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 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Foreword
 Acknowledgements
 Table of Contents
 Map
 Definitions
 Main


UF FLAG IFAS PALMM



Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026154/00002
 Material Information
Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
Series Title: 197374- Economic information report
Portion of title: Vegetable crops in Florida
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: 1974
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Vegetable trade -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Funding: This collection includes items related to Florida’s environments, ecosystems, and species. It includes the subcollections of Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit project documents, the Sea Grant technical series, the Florida Geological Survey series, the Coastal Engineering Department series, the Howard T. Odum Center for Wetland technical reports, and other entities devoted to the study and preservation of Florida's natural resources.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000304067
oclc - 03425969
notis - ABT0638
lccn - 76368517 //r77
issn - 0149-0613
System ID: UF00026154:00002

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Abstract
    Foreword
        Page i
    Acknowledgements
        Page i
    Table of Contents
        Page ii
        Page iii
    Map
        Page iv
    Definitions
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
Full Text

D. L. Brooke


Economic Information
Report 49


Costs and Returns from
Vegetable Crops in Florida,
Season 1974-75 with
Comparisons


HU A


LIBRARY


DE:C 7 1976

S!F.^ kU,. of Florida


Food and Resource Economics Department
Agricultural Experiment Stations
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville 32611


March 1976


















ABSTRACT


Costs and returns were obtained and summarized for 14 different
vegetable crops in one or more of eight major producing areas for the
1974-75 season. Per acre costs of production increased by a larger
amount in 1974-75 over the previous season than for any two consecutive
seasons of record since 1945. Part of the increase was due to higher
prices for materials fuels and labor, while some must be attributed to
rapid changes in technology. Nearly all crops studied reported higher
yields per acre which held increases in unit costs to a relatively low-
er level than per acre costs.

Key words: Economics, vegetables, annual costs, simple averages,
purposive sample.














FOREWORD


This is the fifteenth in this series of summaries of costs and

returns from the principal vegetable crops by major producing areas in
Florida. There is a need among growers, commodity groups, credit
agencies, research workers and teachers for current factual information
of this type.
Data in this summary were gathered by personal interview with
growers of the various vegetable crops. Growers' records of actual
production costs were used when available, and estimates taken when re-
cords were not kept. As complete a breakdown of costs as possible was
obtained from each grower. Insofar as possible, growing and harvesting
costs have been separated and labor items excluded from costs of
materials. In a few cases, where crop sales were not available from
growers, they were computed on the basis of average prices received for
the crop as reported by the Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting Service,
Orlando, Florida.













ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


The writer wishes to express his appreciation to the vegetable
growers for their excellent cooperation and also to the Florida Fruit
and Vegetable Association, the Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting
Service, Orlando, Florida, and to various county agents for much worth-
while assistance.














FOREWORD


This is the fifteenth in this series of summaries of costs and

returns from the principal vegetable crops by major producing areas in
Florida. There is a need among growers, commodity groups, credit
agencies, research workers and teachers for current factual information
of this type.
Data in this summary were gathered by personal interview with
growers of the various vegetable crops. Growers' records of actual
production costs were used when available, and estimates taken when re-
cords were not kept. As complete a breakdown of costs as possible was
obtained from each grower. Insofar as possible, growing and harvesting
costs have been separated and labor items excluded from costs of
materials. In a few cases, where crop sales were not available from
growers, they were computed on the basis of average prices received for
the crop as reported by the Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting Service,
Orlando, Florida.













ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


The writer wishes to express his appreciation to the vegetable
growers for their excellent cooperation and also to the Florida Fruit
and Vegetable Association, the Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting
Service, Orlando, Florida, and to various county agents for much worth-
while assistance.














TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
FOREWORD AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. . . .. i

MAP OF FLORIDA VEGETABLE PRODUCING AREAS . .. iv

DEFINITIONS. . . . .... .. v

COSTS AND RETURNS DATA ........ . . .... 1


LIST OF TABLES

Table Page
1 SNAP BEANS: Cost and returns in the Palm Beach-
Broward area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 1

2 POLE BEANS: Costs and returns in the Dade County
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 .... .. 2

3 CABBAGE: Costs and returns in the Central Florida
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . 3

S4 CABBAGE: Costs and returns in the Hasitngs area 5-
season average 1970-74 and 1974-75. ..... 4

5 CELERY: Costs and returns in the Central Florida
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75. .. .. 5

6 CELERY: Costs and returns in the Everglades area
5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75. . . ... 6

V7 SWEET CORN: Costs and returns in the Central Florida
area 5-seaosn average 1970-74 and 1974-75. ,. 7

8 SWEET CORN: Costs and returns in the Everglades area
5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75. . ... 8

9 SWEET CORN: Costs and returns in the Lower East Coast
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . .,, 9


D. L. BROOKE is a professor in the Food and Resource Economics
Department.







LIST OF TABLES -- Continued


Page


Table


15 PEPPERS: Costs and returns in the Immokalee-Lee
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . .


16 PEPPERS: Costs and returns in the Palm Beach-
Broward area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 .

17 IRISH POTATOES: Costs and returns in the Dade County
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . .

18 IRISH POTATOES: Costs and returns in the Hastings
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . .

19 RADISHES: Costs and returns in the Everglades area
5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . ...

20 SQUASH: Costs and returns in the Dade County area
5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . .

21 SQUASH: Costs and returns in the Immokalee-Lee
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . .

22 SQUASH: Costs and returns in the Palm Beach-Broward
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . .

r 23 TOMATOES: Costs and returns in the Dade County area
5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75. . .

,24 TOMATOES: Costs and returns in the Ft. Pierce area
5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75. . .

25 STAKED TOMATOES: Costs and returns in the Immokalee-
Lee area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 .

26 STAKED TOMATOES: Costs and returns in the Manatee-
Ruskin area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75.. .


27 WATERMELONS: Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . ,


* 9


10 CUCUMBERS: Costs and returns in the Immokalee-Lee
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . .

11 CUCUMBERS: Costs and returns in the Palm Beach-
Broward area season 1974-75 . ... .. ...

12 EGGPLANT: Costs and returns in the Palm Beach-
Broward area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 .

13 LEAF CROPS: Costs and returns in the Central
Florida area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 .

14 LEAF CROPS: Costs and returns in the Everglades
area 5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75 . .


9 .




* ,




* 5




9 5


27
* *


9 a


. T I .









,19.
I- % -
j,,/ ( I !
(-- L /
l \17
-1 5. :
I\ \ I- I'-
I -,


FL
VEGETABLE
With Principal


0 R I D A
PRODUCING AREAS
Vegetables Produced


1 Dade tomatoes, snap and pole beans, Irish
potatoes, squash, cucumbers, strawberries
2 Palm Beach-Broward snap beans, peppers,
eggplant, cucumbers, squash, tomatoes
3 Immokalee-Lee tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers,
squash, Irish potatoes, watermelons
4 Everglades snap beans, sweet corn, cabbage,
escarole, celery, Irish potatoes, radishes
5 Fort Pierce tomatoes, watermelons
6 Wauchula cucumbers, tomatoes, watermelons
7 Sarasota celery, radishes, lettuce, cabbage
8 Manatee-Ruskin tomatoes, cabbage, cauliflower,
watermelons
9 Plant City strawberries, peppers, squash,
pole beans, southern peas, okra
10 Sumter cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, lettuce,
watermelons
11 Zellwood sweet corn, celery, escarole,
lettuce, snap beans, radishes
12 Sanford-Oviedo cabbage, celery, snap beans,
lettuce, escarole, sweet corn, peppers
13 Oxford-Belleview-Lowoell tomatoes, watermelons
14 McIntosh-Island Grove squash, snap beans, celery,
cabbage, lettuce, watermelons
15 Alachua snap beans, cucumbers, peppers,
Irish potatoes, watermelons
v16 Hastings Irish potatoes,.cabbage
17 Starke-Brooker-Lake Butler snap and lima beans,
cucumbers, peppers, squash, strawberries
v18 .Quincy-Havana pole beans, cucumbers, squash
19 Escambia Irish potatoes


0
o~










DEFINITIONS


Number of growers: Number of individual records or estimates df crop
costs and returns included in each crop summary.

