• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Suwannee County: an overview
 General social and economic characteristics...
 Housing characteristics
 Economy and labor force charac...
 Public sector characteristics
 Miscellaneous
 Sources






Group Title: Information for rural development : population, housing, economy, labor force, and public sector
Title: Information for rural development
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 Material Information
Title: Information for rural development population, housing, economy, labor force, public sector ...
Series Title: Economic information report 1-19, 40, 45, 48, 51, 87
Alternate Title: Information for development
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
McCloskey, Elinor F
Publisher: Food and Economics Dept., Florida Cooperative Extension Service and Center for Rural Development, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1975-
 Subjects
Subject: Rural development -- Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Economic surveys -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Rural conditions -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographies.
Statement of Responsibility: E. McCloskey ... et al..
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: Report no.40 (1975), no.45 (1975), no.48 (1976) have title: Information for development.
Funding: This collection includes items related to Florida’s environments, ecosystems, and species. It includes the subcollections of Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit project documents, the Sea Grant technical series, the Florida Geological Survey series, the Coastal Engineering Department series, the Howard T. Odum Center for Wetland technical reports, and other entities devoted to the study and preservation of Florida's natural resources.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00026135
Volume ID: VID00007
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oclc - 03344466
notis - ABT0570
lccn - 77620826

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Abstract
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    List of Tables
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
    Suwannee County: an overview
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
    General social and economic characteristics of the population
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Housing characteristics
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Economy and labor force characteristics
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
    Public sector characteristics
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
    Miscellaneous
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    Sources
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
Full Text
r
E. McCloskey
R. O. Coppedge
J. A. Brown, Jr.


Economic Information
Report 7


SSuwannee County, Florida


Information For Rural Development
Population, Housing, Economy,
Labor Force, Public Sector


Food and Resource Economics Department
Florida Cooperative Extension Service and
Center for Rural Development
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville 32611


HUME LIBRARY
JAN 1 21978
.F.A.S. Unv. of Florida
Of Flrd


March 1975













ABSTRACT


This report is one of a series for selected counties in Florida
designated to compile secondary data from several sources into one
document. The purpose is twofold: first, to present useful information
in a readily usable form; and second, to provide a list of sources for
obtaining more detailed data on related topics. Subjects covered include
general social and economic characteristics of the population, housing,
the economy and labor force characteristics, and data related to the
public sector.

Key words: Florida counties, economic development, rural development,
data, information.













This publication is one of several similar reports in which data
relating to rural development in various counties in Florida are pre-
sented. It is a contribution from the Center for Rural Development in
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences at the University of
Florida.
Appreciation is expressed to Marianne Nott for organizing the
tables and typing this manuscript.














TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page


LIST OF TABLES. . . . . ... . ... ii

SUWANNEE COUNTY: AN OVERVIEW . . . ... ... vi

GENERAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION .. 1

HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS . . . . ... . .13

ECONOMY AND LABOR FORCE CHARACTERISTICS . . . .. .19

PUBLIC SECTOR CHARACTERISTICS; FINANCES, FACILITIES, SERVICES 28

MISCELLANEOUS . . . ... . . 49

SOURCES . . . . ... . . . 53



LEGEND

NA. . .Not available
--. . .Does not apply
Blank. . .Not available
A. . .Acre
Tx. .. .Tax


E.'F. McCLOSKEY is a research assistant in food and resource economics.
J. A. BROWN, JR. and R. 0. COPPEDGE are extension resource economists and
assistant professors of food and resource economics.









LIST OF TABLES

Table Page

1 Population characteristics: Age by race and
rural residence, Suwannee County, 1970. . . .... 2

2 Population estimates by age and race for Suwannee
County and the State: July 1, 1973 .... .. .. 3

3 Components of population change for Suwannee
County and Florida . . . . . 4

4 Selected population characteristics, Suwannee
County and divisions, 1970. . . . . 5

5 Years of school completed for population 25 years
and older, total and Black, Suwannee County, 1970 . 6

6 Income and poverty data, total and Black, Suwannee
County, 1970 . . . .. . 7

7 Median earnings in 1969 of persons in experienced
civilian labor force for selected occupation groups,
Suwannee County . . . .... .. .. 8

8 Labor force and occupational characteristics,
Suwannee County, 1970 . . . .... .. .. 9

9 Industry group of employed persons, Suwannee
County, 1970. . . . ... . 10

10 People in labor force by age and sex, Suwannee
County, 1970. . . . ... . . 11

11 Last occupation of experienced unemployed persons,
Suwannee County, 1970 . . . . .. 11

12 Offenses constituting the crime index, Suwannee
County, 1972. . . . .... . . 12

13 Housing profile, City of Live Oak, 1950, 1960,
and 1970. . . . .... . . 14

14 Housing characteristics, Suwannee County, 1970. . ... 15

15 Characteristics of all occupied units in urban and rural
areas, Suwannee County, 1970. . ...... .. . 15

16 Financial characteristics of housing for Suwannee
County, 1970. . . ... . ..... 16

17 Housing occupancy and facilities, Suwannee County, 1970 .17

ii







LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


18 Subsidized housing and number of Section 235 homes
mortgages, Suwannee County, 1970 . . . .

19 Number of public housing units as of December-31,
1971, Suwannee County . . . . .

20 Selected farm characteristics, Suwannee County,
1964 and 1969 . . . . . .

21 Basic labor market information, Suwannee County. . .

22 Local government payrolls and employees for Suwannee
County area, October 1967a . . . . .

23 Employment and payroll of covered workers, Suwannee
County, 1970 . . . . . .

24 Payrolls for retail and wholesale trade, Suwannee
County, 1967 . . . . . . .

25 Receipts and number of establishments for selected
services, Suwannee County, 1967 . . . .

26 Sales fo retail and wholesale trade, Suwannee County,
1967 . . . . . . . .

27 Assets and liabilities of commercial banks,
Suwannee County . . . . . .

28 Motor vehicle tags by type of vehicle, Suwannee County,
1971-72 . . . . . . .

29 Gasoline sold by fiscal year, Suwannee County. . .

30 Types of fuel used for heating, cooking, and water
heating, Suwannee County, 1970 . . . .

31 Types of water supply and sewage disposal by housing
units, Suwannee County, 1970 . . . . .

32 Public assistance by program, Suwannee County. . .

33 Tax base millages, Suwannee County, 1971 . . .

34 Comparative analysis taxable valuation of property,
Suwannee County, 1971 . . . . .

35 Assessed value of property subject to local government
property taxation, Suwannee County, 1971 . . .


27


27

29

29


30


31


Table


18


18


20

21


22


23


24


24


Page










LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table Page

36 Assessed valuation of non-exempt property as basis for
school taxes and fiscal data on effort to finance public
schools, Suwannee County, 1971-72 . .. 32

37 Revenues for Suwannee County, 1971 ... . . 32

38 Expenditures for Suwannee Conity, 1971 . .. 33

39 Revenues for the city of Live Oak, Suwannee County, 1971 34

40 Expenditures for the city of Live Oak, Suwannee
County, 1971 .......... . . .. 35

41 Distributions to Suwannee County and municipalities from
state sources and state tax collections by major sources
of revenue, 1971-72. . . . . 36

42 Distributions to county schools from Minimum Foundation
and other foundation programs, Suwannee County, 1971-72. 37

43 Federal government distributions for school programs,
Suwannee County, fiscal year ending June 30, 1972. .. .... 38

44 Schools by type, Suwannee County . . . 38

45 School enrollment by grade level and age, Suwannee
County, 1970 .. . . ... . 39

46 Enrollment, average daily attendance, average daily
membership of pupils at close of year for the fiscal
year 1971-1972, Suwannee County. . . . .. 39

47 Number of high school graduates continuing their education
and type of institution entered, Suwannee County, 1971 40

48 instructional positions in public school system,'Suwannee
County . . . . . . 41

49 Pupil mobility in public schools during one year, grades
K-12, Suwannee County, 1971-72 . . . 42

50 Characteristics of public school bus operations, grades
K-12, Suwannee County, 1971-72 . . ..... 42

51 Summary of revenues and expenditures of schools including
grades K-12, Suwannee County, fiscal year, 1972-73 .... .43

52 Disbursements of the county government for welfare,
Suwannee County, fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1971 .. 44









LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Page


Table


53 Old-age, survivors, disability, and health insurance,
by number of beneficiaries with monthly cash benefits in
current payment status by age and sex, Suwannee County,
December, 1972. . . . . ... .... 44

54 Department of Health, Education, and Welfare: Domestic
assistance program recipients and funds obligated,
Suwannee County, fiscal 1973. . . . ... 45

55 Amount paid by food stamp recipients, bonus, total, and
average value of food stamps for the month of January,


1973, Suwannee County . .


56 Professionals in state licensed health occupations,
Suwannee County, December 1973. . . .


. . 45


. .. 46


57 Existing medical facilities, number of beds, Suwannee
County, 1971. ... . . . . ... 46

58 Resident deaths from certain causes, 1972, and
incidence of certain reportable diseases, 1971,
Suwannee County . .. . . . .. 47

59 Admissions of patients to the state mental hospital
system, by type of admission, Suwannee County, 1972 . .. .48

60 Areas of selected places, Suwannee County, 1960 . ... 50

61 Farms, land in farms, and land use, by size of farm,
Suwannee County, 1969 . . .... .... ... 50

62 Forest land area: Suwannee County, 1970. . . .. 51

63 Farm sales of forest products, Suwannee County, 1969
and 1964. ... . . . . . 51

64 Weather data, Live Oak Weather Station, Suwannee County, 1973 52


. .














SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA: INFORMATION FOR RURAL
DEVELOPMENT--POPULATION, HOUSING, ECONOMY, LABOR FORCE, PUBLIC SECTOR


SUWANNEE COUNTY: AN OVERVIEW


Suwannee County is located in north central Florida in the geographical
center of four major trade areas: Tallahassee, Jacksonville, and Gainesville,
Florida and Valdosta, Georgia. The meandering Suwannee River loops around the
county, serving as its natural boundary on the north, west, and south sides.
The county measures 26 miles from east to west and 40 miles from north to south.
The total land area is 686 square miles or approximately 429,000 acres, with
an additional 1.2 square miles of inland water. The county ranks 36th in
the state in total land area.
The terrain is generally flat with the elevation ranging from a low
of 50 feet above sea level in the south to a high of 200 feet above sea level
in the northeast. The majority of the county's land is of a sandy light soil
texture.
From its beginning, Suwannee County's economy has depended upon agri-
culture. The city of Live Oak, the county seat, evolved as a crossroads
trade center and rail junction serving agriculture. The city's advantages
as a junction of three railroads also enabled it to become one of the most
important lumber manufacturing centers in Florida during the more than 30
years its virgin stand of pine timber lasted.
From 1915 to 1920 the county's population, supported by agriculture
and forestry, reached its peak. According to the U. S. Census of Agriculture,
there were 2,570 farms and a population of 20,000 in 1920. During this time,
Live Oak was the fifth largest inland city in the state.

Following this era, cotton production declined rapidly as a result of
the bollweevil infestation. Also, by 1925 much of the virgin timber stand








was exhausted. The number of farms declined 33 percent to 1,774 by 1930.
As a result of out-migration by people seeking employment opportunities,
the population also declined sharply. Recovery of agriculture was rapid with
the introduction of tobacco to the area. This crop proved a successful re-
placement to cotton and acreages increased rapidly during the 1930s. During
this time, Live Oak became Florida's largest tobacco market, a title it still
holds.
In the 1950s the county's agriculture took another serious nosedive.
The entire economy suffered and again an outward migration commenced. The
1960 census credits the county with a population of only 14,961, down 25
percent from its peak in 1920.
Another turn-around began in the 1960s. From 1960 to 1970, a 4 per-
cent increase in population was recorded. Today the county is still pre-
dominantly agricultural with a healthy economic base. There are approxi-
mately 275,000 acres in farms with the average farm comprising slightly more
than 250 acres.
The agriculture of today is quite different from that of Suwannee
County's early years. The latest technological improvements are found on
many Suwannee County farms. Agriculture is very diversified with tobacco,
corn, peanuts, soybeans, watermelons, and small grains being the principal
cash crops. Sale of crops introduce approximately $18.5 million to the
local economy. Beef cattle, swine, and poultry are the major livestock
enterprises adding another $6 million. Gross agricultural receipts total
approximately $24.5 million, making agriculture the predominant source of
income in the county.
Although the major economic thrust has been in agriculture, industry
is now becoming of increasing importance. As agriculture becomes more and
more sophisticated, many small farmers must turn to off-farm employment for
the bulk of their income. This new movement toward a balanced growth in com-
merce is aided immensely by the county's excellent geographic placement.
Suwannee County, with a present estimated population of approximately
17,000, is definitely growing. Live Oak, the county seat, with a population
of approximately 8,500, is the center of commercial and industrial activity.
Branford, on the southern end of the county, with a population of approxi-
mately 1,000, is the only other incorporated community existing in the county.
An excellent transportation network has been important in the recent
growth and development of these communities. U. S. Highway 90 and Inter-
state 10 run east and west through Live Oak in the northern part of the








county. Interstate 75 traverses the northeast corner of the county eight
miles from Live Oak. U. S. 129 bisects the county north and south through
Live Oak and Branford. U. S. 27 runs east and west through Branford, easily
linking this community with Gainesville. Two railroads, the Live Oak-Perry-
South Georgia and the Seaboard Coast Line, offer rail service to industry.
Greyhound Bus Lines also provides transportation service through the county.
Further, Live Oak serves as the terminal city to the Suwannee Valley Transit
System, one of the few rural transit systems in the nation.
Live Oak and Suwannee County, a progressive hub of agri-industry crit-
ically attuned to the requirement of today's environmental approach to in-
dustry, is constantly seeking new industrial development. During the past
five years, a number of nonpolluting industries have located in the area,
providing new jobs in the county. Presently, 27 manufacturers or large bus-
inesses in the vicinity of Live Oak employ approximately 23 percent of the
labor force.
The total nonfarm employment in Suwannee County is estimated to be
approximately 5,500. Wholesale and retail trade, with 1,680 employees rep-
resents the largest source of employment. Manufacturing in second place ac-
counts for the payrolls for approximately 1,400 persons. Food processing,
composed of poultry processing, meat processing and vegetable canning (sea-
sonal), employs over 50 percent of the 1,400 persons. Other major manufactur-
ing employers are apparel manufacturing, mining, and wood related industries.
Government ranks third with about 1,000 employees in the county. These
leading employers are followed by the service sector, transportation-com-
munication, and construction. In addition to the direct payroll paid govern-
ment employees, another $2.5 million makes its way into the county through
government transfer payments, such as social security, medicare, etc.
Recreation is another industry that offers much economic potential.
As well as hunting and fishing, Suwannee County possesses springs and under-
water caves for skin and scuba diving.

In addition to the impact of agricultural, industrial, and commercial
growth, various community facilities and assets have made a significant
contribution to the county's development.
Excellent educational opportunities, one of the strongest demands in

the social structure of any community, exist in Suwannee County. Seven
public schools provide elementary, secondary, and adult-education classes


iiii









as well as vocational training and a Headstart Program. All middle, high,
and vocational schools are accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges
and Schools. The system-wide teacher ratio is 1:21-7 with an enrollment
exceeding 4,500. In addition, two community colleges are within easy com-
muting distance of 25 miles.
Health facilities center around a modern, 75-bed hospital in Live Oak,

an up-to-date mental health facility, and the Suwannee County Health Depart-
ment. In addition, the Suwannee County Hospital Authority administers a
clinic in Branford.
The Dowling Park Retirement Home, Orphanage and Medical-care Facility
on the banks of the Suwannee River is home to 325 senior citizens and 31
children. This facility is one of the most modern in the state. A working
agreement with the College of Medicine at the University of Florida brings
doctors and interns to the facility five days a week.
Another asset of the county is the Florida Sheriffs Boys Ranch, a work-
ing ranch with facilities for 100 boys.
The Suwannee River Regional Library, complete with bookmobile, provides
an excellent source of literary material as well as access to a large inter-
library collection.
Three banks, one federal savings and loan association, farm credit
services, and a government agricultural lending agency provide needed
financial assistance to industry, agriculture, commerce, and individuals.
The spiritual needs of Suwannee County residents are aided through the
efforts of more than 25 churches representing many denominations.
In a different vein, Suwannee County is faced with problems as are most
other counties across the nation. Even with excellent educational facilities,
statistics point to the fact that only 33.6 percent of the total population
in 1970 over 25 years of age are high school graduates. This lack of education
is reflected in income earning capabilities. The 1970 Census data indicate
1,125 families in the county or 27.9 percent of all families receive incomes
below poverty level. Housing characteristics, another factor of the stand-
ard of living in a community indicate that approximately 21 percent of the
total housing units in the county are substandard with the median value of
all dwellings being approximately $8,000.00
The structure and nature of communities in Florida are undergoing
drastic changes as a result of rapid population growth. Population pro-
jections indicate approximately 10 million people will be residing in Florida









by the early 1980s. This represents a 22 percent projected increase in pop-
ulation between 1975 and the early 1980s. Ninety-one percent of this growth
will come from inward migration. As a result, Suwannee County will probably
experience some of this influx of people. One of the most demanding prob-
lems facing local citizens and governments is how to accommodate this new
growth.
For future growth and development to be beneficial, it must be planned
for and encouraged to be a contribution to the community. It is important
that citizens of Suwannee County understand that they can have an effect on
the quantity and quality of growth which they may desire for their county.
It is anticipated that this Rural Development Information Report will pro-
vide needed information and sources of reference to help in making commun-
ity decisions concerning the future welfare of this county and its citizens.







































GENERAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION














Table 1.--Population characteristics: Age by race and rural
residence, Suwannee County, 1970


Age group Total Black Rural (farm
and nonfarm)

Under 5 years ...... 1,334 392 700
5-9 . . .. 1,562 474 815
10-14 . ... 1,686 476 924
15-19 . ... 1,528 396 945
20-24 . ... .982 179 439
25-29 . ... .812 129 403
30-34. ........ 797 170 439
35-39 . ... 715 141 429
40-44 . ... .816 145 489
45-49. . ... 884 174 473
50-54 . ... 875 193 460
55-59 . ... 850 184 615
60-64 . ... .836 165 431
65 and over. ..... 1,882 444 1,098
Total . ... 15,559 3,662 8,729
Median age ...... 29.2 NA NA


Source: [23, Table 35].














