• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Preface
 Table of Contents
 The Nigeria national anthem : Nigeria...
 General survey of the governme...
 Federal government
 Regional and military governme...
 Summary
 Dates in Nigerian crisis from the...
 The total surrender and the supreme...
 Federal government cabinet
 East - central state
 Lagos state
 North - eastern state
 Western state
 Mid - western state
 Kano state
 Rivers state
 North - western state
 Benue plateau state
 South - eastern state
 Kwara state
 North central state
 Northern states
 10th independence anniversary Gen....
 Back Cover






Group Title: From the start to surrender : the story and records of Nigerian Civil War for unity : including current affairs of the twelve states cabinet
Title: From the start to surrender
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00023272/00001
 Material Information
Title: From the start to surrender the story and records of Nigerian Civil War for unity : including current affairs of the twelve states cabinet
Alternate Title: Story & records of Nigerian Civil War for unity, 1966-1970 including current affairs of the twelve states cabinet
Story and records of Nigerian Civil War for unity
Physical Description: 52 p. : port. ; 20 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Mbah, A. N
Publisher: Appolos Bros Press
Place of Publication: Onitsha
Publication Date: 1971
 Subjects
Subject: Politics and government -- Nigeria -- 1960-1975   ( lcsh )
History -- Nigeria -- Civil War, 1967-1970   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: <A.N. Mba<h>>
General Note: "... contents of this book are mainly reports and publications from magazines and daily news papers. The author had not added any word of his own whatsover."--T.p. verso.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00023272
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: African Studies Collections in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001727950
oclc - 40536360
notis - AJE0516

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Preface
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
    The Nigeria national anthem : Nigeria we hail thee
        Page 4
    General survey of the government
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Federal government
        Page 7
    Regional and military government
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Summary
        Page 10
    Dates in Nigerian crisis from the 15th of Januray 1966
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
    The total surrender and the supreme military council comprised
        Page 31
    Federal government cabinet
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
    East - central state
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
    Lagos state
        Page 38
    North - eastern state
        Page 39
        Page 40
    Western state
        Page 41
    Mid - western state
        Page 42
    Kano state
        Page 43
    Rivers state
        Page 44
    North - western state
        Page 45
    Benue plateau state
        Page 46
    South - eastern state
        Page 47
    Kwara state
        Page 48
    North central state
        Page 49
    Northern states
        Page 50
    10th independence anniversary Gen. Gowon's broadcast to the nation
        Page 51
        Page 52
    Back Cover
        Page 54
Full Text



G000@800G000000000000000000G
lTHE STORY & RECORDS
(q OF NIGERIAN CIVIL WAR FOR UNITY.
1966 1970
Including Current Affairs of the <&
TWELVE STATES CABINET
ED* t


















G* 00
StS EXCELLECY MAJOR XMhRA YAKUeP.
"sod of the Fedtw M&Wy QwwC
MAJOR GENERAL YAKUBU GOWON
Head of State and Commander in Chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces.
.esmeemse se ee
000 GOGO 0000000 s000s










FROM THE START TO

SURRENDER

THE STORY AND RECORDS OF NIGERIAN
CIVIL WAR FOR UNITY
Including Current Affairs of the Twelve States Cabinet.

;W-


HIS fXCIFLLUCY MAJOP elNEIRAL YVA
mtld :5f 'tie Fedilol PAdiMy rio.Tnwn,
An-Wd fortra


MAJOR GENERAL YAKUBU GOWON
Head of State and Commander in Chief of the Nigerian Armedforces.


~b. AL









PREFACE



May I inform readers that the contents of this
book are mainly reports and publications from
Magazines and Daily news papers. The author had
not added any word of his own whatsoever.

The Book Serves as current Affairs and Diary
of events of the war.

Many people are anxious to read about the
records of the war and the growing Youths would
not like to miss this History of their great Country
when Major General Gowon led them to the
promised land of Peace and Unity.

The war had Interpretated to us the acutal meaning
of United we Stand and Ddvided we Fall.


Long Live Nigeria

Long Live Gen. Gowon.


A. N. MBA.
Author Life Story of Zik.



First Published July 1971.


Appolos Bros Press
18 Modebe Avenue,
ONITSHA NIGERIA.


'-rS

-X 9Y '' <"








CONTENTS


General survey of Government 5
Federal Government 7
Regional 8
Military 8
Summary 1963-1966 10
Dates in Nigerian Crisis 15th January 1966 11
Meeting of the Supreme Military Council
in Accra 1967 11
January 3, 1968 New Nigeria Currency Notes 18
January 16, 1969 Awolowo led delegation to
Commonwealth Prime Minister's Conference
in London 23
January 11th 1970 Ojukwu escaped from Rebel
enclave
January 12th Rebel forces Surrendered.
The Total surrender 31
The Supreme Military Council comprised 31
Federal Government Cabinet 32
East Central State 35
Lagos State 38
North Eastern State 39
Western State 41
Mid Western State 42
Kano State 43
Rivers State -- 44
North Western State 45
Benue plateau State 46
South Eastern State 47
Kwara State 48
North Central State 49
Northern States 50
10th Independence Anniversary Gen. Gowon's
Broad cast to the Nation 51


PAGE












THE NIGERIA NATIONAL ANTHEM:

NIGERIA WE HAIL THEE

Nigeria, we hail thee;
Our own dear native land;
Though tribe and tongue may differ
In brotherhood we stand;
Nigerians all, and proud to serve
Our Sovereign Motherland.

'Our Flag shall be a symbol
That truth and justice reign;
In peace or battle honoured
And this we count as gain,
-To hand on to our children
A banner without stain.

"O God of all creation,
Hear this our one request;
Help us to build a Nation
Where no man is oppressed:
And so with peace and plenty,
Nigeria may be blessed."








THE REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA


General Survey of the Government

The provisions of a written constitution under
which Nigeria gained her independence provided
for a Federal system of Government, a Governor
General, a Federal Parliament and three Regional
Governments. When Nigeria became a Republic
in October 1, 1963, the Governor General was
replaced by a President, elected for a five year
term through an electoral college of members of the
Senate and House of Representatives.

The had been a number of different constitutions
in Nigeria since Lagos was first occupied in 1861,
but it was not until che Niger Coast protectorate
came into being in 1893 that there was any real
Government.
The Royal Niger Company, which took over the
administration of the Niger and Benue valleys was
superceded in 1900 by the protectorate of Northern
Nigeria, and at the same time the protectorate
of Southern Nigeria took the place of the Niger
Coast protectorate. In 1906 the Colony and prot-
ectorate of Lagos became part of Southern Nigeria. In
1914, the Northern and Southern Protectorate were
amalgamated and Lord Lugard became the first
Governor General of Nigeria. From then until 1922
there was a Nigeria Council and a Lagos Legislative
Council, these were merged in the Legislative council
of 1923, and separate town Council was set up
for Lagos.
The legislative Council did not legislate Northern
provinces until a new constitution was introduced
in 1946, whicn provided for a central legislature
for the whole of Nigeria and three Regional Houses
of Assembly one for each group of provinces, having
advisory powers only in re g a r d to impending
legislation.


5








The next constitution, which came into effect in
1952, afforded increased regional autonomy and
extended to Nigerian a fuller share in shaping policy
and in the direction of executive Government action.
The desire for greater Regional autonomy and
the need for a more precise definition of functions
as between the centre and the Regions made it
apparent that yet another constitution was required
and conferences were held in London in 1953 and
in Lagos in 1954 under the Chairmanship of the
secretary of state for the colonies.
As a result of these conferences a new constitution
which is the basis of the present one came into
force on-the 1st October 1954, Nigeria became
a Federation consisting of five component parts;
the Northern, Eastern, and Western Regions, the
Federal territory of Lagos and quasi-Federal ter-
ritory of the Southern Cameroons now part of the
Republic of Cameroons.
At a further conference held in London In 1957,
arrangements were completed to enable the Western
and Eastern Regions to become self governing
later in the same year. It was also then decided
that a Second chamber to be known as the House of
Chiefs should be set up in the Eastern Region
(the legislatures in the North and West were already
bicameral) and that after the disolution of the House
of Representatives towards the end of 1959, there
should be two legislative houses of the Fede-
ration, the House of Representatives was to be
enlarged to consist of three hundred and twenty
members elected on the basis of one member for
approximately each hundred thousand of the
population.
In September and October 1958, the constitutional
conference resumed once more in London where
it was agreed that the Northern Region should
become self- governing in March, 1959 Her Magesty's
Government also agreed that if a resolution was
passed by the new Federal parliament early in
1960 asking for independent. Her Majesty's
6








Government would agree to that resolution and
would introduce a bill to enable the Country become
independent on the 1st O ctober, 1960.
Elections to the new House of Representatives
were held in December 1959. At the first meeting
of the Federal Legislature in January, 1960, both
Houses unanimously passed the resolution calling
for independence referred to above. Her majesty's
Government in pursuance of the undertaking
previously given, introduced the required Bill in
Parliament. The Nigerian (Constitution) Order in
council, 1960, was passed on the 12th September,
1960, and Nigeria became an independent and
soverign nation with effect from that date.
Under the 1960 constitutions, upheld in the
Republican constitution, there was an "exclusive
list" whereby the Federal Government retain sole
power in a number of fields inculding external
affairs, Aviation, Banks, cencus maritime shipping,
mines and mineral, Defence, Post Telegrams, trunk
roads and railways; and a "Concurrent list" of
matters falling within the provinces of both the
Federal and Regional Governments All other subjects
were the sole responsibility of Regional Govern-
ments. Federal Law was superior in case of dispute.

