Title: Foundation plantings for Florida homes
CITATION PDF VIEWER THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026126/00001
 Material Information
Title: Foundation plantings for Florida homes
Alternate Title: Bulletin 72 ; Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Spencer, A. P.
Publisher: Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: January, 1933
Copyright Date: 1933
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00026126
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aab7707 - LTQF
amt6954 - LTUF
44791837 - OCLC
002570641 - AlephBibNum

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:

Binder4 ( PDF )


Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida








COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN /&CULTURE
AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMIC ~IBRBARY -
(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914) o r
_JUN 12 1933 r
0 ,
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY 0 ,FLIBWmATTAN
FLORIDA STATE COLLEGE FOR WOMEN, \ .
AND UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE KANS~s
COOPERATING
WILMON NEWELL, Director

FOUNDATION PLANTINGS

FOR FLORIDA HOMES
By A. P. SPENCER


Attractive plantings "tie the house to the ground"


Bulletins will be sent free upon application to the
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA


Bulletin 72


January, 1933








BOARD OF CONTROL

P. K. YONGE, Chairman, Pensacola
A. H. BLENDING, Tampa
FRANK J. WIDEMAN, West Palm Beach
RAYMER F. MAGUIRE, Orlando
GEO. H. BALDWIN, Jacksonville
J. T. DIAMOND, Secretary, Tallahassee


STAFF, AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE

JOHN J. TIGERT, M.A., LL.D., President of the University
WILMON NEWELL, D.Sc., Director
A. P. SPENCER, M.S., Vice-Director and County Agent Leader
J. FRANCIS COOPER, M.S.A., Editor
R. M. FULGHUM, B.S.A., Assistant Editor
E. F. STANTON, Supervisor, Egg-Laying Contest
RUBY NEWHALL, Secretary

COOPERATIVE AGRICULTURAL DEMONSTRATION WORK

W. T. NETTLES, B.S., District Agent
H. G. CLAYTON, M.S.A., District Agent, Organization and Outlook Specialist
J. LEE SMITH, District Agent and Agronomist
R. W. BLACKLOCK, A.B., Boys' Club Agent
HAMLIN L. BROWN, B.S., Dairyman
E. F. DEBUSK, B.S., Citriculturist
N. R. MEHRHOF, M. AGR., Poultryman
WALTER J. SHEELY, B.S., Agent in Animal Husbandry'
J. E. TURLINGTON, Ph.D., Agricultural Economist2
FRANK W. BRUMLEY, M.S.A., Agricultural Economist, Farm Management
W. R. BRIGGS, B.S.A., Assistant Agricultural Economist, Farm Management
D. E. TIMMONS, M.S.A., Agricultural Economist, Marketing
CARLYLE CARR, B.S., Specialist in Rodent Control'

COOPERATIVE HOME DEMONSTRATION WORK

FLAVIA GLEASON, State Agent
LUCY BELLE SETTLE, B.S., District Agent
RUBY MCDAVID, District Agent
MARY E. KEOWN, M.S., District Agent
VIRGINIA P. MOORE, Home Improvement Agent
ISABELLE S. THURSBY, Economist in Food Conservation
ANNA MAE SIKES, B.S., Nutritionist

NEGRO EXTENSION WORK

A. A. TURNER, Local District Agent
ROSA J. BALLARD, Local District Home Demonstration Agent

lIn cooperation with U. S. D. A.
2Part-time.









FOUNDATION PLANTINGS F LTU?

