• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 List of tables
 General social and economic characteristics...
 Housing characteristics
 Public sector characteristics
 Miscellaneous














Group Title: Information for rural development : population, housing, economy, labor force, and public sector
Title: Information for rural development
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 Material Information
Title: Information for rural development population, housing, economy, labor force, public sector ...
Series Title: Economic information report 1-19, 40, 45, 48, 51, 87
Alternate Title: Information for development
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
McCloskey, Elinor F
Publisher: Food and Economics Dept., Florida Cooperative Extension Service and Center for Rural Development, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1975-
 Subjects
Subject: Rural development -- Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Economic surveys -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Rural conditions -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographies.
Statement of Responsibility: E. McCloskey ... et al..
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: Report no.40 (1975), no.45 (1975), no.48 (1976) have title: Information for development.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00026135
Volume ID: VID00001
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Resource Identifier: aleph - 000304000
oclc - 03344466
notis - ABT0570
lccn - 77620826

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    List of tables
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
    General social and economic characteristics of the population
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Housing characteristics
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
    Public sector characteristics
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
    Miscellaneous
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
Full Text
0I

E, McCloskey
R. O. Coppedge


Economic Information


Report 1


Columbia County, Florida

Information For Rural Development
Population, Housing, Economy,
Labor Force, Public Sector


Food and Resource Economics Department
Florida Cooperative Extension Service and
Center for Rural Development
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville 32611


March 1975














TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

LIST OF TABLES. . . . . .. ... .. ii

GENERAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION 1

HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS . . . . .. 13

ECONOMY AND LABOR FORCE CHARACTERISTICS . . .. .19

PUBLIC SECTOR CHARACTERISTICS; FINANCES, FACILITIES, SERVICES 29

MISCELLANEOUS . . . . . . 51

SOURCES . . . . .. ... . ..... 55





LEGEND

NA. . .Not available
--. . .Does not apply
Blank. . .Not available
A. . .Acre
Tx. . .Tax


E. F. McCLOSKEY is a research assistant in food and resource ec-
Onomics. R. O. COPPEDGE is extension resource economist and assistant
professor of food and resource economics.








LIST OF TABLES


Table Page

1 Population characteristics: age by race and rural
residence, Columbia County, 1970. . . . 2

2 Population estimates by age and race for Columbia
County and the State: July 1, 1973 . . . 3

3 Projections of persons aged 60 and over and 75 and
over in Columbia County by averaging the increase over
the last 20 years . . . . ... . 3

4 Components of population change for Columbia County
and Florida . . . . ... . . 4

5 Selected population characteristics, Columbia County,
Lake City, and county subdivisions, 1970. . . 5

6 Years of school completed for population 25 years and
older, total and Black, Columbia County, 1970 . . 6

7 Income and poverty data, total and Black, Columbia
County, 1970. . . .... . . 7

8 Median earnings in 1969 of persons in experienced civilian
labor force for selected occupation groups, Columbia County 8

9 Labor force and occupational characterisitcs, Columbia
County, 1970. . . . . . . 9

10 Industry group of employed persons, Columbia County, 1970 10

11 People in labor force by age and sex, Columbia County,
1970 . . . . ... . . 11

12 Last occupation of experienced unemployed persons,
Columbia County, 1970 . . . .. 11

13 Offenses constituting the crime index, Columbia County,
1972 . . . . ... . . 12

14 Commitment to correctional institutions by race and sex,
Columbia County, 1972-73. ... .. .. . 12

15 Housing profile, Lake City, 1950, 1960, and 1970 . .. 14

16 Housing characteristics, Columbia County, 1970. . ... 15

17 Characteristics of all occupied units in urban and rural
areas, Columbia County, 1970. . . .... .. .15


mwmnwmw








LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table Page

18 Financial characteristics of housing for Columbia
County, 1970. . . . . ... ..... 16

19 Housing occupancy and facilities, Columbia County, 1970 . 17

20 Subsidized housing and number of Section 235 home
mortgages, Columbia County, 1970. ... . . .. 18

21 Number of public housing units as of December 31, 1971. 18

22 Selected farm characteristics, Columbia County, 1969 and 1964 20

23 Basic labor market information, Columbia County . .. 21

24 Local government payrolls and employees for Columbia County
area, October 1967 . . . ... .. .22

25 Employment and payroll of covered workers, Columbia County,
1972 . . . . . . .. 23

26 Payrolls for retail and wholesale trade, Columbia County,
1967 . . . . . . . 24

27 Receipts and number of establishments for selected
services, Columbia County, 1967 . ... .. 24

28 Sales of retail and wholesale trade, Columbia County, 1967. .. 25

29 Assets and liabilities of commercial banks, Columbia County .25

30 Motor vehicle tags by type of vehicle, Columbia County,
1971-72 . . . ... ....... .. 26

31 Gasoline sold by fiscal year, Columbia County . ... 26

32 Types of fuel used for heating, cooking, and water
heating, Columbia County, 1970. . .... 27

33 Types of water supply and sewage disposal by housing
units, Columbia County, 1970. . . . .... 27

34 Tax base millages, Columbia County, 1971. . .... .. .30

35 Comparative analysis taxable valuation of property,
Columbia County, 1971 . . . . 31

36 Assessed value of property subject to local government
property taxation, Columbia County, 1971. . . .. 32

iii








LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table Page

37 Assessed valuation of non-exempt property as basis
for school taxes and fiscal data on effort to finance
public schools, Columbia County, 1971-72. . ... 33

38 Revenues for Columbia County, 1972. . ... .... 33

39 Expenditures for Columbia County, 1971. . .... 34

40 Revenues for Lake City and Fort White, 1971 . ... 35

41 Expenditures for Lake City and Fort White, 1971 ..... 36

42 Distributions to Columbia County and municipalities from
state sources and state tax collections by major sources
of revenue, 1971-72 . .... . .. 37

43 Distributions to county schools from Minimum Foundation
and other foundation programs, Columbia County, 1971-72 38

44 Federal government distributions for school programs,
Columbia County, fiscal year ending June 30, 1972 . .. .39

45 Schools by type, Columbia County. ... . . 39

46 School enrollment by grade level and age, Columbia
County, 1970. . .. .. . . . 40

47 Enrollment, average daily attendance, average daily
membership of pupils at close of year for the fiscal year
1972-73, Columbia County. . ......... .. .40

48 Number of high school graduates continuing their education
and type of institution entered, Columbia County, 1971. 41

49 Instructional positions in public school system, Columbia
County. . ..................... 42

50 Pupil mobility in public schools during one year, grades
K-12, Columbia County, 1971-72 . . . 43

51 Characteristics of public school bus operations, grades
K-12, Columbia County, 1971-72 . ..... .. 43

52 Summary of revenues and expenditures of schools including
grades K-12, Columbia County, fiscal year, 1972-73. . 44

53 Public assistance by program, Columbia County . ... 45








LIST


OF TABLES


(Continued)


Tables


Disbursements


of the


county


government


for welfare,


Columbia


County,


fiscal


year


ending


Sept.


1971


Old-age,


number


survivor


s, disability,


of beneficiaries


and health


with monthly


cas


insurance,
h benefits


current


payment


status


sex,


Columbia


County,


December,


1972


Department


of Health,


Education,


and Welfare:


Domestic


instance


program recipients


funds


obligated,


Columbia


County,


fiscal


1973.


.a e. .


Amount


paid


food


stamp


recipients


bonus,


total,


average
1973, C


value


olumbia


food


County.


stamps


for the month


of January,


. a a S a a a a a a a a


Professionals


in state licensed


health occupations


Columbia


County,


May,


1971


Existing medical


facilities


number


beds


Columbia


County


1971


Resident


deaths


from


certain


causes


, 1972,


incidence


of certain


reportable d


diseases


, 1971,


Columbia


County.


Admissions


system,


of p
type


patients
of admi


to the state mental


ssion,


Columbia


hospital


County,


1972.


Areas


selected


places,


Columbia


County,


1960.


Farms, 1
Columbia


and


in farms,


County


and land


use


, by


1969.


size of farm,
. a a *


Forest


land


area:


Columbia


County,


1970


Farm sales


forest


products,


Columbia


County,


1969


and 1964.


