• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Abstract
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Madison County: an overview
 General social and economic characteristics...
 Housing characteristics
 Economy and labor force charac...
 Public sector characteristics
 Miscellaneous
 Sources






Group Title: Information for rural development : population, housing, economy, labor force, and public sector
Title: Information for rural development
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 Material Information
Title: Information for rural development population, housing, economy, labor force, public sector ...
Series Title: Economic information report 1-19, 40, 45, 48, 51, 87
Alternate Title: Information for development
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
McCloskey, Elinor F
Publisher: Food and Economics Dept., Florida Cooperative Extension Service and Center for Rural Development, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1975-
 Subjects
Subject: Rural development -- Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Economic surveys -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Rural conditions -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
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 Notes
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General Note: Report no.40 (1975), no.45 (1975), no.48 (1976) have title: Information for development.
Funding: This collection includes items related to Florida’s environments, ecosystems, and species. It includes the subcollections of Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit project documents, the Sea Grant technical series, the Florida Geological Survey series, the Coastal Engineering Department series, the Howard T. Odum Center for Wetland technical reports, and other entities devoted to the study and preservation of Florida's natural resources.
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Abstract
        Abstract
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    List of Tables
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
    Madison County: an overview
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    General social and economic characteristics of the population
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
    Housing characteristics
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
    Economy and labor force characteristics
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
    Public sector characteristics
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
    Miscellaneous
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
    Sources
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
Full Text
/ vI

SE. McCloskey
R. 0. Coppedge


Economic Information
Report 6


J. A. Brown, Jr.


Madison County, Florida


Information For Rural Development
Population, Housing, Economy,
Labor Force, Public Sector


Food and Resource Economics Department
Florida Cooperative Extension Service and
Center for Rural Development
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville 32611


March 1975














ABSTRACT


This report is one of a series for selected counties in Florida
designated to compile secondary data from several sources into one
document. The purpose is twofold: first, to present useful information
in a readily usable form; and second, to provide a list of sources for
obtaining more detailed data on related topics. Subjects covered include
general social and economic characteristics of the population, housing,
the economy and labor force characteristics, and data related to the
public sector.

Key words: Florida counties, economic development, rural develop-
ment, data information.













This publication is one of several similar reports in which data
relating to rural development in various counties in Florida are pre-
sented. It is a contribution from the Center for Rural Development in
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences at the University of
Florida
Appreciation is expressed to Mary Mardus for organizing the tables
and typing this manuscript.










.. .. -.>











TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

LIST OF TABLES . . . ... . ... ii

NARRATIVE . . . . . . ... .1

GENERAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION . 6

HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS . . . . ... .18

ECONOMY AND LABOR FORCE CHARACTERISTICS . . . ... 24

PUBLIC SECTOR CHARACTERISTICS: FINANCES, FACILITIES, SERVICES . 33

MISCELLANEOUS . . . . . . . 54

SOURCES . . . . ... . . . 58




LEGEND

NA. .Not available
-. .Does not apply
Blank. .. .Not available
A. .. Acre
TX. .Tax


E. F. McCLOSKEY is a research assistant in food and resource eco-
nomics. J. A. BROWN, JR. and R. O. COPPEDGE are extension resource eco-
nomists and assistant professors of food and resource economics.








LIST OF TABLES


Table Page

1 Population characteristics: age by race and
rural residence, Madison County, 1970. . . 7

2 Population estimates by age and race for Madison
County and the State: July 1, 1973. . . 8

3 Components of population change for Madison County
and Florida. . . . . .. . 9

4 Selected population characteristics, Madison County,
City of Madison, and county subdivisions, 1970 . .. 10

5 Years of school completed for population 25 years and
older, total and Black, Madison County, 1970 . .. 11

6 Income and poverty data, total and Black, Madison
County, 1970 . . . . ... . 12

7 Median earnings in 1969 of persons in experienced
civilian labor force for selected occupational groups
Madison County . .. . . . 13

8 Labor force and occupational characteristics, Madison
County, 1970 . . . . . 14

9 Industry group of employed persons, Madison County, 1970 15

10 People in labor force by age and sex, Madison County
1970 . . . . ... . . .16

11 Last occupation of experienced unemployed persons,
Madison County, 1970 . . .. ..... ... 16

12 Offenses constituting the crime index, Madison County,
1972 . . . . . . .17

13 Housing profile, City of Madison, 1950, 1960, and 1970 19

14 Housing characteristics, Madison County, 1970. . ... 20

15 Characteristics of all occupied units in urban and
rural areas, Madison County, 1970. . . ... 20

16 Financial characteristics of housing for Madison
County, 1970 . . . . ... .. .21

17 Housing occupancy and facilities, Madison County, 1970 22








LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table Page

18 Subsidized housing and number of Section 235
home mortgages, Madison County, 1970. . ... 23

19 Number of public housing units as of December 31, 1971. 23

20 Selected farm characteristics, Madison County, 1964
and 1969. . . .. . . . 25

21 Basic labor market information, Madison County. . .. 26

22 Local government payrolls and employees for Madison
County area, October 1967a . . ...... 27

23 Employment and payroll of covered workers, Madison
County, 1972 . . . .28

24 Payrolls for retail and wholesale trade, Madison
County, 1967 . . * .29

25 Receipts and number of establishments for selected
services, Madison County, 1967 . . ... .. 29

26 Sales of retail and wholesale trade, Madison
County, 1967 . . .. . ... . 30

27 Assets and liabilities of commercial banks,
Madison County. ... .. . ... . . 30

28 Motor vehicle tags by type of vehicle, Madison County,
1971-72 . . . * * . .31

29 Gasoline sold by fiscal year, Madison County.. ... .. .31

30 Types of fuel used for heating, cooking, and water
heating, Madison County, 1970 . . . .32

31 Types of water supply and sewage disposal by housing
units, Madison County, 1970 . . . . .32

32 Public assistance by program, Madison County. ... 34

33 Tax base millages, Madison County, 1971 ..... . .. 34

34 Comparative analysis taxable valuation of property,
Madison County, 1971 . . ...... . 35

35 Assessed value of property subject to local government
property taxation, Madison County, 1971 . . ... 36








LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table Page

36 Assessed valuation of non-exempt property as basis
for school taxes and fiscal data on effort to
finance public schools, Madison County, 1971-72. .... 37

37 Revenues for Madison County, 1971. ........... 37

38 Expenditures for Madison County, 1971. . . 38

39 Revenues for cities of Madison and Greenville, 1971. . 39

40 Expenditures for cities of Madison and Greenville, 1971. 40

41 Distributions to Madison County and municipalities from
state sources and state tax collections by major sources
of revenue, 1971-72 .................. 41

42 Distributions to county schools from Minimum Foundation
and other foundation programs, Madison County, 1971-72 42

43 Federal government distributions for school programs,
Madison County, fiscal year ending June 30, 1972 .- .. 43

44 Schools by type, Madison County. ............ 43

45 School enrollment by grade level and age, Madison
County, 1970 . . . . ... ... 44

46 Enrollment, average daily attendance, average daily
membership of pupils at close of year for the fiscal
year 1972-73, Madison County . . . .... 44

47 Number of high school graduates continuing their education
and type of institution entered, Madison County, 1971. 45

48 Instructional positions in public school system, Madison
County . . . . . . 46

49 Pupil mobility in public schools during one year, grades
K-12, Madison County, 1971-72. . . . ... 47

50 Characteristics of public school bus operations, grades
K-12, Madison County, 1971-72 . . ..... 47

51 Summary of revenues and expenditures of schools including
grades K-12, Madison County, fiscal year, 1972-73. ... .48

52 Disbursements of the county government for welfare,
Madison County, fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1971 . 49

iv









LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table Page

53 Old-age, survivors, disability, and health insurance
by number of beneficiaries with monthly cash benefits
in current-payment status by age and sex, Madison
County, December, 1972. . . . .. 49

54 Department of Health, Education, and Welfare: Domestic
assistance program recipients and funds obligated,
Madison County, fiscal 1973 . . . ... 50

55 Amount paid by food stamp recipients, bonus, total and
average value of food stamps for the month of January,
1973, Madison County. . . . . ... 50

56 Professionals in state licensed health occupations,
Madison County, May, 1971 . . . .. 51

57 Existing medical facilities, number of beds, Madison
County, 1971. . . . . ... ..... 51

58 Resident deaths from certain causes, 1972, and
incidence of certain reportable diseases, 1971
Madison County. . . . ... ...... 52