FLORIDA HOMES LBRAR
By A. P. SPENCER t JUN 1 2 933
A MAN$ATThN
Well arranged and well kept foundation planting dV to the
pleasure of the home and the beauty of its surroundings.
and care given to the details of the home grounds will, at small
expense, greatly increase the value of the property.
There is a growing inclination to make such plantings around
both country and urban homes but too often the selection of
plants and plans for setting them have been made with little
consideration for the ultimate effect. As a result, plantings are
often not suited to the types of buildings; plants are selected that
are not suited to the soils and moisture conditions, are unable
to thrive under extremes of high temperature and to with-
stand injury from frosts and freezes, insect and disease pests.
The amount of sunshine or shade, height of the plant, rapidity of
growth and the blending of shades and colors must be considered.
Too many plantings placed at considerable cost to the owner are
quite unsightly and unsatisfactory.
It is impossible to secure a large variety of plants suitable in
all of these respects and regardless of the care exercised at plant-
ing time, the plants cannot be neglected or left to themselves
without occasional replacements, pruning, thinning, fertilization,
and other general good care.
For any bush, shrub or tree to be harmonious and beautiful,
it must be thrifty in growth, robust in appearance and provided
with abundant foliage. This means that the plant must have a
good root system with sufficient space to send out its feeder
roots, without being either crowded by other plants or hedged
in by being planted too close to the foundation of the building
in a compact, infertile soil.
The main objects of foundation plantings are:
To tie the house to the ground and have these plantings fit
into the surroundings.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
In the preparation of this bulletin, valuable assistance was given by the
Jacksonville Landscape Company, the Glen St. Mary Nursery Company, and
Prof. H. Harold Hume, assistant director of the Florida Agricultural Experi-
ment Station. Grateful acknowledgment is made to them and to owners who
permitted their homes to be photographed.






Florida Cooperative Extension


To add to the architectural beauty of the house by an adequate
planting which offers a pleasing contrast to the lines and colors
of the house with the idea of softening the appearance of the
base structure.
To conceal the lines of the foundation.
An irregular planting is advisable for most situations. There
should be variety in the planting, a variety in height, to avoid
any resemblance to a hedge; a variety in the width to avoid
straight edges. The lower growing bushes may be placed below
the windows and the higher bushes at the corners, between the
windows and against the higher walls.
This is particularly applicable to small properties, inasmuch
as foundation plantings will be more conspicuous on small prop-
erties than where the lawn is large enough to have space for
planting larger specimens.
For best effects make selection of plants to give variation in
color and texture of the leaves and give variety, as a dark and
light shade of color of the foliage.
The proper use of flowering shrubbery and plants that produce
berries will add to a considerable extent in giving variety to
planting.
SELECTION OF PLANTS
Florida has a large variety of plants that can be used in almost
any location. However, the best effect will come from making
a selection from a few of the most satisfactory shrubs suitable
to the location in preference to planting a large number of dif-
ferent plants. Some of our most successful foundation plantings
have been made by using one, two or three different plants and
placing them in appropriate places, thereby making the plant-
ing simple and in harmony with the surroundings.
It is desirable to effect a degree of contrast in shades or colors.
However, severe contrasts secured by using highly colored
plants are seldom satisfactory. Usually when pronounced con-
trasts may be desirable, the effect can be produced by using
annual flowering shrubs which bloom seasonally or by planting
a scattering of annual flowering plants to give color and contrast
for a short time in preference to using shrubs with highly colored
foliage.
Plants that are not hardy in the locality are seldom desirable.
If a plant is known to be severely injured by freezing tempera-
tures it should not be used in any area in Florida where it is
likely to be damaged by such temperatures.






Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes


Plants that require a constantly moist soil should be avoided
on dry, open soils unless one can supply the needed moisture by
irrigation.
Consideration also should be given to plants that are unusually
sensitive to injury by insect pests or diseases. While one may
expect to combat such pests and there are well-known methods
for holding them in check, nevertheless, when such treatments
are not needed, the advantages are obvious.
Consideration should be given to the vigor and rate of growth
of plants. A strong growing plant with spreading branches
should not be crowded in closely between other plants. Otherwise,
it either over-shadows other plants or has a cramped appearance.
Plants that grow slowly should be set in places where they will
get sufficient sunshine and moisture, otherwise they may be
crowded out by the adjoining plants.
As there is no great difficulty in transplanting even large plants
that are used for foundation planting, one might expect to re-
move or replace the plants in case they become over-crowded or
become too large for the location, so the general appearance of
a foundation planting can be changed somewhat from year to
year if good judgment is exercised in re-setting or pruning and
keeping the plants in a vigorous and growth condition.