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.
Under this constitution the Government consisted
of a council of ministers presidred over by the Prime
Minister, a Senate or Upper House, and House of
Representatives.
Executive powers were vested in the council of
ministers and legislative powers in the senate and
the House.
The Prime Minister was appointed by the President
as being the person most likely to command the
support of the majority of the members of the
House of Representatives.


7








The council of ministers, over which the Prime
minister presided, comprised members nominated
by him from the senate or the House of
Representatives.

The senate or Upper House consisted 13 members
from each Region, 4 special members, 4 members
from the Federal territory of Lagos and those
members of the council of ministers who were
members of the House of Representatives.

The House of Representatives comprised 312
members elected from single member constituencies
by simple majority vote on the basis of universal
adult sufferage execpt in the northern Region where
only adult males were enfrancised. The 312 con-
stituencies were (1964) distributed as follows: North
167, East 70, West 57, Mid West 14, and Lagos 4.


REGIONAL GOVERNMENT
The Regions had similar constitutions, each with
a Governor, and with executive power in the hands
of an executive council presided over by a Premier
and legislative power vested in a House of Chiefs,
or Upper House and a House of Assembly.


MILITARY GOVERNMENT

On 16th January, 1966 the Armed Forces, following
a coup d'etat, suspended the office of President, the
Prime minister and parliament and
vested legislative and executive powers in the


8








Federal Military Government comprising a Supreme
Military Council and a Federal Executive council. The
Federal Military Government decreed the setting
up of a Military Government in each of the Regions,
which were responsible to the Federal Military
Government.
This decree also suspended the offices of Regional
Governors, premiers, and Executive council but
provided, in general, for the continuance in office
of the Judiciary, the civil service, the Nigerian
Police Force and the special constabulary, Iccal
Government and Native Authority police were placed
under control of the Inspector General of police.
The Council of ministers was also suspended on
16th January, but the ministries somewhat reorga-
nised continued to function under their respective
permanent secretaries.
Following the January 1966 coup, the late Major-
General Johnscn Aguiyi Ironsi assumed command
as Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of
Nigeria. He was succeed, on August 1, 1967 by
Major-General Yakubu Gowon.
On 17th March, 1967, the Government issued the
constitution (Suppression and Modification) Decree
1967. This decree replaced former constitutional
Decree which had been in force since promulgation,
17th January, 1966 and provided for the vesting
of all legislative and executive powers in a Supreme
Military Council. It also provided for the abolition
of the p.st of Supreme Commander of the Armed
Forces and re-styling of the Head of the 'Federal
Military Government as Chairman of the Supreme
Military Council.
On 27th May, the Supreme Military Council
issued a decree which created 12 States out of the four
the existing Regions.
Three days later, on May 31st, 1967, Emeka Ojukwu
announced that the territory comprising the former
Eastern Region had decided to secede from the Feder-
ation. He named his dream empire "Biafra".
9








As a result of this event, civil war broke out.
After 30 agonising months the battle for unity
was won on 12 January, 1970. Ojukwu flew to Ivory
Coast and the leaders of the former secessionist
regime called a halt to the fighting and agreed to
renounce secession and accept the new 12-States
structure of the Country.
SUMMARY
In the first Republic (1963-1966), the President
was Head of the State, and parliament comprised
the Presidency, the Senate, (Upper House) and the
House of Representatives (Lower House).

Executive power was vested in the Prime Minister
and his Cabinet-all of whom were members of, and res-
ponsible to parliament. Each of the four Regions had
a bicameral legislature: a House of Chiefs (Upper-
House) and a House of Assembly (Lower House).
The premiers were the Chief Ex e c u ti v e s in the
Regions, while Regional Governors were the cere-
monial Heads.
In the second Republic, the administration is
vested in the Federal Military Government
consisting of the following two Major organs: (i)
The Supreme Military Council and (ii) The Federal
Executive Council consisting of both Armed Forces
Personnel and civilians. The Head of the Federal
Military Government and commander in-Chief of
the Armed Forces, Major General Yakubu Gowcn
is the chairman of both council 1s while Chief
Obafemi Awolowo is the Vice-Chairman of the
Federal Executive Council.

Civilian members of the council are allocated
departmental responsibilities:


10








DATES IN NIGERIAN CRISIS


15th January: Military coup led by five Ibo army
Majors: Prime Minister, Finance Minister and two
Premiers assassinated together with majority of
senior officers of Northern origin.
16th January: Cabinet hands over power to Major-
General J. T. U. Aguiyi Ironsi who forms a Mili-
tary Government, Ojukwu becoming the governor
of the Eastern Region!
24th May: Decree establishing unitary states, followed
by riots in the North.
29th July: Northern N. C. O.'s led mutiny in the
army. Many Ibo Army Officers and soldiers killed
majority flee to the "Easterli Region."
Major General Yakubu Gowon emrges to succeed
Ironsi, who was assassinated. The Second military
administration formed, still inculding Ojukwu as
Governor, "Eastern Region."
1st August: Gowon assumes office as Head of the
Federal military Government and the Commander
in Chief of the Armed forces.
Late September and Early October: Rioting and
massacres in the North Many thousands of Ibos
flee to the "Eastern Region" during May-July).
1967
4th January: Meeting of the supreme M i 1 i-t a r y
Council in Accra, the first time Major-General
Gowon and Ojukwu met face to face since the
July 29 armd revolt in Nigeria. Those at the meeting
inculded Gowon, Adebayo, Ojukwu, Ejoor, Katsina,
Wey, Johnson, Kam Selem and Omo-Bare.

4th January: Supreme Military Council meeting in
Accra ended after reaching an agreement.


11


1966








January 14; Major-Generai Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi's
and Lt.-Col. Adekunle Fajuyi's death announced
by the federal military government on the eve of the
first anniversary of the first military take over.
Names of senior Military Officers and leading
citziens who lost their lives during the July mutiny
were announced

-January 20: The remains of Major:-G e n e r a
Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, former Head of the Federal
Military Government buried with full military
honours.

January 28: Lt.-Col. Adekunle Fajuyi, the first
Governor of the West, buried at Ado-Ekiti, with
full military honours.

March 2: Federal Military Government released the
full report of the two day top-level meeting of
Nigeria's military rulers held at Aburi in Ghana.

March 5: Major General Yakubu Gowon, Head
of the Federal Military Government and Ojukwu
flew to Accra for secret talks.

March 9: Another meeting of the Supreme Military
Council, the first to be held since the Aburi
Summit, began at the Nigerian Institute fcr cil
palm Research at Isiuwa village near Benin All
the members were present except Ojukwu.

March 10: 41 of the soliders detained folicwing
January 15, 1966 Army mutiny, were released
from state detention.


12








March 30: The 'Eastern Nigeria Go ve r n m e n t,
directed that all revenues collected in the Region
on behalf of the Federal Government should be
paid to the 'Eastern Nigeria Government.' This
followed disagreement over Aburi decisions and their
implementation.
Apr1l 15; The Eastern Nigeria Marketing Board
asked the Nigerian produce Marketing Company based
in Lagos to stop marketing produce from the region'.
April 25: A Nigerian aircraft, bound for Lagos
from Benin was diverted from its scheduled route
and forced to land in Enugu. Chief Obafemi
Awolowo leader of the Western Nigeria delegation
to Ad-Hoc Committee on the Nigerian Constit-
ution announced his resignation from the Committee.
April 29: The Federal Military Government
announced the suspension of all postal and money
order transactions between the 'Eastern Region'
and the rest of the Federation and between the
'regions' and other postal administration.
May 2: The Western Nigeria leaders of taught
decided that until every Soldier of non-Western
Nigeria orgin shall have been removed from the
West and Lagos, the 'region should not be
represented at the Ad-Hoc Committee on Con-
stitutional review.
May 4: A peace committee of 10 prominent
Nigerians held a top-level meeting in Lagos in a
renewed effort to find a solution to the Nigerian
crisis.
May 6: Chief Obafemi Awolowo and three other
prominent Nigerians-Dr. Aluko, Chief Onyia and
Chief Mariere visited Enugu on a mission in
connection with the current Nigerian crisis.
May 11: The Federal Military Government
cancelled diplomatic passports issued to 66 Nigerians
including some former Federal Ministers.


