• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Main






Group Title: Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately.
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PDF VIEWER THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020235/00118
 Material Information
Title: The Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: K.L. Wilson
Place of Publication: Falls Church Va
 Subjects
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 94/95 called also no. 94/95.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00020235
Volume ID: VID00118
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05843071
lccn - sn 80008626
issn - 0035-8363

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:

RossikaNumber43 ( PDF )


Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Main
        Page 379
        Page 380
        Page 381
        Page 382
        Page 383
        Page 384
        Page 385
        Page 386
        Page 387
        Page 388
        Page 389
        Page 390
        Page 391
        Page 392
        Page 393
        Page 394
        Page 395
        Page 396
        Page 397
        Page 398
        Page 399
        Page 400
        Page 401
        Page 402
        Page 403
        Page 404
        Page 405
        Page 406
        Page 407
        Page 408
        Page 409
        Page 410
        Page 411
        Page 412
        Page 413
        Page 414
        Page 415
        Page 416
        Page 417
        Page 418
        Page 419
        Page 420
        Page 421
        Page 422
        Page 423
        Page 424
        Page 425
        Page 426
        Page 427
        Page 428
        Page 429
        Page 430
        Page 431
        Page 432
Full Text






























































' ~ 'L~ -


"-~r)
-I


Bi-monthly publication of SOCIETY of RUSSIAN
PHILATELISTS *ROSSICAi founded in 1929
in BELGRADE Issued by Asia Branch
of Rossica. Shanghai. China


OpraH1b 06lAeCT3a Pycc.(myb WMImaTenHCTO81.

1PoCCHKab, OC-onaHwaro E. M Apx.H-

renbcqmml6 n-L 1929 roxiy Sb 5B1nrPaOt


C Q At a-



I r* w


I


I -







Founder and President of ROSSICA: E. M. ARKHANGUELSKY.

LIST of REPRESENTATIVES of ROSSICA:


Belgium: A. M. Rosselevitch:
Bohmen: G. V. Schenk:
Bulgarie: B. B. Boriaeff:
England: T. B. Lavroff:
Germany: K. K. Schmidt:
Greece: G. M. Verchkovsky:
Morava: G. V. Schenk:
Suisse: B. S. Ivanoff:
S. I. Mangeley:


Uccle, Bruxelles, 31 Av. Vanderaye.
Praha, Vrsovice, Samova, 929/III p.
Sofia 5, Ul. Gorini 3.
London, S. W. 20. 7 Pepys Road.
Berlin, Zehlendort, Feldfichten 2.
Piree (Tabouria), 96 rue Agiou Dimitriou.
Please see above.
Lausanne, 10 Av. Acacias.


In AMERICA:


U.S.A.: *S. V. Prigara: New York City, 557 West, 148 Street,
Apartment 53.
(Deputy Chairman and General Representative for America).


In ASIA: China: **A. I. Masloff: Shanghai: 1202/47 Av. Joffre.
(General Representative for Asia and Australia).
,, ***C. N. Outin: Shanghai: 118/8 Route des Soeurs,
Tracey Flat 8/4.
(Representative for Shanghai and Editor of Rossica Magazine in Shanghai).
,, A. Shulitsky. (Acting), Tsingtao, 24-a Lai-Yang Road.
Manchutikuo: Dr. N. N. Buchaloff; Harbin, Batalionnaya, 7.
,, V. T -ailrnr er (Acting, for Manchouli & Hailar).
Manchouli, 3-rd Street, 25.
In SOUTH AMERICA: Brasil: P. V. Beloff: SanPaulo, Rua Pedroso 36, Caixa post 2960.


CnHcoKb nreACTaBaTeiea 06i uecTBa .,POCCHKA"
ocHosaHHaro 8 Anptait 1929 r.
OcHoBaTejlb H npeactgaTelb EareHiNi Mlxaiinosw8i APXAHFEJ1bCHIl
3aMbcTHTeJIb npeac-taaTean, noqeTHbfi MIJeh'b H faaFnUfi npeltcTaBHTeJl Ha
AMEPHKY, Ceprtfi BacHabeBHq'b riprapa.*
Bb EBPOFIb: repMaHni. ioqeTHbAi 1naeib Kapji' KapaoBHian, UMMHTb.
? IoqeTHnbfi MaeH-b Ceprtil HBaHOBHtu'b MaHnenefl.
Beabril. A. M. PocceaeeBH'b.
BoreMis n MopaBis. r. B. lUeHKb.
AHraii. Q. B. JIaBpoBb.
Boarapin. B. B. Bopnewb.
Fpeuis. F. M. BepmKOBCKifi.
UIIJefiapin. B. C. HBaHOB1,.
B'b A3IM: rFaaBHbii npeacTaBHTejb Ha Asiio H ABcTpaaimo A, H. MacaoB'b.**
KHTafi. mIaHxafi. K. H. YTUH-b.***
,, Wltaaao, A. r. UIly TrcKfi (H. z. FlpeacTaBsrTeji).
MaHbrUiyAHKo: Xap6HH'b. aJp. H. H. Byxanosb.
,, MaHbticypii. B. TBeabKMeiep', (H. x. lpeacTaBH-
Tean na r. r. MaHbq4ypiH H XaJfiap').
B'i IOKHOl11 AMEPHK-B: Bpa3naia. H. B. B'SaoB b.
Aapeca npeacTaBHTeaefi yKasaHbi Babie.

Acting Chairman ad interim.
** Acting Vice Chairman ad interim.
Temporarily correct address is unknown,
*** Acting Gen. Representative for Asia.


In EUROPE:


















OPFAH'b PYCCRKAO OBELECTBA (PMIATE/ICTOBb Bb Bs6tiPAA-t

ro]in- pyKOBOACTBOMbI E. M. APXAHrE.llbCKAf'CO.


Cuai &(7w


Ng 43
nrfTbAl TOM-b.


IIOHb 1941 roAa.


noTra Ha AJnaCKb MfbCTHble AeHeKHble SHaKH.
(MciopHjecKHi oq4epK).


A .1.I,':, 1il.i d ia lbl ,iI 1.; I1,.T- .I 17 11 r, i. 1
p[ U 'KV ll ,]M M"l:i; :,iM. hI I ilf..IFii.'M .\.I-i 1.-iM i'l1lil-
I L. .1[MI l ..l 11I.I lllli i $1 r I l l\ illlJI li;., ~ il '.l" l.illh[liii-
Of H b b,11, '111 Tl fl-., !, Llivi 'll'Hi Hii .. i 4ib T ', 11 11,1


, i\ r i K .llM, i. f 1i I I! .. ill.Ill 11.'!,i I'r il I:l. hli; ui.i-
S I.lh.H iit;.i '- i'110 I illill.
:h10 li i *_'I 1 i l l ,,1.. ri_ i;[>'.'M .[ ll.l.l i iI
HIl. 1W1 I.|,,lii, .,.IX "I I.. il ,'l l 11 "f'1 .l l: .i"
:,i, l i 'i l lll iai Il.j '.l...i |1.1 |.1 l .| i|iil I, ii f i, -
"h1lll.I 1 ; II ',[i:t .IM, .l i :1, lli H.I. 1 .li.lli; Il 'll liHil
"11Bi111yTL.i :1 HI ],i. llji.l i,. i 1'. I ll i ,|it 11 ,l
" 'iI. ,II iie.i i lf i ill 'l I ll ,lii ,ilii l. li t ,.i. ,, 'iI '[ .,, \
i ]ql, i; I ;hii \., ,1 i 'l,.!i A"': "- ] r \.19- Ui l H k-1f.
S %.1 a1 % ,-i 11i lI 11 ;ll I IlHI']rl :', :L] I 1", "-f"F. 11 i. 'I 11
"n .r' \i\r, *s.'m l ,. l i r.1 ,, | i i, i, ;iii;iuil.1l I q ll-
T .t Tiri. II ]itl| 1im1. ,-i ipbiiL ili .A .1,J. l;\ 1i 1 .1.1. 1 I'l
.Tr oii.'r, MI'li.Ta. frit, m \,.iil i n I, i fi CE t'i" '. ,


