• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Foreword
 Introduction
 Outline of program
 Bibliography
 Directory of publishers
 Back Cover














Group Title: Mouth hygiene program : a project for a school year. For use in the classrooms of the schools of Florida.
Title: A mouth hygiene program
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 Material Information
Title: A mouth hygiene program a project for a school year. For use in the classrooms of the schools of Florida
Physical Description: 19 <10>p. : ;
Language: English
Creator: Florida State Dental Society
Publisher: Florida State Dental Society
Place of Publication: <Clermont>
Publication Date: 1930
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Bibliography: Bibliographies.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00025682
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Title Page
        Page 3
    Foreword
        Page 4
    Introduction
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Outline of program
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Bibliography
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
    Directory of publishers
        Page 28
        Page 29
    Back Cover
        Page 30
Full Text






A


MOUTH HYGIENE


PROGRAM

A PROJECT FOR A SCHOOL YEAR





FOR USE IN THE CLASSROOMS
OF THE SCHOOLS OF FLORIDA


.. *.** *.. .. **. ..



..- ...... .
._ :.. : :.. :. '. ". :.'. .
'*" .


Published by
The F'lorida State Dental Society
1 9 3







A MOUTH HYGIENE

PROGRAM
A PROJECT FOR A SCHOOL YEAR




FOR USE IN THE CLASSROOMS
OF THE SCHOOLS OF FLORIDA
















Published by
The Florida State Dental Society
1930







Page 4




Foreword


The Aims Committee of the Florida Curriculum Revision Pro-
gram adopted the following general aim of education:
It is the aim of education to promote and direct the
adjustment and growth of the individual that he may
live worthily in an ever changing society. Everything
he learns is valuable only to the extent that it contrib-
utes to this central aim.
As the first specific objective for both elementary and sec-
ondary education the committee made the following adoption:
Health: Every interest of the State whether economic,
social or moral is dependent upon the health of its
people. The fullness of modern life makes larger and
larger demands upon human energy. The individual
who is well fortified with efficient health habits and a
strong physical body will get, as well as give, most in
S the great adventure of life.
It therefore becomes the responsibility as well as the duty of
every teacher to administer to the total needs of every child-the
physical, the mental and the social needs. Health education as a
part of the school program should make a valuable contribution to
these needs.
Since health education is a way of living and not just a sub-
ject to be taught the school and teacher must cooperate with others
who can also contribute to growth and development of the child so
that he may live a more worthy and serviceable life.
This program of dental health education as presented by the
Florida State Dental Society thru its committee on Public Educa-
tion and Oral Hygiene is concrete evidence of the cooperative spirit
of this professional group. If the program can be transformed
from this paper service will be rendered to this and future gen-
erations.
C. M. MILES,
State Supervisor of Physical and Health Education.






Page 5




Introduction


The Florida State Dental Society presents this Program of
Mouth Hygiene or Dental Health Education with the hope that the
contents may stimulate the interest of the school teachers to the
value of such a program in the class room.
Willis A. Sutton, Superintendent of Schools, Atlanta, Georgia,
and President of the National Education Association sends the com-
mittee this message:
"It is the obligation of the public school to teach health; far
more important than Latin, Greek or other foreign languages. If
one must be spared, we had better spend less on languages and
more on health. I have no hesitancy in saying that our mouth
hygiene program has saved on a basis of $150,000.00 a year on
failures. We may safely say that at least five percent more chil-
dren are promoted now than before such a health program was
carried out. According to one of the most eminent physicians in
America, such a program as we are working out in Atlanta will add
five years to the life of a child."
The extracts from a few surveys show an alarming percentage
of school children with dental trouble. This is indicative of the
condition of school children throughout the United States.
Chicago-33,380 school children examined; 30,000 with defective
teeth.
Milwaukee-26,700'school children examined; 23,000 with defective
teeth.
Philadelphia-10,000 school children examined; 98% had 8 cavities
per dhild; 70% had never received treatment.
Bridgeport-6788 first and second grade children had 7 cavities per
child.
Peoria, Ill.-4883 children had 3108 sixth year molars decayed and
994 other permanent teeth decayed.
Detroit-170,045 children had 79,018 temporary teeth decayed;
77,726 permanent teeth decayed; 48,481 teeth with
abscesses.
Mississippi-504 teachers had 935 permanent teeth missing of
which 38% were sixth year molars; 20% of the teachers
had marked gingival (gum) disease.
The Program is intended to be suggestive in character,
for as is found in the Final Report of the Fargo, N. D., Demon-
stration by the Commonwealth Fund, "There is no best way of
teaching health or hygiene; that, given correct subject matter and
natural motivation, good results must follow; that the original
efforts at combining the two would be one of the greatest contri-
butions the teacher could make to the success of the entire pro-
gram. The most important factor is one too subtle for obvious

7(o 1-







Page 6


description. It is the incidental reference to health which the good
teacher is able to infuse into the various activities of the class-
room, which without precept, creates an impression that the desir-
able principles of behavior are taken for granted."
The basic idea of this Program is taken from Programs sub-
mitted in a contest conducted by this Society in 1929, in which the
award of fifty dollars was given to Mrs. Jessie M. Foster, Jack-
sonville and honorable mention to Mrs. George R. Baughn, Pensa-
cola.
Teachers are urged to call on the members of this Society in
their communities to assist in any way possible to make a mouth
hygiene program which will function in the schools of Florida.
Teachers may find in the offices of the members of this So-
ciety current dental magazines which carry up-to-date articles on
mouth hygiene and nutrition.
Special attention is directed to the Bibliography which will
suggest a wealth of material for reference and use.
Each teacher cannot personally afford to buy many books
.which are given in the Bibliography, but possibly teachers in a
school or community may cooperate; school boards may be in-
duced to buy certain book seach year; parent-teacher associa-
tions may contribute to such a library fund.
He or she who helps another "to live most and serve best" oc-
cupies a valuable place in life.
FLORIDA STATE DENTAL SOCIETY
through its Committee on Public Education and
Oral Hygiene:
Dr. Fred M. York, St. Petersburg.
Dr. C. J. Masters, Jacksonville.
Dr. L. T. Fields, Panama City.
Dr. F. C. Boardman, Orlando.
Dr. Willard Andes, Miami.
Dr. F..L. Adams, Tampa.







