agri-Mek
Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Oil 97+%
Zn
Mn
B
Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Lorsban 4EC
Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

8 oz
5 gals
5 oz
500 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$12.50
11.20
23.65
34.32


$81.67


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
5 gals
5 lbs
10 lbs
0.25 lbs
250 gals


Cost/Acre

$10.22
11.20
3.96
3.63
1.35
24.15


$54.51


Amount
/Acre

5 pts
500 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$31.70
34.32


$66.02


_11_____1_____________________I_________










Table 1-A.-Spray options (cont'd.)
FALL SPRAY


Spray Option #13


Spray Option #14


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 50WP
Thiolux 80 DF (sulfur)

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Dicofol 4EC

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Spray Option #15


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex WP

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs
15 lbs

250 gals


Amount
/Acre

6 pts

15 GPA


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs

15 GPA


Spray Option #16


Materials/Ingredients

Thiolux 80 DF (sulfur)

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$32.62
11.10

28.49


$72.21


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$33.84

7.31

$41.15


Cost/Acre

$32.62

7.31

$39.93


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs

15 GPA


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$11.10

7.31

$18.41


_ _____ -- --- -------- ----- ----- 1__-I--


-- ----- ------------- -- -------------------------------------I---


- ----- -- -- --- -------------- ----- ---- ----- --


--------------- ------------L-----------I-----------------










Table 2-A.-Herbicide options


Herbicide Option #1

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Option #2

(Strip/band)


Materials

Solicam 80DF
Karmex WP
Roundup Ultra
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Materials

Surflan A80 DF
Simazine 4L
Roundup Ultra
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

3 lbs
4 lbs
2 qts


Amount/
Treated Acre

2qts
4 qts
2 qts


Herbicide Option #3

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Option #4

(Strip/band)


Materials

Karmex WP
Roundup Ultra
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Materials

Solicam 80DF
Simazine 4L
Roundup Ultra
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

4 lbs
2 qts


Amount/
Treated Acre

4 lbs
4 qts
2 qts


"With respect to herbicide materials, Amount Per Grove Acre does not eaual Amount Per Treated Acre
shown on the label as only a strip or band is being treated. In this report, it is assumed that only 50% or
one-half of a grove acre is being treated.


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre0

$24.05
9.22
10.98
12.21


$56.46


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$17.82
7.48
10.98
12.21


$48.49


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$ 9.22
10.98
12.21


$32.41


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$32.06
7.48
10.98
12.21


$62.73


___ I______


- --- -- -- - -- --- -- --- -- -- --- --- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- -


- --- -- -- -- -- --- --- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- --- -- --- --- -- --- --










Table 2-A.--Herbicide options (cont'd.)


Herbicide Option #5

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Option #6

(Strip/band)


Materials

Roundup Ultra
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Materials

Krovar I
Roundup Ultra
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

4qts


Amount/
Treated Acre
5 lbs
2qts


Herbicide Option #7

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Option #8

(Strip/band)


Materials

Roundup Ultra
Princep (Caliber 90)
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Materials

Direx 4L
Solicam
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
4 lbs


Amount/
Treated Acre

3 qts
3 lbs
2 pts


Herbicide Option #9

(Chemical mow)


Materials

Roundup Ultra
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

1 pt


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$10.98
12.21


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


$23.19


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$29.70
10.98
12.21


$52.89


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre"
$10.98
7.22
12.21


$30.41


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre8

$8.10
24.05
2.01
12.21


$46.37


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$2.75
5.88


$ 8.63


_1_____ _- ------ ------ -- ------- --- ----__


- -- --- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- -- --- --


--- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- --


- -- ------- ---------- ---- -- -- -- -1-- -- -- II











Table 2-A.-Herbicide options (cont'd.)


Herbicide Option #10

(Chemical mow)


Herbicide Option #11

(Spot treatment for
grass/brush regrowth
under trees)


Materials

Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

1.5 pts


Amount/
Treated Acre

2qts


Table 3-A.-Dry fertilizer options

Analysis/Material
Option #1 Applied

(100 lbs N/Acre) 12-2-12-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Option #2

(125 lbs N/Acre)


Option #3

(162 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-2-12-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-2-12-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$4.12

5.88


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


$10.00


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$10.98

5.19


$16.17


Amount
/Acre

835 lbs

3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 67.64

22.20

$89.84


Amount
/Acre

1040 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1350 lbs

3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 84.24

22.20

$106.44


Cost/Acre

$109.35

22.20

$131.55


________ __


--- -- -- --- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- --- -- -- --- -- --


- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- -- -- --- --- --- --- --- --- --


- --- --------- --- -- ------- - --- --------- -


- ---- --- ------ ----- ---- -- --










Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer options (cont'd.)


