Citation
Salinity control and reclamation consulting services

Material Information

Title:
Salinity control and reclamation consulting services
Series Title:
Progress report - Salinity control and reclamation consulting services - No. 65-B
Creator:
West Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority
Place of Publication:
Denver; Lahore
Publisher:
Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc.
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Farming ( LCSH )
Agriculture ( LCSH )
Farm life ( LCSH )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Asia -- Pakistan

Notes

Funding:
Electronic resources created as part of a prototype UF Institutional Repository and Faculty Papers project by the University of Florida.

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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Full Text
WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
LAHORE, WEST PAKISTAN ~ Q) ~
-069
PROGRESS REPORT
NO. 65-B
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION
CONSULTING SERVICES
SECOND QUARTER 1965-66
(October through December)
TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC.
ENGINEERS




65-B. I
WEST PAKISTAN WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY Lah)ie' West Pa GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAMS (UPPER INDUS BASIN) PROGRESS REPORT No, 65-B SECOND QUARTER 1965 -66
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES
PLANNING A N D
AND
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC Engineers
Deinver, Colorado USA Lahore, West Pakistan
JANUARY 1 9 6 6




65-B.2
WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY Lahore, West Pakistan
GROUND WATER AND RECLAv'MATION PROGRAMS
(UPPER INDUS BASIN)
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAVATION CONSULTING SERVICES
PROGRESS REPORT No. 65 B
SECOND QUARTER
1965 66
(October thi-ough December)
Pr e face
Piroress Report No. 65-B is a summary of the work performed by the Planning and Reclamation Engineering Divisions, and the progress of that work during the Second Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66, October through December.
These offices are a part of the Projects Preparation Division of thile Wapda Ground
Water and Reclamation Program. Their activities cove! all phases of investigation and project planning for the development of irrigation anid drainage programs in the Upper Indus Basin.
The 20 million acres involved in these programs are vitally important to the future of Pakistan. Thie purpose of Wapda'a Ground Water and Reclamation Projects is to enhance the aoricult:ral economy of Pakistan.
Tne U pier Indus Basin's agricultural lands lie between thie outwash plains of the foothills of the Himalayas and the command of Panjnad Headworks. These lands have becoiie toe agricultural complex of West Pakistan. They are fed by the waters of the Indus River and its tributaries, the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, Beas, and Pabjnad Rivers. The problems within the doabs are both regional and unique. Whether the solutions to these problems of salinity control and reclamation involve additional water supplies, adequate drainage, or agricultural planning, thi y all require a great deal of investigation and analysis.
In these investigational and analytical phases evolve the project planning and reclamation engineering activities of the Engineers, Tipton and Kalrmbach, Inc., and the Project Prdparation Circle of Wapda. From investigations and analyses come the recommerreidations, reports, and design criteria for tubewells, the engineering of new irrigation and drc : ,-e channels, and the rernodell ing of ex isting syste ms.
From conception to completion, all of these projects require the delicate balance of engineering, economics, an d agricultural planning.




PLATE I
3, 34*
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ISLAMA AD A Wi
*A*.S ~ ~K A S H4'M I R
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4 5.AZA.6,I
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SA-3- (44.4h1
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* 4,
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ou .
I 41 'RAW I
6?'D she. melt.. ,s
* II I I 343, l-35.O1,




65-B.,3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page B.
Preface B, 2
Table of Contents List of Illustrations 8.3
Introduction B.4
Description of Plates B.5
General Organization Chart Ground Water and Reclamation Program B.6Wapda organization Chart Technical Operating Divisions and Consultants B 7 Schedule of Tubewell Projects B.9
Financial Summary B.10
Staffing Table foi the Second Quarter 1965-66 B. 11
PLANNING DIVISION B. 12
Organizational Chart Supervisor-r Personnel B.13
Technical Staff B.14
Planning Activities for the Second Quarte B. 16
REGIONAL PLANNING B.18
PROJECT PLANNING 8.21
Planning Activities for the Third Quarter of Fiscal Year 1965-66 B.23 RECLAMATION ENGINEERING DIVISION B.24
Supervisory Peisonnel B.25
Technical Staff 8.26
Reclamration Engineering Activities for the Second Quarter 1965-66 B.27
Surface Drainage Section B.29
Field Engineering Section B.31
Design Engineering Section 8.33
Data and Mapping Section B 35
Reclamation Engineering Activities for the Third Quarter 1965-66 B.37
I L L U S T R A T IO N S
Plate 1 Map of Indus Plains Following page B .2
Plate 2 Progress of Regional Planning Opeiations B.20
Plato 3 Ground Water and Reclamation Program B.23
Location Map
Plate 4 Ground Water and Reclamation Program 837
Index Map




65-B .4
I N T R 0 D U C T 10 N
INTRODUCTION
Tihe PLANNING and RECLAMATION ENGINEERING Sections of Projects Preparation function independently and conc rnitanttl/. Each produces vital information for the other, and, t gcthler they formulate project reports, design criteria, and the engineering basis for fortilcoming ground water and reclamation projects. The Sections are composed of indigenous and expatriate personnel whose assignments cover all phases of investigation and planning in the Ground Water and Reclamnation Programs.
The first group, PLANNING, is concerned primarily within the regional planning
activities, ground water and surface water balance, soil and water studies, and the planning .,f new pilojects It is also an agency of investigation; not only for the details concerned with future surface and ground water programs, but also into the operation of present and past reclamation scheiemes. It provides the guidance for feasible and econromical ground water and reclamation projects.
The second group, RECLAMATION ENGINEERING, concerns itself with thie physical aspects of reclamation programs. It is this group which provides the working data for the location of irrigation and drainage tubewells, the survey and design of drainage and irrigation wrks, the production of drawings for construction and planning purposes, and the assembly of information from various sources for all phases of the ground water and reclamation programs.
The following is a brief outline of the offices within each of the groups:
PLANNING RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
Regional Planning Sections Surface Drainage Section
Engineering Field Engineering Section
Hydrology
Agriculture Design Engineering Section:
Economics
Data and Mapping Section
Project Planning Sections
Ti Pegress Report willI summarize th'e work performed by each Section during tihe
month's of October, November, and Decer mber in the Second Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66 ; and the personnel involved in thiis portion of Projects Preparation
These Divisions function under the direction of Robert C. Bolger, Projects Ma.nager, Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc., Ground Water and Reclamation Projects. The main office of the Engineer is located at 27 E-1, Gulberg III, Lahore. The Chief of Planning is Dr. P.E. Hildebrand. The Planning offices are located at 141 E-1, Gulberg Ill. George H. Geil heads the Reclamation Engineering Division with offices located at 31-Main, Gulberg.
Sayyid Hamid, Chief Engineer WAPDA Ground Water and Reclamation Division,
coordinates the ground water and reclamation programs through the Consultants and the Deputy Chief Engineer Sardar Allah Bakhsh, and the Project Director of Planning and Projects Preparation, Khan Abdul Hamid Khan. The Project Director's central office is located at 141 E-1, Gulberg III, Lahore. Thie Deputy Chief Engineer's offices are located at 41 G, Gulberg. The offices of te Chiief Engnineer are located at Sunny View Estate, the main headquarters of the West Pakistan Water arid Power Development Authority.




65-B.5
Throughoct Progress Report 65-5 are a series of four Plates which depict the progress and tIe scope and the boundaries o activities for tie Ground Water and Reclamation Programrn in the Upper hidus Basin. These illustrations show the magnitude of the overall program to reclaim and to enrich the agricultural economy of Pakistan.
Plate i is a general map ,f ,'est Pakistan and border areas, showing the extent of the loiks Plains in West Pakistai. Tihe area of interest for this progress report is principal/ that land wiii. lies above thle Gudu Barrage, andI it represents the largest single reclamation undertaking in le world.
Plate 2 is a chart of progress prepared by the Planning Division to show the background and subject studies involved in the preparation of the Regional Plan Report for reclamation and works in tihe Upper Indus Basin. At present, most of the studies are roughly/ compiled in the fo rm of basic data whi icn will require analy,,ses to evolve the parameters for the Report and for project planning purposes.
Plate 3 is an indication of the project areas in general and their positions in the
development promgran. The progress of project preparation and construction can be seen from tiis map Accompanying Plate 3 is Figure 1 which gives a detailed listing of the Projects, Subprojects, and Units i tihe tubewell construction phases of the Ground Water and Reclamat ion Prrgra m.
Plate 4 is an Index Map to that portion of thje Upper Indus Basin in which the Ground Water and Reclamoation Program is concentrated. This map gives a more detailed analysis of the cultJre, communications syster-s, and the irrigation systems of the area. The Projects, Suprijects, and Units of the Ground VWater and Reclamation Program are also shown on this mla .