59 Admissions of patients to the state mental hospital
system, by type of admission, Madison County, 1972. ... 53

60 Areas of selected places, Madison County, 1960. .... 55

61 Farms, land in farms, and land use, by size of farm,
Madison County, 1969. . .... . . 55

62 Forest land area: Madison County, 1970 ... ... 56

63 Farm sales of forest products, Madison County,
1969 and 1964 . . . . .... 56

64 Weather data, Madison Weather Station, Madison County,
1973. . . . . . . 57







MADISON COUNTY: AN OVERVIEW


Madison County is geographically located in extreme north Florida
adjoining the state of Georgia. It borders Hamilton and Suwannee
Counties on the east, Lafayette and Taylor Counties on the south, and
Jefferson County on the west. The Withlacoochee and Suwannee Rivers form
a natural boundary along the eastern edge of the county, and the Aucilla
River flows south as part of the western boundary. These three rivers
provide the county with approximately 50 miles of river frontage. The
County ranks 34th in total land area in the state, covering 703 square
miles or approximately 453,000 acres. An additional 5.1 square miles is
covered by inland bodies of water in the form of lakes and ponds.
Although rural Madison County has not experienced the recent rate
of population expansion that has occurred in the state as a whole, Madison
was the fifth most populous county in the state in 1880. Madison County's
population, primarily supported by agriculture, reached its peak in 1915
with 17,834 residents. From 1915 to 1970, the county experienced a de-
clining population with only minor spurts of population growth.
Outmigration has been a major cause of the declining population, due
primarily to the lack of employment opportunities. Agricultural technol-
ogy has also been a factor associated with population decline. Modern
technology during the 1950s and 1960s replaced farm workers who then
had to leave the farm and seek employment elsewhere. Since industrial
employment opportunities were virtually nonexistent during this period
in rural Madison County, families were forced to leave the county seeking
employment.
Another factor associated with population decline has been the dis-
tribution of land holding patterns in the county. Slightly over half of
the total land area is held by 38 private owners. These owners have con-
trol over approximately 218,000 acres, in holdings of 1,000 acres and
over. Approximately 162,000 acres are held in tracts over 50,000 acres
in size. The greatest percentage of this land is now owned by large timber
companies.
The 1970 Census credits the county with 13,481 residents. July 1,
1974 population estimates prepared by the Division of Population Studies,
Bureau of Economic and Business Research, University of Florida, show








Madison County with 14,220 residents. Based on projections by the Bureau,
Madison County can expect an estimated 6 percent increase in population,
or 15,100 persons, by 1980. However, if other estimates of the state's

population are realized, the Bureau's 15,100 figure may be somewhat con-
servative.
Madison is very rural with only 1,984 of the county's 453,000 acres
classified as urban. The urban acreage lies in and around three incorpor-
ated communities. Madison, the county seat, with a population in 1970 of
3,737, is the center of industrial and commercial activity. Greenville
and Lee, the other two incorporated communities, represent a population
of 1,141 and 240 respectively. Between 1970 and 1974, Madison and Green-
ville experienced growth rates of 5.5 and 13 percent, respectively, while
Lee remained about the same, Approximately 39 percent of the county's
population resides within the incorporated boundaries of the three com-
munities.
Madison County's humus-laden soil began attracting emigrants from
the southeast in the late 1820s and early 1830s. The economy was highly
dependent on cotton production until about 1916, when the Mexican boll
weevil virtually destroyed the industry. Cotton then began to fade from
the scene as farms became more diversified.
The economy of Madison County is still predominantly based on agri-
culture. The climate of the county is very favorable for the production
of most field crops, fruit and nut crops, livestock, and pine forests.
Agriculture received a boost beginning in 1964 when approximately
200 Madison County citizens concerned with the economy of the county or-
ganized Plans for Progress. This was a county-wide program for studying
and planning agricultural development over a ten-year period. The county's
goal in 1964 was to double gross farm income from $10 million to $20
million by 1974. Extensive promotion of crops and livestock best adapted
to the county and the concentrated efforts of the county's farmers re-
sulted in the 1973 gross farm income reaching $30.5 million, more than
triple the 1963 income.
With more agricultural dollars in the county, additional spinoffs
were evident. A new commercial bank was chartered, bringing the total
number to three. In addition, a new savings and loan association was
opened.








An excellent transportation network has been important in recent
growth and development of the county. U.S. Highway 90 bisects the county,
running east'and west through Madison, Lee, and Greenville. State Highway
145 connects with Interstate 75 nineteen miles north of the county. Re-
cently completed I-10 traverses the county five miles south of Madison,
offering a four-lane system from Jacksonville to Tallahassee, with four
interchanges in the county. Two railroads offering rail service to industry

pass through the county. In addition, Greyhound Bus Lines provide trans-
portation services.
Income, education, housing, employment, and population provide im-
portant information for analysis of the economic structure of a county.
Income in Madison County compared with other counties across the state
reflect the economic activity of the area and is indicative of how Madison
County is doing relative to other geographic areas.
The county is faced with problems as are most other rural counties
across the nation. Educational levels attained are reflected in income
earning capabilities. Census data point out the fact that only 30 percent
of the total population in 1970 over 25 years of age was high school grad-
uates. Studies of migration indicate that migration is selective and that
the better educated youth seek employment where their opportunities are
greatest. As a result, many youth have left the community.
There were 3,249 families in the county with a mean family income
of $6,786 in 1970. Of these families, 530 had female heads of households.
The county ranked 57th in the state with a per capital income of $1,791.
Statistics indicate that 1,078 families in the county, or 33.2 percent of
all families, receive income below poverty level. Thirty-seven percent of
the families with incomes below poverty level are receiving public assis-
tance income. Total dollar value of public assistance received in 1973
was approximately $1 million.
The potential labor force, 16 years old and older, included 4,924
persons in 1970. Total employment in Madison County was estimated to be
3,760 in 1972. Manufacturing employment accounted for approximately 980
persons. Twenty percent were employed in meat packing, 37 percent in log-
ging and sawmill operations, 20 percent in metal products manufacturing,
and 15 percent in furniture upholstering. Other major employment cate-
gories include construction, wholesale and retail trade, services, and
other wage and salary workers. Industry in the county consists of meat







processing; manufacturing of wood products, plywood, and pallets; saw-
mills; metal works making wheel covers; men's slacks; processed animal
feeds; commercial printing; and cut stone and stone products.
The median annual earnings reported in the 1970 census for males,
16 years and older, is $4,177. There are only six counties in the state
where this figure is less than $4,500. This is another indication of why
young people leave the county.
In addition to new business and industry in the county, North Florida
Junior College, a state supported coeducational college founded in 1958,
has made a large impact on the county. The student enrollment plus pro-
fessional persons brought to the community in its institutional program
have made a significant contribution to the overall economic outlook of
the county. This fully accredited college offers excellent educational
opportunities to the citizens of Madison and surrounding counties. A wide
range of vocational instruction is offered through the Occupational and
Adult Division. This provides a necessary service to industry and employ-
ment in the six county area.
Housing characteristics, another factor of the standard of living in
a community, indicate that approximately 26 percent of the total housing
units in the county are substandard with the median value.of all dwellings
being approximately $7,100. Thirty-five percent of all houses were con-
structed prior to 1940.
It is these type statistics that must be improved upon to substan-
tially increase the individual social welfare of citizens in the county.
The structure and nature of communities in Florida are undergoing
drastic changes as a result of rapid population growth -- the fastest in
the nation. Population projections indicate approximately ten million
people will be residing in Florida by the early 1980s. This represents
a 22 percent projected increase in population between 1975 and the early
1980s. Ninety-one percent of this growth will come from inmigration.
As a result, Madison County will probably experience some of this influx
of people. One of the most demanding problems facing local citizens and
governments is how to accommodate this new growth.
For future growth and development to be beneficial, it must be
planned for and encouraged to be a contribution to the community. It is
important that citizens of Madison County understand that they can have
an effect on the quantity and quality of growth which they may desire for





5


their county. It is anticipated that this Rural Development Information
Report will provide needed information and sources of references to help
in making community decisions concerning the future welfare of this county
and its citizens.



































GENERAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION












Table l.--Population characteristics: age by race and rural
residence, Madison County, 1970


[ Rural (farm
Age group Total Black and nonfarm
and nonfarm)

Under 5 years ...... 1,142 657 812
5-9 . .... 1,296 685 887
10-14. . .... 1,517 791 1,208
15-19. . .... 1,667 722 1,071
20-24. . .... 914 380 527
25-29. . .... 692 256 468
30-34. . .... 609 223 566
35-39. . .... 565 236 435
40-44. . .... 660 249 445
45-49. . .... 657 258 547
50-54. . .... 714 262 513
55-59. . .... 765 303 432
60-64. . .... 694 270 518
65 & over. . ... 1,589 607 1,197
Total. . .... 13,481 5,899 9,706
Median age ..... 26.5 NA NA


Source: [23].





8






Table 2.--Population estimates by age and race for Madison County
and the State: July 1, 1973


Age group County Florida

All races: -- Number - -
0-14 years . .. 3,885 1,826,268
15-24 years. ..... 2,896 1,295,634
25-44 years. . .... 2,615 1,776,550
45-64 years. ..... 2,822 1,693,155
65 and over. ..... 1,813 1,253,487
All ages . ... 14,030 7,845,093
White:
0-14 years . .. 1,780 1,430,429
15-24 years. ...... 1,663 1,063,443
25-44 years. ..... 1,633 1,521,526
45-64 years. ..... 1,771 1,517,212
65 and over. ..... 1,128 1,173,231
All ages . .. 7,975 6,705,839
Nonwhite:
0-14 years . ... 2,105 395,839
15-24 years. ..... 1,232 232,190
25-44 years. ..... 982 255,025
45-64 years. ..... 1,050 175,943
65 and over. ..... 685 80,257
All ages . ... 6,055 1,139,254


Source: [2, p. 2, 3].





