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 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Acknowledgement
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Main
 Reference
 Addenda


FLAG IFAS PALMM UF



Budgeting costs and returns for Southwest Florida citrus production
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026155/00001
 Material Information
Title: Budgeting costs and returns for Southwest Florida citrus production
Series Title: Economic information report
Portion of title: Southwest Florida citrus production
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Muraro, R. P
Holcomb, Edgar D
University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food & Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations and Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1986
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruit industry -- Economic aspects -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Marketing -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Description based on: 1986-87; title from cover.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001596350
oclc - 21057551
notis - AHM0449
lccn - sn 91022495
System ID: UF00026155:00001

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgement
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
    List of Tables
        Page iii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Reference
        Page 9
    Addenda
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
Full Text


Ronald P. Muraro
Charles Matthews


Economic Information
Report 237


Budgeting Costs and Returns for
Southwest Florida Citrus
Production, 1986-87


CU;Lral Science
Library
'n i i o 3 -o d
* ,Uni 'sity of Florida


Food & Resource Economics Department
Agricultural Experiment Stations
Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville 32611


-7




I


June 1987















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing processed market round
oranges and fresh market seedless grapefruit in the Southwest area of
Florida are presented. The format presented may be used by individual
growers to budget costs and utilizing individual data on specific
groves.

Key words: citrus, budgeting, costs, round oranges, seedless
grapefruit and Southwest Florida.




NOTE: Whenever mentioned in the manuscript, "per acre" represents
"gross grove acres" and not "net tree acres."






ACKNOWLEDGEMENT


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final
draft of this manuscript.















ABSTRACT


Estimated costs and returns of growing processed market round
oranges and fresh market seedless grapefruit in the Southwest area of
Florida are presented. The format presented may be used by individual
growers to budget costs and utilizing individual data on specific
groves.

Key words: citrus, budgeting, costs, round oranges, seedless
grapefruit and Southwest Florida.




NOTE: Whenever mentioned in the manuscript, "per acre" represents
"gross grove acres" and not "net tree acres."






ACKNOWLEDGEMENT


Appreciation is extended to Mrs. Jane Wilson for typing the final
draft of this manuscript.
















TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

ABSTRACT. . . . . i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT .. . . . .. . .

LIST OF TABLES. .. . . . . .. iii

INTRODUCTION. ... . . . . 1

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION . . ... . 1

COSTS AND INPUTS. .. . . . . 1

THE GROVE SITUATION . . . . 2

BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS. . . . .... ... 5

REFERENCES. . . ... . . . 9

ADDENDA . . . . . . 10















LIST OF TABLES


Table

1 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a
Southwest Florida mature, round orange grove. . 3

2 Schedule of production practices and budget items for a
Southwest Florida mature, seedless grapefruit grove 4

3 Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre
for 'Hamlin' oranges. . . . .. .. 6

4 Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre
for red seedless grapefruit . . .... 6

5 Estimated annual per acre costs for a mature, 'Hamlin'
orange citrus grove producing for the processed market,
Southwest Florida area, 1986-87 . .... 7

6 Estimated annual per acre costs for a mature, red seed-
less grapefruit grove producing for the fresh market,
Southwest Florida area, 1986-87 ...... . 8









BUDGETING COSTS AND RETURNS FOR SOUTHWEST
FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTION, 1986-87


Ronald P. Muraro and Charles Matthews


INTRODUCTION


Southwest Florida has become a major citrus production area. Over
132,000 acres of citrus are located in this region. Continued expansion
of citrus acreage is expected into the foreseeable future.
Budget analysis provides the basis for many grower decisions.
Budget analysis can be used to calculate potential profits from an
operation, to determine cash requirements for an operation, and to
determine break-even prices. This paper presents a budget constructed
from current data and will serve as a format for growers to develop an
analysis of costs and returns from their individual records.


METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION


The data presented here were developed by surveying custom
operators, input suppliers, growers, and colleagues at the Citrus
Research and Education Center in Lake Alfred. This annual survey is
conducted in February and March.


