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 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Acknowledgement
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Main
 Reference
 Addenda


FLAG IFAS PALMM UF



Budgeting costs and returns for Southwest Florida citrus production
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026155/00005
 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns for Southwest Florida citrus production
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Southwest Florida citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Muraro, R. P
Holcomb, Edgar D
University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food & Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1993
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Marketing -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Description based on: 1986-87; title from cover.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001596350
oclc - 21057551
notis - AHM0449
lccn - sn 91022495
System ID: UF00026155:00005

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgement
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Reference
        Page 17
    Addenda
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
Full Text
1^ 7 0
r3.7^
9Y- -


Ronald P. Muraro
Robert E. Rouse
Robert M. Turley


Economic Information
Report El 94-3

,, "' f ,



I/Orfid


Budgeting Costs and Returns

for Southwest Florida Citrus

Production, 1993-94


DOCUMENT
100
F637fe
1993/94
Food and Resource Economics Department
Agricultural Experiment Stations
Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville 32611


September 1994


stsOCUMuI


















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing processed-market round oranges and fresh-market
seedless grapefruit in the Southwest area of Florida are presented for the seventh consecutive year.
The format presented may be used by individual growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing
individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, budgeting, costs, round oranges, seedless grapefruit and Southwest
Florida.

NOTE: Southwest Florida refers primarily to Charlotte, Collier, Glades, Hendry and Lee
counties. However, the costs shown are applicable to other South Central Florida
counties such as DeSoto, Okeechobee, and Sarasota counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used
by growers--e.g., chemical mowing, new spray materials, higher rates of fertilization,
microsprinkler irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs shown
may be higher than reported in previous reports.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Tables 5 and 6 are
representative for a mature Southwest Florida Hamlin orange and red seedless
grapefruit groves, respectively, the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ
depending upon the grove practices performed. For example, spot herbicide for
grass/brush regrowth under trees could add as much as $17.14 per acre; "skirting trees"
or pruning the lower branches could add $11.35 per acre; extensive tree loss due to
blight or tristeza could at least double, if not increase more, the tree replacement and
care costs; etc.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of Southwest
Florida who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.


















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing processed-market round oranges and fresh-market
seedless grapefruit in the Southwest area of Florida are presented for the seventh consecutive year.
The format presented may be used by individual growers to budget costs and returns, utilizing
individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, budgeting, costs, round oranges, seedless grapefruit and Southwest
Florida.

NOTE: Southwest Florida refers primarily to Charlotte, Collier, Glades, Hendry and Lee
counties. However, the costs shown are applicable to other South Central Florida
counties such as DeSoto, Okeechobee, and Sarasota counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove practices being used
by growers--e.g., chemical mowing, new spray materials, higher rates of fertilization,
microsprinkler irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs shown
may be higher than reported in previous reports.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Tables 5 and 6 are
representative for a mature Southwest Florida Hamlin orange and red seedless
grapefruit groves, respectively, the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ
depending upon the grove practices performed. For example, spot herbicide for
grass/brush regrowth under trees could add as much as $17.14 per acre; "skirting trees"
or pruning the lower branches could add $11.35 per acre; extensive tree loss due to
blight or tristeza could at least double, if not increase more, the tree replacement and
care costs; etc.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to the citrus growers and production managers of Southwest
Florida who provided suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.

















TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

A BSTRA CT ............... ........................................... i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................................................. i

LIST OF TABLES ........................................................ iii

INTRODUCTION ....................................................... 1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION ........................................ 1

COSTS AND INPUTS .................................................... 1

THE GROVE SITUATION ................................................ 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS .......................................... 6

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS ............................................. 9

REFERENCES .......................................................... 17

ADDENDA ................................................ ............ 18


NOTE: The ADDENDA includes a Listing of Grove Care Programs for
Southwest Florida Citrus Production for Both Round Oranges and
Grapefruit; 1994 custom rate summary report; cost of establishing a
citrus grove; etc. Page 18 is a list of the tables included in the
ADDENDA.

















LIST OF TABLES


Table Page

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida
mature, round orange grove, 1993-94 ................................. 3

2 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida
mature, red seedless grapefruit grove, 1993-94 .................. ....... 4

3 Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for Hamlin oranges,
1993-94 ........................................................ 5

4 Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for red seedless grapefruit,
1993-94 ......................................................... 6

5 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Hamlin orange
grove producing for the processed market, Southwest Florida area, 1993-94 .... 7

6 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, red seedless
grapefruit grove producing for the fresh market, Southwest Florida area,
1993-94 ....................................................... 8

7 Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Hamlin oranges grown
for the processed juice market under three cultural cost programs, 1993-94 . 10

8 Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Red grapefruit under
three cultural cost programs, 1993-94 ................................. 11

9 Estimated F.O.B. cost for fresh market Southwest Florida Red grapefruit,
1993-94 ....................................................... 12

10 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and
returns for a mature, Hamlin orange grove producing citrus for processed
market in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90--1993-94 .................. 13

11 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 1994 dollars) for a mature, Hamlin orange grove producing citrus
for processed market in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90--1993-94 ....... 14

12 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and
returns for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh
fruit packing in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90--1993-94 ............. 15

13 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns
(adjusted to 1994 dollars) for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove producing
citrus for fresh fruit packing in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90--1993-94 16










BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR SOUTHWEST
FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTION, 1993-94

Ronald P. Muraro, Robert E. Rouse, and Robert M. Turley

INTRODUCTION


Southwest Florida has become a major citrus production area. As of 1992, over 157,000
'acres of citrus are located in this region. Continued expansion of citrus acreage is expected.
Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions. Budget analysis can be used
to calculate potential profits from an operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation,
and to determine break-even prices. This report presents two budgets constructed from current
data and provides a format for growers to analyze costs and returns from their individual records.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom operators, input suppliers,
growers, and colleagues at both the Southwest Florida Research and Education Center and the
Citrus Research and Education Center in Lake Alfred. The survey is conducted annually in
February and March.


COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus growers as well as the
average of the data obtained from annual custom rate, chemical, and fertilizer surveys. Grower
costs are shown in the ADDENDA, Table 1-A through 8-A. The custom rate costs are shown in
Table 9-A and the various chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in Tables 10-A and 11-A in the
ADDENDA. Historic on-tree prices for selected citrus varieties are shown in 12-A. Although
brand names are used in many of the tables in the ADDENDA, this does not imply endorsement
by the University of Florida. It is merely an attempt to depict typical production practices.
All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to insert data from a particular
grove. This will allow a comparison of the grower's costs with those presented.




RONALD P. MURARO is Associate Professor of Food and Resource Economics and
Extension Farm Management Economist stationed at the Citrus Research and Education Center,
Lake Alfred. ROBERT E. ROUSE is an Associate Professor of Horticulture and ROBERT M.
TURLEY is an Extension Agent, Multi-county; both are stationed at the Southwest Florida
Research and Education Center, Immokalee.










THE GROVE SITUATION


Production practices for Southwest Florida orange and grapefruit groves are shown in Tables
1 and 2, respectively, with the times during the year when they are normally performed. There are
two benefits to developing such a table for an individual grove. First, it shows what work is
needed and when, so that operations can be planned well in advance. Second, it can be helpful if
an annual cash flow analysis is developed to plan financing. The individual grower may benefit
from developing a plan for a particular grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it difficult to define a "typical"
grove. Many combinations of practices and various tree variety combinations produce acceptable
yields and returns. Although the examples represent a Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit
groves, the cost and return data are designed to be applicable to most grove situations. A grower,
realtor, or land appraiser can substitute individual grove costs and expected returns into the budget
format and develop a budget for a particular grove. A "your cost" column is appropriately
provided for this purpose in subsequent tables.
In the following budget, above noted average management and cultural practices are
assumed. Beyond this general assumption, the following specifics are assumed:
1. A mature, drip-irrigated grove;
2. Varieties are processed-market Hamlin oranges and fresh-market red seedless
grapefruit;
3. Annual tree loss is 4 trees per acre for oranges and 3 trees per acre for grapefruit;
4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls below 50 percent of expected
yield;
5. Tree density is 116 trees per acre for oranges and 96 trees per acre for grapefruit.
As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will vary. The budget reflects the
following age distribution:
Hamlin Oranges
Situation Boxes/tree
3.5% pulled and reset 0.0
3.5% 1 year old 0.0
3.5% 2 years old 0.0
3.5% 3 years old 0.7
3.5% 4 years old 0.9
38.5% 5-15 years old 4.0
3.5% producing 50% of expected yield 2.8
40.5% over 15 years old 5.6











Table 1.--Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature, round orange grove, 1993-94'

Month
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Total revenue:


20%
deposit


Less: Pick & haul cost

DOC advertisement tax


50%
Partial
payment
X

X


Final
payment


Grove expenses:
Disc


Chop

Mow X X X X X
Labor, general grove work, pull vines X X

Herbicide (1/2 grove acre equivalent) X X X

Spray: Dormant

Post bloom/nutritional X
Supplemental miticide

Summer oil/greasy spot X

Fall miticide X

Fertilizer 75# N/A 75# N/A 75# N/A Dolomite

Hedging and topping Hedge

Brush removal/mow brush Mow brush

Tree removal X

Young tree care X X X X X

Drip irrigation (times/week) 1 2 3 4 4 2 1 1 2 2 1 1

Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X

Grove taxes including water management X

Interest expense X

Annual principal payment on mortgage X


'This is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.










