Front Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Index to Volume I
 The Garden of Eden
 Naming of the Animal Creation
 The Deluge
 Departure of Hagar
 Abraham Offering Isaac
 Rebekah at the Well
 Jacob's Ladder
 Rachel First Seen by Jacob
 Joseph Sold by His Brethren
 Joseph's Coat
 Jacob Blessing His Children
 The Finding of Moses
 Balaam and His Ass
 Pharoah's Dream
 David Sparing Saul
 Balak and his Princes
 The Fall of Manna
 Expiation of Murder
 Moses Striking the Rock
 God's Charge to Moses
 The Death of Moses
 Moses Receiving the Tables
 The Angel, Appearing to Joshua
 Fall of the Wall of Jericho
 Joshua Staying the Sun and...
 Caleb's Gift
 Jael and Sisera
 Jephthah's Rash Vow
 Lament of the Daughters of...
 Manoah's Sacrifice
 Moses Viewing the Promised...
 Samson Carrying the Gates...
 The Death of Samson
 Unleavened Cakes
 Naomi and Her Daughters-in-Law
 Ruth Gleaning
 The Molten Calf
 Boaz Rewarding Ruth
 Moses Delivering the Second...
 Boaz Marries Ruth
 Offering the Lamb
 Samuel Called by the Lord
 The Brazen Serpent
 Samuel Anounting Saul
 Destruction of the Amorites
 David Playing on the Harp Before...
 David and Goliath
 The Fall of Dagon
 Samson Slaying the Lion
 Abigail and David
 The Israelites Crossing the Red...
 Saul and the Witch
 The Plague Stayed
 David Dancing Before the Ark
 Nathan's Parable
 Nathan Reproves David
 Absalom Suspended by the Hair
 The Death of Absalom
 Cushi Bringing Tidings
 Death of Amasa
 Saul's Seven Sons Hanged
 David, Bathsheba, and Solomon
 The Judgment of Solomon
 A Prophet Destroyed by a Lion
 Jeroboam's Wife
 Elijiah Raising the Widow's...
 Back Cover

Title: Tallis's Illustrated Scripture history for the improvement of youth
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020326/00001
 Material Information
Title: Tallis's Illustrated Scripture history for the improvement of youth
Alternate Title: Illustrated Scripture history
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill., plates ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Gaspey, Thomas, 1788-1871
Tallis, John, 1817-1876 ( Publisher )
Rogers, J ( Engraver )
Publisher: John Tallis and Co.
Place of Publication: London
New York ;
Publication Date: 1851
Subject: Bible stories, English -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1851
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
United States -- New York -- New York
Statement of Responsibility: by the editor of Sturm's Family devotions.
General Note: Added title-pages, engraved.
General Note: Added engraved title page imprint J. & F. Tallis.
General Note: Illus. engraved by J. Rogers.
General Note: Baldwin library copies bound as 4 volumes: v. 1, pt 1 & 2; v 2, pt 1 & 2 (Spine labels v I-IV)
Funding: Brittle Books Program
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00020326
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002238314
oclc - 24355767
notis - ALH8811
lccn - 37031970

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover 1
        Front cover 2
        Dedication 3
        Frontispiece 4
    Half Title
        Title 5
    Title Page
        Title 6
    Index to Volume I
        Index i
        Index ii
        Page i
        Page ii
        Page iii
    The Garden of Eden
        Page 2
        Page 2a
    Naming of the Animal Creation
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 8a
    The Deluge
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 10a
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 14
    Departure of Hagar
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 14a
    Abraham Offering Isaac
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 18
    Rebekah at the Well
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 18a
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 22
    Jacob's Ladder
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 22a
    Rachel First Seen by Jacob
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 26
    Joseph Sold by His Brethren
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 26a
    Joseph's Coat
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 28a
    Jacob Blessing His Children
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
    The Finding of Moses
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 34a
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
    Balaam and His Ass
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
    Pharoah's Dream
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 30a
    David Sparing Saul
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 126a
    Balak and his Princes
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 70a
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
    The Fall of Manna
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 40a
    Expiation of Murder
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 74a
    Moses Striking the Rock
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 42a
    God's Charge to Moses
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
    The Death of Moses
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 78a
    Moses Receiving the Tables
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 46a
    The Angel, Appearing to Joshua
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
    Fall of the Wall of Jericho
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 82a
    Joshua Staying the Sun and Moon
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 86a
    Caleb's Gift
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
    Jael and Sisera
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 90a
    Jephthah's Rash Vow
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 94a
    Lament of the Daughters of Israel
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
    Manoah's Sacrifice
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 98a
    Moses Viewing the Promised Land
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
    Samson Carrying the Gates of Gaza
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 102a
    The Death of Samson
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
    Unleavened Cakes
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 92a
    Naomi and Her Daughters-in-Law
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 106a
    Ruth Gleaning
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
    The Molten Calf
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 50a
    Boaz Rewarding Ruth
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 110a
    Moses Delivering the Second Tables
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
    Boaz Marries Ruth
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
    Offering the Lamb
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 54a
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 58a
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 60a
    Samuel Called by the Lord
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 114a
    The Brazen Serpent
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 66a
    Samuel Anounting Saul
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 118a
    Destruction of the Amorites
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
    David Playing on the Harp Before Saul
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
    David and Goliath
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 122a
    The Fall of Dagon
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
    Samson Slaying the Lion
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
    Abigail and David
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
    The Israelites Crossing the Red Sea
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 38a
    Saul and the Witch
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
    The Plague Stayed
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 62a
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
    David Dancing Before the Ark
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 130a
    Nathan's Parable
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
    Nathan Reproves David
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 134a
    Absalom Suspended by the Hair
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
    The Death of Absalom
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 138a
    Cushi Bringing Tidings
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 140a
    Death of Amasa
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 142a
    Saul's Seven Sons Hanged
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
    David, Bathsheba, and Solomon
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 146a
    The Judgment of Solomon
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
    A Prophet Destroyed by a Lion
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 150a
    Jeroboam's Wife
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 152a
    Elijiah Raising the Widow's Son
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 154a
        Page 155
        Page 156
    Back Cover
        Page 157
Full Text

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Aaron, Consecration of 55 Death-bed, Elisha on his 175
Abel, the Death of 7 Deluge, the 9
Abigail and David 123 Den of Lions, Daniel cast into the 295
Absalom, the Death of 137 Despair, Job in 245
Abundance, give from your 265 Dial, the Shadow of the .271
Adam and Eve, Expulion from Dismay, Athaliah in 207
Paradise 5 Dream, Pharaoh's 29
Affliction, Job's 230 Eden, Garden of 1
Ahasuerus (King), Queen Esther Elijah, an Earthquake seen by 159
before 231 Enemies, David calling on God to
Abij ah, the Children of Israel de- defeat his .. 255
feated by 201 Encamped Israelites, the 35
Amasa, Death of 141 Exalted, Solomon 191
Amorites, Destruction of the 83 Ezekiel's Wife, the Death of 285
Animal Creation, Naming of Fall, Idolatry shall 309
the .3 False Prophets, Elijah and the 156
Ark, David dancing before the 129 Friends, Job and his .243
Assyria and Nineveh, the Destruc- Fruit, the Basket of 303
tion of, foretold 315 Gates of Gaza, Samson carrying
Assyrian Host, an Angel destroys the 101
the .. 179 Gift, Caleb's 87
Ass, Balaam and his 67 Gleaning, Ruth 107
Athaliah, the Death of 209 God, the Greatness of. 313
Babylon, the triumph of, foretold 277 The House of,plundered and
the Fall of 281 destroyed 221
Balak and the Princes 69 Guilty City, Woe to the 311
Benevolence, David's 187 Hagar, Departure of 13
Book of the Law, Ezra opens the 229 Hair, Absalom suspended by the 136
Brethren, Joseph sold by his 25 Haman, Esther accuses 217
Cakes, the Unleavened 91 Heaven, Elijah calling Fire from 161
Calf, the Molten 47 ---- Elijah taken up to 166
Children, Elisha mocked by 167 High Priest, Aaron the 69
of Israel, Hadoram stoned Honoured, Mordecai 236
to Death by the 199 Hosea's Vision 317
Jacob blessing his 31 House of the Lord, Levites or-
Church, Christ and his 267 dered to sanctify the 219
Coat, Joseph's 27 Idols, offering Incense to 299
Covenant, Josiah receiving the 183 Invitation, Esther's 233
Dagon, the Fall of 115 Isaac, Abraham offering 15
Daughters-in-law, Naomi and her 105 Israel, Lament of the Daughters
David, Bathsheba, and Solomon 145 of 95
- and Goliath 121 Israelites, the Children of Judah
David, Nathan reproves 133 are treated kindly by the 217


