<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Acknowledgements
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Main
 Reference
 Addenda


FLAG IFAS PALMM UF



Budgeting costs and returns for Southwest Florida citrus production
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026155/00003
 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns for Southwest Florida citrus production
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Southwest Florida citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Muraro, R. P
Holcomb, Edgar D
University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food & Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1988
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Marketing -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Description based on: 1986-87; title from cover.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001596350
oclc - 21057551
notis - AHM0449
lccn - sn 91022495
System ID: UF00026155:00003

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgements
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Reference
        Page 13
    Addenda
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
Full Text
1UO
261


Economic Information
Report 261


Budgeting Costs and Returns for
Southwest Florida Citrus
Production, 1988-89


Central Science
Library
OCT 16 1989
University of Florida


Food & Resource Economics Department
Agricultural Experiment Stations and
Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesvllle 32611


July 1989


Ronald P. Muraro
Edgar D. Holcomb, Jr.
















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing processed market round
oranges and fresh market seedless grapefruit in the Southwest area of
Florida are presented for the third consecutive year. The format
presented may be used by individual growers to budget costs, utilizing
individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, budgeting, costs, round oranges, seedless
grapefruit and Southwest Florida.



NOTE: Southwest Florida refers to those counties in the Florida
Agricultural Statistics Service "Southern Production Area."
However, the costs shown are applicable to other South Central
Florida counties such as DeSoto and Sarasota counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove
practices being used by growers--e.g., chemical mowing, different
spray materials, higher rates of fertilization, microsprinkler
irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs
shown are higher than previously reported.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in
Tables 5 and 6 are representative for a mature Southwest Florida
Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit grove, respectively,
the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ
depending upon the grove practices performed. For example, a
Temik application would add $122.22 per acre; extensive tree loss
due to blight or tristeza could double, if not increase more, the
tree replacement and care costs.



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final
draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to citrus growers and production
managers of Southwest Florida who provided suggestions for the revision
of this manuscript.





i
















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing processed market round
oranges and fresh market seedless grapefruit in the Southwest area of
Florida are presented for the third consecutive year. The format
presented may be used by individual growers to budget costs, utilizing
individual data on specific groves.

Key words: citrus, budgeting, costs, round oranges, seedless
grapefruit and Southwest Florida.



NOTE: Southwest Florida refers to those counties in the Florida
Agricultural Statistics Service "Southern Production Area."
However, the costs shown are applicable to other South Central
Florida counties such as DeSoto and Sarasota counties.

The budget cost items have been revised to reflect current grove
practices being used by growers--e.g., chemical mowing, different
spray materials, higher rates of fertilization, microsprinkler
irrigation, more reset trees, etc. Therefore, the revised costs
shown are higher than previously reported.

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in
Tables 5 and 6 are representative for a mature Southwest Florida
Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit grove, respectively,
the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ
depending upon the grove practices performed. For example, a
Temik application would add $122.22 per acre; extensive tree loss
due to blight or tristeza could double, if not increase more, the
tree replacement and care costs.



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final
draft of this manuscript.

Appreciation is also extended to citrus growers and production
managers of Southwest Florida who provided suggestions for the revision
of this manuscript.





i
















TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

ABSTRACT . . . .. . . i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT .... . . . .. i

LIST OF TABLES. .. . . .. ..... iii

INTRODUCTION. . . . . ... 1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION . . . . .. 1

COSTS AND INPUTS. . . . . . 1

THE GROVE SITUATION ............... .. 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS. . . . . 7

HISTORICAL COST TRENDS. ..... . . . ... 10

REFERENCES. . . . . . . 13

ADDENDA ................... ........ 14


























ii















LIST OF TABLES


Table Page

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a
Southwest Florida mature, round orange grove, 1988-89 3

2 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a
Southwest Florida mature, seedless grapefruit grove,
1988-89 . . . . . .... 4

3 Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre
for 'Hamlin' oranges, 1988-89 . .. . 6

4 Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre
for red seedless grapefruit, 1988-89. . .. 6

5 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature,
'Hamlin' orange citrus grove producing for the processed
market, Southwest Florida area, 1988-89 . .. 8

6 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature,
red seedless grapefruit grove producing for the fresh
market, Southwest Florida area, 1988-89 . . 9

7 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 3-year
average costs and returns for a mature Hamlin orange
grove producing citrus for processed market in Southwest
Florida area, 1986-87--1988-89. . . . 11

8 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 3-year
average costs and returns (adjusted to 1989 dollars) for a
mature Hamlin orange grove producing citrus for processed
market in Southwest Florida area, 1986-87--1988-89. 11

9 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 3-year
average costs and returns for a mature red seedless
grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh market packing
in Southwest Florida area, 1986-87--1988-89 . 12

10 Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 3-year
average costs and returns (adjusted to 1989 dollars) for
a mature red seedless grapefruit grove producing citrus
for fresh fruit packing in Southwest Florida area,
1986-87--1988-89. . . . . 12








BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR SOUTHWEST
FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTION, 1988-89


Ronald P. Muraro and Edgar D. Holcomb, Jr.


INTRODUCTION


Southwest Florida has become a major citrus production area. Over
132,000 acres of citrus are located in this region. Continued expansion
of citrus acreage is expected.
Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions.
Budget analysis can be used to calculate potential profits from an
operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation, and to
determine break-even prices. This paper presents a budget constructed
from current data and serves as a format for growers to analyze costs
and returns from their individual records.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom
operators, input suppliers, growers, and colleagues at the Citrus
Research and Education Center in Lake Alfred. This survey is conducted
annually in February and March.


COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus
growers as well as the average of the data obtained from annual custom
rate and chemical and fertilizer surveys. Grower costs are shown in the
ADDENDA, Tables 1-A through 8-A. The custom rate costs are shown in
Table 9-A and the various chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in
Table 10-A in the ADDENDA. Historic on-tree prices for selected citrus

RONALD P. MURARO is associate professor of food and resource
economics and extension farm management economist. He is stationed at
the Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred. EDGAR D. HOLCOMB,
JR. is extension agent, multi-county stationed at the Southwest Florida
Research and Education Center, Immokalee.










varieties are shown in 11-A. Although brand names are used in many of
the tables in the Addenda, this does not imply endorsement by the
University of Florida. It is merely an attempt to depict typical
production practices.
All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to
insert data from a particular grove. This will allow a comparison of
the grower's costs with those presented.


