<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Acknowledgements
 Table of Contents
 Map
 Definitions
 Main


UF FLAG IFAS PALMM



Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026154/00010
 Material Information
Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
Series Title: 197374- Economic information report
Portion of title: Vegetable crops in Florida
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1982
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Vegetable trade -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Funding: This collection includes items related to Florida’s environments, ecosystems, and species. It includes the subcollections of Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit project documents, the Sea Grant technical series, the Florida Geological Survey series, the Coastal Engineering Department series, the Howard T. Odum Center for Wetland technical reports, and other entities devoted to the study and preservation of Florida's natural resources.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000304067
oclc - 03425969
notis - ABT0638
lccn - 76368517 //r77
issn - 0149-0613
System ID: UF00026154:00010

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Page i
    Acknowledgements
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
        Page iii
    Map
        Page iv
    Definitions
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
Full Text

Timothy G. Taylor
Gary H. Wilkowske


Costs and


Economic Information
Report 199


Returns


from Vegetable Crops in Florida,
Season 1982-83 with Comparisons


Food and Resource Economics Department
Agricultural Experiment Stations
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville 32611


June 1984















ABSTRACT


Costs and returns were estimated for 14 vegetable crops in one or more of
nine major production areas for the 1982-83 season. Of the 24 crop-area com-
binations, 8 crops were estimated to have incurred losses on average. Total
per acre costs ranged from a low $651.14 per acre for Everglades radishes to
$10,262.44 per acre for Plant City strawberries. Estimated net returns ranged
from $-483.72 per acre for Dade County potatoes to $2448.97 per acre for
tomatoes in Dade County.

Key words: Vegetables, operating cost, harvesting and marketing cost, net
return.

FOREWORD


This is the twenty-third annual summary of costs and returns for Florida
vegetables crops. Although the cost items included in this summary are similar
to previous summaries, the reporting format has been changed. Several items,
including sample sizes, total acreage surveyed, average acres per grower and
statistical ranges, have been omitted primarily for reasons of confidentiality.
As in past years, cost and returns estimated for each crop were obtained
on the basis of data obtained from individual growers and statistical estima-
tion. To increase accuracy in estimating yields and prices, considerable use
was made of Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting Service data. The computation
of 5 years averages for all crops was achieved by estimating costs and returns
for the 1979-80 season for those crops not included in the 1979-80 summary.
These data are available on request from the authors.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


The author wishes to express appreciation to the many vegetable growers
for their cooperation in supplying the basic data utilized in preparing the
report. In addition various county agents, the Florida Fruit and Vegetable
Association, the Florida Tomato Committee and the Florida Crop and Livestock
Reporting Service provided invaluable assistance.


I















ABSTRACT


Costs and returns were estimated for 14 vegetable crops in one or more of
nine major production areas for the 1982-83 season. Of the 24 crop-area com-
binations, 8 crops were estimated to have incurred losses on average. Total
per acre costs ranged from a low $651.14 per acre for Everglades radishes to
$10,262.44 per acre for Plant City strawberries. Estimated net returns ranged
from $-483.72 per acre for Dade County potatoes to $2448.97 per acre for
tomatoes in Dade County.

Key words: Vegetables, operating cost, harvesting and marketing cost, net
return.

FOREWORD


This is the twenty-third annual summary of costs and returns for Florida
vegetables crops. Although the cost items included in this summary are similar
to previous summaries, the reporting format has been changed. Several items,
including sample sizes, total acreage surveyed, average acres per grower and
statistical ranges, have been omitted primarily for reasons of confidentiality.
As in past years, cost and returns estimated for each crop were obtained
on the basis of data obtained from individual growers and statistical estima-
tion. To increase accuracy in estimating yields and prices, considerable use
was made of Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting Service data. The computation
of 5 years averages for all crops was achieved by estimating costs and returns
for the 1979-80 season for those crops not included in the 1979-80 summary.
These data are available on request from the authors.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


The author wishes to express appreciation to the many vegetable growers
for their cooperation in supplying the basic data utilized in preparing the
report. In addition various county agents, the Florida Fruit and Vegetable
Association, the Florida Tomato Committee and the Florida Crop and Livestock
Reporting Service provided invaluable assistance.


I














TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

ABSTRACT, FOREWORD AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .............................. i

TABLE OF CONTENTS................ ................ ......... ......... ii

LIST OF TABLES ......................................... ........... iii

MAP OF FLORIDA VEGETABLE PRODUCING AREAS ............................ iv

DEFINITIONS................................... ... ............** ** v



LIST OF TABLES

Table

1 Summary of estimated per acre costs and returns
for selected Florida vegetables, 1982-83...................... 1

2 SNAP BEANS: Costs and returns per acre in the Palm
Beach-Broward area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83....... 2

3 CABBAGE: Costs and returns per acre in the Hastings
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83.................... 3

4 CELERY: Costs and returns per acre in the Central
Florida area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83............. 4

5 CELERY: Costs and returns per acre in the Everglades
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83.................... 5

6 SWEET CORN: Costs and returns per acre in the Central
Florida area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83............. 6

7 SWEET CORN: Costs and returns per acre in the Everglades
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83................... 7

8 SWEET CORN: Costs and returns per acre in the lower
East Cost area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83........... 8

9 CUCUMBERS: Costs and returns per acre in the
Immokalee-Lee area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83....... 9

10 EGGPLANT: Costs and returns per acre in the Palm Beach-
Broward area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83.............. 10












LIST OF TABLES--Continued


Table Page

11 LEAF CROPS: Costs and returns per acre in the Central
Florida area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83.............. 11

12 LEAF CROPS: Costs and returns per acre in the Everglades
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83.................... 12

13 PEPPERS: Costs and returns per acre in the Immokalee-
Lee area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83................. 13

14 PEPPERS: Costs and returns per acre in the Palm Beach-
Broward area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83............. 14

15 IRISH POTATOES: Costs and returns per acre in the Dade
County area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83............... 15

16 IRISH POTATOES: Costs and returns per acre in the
Hastings area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83............ 16

17 RADISHES: Costs and returns per acre in the Everglades
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83.................... 17

18 SQUASH: Costs and returns per acre in the Dade County
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83..................... 18