COSTS AND INPUTS


Costs for various production inputs are those collected from citrus
growers as well as the average of the data obtained from annual custom
rate and chemical and fertilizer surveys. The growers costs are shown
in the ADDENDA, Tables 1-A through 8-A. The custom rate costs are shown
in Table 9-A and the various chemical and fertilizer costs are shown in
Table 10-A in the ADDENDA. Although brand names are used in many of the

RONALD P. MURARO is associate professor of food and resource
economics and extension farm management economist. He is stationed at
the Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred. CHARLES MATTHEWS
is extension agent, multi-county stationed at the Southwest Florida
Research and Education Center, Immokalee.










tables in the Addenda, this does not imply endorsement by the University
of Florida. It is merely an attempt to depict typical production
practices.
All tables have a column reserved for the individual growers to
insert data from a particular grove. This will allow a comparison of
the grower's costs with those presented.


THE GROVE SITUATION


Shown in Tables 1 and 2 are production practices for a Southwest
Florida orange and grapefruit grove, respectively, and the times during
the year when they would likely be performed. There are two benefits to
developing such a table for an individual grove. First, it shows what
work is needed and when, so that operations can be planned well in
advance. Second, it can be helpful if an annual cash flow analysis is
developed to plan financing. The individual grower can achieve benefits
by developing a plan for a particular grove.
Specific production practices vary from grove to grove making it
difficult to define a "typical" grove. Many combinations of practices
and various tree combinations accomplish production of acceptable yields
and returns. Although the examples represent a round orange and
seedless grapefruit grove, the cost data is designed to be applicable to
most grove situations. A grower, realtor, or land appraiser can
substitute individual grove costs into the budget format and develop a
budget for a particular grove. A "your cost" column is provided for
this purpose.
In the following cost budgets, above average management and
cultural practices are assumed. Beyond this general assumption, the
following specifics are assumed:


1. A 15-20 year-old grove, irrigated;
2. Variety type is processed market 'Hamlin' oranges and
fresh market red seedless grapefruit;
3. Annual tree loss is 4 trees per acre for oranges and 3
trees per acre for grapefruit;











Table 1.-Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature, round orange grove

Month Annual
Jan Feb Mar Apr Hay Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec total


505
Total revenue: 20% Partial Final
deposit payment payment
Less: Pick & haul cost X
DOC advertisement tax X
Adjusted revenue

Grove expenses:
Diso
Chop
How X X X X X
Labor, general grove
work, pull vines X X
Herbicide (1/2 grove acre Spot
equivalent) X X Treatment
Spray: Dormant
Post bloom/nutritional X
Supplemental miticide
Summer oil/greasy spot X
Fall miticide X
Fertilizer 750 N/A 750 N/A 750 N/A Dolomite
Hedging and topping Hedge
Brush removal/mow brush How brush
Tree removal X
Young tree care X X X X X
Drip Irrigation (times/week) 1 2 3 4 4 2 1 1 2 2 1 1
Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X
Grove taxes including water management X
Interest expense X
Annual principal payment on mortgage X
Total grove expenses

Net returns (loss)

Cumulative net returns

aThis is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.














Table 2.-Schedule of production practices and budget items for a Southwest Florida mature, seedless grapefruit grove

Month Annual
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec total


Total revenue: 20% Final
deposit payment
Less: Pick & haul cost X
DOC advertisement tax X
Adjusted revenue

Grove expenses:
Disc
Chop
Mow X X X X X
Labor, general grove
work, pull vines X X
Herbicide (1/2 grove acre Spot
equivalent) I X Treatment
Spray: Dormant
Post bloom/nutritional X
Supplemental miticide X
Summer oil/greasy spot X X
Fall miticide X
Fertilizer 75# N/A 75f N/A 750 N/A Dolomite
Hedging and topping Hedge
Brush removal/mow brush Mow brush
Tree removal X
Young tree care X X X X X
Drip Irrigation (times/week) 1 2 3 4 4 2 1 1 2 2 1 1
Miscellaneous (clean ditches) X
Grove taxes including water management X
Interest expense X
Annual principal payment on mortgage X
Total grove expenses

Net returns (loss)

Cumulative net returns

aThis is a suggested schedule of practices. Actual practices would not necessarily be done on the exact schedule shown here.