Option #4

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Option #5

(204 lbs N/Acre)


Option #6

(225 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

15-2-15-2.4 MgO
Application
Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

17-4-17-2.4 MgO
Application
Total for 2 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

15-2-15-2.4 MgO
Application
Total for 3 Applications


Table 4-A.--Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application)
Analysis/Material
Option #1 Applied
(180 lbs N/Acre) 10-0-10
Double Boom Application
Total for 3 Applications


Amount
/Acre

1200 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre

1200 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre

1500 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs
3 times


Cost/Acre

$109.20
22.20
$131.40


Cost/Acre

$120.00
22.20
$142.20


Cost/Acre

$136.50
22.20
$158.70


Cost/Acre

$117.00
35.07
$152.07


Option #2

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Option #3

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-2-10
Double Boom Application
Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-0-10
Solicam 80DF
Karmex WP
Double Boom Application
Total for 3 Applications


*Treated acre (one herbicide application)


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs
3 lbs*
4 lbs*
3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$126.00
35.07
$161.07


Cost/Acre

$117.00
24.05
9.22
35.07
$185.34


--- - --- --- --- - --- -- --- --- -- --


- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


- --- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- --


--------------- ---- -- ----- ------------- --------- -------










Table 5-A.--Nematicides options
Analysis/Material
Option #1 Applied
Temik 15G

Application

Total per Application


Analysis/Material
Option #2 Applied

Nemacur 15G

Application

Total per Application



Table 6-A.-Soil amendment options


Option #1

(Every 3 years)


Option #2

(Every year)


Analysis/Material
Applied

Dolomite (Delivered)
Application

Total for 1 Application

(Average 1/3 Ton Applied/Yr)


Analysis/Material
Applied

Dolomite (Delivered)

Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

33 lbs

I time


Amount
/Acre

50 lbs

1 time


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$114.51

13.60

$128.11


Cost/Acre

$217.50

13.60

$231.10


Amount
/Acre

1 ton
1 time


Amount
/Acre

1000 lbs

I time


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$26.10
7.38

$33.48

$11.16


Cost/Acre

$13.05
7.38

$20.43


____ ------- ----------____


- -- -- -- --- --- --- -- --- --- --- -- --- --- --- -- --- --- --- -- --- --- --


__I_____________________________________











Table 7-A.--Irrigation--annual cost per acre


DRIP


Option #1

Operating (Electric)
$35.11

Maintenance of System 35.23

Total Cash Expenses $ 70.34

Fixed Depreciation Expense 42.35

Total Cash and Fixed Expenses $112.69


MICROSPRINKLER



Operating


Maintenance of System
Total Cash Expenses

Fixed Depreciation Expense

Total Cash and Fixed Expenses


Option #3

(Electric)
$ 39.91
39.26

$79.17

52.94

$132.11


DRAINAGE DITCH ANNUAL COSTS



Ditches/Canals Maintenance ($38.88/acre + 3 years)
Weed Control in Ditches/Canals
Water Control: In/Out of Ditches and Canals
Total


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Option #2

(Diesel)
$31.57
36.50

$ 68.07

45.25

$113.32


Option #4

(Diesel)
$ 33.59

41.78

$ 75.37

56.56

$131.93


Option #5

$12.96
11.62
9.28
$33.86


- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


- --- -- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- --











Table 8-A.-A listing of 1999 custom rates reported by twenty-four Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate' Comments

CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT:


Hand Labor
Mechanic Labor
Tractor/Equipment Operator (Driver)
Rotovate
Disc 7-8'
Disc 10'
Mow: Off-set or Side Mower
5-8'
5-8'
9-10'
9-10'
15-16'
V-Mower
Sickle Mower
Herbicide" (Strip/Band-Single Boom)
Herbicide" (Strip/Band-Single Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Double Boom)
Herbicide" (Chemical Mow)
Temik/Nemacur'
Plow
Backhoe
Vine Puller
Middle Buster
Mound Builder
Grader Blade
Bush Hog
Water Truck with Driver
Pickup Truck with Driver
Flatbed/Transport Truck with Driver
Tractor with Driver
ATV with Driver
SPRAYING:'


Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Acre
Hour
Acre
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Acre
Acre
Acre
Acre
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour


$ 8.50- $13.75
25.00- 40.00
14.00- 19.25
30.00- 36.00
25.00- 35.00
27.00- 35.00
29.00- 35.00
27.50- 32.00
8.00- 10.50
27.25- 35.00
8.00- 10.50
30.25- 41.00
30.00- 35.00
31.00- 35.00
26.50- 36.50
11.50- 15.00
11.50- 12.50
5.00- 7.00
12.50- 15.00
25.00- 35.00
35.00- 50.00

26.00- 35.00
31.50- 35.00
28.00- 35.00
30.00- 40.00
25.00- 35.00
22.50- 35.00
35.00- 55.00
25.00- 30.00
15.00- 25.00


