• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 General social and economic characteristics...
 Housing characteristics
 Economy and labor force charac...
 Public sector characteristics
 Miscellaneous
 Sources






Group Title: Information for rural development : population, housing, economy, labor force, and public sector
Title: Information for rural development
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026135/00018
 Material Information
Title: Information for rural development population, housing, economy, labor force, public sector ...
Series Title: Economic information report 1-19, 40, 45, 48, 51, 87
Alternate Title: Information for development
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
McCloskey, Elinor F
Publisher: Food and Economics Dept., Florida Cooperative Extension Service and Center for Rural Development, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1975-
 Subjects
Subject: Rural development -- Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Economic surveys -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Rural conditions -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographies.
Statement of Responsibility: E. McCloskey ... et al..
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: Report no.40 (1975), no.45 (1975), no.48 (1976) have title: Information for development.
Funding: This collection includes items related to Florida’s environments, ecosystems, and species. It includes the subcollections of Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit project documents, the Sea Grant technical series, the Florida Geological Survey series, the Coastal Engineering Department series, the Howard T. Odum Center for Wetland technical reports, and other entities devoted to the study and preservation of Florida's natural resources.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00026135
Volume ID: VID00018
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Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000304000
oclc - 03344466
notis - ABT0570
lccn - 77620826

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Abstract
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    List of Tables
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
    General social and economic characteristics of the population
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Housing characteristics
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Economy and labor force characteristics
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    Public sector characteristics
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    Miscellaneous
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
    Sources
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
Full Text



E. McCloskey
1. O. Coppedg




Jac


Infor


Economic Information
Report 18


0e


ckson County, Florida


motion For Rural Developpent/
Population, Housing |onomy, /
Labor Force, Pubf6lSr Ie0S F,/,J,


Sand Resource Economics Department
orida Cooperative Extension Service and
nter for Rural Development
stitute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
niverslty of Florida, Gainesville 32611


March 1975


--










ABSTRACT


This report is one of a series for selected counties in Florida
designated to compile secondary data from several sources into bne
document. The purpose is twofold: first, to present useful information
in a readily usable form; and second, to provide a list of sources for
obtaining more detailed data on related topics. Subjects covered include
general social and economic characteristics of the population, housing,
the economy and labor force characteristics, and data related to the
public sector.

Key words: Florida counties, economic development, rural development,
data, information.


This publication is one of several similar reports in which data
relating to rural development in various counties in Florida are pre-
sented. It is a contribution from the Center for Rural Development in
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences at the University of
Florida.
Appreciation is expressed to Marianne Nott for organizing the
tables and typing this manuscript.
















TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page




LIST OF TABLES. .. . . .... ............ ii

GENERAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION ... 1

HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS .. . ..... . *. . 15

ECONOMY AND LABOR FORCE CHARACTERISTICS. ...... . ... 21

PUBLIC SECTOR CHARACTERISTICS; FINANCES, FACILITIES, SERVICES. 30

MISCELLANEOUS . . . . . . 53

SOURCES . . . . . .............. 57



LEGEND

NA. . ... Not available
-. . .. Does not apply
Blank. . Not available
A. . .. .Acre
Tx. . .. Tax


E. F. McCLOSKEY is a research assistant in food and resource econom-
ics. R. O. COPPEDGE is extension resource economist and assistant pro-
fessor of food and resource economics.









LIST OF TABLES


Table

1 Population characteristics: age by race and rural
residence, Jackson County, 1970 . . .

2 Population estimates by age and race for Jackson
County and the State: July 1, 1973 . .

3 Projections of persons aged 60 and over and 75
and over in Jackson County by averaging the increase
over the last 20 years . . . .

4 Components of population change for Jackson
County and Florida . . . .

5 Selected population characteristics, Jackson
County and county subdividions, 1970 . .

6 Years of school completed for population 25 years
and older, total and Black, Jackson County, 1970 .

7 Income and poverty data, total and Black, Jackson
County, 1970 . . . . .

8 Median earnings in 1969 of persons in experienced
civilian labor force for selected occupation groups,
Jackson County . . . . .

9 Labor force and occupational characteristics,
Jackson County, 1970 . . . .

10 Industry group of employed persons, Jackson
County, 1970 . . . . .

11 People in labor force by age and sex, Jackson
County, 1970 . . .. . ..

12 Last occupation of experienced unemployed persons,
Jackson County, 1970 . . . ..

13 Offenses constituting the crime index, Jackson
County, 1972 . . . . .

14 Commitment to correctional institutions by race
and sex, Jackson County, 1972-73 . . ..

15 Housing profile, City of Marianna, 1950, 1960, and
1970 . . . . . .

16 Housing characteristics, Jackson County, 1970. .


Page


. 11


. 12


. 14


. 16

. 17










LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table

17 Characteristics of all occupied units in urban
and rural areas, Jackson County, 1970 . .

18 Financial characteristics of housing for Jackson
County, 1970 . . . . .

19 Housing occupancy and facilities, Jackson County,


Page


1970.


20 Subsidized housing and number of Section 235 home
mortgages, Jackson County, 1970 . . .. . 20

21 Number of public housing units as of December 31,
1971, Jackson County. ,. . . . . 20

22 Selected farm characteristics, Jackson County,
1964 and 1969 . . . . ... . 22

23 Basic labor market information, Jackson County. ... 23

24 Local government payrolls and employees for Jackson
County area, October, 1967a . . . .. 24

25 Employment and payroll of covered workers, Jackson
County, 1972 . . . . . ... 25

26 Payrolls for retail and wholesale trade, Jackson
County, 1967. . . . . . .. 26

27 Receipts and number of establishments for selected
services, Jackson County, 1967. . .... . 26

28 Sales of retail and wholesale trade, Jackson County,
1967 . . . . ... . . .27

29 Assets and liabilities of commercial banks,
Jackson County. . . ... ...... 27

30 Motor vehicle tags by tape of vehicle, Jackson
County, 1971-72 . .... .. . . . 28

31 Gasoline sold by fiscal year, Jackson County. . ... 28

32 Types of fuel used for heating, cooking, and water
heating, Jackson County, 1970 . .... . . 29


33 Types of water supply and sewage disposal by housing
units, Jackson County, 1970 . . . .

34 Tax base millages, Jackson County, 1971 . .

iii


. 29

. 31









LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table Page

35 Comparative analysis of taxable valuation of
property, Jackson County, 1971. . . . ... 32

36 Assessed value of property subject to local govern-
ment property taxation, Jackson County, 1971. ... .33

37 Assessed valuation of non-exempt property as basis
for school taxes and fiscal data on effort to finance
public schools, Jackson County, 1971-72 . ... .34

38 Revenues for Jackson County, 1971 . . .... 34

39 Expenditures for Jackson County, 1971 . ... 35

40 Revenues for cities of Graceville and Marianna,
Jackson County, 1971. . . ... ... 36

41 Expenditures of cities of Graceville and
Marianna, 1971. . . . . . ... 37

42 Distributions to Jackson County and municipalities
from state sources and state tax collections by major
sources of revenue, 1971-72 . . . 38

43 Distributions to county schools from Minimum
Foundation and other foundation programs, Jackson
County, 1971-72 . . .... .. . 39

44 Federal government distributions for school programs,
Jackson County, fiscal year ending June 30, 1972. . .40

45 Schools by type, Jackson County ...... . .... 40

46 School enrollment by grade level and age, Jackson
County, 1970. . . ... . . 41

47 Enrollment, average daily attendance, average daily
membership of pupils at close of year for the fiscal
year 1971-72, Jackson County. ... .. . . 41

48 Number of high school graduates continuing their
education and type of institution entered, Jackson
County, 1971. . .... . . . 42

49 Instructional positions in public school system,
Jackson County. ....... . . . 43

50 Pupil mobility in public schools during one year,
grades K-12, Jackson County, 1971-72. . . 44










LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Tables Page

51 Characteristics of public school bus operations,
grades K-12, Jackson County, 1971-72. . . ... 44

52 Summary of revenues and expenditures of schools
including grades K-12, Jackson County, fiscal year,
1971-72 . . . . . . 45

53 Public assistance by program, Jackson County. . .. .46

54 Disbursements of the county government for welfare,
Jackson County, fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1971 .. 47

55 Old-age, survivros, disability, and health insurance,
by number of beneficiaries with monthly cash benefits
in current payment status by age and sex, Jackson
County, December, 1972. . . . ..... 47

56 Department of Health, Education, and Welfare: Domestic
assistance program recipients and funds obligated,
Jackson County, fiscal 1973 . ... .. . 48

57 Amount paid by food stamp recipients, bonus, total, and
average value of food stamps for the month of January,
1973, Jackson County. . . .. . . 48

58 Professionals in state licensed health occupations,
Jackson County, December 1973 . .... ....... 49

59 Existing medical facilities, number of beds,
Jackson County, 1971. . . .... . 50

60 Resident deaths from certain causes, 1972, and
incidence of certain reportable diseases, 1971,
Jackson County. . . ... . 51

61 Admissions of patients to the state mental hospital
system, by type of admission, Jackson County, 1972. .. .. .52

62 Areas of selected places, Jackson County, 1960. . ... 54

63 Farms, land in farms, and land use, by size of
farm, Jackson County, 1969. . ... . 54

64 Forest land area: Jackson County, 1970 ...... .. 55

65 Farm sales of forest products, Jackson County,
1969 and 1964 . . .... . . 55

66 Weather data, Graceville Weather Station, Jackson
County, 1973a ...... . . . 56





































GENERAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS

OF THE POPULATION














Table l.--Population characteristics: age by race and rural
residence, Jackson County, 1970


Under 5 years. .
5-9 .
10-14. .
15-19. .
20-24 ...


