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 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Acknowledgements
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Main
 Reference
 Addenda


FLAG IFAS PALMM UF



Budgeting costs and returns for Southwest Florida citrus production
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026155/00007
 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns for Southwest Florida citrus production
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Southwest Florida citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Muraro, R. P
Holcomb, Edgar D
University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food & Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1995
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Marketing -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Description based on: 1986-87; title from cover.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001596350
oclc - 21057551
notis - AHM0449
lccn - sn 91022495
System ID: UF00026155:00007

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgements
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Reference
        Page 17
    Addenda
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
Full Text





























































100
F637fe
El
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ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing processed-market round oranges and fresh-market
seedless grapefruit in the Southwest area of Florida are presented for the eighth consecutive year.
The format presented may be used by individual growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing
individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, budgeting, costs, round oranges, seedless grapefruit and Southwest
Florida.

NOTE: Southwest Florida refers primarily to Charlotte, Collier, Glades, Hendry and Lee
counties. However, the costs shown are applicable to other South Central Florida
counties such as DeSoto, Okeechobee, and Sarasota counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used
by growers-e.g., chemical mowing, new spray materials, higher rates of fertilization,
microsprinkler irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs shown may
be higher than reported in previous reports.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Tables 5 and 6 are
representative for mature Southwest Florida Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit
groves, respectively, the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ depending
upon the grove practices performed. For example, spot herbicide for grass/brush
regrowth under trees could add as much as $18.30 per acre; "skirting trees" or pruning
the lower branches could add $14.80 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or
tristeza could at least double, if not increase more, the tree replacement and care costs;
etc.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of Southwest
Florida who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.
















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing processed-market round oranges and fresh-market
seedless grapefruit in the Southwest area of Florida are presented for the eighth consecutive year.
The format presented may be used by individual growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing
individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, budgeting, costs, round oranges, seedless grapefruit and Southwest
Florida.

NOTE: Southwest Florida refers primarily to Charlotte, Collier, Glades, Hendry and Lee
counties. However, the costs shown are applicable to other South Central Florida
counties such as DeSoto, Okeechobee, and Sarasota counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used
by growers-e.g., chemical mowing, new spray materials, higher rates of fertilization,
microsprinkler irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs shown may
be higher than reported in previous reports.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Tables 5 and 6 are
representative for mature Southwest Florida Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit
groves, respectively, the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ depending
upon the grove practices performed. For example, spot herbicide for grass/brush
regrowth under trees could add as much as $18.30 per acre; "skirting trees" or pruning
the lower branches could add $14.80 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or
tristeza could at least double, if not increase more, the tree replacement and care costs;
etc.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of Southwest
Florida who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.


















TABLE OF CONTENTS




ABSTRACT ...................................................... 1

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ............................................ i

LIST OF TABLES ................................................ .ii

INTRODUCTION ................................................... 1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION .................................... 1

COSTS AND INPUTS ............................................... 1

THE GROVE SITUATION ............................................ 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS ..................................... 6

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS ........................................ 9

REFERENCES ................................................... 17

ADDENDA ....................................................... 18


NOTE: The ADDENDA includes a Listing of Grove Care Programs for
Southwest Florida Citrus Production for Both Round Oranges and
Grapefruit; 1996 custom rate summary report; cost of establishing a
citrus grove; etc. Page 18 is a list of the tables included in the
ADDENDA.


L- _

















LIST OF TABLES


Table page

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida
mature, round orange grove, 1995-96 ............................ 3

2 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida
mature, red seedless grapefruit grove, 1995-96 ...................... 4

3 Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for Hamlin oranges,
1995-96 ................................................. 5

4 Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for red seedless grapefruit,
1995-96 ................................................. 6

5 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Hamlin orange grove
producing for the processed market, Southwest Florida area, 1995-96 ...... 7

6 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, red seedless
grapefruit grove producing for the fresh market, Southwest Florida area,
1995-96 ................................................. 8

7 Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Hamlin oranges grown
for the processed juice market under three cultural cost programs, 1995-96 .. 10

8 Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Red grapefruit under
three cultural cost programs, 1995-96 ............................ 11

9 Estimated F.O.B. cost for fresh market Southwest Florida Red grapefruit,
1995-96 ................................................. 12

10 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and
returns for a mature, Hamlin orange grove producing citrus for processed
market in the Southwest Florida area, 1991-92-1995-96 ................ 13

11 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 1996 dollars) for a mature, Hamlin orange grove producing citrus
for processed market in the Southwest Florida area, 1991-92-1995-96 ...... 14

12 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and
returns for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh
fruit packing in the Southwest Florida area, 1991-92-1995-96 ............ 15

13 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 1996 dollars) for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove producing
citrus for fresh fruit packing in the Southwest Florida area, 1991-92-1995-96 16

iii










BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR SOUTHWEST
FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTION, 1995-96

Ronald P. Muraro, Fritz M. Roka, Robert E. Rouse, and Robert M. Turley

INTRODUCTION


Southwest Florida has become a major citrus production area. In 1994 citrus acreage in
Southwest Florida represented over 20% of total state citrus acreage. Acreage in Southwest Florida
increased from 96,986 in 1988 to 176,641 in 1994. Southwest Florida refers primarily to Charlotte,
Collier, Glades, Hendry and Lee counties. However, the costs shown are applicable to other South
Central Florida counties such as DeSoto, Okeechobee, and Sarasota counties.
Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions. Budget analysis can be used
to calculate potential profits from an operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation,
and to determine break-even prices. This report presents two budgets constructed from current
data and provides a format for growers to analyze costs and returns from their individual records.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom operators, input suppliers,
growers, and colleagues at both the Southwest Florida Research and Education Center and the
Citrus Research and Education Center in Lake Alfred. The survey is conducted annually in
February and March.


COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus growers as well as the
average of the data obtained from annual custom rate, chemical, and fertilizer surveys. Grower
costs are shown in the ADDENDA, Table 1-A through 7-A. The custom rate costs are shown in
Table 8-A and the various chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in Tables 9-A and 10-A in the
ADDENDA. Historic on-tree prices for selected citrus varieties are shown in 12-A. Although brand





RONALD P. MURARO is a Professor of Food and Resource Economics and Extension Farm
Management Economist stationed at the Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred. FRITZ M.
ROKA is an Assistant Professor in Economics, ROBERT E. ROUSE is an Associate Professor of
Horticulture, and ROBERT M. TURLEY is an Extension Agent, Multi-county; all three are stationed at
the Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, Immokalee.










names are used in many of the tables in the ADDENDA, this does not imply endorsement by the
University of Florida. It is merely an attempt to depict typical production practices.
All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to insert data from a particular
grove. This will allow a comparison of the grower's costs with those presented.


THE GROVE SITUATION


Production practices for Southwest Florida orange and grapefruit groves are shown in Tables
1 and 2, respectively, with the times during the year when they are normally performed. There are
two benefits to developing such a table for an individual grove. First, it shows what work is needed
and when, so that operations can be planned well in advance. Second, it can be helpful if an annual
cash flow analysis is developed to plan financing. The individual grower may benefit from
developing a plan for a particular grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it difficult to define a "typical"
grove. Many combinations of practices and various tree variety combinations produce acceptable
yields and returns. Although the examples represent Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit
groves, the cost and return data are designed to be applicable to most grove situations. A grower,
realtor, or land appraiser can substitute individual grove costs and expected returns into the budget
format and develop a budget for a particular grove. A "your cost" column is appropriately
provided for this purpose in subsequent tables.
In the following budget, above noted average management and cultural practices are assumed.
Beyond this general assumption, the following specifics are assumed:


1. A mature, low volume irrigated grove;
2. Varieties are processed-market Hamlin oranges and fresh-market red seedless
grapefruit;
3. Annual tree loss is 4 trees per acre for oranges and 3 trees per acre for grapefruit;
4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls below 50 percent of expected
yield;
5. Tree density is 116 trees per acre for oranges and 96 trees per acre for grapefruit.


As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will vary. The budget reflects the
following age distribution:











Table 1.-Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature, round orange grove, 1995-961

Month
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


20%
deposit


50%
Partial
navment


Less: Pick & haul cost X
DOC advertisement tax X
Grove exDns:
Disc


Chop
Mow X X X X X
Labor, general grove work, pull vines X X
Herbicide (1/2 grove acre equivalent) X X X
Sprai: Dormant
Post bloom/nutritional X
Supplemental mitidde
Summer oil/greasy spot x
Fall miticde X
Fertilizer 60# N/A 60# N/A 60# N/A Dolomite
Hedging and topping Hedge
Brush removal/mow brush Mow brush
Tree removal X
Young tree care X X X X X
Microsprinkler irrigation (times/week) 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1
Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X
Grove taxes including water management X
Interest expense X
Annual principal payment on mortgage X


Final
navment


This is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.











