Citation
Salinity control and reclamation consulting services

Material Information

Title:
Salinity control and reclamation consulting services
Series Title:
Progress report - Salinity control and reclamation consulting services - 65-A
Creator:
West Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority
Place of Publication:
Denver; Lahore
Publisher:
Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc.
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Farming ( LCSH )
Agriculture ( LCSH )
Farm life ( LCSH )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Asia -- Pakistan

Notes

Funding:
Electronic resources created as part of a prototype UF Institutional Repository and Faculty Papers project by the University of Florida.

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Full Text
WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
LAHORE, WEST PAKISTAN
-069
PROGRESS REPORT
NO. 65-A
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION
CONSULTING SERVICES
FIRST QUARTER 196S-66
(July through September)
TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC.
ENGINEERS




WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
LAHORE, WEST PAKISTAN
-069
PROGRESS REPORT
NO. 65-A
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION
CONSULTING SERVICES
FIRST QUARTER 1965--66
(July through September)
TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC.
ENGINEERS




WEST PAKISTAN WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY Lahore, West Pakistan
GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAMS (UPPER INDUS BASIN) PROGRESS REPORT No. 65-A FIRST QUARTER 1965 66
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES PLANNING AND
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC.
Engineers
Denver, Colorado USA Lahore, West Pakiar
CT I0E ER 196 5




6-5-A. 2
WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY Lahore, West Pakistan
GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAMS
(UPPER INDUS BASIN)
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES
PROGRESS REPORT No. 65-A
FIRST QUARTER
1965 -66
Preface
Progress Report No. 65-A is a summary of the work performed by the Planning and
Reclamation Engineering Divisions, and the progress of that work during the First Quarter of 1965-66, July through September.
These offices are a part of the Projects Preparation Division of the Wapda Ground Water and Reclamation Program. Their activities cover all phases of investigation and project planning for the development of irrigation and drainage programs in the Upper Indus Basin.
The 20 million acres involved in these programs are vitally important to the future of Pakistan. The purpose of Wapda's Ground Water and Reclamation Projects is to enhance the agricultural economy of Pakistan.
The Upper Indus Basin's agricultural lands lie between the outwash plains of the foothills of the Himalayas and the command of Panjnad Headworks. These lands have become the agricultural complex of West Pakistan. They are fed by the waters of the Indus River and its tributaries, the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, Beas, and Panjnad Rivers. The problems within the doabs are both regional and unique. Whether the solutions to these problems of salinity control and reclamation involve additional water supplies, adequate drainage, or agricultural planning, they all require a great deal of investigation and analysis.
In these investigational and analytical phases evolve the project planning and reclamation engineering activities of the Engineers, Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc., and the Project Preparation Circle of Wapda. From investigations and analyses come the recommendations, reports, and design criteria for tubewells, the engineering of new irrigation and drainage channels, and the remodelling of existing systems.
From conception to completion, all of these projects require the delicate balance of engineering, economics, and agricultural planning.




PLATE I
N K I N
EsHo 1OO M' AO L o
o A 4
-J A-M MU
SK A S1 ,
TAWEOA g::: is-~ INA D A
DAO4O 4 9-- UAotg...r
q~ SVLEOAKE
.ut 1.*
IL 0
Av T
SCALE OF MILES
q,.- International and Provincial Boundaries
A / -- -Indus Basin Boundary
I Indus Plains within West Pakistan
Project Area
It~d~rTh,
0 WEST PAKISTAN
WArER AND POWER DEvELOPMENT AUTHORITY TIFTON, AND KALMBACH, iNC. ENGINEERS SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION PROJECT NO.
* MAP OF INDUS PLAINS
1 7. 1s To




65-A 3
T A BLE O F CO0N T EN TS
Title Page A ]
Preface A.2
Table of Contents List of Illustrations A.3
Introduction A.4
Description of Plates A.5
General Organization Chart Ground Water and Reclamation Program A.6
Wapda Organization Chart Technical operating Divisions and Consultants A.7 Schedule for Tubewell Projects A.9
Financial Summary A. 10
Staffing Table for the First Quarter 1965-66 A. I
PLANNING DIVISION A. 12
Organizational Chart Supervisory Personnel A. 13
Technical Staff A. 14
Planning Activities for the First Quarter A. 16
REGIONAL PLANNING A. 18
PROJECT PLANNING A. 21
Planning activities for the Second Quarter of Fiscal Year 1965-66 A.24 RECLAMATION ENGINEERING DIVISION A .25
Supervisory Personnel A .26
Technical Staff A .27
Reclamation Engineering Activities for the First Quarter A.28
Surface Drainage Section A.29
Field Engineering Section A .31
Design Engineering Section A .33
Data and Mapping Section A .35
Reclamation activities for the Second Quarter of Fiscal Year 1965-66 A.37
I LL US T RA TION S
Plate 1 Map of Indus Plains Following page A.2
Plate 2 Progress of Regional Planning Operations ofA.20
Plate 3 Ground Water and Reclamation Program IsA.24
Location Map
Plate 4 Ground Water and Reclamation Program ItA.37
Index Map




65-A 4
INTRODUCTION N
The PLANNING and RECLAMATION ENGINEERING Sections of Projects Preparation function independently and concomitantly. Each produces vital information for the other, and together they formulate project reports, design criteria, and the engineering basis for forthcoming ground water and reclamation projects. The Sections are composed of indigenous and expatriate personnel whose assignments cover all phases of investigation and planning in the Ground Water and Reclamation Programs.
The first group, PLANNING, is concerned primarily with the regional planning
activities, ground water and surface water balance, soil and water studies, and the planning of new projects. It is also an agency of investigation; not only for the details concerned with future surface and ground water programs, but also into the operation of present and past reclamation schemes. It provides the guidance for feasible and economical ground water and reclamation projects.
The second group, RECLAMATION ENGINEERING, concerns itself with the physical aspects of reclamation programs. It is this group which provides the working data for the location of irrigation and drainage tubewells, the survey and design of drainage and irrigation works, the production of drawings for construction and planning purposes, and the assembly of information from various sources for all phases of the ground water and reclamation programs.
The following is a brief outline of the offices within each of the groups:
PLANNING RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
IRegional Planning Sections Surface Drainage Section
Engineering Field Engineering Section
Hydrology
Agriculture Design Engineering Section
Economics
Data and Mapping Section
SfProject Planning Sections
This Progress Report will summarize the work performed by each Section during the months of July, August, and September in the First Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66; and the personnel involved in this portion of Projects Preparation.
These Divisions function under the direction of Robert C. Bolger, Projects Manager, Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc., Ground Water and Reclamation Projects. The main office of the Engineer is located at 27 E-1, Gulberg III, Lahore. The Chief of Planning is Dr. P. E. Hildebrand. The Planning offices are located at 141 E-1, Gulberg II!. The Reclamation Engineering offices are located at 31 Main, Gulberg.
Sayyid Hamid, Chief Engineer WAPDA Ground Water and Reclamation Division,
coordinates the ground water and reclamation programs through the Consultants and the Project Director of Planning and Projects Preparation, Khan Abdul Hamid Khan. The Project Director's central office is located at 141 E-1, Gulberg III, Lahore. The Chief Engineer's office is at Sunny View Estate, the main headquarters of the West Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority.




65-A.5
Throughout this Progress Report are a series of four Plates which depict the progress and the boundaries of activities for the Ground Water and Reclamation Program in the Upper Indus Basin. These illustrations show the magnitude and the scope of the overall program to reclaim and to enrich the agricultural economy of Pakistan.
Plate I is a general mop of West Pakistan and border areas, showing the extent of the Indus Plains in West Pakistan. The area of interest for this progress report is principally that land which lies above the Gudu Barrage, and it represents the largest single reclamation undertaking in the world.
Plate 2 is a chart of progress prepared by the Planning Division to show the background and subject studies involved in the preparation of the Regional Plan Report for reclamation and works in the Upper Indus Basin. At present, most of the studies are roughly compiled in the form of basic data which will require considerable time to develop the parameters for the Report.
Plate 3 is an indication of the project areas in general, and their positions in the development program. The progress of project preparation and construction can be seen from this map.
Plate 4 is an Index Map to that portion of the Upper Indus Basin in which the Ground Water and Reclamation Program is concentrated. This map gives more detailed analysis of the culture, communications systems,, and the iru-igation systems of the area. The Projects, Subprojects, and Units of the Ground Water and Reclamation Program are also shown on this Map.




