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Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026154/00013
 Material Information
Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
Series Title: 197374- Economic information report
Portion of title: Vegetable crops in Florida
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1969
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Vegetable trade -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000304067
oclc - 03425969
notis - ABT0638
lccn - 76368517 //r77
issn - 0149-0613
System ID: UF00026154:00013

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents 1
        Page ii
    Foreword
        Page iii
    Definitions
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
Full Text

., bruary 1971
:, j. /S-


Costs And


Ag. Econ. Report 15

Returns


From
Vegetable Crops In Florida


Season


1969-1970


With Comparisons


I ILI I II I ii









TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

Map of Florida Vegetable Producing Areas ii

Foreword and Acknowledgements iii

Definitions iv


Costs and Returns Data

Beans, Snap................................................

Beans, Pole............................................... 2

Cabbage.. ................................................ 3 4

Celery..................................................... 5 7

Corn, Sweet............................................... 8 10

Cucumbers................................................ 11 12

Eggplant............................................... .. 13

Leaf Crops................................................ 14 15

Peppers, Green........................................... 16 18

Potatoes, Irish.......................................... 19 21

Radishes................................................. 22

Squash................................................... 23 25

Tomatoes ................................................ 26 31

Watermelons.............................................. 32










FL9 1 R D -1 6
41
1 Dade tomatoes, snap and pole beans, Irish






potatoes squash cucumbers strawberries





2 Palm Beach-Broward snap beans, peppers, 1
2 Pal -i -n, b p 1










eggplant, cucumbers, squash, tomatoes
3 Immokalee-Lee tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers --12
squash, Irish potatoes, watermelons
4 Everglades snap beans, sweet corn, cabbage, / 9
escarole, celery, Irish potatoes, radishes _
5 Fort Pierce tomatoes, watermelons 8
6 Wauchula cucumbers, tomatoes, watermelons --'
7 Sarasota celery, radishes, lettuce, cabbage 7 1
8 Manatee-Ruskin tomatoes, cabbage, cauliflower,
watermelons
9 Plant City strawberries, peppers, squash,
pole beans, southern peas, okra
10 Sumter cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, lettuce,
watermelons -
11 Zellwood sweet corn, celery, escarole,
lettuce, snap beans, radishes --
12 Sanford-Oviedo cabbage, celery, snap beans,
lettuce, escarole, sweet corn, peppers
13 Oxford-Belleview-Lowell tomatoes, watermelons
14 McIntosh-Island Grove squash, snap beans, celery,
cabbage, lettuce, watermelons
15 Alachua snap beans, cucumbers, peppers,
Irish potatoes, watermelons
16 Hastings Irish potatoes, cabbage ,o o
17 Starke-Brooker-Lake Butler snap and lima beans, o
cucumbers, peppers, squash, strawberries
18 Quincy-Havana pole beans, cucumbers, squash
19 Escambia Irish potatoes













FOREWORD


This is the tenth in a new series of summaries of costs and returns
from the principal vegetable crops by major producing areas in Florida.
There is a need among growers, commodity groups, credit agencies, research
workers and teachers for current factual information of this type.

Data in this summary were gathered by personal interview with growers
of the various vegetable crops. Growers' records of actual production
costs were used when available, and estimates taken when records were not
kept. As complete a breakdown of costs as possible was obtained from
each grower. Insofar as possible, growing and harvesting costs have been
separated and labor items excluded from costs of materials. In a few cases
where crop sales were not available from growers they were computed on the
basis of average prices received for the crop as reported by the Florida
Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, U.S.D.A., Orlando, Florida.

















ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The writer wishes to express his appreciation to the vegetable
growers for their excellent cooperation to the Florida Fruit and Vegetable
Association and the Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, U.S.D.A.,
Orlando, Florida, and to various county agents for much worthwhile assistance.









DEFINITIONS

Total number of growers: Number of individual records or estimates
of crop costs and returns included in each crop summary.

Total number of acres: The total acreage planted by growers whose
records or estimates were used. When a part of the planted acreage was
lost soon after planting and replaced by another crop, the reduced acreage
was used.

Average acres per grower: The number of acres of the particular
crop divided by the number of growers.

Average yield per acre: The number of units per planted.acre
harvested.

Land rent: In the interests of uniformity, land rent was charged
for all acreages and crops at the prevailing rate reported by growers in
the area. This was done to avoid difficulties in the determination of a
normal valuation, interest charge for use of land and capitalization of
land values in a period of fluctuating values and prices. Taxes on farm
real estate are excluded since rent is being charged.

Seed and seedbed: This item includes the cost of seed or plants
for planting the crop. If a seedbed was used, the figures include costs
of labor and materials for growing plants as well as seed costs, unless
other wise noted.

Fertilizer: This represents the actual cost of nutrient materials
applied to produce the crop. Labor or machine costs of application are
not included.

Spray and dust: Spray and dust includes the cost of materials
only, unless application labor is specified in which case some machine
costs may also be present. If weed control chemicals or soil fumigants
were used, their cost also is included here.

Cultural labor: This items contains the cost of man labor, whether
hired or family, to produce the crop from ground preparation until ready
for harvest. It does not include supervision by the operator, since his
compensation is to a great extent dependent upon returns from the sale of
the crop.

Machine hire: The cost of machine work hired, including use of
airplanes when applicable, in producing the crop. This item includes
labor charge for the machine operator and charges for the use of equipment.

Gas, oil and grease: The cost of gas, oil and grease required to
operate tractors, trucks, sprayers, pumps and other machinery in producing
the crop is included in this item.










Repair and maintenance: This figure represents the cost of repairs
to equipment used in producing the crop. It also includes the small tools
such as hoes, rakes and shovels purchased and charged off as a current
expenditure.

Depreciation: This includes the annual charge for depreciation
and obsolescence of equipment and labor housing. When actual depreciation
charges could not be obtained from records, they were computed by assuming
a 10-year average life-use on all equipment on the basis of replacement
value as indicated by the operator.

Licenses and insurance: The cost of licenses and insurance items
when chargable to the farm business. Licenses include those for trucks
and autos used on the farm. Insurance includes labor and crop insurance
and fire or windstorm insurance on buildings and equipment. It does not
include health or accident insurance of the operator or his family.

Interest on production capital: Interest on production capital
was charged at the rate of 6 percent on all cash costs for the number of
months required to grow and market the crop regardless of whether or not
much production capital was actually borrowed. This percentage was used
because it is believed to be the normal interest rate.

Interest on capital invested (other than land): Interest was
charged at 6 percent of the actual or estimated annual depreciated value
of the capital invested in machinery and equipment. It was assumed that
all equipment was presently worth one-half its replacement value.

Miscellaneous: This figure includes such items as wire, stakes,
twine, office supplies, administrative expense other than value of
operators management, legal and audit fees, telephone and telegraph and
incidental expenses.

Harvesting and marketing expense: Where possible, harvesting and
marketing expense has been divided into two items: (1) picking and (2)
grading and packing. Picking, cutting or digging expense includes actual
cost of harvesting the crop and preparing it for movement to packinghouse
or wash house. Washing or grading and packing expense includes prepara-
tion of the product for shipment either in the field or at an adjacent
packinghouse. It includes machinery and overhead costs in addition to
labor. The same is true for all crops in all areas where grading and
packing is done off the farm in packinghouses.

