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UF FLAG IFAS PALMM



Budgeting costs and returns
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026156/00016
 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Budgeting costs and returns for Indian River citrus production
Budgeting costs and returns for for <sic> Indian river citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1989
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Indian River County   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Indian River County   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
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General Note: Title varies slightly: <1992-93>- Budgeting costs and returns for Indian River citrus production.
General Note: Description based on: 1978-79; title from cover.
Funding: This collection includes items related to Florida’s environments, ecosystems, and species. It includes the subcollections of Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit project documents, the Sea Grant technical series, the Florida Geological Survey series, the Coastal Engineering Department series, the Howard T. Odum Center for Wetland technical reports, and other entities devoted to the study and preservation of Florida's natural resources.
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgements
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Reference
        Page 9
    Addenda
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
Full Text



p Ronald P. Muraro
Stephen H. Futch
John W. Hebb


Economic Information
Report 278


Budgeting Costs and Returns for Indian
River Citrus Production, 1989-90


i



Food & Resource Economics Department
Agricultural Experiment Stations and
Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville 32611


July 1990


_ ~Y1~I_













ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing seedless grapefruit in the
Indian River area of Florida are presented for the sixteenth consecutive
year. The format presented may be used by individual growers to budget
costs and returns, utilizing individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Indian River, budgeting, costs and returns,
seedless grapefruit.

NOTE: Indian River production area refers to the citrus producing
counties on Florida's east coast such as Brevard, Indian River,
Palm Beach and St. Lucie counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove
practices being used by growers--e.g., chemical mowing, different
spray materials, higher rates of fertilization, microsprinkler
irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs
shown may be higher than reported in previous reports.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom managed
operation. Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the
average custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling and super-
vision charge is added to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table
3 are representative for a mature Indian River white seedless
grapefruit grove, the grove care costs for a specific grove site
may differ depending upon the grove practices performed. For
example, a Temik application would add $134.65 per acre; water
control and maintenance of ditches and canals could average
$63.13 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza
could substantially increase the tree replacement and care costs;
travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of grove and
distance from grove equipment barn.

A severe freeze occurred throughout Florida's citrus producing
regions during December 1989. Limited tree damage and defoliation
occurred in the Indian River District. However, it is estimated
that approximately 10% of the grapefruit crop was lost.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final
draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production
managers of the Indian River citrus production area who provided sugges-
tions for the revision of this manuscript.













ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing seedless grapefruit in the
Indian River area of Florida are presented for the sixteenth consecutive
year. The format presented may be used by individual growers to budget
costs and returns, utilizing individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, Indian River, budgeting, costs and returns,
seedless grapefruit.

NOTE: Indian River production area refers to the citrus producing
counties on Florida's east coast such as Brevard, Indian River,
Palm Beach and St. Lucie counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove
practices being used by growers--e.g., chemical mowing, different
spray materials, higher rates of fertilization, microsprinkler
irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs
shown may be higher than reported in previous reports.

The budget costs in this report represent a custom managed
operation. Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the
average custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling and super-
vision charge is added to the material cost.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Table
3 are representative for a mature Indian River white seedless
grapefruit grove, the grove care costs for a specific grove site
may differ depending upon the grove practices performed. For
example, a Temik application would add $134.65 per acre; water
control and maintenance of ditches and canals could average
$63.13 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza
could substantially increase the tree replacement and care costs;
travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of grove and
distance from grove equipment barn.

A severe freeze occurred throughout Florida's citrus producing
regions during December 1989. Limited tree damage and defoliation
occurred in the Indian River District. However, it is estimated
that approximately 10% of the grapefruit crop was lost.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final
draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production
managers of the Indian River citrus production area who provided sugges-
tions for the revision of this manuscript.













TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

ABSTRACT. . . . . ... . ... i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. . . . . ... .... i

LIST OF TABLES. . . . . ... ..... iii

INTRODUCTION. . . . . ... ....... .1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION . . . . ... 1

COSTS AND INPUTS. . . . . ... .... .1

THE GROVE SITUATION . . . . ... .. 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS. . . . . . 4

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS. . . . . ... .. 6

REFERENCES. . . . . ... . .. 9

ADDENDA . . . ... . . .10































ii













LIST OF TABLES


Table Page

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for an
Indian River Florida grapefruit grove, 1989-90. . 3

2 Calculation of normal production per acre, 1989-90. 4

3 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature,
white seedless grapefruit grove producing for the fresh
market, Indian River area, 1989-90. . . 5

4 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year
average costs and returns for a mature, white seedless
grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh fruit
packing in Indian River area, 1985-86--1989-90. . 7

5 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year
average costs and returns (adjusted to 1990 dollars) for
a mature, white seedless grapefruit grove producing
citrus for fresh fruit packing in Indian River area,
1985-86--1989-90 . . . . . 8


I








BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR
INDIAN RIVER CITRUS PRODUCTION, 1989-90


Ronald P. Muraro, Stephen H. Futch and John W. Hebb


INTRODUCTION


Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions.
Budget analysis can be used to calculate potential profits from an
operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation, and to
determine break-even prices. This report presents a budget constructed
from current data and serves as a format for growers to analyze costs and
returns from their individual records.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom opera-
tors, input suppliers, growers, and colleagues at both the Agricultural
Research and Education Center in Ft. Pierce and the Citrus Research and
Education Center in Lake Alfred. The survey is conducted annually in
February and March.


COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus
growers as well as the average of the data obtained from annual custom
rate and chemical and fertilizer surveys. Grower costs are shown in the
ADDENDA, Tables 1-A through 8-A. The custom rate costs are shown in
Table 9-A and the various chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in
Table 10-A in the ADDENDA. The budget costs represent a custom managed
operation. Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the average


RONALD P. MURARO is associate professor of food and resource
economics and extension farm management economist. He is stationed at
the Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred. STEPHEN H. FUTCH
is county extension director in Indian River County, Vero Beach. JOHN
W. HEBB is extension agent in St. Lucie County, Ft. Pierce.









custom rate costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is
added to the material cost.
Although brand names are used in many of the tables in the ADDENDA,
this does not imply endorsement by the University of Florida. It is
merely an attempt to depict typical production practices.
All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to
insert data from a particular grove. This will allow a comparison of
the grower's costs with those presented.

THE GROVE SITUATION

Production practices for an Indian River grapefruit grove are shown
in Table 1 with times during the year when they would likely be performed.
There are two benefits to developing such a table for an individual grove.
First, it shows what work is needed and when, so that operations can be
planned well in advance. Second, it can be helpful if an annual cash flow
analysis is developed to plan financing. The individual grower may
benefit from developing such a plan for a particular grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it
difficult to define a "typical" grove. Many combinations of practices
and various tree combinations produce acceptable yields and returns.
Although the example represents a white seedless grapefruit grove, the
cost and return data are designed to be applicable to most grove
situations. A grower, realtor, or land appraiser can substitute
individual grove costs and expected returns into the budget format and
develop a budget for a particular grove. A "your cost" column is
appropriately provided for this purpose in subsequent tables.
In the following budget, above average management and cultural
practices are assumed. Beyond this general assumption, the following
specifics are assumed.