$11.76 Plus transportation and equipment
32.60 Labor and service truck; Labor only $27.50/hr.
15.81
32.69
29.23 Average $10.00/acre
31.29
32.33 Average $8.50/acre
29.79 Average $9.25/acre
9.63
30.97 Average $9.50/acre
9.70
35.08 Average $8.50/acre
33.00 Average $9.00/acre
32.95
30.82 Plus materials
12.63 Plus materials
12.21 Plus materials; Average $38.38/hr.
5.88 Plus materials; Average $40.13/hr.
13.60 Plus materials
30.88
42.80
30.75
30.25 With tractor and driver
33.75 With tractor and driver
28.46 Tractor/blade and driver
33.65
29.34
27.50 Average miles traveled per year: Pick-up truck 32,200 miles
42.50 Avg. $1.25/mile; $100 per move Transport truck 18,450 miles
27.74
19.78 J.D. Gator @ $10.00/hour equipment only


Hand Sprayer Hour $ $ $42.50 Includes tractor, handgun sprayer and 2 workers
Curtc @ $28/acre @ 30 GPA; Curtec Sprayer: $18.75/acre @ 25 GPA; Spectrum Electrostatic Sprayer: $20.00/acre @ 25 GPA

AIR BLAST SPRAYER
Engine Driven PTO Powered


Acre 32.00- 36.00

Acre 26.00- 32.00

Acre 20.00- 25.00


500 GPA

250 GPA

125 GPA

100 GPA


Dilute
2X
3X
4X
6X


Aerial
Aerial
Aerial
Aerial
DUSTING:'

Ground Application

FERTILIZING:"


Inject Liquid Fertilizer
Liquid Boom Application:
Single Boom
Double Boom
Dry (Bulk)
Lime or Dolomite
Fertilize Young Trees:' Hand Spread
Fert. Spreader


34.32 28.00- 34.00 32.15 with "tree see": Eng. Dr. $36.00/Ac;
PTO $33.00/Avg.
28.49 21.50- 26.00 24.15 with "tree se": Eng. Dr. $26.00/Ac;
PTO $23.00/Avg.
22.04 18.00- 22.00 19.36 with "tree see": Eng. Dr./PTO
$21.00/Avg.


Acre 17.50- 19.00 18.18
ENGINE/PTO DRIVEN SPRAYERS
Tank 28.50- 36.00 31.53 500 gallon tank
Tank 36.00- 41.00 38.38 500 gallon tank
Tank 45.00- 64.00 57.35 500 gallon tank
Tank 60.00- 74.00 65.30 500 gallon tank
Tank 64.00- 82.00 75.97 500 gallon tank

Fixed Wing: $4.54/acre 0 5 gallons per acre Bell Helicopter: $7.50/acre @ 5 GPA
Fixed Wing: $5.84/acre @ 10 gallons per acre Bell Helicopter: $12.50/acre @ 10 GPA
Fixed Wing: $7.31/acre @ 15 gallons per acre Huie Helicopter: $15.00/acre @ 15 GPA
Fixed Wing: $8.75/acre @ 20 gallons per acre Huie Helicopter: $20.00/acre @ 20 GPA


Acre $ $- $ 7.25



Hour $ $ $34.50


Acre -
Acre 11.00- 12.50
Acre 6.00- 9.50
Acre 7.00- 8.25
Hour 8.50- 13.75
Hour 26.00- 32.75


7.00
11.69
7.40 Average $33.50/hour; average aerial $6.15/acre
7.33 Average $7.38/ton
11.76 Plus transportation; one reporting lOc/tree
29.45 And materials; average $6.43/acre


(OVER)













Table 8-A.-A listing of 1999 custom rates reported by twenty-four Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers (cont'd.)

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate' Comments

IRRIGATION:


Water Furrow/Ditch Mower
Water Furrow Disc
Water Furrow Cleaner
Water Furrow Shaper (Laser Control)
Rotary Ditcher or Auger
Water Trencher
Water Slinger
Caterpillar grader for furrow repairs
Microsprinkler/Drip Irrigation Maintenance
Microsprinkler

REMOVING TREES:

Front End Loader
Tree Shearing (Cutting Tree at Ground Level)
D3-C Wide Track

PRUNING:

General Pruning (RehablFreeze Damage)
Hedging:
Double Side (Tractor Pulled)
Single Side (Tractor Mounted)
Double Side (Self Propelled)
Self-Propelled Double Boom Hedger
Self-Propelled Double Boom Hedger & Topper
Topping:
Tractor Pulled
Tractor Pulled
Tractor Mounted
Double Sided Topper
Double Boom (Self Propelled)
Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer
Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer
Removing Brush:
Haul Brush out of Grove
Mow/Chop Brush

OTHER CUSTOM RATES:

Install Tree Wraps
Plant Trees (Solid Set)
Plant Trees (Resets)
Travel/Setup Charge
Grove Management Charge/Month:
Supervising Grove Care Operations
Handling Fruit Marketing
Supervising/Handling Chemicals/Fertilizer

Consulting
Consulting

Total Reported Acreage Provided Grove
Service to:


Hour
Hour
Acre/Month
$20/setting; $32/


$35.00- $45.00 $41.32
25.00- 36.00 31.89
27.50- 35.00 30.75 One reporting; 2C/foot (Single Bed)
65.00- 85.00 70.73 One reporting; 5C/foot (Single Bed)
27.25- 35.00 30.96
40.00
45.00
50.00
1.50- 4.50 2.98 Check & repair system; parts extra
hour (truck and driver) Start/stop and supervision