Jacob, Isaac blessing 19
Rachel first seen by. 23
Jael and Sisera 89
Jericho, Fall of the Wall of Sl
Jerusalem, Fall of 185
Joash, Jehoshabeath carries off
the Infant Prince 205
Job's Friend, the Vision of 247
Joshua, the Angel appearing to 79
Judgment-Seat, the 71
Ladder, Jacob's 21
Lamb, offering the 53
Leprosy, Naaman cured of 171
Uzziah struck with 215
Levites' Collection, Joash calls for
the 211
Lion, Samson slaying the 99
-- A Prophet destroyed by a. 149
Manna, the Fall of 39
Mantle, Elijah's 163
Meribah, the Water of .63
Micaiah, Ahab orders to Prison 203
Moses, the finding of 33
-- God's charge to 43
the Death of 77
Murder, expiation of 73
Nehemiah at Jerusalem 227
Nebuchadnezzar 291
Offering,the Burnt- 57
Parable, Nathan's 131
Plague, the, stayed 61
Poor, pity the 261
Priests, warning to 319
Prison, Jeremiah released from
the. 279
Promised Land, Moses viewing the 75
Prosperity, Job restored to 251
Queen of Sheba, King Solomon
and the. 197
Rash Vow, Jephthah's 93
Reassured, Job 249
Red Sea, Israelites crossing the 37
Rejoicing, David 253
Restored, Israel to be .301
Resignation, Job's 241
Righteous, Hope for all the .273
Ruins, Jerusalem in 283
Rock, Moses striking the 41
Ruth, Boaz rewarding 109
---- Boazmarries .111

Sacrifice, Noah's 11
-- Manoah's 97
-- the Accepted .157
Samson, Death of 103
Samuel called by the Lord. 113
Saul, Samuel anointing 117
David sparing 125
David playing on the IHarp
before 119
's seven Sons hanged 143
Sea, Jonah cast into the 307
Second Tables, Moses delivering
the 51
Sennacherib, Death of 181
Serpent, the Brazen 65
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-
nego 289
Shepherd, the Good 269
Shunammite, the, and her Son 169
Solomon, the Judgment of 147
Singers and Musicians, David ap-
pointing the 193
Stocks, Jeremiah brought forth
from the 275
Sun and Moon, Joshua staying the 85
Tables, Moses receiving the 45
-- Moses breaking the 49
Tabernacles, the Feast of 225
Tadmor, the Building of 195
Temple, Cyrus proclaims that he
will rebuild the 223
Temple of Baal, destruction of the 173
Tidings, Cushi bringing 139
Transgressions, Israel's 177
Transgression and Penitence,
David's 189
Tyre, the Fall of 287
Violence shall be Punished 263
Wall, the Writing on the 293
Water of Babylon, the Children
of Israel by the 259
Well, Rebecca at the 17
Wicked, the Righteous shall not
fall before the 257
Wicked, Judgments on the 297
Widow's Son, Elijah raising the 153
Wife, Jeroboam's 151
Witch, Saul and the 127
Zechariah, the Death of 213
Zion's, (Mount) Deliverance 305


THE work now submitted to the Christian world,
it is desired to render especially attractive to youth.
With this object in view, awful and astonishing
incidents recorded in the Bible, for the instruction of
mankind, have been selected, more especially such
as admitted of pictorial representation. Few adults
can have forgotten the powerful impression made
on them in their younger days by the rude illustra-
tions which met their eye in the old story books.
The Fables of Esop have been established, it may
be said, universally, in English memories by such
means. It cannot admit of a doubt, that a still
greater effect, and one immeasurably more desirable,
may be produced from a series of histories, which
though wonderful as those which have amused many
generations by their startling extravagance in the
" Arabian Nights," can be put forth with the most
solemn warranty for their truth. They comprehend
everything that is grand in nature, daring in ad-
venture, and beautiful in description. What can
be more deeply interesting than conversations in

which the Fathers of Mankind, Ancient Kings, and
even Angels from Heaven, are the speakers ? What
so exciting as those scenes which bring before us
the actions and the sufferings of holy Prophets,
devoted Apostles, and the Son of God himself!
Impressed with a due sense of the august charac-
ter of the events which are to be treated, the editor
has been anxious to relate them with clearness,
avoiding with equal care grandiloquent display, and
the too familiar prattle of the nursery. Though
praise may issue from "the mouths of babes and
sucklings," it is not by means within the reach of
babes and sucklings that the rapidly expanding
mind of youth can be developed to its fair propor-
tions. Scripture revelations are injured by an
affectation of nurse-like gossip.
The most daring imaginations have not been
equal to a flight so lofty as to reach the astounding
wonders recorded in holy writ. What achievements
can approach those of Moses? What situations
equal in interest those presented to us in the
Bible? What fabled magician could pretend to
such mighty powers as we see exerted, when a
world is called into existence; a vast ocean divided;
and the great luminaries of Heaven arrested in their

course ? Not confined to these are the subjects
which claim attention, but an astonishing variety of
incidents command our admiration, while we are
successively occupied with appalling judgments,
affecting catastrophes, and miracles of mercy.
The sacred and venerated book in which these are
recorded, places before the youthful student, at the
same moment, worldly knowledge and divine wis-
dom. No common-place narratives are offered to
his contemplation. He seems to hear the language
of revered patriarchs, the speech of cherubim and
seraphim, and even the voice of the Most High.
It is difficult to imagine a mind accustomed to such
themes, which will not derive from them not merely
improvement, but words, thoughts, and aspirations
ennobling and sublime. Occupied with sacred mus-
ings, lifted above the sordid cares of every-day life,
its grovelling hopes and fears dismissed, the young
enthusiast may be permitted to exclaim with
Into the heaven of heavens I have presumed,
An earthly guest, and drawn imperial air."

mountains of Libanus and Antilibanus, in that
part of Syria which claimed Damascus as its
Adonis, a lover of Venus, the fabled ad-
mirer of a fictitious goddess, had many gardens
named after him, which were adorned by the
Greeks and Egyptians with baskets of silver,
and ingeniously fashioned earthen vessels.
The title given to several of these, The gar-
den of Adon," reminded the hearer of the gar-
den of Eden, but the spot on which Adam and
Eve first drew the breath of life remained un-
When their offended Maker caused them to
be expelled from the scene of their trans-
gression, it was no temporary exile to which
they were sentenced. God having willed that
they should leave it, man would vainly have
attempted to return: there was "placed at the
east of the garden of Eden cherubim and a
flaming sword which turned every way to keep
the way of the tree of life." After reading this
it is hardly too much to presume that mortal
foot was never again permitted to tread within
its limits. It will hence be seen, that sinful
disobedience, however sincerely repented, leads
to consequences which cannot be repaired, and
which must for ever be deplored.


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" And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of
the field and every fowl of the air; and brought them
unto Adam to see what he would call them; and whatso-
ever Adam called every living creature that was the name
thereof."-GENESIS, chap. ii., verse 19.


GOD having bestowed life on the human race
added the gift of the earth, and moreover
ordained that man should have dominion over
the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air,
and over every living thing that moveth upon
the earth. The gift was so great and so glori-
ous that if we met with such a narrative else-
where, we should deem it a vain fable, and the
thoughtless scoffer would be tempted to ask,
"how has God given dominion over the fish in
the sea, who have power in their own element
to dart forward or backward with the rapidity
of lightning, and to pass where no man can fol-
low them? Can man pretend to control the
fowls of the air, who proudly pass over him,
and sometimes reach a height which renders
them almost invisible to his unassisted vision ?
How is his rule established over the hare and
=~4~ V~-V~~-J)

many small animals, which, if they are inferior
to him in strength, so far surpass him in
speed, that a very few moments will carry them
out of his sight; and where are his power and
dominion should he try his strength against
that of the tiger, the lion, or the elephant?"
Such language, ignorance and folly, attempt-
ing to reason, might hold, on reading the re-
cord preserved to us in Genesis. Truly it is
strange indeed, when we see what enormous
might, what swiftness, what magnitude belong
to the brute creation, that man should be able
to subdue them; yet we have only to look
around and we shall find ample proofs that
he has command over them all. The greatest
and the fiercest monsters of the deep and the
desert, are slain or captured by him, and con-
verted to our use.
And why is this? because man has been
endowed with that which has not been given
to other created beings, a rational mind.
The untaught youth will necessarily marvel
how such things could be. Scripture solves
the interesting, the sublime enigma; here we
find the origin of that which we behold. The
empire man possesses over the brute creation
was granted to him by his Creator, and to him
was assigned the office of giving them names.

