Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 From Her Birth to Her Ninth...
 From her Ninth To Her Fifteenth...
 The Las Year Of Her Life
 Back Matter
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Group Title: Emilia Geddie : a child of the Covenant who died in 1681 : an example alike to young and old : republished with notes from the earlier editions
Title: Emilia Geddie
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00025347/00001
 Material Information
Title: Emilia Geddie a child of the Covenant who died in 1681 : an example alike to young and old : republished with notes from the earlier editions
Alternate Title: Life of Emilia Geddie
Physical Description: 81 p., 1 leaf of plates : col. ill. ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Bonar, Andrew A ( Andrew Alexander ), 1810-1892
Charles Glass & Co ( Publisher )
Houlston and Wright ( Publisher )
Publisher: Charles Glass & Co. London :
Houlson and Wright
Place of Publication: Glasgow
Publication Date: [1871?]
Subject: Christian life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Salvation -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Young women -- Death -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Faith -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Biographies -- 1871   ( rbgenr )
Prize books (Provenance) -- 1871   ( rbprov )
Bldn -- 1871
Genre: Biographies   ( rbgenr )
Prize books (Provenance)   ( rbprov )
individual biography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Scotland -- Glasgow
England -- London
Statement of Responsibility: by Andrew A. Bonar.
General Note: Date from inscription.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00025347
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002222327
notis - ALG2564
oclc - 57510295
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Front Matter
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Title Page
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Table of Contents
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        Page 16
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    From Her Birth to Her Ninth Year
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    From her Ninth To Her Fifteenth Year
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        Page 73
        Page 74
    The Las Year Of Her Life
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
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        Page 81
        Page 82
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        Page 86
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    Back Matter
        Page 88
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    Back Cover
        Page 90
        Page 91
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EMILIA GEDDIE;,A Utild Df the ,ovuenant,WHO DIED IN 1681.AN EXAMPLE ALIKE TO YOUNG AND OLD.BRPUBLISHED WITH NOTES FROM THE EARLY EDITIONS,BYREV. ANDREW A. BONAR,GLASGOW."I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, becausethou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and re-vealed them unto babes. Even so, Father, for so it seemed goodin thy sight."'-MAT. XL 25, 26.GLASGOW :CHARLES GLASS & CO., 14 MAXWELL ST.LONDON : HOULSTON & WRIGHT.

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OONTENTS.INTRODUCTION.PageThe times Emilia Geddie lived in; the place and family fromwhich she came; the authorship of the book, 7CHAP. I.--FOM HER FIRST.TOMHER NINTH YEAR.1. Her reverence-towards God in infancy, 182. Her thoughts, bout the Creator, 198. Asking blessing- at meat, 204. Her regard for the Sabbath, 205. Horror at an oath, 206. Prayer for the Swearer, 217. Helping the tempted, 218. How she knew the Lord's teaching, 229. At four years of age joining in a prayer-meeting, 2210. No show in her profession, 2411. A minister offending the little ones, 2412. A mother's reproof felt, 2413. Struggles with temptation, 2514. No pride in dress, 2515. Thoughts in sickness, 2516. Feeling of the word 1preached, 2617. Closet prayer, 2618. Thinking on hell, " 2719. Reproof of Sabbath-breakers, 2720. Remark on Shorter Catechism, 28"1. 21. No need of penance, 2 2822. Estimate of words in prayer, -- 2823. Faithful reply to a profane captain, 2824. Her wish to be like .David, 2925. Her attention to the meaning of what she read, 2926. Grief at the inconsistency of professing Christians, 027. Most freedom in private prayer, -, 30 .28. A minister strengthened by her praying with himnm,-; "29. Reasoning with a tempted woman, "30. Usefulin another temptation, ; 231. Meetings for prayer with other children, -82. Her judgment on the conduct of one of their nmeibers;, '33. Her mode of dealing with beggars, S84. Her thoughts about the proper treatme)ot o the beggin 'poor, 8685. A ,abbath at home alone; 38736. Her views on public questions and trust improvidence, 8787. Prayerfor imprisoned ministers, s9-38. Severely injured by some boys-her forgiving spirit, B9 "*',;I .1 *, l f 'f i *-

6 CONTENTS.CI.tP. II.-FROM HER NINTI TO HEE FIFIErENTIIYEAB.39. A remarkable answer to prayer for her schoolmistress, 4140. Refusal to go to the house of mirth, 4241. Sadness because of n t protesting against the sins of others,4442. ,ingularly impressed regarding coming events, 4443. Her inward struggles and victories, 4544. Enmity to levity in holy things. 4645. Letter to her father, 4746. Occasional meditation, 4747. Praying for persecutors, 4848. Confidence and presentiments, 4840. Too much hearing of the word unedifying, 4950. Self-upbraiding fr ingratitude. 4951. Answers to a Roman Catholic lady, 4952. The Lord's Supper; her sense of God's free loe, 5053. Her testimony against dancing, 5254. Improvement of a fit of sickness, 5255. Conversation-work tried, 5356. Original sin, 5357. Salvation brought to her with tower, 5458. A contrite heart, 5559. Christ himself her ddlight, -60. Satan's attempts to hide Christ from her, 5661. God's way of bringing Scripture home to her, 562. Comfort tested, 763. Her father delivered; her prayer answered, 5764 Philippians i. 22. 565. Reverence to parents, -58E6. Sensible advice to a mother. 5967. A Sabbath-day betterthanathousaud, though detained fromordinances, 568. Evidence of a cloudy day, 6069. Letter to her mother, -70. Another distinct account of the Lord's way of teaching her, 671. Discoveries of Christ. 6372. Deliverance from doubting, 6473. Her treatment of her own temptations, 6474. Providences, 6475. Recreation; fondness for birds, 6576. Story of John the Divine unbending his mind, 6577. Another story, 678. Observations on the habits of bird, 6779. Battle of Bothwell Bridge; her thoughts therecl, 6780. How ministers felt her words, 61S. A minister's testimony to her, 71

NTROU CTIO N.THE year 1665, in which EMILIA GEC DIE was born,was a "cloudy and dark day" in Scotland. Persecu-tion for conscience sake was begun. Guthrie and"Warriston had already died upon the scaffold, andoppression was threatening to "make wise men mad."The rising at Pentland ended in disaster, and. gaveoccasion to greater severities. It was during thoseevil days that Emilia Geddie's bark was launched, thewaves still rising, and the sky dark as midnight.Her short life of sixteen years was spent within thetime of suffering in Scotland which is usually called"the Killing Time."She cast in her lot with the sufferers, holding theirfaith and principles; so that if any one desires to seehow these principles affected the private walk ofquiet Christians and moulded their character, he mayseewhathe desiresinthisbriefhistory of the experienceof a covenanter's daughter whom the storm led far intothe heart of "the Man who is the hiding-place."Her father, Mr. John Geddie, was proprietor of asmall estate near the burgh of Falkland in Fife, called,HILLTOWN, or Hilton, from its situation on a slopenear the town. He held the office of "Clerk to the

8 iNTRODUCTrTo .King's Stewartry of Fife," an office of respectabilityand of considerable emolument. His office was to col-lect the rents due to the king in Fife, or in otherwords, the crowi-rents, and Falkland was the mainoffice for these rents. At that time, the Marquisof Athole was Steward of Fife, and inasmuch as hewas a high cavalier, and of course an enemy to thecovenant, it must have been no easy matter for Mr.Geddie to escape annoyance, decided as he was in hisattachment to the covenanting cause. But he didnot swerve. He was a man of some note in his day.We have a memoir of him in vol. i. of the " Abbots-ford Miscellany," giving details of his public life. Byprofession he was .a Writer to the Signet,and as such we find him getting "a factory fromWilliam Bonar and others to get in their debts,"1633, and at another time receiving "a bond of 800merks from John Bopar of Lamquhat." He afterwardsacquired some wealth, and seems to have added somelands to the original estate. A discovery which hemade in 1668, brought him into notice: he found outa new method of "Improving and colonizing Bees,"and his discovery drew the attention of the RoyalSociety at Gresham College. In 1657, he marriedAnna Wallace, daughter of Mr. William Wallace,teacher in Ayr, sister to the Provost of Glasgow, andcousin to Lord Burghly. Their two sons,Michael andJohn, died in childhood, and are buried in Falkland.Emilia was their only daughter, called after the Mar-chioness of Athole, Lady Emilia Stanley, Mr. Geddiebeing at that time steward under the Marquis. Allwe know of the mother's character is that she was awoman of like faith with her husband and daughter.The Hilton of Falkland was the name of the familyproperty, when Emilia was born. It lies about halfa mile from Falkland, south-east from the town, onthe slope that adjoins to East Lomond Hill. It is

ISTRmqttCflOS. 9now called Templand, having once been the propertyof the Knights Templar,a remnant of which possessionis preserved in the names given to two old wells, St.John's and the Lady's well A part of the propertyis now included in the minister's glebe. The olddwelling-house of John Geddie has given place to ahumble farm-steading; a lintel stone, with the date1691, and a few traces of old walls, overshadowed bysix or eight old ash-trees, alone remain to testify thatonce this was a proprietor's dwelling. In olden times,Falkland was a favourite hunting retreat of the kingsof Scotland. Considerable remains of the fine oldpalace exist still at the foot of the hill; and many atraveller has surveyed that palace-square, and thoughtof its ancient fame, who knew not that more com-placently had the eye of God looked down "withchoice regard" on yonder quiet dwelling that con-fronted the abode ofkings, than on these once festivehalls.This edition of Emilia Geddie is the result of a com-parison made between several old editions. There isone entitled "Some few choice sentences and practicesof Emilia Geddie;" and there is another published atGlasgow, 1720, "Some choice sentences and practicesof Emnilia Geddie, daughter to John Geddie of Hiltonin Falkland, in the Sheriffdom of Fife,from her infancyto her death on the 2d February, 1681, in the sixteenthyear of her age, as they are gathered and written byher Father's own hand, with an Index, and an acros-tick on her name." It will be seen from the prefacewe are about to give, that this copy errs in sayingthat "her father" drew up these remains. We havebefore us the edition of 1762, which gives informationas to the sources.of the memoir. It states that the factswere " gathered from her parents and other judiciouspersons." It was Mr. James Hog who compiled thewhole and gave it its present form.

10 INTRODUCTIO7 ."We are told at the commencement that Emiliahadan awe of God on her spirit even before she couldspeak; indeeed, the old copies say, "for much of thetime after her birth until she arrived at the second yearof her age." This is attested by judicious witnesses.But some may be inclined to doubt the interpretationwhich these persons put upon her action. Childrenat that age are often overawed by the sight of personssolemnly worshipping,-the very stillness has itseffect on them. At the same time the thing is notimpossible. Janeway, in his " Token for Children,"records two cases not unlike this, and the "ShortAccount ofJohn Ross, 1836," shews something quitesimilar. Should not parents be led by such cases toseek for their children very early visits of Him inwhose name (as in a Jordan-flood of grace) their littleones have been baptized ?It may have been with his eye on this statement,and a few other such, that Mr. Whitefield wrote his"Recommendation" of the little work. He had beenshewn it during one of his visits to Scotland, proba-bly 1741, at a time when young people were seekingthe Lord, flying as doves to their windows. Withthe special design of encouraging such, an edition ofthis life was published at that time, and here isMr. Whitefield's Recommendation."4 As there has been concern lately wrought, Itrust, by the Holy Spirit in the hearts of some of thelambs of the flock, 1 think, the following account ofGod's dealings with the soul of Emilia Geddie may bevery seasonably reprinted in Edinburgh. I remembernothing very exceptionable in it: if any thing,it is thatwhich is mentioned about John the Divine. I thinkEmilia was justly reproved for spending too much time

INTRODUCTION. 11in feeding her birds. However, I am persuaded she isnow singing praises in heaven." May the little ones that shall read her life, fol-low her as she followed Jesus Christ. A better thingcannot be desired in their behalf by their souls' realfriend and well-wisher,GxORGE WHITEFIELD."We have said that originally the narrative wasdrawn up by Mr. James Hog, who was afterwardsminister of Carnock, and a firm maintainer of thetruth in the "Marrow Controversy." Here is hispreface :-Mr. Hog's Preface."CHRISTIAN AND CANDI)D LEADER,-I think itnecessary to acquaint you with what belongs to myconduct in the management and publication of thislittle treatise, The whole, both preface and narration,was sent to me, that I might revise and prepare themfor 'a more public view. I had much business inhand, and yet I declined npt the motion, expectingthat I should have little (if any thing) more to do,save only to amend some literal escapes,* and to perform a few more services of the like nature. But Iquickly found my mistake, when I read the copy thatwas sent to me. It doth indeed contain all the materi-als which now are laid before thee ; but so incorrectlythat I was sometimes straitened how to understandthe meaning. This made it necessary for me to goover the whole, from the beginning to the end, andto cast it.into a mould at least more intelligible. (Iconfess my rudeness in speech, as well as in know-ledge, is unaccountably great.) And yet I could notpresume so far upon'the indigested copy I got, as to* Mistakes in the writing and spelling.