Table 2.--Population estimates by
and the State: July 1,


age and race for Suwannee County
1973


Age group County Florida


All races: - Number - -
0-14 years. . . 4,724 1,826,268
15-24 years . ... 2,872 1,295,634
25-44 years . ... 3,293 1,776,550
45-64 years . ... 3,521 1,693,155
65 and over ...... .. 2,152 1,253,487
All ages . ... 16,561 7,845,093
White:
0-14 years. .... .. 3,383 1,430,429
15-24 years ...... .. 2,173 1,063,443
25-44 years ...... .. 2,724 1,521,526
45-64 years ...... .. 2,842 1,517,212
65 and over . . 1,677 1,173,231
All ages . .. 12,799 6,705,839
Nonwhite:
0-14 years. .... .. 1,341 395,839
15-24 years ...... .. 699 232,190
25-44 years ...... .. 569 255,025
45-64 years ...... .. 679 175,943
65 and over ... .. 474 80,257
All ages . .. 3,762 1,139,254


Source: [2, p. 2-3].














Table 3.--Components of population change for Suwannee County and
Florida


Item County. Florida


Population: - Number -
Census (1970). . ... 15,559 6,790,929
Estimate (1973). ..... 16,561 7,845,092
Components of change:
Total change . ... 1,002 1,054,163
Births . . ... .1,028 366,528
Deaths . .... .. .. 625 258,453
Natural increase .. 403 108,075
Net migrationc . 599 946,088
Migration as percentage of 1973
estimated . .. 3.62 12.06

aApril 1, 1970 to July 1, 1973.
bBirths minus deaths.
OTotal change minus natural increase.
dNet migration divided by 1973 population estimate times 100.
Source: [2, p. 4].













Table 4.--Selected population characteristics, Suwannee County and divisions, 1970


Branford Dowling Live Oak McAlpin-
Characteristics Unit Park Wellborn County
division division division division

Population ...... No. 2,104 2,055 9,118 2,282 15,559
Sex:
Male . .... No. 1,022 998 4,362 1,124 7,506
Female . .. No. 1,082 1,057 4,756 1,158 8,053
Race:
White. . ... No. 1,811 1,952 6,432 1,681 11,876
Black. . ... No. 285 102 2,679 596 3,662
Other. . ... No. 8 1 7 5 21
Age:
Under 18 years % 33.8 31.8 37.1 36.4 NA
18 to 64 years % 53.5 50.8 52.1 51.5 NA
65 years and over. .. % 12.7 17.4 10.8 12.1 NA
In group quartersa No. 0 110 103 11 224
Households:
Total. . ... No. 702 639 2,829 685 4,855
Black and other. No. 94 29 742 155 1,020
Population in households:
Total. . ... No. 2,104 1,945 9,015 2,271 15,335
Black and other. No. 293 103 2,673 601 3,670


aAll living arrangements other than households.


Source: [23, Table 33].













Table 5.--Years of school completed for population 25 years and
older, total and Black, Suwannee County, 1970


__ I


Years of education for
population 25 years
and older


-4


Total population:
No school years com-
pleted . .
Elementary:
1 to 4 years .
5 to 7 years .
8 years. . .
High school:
1 to 3 years .
4 years. . .
College:
1 to 3 years .
4 years or more.
Total . .
Median school years
completed. .


Male Female


- Number -


111

546
742
606

659
818

177
225
3,884

8.9


126

288
795
'638

1,098
1,121

254
246
4,566

10.2


237

834
1,537
1,244

1,757
1,939

431
471
8,450

NA


Total


Percent


2.8

9.9
18.2
14.7

20.8
22.9

5.1
5.6
100.0


Percent high school
graduates. ... 31.4 35.5 33.6

Black population:
No school years com-
pleted ..... 69 69 138 7.9
Elementary:
1 to 4 years. 248 173 421 24.4
5 to 7 years. 196 267 463 26.8
8 years ..... 70 98 168 9.7
High school:
1 to 3 years. .. 86 186 272 15.7
4 years ..... 42 117 159 9.2
College:
1 to 3 years. 26 20 46 2.7
4 years or more 6 55 61 3.5
Total . .. 743 985 1,728 100.0
Median school years
completed . 5.7 7.7 NA

Percent high school
graduates .... .. 10.0 19.5 15.3

Source: [24, Tables 120, 125].


I


---------














Table 6.--Income and poverty data, total and Black, Suwannee County,
1970


Item Unit Black Total


Persons . . .. No. 3,662 15,559
Per capital income. ..... $ $990 $2,281
Families by income class:
Under $3,999 . .. No. 476 1,406
$4,000-$5,999. ...... No. 130 642
$6,000-$11,999 ....... No. 126 1,377
$12,000 and over ..... No. 29 611
Total . . ... No. 761 4,036
Median family income $ $3,132 $5,903
Income below poverty level (bpl,
Families below poverty level No. 471 1,125
Percent of all families. % 61.9 27.9
Mean family income .. $ $2,077 $1,889
Civilian male head less than
65 years ... .. . No. 257 594
Mean size of family. ... No. 4.81 4.10
Families with female head. No. 132 269
Percent families receiving
public assistance income % 26.3 23.6
Unrelated individuals. No. 217 607
Persons below poverty level. No. 2,483 5,224
Receiving Social Security
income . .. % 12.8 18.2
65 years and over. .. % 12.9 18.3
Receiving Social Security
income which are 65
years and over .. % 67.3 68.8

Source: [24, Tables 124, 125, 128, 119].













Table 7.--Median earnings in 1969 of persons in experienced civilian
labor force for selected occupation groups, Suwannee County


Occupation Earnings


Dollars
Male, 16 years and older with earnings a .. 4,673
Professional, managerial and kindred .. 8,000
Craftsmen, foremen and kindred . .... 5,342
Operatives, including transport. ....... 4,257
Laborers except farm . .. .. . 3,053
Farmers and farm managers. ...... ... .3,228
Farm laborers, except unpaid and farm foremen. 2,041
Female, 16 years and older with earnings a 2,502
Clerical and kindred . . .... .3,279
Operatives, including transport. . . 2,517


not shown


aIncludes persons in other occupation groups,
separately.
Source: [24, Table 122].














Table 8.--Labor force and occupational characteristics, Suwannee County,
1970


Labor force characteristics County City of State
Live Oak

- Number - -
Total labor force, 16 yrs. and
over. . . .. 5,703 2,762 2,621,554
Male. . . ... 3,504 1,577 1,609,360
Female. . . .. 2,199 1,185 1,012,194
Civilian labor force. . 5,703 2,762 2,521,245
Number employed . .. 5,585 2,694 2,426,268
Percent employed. ..... 97.9 97.5 96.2
Number unemployed . .. 118 68 94,977
Percent unemployed. . 2.1 2.5 3.8
Occupation of employed:
Professional, technical, and
kindred workers ... .. 518 261 335,254
Managers and administrators
except farm . .. 413 255 228,885
Sales workers . .. 377 229 211,110
Clerical and kindred. ... 731 378 433,434
Craftsmen, foremen and kindred
workers . . .. 740 331 351,331
Operatives, except transport. 518 267 209,699
Transport equipment operatives. 242 132 88,895
Laborers, except farm . 281 176 127,186
Farmers and farm managers 580 38 16,566
Farm laborers and farm foremen. 336 109 66,747
Service workers except private
household .......... 620 342 303,620
Private household workers 229 176 59,541
Total . . .. 5,585 2,694 2,426,268


Source: [24, Tables 117, 118, 121, 122].








10










Table 9.--Industry group of employed persons, Suwannee County, 1970



Industry Total Black

- Number - -

Total employed, 16 yrs. and older. . ... 5,585 1,142
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries . .. 981 238
Minini g . . . . . 168 30
Co s LI auction . . . . 400 43
Manufacturing:
Durable goods:
Furniture, lumber, and wood products . 169 113
Metal industries . . . 16 0
Machinery except electrical. . .. .25 0
Electrical machinery, equipment and supplies 48 0
Transportation euqipment . . .. 33 0
Other durable goods. . ... .. .. 2 2 11
Nondurable goods:
Food and kindred products. . . ... 312 76
Textiles and fabricated textile products 37 0
Printing, publishing, and allied industries. 3 0
Chemicals and allied products. . ... 43 NA
Other nondurable goods a/. . . ... 31 5
Total manufacturing industries . ... .755 205
Railroads and railway express services .. 37 0
Trucking services and warehousing. . ... 19 9
Other transportation . .... .. . 70 27
Communications . . . .. 138 30
Utilities and sanitary services . ... 99
Wholesale trade. . . . ... 145 27
Food, bakery, and dairy stores . . .. 185 8
Eating and drinking places . . .. 162 44
General merchandise retailing. . . 86 0
Motor vehicle retailing and service stations 225 0
Other retail trade . .. . 260 48
Banking and credit agencies. . . .. 118 0
Insurance, real estate, and other finance. .. 110 9
Business and repair. . ... .. 94 11
Private households . . .... . 214 172
Other personal services. ... ..... .. 117 41
Entertainment and recreation . . ... .20 0
Hospitals . . .. . 153 41
Health services, except hospitals. ....... .140 0
Education, government. . . ... 470
Education, private . . . .. 22 104
Other education and kindred. . .... 0
Welfare, religious, and other nonprofit membership
organizations . . .... .. . 105 29
Legal, engineering, and miscellaneous professions. 59
Public administration. . ... .. 233 26


a/ Includes not specified manufacturing industries.
Source: [24, Tables 123, 127].
















Table 10.--People in labor force by age and sex, Suwannee County,
1970


Age category Malea Femaleb

- Percent -
14 and 15 years old .. 11.2 3.9
16 and 17 years old .. 27.0 10.7
18 and 19 years old .. 58.9 50.0
20 and 21 years old ... 72.8 40.3
22 to 24 years old. .. 93.4 58.9
25 to 34 years old. . 97.0 45.4
35 to 44 years old. .. 90.7 52.9
45 to 64 years old. .. 79.4 50.5
65 years and over . 24.3 4.0
Total . . ... .70.8 38.9

a Percent of total male labor force in respective age category.
b Percent of total female labor force in respective age category.