65-A.6
General Organization Chart Ground Water and Reclamation Programs
TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC ENGINEERS
PROJECTS
MANAGER
GENERAL PLANNING RECLAMATION CONSTRUCTION
ENGINEERING SERVICES DIVISION DIVISION DIVISION
Regional Planning Sections Surface Drainage Section
Engineering I
Hydrology Field Engineering Section
Agriculture
Economics
I Design Engineering Section
Project Planning Sections I
1 Data and Mapping Section]




GOVERNOR
WEST PAKISTAN
SECRETARY TO GOVT. OF WEST PAKISTAN IRRIGATION AND POWER DEPARTMENT
I
WEST PAKISTAN WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY CHAIRMAN AND MEMBERS W TR W N
PCWER WING I WATER WING
[GENERAL CONSULTANTSI
General inager Power Consulting Services I
General ------------1
POWER I B P CONSULTING SERVICES GENERAL CONSULTING SERVICES
CHIEF ENGINEER CHIEF ENGINEER CHIEF ENGINEER CHIEF ENGINEER
Indus Basin Projects Ground Water and Water and Soils Development and
Div, Reclamation Div. Investigation Div. Coordination Div.
Project Consultants DIRECTOR GENERAL
CONSULTANTS TIPTON & KALMBACH, INC. CONSULTANTS Planning and
Hunting MacDonald investigations
DESIGNS
DIRECTORATE
PROJECT OPERATIONAL HIEF ENGINEER
-CONSULTA NTS MANAGER CNTUCTIONDELOMN
DEVELOPMENTDIRECTORATE
Planning and Four Regiona
Development M nager dCHIEF ENGINEER
Northern Zone Schemes
DIRECTOR e s D WAPDA
Standards and Designs ORGANIZATONAL CHART Karachi irrigation
ShoingProject (H) L P7 RI NCI P A L- Showing
SInTECHNICAL OPERATING DIVISIONS and~[ j
CONSULTANTS
I I DEELOPMNT '




65-A .8
The following table, "Planning, Preparation and Construction Schedule for Tubewell
Projects", gives the outline of project phasing for the calendar years 1965 and 1966 for WAPDA Projects 2, 3, 4, and 5. More than 7,800 tubewells for irrigation and drainage reclamation are involved to various degrees of completion over this two-year period. This also represents about 75 percent of the tubewell program planned for the Third Five-Year Plan.
The total number of tubewelis planned for each Project is given, also the breakdowns
for the subprojects, units, and contracts are shown with their respective tubewell requirements. Planning has been completed for Projects 2, 3, and 4. Planning is underway on Project 5, and Project 2 is in several stages of Construction and Preparation. Preparation has been completed for portions of Project 3, and Construction is scheduled for the last part of 1965, with an active program throughout 1966. In Project 4, preparation has been delayed somewhat because of the national emergency of defense mobilization. Work was progressing rapidly in field siting along much of the border area. Because of field travel restrictions, preparation has been diverted from the Marala-Ravi Unit to the Mantangwala Unit, the southeastern portion of Project 4.
Throughout this two-year period, Regional Planning will culiminate a number of studies on water use, design criteria, agricultural studies, and related subject studies pertaining to the Ground Water and Reclamation Program into a Regional Planning Report. This culmination of subject reports on a regional basis is scheduled for mid-1966. For details concerning the areas of investigation and concentrated study, see the chart, "Progress of Regional Planning Operations", included with this progress report.




GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAM (UPPER INDUS BASIN)
PLANNING, PREPARATION AND CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE FOR
TUBEWELL PROJECTS
Tubewells 1 9 6 5 1 9 6 6
I I
PROJECT NO. 2 CHAJ DOAB 2,150 I
** Upper Jhelum Subproject 850
** Khadir Unit 205
Lower Jhelum Subproject 900 ,JJrsJr ,rTII li-,
I I
I I
I 1
PROJECT NO. 3 LOWER THAL DOAB 1,500
** Unit 1 500 ill [ II' II
Unit 2 500 Ji' I I I I I
Unit 3 500 l
PROJECT NO. 4 UPPER RECHNA DOAB 2,700
** M- R Unit 300 crj.--I I
i I
PROJECT NO. 5 LOWER RECHNA DOAB 1,500 1 :7 -- 7 -_..-1 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 1m
I I
REGIONAL PLANNING :. .
P0nnhno Preparation Construction
O
0t
** Contracts Signed.
'0




FINANCIAL SUMMARY]
DOLLAR AND RUPEE EXPENDITURES
First Quarter 1965-66
EXPENDITURES
I t e m Period of Report Expenditure During Period Totals To Date
DO LLARS RUPEES DOLLARS RUPEES
TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC. Fiscal Year 63-64
July 1963 through June 1964 480,624 700,500 480,624 700,500
Fiscal Year 64-65 664,892** 553,103 1,145,516** 1,253,603
Letters of Commitments July 1964 through June 1965
st Quarter (July Sept.) 160,576 252,905 641,200 953,405
391 -H-069-3
Issued June 11, 1964 2nd Quarter (Oct. Dec. 156,575 85,445 797,775 1,038,850
TDD _..
$1,037,0000) 3rd Quarter (Jan. -Mar.) 173,435 111,010 971,210 1,149,860
+ 116,500 (Aug. 30, 1965) F 4th Quarter (April -June) 174,306** 103,743 1,145,516* 1,253,603
$1,153,500 Fiscal Year 65-66
July 1965 through June 1966
,U) Ist Quarter (July Sept.) 110,200* 112,585 1,255,716* 1,366,188
Includes $329,596 paid direct to July 30,200
Wapda for period July 1963 August 40,000*
through March 1964. September 40,000*
1. Dollar components are actual expenditures for the periods as reported by Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc.
Rupee components are local expenditures, provisional for the periods, as reported by WAPDA.
* Estimated expenditures based on average and anticipated expenditures for the report period. o,
01
Figures previously reported have been revised after adjustment of additional expenditures relating to the period,
0




65-A. I I
WEST PAKISTAN' WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY Lahore, West Pakistan
GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAMS
STAFFING TABLE FOR FIRST QUARTER 1965 66 July through September
Authorized Average Actual Number Total Man-Hours
Full Strength Number at the End of Worked during Reporting First Quarter First Quarter
PROFESSIONAL
Expatriate 15 13 9 6,820
Pakistani 62 57 58 25,500
Engineers
Geologists
Agronomists
Economists
Hydro logists
SUBPROFESSIO NAL
Expatriate 0 0 0 0
Pakistani 88 81 77 36,500
Overseers
Zil ladars Patwaris
Draftsmen
Tra ce rs
GENERAL SERVICES
Expatriate* 4 4 4 2,600
NO NPRO FESS IO NAL
Pakistani 105 101 100 48,000
Superintendent
Senior Clerks
Stenotypists
Typists
Stenographers Junior Clerks
Peons
Tota Is
Expatriate 19 17 13 8,120
Pakistani 255 239 235 110,000
* 50% charge of "069" activities.




65-A. 4 2
P L A N N I N G
D I V I S 1 0 N




65-A. 13
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES
PLANNING
David W. Greenman*
Dr. P. E. Hildebrand
REGIONAL PLANNING PROJECT PLANNING
S.W. Moo
Economics Section
Dr. P. E. Hildebrand
Hydrology Hydrology Section
Dr. A. T. Corey" Ben M. Pettit, Jr.
Engineering Agriculture Section
Dr. E. C. Olsen Niel A. Dimick
Gilbert N. Haycock Carroll E. Aksamit**
A griculture
Dr. Milton Fireman*
* Transferred to the Denver Planning Office of Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc.,
during the Fourth Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1964-65.
** Resigned during the First Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66.