19 SQUASH: Costs and returns per acre in the Immokalee-
Lee area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83................. 19

20 SQUASH: Costs and returns per acre in the Palm Beach-
Broward area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83............ 20

21 STRAWBERRIES: Costs and returns per acre in the Plant
City area, 1981-82 and 1982-83............................... 21

22 TOMATOES: Costs and returns per acre in the Dade County
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83................... 22

23 STAKED TOMATOES: Costs and returns per acre in the
Immokalee-Lee area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83...... 23

24 STAKED TOMATOES: Costs and returns per acre in the
Manatee-Ruskin area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83..... 24

25 WATERMELONS: Costs and returns per acre in the Immokalee-
Lee area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83................ 25


iii
























FLORIDA
VEGETABLE PRODUCING AREAS
With Principal Vegetables Produced


1 Dade--tomatoes, snap and pole beans, Irish
potatoes, squash, cucumbers, strawberries
2 Palm Beach-Broward--snap beans, peppers,
eggplant, cucumbers, squash, tomatoes
3 Immokalee-Lee--tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers,
squash, Irish potatoes, watermelons
4 Everglades--snap beans, sweet corn, cabbage,
escarole, celery, Irish potatoes, radishes
5 Fort Pierce--tomatoes, watermelons
6 Wauchula--cucumers, tomatoes, watermelons
7 Sarasota--celery, radishes, lettuce, cabbage
8 Manatee-Ruskin--tomatoes, cabbage, cauliflower,
watermelons
9 Plant City--strawberries, peppers, squash, pole
beans, southern peas, okra
10 Sumter--cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, lettuce,
watermelons
11 Zellwood--sweet corn, celery, escarole, lettuce,
snap beans, radishes
12 Sanford-Oviedo--cabbage, celery, snap beans, lettuce,
escarole, sweet corn, peppers
13 Oxford-Belleview-Lowell--tomatoes, watermelons
14 McIntoch-Island Grove--squash, snap beans, celery
cabbage, lettuce, watermelons
15 Alachua--snap beans, cucumbers, peppers, Irish potatoes,
watermelons
16 Hastings--Irish potaotes, cabbage
17 Starke-Brooker-Lake Butler--snap and lima beans,
cucumbers, peppers, squash, strawberries
18 Quincy-Havana--pole beans, cucumbers, squash, tomatoes
19 Escambia--Irish potatoes


UrV --









DEFINITIONS


Average Yield per acre: The number of saleable units per acre harvested.

Land rent: In the interest of uniformity, land rent was charged for all
acreages and crops at the prevailing rate reported by growers in the area.
This was done to avoid difficulties in the determination of a normal
valuation, interest charge for use of land and capitalization of land values
in a period of fluctuating values and prices. Taxes on farm real estate are
excluded since rent is being charged.

Seed and seedbed includes the cost of seed or plants for planting the crop.
If a seedbed was used, the figures, unless otherwise noted, include costs of
labot and materials for growing plants as well as seed costs.

Fertilizer represents the actual cost of nutrient materials applied to produce
the crop. Labor or machine costs of application are not included.

Spray and dust includes only the cost of materials unless application labor is
specified, in which case some machine costs may also be present. If weed
control chemicals or soil fumigants were used, their costs also are included
here.

Cultural labor contains the value of farm labor, whether hired or family, to
produce the crop from ground preparation until ready for harvest. It does not
include supervision by the operator.

Machine hire is the cost of machine work hired, including use of airplanes
when applicable, in producing the crop. This item includes labor charges for
the machine operator and charges for the use of equipment.

Gas, oil and grease include the cost of gas, oil and grease required to
operator tractors, trucks, sprayers, pumps and other machinery in producing
the crop. It may also include electrical power expense for irrigation when
utilized.

Repair and maintenance represent the cost of repairs to equipment used in
producing the crop. It also includes the small tools such as hoes, rakes and
shovels purchased and charged off as a current expenditure.

Depreciation includes the annual charge for depreciation and obsolescence of
equipment and labor housing.

Licenses and insurance represent the cost of licenses and insurance items when
charge. e to the farm business. Licenses include those for trucks and autos
used on Lne farm. Insurance includes labor and crop insurance and fire or
windstorm insurance on buildings and equipment. It excludes health or
accident insurance for the operator or his family.

Interest on capital invested (other than land) was charged at 13 1/2 percent
of the actual or estimated annual depreciated value of the capital invested in
machinery and equipment. It was assumed that all equipment was presently
worth one half its replacement value.










Interest on production capital was charged at the rate of 13 1/2 percent on
all cash costs for the number of months required to grow and market the crop
regardless of whether or not much production capital was actually borrowed.

Miscellaneous includes such items as wire, stakes, twine, plastic, office
supplies, administrative expense other Ltdcin value of the operator's
management, legal and audit fees, telephone and incidental expenses.

Harvesting and marketing expense, where possible, has been divided into two
items: (1) picking and (2) grading and packing. Picking, cutting, or digging
expense includes actual cost of harvesting the crop and preparing it for
movement to packinghouse or wash house. Washing or grading and packing
expense includes preparation of the product for shipment either in the field
or at an adjacent packinghouse. It includes machinery and overhead costs in
addition to labor. The same is true for all crops in all area where grading
and packing is done off the farm in packinghouses.

Containers include the cost of hampers, crates, bags or baskets in which the
product is moved to market.

Hauling is the cost of movement of the product from field to packinghouse or
loading point. It is often computed on a contract basis and includes labor
and equipment items. In cases where hauling was performed by the operator's
trucks, the costs have been separated from production labor and machine
expense items as nearly as possible.

Other includes the cost of precooling the commodity prior to shipment and, for
celery and sweet corn, the contribution to the Marketing Agreement Program.
Inspection fees, when incurred, are included in packinghouse charges and are
not reported as a separate item.

Selling is the packinghouse, market, sales organization or dealer's charge for
performing the sales service for the crop when deducted from the producer's
price. The cost does not include charges for unloading, grading, packing.

Total receipts are the gross returns before deduction of growing, harvesting
and marketing costs.

Net return is the return to the producer after deduction of all expenses, in
producing, harvesting and marketing the crop.