Containers: Includes the cost for hampers, crates, bags or baskets
in which the product is moved to market.


j









Hauling: Hauling is the cost of movement of the product from field
to packinghouse or loading point. It is often computed on a contract basis
and includes labor and equipment items. In cases where hauling was per-
formed by the operator's trucks, the costs have been separated from produc-
tion labor and machine expense items as nearly as possible.

Other: The cost of precooling the commodity prior to shipment and
for celery and sweet corn the contribution to the Marketing Agreement
Program. Inspection fees, when incurred, are included in packinghouse
charges and are not reported as a separate item.

Selling: The packinghouse, market, sales organization, or dealer's
charge for performing the sales service for the crop when deducted from the
producer's price. This cost does not include charges for unloading, grading,
packing, etc.

Crop sales: Crop sales are the gross returns to the grower before
deduction of growing, harvesting and marketing costs.

Net return: Return to the producer after deduction of all expenses
in producing, harvesting and marketing the crop.

Proration of costs between crops: For such items as seed, fertilizer,
spray and dust, airplane application and harvesting and marketing costs,
growers' records or estimates for each crop were used to make the appropriate
charges.

In the case of cultural labor, however, no breakdown for the
different crops produced on the individual farm could be obtained from the
grower except in a very few cases when such records had been kept. The
total cultural labor for all crops produced on each farm was, in most
cases, prorated to the various crops on the basis of available data developed
at the Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations with regard to man hours
required, in various parts of the state, to produce different crops from
land preparation to harvest. A similar situation also applies to such
items as machine hire, tractor fuel, oil and grease, repairs, depreciation
and other production costs where, except in very few cases, records had
not been kept as to their respective charges to different crops. Prora-
tions were also made of these items on the basis of available data.
(D. L. Brooke, Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bul. 660, June, 1963).

In many cases individual growers did not incur every cost item.
This applies especially to airplane application, machine hire, grading
and packing, containers, hauling and precooling. Thus, these costs are
based only on the over-all average for all growers contacted in each area,
and footnotes have been used to set forth the number of growers and average
costs for items not incurred by all growers in the area.

Per-Unit data: Per-unit costs and returns were computed by dividing
the average yield per acre in the area into the various items of cost shown
in the individual tables. They are merely averages of the data recorded
and, in some cases, do not reflect the full cost of performing the service
because all growers may not have incurred every item of cost.









Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70

Item 5-Season 1969-70
: Average

Number of growers..............................; 12 8
Number of acres...............................: 8293 7485
Average acres per grower........... ...........: 715 936
Average yield per acre (bushels)................: 98 54

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Bushel

Land rent................................... :$ 31.51 :$ 36.80
Seed ....................................... : 19.60 18.54
Fertilizer...................................: 44.59 46.20
Spray and dust..............................: 12.57 : 14.66
Cultural labor..............................: 29.85 31.75
Machine hire................................: 7.92 : 11.01
Gas, oil and grease.........................: 10.14 10.77
Repair and maintenance......................: 12.81 : 15.81
Depreciation.................................. 10.00 : 13.14
Licenses and insurance......................: 5.90 8.50
Interest on production capital (6"/ 4 mos).: 3.61 : 3.99
Interest on capital invested (other than land) 1.00 : 1.32
Miscellaneous expense........................: 5.45 5.32

Total growing cost.............................;$194.95 :$217.81 :$ 4.033

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense................. :$100.50 :$ 46.86 :$ 0.868
Containers..................................: 39.85 22.94 .425
Hauling..................................... : 9.56 5.25 .097
Selling .....................................: 11.49 6.75 .125

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$161.40 :$ 81.80 :$ 1.515

Total crop cost............................... :$356.35 :$299.61 :$ 5.548
Crop sales.................................... ;$371.36 :$284.13 :$ 5.261
Net return.................................... :$ 15.01 :$-15.48 :$-0.287


Source: Grower records and estimates.









Pole Beans
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


: 5-Season :
Item 5-Season 1969-70
: Average :


Number of growers..............................:
Number of acres ...............................:
Average acres per grower......................:
Average yield per acre (bushels) ..............:


Growing costs:


8
3064
365
252


Acre


Land rent.................................... :$ 34.82


Seed .....................
Fertilizer ...............
Spray and dust............
Cultural labor............
Machine hire..............
Gas, oil and grease.......
Repair and maintenance....
Depreciation.............
Licenses and insurance....
Interest on production cap
Interest on capital invest
Miscellaneous expense.....


..................: 21.89
..................: 55.08
..................: 36.01
..................: 158.92
..................: 10.92
..................: 12.36
................... 18.68
..................: 11.83
..................: 10.89
ital (6%- 4 mos.): 7.91
ed(other than land) 1.18
.................. : 36.02


Total growing cost............................:$416.51


5
2184
437
261


Average per
Acre

:$ 34.00
S 21.22
S 64.73
S 50.43
182.10
15.54
S 21.94
S 37.42
S 23.66
S 17.04
1 0.10
S 2.36
S 60.50

:$ 541.04


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing expense................. :$165.06
Containers...................................: 102.21
Hauling......................................: 23.20
Selling...................................... : 42.19

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$332.66

Total crop cost............................. .. :$749.17
Crop sales.................................... :$839.71
Net return ....................................:$ 90.54


192.27
117.53
29.47
55.67


:$ 394.94

:$ 935.98
:$1020.53
:$ 84.55


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Bushel


:$2.073


:$0.737
.450
.113
.213

:$1.513

:$3.586
:$3.910
:$0.324


--









Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Hasting's Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70

tem: 5-Season 1969-70
Item : Average

Number of growers....................... .....: 15 18
Number of acres.......................... ..... .: 1593 1838
Average acres per grower...................... : 103 102
Average yield per acre (50-1b.)............... : 469 356

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre 50-lb.

Land rent................................... :$ 30.33 :$ 35.71
Seed........................................ : 36.87 : 48.45
Fertilizer ..................................: 68.28 : 72.86
Spray and dust.............................. : 20.84 : 17.88
Cultural labor...............................: 71.21 : 82.53
Machine hire................................; 2.49 .77 a/
Gas, oil and grease......................... 8.74 : 10.59
Repair and maintenance......................: 16.52 : 20.64
Depreciation.................................: 16.58 : 21.29
Licenses and insurance.....................: 6.92 : 8.85
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.).: 5.36 : 6.09
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 1.66 2.13
Miscellaneous expense.......................: 5.75 6.21

Total growing cost............................:$291.55 :$334.00 :$0.938

Harvesting and m-arketing costs:

Cutting and packing expense.................:$ 92.52 :$ 97.57 :$0.274
Containers.................................. : 180.66 : 152.33 : .428
Hauling..................................... : 4.81 .36 b/ : .001
Selling .....................................: 68.47 : 57.44 : .161

Total harvesting and marketing cost........... :$346.46 :$307.70 :$0.864

Total crop cost...............................:$638.01 :$641.70 :$1.802
Crop sales...................................:$730.62 :$954.56 :$2.681
Net return....................................:$ 92.61 :$312.86 :$0.879


a/ Reported by 8 growers averaging $1.74 per acre.

b/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $1.62 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.