25-29.
30-34.
35-39.
40-44.
45-49.


50-54. .
55-59. .
60-64. .
65 & over. .
Total. .
Median age


- Number - -

2,563 829 1,888
3,104 1,063 2,317
3,883 1,414 2,782
4,180 1,457 2,987
2,471 683 1,875
1,971 457 1,471
1,684 217 1,217
1,679 374 1,230
1,859 414 1,356
1,810 396 1,294
1,832 473 1,341
1,827 463 1,347
1,752 472 1,285
3,819 1,042 2,746
34,434 9,954 25,133
27.6 NA NA


Source: [25].


I






3






Table 2.--Population estimates by age and race for Jackson County
and the State: July 1, 1973


Age group County Florida

All :- - Number - -
All races:
0-14 years. .... .. 9,722 1,826,268
15-24 years ...... .. 7,951 1,295,634
25-44 years ...... .. 7,756 1,776,550
45-64 years ...... .. 7,704 1,693,155
65 and over ...... .. 4,669 1,253,487
All ages. . ... 37,801 7,845,093
White:
0-14 years. . . 6,456 1,430,429
15-24 years . . 5,260 1,063,443
25-44 years . . 5,970 1,521,526
45-64 years ...... .. 5,904 1,517,212
65 and over ...... .. 3,425 1,173,231
All ages. . ... 27,014 6,705,839
Nonwhite:
0-14 years. .... .. 3,266 395,839
15-24 years ...... .. 2,690 232,190
25-44 years ...... .. 1,786 255,025
45-64 years ...... .. 1,800 175,943
65 and over ...... .. 1,244 80,257
All ages. . ... 10,787 1,139,254.


Source: [2, p. 2, 3].











Table 3 ..--Projections of persons aged 60
in Jackson County by averaging
20 years


and over and 75 and over
the increase over the last


60 years 75 years
Years and projections 60 ye ars 75 years
and over and over

Number -

1950. . . . ... 3,760 814
1970. . . . ... 5,571 1,410
Average annual increase . 90.55 29.80
Projections:
1975. . . . ... .6,024 1,559
1980 . . . .. .6,477 1,708
1983. . . . 6,748 1,797


Source: [12].







Table 4.--Components of population change for Jackson County and
Florida


Item County Florida

Number -
Population:
Census (1970) . . 34,434 6,790,929
Estimate (1973) . .. 37,801 7,845,092
Components of change: a
Total change . . .. 3,367 1,054,163
Births . . . .. 1,813 366,528
Deaths .. . . .1,222 258,453
Natural increaseb. . . 591 108,075
Net migration . . ... 2,776 946,088
Migration as percentage of 1973
estimate . . 7.34 12.06

bApril 1, 1970 to July 1, 1973.
Births minus deaths.
cTotal change minus natural increase.
Net migration divided by 1973 population estimates times 100.
Source: [2, p. 4].












Table 5.--Selected population characteristics, Jackson County and county subdivisions, 1970


Uni Alford Cambellton Cottondale Cypress Graceville
Characteristics Unit
division division division division division

Population. . ... No. 1,928 1,836 2,573 3,107 4,264
Sex:
Male. . . No. 922 883 1,236 1,469 2,061
Female. . ... No. 1,006 953 1,337 1,638 2,203
Race:
White . .. .No. 1,722 404 1,856 2,714 3,644
Black . .. .No. 205 1,432 717 389 612
Other . .. .No. 1 0 0 4 8
Age:
Under 18 years. . % 33.5 40.5 35.4 33.5 33.9
18 to 64 years. . % 52.7 46.6 51.2 54.1 53.5
65 years and over % 13.8 12.9 13.4 12.4 12.6

In group quarters. No. 2 16 16 0 7
Households:
Total . .. No. 627 522 808 1,005 1,391
Black and other .No. 48 390 202 98 177
Population in households:
Total . ... No. 1,926 1,820 2,557 3,107 4,257
Black and other .No. 206 1,416 717 393 619

a. ,.


All living arrangements other than households.
Source: [25, Table 33].


Continued














Table 5.--Selected population characteristics, Jackson County and county subdivisions, 1970--Con.


Greenwood Malone Marianna Sneads
Characteristic Unit division division division division County


Population . ... No. 2,589 2,349 11,837 3,951 34,434
Sex:
Male. . . .. No. 1,218 1,098 5,929 2,369 17,185
Female. . .. .No. 1,371 1,251 5,908 1,582 17,249
Race:
White . . No. 1,331 1,587 8,243 2,947 24,448
Black . . .. .No. 1,258 762 3,578 1,001 9,954
Other . . ..No. 0 0 16 3 32
Age:
Under 18 years. .. % 36.5 33.0 37.4 31.9 NA
18 to 64 years % 51.3 53.0 53.3 60.5 NA
65 years and over .. % 12.2 14.0 9.3 7.6 NA
a
In group quarters No. 32 27 1,596 773 2,469
Households:
Total . . No. 777 777 3,414 974 10,295
Black and other .... .No. 353 207 971 151 2,597
Population in households:
Total . . .. .No. 2,557 2,322 10,241 3,178 31,965
Black and other .... .No. 1,250 747 3,108 602 9,058

aAll living arrangements other than households.

Source: [25, Table 33].













Table 6.--Years of school completed for population 25 years and
older, total and Black, Jackson County, 1970


Years of education
for population 25 yrs.
and older

Total population:
No school years com-
pleted. . .
Elementary:
1 to 4 years. .
5 to 7 years. .
8 years . .
High school:
1 to 3 years. .
4 years . .
College:
1 to 3 years. .
4 years or more .
Total . .
Median school years com-
pleted. . .


Total


- - Number -


519

1,373
1,521
708

1,397
1,825

547
592
8,482


9.3


403

1,093
1,606
1,138

1,841
2,495

587
570
9,733


- Percent


922

2,466
3,127
1,846

3,238
4,320

1,134
1,162
18,215


5.1

13.5
17.2
10.1

17.8
23.7

6.2
6.4
100.0


10.0


Percent high school
graduates . .. 34.9 37.5 36.3

Black population: - Number - Percent
No school years com-
pleted . .. 197 193 390 8.7
Elementary:
1 to 4 years. .. 608 569 1,177 26.2
5 to 7 years. .. 423 533 956 21.3
8 years . .. 147 212 359 7.9
High school:
1 to 3 years. .. 291 442 733 16.3
4 years . .. 207 381 588 13.1
College:
1 to 3 years. .. 52 68 120 2.7
4 years or more 63 104 167 3.7
Total ...... ... 1,988 2,502 4,490 100.0
Median school years
completed . .. 6.1 7.7 NA

Percent high school
graduates . .. 16.2 22.1 19.5

Source: [26, Tables 120, 125].






8






Table 7.--Income and poverty data, total and Black, Jackson County,
1970

Population
Item Unit
Black Total

Persons. . ..... No. 23,247 34,434
Per capital income. ...... $ $916 $1,799
Families by income class:
Under $3,999 . .. No. 1,204 3,115
$4,000-$5,999. . ... No. 286 1,315
$6,000-$11,999 . No. 365 2,227
$12,000 and over . No. 62 1,638
Total. . . ... No. 1,917 8,295
Median family income . $ 3,067 5,496
Income below poverty level:
Families below poverty level No. 1,170 2,540
Percent of all families. .. % 61.0 30.6
Mean family income . $ 1,985 1,879
Mean size of family. ..... No. 4.66 3.94
Civilian male head less than
65 years . . No. 539 1,285
Families with female head. No. 442 674
Percent families receiving
public assistance income % 37.9 28.7
Unrelated individuals. ... No. 608 1,491
Persons below poverty level:
Receiving Social Security
income . .. % 10.7 16.7
65 years and over. . % 12.9 18.2
Receiving Social Security
income which are 65 years
and over . .. % 54.7 61.6

Source: [26, Tables 124, 125, 128, 119].