4. Trees are pulled and replaced when production falls
below 50 percent of expected yield;
5. Tree density is 116 trees per acre for oranges and 96
trees per acre for grapefruit.


Calculation for normal production per tree and per acre for
'Hamlin' oranges and red seedless grapefruit are shown in Tables 3 and
4. As a result of tree losses and replacement, the tree ages will vary
as reflected in the projected yields.


BUDGET COSTS AND RETURNS


The estimated budget costs and returns for the two Southwest
Florida grove situations are shown in Tables 5 and 6. The budgeted
costs represent one possible citrus production program and were selected
from the costs shown in the ADDENDA tables. The gross revenue estimates
are based on the projected yields in Tables 3 and 4 and estimated
preliminary on-tree prices for the 1986-87 season.
The per acre revenue, 2,010.80, for processed market 'Hamlin'
oranges is shown in Table 5. Total per acre specified costs, $770.02,
are comprised of grove care costs, $669.48, plus management cost,
$100.54. Return to land and trees, $1,240.78, represents net return
above fixed costs. Break-even price ranged from $2.45 to $1.56 per box
on-tree and $0.75 to $0.58 per pound solids at 300 and 500 boxes per
acre, respectively.
The revenue fresh market red seedless grapefruit (Table 6) is
estimated to be $2,641.87 per acre. Total specified costs, $827.77, are
comprised of grove care costs, $695.68, plus management cost, $132.09.
Return to land and trees, $1,814.10, represents net return above fixed
costs. The break-even price for seedless grapefruit ranged from $2.25
to $1.52 per box on-tree and $1.02 to $0.86 per pound solids for
eliminations at 350 and 550 boxes per acre, respectively.
In addition to the management cost, ad valorem taxes, and overhead
and administrative costs--such as water drainage/district taxes, crop
insurance, and other grower assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the
total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending









Table 3.-Calculation of normal production per tree and
'Hamlin' oranges


per acre for


Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes

Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. agea age --No.----
3 years 116 x 3.5% = 4.0 x 0.7 = 2.8
4 years 116 x 3.5% = 4.0 x 0.9 = 3.6
5-24 years 116 x 52% = 60.0 x 4.0 = 240.0
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 116 x 3.5% = 4.0 x 3.1 = 12.4
25 years 116 x 27% = 32.0 x 6.2 = 198.4
Total boxes = 457.2


proportion adds up
were non-bearing.


to 89.5 percent as 10.5 percent of the trees


Table 4.-Calculation of normal production per tree and per acre for red
seedless grapefruit

Boxes Total
Age of Tree Trees /tree boxes

Total no. Proportion No. ea.
all ages ea. age age ----No.------
3 years 96 x 3.0% = 3.0 x 1.0 = 3.0
4 years 96 x 3.0% = 3.0 x 1.7 = 5.1
5-24 years 96 x 45% = 43.0 x 4.9 = 210.7
Prod. 50% of
exp. yield 96 x 3.0% = 3.0 x 4.0 = 12.0
25 years 96 x 37% = 35.0 x 8.0 = 280.0
Total boxes = 510.8


proportion adds up
non-bearing.


to 91 percent as 9 percent of the trees were


on age, location, soil, and time of purchase or establishment. However,
as guidelines, ad valorem taxes in the Indian River citrus area average
$40 to $50 per acre. Annual debt payment may cost as high as $400 per
acre ($3,000 average debt per acre @ 12 percent interest over 20 years).
These costs should be considered in arriving at a net return to land and
trees (total return minus costs).







