• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Preface
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Description of plates
 General organizational chart: ground...
 Wapda orgainzational chart: technical...
 Schedule for tubewell projects
 Financial summary
 Staffing table for first quater...
 Planning division
 Reclamation engineering divisi...






Title: Salinity control and reclamation consulting services
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00023154/00003
 Material Information
Title: Salinity control and reclamation consulting services
Series Title: Progress report - Salinity control and reclamation consulting services - 65-A
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: West Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority
Publisher: Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc.
Publication Date: July-September 1965
 Subjects
Subject: Farming   ( lcsh )
Agriculture   ( lcsh )
Farm life   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: Asia -- Pakistan
 Notes
Funding: Electronic resources created as part of a prototype UF Institutional Repository and Faculty Papers project by the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00023154
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        A 1
    Preface
        A 2
        A 2a
    Table of Contents
        A 3
    Introduction
        A 4
    Description of plates
        A 5
    General organizational chart: ground water and reclamation program
        A 6
    Wapda orgainzational chart: technical operating divisions and consultants
        A 7
        A 8
    Schedule for tubewell projects
        A 9
    Financial summary
        A 10
    Staffing table for first quater 1965-66
        A 11
    Planning division
        A 12
        Organizational chart: supervisory personnel
            A 13
        Technical staff
            A 14
            A 15
        Planning activities for the first quater
            A 16
            A 17
            Regional planning
                A 18
                A 19
                A 20
            Project planning
                A 21
                A 21a
                A 22
                A 23
        Planning activities for the second quarter of fiscal year 1965-66
            A 24
            A 24a
    Reclamation engineering division
        A 25
        Supervisory personnel
            A 26
        Technical staff
            A 27
        Reclamation engineering activities for first quarter 1965-66
            A 28
            Surface drainage section
                A 29
                A 30
            Field engineering section
                A 31
                A 32
            Design engineering section
                A 33
                A 34
            Data and mapping section
                A 35
                A 36
            Reclamation engineering activities for the second quarter 1965-66
                A 37
                A 38
Full Text



WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
LAHORE, WEST PAKISTAN






-069-
PROGRESS REPORT
NO. 65-A


SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION
CONSULTING SERVICES


FIRST QUARTER
1965-66
(July through September)


TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC.
ENGINEERS







WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
LAHORE, WEST PAKISTAN







-069-
PROGRESS REPORT
NO. 65-A


SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION
CONSULTING SERVICES


FIRST QUARTER
1965-66
(July through September)






TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC.
ENGINEERS





(5-A. 1


WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
Lahore, West Pakistan






GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAMS

(UPPER INDUS BASIN)

PROGRESS REPORT

No. 65-A

FIRST QUARTER

1965 66


SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION


CONSULTING SERVICES


PLANNING

AND


RECLAMATION


ENGINEERING


TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC.
Engineers


Denver, Colorado USA


Lahore, West Pakisar.


OCTOIER 1 9 6 5





65-A.2


WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
Lahore, West Pakistan



GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAMS

(UPPER INDUS BASIN)

SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES

PROGRESS REPORT No. 65-A

FIRST QUARTER

1965 -66




Preface

Progress Report No. 65-A is a summary of the work performed by the Planning and

Reclamation Engineering Divisions, and the progress of that work during the First Quarter of
1965-66, July through September.
These offices are a part of the Projects Preparation Division of the Wapda Ground Water
and Reclamation Program. Their activities cover all phases of investigation and project plan-
ning for the development of irrigation and drainage programs in the Upper Indus Basin.
The 20 million acres involved in these programs are vitally important to the future of
Pakistan. The purpose of Wapda's Ground Water and Reclamation Projects is to enhance the
agricultural economy of Pakistan.
The Upper Indus Basin's agricultural lands lie between the outwash plains of the foot-
hills of the Himalayas and the command of Panjnad Headworks. These lands have become the
agricultural complex of West Pakistan. They are fed by the waters of the Indus River and its
tributaries, the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, Beas, and Panjnad Rivers. The problems
within the doabs are both regional and unique. Whether the solutions to these problems of
salinity control and reclamation involve additional water supplies, adequate drainage, or agri-
cultural planning, they all require a great deal of investigation and analysis.
In these investigational and analytical phases evolve the project planning and reclama-
tion engineering activities of the Engineers, Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc., and the Project Pre-
paration Circle of Wapda. From investigations and analyses come the recommendations, reports,
and design criteria for tubewells, the engineering of new irrigation and drainage channels, and
the remodelling of existing systems.
From conception to completion, all of these projects require the delicate balance of
engineering, economics, and agricultural planning.




PLATE I


^^ ^



1-M -it-^
W i-n:. e

^ -*"* -. l *-'** *aa*
^-^s ^


4,
Zr-DLY


SCALE OF MILES


international and Provincial Boundaries -"-

--- Indus Basin Boundary


SIndus Plains within West Pakistan


SProject Area


-'It-
WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
TIPON AND KALMBACH, INC.- EENINEERS
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION
PROJECT NO.
-M*-
MAP OF INDUS PLAINS


i I I TX 43. -351, o-7S1


V
HP
VF
-U


it


4,
I.
li*





65-A.3


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page A o
Preface A.2
Table of Contents List of Illustrations A.3
Introduction A.4
Description of Plates A.5
General Organization Chart Ground Water and Reclamation Program A.6
Wapda Organization Chart Technical operating Divisions and Consultants A.7
Schedule for Tubewell Projects A.9
Financial Summary A.10
Staffing Table for the First Quarter 1965-66 A.11
PLANNING DIVISION A.12
Organizational Chart Supervisory Personnel A.13
Technical Staff A. 14
Planning Activities for the First Quarter A.16
REGIONAL PLANNING A.18
PROJECT PLANNING A.21
Planning activities for the Second Quarter of Fiscal Year 1965-66 A.24
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING DIVISION A.25
Supervisory Personnel A.26
Technical Staff A.27
Reclamation Engineering Activities for the First Quarter A.28
Surface Drainage Section A.29
Field Engineering Section A.31
Design Engineering Section A.33
Data and Mapping Section A.35
Reclamation activities for the Second Quarter of Fiscal Year 1965-66 A.37


ILLUSTRATIONS

Plate 1 Map of Indus Plains Following page A.2
Plate 2 Progress of Regional Planning Operations A.20
Plate 3 Ground Water and Reclamation Program A.24
Location Map
Plate 4 Ground Water and Reclamation Program A.37
Index Map




65-A,4


INTRODUCTI N

The PLANNING and RECLAMATION ENGINEERING Sections of Projects Preparation
function independently and concomitantly. Each produces vital information for the other,
and together they formulate project reports, design criteria, and the engineering basis for
forthcoming ground water and reclamation projects. The Sections are composed of indigenous
and expatriate personnel whose assignments cover all phases of investigation and planning in
the Ground Water and Reclamation Programs.
The first group, PLANNING, is concerned primarily with the regional planning
activities, ground water and surface water balance, soil and water studies, and the planning
of new projects. It is also an agency of investigation; not only for the details concerned with
future surface and ground water programs, but also into the operation of present and past
reclamation schemes. It provides the guidance for feasible and economical ground water and
reclamation projects.
The second group, RECLAMATION ENGINEERING, concerns itself with the physical
aspects of reclamation programs. It is this group which provides the working data for the loca-
tion of irrigation and drainage tubewells, the survey and design of drainage and irrigation
works, the production of drawings for construction and planning purposes, and the assembly of
information from various sources for all phases of the ground water and reclamation programs.

The following is a brief outline of the offices within each of the groups:

PLANNING RECLAMATION ENGINEERING

Regional Planning Sections Surface Drainage Section

Engineering Field Engineering Section
Hydrology
Agriculture Design Engineering Section
Economics
Data and Mapping Section
SProject Planning Sections

This Progress Report will summarize the work performed by each Section during the
months of July, August, and September in the First Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66; and
the personnel involved in this portion of Projects Preparation.
These Divisions function under the direction of Robert C. Bolger, Projects Manager,
Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc., Ground Water and Reclamation Projects. The main office of the
Engineer is located at 27 E-1, Gulberg III, Lahore. The Chief of Planning is Dr. P. E.
Hildebrand. The Planning offices are located at 141 E-1, Gulberg III. The Reclamation
Engineering offices are located at 31 Main, Gulberg.