Hour $45.00- $55.00 $49.83 Avg. range 5-15 trees per hour
Hour 48.00- 52.00 49.93 Avg. range 5-20 trees per hour; one reporting $3/tree
Hour 55.00



Tree $ $ $3.50

Hour 75.00 6 to 10 acres/hour; $15/Acre
Hour 55.00- 60.00 56.67 4 to 8 acres/hour
Hour 200.00- 260.00 234.00 8 to 20 acres/hour depending on wood size; $18/acre
Hour 345.00 12 to 30 acres/hour-bed top only; 8 to 20 acres-bed top
Hour 250.00 Light cut \and furrow; depending on wood size

Hour 100.00 110.00 103.33 2-5 ac/hr depending on wood size; $30/acre "Gable Cut"
Hour 350.00 4 to 10 acres/hour roof top; 10 to 20 acres flattop cut from
Hour 175.00 \bed tops
Hour 250.00 Avg. 8-15 acres depending on wood size type of cut; $26/acre
Hour 550.00 4 to 10 acres/hour rooftop; 15 to 30 acres flatto.cut from
Acre 12.00- 17.00 13.85 3 to 5 acres/hr \bedtops
Hour 40.00- 60.00 48.83

Hour 45.00- 55.00 48.50 Front-end loader
Hour 27.25- 35.00 31.40 Average $10.00/acre



$0.07 $0.25 depending on type of wrap and number of trees
Tree $1.85- $ 1.50 $ 1.11 Varies as to density
Tree 1.50- 3.50 2.18 Varies as to the number of resets
Hour 26.40

Acre 3.00- 6.00 4.19 In addition to caretaking charges
$0.15-$0.20/box; $0.05/pound solids One reporting $5/acre/month for supervising and marketing
7% to 15% of materials cost; averaged 11%

$100 per hour for Horticultural Evaluation and/or Financial Analysis/prospectus.
$250/day for Cultural Management only


Acre 405- 8,000 2,536 Total acres reporting: 43,117


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, Lake Alfred CREC, June 1999.


"Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor and sprayer; supply truck included by most caretakers.

YCalculated by dividing the total number of caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all charges.









Table 9-A.--1999 summary of average chemical price estimates

Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (1998-99)


Fungicides: Aliette 80WP
Benlate
Basic Copper Sulfate (53%)
Copper (50%) (Kocide 101)
Copper (40%) (Kocide 606)
Carbamate 76WP
Nu-Cop 50DF
Oil 435 or 455
Ridomil 5G
Ridomil (Gold)
Trilogy 70 EC
Insecticides/Nematicides:
Admire
Agri-Mek (0.15EC)
Bacillus thuringienses
Carzol 92 SP
Comite 6.55 EC
Cygon 4 EC
Dicofol 4 EC
Ethion
Guthion 2L
Guthion 50WP
Kelthane MF
Logic Bait
Lorsban 4EC
Lorsban 15G
Malathion 5 E
Metasystox-R
Micromite 25WP
Microthiol 80DF
Nemacur 15G
Sevin 80S
Sevin XLR
Sulphur 6F
Sulphur Dust
Temik 15G
Thiolux 80 DF
Vendex 50W


lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
lb.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.


gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
ton
lb.
lb.
lb.


9.71
16.00
1.33
1.91
12.50
3.88
2.08
2.04
5.04
667.50
30.07


550.74
628.00
9.70
34.98
82.21
29.60
41.07
34.23
33.33
8.83
34.95
7.47
46.09
1.91
22.70
70.23
30.05
0.67
3.95
4.59
25.09
3.38
305.00
3.15
0.67
14.83









Table 9-A.--1999 summary of average chemical price estimates (cont'd.)
Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (1998-99)


Herbicides:


DeVine
Devrinol 50WP
Direx 4L
Direx 80 DF
Eptam 7-E
Fusilade DX
Goal
Gramoxone (Paraquat)
Hyvar X
Karmex
Krovar I
Princep (Caliber 90)
Princep 4L
Prowl
Rodeo (30 gal drum)
Roundup (30 gal drum)
Roundup Ultra
Simazine 90 DF
Simazine 4L
Solicam 80 DF
Surflan AS
Torpedo IE
Touchdown


75.00
7.84
19.62
4.12
30.48
123.75
95.25
35.72
17.23
4.19
10.80
3.28
14.30
26.45
88.24
36.80
39.90
3.05
13.62
14.57
64.83
56.04
54.96


45.35
78.84


0.70
0.31
0.72
14.64

28.50
30.58
7.75
7.62
17.00
17.00
17.50
7.25


Growth Regulators:
Pro-Gibb 3.91%
Tre-Hold

Other Spray Materials:
Borates (15%)
Manganese (32%)
Zinc (78%)
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Nutritional Spray Mix:
Goemar BM 86
Goemar MZ 63
Dyna Gold MZ
Dyna Gold MZF
KeyPlex 350
KeyPlex 250
KeyPlex 445
NZN


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University of
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, June 1999.