Page 7




Outline of Program


This Program on Mouth Hygiene or Dental Health Education
is designed to cover an entire school year and is based on the princ-
iples embodied in the following statements.
A report of the Commission on the Reorganization of Secon-
dary Education appointed by the National Education Association
states as cardinal principles seven objectives to be attained in the
elementary schools and the first one of all is-HEALTH.
Dental or Mouth Health may be an Index of General Health.
"Because of the fact that few people escape the ravages of
dental disease, because dental disease may be the result of other
bodily ills or may itself produce other physical irregularities, and
because dental disease is largely a disease of childhood, it is highly
desirable that those things be taught which will arouse in the
individual the desire to eliminate already existing trouble and if
possible develop a resistance to any future trouble." (Joint Report
p. 68).
"Teeth are to be considered living tissue, as are other tis-
sues of the body, than was formerly thought. The teeth show
early and marked changes to certain nutritional defiencies."
(Bureau Ed. Better Teeth p. 17. Joint Report p. 50).
"Feeding, sunning, airing, sleeping, exercising and clothing of
the child are important if he is to have the best teeth which it is
possible for him to have." (Bureau Ed. Better Teeth p. 18).
"Those things which are prescribed as essential to general
health are also necessary to healthy mouth conditions. These
points may be looked after by the individual on his own initiative,
as his age and mentality interpret their necessity." (Joint Report
p. 71).
Mouth Hygiene, Definition
"By mouth hygiene is meant that system of principles or rules
designed for the promotion of the health of the mouth, the teeth
and their supporting structures." (Joint Report p. 68).
This Program includes in each monthly assignment chapters
from the state-adopted text book on Hygiene for the intermediate
grades. This Program can be adapted for primary grades by fol-
lowing a plan such as suggested by Maud A. Brown in "Simplicity
in Teaching Health," published in Hygeia, October 1927.
Teachers in other grades will find herein suggestions to make
the Program adaptable to their use.
Refer to the Bibliography frequently that material may be
secured well in advance of actual need.
In Health Education-the Report of the Joint Committee on
Health Problems in Education-there is an excellent chapter on
courses of Study in Health Education containing principles for all
grades. It is recommended that each teacher read this chapter
early in the school year.







Page 8


CORRELATIONS

Suggestions for correlating Mouth Hygiene with English, Geog-
raphy, Arithmetic, Art, Music, History and Science.

I--English.
a. Tell stories that emphasize care of the teeth, cleanliness
and proper food.
b. Compose original poems. (Health Training in Schools
p. 208).
c. Give Health Plays. (Dramatizing Child Health).
d. Compose Health Plays.
e. Write letters to an imiginary friend telling of the nee-
cesity of care of the teeth, proper food etc.; also
write of the child's understanding and impressions
of any corrections which have been done.
f. Write articles for the school newspaper or bulletin.
g. Describe and illustrate games.
h: Read biographies of men and women who have over-
come physical handicaps; of those who have discov-
ered and taught health laws. (Health Heroes, When
they were Boys (Girls) Series).
II--Geography.
a. Note food stuffs produced in the country as studied.
b. Estimate effects of climate on food production, also on
the requirements for food and clothing.
c. Estimate the effect of climate on germ life.
d. Tell how travelers may effect their own health and that
.of others by their travels.
e. Note islands and countries from which our good dairy
cows have been brought.
f. Note articles in newspapers and magazines on health
conditions in other countries and report in the class.
III.-Arithmetic;
a. Make graphs on health subjects and reports given in
text-book.
b. Make report showing days and hours lost by pupils in
the class by illness.
c- Compute the cost to the school board for pupil to repeat
a year or grade lost through illness.
d. Compare the cost of soft drinks which the pupil buys to
the cost of warm wholesome meal at school lunch.
e. Make score cards for health behavior habits, then com-
pute the percentage of performance.
IV.-Art.
Someone has said that "Art is the heart of Health Edu-
cation."








Page 9:


a. Draw pictures of foods recommended as suitable for
building sound teeth; color the pictures; write on the
drawing essential content which makes it valuabir
as food.
b. Make posters and cartoons. (Visual Education).
c. Draw original illustration for given sentence or heal-I
truth taught.
d. Make movie reel.
e. Draw picture of sound tooth; of decayed tooth.
f. Letter slogans.
V.-Music.
a. Sing health songs. (Dramatizing Child Health).
b. Compose health songs-
c. Select or compose music for verses.
VI.-History.
a. Describe American Indian food habits. (See bibliogra-
phy).
b. Describe effects of diet on the teeth of the American
Indian.
c. Read articles in encyclopedia on condition of teeth found
Sin remains of ancient people.
d- Inquire from very old people living in the community
about condition of the teeth and of dental service of
several decades ago.
VII.-Science.
a. Conduct experiments to show effects- of proper food
(fertilizer) on plant life.
b. Tell of experiments on animals showing effects of food
control (Twelve letters of Dr. Howe).
c. Conduct experiments on food control-(This suggestion
should be undertaken only by teacher who will study
conditions carefully. (See, An Animal Feeding Ex-
periment).
d. Conduct experiments to show, 1. The amount of animal
(organic) matter in teeth and bones. 2. Amount
Sof mineral (inorganic) matter in teeth and bones.
e. Teacher may exhibit manikin of jaws and teeth, also of
skeleton to the pupils. (Dentists and physicians
can be asked for loan of material).








/Page 10


MlOUTH HYGIENE PROGRAM

t Plan For One Year

september.
--Project-A Healthy Body. (Early chapters in state adopted
etext-book on hygiene)-
f1-iObjectives:
\ Good Teeth-
Good Health.
III.-Activities.
1. Dental inspection is advisable when corrections can be
arranged for through school or family dentist.
2. Assembly lecture by a local dentist. Have pupils write
a report on facts gained.
3. Auditorium exercises. 15 slides accompanied by short
talk. The Brownie Story. (See Bibliography).
4. Plays. (See Bibliography).
The Good Health Elves.
On Board the S. S. Health.
5. Health Stories. (See Bibliography).
6. Games. Write directions for playing games. Play
games described.
7. Children to make Health Poster Alphabet.
IV.-References. (See Bibliography).
1. Dramatizing Child Health. (Hallock).
2- Dramatics for Health Teaching. (Wedgewood)-
3. Health Trainisg in Schools. (Dansdill).
4. Health Hero Series. (Heath & Co., Owen & Co.)
5. Joint Report Health Education (Chapters on Nutrition
and Health, Mouth Hygiene).
6. Teaching Health in Fargo. (Brown).
7. Read articles in Hygela and American Dental Journal-
can be found in offices of local dentists and physi-
cians.
8. See "Courses of Study," Health Education-Joint Re-
port.
October and November.
I.-Project- A Healthy Mouth. (Hygiene Text-book).
II.-Objective. Promotion of Mouth Hygiene.
III.-Activities.
1. Visit the dentist for examination and correction of de-
fects.








