• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Carlo
 The King of the Castle
 Back Cover
 Spine






Title: Chatterbox stories of natural history
CITATION PAGE TURNER PAGE IMAGE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00023612/00001
 Material Information
Title: Chatterbox stories of natural history
Alternate Title: Stories of natural history
Physical Description: ca. 200 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Worthington, R ( Publisher )
Publisher: R. Worthington
Place of Publication: New York (770 Broadway)
Publication Date: c1880
 Subjects
Subject: Nature stories -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Children's stories   ( lcsh )
Juvenile literature -- 1880   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1880
Genre: Juvenile literature   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York
 Notes
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00023612
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001628404
oclc - 17535942
notis - AHQ3137
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Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Front Matter
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Front Matter
        Page 8
    Title Page
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Carlo
        Page 11
    The King of the Castle
        Page 12
        Page 13
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    Spine
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CHATTERBOX /5TORIES OFNATURAL HISTORY~:... ,..:~,~:-........


VCOPYRIGHT,1880,By R. WORTHINGTON.New York: J. J. Little & Co., Printers,10 to 2S 'stor Place.


CARLO.


THE KING OF THE CASTLE.S the lion is called the king of beasts,so the eagle is called the king of birds;but except that it is bigger, stronger,and swifter than other birds, there doesnot seem much reason for the name. It is a mis-take to attribute noble or mean qualities to ani-mals or birds, or to think they can do good orbad actions, when they can only do what Godhas created them to do, and as their instinctteaches.The most powerful of the eagles is the GoldenEagle, so called because of the rich yellowish-brown bordering to its feathers. It makes itsnest in the clefts of the rocky sides of the moun-tains, and seldom on a tree, unless where onehas sprung up in between the clefts, and thetangled roots make a sort of platform. This theeagles cover with sticks, and here they maketheir house, living in it always, and not onlywhen they lay eggs or have young ones.If there are eaglets in the nest, the food is atonce carried home to them, and the skinning andeating done at home. Eagles are very attentiveto their young, and feed them with great careuntil they are able to take care of themselves.


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ZEBRA AND YOUNGo4RS. ZEBRA, standing with her baby byXl her side, asks proudly of the lookers-on,t "Did you ever see such a likeness?" andcertainly mother and child are very much alike,striped all over their bodies, from head to foot,and from nose to tail, with the same regularmarks of black. Strong and wild by nature, thezebra family are left very much to themselves,which is a source of great happiness to themother and child in the picture before us. "No!no! my baby is not going to become as tame asthe donkey, or to. draw carts and carriages likethe horse; it is to have its freedom, and go justwhere it likes all over these large plains; "-sosays Mrs. Zebra, and she means it too, for ifanybody took the trouble to go all the way tothe hot country of Africa, where Mrs. Zebra isat home, and tried to carry off her baby, theywould find their journey a vain one, and thatshe would kick severely, and perhaps break thelegs of the person bold enough to take awayher darling.


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MRS. BRUIN AND FAMILY.HIS is the American black bear, whois looking so lively and seeminglyinviting the young folks to have aromp, which they will be only toowilling to join in. The black bearis of a timid disposition, and seldomattacks man except in self-defense.The female bear is a most affection-ate mother, and many stories are related show-ing her care and love for her young, and hersorrow and mournful cries when any evil be-falls them. On one occasion a black bearwith her two cubs was pursued across the iceby some armed sailors. At first she urged hercubs to increased speed, but finding her pur-suers gaining upon them, she carried, pushed,and pitched them, alternately, forward, untilshe effected their escape from her pursuers.


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LITTLE OWLS.iB iHO has not at one time or other of hislife read fairy tales and sympathizedwith stories of enchanted princes andprincesses? I once thought of thiswhen a country boy offered me a nest withfour of the young of the Little Owl. I putthem into a large cage, where they could stareat each other and at my pigeons to their hearts'content.Let me say that this little owl is a very use-ful bird, for it keeps mice, bats, beetles, andother creatures in check, which might other-wise multiply too fast. On a spring or sum-mer evening you may hear its plaintive hootamong the apple-blossoms of an archard, or thesheaves of a cornfield. Curiously enough, thissimple sound earned the little bird the nameof being the harbinger of death, and peasantsbelieved that whenever its cry was heardwhere sickness was in the family, the patient-was sure to die.