Sayyid Hamid, Chief Engineer WAPDA Ground Water and Reclamation Division,
coordinates the ground water and reclamation programs through the Consultants and the Project
Director of Planning and Projects Preparation, Khan Abdul Hamid Khan. The Project Director's
central office is located at 141 E-1, Gulberg III, Lahore. The Chief Engineer's office is at
Sunny View Estate, the main headquarters of the West Pakistan Water and Power Development
Authority.
*





65-A.5


Throughout this Progress Report are a series of four Plates which depict the progress and
the boundaries of activities for the Ground Water and Reclamation Program in the Upper Indus
Basin. These illustrations show the magnitude and the scope of the overall program to reclaim
and to enrich the agricultural economy of Pakistan.
Plate 1 is a general map of West Pakistan and border areas, showing the extent of the
Indus Plains in West Pakistan. The area of interest for this progress report is principally that
land which lies above the Gudu Barrage, and it represents the largest single reclamation under-
taking in the world.
Plate 2 is a chart of progress prepared by the Planning Division to show the background
and subject studies involved in the preparation of the Regional Plan Report for reclamation and
works in the Upper Indus Basin. At present, most of the studies are roughly compiled in the form
of basic data which will require considerable time to develop the parameters for the Report.
Plate 3 is an indication of the project areas in general, and their positions in the devel-
opment program. The progress of project preparation and construction can be seen from this map.
Plate 4 is an Index Map to that portion of the Upper Indus Basin in which the Ground
Water and Reclamation Program is concentrated. This map gives more detailed analysis of the
culture, communications systems, and the irrigation systems of the area. The Projects, Sub-
projects, and Units of the Ground Water and Reclamation Program are also shown on this map.


* *




65-A.6


General Organization Chart
Ground Water and Reclamation Programs


IPTO N


AND KALMBACH, INC
ENGINEERS


PROJECTS
MANAGER




GENERAL PLANNING RECLAMATION CONSTRUCTION
ENGINEERING
SERVICES DIVISION DIVISION DIVISION


Regional Planning Sectionsi

Engineering
Hydrology
Agriculture
Economics

Project Planning Sections


Surface Drainage Section


Field Engineering Section


Design Engineering Section


Data and Mapping Section





GOVERNOR
WEST PAKISTAN

SECRETARY TO GOVT. OF WEST PAKISTAN
IRRIGATION AND POWER DEPARTMENT
I


VER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
ND MEMBERS
WATER WING
NSULTANTS1


WEST PAKISTAN WATER AND POV
CHAIRMAN A
POWER WING I
GENERAL CO
Power Consulting Services I
General Mnager --- - - --
POWER IBP CONSULTING SERVICES


I---- -I I
I |


GENERAL CONSULTING SERVICES


I -


I l I
CHIEF ENGINEER CHIEF ENGINEER CHIEF ENGINEER
Indus Basin Projects Ground Water and Water and Soils
Div. Reclamation Div. Investigation Div.

PROJECT Project Consultants PROJECT
CONSULTANTS TIPTON & KALMBACH, INC. CONSULTANTS
SHunting MacDonald


I _ _ _ _


PROJECT
CONSULTANTS

DIRECTOR
Planning and
Development


I I
OPERATIONAL CHIEF ENGINEER
MANAGER CONSTRUCTION

Four Regional
Managers


WAPDA
ORGANIZATIONAL CHART
Showing
TECHNICAL OPERATING DIVISIONS
and
CONSULTANTS


r


CHIEF ENGINEER
Development and
Coordination Div.


DIRECTOR GENERAL
S Planning and
Investigations

DESIGNS
DIRECTORATE


DEVELOPMENT
DIRECTORATE


I-


r CHIEF ENGINEER ---
Northern Zone Schemes

Karachi Irrigation
Project (HUB)

I l-


DIRECTOR
Standards and Designs

- PRINCIPALI
Training Ins.


|


i I




65-A.8


The following table, "Planning, Preparation and Construction Schedule for Tubewell
Projects", gives the outline of project phasing for the calendar years 1965 and 1966 for WAPDA
Projects 2, 3, 4, and 5. More than 7,800 tubewells for irrigation and drainage reclamation
are involved to various degrees of completion over this two-year period. This also represents
about 75 percent of the tubewell program planned for the Third Five-Year Plan.
The total number of tubewells planned for each Project is given, also the breakdowns
for the subprojects, units, and contracts are shown with their respective tubewell requirements.
Planning has been completed for Projects 2, 3, and 4. Planning is underway on Project 5, and
Project 2 is in several stages of Construction and Preparation. Preparation has been completed
for portions of Project 3, and Construction is scheduled for the last part of 1965, with an active
program throughout 1966. In Project 4, preparation has been delayed somewhat because of
the national emergency of defense mobilization. Work was progressing rapidly in field siting
along much of the border area. Because of field travel restrictions, preparation has been diverted
from the Marala-Ravi Unit to the Mantangwala Unit, the southeastern portion of Project 4.
Throughout this two-year period, Regional Planning will culminate a number of studies
on water use, design criteria, agricultural studies, and related subject studies pertaining to the
Ground Water and Reclamation Program into a Regional Planning Report. This culmination of
subject reports on a regional basis is scheduled for mid-1966. For details concerning the areas
of investigation and concentrated study, see the chart, "Progress of Regional Planning Opera-
tions", included with this progress report.


* *




GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAM
(UPPER INDUS BASIN)

PLANNING, PREPARATION AND CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE
FOR


TUBEWELL


PRO JECTS


PROJECT NO. 2 CHAJ DOAB
** Upper Jhelum Subproject
** Khadir Unit

Lower Jhelum Subproject


PROJECT NO.




PROJECT NO.
*


3 LOWER THAL DOAB
Unit 1
Unit 2
Unit 3

4 UPPER RECHNA DOAB
M- R Unit


PROJECT NO. 5 LOWER RECHNA DOAB


REGIONAL PLANNING


Tubewells


1965


t 1- t


2,150
850
205

900




1,500
500
500
500

2,700
300




1,500


y ..~


1 U1


I I



I: '" '".* '-.b.'* _". :':" ".::'.'1 1 I if i l I I "M


'-e "-:i. .'. : eI o ICuI I I II IIs T


** Contracts Signed.


1966


i .




FINANCIAL SUMMARY1

DOLLAR AND RUPEE EXPENDITURES

First Quarter 1965-66


EXPENDITURES
It e m Period of Report Expenditure During Period Totals To Date
DOLLARS RUPEES DOLLARS RUPEES
TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC. Fiscal Year 63-64
July 1963 through June 1964 480,624 700,500 480,624 700,500

Fiscal Year 64-65 664,892** 553,103 1,145,516** 1,253,603
Letters of Commitments July 1964 through June 1965

Ist Quarter (July Sept.) 160,576 252,905 641,200 953,405
391-H-069-3
Issued June 11, 1964 2nd Quarter (Oct. Dec.) 156,575 85,445 797,775 1,038,850
TDD -
3rd Quarter (Jan. -Mar.) 173,435 111,010 971,210 1,149,860
$1,037,000 -- -
+ 116,500 (Aug. 30, 1965) 4th Quarter (April -June) 174,306** 103,743 1,145,516** 1,253,603
$1,153,500 Fiscal Year 65-66
July 1965 through June 1966

(I) Ist Quarter (July Sept.) 110,200* 112,585 1,255,716* 1,366,188
Includes $329,596 paid direct to July 30,200
Wapda for period July 1963 August 40,000*
through March 1964. September 40,000*

1. Dollar components are actual expenditures for the periods as reported by Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc.
Rupee components are local expenditures, provisional for the periods, as reported by WAPDA.

Estimated expenditures based on average and anticipated expenditures for the report period.

Figures previously reported have been revised after adjustment of additional expenditures relating to the period.




65-A.11


WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
Lahore, West Pakistan

GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAMS

STAFFING TABLE FOR FIRST QUARTER 1965 66
July through September


Authorized Average Actual Number Total Man-Hours
Full Strength Number at the End of Worked during
Reporting First Quarter First Quarter

PROFESSIONAL
Expatriate 15 13 9 6,820
Pakistani 62 57 58 25,500
Engineers
Geologists
Agronomists
Economists
Hydro logists
SUBPROFESSIONAL
Expatriate 0 0 0 0
Pakistani 88 81 77 36,500
Overseers
Zilladars
Patwaris
Draftsmen
Tracers

GENERAL SERVICES
Expatriate* 4 4 4 2,600

NONPROFESSIONAL
Pakistani 105 101 100 48,000
Superintendent
Senior Clerks
Stenotypists
Typists
Stenographers
Junior Clerks
Peons

Tota s :
Expatriate 19 17 13 8,120
Pakistani 255 239 235 110,000


* 50% charge of "069" activities.





65-A. 12


PLA N ING


DIVISION N





65-A. 13


SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES


PLANNING
David W. Greenman*
Dr. P. E. Hildebrand


Economics Section
Dr. P. E. Hildebrand


* Transferred to the Denver Planning Office of Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc,,
during the Fourth Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1964-65.

** Resigned during the First Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66.


Hydrology
Dr. A. T. Corey**

Engineering
Dr. E. C. Olsen
Gilbert N. Haycock
A agriculture
Dr. Milton Fireman*


Hydrology Section
Ben M. Pettit, Jr.