Then their eyes were indeed opened. In
wild dismay they now found that they were
naked and helpless, and, as is ever the case
with sinners against the Divine law, they
feared to meet their God.
That was an awful evening for them which
followed their disobedience. God approached
them in the garden: they heard his dread
voice and tried to hide themselves. But the
attempt was vain; vain they knew it would be
to deny what they had done, and vain was the
attempt of Adam in that hour of deep humilia-
tion, to throw the blame on his companion,
God saw that the serpent was the tempter
which had wrought the evil. His curse fell on
the wretehed enemy of man; Eve was doomed
to know varieties of pain, Adam was con-
demned to toil through the remainder of his
life, and both were sent forth from the garden
of Eden, there to till the ground.
The reader will hence learn that to disobey
the commands of the Eternal, even though
their object may not be perfectly comprehended,
is fraught with danger. It is the duty of all,
but especially of the young, to study with
devout attention the word of God-
And where we can't unravel learn to trust."

quence of their own misdeeds. Because it had
not pleased the Lord to view his offering with
favour, Cain formed the horrid design of taking
away his brother's life. Abel, innocent himself,
suspected not that a thought so wicked could
have entered the heart of Cain. Fearing no
malice, he walked with his brother in the field,
as we may suppose had been his frequent
practice, and while conversing with him Cain
suddenly attacked and deprived him of life.
They were alone, but the all-seeing eye of
God was on the murderer. When the Lord
demanded "where is Abel?" he asked, "am I
my brother's keeper?" thus intimating that
he could not answer for what had befallen
his victim. The foolish attempt to hide his
guilt instantly failed-God is not to be de-
ceived by the most artful of men. Solitude
and the darkness of the midnight hour are
in vain resorted to by the evil doer to baffle
justice, and divine wrath ever pursues' the
shedder of blood. Hence, the young will see
how desirable it is to preserve the mind from
being moved by envy or hatred, and guard
against giving way to feelings of anger. In
the words of Dr. Watts-
Children, you should never let
Your angry passions rise."

w 9t-5

"The waters prevailed and were increased greatly upon the
earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters, and
the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth and all the
high hills that were under the whole heaven were covered."
-GENESIS chap. vii., verse 18-19.

THE rebellious spirit of Adam which caused his
ignominious expulsion from Paradise, brought
" sin into the world," and left it a wretched
legacy to his posterity. In time the growing
depravity of mankind, became more than Divine
patience could longer endure. One righteous
man warned of the heavy judgment which im-
pended over a sinful race, was instructed to
build an ark, in which he and his family were
permitted to rest, while the windows of Heaven
were opened and rain deluged the lands. Terri-
ble indeed was the scene then witnessed:
tremendous the effects of God's wrath. During
forty days torrents of rain continued to descend
from the clouds, overwhelming and destroying
everything that till then had been supposed to be
safe; but as no sin can escape the eye of the
Omniscient, so no defence can save the trans-
gressor from his mighty arm. The mind recoils
VOL. I. C 9

shuddering at the thought, yet men who would
tremble to receive the sentence of a human
judge, carelessly trample on the laws of God.
When the sinners who had brought this ca-
lamity-this heavy judgment on the world,
were no more, the waters abated. In the
seventh month, on the seventeenth day, the ark
rested on Ararat.
The mountain thus indicated is named from
a compound, Ar-arat, in the Hebrew tongue
meaning mountain of descent." Its exact
situation is not known. There are indeed
persons who boldly undertake to point it out,
but writers who have due regard for sacred
truth, are forced to admit that of the various
accounts given, it is doubtful which ought to
be preferred.
The history of the Deluge will lead the
serious reader to reflect how dreadfully com-
prehensive Divine wrath can be; but while we
shudder at the thought, it will be remarked,
that God is as potent to save as to punish, and
often since the days of Noah it has been found,
that while dreadful judgments were spreading
far and wide universal ruin and despair, the
good man in his family has been saved from
peril, and remained, not only uninjured, but
serene till the storm had passed away.


"And Noah builded an altar unto the Lord; and took of every
clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt-
offerings on the altar."-GENESIS, chap. viii., verse 20.

WHEN just but severe punishment had been
inflicted on a guilty world the waters subsided,
the hills began to appear, and the earth gener-
ally resumed its former aspect. Noah, while
in the ark, had sent forth a dove. The bird
was, however, unable to find any tree or other
place on which she could remain, and she re-
turned to the floating home of the patriarch.
The experiment was repeated, and she brought
back an olive leaf in her mouth. Sent forth
a third time, the feathered messenger returned
no more.
At length the waters were dried up, and
Noah was directed by the God who had so
graciously preserved him to leave the ark;
tand accordingly he went forth with his sons,
and his sons' wives, eight in number, and all
the living creatures he had taken with him
into the ark
Joy and gratitude he doubtless felt, thus re-
stored, while all besides had perished; in proof of

his thankfulness he raised an altar, and offered
solemn sacrifice to the Lord. This was one of
the most remarkable services connected with
religion in the time of the patriarchs. The
consuming of certain animals on a consecrated
altar was enjoined, as that which would gain
favour in the eyes of the Deity; "the wages
of sin being death," it was held, that without
the shedding of blood there could be no re-
mission of sin.
Mankind have since been taught that such
observances may be dispensed with, but in the
case of Noah the offering proved acceptable to
the Lord, and He declared that He would curse
no more the ground for man's sake, and that
"while the earth remaineth, seed-time and
harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and
winter, and day and night, shall not cease."
The promise made thousands of years ago
we plainly see is remembered still. The vicis-
situdes of the season, the transitions from
summer to winter, and from cold to heat, are
constantly witnessed within the range of every
twelve months. While we learn from the
mournful history of the past the dreadful effects
of God's vengeance, we also read in the Bible
what our own eyes serve but to confirm of his
enduring mercies.



I~ ~ ~ ~ II I N I N

NI 1,), I 1/ IN, 1 1 N 1)PF R 1 ) T

5! I

4J a~\

"Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread and
a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her
shoulder and the child, and sent her away; and she de-
parted, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba."--
GENESIS, chap. xxi., verse 14.

ABRAHAM had become an aged man before
his son Isaac was born, for at that time he had
numbered a hundred years. His wife, Sarah,
who had despaired of having a child, greatly
rejoiced in the event, and said in the fullness of
her joy, God hath made me to laugh so that
all that hear will laugh with me."
But the joy of Sarah did not prevent her
shewing an angry feeling when the son of
Hagar, a bondwoman, and also the son of
Abraham, was in her sight. She could not
endure the thought that Ismael, the child of
her servant should appear in the same scene
with Isaac, and as an equal. This feeling was
not momentary, but caused her frequently to
desire that Abraham would send away Hagar
and her son, which Abraham was backward to
do, till God called upon him to hearken to the
voice of Sarah.
Hagar took her departure from the house

of Abraham. She was provided with a small
supply of bread and water, and journeyed in
the wilderness, where her provision soon failed.
The afflicted mother was disconsolate. She
threw her child under the shrubs, and with-
drew weeping, not to see it expire.
In that moment of deep distress when hope
was no more, an angel came down from Heaven
to comfort her, and then "God opened her
eyes, and she saw a well of water."
The child was saved, he grew up in the
wilderness, and he became an archer.
The Scripture reader will learn hence, that
when the sufferer from want can hope for no
relief from man, he should humbly seek assist-
ance from above. If angels from the sky are
not seen by the mortal eye, as in the ancient
world, God's power and wisdom have ex-
perienced no abatement, and his mercy is as
distinctly perceptible to his sincere worshippers,
as ever it was in the days of Abraham. In-
stead of yielding to weak despondency, each
should call upon the Lord of all, and say-

"Thro' the skies when the thunder is hurl'd
The child to its parent will flee,
Thus amid the rebukes of the world
I turn, O my Father, to thee."


71-" -I
?%YLi~\., b, ^

74 )

~7 ~ LIC i i c/
_-L~I~JL~ s/ --~c.

.\A IR A l .\. ) ( "FE I I N (G I S NAC

" They came to the place which God had told them of; and
Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order;
and bound Isaac his son, and laid him upon the altar upon
the wood."-GENESIS, chap. xxii., verse 9.