65-A. 15
TECHNICAL STAFF
PLANNING DIVISION
Personnel Classification
(Continued)
PROJECT PLANNING
ECONOMICS SECTION
Economist Dr. P. E. Hildebrand*
Senior Economist K. R. Qureshi
Junior Economist M. Iqbal Khan
Junior Economist M. Khalid
Junior Economist Khalid Majid
Agronomist (Statistician) M. Fazil Sabir
Junior Research Assistant Ch. Mohd. Saddiq
Junior Research Assistant Kh. K. Hassan
Computer A. Bakhat
Computer Ata Mohammad
Computer I. K. Gul-Ahmod
Computer Ghulam Murtaza
Total Is 1 Chief of Planning*
1 Regional Planning Chief*
1 Project Planning Chief*
6 Section Heads* 1 Agriculturalist*
I Superintending Research Officer
1 Senior Economist 3 Senior Engineers 1 Junior Engineer
I Geologist
3 Junior Geologists
2 Soil and Water Chemists
8 Agronomists
1 Land Reclamation Officer
1 Assistant Land Reclamation Officer
1 Research Assistant
2 Junior Research Assistants
1 Junior Research Officer
1 Statistical Assistant
3 Junior Economists
4 Computers
9 Zilladars 17 Patwaris
69 Technical personnel positions at the end of the First Quarter of the Fiscal
Year 1965-66 (July through September)




65-A. 14
TECHNICAL STAFF
PLANNING DIVISION
Personnel Classification First Quarter
1965 -66
(Pakistani and Expatriate*)
CHIEF OF PLANNING Dr. P. E. Hildebrand*
David W. Greenman* (Denver)
REGIONAL PLANNING S. W. Mao*
Civil Engineer Dr. E. C. Olsen*
Hydrologist Dr. A. T. Corey* (Resigned)
Agronomist Dr. Milton Fireman* (Denver)
Senior Engineer Khalid Mohtadullah
Geologist Mohd. Alam
Soil and Water Chemist Dr. Anwal-ul-Haque
Research Assistant Tariq Shah
Agronomist Miss Shafqat Sultana
PROJECT PLANNING
HYDROLOGY SECTION
Hydrologist Ben M. Pettit, Jr*
Senior Engineer Mohd. Amin **
Senior Engineer Khurshid Ahmad
Junior Engineer Whd. Shahba
Junior Geologist A.R.K. Javed
Junior Geologist Syed Hussain
Junior Geologist Aziz-ul-Rahman
Junior Research Officer Saddiq Hussain
Statistical Assistant Miss Amtul Nasir
AGRICULTURE SECTION
Agronomist Niel A. Dimick*'
Agriculturalist Carroll E. Aksamit* (Resigned)
Superintending Research Officer Dr. Mohd Iqbal
Land Reclamation Officer Khalid Mahmood
Assistant Land Reclamation Officer Mohd. Aslam
Agronomist Nazir Ahmad Kisama
Agronomist Wohsin Nawaz
Agronomist Rohmat Ali
Agronomist Mohd. Akram Khan
Agronomist Abdul Hamid
Agronomist M.A. t0aqbool
Economist Rana Nasib Khan
Soil and Water Chemist Mohd. Aslam
9 Zilladars 17 Patwarls
** Transferred to the head office of Wapda at Sunny View on September 22, 1965 to
serve as Assistant Director of Planning, attached to Deputy Chief Engineer M. Badruddin.,




65-A. 16
P LA NN IN G
The First Quarter of the 1965-66 Fiscal Year was filled with multiple activity for the Planning personnel Office data processing for project preparation was accelerated in &Ony fields due to the limited field investigations that could be made during the national emergency. Because of- the rationing of gasoline supplies and curfew restrictions, much of the effort put forth by Planning was concentrated in the Lahore area on detailed data collection from governmental offices concerning river discharge records, climate, ground water trends and characteristics, and all phases of economic evaluation studies pertaining to agricultural economics and agricultural development.
Several detailed studies emerged from; this precipitation of data, and much of, the detail is given in the chart, "1Progress of Regional Planning Operations", following page 20 of this progress report. Prior to the National Emergency declaration on September 6, 1965 by the President of Pakistan, Mohammad Ayub Khan, extensive field investigations were being made in the areas of Project 5, Lower Rechna Doab, and in acquiring supplemental information for various parts of Project 4, Upper Rechna Doab, and Project 3, Lower Thai Doab. Work was also being done in Project 1, Central Rechna Doab, concerning water balance and water use, along with detailed water quality studies. Data were collected from the tubewells of Project 2, Chaj Doab, and background information for planning and analysis purposes was being gathered from the Project 6 area, the Panjinad.Canal Command of the Bahawalpur region. Incorporated into these project area studies is the extraction of data for regional applications, and these regional studies in turn willI take the form of individual topic reports subsequent to the major undertaking of the Regional Plan Report. This publication is scheduled for completion during the Fourth Quarter of 1965-66 and the First Quarter of the FiscalI Year 1966-67.
For the purposes of relating the progress made by Planning, the activities of the planning group are divided into two phases: (1) Regional Planning, and (2) Project Planning. Because some of the project studies directly affect regional planning aspects,, and those investigations for regional planning purposes often influence project planning to a great degree, the separation of these two functions of Planning is often difficult by category alone. In the previous reports the progress had been discussed by the functions of each Section of the Planning Division of Project Preparation. In this, and in future reports, the activity and progress will be related to the work of the Planning group as a whole unit operating for Wopda under the direction of the Engineer.
During the quarter two expatriates resigned from Planning and this was due primarily to the emergency situation of the war between India and Pakistan, and the separation of the expatriates and their dependents. Dr. A.T, Corey resigned as head of the Hydrology group in Regional Planning, and Carroll E. Aksamit resigned as agriculturalist in the Agriculture Section of Project Planning.
Throughout most of the quarter, Gilbert N. Haycock, of the Design Engineering Section of Reclamation Engineering worked with the Planning group in various phases of data collection and processing of data for regional planning studies and the preparation of background material for Project 5.
The Planning office cooperated with the Water and Soils Investigation Division (WAS ID) of Wapda in a number of ground water studies, and in the preparation of maps depicting the status of the quality and quantity of ground water supplies in the Punjab. In addition to the




65-A. 17
work done with the hydrological aspects of the Punjab, a great deal of effort has been put forth to assist Wasid in the publication of recently surveyed soils data in preparation for regional soil studies concerning soil classification and salinity. The work being done is primarily that of Bari Doab, the last major survey work to be completed by Wasid in the Upper Indus Basin.
Throughout the Quarter special investigations were made for Wapda in the fields of Economics and Agriculture, and data collection. The Planning group collected data from the Irrigation Department, the Ministery for Food and Agriculture (Agriculture Census), the Bureau of Statistics, and from governmental field offices, and farmers in efforts to secure the needed data for regional and project planning studies. Meetings were held with the Chief Engineer, Sayyid Hamid, and the Project Director, Khan Abdul Hamid Khan, in the scheduling of activities and the coordination of the planning efforts. The Chief of Planning, Dr. Hildebrand, and other members of the Engineer's planning staff met with the Projects Manager, Robert C. Bolger, on numerous ocassions to discuss planning problems and policy. The progress reported on the pages following is a record of the cooperative effort of the Planning Division, during the First Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66, July through September.




65-A. 18
REGIONAL PLANNING
The activities of the Regional Planning group and the other members of Planning whose investigations and data collection pertained primarily to regional aspects of the Ground Water and Reclamation Program are given in detail for the First Quarter of 1965-66 in this progress report.
The Regional Planning staff headed by S.W. Mao conducted studies in the fields of canal hydraulics, regional ground water balance, surface water supplies in the Upper Indus Basin, and data collection concerning soil classification, climate, private tubewell development, shallow ground water sources, and irrigation practices. These agricultural and economic surveys were conducted primarily on the same sequence of development as is shown on the "Progress of Regional Planning Operations" chart. This chart shows the degree of progress and the primary steps in the evolution of the Regional Plan Report which is due for publication at the end of the 1965-66 Fiscal Year.
Meetings were held with the World Bank Consultants to parallel the current thinking on
regional planning needs, and with the Harza Master Plan Division to gather additional information on regional surface water and planning aspects of Mangla Dam and Tarbela Dam distribution and allocation of water supplies. Work was done with Wasid on the preparation of regional soils data and to assist them in the completion of the Bari Doab soils analysis. Over 600 photographs of detailed soil information will have to be analyzed and digested into a composite system of data re-, cording and printing of the drafted field information. Ken Gowans of Harza is the principal adviser to Wasid in this soils mapping problem. The field photographs are being traced by the Data and Mapping Section.
Surface water records were obtained from the Discharge Division, with special permission to transport them to the Planning offices for detailed copy work. Records of all primary gaging stations on the rivers and headworks of the Upper Indus Basin were copied in reproducible form and are on record as c usec-day totals for 10-day periods of record. The job required the concentrated effort of many of the planning personnel. The surface water record covers the years 1946 to 1964. The data arerecorded by river sections, with all subsequent diversions and headworks data concerning the surface water supply and withdrawals to the irrigation systems.
Work on the development of information and basic data for the Regional Plan Report has been divided among the Sections and groups within the Planning Division. A phased program is underway to implement the preparation of the Report and subsequent subject studies as scheduled. A large portion of the data is in the process of preliminary alignment and analysis. As activities develop the planning policy and the design criteria is stabilized to reflect the regional data and development needs, the volumes of information gathered will begin to precipitate the form of the Regional Planning Report with all of its aspects of Project development. Accordingly, there has been relatively less progress on the Special Technical Studies as shown on the chart, and which will best proceed to fit the coordination of the overall regional planning program.
During most of the Quarter the activities of the Regional Planning group were confined to field data collection in two areas, (1) Operative canal statistics in Upper Thai and the Right Bank of Indus, and (2) Shallow source ground water quality from private tubewells. Office progress centered around (1) Inventory and tabulation of surface water and canal delivery data, and (2) Revising and re-mapping the ground water table conditions and variations, and (3) Shallow and deep ground water quality and quantity studies and their graphical presentations. Agriculture and economic survey and data compilation got well underway during the report period. Progress was reported in the regional interests of soil classification and land use, crop intensities-patternsyields, land holdings and irrigation practices, and private tubewell development.