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AUROCHS.N Aurochs in blind rage, charging throughix thick and thin, has had a fascination forme as long as I can remember. Thetrue aurochs and this, the European Bison,ceased to exist in the British Isles, except inthe Zoological Gardens; but the latter is stillfound wild in Lithuania, and is also carefullypreserved in other parts of Russia, of which theEmperor has a herd. There is much talk abouttheir being untamable-that they will not mixwith tame cattle-that tame cows shrink fromthe aurochs' calves; but does not any cowshrink from any calf not her own ? The Ameri-can Bison, with which you are all pretty fa-miliar, is very similar to the one just men-tioned. There have been several attempts madeto domesticate the American bison, and havebeen so far successful. The size and strengthof the animal make it probable that if domes-ticated, it would be of great use.


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THE KANGAROO.i~vT6: ELL," said little Herbert Joyce, as he/X looked over the books of drawings.. which his cousin had just brought home1 from Australia, "I never saw anythingso extraordinary before in all my life;why here is an animal with three heads, andtwo of them are very low down, and muchsmaller than the others." "What do youmean, Herbert?" asked his cousin, who justthen came into the room. " There are no three-headed animals-let me see the picture. Oh!no wonder you were puzzled; it does look likea queer creature. That is a kangaroo, and thesmall heads belong to her children, whom shecarries about in a bag formed by a hole in herskin, until they are old enough to walk; andthe little things seem very happy there; andsometimes, as their mother moves along overthe grass, you may see them nibbling it."


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THE PEACOCK.^----ROUD bird! I watched thee stalking by,With stately step and slow,As though thou fain would'st charm each eyeWith glittering pomp and show:And truly thou art brave to see,In heaven's hues arrayed,And plainer birds at sight of theeMight shrink and be dismayed:Yet, pampered bird! there still are thoseI value higher far,Albeit their garb nor glints nor glowsWith many a jeweled star.I love them for their gentle ways,Their voices soft and sweetIn summer chorus, that repaysRight well their winter's meat.For what is outward form at bestBut accident of birth ?That form in splendid raiment drestIs still but common earth.And yet 'tis he whose painted plumesShine fairest in the sun,Who haughtiest look of pride assumes,As though by him 'twere done.We smile to see yon bird strut by,Thus proud of his array;But human friends we may espyAs foolish every day.Not beauty's form nor grand attireUpon the wise will tell,But acts of those who e'er aspireTo do their DUTY well.


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FEEDING THE PET.


SWANS.HIS beautiful and majestic bird was con-sidered the bird-royal in England, owingto a law of England that when foundin a partially wild state on the sea and navi-gable rivers it belonged to the crown; but ofcourse it is to be found on the ponds and lakesof many a gentleman's estate, and is alwaysprized as a great ornament to the lake. Theswan is also very valuable in clearing the pondsof weeds, and makes a most effective clearance,as they eat them before they rise to the sur-face. The swan affords a pleasing illustrationof the love of the mother-bird for its young,and has been known to vanquish a fox whomade an attack on its nest-showing that theinstinct of motherhood kindles boldness andbravery in the breast of the most timid animals.The nest is generally made on an islet, andcomposed of reeds and rushes, and when thefive or seven large eggs are hatched, the mothermay be seen swimming about with the youngones on her back.


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THE SEA LION.L T H O U G H such large and powerfulH creatures, these sea lions are innocentand playful. See, one of them hasreared himself up on his hind legs, if legs theymay be called, and is sitting on a chair withhis flappers over the back of the chair. It in-habits the eastern shores of Kamtchatka, andis in some places extremely abundant, andmeasuring about fifteen feet in length. It ismuch addicted to roaring, which, as much asthe mane of the old males, has obtained for itthe name of the Sea Lion. The old males havea fierce appearance, yet they fly in great hasteon the approach of man, but if driven to ex-tremities they will fight desperately; but incaptivity they are capable of being tamed, andbecome very familiar with man. The scientificname of the sea lion is Otary.


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1_ '"THE LION.


