• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Preface
 Map
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Description of plates
 General organizational chart- ground...
 Wapda organizational chart- technical...
 Schedule of tubewell projects
 Financial summary
 Staffing quater for the second...
 Planning division
 Reclamation engineering divisi...






Title: Salinity control and reclamation consulting services
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00023154/00001
 Material Information
Title: Salinity control and reclamation consulting services
Series Title: Progress report - Salinity control and reclamation consulting services - No. 65-B
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: West Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority
Publisher: Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc.
Publication Date: October-December 1965
 Subjects
Subject: Farming   ( lcsh )
Agriculture   ( lcsh )
Farm life   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: Asia -- Pakistan
 Notes
Funding: Electronic resources created as part of a prototype UF Institutional Repository and Faculty Papers project by the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00023154
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        B 1
    Preface
        B 2
    Map
        B 2a
    Table of Contents
        B 3
    Introduction
        B 4
    Description of plates
        B 5
    General organizational chart- ground water and reclamation program
        B 6
    Wapda organizational chart- technical operating division and consultants
        B 7
        B 8
    Schedule of tubewell projects
        B 9
    Financial summary
        B 10
    Staffing quater for the second quater 1965-66
        B 11
    Planning division
        B 12
        Organizational chart - supervisory personnel
            B 13
        Technical staff
            B 14
            B 15
        Planning
            B 16
            B 17
            Regional planning
                B 18
                B 19
                B 20
            Project planning
                B 21
                B 22
                B 22
        Planning activities for the thrid quater of fiscal year 1965-66
            B 23
            B 23a
            B 23b
    Reclamation engineering division
        B 24
        Supervisory personnel
            B 25
        Technical staff
            B 26
        Reclamation engineering activities for second quater 1965-66
            B 27
            B 28
            Surface drainage section
                B 29
                B 30
            Field engineering section
                B 31
                B 32
            Design engineering section
                B 33
                B 34
            Data and mapping section
                B 35
                B 36
        Reclamation engineering activities for thrid quater 1965-66
            B 37
            B 38
Full Text



WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
LAHORE, WEST PAKISTAN / 0C ('







-069-
PROGRESS REPORT
NO. 65-B






SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION
CONSULTING SERVICES






SECOND QUARTER
1965-66
(October through December)






TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC.
ENGINEERS





65-B. I


WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
Lah ile, West PaKistan







GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAMS

(UPPER INDUS BASIN)

PROGRESS REPORT

No, 65-B

SECOND QUARTER

1965 66


SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES


PLANNING

AND


R E C LA M AT 0 N


EN G INEER ING


TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC
Engineers


Denver, Colorado USA


Lahore, West Pakistan


JANUARY 1 9 6 6





65-B.2


WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
Lahore, West Pakistan


GROUND WATER AND RECLAvMATION PROGRAMS

(UPPER INDUS BASIN)

SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES

PROGRESS REPORT No. 65 B

SECOND QUARTER

1965 66

(October through December)



Pr e face

Piorjiess Report No. 65-B is a summary of the work performed by the Planning and
Reclamation Engineering Divisions, and the progress of that vork during the Second Quarter
of the Fiscal Year 1965-66, October through December.
These offices are a part of the Projects Preparation Division of the Wapda Ground
Water and Reclamation Program. Their activities cover all phases of investigation and project
planning for tne development of irrigation and drainage programs in the Upper Indus Basin.
The 20 million acres involved in these programs are vitally important to the future of
Pakistan. The purpose of Wapda'a Ground Water and Reclamation Projects is to enhance the
aouricult:.ral economy of Pakistan.
Tne Upp:er Indus Basin's agricultural lands lie between the outwash plains of tne foot-
hills of the Himalayas and the command of Panjnad Headworus. These lands have becorMle the
agricultural complex of West Pakistan. They are fed by the waters of the Indus River and its
tributaries, the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, Beas, and Paijnad Rivers. The problems
within the.doabs are both regional and unique. Whether the solutions to these problems of
salinity control and reclamation involve additional water supplies, adequate drainage, or
agriculture ral planning, they all require a great deal of investigation and analysis.
In these investigational and analytical phases evolve the project planning and reclama-
tion engineering activities of the Engineers, Tipton and Kalrnbach, Inc., and the Project Pre-
paration Circle of Wapda. From investigations and analyses come the recommendations, reports,
and design criteria for tubewells, the engineering of new irrigation and drc:. : !re channels, and
the remodelling of existing systems.
From conception to completion, all of thcse projects require the delicate balance of
engineering, economics, aid agricultural planning.




PLATE I




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-u40 As. SCALE OF MILES~ cr~r






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4Project Area



k Is, WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT Aurm6RITY
IFa-- TIPTON AND0 KALMBACH, INC. EN61NEERS

'ISAL INITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION
~PROJECT NO. 4


.- MAP OF INDUS PLAINS



o3 ,s. ,.1 ,"
III I TA4. 31OL





65-B,3


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page B.1
Preface B, 2
Table of Contents List of Illustrations B.3
Introduction B.4
Description of Plates B.5
General Organization Chart Ground Water and Reclamation Program B.6-
Wapda Organization Chart Technical Operating Divisions and Consultants B,7
Schedule of Tubewell Projects B.9
Financial Summary B.10
Staffing Table foi the Second Quarter 1965-66 B.11
PLANNING DIVISION B.12
Organizational Chart Supervisiry Personnel B. 13
Technical Staff B.14
Planning Activities for the Second Quarter B. 16
REGIONAL PLANNING B.18
PROJECT PLANNING B.21
Planning Activities for the Third Quarter of Fiscal Year 1965-66 B.23
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING DIVISION B.24
Supervisory Personnel B.25
Technical Staff B.26
Reclamation Engineering Activities for the Second Quarter 1965-66 B.27
Surface Drainage Section B.29
Field Engineering Section 8.31
Design Engineering Section B.33
Data and Mapping Section B.35
Reclamation Engineering Activities for the Third Quarter 1965-66 B.37



I ILLUSTRATION S

Plate 1 Map of Indus Plains Following page B .2
Plate 2 Progress of Regional Planning Opeiations B.20
Plate.3 Ground Water and Reclamation Program B.23
Location Map
Plate 4 Ground Water and Reclamation Program B 37
SIndex Map





65-B.4


INTRODUCTION

The PLANNING and RECLAMATION ENGINEERING Sections of Projects Preparation
function independently and conc)mritanttly. Each produces vital information for the other, and,
t gather they formulated project reports, design criteria, and the engineering basis for forth-
corning ground water and reclamation projects. The Sections are composed of indigenous and
expatriate personnel whose assignments cover all phases of investigation and planning in the
Ground Watel and Reclamati.on Programs.
The first group, PLANNING, is concerned primarily witi the regional planning
activities, ground water and surface water balance, soil and water studies, and the planning
of new pljects It is also an agency of investigation; not only for the details concerned with
future surface and ground water programs, but also into the operation of present and past
reclamation schemes. It provides the guidance for feasible and economical ground water and
re clanat ion projects.
The second group, RECLAMATION ENGINEERING, concerns itself with the physical
aspects of reclamation programs. It is this group which provides the working data for the loca-
tion of irrigation and drainage tubewells, the survey and design of drainage and irrigation
w .ks, the production of drawings for construction and planning purposes, and the assembly of
information from various sources for all phases of the ground water and reclamation programs.

The following is a brief outline of the offices within each of the groups:

PLANNING RECLAMATION ENGINEERING

Regional Planning Sections Surface Drainage Section

Engineering Field Engineering Section
H/drology
Agriculture Design Engineering Section
Ecnonoics
Data and Mapping Section
Project Planning Sections


T: i Progress Report will summarize the work performed by each Section during the
months of October, November, and December in the Second Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66;
and the personnel inv.olIved in this portion of Projects Preparation.
These Divisions function under the direction of Robert C. Bolger, Projects Manager,
Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc., Ground Water and Reclamation Projects. The main office of the
Engineer is located at 27 E-1, Gulberg II1, Lahore. The Chief of Planning is Dr. P.E.
Hildebrand. The Planning offices are located at 141 E-1, Gulberg III. George H. Gell heads
the Reclamation Engineering Division with offices located at 31-Main, Gulberg.

Sayyid Hamid, Chief Engineer WAPDA Ground Water and Reclamation Division,
coordinates the ground water and reclamation programs through the Consultants and the Deputy
Chief Engineer Sardar Allah Bakhsh, and the Project Director of Planning and Projects Prepara-
tion, Khan Abdul Hamhid Khan. The Project Director's central office is located at 141 E-1,
Gulberg III, Lahore. The Deputy Chief Engineer's offices are located at 41 G, Gulberg. The
offices of tie Chief Engineer are located at Sunny View Estate, the main headquarters of the
West Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority.