Table 8.--Median earnings in 1969 of persons in experienced civilian
labor force for selected occupation groups, Jackson County


Occupation Earnings


Dollars
a
Male, 16 yrs. and older with earningsa. .. 4,537
Professional, managerial, and kindred .. .. 7,520
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred . ... 5,190
Operatives, including transport . .. 4,215
Laborers, except farm . . ..... 3,318
Farmers, and farm managers. . . .. 3,037
Farm laborers, except unpaid and farm foremen 1,709
a
Female, 16 yrs. and older with earningsa. . 3,104
Clerical and kindred . . .... 3,419
Operatives, including transport . .. 3,045


aIncludes persons in other occupation groups, not shown separately.

Source: [26, Table 122].













Table 9.--Labor force and occupational characteristics, Jackson
County, 1970

City of
Labor force characteristics County ariaa State
Marianna

- Number - -
Total labor force, 16 yrs. and
over. . .. ... 11,514 2,506 2,621,554
Male. . ... .. 7,050 1,443 1,609,360
Female. . . 4,432 1,063 1,012,194
Civilian labor force. ... 11,458 2,493 2,521,245
Number employed . .. 11,061 2,415 2,426,268
Percent employed. ... 96.5 96.9 96.2
Number unemployed . 397 78 94,977
Percent unemployed . 3.5 3.1 3.8
Occupation of employed:
Professional, technical, and
kindred workers . .. 1,298 528 335,254
Managers and administrators
except farm . .. .936 317 228,885
Sales workers .. ... 541 188 211,110
Clerical and kindred. 1,189 324 433,434
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred
workers . . 1,281 248 351,331
Operatives, except transport. 963 198 209,699
Transport equipment operatives 473 76 88,895
Laborers, except farm . 653 76 127,186
Farmers and farm managers 660 28 16,566
Farm laborers and farm foremen 530 17 60,747
Service workers, except private
household . .. 2,112 246 303,620
Private household workers 425 169 59,541
Total . . .. 11,061 2,415 2,426,268


Source: [26, Tables 117, 118, 121, 122].


I








11








Table 1-- Industry group of employed persons, Jackson County, 1970



Industry Total Black


- Number --
Total employed, 16 yrs. and older. ...... 11,061 2,478
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries .. 1,374 401
Mining . . . .... 20 6
Construction . . . .... 846 188
Manufacturing:
Durable goods:
Furniture, lumber, and wood products 416 222
Metal industries . . .... 0 0
Machinery except electrical . ... 57 4
Electrical machinery, equipment supplies 13J
Transportation equipment . .... 40 9
Other durable goods. . .... 55 20
Nondurable goods:
Food and kindred products. . ... 221 60
Textiles and fabricated textile products 306 77
Printing, publishing, and allied industries 23 5
Chemicals and allied products . 40
a 26
Other nondurable goods . . 104
Total manufacturing industries ... 1,275 423
Railroad and railway express services. 45 NA
Trucking services and warehousing. . .. 96 30
Other transportation . . .... 103 44
Cor;iunications ............. 51 45
Utilities and sanitary services. . .209
Wholesale trade. . .. ... 349 -78
Food, bakery, and dairy stores . .. 237 18
Eating and drinking places ......... 224 39
General merchandise retailing. . ... 161
Motor vehicle retailing and service stations 364 88
Other retail trade . .. ....... .694
Banking and credit agencies. . ... .107 13
Insurance, real estate, and other finance. .. 161
Business and repair. . .. . 161 5
Private households .......... .. .408 372
Other personal services . . ..303 90
Entertainment and recreation . .... 42 0
Hospitals . . . . .. 233 210
Health services, except hospitals .. . 335)
Education, government. . . .... 935
Education, private . .... .. .. .94 239
Other education and kindred. . ... 35
Welfare, religious, and other non-profit member-
ship organizations . . .. 163 75
Legal, engineering, and miscellaneous professions 201
Public administration. . .. .. 835 114

aIncludes not specified manufacturing industries.

Source: [26, Tables 123, 127].












labor force by age and sex, Jackson County,


Age category Male Female

Percent -

14 and 15 years old. . 7.0 3.6
16 and 17 years old. .... 17.1 6.0
18 and 19 years old. .... 35.7 22.1
20 and 21 years old. .... 38.9 42.9
22 to 24 years old .. 70.0 44.2
25 to 34 years old .. 80.7 53.6
35 to 44 years old ..... 84.4 54.6
45 to 64 years old .. 75.2 40.7
65 years and over. ..... 25.8 6.7
Total. . . .. 60.6 36.0

percent of particular age and sex group in labor force.

Source: [26, Table 121].


Table 12.--Last occupation of experienced
County, 1970


unemployed persons, Jackson


Last occupation of experienced Total
unemployed 16 yrs. old and over
-Number -

Professional, technical, and managerial
workers. . . . .. 4 9 13
Sales workers. . . .... 5 12 17
Clerical and kindred workers .. 0 58 58
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred workers 23 0 23
Operatives including transport 61 57 118
Laborers, except farm. . ... 24 29 53
Farm workers . . .... 19 24 43
Service workers including private house-
hold . . . .3 38 41
Total. . . .. ....... 139 227 466

aIncludes persons who last worked more than 10 years ago, not
shown separately.
Source: [26, Table 123].


Table 11.--People in
1970a














Table 13.--Offenses constituting the crime index, Jackson County,
1972


Unincor- City of City of
Item County poratsd 3raceville Marianna
area

Total crime index . 249 129 17 103
Percent index change 1971-72. -15.0 -6.5 750.0 -32.7
Number of offenses:
Murder . . 3 3 0 0
Forcible rape . ... 2 2 0 0
Robbery . . 7 7 0 0
Aggravated assault. ... 35 30 4 1
Breaking and entering . 114 53 8 53
Larceny, $50 and over . 70 25 5 40
Auto theft. . .. 18 9 0 9
Crime rate per 100,000 popula-
tion . . ... 680.8 475.9 639.3 1,513.4
Percent rate change 1971-72 -19.7 -18.3 721.7 -33.0
Percent cleared.. . .. 45.4 51.9 29.4 39.8

aThe crime index is the total number of actual offenses or
incidents known to law enforcement officers, not the number of persons
who committed them nor the number of injuries they caused.
Includes those incorporated jurisdictions which report this
information to the law enforcement agency responsible in that geo-
graphic jurisdiction.
Source: [1, Table 18.034].














Table 14 b--Commitment to correctional institutions by race and sex,
Jackson County, 1972-73


Race and sex 1972-73a 6-30-73b

Number -

White male. . . .. .... 11 29
White female. . . ... .. .. 0 0
Black male. . . .6 17
Black female. . .. ... .. 1 2
Other male. . . . 0
Other female. . ... 0 0
Unknown . . . . 0
Total . . . . 18 48
Percent of state total. . .... 0.36 0.46

aDenotes inmates committed to the Division of Corrections during
the fiscal year 1972-73.
Denotes inmates in the custody of the Division of Corrections
as of June 30, 1973.
Source: [13, p. 61].





































HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS














Table 13,--Housing profile, City of Marianna, 1950, 1960, and 1970


Change,
Item 1950 1960 1970 190 to
1960 to 1970

- Number % of total Percent
units

Population. . 5,845 7,152 6,741 100.0 -5.7
Total housing units 1,807 2,392 2,384 100.0 -.3
Total occupied. 1,720 2,222 2,183 91.6 -1.8
Owner occupied. 908 1,301 1,388 58.2 6.7
Renter occupied 812 921 795 33.3 -13.7
Total Black occupied 540 678a 649 27.2 -4.3
Black owner
occupied. 197 322a 339 14.2 5.3
Black renter a
occupied. 343 356 310 13.0 -12.9
Vacant . 87 170 201 8.4 18.2
Single family . NA NA NA NA NA
Multi-family. NA NA NA NA NA
Mobile homes. . 5 NA 20 0.8 NA
Public housing. NA NA NA NA NA
Persons per household NA NA NA NA NA
Persons per occupied
unit:
City of Marianna. 3.0 3.2 2.4 -- -25.0
Jackson County. 3.3 3.6 3.1 -- -13.9
Florida ..... 2.8 3.11 2.9 -6.5


a1960 data listed as "nonwhite".
Sources: [19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25].











Table 16.--Housing characteristics, Jackson County, 1970


Percent of
Characteristic Number total units


Units built before 1940. . . 3,811 33.5
Units lacking some or all plumbing 3,072 27.0
Units with incomplete kitchen facilities or
used by another household .... 2,029 17.8
Units with 1.01 or more persons per room .. 1,085 10.5
Substandard units . .... 2,231 21.6

Value/rent ratios:
Number of units valued at 2.5 times or
more the owners' incomes . 1,361 29.3
Number of units renting for 25% or more
of the renters' incomes . ... 538 24.0
Median number of persons in:
All occupied units . . .. 2.6 --
Owner occupied units . 2.5 --
Renter occupied units. . . 2.8 --
Median household income. . . ... $4,200 --
Ratio of number of poverty level families
per subsidized housing unit. . ... 8.9:1 30.0
Number of subsidized housing units:
Owner occupied . . . 110 1.5
Renter occupied. . . 174 6.3


Source: [8].