Table 5.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, 'Hamlin' orange citrus grove producing for the processed market,
Southwest Florida area, 1986-87

Item Description Amount Your cost
------- Dollars-

I. Revenue 457 boxes # 4.40a 2,010.80
II. Expenses
Weed control
Mow middles 5 times per year 50.30
General grove work/sprouting By hand 11.36
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Programs #1 & #i) 93.60 155.50
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs *1, 16 & #13) 111.81
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program 14) 123.40
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Program #1) 9.37
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($187.50/hr. 4 6.0 A/hr.) 3 yrs. 10.42
Hedging ($213.75/hr. 4 10.0 A/hr.) + 2 yrs. 10.69
Mow brush 5.85 26.96
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees 4.0 trees per acre 29.27
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 4.0 trees per acre 30.45
Water, herbicide, Ridomil (Average 5 waterings) 16.84
Fertilizer Including application 31.35 107.91
Drip irrigation (Table 8-A, Program #1) 74.95
Drainage ditch annual costs (Table 8-A, Program 06) 59.58
Total grove care expenses 669.48
III. Management 51 of gross sales 100.54
IV. Total specified costs 770.02
V. Return to land and trees 1,210.78
VI. Break-even price for total specified costs.

Boxes per acre Boxes per acre

300 350 400 450 500 300 350 400 450 500

$ On-tree price per box $ Delivered-in price per pound aolidd

2.45 2.13 1.89 1.71 1.56 0.75 0.69 0.64 0.61 0.58

aOn-tree price per box is preliminary; assumes price for processed oranges only.
bother methods to estimate a management cost-e.g., $3.00 per acre per month or 10% of total grove care costs--are used in the
industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and trees than reported here.
COther cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes, and interest on grove investment. In addition to
these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water drainage/district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower
assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location,
soil, and time of purchase or establishment.
dAssumes 5.5 pound solids per box and $1.65 pick and haul cost per box.









Table 6.-Estimated annual per acre costs and returns for a mature, red seedless grapefruit grove producing for the fresh market,
Southwest Florida area, 1986-87

Item Description Amount Your cost

---------------Dollars--------

I. Revenue 511 boxes @ 5.17a 2,641.87
II. Expenses
Weed control
Mow middles 5 times per year 50.30
General grove work/sprouting By hand 11.36
Herbicide (Table 2-A, Programs #1 & #4) 93.60 155.50
Spray program (Table 1-A, Programs 04, #5, 06, #13 & #14) 160.78
Fertilizer (Table 3-A, Program #4) 123.40
Dolomite (Table 7-A, Program #1) 9.37
Pruning (maintenance)
Topping ($187.50/hr. 4 6.0 A/hr.) 3 yrs. 10.42
Hedging ($213.75/hr. 4 10.0 A/hr.) 2 yrs. 10.69
Removing brush 5.85 26.96
Tree replacement and care (1 through 3 years)
Remove trees 3.0 trees per acre 21.95
Prepare sites and plant resets Including 3.0 trees per acre 22.84
Water, herbicide, Ridomil (Average 5 waterings) 16.84
Fertilizer Including application 23.51 85.14
Drip irrigation (Table 8-A, Program #1) 74.95
Drainage ditch annual costs (Table 8-A, Program f6) 59.58
Total grove care expenses 695.68
III. Management 55 of gross sales 132.09
IV. Total specified costsC 827.77
V. Return to land and trees 1,814.10
VI. Break-even price for total specified costs.

Boxes per acre Boxes per acre

350 400 450 500 550 350 400 450 500 550

$ On-tree price per box $ Delivered-in price per pound solids for eliminations

2.25 2.00 1.81 1.65 1.52 1.02 0.97 0.92 0.89 0.86

SOn-tree price per box is preliminary; assumes average of all methods of sale (fresh and processed). Price assumes 755 of fruit
harvested packed fresh.
bOther methods to estimate a management cost--e.g., $3.00 per acre per month or 105 of total grove care costs-are used in the
industry. Other selected methods will give a different return to land and trees than reported here.
SOther cost items which are not included in the budget are ad valorem taxes, and interest on grove investment. In addition to
these cost items, overhead and administrative costs, such as water drainage/district taxes, crop insurance, and other grower
assessments, can add up to 12 percent to the total grove care costs. These costs vary from grove to grove depending on age, location,
soil, and time of purchase or establishment.
dAssumes 4.5 pound solids per box, $1.55 pick and haul cost per box, $0.45 per box handling through packinghouse, and $0.40 per
box delivery to processing plant.








REFERENCES


Brooke, Donald L. and Ben Abbitt. Factors to Consider in Purchasing a
Citrus Grove. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. Cir. 437. Gainesville:
1978.