THE GROVE SITUATION


Production practices for a Southwest Florida orange and grapefruit
grove are shown in Tables 1 and 2, respectively, with the times during
the year when they would likely be performed. There are two benefits to
developing such a table for an individual grove. First, it shows what
work is needed and when, so that operations can be planned well in
advance. Second, it can be helpful if an annual cash flow analysis is
developed to plan financing. The individual grower may benefit from
developing such a plan for a particular grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it
difficult to define a "typical" grove. Many combinations of practices
and various tree combinations accomplish production of acceptable yields
and returns. Although the examples represent a Hamlin orange and red
seedless grapefruit grove, the cost data is designed to be applicable to
most grove situations. A grower, realtor, or land appraiser can
substitute individual grove costs into the budget format and develop a
budget for a particular grove. A "your cost" column in the tables is
provided for this purpose.
In the following cost budgets, above average management and
cultural practices are assumed. Beyond this general assumption, the
following specifics are assumed:


1. A mature, drip-irrigated grove;
2. Varieties are processed market 'Hamlin' oranges and
fresh market red seedless grapefruit;
3. Annual tree loss is 4 trees per acre for oranges and 3
trees per acre for grapefruit;














Table 1.-Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature, round orange grove, 1988-89a

Month Annual
Jan Feb Mar Apr Hay Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec total


505
Total revenue: 20% Partial Final
deposit payment payment
Less: Pick & haul cost X
DOC advertisement tax X
Adjusted revenue

Grove expenses:
Disc
Chop
Mow X X X X X
Labor, general grove
work, pull vines X X
Herbicide (1/2 grove acre
equivalent) X X X
Spray: Dormant
Post bloom/nutritional X
Supplemental miticide
Summer oil/greasy spot I
Fall miticide I
Fertilizer 751 N/A 751 N/A 75# N/A Dolomite
Hedging and topping Hedge
Brush removal/mow brush Mow brush
Tree removal X
Young tree care X X X X X
Drip Irrigation (times/week) 1 2 3 4 4 2 1 1 2 2 1 1
Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X
Grove taxes including water management X
Interest expense X
Annual principal payment on mortgage X
Total grove expenses

Net returns (loss)

Cumulative net returns

aThis is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.


__

















Table 2.--Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature, seedless grapefruit grove, 1988-89a

Month Annual
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec total


Total revenue: 20% Final
deposit payment
Less: Pick & haul cost X
DOC advertisement tax X
Adjusted revenue

Grove expenses:
Disc
Chop
Mow X X X X X
Labor, general grove
work, pull vines X X
Herbicide (1/2 grove acre
equivalent) X X X
Spray: Dormant
Post bloom/nutritional X
Supplemental miticide X
Summer oil/greasy spot I X
Fall miticide X
Fertilizer 751 N/A 75- N/A 75 N/A N/A Dolomite
Hedging and topping Hedge
Brush removal/mow brush Mow brush
Tree removal I
Young tree care X X X X X
Drip Irrigation (times/week) 1 2 3 I 2 1 1 2 2 1 1
Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X
Grove taxes including water management
Interest expense X
Annual principal payment on mortgage X
Total grove expenses

Net returns (loss)

Cumulative net returns

aThis is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.








4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls
below 50 percent of expected yield;
5. Tree density is 116 trees per acre for oranges and 96
trees per acre for grapefruit.


As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will
vary. The budget reflects the following age distribution:


Hamlin Oranges
Situation
3.5% pulled and reset
3.5% 1 year old
3.5% 2 years old
3.5% 3 years old
3.5% 4 years old
38.5% 5-15 years old
3.5% producing 50% of expected yield
40.5% over 15 years old
and
Red Seedless Grapefruit
Situation
3% pulled and reset
3% 1 year old
3% 2 years old
3% 3 years old
3% 4 years old
33% 5-15 years old
3% producing 50% of expected yield
49% over 15 years old


Boxes/tree
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.9
4.0
2.8
5.6



Boxes/tree
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.7
4.5
3.7
7.4


Calculation for normal production per tree and per acre for
'Hamlin' oranges and red seedless grapefruit are shown in Tables 3 and
4. As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will vary
as reflected in the projected yields.










Table 3.-Calculation of normal production per tree and
'Hamlin' oranges, 1988-89


per acre for


Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes


Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. age age ----No.----

3 years 116 x 3.5% = 4.0 x 0.7 = 2.8
4 years 116 x 3.5% = 4.0 x 0.9 = 3.6
5-15 years 116 x 38.5% = 44.7 x 4.0 = 178.8
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 116 x 3.5% = 4.0 x 2.8 = 11.2
Over 16 years 116 x 40.5% = 47.0 x 5.6 = 263.2

Total boxes = 459.6


proportion adds up to 89.5 percent as 10.5 percent of the trees
were non-bearing (pulled and reset, 1 and 2 year old trees; see page 5).



Table 4.-Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for red
seedless grapefruit, 1988-89

Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes


Total no. Proportion No. ea.
a
all ages ea. age age -----No.-----

3 years 96 x 3.0% = 3.0 x 1.0 = 3.0
4 years 96 x 3.0% = 3.0 x 1.7 = 5.1
5-15 years 96 x 33% = 31.7 x 4.5 = 142.7
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 96 x 3.0% = 3.0 x 3.7 = 11.1
Over 16 years 96 x 49% = 47.0 x 7.4 = 347.8

Total boxes = 509.7


the trees were
see page 5).


proportion adds up to 91 percent as 9 percent of
non-bearing (pulled and reset, 1 and 2 year old trees;








BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS


The estimated budget costs and returns for the two Southwest
Florida grove situations are shown in Tables 5 and 6. The budgeted
costs represent one possible citrus production program and were selected
from the costs shown in the ADDENDA tables. The gross revenue estimates
are based on the projected yields in Tables 3 and 4 and estimated
preliminary on-tree prices for the 1988-89 season.
As shown in Table 5, per acre revenue for processed market 'Hamlin'
oranges is $2,990.00. Total per acre specified costs are $919.92, being
comprised of grove care costs of $770.42, plus management cost of
$149.50. Return to land, trees, and ownership which represents net
return above fixed costs is $2,070.08. The break-even prices ranged
from $2.90 to $1.87 per box on-tree and $0.85 to $0.66 per pound solids
at 300 and 500 boxes per acre, respectively.
In Table 6, total revenue for fresh market red seedless grapefruit
is estimated to be $2,646.90 per acre. Total specified costs are
$933.76, being comprised of grove care costs of $801.41, plus management
cost of $132.35. Return to land, trees, and ownership or net return
above fixed costs is $1,713.14. The break-even price for seedless
grapefruit ranged from $2.55 to $1.72 per box on-tree and $1.10 to $0.91
per pound solids for eliminations at 350 and 550 boxes per acre,
respectively.
In addition to the management cost, ad valorem taxes, and overhead
and administrative costs--such as water drainage/district taxes, crop
insurance, and other grower assessments--can add up to 12 percent of the
total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending
on age, location, soil, and time of purchase or establishment. However,
as a guideline, ad valorem taxes in the Southwest Florida citrus area
average $40 to $50 per acre. These costs should be considered in
arriving at a net return to land, trees, and ownership (total return
minus costs). Also, annual debt payment (principal and interest) may be
as high as $600 per acre ($4,500 average debt per acre @ 12 percent
interest over 20 years) which would reduce total available cash for
grove expansion or other investment.









