Front Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Note by the editor
 Table of Contents
 General map of the countries mentioned...
 Old testament
 New Testament
 Parables of Jesus
 The miracles of Jesus
 Bible chronology
 Synchronical tables of the kings...
 Back Cover

Group Title: Young people's illustrated Bible history : being a simple and attractive account of the great events mentioned in the Old and New Testaments, comprising also the lives of the patriarchs, of Christ and His Apostles, and of the remarkable women and children mentioned in the sacred volume, each section closing with appropriate moral reflections ; also an appendix, containing instructive tables and other valuable matter
Title: Young people's illustrated Bible history
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00025044/00001
 Material Information
Title: Young people's illustrated Bible history being a simple and attractive account of the great events mentioned in the Old and New Testaments, comprising also the lives of the patriarchs, of Christ and His Apostles, and of the remarkable women and children mentioned in the sacred volume, each section closing with appropriate moral reflections ; also an appendix, containing instructive tables and other valuable matter
Physical Description: xxx, 584, 5, 4, 3 p., 15 leaves of plates : ill., map, plans ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Bond, Alvan, 1793-1882 ( Editor )
Bill, Henry, 1824-1891 ( Publisher )
McRea, John C ( Engraver )
Overbeck, Johann Friedrich, 1789-1869 ( Illustrator )
Köhler, Karl, 1825-1876 ( Illustrator )
Le Jeune, H ( Illustrator )
Ziegler, J ( Illustrator )
Hubner, J ( Illustrator )
Sears, E ( Engraver )
Rand, Avery & Frye ( Printer )
Fisk & Russell ( Engraver )
Lossing & Barritt ( Engraver )
Publisher: Henry Bill
Place of Publication: Norwich Conn
Manufacturer: Rand, Avery & Frye
Publication Date: 1870, c1869
Copyright Date: 1869
Subject: Bible stories, English -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Christian life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Publishers' catalogues -- 1870   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1870
Genre: Publishers' catalogues   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Connecticutt -- Norwich
United States -- New York -- New York
Statement of Responsibility: with an introduction by the American editor, Alvan Bond.
General Note: "Illustrated with numerous elegant engravings by the most eminent artists; accompanied with an accurate map of the countries of the Bible."
General Note: Some illustrations engraved by John C. McRea after Overbeck, Kohler, H. Le Jeune, J. Ziegler, and J. Hubner; also engraved by E. Sears, Lossing & Barritt and a col. map by Fisk & Russell, New York.
General Note: Publisher's catalogue follows text.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00025044
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002222712
notis - ALG2958
oclc - 57439864

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
        Page i
    Half Title
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Title Page
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
        Page xiii
        Page xiv
        Page xv
        Page xvi
        Page xvii
        Page xviii
        Page xix
        Page xx
        Page xxi
    Note by the editor
        Page xxii
    Table of Contents
        Page xxiii
        Page xxiv
        Page xxv
        Page xxvi
        Page xxvii
        Page xxviii
        Page xxix
        Page xxx
        Page xxxi
    General map of the countries mentioned in the Bible
        Page xxxii
    Old testament
        Page 25
        The creation
            Page 25
        The beginning of sin
            Page 26
        Cain and Abel
            Page 27
        The deluge
            Page 28
            Page 28a
            Page 29
            Page 30
            Page 31
        Abram's vision
            Page 32
            Page 32
            Page 33
        The angel's visit
            Page 34
        Sodom destroyed
            Page 35
            Page 36
        Isaac's family
            Page 37
            Page 38
        Jacob and Esau
            Page 39
            Page 40
        Jacob with Laban
            Page 41
            Page 42
        Jacob at Bethel
            Page 43
        Joseph and his brethren
            Page 44
            Page 45
        Joseph in prison
            Page 46
        Pharaoh's dreams
            Page 47
            Page 48
        Benjamin sent to Egypt
            Page 49
            Page 50
        Jacob in Egypt
            Page 51
        Jacob's death
            Page 52
        An example of patience
            Page 53
            Page 54
        Job in trouble
            Page 55
        Job and his friends
            Page 56
            Page 57
            Page 58
        The benefit of affliction
            Page 59
        The cruel king
            Page 60
            Page 61
        The best riches
            Page 62
        The burning bush
            Page 63
            Page 64
        The first four plagues
            Page 65
        More plagues
            Page 66
            Page 67
        The departure of the Israelites
            Page 68
        Pharaoh drowned
            Page 69
            Page 70
        Food in the desert
            Page 71
            Page 72
        Jethro's visit
            Page 73
        Mount Sinai
            Page 74
        The first four commandments
            Page 75
            Page 76
        The six last commandments
            Page 77
        The law
            Page 78
        The golden calf
            Page 79
        The idolators punished
            Page 80
        The new tables
            Page 81
        The tabernacle
            Page 82
            Page 83
        The priest's garments
            Page 84
        The priests
            Page 85
        The sacrifices and feasts
            Page 86
            Page 87
        The jubilee
            Page 88
        Nadab and Abihu
            Page 89
        The moving of the camp
            Page 90
            Page 91
        The quails
            Page 92
        The spies
            Page 93
        The Sabbath-breaker
            Page 94
        The rebellion of Korah
            Page 95
            Page 96
        Aaron's rod
            Page 97
        The death of Miriam
            Page 98
        The striking of the rock
            Page 98
        The fiery serpents
            Page 99
            Page 100
            Page 101
        Balaam's ass
            Page 102
        Balaam's prophecy
            Page 103
        The death of Moses
            Page 104
            Page 105
            Page 106
        Jericho taken
            Page 107
            Page 107
            Page 108
        The Gibeonites
            Page 109
        The kings conquered
            Page 110
            Page 111
        The division of Canaan
            Page 112
        The cities of refuge
            Page 113
        The death of Joshua
            Page 114
        King Eglon
            Page 115
        Death of Sisera
            Page 116
        The Midianites
            Page 117
            Page 118
        Baal's altar
            Page 119
        The little army
            Page 120
            Page 121
        The night before the battle
            Page 122
        Gideon's victory
            Page 123
            Page 124
            Page 125
            Page 126
            Page 127
        Samson's feast
            Page 128
        Samson and the Philistines
            Page 129
        Samson taken
            Page 130
        Samson's death
            Page 131
        Naomi and Ruth
            Page 132
            Page 132a
            Page 133
        The harvest field
            Page 134
            Page 135
        Hannah's prayer
            Page 136
        Little Samuel
            Page 137
        Samuel called
            Page 138
        Eli's sons
            Page 139
        Eli's death
            Page 140
        Dagon and the ark
            Page 141
        The ark
            Page 142
            Page 143
        The new king
            Page 144
            Page 145
        Saul made king
            Page 146
        Samuel's warning
            Page 147
        Samuel's disobedience
            Page 148
            Page 149
        The amalekites
            Page 150
            Page 151
        Jesse's sons
            Page 152
        David's harp
            Page 153
            Page 154
            Page 155
        The two friends
            Page 156
        Saul's hatred to David
            Page 157
        David at Ramah
            Page 158
        David's escape
            Page 159
            Page 160
        David at Nob
            Page 161
        The priests killed
            Page 162
        David's wanderings
            Page 163
        Saul in the cave
            Page 164
        Nabal and Abigail
            Page 165
        David's kindness to Saul
            Page 166
            Page 167
        David at Ziklag
            Page 168
        Ziklag burnt
            Page 169
        The witch of Endor
            Page 170
        The death of Saul
            Page 171
            Page 172
        King David
            Page 173
        David's happiness
            Page 174
        The ark brought back
            Page 175
        God's promise to David
            Page 176
            Page 177
        David's sin
            Page 178
            Page 179
            Page 180
            Page 181
            Page 182
        David's flight
            Page 183
            Page 184
            Page 185
        The Gibeonites avenged
            Page 186
        The numbering of the people
            Page 187
            Page 188
        David's death
            Page 189
            Page 190
        King Solomon
            Page 191
        The two mothers
            Page 192
        Solomon's wisdom
            Page 193
        The temple
            Page 194
            Page 195
        The queen of Sheba
            Page 196
        The vanity of the world
            Page 197
        The rebellion of the ten tribes
            Page 198
        Rehoboam and Jeroboam
            Page 199
            Page 200
        The disobedient prophet
            Page 201
            Page 202
        Jeroboam's son
            Page 203
        King Asa
            Page 204
            Page 205
            Page 206
        The wicked kings of Israel
            Page 207
        The brook Cherith
            Page 208
        The widow of Zarephath
            Page 209
            Page 210
        Baal's prophets
            Page 211
            Page 212
        Elijah in the wilderness
            Page 213
        Elijah at Horeb
            Page 214
            Page 215
            Page 216
        Naboth's vineyard
            Page 217
            Page 218
        Ahab's death
            Page 219
            Page 220
        King Jehoshaphat
            Page 221
        King Ahaziah
            Page 222
            Page 223
        Elijah taken to heaven
            Page 224
            Page 225
        Wicked children punished
            Page 226
        The Moabites conquered
            Page 227
            Page 228
        The pot of oil
            Page 229
            Page 230
        The good Shunammite
            Page 231
            Page 232
        The prophets fed
            Page 233
            Page 234
        The little maid
            Page 235
            Page 236
            Page 237
            Page 238
            Page 239
        The borrowed axe
            Page 240
        Elisha protected
            Page 241
        The famine in Samaria
            Page 242
            Page 243
        Plenty in Samaria
            Page 244
            Page 245
        The Shunammite's possessions given back
            Page 246
        Ben-hadad's death
            Page 247
            Page 248
        Jehoram, king of Judah
            Page 249
        Ahaziah, king of Judah
            Page 250
        Jehu made king
            Page 251
            Page 252
        Ahab's family destroyed
            Page 253
        The little King saved
            Page 254
            Page 255
        Joash, king of Judah
            Page 256
        Jehu's reign
            Page 257
            Page 258
        The end of Joash
            Page 259
            Page 260
            Page 261
        The death of Elisha
            Page 262
            Page 263
        Jonah's disobedience
            Page 264
        The storm
            Page 265
            Page 266
        Jonah saved
            Page 267
            Page 268
        The gourd
            Page 269
        King Uzziah
            Page 270
            Page 271
        The last kings of Israel
            Page 272
        The prisoners sent home
            Page 273
        Comfort in times of sorrow
            Page 274
            Page 275
        The captivity of the ten tribes
            Page 276
            Page 277
            Page 278
            Page 279
        The passover kept
            Page 280
        Sennacherib's army destroyed
            Page 281
            Page 282
        Hezekiah's illness
            Page 283
        Hezekiah's pride
            Page 284
            Page 285
            Page 286
        The temple repaired
            Page 287
            Page 288
            Page 289
        The warning of Jeremiah
            Page 290
            Page 291
        An example of obedience
            Page 292
        The Rechabites
            Page 293
            Page 294
        The roll burnt
            Page 295
            Page 296
        The young captives
            Page 297
            Page 298
        The four great empires
            Page 299
            Page 300
            Page 301
        The fiery furnace
            Page 302
            Page 303
        Jeremiah imprisoned
            Page 304
            Page 305
        Judgment upon Judah
            Page 306
            Page 307
            Page 308
        The seventy years' captivity
            Page 309
            Page 310
        Nebuchadnezzar's dream
            Page 311
            Page 312
            Page 313
        Belshazzar's feast
            Page 314
            Page 315
            Page 316
            Page 316a
        Daniel in the lions' den
            Page 317
            Page 318
            Page 319
        The return of the captives
            Page 320
            Page 321
            Page 322
        The new temple
            Page 323
            Page 324
        Queen Vashti
            Page 325
        The new queen
            Page 326
            Page 327
            Page 328
        The Jews in danger
            Page 329
            Page 330
        Esther's feast
            Page 331
            Page 332
        The restless night
            Page 333
            Page 334
        Haman punished
            Page 335
            Page 336
        The Jews delivered
            Page 337
        Ezra's prayer
            Page 338
            Page 339
        The repentance of the people
            Page 340
            Page 341
            Page 342
        The walls built
            Page 343
        The defense of Nehemiah
            Page 344
        Nehemiah's kindness
            Page 345
        The plots of Sanballat
            Page 346
            Page 347
        The law explained
            Page 348
        Nehemiah's return
            Page 349
            Page 350
        The prophet Malachi
            Page 351
            Page 352
    New Testament
        Page 353
        The coming of Christ
            Page 353
        The Jews
            Page 354
        Zacharias and Elizabeth
            Page 355
        The Virgin Mary
            Page 356
            Page 357
        The birth of John the Baptist
            Page 358
        The birth of Christ
            Page 359
        The shepherds
            Page 360
        Simeon and Anna
            Page 361
        The wise men
            Page 362
            Page 363
        The children of Bethlehem
            Page 364
            Page 364a
        Jesus with the doctors
            Page 365
            Page 366
        John the Baptist
            Page 367
            Page 368
        Jesus baptised
            Page 369
        The temptation
            Page 370
            Page 371
        The lambs of God
            Page 372
        Disciples brought to Jesus
            Page 373
            Page 374
        Water made wine
            Page 375
        The temple cleansed
            Page 376
            Page 377
            Page 378
        John the Baptist imprisoned
            Page 379
        The woman of Samaria
            Page 380
            Page 381
        The nobleman's son
            Page 382
            Page 382a
        Jesus at Nazareth
            Page 383
        The fishermen of Galilee
            Page 384
            Page 385
        A devil cast out
            Page 386
        The leper
            Page 387
        The sick of the palsy
            Page 388
        Matthew called
            Page 389
        The pool of Bethesda
            Page 390
        The withered hand
            Page 391
            Page 392
        The twelve apostles
            Page 393
        The lord's prayer
            Page 394
            Page 395
            Page 396
            Page 396a
        The flowers of the field
            Page 397
        The narrow way
            Page 398
        The two builders
            Page 399
        The centurion
            Page 400
        The widow's son
            Page 401
        Encouragement for the humble
            Page 402
            Page 403
        Rest for the weary
            Page 404
        The penitent woman
            Page 405
        The Pharisees unbelief
            Page 406
        The family of Jesus
            Page 407
        The rich worldling
            Page 408
        The fig-tree without fruit
            Page 409
        The sower
            Page 410
        The wheat and the tares
            Page 411
        More parables
            Page 412
            Page 413
        The storm calmed
            Page 414
        The legion
            Page 415
        The ruler's daughter
            Page 416
            Page 417
        The death of John the Baptist
            Page 418
            Page 419
        The five thousand fed
            Page 420
        Jesus walking on the sea
            Page 421
        The gentile woman
            Page 422
        The deaf and dumb man
            Page 423
            Page 424
        Peter's confession
            Page 425
        The transfiguration
            Page 426
        An evil spirit cast out
            Page 427
        The tribute-money
            Page 428
        A lesson of humility
            Page 429
        The unkind servant
            Page 430
        The man who was born blind
            Page 431
            Page 432
        The good shepherd
            Page 433
        The good samaritan
            Page 434
        The cripple healed
            Page 435
        The great supper
            Page 436
        Mercy for the penitent
            Page 437
            Page 438
            Page 439
        The steward
            Page 440
        The rich man and the beggar
            Page 441
            Page 442
        The ten lepers
            Page 443
        Parables on prayer
            Page 444
        The good part
            Page 445
            Page 446
            Page 447
        Little children brought to Jesus
            Page 448
        The young ruler
            Page 449
        The laborers in the vineyard
            Page 450
        The blind beggar
            Page 451
            Page 452
        The box of ointment
            Page 453
        Jesus going to Jerusalem
            Page 454
            Page 455
        The wicked husbandmen
            Page 456
        The marriage garment
            Page 457
        The widow's offering
            Page 458
            Page 458a
        The fall of Jerusalem
            Page 459
            Page 460
        The ten virgins
            Page 461
        The talents
            Page 462
            Page 463
        The last supper
            Page 464
            Page 465
            Page 466
            Page 467
            Page 468
            Page 469
        Peter's sin
            Page 470
        The end of Judas
            Page 471
        Pontius Pilate
            Page 472
        Christ crucified
            Page 473
            Page 474
        The death of Christ
            Page 475
            Page 476
            Page 476a
        Jesus buried
            Page 477
        The resurrection
            Page 478
            Page 479
        The walk to Emmaus
            Page 480
            Page 481
        The unbelieving disciple
            Page 482
        Peter's death foretold
            Page 483
            Page 484
        The ascension
            Page 485
            Page 486
        The new apostle
            Page 487
        The day of Pentecost
            Page 488
            Page 489
        The lame man healed
            Page 490
            Page 491
        Ananias and Sapphira
            Page 492
        The Apostles persecuted
            Page 493
            Page 494
        The first martyr
            Page 495
            Page 496
            Page 497
        Simon the sorcerer
            Page 498
            Page 499
        Philip and the Eunuch
            Page 500
            Page 501
        Saul of Tarsus
            Page 502
            Page 503
            Page 504
            Page 505
            Page 506
            Page 507
            Page 508
        The first Christians
            Page 509
        Peter delivered from prison
            Page 510
            Page 511
        Paul the Apostle
            Page 512
            Page 513
        Paul at Lystra
            Page 514
        The parting of Paul and Barnabas
            Page 515
            Page 516
            Page 516a
        Paul at Philippi
            Page 517
            Page 518
            Page 519
        Paul at Athens
            Page 520
            Page 521
        Paul at Corinth
            Page 522
            Page 523
        Paul at Ephesus
            Page 524
            Page 524a
            Page 525
        Paul at Troas and Miletus
            Page 526
            Page 527
        Paul at Jerusalem
            Page 528
            Page 529
        Paul before the council
            Page 530
            Page 531
        Paul before agrippa
            Page 532
            Page 532a
            Page 533
        Paul on the sea
            Page 534
            Page 535
        Paul at Melita and Rome
            Page 536
        Philemon and Onesimus
            Page 537
            Page 538
            Page 539
        The seven churches
            Page 540
            Page 540a
            Page 541
        The book of revelation
            Page 542
            Page 543
            Page 544
    Parables of Jesus
        Page 553
        Page 554
        Page 555
        Page 556
    The miracles of Jesus
        Page 557
        Page 558
        Page 559
        Page 560
        Page 561
        Page 562
    Bible chronology
        Page 563
        Page 564
        Page 565
        Page 566
        Page 567
        Page 568
        Page 569
        Page 570
        Page 571
        Page 572
        Page 573
        Page 574
        Page 575
        Page 576
        Page 577
        Page 578
        Page 579
        Page 580
        Page 581
    Synchronical tables of the kings of Judah and Israel
        Page 582
        Page 583
        Page 584
        Page 585
        Page 586
        Page 587
        Page 588
        Page 589
        Page 590
        Page 591
        Page 592
        Page 593
        Page 594
        Page 595
        Page 596
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text
f /


































Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1869, by
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the District of Connecticut.



I HE brief historic lessons contained in this book, were at
first prepared for the instruction of an unfortunate young
person, who was deprived of all opportunity for the
Acquisition of knowledge by his own unaided efforts. The
Successful result suggested the idea of publishing them for
(i the benefit, not only of those who may be subjected to like
unfortunate disabilities, but for others, whose circumstances
have been such as to admit only of a very limited degree of
intellectual culture. The si.pliity, that will be perceived in the
composition of the lessons derived from the historic Scriptures,
will be accounted for by the circumstances connected with their original design.
This quality, however, will, it is believed, impart a value and charm to the
book, that will commend it not only to the young and the unlearned, but to
Bible readers of mature years and liberal culture.
As an INTRODUCTION to the following collection of Scriptural Lessons, it is
proposed to offer some REASONS, showing the superior claims of the Bible to
the earnest attention, study, and belief of all classes, whether learned or un-
learned, young or old; inasmuch as all are equally concerned in the momentous
truths and teachings it reveals. The community is inundated with reading
matter, journals, magazines, romances, histories, philosophies, &c., and the ten-
dency is to neglect the Holy Word of God, as though its mission were ended,
and the mighty themes, of which it treats, were obsolete. Whatever is done,
therefore, to render Bible reading more attractive, and to revive an interest in
the sublime truths of Divine Revelation, will be regarded with favor by all
who believe in these truths, the knowledge of which surpasses in real impor-
tance all other kinds of knowledge.
The BIBLE embraces a collection of books, written, as is claimed, by holy
men, who were inspired of God. It includes both the Old and the New Tes-
taments. The contents of this Sacred Book come under a two-fold division,


viz.: Doctrinal and Historical. The work before us is confined principally to
the latter division.
While the doctrinal portions of the Bible have received earnest thought and
searching investigation on the part of theologians and scholars, the historical
parts have been passed over with less attention than may be claimed for them
on the ground of their important relation to the Church of God, to say noth-
ing of their instructive and practical value. There is the same evidence that
the Bible histories were selected and arranged under the guidance of the Holy
Spirit, as there is that the doctrinal and prophetic writings were so given.
"All scripture is given by inspiration of God."
From the testimony of Josephus it appears, that the public records of the
Jews were kept by the priests and other persons who were appointed as
depositaries of the same, and that the sacred writers occasionally refer to them,
as containing testimony to the facts in their narratives, and a more minute
detail of particulars, which they omit as unnecessary to their purpose. For
example, see reference to The Book of Jasher," Josh. x. 13; 2 Sam. i. 18, and
to "The Book of the Wars of the Lord," Numb. xxi. 14.
"The object of the historical books was to communicate instruction to the
chosen people, and to mankind in general; and to illustrate the nature of God's
providence in small as well as in great occurrences, in particular instances as
well as in general appointments; they therefore often descend from the great
outline of national concerns to the minute detail of private life. The relations,
however, of individual events, that are occasionally interspersed, are highly
interesting, and admirably develop the designs of the Almighty, and the char-
acter of those times to which they are respectively assigned. Those seeming
digressions likewise, in which the sacred writers have recorded such remarkable
events as related to particular personages, or such occurrences in foreign coun-
tries as tended to affect the interests of the Hebrew nation, are not only
valuable for the religious spirit which they breathe, but are to be admired as
strictly consistent with the sacred plan." (See Introduction to Starkhouse's
History, &c., Glasgow Ed., 1842.)
Among the various reasons, showing the claims of the Sacred Scriptures to
our earnest attention and belief, the first place must be assigned to the EVI-
DENCES of their Divine authority. It is not proposed to go into an elaborate
argument for their Divine authority, but simply to notice some obvious facts,
on which the evidence of the inspiration and authority of the revealed
Scriptures rests.
One fact, worthy of notice, is the wonderful preservation of the Sacred
Writings amidst the changes and revolutions of ages. Portions of them were
composed more than three thousand years ago. No other historical writings,
known to us, are. so old by a thousand years. The books of the Old Testa-
ment were in the exclusive possession of the' Jews, so long as their independent
nationality continued. But as the art of printing was unknown, comparatively
few copies were in existence at any one time, and these were mostly deposited


ij the tabernacle, temple, or synagogue. The later wars and domestic revolu-
tions, suffered by the Jewish nation, involved to a great extent the destruction
of their homes, their cities, their sanctuaries, and hundreds of thousands of
lives; but their Holy Books were preserved amidst the common ruin. When
Antiochus Epiphanes captured Jerusalem he attempted to destroy every copy
and fragment of the Jewish Scriptures. A few copies, however, escaped the
ravages of the Desolater," and were carried away by the captive Jews.
During their long captivity in a heathen land, their forms of worship were
interrupted and their national institutions destroyed; but the Providence of
God watched over the Holy Scriptures and preserved them unharmed.
Another fact, bearing on the evidence that these Sacred Writings are of su-
perhuman origin, is their being preserved unaltered. Other writings have been
mutilated and changed from their original form. Not so the Bible. The
Jews cherished such profound reverence for their Sacred Books, that the
utmost care and pains were taken by copyists to avoid the slightest mistake or
alteration in the copies they made. The omission or addition of a single letter,
if discovered, would vitiate the manuscript, and cause it to be condemned.
Some three hundred years before Christ the Old Testament was, by order of
Ptolemy Philadelphus, an Egyptian king, translated from the Hebrew into
Greek, on which work seventy scholars were employed. This ancient version,
quoted often by the apostles, on being compared with the original, and also
with our version as now received, is found to agree with the same in all impor-
tant particulars. There have been collected from many quarters several
hundred manuscripts, some of them written as early as the fourth century, one
of the oldest being very recently discovered in the convent of Mount Sinai, all
which, on being critically examined and compared, are found to agree with
each other in all essential points, as it respects history and doctrine. Thus
may the care of a protecting Providence be clearly recognized in the circum-
stances which have prevented all such changes in the text of the Scriptures, as
would obscure, or render doubtful the original reading. While contemporary
works, embodying the productions of human wisdom and learning, have long
since been irrecoverably lost, or so changed as to make them worthless, the
Bible has been wonderfully preserved from loss, mutilation, or alteration,
through thousands of years down to the present time. As another has said,
"Cities fall, kingdoms come to nothing, empires fade away as the smoke. But
that the Bible no tyrant should have been able to consume, no tradition to
choke, no heretic maliciously to corrupt; that it should unto this day, amid
the wreck of all that is human, without the alteration of one sentence, so as to
change the doctrine taught therein; surely here is a very singular Providence,
claiming our attention in a most remarkable manner." How true, that the
Word of the Lord endureth forever."
The evidence for the Divine authority of the Holy Scriptures is confirmed by
the fact of the harmony of their teachings and statements. It is known that
they were written by many men, who lived in different provinces, and in differ-


ent ages. These men belonged to different classes, and possessed different
degrees of culture. Among them were kings, prophets, legislators, priests,
shepherds, publicans, fishermen, &c. That men who lived in lands so remote
from each other, and in times between which centuries rolled, and under many
forms of government, with various degrees of mental culture, should so harmo-
nize with each other in their, teachings and oracles, shows most conclusively,
that they must have been guided by the unerring inspiration of the Holy
Spirit. On no other ground can the fact be explained, that so many fallible
men under such circumstances should have avoided all disagreements, and pre--
served such unity in their voluminous writings.
Another consideration bearing on this point is the peculiar nature of the sub-
jects on which they wrote. These subjects related to the existence, character,
and government of God; the creation of the world, the origin, nature, duty,
fall, and destiny of man; the two dispensations of religion, the Mosaic and the
Christian,-subjects unlike any recognized in human history or philosophy;
and yet the sacred writers, living under different dispensations and civilizations,
have evinced a unity of spirit and purpose,-a harmony in their teachings and
revelations,-forming a system of heavenly truth which challenges the hom-
age and faith of mankind. Such a fact as this can be satisfactorily explained
on no other principle than the presence and agency of a supernatural inspira-
tion. Greek and Roman philosophers in times of classic civilization and art
abounded in contradictions, inconsistencies, and absurdities, in treating subjects
of morality and religion. The world by wisdom knew not God." On the
other hand, the sacred writers, both in the Old and New Testaments, have
shown that they were moved and guided by one Spirit, and in the consistency
and drift of their teachings have commended themselves to the confidence and
admiration of the wise and good of all ages.
The Divine origin of the Scriptures becomes evident from the characteristics
which distinguish them from all human writings. One of these characteristics
is uncompromising truthfulness. The candid reader of the Bible cannot but
be impressed with the conviction, that the sacred historians aimed to give a
true and impartial record of the events and transactions which occurred in
their times and in their nation. In no instance did they betray such partiality
for their own people, as to prevent their telling the whole truth respecting
their conduct. The corruptions and the evils of the times were exposed with
a fidelity to history as candid and truthful as it was bold and faithful. The
lives and conduct of patriarchs, priests, rulers, and other classes of people,
were exhibited in the light of truth and fact, however humiliating to national
pride and reputation. Their own personal faults were mentioned without
attempts at concealment or palliation. The sins and errors of Abraham, of
Jacob, of.Moses, of David, of Solomon, of Peter, are faithfully narrated. In
view of facts, which so distinguish the sacred writers from all other historians,
we must infer that they wrote under the influence of a very different inspira-
tion from that which has inspired the muse of profane history.