S a a * *a


Weather
1973 .


data,


Lake


City Weather


Station,


Columbia


County,


S * *


ass


Page




































GENERAL SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION












Table l.--Population characteristics:
Columbia County, 1970


age by race and rural residence,


Rural (farm
Age group Total Black and nonfarm
and nonfarm)

Under 5 years. . ... 2,258 653 994
5-9 . . .. 2,724 781 1,240
10-14 . ... 2,918 837 1,297
15-19 . . 2,500 668 1,151
20-24 . . .. 1,819 434 829
25-29 . . 1,641 360 720
30-34 . . 1,358 266 588
35-39 . . .. 1,308 248 551
40-44 . . .. 1,427 278 597
45-49 . .. 1,485 297 587
50-54 . . .. 1,327 287 569
55-59 . . .. 1,143 260 530
60-64 .. ... 1,048 295 476
65 & over . .. 2,294 648 922
Total . . 25,250 6,312 11,051
Median age. . ... 26.2 NA NA

Source: [25].












Table 2.--Population estimates by age and race for Columbia County
and the State: July 1, 1973


Age group County Florida

All races: - Number - -
0-14 years . ... 7,943 1,826,268
15-24 years . 4,965 1,295,634
25-44 years . .. 6,356 1,776,550
45-64 years .. 5,268 1,693,155
65 and over ..... .2,562 1,253,487
All ages . .. 27,093 7,845,093
White:
0-14 years. ..... 5,775 1,430,429
15-24 years .... 3,728 1,063,443
25-44 years . 5,188 1,521,526
45-64 years . 4,212 1,517,212
65 and over . .. 1,838 1,173,231
All ages ....... 20,741 6,705,839
Nonwhite:
0-14 years . 2,168 395,839
15-24 years . 1,237 232,190
25-44 years . 1,169 255,025
45-64 years . 1,056 175,943
65 and over . 723 80,257
All ages . 6,352 1,139,254


Source: [2, p. 2, 3].



Table 3 .--Projections of persons aged 60 and over and 75 and over
in Columbia County by averaging the increase over the
last 20 years


S 60 years 75 years
Years and projections and over and over
and over and over
- Number -
1950 ............... 1,971 406
1970 . . . ... 3,342 800
Average annual increase.. . .68.55 19.70
Projections:
1975 . . . 3,685 899
1980 . . . 4,028 997
1983 . . . 4,223 1,056

Source: { 131.












Table 4.--Components of population change for Columbia County and
Florida


Item County Florida


Population: - Number -
Census (1970) . ... 25,250 6,790,929
Estimate (1973) . ... 27,093 7,845,092
Components of change: a
Total change ........ 1,843 1,054,163
Births . . .. 1,683 366,528
Deaths . ...... 854 258,453
Natural increase . 829 108,075
Net migration c ...... 1,014 946,088
Migration as percentage of 1973
estimated . . 3.74 12.06


aApril 1, 1970 to July 1, 1973.

Birth minus deaths.


cTotal change minus natural increase.


dNet migration divided by 1973 population estimate times 100.


Source: [2, p. 4].














Table 5--Selected population characteristics, Columbia County, Lake City, and county
subdivisions, 1970


Characteristics


Pu -itin. .
Sex:
Male .
Female. .
Race:
White .
Black .
Other .
Age:


Under 18
18 to 64
65 years


years.
years.
& over


In group quar-
ters a .
Households:
Total . .
Black and other
Population in
households:
Total . .
Black and other


Fort White Lake City Lona
Unit i i division div diisioni


No.

No.
No.

No.
No.
No.


No.
No.


2,494

1,200
1,294

1,667
825
2

28.2
37.3
11.0


9


2,485
829


10,575

5,003
5,572

7,223
3,333
19

28.5
35.5
10.9


178


3,442
1,003


10,397
3,304


3,839

1,918
1,921

2,964
874
l'

25.3
38.7
7.6


62


1,082
204


3,777
840


North Watertown-
Columbia Lulu County
division division


1,893

914
979

1,461
432
0


21.2
44.8
6.0


1


497
86


1,892
431


6,449

3,216
3,233

5,597
848
4


25,250

12,251
12,999

18,912
6,312
26


24.6
38.7
7.2


140


1,883
228


6,309
836


390


7,669
1,751


24,860
6,235


aAll living arrangements other than households.

Source: [ 25 Table 33].


i-













Table 6.--Years of school completed for population 25 years and
older, total and Black, Columbia County, 1970

Years of education for
population 25 years Male Female Total
and older


Total population:
No school years com-
pleted .
Elementary:
1 to 4 years. .
5 to 7 years. .
8 years . .
High school:
1 to 3 years. ..
4 years . .
College:
1 to 3 years. .
4 years or more .
Total . .
Median school years
completed . .


- - Number - -


198

670
925
711

1,112
1,480

463
614
6,173

in f.


151

518
935
703

1,443
2,119

525
464
6,858


349

1,188
1,860
1,414

2,555
3,599

988
1,078
13,031


Percent


2.7

9.1
14.3
10.9

19.6
27.6

7.6
8.3
100.0


11 '1


Percent high school
graduates .. 41.4 45.3 43.5


Black population:
No school years com-
pleted . .
Elementary:
1 to 4 years. .
5 to 7 years..
8 years .. ...
High school:
1 to 3 years. .
4 years . .
College:
1 to 3 years. .
4 years or more
Total .. ... .
Median school years
completed . .


- -- Number - -


115

404
291
77

205
170

32
43
1,337


93

316
380
138

300
277

40
83
1,627


208

720
671
215

505
447

72
126
2,964


6.3 8.2 NA


Percent

7.0

24.3
22.6
7.3

17.0
15.1

2.4
4.3
100.0.


Percent high school
graduates 18.3 24.6 21.8

Source: [26, Tables 120, 125].


L .l -












Table 7.--Income and poverty data, total and Black,
1970


Columbia County,


Item Unit Black Total


Persons. . . .. No. 6,312 25,250
Per capital income. ..... $ 1,157 2,329
Families by income class:
Under $3,999 . .. No. 700 1,532
$4,000-$5,999. ..... No. 279 1,032
$6,000-$11,999 ...... No. 294 2,291
$12,000 and over ..... No. 99 1,454
Total . . ... No. 1,372 6,309
Median family income $ 3,906 7,354
Income below poverty level (bpl)
Families below pbverty level No. 659 1,240
Percent of all families. % 48.0 19.7
Mean family income . $ 2,098 1,999
Mean size of family .... No. 4.55 4.16
Civilian male head less than
65 years ........ No. 255 585
Families with female head. No. 270 389
Percent families receiving
public assistance income % 36.1 27.0
Unrelated individuals. No. 387 893.

Persons below poverty level:
Receiving Social Security
income . .. % 10.3 13.6
65 years and over .... % 12.7 15.5
Receiving Social Security
income which are 65
years and over . % 44.0 52.2


Source: [26, Tables 124, 125, 128, 119].












Table 8.--Median earnings in 1969 of persons in experienced civilian
labor force for selected occupation groups, Columbia County


Occupation Earnings

Dollars
Male, 16 yrs. and older with earningsa .. 5,717
Professional, managerial, and kindred ..... 8,827
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred . .... 5,834
Operatives, including transport . . 4,701
Laborers, except farm . . . .. 3,315
Farmers, and farm managers. . .... 3,484
Farm laborers except unpaid and farm foremen. 2,000
Female, 16 yrs. and older with earningsa .. 2,963
Clerical and kindred. . . ... 3,703
Operatives, including transport ..... 2,284

a Includes persons in other occupation groups, not shown separately.

Source: [26, Table 122].


I











Table 9.--Labor force and occupational characteristics, Columbia County,
1970


Labor force characteristics County e State
City

-- Number -- -
Total labor force, 16 yrs. and
over . . .. 9,452 4,086 2,621,554
Male . . 5,825 2,391 1,609,360
Female . ... 3,627 1,695 1,012,194
Civilian labor force. .9,432 4,077 2,521,245
Number employed . .. 9,134 3,931 2,426,268
Percent employed ... 96.8 96.4 96.3
Number unemployed 298 146 94,977
Percent unemployed .. 3.2 3.6 3.8
Occupation of employed:
Professional, technical, and
kindred workers . 1,428 829 335,254
Managers and administrators
except farm . .. .756 351 228,885
Sales workers ...... 591 266 211,110
Clerical and kindred. 1,165 525 433,434
Craftsmen, foremen, and
kindred workers .. 1,460 472 351,331
Operatives, except transport 722 254 209,699
Transport equipment operatives 366 138 88,895
Laborers, except farm 539 208 127,186
Farmers and farm managers 231 18 16,566
Farm laborers and farm fore-
men . . .. 252 31 60,747
Service workers, except
private household .1,349 664 303,620
Private household workers 275 175 59,541
Total . . .. 9,134 3,931 2,426,268


Source: [26, Tables 104, 105, 121, 122].


