65-A. 19
In describing the progress and the work undertaken during the Quarter by the planning group in connection with its regional planning studies, the outline of the "Progress of Regional Planning Operations" chart will in general be followed as closely as possible. The categories of work which fall under the primary and secondary headings, and the progress during the report period are given as follows:
1. Collection, Preliminary Analysis, and Corpilation of Basic Data:
Progress continued on the compilation of basic data and its evaluation concerning the
tubewelI corrosion and incrustation problems. Further studies have been made on the performance of the Project I tubewells.
Extensive work was done on the tabulation of surface water data in a reproducible form. River and Headworks records on a 10-day history were secured for the period of 1946 to 1964 for all the primary gaging stations on the rivers of the Punjab. The work was greatly accelerated during the emergency period when most of the personnel were confined to the Lahore area. The records were obtained from the Discharge Division at MoghuIpura and copied at the 141 E-1 Planning office. The data were recorded systemmatically by river surface water supply and the allocations made to the off-taking irrigation commands. Additional information concerning the historical water supplies was.. prepared from Indus Basin Treaty water records borrowed from Harza. This historical record of surface water supplies in the Punjab rivers was copied to be transmitted to the Denver Planning Office to be analyzed for water balance studies. Headworks data for the Right Bank of the Indus River and for the Wodhapur Headworks which feeds the Central Bari Doab Canal have not yet been collected by the planning group. The head of the CBDC is in Idia, and the record, if availableis maintained by the Irrigation Department of India. However, data on the distributaries making withdrawals in the Pakistan territory are available.
Data pertaining to temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, wind, etc., for stations in the Upper Indus Basin were collected from the Meteorological Department at Lahore. The following records were completed:
Lahore Division 1959-1964
Lower and Upper Jhelum Canals 1964
Haveli Canal 1959-1964
Derajat Circle 1947-1955
Thai Doab (Upper and Lower) 1959-1964
Private tubewell investigations were carried out in Chaj Doab, Rechna Doab, Thai Doab, and the Paninad Command areas. Ground water levels were completed through 1964 for Lower Rechna, Bari and Bahawalpur regions. Information concerning the quality of the groundwater in the Punjab was also brought up to date, and the ground water quality maps were revised to show any new trends in salinity.
All available data on climate from 1947 to present have been obtained. These data will better define the climatic zones of the agricultural development areas and further assist in the planning of water requirements.
Economic background studies in the fields of agriculture, marketing, and development
potentials have incorporated population estimates and requirement projections. Most of the data on regional distribution and consumption of fertilizers have been obtained and the information is now being checked. Work has begun On the aspects of regional consumption patterns and the projected requirements of future agricultural products.
For Bari Doab averages were calculated for TDS values of deep groundwater sources. In the Project 1 area, RSC and Calc. ESP values were made for 101 tubewell water samples for the year 1964




65-A .20
Primarily the collection of field data was restricted severely by the gas rationing and travel restriction imposed during the national emergency period. The concentrated effort on t t6e office processing of the data on hand, and the collection of supplement data from the Lahore area, proved to be very beneficial The progress recorded on the Regional Planning chart on the following page is ample evidence of fle advantage taken to proceed as rapidly as possible in processing the available data.
2. Preliminary Studies and Development of Design Criteria:
Additional studies were made concerning "Aquifer Characteristics and Tubewell Design", and these data are being prepared for the subject report to become a part of the Regional Plan and for use in current project development. A water conveyance system efficiency was initiated on a regional basis.
I Data were collected on the cropping patterns of several districts of the Punjab, and the agricultural statistics published in connection with the Agriculture Census were studied to better understand the development needs and agricultural requirements of West Pakistan in general.
3. Special Technical Studies:
Several studies were made concerning the management of saline ground water areas,
especially in the Vbna Unit of Project 2. Field work was also begun in the collection of water samples from the private tubewells in the saline zone of the Lower Rechna area. The samples will be given a complete analysis by Wasid and the results will be used to supplement other data on shallow ground water.
Five field parties were conducting private tubewell surveys in the Lower Bari Doab area, but they returned because of the civilian gasoline allocation and fuel shortage. These field units are scheduled to be active again in September.
Detailed studies have been made on the hydraulics of mining the ground water supplies, in certain areas..
Further study has been undertaken on the performance of Project 1. Water balance parameters are being analyzed. Data concerning the operation of this project were obtained from '< Wasid, and from the Land and Water management Board.
Linear programming analysis applicable to regional and project levels has been sent to the Texas A&M Data Processing Center. The results obtained have been encouraging and additional programming is forthcoming.




65-A .21
PROJECT PLANNING
Feasibility Reports have been prepared for Projects 1, 2, and 3. During the preceeding Quarter, the Project 4 Report was completed. The final report was printed during the first part of this report period. Project 5, Lower Rechna, is in the immediate processes of data collection and analysis. Economic studies are being prepared and work is being done on field water requirements and project demands for water supplies and drainage. Project 6, the Panjnad Command, is also a target for data collection by the Planning group. Details concerning the progress of work in the project areas is given as follows:
Project One Central Rechna Doab,
Work continued along the distribution systems in search of solutions to the problems of
tubewell design and maintenance. Information was also gathered concerning the use of relatively saline waters for irrigation and mixing purposes. The RSC and CaIc. ESP values for 101 tubewells were worked out the year 1964. A general review was made of the ground water maps, and soils maps were prepared for, the project area.
Project Two Chaj Doab.
In the Mona Experimental Unit, a san-pie survey was made to determine the effect of tubewell water in the saline zone,
Progress was made on the preparation of drainage works and tubewells for the Chaj 2-B area of lower Chaj Doab. Anaylsis of drainage requirements for the saline areas, and for the surface water requirements for this area were also reviewed. Soils maps for the Doab were studied and soil series maps were prepared from Wasid data.
The ground water quality maps for Chai Doab, especially in the areas of tubewell drilling and installation were amended and the water quality trends were related to the Construction Division. Stratigraphic sections for the Upper Jhflum Subproject, prepared along Wasid's well alignments were reviewed in the light of new information pertaining to the stratigraphy of the area obtained from drilling records in the project area.
-- Analog model studies for both the saline and non-saline zones of the Lower Jhelum Canal system of Chaj Doab were completed and sent to the UoS.G.S. Data Processing Center at Pheonix, Arizona, USA, and these studies are scheduled to be processed during the first week of October.' The study undertook to show the effects of various surface water supplies and pumping intensities to different levels of agricultural development, and to reflect the aquifer responses under future management conditions.
Project Three Lower Thai Doab.
The drainage benefits in the Upper Thai area, in the vicinity of the Chasma-Jhelum Link proposed alignments, have been examined and a brief summary prepared. Soils maps for the Lower Thai project area were studied, along with the field siting requirements for tubewells in the areas of the Alipur Unit and the Kot Adu Unit. Precipitation records for the area were collected from the Irrigation Department and the data are part of the regional study. Data collection was done in the Rangpur Unit area.
Project Four Upper Rechna Doab,
The final copies of the Project 4 Report were received from the Data and Mapping Section, and were distributed to Wapda, Wasid, Harza, AID, and other governmental agencies. A total of 270 copies of the report were bound.