Agriculture Section
Niel A. Dimick
Carroll E. Aksamit**


!


|


I





65-A. 15


TECHNICAL STAFF
PLANNING DIVISION
Personnel Classification


(Continued)
PROJECT PLANNING


ECONOMICS SECTION
Economist
Senior Economist
Junior Economist
Junior Economist
Junior Economist
Agronomist (Statistician)
Junior Research Assistant
Junior Research Assistant
Computer
Computer
Computer
Computer


Totals :


Dr. P. E. Hildebrand*
K. R. Qureshi
M. Iqbal Khan
M. Khalid
Khalid Majid
M. Fazil Sabir
Ch. Mohd. Saddiq
Kh. K. Hassan
A. Bakhat
Ata Mohammad
I. K. Gul-Ahmod
Ghulam Murtaza


Chief of Planning*
Regional Planning Chief*
Project Planning Chief*
Section Heads*
Agriculturalist*
Superintending Research Officer
Senior Economist
Senior Engineers
Junior Engineer
Geologist
Junior Geologists
Soil and Water Chemists
Agronomists
Land Reclamation Officer
Assistant Land Reclamation Officer
Research Assistant
Junior Research Assistants
Junior Research Officer
Statistical Assistant
Junior Economists
Computers
Zilladars
Patwaris


69 Technical personnel positions at the end of the First Quarter of the Fiscal
Year 1965-66 (July through September)





65-A. 14


TECHNICAL STAFF
PLANNING DIVISION
Personnel Classification


First Quarter
1965 -66


CHIEF OF PLANNING


REGIONAL PLANNING
Civil Engineer
Hydrologist
Agronomist
Senior Engineer
Geologist
Soil and Water Chemist
Research Assistant
Agronomist


(Pakistani and Expatriate*)

Dr. P. E. Hildebrand*
David W. Greenman* (Denver)

S.W. Mao*
Dr. E. C. Olsen*
Dr. A. T. Corey* (Resigned)
Dr. Milton Fireman* (Denver)
Khallid Mohtadullah
Mohd, Alam
Dr. Anwal-ul-Haque
Tariq Shah
Miss Shafqat Sultana


PROJECT PLANNING


HYDROLOGY SECTION
Hydrologist
Senior Engineer
Senior Engineer
Junior Engineer
Junior Geologist
Junior Geologist
Junior Geologist
Junior Research Officer
Statistical Assistant


AGRICULTURE SECTION
Agronomist
Agriculturalist
Superintending Research Officer
Land Reclamation Officer
Assistant Land Reclamation Officer
Agronomist
Agronomist
Agronomist
Agronomist
Agronomist
Agronomist
Economist
Soil and Water Chemist
9 Zilladors
17 Patwaris


*** Transferred to the head office of Wapda at Sunny
serve as Assistant Director of Planning, attached


Ben M. Pettit, Jr*
Mohd. Amin ***
Khurshid Ahmad
Mohd. Shahbab~
A.R.K. Javed
Syed Hussain
Aziz-ui-Rahman
Saddiq Hussain
Miss Amtul Nasir


Niel A. Dimick*
Carroll E. Aksamit* (Resigned)
Dr. Mohd Iqbal
Khalid Mahmood
Mohd. Aslam
Nazir Ahmad Kisama
Mohsin Nawaz
Rahmat Ali
Mohd. Akram Khan
Abdul Hamid
M.A. Maqbool
Rana Nasib Khan
Mohd. Aslam


View on September 22, 1965 to
to Deputy Chief Engineer M. Badruddin..





65-A. 16


PLANNING

The First Quarter of the 1965-66 Fiscal Year was filled with multiple activity for the
Planning personnel. Office data processing for project preparation was accelerated in many
fields due to the limited field investigations that could be made during the national emergency.
Because of the rationing of gasoline supplies and curfew restrictions, much of the effort put
forth by Planning was concentrated in the Lahore area on detailed data collection from govern-
mental offices concerning river discharge records, climate, ground water trends and characteristics,
and all phases of economic evaluation studies pertaining to agricultural economics and agricultural
development.
Several detailed studies emerged from this precipitation of data, and much of the detail
is given in the chart, "Progress of Regional Planning Operations", following page 20 of this
progress report. Prior to the National Emergency declaration on September 6, 1965 by the
President of Pakistan, Mohammad Ayub Khan, extensive field investigations were being made
in the areas of Project 5, Lower Rechna Doab, and in acquiring supplemental information for
various parts of Project 4, Upper Rechna Doab, and Project 3, Lower Thai Doab. Work was
also being done in Project 1, Central Rechna Doab, concerning water balance and water use,
along with detailed water quality studies. Data were collected from the tubewells of Project
2, Chaj Doab, and background information for planning and analysis purposes was
being gathered from the Project 6 area, the Panjnad Canal Command of the Bahawolpur region.
Incorporated into these project area studies is the extraction of data for regional applications,
and these regional studies in turn will take the form of individual topic reports subsequent to
the major undertaking of the Regional Plan Report. This publication is scheduled for comple-
tion during the Fourth Quarter of 1965-66 and the First Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1966-67.
For the purposes of relating the progress made by Planning, the activities of the
planning group are divided into two phases: (1) Regional Planning, and (2) Project Plan-
ning. Because some of the project studies directly affect regional planning aspects, and those
investigations for regional planning purposes often influence project planning to a great degree,
the separation of these two functions of Planning is often difficult by category alone. In the
previous reports the progress had been discussed by the functions of each Section of the Planning
Division of Project Preparation. In this, and in future reports, the activity and progress will
be related to the work of the Planning group as a whole unit operating for Wapda under the
direction of the Engineer.
During the quarter two expatriates resigned from Planning, and this was due primarily
to the emergency situation of the war between India and Pakistan, and the separation of the
expatriates and their dependents. Dr. A.oT Corey resigned as head of the Hydrology group in
Regional Planning, and Carroll E. Aksamit resigned as agriculturalist in the Agriculture Section
of Project Planning.
Throughout most of the quarter, Gilbert N. Haycock, of the Design Engineerig Section
of Reclamation Engineering worked with the Planning group in various phases of data collection
and processing of data for regional planning studies and the preparation of background material
for Project 5.
The Planning office cooperated with the Water and Soils Investigation Division (WASID)
of Wapda in a number of ground water studies, and in the preparation of maps depicting the
status of the quality and quantity of ground water supplies in the Punjab. In addition to the





65-A. 17


work done with the hydrological aspects of the Punjab, a great deal of effort has been put forth
to assist Wasid in the publication of recently surveyed soils data in preparation for regional soil
studies concerning soil classification and salinity. The work being done is primarily that of Bari
Doab, the last major survey work to be completed by Wasid in the Upper Indus Basin.
Throughout the Quarter special investigations were made for Wapda in the fields of
Economics and Agriculture, and data collection. The Planning group collected data from the
Irrigation Department, the Ministery for Food and Agriculture (Agriculture Census), the Bureau
of Statistics, and from governmental field offices, and farmers in efforts to secure the needed
data for regional and project planning studies. Meetings were held with the Chief Engineer,
Sayyid Hamid, and the Project Director, Khan Abdul Hamid Khan, in the scheduling of activities
and the coordination of the planning efforts. The Chief of Planning, Dr. Hildebrand, and other
members of the Engineer's planning staff met with the Projects Manager, Robert C. Bolger, on
numerous ocassions to discuss planning problems and policy. The progress reported on the pages
following is a record of the cooperative effort of the Planning Division, during the First Quarter
of the Fiscal Year 1965-66, July through September.