Table 1o(-Industry group of employed persons, Columbia County, 1970


Industry Total Black


Total employed, 16 yrs. and older. .. .....
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries .. .. .. .
Mining . . . . . .
Construction . . . . .
Manufacturing:
Durable goods:
Furniture, lumber, and wood products . .
Metal industries . . . .
Machinery except electrical. . . .
Electrical machinery, equipment supplies .
Transportation equipment . . .
Other durable goods . . . .
Nondurable goods:
Food and kindred products. . . .
Textiles and fabricated textile products .
Printing, publishing, and allied products. .
Clremicals and allied products. . . .
Other nondurable goods a/. . . .
Total manufacturing industries . . .
Railroad and rpjlway express Fervie ... .... ...
Trucking services and warehousing . . .
Other transportation . . . .
Communications . . . ....
Utilities and sanitary services . ...
Wholesale trade. . . . . .
Food, bakery, and dairy stores . . .
Eating and drinking places . . . ..
General merchandise retailing. . . .
Motor vehicle retailing and service stations .
Other retail trade . . . . .
Banking and credit agencies. . . .
Insurance, real estate, and other finance . .
Business and repair. . . . .
Private households. . .. ...
Other personal services . . . .
Entertainment and recreation .. . . .
Hospitals . . . . . .
Health services, except hospitals. . . .
Education, government . . . .
Education, private . . . . .
Other education and kindred . . ...
Welfare, religious, and other nonprofit membership
organizations. . . . . .
Legal, engineering, and miscellaneous professions. .
Public administration . . . ....


- Number - -


9,134
655
85
702


236
77
19
123
612
64

87
20
60
102
47
1,447
26
82
,.167
S151
135 J
221
234
279
136 )
323
586
103
197 J
221
287
414
47
773
103
697 )
97
23


1,840
213
0
111


R Includes not specified manufacturing industries.
Source: [26, Tables 123, 127].












Table 11--People in
1970


labor force by age and sex, Columbia County,


Age category Male a Female b

- Percent -

14 and 15 years old. . 16.0 3.8
16 and 17 years old. .. 39.8 21.9
18 and 19 years old. .... 55.8 37.9
20 and 21 years old. .. 76.6 51.7
22 to 24 years old .. 85.5 45.7
25 to 34 years old .. 90.5 53.2
35 to 44 years old .. 92.2 58.1
45 to 64 years old .. 81.9 45.9
65 years and over. ..... 19.2 7.2
Total . . .. .73.2 41.7

a Percent of total male labor force in respective age category.
b Percent of total female labor force in respective age category.

Source: [26, Table 121].


Table 12--Last occupation of experienced
Columbia County, 1970


unemployed persons,


Last occupation of experienced
unemployed 16 yrs. old and over a Male Female Total
- Number -
Professional, technical, and managerial
workers. . . . .. 9 0 9
Sales workers. . . ... 0 0 0
Clerical and kindred workers .. 0 42 42
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred workers 26 0 26
Operatives including transport . 31 37 68
Laborers, except farm. ....... 45 16 61
Farm workers ........... 11 8 19
Service workers including private house-
hold . . . .15 43 58
Total . . . .... .137 146 283


10 years ago, not


a Includes persons who last worked more than
shown separately.
Source: [26, Table 123].










Table 13.--Offenses constituting the
1972


crime index, Columbia County,


Item


Total crime index .. ...
Percent index change 1971-72.
Number of offenses:
Murder . . .
Forcible rape . . .
Robbery . . .
Aggravated assault. . .
Breaking and entering . .
Larceny $50 and over. . .
Auto theft . . .
Crime rate per 100,000 population
Percent rate change 1971-72 .
Percent cleared . . .


County

362
-28.0

2
3
16
26
137
130
48
1,354.7
-29.6
29.3


Unincor-
porated Lake City
area b
219 143
-19.5 -38.1


0
2
9
12
81
83
32
1,412.4
-21.1
28.8


14
56
47
16
1,274.9
-39.5
30.1


a The crime index is the total number of actual offenses or
incidents known to law enforcement officers, not the number of persons
who committed them nor the number of injuries they caused.
b Includes those incorporated jurisdictions which report this
information to the law enforcement agency responsible in that geo-
graphic jurisdiction.
Source: [1, Table 18.034].



Table 14 .--Commitment to correctional institutions by race and sex,
Columbia County, 1972-73


Race and sex 1972-73a 6-30-73b

Number -
White male. . . . .. 12 26
White female. ... . . . 1 1
Black male .. . . 17 27
Black female . . . .3 3
Other male . . . .0 0
Other female . . . ... 0 0
Unknown . .. .. . ..0 0
Unknown . . . . 0 0
Total .................. 33 57
Percent of state total . ..... .66 .55

aDenotes inmates committed to the Division of Corrections during
the fiscal year 1972-73.
bDenotes inmates in the custody of the Division of Corrections
as of June 30, 1973.
Source: [10 p. 61].




































HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS













Table 15 .--Housing profile, Lake City, 1950, 1960, and 1970



Item 1950 1960 1970 Change,
1960 to 1970


Population. . .
Total housing units
Total occupied. .
Owner occupied. .
Renter occupied
Total Black
occupied .
Black owner
occupied. .
Black renter
occupied. .
Vacant . .
Single family .
Multi-family .
Mobile homes .
Public housing.. .
Persons per house-
hold . .
Persons per occupied
unit:
Lake City .
Columbia County .
Florida . .


- - Number -


7,571
2,356
2,234
1,174
1,060

699

322

377
118
NA
NA
NA
0

NA


3.0
3.2
2.8


9,465
3,141
2,835
1,665
1,170

870a

401P

469a
306
NA
NA
NA
0

NA


3.3
3.6
3.1


- % of total
units


10,575
3,792
3,442
2,253
1,189

963

267

696
350
NA
NA
103
0


100.0
100.0
90.8
59.4
31.4

25.4


18.4
9.2



0


Percent


11.7
20.7
21.4
35.3
1.6

10.7


7.0 -33.4


48.4
14.4



0


NA


-9.1
-11.1
-6.5


a 1960 data listed as "nonwhite".

Sources: [19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25].












Table 16.--Housing characteristics, Columbia County, 1970



Characteristic Number Percent of
total units

Units built before 1940. . ... .2,118 25.1
Units lacking some or all plumbing .1,461 17.3
Units with incomplete kitchen facilities or
used by another household. .... .. .759 9.0
Units with 1.01 or more persons per room 894 11.7
Substandard units . . .. 991 12.9
Value/rent ratios:
Number of units valued at 2.5 times or
more the owners' incomes ...... 903 24.2
Number of units renting for 25% or more
of the renters' incomes. . ... 661 34.1
Median number of persons in:
All occupied units . . .. 2.9
Owner occupied units . .. 2.9 --
Renter occupied units. . ... 2.8
Median household income. . ... $5,818
Ratio of number of poverty level families
per subsidized housing unit. ..... 65.3:1 -
Number of subsidized housing units:
Owner occupied. . . .19 .3
Renter occupied. . . .0 0


Source: j8].



Table 17.--Characteristics of all occupied units in urban and rural
areas, Columbia County, 1970


Characteristic of occupied unit Urban Rural Total

- Number -
Lacking one or more plumbing facility. 717 521 1,238
1.51 or more persons per room .. 119 121 240
Lacking one or more plumbing facility
and/or having 1.51 or more persons
per room . . . 784 629 1,413
Percent of total units . . 17.5 19.8 18.4
Total occupied units . . 4,492 3,175 7,667

Source: f161.












Table 18.--Financial characteristics of housing for Columbia County,
1970


Item Rural Total

Contract rent Number of units -

Less than $30. . ... .77 274
$30 to $39 . . 52 272
$40 to $59 . . .. 156 526
$60 to $79 . .... 65 303
$80 to $99 . . .. 56 156
$100 to $149 . ... 13 171
$150 or more . ... 6 50
No cash rent . .... 93 184
Total renter occupied. ..... 518 1,936
Median rent. . .... .$51 $52
Value
Less than $5,000 . ... .282 647
$5,000 to $9,999 . ... 1,229 406
$10,000 to $14,999 ...... 166 881
$15,000 to $19,999 ...... 103 471
$20,000 to $24,999 ...... .47 198
$25,000 to $34,999 ...... .64 199
$35,000 or more . ... .16 102
Total owner occupied ..... 1,084 3,727
Median value . .... $7,400 $9,900


Source: [21, p. 234].


