• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Frontispiece
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 The Elephant
 Elephant Hunt In Africa
 The Tiger Hunt
 Elephant Corral In Ceylon
 The Elephant And the Tailor
 The Camel
 Caravan Crossing The Desert
 The Giraffe
 The Arab Horse
 Back Cover






Title: Pictures and stories of natural history
CITATION PAGE TURNER PAGE IMAGE
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026005/00001
 Material Information
Title: Pictures and stories of natural history
Physical Description: 1, 24, 23 p., 7 leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 20 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Thomas Nelson & Sons ( Publisher )
Publisher: T. Nelson and Sons
Place of Publication: London ;
New York
Publication Date: 1871
 Subjects
Subject: Natural history -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Animals -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Juvenile literature -- Africa   ( lcsh )
Juvenile literature -- Sri Lanka   ( lcsh )
Children's stories -- 1871   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1871
Genre: Children's stories   ( lcsh )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
 Notes
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00026005
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002236014
notis - ALH6482
oclc - 04352947
 Related Items
Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Front Matter
        Page 3
    Frontispiece
        Page 4
    Title Page
        Page 5
    Table of Contents
        Page 6
    The Elephant
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Elephant Hunt In Africa
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    The Tiger Hunt
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    Elephant Corral In Ceylon
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    The Elephant And the Tailor
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
    The Camel
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    Caravan Crossing The Desert
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
    The Giraffe
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    The Arab Horse
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
    Back Cover
        Page 59
        Page 60
Full Text
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PICTURES AND STORIESOFNATURAL HISTORY.q. gelson anb orn, gConinu, Obinburgh, anb fitetb ork.1871.------_J


o n t c n t5s.THE ELEPHANT.ELEPHANT HUNT IN AFRICA.THE TIGER HUNT.ELEPHANT CORRAL IN CEYLON.STORY OF THE ELEPHANT AND THE TAILOR.THE CAMEL.CARAVAN CROSSING THE DESERT.THE GIRAFFE.THE ARAB HORSE.


THE ELEPHANT.-HE home of the elephant is in thedeep shady forest.The forests in hot countries reacha great many miles. The trees growthick and tall, and make it almost dark.The elephant likes the shade. He willstand in the coolest place he can find. Hewill. keep flapping his ears, to drive awaythe flies; or he will pull down a boughwith his trunk, and fan himself with it.But he likes better still to get into astream of water. He sucks the water up inhis trunk, and then spouts it all over hisbody. He is so fond of bathing that hecannot be happy away from the water.And he is very fond of fruit. Many niceIA (1)


THE ELEPHANT.fruits grow in the forest, and they servehim for food. Besides the fruit, he eats theleaves and the young tender boughs of thetrees.There is plenty for him in his nativeforest. But sometimes he is not content.When the crops of rice and Indian corn aregetting ripe in the fields, he thinks heshould like a taste of them. Then he doesa great deal of mischief. He will come outof the forest and go trampling along withhis clumsy feet. When he gets to a gardenor field, he will break down the fence andwalk in. It will be in the night, whenpeople are asleep, and the elephant willhave it all his own way. He will eat asmuch as he can, and trample down morethan he eats.When the man who owns the field getsup the next morning, he will find no(2)'


THE ELEPHANT.elephant, for the elephant is gone back tothe forest. But all the nice young cropwill be spoiled.A great many flowers grow in the forest.Some of these have a very sweet scent, andthe elephant likes the smell of them.Sometimes he will gather them with histrunk, and make them into a nosegay, andseem very pleased with them. And helikes best to eat those trees that have apleasant smell. He will eat the orange-tree quite up, so that not a bit of it is left!When the elephants move about in theforest, the oldest elephant goes first. Thelittle elephants and their mothers are inthe middle of the troop, that they may bethe safest. They march along with a' greattrampling noise. The boughs of the treesbend and break before them.No one dares to attack a herd of ele-(8)


THE ELEPHANT.phants marching through the forest. Butif an elephant stays behind, the hunterswill try to take him. They want his teeth,and the two ivory tusks that grow on eachside of his mouth. Or they want to tamehim, and make him carry and draw likethe horse or the camel.He can do things that the horse cannot.He can wait on his master, like a servant.Look at the elephant in the picture. Heis sweeping with a broom, and making agreat dust. He holds the broom in histrunk, as if he were holding it in hishand.His trunk is as useful to him as if itwere a hand, and he can move it about ashe likes. When he wants to eat, he takesthe food up with his trunk and puts it intohis mouth. He can pick up a pin as wellas you can, Or he can untie a knot, or(4)