Table 2.--Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature, red seedless grapefruit grove, 1993-94'

Month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Total revenue: 20% Final
deposit payment

Less: Pick & haul cost X
DOC advertisement tax X

Grove expenses:
Disc
Chop
Mow X X X X X
Labor, general grove work, pull vines X X

Herbicide (1/2 grove acre equivalent) X X X
Spray: Dormant
Post bloom/nutritional X
Supplemental miticide X

Summer oil/greasy spot X X
Fall miticide X

Fertilizer 75# N/A 75# N/A 75# N/A Dolomite
Hedging and topping Hedge

Brush removal/mow brush Mow brush
Tree removal X

Young tree care X X X X X

Drip irrigation (times/week) 1 2 3 4 4 2 1 1 2 2 1 1

Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X

Grove taxes including water management X

Interest expense X

Annual principal payment on mortgage X

"This is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.










and
Red Seedless Grapefruit
Situation
3% pulled and reset
3% 1 year old
3% 2 years old
3% 3 years old
3% 4 years old
33% 5-15 years old
3% producing 50% of expected yield
49% over 15 years old


Boxes/tree
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.7
4.5
3.7
7.4


Calculation of normal production per acre for Hamlin oranges and red seedless grapefruit are
shown in Tables 3 and 4, respectively.


Table 3.--Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for Hanlin oranges, 1993-94

Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes

Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. age age ---------- No. --------
3 years 116 x 0.035 = 4.0 x 0.7 = 2.8
4 years 116 x 0.035 = 4.0 x 0.9 = 3.6

5-15 years 116 x 0.385 = 44.7 x 4.0 = 178.8

Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 116 x 0.035 = 4.0 x 2.8 = 11.2

Over 16 years 116 x 0.405 = 47.0 x 5.6 = 263.2

Total boxes = 459.6

"Proportion adds up to 89.5 percent as 10.5 percent of the trees were non-bearing (pulled and
reset, 1 and 2 year old trees; see page 2).










Table 4.--Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for red seedless grapefruit,
1993-94

Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes

Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. ageage ---------- No. --------
3 years 96 x 0.03 = 3.0 x 1.0 = 3.0
4 years 96 x 0.03 = 3.0 x 1.7 = 5.1
5-15 years 96 x 0.33 = 31.7 x 4.5 = 142.7
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 96 x 0.03 = 3.0 x 3.7 = 11.1
Over 16 years 96 x 0.49 = 47.0 x 7.4 = 347.8
Total boxes = 509.7

"Proportion adds up to 91 percent as 9 percent of the trees were non-bearing (pulled and
reset, 1 and 2 year old trees; see page 5).

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS


The estimated budget costs and returns for the two Southwest Florida grove situations are
shown in Tables 5 and 6. The budgeted costs represent one possible citrus production program and
were selected from the costs shown in the ADDENDA tables. The gross revenue estimates are based
on the projected yields in Tables 3 and 4 and estimated preliminary on-tree prices for the 1993-94
season. Historical on-tree prices for selected Florida citrus varieties are shown in Table 13-A of the
ADDENDA.
As shown in Table 5, the total revenue for processed-market Hamlin oranges is estimated to be
$1,518.00 per acre. Total specified costs are $840.11 and are comprised of grove care costs of
$792.11, plus management cost of $48.00. Return to land and trees of $677.89 represents net return
above variable costs. The break-even price required to cover grove care costs for Hamlin oranges
range from $2.26 to $1.44 per box on-tree and $0.68 to $0.54 per pounds solids delivered-in at 300
and 500 boxes per acre, respectively.
In Table 6, total revenue for fresh market red seedless grapefruit is estimated to be $1,524.90
per acre. Total specified costs are $911.83, being comprised of grove care costs of $863.83, plus
management cost of $48.00. Return to land, trees, and ownership or net return above fixed costs is
$613.07. The break-even price required to cover grove care costs for seedless grapefruit range from
$2.47 to $1.57 per box on-tree and $1.12 to $0.92 per pound solids delivered-in for eliminations at 350
and 550 boxes per acre, respectively.







Table 5.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, Hamlin orange grove producing for the processed market, Southwest Florida area, 1993-94'

Item Description Amount Your cost

--------------------- Dollars -----------------------

I. Revenue 460 boxes @ $330' 1,518.00

II. Expenses

Weed control
Mow middles 3 times per year 2235
Chemical mow (Table 2-A, Program #11) 2 times per year 23.44
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 22.46
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Program #1, #7, & #9) 12634 194.49
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs #1, #11 & #18) 160.06
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #5) 122.25
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Program #1) 1237
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($302.50/hr. + 8.0 A/hr.) + 2.5 yrs. 15.12
Remove brush from trees ($19.11/A + 2.5 yrs.) 7.64
Hedging ($246.47/hr. + 8.0 A/hr.) + 2 yrs. 15.42
Mow brush ($14.75/A + 2 yrs.) 738 45.56
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees 4 trees per acre 22.80
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 4 trees per acre 42.88
Supplemental fertilizer, sprout, Ridomil/Aliette, etc. (Trees 1-3 years) Including application 35.13 100.81
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 8-A, Program #4) 127.79
Drainage ditch annual costs (Table 8-A, Program #5) 28.78 __
Total grove care expenses 792.11

III. Management $4.00 per acre per month' 48.00

IV. Total specified costs 840.11

V. Return to land, trees, and ownership 677.89

VI. Break-even price for total grove care expenses

Boxes per acre Boxes per acre

350 400 450 500 550 350 400 450 500 550

$ On-tree price per box $ Delivered-in price per pound solids'

2.26 1.98 1.76 158 1.44 0.68 0.63 0.59 0.56 0.54

'Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Tables 5 and 6 are representative for a mature Southwest Florida Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit grove, respectively, the grove
care costs for a specific grove site may differ depending upon the grove practices performed; e.g., a Temik application would add $126.84 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza could at least
double, if not increase more, the tree replacement and care costs; etc. Also, truck watering of resets could add another $10.13 per acre (average 5 waterings).
'On-tree price per box is preliminary; assumes price for processed oranges only.
"Other methods to estimate a management cost--e.g., 5% of gross sales or 10% of total grove care costs--are used in the industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and trees than
reported here.
'Other cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes and interest on grove investment. In addition to these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water
drainage/district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and time of
purchase or grove establishment.
'Assumes 6.0 pounds solids per box and $1.80 pick and haul cost per box.







Table 6.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove producing for the fresh market, Southwest Florida area, 1993-94'

Item Description Amount Your cost

----------------------- Dollars -----------------------

I. Revenue 510 boxes @ $2.99' 1,524.90

II. Expenses

Weed control
Mow middles 3 times per year 2235
Chemical mow (Table 2-A, Program #11) 2 times per year 23.44
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 22.46
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Program #1, #7, & #9) 12624 194.49
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs #1, #7, #11, #17 & 18) 261.48
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #2) 117.75
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Program #1) 1237
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($30250/hr. + 8.0 A/hr.) + 2.5 yrs. 15.12
Remove brush from trees ($19.11/A + 2.5 yrs.) 7.64
Hedging ($246.47/hr. + 8.0 A/hr.) 2 yrs. 15.42
Removing/chop brush ($14.75/A + 2 yrs.) 738 4556
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees 3 trees per acre 17.10
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 3 trees per acre 32.16
Supplemental fertilizer, Ridomil/Aliette, etc. (Trees 1-3 years) Including application 2635 75.61
Microsprinkler irrigation (Table 8-A, Program #4) 127.79
Drainage ditch annual costs (Table 8-A, Program #5) 28.78 __
Total grove care expenses 863.83

III. Management 5% of gross sales' 48.00

IV. Total specified costs 911.83

V. Return to land, trees, and ownership 613.07

VI. Break-even price for total grove care expenses

Boxes per acre Boxes per acre

350 400 450 500 550 350 400 450 500 550

$ On-tree price per box $ Delivered-in price per pound solids for eliminations'

2.47 2.16 1.92 1.73 157 1.12 1.05 1.00 0.95 0.92

'Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Tables 5 and 6 are representative for a mature Southwest Florida Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit grove, respectively, the grove
care costs for a specific grove site may differ depending upon the grove practices performed e.g., a Temik application would add $126.84 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or tristeza could at least
double, if not increase more, the tree replacement and care costs; etc. Also, truck watering of resets could add another $7.62 per acre (average 5 waterings).
'On-tree price per box is preliminary; assumes average of all methods of sale (fresh and processed). Price assumes 75% of fruit harvested packed fresh.
"Other methods to estimate a management cost--e.g., 5% of gross sales or 10% of total grove care costs--are used in the industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and trees than
reported here.
'Other cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes and interest on grove investment. In addition to these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water
drainage/district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, and time of
purchase or grove establishment.
'Assumes 4.5 pounds solids per box and $1.70 pick and haul cost per box, $0.45 per box handling through packinghouse, and $0.40 per box delivery to processing plant.