9






Table 3.--Components of population change for Madison County and
Florida


Item County Florida


Population: - Number - -
Census (1970) . ... 13,481 6,790,929
Estimate (1973) . ... 14,029 7,845,092
Components of change:a
Total change . ... 548 1,054,163
Births. . . .... 856 366,528
Deaths . . .. 523 258,453
Natural increase . 333 108,075
Net migration . 215 946,088
Migration as percentage of 1973
estimated . .. 1.53 12.06


a April 1, 1970 to July 1, 1973.
b Births minus deaths.
c Total change minus natural increase.
d Net migration divided by 1973 population estimate times 100.

Source: [2, p. 4].










Table 4.--Selected population characteristics, Madison County, City of Madison, and county
subdivisions, 1970


Characteristics Unit Greenville Madison Madison ity of County
north south
division division division Madison

Population ....... No. 3,466 3,214 6,801 3,737 13,481
Sex:
Male. . .... No. 1,618 1,588 3,200 1,717 6,406
Female. ....... No. 1,848 1,626 3,601 2,020 7,075
Race:
White . .. No. 1,622 2,026 3,914 1,925 7,562
Black . .... No. 1,840 1,180 2,879 1,807 5,899
Other ........ No. 4 8 8 5 20
Age:
Under 18 years. % 38.7 36.6 33.8 31.0 35.7
18 to 64 years. . % 48.4 51.3 55.1 57.7 52.5
65 years and over % 12.9 12.1 11.1 11.3 11.8
In group quarters No. 58 7 276 276 341
Households:
Total ........ No. 967 952 2,081 NA 4,000
Black and other No. 455 275 856 NA 1,586
Population in households:
Total ........ No. 3,408 3,207 6,525 3,461 13,140
Black and other .. .. No. 1,837 1,188 2,887 NA 5,912

a All living arrangements other than households.

Source: [23, Tables 33 and 31].


- -












Table 5.--Years of school completed for population 25 years and
older, total and Black, Madison County, 1970


Years of education for Ma
population 25 years Male Female Total
and older
Total population: -- Number - Percent
No school years com-
pleted . .. 190 168 358 5.1
Elementary:
1 to 4 years. 539 498 1,037 14.8
5 to 7 years. 540 712 1,252 17.9
8 years ..... 442 391 833 11.9
High school;
1 to 3 years. 615 790 1,405 20.1
4 years ..... 447 821 1,268 18.1
College:
1 to 3 years. 164 191 355 5.1
4 years or more 214 273 487 6.9
Total . .. 3,151 3,844 6,995 100.0
Median school years com-
pleted . ... 8.7 9.6 NA

percent high school
graduates . 26.2 33.4 30.2


Black population: -- Number - Percent
No school years com-
pleted. . 160 125 285 10.6
Elementary:
1 to 4 years. 398 358 756 28.0
5 to 7 years. 239 397 636 23.6
8 years ..... 113 133 266 9.9
High school:
1 to 3 years. 139 288 427 15.8
4 years ..... 44 146 190 7.0
College:
1 to 3 years.. 18 47 65 2.4
4 years or more 25 66 91 3.4
Total . .. 1,136 1,560 2,696 100.0
Median school years com-
pleted . ... 5.1 7.0 NA

Percent high school
graduates . .. 7.7 16.6 12.8

Source: [24, Tables 120, 125].












Table 6.--Income and poverty data, total and Black, Madison County,
1970


Item Unit Black Total


Persons . . .. No. 5,899 13,481
Per capital income .. .. .. $ $1,002 $1,791
Families by income class:
Under $3,999 . ... No. 804 1,227
$4,000-$5,999. . .. No. 167 443
$6,000-$11,999 . .. No. 257 1,126
$12,000 and over . No. 56 453
Total ... ...... No. 1,284 3,249
Median family income. .. $ $3,036 $5,743
Income below poverty level (bpl)
Families below poverty level No. 776 1,078
Percent of all families % 60.4 33.2
Mean family income ..... $ $1,968 $1,881
Mean size of family .... No. 4.66 4.23
Civilian male head less than
65 years ........ No. 379 497
Families with female head. No. 282 337
Percent families receiving
public assistance income % 37.1 37.1
Unrelated individuals. No. 292 631
Persons below poverty level:
Receiving Social Security
income . . % 9.9 13.7
65 years and over ... % 12.6 16.7
Receiving Social Security
income which are 65
years and over. .... % 53.2 56.1

Source: [24, Tables 124, 125, 128, 119].












Table 7.--Median earnings in i69 of persons in experienced civilian
labor force for selected occupational groups, Madison Cotnty



Occupation Earnings

Dollars

Male, 16 yrs. and older with earningsa . 4,177
Professional, managerial, and kindred ... 7,910
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred. .... ... 5,250
Operatives, including transport. .... ... 3,690
Laborers, except farm . . . 2,879
Farmers, and farm managers . . 3,214
Farm laborers except unpaid and farm foremen 2,248
Female, 16 yrs. and older with earnings . 1,742
Clerical and kindred . . ... ... 2,478
Operatives, including transport. . ... ... 2,386

aIncludes persons in other occupational groups, not shown.separately.
Source: [24, Table 122].











Table 8.--Labor force and occupational characteristics, Madison County,
1970


City of
Labor force characteristics County Madison State

- -Number --- -
Total labor force, 16 yrs. and
over . . ... 4,924 1,504 2,621,554
Male . . .... 2,923 826 1,609,360
Female ........... 2,001 678 1,012,194
Civilian labor force ..... 4,913 1,499 2,521,245
Number employed. ..... 4,773 1,443 2,426,268
Percent employed ..... 97.2 96.3 96.2
Number unemployed. ..... 140 56 94,977
Percent unemployed ...... 2.8 3.7 3.8
Occupation of employed:
Professional, technical, and
kindred workers. .. 495 274 335,254
Managers and administrators
except farm ....... 275 117 228,885
Sales workers. ......... 224 74 211,110
Clerical and kindred . 485 38 433,434
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred
workers . . 455 138 351,331
Operatives, except transport 629 146 209,699
Transport equipment operatives 185 50 88,895
Laborers, except farm. ... 371 104 127,186
Farmers and farm managers. .. .377 9 16,566
Farm laborers and farm foremen 638 175 60,747
Service workers, except private
household . ... .472 159 303,620
Private household workers. 167 60 59,541
Total. . . .. 4,773 1,443 2,426,268

Source: [24, Tables 117, 118, 121, 122].





15









Table 9.--Industry group of employed persons, Madison County, 1970


Industry Total Black

--- Number -

Total employed, 16 yrs. and older. . . ... 4,773 1,874
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries ...... .. 1,092 635
Mining . . . . . 6 0
Construction . . . . .. .184 54
Manufacturing:
Durable goods:
Furniture, lumber, and wood products . 445 254
Metal industries . . . .. 138 75
Machinery except electrical. . ... .. 0 0
Electrical machinery, equipment supplies 0 0
Transportation equipment . . .... 50 25
Other durable goods. . . . ... 41 20
Nondurable goods:
Food and kindred products. . . ... 68 42
Textiles and fabricated textile products 38 4
Printing, publishing, and allied industries. 15 0
Chemicals and allied products. . ... 23 0
Other nondurable goods a . . ... 162 32
Total manufacturing industries . .... 980 447
Railroad and railway express services. ...... 32 0
Trucking services and warehousing. . ... 28 9
Other transportation . . . .. 39 42
Communications . . . . 21 47
Utilities and sanitary services . . ... 129 J
Wholesale trade. . . . . .. 89 37
Food, bakery, and dairy stores . . 164 24
Eating and drinking places . . ... 109 41
General merchandise retailing. . .... 68 0
Motor vehicle retailing and service stations 103 0
Other retail trade . . . .... 212 23
Banking and credit agencies. . . ... 38 0
Insurance, real estate, and other finance. . 55 0
Business and repair. ... ......... 74 16
Private households ..... .......... .163 159
Other personal services. . . ... 97 36
Entertainment and recreation . . ... 26 0
Hospitals . . . . ... 94 18
Health services, except hospitals . ... 70 0
Education, government . . . 470 )
Education, private . . .. .. 76 150
Other education and kindred . . ... 16
Welfare, religious, and other nonprofit. membership
organizations . . . .. 59 80
Legal, engineering, and miscellaneous professions. .65 J
Public administration. . . . .. 214 56

aIncludes not specified manufacturing industries.

Source: 24, Tables 123, 127].




16






Table 10.--People in labor force by age and sex, Madison County,
1970


Age category Male a Femaleb

- Percent - -
14 and 15 years old 3.2 8.4
16 and 17 years old 24.3 13.7
18 and 19 years old 60.9 33.0
20 and 21 years old 58.8 43.7
22 to 24 years old .. 75.4 57.7
25 to 34 years old .... 95.4 58.0
35 to 44 years old .... 90.8 60.0
45 to 64 years old .... 83.3 45.1
65 years and over . 30.7 7.7
Total . .. 69.0 39.5

Percent of total male labor force in respective age category.
b
Percent of total female labor force in respective age category.

Source: [24, Table 121].