* -k


















. A


Tihroughout Progress Report 65-3 are a series of four Plates which depict the pro ress
and the scope and the boundaries o0 activities for the Ground Water and Reclamatioti Program
in the Upper lidus Basin. These illustrations show the ma gnitude of the overall program to
reclaim and to earich the agricultural economy of Pakistan.
Plate 1 is a general .map of V,.est Pakistan and border areas, showing the extent of the
S.iius Plains in West Pakistan,. Tie area of interest for this progress report is principally that
laid whici. lies above tic Gudu Barrage, and it represents the largest single reclamation under-
taking in t,e wo rld.
Plate 2 is a chart of progresss prepared by tihe Planning Division to show the background
and subject studies involved in t.he preparation of the Regional Plan Report for reclamation and
works in tie Upper Indus Basin. At present, most of the studies are roughly compiled in the
form of basic data vwhicn v ill require analyses to evolve the paranetlers for the Report and for
project planning purposes.
Plate 3 is an indication of the project areas in general, and their positions in the
development program. The progress of project preparation and construction can be seen from
this map Accomrpanyihng Plate 3 is Figure 1 which gives a detailed listing of the Projects,
Subprojects, and Units i 1 the tubewell construction phases of the Ground Water and Reclama-
t io Pr- gram.
Plate 4 is an Index Map to that portion of the Upper Indus Basin in which the Ground
Water and Reclarnation Program is concentrated. This map gives a more detailed analysis of
t0-i culture, communications systems, and the iirigation systems of the area. The Projects,
Sul:pri jets, and Units of the Ground VWater and Reclamation Program are also shown on this
map .





65-B.6



General Organization Chart
Ground Water and Reclamatio:n Programs


TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC.
ENGINEERS


PROJECTS
v'ANAGE




GENERAL PLAN ING RECLAMATION CO INSTRUCTION
ENGINEERING
SERVICES DIVISION DIVISION DIVISION





Regional Planning Sections Surface Drainage Section


En(-irtice ing

Anr ic u Itore
E cc no n cs

fX I lanninq Sections


Field Enginericeing Section

Design Engineering Section

Dta and Mappi Sion
FData and Mapping Sectioni





GOVERNOR
WEST PAKISTAN

SECRETARY TO GOVT. OF WEST PAKISTAN
IRRIGATION AND POWER DEPARTMENT


VER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
ND MEMBERS
WATER WING

NSULTANTSI


WEST PAKISTAN WATER ANC
CHAIRMAN
P-OWER WING

GENERA

General Manager Power Consulting Services
PO E,', I E-
I BP CONSULTING SERV
----------- -------- ------ --


CHIEF ENGINEER CH
Indus Basin Projects Gr
Div. Rec

PROJECT Proje
CONSULTANTS TIPTON


PROJECT
CONSULTANTS

DIRECTOR
Planning and
Development


I
OPERATIONAL
MANAGER


Four Regional
Managers


DIRECTOR
Standards and Designs


CHIEF EN
CONSTRL


) POV
N A


L CO


---I

ICES;
--.-


GENERAL CONSULTING SERVICES
--- ---- -- -- -


---I


IEF ENGINEER CHIEF ENGINEER CHIEF ENGINEER I
found Water and Water and Soils Development and
lamation Div. Investigation Div.' Coordination Div.

ct Consultants PROJECT DIRECTOR GENERAL
& KALMBACH, INC. CONSULTANTS Planning and
ng MacDonald '.- Investigations

E DESIGNS R
GINEER DIRECTORATE


ACTION


WAPDA
ORGANIZATIONAL CHART'
Showing
TECHNICAL OPERATING DIVISIONS
and
CONSULTANTS


. .PRINCIPAL
; Training Ins.


DEVELOPMENT
S DIRECTORATE

CHIEF ENGINEER
Northern Zone Sche mres

Karachi Irrigation
SProject (HUB) -
,- I


'"

,i





65-B,8


The following Table, "Planning, Preparation and Construction Schedule for Tubewell
Projects", gives the outline of project phasing for the calendar years 1965 and 1966 for WAPDA
Projects 2, 3, 4, and 5. More than 7,800 tubewells for irrigation and drainage reclamation
are involved to various degrees of completion over this two-year period. This also represents
about 75 percent of the tubewell program planned for the Third Five-Year Plan.
The total number of tubewells planned for each Project is given, also the breakdowns
for the subprojects, units, and contracts are shown with their respective tubewell requirements.
Planning has been completed for Projects 2,3, and 4. Planning is underway on Project 5, and
much of the data for the forthcoming Project Report have been evaluated to formulate the working
parameters for project analyses. Project 2 is in several stages of Construction and Preparation.
Preparation has been completed for most of Project 3, and Construction is in progress. Increased
activity in construction phases will be forthcoming throughout 1966 for Project 3 and Project 4.
The field siting activity and preparation "or construction in Project 4, Upper Rechna
Doab, has shifted from the Marala-Ravi Unit to the Mangtanwala Unit. Negotiations were'
completed to transfer the Contract for 300 tubewells to the new area. The Marala-Ravi Unit
has been delayed because of the difficulties which arose out of the National Emergency, and
the location of the Unit in relationship to the India-Pakistan border. Field siting is in progress
for the Mangtanwala Unit which will enable construction to proceed. Contract Documents for
the Mangtanwala Unit are essentially completed, and they are scheduled to be published about
the middle of January 1966. The preliminary tubewell location map showing office siting and
access to the Unit has been revised to reflect the contract limitations in the area between Degh
Nallah and the Ravi River where the Mangtanwala Unit is situated.
Regional Planning is culminating a number of subject studies on water use, design
criteria, agricultural studies, and related investigations pertaining to the Ground Water and
Reclamation Program into the forthcoming Regional Planning Report. Many of the studies have
essentially been completed for correlation with related data, and the culmination of subject
reports on a regional basis is scheduled for mid-1966. For details concerning the areas of
investigation and concentrated study, see the chart, "Progress of Regional Planning Operations",
included as Plate 2 in this progress report. Plate 2 shows the progress of regional planning
up to the end of the Second Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66.


* *






.V/ATER: A ND. RECLAMATIO N PRO GRAM
UPPER.jN I UNDUS :AS [N):


PLANNING,


PREPARATION. ;AND CONSTRUCTION
SFOR
T U B.'EW EL :L: P"RO JEC T S


SCHEDULE.


Tubewellis


1965


4 + I 4_


PROJECT NO. 2 CHAJ DOAB
Upper Jhelum Subproject
** Khadir Unit

Lower Jhelum Subproject


PROJECT NO. 3 LOWER THAL DOAB
** Unit 1 Alipur Unit
Unit 2 Kot Adu Unit
Unit 3-


PROJECT NO. 4- UPPER RECHNA DOAB .
** Mongtanwala Unit
Sheikhupura Unit


PROJECT NO. 5 LOWER RECHNA DOAB'-.


REGIONAL PLANNING


* 2,150
'850;
205

S'900."


S1,500
:500
500
500 .


2,-00
300
500

' 3Q0.
"::; 50 : .


I 1 I




I'
1~* I


I, 4


LI


I; t.


Ploirning

Cc.atrazt& SigreJ


P tic':; Cc.~3l- 2.:


GROUND


1966


I I I


* a


.`~
Cr.


I I


-


'









i


"M


I






1
FINANCIAL SUMMARY '

DOLLAR AND RUPEE EXPENDITURES

Second Quarter 1965-66
(October through December)


Dollar components are actual expenditures for the periods as reported by Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc.
Rupee components are local expenditures, provisional for the periods, as reported by WAPDA.

Figures previously reported have been revised after adjustment of-additional expenditures relating to the period.

Estimated expenditures based on average and anticipated expenditures for the report period


EXPENDITURES
It e m Period of Report Expenditure During Period Totals To Date
DOLLARS RUPEES DOLLARS RUPEES

TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC. Fiscal Year 63-64 480,624 700,500 480,624 700,500
Lets of Cs July 1963 through June 1964
Letters of Commitments
S 391-H-069-3 Fiscal Year 64-65 664,892 553,103 1,145,516 1,253,603
Issued June, 11, 1964
d J 1 July 1.964 through June 1965
TDD

1,037 (1) Fiscal Year 65-66
S1,037,000 .July 1965 through June 1966
;+ 116,500 (Aug. 30, 1965)

51,153,500 1st Quarter (July Sept,) 106,472* 112,576 1,251,988- 1,366,179
+ 5C0,500 (January 1966)
2nd Quarter (Oct. Dec.) 145,394"* 115,778 1,397,382*- 1,481,957
5 l,.s54,000 ,. October 45,694 43,889
_____ _"" ...... November 50,400** 41,708
(1) .. .. : December 49,300"* 30,181
Includes $329,596 paid direct.to
Wapda for period July 1963
through Mfarch 1964.