12 INTRODUCTION.cast the materials wholly into my own style: Ireck-oned myself obliged to keep as near to the words Ifound in the draught I had, as could possibly agreewith orthography, and some little decencies of speech.Much of the narration consists of our young saint'sown words : to these I have kept more close, andwould not have altered them so much as in onesyllable, had I been fully confident that each wordwas hers, without the least addition, diminution, oralteration. But I had no assurance of that, in regardthey were not taken from her mouth; though I amsatisfied they were in substance, and to the sameeffect, as is mentioned in the narration ; and also herown words so near as judicious and godly personscould remember. And therefore I thought I mighttake the liberty to make a very few but small altera-tions, that the stylei ight run somewhatmore smoothly.In the mean while, I have kept close to her meaning,most religiously and carefully, and have changed thephrase in so very little, that it is scarcely worth thementioning. While I was going over the particularsyou have in the narration, I lamented often and heav-ily, that such a precious treasure should haveremained hid for so long a time; and therefore itwas, that, as soon as I had the copy, I made all pos-sible haste to bring the materials into so much of areadiness for thy view as through grace I could at-tain. You have them here in a dress which I hopeshall render them intelligible ; they shine illustriouslyin their own native beauty. I have affected no orna-ment, nor could I have given it them, though I hadintended."The preface shews that the facts were well attestedby many eminently godly persons who knew them,and now are for most part with the Lord. But,if it mayadd a little to the confirmation of the sweet narrative,Itake the occasion to represent, that, though then

TNTRODUCTION. 13young, yet I was acquainted with the young gentle-woman, and can vouch some parts of the relation.I have been divers times in company with her amongstother godly persons, aud have heard her speak humblySand modestly,' but with a prodigious reach, about thenearest and most weighty concerns of salvation. I alsohad my little share in societies of more aged,judicious,and established Christians, where she made a consid-erablepart, and have therein joined with her in prayer.There I have heard weighty and difficult questionsand cases proposed, to which, in concurrence withthe rest, she gave her clear and pointed answers, soclose to the respective purposes, and so wellinstructed from the word, as if she had been an agedand experienced divine. All this passed some threeor four years before her death.-Your sincere well-wisher, JA. HOG."Mr. Hog had himself beeoi born in days of persecu.tion, and grown among the sufferers and their friends,so that he had lively sympathy with the families andthe seed of such as had borne witness and not fainted.Besides, he had met with kEmilia Geddie in his earlydays, aud had wondered at her faith and holy walk.One who writes a short account of his life, notices ofhim : "Access to the private meetings of the godly,when they poured out their hearts to God with oneaccord in prayer, gave him to see much of the realityof religion,"* though it is not there specified thatmeetings in which this young saint took part wereamong those that helped to mould his character.It will be noticed that Mr. Hog refers to anotherpreface. Properly speaking, this other preface is anattestation to the truthfulness of all that is related inher life-the depth of grace, sobriety of judgment,.and maturity of experience displayed herein, being* Memoir of Hog of Carnock in Christian Instructor for 1838.

14 INTRODUCTION.thought so wonderful that few would believe the ac-count unless competent witnesses were adduced. Thefollowing, then, is the testimony, full and unhesitat-ing, borne by many who knew the subject of thenarrative long and well.The Testimony of many Witnesses."It is matter of just regret, that the designed ac-count must needs be imperfect,. in regard no recordwas kept of many excellent things most remarkable,in the conversation of this excellent child, when thethings were more fresh in memory; and many par-ticulars are lost through the death of godly persons,who conversed much with her. Nevertheless, thefew kept in memory, and to be here narrated, are ofgreat weight, and have been well attested by the con-curring testimony of divers judicious and eminentlygodly persons, ministers and others, who knew them."Many observed such rare endowments in thisyoung saint, both as to natural parts and graces,thatit was hard to determine in which of them she mostexcelled. Her disposition, even from mere infancy,and throughout the few years of life she attained,wassweet, modest, meek, and humble. In all these re-gards, that mind was in her which was also in ChristJesus, as much as in any of her day. In the fewstages of her short life, she was still so far beforehandwith the means of her education, that she drank innecessary instructions from her parents and teachersa great deal more quickly than it was advisable to in-fuse it into such a weak and tender vessel. Thus shebecame a woman long before her childhood expired.It was, as to her case, much debated amongst judi-cious and godly persons, whether such singularendowments presaged an excellent life, or an earlydeath. Her parents would fain have comforted them-

INTRODUCTION. 15selves, as Lamech did of old concerning his son Noah,and have promised that such a lovely child shall live,and give us rest. But the Lord had ordered thatmat-ter otherwise ; he took her home to himself, and ad-vanced her early to the higher house, where she seethno more through a glass darkly, but beholdeth theLord face to face. And it gave sufficent ground ofquietness to her parents, that their loss was inex-pressible gain. A heathen of old, upon the death ofhis eldest son, gave the significant reply, namely,'Scio me genuisse mortalem,' 'I know that I gavebirth to a mom tal.' But her parents might expresstheir complacence in a higher strain, Scimus nosgenuisseimmortalem,' 'We know that we gave birthto an immortal;' for howsoever mortal she was by hergeneration, grace rendered her immortal, in the trueimport, by regeneration. It remains that we, whocondole the loss, do, through grace, breathe after thatperfection whereof she is already possessed." Her dearest friends could scarcely have wishedher better than she really was, excepting her almostcontinual frailties and sicknesses,* and yet these wereimproved by her to such spiritual advantages as aston-ished the beholders. Scarce anything passed herwithout a most judicious and profound observation,and the most enriching spiritual gain. In sum,come-liness of person, amiableness of countenance, solidity ofjudgment, acuteness of wit, tenaciousness of memory,sweetness of disposition, modesty in behaviour, obedienceto parents more near or remote, submission to govern-ors, observance of superiors, love to equals, condescen-sion to inferiors, and candor towards all, were foundin her to a very large degree." In a peculiar manner, she was observed to havea singular regard to the Lord's day; she was careful* [They seem to have felt toward her as John did to Gais.3 John 2.J

16 INTRODUCTION.to prepare for it, and was exemplarily diligent inevery part of the observation thereof. She gave rev-erend attention to the word read or preached,and wasnotably fitted to give clear and methodical accountsof what she heard or read. She took great care tolearn the doctrines of religion taught in catechisms,of which she gave such distinct accounts as were fittedto inform and edify persons of good judgment. Shehad a notable occasion for this in the answers shegave in Mr. Thomas Lye's* meeting-house in London,and that in public, about the tenth year of her age,to the great admiration of the minister and hearers.During the few years of her life, she still expressedgreat love to the best things, due respect to the bettersort of men, and a greater than childish dislike of andaversion from what she understood to be evil, as alsofrom everything she.saw to be idle and vain. Thesewonderful excellencies, much above the state of chil-dren, rendered her company so desirable and, usefulto judicious and godly persons, that her distance fromthem for a time was looked upon as a little death.Nevertheless, the comfort (now that we are deprivedof her) remains, namely, We mourn not without hope.It cannot readily be expected that such distinct ac-counts of the progress of a gracious work can be lookedfor in the case of a child, as may be found in thatof old and experienced Christians; nevertheless thepassage of scripture was eminently accomplished in* In some copies printed by mistake "Mr. Thomas Lyde."Mr. Lye was one of the ministers who preached the well-known"Morning Exercise" in London. Ejected from Allhallows in1662, he continued still to carry on his pastoral labours till1684. Calamy mentions (vol. i. p. 86) his unusual method of in-structing the young in the first principles of religion, manybeing indebted for their first serious impressions to his cat-echetical exercises, in which he suited himself to the capacityof his young auditory, to whom he always discovered a mosttender affection." He wrote "The Child's Delight," and an" Explanation of the Assembly's Shorter Catechism,"

INTRODUCTION. 17her, namely, Out of the mouths of babes and sucklingsthou hast ordained strength, Psalm viii. 2. Andthough I will not make the comparison betwixt Johnthe Baptist, Samuel, and this desirable child, becatsethe two mentioned might be reckoned persons extra-ordinarily circumstanced, yet this or other the likeinstances come very near to these singular ones. Suchmorning seekers of the Lord's face give early discover-ies of the grace of the gospel-covenant, when manyold professors carry their gray-hairs as a badge oftheir ingratitude, and of many other evils. This de-licious child did not only make conscience of religionsand Christian duties, in public, private, and secret,(as she was also diligent about any employment herage was capable of), but to the surprise and astonish-ment of many, she gave notable evidences of a publicspirit, being in prayer and otherwise much taken upabout the churches of Christ, and exercised in a ten-der sympathy with the afflicted, especially if theywere gracious persons. Neither was this a sort ofgeneral and flashing concernment, but such as wasbuilt upon solid grounds, whereof she was able andready to give the most distinct accounts. In thismanner, our sweet and young sympathizer (who alsohad her own distresses by bodily frailty and otherwise)took such a large share of the burdens of others, asrendered her truly useful to them, until she was hap-pily carried up to that land whereof the inhuabitantsshall no more say, I am sick.'I am afraid I have detained the reader too long bythis preface, somewhat too large for the small bulk ofthe work; and therefore I shall now proceed to thepartiQular instances themselves."

EMILIA GEDDIE. ,CHAPTER I.FROM HER BIRTH TO HER NINTH YEAR.[WE have already noticed the time and place of herbirth, If her parents did not at once see that she was" a proper child," like Moses, they at all events soondiscovered that the Spirit of God was working in herbetimes. She manifested a most remarkable regardto the worship of God, even while in her mother'sarms. The narrative runs thus :]Before she could speak, if she hadHer reverence to-wards God in in- been weeping or signifying her desirefancy. to have anything she saw or wanted,in case she either observed or was told they were togo about worship in the family where she happenedto be present, this silenced her immediately. Andwhatever edge had been upon her spirit before, andthough the body had been somewhat uneasy, yet shewas perfectly quiet, and waited with patience untilthe worship came to be ended. This was so nativeto her, I may say, as to the new nature, and became

fMILIA GEDDTE. 19so usual and constant, that in case she happened tobe out of humour (which was not very frequent withher), the servants of the house would have put them-selves into a posture of worship, by discovering* theirheads, or otherwise; whereupon she became instantlysilent and quiet, and thus did these little disordersgo off. So much of high estimation and profoundreverence she discovered for the worship of God, evenbefore she arrived at the second year of her age.Her thoughts about So soon as she could aim at speak-the Creator. ing, she.began to ask questions con-cerning God and the creation, with other matters ofreligion. For instance, when she observed the sunshining, she inquired, "Whether that sun had shinedon her grandfather and grandmother, and made themto see as well as us." When it was answered, "Thatthe same sun gave light to the whole world," she re-plied, " Ought we not then to love that God whomade all these things, and gave them to us?" Manyhundreds of such questions she proposed, and gavelikewise such answers unto questions moved to her,which are forgotten and lost through inadvertency.Her wisdom and gravity were such, even in her infantyears, that every one admired her,and they especiallywho saw her more rarely-for these qualities wereless observed by them who were more ordinarily withher (though afterwards they remembered them, with ,regret for the want of her), in regard things of that* Discovering, i. e. uncovering. See this old use of the wordin our common translation of Isaiah xxii. 8.

20 TE LIFE .oFnature and value became so common to those whowere ordinarily in her company, that they took littlenotice of them.*Asking blessing Some persons having overheard herat meat. craving a blessing before meat, andfinding that she had expressions more weighty andsignificant than could well have been expected fromone of her age, asked her hereupon who had taughther to crave a blessing to her meat after that manner.She answered, " That she had learned now and thena word from several persons, and that the Lord hadset these words together, whereupon she had made agrace of them." This happened before the third yearof her age.Her regard for the Much about the same time, havingSabbath, suspected that one of the servants ofthe house, being the maid who attended her, hadcleansed a room on the Lord's day, she reproved hersharply in her childish manner, and said, " Away,begone, you sin against the Holy Spirit. You sweepthe house on the Sabbath, and profane the Lord'sday." Neither could she be reconciled with hermaid, until it was found to be a mistake, and there-upon she was satisfied, the matter of fact having beenfound otherwise.About the same time, a servantHorror at an oath.who was newly come to the house,used the devil's name in a way of cursing, in presence"* "Hence it was," says the compiler, "that the small frag-ments we have were mostly taken notice of by strangers."