65-B. .6
General Organizatio)n Chart Gr-ound W'ater and Rec lamnation Programs
\TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC.
GENERAL PLANNING RECLAMATION CO NSTRUCTION,1
ENGINEERING
SERVICES DIVISION DIVISION DIVISION
Regional Planning Sections1 Surface Dr-ainage Section
Enc-iiiecring Pfie Id Enginoer ing Sectio
I I rY Q vL-)Iog)' Anricultore Design Engineering Sectioni
EconomnicsI I_____]____ Dta and Mappingi S.co in
F1- :o 1>' lanr ng Sections




GOVERNOR
WEST PAKISTAN
SECRETARY TO GOVT OF WEST PAKISTAN IRRIGATION AND POWER DEPARTMENT
WEST PAKISTAN WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY CHAIRMAN AND MEMBERS
POWER WI N G WATER WING
[GENERAL CONSULTANTS
Genera! Manager Power Consulting Services
POWER
I B P CONSULTING SERVICES GENERAL CONSULTING SERVICES
CHIEF ENGINEER CHIEF ENGINEER CHIEF ENGINEER CHIEF ENGINEER
Indus Basin Projects Ground Water and Water and Soils Development and T
Div. Reclamation Div. I vestigation Div. Coordination Div.
1 Ij
PROJECT Project Consultants PROJECT DIRECTOR GENERAL
CONSULTANTS TIPTON & KALMBACH, INC. CONSULTANTS Planning and
Hunting MacDonald Investigations
DESIGNS
PROJECT OPERATIONAL CHIEF ENGINEER DIRECTOR RATE
CONSULTANTS M G ER CONSTRUCTION
DEVELOPMENT
DIRECTOR DIRECTORATE
Planning and Four Regional
Development Managers CHIEF ENGINEER
SW A P D A Northern Zone Schemes
DIRECTOR ORGANIZATIONAL CHART'
SadaRdsTn D n Showing Karachi irrigation
Standards and Designs TECHNICAL OPERATING DIVISIONS Project (HUB)
.PRINCIPAL and
Tr a CONSULTANTS
Training Ins.




65-B 8
The following Table, "Planning, Preparation and Construction Schedule for Tubewell
Projects", gives the outline of project phasing for the calendar years 1965 and 1966 for WAPDA Projects 2, 3, 4, and 5., More than 7,800 tubewells for irrigation and drainage reclamation are involved to various degrees of completion over this two-year period. This also represents about 75 percent of the tubewell program planned for the Third Five-Year Plan.
The total number of tubewells planned for each Project is given, also the breakdowns
for the subprojects, units, and contracts are shown with their respective tubewell requirements. Planning has been completed for Projects 2,3, and 4. Planning is underway on Project 5, and much of the data for the forthcoming Project Report have been evaluated to formulate the working parameters for project analyses Project 2 is in several stages of Construction and Preparation. Preparation has been completed for most of Project 3, and Construction is in progress. Increased activity in construction phases will be forthcoming throughout 1966 for Project 3 and Project 41
The field silting activity and preparation ,or construction in Project 4, Upper Rechna Doab, has shifted from the /Warala-Ravi Unit to the Mangtonwala Unit. Negotiations werecompleted to transfer the Contract for 300 tubewells to the new area. The Marala-Ravi Unit has been delayed because of the difficulties which arose out of the National Emergency, and the location of the Unit in relationship to the India-Pakistan border. Field siting is in progress for the Mangtanwala Unit which will enable construction to proceed. Contract Documents for the Mangtanwala Unit are essentially completed, and they are scheduled to be published about the middle of January 1966. The preliminary tubewell location map showing office siting and access to the Unit has been revised to reflect the contract limitations in the area between Degh Nallah and the Ravi River where the Mangtanwala Unit is situated.
Regional Planning is culminating a number of subject studies on water use, design
criteria, agricultural studies, and related investigations pertaining to the Ground Water and Reclamation Program into the forthcoming Regional Planning Report, Many of the studies have essentially been completed for correlation with related data, and the culmination of subject reports on a regional basis is scheduled for mid-1966. For details concerning the areas of investigation and concentrated study, see the chart, "Progress of Regional Planning Operations", included as Plate 2 in this progress report. Plate 2 shows the progress of regional planning up to the end of tie Second Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66.




GRO U ND WVATEtR: AN.D REC LAM ATIG Nt,4 PRO GRAM (UPPER. INU AS[N)
PLAN NIN G, PREPARATION -4 -A~b CCNSTR UCTIQ N SCHEDULE.
Tube/e Is 1 96 5 1966
PROJECT NO. 2 -CHAJ DOAB 210
Upper Jhelum Subproject 80.in
*Khadir Unit 205.-i
Lower Jhelum Subproject 900 E~1UDUIE~Iiii
PROJECT NO, 3 -LOWER THAL DOAB1,0I
Unit2IK-AuUnit50
*Unit 1 o A u Unit 500"
Unit 3-50.
PROJECT NO.. 4,- UPPER RECHNA DOAB 27M0
M*o~ngtanwala Unit -300 mim
Sheikhupura Unit .500.''
PROJECT NO. 5 -LOWER RECHNA DOA'B 7,0 7- :7T7 7.*....
REGIONAL PLANNING
* C o n t r a c t s S i g n e d : PNnOg* i o i a i n C n t ~ t o




FINANCIAL SUMMARY
DOLLAR AND RUPEE EXPENDITURES
Second Quarter 1965-66
(October through December)
EXPENDITURES
It e m Period of Report Expenditure During Period Totals To Date
DOLLARS RUPEES DOLLARS RUPEES
TIPTON AND KALMBACH, INC. Fiscal Year 63-64 480,624 700,500 480,624 700,500
Letters of Commitments July 1963 through June 1964
Letters of Commnitments
S 391-H-069-3 Fiscal Year 64-65 664,892 553,103 1,145,516 1,253,603
Issued June I1, 1964
ssued un July 1.964 through June 1965
TDD
1,037,000(1) Fiscal Year 65-66
S 1,700 ( July 1965 through June 1966
116,500 (Aug. 30, 1965)
51,153,500 Ist Quarter (July- Sept.,) 106,472* 112,576 1,251,988- 1,366,179
+ 5'0,500 (January 1966)
2nd Quarter (Oct. -Dec.) 145,394* 115,778 1,397,382** 1,481,957
,S I 54,000 October 45,694 43,889
___ _.__ -__ ...._.'_. __ _' November 50,400** 41,708
S) December 49,300* 30,181
Includes $329,596 paid direct.to
Wapda forp.eripd July 1963
through M arch 1964.
1'. Dollar components are actual expenditures for the periods as reported by Tipton and Kalmbach, Inc.
S Rupee components are local expenditures, provisional for the periods, as reported by WAPDA.
Figures previously reported have been revised after adjustment of-additional expenditures relating to the period.
Estimated expenditures based on average and anticipated expenditures for the report period




65-B. 11
WEST PAKISTAN WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY Lahore, West Pakistan
GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAMS
STAFFING TABLE FOR SECOND QUARTER 1965-66 October through December
Authorized Average Actual Number Tota I Man-Hours
Full Strength Number at thie End of Worked during Reporting Second Quarter Second Quarter
PROFESSIONAL
Expatriate 15 10 9 6,940
Pak is1iani 72 66 66 26,300
Engineers Geologists
Agronomists
Economists
Hydro log ists
SUBPROFESSIONAL
Expatriate 0 0 0 0
Pakistani 88 80 77 37,000
Overseers Zi lladars Patwar is
Drafts men
Tracers
GENERAL SERVICES
Expatriate* 4 4 4 2,620
NONPROFESSIONAL
Pakistani 105 101 100 48,200
Superintendent Senior Clerks Stenotypists Typists
Stenographers Junior Clerks Peons
Tota Is
Expatriate 19 14 .13 8,250
Pakistani 265 247 233 111,500
S50% charge to "069" activities.