4
Cabbage
Costs adr Returns in the Sanford Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


Item 5-Season 1969-70
tem : Average

Number of growers............................: 10 9
Number of acres................................: 1568 1920
Average acres per grower......................: 160 213
Average yield per acre (50-lb.)...............: 445 288

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre 50-1b.

Land rent................................... :$ 33-99 :$ 25.64
Seed ........................................: 30.28 : 44.07
Fertilizer .................................. 65.25 65.44
Spray and dust..............................: 35.82 39.35
Cultural labor ..............................: 86.39 :126.70
Machine hire......................... ........ .70 10.23 a/ :
Gas, oil and grease.........................: 11.23 10.15
Repair and maintenance...................... : 2190 36.16
Depreciation......................... .... : 13.76 24.10
Licenses and insurance...................... 6.50 19.25
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.).: 5.97 : 7.76
Interest on capital invested (other than land) 1.38 : 2.41
Miscellaneous expense...................... : 6.61 11.04

Total growing cost............................ :$319.78 :$422.30 :$1.466

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing expense.................:$110.66 :$122.87 :$0.427
Containers...................................: 186.71 : 138.26 .480
Hauling.....................................: 22.94 18.72 .065
Selling .....................................: 62.22 : 56.08 .195

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$382.53 :$335.93 :$1.167

Total crop cost................................:$702.31 :$758.23 :$2.633
Crop sales.................................... :$716.29 :$794.75 :$2.760
Net return.................................... :$ 13.98 :$ 36.52 :$0.127


Source: Grower records and estimates.


a/ Reported by 5 growers averaging $18.42 per acre.









Celery
Costs and Returns in the Central Florida Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70

: 5-Season :
Item 5-Season 1969-70
: Average :


Number of growers...........................
Number of acres.............................
Average acres per grower....................
Average yield per acre (crates).............


Growing costs:


Land rent................................... :$
Seed.........................................:
Fertilizer...................................:
Spray and dust.............................. :
Cultural labor..............................:
Machine hire................................ :
Gas, oil and grease......................... :
Repair and maintenance......................:
Depreciation................................
Licenses and insurance......................:
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.).:
Interest on capital invested(other than land)
Miscellaneous expense....................... :


7
2097
300
.565


Acre

37.7(
58.3:
113.61
69.6(
181.2
3.24
13.29
31.2:
17.25
13.15
13.4(
1.7;
17.6(


Total growing cost............................ :$ 571.4:


5
1933
387
389


Average per
Acre

:$ 40.00
S82.59
L : 116.25
: 112.92
L : 213.33
: 5.99 a/
S12.93
3 51.93
5 : 15.42
: 13.57
S: 16.49
2 11.54
6 : 9.94

7 :$ 692.90


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Cutting and packing expense.................:$
Containers...................................:
Hauling......................................
Other.................................. .....
Selling......................................


347.79
261.94
44.09
135.95
91.93


Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$ 881.70

Total crop cost...............................:$1453.17
Crop sales.................................... :$1648.26
Net return.................................... :$ 195.09


361.28
207.25
26.92
136.94
71.08


:$ 830.47

:$1496.37
:$1466.16
:$ -30.21


a/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $7.49 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Crate


:$ 1.781


0.929
.533
.069
.352
.183


:$ 2.066

:$ 3.847
:$ 3.769
:$-0.078







Celery b
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70

: 5-Season 1969-70
Item : Average

Number of growers...................... .........: 8 8
Number of acres.. ............. .... ..... .....: 7444 8146
Average acres per grower......................: 908 1018
Average yield per acre (crates)...............: 602 524

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crate

Land rent.....................................:$ 32.55 :$ 39.88
Seed ........................................: 48.74 55.31
Fertilizer...................................: 110.97 : 97.85
Spray and dust..............................: 115.71 : 120.27
Cultural labor..............................: 181.29 214.29
Machine hire.......................... .......: 4.08 9.45 a/:
Gas, oil and grease.......................... 25.09 26.38
Repair and maintenance..................... ... 49.46 : 65.40
Depreciation.................................: 21.96 27.57
Licenses and insurance........................: 18.73 : 24.68
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.).: 15.34 : 17.12
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 2.20 : 2.76
Miscellaneous expense........................: 26.74 : 31.26

Total growing cost............................:$ 652.86 :$ 732.22 :$1.397

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing expense...................:$ 358.21 :$ 458.50 :$0.875
Containers.................................. : 283.13 268.46 .512
Hauling..................................... : 50.08 49.42 .094
Other.............................. .. .... : 142.16 150.07 .287
Selling..................................... : 79.54 : 83.85 .160

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$ 913.12 :$1010.30 :$1.928

Total crop cost...............................:$1565.98 :$1742.52 :$3.325
Crop sales.................................... :$1696.55 :$2056.68 :$3.925
Net return....................................:$ 130.57 :$ 314.16 :$0.600


a/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $18.91 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.









Celery
Costs and Returns in the West Coast Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70

Item 5-Season 1969-70
: Average :

Number of growers.............................: 4 2
Number of acres.............................. : 610 341
Average acres per grower..................... : 152 : 170
Average yield per acre (crates)..............: 763 :934

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crate

Land rent..................................:$ 54.35 :$ 36.84
Seed........................................ 42.81 56.97
Fertilizer.................................. 164.06 182.24
Spray and dust.............................: 122.22 : 128.85
Cultural labor.............................: 347.72 : 322.54
Machine hire................................
Gas, oil and grease...... ..................: 45.24 35.14
Repair and maintenance..................... 85.00 107.42
Depreciation................................: 43.48 53.67
Licenses and insurance.....................: 68.44 : 80.18
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.): 24.66 : 25.44
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 4.35 : 5.37
Miscellaneous expense........................: 56.70 : 67.51

Total growing cost........................... :$1059.03 :$1102.17 :$1.180

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing expense..................:$ 429.83 :$ 793.42 :$0.849
Containers..................... ........... ..: 327.87 464.47 : .497
Hauling..................................... ; 38.90 56.00 : .060
Other ......................................: 173.45 270.40 .290
Selling .................................... : 81.39 70.71 : .076

Total harvesting and marketing cost .......... :$1051.44 :$1655.00 :$1.772

Total crop cost........................ ...... :$2110.47 :$2757.17 :$2.952
Crop sales................................... :$2263.93 :$3437.61 :$3.681
Net return.................................. :$ 153.46 :$ 680.44 :$0.729


Source: Grower records and estimates.







