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 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Acknowledgements
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Main
 Reference
 Addenda


FLAG IFAS PALMM UF



Budgeting costs and returns for Southwest Florida citrus production
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026155/00010
 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns for Southwest Florida citrus production
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Southwest Florida citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Muraro, R. P
Holcomb, Edgar D
University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food & Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1999
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Marketing -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Description based on: 1986-87; title from cover.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001596350
oclc - 21057551
notis - AHM0449
lccn - sn 91022495
System ID: UF00026155:00010

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgements
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Reference
        Page 17
    Addenda
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
Full Text





























































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ABSTRACT

Estimated costs and returns of growing processed-market round oranges and fresh-market seedless
grapefruit in the Southwest area of Florida are presented for the eighth consecutive year. The format
presented may be used by individual growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing individual data on
specific groves.

Key words: citrus, budgeting, costs, round oranges, seedless grapefruit and Southwest
Florida.

NOTE: Southwest Florida refers primarily to Charlotte, Collier, Glades, Hendry and Lee counties.
However, the costs shown are applicable to other South Central Florida counties such as
DeSoto, Okeechobee, and Sarasota counties.

The budgeted cost information presented herein is the most current available. The budget
cost items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used by growers--e.g.,
chemical mowing, different spray materials and rates of fertilization, microsprinkler
irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Thus, the 1999-00 budget costs reflect reduced fertilizer for
fresh market grapefruit and lower fertilizer and pesticide materials costs and increased per
acre yield due to higher per acre tree densities.

The budget costs in this report represent an owner-managed operation based on a "net
grove acre" excluding non-productive areas for the production of oranges for processing and
grapefruit for the fresh market. Therefore, the 10 percent handling and supervision charge
added to the material cost for a custom-managed operation is not included in the costs.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs listed are representative for a mature
citrus grove (10+ years old), the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ
depending upon the tree age, tree density and the grove practices performed; e.g., spot
herbicide for grass/brush regrowth under trees could add an additional $17.67 per acre;
Diaprepes control could add $69.54 per acre for soil biological control application and
$73.20 per acre for each foliar application; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza could
substantially increase the tree replacement and care costs; spray applications to control citrus
leafminer and nematicide applications such as Temik ($134.83/acre) could increase the total
cultural costs per acre above the average costs shown in the comparative budgets; travel and
set-up costs may vary due to size of the citrus grove and distance from grove equipment bar
and could add $26.25 per acre; etc.

NOTE: The costs ofthe mandatory decontamination requirements to help control the spread
of citrus canker which were implemented in March 2000 are not included in the
1999-00 budget costs. However, the costs of the decontamination requirements will
likely increase both the budgets costs and custom caretaker rates for the 2000-01
season.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of Southwest Florida
who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.


IMVERSITM Y OF FIAIU I.A
1













ABSTRACT

Estimated costs and returns of growing processed-market round oranges and fresh-market seedless
grapefruit in the Southwest area of Florida are presented for the eighth consecutive year. The format
presented may be used by individual growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing individual data on
specific groves.

Key words: citrus, budgeting, costs, round oranges, seedless grapefruit and Southwest
Florida.

NOTE: Southwest Florida refers primarily to Charlotte, Collier, Glades, Hendry and Lee counties.
However, the costs shown are applicable to other South Central Florida counties such as
DeSoto, Okeechobee, and Sarasota counties.

The budgeted cost information presented herein is the most current available. The budget
cost items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used by growers--e.g.,
chemical mowing, different spray materials and rates of fertilization, microsprinkler
irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Thus, the 1999-00 budget costs reflect reduced fertilizer for
fresh market grapefruit and lower fertilizer and pesticide materials costs and increased per
acre yield due to higher per acre tree densities.

The budget costs in this report represent an owner-managed operation based on a "net
grove acre" excluding non-productive areas for the production of oranges for processing and
grapefruit for the fresh market. Therefore, the 10 percent handling and supervision charge
added to the material cost for a custom-managed operation is not included in the costs.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs listed are representative for a mature
citrus grove (10+ years old), the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ
depending upon the tree age, tree density and the grove practices performed; e.g., spot
herbicide for grass/brush regrowth under trees could add an additional $17.67 per acre;
Diaprepes control could add $69.54 per acre for soil biological control application and
$73.20 per acre for each foliar application; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza could
substantially increase the tree replacement and care costs; spray applications to control citrus
leafminer and nematicide applications such as Temik ($134.83/acre) could increase the total
cultural costs per acre above the average costs shown in the comparative budgets; travel and
set-up costs may vary due to size of the citrus grove and distance from grove equipment bar
and could add $26.25 per acre; etc.

NOTE: The costs ofthe mandatory decontamination requirements to help control the spread
of citrus canker which were implemented in March 2000 are not included in the
1999-00 budget costs. However, the costs of the decontamination requirements will
likely increase both the budgets costs and custom caretaker rates for the 2000-01
season.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of Southwest Florida
who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.


IMVERSITM Y OF FIAIU I.A
1













TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

ABSTRACT .................................................................. i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .......................................................... i

LIST OF TABLES ............................................................. iii

INTRODUCTION .............................................................. 1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION ............................................ 1

COSTS AND INPUTS ........................................................... 1

THE GROVE SITUATION ..................................................... 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS .............................................. 6

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS ............................................. 7

REFERENCES ............................................................... 17

ADDENDA ............................................ ..................... 18


NOTE: The ADDENDA include a Listing ofGrove Care Programs for Southwest
Florida Citrus Production for Both Round Oranges and Grapefruit; 2000
custom rate summary report; cost of establishing a citrus grove; etc. Page
18 is a list of the tables included in the ADDENDA.

/













LIST OF TABLES


Table Page

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature,
round orange grove, 1999-00 ........................................... 3

2 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature,
red seedless grapefruit grove, 1999-00 ..................................... 4

3 Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for Hamlin oranges, 1999-00 5

4 Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for red seedless grapefruit,
1999-00 ................................ ........................... 6

5 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Hamlin orange grove
producing for the processed market, Southwest Florida area, 1999-00 ............ 8

6 Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Hamlin oranges grown for the
processed juice market under three cultural cost programs, 1999-00 ............. 9

7 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, red seedless grapefruit
grove producing for the fresh market, Southwest Florida area, 1999-00 ........... 10

8 Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Red grapefruit under three
cultural cost programs, 1999-00 ................. ................ ....... 11

9 Estimated F.O.B. cost for fresh market Southwest Florida Red grapefruit, 1999-00 12

10 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
for a mature, Hamlin orange grove producing citrus for processed market in the
Southwest Florida area, 1995-96--1999-00 ................... ............. 13

11 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 2000 dollars) for a mature, Hamlin orange grove producing citrus
for processed market in the Southwest Florida area, 1995-96--1999-00 ........... 14

12 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for
a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh fruit packing in the
Southwest Florida area, 1995-96--1999-00 ............................... 15

13 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 2000 dollars) for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove producing
citrus for fresh fruit packing in the Southwest Florida area, 1995-96--1999-00 ..... 16









BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR SOUTHWEST
FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTION, 1999-00

Ronald P. Muraro, Fritz M. Roka, and Robert E. Rouse

INTRODUCTION


Southwest Florida has become a major citrus production area. In 2000 citrus acreage in Southwest
Florida represented over 21.5% of total state citrus acreage. Acreage in Southwest Florida increased from
72,480 in 1986 to 179,948 in 1998 then decreased to 178,595 in 2000. Southwest Florida refers primarily
to Charlotte, Collier, Glades, Hendry and Lee counties. However, the costs shown are applicable to other
South Central Florida counties such as DeSoto, Okeechobee, and Sarasota counties.
Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions. Budget analysis can be used to
calculate potential profits from an operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation, and to
determine break-even prices. This report presents two budgets constructed from current data and provides
a format for growers to analyze costs and returns from their individual records.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom operators, input suppliers, growers,
and colleagues at both the Southwest Florida Research and Education Center and the Citrus Research and
Education Center in Lake Alfred. The survey is conducted annually in February and March.


COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus growers as well as the average
of the data obtained from annual custom rate, chemical, and fertilizer surveys. Grower costs are shown
in the ADDENDA, Table 1-A through 7-A. The custom rate costs are shown in Table 8-A and the
various chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in Tables 9-A and 10-A in the ADDENDA. Costs of
planting and maintaining reset trees through three years of age are shown in Table 12-A. Historic on-tree
prices for selected citrus varieties are shown in 15-A. Although brand names are used in many of the
tables in the ADDENDA, this does not imply endorsement by the University of Florida. It is merely an
attempt to depict typical production practices.




RONALD P. MURARO is a Professor of Food and Resource Economics and Extension Farm
Management Economist stationed at the Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred. FRITZ M.
ROKA is an Assistant Professor in Economics and ROBERT E. ROUSE is an Associate Professor of
Horticulture; both are stationed at the Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, Immokalee.









All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to insert data from a particular grove.
This will allow a comparison of the grower's costs with those presented.


THE GROVE SITUATION


Production practices for Southwest Florida orange and grapefruit groves are shown in Tables 1 and
2, respectively, with the times during the year when they are normally performed. There are two benefits
to developing such a table for an individual grove. First, it shows what work is needed and when, so that
operations can be planned well in advance. Second, it can be helpful if an annual cash flow analysis is
developed to plan financing. The individual grower may benefit from developing a plan for a particular
grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it difficult to define a "typical"
grove. Many combinations of practices and various tree variety combinations produce acceptable yields
and returns. Although the examples represent Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit groves, the cost
and return data are designed to be applicable to most grove situations. A grower, realtor, or land appraiser
can substitute individual grove costs and expected returns into the budget format and develop a budget
for a particular grove. A "your cost" column is appropriately provided for this purpose in subsequent
tables.
In the following budget, above average management and cultural practices are assumed. Beyond
this general assumption, the following specifics are assumed:


1. A mature (10+ years old), low volume irrigated grove;
2. Varieties are processed-market Hamlin oranges and fresh-market red seedless grapefruit;
3. Annual tree loss is 4 trees per acre for oranges and 3.5 trees per acre for grapefruit;
4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls below 50 percent of expected
yield;
5. Tree density is 145 trees per acre for oranges and 119 trees per acre for grapefruit.