65-A. 18


REGIONAL PLANNING

The activities of the Regional Planning group and the other members of Planning whose
investigations and data collection pertained primarily to regional aspects of the Ground Water
and Reclamation Program are given in detail for the First Quarter of 1965-66 in this progress
report.
The Regional Planning staff headed by S.W. Mao conducted studies in the fields of canal
hydraulics, regional ground water balance, surface water supplies in the Upper Indus Basin, and
data collection concerning soil classification, climate, private tubewell development, shallow
ground water sources, and irrigation practices. These agricultural and economic surveys were
conducted primarily on the same sequence of development as is shown on the "Progress of Regional
Planning Operations" chart. This chart shows the degree of progress and the primary steps in the
evolution of the Regional Plan Report which is due for publication at the end of the 1965-66 Fiscal
Year.
Meetings were held with the World Bank Consultants to parallel the current thinking on
regional planning needs, and with the Harza Master Plan Division to gather additional information
on regional surface water and planning aspects of Mangla Dam and Tarbela Dam distribution and
allocation of water supplies. Work was done with Wasid on the preparation of regional soils data
and to assist them in the completion of the Bari Doab soils analysis. Over 600 photographs of
detailed soil information will have to be analyzed and digested into a composite system of data re-
cording and printing of the drafted field information. Ken Gowans of Harza is the principal ad-
viser to Wasid in this soils mapping problem. The field photographs are being traced by the
Data and Mapping Section.
Surface water records were obtained from the Discharge Division, with special permission
to transport them to the Planning offices for detailed copy work. Records of all primary gaging
stations on the rivers and headworks of the Upper Indus Basin were copied in reproducible form
and are on record as cusec-day totals for 10-day periods of record. The job required the concen-
trated effort of many of the planning personnel. The surface water record covers the years 1946
to 1964. The data arerecorded by river sections, with all subsequent diversions and headworks
data concerning the surface water supply and withdrawals to the irrigation systems.
Work on the development of information and basic data for the Regional Plan Report has
been divided among the Sections and groups within the Planning Division. A phased program is
underway to implement the preparation of the Report and subsequent subject studies as scheduled.
A large portion of the data is in the process of preliminary alignment and analysis. As activities
develop the planning policy and the design criteria is stabilized to reflect the regional data and
development needs, the volumes of information gathered will begin to precipitate the form of the
Regional Planning Report with all of its aspects of Project development. Accordingly, there has
been relatively less progress on the Special Technical Studies as shown on the chart, and which
will best proceed to fit the coordination of the overall regional planning program.
During most of the Quarter the activities of the Regional Planning group were confined
to field data collection in two areas, (1) Operative canal statistics in Upper Thai and the
SRight Bank of Indus, and (2) Shallow source ground water quality from private tubewells. Office
progress centered around (1) Inventory and tabulation of surface water and canal delivery data,
and (2) Revising and re-mapping the ground water table conditions and variations, and (3) Shallow
and deep ground water quality and quantity studies and their graphical presentations. Agriculture
and economic survey and data compilation got well underway during the report period. Progress
was reported in the regional interests of soil classification and land use, crop intensities-patterns-
yields, land holdings and irrigation practices, and private tubewell development.





65-A.19


In describing the progress and the work undertaken during the Quarter by the planning
group in connection with its regional planning studies, the outline of the "Progress of Regional
Planning Operations" chart will in general be followed as closely as possible. The categories
of work which fall under the primary and secondary headings, and the progress during the report
period are given as follows:

1. Collection, Preliminary Analysis, and Compilation of Basic Data:

Progress continued on the compilation of basic data and its evaluation concerning the
tubewell corrosion and incrustation problems. Further studies have been made on the performance
of the Project 1 tubewells.
Extensive work was done on the tabulation of surface water data in a reproducible form.
River and Headworks records on a 10-day history were secured for the period of 1946 to 1964 for
all the primary gaging stations on the rivers of the Punjab. The work was greatly accelerated
during the emergency period when most of the personnel were confined to the Lahore area. The
records were obtained from the Discharge Division at Moghulpura and copied at the 141 E-1
Planning office. The data were recorded systematically by river surface water supply and the
allocations made to the off-taking irrigation commands. Additional information concerning the
historical water supplies was. prepared from Indus Basin Treaty water records borrowed from
Harza. This historical record of surface water supplies in the Punjab rivers was copied to be
transmitted to the Denver Planning Office to be analyzed for water balance studies.
Headworks data for the Right Bank of the Indus River and for the Modhapur Headworks which feeds
the Central Bari Doab Canal have not yet been collected by the planning group. The head of
the CBDC is in rndia, and the record, if available, is maintained by the Irrigation Department of
India. However, data on the distributaries making withdrawals in the Pakistan territory are avail-
able.
Data pertaining to temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, wind, etc., for stations
in the Upper Indus Basin were collected from the Meteorological Department at Lahore. The
following records were completed:
Lahore Division 1959-1964
Lower and Upper Jhelum Canals 1964
Haveli Canal 1959-1964
Derajat Circle 1947-1955
Thai Doab (Upper and Lower) 1959-1964
Private tubewell investigations were carried out in Chaj Doab, Rechna Doab, Thai Doab,
and the Panjnad Command areas. Ground water levels were completed through 1964 for Lower
Rechna, Bari and Bahawalpur regions. Information concerning the quality of the groundwater in
the Punjab was also brought up to date, and the ground water quality maps were revised to show
any new trends in salinity.
All available data on climate from 1947 to present have been obtained. These data will
better define the climatic zones of the agricultural development areas and further assist in the
planning of water requirements.
Economic background studies in the fields of agriculture, marketing, and development
potentials have incorporated population estimates and requirement projections. Most of the data
on regional distribution and consumption of fertilizers have been obtained and the information is
now being checked. Work has begun on the aspects of regional consumption patterns and the
projected requirements of future agricultural products.
For Bari Doab averages were calculated for TDS values of deep groundwater sources. In
the Project 1 area, RSC and Calc. ESP values were made for 101 tubewell water samples for the
year 1964





65-A.20


Primarily the collection of field data was restricted severely by the gas rationing and travel
restriction imposed during the national emergency period. The concentrated effort on tfe
office processing of the data on hand, and the collection of supplement data from the Lahore area,
proved to be very beneficial The progress recorded on the Regional Planning chart on the follow-
ing page is ample evidence of the advantage taken to proceed as rapidly as possible in processing
the available data.

2.: Preliminary Studies and Development of Design Criteria:

Additional studies were made concerning "Aquifer Characteristics and Tubewell Design",
and these data are being prepared for the subject report to become a part of the Regional Plan
and for use in current project development. A water conveyance system efficiency was initiated
on a regional basis.
Data were collected on the cropping patterns of several districts of the Punjab, and the
agricultural statistics published in connection with the Agriculture Census were studied to better
understand the development needs and agricultural requirements of West Pakistan in general.


3. Special Technical Studies:

Several studies were made concerning the management of saline ground water areas,
especially in the Mnna Unit of Project 2. Field work was also begun in the collection of water
samples from the private tubewells in the saline zone of the Lower Rechna area. The samples
will be given a complete analysis by Wasid and the results will be used to supplement other data
on shallow ground water.
Five field parties were conducting private tubewell surveys in the Lower Bari Doab area,
but they returned because of the civilian gasoline allocation and fuel shortage. These field units
are scheduled to be active again in September.
Detailed studies have been made on the hydraulics of mining the ground water supplies\
in certain areas.,
Further study has been undertaken on the performance of Project 1. Water balance para-
meters are being analyzed. Data concerning the operation of this project were obtained from
Wasid, and from the Land and Water Management Board.
Linear programming analysis applicable to regional and project levels has been sent to
the Texas A&M Data Processing Center. The results obtained have been encouraging and addi-
tional programming is forthcoming.







65-A.21
PROJECT PLANNING
Feasibility Reports have been prepared for Projects 1, 2, and 3. During the proceeding
Quarter, the Project 4 Report was completed. The final report was printed during the first part
of this report period. Project 5, Lower Rechna, is in the immediate processes of data collection
and analysis. Economic studies are being prepared and work is being done on field water re-
quirements and project demands for water supplies and drainage. Project 6, the Panjnad Command,
is also a target for data collection by the Planning group. Details concerning the progress of work
in the project areas is given as follows:

Project One Central Rechna Doabo

Work continued along the distribution systems in search of solutions to the problems of
tubewell design and maintenance. Information was also gathered concerning the use of relatively
saline waters for irrigation and mixing purposes. The RSC and Calc. ESP values for 101 tubewells
were worked out the year 1964. A general review was made of the ground water maps, and soils
maps were prepared for,the project area.

Project Two Chaj Doab.

In the Mona Experimental Unit, a sample survey was made to determine the effect of
tubewell water in the saline zone,
Progress was made on the preparation of drainage works and tubewells for the Chaj 2-B
area of lower Chaj Doab. Anaylsis of drainage requirements for the saline areas, and for the
surface water requirements for this area were also reviewed. Soils maps for the Doab were studied
and soil series maps were prepared from Wasid data.
The ground water quality maps for Chaj Doab, especially in the areas of tubewell drilling
and installation were amended and the water quality trends were related to the Construction
Division. Stratigraphic sections for the Upper Jhflum Subproject, prepared along Wasid's well
alignments were reviewed in the light of new information pertaining to the stratigraphy of the
area obtained from drilling records in the project area.
Analog model studies for both the saline and non-saline zones of the Lower Jhelum Canal
system of Chaj Doab were completed and sent to the U.S.G.S. Data Processing Center at Pheonix,
Arizona, USA, and these studies are scheduled to be processed during the first week of October.
The study undertook to show the effects of various surface water supplies and pumping intensities
to different levels of agricultural development, and to reflect the aquifer responses under future
management conditions.


Project Three Lower Thal Doob.