Proration of costs between crops: Pr- such items a. seed, fertilizer, spray
and dust, airplane application and harvesting and marketing costs, growers'
records or estimates for each crop wece used to make the appropriate charges.

In the case of the cultural labor, however, no breakdown for the different
crops produced on the individual farm could be obtained from the grower except
in a very few cases when such records had been kept. The total cultural labor
for all crops produced on each farm was, in most cases, prorated to the
various crops on the basis of available data developed at the Florida
Agricultural Experiment Stations with regard to man hours required in various
parts of the state to produce different crops from land preparation to
harvest. Except in a very few cases, a similar situation also applies to such
items as machine hire, tractor fuel, oil and grease, repairs, depreciation and
vi









other production costs where records had not been kept showing the respective
charges to different crops. Prorations were also made to these items on the
basis of available data (D.L. Brooke, Fla. Agri. Exp. Sta. Bul. 660, June
1973).

In many cases individual growers did not incur every cost item. This applies
especially to airplane application, machine hire, grading and packing,
containers, hauling and precooling. Thus, these data are based only on the
overall average for all growers contacted in each area.

Per-unit costs and returns were computed by dividing the average yield per
acre in the sample into the various items of cost shown in the individual
tables. They are merely averages of the data recorded and, in some cases, do
not reflect the full cost of performing the service because all growers may
not have incurred every item of cost.




























( i










Table 1. Summary of estimated per acre costs and
Vegetables, 1982-83


returns for selected Florida


Preharvest Harvest and Total Total Net
Crop Area marketing
costs


Snap Beans 2 817.28 283.90 1,101.18 964.60 -136.58
Cabbage 16 1,033.65 945.10 1,978.75 1,517.12 -461.63
Celery 11 1,759.98 1,841.62 3,601.60 5,076.15 1,474.55
Celery 4 2,657.55 1,824.06 4,481.61 5,183.07 701.46
Sweet Corn 11 949.82 548.06 1,497.88 1,257.88 -240.00

Sweet Corn 4 759.74 481.40 1,241.14 1,027.90 -213.24
Sweet Corn 2 810.22 540.33 1,350.55 1,505.00 154.45
Cucumbers. 3 1,172.21 1,223.90 2,396.11 2,595.18 199.07
Eggplant, 2 .2,489.69 1,652.98 4,142.67 3,891.14 -251.53
Leaf 11 1,147.41 1,335.06 2,482.47 3,248.80 766.33

Leaf 4 1,672484 1,545.06 3,217.90 2,957.24 -260.66
Peppers 3 2,366.04 1,582.87 3,948.91 4,120.20 171.29
Peppers 2 3,213.01 1,235.01 4,448.02 4,620.00 171.98
Potatoes 1 1,668.64 328.13 1,996.77 1,513.05 -483.72
Potatoes. 16 1,081.81 366.72 1,448.53 1,741.50 292.97

Radishes 4 302.73 348.41 651.14 1,022.58 371.44
Squash. 1 858.19 681.91 1,540.10 1,957.12 417.02
Squash 3 750.20 786.65 1,536.85 2,090.56 553.71
Squash 2 692.10 509.69 1,201.79 1,781.12 579.33
Strawberries 9 4,185.23 6,077.21 10,262.44 9,811.72 -450.72

Tomatoes 1 2,522.20 3,601.23 6,123.43 8,572.40 2,448.97
Tomatoes 3 2,702.07 3,102.97 5,805.04 7,755.00 1,949.96
Tomatoes 8 2,353.73 3,614.64 5,968.37 8,030.00 2,061.63
Watermelons 3 1,548.22 438.78 1,987.00 2,185.00 198.00







2
Table 2. SNAP BEANS: Costs and returns per acre in the Palm Beach-Broward
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Bushels


Yield (bushels)

Total receipts
Operating costs
Seed .p .. .. ... .... .... .... .....
Fertilizer.............................
Spray and dust.......................
Cultural labor................ .......
Machine hire............. ..... ......
Gas, oil, grease......... ... ..........
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........
Miscellaneous expense..*....,.........*
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent...........................
Depreciation..................... .....
Licenses and insurance.................
Interest on investment.............***,*
Total fixed costs......................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Cutting and packing....................
Containers.............................
Hauling................................
Selling................................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs.................. ..,. ......
Net return...........................


II


91

$964.60


76.10
110.44
78.64
93.98
8.47
45.07
75.37


77

$619.45


43.39
63.13
58.81
76.77
9.77
24.82
32.94


16.88
13.31
.339.82


70.18
21.08
17.86
3.03
112.15


96.03
76.05
16.01
21.70
209.79
661.76
-42.31


10.600


5.940









3.041


1.595
0.903
0.222
0.400
3.120
12.101
-1.501


32.30
20.18
540.55


187.50
60.39
22.05
6.79
276.73


145.12
82.14
20.24
36.40
283.90
1,101.18
-136.58


- ~








3
Table 3 CABBAGE: Costs and returns per acre in'the Hastings area
average 1978-82 and 1982-83


5-season


1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre 50 lbs

Yield (50 Ibs) 438 431


Total receipts............................
Operating costs
Seed..........................................
Fertilizer.............................
Spray and dust........................
Cultural labot...r .... .... a.. .....
Machine hire...........................
Gas, oil, grease*........*.............
Repair and maintenance......*..........
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........
Miscellaneous expense..................
Total operating costs...................
Fixed costs:
Land rent...........................
Depreciation ............*..............
Licenses and insurance..............
Interest on investment.................
Total fixed costs.......................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Cutting and packing..... .......... ...
Containers.. ...........................
Hauling............ ......... ..........
Selling. .. a............ ..s........
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs...*...**..* ** **** ******** ****
Net return...................****..*......