As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will vary. The orange and grapefruit
budgets reflect the following age distribution:











Table 1.-Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature, round orange grove, 1999-00'

Month
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Total revenue:


Less:


20%
denosit


50%
Partial
navment


Final
payment


Pick & haul cost X
DOC advertisement tax X


Grove expenses:
Mow X X X X X
Labor, general grove work, pull vines X X
Herbicide (1/2 grove acre equivalent) X X X
Spray: Dormant
Post bloom/nutritional X
Supplemental miticide
Summer oil/greasy spot X
Fall miticide X
Fertilizer 68# N/A 68# N/A 68# N/A Dolomite
Hedging and topping Hedge
Brush removal/mow brush Mow brush
Tree removal X
Young tree care X X X X X
Microsprinkler irrigation (times/week) 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1
Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X
Grove taxes including water management X
Interest expense X
Annual principal payment on mortgage X
"This is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.










Table 2.-Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature, red seedless grapefruit grove, 1999-00"

Month
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Total revenue:


20%
deposit


Less: Pick & haul cost


Final
payment
X


DOC advertisement tax


DOC avertiementtax


Grove expenses:
Disc
Chop
Mow X X X X X
Labor, general grove work, pull vines X X
Herbicide (1/2 grove acre equivalent) X X X
Spray: Dormant
Post bloom/nutritional X
Supplemental miticide X
Summer oil/greasy spot X X
Fall miticide X
Fertilizer 50# N/A 50# N/A 50# N/A Dolomite

Hedging and topping Hedge
Brush removal/mow brush Mow brush
Tree removal X
Young tree care X X X X X
Microsprinkler irrigation (times/week) 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1
Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X
Grove taxes including water management X
Interest expense X
Annual principal payment on mortgage X
'This is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.


X


X






5

Hamlin Oranges
Situation Boxes/tree
3% pulled and reset 0.0
3% 1 year old 0.0
3% 2 years old 0.0
3% 3 years old 0.7
3% 4 years old 1.5
33% 5-15 years old 3.9
3% producing 50% of expected yield 2.2
49% over 15 years old 4.2
and
Red Seedless Grapefruit
Situation Boxes/tree
3% pulled and reset 0.0
3% 1 year old 0.0
3% 2 years old 0.0
3% 3 years old 1.0
3% 4 years old 1.7
33% 5-15 years old 4.0
3% producing 50% of expected yield 3.0
49% over 15 years old 6.5


Calculation of normal production per acre for Hamlin oranges and red seedless grapefruit are shown
in Tables 3 and 4, respectively.

Table 3.--Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for Hamlin oranges, 1999-00

Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes
Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. age a ---------- No ----------
3 years 145 x 0.03 = 4.4 x 0.7 = 3.1
4 years 145 x 0.03 = 4.4 x 1.5 = 6.6
5-15 years 145 x 0.33 = 47.9 x 3.9 = 186.8
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 145 x 0.03 = 4.4 x 2.2 = 9.7
Over 16 years 145 x 0.49 = 71.0 x 4.2 = 298.2

Total boxes = 504.4
"Proportion adds up to 91 percent as 9 percent of the trees were non-bearing (pulled and reset, 1
and 2 year old trees).









Table 4.--Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for red seedless grapefruit,
1999-00
Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes
Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. age" age -------- No. ------

3 years 119 x 0.03 = 3.6 x 1.0 = 3.6
4 years 119 x 0.03 = 3.6 x 1.7 = 6.1
5-15 years 119 x 0.33 = 39.2 x 4.0 = 156.8
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 119 x 0.03 = 3.6 x 3.0 = 10.8
Over 16 years 119 x 0.49 = 58.2 x 6.5 = 378.3
Total boxes = 555.6

"Proportion adds up to 91 percent as 9 percent of the trees were non-bearing (pulled and reset, 1
and 2 year old trees; see page 5).


BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS

The estimated budget costs and returns for the two Southwest Florida grove situations are shown in
Tables 5 and 7. The budgeted costs represent one possible citrus production program and were selected from
the costs shown in the ADDENDA tables. The costs presented in the budgets represent an owner-
managed citrus operation. The gross revenue estimates are based on the projected yields in Tables 3 and
4 and estimated preliminary on-tree prices for the 1999-00 season. Historical on-tree prices for selected
Florida citrus varieties are shown in Table 15-A of the ADDENDA.
As shown in Table 5, the total revenue for processed-market Hamlin oranges is estimated to be
$1,547.28 per acre. Total specified costs are $806.85 and are comprised of grove care costs of $758.85, plus
management cost of $48.00. Return to land and trees of $740.43 represents net return above variable costs.
At 350 and 550 boxes per acre, respectively, the break-even price required to cover grove care costs for
Hamlin oranges range from $2.17 to $1.38 per box on-tree and $0.68 to $0.55 per pounds solids delivered-in.
In Table 7, total revenue for fresh market red seedless grapefruit is estimated to be $2,136.75 per acre.
Total specified costs are $915.06, being comprised of grove care costs of $867.06, plus management cost
of$48.00. Return to land, trees, and ownership or net return above fixed costs is $1,221.69. At 350 and 550
boxes per acre, respectively, the break-even price required to cover grove care costs for seedless grapefruit
range from $2.48 to $1.58 per box on-tree and $1.24 to $1.05 per pound solids delivered-in for eliminations.








Ad valorem taxes, and overhead and administrative costs (such as water drainage district taxes, crop
insurance, and other grower assessments) can add up to 12 percent of the total grove care costs. These costs
vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, variety of fruit, etc. and should be considered in
arriving at a net return to land, trees, and ownership (total return minus total costs). Harvest costs (pick,
roadside, and hauling costs) also add to the total fruit cost delivered to either a processing plant or fresh fruit
packinghouse. Also, average annual debt payment (principal and interest) may be as high as $435 per acre
($3,700 average debt per acre @ 10 percent interest amortized over 20 years) which would reduce total
available cash for grove expansion or other investment.
An estimated "delivered-in" costs are shown for processed oranges in Table 6 and fresh packed red
grapefruit in Table 8. "Delivered-in" costs include grove care costs (Tables 5 and 6) plus harvesting,
regulatory, and grower assessment costs. The "delivered-in" costs are presented as a cost per acre, per box,
and per pound solids or per carton. Three possible budget cost scenarios are presented (Refer to Tables 13-A
and 14-A): 1) Low Cost Processed Cultural Program; 2) Reduced Cost Cultural Program; and 3) Typical/
Historical Cultural Program. Scenarios 1 and 2 represent costs of two possible cultural programs directed
toward reducing the expenditures for fruit grown primarily for the fresh/processed market. The third scenario
represents typical costs of grove practices which have been performed for citrus grown for the fresh fruit
market. Modified herbicide and/or spray and fertilizer programs account for the reduced costs. NOTE:
Before modifying a grove management program to reduce costs, an evaluation of the market program
(processed or fresh), yield, and specific cultural problems (nutrition, disease, etc.) for the specific grove site
should be made. Also, in Table 9, the total estimated F.O.B. cost for fresh packed Red grapefruit is shown.
The F.O.B. costs are presented for "fresh fruit packout percentage rates" ranging from 50 percent to 100
percent.


HISTORICAL COST TRENDS


Annual budgets of costs and returns for mature, processed Hamlin oranges and mature fresh-market
seedless grapefruit in the Southwest Florida area have been developed and published in each of the past five
years. Estimated cost and return histories for 1995-96 through 1998-99 along with 1999-00, and a five-year
average are presented in Tables 10 and 12. To allow comparisons in current values, these same costs and
returns, adjusted to 2000 dollars, are presented in Tables 11 and 13.








Table 5.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Hamlin orange grove producing for the processed market, Southwest Florida area, 1999-00'

Item Description Amount Your cost


504 boxes @ $3.07b


---------------- Dollars -------------

1,547.28


H. Expenses

Weed control
Mow middles
Chemical mow (Table 2-A, Program #10)
General grove work/sprouting
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Program #1, #6, & #8)
Spray program (Table I-A, Programs #13 & #14)
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #4)
Dolomite (Table 6-A, Program #1)
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping
Remove brush from trees
Hedging
Mow brush
Tree replacement and care (Table 12-A)
Remove trees
Prepare sites and plant resets
Supplemental fertilizer, sprout, etc. (Trees 1-3 years)
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 7-A, Program #4)
Drainage ditch annual costs (Table 7-A, Program #5)
Total grove care expenses

III. Management

IV. Total specified costs

V. Return to land, trees, and ownership

VI. Break-even price for total grove care expenses

Boxes per acre


3 times per year
2 times per year
(2 labor hours per acre)





($253.33/hr. + 8 A/hr.) + 2.5 yrs.
($23.71/A + 2.5 yrs.)
($234.00/hr. 8 A/hr.) + 2 yrs.
($10.00/A + 2 yrs.)
(1 through 3 years)
4 trees per acre
Including 4 trees per acre
Including application




$4.00 per acre per month'


24.00
15.86
24.42
124.07




12.67
9.48
14.63
5.00

19.92
43.44
35.56


188.35
118.39
130.86
10.75




41.78



98.92
134.55
35.25
758.85

48.00

806.85

740.43


Boxes per acre
350 400 450 500 550


2.17 1.90


S On-tree price per box
1.69


A 06


$ Delivered-in price per pound solids'
n ~l. A -


.......... .-- ..- u.o u., u.o u. Iu
'Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Tables 5 and 6 are representative for a mature Southwest Florida Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit grove, respectively, the grove care costs
for a specific grove site may differ depending upon the grove practices performed; e.g., a Temik application would add $123.60 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza could at least double, if not increase
more, the tree replacement and care costs; etc. Also, truck watering of resets could add another $8.31 per acre (average 5 waterings).
bFASS preliminary 1999-00 on-tree price per box; assumes price for processed oranges only.
'Other methods to estimate a management cost--e.g., 5% of gross sales or 10% of total grove care costs--are used in the industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and trees than reported
here.
"Other cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes and interest on grove investment. In addition to these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water drainage/district taxes,
crop insurance, and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and time of purchase or grove establishment.
'Assumes 6.1 pounds solids per box and $1.80 pick and haul cost per box and Department of Citrus advertising assessment of $0.18 per box.