DuCharme, E. P. "Tree Loss in Relation to Young Tree Decline and Sand
Hill Decline of Citrus in Florida," Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 84
(1971), pp. 48-52.

Florida Citrus Spray Guide 1986. Univ. of Fla. Coop. Ext. Svc. Cir.
393-M. Gainesville: Jan. 1987.

Koo, R. C. J., editor. Recommended Fertilizers and Nutritional Sprays
for Citrus. Univ. of Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 536D. Gainesville:
March 1984.

Muraro, Ronald P. "Comparative Citrus Budgets." Lake Alfred Citrus
Research and Education Center (CREC) Report. Lake Alfred, FL:
Apr. 1987.

"Cost for Establishing, Planting, and Maintaining a Citrus
Grove through Four Years of Age." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake
Alfred, FL: Nov. 1985.

"Cost of Planting and Maintaining Reset Citrus Trees through
Four Years." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred, FL: Aug.
1985.

"Summary Custom Rate Survey for Twenty-five Indian River-South
Florida Citrus Caretakers." Lake Alfred CREC Report. Lake Alfred,
FL: Apr. 1987.

Savage, Zach. Citrus Yields Per Tree Age. Agr. Ext. Ser. 60-8. Univ.
of Fla., Gainesville. 1960.











ADDENDA: Listing of Grove Care Programs for Southwest Florida Citrus
Production


Table 1-A.






Table 2-A.

Table 3-A.

Table 4-A.

Table 5-A.

Table 6-A.

Table 7-A.

Table 8-A.







Table 9-A.


Table 10-A.


Spray programs. .

Post bloom spray. .
Summer spray. . .
Fall spray. . .

Herbicide . .

Dry fertilizer. . .

Liquid fertilizer .

Fertigation . .

Nematicides . .

Soil amendment . .

Irrigation--annual cost pe

Drip. . . .
Microsprinkler. . .
Volume gun (stationary) .
Drainage ditch annual cost

Costs of inputs supplied c


calculating costs .


. . . . .

. . . . .
ooooeoooeoooeo

oooooooooeoooo

oeeooeooee

ooooeooeoooooo

eoooooeooee


acre.


a custom basis used in


Summary of average fertilizer and chemical price
estimates . . . . .


Page

11

11
12
14

15

16

17

18

18

19

20

20
20
20
20


21


. . 0 0


. . . .


. . .


. .









Table 1-A.-Spray programs


POST BLOOM SPRAY


Spray Program #1


Materials/
Ingredients


Copper
Zinc
Manganese
Sticker
Ground
Application

Total


Spray Program #2


Materials/
Ingredients


Cu
Zn
Mn
Chlorobenzilate
ZM Special
Ground
Application


Amount/
Acre

15 Ibs
10 Ibs
15 lbs
1 pt

250 gals


Amount/
Acre

10 lbs
10 Ibs
10 lbs
2.5 pts
1 gal


50 gals


Total


Cost/Acre


$13.95
4.30
3.15
1.01

18.27

$40.68


Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


$ 9.30
4.30
2.10
10.63
4.64


7.98

$38.95


Spray Program #3


Materials/
Ingredients


Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates
Cu
Chlorobenzilate
Urea
Oil
Ground
Application


Total


Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount/
Acre

1 pt
7 lbs
2 pts
3.5 lbs
1 gal

70 gals


$ 0.77
6.51
8.50
0.47
1.90

11.18

$29.33


___ __ __ __________U__________U__I_______


---- -------- --- --------__ _


____________ __UI______ _~__ ____~______









Table 1-A.--POST BLOOM SPRAY (cont'd.)