IN the early history of the world it has already
been told, the practice of sacrificing to God was
very general; and on some extraordinary occa-
sions, to avert His wrath a human victim was
called for.
Abraham, a venerated patriarch, had long
been childless, he had at length the joy of
seeing his wife Sarah become a mother. She
gave birth to Isaac. That he should be dear
to his parents would, under ordinary circum-
stances, have been natural, but in this case the
boon conceded was especially valued.
In many parts the Bible teaches that the
good are severely proved. Sharp trials are
reserved for those who are faithful to duty, and
the Creator ordained Abraham to hear a sen-
tence most afflicting to the feelings of a parent.
He was commanded to take his only son into
the land of Moriah, and there offer him on one
of the mountains as a burnt offering.

However painful the task of obedience, Abra-
ham did not shrink from its performance. He
rose early and commenced the needful prepara-
tions. A journey of three days brought him
to the appointed spot, and the resigned father
looked on the mountains where it had been
intimated to him his son Isaac must die.
Two servants had accompanied them, who
were now dismissed, and the wood to kindle
the fire, and the knife to shed the victim's
blood, were carried forward by themselves, the
son being as yet in ignorance of what was
In sadness Abraham prepared to obey the
command. He laid his hands upon Isaac, who
appears to have made no resistance, and to have
evinced no fear; and all being ready, and the
intended victim bound, Abraham's hand was
raised, when an angel called to him to spare
the lad, for what he had already done suf-
ficed to prove that he feared God. Thus,
often when the afflicted christian, bending be-
neath a weight of woe, is borne down by melan-
choly anticipations, light suddenly breaks on
the drooping spirit from above; the dreaded
evil is averted, and Peace, "such as the world
cannot give," takes full possession of the heart
that has proved faithful to duty.

I') F'`i' k:lA L

..,. Id
v r. .r I..


6~JI ~1

" Rebekah came out with her pitcher upon her shoulder, and
the damsel was very fair to look upon, and she went down
to the well."-GENESIS, chap. xxiv., verses 15, 16.

AFTER the birth of Isaac, Abraham lived
many years. In his old age he was desirous
that his son should marry, and he in con-
sequence resolved to send his eldest servant to
seek a wife for him in a distant land.
He instructed the domestic not to choose a
woman of Canaan, and moreover informed him
that the angel of the Lord would go before
in the land which he was to visit, and be at
hand to direct him to the place where he
should find the object of his journey.
The servant, who was a man of piety, tra-
velled on this occasion in great state, taking
with him ten camels, which were laden with
valuables. On his road he prayed to the
Lord that he would be pleased to bless his
master, and so to order things that when the
young females of the city approached a certain
well, by which he had caused his camels to
kneel, he might know by a sign which of them
VOL. I. D 17

all was the maiden most fitted to become the
daughter-in-law of Abraham.
Let it come to pass," said he, "that the
damsel to whom I shall say 'let down thy
pitcher I pray thee, that I may drink,' return
for answer, drink, and I will give thy camels
also.' "
Before he had done speaking, Rebekah ap-
peared in sight. She was fair; Abraham's
servant entered into conversation with her, and
had the happiness to hear her give the answer
which he had prayed might issue from the
lips of the maiden who was destined to be
united to Isaac.
He now accompanied Rebekah to her rela-
tions; it was soon arranged that she should be
the wife of his master's son.
Isaac had waited anxiously to learn the result,
when one evening walking forth to meditate,
he saw a train of camels coming towards him.
They drew nearer, he beheld his future partner,
and assisted her to alight from the camel on
which she was seated. Rebekah shortly afterwards
became his bride. The happy event, it will be
seen, was brought about so soon, through the
confidence with which the faithful servant re-
lied on God to bless his labours in a good
cause, for the service of his master.

^ ISA sNAC c .IAc'(St. J C

"t- .. Ii. -," [,A-- ,I',

"And Isaac called Jacob and blessed him, and charged him,
and said unto him thou shalt not take a wife of the
daughters of Canaan."-GENESIS, chap. xxviii., verse 1.

THE daughters of Canaan were doubtless a
very foolish if not a very wicked race. Abra-
ham was so anxious that Isaac should not
marry one, that he made his servant swear he
would not seek among them for a wife for his
son, and Isaac having become a father, and see-
ing his son Jacob of a proper age to marry, felt
the like anxiety on this subject.
Thoughtless young people sometimes in such
matters disregard the wishes of their parents.
Carried away by ungovernable passion, they
marry in haste, unsanctioned, and unblest; sad
are the consequences; instead of realising the
joyous life which they had imaged to them-
selves, they soon find that they have care, pain,
and frequently utter ruin to deplore.
Jacob, more wise than to act such a part,
held himself ready to take that course which
the wisdom and experience of a father, might
point out as the one to be preferred. Then it
was that Isaac called to him and blessed him.

jipin uta teon o e J Lfrrd19T Jni

"Arise," said he, "go to Padan Aram, to
the house of Bethel, thy mother's father, and
take thee a wife from thence of the daughters of
Laban thy mother's brother; and God Almighty
bless thee and make thee fruitful, and multiply
thee that thou mayest be a multitude of people;
and give thee the blessing of Abraham to thee
and to thy seed with thee."
Jacob accordingly went to a distant country
in the East, in order to comply with the wish
so expressed.
It will be seen in the history of Jacob that
he cheerfully, in this instance, obeyed the voice
of his father, and though he at first experi-
enced some disappointment, and had to wait
many years for that which he desired, yet in
the end all was well. He succeeded in amass-
ing riches, and in gaining for a wife the woman
he most loved and admired.
From his example we may learn that the
prudent self-denial, which enables sons to con-
form to the counsel given by an indulgent
parent, leads to wealth, worldly honours, and
happiness. The maddening folly, which, under
the name of love, has betrayed many heed-
less beings to sin and misery, was happily
avoided by the patriarch Jacob, "and he was

~a\ I -OC~--~BF "-


,. .y
J 6

.II ~I Ili:i i
i : ;I : ii

" He dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and
the top of it reached to Heaven : and behold, the angels of
God ascending and descending on it."-GENESIS, chap.
xxix., verse 12.

IT has been seen that Jacob respected the com-
mands of his father; and that eventually he
was happy. Seeking a wife, he went out
from Beer-Sheba and journeyed towards Haran.
On reaching a certain spot, he determined there
to take up his abode for the night. In those
days inns, or houses for the reception of way-
faring travellers, were few, and the sun having
set, it appears Jacob was obliged to rest on the
ground, and to use some stones that he found
there for his pillow. In a vision, he beheld "a
ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it
reached to Heaven, and the angels of God were
ascending and descending on it."
Nor was this all, for behold the Lord stood
above it, and said, I am the Lord God of
Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the
land whereon thou liest to thee will I give it
and to thy seed."
But of far greater moment was that which

followed. It was interesting not only to Jacob
and his children, but to us, and to all the human
race, for the Lord added: "Thy seed shall be
as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread
abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the
north, and to the south: and in thee and in
thy seed shall all the families of the earth be
Jacob was overcome with religious awe.
"This," said he, "is none other than the house
of God, and this is the gate of Heaven." And
he set up the stone on which he had rested that
night, poured oil upon it, and declared, that in
memory of that happy night in which he had
seen the Almighty and his angels, it should be
called the House of God."
We have not now to wait for the fulfilment
of the prophecy with which the sleeping Jacob
was cheered. The Jews, his children, have
been spread abroad, and the world has from
them derived the hope of a blissful immortality.
Pious gratitude, still resorting to that temple in
which the soul-inspiring revelation is made,
shall exclaim with the patriarch, This is none
other but the house of God, and this is the
gate of Heaven!"



1~A 11-~- LI. F--- i-'I si-- I;\ V IA

" Rachel came with her father's sheep: for she kept them.
And it came to pass when Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter
of Laban, his mother's brother, that Jacob went near and
rolled the stone from the well's mouth."-GENESIS, chap.
xxix., verses 9, 10.


IF for nothing else, the Bible would be ad-
mired by the lover of history and the antiquary,
on account of the striking pictures it gives of
ancient life. We learn from its venerated pages,
that in the earlier ages of the world, the hum-
blest cares of industry were not viewed as
degrading by Hebrew ladies. The servant of
Abraham found the future wife of Isaac fetching
water in a pitcher, and Jacob first sees the
beautiful Rachel, the daughter of the wealthy
Laban, engaged in tending her father's sheep.
And Jacob, it will be seen, did not turn away
shocked at seeing her thus engaged, instead of
being occupied with the cymbal and the harp.
He viewed her with admiration; kissed his fair
cousin, and having assisted her in giving water
to her flock, told her who he was, and fol-
lowed her to her home. There he was kindly
received, and his admiration of Rachel became

so great, that he offered to serve Laban for
seven years, provided he might become her
husband. The offer was accepted, and such, we
are told, was his love for the fair maiden, that
the years passed as days.
Severely was Jacob tried when the period of
his servitude expired, for then, as it would seem
for the first time, Laban, a cold and selfish
man, objected to Rachel, his younger daughter,
being married before her elder sister. That sis-
ter, Leah, therefore, though never the object or
his choice, became the wife of Jacob, but after
a short period, as in those times it was common
for a man to have more than one wife, he was
also united to Rachel, but on the condition that
he should work another seven years for Laban,
on her account.
It was by industry and perseverance that
Jacob eventually prevailed. By care and pa-
tience adverse fortune may be conquered, and,
as in the case of the patriarch, they are not in
the end disappointed who confide in the pro-
mises of God.