The spirit of love pervades the sacred writings as a prominent element. The
sacred writers ever showed themselves to be unselfish, unambitious men, whose
aim was to do good to others. In pursuance of this generous purpose they
made great sacrifices, they endured persecutions, trials, privations, and labors;
and in some instances they showed a heroic devotion to the good of their
fellow men that was ready to die for them. Moses, for example, exiled himself
from the privileges, pleasures and honors of the court of Egypt, for the sake
of espousing the cause of an oppressed people. For them he labored and
prayed, and by his intensely earnest intercessions he was instrumental in
averting from them the menacing judgments of an offended God. He was
willing to be blotted out of the book of God, if this were necessary to the sal-
vation of the people whose cause he had espoused. We find in Elijah, Isaiah,
Jeremiah, and Daniel, men of the same stamp-men in whose bosoms love for
their people glowed with undying ardor. The same was true of the apostles.
Paul was so intensely desirous of the salvation of his brethren after the flesh,
that he would consent to be accursed from Christ, if this might be the means
of saving them from their impending doom. With the like spirit the apostle
John says, We ought to lay down our lives for the brethren." In these ex-
amples do we not perceive the working of a more than earthly love ? Such
love pervades the Bible, and shows that the men, in whose lives and actions
such a spirit runs, were influenced by unearthly aims, divine impulses.
The God of the Bible, unlike the deities revealed by man's wisdom, is repre-
sented as being LOVE itself. '" God so loved the world, that he gave his only
begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish but have ever-
lasting life." God so loved the world. It was a love different from, and su-
perior to, ttat general benevolence witnessed in the gifts of Providence. It
was a sacriyfcing love, influenced by which he gave his Son to labor, and to suf-
fer, and die for guilty man. This sublime idea could never have possessed the
mind, save as it was revealed by a Divine inspiration. And in the life of the
only-begotten Son we have a wonderful manifestation of love, love unparalleled
in nature and degree. Impelled by it he endured the cross. While we were
sinners Christ died for us. The revelation of such love must be traced to a
higher source than the wisdom of this world. It carries with it the evidence
of a Divine original. Such love as is revealed in the lives and teachings of the
holy men of the Bible,-such love as that predicated of God, and witnessed in
the life of Jesus, forming as it does a pervading element of the Sacred Scrip-
tures, proves these Scriptures to be Divine in their origin.
Another characteristic of Bible instruction is holiness. This element, as a
distinguishing feature, pervades the laws, precepts, exhortations, psalms, doc-
trines, and prophecies of the Bible. And when God is introduced as the object
of love and worship, he is invested with an atmosphere of holiness. Worship
at his holy hill; for the Lord our God is holy." The things prohibited, and
the duties required, show that the pages of the Sacred Word are luminous
with the pure light of holiness. It is this peculiarity that makes the Bible an


object of aversion with wicked men. They hate the light of sacred truth, and
will not come to it, because it exposes their deeds of evil. This feature
imparts to it a majesty and force which distinguish it from all other books, and
strengthen the argument for its Divine inspiration.
A fact peculiar to the Scriptures is the supreme regard they express for the
honor and glory of God. They breathe a spirit of reverential piety that exalts
Jehovah, as the object of supreme love, loyalty, and praise. The men of God,
such men as Moses, David, Isaiah, Daniel, Paul, John, and Peter, disclaim all
credit for their works of faith and labors of love, ascribing all to God. Their
devout acknowledgment is,-" Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto
thy name give glory." Very different is the spirit that pervades the views of
men in general. They praise themselves for what they think is praise-
worthy. And they glorify their fellow-men for such deeds of heroism, for such
achievements and enterprises, as tend to inspire popular admiration. Histo-
rians, poets, eulogists, limit their utterances to human instrumentalities and
agencies, when speaking of the signal deeds of illustrious men. God and
Providence are ignored. How very different the spirit that pervades the sacred
writings. In them, whatever is great, and laudable, and noble, is ascribed to
God. Jesus prayed,-" Father, glorify thy name." The same spirit is exhibited
in the teachings of the sacred writers, a fact which shows that they spake and
wrote as moved by the Holy Ghost.
The characteristics thus enumerated, as distinguishing the writings of the
Bible, show most conclusively that it is the WORD OF GOD. Take the one
sublime statement with which the teachings of the Bible are introduced,-" In
the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." Here is recognized
the unity of the Godhead, and this theology is with marvelous consistency car-
ried along through all the writings of the Old Testament. Living, as the
sacred writers did, amidst the surroundings of polytheism, they strenuously
and persistently maintained the great cardinal truth, that the Lord Jehovah,
the Creator of the world, was one God. How can such a fact be accounted for
except on the ground that these holy men, patriarchs, prophets, and psalmists,
were guided in their sublime utterances from age to age by a supernatural
influence, which led them into the truth.
Let us pass on to another source of evidence for the Divine authority of the
Bible, viz.: the prophetical writings. No one will claim that mere human fore-
sight can look down the ages, and tell of events of which there is no visible
sign. But there are found scattered through the Scriptures from Moses to
Malachi, predictions of signal events a long time before their fulfilment. New
and increasing evidences of the truthfulness of these eminent prophecies are
furnished by modern researches among the ruins of buried cities, whose
destruction was foretold long before it took place.
The splendid capital of the Assyrian empire, Nineveh, must have seemed as
though it might resist every hostile assault, and flourish for ages, at the time
when Nahum and Zephaniah predicted its destruction,-the one 645, and the



other 630 years B. C. These predictions specified details, circumstances, and
agencies, in connection with which its overthrow would be effected. Improba-
ble as these predictions must have appeared when uttered, they received literal
fulfilment about 606 years B. C. The city was then laid waste, its noble mon-
uments overthrown, and its inhabitants dispersed and carried into captivity.
The ruins, which have been discovered by modern explorations, and which
attest the magnificence of this ancient city, furnish historic illustration and
confirmation of the ancient prophecies, and prove that they must have been
revealed to the men by whom they were uttered. A heathen historian, who
must have been ignorant of the Hebrew Scriptures, has given a narrative
of the destruction of this great city, comprising all that was foretold.
Babylon was once the glory of kingdoms,-the proud metropolis of the
world; it was so when its doom was announced by Isaiah and Jeremiah. In
the predictions uttered, the nations are specified by whom the city would be
besieged and conquered, and the name of the conqueror was given, a hundred
years before he was born, and the circumstances are noted that would accom-
pany its overthrow. Improbable as the prophetic utterances seemed at first, as
the course of time swept on, the things spoken by the prophets came to pass.
Subsequent history has confirmed their truthfulness, and the ruins of this
mighty kingdom, as brought to light by modern antiquarians, add unanswera-
ble testimony to the evidence, that all Scripture is given by inspiration
of God.
The doom of Tyre, the extermination of the Edomites, the desolation of
Egypt, and especially the singular fortunes of the Hebrew nation,-as foretold
by different prophets, attest the divinity of the prophetical writings, and
strengthen the general argument for the supernatural origin of the entire Bible.
The facts contained in the history of the Jews, as developed through a long
course of ages, show in a most conclusive manner, that the spirit of prophecy
pervades, and gives authority to the sacred writings. The growth of this peo-
ple from a very humble origin, their peculiar nationality, their deliverance
from Egyptian oppression, their possession of the land of Canaan, their
institutions, their civil wars, their captivity, their restoration, their subjugation
to Roman dominion, and their final destruction hs a nation, and more than all,
their continued existence as an isolated race, show with singular particularity
the truthfulness of the many predictions uttered by Moses and other prophets
respecting them, making their historic record of unparalleled vicissitudes a
standing monument, like a lone pillar in the desert, attesting the Divine
authority of the Bible.
The prophecies cited in the foregoing remarks, form only a small part of
what are contained in the Scriptures. As a whole, they constituted an antici-
pative history of the world, so far as such history stood related to the church.
They have been in a continued course of fulfilment during successive genera-
rations to the present time. Whence, we may inquire, this accurate foresight
of future events ? Not from the foreseeing wisdom of men, for they know not



what shall be on the morrow. We infer, therefore, that it could only have
been possessed as a special gift from the omniscient God. Hence the Bible,
which contains a record of these prophetic visions, must be a Divine book-
the Word of God.
The argument for this conclusion is fortified by the moral influence of the
Scriptures. From the past, as well as the present history of the world, the
fact cannot be questioned, that Bible knowledge has exerted a marked influence
for good on the governments, laws, civilizations, institutions, and social condi-
tion of states and communities, and on the character of individuals.
History shows, that where there has been no Divine revelation, and conse-
quently no clear knowledge of the only true God, governments have been
established and laws enacted with a view, not to the good of subjects, but to
the enthronement in seats of power of selfish, ambitious, unscrupulous rulers.
The reign of oppression has been absolute and grinding wherever the Bible
has been unknown. The old civilizations of the world, such as existed in
Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Persia, Greece, and Rome, though under them arts
and architecture flourished, and classic literature attained a high degree of refine-
ment, yet, so far as the masses of the people were concerned, ignorance, supersti-
tion, corruption, oppression, and misery, characterized the state of society.
The iron heel of despotic rule everywhere crushed out the life of struggling
manhood. Men, stripped of their rights, were treated as of small account,
except as instruments to be used to subserve the purposes and pleasures of a
few irresponsible and remorseless potentates.
In the absence of the elevating influences of the Word of God, the general
course and drift of the people is in the direction of a debasing idolatry. There
the social condition is marked by vices, corruptions, and cruelties of the
grossest forms. No civilization that has lacked the moulding influence of
Divine revelation, has ever possessed power to reform the habits of idolatry, to
enlighten the ignorant masses, or to elevate a people to the sphere of knowl-
edge and virtue. Where there is no vision, the people perish."
An entirely different phase of society is assumed where government, law,
institutions, and religion, are brought into contact with the formative,-the
regenerating influences of the Holy Scriptures. No where else, however sunny
the skies, or luxuriant the earth, or healthful the clime, does the moral
landscape refresh the sight with growths of living virtue, and scenes of attrac-
tive beauty. No where else does government recognize the inalienable
rights of the people, or protect them. No where else is the light of popular
education diffused. No where else are there found the noble institutions of
philanthropy and benevolence. No where else is the fundamental relation of
marriage rightly understood and sacredly guarded. No where else do temples
and altars rise for the worship of the true and living God. Such results never
flow from the sources of this world's boasted wisdom.
The late Dr. Wayland, as the result of wide observation and profound reflec-
tion, has expressed his views as follows: That the truths of the Bible have the



power of awakening an intense moral feeling in man under every variety of
character, learned or ignorant, civilized or savage; that they make bad men
good, and send a pulse of healthful feeling throughout all the domestic, civil,
and social relations; that they teach men to love right, to hate wrong, and to
seek each other's welfare as the children of one* common Parent; that they
control the baleful passions of the human heart, and thus make men proficient
in the science of self-government; and finally, that they teach him to aspire
after a conformity to a Being of infinite holiness, and fill him with hopes
infinitely more purifying, more exalted, more suited to his nature, than any
other which this world has ever known, are facts as incontrovertible as the
laws of philosophy or demonstrations in mathematics." No such moral forces
ever proceeded from the teachings of man's wisdom. The lessons of heathen
sages never wrought any thorough or permanent reform in the lives of individ-
uals, or in the state of society. What human talent, culture, learning, and
philosophy, have failed to accomplish, has been successfully achieved by the
Word of God. In facts like these, facts patent to all candid observers, we find
proof that the Bible is from heaven.
The like conviction will flash upon the mind from a careful study of the
adaptation of Scriptural instruction to the capacities, necessities, and conscious
cravings of men of all races. God possessed a perfect knowledge of the wants
of our fallen race when he revealed to them his Word. Hence we find the
truths and teachings of the Bible, whether doctrinal, historical, prophetical,
devotional, or moral, peculiarly adapted to the wants of men in making them
wiser and better for this life, and fitting them for the higher life of the world
to come. This Holy Book is equally adapted to meet the wants of mankind
in whatever times, countries, or conditions they have existed. Such adapted-
ness is beautifully illustrated and signally manifested, when its hallowed
lessons come to the soul in the trying emergencies of life, and especially in that
eventful, solemn crisis, when man finds himself trembling on the margin of
that unknown futurity, concerning which the oracle of uninspired reason
reveals no gleam of light, offers no relief, no peace. Then its precious worth
is realized. If there is one great thing in this world," as another has said, it is
the BIBLE OF GOD-great in origin, great in thought, great in promise, great
in beauty, great in its results! It hangs as by a golden cord from the throne
of the Highest, and all heaven's light, life, love, and sweetness, come down into
it for us. It hangs there like a celestial harp ; the daughters of sorrow tune it,
and awake a strain of consolation. The hand of joy strikes it, and feels a
divine note of gladness. The sinner comes to it, and it discourses to him of
repentance and salvation. The saint bends an ear to it, and it talks to him of
an Intercessor and an immortal kingdom. The dying man lays his trembling
hand on it, and there steals thence into his soul the promise,-' When thou
passes through the waters, I will be with thee; when thou walkest through
the fire, thou shalt not be burned.' Be of good cheer, I have overcome the
world.' The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.' Where is promise,
where is philosophy, where is song, like this ?"



The foregoing pages contain a condensed argument for the Divine authority
of the Sacred Scriptures. A more elaborate and scientific statement of this
argument would not comport with the design of this introductory article.
Enough has been said, however, to show their superiority over any other books
ever written. Such superiority becomes evident from the nature and import-
ance of the KNOWLEDGE of which the Bible is the only authentic source.
The history contained in this Sacred Book, is more valuable than that found
in any uninspired writings. It is not claimed that Bible history is a substitute
for the general history of the world. It is more specially a history of the
kingdom of God on earth. Other peoples and nations are referred to only, as
they were in some way connected with that kingdom. And yet it is true, that
the book of Genesis is the ground of all the authentic history in existence from
the epoch of creation to the death of'Joseph, a period of about 2369 years.
The Pentateuch as a history covers a period of about 2553 years, down to the
death of Moses. No other record furnishes any reliable account of the creation
of the world, the creation of man, the apostacy, the state of the human race
before the deluge, 1656 years, the origin of nations in the 10th chapter of Gen-
esis, the lives and fortunes of the early patriarchs, the sojourn of the Hebrews
in Egypt, their exodus, the giving of the law, and the conquest of Canaan.
There are twelve other books principally historical, which record events as
connected with the Church of God to the time of the return of the Jews from
the captivity. It is not supposed that the Bible chronicles contain a record of
all the important events that transpired during these ages, but only such a
selection as the Holy Spirit should suggest to the sacred historians. In this
selection from existing documents, as well as what was revealed directly,
special reference was had to what might be important for the use of the
church in all subsequent ages.
There are other departments of knowledge which show the great superiority
of Bible truth as a source of instruction. On those great and profoundly
interesting subjects,-the existence and character of God, the origin, character,
duties, and destinies of man, the future state, the plan of salvation through a
Redeemer,-on these and many other subjects connected with them, there is no
source of reliable knowledge outside of the Bible. Without the light and
truth which come to us from this Holy Book,-without its histories, its teach-
ings, its precepts, its prophecies, its psalms, its gospels and epistles-how
dark and gloomy were the condition of man from the cradle to the grave.
Without God in the world, as revealed in the Bible, he would have no hope, no
faith, no source of peace. The earth might revolve, as now, and seasons come
and go with their stores and sources of temporal good, with alternating phases of
sternness and beauty. The mountains also might tower upward in rugged
grandeur, the rivers flow onward between smiling banks, the seas roar and lift
up their waves in stormy sublimity, but what would man care for these exhibi-
tions of wisdom, power, and loveliness, deaf as he would be to their utterances,
while ignorant of what the Holy Word reveals ? What motive were there to



worship at the altar of the unknown God," or seek information about the un-
known future by consulting the dumb oracle of uninspired reason Why
should not man, thus groping in the region and shadow of death, limit his
aims and labors to what shall minister merely to present gratification, accept-
ing as his creed the frigid philosophy of the atheistic stoic,-" Let us eat and
drink; for to-morrow we shall die."
As darkness brooded over the chaotic abyss at one stage of the creative pro-
cess, till the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters," commanding
the light to shine, kindling life and beauty, so the world of intelligent man
were but a moral chaos, enveloped in thick darkness, unless the Spirit's pres-
ence should cause light to shine through the revelations of the Bible. The
darkness would prevail till God said, Let there be light."
Pluck the sun from the heavens, and what would be the effect? The stars
might remain, but how poor a substitute would they be for the lost sun?
Under their cold, twinkling radiance, what could live and flourish? The
world might stand as now, but clad in perpetual darkness, save as relieved by
star-light, deprived of the heat of the orb of day, how soon would its fields of
verdure, and forms of beauty, and growths of fruit and vegetation fade, and
wither, and freeze, and perish. A result analagous to this would follow, were
the Bible, the sun in the moral heavens, with all the light of which it has
been, and is still the fountain, destroyed. Who can conceive the desolation
that would follow ? The dial of human progress would, like that of Ahaz,
reverse its shadow, and the world would soon be thrown back into the rayless
gloom of heathenism, barbarism, and universal corruption. The ruins of
those beautiful creations, to which the Bible more than any other agency has
contributed, might remain, but the glory of the moral world with its growing
civilizations, its humane achievements, its noble institutions of learning and
religion, would soon disappear forever.
The authority of the Bible, as an inspired book, which differs from all other
books, finds support in the great and leading purpose which it reveals, viz.:
THE REDEMPTION OF MAN. It was no part of the design of God to make-his
word of truth a manual of science, or the source of such knowledge as can be
acquired by observation and study. A higher end was embraced in his plan-
the establishment of a kingdom in the world-the subjects of which should be
redeemed from the ruins of the fall, and be purified unto himself a peculiar
people, zealous of good works." The materials incorporated into this great
spiritual organization, were not to be selected from any one people, or
from any one age. All kindreds and peoples, and all times, were included
in the comprehensive plan of Divine wisdom and benevolence revealed in the
The progressive development of God's redeeming plan on to its consum-
mation, furnishes a sublime historic exhibition of the wisdom and power
which underlie it. In this respect it differs radically from all the plans of
human improvement and elevation ever devised by reformers, philosophers,



or statesmen. It rises majestically, a tower of hope for a world lying in
The Old Testament, by its altars, types, personages, histories, prophecies,
and peculiar institutions, pointed to the one great crowning event, which, "in
the fullness of time," was realized in the mission of the incarnate Son of God,
as the Saviour of men. It is this momentous truth that lends to the Old Testa-
ment such significance, value, and glory. It was all along the ages a
forthshadowing of his coming, who was to be a Mediator between God and
alienated man.
As the great Teacher, the atoning Mediator, the regal Head over all things
to the Church, Jesus Christ is the Dimne, the Central Object of Bible revela-
tions, in which truth and prophecy meet, and find a marvelous fulfilment.
From him they derive light and power, and by him they are clothed with au-
thority that claims the reverence and faith of all men. The Bible is,
emphatically, "the wisdom of God, and the power of God unto salvation."
It gives light where all human teachings leave the inquiring mind in darkness;
it inspires peace of conscience and relief of soul, where all other teachings
only perplex and confuse; it is a well-spring of refreshing hope and comfort,
where all mere human writings prove dry and barren. A pillar of cloud by
day, and a pillar of fire by night, it shows the way to heaven.
The teachings of the Bible are not only so profound as to command the
attention of the mightiest intellect, and awaken earnest inquiry in men of the
highest culture, but they are so plain and simple as to be adapted to the hum-
blest capacity. The least and the lowest of the human family may find in
the Bible what is suited to their understanding. Matchless wisdom and pure
simplicity, so wonderfully united in its teachings, show that it is a book for
all mankind, for the humblest peasant and the profoundest student. "This
supreme and mighty Book," says another,-" the Book of mankind-finds no
domain inaccessible to it, and no fragment of the human race for which it has
not a vitalizing power."
In these respects how greatly does the Bible differ from all mere human
compositions, whether philosophies, sciences, theologies, histories, or codes of
law. These are constructed with reference to the concerns of the present life,
revolutions, reforms, political changes, and social improvements. They have
their day of popularity and influence, and then are consigned to dumb forget-
fulness, never more to be revived. Such is the common fate of the productions
of the human intellect. Very few of them outlive the generation when they
had their birth. However brilliant or popular for a time, they pass away as a
dream, while the Bible lives on unchanged and imperishable, more and more
read, believed in, and loved. What better witness do we need that it is Divine ?
The Bible is sufficient to instruct and comfort men of the loftiest intellect
and highest culture, and is no less adapted to the younger classes of society.
It has taught the little ones of the Christian household more about God, and
heaven, the origin, the duty, and the destiny of man, than the wisest sages ever



knew. Jewish parents were required to store the minds and memories of
their children with Scripture truths. Jesus in his childhood had become so
well acquainted with the Scriptures, that he could converse about them with
the Doctors in the temple.
In an age like the present, when error and delusion, in fascinating forms,
imperil the principles and morals of the young, the greatest safeguard for their
protection is a knowledge of God's Holy Word. Its sacred histories are replete
with attractive and startling lessons of truth and warning easily understood;
and as a preparation for a knowledge of preceptive and doctrinal theology,
they hold an important place. The simplicity and clearness of these lessons,
recommend them especially as aids to that religious culture, to which the
young mind and heart should be subjected. To answer this important pur-
pose the work, here introduced, was originally prepared, and seems admirably
fitted. The estimate in which it is held in the country where it was first pub-
lished, appears from the fact, that successive editions have been demanded.
As an introductory article, it has been thought, that its value would be
enhanced by exhibiting in a simple manner some of the more obvious and con-
clusive evidences, which may be adduced in vindication of the claims of the
Bible to the faith, the study, and the reverence, not only of those who move in
the higher sphere of life, but of those also who dwell on lower ground-the
masses, many of whom are but children in religious knowledge. To instruct,
interest, and benefit this numerous class of readers, as children and youth, this
work, it is believed, possesses a special adaptedness.
With these convictions, this humble service is commended to the blessing of
Him, whose Holy Word not only giveth light, but maketh wise unto salvation.

NORWICH, CoNN., 1869.


THE circumstances connected with the original preparation of the
work herein issued will account for the noticeable simplicity of the
style in which it was written. This element, it is believed, will in-
crease its value as a book peculiarly adapted to the use of young peo-
ple, and attractive to the youngest readers; while it will be no less ac-
ceptable to many older persons. The publisher, Hon. Henry Bill, was
put in possession of an English edition, in three volumes, by one of
the publishing firm of the Messrs. Harper of New York, who suggested
to him the idea of its publication for general circulation.
An English copy of this edition was put into the hands of the editor
for revision, and adaptation to the use of different religious denomina-
tions, by omitting all sectarian allusions. After the editorial changes
had been completed, and the work was committed to the publisher to
be put to press, it was found that an edition of the work, in five vol-
umes, had been issued by one of our religious publishing societies.
It is due both to editor and publisher to state that its republication
was not known to either till after its revision had been completed, and
arrangements made for its issue in the present form.



THE CREATION. Gen. i.11 .
CAIN AND ABEL. Gen. iv. .
THE DELUGE. Gen. vi.-ix. xi.

ABRAM. Gen. xii. xiii.. .
HAGAR. Gen. xvi.
THE COVENANT. Gen. xvii..




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THE ANGEL'S VISIT. Gen. xviii. o ,
ISAAC. Gen. xxi. xxiii. ,
ISAAC'S FAMILY Gen. xxiv.; xxv. 27 ,
JACOB AND ESAU. Gen. xxvii. xxviii. .
JACOB WITH LABAN. Gen. xxix.-xxxiii.
JACOB AT BETHEL. Gen. xxxv. .
JOSEPH IN PRISON. Gen. xxxix. 19 xl.. .
PHARAOH'S DREAMS. Gen. xli.; xlii. .
BENJAMIN SENT TO EGYPT. Gen. xlii. 26 -xlv. .
JACOB IN EGYPT. Gen. xlvi.; xlvii. .
JACOB'S DEATH. Gen. xlvii. 28--1. .
JOB AND HIS FRIENDS. Job iii.--xxxi.
ELIHU Job xxxii. -xxxix. .
THE CRUEL KING. Ex. i. ii .
THE BEST RICHES. Ex.ii.11; Heb. xi. 24-26 .
THE BURNING BUSH. Ex. iii. iv ,
MORE PLAGUES. Ex. ix.-xii. .
PHARAOH DROWNED. Ex. xiii. 17--xv.. .


35. FOOD IN THE DESERT. Ex. xvi.. *
36. REPHIDIMI Ex. xvii. .
37. JETHRO'S VISIT. Ex. xviii.. .
38. MOUNT SINAI. Ex. xix. .
41. THE LAW. Ex.xx.18; xxiv. .
42. THE GOLDEN CALF. Ex. xxxii. .
43. THE IDOLATORS PUNISHED. Ex. xxxii. 20; xxxii..
44. THE NEW TABLES. Ex. xxxiv. .
45. THE TABERNACLE. Ex. xxxv.-xxxviii.; xl. .
46. THE PRIESTS' GARMENTS. Ex. xxxix..
47. THE PRIESTS. Lev. viii. .
48. THE SACRIFICES AND FEASTS. Ex. xxix. 38; Lev. xxiii.
49. THE JUBILEE. Lev. xxv. .. .
50. NADAB AND ABIHU. Lev. x.. .
51. THE MOVING OF THE CAMP. Numb. ix.; x.
52. HOBAB. Numb. x 29 .
53. THE QUAILS. Numb. xi. .
54. THE SPIES. Numb. xiii. .
55. THE SABBATH-BREAKER. Numb. xv. 32.
57. AARON'S ROD. Numb. xvii. .. .
58. THE DEATH OF MIRIAM. Numb. xx. .
60. THE FIERY SERPENTS. Numb. xxi. 4
61. BALAAM Numb. xxii. .
62. BALAAM'S ASS. Numb. xxii. 21 .
63. BALAAM'S PROPHECY. Numb. xxii; 36.; xxiv; xxxi. 8
64. THE DEATH OF MOSES. Numb. xxvii. 12; Deut. xxxiv.
65. RAHAB. Jos.i.;ii. .
66. JORDAN. Jos. iii.; iv. .
67. JERICHO TAKEN. Jos. vi. .
68. ACHAN. Jos. vii.; viii.. .
69. THE GIBEONITES. Jos. ix. .
71. THE DIVISION OF CANAAN. Numb. xxxii.; Jos. xiii..
72. THE CITIES OF REFUGE. Numb. xxxv. 10; Jos. xx.
73. THE DEATH OF JOSHUA. Jos. xxiv. .
74. KING EGLON. Jud. ii.; iii. .
75. THE DEATH OF SISERA. Jud iv.; v. *
76. THE MIDIANITES. Jud. vi. .
77. GIDEON. Jud.vi. 12 .
78. BAAL'S ALTAR. Jud. vi. 25 .
79. THE LITTLE ARMY. Jud. vi. 36; vii.
81. GIDEQ'S VICTORY, Jud. vii. 16; viii. *
82. ABIMELEOH. Jud.ix..
83. JEPHTHA. Jud.xi. .
84. MANOAH. Jud. xiii. .