Table 2.-Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature, red seedless grapefruit grove, 1995-96
Month
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Total revenue: 20% Final
deposit payment
Less: Pick & haul cost X
DOC advertisement tax X
Grove expenses:
Disc
Chop
Mow X X X X X
Labor, general grove work, pull vines X X
Herbicide (1/2 grove acre equivalent) X X X
SIrax: Dormant
Post bloom/nutritional X
Supplemental miticide X
Summer oil/greasy spot X X
Fall miticide X
Fertilizer 60# N/A 60# N/A 60# N/A Dolomite
Hedging and topping Hedge
Brush removal/mow brush Mow brush
Tree removal X
Young tree care X X X X X
Microsprinkler irrigation (times/week) 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1
Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X
Grove taxes including water management X
Interest expense X
Annual principal payment on mortgage X
This is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.










Hamin Oranges
Situation Boxes/tree
3.5% pulled and reset 0.0
3.5% 1 year old 0.0
3.5% 2 years old 0.0
3.5% 3 years old 0.7
3.5% 4 years old 0.9
38.5% 5-15 years old 4.0
3.5% producing 50% of expected yield 2.8
40.5% over 15 years old 5.6
and
Red Seedless Grapfruit
Situation Boxes/tree
3% pulled and reset 0.0
3% 1 year old 0.0
3% 2 years old 0.0
3% 3 years old 1.0
3% 4 years old 1.7
33% 5-15 years old 4.5
3% producing 50% of expected yield 3.7
49% over 15 years old 7.4
Calculation of normal production per acre for Hamlin oranges and red seedless grapefruit are
shown in Tables 3 and 4, respectively.

Table 3.-Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for Hamlin oranges, 1995-96

Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes

Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. age! age -- -N ---
3 years 116 x 0.035 = 4.0 x 0.7 = 2.8
4 years 116 x 0.035 = 4.0 x 0.9 = 3.6
5-15 years 116 x 0.385 = 44.7 x 4.0 = 178.8
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 116 x 0.035 = 4.0 x 2.8 = 11.2
Over 16 years 116 x 0.405 = 47.0 x 5.6 = 262
Total boxes = 459.6
"Proportion adds up to 89.5 percent as 10.5 percent of the trees were non-bearing (pulled
and reset, 1 and 2 year old trees; see page 2).










Table 4.-Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for red seedless grapefruit,
1995-96
Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes
Total no. Proportion No. ea.
allag ea. a~age ag --No--
3 years 96 x 0.03 = 3.0 x 1.0 = 3.0
4 years 96 x 0.03 = 3.0 x 1.7 = 5.1
5-15 years 96 x 0.33 = 31.7 x 4.5 = 142.7
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 96 x 0.03 = 3.0 x 3.7 = 11.1
Over 16 years 96 x 0.49 = 47.0 x 7.4 = 3428
Total boxes = 509.7

"Proportion adds up to 91 percent as 9 percent of the trees were non-bearing (pulled and
reset, 1 and 2 year old trees; see page 5).

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS

The estimated budget costs and returns for the two Southwest Florida grove situations are shown
in Tables 5 and 6. The budgeted costs represent one possible citrus production program and were
selected from the costs shown in the ADDENDA tables. The gross revenue estimates are based on the
projected yields in Tables 3 and 4 and estimated preliminary on-tree prices for the 1995-96 season.
Historical on-tree prices for selected Florida citrus varieties are shown in Table 13-A of the
ADDENDA.
As shown in Table 5, the total revenue for processed-market Hamlin oranges is estimated to be
$1,720.40 per acre. Total specified costs are $828.54 and are comprised of grove care costs of $780.54,
plus management cost of $48.00. Return to land and trees of $891.86 represents net return above
variable costs. The break-even price required to cover grove care costs for Hamlin oranges range from
$2.23 to $1.42 per box on-tree and $0.69 to $0.56 per pounds solids delivered-in at 350 and 550 boxes
per acre, respectively.
In Table 6, total revenue for fresh market red seedless grapefruit is estimated to be $1,127.10 per
acre. Total specified costs are $920.28, being comprised of grove care costs of $872.28, plus
management cost of $48.00. Return to land, trees, and ownership or net return above fixed costs is
$206.82. The break-even price required to cover grove care costs for seedless grapefruit range from
$2.49 to $1.59 per box on-tree and $1.20 to $1.00 per pound solids delivered-in for eliminations at 350
and 550 boxes per acre, respectively.








Table 5.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Hamlin orange grove producing for the processed market, Southwest Florida area, 1995-96'

Item Description Amount Your cost

Dollars
I. Revenue 460 boxes @ $3.74b 1,720.40

II. Expenses

Weed control
Mow middles 3 times per year 22.11
Chemical mow (Table 2-A, Program #10) 2 times per year 21.80
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 21.82
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Program #1, #6, & #8) 128.33 194.06
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs #1 & #10) 116.41
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #4) 140.15
Dolomite (Table 6-A, Program #1) 10.63
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($320.00/hr. + 8 A/hr.) + 2.5 yrs. 16.00
Remove brush from trees ($21.07/A + 2.5 yrs.) 8.43
Hedging ($245.00/hr. + 8 A/hr.) + 2 yrs. 15.32
Mow brush ($16.25/A + 2 yrs.) j1J 47.88
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees 4 trees per acre 22.64
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 4 trees per acre 43.68
Supplemental fertilizer, sprout, etc. (Trees 1-3 years) Including application 4.24 106.56
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 7-A, Program #4) 133.35
Drainage ditch annual costs (Table 7-A, Program #5) 3.50f
Total grove care expenses 780.54
III. Management $4.00 per acre per month' 4.A

IV. Total specified costs' ZS.54

V. Return to land, trees, and ownership 891.86

VI. Break-even price for total grove care expenses

Boxes per acre Boxes per acre

35 400 45f 500 551 350 400 45M 5o 551

S On-tree rice per box $ Delivered-in price npr found solids'
2.23 1.95 1.73 1.56 1.42 0.69 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.56

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown In Tables 5 and 6 are representative for a mature Southwest Florida Hamlin range and red seedless Irapeftdt grove respectively,
the grove care cost for a specific grove site may differ depending upon the grove practices performed; e.g., a Temik application would add $119.26 per acre; estneive tree low due to blight or
triateza could at least double, if not Increase more, the tree replacement and care costs; etc. Also, truck watering of resets could add another $11.0 per acre (average S waterings).
bOn-tree price per box i preliminary; asume price for processed oranges only.
'Other methods to estimate a management cost-e.g., 5% of grow sales or 10% of total grove care cost-ore used in the Industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and
trees than reported here.
"Other cost Item which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes and Interest on grove investment. In addition to these cost Items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water
drainage/district taxes, crop Insurance, and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and
time of purchase or grove establishment.
'Aumnme 6.0 pounds solids per box and $1.90 pick and haul cost per box. Does not include Department of Citrus advertising assessment of $0.155 per box.








Table 6.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove producing for the fresh market, Southwest Florida area, 1995-96'

Item Description Amount Your cost

------- Dollars -----

I. Revenue 510 boxes @ $2.21' 1,127.10

H. Expenses

Weed control
Mow middles 3 times per year 22.11
Chemical mow (Table 2-A, Program #11) 2 times per year 21.80
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 21.82
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Program #1, #6, & #8) 12833 194.06
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs #1, #6, #10, 115, & #17) 248.94
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #3) 126.00
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Program #1) 10.63
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($320.00/hr. + 8 A/hr.) + 2.5 yrs. 16.00
Remove brush from trees ($21.07/A + 2.5 yrs.) 8.43
Hedging ($245.00/hr. + 8 A/hr.) + 2 yrs. 15.32
Removing/chop brush ($16.25/A + 2 yrs.) 8.13 47.88
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees 3 trees per acre 16.98
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 3 trees per acre 32.76
Supplemental fertilizer, etc. (Trees 1-3 years) Including application 30.18 79.92
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 7-A, Program #4) 133.35 0O
Drainage ditch annual costs (Table 7-A, Program #5) 31.50
Total grove care expenses 872.28

III. Management 5% of gross sales' 48.0_

IV. Total specified costs 920L28

V. Return to land, trees, and ownership 206.8

VI. Break-even price for total grove care expenses

Boxes per acre Boxes per acre

350 400 450 500 550 350 401 45o 501 55s

$ On-tree price per box $ Delivered-in mice per found solids for eliminations'

2.49 2.18 1.94 1.74 1.59 1.20 1.13 1.08 1.04 1.00

'Although the estimated annual per acre grove cots shown In Tables 5 and 6 ar representative for a mature Southwest Florida Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit grove, respectively,
the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ depending upon the grove practices performed; e.g., a Temik application would add $119.26 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or
tristeza could at least double, If not increase more, the tree replacement and care costs; etc. Also, truck watering of resets could add another $831 per acre (average S waterings).
Ontree price per box s preliminary; asumes average of all methods of sale (fresh and processed). Price assume 75% of fruit harvested packed fresh.
'Other methods to estimate a management cost-e.g., 5% of gross sales or 10% of total grove care costs-are used in the industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and
trees than reported here.
'Other cost Items which are not Included In the budget are ad valorem taxes and interest on grove investment. In addition to these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water
drainage/district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and
time of purchase or grove establishment.
Assumes 4.5 pound solids per box and $1.93 pick and haul cost per box includess spot picking and fruit drenching), $0.55 per box handling through pckinghoue, and $0.45 per box delivery
to processing plant.