Page 11


2. Instruction in use of brush and home care of teeth and
mouth. (See Brushing method).
3. Class-room chart to record daily brushing of teeth.
4. Teach younger brothers and sisters how to brush the
teeth.
5. Plays. (See Bibliography).
6. Observe other people's teeth.
7. Write letters to an imaginary cousin or friend telling
the value of using the toothbrush corrertly.
8. Ask children who have had dental corrections done tr
write a letter to an imaginary cousin telling of thb
corrections, also their impressions formed from tie
experience. (Havetthe child use a fictitious nane
for the dentist. If there is a dental society in tie
locality turn the letters over to the dentists).
9. Magazine quiz. Study advertisements in magazine/'to
determine, if possible, what is reliable and whbt is
misleading.
10. Cut out pictures from advertisements for note books
and other handwork.

IV.-References.
1. Health Training in Schools. (Chap. II, Stories).
2. Dramatizing Child Health. (Reference to Indan life).
3. Your Teeth. (Stoloff).
4. Health Education-Joint Report.
5. School Health Study, of Newton, Mass. (Metropolitan
Ins. Co.)

December and January.
I.-Project. Foods. (State textbook of hygiene).
II-Objectives.
a. Selection of foods for teeth building.
b. Classify foods into groups, as cerials, etc.

III.-Activities.
1. Plan a breakfast, a lunch, a dinner for a growing child.
2. Perform tests to show composition of tooth (bone) by
(a) acid test; (b) burning test.
3. Slides with lantern. (See Bibliography). Nutritional
series of 20 with written explanation.
4. Make food posters. Encourage original drawings and
slogans.
5. Plays. (Dramatizing Child Health).
6. Study "Protective Foods." (Dr. Howe Twelve Letters,
Chap. C. Joint Report).
7. Observe animals to note if they eat again as soon after
a hearty meal as ofter a light meal.








Page 12


8. Observe during the holidays, when sweets are usually
abundant, if eating of sweets dulls the appetite for
usual foods.
9. Encourage children to eat raw fruits and vegetables, of
the "protective" class, especially during the "holi-
days."
IV-References.
1. How Keep Well Leaflet. (Life Ext. Inst.)
2. Dramatizing Child Health. (Hallock).
3. Doctor Percy Howe's Twelve Letters.
4. Health Education-Joint Report.
5. Food, Nutrition and Health. (Chapters XIV, XVII,
XXI).
6. Feed Your Teeth. (Good Housekeeping, April, 1930.)
S 7. Give Your Teeth a Chance. (Woman's Home Com-
panion, July, 1930).
i. Teaching Health in Fargo. (Brown).
9., Rise and Fall of Mouth Hygiene in Bridgeport. (For
rhymes).
10. Rainbow Rhymes. (Nat. Child Welf. Assn.)
11. .,,Values and Methods in Health Education. (Cobb).
February-March.
I.-Project.
(a.) Digestion. (State Textbook of Hygiene).
(b) ,Internal Cleanliness.
Il.-Objecive ,
,To learn something of how the teeth and saliva art on
food to prepare it to be acted on by other digestive
..fluids.
III.-Activities.
1. Draw picture of (a) sound tooth; (b) decayed tooth.
2. Provide some hard food substance or raw vegetable for
-the pupils to 'chev a mouthful to observe that con-
tinued chewing to a certain point develops the true
flavor of the food and (b) that insalivation prepares
for swallowing and digestion,
3. Study foods which aid internal'cleanliness.
4. Explain ways in which a decayed tooth may interfere
with chewing of food and with digestion.
5- Plays.
(a)-The Trial of Jimmie Germ.
(b)-The Goblins Will Get You- (See Bibliography).
IV.-References.
1. Food, Nutrition and Health. (Chapters XI, XVI, XXI).
2. Health Education-Joint Report. (Chapter IV, Sec. C-D).








Page 13


3. Hygiene. (Meredith).
4. Personal Hygiene. (Williams).
5. Your Teeth. (Stoloff).
6. Teaching Health in Fargo. (Brown).
7. Teeth and Health. (Dublin and Hyatt, Harper's Mag-
zine, May, 1929).
8. See Bibliography for other references.
April-May-Vacation.
I.-Project.
Special Habits.
II.-Objectives.
(a) To establish correct habits of mouth care-
(b) To promote correct habits of eating and drinking.
(c) To promote correct habits of exercise, rest, bathing,
etc.
III--Activities.
1. Dental inspection by dentist. By hygienist, school
nurse or physician, if dentist not available.
2. Encourage dental corrections to be done.
3. Make classroom health habits score card; have children
make daily entries.
4. Make classroom movie reel.
5. Have debate on benefits derived from ob-erxing health
habits vs. not observing them.
6. Encourage children to bring raw vegetables and fruits
to eat at recess instead of other foods and note
physical and digestive reaction.
7. Encourage children' to rinse mouth with water immedi-
ately after eating any food at school, to remove food
particles from the teeth. (Thiswater is to be swal-
lowed).
8. Sleep not less than nine hours.
IV.-References.
1. Our Health Habits. (Whitcomb-Beveridge).
2. Teaching How to Get and- Use Human Energy. (Wood
and Lerrigo).
3. Food, Nuticion and Health. (Chapters XV, XX, XXI).
4. Health Education-Joint Report. (Chapter IV, Sec. C-D)
5- Hygiene. (Meredith).
6. Rise and Fall of Oral Hygiene in Bridgeport. (Chapters
sixth, seventh, eighth) (Clapp).