Table l1.--Last occupation of experienced unemployed persons,
Madison County, 1970


Last occupation of experienced Ml F
1a Male Female Total
unemployed 16 yrs. old and over a eme To

- Number - -
Professional, technical and managerial
workers . . . 6 0 6
Sales workers . . ... 0 9 9
Clerical and kindred workers 6 4 10
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred workers 17 10 27
Operatives including transport .5 0 5
Laborers, except farm . .. 0 17 17
Farm workers . . .. 14 4 18
Service workers including private house-
hold . . . 6 16 22
Total . . . .. 58 71 129

aIncludes persons who last worked more than 10 years ago, not
shown separately.
Source: [24, Table 123].


i












Table 12.--Offenses constituting the crime index, Madison County,
1972


Unincor- City of City of
Item County porated
area Greenville Madison
_area -
Total crime index a . .. 104 73 3 28
Percent index change 1971-72 7.2 5.8 -57.1 33.3
Number of offenses:
Murder . . .. 0 0 0 0
Forcible rape. . .. 1 1 0 0
Robbery. . . ... 3 2 1 0
Aggravated assault .. 10 6 1 3
Breaking and entering. 63 45 0 18
Larceny $50 and over . 26 19 0 7
Auto theft ....... 1 0 1 0
Crime rate per 100,000 popula-
tion . . . 746.9 839.4 255.3 691.0
Percent rate change 1971-72 4.2 5.0 -58.2 23.4
Percent cleared ..... .. 38.5 30.1 66.7 57.1

a The crime index is the total number of actual offenses or
incidents known to law enforcement officers, not the number of persons
who committed them nor the number of injuries they caused.
b Includes those incorporated jurisdictions which report this
information to the law enforcement agency responsible in that geo-
graphic jurisdiction.
Source: fl, Table 18.034].







































HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS













Table 13.--Housing profile, City of Madison, 1950, 1960, and 1970


Item


Population . .
Total housing units.
Total occupied .
Owner occupied .
Renter occupied..
Total Black
occupied .
Black owner
occupied. .
Black renter
occupied. .
Vacant . .
Single family. .
Multi-family .
Mobile homes .
Public housing .
Persons per house-
hold . .
Persons per
occupied unit:
City of Madison.
Madison County
Florida .


1950


3,150
992
943
388
555

442

147

295
49
NA
NA
3
0

NA



3.34
2.90
2.80


1960


- Number -
3,239
1,092
991
472
519

434 a

174a

260 a
101
NA
NA
NA
0

3.3



3.27
3.70
3.11


1970


% of total
units
3,775 --
1,240 100.0
1,175 94.8
640 51.6
551 44.4


564

265

299
65
NA
NA
6
0

2.9



3.21
3.30
2.90


45.5

21.4

24.1
5.2
NA
NA
.5
0

.NA


Change,
1960 to 1970


Percent
16.5
13.6
18.6
35.6
6.2

29.9

52.3

15.0
-35.6
NA
NA
NA
0

-.1



-1.8
-10.8
-6.5


a1960 data listed as "nonwhite".
Sources: [19, 20, 21, 22. 23, 17, 18].


i -












Table 14.--Housing characteristics, Madison County, 1970


Characteristic Number Percent of
total units

Units built before 1940 . ... 1,475 34.7
Units lacking some or all plumbing .... 1,480 34.8
Units with incomplete kitchen facilities or
used by another household. . ... 947 22.3
Units with 1.01 or more persons per room. 536 13.4
Substandard units . . ... 1,036 25.9
Value/rent ratios:
Number of units valued at 2.5 times or
more the owners' incomes. ..... 517 33.5
Number of units renting for 25% or more
of the renters' incomes ...... 351 33.5
Median number of persons in:
All occupied units . . .. 2.7 --
Owner occupied units . ... 2.8 --
Renter occupied units. . ... 2.6
Median household income . ... $3,742
Ratio of number of poverty level families
per subsidized housing unit. ..... 56.7:1' --
Number of subsidized housing units:
Owner occupied . . ... 19 .7
Renter occupied. . . ... 0 0


Source: [8].


Table 15.--Characteristics of all occupied units in urban
areas, Madison County, 1970


and rural


Characteristic of occupied unit


Lacking one or more plumbing facility. .
1.51 or more persons per room . .
Lacking one or more plumbing facility
and/or having 1.51 or more persons
per room:
Number. . . . .
Percent of total units. . .
Total occupied units . . .


- Number -
386 959
72 113


407
34.6
1,175


996
35.3
2,825


Source: [14].


Total



1,345
185



1,403

4,000












Table 16.--Financial characteristics
1970


of housing for Madison County,


Item Rural Total


Contract rent Number of units -
Less than $30 . . .. 197 372
$30 to $39 . . .. 56 119
$40 to $59 . . ... 58 158
$60 to $79 . .... 43 133
$80 to $99 . . ... 0 11
$100 to $149. . ... 4 12
$150 or more. . ... 6 6
No cash rent. . ... 171 235
Total renter occupied ..... 535 1,046
Median rent . .... $30 $33
Value
Less than $5,000. . ... 432 525
$5,000 to $9,999. . ... 287 478
$10,000 to $14,999. . ... 134 250
$15,000 to $19,999. . ... 55 108
$20,000 to $24,999. . ... 36 81
$25,000 to $34,999. . ... 27 48
$35,000 or more . ... 12 53
Total owner occupied. ..... 983 1,543
Median value. . ... $5,800 $7,100

Source: [19, p. 237].














Table 17.--Housing occupancy and facilities, Madison County, 1970



Item Rural Total


Occupancy: Number Percent
All housing units. . ... 3,025 4,265 100.0
Vacant-seasonal and migratory. 13 13 .3
Owner occupied . ... 2,026 2,648 62.1
Renter occupied. . ... 799 1,352 31.7
Vacant year round. . ... 187 252 5.9
Population in housing units .. .. 9,535 13,085 100.0
Per unit ...... .. .. 3.4 3.3
Owner occupied ......... 3.3 3.2
Renter occupied. . ... 3.6 3.3 -
Persons per room, all occupied units 2,825 4,000 100.0
1.00 persons or less . .. 2,444 3,485 87.1
1.01 to 1.50 persons or less 268 330 8.3
1.51 or more . . .. 113 185 4.6
Facilities:
Lacking some or all plumbing
facilities . . .. 1,071 1,480 34.7
Telephone available. ..... 1,750 2,526 59.2
Air conditioning . ... 726 1,146 26.9
Median number of rooms ...... 5.1 5.1 -
Median value a . . .. $5,800 $7,100
Median gross rent b. . $ 49 $ 58

a Owner occupied units.
b Specified renter occupied; excludes one-family homes on 10 acres
or more.
Source: [19, Tables 60, 61, 62].













Table 18.--Subsidized housing and number of Section 235 home
mortgages, Madison County, 1970


Item Number


Subsidized rental units (under management,
construction, or commitment, all programs). .. .. 0
Units in insured projects eligible for rent
supplement (under management or commitment) .. 76
Families with income less than poverty level . 1,078
Mean family income . . . .. .$1,881
Section 235 home mortgages:
In 1969 . . . . .. . 0
In 1970 . ... . . .... .. 2
In 1971 . . . .. .. 15
In 1972 a . . . . ... .. 2
Total . . . . ... . .19

aThe count is for only six months.
Source: [14].





Table 19.--Number of public housing units as of December 31, 1971


Item


As of December 31, 1971, Madison County is among 19 counties having
no public housing projects.





































ECONOMY AND LABOR FORCE

CHARACTERISTICS











Table 20.--Selected farm characteristics, Madison County, 1964 and 1969


It County Florida
Item Unit 1969
1969 1964

Total farms ... ... .. . No. 737 749 35,586
Land in farms. . . . .. Acres 205,356 199,995 14,031,998
Average size of farms. . .... Acres 278.6 267.0 394.3
Total cropland. . . .. Acres 85,796 76,496 3,774,119
Harvested cropland . . ... Acres 35,023 45,700 2,234,036
Woodland a . . . Acres 74,742 94,272 3,814,187
Value of land and buildings per farm $ $47,254 $29,692 $139,818
Number of farms:
Sales of $20,000 and over. ...... No. 103 62 6,654
Sales of $10,000 to $19,999. ..... No. 85 84 3,335
Sales of $5,000 to $9,999. . No. 117 127 4,537
Sales of $2,500 to $4,999. . .. No. 130 144 5,570
Class 6 b . . . No. 79 125 2,659
Part-timec . . ..... No. 152 127 9,551
Part retirement d. . . No. 71 80 3,238
Abnormal e . . .... No. 0 0 42
Farm products sold:
Crops. . . . .. $ 3,153,096 3,349,582 731,733,327
Livestock products . . .. $ 4,968,398 1,749,859 395,241,624
Forest products. .. . ...... $ 157,951 117,125 5,099,176
Total sales .. ...... $ 8,279,445 5,217,550 1,132,074,127
Average value sold per farm .... $ 11,233 6,966 31,812

a Includes woodland pasture.
b Value of products sold $50-$2,500 and an operator under 65 yrs. who did not work off farm
100 days or more during year.
c Value of products sold $50-$2,500 and an operator under 65 yrs. who worked off farm 100
days during year.
d Value of products sold $50-$2,500 and an operator over 65 yrs.
e Institutional, experimental and research farms and those run by agencies.

Source: [16, pp. 313-320].


__













Table 21.--Basic labor market information, Madison County


Item


Total population . . . .
Civilian labor force . . .
Total unemployed . . . .
Unemployment rate, percent . .
Total employment . . . .
Nonagricultural employment . .
Wage and salary workers . .
Manufacturing . . .
Construction . . .
Transportation and public utilities .
Wholesale and retail trade . .
Finance, insurance, and real estate
Service and other wage and salary .
Government . . .
All other nonagricultural . .
Agricultural employment . . .
Self-employed and unpaid family workers
Wage and salary workers (hired labor) .