Table 10-A.--1999 summary of average fertilizer price estimates


Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (1998-99)


FERTILIZER (FOB Price @ Plant)

Slow Release (Young Tree)*
Osmocote: 18-4-12
Sulfur Coated/Polymer Coated Urea (42% N)


Dry Mix (Bulk)
17-0-17-3&
17-4-17-2.4
16-0-16
16-0-16-4
16-2-16-3,
15-2-15-2.4M
12-2-12-2.4
8-8-8 w/minors**
8-4-8 w/minors**
8-2-8 w/minors**
6-6-6 w/minors**

Liquid Mix (Bulk)
8-2-8
8-4-8
9-3-9
9-4-9
10-0-10
10-2-10
12-0-6
12-3-6


1,386.34

366.00


172.95
181.61
153.48
174.68
175.50
165.85
148.56
138.08
130.92
126.68
123.65



115.84
121.09
124.53
128.93
118.72
127.71
125.79
137.27


*Slow Release Elements are indicated in parenthesis.
**With organic nitrogen, the price averaged 25% higher.








Table 10-A.--1999 summary of average fertilizer price estimates (cont'd.)


Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (1998-99)

Other Fertilizer Materials (Bulk)
Ammonium Nitrate (21% N Liquid) ton 150.91
Ammonium Nitrate (33.5% N Dry) ton 191.96
Ammonium Sulfate (21% N) ton 112.44
Calcium Nitrate (19% Ca, 15.5% N) ton 214.30
Dolomite (at mine--49% CaCO3, 36% MgCO3) ton 12.35
High Cal Lime ton 6.40
Muriate of Potash (60% K20) ton 166.10
Potassium Nitrate (14% N; 46% K20) ton 358.84
Sul-Po-Mag (SPM--21.9% K20) ton 176.05
Super Phosphate (20% P20,) ton 157.99
Triple Superphosphate (48% P205) ton 209.95
Average Delivery Cost ton 12.51

Foliar Macronutrients
Dyna Zone 15-0-10 gal. 7.25
N-Sure 28-0-0 (72% SRN)*** gal. 5.50
K-Phos, 0-18-20
Di-Potassium Phosphate (DKP) gal
Trisert-KS 15-0-12-8 S (60% SRN) gal. 7.25
MKP (0-52-34) lb 0.65
Mono-Potassium Phosphate
Phos Might 0-22-20 gal. 25.00
Nutriphite 0-28-26 gal. 53.00


***SRN, Slow Release Nitrogen

SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University of
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, June 1999.









Table 1 l-A.--Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four years of age, South Florida flatwoods area
Cost Per Acre
Range Average
$ $
Land Cost:' Improved Pasture Land 1,700-2,500 2,050
Raw Land and Semi-improved Pasture 1,150-1,800 1,450
Land Preparation: Pasture and Light Palmettos 125- 275 195
(Clearing) Raw Land (heavy pines, palmettos) 350- 600 465
Leveling: With Laser 200- 350 275
Without Laser 100- 250 160
Bedding: 2-rows (short rows 1,350+ feet) 100- 195 130
Soil Amendments: Dolomite 1 ton 35
Super Phosphate, 400 lbs. 30
Canals, Ditches and Dikes 150- 260 195
Reservoirs and Roads 130- 180 155
Throw-out Pumps for Water Movement 45- 60 55
Culverts 65- 135 85
Middle Drop Drainage Pipes 45- 95 105
Drainage Tile 140- 160 150
Cover Crop 9- 16 12
Irrigation System: Microsprinkler with Well2 850-1,500 1,000
without Well 525-1,200 700
Drip with Well2 775-1,050 875
without Well 400- 825 560
Water Permits, Environmental Studies, and Engineering: Cost 40- 90 70
Time in Months 5- 12 8
Percent Land Utilization: Planted to Citrus 55%- 85% 71%
Ditches and Canals 5%- 10% 8%
Water Retention 10%- 30% 15%
Roads and Service Areas 3%- 15% 6%

South Florida
Year
1 2 3 4

Solidset Planted Trees' ------------- Cost Per Tree ----------------

Microsprinkler Irrigation and Ditch Maintenance $0.40 $0.50 $0.65 $0.85
Fertilize Tree 0.25 0.40 0.55 0.56
Supplemental Fertilization thru Irrigation 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.29
Spray 0.30 0.40 0.47 0.50
Insulated Tree Wrap (annual maintenance) 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.00
Sprouting (labor) 0.20 0.20 0.00 0.00
Cultivation/Mowing 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44
Herbicide 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54
Ridomil/Aliette 0.35 0.35 0.00 0.00
Miscellaneous 0.43 0.49 0.42 0.48
Total Cost Per Year $3.31 $3.77 $3.62 $3.66

Reset Trees (annual additional grove care costs) $2.13 $2.47 $1.84

Cost of Planting Trees4 Solidset = $5.00 Reset = $6.30

'Land cost will vary from one county to another as well as from one parcel to another.