$1,778.08 $1,517.12


78.48
114.95
86.33
S181.87
9.43
54.16
63.51


27.18
10.35
626.26


47.29
51.70
55.93
7.98
162.90


26' .36
425.25
2.18
119.72
811.51
1,600.67
177.41


86.81
146.91
112.78
1-95.00
3.88
77.70
76.66


42.47
22.57
764.78


64.89
42.67
156.51
4.80
268.87


304.39
479.39
17.57
143.75
945.10
1,978.75
-461.63


3.520


1.774








0.624


0.706
1. 12
0.041
0.334
2.193
4.591
-1.071


---~-~--- ------- --









Table 4. CELERY: Costs and returns per acre in the Central Florida area 5-
season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Crates
i ,u i i L im ,i .ii i i ,,


Yield (crates)


Total receipts ....... ......... ......,..
Operating costs
Seed....................................
Fertilizer................. ............
Spray and dust.........................
Cultural labor................. ..........
Machine hire................ ..........
Gas, oil, grease......................
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 5 months)........*
Miscellaneous expense.....,,..........*
Total operating costs...........*........
Fixed costs:
Land rent.............................
Depreciation...........................
Licenses and insurance..........**.....
Interest on investment..........****.**
Total fixed costs..........g...........
Harvesting and marketing costs
Cutting and packing....................
Containers.......,..,....,.,,,.,.**.***
Containers..............................
Hauling.*..........*...........**....
Other.... .*...g..... ...............***
Selling.......*eg... g. .....g.e........
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs.....*..................,.....
Net return....,.,..............,,,......
m l i ii i


526 645

$3,921.22 $5,076.15


118.19
170.33
171.96
S376.97
32.77
48.60
132.62


67.59
139.31
1 258.34


62.12
47.03
93.44
7.69
210.28


888.56
462.38
83.75
182.76
113.75
1731.20
3,199.82
721.40


121.19
175.35
177.45
353.04
25.82
53.00
234.36


89.38
224.28
1,453.87


110.22
71.59
114.23
10.07
306.11


901.14
514.85
91.20
201.83
132.60
1,841.62
3,601.60
1,474.55


7.870


2.254









0.475


1.397
0.798
0.141
0.313
0.206
2.855
5.584
2.286


- '"" .I c --







5

Table 5. CELERY: Costs and returns per acre in the Everglades area 5-season
average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Crates

Yield (crates) 585 591


Total receipts...........................
Operating costs
Seed........... .... ....................
Fertilizer ....... ...................
Spray and dust.........................
Cultural Labor..... .. .................
Machine hire...........................

Gas, oil, grease..........4...........
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........
Miscellaneous expense..................
Total operating costs...................
Fixed costs:
Land rent..............................
Depreciation...........................
-Licenses and. insurance..................
Interest on investment,................
Total fixed costs........................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Cutting and packing....................
Containers.... *.. .....................*
Hauling.................................
Other..................................
Selling........................... ....
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs..............................
Net return..............................


$3,764.89 $5,183.07


111.50
186.88
374.34
503.49
27.75
75.91
150.58


86.90
87.66
1,605.01


113.40
71.31
101.22
11.93
297.86


731.28
541.72
114.84
284.86
118.89
1 791.59
3 694.46
70.43


158.01
293.45
488.81
664.14


97.66
300.49


106.96
83.47
2,192.99


168.75
156.15
122.10
17.56
464.56


710.07
546.97
165.70
260.82
140.50
1,824.06
4,481.61
701.46


8.770


3.711









0.786


1.201
0.925
0.280
0.441
0.238
3.086
7.583
1.187








Table 6. SWEET CORN: Costs and returns per acre in the Central Florida area
5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per


Category

Yield (crates)

Total receipts...........................
Operating costs
Seed. ......,...... .. ..................
Fertilizer .............................
Spray and dust....... ..................
Cultural labor......................
Machine hire.........................
Gas, oil, grease.. .... ..... .. .........
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........
Miscellaneous expense.........*********
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent..............................
Depreciation ...........................
Licenses and insurance................*
Interest on investment................
Total fixed costs........... .............
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking and packing....................
Containers........................... *
Hauling...................... .........
Other. ..... ...... ..................
Selling........... ................. ..
T,?t1 harvesting and marketing cost......
Total costs.............................
Net return....... .......................


Acre Vrates


Acre

300

$1,302.12


22.29
65.21
115.25
54.38
15.89
26.85
70.36


22.53
68.09
460.85


57.01
22.77
34.7,5
3.88
118.41


214.21
276.30
34.90
104.78
58.58
688.77
1268.03
34.09


5.330


236

$1,257.88


20.86
92.01
161.12
33.94
42.83
51.86
130.70


41.96
187.43
762.71


96.41
40.10
46.09
4.51
187.11


184.82
211.40
33.04
59.80
59.00
548.06
1,497.88
-240.00


3.232









0.793


0.783
0.896
0.140
0.253
0.250
2.3232
6.347
-1.017


--- -- - ~-- -I







7

Table 7. SWEET CORN: Costs and returns per acre in the Everglades area 5-
season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Crates

Yield (crates) 194 190

Total receipts........................... $864.80 $1,027.90 5.410


Operating costs
Seed... ............. ...................
Fertilizer ........... .......... .....
Spray and dust..........................
Cultural labor....................... .......
Machine hire..........................
Gas, oil, grease.....................
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........
Miscellaneous expense...........,......
Total operating costs..................
Fixed costs:
Land rent..............................
Depreciation................ ...........
Licenses and insurance.................
Interest on investment.................
Total fixed costs......................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking and packing....................
Containers...........................-
Hauling................................
Other.................................
Selling................................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs.............................
Net return...............................


23.30
46.63
108.63
58.03
22.93
20.41
41.14


16.86
19.92
357.85


56.70
30.31
27.11
4,80
118.92


182.92
186.18
39.32
92.74
38.52
539.68
1.016.45


34.87
96.41
221.25
56.49
27.60
20.12
84.38


29.97
21.06
592.15


79.19
57.40
24.54
6.46
167.59


134.53
168.19
56.36
74.58
47.74
481.40
1241.14


3.117









0.882


0.708
0.885
0.297
0.393
0.251
2.534
6.532


-151.65 -213.24 -1.122










Table 8. SWEET CORN Costs and returns per acre in the Lower East
5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83


Coast area


1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Crates


Yield (crates)

Total receipts.................... .......
Operating costs
Seedo...e..............................
Fertilizer. ..... .............. .......
Spray and dust....................
Cultural labor. .......................
Machine hire .......... ................
Gas, oil, grease...................
Repair and maintenance................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........
Miscellaneous expense..................
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent............................