EMILIA GEDDIE. 21of his other fellow-servants. She, being at that timewith her nurse, reproved him sharply, and said," Henry, if you do this again, I'll tell God on you."He, being a wanton youth, answered her scoffingly," Go then, and do so." Hereupon she went to thenext room, and one followed her at a distance, with-out her knowledge, to observe her behaviour. ShePrayerforaswear-fell upon her knees, and continueder. in that posture for awhile.. After-wards she returned to the company, but spoke noth-ing, until the same young man mockingly inquired,"Have you now told God?" She answeredgravely," Yea, I have; and the Lord says, if you continue todo so, He will give you away to the devil, and castyou into hell." Whereupon the youth was aston-ished, and did carry more circumspectly for someyears wherein he served in that family. Nay, afterhe had been seven years out of the family, and wasput in memory of that reproof by one who had heardhim swear, the consideration thereof made him to falla weeping, and to beg pardon, saying he ought neverto have forgotten such a reproof.Helping the tempt- Being in company with a womaned. who was struggling with dreadfultemptations, and who thereupon became afraid to bein a room alone, the child offered to go out of theroom, and the woman endeavoured to detain her,saying, "You must by no means go away." Yet thebabe went forward, till she was near the door, andthen she looked back, and said, with a stronger and

22 THE LIFE Orsharper voice than ordinary, " God is with you, andwill keep you from all evil." The tempted woman,having heard the child speak so pertinently, did pre-sently say in her heart, "This is not the voice of thechild, but of the Lord !" And the dispensation wasso blessed to her, that the temptations vanished grad-ually from that time forward, and did never recur.How she knew the At another time, when she was ob-Lord's teaching, served to be very attentive unto theword read and heard, and to be much in secret pray-er, as also diligent in pressing others to that duty, anold experienced Christian, R. W., met her in returnfrom her chamber, and said to her, "Have you beenat your prayers ?" She answered, "Yes;" and add-ed, " When I was a child, my mother taught me topray, but now the Lord teaches me." The honestman inquired hereupon, "How know you the.Lord'steaching by that of your mother ?" She answered," The Lord makes me both to rejoice and to weep;he makes my heart glad, and gives me new words."At four years of Some godly people having met to-age joining in a gether for prayer and conference, herprayer-eeting. mother took her along, and still* herinclinations carried her to be in such societies. Afterthey had met, the meeting having consisted of someold experienced Christians, and others who were butbeginning to pointt that way, a debate arose, whichof them should first pray. Some were forthe elder,and others for the younger set. The child not being* Always. t Turn their thoughts to

EMILIA GEDDIE. 23four years of age, and sitting at her mother's feet,none of the company took notice of her, because ofher nonage. Hearing the dispute, she said, "I'm theyoungest of all, I'll begin." Upon which the wholecompany was silent, excepting the mother, who re-p;oed her child for insolence, in troubling the meet-ing with her fond$ offer, in regard she had neverprayed in such company before, nor had been ever in-vited, because of her childhood. There was at thattime in the company an old experienced matron,uponwhom the society had laid it to begin their meetingwith prayer: she said, "My child, you shall have myconsent to begin," and did prevail so far with hermother and the company that it was allowed. Thisis the only instance wherein she expressed any for-wardness; for such was her modesty and bashfulnessafterward, that she would never adventure upon thatduty in societies, without much entreating and a clearcall. Yet the passage is set down, because a younggentlewoman who had but newly set out, and hadbeen present at very few, if any, such meetings be-fore, was so moved with several expressions the childhad in prayer, that she held on in the Lord's wayever afterward,* and acknowledged that the Lordblessed the child's praying at that time, and that shereally got good by it. A renewed confirmation, that" out of the mouth of babes and sucklings the Lord or-daineth strength." (Psalm viii. 2.)$ Foolish.* In spite of the persecutions that arose, in which manysealed the truth with their blood,

24 THE LIFE OFNo show in her She was observed to weep muchprofession. alone, but was utterly unwilling thatit should be known ; and because of this aversion,shewas very careful to wash her face quietly, and to putherself in such a posture as might best conceal herhaving wept. And in case she heard any personspeaking to her advantage, and repeating any of hersayings or practices, she would have gone off and hidherself, or else would have wept.A minister offend- A godly minister inadvertentlyingthelittleones. said to her, "I would not give ahalfpenny for a child's religion;" the words madesuch a deep impression upon her spirit, that she wenton her way with much heaviness for a long time, andtook the occasion for moving the question to any ju-dicious and godly persons she had opportunity tomeet with, whether they knew any good and religiouschildren who continued such when they were old.*A mother's0e- One day, when her mother had re-proof felt. proved her for not giving a good enoughaccount of her lesson, she was afterwards found weep-ing. Being asked, "Why weep you ?-you were notbeaten ;" she answered, " I had rather been beaten* Should not this remind us of our Lord's solemn warning-"Whoso shall offend (i. e. cause to stumble) ohe of these littleones that believe in me, it were better for him that a millstonewere hanged about his neck, and he were drowned in the depthof the sea." "Take heed that ye despise not one of these littleones: for I say unto you, that in heaven their angels do alwaysbehold the face of my Father which is in heaven" (Matt. xviii.6-10;) Angels,, the very highest and most honoured angels, donot disdain to mini3ter for these little ones, for the Lord doesnot disdain to seid tlhea to take care of such (Heb. i. 14.)

EMILIA CEDDIE. 25than that I had angered my mother; the thoughts ofmy mother's being angry make me to weep."Struggles with Being sore tossed in wrestling withtemptation, temptations, she went to a godly wo-man, with whom she frequently conversed about herspiritual cases. She, finding her at this time soretroubled, did ask the cause. She answered, "Alas!the devil takes the good word out of the very bottomof my heart; and often he says to me, What needsall this noise with your religion ? You may be likeother children; they will get heaven as soon as you.'These and the like temptations," said she, "I amvexed with." Being inquired what course she tookwith them, she replied, " That she knew no otherway but to carry them in before the Lord by prayer;and I desire," said she, "that you would pray, andbid godly people pray for me, for my prayers haveno strength, nor theirs either, without Christ."Spride i dress. Being on a certain day in a goodNo pride in dress.dress, with her linens white, andadorned with red ribbons, a godly man, R. W., saidto her thereupon, "No doubt you think yourself tobe very trim and clean." She replied, "I shall neverthink that, until I get on the fair and clean robe ofChrist's imputed, righteousness, and then I shall betruly fine and clean."Thoughts in sick- Some while afterward she fell sick,..ness. and her bed being made, she was laidin it, whereupon one of the company said, " This iswell, she will now get rest." She, overhearing, an-

26 THE LIFE OFswered, "I am rejoicing at another thing, and thatis, that there is a rest prepared for the people of God(Heb. iv. 9), among whom I hope to be found; thereI shall sing for evermore." Then she called for herfather, who came and asked what she would* say.She answered, "Pray. Let us pray together here,and we will sing the more sweetly when we come toour rest."Feeling of the When first she began to be moreword preached. sensibly profited by hearing the wordpreached, and to give clear evidences of her being edi-fied thereby, this instance, amongst others, is memor-able. A minister having preached upon a Sabbathon these words-" In this mountain shall the Lord ofhosts make unto all people afeast offat things, a feastof wines upon the lees," &c. (Isaiah xxv. 6), she de-clared she found the word very sweet to her, and thatit did her good. Being inquired what good she foundin it, and how it did her good, she answered, "Itdid go through her bones ; it went into her heart, andbrought tears to this place," pointing with her fingerto her eye-lids.Much about the same time, she wasCloset prayer.desired to pray with some others justafter she had risen from her bed, she refused, saying," How can you bid me pray, seeing my prayers canbring no comfort: but yours may ?" They insistedfurther; she refused absolutely, and told them, " Iam.but just now got out of my bed, and will prayrone in company until first I have prayed alone."C Wished to say.

EMILTA GEDDIE. 27When at a certain time she was ly-Thinking on hell.ing in her bed in a morning, and wasoverheard weeping, a friend came to her, and inquiredwhat troubled her. She first declined to tell, butbeing further urged, her answer was, " I have beenmeditating on hell, and the darkness of it, and I thinkI cannot endure it."Reproving the Being in a garden on a Sabbath day,Reproving thebreaker of the and having seen some children play-Sabbath.S ing together, she, rebuking them,said, " It were better for you to be praying." Theyanswered, "We are but children." She replied," Though we be but children, yet we must die," andthereupon she went from them, and hid herself in acorner. Some of the children went about and soughther, and having found her at prayer in a secret corner,they reproached and upbraided her with nicknames.She answered them meekly and gravely, " Know yenot that the word of God saith, "Remember to keepholy the Sabbath-day ?" The children replied, "Theword does not say, 'Emilia Geddie, keep holy theSabbath-day.' " Emily answered, "The word of Godsays to you, and you and me, and to all, Rememberto keep holy the Sabbath-day.'" They replied to her,"You are a violent youig Whig* but we will slayyou." She answered, "Well, I will complain to Godon you." They replied, "You may do so." Then* The name given to those who exposed themselves to perse-cution, because they continued to hear the word of God fromthe lips of Presbyterian ministers, when the Prelatic bishopsmade a law, that every one must attend the curate of his own-parish. See Cruickshank's History, chap vii.

2S TIE LIFE OFshe retired from tl+em to the hiou.se ; and after somewhile they sought her out again, and, having foundher, they said, "Now, Emily, have you told God onus ?" "Yes, I have," said she. They replied scoff-ingly, "Well, what says God ?" She answered,"The Lord saith this, 'The wicked shall be turned intohell, and all that forget Go.' " (Psalm ix. 17.)Remark on the When first she began to read theShorter Catechism. assembly's Shorter Catechism, shesaid to her teacher, "I think the Bible is God's word,and the Catechism is the Bible's word."Sneed of p One having read this passage ofscripture, "Rend your hearts, andnot your garments" (Joel ii. 13), the child said, "Ithink this reproves the Papists, and their way of pen-ance; for God calls for nothing but the breaking andhumbling of the heart."Her estimate of Having come at a time from one ofwords in prayer. her young, societies, which she hadgathered together for prayer, she was asked by a per-son, "Who prayed best ?" "I cannot tell," said she,"who prayed best, but I can tell those whose wordscame best forth," and named one R. I., Being in-quired at another time, after she came from her pray-ing society of children,she gave this account-namely,"That one, G. W., had most of his prayers about therulers, and another, M. G., was much taken up aboutthe churches abroad."Faithful reply to a A captain of the forces,having comeprofane captain, into her father's house, said to her,

E2ILTA CIEDDIE. 29"Emily, I will marry you." She answered, "No."He inquired her reason. She replied, "You have nograce." "Have you any?" said the captain. Sheanswered, "Whatever I have, you have none; forif you had, you would not do the bishop's bidding, totake the honest ministers, and persecute all the godlypraying folk."Her wish to be A company being engaged in con-like David. verse, and each one proposing to hisneighbour,Which of the saints he would chiefly desireto resemble? she, being present, said, "I would fainbe like David." "Would you be a king ?" said one."No," said she, "but I would gladly be in David'scase. He was a man according to God's heart; hedwelt near God, and in the light of God's counte-nance,"Her attention to She was most attentive in readingthe meaning of the scripture and the catechisms, andwhat she read.did observe carefully what she hadread. She came one day to her father, and proposedthat question, namely, "Why it was that, in thefourth commandment, to keep holy the Sabbath, thewife is not particularly mentioned, and yet others ofthe family are set down, as sons, daughters, andservants ? And she observed that, in the tenth com-mandment, the wife is particularly named amongstother things of our neighbour's which we may notcovet, and the daughter is not mentioned in thatcommand." Her father asked her, "what she thoughtwas the reason?" She answered, "That the general

30 TIE LIFE OFwords of all that is within thy gates, comprehendedevery person ;" and so the matter ended.Grief at the incon- Having one day taken some viewsistency of profess- of a foot-ball game, she thought iting Christians.to be vain and idle, and left them.When she returned to the company, she was asked," Why she had retired so. quickly and wept?" Sheanswered, " That it was not so much for seeing theidleness and wickedness of the foot-ball men, as be-cause she had seen a godly and grave gentlewomanlaughing and taking pleasure at the sight."* It isvery like that wicked speeches were intermingledwith their sport.Most freedom in She with her young society havingprayer. met one day for prayer, a ministerwho was occasionally in the house desired to be ad-mitted into the company, which they modestly de-clined. After the first prayer was ended, he renewedhis desire, that he might at least confer with them.This they granted. Then he demanded, "Whetherthey would put any question to him, or he proposeone to them ?" Emilia answered, "We would ask aquestion of you, which is this, Whence is it, that aChristian for ordinary enjoyeth more of enlargementin praying alone than with others ?"* Is not this the mind of Christ ? "It was not an enemy thatreproached me; then I could have borne it; but it was thou."-Psalm Iv. 12,

EMILIA GEDDIE. 31A minister streng- Near to the same time a persecutedthened byherpray- minister, Mr. D. C.,+ came to hering with him.g with him father's house, with a design to stayuntil the Sabbath was over, and resolved to preachon the Lord's day. When Saturday came, he pro-posed to go to another place, but was much entreatedto stay. Yet he declined, and ingenuously gave hisreason, which was, "That he had broken in upon twoor three texts, but could get no digested thoughtsabout them; which made him suspect he was notcalled to preach there at that time." Nevertheless,upon further importunity, he was persuaded to staya little longer, and to make a new essay; for whicheffect the company left him. The child was present,and heard all this, no person taking notice of her.Some little while after, she went alone to the minis-ter, and asked what he was doing, and whether hewas preparing to preach. The minister, wonderingat such gravity and confidence in a mere child, an-swered her, "No, Emily, I am not." SIte replied,"Sir, go and pray." He answered, "Yes, I will doso, if you will pray with me." To which she agreed;and they both performed the duty the one after theother. After that the child had prayed, the ministerdeclared he found himself so refreshed and streng-thened that he immediately resolved to stay; and ac-+ This may have been Donald Cargill, the martyr; for he fre-quently preached in Fife, and even during the years in whichhe was ordered to keep north of the Tay did not scruple to passsouthward when he saw an opportunity of preaching the Gospel.Glenvale, among the Lomond Hills, was one of the scenes of hisfield preaching.