A-THE ASS.FORBEAR to vexthe patient Ass,Its heaving sidesto goad,And far and safeits useful back '-Will carry manya load.B-THE BITTERN.IN reedy swamp andlonely marsh,Where all is shade andgloom,. JLThe Bittern stalks, andyou may hear71~ His voice in sullen boom.C-THE CAMEL.THE Camel is aPatient, and slow,and mild;To man a blessingand a boonIn Afric's sandywild.w YrS~"


BADGERS.NE day at the Zoological Gardens, Isaw the group of Badgers as theyare here given. Little do visitors to thegardens take into account how much awild animal goes through till it has got usedto a state of things so opposite to its naturalhabits. Their wants are attended to asmuch as possible, but cannot be alwaysmet; and so we have here a devoted mother,worn out by the demands of her cubs, andvainly anxious to hide herself from daylightand man's gaze. She has long given uptrying to dig or scratch her way out. Allshe can do is to lean against the wall, readyfor a last defence, should anybody comewithin her prison. She dares not curl upinto a ball, like the one cub, and go tosleep; while this little careless imp on herback, happy and trustful, adds to her tired-ness by his weight.


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THE BIRD'S NEST." jER little nest, so soft and warm,Aj 1 rGod teaches her to make it;S I would not dare to do her harm,I would not dare to take it."How curious is the structure of the nest ofthe Bullfinch or Chaffinch! The inside of it islined with cotton and fine silken threads; and theoutside cannot be sufficiently admired, thoughit is composed only of various kinds of fine moss.The color of these mosses, resembling that ofthe bark of the tree in which the nest is built,proves that the bird intended it should not beeasily discovered. In some nests, hair, wool,and rushes are cleverly interwoven. In others,the parts are firmly fastened by a thread, whichthe bird makes of hemp, wool, hair, or, morecommonly, of spiders' webs. Other birds-as,for instance, the blackbird and the lapwing-after they have constructed their nests, plasterthe inside with mortar; they then stick upon it,while quite wet, some wool or moss to givewarmth; but all alike construct their nests soas to add to their security.


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THE CHAMOIS.HE CHAMOIS are indeed high-born,for among the high mountain-peaks,where the eternal snow rests and the Alpineroses bloom, there they make their home!There they spring up over the snowy slopesto those heights to which man cannot climb.They rest upon the glittering ice, the snowdoes not blind them, neither does it cooltheir hot blood. Carelessly they strideacross the snowed-over crevices, and whenthe terrible storms, at which men are soalarmed, hurl down rocks and avalanchesfrom the summits, the Chamois do not fearthem. They find their way safely throughthe thickest mist and darkest clouds.Agile and light-footed, gentle and peaceable,proud and courageous, they lead a happylife among the mountains, as long as mandoes not molest them.


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JACKO WITH PUSSY'S BONE.t'ACKO is a bird called a Macaw, and hasfine feathers-scarlet and yellow andblue. Jacko can talk a little. He says,(I "Come along, Jacko, come along;" andwhen you come, as soon as he thinksc you near enough, he pecks at you withhis great beak. When he is in a good temperhe will say, "Poor, poor!" He will sit uponthe ivy all the morning and talk to himself, andhe will call the gardener, and he will cough as4sneeze, and crow and cackle, in a very funnymanner. If Jacko sees sparrows picking up afew crumbs, he will rush up, sweeping his greatwings along the ground, and take their mealfor himself. If he sees poor Pussy picking abone, he takes great delight in creeping downfrom his ivy, helping himself down with beakand claws, and at a sight of Jacko's approachPussy darts away, leaving the bone in Jacko'spossession. Pussy, of course, does not like this,but stands at a respectable distance, and withcurved back and flashing eyes shows her indig-nation at Jacko. Presently Jacko retires to theivy and Pussy resumes her feast.


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MEMBERS OF THE POACHINGFRATERNITY.MONG the various wild animals whichinhabit the earth, it is difficult' todecide which are really friendly andwhich are really hostile to man's in-terests. The actual fact appears tobe that there is neither hostility norfriendship. If farmers and gardenerskill off too many birds, nature revenges herselfby sending a plague of insects which the smallbirds, if alive, would have eaten. Gamekeepersruthlessly shoot hawks and kites, or snare stoatsand polecats, with the result that their gamegrows up too thick for its feeding ground, sicklyspecimens are allowed to linger on, and a de-structive murrain follows. The rook, no doubt,is fond of eggs; but nevertheless he does thefarmer good service when he devours the grubswhich are turned up by the plow; and as thesalmon disease, which of late has proved so de-structive, is attributed by the best authoritiesto overcrowding, that glossy-coated fisherman,the otter, is really a benefactor to the followersof Izaak Walton's gentle craft.


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NEDDY'S BREAKFAST.