'Irrigation costs include distribution system, power unit and well (where indicated.) The higher cost ranges reported also included a cost for fertigation
equipment
'The per tree costs shown are applicable for tree densities of 145 to 165 trees per acre. The per tree costs should be decreased for higher density plantings and
increased for lower density plantings; e.g., at 200 trees per acre decrease costs by 15%; at 115 trees per acre increase costs by 15%.
'Tree cost (bare root) = $3.25; stake, plant, and water tree = $1.25 (solidset) and $2.55 (resets); and uninsulated tree wrap = $0.50.

Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, November 1989.









Table 12-A.--Estimated cost of planting and maintaining a reset citrus tree through three years of age,
1996

Number of Resets/Replacement Trees Per Acre

1-2 3-5 6-10 11-25 26+
------------------ Cost Per Tree -----------


Year #1:
Tree Removal
Tree Cost (Container Tree)
Site Preparation"
Plant Tree and First Watering
Total Planting Cost


$
5.21
4.00
5.12
2.37
11.49


$
4.53
4.00
4.44
2.05
10.49


$
3.62
3.75
3.76
1.73
9.24


$
2.93
3.75
3.48
1.61
8.84


$
2.34
3.75
2.73
1.26
7.74


Supplemental Fertilization 4 Times
(Application & Materials)
Supplemental Spraying (Application & Materials)
Spot Herbicide (Application & Materials)
Tree Wrap (Corrugated)
Sprouting/Pruning
Miscellaneous
Supervision & Overhead
Total Tree Care Cost Year #1
Total Cost Year #1
Year #2:
Supplemental Fertilization 3 Times
(Application & Materials)
Supplemental Spraying (Application & Materials)
Spot Herbicide (Application & Materials)
Sprouting/Pruning
Miscellaneous
Supervision & Overhead
Total Cost Year #2
Year #3:
Supplemental Fertilization 3 Times
(Application & Materials)
Miscellaneous
Supervision & Overhead
Total Cost Year #3


Total Three-Year Cumulative Costs


1.26 1.10 1.01 0.92 0.84
0.45 0.39 0.36 0.33 0.30
0.21 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.13
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
0.38 0.38 0.35 0.35 0.32
0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
0.26 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.20
3.72 3.44 3.25 3.10 2.92
20.42 18.46 16.11 14.87 13.00


1.70
0.52
0.20
0.45
0.14
0.23
3.24


2.31
0.12
0.18
2.61


1.51
0.46
0.18
0.45
0.13
0.20
2.93


2.06
0.10
0.16
2.32


1.32
0.40
0.16
0.38
0.11
0.18
2.55


1.77
0.09
0.14
2.00


1.12
0.34
0.14
0.38
0.10
0.16
2.24


1.51
0.08
0.12
1.71


1.02
0.31
0.13
0.34
0.09
0.14
2.03


1.28
0.06
0.10
1.44


26.27 23.71 20.66 18.82 16.47


'Site preparation for bedded citrus grove; cost of root removal, rotovating/leveling tree planting site.
Fumigate planting site would cost approximately $2.50 per tree.

SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, November 1996.







Table 13-A.-A listing of estimated comparative Indian River citrus production costs per acre for 1998-99_
Low Cost Reduced Cost Typical/Historical
Costs represent a mature (10+ years old) Processed Fresh/Processed Fresh Fruit
Indian River Grapefruit Grove. Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Program