32 TIHE LIFE OFcordingly he tarried, and preached the whole day withpower and liberty, to the great benefit of the hearers.These sermons wrought mightily, through the Lord'sblessing, upon the heart of the child, and were heardby her with much concern and application.Reasoning with a A young woman, A. R., had longtempted woman, struggled under a dreadful tempta-tion, which procured her abstaining from food, in re-gard she thought it would have been presumption inher to eat, seeing she looked on herself as having noright to the creatures. Many arguments were usedto persuade her to a taking of meat, but nothing pre-vailed. Hereupon the child went to her chamber,and expostulated with her to this purpose: "You re-fuse to eat, but it is the devil that beguiles you: youcannot live unless you eat. Were I in your place, Iwould beguile the devil; I would eat, and not obeyhim, but obey the Lord." These words and argu-ments of the child took such impression upon thepoor tempted woman, that she shook off the tempta-tion, and took her meat regularly. When this wasobserved, honest people, who saw her, rejoiced muchto find her delivered from under the feet of such acruel temptation. And she ingenuously declared,that the Lord had blessed the words of the child, fordefeating that hellish engine. So far as was known,she never afterwards gave way to such diabolicalsuggestions.Useful in another Some while after, the same woman,temptation, through the power of temptation, de-

reMIIA GEDDIr. 33sisted from the duty of prayer, and with so much ofperemptoriness that no persuasion could induce herto essay it. But again the child prevailed, havingprayed with her; whereupon, through the blessing ofGdd, the strength of that temptation was broken, andshe went about the duty afterward.She was still* much addicted toMeetings for pray-er with other chil- secret prayer, and laid out herselfdren. in persuading others to it, especiallythose of her own sex and years; by which means shegathered together a society of children, who did reg-ularly meet, without admitting any others into theircompany. Thus they continued unknown, save thatsome persons, whether from curiosity or othermotives, did endeavour to overhear what passedamongst them. On a certain day, they having metin a room where there was a closet, a judicious per-son, who had gone intd'that apartment without theirknowledge, kept the door shut, and made no noise,that he might know their management ; which he ob-served with much satisfaction. After they had met,and before prayer by any of them, a complaint wasgiven in against M. M., one of their number,who wasthe oldest among them all, by three or four years,and also the tallest of stature. Hereupon they constituted themselves into a sort of court of judicature,and made choice of Emilia to preside amongst them.After this the alleged delinquent was challenged. Thelibel laid against her was this ; namely, "That she,Si.e., Always.

38 THE LIFE Orbeing one of their society, had been guilty of somepractices unsuitable to their profession, and offensiveto other good people :" and the following particularswere condescended upon : First, That she had hearda curate* preach in the church of Strathmiglo upon aLord's day. Secondly, that being in a company whojoined in prayer, she had been seen laughing in thetime of duty. Thirdly, That she had spoken evil ofsome godly persons. To this libel, M. M. gave thefollowing answers. As to the first article, she ac-knowledged that she had indeed heard that curate;but without any knowledge beforehand, and alsoagainst her inclination. She had gone to pay a visitto her sister, married to a gentleman of that parish,who was in use to attend Presbyterian meetings; andbeing desired by him and her sister to attend worshipon the Lord's day, she knew no other than that theywere going to hear a Presbyterian minister; whereas,without her knowledge, and contrary to her design,she was brought to the church by force-for whichshe declared her sorrow, and promised to do so nomore. As to the second, she confessed she hadlaughed in time of prayer, but was induced so to do,by a mere surprise; namely, a young woman hadfallen asleep in time of prayer, and was so-far entan-gled with the chair on which she leaned, that uponher awaking, she tumbled on the floor, with her stoolupon her, in such sort that none who saw her could* These were the men of whom Bishop Burnet says, "Theywere ignorant to a reproach, the dregs and refuse of the north-ern parts

EMTLIA GEDDIE. 35abstain from laughing. As to the third, she deniedthe charge; hut acknowledged she had mentionedsome evil things, which certain honest people had saidof other godly folk; and that she had done it withregret, and did sincerely lament it, that such evil re-ports should be spread concerning godly persons, anddeclared that she had said nothing of that kind fromherself.r j o This libel, with the answers givenHer judgment ontheconductof one thereunto, being considered by theof her members.young meeting, and every one'sjudgment asked, they all, with one voice, referred thematter to their president, who, after some discourseto the meeting, proposed her judgment as follows:namely, " That the offender, M. M., should not bedebarred from the society, but allowed to be presentwith them for hearing and converse ; but, in regardof some offence both given and taken in this matter,she should not be allowed to pray with them in thesociety for the space of a month; so that, during thatspace of time, they might have the occasion to ob-serve her deportment, and she might have access toimprove herself by her following behaviour." Suchwas the grave, impartial, and wise procedure of thisyoung judicature, by the direction of their gravepresident.Her mode of deal- It was her ordinary custom to geting with beggars. from that servant who was intrustedto serve the poor, so much as her parents allowed forthem, that she might give them their alms out of her

36 THE LIFE OFown hand. This was thought a little strange, in re-gard that children of her age are usually afraid ofbeggars. It was not so with her; but, upon the con-trary, she followed them to the outmost gate, andwithout it, and was at pains to instruct and exhortthem, shewing them that there is a God, a heavenand hell. And, moreover, she reproved them fortheir wicked lives, and plainly told them that theirswearing, drinking, breaking of the Sabbath-day, andother crimes, would bring them to hell. The maidwho attended her was often afraid when she missedher, not knowing where she could be; and, after theyhad sought her out, she was often found conferringwith the beggars. One day she said to her mother,"I perceive that you and others give meat, and some-times a bit of cloth, to beggars; but I see not thatyou or others call them in, and inquire of them ifthey know they have souls, or teach them a questionor two in the Catechism." There are more passagesof this sort which are not thought necessary or properto be imparted, in this manner.A minister of the gospel, having ob-Wise thoughtsabot proper served her way and deportment withtreatment of the the beggars, inquired of her of whombegging poor.she thought the beggars were descend-ed. Her answer was, "She thought the renegade orrandy-beggars were of the accursed race of Cain;for," said she, "the Lord has sentenced them to befugitives and vagabonds upon the face of the earth.""Wlc!," said the minister, "what course would yod

. EMILIA CEDDIE. 37have taken with them ?" She answered, I wouldhave every parish to keep their own poor, and to pro-vide for them, and teach them; and thus much sinwould be prevented. For I think," said she, " thattheir abominable wickednesses bring much sin andwrath upon the land."A Sabbath at Upon a Sabbath on which she andhome alone, other children had'been left alone inthe house, when the rest of the family came home,one of them asked how she had spent the day. Shereplied, that she spent it in her ordinary manner, inreading, singing,praying,and other spiritual exercises ;all which, she declared, were so sweet to her that shewearied not, but thought the time very short.Her father (being clerk to thelier qestions pn king's stewartry of Fife) was re-ruste in provi- quired and pressed to take TheDeclaration,* and threatened in caseof his refusal; whereupon he called his daughterEmilia, and said to her, " I am threatened and liketo be forced to take The Declaration." She, fromher concern about the church and nation, came toknow sufficiently what it was. Her father insisted,and said, "Whether shall I take that oath or not?What think you of it?" She answered, "Take itnot; Uod forbid you should take it." "But," saidher father, " Emily, they will take my place from* This was an Act declaring it unlawful to enter into cove-nants or leagues, or to hold conventions and gatherings, andspecially denouncing the "National League and Covenant" asunlawful.B

39 THE LIFE OFme." She replied, "That he need not much care torthat." " But," added he, " they will persecute mefurther, and take away my estate; and then how shallI and you live ?" She very cheerfully answered,"Dear father, take no thought of me; God will pro-vide for us ; let us live by faith." "But," repliedher father, " God hath appointed means to be usedfor an honest livelihood, and hath commanded us touse them." She answered, "He hath indeed ap-pointed lawful means to be used; but we may notuse such as are unlawful." "Ay, but," said herfather, " I see no mean for our livelihood except Itake The Declaration." All thishe spoke for trial,being fully resolved not to take that wicked oath. Atlength, with a great deal of modesty and submission,she said, "Dear father, do not take that Declaration,and I will tell you how we may live." "How isthat ?" said he. She answered, "I will go to service,and thereby I may get victuals and also old clothesfrom some persons of honour; and so I will save mywages and give you them to live upon." Her fatheranswered, "Whom can you serve, or who will giveyou wages? you are but young." (She was at thattime but eight years of age.). She replied, "I knowa lady who will give me both food, raiment, andwages; which wages I will give to you." Here wehave notable evidences, not only of a good and duti-ful child, who bore a fervent love to her parents, butalso some clear indications of grace and parts beyondher age; and, in particular, she hereby discovered

EMILIA GErDIE. 39much of a keen hatred of sin, which was most com-fortable to her parents and others concerned withher.Prayer for impri- Upon a day when she had retiredsoned ministers, for secret prayer, a minister, havingput off his shoes that he might the more quietly andunobservedly hear what she said, went as near to thedoor of the room as he possibly could. He, havingreturned, did most seriously declare that he thoughtevery word she spoke came from the very bottom ofher heart. Among other suits she put up, she par-ticularly insisted for two ministers, Messrs. R. G.and A. P.,* who were then prisoners in the Bass.The one was a young man, and the other old. Theexpressions she used were, "There are many,O Lord,who use means to get the young minister's liberty,but we hear of no means used for the old; therefore,0 Lord, do it thyself, and I will declare thou didstit thyself, and bless thy name for it." Some whileafter this, the old minister, Mr. A. P., was wonder-fully delivered from that prison.Severely injured In the ninth year of her age,whenbysomeboys. Her she was one day going to school,forgiving spirit three or four boys, older and biggerthan she, met her in the way; and, having furnished* R. G. is Mr. Robert Gillespie. He was before the Council,and owned that he had kept one conventicle in the town ofFalkland, in 1673. Refusing to inform who were present atthat conventicle, he was sent prisoner to the Bass. The other,A. P., is the well-known Alexander Peden, sent to the Bass thatsame year. It was Peden who said, "Pray much; it i prayingfolks that will get through the storm."

40 THE LIFE OFthemselves with small rods in their hands, theythreatened to beat her, and said they would slay her,if she would not swear to be no more a whig, andpromise to go afterwards to church. She answered;" Though ye should slay me', I will not swear at all."Hereupon they lashed her with their rods, and threat-ened her further. She essayed to make an escape,but could not, because they were swifter and strongerthan she. This put her sore to it, because she waswithout the reach of help by crying, the place beingremote from houses and company. But having con-sidered awhile what to do, she remembered that shehad some farthings by her; whereupon she took themall out, and scattered them amongst the boys, whodid presently run together and contended aboutthem. This fair occasion and advantage she took,and, running with all her might, she escaped thatdanger. Nevertheless, the fear and stripes were veryhurtful to her; for, after that encounter, she con-tracted a sickness which procured her vomiting agreat deal of blackish humour, that would have beenfatal to her, as many thought, had it not been evacu-ated. Next day it was told her that the parents ofthese boys had corrected -them severely for theirheinous crimes; which, when she heard, it broughtthis meek answer from her, namely, "That she freelyforgave them, seeing they knew no better."

t EMIIA GEDDIE. 41CHAPTER II.FROM HER NINTH TO HER FIFTEENTH YEAR.*Upon the occasion that a person inA remarkableanswertoprayer whom she was very nearly concernedfor her school- was like to be expelled from the place,mistress.because of refusing to conform, as thelaw then required, the child, without acquainting anyperson of her design, endeavoured to prevail withsome of her associates that they would join togetherin prayer, for detaining that person amongst them.She had, before this time, as she herself narrated,much rejoiced at the merciful providence that a per-son so useful should have come to dwell where sheresided; and therefore she could not but look uponit as a heavy stroke to the neighbourhood and uponherself, in case one should be thrust from them whowas of so great use to them both in spiritual and see-* This portion is entitled in the original edition, "Some fur-ther speeches of Emilia Geddie, uttered to and in the hearingof persons worthy of credit, observed and collectedby K.C., herschoolmistress, who was intimately acquainted with her, andgiven in by the said K. C. as followeth." So careful was thecompiler to give only what was genuine.This schoolmistress seems to have been Katherine Collace, orMrs. Ross, who, when in the north at Oldearn, was one of themost intimate friends of Mr. Hog of Kiltearn at the time whenpersecution caused him to reside in Morayshire. Circumstancesled her to remove southward to Falkland, after she was left awidow and had lost twelve children successively. This was in1672. (See "Spiritual Exercises of Mistress Ross," p. 62, pre-faced by Mr. Hog of Carnock.) She taught sewing, and was theinstrument of converting many of her scholars. Her name fre-quently occurs in the "Diary of James Nimmo," a copy of whichexists in MS., written by Win. Geddie, the uncle of EmiliaGeddie.

42 THE LIFE 01ular regards; and particularly to herself, as having thecharge of her education. She was not fully nine yearsof age when she laid out herself for bringing aboutthe fore-mentioned project; yet it failed, in so far asshe could not procure a joint concurrence in that en-terprise. Nevertheless, she set about the duty her-self alone, and, having severed some time for thateffect, she got (as she herself narrated) a merciful re-turn, and was encouraged from that word, Be notafraid, only believe, Mark v. 36. She looked on themercy as so much the greater, because .she acknow-ledged her great want of a concernment upon herspirit suiting the weight of that matter. The gentle-woman about whom all this business was made,beingher school-mistress, asked the child "What herthoughts were of the matter, and if she expected herbeing suffered to stay in the place." She readily an-swered, "There is no fear;" but declined to mentionhow she came to know so much. But, being impor-tuned, she humbly and modestly gave the foresaidaccount; and everything fell out accordingly. For,though all possible means were used to cast that per-son out of the place, yet they prevailed not. Shestayed there as long as she thought meet with muchquietness.Refusestogotothe The child, being very intimatehouse of mirth, with her school-mistress, gave her aparticular account of her spiritual concerns from timeto time. One day, upon the earnest suit of a nearrelation, her mother was prevailed with to permit the

EMILIA GEDDIE. 43child to go to a penny-wedding of a servant of thatfriend. Yet her school-mistress, not inclining thatshe should go, said nothing, but only gave her a placeof Scripture to read and ponder, namely, Isaiah xxii.12, 13, 14,* and desired her to inquire into the Lord'smind in it. This she accordingly did; and, havingreturned, her mistress asked her what she thought ofthat passage. She answered, "She had learned somuch from it that she would by no means go to thewedding." "I have not forbidden you," said hermistress. "But the Lord hath forbidden me by hisword," said the child. Hereupon her mistress re-quired her to shew how that was. She answered,"My going to that wedding would have been contraryto the word I had read, and that in two things. First,The Lord is calling us at this time to fasting, mourn-ing, and praying; and, had I gone to that wedding,I had gone to feasting, revelling, and mirth. Second,That place speaks of girding with sackcloth, and Ibehoved to have been in a finer dress than ordinary ifI had gone to the wedding. Therefore, it is neithersuitable to the times, nor the suffering condition ofmy father's family, to go to such feastings." Thesewere near her very words; so she would not go."* "And in that day did the Lord God of Hosts call to weep-ing; and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sack-cloth; and behold! joy and gladness, slaying oxen and killingsheep, eating flesh and drinking wine; 'Let us eat and drink,for to-morrow we shall die.' And it was repeated in mine earsby the Lord of Hosts, Surely this iniquity shall not be purgedfrom you till ?e die. saith the Lord God of Hosts."