,' ''1 ",;"i'l. \ IM

,,i' 1 1{ A

- J'., -
( /
r~ / ,

" They drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold
S Joseph to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver."--
GENESIS, chap. xxxvii., verse 28.

JosEPH was loved by his father, Jacob, more
than any of his brethren, which caused him to
be viewed by them with envy. Their evil feel-
ings were increased by his recounting certain
dreams which he had had, and which appeared,
so they thought, to indicate that at a future day
he would be above them all. They at length
became very spiteful, and proposed among
themselves to kill him. One of his brothers,
named Reuben, less cruel than the rest, would
not consent to shed his blood, but persuaded
the other sons of Jacob to cast him into a pit,
from which he hoped he should be able after a
time, to rescue him, and take him home.
But some Midianites, who were merchants,
passed, and as it was common for them to
purchase men, in order to make them servants
or slaves, the brothers determined in that way to
dispose of Joseph. He was accordingly sold for
twenty pieces of silver, and carried off by the
merchants into the land of Egypt.
VOL. I. E 25

The conduct of his brethren, with the ex-
ception of that of Reuben, was the more sinful,
as he had only placed himself in their power
obeying the request of his father, by seeking
them; in the language of Scripture, "to see
whether it was well with them and with their
flocks." See," says Matthew Henry, "in
Joseph an instance of dutifulness to his father
and of kindness to his brethren; though he
knew they hated him, yet he did not for a mo-
ment reject his father's command."
All comment may be spared on the conduct
of the cruel brothers who first conspired to
kill, and proceeded to sell Joseph into slavery.
Had he been wicked, of which there is no proof,
still their treatment of him would have been
blamed by every generous mind. Let brothers
and sisters, while they read his story in the
Bible, note well what followed; let them mark
the wretched state in which his hard-hearted
relatives soon found themselves; and seriously
consider what bitter reflections must have been
theirs in the day of shame and sorrow, by which
they were overtaken.


10 S 'lPHS COAT.

IA : I'' ATA l' ,1

A,' _'A i .

'They took Joseph's coat and killed a kid of the goats, and
dipped the coat in the blood."-GENESIS, chap. xxxvii.
verse 31.


IF once we wander from duty, and think we
can stop in our career of sin, having only in
that single instance done wrong, we greatly de-
ceive ourselves.
When Joseph had been sold to the Midian-
ites, it soon occurred to the plotting brothers,
that they must account for the absence of the
betrayed one, and this led them to add to the
sin already committed, that of imposing upon
Jacob a deliberate falsehood.
Reuben, it ought to be mentioned, was no
party to the sale of Joseph, and when he missed
him from the pit he rent his clothes in grief,
exclaiming, the child is not; whither shall
I go?"
Reuben, however, seems with the rest to
have agreed to deceive their father; and a coat
which had been worn by Joseph, and which was
formed of materials of different colours, they

stained with the blood of a kid, and presented
it to Jacob, who thereupon concluded that Jo-
seph had been devoured or torn to pieces by
some wild beast. He rent his clothes, wore
sackcloth, and mourned for him as for one that
was dead; and he resolved to go mourning
down to the grave.
Thus, having first allowed envy and resent-
ment to fill their hearts, they next conspire to
commit a murder; and, when happily dissuaded
from this, they sell their brother to strange
men; then plan a false story to impose upon
Jacob. Their succeeding in this, casts upon
them the dire reproach of having rendered their
aged parent a heart-broken mourner.
It will be seen from their course in after-life,
how a watchful Providence humbles those who
are indifferent to the pain they cause others to
endure. In the words of the poet--
To each his sufferings all are men,
Condemned alike to groan;
The tender for another's pain.
Th' unfeeling for his own."



!-' MM N NI% M A .I% it' AI tEI
V-= ;" 1 t .[ \ i / \ I : < : / 1

"Their father spake unto them, and blessed them every one
according to his blessing he blessed them."-GENESIS,
chap. xlix., verse 28.

JACOB remained a long time in Egypt, but
growing old, his sight became dim; he felt that
the time of his death was near, and he called on
his sons to assemble round him in his parting
moments. Such a scene in the case of a dis-
tinguished individual is full of interest. We
naturally regard the last rays of a powerful
mind with that fond admiration which men feel
in contemplating on a summer's evening the
glories of the setting sun.
His children being assembled, the dying pa-
triarch, Jacob, addressed them. He praised of
some the dignity, the strength and the judg-
ment of others, but in the case of Simeon and
Levi he remarked, the instruments of cruelty
are in their habitations. He expressed a holy
horror of being associated with such men, and,
" O my soul," he exclaimed, come not thou
into their secret, be not thou united, for in
their anger they slew a man. Cursed be their

anger, for it was fierce, and wrath, for it was
But for the dutiful Joseph, he declared that
"the blessings of his father which had prevailed
unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills,
should be on his head, and on the crown of the
head of him that was separate from his bre-
thren." Thus, we are told in Scripture, Jacob,
when his death was at hand, spake unto his
children; "every one according to his blessing,
he blessed them."
When man perceives that awful moment
draws near in which he must return to the
dust from which he was taken, in most cases
he desires to testify good-will to those who re-
main behind. While forgiving all sins against
himself, a just parent will discriminate between
a dutiful and an undutiful child; a kind one
and a cruel one. Let it be the study of those
to whom the Giver of all good has granted
kind parents, so to conduct themselves, that
they may be entitled to receive that blessing,
which shall prevail unto the "utmost bound of
the everlasting hills," from a dying father.


I \ ( M

" Tle daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the
river, and her maidens walked along the river's side; rnd
when she saw the ark among the flags she sent her maid to
S fetch it, and when she had opened it she saw the child, and,
( behold, the babe wept."-EXODUs, chap. ii., verses 6, 7.


THE Israelites in Egypt were reduced to a
state of bondage, and Pharaoh, the cruel king
of that country, had ordered that every male
child born of Hebrew parents should be
thrown into a river. The mother of Moses
would not obey the mandate of the king. Her
fondness for her offspring prevailed over every
other thought, and she so managed as to con..
ceal him for three months, when, fearing dis-
covery, she procured a small ark, in which she
placed the child, which she concealed among
the flags by the side of a river. His sister was
directed to watch at some distance, to give
notice of approaching danger.
While she was waiting there, the daughter
of the king, we are told, came down to wash
herself." She discovered the infant Moses.
The poor child was crying, no doubt from
being parted from his mother. His sister then
oL. 1. F 33

approached, and asked if she might call a nurse
to tend the little one? The heart of the king's
daughter was touched with compassion. She
at once rightly judged the infant was one of
the Hebrew race, whom maternal love had
laboured to save from an untimely death. The
Sister acted her part well; the mother of Moses
Then came forward, and the royal lady gave her
wages to nurse her own child.
In the history of Moses we see a helpless
babe saved from death by the daughter of the
tyrant who had pronounced his doom. At
the moment when the Egyptian princess thus
acted, who could have foretold that the weeping
infant in the small ark would in time become
a potent chief-be the selected instrument to
enable the people of his nation to escape from
their hard hearted task-masters and, yet
more, be admitted to converse with God him-
self, that he might make known his commands
to all the nations of the earth !


e7,~C /A B




~I a~I


SThey took their journey from Succoth and encamped in
Ethem, in the edge of the wilderness."-EXODUS, chap. xiii.,
verse 20.


GOD was pleased to instruct the children of
Israel in the course which they should pur-
sue, and, especially, in the rites they should
observe, and he enabled them to find their way
across a wilderness which had never been trod-
den by the foot of man before. Through the
land of the Philistines would have been the
shortest way, but that he was pleased to order
them to avoid: "Lest, peradventure, the
people repent when they see war, and return
into the land of Egypt."
The narrative then proceeds: And the
Lord went before them by day in a pillar of
cloud to lead them the way, and by night in
a pillar of fire to give them light, to go by day
and night."
What a consoling assurance does it afford to
the true believer, that the Creator, ever atten-
tive to those who love and fear Him, and obey
his laws, watches constantly over their welfare
by day and night.