Page 14




Miscellaneous Suggestions
File or A wide-awake teacher sees much material in magazines
binder etc., which she would like later to use. A conven-
ient file in which to save such material, classified,
can be made from book-paper or any material of
suitable weight; any color scheme may be selected.
Cut the material into sheets large enough so that when
folded once the folder will take typewriter paper,
magazine pages, etc.
Titles may be lettered on the front.
A supply of paper clips and a bottle of mucilage will
be found convenient to atttach small clippings to
larger sheets of paper for permanent filing.
Tooth- For children who cannot afford a better brush, a very
brushes serviceable toothbrush can be bought from the
Takamin Corporation, Long Island' City, N. Y., at
about $5.95 a gross.
Movie- Most teachers are familiar with the "movie-reel" as an
reel aid in visual instruction in a Mouth Hygiene Pro-
gram. The following suggestions may be found
helpful.
The teacher may find the reel useful to;
(a) Provide a motive for activities on the part of
pupils, to;
(1) acquire information ori mouth hy-
giene.
(2) impart the information gained.
S(b) Impress and review truths taught.
(c) Enable pupils to entertain another class or
assembly.
(d) Enable pupils to entertain visiting patrons.
The class as a whole may select the general subject and
title of the reel to be made; also the sub-titles.
The teacher assigns the sub-titles or subjects to specific
groups of pupils who shall be responsible for the
collecting and assembling of the material to be
used.
The explanation of each sub-title shall be given by the
group responsible for its preparation and to be
given in the language of the pupils.
Encourage original drawings, slogans and rhymes.
Materials can be secured from Hygeia and other maga-
zines, food advertisements and packages, text-
books and leaflets, as given in Bibliography.
For display the pictures and other material may be
mounted on sheets of paper uniform in size or
attached to a long strip of muslin or paper.








Page 15


The cloth or paper "film" may be attached to rollers
made by the pupils, and an operator turn bringing
the illustrations into view as explanation is given.

HOME CARE OF THE TEETH AND MOUTH
Many people care for the teeth and mouth at home in an in-
different and haphazard manner, giving but little attention to the
results obtained. Everyone should ask himself the question, just
why do I use this particular method of brushing my teeth and care
for my mouth and do I accomplish all that I want to do in all the
mouth?
To keep the teeth and mouth in a healthy condition requires
study and thought and time.

Pur- (a) To cleanse the teeth that they mily feel better and
poses of look better.
home care (b) To help prevent decay of the teeth.
(c) To help prevent disease of the gums by stimula-
tion of the circulation of the blood thru massage.
When to The last thing before lying down to sleep.
brush On arising.
After each meal. If this cannot possibly be done
then it is good practice to flush the particles of
food from between the teeth with a mouthful or
two of water immediately after eating. As the
food is clean it may all be swallowed.

Type of Most dental authorities prescribe a relatively small
Brush brush having fairly long stiff bristles, arranged in
twelve tufts; two rows wide and six long. The
tufts arranged far enough apart to facilitate their
cleansing after use and drying between times of
use.
The ends of the bristles present a straight line from
the end of the brush toward the handle, but the
tufts are so trimmed as to resemble the teeth of a
saw.
Handle to be rigid or nearly so-

Care of It is recommended that more than one brush be owned
brush and used alternately. They are more effective and
last longer to be used dry.
Wash carefully under the tap after using, then hang
to dry in the sun if possible.
Some prefer to dip the bristles in table salt and leave
till next using, but this should be done only when
air will thoroughly dry the salt.
Get new brushes before too badly worn.








Page 16


Procedure Dental authorities give preference to two types or
of methods of brush manipulations; (a) the wedging
Brushing or Charter's (b) the sweeping. (Children, while the
deciduous teeth are loosening owing to the
erupting of the permanent teeth, may find some
difficulty to use the wedging method of brushing,
but it may be adopted when the permanent teeth
are in place.)
Sweeping It is a good habit to start at the same place in the
method mouth each time the teeth are brushed.
In this description we will start with the cheek surfaces
of the upper right molars and continue around in
successive steps to the cheek surfaces of the upper
left molars.
Next, brush the tongue surfaces of the upper molars
and continue around on the tongue surfaces of the
teeth to the last molar of the upper right side.
Follow the same procedure for the teeth in the lower
jaw.
Brush Upper teeth.
manipula- Hold the brush in the right hand, apply a small quanti-
tions ty of dentifrice; hold the cheek away from the
teeth slightly with the back of the brush, rotate
the brush outward and upward so that the ends of
the bristles point upward and reach high up to
where the cheek joins the gums; hold the sides of
the bristles pressing flat against the gums. With
a firm pressure against the gums and a sweeping
motion bring the brush straight downward (Do not
rotate the brush). Repeat several times before
passing to the next area.
Lower teeth.
Hold the cheek away from the teeth, slightly, with the
back of the brush, rotate the brush outward and
downward so that the ends of the bristles point
.downward and reach far down to where the cheek
joins the gums; hold the sides of the bristles press-
ing flat against the gums. With a firm pressure
against the gums and a sweeping motion bring the
brush straight upward. (Do not rotate the brush.)
Repeat the movement several times before pass-
ing to the next area.
Brush the upper teeth downward with a sweeping move-
ment.
Brush the lower teeth upward with a sweeping move-
ment.
These movements produce the best results when made
slowly and with the mouth partially closed.
The grinding surfaces of the teeth are brushed by hold-
ing the ends of the bristles against these surfaces
and vibrating the handle, thus working the bristle
ends down into the crevices.









Page 17


Charter's Charter's method so called, after man who first sug-
or gested it.
Wedging Place a small quantity of tooth paste on a dry brush.
Method Use a small amount of paste and add more as
needed.
We will begin on the lip side of the lower front teeth.
Position The brush is held so that the ends of the bristles point
or are directed into the spaces between the teeth;
the bristles pointing straight in or slightly in the
direction from the gums to the cutting edge of the
teeth.
Manipula- Firmly force the ends of the bristles into the space be-
tion or tween the teeth enough to almost tightly wedge
brush them; release the'pressure and slightly withdraw
motions the bristles from the space, but not entirely out of
contact with the teeth.. Force the ends of the bris-
tles again back into the spaces between the teeth,
tightly as at first; release the pressure and partily
withdraw but not out of contact with the teeth.
Repeat the movement six times.
Firmly hold the ends of the bristles wedged into the
spaces between the teeth, and vibrate, wiggle or
"shimmy" the handle six or more times.
Pass the brush about two 'or three teeth to the left,
firmly force the ends of the bristles into those spac-
ers between the teeth and repeat as above.
Continue around the left side until all the teeth are
cared for on the lip and cheek sides.
With the flat side of the bristles pat the gum back of
the last tooth six or more times.
Grinding Place the brush so that the ends of the bristles point
or into the grooves or sulci of the grinding surfaces;
chewing hold firmly against the tooth, vibrate, wiggle or
surfaces "shimmy" the handle six or more times.
Place the brush on the surfaces of the teeth not reached
in the last position and repeat.
Tongue or With the flat side of the bristles pat the gum back of
Lingual the last tooth six or more times.
surface Into the space between the two last teeth firmly force
the tufts of the end of the brush (because of the
position and space only a few bristles can be used
on the tongue side of the molars at any given
place); release the pressure and withdraw the bris-
tles from the space but not entirely out of contact
with the teeth; force back into the space again and
repeat six or more times; while holding the ends of
the bristles firmly, vibrate, wiggle or "shimmy"
the handle six or more times.
Pass the brush to the next space toward the front and
repeat.