1. A mature, microsprinkler-irrigated grove;
2. Variety is white seedless on sour orange rootstock;
3. Tree loss is 3.5 percent annually;
4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls
below 50 percent of expected yield;
5. Production is for fresh use;
6. Tree density is 80 trees per acre; and
7. Custom-caretaker providing grove management.

















Table 1.--Schedule of production practices and budget items for an Indian River Florida grapefruit grove, 1989-90a


____ Month
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Total revenue: 20% Final
deposit payment___ __________________
Less: Pick & haul cost X
DOC advertisement tax X

Grove expenses:
Disc
Chop _Chemical Chemical
How __ X X Mow Mow X
Labor, general grove
work, pull vines X X
Herbicide (1/2 grove acre
equivalent) X X X
Spray: Post bloom/nutritional X X
Summer oil/greay spot___ ___ X
Fall miticide X
Supplemental miticide ___ X
Dust
Dust _____ _- _-------------------------------
Fertilizer 540 N/A 54# N/A 54# N/A Dolomite
Hedging and topping .d___ Hedge ---
Brush removal/chop brush Chop brush --
Tree removal X
Young tree care X X X X X
Mcrojet irrigation (times/week) 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1
Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X
Grove taxes including water management X
Interest expense X ---
Annual principal payment on mortgage X

aThis is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.









As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages willvary.
The budget reflects the following age distribution:


Situation

pulled and reset
1 year old
2 years old
3 years old
4 years old
5-15 years old
producing 50% of expected yield
over 15 years


Boxes/tree

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.7
4.5
3.5
7.0


Calculation of normal production per tree is shown in Table 2.
Note that the proportion of trees by age column only adds to 89.5
percent since 10.5 percent of the trees are non-bearing.


Table 2.--Calculation of normal production per acre, 1989-90

Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes

Total no. Proportion No. ea.
a
all ages ea. age age ------No.-----
3 years 80 x 0.035 = 2.8 x 1.0 = 2.80
4 years 80 x 0.035 = 2.8 x 1.7 = 4.76
5-15 years 80 x 0.385 = 30.8 x 4.5 = 138.60
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 80 x 0.035 = 2.8 x 3.5 = 9.80
Over 15 years 80 x 0.405 = 32.4 x 7.0 = 226.80
Total boxes = 382.76

proportion adds up to 0.895 (89.5 percent) as 10.5 percent of the
trees were non-bearing (pulled and reset, 1 and 2 year old trees).

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS


The estimated budget costs and returns for the Indian River grove
situation is shown in Table 3. The budgeted costs represent one possible
citrus production program and were selected from the costs shown in the


3.5%
3.5%
3.5%
3.5%
3.5%
38.5%
3.5%
40.5%











Table 3.--Etimated annual per acre coats and returns for a mature, white seedless grapefruit grove producing for the fresh market,
Indian River area, 1989-90


Item


Description


Amount


Your cost


I. Revenue 345 boxes 0 6.25b
II. Expensesc
Weed control
How middles 3 times per year
Chemical mow (2 times; Table 2-A, Program 06)
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre)
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Programs 01 & W7)
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs I1, #4, 010, #15 & 016)
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #1)
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Program #1)
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($280.00/hr. a 8.0 A/hr.) a 3
Remove brush from trees ($13.94/A a 3 yrs.)
Hedging ($200.00/hr. 4 8.0 A/hr.) 2
Removing/chop brush ($13.89/A 2 yrs.)
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees 3.0 trees per acre
Prepare sites, repair mound,
and plant resets Including 3.0 trees per acr
Supplemental fertilizer, sprout,
Ridomil/Allette, etc. Including application
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 8-A, Program #3)
Clean ditches (weed control)
Total grove care expenses
III. Management 5% of gross sales
IV. Total specified costs
V. Return to land, trees, and ownership
VI. Break-even price for total specified costs.
Boxes per acre

325 375 425 475 525


2.97


$ On-tree price per box
61 2.34 2.13


1.96


------------------Dollars----------------

2,156.25


yrs.

yrs.




e


27.13
25.18
17.92
123.36




11.67
4.65
12.50
6.95

15.44

33.81

23*33


193.59
308.96
121.03
10.02




35.77


72.58
109.37
8.71
863.03
107.81
970.81
1 ,185.<1


Boxes per acre

325 375 125 475 525

$ Delivered-in price per pound solids for eliminations
1.19 1.11 1.05 1.00 0.97


aAlthough the estimated annual per acre grove coats shown in Table 3 are representative for a mature Indian River white seedless
grapefruit grove, the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ depending upon the grove practices performed; e.g., a Temik
application would add $131.65 per acre; water control and maintenance of ditches and canals could average $63.13 per acre; extensive
tree loss due to blight or triateza would double the tree replacement and care costs; travel and set-up costs may vary due to size of
grove and distance from grove equipment barn; etc. Also, truck watering of resets could add another $11.59 per acre (average 5
waterings).
bOn-tree price per box is preliminary; assumes average of all methods of sale (fresh and processed). Price assumes 75% of fruit
harvested packed fresh. Normal expected yield was reduced by 10% due to December 1989 freeze.
CAssumes material custom applied; therefore, a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to material cost.
dOther methods to estimate a management cost--e.g., $2.50 to $5.00 per acre per month or 10i of total grove care coats--are used
in the industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and trees than reported here.
Other cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes, and interest on grove Investment. In addition to
these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water drainage/district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower
assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location,
and time of purchase or grove establishment.
Assumes I.5 pound solids per box, $1.55 pick and haul cost per box, $0.45 per box handling through packinghouse, and $0.40 per
box delivery to processing plant.


~--- ------I ----------------------


-~-----









ADDENDA tables. The gross revenue estimates are based on the projected
yields in Table 3 and estimated preliminary on-tree prices for the
1989-90 season. Historical on-tree prices for selected Florida citrus
varieties are shown in Table 12-A of the Addenda.
As shown in Table 3, the total revenue for fresh market white
seedless grapefruit is estimated to be $2,156.25 per acre. Total
specified costs are $970.84 and are comprised of grove care costs of
$863.03 plus management cost of $107.81. Return to land, trees, and
ownership is $1,185.41 and represents net return above fixed costs. The
break-even price for seedless white grapefruit ranged from $2.97 to $1.96
per box on-tree and $1.19 to $0.97 per pound solids delivered-in for
eliminations at 325 and 525 boxes per acre, respectively.
Ad valorem taxes, and overhead and administrative costs--such as
water drainage district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower
assessments can add up to 12 percent of the total grove care costs.
These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and time
of purchase or establishment. However, as a guideline, ad valorem taxes
in the Indian River citrus area average $40 to $50 per acre. These costs
should be considered in arriving at a net return to land, trees, and
ownership (total return minus costs). Also, average annual debt payment
(principal and interest) may be as high as $530 per acre ($4,500 average
debt per acre @ 10 percent interest amortized over 20 years) which would
reduce total available cash for grove expansion or other investment.