Number of acres: The total acreage planted by growers whose records or
estimates were used. When a part of the planted acreage was lost soon
after planting and replaced by another crop, the reduced acreage was
used.

Average acres per grower: The number of acres of the particular crop
divided by the number of growers.

Average yield per acre: The number of units per planted acre harvested.

Land rent: In the interests of uniformity, land rent was charged for
all acreages and crops at the prevailing rate reported by growers in the
area. This was done to avoid difficulties in the determination of a
normal valuation, interest charge for use of land and capitalization of
land values in a period of fluctuating values and prices. Taxds on farm
real estate are excluded since rent is being charged.

Seed and seedbed includes the cost of seed or plants for planting the
crop. If a seedbed was used, the figures, unless otherwise noted, in-
clude costs of labor and materials for growing plants as well as seed
costs.

Fertilizer represents the actual cost of nutrient materials applied to
produce the crop. Labor or machine costs of application are not
included.

Spray and dust included only the cost of materials unless application
labor is specified, in which case some machine costs may also be present.
If weed control chemicals or soil fumigants were used, their cost also
is included here.

Cultural labor contains the cost of man labor, whether hired or family,
to produce the crop from ground preparation until ready for harvest. It
does not include supervision by the operator, since his compensation is
to a great extent dependent upon returns from the sale of the crop.

Machine hire is the cost of machine work hired, including use of air-
planes when applicable, in producing the crop. This item includes labor
charges for the machine operator and charges for the use of equipment.

Gas, oil and grease include the cost of gas, oil and grease required to
operate tractors, trucks, sprayers, pumps and other machinery in produc-
ing the crop. It may also include electrical power expenses for irriga-
tion when utilized.







Repair and maintenance represent the cost of repairs to equipment used
in producing the crop. It also includes the small tools such as hoes,
rakes and shovels purchased and charged off as a current expenditure.

Depreciation includes the annual charge for depreciation and obsoles-
cence of equipment and labor housing. When actual depreciation charges
could not be obtained from records, they were computed by assuming a
10-year average life-use on all equipment on the basis of replacement
value as indicated by the operator.

Licenses and insurance represent the cost of licenses and insurance
items when chargeable to the farm business. Licenses include those for
trucks and autos used on the farm. Insurance includes labor and crop
insurance and fire or windstorm insurance on buildings and equipment.
It excludes health or accident insurance for the operator or his family.

Interest on production capital was charged at the rate of 9 percent on
all cash costs for the number of months required to grow and market the
crop regardless of whether or not much production capital was actually
borrowed. This percentage was used because it is a currently available
borrowing rate.

Interest on capital invested (other than land) was charged at 9 percent
of the actual or estimated annual depreciated value of the capital in-
vested in machinery and equipment. It was assumed that all equipment
was presently worth one half its replacement value.

Miscellaneous includes such items as wire, stakes, twine, plastic,
office supplies, administrative expense other than value of the opera-
tor's management, legal and audit fees, telephone and telegraph and
incidental expenses.

Harvesting and marketing expense, where possible, has been divided into
two items: (1) picking and (2) grading and packing. Picking, cutting,
or digging expense includes actual cost of harvesting the crop and pre-
paring it for movement to packinghouse or wash house. Washing or
grading and packing expense includes preparation of the product for
shipment either in the field or at an adjacent packinghouse. It in-
cludes machinery and overhead costs in addition to labor. The same is
true for all crops in all areas where grading and packing is done off
the farm in packinghouses.

Containers include the cost of hampers, crates, bags or baskets in
which the product is moved to market.

Hauling is the cost of movement of the product from field to packing-
house or loading point. It is often computed on a contract basis and
includes labor and equipment items. In cases where hauling was pre-
formed by the operator's trucks, the costs have been separated from pro-
duction labor and machine expense items as nearly as possible.

Other includes the cost of precooling the commodity prior to shipment
and, for celery and sweet corn, the contribution to the Marketing
Agreement Program. Inspection fees, when incurred, are included in
packinghouse charges and are not reported as a separate item.







Selling is the packinghouse, market, sales organization or dealer's
charge for performing the sales service for the crop when deducted from
the producer's price. The cost does not include charges for unloading,
grading, packing, etc.

Crop sales are the gross returns to the grower before deduction of
growing, harvesting and marketing costs.

Net return is the return to the producer after deduction of all expenses,
in producing, harvesting and marketing the crop.

Proration of costs between crops: For such items as seed, fertilizer,
spray and dust, airplane application and harvesting and marketing costs,
growers' records or estimates for each crop were used to make the
appropriate charges.

In the case of the cultural labor, however, no breakdown for the differ-
ent crops produced on the individual farm could be obtained from the
grower except in a very few cases when such records had been kept. The
total cultural labor for all crops produced on each farm was, in most
cases, prorated to the various crops on the basis of available data de-
veloped at the Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations with regard to
man hours required in various parts of the state to produce different
crops from land preparation to harvest. Except in a very few cases, a
similar situation also applies to such items as machine hire, tractor
fuel, oil and grease, repairs, depreciation and other production costs
where records had not been kept showing the respective charges to dif-
ferent crops. Prorations were also made to these items on the basis of
available data (D. L. Brooke, Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 660, June 1963).

In many cases individual growers did not incur every cost item. This
applies especially to airplane application, machine hire, grading and
packing, containers, hauling and precooling. Thus, these data are based
only on the overall average for all growers contacted in each area.
Footnotes have been used to set forth the number of growers and average
costs for items not incurred by all growers in the sample.

Per-unit costs and returns were computed by dividing the average yield
per acre in the sample into the various items of cost shown in the in-
dividual tables. They are merely averages of the data recorded and, in
some cases, do not reflect the full cost of performing the service be-
cause all growers may not have incurred every item of cost.

Ranges per acre showing the lowest and the highest of the sampled obser-
vations for yields, costs and returns are included for each crop and
area. This is intended to show growers and other interested parties
the extremes that may be encounted in vegetable production.


vii









Table l.--SNAP BEANS: Costs and returns in the Palm Beach-Broward area
5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75

tem :5-season:
S4average-5
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


8
9712 :
1214 :
70


7
5710
816
88


Growing costs:

Land rent. . . . . .
Seed . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . .
Cultural labor . . . .
Machine hire . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital (9% 4 months)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense. . . .


Average per
Acre Acre
32.63 : $ 37.77 :
23.75 : 31.89 :
50.39 : 76.38 :
22.41 : 32.53 :
33.11 : 51.02 :
14.08 : 12.20 :
10.16 : 18.63 :
14.42 : 17.52 :
10.95 : 14.30 :
8.63 : 13.06 :
6.50 : 8.89 :
1.64 : 2.14 :
7.25 : 5.43 :


Total growing cost. . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense. .
Containers . . . .
Hauling. . . . .
Selling. . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost .

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales. . . . .
Net return. . . . .


. : 235.92 :


66.85 :
34.42 :
8.79 :
10.32 :


. : 120.38 :

. : 356.30 :
. : 355.97 :
. . :$ -0.33 :


321.76 : $ 3.656


90.91
65.09
13.53
16.34


185.87 :

507.63 :
533.11 :
$ 25.48 :


1.033
.740
.154
.185


2.112

5.768
6.058
$ 0.290


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (bushels) . . . .... 65 : 137
Total growing cost. . . . . :$ 262.35 : $ 370.52
Total harvesting and marketing cost . ... : 132.03 : 274.06
Total crop cost . . . . .. 412.03 : .602.87
Crop sales. . . . . ... . 357.18 : 755.36
Net return. . . . ... . $- 97.70 : $ 152.49


Bushel








Table 2.--POLE BEANS: Costs and returns in the Dade County area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75

Item :5-season: 197475
Item 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers. . .
Number of acres. . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (bushels)


7
2268:
324:
276:


7
2324
332
324


Growing costs:


Land Rent . . . . .
Seed . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . .
Spray and dust. . . . .
Cultural labor .. . .
Machine hire. . ...............
Gas, oil and grease . . .
Repair and maintenance. . .........
Depreciation . . . .
Licenses and insurance. . . .
Interest on production capital (9% 4 months)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . .

Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing expense .
Containers. . . .
Hauling . . .
Selling . . .


Total harvesting and marketing cost.