**-





65-B.11


WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
Lahore, West Pakistan

GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAMS

STAFFING TABLE FOR SECOND QUARTER 1965-66
October through December


Authorized Average Actual Number Total Man-Hours
Full Strength Number at the End of Worked during
Reporting Second Quarter Second Quarter

PROFESSIONAL
Expatriate 15 10 9 6,940
Pakis:a ii 72 66 66 26,300
Engineers
Geologists
Agronomists
Economists
Hydrolog ists

SUBPROFESSIONAL
Expatriate 0 0 0 0
Pakistani 88 80 77 37,000
Overseers
Zilladars
Pa twar is
Draf-ts men
Tracers

GENERAL SERVICES
Expatriate* 4 4 4 2,620

NONPROFESSIONAL
Pakistani 105 101 100 48,200
SSuperintendent
Senior Clerks
Stenotypists
Typists
Stenographers
Junior Clerks
Peons

Tota ls :
Expatriate 19 14 13 8,250
Pakistani 265 247 233 111,500


* 50% charge to "069" activities.




65-B 12


P LAN NI N G


D IV IS IO N





65-B. 13


SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES*


* Personnel shown as departmental heads at the close of the Second Quarter of the
Fiscal Year 1965-66, October through December.






TECHNICAL STAFF
PLANNING DIVISION
Personnel Classification


CHIEF OF PLANNING

REGIONAL PLANNING
Civil Engineer
H hydrologist
A gronornist
Senior Engineer
Senior Engineer
Jr. Engineer
Ji. Engineer
Geologist
Soil and Water Chemist
Research Assistant
Jr. Officer Statistics


Second Quarter
1965 66


(Pakistani and Expatriate*)

Dr. P, E. Hildebrand*

S W Mao*
Gilbert N. Haycock*
John Logan*

Khalid Mohtadullah
S B. Hassan
Ikrarn-ul-Haq
Syeed N. Nasri
Mohd. Alam
Anwa I-ul-Haque
Tariq Shah
Miss Shafqat Sultana


PROJECT PLANNING


HYDROLOGY SECTION
Hydrologist
Senior Engrineer
Jr. Engineer
Jr. Engineer
Jr Engineer
Jr. Geologist
Jr Geologist
Jr. Geologist
Jr Research Officer
Research Assistant

AGRICULTURE SECTION
Agronomist
Agriculturalist
Superintending Research Officer
Agronomist
Agronomist
Agronomist
Agronomist
Agronomist
Soil and Water Chemist
9 Zilladars
S1 Patwaris


Ben M. Petitt,Jr*
Khurshid Ahmad
M. Shahbaz
Abdul Hamid
Khalil Ahmad
A,R.K. Javed
A.R. Aziz
Saced Hussain
M. Sadiq Hassan
Amitul Nasir


Niel A. Dimick*


Dr. Mohd Iqbal
Nazir Ahmad Kisama
Mohsin Nawaz
Mohd. Akram Khan
Rahmat All
Najmul Hasan
Mohd Aslam


65-B.14





65-B.15


TECHNICAL STAFF
PLANNING DIVISION
Personnel Classification
(Continued)
- PROJECT PLANNING


ECONOMICS SECTION
Economist
Senior Reseoatch Officer
Jr. Officer (Economist)
Jr. Officer (Economist)
Jr. Officer (Economist)
Jr. Officer (Statistics)
Ji Research Assistant
Ji Research Assistant
Computer
Computer
Computer
Comp u te r
Tracer
6 Pa twvaris


Dr P. E. Hildebrand*
K. R. Qurcshi
M. Iqbal Khan
M. Khalid
Rana Nasib Khan
M. Fazil Sabir
Ch Mohd. Saddiq
Kh. K. Hassan
Sardar Muharnmed
Ata Mohammad
I. K. Gul-Ahmrad
Ghulam Murtaza
Miss Dil Fayyaz Nasim


T o ta ls: 1
1
1
6
1

1
3
5
1
3
9
17


Chief of Planning*
Regional Planning Chief*
Project Planning Chief*
Section Heads*
Agriculturalist*
Superintending Research Officer
Senior Research Officer
Senior Engineers
Junior Engineers
Geologist
Junior Geologists
Zilladars
Patwaris


Soil and Water Chemists
Agronomists
Research Assistants
Junior Research Assistants
Junior Research Officer
Junior Officcrs(Statistics)
Junior Officers (Economists)
Tracer
Computers


74 Technical personnel positions at the end of the Second Quarter of the Fiscal
Year 1965-66 (October through December).


Note: During the Second Quarter, Dr. E.C. Olsen terminated. He headed the Engineering
group of Regional Planning up to the iime of his leaving in December. Gilbert N.
Haycock was appointed to fill that vacancy as Civil Engineer.





65-B 16


P L A N N I N G

During the Second Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66, October through December, the
Planning personnel worked on the processing of data and the preparation of text and illustrations
for the forthcoming Project 5 Report. The group worked on many related studies and investigations
for the Regional Plan Report which is scheduled for publication during the last months of 1966.
Data and parameters were precipitated from concentrated analytical reviews by the group,
and through their coordinated efforts with the World Bank Organization, WAPDA, WASID, and
in discussions with various other governmental agencies concerned with the problems of economics
and engineering in developing the phases of the ground water and reclamation programs.
In addition to the progress shown on the Project 5 Report and the Regional Plan Report,
data were assermbled for the primary investigational phases of the Project 6 area (the Panjnad
Canal Command of the Bahawalpur region).
Monitoring work continued on the tubewells of Projects 1 and 2, but this work was at a
reduced scale compared to the investigations and data collection of the previous quarters. This
reduction was primarily due to the urgency of the data collection program for regional and
piH "ject :lann in1 .
During the quarter Dr. E.C. Olsen terminated, leaving the Planning staff in December
Gilbert N. Haycoc. was appointed to head the engineering group of Regional Planning.,
The Planning group worked with tne Wotor and Soils Investigation Division of WAPDA
on the preparation of soils data and maps for the areas of Bari Doab This cooperative work
with WASID was also done in areas of study concerning ground water characteristics and the
collection of data for water quality and water supply studies.
Throughout the quarter meetings were held to coordinate policy and planning procedures
for tie culmination of data for regional and project planning reports. Data were collected from
gover-nmental agencies, such as the Irrigation Departmhent, the Bureau of Statistics, field offices
of various subdivisions of rural government concerning the economics and welfare of the farmers
and industrial development, from cooperative agencies and from exchange of data within other
investigational organizations.
Many special studies were made in tihe fields of economics for planning and for the daily
requirements of vital information for the functions of the Projects Manager. Meetings were held
to detcr: ine the effectiveness of the scope of investigations for regional and project studies, and
decisions were made on the methods of developing the saline and non-saline zones of the project
areas ,
Dr. Milton Fireman and David W. Greenran of the Denver Planning Office were in
Lahore to participate in these discussions on saline and non-saline zone development and as
a result of a number of studies and analyses and consultations with them, a change was made in
the definition of the salinity zones to reflect water salinity and to better define the mixing areas.
Four junior engineers from the Reclamation Engineering Division were on temporary duty
with Planning to assist in the data collection program and to work on Project 5, Lower Rechna
Doab. Because of the immediate need for the processing and assembly of data for that region,
much of the effort put forth by Planning during the Second Quarter was directed toward the
definition of the project, its requirements and economics.
Further work was done in the field of linear programming of data for project and regional
analysis. Data on water requirements, climate, cropping patterns, etc., were sent to Texas
A&M for machine processing and the results have been received. Tnese tabulated data have now
been analyzed by the Planning group to project the requirements of the Project 5 area, and to
provide the working parameters for project evaluation,





65-B. 17



The Planning office initiated several project analysis studies and made illustrations that
depict the water supply allocations for the Indus System showing natural flow and storage dis-
bursements according to the official water plans. The summary of progress on the following pages
is divided into two parts, (1) Regional Planning, and (2) Project Planning for the period of tlie
Second Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66, October through December.




65-B. 18


.RE G 1 N A+L.. P L AN N I N G

The activities of the Regional Planning group and the other members of the Planning staff
whose investigations and data collection pertained prirnariy: to the regional aspects of the Ground
Water and Reclamation Program are given in detail for the Second'Quarfer of the Fiscal Year
1965-66 in this progress report. The Regional Planning group is headed by SoW. Mao, and the
progress reported follows the general trend of the special subject investigations and reports as
shown on Plate 2.
The data collection program continued in force, but with some reduced activities reported
generally in the field collection of data. Historic canal supplies, surface drainage data, and
information from private tubewell surveys were actively being compiled.
Several regional planning papers were completed during the quarter in areas of economic
interest, as follows: (1) Population estimates, (2) Land holdings, (3) Fertilizer distribution and
consumption, (4) Crop acreages, cropping patterns and intensities, and (5) Industrialization.
Work was done with the World Bank Consultants on the assembly of cropping data and on
standards for economic analyses. Union Council cropping data for most of the Punjab were
furnished or made available to the World Bank, as well as access to other agricultural data
available in the Planning office.
Three Tehsils for Lower Bari Doab were completed during the quarter for private tubewell
survey data. Multan District will be completed in the near future and then the data collection
activities wilt move updoab to the Montgomery and Lahore Districts.
Plate 2 shows the definition of background studies for the Regional Plan Report, and the
progress of development of data for compilation and analysis. The Report is scheduled for pub-
lication during the last of 1966. The remaining progress reported by Regional Planning is de-
scribed herein as the work undertaken or completed during the report period by the Planning
group in connection with regional planning studies according to the outline of the "Progress of
Regional Planning Operations", Plate 2, and the primary topics therein.