Page 18


Keep in mind at all times: How far can the bristles be
forced into the spaces between the teeth.
For each place on the tongue side of the teeth it is
necessary to study the position and direction of the
handle to direct the bristles to best advantage in-
to the spaces between the teeth.
Pass the brush into the spaces forward and continue
around a space or two at a time to complete the
tongue side of the teeth to the last molar on the
right side of the mouth.
With the flat side of the bristles pat the gum back of
the last molar six or more times.
The grinding or chewing surfaces of the molars on the
right side are cleansed as were those on the left
side.
Then the cheek side of the back teeth, continue around
to the starting place.
The upper teeth are done in the same manner, directing
the ends of the bristles directly into the spaces be-
tween the teeth, the bristles pointing slightly in
the direction from the gums to the ends of the
teeth.

Cautions The ends of the bristles should not prick or pierce the
gums to cause pain. If they do the position is not
correct.
Never use the brush back and forth as using a shoe
brush to clean the shoes.
While the description may seem long and complicated,
yet a little intelligent thought will enable one to
accomplish the results satisfactorily and in a few
minutes.
It is a good habit to use both wedging and sweeping
methods of brush manipulations. 'True, it will re-
quire a little time and study to learn them but
when once learned they require not more than
three minutes.
Aids A good dentifrice is an aid to remove the stains and
soft accumulations from the teeth.
Dentifrices There is no "BEST" dentifrice, but one or more kinds
may give better results than others in a given
mouth.
It is doubtful if a dentifrice can contain enough drugs
to be considered as a "cure" for any disease con-
dition, therefore a dentifrice should be considered
only as an aid to the cleansing process- (All cases
of disease or special conditions require the services
of a competent dentist).
Table salt and chemically pure'sodium bicarbonate
(can be obtained at any drug store) mixed together
about equal parts is an aid to cleanse the mouth.









Page 19


May be used several times a week, alternating with
the other dentifrice.
Floss or A very valuable aid to cleanse the sides of the teeth
tape which touch together is a waxed floss silk, either
narrow or wide.
Use especially at night just before brushing the teeth;
some of the tooth paste may be smeared on the
teeth occasionally as the floss is being used.
Use the floss after meals if possible, instead of tooth
picks.
Draw the floss gently into position and do not let it
snap down hard on to the gums.
Mouth The public is too prone to expect a small bottle of some
Wash pleasantly flavored lotion to offset the harm which
their neglect of the mouth causes.
A mouth-wash may be helpful in the mouth toilet but
cannot take the place of brushing, taping and mas-
saging.
Normal salt solution makes a good mouth-wash; it may
be made by dissolving a level teaspoon of table
salt in the ordinary glass of water.
Any condition which seems to make a mouth-wash
necessary should be diagnosed by a competent
dentist.
School The chief aim of the school toothbrush drill is to in-
Tooth- culcate good health habits; that is sufficient reason,
brush but
Drills The individual needs to study methods and means for
his own mouth that he may effectively cleanse the
teeth and massage the gums. That one simply
may say he has gone through the motions is not
enough, the results are what count.











SReferences for Teachers.
BIBLIOGRAPHY Prices Given In All Instances Possible

Author Title Publisher Price
Andress, J. Mace & Bragg,
Mabel C., ---..------.. --.------... ..... Suggestions for a Program of Health coin
STeaching in the Elementary Schools ..Supt. of Documents ..--..- $ .10
Brackett, Charles A., .........-.....------.... Care of the Teeth -----...---_.._. ---------- ..Harvard Univ. Press -.......-..
Brown, Maud A., .....------------.. --... Teaching Health in Fargo. (Practical
and written after five years of dem- coin
onstration) ..---------- ---............ ..Commonwealth Fund ...-----.. 1.50
Clapp, George W., ..-..----.......-----.. Rise and Fall of Mouth Hygiene in
Bridgeport ..-.......------_...--.....---. --......Dental Digest _.._.. ____ .25
Clark, .....----- -...-------------Study of Courses in Health Education.. Supt. of Documents .......----- 10
Values and Methods in Health Educa-
Cobb, Walter F., .--------..... ------.tion ...---.---------..-......-----...-......... --Rowe, Peterson .-..._.._--........- 2.00
Collier, Mrs. John _.......A ....... ... A Program for Health Work in San
Francisco --- .......... ----. American Child Health Assn.
Dansdill, Theresa .....-----_.......--.......... Health Training in Schools ..-...__.-..... Florida Public Health Assn... 1.00
Davies, E. S., ....-.. ...._.. _... Food Consumption of Rural School
Children in Relation to Their
Health. (Bulletin No. 241)........ .Massachusetts Agriculture
Exper. Sta. --..-....._.......-
Ferguson, ....-----------.. -------...-.----Child's Book of the Teeth --...-_.....-- World Book Co. -.._ ... -....
Fones, Alfred C., -.....- -----_-.. ...... Mouth Hygiene --.. ---------..~..-..-...-.....W. B. Sounders Co. ...........-
Franzen, Raymond, .---.............------- Public Health Aspect of Dental Decay .-American Child Health Assn... 1.50
Gillett, -___ ------..._... _.. --.-...---... Food Primer for the Home .---......
Hallock, Grace T., ._-. --.. -_.._.... .... Dramatizing Child Health _- --. American Child Health Assn.
Hartman. Lerov. .............-----------. The Teeth and the Mouth D. Annleton Co. 1 00