Table 17.--Characteristics of all occupied units in urban and rural
areas, Jackson County, 1970


Characteristic of occupied unit Urban Rural Total


Lacking one or more plumbing facility.
1.51 or more persons per room .
Lacking one or more plumbing facility
and/or having 1.51 or more persons
per room . . . .
Percent of total units .. ...
Total occupied units . . .


Number -

438 2,111 2,549
79 288 357


464
15.4
3,014


2,229 2,693
30.7 --
7,251 10,265


Source: [10].







18






Table 18.--Financial characteristics of housing for Jackson County,
1970


Item Rural Total


Contract rent Number of units -
Less than $30. . .... 1,153 2,237
$30 to $39 . . 368 708
$40 to $59 . . 164 331
$60 to $79 . . ... 140 405
$80 to $99 . . .... .72 232
$100 to $149 . . 0 26
$150 or more . . .. 7 41
No cash rent . . 6 12
Total renter occupied. .. 396 482
Median rent . . .. 31 35
Value
Less than $5,000 . .. 1,206 1,499
$5,000 to $9,999 ........ 891 1,444
$10,000 to $14,999 . ... .474 865
$15,000 to $19,999 . ... 174 463
$20,000 to $24,999 . ... 94 184
$25,000 to $34,999 . ... 42 101
$35,000 or more . .. .22 79
Total owner occupied ...... 2,903 4,635
Median value . . $5,900 $5,900

Source: [21, p. 236].














Table 19.--Housing occupancy and facilities, Jackson County, 1970



Item Rural Total


Occupancy: Number Percent
All housing units. . .. 8,064 11,379 100.0
Vacant, seasonal, and migratory. 4 4 .04
Owner occupied .. 5,616 7,519 66.1
Renter occupied. . ... 1,635 2,776 24.4
Vacant year round. . .. 809 1,080 9.5

Population in housing units. . 23,037 31,905
Per unit . . . 3.2 3.1
Owner occupied . ... 3.1 3.1
Renter occupied. . . 3.3 3.2 -
Persons per room, all occupied units 7,251 10,295 90.5
1.00 persons or less . 6,390 9,201 80.9
1.01 to 1.50 persons or less 573 727 6.4
1.51 or more . . 288 367 3.2
Facilities:
Lacking some or all plumbing
facilities . . 2,500 3,072 26.9
Telephone available. ..... 4,217 6,579 57.8
Air conditioning . .. 1,930 3,408 29.9
Median number of rooms ...... 4.9 5.0
Median value. .. . . $5,900 $7,000
Median gross rent .. . $51 $55


on 10 acres


Source: [21, Tables 60, 61, 62].


bOwner occupied units.
Specified renter occupied; excludes one-family homes
or more.














Table 20.--Subsidized housing and number of Section 235 home
mortgages, Jackson County, 1970


Item Number


Subsidized rental units (under management, construc-
tion, or commitment, all programs). . 174
Units in insured projects eligible for rent
supplement (under management or commitment) 00
Families with income less than poverty level. . 2,540
Mean family income . . . 1,879
Section 235 home mortgages:
In 1969 . . . .... 9
In 1970 . . .. 34
In 1971 . . . 40
In 1972a ....... . . . 27
Total . . . . . 110


aThe count is for only 6 months.
Source: [10].




Table 21.--Number of public housing units as of December 31, 1971,
Jackson County


Housing unit Number


Total. . . . . 174
Elderly . . . . 0
Under development:
Pre-construction . . .. 0
Construction . . . 0
Under management . . . 174
Elderly ...... . . 0
Subsidized rental units . . 174
Units in insured projects eligible for rent
supplement . . * 100

Source: [10, p.6].


































ECONOMY AND LABOR FORCE

CHARACTERISTICS








Table 22.--Selected farm characteristics, Jackson County, 1964 and 1969


Item


Total farms . . . .
Land in farms . . .
Average size of farms . . .
Total cropland . . .
Harvested cropland . . .
Woodland . . . .
Value of land and buildings per farm .
Number of farms:
Sales of $20,000 and over . .
Sales of $10,000 to $19,999 . .
Sales of $5,000 to $9,999. . .
Sales of $2,500 to $4,999 . .
Class 6 . . .
Part-time a . .
Part retirement . . .
Abnormal . . . .
Farm products sold:
Crops . . . .
Livestock products . . .
Forest products . . .
Total sales . . .
Average value sold per farm. .


County Florida
I 11969


No.
Acres
Acres
Acres
Acres
Acres
$


No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.


1,582
312,865
197.7
176,737
99,568
96,208
37,261

174
167
230
218
209
408
175
1

7,502,640
9,532,738
273,067
17,308,445
10,940


1,870
341,555
182.6
171,451
106,645
118,691
23,099

118
141
244
269
367
456
273
2

6,478,579
5,013,962
188,465
11,683,500
6,248


35,586
14,031,998
394.3
3,774,119
2,234,036
3,814,187
139,818

6,654
3,335
4,537
5,570
2,659
9,551
3,238
42

731,733,327
395,241,624
5,099,176
1,132,074,127
31,812


aIncludes woodland pasture.
bValue of products sold $50-$2,500 and an operator under 65 yrs. who did not work off farm
100 days or more during year.
CValue of products sold $50-$2,500 and an operator under 65 yrs. who worked off farm 100
days during year.
eValue of products sold $50-$2,500 and an operator over 65 yrs.
institutional, experimental, and reserach farms and those run by agencies.
Source: [18, pp. 249].


--


i















Table 23.--Basic labor market information, Jackson County



Item March 1971 March 1972


Number -
Total population. . . . 34,400 34,500
Civilian labor force. . . ... 9,900 10,720
Total unemployed. . . . 560 480
Unemployment rate, percent. . ... 5.7 4.5
Total employment. . . . 9,340 10,240
Nonagricultural employment . 8,400 9,100
Wage and salary workers . ... 7,120 7,780
Manufacturing . . .. 1,400 1,440
Construction. . ..... 200 260
Transportation and public utilities 340 400
Wholesale and retail trade. ... 1,900 2,040
Finance, insurance, and real estate 300 300
Service and other wage and salary 520 640
Government. . . . ... 2,460 2,700
All other nonagricultural ...... 1,280 1,320
Agricultural employment . . .. 940 1,140
Self-employed and unpaid family workers 580 760
Wage and salary workers (hired labor) 360 380

Source: [7].












Table 24.--Local government payrolls and employees for Jackson County
area, October, 1967


Item Payrolls and employees


Payroll: Dollars
October payroll . . ... 483,000
Education . . . 345,000
Teachers only. . ... .. .. 268,000
Functions other than education 137,000
Average monthly earnings, full time
employees:
Teachers . . . 493
Others . . . 335
Number
Local government employees:
Total . . . . 1,402
Full time. . ... . 1,073
Part-time. . . . 329
Full time equivalent employment 1,197
Education . . . 812
Teachers . . . 543
Functions other than education 385
Highways . . .54
Public welfare . . 1
Hospitals . . . 173
Health . . . 0
Police protection . ... 42
Fire protection . . 12
Sewerage . . . 6
Sanitation other than sewerage 22
Parks and recreation . 2
Natural resources . ... 2
Housing and urban renewal . 5
Corrections . .* .
Libraries. . ......... 5
Financial administration . .. 12
General control. ..... . 21
Water supply . . *1
Other local utilities . 7
Other and unallocable. . 20


aIn general, local governments account for somewhat more than
one-half of all civilian employment. Includes county and municipal
employees.
Source: [28, Table 20].














Table 25.--Employment and payroll of covered workers, Jackson County,
1972


Employing Total Average
Industry units, quarter annual monthly
average payroll employment

Number Dollars Number
Agriculture, forestry, and
fisheries . ... .8 215,614.09 100
Mining . . 0 0
Contract construction. 47 1,599,604.73 278
Manufacturing. . 59 7,930,196.13 1,655
Transportation, communica-
tion, electric, gas, and
sanitary services. .. 28 2,822,658.01 392
Wholesale trade. .... .32 3,487,464.90 695
Retail trade ...... 226 6,638,732.74 1,499
Finance, insurance, and
real estate . 40 1,943,229.49 282
a
Services . .. 105 1,222,290.88 295
State and federal govern-
ment . ... .30 9,555,912.01 1,482
Other nonmanufacturing 13 95,883.33 22
Total, all industries. 588 35,511,586.31 6,700

a
Services include hotels and other lodging places, personal
services, miscellaneous business services, miscellaneous and auto
repair and services, motion pictures, amusement and recreation, medical
and health services, legal services, educational services, nonprofit
membership organization, miscellaneous services.
Source: [9].














Table 26.--Payrolls for retail and wholesale trade, Jackson County,
1967


Item Number

Retail trade:
Establishments. . . .... 364
With payroll. . . . .... 56.0%
Payroll, entire year. . . ... $3,162,000
Paid employees, week including March 12 1,085
Wholesale trade:
Establishments. . . . ... 46
Payroll, entire year. . . ... $1,625,000
Paid employees, week including March 12 526

Source: [27, p. 86, 87].