March 1971 March 1972


- Number -
13,400 13,400
3,300 3,860
160 100
4.8 2.6
3,140 3,760
2,540 3,040
2,140 2,580
700 980
100 80
100 100
540 560
60 60
222 220
420 580
400 460
600 720
340 440
260 280


Source: [7 ].












Table 22.--Local government payrolls and employees for Madison County
area, October 1967a


Payrolls and
Item Employees

Dollars
Payroll:
October payroll . . .. 233,000
Education . . . 171,000
Teachers only . ... .... 129,000
Functions other than education. .. 61,000
Average monthly earnings, full time
employees:
Teachers . . . .. 511
Others. .... . . 370

Local government employees: Number
Total . . . . 585
Full time . .... ... 498
Part-time . . .... *87
Full time equivalent employment 530
Education . . . 347
Teachers only . . .. 253
Functions other than education . 183
Highways . . ..... 22
Public welfare . . 3
Hospitals . . . 76
Health . . .0
Police protection ........ 20
Fire protection ......... 5
Sewerage . . .. 2
Sanitation other than sewerage. .. 19
Parks and recreation. ... ... 2
Natural resources . .. 0
Housing and urban renewal . 0
Corrections . . . 2
Libraries . . . .10
Financial administration. . 13
General control . . .. 3
Water supply . ..... 2
Other local utilities . 4
Other and unallocable . ... 50

a In general, local governments account for somewhat more than
one-half of all civilian employment. Includes county and municipal
employees.
Source: [26, Table 20].












Table 23.--Employment and payroll of covered workers, Madison County,
1972


Employing Total Average
Industry units, quarter annual monthly
average payroll employment
Number Dollars Number
Agriculture, forestry, and
fisheries ...... 0 0 0
Mining . ... 0 0 0
Contract construction. 5 93,294.49 25
Manufacturing. ..... 31 3,455,796.90 717
Transportation, communica-
tion, electric, gas,
and sanitary services 3 290,433.84 53
Wholesale trade. .... 9 315,673.38 61
Retail trade ...... 46 1,453,225.22 401
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ..... 6 248,610.48 52
Services . ... 11 314,269.39 94
State and federal govern-
ment . .... 0 0 0
Other nonmanufacturing 4 235,377.33 46
Total, all industries 115 6,406,681,03 1,449

a Services include hotels and other lodging places, personal
services, miscellaneous business services, miscellaneous and auto
repair and services, motion pictures, amusement and recreation, medical
and health services, legal services, educational services, nonprofit
membership organization, miscellaneous services.
Source: [ 9].






29






Table 24.--Payrolls for retail and wholesale trade, Madison County, 1967


Item Number


Retail trade:
Establishments . . . ... 155
With payroll . . . . 86
Payroll, entire year . . ... $ 1,097,000
Paid employees, week including March 12. 348
Wholesale trade:
Establishments . . . 8
Payroll, entire year . . ... $ 316,000
Paid employees, week including March 12. 65


Source: [25, p. 98, 99].




Table 25.--Receipts and number of establishments for selected
services, Madison County, 1967


Selected services


Establishments . . . .
With payroll . . . .
Receipts:
Total, all establishments . .
Change in 1963-1967. . . .
Establishments with payroll. . .
Receipts, all establishments:
Motels, hotels, and camps. . .
Automotive repair and services . .
Amusement and recreation including movies.
Establishments with payroll:
Payroll, entire year . . .
Paid employees, week including March 12. .


Number


70
40.0%

$904,000
48.4%
68.6%

NA
NA
NA

$224,000
64


Source: [25, Table 2, p. 99].


I
a Total includes kinds of businesses not shown separately.
NA-not available.


I













Table 26.--Sales of retail and wholesale trade, Madison County, 1967


Trade


Retail trade:
Establishments with payroll . .
Total sales by establishments:
Food stores . . . .
Automotive dealers. . . .
General merchandise stores. . .
Eating and drinking places. . .
Gasoline service stations . .
Furniture, home furnishing, and equipment
stores . .... .
Building materials, hardware, and farm
equipment dealers . . .
Apparel and accessory stores. . .
Drug stores and proprietary stores. .
Total sales, all establishments .
Change of sales from 1963-1967. . .
Wholesale trade:
Total sales . . . .
Merchant wholesalers. . . .


Percent


86.2

30.4
16.3
4.7
3.5
13.7

3.5

10.0
3.1
2.4

17.6



8.4


a Total includes businesses not listed separately.

Source: [ 5 p. 98, 99].




Table 27.--Assets and liabilities of commercial banks, Madison County



Item February
Item --------, -------
1972 1973
- Dollars - -
Loans and discounts 5,089,000 8,482,000
Total deposits . .. 17,856,000 20,417,000
Time deposits . .. 9,803,000 10,878,000
Demand deposits . .. 1,486,000 9,539,000


Source: [1, Table 6.202].


--













Table 28.--Motor vehicle tags by type of vehicle, Madison County,
1971-72


Vehicle County Florida

- Number - -
Passenger cars . .. 4,623 3,892,619
Buses . . . 15 10,753
Trucks . . .. 1,876 592,860
Trailers . .. 629 691,834
Motorcycles . ... 58 125,716
Demonstrators and misc.. 66 46,520
Total . . .. 7,267 5,360,302

Source: [1, Table 16.312].








Table 29.--Gasoline sold by fiscal year, Madison County



Fiscal year Volume


1959-1960
1967-1968
1968-1969
1969-1970
1970-1971
1971-1972


Gallons
4,622,000
5,99 7,000
6,067,000
6,740,000
7,339,000
8,319,000


Source: [1, Table 7.192].













Table 30.--Types of fuel used for heating, cooking, and water heating,
Madison County, 1970


House Water
Item H Water Cooking Total
heating heating

Fuel: - Number of units -
Utility gas . . 749 384 415 1,548
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.a 414 0 94 508
Electricity . .. 173 1,424 1,598 3,195
Bottled, tank or LP gas 1,814 801 1,630 4,245
Other fuel b . .. 755 0 220 975
No fuel . . .. 52 1,348 0 1,400
Total . . .. 3,957 3,957 3,957 --


a Includes also gasoline, alcohol and other combustible fuels.
b Includes coal, coke, wood, and any fuel not separately listed.

Sources: [1, Table 8.692 and 19, Table 62].





Table 31.--Types of water supply and sewage disposal by housing units,
Madison County, 1970


Item


Water source:
Public system or private
Individual well .
Other. . . .
Total ... . .
Sewage disposal:
Public sewer . .
Septic tank or cesspool.
Other . .
Total . .


company
. .


.1


Total


Number
1,992
2,108
160
4,260


771
2,415
1,134
4,320


Sources: [1, Table 8.692 and 19, Table 62].





































PUBLIC SECTOR CHARACTERISTICS;

FINANCES, FACILITIES, SERVICES













Table 32.--Public assistance by program, Madison County


Program Cases or Payments
Program
recipients Total Average

Number Dollars -
Old Age Assistance (72-73) 482 a 428,338 74.06
Aid to the Blind (72-73) 15 a 15,454 85.86
Aid to the Disabled (72-73). 164 a 165,442 84.07
Aid to Families with Dependent
Children (72-73) . 1,521 a 394,910 21.64
Total direct assistance. 2,182 a 1,004,144 38.35
Social Security (Dec. 1972). 2,280 184,000 100.00
Enrollment in Health Insurance
Program for the Aged
(Medicare, 1970) type:
Hospital and/or medical
insurance . .. 1,663 347,000 NA
Hospital insurance ..... 1,641 267,000 NA
Supplementary medical insur. 1,589 80,000 NA
Old-Age, Survivors, Disability,
and Health Insurance Benefi-
ciaries (6-30-72):
Retired workers. ..... 1,058 241,000 NA
Disabled workers ..... 180 27,000 NA
Others b . . .. 1,163- 83,000 NA


a Average recipients per month.
b Dependents of retired and disabled workers, survivors,
age 72 beneficiaries.


and special


Sources: [I, Tables 17.172, 17.392, 25, p. 94, i0.., p. 12j.


Table 33.--Tax base millages, Madison County, 1971


Type Tax base

Mills
Total general millage . ... 11.78
County general millage ..... 3.78
School general millage ..... 8.00
Percent change in total general
millage 1971-70. . . 0


Source: [1, Table 20.382].







35











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Table 35.--Assessed value of property subject to local government
property taxation, Madison County, 1971
1


Item


Gross assessed value (before partial
exemptions):
Total, including state-assessed property.
Locally assessed property:
Real property . . . .
Personal property .. . .
Tax exempt proportion of locally assessed
value:
Real property . . .. .
Personal property . . .
Assessed value subject to tax, after
deduction of partial exemption:
Total . . . . .
State assessed property . . .
Locally assessed property (total) .
Real property . . .
Personal property . . .
Percent of assessed value subject to tax
(total 100% for each area):
State assessed property . . .
Locally assessed property:
Real property . . .
Personal property . . .


t


Assessed value


Dollars

100,496,000

90,651,000
6,954,000


11,350,000
11,000


89,135,000
2,891,000
86,244,000
79,301,000
6,943,000

Percent
3.2

89.0
7.8


Source: [28, Table 4].