. Collection, Preliminary Analysis, and Compilation of Basic Data:

Progress continued on the collection of data concerning surface water supplies and canal
diversions. .Data were collected on the monthly withdrawals distributary by distributary for all
the canal systems in the Northern Zone for the period 1952 through .1964. In addition to the
field collection of data on historic canal supplies, surface drainage, and the density of private
tubewell development, office tabulation of data continued in progress. This tabulation included
the determination of total withdrawals, median monthly withdrawals, and special studies. By
the end of the quarter, data for the following canal systems had been collected and summarized
on a distributary basis:
Paharpur 'Central Bari Doab
D.G. Khan Lower Bari Doab
.Thai I Sidhnai
SMuzaffargarh Dipa Ipur
Rangpur Eastern Sadiqia
Upper Chenab Fordwah
Lower Chenab Pakpattan
B.RoB.D. Bahawal
Marala-Ravi Qaim
Haveli Mailsi
Abbasia Panjnad




65-B.19


The natural flows of all five rivers of the Indus System were collected from the Discharge
Division, and the data were analyzed at multiple points along the river systems, along with the
withdrawals by canals at the headworks diversions. These data were collected on a 10-day basis
for use in regional and project planning. The data were partially analyzed and summarized
during t6he quarter. Several data collection forms were made for recording the data and the
special items of interest for planning needs.
Compilation of data was made based on the historic canal command units, and a separa-
tion is being made into post IBP canal units. Several meetings were held with the Remodelling
Organization concerning the operation of the Pakpattan Canal Islam Headworks Link, and the
functioning of the irrigation system. Cooperative work was done with the World Bank on the
establishment of basic units for future water distribution by canal command; a correlation of
distribution concepts and data.
A correlation is being made concerning the Planning climatological zones with the data
available from Harza, Int. Progress was reported in the efforts to reduce the fundamental
statistics to workable data that would be compatible to project analysis by all investigators
concerned. Data were collected from the Regional Meteorlogical Center at Lahore for regional
planning., And, data were summarized for detailing climatological zones for the Punjab for
agricultural planning purposes.
Wasid prepared additional soils maps and data concerning soils samples and analyses.
The Planning group assisted in the preparation of data and the production of prints of the soil
details and survey sheets. A general review was made of the regional-planning aspects of soil
classification and more specifically to the soil characteristics of the Project 5 area. The re-.
gional soils data were sent to the Denver Office far further review and analysis,
'Agricultural data for the new command areas by canal to be used as units of physical
water distribution were analyzed in respect to their surface water requirements, utility of
saline ground water, and future water supplies.

2. Preliminary Studies and Development of Design Criteria:

Studies were made on the use of concentrated leaching to utilize ground water of
higher salinity,
Cropping patterns were analyzed to reflect the soil groupings and the climatological
zoning for regional and project areas.
Discussions were held with Harza and the World Bank on the consumptive use water
requirement studies and the applications of data to project planning. Proceedings have been
initiated to generalize irrigation water requirements for future cropping patterns and intensities.
Work was done with WASID on aquifer characteristics, and the new data are being
weighted in regional and local adaptations for representative figures that can be used for
different areas o the Punjab.

3. Special Technical Studies:

Canal seepage and conveyance system loss studies were being finalized on the basis of
theory and the data available, along with the previously published information, to arrive at a
more functional canal seepage loss and irrigation recharge distribution over a canal command
area.
Further work was done with the Wasid staff in a critical examination of canal seepage
data and studies in the fields of seepage and recharge.
In the field of tubewell design, progress is bein r made in the evaluating of optimum
tubewell designs for the Punjab, in tubewell hydraulic de.l in criteria, and special studies in
tubewell performance. The effects of extremely shallow tubowells on the recovery of tolerable
ground waters in saline areas were also a part of the special technical studies.





.65-B,20


River gain and loss studies and the feasibility of ground water mining continued during
the quarter. Harza worked with Planning in the formulation of parameters for ground water
mining studies, The physics of the mining programs have essentially been completed, but.the
correlation to specific areas of development still remains to be reduced to a functional concept.
The Chaj 2-B Analog Model study was revised to reflect new input data, and the data
were sent to United States Geological Survey at Pheonix, Arizona, USA, for further analysis of
regional data.
Preliminary water.distribution and allocation studies for tho Punjab on a regional basis
were begun and, the program is being' set up in more detail. Sc .-' I charts and maps were pre-
pared to show the allocations of treaty waters, and the distribution, of surface and ground water
supp ies.





65-B.21


PROJECT PLANNING

Feasibility Reports have been prepared for Projects 1, 2, 3, and 4. The project studies
for the quarter were centered around the preparation of text and data for the Project 5 area of
Lower Rechna Doab. Work was also being done on the background studies for Project 6, the
area commanded by Panjnad Headworks in the Bahawalpur region (Panjnad-Abbasia Canals).
General review and specific interest studies were made in the other projects, and the following
is a brief discussion of the work that was directed by the Planning group toward the development
and operational surveillance of the tubewell projects.

PROJECT ONE Central Rechna Doab.

Minor review work was done on the performance of irrigation tubewells in the Project 1
area for the benefit of tubewell design studies, and the operational data were analyzed to update
the tubewell records., Data collection continued on water levels, drawdown, and water quality.
Cropping patterns and agricultural producti; ity were studied for project and regional purposes.

PROJECT TWO Chaj Doab.

Work was in progress in the Mona Experimental Scheme. The agriculture group initiated
crop cutting experiments and several members of the staff were actively engaged in the activities
of the Mona Experimental Scheme and its operational functions. Histories of crops and present
cropping patterns were analyzed, along with water requirements and water deliveries. The
observations from this experimental tubewell unit will be used to modify and to implement future
development.
Data concerning tubewell performance and developing and testing procedures were
obtained from the Khadir Unit and the construction areas of the Upper Jhelum Subproject. Water
quality data and stratigraphy were analyzed for the UJC area in conjuncti n with the tubewell
construction program.
Data were assembled for the modification of the 2-B Analog Model. This information
was transmitted to the USGS Data Processing Center at Pheonix, Arizona for further analysis.
The results of this analysis will be used to shape the policy of development in the Lower Jhelum
Canal command area of Chaj Doab.

PROJECT THREE' Lower Thai Doab,

Tubewell supplies, Candl supplies and historic deliveries were tabulated.in conjunction
with.the regional and project water supply analyses. The relay ted problems of the development
of ground water supplies and the proximity of the'saline zones were studied along with drainage
and canal recharge investigations.

PROJECT FIVE .- Lower Rechna Doab,

Most of the concentrated effort by the Planning staff centered around the development of
the Project 5 Report. The preliminary drafts for five chapters of the report were completed
.during.the quarter, along with several special illustrations to be included in the report.
Collection of outlet register data was completed up to about 95 percent, and detailed
soils study was done from Wasid data and from field investigations.


