ELEPHANT HUNT IN AFRICA.unlock a door, or even be taught to writewith a pen!The man in the picture is the elephant'skeeper. He has an iron rod in his handto guide him with. When he says " Kneeldown," the elephant will bend his knees,and let him get on his back. A word willbe enough to make the elephant set off, orto make him stop.ELEPHANT HUNT IN AFRICA.THE elephant that lives in Africa is nottamed and made to work. It used to be,once upon a time. The soldiers, when theywent to battle, were mounted on the backsof elephants. But it did not always answer.For if the elephants were driven back, theywould run trampling down their own party,* *a : ,1''


ELEPHANT HUNT IN AFRICA.and would do as much mischief on one sideas on the other.In these days the people who live in Africado not take the trouble to tame the ele-phant. When they go to hunt, they try tokill him. They want his tusks, and histeeth, which are ivory; and*a great manyelephants are killed for nothing but theivory.The white men use guns to shoot theelephant with. And those tribes that aresubject to the English, use guns -too.But the plan of the natives is to hunt theelephant with spears, you see. in thepicture.The natives have first to find out wherethe elephant is. He does not often showhimself. He keeps in the thickest andcoolest part of the, forest, and is so hiddenby the shrubs and trees, that they may be(6)


ITIETELEPHANT HUNT IN AFRICA.


ELEPHANT HUNT IN AFRIOA.close to him and yet not see him. But thenatives go about looking on the ground forwhat they call the " spoor " of the elephant.That means the mark of his foot upon theground. They are very clever in guessingwhat sort of an elephant it is that has madethe spoor, and they follow the spoor allthrough the forest till they come to wherethe elephant is.If they do not see him, they stand quitestill and listen. They listen to hear himbreathe; for he makes a funny noise whenhe breathes, like the bubbling of water.When they have come to the end of thespoor, they are sure to hear the bubblingnoise; by which they know the elephant isclose by.If you look at the picture, you will seethat the hunt has begun. There is amother elephant, with her two young ones.(8)


ELEPHANT HUNT IN AFRICA.She stood browsing under the trees, herlittle ones beside her. All at once, some-thing sharp hurt her and made her start.It was a spear. The man who threw it ishidden behind a tree, where the elephantcannot see him. You can see many blackfaces peering from among the bushes. Aman is going to throw a second spear. Theelephant is angry. She throws her trunkinto the air, and makes a shrill noise like atrumpet. She goes trampling off amongthe trees, her little ones with her. Themen keep out of her way. If she saw them,she would run full at them, and tramplethem to death.They let her run as far as she likes.When she gets a good way off, she will stop,and fancy she is out of danger. But themen follow her, step by step. She standsresting herself and getting her breath after2 A 0)


ELEPHANT HUNT IN AFRICA.the run she has had, when there comes an-other spear. The black faces peer at herthrough the bushes. The poor elephant hasto set off again. This time her body has agreat many spears sticking in it.She will be driven about in this way bythe hunters. They are very patient, andkeep on day after day. She gets weakfrom loss of blood, and cannot run anymore. At last she falls down and dies, andthe hunters carry away her tusks and herteeth.Thus, in spite of the size and strength ofthe elephant, man-with his gift of reason,and his skill-is able to subdue it, andmake himself the master.w


THE TIGER HUNT.IT is not very safe to hunt the tiger, asi you may think if you look at thepicture.People are more afraid of the tigerthan they are of the lion. The tiger is socruel, that they always try to hunt himdown if they can.He lives in the jungle. The jungle is apart of the forest where the grass and shrubsgrow so thick that it is hard work for thehunters to force their way along. And anymoment the tiger may spring out upon them.The hunters ride, as you see, on the backof an elephant. They sit in a car, that inIndia is called a howdah.The elephant knows his way through the(11I