Howe, Dr. Percy R., ..--...........--- .. --Your Child's Teeth. (Excellent for
expectant mothers and growing
children). ..... -----.......... ...._--...... -U. S. Dept. of Labor Folder +12 Free
Howe, Dr. Percy R., .....--.-.... --.-----Twelve Letters of Dr. Howe -------............. Dental Digest ...-.....-----..---.. .25
coin
Joint-Committee of N. E. A. and
American Medical Assn., ....---------Health Education. Report of Health
Problems in Education. (Just off
the press and filled with the recent
findings of research; methods; ma-
terial and presented in an attrac-
tive, readable form. Every school
library should have a copy)....--....-...- National Education Assn.
cloth, ---...----.....-..-...------ -.. 1.75
paper, -..-..-........-... ---...-.... --.. 1.25

Lerrigo, Marion 0., -........-- .... -- --Dental Educational Material from
Point of View and Presentation -...... Amer. Child Health Assn.
(Reprint) --.....-.... .....-------- 60
Meredith, Florence L., ..........-... Hygiene. (One of the best general
hygiene books). -.......-..-....--...... ..- P. Blakiston & Son --.._........
Merrill-Palmer School, -.....-...--. --.. Outline for the Teaching of Home
Making ..--...-...........-.......... ----..- .-- Merrill-Palmer School --..------ .25
McCollum and Simonds, .--__-__.- Food, Nutrition and Health -..--...-..----- Lord Baltimore Press ----~.-..... 1.50
McCollum, -.--.. --......-..---..-...-. ... .------. Newer Knowledge of Nutrition -..--....- MacMillan Co. -.--...-------.._....-.... 4.25
McCormick, M. G., -..-....-........--- ..... Suggested Lessons in Grades VII and
VIII. (Actually carried out in
schools) --..------..-----..___ --_---...... ........ The Univ. of the State of New
York ..........-----------..










BIBLIOGRAPHY
References for Teachers-Continued.

Author Title Publisher Price
Nutrition Bibliography, ___-......Classified list of important publica-
tions on Nutrition and source ma-
terials .---- ......American Red Cross ....---.--
O'Shea, M. V.,--_ ....-. ------------...The Child, His Nature and His Needs .-Children's Foundation -..-..... 1.00
Patterson, .------------ ------- ---.---Health Education Series
Volume on Teeth ....... ..------ McKnight & McKnight ....- -
Payne, _--_-----------.--------.......- .We and Our Health
Volume on Teeth ..---_-......---------.. Amer. Viewpoint Society -._.-.
Peter, L. H., __.-- __..__._------- --.. Diet for Children ... ---.--------Bobbs, Merrill Co. .------
Roberts, L. J., ------- ---F--- Food Models. (Life size for cut out
and coloring) ... ---.-.... --... --.. Univ. of Chicago Press _-..-- .75
Rogers, James F., --_..--------.. _-.._.---Better Teeth (Bulletin No. 20) --.. ...... Supt. of Documents ..--------. .05
coin
Rose, Mary Swartz, -_...-- --... -- Feeding the Family .__--___..-....- .... MacMillan Co. _._._..-_
Rose, Hessler,
Steibeling & Taylor, .__ .---- Visualizing Food Values. (A Graphic
method of teaching place of differ-
ent foods in the diet.) ...... -----.. Journal of Home Economics,
Vol. 20 p. 781, 1928 ...----
Rose, M. S. & Knowlton, Helen, -....Nutrition in Elementary Schools (A
study of nutrition teaching adapted
to grade levels.) .-----....-----...............---Bureau of Publications, Teach-
ers College, Columbia Uni-
versity, (Bulletin) ...-- -----. .30




Rose, M. S., ..........-------------.---- A Study of Nutrition Teaching in
Grades V and VI. .. .......-----------.. Bureau of Publications, Teach-
ers College, Columbia Uni-
versity, (Bulletin) ......----
Smiley, Dean and Gould, Adrian J,, -._College Text-Book of Hygiene ... ...-- MacMillan Co. ..--..... ------....
Spencer, Gene, ---...-........-..-. ..--------... An Animal Feeding Experiment,
Showing the Effect of Deficiency
Diet on Growth. (Contains details
of procedure.) .......--------..----.--. Nutrition Health Education
Bureau, Univ. of Texas,
Austin, Tex ....--------.. ----- .25
Unit Course of Study in Nutrition for
Rural Schools. (Detailed plan
for grades I to VIII, with illustra-
tive material, activities etc.) ..------. American Red Cross .........-
Stoloff, Charles I., ...._.---.--. -------.. Your Teeth. (Question and Answer
method very good.) ... __.---------------E. P. Dutton & Co. .....------. 2.50
Terman, Lewis M., ..-......----------.....-The Hygiene of the School Child _-..-.. Houghton, Mifflin Co. .---__
Varona, Doris Anna, __ .__.._. ----------Visual Instruction in Public Schools ...Ginn & Co. .._....- ....------------.. 2.28
Whitcomb-Beveridge ..----.......--.-----Our Health Habits ._. --- .......-Rand, McNally Co. .----......
Wheeler, Ruth, .-......... -.......... --------Diet for the School Child .....------... .......Supt. of Documents ......-------- .05
coin
Williams, Jessie F., ._ _._ .....-- -------. Personal Hygiene ---....----........ ..-----------W. B. Saunders Co. _------ 2.00
Wood, Thomas D., and Lerrigo, M.,.-Teaching How to Get and Use Human
Energy .-----...------.....-.---.. Public School Publishing Co. .75
Wooten, ......--------.-....------- A Health Education Pdocedure, (Ex-
cellent in Methods and Correlations;
Materials) -------.... --..........._-- --... National Tuberculosis Assn..- 1.00
Health in Play -----. --...-....................American Child Health Assn._.._
Turner, C. E., .....--...--.....--------..-... Health Heroes _. .. -.................... -D. C. Heath Co. ..--....--..











BIBLIOGRAPHY
Special Articles.

Author Title Publisher Price
Various, -____-___ ... .____._.......... Dental Healtn Education _- Can be seen in the offices of
Section of American Dental Journal.-- most ethical dentists. -... -_
Dublin & Hyatt, ------------- Teeth and Health _---.....----- -------... Harpers Magazine, May, 1929.
Eddy, Dr. Walter H., .- _._._..__.... Feed Your Teeth ..--------.. --. ------...-- Good Housekeeping Magazine,
April, 1930. -------------....
Owre, Dr. Alfred, ---------------.. Give Your Teeth a Chance ----- -----Woman's Home Companion,
July 1930. -_ ..... ---


Sutton, Dr. Willis A., .