Ad valorem taxes, and overhead and administrative costs (such as water drainage district taxes,
crop insurance, and other grower assessments) can add up to 12 percent of the total grove care costs.
These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, variety of fruit, etc. and should be
considered in arriving at a net return to land, trees, and ownership (total return minus total costs).
Harvest costs (pick, roadside, and hauling costs) also add to the total fruit cost delivered to either a
processing plant or fresh fruit packinghouse. Also, average annual debt payment (principal and
interest) may be as high as $530 per acre ($4,500 average debt per acre @ 10 percent interest amortized
over 20 years) which would reduce total available cash for grove expansion or other investment.
An estimated "delivered-in" costs are shown for processed oranges in Table 7 and fresh packed
red grapefruit in Table 8. "Delivered-in" costs include grove care costs (Tables 5 and 6) plus
harvesting, regulatory, and grower assessment costs. The "delivered-in" costs are presented as a cost
per acre, per box, and per pound solids or per carton. Three possible budget cost scenarios are
presented: 1) Typical/ Historical Fresh Cultural Program; 2) Reduced Cost Processed/Fresh Cultural
Program; and 3) Low Cost Processed Cultural Program. The first scenario represents typical costs of
grove practices which have been performed for citrus grown for the fresh fruit market. Scenarios 2
and 3 represent costs of two possible cultural programs directed toward reducing the expenditures
grown primarily for fruit for the processed market. Modified herbicide and/or spray and fertilizer
programs account for the reduced costs. NOTE: Before modifying a grove management program to
reduce costs. an evaluation of the market program (processed or fresh), yield. and specific cultural
problems (nutrition. disease. etc.) for the specific grove site should be made. Also, in Table 9, the total
estimated F.O.B. cost for fresh packed Red grapefruit is shown. The F.O.B. costs are presented for
"fresh fruit packout percentage rates" ranging from 50 percent to 100 percent.


HISTORICAL COST TRENDS


Annual budgets of costs and returns for mature, processed Hamlin oranges and mature fresh-
market seedless grapefruit in the Southwest Florida area have been developed and published in each
of the past three years. Estimated cost and return histories for 1991-92 through 1994-95 along with
1995-96, and a five-year average are presented in Tables 10 and 12. To allow comparisons in current
values, these same costs and returns, adjusted to 1996 dollars, are presented in Tables 11 and 13.










Table 7-Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Hamlin oranges grown for the processed juice market under three cultural cost programs,
1995-96

Processed Hamlin Oranges Processed Hamlin Oranges Processed Hamlin Oranges
Typical/Historical Reduced Cost Low Cost
Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Program

$/Acre $/Box $/P.S. $/Acre $/Box $/P.S. S/Acre $/Box $/P.S.
Total Production/Cultural Costs $ 810.49 $1.762 $0.2937 $ 780.54 $1.697 $0.2828 $ 721.50 $1.568 $0.2614

Interest on Operating (Cultural) Costs 40.52 0.088 0.0147 39.03 0.085 0.0141 36.08 0.078 0.0131

Management Costs 48.00 0.104 0.0174 48.00 0.104 0.0174 48.00 0.104 0.0174

Taxes/Regulatory Costs:
Property Tax and Water Management
District Tax 70.32 L.153 0.0255 70.32 0.5 0.0255 70.32 Q 3 0.0255

Total Direct Grower Costs $969.33 $2.107 $0.3512 $ 937.89 $2.039 $0.3398 $ 875.90 $1.904 $0.3174

Interest on Average Capital Investment Costs 396.05 .861 0.1435 396.0 5 435 396.05 0861 $0.1435

Total Grower Costs $1,365.38 $2.968 $0.4947 $1,333.94 $2.900 $0.4833 $1,271.95 $2.765 $0.4608

Harvesting and Assessment Costs:
Pick/Spot Pick, Roadside and Haul 874.00 1.900 0.3167 874.00 1.900 0.3167 874.00 1.900 0.3167
Fruit Drenching (Fresh) -
DOC Assessment 71.30 155 0.0258 0 0.155 00258 71.30 Q55 0.0258

Total Harvesting and Assessment Costs 945.30 2.055 0.3425 945.30 2.055 0.3425 945.30 2.055 0.3425

Total Delivered-In Cost $$2.30. 52 $0.832 $2 27924 $4.95 $828 $221725 $4 $0.


P.S. = Pound Solids Fall Miticide Spray; fertilizer Refer to cultural program shown Only summer spray with oil,
reduced to 225 pounds of nitrogen in Table 5. copper, and Agri-Mek; fertilizer
Yield: 460 boxes/acre @ 6.0 P.S. per box per acre. reduced to 180 pounds of
nitrogen per acre.









Table 8.-Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Red grapefruit under three cultural cost programs, 1995-96

Fresh Packed Red Grapefruit Fresh Packed Red Grapefruit Processed Red Grapefruit
Typical/Historical Reduced Cost Low Cost
Cultural Program Cultural Program Cultural Program

$/Acre $/Box $/Carton $/Acre $/Box S/Carton $/Acre $/Box $/P.S.
Total Production/Cultural Costs $872.28 $1.710 $0.8552 $ 854.58 $1.676 $0.8378 $ 721.50 $1.415 $0.3144

Interest on Operating (Cultural) Costs 43.61 0.086 0.0428 42.73 0.084 0.0419 36.08 0.071 0.0157

Management Costs 48.00 0.094 0.0471 48.00 0.094 0.0471 48.00 0.094 0.0209

Taxes/Regulatory Costs:
Property Tax and Water Management
District Tax 54.08 Q0.6 0.0530 54.08 0106 0.0530 54.08 Q 0.0530

Total Direct Grower Costs $1,017.97 $1.996 $0.9980 $ 999.39 $1.960 $0.9798 $ 859.66 $1.686 $0.4040

Interest on Average Capital Investment Costs 396.05 0.772 0.3883 396.05 .777 0.3883 396.05 022 $Q172

Total Grower Costs $1,414.02 $2.773 $1.3863 $1,395.44 $2.736 $1.3681 $1,255.71 $2.462 $0.5766

Harvesting and Assessment Costs:
Pick/Spot Pick, Roadside and Haul 918.00 1.800 0.9000 918.00 1.800 0.9000 918.00 1.800 0.4000
Fruit Drenching (Fresh) 66.30 0.130 0.0650 66.30 0.130 0.0650 -
DOC Assessment 178.50 10350 0.127 0 0350 0.1750 86.70 0.17 0.0378

Total Harvesting and Assessment Costs 1,162.80 2.280 1.1400 1,162.80 2.280 1.1400 1,004.70 1.970 0.4378

Total Delivered-In Cost $2.576. $ $25263 $2,558.24 $5 $25081 $2.26004 $L $1.0144


Two cartons per box Refer to cultural program shown Reduced cost of Supplemental Only summer spray with oil,
P.S. = Pound Solids in Table 6. Fall Miticide Spray. copper, and Agri-Mek.
Yield: 510 boxes/acre @ 4.5 P.S. per box
Assumes 100% packout Assumes 100% packout












Table 9.--Estimated F.O.B. cost for fresh market Southwest Florida Red grapefruit, 1995-96

Percent Packout 50.00% Percent Packout 60.00% Percent Packout 70.00%
Box Yield Per Acre 510 Box Yield Per Acre 510 Box Yield Per Acre 510

Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton

Total Production/
Cultural Costs $872.28 $3.421 $1.7104 $872.28 $2.851 $1.4253 $872.28 $2.443 $1.2217

Interest on Operating
(Cultural Costs) 41.99 0.165 0.0823 41.99 0.137 0.0686 41.99 0.118 0.0588