44 !HE LIFE OFA day or two after, some of herSadness becauseof not protesting cousins treated with her to go in withagainst the sins them to a chamber of that house whereof others.the marriage entertainment had beenheld. There some of the young gentlewoman danced,but she was only a spectatrix.* Immediately here-upon she fell under a heavy damp, and went quicklyoff from the company, humbly to inquire of the Lordinto the causes. But, finding nothing by prayer, sheessayed reading of the word, waiting for some con-vincing discovery from thence. And, having foundnothing there, she tried meditation; and searchingher way by that means, but not finding out the cause,she went to prayer again; and the Lord convincedher of the evil in countenancing and encouraging theother children in their lightness and vanity. Hereuponshe was humbled for her sin, and confessed it to theLord, and declared she found the access to pardoneasy. She got discoveries of the love of Christ to hersoul clearer than ordinarily, and said, "she was ad-mitted to such near embraces of Christ by faith, thatshe could have been satisfied to have gone immedi-ately from thence to heaven."Being at school, which she punc-Singularly impres-sed regardingcom- tually attended, she was observed ton events go often forth one day. Whereupona certain person traced her, and found that she wasfrequently at prayer that day. Having come homefrom school, she asked a servant, " whether there had"* A looker-on.

"EMILIA GEDDit, 45been any stir about her father's house ?" The ser-vant, fearing to trouble her, was at first unwilling toanswer, but, on further importunity, told her that thehouse had been carefully searched for papers, butnone were found. After this, she retired and gavethanks to the Lord for the merciful return of herprayers, and was much taken up about the publicconcerns of the churches, and of this church. Atthat time she got a full and strong persuasion of theLord's appearing for the deliverance of his church inthis land. Next day, being demanded the reason ofher greater than ordinary frequency at prayer, asaforesaid, she modestly gave the fore-mentioned ac-count, and added, "she had seen the most glorioussight she ever saw." Being desired to impart what itwas, she declined; but, being pressed, she said, " Ihave seen the Lord on his throne of majesty, andcoming forth against his enemies, and I saw themmade to fly as chaff before his presence; and I wept,"said she, "for the misery of the wicked." Being in-quired what she thought of her father's enemies, sheanswered, " I think they are even taken in with theLord's enemies." Upon another day she came very.cheerfully and pleasantly to her mistress, and said," I have gotten two great mercies; one is, That theLord will again appear gloriously in this land; andthe other, That the Lord hath given assurance to mysoul that I am his."ier inward strug- Thereafter, her mistress havinggles andvictories. been from home a week or thereby,

4d TIE LIFE O0at her return called the child to an account abouther spiritual condition during her absence-for, as toher learning, she was exact and diligent, and neededno incitement. She answered,, " I have been soreassaulted with temptations, and in prayer I got thatword, The seed of the woman shall bruise the serpent'shead' (Gen. iii. 15), and so he went away. But, alittle after, I was left to a worse evil for a time, evenlightness of heart, and to have been rid of it I couldhave wished to have been again in my former temptedcondition. Next, I was somewhat taken up aboutsaffering for truth, and found that I am able neitherto suffer nor flee. Then I got a clear discovery of thesufferings of Christ, which, I am convinced, woulddispose my heart to suffer for him."Enmity to levity Upoh a Sabbath, when she andin holy things. another child were praying and read-ing sermons in her father's garden, a girl came in up-on them who had been one of their society, but hadthat day gone to church. She fell a plucking bf theflowers; whereupon Emilia said, "These are the fruitsof the curate's* preaching, even breaking of the Sab-bath day." The girl desired the child who was with-Emilia to pray; but Emijia, thinking the desire pro-ceeded from curiosity, gave her comrade a watchwordnot to comply therewith. " Her carriage," said she,"is very unlike the Lord's day ; and, had it not been* These curates had supplanted the godly and much lovedPresbyterian pastors, and besides were "mean and despicablein all respects," according to Archbishop Burnet, who adds thisfurther testimony, that they were "the worst preachers he everheard, and many of them openly vicious."

EMILIA GEDDIE. 47my father's garden, I would have bidden her go away,but, seeing the garden is his, I thought it notconvenient. "Letter to her About this time, her father being infather. London, she wrote a letter to him asfollows :-"LOVING FATHER,-I pray you may be guided inyour way, and not left to sin against God; for thisis a very trying time, and the people of God are undermany temptations. You have need to watch overyour heart now. If the Lord bring you to your jour-ney's end, I desire you may bring me home a newBible, and the Confession of Faith and Catechisms,with the Covenants and Scriptures at length, andwhat else you please. I am unwilling to trouble youfurther; and so I rest your affectionate daughter,EMILIA GEDDIE."FALKLAND, June 11, 1675."Present my service to Mr. Carmichael and hiswife. Farewell, dear father; I wish to hear goodnews of you."Occasional medi- In a conference, she said to a cer-tation, tain person, "What good get you ofScriptures which come passingly into your mindthrough the day ?" The person did put the questionback to herself, and she answered, "They serve todivert my mind from other vanities; but I get noprofit by them to the exercising of my soul to godli-ness, save when I get thenm from God by prayer, orelse go to the Lord by prayer with them."

48 TIE LIFE OFPraying for per- She asked her mother, '" Have yousecutors. prayed for repentance to him whopersecuteth us, and possesseth our estate?"* Hermother answered, "'No." To this she replied humblyand modestly, " I think you should have done it. Ihave been trying it as I could, and do think that noother rod was fit for us,save such an one. But he willbe brought low, and your hands shall not be on him.You shall return and possess your own ; andrin yourreturn you shall have nothing to do but to see thesalvation of the Lord." All this came exactly topass.Confidence and In the time of her sickness, whenpresentiments. one day she was observed to be undergreat heaviness, a friend inquired the cause. Sheanswered, "I see great and sore troubles coming uponthe church and people of God in this land; and greatwarnings are given them to enter into their chambersuntil the indignation be overpast." And she furthersaid, " The promises ye have been getting these dayspast may be chambers for you to hide in. As forme," added she, " the Lord will hide me in the hol-low of his hand; I shall not see these evil days. 0that his people would flee to his promises, and to the* In the Memoir of John Geddie, "Abbotsford Miscellany,"p. 362, we find him speaking of this hardship, "My place beingtaken frbm me then (1674), as now it is, because I would notcomply with the English and subscribe their oath, called TheTender ; yet, considering the estate was old for many hundredsof years, the love I had to preserve that old inheritance, madeus, under God, toil much and labour to recover the same;which, by the blessing of God, I did, &e." He paid 15,000 merksto relieve the estate.

EMIIA GEDDIE. 49bleeding wounds of Jesus Christ! In these onlythere is safe hiding in a dark and gloomy day."Too much hearing She being at a certain time inunedifying. Kirkaldy, and understanding thatsome people, who had but just heard sermons, wereyet intent upon hearing more, said to a godly woman,C. H., "These folks are like to some horses, of whichI have been informed, that pull a great deal of fodderfrom the rack, and trample it under their feet, eatinglittle or none of it. I think we should be like thehorses which eat what they pull down. It were goodfor us, when we have heard a sermon, to chew thecud, by meditating on what we have gotten, ere welook for more."Self-upbraiding for Having heard a sermon againstingratitude, backsliding, she was afterwards ob-served to be heavy and afflicted; and being askedthe cause, she answered, "I was reproved by what Iheard on the Lord's day, for I am a great backslider."And being asked how and wherein, she replied, " Ihad nmt.with a great deliverance; for, sitting one dayby the wall of a house, a great piece of slate fell byme, touching only my clothes, and I was not hurt,and yet I did not set apart a time to praise the Lordfor such a merciful deliverance, as I had used to doin less things."In the beginning of the tenth yearan Ctolic lady of her age, when in a coach on heron her way to way to London from York, a Pop-London.ish lady, being providentially in the

50 THE LIFE OFsame coach, took delight to converse with the childconcerning religion. Having endeavoured to persuadeher of purgatory, she answered, "Madam, I havebeen taught my catechism, and I have read and heardfrom Scripture of heaven and hell; but I never heardof purgatory, nor do I see any ground to believe it."The lady insisted, " What then think you became ofAbraham, Isaac, Jacob, and the patriarchs, withother saints who died before Christ's .coming in theflesh?" " Madam, that is easily answered," said thechild; "for all these patriarchs lived and died in thefaith of Jesus Christ to come in the flesh. It iswritten (John viii. 56), 'Abraham rejoiced to see myday, and he saw it and was glad;' and the prophetDavid (Psalm xvi. 8), seeing Christ to come, did sethim always before his eyes. They and all the othersaints believed he was to come in the flesh; and, byvirtue of his death and satisfaction, they were saved,as all the elect shall be, from the beginning of theworld to the end thereof." Many other remarkablethings were spoken duripg the six days they travelledtogether, but they are now forgotten and lost. Thelady did greatly commend the child, and said to herparents, "It were pity she had not some to educateher in the way of their church."When she came to London, haingThe Lord's sup-per: her sense of occasion to be present at the adminis-God's free love.tration of the'Lord's supper, she wasmuch affected, but was silent for some time. Yetafterwards she spoke to a friend and said, " I saw

EMILIA GEDDIE. 51that sacrament given by the Independents at New-castle, at which I was not moved; but now, havingseen the Presbyterian way, I am moved: my heart ismore engaged to the Lord Jesus than ever. And Iwould have gladly taken the sacrament, but that Ithought myself too young and ignorant, and not fitto discern the Lord's body, which is necessary in suchan ordinance." She inquired whether any of her agedid take that sacrament; and, being demanded thereason of her inquiry, she said, " I have read in thecatechisms, and have considered what a sacrament is.This time I saw much of glory and beauty in it, andwas made to read much of the love of our Lord Jesusin these words (1 Cor. xi. 23), The same night inwhich he was betrayed,' &c. My heart," said she," was exceedingly affected with the word, and withthe timing of it, namely, when he was to suffer frommen, and to endure the wrath of God; which to meheld forth his love as past all finding out. This mademe to look about, that I might see if any was able toresist the power and love which I saw and felt, that heshould have looked on man the same night in whichhe was betrayed, and far more, that he should havegiven him such a token for good." The ordinancesaw then dispensed in the meeting-house, where Mr.William Thompson* and Mr. Alexander Carmichaelt* Mr. W. Thompson was one of the outed ministers of Edin-burgh.t Mr. A. Carmichael, minister of Pitenain, was banished fromScotland because he upheld Presbyterianism and the gospel;whereupon he laboured in London during the two years Of hislife that remained. He wrote an excellent treatise "On theMortftication of Sin."

52 TIE LIFE OFpreached, in New Queen Street, London. She wasobserved to have wept much that day, thoughcovertly.HIer testimony While in London* for the space ofagainst dancing. ten months, she was in account withevery one, and much esteemed, yea, and admired byher teachers. Her school-fellows also respected her;but she wearied to converse with them because shefound it not for edification. They were muph taken -"up about delicacy of food and vanity of apparel,whichshe misliked or regarded not. Being desired to go toa dancing-school for a while, she went to observe theirconduct; which having seen, no persuasion couldmove her to go any longer. "I cannot," said she,"endure their lightness of speech and behaviour, northe danger of bad company." And therefore she ex-ercised herself mostly in sewing and learning to write,and did carefully attend meetings for preaching andcatechising, conversing with few except her ownmother. Hence many remarkable, passages of her lifeare lost, namely, for these ten months, and sevenmore, wherein she sojourned in the north of England,in regard her mother, who was accustomed with he;,did not much observe, nor kept she any record of hersayings and practices.Improvement of Upon her return from England, shea fit of sickness went to Ayr to visit her grandfatherat Ayr.and grandmother. There it pleased* In the "Introiuction," Mr. Hog mentions her attendingthe meeting-house of Mr. Thomas Lye (see p. 16 Introd.) Shewent to London for her education.