Source: [24, Table 121].


Table ll.--Last occupation of experienced
Suwannee County, 1970


unemployed persons,


Last occupation of experienced Me F e
Male Female Total
unemployed 16 yrs. old and over

- Number -
Professional, technical and managerial
workers . . .. 4 0 4
Sales workers. . . .. 10 0 10
Clerical and kindred workers .. 0 14 14
Craftsmen, foremen and kindred workers 10 0 10
Operatives, including transport. 11 0 11
Laborers, except farm. . ... 23 0 23
Farm workers . . ... 11 0 11
Service workers including private
household. . . ... 5 13 18
Total . . . ... .74 27 101


10 years ago, not


Source: [24, Table 123].


aIncludes persons who last worked more than
shown separately.
















Table 12.--Offenses constituting
1972


the crime index, Suwannee County,


Unincor-
Item County ported Live Oak
area

Total crime indexa . ... .176 140 36
Percent index change 1971-72 -5.4 42.9 -59.1
Number of offenses:
Murder . . . .1 1 0
Forcible rape. . ... 3 3 0
Robbery. . . . 3 3 0
Aggravated assault ...... 19 19 0
Breaking and entering. ..... 104 70 34
Larceny, $50 and over. .... 38 36 2
Auto theft . . .. 8 8 0
Crime rate per 100,000 popula-
tion . . . 1,107.3 1,578.4 512.5
Percent rate change 1971-72. -6.3 42.2 -59.8
Percent cleared. . ... 43.8 49.3 22.2

a The crime index is the total number of actual offenses or
incidents known to law enforcement officers, not the number of persons
who committed them nor the number of injuries they caused.
b Includes those unincorporated jurisdictions which report this
information to the law enforcement agency responsible in that geographic
jurisdiction.
Source: 1, Table 18.034].








































HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS















Table 13.--Housing profile, City of Live Oak, 1950, 1960, and 1970


Item 1950 1960 1970 Change,
1960 to 1970

% of total
- Number - Percent
units

Population. .... 4,064 6,544 6,830 --- 4.4
Total housing units 1,293 2,040 2,362 100.0 15.8
Total occupied. 1,198 1,890 2,182 92.4 15.4
Owner occupied. 690 1,306 1,569 66.4 20.1
Renter occupied 508 584 613 25.9 4.9
Total Black
occupied .. 331 571a 646 27.3 13.1
Black owner
occupied. 178 385a 436 18.5 13.2
Black renter
occupied. 153 186a 210 8.9 12.9
Vacant ... 92 150 180 7.6 20.0
Single family NA NA NA NA NA
Multi-family. NA NA NA NA NA
Mobile homes. 6 NA 110 4.7 NA
Public housing. NA NA NA NA NA
Persons per house-
hold . .. 3.4 3.5 3.1 --- -11.4
Persons per occupied
unit:
City of Live Oak. 3.0 3.4 3.1 --- -8.8
Suwannee County 2.9 3.5 3.2 --- -8.6
Florida . .. 3.25 3.11 2.90 --- -6.8

a 1960 data listed as "non-white".

Sources: [19, 17, 22, 23,18 21].















Table 14.--Housing characteristics, Suwannee County, 1970


Percent of
Characteristic -Number total units


Units built before 1940. ........ 1,667 31.9
Units lacking some or all plumbing . 1,134 21.7
Units with incomplete kitchen facilities or
used by another household. ..... 714 13.7
Units with 1.01 or more persons per room 520 10.7
Substandard units . . ... 976 20.1
Value/rent ratios:
Number of units valued at 2.5 times or
more the owners' incomes ..... .487 25.5
Number of units renting for 25% or more
the renters' incomes . ... 297 30.3
Median number of persons in:
All occupied units . . .. 2.6 --
Owner occupied units . ... 2.6 --
Renter occupied units. . ... 2.7 -
Median household income. . ... .$4,708
Ratio of number of poverty level families
per subsidized housing unit. ...... 8.5:1 --
Number of subsidized housing units:
Owner occupied . . ... .9 .2
Renter occupied. . . ... 124 10.2


Source: [8].


Table 15.--Characteristics of all occupied units in urban and rural
areas, Suwannee County, 1970


Characteristic of occupied unit Rural Urban Total

- Number - -
Lacking one or more plumbing facility 513 480 993
1.51 or more persons per room 84 75 159
Lacking one or more plumbing facility
and/or having 1.51 or more persons
per room:
Number . . . 548 502 1,050
Percent of total units . .. 20.5 23.0 21.6
Total occupied units ... . .2,673 2,182 4,855


,nu-rrPc 1 r1/ 1-,













Table 16.--Financial characteristics of housing for Suwannee County,
1970


Item


Contract rent
Less than $30. .
$30 to $39 . .
$40 to $59 . .
$60 to $79 . .
$80 to $99 . .
$100 to $149 . .
$150 or more . .
No cash rent .. ..
Total renter occupied.
Median rent. . .
Value
Less than $5,000 .
$5,000 to $9,999 .
$10,000 to $14,999 .
$15,000 to $19,999
$20,000 to $24,999 .
$25,000 to $34,999 .
$35,000 or more .
Total owner occupied .
Median value . .


Rural Total


88
43
33
73
0
0
0
80
364
$54


224
182
95
34
26
5
19
585
$6,500


Number of units -
215
147
208
120
30
18
0
239
977
$41


616
555
415
156
84
39
43
1,908
$7,800


Source: [19, p. 239].


"














Table 17.--Housing occupancy and facilities, Suwannee County, 1970



Item Rural Total


Occupancy: Number Percent
All housing units. .... ... 2,865 5,227 100.0
Vacant, seasonal and migratory 0 0 0
Owner occupied .. . 2,068 3,637 69.6
Renter occupied. . ... 605 1,218 23.3
Vacant year round. . ... 192 372 7.1
Population in housing units. ... 8,615 15,457 100.0
Per unit . . ... ... 3.2 3.2
Owner occupied . . .. 3.2 3.2
Renter occupied. . ... 3.5 3.3
Persons per room, all occupied units 2,673 4,855 100.0
1.00 persons or less . .. 2,336 4,303 88.6
1.01 to 1.50 persons . .. 253 393 8.1
1.51 or more . . .. .84 159 3.3
Facilities:
Lacking some or all plumbing
facilities . . .. .588 1,134 21.7
Telephone available . .. 1,733 3,245 62.1
Air conditioning . .. .822 1,771 33.9
Median number of rooms . 5.0 5.1 -
Median value . . $6,500 $7,800
Median gross rent. .. .. .$60 $61

a Owner occupied units.
b Specified renter occupied; excludes one-family homes on 10 acres
or more.
Source: [19, Tables 60, 61, 62].






18







Table 18.--Subsidized housing and number of Section 235 home
mortgages, Suwannee County, 1970


Item Number


Subsidized rental units (under management,
construction, or commitment, all programs). .. .124
Units in insured projects eligible for rent
supplement (under management or commitment) NA
Families with income less than poverty level. .... 1,125
Mean family income. . . .... .. $1,889
Section 235 home mortgages:
In 1969 . . . . . .0
In 1970 . . . . . 0
In 1971 . . . . . 3
In 197 a . . . . . 6
Total . . . . . 9

a The count is for only 6 months.

Source: r 14].




Table 19.--Number of public housing units as of December 31, 1971,
Suwannee County


Housing unit Number


Total . . . . .. 124
Elderly .. . . .... .0
Under development:
Pre-construction . . . 0
Construction . . .. 0
Under management . . . 124
Elderly . . . . 0
Subsidized rental units. .. . . 124
Units in insured projects eligible for rent
supplement . . . . NA


Source: [14, p. 6].



































ECONOMY AND LABOR FORCE

CHARACTERISTICS


















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Cd I44 0
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Table 21.--Basic labor market information,


Item



Total population. . . .
Civilian labor force. . . .
Total unemployed. . . .
Unemployment rate, percent. . .
Total employment. . . .
Nonagricultural employment. . .
Wage and salary workers . .
Manufacturing . . ... .
Construction . . .
Transportation and public utilities .
Wholesale and retail trade. . .
Finance, insurance and real estate.
Service and other wage and salary .
Government . . ...
All other nonagricultural . .
Agricultural employment . . .
Self-employed and unpaid family workers
Wage and salary workers (hired labor)


March 1971 March 1972


Number -
15,600 15,800
5,780 6,320
140 140
2.4 2.2
5,640 6,180
4,960 5,320
4,160 4,480
440 460
160 140
400 380
1,460 1,680
180 180
680 640
840 1,000
800 840
680 860
540 720
140 140


Source: [7 ].