Materials/
Spray Program #4 Ingredients

Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates
Cu
Lead Arsenic
Urea


Spray Program #5


SUMMER SPRAY

Spray Program #6


Spray Program #7


Ground
Application

Total


Materials/
Ingredients

Vendex 4L
Sticker
Aerial
Application

Total


Materials/
Ingredients

Oil
Cu
Ethion
Ground
Application

Total


Materials/
Ingredients


Cu
Chlorobenzilate
ZM Special
Ground
Application

Total


Amount/
Acre

1 pt
7 lbs
4.5 lbs
2 lbs


70 gals


Amount/
Acre

1.25 lbs
1 pt


15 gals


Amount/
Acre

5 gals
3.75 lbs
7.5 pts

250 gals


Amount/
Acre

10 Ibs
2.5 pts
1 gal

50 gals


Cost/Acre

$ 0.77
6.51
12.54
0.27

11.18

$31.27


Your
Cost/Acre












Your
Cost/Acre











Your
Cost/Acre











Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$20.10
1.01

6.82

$27.93


Cost/Acre

$ 9.50
3.49
20.25

18.27

$51.51


Cost/Acre

$ 9.30
10.63
4.64


7.98

$32.55


~-------I~.-----------~--------~----- --l-~-C-- ---


--------u--- ----------------1---1 1 --


---------- ----- ------------------ -------------- --










Table 1-A.-SUMMER SPRAY (cont'd.)


Spray Program #8


Materials/
Ingredients


Zn, Mn,
Vendex
Urea
Cu


Spray Program #9


Fe Nitrates



Ground
Application

Total


Materials/
Ingredients


Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates
Chlorobenzilate
Urea
Cu
Oil
Ground
Application


Total


Spray Program #10


Materials/
Ingredients


Zn, Mn,
Zineb
Urea
Oil


Fe Nitrates



Ground
Application


Total


Spray Program #11


Materials/
Ingredients


Zn, Mn, Fe Nitrates
Chlorobenzilate
Cu
Urea
Oil
Ground
Application


Total


Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount/
Acre

1 pt
2 Ibs
3.5 lbs
4 Ibs

70 gals


$ 0.77
32.16
0.47
3.72

11.18

$48.30


Amount/
Acre

1 pt
2 pts
3.5 Ibs
4 Ibs
4 gals


70 gals


Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


$ 0.77
8.50
0.47
3.72
7.60

11.18

$32.24


Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount/
Acre

1 pt
4 Ibs
3.5 lbs
4 gals

70 gals


$ 0.77
11.76
0.47
7.60

11.18

$31.78


Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Amount/
Acre

1 pt
3 pts
3 lbs
3.5 lbs
3 gals

70 gals


$ 0.77
12.75
2.79
0.47
5.70

11.18

$33.66


----- -- ---------~--~-- ~-----~~U~~-~--~


-- --------- ----------I---U--m-mmm -eeme-eeemmm


-U--- -------U~----- ---~-----------~------










Table 1-A.-FALL SPRAY


Spray Program #12











Spray Program #13











Spray Program #14


Materials/
Ingredients

Dicofol
Sticker
Ground
Application

Total


Materials/
Ingredients

Chlorobenzilate
Sticker
Ground
Application

Total


Materials/
Ingredients

Dicofol
Sticker
Aerial
Application

Total


Amount/
Acre

6 pts
1 pt

250 gals


Amount/
Acre

2.5 pts
1 pt


50 gals


Amount/
Acre

6 pts
1 pt


15 gals


Cost/Acre

$22.62
1.01

18.27

$41.90


Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$10.63
1.01


7.98

$19.62


Cost/Acre

$22.62
1.01

6.82

$30.45


~__~~ ----------------~------~---


--- ---------------- -------------- -------









Table 2-A.-Herbicide


Herbicide Program #1











Herbicide Program #2










Herbicide Program #3











Herbicide Program #4


Materials/
Ingredients

Krovar II
September
Ground Application
(2 times)

Total


Materials/
Ingredients

Roundup
Ground Application
(1 time)

Total


Materials/
Ingredients

Krovar I
Oil
Ground Application
(2 times)

Total


Materials/
Ingredients

Round-up
Princep
Ground Application
(1 time)