13









May 20; Major- General Gowon announced the
acceptance of all the recommendations of the National
Conciliation Committee following its peace mission
to Eastern Nigeria.
May 23: Federal Ministry of Transport announced
the lifting of, the ban imposed on flights of air-
craft between 'Eastern Nigeria' and the rest of the
country.
May 27: A state of Emergency decleard throughout
Nigeria by the Head of the Federal Military Gov-
ernment, Major General Gowon.
Commander in Chief assumes full powers.
12 new states created.
Political statements banned.
Police and Army given more powers.
May 28: 12 governors appointed for the 12 states
created.
May 30: Major -General Yakubu Gowon, head of
the federal Military Government, ordered general
Mobilisation of troops all over the Federation
He also ordered the cancellation of leave for all
military personal. The Lagos, Western, and Mid-
Western States called-up for re-enlistment in the
Nigerian Army.
Ojukwu, declared the former 'Eastern Regicn a
sovereign State to be known as the Republic
of Biafra". Federal Military Government closed
down four ports Port Harcourt, Calabar, Bonnv,
and Degema until further notice.
June 1: Head of State Yakubu Gowon promoted
to the rank of Major- General. Col. Robert Ade-
bayo and Lt. Col. David Ejoor also promoted to
the rank of Brigadier. The Federal Military
Govt. ordered the closure of the Niger Bridge.


14








June 3: Head of the Federal. Military Government
and Commander: in-Chief of the Armed forces,
Major General Yakubu Gowon, appointed 11
civilians to the Federal Executive Council from
11 of the 12 states of the federation.
June 24: The Nigerian Police in Ibadan discovered
10 packages of arms at Surulere, a village just
outside Ibadan behind the campus of the Univer-
sity of Ibadan.
June 28: Mr. Eric Norris, under secretary of the
state- i n: the British Commonwealth Relations
Office started rounds of discussions in Lagos on
the Nigerian situation.
July 2: Two different explosions occurred in Lagos
-Obalende and Yaba.
July 6: Fight broke out between the Nigerian Army
and the Secessionist on the Border between Benue-
Plateau State and East Central State.
July 14: Report of the capture of the University
town of Nsuka by Federal troops.
July 17: Federal Government announced the death of
Major Chukwuma Nzeogwu while he was fighting
for the Secessionists.
July 19. Another explosion in Lagos in which
several persons were either killed or injured.

July 25: The capture of the oil town of Bonny in
the Rivers State by the Federal forces after naval
bombardment was announced.
July 31: Commodore Joseph Wey, head of the
Nigerian Navy promoted to the rank of Rear
Admiral of the Fleet.


15








August 3: The Federal Military Government ordered
the release of Isaac Adaka Boro and two others
who were sentenced to death for waging war
against the Federal Government in 1966.
August 5: The Chief of Staff of the Nigerian Army,
Col. Joseph Ronald Akahan, died in an helicopter
crash.
August 9: Secessionist Soldiers infiltrated into Mid-
West in the early hours of the day.
August 11: The Federal Military Government order-
ed full scale military operations against Ojukwu's
secessionists forces wherever they are.

August 17: Emeka Ojukwu named Major Okonkwo
Military Administrator for the Mid Western
State.
September 4: The OAU ministerial council meeting
opened in Congo Kinshasa.
September 13: The Secretary General of the United
Nations, U Thant calls on the head of the
Federal Military Government, Major -General
Gowon during a brief stop over on his way to
the fourth session of the O AU in congo Kin-
shasa.
September 14: The capture of Ikom in the South
Eastern State by the Federal troops announced.
OAU summit in Kinshasa decided to send
mission to Nigeria fo r discussions with the
Federal Military Government on the Nigerian
situation.

September 19: Lt. Col. George Kurobo appointed
Nigerians Ambassador to the Soviet Union.
Federal troops re-captured Benin.


16








September 21: Lt. Col. Samuel Ogbemudia of tfhe'
4th Area Command of the Nigerian Army appoi-
nted Military Administrator of the Mid-West
State.
September 24: Brigadier Ejoor arrived in Lagos
after the recapture of Benin.
October 1: Major *General Gowon announced the
setting up of committees to examine the various
problems of economic and social reconstruction in
the post war period.
Oct. 3: Federal troops captured the town of Agbor
in the Mid Western State.
Oct. 4: Enugu, the seat of the secessionists regime
fell to Federal Soldiers.
Oct. 7: The Anti aircraft gun fire of the Nigerian
Army Shot down Secessionist Air craft in Lagos.
Oct. 19: Chief Obafemi Awolowo, Federal Commi-
ssioner for Finance, announced new fiscal measures
to meet the cost of Federal Government's recon-
struction programme.
Oct. 20: Calabar another major town in the Eastern
State captured by Federal troops.

Oct. 28: Mr. U. C. Asika, a lecturer in the De-
partment of social sciences at the University of
Ibadan appointed administrator for Enugu, and
other liberated areas of the East Central State.

November 10: Mr. Peter Elstob the pen interna-
tional representative arrived in Lagos from London
to try to reach Mr. Wole Soyinka the Nigerian
playwright under state detention.

Nov. 11: Mr. Kenule Tsaro wiwa, lecturer in
English at the University of Lagos appointed
the administrator for Bonny.


17








Nov. 13: 2 Crews of Jozina the Dutch boat arre-
sted and detained on charges of gun running for
Ojukwu jailed 84 years.
Nov. 17: Federal Governmet ordered the deport-
ation of the Jozina crew sentenced to a total of
84 years imprisonment.

Nov. 22: The OAU consultative mission headed
by Emperor Haile Selassie arrived in Lagos.
Nov 23: The Organisation of African Unity consul-
tative mission opened talks with the Nigerian head
of State Major General Gowon.
December 1: Mr. Ukpabi Asika, administrator for
Enugu and other liberated parts of the Central
Eastern State began a tour of parts of the Nothern
and East Central States.


1968
January 3: New Nigeria currency notes in denomi-
nations of 5, 1, 10s and 5s. came into circulation.

Jan. 13: Fortified position of secessionist army along
Port Harcourt c h a n e l reported cleared by the
Federal Air and ground units.
Jan. 17: Seven towns announced captured at the
Onitsha front: they are Adani, Umabu, Uneeze,
Anaku, Omo, Ibje and Olo.

February 3: Federal Government announced the 23
white mercenaries were killed in two separate battle
at the Calabar war sector.


18








Feb. 14: Helicopter captured from the secessionists
at Udi displayed in Lagos.
Feb. 19: Awka falls after a bloody battle. Onitsha
captured.
March 24: Ikot Offiong liberated.
March 30: Ikot Ekpene captured.
April 1: Abak fell after a bloody battle.
April 5; Abakiliki liberated.
April 21; Official announcement of the fall ofAfikpo
town.
May 4: Enahoro left Lagos for London at the head
of two- man Federal delegation to the Prelimi-
nary peace talks with representatives of the
secessionists.
May 6: Discussion on the venue of peace talks
between Federal Government and the secession-
ists opened in London.
May 8: Kampala capital of Uganda chosen as the
venue of the peace talks.
May 13: Agenda on the peace talks in Kampala
agreed upon.
May 19: The fall of Port Harcourt announced.
May 23: Peace talks opened in Kampala.
May 27: Mr. Banjo official to Kampala peace talks
reported missing.
Lagos State celebrated first Anniversry of the
creation of the State.
May 28: Government flays role of the Internat-
ional Red Cross.
May 30: Kampala peace talks break down.
June 3: Col. Johnson Lagos State Military Gover-
nor announced names of his commissioners.
June 5: General Gowon Plegded that federal forces
would not advance into the encircled Ibo hearth-
land unless the secessionists still refused to see
reason


19








June 5: Holland announced embargo on sale of
arms to the Federal Government.
June 8: Search for peace continued as General Gowon
meets President Hamani Diori of Niger Republic
at Sokoto.
June 12: France announced embargo on sale of
arms to the Federal Government.
Federal Government announced changes in army
commands.
June 14: Seven villages inculding Enugu Aku,
Jaku and Awgu liberated by federal forces on the
road to Umuahia, then the secessionists admini-
strative headquarters.
June 19: Water-borne company of the Third Marine
Commandos captured Degema.
June 22: The liberation of three more towns in the
Rivers State Abon nema, Nembe, and Baka -
announced.
June 20/24: Britain's Lord Shepherd in Enugu and
Calabar after talks in Lagos.
June 26: Yenagoa fell to federal forces.
June 27: Two federal army officers publicly exe-
cuted by firing squad in Benin for Murdering
four Ibo civilians.
July 5: Belgium banned sale of arms to federal
government.
July 15: Federal Executive Council's vice chairman,
Chief Obafemi Awolowo, led eight man delegation
to Niamey, Niger Republic to meet the OAU
Consulative Committee on Nigeria.
July 20: Fresh peace talks with secessionist deliga-
tion opened in Niamey.
July 22: The Vatican City (Pope Paul VI's regime)
broke blockade imposed on the East-Central State.
July 28: Federal Government invited International
Observers.