___
__


Suw~annee County






22






Table 22.--Local government payrolls and employees for Suwannee County
area, October 1967a


tem Payrolls and
Item
employees

Payroll: Dollars
October payroll. . . ... 311,000
Education . . ... 164,000
Teachers only. . . .. 134,000
Functions other than education 146,000
Average monthly earnings, full time
employees:
Teachers . . . ... 575
Others . . . ... 380
Local government employees: Number

Total. . . . ... 797
Full time. . . . 635
Part-time. . . ... 162
Full time equivalent employment .. 706
Education. . . ... 337
Teachers only. . . .. 234
Functions other than education 369
Highways . . ... .46
Public welfare . . 7
Hospitals. . . .... .96
Health . . ... ... .0
Police protection. . ... 38
Fire protection. . . ... 35
Sewerage . . ... 16
Sanitation other than sewerage 25
Parks and recreation . .. 14
Natural resources. . . 4
Housing and urban renewal. . 2
Correction . . . 0
Libraries. . . . 8
Financial administration .. 23
General control . . 17
Water supply . . .. 0
Other utilities. . .. 0
Other and unallocable. . 38


a In general, local governments account for more than one-half of
all civilian employment. Includes county and municipal employees.
Source: [26, Table 20].













Table 23.--Employment and payroll of covered workers, Suwannee County,
1970

Employing Total Average
Industry units, quarter annual monthly
average payroll employment
Number Dollars Number
Agriculture, forestry, and
fisheries ..... 0 0 0
Mininig ......... 0.. 0 0
Contract construction. 13 517,247 92
Manufacturing. ... 31 1,672,752.98 374
Transportation, communica-
tion, electric, gas, and
sanitary services. 9 2,037,539.55 334
Wholesale trade. .. 11 2,747,830.99 582
Retail trade . 88 2,975,306.26 699
Finance, insurance, and
real estate. ..... 10 966,646.04 152
Services . 18 421,410.08 97
State and federal govern-
ment . ... 3 246,949.39 31
Other nonmanufacturing 4 819,983.99 137
Total, all industries. 187 12,435,666.65 2,498

a Services include hotels and other lodging places, personal services,
miscellaneous business services, miscellaneous and auto repair services,
motion pictures, amusement and recreation, medical and health services,
legal services, educational services, nonprofit membership organizations,
miscellaneous services.
Source: [ 9, p. 162-163].















,o: ':-ail and wholesale trade, Suwannee County,


K 1at i p O M... . .. . .
W't" v yro . . . .

Paii 1.'n*'.l. ':.s -reeak including March 12. .
Whole: .i.:e t- e-le
7 P !K 1 ; .; :in -n . . .


P i ] !n,


N.ek n-:oTluding March 12. .


Number


188
72.3%
$2,287,000
697

20
$286,000
69


~- -, y J '


Table 2 ',-Rca .ic and number of establishments for selected
:'P"-,. ce' Su ,-, ~nee County, 1967


I ,i -; i



W tA- QVV.. Ard camps . . .
1W~ 01 ', 1, IO7 7n O A es


AwtC 2 1 1 --rna l iclauiiuding movies

Wn W7 Cl r yea ,
P"7 .P 4-lcl i n igMarch 12


Number


60
48.3%

$993,000
1.1%
80.5%

NA
NA
NA

$245,000
91


mndy ca businesses not shown separately.


~----


010cred selvices


I,,
















Table 26.--Sales of retail-and wholesale trade, Suwannee County, 1967


Trade


Retail trade:
Establishments with payroll. . .
Total sales by establishments:
Food stores . . . .
Automotive dealers . . .
General merchandise stores . .
Eating and drinking places .. ....
Gasoline service stations. . .
Furniture, home furnishings, and equip-
ment dealers . . . .
Building materials, hardware, farm equip-
ment dealers . . . .
Apparel and accessory stores . .
Drug stores and proprietary stores .
Total sales, all establishments a .
Change of sales from 1963-1967 . .
Wholesale trade:
Total sales . . . .
Merchant wholesalers . . .


Percent


94.1

19.9
27.4
2.9
3.4
11.4

3.6

8.0
3.9
4.5
2_2_620000
30.4


.13 428000
7.6


a Total includes businesses not listed separately.

Source: [25, pp. 98-99].





Table 27.--Assets and liabilities of commercial banks, Suwannee County


February
Item
1972 1973
- Dollars -
Loans and discounts. 16,696,000 19,374,000
Total deposits . .. .22,825,000 40,618,000
Time deposits. ..... 8,227,000 23,213,000
Demand deposits. .... 2,807,000 17,405,000


Source: [1, Table 6.202].

















Table 28.--Motor vehicle tags y typ of vehicle, Suwannee County,
1971-72


Vehicle


Coun ty


Florida


Passenger cars .
Buses . .....
Trucks . .....
Trailers . .
Motorcycles . .
Demonstrators and misc.
Total . . .


-Number -
7,067
28


S189
196

e i. 867


Source: [1, Table 16.312].


Table 29.--Gasoline sold


Fiscal year


1959-1960. . .
1967-1968 . .
1968-1969. . .
1969-1970 . .
1970-1971 ..
1.971-1972 . .


by fisc.l yesr, Suwannee County


Volume


Gallons
6,038,000
10,387,000
11,551,000
16,020,000
11,722,000
13,509,000


Source: [1, Table 7.192].


3,892,619
10,753
592,860
691,834
125,716
46,520
5,360,302


-- ---------------


--------------------------


--------------














Table 30.--Types of fuel used for heating, cooking, and water heating,
Suwannee County, 1970

House Water
Item heating heating Cooking Total

Fuel: - Number of units -
Utility gas . ... 1,087 450 665 2,202
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.a 650 25 34 709
Electricity . .. 213 2,590 2,092 4,895
Bottled, tank, or LP gas 2,406 750 1,785 4,941
Other fuelb . .. 322 0 102 424
No fuel . .. 0 863 0 863
Total . . .. 4,678 4,678 4,678 ---

aIncludes also gasoline, alcohol, and other combustible fuels.
bIncludes coal, coke, wood, and any fuel not separately listed.
Source: [1, Table 8.692 and 19, Table 62].










Table 31.--Types of water supply and sewage disposal by housing units,
Suwannee County, 1970


Item Total


Water source: Number
Public system or private company. .. 2,659
Individual well . . .. .2,489
Other . . .... . .79
Total . . . .. 5,227
Sewage disposal:
Public sewer . . 1,392
Septic tank or cesspool . .... 3,084
Other . . . .. 751
Total . . . . .5,227


Sources: [ Table 8.692 and 19, Table 62].






































PUBLIC SECTOR CHARACTERISTICS;

FINANCES, FACILITIES, SERVICES














Table 32.--Public assistance by program, Suwannee County


Cases or Payments
Program
Programrecipients Total Average

Number Dollars -
Old Age Assistance (72-73). 342a 266,968 65.05
Aid to the Blind (72-73). ia 11,985 90.80
Aid to the Disabled (72-73) 99a 93,375 78.60
Aid to Families with Dependent
Children (72-73) 531a 132,300 20.76
Total direct assistance 983a 504,628 42.78
Social Security (12-71) 2,874 243,000 102.00
Enrollment in Health Insurance
Program for the Aged
(Medicare, 1970) type:
Hospital and/or medical
insurance . .. 2,046 634,000 NA
Hospital insurance 2,033 476,000 NA
Supplementary medical insur. 1,959 158,000 NA
Old-Age, Survivors, Disability,
and Health Insurance Benefi-
ciaries (6-30-72):
Retired workers . .. 1,366 176,000 NA
Disabled workers .... 232 37,000 NA
Others . . 1,476 112,000 NA

a Average recipients per month.
b Dependents of retired and disabled workers, survivors, and
special age 72 beneficiaries.
Sources: [1, Tables 17.172, 17.392, 17.832; 25, p. 94, 10 p. 12].




-Table 33.--Tax base millages, Suwannee County, 1971



Type Tax base


Mills
Total general millage. . . 18.10
County general millage . .. 8.10
School general millage . .. 10.00
Percent change in total general
millage 1971-70. . . 3.64


Source: [1, Table 20.382].












Table 34.--Comparative analysis taxable valuation of property, Suwannee County, 1971


Property County City of Live Oak Florida


% of tota
Dollars %ot Dollars % of total property
property
Non-exempt real estate. .. 43,331,465 42.26 12,316,465 39.17 58.96
Personal property .... 24,842,104 24.23 4,407,434 14.02 10.97
Railroad, telegraph and
private car lines ... 3,867,991 3.78 490,745 1.56 .50
Total all non-exempt value. 72,041,560 70.27 17,214,644 54.75 70.43
Homestead exempt property 15,105,410 17.73 5,983,875 19.03 11.62
All exempt property ex-
cluding homestead . 15,383,280 15.00 8,246,540 26.22 17.95
Total exempt property 30,488,690 32.73 14,230,415 45.25 29.57
Total value all property. 102,530,250 100.00 31,445,059 100.00 100.00
Total 1971 taxes levied 1,541,908 --- 129,117 -- --

Source: [1? pp. 5-8, 26-29].














Table 35.--Assessed value of property subject to local government
property taxation, Suwannee County, 1971


Item


1-


Gross assessed value (before partial
exemptions):
Total, including state assessed property
Locally assessed property:
Real property . . . .
Personal property . . .
Tax exempt proportion of locally assessed
value:
Real property . . . .
Personal property . . .
Assessed value subject to tax after deduc-
tion of partial exemptions:
Total . . ... *.. .
State assessed property . . .
Locally assessed property (total) .
Real property . . .
Personal property . . .
Percent of assessed value subject to tax
(total 100% for each area):
State assessed property . . .
Locally assessed property :
Real property . . . .
Personal property . . .


Assessed value


Dollars

104,208,000

75,492,000
24,848,000


15,259,000
6,000


88,943,000
3,868,000
85,075,000
60,233,000
24,842,000

Percent

4.3

67.7
27.9


Source: [28, Table 4].