Ad valorem taxes, and overhead and administrative costs (such as water drainage district taxes,
crop insurance, and other grower assessments) can add up to 12 percent of the total grove care costs.
These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location, variety of fruit, etc. and should be
considered in arriving at a net return to land, trees, and ownership (total return minus total costs).
Harvest costs (pick, roadside, and hauling costs) also add to the total fruit cost delivered to either a
processing plant or fresh fruit packinghouse. Also, average annual debt payment (principal and
interest) may be as high as $530 per acre ($4,500 average debt per acre @ 10 percent interest
amortized over 20 years) which would reduce total available cash for grove expansion or other
investment.
An estimated "delivered-in" costs which includes the above mentioned additional costs
(cultural/production costs, management and regulatory costs and harvesting costs) are shown in Table
7 (processed Hamlin oranges) and in Table 8 (both fresh packed and processed Red grapefruit). The
"delivered-in" costs are presented as a cost per acre, per box, and per pound solids or per carton.
Three possible budget cost scenarios are presented: 1) Typical/Historical Processed/Fresh Cultural
Program; 2) Reduced Cost Processed/Fresh Cultural Program; and 3) Low Cost Processed Cultural
Program. The first scenario represents typical costs of grove practices which have been performed
during the 1980's and 1990's. Scenarios 2 and 3 represent costs of two possible cultural programs
directed toward reducing the expenditures during a low on-tree fruit price year. Modified spray and
fertilizer programs account for the reduced costs. NOTE: Before modifying a grove management
program to reduce costs, an evaluation of the market program (processed or fresh), yield, and specific
cultural problems (nutrition, disease, etc.) for the specific grove site should be made. Also, in Table
9, the total estimated F.O.B. cost for fresh packed Red grapefruit is shown. The F.O.B. costs are
presented for "fresh fruit packout percentage rates" ranging from 50 percent to 100 percent.


HISTORICAL COST TRENDS


Annual budgets of costs and returns for mature, processed Hamlin oranges and mature fresh-
market seedless grapefruit in the Southwest Florida area have been developed and published in each
of the past three years. Estimated cost and return histories for 1989-90 through 1992-93 along with
1993-94, and a five-year average are presented in Tables 10 and 12. To allow comparisons in current
values, these same costs and returns, adjusted to 1994 dollars, are presented in Tables 11 and 13.









Table 7--Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Hamlin oranges grown for the processed juice market under three cultural cost
programs, 1993-94


Total Production/Cultural Costs

Interest on Operating (Cultural) Costs

Management Costs

Taxes/Regulatory Costs:
Property Tax
Water Drainage

Total Taxes/Regulatory Costs

Total Direct Grower Costs

Interest on Average Capital Investment Costs

Total Grower Costs

Harvesting Costs:
Pick, Roadside and Haul

Total Delivered-In Cost


Processed Hamlin Oranges
Typical/Historical
Cultural Program


$/Acre

$ 792.11

39.61

48.00


85.76
60.12

145.88

$1,025.60

396.05

$1,421.65


828.00

s2.249.65


$/Box

$1.722

0.086

0.104


0.186
0.131

0.317

$2.230

0.861

$3.091


1.800

$4.891


$/P.S.

$0.2870

0.0143

0.0174


0.0311
0.0218

0.0529

$0.3716

0.1435

$0.5151


0.3000

$0.8151


Processed Hamlin Oranges
Reduced Cost
Cultural Program


I 1~


$/Acre $/Box $/P.S.

$ 730.59 $1.588 $0.2647

36.53 0.079 0.0132

48.00 0.104 0.0174


85.76
60.12

145.88

$ 961.00

396.05

$1,357.05


828.00

$2,185.05


0.186
0.131

0.317

$2.089

0.861

$2.950


1.800

$4.750


0.0311
0.0218

0.0529

$0.3482

0.1435

$0.4917


0.3000

$0.7917


Processed Hamlin Oranges
Low Cost
Cultural Program


$/Acre $/Box


$ 687.30

34.37

48.00


85.76
60.12

145.88

$ 915.55

396.05

$1,311.60


828.00

$2.139.60


$1.494

0.075

0.104


0.186
0.131

0.317

$1.990

0.861

$2.851


1.800

$4.651


$/P.S.

$0.2490

0.0125

0.0174


0.0311
0.0218

0.0529

$0.3317

$0.1435

$0.4752


0.3000

$0.7752


P.S. = Pound Solids Refer to cultural program No fall miticide spray; fertilizer Only summer spray with oil,
shown in Table 5. reduced to 180 pounds of copper, and Agri-mek;
Yield: 460 boxes/acre @ 6.0 P.S. per box nitrogen per acre. fertilizer reduced to 150
pounds of nitrogen per acre.








Table 8.--Estimated total delivered-in cost for Southwest Florida Red grapefruit under three cultural cost programs, 1993-94


Total Production/Cultural Costs

Interest on Operating (Cultural) Costs

Management Costs

Taxes/Regulatory Costs:
Property Tax
Water Drainage

Total Taxes/Regulatory Costs

Total Direct Grower Costs

Interest on Average Capital Investment Costs

Total Grower Costs

Harvesting Costs:
Pick/Spot Pick, Roadside and Haul
Fruit Drenching (Fresh)

Total Harvesting Costs

Total Delivered-In Cost


Fresh Packed Red Grapefruit
Typical/Historical
Cultural Program

$/Acre $/Box $/Carton


$ 863.83

43.19


$1.694

0.085


$0.8469

0.0423


48.00 0.094 0.0471


85.76
60.12

145.88

$1,100.90

396.05

$1,496.95


892.50
66.30

958.80


0.168
0.118

0.286

$2.159

0.777

$2.935


1.750
0.130

1.880


0.0841
0.0589

0.1430

$1.0793

0.3883

$1.4676


0.8750
0.0650

0.9400


$2455.75 $4.815 $2.4076


Fresh Packed Red Grapefruit
Reduced Cost
Cultural Program

$/Acre $/Box $/Carton

$ 806.46 $1.581 $0.7906

40.32 0.079 0.0395

48.00 0.094 0.0471


85.76
60.12

145.88

$1,040.66

396.05

$1,436.71


892.50
66.30

958.80


0.168
0.118

0.286

$2.041

0.777

$2.817


1.750
0.130

1.880


0.0841
0.0589

0.1430

$1.0203

0.3883

$1.4085


0.8750
0.0650

0.9400


$2395.51 $4.697 $2.3485


Processed Red Grapefruit
Low Cost
Cultural Program


$/Acre $/Box


$ 687.30

34.37


$1.348

0.067


$/P.S.

$0.2995

0.0150


48.00 0.094 0.0209


85.76
60.12

145.88

$ 915.55

396.05

$1311.60


841.50


841.50


0.168
0.118

0.286

$1.795

0.777

$2.572


1.650


1.650


0.0374
0.0262

0.0636

$0.3989

$0.1726

$0.5715


0.3667


0.3667


$2153.10 $4.222 $0.9382


Two cartons per box Refer to cultural program No fall miticide spray; fertilizer Only summer spray with oil,
P.S. = Pound Solids shown in Table 6. reduced to 150 pounds of copper, and Agri-mek;
Yield: 510 boxes/acre @ 4.5 P.S. per box nitrogen per acre. fertilizer reduced to 150
Assumes 100% packout Assumes 100% packout pounds of nitrogen per acre.