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS

Annual budgets of costs and returns for mature, fresh, white
seedless grapefruit in the Indian River area have been developed and
published the past four years. Estimated cost and return histories for
1985-86 through 1988-89 along with 1989-90, and a five-year average are
presented in Table 4. The affects of recent freezes on Florida's annual
grapefruit supply has resulted in a fluctuating on-tree price per box.
However, even with increasing operating costs, annual net return to land
and trees has increased over the five-year period. To allow comparisons
in current values, these same costs and returns, adjusted to 1990
dollars, are presented in Table 5.












Table 4.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
for a mature, white seedless grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh fruit
packing in Indian River area, 1985-86--1989-90


On-tree Total Net return to
price Gross specified land, trees,
Year /box Yield revenue costs and ownership


--------------------Dollars-----------------

1985-86 $3.66 383 1,401.78 760.67 641.11
1986-87 4.40 383 1,700.52 794.48 906.04
1987-88 5.63 383 2,156.29 864.34 1,291.95
1988-89 4.95 383 1,895.85 910.54 985.31
1989-90 6.25b 345c 2,156.25 970.84 1,185.41

5-yr. avg. 4.98 375 1,867.50 860.17 1,007.33


aon-tree prices for all sales methods as reported by the Florida Agricultural
Statistics Service.

Preliminary estimate by authors at time of printing and is not a published price.

CNormal exported yield was reduced 10% due to December 1989 freeze.

Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included. A
management cost of 5% of gross revenue is included.












Table 5.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 1990 dollars) for a mature, white seedless grapefruit grove producing
citrus for fresh fruit packing in Indian River area, 1985-86--1989-90


Inflation On-tree Total Net return to
factor price Gross specified land, trees,
Year index /box Yield revenue costs and ownership


------------------Dollars----------------

1985-86 119.3 $4.37 383 1,673.71 907.48 766.23
1986-87 115.1 5.06 383 1,937.98 914.45 1,023.53
1987-88 110.6 6.23 383 2,386.09 955.96 1,430.13
1988-89 105.5 5.22 383 1,999.26 960.62 1,038.64
1989-90 100.0 6.25 345 2,156.25 970.84 1,189.26

5-yr. avg. -- 5.43 375 2,036.25 941.87 1,094.38


aConsumer price index for each year adjusted to 1990 prices (1990 = 100), with 1990 consumer
price index estimated to be 391.7. Consumer price index for other years are: 1986 = 328.4; 1987
= 340.4, 1988 = 354.3 and 1989 = 371.3.









REFERENCES


1. Florida Citrus Spray Guide 1990. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP
43. Gainesville: Jan. 1990.

2. Koo, R. C. J., editor. Recommended Fertilizers and Nutritional
Sprays for Citrus. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 536D.
Gainesville: March 1984.

3. Muraro, Ronald P. "Comparative Indian River Citrus Budgets." Lake
Alfred Citrus Research and Education Center (CREC) Report. Lake
Alfred, FL: May 1990.

4. "Cost for Establishing, Planting and Maintaining a Citrus
Grove through Four Years of Age, South Florida Flatwoods Area."
Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: Nov. 1989.

5. "Summary Custom Rate Survey for Twenty Indian River and
South Florida Citrus Caretakers." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake
Alfred, FL: May 1990.

6. Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Age. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8.
Univ. of Fla., Gainesville. 1960.









ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Programs for Indian River Citrus
Production for Both Round Oranges and Grapefruit


Page


Table 1-A.


Spray programs . . .


Post bloom spray.
Summer spray. .
Fall spray .


Table 2-A.

Table 3-A.

Table 4-A.

Table 5-A.

Table 6-A.

Table 7-A.

Table 8-A.


Herbicide . . . * *

Dry fertilizer . . * *


Liquid fertilizer .


Fertigation . . . * *

Nematicides . . ...........

Soil amendment . . * *

Irrigation--annual cost per acre . . .


Drip . .
Microsprinkler .
Flood . . .
Volume gun (traveling).


Drainage ditch annual costs .


Table 9-A.


Table 10-A.


Table 11-A.



Table 12-A.

Table 13-A.


A listing of 1990 custom rates reported by twenty
Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. .

1990 summary of average chemical and fertilizer price
estimates . . .. .......... *

Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a
citrus grove through four years of age, South Florida
flatwoods area . . . . ..

Historic prices for selected citrus varieties .

Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual
payment capacity . . . ...


Cu = Copper
Fe = Iron
Mg = Magnesium


Mn = Manganese
Zn = Zinc


aThe costs in the ADDENDA represent a custom managed operation.
Therefore, all equipment costs are based upon the average custom rate
costs and a 10 percent handling and supervision charge is added to the
material cost.


f f


. . . . .


I i i i i








Table 1-A.--Spray programs


POST BLOOM SPRAY


Spray Progr


Spray Progr


Spray Progr


Materials/ Amount/
'am #1 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Ethion 4EC 5 pts $18.43
Cu 15 lbs 19.72
Zn 15 lbs 15.18
Mn 15 lbs 5.12
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 500 gals 36.00

Total per Application $97.27



Materials/ Amount/
'am #2 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Cu 15 lbs $19.72
Zn, Mn, Nitrates 1 pt 1.01
Kelthane MF 2.5 pts 13.50
Ground Application 125 gals 18.22

Total per Application $52.45



Materials/ Amount/
*am #3 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Dicofol 4E 5 pts $27.45
Cu 10 lbs 13.15
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 0.5 pt 1.41
Ground Application 250 gals 24.72


Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre













Your
Cost/Acre











Your
Cost/Acre


$66.73










Table 1-A.--POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)

Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #4 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Dicofol 4E 5 pts $27.45
Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates 1 pt 1.01
Cu 15 lbs 19.72
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 500 gals 36.00

Total per Application $87.00

----------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #5 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Vendex WP 1.25 lbs $24.06
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 500 gals 36.00

Total per Application $62.88

-------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #6 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Vendex 4L 2 pts $38.79
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 250 gals 24.72

Total per Application $66.33


SUMMER SPRAY

Spray Program #7


Materials/
Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Cu
Ethion 4EC
Ground Application


Amount/
Acre

5 gals
7 lbs
6 pts
250 gals


Total per Application


Cost/Acre

$ 9.63
9.86
22.12
24.72

$66.33


Your
Cost/Acre











Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre









Table 1-A.--SUMMER SPRAY (cont'd.)
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #8 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Oil 97+% 5 gals $ 9.63
Agri-Mek 10 ozs 41.58
Ground Application 500 gals 36.00

Total per Application $87.21

Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #9 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Oil 2.5 gals $ 4.81
Vendex 50WP 2 lbs 38.50
Cu 7 lbs 9.86
Ground Application 250 gals 24.72

Total per Application $77.89
---------------------*-------------*.-----meoee-----em-------
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #10 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Ethion 4EC 6 pts $22.12
Cu 7 lbs 9.86
Oil 5 gals 9.63
Ground Application 500 gals 36.00

Total per Application $77.61

Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #11 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

(Scale insects) Lorsban 4EC 7 pts $34.65
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 500 gals 36.00

Total per Application $73.47


Table 1-A.--FALL SPRAY
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #12 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Kelthane MF 6 pts $32.41
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application 250 gals 24.72

Total per Application $59.95
- - - - -- - -- -- --a


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre










Table 1-A.--FALL SPRAY (cont'd.)

Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #13 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Vendex 50WP 2 Ibs $38.50
Sulfur 25 lbs 4.68
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 0.5 pt 1.41
Ground Application 250 gals 24.72

Total per Application $69.31

----------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #14 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Kelthane MF 6 pts $32.41
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Aerial Application 15 GPA 5.81

Total per Application $41.04

----------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #15 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Sulfur (Dust) 60 lbs $11.22
Aerial Application 15 GPA 5.81

Total per Application $17.03

----------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #16 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Vendex 4L 1.25 pts $24.24
Aerial Application 15 GPA 5.81

Total per Application $30.05

----------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #17 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Vendex 4L 2 pts $38.79
Aerial Application 15 GPA 5.81

Total per Application $44.60


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre








Table 2-A.--Herbicide


Herbicide Program #1
(Strip/band)


Materials
Krovar II
Gramoxone


Amount/
Grove Acrea
6 lbs
1.5 pts


Cost/
Grove Acre
$61.97
8.07


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Ground Application
(2 times) 80 gals 21.00
Total for 2 Applications $91.04

Amount/ Cost/
Herbicide Program #2 Materials Grove Acrea Grove Acre
(Strip/band) Krovar II 6 lbs $61.97
Gramozone 5 pts 26.90
Ground Application
(2 times) 80 gals 21.00
Total for 2 Applications $109.87

Amount/ Cost/
Herbicide Program #3 Materials Grove Acrea Grove Acre
(Strip/band) Solicam 80DF 8 lbs $113.34
Simazine 90DF 4 lbs 13.29
Ground Application
(2 times) 80 gals 21.00
Total for 2 Applications $147.63

Amount/ Cost/
Herbicide Program #4 Materials Grove Acrea Grove Acre
(Strip/band) Round-up 2 qts $32.34
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.82
Ground Application
(1 time) 20 gals 10.50
Total for 1 Application $45.66

Amount/ Cost/
Herbicide Program #5 Materials Grove Acrea Grove Acre
(Strip/band) Krovar II 6 lbs $ 61.97
Round-up 1 pt 8.09
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 qt 5.64


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Ground Application
(3 times) 120 gals 31.50
Total for 3 Applications $107.20
--

aWith respect to herbicide materials, Amount Per Grove Acre does not equal
Amount Per Treated Acre shown on the label as only a strip or band is being
treated. In this report, it is assumed that only 50% or one-half of a grove acre
is being treated.


L










Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #6


Materials


Amount/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


(Strip/band)


Round-up
Princep (Caliber 90)
Adjuvant (Surfactant)


Ground Application
(1 time) 50 gals 10.50
Total for 1 Application $45.43
-------------------------------------------------------
Amount/ Cost/
Herbicide Program #7 Materials Grove Acrea Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


(Strip/band)


Round-up
Adjuvant (Surfactant)


Ground Application
(1 time) 10.50
Total for 1 Application $32.32
----------------------------------------------------------
Amount/ Cost/
Herbicide Program #8 Materials Grove Acre Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


(Chemical mow)


Round-up
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


- - - - - ------------"" " "
Amount/ Cost/
Herbicide Program #9 Materials Grove Acre Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


(Chemical mow)


Round-up
Adjuvant (Surfactant)


Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer


Program #1


(162 Ibs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-2-15-2.4 MgO


0.75 pt
0.25 pt


Amount/
Acre

1350 Ibs


$ 6.07
0.71


7.83
$13.90


Cost/Acre


$104.53


Application 3 times 19.50
Total for 3 Applications $124.03
-----------------------------------------------


1 qt
4 lbs
1 qt


$16.18
13.11
5.64


1 qt
1 qt


$16.18
5.64


0.5 pt
0.25 pt


$ 4.05
0.71


7.83
$12.59


Your
Cost/Acre









Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer (cont'd.)


Program #2

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-2-15-2.4 MgO


Application 3 times 19.50

Total for 3 Applications $134.79
-- -- -- -- -- -- - -- -- -- - -- -- -- -- -- -- --


Program #3

(204 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

17-4-17-2.4 MgO


Applications 2 times 13.00

Total for 2 Applications $124.17


Program #4

(225 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

15-2-15-2.4 MgO


Application 3 times 19.50

Total for 3 Applications $144.18


Program #5

(240 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

16-2-16-3 MgO


Application 3 times 19.50

Total for 3 Applications $150.23


Program #6

(272 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

17-0-17-3 MgO


Application 3 times 19.50

Total for 3 Applications $162.94


Amount/
Acre

1500 lbs


Cost/Acre

$115.29


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount/
Acre

1200 lbs


Cost/Acre

$111.17


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount/
Acre

1500 lbs


Cost/Acre

$124.68


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount/
Acre

1500 lbs


Cost/Acre

$130.73


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount/
Acre

1600 lbs


Cost/Acre

$143.44


Your
Cost/Acre










Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer (cont'd.)

Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #7 Applied Acre Cost/Acre

(Young Trees-- 8-4-8 with minors 475 Ibs $30.32
Solid Set)
Application 1 time 6.50

Total for 1 Application $36.82



Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #8 Applied Acre Cost/Acre

(Young Trees-- 8-4-8 with minors 302 lbs $19.07
Solid Set)
Application 1 time 6.50

Total for 1 Application $25.57


Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre









Table 4-A.-


Program #1
(180 lbs






Program #2
(180 lbs


Program #3
(180 lbs


*-Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application)

Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre
N/Acre) 12-0-12 1500 lbs $ 94.06
Double Boom Application 3 times 32.40
Total for 3 Applications $126.46
------------------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre
N/Acre) 12-4-12 1500 lbs $107.56
Double Boom Application 3 times 32.40
Total for 3 Applications $139.96
------------------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre
N/Acre) 12-0-12 1500 lbs $ 94.06
Krovar II 6 lbs 61.97
Double Boom Application 3 times 32.40
Total for 3 Applications $188.43


Table 5-A.--Fertigation


Program #1
(Supplement






Program #2
(Supplement






Program #3
(Exclusive)