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SAMSON TAKEN. Jud. xvi. .
SAMSON'S DEATH. Jud. xvi. 23 .
BOAZ. Ruth ii. 5; iv. .
LITTLE SAMUEL. 1 Sam. ii..
SAMUEL CALLED. 1 Sam. iii.
ELI'S SONS. 1 Sam. iii. 11 .
ELI'S DEATH. 1 Sam. iv. .
DAGON AND THE ARK. 1 Sam. v. vi. ,
THE ARK. 1 Sam. vi. 13; vii..
EBEN-EZER. 1 Sam. vii. 7 .
THE NEW KING. 1 Sam. viii.
SAUL. 1 Sam. ix. ,
SAUL'S DISOBEDIENCE. 1 Sam. xiii.: xiv.
THE AMALEKITES. 1 Sam. xv. ,
JESSE'S SONS. 1 Sam. xvi. .
DAVID'S HARP. 1 Sam. xvi. 14
GOLIATH. 1 Sam. xvii .
THE TWO FRIENDS. 1 Sam. xviii..
SAUL'S HATRED TO DAVID. 1 Sam. xviii.; xix.
DAVID AT RAMAH. 1 Sam. xix. 18
DAVID'S ESCAPE. 1 Sam. xx. .





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DAVID AT NOB. 1 Sam. xxi. .
THE PRIESTS KILLED. 1 Sam. xxii. .
DAVID'S WANDERINGS. 1 Chron. xi. 15; 1 Sam. xxiii. .
SAUL IN THE CAVE. 1 Sam. xxiv. .
NABAL AND ABIGAIL. 1 Sam. xxv. .
DAVID AT ZIKLAG. 1 Sam. xxvii. .
ZIKLAG BURNT. 1 Sam. xxx. .
THE WITCH OF ENDOR. 1. Sam. xxviii .
THE DEATH OF SAUL. 1 Sam. xxxi.; 2 Sam. i. .
KING DAVID. 2 Sam. ii. iii. .. .
DAVID'S HAPPINESS. 2 Sam. iv. v. .
MEPHIBOSHETH. 2 Sam. ix.. .
DAVID'S SIN. 2 Sam. xi.; xii. .
ABSALOM. 2 Sam. xiii. 23; xv. .. .
DAVID'S FLIGHT. 2 Sam. xvi.- xix. .
THE NUMBERING OF THE PEOPLE. 2 Sam. x.; xiv.; 1 Chron. xxi.
DAVID'S DEATH. 1 Kings i.; ii.; 1 Chron. xxviii.; xxix. ,



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KING SOLOMON. 1 Kings ii. 12; iii.; 2 Chron. i. .
THE TWO MOTHERS. 1 Kings iii.16 .
SOLOMON'S WISDOM. 1 Kings iv.; v.; 2 Chron. ii. .
THE TEMPLE. 1 Kings vi.--ix.; 2 Chron. iii.- viii. .
THE QUEEN OF SHEBA. 1 Kings x.; 2 Chron. ix. .
THE VANITY OF THE WORLD. 1 Kings xi.; Eccles. i.; ii.
THE REBELLION OF THE TEN TRIBES. 1 Kings xi. 11; xii.; 2 Chron. x.
REHOBOAM AND JEROBOAM. 1 Kings xii. 21; xiii.; 2 Chron. xi..
JEROBOAM'S SON. 1 Kings xiv. .
KING ASA. 2 Chron. xlii. --xvi. .
THE WICKED KINGS OF ISRAEL. 1 Kings xv. 25; xvi .
THE BROOK CHERITH. 1 Kings xvii. .
THE WIDOW OF ZAREPHATH. 1 Kings xvii. 7 .
BAAL'S PROPHETS 1 Kings xviii. .
ELIJAH AT HOREB 1 Kings xix. 8 .
BEN-HADAD. 1 Kings xx. .
NABOTH'S VINEYARD. 1 Kings xxi. .
AHAB'S DEATH. 1 Kings xxii.; 2 Chron. xviii. .
KING JEHOSHAPHAT. 2 Chron. xix.; xx. .
KING AHAZIAH. 2 Kings i .
THE POT OF OIL. 2 Kings iv. .
THE GOOD SHUNAMMITE. 2 Kings iv. 8 .
THE PROPHETS FED. 2 Kings iv. 38 .
THE LITTLE MAID. 2 Kingsv. .
NAAMAN. 2 Kings v 9 .
GEHAZI. 2 Kings v. 15 .
THE BORROWED AXE. 2 Kings vi. .
ELISHA PROTECTED. 2 Kings vi. 8 .
THE FAMINE IN SAMARIA. 2 Kings vi. 18 .
PLENTY IN SAMARIA. 1 Kings vii. .
BEN-HADAD'S DEATH. 2 Kings viii. 7 .
JEHORAM KING OF JUDAH. 2 Chron. xxi. .
AHAZIAH KING OF JUDAH. 2 Chron. xxii. ..
JEHU MADE KING. 2 Kingsix. .
AHAB'S FAMILY DESTROYED. 2 Kings ix. 30; x. ..
THE LITTLE KING SAVED. 2 Kings xi.; 2 Chron. xxii.; xxii..
JOASH KING OF JUDAH. 2 Kings xii.; 2 Chron. xxiv.
JEHU'S REIGN. 2 Kings x.18 .
THE END OF JOASH. 2 Chron. xxiv. 15 .
AMAZTAT. 2 Kings xiv.; 2 Chron. xxv. .
THE DEATH OF ELISHA. 2 Kings xiii. 14
JONAH'S DISOBEDIENCE. 2 Kings xiv. 23; Jonah i. *
THE STORM. Jonah i. 4 .


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JONAH SAVED. Jonah i. 17; iii. .
NINEVEH SPARED. Jonah iii. 4 .
THE GOURD. Jonah iv. .
KING UZZIAH. 2 Chron. xxvi. .
THE PRISONERS SENT HOME. 2 Chron. xxvii.; xxviii. .
COMFORT IN TIMES OF SORROW. 2 Chron. xxviii. 16; Is. ix.;
HEZEKIAH. 2 Kings xviii.; 2 Chron. xxix .
THE PASSOVER KEPT. 2 Chron. xxx. .
SENNACHERIB'S ARMY DESTROYED. 2 Kings xviii. 17; xix.;
HEZEKIAH'S ILLNESS. 2 Kings xx.; Is. xxxviii.
HEZEKIAH'S PRIDE. 2 Kings xx. 12; Is. xxxix. .
MANASSEH. 2 Kings xxi.; 2 Chron. xxxiii .
THE TEMPLE REPAIRED. 2 Kings xxii.; 2 Chron. xxxiv.
JOSIAH. 2 Kings xxii. 8; xxiii.; 2 Chron. xxxiv. 14
THE RECHABITES. Jer. xxxv. 18 ..
THE ROLL BURNT. Jer. xxxvi. .
THE YOUNG CAPTIVES. 2 Kings xxiv.; 2 Chron. xxxvi. Dan. i.
JEREMIAH IMPRISONED. Jer. xxxvii.; xxxviii.
JUDGMENT UPON JUDAH. 2 Kings xxv.; Jer. xxxix.; xliv.; lii.
THE SEVENTY YEARS' CAPTIVITY. Ezek. xxx.; Psalm cxxiii.;
CYRUS. Dan. v. 30, 31; Is. xliv. 27; xlv. .
THE NEW TEMPLE. Ez. v.; Hag. i.; ii .
QUEEN VASHTI. Esther i .
THE NEW QUEEN. Esther ii.. .
HAMAN. Esther iii. .
THE JEWS IN DANGER. Esther iii. 10; iv. .
ESTHER'S FEAST. Esther v. ..
HAMAN PUNISHED. Esther vii. .
THE JEWS DELIVERED. Esther viii.; x. .
EZRA'S PRAYER. Ez. vii.; ix. .
NEHEMIAH. Neh. i.; ii. .
THE WALLS BUILT. Neh. ii. 10; iv. .
THE LAW EXPLAINED. Neh. vi. 15; x.. .


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232. NEHEMIAH'S RETURN. Neh. xii. .
233. THE PROPHET MALACHI. Mal.i.; iv. .



THE VIRGIN MARY. Luke i. 26 .
THE BIRTH OF CHRIST. Matt. i. 20; Luke ii. .
THE SHEPHERDS. Luke ii. 8 .
SIMEON AND ANNA. Luke ii. 21 .
THE WISE MEN. Matt. ii. .
JESUS WITH THE DOCTORS. Matt. ii. 19; Luke ii. 40
JOHN THE BAPTIST. Matt. iii.; Luke iii. .
JESUS BAPTISED. Matt. iii. 13 .
NICODEMUS. John iii .
JOHN THE BAPTIST IMPRISONED. Mark vi. 20; Luke iii. 19, 20
THE NOBLEMAN'S SON. John iv. 46 .
THE LEPER. Mark i. 29
MATTHEW CALLED. Luke v. 27 .
THE WITHERED HAND. Matt. xii. .. *
THE LORD'S PRAYER. Matt. v.; vi. .. .
THE NARROW WAY. Matt. vii. 13 ..
THE TWO BUILDERS. Matt. vii. 24 .
THE CENTURION. Matt. viii. 5 .
THE WIDOW'S SON. Luke vii. 11 .
ENCOURAGEMENT FOR THE HUMBLE. Matt. xi. 20; Luke x. 17
REST FOR THE WEARY. Matt. xi. 28 .
THE FAMILY OF JESUS. Matt. xii. 46 ,


* a ft ft 349
* 6 6 ft ft i 85

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THE LAST SUPPER. Matt. xxvi.; John xiii.
GETHSEMANE. John xiv. -xviii.
PETER'S SIN. Luke xxii. 55
THE END OF JUDAS. Matt. xxvii. 3.
PONTIUS PILATE. Matt. xxvii.; Luke xxiii.

THE RICH WORLDLING. Luke xii. 13 a a
THE SOWER. Matt. xiii. 3 .
MORE PARABLES. Matt. xiii. 33; Mark iv. 30 .
THE STORM CALMED. Matt. iv. 35
THE LEGION. Markv.. .
THE FIVE THOUSAND FED. Matt. xiv. 13; John vi. 26
THE GENTILE WOMAN. Matt. xv. 21 ,
PETER'S CONFESSION. Matt. xvi. 13 .
AN EVIL SPIRIT CAST OUT. Matt. xvii. 14. .
THE TRIBUTE MONEY. Matt. xvii. 24 .
THE UNKIND SERVANT. Matt. xviii. 21 .
THE CRIPPLE HEALED. Luke xiii. 10 .
THE STEWARD. Luke xvi .. .
THE TEN LEPERS. Luke xvii. 12 .
THE GOOD PART. Luke x. 38 .
LAZARUS. John xi.. .
THE YOUNG RULER. Mark x. 17 .
THE BLIND BEGGAR. Mark x. 46. .
ZACCHEUS. Luke Kix .
THE FALL OF JERUSALEM. Matt. xxiv.; Luke xxi. 5
THE TEN VIRGINS. Matt. xxv. .
THE TALENTS. Matt. xxv. 14 .


* S 4408
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AT PHILIPPI. Acts xvi. 6
AT ATHENS. Acts xvii.
AT CORINTH. Acts xviii. .
AT EPHESUS. Acts xviii. 19;

0 a

xix. .
Act xx. .

AT JERUSALEM. Acts xxi.; xxii. .
BEFORE THE COUNCIL. Acts xxiii.; xxiv.
BEFORE AGRIPPA. Acts xxv.; xxvi.
ON THE SEA. Acts xxvii. .

* a
* 6
* 0
* 0

PATMOS. Rev. i.. .
THE SEVEN CHURCHES. Rev. ii.; ii. .
THE BOOK OF REVELATION. Rev. iv.; v.; xx.; xxiL

CHRIST CRUCIFIED. Matt. xxvii. 27 *
THE DEATH OF CHRIST. Luke xxiii. 39; John xix. 25
JESUS BURIED. Luke xxiii. 50.; John xix. 31 .
THE RESURRECTION. Matt. xxvii. 62; xxviii.; John xx.
THE WALK TO EMMAUS. Luke xxiv. 13
THE ASCENSION. Luke xxiv. 50. Acts i. 9 *
THE NEW APOSTLE. *cts i. 13 *
THE LAME MAN HEALED. Acts iii. iv.. *
THE FIRST MARTYR. Acts vi. vii. .
SAUL OF TARSUS. Acts ix.. .
DORCAS. Acts ix. 32 .
CORNELIUS. Acts x ...
PAUL THE APOSTLE. Acts xiii.; xiv. .
PAUL AT LYSTRA. Acts xiv. 8 .
TIMOTHY. Acts xvi. .

* 0

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ANY years ago, there was
no earth, nor plants, nor
Animals, nor sun, nor
moon, nor people. All
was darkness; but God was. God
is eternal; He had no beginning,
He will have no end.
God spoke, and created all things
by his wonderful power. The first
day, He created light: the second
day, the blue sky; the third day,
the seas and dry land, and trees;
the fourth day, the sun, and moon,
and stars; the fifth day, the birds
and fishes; the sixth day, beasts,
and insects, and creeping things,
and man. Then all was finished,
and God saw everything that He
had made, and behold it was very
good." "The seventh day God
ended His work which He had
made." God rested on that day,
and therefore He commands us to
rest on the Sabbath day. He says,
" Remember the Sabbath day, to
keep it holy."
The Lord God formed man of
the dust of the ground, and breath-
ed into his nostrils the breath of
life, and man became a living
soul." God gave to the animals
beautiful and useful bodies; but

to man He gave more: He gave
him a soul also, which could
never die. God gave wonderful
instinct to the animals; but He
gave reason to man, power to know
and to love, and to worship God.
The man's name was Adam. God
created him holy and happy. And
the Lord God planted a garden
eastward in Eden, and there He
put the man." The garden was
full of beautiful trees and flowers;
the little birds sang sweetly, and
the animals all played together
upon the green grass; they did not
fight, nor hurt one another ; all
was love and happiness, because
there was no sin. It was warm
and pleasant, there was no cold
wind, no snow, no winter.
"The Lord God took the man,
and put him into the garden of
Eden, to dress it, and to keep it."
But God said, It is not good that
the man should be alone; I will
make him an help meet for him."
When Adam was asleep, God took
a rib out of his side, and made it a
woman, and brought her to Adam,
and she was his wife. Her name
was Eve. She had a soul and rea-
son like Adam, and was holy and





ANY years ago, there was
no earth, nor plants, nor
Animals, nor sun, nor
moon, nor people. All
was darkness; but God was. God
is eternal; He had no beginning,
He will have no end.
God spoke, and created all things
by his wonderful power. The first
day, He created light: the second
day, the blue sky; the third day,
the seas and dry land, and trees;
the fourth day, the sun, and moon,
and stars; the fifth day, the birds
and fishes; the sixth day, beasts,
and insects, and creeping things,
and man. Then all was finished,
and God saw everything that He
had made, and behold it was very
good." "The seventh day God
ended His work which He had
made." God rested on that day,
and therefore He commands us to
rest on the Sabbath day. He says,
" Remember the Sabbath day, to
keep it holy."
The Lord God formed man of
the dust of the ground, and breath-
ed into his nostrils the breath of
life, and man became a living
soul." God gave to the animals
beautiful and useful bodies; but

to man He gave more: He gave
him a soul also, which could
never die. God gave wonderful
instinct to the animals; but He
gave reason to man, power to know
and to love, and to worship God.
The man's name was Adam. God
created him holy and happy. And
the Lord God planted a garden
eastward in Eden, and there He
put the man." The garden was
full of beautiful trees and flowers;
the little birds sang sweetly, and
the animals all played together
upon the green grass; they did not
fight, nor hurt one another ; all
was love and happiness, because
there was no sin. It was warm
and pleasant, there was no cold
wind, no snow, no winter.
"The Lord God took the man,
and put him into the garden of
Eden, to dress it, and to keep it."
But God said, It is not good that
the man should be alone; I will
make him an help meet for him."
When Adam was asleep, God took
a rib out of his side, and made it a
woman, and brought her to Adam,
and she was his wife. Her name
was Eve. She had a soul and rea-
son like Adam, and was holy and




happy as he was. God said to them,
" Of every tree in the garden ye
may eat; but of the fruit of the
tree of the knowledge of good and
evil, which is in the midst of the
garden, ye shall not eat, lest ye die."
Adam and Eve loved one another,

and they loved God. They walked
in the beautiful garden, and sang
praise to God, without pain, or sor-
row, or fear; and they loved to
hear God speak to them, and to
learn the wonderful things He
taught them.




HERE was a wicked angel
in hell, named Satan.
Once he had been a bright
and happy angel in hea-
ven; but he was disobedi-
ent, and God drove him down into
hell, and many other wicked angels
with him. Sin cannot be in heaven;
all must be holy there. God spared
not the angels that sinned, but cast
them down into hell." 2 Pet. ii. 4.
Satan hated Adam and Eve, be-
cause they were holy and happy,
and he was wicked and miserable;
and he went into the garden, and
appeared like a serpent, and spoke
to Eve, and tempted her to eat the
fruit which God had forbidden.
But Eve said, God commanded us,
saying, Ye shall not eat of it, lest
ye die." Then Satan told a lie, for
"he is a liar, and the father of it,"
John viii. 44, and said, "You shall
not surely die." And Eve was
tempted to believe Satan, and she
took the fruit of the tree of knowl-
edge of good and evil, and eat, and
gave to Adam, and he eat. God
saw all this, and He was very angry.
Adam and Eve were sinners now,
their holiness and happiness were
gone, and God would punish them
for their sin. "They heard the


voice of the Lord God, walking in
the garden in the cool of the day;
and Adam and his wife hid them-
selves." Why did they fear ? Be-
cause they knew they had sinned;
they knew that God was angry with
them: they were not glad now to
hear His voice; they could not now
sing His praises, and talk happily
to Him. But Adam and Eve could
not hide themselves from God, for
He can see everywhere. "The
eyes of the Lord are in every place,
beholding the evil and the good."
Prov. xv. 3.
God called Adam, and said to
him, Hast thou eaten of the fruit
of which I commanded thee not to
eat?" and Adam did not humbly
confess his sin, but answered, "The
woman gave it to me, and I eat."
Then God said to Eve, "What is
this that thou hast done ?" and she
answered, "The serpent, tempted
me, and I eat." Then God told
Adam and Eve that they had sin-
ned, and therefore they must die.
Thorns and thistles would now
grow in the beautiful world; they
must labor, and suffer pain and
sorrow all the days they lived, and
then die, and return to the dust."
Their bodies must die; but where


must their souls go ? Th1ey could
not die, because they were immor-
tal: and they could not go to hea-
ven, because they were sinful. Hell
was the place for the wicked, where
Satan and the wicked angels were.
Must the souls of Adam and Eve,
and all their children, go there?
No-God did not wish his sinful
creatures to perish. He said, "De-
liver their souls from going down
into the pit; I have found a ran-
som." Job xxxiii. 24.

God said, that the seed of the
woman should bruise the serpent's
head. What did this mean? Sa-
tan was the serpent; Jesus Christ
was the Seed of the woman. In due
time, Jesus would come into the
world, and subdue Satan, and de-
liver all who should believe, from
Satan's power, from sin and hell.
If we, like Adam and Eve, have
faith in Jesus, we shall be saved as
they were, and made eternally hap-
py when we die.





UT though God forgave
Adam and Eve, He would
not let them remain in the
garden. An angel came
with a flaming sword to
drive them away. They were sinners,
and therefore they must not stay
there. Now, they felt pain and
sorrow; and when their children
were born, they were sinful children.
Cain, the eldest son of Adam and
Eve, was very wicked; but his
brother Abel loved and prayed to
God, and believed in Jesus. Abel
was a shepherd: and, at God's com-
mand, he took a lamb, and killed
it, and offered it up in sacrifice.
Abel sacrificed the lamb in faith,
and in obedience: Cain offered a
sacrifice too, but not the right sort
of sacrifice, and not in the right
way. He brought the fruits of the
earth, and gave them to God. But
he did not confess his sins, nor ask
for forgiveness; so God accepted
Abel, and his sacrifice; but Cain,
and his sacrifice, He did not accept.

But when Cain knew God was an-
gry, he did not ask God to forgive
him, and change his heart; he was
sullen and jealous, because God ac-
cepted his brother, and did not
accept him. God said to Cain,
"Why art thou angry? If thou
doest well, shalt thou not also be
accepted ? for God was willing to
forgive Cain. But Cain would not
attend to what God said; Satan
was in his heart, tempting him to
be angry and passionate, and Cain
did not resist the devil."
One day, Cain and Abel were
together in the field. They were
alone; Adam and Eve were not
there; and Cain struck Abel, and
killed him. Abel's body fell dead
upon the ground; but his soul did
not die; Cain could not hurt that:
it went to heaven, to be there in
happiness for ever. God saw Cain
kill his brother, and asked, Where
is Abel ?" and wicked Cain com-
mitted another sin, and told a lie,
and said, "I know not." But God


had seen Abel die, and He punished
Cain, and drove him away, far from
his father, and mother, and broth-
ers, and sisters; and he was a wan-
derer in the earth.
Adam and Eve were very sorry
for their dear son. When they
looked on his dead body, they must
have thought of their own sin, and

of the punishment of sin : and how
glad they must have been to re-
member God's promise, that Jesus
should come and die to save sin-
ners. They lived to be hundreds
of years old, and then they died.
Their bodies were buried in the
tomb; but we may hope that their
souls went to heaven.



ANY people were in the
World, and m6st of them
I were very wicked; but a
holy man was among
them, named Enoch. The
Bible says, "Enoch walked with
God;" what does this mean? It
means that Enoch's sins were par-
doned, and that he was at peace
with God, and that he loved and
served Him. God blessed Enoch,
and was pleased to take him to hea-
ven without dying. "He was not,
for God took him."
God saw that the wickedness of
man was great upon the earth."
And He said, He would destroy the
wicked people, and send a flood of
water to wash them all away. But
there was then another holy man,
named Noah, and God promised to
save him. God commanded Noah
to make a great ark of wood. Noah
did as God told him, and when the
ark was finished, he went in, with
his wife, and his three sons, Shem,
Ham, and Japheth, and the wives of
his sons, and many beasts and birds,
and creeping things; and "the
Lord shut him in." The wicked
people would not go into the ark,

nor believe Noah when he told
them that the water was soon com-
ing to drown them all. God waited
in mercy many years; for He did
not wish them to perish. But they
would not repent, nor believe, nor
turn to God; and, at last, He sent
rain from heaven, and water out of
the sea, and washed away the wick-
ed people. The rain was upon the
earth forty days and forty nights,"
and every thing in the earth died.
Was Noah safe ? Yes: the ark
floated upon the waters; it did not
sink, because God kept it up. God
will keep safely 'all who, like Noah,
love and serve him. He can keep
them in every place.' When they
are asleep in the dark night, God
sees them; when they walk about,
He is with them; when they are in
storms upon the great sea, He can
keep them. He sends His holy an-
gels to take care of them; His eye
is always upon them. Those are
happy people who have God near,
to love and keep them wherever
they are. And the ark may remind
us of the Lord Jesus Christ. If
we are in Him, by faith, then we
shall be safe for ever from God's

. . .. ..

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anger, as Noah was safe in the ark
from the waters of the flood. .
When the rain was over, the ark
rested upon a mountain, called Ara-
rat, and Noah looked out. All the
ground was covered with water.
There were no trees, nor flowers;
they were withered and dead. There
were no people, nor beasts, nor
birds; the water had drowned them
all. Then Noah opened a window
in the ark, and sent out a raven.
The raven flew about, and did not
return to Noah. Then Noah sent
out a dove. But the dove was not
like the raven; it would not feed
upon the dead bodies, and there was
no resting place for it; so it flew
back again, and Noah put out his
hand and pulled it into the ark.
Seven days after, Noah sent out the
dove again; and in the evening it
returned, and brought in its beak
an olive leaf. Noah was very glad
to see this leaf; because he knew
by it that now the trees were begin-
ning to bud and grow, and that
soon all would be dry and pleasant
again. So Noah thanked God, and
waited patiently for seven more
days; and then he sent out the
dove again. All was dry now. The
trees and flowers grew, and the sun
shone brightly and pleasantly. The
dove did not return any more to
the ark. God gave it instinct to
build its nest among the trees, and
to find food for itself without Noah
to take care of it.
Noah took the covering off the
ark, and looked, and he saw that all
was dry. Then God told him to
come out, with his family, and all
the living things that were with
him. They were glad to see the dry
ground again, and the sun, and

trees, and flowers, so beautiful and
fresh. They were all well; for God
had kept them safely in the ark
from the wind and the waters.
Then Noah and his family thanked
God, and built an altar, and offered
joyful sacrifices in faith, and prayed,
and praised the Lord.
And God set a beautiful rainbow
in the sky, and he told Noah, that
when it should rain again upon the
earth, and the clouds should be
black and heavy, then the rainbow
should be seen in the cloud, that
people might know, that God would
not again drown the world. The
sun shining upon the little drops of
water in the rain-cloud, makes the
bow, and its beautiful colors:
God sends the rain, and the cloud,
and the sunshine to make the
bow, that we may remember his
promise to Noah, never to drown
the world again. But God sends
rain from heaven, to make the
grass and corn grow; to water
the ground, and make the trees and
flowers bud and blossom. God is
very good and kind. "He maketh
grass to grow upon the mountains;
He giveth to the beast his food, and
to the young ravens which cry."
Ps. cxlvii. 8, 9.
When Noah and his family came
out of the ark, they went into dif-
ferent places, and built cities and
houses; and they had many chil-
dren, and the earth was soon full of
people again. These people all
spoke the same language. Many of
them were very wicked. They
sought to make themselves great,
not to please God; and, in their
pride, they said, "Let us build us a
city, and a tower whose top may
reach unto heaven; and let us

30 ABI

make us a name, lest we be scattered
abroad." But God was angry with
them, because they were proud, and
forgot Him. And he confounded
their speech, and made them speak
different languages; so that they
could not understand one another,


nor finish the city and tower. The
place was named Babel, or confu-
sion, and the wicked people were
scattered abroad upon the face of
the earth. See how God hates and
punishes pride!