Table 27.--Receipts and number of establishments for selected
services, Jackson County, 1967


Selected services Number


Establishments. . . . .... 158
With payroll. . . . ... 39.2%
Receipts:
Total, all establishmentsa. . . $2,443,000
Change in 1963-1967 . . .... .17.0
Establishments with payroll . .... 77.7
Receipts, all establishments:
Motels, hotels, and camps . ... NA
Automotive repair and services. ..... NA
Amusement and recreation including movies NA
Establishments with payroll:
Payroll, entire year . . .... $575,000
Paid employees, week including March 12 211

aTotal includes kinds of businesses not shown separately.

Source: [27, Table 2, p. 87].







27





Table 28.--Sales of retail and wholesale trade, Jackson County, 1967



Trade Percent

Retail trade:
Establishments with payroll. . ... 56.0
Total sales by establishments:
Food stores . . . ... 24.7
Automotive dealers . . . 16.5
General merchandise stores . .. 7.0
Eating and drinking places . .. 2.9
Gasoline service stations. ...... 10.2
Furniture, home furnishing, and equipment
stores . . . . 3.5
Building materials, hardware, and farm
equipment dealers. . . ... 12.2
Apparel and accessory stores . .. 5.1
Drug stores and proprietary stores . 3.-5
Total sales, all establishments ... L756_2~Q00
Change of sales from 1963-1967 .. 21.6
Wholesale trade:
Total sales ............... ..L.. _3_. .3635.
Merchant wholesalers . . ... 32.9


Total includes businesses not listed separately.
Source: [27, p. 86, 87].





Table 29.--Assets and liabilities of commercial banks, Jackson County


February
Item
1972 1973

- Dollars -
Loans and discounts .... 23,973,000 27,923,000
Total deposits . .. 41,557,000 48,739,000
Time deposits . 20,552,000 25,449,000
Demand deposits. . ... 2,285,000 23,290,000


Source: [1, Table 6.202].














Table 30.--Motor vehicle tags by
1971-72


type of vehicle, Jackson County,


Vehicle County Florida

- Number -

Passenger cars. . ... 13,434 3,892,619
Buses . . . 28 10,753
Trucks . . ... .4,625 592,860
Trailers. . . 2,424 691,834
Motorcycles . .. 183 125,716
Demonstrators and misc. 277 46,520
Total . . .. 20,971 5,360,302


Source: [1, Table 16.312].


Table 31.--Gasoline sold by fiscal year, Jackson County



Fiscal year Volume


Gallons

1959-1960. . . .. 11,847,000
1967-1968. . . .. 16,264,000
1968-1969. . . .. 17,088,000
1969-1970. . . .. 18,064,000
1970-1971. . . .. 19,020,000
1971-1972. . . .. ... 18,856,000


Source: [1, Table 7.192].













Table 32.--Types of fuel used for heating, cooking, and water heating,
Jackson County, 1970


Item House Water Cooking Total
heating heating

Fuel: Number of units -
Utility gas . .a. 1,905 787 985 3,677
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 942 18 125 1,085
Electricity. . .... 841 6,461 6,300 13,602
Bottled, tank, or LP gas 5,155 1,106 2,450 8,711
Other fuel . . 1,411 0 412 1,823
No fuel . . 41 1,923 23 1,987
Total . . .. 10,295 10,295 10,295 --


aIncludes also gasoline, alcohol, and other combustible fuels.
Includes coal, coke, wood, and any fuel not separately listed.

Source. [1, Table 8.692].


Table 33.--Types of water supply and sewage disposal by housing units,
Jackson County, 1970


Item Total

Number
Water source:
Public system or private company. 5,051
Individual well . ... . 5,929
Other . . . . 399
Total . . . .. .11,379
Sewage disposal:
Public sewer. . . . .. .3,323
Septic tank or cesspool . .. 5,812
Other . . . . 2,244
Total . . . . 11,379

Source: [21, Table 62].





































PUBLIC SECTOR CHARACTERISTICS;

FINANCES, FACILITIES, SERVICES














Table 34.--Tax base millages, Jackson County, 1971


Type Tax base


Mills
Total general millage. . . 13.25
County general village . . 6.25
School general millage . .. 7.00
Percent change in total general millage 1971-7C 0


Source: [1, Table 20.382].












Table 35.-- Comparative analysis of taxable valuation of property, Jackson County, 1971


Property County City of Marianna Florida

Dollars % of total Dollars % of total property
property

Non-exempt real estate. 79,828,488 54.85 15,430,581 51.59 58.96
Personal property .. 26,779,854 18.40 5,857,695 19.58 10.97
Railroad, telegraph, and
private car lines 3,554,840 2.44 200,831 .67 .50
Total all non-exempt value. 110,163,182 75.69 21,489,107 71.85 70.43
Homestead exempt property 28,901,134 19.86 6,056,071 20.25 11.62
All exempt property excluding
homestead . . 6,479,975 4.45 2,365,164 7.91 29.57
Total exempt property 35,381,109 24.31 8,421,235 28.66 100.00
Total value all property. 145,544,291 100.00 29,910,342 100.00
Total 1971 taxes levied 1,708,258 150,425

Source: [14].














Table 36.--Assessed value of property subject to local government
property taxation, Jackson County, 1971


Item


Gross assessed value (before partial
exemptions):
Total, including state-assessed property
Locally assessed property:
Real property. . . . .
Personal property . . .
Tax exempt proportion of locally assessed
value:
Real property . . . .
Personal property . . .
Assessed value subject to tax, after deduc-
tion of partial exemption:
Total . . . . .
State assessed property . .. .
Locally assessed property (total) .
Real property . . .
Personal property. . . .


Percent of assessed value subject to tax
(total 100% for each area):
State assessed property . . .
Locally assessed property:
Real property . . ..
Personal property . . .


Assessed value


4.


Dollars

159,066,000

128,725,000
26,786,000


29,635,000
6,000


129,425,000
3,555,000
125,870,000
99,090,000
26,780,000
Percent


2.7

76.6
20.7


Source: [30, Table 4].









Table 37.--Assessed valuation of non-exempt property as basis for
school taxes and fiscal data on effort to finance public
schools, Jackson County, 1971-72


Item Amount


Non-exempt assessed valuation of property:
1970-71. . . . $105,708,000
1971-72. . ..... .... $110,163,000
County percent increase from 1962-1972 624.60
County percent of state total in 1972. 0.24
Valuation per pupil in average daily
attendance 1971-72 . . .. $15,670
Percent of county revenue from local sources 11.58
Required local effort per pupil in average
daily attendance 1971-72 . $60.60
Local effort required to participate in
Minimum Foundation Program (1971-72) $452,000

Source: [1, Table 4.462].



Table 38.--Revenues for Jackson County, 1971


Item Revenue


Total millage. . . 6.25 mills
Dollars
Assessment:
Exempt . . . .. .. 35,381,109
Non-exempt . . . 110,163,182
Ad valorem . . . .. 662,080
Tax redemptions. .. . . .5,090
Special tax. . .. ... 0
Tax delinquent lands . .. 0
Utility . . . .... 0
Cigarette tax. .... . .. 18,873
Fees . . . . 30,503
Licenses and permits . . 18,257
Fines and forfeitures. . . 155,775
Investment . . ... .19,407
Federal revenue. . . .. 29,569
State revenue. . . ... 268,761
Other . . . 14,763
Total revenue. . . .. 1,223,084

Source: [6].






35






Table 39.--Expenditures for Jackson County, 1971


Expenditures Dollars

General government:
Current.. . .. 250,903
Capital outlay . . 8,747
Total. . .. . 259,650
Public safety:
Court. . . . .... 97,036
Sheriff's office . . . 177,698
Other. ... . . . 20,780
Total. . . ... . .. 198,478
Public works . . . . .. 360,124
Health and welfare ............ 70,715
Culture and recreation . . . 0
Economic development . . ... 38,938
Payments for debt service. . . 71,609
Other .. . . . 11,717
Total expenditure. . . .... 1,108,267


Source: [6].












Table 40.--Revenues for cities of Graceville and Marianna, Jackson County, 1971


Revenues


Population. . .
City employees. . .
Exempt valuation. .
Non-exempt valuation. .
Operating millage .
Total millage . .
Total ad valorem. .
Utility service tax .
Franchise fees. . .
Utility fees. . .
Licenses and permits. .
Fines and forfeitures .
Investment income .
Enterprise funds. .
Other revenues. . .
State shared:
Cigarette tax . .
Gasoline tax. . .
Total revenues. . .


Source: [6].