Depreciation...........................
Licenses and insurance...............
Interest on investment............
Total fixed costs........................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking and packing...................
Containers..............................
Hauling...............,......,...... .. .
Other.................. ...............
Selling..................... ..........
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs..............................
Net return...........*...................


191

$1,089.71


28.04
122.36
135.17
71.49
20.66
38.38
53.29


25.01
21.96
516.36


82.74
24.25
33.13
4.35
144.47


132.32
161.70
32.49
118.62
32.70
477.33
1,138.16
-48.45


175

$1,505.00


22.05
135.62
156.90
.71.20
32.12
56.28
75.42


33.45
18.99
602.03


138.47
29.44
36.21
4.07
208.19


154.20
198.87
13.18
142.10
31.98
540.33
1,350.55
154.45


8.600


3.440









1.190


0.881
1.136
0.075
0.812
0.183
3.088
7.717
0.883









Table 9. CUCUMBERS: Costs and returns per acre in the Immokalee-Lee area 5-
season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Bushels

Yield (bushels) 302 334


Total receipts...........................
Operating costs
Seed................ ...................
Fertilizer........ ................ .....
Spray and dust.....................
Cultural labor....................... .
Machine hire...........................
Gas, oil, grease.........' .............
Repair and maintenance..................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........
Miscellaneous expense.... .............
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent..............................
Depreciation...........................
Licenses and insurance.................
Interest on investment.................
Total fixed costs.....................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking ...............................
Grading and packing...................
Containers............. ...............
Hauling...........0......... ...........
Selling.... ...... .....................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs.............................
Net return...............................


$2,117.98


21.17
197.10
102.74
236.85
38.65
65.45
62.59


35.09
25.26
784.90


55.75
44.15
57.36
7.48
164.74


386.71
251.39
222.10
77.26
54.09
991.55
1,941.19
176.79


$2,595.18


26.55
282.02
143.12
232.92
38.21
81.73
71.35


47.73
31.05
954.68


85.60
57.29
68.20
6.44
217.53


518.31
286.45
253.51
107.04
58.59
1,223.90
2,396.11
199.07


7.770


2.858









0.651


1.552
0.858
0.759
0.320
0.175
3.664
7.174
0.596









Table 10. EGGPLANT: Costs and returns per acre in the Palm Beach-Broward
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Bushels

Yield (bushels) 740 769


Total receipts...........................
Operating costs
Seed................ ..................
Fertilizer ............................
Spray and dust........................
Cultural labor.........................
Machine hire ..........................
Gas, oil, grease ...................*..*
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 5 months).........
Miscellaneous expense...........**********
Total operating costs.............*......
Fixed costs:
Land rent..............................
Depreciation.......... ...... ...... .....
Licenses .and insurance........... .....
Interest on investment.......*..........
Total fixed costs...................*****
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking and packing....................
Containers....................*.*.**.**
Hauling........ .......... ........********
Selling....... ........................*
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs..........................**
Net return.....................**********


$3,451.33 $3,891.14


68.06
307.95
254.58
560.93
41.91
102.74
113.24


94.86
242.96
1,787.23


105.71
55.16
103..42
9.32
273.61


685.21
494.49
130.95
186.66
1,497.31
3,558.15
-106.82


86.82
417.52
289.50
684.61
37.87
110.12
116.60


129.10
240.31
2,112.45


199.50
57.42
112.25

8.07
377.24


841.68
484.47
134.58
192.25
1,652.98
4,142.67
-251.53


5.060


2.747









0.491


1.095
0.630
0.175
0.250
2.150
5.387
-0.327


--









Table 11. LEAF CROPS: Costs and returns per acre in the Central Florida area
5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per


Category
--l


Yield (crates)

Total receipts.................. ........
Operating costs
Seed..................................
Fertilizer........ ......... ......
Spray and dust.... ...................
Cultural labor................. .... ...
Machine hire...........................
Gas, oil, grease........ .............
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........
Miscellaneous expense............ .....
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent..............................
Depreciation.................... ......
Licenses and insurance.............,,..
Interest on investment................
Total fixed costs........................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking and packing....................
Containers.............................
Hauling.................. ..............
Other..................................
Selling................................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs.............................
Net return...,. .. .>....... ...............


Acre Crates


620

$3,248.80


97.37
40.31
67.41
245.69
82.75
55.47
135.44


Acre

636

$2,828.34


96.44
63.48
71.68
224.29


30.56
88.65


30.03
61.10
666.23


61.00
39.04
65.87
6.55
172.46


306.49
521.88
45.85
201.27
90.67
1,166.16
2,004.85
823.49


5.240


1.353









0.498


0.522
0.992
0.084
0.300
0.256
2.153
4.004
1.236


I


45.98
68.23
838.65


98.46
71.59
130.66
8.05
308.76


323.76
615.05
52.10
185.72
158.43
1,335.06
2,482.47
766.33






12

Table 12. LEAF CROPS: Costs and returns per acre in the Everglades area 5-
season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Crates


Yield (crates)

Total receipts...........................
Operating costs
Seed ...... ..... ...... ....... ...
Fertilizer e.s...........................
Spray and dust......... .............
Cultural.labor.. ..........,.............
Machine hire...........................
Gas, oil, grease.....................
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........
Miscellaneous expense.*................
Total operating costs.................. .
Fixed costs:
Land rent.,.. ......... .... ...........
Depreciation. .........................
Licenses and insurance.................
Interest on investment.................
Total fixed costs....................... .
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking and packing...................
Containers...........a...................
Hauling................................
Other........................................
Selling................................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs.............................
Net return.........................*...*.