\ I1 ; In lirf, i-lli,' R 11'i.1 ,, ly li,.l .'.th ,iJ dill-lrb


. 1' P .1 ,1 i l .
I' r -i t 1 1,IIHil, Tl >.i TII llt l' ,.,[i,~ll tl ila .\.I fl-
I. Ti H. l'j H ,ll .I.i-" 'l. [ll,, .I i l ,iiM i. 1 IM il t ll lil-
11.i111,1i il, ''i.1. ii ,,Ir ll i ll. li" t.u l li 17 .;.1 r l',, -
i. il ,:- \M: jili.iU i, iu;ii ; lt. n 'i li'I'.illdlJili:' I B,.,-
Fil ili. li i]i i.Ji 'l, 'i .li 'i i i;J i .d ) ;. I10.I 1 1i '-
.;*r "fr,1 1. I:, i"|]>,, l'\, I i 1; 1 I i. I T Ri.'.IiT.r i 1 .111
c 1r|'ll 1, .A .i,J i; l, 1 I l lp Vlip.l.i i nl ilii 1M li,-.l
i ii r i H 'i ll ii |. i;m i.Il I -.ult i' i I l F'' 'MlK NiI hi -

J,'.1 'i ii .. '.' Il. l"JI a ii l, i i,[lA. i l.i' I IB JXdhi N -
'1 1 l,_ I i L1 l '1 i l ililii. .i-nilil I p it 'Hil K,.,'T i(,i
11 i\ lii.,11 h i I IilP i .i. \ pr (,.
I[,, lii.l,, *i ,[',.i, l il]s i '-p :n ||R. ,t li' a llin
,, i. i. I I IIp \ q i' il l:l lll ltii I I '1 ,HiIXM I]I, :l. 'tll. ra
" ;.IdITr'.I; .. '..pljHii.juhi 11101.1, nili- ilni nM il. Mie-


12-A roAb
iiS~Aw vs.








RO S S I C A


jiIala t:Pl d Lrt 111 a idf1 i[ FuiiduBI PU 111,"iJ
186e7 r. ia m I'posana C. I ;aTaIif A epHIip aa
7.200.000 1. A.Ih .p (I. H cMHoTpsH nah TO, wRo Poe-
ci~cr~w-MepimiHc~cf aa Koxrnaini BcIPsecHtH cma-
paaracb O1TOBOPEHTb PyJ~c coe lipt il ri'.i '.liCTBQO OT
wroa" qXIjkLUT, yKE3LIBa H Ha orpoX~HbIH~ 6oraTctna~
IoDtOCTp2Ba. C rTO i TI:- iz Orn 1 B1'261Ik B
C. fleTepypr Bjci r.mIaai apbirni. HloMnaaii,
Hfi~a te HfOj~aHiB OTOIJ 1f1".lu ;k ii;Iii jbuLa na-
187 6bria. upeoopIa C. IRal~am AmepHl( 6lIS Bai



7I.2a0.a ThX000 PBH aaMOaTPibHa. To, T O i o-
.ifi. eAHHcTBpHHma i CTOPil A1iRC i Ii"jl? nara-
HieM P ai-M-jl:ili:i K~MICnaaillia

aomnicb HO pyicaB HH 6PCin Tajwh paaPOHHe'bIO
roy 4arTpHoec DT hT pec~aJH UUI' TRBIFIIb'. B
C. 'Hereplypr Bcf, riiaBIbie apx.m Romiain







(3Q7 (~i'i

Ha ocnoJa.J Hi'H K"I XD I'LhMAITfl
0 cyjHeCTBoeaHhlI Ha AumcKH llpaBHsbHo
Hi IeM H HJ '.1 Fl[1 i J2 'l.:i:1i Jir H l l ToTii H ar~lb
Ae 1Ho:HnaeTcM; q'xIwuIn'. WFO BC'N PaCIOpHHae-
Hill HH C. lle'rep~iypra lUua Llu'lfl. ;I.Tuujr:1ul AO-
CTaBJHJ1na ECH) h~l'l~'jq'f I~ti'~~IIPI. a TaItare raae-
ml a KP1lalbI Ho PaocHCiaM B Ta. 1paBu,)CMEO HAH
B BuHTOPiDo paa B ixaaiue 3 'i~irr.' o'ruyjla
TawObIae RTClTaBHTIeCfb Ha 0. Curlx, B HTOBO-
Ajxnr'-'.ii' i11~. peaw1HeHiKii llpaBwr~e~i PSCCKHIX
TlT cgiH, IpH I~aBIIx H3 C. IIpaI-
nxEca~o c rpygana~ H~lH-sRe Ha (~ ~tx KIounaaiM,
nocbLxlaearblx B BuarOPiio. llowro~y ?4OHHO flpCA-
n,.i0ar m. ITBO Ha AAHcIdIa cyIIftBO aspa ToHIbHO
He yriot neTJ, OBt aioae





Hf iH3 'Ct. II II6lIRI I fl ra H I'P-11 H I I ,ll :r1I Ai-I







I :iHbil.a F l'lr;Vi',il. 1 1 : H~ f~iFi'ra~~iinrT~~n i[.ZIJ.r 1
Tbi .it. 21pij 11R3 flPOG~iff BiV.l .Ipaie l '~11J mm
TaRiie lrAi;InrTJ~i im Hma co. CHxy B.''l~i KHrT'-

N-1.1-t FFTl 1'lt bIaX 11H6 ,t1 i~ H3 C1.1l II11aH-

I~rll irF. iF B l MO 'F11,1l. JFrT Ii~r~ i~lr Pli'H H


F" ~ t 1. F t H ; F p V 11'X I IF FIT I ) B A .lt 1 l~ B U ; r
I~ I 'PIfH .-I .1 H 't-. HI1T1 T.d''1I l oop W-01 lHH in '


III1t'H 1 li m .Tdt.I bnibiI Y111i ,1 B Bill V~ Abp .Tn'n', 3-11 T':-
Flr'6.11,1-'.1i II fli'7il].'Hii.F ip'B.I2P.-T H MJId-


'hirli 018 u .'ilrh'TI.r 1H;'llri. ''IH' Mt 1111MtT i1JWlbma
IN 111h ji LIMIFr 11TCH Hiti'IT'F0'FI' A bii Nl. H ,t, mmii
B:ia T- A. B 1I''J6;.i.i IN r.i'1tVhia I Id.ib 'rma. Ni'-
,i[.r 6ilfjl 1rF JT r F. hil' l- i' ii~ F''' ,i IIPIIH-IIit lI 'il
fpli~i:icl.r;)t'l, p% 1.t! I i La11iqlham. EMy flfil' liIT-
cH upoRTFI ILyTb lpHMtpHo, 2.600 zHaIIomeTpoB.
CaMoe 6oabIHOe ilpeTtrreTBie ifl-'], T.iH.1:iirr 6h1-
CTPMJ HHKorja He 3a-mepsaiollLU ptmH. 11cm-
TafbOH Ao.HeHi n'-'pejR ." bitllib CBOH BeIAH xa
,imrrrii 6eper H oaTaM BPO1A Him BRima-Bb nepe-
lpamiaH'rbci Ha Ty CTOpOHm. 3aTO no IIpHbLTiH
Ha mticT o HaTi~aqeHif OH inoayqaeT Hri`lplJiIm-
.,I., 0WI"V. T. I&. 3a IKaziEioe IIHCbMO yHnaaHBaeT-
eyt i oKjio 20 ppC.i'ii H B 1903 rojy I'rqT.l.lIb'mH
co~epmiumBRI Taioe HyTeMeeTnie ABa Iaaa, Bapa-
60Ta.7i CIIbme 4.000 pll1n

AEHEHH bIE SHAKI4 PYCCKO-AMEPVIHAH-
CHOVI ROMF1AHII.
o"" ~~^~'"" """~~^""^~~- 'I^po-



3a


I'; I H H hi IE i b r Ii Po e i(c6o-AmepHm]aH-
ciOft IKomidaHiH BbIAt.'bIBaJIHcb u3 rtCmraro
"JIaTanaxa" (KlOwia Boo61ge aacTJHorrX ZU.BOT-
HIIX) B V. lleTepi6ypl'i, Tqt Ii'rNil,,Hio. llpHgaH
"JIaBTarty" H13BTHbIf IiPBtT H air)I,, a TaEIKC
IIOCTaBHB CBOA mTemIe.b, TasldllH Jt'HIonimll
dHaQUaaia cBoH Hijlliil H AeH1A'H uTH HaliaBa-
M111cb RioHHTaia.HimmH xIapxamrH; jPyrHX :eHeHm-
HbIX 3HaKOB IomilaHiI He HxIt.'a. W3TR ;ekeue-
HblC 3BHaKu Hm tJIH 1#, -101 % TiP)INM, r'll,.II-IH N1
yMCHbinafoHffaroacH B BO.JIH'Htf3 coo6paao CTO-
HMOCTH; flr '.tT R I ill qe I TiCTepTaIFa H TpHBeHHH-
IKH 6bIli TOi-e KOIUaHHmIe H BC,' b teirraro ipt-


311 i ll I pt' n H111U.1 11 JI~XHII NII I 'V.I MINI. V l 71.iT-
I'.4,j'JrT:iKlR' P.t 4 ~~bFm .1 .1JF1I 1fit.11114'. 8

rriiiiii-FirnI
ipi R-H 111 '[.111 'IhIjiHmF.inivl' RF N 311 pHT-

H''!!x -r'314 I i lf 'itl.IM, r.I[ i-r.'in vtx 6 woa~i
Ti'!'' ii I "pm-'plHnI.FI'' .~Ir.1.iip!l. PLI'T'iiURii- I'''iT.