Total crop cost. . . .
Crop sales . . . .
Net return . . . .


Acre
:$ 37.57
:25.24
:73.87
:57.39
: 195.31
:11.84
:23.34
:36.37
:22.37
:25.30
:16.85
3.36
75.36


Average per
Acre Bushel
:$ 40.49 :
68.99
126.36 :
64.57
279.42 :
15.87 :
27.24 :
35.52
25.45
38.48
23.37
3.82 :
82.11 :


: 604.17 : 831.69 : $ 2.567


220.11
142.82
35.42
50.14


266.13
235.72
48.09
66.43


: 448.49 : 616.37 :


:1052.66
:1292.70
:$240.04


: 1448.06
: 1687.83
:$ 239.77


.821
.728
.148
.205


1.902

4.469
5.209
$ 0.740


1974-75 range per acre
From To


Yield ( bushels) . . .
Total growing cost . . .
Total harvesting and marketing cost .
Total crop cost . .
Crop sales . . ...
Net returns. . * .


... : 300
$ 767.76
582.00
S. 1349.76
1566.00
: $ 142.71


342
$ 913.70
649.59
1537.10
1816.48
$ 383.67


. . .


. .







Table 3.--CABBAGE: Costs and returns in the Central Florida area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75


Item :5-season: 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (50 Ibs.).


Growing costs:

Land rent . . . . .


Seed . . .
Fertilizer . .
Spray and dust .
Cultural labor ..
Machine hire . .
Gas, oil and grease. .
Repair and maintenance
Depreciation . .
Licenses and insurance
Interest on production
Interest on capital inv
Miscellaneous expense


capital (9% 4 months) .
.sted (other than land)
. . . .
. . . .





capital (9% 4 months)
ested (other than land)
. . . .


: 6
: 1758
: 293
497


Acre
:$ 30.01
45.21
64.03
69.22
:149.45
3.70
10.93
49.07
35.51
25.14
13.97
5.33
18.89


3
1265
422
565


Average per
Acre
$ 27.79
36.00
130.60
100.07
182.70

19.20
70.38
63.13
38.92
18.94
9.47
25.50


Total growing cost. . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense. .
Containers . . . .
Hauling . . . .
Selling. . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing costs. .

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales. . . . .
Net return. . . . .


. : 520.46 :


208.78
265.77
33.55
85.18


. : 593.28 :

. :1113.74 :
. :1102.00 :
. :$-11.74 :


722.70 : $ 1.279


236.40
377.50
36.73
98.17


748.80 :

1471.50 :
1500.54 :
$ 29.04 :


.418
.668
.065
.174


1.325

2.604
2.656
$ 0.052


1974-74 range per acre
From To

Yield (50 lbs.) . . . . : 550 581
Total growing cost. . . . . : $ 519.82 $ 943.57
Total harvesting and marketing cost . . : 625.99 882.53
Total crop cost .. .. . . : 1257.56 1587.26
Crop sales . . . . .. : 1467.24 1563.42
Net return . . . . : $- 98.61 $ 209.55


50. bs.








Table 4.--CABBAGE: Costs and returns in the Hastings area 5-season average
1970-74 and 1974-75

:5-season: 1974-75
Item 1974-75
: average :
Number of growers . . . 14 : 12
Number of acres. . . . ... 1694 : 1547
Average acres per grower . . 121 : 129
Average yield per acre (50 bs.) . 429 : 607
Average per
Growing costs: Acre Acre 50 lbs.
Land rent . . . . :$ 34.18 : $ 34.47 :
Seed . . . .. : 54.85 : 74.96 :
Fertilizer. . . . .. : 72.87 : 107.64 :
Spray and dust . . .. : 31.24 : 58.78 :
Cultural labor. . . . :96.21 : 126.85 :
Machine hire. .... . . : 1.93 : 3.99a:
Gas, oil and grease .. . .. 13.59 : 25.41:
Repair and maintenance. ... .... 24.12 : 32.06
Depreciation. ............ .. 19.93 : 29.68
Licenses and insurance .. ... 12.36 : 19.82
Interest on production capital (9% 4 months) ; 10.44 : 14.71
Interest on capital invested (other than land) ; 2.99 : 4.45
Miscellaneous expense . 6.52 : 6.36
Total growing cost . . . 381.23 ; 539.18 :$ 0.888
Harvesting and marketing costs:
Picking and packing expense . .. 127.13 : 215.57 : .355
Containers. .... ... .. ......... : 204.96 : 441.59 .728
Hauling . .. . . .16 : --
Selling . .... . . . : 75.34 : 121.48 .200
Total harvesting and marketing cost. .... 407.59 : 778.64 1.283
Total crop cost. . . . 788.82 : 1317.82 : 2.171
Crop sales . . . . 935.22 : 1649.66 2.718
Net return . . . ;$146.40 : $331.84 $ 0.547

1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (50 lbs.). . . . : 414 757
Total growing cost . . . . : $ 353.14 $799.54
Total harvesting and marketing cost . .... : 535.63 1004.74
Total crop cost. .......... 7 : 935.63 1804.28
Crop sales . ... . : 1179.90 2180.98
Net return . ................. : $ 178.66 $ 574.76


aReported by 5 growers averaging $5.33 per acre.






5


Table 5.--CELERY: Costs and returns in the Central Florida area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75

:5-season:
Item : ea : 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (crates)


4
1620
405
508


3
1477
492
589


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . .
Seed ... . . . . ..
Fertilizer . . . ....
Spray and dust . . . .
Cultural labor . . . .
Machine hire . . . ....
Gas, oil and grease. . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital (9% 5 months)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . .

Total growing cost. . . . .


Acre
:$ 39.06
:77.60
: 107.65
: 118.63
: 215.33
8.53
:14.59
:57.06
:16.37
:19.79
:25.48
2.46
21.19


Average per
acre
$ 36.12 :
96.87 :
144.02 :
:150.07 :
:268.69 :
9.07a:
S24.23 :
S61.53 :
24.94 :
15.39 :
S32.43 :
3.74 :
S58.75 :


: 723.74 : 925.85 : $ 1.572


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing expense. .
Containers . . . .
Hauling. . .... *
Other. . . .
Selling. . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . ...
Crop sales, . . ....
Net return, .. . .. .


465.89
300.11
46.43
178.70
89.68


526.83
439.32
54.30
234.66
105.64


... :1080.81 : 1360.75 :


:1804.55
:1791.97
:$-12.58


2286.60
2422.26
$135.66


1974-75 range per acre


Yield (crates) . . .
Total growing cost. . .
Total harvesting and marketing cost
Total crop cost . . ..
Crop sales. . .......
Net return. ....... ..


From
488
. : $832.58
.. : 1014.32
.. : 2020.22
.. : 2023.81
. : $ -5.41


aReported by two growers averaging


Crate


.895
.746
.092
.398
.179


2.310

3.882
4.112
$ 0.230


To
739
$1014.90
1814.87
2744.96
3126.27
$ 381.31


----


$13.61 per acre.










Table 6.--CELERY: Costs and returns in the Everglades area 5-season average
1970-74 and 1974-75

:5-season:
Item :5-season: 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (crates)


9
9495
1055
577


10
8354
835
584


Growing costs:

Land rent . . .
Seed . . . .
Fertilizer . . .
Spray and dust . . .
Cultural labor . . .
Machine hire . . .
Gas, oil and grease . .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation . . .
Licenses and insurance . .
Interest on production capital (9%
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense .


Acre
. . :$ 39.84
. . : 69.86
. . : 96.55
. .. : 142.19
. . : 237.19
. . : 15.29
. . : 21.41
. . : 59.20
. : 26.38
. : 25.81
- 5 months) : 27.63
than land) : 3.96
. . : 29.41


Average per
Acre
: $ 52.52 :
108.11:
187.75 :
308.05 :
289.99
12.11a:
34.73 :
77.98 :
36.54 :
33.31 :
43.22
5.48 :
S47.97


Total growing cost . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing expense .
Containers . . *
Hauling . . ... *
Other.. . .........
Selling. . . ......

Total harvesting and marketing cost .