I





17







Table 19.--Housing occupancy and facilities, Columbia County, 1970



Item Rural Total


Occupancy: Number Percent
All housing units. ...... 3,540 8,450 100.0
Vacant, seasonal, and migratory. 4 4 .04
Owner occupied . ... .2,481 5,525 65.4
Renter occupied. ....... 696 2,144 25.4
Vacant year round. ...... 359 777 9.2
Population in housing units. 10,838 24,863 98.5
Per unit . . .... 3.4 3.2
Owner occupied . . 3.3 3.2 -
Renter occupied. ....... 3.6 3.2
Persons per room, all occupied units
1.00 persons or less ..... 2,726 6,746 79.8
1.01 to 1.50 persons .. 310 663 7.8
1.51 or more . ... 141 260 3.1
Facilities:
Lacking some or all plumbing
facilities . .. .... 628 1,461 17.3
Telephone available. . ... 2,384 5,855 69.3
Air conditioning . .. 1,145 3,418 40.4
Median number of rooms . 5.1 5.1 -
Median value . .... $7,400 $9,900
Median gross rentb . $71 $73


a Owner occupied units.
b Specified renter occupied; excludes one
or more.
Source: [ 21 Tables 60, 61, 62].


family homes on 10 acres


i






18





Table 20.--Subsidized housing and number of Section 235 home
mortgages, Columbia County, 1970


Item Number


Subsidized rental units (under management,
construction, or commitment, all programs). 0
Units in insured projects eligible for rent
supplement (under management or commitment) 0
Families with income less than poverty level. ... 1,240
Mean family income. . . . $1,999
Section 235 home mortgages:
In 1969 . . . . ... . 0
In 1970 . . . . .. 3
In 1971 . . . . ... . 11
In 1972 a . . . . . 5
Total . . . . ... ... 19

a The count is for only 6 months.

Source: [16].






Table 21.--Number of public housing units as of December 31, 1971


Item


As of December 31, 1971, Columbia County is among 19 counties having
no public housing projects.

































ECONOMY AND LABOR FORCE

CHARACTERISTICS








Table 2Z--Selected farm characteristics, Columbia County, 1969 and 1964


Item


Total farms . . .
Land in . . ..
Average size of farms .......
Total cropland .... ..
Harvested cropland ... ..
Woodland a . . . .
Value of land and buil" _- pec farm .
Number of farms:
Sales of $20,000 and over . .
Sales of $10,000 to $19,999. ...
Sales of $5,000 to $9,999 . .
Sales of $2,500 to $4,999. . .
Class 6b . . .
Part-time c . . . .
Part retirement . . .
Abnormale . . . .


Farm products sold:
Crops . . .
Livestock products .
Forest products. .
Total sales. . .
Average value sold per


farm.


Unit


No.
Acres
Acres
Acres
Acres
Acres
$


Florida


1 County


_ 1969 __ 1964 1969
625 691 35,586
153,449 162,295 14,031,998
245.5 234.9 394.3
73,1'' 74,473 3,777,119
30,198 31,787 2,234,0
', .81 56,358 3, 4187
S 5 32,007 $13981


73
61
91
92
59
174
75
0


2,592,788
7,017,817
97,726
9,708,331
15,533


46
50
106
121
100
180
88
0


2,616,871
3,108,232
85,071
5,811,050
8,410


6,654
3,335
4,537
5,570
2,659
9,551
3,238
42


731,733,327
395,241,624
5,099,176
1,132,074,127
31,812


a Includes woodland pasture.
b Value of products sold $50-$2,500 and an operator under 65 yrs. who did not work off farm
100 days or more during year.
Value of products sold $50-$2,500 and an operator under 65 yrs. who worked off farm 100
days during year.
d Value of products sold $50-$2,500 and an operator over 65 yrs.
e Institutional, experimental, and research farms and those run by agencies.
Source: [18, pp. 313-3201.


_













Table 23.-'--,-ic i.abor markeLt information,


I iemr


Total population . . .
Civilian labor force . . .
Total unemployed . .
Unemployment rate, percent . .
Total employment .. .. .
Nonagricultural employment ....
Wage and salary workers ... ..
Manufacturing ... .....
Construction .. ...
Transportation and public utilities .
Wholesale and retail trade . .
Finance, insurance, and real estate, .
Service and other wage and salary. .
Government . .
All other nonagricultural. . .
Agricultural employment . . .
Self-employed and unpaid family workers.
Wage and salary workers (hired labor). .


March 1971 March 1972


- Number -
26,101 26,800
9,920 11,200
220 320
2.2 2.9
9,700 10,880
9,360 10,480
8,000 8,960
1,74,0\ 1,940
180 200
280 320
1,780 1,960
240 240
1,160 1,240
2,620 3,060
1,360 1,520
340 400
220 280
120 120


Source: [ 7 .


-----~-1--1----_~1~------~-CIC
1-11_--_1---r-r-1~~C111--9--f---------


Columbia County












Table 24.--Local government payrolls and employees for Columbia County
area, October 1967 a


Item


Payroll:
October payroll. . . .
Education . . .
Teachers only. . .
Functions other than education .
Average monthly earnings, full time
employees:
Teachers . . .
Others . . . .

Local government employees:
Total . . .
Full time. . . .
Part-time. . . ...
Full time equivalent employment. .
Education. . . .
Teachers only. . .
Functions other than education .
Highways . . .
Public welfare . .
Hospitals. . . .
Health . . .
Police protection. . .
Fire protection. . .
Sewerage . . .
Sanitation other than sewerage
Parks and recreation . .
Natural resources. . .
Housing and urban renewal. .
Corrections. . .
Libraries. . . .
Financial administration .
General control. . .
Water supply . . .
Other local utilities. .
Other and unallocable .


Payrolls & employees


Dollars
436,000
301,000
232,000
135,000


594
395

Employees
1,127
829
298
902
531
395
371
43
0
165
11
39
13
7
3
2
3
0
0
3
19
31
8
11
13


aIn general, local governments account for somewhat more than
one-half of all civilian employment. Includes county and municipal
employees.
Source: [28, Table 20].












Table 25.--Employment and payroll of covered workers, Columbia County,
1972

Employing Total Average
Industry units, quarter annual monthly
_average payroll employment
Number Dollars Number
Agriculture, forestry, and
fisheries. ..... 7 423,552.01 90
Mining . .... 0 0 0
Contract construction. 48 1,634,655.86 277
Manufacturing. .... .56 13,708,448.53 2,061
Transportation, communica-
tion, electric, gas, and
sanitary services. 21 1,967,176.13 237
Wholesale trade. .. 43 2,136,222.36 314
Retail trade ..... 235 7,740,217.50 1,764
Finance, insurance, and
real estate. .... 47 1,482,526.48 242
Services a . ... .145 4,607,087.80 941
State and federal govern-
ment . .. .29 12,386,913.76 1,411
Other nonmanufacturing 12 121,677.87 32
Total, all industries. 643 46,208,478.30 7,369

aServices include hotels and other lodging places, personal
services, miscellaneous business services, miscellaneous and auto
repair and services, motion pictures, amusement and recreation, medical
and health services, legal services, educational services, nonprofit
membership organization, miscellaneous services.
Source: [ 9 ].












Table 26.--Payrolls for retail and wholesale trade, Columbia County,
1967


Item Number


Retail trade:
Establishments . . . ... 309
With payroll . . . .. .68.3%
Payroll, entire year. . . . $3,890,000
Paid employees, week including March 12 1,096
Wholesale trade:
Establishments. . . ..... 46
Payroll, entire year. .. . . $1,072,000
Paid employees, week including March 12 225


Source: [27, p. 86, 87].





Table 27.--Receipts and number of establishments for selected
services, Columbia County, 1967


Selected services


Establishments . .. .... ..
With payroll . . . .
Receipts:
Total, all establishments a . .
Change in 1963-1967 .. . ..
Establishments with payroll . .
Receipts, all establishments:
Motels, hotels, and camps . .
Automotive repair and services . .
Amusement and recreation including movies
Establishments with payroll:
Payroll, entire year . ... .
Paid employees, week including March 12 .


Number


-+


160
51.3%

$5,188,000
97.3%
90.2%

NA
NA
NA

$1,427,000
485


a Total includes kinds of businesses not shown separately.

Source: [ 27, Table 2, p. 87].













Table 28 .--Sales of retail and wholesale trade, Columbia County, 1967



Trade Percent


Retail trade:
Establishments with payroll. . 93.4
Total sales by establishments:
Food stores 23.9
Automotive dealers . 20.7
General merchandise stores ..... 3.0
Eating and drinking places . 5.2
Gasoline service stations . 19.6
Furniture, home furnishing, and equipment
stores . . 3.4
Building materials, hardware, and farm
equipment dealers .. ...... 7.2
Apparel and accessory stores . 4.1
Drug stores and proprietary stores 2.1
Total sales, all establishments a $38,663,000
Change of sales from 1963-1967 ... 32.8
Wholesale trade:
Total sales . . . .. $19,109,000
Merchant wholesalers ....... 48.9

aTotal includes businesses not listed separately.