The drainage benefits in the Upper Thai area, in the vicinity of the Chasma-Jhelum Link
proposed alignments, have been examined and a brief summary prepared. Soils maps for the Lower
Thai project area were studied, along with the field siting requirements for tubewells in the areas
of the Alipur Unit and the Kot Adu Unit. Precipitation records for the area were collected from
the Irrigation Department and the data are part of the regional study. Data collection was done in
the Rangpur Unit area.

Project Four Upper Rechna Doab,

The final copies of the Project 4 Report were received from the Data and Mapping Section,
and were distributed to Wapda, Wasid, Harza, AID, and other governmental agencies. A total of
270 copies of the report were bound.






PROGRESS OF REGIONAL PLANNING OPERATIONS


1965 1966

Cct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr Ma;


1. COLLECTION, PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS, AND COMPILATION OF BASIC DATA

A. HYDROLOGY
Surface Water Supplies
Historic Canal Deliveries
Groundwater Levels
Groundwater Quality
Surface Drainage
Geologic Data

B. CLIMATE
Precipitation
Temperature
Wind and Humidity

C. AGRICULTURE
Land Area
Soil Classification and Land Use
Salinity and Alkali Compilations
Crop Patterns ano Intensities
Soil Management Practices
Irrigation Practices
Crop Management Practices
Soil Reclarration Practices

D. ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY
Transportation and Communication
Location and Description of Industry
Population
Consumption Patterns and Requirements
Social and Economic Conditions of Farmers
Marketing of Agi cultural Products and Inputs
Land Holdings
Capital Accumulation Potential
Credit and Finance of Agriculture
Prices of Agricultural Products
Cost of Crop Production and Use of Inputs
Crop Acreages, Yield and Production

E. PRIVATE TUBEWELLS
Inventory and Location
Use and Cost

F. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
Inventory and Feed Consumption
Projection of Numbers
Feed Requirements


2. PRELIMINARY STUDIES AND DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGN CRITERIA

Terms of Reference
Water Quality Standards
Consumptive Water Requirements
Leaching Requirements
Cropping Patterns
Target Intensities
Aquifer Characteristics
Ground Water Replenishment and Hydrologic Balance
Canal Command Water Requirements


3. SPECIAL TECHNICAL STUDIES

Duty of Water
Groundwater Hydraulics
Horizontal vs. Vertical Drainage
River Gains and Losses
Value of Water
Canal Remodelling Criteria
Feasibility of Canal Lining
Tubewell Design
Shallow vs. Deep Tubewells
Ecocn -, o Mining

Performance oi Opert; g Projec-s


4. FINAL INTEGRATED STUDIES

Definition of Project Areas
Allocation of Water Supplies and Systems Operation Studies
Regional Hydrologic Balance
Corollary Development
Project Works
Cost of Works
Schedule of Development and Budgets
Economic Analysis


5. PREPARATION OF REGIONAL PLAN REPORT


Initial Draft (by Sections)
Semi-Final Draft
Final Report
Maps, Charts and Figures






65-A'.22

Concentrated effort was put on data collection for the MIvngtanwala Unit. Mltiiary '
activities along the upper border of the project area and throughout most, of the Morala-Ravif Unit
prevented the completion of tubewell sites for that contract .
Economic reviews of the Project have been made, and these papers are being studied to
determine their application to the project analysis. These reviews, when completed, will be sub-
mitted to Wapda and Harza.


Project Five Lower Rechna Doab. '

The data collection and processing program for the project area was accelerated during the
Quarter and marked progress was made in completing various aspects of project analyses. The
following reports were completed:
(1) Consumption patterns, urban/rural population distribution and marketable surplus for
the area.
(2) Population estimates for 1965 for the project area with low, medium and high projec-
tions for 1990 and 2010.
(3) A study on agricultural holdings number, size and tenancy.
(4) Distribution and use of fertilizers in the project area for the years 1962-64.

Six other subject reports will be completed during the first part of the Second Quarter.
These reports are:
(1) The transportation and communications systems.
(2) The marketing of agricultural produce and related problems.
(3) Growth of large and small scale industries.
(4) The availability, use and requirement of agricultural credit in Lower Rechna.
(5) Analysis of private tubewells in Lower Rechna.
(6) Economic and social conditions in the Project Area.

Maps showing tubewell density, cropping intensities, and the tubewell commanded area
in each union council of Lower Rechna have been prepared, along with maps showing the locations
of various crops in the.project area.
Samples were taken from private tubewells in the saline water zone, and these samples are
being analyzed by Wasid. This data will be used to supplement other information on shallow
ground water.
Watercourse mapping for the project area was completed up to about 70 percent, The
remaining part of the project area will take approximately two months .
A linear program for Project 5 to aid in the study of water allocation has been prepared.:
The program includes water transfer, water availability, and recharge recovery parameters.
Maps were prepared showing water quality, water quality of the private tubewells in the
saline zone, and the RSC and SAR values for the ground water of the project area. Deep water
quality TDS maps were also prepared for the project report.
A study was completed concerning the acreages and distributions of sell types in Lower
Rechna. The boundaries of Wasid's Unit No. 3 maps were marked on chak band maps for more
detailed analysis. According to the precipitation record, the project area is divided Into two
zones: High rainfall zone (more than 10 inches), and a lower rainfall zone (less than 10 inches).
This information will be used in calculating the water requirements for the areas within the
precipitation zones. The effects of the rainfall zones on the area, coupled with the variations
in cropping patterns will be used to determine the water requirements of the distributaries and
uncommanded areas.





65-A .23



Private tubewell investigations were made in the Tehsils of Toba Tek Singh, Shorkot,
Chiniot, Jhang, and Kabirwala. A detailed statement concerning these wells has been completed.
Several investigations concerning the relationship of the quality of the surface water
supplies to the quantity of discharge and use were made during the report period. The graphs
were made for discharges and water quality for the headworks feeding or recharging the project
area. A few minor changes were made in the 2000 ppm contour in Lower Rechna as a result of
further study of the deep water quality data now available.
Economic and engineering evaluation studies for the project area are progressing rapidly,
and work has begun on the preparation of illustrations for the Project 5 Report,


Project Six Panjnad Command.

This project area is that portion of Bahawalpur Plain which receives irrigation waters from
the Panjnad Headworks. This is also the southernmost project in the Upper Indus Basin development.
Preliminary surveys have been made concerning the existing wells in the area, their use, and the
quality of the ground water.
For the Bahawalpur area Wasid has made ground water investigations. Most of these data
were received. Calculations were made for 763 shallow sources and 138 deep sources of ground
water supply relating to their RSC, SAR and TDS values.
Maps concerning the irrigation systems for the project area are being collected for supple-
mental data to modify the base map of Project 6. Historical surface water supplies, water require-
ments and distribution practices are also being studied in preparation for an analysis of the project.



For reference details into the locations and relationships of the project areas, see the
Ground Water and Reclamation Program Index Map of Projects, Subprojects, and Units.


.* *




65-A.24




P L A N N I N G
PLANNING. ...-
ACTIVITIES FOR THE SECOND QUARTER OF FISCAL YEAR 1965-66.." ,

During the Second Quarter the Planning group will concentrate on the development of
corollary and subject reports for the forthcoming Regional Plan Report, be active in the planning
of Project 5, and data collection in the Project 6 area.
The general trend of activities in Regional Planning will be along those lines shown on
the chart. The progress in some areas will be interrupted to await the completion of other subject
matter which directly affect the results of these studies. The program is generally scheduled
to proceed as graphed.
Supplemental analysis studies will be made for areas of Interest in Chaj Doab, Thai Doab,-
and Upper Rechna Doab, to implement the progress of water balance and project development.
Soils studies will be continued on a regional and project basis, along with investigations
i~ quality of ground water supplies, surface water allocations and saline water drainage require-
ments.
Computer programming will continue to be a major effort, along with the training of the
personnel in the requirements of machine analysis.
Data collection from field and office sources will be in progress throughout the next
Quarter, and the office processing of data relative to regional planning and project planning will
continue on a daily basis.
Subject studies scheduled for completion during the next report period are listed on page
22 of this progress report.


** ** **









M~tIMW


LEGEND
-.-- PROJECT AND SUBDIVISION BOUNDARIES

PROJECT NO. I CENTRAL QEC-NI DOB

PROJECT N0.2- CHAJ DOAB

PROJECT NO. LOWER TFI. DOAS

PROJECT NO. 4- UPPER RECHNA DOAB

PROJECT NO.S LOWER REC"SN DOAO


HMIAMWALI


0o MONTMORU


) 'I









L \


RA'I UNIT T





J


STATUS OF CONSTRUCTION

0 l CONTRACT IN PREPARATION

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

COMPLETED


-'


*----




S2 0 to 40o S
SCALE OF MILES


- )


WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC. ENGINEERS

GROtmND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAM

LOCATION MAP


NIl
lfjri


d1 ,. 1,.4L


jLo,
N I.iI.