Table 9.-Estimated F.O.B. cost for fresh market Southwest Florida Red grapefruit, 1993-94

Percent Packout 50.00% Percent Packout 60.00% Percent Packout 70.00%
Box Yield Per Acre 510 Box Yield Per Acre 510 Box Yield Per Acre 510

Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton

Total Production/
Cultural Costs $863.83 $3.39 $1.6938 $863.83 $2.82 $1.4115 $863.83 $2.42 $1.2098

Interest on Operating
(Cultural Costs) 43.19 0.17 0.0847 43.19 0.14 0.0706 43.19 0.12 0.0605

Management 48.00 0.19 0.0941 48.00 0.16 0.0784 48.00 0.13 0.0672

Taxes/Regulatory 145.88 0.57 0.2860 145.88 0.48 0.2384 145.88 0.41 0.2043

Interest on Average
Capital Investment 396.05 1.55 0.7766 396.05 1.29 0.6471 396.05 1.11 0.5547

Harvesting (Pick, Haul,
Etc.) 958.80 3.76 1.8800 958.80 3.13 1.5667 958.80 2.69 1.3429

Total Delivered-In Cost $2,455.75 $ 9.63 $4.8152 $2,455.75 $8.03 $4.0127 $2,455.75 $6.88 $3.4394

Packing & Selling 1,428.00 5.60 2.8000 1,713.60 5.60 2.8000 1,999.20 5.60 2.8000

Net Fresh Eliminations
Costs (112.20 -0.44 -0.2200 89.76 -0.29 -0.1467 (67.32 -0.19 -00943

Total F.O.B. Costs $3,771.55 $14.79 $7.3952 $079.59 $13.33 $6.6660 $4387.63 $12.29 $6.1451

Percent Packout 80.00% Percent Packout 90.00% Percent Packout 100.00%
Box Yield Per Acre 510 Box Yield Per Acre 510 Box Yield Per Acre 510

Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton Per Acre Per Box Per Carton

Total Production/
Cultural Costs $863.83 $2.12 $1.0586 $863.83 $1.88 $0.9410 $863.83 $1.69 $0.8469

Interest on Operating
(Cultural) Costs 43.19 0.11 0.0529 43.19 0.09 0.0470 43.19 0.08 0.0423

Management 48.00 0.12 0.0588 48.00 0.10 0.0523 48.00 0.09 0.0471

Taxes/Regulatory 145.88 0.36 0.1788 145.88 0.32 0.1589 145.88 0.29 0.1430

Interest on Average
Capital Investment 396.05 0.97 0.4854 396.05 0.86 0.4314 396.05 0.78 0.3883

Harvesting (Pick, Haul,
Etc.) 958.80 2.35 1.1750 958.80 2.09 1.0444 958.80 1.88 0.9400

Total Delivered-In Cost $2,455.75 $6.02 $3.0095 $2,455.75 $5.35 $2.6751 $2,455.75 $4.82 $2.4076

Packing & Selling 2,284.80 5.60 2.8000 2,570.40 5.60 2.8000 2,856.00 5.60 2.8000

Fresh Eliminations (44.88) -0.11 -0.0550 (22.44 -0.05 -0.0244 0.00 0.00 0.0000

Total F.O.B. Costs $4 695.67 $11.51 $5.7545 $5,003.71 $10.90 $5.4507 $5311.75 $10.42 $5.2076

'Represents a "net eliminations cost"; i.e., average yield of 4.50 pound solids per box times $0.40 per pound solids less a 20.00% elimination
price discount.












Table 10.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a mature, Hamlin orange grove
producing citrus for processed market in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90--1993-94


On-tree
Year price/box" Yield


Gross Total grove Total special
revenue care expenses costs

----------------------Dollars -------


fied Net return to land,
trees, and ownership
----------------------.-------


1989-90 $5.74 460 2,640.40 739.00 787.00 1,853.40


1990-91 $5.79 460 2,663.40 762.15 810.15 1,853.25


1991-92 $5.09 460 2,341.40 783.32 831.32 1,510.08


1992-93 $2.15 460 989.00 779.92 827.92 161.08


1993-94 $3.30b 460 1,518.00 792.11 840.11 677.89


5-yr. avg. $4.41 460 2,028.60 771.30 819.30 1,209.30


aOn-tree prices for processed oranges only as reported by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
bPreliminary estimate by authors at time of printing and is not a published price.

CA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not
included.











Table ll.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns (adjusted to 1994 dollars) for a mature,
Hamlin orange grove producing citrus for processed market in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90--1993-94


Inflation On-tree Gross Total specified Net return to land,
Year factor index" price/box Yield revenue costs trees, and ownership
------------------------------ Dollars --------------------


1989-90 103.4 $5.94 460 2,732.40 813.76 1,918.64

1990-91 103.3 $5.98 460 2,750.80 836.88 1,913.92

1991-92 102.6 $5.22 460 2,401.20 852.93 1,548.27

1992-93 101.2 $2.18 460 1,002.80 837.86 164.94

1993-94 100.0 $3.30 460 1,518.00 840.11 677.89

5-yr. avg. -- $4.52 460 2,079.20 836.31 1,242.89

'Producer price index for each year adjusted to 1994 prices (1994 = 100), with 1994 producer price index estimated to be 120.3.
Producer price index for other years are: 1990 = 116.3; 1991 = 116.5; 1992 = 117.2; and 1993 = 118.9.

bA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not
included. (Refer to Table 10.)











Table 12.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove
producing citrus for fresh market packing in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90--1993-94


On-tree Gross Total grove Total specified Net return to land,
Year price/box* Yield revenue care expenses costs' trees, and ownership
---------- ----------------------Dollars ----------------------------------


1989-90 $8.09 510 4,125.90 79955 847.55 3,278.35

1990-91 $8.43 510 4,299.30 812.66 860.66 3,438.64

1991-92 $6.85 510 3,493.50 840.94 888.94 2,604.56

1992-93 $3.26 510 1,662.60 847.22 895.22 767.38

1993-94 $2.99b 510 1,524.90 863.83 911.83 613.00

5-yr. avg. $5.92 510 3,019.20 832.84 880.84 2,138.36

'On-tree prices for all sales methods as reported by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.
bPreliminary estimate by authors at time of printing and is not a published price.

CA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not
included.











Table 13.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 5-year average costs and returns (adjusted to 1994 dollars) for a mature,
red seedless grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh fruit packing in the Southwest Florida area, 1989-90--1993-94


Inflation On-tree Gross Total specified Net return to land,
Year factor index" price/box Yield revenue costs trees, and ownership
------------------------------ Dollars ----------------------


1989-90 103.4 $8.37 510 4,268.70 876.37 3,392.33

1990-91 103.3 $8.71 510 4,442.10 889.06 3,553.04

1991-92 102.6 $7.03 510 3,585.30 912.05 2,673.25

1992-93 101.2 $3.30 510 1,683.00 905.96 777.04

1993-94 100.0 $2.99 510 1,524.90 911.83 613.07

5-yr. avg. -- $6.08 510 3,100.80 899.05 2,201.75

'Producer price index for each year adjusted to 1994 prices (1994 = 100), with 1994 producer price index estimated to be 120.3.
Producer price index for other years are: 1990 = 116.3; 1991 = 116.5; 1992 = 117.2; and 1993 = 118.9.

bA management cost of $4.00 per acre per month is included. Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are not
included. (Refer to Table 12.)










REFERENCES


1. Florida Citrus Spray Guide 1994. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP 43. Gainesville: Jan. 1994.

2. Koo, R. C. J., editor. Recommended Fertilizers and Nutritional Sprays for Citrus. Univ. of
Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 536D. Gainesville: March 1984.

3. Muraro, Ronald P. "A Listing of Estimated Comparative Southwest Florida Citrus Production
Costs Per Acre for 1993-1994." Lake Alfred Citrus Research and Education Center (CREC)
Report. Lake Alfred, FL: May 1994.

4. "Cost for Establishing, Planting, and Maintaining a Citrus Grove through Four Years
of Age, South Florida Flatwoods Area." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: Nov.
1989.

5. "A Listing of 1994 Custom Rates Reported by Twenty-four Indian River and South
Florida Citrus Caretakers." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: May 1994.

6. Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Age. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8. Gainesville:
1960.

7. Tucker, D. P. H., A. K. Alva and L. K. Jackson (eds.). Nutrition of Florida Citrus Tree
Growth, Fruit Yield and Environmental Considerations. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. SP
Gainesville. 1994. In Press.






18



ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Programs for Southwest Florida Citrus Production for Both
Round Oranges and Grapefruit
Page

Table 1-A. Spray programs ................................................ 19

Post bloom spray ............................................... 19
Summer spray ................................................. 21
Fall spray .................................................... 22

Table 2-A. Herbicide ................................................... 23

Table 3-A. D ry fertilizer .................................................. 26

Table 4-A. Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application) .......................... 27

Table 5-A Fertigation ................................................... 28

Table 6-A. Nematicides ............................ .................. ... 28

Table 7-A. Soil amendment ............................................... 29

Table 8-A. Irrigation--annual cost per acre .................................... 29

Drip ................................ ......................... 29
M icrosprinkler ................................................. 29
Drainage ditch annual costs ....................................... 30

Table 9-A. A listing of 1994 custom rates reported by twenty-four Indian River and South
Florida citrus caretakers ......................................... 31

Table 10-A. 1994 summary of average chemical price estimates ..................... 33

Table 11-A. 1994 summary of average fertilizer price estimates ...................... 35

Table 12-A. Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four
years of age, South Florida flatwoods area ............. .............. 37

Table 13-A. Historic prices for selected citrus varieties ............................ 38

Table 14-A. Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity ....... 39


Cu = Copper Mn = Manganese
Fe = Iron Zn = Zinc
Mg = Magnesium












Table 1-A.--Spray programs


POST BLOOM SPRAY


Spray Program #1


Spray Program #2


Spray Program #3


Spray Program #4


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% copper)
Zn
Mn

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% copper)
Zn, Mn, Nitrates
Kelthane MF