Source: [ 27, p. 86, 87].




Table 29.--Assets and liabilities of commercial banks, Columbia County


February
Item
1972 1973
- Dollars -
Loans and discounts . 22,303,000 26,307,000
Total deposits ...... 36,326,000 45,729,000
Time deposits, .. 19,818,000 24,397,000
Demand deposits. ..... 4,175,000 21,332,000


Source: [ \ Table 6.202].












Table 30.--Motor vehicle tags by
1971-72


type of vehicle, Columbia County,


Vehicle County Florida

- Number -
Passenger cars. . ... 11,980 3,892,619
Buses . . 49 10,753
Trucks . .. 3,734 592,860
Trailers . ... 2,554 691,834
Motorcycles . 412 125,716
Demonstrators and misc. 278 46,520
Total . . .. 19,007 5,360,302

Source: [1, Table 16.312].










Table 3L--Gasoline sold by fiscal year, Columbia County



Fiscal year Volume

Gallons
1959-1960 . . 11,049,000
1967-1968 . . .. 22,132,000
1968-1969 . . .. 21,350,000
1969-1970 . . .. 22,346,000
1970-1971 . .. 23,209,000
1971-1972 . . .. 28,274,000

Source: [I, Table 7.192].












Table 32.--Types of fuel used for heating, cooking, and water heating,
Columbia County, 1970


House Water
Fuel H e at Cooking Total
heating heating

- Number of units -
Utility gas. . ... 2,917 2,092 1,967 6,976
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.a 1,324 18 128 1,470
Electricity . ... 549 2,977 3,063 695
Bottled, tank or LP gas. 2,360 1,431 2,364 6,155
Other fuelb . .. 474 0 127 601
No fuel . ..45 1,151 20 1,216
Total . . 7,669 7,669 7,669 ---

a Includes also gasoline, alcohol and other combustible fuels.
b Includes coal, coke, wood, and any fuel not separately listed.

Sources: [ Table 8.692].





Table 33.--Types of water supply and sewage disposal by housing units,
Columbia County, 1970


Item Total

Water source: Number
Public system or private company. 4,869
Individual well . . .. 3,429
Other . . . . 146
Total . . . . 8,444
Sewage disposal:
Public sewer. . . . 3,649
Septic tank or cesspool . 4,114
Other . . . . 681
Total . . . . 8,444

Sources: 1', Table 62].




































PUBLIC SECTOR CHARACTERISTICS;

FINANCES, FACILITIES, SERVICES








30






Table 34.--Tax base millages, Columbia County, 1971


Type Tax base

Mills
Total general millage. . 19.539
County general village ..... 9.239
School general millage . .. .10.300
Percent change in total general
village 1971-70 .. . 1.93


Source: [1, Table 20.382].











Table 35.--Comparative analysis taxable valuation of property, Columbia County, 1971


Property County Lake City Florida


% of total
Dll proper Dollars oftot Do% of total property

Non-exempt real estate. 68,743,990 37.26 24,224,970 39.84 58.96
Personal property ..... 24,511,460 13.28 9,335,640 15.35 10,97
Railroad, telegraph, and
private car lines .. 2,339,663 1.27 242,314 .45 .50
Total all non-exempt
value . .... 95,595,113 51.80 33,802,924 55.64 70.43
Homestead exempt property 21,188,170 11.48 8,749,440 14.39 11.62
All exempt property ex-
cluding homestead . 68,745,310 36.71 18,227,360 29.97 17.95
Total exempt property 89,933,480 48.19 26,976,800 44.36 29.57
Total value all property. 112,604,016 100.00 60,810,265 100.00 100.00
Total 1971 taxes levied 2,289,176 --- 270,672 -

Source: tl4 .













Table 36,--Assessed value of property subject to local government
property taxation, Columbia County, 1971


item


Gross assessed value (before partial
exemptions):
Total, including state-assessed property
Locally assessed property:
Real property . . .
Personal property. . . .
Tax exempt proportion of locally assessed
value:
Real property. . . . .
Personal property. . . .
Assessed value subject to tax, after
deduction of partial exemption:
Total . . . .
State assessed property. . .
Locally assessed property (total) .
Real property,. . . ..
Personal property. . . .
Percent of assessed value subject to tax
(total 100% for each area):
State assessed property. . .
Locally assessed property:
Real property. . . .
Personal property. . . .


Assessed value


Dollars

147,690,000

120,839,000
24,511,000


21,534,000
0


126,156,000
2,340,000
123,816,000
99,305,000
24,511,000

Percent
1.9

78.7
19.4


Source: [30, Table 4].


~I~------










Table 37.--Assessed valuation of non-exempt property
school taxes and fiscal data on effort to
schools, Columbia County, 1971-72


as basis for
finance public


Item Amount


Non-exempt assessed valuation of property:
1970-71 . . .. 91,731,000
1971-72. . . . . 95,595,000
County percent increase from 1962-1972 .554.88
County percent of state total in 1972. 0.22
Valuation per pupil in average daily
attendance 1971-72 . . .. 15,803
Percent of county revenue from local
sources . . .. 19.11
Required local effort per pupil in average
daily attendance (1971-72) . .. 61.82
Local effort required to participate in
Minimum Foundation Program (1971-72) 392.00


Source: [1, Table 4.462].



Table 38.--Revenues for Columbia County, 1972



Item Revenue


Total millage . .
Assessment:
Exempt . . .
Non-exempt . .
Ad valorem . .
Tax redemptions. . .
Special tax. . .
Tax delinquent lands .
Utility. . .
Cigarette tax. . .
Fees . . .
Licenses and permits .
Fines and forfeitures. .
Investment . .
Federal revenue. . .
State revenue. . .
Other . .
Total revenue. . .


9.17 mills
Dollars
88,933,480
95,600,253
841,086
0
0
0
0
23,995
101,814
10,290
162,037
23,835
8,055
434,524
45,749
1,651,394


Source: [6].














Table 39.--Expenditures for Columbia County, 1971


Expenditures


General government:
Current. . .
Capital outlay . .
Total. . . .
Public safety:
Court. . .
Sheriff's office .
Other. . .
Total. . .
Public works . .
Health and welfare .
Culture and recreation .
Economic development .
Payments for debt service.
Other. . . .
Total expenditure. .


Source: [6].


Dollars


329,172
18,294
347,466

119,520
209,406
23,343
232,749
349,639
36,497
29,193
35,257
29,785
74
1,180,180


~ I t I


. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. .. . .
. .
. . . .
. . . .












Table 40.--Revenues for Lake City and Fort White, 1971


revenue Lake City City of Fort White
Revenues Unit
Total Per capital Total Per capital

Population. . .. No. 10,575 -- 400
City employees. ... No. 115 -- 0
Exempt valuation. ... $ 40,943,220 3,871.70 0 0
Non-exempt valuation. $ 33,988,065 3,214.00 0 0
Operating millage .. Mills 8.00 33.0 0 0
Total millage . .. Mills 8.00 -- 0 --
Total ad valorem. .. $ 264,000 24.96 0 0
Utility service tax $ 158,623 15.00 3,362 8.41
Franchise fees. .. .. $ 68,895 6.51 752 1.88
Utility fees. . ... $ 203,540 19.25 0 0
Licenses and permits. $ 38,739 3.66 353 .88
Fines and forfeitures $ 0 0 425 1.06
Investment income .. $ 0 0 0 0
Enterprise funds. . $ 0 0 0 0
Other revenues. ... $ 23,911 2.73 0 0
State shared:
Cigarette tax ... .. $ 189,386 17.91 5,788 14.47
Gasoline tax. ... $ 9,138 .86 126 .32
Total revenues. ... $ 961,232 90.90 10,806 27.02

Source: [6].















Table 4L--Expenditures for Lake City and Fort White, 1971


Expenditures


General government. .
Public safety . .
Public works. . .
Health and welfare. .
Culture and recreation. .
Subsidies to enterprises.
Other expenses. . .
Debt service. . .
Total expenditures. .
Debt:
Debt millage. . .
General obligation bonds.
Revenue bonds . .
Other bonds . .
Total bonds. . .
Enterprise funds:
Enterprise income .
Enterprise expenditure. .