SHERE was a man named
Abram, who lived in Me-
sopotamia. The people
There were idolators, but
Abram worshipped God.
God told Abram to go away from
his home, into the land of Canaan;
and He promised to bless him, if he
did so. Abram obeyed directly; he
took his wife, and his nephew Lot,
and all he possessed, and went to
Canaan. This showed his faith and
obedience; and God did as He
promised, and brought Abram safely
to Sichem, and then said to him,
"Unto thy seed will I give this
land." Abram then had no chil-
dren; but still he believed God, and
"built an altar to the Lord, and
called upon the name of the Lord."
Abram was very rich: he had
silver, and gold, and asses, and
camels, and servants. His nephew
Lot was rich too, and there was not
room in the land, for the posses-
sions of both Lot and Abram; and
their servants were unkind, and
quarreled with one another. Abram
did not like to see this, for he wish-
ed all to be love and peace. So he
asked Lot to separate from him,
and to go to the place he liked best.
Then Lot looked towards Jordan;
it was a beautiful place, like a sweet

garden, and full of water. So Lot
chose to go to Sodom; because it
was very pleasant, and there would
be much food there for him, and
for his cattle. Lot was very selfish;
for he did not try to please Abram,
he only tried to please himself. Let
us always try to remember, that the
Bible tells us to love others as well
as ourselves.
Abram and Lot parted, and Lot
went to live in Sodom. But Lot
was not happy there. The people
were very wicked, and he was vexed,
because they would not love and wor-
ship God, as he wished to do. And
now Lot was punished for his sin in
going among wicked people, and
choosing a home in a place where
God was not obeyed. We should
try to be with those who love the
Lord, and who will help us to do
right. Riches and possessions can
not make us happy; the love of God
alone can give us peace and comfort.
And therefore Abram was happier
than Lot was, in the rich city
of Sodom. And God blessed Abram,
and said to him again, "All the
land which thou seest, to thee will
I give it, and to thy children." Then
Abram went to Hebron, and dwelt
there, and built an altar to. the



OON after Lot went to
live in Sodom, a great
king named Chedorlao-
mer, and other kings with
him, came, and fought
against the city and the people of
Sodom. Chedorlaomer conquered
the king of Sodom, and took away
all the riches of the city, and made
many of the people prisoners, and
Lot was made prisoner among them.
See how vain and foolish it is to
love and trust in riches and worldly
things! Lot went to Sodom, hop-
ing to enjoy all his great posses-
sions: now, he had lost everything,
and was made prisoner himself.
When Abram heard what had
happened to Lot, he armed himself,
and his servants, and pursued the
army of Chedorlaomer, and smote
them, and brought all the people
and goods that Chedorlaomer had
taken, and delivered Lot; and Lot
returned in safety to Sodom. The
king of Sodom offered to give great
riches to Abram; but Abram would
not take any reward; for he wished
only to show kindness to others,
not to enrich himself. Let us try
to imitate Abram, and to be kind
and generous as he was. The Bible
says, "Look not every man on his


own things, but every man also on
the things of others." Phil. ii. 4.
When Abram returned, the king
of Salem, who was named Melchize-
dek, came out to meet him, and
gave bread and wine to him and his
servants, to refresh them. Mel-
chizedek was a priest as well as a
king, and he blessed Abram, and
said, "Blessed be Abram of the
most high God, possessor of heaven
and earth; and blessed be the most
high God, which hath delivered
thine enemies into thy hands."
Then Abram gave Melchizedek a
tenth part of all the riches that had
been taken, to show how much he
honored and respected him.
We read no more of the history
of Melchizedek; but the Bible
teaches us, that he is to remind us
of another and greater, king and
priest-of the Lord Jesus Christ
himself. Melchizedek was a type, a
likeness, of Jesus. Jesus is a king;
He reigns in the hearts of his peo-
ple now; He will reign over all the
world hereafter. And he is a priest
too; He has offered up the sacrifice
of himself, to take away our sins,
and He ever lives in heaven, to
make intercession for us there.





ND now the Lord spoke
to Abram again in a vision,
to comfort and encourage
him. God promised to
do great and wonderful
things for him at some future time,
but not yet; for He was pleased first
to try Abram's faith and patience.
One night, God brought him out
into the fields, and told him to look
upwards. The stars were shining
brightly in the sky, and God told
Abram to try to count them; but
there were more, many more, than
Abram could number. Then God
said, So shall thy seed be." Abram
had yet no children, but he believed
God still. He felt sure, that the
Lord could and would do as He
promised. This is an example of
faith for us. God speaks to us in
the Bible, and all he says, we are to
believe. And those who truly be-
lieve, will be blessed with faithful
God promised Abram that he
should inherit the land of Canaan;
and He told him what would hap-
pen to his children, when he himself
was dead. God commanded Abram
to take several animals, and to di-


vide them in pieces, and offer them
in sacrifice, and when the birds
came to devour the dead bodies of
these animals, Abram drove them
away. That same night, God spoke
to Abram again, and told him, that
his children should go into a strange
land, and be afflicted there; but
that after 400 years, they should
come out of that land, with great
riches, and possess all the coun-
try of Canaan. And when it was
dark, Abram saw, in vision, a
smoking furnace, and a burning
lamp, which passed between the
pieces of the sacrifice, which Abram
had offered at God's command.
What was the meaning of this?
Perhaps the vision was meant to
teach Abram, what should happen
to his children, in that strange land
to which they were going. The
smoking furnace might teach him
that they would be afflicted; and
the bright lamp might teach him
that they would be comforted. God
often afflicts his people, but He
always comforts them too; and so,
as we shall soon see, He afflicted and
comforted Abram's children, the peo-
ple of Israel in the land of Egypt.

--- AGAR,----- --



ARAI, the wife of Abram,
had a maid named Hagar,
who was also Abram's
wife. Hagar behaved dis-
respectfully to her mis-
tress, and this made Sarai angry,

and she treated Hagar very harshly,
and was so unkind to her, that Ha-
gar ran away from her mistress, and
fled into the wilderness. It was
wrong of Hagar to be disrespectful
to her mistress; and it was wrong




ND now the Lord spoke
to Abram again in a vision,
to comfort and encourage
him. God promised to
do great and wonderful
things for him at some future time,
but not yet; for He was pleased first
to try Abram's faith and patience.
One night, God brought him out
into the fields, and told him to look
upwards. The stars were shining
brightly in the sky, and God told
Abram to try to count them; but
there were more, many more, than
Abram could number. Then God
said, So shall thy seed be." Abram
had yet no children, but he believed
God still. He felt sure, that the
Lord could and would do as He
promised. This is an example of
faith for us. God speaks to us in
the Bible, and all he says, we are to
believe. And those who truly be-
lieve, will be blessed with faithful
God promised Abram that he
should inherit the land of Canaan;
and He told him what would hap-
pen to his children, when he himself
was dead. God commanded Abram
to take several animals, and to di-


vide them in pieces, and offer them
in sacrifice, and when the birds
came to devour the dead bodies of
these animals, Abram drove them
away. That same night, God spoke
to Abram again, and told him, that
his children should go into a strange
land, and be afflicted there; but
that after 400 years, they should
come out of that land, with great
riches, and possess all the coun-
try of Canaan. And when it was
dark, Abram saw, in vision, a
smoking furnace, and a burning
lamp, which passed between the
pieces of the sacrifice, which Abram
had offered at God's command.
What was the meaning of this?
Perhaps the vision was meant to
teach Abram, what should happen
to his children, in that strange land
to which they were going. The
smoking furnace might teach him
that they would be afflicted; and
the bright lamp might teach him
that they would be comforted. God
often afflicts his people, but He
always comforts them too; and so,
as we shall soon see, He afflicted and
comforted Abram's children, the peo-
ple of Israel in the land of Egypt.

--- AGAR,----- --



ARAI, the wife of Abram,
had a maid named Hagar,
who was also Abram's
wife. Hagar behaved dis-
respectfully to her mis-
tress, and this made Sarai angry,

and she treated Hagar very harshly,
and was so unkind to her, that Ha-
gar ran away from her mistress, and
fled into the wilderness. It was
wrong of Hagar to be disrespectful
to her mistress; and it was wrong


of Sarai to be unkind to her ser-
vant; and Abram himself was
wrong in allowing these things to
happen in his family.
But what became of Hagar ? The
angel of the Lord found her in the
wilderness, by a well of water, and
said to her, Hagar, whence camest
thou ?" And Hagar answered, "I
flee from my mistress Sarai." Then
the angel told Hagar to return to
her mistress, and to submit to her.
This was Hagar's duty, and she
could not be blessed nor happy
while she forgot this duty, and gave
way to her own pride and self-will.
But the angel comforted Hagar,
though he reproved her, and told
her that she would have a son, who
would be the father of a great na-
tion. That son was to be named
Ishmael, which means, God shall

hear," because God had heard the
affliction of Hagar, and had mercy
on her. And the Angel said, that
Ishmael should be a wild man, and
that his hand would be against every
man, and every man's hand against
him. Ishmael was born not long
after, and from him descended the
nation of the Arabians, who have
always been a wild people, as the
angel foretold.
So Hagar was comforted; and
she did as she was commanded, and
returned to Sarai. But first, she
gave a name to the angel who had
appeared to her. She called him,
"Thou God seest me." He saw
Hagar in her affliction, and He can
still see us in all our sorrows, and
bless and comfort us, as he did her,
if we pray to Him, and trust in





FTER this, the Lord ap-
j fearedd to Abram, and
again promised to bless
A and multiply him, and
give him the land of Ca-
naan, for a possession. And God
changed his name, and called him
Abraham, which means the father
of a -multitude, because many peo-
ple should descend from him. And
Sarai's name also was changed to Sa-
rah, which means a princess. Then
the Lord appointed a sign in Abra-
ham's family, to mark them as a
distinct people; this sign was the
circumcision of every son who
should be born in the family of

Were the children of Ishmael to
possess the land of Canaan ? No;
Ishmael was not the promised seed
who should inherit Canaan; but
God told Abraham, that Sarah
should have a son who should be
called Isaac, and that He would
make with him, and with his chil-
dren, an everlasting covenant ?
What is a covenant ? An agree-
ment and promise between two
parties. The promise which God
made to Noah, never to drown the
world again, was a covenant; and
the sign of it was the rainbow.
And now, the promise God made
to Abraham, to bless his seed, and
to give them the land of Canaan,


was a covenant; and the sign of it
was circumcision. And God had
made another covenant with Adam
in the garden of Eden, when He
promised that Jesus Christ should
come into the world, and die to save

sinners. This was the greatest cov-
enant of all. And we know that
every one of God's covenants is
true, because made by Him who
cannot lie, and who will never de-
ceive His people.






NE day, Abraham was sit-
ting at his tent door, and
he looked up, and saw
three men standing by
him. Then he rose up
directly, and bowed respectfully to
them, and asked, "Let now water
be fetched and wash your feet, and
rest under the tree, and I will bring
you food." So the men sat down,
and Abraham ran into the tent, to
his wife Sarah, and told her to make
cakes very quickly; then he ran to
the field, and took a calf, and killed
it, and dressed it; and he brought
the calf, and the cakes, and butter,
and milk, and gave them to the
men under the tree; and they did
eat, and Abraham stood and waited
upon them. He was right to be
kind and respectful: St. Peter says,
"Use hospitality one to another."
1 Peter iv. 9. And St. Paul says,
" Be not forgetful to entertain
strangers." Hebrews xii. 2.
When the men had finished eat-
ing, they asked, Where is Sarah ?"
And Abraham said, "She is in the
tent." Then the Lord told Abra-
ham, He would soon give to him
and Sarah a son; for God had not
forgotten his promise made to Abra-
ham so many years before. Sarah
heard the Lord speak, but she did

not believe what He said, and she
laughed and thought it could not
be true. Then the Lord said,
" Why did Sarah laugh ? Is any-
thing too hard for the Lord ? Sarah
shall have a son." Sarah was
afraid, and denied, and said, "I
laughed not;" but He said, Nay,
but thou didst laugh." So the men
went away, and Abraham went with
them towards Sodom. And then
the Lord told Abraham, that He
was angry with those two wicked
cities, Sodom and Gomorrah, and
was come now to destroy them.
Abraham thought of his nephew
Lot, who was still in Sodom, and he
felt afraid, and very sorry for him.
So he asked the Lord to spare the
city if fifty righteous people' were
there; and the Lord said, He would.
But soon, Abraham thought, that
Sodom was so very wicked, that
perhaps there were not fifty there
who loved God; and he prayed the
Lord again, five times, if there were
forty-five, or forty, or thirty, or
twenty, or only ten righteous peo-
ple in Sodom, to save the city. And
the Lord said, "If I find in Sodom
ten righteous, I will not destroy it."
Then the Lord went away, and
Abraham returned unto his place.
It was right and kind of Abraham



to pray for Lot. We should all
remember our friends in prayer,
and ask God to take care of them.
And when they are unhappy, or in
danger, we should particularly pray

God to comfort them, and to keep
them from evil. "Pray one for an-
other. The effectual fervent prayer
of a righteous man availeth much."
James v. 16.




S T was evening when the
7 two angels came to Sod-
om. Did they find there
ten righteous people ? No;
there were not ten right-
eous in Sodom; and therefore it
could not be saved. But the Lord
remembered Abraham's prayer: and
He remembered righteous Lot, who
loved God all alone in the wicked
city, and sent the angels to save him.
Lot was sitting in the gate of
Sodom; and when he saw the an-
gels, he rose, and bowed respect-
fully, and brought them to his
house, and gave them food. Then
they said, "Whatsoever thou hast in
the city, bring out; for we will de-
stroy this place." So Lot went out,
and spoke to his sons-in-law, and
said, "Get you out of this place,
for the Lord will destroy this city."
But they would not believe what he
said. And when the morning was
come, the angels hastened Lot, and
said, "Arise, take thy wife and thy
two daughters which are here;"
and while he lingered, the men laid
hold upon his hand, and upon the
hand of his wife, and upon the
hand of his two daughters, the
Lord being merciful unto him, and

they brought him forth. Then they
said, "Escape for thy life to the
mountain; stay not; look not be-
hind thee." But Lot said, "I can
not escape to the mountain, lest
some evil take me. There is a little
city near to flee unto, let me escape
thither." And God mercifully al-
lowed Lot to go to that little city.
It was called Zoar.
So Lot, and his wife, and his two
daughters, escaped from Sodom;
and then "the Lord rained upon
Sodom and Gomorrah, brimstone
and fire from the Lord out of hea-
ven." All the cities were destroyed;
all the people died. Lot was saved,
with his two daughters; but "his
wife looked back from behind him,
and she became a pillar of salt."
In the morning, Abraham rose
very early, and went to look toward
Sodom. No beautiful city was there
now; it was all black with smoke;
the houses destroyed; the people
killed. But God had remembered
Abraham's prayer for Lot, and kept
him safely. But Lot had no house
to live in; no riches, no possessions:
he lived in a cave, with his two
daughters, and was thankful to be
even there.




OON after this, Isaac, the
the child of promise, was
born. Ishmael, the son
of Hagar, was now al-
most grown up, and he
behaved very unkindly to his little
brother Isaac, mocking him in his
play. This was very wrong, and it
grieved and displeased Abraham
and Sarah; and Sarah said, "Cast
out the bond-woman and her son."
And God commanded Abraham to
do this; so he rose in the morning,
and called Hagar, and gave her a
bottle of water, and bread, and her
son Ishmael, and sent them both
away: they went into the wilder-
ness of Beersheba. The water in
the bottle was soon spent; it was
very hot, and Ishmael fainted, and
his mother cast him under a bush,
and she sat by herself, and wept.
But God heard Ishmael cry, and an
angel called to Hagar from heaven,
and said, "Hagar, fear not; God
hath heard the voice of the lad
where he is. Arise, lift up the lad,
and hold him in thy hand." Then
God showed Hagar "a well of wa-
ter; and she went, and filled her
bottle with water, and gave the lad
drink." And God was with Ish-
mael, and made him well, and he
grew up, and lived in the wilderness.
Afterwards, he had many children,
and they became a great people, as
the angel had foretold.
God can take care of us wherever
we are; He can keep us when we
are ill, and make us well and strong
again. When we are in sorrow, we
should pray to God, and He will

hear us; and if we have done wrong,
like Hagar and Ishmael, we must
pray for pardon, and ask to be made
humble, and gentle, and holy. All
our hearts are full of anger, and
disobedience, and pride; but God
will give us the Holy Spirit, if we
ask him, to make us gentle, and
obedient, and humble.
After Hagar and Ishmael were
gone away, God called to Abraham,
and said, Take now thy son, thine
only son Isaac, and offer him for a
burnt-offering, upon a mountain
which I will show thee." Did God
wish to make Abraham unhappy,
and to kill his son ? No, God only
wished to try Abraham's faith; to
see if Abraham would be obedient,
and if he loved God more than his
dear child. Abraham obeyed di-
rectly; for he knew God's command
must be right, and he believed that
God had power even to raise Isaac
to life again after he was dead. All
God does is good and right. When
He sends us pain, or sickness, or
sorrow, He does it wisely, for good,
not for evil; we cannot know why,
but God knows; let us ask Him to
make us as obedient to His will as
Abraham was.
Abraham arose in the morning,
and saddled his ass, and took two
servants with him, and Isaac, and
wood for the burnt-offering, and
went to the place God showed
him. As they walked along, and
Abraham thought what he was to
do to his dear son, his good, obe-
dient child, he must have felt very
sad; but Abraham loved God more


than he loved Isaac; and God gave
him strength willingly to obey
His command. After three days,
they saw afar off the mountain
where Isaac was to be offered. Then
Abraham said to his servants, "Stay
here with the ass; and I and the
lad will go yonder, and worship,
and come again to you." So the
servants stayed, and Abraham and
his son went towards the mountain.
As they walked along, Isaac said,
"My father, behold the fire and the
wood, but where is the lamb for a
burnt-offering ?" For Isaac did not
yet know that he was to be the
lamb. Abraham said, "God will
provide a lamb, my son." So they
went on, and came to the place
of which God had told Abraham.
And then, Abraham built the altar,
and put the wood upon it, and
bound Isaac, and laid him upon the
altar, and took the knife to slay his
son. But the angel of the Lord
called unto Abraham, out of hea-
ven, and said, "Lay not thy hand

upon the lad; for now I know that
thou fearest God, because thou hast
not withheld thy son, thine only
son, from him." Then Abraham
looked, and saw a ram, caught in a
bush by the horns, and he offered
the ram for a burnt-offering, instead
of Isaac. And the angel called
again to Abraham, and said, "Be-
cause thou hast done this thing,
blessing, I will bless thee, and mul-
tiplying, I will multiply thee; and
all nations shall be blessed in thy
The Lord Jesus Christ was the
seed of Abraham, who came to save
sinners, to be a blessing to all peo-
ple. God so loved the world, that
He sent His only begotten Son, that
whosoever believeth in Him should
not perish, but have eternal life."
Jqhn iii. 17. Abraham gave his
son to God; God gave His Son for
us; "the Father sent the Son to
be the Saviour of the world." 1
John iv. 14.



ARAH was now 127 years
old, and she died in He-
bron, and Abraham and
Isaac wept for her. Abra-
ham bought the field of
Machpelah, where there was a cave,
for a burying-place; and there he
laid the body of Sarah. But Sa-
rah's soul did not die; it went to
heaven, to be with God for ever. It
is very sad to see our dear friends
die, and to see their bodies put into
the coffin, and laid in the tomb;


but if they loved God, as we may
believe Sarah did, then we know
their souls are gone to heaven, to
be safe and happy there; and if we
too love God, we shall go to meet
them when we die, and never part
from them again. This thought
comforted Abraham.
Abraham had a good and faithful
servant named Eliezer, who had
lived with him, and Sarah, and Isaac,
many years. Abraham called Elie-
zer, and said, "Go now to Mesopo-


tamia, where I used to live, and find
there a wife for my son Isaac, and
bring her here." Abraham did not
wish his son to marry one of the
women of Canaan, because they
were idolators. Eliezer obeyed; he
took ten of his master's camels, and
went away to Mesopotamia. When
he came there, it was evening; and
he was tired, and sat down by a
He did not know the people who
lived there, nor whom to choose
for a wife for Isaac; but he prayed
to God to direct him, and God heard
his prayer. He soon saw a young
woman coming to the well; she
carried a pitcher, and she went, and
filled her pitcher with water out of
the well. The servant asked her to
give him some water; and she was
very kind, and gave him the pitcher,
and then she gave water to the
camels. Eliezer had asked God to
show him, by this sign, the wife
whom he was to take for Isaac, and
now he felt quite sure that this was
the right person; so he took two
bracelets, and put them upon her
hand, and gave her a gold ear-ring,
and asked, Whose daughter art
thou ?" She told him her name was
Rebekah, and her father was Be-
thuel, a relation of Abraham. Then
Eliezer went home, and staid with
Bethuel and his family. And he
asked if Rebekah might go to He-
bron, and marry Isaac; and they
were willing she should go, for they
believed it was God's will. So Re-
bekah left her father, and mother,
and brothers, and sisters; and went
with her nurse and her maids, upon
camels, with Eliezer, to Hebron.
And then Eliezer told Isaac all
about Rebekah; and how God had
answered his prayer; and Isaac

loved her, and she became his wife;
and God blessed them.
Abrahant was now a very old man,
175 years old. He died, and his
sons Isaac and Ishmael laid his body
by Sarah, in the cave in the field of
Machpelah, and his happy soul
went to God whom he loved.
God gave two sons to Isaac and
Rebekah. Their names were Esau
and Jacob. When they grew up,
Esau was fond of hunting in the
field, but Jacob was very quiet, and
liked to stay in his tent. One day,
when Esau had been hunting, he
came home very hot, and tired, and
hungry. Jacob was eating pottage
in the tent, and his brother said to
him, Give me pottage, for I am
faint." Jacob said, "Sell me thy
birthright;" and Esau sold his
birthright for the pottage, and Ja-
cob gave him the food he wanted,
and Esau went away. But God
was not pleased with Esau: he had
done what was wrong. He was the
eldest son of his father, and it was
his privilege and duty to offer sacri-
fices, as a priest in his family; this
was his birthright. But Esau did
not love holy things; he did not
believe in Jesus, who should come
and be a sacrifice to take away the
sin of the world. He thought Ja-
cob might attend to these things,
but he cared only for the pottage;
and for that he was willing to lose
his birthright.
It is very sad, and very wicked,
to despise holy things, as Esau did:
to care more for our bodies than
our souls; to think more about
what we shall eat and drink, than
about what we must do to be
saved. Jesus says, Seek first the
kingdom of God and his right-
eousness." Matthew vi. 33.


Jacob was a better man than
Esau. But it was not right of him
to take away Esau's birthright,
when his brother was hungry, and
asked for bread. We ought to be
glad to give away what we have,
and not wish to be paid for being
Isaac loved Esau, because he eat
of his venison, but Rebekah loved
Jacob. Isaac was now a very old

man: he could not see; his eyes
were dim with age. But God was
with Isaac; He did not forget him.
God will keep His people all their
lives; when they are young, and
when they grow old; and when
they die, He will be with them, and
bring them safely to heaven. He
says, "I will never leave thee, nor
forsake thee." Hebrews xiii. 5.



SAAC felt he must now
soon die, and he called
SEsau, and said to him,
t Go now, and bring me
savoury meat, that I may
eat it, and bless thee, before I die."
Esau obeyed: he took his bow and
his arrow, and went into the field
to hunt for venison. When Rebe-
kah heard Isaac speak to Esau, she
was not pleased, because she wished
Isaac to bless Jacob, for God had
said Jacob should be greater than
Esau. So she called Jacob, and
said, Esau is now gone to hunt
for venison, that his father may eat
and bless him. Now obey me, and
go, and kill two kids, and I will
make savoury meat, and thou shalt
bring it to thy father, that he may
eat, and bless thee." But Jacob
said, I know my father cannot see,
but he can feel. Esau is a hairy
man, and I am a smooth man; and
if my father feel me, he will know
I am Jacob, and not Esau, and I shall.
seem to him a deceiver, and bring a
curse upon me, and not a blessing."
But Rebekah told Jacob to go and

bring the kids quickly, and he
obeyed, and went. It is right for
children to obey their parents when
the parents tell them to do right,
but not when they tell them to do
wrong. We must obey God more
than man, or woman, or father, or
mother. Jacob knew it was wicked
to try to deceive his blind father,
and he ought to have told his
mother so respectfully and meekly.
Jacob and his mother both dis-
pleased God then.
Rebekah took the kids which
Jacob brought, and made savoury
meat, such as his father loved, and
then she took Esau's clothes, and
put them upon Jacob; and she put
the hairy skins of the kids upon
his neck and hands, that he might
feel rough like Esau, and sent him
with the meat to his father. So
Jacob came in, and said, "My
father, here is the venison; rise,
eat, and bless me." But Isaac ask-
ed, "How didst thou find it so
quickly, my son ?" Then Jacob
said, Because the Lord brought it
to me." Isaac told his son to come


near to him: and he felt him, and
asked, "Art thou my very son
Esau ? The voice is like Jacob's
voice, but the hands are the hands
of Esau." Then Jacob again said,
"Yes, I am Esau, thy eldest son,
Esau." Isaac now believed him,
and he called him near, and eat the
meat, and drank the wine which
Jacob gave him. Then he blessed
and kissed his deceitful son, and
told him what should happen in a
future time; for God taught Isaac
to prophesy. He said, "The Lord
bless thee, and give thee plenty of
corn and wine; let people serve
thee, and be lord over thy breth-
ren." All this was fulfilled, when
the Israelites, Jacob's children, af-
terwards possessed the fruitful land
of Canaan, and became a powerful
Isaac finished blessing Jacob, and
Jacob went away. Esau was now
come home, and he brought the
venison to Isaac; for he did not
know what his brother had done.'
When Esau asked his father to
bless him, Isaac wondered very
much, and said, "Who art thou ?"
and Esau answered, "I am thine
eldest son, Esau." Then Isaac
trembled, and asked again, Who ?
Who was he that came, and brought
me venison, and I eat, and blessed
him before thou camest? yes, and
he shall be blessed." When Esau
heard this, he cried and said, "0
bless me, even me, also, my father;"
and Esau wept. But Isaac told
him, that though God would give
Esau many blessings, yet Jacob
would be greater than he; and this
made Esau very angry, and he
thought, My father will die soon,
and then I will slay my brother

Jacob." When Rebekah knew that
Esau hated Jacob, and wished to
kill him, she called her younger son
and said, "Go now to Haran, where
my brother Laban lives, thy uncle;
and stay there a few days, till Esau's
anger is turned away, and then I
will send, and fetch thee." So
Isaac and Rebekah blessed Jacob,
and prayed God to keep him safely,
and sent him away to Padan-
It was night. Jacob was weary,
and he lay down on the cold ground,
and put hard stones under his head
for a pillow, and soon fell asleep.
And God gave him a beautiful
dream when he was asleep. He saw
a ladder set on the earth, and its
top reached to heaven, and holy an-
gels were going up and down upon
it. Above it stood the Lord, and
He spoke to Jacob. He said, "I
am the God of Abraham, and the
God of Isaac. I will give the land
where thou list, to thy children,
for a possession." And then the
Lord told Jacob, that a Saviour
should come into the world, who
would be a blessing to all people,
and He said, "I am with thee, and
will keep thee in all places, and
bring thee again into this land."
How thankful Jacob was to hear
the Lord speak to him so kindly,
when he had been so forgetful, and
so unthankful to God! God's eye
is always upon us, when we sleep,
and when we wake. He always
remembers us, though we very of-
forget Him, as Jacob did. Let
us think of Him, and love Him
When Jacob awoke, he said,
"God is in this place, and I knew
it not;" and he was afraid and


said," How dreadful is this place! the place to b3 remembered as holy
This is the house of God, and the ground; and he called the name of
gate of Heaven !" Then he took the it Bethel, or the house of God, be-
stone, and set it up for a pillar, and cause God appeared to him there.
poured oil upon it, for he wished