L rUE
",, '

r-^3


j..*-*j


'''
''

rr~~rul
~---,
-7_~-



























RECLAMATIO N


ENGINEERING


DIVISION


(Only the time spent on Regional and Project Planning is chargeable to the Loan)


65-A 25




65-A.26


SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES


RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
Bernard D. Murphy (Resigned during the Quarter)


1. Surface Drainage Section
M.S. Chaudhry

2. Field Engineering Section
Robert J. Crowley

3. Design Engineering Section
George H. Geil
Gilbert N. Haycock*

4. Data and Mapping Section
Clarence E. Erickson, Jr.


* Transferred to Planning during the Quarter.






TECHNICAL STAFF
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
Personnel Classification


65-A.27


First Quarter
1965 -66


(Pakistani and Expatriate*)


CHIEF RECLAMATION ENGINEER

SURFACE DRAINAGE SECTION
Drainage Engineer
Senior Engineer
6 Junior Engineers
2 Junior Engineers (vacancies)
Overseers (vacancies)
FIELD ENGINEERING SECTION
Field Engineer
Senior Engineer
11 Junior Engineers
5 Junior Engineers (Field Siting Trainees)
Land Reclamation Officer
2 Assistant Land Reclamation Officers
3 Zilladars
9 Overseers
Overseers (vacancies)
14 Patwaris
DESIGN ENGINEERING SECTION
Design Engineer
Design Engineer
Senior Engineer
5 Junior Engineers
Overseer
DATA AND MAPPING SECTION
Office Engineer
Senior Engineer
Junior Engineer
Circle Head Draftsman
Head Draftsman
3 Draftsmen
Draftsman (vacancy)
19 Tracers (one is on recall duty with the Army)


Bernard D. Murphy* (Resigned)


(vacancy)
M. S. Chaudhry




Robert J. Crowley*
Syed Mehboob Hussain Shah









George H. Geil*
Gilbert N. Haycock*
Ijaz Ahmad Hamayun



Clarence E. Erickson, Jr.*
Ijaz Ahmad Hamayun
Sharof Sultan
(vacancy to be filled In October)
Abdul Rashid



- -.


Section Heads*
Design Engineer*
Senior Engineers (4 positions)
Junior Engineers
Land Reclamation Officer
Asst. Land Reclamation Officers


10 Overseers
4 Draftsmen
19 Tracers
3 Zilladars
14 Patwaris


Totals:


88. Technical personnel at the end of the First Quarter 1965-66,
(July through September).





65-A.28


RECLAMATION ENGINEERING

During the First Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66 the Reclamation Engineering Division
worked on tubewell location programs for Project 2, Project 3, and Project 4. Reviews were made
of engineering drawings and design details for tubewell and drainage works. Documents were
completed and published for the Project 4 Report, Alipur tubewell Contract Documehts, and the
Upper Jhelum tubewell Contract Documents. Khadir tubewell Contract Documents were made
ready for final assembly and spiral binding.
Field investigations and surveys were showing the effects of the restricted activity during
the report period due to the national emergency situation and military activity along the border
areas. Gas rationing proved difficult for the field vehicles, and some of them were requisitioned
for military duty. The field siting activities in the Marala-Ravi Unit of Project 4 were limited to
the Begum Pur distributary area, and as a result the firm tubewell locations necessary for the exe-
cution of the drilling program in that area were not completed. A shift of personnel was made to
the Mangtanwala Unit, which covers the area south of the Lahore-Sheikhupura road between Degh
Nallah and the Ravi River.
Bernard D. Murphy, chief engineer of the Reclamation Division, resigned during the last
month of the report period. Gilbert N. Haycock of the Design Section worked throughout the
Quarter with the Planning Division in the collection and analysis of data for regional planning
and project studies on soils and hydrology.
No drainage survey work was done on additional drainage works, because the existing
alignment surveys for proposed drains are well ahead of any future construction schedule that
may be proposed. Field investigations were made however on the progress of existing contracts
and drainage works.
Meetings were held with the Projects Manager, Deputy Chief Engineer Sardar Allah
Bakhsh, Chief Engineer Sayyid Hamid, and Project Director Khan Abdul Hamid Khan, in coordi-
nation of the tubewell and reclamation programs. Field surveys and siting schedules were dii-
cussed along with personnel requirements. Plans are implemented to proceed as rapidly as possible
along the charted course of the Ground Water and Reclamation Program.
Field engineering and tubewell siting done in the Project 3 area has progressed on schedule,
with firm siting for the Alipur Unit and intensive work on the siting of tubewells in the Kot Adu
Unit. Data collection for the Rangput Unit and the preliminary siting of tubewells in that area
progressed without delay throughout the report period.
The five new junior engineers which reported to the Field Engineering Section were
assigned to on-the-job-training in the Upper Jhelum Subproject area of Chaj Doab.
Work is being done for Wasid on the compilation and detailed drafting of soils data for
Bari Doab. The job of tracing the pencilled sketches of detailed soils information from aerial
photographs is expected to take about two months for the 600 photo-enlargements of the Bari Doab
area. Four tracers and one draftsman are working full-time on the project which is being super-
vised by Wasid and Ken Gowans of Harza.
The progress for the report period is given by Section for project and office engineering
functions for the separate Projects under the Ground Water and Reclamation Program. Reference
can be made to the map of the Indus Basin, the Location Map of Construction Progress, and the
Index Map of the Projects, Subprojects, and Units for details into the locations and relationships
of the projects to the development program in the Upper Indus Basin.





65-A. 29


SURFACE DRAINAGE SECTION

The Surface Drainage Section functioned under the direction of the Senior Engineer, M.
S. Chaudhry. Two field parties were transferred from Surface Drainage to do field siting and
bench mark survey work for the Field Engineering Section in the areas of Marola-Ravi Unit and
Mangtanwala Unit of Chaj Doab. Office engineering functions continued on the finalizing of
detail for the Ghazi Ghat and Main Branch Drain in Project 3, and clean-up work was progressing
in Chaj Doab on Mangat Drain in the UJC area for survey details and preparation of drawings.
In addition to the other active drainage works, about 40 miles of drains are proposed for
the UJC area, and 20 miles of remodelling on the P-R-K survey. The proposed works in the UJC
include Daul, Pindi Lala Extension, Siwa, Thatta Pur, 1-R of Thatta Pur, 2-R of Gakhar, 3-R
of Gakhar, 1-L of Dhanola, Dok Murad, and Majra Drains.
Office siting has been prepared for the Mangtanwala Unit (500 tubewells) in Project 4.
Data concerning outlets, water requirements, and the preparation of a tubewell location base
map are nearly completed.

The progress of work for the Section is reported by Project as follows:

CHAJ DOAB Design alignment and profile surveys were completed on the modified alternate
PROJECT 2 of the Mangat Drain near the tail of Rattowal Minor.

Depth to subsurface water levels continued to be collected for the hydrologic
data necessary for evaluation of the Chot-Rukan watershed. Subsurface water level observations
were completed for Mangat Drain (9 miles). The work on the construction of 28 G.T. Stations
and protected Bench Marks for the Survey of Pakistan for new photographic surveys was suspended
during the first part of the Quarter due to heavy rains. Construction was resumed by the end of
July but only three stations were to be constructed at that time.
At the beginning of the Quarter, two field parties from Surface Drainage were working
in tubewell siting and data collection in the Marala-Ravi Unit of Project 4. These crews were
later shifted to the Mangtanwala Unit as field activities became almost impossible in the M-R
area.
Preliminary plotting of alignment details of Pandowai and Bhiki Branch Drains were
completed. Magnetic bearings of the Pandowal Drain were computed,and the field data regarding
the bench marks and profiles of the Gojra, Pandowal, Bhikhi, Beko Outfall and Mangat Drains
were checked.
Design alignment and profile survey work was completed on the modified alternate of
Rukan Drain at the point of the metalled road crossing. The layout of preliminary design details
and checking of drafted prints continued in progress throughout the report period.

LOWER THAL DOAB
PROJECT 3 The Plan and Profile sheets of the Ghazi Ghat Main and Branch Drains were
completed and seht to the Design Section. Inlet locations were finalized along
this drainage system. Seven penetration tests were performed at sites of proposed V.R. bridges
along the Kot Adu Main Drain.
Chak Bandi maps of the Rangpur Unit were collected for use in office siting of tubewells
in that area. Two copies of the maps were sent to the Project Engineer, Gene White, for use
at Multan. A base map of this Unit on the mosaic scale of 1.5 inches to 1 mile was prepared and
sent to the Project 3 office at Multan for use in field and office siting of the tubewell unit.