EMILIA GEDDIE. 53God to try her with a vehement cholic which lastedfor the space of seventeeen hours. As soon as shegot a little breathing and was able to speak, she ut-tered these words, "Now I know what I have heardoften : if I had died in this case, I could have had nocomposed thoughts of the Lord, of death, or of judg-ment." And therefore she exhorted all about her notto delay meditations about death, nor preparationsfor it, till a sick bed; "for," said she, " I find sick-ness hath enough to do for itself." After her recov-ery she was more close and serious than ever in self-examination, and every other way.Conversion-work About this time, it seemed as if thetried. Lord anew carried her through all thesteps of effectual calling. She gave some account ofher spiritual concerns as follows: "Satan," said she,"was assaulting me after his wonted manner; he sug-gested that there is yet time enough for me to be re-ligious; let childhood once pass, said he, and Remem-ber your Creator in the days of your youth' (Eccl. xii.1.)" Moreover, she was afraid lest the religion shehad might only be owing to her good education. Thisgave her great trouble for several weeks, fearing lestshe had been hitherto destitute of saving grace, andcaused her to lament heavily that sad estate of mat-ters, before the Lord.At this time it pleased him to giveOriginal sin.her views of original sin, and of theenmity of our natures against God, more clearly anddistinctly than ever. "I have read," said she,

54 THE LIFE OF"concerning ori'inal sin, in the catechisms and onerbooks, and I believe that great truth from IRom. v.12, 'As by one man sin entered into the world, anddeath by sin; and so death passed upon all men, forthat all have sinned.' 'Tis reasonable we be sharersof the guilt, seeing we would have enjoyed the benefitand privileges had our first parents stood. How thatsin works in me, I cannot know; only I am convincedthat I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin did mymother conceive me. I feel a hard heart in me, aheart that is deceitful above all things and desperatelywicked." She was thus for awhile under great soultrouble, from the sense of her lost estate and utterdistance from the Lord. But in all this she justifiedthe Lord, whatever it might please him to do.Salvation brought "I see," said she, "the necessityto her with power. of a Saviour; but I cannot come tobe persuaded that he will look upon such a pollutedwretch as I am." In this strait, the Lord set homethat word upon her spirit, namely, "God so loved theworld, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoso-ever believeth in hif should not perish but have everlast-ing life" (John iii. 61.) "Then," said she, " I wasmade to see a possibility of being saved, which isonly by the Lord Jesus. But I find not only inabilitybut unwillingness to come to him. And that scrip-ture was borne in upon me, (2 Cor. v. 21,) 'Ile hathmade him to be sin for us, who knew no sin, that wemight be made the righteousness of God in hin.' This,"said she, "held forth the Lord Jesus more fully to

EMILIA GEDDIE. 55me, as our surety and righteousness. But ah I amso great a sinner, and yet so unwilling to be deniedto my own righteousness, that my troubles and fearsare increased even by the hearing of him, because Icannot come to him for righteousness and salvation.Thus I was sore tossed, and became almost hopeless:I saw there was no help but by coming to the LordJesus; and'yet I found an utter unwillingness to go tohim. Alas !" said I, "shall I thus die eternally?Then in my strait that word was given me, The Sonof man cam; to seek and to save that which was lost'(Luke xix. 10.) This instantly calmed my spirit, andshewed me more than a possibility of salvation,whichI had learned from the former scripture. Then an-other word followed, namely, This is a faithful say-ing, and worthy of all acceptation,' &c. That wordcame with such power that I was sweetly drawn,andeven compelled. Then I was made willing to partwith my own righteousness, and to take the LordJesus for all things.After this, I was enabled, throughA contrite heart.grace, more fully to prize the LordJesus; I was also made humbler, and brought tomourn for sin in a more kindly manner; and I sawhim more lovely in everything."Some days after, being sick and inChrist himself!bed, she asked a friend sitting by her,"Whether there was such a passage in the Bible as'Himself took our infirmities and bare our sickness.'"The person answered, "There is," and read it from

56 THE LIFE OFMatt. viii. 17. She heard it, and was silent for thattime. The next day she said, "The word you readyesternight was made a blessed word to me. He him-self! 0, what an one is He himself! I got by faitha more full discovery of him through the vail of hisflesh, than ever I had attained before. I saw him asGod-man, reconciling the world to himself and evensuch sinners as I am. 0, what love and bowels ofcompassion did I see in him to sinners, and that fromall eternity Not that he was new, or that there isany change in his nature, but he drew more near tome in that new and living way; which gave morecomfort to my poor, wearied, and languishing soul,and made me to REJOICE IN GOD MY SAVIouR,atan's attempt "After this Satan endeavoured toSatan's attemptto hide Christ shake me sore, alleging that my clos-from her.ing with the Lord Jesus was presump-tion, and'that it was merely to get peace and quiet-ness, and not either from love to God, or hatred ofsin, nor yet for righteousness in and from Christ. Healso brought in several places of scripture to show thatmy heart was not right with God. This troubled mesore. Then the Lord condescended to carry homethat word with power upon my spirit (2 Sam. xxiii.5), 'Although my house be not so with 3od, yet he hathmade with me an everlasting covenant.' Thus I wasmade to covenant with God.God's way of "After this I was taught to discernbringing home Satan's wiles, and to see my ownscripturetoher. wakn and ubelievin hear moreweakness and unbelieving heart more

EMILIA GEDDIE. 57clearly than ever. Ah I am always ready to forgetwhat the Lord has done for me, and to side with theenemy. At this time, the Lord taught me somewhatbetter to understand the difference betwixt His bear-ing in words upon the soul, and Satan's citing scrip-tures to us. I observed that, when the Lord givesthe word, whether for conviction or otherwise, itmakes a divine light to break up in the soul, itquickens and leads it to the Lord Jesus. But, whenSatan presents the word, it brings the soul into con-fusion, it weakens the hands,, and fills the heart withhard thoughts concerning the Lord. I find my mindvery bent upon such thoughts, however, and I neednot be furthered in them."Some while after, she said, "I neverHer faith tested.receive any word, whether for con-firming me in the faith, or clearing up of duty to me,but immediately it is tried, whether by temptationfrom Satan, or trying dispensations of Providencetowards myself or others."Her father Her father having been imprisonedHer father de-livered; her pray- in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, and theer answered. day for his appearancebefore the PrivyCouncil being come, he had catched so great a coldthat he could scarcely speak; for which cause heused interest with the clerks, that he might not becalled that day; and a delay being promised, hisfriends were easy, not expecting his appearance atthat time. Emilia having retired, returned to hermother, and said, "I think my father will be called

58 THE LIFE OFto appear before the council this night, and I wouldhave us all go to prayer." The company agreed,provided she would begin, and she was persuaded todo so. In prayer she not only entreated the Lordthat he might be kept from sinning, and delivered outof prison, but that He would also give him utteranceto speak before them. And it was made evident toall concerned that her prayers were heard and an-swered; for contrary to all expectation, her fatherappeared that night, his hoarseness was taken away,he spoke aloud and freely, and was ordered to be setat liberty, without any bonds or engagements. Be-fore the child had well done praying, notice cameconcerning her father's appearance, and all the effectsfollowed.On a certain day,being sick, she said,Philipians i. 23."I have had but a tossed body and asickly life all my time; and if it were the Lord's will,as to what concerns myself, I would be away. Yetif it may be for the glory of God, and the comfort ofmy parents, I would be content to live, and to bedenied my own desires." Accordingly she livedsomefew years after this.Reverence to pa- Upon the occasion of one's saying torents, her, "Emily, other children call theirparents, sir or mistress, but you do not so." Sheanswered, "I am ready to do so, if it be their pleas-ure; but the mentioning the relation raiseth awe andreverence in my spirit, when I speak to them. AndI find it was the way of the patriarchs of old to say

EMILIA GEDDIE. 59to their children, "My son," &c., and of the childrento say, "My father."Sensible advice to Being occasionally in a gentleman'sa mother (Eph. house, and having observed that thevi. 4.)lady was almost continually reprov-ing and chiding her children, she said to one of thefamily, "Were it pertinent for me to speak to such aperson, I would advise her ladyship to take some ofthat time which she employs in chiding her children,and set it apart to pray for them. Constant chidingmakes them careless of reproof, and hardens them inthe evils for which they are reproved."A Sabbath day Having for the space of four monthsbetter than a sojourned in a country place, wherethousand, thoughabsent from or- she had not the occasion of pure or-dinances. dinances, and but little of Christianfellowship, she was asked how she spent the Sabbath.To this she answered, "I am often troubled ere itcome, and concerned about what I shall do, seeing Imust be all day alone; yet I must say (and 0 that Icould speak it to the glory of God, and for engagingothers to love Him, and to trust in Him !) I havefound Him faithful, who hath promised to keep poorsouls alive in time of famine. For sometimes theLord brought to my remembrance what I had formerlyheard of the word preached, and at other times I wasmade to consider and reflect upon it, how He had ledme these years past, which was establishing and verycomfortable to my mind. And sometimes, when Ihad thought to read so iuch, and to repeat what I

o0 TlHE LIFE Ohad learned from my ordinary reading of the word,the Lord so breathed upon the word, that I got, as itwere, a letter from every verse, whereby my soul wasso edified, and the Sabbath shortened to me, thatwhen they called me to supper, I was loth to leavemy retirement, and to return to company,and regrettedthat the Sabbath went over so soon."Evidence of a In conference with a godly personcloudy day. who had been at Edinburgh, whereshe expected to hear how matters were going with theLord's people in the land, amongst many other ques-tions she asked "How it went with them in secret,and what they found of the Lord's presence and powerin ordinances?" "Why do you ask that?" saidthe person. She replied, "It is not with me in myretirements as sometimes it was; my heart and workfell naturally to my hand, and I came off from it re-freshed; as it was said of Hannah, "She returned,and her countenance was-no more sad" (1 Sam. i. 18.)But now the great part of my time is spent in gettingmy heart brought up to a tune for prayer; and when Icome back I am weighted* and wearied. 1 thinknobody is in such an evil case, and hath a heart sobad and slothful as I have; neither do I find that inthe word preached which I used to find. I wouldgladly hear that it is better with others than it iswith me."Letter to her mo- A letter was written by her to herther. mother, from Falkland to Edin-* Burdened.

EMILIA GEDDIE. 61burgh, where her mother was, and had continuedlong. "DEAR MOTHER,-I trouble you with thisline to let you know we all are in good health, blessedbe the Lord 0 that I had grace to improve healthand everything, and all the changes of our lot Ithink the Lerd hath been letting me know what it isto abound, and now what it is to want the preciousopportunities I had in Edinburgh and the Canonmillstthis time twelvemonth. On which times I cannotbut reflect with delight, and say, 'The Lord was kindto me there, though I did not see it at the time; theLord was then alluring unworthy me, and yet I wouldnot be allured.' I need not tell you what my case wasat that time. I see the Lord was kind to me, for thetime which is now come. I cannot but say, TheLord is the same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever,'yet all the comfort I have is when alone. Dear mo-ther, I trouble you with these only to have the helpof your prayers, that the Lord may make up all ourwants in his fulness. It is reported here that theprisoners who were sent to sea are now cast away.*t At that time a village at a distance from the town; nowthe New Town includes it.* This probably refers to the Sixty-seven prisoners,mentionedin Cruickshank's "History," chap. xiii., who were banished toVirginia for no other crime than attending meetings for wor-ship in the fields. One of these was a mere boy of sixteen, whiowrote to his friends, that he " supposed he was the youngestprisoner in Scotland, but the Lord had opened his eyes, and re-vealed his Son in his heart, since he came under the cross; andthat, though he found difficulty in parting with relations, yetlie had found that fellowship with Christ which did much morethan balance the want of the company of his dearest friends "They were landed at Gravesend, and then set on shore, to shiftfor th emselves. This ni m h;ave given rise to the report thatth.or w'2: ''cud I ; Cf

62 THE LIFE OFLet us know the certainty. You tell me my LordHarcasst is to sit on the bench. I think it a mercythe matter is come this length. The Lord, who bathdone all things for you, direct him to adjust our affairaright, and to put an end to it. The Lord be withyou, and guide you in His way, which is the earnestdesire of your daughter and servant in all duty,EMILIA GEDDIE."For my dear mother, Mrs. Geddie, atEdinburgh, these."Another distinct She was three years absent fromaccount of the her mistress who had formerlyLord's way ofteaching her. taught her at Falkland. When shehad returned from England, her mistress (K. C.) in-quired into her spiritual condition, and she gave thefollowing account, which was afterwards sent to herparents, under her mistress's own hand. It was thus.For awhile she was secure, but was not suffered tocontinue so long; but was awakened by sad fears lestshe had been still in a natural estate, "because,"said she, "I have backsliden far from what I wasformerly." Secondly, the great lengths hypocritesmay attain unto alarmed her. Thirdly, it troubledher that she had not reached that distinctness abouther several cases, which is the mercy of others. Not-withstanding,she acknowledged that the Lord had dis-covered to her the great evil of a natural estate, asf Lord Harkarse. Wodrow mentions him as "astaunch Pro-testant." He was Sir Roger Hog of Harcarse, in the parish ofFogo, Berwickshire. Along with Wauchope of Edmonston, hewas afterwards "turned out of the Justiciary," to make way forPapists."

EMILIA GEDDIE. 63to its sinfulne3s, and the sinner's utter distance fromthe Lord. She was more fully convinced of the dc-ceitfulness and desperate wickedness of her heart,and had got clearer discoveries of original sin. Shehad formerly blamed Satan too much for wicked sug-gestions,butthenshe sawthese evils springingup clearlyfrom the fountain of sin in the heart, She was mademore fully to discern a great enmity against Christ,and the way of salvation through him. She foundthe difficulty great of being denied to our ownrighteousness, and to esteem all that to be losswhich she had accounted gain. Moreover, shefound great difficulty to believe, not only fromweakness and utter impotence, but also from un-willingness. As to all these things, the Lordopened her eyes by degrees. She was also made tosee the absolute necessity and beauty of the onlyRedeemer. "But," said she, "how can He look uponsuch a sinful and miserable wretch as I am?"Discoveries of While thus plunged into the depthsChrist. of soul trouble, and not knowingwhat to do, and ascribiug righteousness to the Lord,whatever it might please him to do with her, the Lorddiscovered his willingness to save even such as shefound herself to be, by this and such scriptural pas-sages, " The son of man came to seek and to savethat which was lost." I cannot name the particularplaces (saith her mistress in the letter to her parents),but they were all very suitable and effectual for de-.termining her to come.