THE PLANTING PLANS
The illustrations on the following pages need little explanation.
They are not presented as being ideal or suitable for all locations
or conditions but were selected from many plantings that were
considered appropriate and satisfactory and will give appropriate
suggestions showing hardiness, contrast, spacing and planting
arrangements.
It will be obvious in many cases that the planting would be im-
proved by thinning, pruning and replanting in part. It should be
remembered that most of the plantings pictured in these pages
are from urban or suburban homes, and will not be entirely
suited to rural conditions where there is more space available.
However, as very few rural homes have been landscaped and
maintained in good appearance, it was necessary to use the most
suitable illustrations obtainable for the purpose of this bulletin,
regardless of location.
Before any plants are ordered or procured, the area to be
planted should be measured off and the number of plants deter-
mined. This can best be done by setting stakes indicating the
location for each plant, proper consideration being given to the






Florida Cooperative Extension


distance from the building and from walks and entrances. It
should be borne in mind that some plants will make more rapid
growth than others and if planted too closely will soon grow into
each other or may obstruct entrances. On the other hand they
should not be planted so far apart as to require too long a period
to grow into a symmetrical planting. A study of the local condi-
tions, using the following diagrams as a guide, will assist in pro-
curing the desired effect.

SOIL PREPARATION
If the soil is naturally fertile and moist the only preparation
necessary before planting will be to spade it about 10 inches deep
and sufficiently wide that the plants can send out their feeding
roots for a year or more before they reach the firmer soil. An
application of rotted stable manure if available is always advis-
able but not entirely necessary if soil conditions are good.
On poorer sandy soils where the soil has been leached and
trampled solid, such soil should be removed 10 or more inches
deep and replaced with fresh and more fertile soil, then a liberal
application of rotted stable manure or leaf mould will aid the
plants to make a good root growth, which is essential to vigorous
top growth afterwards.

PROCURING PLANTS
The cost of a foundation planting can be relatively small or
quite expensive, depending on the selection of the plants. Prior
to procuring the plants the expense will be largely for labor in
preparation. Because foundation plantings are permanent, one
should avoid stunted plants that may be offered at a cheap price
or unsuitable plants that may be the refuse from a discarded
planting. Usually it is a waste of time and will prove a disappoint-
ment to use such materials. The well established nurseries
handling thrifty, satisfactory plants are always a satisfactory
source of plant materials. If one desires large plants of the
choicest specimens the cost may be prohibitive to many; however,
the same plants of the smaller sizes will cost much less and in
many cases less than the labor cost of procuring native plants
from the woods.
NATIVE MATERIALS
Florida's native vegetation has a great variety of shrubbery
that is used in landscape plantings. Beautiful plants are found
in all sections of the State and many of these are used in founda-






Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes


tion plantings. However, suitable plants for this purpose are
more difficult to locate than with other landscape work, inasmuch
as the plants to be used must be low headed specimens.
If native plants are taken from the woods one must expect a
slower growth due to the limited root system that can be lifted
on account of intertwining with the roots of other plants. How-
ever, with care and some extra labor an excellent collection of
plants suitable for foundation planting may be had with only the
labor expense involved.
PLANTING
Immediately after the plants have been received from the nur-
sery or collected for planting, the roots should be heeled in or other-
wise kept moist; if the plants are large and there are delays in
setting, the tops also should be kept moist. This can be done by
covering them with sacks, moss or other covering that can be kept
moist, and in that way the tops as well as the roots can be kept
in a moist condition. Trees that are partially dried out may
survive but their growth will be slow, but if handled promptly
with ample moisture their growth will be checked very little.
It is a general practice among nurserymen to ship their better
plants balled in burlap to prevent the roots from drying out. Even
the burlapped ball may dry out. If the shipment has been
delayed or the trees are not set promptly after arrival, they can
be dipped in a tub of water until moistened and when the trees
are transplanted the burlap remains attached to the roots. This
also insures the least amount of disturbance to the root system.
However, it is always best to have the ground ready for planting
before the plants arrive and set them immediately.
The best time for transplanting is during the plants' dormant
Period which for most plants occurs between December first and
March first. There will be less loss of plants if set during these
months; there will be less evaporation of moisture from the
plants and the plant has a reserve of plant food stored up. This
is particularly true with deciduous plants.
However, evergreen plants can be transplanted at other seasons
when soil moisture conditions are favorable if sufficient care is
taken to disturb the circulation of sap in the tree as little as
possible. Extra care must be used in preventing the roots from
drying out when the plant is being transferred; also the foliage
(except conifers) may be trimmed off to prevent evaporation of
moisture through the leaves. Then after the plant is set in its
new location it may be advisable to shade it to prevent drying out






Florida Cooperative Extension


of the bark which would tend to prevent free circulation of sap
in the tree.
The plant should be set at the same depth it grew in the nur-
sery. The hole should be made deep and wide. The soil should
be carefully packed around each root by hand and the ground kept
moist until the plant is well established.
On dry sandy lands, the soil immediately around the plant
should be a little lower than the surrounding ground. This will
help give the plants a better supply of moisture following a rain-
fall, as the water will drain toward the plant and soak in. This
will also help when watering the plant as it will form a basin for
holding the water until it has soaked into the ground.
On the other hand, if the soil is poorly drained and the plant
likely to be injured from too much water, then it would be advis-
able to set the plant a little higher than the surrounding ground,
giving better drainage for the surface roots.
When the plant is set it should be trimmed (except conifers)
into a symmetrical plant, according to habits of growth and the
location it occupies in the planting. It is expected that some
plants should be trimmed more than others. Some plants will
require more nursing and care than others. Occasionally severe
pruning either to head back or to thin out the branches will be
needed.

PLANTINGS TO SCREEN SECONDARY BUILDINGS
Plantings of shrubs, trees and vines are. effective in screening
garages and other outbuildings, poultry yards or cheaply con-
structed fences, and planting should be dense and high enough
to obstruct the view and form a background for a lawn or other
planting.
The purpose of the screen is to hide unsightly objects and
provide a suitable background for the lawn or dwelling and there
is no way to do this as economically as by screening with shrub-
bery.
The most suitable plants are the tall growing shrubs. Low
headed trees such as camphor, dogwood, redbud, and bamboo may
be used and these will also give some shade.
A screen so placed will furnish an attractive background for
the dwelling or lawn and can be cared for by expending a little
energy to keep the growth thrifty and in keeping with the other
plantings. In most places very suitable native vegetation can be
used for screening. Tall growing annuals and perennials that






Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes


bloom at different seasons are appropriate, as they give some va-
riety and color to the landscape.

THE USE OF VINES
Vines may be used effectively in screening outbuildings and
furnishing a background for a lawn or front yard planting. There
is quite a large variety to select from, suitable to all sections of
the State. In North Florida the honeysuckle, yellow jessamin,
and Virginia creeper are hardy and suitable. One can use also
the Cherokee rose that is well adapted to almost every area where
the soils are fairly compact.
In Central and Southern Florida the bignonia, allamanda, thun-
bergia, trumpet vine, wisteria, honeysuckle and jessamine will
make sturdy growth under a variety of conditions. Such vines
will require a support such as a wire fence or trellis.
In selecting vines, consideration should be given to the color
and time of blooming, length of blooming period and the harmony
with other plants and the surroundings.
Vines usually require very little attention after they are once
well established. However, to be attractive and effective they
must show vigorous growth which may require some fertilization,
mulching and watering and sufficient pruning with some varieties
to keep the vines in check.
Vines can be used also to cover bare and unsightly walls. The
Ficus repens is very generally used for covering brick, stone or
concrete walls. This vine fastens itself on the walls and will re-
quire no support. About the only care necessary will be to trim
it occasionally and under ordinary conditions it will soon form a
very thick mat, entirely covering the surface. This vine is used
very generally on the brick buildings located on the campus of the
University of Florida. It causes no serious injury to the walls
and may be used wherever it is desirable.