Management 48.00 0.188 0.0941 48.00 0.157 0.0784 48.00 0.134 0.0672

Taxes/Regulatory 54.08 0.212 0.1060 54.08 0.177 0.0884 54.08 0.151 0.0757

Interest on Average
Capital Investment 396.05 1.553 0.7766 396.05 1.294 0.6471 396.05 1.109 0.5547

Harvesting (Pick, Haul,
Etc.) and
DOC Assessment 1.162.80 4.560 22800 1.162.80 3.800 19000 1.162.80 2257 1,6286

Total Delivered-In Cost $2,575.20 $10.099 $5.0494 $2,575.20 $8.416 $4.2079 $2,575.20 $7.213 $3.6067

Packing & Selling 1,440.75 5.650 2.8250 1,728.90 5.650 2.8250 2,017.05 5.650 2.8250

Fresh Eliminations Costs
(Credit)' -66.30 0.2 -01300 -53.04 .173 -0.0867 -39.78 -0.0557

Total F.O.B. Costs $3.949.6 $189 $7.7444 $4.21.06 $1.92 $6.942 $4.2.4 $1252 $6.76

Percent Packout 80.00% Percent Packout 90.00% Percent Packout 100.00%
Box Yield Per Acre 510 Box Yield Per Acre 510 Box Yield Per Acre 510

Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton

Total Production/
Cultural Costs $872.28 $2.138 $1.0690 $872.28 $1.900 $0.9502 $872.28 $1.710 $0.8552

Interest on Operating
(Cultural) Costs 41.99 0.103 0.0515 41.99 0.091 0.0457 41.99 0.082 0.0412

Management 48.00 0.118 0.0588 48.00 0.105 0.0523 48.00 0.094 0.0471

Taxes/Regulatory 54.08 0.133 0.0663 54.08 0.118 0.0589 54.08 0.106 0.0530

Interest on Average
Capital Investment 396.05 0.971 0.4854 396.05 0.863 0.4314 396.05 0.777 0.3883

Harvesting (Pick, Haul,
Etc.) and
DOC Assessment J1,162.80 28 1.4250 1.162.80 2 1.2667 1162.80 228 1.1400

Total Delivered-In Cost $2,575.20 $6.312 $3.1559 $2,575.20 $5.610 $2.8052 $2,575.20 $5.049 $2.5247

Packing & Selling 2,305.20 5.650 2.8250 2,593.35 5.650 2.8250 2,881.50 5.650 2.8250

Fresh Eliminations Costs
(Credit) -26.52 -065 0.0325 -13.26 -.029 -00144 .00 0000 0 Q.

Total F.O.B. Costs $4U.8 $I1 i48 $5.1552 $iL2 $6158 $5456.7 $1J.99 $5.97

"Net Eliminations Cost" equals the average yield of 4.50 pound solids per box times $0.28 per pound solids less packinghouse elimination charge and
cannery hauling charge of $1.00 per box.












Table 10.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a mature, Hamlin orange grove
producing citrus for processed market in the Southwest Florida area, 1991-92-1995-96


On-tree Gross Total grove Total specified Net return to land,
Year price/box* Yield revenue care expenses costs' trees, and ownership

Dollars

1991-92 $5.09 460 2,341.40 783.32 831.32 1,510.08

1992-93 $3.16 460 1,453.60 779.92 827.92 625.68

1993-94 $3.57 460 1,642.20 750.99' 798.99 843.21

1994-95 $2.54 460 1,168.40 752.83' 800.83 367.57

1995-96 $3.74b 460 1,720.40 780.54' 828.54 891.86

5-yr. avg. $3.62 460 1,665.20 769.52 817.52 847.68

'On-tree prices for processed oranges only as reported by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
bPreliminary estimate by authors at time of printing and is not a published price.
'Represents a "reduced cost" cultural program which many citrus growers have employed. In 1995-96, the cost of fertilizer
materials and the supplemental maintenance costs of resets have increased substantially over previous years.
dA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not
included.












Table 11.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns (adjusted to 1996 dollars) for a mature,
Hamlin orange grove producing citrus for processed market in the Southwest Florida area, 1991-92-1995-96


Adjusted
Inflation on-tree Gross Total specified Net return to land,
Year factor index* price/box Yield revenue costs trees, and ownership

------- Dollars -

1991-92 110.8 $5.64 460 2,594.40 921.10 1,673.30

1992-93 109.3 $3.45 460 1,587.00 904.92 682.08

1993-94 107.9 $3.85 460 1,771.00 862.11 908.89

1994-95 104.2 $2.65 460 1,219.00 834.46 384.54

1995-96 100.0 $3.74 460 1,720.40 828.54 891.86

5-yr. avg. $3.87 460 1,780.20 870.23 909.97

"Producer price index for each year adjusted to 1996 prices (1996 = 100), with 1996 producer price index estimated to be 129.9.
Producer price index for other years are: 1992 = 117.2; 1993 = 118.9; 1994 = 120.4; and 1995 = 124.7.

bA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not
included. (Refer to Table 10.)












Table 12.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove
producing citrus for fresh market packing in the Southwest Florida area, 1991-92-1995-96


On-tree Gross Total grove Total specified Net return to land,
Year price/box* Yield revenue care expenses costs' trees, and ownership

Dollars

1991-92 $6.85 510 3,493.50 840.94 888.94 2,604.56

1992-93 $3.26 510 1,662.60 847.22 895.22 767.38

1993-94 $2.48 510 1,264.80 863.83 911.83 352.97

1994-95 $1.62 510 826.20 839.89 887.31 (61.11)

1995-96 $2.21b 510 1,127.10 872.28 920.28 206.82

5-yr. avg. $3.28 510 1,672.82 852.83 900.83 771.99

"On-tree prices for all sales methods as reported by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
bPreliminary estimate by authors at time of printing and is not a published price.
CA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month Is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not
included.












Table 13.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns (adjusted to 1996 dollars) for a mature,
red seedless grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh fruit packing in the Southwest Florida area, 1991-92-1995-96


Adjusted
Inflation on-tree Gross Total specified Net return to land,
Year factor index' price/box Yield revenue costs trees, and ownership

Dollars

1991-92 110.8 $7.59 510 3,870.90 984.95 2,885.95

1992-93 109.3 $3.56 510 1,815.60 978.48 837.12

1993-94 107.9 $2.68 510 1,366.80 983.86 382.94

1994-95 104.2 $1.69 510 861.90 924.58 (62.58)

1995-96 100.0 $2.21 510 1,127.10 920.28 206.82

5-yr. avg. $3.55 510 1,810.50 958.54 851.96

'Producer price index for each year adjusted to 1996 prices (1996 = 100), with 1996 producer price Index estimated to be 129.9.
Producer price index for other years are: 1992 = 117.2; 1993 = 118.9; 1994 = 120.4; and 1995 = 124.7.

bA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not
included. (Refer to Table 12.)










REFERENCES


1. Citrus Summary 1994-95. Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. Florida Agricultural Statistics.
Jan. 1996.

2. Knapp, J. L. (Ed.). 1996 Florida Citrus Pest Management Guide. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc.
SP 43. Gainesville: Jan. 1996. 69 pp.

3. Muraro, Ronald P. "A Listing of Estimated Comparative Southwest Florida Citrus Production
Costs Per Acre for 1995-1996." Lake Alfred Citrus Research and Education Center (CREC)
Report. Lake Alfred, FL: May 1996.

4. "Cost for Establishing, Planting, and Maintaining a Citrus Grove through Four Years
of Age, South Florida Flatwoods Area." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: Nov.
1989.

5.. "A Listing of 1996 Custom Rates Reported by Twenty-two Indian River and South
Florida Citrus Caretakers." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: May 1996.

6. Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Age. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8. Gainesville: 1960.

7. Tucker, D. P. H., A. K. Alva, L. K. Jackson, and T. A. Wheaton (Eds.). Nutrition of Florida
Citrus Trees. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP 169. Gainesville: 1995. 61 pp.