._....------ Reprint of Address on Mouth Hygiene
Program in Atlanta Schools ----_.._..


coin
.Supt. of Schools, Atlanta, Ga. .25


BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR PUPILS.
Books, Periodicals, etc., for use and reference


Title


Andress, J. M., ------- --- Boys and Girls of Wake-up Town ....
Andress, J. M., .........------... ----- Journey to Health Land ___. _-----
Andress & Brown, .....-....--.-------.--Science and Way to Health ..--_..----..
Brooks, E. S., ---......--. ---... -------. The American Indian ---------._
Cobb, ... ----.....--------- Chalk Talks on Health and Safety --.
Griffiths, ---......----------Just Ten Minutes --------- --
Healthyland -- ....... -- ----.
Jones, _- .. ..- ---------- ..- Keep Well Stories for Little Folks._
.Lummis & Schawe, -...-----.-----.... Building My House of Health __.--..


Ginn & Co. -........-------------.. .76
Ginn & Co. ......--......------- .72
Ginn & Co. ----........._.... -_
Lathrop, Lee & Sheppard -..__
MacMillan Co. -- -
-Smith, Hammond Co. .__.- -_ .64
-American Medical Association 1.50
J. B. Lippincott ....------- 1.00
World Book Co. ----___ 8


Author


Publisher


Price





Lummis & Schawe .- .......--------- The Road of Health to Grown-Up
Town .....---------- ------.....--.-World Book Co. -----..---..-.. -- .70
Moulton, ----- --....... -...... The Brownie's Health Book ---....-........ Little, Brown & Co. --......-- .75
National Child Welfare Assn, .........Rain-bow Rhymes .._-__..... --_.... -.
Parkman, Mary, ------.......-......---- Heroes of Today ----..-..-..........----....... Century Co. ----..-....._..... --- 2.00
Peterson, ......--------.. ....--------Cho-Cho Rhymes --..--.......-..-.---.-----.. American Child Health Assn.. .20
Turner & Collins, ..-.............------.Health ---...---_....._...... ~...--........._ D. C. Heath Co. .-............----- .80
Turner & Hallock, ..-.....-------.....--The Journey of Growing Up .--.....----- D. C. Heath Co. --........---... .76
Turner & Hallock, --.. ...-...----.-----.Health Heroes, Series ..D. C. Heath Co ........-..----... 1.12
Unknown ....- ---- .When They Were Boys, Series
Unknown ---------...... -----------.- When They Were Girls. Series ..---...-. T. A. Owen Co. ................
Verrill, A. Hyatt, .--....----......-----...The American Indian --------......... D. Appleton Co. ....------__ .-. 3.50
The Parents Puibli.h'rni Co., Inc., New
York, N. Y, .-....-.............-----.... .. Children, ... -------- ............
American Institute of Child Health ...Child Life, ..--.------.------.. ----Monthly .------- -.. 3.00
American Medical Assn ---.... -.... ------Hygeia, .....--.-----............... .. Monthly --....~.-..-.~...-..---------. 3.00









BIBLIOGRAPHY
MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS.
Inexpensive Rentals, Etc.
Write for catalog and price list of material on Mouth Hygiene and Health


American Child Health Association
Poster suggestions, "Seeing Is Believing." .--.....-
Bureau of Dental Health Education _-......... .....-...

Bureau of Education ..-__-. ._......--. -----
Bureau of Home Economics ..--........... ------.-..... --..
Dramatics for Health Teaching, (Bulletin No. 13)
Harriet Wedgewood, --...... ---...-..-.---...-

Educational Exhibition Co., ...............
Elizabeth McCormick Memorial Fund ...-.......
Extension Library Service _. ..... ... -
Health Poster Patterns-Series of 12,
Cleaveland, Bess Bruce _- --_._-_-___.-_.-_.---
Happy Hour Folio (100 posters to color) --_
Ideal School Supply Co., --...--..... .-. __...-.
Latta, J. S., Inc., ........--.. --------................
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co.,
(Complete list) ....----- -------
Mitchell, A. C., __.... ...--------------------
National Dairy Council, __....------...--......
Slides, films etc., to rent.
Address for information:


coin
.--.-370 Seventh Ave., New York, N. Y .........----- -- --- --- $ .12
..----American Dental Association, 58 E. Washington
St., Chicago, Ill .......-----.....--------..----..---------.....
---.. Department of Interior, Washington, D. C ..-___.. --
.._.-Washington, D. C. -.__ __-..__._._...............

-..- Supt. of Documents, coin
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.. .05
-... 26 Custom St., Providence, R. I ... -----............_-
--.. 848 N. Dearborn St., Chicago, Ill. ..... -------.......
..-- Extension Division, Univ. of Florida .-.......------
_.._T. Owen Publishing Co., Dannsville, N. Y. ..-..-- .80
Milton, Brady Co., 120 Boylston St., Boston, Mass --. .25
--..Chicago, Ill. ..........................
...--1790 Madison Ave., Memphis, Tenn. _-............____
...-- 1 Madison Ave., New York City, N. Y. ...--- ---- 25c coin
.--.. 1809 Nueces St., Austin, Texas -..--.---._.. ---.-__---
---- 910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, Ill .--------- ----
Bordman Milk Co., 108 Hudson St., New York, N. Y._
Carnation Milk Co., Seattle, Washington, --..-.......
Liby, McNeal and Libby, Chicago, Ill .I -_ -__.___ __.






BIBLIOGRAPHY
Organizations That Will Furnish Free and Inexpensive Material.