Table 5.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, 'Hamlin' orange citrus grove producing for the processed market,
Southwest Florida area, 1988-89

Item Description Amount Tour cost

------------------Dollars---------------

I. Revenue 460 boxes e $6.50b 2,990.00
II. Expenses
Weed control
Mow middles 6 times per year 53.88
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 16.86
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Programs 11 & 14) 120.13 190.87
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs #1, 19 & #19) 141.75
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #4) 138.37
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Program #1) 10.79
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($325.00/hr. 4 8.0 A/hr.) + 3 yrs. 13.54
Remove brush from trees ($13.03/A 3 yrs.) 4.34
Hedging ($185.00/hr. 4 8.0 A/hr.) 2 yrs. 11.56
Mow brush 12.98 42.42
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees 4.0 trees per acre 19.24
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 4.0 trees per acre 29.69
Water, herbicide, Ridomil (Average 5 waterings) 14.44
Fertilizer Including application 33.17 96.54
Drip irrigation (Table 8-A, Program #1) 83.40 0_
Drainage ditch annual costs (Table 8-A, Program #6) 66.28
Total grove care expenses 770.42
III. Management 5% of gross salese 149.50
IV. Total specified costs 919.92
V. Return to land, trees, and ownership 2,070.08
VI. Break-even price for total specified costs.
Boxes per acre Boxes per acre

300 350 400 450 500 300 350 100 450 500

$ On-tree price per box $ Delivered-in price per pound solid
2.90 2.53 2.25 2.04 1.87 0.85 0.78 0.73 0.69 0.66

aAlthough the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Tables 5 and 6 are representative for a mature Southwest Florida
Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit grove, respectively, the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ depending
upon the grove practices performed; e.g., a Temik application would add $122.22 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or
tristeza would double the tree replacement and care costs; etc.
On-tree price per box is preliminary; assumes price for processed oranges only.
cOther methods to estimate a management cost--e.g., $2.50 to $5.00 per acre per month or 10% of total grove care costs--are used
in the industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and trees than reported here.
dOther cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes, and interest on grove investment. In addition to
these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water drainage/district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower
assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location,
and time of purchase or grove establishment.
eAsbumes 5.5 pound solids per box and $1.75 pick and haul cost per box.






Table 6.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove producing for the fresh market,
Southwest Florida area, 1988-89

Item Description Amount Tour cost

------------------Dollars--------------
I. Revenue 510 boxes 8 $5.19b 2,646.90
II. Expenses
Weed control
How middles 6 times per year 53.88
General grove work/sprouting (2 labor hours per acre) 16.86
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Programs 01 & 04) 120.13 190.87
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs 01, 06, #9, 19 & 020) 196.87
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program 14) 138.37
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Program #1) 10.79
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($325.00/hr. 4 8.0 A/hr.) 3 yrs. 13.54
Remove brush from trees ($13.03/A 4 3 yrs.) 4.34
Hedging ($185.00/hr. 4 8.0 A/hr.) + 2 yrs. 11.56
Removing/chop brush 12.98 42.42
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees 3.0 trees per acre 14.43
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 3.0 trees per acre 22.27
Water, herbicide, Ridomil (Average 5 waterings) 10.83
Fertilizer Including application 24.88 72.41
Drip irrigation (Table 8-A, Program #1) 83.40
Drainage ditch annual costs (Table 8-A, Program #6) 66.28 \o
Total grove care expenses 801.41
III. Management 5% of gross sales 132.35
IV. Total specified costs 933.76
V. Return to land, trees, and ownership 1,713.14
VI. Break-even price for total specified costs.
Boxes per acre Boxes per acre

350 400 450 500 550 350 400 450 500 550

$ On-tree price per box $ Delivered-in price per pound solids for eliminationse
2.55 2.26 2.04 1.86 1.72 1.10 1.03 0.98 0.94 0.91

Although the estimated annual per acre grove costs shown in Tables 5 and 6 are representative for a mature Southwest Florida
Hamlin orange and red seedless grapefruit grove, respectively, the grove care costs for a specific grove site may differ depending
upon the grove practices performed; e.g., a Temik application would add $122.22 per acre; extensive tree loss due to blight or
tristeza would double the tree replacement and care costs; etc.
bn-tree price per box is preliminary; assumes average of all methods of sale (fresh and processed). Price assumes 75% of fruit
harvested packed fresh.
COther methods to estimate a management cost--e.g., $2.50 to $5.00 per acre per month or 10% of total grove care costs--are used in the
industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and trees than reported here.
dOther cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes, and interest on grove investment. In addition to
these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water drainage/district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower
assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location,
and time of purchase or grove establishment.
eAssumes 4.5 pound solids per box, $1.55 pick and haul cost per box, $0.45 per box handling through packinghouse, and $0.40 per
box delivery to processing plant.









HISTORICAL COST TRENDS


Annual budgets of costs and returns for mature processed Hamlin
oranges and mature fresh market seedless grapefruit in the Southwest
Florida area have been developed and published in each of the past two
years. Estimated cost and return histories for 1986-87 and 1987-88
along with 1988-89, and a three-year average are presented in Tables 7
and 9. The effects of recent freezes on Florida's annual orange and
grapefruit supply has resulted in a fluctuating on-tree price per box.
However, even with increasing operating costs, annual net return to land
and trees has increased over the three-year period. To allow
comparisons in current values, these same costs and returns, adjusted to
1989 dollars, are presented in Tables 8 and 10.









Table 7.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 3-year average
costs and returns for a mature Hamlin orange grove producing
citrus for processed market in Southwest Florida area, 1986-87
--1988-89

On-tree Total Net return to
price Gross specified land, trees,
Year /box Yield revenue costs and ownership

----------------Dollars--------------
1986-87 $4.43 460 2,037.80 810.20 1,227.60
1987-88 5.73 460 2,635.80 875.36 1,760.44
1988-89 6.50b 460 2,990.00 919.92 2,070.08

3-yr. avg. 5.55 460 2,553.00 868.49 1,684.51

On-tree prices for all sales methods as reported by the Florida
Agricultural Statistics Service (Table 11-A in the Addenda).

bPreliminary estimate by author at time of printing and is not a
published price.

Fixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are
not included. A management cost of 5% of gross revenue is included.



Table 8.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 3-year average
costs and returns (adjusted to 1989 dollars) for a mature
Hamlin orange grove producing citrus for processed market in
Southwest Florida area, 1986-87--1988-89

Inflation On-tree Total Net return to
factor price Gross specified land, trees,
Year index /box Yield revenue costs and ownership

--------------Dollars------------
1986-87 109.3 $4.84 460 2,226.40 885.55 1,340.85
1987-88 105.0 6.02 460 2,769.20 919.13 1,850.07
1988-89 100.0 6.50 460 2,990.00 919.92 2,070.08

3-yr. avg. -- 5.79 460 2,663.40 908.20 1,755.20

aConsumer price index for each year adjusted to 1989 prices (1989 =
100), with 1989 consumer price index estimated to be 372.0. Consumer
price index for other years are: 1987 = 340.4 and 1988 = 354.3.









Table 9.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 3-year average
costs and returns for a mature red seedless grapefruit grove
producing citrus for fresh market packing in Southwest Florida
area, 1986-87--1988-89

On-tree Total Net return to
price Gross specified land, trees,
Year /boxa Yield revenue costs and ownership

----------------Dollars--------------
1986-87 $6.13 510 3,126.30 893.74 2,232.56
1987-88 5.87 510 2,993.70 926.69 2,067.01
1988-89 5.19b 510 2,646.90 933.76 1,713.14

3-yr. avg. 5.73 510 2,922.30 918.06 2,004.24

aOn-tree prices for all sales methods as reported by the Florida
Agricultural Statistics Service (Table 11-A in the Addenda).

bPreliminary estimate by author at time of printing and is not a
published price.

CFixed costs such as taxes, debt service, and crop insurance are
not included. A management cost of 5% of gross revenue is included.