65-B 12
P L A N N I N G
D I V I S 1 0 N




65-B. 13
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES*
PLA N NING
Dr. P. E. Hildebrand
REGIONAL PLANNING PROJECT PLANNING
S .W M'ao
Economics Section
Dr. P. E. Hildebrand
Hydrology Hydrology Section
John Logan Ben M, Petitt, Jr.
Engineering Agriculture Section
Gilbert N. Haycock Niel A. Dimick
A ar icul ture
* Personnel shown as departmental heads at the close of the Second Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66, October through December.




65-B. 14
TECHNICAL STAFF
PLANNING DIVISION
Personnel Classification Second Quarter
1965 66
(Pakistani and Expatriate*)
CHIEF OF PLANNING Dr. P. E. Hildebrand*
REGIONAL PLANNING S W, Mao*
Civil Engineer Gilbert N. Haycock*
H ydrologist John Logan*
A gronornist
Senior Engineer Khalid Mohtadullah
Senior Engineer S B. Hassan
Jr. Engineer Ikrarn-ulI-Haq
Ji. Engineer Syeed N. Nasri
Geologist Mohd. Alam
Soil and Water Chemist Anwal-ul-Haque
Research Assistant Tcriq Shah
Jr. Officer Statistics Miss Shafqat Sultana
PROJECT PLANNING
HYDROLOGY SECTION
Hydrologist Ben M. Petitt,Jr*
Senior Engineer Khurshid Ahmrad
Jr. Engineer M. Shahbaz
Jr. Engineer Abdul Hamid
Jr Engineer Khalil Ahmrnad
Jr. Geologist A,R.K. Javed
Jr Geologist A.R. Aziz
Jr. Geologist Saced Hussain
Jr. Research Officer M. Sadig Hassan
Research Assistant Amrnitul Nasir
AGRICULTURE SECTION
Agronomist Niel A. Dimick*
Agriculturalist
Superintending Research Officer Dr. Mohd Iqbal
Agronomist Nazir Ahmad Kisama
Agronomist Mohsin Nawaz
Agronomist Mohd. Akram Khan
Agronomist Rahmat All
Agronomist Najmul Hasan
Soil and Water Chemist Mohd Aslam
9 Zilladars
11 Patwaris




65-B. 15
TECHNICAL STAFF
PLANNING DIVISION
Personnel Class ification
(Continued)
- PROJECT PLANNING
ECONOMICS SECTION
Economist Dr P. E. Hildebrand*
Senior Resectch Officer K. R. Qureshi
Jr. Officer (Economist) M. Iybal Khan
Jr. Officer (Economist) M. Khalid
Jr. Officer (Economist) Rana Nasib Khan
Jr. Officer (Statistics) M. Fazil Sabir
J Research Assistant Ch Mobd Saddiq
Ji Research Assistant Kh. K. Hassan
Computer Sardar Muhamrnmed
Computer Ata Mohammad
Computer I. K. Gul-Ahmrad
Computer Ghulam Murtaza
Tracer Miss Dil Fayyaz Nasim
6 Patwaris
T o t a I s: 1 Chief of Planning* 2 Soil and Water Chemists
1 Regional Planning Chief* 7 Agronomists
1 Project Planning Chief* 2 Research Assistants
6 Section Heads* 2 Junior Research Assistants
1 Agriculturalist* 1 Junior Research Officer
1 Superintending Research Officer 2 Junior Officers(Statistics)
1 Senior Research Officer 3 Junior Officers (Economists)
3 Senior Engineers 1 Tracer
5 Junior Engineers 4 Computers
1 Geologist
3 Junior Geologists
9 Zilladars
17 Patwaris
74 Technical personnel positions at the end of the Second Quarter of the Fiscal
Year 1965-66 (October through December).
Note: During the Second Quarter, Dr. E.C. Olsen terminated. He headed the Engineering
group of Regional Planning up to the tine of his leaving in December. Gilbert N.
Haycock was appointed to fill that vacancy as Civil Engineer.




65-B, 16
-P PLANNING
During the Second Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66, October through December, the Planning personnel worked on the processing of data and the preparation of text and illustrations for the forthcoming Project 5 Report. The group worked on many related studies and investigations for the Regional Plan Report which is scheduled for publication during the last months of 1966.
Data and parameters were precipitated from concentrated analytical reviews by the group, and through their coordinated efforts with the World Bank Organization, WAPDA, WASID, and in discussions with various other governmental agencies concerned with the problems of economics and engineering in developing the phases of the ground water and reclamation programs.
In addition to the progress shown on the Project 5 Report and the Regional Plan Report, data were assembled for the primary investigational phases of tie Project 6 area (the Panjnad Canal Command of the Bahawalpur region).
Monitoring work continued on the tubewells of Projects 1 and 2, but this work was at a reduced scale compared to the investigations and data collection of the previous quarters. This reduction was primarily due to the urgency of thie data collection program for regional and pro ject planning.
During the quarter Dr. E.C. Olsen terminated, leaving the Planning staff in December Gilbert N. Haycoc. was appointed to head the engineering group of Regional Planning.
The Planning group worked with tie Water and Soils Investigation Division of WAPDA on the preparation of soils data and maps for the areas of Bari Doab This cooperative work with WASID was also done in areas of study concerning ground water characteristics and the collection of data for water quality and water supply studies.
Throughout the quarter meetings were held to coordinate policy and planning procedures for iie culmination of data for regional and project planning reports. Data were collected from governmental agencies, such as the Irrigation Department, the Bureau of Statistics, field offices of various subdivisions of rural government concerning the economics and welfare of the farmers and industrial development, from cooperative agencies and from exchange of data within other investigational organizations.
Many special studies were made in the fields of economics for planning and for the daily requirements of vital information for the functions of the Projects Manager. Meetings were held to determine the effectiveness of the scope of investigations for regional and project studies, and decisions were made on the methods of developing the saline and non-saline zones of the project
areas ,
Dr. Milton Fireman and David W. Greenrnan of the Denver Planning Office were in
Lahore to participate in these discussions on saline and non-saline zone development and as a result of a number of studies and analyses and consultations with them, a change was made in the definition of the salinity zones to reflect water salinify and to better define the mixing areas.
Four junior engineers from the Reclamation Engineering Division were on temporary duty with Planning to assist in the data collection program and to work on Project 5, Lower Rechna Doab. Because of the immediate need for the processing and assembly of data for that region, much of the effort put forth by Planning during the Second Quarter was directed toward the definition of the project, its requirements and economics.
Further work was done in the field of linear programming of data for project and regional analysis. Data on water requirements, climate, cropping patterns, etc., were sent to Texas A&M for machine processing and the results have been received. Tnese tabulated data have now been analyzed by the Planning group to project the requirements of the Project 5 area, and to provide the working parameters for project evaluation




65-B. 17
The Planning office initiated several project analysis studies and made illustrations that depict the water SU pply allocations for the Indus System showing natural flow and storage disbursenents according to the official water plans. The summary of progress on the following pages is divided into two parts, (1) Regional Planning, and (2) Project Planning for the period of tf~e Second Quarter of the Fiscal Year 1965-66, October through December.