THE TIGER HUNT.forest, for he lived there before he was caughtand tamed by his master.He is very careful that his master doesnot get hurt by the branches of the treesthat hang over his head. He will pull themdown with his trunk, or push them out ofthe way.The elephant knows when a tiger is near.He makes a shrill cry, and the men on hisback get their spears and guns ready.In a very few minutes the tiger springsout of the jungle. He makes a dreadfulgrowling, and his eyes sparkle like fire.The elephant knows what to do. He liftsup his trunk in the air, to be out of the way.If the tiger were to lay hold of his trunk,the elephant could not defend himself orhis master either. The tiger will comespringing with great force; but the elephanttries to knock him down with his trunk.(12)


"'P ., "*)ISD-'


THE TIGER HUNT.The men in the howdah fire off their guns.If the tiger is wounded and falls, the ele-phant sets his great foot upon him, andcrushes him to death.But sometimes it happens that the ele-phant is not so brave or so quick. Then itis very bad for the men in the howdah.The tiger will climb up the side of theelephant like a cat, and there is no knowingwhat mischief he may not do.Once upon'a time some men went tohunt the tiger. The elephant did not liketo face the tiger, and turned round to getaway. In a moment the tiger climbed uphis side, as you see him do in the picture.He laid hold of one of the men with hissharp teeth, and dragged him down on tothe ground. Then he threw him over hisback as easily as a cat would a mouse, andset off with him to the jungle!(1l)


THE TIGER HUNT.Do you wonder what became of the. poorman ? He lay on the back of the tiger, andevery now and then his face was scratchedby the thorns and briers through which hewas being dragged. He had a pair ofpistols in his belt, and he drew one of themout and took aim at the tiger's head. Hefired, but missed the tiger, and only madehim angry and give the man a shake. Butthe man drew out his other pistol, and firedagain. This time he did not miss his aim,and the tiger fell dead on the spot.He was glad he had killed the tiger. Buthe was still more glad when he heard voices,and the trampling of the elephant.' Hi-friends had come after him, and would carryhim away in safety.The tiger is very handsome with hisstriped skin. But he is more fierce andcruel than any of the creatures that live in(14)


ELEPHANT CORRAL IN CEYLON.the forest. When a tigress has had hercubs shot by the hunter, she will follow himto the town where he lives. She is madwith rage, and will rush into the streets.It is a good thing that there are not verymany tigers.ELEPHANT CORRAL IN CEYLON.THERE are a great many elephants in theIsland of Ceylon, and the people who livethere are very fond of trying to catch them.It is great riches to them to get the ele-phants; for they can sell them as soon asthey are tame enough. And even if onedies in being caught, there are his ivorytusks, which are worth a good deal of money.The first thing the natives do is to choosea place near to the forest, and make a(16)


ELEPHANT CORRAL IN CEYLON.fence round it, as we might do to pen cattlein. Only we should not make it so large,or so strong, for each post in the fence isreally the trunk of a tree.SThe space inside the fence is called acorral. The fence has open places likegreat door-ways left in it, where the ele-phants are to get in. That is, when theycome rushing towards it, which the nativeswill contrive to make them do by-and-by.All the time the corral is being gotready, the elephants are safe arid happyin the forest. But they begin to see blaz-ing lights all round them. These lightsare the fires that the natives are making tofrighten the elephants.The fires seem at first a long way off.But they come nearer and nearer, until thepoor elephants are hemmed in by fires onall sides but one. Behind the flames are(16)


ArAELEPHANT CORRAL IN CEYLONELEPHANT CORRAL IN CEYLON.


ELEPHANT CORRAL IN CEYLON.crowds of men, with white shining sticksand spears in their hands. The men knockthese sticks about, and brandish their spears,and make a great shouting noise, to frightenthe elephants as much as they can.The elephants look about, to see whichway they can escape from the noise. Onlyone way is left open, and the whole herdsets off with a furious rush down it. That-one way leads them to the corral! As soonas the elephants are in the corral, the natives"bar up the door-ways, so that they cannotget out again. Then the poor elephantsfind themselves penned in, as safe as if theywere in prison.In the meantime the natives have plentyto do. The corral is very much crowded,as you see, and one by one the elephantsmust be got out.Do you see those two men riding upon(18)


ELEPHANT CORRAL IN CEYLON.elephants ? Those elephants are tame ones.They were once caught in the corral them-selves; but they have been well taught, andare quite willing to catch their old friendsof the forest.The natives on foot have also plenty to do.They have just got an elephant out of thecorral, and are barring the door-way behindhim. He seems in a great passion; but thetame elephants know how to manage him.They will come, one on each side of him,and will stroke him with their trunks, andseem to talk to him. He gets a little morequiet while the tame elephants are withhim, and they entice him to follow themaway from the corral. They stop whenthey come to a good strong tree. Thenatives keep close behind, and begin in aminute to coil the rope round and roundthe tree, I mean the rope that is hanging"019)