SUBSTITUTION OF MATERIALS
Since in Florida there are a variety of conditions, such as dif-
ferent soil types and varying moisture supply, areas that are
practically frost-free and others subject to freezing temperatures,
one must exercise judgment in selecting plants suitable to the
location.
For the most part the photographs show plantings in the area
between Tampa and Tallahassee and the plants that have been
selected for these for the most part are hardy as regarding freez-









































Foundation plantings for courthouse or other public building. Would have been more effective had it been broken up into
groups, and interspersed with taller plants between the pairs of windows
groups, and interspersed with taller plants between the pairs of windows







Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes


ing temperatures and can be used as far as frost injury is con-
cerned with a fair degree of safety. However, one should select
plants best suited to the locality. Some plants do well near the
seacoast while others make poor growth. Other plants will thrive
well under dry conditions that would not grow well on poorly
drained soils.
In the case of foundation plantings, frequently the plants are
placed close to the foundation and do not get as much of the rain-
fall as plants in the open, due to the protection of the eaves of the
building. This often causes a dry condition near the base of a
building so that on the dryer soils where the buildings have a
wide over-hang the growth is often slow, largely due to a lack
of moisture.
Some plants thrive best in sunny locations where there is prac-
tically no shade, while others require a partial shade. Some
plants are more subject to insect and disease injury than others.
While these minor difficulties can be overcome by providing arti-
ficial methods of shading, watering and disease and insect con-
trol, it is always desirable to select plants that will make satis-
factory growth under the conditions and in the location where
they will be used.

FOUNDATION PLANTINGS FOR SCHOOLS, COURTHOUSES
AND OTHER LARGE BUILDINGS
Much improvement can be made in the appearance of many
of our schools and public buildings in Florida at small cost by
appropriate foundation plantings. If such plantings are prop-
erly made, they add much to the general appearance of the
structure and entire surroundings. However, if plantings are
made without regard to the location, size of building and sur-
roundings and then neglected, they detract rather than add to
the appearance of the building. Plantings for such structures
should receive even more care than for homes, as they are likely
to be more subject to lack of attention, causing drouth injury,
over-growth, lack of pruning, weak or dying plants, insect and
disease injury.
The plantings should correspond to the size and massiveness
of the building and should not obstruct or interfere with win-
dows or entrances. If the lines are plain and unbroken one can
use tall growing shrubs or even vines planted in a massive way.
On the other hand, if the building has many windows, many of
them placed close to the ground, the shrubbery opposite the
windows must be headed low and interspaced with taller plants






Florida Cooperative Extension


placed between the windows. The plantings should be more
massive than with smaller buildings.
Three types of plantings can be practiced. Group plantings
are perhaps most effective for large buildings with long, straight
lines. In this the plants are set in clusters, using plants that
can be properly planted together, then leaving a space to be
either left as a grass plot or planted with some low growing
shrub. A second plan often used effectively is to select a
single variety of plants, planting them continuously, giving the
appearance of massive planting and definite uniformity. Such
plants will require minimum care. However, it should be broken
up with taller plantings at corners and close to entrances. A
third type of planting will be to plant an area 10 or 15 feet wide
from the foundation, keeping the plants fairly uniform but using
a larger plant as a background. The Ficus vine can be used
effectively on the wall as a background for such a planting.
The same care should be exercised in soil preparation before
the plants are set as with other permanent plants, that is, if
the soil is sandy and lacks organic matter it would be advisable
to take out this soil to a depth of 10 inches or more and replace
it with better soil, mixed with stable manure and leaf mold.
The cost of such plantings can be relatively small if a proper
selection of plants is made, or if small plants are used and given
good care in the course of a year or two the plants should be
large enough to produce the desired effect. Evergreen plants
usually are best for practically all foundation plantings, other-
wise there will be a bare appearance during the winter months.
Flowering shrubs as borders for massed plantings are also
desirable. One can use either annuals or perennials and with
a little care in selection, much can be added to the variety and
attractiveness of the landscape.