I. Revenue









Table 6.--Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Hamlin oranges grown for the processed market under three cultural cost programs, 1999-00

Represents a mature (10+ years old) Southwest Processed Hamlin Oranges Processed Hamlin Oranges Processed Hamlin Oranges
Florida Orange Grove Low Cost Reduced Cost Typical/Historical High Cost
Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Program
$/Acre $/Box $/P.S. $/Acre $/Box $/P.S. $/Acre $/Box $/P.S.
Total Production/Cultural Costs $ 707.65 $1.404 $0.2302 $ 758.85 $1.506 $0.2468 $ 798.77 $1.585 $0.2598

Interest on Operating (Cultural) Costs 35.38 0.070 0.0115 37.94 0.075 0.0123 39.94 0.079 0.0123

Management Costs 48.00 0.095 0.0156 48.00 0.095 0.0156 48.00 0.095 0.0156

Taxes/Regulatory Costs:
Property Tax and Water Management
District Tax 61.00 0.121 0.0198 61.00 0.121 0.0198 61.00 0.121 0.0198

Total Direct Grower Costs $ 852.03 $1.691 $0.2771 $905.79 $1.797 $0.2945 $947.71 $1.880 $0.3075

Interest on Average Capital Investment Costs 367.85 0.730 $0.1196 367.85 0.730 0.1196 367.85 0.730 0.1196

Total Grower Costs $1,219.88 $2.420 $0.3967 $1,273.64 $2.527 $0.4141 $1,315.56 $2.610 $0.4271

Harvesting and Assessment Costs:
Pick/Spot Pick, Roadside and Haul 907.20 1.800 0.2951 907.20 1.800 0.2951 907.20 1.800 0.2951
DOC Assessment 90.72 0.180 0.0295 90.72 0.180 0.0295 90.72 0.180 0.0295

Total Harvesting and Assessment Costs 997.92 1.980 0.3246 997.92 1.980 0.3246 997.92 1.980 0.3246

Total Delivered-In Cost $217.80 $4.400 $.7213 271.56 $4.507 $0.7387 $2,313.48 $4.590 $0.7517


P.S. = Pound Solids Refer to cultural program shown Refer to cultural program shown in Refer to cultural program shown
Yield: 504 boxes/acre @ 6.1 P.S. per box on Table 13-A. Table 5. on Table 13-A.
145 trees per acre
Only summer spray with oil,
copper, and Agri-Mek.








Table 7.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove producing for the fresh market, Southwest Florida area, 1999-00'

Item Description Amount Your cost
------------------ Dollars --------- ----------
I. Revenue 555 boxes @ $3.85b 2,136.75

II. Expenses
Weed control
Mow middles 3 times per year 24.00
Chemical mow (Table 2-A, Program #10) 2 times per year 15.86
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 24.42
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Program #1, #6, & #8) 124.07 188.35
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs #1, #6, #13, #15, & #19) 269.90
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #2) 104.66
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Program #1) 10.75
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($253.33/hr. + 8 A/hr.) 2.5 yrs. 12.67
Remove brush from trees ($23.71/A + 2.5 yrs.) 9.48
Hedging ($234.00/hr. + 8 A/hr.) + 2 yrs. 14.63
Raise skirts of trees ($15.25/A + 2 yrs.) 7.63
Removing/chop brush ($10.00/A + 2 yrs.) 5.00 49.41
Tree replacement and care (Table 12-A) (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees 3 trees per acre 14.94
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 3 trees per acre 32.58
Supplemental fertilizer, etc. (Trees 1-3 years) Including application 26.67 74.19
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 7-A, Program #4) 134.55
Drainage ditch annual costs (Table 7-A, Program #5) 35.25
Total grove care expenses 867.06
III. Management 48.00
IV. Total specified costs 915.06
V. Return to land, trees, and ownership 1.221.69
VI. Break-even price for total grove care expenses

Boxes per acre Boxes per acre
350 400 450 500 550 350 400 450 500 550

$ On-tree price per box $ Delivered-in price per pound solids for eliminations'
2.48 2.17 1.93 1.73 1.58 1.24 1.17 1.12 1.08 1.05

'Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Tables 5 and 6 are representative for a mature Southwest Florida Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit grove, respectively, the grove care costs
for a specific grove site may differ depending upon the grove practices performed; e.g., a Temik application would add 123.60 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza could at least double, if not increase
more, the tree replacement and care costs; etc. Also, truck watering of resets could add another $8.31 per acre (average 5 waterings).
bFASS 1999-00 preliminary on-tree price per box; assumes average of all methods of sale (fresh and processed).
'Other methods to estimate a management cost-e.g., 5% of gross sales or 10% of total grove care costs-are used in the industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and trees than reported
here.
"Other cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes and interest on grove investment. In addition to these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water drainage/district taxes,
crop insurance, and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and time of purchase or grove establishment.
'Assumes 4.7 pounds solids per box and $2.33 pick and haul cost per box (includes spot picking and fruit drenching plus D.O.C. $0.325 advertising tax), $0.55 per box handling through packinghouse, and $0.45
per box delivery to processing plant.







Table 8.--Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Red grapefruit grown for the fresh/processed market under three cultural cost programs,
1999-00
Represents a mature (10+ years old) Processed Red Grapefruit Fresh Packed Red Grapefruit Fresh Packed Red Grapefruit
Southwest Florida Red Grapefruit Grove Low Cost Reduced Cost Typical/Historical
Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Program
$/Acre $/Box $/P.S. $/Acre $/Box $/Carton $/Acre $/Box $/Carton
Total Production/Cultural Costs $ 682.92 $1.230 $0.2618 $ 818.95 $1.476 $0.7378 $867.06 $1.562 $0.7811

Interest on Operating (Cultural) Costs 34.15 0.062 0.0131 40.95 0.074 0.0369 43.35 0.078 0.0391

Management Costs 48.00 0.086 0.0184 48.00 0.086 0.0432 48.00 0.086 0.0432

Taxes/Regulatory Costs:
Property Tax and Water Management
District Tax 48.80 0.088 0.0187 48.80 0.088 0.0440 48.80 0.088 0.0440
Fly Protocol Cost -- -- 44.70 0.081 0.0403 44.70 0.081 0.0403

Total Taxes/Regulatory Costs 48.80 0.088 0.0187 93.50 0.168 0.0842 93.50 0.168 0.0842

Total Direct Grower Costs $ 813.87 $1.466 $0.3120 $1,001.40 $1.804 $0.9022 $1,051.91 $1.895 $0.9477

Interest on Average Capital Investment Costs 367.85 0.805 $0.1713 367.85 0.663 0.3314 367.85 0.663 0.3314

Total Grower Costs $1,181.72 $2.271 $0.4833 $1,369.25 $2.467 $1.2336 $1,419.76 $2.558 $1.2791

Harvesting and Assessment Costs:
Pick/Spot Pick, Roadside and Haul 943.50 1.700 0.3617 1,026.75 1.850 0.9250 1,026.75 1.850 0.9250
Fruit Drenching (Fresh) -- 83.25 0.150 0.0750 83.25 0.150 0.0750
DOC Assessment 166.50 0.300 0.0638 166.50 0.300 0.1500 166.50 0.300 0.1500

Total Harvesting and Assessment Costs 1,110.00 2.000 0.4255 1,276.50 2.300 1.1500 1,276.50 2.300 1.1500

Total Delivered-In Cost $2 29 72 $4.271 45. $4.767 $2.6 696.26 $4.858 $2.4291

Two cartons per box Refer to cultural program shown Refer to cultural program shown on Refer to cultural program shown in
P.S. = Pound Solids on Table 14-A. Table 14-A. Table 7.
Yield: 555 boxes/acre @ 4.7 P.S. per box
119 trees per acre Only summer spray with oil, Assumes 100% packout Assumes 100% packout
copper, and Agri-Mek.










Table 9.--Estimated F.O.B. cost for fresh market Southwest Florida Red grapefruit, 1999-00

Percent Packout 50.00% Percent Packout 60.00% Percent Packout 70.00%
Box Yield Per Acre 555 Box Yield Per Acre 555 Box Yield Per Acre 555

Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton

Total Production/
Cultural Costs $867.06 $3.125 $1.5623 $867.06 $2.604 $1.3019 $867.06 $2.232 $1.1159

Interest on Operating
(Cultural Costs) 43.35 0.156 0.0781 43.35 0.130 0.0651 43.35 0.112 0.0558

Management 48.00 0.173 0.0865 48.00 0.144 0.0721 48.00 0.124 0.0618

Taxes/Regulatory 93.50 0.337 0.1685 93.50 0.281 0.1404 93.50 0.241 0.1203

Interest on Average
Capital Investment 367.85 1.326 0.6628 367.85 1.105 0.5523 367.85 0.947 0.4734

Harvesting (Pick, Haul,
Etc.) and
DOC Assessment 1.290.38 4.650 2.3250 1290.38 3.875 1.9375 1.290.38 3.321 1.6607

Total Delivered-In Cost $2,710.14 $9.766 $4.8831 $2,710.14 $8.139 $4.0693 $2,710.14 $6.976 $3.4880

Packing & Selling 2,100.68 7.570 3.7850 2,520.81 7.570 3.7850 2,940.94 7.570 3.7850

Fresh Eliminations Costs
(Credit)' -1,157.18 -4.170 -2.0850 -925.74 -2.780 -1.3900 -694.31 -1.787 -0.8936

Total F.O.B. Costs $3.653.64 $13.166 $65831 $ 21 $12.929 $6.4643 $956.78 $12.759 $6.3794

Percent Packout 80.00% Percent Packout 90.00% Percent Packout 100.00%
Box Yield Per Acre 555 Box Yield Per Acre 555 Box Yield Per Acre 555

Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton

Total Production/
Cultural Costs $867.06 $1.953 $0.9764 $867.06 $1.736 $0.8679 $867.06 $1.562 $0.7811

Interest on Operating
(Cultural) Costs 43.35 0.098 0.0488 43.35 0.087 0.0434 43.35 0.078 0.0391

Management 48.00 0.108 0.0541 48.00 0.096 0.0480 48.00 0.086 0.0432

Taxes/Regulatory 93.50 0.211 0.1053 93.50 0.187 0.0936 93.50 0.168 0.0842

Interest on Average
Capital Investment 389.85 0.878 0.4390 389.85 0.780 0.3902 389.85 0.702 0.3512

Harvesting (Pick, Haul,
Etc.) and
DOC Assessment 290.3 2.906 1.4531 1.290.38 2.583 1.2917 1290.38 2.325 1.1625

Total Delivered-In Cost $2,732.14 $6.153 $3.0767 $2,732.14 $5.470 $2.7349 $2,732.14 $4.923 $2.4614

Packing & Selling 3,361.08 7.570 3.7850 3,781.22 7.570 3.7850 4,201.35 7.570 3.7850

Fresh Eliminations Costs
(Credit)" -462.87 -1.042 -0.5212 -231.43 0.463 -0.2317 0.00 0.000 0.0000

Total F.O.B. Costs $5.630.35 $12.681 $6.3405 $28192 $12.576 $6.2882 $933.49 $12.493 $6.2464

'"Net Eliminations Cost" equals the average yield of 4.70 pound solids per box times $1.10 per pound solids less packinghouse elimination charge
and cannery hauling charge of $1.00 per box.