H'n~i' w r I P''mii Ill iB II %3H3 r.i


TiNIIM .11)[12.110 1 PY'*11b Ri F''' '-1il U'i.TF .1H.'I
.3 p. .5f) R01 U0.11,'HIl.-IbHhIX. c. flpirapa.








ROS SICA


TenerpatHble WTeMnefbHble 6naHKH C. neTep6yprcKaro ropOA-

CKoro 06uecTBeHHaro Tenerpaea H TenarpatHaas MapKa.

(1866 1868 r. r.).


06iuapHbiiR paroji C. leTep6ypra. c er
up itMILi [r LIiI H bo0bfluOe CTOJIHLIHOe BaceleHie
BbI3Baan1 Heo6xolHmocTh ycTpofictnra jr. .
HIbx ropofcKHx I .tio 'iii, B BHaX HpreAOCTaBde-
HIM iiff .II". r 6Oxlle 63IraaaKX HYHETOB AjH nopa-
'ii Aenei ii yciopeuif TuIn 111 1"- '- 1it h X Teie-
rpaHoli ]i qj'r IIt itiii'-liii.
B I.-'ibJ I I6,, 1 1'024 CYUeCTBoBanHmef
?IjaBaolR I CM.-~i.r.Hlii CmaHnAii, 6anio OTIpbtTO
.B paanHbix MtCTHX CTOJIITgh 15 rOPOICRHX GTaH-
Aif, ni cUNo ROTOPaIX, nO A~pth 1A 0i, ~h-r'' rI. e5e-
r iii. yBeaIYHKBa;OICb.
IlpieM a nepeja'la geiiiem Ba BTHX cTaH-
HiiNx 11pOH3BOAHJ1HCb Ha OCHoBaHiR TeilerpalHbIx
HocTOHOBJreHiff; Aeneinit fPHHHMIJ[HCb Ha pyc-
CEOM,, 1ij''iu. ii ~ a -K-0H meqguoir AI3biBax. Ta-
BP B Ill. I_ [jCKOrO TeterpaIa 16bi cxL-
,tifiiji. 40 Ron, ,ia Aenelly B 20 CAOB, 60 Ron.
JiO 30 CIOB N 1'. q., lpH~aBJ3H1 3a K3IIzJIJl
HOCI111yIOni1q 10 CaOB no ROnI.
,1.i~ I I IYoIJdHRH a Nu 16oe ipa]31Lrb-
Haro ROHTpOJII, fl)H3HaHO 6blJo no1Jea3H1i ,JO-
IIYCTETb OJIHTY AeleIII i 1 i-.'; 1 eIneIiaab-
HniX mTCIHIIemIhebHLx 6JHROB H CulcniaJIbHbIX ma-
POK K Mt1j2sy 3TY BBeCTH BpeOMHHO, Ila TITO 110-
catpBaJuo Bbicoqaftimee palaptiumenie B 1866
roqy.
141 BbilYCH.
II .hrlp ijici.J.. g6aHrIII 4111oJO B 40 Icon.
AjIH oHjaTbI Aenemn B 20 CJOB H -T" WIFrl1ll'II[. I
Ma3PKH B 20 Ron. 4a Iq OIIOIHHTeiHHOfl aiIiaTbl
CBbIme 20 CIIOB 6Wail BBse7eHh1 22 Man 18-66 r.
IIH M'JI '.l."Ji- Iiliii *BHj:
Teuerpa@HbIA 6JIaHH -o *'.miL 4)ojpIa-
Ta 143X175 Mm., COCTOSIMif H13 FH.IbOIIIHPOBaH-
HOR pHmKH, po03o1aro Hs'1Ta, B 72 mm. mupn-
Hbl C HaqHHCbIO B HeA 6jiimMH 6biyuaall "C. He-
Tep~yprcrii r ii.. 6 h'Ml O6IIeCTBeHHmi1 Teae-
rpajV" H o6oanaqeHienM CTOHMOCTH. B iritlp~ii'i16
.IHacTH 6iaauiza 'epHbjA rep6 ropola C. lIeTep-
6ypra, Bpemi y'repiejeHiM 6hlaHKon H Hapi1Wch
"Tenerpamma", AaJae MiUTO Ajai agpeca I Ter-
CTa Tenerpanmmbi H B ROUHtu "cnyxe~l6Hmj OTMtT-
RiH". Ha o6opoTt 56JIaHHH. iHiomtelfH Bpe~eH-
HbIM npaaB~ia o Hpiemt H nepe~awL jeenem. By-
mara C BOLHHb1M 3HMROAM -- im.r D 1.lT.fHi.1i0
ief-i' HaAnHC1HcH. IiHa 6jlarca i~i. Hinol
nep~aJa.
TeierpaciHan mapHa r 2() i.'u.. I;7cric-


h~ix, Tat; ii n.j rip-i Ti]1 Msr. III:, ERld


paTHYIO djopm'y, paumtpom 27X27 Mm. OpHmH-
Ii i.I J11 lii I: 1. ii I 1epHbhI P)HCYHOR. 1r
C. HtlTep6ypra Ha CBtTj1o-0opH'lae-
+,.01 I, COCTORItgeM H3 rOpH30HTHbbHIIX lIH-
iiI, 6yMara rJaiRal 6tIaan 60C BO~gHbNX 31a-
ROB; 3yogoBia 12.
flLTemlleJrbHbIe 6jaHKH 1H M'HIHH HmrOTOB-
-.IIIIHCb B 3KCllCAHgih 3arOTOBdeHiiI P upIfl--T-
BeHRIix Bymiar H npoaBaaj1HCb -u HajH'HfIHq
AeHbrH Ha BeoJx cTaHqiVYX ropojcKoro 06ine-
CTBeHHaro Teaerpadra r. G-. IIFI.4'[ J.
2-A BbilnYCH.
3 je~aopA 1867 r. i1ocJrldoBaio Buico-
I1 jihill I OBeJItHie 0 BOHM1IH1H IlI ThI 3a He-
pe~atay Aeiiem no C. H'fit ifi,,y fopoA-
cRomy OiHteCTBeHHuom yI .1' i i TOri~a CTO-
HMOCfb -i rp.I-.wEix 6iaRKOB 11 Mapoll b6ia,
yMOHbIHOHa HaOJIOBHHY. UIoaTo ny mnelmTelb-
HbIHt 6JaHR ipeabijyigaro P-ro EulnycCa, AO
uarrOToBjeHiHi HOBblX 6dHiHKOB, BjbLmeJ C qep-
HOR Fi. i I II i.10 11OHH)1CCHHOi CTOHMOCTH, a
aMeHHG: 20 ROBl. Ha 40 ROIn. Taicnce H muapR
-ro BmHnycrH 6hala cHaowlceia Rpa3cHOV HaaIeqaT-
ROr l iHi3oeHHOR OTOIIMOCTE: 10 KOH. Ha, 20 Ron.
341 BbilYmK.
B 1868 r. BaTIHIJH HoIhie iuTemneabnrie
6aaHHcn H mHapH TtX-te CAMLIX PHCyHROB, RaIL
H Ha 1-m oio-, 1:H.. Ue3 HalnettaTRH, Ho c 0003-
HaqeHile HOBOR CTOIMOCTH: 20 ROnl. Ha 6jiaHK'
H 10 11011. 113 .apit.
Tejierpa~rnie mHTemlielbabie 3jiaHBRH H Map-
xil ftaiii B YXHOTpeiOaeCEH OROJO jBYX AT H
3aftm 03111 l U NjU,_Lt.i HeySO6HbM1H, Bc'liijcTBie
BaTpygjeHiN HX ROHTpOJI, T. R. Ha BcX rOpO~-
CRHE OTaHIiIIx C'WeCTBOBaiiH Hpiem H i1'--l' liii
jeiiem He TOIbRO TOPOACRHX, HO H HHO OPOpA1HX
R1 3arpaH'iHbIx, a Taxiie H no lpyr lm npRlH-
Ham; 105TOMY B HOHIAI3 1868 r. 0TH 6iaawaH H
mIapRiH 0ILH 6 IlTbi HH3 "J' lHl' liii .l H11eM
IwITeMne.IhHIe 6aaHKH 6bl.IH .;.i:)i.LHirHil Oib&IHO-
BeaHanril HCXQA.HMH~HM TeJaerpa(iHII)MH 6jiaHHHM11.
HOBOJbtJ bl.
B J,-1 --I, I. 1881 r. C Tederpa4iHbIx 6jiaH-
ROB H MapOR 1-ro -BHInIyca 6b12I4 BOCnPOHBBe-
IeHbl HOBOs1jJIb, IROT{)PbIe OTJIH'rHlHCb CJ1$LJY10-
HgHm 6iiBfixHii -- 3IHJIOnaf-poaoqBaro i1tTaH H
Ha ii.,i, -ii 6yart 6e3 BOJHHNIX 3BaHOB, a map-

*F.l IIH:I, MIHM KlIT1.1I1:IT11 ll








RO S S I C A


1-





































".-am ".2,
T":ECPAMlMA A---
(.