65-B. 18
REGION. PLANNING. .R.E G 1 0 IN AA.L P L A t,, N I N. G..."
Th6 activities of the Regional Planning group and the other members of the Planning staff. whose investigations and data collection pertained primarily to the regional aspects of the Ground Water and Reclamation.Pr6grarn are given in detail for the Second Quarfer of the Fiscal Year. 1965-66 in this progress report. The Regional Planning group is headed by SoW. Mao, and the progress reported follows the general trend of the special subject investigations and reports as shown on Plate 2.
The data collection program continued in force, but with some reduced activities reported generally in the field collection of data. Historic canal supplies, surface drainage data, and information from private tubewell surveys were actively being compiled.
Several regional planning papers were completed during the quarter in areas of economic interest, as follows: (1) Population estimates, (2) Land holdings, (3) Fertilizer distribution and consumption, (4) Crop acreages, cropping patterns and intensities, and (5) Industrialization.
Work was done with the World Bank Consultants on the assembly of cropping data and on standards for economic analyses. Union Council cropping data for most of the Punjab were furnished or made available to the World Bank, as well as access to other agricultural data available in the Planning office.
Three Tehsils for Lower Bari Doab were completed during the quarter for private tubewell survey data. Multan District will be completed in the near future and then the data collection activities will move updoab to the Montgomery and Lahore Districts.
Plate 2 shows the definition of background studies for the Regional Plan Report, and the progress of development of datafor compilation and analysis. The Report is scheduled for publication during the last of 1966. The remaining progress reported by Regional Planning is described herein as the work undertaken or completed during the report period by the Planning group in connection with regional planning studies according to the outline of the "Progress of Regional Planning Operations", Plate 2, and the primary topics therein.
1I Collection, Preliminary Analysis, and Compilation of Basic Data:
Progress continued on the collection of data concerning surface water supplies and canal diversions. Data were collected on the monthly withdrawals distributary by distributary for all the canal systems in the Northern Zone for the period 1952 through.1964. In addition to the fied collection of data on historic canal supplies, surface drainage, and the density of private tubewell dovelopmrient, office tabulation of data continued in progress. This tabblation included the determination of total withdrawals, median monthly withdrawals, and special studies. By the end of the quarter, data for the following canal .systems had been collected and summarized on a distributary basis:
Paharpur Central Bari Doab
D.G. Khan Lower Bari Doab
Thil Sidhnai
Muzaffargarh Dipa Ipur
Rangpur Eastern Sadiqia
Upper Chenab Fordwah
Lower Chenab Pakpattan
B.RoB.D. Bahawal I
Marala-Ravi Qaim
Haveli Mailsi
Abbasia Paninad




65-B. 19
The natural flows of all five rivers of the Indus System were collected from the Discharge Division, and the data were analyzed at multiple points along the river systems, along with the withdrawals by canals at the headworks diversions. These data were collected on a 10-day basis for use in regional and project planning. The data were partially analyzed and summarized during te6 quarter. Several data collection forms were made for recording the data and the special items of interest for planning needs.
Compilation of data was made based on the historic canal command units, and a separation is being made into post IBP canal units. Several meetings were held with the Remodelling Organization.conceirning the operation of the Pakpattan Canal Islam Headworks Link, and the functioning of the irrigation system. Cooperative work was done with the World Bank on the establishment of basic units for future water distribution by canal command; a correlation of distribution concepts and data.
A correlation is being made concerning the Planning climatological zones with the data available from Harza, nit. Progress was reported in the efforts to reduce the fundamental statistics to workable data that would be compatible to project analysis by all investigators concerned. Data were collected frorr the Regional Meteorlogical Center at Lahore for regional planning., And, data were summarized for detailing climatological zones for the Punjab for agricultural planning purposes.
Wasid prepared additional soils maps and data concerning soils samples and analyses. The Planning group assisted in the preparation of data and the production of prints of the soil details and survey sheets. A general review was made of the regional.planning aspects of soil classification and more specifically to the soil characteristics of the Project 5 area. The regional soils data were sent to the Denver Office far further review and analysis,
"Agricultural data for the new command areas by canal to be used as units of physical water distribution were analyzed in respect to their surface water requirements, utility of saline ground water, and future water supplies
2. Preliminary- Studies and Development of Design Criteria:
Studies were made on the use of concentrated leaching to utilize ground water of higher salinity,
Cropping patterns were analyzed to reflect the soil groupings and the climatological zoning for regional and project areas.
Discussions were held with Harza and the World Bank on the. consumptive use water requirement studies and the applications of data to project planning. Proceedings have been initiated to generalize irrigation water requirements for future cropping patterns and intensities.
Work was done with WASID on aquifer characteristics, and the new data are being weighted in regional and local adaptations for representative figures that can be used for different areas o the Punjab.
3. Special Technical Studies:
Canal seepage and conveyance system loss studies were being finalized on the basis of theory and the data available, along with the previously published information, to arrive at a more functional canal seepage loss and irrigation recharge distribution over a canal command area.
Further work was done with the Wasid staff in a critical examination of canal seepage data and studies in the fields of seepage and recharge.
In the field of tubewell design, progress is being, made in the evaluating of optimum tubewell designs for the Punjab, in tubewell hydraulic design criteria, and special studies in tubewell performance. The effects of extremely shallow tubowells on tie recovery of tolerable ground waters in saline areas were also a part of the special technical studies.




.65-B 20
River gain and loss studies and the feasibility of ground water mining continued during the quarter. Harza worked with Planning in the formulation of parameters for ground water mining studies The physics of the mining programs have esentially been completed, but.the correlation to specific areas of development still remains to be reduced to a functional concept.,
The Chaj 2-B Analog Model study was revised to reflect new input data, and the data
were sent to United States Geological Survey at Pheonix, Arizona, USA, for further analysis of regional data.
Preliminary water.distribution and allocation studies for tho Punjab on a regional basis were beguie and the program is being' set up in more detail. Sever! 1charts."nd maps were prepared to show the allocations of treaty waters, and the distribution,. of surface and ground water supp Ies.
W k




65-B.21
PROJECT PLANNING
Feasibility Reports have been prepared for Projects 1, 2, 3, and 4. The project studies for the quarter were centered around the preparation of text and data for the Project 5 area of Lower Rechna Doab. Work was also being done on the background studies for Project 6, the area commanded by Pan jnad Headworks in theBahawalpur region (Panjnad-Abbasia Canals). General review and specific interest studies were made in the other projects, and the following is a brief discussion of the work that was directed by thile Planning group toward the development and operational surveillance of the tubewell projects.
PROJECT ONE Central Rechna Doab.
Minor review work was done on the performance of irrigation tubewells in the Project 1
area for the benefit of tubewell design studies, and the operational data were analyzed to update the tubewell records, Data collection continued on water levels, drawdown, and water quality. Cropping patterns and agricultural productivity were studied for project and regional purposes.
PROJECT TWO Cha Doab.
Work was in progress in the Mona Experimental Scheme. The agriculture group initiated crop cutting experiments and several members of the staff were actively engaged in the activities of the Mona Experimental Scheme and its operational functions. Histories of crops and present cropping patterns were analyzed, along with water requirements and water deliveries. The observations from this experimental tubewell unit will be used to modify and to implement future development.
Data concerning tubewell performance and developing and testing procedures were
obtained from the Khadir Unit and the construction areas of the Upper Jhelum Subproject. Water quality data and stratigraphy were analyzed for the UJC area in c,:njuncti n with the tubewell construction program.
Data were assembled for the modification of the 2-B Analog Model. This information was transmitted to the USGS Data Processing Center at Pheonix, Arizona for further analysis. Thie results of this analysis will be used to shape the policy of development in the Lower Jhelum Canal command area of Chaj Doab.
PROJECT THREE' Lower ThaI Doab,
Tubewell supplies, Canal supplies and historice deliveries were tabulated in conjunction with the regional and project water supplyanalyses. The reld t.dproblems of the development of ground water supplied anid the proximity of the saline zones were studied alongwith drainage and canal recharge investigations.
PROJECT FIVE Lower Rechna Doab
Most of the concentrated effort by the Planning staff centered around the development of the Project 5 Report. The preliminary drafts for five chapters of the' repoqrt'were completed duringnthe'quarter, along with several special illustrations to be included in the report.
Collection of outlet register data was completed up to about 95 percent, and detailed soils study was done from Wasid data and from field investigations.