20








July 29: Ahoada, the last major town of the Rivers
State in Rebel hands, was liberated. The important
rail and road junction town, Ndeabor freed in
the Enugu Sector.
July 31: French Government issued a statement
supporting Ojukwu's illegal regime.
August 5: Peace talks, which ended in another
stalemate on Sept. 6, opened in Addis Ababa,
Ethopia.
August 10: Ojukwu, accompanied by three foreig-
ners, arrived in Addis Ababa.
September 1: Rivers State Governor, Lt. Comman-
der Alfred Diette-Spiff, moved from temporary
Lagos headquarters to Port Harcourt.
*The fall of Aba, a major commercial, centre,
was announced.
September 3: A front line fe dera company
commander was executed by firing Squad at
Port Harcourt for gunning down an unarmed
rebel prisoner of war.
Sept. 4: Ndi Abasi, on the road to Afikpo, and
a road junction town, Owutu, cleared of secessionists
soldiers.
,Anti French demonstrations in L a g os and
other 'towns.
Sept. 6: Uganda Police announced that the corpse
found on the outskirts of Kampala, was that of
Mr. Johnson Banjo.
Sept. 12: Oguta liberated from secessionist troops.
Sept. 13: OAU summit opened in Algiers with,
Chief Awolowo leading Federal Go v e r n m e n t
delegation.
Sept. 4/8: Anti- French demonstrations in Lagos,
and other towns.
Sept. 14: International Observers began to arrive
in Lagos at the invitation of the Federal
Government.


21









Sept. 13/16: OAU Summit urged the secessionists
to co operate with Federal Government in order
to restore peace and Unity in Nigeria.
The summit adjourned indefinitely due to stand of
the four "black sweeps" out of some 40 countries
Gabon, Ivory Coast, Tanzania, and Zambia.
Owerri fell to the federal 3rd Marine Comma-
ndo Brigade.
Sept. 21: Obilagu airstrip in the Central Eastern
State taken by federal.

Three small towns Eziato, Ishiagu, and Amago
-also liberated.

Sept. 24: Nearly 100 French mercenaries fighting
for the secessionist killed and several others woun-
ded as Third Marine Commandos engaged in fierce
battles. Amago also liberated.
Sept. 30: Okigwe freed.

November 8: Three gun running planes of the sece-
ssionist destroyed by federal forces.
December 5: Adazi and Agulu fell to federal forces.
December 5/11: British Members of Parliment, Lord
Brockway and Mr. James Griffiths visited the sece-
ssionists area and Lagos.

December 11/17: Lord Shepherd and Mr. Foley
(Under secretary of State at the British Foreign
Office) in Addis Ababa over the Nigerin crisis.

December 16: Col. Michel Medvedev accredited as
Soviet Military attache in Lagos.


22








1969
January 6: Chief Awolowo led Nigerian delegation to
the commonwealth Prime Minister' conference in
London.
February 10: Two more towns Etali and Obum- fell
to federal troops in the Afikpo sector.
March 16: Secessionists connections cleared out of
Umudioka.
March 27/31: British Primer Minister Harold Wilson
was in Lagos for discussions.
April 1: Ahaba, Ovim, Ama Okwe and Ezeukwu in
federal band.
April 4: Uzuakoli liberated.
April 8: Federal took Ngu, only 11 miles from
Umuahia, the new secessionist headquarters.
April 15: Bende fell to federal forces.
April 21: Umuahia freed.
April 28: Federal troops ordered to withdraw from
Owerri "for tactical reason".
May 7: Gun running plane destroyed at Uli- Ihiala.
May 9: Secessionists infiltrators killed 11 oilmen
(mostly Italians ) at Okpai, near Kwale the Mid-
Western State.
May 12: Federal Government announced changes in
commands cf the three war sectors.
May 22: Secessionist plane, reported by foreign
news media to be piloted by swedish mercenary
count carl Gustwv on Rosen, attacked Port Har-
court.
May 24: Benin air -raided by secessionist.
May 28: The chief co ordinator of the International
Committee of Red Crcss (ICRC), Dr. August
Lindt, was detained at Ikeja Airport, Lagos, for
violating security instructions.


23








May 29: Secessionist plane raided Ughelli in the
Mid West.
June 1: The Director General of the Armed Forces
Medical Service, Col. Austen Olumuyiwa Peters,
promoted Brigadier.
Aboh and Okpai in the Mid West, cleared of
secessionists.
June33: Ughelli attacked again by Secessionist aircraft.
June 4: Foreign owned ship carrying arms to the sece-
ssionists was inter cepted in Warri channel.
June 6: The bodies of the ten Italians oilmen mur-
dered by the secessionists were flown to Italy.
June 7/8: The ICRC was ordered to move out of the
security zone Ikeja Airport area.-
June 8: Secessionists air-raid on Ibusa, Mid Western
State.
June 13: Two more secessionists planes wrecked by
Nigerian Air Force at Uli Ihiala airstrip.
June 14: Dr. Lindt was declared a "persona non
grata" and ordered to leave Nigeria.
British Broadcasting Corporation correspondent,
Mr. Peter Stewart was expelled from Nigeria.
June 18: Secessionists bomb Ughelli area again.
June 19: Controversial US reliefship the Dona Mer-
cedes arrived in Lagos.
July 20: Federal forces destroyed secessionists concen-
tration South of Obosi after joint air and land
offensive.
August 2: N.A.F. smash secessionists ammunition
convoy and depot.
August 2: Pope Paul meets Federal Government en-
voys (led by Chief Anthony Enahoro) and sece-
ssionist representative in Kampala.


24









August 3: Pope returned home after fruitless peace
move.
August 5: Aguleri, Otuocha, Okwulu; Ikenga and
Nando freed in East Central State.
August 7: General Gowon visited Accra. Talks with
Ghanian Head of State, Bregadier A. Afrifas during
a day's stay. Return visit for Bregadier Afrifas trip
to Lagos.
August 8: Secessionist air craft chased of Asaba.
August 9: Federal troops liberated Obrikom and
Omoko.
August 10: General Gowon re-assures that the door
to a peaceful settlement was still wide open.
August 12: One day visit to Cotonou by General
Gowon. Talks with Dahomey's President Emile
Zinsou.
August 13: Secessionist-held oil refinery at Ebocha
captured by the federal troops.
Secessionist aircraft attacked oil instlations in
Escravos Mid West.
Nando, Umuawor, Nando Town and three other
towns fell to the federal troops. Dr.Nnamdi Azikiwe
given spontaneous warm reception at Ikeja Airpot
during a stop over on his way to Liberia from
London. He later had a short meeting with Gen-
eral Gowon at Dodan Barracks.
August 18: General Gowon- accompanied by his wife,
Veronica and Dr. Azikiwe met Liberian President
William Tubman in Monrovia over peace in Nigeria.
August 20: General Gowon warned the UN to hands
off Nigeria's Internal Crisis.
August 24: Desperate secessionist bid to retake
Onitsha beaten back.
September 5: Dr. Azikiwe returned to Lagos.


25








Sept. 6: General Gowon Leaves for Addis Ababa to
attend O.A.U. Summit conference.
General Gowon stopped over in Kenya to meet
President Jomo Kenyatta.
Later in day, the Nigerian Head of State add-
ressed Heads of States in Addis Ababa.
September 7: In Addis Ababa, the Secretary -general
of the U.N O., U. Thant, backed the O.A.U. stand
on the Nigerian crisis. "It is an issue which can
best be solved by African", he said.
September 8: General Gowon had heart to heart
discussion in Addis Ababa with President Julius
Nyerere of Tanzania, one of the only four African
Nations which gave official recognition to the rebel
regime.
Dr. Azikiwe in Enugu and Nsukka. He went on
to visit all other eleven states of Nigeria.
September 9: Plane on illegal gun running trip for
the secessionist was completely destroyed by N.A.F.
jet bombers at Uli-Ihiala airstrip.
September 10: OAU Summit called for ceasefire and
peace talk in Nigeria. Only five out of 40 nations
abstained from voting. These were Gabon, Ivory
Coast, Tanzania, and Zambia (which already reco-
gnised the secessionist regime) and Sierra Leone.
General Gowon flew home from Addis Ababa.
September 13: Now relif agreement in Lagos between
the federal Government and the International
Committee of the Red Cross.
In report published by a Polish newspaper, Poland's
member of the International observer team
watching the Nigeria war said: Ojukwu is a liar.
There is nothing like genocide being committed
by the Federal Government and its armed forces
on Ibos."


26








September 23: Dr. Azikiwe back in his home town of
Onitsha.

October 1: Nigeria nine years old as independent state.
In a broadcast, General Gowon ordered release of
all persons detained during the crisis, "if they are
no longer considered security risks".

October 8: Promotions of officers still in secessionist
areas announced in Lagos by the Statutory Cor-
porations Service Commission. The statement said
that the men mostly of the Nigerian Railway Corp-
ration and the Nigerian Ports Authority "are
expected to assume their new posts when they
report for duty".

October 12 "Keep out of politics", Chief of Staff,
Brigadier Hassan Usman Katsina warned army
officers.

October 14: Civilian killed as secessionist aircraft
raided Ogharefe 20 miles from Benin.
Camerouns President Ahmadou Ahijo, current
chairman of the OAU, pledged "every effort" to
bring peace to Nigeria. He was being received
by General. Gowon at Ikeja Airport during a stop -
over on his way home from New York.

October 15: The head of the Nigerian Air Force, Col.
Shittu Akanji Alao, died in air crash at Uzebba,
about 50 miles north-west of Benin. Col. Alao aged
32, was alone in the crashed plane. He was buried
in Lagos two days later witn full military hor ours.