Analysis/Material


Amount/


Applied Acre Cost/Acre
.al) 10-0-10 400 lbs $20.96
Application 3.89
Total $24.85
-------------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre
gal) 8-4-8 750 lbs $41.33
Application 4.90
Total per Application $46.23
-------------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre
8-0-8 2000 lbs $ 99.19
Application 13.67
Total per Application $112.86


Your
Cost/Acre






Your
Cost/Acre






Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre






Your
Cost/Acre






Your
Cost/Acre











Table 6-A.--Nematicides


Program #1










Program #2










Program #3


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

Temik 15 G 33 Ibs $120.15

Application 1 time 14.50

Total per Application $134.65

--------------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

Nemacur 15 G 67 lbs $210.78

Application 1 time 14.50

Total per Application $225.28

--------------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

Nemacur 15 G 50 Ibs $157.30

Application 1 time 14.50

Total per Application $171.80


Table 7-A.--Soil amendment

Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #1 Applied Acre Cost/Acre

(Every 3 years) Dolomite (Delivered) 1 ton $23.51
Application 1 time 6.56

Total per Application $30.07
(Average 1/3 Ton Applied/Yr) $10.02

-------------------------------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #2 Applied Acre Cost/Acre

(Every year) Dolomite (Delivered) 1000 Ibs $11.76
Application 1 time 6.56

Total per Application $18.32


Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre






21



Table 8-A.--Irrigation--annual cost per acre


DRIP


Program #1

Operating $54.56
(Electric)


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #2

$37.10
(Diesel)


Maintenance of System 34.61 39.80

Total Cost $89.17 $76.90

---------------------wom------------------------------------


MICROSPRINKLER


Program #3

Operating $ 68.21
(Electric)


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #4


$46.38
(Diesel)


Maintenance of System 41.16 47.34

Total Cost $109.37 $93.72


-----FLOOD --VOLUME GUN (TRAVELING)
FLOOD VOLUME GUN (TRAVELING)


Program #5

Operating $88.84


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #6

$204.23
(Diesel)


Maintenance of System 6.26 17.08

Total Cost $95.10 $221.31


DRAINAGE DITCH ANNUAL COSTS
DRAINAGE DITCH ANNUAL COSTS


Ditches/Canals Maintenance
Weed Control in Ditches/Canals
Water Control: In/Out of Ditches and Canals


Total


Program #7

$27.73
8.71
35.40

$71.84


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre













Table 9-A.--A listing or 1990 custom rates reported by twenty Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate Coments


CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT:
Hand Hoe/Hand Labor
Rotovate
Dise 7*
Disc 10'
How:
Ofr-set or Side Mower
5-8'
9-10'
15-16'
V-Mower
Slckle IMKer
Herbicide (Strip/Band--
Single too")
Herbicide (Strip/Band--
Single goom)
Herbicide (Strip/Band--
Double tooe)
Herbicide (Trunk-to-Trunk)
Herbicides (Chemical Now)
Herbicide (Chemical Now)
Herbicide Spoi Treatment
Temik/Nesacur
Plow
Backhoe
Vine Puller
Truck with Driver
Truck with Driver
Tractor with Driver
Power Saw with Operator
Power Saw w/out Operator
Bush Hog
Middle Buster
Hound Builder
Grader Blade

SPRAIING:z
Hand Sprayer
Air Curtain Sprayer
Boom Sprayer
Dilute, 500 gal. tank
22, 500 gal. tank
3X, 500 gal. tank
41, 500 gal. tank
6X, 500 gal. tank
1,000 CPA
500 CPA
250 GPA
200 CPA
125 GPA
Aerial
Aerial
Aerial
Aerial

DUSTING:z
Aerial Application


Hour $ 7.00-$ 10.25
Hour 25.00- 37.00
Hour 21.00- 30.00
Hour 21.50- 30.00

$27.50/Houri $9.0O/Are
Hour 21.50- 27.50
Hour 22.00- 30.00
Hour 25.00- 30.00
Hour 26.00- 30.00
Hour 23.75- 29.75


$ 8.96
26.81
21.62
25.75


24.08
25.29
27.13
28.00
26.10


Plus transportation; One reporting base wage rate plus 651

Averagso $8.50/aore




One reporting $9.35/asre (one way)
Average $6.75/aore (one way)


Hour 23.00- 35.00 28.10 Plus materials

Aore 10.00- 14.00 11.50 Plus materials


9.00-
9.00-
26.00-
6.00-

12.00-
22.00-
32.00-
22.00-
13.00-
17.00-
18.00-
12.00-
5.00-
25.00-
18.00-
21.00-
-


12.00
12.00
35.00
10.00

17.00
25.75
40.25
22.75
15.50
25.95
25.50
18.00
8.00
25.75
25.00
27.50


Hour $ $ -
Acre -
Tank --
Tank 15.00- 26.00
Tank 30.00- 45.00
Tank 35.00- 68.00
Tank 49.50- 65.00
Tank 60.00- 80.00
Aere 30.00- 56.00
Acre 30.00- 45.00
Acre 17.50- 31.00
Acre 19.80- 26.00
Acre 15.00- 20.00

Fixed Wing: $3.75/acre
Fixed Wing: $5.81/acre
Fixed Wing: $6.25/acre


10.80
10.50
30.92
7.63
27.50
14.50
23.19
36.66
22.38
14.38
23.00
21.83
15.05
6.33
25.38
21.50
21.85
15.00


$ 35.00
17.50
33.00
19.50
36.57
48.70
57.25
73 17
39.20
36.00
26.72
23.93
18.22
Helicopter:
Helicopter:

Helicopter:


Plus materials
Plus materials
Plus material
Plus materials
Plus materials
Plus materials



Pick-up truck

One reporting 4-VD tractor w/driver--$25.75/hour



With tractor and driver; Double V-diak--$35.00/hour
With tractor and driver
Equipment only


Includes tractor, handgun sprayer and two workers


One reporting $33.00/hour
Average $52.50/hour
PTO Air-driven Sprayor--l0/hourl One reporting $20.50/aore


$9.75/aore
$11.00/aore

$20.00/acre


( 5 gallons per acre
( 10 gallons per acre
0 15 gallons per acre
0 20 gallons per acre


$7.00/cre; 10.Od/lb. (50 lbs. per aore)


FERTILIZING:'
Liquid Boon Application:
Single Booe--Nitrogen
Double Boom:
Hix Pertilizer
Mix Fertilizer
and Herbicide
Dry (Bulk)
Dry (Bulk)
Dry (Bulk)
Lime or Dolomite
Line or Dolomite
Fertilize Young Trees:s
Hand Spread
Pert. Spreader
Inject Liquid Fertilizer


Hour $ -- --


$ 34.75


- -- 12.00


5.00-
15.00-
6.00-
5.00-


8.00
18.00
6.00
10.00


12.00
26.75
6.50
16.17
6.56
8.00


Hour 7.00- 10.25 8.96 Plus transportation; One reporting $27.00/hr for tractor &
Hour 21.75- 35.00 29.14 Plus materials; $7.50/acre \trailer and $10 per worker
Into Irrigation System: Average $25/hour for tractor, driver and fertilizer tank; Average $9.92/acre/sonth
(OVER)









Table 9-A.--A listing of 1990 custom rates reported by twenty Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers (cont'd.)