-G
JUN 12 i933




Illustrations of Plantings
with Plans




Illustrations of Specimen Shrubs
Suitable for
Foundation Plantings in Florida




In the following pages will be found illustrations
of foundation plantings as actually growing in
Florida, and outlines of the planting plan followed
in each case. The last 10 pages are devoted to
pictures of individual specimens which are quite
suitable for use as foundation plantings.
While not all of the plantings and plans shown
are ideal, they should serve to give the reader a
good general idea of foundation plantings and the
plants to use for the purpose. No doubt the reader
will be able to suggest possible improvements in
some of the plantings shown.







Florida Cooperative Extension


A well-kept lawn gives this home a good setting


1. Arbor-vitae, blue green
Thuja orientalis
2. Abelia
Abelia grandiflora


3. Japanese Juniper
Juniperus chinensis var. pyramidalis
4. Arbor-vitae
Thuja orientalis var. aurea-nana
5. Retinospora obtusa var.







Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes 15







.. ,























'The narrow spaces between windows have been utilized to advantage in planting tall,
slender plants


1. Wax privet
Ligustrum lucidum
2. Arbor-vitae
Thuja orientalis var. pyramidalis
3. Indian azalea
Azalea indica


3 1

P 0 % C





Florida Cooperative Extension


III i i


A few low-growing palms interspersed with junipers and low-headed shrubs are appro-
priate for two-story homes


1. Variegated Pittosporum
2. Cocos australis palm
Butia capitata


4. Indian Azalea
Azalea indica
5. Bottle Brush


3. Podocarpus igatlstemon rzgiwus
Podocarpus macrophylla var. maki 6. Lantana and Cocos australis
Lantana camera


Bi
4 L
^ I II I I 3l I )
CO^^^^^r
T^c) -










































To a limited extent, flowering shrubs are desirable in foundation plantings


1. Japanese Juniper 4. Arbor-vitae
Juniperus chinensis var. pyramidalis Thuja orientalis


2. Variegated Pittosporum

3. Spiraea


5. Indian Azalea
Azalea indica
6. Arbor-vitae
Thzja orientalis var. pyramidalis


p o p_ c Mt
O/ 2^ 3 I


^^:
^y^ k.







Florida Cooperative Extension


Where the house is large and the lawn is wide and open, a variety of the larger plants
can be used

1. Arbor-vitae 5. Myrtle
Thuja orientalis var. conspicua Myrtus communis
2. Wax privet
Ligustrum lucidum 6. Ligustrum nepalense
3. Jasminum
Jasminum humile 7. Ligustrum lucidum
4. Greek Juniper
Juniperus excelsa var. strict







Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes


Tall plants at the corners and between the openings and low shrubs are used effectively
here


1. Wax privet
Ligustrum lucidum
2. Abelia
A belia grandiflora
3. Arbor-vitae
4. Retinospora obtusa






Florida Cooperative Extension


This plan may be used with porches having a high, bare foundation. The above shrubs,
however, should be severely pruned in a staggered manner to admit more light and air


1. Arbor-vitae
Thuja orientalis var. aurea-nana
2. Tea Plant
Thea sinensis
3. Wax privet
Ligustrzn lucidum
4. Eleagnus pungens
5. Viburnum odoratissimum


6. Arbor-vitae
Biota compact

7. Arbor-vitae

8. Variegated Pittosporum
9. Ligustrmn japonicum


0







Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes



'' S 6


Attractiveness can be obtained with a small variety of shrubs


1. Ligustrum nepalense
2. Wax privet
Ligustrum hlcidum
3. Indian Azalea
Azalea indica


4. Jasminum
Jasminum primulinum
5. Spiraea
Spiraea cantoniensis (double)


21

It


0


























.?&"i >1


Plants set too close together present a crowded appearance. The taller ones should be placed at the corners and between
the openings.