Total


Amount/
Acre

4 Ibs



80 gals


Amount/
Acre

3 qts

20 gals


Amount/
Acre

6 lbs
1 gal

50 gals


Amount/
Acre

1 qt
4 lbs


50 gals


Cost/Acre

$31.68


22.12

$53.80


Cost/Acre

$53.82

11.06

$64.88


Cost/Acre

$39.84
1.90

22.12

$63.86


Cost/Acre

$17.94
10.80

11.06

$39.80


Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre









Your
Cost/Acre










Your
Cost/Acre


_~ __ ____ UI ~


__I__ _________________II___ _____


------ ---------------- -------__ mem mmm










Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer


Analysis/Material
Applied

17-0-17-3 MgO

Application

Total


Program #1









Program #2









Program #3









Program #4









Program #5


Amount/
Acre

1618 lbs

2 times


Cost/Acre

$125.84

11.56

$137.40


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

17-4-17-2.4 MgO 1200 lbs $88.08

Application 2 times 11.56

Total $99.64


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

15-4-20-2.4 MgO 660 lbs $50.09

Application 1 time 5.78

Total $55.87


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

15-4-15-2.4 MgO 1500 Ibs $106.06

Application 3 times 17.34

Total $123.40


Analysis/Material Amount/
Applied Acre Cost/Acre

15-4-15-2.4 MgO 1200 lbs $ 84.85

Application 3 times 17.34

Total $102.19


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre









Table 3-A.--Dry fertilizer (cont'd.)

Analysis/Material
Program #6 Applied

(Young Trees-- 8-4-8-.25 Cu-.25 Mn
Solid Set)
Application

Total


Program #7

(Young Trees-
Solid Set)


Analysis/Material Amoun t/ _


Analysis/Material
Applied

8-4-8-.25 Cu-.25 Mn

Application

Total


Amount/
Acre

475 Ibs

1 time


Amount/
Acre

302 lbs

1 time


Table 4-A.--Liquid fertilizer


Program #1









Program #2


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-0-12

Boom Application

Total


Analysis/Material
Applied

12-0-12
Krovar II

Boom Application

Total


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$27.84

3.87

$31.71


Cost/Acre

$17.70

3.87

$21.57


Amount/
Acre

1500 lbs

2 times


Amount/
Acre

1500 Ibs
4 Ibs

2 times


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$ 97.95

13.42

$111.37


Cost/Acre

$ 97.95
31.68

20.92

$150.55


___ ----- ------ -------- ___










Table 5-A.--Fertigation


Program #1

(Supplemental)


Analysis/Material
Applied

10-0-10


Application

Total


Program #2

(Supplemental)


Analysis/Material Amount!_


Analysis/Material
Applied

8-4-8


Application

Total


Table 6-A.--Nematicides


Program #1









Program #2


Analysis/Material
Applied

Temik 15 G

Application

Total


A-alysi /Mate- A n--------------------


Analysis/Material
Applied

Nemacur 15 G

Application

Total


Amount/
Acre

400 lbs


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$25.55

2.32

$27.87


Cost/Acre

$38.33

4.13

$42.46


Amount/
Acre

750 lbs


Amount/
Acre

33 lbs


Amount/
Acre

67 lbs


Your
Cost/Acre








Your
Cost/Acre


Cost/Acre

$108.90

11.75

$120.65


Cost/Acre

$175.54

11.75

$187.29









Table 7-A.--Soil amendment


Program #1


Analysis/Material
Applied

Dolomite (Delivered)
Application
(Every 3 years)


Amount/
Acre

1 ton


Total
(1/3 Ton Applied/Yr)


Program #2


Analysis/Material
Applied

Dolomite (Delivered)
Application
(Every year)


Total


___ ~~~ ~ Amu t/ __ _U __


Amount/
Acre

1000 Ibs


Cost/Acre

$20.42


7.69

$28.11
$ 9.37


Cost/Acre

$10.21


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


3.85

$14.06






20



Table 8-A.-Irrigation--annual cost per acre


DRIP


Operating


Maintenance of System

Total Cost


Program #1

$45.61
(Electric)

29.34

$74.95


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #2

$30.96
(Diesel)

33.74

$64.70


MICROSPRINKLER


Operating


Maintenance of System

Total Cost


Program #3

$57.02
(Electric)

34.90

$91.92


Your
Cost/Acre


Program #4

$38.70
(Diesel)

40.13

$78.83


VOLUME GUN (STATIONARY)


Program #5

$121.65
(Diesel)

28.77

$150.42


Maintenance of System

Total Cost


DRAINAGE DITCH ANNUAL COSTS


Ditches/Canals Maintenance
Weed Control in Ditches/Canals
Water Control: In/Out of Ditches and Canals