18



ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Programs for Southwest Florida Citrus Production for Both
Round Oranges and Grapefruit

Page

Table 1-A. Spray programs .......................................... 19

Post bloom spray ......................................... 19
Summer spray ........................................... 21
Fall spray .............................................. 22

Table 2-A. Herbicide ............................................... 23

Table 3-A. Dry fertilizer ............................................ 26

Table 4-A. Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application) ........................ 27

Table 5-A. Nematicides ....................................................... 27

Table 6-A. Soil amendment .......................................... 28

Table 7-A. Irrigation-annual cost per acre ................................ 28

Drip ................................................... 28
M icrosprinkler ........................................... 28
Drainage ditch annual costs .................................. 28

Table 8-A. A listing of 1996 custom rates reported by twenty-two Indian River and South
Florida citrus caretakers .................................... 29

Table 9-A. 1996 summary of average chemical price estimates ................... 31

Table 10-A. 1996 summary of average fertilizer price estimates ................... 33

Table 11-A. Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four
years of age, South Florida flatwoods area ........................ 35

Table 12-A. Historic prices for selected citrus varieties ........................ 36

Table 13-A. Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity ...... 37

Abbreviations for important chemicals are:

Cu = Copper Mn = Manganese
Fe = Iron Zn = Zinc
Mg = Magnesium N = Nitrogen











Table 1-A.-Spray programs


POST BLOOM SPRAY


Spray Program #1


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Zn
Mn

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Spray Program #2


Spray Program #3


Spray Program #4


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Zn, Mn, Nitrates
Micromite 25WP

Ground Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Ethion
Oil 97+ %

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Nitrate
Potassium Nitrate
Lorsban 4EC
Hystop (pH Reducer)

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs

150 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$20.40
3.70
3.40

19.88


$4IJ


Cost/Acre

$13.60
1.21
38.50

1732
$70.63


Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre

10 lbs
1 pt
1.25 lbs

100 gals


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
5 pts
3 gals

100 gals


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
3 qts
10 lbs
4 pts
1 pt

100 gals


Cost/Acre

$ 9.52
21.50
6.81

12I2


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 9.52
5.78
3.50
22.68
1.62


IL23


$tA2


_ I__ __~I_


__ ___I~~~~


_____I_______________I__ _~I_










Table 1-A.-Spray programs (cont'd.)

POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #5


Spray Program #6


Spray Program #7


Spray Program #8


Spray Program #9

(Scale insects)


Materials/Ingredients

Dicofol 4EC
Cu (50% metallic)

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Ethion
Cu (50% metallic)
Oil 97+ %

Ground Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Zn, Mn, Mg, Fe
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 4L

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Lorsban 4EC

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$29.40
13.60

2236


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$21.50
13.60
6.81


2236

$64.27


Amount
/Acre

5pts
10 lbs

250 gals


Amount
/Acre

5 pts
10 lbs
3 gals

250 GPA


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
4pts
6pts

500 gals


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs

150 gals


Amount
/Acre

7pts

500 gals


Cost/Acre

$ 9.52
4.87
25.80

22.06


Cost/Acre

$43.06

19.8S


$62.94


Cost/Acre

$39.69


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


27.0


I_


~_ ___ _- -- -------- ----- ------ --__l


- ---- ------------------ --- - ----------_ _


I __ _~ ~_











Table 1-A.-Spray programs (cont'd.)


SUMMER SPRAY


Spray Program #10


Spray Program #11


Spray Program #12


Spray Program #13


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+ %
Cu (50% copper)
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97+ %
Cu (50% metallic)
Agri-Mek

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% metallic)
Oil 97+%
Agri-Mek

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Kelthane MF

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$11.35
9.52
25.80


2236


Amount
/Acre
5 gals
7 lbs
6pts

250 gals


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
7 lbs
5 ozs

150 gals


Amount
/Acre
7 lbs
5 gals
10 ozs

250 gals


Amount
/Acre

6 pts

250 gals


Cost/Acre

$11.35
9.52
24.10

19.88


Cost/Acre

$ 9.52
11.35
48.20

2236


$2L43


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$35.28


22.6


__________ I_____ ____I__________________I_ ____C










FALL SPRAY


Spray Program #14


Materials/Ingredients

Agri-Mek

Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)

Total per Application


Spray Program #15


Materials/Ingredients

Thiolux 80 DF (sulfur)

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

10 ozs

50 gals


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs

15 GPA


Spray Program #16


Spray Program #17


Materials/Ingredients

Dicofol

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingedients

Vendex 4L

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$48.20

12.88


Cost/Acre
$10.20

7.50

$17.7


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre

6pts

15 GPA


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs

15 GPA


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$35.28

-72.

$am~2


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$43.06


$5.56


1____1____11___1_____------I------------


------I- ------ ---------------------------











Table 2-A.-Herbicide


Herbicide Program #1

(Strip/band)


Amount/
Treated Acre


Solicam 80DF
Karmex WP
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Herbicide Program #2


(Strip/band)


Surflan A80 DF
Simazine 4L
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Herbicide Program #3

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #4

(Strip/band)


Amount/
Treated Acre


Karmex WP
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre


Solicam 80DF
Simazine 4L
Roundup

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


'With respect to herbicide materials, Amount Per Grove Acre does not ual Amount Per Treated Acre
shown on the label as only a strip or band is being treated. In this report, it is assumed that only 50% or one-
half of a grove acre is being treated.


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


3 lbs
4 lbs
2 qts
2 pts


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
4 qts
2 qts
2pts


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$20.36
8.38
11.20
1.93

1014


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$14.48
6.68
11.20
1.93



$4443


4 lbs
2 qts
2 pts


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$ 8.38
11.20
1.93

10.14


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$54.28
6.68
5.60


8 lbs
4 qts
2pts


1014


=,










Table 2-A.-Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #5

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #6

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #7

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #8

(Strip/band)


Materials

Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

4 qts
2pts


Amount/
Materials Treated Acre


Krovar I
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Princep (Caliber 90)
Hyvar X
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Materials Treated Acre


Roundup
Princep (Caliber 90)
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


5 lbs
2 qts
2pts


Amount/
Treated Acre

4 lbs
6 lbs
2pts


2 qts
4 lbs
2 pts


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$22.40
1.93







Cost/
Grove Acre"


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


$23.00
11.20
1.93

1014


$4.27


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$ 6.78
44.28
1.93


10.14


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$11.20
6.78
1.93

10.14


____ 1____ __1- --- -------- -- __ --------- ----


- ---------- -- -- ----I--- -----I------ -----I-


- -- --~------- ------


--











Table 2-A.-Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #9

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #10

(Chemical mow)


Materials

Direx 4L
Solicam
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

3 qts
3 lbs
1 qt


Amount/
Treated Acre

1 pt
0.5 pt


Herbicide Program #11

(Chemical mow)


Herbicide Program #12

(Spot treatment)


Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for I Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

1.5 pts
0.5 pt


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
2 pts


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre

$ 7.86
20.36
1.93


10.14


$40.29


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acrem

$ 2.80
0.97


$10.90


Cost/
Grove Acre

$ 4.20
0.97


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


7.13


$2L3


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$11.20
1.93

5.00


$1.13


___


_ __I____________________I____~ _I


_ ___ _____- -------_ L___


__ I_ IIC__________________










Table 3-A.-Dry fertilizer


Program #1

(125 lbs N/Acre)


Program #2

(150 lbs N/Acre)


Program #3

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Program #4

(204 lbs N/Acre)


Program #5
(225 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied
12-2-12-2.4 MgO
Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

15-2-15-2.4 MgO
Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
15-2-15-2.4 MgO
Application
Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
17-4-17-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
15-2-15-2.4 MgO

Application
Total for 3 Applications


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 82.32


20.4

$o222


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 88.00
20.40
$10Q
$1.A


Amount
/Acre
1042 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre
1000 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre
1200 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre

1200 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1500 lbs

3 times


Cost/Acre
$105.60

20.40

$26.o


Cost/Acre
$119.75

20.40
%QA21


Cost/Acre

$132.00
20.40

U&N


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


=


1 _1__ _______- -------- ------- ---C


-~-_----- ---------------- __-I- ----I-









Table 4-A.-Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application)

Analysis/Material
Program #1 Applied

(180 lbs N/Acre) 10-0-10
Double Boom Application
Total for 3 Applications


Program #2

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Program #3
(180 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied
10-2-10
Double Boom Application
Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied
10-0-10
Solicam 80DF
Karmex WP
Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications

*Treated acre-one application


Amount
/Acre
1800 lbs
3 times


Amount
/Acre
1800 lbs
3 lbs*
4 lbs*
3 times


Cost/Acre

$108.00

35.01
$143.01


Cost/Acre

$102.60
20.36
8.38
35.01

$166.35


Table 5-A.-Nematicides


Analysis/Material
Applied
Temik 15G

Application

Total per Application


Program #1


Program #2


Program #3


Amount
/Acre
33 Ibs


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$106.26

13.00
$11926


Analysis/Material Amount
Applied /Acre Cost/Acre
Nemacur 15G 67 lbs $221.10

Application 13.00

Total per Application $234.1


Analysis/Material
Applied
Nemacur 15G

Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre
50 Ibs


Cost/Acre

$165.00
13.00
ULQQ


Amount
/Acre
1800 lbs
3 times


Cost/Acre
$102.60
35.01

$a=


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


=


1____1_______1___1___------------II~---- _. ____---










Table 6-A.-Soil amendment


Program #1
(Every 3 years)


Program #2
(Every year)


Analysis/Material
Applied
Dolomite (Delivered)
Application
Total for 1 Application