Table 36.--Assessed valuation of non-exempt property as basis for
school taxes and fiscal data on effort to finance public
schools, Madison County, 1971-72


Item Amount

Non-exempt assessed valuation of property:
1970-71 . . . . $59,534,000
1971-72 . . . . .. $66,346,000
County percent increase from 1962-1972. 599.34
County percent of state total in 1972 . 0.15
Valuation per pupil in average daily
attendance 1971-72 .. . . $20,153
Percent of county revenue from local sources. 15.50
Required local effort per pupil in average
daily attendance 1971-72 . .. $73.56
Local effort required to participate in
Minimum Foundation Program (1971-72) .. $255,000

Source: [ 1 Table 4.462].


Table 37.--Revenues for Madison County, 1971



Item Revenue

Total millage . . ... 3.78 mills
Assessment: Dollars
Exempt . . . ... 18,439,010
Non-exempt. . . .... 66,352,591
Ad valorem. . . ... 225,040
Tax redemptions . . .. 41
Special tax . . ... 57,186
Tax delinquent lands . .. 0
Utility . . . .... ..0
Cigarette tax ..... . . 4,540
Fees. . . . ... 25,608
Licenses and permits. . .. 5,380
Fines and forfeitures . 52,373
Investment. . . . ... 11,240
Federal revenue . . .. 15,991
State revenue . . .. 343,036
Other . . . ... 16,700
Total revenue . . .. .757,138


Source: [6].















Table 38.--Expenditures for Madison County, 1971


Expenditures


General government:
Current .. ..
Capital outlay.
Total . .
Public safety:
Court . .
Sheriff's office.
Other . .
Total . .


Public works. . . .
Health and welfare. . .
Culture and recreation. .
Economic development . .
Payments for debt service .
Other . . . .
Total expenditure . .


Source: [6 ,.


Dollars


+


176,271
8,121
184,392

35,835
85,719
15,115
100,834

219,005
109,656
19,251
34,367
0
22,460
725,800


. .


. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .












Table 39.--Revenues for cities of Madison and Greenville, 1971


City of Madison City of Greenville
Revenues Unit
Unt Total Per capital Total T Per capital

Population ...... No. 4,500 --- 1,141
City employees ..... No. 54 --- 0 --
Exempt valuation $ 7,355,570 $1,634.57 $1,468,680 $1,287.19
Non-exempt valuation $ 10,050,1-59 2,233.37 1,244,824 1,090.99
Operating millage. ... Mills 8.00 9.5 10.00 1.2
Total millage. ..... ills 8.00 --- 10.00
Total ad valorem .. $ 76,512 17.00 11,868 10.40
Utility service tax $ 47,164 10.48 6,075 5.32
Franchise fees ..... $ 16,854 3.75 0 0
Utility fees ..... $ 32,995 7.33 7,632 6.69
Licenses and permits $ 10,939 2.43 3,045 2.67

Fines and forfeitures. $ 21,908 4.87 4,692 4.11
Investment income. .. $ 0 0 0 0
Enterprise funds . $ 30,000 6.67 0 0
Other revenues ..... $ 2,490 .55 2,788 2.44
State shared:
Cigarette tax. ... $ 65,243 14.50 16,959 14.86
Gasoline tax ..... $ 557 .12 105 .09
Total revenues . .$ 304,662 67.70 53,164 46.59

Source: [6 1.


-- --













Table 40.--Expenditures for cities of Madison and Greenville, 1971


City of Madison City of Greenville
Expenditures
Total Per capital Total Per capital
- Dollars - -
General government .. 46,728 10.38 40,196 35.23
Public safety . .. 100,871 22.42 2,760 2.42
Public works . .. 108,132 24.03 4,991 4.37
Health and welfare 0 0 0 0
Culture and recreation 9,042 2.01 0 0
Subsidies to enterprises 0 0 0 0
Other expenses . 0 0 278 .24
Debt service . .. 2,040 .45 0 0
Total expenditures . 266,813 59.29 48,225 42.27
Debt:
Debt millage ... 0 0 0 0
General obligation bonds 0 0 0 0
Revenue bonds. ... 488,000 108.44 0 0
Other bonds . 0 0 0 0
Total bonds . 488,000 108.44 0 0
Enterprise funds:
Enterprise income. 213,658 47.48 0 0
Enterprise expenditure 192,658 42.81 .0 0

Source: [6].












Table 41.--Distributions to Madison County and municipalities from
state sources and state tax collections by major sources
of revenue, 1971-72

City
Item County City
Greenville Madison


Source of distribution
Total gasoline, special
fuel, and motor fuel tx
2 gas and special fuel
tax to State Board
of Admin. for County
Road Bonds. . .
7th gas and special
fuel tax. . .
8thC motor fuel tax .
Auto mileage tax to Board
of Administration .
Beverage licenses .
Mosquito control-state
matching . .
Gas and oil production tx
Insurance agents county
license tax . .
Cigarette tax . .
Other a . .
Total . . .
Source of revenue
Sales and use tax .
Gasoline taxes. . .
Motor vehicle licenses. .
Racing taxes. . .
Cigarette taxes . .
Documentary stamp taxes .
Documentary stamp tax:
Surtax . .
Hunting and fishing
licenses. . .
Occupational licenses .
Intangible taxes. .
Total . . .


- - Dollars - -


565,737.21



361,480.77


180,860.52
23,295.92

14,345.11
336.00

13,930.11
0

468.00
5,777.52

600,593.95


546,640.21
658,395.16
188,590.03
0
161,266.52
35,930.00


7,535.00

17,300.75
6,182.47
24,743.72
1,646,583.86


3,820.68 12,513.42


25.00
60.80


19,629.30

23,535.78


50.00
152.00


55,973.89
3,707.30
72,396.61


a Other includes Firemen's
Police Officer's Retirement Fund.


Relief and Pension Fund and Municipal


Source: [4, pp. 368-369, 372-379, 364-365].















Table 42.--Distributions to county schools from Minimum Foundation
and other foundation programs, Madison County, 1971-72


Item


*1-


General revenue appropriations:
Grades K-12:
Instructional salaries . .
Transportation . . .
Other current expenses . .
Educational improvement expenses .
Average daily attendance supplement. .
EIE school lunch supplement. . .
County school sales tax fund .... ..
Total K-12 (exclusive of capital
outlay and debt service) . .
Additional capital outlay. . .
Junior colleges . . .
Driver education . . .
Total from General Revenue Fund. .
County Capital Outlay and Debt Service
School Fund:
Capital outlay . . .
Board of Administration Debt Servikce
Interest on investments. . .
Total from trust fund. . . .
Total from state funds . . .


Distribution


Dollars


869,505.00
59,514.00
342,701.00
260,724.00
37,895.00
16,162.22
79,923.00

1,682,143.22

1,214,961.00
26,809.94
2,901,559.38


53,749.58
58,162.64
868.67
112,780.89
3,014,340.27


Source: [4, p. 366-367].













Table 43.--Federal government distributions for school programs,
Madison County, fiscal year ending June 30, 1972


Program Distributions


Dollars
Educational Aid Trust Fund a .... . 342,088.00
Food and nutrition services:
Elementary and secondary educational aid to
counties b .. .. ... . 188,254.49
Manpower development:
Training, vocational, education, and aid to
counties . . . . 0
Total . . . . . 530,342.49

a Includes: Adult Basic Education Funds; Civil Defense, U.S.;
Elementary and Secondary Education, U.S.; Vocational Education Act of
1963; National Defense Education Act Funds; and Veterans, U.S. Funds.
b Does not include $413.12 cancellations and restorations.
Source: [4, p. 380].



Table 44.--Schools by type, Madison County



Type of school 1971-72 1972-73

Number -
Kindergarten only . . .. 0 0
Elementary only . . 6 6
Elementary and high school:
Elementary and junior high . 0 0
Elementary and senior high 0 0
High school only:
Junior high . . .... 3 3
Senior high . . . 1 1
Junior-senior high . ... 0 0
4-year high . . .. 1 1
Total . . . . 11 11
Kindergartens counted as part of ele-
mentary school . . 4 4

a Elementary and secondary departments each counted as a school.

Source: [3].












Table 45.--School enrollment by grade level and age, Madison County,
1970


School enrollment Enrollment

Number
Total enrolled, 3-34 years old 4,384
Nursery school . . .. .23
Public . . .... 0
Kindergarten . . .. .153
Public .. . . .116
Elementary, 1-8 years. .... .. 2,386
Public . . . .2,349
High school, 1-4 years .. 1,118
Public . . . .1,083
College. . . . ... 704
Percent
Percent enrolled, 3-34 years old .. 61.1
3 and 4 years old. . . ... 7.0
5 and 6 years old. . . ... 67.3
7 to 13 years old . . .. .99.5
14 and 15 years old. . ... 92.2
16 and 17 years old. . ... 92.4
18 and 19 years old. . . .79.2
20 and 21 years old. . ... 34.7
22 to 24 years old . . .. .46.7
25 to 34 years old . . .. .2.9


Source: [24, Table 120].