ELEPHANT CORRAL IN CEYLON.to the elephant's leg. The elephant doesnot take any notice of what they are doing,so long as his false friends are with him.But as soon as he is tied fast to the tree,they go away and leave him. He wants togo after them; and when he finds that hecannot, he screams, and roars, and strugglesas if he would pull down the tree!The natives soon come back, and bring himcocoa-nuts and plenty of nice green leavesto eat. He is too angry to eat at preseht,and he tosses the cocoa-nuts about, anditramples them under his feet. But in spiteof his rage he cannot help getting hungry.By-and-by he is -glad to take all the nuts.and good things the natives can bring him.He gets tame and gentle. And in a littletime he can be ridden about, and made to.do anything his master likes., (30)


UI I1:rr


THE ELEPHANT AND THE TAILOR.3 THOPE you are not tired of the cle-Sphant. I have something more toStell you about him.When the elephant has been tamedhe is very gentle, and does as he is bid.But he does not like to be teased ; and liewill not put up with it either. You willsee this if you look at the picture.That man is a tailor, and sits at work inhis shop. It is in India, and people wearlong loose robes of silk or of muslin. Heis making a robe of crimson silk, and itlies upon his knee.A little time ago the elephant went downthe street, and passed the tailor's shop. Ashe was going by, the tailor called to him to


THE ELEPHANT AND THE TAILOR.stop, and held out his hand, as if he hadsomething to give him. But instead of this,he was going to play him a trick. Theelephant put his trunk into the shop, think-ing he should have some cake or somefruit. No such thing. The unkind tailoronly gave the elephant's trunk a prick withhis needle. Then he laughed; and all themen in the shop laughed with him.The elephant did not like to be madefun of. But he seemed to take no notice,and walked away. He did not forget it;and what is more, he made up his mindto punish the tailor!The next day the elephant went downthe street again. Before he came to thetailor's shop, he stopped at a puddle ofdirty water. Here he filled his trunk withthe dirty water, and went on again. Hewent on to te tailor's shop-and what do(f2)


THE ELEPHANT AND THE TAILOR.you think he did ? The tailor was sittingat work as usual, and the smart crimsonrobe lay on his knee. The elephant cameto a stand. He looked at the tailor, andthen lifted up his trunk and squirted thedirty water all over him!I am afraid the smart robe on his kneewill be spoiled. And perhaps he will havelearned to do as he would be done by, andnot be so fond of teasing.But I can tell you another little storyabout the elephant.If any one is kind to him, he never for-gets it. A poor woman had a stall in themarket and sold fruit. An elephant usedto go by, and always stopped to look at herstall. She knew how fond the elephant wasof fruit; and she used, now and then, togive him some.One day the elephant went into a passion(23)


THE ELEPHANT AND THE TAILOR.with his keeper. He broke loose, and ranthrough the market, trampling down everything before him.. The people at the stallsran away as fast as they could. The poorwoman left her stall and ran too. But sheforgot, in her fright, that her little childwas sitting on the ground, close by thestall! It was just in the elephant's way,and you would think it must have beentrampled to death. But the elephant knewthe child again, and knew that this was thestall where he had been fed with fruit.Though he was in a passion, he stopped. Helooked at the child, and picked it up withhis trunk. Then he set it out of his way,and went on. You may think how gladthe poor woman was to see her child safe.Is it not better to be kind to dumbanimals, than to tease them and to-,playthem tricks ?(24)


. ... ..