"-64 THE LIFE OFDeliverance from Thus she entered ito covenant withdoubting. the Lord,and found joy unspeakablethereupon. Yea, she got at length such intimationsof the Lord's everlasting love, that she afterwardsdoubted not. " These things, and more to this pur-pose, I had from her own mouth," said her mistress," in answer to some questions I proposed to her. Ishall not say these are the very words, but this is thepurpose, so far as I can remember," saith her mistress;"but her words, and the manner of her expressingherself, were, as I judge, both more pertinent andsavoury."Her treatment of J. C.,in Canonmills,told some othertemptations. friends that, in a conference whichpast in his house, Emilia observed that the exerciseof her mind had an influence upon keeping her bodylow, and saw the fallacy (i. e. that she was wrong.)"But now," said she, "I resolve, through grace, ontwo things for remedy: One is, I will slight tempta-tions, and neither take notice from whence they come,nor whither they go; and the other is,when I find mycorruptions stirring mightily within me, I will go tothe Lord by prayer, and tell that I am not able tobear them, nor flee from them, while I am in thebody; and I will beg of him, for Christ's sake, thathe would strengthen me against my corruptions. Soshall the burden of them be taken off from me, orstrength shall be given me to resist."About that time, hearing two godlyrovid esin about the Lord'spersons conferring about the Lord's

EMILIA GEDDIE. 36way with them, and concerning providences,she said,"These things are no mysteries to me, but 0 that Iknew them in my own soul!"Recreation-fond She used to divert herself by nour-of birds. ishing and taming birds of severalsorts. Being challenged why she spent so much timethat way, and employed not the time with otherchildren which she bestowed on birds, she answered," I cannot keep 'up with other children. They are aburden to my spirit, because they still talk of vainthings, wherein there is no edification; and thus Icannot avoid sin, especially by misspending precioustime. And yet I cannot altogether defend or excusemyself from wasting time upon birds; only I remem-Story of John un- ber a story told concerning John thebending his mind. Divine, who, having reproved someyoung men for employing too much time upon archery,was himself observed to be playing with a bird in thewindow of his closet. One of these youths, who wasbetter acquainted with him than the rest, having ad-ventured to challenge the great man for being toomuch taken up with a childish toy, the Divine asked,'What have you in your hand?' The youth answered,' It is my bow.' 'Lend it me,' said the Divine. Andwhen going to lock it up in his closet, the young mandemanded it, 'Because,' said he, 'I have present usefor it.' Come again in a little time,' said theDivine, 'aid you shall have it.' The young man re-plied, '0, sir, it is bended.' 'What then ?' said theDivine. 'If it stand so any time,' answered the

66 'HIE LIFE OFyoung man, 'it will prove useless.' Hereupon he gaveback the bow, and said, 'Neither can my spirit bealways in bensil;* it must sometimes be slackenedby innocent diversions.'t And further," said she," I am edified by observing and playing with birds.They are innocent, harmless, and grateful, as experi-ence lately taught us concerning a jackdaw,hotly pur-sued by a hawk. It fled into theStory of a jackdaw-bosom of a ploughman for safety.The jackdaw was observed by hundreds of peopleknown to myself, to have every day visited theplough-man, and attended him at his work for more than"* i. e. Bent.t Her father's fondness for bees (see Introduction) may haveled his daughter to give attention to the habits of animals. Itis on this passage in her life that Mr.Whitefield comments withneedless severity. The story itself seems to be one originatingin a tradition handed down to us about the apostle John, whowas called "the Divine," or "Theologos," because of his contin-ually discoursing on the person and work of Christ, the Logos,or Word. Gambold has the following beautiful allusion to thetradition in his "Ignatius:"" I see the holinessOf John; not only in his elevationsThat struck mankind, but even when he seem'dT' express the human and the frailer side,Thus, in his playing, to unbend the mind,With a tame partridge, there's a tacit slurOn mortal care; as if he said, 'Be easy,Your projects and this play meet in a point.'"There is a curious variation, in some copies, in relating thestory that follows. We give it from the Glasgow copy of 1720,which calls the animal a bird, and names it a kae or jackdaw."A bird quite accords with the subject in hand. But other copiesread "a roe," and alter the sentences thus; "Beasts are oftenharmless and grateful, as experience lately taught us concern-ing a roe, hotly pursued. The beast fled for shelter to aplough-man, who protected it. The roe," &c. A very old copy, boundup with "The Gospel Call," in metre 1685, in Advocates' Libraryreads it thus. But such a roe in Fife, is veryunlikely,especially" to be thus unmolested for a year !" The old word kae was nodoubt mistaken for roe.

EMTLTA GEDDIE. 67a year thereafter. It went with him to church andto other places, and yet did not remain with him allnight."Observations on Being demanded what way she wasbirds, edified by birds, she answered, " Sheobserved much of the wisdom of God in their motions.For instance: birds drink not before they can fly,anda very little food serves their young at once, wrlieh ismost reasonable, seeing the dam cannot bring in somuch at one time as would suffice all that are in thenest; and, in regard all of them cry at her coming,shedivides the little accordingly. I also observe," saidshe, "how joyful they are when brought out a littlefrom their imprisonment in a cage; and if the cagehad been much dirtied, they are glad when they findthe rooms clean at their return. This brings my dutyinto my mind, and also reproves me for not retiringmore frequently to get my heart cleansed from sin,that my soul may rejoice at the returns of the Spiritof grace, who will not dwell in a polluted heart, butdelights in a clean and contrite spirit."Upon the 23d of June, 1679,Battle of Both-well Brige. Her being at dinner in a gentleman'sthoughts on God's house,where also there were severaldealings.persons of honogr and a reverenddivine, Mr. J. C.* They were all under a heavy* This may have been Mr. John Carmichael, brother of thatMr. Alezander Carmichael mentioned at page 51. As Mr.Alexander was taken at Kirkaldy, it would seem they were con-nected with Fife. The persons of honour may have been someof the godly covenanting gentry of the neighbourhood-e.g. theLaird of Reddie and Heriot of tamorney.

6S THE LIFE OFdamp, having had an account of the defeat andslaughter at Bothwell Bridge, which had befallenjust the day before. No account of particulars hadyet come to their hand, the place being above thirtymiles distant; and the most of them had relations inboth armies, whose condition, whether dead or alive,they knew not. While in this consternation, thereverend minister said, "Emilia, what think you ofthe dispensation whereof we have heard the news to.day ?" She, with a great deal of modesty and meek-ness, answered, "Sir, such a question should not beasked of a child as I am; it is more becoming thatreverend divines and ministers should answer suchquestions, and it is well that you propose them in atime suitable, that you may answer them yourself."" No, Emily," said he, " I will not take that answerat your hand; I will have you to tell me your judg-ment." But she persisted to refuse, and told him" the matter was above her capacity and considera-tion." At length the minister desired her father tointerpose his authority, which he was unwilling to do,having observed that she refused with so much dis-cretion, and yet knowing her tenderness of the leastdisobedience to parents. Yet forasmuch as the com-pany suffered by this diversion, which hindered theminister to speak for the edification of them all, hesaid, "Emily, tell your thoughts, whatever they be,and satisfy the minister and honourable company.Nothing satisfactory, in answer to such a question,can be expected from a child; yet please the company,

EMILIA GEDDIE. 69by speaking your judgment, be what it will." Then,with much gravity, she said, "Sir, it becomes notme, nor the like of me, to speak of such things; butI will tell you what presents to my thoughts concern-ing the present sad dispensation, which is heavy,whatever way we can look at it. You know, sir,that the dispensations of the Lord's providence haveordinarily two sides-one dark, and another light-some. We now see the dark side, but I hope thelightsome side will appear afterward. And thereforeall I can say for the time, in answer to your question,is, that it becomes us to be silent, and to wait uponthe Lord humbly and quietly, in the way of duty,until it please Him to discover the lightsome part.Then we may know better what to speak, and thenit may be we shall be in case to answer the questionwith satisfaction. I can add no more, only I mustagain say that I think it our duty to be silent, and towait with patience and submission until the Lordspeak further, which I pray may be in mercy to hispoor afdicted and distressed people, and to the wholeland." The reverend minister, after a little pause,said, "Emily, if I had proposed the question to anyof my reverend brethren, I would not have expecteda better answer at this time."How ministers felt Some ministers delighted to con-her words. verse with the child, and owned thatthey received a great deal of satisfaction in theseconferences; and several of these ministers wouldnot only bring in what they had heard from her at

70 THE LIFE OFconferences with other godly persons, but did alsomention them in their sermons as rare instancesfrom a child, and exemplary to the oldest and mostexperienced in the Lord's way. Many years beforewhat has been mentioned, Mr. J. W.,* a Presbyterianminister, who laboured much in the east of Fife, hadconference with her. The minister afterwards tookoccasion publicly to rebuke the formality of professingpeople. He told them that, though some amongthem could pray like printed books, yet they had not"a suitable practice,and that many of them were at best"a suspense and at a may-be, with reference to theirgracious state; they professed to be Christians, andyet knew nothing of heart work. He also upbraidedthem with some Highlanders, "Who," he said "wouldrise up in judgment, and condemn many grey-headedprofessors amongst them." He futher added, that heknew a child little more than seven years old, whowas in case to teach any one he saw thereabout."For," said he, "when I was catechising in thefamily where that child was, and had asked somequestions concerning faith, and what it really is, andwhat are the marks of saving faith, and they hadseverally given their judgments about faith and thereality of it, then I asked the child," said the minis-ter, "What think you of faith ? She gave a clearand distinct account of it, much beyond what any* As this happened when Emilia was only seven, this ministerm'ght be John Welsh of Irongray, who made journeys throughFife, and often preached in vacant churces. He was hid for afortnight in a sort of dungeon or cellar, still shewn in the oldcastle of Myres, about two miles from Falkland..

EMILIA GEDDIE. 71there present had given. In a word," said he, "shetold me the very conceptions I myself had of it.Afterwards, when conferring with her about effectualcalling, shegave avery full and distinct account, not onlyof what it is, but also how she herself had been calledefiectually."A minister's testi- The same minister, at another time,mony to her. informed how that,being in her father'sfamily, he had observed the child retiring for secretprayer, and did follow her, having put off his shoes,that he might overhear her without being observed.Upon his return,he gave this account-namely, "thathe thought there was not one expression she hadwhich came not up, as it were, from the bottom ofher soul." He was just busied in speaking further,when somewhat fell in that diverted him. He couldhave given many excellent accounts concerning her,having been frequently in her company; but they arelost through his decease.

72 THE LIFE OFCHAPTER III.THE LAST YEAR OF HER LIFE.Letter to a young SHE sought out opportunities ofady. doing good. The following is a letterwritten by her to a young lady of her own age, withwhom she had some Christian fellowship, dated inMay 1680:"MADAM,-I received yours, which is an obliga-tion added to all the rest of the kindnesses you havehonoured me with. I was desirous of a line from youto know of your health; and that you should concernyourself in my health, which, for the most part, Ihave had ever since I came from S-, blessed be theLord 0 that I could make good use of it,andworkwhile it is to-day! And 0 that I may be not foundidle in the market-place for we have a particularcommand to remember our Creator in the days of ouryouth. And seeing the Lord is allowing us encour-aging promises, whereupon we may ground our hope,O that we may hold them fast against the day oftemptation, that we may able to answer Satan'ssuggestions, and not be put from our duty. It is hisdesign to hinder us from waiting on the Lord; butthere is nothing that does so much discourage Satanas prayer and meditation. Dear madam, I hope youwill not take this freedom of mine in bad part. You

EMILIA GEDDIE. i3may call it nonsense, but the experience I have had ofyour goodness, and my earnest desire to know of yourwelfare, both in soul and body, have moved me towrite. Please to honour me with the knowledgethereof by the next. The blessings of the God ofJacob rest upon you This is the desire of her whois, madam, your humble friend and servant,"EMILIA GEDDIE."Scriltures com- She learned much of the scripturesmittedtoamemory. by heart, and could faithfullyrepeatthem, particularly the eighth chapter of the epistle tothe Romans, which she said was a whole Bible to her;also Hebrews xi., and John xv., xvi., and xvii. chap-ters; the greatest part of Solomon's Song; manychapters of Job and many Psalms, with divers otherplaces. Being asked why she was at so great painsto get so much of scripture by heart, seeing she hadthe Bible still at hand, she answered, "I fear thetime may come that I shall want it, and I cannot livewithout the precious Bible."Special peittions A little while before her last sick-in praying. ness, whesn conferring with some godlypersons about the grace and gift of prayer, she said,"I have not these two years last past bowed a knee be-fore the Lortl without some particular upon my heart."And being asked, "How could that be, seeing you aresometimes required to pray without previous warning,so that you can have no time to meditate upon anyparticular before ?" she answered, "So soon as anymention is made of prayer where I am present, I am

74 THE LIFE OFhelped to look up to the Lord, and to consider theseason wherein I am called to pray; and of a truththe Lord is so condescending to me, that he alwaysputs something in my mind either to pray for oragainst. But my meaning was chiefly concerningsecret prayer. Then I am kept observing and wait-ing what the Lord will put into my hand, and whatis taken off from my hand, as also what returns I getfrom my only Redeemer, the blessed Mediator."Calm patience in In the seventh month of the six-sickness. teenth year of her age she was as-saulted with the sickness whereof she died, being acontinued flux and gravel, both which were violent.Considering her youth and tender body, all beholdersadmired her patience, for she was observed not tohave uttered one rash word, nor to have gicen theleast evidence of impatience and weariness. Andwhen any that were with her would have said,"Emily, you had a sore night of pain and trouble,"she would have answered mildly, " No; I have beensupported." When she was asked in the morningshow it had been with her all the night, she wouldhave answered, with a pleasant countenance, "Iprayed for rest, and I got it. I see that the Lordhears prayer, and gives his beloved sleep." Andbeing-asked if she was not weary of her bed, she wouldhave answered very cheerfully, " No, for my bed isgreen (Song i. 16), and all I meet with is perfumedwith love to me. I have heard of many sick persons,who have said, when it is morning, '0 that it were

EMILIA GEDDIE. 75evening!' and when it was evening, '0 that it weremorning !' but, as for me, I must confess,to the praiseof the riches of free grace, that the time, night andday, is made sweet to me by the Lord. When it isevening it is pleasant, and when it is morning I amrefreshed." Some of the beholders observed fromthis, " Man lives not by bread alone, but by the wordof God," as it is blessed unto him.The whole time of her lying on aSupports in trouble.sick-bed, it was observed that sheheard and received the word at all times with muchlife and vigour, notwithstanding her heavy sicknessand sharp pains of the stone. All these, togetherwith the weariness of her body, were made light andeasy, "In regard," she said, "they are but moment-ary afflictions." Being asked what supported her,sheanswered, "First, I look on my trouble as the fruitof my sin, and do think it my duty to bear the indig-nation of the Lord, because I have sinned against him.Secondly, I am made to wonder that it is not andhath not been always so with me. Thirdly, I amhelped to bless the Lord, that it is not worse.Fourthly, means are used for my health, and I lookup to the Lord, that he would bless them, in so faras he shall see meet, for his glory and my comfort.Fifthly, I submit through grace to the will of God,whether for life or death. Sixthly, I have the faiththat it will be better; for I reckbn.that the afflictionsof this life are not worthy to be compared .with theglory that is to be revealed."