Table 10.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a mature, Hamlin orange grove producing citrus
for processed market in the Southwest Florida area, 1995-96--1999-00


On-tree Gross Total grove Total specified Net return to land,
Year price/box" Yield revenue care expenses costs' trees, and ownership

------------------------------------------ Dollars -------------------------------------

1995-96 $3.54 460 1,628.40 780.54d 828.54 799.86

1996-97 $3.11 477C 1,483.47 731.10 779.10 704.37

1997-98 $2.78 477C 1,326.06 730.25 778.25 547.81

1998-99 $4.12 504c 2,076.48 745.18 793.18 1,283.30

1999-00 $3.07b 504c 1,547.28 758.85 806.85 740.43

5-yr. avg. $3.32 484 1,606.88 749.18 797.18 809.70

aOn-tree prices for processed oranges only as reported by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
bFASS 1999-00 preliminary on-tree price per box.

cHigher per acre yield is due to increased average tree density of Hamlin citrus groves in Southwest Florida.
dIn 1995-96, the cost of fertilizer materials and the supplemental maintenance costs of resets have increased substantially over previous
years.
"A management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not
included.











Table 11.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns (adjusted to 2000 dollars) for a mature, Hamlin
orange grove producing citrus for processed market in the Southwest Florida area, 1995-96--1999-00


Adjusted
Inflation on-tree Gross Total specified Net return to land,
Year factor index" price/box Yield revenue costs trees, and ownership

------------------------------ Dollars -------------------------

1995-96 103.7 $3.67 460 1,688.20 859.20 829.00

1996-97 103.8 $3.23 477 1,540.71 808.71 732.00

1997-98 106.4 $2.96 477 1,411.92 828.06 583.86

1998-99 105.5 $4.35 504 2,192.40 836.80 1,355.60

1999-00 100.0 $3.07 504 1,547.28 806.85 740.43

5-yr. avg. -- $3.46 484 1,674.64 827.92 846.72

"Producer price index for each year adjusted to 2000 prices (2000 = 100), with 2000 producer price index estimated to be 132.4. Producer
price index for other years are: 1996 = 127.7; 1997 = 127.6; 1998 = 124.4; and 1999 = 125.5.

bA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included.
(Refer to Table 10.)











Table 12.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove
producing citrus for fresh market packing in the Southwest Florida area, 1995-96--1999-00


On-tree Gross Total grove Total specified Net return to land,
Year price/boxa Yield revenue care expenses costs trees, and ownership
------------------------------------------ Dollars -------------------------------------

1995-96 $1.77 510 902.70 872.28' 920.28 (17.58)

1996-97 $1.91 510 974.10 821.94" 869.94 (104.16)

1997-98 $1.50 510 765.00 819.44e 867.44 (102.44)

1998-99 $2.65 555C 1,470.75 843.97 891.97 578.78

1999-00 $3.85b 555c 2,136.75 867.06 915.66 1,221.69

5-yr. avg. $2.34 528 1,235.52 844.94 892.94 342.58

aOn-tree prices for all sales methods as reported by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
bFASS 1999-00 preliminary on-tree price per box.

"Higher per acre yield due to increased average tree density for red grapefruit citrus groves in Southwest Florida.
dA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included.
'In 1995-96, the cost of fertilizer materials and supplemental maintenance costs of resets had increased substantially over previous years.
Beginning in 1996-97, costs were less than previous years due to a decrease in nitrogen application from 180 lbs of N/acre to 150 lbs as well as
the cost of materials reported being less than 1995-96.











Table 13.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns (adjusted to 2000 dollars) for a mature, red seedless
grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh fruit packing in the Southwest Florida area, 1995-96--1999-00


Adjusted
Inflation on-tree Gross Total specified Net return to land,
Year factor index price/box Yield revenue costs trees, and ownership

------------------------------ Dollars --------------------

1995-96 103.7 $1.84 510 938.40 954.33 (15.93)

1996-97 103.8 $1.98 510 1,009.80 903.00 106.80

1997-98 106.4 $1.60 510 816.00 922.96 (106.96)

1998-99 105.5 $2.80 555 1,554.00 941.03 612.97

1999-00 100.0 $3.85 555 2,136.75 915.66 1,221.69

5-yr. avg. -- $2.41 528 1,272.48 927.40 345.08

"Producer price index for each year adjusted to 2000 prices (2000 = 100), with 2000 producer price index estimated to be 132.4. Producer
price index for other years are: 1996 = 127.7; 1997 = 127.6; 1998 = 124.4; and 1999 = 125.5.

bA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not included.
(Refer to Table 12.)








REFERENCES


1. Citrus Summary 1999-00 (Preliminary Report). Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. Florida
Agricultural Statistics. September 2000.

2. Knapp, J. L. (Ed.). 2000 Florida Citrus Pest Management Guide. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP
43. Gainesville: Jan. 2000. 76 pp.

3. Muraro, Ronald P. "A Listing of Estimated Comparative Southwest Florida Citrus Production
Costs Per Acre for 1999-00." Lake Alfred Citrus Research and Education Center (CREC) Report.
Lake Alfred, FL: June 2000.

4. "Cost for Establishing, Planting, and Maintaining a Citrus Grove through Four Years of
Age, South Florida Flatwoods Area." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: Nov. 1989.

5. "Estimated Cost of Planting and Maintaining a Reset Citrus Tree through Three Years of
Age." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: Dec. 2000.

6. "A Listing of 2000 Custom Rates Reported by Twenty-two Indian River and South
Florida Citrus Caretakers." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: June 2000.

7. Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Age. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8. Gainesville: 1960.

8. Tucker, D. P. H., A. K. Alva, L. K. Jackson, and T. A. Wheaton (Eds.). Nutrition of Florida Citrus
Trees. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP 169. Gainesville: 1995. 61 pp.






18

ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Programs for Southwest Florida Citrus Production for Both
Round Oranges and Grapefruit
Page

Table 1-A. Spray programs ................ .............................. 19
Post bloom spray ................................................. 19
Summer spray ................................................... 21
Fall spray ................................................... 23

Table 2-A. Herbicide .................................................... 24

Table 3-A. Dry fertilizer ...................................................... 27

Table 4-A. Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application) ............................. 28

Table 5-A. Nematicides ..................................................... 28

Table 6-A. Soil amendment .................................................. 29

Table 7-A. Irrigation--annual cost per acre ...................................... 29
Drip ........................................................ 29
Microsprinkler ................................................... 29
Drainage ditch annual costs .......................................... 29

Table 8-A. A listing of 2000 custom rates reported by twenty-two Indian River and South
Florida citrus caretakers ............................................ 30

Table 9-A. 2000 summary of average chemical price estimates ....................... 32

Table 10-A. 2000 summary of average fertilizer price estimates ....................... 34

Table 11-A. Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four years
of age, South Florida flatwoods area .................................. 36

Table 12-A. Estimated cost of planting and maintaining a reset citrus tree through three years
of age, December 2000 ................ ........................... 37

Table 13-A. A listing of estimated comparative Southwest Florida citrus production costs per
acre for oranges, 1999-00 .......................................... 38

Table 14-A. A listing of estimated comparative Southwest Florida citrus production costs per
acre for grapefruit, 1999-00 .......................................... 39

Table 15-A. Historic prices for selected citrus varieties .............................. 40

Table 16-A. Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity ......... 41

Abbreviations for important chemicals are:

B = Boron Fe = Iron Mn = Manganese Zn = Zinc
Cu = Copper Mg = Magnesium N = Nitrogen









Table 1-A.--Spray programs


POST BLOOM SPRAY


Spray Program #1


Spray Program #2


Spray Program #3


Spray Program #4


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Zn
Mn
B

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Zn, Mn, Nitrates
Micromite 25WP

Ground Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Ethion
Oil 97+%

Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Nitrate
Potassium Nitrate
Lorsban 4EC
Hystop (pH Reducer)
Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)

Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs
0.25 lbs

150 gals


Cost/Acre

$19.20
3.80
3.20
1.19
20.72


$48.11


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$12.80
1.36
39.00


18.03

$71.19


Amount
/Acre

10 lbs
Ipt
1.25 lbs

100 gals


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
5 pts
3 gals

100 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 8.96
22.05
6.45

18.03


$55.49


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
3 qts
10 lbs
4 pts
1 pt
100 gals


Cost/Acre

$ 8.96
6.31
1.87
22.08
1.82


18.03


$59.07


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --









Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #5


Spray Program #6


Materials/Ingredients
Kelthane MF
Cu (50% metallic)
Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Ethion
Cu (50% metallic)
Oil 97+%
Ground Application
Total per Application


Spray Program #7


Materials/Ingredients
Cu (50% metallic)
Zn, Mn, B
Ethion
Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Amount
/Acre
7 lbs
8 lbs metallic
6 pts
500 gals


Spray Program #8


Spray Program #9
(Scale insects)


Materials/Ingredients
Vendex 4L
Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Lorsban 4EC
Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Amount
/Acre
5 pts
10 lbs
250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$21.15
12.80
21.77


$55.72


Amount
/Acre
6 pts
8 lbs
3 gals
250 GPA


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$26.46
10.24
6.45
21.77
$64.92


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$ 8.96
8.59
26.46
27.13


$71.14


Amount
/Acre
2 lbs
150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$31.24
20.72


$51.96


Amount
/Acre
5 pts
500 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$27.60
27.13


$54.73


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --









Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)


SUMMER SPRAY


Spray Program #10


Spray Program #11


Spray Program #12


Spray Program #13


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+%
Cu (50% copper)
Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Oil 97+%
Cu (50% metallic)
Agri-Mek

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Oil 97+%
Agri-Mek
Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients
Enable
Oil 97+%
Agri-Mek
Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)
Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

10 gals
7 lbs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$21.50
8.96
21.77


$52.23


Amount
/Acre
5 gals
7 lbs
5 ozs

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$10.75
8.96
24.75

20.72


$65.18


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
5 gals
10 ozs
250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 8.96
10.75
49.50
21.77