Ground Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates
Cu (50% copper)
Ethion
Oil

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% copper)
Nitrate
Potassium Nitrate
Lorsban 4EC
Hystop (pH Reducer)

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

15 lbs
5 lbs
10 lbs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$20.10
3.75
3.30

23.42


$50.57


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre

10 lbs
1 pt
6 pts

100 gals


Amount
/Acre

1 pt
7 lbs
6 pts
1 gal

100 gals


Cost/Acre

$13.40
1.11
34.26

18.12

$66.89


Cost/Acre

$1.11
9.38
24.72
2.17

18.12


$55.50


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
3 qts
10 lbs
4 pts
1 pt

100 gals


Cost/Acre

$ 9.38
5.32
3.19
21.80
1.48

18.12


$59.29


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #5


Spray Program #6


Materials/Ingredients

Dicofol 4EC
Cu (50% copper)

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates
Cu (50% copper)
Urea

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Spray Program #7 Materials/Ingredients
Morestan 25WP
Cu (50% copper)

Ground Application

Total per Application


Spray Program #8


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% copper)
Zn, Mn, Mg, Fe
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

5 pts
10 lbs

250 gals


Amount
/Acre

1 pt
7 lbs
2 lbs

100 gals


Amount
/Acre

2.5 lbs
10 lbs

250 GPA


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
4 pts
6 pts

500 gals


Spray Program #9


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 4L

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$28.85
13.40

23.42


$65.67


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$1.11
9.38
0.40

18.12


$29.01


Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$32.00
13.40

23.42

$68.82


Cost/Acre

$9.38
4.44
24.72

28.33


$66.87


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$41.76

23.42


$65.18


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #10

(Scale insects)


SUMMER SPRAY


Spray Program #11


Spray Program #12


Spray Program #13


Materials/Ingredients

Lorsban 4EC

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil
Cu (50% copper)
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Oil 97%
Cu (50% copper)
Ethion

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)
Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates
Vendex 50WP
Urea
Cu (50% copper)

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

7 pts

500 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$38.15

28.33


$66.48


Amount
/Acre

5 gals
7 lbs
6 pts

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$10.85
9.38
24.72

23.42


$68.37


Amount
/Acre

3 gals
7 lbs
3.75 pts

100 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$6.51
9.38
15.45

18.12


$49.46


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount
/Acre

1 pt
2 lbs
3.5 lbs
4 lbs

100 gals


Cost/Acre

$1.11
41.76
0.72
5.36

18.12


$67.07


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


L










Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

SUMMER SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #14


Spray Program #15


Materials/Ingredients

Cu (50% copper)
Oil 97%
Agri-Mek

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Kelthane MF

Ground Application
(engine driven airblast)

Total per Application


FALL SPRAY


Spray Program #16


Spray Program #17


Spray Program #18


Materials/Ingredients

Agri-Mek

Ground Application
(PTO driven airblast)

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 4L

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Materials/Ingredients

Dicofol

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

7 lbs
5 gals
10 ozs

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$9.38
10.85
45.60

23.42


$89.25


Amount
/Acre

6 pts

250 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$34.26

23.42


$57.68


Amount
/Acre

10 ozs

50 gals


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$45.60

11.10


$56.70


Amount
/Acre

1.25 Ibs

15 GPA


Amount
/Acre

6 pts

15 GPA


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$26.10

6.50

$32.60


Cost/Acre

$34.62

6.50

$41.12


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 1-A.--Spray programs (cont'd.)

FALL SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #19


Materials/Ingredients

Vendex 4L

Aerial Application

Total per Application


Table 2-A.--Herbicide


Herbicide Program #1

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #2

(Strip/band)


Materials

Solicam 80DF
Karmex WP
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Surflan A80 DF
Simazine 4L
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

3 lbs
4 lbs
2 qts
2 pts


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$20.49
8.64
10.22
1.92

10.37


$51.64


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
4 qts
2 qts
2 pts


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$13.96
7.40
10.22
1.92


10.37


$43.87


Herbicide Program #3

(Strip/band)


Materials

Karmex WP
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

4 lbs
2 qts
2 pts


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$8.64
10.22
1.92

10.37


$31.15


Amount
/Acre

2 lbs

15 GPA


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$41.76

6.50

$48.26


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #4

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #5

(Strip/band)


Materials

Krovar II
Gramoxone
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(2 times)

Total for 2 Applications


Materials

Solicam 80DF
Simazine 90DF
Roundup

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

12 lbs
6 pts
1 pt

80 gals


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$64.86
14.19
1.92

20.74


$101.71


Amount/
Treated Acre

8 lbs
4 lbs
2 pts

40 gals


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$54.60
7.14
5.11

10.37


$77.22


Herbicide Program #6

(Strip/band)


Materials

Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

4 qts
2 pts

40 gals


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$20.44
1.92

10.37


$32.73


Herbicide Program #7

(Strip/band)


Materials

Krovar I
Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

5 lbs
2 qts
2 pts

40 gals


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$22.90
10.22
1.92

10.37


$45.41


'With respect to herbicide materials, Amount Per Grove Acre does not equal Amount Per Treated
Acre shown on the label as only a strip or band is being treated. In this report, it is assumed that only
50% or one-half of a grove acre is being treated.


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #8

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #9

(Strip/band)


Materials

Princep (Caliber 90)
Hyvar X
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Roundup
Princep (Caliber 90)
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

4 lbs
6 lbs
2 pts

40 gals


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$ 6.68
42.36
1.92

10.37


$61.33


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
4 lbs
2 pts

40 gals


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$10.22
6.68
1.92

10.37


$29.19


Herbicide Program #10

(Strip/band)


Herbicide Program #11

(Chemical mow)


Materials

Direx 4L
Solicam
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

3 qts
3 lbs
1 qt

40 gals


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$7.84
20.49
1.92

10.37


$40.62


Amount/
Treated Acre

1 pt
0.5 pt


Cost/
Grove Acre'

$ 2.56
0.96

8.20


$11.72


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #12

(Chemical mow)


Herbicide Program #13

(Spot treatment)


Materials

Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Materials

Roundup
Adjuvant (Surfactant)

Ground Application
(1 time)

Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Treated Acre

1.5 pts
0.5 pt


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$3.84
0.96

8.20


$13.00


Amount/
Treated Acre

2 qts
2 pts


Cost/
Grove Acre"

$10.22
1.92

5.00


$17.14


Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer


Program #1

(162 lbs N/Acre)


Program #2

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Program #3

(180 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-2-12-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-2-12-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

15-2-15-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Your Cost/
Grove Acre


Amount
/Acre

1350 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1500 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1200 lbs

3 times


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 87.75

20.25

$108.00


Cost/Acre

$ 97.50

20.25

$117.75


Cost/Acre

$ 81.60

20.25

$101.85


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer (cont'd.)


Program #4
(204 lbs N/Acre)


Program #5

(225 lbs N/Acre)


Analysis/Material
Applied

17-4-17-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Analysis/Material
Applied

15-2-15-2.4 MgO

Application

Total for 3 Applications


Table 4-A.--Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application)

Analysis/Material
Program #1 Applied
10-0-10

Double Boom Application

Total for 3 Applications


Program #2









Program #3


Amount
/Acre

1200 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre
1500 lbs

3 times


Amount
/Acre

1800 lbs

3 times


Cost/Acre

$ 94.80

20.25

$115.05


Cost/Acre

$102.00

20.25

$122.25


Cost/Acre

$ 81.00

30.00

$111.00


Analysis/Material Amount
Applied /Acre Cost/Acre

10-2-10 1800 lbs $ 97.20

Double Boom Application 3 times 30.00

Total for 3 Applications $127.20


Analysis/Material Amount
Applied /Acre Cost/Acre

10-0-10 1800 lbs $ 81.00
Solicam 80DF 3 lbs* 20.48
Karmex WP 4 lbs* 8.64

Double Boom Application 3 times 30.00

Total for 3 Applications $140.12

*Treated acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --










Table 5-A.--Fertigation


Program #1

(Supplemental)


Program #2

(Supplement







Program #3

(Exclusive)


al)


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-0-10

Application

Total per Application


Analysis/Material
Applied

8-2-8

Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

400 lbs


Amount
/Acre

750 lbs


Cost/Acre

$18.00

8.61

$26.61


Cost/Acre

$33.75

8.61

$42.36


Analysis/Material Amount
Applied /Acre Cost/Acre

8-2-8 2000 lbs $ 90.00

Application 16.12

Total per Application $106.12
---------------------------------------------------------------------


Table 6-A.--Nematicides


Program #1









Program #2









Program #3


Analysis/Material
Applied

Temik 15G

Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

33 Ibs


Cost/Acre

$118.14

12.00

$130.14


---------------------------------------------------------------------

Analysis/Material Amount
Applied /Acre Cost/Acre

Nemacur 15G 67 lbs $220.43

Application 12.00

Total per Application $232.43
---------------------------------------------------------------------