SEFORE Jacob went away
from Bethel, he prayed to
God, and asked him to
keep him, and be with
him, wherever he went;
and to give him bread to eat, and
clothes to put on; and to bring
him again to his father's house.
And then, Jacob said, "The Lord
shall be my God." He felt now,
that God alone could make him
happy, and he really wished to love
and obey God with all his heart.
Jacob must have been very sorry for
his past sins, his wicked lies and
deceit; and he prayed for the par-
don of them all; but when God
had forgiven him, and blessed him,
then Jacob was happy. Jacob went
on, and came to Padan-aram. He
saw a field, and a well, and flocks of
sheep, and shepherds by it. The
shepherds rolled away the stone
from the well's mouth, and watered
the sheep, and put the stone back
again, to keep the water safely.
Then Jacob 'asked the men, "Do
you know Laban ? Is he well?"
And they said, Yes, we know him:
he is well, and his daughter Rachel
is coming with the sheep." Rachel
was a cousin of Jacob's, and he was
very glad to see her, and told her
his name. And Jacob wept when
he saw her. Rachel told her father


Laban, that Jacob was come; and
Laban went to meet him, and
brought him home, and asked him
to stay in his house. Jacob lived
many years with Laban, and kept
his sheep; and, after some time, he
married his cousin Rachel, whom
he loved very much. And God
blessed Jacob and gave him many
children, and great possessions of
sheep, and oxen, and goats, and
camels. But when Laban saw that
Jacob had more cattle than he had,
he was angry and jealous, and
looked unkindly at Jacob. But God
would not let Laban do anything to
hurt Jacob, for He remembered
His promise at Bethel, I will be
with thee." And so God told Ja-
cob to go away from Laban, and to
return to Canaan. Then Jacob called
his family, and put them upon
camels, and took all his cattle, and
his possessions, and went away se-
cretly. Three days after, Laban
heard that he was gone, and he ran
after Jacob, and overtook him in
Mount Gilead. But in the night,
God came to Laban, and told him
not to hurt Jacob. So they made a
covenant, and promised to be kind
one to the other, and then they
parted. "In the morning Laban
rose up, and kissed his sons and his
daughters, and blessed them; and


Laban departed, and returned unto
his place."
When Laban was gone, Jacob
went on towards Canaan, and as he
went, he saw some angels coming to
meet him. They were sent by God
to comfort Jacob, and to tell him
that God was there, to bless and
keep him. Jacob and his family
were now near Seir, where his
brother Esau lived. So Jacob sent
servants before, to tell Esau, that
he had lived many years with Laban,
and was now coming home, and
that he was very rich, and had
many oxen, and asses, and camels,
and servants, and he very humbly
begged Esau to be kind and friend-
ly to him. But when the servants
came back to Jacob, they said,
"Esau is coming to meet thee, and
400 men with him." Then Jacob
was very much afraid, for he
thought, that perhaps Esau was
still angry with him, and was com-
ing to kill him and all his family.
So he divided the people who were
with him, and prepared to meet
Esau. He took goats, and sheep,
and oxen, and camels, and told a
servant to stand by them, and to
say when Esau came, Thy servant
Jacob gives these to my lord Esau."
It was very right of Jacob to be-
have humbly to Esau, and very
wise of him too, thus to try to sub-
due Esau's anger by kindness. But
after all, Jacob knew he had no
power to help and save himself;
only God could save him, so he

went and prayed to Him. And
when we are sorry and afraid, we
should do the same, and God prom-
ises to hear us; He says, "Call
upon me in the time of trouble, and
I will deliver thee." Ps. i. 15.
God heard Jacob's prayer. In
the night, when Jacob was alone, a
man came to him, and wrestled
with him. Jacob knew who he was,
and he asked for a blessing from
him. And the Lord blessed Jacob,
and gave him the new name of Israel,
which means a prince with God.
And Jacob called the place, Peniel,
or the face of God, because he had
there seen God face to face. Jacob
felt now peaceful and happy, and
when he saw Esau coming, he had
no fear. He went to meet him, and
bowed to the ground seven times.
And he had now no need to fear:
for God had subdued Esau's anger,
in answer to Jacob's prayer. Esau
ran, and fell on Jacob's neck and
kissed him." They both wept; for
they thought of their past hatred,
and unkindness to one another; but
now they wished to live in peace
and brotherly love. Jacob's family
all came, and bowed respectfully to
Esau; and Jacob gave Esau the
camels, and goats, and oxeU. Esau
refused to take them at first, but
Jacob urged him, so he took them.
This was a happy end to all their
anger and disputings. Let us learn
from it how good and how pleas-
ant it is, for brethren to dwell
together in unity." Ps. cxxxiii. 1.




UTT Esau and Jacob could
not stay long together.
Jacob went on his jour-
Sney, and Esau returned
to Seir. They parted
very affectionately; and then Jacob
went to Shechem, and staid there.
And now Jacob had new troubles.
His family soon forgot God, and be-
gan to worship idols; and his sons
were disobedient, and passionate,
and cruel. But God said to Jacob,
" Go now to Bethel, and make an al-
tar there unto God." It was at Bethel
that Jacob saw the ladder, many
years before, when God promised to
keep him, and to be with him
wherever he went; and God had
not forgotten His promise, though
Jacob had forgotten Bethel. God
always remembers His people, but
they are often ungrateful, and do
not remember Him.
Jacob obeyed God directly. He
told his family to bring to him all
their foolish idols; and he talked
to them about God, and told them
they must not again make Him an-
gry, by worshipping gods which
could not help or save them; and
he took away these idols, and hid
them under a tree in Shechem.
Then they all went to Bethel; and
there Jacob built an altar,' and
praised his God who had taken care
of him so many years. God came
to Jacob, and blessed him in Bethel.
He called him by his new name,
Israel; and told him again, that his
children after him should possess
the land of Canaan.
Soon after this, death came into


Jacob's family. First, Deborah
died, Rebekah's nurse, and was
buried under an oak at Bethel.
And then, when they came to
Ephrath, Rachel too died, and was
buried there. The body was laid in
the tomb; and Jacob set a pillar
upon her grave; but her soul went
to Heaven, where is no more death,
nor sorrow, nor pain. She left
a babe named Benjamin. Chil-
dren who lose their parents and
friends, will have God for their
Father, if they ask Him to take
care of them; and He will never
leave them; when their father and
mother forsake them, then the Lord
will take them up. Ps. xxvii. 10.
Jacob and his family went on
now to Hebron, where Abraham
and Isaac had lived so many years,
Jacob's old home. Were his father
and mother there now ? Not Re-
bekah, she was dead; Jacob never
saw his mother again. But Isaac
was alive; he was now 180 years
old. Jacob was glad to see his
father once more, and to have his
forgiveness, and his blessing; and
Isaac must have rejoiced to know,
that Jacob was now a better man;
that he loved God with all his heart,
and that his past sins had been re-
pented of, and forgiven. Isaac soon
after died, and his happy soul went
to Heaven. Then Esau came to
see Isaac for the last time; and he
and Jacob wept together over their
father and buried him. Esau and
Jacob loved one another now; but
they could not live together, be-
cause, like Abraham and Lot, they


were both very rich, and there was
not room for all their cattle. So Esau
went again to Mount Seir, or Edom,
where he lived like a king, and had
great possessions, and became very
powerful. But Jacob staid in
Canaan, where his fathers Abraham
and Isaac had lived, in the land
which God had promised to give to
them, and to their children.
If God is pleased to give us riches
and possessions in this world, we
must be thankful for them, and use
them to His glory. If we have
money, we ought to be glad to give
to the poor, and not to keep all for
ourselves. But if God makes us
poor, then we must not murmur,
nor be discontented; we must not
wish for more, nor covet the posses-
sions of the rich. And whether
rich or poor, we should ask God

to give us a possession above, in Hea-
Jacob was now an old man: he
had known much sorrow in past
years; Esau's hatred; Laban's un-
kindness; his fear that his brother
would come and hurt him; his long
journeys far from his home and pa-
rents; the death of his wife, and
his father; Jacob remembered all
these troubles. But then he re-
membered, too, how merciful God
had been to him; how he had kept
him all his life; and delivered
him from all evil: and Jacob felt
he could love God, and trust Him
for ever. God will not forget His
people, even when they are old and
helpless. He says, To hoar hairs
will I carry you; I have made, and
I will bear; I will carry, and will
deliver you." Isaiah xlvi. 4.



ACOB had twelve sons:-
Reuben, Simeon, Levi,
Judah, Dan, Naphtali,
Gad, Asher, Issachar, and
Zebulon, who were grown
up: Joseph, who was seventeen
years old, and little Benjamin. The
ten eldest were wicked men, but
Joseph feared God: and Jacob loved
him more than the others, and he
gave him a coat of many colors.
The ten brothers were jealous, when
they saw their father loved Joseph
so much, and they hated Joseph,
and were very unkind to him. But
God was with Joseph, to love and
keep him.
One night, God sent a wonderful


dream to Joseph. He thought he
was binding sheaves of corn in the
field with his brothers; and the
sheaves of his brothers arose, and
stood up, and bowed before Joseph's
sheaf. God told Joseph, by this
dream, that his brothers should
obey him, and that he should rule
over them; but they laughed, and
were very angry, when he told them
his dream. Soon after, he dreamed
again, and saw the sun, and moon,
and eleven stars bow before him.
Joseph told his dream to his father,
and his brothers: Jacob understood
the meaning of the dream, and
thought much about it; but the
brothers only envied him still more.


Jacob's sons were shepherds, and
took care of their father's flocks:
and the ten eldest went to feed the
sheep in Shechem; but Joseph and
little Benjamin were with Jacob.
One day, Israel called Joseph, and
said, Go now, and see if thy breth-
ren are well, and if the flocks are
well, and bring me word again." So
Joseph went away from Hebron,
and came to Shechem; but his
brothers were not there, and he was
told that they were gone to Dothan.
Then Joseph went on to Dothan,
and there he found them. And
now some of these wicked men said,
when they saw him afar off, Here
comes the dreamer: now let us slay
him, and cast him into a pit, and
say an evil beast has devoured him;
and we shall see what will become
of his dreams." But Reuben said,
" Let us not kill him, but cast him
into this pit;" for Reuben was less
cruel, and thought he could then
take him out, and bring him home
safely to his father. So when Jo-
seph came to them, his cruel broth-
ers seized him, and tore off his coat
of many colors, and threw him into
the pit; the pit was empty, there
was no water in it; and then they
sat down, and eat bread.
While these wicked, cruel brothers
were eating, they looked up, and
saw a great many people coming
towards them. The people were
Ishmaelites, children of Ishmael,
the son of Hagar. They came from

Gilead; and they had camels, which
carried the spices they were going
to take into Egypt. When Judah
saw the Ishmaelites, he persuaded
his brothers to sell Joseph to them,
for Judah loved money; so Joseph
was taken out of the pit, and sold
for twenty pieces of silver; and the
Ishmaelites took him, and brought
him to Egypt, and there they sold
him again to a man named Poti-
phar. Reuben was not with his
brothers when Joseph was sold; and
when he came back to the pit, and
did not find him, he rent his clothes,
and ran to his brothers, and said,
"The child is not; and I, whither
shall I go?" But they cared noth-
ing for Reuben's sorrow. They
killed a kid, and dipped Joseph's
coat of many colors in the blood;
and then they went home, and
showed the coat to their father, and
said, "This have we found; know
now if it be thy son's coat or not."
Jacob remembered the coat directly;
and he said, "It is my son's coat;
an evil beast hath devoured him;
Joseph is, without doubt, rent in
pieces." And then Jacob wept, and
rent his clothes, and refused to be
comforted. We read that, many
years before, Jacob deceived his
father Isaac; now Jacob's children
deceived him. God does not forget
sin; He had forgiven Jacob; but
Jacob suffered for his wicked deceit
all his life, to teach him what an
evil thing sin is!




OSEPH was a good and
industrious servant to
Potiphar; he was not
idle nor deceitful, nor
disrespectful, nor dishon-
est; and he was very careful of his
master's things; and God blessed
him, and made him a blessing to
Potiphar, and all his family.
Potiphar's wife was a very wicked
woman; she hated Joseph, and
told her husband many things
about him that were not true; and
asked his master to punish him.
Potiphar believed all she said, and
commanded Joseph to be put into
prison. Potiphar did not know
that Joseph had not done wrong;
but God knew all the truth, for He
cannot be deceived.
Joseph went to prison; but God
was with him there. He can keep
His people wherever they are, and
comfort them in all their sorrows;
and He blessed Joseph, and made
the keeper of the prison love him.
Joseph took care of every thing in
the prison, and of all the prisoners;
and he was so kind and gentle, that
they loved him, and told him all
their sorrows.
While Joseph was in prison, the
the chief butler and the chief baker
of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, offended
their master, and he sent them both
to prison. One morning, when Jo-
seph came in to see them, he found
them looking sad and unhappy, and
he asked, Why look ye so sadly to-
day ?" They said, "We have dream-
ed dreams; and we have no one to
interpret them to us." Joseph


answered, God sends dreams; He
only knows the interpretation; tell
me your dreams, I pray you." Then
the butler told his dream, and said,
"I saw in my dream a vine, and in
the vine three branches; and they
budded, and the flowers came, and
the fruit ripened; and I took Pha-
raoh's cup, and gathered the grapes,
and pressed them into the cup, and
gave it to Pharoah." Then Joseph
said, The three branches are three
days. In three days Pharaoh will
restore thee to thy place, and thou
shalt give the cup into his hand."
And then Joseph said, Do not for-
get me when it shall be well with
thee; speak for me to Pharaoh, and
bring me out of prison. For I was
stolen away from Canaan, and
brought to Egypt, and I have done
nothing that they should put me
into this dungeon." Then the ba-
ker told his dream and said, "I had
three baskets upon my head; they
were full of baked meats for Pha-
raoh; and the birds came, and eat
the meat out of the baskets on my
head." Joseph answered, "The
three baskets are three days. In
three days, Pharaoh will hang thee
upon a tree, and the birds shall eat
thy flesh from off thee."
All happened as Joseph said, for
God had given him wisdom and
power to interpret the dreams right-
ly. In three days was Pharaoh's
birth-day, and he made a feast for
all his servants, and called the but-
ler and baker out of prison. He
forgave the butler, and restored him
to his place, and he gave the cup


into Pharaoh's hand; but the baker
was hanged, as Joseph said.
Did the butler remember Joseph,
and ask the king to take him out
of prison ? No: he quite forgot
him: when he was happy and safe

himself, he thought no more about
Joseph. But God always remem-
bers us; He says to every one who
serves him, "They may forget, but
I will not forget thee." Isaiah
xlix. 15.




,WO years after the butler
came out of prison, Pha-
Sraoh king of Egypt had
two wonderful dreams.
He thought he stood by
the river, and saw seven fat kine
come out of it, and feed in a mea-
dow. Soon after he saw seven other
kine come out, very thin and bad;
and they eat up the seven fat ones.
So Pharaoh awoke. Then he slept
again, and dreamed; and he saw
seven fine good ears of corn come
up upon one stem; and soon after,
seven ears more, very bad and thin;
and the bad ears devoured the seven
good ears; and the king awoke. In
the morning, Pharaoh wondered
what these dreams could mean, and
he called all his wise men, and ask-
ed them to interpret them. But
they had no heavenly wisdom, and
God did not enable them to explain
the dreams He had sent to Pharaoh.
But when the butler heard Pharaoh
and the wise men talking together
about the dreams, he remembered
his own dream, which he had two
years before, and which Joseph had
interpreted so truly; and he went
to Pharaoh, and said, I remember
to-day my faults long ago, when the
king was angry, and sent me to
prison with the chief baker. We

dreamed, in one night, I and he;
and there was a young man, a He-
brew, in the prison with us; and he
interpreted our dreams to us; and
as he interpreted, so it was; I was
forgiven and the baker was hanged."
Then Pharaoh sent, and called for
Joseph directly.
Joseph had been a long time in
the prison; but though the butler
had forgotten him, his Father in
Heaven had not forgotten him:
God was now doing wonderful
things for Joseph, which he did not
yet know. Joseph washed, and
shaved, and took off his prison
clothes, and put on new, and came
to Pharaoh. Then the king told
his dreams, and asked Joseph to in-
terpret them. But Joseph was not
proud of his wisdom; he knew he
had no power, no wisdom, in him-
self; but that all he had God gave
to him; and so he said to Pharaoh,
"It is not in me: God shall give
Pharaoh an answer of peace." And
God taught Joseph rightly to inter-
pret the dreams. He said, "The
seven fat kine, and the seven good
ears of corn, are seven years of
great fruitfulness; and the seven
thin kine, and the seven bad ears,
are seven years of famine. Seven
Years are coming of great plenty in


the land of Egypt; and then seven
years of famine will begin, when
there will be no corn. Now let
Pharaoh look for a wise man, and
set him over the land; and let him
gather up the corn in the seven good
years, and keep it laid up in all the
cities of Egypt: that when the sev-
en years of famine come, there may
be food to eat." Pharaoh was
pleased with Joseph's wisdom and
advice; and he said, Joseph should
rule over the land, and the people
should obey him. Then the king
gave him a ring, and put a chain
upon his neck, and dressed him in
fine linen, and made him ride in a
chariot; and all the people honored
During the seven plenteous years,
Joseph commanded the people to
gather up the corn, and lay it safely
in barns and storehouses; and they
gathered very much corn; so much
that they could not count it. But
the seven good years ended, and
then the seven bad years began. It
was a sad time. There was no corn
to reap: all was dry and dead; and
the poor people cried for food.
The famine was in Canaan also;
Jacob and his sons had no bread.
But the Egyptians came to Joseph,
and he opened all the store-houses,
and sold corn to them: and when
that was gone, they came again, and
bought more; and Joseph had
plenty for them all. So when Ja-
cob heard that there was corn in
Egypt, he sent his ten eldest sons
to buy some: but Benjamin staid
with his father; for Jacob loved
him so much, that he did not like
him to go away. The ten brothers
went to Egypt, and came and stood
before Joseph, and bowed to the

ground. Did they remember Jo-
seph ? No: for Joseph was only a
boy when he went to Egypt; and
now he was a man thirty-seven
years old: but Joseph remembered
his brothers directly, and he re-
membered, too, his dream of the
sheaves of his brothers bowing down
to him; how wonderfully that dream
was now explained! But Joseph
did not tell his brothers who he was,
for he wished to try if they were
still wicked, cruel, deceitful men;
or if they were sorry for their past
sins, and had turned to God. So
he asked, Who are you ? Whence
do you come ?" They said, "We
come from Canaan to buy corn."
Then he asked again, "Have you
more brothers ?" They said, We
were twelve brothers; but now one
is not, and the youngest is with his
father in the land of Canaan." But
Joseph said, "I do not know if you
tell me the truth or not: I will
prove you: one of you shall stay
here a prisoner; and the others shall
go, and take corn for your families,
and bring your youngest brother to
me; then I shall know that you
are true men." The brothers were
much distressed to hear this, and
Joseph too was distressed to see
their sorrow; and he turned away
and wept. Then he hid his tears,
and took Simeon, and bound him
before their eyes.
Joseph did all this not from re-
venge, but to make his brothers
remember and feel their past sins,
and their unkindness to him. And
so they did. They said one to an-
other, We are verily guilty con-
cerning our brother, because we saw
the anguish of his soul when he be-
sought us, and we would not hear:


therefore is this distress come upon Be sure your sin will find you
us." Sin, secret sin, will always at out." Num. xxxii. 23.
last be discovered, and punished.



HE nine brothers paid
Joseph for the corn; and
he told his servants to fill
their sacks, and to give
them food to eat on the
road. Then he told the servant to
put the money they had paid, into
the sacks again secretly; and the
brothers laid the sacks upon their
asses, and went away. When they
came to the inn, one man opened
his sack, to give food to his ass, and
there he saw his money again; and
when they came home, they all
found their money put again into
the sacks; and they wondered very
much how this could be. Jacob
was very sorry when he heard that
Simeon was a prisoner in Egypt,
and that Benjamin was to go with
his brothers; and he said, My son
shall not go with you. Me have ye
bereaved of my children; Joseph is
not, and Simeon is not; and ye will
take Benjamin away." Reuben an-
swered, Give him to me, I will
bring him to thee again." But Ja-
cob would not let him go.
When all the corn was eaten, and
Jacob and his sons had no more
food, Jacob said to his sons, "Go
again to Egypt; buy us a little
food." But they answered, "We
must not, we dare not go without
Benjamin; for the man solemnly
commanded us to bring him." Then
Judah said, Send the lad with me,


and we will go. I will be surety for
him." Then Jacob remembered,
that the same gracious God who had
kept him all his life, had power to
keep his dear child also; so at last
he said, "If it must be so, go; take
a present for the man; fruit, and
nuts, and honey, and spices; and
give him again the money you
found in your sacks, and take more
money for the new corn, and go,
and Benjamin may go with you;
and God give you mercy before the
man, that he may send away your
other brother, and Benjamin." Then
they all arose, and took Benjamin,
and went to Egypt again.
Jacob was alone now: but still
God was with him, to keep and
comfort him. What a blessing it is
to those who love God, that He is
always near them; His eye upon
them; His hand around them! He
can comfort His people in all their
sorrows, as He comforted Jacob in
his sorrow. He says, "I will never
fail thee, nor forsake thee." Josh.
i. 5.
When Joseph saw Benjamin com-
ing with his brothers, he said to his
servant, "Bring the men home;
they shall dine with me to-day." So
the servant obeyed, and brought
them all to Joseph's house, and
talked kindly to them, and gave
them water, and washed their feet,
and fed their asses; and Simeon


was sent to them out of prison.
When Joseph came home, his broth-
ers gave him the present they had
brought, and bowed before him;
but Joseph would not take their
money. Then he asked, "Is your
father well ?" And they said, "He
is well." Then he asked again, "Is
this your youngest brother ?" and
he looked very affectionately at
Benjamin, and said, "God be gra-
cious unto thee, my son." The tears
were in Joseph's eyes, but he did
not wish his brothers to see him weep;
he went into his own room, and
wept there. It was love and thank-
fulness that made him weep. Then
he washed his face and went to
them again, and told the servants to
set on bread. Then they made a
feast, and Joseph sent messes to all
his brothers; but Benjamin's mess
was five times larger than any of the
others; and "they drank and were
merry with him."
When they had finished, Joseph
said secretly to his servant, Put
the men's corn-money into their
sacks again ; and take my silver cup,
and put it into Benjamin's sack."
The servant obeyed; and in the
morning he sent them all away.
When they were gone, Joseph told
his servant to run after the men,
and accuse them of having stolen
the cup, the silver cup out which
his master drank. The man went
quickly, and soon overtook the
brothers, and told them all Joseph
had said. The brothers wondered
very much, for they knew they had
stolen nothing, and they said, With
whomsoever the cup is found, let
him die, and we will be slaves to my
lord." So they all took down their
sacks, and the servant looked, and

found the cup in Benjamin's sack,
wl]ere he had put it. Then the
brothers rent their clothes, and went
back again to Joseph, and fell down
before him. And Joseph said, "What
is this that you have done ?" Judah
answered, "What shall we say?
God has found out our iniquity:
behold we are my lord's servants."
But Joseph said, "The man with
whom the cup was found, he shall
be my servant; but go you in peace
to your father." Then Judah came
near to Joseph, and said, "I am
surety for the lad unto my father: let
me then abide, instead of the lad, a
bondman to my lord; and let the
lad go with his brethren: for how
shall I go to my father, and the lad
be not with me? lest I see the evil
that shall come on my father."
Then Joseph said to the servants,
" Go out from me." And every one
went away, and Joseph stood alone
with his brothers. Then he wept
aloud, and said, I am Joseph your
brother whom ye sold into Egypt: is
my father yet alive ?" His brothers
could not answer, but Joseph spoke
very gently to them again, and said,
"Do not be sorry, nor angry with
yourselves because you sold me into
Egypt: for God sent me here to
preserve life. He has done wonders
for me, and given me wisdom, to
lay up corn for the famine, that the
people may not die. Hasten now,
and bring my father to me to Egypt;
and I will nourish him and you, all
the years of famine. Tell him that
I live, and that I am a rich and
happy man in Egypt; and that
God has kept and blessed me all the
years I have lived here." Then he
fell upon his brothers' necks, and
kissed them, and wept upon them;


and they all talked and wept to-
King Pharaoh was glad to hear
Joseph's brothers were come, and he
sent a present to Jacob, and wagons
to bring him and all his family to
Egypt. Then Joseph gave clothes,
and money, and food, to his broth-
ers, and sent him away. They went
home rejoicing, and ran to Jacob,
and cried, "Joseph is yet alive, and
he is governor over Egypt." But
Jacob could not believe the good
news, till they showed him the
wagons, and told him that Joseph

had sent them to carry him to
Egypt; and then he said, "It is
enough: Joseph my son is yet alive;
I will go and gee him before I die."
We see now why Joseph, at first,
appeared so harsh to his brothers:
it was to prove them for their good.
When he found they were really
penitent and sincere, and just and
true in what they did, he showed
them directly, how willingly he for-
gave them all. Let us learn, like
Joseph, to return good for evil. "If
thine enemy hunger, feed him."
Rom. xii. 20.



1(v _ACOB and his sons soon
i began their journey to
S Egypt. It was a long0
Journey, but a very hap-
py one for Jacob. When
they came to Beersheba, Israel of-
fered sacrifices to God, and thanked
and praised Him for all His mercies.
In the night, God spoke to Jacob,
and said, I am God; the God of
thy fathers Abraham and Isaac;
fear not to go to Egypt; for I Will
be with thee; and will make thee
there a great people; and, in a fu-
ture time, I will bring thy children's
children again to Canaan." Then
Jacob arose, and went to Egypt
with all his family; his sons and
their wives, and their children, sev-
enty people. When Joseph saw the
wagons coming, he commanded his
servant to bring his chariot, and
rode in it to meet Jacob. Joseph
fell on his father's neck, and kissed
him, and they both wept a long

time. They had much to tell one
another: all the wonderful things
God had done; all their past sor-
rows and fears; and all their joy
The next day, Joseph brought his
father and his brothers to king Pha-
raoh. The king was very glad to
see them, and he spoke gently and
kindly to old Jacob, and asked,
"How old art thou ?" Jacob said,
"The days of my pilgrimage are a
hundred and thirty years; few and
evil have the years of my life been."
And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and
went out. Joseph gave his father
and his brothers a possession in
Egypt, and fed them with bread all
the years of famine. The people
still came to Joseph to buy corn,
but now all their money was gone:
Joseph took it, and gave it to Pha-
raoh. Then the people brought
their cattle, and gave them for corn:
and when they were gone, they sold


their fields: so all the land of Egypt
became Pharaoh's, except the land of
the priests, which was not sold.
After the famine was over, God
sent corn and bread in plenty again.
The story of Joseph is won-
derful. He knew not why God
sent him to Egypt; nor why he was
put in prison; nor why he was so
many years alone and sorrowful, far
away from his dear father. But



God knew why: He is wise; He
knows all things: He sees the
end of all, and He commands all;
and He does all rightly. Let us
love and serve this wise, and great,
and gracious God! Then He will
be with us, to keep and comfort us,
as he did Joseph: we know that
" All things work together for good
to them that love God." Rom.
viii. 28.

ACOB lived seventeen
; years happily in Egypt
with all his family, and
saw his sons' sons growing
up around him. But now
he was 147 years old, and he became
ill, and felt that he must soon die, and
he sent for his son Joseph, to bless
him, and talk to him. Joseph went
directly to his father, and he took
with him his two sons, Manasseh
and Ephraim. Jacob was very ill,
and lying upon his bed; but when
he saw Joseph, he sat up, and be-
gan to talk to him of that gracious
God who had been so kind to them
all; who had appeared to him many
years before at Bethel, and promised
to give the land of Canaan to his
children for a possession. Then Ja-
cob turned round, and saw Joseph's
two sons standing by their father,
and asked, "Who are they ?" Jo-
seph said, "They are my sons, the
children whom God has given me
in Egypt." Then Jacob told them
to come to him, that he might bless
them: and he put his arms around
them, and kissed them, and thanked

God who had shown them to him.
Then he put his hands upon their
heads, and blessed both them and
their father. He said, "The God
who hath kept my father Abraham
and Isaac, who has taken care of
me all my life, the angel who re-
deemed me from evil, bless the lads."
Then Jacob called all his sons, and
blessed them. God taught him to
prophesy, and he told his sons
of many wonderful things, which
would happen when they were dead,
and in their graves. Jacob told his
sons, that God would bring their
children home again to Canaan after
many years; and he commanded
them not bury him in Egypt, but
to carry his body to Canaan, to the
cave of Machpelah, and bury it
there, by Abraham, and Isaac, and
their families.
When Jacob had finished all he
wished to say, he lay down again on
the bed, and died, and his happy
soul went to God, the God of his
fathers, to be with Him for ever.
Jacob was a sinner, like each of us;
he had done many wicked things;



but all his sins were washed away;
he had asked forgiveness, and God
had heard his prayer, and saved him.
When Joseph saw that Jacob was
dead, he fell upon his father's face,
and wept upon him, and kissed
him." All the people wept for Ja-
cob seventy days. Then Joseph said
to king Pharaoh, "My father com-
manded me not to bury him in
Egypt, but to carry him to Canaan,
to his own grave: let me now go to
Canaan, and bury my father, and
then I will come back again." And
Pharaoh gave him leave; so Joseph,
and his brothers, and their servants,
went up to Canaan with chariots
and horses: but their little children,
and their flocks, staid in Egypt.
They carried with them Jacob's dead
body: and when they came to Ca-
naan, they mourned for him again
seven days; and then went on their
journey, and buried Jacob in the
field of Machpelah, by his fathers
Abraham and Isaac. Let us re-
member, that we too must die, our
bodies must lie in the tomb, as Ja-
cob's did, and our friends will weep

for us, as his children wept for him.
But if our sins have all been par-
doned, as Jacob's were, then we
shall be happy when we die. Bless-
ed are the dead that die in the
Lord." Rev.xiv. 14.
Joseph and his brothers finished
burying their father, and looked at
his tomb for the last time, and went
back to Egypt. And then again
Joseph's brothers asked him to for-
give them, for they had not forgot-
ten their past unkindness to him.
Joseph wept when they spoke to
him, and told them not to fear, for
that he would take care of them.
Then they were comforted, and they
all lived in Egypt in love and peace.
Joseph lived to be 110 years old;
and when he was going to die, he
said to his brothers, I die, but fear
not: God will be with you, and, in
a future time, bring your children
to Canaan." And Joseph told them
to keep his bones, that they might
be carried to Canaan, and be buried
there. So Joseph died, "and they
embalmed him, and he was put in a
coffin in Egypt."



S BOUT this time, there
-Y :. i: was dwelling in Uz, in
y.-> Arabia, a man named Job.
'.'.A Job was a very rich man;
he had great possessions
of sheep, and camels, and oxen, and
asses: he was the greatest man in
the east at that time. And Job
was a holy man, as well as a rich
man. The Bible says, he "feared
God:" the same God whom Abra-


ham, and Isaac, and Jacob feared;
and he hoped as they did, to be
saved by the Lord Jesus Christ,
who was to come into the world to
die for sinners. Job had several
children; and he taught them to
serve God, and prayed for them,
and offered sacrifices for them, ac-
cording to the command of God.
Now there was a day when the
sons of God came to present them-


selves before the Lord; and Satan
came also among them." What
does this mean? Who were the
sons of God, and why did God let
Satan come among them? The
Bible does not tdl us. Perhaps the
sons of God were His true and
faithful servants who came to wor-
ship before Him; and, perhaps,
Satan came among them, as he comes
now among us, to tempt them to sin,
and to lead them away from God.
But God spoke to Satan, and said
to him, "Whence comest thou ?"
And Satan answered, From going
to and fro in the earth, and from
walking up and down in it." Then
God asked Satan again, if he had
considered his servant Job, what a
holy and upright man he was, and
one who feared God. Satan had
long known and hated Job, as he
knows and hates all the people of
God; and he even dared to accuse
Job before God, and to say, that all
his goodness was false and hypo-
critical; and that he pretended to
fear God, only that he might be
rich, and safe, and prosperous, and
not because he really loved him.
God knew all the truth about
Job. He knew that Job was sin-
cere, and not false and hypocritical
as Satan said; but it pleased God
to allow Satan, at that time, to try
Job, and to vex and afflict him;
and God did this for Job's own
good; to make him more humble,
more patient, and more believing.
So the Lord said to Satan, All that
he hath is in thy power, only upon
himself put not forth thine hand."
Then "Satan went forth from the
presence of the Lord," to use all the
power allowed him, to afflict and
trouble righteous Job.

There was a day when Job's sons
and daughters were eating, and
drinking wine in their eldest broth-
er's house; and there came a mes-
senger to Job, and said, The oxen
were ploughing, and the asses feed-
ing beside them, and some enemies,
the Sabeans, fell upon them, and
took them away, and have slailr the
servants with the sword; and I
only am escaped to tell thee." And
while this messenger was speaking,
there came another to Job, and
said, "The fire is fallen from hea-
ven, and has burned up the sheep
and the servants; and I only am
escaped to tell thee." And while
he was speaking, another messenger
came, and said, The Chaldeans fell
upon the camels, and carried them
away, and slew the servants with
the sword, and I only am escaped
to tell thee." And while this man
was speaking, a fourth messenger
came, and said, "Thy sons and
daughters were eating and drinking
in their eldest brother's house, and
there came a great wind, and smote
the house, and it fell upon the young
men, and they are dead; and I only
am escaped to tell thee."
Poor Job! a very little time bo-
fore, he had been the richest and
most prosperous man in the east.
Now, he had lost everything; his
flocks, and his herds, and his ser-
vants, and his children too,-all
were gone. What did he do ? How
did he bear so much sorrow coming
upon him so suddenly? There
was one thing Job still had, and
that enabled him to bear all this
patiently and submissively. Job
had not lost his trust in God. He felt
quite sure that these troubles did
not come without God's permission;


and he knew that God would only
permit what was right and good for
him; so, when Job heard all these
sad tidings, though he arose and
rent his clothes, to show his sorrow,
yet he fell down, and worshipped
God, to show his submission to His
will, and said, The Lord gave, and
the Lord hath taken away, blessed
be the name of the Lord."
Here is an example for us; an
example of patience. We must all

have sorrows and troubles to bear,
though not perhaps so many, and so
great as Job had. Then, whenever
they come upon us, let us pray for
Job's patience, and Job's holy trust in
God. If we have God for our friend,
as Job had, nothing can really hurt
us; and we shall feel this, as he did,
and be willing to submit to all our
trials without murmuring, and to
say, "It is the Lord, let Him do what
seemeth Him good." 1 Sam. iii. 18.



GAIN there was a day
when the sons of God
came to present them-
selves before the Lord, and
Satan came also among
them. Then God spoke to Satan,
as He had done before, and asked
him, if he had considered His ser-
vant Job, who was still faithful,
though he had been so tried and so
afflicted. But Satan was not satis-
fied with all the troubles Job had
suffered; he wished to vex and
afflict him still more: and he told
God, that though Job had borne
the loss of his possessions patiently,
yet, if his body was made to suffer
disease and pain, he would then show
that he was only a hypocrite after
all, and would even curse God to
his face. The Lord was pleased, in
His wisdom, to allow Job to be still
more tried and afflicted, so he said
to Satan, He is in thy hand; but
save his life." Then Satan went
out, and smote Job with sore boils
all over his body.
Job had now to bear pain, as well


as sorrow; yet he was patient and
submissive still. And then he had
another and a new trial. His wife
was living, and she might have
comforted Job in his trouble; but
instead of encouraging him to trust
in God, she advised him to put an
end to his own life;-to kill him-
self. She said, "Curse God, and
die." But Job reproved her for
speaking so wickedly, and said,
" What ? Shall we receive good at
the hand of God, and shall we not
receive evil ?" Job knew that all
came from God's hand and by God's
permission; and therefore, he was
willing to receive whatever hap-
pened to him, whether it were good
or evil.
When Job's friends came to the
place where he was, they looked up,
and saw him, but they did not know
him. He was not now as he once
had been. When they last visited
him, he was prosperous and happy,
with all his family, and all his pos-
sessions, and living in honor and
peace, the greatest man in the east.


But now, all was changed. There
he sat, alone, among the ashes; his
body was covered with a dreadful
disease; all his possessions were
gone, his children were dead, and he
had no one to speak kindly to him,
nor to comfort him. The sight
made his friends feel sad, and They
lifted up their voice and wept."
Then they rent their clothes, and

sprinkled dust upon their heads,
and sat down with him upon the
ground; and for seven days they
did not speak a word to him, for
they saw that his grief was very
great. Sometimes, when our friends
are in very great trouble, as Job
was, it is not well to try to comfort
them by words. It is kinder aid
wiser to feel for them in silence.



T last, Job began to speak,
Sand to complain bitterly
f] of all his sufferings. He
Swas tempted even to wish
he had never been born;
and to murmur, and be impatient,
and to find fault with God himself
who had so afflicted him.
And did not Job's friends encour-
age him to trust in God, and submit
to His will ? No; instead of doing
this, they only added to his grief,
by unkindly and unjustly accusing
him. They told him God never
would have afflicted him so much,
if he had not been a very wicked
man; for they thought, that right-
eous people were always prosperous,
and that only the wicked were
afflicted; so, when they saw Job in
trouble, they said his sufferings
were sent as a punishment for his
sins, and they advised him to hum-
ble himself before God, and ask for
Job knew that he was a sinner;
he knew that he could not trust
to his own goodness and right-
eousness: he said, "How should
man be just before God. If I justify

myself, mine own mouth shall con-
demn me." But Job could not
believe that all his troubles were
sent to punish him for some partic-
ular sin; or, because he had been
only pretending to serve God, when
he did not really love Him. No;
Job felt that he had been sincere;
not a hypocrite, as his friends un-
kindly said he was; and so when
they accused him, he answered,
" My righteousness I hold fast, and
will not let it go; my heart shall
not reproach me as long as I live."
Now Job and his friends were
quite right in some things that they
said, but in others they were very
much mistaken. Job's friends were
right in advising him to humble
himself before God, and ask for
pardon; for afflictions are sent by
God, to lead His people to do this.
But they were quite wrong in ac-
cusing Job of being a wicked man,
and a hypocrite, because he was
afflicted; for God often afflicts
most, those who love and serve him
best,-in love, not in anger; Whom
the Lord loveth he correcteth."
Prov. iii. 12. And though Job was


right in saying, that he had not too; for he almost accused God of
brought his sufferings on himself, unkindness and injustice, in afflict-
by his own wickedness and hypoc- ing him after he had so sincerely
risy, yet he spoke what was wrong, tried to serve God.



OB and his friends were
not alone when they talk-
ed together. A young
man was sitting by, and
listening to all they said;
but he did not speak until they
were silent; for they were older
than he, and he thought, "Days
should speak, and multitude of
years should teach wisdom." This
young man's name was Elihu. Hu-
mility and respect made him keep
silent so long; but Elihu had much
to say, for God had given him great
wisdom; and so, when the others
left off speaking, he offered to an-
swer Job himself. Elihu was angry
with what had been said. He was
displeased with Job, because he had
justified himself more than God;
and he was displeased with his three
friends, "because they had found
no answer, and yet had condemned
So Elihu said, "Hearken unto
me, I also will show my opinion."
Then they all listened, in silence, to
"what Elihu had to say.
And how did Elihu answer them ?
First, he reproved Job for justifying
himself more than God. Job had
said, "I am righteous, and God
hath taken away my judgment;"
and "it profiteth a man nothing
that he should delight himself with
God." This was accusing God of

injustice; it was saying, that God
had acted wrongly in afflicting a
righteous man. But Elihu said,
"Far be it from God that He should
do wickedness, and from the Al-
mighty that he should commit
iniquity; for the work of a man
shall He render unto him, and cause
every man to find according to his
ways." Yes;--God is perfectly holy,
and perfectly wise; and therefore
He will not, He cannot, do anything
wrong or unjust; God can never
err, never be mistaken. God often,
indeed, acts in a way which we can-
not understand; He often does
things which perplex us, and which
seem to us to be for evil, and not
for good. But this is because we
are ignorant; because we see only a
little part of God's doings; because
we do not know, as He does, all the
past, and all the future; nor see the
end from the beginning, as He can.
Then, whenever we feel doubtful,
and perplexed, and inclined to mur-
mur, like Job, at what God does,
let us remember what Elihu said-
"God is greater than man; why
dost thou strive against Him? for
He giveth not account of any of
His matters;" and if we feel this,
then we shall be willing to trust to
His power and goodness, and say, as
Abraham did, Shall not the judge of
all the earth do right." Gen. xviii. 25.


Elihu reminded Job of many
things, which might teach him how
much greater God was than he. He
spoke of the eternity of God. He
said, "God is great, and we know
Him not, neither can the number
of His years be searched out." How
can we understand all the greatness
of God, when we are ourselves poor,
weak creatures, made of dust, and
"crushed before the moth ?" And
then, Elihu spoke of the works of
God. He reminded Job of the light,
and the thunder, and the clouds,
and the rain; and of the wonderful
way in which God orders all these
things, too wonderful for Job to un-
derstand, for He doeth great things
which we cannot comprehend ;" and
therefore Job was to stand still,
and consider the wondrous works
of God."
And now the Lord himself an-
swered Job, and spoke to him out
of the whirlwind; and bid him
reply to Him, if he could. He said,
" I will demand of thee, and answer
thou me." And then the Lord
asked Job, if he could tell how the
earth was made, and if he under-
stood the motion of the stars, or
was able to rule the sea, and the
light, and the darkness. And God
spoke to him of some of the ani-
mals which He had created, and of
the wonderful instinct which He
had given them; He reminded Job

of the goats, and the wild ass, and
the peacock, and the ostrich, and
the horse. Job had seen all these
animals; perhaps he knew much of
their habits, and their histories;
and he might have known, too,
much of the other works of God.
But Job could not make one of
these things, nor even understand
how they were made. He could
only notice them, and admire them,
and wonder at them; and that was
all. And if Job could not under-
stand the works of God, how could
he understand God himself? and
then how could he dare to contend
with Him, or to murmur at any-
thing He did? Job felt all this.
He felt humbled and ashamed; and
therefore, instead of again trying to
justify himself, he said, "Behold I
am vile, what shall I answer Thee ?
I will lay my hand upon my mouth.
Once have I spoken, but I will not
answer; yea, twice, but I will pro-
ceed no further."
And when we behold the wonder-
ful works of God, we should, like Job,
feel our own weakness and sinful-
ness: and how thankful we should
be, that this great Creator is our
merciful Father too; "that God is
love;" and that He has shown His
love by giving "His only begotten
Son, that whosoever believeth in
him, should not perish, but have
everlasting life." John iii. 16.




S OD spoke again to Job
out of the whirlwind, that
He might make him feel
Still more his own sinful-
ness and folly, in trying
to justify himself before God. And
then, the Lord told Job of other
wonderful works of His. He de-
scribed two great animals, Behemoth
and Leviathan, which were so strong
and powerful, that even mighty
men were afraid of contending with
them. How much greater then,
must He be who made them, and
how vain and foolish to resist His
will !
Then Job answered the Lord, and
said, "I know that thou canst do
everything. I have uttered what I
understood not, things too wonder-
ful for me, which I knew not.
Wherefore, I abhor myself, and re-
pent in dust and ashes." And did
God forgive Job ? Yes; as soon as
Job was humble and penitent, God
pardoned, and accepted, and blessed
Afterwards, the Lord spoke to
Eliphaz, and said, "My wrath is kin-
dled against thee and thy two friends;
because ye have not spoken of me
that which is right, as my servant
Job las." And God commanded
them to offer sacrifice for their sin,
and to ask Job to pray for them;
and they did so, and the Lord ac-
cepted Job.
Did Job still remain in sorrow
and affliction? No;-" the Lord,
turned his captivity." He took
away his painful disease, and made
him well and strong again. He


sent all his friends to comfort him,
and to give him presents; and the
Lord himself gave Job twice as
much as he had before:-sheep, and
oxen, and camels, and asses; and
he had also seven sons, and three
daughters. Job lived in comfort
and prosperity for many years after,
having the blessing of God. to make
him happy; and at last he died,
"old and full of days."
And now what are we to learn
from the history of Job? One
thing we may learn from him is
patience. St. James says, "We
count them happy that endure. Ye
have heard of the patience of Job,
and have seen the end of the Lord,
that the Lord is very pitiful, and of
tender mercy." James v. 11. And
this teaches us also, the use and
benefit of affliction to God's people.
"God does not afflict willingly, nor
grieve the children of men." Lam.
iii. 33. He afflicts in mercy. He
would not have allowed Job to be
so tried and troubled but for Job's
own good and profit. And we are
to learn, too, from Job, not to jus-
tify ourselves before God. Job's
afflictions were sent to teach him
this. We should remember how
sinful we all are, and how often we
offend God; and then when trouble
comes, instead of justifying our-
selves, we shall confess, that God
has punished us less than our ini-
quities deserve." Ez. ix. 13. And
the history teaches us another thing;
-how to obtain pardon. When
Job and his friends sinned, they were
to repent; to humble themselves


before God, to pray to Him, and to accepted. And so, when we sin, we
offer a sacrifice in faith; and when must repent, and pray for pardon
they did so, they were forgiven and too.







-c ANY years passed away.
Joseph was dead, and all
J1 his brothers. A new
generation of Israelites
now lived in Egypt; they
were very many, the country was
full of them. A new king was
reigning, who did not know Joseph;
and he was very cruel, and hated
the Israelites, and wished to kill
them all. He commanded them to
do very hard work in the fields, and
in making brick; and their cruel
masters beat them, and were very
unkind to them. And did they die
when the king gave them all this
hard work, which made them so
weak and tired ? No, because God
kept them; and therefore nothing
could hurt them; they grew and
multiplied more and more. And
why did God care for them so much ?
Because He had promised Abraham,
many years before, that his children
should be like the sand for mul-
titude, and like the stars in the
sky, which we cannot count. God
never forgets His promises, nor His
people who love and serve Him. But
God had promised Jacob to bring
his children home to Canaan, and
now they were far off from their
possessions;-had not God forgot-
ten this promise ? No: we read
that He told Abraham, that his
children should go to a strange coun-
try, and be afflicted here till the end

of- 400 years. God knew the time;
soon the 400 years would be over,
and then the Israelites would be
sent home to their own land again.
But Pharaoh, the cruel king, did
not know God, and he tried again and
again to destroy the Israelites. He
commanded every little Israelitish
boy that was born, to be thrown into
the river and drowned. The poor
mothers loved their dear children,
and cried bitterly about this cruel,
wicked law; but the king had no
pity, and many of the little boys
were thrown into the river and
drowned. But God loved those
children; and when they died, He
took their souls to be with Him in
There was a woman of the family
of Levi, who loved God, and her
husband too was a good man. God
gave them a little boy. The par-
ents loved this dear child, and
tried to save him from the cruel
king. For three months, the mother
hid her child, that he might not be
drowned; but when he grew older
and larger, she could not hide him
any longer. But she knew God
could keep her little boy, if she
could not, and she told all her sor-
row to him. God can help us when
we are in trouble; and he can take
care of us, when our dearest friends
cannot; and He was pleased now
to help this poor woman who trusted


in Him, and to take care of her
little child.
The mother gathered some reeds,
and platted them into a little basket
or ark; and then she took her dear
child, and put him into the ark,
and carried him to the river. Did
she throw him in ? No, she laid
him gently among the high grass
and reeds, by the side of the river.
She could take care of him no
more, so she gave him up to God,
who alone could keep him; but she
left Miriam, her little girl, to watch
near her brother. Soon she saw
some people coming; who were
they ? They were ladies; one was
the cruel king's daughter, and the
others were her maids; and they
walked along by the river, for the
princess was going to bathe. They
did not see Miriam; she was a little
way off, but she could see them, and
hear all they said. The king's
daughter soon saw the ark among
the reeds, and she sent her maid to
fetch it. The maid ran and took up
the ark, and brought it to her mis-
tress, and opened it. Pharaoh's
daughter was not like her cruel
father; she pitied the poor babe,
and said, "It is one of the Hebrew
children." When Miriam heard the
kind lady speak, she went up to the
princess, and said, "Shall I go, and

call a Hebrew woman to nurse the
child for thee ?" Pharaoh's daugh-
ter said, Go." Then Miriam ran
home, and told her mother about
the kind lady who wished to save
the dear babe: and asked her moth-
er to come and nurse it. Miriam
and her mother went back to Pha-
raoh's daughter, and the kind
princess said, "Take this child and
nurse it for me, and I will pay thee
thy wages." The mother brought
him home, and nursed him, and he
grew; and when he was a little
older, she brought him to Pharaoh's
daughter again. The princess loved
the child; and she said, He shall
be my son, and I will name him
Moses, (or, drawn out) because I
drew him out of the water."
How kind God is to those who
love and pray to Him! He heard
this mother's prayer, and saved her
child from a cruel death. And God
loves to save children now. He
keeps them when they are in their
cradles; He keeps them when they
run about, and gives them health,
and strength, and all they have.
But God likes best, that children's
souls should be saved. Jesus says,
" It is not the will of your Father
which is in heaven, that one of these
little ones should perish." Mat-
thew xviii. 14.




SHARAOH'S daughter lov-
ed Moses, and she told
the wise men of Egypt to
teach him all they knew:
for she wished Moses to
be wise. The Egyptians knew
many things, and had much wis-
dom; but not the best wisdom;
they did not know nor worship the
true God. They worshipped ani-
mals; bulls, and sheep, and dogs,
and cats, and crocodiles, and insects.
But the Israelites, who lived in
Egypt, remembered the God of
their fathers, Abraham, and Isaac,
and Jacob; and the mother of
Moses, no doubt, taught him holy
things, true wisdom, when he was a
very little boy; and she prayed for
him, that he might be kept from
sin, and that he might love and
serve the Lord. And God heard
her prayer; and taught Moses by
the Holy Spirit, that riches and
worldly things could not make him
happy, nor save his soul: that God
alone could keep him from sin;
and that he could be saved only by
faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, who
should at a future time, come down
from heaven, and die for sinners.
Pharaoh's daughter called him her
son, and wished to give him great
riches; but Moses did not wish to
be rich: he chose "rather to suffer
affliction with the people of God,
than to enjoy the pleasures of sin
for a season." Heb. xi. 25. St.
John says, "Love not the world,
neither the things that are in the
world." 1 John ii. 15. If we love
pleasure, or riches, or power, or sin,

more than we love God, we cannot
be His children. We must give
him all our thoughts, all our affec-
tions, all our love. Jesus said to
his disciples, Lay not up for your-
selves treasures upon earth, where
moth and rust doth corrupt, and
where thieves break through and
steal; but lay up for yourselves
treasures in heaven, where neither
moth nor rust doth corrupt, and
where thieves do not break through,
nor steal." Matthewi vi. 19, 20.
When Moses was grown up, he
went to visit his brethren the
Israelites, who were suffering so
much in Egypt. One day he saw
an Egyptian cruelly beating an
Israelite; they were alone, but
God's eye was upon them. God
saw the wicked Egyptian, and the
poor Israelite, and sent Moses to
help his suffering brother. Moses
ran to the two men, and saved the
Israelite, and killed the Egyptian,
and hid the body in the sand. The
next day, Moses went out again, and
saw two men fighting. Were they
Egyptians ? No, they were both
Israelites. Moses was grieved to
see them so wicked: for God's peo-
ple ought to be kind and gentle;
brothers ought to love one another.
So Moses went to them, and tried
to make peace between them. But
the one who did the wrong, would
not attend to Moses; and said,
"Who sent thee to be a judge?
Wilt thou kill me as thou killedst
the Egyptian yesterday ?" When
Moses heard this he was very much
afraid, for he thought the people


knew what he had done; and the
king might be angry, and seek to
kill him. So Moses fled from Egypt,
and went to Midian, and sat down
by a well. As he sat there, some
young women came to the well to
water their sheep; and Moses helped
them and drew water for them.
When they went home, they told
their father how kind Moses had
been: their father's name was Je-
thro; and when he heard about
Moses, he sent for him, and gave
him food, and asked him to live with
him in Midian. Moses did so; and
sometime after, he married one of
Jethro's daughters, who was named
Zipporah. Moses had not now the

riches of Egypt, which he had when
he lived at the king's house; he
was a poor man, keeping Jethro's
sheep in the wilderness. But Moses
knew that God would take care of
him; and he loved God better than
all the fine things in Egypt.
But did God forget the Israelites,
when Moses was gone? No; He
heard them cry, and remembered
His promise to Abraham, and Isaac,
and Jacob. "God looked upon the
children of Israel." We may be
sure that God's eye is always upon
us: He knows all our sorrows, and
sees all our tears, and, in due time,
He will comfort and deliver us, if
we trust in him.



SNE day, Moses was keep-
Sing Jethro's sheep by
Mount Horeb. As he sat
there quietly and alone,
he thought often of his
poor brethren suffering in Egypt,
and he asked God to help and de-
liver them. Moses had much faith;
he knew that God had power to
save the Israelites, and he believed
that He would save them at the
right time. While Moses was think-
ing of all this, he saw a bright light
shining near him; and he looked
up, and saw a bush burning with
fire. But the bush was not con-
sumed; it did not wither away; the
leaves and branches did not turn
black, and crumble to pieces; and
Moses wondered very much, and
said, "Why is not the bush con-
sumed? I will go and see." So

Moses went to look; but when he
came near, he heard a voice out of
the bush, saying, "Moses, Moses."
Who called him ? What made the
bush burn, and why was it not con-
sumed ? The voice said again,
"The place where thou standest is
holy ground. I am God; the God of
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob." Then
Moses hid his face; for he was
afraid to look upon God."
But the Lord did not come to
hurt his servant; He came to com-
fort him, and to make him and his
poor brethren happy. The Lord
said, "I have seen my people's sor-
row; I have heard their cry. I am
come to send thee to Pharaoh: and
thou shalt bring my people out of
Egypt." But Moses was very much
afraid, and said, Who am I that I
should go to Pharaoh ?" It was


not right of Moses to be afraid when
God sent him; he ought to have
Sobeyed directly; but the Lord was'
very kind and gentle, and He spoke
again to comfort Moses. He said,
"I will be with thee; tell the peo-
ple that I send thee. If the king
disobey my command, I have power
to punish him; and I will send
plagues upon Egypt, and bring out
my people safely." But Moses was
still unwilling to go, and said,
"Perhaps the people will not be-
lieve me." The Lord then told
him to throw his rod upon the
ground. Moses obeyed, and it be-
came a serpent; and he fled from it
for fear. But the Lord said, "Take
it by the tail;" and Moses caught
it, and it did not bite nor hurt him,
but became a rod again in his hand
directly. Then God told Moses to
put his hand into his bosom. Moses
obeyed and his hand became covered
with leprosy; but God told him to
put his hand again into his bosom,
and in a moment it was well. Then
God told him to go and show these
wonders to the people; that they
might believe that He had sent him.
Was Moses willing to go to Egypt
now ? No, he was still afraid, he
said, "Lord, I cannot speak well;
my tongue is slow, and I have no
words." But the Lord said, Who
hath made man's mouth ? Who
maketh the deaf, and the dumb, and
the seeing, and the blind? Have

not I, the Lord ? Go; obey my
command, and I will teach thee
what thou shalt say."
But still Moses wished not to go.
Then the Lord began to be an-
gry, for though he is very kind
and patient with his people, yet He
does not like them to disobey His
commands, nor to obey slowly and
unwillingly. But the Lord said to
Moses, "Aaron thy brother may go
with thee; he can speak well; and
I will teach you both what you
shall do." Then Moses obeyed: he
was timid and fearful in himself,
but the Lord gave him strength
and courage; so he went home, and
took leave of Jethro, and called his
wife Zipporah, and his two sons,
and put them upon an ass, and re-
turned to Egypt. Then God said
to Aaron, who was living in Egypt,
"Go and meet Moses." So Aaron
went into the wilderness, and
soon saw Moses and his family
coming; and he ran, and kissed
him. Moses had much to tell Aaron
about the wonders God had shown
him; and he asked Aaron to go
with him to the king, and command
him to send away the Israelites.
Aaron was willing to go; so they
both went, and called the elders of
the Israelites, and told them that
God had seen their sorrows, and
was going to deliver them. Then
they bowed down their heads, and




S OSES and Aaron went
together to the king, an-
S other Pharaoh, who was
S now reigning in Egypt,
and said, The Lord com-
mands thee to let the Israelites go."
But Pharaoh answered, "I do not
know the Lord; and I will not let
them go." Then the king told the
Israelites' masters to give them more
work, and the poor people were not
able to finish their hard tasks in mak-
ing brick; and their cruel masters
beat them, and said, You are idle;
fulfil your work, your daily tasks."
The Israelites cried to Moses, and
Moses went to God, and told Him
all his sorrow. God knew all; His
eye was upon them, and very soon
He would deliver them, and He
said, "I have heard their groaning,
I remember my covenant with Abra-
ham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and I
will bring my people to Canaan as
I have promised."
Moses was now eighty years old;
but he was not weak and feeble, as
many old men are; he was strong
and powerful. God made him so,
because there was much for Moses
to do before he died. It is God
who gives us all our health and
strength; and if we are well and
strong, we must not be idle. There
is much for us all to do; and we
must use our health and strength
for God. "Whatever thy hand
findeth to do, do it with thy might."
Ecclesiastes ix. 10.
God now gave Moses and Aaron
power to do wonders, and to work
miracles before Pharaoh. They
went to the king; and Aaron threw


down his rod before him, and it
became a serpent. But Pharaoh
called his wise men, and told them
to try to do the same; and they did
so with their enchantments. Had
they power to work miracles ? No;
perhaps they might have learned to
tame serpents, so as to make them
look like rods in their hands; and
then they might have thrown them
down, as Aaron did, and thus pre-
tended to work a miracle. But God
made Aaron's rod swallow up their
rods. Pharaoh did not care for
this, nor did he obey the command
to let Israel go; and then God said,
He would punish Pharaoh, by turn-
ing his river into blood.
The river Nile is very useful in
Egypt; no rain falls there to water
the ground; but in the summer, the
river rises, and overflows the coun-
try, and makes the land soft, and
then the people sow their seed, and
the grass and corn soon spring up.
Did Pharaoh and the Egyptians
thank God, who gave them the Nile
to water their land? No, the Egyp-
tians forgot God; they made their
river a god, and worshipped it, and
sacrificed to it. But the Nile had
no power to make the country fruit-
ful; it was God who made it, and
who swelled up its waters, and
watered the land; and now He de-
termined to punish and humble the
the Egyptians, and to turn their
river god into blood.
God did as He said. He told
Moses to go and stretch his rod
over the waters; and directly he
did so, all became blood. The
ponds, and the water in the vessels,


and the beautiful river, all were
blood. The fish died; the Egyp-
tians could not drink the water of
the river; and their river god could
not' help them now. Did they re-
pent, and ask God to forgive them?
No; and therefore God sent a new
punishment upon them. He told
Moses again to stretch out his hand
over the river; and a very, very
great number of frogs came up, and
covered all the land. The frogs
came into the houses, and beds, and
ovens; and wherever the Egyptians
went, they found them. Pharaoh
sent for Moses and Aaron, and said,
" Intreat God to take way the frogs,
and I will obey Him, and let Israel
go." So Moses prayed, and God
heard his prayer, and made all the
frogs die. And did Pharaoh send
the Israelites away? No; when
the plague was gone, Pharaoh was
disobedient again, and he would not
attend to what Moses and Aaron
said. God was merciful to take
away the plague, and He would
have forgiven Pharaoh, if he had
prayed humbly; but he did not, so

God punished the wicked king
again. He told Moses to stretch
his rod over the dust, and it became
lice upon the people, and upon the
animals. The wicked magicians
tried to do the same; but they
could not, though they had imi-
tated the other miracles; they had
no power, and they confessed this,
and said to Pharaoh, "This is the
finger of God;" but the king did
not attend to them.
The next morning, the Lord sent
Moses to say to Pharaoh, "Let the
people go; for if thou wilt not, I
will send flies upon thee, and upon
all thy people; but I will send no
flies upon my people, the Israel-
ites." The flies came; and wasps,
and biting and stinging insects,
very many; but none came to hurt
the Israelites. The Egyptians had
a god, called the god of flies; but
he could not help them now. Then
Pharaoh begged again that God
would take away the flies, and
promised to let Israel go; and God
took them away; but still Pharaoh
would not obey.



HEN God said to Moses,
"Tell Pharaoh, if he will
not let the people go, I
will to-morrow send a
grievous murrain upon all
.his cattle: upon the horses, and
asses, and camels, and oxen, and
sheep." And the Lord did so on
the morrow; and all the cattle of
the Egyptians died, but not one
that belonged to the Israelites; and


Pharaoh's heart was hardened still.
Then Moses took ashes out of the
furnace, and threw them up towards
Heaven, at God's command, and
they became dust, and brought sore
boils, upon men and beasts. The
wicked Egyptian magicians suffered
from the boils, and could not stand
before Pharaoh. But still the king
would not attend to God's command.
The next day, God sent very


heavy hail, which broke the trees to
pieces, and destroyed all the plants
in the field; and the thunder roared
in the sky, and the lightning ran
along the ground. Pharaoh was
very much frightened now; and he
sent for Moses and Aaron, and
cried, I have sinned; God is right-
eous, and I am wicked: intreat
God to take away the thunder, and
lightning, and hail, and I will let
you go." Then Moses went out,
and cried to God: and the Lord
heard, and took away the fearful
storm. What wonderful power God
has He can send storms, and take
them away when He pleases; He
can kill us with the lightning, or
keep us safely. He can take care
of us, as He took care of the Israel-
ites in Egypt.
But when the rain was over, Pha-
raoh was again disobedient, and
said, I will not let the people go."
Then God sent locusts, very, very
many, to eat all the green things in
the land. We have no locusts in
England; but in eastern countries
they are very common; and they
come in great numbers, and eat the
trees, and the fruit, and all they can
find. The locusts God sent to pun-
ish Egypt, were very large; and
there were so many that the land
was darkened by them, and they eat
every thing which the hail had not
destroyed. The king again sent for
Moses and Aaron, and begged them
to pray for him. And they did
pray, and God heard them; but
when the plague was taken away,
wicked Pharaoh again said, "I will
not let you go." Then God sent a
new and very dreadful plague over
the land of Egypt; this was thick
darkness; there was no light from

the sun, nor moon, nor stars, for
three days; and the people could
not see to move from their places
all that time. It was not common
darkness; but a wonderful and
fearful darkness sent by God, "a
darkness that might be felt."
Were the Israelites in darkness
too ? No, they had light. God
knew who believed in Him, and
who did not; and He did not pun-
ish His own people. He could
make the sun shine brightly upon
them, when it was black night with
the Egyptians. Pharaoh again called
Moses, and said, "You may go;
only let your cattle be stayed." But
Moses said, No, we must take all
our possessions with us; we will go
with our wives, and our little chil-
dren, our sons, and our daughters,
our flocks, and all we have." Then
Pharaoh was angry, and drove Moses
away, and told him never to come
before him again. Moses said,
"Thou hast spoken well; I will
see thy face again no more;" and he
went away from the king.
The darkness ended in three days;
and then God said, "I will send
one more plague upon Pharaoh, and
afterwards he will let the people go.
I will smite all the first-born in the
land of Egypt." And did God kill
the first-born of the Israelites too ?
No; He told them what they must
do, if they believed his words, and
wished to escape. They were to
take a lamb, a lamb without spot or
blemish, and to kill it in the eve-
ning, and sprinkle the blood upon
the lintel, and upon the two door-
posts; then they were to roast the
lamb, and eat it.
In the night, God sent an angel
from Heaven to smite the first-born


of the wicked Egyptians; the eld-
est child in every house was killed,
and all the'first-born of cattle. But
were the believing, obedient people
safe? Yes, the Lord saw the blood
upon the doors, and passed over the
houses, and did not slay the first-
born in them. All those who
obeyed God, and sprinkled the
lamb's blood upon the posts, were
The Lord Jesus Christ is like the
lamb of the Israelites. He is the
"Lamb of God," holy and pure;
"without blemish and without

spot." 1 Peter i. 19. He was slain
as the paschal lamb was, and His
blood was shed upon the cross.
Why? To save our souls. The
lamb of the Israelites saved their
bodies from death. The Lamb of
God saves our souls from hell. The
blood of the lamb in Egypt was
sprinkled upon the doors; the blood
of Jesus must be sprinkled upon
our hearts. The destroying angel
saw the blood, and passed over the
houses; and when God sees the
blood of Jesus upon us, He forgives,
and saves us from hell.





VHEN the destroying an-
gel flew through Egypt,
and came to the palace,
X( and killed Pharaoh's eld-
est son, the king was
very much frightened. He called
for Moses and Aaron in the night,
and said, "Rise up, you, and the
Israelites, and their children, and
the flocks, and herds, and be gone."
And the Egyptians gave to the
Israelites all they asked for; gold,
and silver, and clothes; and the
Israelites made haste, and took up
their things, and put them upon
their shoulders, and hurried away
to Succoth.
How many were there? 600,000
men, and many women and chil-
dren, and very much cattle. When
Jacob and his family came into
Egypt many years before, they were
only seventy people. God had
blessed and multiplied them very
much; 'their cruel masters in Egypt

could not destroy them, because
God had promised to take care of
them, and to bring them home to
Canaan again. Many hundred years
before, God had said to Abraham,
" Thy children shall go to a strange
country, and be afflicted 400 years,
and then I will bring them back to
Canaan." And so it was. Jacob
and his children went to Egypt;
they died; and their children, and
their children's children, for many
generations, stayed there in sorrow,
with cruel kings to reign over them.
But God did not forget them. He
knew the right time; and when the
400 years were over, then He sent
Moses and Aaron, and gave them
power to do wonders, and brought
away His people in safety. How
wonderful and how wise is God!
He knows all things, sees all things,
does all things. He knows the
present, and the past, and the fu-
ture; and He does all things rightly.



Then let us love, and fear, and trust
in this good, and wise, and holy,
and powerful God; for He will do

for His people every thing that is
good for them.

.-'-- -,XX



HEN Moses and the Is-
raelites left Egypt in so
Much haste, they did not
U forget Joseph's dying
command, but carried his
bones with them. Then they went
on, and came to the Red Sea. But
when Pharaoh heard they were gone,
he commanded his servants to bring
his chariots, and his horses; and he
went with a great army to bring
the people back again. He over-
took them by the sea; they were all
resting in their tents; a pillar of
cloud was before them; God gave
them this pillar to show them the
road by day; and by night, He put
before them a pillar of fire to give
them light. They were safe under
God's keeping. But soon they look-
ed up; and what did they see?
Pharaoh and the Egyptians coming
after them very quickly, with their
chariots and horses. The Israelites
cried to the Lord, and said to Mo-
ses, "Why hast thou brought us
away from Egypt? We shall die,
now, here in this wilderness !" They
forgot that God was still with them;
but Moses said, Fear not; be still,
and the Lord will fight for you."
Then the Lord commanded the
people to go on. But where could
they go ? The great sea was before
them, and there was no bridge to
go over, and no ships to carry them
across. What could they do ? God

knew; He could find a way for
them to escape. The pillar which
was before them, moved behind; it
stood now between the Israelites
and the Egyptians; but the side
next the Israelites was bright, to
give them light; and the side next
the Egyptians, was dark and cloudy,
so that they could not see to do the
Israelites any hurt all that night.
Then God told Moses to stretch his
rod over the sea; and the Lord sent
a very strong wind to blow back the
water; and in the morning, there
was a dry road through the sea, and
the waters stood like a wall on each
side. Who did this wonder ? Not
Moses, not his rod, not the strong
wind alone;-it was God, God who
has power to do all things. The
Israelites walked through the sea,
all of them, on dry ground; not
one was drowned, for God held
back the waters till they were all
gone over safely. Then the Egyp-
tians tried to pursue them, and
went in after them; but God looked
angrily at them through the pillar,
and made them fear, and took off
the wheels of their chariots. And
then He told Moses to stretch his
rod over the sea, and the waters came
back again upon Pharaoh, and his
army, and his servants, and cha-
riots, and horses, and they were all
In the morning, the Israelites


saw all their enemies lying dead
upon the sea-shore. The Egyptians
could hurt them no more now;
their bodies were cold and dead,
and their souls were gone to be
judged by God, whom they had re-
belled against, and disbelieved. "It
is a fearful thing to fall into the
hands of the living God." Hebrews
x. 31.
The Israelites thanked God, and
sang praises to Him; and Miriam
and the women played and danced
for joy. Then they went on into
the wilderness of Shur. They
wandered there three days, and
found no water. At last they came
to Marah, and there was water;
but the water was bitter, and they
could not drink it. Then the people
were discontented again, and said
to Moses, "What shall we drink ?"
Was this right ? No; the Israel-
ites were discontented and unbe-
lieving people. They knew God
had power to give them water if
He pleased; and they knew that
they ought to be patient if He gave
them none; He had done many
wonderful things for them, and He

could do as many more; but they
forgot His kindness, and were
impatient, and angry, and dis-
contented. Moses was sorry to
find the people doing wrong again
so soon. He could not comfort
them; he could not make the water
good; but he remembered who
could, and he cried to the Lord.
And did God attend to Moses?
Yes; He did not forget His dis-
tressed people. Moses "cried unto
the Lord; and the Lord showed
him a tree, which when he had cast
into the waters, the waters were
made sweet."
Was there any wonderful power
in this tree ? No, the power was
in God; the tree could do no good
without Him. God taught His
people how great His power is,
because He wished them to trust
in Him, and to feel safe and happy
in his keeping. We ought all to
trust Him. He knows what is
best for us; and, if we are His
people, we are safe in all places,
and may have comfort in all our




HEN God sweetened the
bitter waters of Marah,
He spoke kindly to the
Israelites, and said, "If
you will obey me, and do
what is right, then I will be with
you, and keep, and bless, and
strengthen you; and I will not send
any of those diseases and plagues
upon you, which I sent upon the
Egyptians." Then they were com-
forted, and went on to Elim, and
there they found twelve wells of
water, and many date-palm trees;
and they pitched their tents there.
They were very glad to see these
trees. The fruit is very pleasant
and refreshing to poor tired wan-
derers in the wilderness; the trees
on which it grows can live in these
hot places, and water is always
found near the date trees.
When the Israelites went away
from Elim, they came into another
wilderness, the Desert of Sin. Then
they began to be discontented; and
they murmured again, and said,
" We shall die of hunger, for there
is no food here. When we were in
Egypt, we had plenty; but now, we
have nothing; why did you bring
us here?" How unthankful these
people were! God had delivered
them front their cruel masters, and
brought them safely through the
sea; and He had given them sweet
water to drink, and promised always
to take care of them; and yet they
would not trust Him.
Moses went again to God, and
told Him all his sorrows, and all
that the people said. Then God


answered, I have heard their mur-
murings; go, and tell them, I will
give them flesh to-night to eat; and
in the morning I will give them
bread." Where could they find
flesh? Must they kill all their
flocks and herds ? No; God sent
them some birds called quails, which
came in great numbers, and covered
the tents; and the Israelites caught,
and killed, and eat them in the eve-
ning. And was this all God gave
them ? No; in the morning, when
the dew was gone, the Israelites saw
the ground covered with a little
round thing, white like frost. It
was new to all the people, and they
came out and looked, and wondered,
and asked, What is it ?" Nobody
knew; but Moses said, This is the
bread God has given you to eat."
How wonderful this was! God
sent this sweet bread to feed His
people in the wilderness, when there
was no corn for them to eat.
The Israelites called the new food
which God sent, Manna; it was
sweet and nice, like honey. Moses
said, "You must gather the manna
fresh every morning. God prom-
ises to send it every day; but you
must not keep it till the next morn-
ing. Every one of you must gather
an omer full; but the day before
the Sabbath, you must gather two
homers full, and keep one of them
for the Sabbath; for God will send
no manna on the Sabbath day."
Some of the people would not be-
lieve Moses; they determined to
try, and keep the manna till the
morrow, and see if it would be


good. But, in the morning, when
the people looked at the manna they
had kept, they found that it was
full of worms, and smelt badly;
they could not eat it, but threw it
away. And did not the manna
saved for the Sabbath become bad ?
No; because God kept it good; He
did not wish His Holy Sabbath to
be broken, and He had power to
keep the manna fresh and sweet if
He pleased. But there were some
more disobedient people who would
not believe Moses, nor attend to
God's command. They went out
on the Sabbath day to gather man-
na. Did they find it? No: God
did not send any, and they went
home again empty; and God was
angry with them for their disobe-
The Sabbath is not a day on
which we ought to do any work.
It is God's day; He kindly gave it

to us, that we might have more
time to attend to our souls, and to
think of God, and death, and judg-
ment, and heaven, and hell. We
should not think much of our food
on this holy day; we should pre-
pare it the day before, as God told
the Israelites to do. We have our
food from God, as they had. It is
not rained down from heaven, be-
cause God does not now work mira-
cles; and we live in a country where
there is plenty of corn to make
bread. But God sends down rain
from heaven to make the corn grow,
and He makes the sun shine to
ripen it. He alone can cause the
the grass to spring up, and give
food to the beasts of the field. We
must pray, Give us day by day
our daily bread." Luke xi. 3. And
when we eat it, we must thank
God who gave it, and not wish for
more nor better food than He sends.



SHE Israelites now went
on, through the wilder-
ness of Sin, to Rephidim.
How did they know the
way? God went before
them in the pillar of cloud by day,
and in the pillar of fire by night.
When the pillar stopped, they stop-
ped; and when the pillar moved,
they moved, and followed it wher-
ever it went. While we live, we are
like the Israelites travelling in the
wilderness; but, if we are God's
people, we need not fear, because
He is always by us. He does not
go before us in a pillar of cloud and


fire; but His hand is always over us
to guide and keep us, and His eye
sees us wherever we are. We must
pray God to lead us in the right
way, in the way to Heaven.
There was no water at Rephidim;
and the people murmured again,
and were very angry with Moses,
and very unthankful to God. Then
Moses cried to God, and He heard
the prayer. God told him to go to
Mount Horeb, and strike the rock;
and He promised that then water
should come out. Moses obeyed
God, and struck the rock, and water
came out. It was God's power that


did this miracle; not Moses, nor
the rod, but God alone, could bring
water out of the rock.
There were some wicked people,
who lived not far from this wilder-
ness, called Amalekites, and now
they came to fight with Israel, in
Rephidim. Moses called Joshua
his servant, and said to him,
" Choose men, and go and fight with
the Amalekites; and I will go up
to the top of the mountain, with
the rod of God in my hand." So
Joshua and the soldiers went to
fight; and Moses and Aaron, and
Hur went up to the top of the hill.
What did they do there ? Moses
held up his hand, with the rod of
God in it, and prayed God to give

the Israelites power to conquer
their enemies. God heard Moses
pray, and put strength into the sol-
diers' hands, and gave them power
over their enemies. But Moses was
tired of holding up his hands; they
were heavy, and fell down, and
then the Amalekites became strong,
and the Israelites became weak.
But Aaron and Hur took a large
stone, and put it under Moses, and
he sat upon it; and Aaron and Hur
held up his hands all the day,
till the sun went down. And
God blessed the Israelitish soldiers;
they conquered their enemies, and
drove all the wicked Amalekites



OME time before Moses
and the Israelites went
out of Egypt, Moses had
sent home his wife Zip-
porah, and his two sons to
Jethro, in Midian. They had not
seen all the wonderful things God
had done for His people in Egypt,
and at the Red Sea, and in the wil-
derness. But when Jethro heard
of all these wonders, he called Zip-
porah and her two sons, and they
all went together to meet the Israel-
ites in the wilderness. Moses was
glad to see his family again; and
he kissed them, and brought them
into the tent, and talked with them.
Moses had much to say; he told
them of all God had done to the
wicked Egyptians; of the ten
plagues He had sent; of His mercy


to the Israelites, when He destroyed
the first-born; of the lamb's blood
sprinkled upon the doors, which
saved those who believed. Then
Moses told them about the Red Sea,
and how the Israelites passed
through on dry ground; and about
the destruction of the Egyptians,
and the safety of God's people in
the wilderness. He showed them
the pillar which guided, and the
manna which fed the Israelites
every day. Jethro was glad to hear
all this; and he blessed and praised
God, who had done these great and
wonderful things.
In the morning, Jethro went
with Moses to the place where he
judged the people. Moses was not
idle: he had much to do. All the
people came to him, to tell him


their wants and their sorrows, and
to ask his advice. And Moses heard
them all patiently, and talked kinrd-
ly to them, and told them what
they ought to do, and what they
ought not to do. All day, Moses
sat to judge the people; he was
tired and weary, but not impatient;
no, he was glad to be useful to God's
people, and did not think about
his own comfort. Moses was not
selfish. But when Jethro saw him
so tired, and weary, he said to him,

" It is not right for thee to judge
the people alone; choose some men
to help thee. Thou shalt teach the
people the holy law of God, and
His word and commands; but let
the other men help thee, to judge in
little things." So Moses did as
Jethro said, and chose some good
and wise men to help him in his
work. Then Jethro took leave of
Moses, and Zipporah, and her sons,
and went home to Midian.



I HE Israelites now came
Into the wilderness of
Sinai, and pitched their
tents before the moun-
tain. Moses went up
into the mountain, and God talked
to him there. God said, Go, and
tell the Israelites what wonderful
things I have done for them, in
saving them from the Egyptians,
and bringing them here. They are
my own people; and if they will
love and obey me, I will keep them
always, and give them all they want;
and they shall be my children, and
I will be their Father." Moses told
the people what God said, and they
all answered, We will obey the
Lord." Then God said again to
Moses, "Go, and tell the people to
make themselves ready for the third
day: for then I will come down
upon the mountain to speak to
them. They shall not go up, nor
touch the mountain; whoever
touches it shall be put to death.
When the trumpet sounds, they


shall come up to the mount." The
people obeyed; they all washed
their clothes, and made themselves
ready for the third day. Why?
Because God was coming, the holy
God; the people were to remember
how great and wonderful He is, and
how weak and sinful they were:
and to come before God with rev-
In the morning, the Israelites
looked towards the mountain; a
thick black cloud was over it; and
fire, and smoke, and lightning came
out of the mountain, and all the
ground shook. The people were
very much frightened; but the
trumpet sounded, and then Moses
brought them all out, and made
them stand round the mountain.
The trumpet sounded louder and
louder, and Moses spoke, and God's
voice answered him. Then the
Lord came down on Mount Sinai,
and called Moses; and Moses went
up. God said, "Tell the people
again, not to touch the mountain;



but thou shalt come up, and Aaron
with thee." Then Moses went
down, and told them.
It was a very fearful thing to see
the great mountain smoking, and
the fire and lightning coming out
of the thick black darkness. Why
was it so fearful? Because God
was there; the holy, powerful God;
God who cannot look upon sin, and
who has power to punish all those
who disobey Him. Our God is a
consuming fire." Hebrews xii. 29.

The Israelites trembled before Him;
and we must tremble too, if we
have not been washed from our sins
in the blood of Jesus. We have no
power to escape; we cannot save
ourselves from the anger of a holy
God; but if we believe in Jesus, we
are safe. We need not fear then,
because God promises to accept all
those who come to Jesus alone for
salvation. "Believe on the Lord
Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be
saved." Acts xvi. 31.


HEN Moses and all the
people stood round the
r mountain. They did not
see God, but they heard
His voice speaking to
them. He said, "I am the Lord
who brought thee out of the land
of Egypt: thou shalt have no other
gods but me." There is only one
true God; He is eternal; without
beginning, without end. He is
everywhere; He sees all we do;
and He knows all things, past,
present and future. He knows even
our thoughts; we cannot hide any-
thing from Him. And He is a
holy God; He hates sin, and He
says, that all whose sins are not
washed away, must perish: because
sin cannot be with Him in heaven.
But He is a very kind and merciful
God too; He is a father to us all:
He made us, and keeps us, wherever
we are, and gives us all we have.
But the best gift of God is the gift
of His dear Son to die for us; to
bear the punishment of our sins;


to cleanse us from our iniquities in
His blood, that, if we believe in
Jesus, we may have eternal life.
And God gives us another gift;
His Holy Spirit, to come into our
hearts, to make us holy. We are
commanded to love and worship
this powerful and holy God: God
the Father, Son, and Spirit; three
persons in one God. We must love
Him better than all the world; for
if we love anything better than
God, we make an idol of that thing.
Some people love riches, and make
money their idol; some love pleas-
ure, and make the amusements of
the world their idols; and many,
very many, poor ignorant people, in
countries where the true God is not
known, love and worship images of
wood and stone, which cannot help
nor save them. We must thank
God, who has given us the Bible to
teach us about Him; and pray to
Him to help us to love and serve
Him with all our hearts; and ask
Him to send Missionaries to heathen


lands, to teach poor idolators to
love Him too.
The Second Commandment says,
"Thou shalt not make any graven
images; thou shalt not bow down to
them, nor worship them." It is wrong
to try to make any likeness or picture
of God; He is too holy, too won-
derful for us; we cannot tell what
He is; He is not like man; He is a
spirit, and when we worship Him,
we must worship Him in spirit, and
remember what a great and holy
God He is. The Roman Catholics
disobey the second commandment,
when they bow to pictures, and
images, and crucifixes. We must
pray God to pity these poor people,
and to teach them, by His holy
Spirit, to worship Him in the right
The Third Commandment says,
"Thou shalt not take the name of
the Lord thy God in vain." To
take God's name in vain, is to dis-
honor Him, and not to respect His
word, and His house, and His day.
We must be serious and thoughtful
when we read the Bible; it is God's
book, and we ought to honor and
love it very much. And when we
go to church, we must remember it
is God's house, a holy place, and

therefore we must not idly look
about, nor think of worldly things.
And when we kneel down to pray,
we must remember that we are speak-
ing to God, to the holy God, who
will not hear us if we do not pray
with our hearts. And on God's
day, we must not do our own pleas-
ure, nor business; but give our
time to God, and pray to Him, and
read His word, because all is holy
that belongs to God.
The Fourth Commandment says,
"Remember the Sabbath day to
keep it holy." When God had made
all things, He rested on the seventh
day, and blessed it, and made it
holy, and commanded us to keep it
holy. No work must be done on
the Sabbath; all must be finished
the day before. The Israelites were
commanded not to go out and look
for manna on the Sabbath morning,
and God sent none on that day.
But Sunday ought to be a very
happy day to us, because holy things
are much better and pleasanter than
the things of the world; and the
Bible is better than any other book.
It is pleasant to go to church, where
the Bible is read and preached, and
where all God's people love to praise
and pray to Him together.






SHE Fifth Commandment
b says, "Honor thy father
and thy mother." Parents
take great care of their
children when they are
little. Children then must love
these kind parents, and obey them
in all things. They should do what
their fathers or mothers tell them
to do; and must be very kind and
affectionate to them. And when
the parents grow sick or old, the
children must nurse and take care
of them, and do all they'can to
comfort and make them happy.
The Sixth Commandment is,
"Thou shalt do no murder." Cain
was the first murderer; he killed his
brother, because his own works were
evil, and his brother's righteous.
God commands all murderers to be
put to death. They are brought
before the judge, and condemned,
and executed; and their souls go
before God to be judged at His
throne. But St. John says, "He
that hateth his brother is a mur-
derer." 1 John iii. 15. Anger, and
hatred, and passion, are like mur-
der; people begin by being angry
and passionate, and then, perhaps,
they may strike and kill. We must
pray God to take away our wicked
passions, and to make us gentle, and
kind, and forgiving.
The Seventh Commandment says,
"Thou shalt not commit adultery."
This speaks to husbands and wives,
and tells them to love one another,
and to live together in peace. Wives
must obey their husbands, and try
to do all they wish, and never to


make them angry or unhappy. And
husbands must love their wives, and
take care of them, and be very kind
and gentle to them. Husbands and
wives must love, and fear, and wor-
ship God together, and teach their
families to do so too.
The Eighth Commandment is,
"Thou shalt not steal." We read
in the Bible about many people who
stole; and we hear now, very often,
of wicked thieves and robbers. But
God's eye is upon thieves and liars.
He sees men, and women, and little
children too, when they steal; if
they do it slily, or in the dark, He
can see them; and if their wicked-
nessis not known now, it will all be
known in the day of judgment,
when the book of remembrance will
be opened and read. It will be very
dreadful then to be punished by
God, and sent away far from Him
and Heaven for ever. We should
pray God to help us always to re-
member, that His eye is upon us;
and ask Him to keep us from tak-
ing anything not our own. Many
children have begun by taking little
things, and grown up to be thieves.
It is better to die of hunger than to
The Ninth Commandment is,
"Thou shalt not bear false witness."
This teaches us not to tell lies, nor
deceive, nor say what is not true.
God says, that all liars shall be sent
to hell. He knows the truth, and
we cannot deceive Him. And this
commandment, too, teaches us not
to accuse others falsely, nor to tell
tales of them which are not true.


The Tenth Commandment is,
"Thou shalt not covet." It is
wrong to wish for what belongs to
other people. God has given us
what is best for us, and we must not
desire more. He gives riches to
some people, and not to others.
Why ? We cannot tell; but we
know that God is wise, and does all
rightly; and we should remember,
that it is He who gives us everything
we have. If others have more, we
must not envy them, nor wish for

their money, nor for anything that
belongs to them. Coveting is often
the beginning of stealing. People
see a thing, then they desire it, and
perhaps, if God's grace does not keep
them from sin, they at last steal it.
We must pray God to give us con-
tentment, that we may not displease
Him by sinful wishes; for he knows
all our thoughts, as well as our
actions; He sees our hearts; and
our secret sins we cannot hide from




HEN the Israelites saw the
lightning, and the black-
ness of the mountain, and
Heard the thunders, and
the loud trumpet, they
were very much afraid, and moved
away from the mountain, and stood
afar off. They said to Moses, Speak
thou to us, and we will hear; but
let not God speak to us, lest we die."
But Moses said, Fear not; God is
come to prove you, and to tell you
what you ought to do, that you may
learn to know and serve Him aright,
that His blessing may be upon you."
We are all poor helpless sinners be-
fore God; our own obedience cannot
take us to Heaven, for we have dis-
obeyed God many times. How then
can we go to Heaven ? Jesus Christ
alone can take us there. He bore
the punishment of our sins upon the
cross, and His blood can cleanse us;
He was perfectly holy, He kept all
the commandments; and, if we be-
lieve in Him, God will accept us for
His righteousness' sake. But we

must try to be like Jesus: we must
wish and strive to be holy. We
must ask Him for all these things,
that we may be made his own dear
children by faith in Christ Jesus.
And then we need not fear; because
God has promised to save all who
believe; and we shall not tremble
at the day of judgment, when we
stand before His throne, because, if
our sins have all been washed away
in Jesus' blood, and our hearts made
new and clean by the Holy Spirit,
we shall hear our Saviour say,
" Come, ye blessed;" and we shall be
taken up to heaven, away from sin
and sorrow for ever.
When God had finished speaking,
Moses came and told the people all
He had said, and they answered,
"We will obey the Lord; we will
do what He commands us." Then
Moses wrote all the words of God:
and the Israelites offered sacrifices
unto the Lord. Moses read the
book of the law to the people, and
they said again, "All that the Lord


hath said, we will do, and be obe-
dient." Then Moses and Aaron,
and some of the elders of Israel,
went up towards the mountain, and
there they saw an appearance of the
bright glory of God; but this could
not hurt them, because God kept

them safely; and they stayed there
before Him, and did eat and drink.
Then God told Moses alone to come
up to Him, to receive the tables of
stone upon which God had written
the Ten Commandments.





OSES waited six days upon 1
the mountain, with Josh-
ua his servant; and then
God called to him out of
the cloud, and Moses went
up, and was there in the mount
forty days and forty nights. Moses
was not afraid to be with God, be-
cause He was his father and his
friend. We have no need to fear,
when our sins are forgiven, and
when we are at peace with God
through Jesus Christ.
What did God say to Moses when
he was in the mountain ? He gave
him many directions about the tab-
ernacle which the Israelites were to
make, where God was to be wor-
shipped; and about the sacrifices,
and priests, and the holy things
which we shall soon read about;
and then He gave Moses the two
tables of stone, written with the
finger of God. The people waited
a Tong time for Moses, and won-
dered he did not come down to
them, and then they began to be
tired and impatient, and they went
to Aaron, and said, Moses is gone
away; we do not know what is be-
come of him; make gods for us,
and they shall go before us." Did
Aaron tell them how wicked and


disobedient they were ? No; Aaron
sinned too, and let the people sin.
He told them to give him their
golden earrings which were in their
ears; so they brought them to Aaron,
and he made them into a golden
calf. Then the people said, "These
be the gods who brought us up from
Egypt; and Aaron built an altar,
and offered sacrifices to the calf, and
made a feast; and the people eat
and drank, and played before the
image. They had soon forgotten
the holy command of God, which
He spoke to them from the mount,
"Thou shalt not make any graven
image." They had forgotten their
own promise which they made to
Moses, "We will obey the Lord."
They had forgotten to ask God's
help to teach them to serve Him.
But did not God see ? Was not He
angry ? Yes; He saw all; for His
eyes are in every place; He knew
when He was talking to His servant
Moses, what His disobedient people
were doing; and He said to Moses,
"Go down; the people have forgot-
ten me, and they have made a gold-
en calf, and worship it. I am angry
with these disobedient people; I
will destroy them; but I will keep
thee, and make of thee a great


nation." But Moses prayed God to
forgive these sinful people, and to
remember His servants Abraham,
and Isaac, and Jacob, and His pro-
mises to them. Then God heard
Moses' prayer, and did not destroy
them all.
So Moses took the tables in his
hands, and went down again to
Joshua. Joshua said, "There is a
noise in the camp;" but he did not
know what the noise was. Moses
listened, and said, "It is a singing
that I hear;" and when they came
near, they saw the golden calf, and
the people playing, and dancing,
and singing before it. Then Moses

was angry, and he cast the tables
out of his hands, and broke them
under the mountain. Why was he
angry? To see that these people
had so soon forgotten their kind
God, and their own promise to love
and serve Him. They were helpless
sinners, and we are so too. When
we trust to our own strength and
goodness, and forget to ask for the
Holy Spirit to help and teach us,
we are as forgetful of God, as un-
thankful, and as wicked as these
Israelites were. Let us pray to God
every day to keep us from sin, and
to enable us to live always in His
fear and love.




SYHEN Moses saw Aaron,
he asked him why he had
done this great sin. Aar-
on did not humbly con-
fess his own wickedness,
but tried to excuse himself, and said,
"The people gave me their gold,
and told me to make gods for them;
and I cast the gold into the fire,
and there came out this calf." But
Moses took the calf, and burnt it,
and ground it into powder; then he
sprinkled the powder upon water,
and made the wicked idolators
drink it. Moses was sorry to pun-
ish these sinful men; but he knew it
was right, because God commanded
him: so he cried to all the people,
and said, "Who is on the Lord's
side ?" Then the tribe of Levites
came to Moses, and said, they were.
And what did Moses command them
to do ? He gave them a very fear-

ful command, but one which must
be obeyed; he said, "Take your
swords, and go through the camp,
and kill these wicked idolators;
your brothers, and companions, and
neighbors; spare them not, they
must all die." Then the Levites
went, and did as Moses commanded;
and 3000 men were killed that day.
Then Moses spoke gently to the
rest of the people; for he loved
them, and wished them to be for-
given, that God might bless them
again. Moses said, "You have
sinned a great sin; you have made
God very angry; but I will now go
up to Him, and ask Him to forgive
you; perhaps He will hear my
prayer." Then Moses went up, and
prayed, and cried to God, and said,
" 0 Lord, these people have sinned
a great sin; but now, I pray thee,
forgive them. and blot out their sin."


And did God forgive? Yes; God
is always willing to hear prayer;
always ready to forgive. He told
Moses to go down, and lead the
people on their journey towards Ca-
naan, and He promised to guide
them as he had done before. Then
the Lord told Moses to come up
again into the mountain, and to
bring with him two tables of stone,
like the first tables which he broke.
Moses obeyed, and went up to
Mount Sinai very early in the
morning; and God came down in
a cloud, and stood near him, and
talked to him. Moses could not see
the bright glory of the Lord; no
living man can see that; but in
Heaven we shall see Him face to
face, and behold His glory for ever.
God passed by Moses, as he stood
on the mountain, and spoke with a

loud voice. What did he say? He
told Moses, what a good, and kind,
and gracious God He is; a God
who loves to forgive, and who saves
all who come to Him in faith; but
a very holy God too; a God that
cannot look on sin, and who punishes
all those who will not repent and
turn to Him. When Moses heard
God speak, he fell down, and wor-
shipped; and asked that great and
holy God to forgive his sins, and the
sins of the Israelites, and to make
them His own people, and to keep
and save them for ever. And did
God hear the prayer? Yes, He
promised to keep the Israelites still;
and to give them the good land of
Canaan, if they would obey and
serve Him, and no more make and
worship the idols which the people
around them served and worshipped.





OSES staid in the moun- of God, which rested upon him
tain again forty days; he while He talked to him in the
neither eat nor drank, mountain. When Moses saw that
but God had power to it was painful for the people to look
keep him without food: at him. he took a veil, and covered
and Moses was happy with his God, his face, and then spoke to them;
and loved to be there. God gave him but when Moses spoke to God, he
many commands about what the put off the veil.
people must do, and what they must Moses told the people all the com-
nof do; and He wrote again the mands of God, and showed them
ten commandments upon the new the new tables; and he spoke to
tables. When God had finished them about the Sabbath, the holy
speaking, Moses came down from day of God, when they must do no
the mountain; and the people looked work, because it is a day of rest,
at him, and saw that his face was holy to the Lord. Then he told
bright and shining; and they feared them about the tabernacle which
to come near to him. What made God commanded them to make,
Moses' face shine? The bright glory where they were to worship Him;


and Moses asked them to bring
their gold, and silver, and brass,
and blue, and purple, and scarlet,
and the skins of animals, and beau-
tiful stones; these things were to
help to make the tabernacle, and all
which was to be in it. The people
were glad to bring their riches for
the service of God; and many of
them were very busy and industrious
in this good work. The women
spun hair for the curtains, and the
men worked the stones, and the
gold, and silver; all tried to do
something. There was a man
named Bezaleel, who was very wise
in many curious works, in cutting
stones and carving wood. This man
loved God, and he was very glad he
could do something in his service.
He made All the things for the taber-
nacle, and taught other men to help
him, that the work might be done
It is very pleasant, as well as
right, to work for God. All have
talents; all can do something. Some
people are very wise and learned;
they can do much. They can teach
others: and they ought to teach

them the things of God, to love and
serve Him, for that alone is true
wisdom. Good ministers work for
God, in His church, by preaching
and teaching the Gospel, as Bezaleel
worked for God in making the
tabernacle for His worship. Women
can do something: there is no taber-
nacle to work for now; but they ban
do much for the poor, by clothing
and caring for them; and this is
working for God, because He com-
mands us to remember the poor,
and to be kind to them for His
sake. Little children, too, can do
something. Perhaps the Israelitish
children helped their mothers to
spin the goats' hair, and to carry to
their fathers the stones and wood
which were wanted. Children can-
not do much, but they may be very
useful in helping others; and if they
work always in the fear of God, and
try to serve Him in all they do, He
will love and bless them. None
should be idle: remember, St. Paul
tells us not to be "slothful in busi-
ness, but fervent in spirit, serving
the Lord." Romans xii. 11.






S HE tabernacle was made
of boards, with bars put
across; and these boards
and bars were made of
shittim wood covered with
gold. At the entrance, there were
no boards, but five pillars of shittim
wood covered with gold. Within
the tabernacle, under the upper end,
were four more pillows; a beautiful
covering, called the vail, was hung

over them; and this hid the inside,
which was the most holy place, the
Holy of Holies." None could go in
there but the High Priest; and he
went only once a year. In the Holy
of Holies was placed the ark. The
ark was a chest or box made of
shittim wood. covered with gold;
and there were rings in the sides,
for poles to be put in when the ark
was moved. The top of the ark was


called the Mercy-seat; two golden
angels, called Cherubim, were placed
one on each side the Mercy-seat;
they looked over it, and their wings
covered the top. In the ark were
afterwards kept the tables of the
commandments, Aaron's rod, and a
golden pot full of manna, which
God commanded to be put there.
Outside the vail, was the altar on
which incense was burnt, the table
on which the holy bread, called
shew-bread, was placed, and the
great gold candlestick. The taber-
nacle stood in a large open court;
pillars of brass surrounded it, and
curtains were hung upon them. The
brazen altar for burnt offerings, and
the great laver where the priests
washed, stood in this court. There
were coverings and curtains to the
tabernacle and court. Over the
boards of the tabernacle was thrown
a covering of fine linen, beautifully
worked in scarlet, and purple, and
blue; over the linen, was a covering
of goats' hair; over this, a covering
of ram's skins dyed red; and another
covering of thick skins over all. The
people were not allowed to go into
the tabernacle: but the priests went
in every morning to offer incense,
and every evening to light the
lamps; and on the Sabbath, to take
away the old shewbread from the
table, and to put on new. The
sacrifices were offered in the court,
where the people stood.
This was the beautiful tabernacle
which God taught Moses to make
for His worship. The things in it
were likenesses, or types, of better
and holy things. The Holy of
Holies was a type of Heaven, that
holy place which we cannot now
see; and the ark there, with the
bright glory shining above it, was

a type of Christ. He is now in
Heaven, and the holy angels stand
before him, like the Cherubim over
the ark. When the High Priest
went into the most'Holy Place, he
sprinkled the blood of the sacrifice
before the Mercy-seat. Jesus is our
High Priest, and he offered a sacri-
fice for our sins before he went into
Heaven. What sacrifice did He
offer ? He offered himself; He died
upon the cross, and there poured
out His blood, and bore the punish-
ment of our sins. And now like
the Israelitish High Priest, He is
gone into the Holy Place, not into
the Holy of Holies of the tabernacle,
but into Heaven of which that was
the type; and there He pleads for us
before the Mercy-seat, the throne of
When all was finished, God com-
manded Moses to set up the taber-
nacle. Then Moses put up the
boards and bars, and threw the
covering over; and took the ark
and put it into the Holy Place,
within the vail; then he placed the
table outside, and put the bread
upon it; and near the table he
placed the candlestick, and lighted
up the lamps. He put the golden
altar before the vail, and burnt sweet
incense upon it; but the altar of
burnt offering, and the laver, he put
in the court outside. Then Moses
and Aaron washed at the laver: and
the hangings were put up, and all
was finished. A cloud covered the
tabernacle, and the glory of the
Lord filled it. The cloud was always
there by day, and fire by night.
When the cloud was taken up, the
people journeyed; and when it staid
upon the tabernacle, then they
rested in their tents.



HEN the people were still
at Sinai, after the taber-
nacle was set up, God
spoke again to Moses,
and gave him many com-
mands about His worship and ser-
vice. God commanded that Aaron
and his sons should be His priests
or ministers. They were brought
into the tabernacle, and there con-
secrated for the holy work. So
now, ministers of the Gospel are
ordained and set apart, before they
begin to teach and preach to the
people. It is a holy office, and min-
isters ought to think much about
it, and to pray to God for His help
and blessing; and the people ought
to pray, too, that God would give
holy wisdom and power, to His
ministers, and make them faithful
teachers of His word. All the
Israelites stood at the door of the
court of the tabernacle; and Moses
brought Aaron and his sons to the
great laver, and there washed them
with water. The water in the laver
had power only to wash their bodies;
but it was a type of the blood which
cleanseth from sin, and of the Spirit
which sanctifies, or makes holy.
Ministers should be washed in the
blood of Christ, and have their
hearts made clean by the Holy
Then Moses put upon Aaron the
holy garments which God com-
manded to be made; the coat, the
girdle, the robe, the ephod, the
breastplate, and the mitre. The
coat was a long linen robe, with
sleeves, and with a girdle worked in


blue, and purple, and scarlet. The
robe was a long, blue, linen gown,
without sleeves; round the bottom
were golden bells, and figures of
pomegranates; the bells sounded
when the High Priest went into
the Holy Place. The ephod was a
short robe, worked in blue, and
purple, and scarlet and gold; it was
made of linen, and round it was
worn a beautiful girdle worked like
the ephod. The breastplate was
made of cloth and was very thick.
It had four rings of gold to join it
to the ephod; twelve beautiful stones
were set in the breastplate, three in
a row; there were four rows of
stones, and every stone had the
name of one of the tribes of Israel
written or cut upon it. The tribes
of Israel were the descendants of the
twelve sons of Jacob. These stones
in the breastplate were called Urim
and Thummim, that is, very light,
perfect and beautiful things. Aaron
wore the breastplate upon his heart
when he went into the Holy Place,
because he was to remember the
people there, and pray for them to
the Lord.
The mitre was a linen turban,
and in the front of it was a plate
of gold, on which was written,
"Holiness to the Lord;" because
the priests, the ministers of the
Lord, must be holy in all they do
and say, wherever they are. Aaron's
sons did not wear all the beautiful
robes which their father wore. Only
the High Priest had the ephod, and
breastplate, and robe, and mitre.
But Moses put upon the other


priests the coat, and the girdle, and All God's ministers, and all God's
the bonnet or turban. All these people, must be so too; they must
holy and beautiful garments were have on Christ's righteousness, and
put upon Aaron and his sons, to be renewed and sanctified by the
teach them how holy they ought to Holy Spirit, or they cannot enter
be, if they were honored to be into Heaven.
priests and ministers of the Lord.


HEN Moses had clothed of his right hand, and on the great
Aaron and his sons with toe of his right foot; and Moses
the priestly garments, he did so to Aaron's sons too. Then
took oil, and sprinkled it Moses took bread out of a basket,
upon the altar, and the and oiled cakes, and the fat of the
laver, and upon everything in the sacrifice, and gave all to Aaron
tabernacle. Then he poured the oil and to his sons, to be presented to
upon Aaron's head, and anointed the Lord; afterwards Moses took
him. The oil was a type of the in- them from them again, and burnt
fluence of the Holy Spirit, who all upon the altar, as an offering to
sanctifies the ministers of the Lord, the Lord. Then Moses took the
and prepares them for their holy oil and the blood, and sprinkled
work. Afterwards, a bullock was them upon Aaron and his sons, to
brought; and Aaron and his sons sanctify them. The oil was a type
laid their hands upon it, humbly of the sanctifying power of God's
confessing their sinfulness before Holy Spirit in the heart; and the
God, and acknowledging that they blood was a type of the blood of
wanted to be washed from their ini- Jesus, which cleanseth from all sin.
equity, and needed to have a sacrifice Aaron and his sons were sinners,
offered for them. Then the bul- as we all are; they needed to have
lock was killed, and Moses took the their sins washed away, and their
blood, and sprinkled the altar, and hearts renewed; they needed a sac-
poured it out beneath. Then a ram rifice, as well as the people; and
was- brought; and Aaron and his they were taught that the rams, and
sons laid their hands upon its head; lambs, and bullocks had no power
and it was slain, and the blood to take away sin, but that they must
sprinkled upon the altar. Another look in faith to the great sacrifice
ram was brought; and again Aaron which should, at a future time, be
and his sons laid their hands upon offered up for the sins of all the
its head, then it was killed, and world. The priests of Israel soon
Moses took the blood, and put it on died, and passed away; but our
Aaron's right ear, and on the thumb High Priest continues for ever. He


does not, as they did, offer sacrifices self on the cross; but He still lives;
daily for sin; one sacrifice was He lives in Heaven, in the holy place,
enough, when He offered up Him- and there makes intercession for us.



ERY soon after Aaron and
Shis sons had been conse-
/ crated, they began their
Sholy work. God's minis-
ters and people must not
be idle; all have something to do
for God, and it should be begun di-
rectly. The work of the priests
was to offer the sacrifices, and at-
tend to the holy services of God in
the tabernacle. The sacrifice of a
lamb was offered every morning and
every evening. This teaches us,
that we need to have our sins washed
away every day we live; when we
rise in the morning, and when we
go to bed at night, we ought to pray
for grace and pardon, and for every
blessing which we want. We should
thank God for all He has given us,
and ask Him still to give us that
which He sees right we should have.
This was what the Israelites were
taught to do; and if they prayed
in faith, God heard their prayer, and
gave them His blessing.
On the Sabbath day, two more
lambs were offered, besides the
morning and evening sacrifices. We
should love to worship God every
day; but we should pray to Him,
and think about Him, more on Sun-
day than on other days. The Sab-
bath is a day of holy rest; it belongs
to God, and it must all be spent in
His service. The Israelites were
not allowed to do any work on

God's holy day; and we should try
to be like them, and be very thank-
ful that God has given us a Sabbath,
on which we may learn to know
and serve Him better.
In the beginning of every month,
more sacrifices were to be offered;
two bullocks, one ram, seven lambs,
and a kid. Besides all these sacri-
fices, there were holy days and feasts,
which God commanded to be kept.
There were three feasts in the
year, when God commanded all the
men of Israel to appear before Him.
First, the feast of the Passover, in
remembrance of the angel passing
over the houses of the Israelites,
when he destroyed the first-born of
Egypt. They were to take a lamb,
and eat it as they did in Egypt;
and to offer sacrifices, and to keep
seven days holy to the Lord. This
feast was in the spring of the year.
The paschal lamb was a type of
Jesus Christ slain for our sins, to
save our souls from destruction.
Second, The feast of weeks, or
Pentecost, fifty days after the Pass-
over. This feast was in the summer,
when the corn was reaped; and the
people were then to give some of
their fruits, as a thank-offering to
the Lord. It is God who gives us
all our blessings, and we must
thank and praise Him for them.
The Israelites in the feast of weeks,
were to remember that solemn time



when God gave them the law from
Sinai, fifty days after they went
from Egypt. It was on the feast of
Pentecost, that the disciples of
Jesus, many years after, met at Je-
rusalem, when the Holy Ghost came
upon them, and gave them power to
speak different languages.
Third, In the autumn, the Israel-
ites were commanded to keep an-
other holy time. The feast began
by the blowing of trumpets, to call
the people to attend. A few days
after, was the great day of Atone-
ment. Then they were to remember
their sins, and repent, and be sorry
for them. No work might be done;
and sacrifices were to be offered,
bulls, and goats, and lambs, to teach
the people that their sins must be
washed away in the blood of the
Great Sacrifice, to whom they must,
in faith, look for salvation. And
there are days when we should re-
member our sins, and pray for for-
giveness too. Every day we ought
to do so, but some days more par-
ticularly. The beginning of the
year, and our own birthdays, are
very solemn times; when we should
remember our past sins, and pray

earnestly to God to wash them all
away in the blood of Jesus, and to
give us grace to love and serve Him
better for the future.
Five days after the day of Atone-
ment, God commanded the Israel-
ites to keep the feast of Tabernacles.
This was a time of joy for seven
days. The Israelites were to gather
branches from the trees, palm trees,
and willow trees, and to make
booths to live in, seven days. The
women and children staid at their
own houses; but the men dwelt in
the booths, praising and thanking
God, till the seven days were ended;
and then they went home again to
their families. The booths were
not their homes; they lived in them
only a short time. The Israelites
were taught by this to remember
the time when they lived in tents in
the wilderness; and to thank God,
in their pleasant houses in Canaan,
for having brought them safely
home. The home of God's people
is above, in the Heavenly Canaan;
there they will live for ever, and go
out no more into a world of pain,
and sin, and sorrow.

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