...:- r .. ,r ,.J.,..,,























"-f ., -. o. 1 K -

Tr.jnpaign j Trppgarvem


.1 1 I ,'








R OSSICA


noAAb lbHM4.
Karaaor C. (D. A., 1'.'. r., ynIOMIIuaeT
o c)aa.hbeH)HKaTl T MapKRH 1-ro BumyeKa, BOcupo-
1IsBeetleHOM n H3 noBsolaia H CHa6OienHHOM I .l.i -
uMIBO1 ;',.1,1ii no paaM'ipy noIxo;flteIl 1R
opHarlHnabHnoti ayOuonBKI, KOTOpbifi OIJia OOHa-
;, i.,i B Iilii,,.li, 1,; B 1926 (?) ro y.


I --.wil I.ll. I rITPMIenIjHbl0 Oi6HKH B 11a-
CTOc eeHLe BpeCMff B.JffTiO'ra C .11I i ilw p t;IKOCThIo,
T. K. 1i IHIBH Ha HHX B K1Tara'ortB 'C. 1. A. ;aaxe


He yKaaBaHb; nOBHAIDIOMy H pHcynO0K 3THX OaH-
IOB la3Tic'iTell 0oeHL He -imorF:d; na03TOMy OH 1
BO('cnpOHBO3,nTeC MHOI1O c opHrHHaja.
Tanace iBe.mi'aniiuime p;iyoc'rT,'K amBumarrBIf
Te.erpa()nuB, MapiK, i~tiI Hna KOTOpbiH B ;rTa-
aort C. 4. A. cajtIyiojUi: 1-ro BblNycKa --
1.500 py6., 2-ro : 1,1-, i;., -- 50 py6. iH wi ,l..i
- 15 pvr 3TH mapKH KaTaaor]J)OHaHbi y IlBe-
pa It 1i.; r.: 1-fl iinycK 30.000 F*I' l 1ii1,.
n 2-fi Bbhllvc --- 1.500 lI..ii ;,. a y .h1ii.'-., i
B 1:l.12 r.: 1-i4 BbniycI ..IItI M apOK, 2-ii
BiIInyCK -- 250 mapoi t HOIBOB,;lla -- 40 mapoI.
Y CKO'rra a' wMap)iKH He KaTaiorHipoBaaH
oBoce, 6Oiaro,;apas weIcy o;HOMy 113 lHaIIIX qaeHOB
yvja.ai0b o0eHb e111iOPB KyTrHTi TaKyIo MapKy B
r. BOCTOH'Ic (C. III. A.) y ToprosBa, uKTOphtl,
He BHRa o cyIIeTeBOBaHiIn DTOti MapKH, npHaH.i,
non0BH3,1M1OMy TaKolylo 3a BTHIKeTRy P Ha3Ha'IIJ
sa Hee qliHy 10 NeHTOB.
C. npmrapa.


nOAAtIKH pyCCKHX MapOK H COMHmTesIbHble BbInYCKH
AO-cOBtTCKaro nepioAa.
(1857 1917 r. r.).


0 nonuijol ax mapoK BooGu6e roBOpaTca B
o6IlX p'axepTa B CTBaTt, I111 ll i .li' B 12
"P'ocduH" (Trp. 209 --- 210); Kporbt Toro o
noiAtKaax pyccKHx MapoK ynoMHHrTacT Hna CTp.
1 I' 150, A,19-ro "PoccMTu", a TaRize B
A"24-) oniicaHr no;iat;a.ai{i MapoK C.-3. Apriin
H B6ea3yG itom i MiapKiH Poccii c di, t.n ijini..iu
Kaee3M.
Co6Hpan aTepiaa o :.ii\t. i. \ pyccix
Mapo0, M y ygaJio0Cb yCTaHOB'rb no paa3Hbu
HCTo'lHHKaM Ha3aBCTHuba ;O cero BpeMeHI 110,;-
jlt ria pyeCKx MapoK, a nMeeHHO:
I ). H aBIcTHna i., .i1 i, i -pl.,ii ')1 ,i."ii
...,,i,...il MapKH, M21. IaBHairo u[poicxoiie-
Hil, TI .'; ii .ill .rl li I l ii paUOTM1; cOH COCTaB-
aeH H3 O2HHX H npIITOM nILOXO fHHOjIHeHH}IX Bep-
Tila.ahHbIX amiiii, 6e3 3aMIaiTnaro y opIHrnHaib-
HIlX MapOt Tlepe;jonaHif iqepTroiqeR T(iN eK, a
TaimIe II'b T B0so13 oro anaKa. L'i,"lt; TorO Tra
MapKa, HOA BHIjOM "iil ilili'aRii'", H3BI'CTHa CO
CMbNTbLM I epl)HJbLHLiD rameHieM H c HaBeeuHHIH
aacHx CaeeM.
2). MapKH 2-ro BtinycKa (flBaph 1858),
Kat H Mapsa Ai21, BTarae Obiam notiijallHl JIHTO-
il'.il ii 'i 1 crnocoo01 Ha 5ymar't .-.; Bo5anoro 3Ha-
ia. 11S~tcTHm a oa.a H'a TaKNx noxB'JoK MapKH
N-" (30 io'n. sa 3 .oTa) apKo-IapMHHuoaro ITB';-
Ta; yraoBbs opuaneuMTbl CJaHTI C *1I"!!'I: y poX-


ROB H'T HH paCTpyoOB, HI CelnaTeain. Q)TOT (I)ahb-
cH(ntJRaT HIaABcTell 1 B 6e33yO1OBOM nBHAI. T'K-
iAe BCTpiqaioTeH ( 1l'i.i.iii'Lil'i BaONHbIMI aBHa-
ROM Ha 0o60pOT) ,,ijll;,.IIni OTTHCI K KOTOparo 6i-
BaeT 3aam;T('H Ha .a11HeBofl CTpopHi MRaprKH.
3). MapKu 3-ro BIinycKa (ORKTI pb 1858)
c 3y6IaxMn 121/2 Nau3'1;crT TaKwae B IHTorpapi-
CKoft IIOAt.iKe IIpme- 3,y6gmIu I.I.n. i|iiii ; Ivo'
He cOBnna.aiOT c ayosigaMI :-ii 1u.li,\ MapOR. Io-
Jo6ao Mapt d .1, 11 3T M apIH iceTpialorTCH nOl
1BH41o "HeraimeHHL X" C MbMTblM lepfHHaIbHbIM
rameHieM.
4). MapKa B 1 0on. e sy6uamIH 12y/2 (Bh-
nycKa 1864) B CBoe BpoCMI) Olaa rpy6o no;j-
.Bgana .,.111'.rl ir. i ,v CHnoco6OO ; 06 BTOM robo-
piwrc B :.,1 B ..1.I "The Stamps Collectors Ma-
gazine" 3a Maii 1-;'. r.
5). MapKm B 10 11 20 Kion. (BbIHycKa
1875) Hnam3iiTH, iKaK Bea.1iatimas pIf!KOCTh, C
InepeBepHyTbIM neirrpox; d,. ii.. I.1. iii BCTp'ba-
IOTCR C BbIIYBaHHhnBM H SaCnI. BCTaBJICHHbIM nlepe-
BepHyTbIM ineHTpM.
6). KaTajior C. (D. A. 1928 r. OTiMtaeT
(in.. n1raTTrnT MapliK B 70 KjOI. 6ea CTpta (Bbn.
]i'.'ii, '[aMa 13% (BMiCTO 141%X15), OT-
.1111ii ll!HiiH i HenpaBHTbHOCTAl0MH pH'CyHKa.
7). hISBCTHiermi i.ii I!. o l.i. pl uHX Ba-
pOK B 3 p. 50 K. n 7 ', 1i CTePpt (BIIn.