Analysis/Material
Applied

Nemacur 15G

Application

Total per Application


Amount
/Acre

50 Ibs


Cost/Acre

$164.50

12.00

$176.50


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


----------------------------'----------------------------------------










Table 7-A.--Soil amendment


Program #1

(Every 3 years)


Program #2

(Every year)


Analysis/Material
Applied

Dolomite (Delivered)

Application
Total for 1 Application

(Average 1/3 Ton Applied/Yr)


Analysis/Material
Applied

Dolomite (Delivered)
Application
Total per Application


Table 8-A.--Irrigation--annual cost per acre


DRIP


Operating


Maintenance of System
Total Cash Expenses

Fixed Depreciation Expense

Total Cash and Fixed Expenses


Program #1

$28.49
(Electric)

35.90

$ 64.39

42.35

$106.74


MICROSPRINKLER


Operating


Maintenance of System

Total Cash Expenses

Fixed Depreciation Expense

Total Cash and Fixed Expenses


Program #3

$ 32.38
(Electric)

42.74

$ 75.12

52.94

$128.06


Amount
/Acre

1 ton

1 time


Amount
/Acre

1000 lbs


Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$30.17

6.95
$37.12

$12.37


Cost/Acre

$15.09
6.95

$22.04


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #2
$25.64
(Diesel)

35.90
$61.54

45.25

$106.79


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #4

$ 28.49
(Diesel)

42.74

$ 71.23

56.56

$127.79


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- -- --- -- --- -- --


--- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- --







30


Table 8-A.--Irrigation--annual cost per acre (cont'd.)

DRAINAGE DITCH ANNUAL COSTS
Your
Program #5 Cost/Acre

Ditches/Canals Maintenance ($31.39/acre + 3 years) $10.83
Weed Control in Ditches/Canals 10.01
Water Control: In/Out of Ditches and Canals 7.94
Total $28.78







Table 9-A.--A listing of 1994 custom rates reported by twenty-four Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate? Comments

CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT:


Hand Labor
Tractor/Equipment Operator
Rotovate
Disc 7-8'
Disc 10'
Mow: Off-set or Side Mower
5-8'
9-10'
15-16'
V-Mower
Sickle Mower
Herbicide' (Strip/Band--Single Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band--Single Boom)
Herbicide' (Strip/Band--Double Boom)
Herbicide' (Chemical Mow)
Temik/Nemacur'
Plow
Backhoe
Vine Puller
Middle Buster
Mound Builder
Grader Blade
Bush Hog
Water Truck with Driver
Pickup Truck with Driver
Pickup Truck without Driver
Flatbed/Transport Truck with Driver
Tractor with Driver
Tractor without Driver


SPRAYING?


Hand Sprayer
Air Curtain Sprayer


Hour S 8.50- $12.00
Hour 10.50- 15.00
Hour 25.00- 35.00
Hour 24.00- 31.50
Hour 24.00- 32.00
Hour
Hour 20.00- 30.00
Hour 24.00- 34.00
Hour 28.00- 39.00
Hour 28.00- 32.00
Hour 30.50- 36.50
Hour 25.00- 36.00
Acre 10.25- 15.75
Acre 11.50- 12.00
Acre 7.00- 10.50
Acre 13.00- 15.00
Hour 23.00- 26.25
Hour 35.00- 44.00
Hour
Hour 22.00- 34.00
Hour 25.00- 34.00
Hour 24.00- 34.00
Hour 25.00- 34.00
Hour 22.00- 34.00
Hour 20.00- 27.50
Hour 11.00- 18.50
Hour 30.00- 45.00
Hour 23.00- 30.00
Hour 14.00- 19.00



Hour $ -- $ --
Acre 17.00 17.50


$11.23 Plus transportation
12.25
32.52
26.56 Average $9.25/acre
27.42
28.50
26.56 Average $9.75/acre
28.25 Average $950/acre
31.70 Average $838/acre
29.50 Average $9.50/acre
33.30
28.80 Plus materials
12.18 Plus materials
11.67 Plus materials
8.20 Plus materials
1433 Plus materials
24.45
39.64
26.00
27.06 With tractor and driver
2736 With tractor and driver
2636 Tractor/blade and driver
29.50
26.06
24.22 Average miles traveled per year: Pick-up truck 21,000 miles
15.75 Transport truck -- 15,000 miles
36.00 Average $1.25/mile
25.25
15.95



$40.00 Includes tractor, handgun sprayer and 2 workers
17.25 2-MPH Dicky John; Prescott Boom: $39.00/500 gal tank


AIR BLAST SPRAYER

Engine Driven PTO Powered


Acre 32.00- 42.00
Acre 22.50- 31.00
Acre


36.00 30.00- 38.50
26.40 21.50- 31.00
20.00 17.00- 20.00


34.71
25.94 Average $20/acre--250 GPA @ 2 MPH
19.57 Average $18/acre--125 GPA @ 2 MPH


Acre -- -- -- 18.00


ENGINE/PTO DRIVEN SPRAYERS


Tank .
Tank 32.00- 42.00
Tank 45.00- 62.00
Tank 64.00- 72.00
Tank


31.00 500 gallon tank
37.40 500 gallon tank
53.50 500 gallon tank
68.00 500 gallon tank
80.00 500 gallon tank


Fixed Wing: $4.00/acre @ 5 gallons per acre
Fixed Wing: $5.00/acre @ 10 gallons per acre
Fixed Wing: $6.50/acre @ 15 gallons per acre
Fixed Wing: $7.00/acre @ 20 gallons per acre


Ground Application
Aerial Application

FERTILIZING.

Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation System
Liquid Boom Application:
Double Boom
Dry (Bulk)
Dry (Bulk)
Lime or Dolomite
Lime or Dolomite
Fertilize Young Trees? Hand Spread
Fert. Spreader


Acre S -- --
Acre -


S 650
7.50 7 per pound (aerial)


Hour $ $ -- $ 27.00 Includes tractor, driver and fertilizer tank; $1.00/acre


Acre
Acre 6.00- 800
Ton 17.50- 20.00
Acre 6.00- 9.00
Ton 7.50- 10.00
Hour 8.50- 12.00
Hour 22.00- 35.00


11.50
6.75 Average $2533/hour
18.66
6.95
8.50
11.23 Plus transportation; one reporting 10e/tree
28.19 Plus materials; $7.00/acre


One reporting travel to/from grove site at one hour per day of pickup truck rate.


(OVER)


500 GPA
250 GPA
125 GPA
100 GPA


Dilute
2X
3X
4X
6X


Aerial
Aerial
Aerial
Aerial

DUSTING:







Table 9-A--A listing of 1994 custom rates reported by twenty-four Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers (cont'd.)

Range of Rate Average
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate' Comments

IRRIGATION:


Ditch Cleaning Trac Hoe
Water Furrow Disc
Water Furrow Cleaner
Water Furrow Shaper
Rotary Ditcher or Auger
Water Slinger
Water Trencher
Ring Young Trees: Mechanical
Hand Labor
4 Wheeler for Microsprinkler with Driver
Microsprinkler Maintenance

REMOVING TREES:

Front End Loader
Tree Shearing (Cutting Tree at Ground
Level)

PRUNING:

General Pruning (Per Man)
Saw with Operator
Hedging:
Single Side (Tractor Mounted)
Single Side (Tractor Pulled)
Double Side (Tractor Pulled)
Double Side (Self Propelled)
Double Side (Self Propelled)
Topping:
Tractor Pulled
Single Boom (Self Propelled)

Double Sided Topper
Double Boom (Self Propelled)
Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer
Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer
Removing Brush:
Haul Brush out of Grove
Mow Brush

COLD PROTECTION (YOUNG TREES):

Hand Labor
Microsprinkler

OTHER CUSTOM RATES:

Plant Trees (Solid Set)
Plant Trees (Resets)
Mechanic Labor
Grove Management Charge/Month:
Supervising Grove Care Operations
Handling Fruit Marketing
Supervising/Handling Chemicals/Fertilizer

Consulting


Total Reported Acreage Provided Grove
Service to:


Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Hour
Acre/Month


$ -- $ -- 45.00 5 ft. bucket
25.00- 36.00 29.50
25.00- 34.00 28.64
.. 110.00 3 to 5 acres/hour-annual cleaning; 2 to 3 acres/hour --
26.00- 34.00 28.40 \remedial cleaning
25.00- 34.00 29.00
24.00- 34.00 2933
20.00- 26.50 23.83
8.50- 12.00 11.23 Plus transportation
1750- 29.50 2257 Average $4.00/acre: 3 & 4 wheeler
3.00- 3.50 3.25 Check & repair system; parts extra