8
Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70

Item 5-Season 1969-70
em : Average

Number of growers...................... ...... ..: 17 18
Number of acres............................... : 21812 24564
Average acres per grower...................... : 1254 1365
Average yield per acre (crates)...............: 161 126

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crate

Land rent................................... :$ 29.14 :$ 31.18
Seed....................................... : 5.76 5.58
Fertilizer.................................. : 28.27 : 24.19
Spray and dust.............................. : 62.37 43.54
Cultural labor.............................. : 30.29 : 29.80
Machine hire........................... ..... : 2.45 4.69 a/:
Gas, oil and grease......................... : 7.26 : 5.73
Repair and maintenance.................. .....; 13.22 : 11.52
Depreciation................................ : 8.44 8.90
Licenses and insurance...................... : 6.14 : 5.30
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.).: 3.83 : 3.33
Interest on capital invested(other than land) .85 : .89
Miscellaneous expense .......................: 6.53 5.14

Total growing cost........................... :$204.55 :$179.79 :$1.427

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense..................:$ 61.92 :$ 64.31 :$0.510
Containers.................................. : 61.21 50.69 : .402
Hauling..................................... : 13.26 11.36 : .090
Other........................................: 35.31 35.25 : .280
Selling..................................... : 20.87 22.54 : .179

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$192.57 :$184.15 :$1.461

Total crop cost.................. ........ ..... :$397.12 :$363.94 :$2.888
Crop sales............................... .. ... :$388.66 :$379.27 :$3.010
Net return........................................ :$ -8.46 :$ 15.33 :$0.122


a/ Reported by 9 growers averaging $9.37 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.








Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Lower East Coast Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


: 5-Season :
Item- 1969-70
: Average

Number of growers.............................: 5 4
Number of acres..............................: 4771 3528
Average acres per grower ....................: 1037 882
Average yield per acre (crates)..............: 161 93

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crate

Land rent.................................. :$ 38.64 :$ 37.91
Seed .......................................: 7.22 8.29
Fertilizer.................................. 58.70 71.90
Spray and dust.............................: 54.88 33.25
Cultural labor.............................: 31.30 46.32
Machine hire...............................: 7.63 : 20.50 a/ :
Gas, oil and grease ........................: 9.13 9.49
Repair and maintenance.....................: 15.26 : 22.68
Depreciation...............................: 12.34 17.33
Licenses and insurance.....................: 7.59 10.78
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.): 4.84 : 5.36
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 1.23 : 1.73
Miscellaneous expense........................: 11.58 : 6.66

Total growing cost...........................:$260.34 :$292.20 :$ 3.142

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense..................:$ 67.23 :$ 44.64 :$ 0.480
Containers .................................: 58.13 : 37.67 : .405
Hauling.................................... : 15.19 11.10 .119
Other......................................: 36.67 27.16 .292
Selling ....................................: 20.09 15.57 .168

Total harvesting and marketing cost..........:$197.31 :$136.14 :$ 1.464

Total crop cost............................... $457.65 :$428.34 :$ 4.606
Crop sales................................... :$511.63 :$335.35 :$ 3.606
Net return.................................... :$ 53.98 :$-92.99 :$-1.000


a/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $27.33 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.









Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Zellwood Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


Item: 5-Season : 1969-70
: Average

Number of growers................................. : 6 : 4
Number of acres...............................: 3699 3173
Average acres per grower.......................: 661 793
Average yield per acre (crates)................: 227 266

Growing costs: Average .per
Acre Acre Crate

Land rent ....................................$ 29.42 :$ 33.24
Seed........................................ : 6.27 7.53
Fertilizer ..................................: 29.66 : 41.91
Spray and dust..............................: ; 57.11 56.66
Cultural labor..............................; 32.97 : 35.71
Machine hire................................ : 6.81 : 7.32 a/ :
Gas, oil and grease ........................ : 4.80 4.57
Repair and maintenance...................... : 18.98 : 26.64
Depreciation................................ : 7.56 8.54
Licenses and insurance.......................: 8.18 5.69
)Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.).: 4-.04 4.48
Interest on capital involved(other than land) .76 : .86
Miscellaneous expense........................ : 7.71 : 4.44

Total growing cost............................:$214.27 :$237.59 :$0.893

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense..................:$ 93.21 :$150.42 :$0.566
Containers..................................: 84.42 : 106.65 .401
Hauling....................................: 14.50 : 15.02 : .056
Other .......................................: 48.72 : 70.93 : .267
Selling .....................................: 33.25 : 52.36 : .197

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$274.10 :$395.38 :$1.487

Total crop cost...............................:$488.37 :$632.97 :$2.380
Crop sales.................................... $498.27 :$666.37 :$2.505
Net return.................................... :$ 9.90 :$ 33.40 :$0.125


Source: Grower records and estimates.


a/ Reported by 2 growers averaging $14.65 per acre.


I





Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


: 5-Season :
Item 1969-70
: Average


Number of growers...............................:
Number of acres............................... :
Average acres per grower......................:
Average yield per acre (bushels).............. :


12
1492
129
230


14
3301
236
93


Growing costs:
Acre


Land rent................................... :$ 1


Seed .........................................
Fertilizer....................................
Spray and dust..............................:
Cultural labor ...............................
Machine hire.................................
Gas, oil and grease...........................
Repair and maintenance......................
Depreciation.................................
Licenses and insurance......................:
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.).:
Interest on capital invested(other than land)
Miscellaneous expense........................ :


10
5
10
2
1
2
2



1


Average per
Acre


6.14 :$
9.85
0.04
1.77
1.52
3.01
7.24
3.70
0.32
6.54
9.00
2.03
0.28


Total growing cost.......................... .. :$391.44


7 7.
9.12
103.35
52.04
107.95
25.53 a/
16.36
31.06
21.99
6.54

7.87
7.87


:$ 411.23
St TIt


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking expense ............................. :$135.55
Grading and packing expense...................; 111.71
Containers..................................: 129.84
Hauling......................................: 36.29
Selling .....................................: 35.06

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$448.45

Total crop cost............................... :$839.89
Crop sales.................................... :$896.62
Net return.................................... :$ 56.73


74.04
53.82
55.10
18.18
16.68


:$ 217.82

:$ 629.05
:$ 416.47
:$-212.58


a/ Reported by 13 growers averaging $27.49 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Bushel


:$ 4.422


0.796
.579
.592
.196
.179


:$ 2.242

:$ 6.764
:$ 4.478
:$-2.286


11







12
Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Sanford Area
Season 1969-70


Item 1969-70


Number of growers..............................: 4
Number of acres............................... : 326
Average acres per grower ...................... : 82
Average yield per acre (bushels)................: 168

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Bushel

Land rent.............................. ...... :$ 26.53
Seed .................................. ...... : 10.73
Fertilizer.................................. : 55.93
Spray and dust..............................: 36.38
Cultural labor.............................. 93.09
Machine hire ................................: 1.77 a/
Gas, oil and grease........................ .: 6.46
Repair and maintenance................ ... .. 20.45
Depreciation................................ : 13.24
Licenses and insurance................ ....... 10.10
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.).: -6-
Interest on capital invest.d(other than land) --32 :
Miscellaneous expense........... ... ........ : 4.98

Total growing cost............................ :$287.64 :$1.712

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense............................. :$ 94.26 :$0.561
Grading and packing expense..................: 82.16 :.489
Containers.................................. : 92.67 .552
Hauling..................................... : 13.53 .081
Selling................ ....................: 39.49 .235

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$322.11 :$1.918

Total crop cost.................. .... ....... :$609.75 :$3.630
Crop sales................................... :$617.68 :$3.677
Net return.................................... :$ 7.93 :$0.047


a/ Reported by 2 growers averaging $3.54 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.