76 THE LIFE OFPrayerfulness, even During the six weeks of her lastwhen sick.. sickness, there was not one nightthat passed wherin she neglected to pray twicewith herattendants, unless she was discomposed bypain,inwhichcase she moved one of them to do it; and so soon asshe got any little breathing from the agony of pain,she would say, "Now it is fit we pray." While shewas in health, it was her custom to pray every nightwith any who lay with her; and when she happenedto awake in the night, she sat up a little in bed andprayed, and afterward she lay down again, composingherself to sleep till the morning. Every day whenshe arose, it was her custom to wrap herself in a night-gown, and retire to her closet, before she would clotheherself, dress, or converse with anybody, unless onnecessary occasions.Passages that re- The last month of her life, shefreshed her. would say in the mornings to thosethat were with her, "I have had a rich and sweetcluster this night !" and would have named the scrip-tures. Take for instances these few of many; "Inthe 103d Psalm, which," said she, " I had by heartin metre, I found somewhat concerning my bodilydiseases which was matter of praise, but I got not somuch of strengthening for my soul." But on onenight afterward, being much taken up with thethoughts of death, she was greatly strengthenedagainst the fears of it from that sweet passage (Matt.ix. 2,) " Be of good cheer, thy sins are forgiven thee."She thereupon expressed her joy, yet mixed with fear.

EMILIA EDWDI. 77The next day another passage was set home upon herspirit, namely, "Know that the Son of Man hathpower on earth toforgive sins" (Mark ii. 10.) "Thisscripture," said she, "came both by way of reproof,and also to persuade me to believe; and that joywhich flows from believing so filled my heart that Icannot express it." Then was that scripture bornein mind, " Speak comfortably, and cry unto her thather warfare is accomplished, and her iniquity is par-doned" (Isaiah xl. 2.) This passage comforted andconfirmed her to such a degree, that she found thefear and sting of death thereby removed. And an-other scripture served to strengthen her further,namely, "Because I live, ye shall live also. At thatday ye shall know that I am in my Father, and you inme, and I in you " (John xiv. 19,) "This," said she," I shall fully understand at the day of death." Atthis time she caused them to sing the 23d Psalm, butsaid, "My weakness is so great that I cannot singaloud; yet my heart joins with the words, and I havesuch a feeling and experimental knowledge of thatwhole psalm as helpeth me to sing it with great joyand love to the Lord." Much about that time, thepassage was borne in upon her, " Give me thy heart"(Proverbs xxiii. 26;) to which she replied, "0 reason-able demand! If I had a thousand hearts, Thou artworthy of them all who art the Lord my God,and nonehath right but thy great Self. Yet," said she, "whenI consider the nature of my heart, I wondered thatever he should have sought such a filthy puddle as

78 THE LifE orthat deceitful and desperately wicked heart of mine."apturous o On Saturday night before her death,Eapturous com-mendation of Je- she often said, "This following Sab-sus. bath will be my last in time ;" andhereupon she expressed her vehement longing after aneverlasting Sabbath. In the morning of that Lord'sday she slept till eight o'clock; and when awakenedfor a little, she asked the hour, and being told it, shereplied, "I thought to have spent this Sabbath inanother manner than to have slept so long." Afterthis she employed some time in secret prayer, andmeditation, and then broke forth into many excellentand significant words in commendation of the LordJesus, from his nature and offices, and particularlyfrom the names which are given him in scripture.For instance-the bright and morning Star, the Lionof the tribe of Judah, the Lamb slain from the foun-dation of the world, the Rock which hath followedhis people in all ages, the Chief of ten thousands;and she added, "The chief of all to me. O," saidshe, "Paul had great manifestations of the Lord Jesuswhich could not be uttered, and Rutherford hadright manifestations of Christ; but I can get nothing."Notwithstanding, sundry judicious and godly personswho were with her, thought that she scarcely missedany one of the names and titles which are given toour Lord Jesus, in the Word. She also spoke some-what concerning every one of them, to the edificationand astonishment of the hearers. Thus employed shethat Sabbath, excepting the time of secret worship.

EMILTA GEDDIW. 79Waiting for depart- About eight at night, before herure. departure, a little defluxion troubledher; whereupon her attendants called for a light,thinking she was just breathing out her last, whichperceiving, she smiled, and said, "I shall not diejust now." They answered, "How know you that?"To which she replied, "I missed that promised pres-ence,* which for many a day I have believed I shallget in the moment of death." Thus she rested, trust-ing in the unchangeable faithfulness of the God oftruth.Words to her com- A little while after, she said, " Ipanions. would fain speak to my comrades; butit can have little weight with them, as it comes fromme, for I am a child." She said briefly to them,amongst other things, "0 learn a life of holiness,spend more of your time in seeking God, and be notidle and slothful, but work with your hands." Someof them answered, "It may be said of you, You havebeen diligent in business and fervent in spirit, servingthe Lord." But she reproved them for speaking so ofher, and commanded them to hold their peace,where-upon they left speaking at that time.Afterwards she called her aunt,Words to her aunt. and desired her to entreat her motherto take supper; "for," said she, "shemay have work* Probably referring in her mind to such passages as Isaiahxliii. 2,-"When thou passest through the waters, I will be withthee;" or Psalm xxiii. 4, "Yea, though I walk through thevalley of the shadow of death, I will fear no ill, for thou artwith me; thy rod and thy staff, they comfort me."

80 'sI. LIFE erto do she knows not of, and it is necessary she shouldeat." She also entreated her aunt not to go home,but to tarry with her that night. This was contraryto her custom, for she had before this still* desired herto go home at night.Her summons The last thing more particularly observ-comes. able, which we remember, relates to some-thing she had spoken about six hours before, concern-ing what she wanted of the Lord's promised presence,and it was eminently made out about two hours beforeher death. She hadnot for some time lifted up herbody without help; but then she arose, and sat straight"up.Having lifted up her hands andshe goes out from hthe wilderess, eyes toward heaven, she prayed inleaning on the the hclring of the company,pleadingBeloved alone.the promises, saying: " Now let itbe according to thy precious word to my soul; for thereis nothing in me i" and entreated that the Lord wouldnot deal with her as she had deserved. She added," It is only upon the blood of the Lord Jesus, and theunchangeableness and faithfulness of God, that I rest."And several times she repeated, " There is nothing inme." Then she prayed for the suffering people andchurch of God, for her parents and the family; buther speech fell so low that she could not be under-stood. Then a little sack+ was given her, and shesaid, " Now, no more of the creature," and immedi-ately she desired her mother to pray. When her* Always. t Sack-wine.

EMILIA GEDDIE. 81mother was giving her up to God, she was observedto smile; and as prayer ended, she lifted up her eyes,with a pleasant countenance, and spoke a word whichwe could not hear. Then she closed her own eyesand lips, as one falling asleep; and, having stretcheddown her body, she had no motion, but slept with herfathers.Thus did this young saint take her flight to " themountain of myrrh and the hill of frankincense," onthe 2d day of February, 1681, in the sixteenth yearof her age. There she rests with her Lord, in joyunspeakable,waiting till "The Day break," when sheshall appear with Him in glory.She was born in times of persecution, and diedwhen the furnace was even seven times heated, yethers was an end of undisturbed peace. At that timeScotland was wet with the blood of her holiest men;women, too, were dragged to the scaffold for no othercrime than refusing to abjure the truth set forth inthe Covenant. The month before Emilia Geddiedied, she no doubt heard of the triumphant end ofIsabel Alison, a native of Perth, who gave her life,saying, "I lay down my life for owning and adheringto Christ's kingly office, His being a free king in hisown house." Along with her died Marion Harvie,scarcely twenty years of age, singing the 23d Psalm,and saying, "I'd rather die ten deaths than want an

82 THE LIFE OFhour of His presence."t But, on the other hand,Emilia was taken home without violence, the Lord,who hid Jeremiah and Baruch (Jer. xxxvi. 26,) keep-ing her from the hand of the oppressor. Her life waslike a stream that gently flowed between green banks,often ruffled by wild winds, and at times re-flecting the forms of armed persecutors and wearymartyrs. She was in spirit a martyr, and shall havea place in The Resurrection with those who neverworshipped the beast nor his image, nor received h'smark on her forehead or in her hand (Rev. xx. 3.)Tradition has honoured her memory, as if she hadbeen one of the greater worthies. It is told of herthat " she walked always in whites,"-a curious tradi-tion, arising from facts probably, but which seems tobe somewhat.like a mixing of the literal with thesymbolical, her life being a walking with God inwhite.Her tomb may seen in the churchyard of Falkland.It is in a small enclosure, (about which the Kirk-Ses-sion went to law with Mr. Geddie in 1682,) at theeast end of the churchyard, surrounded by a balus.trade railing on three sides, the wall forming theother part of the enclosure. It is the burying-groundof the proprietor of Hilton or Templand.The inscription on her tomb is not elegant, but it isexpressive:-t The year before, 1680, Richard Cameron had fallen at Airs-"moss. Emilia would feel pecular interest in him, he being anative of Falkland.

EMILIA GEDDIE. 83"In sepulchre within, Emelia Geddie lies.By faith in Jesus, her death did not surprise.Because by grace [she] had virtue great in sore,Her witt renewed, her life did sin abhor.She walked with God; in spirit worshippt true,Exemplarly to all her sex, age, and you.Born in the year 1665,Whom troubles then did greatly drive,Ber course was finisht in 1681,And entered glorie in due tyme."In the "Miscellany of the Abbotsford Club"(vol. 1.,) at the close of the Memoirs of John Geddie,another epitaph is given, not as written on her tomb,but as composed by some friend, and runs thus :"Most cruel death, thy hand hath no compassionOf sex or age, of quality or fashion.Thou hast bereft us of the richest gemThat ever was extracted from her stem,(Though truly good and of a virtuous race,Not any from it capable of disgrace.)Emilia 's gone to her eternal rest !Earth's ornament and nature's frame the best.Her tender years fled from these horrid times,And left them to the punishment of their crimes.Her nimble fingers were to virtue prone;Her prudence was inferior unto none.Her beauteous face was too good for to beMade prize by mortals of her chastity;So that her pious, prudent, beauteous faceDid so insinuate in her Saviour's grace,Her soul's bridegroom esteems her worth to beHis handmaid, even to all eternity;Yielding her soul's bridegroom her virgin bed,Even unto Him her soul and maidenhead."From all this, it would appear that she was evenfamed in her day for beauty and accomplishments.In the same Miscellany, the following verses aregiven as her own composition, and the reference to"Bees," of which her father (see Introduction) was sofond, countenances that idea; though the GlasgowI i. e., her whole mind.

81 THE LIFE OF EMILIA GEDDIE.copy gives it as written in her name. It may be herown in prospect of death." When Flowers do seed, the blossom dies.Young women all I do adviseTheir time on earth aright to spend,That living well, so they may end.The Bees in season food provide,Which makes them winter storms abide:Strive in your hearts grace for to plant,Death you'll surprise, if faith you want.The Trees in spring do flourish fast ;When autumn comes their leaves they cast;So whilst in youth you beauty have,It seedeth ere you go to grave."When death doth come and sceptre sway,Flowers, bees, and trees with me decay;Nothing on earth but change you see ;Seek God in fear, and he'll set you free.Parents, forbear to mourn your loss !Christ taken hath from me the cross.I hope in heaven meet we shallAnd joy of our memorial."We close by giving an acrostick, made upon her ather death by one who admired her godly character.It has been printed in some of the earlier copies, andis found in the Miscellany already referred to, thecompiler remarking that she deserved it well.E mblem of wit within this coffin lies;M1 ade peace in time, death did her not surprise.J esus redeemed her; Abraham hath received;L iving in 's bosom, hell she hath deceived.I n soul and body, of virtue was great store;A 11 vice refrained, all crime she did abhor.G race in such bulk no more could be contained;E nding her life, true Presbytery maintained,D eterred at Popery, she prelates wouldsupplant,D esired adherence to the good Covenant.I n heaven with saints, though not by her own merit,E ternal rest her soul doth now inherit.

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