$90.98


Amount
/Acre
8 oz
5 gals
5 ozs
250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$12.50
10.75
24.75
21.77


$69.77


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)
SUMMER SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #14


Spray Program #15


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Oil 97+%
Zn
Mn
B

Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Oil 97+%

Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)

Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre
7 lbs
5 gals
5 lbs
10 lbs
0.25 lbs

150 gals


Cost/Acre

$ 8.96
10.75
3.80
3.20
1.19

20.72


$48.62


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
5 gals

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 8.96
10.75
20.72


$40.43


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --









Table I-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)
FALL SPRAY


Spray Program #16


Spray Program #17


Spray Program #18


Spray Program #19


Materials/Ingredients

Agri-Mek

Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Thiolux 80 DF (sulfur)

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Kelthane MF

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 4L

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

10 ozs

50 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$49.50

15.86


$65.36


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs

15 GPA


Amount
/Acre

6 pts

15 GPA


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs

15 GPA


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 9.60

7.24

$16.84


Cost/Acre

$25.38

7.24

$32.62


Cost/Acre

$31.24

7.24

$38.48


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 2-A.--Herbicide


Herbicide Program #1

(Strip/band)


Amount/
Materials Treated Acre


Solicam 80DF
Karmex WP
Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


3 lbs
4 lbs
2 qts


Cost/
Grove Acre"
$23.58
8.36
10.42


8.55


$50.91


Herbicide Program #2

(Strip/band)


Amount/
Materials Treated Acre


Surflan A80 DF
Simazine 4L
Roundup Ultra
Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


2 qts
4 qts
2 qts


Herbicide Program #3

(Strip/band)


Materials

Karmex WP
Roundup Ultra
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre
4 lbs
2 qts


Herbicide Program #4

(Strip/band)


Amount/
Materials Treated Acre


Solicam 80DF
Simazine 4L
Roundup Ultra
Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


8 lbs
4 qts
2 pts


aWith respect to herbicide materials, Amount Per Grove Acre does not egual Amount Per Treated Acre
shown on the label as only a strip or band is being treated. In this report, it is assumed that only 50% or
one-half of a grove acre is being treated.


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$16.58
6.80
10.42


8.55


$42.55


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acrea
$ 8.36
10.42

8.55


$27.33


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$62.88
6.80
5.21
8.55


$83.44


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #5

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #6

(Strip/band)


Materials

Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Krovar I
Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

4 qts


Amount/
Treated Acre

5 lbs
2 qts


Herbicide Program #7

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #8

(Strip/band)


Materials

Princep (Caliber 90)
Hyvar X
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Roundup Ultra
Princep (Caliber 90)

Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

4 lbs
6 lbs
2 pts


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
4 lbs


Cost/
Grove Acrea

$20.84


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


8.55


$29.39


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$28.80
10.42

8.55


$47.77


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acrea

$ 6.42
56.91
1.71

8.55


$73.59


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acrea

$ 10.42
6.42

8.55


$25.39


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


1










Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #9

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #10

(Chemical mow)


Materials

Direx 4L
Solicam
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/ Cost/
Treated Acre Grove Acre"

3 qts $ 7.80
3 lbs 23.58
1 qt 1.71
8.55


$41.64


Amount/
Treated Acre

1 pt


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$ 2.61

5.32


$7.93


Herbicide Program #11

(Chemical mow)


Herbicide Program #12

(Spot treatment)


Materials

Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Roundup Ultra

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

1.5 pts


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acrea

$ 3.92

5.32


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


$9.24


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$10.42

5.01


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


$15.43


................. --......... ---................ ............... --............... ................


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


......................... .... --................. ........................ ..........---...........


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --









Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer


Program #1

(125 lbs N/Acre)


Program #2

(150 lbs N/Acre)


Program #3
(180 lbs N/Acre)


Program #4
(204 lbs N/Acre)


Program #5
(225 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-2-12-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

15-2-15-2.4 MgO
Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
15-2-15-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
17-4-17-2.4 MgO

Application
Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
15-2-15-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Amount
/Acre

1042 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1000 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre
1200 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre

1200 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre

1500 lbs
3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$77.11
21.66

$98.77


Cost/Acre

$ 83.00
21.66

$104.66


Cost/Acre
$ 99.60
21.66

$121.26


Cost/Acre

$109.20
21.66
$130.86


Cost/Acre

$124.50
21.66
$146.16


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 4-A.--Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application)
Analysis/Material
Program #1 Applied

(180 lbs N/Acre) 10-0-10
Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Program #2

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Program #3

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Table 5-A.--Nematicides


Program #1


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-2-10

Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-0-10
Solicam 80DF
Karmex WP

Double Boom Application
Total for 3 Applications

*Treated acre--one application


Analysis/Material
Applied

Temik 15G

Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs

3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$95.40
33.51

$128.91


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs
3 lbs*
4 lbs*

3 times


Amount
/Acre

33 Ibs


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$102.60
33.51

$136.11


Cost/Acre

$ 95.40
23.58
8.96

33.51

$161.45


Cost/Acre

$110.22
13.38

$123.60


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --









Table 6-A.--Soil amendment


Program #1
(Every 3 years)


Analysis/Material
Applied
Dolomite (Delivered)
Application
Total for 1 Application
(Average 1/3 Ton Applied/Yr)


Program #2
(Every year)


Analysis/Material
Applied
Dolomite (Delivered)
Application
Total per Application


Table 7-A.--Irrigation--annual cost per acre
DRIP
Program #1
Operating (Electric)
$36.07
Maintenance of System 36.67
Total Cash Expenses $72.74

Fixed Depreciation Expense 42.35

Total Cash and Fixed Expenses $11509


MICROSPRINKLER

Operating

Maintenance of System
Total Cash Expenses

Fixed Depreciation Expense

Total Cash and Fixed Expenses

DRAINAGE DITCH ANNUAL COSTS


Program #3
(Electric)
$ 40.99
40.87
$81.86


52.94

$134.80


Ditches/Canals Maintenance ($38.88/acre 3 years)
Weed Control in Ditches/Canals
Water Control: In/Out of Ditches and Canals
Total


Amount
/Acre
1 ton
1 time


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$24.71
7.54
$32.25
$10.75


Amount
/Acre
1000 lbs


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$12.36
7.54
$19.90


Program #2
(Diesel)
$32.43
37.99
$69.92

45.25

$115.17



Program #4
(Diesel)
$ 34.50
43.49
$ 77.99


56.56

$134.55


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #5

$13.49
12.10
9.66
$35.25


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --











Table 8-A.--A listing of 2000 custom rates reported by twenty-two Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Ratey Comments


CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT:

Hand Labor
Mechanic Labor
Tractor/Equipment Operator (Driver)
Rotovate
Disc 7-8'
Disc 10'
Mow: Off-set or Side Mower
5-8'
5-8'
9-10'
9-10'
15-16'
V-Mower
Sickle Mower
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Single Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band--Single Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band--Double Boom)
Herbicide' (Chemical Mow)
Temik'
Plow
Backhoe
Vine Puller
Middle Buster
Mound Builder
Grader Blade
Bush Hog
Water Truck with Driver
Pickup Truck with Driver
Flatbed/Transport Truck with Driver
Tractor with Driver
ATV with Driver
SPRAYING:'


Hand Sprayer


500 GPA
250 GPA
125 GPA
100 GPA
Curtec (25 GPA)

Aerial
Aerial
Aerial
Aerial

FERTILIZING:'


Hour $11.00- $15.00 $12.21 Plus transportation and equipment
Hour 25.00- 40.00 33.69 Labor and service truck
Hour 13.75- 19.95 16.18
Hour 29.00- 37.00 33.00
Hour 25.00- 35.00 29.73
Hour 31.00- 35.00 33.75
Hour 29.00- 35.00 32.11
Hour 27.00- 33.00 29.20
Acre 8.00- 10.50 9.53
Hour 29.00- 35.00 31.50
Acre 8.00- 10.50 9.12
Hour 33.50- 41.00 36.06 Average $9.00/acre
Hour 30.00- 35.00 33.40 Average $9.00/acre
Hour 31.00- 35.00 32.79
Hour 31.00- 37.50 33.50 Plus materials
Acre 11.00- 12.50 12.27 Plus materials
Acre 12.00- 12.50 12.19 Plus materials; Average $36.69/hr.
Acre 3.50- 7.00 5.32 Plus materials
Acre 12.50- 15.00 13.38 Plus materials
Hour 25.00- 35.00 31.91
Hour 35.00- 50.00 43.83
Hour 30.50
Hour 28.50- 35.00 30.88 With tractor and driver
Hour 27.00- 35.00 32.89 With tractor and driver
Hour 22.00- 35.00 30.75 Tractor/blade and driver
Hour 30.00- 40.00 33.41
Hour 25.00- 37.00 31.48
Hour 23.50- 30.00 25.79 Average miles traveled per year: Pick-up truck -28,500 miles
Hour 35.00- 44.00 38.30 Transport truck 19,225 miles
Hour 26.00- 34.00 28.68
Hour 16.00- 30.00 19.65


Hour $ $ $42.50 Includes tractor, handgun sprayer and 2 workers
AIR BLAST SPRAYER
Engine Driven PTO Powered

Acre 35.00- 36.00 35.67 32.00- 35.00 33.67 With "tree see": PTO $36.33/Ac
Acre 28.00- 36.00 30.50 24.00- 29.00 26.90 With "tree see": PTO $28.00/Ac
Acre 22.50- 25.00 24.17 19.00- 22.50 21.08 With "tree see": PTO $23.13/Ac
Acre 18.00 20.00 19.00
Acre 18.00- 19.50 18.75 (Avg. $20/acre @ 30 GPA)

Fixed Wing: $4.42/acre @ 5 gallons per acre Bell Helicopter: $7.50/acre @ 5 GPA
Fixed Wing: $6.08/acre @ 10 gallons per acre Bell Helicopter: $12.50/acre @ 10 GPA
Fixed Wing: $7.24/acre @ 15 gallons per acre Huie Helicopter: $18.00/acre @ 15 GPA
Fixed Wing: $8.92/acre @ 20 gallons per acre Huie Helicopter: $20.00/acre @ 20 GPA


Inject Liquid Fertilizer
Liquid Boom Application:
Single Boom
Double Boom
Dry (Bulk)
Lime or Dolomite
Fertilize Young Trees:' Hand Spread
Fert. Spreader


Hour $30.00- $38.50 $34.50 Truck + labor; one reporting $30/setting

Acre 7.00
Acre 10.00- 12.50 11.17
Acre 6.50- 8.50 7.22 Average $32.50/hour; $19.00/ton
Acre 7.00- 8.50 7.54
Hour 11.00- 15.00 12.21 Plus transportation; one reporting 100/tree
Hour 26.00- 35.00 29.63 Plus materials


(OVER)











Table 8-A.--A listing of 2000 custom rates reported by twenty-two Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers (cont'd.)