(Average 1/3 Ton Applied/Yr)


Analysis/Material
Applied
Dolomite (Delivered)
Application
Total per Application


Table 7-A.-Irrigation--annual cost per acre

DRIE
Program #1
Operating $31.24
(Electric)

Maintenance of System 39.36
Total Cash Expenses $ 70.60

Fixed Depreciation Expense 42.35

Total Cash and Fixed Expenses $112.9


MICROSPRINKLER


Operating


Maintenance of System
Total Cash Expenses

Fixed Depreciation Expense

Total Cash and Fixed Expenses

DRAINAGE DITCH ANNUAL COSTS


Program #3
$ 35.50
(Electric)
46.85

$ 82.35

52.94

$1&2


Amount
/Acre
1 ton
1 time


Amount
/Acre
1000 lbs


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


=


Ditches/Canals Maintenance ($35.56/acre + 3 years)
Weed Control in Ditches/Canals
Water Control: In/Out of Ditches and Canals
Total


Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #2
$28.14
(Diesel)

39.36
$67.50

45.25





Program #4
$ 29.94
(Diesel)
46.85
$ 76.79

56.56





Program #5

$11.85
10.95
1.20
$3L5


Cost/Acre
$24.95

6.94
$31.89
$10.63



Cost/Acre

$12.48

6.94

$1942


Your
Cost/Acre









Table 8-A.-A listing of 1996 custom rates reported by twenty-two Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate' Comments

CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT:


Hand Labor
Tractor/Equipment Operator (Driver)
Rotovate
Disc 7-8'
Disc 10'
Mow: Off-et or Side Mower
5-8'
9-10'
15-16'
V-Mower
Sickle Mower
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Single Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Single Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band-Double Boom)
Herbicide" (Chemical Mow)
Temik/Nemacur'
Plow
Backhoe
Vine Puller
Middle Buster
Mound Builder
Grader Blade
Bush Hog
Water Truck with Driver
Pickup Truck with Driver
Pickup Truck without Driver
Flatbed/Transport Truck with Driver
Tractor with Driver
Tractor without Driver


$8.50- $13.75
12.50- 18.00
27.50- 36.00
24.00- 35.00
25.00- 35.00

24.00- 32.00
25.00- 35.00
28.00- 41.00
25.00- 35.00

28.00- 36.50
11.00- 14.00
9.50- 12.50
6.15- 10.50
12.00- 15.00
24.00- 35.00
38.00- 50.00

24.00- 35.00
27.00- 35.00
24.00- 32.00
28.00- 35.00
26.00- 35.00
20.00- 25.00
10.00- 18.00
35.00- 50.00
25.00- 35.00
14.75- 15.00


$10.91 Plus transportation and equipment
14.61
31.63
28.03 Average $10.00/acre
28.33
35.00
26.88 Average $10.00/acre
29.68 Average $9.50/acre
32.80 Average $7.50/acre
30.11 Average $10.00/acre
31.00
29.79 Plus materials
12.40 Plus materials
11.42 Plus materials
8.04 Plus materials
13.00 Plus materials
28.40
42.05
26.00
28.29 With tractor and driver
31.00 With tractor and driver
27.38 Tractor/blade and driver
31.00 Average $10.00/acre
30.69
22.97 Average miles traveled per year: Pick-up truck 30,000 miles
13.33 Transport truck 15,000 miles
42.56 Average $1.25/mile; $100.00 per move
27.19
15.06


Hour $ $ $40.00 Includes tractor, handgun sprayer and 2 workers


Air Curtain Sprayer: $17.50/acre @ 25 GPA; Curtec Sprayer: $17.50/acre @ 25 GPA; Spectrum Sprayer: $18.00/acre @ 25 GPA

AIR BLAST SPRAYER

Engine Driven PTO Powered


Acre 32.88- 37.25 35.08 30.00- 36.50 33.73
Acre 25.00- 28.00 26.62 22.00- 27.00 25.25 Average $20/acre-250 GPA @ 2 MPH
Acre 20.00- 21.50 20.52 18.00- 22.00 19.75 Average $18/acre-125 GPA @ 2 MPH
Acre 17.50- 19.00 18.17


25.00- 33.00
32.00- 40.00
45.00- 65.00
58.00- 74.00
80.00- 82.00


29.33 500 gallon tank
36.56 500 gallon tank
54.83 500 gallon tank
65.33 500 gallon tank
80.67 500 gallon tank


Fixed Wing: $4.00/acre @ 5 gallons per acre
Fixed Wing: $5.00/acre @ 10 gallons per acre
Fixed Wing: $6.50/acre @ 15 gallons per acre
Fixed Wing: $8.50/acre 0 20 gallons per acre


Ground Application
Aerial Application

FERTILI7.ING:'

Liquid Boom Application:
Single Boom
Double Boom
Dry (Bulk)
Dry (Bulk)
Lime or Dolomite
Fertilize Young Trees:' Hand Spread
Fert. Spreader


Acre $ $ -
Acre 5.75- 9.00


$ 6.50
7.50


Acre $ $ $7.00
Acre 11.00- 12.50 11.75
Acre 6.00- 8.25 6.80 Average $32.13/hour
Ton 17.50- 18.50 18.00
Acre 6.00- 8.25 6.94
Hour 8.50- 13.75 10.91 Plus transportation; one reporting IOC/tree
Hour 25.00- 36.00 29.07 And materials; average $7.13/acre


One reporting travel to/from grove site at one hour per day of pickup truck rate.

(OVER)


Hand Sprayer


500 GPA
250 GPA
125 GPA
100 GPA


Dilute
2X
3X
4X
6X

Aerial
Aerial
Aerial
Aerial










Table 8-A.-A listing of 1996 custom rates reported by twenty-two Indian River and South Florida citru caretakers (cont'd.)

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate' Comments

IRRIGATION:


Ditch Cleaning Trac Hoe
Water Furrow Disc
Water Furrow Cleaner
Water Furrow Shaper (Laser Control)
Rotary Ditcher or Auger
Caterpillar Grader
4 Wheel ATV for microsprinkler with Driver
3 Wheel ATV for microsprinkler with Driver
Microsprinkler/Drip Irrigation Maintenance

REMOVING TREES:

Front End Loader
Tree Shearing (Cutting Tree at Ground
Level)
Vermeer Tree Spade for Relocating Trees

PRUNING:

General Pruning (Rehab/Freeze Damage)
Saw with Operator
Hedging:
Single Side (Tractor Pulled)
Single Side (Tractor Mounted)
Double Side (Tractor Pulled)
Double Side (Self Propelled)
Self Propelled Double Boom & Hedger
Topping:
Tractor Pulled
Tractor Mounted
Tractor Pulled

Double Sided Topper
Double Boom (Self Propelled)
Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer
Removing Brush:
Haul Brush out of Grove
Mow Brush

OTHER CUSTOM RATES:

Plant Trees (Solid Set)
Plant Trees (Resets)
Mechanic Labor
Travel/Setup Charge
Grove Management Charge/Month:
Supervising Grove Care Operations
Handling Fruit Marketing

Supervising/Handling Chemicals/Fertilizer

Consulting


Total Reported Acreage Provided Grove
Service to:


Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Acre/Month


$ -
26.50-
25.00-

28.00-

18.00-
15.00-
3.00-


$ $45.00 5 ft. bucket
35.00 30.73
35.00 30.30
70.00
35.00 31.67
48.00
25.00 20.89
18.00 16.83
3.50 3.15 Check & repair system; parts extra


Hour $ 40.00- $ 49.50 $45.30 Avg. range 5-20 trees per hour, bulldozer avg. $55.13/hr

Hour 45.00- 50.00 48.33 Avg. range 5-12 trees per hour
Hour 60.00



Tree $ $ $3.50
Hour 14.50- 22.00 17.83

Hour 87.00- 90.00 88.50 6 to 10 acres/hour
Hour 57.50- 70.00 63.75 4 to 8 acrea/hour
Hour 85.00- 97.50 93.90 4 to 15 acres/br; Double Side (Tractor Mounted): $220/hr
Hour 240.00- 250.00 245.00 8 to 20 acres/hour depending on wood size
Hour 335.00 12.to 30 acres/hour-bed top only; 8 to 20 acres-bed top
\ad furrow; depending on wood size
Hour 95.00- 100.00 96.90 2-5 ac/hr depending on wood size; $30.00/acre
Hour 150.00- 175.00 162.50
Hour 320.00 4to 10 acres/hour roof top; 10 to 20 acres flattop cut from
\bd tops
Hour 240.00 Avg. 8 to 15 acres depending on wood size type of cut
Hour 520.00 4 to 10 acres/hour roof top; 15 to 30 acres flattlogcut from
Hour 45.00- 57.00 50.67 3 to 5 acres/hr; one reporting avg. $12.50/ac \b tops

Hour 40.00- 48.00 44.29 Front-end loader
Hour 25.00- 38.00 34.57 Average $10.00/acre



Tree $ 0.60- $ 1.50 $ 1.10 Varies as to density
Tree 1.00- 2.50 2.17 Varies as to the number of resets
Hour 25.00- 40.00 31.10 Labor and service truck
Hour 26.40

Acre 3.00- 6.00 4.04 In addition to caretaking charges
Box 0.15- 0.25 0.20

10% to 15% of materials cost

$100 per hour for Horticultural Evaluation and/or Financial Analysis/prospectus.
$2 per acre for Pest Management/Regulatory Compliance in addition to management charge.