PROGRESS OF REGIONAL PLANNING OPERATIONS
1965 1966
Cct JNov Dec Jan IFeb Mar ApJMa y June July Aug Percent of Completion
COLLECTION, PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS, AND COMPILATION OF BASIC DATA
A. HYDROLOGY
Surface Water Supplies
Historic Canal Deliveries
Groundwater Levels
Groundwater Qua lity
Surface Drainage
Geologic Data
B. CLIMATE
Pecipitat;on Temperature
Wind and Humidity
C. AGRICULTURE
Land Area
Soil Classification and Land Use Salin;ty and Alkali Compilatiuns
Crop Patterns ano Intensities
Soil Management Practices
Irrigation Practices
Crop Management Practices
Soil Reclarmation Practices
D. ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY
Transpotation and Communication
Location and Description of Industry
Popu lotion
Consumption Patterns and Requirements
Social and Economic Conditions of Farmers
Marketing of Agricultural Products and Inputs
Land Holdings
Capital Accumulation Potential Credit and Finance of Agriculture
Prices of Agricultural Products /
Cost of Crop Production and Use of Inputs
Crop Acreages, Yield and Production
E. PRIVATE TUBEWELLS
Inventory and Location
Use and Cost
F. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
Inventory and Feed Consumption
Projection of Numbers
Feed Requirements
2. PRELIMINARY STUDIES AND DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGN CRITERIA
Terms of Reference
Water Quality Standards
Consumptive Water Requirements
Leaching Requirements
Cropping Patterns Target Intensities
Aquifer Characteristics
Ground Water Replenishment and Hydrologic Balance
Canal Command Water Requirements
3. SPECIAL TECHNICAL STUDIES
Duty of Water
Groundwater Hydraulics
Horizontal vs. Vertical Drainage
River Gains and Losses
Value of Water
Canal Remodelling Criteria Feasibility of Canal Lining
Tubewell Design
Shallow vs. Deep Tubewells
Ec.-o, c,- cc oi Min;,g
0 . 9e i..~ of r e, 6 ...rat eo --Performance 3i Opermct g Projec:
4. FINAL INTEGRATED STUDIES
Definition of Project Areas
Allocation of Water Supplies and Systems Operation Studies
Regional Hydrologic Balance
Corollary Development
Project Works Cost of Works
Schedule of Development and Budgets
Economic Analysis
5. PREPARATION OF REGIONAL PLAN REPORT
Initial Draft (by Sections) 1
Semi-Final Draft
Final Report
Maps, Charts and Figures




65-A.22
Concentrated effort was put on data collection for the Ivonbtanwala Unit. Mil tery '
activities along the upper border of the project area and throughout most of the Marala-Ravi Unit. prevented the completion of tubewell sites for that contract.
Economic reviews of the Project have been made, and these papers are being studied to... determine their application to the project analysis. Those reviews, when coipeto, will bes mitted to Wapda and Harza.
Project Five Lower Rechna Doab.
The data collection and processing program for the project area was accelerated during the Quarter and marked progress was mode in completing various aspects of project analyses. The following reports were completed:
(1) Consumption patterns, urban/rural population distribution and marketable surplus for the area.
(2) Population estimates for 1965 for the project area with low, medium and high projections for 1990 and 2010.
(3) A study on agricultural holdings number, size and tenancy.
(4) Distribution and use of fertilizers in the project area for the years 1962-64.
Six other subject reports will be completed during the first part of the Second Quarter. These reports are:
(1) The transportation and communications systems.
(2) The marketing of agricultural produce and related problems.
(3) Growth of large and small scale industries.
(4) The availability, use and requirement of agricultural credit in Lower Rechna.
(5) Analysis of private tubewells in Lower Rechna.
(6) Economic and social conditions in the Project Area.
M ps showing tubewell density, cropping intensities, and the tubewell commanded area
in each union council of Lower Rechna have been prepared, along with maps showing the locations of various crops in the project area.
Samples were taken from private tubewells in the saline water zone, and these samples are being analyzed by Wasid. This data will be used to supplement other information on shallow ground water.
Watercourse mapping for the project area was completed up to about 70 percent, The. remaining part of the project area will take approximately two months.
A linear program for Project 5 to aid in the study of water allocation has been prepared.i The program includes water transfer, water availability, and recharge recovery parameters.
&bps were prepared showing water quality, water quality of the private tubewells in the saline zone, and the RSC and SAR values for the ground water of the project area. Deep water quality TDS maps were also prepared for the project report.
A study was completed concerning the acreages and distributions of soil types in Lower Rechna. The boundaries of Wasid's Unit No. 3 maps were marked on chak bandi maps for more detailed analysis. According to the precipitation record, the project area is divided Into two zones:- High rainfall zone (more than 10 inches), and a lower rainfall zone (less than 10 inches).. This information will be used in calculating the water requirements for the areas within the precipitation zones. The effects of the rainfall zones on the area, coupled with the variations in cropping patterns will be used to determine the water requirements of the distributaries and uncommanded areas.




65-A .23
Private tubewell investigations were made in the Tehsils of Toba Tek Singh, Shorkot,
Chiniot, Jhang, and Kabirwala. A detailed statement concerning these wells has been completed.
Several investigations concerning the relationship of the quality of the surface water supplies to the quantity of discharge and use were made during the report period. The graphs were made for discharges and water quality for the headworks feeding or recharging the project area. A few minor changes were made in the 2000 ppm contour in Lower Rechna as a result of further study of the deep water quality data now available.
Economic and engineering evaluation studies for the project area are progressing rapidly, and work has begun on the preparation of Illustrations for the Project 5 Report.
Project Six Panjnad Command.
This project area is that portion of Bahawalpur Plain which receives irrigation waters from
the Panjnad Headworks. This is also the southernmost project in the Upper Indus Basin development. Preliminary surveys have been made concerning the existing wells in the area, their use, and the quality of the ground water.
For the Bahawalpur area Wasid has made ground water investigations. Most of these data were received. Calculations were made for 763 shallow sources and 138 deep sources of ground water supply rating to their RSC, SAR and TDS values.
Maps concerning the irrigation systems for the project area are being collected for supple'mental data to modify the base map of Project 6. Historical surface water supplies, water requirements and distribution practices are also being studied in preparation for an analysis of the project.
For reference details into the locations and relationships of the project areas, see the Ground Water and Reclamation Program Index Map of Projects, Subprojects, and Units,




65-A.24
PLANNING
ACTIVITIES FOR THE SECOND QUARTER OF FISCAL YEAR 1965-66..During the Second Quarter the Planning group will concentrate on the developmentrof
corollary and subject reports for the forthcoming Regional Plan Report, be active in the planning of Project 5, and data collection in the Project 6 area.
The general trend of activities in Regional Planning will be along those linesshown on
the chart. The progress in some areas will be interrupted to await the completion of other subject matter which directly affect the results of these studies. ,The program is generally scheduled to proceed as graphed.
Supplemental analysis studies will be made for areas of Interest in Chaj Doab, Thai Doob,' and Upper Rechna Doab, to implement the progress of water balance and project development.
Soils studies will be continued on a regional and project basis, along with investigations ia quality of ground water supplies, surface water allocations and saline water drainage requirements.
Computer programming will continue to be a major effort, along with the training Of the personnel in the requirements of machine analysis.
Data collection from field and-office sources will be in progress throughout the next
Quarter, and the office processing of data relative to regional planning and project planning will continue on a daily basis.
Subject studies scheduled for completion during the next report period are listed on page 22 of this progress report.