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Ratey Comments

IRRIGATION:


Ditch Mower
Water Furrow Disc
Water Furrow Cleaner
Water Furrow Shaper (Laser Control)
Rotary Ditcher or Auger
Water Slinger
Microsprinkler/Drip Irrigation Maintenance
Microsprinkler

REMOVING TREES:


Front End Loader
Tree Shearing (Cutting Tree at Ground Level)

PRUNING:

General Pruning (Rehab/Freeze Damage)
Power Saw with Operator
Hedging:
Double Side (Tractor Pulled)
Double Side (Tractor Mounted)
Double Side (Self Propelled)
Double Side Self-Propelled Fixed Boom Hedger
Topping:
Tractor Pulled
Tractor Pulled
Tractor Mounted
Double Sided Topper
Double Boom (Self Propelled)
Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer
Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer
Removing Brush:
Haul Brush out of Grove
Mow/Chop Brush

OTHER CUSTOM RATES:

Install Tree Wraps
Plant Trees (Solid Set)
Plant Trees (Resets)
Travel/Setup Charge
Grove Management Charge/Month:
Supervising Grove Care Operations
Handling Fruit Marketing
Supervising/Handling Chemicals/Fertilizer

Charge for personnel to oversee harvesting
operations and coordinate harvest in different
blocks/groves and keeping of harvesting labor
compliance records.

Consulting
Consulting

Total Reported Acreage Provided Grove
Service to:


Hour $35.00- $45.00 $40.17
Hour 25.00- 36.50 32.38
Hour 27.50- 35.00 31.55 One reporting; 20/foot (Single Bed)
Hour 65.00- 70.00 68.50 One reporting; 5/foot (Single Bed)
Hour 28.00- 35.00 31.93
Hour 35.00
Acre/Month 2.00- 6.50 4.13 Check & repair system; parts extra
$25.50/setting; $33.33/hour (truck and driver) Start/stop and supervision



Hour $45.00- $55.00 $51.38 Avg. range 5-15 trees per hour; solid-set push @ $2/tree
Hour 48.00- 55.00 51.25 Avg. range 5-20 trees per hour; one reporting $3/tree


$ $ -
17.00- 25.00


$3.50
19.50


Hour 100.00- 137.00 118.50 6 to 10 acres/hour; Avg. $15.67/acre
Hour 205.00
Hour 200.00- 260.00 234.00 8 to 20 acres/hour depending on wood size; $16.50/acre
Hour 345.00 12 to 30 acres/hour-bed top only; 8 to 20 acres-bed top
\and furrow; depending on wood size
Hour 110.00- 137.00 128.00 2-5 ac/hr depending on wood size; Gable Cut $36/acre;
Hour 350.00 4to 10 acres/hour rooftop; 10 to 20 acres \Flattop $26/acre
Hour 175.00 \flattop cut from bed tops
Hour 250.00- 260.00 253.33 Avg. 8-15 acres depending on wood size type of cut; $28/acre
Hour 550.00 4 to 10 acres/hour rooftop; 15 to 30 acres flattocut from
Acre 12.00- 20.00 15.25 3 to 5 acres/hr \bed tops
Hour 43.00- 70.00 57.67


48.00- 55.00 51.60 Front-end loader
30.00- 35.00 31.67 Average $8.50/acre


$0.10 $0.25 depending on type of wrap and number of trees
Tree $0.80- $ 1.15 $ 0.96 Varies as to density
Tree 1.25- 3.00 2.09 Varies as to the number of resets
Hour 25.70


Acre 3.00- 6.00
$0.15-$0.25/box; $0.05/pound solids
7% to 15% of materials cost; averaged 12%


4.54 In addition to caretaking charges
One reporting $5/acre/month for supervising and marketing


10e/box to 180/box; Avg. 140/box


Avg. $111.67 per hour for Horticultural Evaluation and/or Financial Analysis/prospectus.
$250/day for Cultural Management only


Acre


340- 8,000


2,950 Total acres reporting: 44,252


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, Lake Alfred CREC, June 2000.


'Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor and sprayer; supply truck included by most caretakers.

YCalculated by dividing the total number of caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all charges.








Table 9-A.--2000 summary of average chemical price estimates

Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (2000)


Fungicides: Aliette 80WP
Benlate
Basic Copper Sulfate (53%)
Copper (50%) (Kocide 101)
Copper (40%) (Kocide 606)
Carbamate 76WP
Enable 2F
Nu-Cop 50DF
Oil 435 or 455
Ridomil 5G
Ridomil Gold EC
Trilogy 70 EC
Insecticides/Nematicides:
Admire 2F
Agri-Mek (0.15EC)
Bacillus thuringienses
Carzol 92 SP
Clinch Fire Ant Bait
Comite 6.55 EC
Cygon 4 EC
Ethion
Guthion 2L
Guthion 50WP
Kelthane MF
Lorsban 4EC
Lorsban 15G
Malathion 5 EC
Metasystox-R
Micromite 25WP
Microthiol 80DF
Nemacur 15G
Nexter
Sevin 80S
Sevin XLR
Spinter 25C
Sulphur 6F
Sulphur Dust
Temik 15G
Thiolux 80 DF
Vendex 50W


lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
lb.
40 oz
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.


gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
33 oz
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
ton
lb.
lb.
lb.


9.97
16.89
1.28
1.90
12.50
3.69
58.20
2.30
2.15
4.95
683.74
30.96


570.10
633.74
9.88
35.40
8.82
83.22
25.95
35.31
36.38
9.88
33.90
44.15
1.88
21.98
70.06
31.20
0.67
4.00
230.05
4.91
27.88
525.00
4.30
300.00
3.34
0.64
15.62







Table 9-A.--2000 summary of average chemical price estimates (cont'd.)
Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (2000)


Herbicides:


Devrinol 50WP
Direx 4L
Direx 80 DF
Eptam 7-E
Fusilade DX
Goal
Gramoxone (Paraquat)
Hyvar X
Karmex
Krovar I
Princep (Caliber 90)
Princep 4L
Prowl
Rodeo (30 gal drum)
Roundup (30 gal drum)
Roundup Ultra (30 gal drum)
Simazine 90 DF
Simazine 4L
Solicam 80 DF
Surflan AS
Torpedo 1E
Touchdown


Growth Regulators:
Citrus Fix
Pro-Gibb 3.91%
Tre-Hold
Other Spray Materials:
Borates (15%)
Manganese (32%)
Zinc (78%)
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Nutritional Spray Mix:
Goemar BM 86
Goemar MZ 63
Dyna Gold MZ
Dyna Gold MZF
KeyPlex 350
KeyPlex 250
KeyPlex 445
KeyPlex 350-DP
KeyPlex 445-DP


lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.
gal.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.

gal.
qt.
gal.

lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.


8.40
20.79
3.95
32.93
125.42
98.16
35.51
18.97
4.18
11.44
3.21
14.86
23.44
83.10
37.29
41.67
2.95
13.62
15.72
66.34
56.45
54.70

325.10
43.13
77.52

0.71
0.32
0.76
13.66
28.50
30.50
6.45
6.88
14.94
16.40
15.30
24.50
24.50


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University of
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, November 2000.


1







Table 10-A.--2000 summary of average fertilizer price estimates


Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (2000)


FERTILIZER (FOB Price @ Plant)

Slow Release (Young Tree)*
Osmocote: 18-4-12
Sulfur Coated/Polymer Coated Urea (42% N)


Dry Mix (Bulk)
17-0-17-3M,
17-4-17-2.4M
16-0-16
16-0-16-4Mg
16-2-16-3 M
15-2-15-2.4,M
12-2-12-2.4,M
8-8-8 w/minors**
8-4-8 w/minors**
8-2-8 w/minors**
6-6-6 w/minors**

Liquid Mix (Bulk)
8-2-8
8-4-8
9-3-9
9-4-9
10-0-10
10-2-10
12-0-6
12-3-6
7-0-0-6 (Magnesium Nitrate)


1,420.11
391.00


ton
ton
ton
ton
ton
ton
ton
ton
ton
ton
ton


ton
ton
ton
ton
ton
ton
ton
ton
gal.


174.63
181.80
162.01
174.36
176.11
166.68
148.90
136.54
132.33
127.48
123.27


98.22
107.49
109.51
115.83
105.67
114.88
103.15
118.68
1.25


*Slow Release Elements are indicated in parenthesis.
**With organic nitrogen, the price averaged 25% higher.


r








Table 10-A.--2000 summary of average fertilizer price estimates (cont'd.)


Average Your Price
Item Unit Price (2000)

Other Fertilizer Materials (Bulk)
Ammonium Nitrate (21% N Liquid) ton 141.20
Ammonium Nitrate (33.5% N Dry) ton 181.33
Ammonium Sulfate (21% N) ton 109.75
Calcium Nitrate (19% Ca, 15.5% N) ton 201.13
Dolomite (at mine--49% CaCO3, 36% MgCO3) ton 12.20
High Cal Lime ton 6.30
Muriate of Potash (60% K20) ton 165.35
Potassium Nitrate (14% N; 46% K20) ton 346.75
Sul-Po-Mag (SPM--21.9% K20) ton 168.80
Super Phosphate (20% P205) ton 159.70
Triple Superphosphate (48% P205) ton 181.80
Average Delivery Cost ton 12.51

Foliar Macronutrients
Dyna Zone 15-0-10 gal. 7.15
Dyna Zone 18-3-6 gal. 6.75
N-Sure 28-0-0 (72% SRN)*** gal. 5.50
MKP (0-52-34) (Mono-Potassium Phosphate) lb. 0.62
DKP (0-18-20) (Di-Potassium Phosphate) gal. 4.00
Phos Might 0-22-20 gal. 28.80
Nutriphite 0-28-26 gal. 41.25


***SRN, Slow Release Nitrogen

SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University of
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, November 2000.