October 17: Ten civilians were killed during secessi-
noists air raid on Egwuachi, north of Okigwi,
Central Eastern State on a market day.


27








October 22: Secessionoists insisted on night flights by
ICRC and one week truce during which massive
relief could be flown to them. The Federal Govern-
ment rejected these new twists to earlier concess-
ions.
October 26: Two envoys of peace from Emperor
Haile Selassie of Ethopia in Lagos. They met
General Gowon who was set for a visit to Congc-
Kinshasa.
October 27: General Gowon flew off to Congo-
Kinshasa for a day's visit.
October 27/29: General. Gowon in Congo Kinshasa
Congo-Brazaville and Cameroun.
October 30: Ethopian envoy met General Gowon in
Lagos again.
November 1: Another gun running plane for the
secessionist gang destroyed by NAF at Uli -Ihiala.
November 1/3: Announcment in Lagos said a batta-
lion of secessionist troops had been wiped out near
Owazza, in Oguta area. NAF planes also smashed
secessionist military concentrations north of the
battle area.
November 2: Ojukwu again spurned peace moves by
telling his so-called consultative assembly at
Aguata, 34 miles, north of Owerri: "I shall have
no faith in the OAU".
November 8: General Gowon on one day's visit to
president Etienne Eyadema of Togo in Lome.
November 12: United States Secretary of State, Willi-
am P. Roger appealed (in vain)to Ojukwu to allow
day-light relief flights.
November 14: Mid-Western State announced free
education plan for war orphans from the Ibo-spea-
king areas of the state.
November 21: Rivers State's Governor Alfred Diete-
Spiff pledge: "My people will live peacefully with
their Ibo brothers", we must all learn to forgive
and forget" (speech at Army Depot, Abeokuta).


28








December 1/20: As its new visa law came into effect,
the Ghana Government granted Ibos "refugees"
status while thousands of other' Nigerians' were
forced to leave Ghana.
December 8: "We are still ready for peace", -Gene-
ral Gowon told a seven-man delegation of the
World Baptist Alliance led to Lagos by Liberia's
Vice Presedent, William Tolbert Federal Govern-
ment gave assurance that ICRC planes on DAY-
LIGHT relief flights would not be attacked at Uli-
Ihiala airstrip.
December 13: Strikes and lockouts banned for one
year by new Federal Government decree. However,
industrial arbitration tribunals would handle trade
union disputes.
December 15/16 General Gowon in Ibadan and also
called at Shagamu, Ijebu-Ode and Abeokute; all
in the Western State.
December 17: Secessionist foiled peace mo ve
scheduled for Addis Ababa. Ojukwu refused OAU
term for negotiations.
December 17/18: Two planes on illegal arms trips for
the secessionist (a DC 3 and a super Constallation)
wrecked at Uli-Ihiala by NAF jets.
December 18: The app, intent was announced in
Lagos of Col. Emmanuel Ebije Ikwue as new Com-
mander of the Nigerian Air Force in succession to
the late Co.l. Shittu Alao. The appointment was to
take effect from December 22.
December 22: "French Government Should stop
backing the Nigeria rebellion", Dr." Azikiwe told
group of French Pressmen in London.
December 31: In his New Year message to the
Nation, Gerenal Gowon accused "selfinish and
ambitious leaders who have made the task of nation
building more onerous. He also hinted at quick
end to the war.


29








1970
January 10: The fall of the three towns-Arochukwu,
Ohafia and Utoru announced.
In Accra United Nations Secretary -General, U.
Thant condemned Ojukwu and slammed at rebellion
January 11: Ojukwu escaped from rebel enclave at
dawn flight destination later known to be Ivcry
Coast.
Lay down your arms, General Gowon urged rebel
troops.
January 12: Rebel forces surrendered. The Chief of
Ojukwu's armed forces and formerly an officer in
the Nigerian Army, Lt. Col. Philip Effion, spoke
on rebel radio, renouncing secession of the country.
Protect all surrendering rebel troops, General
Gowon ordered federal forces.
The Chief Justice of the former Eastern Nigeria,
Sir Louis Mbanefo, led delegation which also in-
cluded Lt. Col. Effiong and five other former officers
of Ojukwu's secessionist army to Lagos.
In a broadcast at midnight, General Gow.-on
confirmed "a general amnesty for all those misled
into Ojukwu's rebellion" and assured that "there
is no question of second class citizen" in Nigeria.
Nigeria rejected end of war relief from France,
Rhodesia, Portugal and South Africa. Aids from
the Roman Catholic relief agency, Caritas, Joint
Church Aid and other nations and countries "'vho
have been studi--usly hostile to the federal cause
throughout the crisis".
January 16: Federal Government (in statement read
by Chief Anthony Enat oro to the world press in
Lagos) stressed that there would be no peace talks
over the capitulation of the former secessionist
regime.
30








January 17: U. Thant in Lagos for two day visit.
"Iam happy at the outcome of the war of Unity ,
he told a dinner party in Dodan Barracks.

January 24: Ivory Coast granted Ojukwu political
assylum.

THE TOTAL SURRENDER
The Document of surrender was read by Col. Philip
Effiong and formally tendered to General Gowon
at a ceremony held in Dodan Barracks, Lagos, on
15th January 1970. This historic ceremony came
four years after the first military coup which set
off an unpleasant chain of reactions climaxed by
the 30 Months war
"I, Major General Philip Effiong, officer admini-
stering the Government of the Republic of Biafra,
now wish to make the following declaration:
(a) That we affirm we are loyal Nigerian Citizens
and accept the authority of the Federal Military
Government of Nigeria.
(b) That we accept the existing administrative and
political structure of the Federation of Nigeria.
(c) That any future constitutional arrangement
will be worked out by the representatives of the
people of Nigeria.
(d) That the Republic of Biafra hereby ceases to
exist."

THE SUPREME MILITARY COUNCIL COMPRISES:

Head of the Federal Military Government and
Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.
Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquaters


31








Chief of Staff, Nigerian Armed Forces
Head of the Nigerian Navy
Head of the Nigerian Air Forces
Administrator for East Central State


Military Governor,
Military Governor,
Military Governor,
Military Governor,
Military Governor,
Military Goveanor,
Military Governor,
Military Governor,
Military Governor,
Military Governor,
Military Governor,
Inspector General


Western State
Mid-Western State
Lagos State
North Western State
North Central State
Kano State
North Eastern State
Benue-Plateau State
Kwara State
South-Eastern State
Rivers State
of Police


Deputy Inspector General of Police


FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CABINET

Head of State: Major-General Yakubu Gowon
Head of Civil Service and Secretary to the Govern-
ment: Mr. H. A. Ejueyitchie
Permanent Secretary: Mr. G. A. Ige
Permanent Secretary (Defence): Alhaji Y. Gobir.


32








MINISTRY OF FINANCE
Commissioner and vice- Chairman of the Federal
Executive Council: Chief Obafemi Awolowo.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. Abdul Atta.

MINISTRY OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS
Commissioner: Mr. Okoi Arikpo.
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Baba Gana.

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT
Commissioner: Mr. Joseph Tarka.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. I. J. Ebong.

MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATIONS

Commissioner: Alhaji Aminu Kano.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. C. O. Lawson.

MINISTRY OF HEALTH
Commissioner: Dr. J. E. Adetoro.
Permanent Secretary: Tatari Ali.

MINISTRY OF JUSTICE
Attorney General: Dr. T. O. Elias.
Permanent Secretary and Solicitor General: Mr.
A. A. Adediran.

MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Commissioner: Alhaji Shehu Shagari.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. A. A. Ayida.


33








MINISTRY OF ESTABLISHMENT
Commissioner: Rear Admiral Wey.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. M. A. Tokunboh.

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND LABOUR
Commissioner: Chief Anthony Enahoro.
Permanent Secretary (Information): Malam Joda.
Permanent Secretary (Labour): Mr. S. O. Koku.

MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS
Commissioner: Alhaji Kam Selem also Inspector
General of Police.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. S. B. Akande.

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION

Commissioner: Mr. Wenike Briggs.
Permanent Secretary: S. Ade John.
Chief Federal Adviser on Education: Dr. S. J.
Cookey.

MINISTRY OF WORKS AND HOUSING
Commissioner: Mr. Femi Okunnu.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. G. E.A. Longe.

MINISTRY OF MINES AND POWER
Commissioner: Dr. R. B. Dikko.
Permanent Secretary: S. I. A. Akenzua.

MINISTRY OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY
Commissioner: Alhaji Ali Monguno.
Permanent Secretary (Industry): Mr. P. C. Asiodu.


34









MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND
NATURAL RESOURCES
Permanent Secretary: Dr. S. Shiab.
Director of Agricultural Research: J. E. Y. Hardcastle.
Director of Forest Research: 0. M. Oseni.

EAST CENTRAL STATE
Administrator: J. Ukpabi Asika.
Secretary to Govt.: Mr. J. O. Ibeziako.

MINISTRY OF FINANCE:
Commissioner: Mr. Z. 0. Dibiaezue.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. M. E. P. Udebiuwa.