Table 10.--Estimated annual per acre costs and returns and 3-year average
costs and returns (adjusted to 1989 dollars) for a mature red
seedless grapefruit grove producing citrus for fresh fruit
packing in Southwest Florida area, 1986-87--1988-89

Inflation On-tree Total Net return to
factor price Gross specified land, trees
Year index /box Yield revenue costs and ownership

--------------Dollars------------
1986-87 109.3 $6.70 510 3,417.00 976.86 2,440.14
1987-88 105.0 6.16 510 3,141.60 973.02 2,168.58
1988-89 100.0 5.19 510 2,646.90 933.76 1,713.14

3-yr. avg. -- 6.02 510 3,070.20 961.21 2,108.99

aConsumer price index for each year adjusted to 1989 prices (1989
100), with 1989 consumer price index estimated to be 372.0. Consumer
price index for other years are: 1987 = 340.4 and 1988 = 354.3.









REFERENCES


1. Florida Citrus Spray Guide 1989. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. Cir.
393-0. Gainesville: Jan. 1989.

2. Koo, R. C. J., editor. Recommended Fertilizers and Nutritional
Sprays for Citrus. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 536D.
Gainesville: March 1984.

3. Muraro, Ronald P. "Comparative Citrus Budgets for Southwest
Florida, 1988 and 1989." Lake Alfred Citrus Research and Education
Center (CREC) Report. Lake Alfred, FL: Apr. 1989.

4. "Cost for Establishing, Planting, and Maintaining a Citrus
Grove through Four Years of Age." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake
Alfred, FL: Nov. 1985.

5. "Cost of Planting and Maintaining Reset Citrus Trees
through Four Years." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL:
Aug. 1985.

6. "Summary Custom Rate Survey for Twenty-two Indian River-
South Florida Citrus Caretakers." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake
Alfred, FL: Apr. 1989.

7. "Using Mortgage Repayment Capacity to Determine the Maximum
Price to Pay for a Citrus Grove," The Citrus Industry Magazine,
September 1985, Volume 66, No. 9, pp. 15, 17.

8. Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Age. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8.
Univ. of Fla., Gainesville. 1960.


mmm













ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Programs for Southwest Florida Citrus
Production for Both Round Oranges and Grapefruit


Page


Table 1-A.







Table 2-A.


Table 3-A.


Table 4-A.


Table 5-A.

Table 6-A.


Table 7-A.

Table 8-A.


Spray programs. .


Post bloom spray. .
Summer spray . .
Fall spray. . .

Herbicide . .


Dry fertilizer. .


Liquid fertilizer .

Fertigation . .

Nematicides . .

Soil amendment. .


Irrigation--annual cost


Drip. . . .
Microsprinkler. .


Flood .


per acre.


Volume gun (traveling). .
Drainage ditch annual costs


Table 9-A.



Table 10-A.



Table 11-A.


Table 12-A.


A listing of 1989 custom rates reported by twenty-two
Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. ..


Summary of average chemical and fertilizer price
estimates, 1989 . . . . .


Historic prices for selected citrus varieties ..


Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual
payment capacity . . . . .


Cu = Copper
Fe = Iron
Mg = Magnesium


Mn = Manganese
Zn = Zinc


. . . . .




. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . 0 .
oooooo

oooooooo
o0ooo
oooooo


. ..o. .

ooool


oooooooo


oeeoooo


. . . .





. .
* .















Table 1-A.--Spray programs


POST BLOOM SPRAY


Materials/


Amount/


Spray Program #1 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Cu 15 lbs $17.40
Zn 10 lbs 9.00
Mn 15 lbs 4.35
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.11
Ground Application 250 gals 20.28

Total per Application $53.14

----------------------------------------------------------e-
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #2 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Cu 7 lbs $ 8.12
Zn, Mn, Nitrates 1 pt 0.85
Kelthane 2.5 pts 12.10
Ground Application 100 gals 15.23

Total per Application $36.30

---------------------***-------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #3 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates 1 pt $ 0.89
Cu 7 lbs 8.12
Chlorobenzilate 2 pts 8.81
Urea 3.5 lbs 0.54
Oil 1 gal 1.66
Ground Application 100 gals 15.23


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Total per Application


$33.59










Table 1-A.--POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)

Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #4 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Dicofol 5 pts $23.70
Cu 10 lbs 11.60
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 0.5 pt 1.06
Ground Application 250 gals 20.28

Total per Application $56.64


Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #5 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates 1 pt $ 0.89
Cu 7 lbs 8.12
Urea 2 lbs 0.31
Ground Application 100 gals 15.23

Total per Application $24.55


Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #6 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Vendex 4L 1.25 Ibs $20.63
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.11
Aerial Application 15 gals 5.75

Total per Application $28.49


Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #7 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Cu 4 lbs $ 4.64
Zn, Mn, Mg, Fe 4 pts 3.57
Ethion 6 pts 19.38
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 2 pts 4.22
Ground Application 500 gals 23.28


Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre


$55.09









Table 1-A.--POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)

Materials/
Spray Program #8 Ingredients

Lorsban
Cu
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Ground Application

Total per Application


Amount/
Acre

5 pts
10 lbs
1 pt
500 gals


Cost/Acre

$21.60
11.60
2.11
23.28

$58.59


SUMMER SPRAY
Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #9 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Oil 5 gals $ 8.30
Cu 3.75 lbs 4.35
Ethion 6 pts 19.38
Ground Application 250 gals 20.28

Total per Application $52.31


Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #10 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Oil 3 gals $ 4.98
Cu 7.0 lbs 8.12
Ethion 3.75 pts 12.11
Ground Application 100 gals 15.23

Total per Application $40.44

Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #11 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates 1 pt $ 0.89
Vendex 2 lbs 33.00
Urea 3.5 lbs 0.54
Cu 4 lbs 4.64
Ground Application 100 gals 15.23


Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre











Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre


$54.30










Table 1-A.--SUMMER SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #12


Spray Progr












Spray Progr


Spray Progr


Materials/
Ingredients


Amount/
Acre


Cost/Acre


Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates 1 pt $ 0.89
Chlorobenzilate 2 pts 8.81
Urea 3.5 Ibs 0.54
Cu 4 lbs 4.64
Oil 4 gals 6.64
Ground Application 100 gals 15.23

Total per Application $36.75
------------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
*am #13 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates 1 pt $ 0.89
Zineb 4 lbs 11.52
Urea 3.5 lbs 0.54
Oil 4 gals 6.64
Ground Application 100 gals 15.23


Total per Application $34.82

Materials/ Amount/
Materials/ Amount/


am #14 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Zn, Mn, Mg, Fe 4 pts $ 3.57
Citrufilm 1.25 gals 8.17
Cu 4 lbs 4.64
Vendex 1.5 Ibs 24.75
Lorsban 5 pts 21.61
Ground Application 500 gals 23.28

Total per Application $86.02
------------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
am #15 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Oil 2.5 qts $ 4.15
Vendex 2 lbs 33.00
Cu 4 Ibs 4.64
Ground Application 250 gals 20.28

Total per Application $62.07


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre












Table 1-A.--SUMMER SPRAY


Spray Program #16


(cont'd.)