City of Graceville


City of Marianna


Total Per capital Total Per capital


No.
No.
$
$
Mills
Mills

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

$
$
$


2,560
15
2,526,915
6,902,264
4.50
4.50
28,549
37,141
7,620
47,274
6,607
6,869
0
0
662

28,135
1,924
164,781


987.08
2,696.20
6.3

11.15
14.51
2.98
18.47
2.58
2.68
0
0
.26

10.99
.75
64.37


6,741
160
8,349,393
21,549,506
7.00
7.00
141,178
125,291
26,918
77,219
24,490
31,377
12,931
110,480
39.923

109,912
2,195
701,914


1,238.60
3,196.78
21.0


20.94
18.59
3.99
11.46
3.63
4.65
1.92
16.39
5.92

16.30
.33
104.13


I II


- -I














Table 41.--Expenditures for cities of Graceville and Marianna, 1971


City of Graceville City of Marianna
Expenditures
Total Per capital Total Per capital

- Dollars -- -
General government. 0 0 137,410 20.38
Public safety ..... 30,255 11.82 155,111 23.01
Public works .. 64,156 25.06 217,571 32.28
Health and welfare. O 0 0 0
Culture and recreation. 0 0 32,932 4.81
Subsidies to enterprise 0 0 56,050 8.31
Other expenses. .... 0 0 0 0
Debt service. ..... 17,110 6.68 120,760 17.91
Total expenditures. 111,521 43.56 719,294 106.70
Debt:
Debt millage. ..... 0 0 0 0
General obligation bonds 0 0 1,790,000 265.54
Revenue bonds . 222,000 86.72 288,000 42.72
Other bonds .. 0 0 500,000 74.17
Total bonds . 222,000 86.72 2,578,000 382.44
Enterprise funds:
Enterprise income 935 .37 440,649 65.37
Enterprise expenditure. 171 .07 369,218 54.77

Source: [6].












Table 42.--Distributions to Jackson County and municipalities from
state sources and state tax collections by major sources
of revenue, 1971-72


Item


Source of distribution
Total gasoline, special
fuel, and motor fuel tax
2 gas and special fuel
tax to State Board of
Admin. for County
Road Bonds. r .
7thc gas and special
fuel tax . .
8the motor fuel tax .
Auto mileage tax to Board
of Administration .
Beverage licenses .
Mosquito control-state
matching . .
Gas and oil production tax
Insurance agents county
license tax . .
Cigarette tax . .
a
Other . . .
Total . . .

Source of revenue
Sales and use tax .
Gasoline taxes . .
Motor vehicle licenses. .
Racing taxes . .
Cigarette taxes .
Documentary stamp tax .
Documentary stamp tax
surtax . .. .
Hunting and fishing
licenses . .
Occupational licenses .
Intangible taxes. .
Total . . .


Marianna


- - Dollars - -


1,015,167.35



636,633.09


321,060.37
57,473.89

26,570.29
4,066.20

307.81
0

1,170.72
19,587.87
0
1,066,870.24


2,047,098.14
1,488,983.10
530,218.18
0
437,284.28
140,522.10

14,551.35

58,394.25
13,485.13
67,841.40
4,798,377.93


8,634.14

25.00
447.92


0
27,762.04
0
36,869.10


22,735.49

50.00
1,419.76


0
113,320.67
9,952.31
147,478.23


another includes Firemen's Relief and Pension Fund and Municipal
Police Officer's Retirement Fund.
Source: [4, pp. 368-369, 372-379, 364-365].


__













Table 43.--Distributions to county schools from Minimum Foundation
and other foundation programs, Jackson County, 1971-72


Item Distribution

General revenue appropriations: Dollars
Grades K-12:
Instructional salaries. . .. 2,378,220.00
Transportation . . 136,133.00
Other current expenses. ... 955,514.00
Educational improvement expenses. .. 669,498.00
Average daily attendance supplement 82,443.00
EIE school lunch supplement . 27,95462
County school sales tax fund. 199,380.00
Total K-12 (exclusive of capital
outlay and debt service). . 4,449,142.62
Additional capital outlay . 0
Junior colleges . . 1,291,206.00
Driver education. . . 16,749.28
Total from General Revenue Fund ... 5,757,097.90
County Capital Outlay and Debt Service
School Fund:
Capital outlay. . . . 88,183,31
Board of Administration Debt Service. 120,632.05
Interest on investments ...... .. 1,628.62
Total from trust funds. . ... .. 210,443.98
Total from state funds. . ... 5,967,541.88

Source: [4, p. 366-367].












Table 44.--Federal government distributions for school
Jackson County, fiscal year ending June 30,


programs,
1972


Program Distributions

Dollars

Educational Aid Trust Funda . . 1,208,065.06
Food and nutrition services:
Elementaryband secondary educational aid to
counties . . . . 309,250.69
Manpower development training:
Vocational, educational, and aid to counties 105,774.74
Total . . . . . 1,623,090.49

aIncludes Adult Basic Education Funds; Civil Defense, U. S.;
Elementary and Secondary Education, U. S.; Vocational Education Act of
1963;bNational Defense Education Act Funds; and Veterans, U. S. Funds.
Does not include $413.12 cancellations and restorations.
Source: [4, p. 380].





Table 45.--Schools by type, Jackson County



Type of school 1971-72

Number

Kindergarten only. . .. 0
Elementary only. . .. ... 11
Elementary and high school:
Elementary and junior high .. 0
Elementary and senior high . 0
High school only:
Junior high . . ...
Senior high . . ... 0
Junior-senior high . . 6
4-year high . . . 1
Total . . . . 18
Kindergartens counted as part of
elementary school. . .. 9


as a school.


aElementary and secondary departments each counted
Source: [3].










Table 46.--School enrollment by grade level and age, Jackson County,
1970
49%61


School enrollment


Total enrolled, 3-34 years old.
Nursery school . .
Public . . .
Kindergarten . .
Public . . .
Elementary, 1-8 years .
Public . . .
High school, 1-4 years. .
Public . . .
College . . .


Percent enrolled, 3-34 years..
3 and 4 years old . .
5 and 6 years old . .
7 to 13 years old . .
14 and 15 years old . .
16 and 17 years old .. ...
18 and 19 years old . .
20 and 21 years old . .
22 to 24 years old . .
25 to 34 years old . .


Enrollment


Number
10,029
31
12
422
362
6,131
5,780
2,749
2,473
696
Percent
54.7
7.6
74.0
95.4
94.5
82.1
49.3
13.7
8.8
5.1


Source: [26, Table 120].
Table 47.--Enrollment, average daily attendance, average daily member-
ship of pupils at close of year for the fiscal year 19 1-
72, Jackson County


Average daily Membership
Grades Enrollment at close
Attendance Membership of year

- Number -- --
Kindergarten. .. .. 524 427 479 479
Grades 1-12 ... 8,057 7,030 7,542 7,458
Grades 1-6 . 4,221 3,696 3,942 7, 58
Grades 7-9. . 2,237 1,945 2,091 2,058
Grades 10-12. .. 1,599 1,389 1,509 1,475
Total . . 8,581 7,457 8,021 7,937
Promoted, K-12 ... -- -- -- 7,511
Not promoted, K-12. .- 426


Source: [3].














Table 48.--Number of high school graduates continuing their education
and type of institution entered, Jackson County, 1971


Item Graduates

Number

Total high school graduates. . ... 446
Public . . . ... 446
Private. . . . .
Continuing at junior college:
Public . . . . 216
Private. . . . ... .
Continuing at senior college or university:
Public . . . . 7
Private. ............... 0
Continuing at out-of-state college ... 37
Continuing at technical, trade, and other:
In Florida . . . 30
Out-of-state . . . 13


Source: [1, Table 4.922].






44



Table 50.--Pupil mobility in public schools during one year, grades
K-12, Jackson County, 1971-72


Components of change Pupils

Number

Total enrollment . . ... 8,581
Withdrawals . .. 895
First-time entries . .....8,163
Transfers from out-of-state 186
Transfers from other districts . 232

aMay have been to enter another school in this or another state or
to leave school.
Pupils who had not previously entered any other school during the
1971-72 school year. First-time entries would be 100 percent of the
enrollment if no "new" pupils entered during the school year.
CPupils who transferred during the 1971-72 school year, not at
the beginning of the year.
Source: [1, Table 4.192].


Table 51.--Characteristics of public school bus operations, grades
K-12, Jackson County, 1971-72


Characteristic Unit Amount


Funds for pupil transportation. ..... Dollars $274,967
Pupils transported at public expense. Percent 65.04
School bus mileage:
Morning trips . *. Miles 1,734.5
Extra-curricular .. . . Miles 15,500
Pupils transported less than 2 miles. Percent 7.11
School bus drivers. . . ... Number 66
Average monthly salary. . .... Dollars $149.07

aCombined mileage of all school buses, one way. Doubling this
figure gives approximate total daily mileage.
Estimated.
Source: [1, Tables 4.962, 4.982].