A COW WORKING A PUMP.K Y informant writes me as follows: "Wehave a wonderful cow here aboutten years old, and very clever at openinggates and breaking fences. There is an Abys-sinnian pump about three feet high in the cen-ter of the field, near my house, over a trough,which is, or ought to be, filled daily. It wason a hot day, when my man had omitted topump the trough full, that the cow was firstobserved to help herself: the way in whichshe managed to pump was by pushing the han-dle up with her head and then forcing it downwith her horns. Very little elevation of thehandle is required to get water, and she wouldwork it for five minutes together, and some-times drank from the spout, and sometimesfrom the trough.


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CARRIER PIGEONS.-~ ...PHE carrier pigeon isremarkable for the de-gree in which it pos-sesses the instinct andpower of returning from a distanceto its accustomed home. In Easternc rcountries it is the practice to bathethe pigeon's feet in vinegar to keep them cool,and to prevent it from alighting in quest ofwater, by which the letter might sustain in-jury. Pigeons intended for this use must bebrought from the place to which they are toreturn, within a short period, and must be keptin the'dark and without food for at least eighthours before being let loose. The carrierpigeon was of great service during the siegeof Paris in 1871, and conveyed many impor-tant messages. It goes through the air at therate of thirty miles an hour, but has beenknown to fly even faster.


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./THE GOLDEN EAGLE.THE STORK.THE VIRGINIAN HORNED OWL.


THE WHALE.raw,-THE ELEPHANT.'^,:S ...STHE WHITE RHINOCEROS.\


THE SIASIN, OR ANTELOPE OF INDIA.AC~ HE Siasin, or Antelope of India, roamsq A over the open and rocky plains ofthat immense country. It is distin-~ guished from the rest of its family bythe beauty and singular shape of itshorns, which are annulated or ringed, and spi-rally convoluted or curved together, making twoor more turns, according to the age of the ani-mal. The fakirs and dervishes of India, whoare enjoined by their religion from carryingswords, frequently wear at their girdles thepolished horns of the siasin instead of the usualmilitary arm. This antelope is one of the fleet-est-footed of its family, and its leap is some-thing wonderful. It is not uncommon for it tovault to the height of twelve or thirteen feet,passing over ten or twelve yards at a singlebound. In color it is almost black on the up-per part of the body, and light-colored beneath.When full grown, it is about the size of ourcommon deer.


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THE COMMON SNIPE.KHESE birds frequent swampy woods,marshes, morasses, and the borders ofrivers. Their usual time for seekingtheir food is early in the morning andduring the twilight of the evening.They subsist principally upon insectsand worms; for these they search among thedecayed leaves, and probe the mud and oozewith their lengthened bills. When alarmed, theygenerally lie close to the ground, or among thegrass, or, suddenly starting on theowing, escapeby flight, which is short butA O rapid, andirregular. The eggs, which are fourfin number,are deposited on the ground. In the snipe, andall its immediate allies, the bill is thickened,soft, and very tender at its extremity; so thatthis part, which is richly supplied with nerves,serves as a delicate organ of touch, and is usedfor searching in the soft ground for the insectsand worms that constitute the food of thesebirds.


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iI- -- --- -- I---- <:J-p -7-IP WqlfA VISIT TO THE MONKEYS.


D-THE DOE.GRACEFUL and _Igentle is the Doe; i' 'Its tatennt coat /hOWsleek!How bright yet ten-der are its eyes!Its glance how soft-ly meek IE-THE EAGLE.OXUPOthe lonely moun-The 'a4olq4 builds herS nsest,And there, when weary '"of the chase,i^ Int silence takes herrest.F-THE FOX.THE Fox will skulk ein ferny brake,Yet loves thehaunts of men;A ,dI prowls around D/(9 the far m, to. pounceOn caponoo, gooser -hen..,~jle~DS~i~%Ph~i~-I I


MRS. BUNNY AND FAMILY.T HIS wild Rabbit has been startled bysome noise, and the next moment shemay be scampering away to her bur-row, with the little bunnies, at the top of theirspeed, and crouch there until all is quiet again.Rabbits usually select, if possible, a sandy soilovergrown with furze, in which to make theirburrows, as such a soil is easily removed, andthe dense prickly furze hides their retreat,whilst it affords them a wholesome and never-failing food. These furze bushes are constantlyeaten down, as far as the rabbits can reachstanding on their hind legs, and consequentlypresent the appearance of a solid mass withthe surface even and rounded. These animalsretire into their burrows by day to rest, andcome out only in the twilight to obtain food.