God's providence had enabled the chosen
people to leave that land into which they had
been driven by famine, and detained by tyranny.
In bringing them forth out of Egypt we see
their journey was lengthened, that it might be
less unsafe. They were not suffered to enter
the land of the Philistines, lest a near view of
the horrors of war should make them content
to endure the degradation of slavery.
They were then conducted to the border of
the wilderness of the Red Sea, and there the
Mighty One who does not suffer His people to
be tempted beyond their strength, graciously
came forward to dissipate their alarms. In a
pillar of a cloud he went before them in the day
time, that they might not be misled; and as a
pillar of fire in the night, he saved them from
being bewildered in the darkness.
Reading this history we see, that whatever
the nature of the evils which encompass men,
so we put our trust in the Supreme Being, we
may rely upon his being all-sufficient: that
the God who made us is competent to save.



I LA -Ii \ r I IA' I


N a


The ass saw the angel of the L(rd standing in the way, and
his sword was drawn."-NUMBERS, xxii., verse 23.

THE story of Balaam is very extraordinary.
When the Israelites in their march towards
the land they were to call their own, had
reached the neighbourhood of Jericho, Balak,
the king of the Moabites afraid the progress
of such a host in his neighbourhood would
produce a famine, sent for Balaam to curse
them, believing from the fame he had acquired,
that those he cursed would be cursed, and
that those he blessed would be blessed."
Balaam addressed himself to the Lord, tell-
ing what was desired. He was forbidden to
Sgo with those who had been sent for him, or
to curse the Israelites. He accordingly refused
to accompany the Moabitish princes, and they
returned to Balak with that answer.
Again the king sent to him, offering great
promotion and great honour, and again Balaam
}' was tempted, and hesitated; but tempted, per-
haps, by the prospect of riches he moved
towards Balak, and so doing offended God,

L-.I 67

who, on this occasion, confounded the intel-
lectual Balaam by the voice of the animal on
which he rode.
Balaam was mounted on an ass, and at-
tended by two servants, when the angel of
the Lord stood in a path in the vineyards.
The ass turned aside, Balaam strove to ad-
vance, but his foot was crushed against the
wall, and, at length, the creature fell. Then
having repeatedly smitten her, Balaam wished
for a sword to kill the poor brute, when, to
his utter amazement, the ass was suddenly
gifted with speech, and said, am I not thine
Sass, upon which thou hast ridden ever since I
was thine unto this day? Was I ever wont
to do so unto thee?"
To this Balaam replied, Nay;" and then,
his eyes being opened, he saw the angel of
the Lord," who now spoke to him.
Balaam fell on his face, and confessed that he
1 had sinned. Subsequently he acted a better
i part. He braved the anger of an affronted
monarch, and boldly repeated, If Balak
would give me his house full of silver and
gold, I cannot go beyond the commandment
of the Lord, to do either good or bad of mine
own mind; but what the Lord saith, that will
I speak."

B4 \ I) '1111, PIBINCES.


"And it came to pass at the end of two years that Pharaph
dreamed."-GENESIS, chap. xli., verse 1.


JOSEPH was carried by his purchasers into
Egypt, and sold to an officer in the court of
Pharaoh, the king of that country. There he
was accused of bad actions which he had never
committed ; but far from his father, having no
kind friend or relative to take his part, those
who wished to spite him were believed, and he
was cast into prison. Two of his prison com-
panions, who were the king's chief butler and
chief baker, had strange dreams. By Joseph
they were interpreted, who foretold that the
butler would be restored, and that the baker
would be hanged. His skill in such matters
caused him to be sent for to interpret the
dreams of the king. Pharaoh declared, that in
his sleep he seemed to stand on the margin of
a river, when seven kine, fat-fleshed, came
forth and fed in a meadow. After this he saw
seven other kine. The creatures which now
arrested his attention were lean and ill-favoured,

and these turned upon the well-favoured kine and
ate them up, yet their looks were not improved.
He next saw seven ears of corn growing full and
good, when, behold, seven ears withered and
blasted by the east wind sprung up near them,
and the thin ears destroyed the healthy ones.
Joseph explained the dream to foretell that
years of great abundance and of scarcity were
at hand, and gave such wise counsel that the
king appointed him to make provision against
the years of famine, in those of plenty which
were first to come. This Joseph did, and while
all the lands around were in want of food, there
was an abundance of corn in Egypt. Thither
Jacob sent for provisions; and finally went
there himself with all his sons, and were kindly
treated by Joseph. Jacob remained in Egypt
the remainder of his days.
Thus, He who can bring "good out of evil,"
was in this instance pleased to make the sinful
deed of his brothers the means of exalting their
intended victim.


.AO.\(')1o lII', N c1N Il ,s ('itii ImI ;\. ,

:. / : .

"The Lord delivered thee into my hand to day, but I would
not stretch forth mine hand against the Lord's anointed."--
1 SAMUEL, chap. xxvi., verse 23.

SAUL became the enemy of David, and sought
him with an army of three thousand chosen
men, intending to put him to death. Aware
( of his evil design, David called upon two of his
followers, named Abimelech, and Abishai, to
go with him in the stillness of night to the spot
where Saul had pitched his camp. They made
their way undiscovered by the guards, who sur-
rounded the king of Israel, and found Saul
sleeping with his spear stuck in the ground by
the side of his bolster. Perceiving him, thus
defenceless, Abishai wished to kill him, and
prayed David to let him smite the monarch
with his spear, as he lay, promising he would
strike him so effectually that a second blow
should be unnecessary.
David staid him, and forbade Abishai to
strike the Lord's anointed, declaring the Lord
would not hold him guiltless who did such a
deed, and his day would come to die, or he
would fall in battle. The spear of Saul he

took, and a cruse of water, which was also near
his bolster, and having retired to some distance
he called to Abner, the general of Saul's army,
showed him the spear and the cruse of water,
of which he had possessed himself, and bitterly
reproached him for not having been more watch-
ful at his post, telling him that for such neglect
of duty he deserved to die.
Saul awaking heard David's voice, and was
told what had come to pass. David complained
of those who had made the king his enemy,
prayed him to put his anger aside, and to let
one of his young men fetch the spear and the
cruse. Saul owned that he had sinned, and
promised that he would no more seek to do
David harm. "The Lord," said David, de-
livered thee into my hand, but I would not
stretch forth my hand against the Lord's
anointed." Saul then blessed David and pro-
phesied that he would "do great things." They
parted in peace.
Loyalty in the sight of God, and in the judg-
ment of all good men, is a solemn duty,-
For kings are put in trust for all mankind."
Even when they err, it is not for a subject to
raise his hand against the life of the Lord's

M.Z 4V CH. ( .Zr? .-I
COM HS I'O I P(') F F0IEIT: I SI F T R''I 's I I) WR j ,F
)l';l AND) MISR 'V I I; DE

" He stood by his burnt sacrifices, he, and all the princes of
Moab."-NUMBERS, xxiii., verse 6.

THE startling miracle which Balaam had wit-
nessed while journeying towards Balak, and the
reproving voice of the angel, had effectually
admonished him not to do anything at the bid-
ding of man, which was in opposition to the
command of God. He presented himself before
the king of Moab; he received his reproaches
for the delay which occurred, but frankly told
Balak that, "only that which God had put
into his mouth could he presume to speak."
Balaam then desired that seven altars should
be erected, and that oxen and rams should be
prepared for sacrifice, and he promises to re-
port whatever God should make known to him.
He could not gratify the king; Balak and the
princes of Moab, in vain returned and sought
by offering sacrifices to render the Most High
not unfavourable to their wishes. Balaam
dared not to curse the Jews, the people of whom
the king stood so much in dread. "How shall
I curse," said he, "whom God hath not cursed,

how defy whom God hath not defied?" "God,"
said he, is not a man that he should lie, and
behold I have received command to bless, and
he hath blessed and I cannot reverse it;" and
afterwards from his lips issued the memorable
prophecy, "There shall come a star out of
SJacob, and a sceptre shall rise out of Israel and
shall smite the corners of Moab." He saw, he
knew that they were under the protection of
S In all his intercourse with the Moabitish king
Swe find Balaam duly impressed with that con-
Sviction which ought to live in every heart, that
it is not for mortal tongue to resist the voice of
God. While it may be presumed the prophet
Wavered between the hope of great benefits,
and duty, his will was controlled, first by a
despised animal, then by an angel from Heaven,
thus making him feel that all things and beings
were likely to unite against one, who should
madly oppose himself to the Lord. Far from
seconding the wrathful movements of Balak,
She blessed those whom he was sent to curse;
he was heard rapturously to exclaim, how
goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, and thy taber-
nacles, 0 Israel "


TN J GMZ!'E u.AT 1 1


4Si a






o Oo
C iSI,
o 00

If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, between
plea and plea, then shalt thou arise and get up into the
place which the Lord thy God shall choose."-DEUTER-
ONOMY, xvii. verse 8.