P ROG R E SS O F R E GION AL P LA NN I NG OP ER A TION S
196 5 196 6
O ZtNo Dec Jonl Fb Mar ArIMa y une J~ g Percent of Compslet ion
COLLECTION, PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS, AND COMPILATION OF BASIC DATA
A. HYDROLOGY
Surface Water Supplies
Historic Canal Deliveries
Groundwater Levels
Groundwater Quality
Surface Drainage
Geologic Data
B.. CLIMATE
Precipitation
'Temperature
Wind and Humidity
C. AGRICULTURE
Land Area
Soil Classification and Land Use Salinity and Alkali Comp~ilations
Crop Patterns and Intensities
Soil Management Practices
Irrigation Practices
Crop Management Practices
Soil Reclamation Practices gD. ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY
Transportation and Communication
Location and Description of Industry
Popu loat ion
Consumption Patterns and Requirements
Social and Economic Conditions of Farmers
Mrketing of Agricultural Products and Inputs
Land Holdings
Capital Accumulation Potential
Credit and Finance of Agriculture
Prices of Agricultural ProductsCost of Crop Production and Use of Inputs
Crap Acreages, Yield and Production
E. PRIVATE TUBEWELLS
Inventory and Location
Use and Cost
F. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
Inventory and Feed Consump~tion
Projection of Numbers
Feed Requirements
2. PRELIMINARY STUDIES AND DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGN CRITERIA
Terms of Reference
Water Quality Standards
Consumpqtive Water Requirements
Leaching Requirements
Cropping Patterns Target Intensities
Aquifer Characteristics
Ground Water Replenishment and Hydrologic Balance
Canal Command Water Requirements3. SPECIAL TECHNICAL STUDIES
Duty of Water
Groundwater Hydraulics
Horizontal vs. Vertical Drainage
River Gains and Losses
__ Value of Water
Canal1 Remadell Iing CriteriaFeasibility of Canal Lining
Tubewell Design-
Shallow vs. Deep Tubewells
Economics of Mining
Management of Salire Groundwater Areas
Performance of Operating Prajects-
4. FINAL INTEGRATED STUDIES
Definition of Project Areas
Allocation of Water Supplies and Systerre Operation Studies
Regional Hydrologic Balance
Coral lary Development
Project Works Cost of Works
Schedule of Development and Budgets
Economic Analysis
5. PREPARATION OF REGIONAL PLAN REPORT
Initial Draft (by Sections)
Semi-Final Draft
Final Report




65-B.22
The Linear Programming solutions for Project 5 were received from Texas A&M, and the results have been analyzed. The final program is to be computed during the next quarter. The data include water requirements, cropping patterns, and intensities.
Soils data for Project 5 were assembled and computed by distribuary and by high and low rainfall zones for fine, medium, and coarse textured soils.
Several L-secdtions for the canal systems of the Proefoct 5 area were acquired and an analysis was being made of the canal remndelling requirements for project development.. Surface drainage information received from the:i DrainageCircle was compiled for the project, and a definition of the saline zone f6r Project 5 was derived from a detailed analysis of the available water quality data and irrigatik system mapping.
The project area is divided into a zone of non-saline groundwater, an intermediate
zone,. and a zone of saline ground water. The boundaries of the zones were determined and the acreages summarized for pro ject computations.
A general review was mnadeof the project maps thatwere set by the Denver Office, and the corrections dnrid additions.are being prepared to modify the ,originals,
Four junior engineers froy the Reclamation Division worked on the data collection and compilation program for the project.areao. Theyoare on temporary transfer to help expedite the project preparation schedule of the.Planning Division;
Numerous background studies were made to supply data and parameters for the Project 5 Report in the fields of economics,hydrology and agriculture. The detailed aspects of methods of development, procedures"fo defining the project, and policies of analysis were all coordinated to'produce data that would be compatible to a sound engineering study of Project 5. This report is scheduled to be completed early in the Fourth Quarter.
PROJECT SIX Panjnad Command.
A data collection program to supplement information previously collected for the Project
6 area got underway in the form of a preliminary survey of private tubewell development. This project area is that portion of the Bahawalpur Plain which receives irrigation waters from the Paninad Headworks. This is also the southernmost project in the Upper Indus Basin development.
Some data had been obtained concerning the canal systems, water supplies, and water quality, and these data were generally reviewed during the quarter.
For reference details into the locations and relationships of the project areas to each
other, see the Ground Water and Reclamation Program Index Map of Projects, Subprojects, and Units included as Plate 4 of this report.




S -. 65-B.23
PLANNING
ACTIVITIES FOR THE THIRD QUARTER OF THE FISCAL YEAR 1965-66
The Third Quarter's activities will include draft completion of the Project 5 Report, additional computer programming, active data collection-on the project and regional levels, and office processing of data to assimilate the information at hand.
Several economic studies will be completed on the regional level: (!) Food consumption patterns and requirements, (2) Transportation and communications, (3) Marketing of agricultural products, (4) Agricultural credit, (5) Social and economic conditions of farmers, (6) Capital for agricultural development, and (7) Present cost of production of crops.
The completion of the Project 5 Report for the final revision stages will be the rrmain item of endeavor, and most of the efforts of the Planning staff will be directed toward the completion of this project report.
Data collection will continue in Bari Doab on the private tubewell survey, and for data vital to agricultural development. The tubewell monitoring program will continue and the securing of data concerning water quality, withdrawals, surface water distribution, tubewell design, and water management practices will remain a vital part of the data collection program.
Work is. scheduled on the completion of the tubewell design report, a study of the value of water, and a study of the economics of ground water mining.
A major effort of the next quarter will be the completion and correlation of subject
studies for the Region Plan Report. The schedule of activities for this Regional report will bring the "Final Integrated Studies" into focus, as shown in Item 4 on Plate 2.
The monitoring program will be reviewed in an attempt to analyze and to evaluate the results produced in the hydrologic regime.
Preliminary work will begin on Project 6, the Panjnad Headworks Command, which includes the Panjnad Canal and the Abbassia Canal commands.
Cooperative efforts will continue with WASID on the development of soils data, and in the fields of ground water chemistry and hydrology.




LEGEND
- PROJECT AND SUBDIVISION BOUNDARIES PROJECT NO. I CENTRAL RECHNA 0OAS t MSAnWI
PROJECT NO.2- CHAJ DOAR PROJECT NO, 3 LOWER THAL DOAB PROJECT NO.4 UPPER RECHNA DOAB PROJECT NO.5 LOWER RECHNA DOAB
ag
w s a ~ II M OMU sM IT s <
*O E 8EU SUB-W RMILU IT
CONTRACT IN PREPARATION
UNDER CONSTRUCTION
COMPLETED.
COMPLETE ..-....- WEST PAKISTAN
WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY ..." TIPTON AND KALMBAC5H INC. ENGINEERS
NNI
GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAM
SCALE MILso soLOCATION
SCALE OO FILS LOCATION MAP




TABLE I
GROUND WATER AND RECLAMATION PROGRAM PROJECT SUBDIVISIONS
COLOR PROJECT PROJECT TITLE AND SUBDIVISIONS SERIAL IDENTIFYING
CODE NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER
I CENTRAL RECHNA DOAB 1
Pindi Bhattian Unit 1 101
Chichoki Mallian Unit 2 102
Chuharkana Unit 3 103
Jaranwala Unit 4 104
Shahkot Unit 5 105
Zafarwal Unit 6 106
Khangah Dogran Unit 7 107
Sangla Hill Unit 8 108
Beranwala Unit 9 109
Harse Sheikh Unit 10 1010
Hafizabad Unit 1 1 1011
Shadman Unit 1 2 1012
2 CHAJ DOAB 2
Lalian Unit I 201
Mona Unit 2 202
Khadir Unit 3 203
Upper Jhelum Subproject 21
Sohawa Unit 4 214
Busal Unit 5 215
Phalia Unit 6 216
Lower Jhelum Subproject 22
F-1 Unit 7 227
F-2 Unit 8 228
L-1 Unit 9 229
Gujrat Plain Unit 10 2010
3 LOWER THAL DOAB 3
Kot Adu Unit 1 301
Alipur Unit 2 302
Rangpur Unit 3 303
Sa line Zone 4 304
Z 4 UPPER RECHNA DOAB 4
Marala-Ravi Unit 1 401
Mangtanwala Unit 2 402
W 5 LOWER RECHNA DOAB 5




65-13.24
R EC LA MA TIO0N EN G IN EER IN G
(Only the time spent on Regional and Project Planning is chargeable to the Loan)




65-1.25
SALINITY CONTROL AND RECLAMATION CONSULTING SERVICES
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
George H. Geil
1. Surface Drainage Section M.S. Chaudhry 2. Field Engineering Section
Robert J. Crowley 3. Design Engineering Section George H. Geil
4. Data and Mapping Section
Clarence E. Erickson, Jr.