PROGRESS OF REGIONAL PLANNING


COLLECTION, PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS, AND COMPILATION OF BASIC DATA

A. HYDROLOGY
Surface Water Supplies
Historic Canal Deliveries
Groundwater Levels
Groundwater Quality
Surface Drainage
Geologic Data

.. CLIMATE
Precipitation
Temperature
Wind and Humidity

C. AGRICULTURE
Land Area
Soil Classification and Land Use
Salinity and Alkali Compilations
Crop Patterns and Intensities
Soil Management Practices
Irrigation Practices
Crop Management Practices
Soil Reclamation Practices

D. ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY
Transportation and Communication
Location and Description of Industry
Population
Consumption Patterns and Requirements
Social and Economic Conditions of Farmers
Marketing of Agricultural Products and Inputs
Land Holdings
Capital Accumulation Potential
S" Ttr itlllli~M -


Prices of Agricultural Products "
Cost of Crop Production and Use of Inputs
Crop Acreages, Yield and Production

E. PRIVATE TUBEWELLS
Inventory and Location
Use and Cost

F. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
Inventory and Feed Consumption
Projection of Numbers
Feed Requirements


2. PRELIMINARY STUDIES AND DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGN CRITERIA

Terms of Reference
Water Quality Standards
Consumptive Water Requirements
Leaching Requirements
Cropping Patterns
Target Intensities
Aquifer Characteristics
Ground Water Replenishment and Hydrologic Balance
Canal Command Water Requirements


3. SPECIAL TECHNICAL STUDIES

Duty of Water
Groundwater Hydraulics
Horizontal vs. Vertical Drainage
River Gains and Losses
Value of Water
Canot *nm4.imgl Cnri-ia
Feasibility of Canal Lining
Tubewell Design
Shallow vs. Deep Tubewells
Economics of Mining
Management of Sali;re Groundwater Areas
Performance of Operating Projects


4. FINAL INTEGRATED STUDIES

Definition of Project Areas
Allocation of Water Supplies and Systems Operation Studies
Regional Hydrologic Balance
Corollary Development
Project Works
Cost of Works
Schedule of Development and Budgets
Economic Analysis


5. PREPARATION OF REGIONAL PLAN REPORT

Initial Draft (by Sections)
Semi-Final Draft
Final Report
Maps, Charts and Figures


-I


-.-------1--


1965

Oct Nov Dec


1966


Jan Feb Mar Apr May IJune July IAug


mam-






mmu


S


*


i-


S -


t I


______


I i I


Percent of Completion


SinI- -l-


A~~~ ~ ~ ~ ________ L I ____


If


I .L I


L


I


OPERATIONS


-1





65-B.22


The Linear Programming solutions for Project 5 were received from Texas A&M, and the
results have been analyzed. The final program is to be computed during the next quarter. The
data include water requirements, cropping patterns, and intensities.
Soils data for Project 5 were assembled and computed by distribuary and by high and
low rainfall zones for fine, medium, and coarse textured soils.
Several L-sections for the canal systems of the Project 5 area were acquired and an anal-
ysis was being made of the canal remodelling requirements for project development.. Surface
drainage information received from the i.,D. Drainage Circle was compiled for the project, and
a definition of the saline zone for Project 5 was derived from a detailed analysis of the available
water quality data and irrigation system .mapping.
The project area is divided into a zone of non-saline groundwater, an, intermediate
zone,.and a zone of saline ground water. The boundaries of the zones were determined and the
acreages summarized for project computations.
A general review was made of the project maps that were sent by the Denver Office,
and the corrections arid additions.are being prepared to modify the originals,
Four junior engineers from the Reclamation Division worked on the data collection and
"compilation program for the project, area. They are on temporary transfer to help expedite the
project preparation schedule of the.Planning Division
Numerous background studies were made to supply data and parameters for the Project 5
Report in the fields of economics,-hydrology and.agriculture. The detailed aspects of metnods
of development, procedures-foi defining the project, and policies of analysis were all coordinated
to'produce data that would be compatible to a sound engineering study of Project 5. This report
is scheduled to be completed early in the Fourth Quarter.

PROJECT SIX Panjnad Command.

A data collection program to supplement information previously collected for the Project
6 area got underway in the form of a preliminary survey of private tubewell development. This
project area is that portion of the Bahawalpur Plain which receives irrigation waters from the
Panjnad Headworks. This is also the southernmost project in the Upper Indus Basin development.
Some data had been obtained concerning the canal systems, water supplies, and water
quality, and these data were generally reviewed during the quarter.

t *

For reference details into the locations and relationships of the project areas to each
other, see the Ground Water and Reclamation Program Index Map of Projects, Subprojects, and
Units included as Plate 4 of this report.





65-B.23


PLA N ING

ACTIVITIES FOR THE THIRD QUARTER OF THE FISCAL YEAR 1965-66

The Third Quarter's activities will include draft completion of the Project 5 Report, addi-
tional computer programming, active data collection on the project and reg-inal levels, and
office processing of data to assimilate the information at hand.
Several economic studies will be completed on the regional level: (!) Food consumption
patterns and requirements, (2) Transportation and communications, (3) Marketing of agricultural
products, (4) Agricultural credit, (5) Social and economic conditions of farmers, (6) Capital for
agricultural development, and (7) Present cost of production of crops.
The completion of the Project 5 Report for the final revision stages will be the remain item
of endeavor, and most of the efforts of the Planning staff will be directed toward the completion
of this project report.
Data collection will continue in Bari Doab on the private tubewell survey, and for data
vital to agricultural development. The tubewell monitoring program will continue and
the securing of data concerning water quality, withdrawals, surface water distribution, tubewelt
- design, and water management practices will remain a vital part of the data collection program.
Work is.scheduled on the completion of the tubewell design report, a study of the value
of water, and a study of the economics of ground water mining.
A major effort of the next quarter will be the completion and correlation of subject
studies for the Region Plan Report. The schedule of activities for this Regional report will bring
the "Final Integrated Studies" into focus, as shown in Item 4 on Plate 2.
The monitoring program will be reviewed.in an attempt to analyze and to evaluate the
results produced in the hydrologic regime.
Preliminary work will begin on Project 6, the Panjnad Headworks Command, which
includes the Panjnad Canal and the Abbassia Canal commands.
Cooperative efforts will continue with WASID on the development of soils data, and
in the fields of ground water chemistry and hydrology.


"k *













LEGEND
S PROJECT AND SUBDIVISION BOUNDARIES

1 PROJECT NO. I CENTRAL RECHNA 0OAS

PROJECT NO.2 CHAJ DOAB

PROJECT N0. LOWER THAL DOAB

PROJECT NO 4- UPPER RECCNA DOWB

PRO ECT 'O 5 LOWER REC-..A DOe


STATUS OF CONSTRUCTION

OM CONTRACT IN PREPARATION

SUNDER CONSTRUCTION

y COMPLETED


U
- S.


'p
"l#
'.VM#


'S.' ) *05''


SCALE 0 MILES
SCALE OF MILES


'-rJ



'K


WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC. ENGINEERS

GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAM

LOCATION MAP


SMIAWfULI


4-t


-%MUl'h


S.AWAtJUR


MANG
useIMU5V


UNIT


--


JsY~I
T^.lI


'lMI%


L.;;.





TABLE I
GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAM
PROJECT SUBDIVISIONS

COLOR PROJECT PROJECT TITLE AND SUBDIVISIONS SERIAL IDENTIFYING
CODE NUMBER PROJECT TITLE AND SUBDIVISIONS NUMBER NUMBER
CODE NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER

L | I CENTRAL RECHNA DOAB 1
Pindi Bhattian Unit 1 101
Chichoki Mallian Unit 2 102
Chuharkana Unit 3 103
Jaranwala Unit 4 104
Shahkot Unit 5 105
Zafarwal Unit 6 106
Khangah Dogran Unit 7 107
Sangla Hill Unit 8 108
Beranwala Unit 9 109
Harse Sheikh Unit 10 1010
Hafizabad Unit 11 1011
Shadman Unit 12 1012

2 CHAJ DOAB 2
Lalian Unit 1 201
Mona Unit 2 202
Khadir Unit 3 203
Upper Jhelum Subproject 21
Sohawa Unit 4 214
Busal Unit 5 215
Phalia Unit 6 216
Lower Jhelum Subproject 22
F-1 Unit 7 227
F-2 Unit 8 228
L-1 Unit 9 229
Gujrat Plain Unit 10 2010

S 3 LOWER THAL DOAB 3
Kot Adu Unit 1 301
Alipur Unit 2 302
Rangpur Unit 3 303
Saline Zone" 4 304


I I 4 UPPER RECHNA DOAB 4
Marala-Ravi Unit 1 401
Mangtanwala Unit 2 402




i 5 LOWER RECHNA DOAB 5































RECLAMATION


ENGINEERING


DIVISION


(Only the time spent on Regional and Project Planning is chargeable to the Loan)


65-B.24





65-B.25


SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES


RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
George H. Geil


1. Surface Drainage Section
M.S. Chaudhry

2. Field Engineering Section
Robert J. Crowley

3. Design Engineering Section
George H. Geil

4. Data and Mapping Section
Clarence E. Erickson, Jr.





65-B.26


TECHNICAL STAFF
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
Personnel Classification


Second Quarter
1965 66


(Pakistani and Expatriate*)


CHIEF RECLAMATION ENGINEER

SURFACE DRAINAGE SECTION
Drainage Engineer
Senior Engineer
6 Junior Engineers
2 Junior Engineers (vacancies)
Overseers (vacancies)
FIELD ENGINEERING SECTION
F ield Engineer
Senior Engineer
1 Junior Engineers
5 Junior Engineers (Field Siting Trainees)
Land Reclamation Officer
2 Assistant Land Reclamation Officers
3 Z illadars
9 Overseers
Overseers (vacancies)
14 Patwaris
DESIGN ENGINEERING SECTION
Design Engineer
Senior Engineer
5 Junior Engineers
Overseer
DATA AND MAPPING SECTION
Office Engineer
Senior Engineer
Junior Engineer
C ircle Head Draftsman
H ad Draftsman
4 Draftsmen
18 Tracers
Tracer (vacancy)


