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I\\A( IIIX WAS BORN in the year 1632, in York.- My father, havinggained a handsome fortune by honest trade, gave me a goodeducation, and when I grew old, enough, wished me to devote my-self to some profession, but my mind was set ona sea-faring life; andat length, having run away from home, I set sail in a ship bound forLondon. But after many perils, our ship was wrecked in te Yar-mouth Roads.I then travelled on foot to London, where I met with a Guineatrader, whom I agreed to join in his speculations and voyages. Atfirst, we were very successful; but in my second expedition we werechased by a Moorish rover, captured, and taken prisoners to Sallee.1j4
Hence, however, 1 managed to escape in a fishing-boat, and was happyenough to hail a Portugese vessel, whose captain kindly took me in.I was, however, soon persuaded to make another voyage to theAfrican coast, in search of negroes. Another shipwreck was, alas!to be my lot: a violent hurricane arose, the ship struck on a rock, andthrowing a boat over the ship's side, the crew got into her, hoping toescape. But the rolling waves soon overturned the boat, and wewere all separated in the sea: as for me, I was carried by a wave to-wards, the shore, and at length, left upon the land, more dead thanalive. When I recovered, I found myself quite alone, on what ap-peared to be a desert island; a sense of loneliness, mingled with2
3gratitude for my preservation, came over me, and kneeling down, Ithanked God for His mercy in saving my life, and implored Him tohelp and support me for the time to come; then I set myself with alldue diligence to secure all I could for my comfort and safety. Beingalmost consumed by intense thirst, I first went in search of somewater; I then climbed up into a tree, where I slept soundly untilmorning. On awaking, I saw that the tide had so far gone down asto let me come within a quarter of a mile of the ship; so being a goodswimmer, and anxious to possess myself of all the useful articles Icould, I swam to the vessel, and got into her. I was thankful to findthe provisions were dry; and being very hungry, I filled my pocketswith biscuits, which I ate, as I went about doing other things.Having found some spare planks, I made a raft, which I loaded withbread, some hatchets, bags of nails, several cases of cordials, a car-penter's chest, worth more to me than a cargo of gold, two good fow-ling pieces, two pistols, some powder-horns, two barrels of powder,some bullets, and two rusty swords; with these precious treasures Iput to sea, and safely reached the island, where I secured my raft ina bay to a broken oar stuck in the ground, and then got my cargosafely on land. I now made a kind of hut of sea chests and planks,and laying my guns and pistols near me, went to sleep.Day after day I returned to the vessel, each time bringing some-thing away with. me. The last and eleventh voyage I made, wassuddenly cut short; for the wind began to rise, so that I had not timeto make a raft, but was obliged to swim to the shore for my lifeThe next morning the wreck was not to be seen, and thankful f.,what I had saved from her, I set about constructing a dwelling. Hav-ing found a convenient spot where there was fresh water, securityfrom man and beast, and shelter from the weather,-namely, a sort ofhollow place before a cave, I proceeded in the following manner: Ifirst drew a half circle before the hollow place, and in it I placed tworows of strong stakes firmly into the ground; they stood about fiveand a half feet high, and were sharpened at the top; these I so thick-ly interwove with some pieces of cable which I had brought from theship, that an impenetrable wall was formed. The entrance was at thetop, by a short ladder, which I lifted in after me. Into this enclosureI carried all my stores, and made a large tent to secure myself andthem from the weather. Meantime, I daily made excursions in theisland, always with my gun: I found plenty of wild goats and pigeonswhich I managed to shoot.
I was hot entirely without companions, for though I had no humanfriend, yet I had saved from the wreck two cats and a dog, the last ofwhich was of the greatest use to. me, in many ways. In one of myrambles I caught a parrot, which I taught to speak, and which affordedme much pleasure.After I had been about ten days on shore, a fear lest I should ceaseto be able to tell the Su adays from the other days, caused me to in-vent a reckoning of my own. Having set up a wooden post, I cutupon it these words, " I c AE ON SHORE HERE, the 30th of SEPTEMBER,1659;" and every day added a fresh notch; every seventh notch Imade as long again as the others. I must not forget to mewntior that4
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did;~~~~~~Aj..,..-'Ij.,,.S <.ve ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ,:j ~-Ai ;; ,, a WiriEHE-Iowegn 6m ofreand rice, forf .. _1 1} .i 1Jlgodtc LA to y tckaud a Paijr of olen-iqd r hitl iddle of., my ileg,,, 1, in_. th e _i _n..t_ l ihadakindofslipper, _ae als of wr a0Mrn girdleoIuIdm aist, and a biet row myon whim tcaZV d !S! yw _~1 rx_--I'"~s1*^riaset. iOn oie side of my girdle I h and onIi taIe under m ard husngfidih two myiid stot it wyshl and er l a ni aidovr _i ohe sunIOne da, feeinga aotrave dsetoutbiaboiitnahe R sofa, if_..i r -e.E~I,de backe hut th other twoiifiowv_ e__.,Wte. bekoe to him to stop, and gongtoarshi eethe other was amin hi arro at. me ..._I sho him dead Th por .som ra >isins,- and a d raughtof water "r X. c,1 ILcafte .,I0lr wl .1kh:2r mgIsl xe1aused himg crto ll~ onadg osepauu~"0:,1W nI; ::'e11 -r0 i ji gM _i <iiii iiowacopnin adb degree tagh himi cneseme he lwas a41l vrapshoa, and soo learne to. _rno.cl~i vdhis life gave hiim clothes in agxbmt
naster. Son my man Friday became very useful to me, and coulddo anything. .Many years did this faithful servant and myself remain on this desertin btat 1t length Friday, who I had sent to the sea shore, for al, cae mrunting back to me in great terror, telling me, as wel ashe could, tWit ll jead seen some canoes and sone"ri.soners. We tookou uskets, and having fired at the cannibls, killed three andew nded fitv e after whiie the rest sfoad in two canoes. We hast-ened to- the canoe they baudleft, where we flound a poor old c mtan,til hand and foot ready to be killed Friday fell upon the poor man,and having lgd and lkissed him, he expaned to me that it as h: '" w " ''" "
: Iown dear father. The old man told us that the savages had taken himfrom a ship, which lay at anchor near an adjoining island, on boardwhich he had been, and was just leaving, when they came. We soonagreed that Friday and his father should go in the canoe to the ship,and implore the captain to come round to me. Anxiously I waiteduntil I saw the vessel bearing down; but what was my joy on discov-ering the captain was an Englishman? The tale is soon told-I arranged with the captain for a passage to England for myself, my manFriday, and his father; and after a fine passage, arrived in this happycountry. I left the island on the 19th of December, 1687, having beenupon it twenty-eight years, two months, and nineteen days.i L..
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