IN the Bible we are taught that from time to
Time the God of Israel condescended not only
to give laws to his people, but to instruct them
in the way in which those laws ought to be ad-
ministered. This was not the least of his
Smercies to that favoured race; the young can-
not too soon understand this. No earthly
good is worth having, wealth, glory, and liberty
are all valueless, without order; which can only
be permanently secured by regulating law.
Therefore it was that God gave Moses direc-
tions to establish a Judgment Seat.
Before this offenders against the law were to
be brought, and diligent inquiry having been
made into the charge preferred, they were to
be punished by death, or by less dreadful visi-
tations according to the nature of their mis-
deeds. An idea has been sometimes stated by
weak people that no crime would justify putting
a violator of the law to death, and it has been

said that such a proceeding had no sanction
from Scripture. These well-meaning but igno-
rant people the youth of to-day will be able to
teach are in error, when they read to them this
text, at the mouth of two witnesses, or three
witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be
put to death." Than this nothing can be more
distinct; here we learn that God has that care
to preserve the good, that the evil who greatly
outrage or destroy them, may be punished even
to the death.
The Judgment Seat it will be seen was in-
tended to be awful. It was always to be ap-
proached with sacred reverence, but to the
wicked only was it to be terrible; it was not to
be an instrument of dreadful infliction without
an object, but in mercy to the good, justice was
to be there inflexibly administered.



1.Xl^L~ri \'ON O-)F R'RDK

~ .P
'?.,~ ~~~~~~~~ 'L'.' .l ,! i ]I l .

" When the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of
the wilderness there lay a small round thing as small as the
hoar-frost on the ground; and when the children of Israel
saw it they said, one to another, It is manna."-ExoDus,
chap. xvi., verses 14, 15.

THE Israelites, as they advanced through the
wilderness to which they had been conducted
by Moses, murmured against their leader, as
fretful children sometimes complain that all
their wishes cannot be met by their parents.
A cry arose against him, and his followers,
while they looked on the dreary waste which
they had reached, and reflected on the wea-
risome march which they had yet to perform,
and on the many privations which they must
still endure, lost all courage, and with it the
love of liberty expired. What benefit was it,"
they asked, to be brought out of the land of
bondage to be exposed to the pains of hun-
ger?" They exclaimed, "Would to God we
had died by the hand of the Lord in the land
of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh-pots,
and when we did eat bread to the full." To
this they added the bitter reproach, that Moses

had brought them into the wilderness to kill
them all.
In pity of their sufferings the Lord declared
to Moses, that he would rain bread from
Heaven; and, accordingly, they found one
morning, when the dew had vanished from the
earth, a small round thing upon the face of
the wilderness, which proved to be manna."
They were cautioned against leaving any of it
carelessly about. Exposed to the open air in a
warm climate through the night, it bred worms,
and was most offensive.
On the sixth day we find the people di-
rected to collect a double quantity. This was
so ordered, that the Sabbath of the Lord, that
blessed ordinance of mercy, in which all civil-
ized nations rejoice, might be kept holy.
Some of the chosen people, nevertheless, did
not fail to go in search of manna on the Sab-
bath. Their avarice, folly, and presumption
were fitly requited.
In our time full often it is seen, that those
who neglect the observance of that day, gra-
ciously conceded to us for rest and for solemn
reflection, find their labous yield no profit,
and their search of pleasure fruitful of pain.



All the elders of the city that are next unto the slain man
shall wash their hands over the heifer that is beheaded in
the valley: and say, our hands have not shed this blood."
DIEUTERONOMY, xxi., verses 6, 7.


THE statutes given to the children of Israel by
their great chief, Moses, were framed with a
view to their permanent government in many
cases, but in some with reference to their then
wandering state. When reading the Bible this
ought constantly to be borne in mind. Rules
framed for the government of fugitives escap-
ing from bondage, would hardly be applicable,
in every instance, to a settled civilised society.
To inspire horror for the crime of murder
was one of the first cares of Moses. Should a
man be found slain, because the evil could not
be repaired, it was not therefore to be passed
over as a trivial affair which demanded no con-
sideration, if the author of the crime were un-
known. In such a case, that the wrath of God
might not fall on the nation generally, for the
sin committed, the elders and judges were to
ascertain what city was nearest to the spot on
which the corpse had been found, a heifer was
VOL. I. L 73

to be sacrificed by striking off its head, and the
elders of the implicated city were to wash their
hands over the slaughtered animal, and so-
lemnly make the declaration: Our hands
have not shed this blood" (that of the mur-
dered man), neither have our eyes seen it.
Be merciful, O Lord, to thy people, whom
thou hast redeemed, and lay not innocent
blood unto thy people of Israel's charge."
How deep, how awful the guilt which in the
eye of God attaches to murder must be under-
stood and felt by every one, when it is seen
that among his chosen people, even in a case
where the assassin was unknown, and where it
was possible that some extenuating circum-
stances might have attended the act, a solemn
sacrifice and prayer were ordained; a declaration
of innocence was made-in which of course it
was presumed the homicide would fear to join-
in order to avert the wrath of God from the
land which had thus been stained with crime.



1 1 l'll''' :. '" ii-. ,.

Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb;
and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water
out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in
the iight of the elders of Israel."- ExoDus, chap. xvii.,
verse 6.


AMONG the evils which the Israelites had to
endure, was one of which the youngest reader
knows something; a want of drink. But the
thirst which children or men have to endure in
a civilised country, in all ordinary cases, though
painful, can give but a faint idea of the intoler-
able agony endured by persons who journey
in a hot climate, from a scarcity of water
through several successive days. No bodily
affliction, no torture which ingenious cruelty
has ever invented, can surpass the misery
known from raging thirst.
The Israelites had reached a place called
Rephidim, where they found no water. As
was too frequently their custom, they reproach-
fully called upon Moses to supply their wants.
"He chid their wanderings, but relieved their pain."
He, however, felt that he was not safe from
VOL. I. G 41

their ragc, and, solemnly appealing to God,
he prayed that he might be instructed what
to do for the sufferers, who, groaning with
anguish, were almost ready to stone him to
Then the Lord, determined that his power
should be seen, commanded Moses to take
with him the elders of Israel, and his rod, and
he added, Behold I will stand before thee
upon the rock in Horeb, and thou shalt smite
the rock, and there shall come water out of it
that the people may drink."
This was done, and in the sight of the
fainting multitude water burst from the rock.
Such startling miracles as the Bible relates,
do not in our time meet the mortal eye. We
have, however, the venerable record of them,
we have Moses and the prophets," and hap-
pily we have abundant proofs that the power
of the Almighty has not abated; and comfort
often as unexpectedly gladdens the hearts
of his people, as the water did the thirsty
Israelites issuing from the rock at Horeb.


',o 'S C -\Al(E; TO MOSES.

The Lord said to Moses, Charge the people, lest they break
through unto the Lord to gaze, and many of them perish."
-Exonus, chap. xix., verse 21.


WHEN the God of Israel was about to give
laws to the descendants of Jacob, Moses having
been permitted to hold converse with the
Eternal on Mount Sinai, was commanded to
prepare the people for this great occasion, and
he accordingly went down from the Mount to
sanctify them.
Mount Sinai was now involved in smoke,
which ascended as that of a furnace, and the
mountain itself quaked, for the Creator of all
things was there.
That curiosity and interest unknown before
were then excited, cannot create much sur-
prise; but the Lord saw that the Israelites
were likely, moved as they were at that mo-
ment, to lose sight of the reverend awe with
which the spot, glorified by his presence, must
be approached. To Moses, therefore, was
assigned the task of charging the people, "lest

they should attempt to break through unto the
Lord to gaze, and many of them perish."
Moses did as he was commanded. He went
down to the people and set bounds round the
mount, after which he and Aaron were to go
up and receive the tables of the law.
Not only the people, but also the Jewish
priests were warned that it behoved them to
sanctify themselves, lest divine wrath should
overtake them: lest the Lord break forth
upon them."
The caution to restrain the over-eager curi-
osity of the Israelites, was given in mercy.
Thoughtless men are too likely to approach
sacred places with sinful levity. In those mo-
ments when we approach, not Mount Sinai, but
the temple of religion erected near our own
abodes, all possible solemnity should be ob-
served. The opposite is frequently deplored
by the good, while they behold the church of
God polluted with worldly strivings :

And fools rush in where angels fear to tread."