THE CAMEL.OD has made the camel so that hecan live in the desert.The desert is a great sandy plain,"that reaches many hundred miles.The sand is very hot, for the burning sunshines all day upon it.It would scorch your feet to walk uponthe hot sand. But the camel's feet aremade on purpose, and it does not hurt themat all.Sometimes the wind rises in the desert,and whirls the sand round and round in theair. The men lie down on their faces, andtry to keep the sand out of their mouthsand out of their noses. The camel is betteroff than they are. He can shut his noselB ()


THE CAMEL.quite tight-so tight that not a bit of sandcan get in.Water is very scarce in the desert. Thewells of water are so far apart, that mensometimes die of thirst as they go from onewell to another. But the camel can gomany days without drinking; and I cantell you how it is. He has a pouch in hisstomach, and he fills it with water. Thiskeeps the camel from being thirsty.And he can smell water a very long wayoff. When the men have drunk up all thewater they carry with them, they think theymust die of thirst. No well is to be seen,and they don't know where to find one.But the camel pricks up his ears, andsnuffs with his nose in the air, as if hesmelt something. He jogs on a little faster,and a little faster still. The men do nottry to stop him. They know that he smells(2)


THE CAMEL.water; and so it is. There is a well, milesaway in the distance, and the camel ismaking his way to it. There the poorthirsty people can drink as much as theylike.Perhaps it is night when they get to thewell, and the camel is turned loose to gethis own supper. He will eat the nice bitof grass that grows near the water. But heis not dainty, and if there is no grass, hemakes his supper on the plants that live inthe sand, and that are all over prickles andspikes.The men would not think such plantswere of any use, if they did not see thecamel eat them.The camel in the picture belongs to anArab. You can see the tent he lives in.The tree that grows by the side of thetent is a date-palm. The dates are nice to


THE CAMEL.eat: they are as good to the Arab as breadis to us.And you see what a load the camel hasupon his back. The camel has been taughtto carry a heavy load; and I will tell youhow. When he was quite a little camel, hismaster made him kneel down once everyday. Then he put a weight upon his back,and made him get up again. He went ondoing this every day, and every day he puta greater weight upon the camel's back.When the camel was grown up, his backhad got used to burdens, and he could carrya very great load.All the time the camel is being loadedhe makes a noise, as if he would complainof his hard lot. He knows just how muchhe can carry. If his master puts a littletoo much upon him, he will not get upuntil some of the load is taken off. Then(4)


THE CAMEL.he will get up and set off with good-will,and be patient and happy, let his hardshipsbe what they will.The Arab does not drive his camel witha whip. Instead of that, he sings a song;and the camel is so pleased with the musicthat he quickens his pace, and goes as fastas he can.The hair of the camel falls off once ayear; and the Arab uses it to make warmclothing of. You have read in the Biblethat John the Baptist had a garment ofcamel's hair, when he was in the desert.There are two kinds of camels. TheArab's camel has one hump, and is calledby a very long name. It is called a Drome-dary, and is more used to ride upon thanto carry burdens. The other camel has twohumps. He cannot go so fast, but he cancarry a greater weight upon his back.I~


CARAVAN CROSSING THE DESERT.SA GREAT many hundred years ago astring of camels, like those in the"(' picture, was wending its way along.^ The camels had heavy loads on theirbacks. They were taking'myrrh and spicesinto the land of Egypt. The people ofEgypt used a great many spices and sweet-smelling herbs to embalm their mummieswith.The men with the camels were merchants,who meant to sell the spices, or else ex-change them for something they had need of.They were going across the desert; andif you look, you can see what sort of aplace the desert is. Nobody lives there,and nothing is to be seen but sand.(6)


"AllCARAVAN CROSSING THE DESERT.* .. -.. 4~-~--"--


CARAVAN CROSSING THE DESERT.The merchants had a young lad withthem. They had bought him of someshepherds for twenty pieces of silver, andthey were taking him into the land ofEgypt. When they got there, they wouldsell him for a slave. The young lad wasJoseph, whom you read about in the Bible;and the shepherds who had sold him werehis wicked brethren.The string of camels in the picture isgoing across the desert, just as camels usedto do in those old days. But the grandtemples and buildings, that were then sofamous in Egypt, are now great blocks ofruins. You may catch sight of some ofthem in the distance. The drifting sand ofthe desert has almost buried them. cIt would not be safe for a man to travelalone in the desert. There are the wildArabs, who ride about on their swift horses.(8)


CARAVAN CROSSING THE DESERT.And there are the wild beasts, prowlingabout looking for prey. So people like tojoin, and go in a party; and this is calleda caravan.There is a great deal to be done beforethe caravan sets off. The Arabs have toload the camels, and that takes a long time.They make a great noise about it, and shoutand scream. And all talk at once. Andthe camels make as much noise as theArabs, all the time they are being loaded.And there are the tents that have to bepacked up on the backs of the camels.For the caravan will have to stop and rest,and there are no houses in the desert, Andthere are the water-bottles to be filled, Theyare not like our bottles. They are madeof the skin of the goat, and are filled withwater, and then tied up at the neck,A safe guide goes with the caravan, to2 B "()