MINISTRY OF ESTABLISHMENT:

Commissioner: Mr. C. A. Abangwu.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. S. C. A. Nwapa.

MINISTRY OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY

Commissioner: Dr. Ukwu I. Ukwu.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. 0. F. Obi.

MINISTRY OF JUSTICE:
Commissioner and Attorney General: Mr. P. Nna-
emeka Agu.
Permanent Secretary and Solicitor General: Mr. R.
Okagbue.

MINISTRY OF WORKS, HOUSING AND
TRANSPORT:
Commissioner: Mr. Dan Ibekwe.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. G. O. Ugwah.


35








MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND
NATURAL RESOURCES
Commissioner: Dr. L. Obibuaku
Permanent Secretary: Mr. B. O. Odinamadu.
MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
AND RECONSTRUCTION:
Commissioner: Mr. M. S. G. Ikoku.
Permanent Secretary: Dr. E. O. Iwuagwu.
MINISTRY OF LANDS, SURVEY AND URBAN
DEVELOPMENT:
Commissioner: Mr. M. Elechi.
Permanent Secretary: Mr.V. A. Aniagoh.
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
Commissioner: Dr. Magnus C. Adiele.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. B. O. Ajoku.
MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL
WELFARE
Commissioner: Mrs. Flora Nwakuche.
Permanent Secretary: Mr. F. J. E. Ogwuazor.
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND HOME
AFFAIRS:
Permanent Secretary: Mr. R. M. C. Chukwura.
* The Administrator Directly exercise the respon-
sibilites of the commissioner for Information and
Home Affairs. All permanent Secretaries were
acting appointments at the time of going to Press.
EAST CENTRAL STATE
Chief Registrar: J. C. Philip Ebosie
Chief Magistrates: E. C. Ekwulugo.
M. C. Onwunyi.
B. C. Nwosu.
C: O. Ike.
J. C. Ononye.
A. 0. Erokwu.


36









Magistrates:
R. C. Nzeribe.
E. O. Udo-Aboh.
Abai Ikwuechegh.
F. I. Akujiobi.
K. A. Adogu(Mrs.
S. A. Obi.
E. N. W. Onyeful
H. O. Nwazota.
F. G. S. Uyanna.
S. N. Okoroafor.
M. O. Nweje.
B. M. C. Eteaba.

Principal Registrar:

Senior Registrar:
Higher Registrar:
J. C. Edeogu.
H. O. C. Nwabuz
B. C. Ikechebelu.
M.I. Ibuzo.
J. I C. Nwizu.

Assistant Probate Regis

Higher Libary Officer:

Registrars:
R. N. Obianyo.
P. N. Onukwuli
E. E. Onwochei.


J. N. M. Onyechi
F. J. I. Emengo.
S. I. O. Aguolu.
E. A. Ibeziako.
) H. N. Chidume.
E. O. Ogwuegbu.
lu.
J. C. Metuh
M. O. Eziri.
B. A. Agusiobo.
L. C. Anoliefo.
J. Johnson.
E. V. C. Ebo.

E. P. O. Offodile
D. N. Okoli.
A. O. Monu.
oh. W. C. Ogidi.
A. I. Onyeyiriche.
A. C. P. Abomeli.


trar: J. J. Ugorji.

C. C. Anyafulu.

F. A. Adinweruka.
F. E. Onyia.
T. N. Onuora.


37








LAGOS STATE
Militray Governor; Colonel Mobolaji Johnson.
Adviser to Military Governor: Oba Adeyinka Oyekan
Principal Secretary to the Military Govt: Mr.
Howson Wright.

STATE CIVILIAN COMMISSIONERS FINANCE
& ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT:
Commissioner: Alhaji Ishaw Adewale.
Permsec: Mr. F. C. O. Coker.

JUSTICE;
Attorney General: Tajudeen Oki.
Permsec. & Solicitor General: Alhaji I. O. Agoro.

WORKS AND PLANING:
Commissioner: Dr. B, A. Williams.
Permsec: Mr. S. A. Thomas.

EDUCATION & COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT:
Commissioner: Chief Adeniran Ogunsanya.
Permsec: Mr. N. Folarin Coker.

HEALTH & SOCIAL WELFARE
Commissioner: Alhaji Ganiyu Olawale Dawodu.
Permsec: Dr. 0. A. Soboyejo.

AGRIC & NATURAL RESOURCES
Commissioner: Mr. Johnson Agiri.
Permsec: Alhaji F. A. Durosimi Etti.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT & CHIEFTAINCY
AFFAIRS:
Commissioner: Rev. Akin Adesola.

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION:
Commissioner: Mr. M. A. Badmus.


38









NORTH EASTERN STATE
Military Govenor: Col. Musa Usman.
Secretary to Military Go vt.: Alhaji Mohammadu
Monguno.
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND HOME
AFFAIRS:
Commissioner: Mr. Edmond Mamiso.
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION:
Commissioner: Alhaji Ibrahim Biu.
MINISTRY OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT:
Commissioner: Mallam Albatan Yerima Balla.
MINISTRY OF JUSTICE:
Commissioner: Alhaji Baba Ardo.
MINISTRY OF ESTABLISHMENT:
Commissioner: Alhaji Dauda Belel.
Police Commissioner: Mr. Hector Omo- Oba.
THE JUDICIARY
JUDGES, CITY OF LAGOS AND IKEJA.
The Honourable Mr. Justice J. I. C. Taylor (Chief Justice)
The ,, Mr. ,, S. Lambo.
The ,, Mr. ,, J. A. Adefarasin
The ,, Mr. ,, J. O. Beckley.
The ,, Mr. ,, B. A. Adedipe.
The ,, Mr. ,, J. Kassim
The ,, Mr. ,, M. A. Odesanya (Special
O. A. U. Assignment)
The ,, Mr ,, A. Adeoba.
The ,, Mr. ,, O R. I. George
The ,, Mr. ,, B. O. Kazeem.
The ,, Mr. ,, S. D. Adebiyi.
The ,, Mr. ,, L. J. Dosunmu,
The ,, Mr. A. R. Bakare.
MAGISTRATES GROUP OF COURTS LAGOS
Chief Magistrates: Mrs. D. E. A. Oguntoye.
Mrs. M. E. AXkWrele Mr. A. Sowemimo.
Mrs. C. O. Okunuga.
Senior Magistrater: Mr. Atiba. Mr. E. A. Oshodi


39








Magistrates Grade I:
D. C. A. Bamgboye (Now Ag. Registrar of Titles)
Mr. A. O. Okuribido. Mr. A. O. Agbebi.
Mr. A. O. Jacobs. Mr. L. A. Gbaja.
Mr. V. B. Famakinwa.
Magistrates Grade I :
T. A. A. Awosanya. Mr. F. O. Blaize.
Mr. O. 0. Thomas. Mr. M. Kotun.
Miss G. A. Baptist.
Magistrates Grade i x: Mr. M. E. Ojomro.
Mr. S. A. Samuel Mr. Y. A. O. Bello

IKEJA GROUP OF COURTS
Chief Magistrate
Mr. A. Awolesi
Senior Magistrate
Mr. E O. Coker (Now Acting Chief Magistrate)

Magistrates Grade II
Mr. J. O. Omole Badagry Mr. E. A. Sandey
Mrs. I. A. Williams

NAMES OF REGISTRARS
1. Mr. T. S. Gomes (Chief Registrar)
2. Mr. J. A. Ojomo (Deputy Chief Registrar)
3. Mr. I. A. Fregene (Senior Registrar Admin.)
4. Mr. O. Sodeinde (Senior Registrar High C o u r t
Ikeja)
5. Mr. C. C. Olimma (Senior, Registrar, Litigation)
6 Mr. A. Dawodu (Registrar's Magistrate's Court
Igbosere Rd. Lagos)
7. Mr. A. J. Tinubu (Registrar, Magistrate's Co :rt:
Ikeja)
8. Mr. M. A. Edet (Registrar, Magistrates Court,
Yaba.)


40









WESTERN STATE
MILITARY GOVERNOR: Col. Oluwole Rotimi.
Secretary to the Military Govt. Mr P. T. Odumosu
MINISTRY OF FINANCE:
Commissioner: Alhaji D. S. ADEGBENRO
Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. M. Akinola
MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC PLANNING & RECONSTRUCTION:
Commissioner: Chief Bisi Onabanjo
Permanent Secretary: Mr. H. S. Adedeji
MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVT. & CHIEFTAINCY AFFAIRS:
Commissioner: Dr. V. O. S. Olunloyo
Permanent Secretary; Mr. I. 0. Igun
MINISTRY OF ESTABLISHMENT AND TRAINING:
Commissioner: Dr. C. L. Adeoye
Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. I. Ojo
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS AND INFORMATION:
Commissioner: Mr. M. A. Omisade
Permanent Secretary: Mr. F. A. 0. Shoga
MINISTRY OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY:
Commissioner: Chief B A. Ajayi
Permanent Secretary:: Mrs. Fola Ighodalo
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION:
Permanent Secretary: Mr. A. 0. Adebayo
MINISTRY OF HEALTH:
Permanent Secretary: Mr. M. A. Ademosu
MINISTRY OF LANDS AND HOUSING:
Commissioner: Mr. Adeoye Adisa
Permanent Secretary: Mr. B. A. Oduntan
MINISTRY OF WORKS AND TRANSPORT:
Commissioner: Mr. J. A. Akintoba
Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. 0. Afolabi
MINISTRY GF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES:
Commissioner: Prince Alade Lamuye
Permanent Secretary: Mr. M. A. Akintomide
Permanent Secretary: (Political and Adiministrati n)
Military Governor's Office. Chief Olubunmi Thomas.
Commissioner in the Military Governor's Office (in
charge of Finance and Agricultural Credit Corporation
and Western State Farmers' Union Affairs) ;
Mr. S. "A. Yerokun.