Materials/
Ingredients

Ethion
Cu
Oil
Ground Application

Total per Application


Amount/
Acre

6 pts
4 Ibs
5 gals
500 gals


Cost/Acre

$19.38
4.64
8.30
23.28

$55.60


Your
Cost/Acre


Table 1-A.--FALL SPRAY


Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #17 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Kelthane 6 pts $29.06
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.11
Ground Application 250 gals 20.28

Total per Application $51.45


Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #18 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Chlorobenzilate 2.5 pts $11.01
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.11
Ground Application 50 gals 9.00

Total per Application $22.12


Materials/ Amount/
Spray Program #19 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre

Dicofol 6 pts $28.44
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 1 pt 2.11
Aerial Application 15 gals 5.75


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


$36.30


Total per Application










Table 1-A.--FALL SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #20


Materials/
Ingredients


Vendex 4L
Aerial Application
Total per Application


Table 2-A.--Herbicide


Herbicide Program #1


Materials/
Ingredients

Krovar II
Paraquat


Amount/
Acre

6 lbs
1.5 pts


Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


$51.54
7.17


Ground Application
(2 times) 80 gals 20.66
Total for 2 Applications $79.37
--------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
Herbicide Program #2 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre


Solicam
Simazine


8 lbs
4 Ibs


Your
Cost/Acre


$97.20
9.00


Ground Application
(2 times) 80 gals 20.66
Total for 2 Applications $126.86
----------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
Herbicide Program #3 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre


Round-up
Adjuvant (Surfactant)


2 qts
1 qt


Your
Cost/Acre


$30.66
4.22


Ground Application
(1 time) 20 gals 10.33
Total for 1 Application $45.21
--------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
Herbicide Program #4 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre


Krovar I
Oil


6 lbs
1 gal


Your
Cost/Acre


$51.54
1.66


Ground Application
(2 times) 100 gals 20.66
Total for 2 Applications $73.86
-----------------------------------------


Amount/
Acre

1.25 lbs


Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


$20.63
6.00
$26.63









Table 2-A.--Herbicide (cont'd.)


Herbicide Program #5


Herbicide P


Herbicide P
(Chemica


Materials/
Ingredients
Round-up
Princep
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Amount/
Acre
1 qt
4 lbs
1 qt

50 gals


Cost/Acre
$15.33
10.88
4.22


Your
Cost/Acre


10.33
$40.76


Materials/ Amount/
programm #6 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre


Round-up
Adjuvant (Surfactant)
Princep
Ground Application


1 qt
1 qt
4 lbs


Your
Cost/Acre


$15.33
4.22
10.88


(2 times) 100 gals 20.66
Total for 2 Applications $51.09
-------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
program #7 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre
1 mow) Round-up 0.5 pt $ 3.84
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 0.25 pt 0.53


Ground Application
(1 time) 7.00
Total for 1 Application $11.37
-----------------------------------------------------------
Materials/ Amount/
Herbicide Program #8 Ingredients Acre Cost/Acre
(Chemical mow) Round-up 0.75 pt $ 5.75
Adjuvant (Surfactant) 0.25 pt 0.53


Ground Application
(1 time)
Total for 1 Application


Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


7.00
$13.28


Program #1


Analysis/Material
Applied
12-2-15-2.4 MgO
Application
Total for 3 Applications


Amount/
Acre
1500 lbs
3 times


Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre
$119.54
17.40
$136.94










Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer (cont'd.)


Program #2








Program #3


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

15-4-15-2.4 MgO 1200 Ibs $ 96.78
Application 3 times 17.40
Total for 3 Applications $114.18
--------------------------------------------------------me--
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

17-4-17-2.4 MgO 1200 lbs $110.25


Application

Total for 2 Applications


Program #4


Program #5


------------------------------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

15-4-15-2.4 MgO 1500 lbs $120.97

Application 3 times 17.40

Total for 3 Applications $138.37

------------------------------------------------------------
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

16-4-16-3 MgO 1500 lbs $128.97

Application 3 times 17.40

Total for 3 Applications $146.37
--------------------------------------------------------m---
Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

17-0-17-3 MgO 1600 lbs $141.35

Application 3 times 17.40

Total for 3 Applications $158.75
------------------------------------------------------------


Program #6


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


2 times


11.60

$121.85


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre









Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer (cont'd.)


Program #7

(Young 1
Soli


Program #8

(Young Ti
SolJ


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

rrees-- 8-4-8-.25 Cu-.25 Mn 475 lbs $39.55
id Set)
Application 1 time 3.93

Total for 1 Application $43.48


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

'ees-- 8-4-8-.25 Cu-.25 Mn 302 lbs $25.15
id Set)
Application 1 time 3.93
Total for 1 Application $29.08


Table 4-A.--Liquid fertilizer (Double boom application)


Analysis/Material


Amount/


Applied Acre Cost/Acre

12-0-12 1500 lbs $ 97.50

Double Boom Application 3 times 33.00
Total for 3 Applications $130.50

Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

12-4-12 1500 lbs $111.50

Double Boom Application 3 times 33.00

Total for 3 Applications $144.50

Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

12-0-12 1500 lbs $ 94.77
Krovar II 6 lbs 51.54


Double Boom Application
Total for 3 Applications


3 times


Your
Cost/Acre







Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


33.00
$179.31


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Program #1








Program #2









Program #3









Table 5-A.--Fertigation


Program #1

(Supplemental)


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-0-10


Amount/
Acre

400 lbs


Cost/Acre

$21.91


Application 3.67
Total per Application $25.58


Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #2 Applied Acre Cost/Acre

(Supplemental) 8-4-8 750 lbs $44.61


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #3

(Exclusive)


Application 4.62

Total per Application $49.23


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

8-0-8 2000 lbs $107.40


Application


Total per Application


Your
Cost/Acre


12.90

$120.30









Table 6-A.--Nematicides


Program #1









Program #2









Program #3


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

Temik 15 G 33 lbs $110.22

Application 12.00

Total per Application $122.22


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

Nemacur 15 G 67 lbs $190.28

Application 12.00

Total per Application $202.28


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

Nemacur 15 G 50 lbs $142.00

Application 12.00

Total per Application $154.00


Table 7-A.--Soil amendment

Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #1 Applied Acre Cost/Acre

(Every 3 years) Dolomite (Delivered) 1 ton $26.36
Application 1 time 6.00

Total for 1 Application $32.36
(Average 1/3 Ton Applied/Yr) $10.79


Analysis/Material Amount/
Program #2 Applied Acre Cost/Acre

(Every year) Dolomite (Delivered) 1000 lbs $13.18
Application 6.00

Total per Application $19.18


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre


j










Table 8-A.--Irrigation--annual cost per acre


DRIP


Program #1

Operating $50.75
(Electric)


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #2

$34.51
(Diesel)


Maintenance of System 32.65 37.55

Total Cost $83.40 $72.06

MICROSPRINKLER------------------------------
MICROSPRINKLER


Program #3

Operating $ 63.45
(Electric)


Maintena

Total


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #4

$43.14
(Diesel)


Your
Cost/Acre


since of System 38.83 44.66

Cost $102.28 $87.80

--------------FLOOD VOLUME GUN (TRAVELING)
FLOOD VOLUME GUN (TRAVELING)


Program #5

Operating $82.64


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #6

$189.98
(Diesel)


Maintenance of System 5.91 16.11

Total Cost $88.55 $206.09

--------DRAINAGE DITCH ANNUAL COSTS
DRAINAGE DITCH ANNUAL COSTS


Ditches/Canals Maintenance
Weed Control in Ditches/Canals
Water Control: In/Out of Ditches and Canals