George H. Geil"


(vacancy*)
M. S. Chaudhry





Robert J. Crowley*
Syed Mehboob Hussain Shah


George H.
Ijaz Ahmad


Geil*
Hurnayun


Clarence E: Erickson, Jr.*
Ijaz Ahmad Humayun
Shaiaf Sultan
(vacancy)
Abdul Rashid


Chief Reclamation Engineer*
Section Heads*
Senior Engineers (4 positions)
Junior Engineers
Land Reclamation Officer
Asst. Land Reclamation Officers


10 Overseers
5 Draftsmen
18 Tracers
3 Zilladars
14 Patwaris


Totaa s :


87 Technical personnel at the end of the Second Qua-for 1965-66,
(October through December)





65-B.27


RECLAMATION ENGINEERING

The activities of the Reclamation Engineering Divison during the Second Quarter of the
1965-66 Fiscal Year included the publication of Contract Documents, preparation of engineering
drawings for construction purposes, detailing of design criteria, field and office siting of tube-
welis, and the survey and inspection of drainage works. Data collection remained a rrajor part
of the activities of the field crews, and many special assignments for data were completed from
government offices in Lahore and distant-parts of the Punjab.
There were increased activities in field siting of tubewells to facilitate the negotiation
of the transfer of the Marala-Ravi Unit contract to the area of the Mangtanwala Unit, Many of
the field personnel were detailed to this portion of Project 4 to expedite the data collection and
tubewell siting program. The tarala-Ravi Unit has been delayed because of its proximity to the
Pakistan-India border and tne travel restrictions which were enforced during the period of the
National Emergency. The construction had just begun in August and field sites were being pre-
pared for the Contractor, Geoistrazivanja of Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Office siting was completed
for the Mangtanwa la Unit for 300 tubewells; and an adjoining contract area for 500 tubewells,
the Sheikhupura Unit, was also completed for nearly half of the preliminary office sites.
Throughout the quarter, meetings were held with the Chief Engineer of the WAPDA
Ground Water and Reclamation Divison, Sayyid Hamid; the Deputy Chief Engineer, Sardar
Allah Bakhsh; the Project Director, Khan Abdul Hamid Khan; and other members of the general
staff of Wapda to coordinate the tubewell and drainage construction programs. Policy and plan-
ning meetings were also held with the personnel of the Planning and Construction Divisions, and
with the Projects Manager, Robert C Bolger. Much of the concentrated effort during the report
period was directed toward the immediate needs of Wapda and the Consultant in providing data
and field information for the flexible tubewell siting and construction program. Data required by
Planning were also furnished on priority basis to meet the requirements of the accelerated project
and regional planning schedules.
Progress schedules pertaining to "Design Production" were maintained throughout the
quarter, and these progress schedules were submitted to Wapda.
Work continued on the production of soils data maps for WASID for the Bari Doab area.
A few hundred drawings remain to be completed out of the estimated 600 photo-tracings of de-
tailed field sampling and plotting of soil information. The work is being supervised by the
draftsmen of this Division under the direction of Wasid representatives. The tracings are being
sent to the drafting office on completed sub-divisional basis, and they are being transmitted as
individual units father than by random individual photo-tracings There are approximately 30
to 40 photographs for each subdivision.
Contract Documents were published for "Fall Structure Cur V.R. Bridge Mona Drain
R.D. 1-+900", and revisions were made in the Contract Documents for "Chot-Rukan Drain
Structures"
Meetings were held withthe Consultants staff, World Bank Survey, and Lower Indus
Project planning personnel for the purpose of gathering units costs for estimating costs of canal
remodification and tubowell projects.
Several field trips were made by members of the Surface Drainage Section in search of
field information to clarify the design details on drainage works, and the Field Engineering
Section was in the field most of the quarter on the problems of tubewell siting, data collection,
and survey of distribution works. Four junior engineers were temporarily detailed to the Plan-
ning Division to assist in the data collection program for the Project 5 area. This was done to
facilitate the demand for data for the project planning phases of Project 5, Lower Rechna Doab.




65-B.28


Field siting of tubewells was active in the Upper Jhelum Subproject of Project 2, Chaj
Doab, In Project 3, Lower Tiha Doab, field si;ing of tubewells and watercourse mapping were in
progress for KotAdu Unit, Rangpur Unit, and Alipur Unit. For Project 4, Upper Rechna Doah,
the siting of tubewells shifted from the Marala-Ravi Unit to the Mangtanwala Unit, and upward
into the Sheikhupura Unit. For details of the progress in tubewell siting see the progress reportfe'd
by the Field Engineering Section,
The progress reported by the Reclamation Engineering Divison is given in detail by Section
on the following pages. Reference to the project areas can be obtained from Plates 3 and 4, and
the progress of construction for the tubewell program and drainage works can be obtained from the
Construction Progress Reports published by the Construction Division.





65-B.29


SURFACE DRAINAGE SECTION

The progress reported by the Surface Drainage Section for the report period is recorded
by Doab for the categories of (1) Office engineering and (2) Field engineering activities.
Several field trips were made by the Senior Engineer, M.S. Chaudhry and his staff to
study drainage alignments and to do field siting of tubewells. The Section worked on the siting
of the Mangtanwala Unit and the Sheikhupura Unit, and prepared tubewell location maps for
the preliminary sites,
Progress for the Section is reported as follows:

CHAJ DCAB
PROJECT 2
(1) Office Engineering:
The final original Plan and Profile sheets were checked for Haria Drain, Haria
Outfall Drain, Ajjowal Drain, and Sohawa Drain.
A structure list was prepared for the watercourse crossings, road crossings, and
inlets for Haria Diain, 7'ohawa Drain and Ajjowal Drain.
A chak band map ,,' the existing P.R.K. Drain was prepared for remodelling
s studies.
The Plan and Profile of the Chenab Escape Channel, and subsurface water levels
of Ran Drain were plotted.
C checking of the check prints of Gojra Drain, Bheki Drain, Chenab Escape, and
Ran Drain was completed.
O office sitings of the following proposed drains under the UJC area were done on
chak band prints: Dhaul, Siwa, Thatta Pur, 1-L Branch of Dhanola, and I-L, 2-R,
and 3-R of Thatta Pur, Dhok Murad and 'Majra Drains.

(2) Field Engineering:
Bench marks were fixed along the proposed Dhok Murad Drain alignment from
R.D, 0+000 to 9 477.
The Design Alignment was completed for Dhok Murad Drain from R D. 0+000 to
9+477, and for Mangat Drain (Alternate Proposal No. II) from R .D 24t221 to 27+500.
The Design Profile was completed for Dhok Murad Drain from R.D. 0+000 to
9+477, and for Mangat Drain (Alternate Proposal No. II) from R.D. 24+221 to 27+500.
Depth to subsurface water levels were taken on observation wells in the Chot-
Rukan runoff measurement study area.
Subsurface water level observations were completed for Dhok Murad Drain, R.D.
0+000 to 9+477; Haria Drain, R.D. 0+000 to 21+395; and Ajjowal Drain, R.D. 58+000
to 68+000.
Bench marks were fixed along the proposed Mangat Drain alignment from R.D.
26+000 to R,,D. 55+000.
The Design Alignment survey was completed for the Mangat Drain from R.D. 48+
000 to 66+537 (end).
The Design Profile survey of Mangat Drain was complci ,om R.D. 26+000 to
50+000.
Subsoil logging and penetration tests were undertaken along Bhera extension
Drain at its crossing with the Shahpur Branch and the P.W. Railway. This subsoil ex-
ploration was carried out to assess the design requirements of structures.






65-B.30


LOWER THAL DOAB
PROJECT 3
(1) Office Engineering:
C ross-sections of road crossings on Ghazi Ghat Main Drain and Branch Drains
were plotted.
The base map of the Rangpur Unit was corrected after field verification of data.
And, the tubewell capacities were marked on the sepia of the tubewell location map.
Statements showing bed and full supply levels of watercourse crossings and road
levels of bridges along Ghazi Ghat Main Drain and Branch Drains were prepared and
submitted to the Design Section.

UPPER RECHNA DOAB
PROJECT 4
Base mapsof the Sheikhupura Unit and the Mangtanwala Unit were prepared at the
mosaic scale of 1.5 inches = 1 mile. The Mangtanwala Unit map was completed for tubewell
capacities, numbers and locations. Copies of the map were transmitted to the Projects Manager
for distribution, and a copy was given to the Data and Mapping Section for the preparation of
an illustration for the Mangtanwala Contract Documents. Field trips were made to check the
office siting and field siting of tubewells along Mangutaru Minor and for outlei data along the
Shahdra Distributary. Outlet register .dta were completed for the Mangtanwala Unit and copies
of the outlet register data were used in the field siting of tubewells.
For the Sheikhupura Unit, outlet register data were copied from the Sheikhupura Division
of the Irrigation Department at Sneikhupura for the Southern Section of the Unit area. Prelimi-
nary office siting for 181 tubewells in the Southern Section have been completed. The tubewell
location nap was submitted to the Field Engineering Section for further action in tubewell siting.