PRODUCTION/CULTURAL COSTS:Y
Weed Management/Control:
Mechanical Mow Middles (3 times per year) $ 25.50 $ 25.50 $ 25.50
Chemical Mow Middles (2 times per year) 17.26 17.26 17.26
General Grove Work (2 labor hours per acre) 23.52 23.52 23.52
Herbicide (1/2 tree acre treated):
Application (3 applications) $36.63 $36.63 $36.63
Material 77.08 103.13 103.13
Total Herbicide Cost 113.71 139.76 139.76
Spray:
Post Bloom: Application (PTO 250 GPA) 24.15 24.15
Material 29.25 29.25
Total Post Bloom Cost 53.40 53.40
Summer Oil #1: Application (PTO 250 GPA) 24.15 34.32 34.32
Material 47.35x 47.35 68.72
Total Summer Oil Cost 71.50 81.67 103.04
Summer Oil #2: Application (PTO -- 250 GPA) 24.15 24.15 24.15
Material 30.36 21.42 21.42
Total Supplemental Fall Miticide Cost 54.51 45.57 45.57
Fertilizer (Bulk): 3 Applications 22.20 22.20 22.20
Material (12-2-12-2.4 MgO @ 100 lbs N
per acre and 125 lbs N per acre) 84.24 67.64 84.24
Total Fertilizer Cost 106.44 89.84 106.44
Dolomite (one ton applied every 3 years)
Material/Application 11.16 11.16 11.16
Pruning: Topping ($27.78/A + 2 yrs)" 13.89 13.89 13.89
Remove Brush from Trees after Topping
($23.00/A+ 2 yrs)* 11.50 11.50 11.50
Hedging ($23.40/A 1.5 yrs)" 15.60 15.60 15.60
Chop/Mow Brush after Hedging
($10.00/A + 1.5 yrs)" 6.67 6.67 6.67
Raise Skirts of Trees ($13.85/A + 2 yrs)" -- 6.93 6.93
Total Pruning Cost 47.66 54.59 54.59
Tree Replacement 1 thru 3 years of age: (3 trees/acre)
Remove Trees: Pull, Stack & Bum 3 Trees with
Front-end Loader 13.59 13.59 13.59
Prepare Site and Plant Tree (includes 3 reset trees) 32.26 32.26 32.26
Supplemental Fertilizer, Tree Wraps Maintenance,
Sprout, etc. (Trees 1-3 years) 27.12 27.12 27.12
Total Tree Replacement Cost 72.97 72.97 72.97
Irrigation: Microsprinkler System' 131.93 131.93 131.93
Clean Ditches (Weed Control) 11.62 11.62 11.62
Ditch and Canal Maintenance 12.96 12.96 12.96
Water Control (Pump water in/out of Ditches
and Canals) 9.28 9.28 9.28
Total Irrigation Cost 165.79 165.79 165.79
IRRIGATED PROCESSED FRUIT PRODUCTION COSTS $710.02 $781.03
Supplemental Post Bloom Spray:
Application (Curtec @ 25 GPA) 18.75 18.75
Material 44.87 44.87
Total Supplemental Post Bloom Spray 63.62 63.62
Fall Miticide Spray: Aerial Application (15 GPA) 7.31 7.31
Material 32.62 32.62
Total Fall Miticide Spray 39.93 39.93
IRRIGATED FRESH FRUIT PRODUCTION COSTS $884.58 $922.55
The listed estimated comparative costs are for the example grove situation described in the Economic Information Report Series entitled: "Budgeting Costs
and Returns for Indian River Citrus Production" and may not represent your particular grove situation in Indian River.
SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, University of Florida-IFAS, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL, July 1999.









Table 14-A.-Historic prices' for selected citrus varieties
Variety
Early and Seedless grapefruit'
mid'-season Late season Temple All
Crop year oranges oranges oranges Tangerines Tangelos (white) (colored)


1961-62
1962-63
1963-64
1964-65
1965-66
1966-67
1967-68
1968-69
1969-70
1970-71

1971-72
1972-73
1973-74
1974-75
1975-76
1976-77
1977-78
1978-79
1979-80
1980-81
1981-82
1982-83
1983-84
1984-85
1985-86

1986-87
1987-88
1988-89
1989-90
1990-91

1991-92
1992-93
1993-94
1994-95
1995-96

1996-97
1997-98
1998-99'


$1.93
2.17
4.43
2.57
1.44
0.81
1.86
1.56
1.15
1.10

1.98
1.43
1.38
1.46
1.69
1.89
3.90
4.44
3.59
3.67
4.27
4.88
5.09
7.30
3.92

4.56
6.72
6.63
6.01
5.38

5.44
3.23
3.76
3.25
3.62

3.18
2.81
4.78


$1.81
3.50
4.45
2.28
1.79

1.08
2.28
1.83
1.13
1.91

2.11
1.71
1.59
1.82
1.88

2.63
4.40
4.95
3.89
4.63
4.29
5.41
6.72
6.88
3.97

6.02
8.73
8.41
6.53
6.58

6.65
3.88
4.61
4.41
5.57

4.07
4.88
5.71


$2.17
3.09
4.45
2.77
1.80
0.88
2.79
2.22
1.47
1.91
1.95
1.95
1.64
1.68
1.79
2.16
3.92
4.89
2.89
4.21
4.01
3.99
5.34
5.59
3.01

3.60
5.69
5.46
5.64
6.31

6.51
2.99
2.73
3.47
4.44

3.22
3.07
5.21


$2.04
3.02
3.18
2.68
2.14
1.06
4.29
2.55
2.23
1.88

2.97
2.37
2.82
3.05
3.02
3.29
4.79
4.99
4.25
5.45

6.23
7.57
5.93
15.91
12.69

10.92
12.99
12.64
15.28
17.10

18.00
13.75
9.83
11.98
12.59

7.99
8.49
12.30


$3.36
4.66
4.83
4.00
2.85
1.64
3.22
2.47
1.13
1.04
1.69
1.39
1.25
1.45
1.42
1.42
3.29
3.90
2.87
3.92
3.58
4.37
4.28
7.08
4.06

3.72
5.58
6.31
5.10
6.11

7.16
3.31
2.38
2.64
3.63

2.19
1.66
4.59


$0.68
1.29
2.24
1.51
1.39
0.73
2.05
0.98
1.72
1.89

2.27
2.06
1.58
1.55
1.29
1.49
1.47
2.21
3.12
3.46

1.92
1.51
2.08
3.02
3.56

4.45
5.35
4.33
5.21
4.59

6.46
2.22
3.23
2.58
2.14

1.12
0.93
2.01


$0.86
1.81
2.54
1.82
1.64

0.94
2.48
1.15
1.92
2.15

2.69
2.53
2.12
2.59
2.23
2.04
2.09
3.13
3.80
4.22
2.80
3.20
4.05
4.84
4.98

5.80
5.93
4.71
6.30
6.85

6.87
3.11
3.38
1.66
1.77

1.91
1.50
2.43


"On-tree average price per box (1-3/5 bushel box equivalent) for all methods of sale minus pick and haul charges.