1,000- 7,000 2,617 Total acres reporting: 36,637


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, Lake Alfred CREC, May 1996.


'Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor and sprayer; supply truck included by most caretakers.

'Calculated by dividing the total number of careakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all
charges.







Table 9-A.--1996 summary of average chemical price estimates


Average
Item Unit Price

Fungicides: Aliette 80WP lb. 13.53
Benlate lb. 15.82
Basic Copper Sulfate (53%) lb. 1.36
Copper (50%) (Kocide 101) lb. 2.03
Copper (40%) (Kocide 606) gal. 14.63
Carbamate 76WP lb. 3.86
Oil 435 or 455 gal. 2.27
Ridomil 2E gal. 154.28
Ridomil 5G lb. 4.65
Insecticides/Nematicides:
Admire gal. 538.75
Agri-Mek (0.15EC) gal. 617.20
Carzol 92 SP lb. 29.75
Comite 6.55 EC gal. 77.55
Dicofol 4 EC gal. 47.06
Eclipse lb. 53.13
Ethion gal. 34.40
Guthion 2L gal. 30.76
Guthion 50WP lb. 8.01
Kelthane MF gal. 47.72
Logic Bait lb. 7.52
Lorsban 4EC gal. 45.34
Lorsban 15G lb. 1.85
Malathion 5 E gal. 21.53
Metasystox-R gal. 48.80
Methyl Bromide 98/2 (200 lbs.) lb. 1.15
Micromite 25WP lb. 30.80
Morestan 25WP lb. 13.80
Nemacur 3EC gal. 66.90
Nemacur 15G lb. 3.30
Sevin 80S lb. 4.30
Sevin XLR gal. 24.71
Sulphur 6F gal. 3.62
Sulphur Dust ton 326.67
Supracide 2 EC gal. 47.26
Temik 15G lb. 3.22
Thiolux 80 DF lb. 0.68
Vapam gal. 4.96
Vendex 50W lb. 21.53


(Continued on Reverse Side)







Table 9-A.--1996 summary of average chemical price estimates (cont'd.)
Average
Item Unit Price


Herbicides: DeVine pt. 75.00
Devrinol 50WP lb. 7.87
Direx 4L gal. 20.63
Eptam gal. 29.84
Fusilade DX gal. 141.34
Goal gal. 74.68
Gramoxone (Paraquat) gal. 36.51
Hyvar X lb. 14.76
Karmex lb. 4.19
Krovar I lb. 9.20
Princep (Caliber 90) lb. 3.39
Princep 4L gal. 15.13
Prowl gal. 28.58
Rodeo (30 gal drum) gal. 104.61
Roundup (30 gal drum) gal. 44.78
Simazine 4L gal. 13.33
Solicam lb. 13.57
Surflan AS gal. 57.90
Torpedo lE gal. 49.20
Touchdown gal. 63.25
Treflan gal. 32.90
Growth Regulators:
Citrus Fix gal. 400.99
Pro-Gibb 3.91% 20 oz. 41.72
Tre-Hold gal. 72.72
Other Spray Materials:
Borates (15%) lb. 0.77
Manganese (32%) lb. 0.34
Zinc (78%) lb. 0.74
Adjuvant (Surfactant) gal. 15.42
Nutritional Spray Mix:
Goemar BM 86 gal. 28.50
Goemar MZ 63 gal. 30.50
NutraLeaf (20-20-20) lb. 0.67
Sequestrene 138 FE lb. 10.70
Peter's 20-20-20 Foliar lb. 0.64
Key Plex 350 gal. 15.24
Dyna Gold MZF gal. 7.34
Soil Applied Iron Humate lb. 0.10


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University
of Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, May 1996.






Table 10-A.--1996 summary of average fertilizer price estimates
Average
Item Unit Price

FERTILIZER (FOB Price @ Plant) $
Slow Release (Young Tree)*
IBDU (N 31%) ton 800.00
Osmocote: 18-4-12 (NPK) ton 1,250.00
ESCOTE: (N 40%) ton 1,725.00
Nutralene/Hydrolene (N 40%) ton 932.80
Sulfur Coated Urea (39%-40% N)
Bulk ton 355.00
In Bags ton 385.00
Dry Mix (BulkW
17-0-17-3, ton 188.15
17-4-17-2.4, ton 196.56
16-0-16 ton 160.20
16-0-16-4, ton 190.76
16-2-16-3, ton 187.36
15-2-12-2.4, ton 175.28
12-2-12-2.4, ton 158.62
8-8-8 w/minors** ton 141.71
8-4-8 w/minors** ton 135.04
8-2-8 w/minors** ton 136.38
6-6-6 w/minors** ton 132.02
Liquid Mix (Bulk)
8-2-8 ton 104.80
8-4-8 ton 112.10
9-3-9 ton 116.30
9-4-9 ton 119.17
10-0-10 ton 113.80
10-2-10 ton 120.73
12-0-6 ton 121.27
12-3-6 ton 132.57

*Slow Release Elements are indicated in parenthesis.

**With organic nitrogen, the price averaged 25% higher.


(Continued on Reverse Side)








Table 10-A.--1996 summary of average fertilizer price estimates (cont'd.)

Average
Item Unit Price

Foliar N $
UNOCAL Plus (20% N) gal 1.45
Spray Grade Urea (46% N) ton 335.63
Spray Grade Urea (23% N) gal 0.95
Spray Grade Potassium Nitrate (14% N) ton (bags) 397.50
Other Fertilizer Materials (Bulk)
Ammonium Nitrate (21% N Liquid) ton 148.75
Ammonium Nitrate (33.5% N Dry) ton 211.67
Ammonium Sulfate (21% N) ton 129.00
Calcium Nitrate (19% Ca, 15.5% N) ton 209.00
Dolomite (at mine--49% CaCO3, 36% MgCO3) ton 15.00
Gypsum (at mine--20%-28% Ca) ton 16.00
High Cal Lime (at mine--36%-39% Ca) ton 16.75
Muriate of Potash (42% K) ton 139.00
Potassium Nitrate (14% N) ton 327.50
Sul-Po-Mag (SPM) ton 171.25
Super Phosphate (8% P) ton 150.67
Triple Superphosphate (19% P) ton 213.83
Average Delivery Cost ton 9.95
Double Liquid Boom Application Charge acre 11.50

SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University
of Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, May 1996.







Table 1 l-A.-Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four years of age, South Florida flatwoods area

Cost Per Acre

Range Average

$ $
Land Cost:' Improved Pasture Land 1,700-2,500 2,050
Raw Land and Semi-improved Pasture 1,150-1,800 1,450
Land Preparation: Pasture and Light Palmettos 125- 275 195
(Clearing) Raw Land (heavy pines, palmettos) 350- 600 465
Leveling: With Laser 200- 350 275
Without Laser 100- 250 160
Bedding: 2-rows (short rows 1,350+ feet) 100- 195 130
Soil Amendments: Dolomite 1 ton 35
Super Phosphate, 400 lbs. 30
Canals, Ditches and Dikes 150- 260 195
Reservoirs and Roads 130- 180 155
Throw-out Pumps for Water Movement 45- 60 55
Culverts 65- 135 85
Middle Drop Drainage Pipes 45- 95 105
Drainage Tile 140- 160 150
Cover Crop 9- 16 12
Irrigation System: Microsprinkler -- with Well2 850-1,500 1,000
without Well 525-1,200 700
Drip with Well2 775-1,050 875
-without Well 400- 825 560
Water Permits, Environmental Studies, and Engineering: Cost 40- 90 70
Time in Months 5- 12 8
Percent Land Utilization: Planted to Citrus 55%- 85% 71%
Ditches and Canals 5%- 10% 8%
Water Retention 10%- 30% 15%
Roads and Service Areas 3%- 15% 6%

South Florida

Year

1 2 3 4

Solidset Planted Trees' --------- Cost Per Tree---

Microsprinkler Irrigation and Ditch Maintenance $0.40 $0.50 $0.65 $0.85
Fertilize Tree 0.25 0.40 0.55 0.56
Supplemental Fertilization thru Irrigation 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.29
Spray 0.30 0.40 0.47 0.50
Insulated Tree Wrap (annual maintenance) 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.00
Sprouting (labor) 0.20 0.20 0.00 0.00
Cultivation/Mowing 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44
Herbicide 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54
Ridomil/Aliette 0.35 0.35 0.00 0.00
Miscellaneous _Q0 0.49 A042 048
Total Cost Per Year $3.31 $3.77 $3.62 $3.66

Reset Trees (annual additional grove care costs) $2.13 $2.47 $1.84

Cost of Planting Trees' Solidset = $5.00 Reset = $6.30

'Land cost will vary from one county to another as well as from one parcel to another.