Total crop cost . . ..
Crop sales . .. ..... *
Net return .. * *


. : 794.72 : 1237.76 : $ 2.120


502.34
329.49
62.85
181.50
85.34


583.19
467.12
73.58
238.14
86.43


. .. :1161.52 : 1448.46 :


:1956.24
:2137.75
:$181.51


: 2686.22
: 2128.06
:$-558.16


.998
.800
.126
.408
.148


2.480

4.600
3.644
$-0.956


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (crates). . .............. 430 : 737
Total growing cost. . . . :$ 946.56 : $1693.01
Total harvesting and marketing cost .. . .. : 1091.73 : 1877.93
Total crop cost. . . . . : *2056.10 : 3352.29
Crop sales. . ............... : 1472.81 : 2750.85
Net return. . . . . .... .$-1194.40 : $ 48.07


aReported by five growers averaging $24.22 per acre.


Crate










Table 7.--SWEET CORN: Costs and returns in the Central Florida area 5-
season average 1970-74 and 1974-75


Item


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (crates)


:5-season:
average
S 4
3028
S 757
S 251


Growing costs:
Acre
Land rent. . . . . :$ 31.40
Seed . . . . ... .. : 10.05
Fertilizer . . .. .... : 37.50
Spray and dust . . . .... : 54.42
Cultural labor .... . . ... : 37.42
Machine hire . . .... .. .. : 11.34
Gas, oil and grease . . .. : 7.32
Repair and maintenance . . ... : 40.68
Depreciation . . . .... .. : 14.60
Licenses and insurance . . . : 15.29
Interest on production capital (9% 4 months) : 7.64
Interest on capital invested (other than land) : 2.19
Miscellaneous expense . .... .. : 9.30


Total growing cost. . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense .
Containers . . .
Hauling . . .
Other. . . . .
Selling. . . .


Total harvesting and marketing cost .

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales . .. .. ..
Net return. . . . .


Average per
Acre
$ 30.53 :
14.13 :
64.77
S 98.33 :
S 66.87 :
S 10.35a:
13.40 :
47.62 :
S 16.08 :
20.20 :
S 11.60 :
S 2.41 :
20.63


. .. : 279.15 : 416.92 : $ 1.418


131.55
113.62
18.34
76.84
42.10


168.91
186.98
24.57
92.72
41.04


. .. : 382.45 : 514.22 :


: 661.60
: 687.60
:$ 26.00


931.14
1248.42
$317.28


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (crates) . . . . 228 : 361
Total growing cost . . . . : $253.31 : $ 517.05
Total harvesting and marketing cost . . .. 334.01 : 660.12
Total crop cost . . . . . 728.69 : 1103.35
Crop sales . . . . . : 974.11 : 1535.50
Net return . . . . . $229.50 : $ 494.02


aReported by two growers averaging


1974-75


4
3552
888
294


Crate


.574
.636
.084
.315
.140


1.749

3.167
4.246
$ 1.079


I


$20.70 per acre.






8



Table 8.--SWEET CORN: Costs and returns in the Everglades area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75


Item :5-season: 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (crates)


16 :
:21728 :
1358 :
180 :


11
14636
1331
226


Growing costs:


Land rent. . . .
Seed . . . .
Fertilizer . . .
Spray and dust . . .
Cultural labor . . .
Machine hire . . .
Gas, oil and grease . .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation . . .
Licenses and insurance . .
Interest on production capital (


9


Interest on capital invested (oth
Miscellaneous expense . .


. . :$
. . :


. . :
:





% 4 months) :
er than land) :


Total growing cost. . . . :


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense. .
Containers . . . .
Hauling. . . . .
Other . . . .
Selling . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales . .. ... ... .
Net return. . . . .


Average per
Acre Acre Crate
32.01: $ 28.43 :
6.72: 12.79 :
24.82: 29.39
57.45: 95.49
34.18: 41.77
16.54: 15.67a:
7.01: 10.58
15.64: 28.28
12.51: 14.90
6.46: 10.36
6.20: 8.53
1.88: 2.24
5.95: 11.69

227.37: 310.12 : $ 1.372


97.10:
88.47:
19.04:
54.46:
27.12:


142.33
158.42
27.40
83.64
33.36


286.19: 445.15 :


513.56:
520.46:
6.90:


755.27
851.49
$ 96.22


.630
.701
.121
.370
.148


1.970

3.342
3.768
$ 0.426


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (crates) . . . . . 168 308
Total growing cost . . . . .. : $147.41 : $430.79
Total harvesting and marketing cost . ... : 332.15 : 636.81
Total crop cost . . .. .. . : 590.05 : 1062.61
Crop sales. . . . . . : 651.55 : 1036.34
Net return . . . . . .. : $-44.48 : $397.65



aReported by nine growers averaging $19.15 per acre.


9









Table 9.--SWEET CORN: Costs and returns in.the Lower East Coast area
5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75


Item :5-season: 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (crates)


Growing costs:


Land rent. . . . . .
Seed . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . .
Cultural labor . . . .
Machine hire . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital (9% 4 months)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . .

Total growing cost. . . . .


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense. .
Containers . . . .
Hauling. . . . .
Other. . . . .
Selling. . . . .


4
4880
1220
155


Acre
38.77
10.20
75.15
49.00
47.95
23.90
11.20
23.61
18.17
14.47
9.09
2.73
8.80


: 333.04 :


76.56
73.73
20.46
43.49
21.72


Total harvesting and marketing cost . : 235.96 :


Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales. . . . .
Net return. . .. .. .


569.00 :
546.84 :
$-22.16:


4
5800
1450
179


Average per
Acre
:$ 35.52 :
17.92 :
: 113.43 :
69.46 :
41.10 :
11.20a:
17.40 :
25.00 :
8.50 :
8.74 :
10.36 :
1.28 :
5.34 :


365.25 : $ 2.040


102.45
117.00 :
27.11 :
63.90
24.80

335.26 :

700.51 :
707.16
$ 6.65 :


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (crates). . . . . . 141 : 238
Total growing cost. . . . . .. :$ 316.79 : $ 390.53
Total harvesting and marketing cost . .. 288.33 : 436.20
Total crop cost . .... .. . . : 605.12 : 803.33
Crop sales. . ... .. . . : 577.78 : 825.30
Net return . . . . :$-110.05 :$ 119.54


aReported by three growers averaging $14.93 per acre.


Crate


.572
.654
.151
.357
.139

1.873

3.913
3.950
$ 0.037










Table 10.--CUCUMBERS: Costs and returns in the Immokalee-Lee area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75

:5-season: 1974
Ite average : 1974-75
:average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


10 :
1490 :
149 :
200 :


10
1304
130
305


Growing costs:
Acre
Land rent. . ... .. . .. :$ 19.17
Seed . .... . . ... : 11.26
Fertilizer . .... .. . . .. : 107.77
Spray and dust ... .. ... . .. : 53.09
Cultural labor ...... .. . : 126.60
Machine hire . .... .. . ..... : 34.17
Gas, oil and grease. .... .. . .. : 23.73
Repair and maintenance . . . : 43.27
Depreciation . . . . : 28.82
Licenses and insurance . . . : 11.24
Interest on production capital (9% 4 months) : 13.71
Interest on capital invested (other than land) : 4.32
Miscellaneous expense ...... .. .. : 26.61


Average per
Acre
S$ 29.76 :
S 16.69 :
S176.10 :
S 95.57
S166.83 :
S 28.62 :
S 54.72 :
S 51.32 :
S 43.77
S 27.86 :
S 24.94 :
S 6.57
S 17.72 :


Total growing cost . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense. . .....
Grading and packing expense. .
Containers . . . .
Hauling. . . . .
Selling. . .........

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales. . ........
Net return. . .........


. : 503.76 : 740.47 : $ 2.428


175.78
126.32
123.61
43.26
35.40


265.01
273.75
202.96
51.89
52.69


.869
.898
.665
.170
.173


. : 504.37 : 846.30 : 2.775


:1008.13
: 945.45
:$-62.68


1586.77
1707.87
$121.10


5.203
5.600
$ 0.397


1974-75 range per acre
From To


Yield (bushels) . . .
Total growing cost. . ....
Total harvesting and marketing cost .
Total crop cost . * .
Crop sales. . ......... *
Net return. . .........