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THE LYNX.I-S iHE body of the lynx, beautifully spottedwith black and brown rings, is more solidand hardy than that of the wild cat. Hisears are longer, his tail is shorter, his great eyeslight up like bright flames; and since he prowlsabout chiefly at night, he is thought to havevery keen sight. For this reason, when we wishto say that a person can see very clearly or canlook beyond the outward appearance of things,we call him lynx-eyed. Like all cats, the lynxpossesses in his mustache a very correct powerof feeling. This, with the sense of hearing andsight, guides him in all his expeditions.The lynx in the picture is in the act of spring-ing upon a timid hare. Although he can meas-ure twenty paces in a jump, I think for once hehas made a misstep, and the dear little creaturewith one more bound will be safe. One veryremarkable fact about these animals is this: ifthere are several together, and one starts overthe snow in pursuit of booty, all the others willfollow in exactly the same tracks, so that it willlook as if but one lynx had passed over thesnow-covered earth.


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GOOD MORNING, BIRDIE!


THE SWAN AND THE DRAKE.LOWLY, in majestic silence,Sailed a Swan upon a lake;Round about him, never quiet,Swam a noisy quacking Drake." Swan," exclaimed the latter, halting,"I can scarcely comprehendWhy I never hear you talking:Are you really dumb, my friend?"Said the Swan, by way of answer:"I have wondered, when you makeSuch a shocking, senseless clatter,Whether you are deaf, Sir Drake!"Better, like the Swan, remain inSilence grave and dignified,Than keep, drake-like, ever prating,While your listeners deride.W. R. E.


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THE BEAVER.HIS industrious animal is generallyfound in Canada and the northernportions of the United States, where itmakes its home on the banks of therivers and lakes. Here they assemblein hundreds to assist each other in the con-struction of their dams, and in the building oftheir houses, which are put together with aconsiderable amount of engineering skill. Thematerials used in building the dams are wood,stones, and mud, which they collect themselvesfor that purpose, and after finishing the dam,or.winter storehouse, they collect their^toresfor the winter's use, and then make a connec-tion with their houses in the banks. Theirskins are valuable in making fine hats, andtheir flesh is much relished by the hunters.The beaver is an interesting animal in manyrespects, and the expression "busy as a bea-ver" is borne out by its habits.


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I.THE TURTLE-V.THE TURTLE-DOVE.THE CUCKOO.THIE FEACIOCKt~THE TAME, OR MUTE SWAN.


THE LIONESS AND CUBS.- am.I.~ ;--A-THE LEOPARD.THE JACKAL.


LIONESS AND CUBS.I H: E lioness is much smaller than the lion,and her form is more slender and grace-ful. She is devoid of the mane of herlord and master, and has four or five cubs ata birth, which are all born blind. The younglions are at first obscurely striped and spotted.They mew like cats, and are -as playful as kit-tens. As they get older, the uniform color isgradually assumed. The mane appears in themales at the end of ten or twelve months, andat the age of eighteen months it is very con-siderably developed, and they begin to roar.Both in nature and in a state of captivity thelioness is very savage as soon as she becomesa mother, and the lion himself is then most tobe dreaded, as he will then brave almost anyrisk for the sake of his lioness and family.


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A PET JACK.IE HE first fish I ever saw in an aquarium,twenty years ago, was a "Jack," ashe is called when young, or a "Pike,"when he grows older; and ever since then Ihave contrived to have a pet one, and this,drawn from life by Mr. Harrison Weir, is anaccurate portrait of the one I now possessin the Crystal Palace Aquarium. There heis, just as he steals round the corner of abit of rock. He is glaring at a minnow, atwhich he is taking most accurate aim; hehardly seems to move, but yet he does by avery trifling motion of the edge of his backfin-sometimes resting a little on the tipsof his two foremost fins, as they touch theground, carefully calculating his distance;and then, at the very moment when theminnow has got into a position which leavesa space of clear water in front, so that Mr.Jack shall not hurt his nose against any hardsubstance when he gets carried on by theviolence of his rush, he darts at the minnowwith the speed of Shakspeare's Puck:-"I go, I go! look, how I go!Swifter than arrow from the Tartar's bow."