Program #7

$25.21
8.14
32.93


$66.28


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


__ __


__ __


Total







Table 9-A.-A listing of 1989 custom rates reported by twenty-two Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers


Unit


Range of Rate Average
Reported Ratey


CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT:


Hand Hoe/Hand Labor
Rotovate
Disc 7'
Disc 10'
Now:
5-7'
9-10'
15-16'
V-Mower
Sickle Mnwer
Herbicide (Strip/Band--
Single loom)
Herbicide (Strip/Band-
Single joom)
Herbicide (Strip/Band-
Double Boom)
Herbicide (Trunk-to-Trunk)
Herbicidez (Chemical How)
Herbicide2 (Ctemical How)
Temik/Nemacur
Plow
Backhoe
Vine Puller
Truck with Driver
Truck with Driver
Tractor with Driver
Power Saw with Operator
Power Saw w/out Operator
Bush Hog
Middle Buster
Hound Builder
Grader Blade-S15.00/hour (e


SPRAYING:s

Hand Sprayer
Boom Sprayer
Boom Sprayer
Dilute. 500 gal, tank
2X, 500 gal. tank
3X. 500 gal. tank
4X, 500 gal. tank
6X. 500 gal. tank
Aerial
Aerial
Aerial

DUSTING:z

Aerial Application

FERTILIZING:Z

Liquid Boom Application:
Single Boom-Nitrogen
Double Boom:
Mix Fertilizer
Mix Fertilizer
and Herbicide
Dry (Bulk)
Dry (Bulk)
Dry (Bulk)
Lime or Dolomite
Lime or Dolomite
Fertilize Young Trees:z
Hand Spread
Fert. Spreader
Inject Liquid Fertilizer
into Irrigation System;
Aerial

IRRIGATION:

Water Furrow Disc
Water Furrow Cleaner
Water Furrow Shaper
Rotary Ditcher or Auger
Water Trencher
Water Truck
Ring Young Trees:
Hand Labor
Mechanical
10"-12" Portable Pump
3-Wheeler for Microjrt
4-Wheeler for Microjet


Hour $ 6.75-$ 10.00
Hour 22.00- 35.00
Hour 19.50- 25.25
Hour 20.00- 31.00


20.50-
22.00-
25.00-
22.00-
23.00-


25.25
29.50
31.00
31.00
28.50


$ 8.44
26.99
23.16
23.67

22.77
25.17
27.97
25.97
25.50


Plus transportation; One reporting base wage rate plus 351

One reporting 6$.00/acre



One reporting $7.00/acre (one way)
Average $6.50/acre (one way)


Hour 23.00- 28.50 26.63 Plus materials

Acre 8.00- 11.00 10.33 Plus materials


Acre 10.00- 12.00 10.67
Acre 9.00- 12.00 10.33
Hour 23.00- 28.00 21.50
Acre 5.00- 10.00 7.00
Acre 10.00- 14.00 12.00
Hour 18.00- 25.00 21.50
Hour 30.00- 38.00 33.91
Hour 18.00- 21.85 19.93
Hour 13.00- 15.00 14.00
Hour 18.00- 30.65 22.22
Hour 18.00- 25.00 20.87
Hour 14.00- 22.90 15.88
Hour 5.00- 7.50 6.38
Hour 24.85
Hour 19.00- 22.00 20.67
Hour 22.00- 28.00 23.87
equipment only); AW 100 Grader-)S2.00/hour


Hour $ 31.00-$ 38.00
Hour 38.00- 10.50
Tank
Tank 18.00- 27.50
Tank 30.00- 43.50
Tank 38.00- 55.00
Tank 56.00- 60.00
Tank 70.00- 76.00
Fixed Wing: $3.00/acre
Fixed Wing: $1.00/acre
Fixed Wing: $5.75/acre


$ 33.58
39.25
28.50
22.00
34.04
44.82
58.00
73.00
Helicopter:
Helicopter:


Plus materials
Plus materials
Plus materials
Plus materials
Plus materials



Pick-up truck
One reporting Dump Truck with driver-S25.00/hour
One reporting I4-D tractor w/driver-$23.85/hour



With tractor -and driver
With tractor and driver
(driver and equipment)



Includes one worker
Includes one worker

One reporting $33.00/hour
Average $52.50/hour
PTO Air-driven Sprayer-S0O/hour; One reporting $20.50/acre

One reporting $16.50/acre
$9.25/acre # 5 gallons per acre
$12.50/acre 0 10 gallons per acre
15 gallons per acre (160. acres)


10.09 60 lbs. per acre


Acre

Acre


Hour 25.85- 37.00
Acre 5.00- 7.00
Ton 13.50- 15.00
Acre 5.00- 6.50
Hour 25.85- 35.00

Hour 6.75- 10.00
Hour 18.60- 27.50


$ 10.00


11.00

12.00
32.62
5.80
14.25
6.00
30.43


One reporting $34.l1/ton for material and application


8.14 Plus transportation; One reporting $51.00/hr which includes
23.49 Plus materials \tractor, trailer, and 3 ne.


One reporting $30.00/hour for tractor, driver, and fertilizer tank; One reporting $16.00 per injection
Lb 4.O0


t 20.00-$ 31.00 $ 24.14
21.00- 26.25 23.68
35.00- 50.00 15.00
22.00- 25.00 23.50
30.00
20.00- 25.25 22.28

6.75- 10.00 8.44
35.00
18.00- 22.85 20.07
13.00- 15.00 14.25
13.00- 16.00 14.42


Equipment only


Plus transportation

Includes pump rate and set-up charge


(OVER)


Grove Practice


Comments











Table 9-A.--A listing of 1989 custom rates reported by twenty-two Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers (cont'd.)


Range of Rate AverJge
Grove Practice Unit Reported Rate Comments


START AND SUPERVISE:

Microsprinkler System
Drip System
Microsprinkler Maintenance

REMOVING TREES:


Hour $ 15.00-S 16.50 $ 15.70 Truck and driver
One reporting 135.00/hour; 89.00/acre
$2.50/acre/sonth plus parts; with spinners or blackbase-$3.00/acre/month plus parts


Front End Loader Hour $ 39.35-$ 45.00
Tree Shearing (Cutting Tree
at Ground Level) Hour
Bulldozer D-3-35.00/hour; D-6 fo

PRUNING:

General Pruning (Per Man) Hour S 6.75-$ 10.00
Hedging:
Single Side (Tractor Pulled) Hour
Single Side (Tractor Mounted) Hour
Double Side (Tractor Pulled) Hour 85.00- 87.50
Double Side (Self
Propelled) Hour 180.00- 190.00
Double Side (Self
Propelled) Hour 260.00- 275.00
Topping:
Tractor Pulled Hour 85.00- 87.85
Single Boom (Self
Propelled) Hour
Single Boom (Self
Propelled) Hour
Double Boom (Self
Propelled) Hour
Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt
Trimmer Hour 40.00- 50.00
Removing Brush:
Haul out of Grove Hour
Chop Brush Hour 22.85- 30.00
Mow Brush Hour

COLD PROTECTION (YOUNG TREES):

Hand Labor Hour $ 6.75-S 10.00
Hand Labor (Bank or Tree Wrap) Hour
Hand Labor (Bank or Tree Wrap) Per Tree
Tree Wraps Per Wrap 25.09- 30.0O
Tree Wraps (Material) Per Wrap 2.20- 2.40