LOWER RECHNA DOAB
PROJECT 5
A field trip was undertaken to Lyallpur for the collection of data concerning the pro-
posed surface drainage systems for that portion of Lower Rechna Doab in the Project 5 area.
A map was then prepared showing the drainage of Lower Rechna Doab, existing and proposed.
Site locations for some of the major proposed drains vere visited in the field. Discussions were
held with the Executive Engineers of the Drainage Divisions at the Lyallpur Canal Office con-
cerning the drainage program and the requirements for the drainage system. Design data were
obtained on drainage works on interest to the Project 5 area.





65-B,31



FIELD ENGINEERING SECTION

The progress reported by the Field Engineering Section comes from the Lahore office and
the Multan office. Robert Crowley directed the field and office siting of tubewells in Project 2
and Project 4, assisted by Syed Mehboob Hussain Shah, Senior Engineer. The work in the'area
of Project 3 was under the direction of Gene White, Project Engineer of Project No. 3, and the
Senior Engineer, M, Ataur-Rehman.
Tubewell location maps have been prepared for all areas where the tubewell construction
program is in progress, and for areas where construction is forthcoming. Progress for tubewell
siting and distribution works is given by project area, as follows:

PROJECT NO 2 (Chaj Doab)
UPPER JHELUM SUBPROJECT

BUSAL UNIT (250 Tubewells)
A total of 250 sketch and data forms concerning tubewell sites and well data have been
transmitted to the Construction Division.
PHALIA UNIT (340 Tubewells)
A total of 315 sketch and data forms concerning tubewell sites and well data have been
transmitted to the Construction Divison. During the quarter, 125 forms were completed. Field
siting, distribution and office processing of data for 14-R and 15-R Distributaries have been
completed.
SOHAWA UNIT (260 Tubewells)
250 site sketch and data forms have been transmitted to the Construction Division.



PROJECT NO, 3 (Lower Thal Doab)

KOT ADU UNIT (500 Tubewells)
Field mapping of existing watercourses has been completed for 800 channels. Chak band
siting has been completed for 475 sites, 275 sites located during the report period. Final office
siting has been done for 150 sites, and Field Siting and Distribution have been completed for
110 sites. Chak Bandi siting was the only activity reported for the quarter.

ALIPUR UNIT (500 Tubewells)
Field mapping of existing watercourses has been completed for 700 channels. Data
collection and chak bandi office siting are reported as completed. Final office siting has been
completed for 210 sites, an increase of 100 during the quarter. And, 95 additional Field Siting
and Distribution Plans have been made to bring the total to 160 sites completed.

RANGPUR UNIT (500 Tubewells)
Data collection had been completed for 350 preliminary sites on chak bandi maps, and
an additional 150 sites were completed during the quarter to bring the total completed to date to
500 sites.





65-B 32


PROJECT NO, 4 (Upper Rechna Doab)

The preliminary tubewell location map for the Mangtanwala Unit has been completed.
The tubewell location map for the Sheikhupura Unit is in tie process of completion. The data
were collected and processed by the Surface Drainage Secticn..
A II field work was discontinued in the area of the Marala-Ravi Unit. A few preliminary
sites were completed and transmitted to the Construction Division, but the Contractor and Wapda
were unable to complete the construction program because National Emergency precautions made
access to the sites impossible. The Contract was made applicable to the Mangtanwala Unit, and
the Field crews were transferred to the new area for data collection and field siting of tubewells.
In conjunction with the tubewell siting program a high water level survey was made
along the inundation areas of Mangutaru Minor to determine the best locations for the tubewells.
The Mangtanwala Unit will have approximately 300 tubewells located between Degh
Nallah, the Ravi River, and tihe Q-B Link Canal. Sheikhupura Unit has approximately 500 tube-
wells adjoining the Mangtanwala Unit and extending northward along the border of Project 1.


)I: *i


The field personnel which were transferred to the Project 5 area to assist in the data
collection program remained on temporary duty with the Planning group. These four junior
engineers and two vehicles are on temporary assignment to Planning to help expedite the data
collection and compilation for the Project 5 Report.

Office processing of field data continued throughout the report period. Tubewell siting
data were checked and tabulated, and the results were given to the Projects Manager and the
Construction Division for equipment requirements and Contract information.





65-B.33


DESIGN ENGINEERING SECTION

Contract Documents were prepared for construction and drainage projects, and several
revisions were made to the standard contract conditions. A discussion of the progress reported
by the Design Engineering Section includes the activities of the Chief Reclamation Engineer and
the functions of the Design group. The progress is reported by project, as follows:

PROJECT NO, 2 (Chaj Doab),
(1) Tenders for the construction of'Fall Structure Cum V.R. Bridge Mona Drain R D.
1+900", Contract No 2-209 were examined and recommendation for Award of Contract
was made. It was recommended to award the contract to M/S Abdus Salarn Mohammad Ishaque
for construction of the structure for the amount of Rs62,000, and the item of "Care and Handling
of water" is to be done by WAPDA. Bids previously opened for the Tender were in the amount
of Rs91,844.23 and Rs161,464.00. Notice of Tender appeared in the Provincial Newspaper,
"The Pakistan Times", on October 28, 1965. The schedule for Bid Opening was set for Novem-
ber 29, 1965.

(2) Bids were opened for the Tenders on the Chot-Rukan Drain Structures, Contract No.
2-203, on December 23, 1965, Two bids were received, one for Rs1,114,850.00, and
the other for Rs 191,790 00. The Bids are now under examination. Contract Documents for
Chot-Rukan Drain Structures were revised to include the latest revisions of the documents in-
cluding the provision for separate payment for "Care and Handling of Water". Twenty-five
copies of the documents were assembled, bearing the new issue date of November 1965. The
advertisement appeared in "The Pakistan Times" newspaper on November 21, 1965. Bid opening
was set for December 23, 1965.

(3) Designs and preparation of construction plans for the Shahpur Branch Culvert were
nearly completed. The plans will be completed and submitted to the irrigation Depart-
ment for approval during January In accordance with instructions from the Deputy Chief
Engineer, Sardar Allah Bakhsh, the design and preparation of construction plans for the Shahpur
Branch culvert were begun. This is one structure of the Bhera-Mona Drainage system which
was originally scheduled to be designed and constructed by the Irrigation Department.


PROJECT NO. 3 (Lower Thai Doab)

(1) An inspection trip was made to the Kot Adu Main Drain to investigate the construction
difficulties encountered by the Contractor in construction of structure contract No.
3-204,

(2) Preparation of plans for excavation of Ghazi Ghat Main Drain has again been resumed
by Wapda, and instructions were issued to the Design office to complete those plans for
early execution.

(3) On November 22-23 a field inspection was made of Kot Adu Main Drain and Ghazi
Ghat Main Drain.

(4) Base plans for Ghazi Ghat Main Drain from R.D. 4+270 to R.Do 156+500 were pre-
pared to show Plan, Profile, and location of structures. Hydraulic data including bed
levels were also included on these drawings.





65-B.34


A final tabulation was made of all structures necessary on the Ghazi Ghat Main Drain..

(5) Aqueduct Cum Foot Bridge Kot Adu Main Drain, R.D. 54+000:: Originally a V.R.
Bridge was proposed at R.D. 56+000. A re-examination of the necessity for this bridge
was made and it was determined that it could be eliminated and that a foot bridge in
the approximate vicinity would be sufficient. A foot bridge crossing was combined with
an aqueduct already proposed at R.D. 54+000. The design has been completed and the
detailed plans have been prepared for this structure.


STANDARD CONTRACT DOCUMENTS

(1) The Standard Contract Documents for construction of structures have been revised to
provide for dewatering of structures as a separate payment item. The new section is
"Care and Handling of Water", Section 17. As a result, the section, "Excavation for Structures'
Section 4, was revised to exclude dewatering. In addition, a new section, "Rental and De-
watering Equipment", was prepared. All of these contract document revisions and additions have
been made as a result of discussions with Sayid Hamid, Chief Engineer, Ground Water and
Reclamation Division, WAPDA.


DESIGN REPORTS AND REVIEWS

The Denver Office completed two reports pertaining to fiberglass tubewell design during
the quarter. These reports were transmitted to the Lahore office for local use and distribution.
The reports are, (1) "A Comparison of Glass Surface Treatments for Fiberglass Reinforced Tubewell
Casing", and (2) "Fiberglass Tubewell Casing Glass Surface Treatments".