LEGEND *
* PROJECT AND SUBDIVISION BOUNDARIES
PROJECT NO. I CENTRAL RECHNA DOAB MIANWALl
PROJECT NO. 2- CHAJ DOAB
PROJECT NO. 3- LOWER THAL SOAR
PROJECT NO. 4- UPPER RECHNA SOAR
PROJECT NO. LOWER RECHNA DOAB
0 RR JM IM SUB- PaRde ha
:Nu
L! UPPER d@E9LUI
Ri ECT ass orT
'7. 1/ \...........h MARALA.. "w.....o RAVI UNIT -'
STATUS OF CONSTRUCTION
n-m1A .1
lJcONTRACT IN PRT, EPARATION. .
till~~.... 4Z.LT ...Y":
UNDER CONSTRUCTION
COMPLETES WEST PAKISTAN
.--WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY S" o TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC. ENGINEERS
GROtJNID WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAM LOCATION MAP 4
SCALE OF MILES LOCATION MAP




65-A 25
RECLAMATIO N ENGINEERING
DIVISION
(Only the time spent on Regional and Project Planning is chargeable to the Loan)




65-A. 26
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
Bernard D. Murphy (Resigned during the Quarter)
1. Surface Drainage Section M.S. Chaudhry
2. Field Engineering Section Robert J. Crowley 3. Design Engineering Section George H. Geil Gilbert N. Haycock*
4. Data and Mapping Section
Clarence E. Erickson, Jr.
* Transferred to Planning during the Quarter.




65-A.27
TECHNICAL STAFF
R E C L A M A T IO N ENGINEER IN G First Quarter
Personnel Classification 1965 -66
(Pakistani and Expatriate*)
CHIEF RECLAMATION ENGINEER Bernard D. Murphy* (Resigned)
SURFACE DRA!NAGE SECTION
Drainage Engineer (vacancy)
Senior Engineer M. S. Chaudhry
6 Junior Engineers
2 Junior Engineers (vacancies)
Overseers (vacancies)
FIELD ENGINEERING SECTION
Field Engineer Robert J. Crowley*
Senior Engineer Syed Mehboob Hussain Shah
11 Junior Engineers
5 Junior Engineers (Field Siting Trainees)
Land Reclamation Officer
2 Assistant Land Reclamation Officers
3 Zilladars 9 Overseers
Overseers (vacancies)
14 Patwaris
DESIGN ENGINEERING SECTION
Design Engineer George H. Geil*
Design Engineer Gilbert N. Haycock*
Senior Engineer liaz Ahmad Hamayun
5 Junior Engineers
Overseer
DATA AND MAPPING SECTION
Office Engineer Clarence E. Erickson, Jr.*
Senior Engineer ijaz Ahmad Haayun
Junior Engineer Sharaf Sultan
Circle Head Draftsman (vacancy to be filled In October)
Head Draftsman Abdul Rashid
3 Draftsmen
Draftsman (vacancy)
19 Tracers (one is on recall duty with the Army)
-- -- -- ----------------------------T o t a I s : 3 Section Heads* 10 Overseers
1 Design Engineer* 4 Draftsmen
3 Senior Engineers (4 positions) 19 Tracers
28' Junior Engineers 3 Zilladars
1 Land Reclamation Officer 14 Patwarls
2 Asst. Land Reclamation Officers
88) Technical personnel at the end of the First Quarter 1965-66,
(July through September).




65-A. 28
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
During the First Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66 the Reclamation Engineering Division worked on tubewell location programs for Project 2, Project 3, and Project 4. Reviews were made of engineering drawings and design details for tubewell and drainage works. Documents were completed and published for the Project 4 Report, Alipur tubewell Contract Documents, and the Upper Jhelum tubewell Contract Documents. Khadir tubewell Contract Documents were made ready for final assembly and spiral binding.
Field investigations and surveys were showing the effects of the restricted activity during the report period due to the national emergency situation and military activity along-the border areas. Gas rationing proved difficult for the field vehicles, and some of them were requisitioned for military duty. The field siting activities in the Marala-Ravi Unit of Project 4 were limited to the Begum Pur distributary area, and as a result the firm tubewell locations necessary for the execution of the drilling program in that area were not completed. A shift of personnel was made to the Moangtanwala Unit, which covers the area south of the Lahore-Sheikhupura road between Degh Nallah and the Ravi River.
Bernard D. Murphy, chief engineer of the Reclamation Division, resigned during the last month of the report period. Gilbert N. Haycock of the Design Section worked throughout the Quarter with the Planning Division in the collection and analysis of data for regional planning and project studies on soils and hydrology.
No drainage survey work was done on additional drainage works, because the existing alignment surveys for proposed drains ore well ahead of any future construction schedule that may be proposed. Field investigations were made however on the progress of existing contracts and drainage works.
Meetings were held with the Projects Manager, Deputy Chief Engineer Sardar Allah
Bakhsh, Chief Engineer Sayyid Hamid, and Project Director Khan Abdul Haomid Khan, in coordination of the tubewell and reclamation programs. Field surveys and siting schedules were diicussed along with personnel requirements. Plans are implemented to proceed as rapidip as possible along the charted course of the Ground Water and Reclamation Program.
Field engineering and tubewell siting done in the Project 3 area has progressed on schedule, with firm siting for the Alipur Unit and intensive work on the siting of tubewells in the Kot Adu Unit. Data collection for the Rangput Unit and the preliminary siting of tubewells in that area progressed without delay throughout the report period.
The five new junior engineers which reported to the Field Engineering Section were assigned to on-the-job-training in the Upper Jhelum Subproject area of Chaj Doab.
Work is being done for Wasid on the compilation and detailed drafting of soils data for Bari Doab. The job of tracing the pencilled sketches of detailed soils information from aerial photographs is expected to take about two months for the 600 photo-enlargements of the Bari Doab area. Four tracers and one draftsman are working full-time on the project which is being supervised by Wasid and Ken Gowans of Harza.
The progress for the report period is given by Section for project and office engineering
functions for the separate Projects under the Ground Water and Reclamation Program. Reference can be made to the map of the Indus Basin, the Location Map of Construction Progress, and the Index Map of the Projects, Subprojects, and Units for details into the locations and relationships of the projects to the development program in the Upper Indus Basin.




65-A.29
SURFACE DRAINAGE SECTION
The Surface Drainage Section functioned under the direction of the Senior Engineer, M. S. Chaudhry. Two field parties were transferred from Surface Drainage to do field siting and bench mark survey work for the Field Engineering Section in the areas of Marola-Ravi Unit and Mangtanwala Unit of Chaj Doab. Office engineering functions continued on the finalizing of detail for the Ghazi Ghat and Main Branch Drain in Project 3, and clean-up work was progressing in Chaj Doab on Mangat Drain in the UJC area for survey details and preparation of drawings.
In addition to the other active drainage works, about 40 miles of drains are proposed for the UJC area, and 20 miles of remodelling on the P-R-K survey. The proposed works in the UJC include Daul, Pindi Lala Extension, Siwa, Thatta Pur, 1-R of Thatta Pur, 2-R of Gakhar, 3-R of Gakhar, 1-L of Dhanola, Dok Murad, and Majra Drains.
Office siting has been prepared for the Mangtanwala Unit (500 tubewells) in Project 4. Data concerning outlets, water requirements, and the preparation of a tubewell location base map are nearly completed.
The progress of work for the Section is reported by Project as follows:
CHAJ DOAB Design alignment and profile surveys were completed on the modified alternate
PROJECT 2 of the Mangat Drain near the tail of Rattowal Minor.
Depth to subsurface water levels continued to be collected for the hydrologic data necessary for evaluation of the Chot-Rukan watershed. Subsurface water level observations were completed for Mangat Drain (9 miles). The work on the construction of 28 G.T. Stations and protected Bench Marks for the Survey of Pakistan for new photographic surveys was suspended during the first part of the Quarter due to heavy rains. Construction was resumed by the end of July but only three stations were to be constructed at that time.
At the beginning of the Quarter, two field parties from Surface Drainage were working in tubewell siting and data collection in the Marala-Ravi Unit of Project 4. These crews were later shifted to the Mangtanwala Unit as field activities became almost impossible in the M-R area.
Preliminary plotting of alignment details of Pandowal and Bhiki Branch Drains were
completed. Magnetic bearings of the Pandowal Drain were corrmputed,and the field data regarding the bench marks and profiles of the Gojra, Pandowal, Bhikhi, Beko Outfall and Mangat Drains were checked.
Design alignment and profile survey work was completed on the modified alternate of
Rukan Drain at the point of the metalled road crossing. The layout of preliminary design details and checking of drafted prints continued in progress throughout the report period.
LOWER THAL DOAB
PROJECT 3 The Plan and Profile sheets of the Ghazi Ghat Main and Branch Drains were
completed and seht to the Design Section. Inlet locations were finalized along this drainage system. Seven penetration tests were performed at sites of proposed V.R. bridges along the Kot Adu Main Drain.
Chak Bandi maps of the Rangpur Unit were collected for use in office siting of fubewells in that area. Two copies of the maps were sent to the Project Engineer, Gene White, for use at Multan. A base map of this Unit on the mosaic scale of 1.5 inches to 1 mile was prepared and sent to the Project 3 office at Muitan for use in field and office siting of the tubewell unit.