OTHER CUSTOM RATES:

Plant Trees (Solid-Set) Each $ 1.00-$ 1.50
Plant Trees (Resets) Each 1.45- 2.30
Skilled Labor Hour 14.00- 15.40
Mechanic Labor Hour 14.00- 20.00
Mechanic Labor Hour 25.00- 40.00
Irrigation Manager Hour
Grove Management Charge Acre 1.50- 3.25
Per Month Acre 4.00- 6.00
One reporting 15d/box for handling and marketing fruit;
Irrigation Management/
Maintenance Per Month Acre
Consulting $75 per hour

Other Charge Reported 10-15% supervision charge

Total Acreage Provided
Grove Service to: Acre 300- 3,500


r


S 43.27 Average range 5 to 20 trees per hour

50.00 Average range 5 to 30 trees per hour
land clearing-t 65.00/hour


$ 8.44

65.00
65.00
86.43

185.00

267.50

86.43

190.00

325.00

430.00

45.00

22.00
27.62
32.50



$ 8.I44
43.00
90. c
27.5a
2.30


Plus transportation

4 to 8 acres/hour; equipment only
3 to 5 acres/hour
4 to 15 acres/hour

8 to 20 acres/hour depending on wood size

10 to 24 acres/hour depending on wood size

1 to 4 acres/hour depending on wood size

Average 8 to 10 acres/hour

4 to 10 acres/hour depending on wood size

2 to 10 acres/hour depending on wood size









Plus transportation and materials
Tractor, trailer plus two workers

For solid-set plantings plus cost of tree wrap
Material charge for tree wrap


$ 1.25
1.85 Varies as to density
14.88
16.40
31.70 Labor and service truck
16.00
2.50 In addition to caretaking charges; supervising grove care
5.00 Supervising grove care operations and \operations
Average 51 of net for handling and marketing fruit \marketing of fruit

2.50


e for all materials and outside contracting


1,928 Total acres reporting: 28,916


Source: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm Management Economist, Lake Alfred CREC. April 1989.


ZPlus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor and sprayer; supply truck included by most caretakers.

Calculated by dividing the total number of caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sum of the rates reported.








Table 10-A.--Summary of average chemical and fertilizer price estimates


Range of Price Average
Item Unit Reported Price


Fungicides: Aliette 80WP lb. $ 11.40-$ 11.98 $ 11.67
Benlate lb. 13.50- 14.25 13.90
Copper lb. 1.06- 1.25 1.16
Kocide 101 lb. 1.81- 1.90 1.84
Oil (Soluble) 435 gal. 1.43- 1.80 1.62
Oil (Soluble) 455 gal. 1.60- 1.80 1.70
Ridomil 2E gal. 141.90- 130.00 131.98
Ridomil 5G lb. 3.50- 3.65 3.54
Insecticides/Nematicides:
Carzol lb. 24.00- 25.90 25.43
Chlorobenzilate gal. 35.00- 35.50 35.25
Comite gal. 58.00
Cygon gal. 29.27- 36.00 33.58
Diazinon gal. 22.75- 27.00 24.18
Dicofol 4MF gal. 36.91- 38.50 37.88
Ethion gal. 25.30- 27.20 25.84
Guthion 2L gal. 24.00- 25.00 24.50
Kelthane MF gal. 38.50- 39.70 38.74
Lorsban 4EC gal. 33.50- 36.70 34.58
Lorsban 15G lb. 1.60- 1.65 1.61
Malathion gal. 14.15- 16.00 15.08
Metasystox-R gal. 32.00- 36.65 34.22
Methyl Bromide 98/2 lb. 0.82
Morestan 25WP lb. 10.50
Nemacur 3EC gal. 52.89
Nemacur 15G lb. 2.81- 2.92 2.84
Sevin 80S lb. 3.10- 3.70 3.40
Sulphur 6F gal. 3.60
Sulphur Dust ton 300.00- 380.00 333.33
Supracide gal. 35.55- 36.40 36.15
Temik 15G lb. 3.25- 3.58 3.34
Vapam gal. 6.50- 6.65 6.61
Vendex 50W lb. 16.50
Vendex 4L gal. 131.80- 144.98 134.00
Vorlex gal. 17.50
Vorlex 201 gal. 17.10
Zineb lb. 2.85- 2.90 2.88
Herbicides: DeVine gal. 63.50- 65.00 64.00
Direx gal. 18.00- 19.35 18.34
Fusilade 2000 gal. 88.00- 99.70 90.34
Gramoxone (Paraquat) gal. 37.00- 41.53 38.27
Hyvar L gal. 44.10- 45.71 44.55
Hyvar X lb. 11.10- 11.50 11.18
Karmex lb. 3.60- 3.95 3.86
Krovar I lb. 7.10- 7.81 7.22
Krovar II lb. 8.45- 9.30 8.59
Princep (Caliber 90) lb. 2.60- 2.86 2.72
Princep 4L gal. 11.60- 12.65 12.01
Round-up gal. 55.43- 64.50 61.32
Simazine 90 DF lb. 2.85
Simazine 80W lb. 2.25
Simazine 4L gal. 11.00- 12.60 11.70
Solicam lb. 11.95- 13.15 12.15
Treflan gal. 31.50- 36.67 33.39
Other Spray Materials:
Borates lb. 0.51- 0.58 0.55
Manganese lb. 0.26- 0.33 0.29
Adjuvant (Surfactant) gal. 14.95- 20.00 16.86
Zinc lb. 0.72- 1.05 0.90


(over)


I











Table 10-A.--Summary of average chemical and fertilizer price estimates (cont'd.)

Range of Price Average
Item Unit Reported Price


FERTILIZER (FOB Price # Plant)

Dry Mix

16-0-16
16-0-16-4Mg0
12-2-15-2.4 g0
8-8-8
8-8-8 w/minors
8-2-8
8-2-8-2 w/minors
6-6-6 w/minors


Liquid Mix

6-0-12
8-0-8
8-2-8
8-4-8
9-3-9
9-4-9
10-0-10
10-2-10
12-0-6
12-3-6


Slow Release (Young Tree)

6-6-6 w/minors (25% Organic)
IBDU
8-4-8
10-3-7
Osmocote
17-6-9 plus minors
On Scott
9-5-8 (sulfur coated
potash and urea)

Other Fertilizer Materials

Ammonium Nitrate (215 Liquid)
Ammonium Nitrate (Dry)
Ammonium Sulfate
Calcium Nitrate
Dolomite (at mine)
High Cal Lime (at mine)
Muriate of Potash
Super Phosphate
Triple Superphosphate

Average Delivery Cost


$125.80-$191.00
143.80- 206.00
131.75- 194.00
104.95- 165.00
117.00- 188.00
90.00- 170.00
110.70- 180.00
103.10- 180.00


85.80-


105.90-



97.10-
107.20-
94.90-
109.90-


129.00


132.00



122.00
130.00
142.00
148.00


ton


160.00- 190.00
83.42- 160.00
161.62- 210.00
8.95- 13.05
8.00- 8.20
155.00- 205.00
125.00- 190.00
160.00- 235.00

6.00- 12.00


SOURCE: Ronald P. Muraro, Extension Farm
Florida, April 1989.