Table 11 -A.--Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four years of age, South Florida flatwoods area
Cost Per Acre
Range Average
$ $
Land Cost:' Improved Pasture Land 1,700-2,500 2,050
Raw Land and Semi-improved Pasture 1,150-1,800 1,450
Land Preparation: Pasture and Light Palmettos 125- 275 195
(Clearing) Raw Land (heavy pines, palmettos) 350- 600 465
Leveling: With Laser 200- 350 275
Without Laser 100- 250 160
Bedding: 2-rows (short rows -- 1,350+ feet) 100- 195 130
Soil Amendments: Dolomite 1 ton 35
Super Phosphate, 400 lbs. 30
Canals, Ditches and Dikes 150- 260 195
Reservoirs and Roads 130- 180 155
Throw-out Pumps for Water Movement 45- 60 55
Culverts 65- 135 85
Middle Drop Drainage Pipes 45- 95 105
Drainage Tile 140- 160 150
Cover Crop 9- 16 12
Irrigation System: Microsprinkler -- with Well2 850-1,500 1,000
without Well 525-1,200 700
Drip with Well2 775-1,050 875
-- without Well 400- 825 560
Water Permits, Environmental Studies, and Engineering: Cost 40- 90 70
Time in Months 5- 12 8
Percent Land Utilization: Planted to Citrus 55%- 85% 71%
Ditches and Canals 5%- 10% 8%
Water Retention 10%- 30% 15%
Roads and Service Areas 3%- 15% 6%
-----------------------------------------------------------------
South Florida
Year
1 2 3 4

Solidset Planted Trees3 ------------------- Cost Per Tree -----------------
Microsprinkler Irrigation and Ditch Maintenance $0.40 $0.50 $0.65 $0.85
Fertilize Tree 0.25 0.40 0.55 0.56
Supplemental Fertilization thru Irrigation 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.29
Spray 0.30 0.40 0.47 0.50
Insulated Tree Wrap (annual maintenance) 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.00
Sprouting (labor) 0.20 0.20 0.00 0.00
Cultivation/Mowing 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44
Herbicide 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54
Ridomil/Aliette 0.35 0.35 0.00 0.00
Miscellaneous 0.43 0.49 0.42 0.48
Total Cost Per Year $3.31 $3.77 $3.62 $3.66
Reset Trees (annual additional grove care costs) $2.13 $2.47 $1.84
Cost of Planting Trees4 Solidset = $5.00 Reset = $6.30
'Land cost will vary from one county to another as well as from one parcel to another.
2Irrigation costs include distribution system, power unit and well (where indicated.) The higher cost ranges reported also included a cost for fertigation
equipment.

'The per tree costs shown are applicable for tree densities of 145 to 165 trees per acre. The per tree costs should be decreased for higher density plantings and
increased for lower density plantings; e.g., at 200 trees per acre decrease costs by 15%; at 115 trees per acre increase costs by 15%.

4Tree cost (bare root) = $3.25; stake, plant, and water tree = $1.25 (solidset) and $2.55 (resets); and uninsulated tree wrap = $0.50.
Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, November 1989.







Table 12-A.--Estimated cost of planting and maintaining a reset citrus tree through three years of age,
December 2000

Number of Resets/Replacement Trees Per Acre
1-2 3-5 6-10 11-25 26+
---------------- Cost Per Tree -----------
Year #1: $ $ $ $ $
Tree Removal 5.73 4.98 3.98 3.22 2.57
Tree Cost (Container Tree) 4.50 4.50 4.35 4.25 4.25
Site Preparationa 5.40 4.68 3.97 3.67 2.88
Plant Tree and First Watering 3.28 2.40 2.08 1.74 1.31
Total Planting Cost 13.18 11.58 10.40 9.66 8.44

Supplemental Fertilization 4 Times
(Application & Materials) 1.28 1.11 1.02 0.93 0.85
Supplemental Spraying
(Application & Materials)b 0.48 0.41 0.38 0.35 0.32
Spot Herbicide (Application & Materials) 0.21 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.13
Tree Wrap (Corrugated) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Sprouting/Pruning 0.41 0.41 0.38 0.38 0.34
Miscellaneous 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.13
Supervision & Overhead 0.27 0.25 0.23 0.22 0.21
Total Tree Care Cost Year #1 3.82 3.52 3.32 3.16 2.98
Total Cost Year #1 22.73 20.08 17.70 16.04 13.99
Year #2:
Supplemental Fertilization 3 Times
(Application & Materials) 1.72 1.53 1.34 1.13 1.03
Supplemental Spraying
(Application & Materials)b 0.55 0.49 0.43 0.36 0.33
Spot Herbicide (Application & Materials) 0.20 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.13
Sprouting/Pruning 0.49 0.49 0.41 0.41 0.37
Miscellaneous 0.15 0.13 0.12 0.10 0.09
Supervision & Overhead 0.23 0.20 0.18 0.16 0.15
Total Cost Year #2 3.34 3.02 2.64 2.30 2.10
Year #3:
Supplemental Fertilization 3 Times
(Application & Materials) 2.34 2.09 1.79 1.53 1.30
Miscellaneous 0.12 0.10 0.09 0.08 0.06
Supervision & Overhead 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.12 0.10
Total Cost Year #3b 2.64 2.35 2.02 1.73 1.46
Total Three-Year Cumulative Costs 28.71 25.45 22.36 20.07 17.55

aSite preparation for bedded citrus grove; cost of root removal, rotovating/leveling tree planting site.
Fumigate planting site would cost approximately $2.50 per tree.
bAdditional spray costs may be incurred if leafminer is a problem.

SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, December 2000.









Table 13-A.--A listing of estimated comparative Southwest Florida citrus production costs ner acre for 1999-2000z
Sr a ma Low Cost Reduced Cost Typical/Historical
Costs represent a mature (10+ years old) Processed Fresh/Processed Fresh Fruit
Processed Fresh/Processed Fresh Fruit
Southwest Florida Orange Grove. Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Progam

PRODUCTION/CULTURAL COSTS:
Weed Management/Control:
Mechanical Mow Middles (3 times per year) $ 24.00 $ 24.00 $24.00
Chemical Mow Middles (2 times per year) 15.86 15.86 15.86
General Grove Work (2 labor hours per acre) 24.42 24.42 24.42
Herbicide (1/2 tree acre treated):
Application (3 applications) $25.65 $25.65 $25.65
Material 76.04 98.42 98.42
Total Herbicide Cost 101.69 124.07 124.07
Spray
Post Bloom: Application (PTO -- 150 GPA) 20.72
Material 27.39
Total Post Bloom Cost -48.11
Summer Oil #1: Application (250 GPA) 21.77 21.77 21.77
Material 77.40 48.00 48.00
Total Summer Oil Cost 99.17 69.77 69.77
Summer Oil #2: Application (PTO -- 150 GPA) 20.72 20.72
Material 27.90 19.71
Total Supplemental Fall Miticide Cost 48.62 40.43
Fertilizer (Bulk): 3 Applications 21.66 21.66 21.66
Material (15-2-15-2.4 MgO @ 180 lbs N
and 204 lbs N) 99.60 109.20 109.20
Total Fertilizer Cost 121.26 130.86 130.86
Dolomite (one ton applied every 3 years)
Material/Application 10.75 10.75 10.75
Pruning: Topping ($31.67/A 2.5 yrs) 12.67 12.67 12.67
Remove Brush from Trees after Topping
($23.71/A + 2.5 yrs) 9.48 9.48 9.48
Hedging ($29.25/A 2 yrs) 14.63 14.63 14.63
Chop/Mow Brush after Hedging ($10/A + 2 yrs) 5.00 5.00 5.00
Total Pruning Cost 41.78 41.78 41.78
Tree Replacement 1 thru 3 years of age: (4 trees/acre)
Remove Trees: Pull, Stack & Bum 4 Trees with
Front-end Loader 19.92 19.92 19.92
Prepare Site & Plant Tree (Includes 4 reset trees) 43.44 43.44 43.44
Supplemental Fertilizer, Tree Wraps Maintenance,
Sprout, etc. (Trees 1-3 years old) 35.56 35.56 35.56
Total Tree Replacement Cost 98.92 98.92 98.92
Irrigation: Microsprinkler System 134.55 134.55 134.55
Clean Ditches (Weed Control) 12.10 12.10 12.10
Ditch and Canal Maintenance 13.49 13.49 13.49
Water Control (Pump water in/out of Ditches and
Canals) 9.66 9.66 9.66
Total Irrigation Cost 169.80 169.80 169.80
IRRIGATED PROCESSED FRUIT PRODUCTION COSTS $707.65 $758.85 $798.77
Supplemental Post Bloom Spray:
Application (250 GPA) 21.77 21.77
Material 43.15 43.15
Total Supplemental Post Bloom Spray 64.92 64.92
Fall Miticide Spray: Aerial Application (15 GPA) 7.24 7.24
Material 31.24 31.24
Total Fall Miticide Cost 38.48 38.48
IRRIGATED FRESH FRUIT PRODUCTION COSTS $862.25 $902.07

zThe listed estimated comparative costs are for the example grove situation described in the Economic Information Report Series
entitled: "Budgeting Costs and Returns for Southwest Florida Citrus Production" and may not represent your particular grove
situation in Southwest Florida.

SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, University of Florida-IFAS, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL, June 2000.