Cb
















;t3
rC

-P1



0
0r






0


-";'*(










1. Wax privet
Ligustrum lucidumn

2. Hydrangea


3. Variegated Pittosporum
4. Spiraea
5. Amur River privet







Florida Cooperative Extension


Not an elaborate planting, but the plants harmonize with the building


1. Arbor-vitae 4. Arbor-vitae
Thuja orientalis var. pyramidalis Thuja orientalis var. aurea-nana
2. Abelia 5. Wax privet
Abelia grandiflora
Ligustrum lucidum
3. Arbor-vitae
Biota compact 6. Hydrangea






Foundation Plantings for Florida Hori!SuRE^"4*
*-f,
I ^S^^|
i,1W,


A variety of shrubs blooming at different seasons often is desirable in foundation
plantings


1. Snow bush
Phyllanthus nivosus
2. Plumbago
3. Croton


Q91










PALM







Florida Cooperative Extension


Plants making good growth with little direct sunlight should be selected for heavily
shaded locations


1. Variegated Pittosporum
2. Arbor-vitae
Thuja orientalis var. pyramidalis
3. Pyracantha coccinea
var. Lalandii
4. Bottle Brush
Callistemon rigidus


5. Heavenly Bamboo
Nandina domestic
6. Feijoa
Feijoa sellowiana
7. Eleaganus
8. Cocos australis palm
Butia capitata
9. Vines-climbing rose


)o~o ~








Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes


Ferns, conifers, azaleas and annual plants are appropriate for plantings bordering
low porches


1. Turk's cap
Malvaviscus mollis

S2. Duranta plumieri


3. Azalea
4. Chinese Juniper
5. Florida Jasmine


Ferns and annuals in porch boxes







Florida Cooperative Extension


Greater variety would be an improvement here, particularly at the corners


1. Ligustrum lucidumn

2. Chinese Cedar
Juniperus chinensis

3. Ligustrum nepalense


4. Abelia
Abelia grandiflora

5. Ligustrum nepalense

6. Variegated Pittosporum







Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes


Mass plantings should show variations in types and shades of shrubs


1. Bottle Brush
Callistemon rigidus
,2. Variegated Chinese Juniper
Juniperus chinensis var. albo-variegata
3. Greek Juniper
Juniperus excels var. strict


4. Variegated Pittosporum
Pittosporum Tobira variegated
5. Wax privet
Ligustrum lucidum
6. Indian Azalea
Azalea indica


P 0 p, C N





Florida Cooperative Extension





<-^^B^^


An effective entrance planting for a rural home



1. Feijoa
Feijoa sellowiana
2. Pittosporum


,/W PRrC

0






Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes


A simple planting of hardy plants requiring minimum attention


1. Wax privet
Ligustrum lucidum
2. Feijoa
Feijoa sellowiana
3. Viburnum
Viburnum odoratissimum


P 0.6 C P4


P2


























































A larger number of tall shrubs at the corners and between the windows would improve this planting alongside a public
building


1

I


'



i-~-

L
. _--L1I~






1. Abelia
Abelia grandiflora
2. Variegated Pittosporum
3. Arbor-vitae
Thuja orientalis var. conspicua
4. Arbor-vitae, blue green
Thuja orientalis var.