Eggplant
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season AVerage 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


: 5-Season :1 -7
Item 5-Season 1969-70
: Average :


Number of growers............ ................:
Number of acres.............................. :
Average acres per grower..................... :
Average yield per acre (bushels)...............:


8
310
40
615


6
235
39
452


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent.........................
Seed...............................
Fertilizer........................
Spray and dust....................
Cultural labor....................
Machine hire......................
Gas, oil and grease...............
Repair and maintenance............
Depreciation......................
Licenses and insurance.............


Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.):
Interest on capital invested(other than land)
Miscellaneous expense...................... :


52.85
7.93
192.46
83.22
194.35
30.91
32.76
59.36
36.45
33.53
17.67
3.65
19.23


Average per
Acre


56.02
7.32
209.23
98.71
209.45
17.93
38.83
60.26
41.09
27.73
18.59
4.11
18.28


Total growing cost........................... :$ 764.37


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing expense.................:$
Containers.. ............................. ..
Hauling.. ................................ .
Selling.....................................


256.30
326.99
63.63
74.09


Total harvesting and marketing cost..........:$ 721.01

Total crop cost.............................. :$1485.38
Crop sales.................................. :$1574.29
Net return.................................... $ 88.91


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Bushel


:$ 807.55


:$1.786


224.56
268.11
47.22
62.55


:$ 602.44

:$1409.99
:$1452.52
:$ 42.53


:$0.497
:.593
:.105
:.138

:$1.333

:$3.119
:$3.212
:$0.094


......... :$









Leaf Crops
Costs and Returns in the Central Florida Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


: 5-Season :
Item 5-Season 1969-70
: Average :


Number of growers............................
Number of acres..............................
Average acres per grower......................
Average yield per acre (crates)..............


Growing costs:


10
1409
141
430


15
1539
103
282


Average per
Acre Acre


Crate


Land rent............... : .................. :$ 22.48
Seed........................................ : 12.23
Fertilizer.................................. : 38.36
Spray and dust.............................: 19.53
Cultural labor .............................: 107.83
Machine hire...............................: .52
Gas, oil and grease ........................: 8.61
Repair and maintenance.....................: 27.10
Depreciation................................: 15.76
Licenses and insurance......................: 8.65
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.): 5.12
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 1.58
Miscellaneous expense......................: 10.56

Total growing cost........................... $278.33


:$ 17.01
: 12.59
: 41.96
: 15.31
: 120.85
: 10.36 a/ :
6.13
32.64
17.71
9.60
5.47
1.77
7.09

:$298.49 :$ 1.058


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing expense................ :$ 98.23
Containers.................................: 174.81
Hauling..................................... : 20.40
Other....................................... : 76.83
Selling.................................. .. : 40.09

Total harvesting and marketing cost.......... :$410.36

Total crop cost................. .......... .. :$688.69
Crop sales................................... :$816.76
Net return ................................... :$128.07


:$ 86.72
: 120.60
: 15.26
: 52.53
: 42.01


0.308
.428
.054
.186
.149


:$317.12 :$ 1.125


:$615.61
:$601.77
:$-13.84


:$ 2.183
:$ 2.134
:$-0.049


a/ Reported by 11 growers averaging $14.13 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.









Leaf Crops
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


Item: 5-Season :1 -7
Item 5-eason : 1969-70
: Average :


Number of growers..............................:
Number of acres ...............................:
Average acres per grower......................:
Average yield per acre (crates) ...............:


Growing costs:


8
3712
464
380


Acre


Land rent.................................... :$ 32.27
Seed......................................... 4.98
Fertilizer................................... 25.75
Spray and dust..............................: 17.29
Cultural labor ............................... 69.15
Machine hire................................: 2.38
Gas, oil and grease.........................: 8.50
Repair and maintenance......................: 14.00
Depreciation.................................: 9.00
Licenses and insurance......................: 8.10
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.).: 3.79
Interest on capital invested(other than land) .90
Miscellaneous expense.......................: 7.00

Total growing cost............................ :$203.11


8
3819
477
368


Average per
Acre


Crate


36.41
6.22
19.74
17.40
68.06
7.18
8.63
17.74
12.33
6.07
3.86
1.23
5.72


:$210.59 :$0.572


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense.........
Containers..........................
Hauling.............................
Other...............................
Selling.............................


........:$ 96.96
........: 163.93
........ : 28.12
........: 77.74
........ : 47.83


Total harvesting and marketing cost........... :$414.58


Total crop cost...............................
Crop sales ....................................
Net return....................................


:$617.69
:$682.54
:$ 64.85


:$478.30 :$1.300


:$688.89
:$708.78
:$ 19.89


:$1.872
:$1.926
:$0.054


a/ Reported by 6 growers averaging $9.58 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


:$131.24
: 173.99
:34.36
:80.71
:58.00


:$0.357
:.473
:.093
:.219
:.158


I








16
Green Peppers
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70

: 5-Season :
Item 5-Season 1969-70
: Average

Number of growers..............................: 10 14
Number of acres............................... : 1882 2789
Average acres per grower......................: 188 199
Average yield per acre (bushels)..............: 304 201

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Bushel

Land rent................................... :$ 16.31 :$ 18.69
Seed......................................... 23.91 28.79
Fertilizer ................................. 139.49 137.27
Spray and dust..............................: 77.08 89.78
Cultural labor..............................: 173.55 235.10
Machine hire................................: 34.04 44.16 a/:
Gas, oil and grease .........................: 31.62 33.28
Repair and maintenance......................: 44.63 67.45
Depreciation.................................: 39.78 44.03
Licenses and insurance.......................: 14.61 15.12
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.).: 14.42 : 17.27
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 3.98 : 4.33
Miscellaneous expense.......................: 21.63 21.00

Total growing cost............................:$ 635.05 :$ 756.27 :$3.763

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense.............................:$ 129.85 :$ 135.40 :$0.674
Grading and packing expense.................: 145.91 : 115.46 : .574
Containers................................... : 152.76 98.16 : .488
Hauling..................................... : 48.67 32.99 : .164
Selling .....................................: 44.20 38.98 : .194

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$ 521.39 :$ 420.99 :$2.094

Total crop cost...............................:$1156.44 :$1177.26 :$5.857
Crop sales................................... :$1090.22 :$1267.98 :$6.308
Net return.................................... :$ -66.22 :$ 90.72 :$0.451


a/ Reported by 12 growers averaging $51.52 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.