Bushel


141
:$ 612.75
: 370.12
: 998.85
.. : 705.00
. :$-302.75


450
$ 849.11
1192.50
1903.36
3150.00
$1265.19






11



Table 11.--CUCUMBERS: Costs and returns in the Palm Beach-Broward area
season 1974-75


Item


Number of growers. . .
Number of acres. . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (bushels)


1974-75


480
69
238


Growing costs: A

Land rent . . ...... .. :
Seed. . . . . .
Fertilizer. .. . . . :
Spray and dust ..... . . :
Cultural labor. . . . .
Machine hire. . . ...... :
Gas, oil and grease ... . .. .. :
Repair and maintenance. . . .. :
Depreciation. . . . ...... :
Licenses and insurance. . . :
Interest on production capital (9% 4 months):
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense ... . :

Total growing cost .... . . .. :


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking or cutting expense. .
Grading and packing expense .
Containers. . . .
Hauling . . . .
Selling ... . ...

Total harvesting and marketing cost.

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales . ..... .
Net return . .... .


average per
Acre Bushel~
$ 59.33
11.52
84.49
77.05
128.31
32.56
26.10
40.63
32.95
27.72
15.32
4.94
23.14

564.06 : $ 2.370


276.21
167.84
170.29
39.23
42.24


. . : 695.81 :


1259.87
1372.04
112.17


1.161
.705
.716
.165
.177

2.924

5.294
5.765
0.471


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (bushels) . . . .. : 91 : 365
Total growing cost ... .. . . :$ 405.30 : $ 831.76
Total harvesting and marketing cost. . : 250.33 :1197.02
Total crop cost. .... .. . .. : 850.32 :1696.35
Crop sales . . . . : 546.00 2193.83
Net return . .. . . :$-384.44 : $ 943.41


s











Table 12.--EGGPLANT: Costs and returns in the Palm Beach-Broward area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75


Item :5-season: 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


5 :
270 :
54 :
629


6
306
51
794


Growing cost:

Land rent. . . . .


Seed . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . .
Spray and dust . .. . .
Cultural labor . . .
Machine hire . . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . . .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation . . .
Licenses and insurance .. ..
Interest on production capital (9% 5


. .
. .
. .
* .
. .
* .*
. .
. .
mont


Interest on capital invested (other than la
Miscellaneous expense. . . .


Acre
:$ 49.13
: 12.46
: 209.80
: 110.22
S.: 250.54
S: 32.13
S. : 35.38
S.: 53.27
S.: 47.02
31.04
hs) : 30.25
nd) : 7.05
. : 22.70


Average per
Acre
$ 52.23 :
27.18 :
323.42 :
182.93 :
389.44
59.19
67.18
93.80 :
77.36
65.32 :
50.29
11.60 :
80.46 :


Total growing cost. . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


: 890.99 : 1480.40 : $ 1.864


Picking and packing expense. .
Containers . . . .
Hauling. . . . .
Selling. . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales . .. .
Net return . ... .. .


319.39
362.76
70.29
91.93


540.32
467.92
122.52
141.64


. : 844.37 : 1272.40 :


:1735.36
:1755.11
:$ 19.75


2752.80
3029.91
$277.11


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (bushels) . . . .... 500 1374
Total growing cost. . . . . ... :$ 973.70 : $2187.86
Total harvesting and marketing cost . ... : 855.44 : 1968.52
Total crop cost . . . . .: 1829.14 : 4156.38
Crop sales. . . . .... .. . : 1375.00 : 5668.92
Net return. . . . .... . :$-872.67 : $1512.54


Bushel


.681
.589
.154
.179


1.603

3.467
3.816
$ 0.349






13


Table 13.--LEAF CROPS: Costs and returns in the Central Florida area
5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75

:5-season:
Item :5-season: 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (crates)


9
1350
150
356


5
803
161
690


Growing costs:
Acre
Land rent. . .... .. . :$ 24.28
Seed . . .... . . : 8.08
Fertilizer .... .. . . ; 42.80
Spray and dust ... .. . . : 35.82
Cultural labor . . . : 132.02
Machine hire ..... .. . ........ : 3.27
Gas, oil and grease. . ... . : 7.91
Repair and maintenance ...... . : 50.85
Depreciation . .... .. . .. : 32.32
Licenses and insurance . . : 23.73
Interest on production capital (9% 4 months) : 10.48
Interest on capital invested (other than land) 4 4.85
Miscellaneous expense . . : 20.58


Average per
Acre Crate
:$ 31.43
52.59
65.77
71.77 :
187.61:

16.64
72.61
34.73
42.89
17.50
5.21 :
41.96 :


Total growing cost . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense. .
Containers . . ......
Hauling. . ....... *...
Other. . ...... ...
Selling. . *.........

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . ..
Crop sales. . ........ .
Net return . *


. : 396.99 :


110.14
119.19
33.14
91.30
46.76


. : 400.53 :


: 797.52
: 933.98
:$136.46


640.71.: $ 0.929


210.03
427.02
44.63
166.77
91.97


940.42 :

1581.13 :
2143.00 :
$561.87 :


.304
.619
.065
.242
.133


1.363

2.292
3.106
$ 0.814


1974-75 range per acre
From To


Yield (crates). . .
Total growing cost. . .
Total harvesting and marketing cost
Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales. . ... .. *
Net return... ...... *


S. .: 405
$531.66
.. 688.10 :
S. : 1381.11 :
: 1296.33 :
.. : $-84.78 :


908
$ 751.14
1562.97
2094.63
2749.95
$1165.31










Table 14.--LEAF CROPS: Costs and returns in the Everglades area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75


Item 5-season: 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (crates)


: 9
: 5562
: 618
: 360


8
3884
486
396


Growing costs:
Acre
Land rent . . . . :$ 35.10
Seed . . . . : 6.83
Fertilizer . . . . : 31.74
Spray and dust . . . : 31.03
Cultural labor . . . ... ; 99.92
Machine hire . . . .. : 8.43
Gas, oil and grease. . . .. ; 9.18
Repair and maintenance . . .. : 27.01
Depreciation . . . . : 18.20
Licenses and insurance . . : 10.13
Interest on production capital (9% 4 months) : 8.14
Interest on capital invested (other than land) : 2.73
Miscellaneous expense. . . ... : 11.84


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing cost:


Average per
Acre
36.27
9.73
51.97
56.49
:123.32
12.85
14.02
42.25
24.56
10.14
11.24
3.69
17.62


: 300.28 : 414.15 : $ 1.046


Picking and packing expense .
Containers . . .
Hauling . . . .
Other . . . .
Selling . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales . . .
Net return . . . .


145.91
170.90
36.80
90.44
55.25


. : 499.30 :


799.58
810.90
11.32


167.36
260.46
51.01
136.49
59.83


.422
.658
.129
.345
.151


675.15 : 1.705


1089.30
1061.20
$-28.10


: 2.751
2.680
: $-0.071


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (crates). . . . 214 : 807
Total growing cost. . . . . ... : $294.73 : $ 713.70
Total harvesting and marketing cost . . .. : 372.67 :1406.84
Total crop cost . . . . : 723.63 : 2120.54
Crop sales. . . . . . : 554.46 : 2344.95
Net return. . . . . . .. :$-169.17 : $ 224.41


Crate










Table 15.--PEPPERS: Costs and returns in the Immokalee-Lee area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75

:5-season:
Item :5-season: 1974-75
:average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres. . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (bushels)


12
2352
196
426


11
1971
179
684


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . .
Seed . . . . ..
Fertilizer. . . . . .
Spray and dust. . . ....
Cultural labor. . . . .
Machine hire. . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . .
Repair and maintenance . .,
Depreciation. . . .... .. *
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital (9% 5 months)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . ...


Total growing cost . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Acre
:$ 22.19
50.54
:179.83
:138.60
:281.55
64.86
44.96
94.80
47.39
27.54
36.06
7.11
56.65


Average per
Acre
:$ 24.68 :
81.62 :
: 276.06 :
235.63
393.53
27.37
94.44
101.28
64.18
46.17
50.46
9.63
64.91


. .. :1052.08 : 1469.96 : $ 2.149


Picking expense . .
Grading and packing expense .
Containers. . . .
Hauling . . .
Selling . . .