5. Wax privet
Ligustrum lucidum

6. Incense cedar
Libocedrus dec~rrens

7. Bottle Brush
Callistemon rigidus











J.,,1iperas chinensis var. pyramidalis (left)
BlUe Green-Chamaecyparis orientalis (be-
low)
ClIamaecyparis orientalis var. pyramidalis
(right)


la;l -

r;
', '' ~









Cupressus lusitanica var. glauca (left)

Pfitzer juniper (below)







o







r _______







36 Florida Cooperative Extension


Zamia umbrosa, comptie or coontie (Bul. 228, Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta.)







Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes


Variegated Pittosporum


Spirea Vanhouttei







Florida Cooperative Extension


Raphiolepis umbellata (left)
(also known as R. japonica)



Myrtus communis
(below)


Jasminum primulinum (above)






Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes


Abelia grandiflora


?rl~ >4:
~it.~~~yJ


Pittosporum Tobira







Florida Cooperative Extension


Viburnum macrophyllum Jasminum humile
Duranta plumieri
Pyracantha coccinea var. Lalandii Podocarpus macrophylla var. maki








Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes 41


&Q


Severinia buxifolia


Tea plant, Thea sinensis








Florida Cooperative Extension


Buxus japonica
(right)

Ilex vomitoria-Yaupon-
sheared specimen
(below)


Wax privet-Ligustrum lucidum (right corner)


rr
''







Foundation Plantings for Florida Homes 43


Feijoa sellowiana-the Feijoa


%m n, F -. ',v.


Viburnum odoratissimum










SUGGESTED SUBSTITUTION MATERIALS


COMMON NAME
Abelia
Bottle Brush

Cocos Australis
Firethorn
Feijoa
Hydrangea
Heavenly Bamboo
Indian Azalea
Kurume azalea

Jasmine
Jasmine
Florida Jasmine

Greek Juniper

Chinese Juniper

Lantana
Plumbago

Podocarpus

Variegated Pittosporum

Wax privet
Spirea
Tea Plant
Viburnum
Viburnum


BOTANICAL NAME
Abelia grandiflora
Callistemon rigidus

Butia capitata
Pyracantha coccinea
Feijoa sellowiana
Hydrangea macrophylla
Nandina domestic
Azalea indica
Azalea obtusa
var. japonica
Jasminum humile
Jasminum primulinum
Jasminum floridum

Juniperus excelsa
var. strict
Juniperus chinensis
variegata
Lantana camera
Plumbago capensis

Podocarpus marcophylla
var. maki
Pittosporum Tobira
variegated
Ligustrum lucidum
Spirea cantoniensis (dble)
Thea sinensis
Viburnum suspensumn
Viburnum odoratissimum


SUBSTITUTION (1)
Viburnum suspensum
Podocarpus macrophylla
var. maki
Chamaerops humilis
Illicium floridanum
Ligustrum lucidum
Ilex glabra
Ligustrum coriaceum
Jasminum floridum
Spiraea Anthony Waterer

Jasminum pubescens
Abelia grandiflora
Callistemon rigidus

Thuja orientalis
var. Bonita
Juniperus virginiana

Malvaviscus
Severinia buxifolia

Ilex vomitoria

Pittosporum Tobira
green
Feijoa sellowiana
Exochorda grandiflora
Camellia japonica
Raphiolepis japonica
Nerium oleander


SUBSTITUTION (2)
Plumbago capensis alba
Ligustrum (variegated)

Rhapidophyllum
Buddleia officinalis
Cotoneaster pannosa
Viburnum macrophyllum
Buxus japonica
Ixora coccinea
Severinia buxifolia

Nandina domestic
Duranta plumieri
Phyllanthus nivosus
var. roseo-pictus
Thuja occidentalis
var. globosa
Thuja orientalis
var. stricta
Hibiscus Rosa-sinensis
Azalea obtusa
var. japonica
Baccharis halimifolia

Ligustrum luc) LLZie

Myrica ceraifa ,
Azalea canescei -e
Myrtus c muit tO \
Pittospor i. Tojrd' 0
Photinia agerul-cda l "


\ 2 .&/i




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs