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-a-HELP DRAWS CHRISTIAN OUT OF THE SLOUGH OF DESPOND.
BUNYAN'Stilgrtm's ^rogresIN WORDS OF ONE SYLLABLE.BYSAMUEL PHILLIPS DAY,AUTHOR OF " THE RARE ROMANCE OF REYNARD THE FOX" IN WORDS OF ONE SYLLABLE.LONDON:CASSELL, PETTER, AND GALPIN;AND 596, BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
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CONTENTS.CHAPTER I.PAGEThe Den and the Dream .CHAPTER II.The Slough of Despond 9CHAPTER III.Worldly-Wiseman 16CHAPTER IV.The Wicket-gate 30CHAPTER V.The Interpreter's House 37CHAPTER VI.The Cross and the Contrast 54CHAPTER VII.The Hill Difficulty . 61CHAPTER VIII.The Palace Beautiful .69CHAPTER IX.Apollyon 89CHAPTER X.The Valley of the Shadow of Death 98
iv Contents.CHAPTER XI.PAGEChristian and Faithful 1o8CHAPTER XII.Talkative 124CHAPTER XIII.Vanity Fair . 143CHAPTER XIV.Christian and Hopeful 164CHAPTER XV.Doubting Castle and Giant Despair 177CHAPTER XVI.The Delectable Mountains 191CHAPTER XVII.The Enchanted Ground and the Way down to it 198CHAPTER XVIII.The Land of Beulah-The Fords of the River-At Home 209
THEPILGRIM'S PROGRESS.CHAPTER I.THE DEN AND THE DREAM." "S I went through the wilds of thisworld, I came to a place where wasSa den, and I laid me down in thatplace to sleep; and as I slept I dreamt a dream.I dreamt, and lo, I saw a man clad in rags, whostood in a spot, with his face from his ownhouse, a book in his hand, and a great loadon his back I I saw him read in the book,and as he read, he wept and shook; and so fullwas his heart, that he broke out with a sadcry, and said, "What shall I do ?"In this plight, then, he went home, andkept calm as long as he could, that his wifeand bairns should not see his grief; but hecould not long hold his speech, for that hisB
2 The Pilgrim's Progress.woe grew more hard to bear. So at lengthhe brake his mind to his wife and bairns;and thus did he talk to them: " Oh, my dearwife," said he, "and you, the bairns of myheart, I, your dear friend, am quite lost, for aload lies hard on me. More than this, I amtold of a truth that this our town will beburnt with fire from the skies, and you, mysweet babes, shall come to grief, save (thewhich yet I see not) some way can be foundto get clear of harm." At this his kin werein sore fear; not for that they thought thatwhat he had said to them was true, but for thatthey had just cause to dread some dire ill hadgot hold of his head. Hence, as night thendrew near, and as they thought sleep mightsoothe his brain, with all haste they got himto bed. But the night was as bad to him asthe day, so that he found no rest, but spent itin sighs and tears. So, when morn was come,they would know how he did: and he toldthem, "Worse and worse." He then set to, andspoke to them once more, but they gave noheed to his words, but strove to drive off thefoul fumes of his brain by sour looks and
The Den and the Dream. 3harsh ways. One time they would jeer, thenwould they chide, and at last go so far asto leave him. Hence he went to his roomto pray for them, and to ease his grief. Hewould, too, take lone walks in the fields, andread and pray at times: and thus for somedays he spent his time.Now I saw on a time, when he tooka stray walk in the fields, that he was (ashe was wont) bent on his book and indeep grief of mind; and as he read heburst out as he had done at first, "Whatshall I do?"I saw, too, that his eyes went this wayand that way, as if he would run: yet hestood still, for (as I took note) he could nottell which way to go. I then saw a manwhose name was Evangelist come to himand ask, "Why dost thou cry?" Quoth he," Sir, I see by the book in my hand that deathis my doom, and that I am then to meet myJudge: and I find that I do not will to dothe first, while I dread the last." Then saidEvangelist, "Why not will to die, since thislife is full of ills ?" The man said, "The causeB2
4 The Pilgrim's Progress.is I fear that this load that is on my backwill sink me more low than the grave, and Ishall go down to hell: and, sir, if I be notfit to go to gaol, I am not fit to hear mydoom, and bear the bane: and the thoughtsof these things make me cry."Then said Evangelist, "If this be thystate, why dost thou stand still ?" Said he," It is for that I know not where to go."Then he gave him a roll of smooth skin, onwhich were writ the plain words, " Flee fromthe wrath to come." The man hence read it,and, when he cast a keen look on Evangelist,said, " To what place must I flee ?" Then saidEvangelist (who did point to a wide field),"Do you see yon small gate?" The mansaid, " No." Then said Evangelist, "Doyou see yon bright light?" He said, "Ithink I do." Then said his guide, "Keepthat light in your eye, and go up at once toit, so shalt thou see the gate; at which, whenthou dost knock, it shall be told thee whatthou shalt do."So I saw in my dream that the man didrun. Now he had not run far from his own
The Den and the Dream. 5door, but his wife and bairns saw it, and ina loud voice they strove to get him to comeback; but the man put the tips of his thumbsin his ears and ran on, while he did shout,"Life! life! life that has no end !" So hedid not as much as look back, but fled in theway of the plain.His friends, in like way, came out to seehim run; and as he ran some did jeer, moremade threats, and some, in shrill tones, badehim haste back. Of those who did so, therewere two that sought to fetch him back byforce. The name of the one was Obstinate;and the name of the next, Pliable. Now bythis time the man was got a good way offfrom them; but they made up their minds togo in quest of him, which they did; and in ashort ,time they came up with him. Then saidthe man, " Friends, for what are ye come?"Quoth they, " To urge you to go back withus:" but he said, "That can by no meansbe. You dwell," said he, "in the City ofDestruction, the place, too, where I was'born: I see it to be so; and when, soon orlate, you die there, you will sink more deep
6 The Pilgrim's Progress.than the grave, down to a place that burnswith fire, the flame of which is fed by astrange stone that yields foul fumes. Dotake heed, good friends, and go forth withme.""What " said Obstinate, "and leave ourfriends and all that brings us joy and ease ?""Yes," said Christian (for that was hisname), " and the cause is, that all is of noworth if you weigh it with the least of thatwhich I seek to get; and if you will go withme, and hold it, you shall fare as I do; forthere where I go is much and to spare: comewith me, and prove my words."OBs.-" What are the things you seek,since you leave all the world to find them ?"CHR.-" I seek a life that can know notaint, is pure, and that fades not; and it islaid up on high, and safe there. Read it so,if you will, in my book.""Tush !" said Obstinate, "I heed notyour book: will you go back with us or no?"" No, not I," said Christian, " for I havelaid my hand to the plough."OBs.-" Come then, friend Pliable, let us
The Den and the Dream. 7turn once more, leave him, and go home.There are a lot of these fops with soft heads,that when they take a whim by the end, aremore wise in their own eyes than ten menthat can give a cause."Then said Pliable, "Do not chide: ifwhat the good Christian says is true, thethings he looks for are of more worth thanours. My heart doth urge me to go with myfriend."OBs.-" What I more fools still ? Be ledby me and go back: who knows to whatplace a lout with so sick a brain will leadyou ? Go back, go back, and be wise."CHR.-" Come with me, friend Pliable;there are such things to be had which I spokeof, and much more bliss to boot. If youheed not what I say, read here in this book;and for the truth of what is told in it, lo,all is made sure by the blood of him thatmade it.""Well, friend Obstinate," saith Pliable," I fain would come to a point. I mean togo forth with this good man, and to cast inmy lot with him. But, my good mate, do
8 The Pilgrim's Progress.you know the way to the place we so long,for?"CHR.-" I am told by a man, whose nameis Evangelist, to speed me to a small gatethat is in front of us, where we shall be putin the right way."PLI.-" Come then, good friend, let usgo on."Then they went forth side by side."And I will go back to my place," saidObstinate. "I will not make one of suchflat fools."|5%
9CHAPTER II.THE SLOUGH OF DESPOND.OW I saw in my dream that whenObstinate was gone back, Christianand Pliable spoke as they did walkon the plain; and this was what they said:-CHR.-" Come, friend Pliable, how doyou do? I am glad you have been led togo with me. Had but Obstinate felt what Ihave felt of the force and fear of what is notyet seen, he would not in this light way haveset his back on us."PLI. -" Come, friend Christian, sincethere are none but us two here, tell menow, what more the things are, and how weare to use them where we are bound."CHR.-" I can best grasp them with mymind than speak of them with my tongue:but yet, since you seek to know, I will readof them in my book."PLI.-" And do you think that the wordsof your book are true ?"
IO The Pilgrim's Progress.CHR.-"Yes, in sooth, for it was made byhim that could not lie."PLI.-" Well said; what things arethey ?"CHR.-" There is a realm in which to livethat will last for aye; where we shall nottaste of death, that we may dwell in it."PLI.-" Well said; and what else ?"CHR.-" There are crowns of joy in storefor us, and robes that will make us shine likethe sun at noon."PLI.-" This is right good; and whatelse ?"CHR.-"There we shall not weep or grievemore; for he that owns the place will wipeall tears from our eyes."PLI.-"And with whom shall we bethere ?"CHR.-" There we shall meet with thosethat will make your eyes blink to gaze onthem. There, in like way, you shall meetwith a great host that have gone long sinceto that place; none of them do hurt, but arefull of love and free from taint; each onedoth walk in the sight of God, stands in view
The Slough of Despond. 11of his face, and finds joy in his grace. In aword, there we shall see those who did rulethe Church, with their crowns of gold ; therewe shall see those who trod in the steps ofChrist, with their harps of gold; there weshall see men that by the world were cut inbits, burnt in flames, thrown to beasts, andsunk in the seas, for the love that they bareto the Lord of the place; all well, and cladwith light as with a robe."PLI.-" To hear this doth fill one's heartwith joy. But are these things to form ourbliss ? How shall we get to share in them ?"CHR.-" The Lord, the King of the realm,hath set down that in this book, the pith ofwhich is, if we in truth seek to have it, hewill, of his free grace, grant it to us."PLI.-" Well, my good friend, glad am Ito hear of these things. Come on, let usmend our pace."CHR.-" I fain would go more fast, butam kept back by this load on my back."Now I saw in my dream that just as theyhad put an end to this talk they drew upnigh to a deep slough that was in the midst
12 The Pilgrim's Progress.of the plain; and as they did not heed it,both fell swap in the bog. The name of theslough was Despond. Here, then, did theytrudge for a time, so that they were foulfrom dirt; and Christian, through the loadthat was on his back, sank in the mire.Then said Pliable, "Ah, friend Christian,where are you now?""In sooth," said Christian, "I do notknow."At that Pliable felt hurt, and said in sharptones to the man who was with him, "Is thisthe bliss you have told me all this while of?If we have such ill speed as we first set out,what may we not look for ere the time we getto the end of our road ? May I once get outwith my life, you shall hold the brave landfor me." And with that he gave a bold strideor two, and got out of the mire on that sideof the slough which was next his own house.So off he went, and Christian saw him nomore.Hence Christian was left to sprawl in theSlough of Despond, with none to help him;but still he made for that side of the slough
The Slough of Despond. 13that was most far from his own house, andnext to the small gate; the which he did, butcould not get out from the load he had on hisback. But I saw in my dream that a mancame to him, whose name was Help, and didask him what he did there."Sir," said Christian, " I was bade gothis way by a man known as Evangelist, whosent me in like way to yon gate, that I mightscape the wrath to come."HELP.-" But why did you not look forthe steps ?"CHR.-" Fear went with me so hard thatI fled the next way, and fell in."Then said he, "Give me thy hand."So he gave him his hand, and he drew himout, and set him on sound ground, and lethim go on his way.Then I went to him that did pluck himout, and said, "Sir, whence, since throughthis place is the way from the City of Destruc-tion to yon gate, is it that this plat is notmade whole, that those poor wights who passthis way may run no risk ?"And he said to me, "This slough is such
14 The Pilgrim's Progress.a place that none can mend it. It is the valvethrough which the scum and filth that gowith a sense of sin do run, and hence it goesby the name of the Slough of Despond; forstill, as he who sins is wrought up to a senseof his lost state, there spring forth in his soulfears, and doubts, and dark thoughts thatscare, which all of them form in a heap andfix in this place; and this is the cause whythe road is so bad. It is not the King's wishthat this place should be as it is. Those whowork for him have, by the wish of one whohas chief charge of the road, been long, longyears at work on this patch of ground, to seeif it might be made right; yea, and I know,"said he, "here have been lost vast loads ofgood and sage words, that have at all timesof the year been brought from each part ofthe King's realm-and they that can tell saythat they are the best stuff to make goodground of the place, if so be it might bemade sound-but it is the Slough of Despondstill, and so will it be when they have donewhat they can. True, there are, by the helpof him who frames the laws, some stout and
SThe Slough of Despond. 15firm steps found through the midst of thisslough; but at such time as this the placedoth much spew out its filth, as it does whenrain falls; these steps are then all but hid, orif they be seen, men, through the light stateof their heads, step on one side, and thenthey get all grime with mire, though thesteps be there; but the ground is good whenthey are once got in at the gate."Now I saw in my dream that by this timePliable was got home to his house. So thosewho dwelt near came to see him; and someof them said he was a wise man for that hecame back, and some did call him fool for therash risk he took, and for that he was led togo with Christian. Some, too, did flout athis lack of nerve, and said, " In sooth, sinceyou made the move, I would not have beenso base as to blench for a few slight bales."So Pliable sat like a sneak in their midst.But at last he put on airs, and then they alldid change their tales, and set on to gibepoor Christian, who was not there. And thusmuch that bears on Pliable.
i6CHAPTER III.WORLDLY-WISEMAN.S Christian took his lone walk he sawone, while yet a good way off, crossthe field to meet him, and their hapwas to meet just as they did cross the sameway. The man's name was Mr. Worldly-wiseman; he dwelt in the town of Carnal-policy, a great town, and hard by from whenceChristian came. This man then fell in withChristian, of whom he had heard; for thatChristian had set forth from the City ofDestruction was the talk of the town, andspread far and wide. Hence Master Worldly-wiseman, as he had some guess of him by hisslow gait, his sighs and groans, and the like,thus held some talk with Christian.WOR.-" How now, good friend; wheredost thou go bent down with such a weight ?"CHR.-" As big a load, in sooth, as I thinka poor wight had in his life! And as you askwhere I go, I tell you, sir, I am bound for yon
Worldly- Wiseman. 17small gate in front of me: for there, as I amtold, I shall be put in a way to be rid of myhuge load."WOR.-" Hast thou a wife and bairns ?"CHR.-" Yes; but I am so bent with thispack on my back, that I have not joy in themas of yore; I think I am as if I had none."WOR.-" Wilt thou give heed to me, if Itell thee what course to take?"CHR.-" If what you say be good, I will;for I stand in need of a wise guide."WOR.-" I would urge thee, then, thatthou.with all speed get rid of thy load; forthou wilt not have ease of mind till then : norcanst thou take joy in the gifts which Godhas dealt to thee till then."CHR.-" That is that which I seek for,which is to be rid of this great load: but getit off of my own strength I must fail to do;nor is there a man in our land that can takeit off my back: hence I go this way, as Itold you, that I may be rid of my load."WOR.-" Who bid thee go this way to berid of thy load ?"CHR.-" A man that I thought was highC
18 The Pilgrim's Progress.and great; his name, as my mind serves me,is Evangelist."WOR.-" Out on him for his pains!There is not a more rough way, or one ofsuch risk, to be found in the world than isthat he hath bade thee take: and that thoushalt find if thou wilt be led. by him. Thouhast met with some ill hap, I judge, ere this;for I see the dirt of the Slough of Despondsmears thee; but that slough is but the firstof the griefs those share that go in that way.Hear me: I have seen more years than thou.Thou art like to meet with, on the way whichthou dost go, great griefs, pain, lack of foodand clothes, sword, fierce beasts, gloom, and,in a word, death, and what not These thingsare most true, as some find to their cost.And why should a man run such risks, andmake light of his life, just on the word of astrange guide ?"CHR.-" Why, sir, this load on my backis more dread to me than all these things ofwhich you have told: nay, I think I care notwhat things I meet with in the way, if so beI can but get ease from my pack."
Worldly- Wiseman. 19WOR.-" How didst thou come by thyload at first ?"CHR.-" By means of this book in myhand."WOR.-" I thought so: and it has beenwith thee as with more weak men, who, whenthey touch things too high for them, do atonce grow wild in their wits; which wildwits make men fools (as thine, I see, havedone thee), and run them on bold flights, insearch of they know not what."CHR.-" I know what I would get: it isease from my great load."WOR.-" But why wilt thou seek for easethis way, as such dire ills go with it? themore so, hadst thou but borne with me, Icould aid thee to get what thou dost wish,free from the risks that thou in this way wiltrun. Yea, and the cure is at hand. This Iwill add, that in lieu of these risks thou shaltmeet with much good luck, friends, andpeace."CfiR.-" Pray, sir, make known this boonto me."WOR.-" Why, in yon town (the town isS2
20 The Pilgrim's Progress.known as Morality) there dwells a squirewhose name is Legality, a most shrewd man,and a man of good name, that has skill tohelp men off with such loads as thine fromtheir backs; yea, I know he hath done agreat deal of good this way: ay, and more,too, he hath skill to cure those who grow outof their wits with their load. To him, as Isaid, thou canst go and get help in a trice.His house is not quite a mile from this place;and if he should not be at home, he hath afair young man to his son, whose name isCivility, that can do it (to speak on) as wellas his sage sire. There, I say, thou canstget ease from thy load : and if thou dost notcare to go back to thy late home, as in truth Iwould not wish thee, thou canst send for thywife and bairns to thee to this town, wherethou wilt not lack a house to live in, as scoresof such are to let, one of which thou cansthave at a fair rate. Food is there, in likeway, cheap and good; and that which willmake thy life more bright is to be sure thatthou shalt dwell by just folk, bear a goodname, and live in right style."
Worldly- Wiseman. 21Now was Christian at a stand what to do;but soon he thought, " If this be true whichthis squire hath said, my best course is tobe led by him ;" and with that he thus spakemore.CHR.-" Sir, which is the way to thisgood man's house ?"WOR.-" Do you see yon high hill?"CHR.-" Yes, quite well."WOR.-" By that hill you must go, andthe first house you come at is his."So Christian went out of his way to go toMr. Legality's house for help. But lo, whenhe was got now hard by the hill, so high didit seem; and more than this, that side of itthat was next the path did hang so much,that Christian durst not move on, lest thehill should fall on his head: for which causethere he stood still, and he wot not what todo. His load, too, felt of more weight to himthan while he was in the way. But soonthere came fierce flames of fire out of the hill,each/flash of which made Christian dread heshould be burnt: here, then, he sweat, anddid quake for fear. And now he was
22 The Pilgrim's Progress.wroth for the heed he gave to Mr. Worldly-,wiseman's words. And with that he saw'Evangelist come forth to meet him; at the isight of whom he could not but blush forshame. So Evangelist drew more and morenear, and when he came up to him he gavehim a stern look, and thus did he speak withChristian :-"What dost thou here?" said he. Atwhich words Christian knew not what tosay : whence for a while he stood dumbin his sight. Then said Evangelist to him,"Art not thou the man that I found intears back of the walls of the City ofDestruction ?"CHR.-" Yes, dear sir, I am the man."EVAN.-" Did I not tell thee the way tothe small gate ?""Yes, dear sir," said Christian.EVAN.-" How is it then that thou art sosoon found in this place? for thou art nowout of the way."CHR.-" I met with a squire, so soon as Ihad got clear of the Slough of Despond, whomade me think that I might, in the town
Worldly- Wiseman. 23which did face me, find a man that could takeoff my load."EVAN.-" What was he ?"CHR.-" He had the airs of a squire, andspoke much to me, and got me at last toyield; so I came to this place: but when Isaw this hill, and how it hangs its brow, I atonce made a stand, lest it should fall on myhead."EVAN.-" What said that squire to you ?"CHR. " Why, he fain would know towhat place I was bound; and I told him."EVAN.-" And what said he then ?"CHR.-" He sought to know if I had awife and bairns, and I told him: 'but,' said I,'I am so borne down with the load that is onmy back, that I take not the same joy in themas I once did.'"EVAN.-" And what said he then ?"CHR.-" He bid me with speed get rid ofmy load, and I told him it was ease that Isought: and said I, 'I am hence bound foryon gate to gain more news how I may getto the place where my load may be cast off.'So he said that he would show me the best
24 The Pilgrim's Progress.way, one less long, too, and not so rife withrisks as the way, sir, that you set me in:'which way,' said he, 'will take you to asquire's house that hath skill to take offthese loads. So I put faith in him, and setout of that way till I came to this, if so be Imight soon get ease from my load: but whenI came to this place, and saw things as theyare, I stood for fear, as I said, of harm: butnow I know not what to do."Then said Evangelist, "Stand still ashort time, that I may show thee the wordsof God." So he stood and shook. Thensaid Evangelist, " See that ye spurn not himthat speaks. For if they did not scape whodid spurn him that spake on earth, much moreshall not we scape if we turn off from himthat speaks from on high." He said in likeway, " Now the just shall live by faith; butif any man draw back my soul shall have nojoy in him." And in this mode did he turnthese words to good: "Thou art the manthat doth run right in this woe. Thouhast sought to spurn the voice of theMost High, and to draw back thy foot from
Worldly- Wiseman. 25the way of peace. So, in fine, as to risk thysoul."Then Christian fell down at his feet asdead, and did cry, "Woe is me, for I amlost I" At the sight of which Evangelistcaught him by the right hand, and said, " Benot frail, but have faith." Then did Christianshow some signs of life, and stood up, whilehe shook, as at first, in sight of Evangelist.Then Evangelist went on, and said,"Give much more heed to the things that Ishall tell thee of. I will now show thee whoit was did lure thee; and, in like way, who itwas to whom he sent thee. The man thatmet thee is one Worldly-wiseman, and hebears a fit name; in part, for that his creed iswhat the world holds (whence he goes, at alltimes, to the town of Morality to church);and in part, for that he loves such faith best,for it saves him from the cross; and more,for that he is of' this gross mind, he henceseeks to speak ill of my ways, though right.Now, there are three things in this man'swords that thou must be sure and shun-hisscheme to turn thee out of the way; his
26 The Pilgrim's Progress.wish to make the cross a shame to thee; andhis guile, which did tempt thee to set thy feetin that way that leads to death." First, thou must loathe for that he madethee turn out of the way; yea, and of thyown free will too ; for this is to spurn the callof God just for to please a Worldly-wiseman.The Lord says, Strive to come in at thestrait gate (the gate to which I sent thee);for strait is the gate that doth lead to life,and few there be that find it.' From thissmall gate, and from the way to it, hath thisvile man made thee stray, so as to have nighbrought dire bale on thee; hate, then, thathe should have made thee turn out of theway; and feel low in mind for that thou didstgive h'eed to him."More than this, thou must loathe forthat he strove to make the cross a shame tothee; for thou art to prize it more than thewhole wealth of the world; for, mark, theMost High hath told thee, He that willsave his life shall lose it;' and 'He thatcomes after him, and hates not his sire anddame, and wife and bairns, and kith and kin,
SWorldly- Wiseman. 27yea, and his own life too, can be none ofShis ?' I say, then, for a man to strive to makethee think that that shall be thy death, voidof which the Truth hath said thou canst nothave life that knows no end, this creed thoumust spurn." Once more, thou must hate, for that hemade thee set thy feet in the way that leadsto death. And for this thou must bear inmind to whom he sent thee, no less than his.lack of skill to rid thee of thy load. He towhom thou wast sent for ease, by nameLegality, is the son of the slave, 'which nowis, and is in thrall with her bairns,' andis, to use a trope, this Mount Sinai whichthou didst fear would fall on thy head. Nowif she, with her brood, are in bonds, howcanst thou hope by them to be made free ?Hence this Legality has not the gift to setthee free from thy load. No man, as yet, gotrid of his load by him: no, nor till the end oftime is like to be. By the works of the lawnone can be made just,'for by the deeds of thelaw no man that lives can be rid of his load;hence Mr. Worldly-wiseman is a loon, and
28 The Pilgrim's Progress.Mr. Legality a cheat; and as for his son,Civility, though he wears soft looks, he is buta knave, and must fail to help thee. Trustme, there is naught else in all this noise thatthou hast heard of this sot but a schemeto lure thee of thy soul's bliss. For whichcause he made thee turn from the way whichI had set thee."Then Evangelist in a loud voice bade theskies hear and set their seal on what he said,and with that there came words and fire outof the mount, at the base of which poor Chris-tian stood, that made the hair of his fleshstand up. The words were in this strain:" Such as are of the works of the law have theban of the curse: for it is writ, A curse oneach one that bides not in all things whichare writ in the book of the law to do them."Now Christian felt sure fear of death,and burst out in a shrill cry, full of woe,as he did curse the time in which he metwith Mr. Worldly-wiseman. Still did hesay he was the chief of fools for the heed hegave to him. More than this, he felt deepshame to think that this squire's speech,
Worldly- Wiseman. 29which sprung but from the flesh, should havehad such weight with him as to cause him toquit the right way. This done, he spoke toEvangelist in words and sense thus:CHR.-" Sir, what think you? Is therehope? May I now go back and go up to thesmall gate? Shall I not be left lorn for this,and sent back from thence in shame? Igrieve that I paid heed to this man's words,but may my sin meet with grace?"Then said Evangelist to him, "Thy sinis most great, for by it thou hast done twobad deeds: thou hast left the way that isgood to tread in wrong paths, yet will theman at the gate let thee pass, for he has good-will for men ; but, " said he, " take heed thatthou turn on one side no more."Then did Christian make up his mind togo back, and Evangelist, when he did kisshis cheek, gave him a smile, and bid himGod speed.
30CHAPTER IV.THE WICKET-GATE.0 Christian went on with haste, norspake he to a man by the way; norif a man spoke to him, would hedeign him a word. He went like one that allthe while trod on ground he should not touch,and could by no means think he was safe, tillonce more he got in the way which he leftto please Mr. Worldly-wiseman : so in courseof time Christian got up to the gate. Nowat the top of the, gate there were writ thesewords :"Itnoth, arnS it slhil ope fa goa."Hence he did knock more than once or twice,and said-" May I now come in here ? and will but heWho has the might, ope it to such as meThough erst a foe I've been? Oh, then shall INot fail to sing for aye his praise on high."At last there came a grave man to thegate, whose name was Goodwill, who sought
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The Wicket-gate. 31to know who was there? and whence hecame ? and what he.would have ?CHR.-" Here is a poor vile wight; I come-from the City of Destruction, but am boundfor Mount Zion, that I may get safe from thewrath to come. I would, for this cause, sir,since I am told that by this gate is the wayto it, know if you will let me in."" I will, with all my heart," said he; andwith that he drew back the gate.So when Christian made the first move,the man gave him a pull. Then saidChristian, "What means that ?" The mantold him, "A short way from this gate thereis built a strong fort, of which the Princeof Hell is the chief; from thence both he andthey that are with him shoot darts at themthat come up to this gate, that so be they maydie ere they get in." Then said Christian," I feel joy and yet shake." So when he wasgot in, the man of the gate said to him,"Who told him to come to that place?"CHR.-" Evangelist bid me come hereand knock, as I did; and he said that you,sir, would tell me what I must do."
32 The Pilgrim's Progress.GOOD.-" A door is set wide for thee,and no man can shut it."CHR.-" Now I reap in part the good ofmy risks."GOOD.-" But how is that no one camewith you ?"CHR.-" For that none of those whodwelt near me saw their plight as I sawmine."GooD.--" Did one or more of them knowthat you meant to come here ?"CI-IR.-" Yes; my wife and bairns saw meat the first, and did call to me to turn round.In like way some folk stood and wept, andsought to bring me back; but I stopt myears, and so came on my way.""GooD.-But did none of them go inquest of you, to urge you to go back ?"CHR.-" Yes, both Obstinate and Pliable;but when they saw that they could not gaintheir end, Obstinate went back, and did railthe while; but Pliable came with me a shortway.GooD.-" But why did he not comethrough ?"
The Wicket-gate. 33CHR.-"We, in truth, came on side byside till we came to the Slough of Despond,in the which he, in like way, fell souse; andthen Pliable felt fear, and would not moveone step more But as he got out onthat side next to his own house, he toldme I should hold the brave land for him.So he went his way, and I came mine:he in the wake of Obstinate, and I to thisgate."Then said Goodwill, " Ah, poor man IIs the bliss of the skies so light a thing withhim, that he counts it not worth the risks hemust run of a few straits, to gain it ?"" In sooth," said Christian, " I have saidthe truth of Pliable; and if I should, in likecase, say the truth of my own heart, it willseem that I am as bad as he. It is true hewent back to his house; but I, too, did turnon one side to go in the way of death, andI was led to this by the base arts of oneMr. Worldly-wiseman."GOOD.-" Oh, did he light on you?What I he would have had you seek forease at the hands of Mr. Legality: they areD
34 The Pilgrim's Progress.both of them true cheats. But were you ledby him ?"CHR.-" Yes, as far as I durst. I wentto find out Mr. Legality, till I thought themount that stands by his house would havecome down on my head: for which cause Ihad to stop."GooD.-" That mount has been the deathof a host, and will be the death of still more:it is well you came off so well, and that it didnot dash you to bits."CHR.-" Why, in truth, I do not knowwhat hap had come to me there, had notEvangelist by good luck met me once more,while I did muse in the midst of my dumps:but it was God's grace that he came to metwice, for else I could not have got to thisplace. But now I am come, such a one as Iam, more fit, in sooth, for death by that mount,than thus to stand and talk with my Lord.But oh what a boon is this to me, that yetI am let go in here !"GOOD.-" We shut out none, and take nonote of what they have done up to the timethey come here: 'they in no wise are cast
The Wicket-gate. 35out:' and hence, good Christian, come a weeway with me, and I will teach thee in whatway thou must go. Look right in front ofthee; dost thou see this strait way? That isthe way thou must go. It was cast up bygood men and seers of old, Christ, and thosewhom he sent to preach his Word, and it isas straight as a rule can make it. This isthe way thou must go."" But," said Christian, " are there no turnsor bends by which one who has not trod itmay lose his way ?"GOOD.-" Yes, there are some ways buttdown on this; and they are bent and wide:but thus thou canst judge the right from thewrong, that the first is straight and notbroad."Then I saw in my dream that Christiandid ask him if he could not help him off withhis load that was on his back; for as yet hehad not got rid of it, nor could he, strive ashe might, get it off save he had help. Hetold him, "As to thy load, try and bear it tillthou dost come to the place of ease; for thereit will, by its own means, fall from thy back."D2
36 The Pilgrim's Progress.Then Christian strove to gird up his loins,and to set out on his way. So he with whomhe had held speech told him, "That by thathe had gone some way from the gate hewould come at the house of the Interpreter,at whose door he should knock, and he wouldshow him good things." Then Christiantook his leave of his friend, and he oncemore bid him God speed.""~~".i
37CHAPTER V.THE INTERPRETER'S HOUSE.HEN he went on till he came to thehouse of the Interpreter, at whichhe gave some smart knocks. Atlast one came to the door, and did ask whowas there ?CHR.-" Sir, here is a wight on the road,who was bid by one that knows the goodman of the house to call here for my weal;I would hence speak with the chief of thehouse." So he did call for the head of thehouse, who in a short time came to Chris-tian, and sought to know what he wouldhave." Sir," said Christian, " I am a man thatam come from the City of Destruction, andam bound for the Mount Zion; and I wastold by the man that stands at the gate at thehead of this way, that if I came here youwould show me good things, such as wouldbe a help to me on the road."
38 The Pilgri's Progress.Then said the Interpreter, " Come in; Iwill show thee that which will be of use tothee." So he told his man to light the lamp,and bid Christian go in his track. Then hehad him in a room where none else couldcome, and bid his man fold back the door, thewhich when he had done Christian saw theprint of one, most grave of look, hung up onthe wall, and this was the style of it: It hadeyes that did stare at the sky, the best ofbooks in its hand, and the law of truth waswrit on its lips, the world was at its back, itstood as if it did plead with men, and acrown of gold did hang nigh its head.Then said Christian, "What means this ?"INTER.-" The man whose print thisis, is one of a host; he can breed bairnsand nurse them when they are born. Andnow that thou dost see him with his eyes liftup to the skies, the best of books in his hand,and the law of truth writ on his lips, it isto show thee that his work is to know andmake known dark things to such as sin, justas now thou dost see him stand as if hewould plead with men. And as thou dost see
The Interpreter's House. 39the world cast at his back, and that a crownhangs nigh his head, it is to show thee thatto slight and spurn the things of time forthe love that he hath for Him he serves,he is sure in the world that comes next tohave his due meed. Now," said the Inter-preter, " I have shown thee this print first forthis cause, that the man whose print this is,is the sole man whom the Lord of the placewhere thou dost go hath sent as thy guidethrough all the twists and turns thou wiltmeet with in the way; hence take good heedto what I have shown thee, and bear well inthy mind what thou hast seen, lest, in thyroute, thou meet with some that say they canlead thee right; but their way goes down todeath."Then he took him by the hand, and ledhim to a large room on the ground floor thatwas full of dust, as it had not been sweptsince the house was built; the which, whenhe had seen it a short while, the Interpreterdid call for a man to sweep. Now whenhe swept the dust fled round so thick thatit did well nigh choke Christian. Then
40 The Pilgrim's Progress.said the Interpreter to a girl that stood by," Bring hence from yon brook the means tolay this dust;" which when she had done, itwas swept and made clean with ease.Then said Christian, "What means this ?"The Interpreter thus spoke: " This roomon the ground floor is the heart of man thathas not been made pure by the sweet graceof Christ's Word. The dust is the sin thatcleaves to him through the Fall, and the lustthat hath made foul the whole man. Hewho at first swept is the Law; but she thatbrought the means to lay the dust is theGospel. Now, thou didst note that as soonas the first sought to sweep, the dust did flyto and fro so thick that the room could notbe made clean, but that it did well nighchoke thee. This is to show thee that theLaw does not cleanse the heart (as it works)from sin, but in lieu of this, doth give freshlife and force to it, doth spread it in the soul,as it doth but make known and chide, butdoth not give strength to crush it. Oncemore, as thou didst see the girl lay the dustof the room with ease, so is sin brought low
The Interpreter's House. 41.and the soul made clean, through the faith ofit; and hence, fit for the King of Kings todwell in."I saw too, in my dream, that the Inter-preter took him by the hand, and had him ina small room, where sat two youths, each onein his chair. The name of the most grownwas Passion, and of the next, Patience:Passion did not seem at rest, but Patiencewas quite still.Then Christian said, "What is the causewhy Passion is so ill at ease?"Quoth the Interpreter: " He who hascharge of him would have him stay for hisbest things till the new year came round, buthe will have them all now; but Patience hasthe mind to wait."Then I saw that one came to Passion andbrought him a bag of rich gifts, and did pourit down at his feet; the which he took up andfelt joy in it, while at Patience he gave alaugh of scorn. But I saw but a time, andhe had got rid of all, and had naught leftbut rags.Then said Christian to the Interpreter,
42 The Pilgrim's Progress."I would have you make this thing moreclear to me."So he said, "These two lads are signs:Passion of the men of this world, andPatience of the men of that which is to comefor, as here thou dost see, Passion will haveall now, this year, that is to say in this world,so are the men of this world; they must haveall their good things now; they durst not staytill next year, that is till the next world, fortheir share of good. That trite phrase, 'Abird in the hand is worth two in the bush,' isof more weight with them than are all thatGod's Word doth speak of the good of theworld to come. But as thou didst see that hehad soon got rid of all, and had left himnaught but rags, so will it be with all suchmen at the end of this world."Then said Christian, " Now I see thatPatience has the best sense, and that on moregrounds than one; for that he stays for thebest things, and in like way for that he willhave the gain of his when Passion hasnaught but rags."INTER.-" Nay, you may add .one more,
The Interpreter's House' 43to wit, the joys of the next World will notwear out, but these are soon gone. HencePassion had not so much cause to laugh atPatience, for he had his good things first, asPatience will have to laugh at Passion, ashe had his best things last; for first mustgive place to last, as last must have his timeto come; but last gives place to naught, forthere is not one to come. He, then, that hathhis partfirst must needs have a time to spendit; but he that hath his part last must haveit for aye. For this cause it is said of Dives,'In the time of thy life thou didst get thygood things, and Lazarus bad things; butnow he is in bliss, and thou art in pain.'"CHR.-" Then I see it is not best to cravethings that are now, but to wait for things tocome."INTER.-YOu say truth, 'for the thingsthat are seen do not last, but the things thatare not seen fade not.' But though this beso, yet since things of time and the lusts ofour flesh dwell so near, and for that things tocome and gross sense are strange each toeach: hence it is that the first of these so soon
44 The Pilgrim's Progress.fall to love, and that so wide a gulf is kept upin the next case."Then I saw in my dream that the Inter-preter took Christian by the hand, and ledhim to a place where a fire burnt close toa wall, and one stood by it, who strove at alltimes to quench it; but the more wet cast onit, the more high and hot it burnt.Then said Christian, " What means this ?"The Interpreter said, "This fire is thework of grace that is wrought in the heart:he that casts wet on it to quench it and put itout, is the Foe of Man: but in that thou dostsee the fire in spite of this burn more highand hot, thou shalt as well see the cause ofthat." So he had him round to the backside of the wall, where he saw a man with alarge flask of oil in his hand, of the which hedid not cease to cast in the fire, though noneknew of it.Then said Christian, " What means this ?'"Quoth the Interpreter, "This is Christ,who at all times with the oil of his gracekeeps up the work first wrought in the heart,by the means of which, in spite of what the
The Interpreter's House. 45foe can do, the souls of his flock prove full ofgrace still. And in that thou didst see thatthe man stood at the back of the wall to makethe fire rage; this is to teach thee that it ishard for those whom the foul fiend tempts tosee how this work of grace is kept up in thesoul."I saw, in like way, that the Interpretertook him once more by the hand, and ledhim to a choice place, where was built agreat house, fine to look at; at the sight ofwhich Christian felt much joy: he saw, too,on the top of it some folk that did walk toand fro, who were clad all in gold.Then said Christian, "May we go inthere ?"Then the Interpreter took him, and ledhim up nigh to the door of the great house;and lo, at the door stood a host of men asdid wish to go in, but durst not. There, too,sat a man a short way from the door, at theside of a board, with a book and his desk infront of him, to take the name of him thatshould come in. More than this, he sawthat in the porch stood groups of men, clad
46 The Pilgrim's Progress.in coats of mail, to keep it, who meant to do.all the hurt and harm they could to the manthat would go in. Now was Christian in asore maze. At last, when all the men didstart back for fear of the men who bore arms,Christian saw a man of a bold face come upto the man that sat there to write, and say," Set down my name, sir;" the which whenhe had done, he saw the man draw his sword,and put a casque on his head, and rush to thedoor on the men who had arms, who laid onhim with fierce force; but the man, not at allput out of the way, fell to, and did cut andhack with all his might: so, when he had gotand dealt scores of wounds to those that stroveto keep him out, he cut his way through themall, and made straight for the great house; atwhich there was a sweet voice heard fromthose that were in it, and of those that didwalk on the top of the house, in this wise-"Come in, come in,Bliss for all time thou shalt win."So he went in, -and was clad with such robesas they. Then did Christian smile, and
The Interpreter's House. 47say, " I think of a truth I know what thismeans."" Now," said Christian, " let me go hence."" Nay, stay," said the Interpreter, " till Ihave shown thee some more; and then thoushalt go on thy way."So he took him by the hand once more,and led him to a room dark as pitch, wherethere sat a man in a steel cage. Now theman to look on was most sad: he sat withhis eyes bent on the ground, his handsclaspt, and he gave sighs as if he wouldbreak his heart.Then said Christian, " What means this ?"At which the Interpreter bid him talkwith the man.Then said Christian to the man, "Whatart thou ?"The man said, "I am what I was notonce."CHR.-" What wast thou once?"The man said, "I once did seem to bewhat I was not; fair in mine own eyes, andin the eyes of those that knew me. I wasonce, as I thought, fair for the Celestial City,
48 The Pilgrim's Progress.and went so far as to have joy at the thoughtsthat I should get there."CHR.-" Well, but what art thou now?"MAN.-"I am now a man lost to hope; inwhich gloom I am shut up as in this steelcage. I fail to get out: Oh, now I fail I"CHR.-" But how didst thou get in thisstate ?"MAN.-" I left off to watch and be ofsound mind. I laid the reins on the neckof my lusts; I did sin in face of thelight of the Word, and the grace of God.I made the Spirit grieve, and he is gone;I did tempt the fiend, and he is come tome; I have made God wroth, and he hasleft me; I have let my heart grow so hard,that'I fail to weep for my sins."Then said Christian to the Interpreter,"But is there no hope for such a man asthis ?""Ask him," said the Interpreter.Then said Christian, " Is there no hope,but you must be kept in the steel cage ofgloom ?"MAN.-" None at all."
The Interpreter's House. 49CHR.-" Why? The Son of the MostHigh is full of ruth."MAN.-" I have put him to death oncemore, I have set at naught his gifts, thoughthis blood a thing of no use, did spurn theSpirit of grace, hence I am shut out of allthat God's Word tells of, and I am quitelost."CHR.-" For what did you get in sucha sad state ?"MAN.-" For the lusts, needs, and gainsof this world; in the whirl of which Ithought I should have much joy; but noweach one of those things bites me, and gnawsme like a worm of fire."CHR.-" But canst thou not now grieveand turn ?"MAN.-" God hath not let me; his Wordgives me no aid to faith; yea, he hath shutme up in this steel cage; nor can all the menin the world let me out. A time that endsnot! how shall I fight with the woe that Imust meet with when what we call time shallbe no more ?"Then said the Interpreter to Christian,E
50 The Pilgrim's Progress."Let this man's wails be dwelt on by thee,and cease not to teach thee how to act.""Well," said Christian, " this is dire IGod help me to watch and be of sound mind,and to pray that I may shun each cause ofthis man's woe. Sir, is it not time for me togo on my way now ?"INTER.-" Wait till I shall show thee onething more, and then thou shalt go on thyway."So he took Christian by the hand oncemore, and led him to a room where one didrise out of bed; and as he put on his clotheshe did shake and quake.Then said Christian, "Why doth thisman thus shake ?"The Interpreter then bid him tell toChristian the cause of this. So he spoke andsaid, "This night as I was in my sleep Idreamt, and lo, the sky grew black as ink,when flame flit from the clouds; on which Iheard a dread noise, that put me in throes ofpain. So I did lift up my eyes in my dream,and saw the clouds rack at a strange rate,when I heard a great sound of a trump, and
The Interpreter's House. 51saw, too, a man sit on a cloud, with a hugehost near to him: they were all in flames offire; while the sky, too, was on a fierce flame.I heard, then, a voice that said, 'Come forthye dead and meet your Judge And withthat the rocks rent, the graves did gape, andthe dead that were in them came forth. Someof them were most glad, and held high theirheads, and some sought to hide them downat the base of the mounts. Then I saw theman that sat on the cloud fold back the bookand bid the world draw near. There was awide space kept clear by a hot flame thatcame from the front of him, and cut off himand them, so as to be like the judge androgues at the bar. I heard it, in like way,told to them that were near the man that saton the cloud, 'Bind up the tares, and thechaff, and the stalks, and cast them in thelake that burns with fire.' And with that thehuge pit did yawn just where I stood; out ofthe mouth of which there came in full flowdense smoke and coals of fire, with dreadnoise. Then said the voice to the same men,'Pit up my wheat in the barn I' and withE2
52 The Pilgrim's Progress.that I saw a host caught up in the clouds,but I was left stay. In like way I sought tohide my head, but I could not, for the manthat sat on the cloud still kept his eye onme; my sins, too, came to my mind, and Ifelt qualms look where I would. Then did Iwake from my sleep."CHR.-" But what was it that made youso quake at this sight ?"MAN.-" Why, I thought that the day ofdoom had come, and that I was not fit tomeet it. But this made me fear most, thatsome were caught up while I was left. Morethan this, the pit of hell did yawn just whereI stood. My sense of guilt, too, gave megrief; and, as I thought, the Judge kept hiseye on me, while his looks were full of scorn."Then said the Interpreter to Christian,"Hast thou thought well on all thesethings ?"CHR.-" Yes; and they put me in hopeand fear."INTER.-" Well, keep all things so in thymind that they may be as a goad in thy sides,to prick thee on in the way thou must go."
The Interpreter's House. 53Then Christian girt up his loins, andthought but of the long road he had to tread.Then said the Interpreter, "The Lord beat all times with thee, good Christian, toguide thee in the way that leads to the town."So Christian went on his way, and saidthe while-" Here I have seen things rare, and of much use;Things that did please, most dread, things to make meHold fast to what I do now take in hand:Then let me think on them, and try to knowWhy they were shown to me; and let me giveTo thee, O good Interpreter, my thanks."
54CHAPTER VI.THE CROSS AND THE CONTRAST.OW I saw in my dream that the highroad, up which Christian was to go,had on each side a wall for a fence,and that wall went by the name of Salvation.Up this way, then, did Christian run withhis load, which, from its great weight, madehim puff and pant.He ran thus till he came to a place wherewas a high slope, and on that place stood across, and a short way from it in the vale,a tomb. So I saw in my dream that justas Christian came up with the cross, his loadgot loose from his neck, and fell from off hisback, and did roll till it came to the mouthof the grave, where it fell in, and I saw it nomore.Then was Christian full glad, and said,with a gay heart, " He hath brought me restby his grief, and life by his death." Then hestood still a short time to look with awe, for
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The Cross and the Contrast. 55it was a strange thing to him that the sightof the cross should thus ease him of his load.Hence did he look and look once more, tillthe springs that were in his heart sent streamsdown his cheeks. Now as he stood in tears,his eyes bent on the cross, lo, three BrightOnes came to him, and did greet him with" Peace be to thee." So the first said to him," Thou art free from thy sins ;" the next stripthim of his rags, and put on him a change ofclothes; the third, too, set a mark on hisbrow, and gave him a roll with a seal on it,which he bid him look on as he ran, and thathe should give it in at the Celestial Gate; sothey went their way. Then Christian gavethree leaps for joy, and sang in this strain:-"Thus far did I come, bent down with my sin,Nor could aught ease the grief that I was in,Till I came here: what a strange place is this !Must here be the first sweet taste of my bliss ?Must here the large load fall from off my back ?Must here the strings that bound it to me crack ?Blest cross blest tomb but still the more blest beThe Man that there was put to shame for me !"I saw then in my dream that he went on
56 The Pilgrim's Progress.thus till he came to a vale, where he saw,a few yards out of the way, three men indeep sleep, with gyves on their heels. Thename of the one was Simple; the next,Sloth; and the third, Presumption.Christian then, as he saw them lie in thiscase, went to them, if so be he might rousethem; so he said in a loud voice, " You arelike them that sleep on the top of a mast,for the Dead Sea is low down at your feet,a gulph that no plumb line can sound; getup, hence, and come on. But will it, too,and I will help you off with your chains."He, in like way, told them, " If he that goesto and fro, and doth roar like the king ofbeasts, comes by, you will, of a truth; falla prey to his teeth."With this they gave a glum look athim, and spoke in this sort: Simple said,"I see no cause to fear;" Sloth said, "Yetsome more sleep;" and Presumption said," Each tub must stand on its own end." Andso they lay down to sleep once more, andChristian went on his way.Yet felt he grief to think that men in that
The Cross and the Contrast. 57sad plight should so spurn the kind act ofhim that of his own free will sought to helpthem, both by the bout to wake them, sagewords, and the wish to help them off withtheir chains. And as he did grieve from thiscause, he saw two men roll off a wall, on theleft hand of the strait way; and they madequick pace up to him. The name of the onewas Formalist, and the name of the nextHypocrisy. So, as I said, they drew up nighhim, who thus held speech with them.CHR.-" Sirs, whence came you, andwhere do you go ?"FORM. AND HYP.-" We were born in theland of Vain-glory, and are bent for praiseto Mount Zion."CHR.--"Why came you not in at thegate which stands at the head of the way?Know you not that it is set down, that 'hethat comes not in by the door, but climbsup some back way, the same is a thief anda rogue ?'"They said, " That to go to the gate to getin was by all their horde thought too farround; and that hence the way they were
58 The Pilgrim's Progress.wont to take was to make a short cut of it,and to climb the wall as they had done."CHR.-" But will it not be thought awrong done to the Lord of the town wherewe are bound, thus to break his law whichhe hath made known to us ?"They told him, " That as for that, he neednot to rack his head on that score; for whatthey did they had a right to do, and couldbring, if need be, proof that would bear itout for a long term of years."" But," said Christian, "will what you dostand proof at law ?"They told him, "That this act of theirs,as it stood for so long a time, would no doubtbe thought good in law by a just judge; andmore than this," said they, if we get inthe way, what boots it which way we get in ?If we are in, we are in. Thou art but in theway, who, as we see, came in at the gate;and we too are in the way, that fell from thetop of the wall. In what, now, is thy state awhit more good than ours?"CHR.-" I walk by the rule of my Lord;you walk by the rude quirks of your vague
The Cross and the Contrast. 59whims. At this time you count but as thievesin the sight of the Lord of the way; hence Idoubt you will not be found true men at theend of the way. You come in of your ownwill, and by no leave of his, and shall go outyour own way, with no chance of his ruth."To this they said but few words, but theybid him look to what he did. Then I sawthat they went on each man in his way; norheld they speech, save that these two mentold Christian, "That as to laws and rules,they had no doubt but they should as lief dothem as he. For which cause," said they," we see not in what you are not like to us, butby the coat that is on thy back, which, as wetrow, you got from some of your friends tohide the shame of your nude state."CHR.-" By laws and rules you will notget safe, since you came not in by the door.And as for this coat that is an my back, I gotit from the Lord of the place to which I go;and that, as you say, to hide my nude statewith. And I take it as a sign of his good willto me, for I had naught but rags till then;and more than this, I have joy as I go, for of
60 The Pilgrim's Progress.a truth, think I, when I come to the gate' ofthe town, the Lord of it will know me forgood, since I have his coat on my back; acoat that he gave me of his own free will theday that he stript me of my rags. I have,too, a mark on my brow, which you maynot have seen, which one of my Lord's moststanch friends put there, in the day that myload fell from off my back. More than this,I will tell you that I then got a roll with aseal on it, to cheer me while I read it, as Igo on the way: I was told to give it in at theCelestial Gate, as a sure sign that I, too,should go in at the right time: all whichthings I doubt you want, and want them forthat you came not in at the gate."To these things they gave him not a word,but they cast a glance each on each and didlaugh. Then I saw that they went on all,save that Christian kept in front, who had nomore talk, but did muse in his own mind, andthat one time with sighs, and now with ease.He would, too, read much in the roll thatone of the Bright Ones gave him, which didserve to brace and buoy him up.
CHAPTER VII.THE HILL DIFFICULTY.SAW then that they all went on tillthey came to the foot of the HillDifficulty, at the end of which wasa spring. There were in the same place twoways more than that which came straightfrom the gate: one bent to the left hand, andthe next to the right, at the base of the hill;but the strait way lay right up the hill; andthe name of that path up the side of the hillis known as Difficulty. Christian now wentto the spring and drank of it to cool hisblood and quench his thirst, and then he setforth to go up the hill, while he said-"The hill, though high, I much long for to climb,Nor will the toil now cause me for to blench;For I see plain the way to life lies here:Come, pluck up, heart, let me nor fear nor faint;Best far, though hard, the right way for to go,Than wrong, though smooth, where the end is woe."The two with whom he had held speech
62 The Pilgrim's Progress.in like way came to the foot of the hill; butwhen they saw that the hill was steep andhigh, and that there were two more ways togo, and as they thought that these two waysmight meet in the long run with that upwhich Christian went, on the rear side of thehill; hence they made up their minds to goin those ways.Now the name of one of those ways wasDanger, and the name of the next Destruc-tion. So the one took the way which isknown as Danger, which led him to agreat wood; and he who was with him tookstraight up the way to Destruction, which ledto a wide field full of dark cliffs, where hemade a slip, and fell, and rose no more.I then cast my eyes on Christian, and Isaw that from a run he came to a walk, andat last had to climb on his hands and hisknees, so steep was the place.Now half the way to the top of thehill was a nook made of trees, fair to lookon, made by the Lord of the hill for thegood of such as trod that place. There,then, Christian got; there, too, he sat down
The Hill Difficulty. 63to rest him. Then he took his roll out of hisbreast, and read in it to his peace. In likeway did he look once more on the coat, orrobe, that he got as he stood by the cross.Thus sought he cheer a while, when hefell to doze, and then went off in a fastsleep, which kept him in that place till it wasjust night; and in his sleep his roll fell outof his hand.Now as he slept there came one to him,who woke him and said, "Go to the ant,thou man of sloth; think of her ways, and bewise." And with that Christian did start up,and went on till he came to the top of thehill.Now when he was got up to the top ofthe hill, there came two men who ran rightup to him so as to push him. The nameof the one was Timorous, and of the nextMistrust ; to whom Christian said, " Sirs,what doth ail you? You run the wrongway."Timorous said that they were bound tothe City of Zion, and had got up to that hardplace; "but." said he, "the more we go on
64 The Pilgrim's Progress.the more risks we meet with; hence did weturn, and mean not to go back."" Yes," said Mistrust, " for just in frontof us lie a brace of wild beasts in the way-that they sleep or wake we know not-and we could not think if we came in theirreach but they would at once pull us in bits."Then, said Christian, " You rouse myfears: but where shall I flee to be safe ? IfI go back to mine own land, it is to beburnt with fire, and I shall of a truth belost there: if I can get to the Celestial City Iam sure to be quite safe there. I must takethe chance: to go back is naught but death;to go on is fear of death, and life that laststhen to come. I will yet go on."Then Mistrust and Timorous ran downthe hill, and Christian went on his way. Butas he dwelt on what he heard from the men,he felt in his breast for his roll, that he mightread in it and get ease; but he felt and foundit not. Then was Christian in great grief,and knew not what to do, for he sought thatwhich was wont to bring him peace, and thatwhich should have been his pass to the
The Hill Difficulty. 65Celestial City. Here, then, he grew in amaze, and knew not what to do. At last hebrought to mind that he had slept in thenook that is on the side of the hill, whenhe fell down on his knees and did ask Godto cleanse him from that weak act, and thenwent back to look for his roll. But all theway he went back, who can with full force setforth the woes of Christian's heart ? At onetime he would sigh; then he wept, and didchide him for his lack of sense in that he fellto sleep in that place, which was built but fora slight rest on the way. Thus, then, hewent back, his looks bent on this side and onthat all the way he went, if so be he mightfind the roll that had been his joy more thanonce while on the road. He went thus tillhe came in sight of the place where he satand slept; but that sight gave him the moregrief as it brought back his vile sin of slothto his mind. Thus, then, he now went onto wail for his sleep of sin, and said, " 0base man that I am that I should sleepwhile it was day that I should sleep in themidst of toil l that I should so feast the fleshF
66 The Pilgrim's Progress.as to use that rest for ease to my flesh whichthe Lord of the hill hath built but for thosewho grow faint of soul by the way Whatscores of steps have I made in vain I Thusdid it hap to Israel for their sin; they weresent back once more by the way of the RedSea, and I am made to tread those steps withgrief which I might have trod with joy hadit not been for this vile sleep. How far mightI have been on my way by this time 1 I ammade to tread those steps thrice in turnwhich I need to have trod but once; yea,now, more than this, I am like to fall in withnight, for the day is all but spent. Oh, thatI had not slept!"Now by this time he was come to thenook once more, where for a while he satdown and wept; but at last (as Christianwould have it), he gave a sad look at the footof the bench, and there he saw his lost roll;the which he with fear and haste caught upand put in his breast. But who can tell howfull of joy this man was when he had comeby his lost roll ? For this roll was the pledgeof his life, and :the means by which he could
The Hill Dificulty. 67go in and find good will at the place hesought. For this cause he laid it up in hisbreast, gave thanks to God for that he didcause his eye to rest on the spot where it lay,and with joy and tears he once more set outon his route. But oh, how quick now did hego up the rest of the hill! Yet ere he got upthe sun went down on Christian; and thismade him once more think how vain it wasfor him to have sunk to sleep: and thus didhe try to soothe his heart: " 0 thou vilesleep! how for thy sake am I like to fall inwith night while on the road! I must walkand find no light of sun, while night mustshroud the path of my feet, and I must hearthe noise of wild beasts, and all throughthis vile sleep !" Now, in like way, hebrought to mind the tale that Mistrust andTimorous had told him of how they tookfright at the sight of the wild beasts. Thendid Christian muse thus: " These beastsrange in the night for their prey; and ifthey should meet with me in the dark, howshould I shift them ? how should I get freefrom their fangs? they would tear me toF 2
68 The Pilgrim's Progress.bits." Thus he went on his way. But, whilehe did mourn his dire hap, he lift up hiseyes, and lo, there was a grand house infront of him, the name of which was Beauti-ful, and it stood just on the side of the highroad.
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69CHAPTER VIII.THE PALACE BEAUTIFUL.0 I saw in my dream that he madehaste and went forth, that, if so be,he might get a place to lodge there.Now ere he had gone far, he came to a straitlane which was not a long way off of thePorter's lodge; and, as he kept a sharp lookout as he went, he saw two wild beasts inthe way. " Now," thought he, "I see whatit was drove back Mistrust and Timorous,"(The beasts were made fast, but he saw notthe chains.) Then he took fright, and thoughtin like way to go back as they had done; forhe thought death of a truth did face him. Butwhen the man at the lodge, whose name isWatchful, saw that Christian made a halt, asif he would go back, he did cry to him andsay, " Is thy strength so small? Fear notthe wild beasts, for they are in chains, and areput there for test of faith where it is, and tomake known those that have none: keep in
70 The Pilgrim's Progress.the midst of the path, and no hurt shall cometo thee."Then I saw that he went on .to shake forfear of the wild beasts; but as he paid goodheed to the words of the Porter, he heardthem roar, but they did him no harm. Thendid he clap his hands, and went on till hecame and stood in front of the gate wherethe Porter was. Then said Christian to thePorter, " Sir, what house is this? and may Ilodge here this night?" The Porter said," This house was built by the Lord of thehill, and he built it to aid and guard such asspeed this way." The Porter, in like way,sought to know whence he was? and to whatplace he was bound ?CHR.-" I am come from the City ofDestruction; and am on my way to MountZion; but as the sun is now set, I wish, ifI may, to lodge here this night."POR.-" What is your name?"CHR.-" My name is now Christian, butmy name at the first was Graceless: I cameof the race of Japhet, whom God will causeto dwell in the tents of Shem."
The Palace Beautifil. 71POR.-" But how doth it hap that youcome so late ? The sun is set."CHR.-" I had been here ere this, but that,mean man that I am, I slept in the nookthat stands on the side of the hill. Nay, Ihad, if that was not so, been here long since,but that in my sleep I lost my roll, and inthis state came to the brow of the hill; andthen, as I felt for it, but found it not, I hadwith grief of heart to go back to the placewhere I slept my sleep; where I found it, andnow I am come."POR.-" Well, I will call out one of themaids of this place, who will, if she likesyour talk, bring you in to the rest of thefolk, as such are the rules of the house."So Watchful rang a bell, at the sound ofwhich came out at the door of the house agrave and fair maid, whose name was Dis-cretion, who would know why she had gota call.The Porter said, " This man is in the wayfrom the City of Destruction to Mount Zion,but as he doth tire, and as night came on, hesought to know if he might lodge here for the
72 The Pilgrim's Progress.night: so I told him I would call for thee,who, when thou dost speak with him, may doas seems to thee good, and act up to the lawof the house."Then she would know whence he was, andto what place he was bound; and he told her.She would know, too, how he got in the way;and he told her. Then did she ask him whathe had seen and met with in the way; andhe told her. And at last she would knowhis name. So he said, " It is Christian; andI have so much the more wish to lodge herethis night, for that, as I think, this place wasbuilt by the Lord of the hill so as to help andguard those who wax worn by the way." Soa smile sat on her lips, but the tears stood inher eyes; and, when she gave a short pause,she said, " I will call forth two or three moreof those who dwell here." So she ran to thedoor, and did call out Prudence, Piety, andCharity; and when she had held more speechwith him, he was brought in, and madeknown to all who dwelt in the house, some ofwhom met him at the porch, and said, " Comein, thou whom the Lord doth bless; this
The Palace Beautiful. 73house was built by the Lord of the hill, togive good cheer to such who, like you, growfaint by the way." Then he bent his head,and went in with them to the house. Sowhen he was come in and set down, theygave him to drink, and then they thoughtthat till the last meal was brought up, someof them should have some wise talk withChristian, so as to make good use of time;and Piety, and Prudence, and Charity werebade to speak with him, which they did inthis wise:PI.-" Come, good Christian, since wehave shown such love for you as to makeyou our guest this night, let us, if so be wemay each get good by it, talk with you of allthings that you have met with on your way."CHR.--"With a right good will; and Iam glad your mind is so well bent."PI.--" What led you at first to take to thismode of life ?"CHR.--" I had to flee from my own landby a dire sound that was in my ears; to wit,that a sure curse would rest on me if I staidin that place where I was."
74 The Pilgrims Progress.Pi.-" But how was it that you came outof your land this way ?"CHR.-" It was as God would have it;for when I was full of the fears of doom, Idid not know where to go; but by chancethere came a man then to me, whilst I shookand wept, whose name is Evangelist, and hetold me how to reach the small gate, whichelse I should not have found, and so set mein the way that hath led me straight to thishouse."PI.-" But did you not come by the houseof the Interpreter ?"CHR.-"Yes, and did see such thingsthere, the thoughts of which will stick byme as long as I live; in chief, three things;to wit, how Christ, in spite of the Foe ofMan, keeps up his work of grace in theheart; how the man, through sin, had gotquite out of hopes of God's ruth; and, in likeway, the dream of him that thought in hissleep the day of doom was come."PI.-" Why, did you hear him tell hisdream ?"CHR.-" Yes. and a dire dream it was, I
The Pa I. Beati4fJ. 75thought; it made my heart ache to hear himtell of it: but yet I am glad I heard it."PI.-Was this all you saw at the house ofthe Interpreter ?"CHR.-" No; he took me and had mewhere I was shown a grand house, and howthose were clad in gold that were in it; andhow there came a bold man, and cut his waythrough the men in arms that stood in thedoor to keep him out, and how he was bidcome in and win that bliss that knows noend. I thought those things did steep myheart in joy."PI.-" And what saw you else in theway?"CHR.-" Saw! Why, I went but a weeway and I saw One, as I thought in mymind, hang and bleed on a tree; and thesheer sight of him made my load fall off myback; for I did groan through the greatweight, but then it fell down from off me. Itwas a strange thing to me, for up to thattime I saw not such a thing in my life; yea,and while I stood and cast up my eyes (forthen I could not help but look), three Bright
76 The Pilgrim's Progress.Ones came to me. One of them told me thatI was made clean from my sins; the nextstript me of my rags, and gave me this coat,on which is wrought rich work, as you see;and the third set the mark which you see onmy brow, and gave me this roll with a sealto it," and with that he did pluck it out ofhis breast.PI.-" But you saw more than this, didyou not ?"CHR.-" The things that I have told youwere the best; yet some more things I saw,as, first of all, I saw three men, Simple,Sloth, and Presumption, lie in sleep, not farout of the way as I came, with gyves on theirheels; but do you think I could rouse them ?I saw, in like way, Formalist and Hypocrisycome and roll from the top of a wall, to go, asthey fain would have me think, to Zion; butthey were lost in a trice, just as I did tellthem; but they would not heed my words.But, more than all, I found it hard work toget up this hill, and as hard to come by thewild beasts' mouths: and, in sooth, if it hadnot been for the good man the Porter, that
The Palace Beautiful. 77stands at the gate, I do not know but thatin spite of all I might have gone back oncemore; but now, I thank God, I am here; andI thank you for that you brought me in."Then Prudence thought good to ask hima few things, of which to speak as he knew.PR.-" Do you think at times of the landfrom whence you came?"CHR.-" Yes, but with much shame andhate."PR.-" Do you not yet bear hence withyou some of the things that you well knewthere ?"CHR.-" Yes, but much in strife with mywill; the more so the crass thoughts of myheart, with which all the folk of my land, aswell as I, would find joy; but now all thosethings are my grief, and might I but choosemine own things, I would choose not to thinkof those things more; but when I would dothat which is best, that which is worst iswith me."PR.-" Do you not find now and then asif those things were in thrall which at timesset you in a maze ?"
78 The Pilgrim's Progress.CHR.-" Yes, but that is but rare; butthey are to me bright hours in which suchthings come to me."PR.-" Can you bring to mind by whatmeans you find your thorns in the flesh attimes as if they were in thrall ?"CHR.-" Yes; when I think what I saw atthe cross, that will do it; and when I lookon my rich coat, that will do it; in like waywhen I look in and read the roll I bear in mybreast, that will do it; and when my thoughtswax warm as to the place where I am bound,that will do it."PR.-" And what is it that makes you solong to go to Mount Zion ?"CHR.-" Why, there I hope to see Himlive that did hang dead on the cross; andthere I hope to be rid of all those things thatto this day are in me and do vex me : therethey say there is no death; and there I shalldwell with such folk as I like best. For, totell you the truth, I love Him for that by HimI got ease from my load ; and I tire of thatwhich makes sick my soul. I would fain bewhere I should die no more, and with the
The Palace Beautiful. 79host that shall not cease to sing songs ofpraise to Him who was slain."Then said Charity to Christian, " Haveyou bairns, and have you a wife ?"CHR.-" I have a wife and four smallbairns."CHAR.-" And why did you not bringthem on with you ?"Then Christian wept and said, "Oh, fainwould I have done it! but they were all ofthem loath to let me leave them."CHAR.-" But you should have sought toshow them the risks they ran when theyheld back."CHR.-" So I did; and told them, too,that God had shown to me how that ourtown would come to wrack; but they thoughtI did but mock, and they put no faith inwhat I said."CHAR.-"And did you pray to God thathe would bless your words to them ?"CHR.-" Yes, and that with much love,for you must think that my wife and poorbairns were most dear to me."CHAR.-" But did you tell them your own
80 The Pilgrim's Progress.grief and fear of bale? for I dare say thatdire doom was quite plain to you."CHR.-" Yes, more times than I can tell.They might, too, have seen my fears in myface, in my tears, and when I shook throughdread of the woes that did seem so nigh : butall was in vain; I could not get them to comewith me."CHAR.-" But what could they say to showcause why they came not ?"CHR.-" Why, my wife was loath to losethis world; and my bairns were bent on therash joys of youth: so, what by this thing,and what by that thing, they left me to roamin this lone way."CHAR.-" But did you not with your vainlife damp all that you by words made use ofas force to bring them off with you ?"CHR.-" In sooth, I must not say aughtfor my life, as I know full well what blursthere are in it. I know, too, that a man byhis deeds may soon set at naught what bysound speech and wit of words he doth striveto fix on some for their good. Yet this I cansay, I took heed not to give them cause, by a
The Palace Beautfu/l. 8rfalse act, to shirk the step I took, and notset out with me. Yea, for this sole thingthey would tell me I was too nice; and that Iwould not touch of things (for their sakes) inwhich they saw no guile. Nay, I think I maysay that, if what they saw in me did hold themback, it was my great fear lest I should sin inthe face of God, or do wrong to those whomI am bound to love."CHAR.-" In truth, Cain did hate him whocame of the same blood, for that his workswere bad, and Abel's not so; and if thy wifeand bairns have thought ill of thee for this,they show by it that they are foes to good;and thou hast set free thy soul from theirblood."Now I saw in my dream that thus theysat and spoke each to each till the meal waslaid on the board. So in due time they satdown to meat. Now the board was fraughtwith fat things, and of wine free from lees;and all their talk while they ate was of theLord of the hill; as, in sooth, of what he haddone, and why it was he did what he did, andwhy he had built that house: and by what.G
82 The Pilgrim's Progress.they said I saw that he had been a man greatat arms, and had fought with and slain himthat had the sway of death; but not freefrom great risk to his own life; which mademe love him the more.For, as they said, and as I think, saidChristian, he did it with the loss of muchblood. But that which shed bright gleamsof grace on all he did was, that he did it outof pure love to his land. And, more thanthis, there were some of them of the housethat said they had seen and spoke with himsince he did die on the cross; and they vowthat they had it from his own lips, that heloves so much poor wights who take theright way that the like is not to be foundfrom the east to the west.They, in like way, gave prompt proof ofwhat they said, and that was, he had stripthim of his rich robes, that he might do thisfor the poor; and that they heard him say,with stern stress, that he would not dwell inthe Mount of Zion in a lone way. Theysaid, too, that he made a host of poor oneskings, though by the law of their birth they
The Palace Beautiful. 83were born to live on bare alms, and their firststate had been low and bad.Thus they spoke, this one to that one, tilllate at night; and when they had put themin the Lord's care they went to rest. ThePilgrim they laid in a large room at the topof the house, the front of which did face theeast: the name of the room was Peace; wherehe slept till break of day, and then he wokeand sang-"Where am I now? Is this the love and careOf Christ for such as me, so poor and bare !My sins are gone, my heart and soul do rise;I dwell while here just next door to the skies !"So in the morn they all got up; and whenthey had held some more speech, they toldhim that he should not leave till they hadshown him the rare sights of the place. Andfirst they led him to a quiet room, where hewas shown books of great age; in which, asI think of my dream, they did show him, firstthe roll of the race of the Lord of the hill,that he was the Son of the Ancient of Days,and came of a stock not born in time andG2
84 The Pilgrim's Progress.that had no end. Here, too, were set downin full form the acts that he had done, andthe names of a host that he had brought toserve him; and how he had put each in ahouse not made with hands, that nor lengthof days nor wrack of worlds can raze.Then they read to him some of the braveacts that some of those had done: and oncemore, but not in the same part of the rolls ofthe house, where it was shown how theirLord did will to grant his grace to such assought it, though they in time past were wontto scout at him and scoff at his works. Here,too, were a lot more rolls, rife with things offame, of all which Christian had a view: asof things old and new; with that which seershave said, that have come to pass, both to thedread and bale of foes, and the ease and peaceof those who toil in the way.The next day they took him and had himin the place in which arms were kept, wherehe was shown all sorts of things which theirLord had put there for such as he, as sword,shield, casque, plate for breast, All-prayer,and shoes that would not wear out. And there