American Child Health Association (complete list for 25c and worth it)-.........370 Seventh Ave., New York City
American Public Health Association --------------.-------......--...-......-- --....--. 370 Seventh Ave., New York City
American Red Cross ..--_------------ ----.-- ------------ ------.--. -----.........-...--..---Washington, D. C.
Cream of Wheat Corporation ----------------------------------- ...-- ---...--.... ..... ......... Minneapolis, Minn.
Florida Public Health Association --..... ---.. -- ---...._ .-----...4-.. __.._. 4 E. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
General Extension Division of University of Florida (Health Slides, Reels, Posters, etc.) .._- Gainesville, Fla.
Life Extension Institute .---.--_.. ----........ --.---.--. ----- ---.......- ...........-..... 25 W. 42nd St., New York City
John Hancock Life Insurance Co.
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. (Have much material and may be slight cost for list) 1 Madison Ave., N. Y. City
National Child Welfare Association .-----------. ----.------............-..............70 Fifth Ave., New York City
National Dairy Council ..- -----..-......-.._... ...-.---... -...Battle Creek, Michigan
Postum Cereal Co. _--...-------._......--....-__ ..__ ----.Battle Creek, Michigan
Quaker Oats Co., -...-..- ..--..----.....-----. -....... .------------ .---- Chicago, Ill.
Russell Miller Milling Co. -.-- --------------------....-------......------------.----... Minneapolis, Minn.
State Department of Education, Division of Physical and Health Education ..---....... .. -- Tallahassee, Fla.
State Board of Health __ --....... --...... ...-- ---------- ---- --. -... --..---.... Jacksonville, Fla.
U. S. Children's Bureau, Department of Labor .-----_.. ---_---- -___--------- ------- ......-------- Washington, D. C.
U. S. Public Health Service, Treasury Department .....-------..........-........... ... Washington, D. C.








DIRECTORY OF PUBLISHERS


American Child Health Association ..-----...._...-------...
American Dental Association --------------..... .
American Institute of Child Health -......... .-----------...-.
American Medical Association -.._........ -------------
American Red Cross -------------............. -....--- ----
American Viewpoint Society -..-..----------... .....---
Appleton, D. & Co. .--...-....._.....-..--------------
Borden Milk Co. ... ------------------......... .......--
Carnation Milk Co. -...-.............. -------------
Century Co. .----~~....------------------. .. ..
Children's Foundation ----------
Columbia University, Bureau of Publications, Teachers Col
Commonwealth Fund, Div. of Publications ...-- ..----------
Dental Digest .. ----------~... ..--------
Florida Public Health Assn. .-_-------__-..... ....-----
Ginn and Co. ..............------------
Hancock, John, Life Insurance Co., ........ ----------.._.
Harvard University Press, Harvard University -...-.....---.
Heath, D. C., and Co. .-........... .. ---------- ---
Kellogg Company .. -..- .-------
Lathrop, Lee & Shepherd -----_.. __.--...... ------------..
Libby, McNeal & Libby Co. _..........- ....-------- -----
Life Extension Institute --..--- ._--_ ----. .. -- .---..
Lippincott, J. B., & Co. --..--... --....--_.... -.- --_


..........--------.... 370 Seventh Avenue, New York City
--........... ....--------58 E. Washington St., Chicago, Ill.
........--------.... _.. 1904 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa.
...------..-..-.-...... -.. 535 N. Dearborn St., Chicago, Ill.
.....-------. .. --..... Washington, D. C.
......--------...... 14 Astor Place, New York City, N. Y.
......------....... --. 35 W. 32nd St., New York, N. Y.
......... ----------...... 108 Hudson St., New York, N. Y.
- -.--------- Seattle, Washington
------..... ----New York, N. Y.
.----...-............ ----- .----. Valparaiso, Ind.
lege .....--------------. ---_. New York City, N. Y.
----..-.-... --- 578 Madison Ave., New York City, N, Y.
.-..... --------.-... 220 W. 42nd St., New York City, N. Y.
---------- 4 E. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
------- -- -- 165 Luckie St., Atlanta, Ga.

--------- -... ..._ Cambridge, Mass.
S .. ------ 50 Beacon St., Boston, Mass.
.. ------------ Battle Creek, Mich.
.-..-....---------.._..__.. 675 Congress St., Boston, Mass.
.---- .. ....---------- CChicago, Ill.
.--...__-..-.__- .. 25 W. 42nd St., New York City, N. Y.
--___.__..... -----Washington Sq., Philadelphia, Pa.





Little, Brown & Co. .... .......- .........._.....
Lord Baltimore Press .--.._...---- -_-- --------.
M .Mekl, Ian Co. ------------ .. .......
Merrill-Palmer School ..............---.. ....... ...
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. ..___...--.... ..
McKnKn;i; & McKnight _.. ...........-..... .... .....
National Child Welfare Association ............-
National Education Association -.- ......-... --
National Health Council ___ ---...-... ....... .... -
National Tuberculosis Association -..--...
Owen, F. A., & Co. ..._.....-- ...............
Public School Publishing Co. ................
Quaker Oats Co. -..-..._..--__ .. .... ....... ....
Rand, McNa:lly & Co....------- -----..... .... --
Row-Peterson & Co. ---..-.. .........--.....
Saunders, W. B., Co. ....--- ............ ...
Smith, Hammond Co. .................
Superintendent of Documents _--.-----..._-...-......
Tuller, MIrvditli Company -..-......


......-------.......... ........~..- .....- 29 Beacon St., Boston, Mass.
-............ ... ....-------- --- ......East End Station, P.altimi.ore. Md.
....-------...-.........--....------ Spring St. and Baltimore Place, Atlanta, Ga.
-------- -..-...-. -----.......... Detroit, Mich.
--..--. ..........................1 _M I-i;,, n Ave., New York City, N. Y.
-- --------------.----- --..---.--..--..---.. ......... Bl.,l t Ill.
-.-... ..----------.... ------.--..-----... 70 Fifth Ave., New York City, N. Y.
---.................----------.-------.1201 16th St., N. W., Washington, D. C.
-...----........--.. --...........370 Seventh Ave., New York, N. Y.
-..--.....................-. ..- ---- 370 Seventh Ave., New York City, N. Y.
.........- -------....-..... ............. -- ---.........-...- ...._ Dansville, N. Y.
-----.- ----- ----.. -.-. ..... ...------------------- ....._ Bloomington, Ill.
.-- .-......... ---..... ....... ....- 80 E. Jackson St., Chicago, Ill.
------...------... --.... -....-....--------...---.- 536 S. Clark St., Chicago, Ill.
------.-------.- ---------..--.--.--... ----------............. Chicago, Ill.
S---------- -----.- .-- Philadelphia, Pa.
....-..---------..-.. ---............. Atlanta, Ga.
--.......-............. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.


University of Florida, General Ext.en iu n Division -- ..------...-....----......---... Gainesville, F I..
University of Chicago ..--------.-------___.. _-.......-------------- ...--... ----... .-----. Chicago, Ill.
University of the State of New York .._ ... .. -. _....._.. .... .... .........................-... Albany, N. Y.
W.:.rld Book Co. _......_.....------.-.. ___ ___ ... ............_... 424 W. Peachtree St., Atlanta, Ga.
























































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