.. .. 65-B.26
TECHNICAL STAFF
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING SecondQuarter
Personnel Classification 1965 -66
(Pakistani and Expatriate*)
CHIEF RECLAMATION ENQIJ[EER George H. Geil*
SURFACE DRAINAGE SECTION Drainage Engineer (vacancy*)
Senior Engineer M. S. Chaudhry
6 Junior Engineers
2 Junior Engineers (vacancies)
Overseers (vacancies)
FIELD ENGINEERING SECTION Field Engineer Robert J. Crowley*
Senior Engineer Syed Mehboob Hussain Shah
S11 Junior Engineers
5 Junior Engineers (Field Siting Trainees)
Land Reclamation Officer
2 Assistant Land Reclamation Officers
3 Z illadars 9 Overseers
Overseers (vacancies)
14 Patwaris
DESIGN ENGINEERING SECTION
Design Engineer George H. Geil*
Senior Engineer Ijaz Ahmad Hurnayun
5 Junior Engineers
Overseer
DATA AND CAPPING SECTION
Office Engineer Clarence E Erickson, Jr.*
Senior Engineer Ijaz Ahmad Humayun
Junior Engineer Shaiaf Sultan
C ircle Head Draftsman (vacancy)
He cad Draftsman Abdul Rashid
4 Draftsmen
18 Tracers
Tracer (vacancy)
To ftals : 1 Chief Reclamation Engineer* 10 Overseers
2 Section Heads* 5 Draftsmen
3 Senior Engineers (4 positions) 18 Tracers
28 Junior Engineers 3 Zilladars
1 Land Reclamation Officer 14 Patwaris
2 Asst. Land Reclamation Officers
87 Technical personnel at the end of the Second Quaofor 1965-66,
(October through December)




65-B.27
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
The activities of the Reclamation Engineering Divison during the Second Quarter of the 1965-66 Fiscal Year included the publication of Contract Documents, preparation of engineering drawings for construction purposes, detailing of design criteria, field and office siting of tubewells, and the survey and inspection of drainage works. Data collection remained a rrajor part of the activities of the field crews, and many special assignments for data were completed from government offices in Lahore and distant-parts of the Punjab.
There were increased activities in field siting of tubewells to facilitate the negotiation of the transfer of the Marala-Ravi Unit contract to the area of the Mangtanwala Unit Many of the field personnel were detailed to this portion of Project 4 to expedite the data collection and tubewell siting program. The Warala-Ravi Unit has been delayed because of its proximity to the Pakistan-India border and the travel restrictions which were enforced during the period of the National Emergency. The construction had just begun in August and field sites were being prepared for the Contractor, Geoistrazivanja of Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Office siting was completed for the Mangtanwala Unit for 300 tubewells; and an adjoining contract area for 500 tubewells, the Sheikhupura Unit, was also completed for nearly half of the preliminary office sites.
Throughout the quarter, meetings were held with the Chief Engineer of the WAPDA Ground Water and Reclamation Divison, Sayyid Hamid; the Deputy Chief Engineer, Sardar Allah Bakhsh; the Project Director, Khan Abdul Hamid Khan; and other members of the general staff of Wapda to coordinate the tubewell and drainage construction programs. Policy and planning meetings were also held with the personnel of the Planning and Construction Divisions, and with the Projects Manager, Robert C. Bolger. Much of the concentrated effort during the report period was directed toward the immediate needs of Wapda and the Consultant in providing data and field information for the flexible tubewell siting and construction program. Data required by Planning were also furnished on priority basis to meet the requirements of the accelerated project and regional planning schedules.
Progress schedules pertaining to "Design Production" were maintained throughout the quarter, and these progress schedules were submitted to Wapda.
Work continued on the production of soils data maps for WASID for the Bari Doab area. A few hundred drawings remain to be completed out of the estimated 600 photo-tracings of detailed field sampling and plotting of soil information. The work is being supervised by the draftsmen of this Division under the direction of Wasid representatives. The tracings are being sent to the drafting office on completed sub-divisional basis, and they are being transmitted as individual units father than by random individual photo-tracings There are approximately 30 to 40 photographs for each subdivision.
Contract Documents were published for "Fall Structure Cum V.R. Bridge Mona Drain R.D. 1 -900", and revisions were made in the Contract Documents for "Chot-Rukan Drain Structures"
Meetings were held withthe Consultants staff, World Bank Survey, and Lower Indus
Project planning personnel for the purpose of gathering units costs for estimating costs of canal remodification and tubewell projects.
Several field trips were made by members of the Surface Drainage Section in search of field information to clarify the design details on drainage works, and the Field Engineering Section was in the field most of the quarter on the problems of tubewell siting, data collection, and survey of distribution works. Four junior engineers were temporarily detailed to the Planning Division to assist in the data collection program for the Project 5 area. This was done to facilitate the demand for data for the project planning phases of Project 5, Lower Rechna Doab.




65-B.28
Field siting of tubewells was active in the Upper Jhelum Subproject of Project 2, Chaj
Doab. In Project 3, Lower Thial Doab, field siding of tubewells and watercourse mapping were in. progress for KotAdu Unit, Rangpur Unit, and Alipur Unit. For Project 4, Upper Rechna Doah, the siting of tubowells shifted from the Marala-Ravi Unit to the Mangtanwala Unit, and upward into the Sheikhupura Unit. For details of the progress in tubewell siting see the progress reportfedby thle Field Engineering Section.
The progress reported by the Reclamation Engineering Divison is given in detail by Section on the following pages. Reference to the project areas can be obtained from Plates 3 and 4, and the progress of construction for the tubewell program and drainage works can be obtained from the Construction Progress Reports published by the Construction Division.




65- B.29
SURFACE DRAINAGE SECTION
The progress reported by the Surface Drainage Section for the report period is recorded by Doab for the categories of (1) Office engineering and (2) Field engineering activities.
Several field trips were made by the Senior Engineer, M.S. Chaudhry and his staff to
study drainage alignments and to do field siting of tubewells. The Section worked on the siting of the Mangtanwala Unit and the Sheikhupura Unit, and prepared tubewell location maps for the preliminary sites.
Progress for thie Section is reported as follows:
CHAJ DOAB
PROJECT 2
(1) Office Engineering:
The final original Plan and Profile sheets were checked for Haria Drain, Haria
Outfall Drain, Afjowal Drain, and Sohawa Drain.
A structure list was prepared for the watercourse crossings, road crossings, and
inlets for Haria Drain, 'ohawa Drain and Ajjowal Drain.
A chak bandi map (,, the existing P.R.K. Drain was prepared for remodelling
studies.
The Plan and Profile of the Chenab Escape Channel, and subsurface water levels
of Ran Drain were plotted.
Checking of the check prints of Gojra Drain, Bheki Drain, Chenab Escape, and
Ran Drain was completed.
O ffice sitings of the following proposed drains under the UJC area were done on
chak bandi prints: Dhaul, Siwa, Thatta Pur, 1-L Branch of Dhainla, anid I-L, 2-R,
and 3-R of Thatta Pur, Dhok Murad and Majra Drains.
(2) Field Engineering:
Bench marks were fixed along the proposed Dhok Murad Drain alignment from
R oD, 0+000 to 9+477.
The Design Alignment was completed for Dhok Murad Drain from R D. 0+000 to
9+477, and for Mangat Drain (Alternate Proposal No. 11) from R .D. 24+221 to 27+500.
The Design Profile was completed for Dhok Murad Drain from R.D. 0+000 to
9+477, and for Mangat Drain (Alternate Proposal No. II) from R.D. 24+221 to 27+500.
Depth to subsurface water levels were taken on observation wells in the ChotRukan runoff measurement study area.
Subsurface water level observations were completed for Dhok Murad Drain, R.D.
0+000 to 9+477; Haria Drain, R D. 0+000 to 21+395; and Ajijowal Drain, R.D. 58+000
to 68+000.
Bench marks were fixed along the proposed Mangat Drain alignment from R.D.
26+000 to R,,D. 55+000.
The Design Alignment survey was completed for the Maringot Drain from R.D. 48+
000 to 66+537 (end).
The Design Profile survey of Mangat Drain was complex om R.D. 26+000 to
50+000.
Subsoil logging and penetration tests were undertaken along Bhera extension
Drain at its crossing with the Shahpur Branch and the P.W. Railway. This subsoil exploration was carried out to assess the design requirements of structures.