Total harvesting and marketing cost. .

Total crop cost. . . .
Crop sales . . . .
Net return . . . .


. : 842.54 : 1480.13 :


:1894.62
:2007.28
:$112.66


2950.09
3534.78
$584.69


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (bushels). . . . . .. 400 : 1000
Total growing cost . . . . .. :$ 958.20 : $1966.85
Total harvesting and marketing cost. . ... : 944.00 : 2400.00
Total crop cost. .... . . ..... : 1902.20 : 3699.28
Crop sales . . . . . : 1800.00 : 5000.00
Net return . . . . :$-106.52 : $1351.71


Bushel


231.64
247.03
212.68
72.92
78.27


369.36
558.67
322.57
113.62
115.91


.540
.817
.472
.166
.169


2.164

4.313
5.168
$ 0.855






16


Table 16.--PEPPERS: Costs and returns in the Palm Beach-Broward area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75

.:5-season:
Item :sea 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


8
1120
140
433


12
1211
101
709


Growing costs:
Acre
Land rent. . . . . :$ 49.64
Seed . . . . ... : 39.18
Fertilizer . . . . : 166.35
Spray and dust . . . . : 117.55
Cultural labor . . . . : 363.00
Machine hire . . . . : 55.47
Gas, oil and grease. . . ... ... : 43.30
Repair and maintenance . . . : 65.53
Depreciation ... . . .. : 53.42
Licenses and insurance . . . : 49.82
Interest on production capital (9% 5 months) : 37.90
Interest on capital invested (other than land) : 8.01
Miscellaneous expense . . . : 60.89


Average per
Acre
$ 57.40 :
81.52 :
291.33 :
196.96 :
529.31 :
77.93
76.00 :
93.08 :
65.63
79.49 :
61.81 :
9.84 :
158.54 :


Total growing cost . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense .
Containers . . . .
Hauling . . . .
Selling . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales . . .
Net return . . .


. . :1110.06 : 1778.84


: 265.18
: 195.45
: 54.98
: 74.76


478.47
349.95
107.51
129.30


. : 590.37 : 1065.23 :


:1700.43
:1985.79
:$285.36


: 2844.07
: 3852.99
:$1008.92


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (bushels) . . . . . 305 1104
Total growing cost. . . . ... :$1179.21 : $2856.23
Total harvesting and marketing cost . . .. : 432.25 : 1486.25
Total crop cost ..... ... ... . : 1611.46 : 4330.27
Crop sales. . .... .. . . . : 1463.51 : 6676.80
Net return. ... .. . . . . :$-1575.67 : $2646.92


Bushel


: $ 2.509


.675
.493
.152
.182


1.502

4.011
5.434
$ 1.423






17


Table 17.--IRISH POTATOES: Costs and returns in the Dade County area
5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75


Item :5-season: 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (cwt.)


8 :
5272 :
659 :
171:


8
5128
641
206


Growing costs:

Land rent . . . . .
Seed . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . .
Cultural labor ... . . .
Machine hire . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital (9% 4 months)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . .


Acre
:$ 55.75
:147.54 :
64.70 :
71.77 :
69.63 :
.89 :
10.28 :
23.81 :
21.41:
20.17 :
14.27 :
3.21
11.08


average per
Acre
$ 63.06 :
209.01 :
103.03 :
85.23 :
91.62 :
1.99a;
16.45 :
31.41 :
26.13 :
32.04 :
19.46 :
3.92 :
14.94 :


Total growing cost. . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Digging expense . . .
Grading and packing expense .. .
Containers . . .
Hauling. . . ....
Selling. . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . ..
Crop sales. . . . .
Net return . . .


. : 514.51 : 698.29 : $ 3.390


: 30.54 :
:114.62 :
29.78 :
27.03
36.53 :

:238.50 :


38.51
166.02
59.82
33.20
51.62


.187
.806
.290
.161
.251


349.17: 1.695


: 753.01 : 1047.46 : 5.085
:1082.86 : 907.28 : 4.404
:$329.85 :$-140.18 : $-0.681


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (cwt.). . . . . .. 188 230
Total growing cost. . . . .. .. :$ 622.21 : $ 764.89
Total harvesting and marketing cost . ... : 275.79 : 420.92
Total crop cost . .... .. . . : 932.79 : 1185.81
Crop sales. . ... .. . . . : 761.63 : 1025.14
Net return. .... . . . :$-298.25 : $ 29.86


aReported by four growers averaging $3.98 per acre.


Cwt.









Table 18.--IRISH POTATOES: Costs and returns in the Hastings area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75

:5-season:
Item :5-season: 1974-75
Average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (cwt.)


23 :
5129 :
223 :
150 :


16
4040
252
190


Growing costs:


Land rent. . . . .
Seed . . . .
Fertilizer . . . .
Spray and dust . . .
Cultural labor . . .
Machine hire.. . .. .
Gas, oil and grease. . .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation . . .
Licenses and insurance . .
Interest on production capital (9% -
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . .

Total growing cost. . . .

Harvesting and marketing cost:

Digging expense. . . .
Grading and packing expense. .
Containers . . .....
Hauling . . .
Selling . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales. . . ...
Net return. . . .


. . :$










4 months) :
than land) :


Acre
35.16
97.61
74.99
27.59
47.60
4.25
13.43
28.10
22.47
11.84
10.44
3.37
7.49


Average per
Acre
: $ 39.56 :
S139.25 :
S127.72 :
S59.87 :
64.46
5.81a:
23.75 :
47.79 :
33.56 :
S19.35 :
16.10 :
S 5.03
9.12 :


. : 384.34 : 591.37 : $ 3.113


29.01
43.44
14.73
23.15
35.66


. : 145.99 :

. : 530.33 :
. : 649.33 :
.. : 119.00 :


37.43
60.18
6.36b:
28.62
45.67

178.26 :

769.63
834.10
64.47


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (cwt.). . . . . .. 100 : 286
Total growing cost. . . ........... : $468.54 : $726.67
Total harvesting and marketing cost ..... .. : 94.00 :247.45
Total crop cost ..... .. . . . : 602.87 930.95
Crop sales . . . . ...... : 432.96 : 1119.09
Net return . . . . . :$-209.52 $245.75


aReported by 10 growers averaging $9.30 per acre.
bReported by five growers averaging $20.35 per acre.


Cwt.


.197
.317
.033
.151
.240

.938

4.051
4.390
0.339










Table 19.--PRADISHES: Costs and returns in the Everglades area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75

:5-season:
Item 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (30-6oz.


packages)


4
9044 :
2261 :
234 :


3
9498
3166
261


Growing costs:

Land rent. .. . . . .
Seed .. . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . .
Cultural labor ... . . .
Machine hire . . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital (9% 2 months)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . ,


Acre
:$ 8.12
7.27
6.99
: 10.00
: 13.25
4.17
3.61
9.84
6.71
4.78
1.07
1.01
3.17


Average per 30-6oz.
Acre pkgs.
: $ 6.02 :
11.59 :
9.02 :
12.19 :
23.78 :
2.18 :
5.11:
10.63 :
7.00 :
; 3.95 :
1.31 :
1.05 :
3.05 :


Total growing cost. ..... ,

Harvesting and marketing cost:

Harvesting expense . . .
Grading and packing expense. .
Containers . . ....
Hauling. . . . .
Selling. . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales. . . .. .
Net return. . . .


79.99 :


23.21
83.14
48.45
9.00
20.77


. . : 184.57 :


264.56
314.70
50.14


96.88 : $ 0.371


14.78
90.12
72.91
9.01
39.47


226.29 :

323.17 :
393.97 :
70.80 :


.057
.345
.279
.035
.151


.867

1.238
1.509
0.271


Yield (30-6 oz. packages) . .
Total growing cost. . .
Total harvesting and marketing cost
Total crop cost . .. .
Crop sales. . .....
Net return. ..........


1974-75 range per acre


From
. . : 177
. . $ 55.73
. 199.35
. 262.09
. 267.32
. ... . $- 1.92


To
324
$165.02
273.16
438.18
474.67
$212.58


. !