Table 46.--Enrollment, average daily attendance, average daily member-
ship of pupils at close of year for the fiscal year 1972-73,
Madison County

Average Daily Membership at
Grades Enrollment Ar close of
Attendance Membership year
- Number - -
Kindergarten 219 183 203 201
Grades 1-12 3,654 3,119 3,315 3,355
Grades 1-6 1,906 1,677 1,781 1,792
Grades 7-9 940 826 884 883
Grades 10-12. 808 616 650 680
Total . .. 3,873 3,302 3,518 3,556
Promoted, K-12 3,466
Not promoted, K-12. -- -- 90


Source: f3].






45





Table 47.--Number of high school graduates continuing their education
and type of institution entered, Madison County, 1971


Item Graduates


Number
Total high school graduates. . 189
Public . . . ... 189
Private. . . . ... 0
Continuing at junior college:
Public . . . ... 51
Private. . . . ... 0
Continuing at senior college or university:
Public . . . . 11
Private. . . . ... .
Continuing at out-of-state college ... 4
Continuing at technical, trade and other:
In Florida . . . ... 12
Out-of-state .. . . .... .0


Source: [1, Table 4.922].







46





Table 48.--Instructional positions in public school system, Madison
County


Positions Fiscal year
1971-72 i 1972-73
Number -
Supervisors of instruction (general and
special subjects) . . ... 2 2
Principals and supervising principals:
Kindergarten only . . .. 0 0
Elementary. . . ... 3 3
High school . . . .2 2
Elementary and high school. ..... 5 5
Total principals. . . ... 10 10
Teachers:
Men:
Kindergarten. . .. .. . 0 0
Grades 1-6 . . ... .4 5
Grades 7-9. . . .. 20 21
Grades 10-12 . . ... .15 15
Women:
Kindergarten. . . ... 5 5
Grades 1-6 . . ... 75 77
Grades 7-9. ........... 26 25
Grades 10-12. . .. ... 26 27
Total teachers. . . ... 171 175
Other instructional staff:
Librarians:
Grades 1-6 . . ... 1 1
Grades 7-12 . . .. 4 4
Guidance:
Grades 1-6 . . ... 4 2
Grades 7-12 . . .. 5 5
Psychological and other:
Grades 1-6 . . . 1 0
Grades 7-12 . . .. 2 1
Total other instructional staff . 17 13
Other county-wide instructional per-
sonnel. .... . . 2 2
Total full-time instructional personnel 202 202


Source: [3].





47





Table 49.--Pupil mobility in public schools during one year, grades
K-12, Madison County, 1971-72


Components of change Pupils


Number
Total enrollment . . .. 3,963
Withdrawals a . . . .. 391
First-time entries . . 3,807
Transfers from out-of-statec .... 50
Transfers from other districts c 106

a May have been to enter another school in this or another state or
to leave school.
b Pupils who had not previously entered any other school during the
1971-72 school year. First-time entries would be 100.0 percent of the
enrollment if no "new" pupils entered during the school year.
c Pupils who transferred during the 1971-72 school year, not at
the beginning of the year.
Source: f[, Table 4.192].


Table 50.--Characteristics of public school
K-12, Madison County, 1971-72


bus operations, grades


Characteristic Unit Amount

Funds for pupil transportation. . Dollars $149,483
Pupils transported at public expense. Percent 60.46
School bus mileage:
Morning trips . . .. Miles 847.30
Extra-curricularb . . .. Miles 9,210
Pupils transported less than 2 miles. Percent 16.98
School bus drivers. . . ... Number 37
Average monthly salary. . .... Dollars $242.48


a Combined mileage of all school buses,
figure gives approximate total daily mileage.
b Estimated.


one way. Doubling this


Source: [1, Tables 4.962, 4.982].












Table 51.--Summary of revenues and expenditures of schools including
grades K-12, Madison County, fiscal year, 1972-73



Revenues and expenditures County State


Revenues
Federal sources. . .
State sources. . .
Federal through state. .
Local sources. . .
Total revenue. . .
Total nonrevenue receipts. .
Remittances from other sources
Total revenues and receipts..
Transfers. . . .
Beginning balances . .
Total revenues, receipts, trans-
fers, and balances . .
Adjustments to fund balance. .
Total revenues, receipts, trans-
fers, balances and adjustments
Remittances to other districts
and agencies. . . .
Total expenditures and remittances
Transfers . . .
Ending balance. . . .
Adjustments .. . .....
Total expenditures, transfers,
reserves, balances, and adjust-
ments . . . .
Expenditures
Administration. . .
Current expenses-all funds:
Instruction . . .
Operation of plant. . .
Maintenance of plant. .
Auxiliary services. . .
Fixed charges.. . .
Total current expenses (day
schools) . . .
Non-program schools . .
Total current expenses (all
schools) . . .
Capital outlay . .
Debt service . .
Total expenditures (all funds)


Dollars

0
2,203,004.81
420,823.27
513,065.66
3,136,893.74
5,160.00
0
3,142,053.74
191,889.51
480,258.85

3,814,202.10
0

3,814,202.10

2,999.87
3,207,407.28
191,889.51
408,253.87
6,651.44


3,814,202.10


112,828.26

2,033,734.81
167,031.34
98,089.96
406,829.71
207,511.82

3,026,025.90
0

3,026,025.90
123,167.98
55,213.53
3,204,407.41


Percent of total


0
57.8
11.0
13.5
82.2
.1
0
82.4
5.0
12.6

100.0
0

100.0

.1
84.1
5.0
10.7
.2


100.0


3.5

63.5
5.2
3.1
12.7
6.5

94.4
0

94.4
3.8
1.7
100.0


2.2
42.3
4.9
27.0
76.5
4.3
.1
80.8
2.9
16.3

99.9
0

100.0

.1
78.0
2.9
2.9
16.1


100.0


2.4

62.4
6.0
2.7
5.6
7.4

86.6
.2

86.8
8.4
4.8
100.0






49





Table 52.--Disbursements of the county government for welfare,
Madison County, fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1971


Social services Operating Capital
expenses outlay

- Dollars -
Foster home care. . .. 0 0
Federal commodities. . 15,805.36 225.00
Welfare administration. . ... 3,956.00 0
Welfare services. . .. .6,300.00 0
Mental health . . .. 1,108.00 0
Tubercular care . . .. 217.50 0
State-county welfare participation. 24,503.01 0
Health unit or department .. 990.25 51.00
County cemeteries. . .0 0
County hospitals. . ... 56,500.00 0
Homes for infirm. .. . .0 0
Parental homes. . . ... 0 0
Juvenile or detention homes 0 0
Neighborhood youth corps. . 0 0
Legal aid . . .. 0 0
Total . . . 109,380.12 276.00


Source: [5 ].


Table 53.--Old-age, survivors, disability, and health insurance, by
number of beneficiaries with monthly cash benefits in
current-payment status by age and sex, Madison County,
December, 1972

Number of
Beneficiaries by age and sex Beneficiaries
Beneficiaries

Total . . . . 2,401
Under age 60:
Under 18 years. . . .. 446
18-21 years ............ 51
22-59 years . ..... 235
Age 60 and over:
Male. . . . .... 788
Female. . . . .... 881
60-61 years . . ... 47
62-64 years . . ... 286
65-71 years . . ... 646
72 and over ............. 690


Source: [1, Table 17.192].












Table 54.--Department of Health, Education, and Welfare: Domestic
assistance program recipients and funds obligated, Madison
County, fiscal 1973


Agency Dollars


Food and Drug Administration . .. 0
Health services and Mental Health Administra-
tion . . . . ... 41,576
National Institute of Health . .. 0
Office of Education. .. . .. 0
Office of the Secretary. . .. 0
Social and Rehabilitation Service. .. 0
Social Security Administration ...... 11,817,861
Special institutions . . ... .0
Total. . . . . .. 11,859,437


Source: [.29q p.71].


Table 55.-Amount paid by food stamp recipients, bonus, total and
average value of food stamps for the month of January,
1973, Madison County


Recipients Number


Households . . ... 885
Persons . . . .... 3,098
Amount paid by recipients. ..... $26,984
Bonus (free) value . .. $47,157
Total value issued ........... $74,141
Average stamp value per household. $83.78


Increased food purchasing power.
Source: [1, Table 17.842].













Table 56.--Professionals in state licensed health occupations,
Madison County, May, 1971

Number per
Personnel Total 1,000
population

Number -
Medical doctors . .. 6 .45
Doctors of osteopathy . .0 ---
Dentists . . . 3 .22
Registered nurses . ... 20 1.48
Licensed practical nurses . 18 1.34
Pharmacists . . .. 5 .37
Dental hygienists . ... 0 ---
Chiropractors . .0 ---
Veterinarians . . ... 1 .07
Optometrists . . .. 1 .07
Physical therapists . ... 0 ---
Opticians . . .. 0 ---
Sanitarians . . .. 1 .07
Nursing home administrators ... 1 .07
Psychologists . . ... 0 ---
Podiatrists . . .. 0 ---
Naturppaths . 0. ---


Source: [11]






Table 57.--Existing medical facilities, number of beds, Madison
County, 1971


Medical facility Facilities Beds


Number -
General hospitals . . .. 1 35
Long-term care facilities . .. 0 0
Nursing homes . . .. 1 52
Tuberculosis hospitals . ... 0 0
Homes for the aged . . ... 0 0
Diagnostic or treatment centers 0 0
Rehabilitation facilities . .. 0 0
Public health centers a 1 NA


a Includes principal units and auxiliary facilities.