Lake City Fort White
Total Per capital Total Per capital


56,4
70,3
281,(
7,.
47.7


- - Dollars - -

400 5.33 460 1
345 6.65 5,102 12
22 26.63 1,584 3
500 .71 0 0
700 4.51 0 0


0
0
0
463,567

0
0
0
0
0


539,176
459,542
459,542


0
0
0
43.84


0
0
0
0


50.99
43.46


0
0
0
7,146

0
0
0
0
0


0
0


.15
.76
.96


0
0
0
17.87


0
0
0
0

0
0
0


Source: 16].











Table 42--Distributions to Columbia County and municipalities from
state sources and state tax collections by major sources
of revenue, 1971-72


Item County Lake City

- Donllar - -


Source of distribution

Total gasoline, special
fuel, and motor fuel tax
20 gas and special fuel
tax to State Board of
Administration for
County Road Bonds. .
7th( gas and special
fuel tax . .
8the motor fuel tax. .
Auto mileage tax to Board
of Administration. .
Beverage licenses. .
Mosquito control-state
matching . .
Gas and oil production tax
Insurance agents county
license tax. . .
Cigarette tax. . .
Other a . . .
Total. . . .

Source of revenue
Sales and use tax. .
Gasoline tax . .
Motor vehicle licenses .
Racing taxes . .
Cigarette taxes. . .
Documentary stamp taxes.
Documentary stamp tax:
Surtax . .
Hunting and fishing
licenses . .
Occupational licenses. .
Intangible taxes . .
Total. . . .


997,557.31


609,792.79

333,192.64
54,571.88

22,758.03
6,790.50

19,019.65
0

914.40
28,603.61
0
1,075,643.50


2,575,306.13
2,232,391.14
470,793.89
0
425,440.68
90,354.70

10,925.80

35,541.00
9,960.18
64,068.63
5,914,782.15


0
48,270.77

275.00
4,153.40

0
0

0
193,244.98
14,123.91
260,068.06


a Other includes Firemen's Relief and Pension Fund and
Municipal Police Officer's Retirement Fund.
Source: f 4 pp. 368-369, 372-379, 364-365].


~yv
I-----












Table 43--Distributions to county schools from Minimum Foundation
and other foundation programs, Columbia County, 1971-72


Item Distribution

Dollars

General revenue appropriations:
Grades K-12:
Instructional salaries. . ... 1,868,791.00
Transportation . ... .83,874.00
Other current expenses. . .. .773,836.00
Educational improvement expenses. 550,571.00
Average daily attendance supplement 69,972.00
EIE school lunch supplement 17,833.10
County school sales tax fund. . 164,376.00
Total K-12 (exclusive of capital
outlay and debt service). .. 3,543,771.10
Additional capital outlay .. 0
Junior colleges . . .. 1,715,694.00
Driver education. . ... 14,407.66
Total from General Revenue Fund .. 5,273,872.76
County Capital Outlay and Debt Service
School Fund:
Capital outlay . . .. 104,674.62
Board of Administration Debt Service. 98,015.06
Interest on investments . 1,576.92
Total from trust fund . . 204,266.60
Total from state funds. . ... 5,478,139.36

Source: [ 4 p. 366-367].












Table 44t--Federal government distributions for school programs,
Columbia County, fiscal year ending June 30, 1972


Program Distributions

Dollars

Educational Aid Trust Fund a. . . 584,747.00
Food and nutrition services:
Elementary and secondary educational aid to
counties b . . . . 214,448.18
Manpower development:
Training, vocational, education, and aid to
counties . . . . .0
Total . . . . ... . 763,195.18

aIncludes Adult Basic Education Funds; Civil Defense, U. S.;
Elementary and Secondary Education, U. S.; Vocational Education Act
of 1963; National Defense Education Act Funds; and Veterans, U. S.
Funds.
b Does not include $413.12 cancellations and restorations.
Source: [ 4 p. 380].


Table 45--Schools by type, Columbia County



Type of school a 1971-72

Number

Kindergarten only. . . ... . 1
Elementary only. . . . .. ... 7
Elementary and high school:
Elementary and junior high . . . .. 0
Elementary and senior high . ..... 0
High school only:
Junior high. . . . ... .. .. 1
Senior high. . . ..... .. . ... 1
Junior-senior high . . . . 0
4-year high. . . . ... .. 0
Total . . . . . 10
Kindergartens counted as part of elementary school 1

a Elementary and secondary departments each counted as a
school.
Source: [3, p. 15].









Table 46--School enrollment by
1970


grade level and age, Columbia County,


School enrollment Enrollment

Number

Total enrolled, 3-34 years old. .... 7,604
Nursery school. . . ... 28
Public . . . 5
Kindergarten. . . ... 281
Public .. . ... .. 175
Elementary, 1-8 years . ... 4,662
Public . . . 4,510
High school, 1-4 years. . ... 2,039
Public . . . 2,015
College . . . .. 594
. Percent

Percent enrolled, 3-34 years old. . 55.8
3 and 4 yrs. old. . . .. 6.4
5 and 6 yrs. old. . ... . 62.2
7 to 13 yrs. old. . . ... 97.9
14 and 15 yrs. old. . ... 93.4
16 and 17 yrs. old. . ... 85.1
18 and 19 yrs. old. . ... 62.6
20 and 21 yrs. old. . ... 23.0
22 to 24 yrs. old . . .. 6.3
25 to 34 yrs. old . . 5.9


Source: [26, Table 120].



Table 47.--Enrollment, average daily attendance, average daily mem-
bership of pupils at close of year for the fiscal year
1972-73, Columbia County

Average daily Membership
Grades Enrollment at close
Attendance IMembership of year

- -- Number - -

Kindergarten. . 357 294 323 317
Grades 1-12 .. 7,243 6,049 6,479 6,396
Grades 1-6 3,736 3,163 3,348 3,351
Grades 7-9 . 1,924 1,596 1,726 1,714
Grades 10-12 1,583 1,290 1,405 1,331
Total . ... 7,243 6,343 6,802 6,713
Promoted, K-12. -- -- -- 6,384
Not promoted, K-12. 329


Source: [3, pp. 6, 8, 10].




41






Table 48--Number of high school graduates continuing their education
and type of institution entered, Columbia County, 1971


Item Graduates


Number
Total high school graduates. . ... 353
Public . . . ... 353
Private . . . ... 0
Continuing at junior college:
Public . . . ... 109
Private . . . . .
Continuing at senior college or university:
Public . . . ... 29
Private . . . . 0
Continuing at out-of-state college .. 15
Continuing at technical, trade, and other:
In Florida . . . ... 53
Out-of-state . . . 4


Source: (1, Table 4.922].












Table 49--Instructional positions in public school system, Columbia
County


Positions


Supervisors of instruction (general and
special subjects) ....
Principals and supervising principals:
Kindergarten only. . . .
Elementary . . . .
High school . . .
Elementary and high school . .
Total principals ... . ...


Teachers:
Men:
Kindergarten
Grades 1-6
Grades 7-9
Grades 10-12
Women:
Kindergarten
Grades 1-6
Grades 7-9
Grades 10-12
Total teachers


Other instructional staff:
Librarians:
Grades 1-6 . . . .
Grades 7-12 . . . .
Guidance:
Grades 1-6 . . . .
Grades 7-12. .. . . .
Psychological and other:
Grades 1-6 . . . .
Grades 7-12. . . . .
Total other instructional staff. . .
Other county-wide instructional personnel.
Total full-time instructional personnel. .


Fiscal year
1971-72


Number


7

0
9
4
0
13



0
14
34
45


12
135
52
36
328



5
5

0
6

0
0
16
5
369


Source: [3, p. 12].


-^-1,











Table 5Q--iPupil mobility in public schools during one year, grades
K-12, Colurbia County, 1971-72


Componernt;, of change Pupils



Number
Total enrollment. . .. .. 7,600
Withdrawals a 1,306
First-time entries .. . 6,994
Transfers from ouLt-o-siate c . 222
Transfers froml..:e.e districts c . 384


a May hEave been i-o enter' another school in this or another
state or to leave school.
b Pupils who had not previously entered any other school
during the 1971-72 school year. First-time entries would be 100
percent of the enrollment if no "new" pupils entered during the
school year.
c Pupils who transferred during the 1971-72 school year,
not at the beginning of the year.
Source: I Tab h' 4.192].




Table 51 .--Chrac.C.te:istics of public school bus operations, grades
K-1. Ceolumbia County, 1971-72


Char,.acri.tristic Unit Amount

Funds for pupil transportation. .. Dollars 184,247
Pupils transported at public expense. Percent 45.04
School bus mileage:
Morning trips a . Miles 1,116.4
Extra-curricuiar b Miles 16,538
Pupils transported .ess than. 2 miles. Percent 21.35
School bus drivers. . Number 43
Average monthly saLa;ry. .. .. Dollars 243.66


a Combined mileage of all school buses, one way. Doubling
this figure gives,_ approxiiiate total daily mileage.
-b Estimated,

Source: [1, Tables 4.962, 4.982].