ROSSICA


1884), He ranleHHme, a TahI43e raieHrHble 4Thub-
IHUBbIMH f1Trmui08I1IM 'XPara" H "Mlocica", 113-
rOToBJOII0HHie ceuekiauAbHo jau KonieeAqioiiepoB 3a-
rpaln c-ii H B PI[FL, XOPOH1O BhIbo.HeHHbIe Ha
1ioaH11HHOA 6ypart. ,JIA H3rOTOwjlluif 3THS (tiaAb-
iF:l;. nlT S6bIuH HCIH03b30BaHbI lHMPOI~ie HUN 3IH .M-
CTOB PYCCKHX mapOl3 Bb111YCK0B 1889 1904 ro-
AOB, 6e3 Vt13JIoro cJioR. (hii.ii. ii-1nU.- I 'IeHb-
me OpHIIrHHaJIOB Ha 1/2 1/4 MI. H C HIIClEOJIb-
NO ..!I 1I 11 1"llwl ,?'o'i 14 BMtGCTO 13/.
BldcAr G 1.1a. mTHX mapoiK, aiexenuem
(I'i pnitt. 6hLIat H3rpoToBmHbI Ami aTtIX I- I.ii- It til-
K1aTOB a 11iiiI..ii!ii' i rp~aBBHkOBaHHbI0 Ba gepe-
Bi, 1TeMneJ.ia.
8). 'J'Li'j' Boxm13H B CBROCi KIari; VIIOMH-
I-acT o Tirm t ti% i-uii itoAhud, mapniu B I py6.
C IOI)II3HTLHbIMII nIOMOCICalm (Bbl.l. 1 'i), HO
LiTORi JI0,_1'IKH, K COiai, cxaiK), He OIIuCI.IBOCT.
9). EaTajaor C. D. A. 1V2 I r. n 1928 r.
oTmtllaeT RB3BICTHmI I- i-ii' 11i1 w mapoi, BblH.
P41 12 r. C HePTHIia.Ib~biMII tIOICOCH3MH, B 3, 7 1
70 icoin. H B 3 p. 50 iom., xoponeii pa6oTBr, ia
byMar3 6003 B&iHI~lUX 3HarKOi, H3rOTOBJillilbIC B
niep6 noiuror, 113 ItOux m13pi3H B 70 Ko011 II B
3 p. 50 KOH. II3MCTHIII B rallHeRHOM Bllj'b CO
iTelOmcaem ".110 :1.'
10). IahBIcaChI aabnciFHiamru 6meaayuio-
'ii maPIRtL B 10 13011. (Bun. 1917), Bb1IUyWH-
Hbue aarpaHHueIfi, narOTOBjleHHfbe 11 I.pItRiiil
pbIX.1JOfi 6yMart, c ryeCTbim xieaxbJM noTpeciaH-
HIAM 1,ePJOM, MIIHAHfI-TO C.[HJHTO IRB'hTa, Sea Ai;-
10iOR CITIH.

COMH14TEJnbHbIE BbiflYCHI'.

DTl MapKH He MOrIT 6hlTh Ha3HaHbI (JJaab-
UIIIH1MMII, T. 1K. OBt BIHYCKa3.3Ib uHorja j1axe
npaBITCeLCCTBeHHU1MI opraHalM, BCAJtCTaie OCetH-
6jieHiR I3OHTPO.tB HO H''I'I"'ii i ItPOCbSrt
OT4t.bHb1X A1H B HaMwIIIIIBROM BHAI, C ItkbIO
ctteIy4BIqiH; tinorja C TOtf-ie jJbiO Jl;jasmicb
HaqHe'1aTKH, a iHora H4JIHHHLIII MI3apIi Io-
ABaJHaHCb B H3umtmHROM UIBIITI 11111 C IGeCyIleCeT-
,BoBaBmeti Ha DTIIX m1apKax .'3:Ii: Tuxi.aine
C (aJIIItHBo l .'''l'L~;1.aHA .,iao flppeRa'pITH tX B
I}iUiH M aIff pIa T'ICi. -,-N1HHTe.bHbhe BhuIIiCKI 11-
TajorHpOBs-lJTCb garpaHmieft H-I po2q3BaJCb JO
BbIcomim IVliHam, 3131 J)t:13OCTb. MelliTy TIM DTII
mapat, 1313 CHtCeDyaHTHBHbI1f, He AOJMlHb1 npeI-
CTaBJIIITL HHI3111OrO *Iit.i.i.iir i& i:.ir.. aHTwepe-
ca, jamt3e CC4H Tai-owBbl fCJy'aiHo Rau1 n-o npoch-
O6l CT(-TiJlbHbIX .111 UHpOBIJN TIOtlTY. KaTaJior Co-
BITCHOR CHmaaTe3TCJICTH1IcKoft AeCOuiaqiH, HaHOo-
JIte atTOpHTeTHbtTti T. 1K. npn ero COCTaBjieHiH
Uolbsn9rac ajR l~l~b joii~iyme)T raKYeHT~m, aj)-
XHBHLIMR MaTepiaiiaMm H CIIeIIIa.I1BHOl )HjIaIe-
JIICTH11CCItOfi t i ii. HrHOpHpyA D3TH BbllY-
CIH It He IKalaJOr-ppH, 13ai1 COMHHTTehbHh e, HO
IepelCHcjsii Hx, rOBOPHT eiIl ytoiee:


1). 13 ''4 r. Ha Ka B13a1Y1 6bi. BbI11iB~eH
T. 1133. "iijr i, Ji i i : 14-1w0t10'13 Mapla, 6e3
CTpliJ (Bbun. 1883). pa3ptaaaHaa nonoaam no
AiarOHajit, Swia caa~i~euia na Ka11oil IIOJIOBHH-
wil Riai,, Ba l[e'aT1ofi "7", cqlmijHitO pyq-
Hblm CniCOcow. "'Ilpn3imTb DTOT 'f1jU)BH30J)if" 3a
(,-I 'll.il.1iBl fblyvIl1 He7b13f. T. 1. OH BOCIPOIIH3Be-
,qH 110 HHHfiaTI4Bbii, 6Bmaro B TO BpeCM5 Ha EhaB-
EWA, OjHi r i'mro epoyl)rCnlarO co6HpaTCAHf".
lB'IiCTH1b C.1lqaH tYtOTpcc l011i a "IOJOBHH'lia-
UIX' MapoO, Sea HainCiaaTol3, BcJLAlCTrie Blpe-
mennaro HepuTCma Ra nO'i'rl; MaiPOK CoOTBIlTCT-
BVIOI1WHX HOMIIBaJIOB II 110B03MONBOCTH 3atMIHHTb
IX 'p.110 1711 NapltaMiT; TaK, uiaupnf p: mnaprI3H B
10 h ZO hull. (3-rO BbT11. 1':-.S r.) BCTPBhtaK)TCd
paapLhaHabIMmi noitolaM va jan it O iaBTbI B-
ltO1.BlltitHOtl RIX CTOHMOCTH, T. e. 5 1I 10 10OR1.
(C. '1D. A. 1'12, CTP. 14), HwTli B 1:olr r., m&332y
3 ut 5 Anpli'aJR, a PeBeJIKS. 3a HCJOCTaTIOM mapoi
B 1 13011., 6buia j)aa1i1lttVHa 14 jo1yIm&Ha R3 lpaH-
KIHPOBI3'; mapxa a 2 Kou. (e BelYtitlbbIMHI 110-
.ioc13am ), panpfmaHaa H noitoul, Sea IaItoil
antto HO aera TKi H (C. (D. A. 1!'2I, CnTJ. 30).
NoJuemlnionepmI MapoiJi Boooi-Je ]Tiajym Ha
BcSIHaiao poja "Ij13OBHHKH' II jazte RFi-T iii. i
Ro.uete~iiOe]) A. U. Pa3epawe coOjI33HHIJCH It
iipio6p2lJ B Cje 0 pe0ff BBl T111ii-i IIo.ol 1ii'l3a-
TbIff MapicH "IJpoHimopiR" c KpacinEwH Haq-
RICeaTInamtI "7T Ha jByX l3YCttaX OHBepTa (a.1-
pec m (ami1uilI ajpeCaTOB BBII113aHbl) c HIo'rro
ibIbiit mIemtteMIfmit "hvrTalic, 28 Aar. 1884" ji
"'THmimC, 31 Aut. np; 1", IpH1OM Ha nycmb
IOHBepTa CO I lTCTinCJeM "RyTaiiC", -pMiOlm C
'BnpoBH.3opiM" HawiJeema II MapIa B 7 13011.;
oqeBaljHO 7-llortelqHbII fmaPI3H Ra HOIrr1 HMtI-
aTIICb, a B cayital HJOCTaTima, liX Bcerja MOXH03
Sauio 3aaMHI[TH1Ib majph3 B 1, 2, 3 H 5 13u.
H H aO6HOCrIr B 3YtoTpebaIeiii HIOJIOBHHlaTOR
Ma)imr, ja eimie c 11.,,11-II HH3aje1a.Txoi, HOe-
III3BUCTH() 131331 C,3.i1HHOVII He BCTPII'a1iOCb.
K cowa3-bHiIo 3TOT COMHHCbTe.1bHbIi1 BblHlC1
RaTHa.luHpOB2H BCAIMII, Ipozv C. J*) A., llpl'IceH
IHSSOIC II IhiI-.Ii, yIbIBaIOT jaTY ero BbIi-
C13 "MapT I1":: r.", ylUYCTHBh 11,3 BRAy, "0TO
calla TO mapxa1 B 14 INoti. Susta -,ti ut', iii
Bi0epBbie B r.1-i, i; j 1883 rolaj.
2). KaTalior C. (D. A. 1924 r. rOBOPHT O0
CyII[CCTHOBaaiII "-ipaHTaCTH11CC1HX mapoli", 1OTO-
pLn HOHRBIjIICH B fIepiwe 1HH PCBOIttOWH 1917
roja (27 (Denpaia -- 12 4apTa) c i CpancrbIH
R tiepHbimiM Hajle'IaTaamH Ha 6.Totoax PO-aHoB-
eaaro Bbwrnveia 1913 r. R "MvapiiaX-AenbraxHx":
a). ('Ty iW, i.- KOinaIa Ha, iepeKpeIIMH-
BaIOImUIxCf mIctax H c itajIrItCber "'BpBaTCTBO, pa-
RBeCTBO 11 CBoSo33" nwOItyllpyrOM, Ha 6ionax n13
4-x Map)it.
6). 3arjiaBuaro jiCffa raaeml "1a3BfCTi-a
lleTporpajmCaro COltTa P. a C. Cniy'TaTOB" Ha
ftornx Ha 8 mapOit.