S 40.00- $50.00 $4558 Avg. range 5-20 trees per hour; bulldozer avg. $55.25/hour

45.00- 50.00 47.00 Avg. range 5-30 trees per hour



S 8.50- $12.00 $ 11.23 Plus transportation and pruning equipment
15.00- 20.00 17.83

50.00- 75.00 64.40 4 to 8 acres/hour
70.00- 75.00 71.67 4 to 8 acres/hour
85.00- 92.00 92.83 4 to 15 acres/hour; Double Side (Tractor Mounted): $200/hr
240.00- 250.00 246.67 8 to 20 acres/hour depending on wood size
-- 315.00 12 to 25 acres/hour--double row beds; 8 to 12 acres--single
\row beds; depending on wood size
85.00- 97.00 93.67 2-5 ac/hr depending on wood size; Tractor Mounted: $75/hr
300.00- 305.00 302.50 4_to 10 acres/hour depending on wood size; 10 to 20 acres
\flattop cut from bed tops
240.00 Avg. 5 to 25 acres depending on wood size type of cut
-- 495.00 2 to 10 acres/hour depending on wood size; 15 to 30 acres
50.00- 60.00 56.75 3 to 5 acres/hour \flattop cut from bed tops
125.00 4 to 12 acres/hour

40.00- 46.00 44.71 Front-end loader
26.00- 32.00 29.50 Average $10.50/acre


Hour $ 8.50- $ 12.00 $ 10.60 Plus transportation and materials
Raise: 120/tree; Lower: 120/tree



Tree $ 0.62- $ 1.50 $ 1.00 Varies as to density
Tree 1.75- 2.30 2.01 Varies as to the number of resets
Hour 26.00- 40.00 30.80 Labor and service truck


2.50- 6.00
1.50- 4.00
250- 4.00


4.08 In addition to caretaking charges
2.67 150 to 25 per box
2.75 10% to 15% of materials cost


$100 per hour for Horticultural Evaluation and/or Financial Analysis/prospectus.
$5 per acre for Cultural/Horticultural evaluation.


Acre


500- 7,000 2,328 Total acres reporting: 34,920


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, Lake Alfred CREC, May 1994.


'Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor and sprayer; supply truck included by most caretakers.

'Calculated by dividing the total number of caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all charges.








Table 10-A.--1994 summary of average chemical price estimates


Average
Item Unit Price


Fungicides:


Aliette 80WP
Benlate
Basic Copper Sulfate (53%)
Cupric Hydroxide (50%)
Copper (50%) (Kocide 101)
Copper (40%) (Kocide 606)
Copper (40%) (Champ)
Oil 435
Oil 455
Ridomil 2E
Ridomil 5G


lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
gal.
lb.


Insecticides/Nematicides:
Admire
Agri-Mek (0.15EC)
Bacillus thuringienses
Biovector
Carzol 92 SP
Comite 6.55 EC
Cygon 4 EC
Dicofol 4 EC
Eclipse
Ethion
Guthion 2L
Guthion 50WP
Kelthane MF
Logic Bait
Lorsban 4EC
Lorsban 15G
Malathion
Metasystox-R
Methyl Bromide 98/2
Morestan 25WP
Nemacur 3EC
Nemacur 15G
Sevin 80S
Sulphur 6F
Sulphur Dust
Supracide 2 EC
Temik 15G
Thiolux
Vapam
Vendex 50W
Vendex 4L


13.15
16.25
1.34
1.97
1.99
12.57
11.55
2.17
2.22
144.96
4.30


600.00
584.00
18.70
300.00
28.98
76.90
31.82
46.12
52.00
32.97
28.17
7.25
45.71
6.67
43.60
1.82
16.88
47.00
0.92
12.80
62.61
3.29
4.22
3.95
330.00
43.59
3.58
0.68
5.75
20.88
158.48


(Continued on Reverse Side)







Table 10-A.--1994 summary of average chemical price estimates (cont'd.)

Average
Item Unit Price


Herbicides:


Devrinol 50WP
Direx 4L
Fusilade 2000 1E
Goal
Gramoxone (Paraquat)
Hyvar X
Karmex
Krovar I
Krovar II
Poast
Princep (Caliber 90)
Princep 4L
Prowl
Rodeo (30 gal drum)
Roundup (30 gal drum)
Simazine 90 DF
Simazine 4L
Solicam
Surflan AS
Torpedo 1E
Touchdown


Growth Regulators:
Citrus Fix
Pro-Gibb 3.91%
Tre-Hold
Other Spray Materials:
Borates (15%)
Manganese (32%)
Zinc (78%)
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Nutritional Spray Mix
Ferri Plus 138
Goemar
MZF
NutraLeaf (20-20-20)
Sequestrene 138 FE
Peter's 27-15-12 Foliar
Key Plex 350
Dyna Gro Citrate 779


7.51
20.86
69.10
72.85
37.86
14.12
4.32
9.16
10.81
104.71
3.34
14.92
31.00
98.21
40.89
3.57
14.83
13.65
55.80
48.83
60.61


510.22
32.58
74.10


0.64
0.33
0.75
15.38

7.00
29.00
6.58
0.56
10.38
0.61
16.50
7.00


gal.
20 oz.
gal.


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University of
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, May 1994.






35
Table 11-A.--1994 summary of average fertilizer price estimates


Average
Item Unit Price

FERTILIZER (FOB Price @ Plant) $
Slow Release (Young Tree)*
IBDU: 8-4-8 (N) ton 293.00
10-3-7 (N) ton 410.00
Osmocote: 17-6-9 (NPK) ton 1,949.00
ESCOTE: 19-6-12 (NPK) ton 1,524.00
Nutralene/Hydrolene (N 40%) ton 647.50
Sulfur Coated Urea (30%-40% N) ton 350.00
Dry Mix (Bulk)
17-0-17-3m ton 149.33
17-4-17-2.4Mg ton 157.00
16-0-16 ton 124.50
16-0-16-2.4, ton 133.00
16-0-16-4,~ ton 153.00
16-2-16-11-8,M ton 138.00
16-2-16-3M ton 152.50
15-2-12-2.4,m ton 136.10
12-2-12-2.4Mg ton 130.15
8-8-8 w/minors** ton 128.60
8-4-8 w/minors** ton 125.50
8-2-8 w/minors** ton 119.50
6-6-6 w/minors** ton 114.00
Liquid Mix (Bulk)
8-2-8 ton 89.00
8-4-8 ton 104.00
9-3-9 ton 101.00
9-4-9 ton 111.00
10-0-10 ton 90.00
10-2-10 ton 108.00
12-0-6 ton 110.00
12-3-6 ton 125.00

*Slow Release Elements are indicated in parenthesis.

**With organic nitrogen, the price averaged 25% higher.


(Continued on Reserve Side)






36
Table 11-A.--1994 summary of average fertilizer price estimates (cont'd.)

Average
Item Unit Price

Other Fertilizer Materials (Bulk) $
Ammonium Nitrate (21% N Liquid) ton 105.00
Ammonium Nitrate (33.5% N Dry) ton 146.00
Ammonium Sulfate (21% N) ton 124.33
Calcium Nitrate (19% Ca, 15.5% N) ton (bags) 191.67
Dolomite (at mine--49% CaCO3, ton 18.00
36% MgCO3)
Gypsum (20%-28% Ca) ton 17.75
High Cal Lime (36%-39% Ca) ton 15.50
Muriate of Potash (42% K) ton 117.33
Potassium Nitrate (14% N) ton 273.00
Super Phosphate (8% P) ton 127.00
Triple Superphosphate (19% P) ton 137.67
Average Delivery Cost ton 12.17


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, University of
Florida, IFAS, CREC, Lake Alfred, Florida, May 1994.








Table 12-A.-Cost for establishing, planting and maintaining a citrus grove through four years of age, South Florida Flatwoods area

Cost Per Acre

Range Average

$ $
Land Cost:' Improved Pasture Land 1,700-2,500 2,050
Raw Land and Semi-improved Pasture 1,150-1,800 1,450
Land Preparation: Pasture and Light Palmettos 125- 275 195
(Clearing) Raw Land (heavy pines, palmettos) 350- 600 465
Leveling: With Laser 200- 350 275
Without Laser 100- 250 160
Bedding: 2-rows (short rows 1,350+ feet) 100- 195 130
Soil Amendments: Dolomite 1 ton 35
Super Phosphate, 400 lbs. 30
Canals, Ditches and Dikes 150- 260 195
Reservoirs and Roads 130- 180 155
Throw-out Pumps for Water Movement 45- 60 55
Culverts 65- 135 85
Middle Drop Drainage Pipes 45- 95 105
Drainage Tile 140- 160 150
Cover Crop 9- 16 12
Irrigation System: Microsprinkler -- with Well2 850-1,500 1,000
without Well 525-1,200 700
Drip with Well2 775-1,050 875
without Well 400- 825 560
Water Permits, Environmental Studies, and Engineering: Cost 40- 90 70
Time in Months 5- 12 8
Percent Land Utilization: Planted to Citrus 55%- 85% 71%
Ditches and Canals 5%- 10% 8%
Water Retention 10%- 30% 15%
Roads and Service Areas 3%- 15% 6%

South Florida

Year

1 2 3 4

Solidset Planted Trees3 --------------- Cost Per Tree ----------------

Microsprinkler Irrigation and Ditch Maintenance $0.40 $0.50 $0.65 $0.85
Fertilize Tree 0.25 0.40 055 0.56
Supplemental Fertilization thru Irrigation 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.29
Spray 0.30 0.40 0.47 0.50
Insulated Tree Wrap (annual maintenance) 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.00
Sprouting (labor) 0.20 0.20 0.00 0.00
Cultivation/Mowing 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44
Herbicide 0.54 054 054 0.54
Ridomil/Aliette 0.35 0.35 0.00 0.00
Miscellaneous 0.43 0.49 0.42 0.48
Total Cost Per Year $3.31 $3.77 $3.62 $3.66

Reset Trees (annual additional grove care costs) $2.13 $2.47 $1.84

Cost of Planting Trees4 Solidset = $5.00 Reset = $6.30

'Land cost will vary from one county to another as well as from one parcel to another.