Table 20.--SQUASH: Costs and returns in the Dade County area 5-season average
1970-74 and 1974-75


tem:5-season: 1974-75
:average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (bushels)

Growing costs:

Land rent. . . .
Seed . . . .
Fertilizer . . .
Spray and dust . . .
Cultural labor . . .
Machine hire . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation . . .
Licenses and insurance .. ..
Interest on production capital (9
Interest on capital invested (oth
Miscellaneous. . .


6
1122 :
187 :
137 :


6
1450
242
162


Average per
Acre Acre
. . :$ 31.36 : $ 37.80 :


%- 4 months)
er than land) :
. :
. 4 .onths) :
er. tha .land :


7.95
55.34
48.67
42.21
10.22
18.97
27.30
18.29
19.25
8.07
2.74
7.65


21.75
89.67
78.50
67.61
14.38
28.19
36.40
29.69
34.26
12.70
4.45
14.74


Total growing cost. . . . .

Harvesting and marketing cost:

Picking and packing expense. . .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . ..
Selling . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing cost .


Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales. . . . .
Net return. . . . .


q


: 298.02 :


169.17
91.83
17.63
28.01


. : 306.64 :


604.66
735.38
130.72


470.14 : $ 2.902


222.25
114.96 .
24.38
32.50

394.09

864.23
925.66
61.43


1.372
.710
.150
.201

2.433

5.335
5.714
0.379


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (bushels) . ..... . . 145 : 200
Total growing cost. ... .. . . . :$ 367.72 : $574.26
Total harvesting and marketing cost . ... : 338.17 : 466.00
Total crop cost . .... . . ... : 805.16 : 961.26
Crop sales . . . . . : 840.00 : 1100.00
Net return . . . .......... :$-121.26 : $266.28


Bushel






21



Table 21.--SQUASH: Costs and returns in the Immokalee-Lee area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75

:5-season:
Item; average : 1974-75
;average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


4
848
212
154


6
1160
193
218


Growing costs:


Land rent. . .
Seed . . .
Fertilizer . .
Spray and dust .
Cultural labor .
Machine hire . .
Gas, oil and grease.
Repair and maintenance
Deprecation . .
Licenses and insurance
Interest on production


. 9 0 9


* 9 .

c t. 9





capital (9%


* .
9 9



4 r


* .
. .
4moO


Interest on capital invested (other than
Miscellaneous expense .


Acre
:$ 19.92
. : 13.26
. : 77.22
32.31
. : 58.01
S: 10.18
. : 18.93
27.05
S. :23.63
11.60
nths) : 8.36
land) : 3.54
9 : 10.20


Average per
Acre Bushel
:$ 28.82 :
20.83 :
159.92 :
78.38 :
93.71 :
16.08 :
35.65
26.97 :
25.72 :
19.15 :
14.72 :
3.86 :
11.14 :


Total growing cost. ..... ,. ,

Harvesting and marketing costs;

Picking expense . . .
Grading and packing expense,. ,
Containers . *
Hauling . ..........
Selling. ... .... .

Total harvesting and marketing cost .

Total crop cost . .
Crop sales . . ........
Net return. . * .


, ; 314.21 : 534.95 : $ 2.454


74.76
88.44
93.16
39.36
30.37


165.07
172.16
139.09
40.23
42.56


: 326.09 : 559.11 :


640.30
692.48
52.18


1094.06
1240.26
146.20


.757
.790
.638
.185
.195


2.565

5.019
5.689
0.670


Yield (bushels) . . .
Total growing cost. . .
Total harvesting and marketing cost
Total crop cost . .
Crop sales. ... .* T
Net return. . .. *


1974-75 range per acre


From

. : 100
* :$ 362.38
. : 360.00
. : 862.38
. : 700.00
S. :$-222.68


To
300
:$ 617.03
662.50
:1279.53
:1593.00
:$ 417.84






22



Table 22.--SQUASH: Costs and returns in the Palm Beach-Broward area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75


Item :5-season 1974-75
:average :

Number of growers . .. .. . 5 : 6
Number of acres .. . . ... ... .: 185 : 300
Average acres per grower. . ... : 37 : 50
Average yield per acre (bushels). .... : 120 : 123


Growing costs:


Land rent. . . . .
Seed . . . .
Fertilizer . . . .
Spray and dust . . .
Cultural labor . . .
Machine hire . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation . . .
Licenses and insurance . .
Interest on production capital (9% -


. *
. .

* .
. .





4 months)


Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . .


Total growing cost. . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense .
Containers. . . .
Hauling . . . .
Selling . . . .


Acre
:$ 36.57
8.87
57.74
:,39.67
67.99
S22.69
16.63
21.30
17.32
17.07
9.14
2.60
16.30


: 333.89 :


. : 134.84
. : 88.64
. : 19.46
. : 24.73


Average per
Acre
$ 42.25 :
15.54 :
: 80.80 :
59.75 :
71.89 :
38.54 :
: 42.91 :
48.67 :
40.72
29.12 :
: 13.55 :
6.11 :
22.10 :


511.95 : $ 4.162


152.56
76,81
19.16
21.39


Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales . . . .
Net return . . . .


.. : 267.67

. : 601.56 :
. : 683.78 :


269.92 : 2.195

781.87 : 6.357
655.46 : 5.329


:$ 82.22 :$-126.41 : $-1.028


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (bushels) . . . . : 76 : 200
Total growing cost . . . .. : $365.44 : $852.69
Total harvesting and marketing cost. . ... : 173.04 : 395.53
Total crop cost. . . . . .. : 607.16 : 1248.22
Crop sales . .......... . . 389.12 1061.83
Net return . . . . . :$-274.38 $ -6.69


Bushel


1.240
.625
.156
.174









Table 23.--TOMATOES: Costs and returns in the Dade County area 5-season
average 1970-74 and 1974-75

:5-season: 1974-75
Itemaverage :
:average:


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (30 lb.)


7 :
7112 :
1016 :
378 :


5
2820
564
822


Growing costs:

Land rent. . .
Seed . . .
Fertilizer . .
Spray and dust . .
Cultural labor .
Machine hire . .
Gas, oil and grease. .
Repair and maintenance .
Depreciation . .
Licenses and insurance .
Interest on production c
Interest on capital inve
Miscellaneous expense


Acre
. . :$ 36.82
. . : 12.26
. . : 158.52
. . : 143.84
. . : 138.69
. . : 21.94
. . : 24.06
. . : 46.36
. . : 35.57
. . : 18.69
capital (9% 5 months) : 23.61
sted (other than land) : 5.34
. . : 28.40


Average per
Acre
:$ 34.05 :
S 39.80 :
: 286.60 :
S367.74 :
: 201.51 :
S 13.35 :
S 38.33 :
: 48.01
50.76
38.47
S 45.61
S 7.61
: 148.48


Total growing cost. . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense . . .
Grading and packing expense. .
Containers . . . .
Hauling. . . . .
Selling. . ..........

Total harvesting and marketing cost .

Tntal crop cost . . .
Crop sales. . . .
Net return . ... .


... : 694.10 : 1320.32 : $ 1.606



... : 212.12 : 457.06 : .556
... : 246.48 : 728.75 : .886
.. : 136.23 : 435.55 : .530
: 41.12 : 78.12 : .095
... : 45.60 : 119.04 : .145


. : 681.55 : 1818.52 :


:1375.65
:1561.48
:$185.83


3138.84
3742.92
$604.08


2.212

3.818
4.553
$ 0.735


1974-75 range per acre
From To


Yield (30 lbs.) .. . .......
Total growing cost. . ..
Total harvesting and marketing cost .
Total crop cost . ... .
Crop sales. . * *
Net return. ........... *


423
.. : $909.20
. : 936.50
.. : 1950.93
. : 2157.30
.. :$ 206.37


30 lb.


980
: $1575.40
:2172.00
:3735.84
:4876.80
: $1140.96


-- ---









Table 24.--TOMATOES: Costs and returns in the Ft. Pierce area
5 season average 1970-74 and 1974-75


Item


Number of growers. . . .
Number of acres. . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (30 lbs.) .

Growing costs:

Land rent. . . .
Seed . . . .
Fertilizer . . . .
Spray and dust . . .
Cultural labor . .....
Machine hire . . .
Gas, oil and grease . .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation . . .
Licenses and insurance . .
Interest on production capital (9% -
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . .


:5-season:
:average
S 15.
S3660
S244
S305


Acre
.:$ 17.41
. 14.56
.... 116.57
.. : 108.11
. : 164.84
. 95.49
. 34.89
. 57.26
. 29.70
. 11.48
5 months): 24.06
than land): 4.46
. . 21.01


1974-75


10
2395
240
425


Average per
Acre
$ 22.88
20.94
S193.24
:100.60
: 173.36
: 104.11
S 57.66
62.62
S 40.10
21.44
S 29.55
S 6.01
S 31.15


Total growing cost . . ... .: 699.84 :

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking expense. . . .
Grading and packing expense .
Containers . . . .
Hauling . . . .
Selling . . . .


218.06
185.75
106.37
45.95
43.39


863.66 : $ 2.032


287.19
408.57
205.48
76.97
61.97


Total harvesting and marketing cost .... .: 599.52 : 1040.18 :


Total crop cost . . .
Crops sales . . .
Net return . .


.:1299.36 :
.:1231.53 :
.: -67.83 :


1903.84
1965.31
61.47


.676
.961
.484
.181
.146

2.448

4.480
4.624
0.144


1974-75 range per acre


Yield (30 lb.) . . .
Total growing cost . . .
Total harvesting and marketing cost.
Total crop cost. . . .
Crop sales . . . .
Net return . . .


From
. . : 339
. . . :$ 680.10
. . : 866.38
S . . : 1672.84
S . : 1484.74
. . $-220.00


30 lb.


To
541
983.70
1325.45
2131.66
2683.18
551.52


~I_









Table 25.--STAKED TOMATOES: Costs and returns in the Immokalee-Lee area
5-season average 1970-74 and 1974-75


:5-season:
: average :


1974-75


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (30 lb.)


Growing costs:


Land rent. . .
Seed . . .
Fertilizer . .
Spray and dust ..
Cultural labor .
Machine hire . .
Gas, oil and grease. .
Repair and maintenance
Depreciation . .
Licenses and insurance
Interest on production


.

. . .
. .
. . .
. .

. .
capital (9%-


Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . .


5 months)
than land)
S *.
. .






5 months)
than land)
. *.


: 9
1971
: 219
: 745


Acre
:$ 35.33
:55.22
: 195.09
: 267.22
: 583.42
:75.98
:57.22
: 103.99
:77.88
:48.30
:59.04
:11.68
: 152.70


17
3526
207
1029


Average per
Acre 30 lb.
$ 38.67 :
86.96 :
: 321.02 :
371.25
665.22 :
: 107.46 :
101.53 :
:119.68 :
78.39 :
69.55 :
79.16 :
11.76 :
229.46 :


Total growing cost. . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense . . .
Grading and packing expense. . .
Containers . . .
Hauling. . . . .
Selling. . .. . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost .

Total crop cost ... . . .
Crop sales. . . . .
Net return. . . . .


. .. :1723.07 : 2280.11 : $2.216


: 576.09
: 590.25
: 271.29
: 96.52
: 103.95


533.98
997.96
499.68
148.79
142.08


. :1638.10 : 2322.49 : 2.257


:3361.17
:3668.76
: 307.59


: 4602.60 : 4.473
: 5197.31 : 5.051
: 594.71 :$ 0.578


1974-75 range per acre
From To
Yield . . . . . ... : 500 : 1750
Total growing cost. . . . . ... :$1090.17 : $3296.70
Total harvesting and marketing cost . . .. : 1125.00 : 3789.81
Total crop cost . . . .... ... : 2513.40 :7086.51
Crop sales. . . . . ... . : 2500.00 : 8080.00
Net return. . . . . ... . :$-286.35 : $1600.49


Item


.519
.970
.485
.145
.138


. . . .










Table 26.--STAKED TOMATOES: Costs and returns in the Manatee-Ruskin area
5 season average 1970-74 and 1974-75

:5-season:
Item :5-season: 1974-75
: average :


Number of growers. .
Number of acres. . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (30


11
2145
195
590


lb.)


13
1814
140
781


Growing costs:


Land rent . .
Seed . . .
Fertilizer. . .
Spray and dust. .
Cultural labor. .
Machine hire. . .
Gas, oil and grease .
Repair and maintenance.
Depreciation. . .
Licenses and insurance.


Interest on production capital (9% -
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . .


Acre
. :$ 34.75
. 37.56
. : 167.77
. : 133.07
. : 339.89
. 20.16
. 53.29
. 65.76
. 55.08
. 49.81
5 months): 36.79
than land): 8.26
. : 79.15


Average per
Acre
$ 47.74 :
S77.76
293.26
: 250.76 :
S493.44
19.17a:
S86.63 :
S80.92 :
88.56
73.12 :
S59.79 :
13.29 :
171.53 :


Total growing cost . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense . . .
Grading and packing expense . .
Containers . . .
Hauling . . . .
Selling . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost. .

Total crop cost. . . .
Crop sales . . . .
Net return. . .. . .


. :1081.34 : 1755.97 : $ 2.248


: 274.51
: 507.74
: 217.68
: 62.09
: 74.85


348.66
814.21
408.63
111.83
88.26


. .. :1136.87 : 1771.59 :


:2218.21
:2808.27
: 590.06


3527.56
4217.07
689.51


.447
1.043
.523
.143
.113

2.269


: 4.517
S5.400
: $ 0.883


1974-75 range per acre
From To
Yield (30 lb.) . . . . : .393 : 1376
Total growing cost . . . .... .. :$1142.25 : $2914.41
Total harvesting and marketing cost . ... : 910.52 : 3264.07
Total crop cost. . . .. ....... : 2052.77 : 5754.34
Crop sales . . . . . : 1967.18 : 8166.36
Net return . . . . ... . :$-188.59 : $2412.02


30 lb.


I I f f









Table 27.--WATERMELONS: Costs and returns in the Immokalee-Lee area
5 season average 1970-74 and 1974-75



Item :5-season: 1974-75
:____average :


Number of growers
Number of acres .
Average acres per
Average yield per


Growing costs:

Land rent . .
Seed. . .
Fertilizer. .
Spray and dust. .
Cultural labor. .
Machine hire. .
Gas, oil and grease
Repair and maintenan
Depreciation. .
Licenses and insuran
Interest on product
Interest on capital
Miscellaneous expense


: 6
: 810
: 135
: 191


grower. .
acre (cwt.)


Av
Acre
. . . . :$ 18.18 :
. . . . : 8.47
. . . . : 123.94 :
. . . . : 77.51
. . . : 119.07
. . . . : 36.34 :
. . . . : 17.21 :
ce. . . : 39.98 :
. . . . : 27.33 :
ce. . ..... : 11.99 :
on capital (9% 5 months): 17.66
invested (other than land): 4.10
e . . . : 18.33


Total growing cost. . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting expense . . .
Packing expense . . .
Containers. . . . .
Hauling . . . .
Selling . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . .
Crop sales . . . .
Net return . . . .


. .. 520.11 : 623.53 :$ 2.173


52.69
46.53
22.59
78.83
47.33


. : 247.97 :


768.08
753.14
-14.94


84.44
64.90
14.95
116.88
71.75


.294
.226
.052
.407
.250


352.92 : 1.229


976.45
1513.30
536.85


: 3.402
: 5.273
: 1.871


1974-75 range per acre
From To

Yield (cwt.) . . . . . 49 400
Total growing cost . ... .. ..:$ 521.68 :$ 737.05
Total harvesting and marketing cost . ... .: 56.35 : 500.00
Total crop cost . . .... ... .: 629.88 :1197.05
Crop sales. . . . .... . : 196.80 : 2600.00
Net return . .... . . .. .:$-433.08 :$ 1402.95


Food & Resource Economics -- 1500
DLB:jc


cwt.


erage per
Acre
$ 23.87
8.69
196.03
101.82
125.98
28.67
28.25
27.34
29.21
14.58
21.32
4.38
13.39


































































This public document was promulgated at an annual cost of $2110.00 or
$1.46 per copy to furnish the vegetable industry and allied suppliers
with current information on costs and returns for vegetable crops in
Florida.


L