RO S S I C A


B). 3arzasBHaro jaCTa H,1'rp.,rp::1., h,,il ra-
3eTb "IIpaBaa" Ha 6iaoKax H3 12 Mapo~.
Bec;t TH I pBH3oopi HHAorIAa o(4HiiAiaJhb-
HO OTileqaTanHb H BbInymeHbi He 6Mbil H aSB-
jamosTc npoAaiKOHrl rpynni i p if"ilp.t.'i KII\ TOp-
ra'BieB '3apKaMH B '1 JISx CIIneKyJIHiH, a nO-
TOMy He lnpeACTaaBjlIOT ln l. l.1ii HjHaTeanHCTH-
qecKgo IJt aRHn, rtn jame Ha nIITicMax, IpomeA-
iHax noqTy BO BpeMa peBojil0noi, ora BCaKiM
InchCba InpHHllMalHCb noi'1ro, amite 6e,3 MapoK.
Mexay Ti 3Ts cIIeiyJIITHBHbMa "iaHlTaCTHMie-
eKia i.1pirn" noApo6no iaTaaorRpOBa.aH y HBe-
pa H IntHI Ha HHX AOBOaJbHO BhlCOKiS. CKOTrT,
rFH66ioH, MHxeJb H C. 4. A. rax BbanycCROB
He npH HaIoT a He KaTajrorHpyioT.
3). BjaroTBopHTeJHbIiH MapKH B 1, 3, 7
H 10 Ion. Ha I;B'lTHOri MIOBOti 6ymart (BbII.
1914 r.) H. na. 6ojiofl MaoBoii 6yMart (Bsn.
1915 r.) BCTptqaIoTCr I B ipoalast B 6ea'3y6g0o-
BOM BSHI H itHa Ha HHX BsICOIaa. M;i, y rtM
BTH MapICH 6e3 3y6floB rq'iTliTi.Ei.Ii. BHIlnyIleHI
He 6aJIH noHaBHlaHCb B 191 7 i-.iy nocalt pyc-
i;,..f peBOJIaMiH, B liit\ ocaa6aeHia KOHTpoaa,
no RHHtaiaTHrB c]IeKyyaaHTOB (CM. FI'o66HC H
C. P. A. 1928). Y MHxeCJI oHH aaTaaorapo-
BasHl no BliCOKH{1M ItfaM, CKO-T JIIHim ynoMH-
HaeT o cyngecTBoBaHiH 3TRBX mapox 6e3 yasa-
HiNa ItHtI, a HBep Hx He aaTaaIorHpyeT BOBCe,
TaKaie ax P1T660HC H C. D. A.


4). BjaroTBopHTreabHra H opaHMBeaas Map-
ia B 3 son., MHOIO yzae oiircaHHaa KaR MapKa
cneKyaaTriHBHaga, coaxajataio Ka.TaaorHpoBaHa
c'IMH sarpaHHb nHuxH aTaaoraMH. KaTaaor C.
b. A. o6 oTo fMapi gaaxe He ynoMHHaeT, cqH-
TaH ee, oqeBrHAHO, MapKoft He -:rJ'rl*lIt.lfl',ll
BhtlycKa.
KpOMt TOrO BCTp1taIOTCAe MapHN C (I 1.1.-
il!ii,,,i H C He 'ii ti:'Bl i'R nnli''i 3y6iAOBKaMH, OHH-
CaIHHbl B A!16 "POCCHIH", Ha CTp. 93, a HmeIHo:
a). 1 py6ab c BepTHEajibHHLMH nooJIocaMH
(Bmi. 1904 r.) c lh,.ihiini l ptIKOr 3y6IOB-
Ioi 111/2, ( il..i:,IIHii Ha Mapit Toro-ae AOCTO-
HHCTBa C "iU.llMili 131/%, H
6). 1 py6ijb c MtaOBofi ,Tch'fi, ,iepao-
HopunHeBaro *iBtTa, c HecymecTBOBnamef Ha STHX
MapKax 3y6poBOIfo 111/2 (c EIpyIHHbMH OTBepCTia-
Ma), it..ian-i i'i Ha -... ,,i .i MapKl, Toro-
WIe AOCTOHHCTBa (Bbn. 1917 r.). XOTSa Ta mapKa
c p'lgofi .i\iiIu.,rIi-i 11%2 H aTajorrlpoBaHa
B 1938 rosy y MHxeja (eAHHCTenHHOM R3 aBCIx
iaTaaoroB), o naH O B R if'.iil ..i !i XIi [i..-1HifIX
cBoero KaTaaora MHxejb o cyIAeCTBOBaHiH i BTOii
3y6GOBxRH He ynOMHHaeT H TaHOBaI, HOB HMOMy,
AB.1ISeTCII (ifaJIrbflHBOIO.

C. nlpurapa.


MapoHHbli noAapoK PyccKaro HMnepaTOpa aMepHKaHCKOMy
MBaJlbHKY


.It-r.i n~pounmaro roja, a IhoH'l, MHoIo 6Iiao
nojy'enHo B r. Hbro-IopKI nHeCbMo 113 r. BanHy-
sepa, KaHapa, OT M3CTHaro ajBOKRTa A. Xiqi'r;ii
(510 W. Hastings St.), i.'I.[i.ii[ii cnpamHBaeT,
6bia-ja -"T'pvc-hi Ilapb HHKojiafi II" KO1aexIqio-
HepoM MapoK H coo61umaeT, qTo 40 aJLT TOMy na-
3aa, Korta OH, Xapnefl, 6m enge anaabqIlHOM,
OH Hauncaa Ty,'i."iy Ilapio" nIIcbMo c Upocb-
6oft nppHJaTb exty pyccirx niapof. BcKopt oH
noayqHa aIto6eSIHLi OTBAT Ha DWIJayI cepilo pyc-
CKHX MapoK.
Ha Mo# 3anHpoc, Ra~ia MapnE Or no.ayHa1
OT Pyccxaro /IMnepaTopa, XapBefli o0B3THna, Tro
B 1897 roay oH Hnojy',IIa iepe3 PyccRoe IIocob-
CTBO B BaiHHrrTOH i:.it.iviow1ee:


1) cepiro l.-ip-,. B 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10,
14, 20, 35, 50 H 70 ion., B 1 py6. H 3 p. 50
KOHI. (BbIn. 1889 H 1892 r. r. c ropHso3HT. o-
jIocieaMH), 2) mureiMneabHMe KOHBepTL B 5,
7, 10, 14 H 20 Hon. (Bmn. 1889-90 r. r.), -
3) aaKpbrmta nuiHCMa (cenpeTKH) B 5, 7, H 10
Kon. (Bnn. 1890 r.), 4) OTKpITbIa nHCbMa
(OTICphTKH) B 3 a 4 KOH., TaxHKe c OiIOqeHHbIM
OT0 TOM (Bhmn. 1890 r.) H 5) 6aHAeposmiHHe
6ajaHIKH (6aHAepoaH) B 1 H 2 K.on. Bet no-
JyqeCHHIa MapaH H IlhJbHbII BeMIH 6JIAH B He-
rameIHHO BH jt H ce aTO Spl.an'lHri y Hero I B
HacToainee Bpema.