Table 36.--Assessed valuation of non-exempt property as basis for
school taxes and fiscal data on effort to finance public
schools, Suwannee County, 1971-72


Item


Non-exempt assessed valuation of property:
1970-71. . . . . .
1971-72 . . . . .
County percent increase from 1962-1972 .
County percent of state total in 1972. .
Valuation per pupil in average daily
attendance 1971-72 . . .
Percent of county revenue from local sources
Required local effort per pupil in average
daily attendance (1971-72) . .
Local effort required to participate in
Minimum Foundation Program (1971-72) .


Amount


$68,891,000
$72,042,000
368.67
0.16

$18,242
20.38

$72.88

$295,000


Source: [ 1 Table 4.462].


Table 37.--Revenues for Suwannee County, 1971


Item Revenue


Total millage. . . . 9.96 mills
Assessment: Dollars
Exempt . . . ..30,488,690
Non-exempt . . . 72,051,767
Ad valorem . . ... .686,497
Tax redemptions. . . ... 1,529
Special tax. . . .. 0
Tax delinquent lands . .. 0
Utility . . ... 0
Cigarette tax. . . ... 6,570
Fees . . . .... . 107,904
Licenses and permits . .... 8,619
Fines and forfeitures. . 64,063
Investment . . ... 1,883
Federal revenue. . . 0
State revenue. . . .. 388,217
Other. . . . ... 79,379
Total revenue. . . ... 1,344,670


Source: [6].


- -- i I














Table 38.--Expenditures for Suwannee County, 1971


Expenditures


1-


General government:
Current. . .
Capital outlay . .
Total. . . .

Public safety:
Court . . .
Sheriff's office .
Other . . .
Total . . .

Public works . .
Health and welfare .
Culture and recreation .
Economic development .
Payments for debt service.
Other . .
Total expenditure. .


Source: [6].


Dollars


248,239
39,254
287,493


49,640
134,700
18,345
153,045

378,968
45,562
52,896
51,221
11,888
75
1,030,788














Table 39.--Revenues for the city of Live Oak, Suwannee County, 1971



Revenues Unit City of Live Oak
Total Per capital

Population. . ... No. 6,830
City employees. . ... No. 62
Exempt valuation. . ... $ $14,004,065 $2,050.38
Non-exempt valuation .. $ 17,017,110 2,491.52
Operating millage . .. Mills 6.00 16.7
Total millage . .. Mills 8.00 --
Total ad valorem. . ... $ 133,747 19.58
Utility service tax .. $ 94,152 13.79
Franchise fees. . ... $ NA NA
Utility fees ...... ... $ 221,206 32.39
Licenses and permits. ... $ 30,094 4.41
Fines and forfeitures . $ 28,050 4.11
Investment income . .. $ 10,481 1.53
Enterprise funds. . $ 34,068 4.99
Other revenues . .. $ 23,760 3.48
State shared:
Cigarette tax . .. $ 120,109 17.59
Gasoline tax. . ... $ 3,323 .49
Total revenues. . $ 726,519 106.37

Source: [6).














Table 40.--Expenditures for the city of Live Oak, Suwannee County, 1971


Expenditures City of Live Oak
Expenditures
Total Per capital
- Dollars -
General government. ..... 94,540 13.84
Public safety ........ 145,901 21.36
Public works ... . 355,991 52.12
Health and welfare. ..... 3,900 .57
Culture and recreation .. 9,685 1.42
Subsidies to enterprises. 0 0
Other expenses. ... .. .. 4,157 .61
Debt service. . ... 132,556 19.41
Total expenditures. . .. 746,730 109.33
Debt:
Debt millage. . ... 2.00 --
General obligation bonds. 105,000 15.37
Revenue bonds ....... 944,000 138.21
Other bonds .... .. 70,000 10.25
Total bonds ..... .. 1,119,000 163.84

Enterprise funds:
Enterprise income .. 154,843 22.67
Enterprise expenditure. 120,843 17.69


Source: [6].













Table 41.--Distributions to Suwannee County and municipalities from
state sources and state tax collections by major sources
of revenue, 1971-72


Item County City of Live Oak


Source of distribution


Total gasoline, special fuel
and motor fuel tax. .
2 gas & special fuel tax to
State Board of Admin. for
County Road Bonds .. ...
7th gas & special fuel tax .
8th motor fuel tax . .
Auto mileage tax to Board of
Administration . .
Beverage licenses . .
Mosquito, control-state
matching . . .
Gas and oil production tax.
Insurance agents county
license tax . .
Cigarette tax . .
Othera . . .
Total . . .
Source of revenue
Sales and use tax . .
Gasoline taxes. . .
Motor vehicle licenses. .
Racing taxes. . .
Cigarette taxes . .
Documentary stamp taxes .
Documentary stamp tax:
surtax . ... .
Hunting and fishing licenses.
Occupational licenses .
Intangible taxes. . .
Total . . .


- Dollars -


.652,381.57


410,766.47
215,009.30
26,605.80

10,094.24
393.00

19,824.26
0

632.16
6,971.88
0
690,297.11


1,223,780.48
1,075,558.88
311,992.76
0
279,466.13
75,655.75

10,271.25
26,373.25
7,042.96
42,064.66
3,052,206.12


27,501.13

75.00
334.40


126,328.27
7,191.08
27,501.13


Fund and Municipal


aOther includes Firemen's Relief and Pension
Police Officer's Retirement Fund.

Source: [ 4 pp. 368-369, 372-379, 364-365].













Table 42.--Distributions to county schools from Minimum Foundation
and other foundation programs, Suwannee County, 1971-72


Item Distribution


General revenue appropriations: Dollars
Grades K-12:
Instructional salaries. ..... 1,180,739.00
Transportation . . ... .86,481.00
Other current expenses. ..... 473,263.00
Educational improvement expenses. 342,928.00
Average daily attendance supplement 44,640.00
EIEaschool lunch supplement .. .. 29,134.27
County school sales tax fund .... 104,825.00
Total K-12 (exclusive of capital
outlay and debt service) .. 2,262,010.27
Additional capital outlay .. 0
Junior colleges . . .. 0
Driver education. . ... 7,066.40
Total from General Revenue Fund . 2,269,076.67
County Capital Outlay and Debt Service
School Fund:
Capital outlay . . ... 31,778.27
Board of Administration Debt Service. 48,888.56
Interest on investments . .. 629.00
Total from Trust Fund . ... 81,295.83
Total from state funds. . ... 2,350,372.50


aMatching state funds for federal government reduced price
lunches.


Source: [4, pp. 366-367].















Table 43.--Federal government distributions for school programs,
Suwannee County, fiscal year ending June 30, 1972


Program Distributions


Dollars
Educational Aid Trust Funda .. .......251,395.00
Food and nutrition services:
Elementary and secondary education, aid to
counties . . . . .151,636.96
Manpower development training, vocational education,
aid to counties . . . 0
Total . . . . . 403,031.96


a Includes: Adult Basic Education Funds, Civil Defense, U. S.
Elementary and Secondary Education, U. S. Vocational Education Act of 1963,
National Defense Education Act Funds, and Veterans, U.S. Funds,
b Does not include $413.12 cancellations and restorations.

Source: [4, p. 3801.





Table 44.--Schools by type, Suwannee County
---*


Type of school


Kindergarten only. .......
Elementary only. . .
Elementary and high school:
Elementary and junior high .
Elementary and senior high
High school only:
Junior high . . .
Senior high . .
Junior-senior high .. ....
4-year high . .
Total . .
Kindergartens counted as part of


elementary school


1971-72


Number
0
4

0
0

0
0
0
1
5
2


aElementary and secondary departments each counted as a school.

Source: [ 3 p. 16].











Table 45.--Schooi enrollment by grade level and age, Suwannee County,
1970


School enrollment


Total enrolled, 3-34 years.
Nursery school . .
Public . . .
Kindergarten. . .
Public . . .
Elementary, 1-8 years .
Public . . .
High school, 1-A years. .
Public . . .
College . . .


Percent enrolled, 3-34 years.
3 and 4 years old . .
5 and 6 years old . .
7 to 13 years old . .
14 and 15 years old ..
16 and 17 years old ..
18 and 19 years old .
20 and 21 years old .
22 to 24 years old ..
25 to 34 years old ..


Enrollment


Number
4,143
58
24
56
33
2,729
2,729
1,146
1,133
154
Percent
52.2
12.5
55.6
96.7
99.9
71.2
35.5
10.0
4.1
2.5


Source: [24, Table 120].


Table 46.--Enrollment, average daily attendance, average daily mem-
bership of pupils at close of year for the fiscal year
1971-1972, Suwannee County

Average daily Membership at
Grades Enrollment close of
Attendance Membership year
- Number - -
Kindergarten. 109 92 101 104
Grades 1-12 . 4,621 3,949 4,209 4,220
Grades 1-6. 2,403 2,076 2,194 2,214
Grades 7-9. 1,218 1,033 1,103 1,111
Grades 10-12. 1,000 840 912 895
Total ..... .. 4,730 4,041 4,310 4,324
Promoted, K-12. 4,123
Not promoted, K-12. -- 201


Source: [3, pp. 7, 9, 11].








40






Table 47.--Number of high school graduates continuing their education
and type of institution entered, Suwannee County, 1971


Item Graduates


Number
Total high school graduates. . 266
Public . . . .266
Private. . . . ... 0
Continuing at junior college:
Public . . . . 71
Private. . . . ... 0
Continuing at.senior college or university:
Public . ..... . 15
Private. ............... 2
Continuing at out-of-state college 18
Continuing at technical, trade and other:
In Florida . . . ... 17
Out-of-state . . .. 0


Source: (1, Table 4.922].