CARAVAN CROSSING THE DESERT.lead the way across the desert. He ridesfirst, on horseback, as you see. And thecamels are tied to each other by a rope,and come after him. The guide belongs toa tribe of Arabs who are friendly to thecaravan. They will come and help, if thereis any great danger.If he is a good guide, he knows wherethose nice green spots are that the palm-tree grows in, and where the wells ofwater are to be found. Such a green spotis called an " oasis," and the caravan likesto rest there. And he ought to know themirage when he sees it, and not be takenin. The mirage is a piece of sand thatlooks like water, and people who know nobetter will go to it, and expect to drink.But when they get there, it is only sand!And he ought to guess, from the look ofthe sky, when the simoom is going to blow.O10)


CARAVAN CROSSING THE DESERT.MIRAGE IN THE DESERT.The simoom is a hot, burning wind, thatscorches the people in the caravan, and(Ii)


CARAVAN CROSSING THE DESERT.almost chokes them with sand. They mustall lie down, close to the ground, till it hasblown over them. So unless the guideis a good guide, the caravan will bebadly off.There are a great many kinds of trap-pings for the camels, as you see. And thewomen ride in a sort of cradle with curtainsround it. The camels have bells tied totheir necks, and are gay with ostrichfeathers and cuttings of cloth. The bellsmake a jingling noise, and the Arabs keepsinging, to cheer the camels along, and tofrighten away the wild beasts.The caravan moves at a very slow paceacross the desert. But it comes at last toits journey's end.(12)


~/3N.~


THE GIRAFFE.HE cameleopard is called the giraffe,and as that is a shorter name, wehad better use it.S What a strange-looking animalhe is! His head is like the head of adeer, and his eyes are very bright indeed.He has a long thin tongue, which is ofgreat use to him. You see in thepicture how he is putting it out to layhold of the branch of a tree. He wantsto get the leaves off to eat them. He willstrip them off one by one, till not a leafis left.He can eat grass if he likes, but it is noteasy for him to stoop his long neck to theground. He has to stand with his front(18)


THE GIRAFFE.legs so wide apart that it gives him a veryawkward look.He is rather dainty. He will only eatthe softest part of the grass; and when heis feeding on a tree, if there are any thornson it, he will strip them off and throw themaway.The giraffe lives in the woods and sandyplains of Africa. He is very harmless. Hehas neither teeth nor claws to fight with,and if he is in danger, he can only runaway.He is in danger from the lion. Whenthe giraffe comes to a pool to drink, heoften finds the lion there before him. Thelion makes a loud roaring, and springs onhis back. Then the poor giraffe gallopsaway as fast as he can. But he cannot getrid of the lion. Though his back is sosloping the lion holds himself on it, and(14)


THE GIRAFFE.will not let go till the giraffe falls anddies.Besides the lion, there is the Arab. Hethinks the flesh of the giraffe nice to eat.And he uses the handsome spotted skinfor his shield, and his sandals, and formany other things.For a long time no one hunted the giraffebut the Arabs. But when it was found outthat such a strange-looking creature wasliving in Africa, people at home wanted tosee him.A clever hunter was sent over to Africato bring back a giraffe alive.The Arabs were willing to help him, andthat was a good thing. The Arabs knewbetter than he did how to hunt the giraffe.They rode on their Arab horses, that are soswift, and that I am going to tell you aboutby-al d-by.m 2


THE GIRAFFE.Very soon the party of hunters cameupon a giraffe and her young one. Theold giraffe was too large and strong to betaken alive. The Arabs wanted her fleshto eat while they were in the desert. Theykilled her, and though the little one ranaway they did not mind. They felt theyshould very soon find it. They were tootired to follow it just then.They went into their tent, and began tocook their dinner. Their dinner was someslices of meat from the giraffe. They askedthe hunter to eat with them, and hethought it very nice.Early the next morning they startedagain, and soon saw the mark of the littlegiraffe on the sand.It was easy to catch the little giraffe. Itwas not so strong as its mother, and couldnot run so fast.(16)