17
Green Peppers
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70

: 5-Season :
Item 1969-70
: Average :

Number of growers..............................: 12 8
Number of acres............................... : 1328 785
Average acres per grower...................... : 107 98
Average yield per acre (bushels)...............: 402 : 250

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Bushel

Land rent................................... :$ 52.20 :$ 53.21
Seed......................................... : 26.47 33.92
Fertilizer ..................................: 174.37 185.85
Spray and dust...............................: 97.96 : 129.44
Cultural labor...............................: 266.69 342.89
Machine hire................................: 35.67 55.09
Gas, oil and grease .........................: 33.42 59.97
Repair and maintenance......................: 55.13 92.55
Depreciation................................. : 38.57 71.72
Licenses and insurance......................: 25.74 48.58
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.).: 19.85 : 26.12
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 3.85 : 7.17
Miscellaneous expense.......................: 26.37 43.16

Total growing cost............................:$ 856.29 :$1149.67 :$4.599

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense.................:$ 193.83 :$ 161.93 :$0.648
Containers.................................. : 192.47 102.11 : .408
Hauling ..................................... : 40.59 27.25 : .109
Selling .................................... ; 47.31 49.28 : .197

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$ 474.20 :$ 340.57 :$1.362

Total crop cost................................ $1330.49 :$1490.24 :$5.961
Crop sales.............................. ....... $1472.00 :$1567.39 :$6.270
Net return.................................... :$ 141.51 :$ 77.15 :$0.309


Source: Grower records and estimates.







18
Green Peppers
Costs and Returns in the Sanford Area
Season 1969-70


Item 1969-70


Number of growers.............................: 4
Number of acres...............................: 114
Average acres per grower......................: 28
Average yield per acre (bushels)................: 194

Growing costs: Average per.
Acre Bushel

Land rent................................... :$ 30.61
Seed ........................................: 56.28
Fertilizer ..................................: 91.04
Spray and dust.............................. : 52.90
Cultural labor.............................. : 222.59
Machine hire................................ :
Gas, oil and grease.........................: 13.05
Repair and maintenance....................... : 32.41
Depreciation................................ : 21.59
Licenses and insurance ......................: 14.00
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos.): 12.92
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 2.16
Miscellaneous expense...... .......... .......: 3.96

Total growing cost............................:$553.51 :$ 2.853

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense..............................:$146.63 :$ 0.756
Grading and packing expense..................: 98.28 : .507
Containers..................................: 104.26 : .537
Hauling......................................: 13.02 : .067
Selling .....................................: 33.80 : .174

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$395.99 :$ 2.041

Total crop cost............................... :$949.50 :$ 4.894
Crop sales....................................:$933.44 :$ 4.811
Net return.................................... :$-16.06 :$-0.083


Source: Grower records and estimates.








19
Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70

: 5-Season :
Item :5Seaso : 1969-70
: Average:

Number of growers.............................: 10 8
Number of acres...............................: 5825 5711
Average acres per grower......................: 582 :714
Average yield per acre (cwt.).................: 168 154

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Cwt.

Land rent................................... :$ 45.15 :$ 44.68
Seed ........................................: 112.44 : 110.74
Fertilizer ..................................: 51.65 : 53.90
Spray and dust..............................: 43.97 : 58.69
Cultural labor...............................: 49.41 : 61.99
Machine hire................................: 1.61 1.41 a/:
Gas, oil and grease .........................: 8.25 9.12
Repair and maintenance......................: 17.59 : 21.59
Depreciation.................................: 15.01 : 19.48
Licenses and insurance......................: 13.43 : 17.26
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.).: 7.05 : 7.72
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 1.50 : 1.95
Miscellaneous expense.........................: 8.84 : 6.49

Total growing cost............................:$375.90 :$415.02 :$2.695

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Digging expense .............................:$ 21.52 :$ 26.82 :$0.174
Grading and packing expense.................: 89.03 :99.34 .645
Containers...................................: 28.19 :25.09 .163
Hauling..................................... : 20.25 22.22 .144
Selling..................................... : 32.80 : 28.49 : .185

Total harvesting and marketing cost........... :$191.79 :$201.96 :$1.311

Total crop cost...............................:$567.69 :$616.98 :$4.006
Crop sales................................... :$707.46 :$780.63 :$5.069
Net return.....................................$139.77 :$163.65 :$1.063


a/ Reported by 3 growers averaging $3.77 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.









Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Hasting's Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


: 5-Season :
Item 1969-70
: Average :


Number of growers............................. :
Number of acres............................... :
Average acres per grower...................... :
Average yield per acre (cwt.) ................. :


Growing costs:


Land rent................................... :.
Seed....................................... :
Fertilizer...................................:
Spray and dust.............................. :
Cultural labor ..............................:
Machine hire................................ :
Gas, oil and grease..........................:
Repair and maintenance......................:
Depreciation.................................:
Licenses and insurance.......................:
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.).:
Interest on capital invested(other than land)
Miscellaneous expense....................... :


24
5447
227
139


Acre

31.33
78.01
68.59
14.50
35.42
3.19
11.56
21.11
21.77
8.27
5.57
2.18
6.33


Total growing cost............................ :$307.83


33
7081
215
159


Average per
Acre Cwt.

:$ 36.40
:82.08
: 71.79
: 19.92
: 37.72
2.66 a/:
10.71
19.90
23.60
9.45
5.97
2.36
8.06

:$330.62 :$2.080


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Digging expense..................
Grading and packing expense......
Containers.......................
Hauling..........................
Selling..........................


...........:$ 21.04
...........: 41.73
...........: 25.81
........... : 20.20
...........: 28.76


Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$137.54

Total crop cost...............................:$445.37
Crop sales.................................... :$486.77
Net return,. ...................................:$ 41.40


:$164.60 :$1.035


:$495.22
:$530.28
:$ 35.06


:$3.115
:$3.335
:$0.220


Source: Grower records and estimates.


28.03
50.17
26.66
24.75
34.99


:$0.176
: .316
b/: .167
: .156
: .220


a/ Reported by 23 growers averaging $3.82 per acre.

b/ Reported by 32 growers averaging $27.49 per acre.




I ~1


21
Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


: 5-Season :
Item 5-Season 1969-70
: Average

Number of growers .............................: 6 5
Number of acres............................... : 1441 1488
Average acres per grower......................: 232 : 298
Average yield per acre (cwt.).................: 156 : 126

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Cwt.

Land rent................................... :$ 20.76 :$ 25.20
Seed ........................................: 112.26 : 110.59
Fertilizer ..................................: 92.81 : 90.68
Spray and dust.............................: 34.95 42.65
Cultural labor ..............................: 49.83 66.09
Machine hire................................: 5.20 : 6.74 a/:
Gas, oil and grease .........................: 10.66 11.68
Repair and maintenance.......................: 17.96 : 32.85
Depreciation................................: 21.48 34.67
Licenses and insurance...................... 9.63 9.39
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.).: 7.35 : 8.18
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 2.15 : 3.47
Miscellaneous expense........................: 13.57 : 13.42

Total growing cost............................:$398.61 :$455.61 :$3.616

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Digging expense............................:$ 34.41 :$ 23.78 :$0.189
Grading and packing expense................: 79.40 : 76.12 : .604
Containers................................. : 30.75 29.04 : .230
Hauling.....................................: 26.28 23.14 : .184
Selling .................................... 31.35 25.73 : .204

Total harvesting and marketing cost..........:$202.19 :$177.81 :$1.411

Total crop cost.............................:$600.80 :$633.42 :$5.027
Crop sales ................................... :$677.07 :$683.42 :$5.424
Net return................................... :$ 76.27 :$ 50.00 :$0.397


a/ Reported by 3 growers averaging $11.24 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.