41









MID WESTERN STATE
MILITARY GOVERNOR Col. :S. O. Egbemudia
Secretary to the Military Govt. Mr. J. E. Imoukhuede
Permanent Secretary, Military Governor's Office
(Administration and Cabinet D v i s i o n) : MIr.
W. J. Amukpe
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES:
Commissioner: Mr. L. L. Borha
Permanent Secretary: Mr. E. C. Halimi
MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT & RECONSTRUCTION:
Permanent Secretary: Mr. D. P. Lawani
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION:
Commissioner: E. K. Clark
Permanent Secretary: Mr. G. N. Enobakhare
MINISTRY OF ESTABLISHMENT:
Commissioner: Chief F. Oputa-Otutu
Permanent Secretary: Mr. A. D. AbLogun
MINISTRY OF FINANCE:
Commissioner: Chief A. Y. Eke
Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. O. Iluebbey
MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL WELFARE:
Commissioner: Mr. D. U. C. Mokwenye
Permanent Sacretary: Dr. A. E. Ekomi
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS:
Commissioner: Mr. P. A. Izile
Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. Amadi-Emina
MINISTRY OF JUSTICE:
Commissioner: and (Attorney General): Chie f
J. M. Udochi
Permanent Secretary Mr. S. I. 0. Giwa-Amu
MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVT. AND CHIEFTAINCY AFFAIRS:
Commissioner: Mr. O. P. Edodo
Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. O. Ibuje
MINISTRY OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY:
Commissioner: Mr. J. M. Eruaga
Permanent Secretary: Mr. Olu A,:_-ta
MINISTRY OF WORKS AND TRANSPORT:
Commissioner: Chief I. E. A. Salubi
Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. O. Afe
MINISTRY OF LANDS AND HOUSING:
Cammissioner: Chief F. Oputa-Otutu
Permanent Secretary: Mr. j. L. T. Boyo
42









KANO STATE
MILITARY GOVERNOR: Police Commissioner
Audu Bako
Secretary to the Military Govt.: Mallam A. Howeidy
MINISTRY OF CO-OPERATIVES AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT:
ComAnissioner: Alhaji Yusufu Maitama Sule
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Musa Gumel
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
Commissioner: Alhaji Umaru Gumel
Permanent Secretary: Malam Muhammadu Ibrahim
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION:
Commissioner: Alhaji Tanko Yakasai
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Isa Gombo Dutse
MINISTRY OF FINANCE:
Commissioner: Alhaji Yauyama Madakin Hadejia
Permanent Secretary: Mr. R. O. A. Mant
MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC PLANNING TRADE
& INDUSTRY:
Commissioner: Alhaji Aminu Dantata
Permanent Secretary;Malam Aliyu Daneji
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND NATU-
RAL RESOURCES:
Commissioner: Mallam Muhammadu Inuwa Dutse
Permanent Secretary: Mr R. B. Woodroofe
MINISTRY OF WORKS & SURVEY:
Commissioner: Alhaji Magajin Garim Kazaure
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Salihi Iliyasu
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
Commissioner: Alhaji Muhtari, Sarkin Bai
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Husaini Adamu
MINISTRY OF HEALTH & SOCIAL WELFARE:
Commissioner: Alhaji Sani Gezawa
Permanent Secretary: Mallam Alfa Wali
MINISTRY OF ESTABLISHMENT AND
SERVICE MATTERS:
Commissioner: Alhaji Baba Danbappa
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Muhammadu Sule Minjibir
MINISTRY OF JUSTICE:
Solicitor General and Permanent Secretary: Alhaji
Sani Aikawa.
43








RIVERS STATE
MILITARY GOVERNOR: Lieut-Comdr. A. P.
Diete-Spiff
Secretary to the Military Govt: Mr. W. E. Tienabeso
Permanent Secretary: Mr. S. D. Eke Spiff
MINISTRY OF FINANCE:
Commissioner: Dr. L. B. Ekpebu
Permanent Secretary: Mr. B. A. Emman-Pepple
MINISTRY OF HEALTH:
Commissioner: Mr. N. Nwanodi
Permanent Secretary: Dr. M. S. Graham-Dauglas
MINISTRY OF JUSTICE:
Commissioner: W. T. Wakama
MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVT. AND
INFORMATION:
Commissioner: Chief J. A. Oriji
Permanent Secretary: Mr. F. J. Ellah
MINISTRY OF TRADE & INDUSTRY:
Commissioner: Chief S. F. Kambo-lgbeta
Permanent Secretary; Mr. A. Zaifu
MINISTRY OF ESTABLISHMENT:
Commissioner: Dr. Obi Wali
Permanent Secretary: Mr. A. K. Hart
MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
AND RECONSTRUCTION
Permanent Secretary: Mr. S. F. Ateli
MINISTRY OF WORK LANDS AND
TRANSPORT:
Commissioner: Mr. O. O. Ngei
Permanent Secretary: Mr: A. Abbey
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
Commissioner: Chief Roland Dappa-Birive
Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. N. Dambo
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
Commissioner: Mr. K. B. Tsaro-Wiwa
Permanent Secretary: Mr. I. Fetebigi


44









NORTH WESTERN STATE
MILITARY GOVERNOR: Chief Superintendent
Usman Faruk
Secretary to the Military Govt: Al ha j i A. K.
Muhammed
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE:
Commissioner: Alhaji Muhammed Maccido
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS, INFORMAT-
ION, ESTABLISHMENT AND TRAINING:
Commissioner: Alhaji Abubakar Tanau
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Jubrin Bala
MINISTRY OF LANDS AND SURVEY:
Commissioner: Mallam Muhammadu Zaria Musa
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Hassan Lemu
MINISTRY OF WORKS
Commissioner: Mallam Umaru Waziri Gwandu
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Hassan Lemu
MINISTRY OF FINANCE AND ECONOMIC
PLANNING:
Commissioner: Alhaji Ibrahim Argungu
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Sulaiman Luman
MINISTRY OF HEALTH:
Commissioner: Alhaji Ibrahim Tako
Permanent Secretary: Mallam Tanko Kuta
MINISTRY OF CO-OPERATIVES, TRADE AND
INDUSTRY:
Commissioner: Alhaji Abubakar Zukogi
Permanen Secretary: Alhaji Idris Koko
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION:
Commissioner: Alhaji Ibrahim Gusau
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Muh. Bello
MINISTRY OF ANIMAL AND FOREST RESOURCES:
Commissioner: Alhaji Ahmadu Bawa
MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVT. AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT:
Commissioner: Alhaji Umaru B. Audi
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Mohammadu Jega
MINISTRY OF JUSTICE;
Solicitor General and Commissioner: Mallam M.
A. Sambo
45









BENUE PLATEAU STATE
MILITARY GOVERNOR: Deputy Commissioner,
J. D. Gomwalk
Secretary to the Military Government: Mr. Selcan Miner
MINISTRY OF ESTABLISHMENT
Commissioner: Alhaji Muhammadu Wada
Ag. Permanent Secretary Mr. J. Hammation
MINISTRY OF REHABILITATION & RESETTLEMENT
Commissioner: Mr. V Shirsha
SPECIAL DUTIES
Permanent Secretary: F. G. Rogers
Commissioner for Boundries and Permanent Secret-
ary: Mr. B. C. Stafford
Permanent Secretary, Greater Jos Planning: S. D. Shemu
MINISTRY OF FINANCE
Commissioner: Mr. S. Gogwim
Permanent Secretary Mr. D. Dankaro
MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS & INFORMATION
Commissioner: Alhaji Adamu Musa
Permanent Secretary Malam Yahaya Kwande
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
Commissioner: Mr. B. Dusu
Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. E. Freeman
MINISTRY OF JUSTICE
Solicitor-General: Mr. M. U Ogbole
MINISTRY OF WORKS
Commissioner: Alhaji Yahaya Sabo
Ag. Permanent Secretary: Mr. V. G. Sanda
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
Commissioner: Mr. 0. A. Onazi
Ag. Permanent Secretary: Alhaji M. B. Abrahim
MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES & CO-OPERATIVES:
Commissioner: Mr. Isaac N. Shaahu
Permanent Secretary: Mallam Abdu Abubakar
MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Commissioner: Mr. Dauda Ashu
Ag. Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. M. Samchi
MINISTRY OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL
WELFARE
Commissioner: Mr. H. Tyungu