65-A.30


UPPER RECHNA DOAB
PROJECT 4 Preliminary office siting for 125 tubewells in the Mangtanwala Unit were
completed during the month of September, and 75 were completed in August.
The preparation of the base map for tubewell locations is nearly completed and additional field
work needs to be done in the area between the Degh Diversion Channel and the Lahore-
Sheikhupura road. About 500 tubewells have been scheduled for this area, and the Project 4
Contractor ill most likely shift to the Mangtanwala area in the event that construction work
is shut down in the Marala-Ravl Unit.
Outlet register data was collected from the Irrigation Department at Shelkhupura, and
the information has been processed. Culturable area and gher mumkan figures were obtained
for nearly all of the outlets, and the irrigation boundaries of the outlet chaks were marked on
the chak bandi maps.

LOWER RECHNA DOAB
PROJECT 5 Data collection continued in progress up to the time of the national emer-
gency. Field work was suspended during the war, because of curfew and
gas rationing restrictions.
A base map was obtained from the Irrigation Department, and maps were received from
the Lyallpur Drainage Division and Jaranwala Drainage Division of the Lyalipur Drainage
Circle. The boundaries of project 5 were marked on the drainage maps. The existing and
proposed drains, as proposed by the Irrigation Department, were plotted on the base map of
Project 5. The junior engineer, Rashidul Qamar Khan, made another trip to Lyallpur to
collect surface drainage information from the drainage divisions. Some preliminary studies
concerning the drainage requirements of the Project 5 area have been made and these will be
integrated into the basic data for the Project 5 Report.





65-A.31


FIELD ENGINEERING SECTION

Project tubewell siting reported progress in the two offices, Multan and Lahore, and
tubewell location maps have been prepared for all areas where the siting program is active.
Robert Crowley directed the field and office siting of tubewells in Project 2 and Project
4, assisted by Syed Mehboob Hussain Shah, Senior Engineer.. The work in Project 3 was under
the direction of Gene White, Project Engineer for Project No. 3, and the Senior Engineer,
M. Ataur-Rehman.
Progress for the Section is recorded by Project, Subproject, and Unit for all the tubewell.
projects now underway. The progress is as follows:

PROJECT NO. 2 (Chaj Doab)
Upper Jhelum Subproject:
BUSAL UNIT (250 Tubewells)
A total of 250 sketch and data forms concerning tubewell sites and well data have
been transmitted to the Construction Division.

PHALIA UNIT (310 Tubewells)
A total of 190 sketch and data forms concerning tubewell sites and well data have'
been transmitted to the Construction Division. Field siting, distribution and office processing
is being completed for 14 and 15 -'R Distributaries.
SOHAWA UNIT (260 Tubewells)
250 site sketch and Data forms have been sent to the Construction Division. Fifteen
tubewell sites have been located in an uncommanded area along the Lower Jhelum Canal.
Private tubewell owners in the area objected to the installation of WAPDA Tubewells. The
objections will be investigated in the field.


PROJECT NO. 3 (Lower Thai Doab)

KOT ADU UNIT (500 Tubewells)
Chak bandi office sitings for 200 tubewell locations have been completed. The field
siting and distribution have been completed for 110 tubewells.

A LIPUR UNIT (500 Tubewells)
The field mapping of existing watercourses has been completed for 500 tubewells.
Final office siting has been done for 110 tubewell locations, and the field siting and distri-
8ution work has been done for 65 wellsI

RANGPUR UNIT (500 Tubewells)
Data collection has been completed for the Rangpur Unit, and chak band office siting
details have been completed for 350 preliminary sites,


PROJECT NO. 4 (Upper Rechna Doab)

MARALA-RAVI UNIT (400 Tubewells approximately)
Office siting has been completed for 35 tubewell sites, and 15 of the sites have been





65-A. 32


sent to the field for various checking of data in the preparation of the final tubewell sites.
Work in the Marala-Ravi Unit was begun with the issuance of private tubewell notices on
the 16th of July. Vehicles and personnel were shifted to the project area to expedite the
field siting in preparation for the construction program by the Contracter, Geoistrazivanja.

After the national emergency proclamation on the 6th of September, field work was
virtually impossible in the Marala-Ravi Unit. For a time the field siting activities were shifted
to the area of Begum Pur, Kotli and Phadiar Distributaries in the central portion of the Unit
away from the border. Travel, transportation, and gas rationing, and the time element for
the preparation of tubewell sites forced the active field siting to go to the Mangtanwala Unit
south of the Lahore Sheikhupura highway.



Office engineering functions continued throughout the report period with the prepara-
tion of tubewell location base maps from mosaics and photo-enlargements. Maps for all of the
tubewell units and active projects have been completed. These maps have been furnished 'o
the construction and planning groups, and to field offices whenever they are completed. Re-
visions are also published and the tubewell maps are issued to show progress in the fields of
office siting, preliminary tubewell locations and the final sites of the proposed and constructed
tubeweI Is.
Forms were made for the recording and inventory of tubewell siting data. These forms
and the original records are maintained in several stages of progress with the Field Engineeririn
Section.
Field personnel of the siting group were transferred to the Project 5 area for data
collection and work relating to the preparation of data for project planning purposes. The
two crews and their vehicles are on temporary assignment.







65-A.33


DESIGN ENGINEERING SECTION

The work of the Design Engineering Section was primarily centered around the drainage
contract areas of Project 2 and Project 3. Work on the production of engineering drawings
continued in progress, this was true for the standard drawings as well as new drawings depicting
field conditions and design data for proposed drainage systems.
This Section supervised the detailed drafting of many of the engineering drawings and
design drawings. This was done through the activities of the senior engineer, Ijaz Ahmad
Hamayun, and the junior engineer, Mohd. Faiz.
Progress continued on the supervision of the modification of drawings for contract
documents in Project 2 (Chot-Rukan and Bhera-Mona systems), and for Project 3 (Kot Adu Main
Drain, Ghazi Ghat Main Drain and Ghazi Ghat Branch Drain). Inspections were made of
the works in progress
Revisions were made on the following drawings which were transmitted to the Denver
Office: Construction of Tubewells: "Installation of Casing and Pump,-Fiberglass Tubewell
Casing"; "Pump House,-Plan, Sections and Details"; and "Discharge Box Installation,-Plans,
and Sections .
Construction drawing 2-208-2, "Mona Drain R.D. 1+900, Fall Structure Cum V.R.
Bridge", was completed.
Copies of all engineering drawings required by the Construction Division and Wapda
were supplied on a request basis throughout the Quarter.
Progress for the drainage works is reported by Doab and Drain, as follows:

CHAJ DOAB:
C hot and Rukan Drains, and Mona-Bhera System:
On an inspection trip to Chot-Rukan and Mona Drains by Engineer Olin Kalmbach,
and Projects Manager Robert C. Bolger, the problems of the drainage system in general were
investigated. It was strongly recommended that the Fall Structure on Mona Drain at R.D.
1+900 be constructed as soon as possible to halt the retrogression of the channel which is
endangering the siphon structure on Chot Drain crossing the Lower Jhelum Canal. It was also
suggested that if possible the two fall structures on Rukan Drain be included with the fall on
Mona Drain.
Quantity and cost estimates were made for the Fall Structures on Rukan Drain at R.D.
0+180 and 3+400, and Mona Drain at R.D. 1+900 for the purpose of Wapda's negotiating a
contract to construct these three structures.
Contract Documents were completed for Contract 2-208, "Bhera-Mona Drainage System,
Construction of Structures". The master copy of the Contract Documents was compiled and
is ready for reproduction and issuing of Notice for Tender whenever necessary. In compliance
with Wapda instructions, this contract will not be advertised this year.
A new drawing was prepared to show the construction of wing walls and brick pitching
open for the existing siphon crossing the L.J.C. by the Chot Drain,


THAL DOAB:
Kot Adu Main Drain, and Ghazi Ghat Main Drain systems:
Assignments were made to drill auger holes, make visual classification of soils,.and to
perform standard penetration tests at all bridge sites. This work was essentially completed
during the Quarter, for Kot Adu Main Drain Contract 3-204. For Contract 3-205 it was






65-A .34


necessary to re-evaluate the necessity, size and proposed location for three inlets and one
bridge site on this drain (Kot Adu Main), because of a change in alignment by the Project
Engineer.
Due to these changes in alignment of Kot Adu Main Drain as finally staked out in the
field, the need for inlets at R.D. 17+340, 40+750, and 44+350 were re-analyzed. Upon the
review of the tributary drainage areas as indicated on the chak band maps, it was decide to
eliminate the inlet proposed at R.D. 44+350 and to include the other two as originally proposed.
Additional borings and standard penetration tests were made at all proposed bridge sites
to determine safe foundation bearing values. From the results of the foundation investigation,
it was determined that the foundation material at RD. 21+050 would not support the pier and
abutments as originally proposed (including 12" addition to toe of abutment). A multiple box
culvert using foundation alternate X has therefore been substituted at this site. The correct
elevations for abutments and piers for all the other bridges were determined from these soil
investigations.