Range of Rate Averae
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate Comments


IRRIGATION:
Water Furrow Disc
Water Furrow Cleaner
Water Furrow Shaper
Rotary Ditcher or Auger
Water Sl3nger
Water Trencher
Water Truck
Ring Young Trees:
Hand Labor
10"-12" Portable Pump
3 or 4 Wheeler for
Microsprinkler

START AND SUPERVISE:
Microsprinkler/Drip System
MicrosprLnkler System
Hicrosprinkler Maintenance

REMOVING TREES:
Front End Loader
Tree Shearing (Cutting Tree
at Ground Level)
Bulldozer--D-3


$ 27.13
26.50
41.67
25.00
23.00
30.00
22.75


S 22.00-4 35.00
22.00- 35.00
35.00- 50.00
22.00- 28.00




7.00- 10.25
18.00- 23.75


Hour 13.00- 17.00 15.00


Acre/Month $ 9.00-$ 11.75 S 9.92
Hour 19.00- 23.00 21.00
Greenhouse*--2.50/aore/month plus parts


Equipment only


8.96 Plus transportation
21.25 Includes pump rate and set-up charge


Cheek system repair system; 3-4 wheeler and worker- parts
Truck and driver-.star/turn-off system \extra
Bluebaae--2.75/aere/month plus partti 81aokbase--$3.O7
\acre/month plus parts


Hour $ 35.00-A 45.00 $ 41.79 Average range 5 to 20 trees per hour

Hour 50.00- 60.00 55.00 Average range 5 to 30 trees per hour
Hour -- -- 5.00


PRUNING:
General Pruning (Per Man)
Hedging:
Single Side (Tractor Pulled)
Single Side (Tractor Mounted)
Double Side (Tractor Pulled)
Double Side (Self Propelled)
Double Side (Self Propelled)
Topping:
Tractor Pulled
Single Boom (Self Propelled)
Single Boom (Self Propelled)
Double Boom (Self Propelled)

Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt
Trimmer
Removing Brush:
Haul out of Grove
How Brush

COLD PROTECTION (YOUNG TREES):
Hand Labor
Hand Labor (Bank or Tree Wrap)
Tree Wraps (Labor)
Tree Wraps (Material)
Tree Wrap Annual Maintenance


Hour S 7.00-4 10.25


85.00-


90.00
..


75.00- 90.00
-- --
-- --


S 8.96 Plus transportation


70.00
70.00
66.67
200.00
280.00

83.75
180.00
260.00
280.00


Acre 15.00- 20.00 16.67
Hour 40.00- 50.00 45.00

Hour 37.00- 45.00 41.00
Hour 20.00- 28.00 24.35


Hour
Per Tree
Per Wrap
Per Wrap
Per Wrap


S 7.00-$ 10.25 $ 8.96
0.90
-- -- 0.25
0.85- 2.00 1.58
0.10- 0.20 0.15


4 to 8 acres/houri equipment only
3 to 5 acres/hour
4 to 15 acres/hour
8 to 20 sores/hour depending on wood size
15 to 25 acres/hour--double row beds; 8 to 12 acres--single
\row beds depending on wood size
1 to 4 mores/hour depending on wood siae
Average 8 to 10 acres/hour
I to 10 acres/hour depending on wood size; 10 to 20 acres
2 to 10 acres/hour depending \flattop cut from bed tops
\on wood size; 15 to 30 acres flattop cut from bed tops
3 to 12 acres/hour


Plus transportation and materials

For solid-aet plantings plus coat of tree wrap
Material charge for tree wrap


OTHER CUSTOM RATES:
Plant Trees (Solid-Set) Each $ 0.95-$ 1.25 $ 1.10
Plant Trees (Resets) Each 1.50- 2.50 1.97 Varies as to density
Skilled Labor Hour 15.00- 20.00 16.53
Mechanic Labor Hour 15.00- 20.00 17.00
Mechanic Labor Hour 29.75- 36.00 31.94 Labor and service truck
Grove Management Charge Acre 1.50- 6.00 3.19 In addition to caretakiLchargea; supervising grove care
Per Month Acre 4.00- 7.50 5.50 3upervising grove oare \prational varies by grove size
One reporting 15i/box (processed) and 25d/box (fresh) for handling and marketing fruit; \Oprations and marketing of fruit
Average 51 or net for handling and marketing fruit
Irrigation Management/
Maintenance Per Honth Acre 3.00
Consulting Hour -- 85.00
Other Charge Reported 105-15% supervision charge for ll materials and outside contracting
Total Acreage Provided
Grove Service to: Acre 700- 3,500 2.146 Total acres reporting: 27.893


ZPlus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor and sprayer; supply truck included by moet caretakers.

YCalculated by dividing the total number of caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sum of the rates reported.


Source: Ronald P. AMraro, Extension Farm Management Economist. Lake Alfred CREC, May 1990.











Table 10-A.--1990 summary o average chemical and fertilizer price estimates


Range of Price Average
Item Unit Reported Price


Fungicides: Aliette 80WP
Benlate
Copper
Koclde 101
011 (Soluble) 435
Oil (Soluble) 455
Ridoetl 2E
Ridomil 50
Insecticides/Nematicide:
Agri-e-k (0.15EC)
Carol
Comite
Cygon 400
Diazinon
Dioofol 4Mr
Ethion
Cushion 35W
Keltbane MF
Logic Bait
Lorsban lEC
Loraban 150
Malathion
Metasyatox-1
Nethyl Bromide 98/2
Morestan 25WP
Meauour 3EC
Neacur 150
Orthene (7.53)
Rotate
Sevin 805
Sulphur 6F
Sulphur Dust
Supracide
Telik 150
Vapas
Vendex 50W
Vendex 4L
Vorlex
Herbicides: DeVine
Diquat
Direx
Evik 80VP
Pusllade 2000 1E
Cramoxone (Paraquat)
Hyvar L
Hyvar I
Karnex
Krovar I
Krovar II
Princep (Caliber 90)
Princep RL
Roundup (2.5 gal.)
Roundup (30 gal.)
Simzine tL
Solloaa
Treflan
Growth Regulators:
Citrus Fix
Pro-Gibb 3.91%
Other Spray Haterials:
Adjuvant (Surractant)
Borates
Manganese
Nutralear (20-20-20)
Tre-Hold
Zinc


lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.


gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
ton
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.