43






Table 49.--Instructional positions in public school system, Jackson
County



Positions Fiscal year 1971-72


Supervisors of instruction (general and
special subjects) . . .
Principals and supervising principals:
Kindergarten only . . .
Elementary . . . .
High school . . . .
Elementary and high school . .
Total principals . . .
Teachers:
Men:
Kindergarten . . .
Grades 1-6 . . . .
Grades 7-9 . . .
Grades 10-12 . .. .
Women:
Kindergarten . . .
Grades 1-6 . . . .
Grades 7-9 . . . .
Grades 10-12 . . . .
Total teachers . . . .
Other instructional staff:
Librarians:
Grades 1-6 . . . .
Grades 7-12 . . .
Guidance:
Grades 1-6 . . . .
Grades 7-12 . . .
Psychological and other:
Grades 1-6 . . . .
Grades 7-12 . . .
Total other instructional staff. .
Other county-wide instructional personnel
Total full-time instructional personnel.


Number

7

NA
7
5
11
23



0
18
48
47


21
161
57
42
394



2
10

2
8

3
1
26
2
452


Source: [3].









Table 52.--Summary of revenues and expenditures of schools including
grades K-12, Jackson County, fiscal year, 1971-72


All
Revenues and expenditures counties
Jackson County counties


Revenues
Federal sources . .
State sources . .
Federal through state . .
Local sources . .
Total revenue . .
Total nonrevenue receipts. .
Remittances from other sources
Total revenues and receipts. .
Transfers . . .
Beginning balances . .
Total revenues, receipts, trans-
fers, and balances . .
Adjustments to fund balance .
Total revenues, receipts, trans-
fers, balances, and adjustments
Remittances to other districts
and agencies . . .
Total expenditures and remittances
Transfers . . .
Ending balance . . .
Adjustments . . .
Total expenditures, transfers,
reserves, balances, and adjust-
ments . . .


Expenditures
Administration . .
Current expenses, all funds:


Instruction . .
Operation of plant .
Maintenance of plant .
Auxiliary services .
Fixed charges .
Total current expenses
schools) . .
Non-program schools. .
Total current expenses
schools) . .
Capital outlay . .
Debt service . .


(day


(all
. O .


Total expenditures (all funds)


Dollars

8,673.69
5,067,692.10
1,039,095.26
801,057.65
6,916,518.70
300.00
1,941.15
6,918,759.85
366,478.06
781,515.81

8,066,753.72
0

8,066,753.72

0
7,030,007.43
366,478.06
609,204.94
61,063.29


8,066,753.72


127,632.56

4,754,328.22
304,648.77
273,132.35
688,828.81
317,544.82

6,466,115.53
0

6,466,115,53
430,872.51
133,019.39
7,030,007.


Percent of total


.1
62.8
12.9
9.9
85.7
0
.02
85.8
4.5
9.7

100.0
0

100.0

0
87.1
4.5
7.6
.8


100.0


1.8

67.6
4.3
3.9
9.8
4.5

91.9
0

91.9
6.1
1.9
100.0


2.2
42.3
4.9
27.0
76.5
4.3
.1
80.8
2.9
16.3

99.9
0

100.0

.1
78.0
2.9
2.9
16.1


100.0


2.4

62.4
6.0
2.7
5.6
7.4

86.6
.2

86.8
8.4
4.8
100.0


Source: [3].


. .














Table 53.--Public assistance by program, Jackson County


Payments
Program Cases or Pay
Program i
recipients Total Average


Number Dollars -

Old Age Assistance (72-73). .. 1,070a 881,675 NA
Aid to the Blind (72-73) 33 29,115 NA
Aid to the Disabled (72-73) 441a 436,528 NA
Aid to Families with Dependent
Children X72-73) . 1,862a 468,315 NA
Total direct assistance . 3,406a 1,815,633 NA
Social Security (12-71) . 5,662 468,000 100
Enrollment in Health Insurance
Program for the Aged
(Medicare, 1970 type):
Hospital and/or medical insur. 4,057 918,000 NA
Hospital insurance. .... 3,998 684,000 NA
Supplementary medical insur 3,922 234,000 NA
Old-Age, Survivors, Disability,
and Health Insurance Benefi-
ciaries (6-30-72):
Retired workers ...... 2,444 302,000 NA
Disabled workers. . ... 504 77,000 NA
Others . . 2,996 225,000 NA


and special


Sources: [1, Tables 17.172, 17.392, 27, p. 94, 16, p. 12].


a
aAverage recipients per month.
Dependents of retired and disabled workers, survivors,
age 72 beneficiaries.







47



Table 54.--Disbursements of the county government for welfare,
Jackson County, fiscal year ending Sept, 30, 1971


So l s s Operating Capital
Social services
expenses outlay

Dollars -
Foster home care. . ... 0 0
Federal commodities . .. 31,873.38 0
Welfare administration. . .. 0 0
Welfare services. . ... 6,000.00 0
Mental health . . .. 0 0
Tubercular care . ... 1,426.25 0
State-county welfare participation. 31,415.60 0
Health unit or department .. 0 0
County cemeteries . .... .. 0 0
County hospitals. . ... 0 0
Homes for infirm. . ... 0 0
Parental homes. . ... 0 0
Juvenile or detention homes 0 0
Neighborhood youth corps. .. 0 0
Legal aid . . .... 0 0
Total . . .... 70,715.23 0

Source: [5].



Table 55.--Old-age,survivors, disability, and health insurance, by
number of beneficiaries with monthly cash benefits in
current payment status by age and sex, Jackson County,
December, 1972


Beneficiaries by age and sex Beneficiaries

Number
Total. . . . ... .5,944
Under age 60:
Under 18 years . . .. 957
18-21 years. . . ... 157
22-59 years. . . . 768
Age 60 and over:
Male . . . .... 1,773
Female . . . ... 2,289
60-61 years. . . . 108
62-64 years. . . ... 643
65-71 years . . .. 1,649
72 and over. . . .... .1,662


Source: [1, Table 17.192].






48





Table 56.--Department of Health, Education, and Welfare: Domestic
assistance program recipients and funds obligated,
Jackson County, fiscal 1973


Agency Dollars

Food and Drug Administration. . ... .. 0
Health services and Mental Health Administra-
tion ... . . . .190,905
National Institute of Health. ........ 0
Office of Education . . .... 718,832
Office of the Secretary . . .. .
Social and Rehabilitation Service . 3,729,339
Social Security Administration. .... 9,566,009
Special institutions. . . ... 0
Total . . . . . 14,205,085

Source: [31, p. 66].


Table 57.--Amount paid by food stamp recipients, bonus, total, and
average value of food stamps for the month of January,
1973, Jackson County


Recipients Number

Households. . . .... 1,751
Persons . . .... .. .. 4,755
Amount paid by recipients . $50,252
Bonus (free) value . . $71,856
Total value issued. . ... $122,108
Average stamp value per household $69.74

aIncreased food purchasing power.

Source: [1, Table 17.842].






49






Table 58.--Professionals in state licensed health occupations,
Jackson County, December 1973.


Number per
Personnel Total 1,000
population

Number -
Chiropractor. . . .. 2 .05
Dental hygienist. . . ... 4 .11
Dentist . . . .8 .21
Licensed practical nurse:
Current . . . 69 1.82
Inactive. . . . ... 21 .55
Lapsed. . . .. . 7 .18
Naturopath. . . ... 0 --
Nursing home administrator. . 1 .03
Optician. . . .... --
Optometrist . . . .2 .05
Osteopath ............... --
Pharmacist. . . . ... 15 .39
Physical therapist. . . ... 0--
Physician . . . .. 19 .50
Podiatrist. . . ... --
Psychologist. . .. . 0 --
Registered nurse:
Current . . . 88 2.32
Inactive. . . . ... 14 .37
Lapsed. . . ...... 4 .11
Sanitarian. . . ... .2 .05
Veterinarian. . . .. .2 .05


Source: [11].














Table 59.--Existing medical facilities, number of beds, Jackson
County, 1971


Medical facility Facilities Beds

S- NmTber -


General hospitals . .
Long-term care facilities. .
Nursing homes . .
Tuberculosis hospitals ..
Homes for the aged . .
Diagnostic or treatment centers.
Rehabilitation facilities. .
a
Public health centers .


2
0
1
0


aIncludes principal units and auxiliary facilities.

Source: [1, Table 3.532].












Table 60.--Resident deaths from certain causes, 1972, and incidence
of certain reportable diseases, 1971, Jackson County


Cause of death and incidence of disease County Florida
__________________________________________1___________L--------


Cause of death:
Cardiovascular:
Heart disease. . . .
Vascular lesions of central nervous
system . . . .
Aortic aneurism and certain arterial
disease. . . . .
General arteriosclerosis . .
Cancer . . . .
Diabetes mellitus. . . .
Cirrhosis of the liver . .


Respiratory diseases:
Tuberculosis . .
Influenza and pneumonia. .
Bronchitis, emphysema, and
Maternal deaths. . .
Violent deaths:
Motor vehicle accidents.
Other accidents. . .
Suicides . .
Homicides. . .
Total deaths from all causes
Incidence of disease:
Chicken pox. . .
German measles . .
Gonorrhea. . . .
Hepatitis, infectious. .
Influenza. . . .
Measles . . .
Mumps . . .
Salmonellosis. . .
Streptococcal, infectious. .
Syphilis . . .
Tuberculosis . .


asthma.