Total


Program #6

$22.66
7.35
29.57

$59.58


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre


Operating


Your
Cost/Acre


Your
Cost/Acre








Table 9-A.--Costs of inputs supplied on a custom basis used in calculating costs


Item Unit Low High Average Your cost


- -- -- -- -- ----- IJn


Labor Hour 6.75 9.00 7.55
Mowing (9'-10' rotary) Hour 18.00 27.00 22.23
Mowing (sickle) Hour 19.00 26.00 21.92
Herbicide Acre 9.00 14.00 11.06
Topping (single boom) self-propelled Hour 175.00 200.00 187.50
Hedging (2-side) tractor-drawn Hour 72.00 85.00 79.00
Hedging (2-side) self-propelled Hour 180.00 250.00 213.75
Chop brush Hour 22.25 27.50 24.58
Removing trees (front-end loader) Hour 32.00 38.25 35.31
Power saw w/out operator Hour 4.00 6.50 5.00
Tractor and driver Hour 15.00 29.50 18.74
Truck and driver Hour 15.00 25.00 18.58
Water truck Hour 15.00 21.50 18.53
Rotary ditcher Hour 18.00 29.50 22.21
Spray, 2X Tank 25.00 44.00 32.48
Spray, aerial (15 GPA) Acre 6.82
Dust, aerial Acre 4.75 4.90 4.83
Plant trees (resets) Each -- 2.00
Fertilize, bulk Acre 4.50 7.00 5.78
Dolomite, lime, or aragonite Ton 4.00 8.00 6.00


a i" ____ --- -, _- -






22




Table 10-A.--Summary of average fertilizer and chemical price estimates


Item Unit Price Your cost

CHEMICALS
Aliette 80WP lb. $ 10.88
Ridomil 2E gal. 125.92
Ridomil 50 lb. 3.43
Borates lb. 0.57
Copper lb. 0.93
Zinc lb. 0.43
Manganese lb. 0.21
Chlorobenzilate gal. 34.00
Difolatan 80 Sprills lb. 5.22
Ethion gal. 21.61
Benlate lb. 13.53
Plictran 50W lb. 20.87
Zineb lb. 2.94
Dicofol 4MF gal. 30.19
Lorsban 4EC gal. 34.45
Lorsban 15G lb. 1.86
Nemacur 3EC gal. 49.32
Nemacur 15G lb. 2.62
Vendex 50W lb. 16.08
Temik lb. 3.30
Oil (975) gal. 1.90
Sticker gal. 8.10
Sulphur 6F gal. 3.47
Sulphur Dust ton 306.25
Herbicide: Fusilade 2000 gal. 91.67
Gramoxone (Paraquat) gal. 42.60
Hyvar L gal. 42.75
Hyvar X lb. 10.44
Karmex lb. 3.20
Direx gal. 15.13
Krovar I lb. 6.64
Krovar II lb. 7.92
Princep lb. 2.70
Round-up gal. 71.76
Sim-Trol gal. 10.90
Solicam lb. 10.92
Treflan gal. 29.97

FERTILIZER (FOB) Price Plant
16-0-16 ton 125.91
16-0-16-14gO ton 146.40
15-4-15-2.4Mg0 ton 141.41
12-2-15-2.1Mg0 ton 130.55
8-8-8 ton 110.71
0-8-8-4 Hg-.5MnO-.25CuO-1B2 03 ton 117.14

(or equivalent minor elements)
8-2-8 ton 93.48
8-2-8-2Mg0-. 5nO-.25CuO-.1B 0 ton 113.89

(or equivalent minor elements)
6-6-6 plus Minors ton (bags) 139.38
Muriate of Potash ton 99.08
Ammonium Nitrate ton 145.50
Ammonium Sulfate ton 86.62
Super Phosphate ton 112.44
Triple Superphosphate ton 155.00
Calcium Nitrate ton 171.50
Dolomite (at mine) ton 12.01
High Cal Lime (at mine) ton 8.63
Aragonite (at mine) ton 13.00
Average Delivery Cost ton 8.41