65-A.30
UPPER RECHNA DOAB
PROJECT 4 Preliminary office siting for 125 tubewells in the Mangtanwala Unit were
completed during the month of September, and 75 were completed in August. The preparation of the base map for tubewell locations is nearly completed and additional field work needs to be done in the area between the Degh Diversion Channel and the LahoreSheikhupura road. About 500 tubewells have been scheduled for this area, and the Project 4 Contractorw ill most likely shift to the Mangtanwala area in the event that construction work is shut down in the Mtrala-Ravl Unit.
Outlet register data was collected from the Irrigation Department at Sheikhupura, and the information has been processed. Culturable area and gher mumkan figures were obtained for nearly all of the outlets, and the irrigation boundaries of the outlet chaks were marked on the chak bandi maps.
LOWER RECHNA DOAB
PROJECT 5 Data collection continued in progress up to the time of the national emergency. Field work was suspended during the war, because of curfew and gas rationing restrictions.
A base map was obtained from the Irrigation Department, and maps were received from the Lyalipur Drainage Division and Jaranwala Drainage Division of the Lyalipur Drainage Circle. The boundaries of project 5 were marked on the drainage maps. The existing and proposed drains, as proposed by the Irrigation Department, were plotted on the base map of Project 5. The junior engineer, Rashidul Qamar Khan, made another trip to Lyallpur to collect surface drainage information from the drainage divisions. Some preliminary studies concerning the drainage requirements of the Project 5 area have been made and these will be integrated into the basic data for the Project 5 Report.




65-A.31
F FIELD ENGINEERING SECTIO N
Project tubewell siting reported progress in the two offices, Multan and Lahore, and tubewell location maps have been prepared for all areas where the siting program is active.
Robert Crowley directed the field and office siting of tubewells in Project 2 and Project 4, assisted by Syed Mehboob Hussain Shah, Senior Engineer. The work in Project 3 was under the direction of Gene White, Project Engineer for Project No. 3, and the Senior Engineer, M. Ataur-Rehman.
Progress for the Section is recorded by Project, Subproject, and Unit for all the tubewell projects now underway. The progress is as follows:
PROJECT NO. 2 (Chaj Doab)
Upper Jhelum Subproject:
BUSAL UNIT (250 Tubewells)
A total of 250 sketch and data forms concerning tubewell sites and well data have been transmitted to the Construction Division.
PHALIA UNIT (310 Tubewells)
A total of 190 sketch and data forms concerning tubewell sites and well data have
been transmitted to the Construction Division. Field siting, distribution and office processing is being completed for 14 and 15 --R Distributaries.
SOHAWA UNIT (260 Tubewells)
250 site sketch and Data forms have been sent to the Construction Division. Fifteen tubewell sites have been located in an uncommanded area along the Lower Jheium Canal, Private tubewell owners in the area objected to the installation of WAPDA Tubewells. The objections will be investigated in the field.
PROJECT NO. 3 (Lower Thal Doab)
KOT ADU UNIT (500 Tubewells)
Chak bandi office sitings for 200 tubewell locations have been completed. The field siting and distribution have been completed for 110 tubewells.
A LIPUR UNIT (500 Tubewells)
The field mapping of existing watercourses has been completed for 500 tubewells.
Final office siting has been done for 110 tubewell locations, and the field siting and distri8ution work has been done for 65 wells.
RANGPUR UNIT (500 Tubewells)
Data collection has been completed for the Rangpur Unit, and chok bandi office siting details have been completed for 350 preliminary sites,
PROJECT NO. 4 (Upper Rechna Doab)
MARALA-RAVI UNIT (400 Tubewells approximately)
Office siting has been completed for 35 tubewell sites, and 15 of the sites have been




65-A. 32
sent to the field for various checking of data in the preparation of the final tubewell sites. Work in the Marala-Ravi Unit was begun with the issuance of private tubewell notices on the 16th of July. Vehicles and personnel were shifted to the project area to expedite the field siting in preparation for the construction program by the Contracter, Geoistrazivanjo.
After the national emergency proclamation on the 6th of September, field work was
virtually impossible in the Mtrala-Ravi Unit. For a time the field siting activities were shifted to the area of Begum Pur, Kotli and Phadiar Distributaries in the central portion of the Unit away from the border. Travel, transportation, and gas rationing, and the time element for the preparation of tubewell sites forced the active field siting to go to the Mangtanwala Unit south of the Lahore Sheikhupura highway.
Office engineering functions continued throughout the report period with the preparation of tubewell location base maps from mosaics and photo-enlargements. Maps for all of the tubewell units and active projects have been completed. These maps have been furnished to the construction and planning groups, and to field offices whenever they are completed. Revisions are also published and the tubewell maps are issued to show progress in the fields of office siting, preliminary tubewell locations and the final sites of the proposed and constructed tubewe I Is.
Forms were made for the recording and inventory of tubewell siting data. These forms
and the original records are maintained in several stages of progress with the Field Engineering-, Section.
Field personnel of the siting group were transferred to the Project 5 area for data collection and work relating to the preparation of data for project planning purposes. The two crews and their vehicles are on temporary assignment.




65-A .33
DESIGN ENGINEERING SECTION
The work of the Design Engineering Section was primarily centered around the drainage contract areas of Project 2 and Project 3. Work on the production of engineering drawings continued in progress, this was true for the standard drawings as well as new drawings depicting field conditions and design data for proposed drainage systems.
This Section supervised the detailed drafting of many of the engineering drawings and design drawings. This was done through the activities of the senior engineer, Ijaz Ahmad Hamayun, and the junior engineer, Mohd. Fai.z.
Progress continued on the supervision of the modification of drawings for contract
documents in Project 2 (Chot-Rukan and Bhera-Mona systems), and for Project 3 (Kot Adu Main Drain, Ghazi Ghat Main Drain and Ghazi Ghat Branch Drain). Inspections were made of the works in progress
Revisions were made on the following drawings which were transmitted to the Denver Office: Construction of Tubewells: "Installation of Casing and Pump,-Fiberglass Tubewell Casing"; "Pump House,-Plan, Sections and Details"; and "Discharge Box Installation,-Plans, and Sections .
Construction drawing 2-208-2, "Mona Drain R.D. 1+900, Fall Structure Cum V.R. Bridge", was completed.
Copies of all engineering drawings required by the Construction Division and Wapda were supplied on a request basis throughout the Quarter.
Progress for the drainage works is reported by Doab and Drain, as follows:
CHAJ DOAB:
C hot and Rukan Drains, and Mana-Bhera System:
On an inspection trip to Chot-Rukan and Mona Drains by Engineer Olin Kalmbach, and Projects Manager Robert C. Bolger, the problems of the drainage system in general were investigated. It was strongly recommended that the Fall Structure on Mona Drain at R.D. 1+900 be constructed as soon as possible to halt the retrogression of the channel vWhch is endangering the siphon structure on Chot Drain crossing the Lower Jhelum Canal. It was also suggested that if possible the two fall structures on Rukan Drain be included with the fall on< Mona Drain.
Quantity and cost estimates were made for the Fall Structures on Rukan Drain at R.D. 0+180 and 3+400, and Mona Drain at R.D. 1+900 for the purpose of Wapda's negotiating a contract to construct these three structures.
. Contract Documents were completed for Contract 2-208, "Bhera-tana Drainage System, Construction of Structures". The master copy of the Contract Documents was compiled and is ready for reproduction and issuing of Notice for Tender whenever necessary. In compliance with Wapda instructions, this contract will not be advertised this year.
A new drawing was prepared to show the construction of wing walls and brick pitching open for the existing siphon crossing the L.J.C. by the Chot Drain,
THAL DOAB:
Kot Adu Main Drain, and Ghazi Ghat Main Drain systems:
Assignments were made to drill auger holes, make visual classification of ioils,.and to perform standard penetration tests at all bridge sites. This work was essentially completed during the Quarter, for Kot Adu Main Drain Contract 3-204. For Contract 3-205 it was




65-A .34
necessary to re-evaluate the necessity, size and proposed location for three inlets and one bridge site on this drain (Kot Adu Main), because of a change in alignment by the Project Engineer.
Due to these changes in alignment of Kot Adu Main Drain as finally staked out in the field, the need for inlets at R.D. 17+340, 40+750, and 44+350 were re-analyzed. Upon the review of the tributary drainage areas as indicated on the chak bandi maps, it was decide to eliminate the inlet proposed at R.D. 44+350 and to include the other two as originally proposed.
Additional borings and standard penetration tests were made at all proposed bridge sites to determine safe foundation bearing values. From the results of the foundation investigation, it was determined that the foundation material at R D. 21+050 would not support the pier and abutments as originally proposed (including 12" addition to toe of abutment). A multiple box culvert using foundation alternate X has therefore been substituted at this site. The correct elevations for abutments and piers for all the other bridges were determined from these soil investigations.
Alignments of Ghazi Ghat Main and Branch Drain were laid out on aerial photographs to determine the upper extremity or cutoff points.
The Design Engineering Section maintained the progress charts and the program schedules for the engineering office. Monthly reports were prepared to the Project Director relating the progrces of work and personnel requirements.