65-B.30
LOWER THAL DOAB
PRO JECT 3
. (1) Office Engineering:
Cross-sections of road crossings on Ghazi Ghat Main Drain and Branch Drains
were ploftted.
The base map of the Rangpur Unit was corrected after field verification of data.
And, the tubewell capacities were marked on the sepia of the tubewell location map.
Statements showing bed and full supply levels of watercourse crossings and road
levels of bridges along Ghazi Ghat Main Drain and Branch Drains were prepared and
submitted to thie Design Section.
UPPER RECHNA DOAB
PROJECT 4
Base mapsof the Sheikhupura Unit and the Mangtanwala Unit were prepared at the mosaic scale of 1.5 inches = I mile. The Mangtanwala Unit map was completed for tubewell capacil ies, numbers and locations. Copies of the map were transmitted to the Projects Manager for distribution, and a copy was given to the Data and Ma-ping Section for the preparation of an illustration for the Mangtanwala Contract Documents. Field trips were made to check the office siting and field siting of tubewells along Mangularu Minor and for outle data along the Shahdra Distributary. Outlet register luta were completed for the Mangtanwala Unit and copies of the outlet register data were used in the field siting of tubewells.
For the Sheikhupura Unit, outlet register data were copied from the Sheikhupura Division of the Irrigation Departmnent at Sheikhupura for the Southern Section of the Unit area. Preliminary office siting for 181 tubewells in the Southern Section have been completed. The tubewell location map was submitted to the Field Engineering Section for further action in tubewell siting.
LOWER RECHNA DOAB
PROJECT 5
A field trip was undertaken to Lyallpur for the collection of data concerning the proposed surface drainage systems for that portion of Lower Rechna Doab in the Project 5 area. A map was then prepared showing the drainage of Lower Rechna Doab, existing and proposed. Site locations for some of the major proposed drains were visited in the field. Discussions were held with the Executive Engineers of the Drainage Divisions at the Lyallpur Canal Office concerning the drainage program and the requirements for the drainage system. Design data were obtained on drainage works on interest to the Project 5 area.




65-B,31
FIELD ENGINEERING SECTION
The progress reported by the Field Engineering Section comes fromrn the Lahore office and the Multan office. Robert Crowley directed the field and office siting of tubewells in Project 2 and Project 4, assisted by Syed Mehboob Hussain Shah, Senior Engineer. The work in the area of Project 3 was under the direction of Gene White, Project Engineer of Project No. 3, and the Senior Engineer, M. Ataur-Rehman.
Tubewell location maps have been prepared for all areas where the tubewell construction program is in progress, and for areas where construction is forthcoming. Progress for tubewell siting arid distribution works is given by project area, as follows:
PROJECT NO 2 (Chaj Doab)
UPPER JHELUM SUBPROJECT
BUSAL UNIT (250 Tubewells)
A total of 250 sketch and data forms concerning tubewell sites and well data have been transmitted to thie Construction Division.
PHALIA UNIT (340 Tubewells)
A total of 315 sketch and data forms concerning tubewell sites and well data have been transmitted to the Construction Divison. During the quarter, 125 forms were completed. Field siting, distribution and office processing of data for 14-R and 15-R Distributaries have been comp leted.
SOHAWA UNIT (260 Tubewells)
250 site sketch and data forms have been transmitted to the Construction Division.
PROJECT NO. 3 (Lower Thal Doab)
KOT ADU UNIT (500 Tubewells)
Field mapping of existing watercourses has been completed for 800 channels. Chak bandi siting has been completed for 475 sites, 275 sites located during the report period. Final office siting has been done for 150 sites, and Field Siting and Distribution have been completed for 110 sites. Chak Bandi siting was the only activity reported for the quarter.
ALIPUR UNIT (500 Tubewells)
Field mapping of existing watercourses has been completed for 700 channels. Data
collection and chak bandi office siting are reported as completed. Final office siting has been completed for 210 sites, an increase of 100 during the quarter. And, 95 additional Field Siting and Distribution Plans have been made to bring the total to 160 sites completed.
RANGPUR UNIT (500 Tubewells)
Data collection had been completed for 350 preliminary sites on chak bandi maps, and an additional 150 sites were completed during the quarter to bring the total completed to date to 500 sites.




65-B ,32
PROJECT NO. 4 (Upper Rechna Doab)
The preliminary tubewell location map for the Mangtanwala Unit has been completed. The tubewell location map for the Sheikhupura Unit is in thie process of completion. The data were collected and processed by the Surface Drainage Section..
A 11 field work was discontinued in the area of the Marala-Ravi Unit. A few preliminary sites were completed and transmitted to the Construction Division, but the Contractor and Wapda were unable to complete the construction program because Natlonal Emergency precautions made access to the sites impossible. The Contract was made applicable to the Mangtonwala Unit, and the Field crews were transferred to the new area for data collection and field siting of tubewells.
In conjunction with the tubewell siting program a high water level survey was made
along the inundation areas of WMangutaru Minor to determine thie best locations for the tubewells.
The Mangtanwala Unit will have approximately 300 tubewells located between Degh
Nallah, the Ravi River, and the Q-B Link Canal. Sheikhupura Unit has approximately 500 tubewel ls adjoining the Mangtanwala Unit and extending northward along the border of Project 1.
The field personnel which were transferred to the Project 5 area to assist in the data collection program remained on temporary duty with thle Planning group. These four junior engineers and two vehicles are on temporary assignment to Planning to help expedite the data collection and compilation for the Project 5 Report.
Office processing of field data continued throughout the report period. Tubewell siting data were checked and tabulated, and the results were given to the Projects Manager and the Construction Division for equipment requirements and Contract information.




65-B.33
DESIGN ENGINEERING SECTION
Contract Documents were prepared for construction and drainage projects, and several revisions were made to thile standard contract conditions. A discussion of the progress reported by the Design Engineering Section includes the activities of the Chief Reclamation Engineer and the functions of the Design group. The progress is reported by project, as fo I lows:
PROJECT NO, 2 (Chaj Doa,).
(1) Tenders for the construction of'Fall I Structure Cum V.R. Bridge Mona Drain R D.
1+900", Contract No 2-209 were examined and recommendation for Award of Contract was made. It was recommended to award fthie contract to M/S Abdus Salam Mohammad Ishaque for construction of the structure for the amount of Rs62,000, and the item of "Care and Handling of water" is to be done by WAPDA. Bids previously opened for the Tender were in the amount of Rs91,844.23 and Rs161,464.00. Notice of Tender appeared in the Provincial Newspaper, "The Pakistan Times", on October 28, 1965. The schedule for Bid Opening was set for November 29, 1965.
(2) Bids were opened for the Tenders on the Chot-Rukan Drain Structures, Contract No.
2-203, on December 23, 1965, Two bids were received, one for Rs1,114,850.00, and the other for Rs 1,191,790 00. The Bids are now under examination. Contract Documents for Chot-Rukan Drain Structures were revised to include the latest revisions of the documents including the provision for separate payment for "Care and Handling of Water". Twenty-five copies of the documents were assembled, bearing the new issue date of November 1965. The advertisement appeared in "The Pakistan Times" newspaper on November 21, 1965. Bid opening was set for December 23, 1965.
(3) Designs and preparation of construction plans for the Shahpur Branch Culvert were nearly completed. The plans will be completed and submitted to the Irrigation Department for approval during January In accordance with instructions from the Deputy Chief Engineer, Sardar Allah Bakhsh, the design and preparation of construction plans for the Shahpur Branch culvert were begun. Thiis is one structure of the Bhera-Mona Drainage system which was originally scheduled to be designed and constructed by the Irrigation Department.
PROJECT NO 3 (Lower Thal Doab)
(1) An inspection trip was made to the Kot Adu Main Drain to investigate the construction difficulties encountered by the Contractor in construction of structure contract No.
3-204.
(2) Preparation of plans for excavation of Ghazi Ghat Main Drain has again been resumed by Wapda, and instructions were issued to the Design office to complete those plans for
early execution.
(3) On November 22-23 a field inspection was made of Kot Adu Main Drain and Ghazi Ghat Main Drain.
(4) Base plans for Ghazi Ghat Main Drain from R.D. 4+270 to RDo 156+500 were prepared to show Plan, Profile, and location of structures. Hydraulic data including bed
levels were also included on these drawings.