"Moses, the servant of the Lord, died there in the land of
Moab, according to the word of the Lord."-DEUTERONOMY,
chap. xxxiv., verse 5.
HAVING gazed from the summit of Mount
Pisgah, on the fair lands over which, in the )
fullness of time, the kings of Israel were to
reign, Moses died in the land of Moab.
It is recorded that the Lord buried him in
a valley in the land of Moab, over against
Beth-peor; but no man knoweth of his se-
pulchre unto this day." At the time of his
death he was a hundred and twenty years old,
but his eye was not dim, nor his natural force
When their leader, protector, and friend was
no more, his loss was deeply felt by the
Hebrew nation. And the children of Israel
wept for Moses in the plains of Moab for thirty
The fall of that great man they might well
contemplate with sorrow. It must have oc-
curred to them how often, ungrateful as they
were, they had heaped foul reproach on him,
and even threatened his life for evils not of his

creation, but which his pious advocacy caused
to be removed, and sad indeed must they have
been who had to lament that their wickedness
had occasioned him sorrow, whose loss they
had now to deplore.
Let the young reader deeply reflect on this.
Has he a parent? That parent is to him a
Moses, to lead him from the swaddling clothes
of infancy to the freedom which he may claim
in mature years; from a state of helpless
weakness towards that situation of trust which
he is eventually to fill. If the kindly anxious
efforts to bring him forward meet with a
thankless return, in the fullness of time the
refractory youth (like the sinful Jews), when
the grave has closed over his friend, will with
poignant anguish mourn his loss with unavail-
ing tears. But then-
Can thy foolish fond endeavour
Call him back who's gone for ever ?"



" He gave unto Moses, when he had m.de an end of commun-
ing with him upon Mount Sinai, two tables of stone written
by the hand of God."--ExoDUs, chap. xxxi.,verse 18.

THE scene which the artist here brings before
us, is one of the most extraordinary witnessed
in the whole history of man. Moses was per-
mitted to confer with the Almighty, who had
seen the vain sacrifices made before images, and
heard the mad cry, "These be thy gods, O
Israel, which have brought thee up out of the
land of Egypt." The Omnipotent then called
on Moses to refrain from further intercession
on their behalf, that in his wrath he might
consume the sinners and make a great nation
of his faithful servant.
Bold as disinterested, Moses besought the
Lord his God, and said, Lord why doth thy
wrath wax hot against thy people, whom thou
hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt
with a great power and with a mighty hand 1"
He called on the Creator to abate his wrath, to
remember his servants Abraham, Isaac, and
Jacob, and his former gracious promise.
This noble daring found favour in the sight

of the Deity, he refrained from visiting the
sins of the wretched offenders with his awful
vengeance, and he gave to Moses the tables of
the law. They were the work of God, and the
writing was the writing of God graven upon the
Joshua, the friend of Moses, joined him on
his way to the camp. Songs of rejoicing were
raised by the Jews, while they danced round the
molten calf. At a distance from the scene
of degradation Joshua remarked to Moses,
" there was a noise of war in the camp;" Moses
answered, "it is not the voice of them that
shout for mastery, neither is it the voice of
them that cry for being overcome, but the noise
of them that sing do I hear." He saw the
Israelites bending before a vain image, and
pretending to ascribe to that contemptible ob-
ject the countless blessings they had known.
Moses paused not to censure; the tables, of
which he was the bearer, precious as they were,
he dashed down, in his wrath; the idol he threw
into the fire, and caused it to be reduced to
powder and the powder he forced the Israelites to
drink with their water.
Wanderers from reason and from God can
expect no comfort here, or in the world to

.,.A (J-). CIT

( He said, as captain of the Host of the Lord am I now come.
And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship."
-JOISUA, chap. v., verse 14.

JOsHUA, the son of Nun, succeeded Moses as
leader of the Israelites. He is stated to have
been full of the spirit of wisdom," but to all
the dignity of the former chief he never could
attain, as since his time there arose not in
Israel a prophet like unto Moses, whom the
Lord knew face to face."
But though not so highly favoured, Joshua
on more than one occasion was favoured with
direct communications from above. He was
bold in war, and having marched against Jeri-
cho, "he lifted up his eyes and looked, and
behold there stood a man over against him,
with his sword drawn in his hand." This
man as he seemed, was in truth an angel, and
Joshua, still supposing him to be mortal, hav-
ing demanded whether he was for the Israelites
or for their adversaries, the angel replied,
"Nay, but as captain of the host of the Lord
am I now come." Then Joshua no longer

supposed that it was a man like himself with
whom he held converse, and falling on his face
on the earth, he worshipped him and said,
What saith the Lord unto his servant ?
The celestial messenger directed Joshua to
loose his shoe from his foot, as the ground on
which he stood was holy. Joshua obeyed, and
he was then made acquainted with coming
events, and told of the impending fate of
Under difficult circumstances, less openly,
but perhaps not less efficiently, God's servants
have often in all ages been warned of what was
to take place, and prepared by divine intelli-
gence for the scenes in which it was their duty
to mingle, and in which they were destined to
act a conspicuous part. On great occasions
wise chieftains have not failed to commend to
their followers devout exercises, and these have
in many cases been followed by a memorable


a 0


AND ''A!N A!E iN.; DE"_FN('C ; OTN: ,

LN ff, k rk~f 1-\t


The people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets:
and it came to pass when the people heard the sound of the
trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that ,
the wall fell."-JosnUA, chap. vi., verse 20.

IT has been seen that Joshua had been fa-
voured with a revelation from on high. The
angel of the Lord had told him that he was to
Prove victorious, and that Jericho, the city to
which he was about to lay siege, would fall
Before him.
Thus encouraged, he boldly proceeded. He
rose early, and the ark of the Lord was carried \?
round the city on seven successive days, seven
priests blowing trumpets of rams' horns pre-
ceded it, and on the seventh day, when the
people shouted, having previously been com-
manded to refrain from doing so, the trumpets
again sounded, and again the people raised a
loud shout, and the next moment, as the angel
had foretold, "the wall fell down flat, so that
the people went up into the city, every man
straight before him, and they took the city."
A dreadful scene followed. The Israelites,
VOL. 1. M 81

we read, utterly destroyed all that was in the
city, both man and woman, young and old, and
ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the
The people of Jericho must have been a sin-
ful race. Not only were they subjected to this
severity, but a solemn curse was pronounced
against any one who should rebuild the city,
and it was declared that he should "lay the
foundation thereof in his first-born, and in his
youngest son shall he set up the gates of it."
No exact records have been handed down to
us of the crimes of the wretched sinners who
were doomed thus miserably to perish. Enough,
however, is preserved to convey to us an awful
picture of the vengeance which must fall upon
those who rebel against the Eternal, and who
are found among the enemies of his people.

~,~ N ~h--C~N-~-'-'


IFf F. V O I'I 1 1"CIIo,
'11 F,~ IF I T T7 F -F T

s NsI~~

t) Joshua said, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon, and thou
S moon in the valley of Ajalon."-JosHUA, chap. x., verse 12.

THE carnage must have been dreadful when the
vengeance of God pursued the flying Amorites.
It is to be kept in view that he had given a pro-
m ise to Joshua that not a nan of them should
Stand before him, and this encouraged the
Hebrew leader to make the bold appeal that
She hazarded, when he prayed that the sun
Sand moon might be arrested in their course.
Having preferred this petition, he then, in the
C sight of Israel, ordered the great luminaries of
Heaven to stand still over spots which he
named, "and the sun stood still, and the moon
stayed until the people had avenged themselves
upon their enemies."
This was the object of Joshua, and it was
the will of the God of Israel that a memorable
example should be made. Never, we are told
in Scripture, was there a day like that before it
or since. The Lord fought for Israel, and
when he condescends to interfere on behalf of

those who worship him, he is not restrained
to observe the conditions which man cannot
escape; he is not confined to use only such
weapons as may be found in a mortal armoury.
Events like these command our wonder, yet
why should they? The sun and moon are
great and sublime objects, and vast and stu-
pendous indeed must be the power which could
compel them to halt in their course. But is it
to be supposed that the power of Him who
made them and prescribed their laws, is other
than vast! They indeed,
Their great original proclaim!"
but they are in His mighty hand, less than the
toys of a child in the grasp of a man.
The faith which Joshua had in the promise
Sof the Deity, that not a man of the Midianites
should stand before him, prompted that peti-
) tion which completed their ruin.


'^ 8

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