Alignments of Ghazi Ghat Wain and Branch Drain were laid out on aerial photographs
to determine the upper extremity or cutoff points.



The Design Engineering Section maintained the progress charts and the program schedules
for the engineering office. Monthly reports were prepared to the Project Director relating the
progress of work and personnel requirements.


* *






65-A. 35


DATA AND MAPPING SECTION

The Data and Mapping Section served as a general service unit for the Construction
Division, Reclamation Engineering Division, and Planning Division, in providing the drawings
and data needed for their.activities on a direct daily basis. The work of the Section for the
report period is recorded by the following categories; (1) Publication of Documents, (2) Data
Collection, and (3) Office Engineering.

(1) PUBLICATION OF DOCUMENTS:
Progress Report No. 64-D was completed and copies were distributed to Wapda and
the Consultants. The report contained the summary of progress for the Planning and Reclama-
tion Engineering Divisions for the Fourth Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1964-65, April through
June, and the work done applicable to the "Salinity Control and Reclamation Consulting
Services" covered under the "069" AID agreement. The copies given to Dr. Haneef, Technical
Director Wapda, were in turn transmitted to the Director General, Planning and Investigations,
which assembled a composite progress report with progress summary from Harza. The two reports
were published under one cover.

The Pro ject 4 Report was completed and 270 copies were assembled and spiral bound.
The text and illustrations were prepared at Istaqlal Press. The color plates were supplied by
the Denver Office, with the exception of Plates 22 and 23. Copies of the report, along with
the supplemental documents of "Loan Application" and Project Proforma were transmitted to
Wapda for distribution. Copies of the report were also distributed to the staff of the Engineer
and the Planning and Construction Sections. Reprints were made of Plate 1, "Map of Indus
Plains", because of the demand for this color illustration to be used in other publications
and for the Proforma and Loan Application documents. That same illustration is also included
in this progress report. The final assembly trimming and spiral binding of the Project 4 Report
were done at Wapda Press. The entire process from printing to binding took approximately
five days.

Contract Documents were prepared for the Alipur Unit of Project 3. Some 100 copies
of the report were bound and returned to the Construction Division. The illustrations and gray
covers for the reports were made by this Section through the efforts of Istaqlal Press. The
offset printing and press work is supervised by the Section's Head Draftsman, Abdul Rashid.

Contract Documents were brought up to date by the Construction Division for the
Upper Jhelum Subproject. Illustrations were prepared for offset printing, and the text was
made via duplicating machine. One hundred copies of the report were assembled, and 60
copies were bound for distribution.

Illustrations and text were prepared for the re-printing of the Contract Documents for
the Khadir Tubewell Unit. The report has been assembled. However, certain inserts still need
to be made before the report can be bound. All covers and necessary illustrations have been
printed.

Illustrations were prepared for the Progress Report No. 35 of the Construction Division,
for the month of August 1965, Color figures and progress charts were corrected to show recent
progress, and the illustrations were printed by offset press. The text and assembly were done
b y the Construction Division.






65-A.36


(2) DATA COLLECTION:
Concentrated effort was made on the acquisition of published data on Economics of
agriculture and development in West Pakistan, and reports on irrigated agriculture and water
requirements. The offices of the Minstery for Food and Agriculture (Agriculture Census),
the Bureau of Statistics, Irrigation and Drainage Departments, and Consultants to Wapda, and
other governmental and cooperative agencies, released dataa required for the background
studies relating to the development of the Regional Plan Report for the Upper Indus Basin.
The data were conveyed to the Planning Division.
The Junior Engineer, Sharaf Sultan, and two tracers went to Trimmu, Kot Adu, Jhang,
Khanewal, and the Bahawalpur region to collect Irrigation Department Index Maps and other
data for Lower Rechna (Project 5), Lower Thai (Project 3), and the Panjnad Command (Project
6).
River discharge data were obtained from the Superintending Engineer of the Discharge
Division at Moghulpura in Lahore, with special permission to transmit the records to the 141-E-1
Planning office for detailed copy work. Forms were prepared for recording the data on repro-
ducible radio bond. The Planning staff controlled the task of completing the records for the
rivers of the Punjab and returning the data to the Discharge Division.

(3) OFFICE ENGINEERING:
Soils maps are being prepared for Wasid from pencil tracings of detailed aerial photo-
graphic surveys of Bari Doab. The task is primarily one of Inking the mylar sheets and doing
the necessary machine lettering work. There are some 600 photographs containing soils data
for Bari Doab and the completion of the job will probably be realized "during the middle of
the next Quarter. The job requires the efforts of four tracers and one draftsman working full-
time to complete the program. The job is being supervised by the overseer for each subdivi-i
sion of the Wasid breakdown of Bari Doab. Ken Gowans of Harza is the special technical
adviser on the soils mapping project. The work must be completed on Bari Doab before data
can be published concerning regional soil classification and salinity.
The drafting room personnel prepared engineering drawings and tubewell location maps V
for the Reclamation Engineering Division. Special illustrations for subject reports by the
Planning Division and the Project Director's office were prepared on request throughout the
report period. Soils maps were colored showing the Wasid data by color code for the Planning
office. A record was maintained of the aerial photographs, and a ready reference enabled the
extraction needed photographs to be easily made. The same was true for the Survey of Pakistan
sheets.
Incoming maps concerning the irrigation systems and agricultural development were put
into the filing system, and recorded for future use. The routines of blueprinting and photo-
copy work progressed on a day-to-day requirement basis.
The position of Circle Head Draftsman was vacant for nearly four months. During that
time the supervision of the drafting staff has been done primarily by the Senior Engineering and
the Junior Engineer. A new Circle Head Draftsman will report for duty during the first part of
the Second Quarter.



For details concerning the relative locations of the project areas, consult the data
shown on Plate 2, following page 24 of this report; and the more detailed base map of the"
Punjab irrigation and communications system following page 37.


t *





65-A.37


RECLAMATION ENGINEERING

ACTIVITIES FOR THE SECOND QUARTER OF FISCAL YEAR 1965-66

The schedule of activities for the next quarter will be a continuation of the work that
was in progress during this report period. Work will continue on the modification of drawings
for structure contracts and drainage excavation.
In Project 2, the excavation work will continue by the Machinery Pool Organization
for the Chot-Rukan Drainage system. The MPO contract was started last May and the work
is scheduled for one year. Similarily, MPO has the contract to do the excavation on the
Bhera-Mana system, but no work has been done on the one-year project.
Tubewell siting will continue in the Upper Jhelum Subproject and along the fresh
water zones of the 2-B area.

For Project 3, Contract Documents for Ghazi Ghat Main Drain and Branch Drain will
be prepared. A general review will be made of the Kot Adu Main Drain excavation and
construction development to keep up with field conditions and design requirements. The modi-
fication of drawings to meet local construction problems will also be a part of the activities
for the Second Quarter. Tubewell siting will be progressing in Kot Adu, Alipur and Rangpur
Units.
Project 4 will show increased activity in the Mangtanwala Tubewell Unit concerning
the preparation for firm tubewell locations for drilling purposes. Data collection will
continue throughout the Project 4 area, and work may be resumed in the field siting of wells
for the Marala-Ravi Unit in fulfillment of the Barter contract as scheduled. These field jobs
depend primarily on travel restrictions and the possibility of further military activities along
the border areas.

Data collection will be in progress for Project 5, Lower Rechna, and the preparation
of semi-final illustrations for the text of the Project 5 Report will be underway. The comple-
tion of the project base map for the report illustrations will begin to precipitate the data
in final form use in the project report. Special engineering studies cacerning tubewell sites,
drainage requirements, etc., will be made by the Engineering group in cooperation with the
Planning staff.

The tracing work on the soils maps of Wasid will continue for the Bari Doab area. Blue-
print copies of the maps will be made, and the job should be completed during the next quarter.
The production of drawings and making of blueprints for all the sections of Project Preparation
will continue on a daily demand basis.


* *




PLATE 4


GROUND WATER AND RECLAMI

Upper Indus Basin-W.

\Completed Tubewell Under
Projects Constru

SPR~OJE T NO. 1] Project N
,_ ,--' ubro1
Si4o ect No. 2 KHADIR
J TI[TAIUtJRfT UPPER J
Subpro

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*.


GROUND WATER AND RECLAMA
INDEX MAP
'- ,(Projec ts, Subp.o_.c
"(Projects, Subprojects

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PROJECT


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and Units)
THAL,CHAJ,RECHNA,


aARJ AND nAMAWAI Plig -I


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