Management Economist, CREC, Lake Alfred,


$149.38
165.35
159.38
127.78
142.17
120.80
136.17
138.13



88.10
107.40
95.80
118.95
106.50
111.50
109.55
117.68
118.45
128.95



147.45


272.00
391.00


2,000.00


500.00



105.00
173.69
112.25
179.09
10.99
8.07
165.05
145.00
182.15

9.05




Table 11-A.--Historic pricesa for selected citrus varieties

Variety

Crop Earlyb and mid-c Late season Temple Tan- Tan- Seedy Seedless grapefruit
year season oranges oranges oranges gerines gelos grapefruit (white) (pink)

1958-59 $2.65 $3.12 $2.87 $1.62 $3.55 $0.83 $1.11 $1.44
1959-60 1.82 2.07 2.41 2.59 4.29 0.91 1.16 1.05
1960-61 2.86 3.08 3.43 1.51 4.91 0.84 1.05 0.99
1961-62 1.93 1.81 2.17 2.04 3.36 0.51 0.68 0.86
1962-63 2.17 3.50 3.09 3.02 4.66 0.74 1.29 1.81
1963-64 4.43 4.45 4.45 3.18 4.83 1.91 2.24 2.54
1964-65 2.57 2.28 2.77 2.68 4.00 1.13 1.51 1.82
1965-66 1.44 1.79 1.80 2.14 2.85 1.09 1.39 1.64
1966-67 0.81 1.08 0.88 1.06 1.64 0.60 0.73 0.94
1967-68 1.86 2.28 2.79 4.29 3.22 1.48 2.05 2.48
1968-69 1.56 1.83 2.22 2.55 2.47 0.81 0.98 1.15
1969-70 1.15 1.13 1.47 2.23 1.13 1.42 1.72 1.92
1970-71 1.10 1.91 1.91 1.88 1.04 1.68 1.89 2.15
1971-72 1.98 2.11 1.95 2.97 1.69 2.01 2.27 2.69
1972-73 1.43 1.71 1.95 2.37 1.39 1.63 2.06 2.53
1973-74 1.38 1.59 1.64 2.82 1.25 1.31 1.58 2.12
1974-75 1.46 1.82 1.68 3.05 1.45 0.87 1.55 2.59
1975-76 1.69 1.88 1.79 3.02 1.42 0.85 1.29 2.23
1976-77 1.89 2.63 2.16 3.29 1.42 1.20 1.49 2.04
1977-78 3.90 4.40 3.92 4.79 3.29 1.45 1.47 2.09
1978-79 4.44 4.95 4.89 4.99 3.90 1.84 2.21 3.13
1979-80 3.59 3.89 2.89 4.25 2.87 3.04 3.12 3.80
1980-81 3.67 4.63 4.21 5.45 3.92 2.92 3.46 4.22
1981-82 4.27 4.29 4.01 6.23 3.58 1.13 1.92 2.80
1982-83 4.88 5.41 3.99 7.57 4.37 0.70 1.51 3.20
1983-84 5.09 6.72 5.34 5.93 4.28 2.01 2.08 4.05
1984-85 7.30 6.88 5.59 15.91 7.08 2.58 3.02 4.84
1985-86 3.92 3.97 3.01 12.69 4.06 3.27 3.56 4.98
1986-87 4.56 6.02 3.60 10.92 3.72 4.27 4.45 5.80
1987-88 5.85 7.88 5.07 12.77 5.35 4.89 5.29 5.81


a0n-tree average price per box (1-3/5 bushel
box equivalents) for all methods of sale
minus pick and haul charges.
Source: Florida Agricultural Statistics Service.


bNavel and Hamlin
cParson Brown and Pineapple
Valencia


e
Duncan
Marsh (white) or pink
gPreliminary










Table 12-A.-Debt which can be supported per $1,000.00 annual payment capacity

Rate

Years 9.0% 9.5% 10.0% 10.5% 11.05 11.5% 12.0% 12.5% 13.0% 13.5% 14.0% 14.5% 15.0%


1 917 913 909 905 901 897 893 889 885 881 877 873 870
2 1,759 1,747 1,754 1,724 1,713 1,701 1,690 1,679 1,668 1,657 1,647 1,636 1,626
3 2,531 2,509 2,487 2,465 2,444 2,423 2,402 2,381 2,361 2,341 2,322 2,302 2,283
4 3,240 3,204 3,170 3,136 3,102 3,070 3,037 3,006 2,974 2,944 2,914 2,884 2,855
5 3,890 3,840 3,791 3,743 3,696 3,650 3,605 3,561 3,517 3,475 3,433 3,392 3,352
6 4,486 4,420 4,355 4,292 4,230 4,170 4,111 4,054 3,998 3,942 3,889 3,836 3,784
7 5,033 4,950 4,868 4,789 4,712 4,640 4,564 4,492 4,423 4,355 4,288 4,224 4,160
8 5,535 5,433 5,335 5,239 5,146 5,056 4,968 4,882 4,799 4,718 4,639 4,562 4,487
9 5,995 5,875 5,759 5,646 5,537 5,431 5,328 5,228 5,132 5,038 4,946 4,858 4,772
10 6,418 6,279 6,145 6,015 5,889 5,768 5,650 5,536 5,426 5,319 5,216 5,116 5,019
11 6,805 6,647 6,495 6,348 6,207 6,070 5,938 5,810 5,687 5,568 5,453 5,341 5,234
12 7,161 6,984 6,814 6,650 6,492 6,341 6,194 6,054 5,918 5,787 5,660 5,538 5,421
13 7,487 7,291 7,103 6,923 6,750 6,583 6,424 6,270 6,122 5,979 5,842 5,710 5,583
14 7,786 7,572 7,367 7,170 6,982 6,801 6,628 6,462 6,302 6,149 6,002 5,861 5,724
15 8,061 7,828 7,606 7,394 7,191 6,997 6,811 6,633 6,462 6,299 6,142 5,992 5,847
16 8,313 8,062 7,824 7,596 7,379 7,172 6,974 6,785 6,604 6,431 6,265 6,106 5,954
17 8,543 8,276 8,022 7,779 7,549 7,329 7,119 6,920 6,729 6,547 6,373 6,207 6,048
18 8,756 8,471 8,201 7,945 7,702 7,470 7,250 7,040 6,840 6,649 6,467 6,294 6,128
19 8,950 8,650 8,365 8,095 7,839 7,596 7,366 7,146 6,938 6,739 6,551 6,370 6,198
20 9,129 8,812 8,514 8,231 7,963 7,710 7,469 7,241 7,025 6,819 6,623 6,437 6,259
25 9,823 9,438 9,077 8,739 8,422 8,123 7,843 7,579 7,330 7,095 6,873 6,663 6,464
30 10,274 9,835 9,427 9,047 8,868 8,364 8,055 7,766 7,496 7,242 7,003 6,778 6,566
35 10,567 10,087 9,644 9,234 8,855 8,503 8,175 7,870 7,586 7,320 7,070 6,836 6,617
40 10,757 10,247 9,779 9,348 8,951 8,587 8,244 7,928 7,634 7,361 7,105 6,866 6,642


aExample.


Assumes a $10,000 after tax income at 11.5% interest rate and a 15-year term mortgage, the total


debt which can be supported is $69,970 ($6,997 x 10). At 11.5% interest rate and a 20-year term mortgage, the
total debt which can be supported is $77,100 ($7,710 x 10).
See reference number 7 on page 13.