C. B. P.


BnaroTBopHTejbHaan opaHiesasl MapKa B 3 Kon.


P it h ,.li '!:rili,[i[.[i,,I I \ h'ii[ 1 I ril.l 'III~-
Si Ti l f .lllf'il t i, [i M i|>i:V. l l'T,1 l li IT..,l Il-,
pf i,li. V 1'l' ,Ti I],I .V. I'- I1 1 9I 11 I.1, V
llH i[p: n,, A:; 1 l1 i 1'.0::;-- r.) n ) F n'',i"-,, .a


Xt,, l .ti -.1 2 l9.. ; I. up n, i li, Xi,.'iv-T lv i
'*Til M;'il|!;il I 'i.l. ir i TUH .
'Ni, "1 ylT ibilB..is-T F.i-, billN \ i l -; i iT',Fl M:lit;ll
1919 i., IlBp- --. 1915, ;- e. i:.-.1i,,rtsx <..@.A.


385








RO S S I C A


.a 1924 r. i 1928 r. (2-e in 3-e s3llaiaia) aa
M.apua BIBce He yKaaaH3a, i. OyJTO ei He, cy-
umeCeBOH;a.o HIIHor;a.
MapRa aTa HHKorTa He 6,)1a B cipaRmeHiH
a nIoqeu'v oHa 6ombla BinynTIea B opanaseBOMN
UB 'rT TOJbhR0 o0Ba 113 ii.!3 cepin. ist; 6bluia
BbnIImena, ;orra H C aRoil ut.lb. OC- ocrarT-
ca aar00 ,ui. ].l,, aBe.aT'e.ibHO 01bo0-01I paa-
ra.laTh.
Mit yv.aaocb BbIECHIITI. 'ITO T a-a Iapia
nOBIina-1aci Binep]BhI B IIapilioi B 1919 r. in (Bsal
Bea.jna1Iman pb',;JOCTb!) nptoaBa.aacb TaO 1no
20 .tio.. aa rrrysy; cIircTa H-fiROropoe Bpe.xM
utHn H Ma HHa apiv a.1a na.laTb, T. R. OTH MapRKII
ln'BIIuaIICb Bo 6OabhIlOM ;ialI'ieCTBt C :VO y6ua
*121, i 131/ In HIake c HnaneqaTIKlo "o6pa-
3eu". -- Y ('CKora IiHa Ha dTy mapsiy joaroe


Bpe.mn Iep;taaacb 4 joa.i. IIn jallb B noe.ritHee
Bpem3a 1BbHa 6hbaa caiCHeaa ;io 1 .oaaJ. .3a Hn'yry.
CymecTByeT Bepcin, rITo yno.Myiiyvaa opan-
aeBan MapKa B 3 hton. 6I ia binyjmeHa a a o-
Iy B 1919 r. BoopyaeHHnIM11 CHIIJMIH iora Poc-
CIH, T a :i- ii 3io6pai c -nH il' i.,.I R1.aa3a HO
aTa Bepein, Bupa-I-an upaBIIbHaI, TpeoyeT no-,-
TBepieicHia
3loh1ino XyrTh, 'ITO aTa Hapsa. neIonIHtH-
HO cneyavATIIBHaro xapaTrepa, 6bi-ia c.jKIana
,.-i ,ItiT .pi.i B Ilapilit, NOTOpe, noay-
qaf11 .nITam3II MapnI Toro-;iCe .oiCTOIIHCTBa Ha it-
0ofrt )It.aonoil oy-Mar', BbMn. 1915 r. a:acim Os-
pamina1aan 3T1 III a CTbI opanmieBbii 1 nrT. B Ta-
KOM cj.qait t 3Ty MapKy c(.ItIyer T '. 1.. .,u I.'. i, I 1
He IIOVYlnaTl.
C. n,


KIO6HeRHbih PoMaHOBCKig BbInYCK 1913 roAa.


,)TOT ., i.,imil.iii II tKJaulITe.lbiHbIi no
cBoefl s[)paco'rb Bbit-nIyc o.-a;en c.yaI;iTb yKpa-
Iueiii"'x BCHKOH 0o. oICIaeIini a;i;e 1an1. He cooH-
paiolinx pyccKil 31map1n. P;i.' tui, Mi apOK 'lt;( a-
. i BbhIaioinieca xyo0;amiriin Blnauonu, CappHniun
in l i..l p;ii, a KalmIe pyo6aeBnbx mapoK rpaBH-
poBanbi Ha cTaJan lIo0HIIHIM I'I, IiacoM n iu poU).
UllpnHioFoNi, HO 0inorie He .3naiaoT, OTKr a BaIHTM
l.So6pa;OIeniH nopTpe'roB 3loHapxOB na 3THX
Mapriax.
B oJHOM 113 pyccEi~x ;iypoHalJB 3a 1913;
rojx f HaTO.aiJjHJac Ha InopooHwe OillIcaHie Ia-
poR aToro BbinyCKa~ KO'TOpbli IIIiypoen'H 6b.I HO
.IHR 300-ItTia IJapCTBy\olmaro om1a PoxaHO-
Bu x, T. e. K 21 erpaa.i Ho Mapii o(r 1 lo 70
Kon. OaII. BbhinyIIneH n noI ynnOTV) III B upoJaaiy
Bo Bitx H0IITOBbux KoHTOpax B nepuiIii enHb
1913 roJa", a py0cabiux l MapIn 6Obun. Bblny-
rueHbI HtC tiO.-lbR0 103noHte.
ip... r. HtCeKOA 0 O CTII11a30BiaHHoe, pH-
CVHKII npoHI)30BIT xopomee BnCe'iT.Itrie; B IeCHT-
pt MapKRI Melaal ,OH, i. o ili,. i ofn.- 1[aH
npo'.rbi' BAHRKOM; HOBCIIJIIy HiiHiiaibI aHJ ixeIHa
nIIao1 pai;elHHRX MoHapxoB: TOhl;0ho 3a Mexaabiona-
Mi c IIcTpoM I, aeiciteI MaxafiaoBauex in
3Iliuan.lom 4eolOpOBnHeIP itt-)temH CTila3ao0-
BaiHHble JByrtiasBbe opa.h,. Mapia c nopTpeTOM
Aaertcai.~pa I yvIpaImeH'a MJeqem 11 aBpaMa: BHII-
3ay Meila.IbOH1a no B3t uIllplq)b, 0(ooa.laalonIAi
('TIlMO(Tb MapKH.
IIa MapH') B 1 Kon. 3Ho6pa; P IIe'rp I
c rpaBBip CT. 0Oana, ,i i i i L-1 ii no nopTr-