458 572

$2,236.60 $2,957.24


22.22
129.32
118.49
234.72
39.12
36.94
71.70


34.37
35.64
722.52


95.76
31.99
41.83.
5.15
174.73


-339.85
357.57
89.78
221.08
84.66
1 092.94
1,990.19
246.41


21.83
251.32
259.45
337.00
61.20
112.60
165.56


69.77
42.78
1321.51


221.38
47.34
77.28
5.33
351.33


548.41
492.93
173.97
246.24
83.51
1,545.06
3,217.90
-260.66


5.170


2.310









0.614


0.959
0.862
0.304
0.430
0.146
2.701
5.626
-0.456


- -- -- ------- ~- ---







13

Table 13. PEPPERS: Costs and returns per acre in the Immokalee-Lee area
5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Bushels

Yield (bushels) 562 436

Total receipts........................... $3,698.16 $4,120.20 9.450


Operating costs
Seed. ............... ... ..............
Fertilizer ..... .......................
Spray and dust.........................
Cultural labor........................
Machine hire...........................
Gas, oil, grease......................
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 5 months).........
Miscellaneous expense..................
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent..............................
Depreciation........................
Licenses and insurance.................
Interest on investment..................
Total fixed costs........................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking ...............................
Grading and packing....................
Containers*.............................
Hauling ............ ..................
Selling.............. ...................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs..............................
Net return......... ............... ...... ..


106.31
283.13
312.05
-465.72
51.84
133.14
198.21


99.10
315.15
1,964.65


73.06
82.58
106.77
13.76
276.17


451.97
551.65
321.63
134.06
126.94
1 586.25
3,827.07


101.06

326.22
328.67
480.00


162.49
212.11


119.94
310.02
2,040.51


90.68
99.78
121.04
14.03
325.53


476.53
539.57
334.40
128.21
104.16
1,582.87
3,948.91


-128.91 171.29


4.680









0.747


1.093
1.238
0.767
0.294
0.239
3.360
9.057
0.393








Table 14. PEPPERS:


14

Costs and returns per acre in the Palm Beach-Broward
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83


1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Bushesl


Yield (bushels)


738


525


Total receipts...........................
Operating costs
Seed.......... ............. ..... ....
Fertilizer..................... .......
Spray and dust.........................
Cultural labor ........................
Machine hire..........................
Gas, oil, grease... ..... ............
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........

Miscellaneous expense........**.....***
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent...............................
Depreciation...........................
Licenses and insurance............****..
Interest on investment......*..........
Total fixed costs........................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking and packing.............*****..
Containers..*.............*....o....*o..
Hauling...............................
Selling................................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs..................... .....
Net return.........,.....................


$4,611.27 $4,620.00


102.15
256.68
379.46
716.25
94.81
138.38
182.04


118.36
281.05
2,269.18


96.25
74.83
170.49
11.99
353.56


767.86
391.33
149.17
177.15
1,485.51
4,108.25
503.02


183.35
305.20
498.00
819.94
15.86
103.99
442.37


160.73
271.11
2,800.55


120.11
176.03
91.57
24.75
412.46


634.53
355.24
112.15
133.09
17235.01
4,448.02
171.98


8.800


5.334









0.785


1-.209
0.677
0.214
0.254
2.352
8.472
0.328









Table 15. IRISH POTATOES:


Costs and returns per acre in the Dade County
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83


1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre CWT.

Yield (CWT.) 169 131


Total receipts.....* ......*..*...........
Operating costs
Seed....................................
Fertilizer.............................
Spray and dust..........................
Cultural labor ........ .. .............
Machine hire...........................
Gas, oil, grease......... '............
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........
Miscellaneous expense..................
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent. .... ....... .......... .......
Depreciation...........................
Licenses and insurance. .................
Interest on investment. ...............*
Total fixed costs................ ........
Harvesting and marketing costs
Digging ............ ....................
Grading and packing.......... ..........
Containers.............................
Hauling,....o......,....................
Selling............ ....................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs.............................
Net return..............,...............


$1,743.41


265.27
128.37
134.40
132.44
12.80
50.17
69.11


39.14
19.86
851.56


90.97
52.38
60.50
8.37
212.22


38.02
188.56
62.31
32.29
53.32
374.50
1,438.28
305.13


1,513.05


$11.550


299.06
210.15
258.04
198.62
12.44
36.15
161.29


68.57
32.52
1,276.84


177.44
142.24
56.12
16.00
391.80


33.98
130.16
84.75
15.74
63.50
328.13
1,996.77
-483.72


9.747









2.991


0.259
0.994
0.647
0.120
0.485
2.565
15.243
-3.693









Table 16. IRISH POTATOES:


Costs and returns per acre in the Hastings area
5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83


1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre CWT.

Yield (CWT.) 226 215


Total receipts..........................
Operating costs
Seed.................... .............
Fertilizer.............................
Spray and dust;........................
Cultural. labor.. ... ........ .........
Machine hire.............. ... ........
Gas, oil, grease.......................
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........

Miscellaneous expense..................
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent.......................,......
Depreciation...........................
Licenses and insurance.................
Interest on investment.................
Total fixed costs........... .......
Harvesting and marketing costs
Digging................... ...........
Grading and packing......,....*........


Hauling....*....ic ....*...,....*...
Sellingers.............................

Total harvesting and marketing costs.,..*
Total costs...........,. ................
Net return.............................


$8.100


199.38
128.38
80.34
78.43
9.32
42.64
65.18


29.00
S28.94
661.61


48.67
57.87
37.83
7.93
152.30


53.32
84.04
40.79
48.32
63.42
289.89
1,103.80
267.46


200.70
145.90,
136.87
126.57
24.32
61.65
75.89


41.80
54.28
867.98


52.20
99.82
50.58
11.23
213.83


57.29
93.84
82.96
64.96
67.67
366.72
1.448.53
292.97


4.037








0.995


0.266
0.436
0.386
0.302
0.315
1.706
6.737
1.363


$1,371.26 $1,741.0










Table 17. RADISHES:


Costs and returns per acre in the Everglades area 5
season average 1978-82 and 1982-83


1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre 30-6 oz.

Yield (30-6 oz.) 202 247


Total receipts.*.. ...... ...............

Operating costs
Seed...... .. ...................................
Fertilizer......... ..................
Spray and dust.......................
Cultural labor......................
Machine hire..........................
Gas, oil, grease.......................
Repair and maintenance...........*.....
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 2 months).........
Miscellaneous expense..... ....o* .....
Total operating costs*............**.....
Fixed costs:
Land rent. ...........................
Depreciation.... .......................
Licenses and insurance....... ...*.....
Interest on investment......*.....**...
Total fixed costs.............****.......
Harvesting and marketing costs
Digging..............................
Grading and packin .....*...............
Containers......................******,o
Hauling..... ....... ..... ............
Other................. ..... .............
Selling... ............................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs.............*................
Net return.*....................*****....