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THE SWALLOW'S NEST.FTEN in former years the twitter of thebirds glittering in the morning sun wasthe first sound that met my ear during thewakeful hours which frequently accompanyillness after the worst crisis has passed, andyou are recovering by degrees. The guttersran beneath my bedroom windows, and I couldsee the steel-blue backs of the swallows asthey sat on the rims of the gutter, twistingtheir little heads, opening their yellow-linedbeaks, singing to their hearts' content. Wholefamilies would perch there together, or theyoung would rest in rows of four or five, ac-cording to the nest-broods of each. Howdelightful to see them fed by their agile pa-rents! how tantalizing to have them almostwithin reach of my hands, yet not to be ableto catch them or give them a kiss, as theywould cower in my hollow hands if I onlycould have got them in there!


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THE BRAVE DOG OF ST. BERNARD.(1 HERE the St. Bernard Pass climbs up1 Amid the Alpine snows,<o The far-famed Hospice crowns the heightsWith shelter and repose.Its inmates, with their faithful dogs,Are truly friends in needWhen snowdrifts block the traveler's way,And blinding storms mislead.Brave " Barry," once, far down the trackThat crossed a glacier steep,Found buried deep beneath the snowA poor boy, fast asleep.He licked the cold, numb hands and faceTo warmth and life once more,And bore him safely on his backUp to the Hospice door.


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C N \i~ _\A \\--~~:~ ,/,' "-/,-/, 'COME TO ME!.Jj i-COME TO ME!


G-THE GIRAFFE.FULL seventeen feetthe Giraffe tallMeasures "from top! to toe,"And with his neck out-stretched can reach@ 1 The branch that bend-eth low.H-THE HYENA.C(k9/ ~INT Asia and in AfricaThe fierce Hyenasprowl~'And oft at night thetraveler starts. ~y To hear their savagehowl.I-THE ICHNEUMON.A -OE to birds andrats and mice,See the Ichneumonglidee !|Oft, too, on reptilesor their eggsIts hungry teethare tried.


MOTHER-DEER AND BABY.OMETHING has startled them, asthey fed securely enough, one wouldthink, on the grass at the foot of the rocks;and if we could only get a little nearer, thisis what we should hear the mother-deersaying to her baby: "My child, I am surethere is danger about; look out and tell meif you see the slightest movement on thehill yonder, or if I see it first, I will give youthe signal, and you must follow me, and runfor your very life." And the baby, withcocked ears and glistening eyes, promises todo as it is told. But after all it will probablyprove a false alarm, for this is not the timeof year for deerstalking; and I dare say thenoise they heard was made by a party ofpeople coming up the valley below to seethe waterfall, which is famous in theneighborhood.


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WHOOPING CRANE.: ':HE Whooping Crane is much larger thanthe common crane, which it otherwisemuch resembles except in color; its plu-mage, in its adult state, is pure white, the tipsof the wings black. He spends the winter inthe southern parts of North America, and insummer migrates far northwards. The cranefeeds on roots, seeds, etc., as well as on rep-tiles, worms, insects, and on some of the smallerquadrupeds. They journey in flocks from fiftyto a hundred, and rise to an immense height inthe air, uttering their loud harsh cries, and oc-casionally alighting to seek food in fields ormarshes; and when they descend on a fieldthey do sad havoc to the crops, several doingsentinel duty while the majority are feeding.In general it is a very peaceful bird, both inits own society and those of the forest.


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, 'I I NTHE RAVEN.THE ING-DOVE.THE RING-DOVE.KM\i.THE HOOPOE.THE COCK.


i1tlJTHE IBEX, OR ROCK GOAT.DEER.SAiA'A*a


THE ELK.HIS is the largest existing species of thedeer family, and is a native of the north-ern parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. It growsto be six feet high and twelve hundred poundsin weight. They are very rare in Europe andthis country, but at one time they extended asfar south as the Ohio River. They love thewoods and marshy places, and live off of thebranches of trees, being unable to eat grass un-less they get upon their knees. They are verytimid, and not easily approached by the hunter,but should a dog come in the way, one strokefrom an elk's foot will kill it. Many of theparents of our little friends in Maine and Can-ada are, no doubt, familiar with the elk andits habits.