THE GIRAFFE.When it was caught, the Arabs were verykind to it. They stayed in the desert fora few days to tame it, and to make it followthem. They gave it milk from a camelthey had brought with them, and it wassoon quite tame and willing to go wherethey liked.Four of the giraffes were brought toEngland alive, and the Arabs came withthem.They got to London early one morning.They were going to be taken to the gardensin the Park, and to live there for people tolook at.The Arabs led them through the streets;and you might think they would be afraid.For the streets of London are not at alllike the desert they had left. But theydid not seem to mind. They walked alongwithout giving any trouble; and when theyB3 (17)


flHE GIRAFFE.got to the gardens they let the Arabs leadthem in.Crowds of people came to see the giraffes,and to see the Arabs who were with them.The giraffe is fond of sugar, or any thingsweet. The Arab used to take a lump ofsugar in his hand, and the giraffe wouldfollow him about as if he were begging forit. He would get it out of his hand withthat long thin tongue I told you about.A lady stood looking at the giraffe gettingthe sugar. Her bonnet was trimmed withflowers and berries. The giraffe took themfor real berries. He stooped his long neckand bit them off!(18)


THE ARAB HORSE.OU have read in the Bible of people; dwelling in tents. The Arabs livein tents now, and they are just likethose the Bible tells us about.The Arab would not be happy if he weremade to stay long in one place. So atent suits him better than a house. Hecan set it up where he likes, and whenhe is tired of living there, he can take itdown again, and carry it off somewhereelse.If he is rich, he has plenty of flocks andherds to drive before him. And he hascamels to carry his tents and his goods.But what he loves and values more thanthem all is his horse,(19)


THE ARAB IORSE.In the picture the Arab is standing byhis horse, and just going to mount.His horse can carry him a great manymiles without stopping. And he seems asfond of going about as his master is.An Arab once was so fond of riding, thathe spent three or four weeks on horseback!He would gallop off from his tent a dozentimes a day, make a long circuit, and comeback again. He would ride with his spearin his hand, and his robe flying behind himin the wind.His horse did not seem at all tired withthese gallops. And when he came back tothe tent, he would paw the ground, andwant to be off again as soon as his masterwould let him.The Arab looks upon his horse as hisbest friend. When the little foal is born,the Arab takes it in his arms. He will(mO


i rimI"r<V7Rr


THE ARAB HORSE.nurse and cherish it, as if it were a baby, tillit gets strong enough to stand. Then hesets it on the ground, and watches it as ittotters about and tries to'walk. As itgrows older it is let to run about in thetent, like a dog. The children make agreat fuss with it, and are very fond of itindeed. The women feed it with camel'smilk, and take care of it. They would notpart with it for any money.The horse, as you may think, grows upto be very fond of his master, and willnever fail him. If he is in danger, thehorse will put out all his strength, andgallop so fast that nothing can overtake him.And the Arab could not hunt if it werenot for his horse. None but an Arab horseis swift enough, or strong enough, to huntthe ostrich.The ostrich is the great bird 'of the desert,S21)


THE ARAB HORSE.It is taller than a man, and, its long legscan take very wide strides. As it runs, itswings help it along, though they are toosmall to fly with. It gets over the groundso fast, that not even the Arab horse hasany chance of catching it. But the ostrichhas not so much sense as the horse. Insteadof running in a straight line, it keeps goingfrom one side to the other. The horse allthe while gallops along, without turning tothe right or to the left. So that he keepsgetting nearer and nearer to the ostrich.At last the ostrich gets tired, and hides itshead in the sand. Then the Arab cantake it.Its fine feathers are what he wants; andthey are sent to England for the ladies towear in their hats and bonnets.And besides the ostrich, the Arab huntsthe giraffe. This is very hard work indeed.~2S)


THE ARAB HORSE.And if the horse were not very strong, hecould not do it. Sometimes the giraffewill bound away to a rock or mountain.He can climb as well as a goat can, andthe horse cannot follow him. Then thegiraffe gets away. But if it is on.levelground, the horse will never give up thechase. He will press on, without food orrest, till he has run down the poor giraffe.The Arab is so fond of his horse that hewill very seldom part with him. AnEnglishman was once on his travels in thedesert. He wanted an Arab horse, and hetold an Arab if he would sell his horse, hewould give him a great deal of money.The Arab only laughed and rode away.You might think he must have been rich,to refuse so much money. But no suchthing! All he had in the world was hishorse!(23)


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