$636.71 $1,022.58 $4.140


21.10
23.93
22.33
40.23
4.23
18.16
34.87


4.48
10.24
179.57


24.86
11.04
17.26
2.15
55.31


29.57
114.85
99.05
18.89
9.40
33.61
305.37
540.25
96.46


21.84
27.36
35.94
39.67:


31.55
53.93


6.24
13.04
229.57


24.32
15.75
29.55
3.54
73.16


50.56
88.13
106.40
33.44
25.56
44.32
348.41
651.14
371.44


0.929








0.396


0.205
0.357
0.431
0.135
0.103
0.179
1.411
2.636
1.504









Table 18. SQUASH:


18

Costs and returns per acre in the Dade County area 5-
season average 1978-82 and 1982-83


1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Bushels


Yield (bushels)


162


176


$1,423.49 $1,957.12.


Total receipts................. ..........
Operating costs
Seed .......... ..... .......... ....
Fertilizer.............................
Spray and dust......................
Cultural labor ....... ..................
Machine hire.........................
Gas, oil, grease.... ..................
Repair and maintenance...(............
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months)....*....

Miscellaneous expense........***********
Total operating costs...................
Fixed costs:
Land rent.................. ... .......
Depreciation..........................
Licenses and insurance................
Interest on investment.................
Total fixed costs......................*..
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking and packing...................
Containers.............................
Hauling.............. ........ .........
Selling....... .... ....................

Total harvesting and marketing costs.....

Total costs..............................

Net return....................o........*


96.10
100.80
82.36
80.91
19.67
45.51
64.07


25.58
22.34
537.34


79.73
35.89
51.71
4.04
171.37


316.93
149.60
33.28
49.52

549.33

1,258.04

165.45


106.68
116.20
90.91
99.70
16.53
55.55
69.55


34.95
33.22
623.29


127.69
41.88
60.62
4.71
234.90


420.11
176.48
36.72
48.60

681.91

1,540.10

417.02


$11.12


3.541









1.335


2.387
1.003
0.209
0.276

3.874

8.751

2.369


- --


-- -- ---







19

Table 19. SQUASH: Costs and returns per acre in the Immokalee-Lee area 5-
season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Bushels


Yield (bushels)

Total receipts........ ....... ......
Operating costs
Seed........ ...........................
Fertilizer ..... .......................
Spray and dust........................
Cultural labor........................ .
Machine hire...........................
Gas, oil, grease.......................
Repair and maintenance................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% -.4 months).........

Miscellaneous expense.......*........
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent........... .... ........
Depreciation...........................
Licenses and insurance................

Interest on investment.................
Total fixed costs........................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking................................
Grading and packing....................
Containers.............................
Hauling................................
Selling............ ...................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs..............................
Net return...............................


192

$1,673.10


32.31
149.44
70.00
110.15
21.85
49.94
34.89


22.77
19.08
510.43


43.35
28.82
40.33
4.73
117.23


232.07
148.42
189.87
43.95
81.14
695.45
1 323.11
349.99


188

2,090.56


$11.120


33.19
171.43
79.83
141.14
22.29
61.99
40.37


30.79
28.01
609.04


56.01
31.61
49.98
3.56
141.16


306.56
166.81
213.40
43.48
56.40
786.65
1536.85
553.71


3.240









0.751


1.631
0.887
1.135
0.231
0.300
4.184
8.175
2.945


- --










Table 20. SQUASH: Costs and returns per acre in the Palm Beach-Broward area
5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Bushels

Yield (bushels) 134 176


$1,299.91 $1,781.12


Total receipts ..................
Operating costs
Seed.... .. ...... ................................
Fertilizer.............................
Spray and dust.........................
Cultural labor..................
Machine hire............ ............... .
Gas, oil, grease ........ .............
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
Capital (13 1/2% 4 months)........
Miscellaneous expense......*...........
Total operating costs..................
Fixed Costs:
Land rent............................
Depreciation........ ............... ....
Licenses and insurance.e... .....e......
Interest on investment.................
Total fixed costs................ ........
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking and packing...................
Containers.............................
Hauling.................... ............
Selling................................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total ostsr.............................
Net return...............................


18.29
71.88
87.84
S 111.70
23.29
12.12
46.01


19.40
15.37
405.90


73.66
22.77
14.84
3.72
114.99


219.15
120.54
30.29
39.58
409.56
930.45
369.46


$10.12


19..65
76.42
87.64
169.64
33.20
16.43
81.31


28.66
29.31
542.26


103.38
23.85
19.93
2.68
149.84


291.75
133.06
42.8g
42.00
509.69
1,201.79
579.33


3.081









0.851


1.658
0.756
0.244
0.239
2.896
6.828
3.292


- --










Table 21. STRAWBERRIES: Cost and returns in the Plant City area 1981-82 and
1982-83.

1981-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre Flats

Yield (flats) 1847 1598


Total receipts. ................ .........
Operating costs
Seed...................................
Fertilizer...... ........................
Spray and dust........................
Cultural labor..........................
Machine hire...........................
Gas, oil, grease.......................
Repair and maintenance..s.............
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 5 months),........
Miscellaneous expense..................
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent.......... ................
Depreciation............,.........,.....
Licenses and insurance............*****
Interest on investment....... ..........
Total fixed costs ............. .... ....**
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking. ...... .. .....................
Containers.............................
Hauling.................................
Selling .................. ..............
Other....,......... ....................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs...o....................******
Net return..............................*


$11,377.52 $9,811.72


897.53
352.28
657.61
371.72
4.40
312.33
180.94


215.23
191.37
3,183.41


550.00
93.75
280.00
19.92
943.67


908.62
339.64
607.40
417.74


300.94
184.56


257.35
203.53
3,219.78


560.00
98.65
290.15
16.65
965.45


3,358.46 2,905.70
1,354.24 1,195.10
38.00 33.68
1,145.94 942.82
1,048.48 999.91
6,945.12 6,077.21
11 072.20 10 262.44
305.32 -450.72


$6.140


2.015








0.604


1.818
0.748
0.021
0.590
0.626
3.803
6.422
-0.282


~11111~~-1~-~-----









Table 22. TOMATOES: Costs and returns per acre in the Dade County area 5-
season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre 25 lbs.