22
Radishes
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
Season 1969-70


Item 1969-70


Number of growers.............................: 4
Number of acres..............................: 7748
Average acres per grower ....... .............: 1937
Average yield per acre (30 6oz. packages)..: 197

Growing costs: Average-per
Acre 30 6oz. pkgs.

Land rent.................................. :$ 10.29
Seed........................................ 6.01
Fertilizer................................. .4.80
Spray and dust.............................: 6.07
Cultural labor.............................. 12.77
Machine hire...............................: 3.71 a/
Gas, oil and grease......................... 3.49
Repair and maintenance......................: 8.93
Depreciation........................... ....: 6.12
Licenses and insurance.....................: 4.59
Interest on production capital(6% 2 mos.): .64
Interest on capital invested(other than land) .61
Miscellaneous expense......................: 3.38

Total growing cost........................... :$ 71.41 :$0.362

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Digging expense............................ :$ 7.79 :$0.040
Grading and packing expense................: 69.46 : .353
Containers.................................: 42.60 .216
Hauling .................................. .. : 5.79 .029
Other....................................... : 11.92 .061
Selling.................................... .: 18.02 .091

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$155.58 :$0.790

Total crop cost ............................... :$226.99 :$1.152
Crop sales................................... :$249.81 :$1.268
Net return....................................:$ 22.82 :$0.116


Source: Grower records and estimates.


a/ Reported by 2 growers averaging $7.42 per acre.









Squash
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


: 5-Season :
Item Sean 1969-70
: Average

Number of growers.............................: 7 7
Number of acres................................: 1149 1233
Average acres per grower......................: 155 176
Average yield per acre (bushels) ..............: 139 137

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Bushel

Land rent....................................:$ 27.46 :$ 26.07
Seed ........................................: 9.17 9.64
Fertilizer ..................................: 54.27 : 59.89
Spray and dust..............................: 36.77 : 39.09
Cultural labor...............................: 35.15 37.10
Machine hire................................: 5.27 : 6.89 a/:
Gas, oil and grease.........................: 13.86 18.60
Repair and maintenance......................: 19.68 26.74
Depreciation................................: 15.85 : 16.69
Licenses and insurance......................: 10.58 : 11.85
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.).: 4.38 : 4.89
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 1.59 : 1.67
Miscellaneous expense........................ : 6.55 8.39

Total growing cost............................:$240.58 :$267.51 :$1.953

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense................. :$118.06 :$152.19 :$1.111
Containers................................... : 73.29 : 60.23 : .439
Hauling..................................... 13.90 : 15.21 : .111
Selling .....................................: 22.30 : 27.36 : .200

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$227.55 :$254.99 :$1.861

Total crop cost...............................:$468.13 :$522.50 :$3.814
Crop sales .................................... $543.50 :$640.95 :$4.678
Net return...................................:$ 75.37 :$118.45 :$0.864


a/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $12.06 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


-- ~ ---- ---~









Squash
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


Item :5-Season 1969-70
: Average

Number of growers..............................: 6 5
Number of acres ...............................: 259 : 131
Average acres per grower......................: 42 :26
Average yield per acre (bushels)................: 132 105

Growing costs: Average..per
Acre Acre Bushel

Land rent................................... :$ 37.92 :$ 40.76
Seed ........................................ : 7.90 7.39
Fertilizer ....................................: 50.75 60.31
Spray and dust..............................: 37.87 : 40.55
Cultural labor.............................: 44.98 :64.59
Machine hire................................: 14.26 21.73
Gas, oil and grease.........................: 14.85 15.54
Repair and maintenance......................: 21.70 22.38
Depreciation .......................... ....... : 15.09 : 21.70
Licenses and insurance...................... : 12.50 12.73
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos.).: 5.03 : 5.83
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 1.51 : 2.17
Miscellaneous expense..................... : 8.67 5.68

Total growing cost ...........................:$273.03 :$321.36 :$3.061

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense................. :$116.31 :$118.53 :$1.129
Containers................................... : 85.34 : 73.49 : .700
Hauling ................................. ....: 18.05 : 20.37 : .194
Selling ........... .... ...... .............. ...: 24.19 21.80 : .207

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$243.89 :$234.19 :$2.230

Total crop cost........ ............. .......... :$516.92 :$555.55 :$5.291
Crop sales.................................. :$656.51 :$644.53 :$6.138
Net return................................... :$139.59 :$ 88.98 :$0.847


Source: Grower records and estimates.








26
Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70

: 5-Season :
Item 5-Season 1969-70
: Average

Number of growers............................: 9 : 7
Number of acres..............................: 9587 : 7384
Average acres per grower ..................... 1042 1055
Average yield per acre ( 40 lb.).............: 214 : 242

Growing costs: Average .per
Acre Acre 40 lb.

Land rent.................................. :$ 37.79 :$ 40.22
Seed .......................................: 6.39 7.36
Fertilizer................................ : 126.51 : 150.42
Spray and dust.............................. 82.46 : 107.79
Cultural labor..............................: 93.07 : 128.55
Machine hire................................: 13.21 : 18.14
Gas, oil and grease........................: 18.53 : 20.59
Repair and maintenance.....................: 30.12 : 39.25
Depreciation....... ................ .......: 19.11 28.26
Licenses and insurance......................: 13.10 14.18
Interest on production capital(6%7 5 mos.): 10.74 : 13.48
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 1.91 : 2.83
Miscellaneous expense.......................: 8.46 12.73

Total growing cost........................... :$461.40 :$ 583.80 :$2.413

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense............................ ;$110.10 :$ 170.38 :$0.704
Grading and packing expense................: 110.78 : 161.20 : .666
Containers.................................: 79.00 96.86 : .400
Hauling.................................... : 22.17 29.76 : .123
Selling .................................... : 28.00 35.10 : .145

Total harvesting and marketing cost..........:$350.05 :$ 493.30 :$2.038

Total crop cost.............................. :$811.45 :$1077.10 :$4.451
Crop sales................................... :$794.46 :$1213.36 :$5.014
Net return.................................... $-16.99 :$ 136.26 :$0.563


Source: Grower records and estimates.









Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Ft. Pierce Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


: 5-Season :
Item 1969-70
: Average

Number of growers............................. 7 : 13
Number of acres..............................: 3006 : 3765
Average acres per grower .....................: 406 290
Average yield per acre (40 lb.)..............: 284 169

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre 40 lb.

Land rent.................................. :$ 11.44 :$ 13.82
Seed ....................................... : 7.28 : 9.22
Fertilizer .................................: 100.60 120.27
Spray and dust.............................: 71.89 83.70
Cultural labor.............................: 141.75 : 173.74
Machine hire ...............................: 63.23 : 96.13 :
Gas, oil and grease.........................: 22.99 28.60
Repair and maintenance.....................: 35.59 : 49.73
Depreciation.................................. 21.41 29.85
Licenses and insurance......................: 10.79 8.73
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.): 11.93 : 14.88
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 2.14 : 2.99
Miscellaneous expense......................: 11.50 11.28

Total growing cost........................... :$512.54 :$ 642.94 :$ 3.804

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense............................. :$ 156.33 :$ 157.30 :$ 0.931
Grading and packing expense.................: 130.43 :111.00 : .657
Containers. ................................: 95.51 67.48 .399
Hauling....................................: 41.70 33.16 .196
Selling ....................................: 34.35 25.30 .150

Total harvesting and marketing cost..........:$ 458.32 :$ 394.24 :$ 2.333

Total crop cost..............................:$ 970.86 :$1037.18 :$ 6.137
Crop sales................................... :$1122.59 :$ 879.17 :$ 5.202
Net return...................................:$ 151.73 :$-158.01 :$-0.935


Source: Grower records and estimates.










Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 19.64-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


Item5-Season 1969-70
: Average

Number of growers .............................: 14 17
Number of acres................................ : 3130 3896
Average acres per grower.......................: 220 229
Average yield per acre (40 lb.)................: 269 146

Growing costs: Averagge..per
Acre Acre 40 lb.

Land rent....................................:$ 14.71 :$ 15.34
Seed .........................................: 9.04 8.21
Fertilizer.................................. 106.04 105.44
Spray and dust...............................: 76.57 85.25
Cultural labor...............................: 120.90 : 172.87
Machine hire.................................: 43.85 : 51.00 a/:
Gas, oil and grease..........................: 22.61 25.56
Repair and maintenance.......................: 34.45 45.15
Depreciation... ..............................: 27.44 26.25
Licenses and insurance.......................: 9.18 8.01
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.)..: 11.42 : 13.26
Interest on capital invested(other than land): 2.74 : 2.63
Miscellaneous expense........................: 19.54 13.38

Total growing cost............................. :$ 498.49 :$ 572.35 :$ 3.920

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense..............................:$ 156.46 :$ 134.71 :$ 0.923
Grading and packing expense..................: 156.04 :103.36 : .708
Containers ................................... : 97.42 : 57.27 : .392
Hauling ... ................. .................. : 38.10 30.38 : .208
Selling. .................................... : 33.71 24.76 : .170

Total harvesting and marketing cost............:$ 481.73 :$ 350.48 :$ 2.401

Total crop cost.................................:$ 980.22 :$ 922.83 :$ 6.321
Crop sales........................... ...... $1106.81 :$ 796.31 :$ 5.454
Net return........................ ........ .....:$ 126.59 :$-126.52 :$-0.867


a/ Reported by 15 growers averaging $57.80 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


__









Staked Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Manatee-Ruskin Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


Item5-eason 1969-70
: Average

Number of growers .............................: 12 12
Number of acres................................: 1943 2105
Average acres per grower.......................: 165 175
Average yield per acre (40 lb.)................: 574 : 369

Growing costs: Average..per
Acre Acre 40 lb.

Land rent..................... ............... :$ 38.15 :$ 31.39
Seed...... ................. ................ : 9.11 : 17.75
Fertilizer...................................: 154.46 : 158.21
Spray and dust..............................: 95.47 : 88.98
Cultural labor...............................: 282.80 288.16
Machine hire.................................: 21.31 17.33 a/:
Gas, oil and grease.......... ...............: 36.26 40.79
Repair and maintenance........................: 45.56 40.48
Depreciation...................................: 56.47 : 58.59
Licenses and insurance............ ........... : 28.29 38.01
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.)..: 19.04 : 19.07
Interest on capital invested(other than land): 5.65 : 5.86
Miscellaneous expense........................: 50.21 41.67

Total growing cost............................. :$ 842.78 :$ 846.29 :$2.293

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense..............................:$ 227.17 :$ 213.78 :$0.579
Grading and packing expense...................: 395.05 : 314.78 : .853
Containers.. ................... ................ 208.48 144.07 : .391
Hauling ..................................... .: 47.13 34.74 .094
Selling.......................................: 63.36 49.79 : .135

Total harvesting and marketing cost.............:$ 941.19 :$ 757.16 :$2.052

Total crop cost........................... .... :$1783.97 :$1603.45 :$4.345
Crop sales..................................... :$2087.22 :$1922.48 :$5.210
Net return..................................... :$ 303.25 :$ 319.03 :$0.865


a/ Reported by 10 growers averaging $20.79 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.




1


Vine-Ripe Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
Season 1969-70


Item 1969-70


Number of growers...................................
Number of acres.....................................
Average acres per grower............................
Average yield per acre (40 lb.).....................


Growing costs:


Land rent..........................................:$
Seed...............................................
Fertilizer.................................. ........
Spray and dust.....................................
Cultural labor .....................................
Machine hire.......................................
Gas, oil and grease.................................:
Repair and maintenance............................:
Depreciation........................................
Licenses and insurance..............................:
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.).......:
Interest on capital invested(other than land).....:
Miscellaneous expense .............................:


3
1040
347
258


Average per
Acre 40 lb.


41.77
15.88
168.06
193.87
559.88
92.92 a/
31.17
108.80
71.56
42.21
33.19
7.16
73.05


Total growing cost........................ ......... :$1439.52

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking expense....................................:$
Grading and packing expense.......................:
Containers........................................ ..
Hauling........................................... .:
Selling............................................:


217.91
280.22
114.86
52.85
69.27


Total harvesting and marketing cost.................:$ 735.11

Total crop cost..................................... :$2174.63
Crop sales.......................................... ;$1435.75
Net return .......................................... :$-738.88


:$ 5.580


:$ 0.845
1.086
S .445
S .205
S .268

:$ 2.849

:$ 8.429
:$ 5.565
:$-2.864


Source: Grower records and estimates.


a/ Reported by 2 growers averaging $139.38 per acre.










Vine-Ripe Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1964-65 to 1968-69 and 1969-70


: 5-Season :
Item Seasn 1969-70
: Average


Number of growers............................. :
Number of acres................................ :
Average acres per grower ....................... :
Average yield per acre (40 lb.)................ :


Growing costs:


15
2519
164
818


Acre


Land rent.................................... :$ 70.81
Seed..........................................: 13.22
Fertilizer................................... : 294.18
Spray and dust...............................: 192.58
Cultural labor...............................: 1033.44
Machine hire..................................: 73.05
Gas, oil and grease ...........................: 43.17
Repair and maintenance.......................: 75.13
Depreciation............................ ... : 50.97
Licenses and insurance.......................: 57.00
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.)..: 48.97
Interest on capital invested(other than land): 5.10
Miscellaneous expense........................: 106.14

Total growing cost.............................:$2063.76

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking expense...............................:$ 579.48
Grading and packing expense....................: 677.22
Containers................................ ....: 471.88
Hauling.......................................: 88.07
Selling ......................................: 165.11

Total harvesting andnurketing cost.............:$1981.76

Total crop cost........................ ...... :$4045.52
Crop sales..................................... :$4577.01
Net return..................................... :$ 531.49


9
1670
186
419


Average..per
Acre 40 lb.

:$ 99.92
S 24.03
S321.01
S253.63
: 1262.46
S132.87
S 56.62
S109.86
S 48.24
S 25.76
59.10
S 4.82
S 77.77


:$2476.09


402.14
373.82
231.06
72.01
83.23


:$1162.26

:$3638.35
:$3234.40
:$-403.95


:$ 5.910


0.960
.892
.551
.172
.198


:$ 2.773

:$ 8.683
:$ 7.719
:$-0.964


Source: Grower records and estimates.


----q


-


I