(







Table 5.--Summary of revenues and expenditures of schools including
grades K-12, Columbia County, fiscal year, 1972-73


Revenues and expenditures County State


Revenues
Federal sources . .
State sources . .
Federal through state . .
Local sources . .
Total revenue . . .
Total non-revenue receipts .
Remittances from other sources
Total revenues and receipts. .
Transfers . . .
Beginning balances . .
Total revenues, receipts, trans-
fers, and balances . .
Adjustments to fund balance .
Total revenues, receipts, trans-
fers, balances, & adjustments.
Remittances to other districts and
agencies . . .
Total expenditures and remittances
Transfers . . .
Ending balance . . .
Adjustments . . .
Total expenditures, transfers,
reserves, balances, and adjust-
ments . . .

Expenditures
Administration . . .
Current expenses, all funds:
Instruction . ...
Operation of plant ....
Maintenance of plant . .
Auxiliary services . .
Fixed charges . .
Total current expenses (day
schools) . . .
Non-program schools . .
Total current expenses (all
schools) . . .
Capital outlay . . .
Debt service . . .
Total expenditures (all funds)


Dollars

97,291.00
4,020,903.32
647,960.13
1,125,739.89
5,891,894.34
19,493.54
4,688.00
5,916,075.88
202,916.66
838,838.44

6,957,830.98
-682.98

6,957,148.00

0
5,787,410.90
202,916.66
958,971.49
7,848,95


6,957,148.00


202,787.26

3,910,803.36
250,033.44
125,902.93
521,135.85
368,300.10

5,378,962.94
0

5,378,962.94
147,908.50
260,539.46
5,787,410.90


% of total

1.4 2.2
57.8 42.3
9.3 4.9
16.2 27.0
84.7 76.5
.3 4.3
.1 .1
85.0 80.8
2.9 2.9
12.1 16.3


100.0
0.


99.9
0


100.0 100.0


0
83.2
2.9
13.8
.1


.1
78.0
2.9
2.9
16.1


100.0 100.0


3.5

67.6
4.3
2.2
9.0
6.4


2.4

62.4
6.0
2.7
5.6
7.4


92.9 86.6
0 .2


92.9
2.6
4.5
100.0


86.8
8.4
4.8
100.0


Source: [3, pp. 88, 54, 16, 18].










Table 53--Public assistance by program, Columbia County


Cases or Payment
Program recipients Total Average

Number Dollars -
Old Age Assistance (72-73). 468 a 382,818 NA
Aid to the Blind (72-73). 19 a 20,314 NA
Aid to the Disabled (72-73) .. 205 a 200,701 NA
Aid to Families with Dependent
Children (72-73). . 1,693 4 463,483 NA
Total direct assistance . 2,385 1,067,316 NA
Social Security (12-71) . 3,456 315,000 106.00
Enrollment in Health Insurance
Program for the Aged (Medicar
1970) type:
Hospital and/or medical
insurance . .. 2,309 972,000 420.96
Hospital insurance. ... 2,272 746,000 328.35
Supplementary medical insur. 2,187 226,000 103.34
Old-Age, Survivors, Disability,
and Health Insurance Benefi-
ciaries (6-30-72):
Retired workers ...... 1,596 210,000 131.58
Disabled workers. ..... 344 57,000 165.69
Others b .. . . 1,878 152,000 80.94


aAverage recipients per month.
bDependents of retired and disabled
special age 72 beneficiaries.


workers, survivors, and


Sources: [ I Tables 17.172, 17.392, 27, p. 82, 11 p. 12].




46




Table 54--Disbursements of the county government for welfare,
Columbia County, fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1971


Operating Capital
Social services expenses outlay

Dollars -

Foster home care. . .... .. 0 0
Federal commodities . . 0 0
Welfare administration. . ... 600.00 0
Welfare services. . ... .3,337.80 0
Mental health . . ... 8,331.62 0
Tubercular care . .... 102.50 0
State-county welfare participation. 60,832.20 0
Health unit or department ..... 0 0
County cemeteries ... .. . 0 0
County hospitals. . ... 0 0
Homes for infirm. . ... .0 0
Parental homes. . .... .. 0 0
Juvenile or detention homes 0 0
Neighborhood youth corps 0 0
Legal aid . . . 0 0
Total . . . 73,204.12 0


Source: [5].



Table 55 .--Old-age, survivors, disability, and health insurance, by
number of beneficiaries with monthly cash benefits in
current payment status by age and sex, Columbia County,
December, 1972


Beneficiaries by age and sex Beneficiaries

Number

Total . . . .. 3,818
Under age 60:
Under 18 years . . .. 741
18-21 years . . .. 99
22-59 years . . .. 463
Age 60 and over:
Male . . . . 1,092
Female . . . 1,423
60-61 years . . .. 69
62-64 years . . ... 374
65-71 years . . .. 1,008
72 and over. . . .. 1,064


\Source: [1, Table 17.192].





47





Table 56--Department of Health, Education, and Welfare: Domestic
assistance program recipients and funds obligated,
Columbia County, fiscal 1973


Agency Dollars

Food and Drug Administration .... .. 0
Health services and mental health administra-
tion . . . . 79,685
National Institute of Health. . .. .. 24,553
Office of Education . . .... 552,856
Office of the Secretary . . .0
Social and Rehabilitation Service .. 1,911,241
Social Security Administration. .... ... 6,418,347
Special institutions. . . 0
Total . . . . . 8,986,682


Source: [ 31 p. 52].


Table 57.--Amount paid by food stamp recipients, bonus, total, and
average value of food stamps for the month of January,
1973, Columbia County


Recipients Number

Households .. . . . 926
Persons .... ....... 3,007
Amount paid by recipients ....... $30,491
Bonus (free) value a . . $48,571
Total value issued . . $79,062
Average stamp value per household .$85.38

a Increased food purchasing power.

Source: [1, Table 17.842].










Table 56--Professionals in state licensed health occupations,
Columbia County, May, 1971

Number per 1,000
Personnel Total population


- Number -

Medical doctors. . ... 33 1.22
Doctors of osteopathy. ... --
Dentists . . ... 8 .29
Registered nurses. . ... 222 8.22
Licensed practical nurses. 73 2.70
Pharmacists. . ... 20 .74
Dental hygienists. . .. .5 .18
Chiropractors. . ... 2 .07
Veterinarians. . ... 2 .07
Optometrists . ... 2 .07
Physical therapists. . 5 .19
Opticians. . . 0 --
Sanitarians. . ... 3 .11
Nursing home administrators. 1 .04
Psychologists. . ... --
Podiatrists. . ... --
Naturopaths. . ... -- 0


Source: [12 p. 18].



Table 59--Existing medical facilities, number of beds, Columbia
County, 1971


Medical facility Facilities Beds


General hospitals. . . .
Long-term care facilities. . .
Nursing homes. . . .
Tuberculosis hospitals . .
Homes for the aged . . .
Diagnostic or treatment centers. .
Rehabilitation facilities. . .
Public health centers a . .


aIncludes principal units and
Source: [1, Table 3.532].


- Number -
2 195
0 0
1 65
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
1 NA


auxiliary facilities.












Table 60 .--Resident deaths from certain causes, 1972, and incidence
of certain reportable diseases, 1971, Columbia County


Cause of death and incidence of disease County Florida


Cause of aeath: iimber -
Cardiovascular:
Heart disease. . . ... 91 30,626
Vascular lesions of central nervous
system . . . 47 9,289
Aortic aneurism and certain arterial
disease. . . . .2 1,210
General arteriosclerosis ..... 5 1,088
Cancer . . . .36 15,979
Diabetes mellitus. . .. ..9 1,384
Cirrhosis of the liver . ... 4 1,447
Respiratory diseases:
Tuberculosis . . . 3 223
Influenza and pneumonia ... 6 2,195
Bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma. 3 1,627
Maternal deaths. . ... ... 0 '23
Violent deaths:
Motor vehicle accidents. . 17 2,415
Other accidents. . ... 3 2,312
Suicides . . . 3 1,112
Homicides. ...... . .. 5 968
Total deaths from all causes ..... 234 71,898
Incidence of disease:
Chicken pox. . . ... 0 2,594
German measles . . ... 0 1,818
Gonorrhea. . . . .71 30,659
Hepatitis, infectious. ...... .. .2 2,191
Influenza. . . ... 0 9,634
Measles. . . . 0 2,365
Mumps ....... .... ... 0 2,995
Salmonellosis. ......... 3 1,517
Streptococcal, infectious . ... 0 8,370
Syphilis . . . .. 24 3,651 a
Tuberculosis .. . . .. 3 1,551 b

a Includes 53 state and federal prison-hospital patients.
b Includes 34 state and federal prison-hospital patients.

Source: [1, Tables 3.292, 3.282].












Table 61--Admissions of patients to the state mental hospital
system, by type of admission, Columbia County, 1972


Admissions


County Florida


- Number -


Rate of admissions per 100,000 civilian
population . . . .
Type of admission:


Total . .
County court .
Criminal and circuit
Certified . .
Voluntary . .
Other . .


court .


190.3


51
42
2
2
3
2


75.8


5,472
3,760
531
713
387
81


a1972 population estimates by Bureau of the Census.

Source: [ 1 Table 3.632].


































MISCELLANEOUS












Table 62 .--Areas of selected places, Columbia County, 1960


Loca n Area Population, 1960
Total Land iJnlana e Total Per sqe.

Square miles - Number -

Columbia County. 789 784.1 4.9 20,077 25.6
Fort White division. 192.9 192.9 0 2,371 12.3
Lake City. ..... 4.1 3.9 .2 9,465 2,426.9
Lona division. ... 135.4 132.0 3.4 2,609 19.8
North Columbia division 320.7 320.7 0 1,798 5.6
Watertown-Lulu division 135.9 134.6 1.3 3,834 28.5
Watertown. ... 2.0 2.0 0 2,109 1,054.5
Remainder of division 133.9 132.6 1.3 1,725 13.0

Source: [ 17, p. 6].


Table 63--Farms, land in farms, and land
Columbia County. 1969


use, by size of farm,


Farms with harvested cropland
Farms Farms ta acres Acres of
T__ total in farms jharv. cropl.
Number Acres - Number -- -
All farms. 625 153,449 449 115,965 30,198
Farms with:
1 to 9 A. 21 61 11 26 19
10 to 49 4. 103 3,072 70 1,996 721
50 to 69 A. 44 2,577 33 1,911 719
70 to 99 A. 90 7,340 62 5,025 1,392
100 to 139 A. 52 6,100 35 4,164 1,605
140 to 179 A. 71 11,171 52 8,231 1,893
180 to 219 A. 45 8,934 28 5,580 1,714
220 to 259 A. 33 7,797 26 6,160 1,403
260 to 499 A. 95 33,018 70 24,548 7,061
500 to 999 A. 49 33,087 44 28,690 8,337
1,000 to 1,999A 15 20,196 13 17,497 3,431
2,000 & over A. 7 20,096 5 12,137 1,903

Source: [18, p. 313].












Table 64--Forest land area: Columbia County, 1970



Type of land County Florida

Thousands of acres -
All land. . . .... 515.3 35,179.4
Forest land:
Commercial. . .... 385.2 16,231.6
Unproductive. . .... 3.0 1,606.9
Productive reserved . 1.2 94.4
Total . . . 389.4 17,932.9
Non-forest land . ... 125.9 17,246.5


Source: 1i, Table 11.362].


Table 65.--Farm sales of forest products,
and 1964


Columbia County, 1969


1969 1964
Forest products Farms Farms
reporting Sales reporting Sales
Number Dollars Number Dollars
Standing timber or trees. 6 7,268 23 45,020
Firewood and fuelwood 4 NA NA NA
Sawlogs and veneer logs 1 NA NA NA
Pulpwood. . .... 20 63,630 NA NA
Other forest products 3 9,004 NA NA


Source: [18, p. 104].












Table 66--Weather data, Lake City Weather Station, Columbia County,
1973


January. .
February .
March. .
April. .
May. .
June .
July .
August .
September.
October.
November
December


Inches
5.57
3.37
7.05
6.82
6.14
6.65
12.72
4.93
5.12
1.63
1.07
4.59


- Degrees Farenheit -

54.3 22 82
51.2 26 76
64.5 35 87
64.5 NA NA
73.1 NA NA
78.8 NA NA
81.2 65 94
80.1 65 93
79.3 64 92
70.7 35 90
65.2 33 85
53.5 21 81


Source: [ 32 p. 2-3].




55


SOURCES


[1] Bureau of Economic and Business Research, University of Florida,
Florida Statistical Abstract, 1973. Gainesville: University
of Florida Press, August 1973.

[2] Population Studies. Bulletin No. 29. Gainesville:
University of Florida Press, May 1974.

[3] Florida. Commissioner of Education. Commissioner of Education.
Pupil,_ Personnel and Financial Data, District Schoo3l System,
Report for the Fiscal Year 1971-72. Tallahassee: 1973.

[4] __ Comptroller. Annual Report of the Comptroller For the
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1972. Tallahassee: 1973.

[5] County Finances and Fee Officers Report_,__1971 Tal-
lahassee: 1972.

[6] ___. Department of Administration and Florida League of
Cities. Revenue and Expenditure Data for City and County
Governments. Tallahassee: May 1, 1972.

[7] Department of Commerce, Division of Administration,
Bureau of Research and Statistics. Basic Labor Market Infor-
mation. Tallahassee: 1973.

[8] Division of Technical Assistance. Housing and Pop-
ulation Fact Sheet. Tallahassee: April 1973.

[9] Office of Research and Statistics, Employment and
Payrolls, Florida, 1972. Volume XXV. Tallahassee: 1973.

[10] Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services,
Division of Corrections. Annual Report, 19j72-73. Tallahassee:
1973.

[11] __. Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services,
Division of Family Services, Bureau of Financial Services.
Annual Statistical Report, July 1, 1972-June 30, 1973.
Tallahassee: 1974.

[12] Florida's Health Manpower. Tallahassee: May 1971.

[13] A Profile of Florida's Elderly and Needed Supportive
Services. Tallahassee: February 1973.

[14] Department of Revenue. Florida Ad Valorem Valuations
and Tax Data, 1970-1971. Tallahassee: 1972.

[15] __ __. Department of Transportation. Biennial Roeprt, July-
June, 1968-1970. Tallahassee: 1971.








SOURCES (Continued)


[16] Florida. Governor. Governor's Task Force on Housing and Com-
munity Development and Florida Department of Community Affairs.
Housing in Florida. Volume 5. Tallahassee: 1973.


[17] U.


S. Bureau of the Census. Area Measurement Reports: Areas of
Florida, 1960. GE 20, No. 11. Washington: U. S. Government
Printing Office, 1965.


[18] Census of Agriculture, 1969, Vol. I, Area Reports.
Part 29, Florida, Section 2. County Data. Washington: U. S.
Government Printing Office, 1972.


istics.


Census of Housing:
Vol. I. Chapter 10,


1950. General Housing Character-
Florida. Washington: U. S.


Government Printing Office, 1952.


Florida.


Census of Housing: 1960. State and Small Areas.
Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1962.


[21] Census of Housing: 1970. Detailed Housing Char-
acteristics. Final Report HC[1]-B11 Florida. Washington:
U. S. Government Printing Office, 1972.


Census of Housing:


1970. General Housing Character-


istics.


HC[lI-All Florida.


Printing Office, 1972.


Washington: U. S. Government


[23] Census of Population: 1950, Volume II, Character-
istics of the Population, Part 10, Florida, Chapter B. Wash-
ington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1952.


[24] Census of Population:
Characteristics. Florida. Fin


1960. General Population


al Report PC[1]-11B.


U. S. Government Printing Office, 1962.


Washington:


[25] _. Census of Population:
Characteristics. PC[l]-B11 Fl


1970. Florida General Population


orida.


W


Government Printing Office, 1972.


[26] _. Census of Population: 1970.
Economic Characteristics. Final Report


[271


ashington: U. S.


General Social and


PC[1]-Cll Florida.


Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1972.


City and County Data Book. Washington; U. S. Govern-
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[28] Compendium of Public Employment, 1967, Volume 3,
Public Employment No. 2. Washington: U. S. Government Print-
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[19]



[20]


[22]


. .. L .. ..








SOURCES (Continued)


[29] U. S. Bureau of the Census.
CBP, 72-11. Washington:
1972.


County Business Patterns, 1972.
U. S. Government Printing Office,


[30] Taxable Property Value and Assessment Sales Price
Ratios, Volume 2, Part 1, 1972 Census of Governments.


Washington:


U. S. Government Printing Office, 1973.


[31] U. S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Financial
Assistance by Geographic Area. Publication No [05]74-12.
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[32] U. S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environ-
mental Data Service. Climatological Data, Florida. Volume
77. Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1973.




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