"Irrigation costs include distribution system, power unit and well (where indicated.) The higher cost ranges reported also included a cost for
fertigation equipment.

The per tree costs shown are applicable for tree densities of 145 to 165 trees per acre. The per tree costs should be decreased for higher density
plantings and increased for lower density plantings; e.g., at 200 trees per acre decrease costs by 15%; at 115 trees per acre increase costs by 15%.

*Tree cost (bare root) = $325; stake, plant, and water tree = $1.25 (solidset) and $255 (resets); and uninsulated tree wrap = $0.50.


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Farm Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred, FL, November 1989.









Table 13-A.--Historic prices' for selected citrus varieties

Variety

Early and Late season Seedless grapefruit
mid'-season oranges Temple
Crop year oranges oranges Tangerines Tangelos (white) (colored)


1961-62
1962-63
1963-64
1964-65
1965-66
1966-67
1967-68
1968-69
1969-70
1970-71
1971-72
1972-73
1973-74
1974-75
1975-76
1976-77
1977-78
1978-79
1979-80
1980-81
1981-82
1982-83
1983-84
1984-85
1985-86
1986-87
1987-88
1988-89
1989-90
1990-91


1991-92
1992-93'


$1.93
2.17
4.43
257
1.44
0.81
1.86
1.56
1.15
1.10
1.98
1.43
1.38
1.46
1.69
1.89
3.90
4.44
3.59
3.67
4.27
4.88
5.09
7.30
3.92
4.56
6.72
6.63
6.01
5.38


5.44
2.29


$1.81
3.50
4.45
2.28
1.79
1.08
2.28
1.83
1.13
1.91
2.11
1.71
1.59
1.82
1.88
2.63
4.40
4.95
3.89
4.63
4.29
5.41
6.72
6.88
3.97
6.02
8.73
8.41
6.53
6.58


6.65
3.26


$2.17
3.09
4.45
2.77
1.80
0.88
2.79
2.22
1.47
1.91
1.95
1.95
1.64
1.68
1.79
2.16
3.92
4.89
2.89
4.21
4.01
3.99
5.34
5.59
3.01
3.60
5.69
5.46
5.64
6.31


6.51
2.00


$2.04
3.02
3.18
2.68
2.14
1.06
4.29
2.55
2.23
1.88
2.97
2.37
2.82
3.05
3.02
3.29
4.79
4.99
4.25
5.45
6.23
757
5.93
15.91
12.69
10.92
12.99
12.64
15.28
17.10


18.00
13.61


$3.36
4.66
4.83
4.00
2.85
1.64
3.22
2.47
1.13
1.04
1.69
1.39
1.25
1.45
1.42
1.42
3.29
3.90
2.87
3.92
3.58
4.37
4.28
7.08
4.06
3.72
5.58
6.31
5.10
6.11


7.16
2.85


$0.68
1.29
2.24
1.51
1.39
0.73
2.05
0.98
1.72
1.89
2.27
2.06
1.58
1.55
1.29
1.49
1.47
2.21
3.12
3.46
1.92
1.51
2.08
3.02
3.56
4.45
5.35
4.33
5.21
4.59


6.46
2.06


$0.86
1.81
2.54
1.82
1.64
0.94
2.48
1.15
1.92
2.15
2.69
2.53
2.12
2.59
2.23
2.04
2.09
3.13
3.80
4.22
2.80
3.20
4.05
4.84
4.98
5.80
5.93
4.71
6.30
6.85


6.87
3.12


'On-tree average price per box (1-3/5 bushel box equivalent) for all methods of sale minus pick and haul
charges.


bNavel and Hamlin


cParson Brown and Pineapple


dValencia
WMarsh (white) or pink


Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.


'Preliminary












Table 14-A.--Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity


Loan Interest rate paid on the loan
term
(years) 8.0% 85% 9.0% 95% 10.0% 105% 11.0% 115% 12.0% 125% 13.0% 13.5% 14.0% 14.5% 15.0%

1 926 922 917 913 909 905 901 897 893 889 885 881 877 873 870
2 1,783 1,771 1,759 1,747 1,754 1,724 1,713 1,701 1,690 1,679 1,668 1,657 1,647 1,636 1,626
3 2,577 2,554 2,531 2,509 2,487 2,465 2,444 2,423 2,402 2,381 2,361 2,341 2,322 2,302 2,283
4 3,312 3,276 3,240 3,204 3,170 3,136 3,102 3,070 3,037 3,006 2,974 2,944 2,914 2,884 2,855
5 3,993 3,941 3,890 3,840 3,791 3,743 3,696 3,650 3,605 3,561 3,517 3,475 3,433 3,392 3,352
6 4,623 4,554 4,486 4,420 4,355 4,292 4,230 4,170 4,111 4,054 3,998 3,942 3,889 3,836 3,784
7 5,206 5,119 5,033 4,950 4,868 4,789 4,712 4,640 4,564 4,492 4,423 4,355 4,288 4,224 4,160
8 5,747 5,639 5,535 5,433 5,335 5,239 5,146 5,056 4,968 4,882 4,799 4,718 4,639 4,562 4,487
9 6,247 6,119 5,995 5,875 5,759 5,646 5,537 5,431 5,328 5,228 5,132 5,038 4,946 4,858 4,772
10 6,710 6,561 6,418 6,279 6,145 6,015 5,889 5,768 5,650 5,536 5,426 5,319 5,216 5,116 5,019
11 7,139 6,969 6,805 6,647 6,495 6,348 6,207 6,070 5,938 5,810 5,687 5,568 5,453 5,341 5,234
12 7,536 7,345 7,161 6,984 6,814 6,650 6,492 6,341 6,194 6,054 5,918 5,787 5,660 5,538 5,421
13 7,904 7,691 7,487 7,291 7,103 6,923 6,750 6,583 6,424 6,270 6,122 5,979 5,842 5,710 5,583
14 8,244 8,010 7,786 7,572 7,367 7,170 6,982 6,801 6,628 6,462 6,302 6,149 6,002 5,861 5,724
15 8,559 8,304 8,061 7,828 7,606 7,394 7,191 6,997' 6,811 6,633 6,462 6,299 6,142 5,992 5,847
16 8,851 8,576 8,313 8,062 7,824 7,596 7,379 7,172 6,974 6,785 6,604 6,431 6,265 6,106 5,954
17 9,122 8,825 8,543 8,276 8,022 7,779 7,549 7,329 7,119 6,920 6,729 6,547 6,373 6,207 6,048
18 9,372 9,056 8,756 8,471 8,201 7,945 7,702 7,470 7,250 7,040 6,840 6,649 6,467 6,294 6,128
19 9,603 9,268 8,950 8,650 8,365 8,095 7,839 7,596 7,366 7,146 6,938 6,739 6,551 6,370 6,198
20 9,818 9,463 9,129 8,812 8,514 8,231 7,963 7.710' 7,469 7,241 7,025 6,819 6,623 6,437 6,259
25 10,675 10,234 9,823 9,438 9,077 8,739 8,422 8,123 7,843 7,579 7,330 7,095 6,873 6,663 6,464
30 11,258 10,747 10,274 9,835 9,427 9,047 8,868 8,364 8,055 7,766 7,496 7,242 7,003 6,778 6,566
35 11,655 11,088 10,567 10,087 9,644 9,234 8,855 8,503 8,175 7,870 7,586 7,320 7,070 6,836 6,617
40 11,925 11,315 10,757 10,247 9,779 9,348 8,951 8,587 8,244 7,928 7,634 7,361 7,105 6,866 6,642


'Example. Assumes a $10,000 after tax income at 11.5% interest rate and a 15-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $69,970
($6,997 x 10). At 11.5% interest rate and a 20-year term mortgage, the total debt which can be supported is $77,100 ($7,710 x 10).