Table 14-A.--A listing of estimated comparative Southwest Florida citrus production costs per acre for grapefruit. 1999-00"
Low Cost Reduced Cost Typical/Historical
Costs represent a mature (10+ years old) Processed Fresh/Processed Fresh Fruit
Southwest Florida Red Grapefruit Grove. Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Program

PRODUCTION/CULTURAL COSTS:
Weed Management/Control:
Mechanical Mow Middles (3 times per year) $24.00 $ 24.00 $24.00
Chemical Mow Middles (2 times per year) 15.86 15.86 15.86
General Grove Work (2 labor hours per acre) 24.42 24.42 24.42
Herbicide (1/2 tree acre treated):
Application (3 applications) $25.65 $25.65 $25.65
Material 76.04 98.42 98.42
Total Herbicide Cost 101.69 124.07 124.07
Spray
Post Bloom: Application (PTO -- 150 GPA) 20.72
Material 27.39
Total Post Bloom Cost 48.11
Summer Oil #1: Application (250 GPA) 21.77 21.77 21.77
Material 77.40 48.00 48.00
Total Summer Oil Cost 99.17 69.77 69.77
Summer Oil #2: Application (PTO -- 150 GPA) 20.72 20.72
Material (Wettable Sulfur) 27.90 27.90
Total Supplemental Fall Miticide Cost 48.62 48.62
Fertilizer (Bulk): 3 Applications 21.66 21.66 21.66
Material (12-2-12-2.4 MgO @ 180 lbs N
and 15-2-15-2.4 MgO @ 150 lbs N) 99.60 83.00 83.00
Total Fertilizer Cost 121.26 104.66 104.66
Dolomite (one ton applied every 3 years)
Material/Application 10.75 10.75 10.75
Pruning: Topping ($31.67/A + 2.5 yrs) 12.67 12.67 12.67
Remove Brush from Trees after Topping
($23.71/A + 2.5 yrs) 9.48 9.48 9.48
Hedging ($29.25/A 2 yrs) 14.63 14.63 14.63
Chop/Mow Brush after Hedging ($10/A + 2 yrs) 5.00 5.00 5.00
Raise Skirts of Trees ($15.25 + 2 yrs) -- 7.63 7.63
Total Pruning Cost 41.78 49.41 49.41
Tree Replacement 1 thru 3 years of age: (3 trees/acre)
Remove Trees: Pull, Stack & Burn 3 Trees with
Front-end Loader 14.94 14.94 14.94
Prepare Site & Plant Tree (Includes 3 reset trees) 32.58 32.58 32.58
Supplemental Fertilizer, Tree Wraps Maintenance,
Sprout, etc. (Trees 1-3 years) 26.67 26.67 26.67
Total Tree Replacement Cost 74.19 74.19 74.19
Irrigation: Microsprinkler System 134.55 134.55 134.55
Clean Ditches (Weed Control) 12.10 12.10 12.10
Ditch and Canal Maintenance 13.49 13.49 13.49
Water Control (Pump water in/out of Ditches and
Canals) 9.66 9.66 9.66
Total Irrigation Cost 169.80 169.80 169.80
IRRIGATED PROCESSED FRUIT PRODUCTION COSTS $682.92 $715.55 $763.66
Supplemental Post Bloom Spray:
Application (250 GPA) 21.77 21.77
Material 43.15 43.15
Total Supplemental Post Bloom Spray 64.92 64.92
Fall Miticide Spray: Aerial Application (15 GPA) 7.24 7.24
Material 31.24 31.24
Total Fall Miticide Cost 38.48 38.48
IRRIGATED FRESH FRUIT PRODUCTION COSTS $818.95 $867.06

The listed estimated comparative costs are for the example grove situation described in the Economic Information Report Series entitled: "Budgeting Costs
and Returns for Southwest Florida Citrus Production" and may not represent your particular grove situation in Southwest Florida.
SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, University of Florida-IFAS, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL, November 2000.








Table 15-A.--Historic prices for selected citrus varieties
Variety
Early and Seedless grapefruit
mid'-season Late season Temple All
Crop year oranges oranges oranges Tangerines Tangelos (white) (colored)


1961-62
1962-63
1963-64
1964-65
1965-66
1966-67
1967-68
1968-69
1969-70
1970-71
1971-72
1972-73
1973-74
1974-75
1975-76
1976-77
1977-78
1978-79
1979-80
1980-81
1981-82
1982-83
1983-84
1984-85
1985-86
1986-87
1987-88
1988-89
1989-90
1990-91
1991-92
1992-93
1993-94
1994-95
1995-96
1996-97
1997-98
1998-99
1999-00'


$1.93
2.17
4.43
2.57
1.44
0.81
1.86
1.56
1.15
1.10
1.98
1.43
1.38
1.46
1.69
1.89
3.90
4.44
3.59
3.67
4.27
4.88
5.09
7.30
3.92
4.56
6.72
6.63
6.01
5.38
5.44
3.23
3.76
3.25
3.62
3.18
2.81
4.35
3.20


$1.81
3.50
4.45
2.28
1.79
1.08
2.28
1.83
1.13
1.91
2.11
1.71
1.59
1.82
1.88
2.63
4.40
4.95
3.89
4.63
4.29
5.41
6.72
6.88
3.97
6.02
8.73
8.41
6.53
6.58
6.65
3.88
4.61
4.41
5.57
4.07
4.88
5.58
4.52


$2.17
3.09
4.45
2.77
1.80
0.88
2.79
2.22
1.47
1.91
1.95
1.95
1.64
1.68
1.79
2.16
3.92
4.89
2.89
4.21
4.01
3.99
5.34
5.59
3.01
3.60
5.69
5.46
5.64
6.31
6.51
2.99
2.73
3.47
4.44
3.22
3.07
5.12
2.62


$2.04
3.02
3.18
2.68
2.14
1.06
4.29
2.55
2.23
1.88
2.97
2.37
2.82
3.05
3.02
3.29
4.79
4.99
4.25
5.45
6.23
7.57
5.93
15.91
12.69
10.92
12.99
12.64
15.28
17.10
18.00
13.75
9.83
11.98
12.59
7.99
8.49
12.07
6.90


$3.36
4.66
4.83
4.00
2.85
1.64
3.22
2.47
1.13
1.04
1.69
1.39
1.25
1.45
1.42
1.42
3.29
3.90
2.87
3.92
3.58
4.37
4.28
7.08
4.06
3.72
5.58
6.31
5.10
6.11
7.16
3.31
2.38
2.64
3.63
2.19
1.66
4.53
2.73


$0.68
1.29
2.24
1.51
1.39
0.73
2.05
0.98
1.72
1.89
2.27
2.06
1.58
1.55
1.29
1.49
1.47
2.21
3.12
3.46
1.92
1.51
2.08
3.02
3.56
4.45
5.35
4.33
5.21
4.59
6.46
2.22
3.23
2.58
2.14
1.12
0.93
1.95
4.20


$0.86
1.81
2.54
1.82
1.64
0.94
2.48
1.15
1.92
2.15
2.69
2.53
2.12
2.59
2.23
2.04
2.09
3.13
3.80
4.22
2.80
3.20
4.05
4.84
4.98
5.80
5.93
4.71
6.30
6.85
6.87
3.11
3.38
1.66
1.77
1.91
1.50
2.65
3.85


aOn-tree average price per box (1-3/5 bushel box equivalent) for all methods of sale minus pick and haul
charges.


'Navel and Hamlin
cParson Brown and Pineapple


dValencia

eMarsh (white) or pink


'Preliminary


Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.











Table 16-A.--Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity


Loan Interest rate paid on the loan
term
(years) 8.0% 8.5% 9.0% 9.5% 10.0% 10.5% 11.0% 11.5% 12.0% 12.5% 13.0% 13.5% 14.0% 14.5% 15.0%

1 926 922 917 913 909 905 901 897 893 889 885 881 877 873 870
2 1,783 1,771 1,759 1,747 1,754 1,724 1,713 1,701 1,690 1,679 1,668 1,657 1,647 1,636 1,626
3 2,577 2,554 2,531 2,509 2,487 2,465 2,444 2,423 2,402 2,381 2,361 2,341 2,322 2,302 2,283
4 3,312 3,276 3,240 3,204 3,170 3,136 3,102 3,070 3,037 3,006 2,974 2,944 2,914 2,884 2,855
5 3,993 3,941 3,890 3,840 3,791 3,743 3,696 3,650 3,605 3,561 3,517 3,475 3,433 3,392 3,352
6 4,623 4,554 4,486 4,420 4,355 4,292 4,230 4,170 4,111 4,054 3,998 3,942 3,889 3,836 3,784
7 5,206 5,119 5,033 4,950 4,868 4,789 4,712 4,640 4,564 4,492 4,423 4,355 4,288 4,224 4,160
8 5,747 5,639 5,535 5,433 5,335 5,239 5,146 5,056 4,968 4,882 4,799 4,718 4,639 4,562 4,487
9 6,247 6,119 5,995 5,875 5,759 5,646 5,537 5,431 5,328 5,228 5,132 5,038 4,946 4,858 4,772
10 6,710 6,561 6,418 6,279 6,145 6,015 5,889 5,768 5,650 5,536 5,426 5,319 5,216 5,116 5,019
11 7,139 6,969 6,805 6,647 6,495 6,348 6,207 6,070 5,938 5,810 5,687 5,568 5,453 5,341 5,234
12 7,536 7,345 7,161 6,984 6,814 6,650 6,492 6,341 6,194 6,054 5,918 5,787 5,660 5,538 5,421
13 7,904 7,691 7,487 7,291 7,103 6,923 6,750 6,583 6,424 6,270 6,122 5,979 5,842 5,710 5,583
14 8,244 8,010 7,786 7,572 7,367 7,170 6,982 6,801 6,628 6,462 6,302 6,149 6,002 5,861 5,724
15 8,559 8,304 8,061 7,828 7,606 7,394 7,191 6.997" 6,811 6,633 6,462 6,299 6,142 5,992 5,847
16 8,851 8,576 8,313 8,062 7,824 7,596 7,379 7,172 6,974 6,785 6,604 6,431 6,265 6,106 5,954
17 9,122 8,825 8,543 8,276 8,022 7,779 7,549 7,329 7,119 6,920 6,729 6,547 6,373 6,207 6,048
18 9,372 9,056 8,756 8,471 8,201 7,945 7,702 7,470 7,250 7,040 6,840 6,649 6,467 6,294 6,128
19 9,603 9,268 8,950 8,650 8,365 8,095 7,839 7,596 7,366 7,146 6,938 6,739 6,551 6,370 6,198
20 9,818 9,463 9,129 8,812 8,514 8,231 7,963 7.710' 7,469 7,241 7,025 6,819 6,623 6,437 6,259
25 10,675 10,234 9,823 9,438 9,077 8,739 8,422 8,123 7,843 7,579 7,330 7,095 6,873 6,663 6,464
30 11,258 10,747 10,274 9,835 9,427 9,047 8,868 8,364 8,055 7,766 7,496 7,242 7,003 6,778 6,566
35 11,655 11,088 10,567 10,087 9,644 9,234 8,855 8,503 8,175 7,870 7,586 7,320 7,070 6,836 6,617
40 11,925 11,315 10,757 10,247 9,779 9,348 8,951 8,587 8,244 7,928 7,634 7,361 7,105 6,866 6,642


"Example. Assumes a $10,000 after tax income at 11.5% interest rate and a 15-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $69,970
($6,997 x 10). At 11.5% interest rate and a 20-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $77,100 ($7,710 x 10).