46









MINISTRY OF TRADE & INDUSTRY
Commissioner: Mallam M. E. Damulak
Ag. Permanent Secretary: R. M. A. Ogenyi
SOUTH EASTERN STATE
MILITARY GOVERNOR: Col. U. J. Esuene
Secretary to the Military Govt.: Mr. M. O. Ani
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS AND SOCIAL WELFARE:
Commissioner: Chief Louis Orok Edet
Permanent Secretary: Mr. Loveday Ogolo
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES:
Commissioner: Chief Dianabasi Jacob Umondak
Permanent Secretary: Mr. G. A, Daniel
MINISTRY OF HEALTH:
Commissioner: Chief Eassey Urua Ukpong
Permanent Secretary: Mr. C. A. Ekere
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION:
Commissioner: Chief Anthony George Umoh
Permanent Secretary: Mr. Francis Archibong
MINISTRY OF SURVEY AND TOWN PLANNING:
Commissioner: Chief Macdonald Odey Ogar
Permanent Secretary: Mr. U. B. Ugot
MINISTRY OF TRADE & INDUSTRY:
Commissioner: Mr. Patrick Odey Odo
Permanent Secretary: Mr. A. H. Ikwang
MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT & RECONSTRUCTION:
Commissioner: Mr. Michael Ogon
Permanent Secretary: Mrr. O. E. Ikpi
MINISTRY OF DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION:
Commissioner: Mr. Samuel Esong Ecoma
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND CULTURAL AFFAIRS:
Commissioner: Mr. Joseph Agba
Permanent Secretary: Mr. A. U. Usoro
MINISTRY OF FINANCE:
Commissioner: Mr. Denis Silas Udo Inyang
Permanent Secretary: Mr. A. E. Udoh
MINISTRY OF W3RKS & TRANSPORT:
Commissioner: Emmanuel Essien
Permanent Secretary Mr. E. E. Monjok
MINISTRY OF JUSTICE:
Commissioner and Attorney-General: Mr. Vincent
Uwemedimo


47








KWARA STATE
MILITARY GOVERNOR: Lt. Col. David Bamigboye
Secretary to the Military Govt. Alhaji Liman Umaru
MINISTRY OF FINANCE
Commissioner: Mr. J. 0. Obaro
Permanent Secretary: J. A. Aderibigbe
MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT:
Commissioner: Mr. J. A. Ogbeha
Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. O. Aje
MINISTRY OF HEALTH & SOCIAL WELFARE:
Commissioner; Alhaji A. G. F. Razaaq
Permanent Secretary: Mr. M. A. Icha
MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES:
Commissioner: Alhaji Jimada Pategi
Permanent Secretary: Mr. J. O. Mejabi
MINISTRY OE EDUCATION:
Commissioner: Alhaji S. S. Amego
Permanent Secretary: Mallam Yakubu Gobir
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION
Commissioner: Mr. A. A. Fojule
MINISTRY OF WORKS & SURVEY
Commissioner: Mr. J. I. Obaoye
Permanent Secretary: J. W. B. Bako
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS:
Commissioner: Mallam Attahiru Madawakin
MINISTRY OF ESTABLISHMENT
Commissioner: Mallam Aliyi Kperogi
MINISTRY OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY
Commissioner: Mr. E. O. Bandele
MINISTRY OF JUSTICE
Solicitor General and Permanent Secretary: Mallam
M. B. Belgore


48








THE TWELVE STATES CABINET
NORTH CENTRAL STATE
Military Governor: Col. Abba Kyari
MINISTRY OF HEALTH & SOCIAL WELFARE:
Commissioner: Miss 0. M. Miller
Permanent Secretary: Dr. I. A. Atta
MINISTRY OF WORKS & SURVEY:
Commissioner Alhaji Nuhu Bamali
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Armiya'u
MINISTRY OF FINANCE:
Commissioner: Albaji 1Imaru Dikko
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Abbas Dabo Sambo
MINISTRY OF ANIMAL & FOREST
RESOURCES:
Commissioner: Alhaji Haruna Daura
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS:
Commissioner: Mallani Abrahim Nock
MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT:
Commissioner: Mallan Tagwai Sambo
Permanent Secretary: M. Muh Ibrahim
MINISTRY CE EDUCATION:
Commissioner: Alhaji Hassan R. dadi
Permanent Secretary: Mallam Machido Dalhat
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES:
Commissioner: Alhaji Huhammadu D. Malam
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji M. 1. Smaila
MINISTRY OF JUSTICE
Commissioner: and Attroney G en e r a 1 : Alhaji
Muh Nasir
MINISTRY OF TRADE, INDUSTRY AND
CO-CPERATIVE:
Commissioner: Alhaji Uthman Ladan Baki
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Sani Daura
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION & PUBLIC
ENLIGHTENMENT:
Commissioner: Alhaji Sani Zangon Daura
Permanent Secretary: Alhaji Gidado Idris


49








NORTHERN STATE


Chief Justice: Sir N. V. Reed-Kaduna


Senior Puisne:




Judges:


Justice Mohammed Bello Kaduna
Justice D. L. Bate Jos



Justice M. H. Holden Kano
Justice J. R. Jones Jos
Justice R. Hague Maidugri
Justice J. Wheeler Kano
Justice Hassan Sokoto
Justice Saidu Kawa Ilorin


Chief Magistrates:
J. A. Orshi Jos
S. M. Belgore Kaduna


Magistrates:
U. Maidamma
A. B. Wali
S. Haikawa
K. A. Aroyewun
J. O. Adefila
Adebisi Kolawole
Uthman Mohammed
Adeyinka Adeoye
E. A. Oshe


S.
P.
S.


W. Hague Kano
A. Barreto Maidugri
U. ONU lorin


S. O. Adagun
L. A. Ayorinde
G. O. Osholu
E. A. Adegbite
B. C. Oyibo

Registrars
E. A. Adewuyi
S. U. Mohammed


'50









SHARIA COURT OF APEAL


1. Alhaji Abubakar Mahmud Gummi Grand Kadi,
Northern States of Nig.
2. Alhaji Haliru Binji, Deputy Grand Kadi, N. W.
and Kano group of States, Sokoto.
3. Alhaji Abubakar Mahmud, Deputy Grand Kadi,
N. E. and B/P group of States, Maiduguri.
Alhaji Jibir Daura, Deputy Grand Kadi N. C.
and Kwara group of States, Kaduna.
5. Alhaji Abubakar Zaki, S. C. Judge for N. W.
and Kano group of States, Sokoto.
6. Malam Kura Imma, S. C. Judge for N. E. and
B. /P group of States, Maiduguri.
7. Malam Abubakar Bashir Wali, S. C. Judge for
N. W. and Kano group of States, Kano.
Registrars: 1. Alhaji Muazu Aliyu-North Central
States, Kaduna.
2. Alhaji Umaru Bida- North Western
State, Sokoto.


10th INDEPENDENCE ANNIVERSARY
Gen. Gowon Broadcast to the Nation:
In his October 1 broadcast, the Head of State,
Major General Yakubu Gowon said that the Fede-
ral Military Government has set 1976 as the target
year for completing its political programme for
the nation and returning the country to normal
constitutional government.
He also outlined his government's nine-point pro-
gramme which must be accomplished before handing
over power to civilians.


51








General Gowon said: "The Supreme Military
Council has decided on a programme of the major
takes which it must accomplish before the govern-
ment of the country can be handed over with a full
sense of responsibility. The nine-point programme,
which is to guarantee peace, stability and progress
in the country covers:
the reorganisation of the Armed Forces;
the implementation of the National Development
Plan and the repair of the damage and neglect of
the war;
the eradication of corruption in our national life;
the settlement of the question of the creation of
more states;
the preparation and adoption of a new constitution
the introduction of a new revenue allocation
formula;
conducting a national population census;
the organisation of genuinely national political
parties; and the organisation of elections and install-
ation of popularly elected governments in the states
and in the centre.
General Gowon went on:
"We have been guided in our actions and in pre-
paring this programme by the best interests of the
people of this country especially the new generation.
I charge the youth of this country to demonstrate the
virtues of resolution, dedication and faith. I call parti-
cularly on those who aspire to the future leadership
of this country, to be guided always by the highest
ideals. You shall all have a special role to play in
making Nigeria a great nation and a happier society.
We owe it to our posterity and to African people
everywhere to triumph in our enterprise in nation
building."


52








STATES


NORTH-WESTERN
NORTH-CENTRAL
KANO
NORTH-EASTERN
BENUE-PLATEA U
KWARA
LAGOS
WESTERN
MID-WESTERN
EAST-CENTRAL
SOUTH-EASTERN
RIVERS
NIGERIA


Population

5,733,297
4,098,305
5,774,842
7,893,343
4,009,408
2,399,365
1,443,568
9,487,526
"2,535,839
7,227,559
3,622,591
1,544,313
55,7"70,056


Area in
Sq. Miles

65,143
27,108
16,630
105,300
38,929
28,672
1,381
29,100
14,922
11,310
11,166
7,008
356,669


MO W.


Map of Nigeria Showing the Twelve States


__ _______




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