- Number -


150

63

6
2
46
3
2


2
7
2
1

27
19
5
2
337


0
0
27
1
0
1
0
0
0
4
10


30,626

9,289

1,210
1,088
15,979
1,384
1,447


223
2,195
1,627
23

2,415
2,312
1,112
968
71,898


2,594
1,818
30,659
2,365
9,634
2,365
2,995
2,995
8,370
3,651
1,551


bIncludes 53 state and federal prison-hospital patients.
Includes 34 state and federal prison-hospital patients.

Source: [1, Tables 3.292, 3.282].













Table 61.--Admissions of patients to the state mental hospital
system, by type of admission, Jackson County, 1972


Admissions County Florida

Number -

Rate of admissions per 100,000 civilian
population . . . 173.4 75.8
Type of admission:
Total . . . . 60 5,472
County Court . . ... 29 3,760
Criminal and circuit court ..... 1 531
Certified. . . . ... 1 713
Voluntary. . . .... 24 387
Other. . . . .... 5 81

a1972 population estimates by Bureau of the Census.
Source: [1, Table 3.632].







































MISCELLANEOUS














Table 62.--Areas of selected places, Jackson County, 1960


Area Population, 1960
Location T Inland Per sq.
Total Land water Total mile
Square miles - Number -

Jackson County. . 948 935.2 12.8 36,208 38.7
Alford division .. 146.8 144.6 2.2 2,030 14.0
Cambellton division 87.9 86.4 1.5 2,109 24.4
Cottondale division 91.8 90.3 1.5 2,920 32.3
Cypress division. 133.3 133.2 .1 3,256 24.4
Graceville division 74.4 74.4 0 4,090 55.0
Greenwood division. 138.9 137.6 1.3 3,189 23.2
Malone division . 97.5 95.8 1.7 2,805 29.3
Marianna division 91.7 91.7 0 12,027 131.2
Sneads division ... 85.7 81.2 4.5 3,782 46.6

Source: [17].


Table 63.--Farms, land in farms, and land use, by size of farm,
Jackson County, 1969

Farms with harvested cropland
Farms Farms
Farms Fars .Total acre- Acres of
in farms harv. cropl.

Number Acres - Number - -

All farms. 1,582 312,865 1,298 281,884 99,568
Farms with:
1-9 A. 62 270 35 195 155
10-49 A. 387 12,199 270 8,581 3,243
50-69 A. 102 6,057 87 5,181 1,656
70-99 A. 204 16,719 169 13,933 4,351
100-139 A. 185 21,646 154 17,943 5,668
140-179 A. 170 26,726 148 23,212 7,785
180-219 A. 92 18,033 84 16,496 6,245
220-259 A. 74 17,597 69 16,412 6,501
260-499 A. 170 61,366 160 57,848 20,850
500-999 A. 101 69,593 88 60,424 22,282
1,000-1,999 A. 27 35,004 26 34,004 11,171
2,000 & over 8 27,655 8 27,655 9,661

Source: [18, p. 249].














Table 64.--Forest land area: Jackson County, 1970



Type of land County Florida


Thousands of acres -
All land. . . .... 601.1 35,179.4
Forest land:
Commercial. . . ... 340.5 16,231.6
Unproductive. . .... 338.9 1,606.9
Productive reserved .. 0 94.4
Total . . ... 1.6 17,932.9
Non-forest land . . 260.6 17,246.5

aLess than 50 acres.

Source: [1, Table 11.362].


Table 65.--Farm sales of forest products,
1964


Jackson County, 1969 and


1969 1964
Forest products Farms Sas Farms Sa
Farms Farms
Sales Sales
reporting reporting
Number Dollars Number Dollars
Standing timber or trees, .21 56,304 88 65,469
Firewood and fuelwood .4 646 NA NA
Sawlogs and veneer logs 9 9,695 NA NA
Pulpwood . .. .87 128,599 NA NA
Other forest products 2 66 NA NA


Source: [18, p. 256].
















Table 66.--Weather data, Graceville Weather Station, Jackson County,
1973 a

a
1973 weather data not available for Jackson County.


Source: [32, p. 2-3].


I









SOURCES

[1] Bureau of Economic and Business Research, University of Florida.
Florida Statistical Abstract. Gainesville: University of Flor-
ida Press, August, 1973.

[2] Population Studies. Bulletin No. 29. Gainesville:
May 1974.

[3] Florida. Commissioner of Education. Commissioner of Education,
Pupil, Personnel and Financial Data, District School System,
Report for the Fiscal Year 1972-73. Tallahassee: 1974.

[4] Florida. Comptroller. Annual Report of the Comptroller for the
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1972. Tallahassee: 1973.

[5] County Finances and Fee Officers Report, 1971.
Tallahassee: 1972.

[6] Florida. Department of Administration and Florida League of Cities.
Revenue and Expenditure Data for City and County Governments.
Tallahassee: May 1, 1972.

[7] Florida. Department of Commerce, Division of Administration, Bureau
of Research and Statistics. Labor Market Information. Tallahas-
see: 1973.

[8] Florida. Department of Commerce, Division of Technical Assistance.
Housing and Population Fact Sheet Tallahassee: April 1973.

[9] Florida. Department of Commerce, Office of Research and Statistics.
Employment and Payrolls, Florida, 1972; Vol. XXV. Tallahassee:
1973.

[10] Florida. Governor. Governor's Task Force on Housing and Community
Development and the Florida Department of Community Affairs.
Housing in Florida, Vol. 5. Tallahassee: 1973.

[11] Florida. Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services; Bureau
of Comprehensive Health Planning, Division of Planning and Eval-
uation. Florida's Health Manpower. Tallahassee: December 1973.

[12] Florida. Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services; Bureau on
Aging, Division of Family Services. A Profile of Florida's El-
derly and Needed Supportive Services. Tallahassee: February 1973o

[13] Florida. Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services; Division
of Corrections. Annual Report 1972-73. Tallahassee: 1973.

[14] Florida. Department of Revenue. Florida Ad Valorem Valuations and
Tax Data, 1970-71. Tallahassee: 1972.

[15] Florida. Department of Transportation. Biennial Report, July-June.
1968-1970. Tallahassee: 1971.








SOURCES (Continued)

[16] Florida. Division of Family Services, Bureau of Financial Services.
Annual Statistical Report, July 1, 1972 June 30, 1973. Tal-
lahassee.

[17] U. S. Bureau of the Census. Area Measurement Reports: Areas of
Florida. GE 20, No. 10. Washington: U. S. Government Print-
ing Office, 1960.

[18] Census of Agriculture, 1969. Vol. I. Area Reports.
Part 29, Florida, Section 2. County Data. Washington: U. S.
Government Printing Office.

[19] Census of Housing: 1950. General Housing Character-
istics, Vol. I, Chapter 10, Florida. Washington: U. S. Gov-
ernment Printing Office, 1952.

[20] Census of Housing: 1960. State and Small Areas.
Florida. Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1962.

[21] Census of Housing: 1970. Detailed Housing Character-
istics. Final Report HC [1] Bll Florida. Washington: U. S.
Government Printing Office, 1972.

[22] Census of Housing: 1970. General Housing Character-
istics. HC [1] All Florida. Washington: U. S. Government
Printing Office, 1972.

[23] Census of Population: 1950. Vol. II, Characteristics
of the Population, Part 10, Florida Chapter B. Washington:
U. S. Government Printing Office, 1952.

[24] Census of Population: 1960 General Population Char-
acteristics, Florida. Final Report PC [1] 11 B. Washington:
U. S. Government Printing Office, 1962.

[25] Census of Population: 1970. Florida General Population
Characteristics. PC [1] Bll, Florida. Washington: U. S. Gov-
ernment Printing Office, 1972.

[26] Census of Population: 1970. General Social and Economic
Characteristics. Final Report PC [l]-C11 Florida. Washington:
U. S. Government Printing Office, 1972.

[27] City and County Data Book. Washington: U. S. Govern-
ment Printing Office, 1972.

[28] Compendium of Public Employment, 1967. Census of Govern-
ments, Vol. 3, Public Employment No. 2. Washington: U. S.
Government Printing Office, 1969.

[29] County Business Patterns, 1972. CBP 72-11. Washington:
U. S. Government Printing Office, 1973.


I










SOURCES (Continued)

[30] U. S. Bureau of the Census. Taxable Property Value and Assessment-
Sales Price Ratios. Vol. 2, Part 1, 1972 Census of Govern-
ments. Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1973.

[31] U. S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Financial
Assistance by Geographic Area, July 1, 1972 June 30, 1973.
Publication No. [05] 74-12. Washington: U. S. Government
Printing Office, 1974.

[32] U. S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Climatological
Data, Florida. Vol. 77. Washington: U. S. Government Printing
Office, 1973.



































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