"Navel and Hamlin
cParson Brown and Pineapple


dValencia
'Marsh (white) or pink


Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.


'Preliminary











Table 15-A.-Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity


Loan Interest rate paid on the loan
term
(years) 8.0% 8.5% 9.0% 9.5% 10.0% 10.5% 11.0% 11.5% 12.0% 12.5% 13.0% 13.5% 14.0% 14.5% 15.0%

1 926 922 917 913 909 905 901 897 893 889 885 881 877 873 870
2 1,783 1,771 1,759 1,747 1,754 1,724 1,713 1,701 1,690 1,679 1,668 1,657 1,647 1,636 1,626
3 2,577 2,554 2,531 2,509 2,487 2,465 2,444 2,423 2,402 2,381 2,361 2,341 2,322 2,302 2,283
4 3,312 3,276 3,240 3,204 3,170 3,136 3,102 3,070 3,037 3,006 2,974 2,944 2,914 2,884 2,855
5 3,993 3,941 3,890 3,840 3,791 3,743 3,696 3,650 3,605 3,561 3,517 3,475 3,433 3,392 3,352
6 4,623 4,554 4,486 4,420 4,355 4,292 4,230 4,170 4,111 4,054 3,998 3,942 3,889 3,836 3,784
7 5,206 5,119 5,033 4,950 4,868 4,789 4,712 4,640 4,564 4,492 4,423 4,355 4,288 4,224 4,160
8 5,747 5,639 5,535 5,433 5,335 5,239 5,146 5,056 4,968 4,882 4,799 4,718 4,639 4,562 4,487
9 6,247 6,119 5,995 5,875 5,759 5,646 5,537 5,431 5,328 5,228 5,132 5,038 4,946 4,858 4,772
10 6,710 6,561 6,418 6,279 6,145 6,015 5,889 5,768 5,650 5,536 5,426 5,319 5,216 5,116 5,019
11 7,139 6,969 6,805 6,647 6,495 6,348 6,207 6,070 5,938 5,810 5,687 5,568 5,453 5,341 5,234
12 7,536 7,345 7,161 6,984 6,814 6,650 6,492 6,341 6,194 6,054 5,918 5,787 5,660 5,538 5,421
13 7,904 7,691 7,487 7,291 7,103 6,923 6,750 6,583 6,424 6,270 6,122 5,979 5,842 5,710 5,583
14 8,244 8,010 7,786 7,572 7,367 7,170 6,982 6,801 6,628 6,462 6,302 6,149 6,002 5,861 5,724
15 8,559 8,304 8,061 7,828 7,606 7,394 7,191 6 997' 6,811 6,633 6,462 6,299 6,142 5,992 5,847
16 8,851 8,576 8,313 8,062 7,824 7,596 7,379 7,172 6,974 6,785 6,604 6,431 6,265 6,106 5,954
17 9,122 8,825 8,543 8,276 8,022 7,779 7,549 7,329 7,119 6,920 6,729 6,547 6,373 6,207 6,048
18 9,372 9,056 8,756 8,471 8,201 7,945 7,702 7,470 7,250 7,040 6,840 6,649 6,467 6,294 6,128
19 9,603 9,268 8,950 8,650 8,365 8,095 7,839 7,596 7,366 7,146 6,938 6,739 6,551 6,370 6,198
20 9,818 9,463 9,129 8,812 8,514 8,231 7,963 7 710' 7,469 7,241 7,025 6,819 6,623 6,437 6,259
25 10,675 10,234 9,823 9,438 9,077 8,739 8,422 8,123 7,843 7,579 7,330 7,095 6,873 6,663 6,464
30 11,258 10,747 10,274 9,835 9,427 9,047 8,868 8,364 8,055 7,766 7,496 7,242 7,003 6,778 6,566
35 11,655 11,088 10,567 10,087 9,644 9,234 8,855 8,503 8,175 7,870 7,586 7,320 7,070 6,836 6,617
40 11,925 11,315 10,757 10,247 9,779 9,348 8,951 8,587 8,244 7,928 7,634 7,361 7,105 6,866 6,642


'Example. Assumes a $10,000 after tax income at 11.5% interest rate and a 15-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $69,970
($6,997 x 10). At 11.5% interest rate and a 20-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $77,100 ($7,710 x 10).