Yield (25 Ibs.) 886 1160


Total receipts..................... *****
Operating costs
Seed.............. ...............* .
Fertilizer..... .................. ..
Spray and dust........***........*****.
Cultural labor....... ................
Machine hire...........................
Gas, oil, grease.......................
Repair and maintenance...4.............
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 5 months).........
Miscellaneous expense.........*........
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent.............*.............*..
Depreciation........................ ...
Licenses and insurance..... ...........
Interest on investment.................
Total fixed costs.........................
/
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking............... *...............*
Grading and packing....................
Containers................*....**...***
Hauling...........*........* ***********
Selling................................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs................*.....**.....*.
Net return...............................


$4,468.02 $8,572.40


44.48
222.92
442.25
471.09
27.08
82.93
120.40


93.96
307.28
1,812.39


91.10
81.08
79.67
16.85
268.70


491.41
891.54
451.50
168.63
178.14
2,181.22
4.262.31
205.71


49.84
259.58
498.64
599.42
31.17
103.52
130.47


129.00
366.94
2 168.58


159.95
87.59
93.76
12.32
353.62


895.70
1,489.09
697.76
239.12
279.56
3,601.23
6,123.43
2,448.97


$7.390


1.870









0.305


0.772
1.234
0.602
0.207
0.241
3.105
5.279
2.111


--









Table 23. STAKED TOMATOES: Costs and returns per acre in the Immokalee-Lee
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre 25 LBS.


Yield (25 LBS.)


1025


Total receipts..........................
Operating costs
Seed.......... ...... .. ...............
Fertilizer.............................
Spray and dust.........................
Cultural labor................... .......
Machine hire...........................
Gas, oil, grease......................
Repair and maintenance.................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 5 months).,.......
Miscellaneous expense.................
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent...........................
Depreciation...........................
Licenses and insurance................
Interest on investment......*..........
Total fixed costs.......................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking ............ .. .................
Grading and packing...................
Containers............................
Hauling............ ..................
Selling.............. ..................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....
Total costs.............................
Net return........... .................


$5,228.90 $


123.28
297.53
415.18
807.02
58.43
129.89
189.43


122.88
329.06
2.472.70


83.51
108.62
106.61
18.23
316.97


598.52
930.99
498.62
182.05
156.23
2,366.41
5,156.08
72.82


1100

7,755.00 $7.050


177.45
315.62
296.84
718.28
57.45
151.85
225.59


134.99
234.37
2,312.44


96.39
146.72
125.89
20.63
389.63


861.42

1,151.01
698.42
2.10.11
182.01
3,102.97
5,805.04
1,949.96


2.102









0.354


0.783
1.046
0.635
0.191
0.165
2.821
5.277
1.773


I -









Table 24. STAKED TOMATOES: Costs and returns per acre in the Mantee-Ruskin
area 5-season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre 25 lbs.


Yield (25 Ibs.)

Total receipts...........................
Operating costs
Seed.................oo................
Fertilizer.............................
Spray and dust..........................
Cultural labor........................
Machine hire...........................
Gas, oil, grease........................
Repair and maintenance.*...............
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 5 months).........
Miscellaneous expense..................
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent............................
Depreciation...........................
Licenses and insurance.................
Interest on investment....e......o.....
Total fixed costs........................
Harvesting and marketing costs
Picking................................
Grading and packing....................
Containers...................d.........
Hauling.............. ..................
Selling................................
Total harvesting and marketing costs.....*
Total costs..............................
Net return...............................


1096 1100

$5,833.50 $8,030.00


100.68
223.42
243.92
522.99.
26.14
135.87
130.15


86.99
190.87
1,661.03


60.18
148.76
126.20
23.03
358.17


734.50
1,336.85
579.89
169.96
179.25
3,000.45
5,019.65
813.85


74.55
266.62
175.35
561.86
19.98
186.42
172.97


106.66
201.52
1,765.93


92.10
308.58
144.87
42.25
587.80


756.70.
1,597.46
905.60
143.16
211.72
3,614.64
5,968.37
2,061.63


$7.30


1.605









0.534


0.688
1.452
0.823
0.130
0.192
3.286
5.426
1.874










Table 25. WATERMELONS: Costs and returns per acre in the Imokalee-Lee area 5
season average 1978-82 and 1982-83

1978-82 1982-83 Season
Average per

Category Acre Acre CWT.

Yield (CWT.) 262 190


$1,831.79 $2,185.00


Total receipts.....,.,................
Operating costs
Seed ................ ....... ..... .......
Fertilizer.. ...........................
Spray and dust.......................
Cultural labor........................
Machine hire.........................
Gas, oil, grease.......... .............
Repair and maintenance..................
Interest on production
capital (13 1/2% 4 months).........
Miscellaneous expense..................
Total operating costs....................
Fixed costs:
Land rent..............................
Depreciation...........................
Licenses and insurance...... ..........
Interest on investment.................
Total fixed costs................. ...... .
Harvesting and marketing costs
Cutting......................... ......
Grading and packing...................
Containers............................
Hauling.......... .......... ... ........
Selling................................
Total harvesting and marketing costs......
Total costs.................. .........
Net return...............................


13.45
227.67
138.15
161.05
120.67
61.45
59.47


45.60
19.20
846.71


53.17
46.55
44.04
7.57
151.33


88.69
72.12
14.70
122.56
80.56
378.63
1,376.67
455.12


21.21
369.67
164.41
281.98
159.28
98.62
105.81


75.73
13.21
1,289.92


77.44
110.61
54.70
15.55
258.30


105.01
93.12
16.81
130.72
93.12
438.78
1987.00
198.00


$11.500


6.789









1.359


0.553
0.490
0.088
0.688
0.490
2.309
10.458
1.042








26


This public document was promugated at an annual cost of $1,730.00 or
$0.91 per copy to furnish the vegetable industry and allied suppliers with
current information on costs and returns of vegetable crops in Florida.