Source: [1, Table 3.532].






52





Table 58.--Resident deaths from certain causes, 1972, and incidence
of certain reportable diseases, 1971, Madison County


Cause of death and incidence of disease County Florida


Cause of death: Number -
Cardiovascular:
Heart disease. . . ... 71 30,626
Vascular lesions of central nervous
system ........... .. 10 9,289
Aortic aneurism and certain arterial
disease. . . . ... 2 1,210
General arteriosclerosis . .. 0 1,088
Cancer . . . . 24 15,979
Diabetes mellitus. . . ... 3 1,384
Cirrhosis of the liver . .. .0 1,447
Respiratory diseases:
Tuberculosis ....... 0 223
Influenza and pneumonia . .. .5 2,195
Bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma. 2 1,627
Maternal deaths. . .... 0 23
Violent deaths:
Motor vehicle accidents. . ... 7 2,415
Other accidents. . . ... 3 2,312
Suicides . . . .1 1,112
Homicides. . . . ... 2 968
Total deaths from all causes .. . 130 71,898
Incidence of disease:
Chicken pox. . . . ... 0 2,594
German measles . . .. 1,818
Gonorrhea. . . ... .. 10 30,659
Hepatitis infectious . . .. .5 2,191
Influenza. . . .... 0 9,634
Measles. . . . ... 0 2,365
Mumps. . ... . 0 2,995
Salmonellosis. . . ... 0 1,517
Streptococcal infectious .... 0 8,370
Syphilis . . . .. .12 3,651a
Tuberculosis . . . .. 1 1,551b

aIncludes 53 state and federal prison-hospital patients.
b Includes 34 state and federal prison-hospital patients.

Source: [I, Tables 3.292, 3.282].





53






Table 59.--Admissions of patients to the state mental hospital
system, by type of admission, Madison County, 1972


Admissions County Florida

Number -
Rate of admissions per 100,000 civilian
population . . . 104.5 75.8
Type of admission:
Total . . . ... 14 5,472
County Court. . . ... 11 3,760
Criminal and circuit court ..... 0 531
Certified . . .. 1 713
Voluntary . . ... 2 387
Other . . . ... 0 81


a1972 population estimates by Bureau of the Census.
Source: [1, Table 3.632].





































MISCELLANEOUS














Table 60.--Areas of selected places, Madison County, 1960


Area Population, 1960
Location
oTotal Land nland Total Per sq.
Total Land water mile
-- -Square miles - Number -
Madison County ... 708 702.9 5.1 14,154 20.1
Greenville division. 263.8 261.7 2.1 4,080 15.6
Greenville . .9 .9 0 1,318 1464.4
Remainder of division 262.9 260.8 2.1 2,762 10.6
Madison, north division 166.8 166.3 .5 3,310 19.9
Madison, south division 277.4 274.9 2.5 6,764 24.6
Madison . .. 2.2 2.2 0 3,239 1472.3
Remainder of division 275.2 272.7 2.5 3,525 12.9


Source: 15 ].





Table 61.--Farms, land in farms, and land use, by size of farm,
Madison County, 1969

Farms with harvested cropland
Farms Farms -
Total Total acres Acres of
in farms tharv. cropl.


All farms .
Farms with:
1 to 9 A
10 to 49 A
50 to 69 A .
70 to 99 A .
100 to 139 A.
140 to 179 A.


to 219 A.
to 259 A.
to 499 A.
to 999 A.
to 1,999
and over


Number
737


28
116
43
86
93
67
52
49
114
62
14
13


Acres
205,356

103
3,587
2,459
7,051
10,630
10,597
10,399
11,742
40,227
40,201
19,010
49,350


- Number -
108,856

77
2,570
1,379
5,379
7,889
9,022
8,982
10,538
36,621
34,394
19,010
44,995


35,023

66
988
643
1,481
1,946
2,257
2,188
2,509
8,653
9,387
3,037
1,868


Source: [16, p. 313].


180
220
260
500
1,000
2,000













Table 62.--Forest land area: Madison County, 1970


Type of land County Florida


Thousands of acres -
All land . . .. 456.8 35,179.4
Forest land:
Commercial . . .. 323.9 16,231.6
Unproductive . .. O0 1,606.9
Productive reserved . Oa 94.4
Total . . . 323.9 17,932.9
Non-forest land . ... 132.9 17,246.5

a Less than 50 acres.

Source: [1, Table 11.362].








Table 63.--Farm sales of forest products, Madison County, 1969
and 1964

1969 1964
Forest products Farms Sales Fams Sales
reporting_ reporting Sales


Number Dollars Number Dollars
Standing timber or trees 11 $23,069 39 $52,924
Firewood and fuelwood 2 36 NA NA
Sawlogs and veneer logs. 13 38,317 NA NA
Pulpwood . . .... 37 80,560 NA NA
Other forest products. 4 8,739 NA NA


Source: [16, p. 320].














Table 64.--Weather data, Madison Weather Station, Madison County, 1973


January.
February
March. .
April. .
May. .
June .

July .
August .
September.
October.
November
December


Inches
5.33
4.40
NA
NA
6.26
NA


- Degrees Farenheit -
55.5 19 82
52.7 26 76
67.2 38 87
NA NA NA
74.9 52 95
NA NA NA

83.0 70 97
80.8 64 94
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA


Source: [30, p. 2-3].









SOURCES


[1] Bureau of Economic and Business Research, University of Florida.
Florida Statistical Abstract, 1973. Gainesville: Univer-
sity of Florida Press, August, 1973.

[2] Bureau of Economic and Business Research, University of Florida;
Population Studies. Bulletin No. 29. Gainesville: May 1974.

[3] Florida. Commissioner of Education, Commissioner of Education,
Pupil, Personnel, and Financial Data, District School
System, Report for the Fiscal Year 1971-72. Tallahassee:
1973.

[4] Comptroller. Annual Report of the Comptroller, for the
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1972. Tallahassee: 1973.

[5] Comptroller. County Finances and Fee Officers Report,
1971. Tallahassee: 1972.

[6] Department of Administration and Florida League of Cities.
Revenue and Expenditure Data for City and County Governments.
Tallahassee: May 1, 1972.

[7] Department of Commerce, Division of Administration,
Bureau of Research and Statistics. Basic Labor Market
Information. Tallahassee: 1973.

[8] .Department of Commerce, Division of Technical Assistance.
Housing and Population Fact Sheet. Tallahassee: April 1973.

[9] Department of Commerce, Office of Research and Statistics.
Employment and Payrolls, Florida, 1972. Vol. XXV. Tallahassee:
1973.

[10] Department of Health & Rehabilitative Services, Division
of Family Services, Bureau of Financial Services. Annual
Statistical Report, July 1, 1972-June 30, 1973. Tallahassee:
1974.

[11] Department of Health & Rehabilitative Services, Division
of Planning and Evaluation, Bureau of Comprehensive Health
Planning. Florida's Health Manpower. Tallahassee: December, 1973.

[12] Department of Revenue. Florida Ad Valorem Valuations and
Tax Data, 1970-71. Tallahassee: 1972.

[131 Department of Transportation. Biennial Report, July-
June, 1968-1970. Tallahassee: 1971.

[14] Governor. Governor's Task Force on Housing and Community
Development and the Florida Department of Community Affairs,
Housing in Florida. Vol. 5. Tallahassee: 1973.








SOURCES (Continued)


[15] U. S.'Bureau of the Census. Area Measurement Reports: Areas
of Florida 1960. GE-20, 1960, No. 11. Washington: U. S.
Government Printing Office, 1965

[16] Census of Agriculture, 1969, Volume I. Area Reports.
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[17] Census of Housing: 1950. General Housing Characteristics,
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[18] Census of Housing: 1960. State and Small Areas. Florida.
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[19] Census of Housing: 1970. Detailed Housing Characteristics.
Final Report HC [1] B11 Florida. Washington: U. S. Government
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[20] Census of Housing: 1970. General Housing Characteristics.
HC[1] All Florida. Washington: U. S. Government Printing
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[21] U. S. Census of Population: 1950. Volume II, Character-
istics of the Population, Part 10, Florida, Chapter B. Wash-
ington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1952.

[22] U. S. Census of Population: 1960. General Population
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[23] Census of Population: 1970, Florida. General Population
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[24] Census of Population: 1970. General Social and Economic
Characteristics. Final Report PC[1] Cll Florida. Washington:
U. S. Government Printing Office, 1972.

[25] City and County Data Book. Washington: U. S. Government
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[26] .Compendium of Public Employment, 1967 Census of Govern-
ments, Volume 3, Public Employment No. 2. Washington: U. S.
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[27] County Business Patterns, 1972. CBP, 72-11. Washington:
U. S. Government Printing Office, 1972.








i1 ..LS (Continued)


[28] U. S.*Bureau of the Censi
Sales Price Ratios.


ments. Washington:


uS.


Taxable Property Value and Assessment-


Vol. 2, Part 1, 1972 Census of Govern-
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[29] U. S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Financial
Assistance by Geographic Area. July 1, 1972-June 30, 1973.


Publication No. [05] 74-12.
Printing Office, 1974.


Washington:


U. S. Government


[30] U. S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environ-
mental Data Service. Climatological Data, Florida. Vol. 77.
Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1973.


r




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