$ 11.65-$ 12.54
14.55- 15.00
1.25- 1.29
1.77- 1.84
1.60- 1.84
1.66- 1.85
135.00- 141.90
3.45- 3.50



21.70- 25.90
63.00- 64.00
-- --

39.00- 40.81
25.95- 28.00

38.52- 40.81
6.25- 6.10
35.50- 36.85
1.70- 1.80

32.00- 33.50

10.50- 11.20
53.50- 55.95
2.83- 2.90
7.85- 8.00
1.80- 1.98
3.20- 3.15

330.00- 350.00
39.75- 42.15
3.28- 3.35


140.00- 1e4.98


70.00-

18.00-

95.00-
37.00-
47.50-

4.00-
7.60-
9.10-
2.75-
12.13-
60.00-
Woo-
11.75-
12.75-


70.50

22.00

101.20
42.00
48.68

4.25
7.85
10.01
3.00
13.50
64.00

13.50
13.15
--


220.50- 300.00
30.00- 35.00


19.30-
0.60-
0.28-


21.15
0.65
0.33


0.88- 0.98


(over)


$ 12.00
14.80
1.28
1.79
1.75
1.75
136.98
3.57


480.00
25.49
63.25
33.15
26.08
39.91
26.78
4.10
39.27
6.30
35.96
1.73
16.50
32.38
0.75
11.03
55.21
2.86
7.95
1.86
3.32
5.50
340.00
41.35
3.31
6.50
17.50
141.06
19.90
70.25
64.83
20.63
3.85
97.55
39.13
57.94
11.90
4.13
7.72
9.39
2.98
13.03
60.99
56.65
12.38
12.88
28.85


247.00
32.50


20.46
0.61
0.31
0.58
25.00
0.92






Table 10-A.--1990 summary or average chemical
(cont'd.)


and fertlllier price estimates


Range of Price Average
Item Unit Reported Price


FERTILIZER (FOB Price Plant)

Dry Mix

17-0-17-3Mg0
17-a-17-2. MH0
16-0-16
16-0-16-4tg0
16-2-16-3Mgo
15-2-15-2.4HsO
12-2-15-2.4 ao
8-8-8
8-8-8 w/minors
8-2-8
8-4-8 w/minors
8-2-8
8-2-8 w/minors
6-6-6 u/minors


Liquid Mix

12-3-6
12-0-6
10-2-10
10-0-10
9-4-9
9-3-9
8-2-8
8-2-8
8-0-8
6-0-12


Slow Release (Young Tree)

6-6-6 w/minors (25% Organic)
Osmocote
17-6-9 plus minors

Other Fertilizer Materials

Amonium Nitrate (215 Liquid)
Amonium Nitrate (Dry)
Amonlum Sulrate
Calcium Nitrate
Dolomite (at mine)
High Cal Lime (at mine)
Huriate of Potash
Super Phosphate
Triple Superphosphate

Average Delivery Cost


$147.70-$181.30
157.70- 185.10
129.60- 165.80
146.10- 179.80
1t .90- 178.70
140.00- 170.40
126.00- 158.20
95.80- 129.10
113.00- 133.80
89.90- 122.70
107.50- 127.40
87.00- 119.60
101.00- 132.00
95.50- 104.00


98.30-
86.30-
95.50-
87.50-
97.40-
93.-0-
91.40-
83.-0-
75.50-
76.70-


116.00
102.00
113.00
103.00
115.00
111.00
109.00
101.00
102.00
94.00


ton


50 lb. bag


49.95- 53.00


105.00-
140.00-
85.00-
153.05-
8.95-


130.00-
114.00-
120.00-


ton


109.00
185.00
92.00
207.00
14.55


165.00
165.10
183.47


6.50- 18.00


SOURCE: Ronald P. Huraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred.
Florida. May 1990.


$163.00
168.44
144.95
161.67
158.46
151.13
139.74
110.58
121.10
104.75
114.83
101.73
114.40
99.33



107.15
94.15
104.25
95.25
106.20
102.20
100.20
93.05
90.17
85.35



123.10


51.48



107.00
155.00
89.75
175.01
11.75
8.20
151.08
134.78
159.27


10.58


L










Table 11-A.--Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove
through four years of age, South Florida flatwoods area


Cost Per Acre
Range Average


Land Cost: Improved Pasture Land
Raw Land and Semi-improved Pasture
Land Preparation: Pasture and Light Palmettos
(Clearing) Raw Land (heavy pines, palmettos)
Leveling: With Laser
Without Laser
Bedding: 2-rows (short rows--1,350+ feet)
Soil Amendments: Dolomite 1 ton
Super Phosphate, 400 lbs.
Canals, Ditches and Dikes
Reservoirs and Roads
Throw-out Pumps for Water Movement
Culverts
Middle Drop Drainage Pipes
Drainage Tile
Cover Crop
Irrigation Systems: Microsprinkler--with Well2
--without Well
Drip--with Well2
--without Well
Water Permits, Environmental Studies,
and Engineering: Cost
Time in Months
Percent Land Utilization: Planted to Citrus
Ditches and Canals
Water Retention
Roads and Service Areas


$
1,700-2,500
1,150-1,800
125- 275
350- 600
200- 350
100- 250
100- 195


150- 260
130- 180
45- 60
65- 135
45- 95
140- 160
9- 16
850-1,500
525-1,200
775-1,050
400- 825


2,050
1,450
195
65
275
160
130
35
30
195
155
55
85
105
150
12
1,000
700
875
560


40- 90 70
5- 12 8
55%- 85% 71S
55- 10% 85
10%- 30% 151
31- 15% 6%


South Florida
Year
1 2 3 4


Solidset Planted Trees3

Microsprinkler Irrigation & Ditch Maintenance
Fertilize Tree
Supplemental Fertilization thru Irrigation
Spray
Insulated Tree Wrap (annual maintenance)
Sprouting (labor)
Cultivation/Mowing
Herbicide
Ridomil/Aliette
Miscellaneous
Total Cost Per Year

Reset Trees (annual additional grove care costs)


------Cost Per Tree------


$0.40
0.25
0.15
0.30
0.25
0.20
0.44
0.54
0.35
0.43
$3.31


$0.50
0.40
0.20
0.40
0.25
0.20
0.44
0.54
0.35
0.49
$3.77


$0.65 $0.85
0.55 0.56
0.25 0.29
0.47 0.50
0.25 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.44 0.44
0.54 0.54
0.00 0.00
0.42 0.48
$3.2 $3.-9


$2.13 $2.47 $1.84 --


Cost of Planting Trees


Solidset a $5.00


Reset a $6.30


1Land cost will vary from one county to another as well as from one parcel to
another.

2Irrigation costs include distribution system, power unit and well (where
indicated). The higher cost ranges reported also included a cost for fertigation
equipment.

3The per tree costs shown are applicable for tree densitites of 145 to 165 trees
per acre.

4Tree cost (bare root) = $3.25; stake, plant, and water tree x $1.25 (solidset)
and $2.55 (resets); and uninsulated tree wrap = $0.50.

Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL,
November, 1989.