41







Table 48,--Instructional positions in public school system, Suwannee
County


Positions Fiscal year, 1971-72


Number
Supervisors of instruction (general and
special subjects) . .. .. 2
Principals and supervising principals:
Kindergarten only . . .. 0
Elementary . . . ... 5
High school . . . ... 7
Elementary and high school .. 1
Total principals. . . .. 13
Teachers:
Men:
Kindergarten. . . ... .
Grades 1-6 . . . 6
Grades 7-9.. . . . 22
Grades 10-12 . . .. 39
Women:
Kindergarten . . . 4
Grades 1-6. . . . ... 86
Grades 7-9. . . .. . 29
Grades 10-12. . . ... 26
Total teachers. . . ... 212

Other instructional staff:
Librarians:
Grades 1-6 . . . 2
Grades 7-12 . . . 4
Guidance:
Grades 1-6 . .... .. . 0
Grades 7-12 . . .. .6
Psychological and other:
Grades 1-6 . . ... .0
Grades 7-12 . . ... .0
Total other instructional staff . 12
Other county-wide instructional personnel 0
Total full-time instructional personnel 239


Source: [3, p. 13].














Table 49.--Pupil mobility in public schools
K-12, Suwannee County, 1971-72


during one year, grades


Components of change : Pupils


Number
Total enrollment. . . ... 4,730
Withdrawals a . . . 554
First-time entries . .. 4,308
Transfers from out-of-statec .. 110
Transfers from other districts . 312

a May have been to enter another school in this or another state
or to leave school.
b Pupils who had not previously entered any other school during the
1971-72 school year. First-time entries would be 100% of the enroll-
ment if no new pupils entered during the school year.
c Pupils who transferred during the 1971-72 school year, not at
the beginning of the year.
Source: [1, Table 4.192].


Table 50.--Characteristics of public school
K-12, Suwannee County, 1971-72


bus operations, grades


Characteristic Unit Amount


Funds for pupil transportation .. ... Dollars $159,644
Pupils transported at public expense. Percent 67.93
School bus mileage:
Morning tripsa . . Miles 1,195.8
Extra-curricular . . Miles 13,475.0
Pupils transported less than 2 miles. Percent 13.74
School bus drivers. . . Number .39
Average monthly salary. . ... Dollars 234.10


a Combined mileage of all school buses,
figure gives approximate total daily mileage.
b Estimated.
Source: [1, Tables 4.962, 4.982].


one way. Doubling this








Table 51.--Summary of revenues and expenditures of schools including
grades K-12, Suwannee County, fiscal year, 1972-73


Revenues and expenditures County State


Revenues
Federal sources. . .
State sources. . .
Federal through state. .
Local sources. .. ....
Toita revenue, . .
Totsa. nonrevenue receipts. .

Remittances from other sources
Total revenues and receipts.
Tra fers . . .
Beginning balances . .
Total revenues, receipts, trans-
fers, and balances .. ..
Adjustments to fund balance.
Total revenues, receipts, trans-
fers, balances & adjustments
Remittances to other districts
and agencies . .
Total expenditures and remit-
tances . . .

Transfers. . . .
Ending balance . .
Adj us tments . . .
Total expenditures, transfers,
reserves, balances, and ad-
justments. . .

Expendit ures
Administration . .
Current expenses, all funds:


Instruction ..
Operation of plant .
Maintenance of plant
Auxiliary services .
Fixed charges. .
Total current expenses
school) . .
Non-program schools. .
Total current expenses
schools) . .
Capital outlay . .
Debt service . .
Total expenditures (all


(day


(all



funds)


Dollars

14,589.23
3,102,686.31
466,211.38
917,468.08
4,500,955.00
16,533.37

7,735.00
4,525,223.37
150,000.00
674,112.73

5,349,336.10
0

5,349,336.10

0

4,168,811.29

150,000.00
1,027,733.54
2,791.27


5,349,336.10


131,115.17

2,535,391.34
203,481.32
159,733.18
329,603.22
213,209.10

3,572,533.33
0

3,572,533.33
400,719.44
195,558.52
4,168,811.29


Percent of total

.3 2.2
58.0 42.3
8.7 4.9
17.2 27.0
84.1 76.5
.3 4.3

.1 .1
84.6 80.8
2.8 2.9
12.6 16.3


100.0
0

100.0

0

77.9

2.8
19.2
.1


100.0


3.1

60.8
4.9
3.8
7.9
5.1

85.7
0

85.7
9.6
4.7
100.0


99.9
0

100.0

.1

78.0

2.9
2.9
16.1


100.0


2.4

62.4
6.0
2.7
5.6
7.4

86.6
.2

86.8
8.4
4.8
100.0


Source: [3, pp. 17, 19, 55, 57].






44






Table 52.--Disbursements of the county government for welfare,
Suwannee County, fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1971

Operating Capital
Social services expenses outlay

Dollars -
Foster home care. . .. 0 0
Federal commodities ...... 15,820.01 0
Welfare administration. .... 26,282.78 0
Welfare services. . ... 1,910.50 0
Mental health . . .. .336.75 0
Tubercular care . ... 1,007.50 0
State-county welfare participation 202.50 0
Health unit or department .. 0 0
County cemeteries . 0 0
County hospitals. . ... 0 0
Homes for infirm. . ... 0 0
Parental homes . .... 0 0
Juvenile or detention homes 0 0
Neighborhood youth corps. .. 0 0
Legal aid . . ... 0 0
Total . . ... 45,560.04 0


Source: [5, pp. 46-49].


Table 53.--Old-age, survivors, disability, and health insurance, by
number of beneficiaries with monthly cash benefits in
current payment status by age and sex, Suwannee County,
December, 1972


Beneficiaries by age and sex Number of Beneficiaries


Total . . . .. .. 3,074
Under age 60:
Under 18 years. . .. 496
18-21 years . . ... 60
25-59 years . . ... 312
Age 60 and over:
Male. . . . ... 1,008
Female. . . . ... 1,198
60-61 years . . . 49
62-64 years . . ... 332
65-71 years . . . 874
72 and over . . .. 961


---p Table 171921.






45






Table 54.--Department of Health, Education, and Welfare: Domestic
assistance program recipients and funds obligated,
Suwannee County, fiscal 1973


Agency


Food and Drug Administration. . .
Health services and Mental Health Administra-
tion . . . . .
National Institute of Health. . .
Office of Education . . . .
Office of the Secretary . . .
Social and Rehabilitation Service . .
Social Security Administration. . .
Special institutions. . . .
Total . . ... . .


Dollars


0

431,449
0
185,868
75,944
1,182,461
4,974,658
0
6,850,380


Source: [29, p. 84].









Table 55.--Amount paid by food stamp recipients, bonus, total, and
average value of food stamps for the month of January,
1973, Suwannee County


Recipients Number


Households. ... .. . . 513
Persons ...... .. . . 1,471
Amount paid by recipients . .. $14,743
Bonus (free) valuea . . $21,648
Total value issued. . ... $36,391
Average stamp value per household $70.94

a Increased food purchasing power.

Source: [1, Table 17.842].







46






Table 56.--Professionals in state licensed health occupations,
Suwannee County, December 1973

SNumber per
Personnel Total 1,000
population
Number -
Medical doctors . . ... 4 .24
Doctors of osteopathy . .0 --
Dentists . . . 1 .06
Registered nurses . ... 59 3.47
Licensed practical nurses .. 79 4.65
Pharmacists . . .. 12 .71
Dental hygienists . ... 1 .06
Chiropractors . . .. 1 .06
Veterinarians . . ... 4 .24
Optometrists . . . 1 .06
Physical therapists . .0 --
Opticians . . . --
Sanitarians . . .. 1 .06
Nursing home administrators .. 1 .06
Psychologists . . .. 0 --
Podiatrists. .. --
Naturopaths. .. --


Source: [llp. 20].



Table 57.--Existing medical facilities, number of beds, Suwannee
County, 1971


Medical facility Facilities Beds

Number -
General hospitals . . ... 1 83
Long-term care facilities . .. 0 0
Nursing homes. . . 1 72
Tuberculosis hospitals . .. 0 0
Homes for the aged . . 0 0
Diagnostic or treatment centers 0 0
Rehabilitation facilities . .. 0 0
Public health centers . 1 NA


a Includes principal units and auxiliary facilities.

Source: [, Table 3.532].













Table 58.--Resident deaths from certain causes, 1972, and incidence
of certain reportable diseases, 1971, Suwannee County


Cause of death and incidence of disease County Florida


Cause of death: Number -
Cardiovascular disease:
Heart disease. . . .. 60 30,626
Vascular lesions of central nervous
system . . ... .29 9,289
Aortic aneurism and certain arterial
diseases . . ... 1 1,210
General arteriosclerosis . 7 1,088
Cancer . . . ... .24 15,979
Diabetes mellitus. . ... 3 1,384
Cirrhosis of the liver . ... 2 1,447
Respiratory diseases:
Tuberculosis . . ... 2 223
Influenza and pneumonia. ..... 5 2,195
Bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma. 4 1,627
Maternal deaths. . . ... 0 23
Violent deaths:
Motor vehicle accidents. ..... 9 2,415
Other accidents. . ... 8 2,312
Suicides . . ... 3 1,112
Homicides. . . ... 1 968
Total deaths from all causes . .. .158 71,898

Incidence of disease:
Chicken pox. . . ... 0 2,594
German measles . . ... 0 1,818
Gonorrhea. . . . ... 3 30,659
Hepatitis, infectious. . ... 1 2,191
Influenza. . . .. 0 9,634
Measles . . ... 0 2,365
Mumps . . . ... .0 2,995
Salmonellosis. . . ... 3 1,517
Streptococcalinfectious ...... 0 8,370
Syphilis . . . 3 3,651a
Tuberculosis . . . 3 1,551b

a Includes 53 state and federal prison-hospital patients.
b Includes 34 state and federal prison-hospital patients.