65-B.34
A final tabulation was made of all structures necessary on the Ghazi Ghat Main Drain.,
(5) Aqueduct Curn Foot Bridge Kot Adu Main Drain, RoD. 541'000: Originally a VoR.
'Bridge was proposed at R.D. 56+000. A re-examination of the necessity for this bridge
was made and it was determined that it could be eliminated and that a foot bridge in
the approximate vicinity would be sufficient. A foot bridge crossing was combined with an aqueduct already proposed at R.D. 54-000. The design has been completed and the
detailed plans have been prepared for this structure.
STANDARD CONTRACT DOCUMENTS
(1) The Standard Contract Documents for construction of structures have been revised to
provide for dewatering of structures as a separate payment item. The new section is
"Care and Handling of Water", Section 17. As a result, the section, "Excavation for Structures,' Section 4, was revised to exclude dewatering. In addition, a new section, "Rental and Dewatering Equipment", was prepared. All of these contract document revisions and additions have been made as a result of discussions with Sayiid Hamid, Chief Engineer, Ground Water and Reclamation Division, WAPDA.
DESIGN REPORTS AND REVIEWS
The Denver Office completed two reports pertaining to fiberglass tubewell design during the quarter. These reports were transmitted to the Lahore office foi local use and distribution. The reports are, (1) "A Comparison of Glass Surface Treatments for Fiberglass Reinforced Tubewell Casing", and (2) "Fiberglass Tubewell Casing Glass Surface Treatments".
The Design Engineering Section maintained the progress charts and the program schedules for the engineering cffice.. Monthly reports were prepared to the Project Director relating thre progress of work and the personnel requirements,




65-B.35
DATA AND MAPPING SECTION
The Data and Mapping Section functioned as a general service unit for the Construction
Division, ReclamaFion Engineering Division, and th; Planning Division, in providing the drawings and data needed for their activities on a direct daily basis. The work of the Section for the report period is recorded by the following categories: (1) Publication ofDocuments, (2) Data Collection,
and (3) Office Engineering.
(1) PUBLICATION OF DOCUMENTS:
Progress Report No, 65-A was. completed and copies were distributed to Wapda and the Consultants. The report contained the sumrrmary of progress for the Plannirhg and Reclamation Engineering Divisions for the First Quarter of the Fiscal Year1965-66, July..,through September, and the work done applicable to the "Salinity Control and Reclamation Consulting Services" covered under the "069" AID agreement. The copies given. to Dr. Hanoef, Technical Director Wapda, were in turn transmitted to the Director General, Planningand investigations, which assembled a composite progress report with the progress summaly from Herza. Th)e two reports'were published under one cover.
For the Construction Division, Progress Reports 35, 36, 37, and 38 were completed and published for the months of August, September, October and November, respectively,. The text for these reports was prepared by the Construction Division. The illustrations, color plates, offset printing, printing of cover stock, and binding were done by this Section. Approximately 80 copies of each report were prepared for distribution and office use The color illustration for the progress reports were reprinted and updated to show the latest Projects, Subprojects, and Units of the Ground Water and Reclamation Program. Over 1000 copies were printed for use in forthcoming reports.
Contract Documents for the "Supply of Fiberglass Tubewell Casing" were prepared and printed by offset press These documents were published at the request of the Chief Engineer, Sayyid Hamid, WAPDA Ground Water and Reclamation Division. A hundred copies of he Tender Documents were completed and given to the Chief Engineer.
Contract Documents for the Structures for Chot-Rukan Drain were completed by the Design Engineering Section, and the documents were trimmed and bound by this Section. Covers foi the documents were printed by offset press .
The Contract Documents for the Khadir Unit were delayed in binding to supplement the documents with additional information vital to the Contract Agreements, Photo-transparencies were made of pertinent letters secured from Wapda, and theseagree rnents.will be printed by offset press to be included -in the republication of the Khadir Unit documents.
II lustrations were reduced and photographic offset plates were printed for the Contract Documents, "Fall Structure Cum V.R. Bridge, Mona Drain, RoD. 1+900". The text of the document was prepared by the Design Section. Appropriae colored covers for Project No. 2 were printed to provide cover stock for the Chaj Doab exports Twenty-fiv6 copies of the contract documents were bound and returned to the Design Sctiorn. Half sizIe reproducibles of the engineeringcdrawings were also prepared and transmitted to the Design Section.




65-B36
(2) DATA COLLECTION :
The colection of data for the various departments of Projects Preparation continued on a daily requirement basis. Data were collected from many government offices in Lahore and several trips were made into other parts of the Punjab for the purposes of securing workable data for Planning and Reclamation interests.
The Junior Engineer, Sharaf Sultan, assisted by two tracers, collected data and made
copies of L-Section, chak bandi maps, Index Maps of Irrigation Division and Subdivision, and various supplemental informational inquiries at offices outside of Lahore. Except in areas where records were packed away and transported because of the National Emergency, all data collection assignments were completed successfully. All L-Sectiorsavailable for the Havell Canal System werecopied and brought back to this Section.
Data were collected from several government offices in Lahore for the requirements of Planning. These data came primarily from t e Bureau of Statistics, the Irrigation Department, Wasid, and the Discharge Division. A trip was made to the Bahawalpur region, Multan, arind D.G. Kha. to secure the District maps which would show village boundaries for Planning purposes. Chak bandi maps were obtained from Lyallpur for the Project 5 area, and some data concerning river headworks diversions were obtained from the Discharge Divsion and from their subdivisional canal offices.
A publication concerning the design and construction of the BRBD Link Canal Siphon under the Ravi River was obtained from the Irrigation Department for use in studying the design of the structure.
(3) OFFICE ENGINEERING :
The tracing of soils data for Wasid continued throughout the quarter. The tracing work is being supervised by the Wasid personnel and by the draftsmen of the Data and Mapping Section The original tracings are being sent by Wasid in subdivisional groups. Bari Doab has approximately 600 photographs on which the soils data has been plotted at the scale of four inches = I mile.
The drafting room personnel prepared engineering drawings and made revisions to
drawings for existing and proposed drainage systems. "Plan, Sections, and Details" drawing for Shazi Ghat Main Drain at thlie Muzaffargarh Canal Escape Junction"was completed for the Design Section. For the Bhera-Mona Drainage System, "Plan, Sections, and Reinforcements" drawing was prepared for the Shahpur Branch Culvert Transitions.
Several drawings were made for the Planning Division, primarily in the form of data collection forms and charts, The charts were printed on offset press on reproducible masters and returned to Planning.
A personnel chart was prepared for the Project Engineer of the UJC Subdivision, and it showed the relationship of the Pakistani staff to the Expatriate staff, and the job assignments and personnel involved in the 850-tubewell project.
The Section supplied blueprint copying service on a daily need basis, both at the 27 E-1 Office and at the 31-Main Office. The group acted as a special service unit for all of the departments concerning the collection of data and th production n of engineering drawings,




65-B.37
RECLAMATION ENGINEERING
ACTIVITIES FOR THE THIRD QUARTER OF FISCAL YEAR 195 -66
The schedule of activities for the Third Quarter will be a continuation of the work in progress during the Second Quarter, and the production of engineering drawings and data to meet the requirements of the Ground Water and Reclamation Program.
Activities generally to be included are the following:
PROJECT 2. Work will continue on the supervision of the contract for the Fall Structure on Mona Drain The contract for the construction of structures for ChotRukan Drainage System will be awarded, following complete examination of the Tenders which have been submitted. Designs and preparation of construction plans for the Shahpur Branch Culvert will be completed and they will be submitted to the Irrigation Department. Office processing of engineering data for the design and detail of drainage works will continue to be a major part of the engineering program. Field siting of tubewells in the Upper Jhelum Subproject will continue, and data on well locations will be made available.
PROJECT 3. Work will continue on the contracts in the Low6r Thal area for drainage works, principally in the areas of Kot Adu Main Drain and Ghazi Ghat Main Drain; Field and office siting of tubewells for the Rangpur Unit, the Alipur Unit, and the Kot Adu Unit; alongwith the completion of data required by the Construction Division. Design data for drainage works and tubewell locations will be progressing, and the tubewell construction program will be underway in the Alipur Unit.
PROJECT 4, Field and office siting of tubewells for the Mangtanwala Unit and the Sheikhupura Unit will be the major effort in the Project 4 area. This also includes the preparation of data required by the Construction Division Contract Documents for Mangtanwala Unit will be published, and work will begin on documents for the Sheikhupura Unit,, Data collection w ill continue
PROJECT 5. Data collection, preparation of illustrations for the Project 5 Report, publication of text and illustrative materials for the Planning Division for both Project 5 and the Regional Plan, preliminary siting of tubewells and general reviews of the drainage systems will be on the schedule during the Third Quarter..
The tracing of soils data for WASID and the p Ation of printed matter will continue to be a function of the Reclamation group Data coluction for project and regional studies, and the preparation of engineering drawings will be a vital part of the activities for the next report period.




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