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TOYS FOR ANIMALS.HE " Daily News " says: " Our readers haveoften doubtless observed appeals in thepapers for toys for sick children. We hearthat a naturalist who feels much for animals isstruck with the cruelty of leaving the creaturesat the 'Zoo' without anything to play with.This gentleman had in his possession a youngotter, for whom he made a wooden ball, to theextreme delight of his pet, who used to diverthis simple instinct with it for whole hours at astretch. Following up the idea, the same gen-tleman presented the elephants and rhinoce-.roses in the Zoological Gardens with globesfor diversion suited to their sizes, but it seemsthe elephants took to playing ball so furiously,that 'there was danger of their houses beingswept down altogether; so they were forbid-den to use them indoors.' The polar bear wasgiven a toy which, we are told,-' amuses himimmensely.'"


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THE SUCKING- PIG.ICHE other day our children came homedelighted at having seen a little pigdrinking out of a bottle, just like ababy. I went to see it, and I was introducedto its owner, who lived in a cottage, theprincipal room of which was painted lightblue. A good-natured old woman was therewith her two orphan grand-children. Thered tiles of the cottage floor were enlivenedby a gray-and-white cat, and a shiny-skinned little pig, of about a month old,which was fed out of a feeding-bottle. Thiswas the hero of the place.The little pig is grateful for good treat-ment, and as capable of attachment as ahorse or a dog. The pig is intelligent, andit can be taught tricks. Performing pigs areoften the attractions of country fairs. Ihave seen pigs in the poor neighborhoods ofLondon follow their masters through noisystreets, and into busy public-houses, where'they laid down at their masters' feet like adog.


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BELL-RINGERS._ IHEN a child, my father took me to seesome feats performed by some travel-ing cats. They were called "the bell-ringers," and were respectively namedJet, Blanche, Tom, Mop, and Tib.Five bells were hung at regular intervals ona round hoop erected on a sort of stage. A ropewas attached to each bell after the manner ofchurch bells. At a given signal from their mas-ter, they all sprang to their feet, and at a sec-ond signal, each advanced to the ropes, and,standing on their hind feet, stuck their frontclaws firmly into the ropes, which were in thatpart covered with worsted, or something of thekind, so as to give the claws a firmer hold. Therewas a moment's pause-then No. 1 pulled his orher rope, and so sounded the largest bell; No. 2followed, then No. 3, and so on, till a regularpeal was rung with almost as much precisionand spirit as though it were human hands in-stead of cats' claws that effected it.


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THE GUINEA-PIG.if THE Guinea-pig is a native of SouthAmerica, and is remarkable for thebeauty and variety of its colors, andthe neatness of its appearance. Theselittle pets are very careful in keeping them-selves and their offspring neat and tidy, andmay be frequently seen smoothing and dressingtheir fur, somewhat in the manner of a cat.After having smoothed and dressed each other'sfur, both turn their attention to their young,from whose coats they remove the smallestspeck of dirt, at the same time trying to keeptheir hair smooth and unruffled. The Guinea-pig feeds on bread, grain, fruit, vegetables, tealeaves, and especially garden parsley,-to whichit is very partial. It generally gives birth toseven and eight young at a time, and theyvery soon are able to take care of themselves.k.~~~~~~Sd


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II IAITHFUL FRIENDS. tFAITHFUL FRIENDS.I


J-THE JAY.a IIJ METHINKS the Jay'sa noisy bird,Yet now with crim-son breast,Silent and fond, shezvuwatches o'erThe treasures of hernest. ... .K-THE KANGAROO.THE timid Kangaroo fre-quentsThe wild Australianbrakes;With long hind-legs andfore-legs shortTremendous leaps hetakes.L-THE LION.WITH tawny hideand flowing mane,And loud-resound-ing roar,Of animals the Lion'sking,And all bow downbefore.


WAITING.-- AITING for master to come down the stair,Arie "Noble" and "Floss," and his favor-ite mare-"Brenda" the gentle, with skin soft and gray,Waiting the signal, " Now off and away."Noble stands holding the whip and the rein,His gaze fixed on Brenda, who tosses her mane;While dear little Floss sits quietly by,Winking and blinking her liquid brown eye.Master's so kind to them-nothing to fearHave horse or dogs when his footsteps they hear;Look how they're waiting with eagerness there,Ready to go with him everywhere.And what a pleasure it is when these threeThere on the staircase their kind master see;Now he is mounted, the waiting is o'er-Floss, Brenda, and Noble race off from the door.


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"'1K\THE BABOON.THE ORANG-OUTAN.THE BARBARY APE.THE MARIMONDA.4


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