Source: [1, Tables 3.292, 3.282].







48






Table 59.--Admissions of patients to the state mental hospital
system, by type'of admission, Suwannee County, 1972


Admissions County Florida

Number -
Rate of admissions per 100,000 civilian
population . . .. 132.9 75.8
Type of admission:
Total . . . ... 21 5,472
County court. . . ... 15 3,760
Criminal and circuit court. .... 1 531
Certified . . ... 0 713
Voluntary . .... . 5 387
Other . . . .. 0 81


a1972 population estimates by Bureau of the Census.
Source: [1, Table 3.632].



































MISCELLANEOUS













Table 60.--Areas of selected places, Suwannee County, 1960


Area Population, 1960
Location PeIr lnq.
Loca n Total LandTotal wtmile
Square miles - Number -
Suwannee County. 687 685.8 1.2 14,961 21.8
Branford division. 134.7 134.7 0 1,985 14.7
Dowling Park div 170.1 170.1 0 1,922 11.3
Live Oak division. 187.5 187.5 0 8 927 47.6
Live Oak .. 6.7 6.7 0 6,544 976.7
Remainder of div 180.8 180.8 0 2,383 13.2
McAlpin-Wellborn div 194.7 193.5 1.2 2,127 11.0


Source: [15, p. 10],







Table 61.--Farms, land in farms, and land use, by size of farm,
Suwannee County, 1969

Farms with harvested cropland
Farms Farms T .Tota acres Acres of
Total Jin farms arv. cropl.


All farms. .
Farms with:
1 to 9 A...
10 to 49 A..
50 to 69 A. .
70 to 99 A. .
100 to 139 A .
140 to 179 A .
180 to 219 A
220 to 259 A .
260 to 499 A .
500 to 999 A .
1,000 to 1,999 A
2,000 and over .


Number
1,091

32
132
72
121
100
162
82
80
190
94
21
5


Acres
275,160 824


119
3,937
4,103
9,824
11,776
25,500
16,182
18,894
69,374
63,665
28,894
22,892


- Number -
234,446

58
2,663
2,655
6,081
9,018
17,388
15,214
15,781
60,341
57,328
25,027
22,892


59,280

45
1,158
820
2,032
2,837
4,640
4,505
4,512
15,285
13,034
4,495
5,917


Source: [16, p. 473].
A = acres









51






Table 62.--Forest land area: Suwannee County, 1970


Type of land County Florida

Thousands of acres -
All land . ... 439.1 35,179.4
Forest land:
Commercial . . ... 204.2 16,231.6
Unproductive . . 0.0 1,606.9
Productive reserved . .6 94.4
Total . . . 204.8 17,932.9
Nonforest land. . 234.3 17,246.5


Source: [1, Table 11.362].










Table 63.--Farm sales of forest products, Suwannee County, 1969 and
1964

1969 1964
Forest productsFars Farms
reporinn Salnes reportg Saes
Number Dollars Number Dollars
Standing timber or trees. 19 35,451 42 46,387
Firewood and fuelwood .6 638 NA NA
Sawlogs and veneer logs 4 3,057 NA NA
Pulpwood . .. 47 61,101 NA NA
Other forest products 3 6,146 NA NA


Source: [16, p. 480].





52








Table 64.--Weather data, Live Oak Weather Station, Suwannee County, 1973


Month Total Temperature
Month
precipitation
,precipi n Average : Low High

Inches Degrees Farenheit -
January .. 5.33 55.5 19 82
February. ... 4.40 52.7 26 76
March . .. 7.43 66.2 35 88
April . .. 13.77 66.3 38 86
May . .. 4.34 74.6 44 96
June. . ... 7.89 80.2 65 94
July. .... 5.55 82.4 68 96
August. ... 5.03 80.6 64 94
September 5.44 80.3 64 96
October .. 0.07 70.9 30 91
November. . 1.24 66.7 30 87
December. ... 3.82 55.0 20 82


Source: [30, p. 2-3].












[1] Bureau of EcononJiic a.n id i, ess Research, University of Florida.
Florida Sta tic tical Ab si-rac.t, 1973. Gainesville: Univer-
sity of Floridc Pres. ."vgust, 1973.

[2] Bureau of Economic and .ire; Resea rch University of Florida.
Population Studicsi .llein No 29, Gainesville: May 1974.

[3] Florida. Commiss jioner o Ed,:iucat:i on., Commissioner- of Education.
Pupil, Persomel, _i j. cial a, i.trict School
Systems R e port i'cr cl l- cal ar 19_7 1 2 2._. Tallahassee:
1973.

[4] Comptr oll Rerorct of the Compptroller, For the
Fiscal Year ,En:ed Juve -7, 1972. Tallabassee: 1973.

[5] ______ i '-'roller* [l ount ', Fli.nances and Fee Officers Report,
1971. TaIlahasse e: ..1 7 )

[6] Department o-: Amini-_l.l ration and Florida League of Cities.
Revenue anid .F j:toA d. l "ii- t' t t ior City ,nd Cougty Governments.
Tallahassee: l M y 1'," J 11'7

[7] Departmieni of Con m-'r erce Division of Adminaistra tion,
Bureau of Research cc S.ct is., Basic. Labor Market
Informal i on, 1ah;;ee: a19j 73.

[8] Department of Commerce, Division of Technical Assistance.
Housing ancd Popu1aLJorp1 linat Shoeet. Tallahassee: April 1973.

[9] ___ Department of Co -mmerce Office of Research and Statistics.
Employment nd PayvroLl-:, Y,"Lorida, 1972, Vol. XXV. Tallahassee:
1973.

[10] Department o( ie:li. &l, Rehi-abilitation Services, Division
of Family Servi ces, -ei of Financial Services. Annual
Statistical "repo l l _Juiy 1 i72-June 30, 1973. Tallahassee:
1974.

[11] .Departme,n o Hea'-h Rej ab-ilita ive Services, Division
of Planning ind Eval.'t-iil, Bureau of Comprehensive Health
Planning. lord'_s ji. Manpower. Tallahassee: December,
1973.

[12] Departmeri: of RevenuC', li-.ridza_ Ad Valorem Valuations and
Tax Data, i:-1977- T lassee 1972.

[13] Departr.ent of 'raspor nation. iieanial Report, July-
June, 1 968- '970- l- > ee 1971

[14] Governor Goverrn-r's Tas kI Force on Housing and Community
Devel,:r-.-il. and L-he 'orida Department of Community Affairs,
Housing in rlloida. 7o1i. 5. Tailahassee: 1973.








SOURCES (Continued)


[15] U. S. Bureau of the Census. Area Measurement Reports: Areas
of Florida 1960. GE-20, No. 11. Washington: U. S. Govern-
ment Printing Office, 1965.

[16] Census of Agriculture, 1969, Volume I.
Area Reports. Part 29, Florida, Section 2. County Data.
Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1972.

[17] Census of Housing: 1950. General
Housing Characteristics, Volume I, Chapter 10, Florida.
Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1952.

[18] '_ Census of Housing: 1960. State
and Small Areas. Florida. Washington: U. S. Government
Printing Office, 1962.

[19] Census of Housing: 1970. Detailed
Housing Characteristics. Final Report HC [1] Bll Florida.
Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1972.

[20] Census of Housing: 1970. General
Housing Characteristics. HC[1] All Florida. Washington:
U. S. Government Printing Office, 1972.

[21] U. S. Census of Population: 1950.
Volume II, Characteristics of the Population, Part 10,
Florida, Chapter B. Washington: U. S. Government Printing
Office, 1952.

[22] U. S. Census of Population: 1960.
General Population Characteristics, Florida. Final Report
PC[1] 11B. Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office,
1962.

[23] Census of Population: 1970, Florida.
General Population Characteristics. PC[1] Bll Florida.
Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1972.

[24] _. Census of Population: 1970. General
Social and Economic Characteristics. Final Report PC[1]-
Cll Florida. Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office,
1972.

[25] City and County Data Book. Washington:
U. S. Government Printing Office, 1972.

[26] Compendium of Public Employment, 1967
Census of Governments, Volume 3, Public Employment No. 2.
Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1969.









SOURCES (Coi: u ,edi


[27] U. S. Bureau of the Census. County Bisiness Patterns, 1972.
CBP, 72-11. Washington: U, S, C ovarniimnt Printing Office,
1972.

[28] .Taxh~ab e IrP Irt-'L v_; iluef and Assessment -
Sales Price Ratios. Vol. 2 r 1 -1, 1i972 Census of Govern-
ments. Washington: U. S. Go vernmenet T rincig Office, 1973.

[29] U. S. Department of Health, EdNi cation... and 'ciiar. Financial
Assistance by Geographirc A_:'l .. ___i _1., 972 -June 30, 1973.
Publication No, [05] 74--12o Wa:d asigto:' U, S. Government
Printing Office, 1974.

[30] U. S. National Oceanic and Atm-.osphl~i.c Administration Environ-
mental Data Service. Climlo,, .'. ) Florida. Vol. 77.
Washington: U. S. Gover:mncnL tiing office 1973.




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