Table 12-A.--Historic pricesa for selected citrus varieties

Variety
Crop Earlyb and mid-c Late season Temple Tan- Tan- Seedy e Seedless grapefruit
year season oranges oranges oranges gerines gelos grapefruit (white) (pink)

1958-59 $2.65 $3.12 $2.87 $1.62 $3.55 $0.83 $1.11 $1.44
1959-60 1.82 2.07 2.41 2.59 4.29 0.91 1.16 1.05
1960-61 2.86 3.08 3.43 1.51 4.91 0.84 1.05 0.99
1961-62 1.93 1.81 2.17 2.04 3.36 0.51 0.68 0.86
1962-63 2.17 3.50 3.09 3.02 4.66 0.74 1.29 1.81
1963-64 4.43 4.45 4.45 3.18 4.83 1.91 2.24 2.54
1964-65 2.57 2.28 2.77 2.68 4.00 1.13 1.51 1.82
1965-66 1.44 1.79 1.80 2.14 2.85 1.09 1.39 1.64
1966-67 0.81 1.08 0.88 1.06 1.64 0.60 0.73 0.94
1967-68 1.86 2.28 2.79 4.29 3.22 1.48 2.05 2.48
1968-69 1.56 1.83 2.22 2.55 2.47 0.81 0.98 1.15
1969-70 1.15 1.13 1.47 2.23 1.13 1.42 1.72 1.92
1970-71 1.10 1.91 1.91 1.88 1.04 1.68 1.89 2.15
1971-72 1.98 2.11 1.95 2.97 1.69 2.01 2.27 2.69
1972-73 1.43 1.71 1.95 2.37 1.39 1.63 2.06 2.53
1973-74 1.38 1.59 1.64 2.82 1.25 1.31 1.58 2.12
1974-75 1.46 1.82 1.68 3.05 1.45 0.87 1.55 2.59
1975-76 1.69 1.88 1.79 3.02 1.42 0.85 1.29 2.23
1976-77 1.89 2.63 2.16 3.29 1.42 1.20 1.49 2.04
1977-78 3.90 4.40 3.92 4.79 3.29 1.45 1.47 2.09
1978-79 4.44 4.95 4.89 4.99 3.90 1.84 2.21 3.13
1979-80 3.59 3.89 2.89 4.25 2.87 3.04 3.12 3.80
1980-81 3.67 4.63 4.21 5.45 3.92 2.92 3.46 4.22
1981-82 4.27 4.29 4.01 6.23 3.58 1.13 1.92 2.80
1982-83 4.88 5.41 -3.99 7.57 4.37 0.70 1.51 3.20
1983-84 5.09 6.72 5.34 5.93 4.28 2.01 2.08 4.05
1984-85 7.30 6.88 5.59 15.91 7.08 2.58 3.02 4.84
1985-86 3.92 3.97 3.01 12.69 4.06 3.27 3.56 4.98
1986-87 4.56 6.02 3.60 10.92 3.72 4.27 4.45 5.80
1987-88 6.72 8.73 5.69 12.99 5.58 4.99 5.35 5.93
1988-89g 6.55 8.40 4.44 12.25 5.85 3.68 4.42 4.76


an-tree average price per box (1-3/5 bushel
box equivalents) for all methods of sale
minus pick and haul charges.

Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.


bNavel and Hamlin
CParson Brown and Pineapple
dValencia


eDuncan
f
Marsh (white) or pink
gPreliminary









Table 13-A.--Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity

Loan Interest rate paid on the loan
term
(years) 9.0% 9.5% 10.0% 10.5% 11.0% 11.5% 12.0% 12.5% 13.0% 13.5% 14.0% 14.5% 15.0%


1 917 913 909 905 901 897 893 889 885 881 877 873 870
2 1,759 1,747 1,754 1,724 1,713 1,701 1,690 1,679 1,668 1,657 1,647 1,636 1,626
3 2,531 2,509 2,487 2,465 2,444 2,423 2,402 2,381 2,361 2,341 2,322 2,302 2,283
4 3,240 3,204 3,170 3,136 3,102 3,070 3,037 3,006 2,974 2,944 2,914 2,884 2,855
5 3,890 3,840 3,791 3,743 3,696 3,650 3,605 3,561 3,517 3,475 3,433 3,392 3,352
6 4,486 4,420 4,355 4,292 4,230 4,170 4,111 4,054 3,998 3,942 3,889 3,836 3,784
7 5,033 4,950 4,868 4,789 4,712 4,640 4,564 4,492 4,423 4,355 4,288 4,224 4,160
8 5,535 5,433 5,335 5,239 5,146 5,056 4,968 4,882 4,799 4,718 4,639 4,562 4,487
9 5,995 5,875 5,759 5,646 5,537 5,431 5,328 5,228 5,,132 5,038 4,946 4,858 4,772
10 6,418 6,279 6,145 6,015 5,889 5,768 5,650 5,536 5,426 5,319 5,216 5,116 5,019
11 6,805 6,647 6,495 6,348 6,207 6,070 5,938 5,810 5,687 5,568 5,453 5,341 5,234
12 7,161 6,984 6,814 6,650 6,492 6,341 6,194 6,054 5,918 5,787 5,660 5,538 5,421
13 7,487 7,291 7,103 6,923 6,750 6,583 6,424 6,270 6,122 5,979 5,842 5,710 5,583
14 7,786 7,572 7,367 7,170 6,982 6,801 6,628 6,462 6,302 6,149 6,002 5,861 5,724
15 8,061 7,828 7,606 7,394 7,191 6,997a 6,811 6,633 6,462 6,299 6,142 5,992 5,847
16 8,313 8,062 7,824 7,596 7,379 7,172 6,974 6,785 6,604 6,431 6,265 6,106 5,954
17 8,543 8,276 8,022 7,779 7,549 7,329 7,119 6,920 6,729 6,547 6,373 6,207 6,048
18 8,756 8,471 8,201 7,945 7,702 7,470 7,250 7,040 6,840 6,649 6,467 6,294 6,128
19 8,950 8,650 8,365 8,095 7,839 7,596 7,366 7,146 6,938 6,739 6,551 6,370 6,198
20 9,129 8,812 8,514 8,231 7,963 7,710a 7,469 7,241 7,025 6,819 6,623 6,437 6,259
25 9,823 9,438 9,077 8,739 8,422 8,123 7,843 7,579 7,330 7,095 6,873 6,663 6,464
30 10,274 9,835 9,427 9,047 8,868 8,364 8,055 7,766 7,496 7,242 7,003 6,778 6,566
35 10,567 10,087 9,644 9,234 8,855 8,503 8,175 7,870 7,586 7,320 7,070 6,836 6,617
40 10,757 10,247 9,779 9,348 8,951 8,587 8,244 7,928 7,634 7,361 7,105 6,866 6,642

Example. Assumes a $10,000 after tax income at 11.5% interest rate and a 15-year term mortgage, the total
debt which can be supported is $69,970 ($6,997 x 10). At 11.5% interest rate and a 20-year term mortgage, the
total debt which can be supported is $77,100 ($7,710 x 10).