Irrigation costs include distribution system, power unit and well (where indicated.) The higher cost ranges reported also included a cost for fertigation
equipment.

'The per tree costs shown are applicable for tree densities of 145 to 165 trees per acre. The per tree costs should be decreased for higher density plantings and
increased for lower density plantings; e.g., at 200 trees per acre decrease costs by 15%; at 115 trees per acre increase costs by 15 %.

*Tree cost (bare root) = $3.25; stake, plant, and water tree = $1.25 (solidset) and $2.55 (resets); and uninsulated tree wrap = $0.50.

Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, November 1989.








Table 12-A.-Historic prices' for selected citrus varieties

Variety

Earlyb and Seedless grapefruit"
mid'-season Late season Temple All
Crop year oranges oranges' oranges Tangerines Tangelos (white) (colored)


1961-62
1962-63
1963-64
1964-65
1965-66
1966-67
1967-68
1968-69
1969-70
1970-71
1971-72
1972-73
1973-74
1974-75
1975-76
1976-77
1977-78
1978-79
1979-80
1980-81
1981-82
1982-83
1983-84
1984-85
1985-86
1986-87
1987-88
1988-89
1989-90
1990-91
1991-92
1992-93
1993-94
1994-95'


$1.93
2.17
4.43
2.57
1.44
0.81
1.86
1.56
1.15
1.10
1.98
1.43
1.38
1.46
1.69
1.89
3.90
4.44
3.59
3.67
4.27
4.88
5.09
7.30
3.92
4.56
6.72
6.63
6.01
5.38
5.44
3.16
3.58
2.56


$1.81
3.50
4.45
2.28
1.79
1.08
2.28
1.83
1.13
1.91
2.11
1.71
1.59
1.82
1.88
2.63
4.40
4.95
3.89
4.63
4.29
5.41
6.72
6.88
3.97
6.02
8.73
8.41
6.53
6.58
6.65
3.88
4.61
4.29


$2.17
3.09
4.45
2.77
1.80
0.88
2.79
2.22
1.47
1.91
1.95
1.95
1.64
1.68
1.79
2.16
3.92
4.89
2.89
4.21
4.01
3.99
5.34
5.59
3.01
3.60
5.69
5.46
5.64
6.31
6.51
2.99
2.73
2.54


$2.04
3.02
3.18
2.68
2.14
1.06
4.29
2.55
2.23
1.88
2.97
2.37
2.82
3.05
3.02
3.29
4.79
4.99
4.25
5.45
6.23
7.57
5.93
15.91
12.69
10.92
12.99
12.64
15.28
17.10

18.00
13.75
9.83
11.51


$3.36
4.66
4.83
4.00
2.85
1.64
3.22
2.47
1.13
1.04
1.69
1.39
1.25
1.45
1.42
1.42
3.29
3.90
2.87
3.92
3.58
4.37
4.28
7.08
4.06
3.72
5.58
6.31
5.10
6.11

7.16
3.31
2.38
1.34


$0.68
1.29
2.24
1.51
1.39
0.73
2.05
0.98
1.72
1.89
2.27
2.06
1.58
1.55
1.29
1.49
1.47
2.21
3.12
3.46
1.92
1.51
2.08
3.02
3.56
4.45
5.35
4.33
5.21
4.59

6.46
2.22
2.84
1.78


$0.86
1.81
2.54
1.82
1.64
0.94
2.48
1.15
1.92
2.15
2.69
2.53
2.12
2.59
2.23
2.04
2.09
3.13
3.80
4.22
2.80
3.20
4.05
4.84
4.98
5.80
5.93
4.71
6.30
6.85

6.87
3.11
2.85
1.71


"On-tree average price per box (1-3/5 bushel box equivalent) for all methods of sale minus pick and haul
charges.


bNavel and Hamlin

"Parson Brown and Pineapple


dValencia


'Marsh (white) or pink


Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.


'Preliminary













Table 13-A.-Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity


Loan Interest rate paid on the loan
term
(years) 8.0% 8.5% 9.0% 9.5% 10.0% 10.5% 11.0% 11.5% 12.0% 12.5% 13.0% 13.5% 14.0% 14.5% 15.0%

1 926 922 917 913 909 905 901 897 893 889 885 881 877 873 870
2 1,783 1,771 1,759 1,747 1,754 1,724 1,713 1,701 1,690 1,679 1,668 1,657 1,647 1,636 1,626
3 2,577 2,554 2,531 2,509 2,487 2,465 2,444 2,423 2,402 2,381 2,361 2,341 2,322 2,302 2,283
4 3,312 3,276 3,240 3,204 3,170 3,136 3,102 3,070 3,037 3,006 2,974 2,944 2,914 2,884 2,855
5 3,993 3,941 3,890 3,840 3,791 3,743 3,696 3,650 3,605 3,561 3,517 3,475 3,433 3,392 3,352
6 4,623 4,554 4,486 4,420 4,355 4,292 4,230 4,170 4,111 4,054 3,998 3,942 3,889 3,836 3,784
7 5,206 5,119 5,033 4,950 4,868 4,789 4,712 4,640 4,564 4,492 4,423 4,355 4,288 4,224 4,160
8 5,747 5,639 5,535 5,433 5,335 5,239 5,146 5,056 4,968 4,882 4,799 4,718 4,639 4,562 4,487
9 6,247 6,119 5,995 5,875 5,759 5,646 5,537 5,431 5,328 5,228 5,132 5,038 4,946 4,858 4,772
10 6,710 6,561 6,418 6,279 6,145 6,015 5,889 5,768 5,650 5,536 5,426 5,319 5,216 5,116 5,019
11 7,139 6,969 6,805 6,647 6,495 6,348 6,207 6,070 5,938 5,810 5,687 5,568 5,453 5,341 5,234
12 7,536 7,345 7,161 6,984 6,814 6,650 6,492 6,341 6,194 6,054 5,918 5,787 5,660 5,538 5,421
13 7,904 7,691 7,487 7,291 7,103 6,923 6,750 6,583 6,424 6,270 6,122 5,979 5,842 5,710 5,583
14 8,244 8,010 7,786 7,572 7,367 7,170 6,982 6,801 6,628 6,462 6,302 6,149 6,002 5,861 5,724
15 8,559 8,304 8,061 7,828 7,606 7,394 7,191 6.~91 6,811 6,633 6,462 6,299 6,142 5,992 5,847
16 8,851 8,576 8,313 8,062 7,824 7,596 7,379 7,172 6,974 6,785 6,604 6,431 6,265 6,106 5,954
17 9,122 8,825 8,543 8,276 8,022 7,779 7,549 7,329 7,119 6,920 6,729 6,547 6,373 6,207 6,048
18 9,372 9,056 8,756 8,471 8,201 7,945 7,702 7,470 7,250 7,040 6,840 6,649 6,467 6,294 6,128
19 9,603 9,268 8,950 8,650 8,365 8,095 7,839 7,596 7,366 7,146 6,938 6,739 6,551 6,370 6,198
20 9,818 9,463 9,129 8,812 8,514 8,231 7,963 721." 7,469 7,241 7,025 6,819 6,623 6,437 6,259
25 10,675 10,234 9,823 9,438 9,077 8,739 8,422 8,123 7,843 7,579 7,330 7,095 6,873 6,663 6,464
30 11,258 10,747 10,274 9,835 9,427 9,047 8,868 8,364 8,055 7,766 7,496 7,242 7,003 6,778 6,566
35 11,655 11,088 10,567 10,087 9,644 9,234 8,855 8,503 8,175 7,870 7,586 7,320 7,070 6,836 6,617
40 11,925 11,315 10,757 10,247 9,779 9,348 8,951 8,587 8,244 7,928 7,634 7,361 7,105 6,866 6,642


"Example. Assumes a $10,000 after tax income at 11.5% interest rate and a 15-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $69,970
($6,997 x 10). At 11.5% interest rate and a 20-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $77,100 ($7,710 x 10).