65-A. 35
DATA AND MAPPING SECTION
The Data and Mapping Section served as a general service unit for the Construction
Divison, Reclamation Engineering Division, and Planning Division, in providing the drawings and data needed for their.activities on a direct daily basis. The work of the Section for the report period is recorded by the following categories (1)Publication of Documents, (2)Data Collection, and (3) Office Engineering.
(1) PUBLICATION OF DOCUMENTS:
Progress Report No. 64-D was completed and copies were distributed to Wapda and the Consultants. The report contained the summary of progress for the Planning and Reclamation Engineering Divisions for the Fourth Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1964-65, April through June, and the work done applicable to the "Salinity Control and Reclamation Consulting Services" covered under the "069" AID agreement. The copies given to Dr. Haneef, Technical Director Wapda, were in turn transmitted to the Director General, Planning and Investigations, which assembled a composite progress report with progress summary from Harza. The two reports were published under one cover.
The Pro ject 4 Report was completed and 270 copies were assembled and spiral bound. The text and illustrations were prepared at Istaqlal Press. The color plates were supplied by the Denver Office, with the exception of Plates 22 and 23. Copies of the report, along with the supplemental documents of "Loan Application" and Project Proforma were transmitted to Wapda for distribution. Copies of the report were also distributed to the staff of the Engineer and the Planning and Construction Sections. Reprints were made of Plate 1, "Mop of Indus Plains", because of the demand for this color illustration to be used in other publications and for the Proforma and Loan Application documents. That same illustration is also included in this progress report. The final assembly trimming and spiral binding of the Project 4 Report were done at Wapda Press. The entire process from printing to binding took approximately five days.
Contract Documents were prepared for the Alipur Unit of Project 3. Some 100 copies of the report were bound and returned to the Construction Division. The illustrations and gray covers for the reports were made by this Section through the efforts of Istaqlal Press. The offset printing and press work is supervised by the Section's Head Draftsman, Abdul Rashid.
Contract Documents were brought up to date by the Construction Division for the Upper Jhelum Subproject. Illustrations were prepared for offset printing, and the text was made via duplicating machine. One hundred copies of the report were assembled, and 60 copies were bound for distribution.
Illustrations and text were prepared for the re-printing of the Contract Documents for the Khadir Tubewell Unit. The report has been assembled. However, certain inserts still need to be made before the report can be bound. All covers and necessary illustrations have been printed.
Illustrations were prepared for the Progress Report No. 35 of the Construction Division, for the month of August 19650 Color figures and progress charts were corrected to show recent progress, and the illustrations were printed by offset press. The text and assembly were done b y the Construction Division.




65-A .36
(2) DATA COLLECTION:
Concentrated effort was made on the acquisition of published data on Economics of agriculture and development in West Pakistan, and reports on irrigated agriculture and water requirements. The offices of the Minstery for Food and Agriculture (Agriculture Census), the Bureau of Statistics, Irrigation and Drainage Departments, and Consultants to Wapda, and other governmental and cooperative agencies," released dataa required for the background studies relating to the development of the Regional Plan Report for the Upper Indus Basin. The data were conveyed to the Planning Division.
The Junior Engineer, Sharaf Sultan, and two tracers went to Trlmmu, Kot Adu, Jhang, Khanewal, and the Bahawaipur region to collect Irrigation Department Index Maps and other data for Lower Rechna (Project 5), Lower Thai (Project 3), and the Panjnad Command (Project 6).
River discharge data were obtained from the Superintending Engineer of the Discharge
Division at Moghulpura in Lahore, with special permission to transmit the records to the 141-E-1 Planning office for detailed copy work. Forms were prepared for recording the data on reproducible radio bond. The Planning staff controlled the task of completing the records for the rivers of the Punjab and returning the data to the Discharge Division.
(3) OFFICE ENGINEERING:
Soils maps are being prepared for Wasid from pencil tracings of detailed aerial photographic surveys of Bari Doab. The task is primarily one of Inking the mylar sheets and doing the necessary machine lettering work. There are some 600 photographs containing soils data for Bari Doab and the completion of the job will probably be realized during the middle of the next Quarter. The job requires the efforts of four tracers and one draftsman working full". time to complete the program. The job is being supervised by the overseer for each subdivi-i sion of the Wasid breakdown of Bari Doab. Ken Gowans of Harza is the special technical adviser on the soils mapping project. The work must be completed on Bari Doob before data can be published concerning regional soil classification and salinity.
The drafting room personnel prepared engineering drawings and tubewelI location maps for the Reclamation Engineering Division. Special illustrations for subject reports by the Planning Division and the Project Director's office were prepared on request throughout the report period. Soils maps were colored showing the Wasid data by color code for the Planning office. A record was maintained of the aerial photographs, and a ready reference enabled the extraction needed photographs to be easily made. The some was true for the Survey of Pakistan sheets.
Incoming maps concerning the irrigation systems and agricultural development were put into the filing system, and recorded for future use. The routines of blueprinting and photocopy work progressed on a day-to-day requirement basis.
The position of Circle Head Draftsman was vacant for nearly four months. During that time the supervision of the drafting staff has been done primarily by the Senior Engineeringdad the Junior Engineer. A new Circle Head Draftsman will report for duty during the first part of the Second Quarter.
For details concerning the relative locations of the project areas, consult the data shown on Plate 2, following page 24 of this report; and the more detailed base map Of the" Punjab irrigation and communications system following pa" 37
* *r




65--A .37
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
ACTIVITIES FOR THE SECOND QUARTER OF FISCAL YEAR 1965-66
The schedule of activities for the next quarter will be a continuation of the work that was in progress during this report period. Work will continue on the modification of drawings for structure contracts and drainage excavation.
In Project 2, the excavation work will continue by the Machinery Pool Organization for the Chot-Rukan Drainage system, The MPO contract was started last May and the work is scheduled for one year. Similarily, MPO has the contract to do the excavation on the Bhera-Mana system, but no work has been done on the one-year project.
Tubewell siting will continue in the Upper Jhelum Subproject and along the fresh water zones of the 2-B area.
For Project 3, Contract Documents for Ghazi Ghat Main Drain and Branch Drain will be prepared. A general review will be made of the Kot Adu Main Drain excavation and construction development to keep up with field conditions and design requirements. The modification of drawings to meet local construction problems will also be a part of the activities for the Second Quarter. Tubewell siting will be progressing in Kot Adu, Alipur and Rangpur Units.
Project 4 will show increased activity in the Mangtanwala Tubewell Unit concerning the preparation for firm tubewell locations for drilling purposes. Data collection will continue throughout the Project 4 area, and work may be resumed in the field siting of wells for the Marala-Ravi Unit in fulfillment of the Barter contract as scheduled. These field jobs depend primarily on travel restrictions and the possibility of further military activities along the border areas.
Data collection will be in progress for Project 5, Lower Rechna, and the preparation of semi-final illustrations for the text of the Project 5 Report will be underway. The completion of the project base map for the report illustrations will begin to precipitate the data in final form use in the project report. Special engineering studies co~pcerning tubewell sites, drainage requirements, etc., will be made by the Engineering group in cooperation with the Planning staff.
The tracing work on the soils maps of Wasid will continue for the Bari Doab area. Blueprint copies of the maps will be made, and the job should be completed during the next quarter. The production of drawings and making of blueprints for all the sections of Project Preparation will continue on a daily demand basis.




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