The Design Engineering Section maintained the progress charts and the program schedules
for the engineering office.. Monthly reports were prepared to the Project Director relating the
progress of work and the personnel requirements,





65-B.35


DATA AND MAPPING SECTION

The Data and Mapping Section functioned as a general service unit for the Construction
Division, Reclamarion Engineering Division, and the Planning Division, in providing the drawings
and data needed for their activities on a direct daily basis. The work of the Section for the report
period is recorded by the following categories: (1) Publication ofDocuments, (2) Data Collection,
and (3) Office Engineering.

(1) PUBLICATION OF DOCUMENTS:

Progress Report No, 65-A was completed and copies were distributed to Wapda and
the Consultants.. The report contained the summary of progress for the Planning and Reclamation
Engineering Divisions for the.First Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66,. July.through September,
and the work done applicable to the "Salinity Control and Reclamation Consulting Services"'.
.covered under the "069" AID agreement. The copies given to Dr. Hanoef, Technical Director
Wapda, were in turn .transmitted to the Director General, Planning and Investigations, which
assembled a composite progress report with the progress summary from Harza.. The two reports'were
published undergone cover.

For the Construction Division, Progress Reports 35, 36, 37, and 38 were completed
and published for the months of August, September, October and November, respectively, The
text for these reports was prepared by the Construction Division. The illustrations, color plates,
offset printing, printing of cover stock, and binding were done by this Section. Approximately
80 copies of each report were prepared for distribution and office use. The color illustration for
the progress reports were reprinted and updated to show the latest Projects, Subprojects, and
Units of the Ground Water and Reclamation Program. Over 1000 copies were printed for use in
forthcoming reports.

Contract Documents for the "Supply of Fiberglass Tubewell Casing" were prepared
and printed by offset press These documents were published at the request of the Chief Engineer,
Sayyid Hamid, WAPDA Ground Water and Reclamation Division. A hundred copies of the Tender
Documents were completed and given to the Chief Engineer.

Contract Documents for the Structures for Chot-Rukan Drain were completed by the
Design Engineering Section, and the documents were trimmed and bound by this Section. Covers
for the documents were printed by offset press

The Contract Documents for the Khadir Unit were delayed in binding to supplement
the documents with additional information vital to the Contract Agreements. Photo-transparencies
were made of pertinent letters secured from Wapda, and these agreements.will be printed by
offset press to be included in the republication of the Khadir Unit documents.

II lustrations.were reduced and photographic offset plates were printed for the.
Contract Documents, "Fall Structure Cum V.R. Bridge, Mona Drain, R.D. 1+900". The text
of the document was prepared by the Design Section. Appropriate colored covers for Project
No. 2 were printed to provide cover stock for the Chaj Doab exports Twenty-five copies of
the contract documents were bound and returned to the Design Section. Half size reproducibles
of the engineering drawings were also prepared and transmitted to the Design Section.




65-B.36


(2) DATA COLLECTION:

The collection of data for the various departments of Projects Preparation continued on
a daily requirement basis. Data were collected from many government offices in Lahore and
several trips were made into other parts of the Punjab for the purposes of securing workable data
for Planning and Reclamation interests.
The Junior Engineer, Sharaf Sultan, assisted by two tracers, collected data and made
copies of L-Section, chak band maps, Index Maps of Irrigation Division and Subdivision, and
various supplemental informational inquiries at offices outside of Lahore. Except in areas where
records were packed away and transported because of the National Emergency, all data col-
lection assignments were completed successfully. All L-Sectior available for the Haveli Canal
System werecopied and brought back to this Section.
Data were collected front several government offices in Lahore for t:e requirements of
Planning. These data came primarily from f'.e Bureau of Statistics, the Irrigation Department,
Wasid, and the Discharge Division. A trip was made to the Bahawalpur region, Multan, and
D.G. Khan to secure the District maps which would show village boundaries for Planning
purposes. Chak band maps were obtained from Lyallpur for the Project 5 area, and some data
concerning river headworks diversions were obtained from the Discharge Divsion and from their
subdivisional canal offices.
A publication concerning the design and construction of the BRBD Link Canal Siphon
under the Ravi River was obtained from the Irrigation Department for use in studying the design
of the structure.


(3) OFFICE ENGINEERING:

The tracing of soils data for Wasid continued throughout the quarter. The tracing work
is being supervised by the Wasid personnel and by the draftsmen of the Data and Mapping
Section Thie original tracings are being sent by Wasid in subdivisional groups. Bari Doab has
approximately 600 photographs on which the soils data has been plotted at the scale of four
inches = 1 mile.
The drafting room personnel prepared engineering drawings and made revisions to
drawings for existing and proposed drainage systems. "Plan, Sections, and Details" drawing
for Shazi Ghat Main Drain at the Muzaffargarh Canal Escape Jutnction"was completed for the
Design Section. For the Bhera-Mona Drainage System, "Plan, Sections, and Reinforcements"
drawing was prepared for the Shahpur Branch Culvert Transitions.
Several drawings were made for the Planning Division, primarily in the form of data
collection forms and charts. The charts were printed on offset press on reproducible masters
and returned to Planning.
A personnel chart was prepared for the Project Engineer of the UJC Subdivision, and
it showed the relationship of the Pakistani staff to the Expatriate staff, and the job assignments
and personnel involved in the 850-tubewell project.
The Section supplied blueprint copying service on a daily need basis, both at the 27 E-1
Office and at the 31-Main Office. The group acted as a special service unit for all of the
departments concerning the collection of data and t;, .: ioduction of engineering drawings.


* *








RECLAMATION N


ENGINEERING


ACTIVITIES FOR THE THIRD QUARTER OF FISCAL YEAR 1965 66

The schedule of activities for the Third Quarter will be a continuation of the work in
progress during the Second Quarter, and the production of engineering drawings and data to
meet the requirements of the Ground Water and Reclamation Program.
Activities generally to be included are the following:


PROJECT 2,











PROJECT 3.








PROJECT 4,






PROJECT 5.


Work will continue on the supervision of the contract for the Fall Structure
on Mona Drain: The contract for the construction of structures for Chot-
Rukan Drainage System will be awarded, following complete examination
of the Tenders which have been submitted. Designs and preparation of
construction plans for the Shahpur Branch Culvert will be completed and
they will be submitted to the Irrigation Department. Office processing
of engineering data for the design and detail of drainage works will
continue to be a major part of the engineering program. Field siting of
tubewells in the Upper Jhelum Subproject will continue, and data on
well locations will be made available.

Work will continue on the contracts in the Lowdr Thai area for drainage
works, principally in the areas of Kot Adu Main Drain and Ghazi Ghat
Main Drain; Field and office siting of tubewells for the Rangpur Unit,
the Alipur Unit, and the Kot Adu Unit; alongwith the completion of data
required by the Construction Division. Design data for drainage works
and tubewell locations will be progressing, and the tubewell construction
program will be underway in the Alipur Unit.

Field and office siting of tubewells for the Mangtanwala Unit and the
Sheikhupura Unit will be the major effort in the Project 4 area. This
also includes the preparation of data required by the Construction Divi-
sion Contract Documents for Mangtanwala Unit will be published, and
work will begin on documents for the Sheikhupura Unit., Data collection
w ill continue,,

Data collection, preparation of illustrations for the Project 5 Report,
publication of text and illustrative materials for the Planning Division
for both Project 5 and the Regional Plan, preliminary siting of tubewells
and general reviews of the drainage systems will be on the schedule
during the Third Quarter.

A *


The tracing of soils data for WASID and the p, I .tion of printed matter will continue
to be a function of the Reclamation group Data colicction for project and regional studies,
and the preparation of engineering drawings will be a vital part of the activities for the next
report period.


65-B,37





GROUND WATER AND RECLAMA

.r- ~Upper Indus Basin-W.

SCompleted Tubewell Under
Projects Construc

SIPROJECT NOroect N
MONA
"o cic o. 2 KHADIR
\1 .AtIOiFfUNIT UPPER J
Subpro



/ '/

Ghazi Gha .-
M ain D ral..;.- -n ..... .._
..... ... c ,- .. .




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.-. \







"tC ; a ~avi Unit
uN

















GROUND WATER AND RECLAMA
INDEX MAP
(Projects, Subprojects
s staure as "! "


TI

P,


ti


2.
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i,


on


In Preparation
Stages


N Proect No. 2
NIT Shh Jwana
INIT Unit
ELUM
;ct |roAecr 1o. 3|
--OT- AdU Un t




Mangtanwata Unit


Project No. _
(General)


WAPDA DRAINAGE
PROJECT


ION


PROGRAM


and Units)
THAL,CHAJ, RECHNA,
BARI AND BAHAWALPUR


PLATE 4


C


ION PROGRAM

okistan




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