peTy ro.Tjaauna re-Moopa; J.a MaplII B 4 rOII..
Taxe ce IIeTpox I, no.Ib30BaJmICb Ia3B;CTant rpa-
Blopofl KheaJepa. C.itAyiolniH ,J A MapKI B 2
H 3 0on. nHMtIOT nopTpeCbl A.aefc,uii II if
Aaeiecanutpa .II. Ha inanioaoe xohnIIx miapax
B 7 i 10 Kon. nHo6paxen IlMiepaTOp 1Haio-afti
II, inplIqei 7-ronieqriuaa ap1 a HanerlaTana He
cIneii KpacxoBi, I.aB 6Oiao ii;.Ii- iT.-, a 'TelIO-
0OpII'IHeBO0.
He ocooeHHO yaqTHa Mapaa 1 14 Ksoi..
cIHe-.3eeHaro uIBtra: Hey aqn -BbiopaH nHopT-
pet EaTvepIaHbi 11, B3aO'rhl c rpanB)pbi (',op:o-
JYIMBa, xoTf no H pacoTt H H3 naIecTBy 3Ta ap-
Ra c'TrraeTCH qyVTb He nIepBOil BO BCmex ipt.
OiCHb xopomIn 3aTO ciT.10o-Kop1iHeBaa MI apsa
13 15 Ron, c O'lPHb IHB'BCTHlIM IIOpTPITOM HI-
iKOaa 1 n oI 0.1BKOBaa apia B 20 ;oBi. c IopT-
peToM Aaeicafipa I no aKBapeJan Jay. HaxoIa-
inefica B co6paHii II. RL. ,.Mli.-.F I
TeHuo-.aJOHBah apKa B 25 1onI. AaeT
Hao61patefiei A.ieCctal MHxailiOBIira; catfayioini
MapI)I B 35. 50 n 70 Ron. HaneICia'TaHi B 1B
BpacmII: .jLIOBan (' 3eaeieHiM, Rop1)meBa1 ( C ct-
pbIM 1 cBtT o-a3eeHal C KXOpI0HeOBbIM; IIO)TpeT
IIaBaa I Ha Mapit B 35 Kon. c;Itaiau no opn-
rnuHa. Bayam. nopTpeT EJH.aBeCTr IHeTpOBH Ha
Maps't B 50 son. no rpaBIopl; TIeme30oa. a
1na 7C-,,.i .i Mapidt ii .ip, i.-, IIapb IMn-
xan.a CejopOBiri. nepBbiil 113 T.i ,. 1.' m -In1
o.mia PMaHIoBbIX.

C. n.








R OSS ICA


HblO-lOpKCKII Kmy6 P. O. 4t. ,,PoccHKa".
(H HcnOJfHIisiiealyca 5-ntTHeMy io6Meio)


l:.l,.'. P. 0. 1.. 1' .., l,,.," B r. Hblo-Iop 't,,
BosHHn0 mii 4 Anptaa 1936 rola, oaHOBpemeHHO
c o6pa3oBaHiec Pycciaro 06unecrBa aameaTenH-
CTOB *-I'~ iii: I" B Amepmlt, i-mix a BHatMar'b Bne-
ro aHImIb 7 UqaInoB, coHipaaca emenexLbHo no110
S'I ,11 ', B HaHnfTOM aJIn o3Toro no 'i MeCiH, B
PyccxoiM I;.i.i. (56 E. 121 ST.); co6paHib
L'.,;, I, 11.,I I.iIn n., ocimaJITCb OXOTHO Aa}Ke
inlaMH, He coCT0oBNIIIHMnI qdeHaMn "POCCHcKH" 1H
TaKHx coOpaniil B I'..;.. r. (c AinptJi) 6biTo 38.


B ,.i. i\mniuri 1937 r. 6b5.'o 50 co6paill
" i'.i KOTpbI1a alnHTepecoBaaJI HOBIX (IuiaaTe-
IIICTOB, 3aRIHcaBmHXCa qaenalRH i.i',., H o;0Ho-
BpeCMeHHo 'uenaIM 06MecTBa I"P.. i I"; B TOM
zie roly B Oi.am6p'I 6im.o cnrro 6oate upo-
CTropHce noM'i;enie Y.M.C.A. (215 W. 23 St.) c
inaaTOU 50 ,T0ojIap0O B ro; Hna IIOKpITie 3TLIX
pacxooB 6ia ycoTaiioaerH laenKif B3HOc B
pan.MptJ 1. 0.o. B ro0 H 1 Kpior Toro aa noct-
ulenie ... ,,liii I:.', i B3B, ar a;iocb no0 10 1ien-
'ro1 c aiat;aro yvacTHiKa coopaniai; Traim 06-
paaox qaenN H a iyoa, COCTo0Bmie H i 1ae1namn 06-
i'CCTBa PoccNea", aKitypaTno noctiaB nIie co-
6pania, ;ioaxKHb i 61.aI nIiaTHTh B rBo 7 joaji. 50
neTroB (3a 50 co6paniii), ne cG1Ta.a eazenea'ib-
HbIX pacxoosB no onaarti jopora na co6paie B
o6a xonia, qTO coCTaBa1n.a 10 enrTOB, T. e.
eme 5 jouJ. B roa.
Pac'tBir say6a a 06nmecTsa -P'",. ii.,"
Inpoqojxaaca H B 1938 roxy, Rorga, 10 AnpfBa
'biaa y CTpOa B"'i'hBKa *,*" iii.!'" B im-\
saaax Y.M.C.A. (CM. .A 31 -"l' .liiiii", cTp.
150). sora.a uaenui Kav6a nupwHHaarH vracTie
1n pvriix 1I.1. rv i.r i\ r. H ii -I [i:.i. Coi i.,1 ii


B ca.riyounimeM r,., roria 'rncao IJIeHOB
'"T.. i ii;i" B03pacao o .;2, HeCMOTpa na TO, wTO
aa OTO BpeMH yImo 1a3 "l"' .. ,n" 11 qaeHoB;
,' i'ip-ii Kay6a B 1938 r. 6bmIo 45, T. K. B
OTaO6pt, no Oo'rqaHiiH KayoHaro roAa, IIpaB-
aeHie IOCTaHnomao. co6HpaTbcs a a pa3a B Mt-
cuHI no noHext'abHHKaM H B CB1s31H c OTHM naaTa
3a IIJOMiieHie B Y.M.C.A. 6Iha yMeHbmneHa go
25 1oa.a. B roa, a aa nodIIcteHie co6paHiff Ao
5 eHTOB aa KaKaoe co6panie.
B 1.939 ii\ co6paHiA Hay6a (2 pa.a B
MtcflI) 6iblo 22, a B 1940 r. 6amo 21 co6pa-
nie, H13 KOHX nocaLaHee, 181-e co aHla ocHOBa-
niI iaxy6a, cocTO Iaocb 2 r,' 1 r,"p1'.
CpeaH qaeHOB iay6a 6aa3aH H aMepHEaHnai,
ii l *'ii ,_,mfi"''i pycCKMH -. apKaMH, KoTopble He
coCTOHaJH queHaMH 06tecrBa *-'-i, II i -
lHbo-Iopcrill IaIy6, EMs He6Soabmylo 6r6aiorTe-
ry, a Taime HmIa cpeaHn CBnx nUjeHOB OIIlbTHbIX
()pHfaTe.ncToB, Bceraa rOTOBbIX noA0taHJirbc CBO-
M 3laHinaiT, 5aIBJeTCSH CBoero po;a "(tHaTe-
aICTHr'qeCKHM" YHnUBepcnITeTOM, Kyja m$orie (Di-
aaTeaHCTb o6pauianaHcb aa cnpaBRamH H co-
BtTamH.
IlonylapHocTb Krayoa "P ... ii." Boapocaa
IacCTOJIbKO: q'ro Aaar~e IH1aTeab KaTaaora CKOTra
nepej BMIycKM 96-ro saanial Hugh M. Clark
ImaTaaora na 1940 r. i 97-ro HaaaHii Ha 1941 r.
HeoaHoKpaTmO o6painaicma B "*", l i:cy" c BOnpo-
caMIH .l,,ii nr,'..ii.l HcnIpaBaeI a H A oaoJIIl Hia
KaTanora B OTHOmIeHiH pyCCKHX MapoK; 3aTo B
6.arojapHOCTb 3aa "-'i ini" 1:..1 Ho HAaHilo
KlaTaaora H. Clark !i, 1--.'.' i. H B 1940 r.
upHciaa.i Hsio-IopEKCKOy OTI0r y "['"i li.:n'" aAj
ero KJy6a CBno KaTaaor c OTnemaTaHHOlt Ha
nependH eT7 HR aI cbioRussian Philatelic Society
H c i i I iii n''iTi n Baaaa itaTaaora, B TerCT4,
6OaroaapnocCTbH to the Russian Philatelic Society
"Rossica". H B aTOM ri,. yKe ii'o-lim., oT H.
Clark unnclxo c upiO C t.in'i in,'iH '-rt;..t Hn
H3ajanito aTaaora Ha !. -I2' roA, KOTOpHbI .mlhiii-P1
H3 IneqaT H1 IIOCTyHIIT B npojazy, raR1 H Bcerra,
B cepeaHtli Cewirapa.
4 Anplxa 1941 r. HcnoanHHocb 5 a t cy-
IMecTBoBa.Hi HSbo-Iop01KCaro xay6a N OTtjr a P.
0. D. "I'' i iil:." B OTOT o6:HaeinfiHri AeHb 6mIia
OTJIpa3aHOBaH "i']I.i:iTr.iii iwi' l;il.1 *.11.i :1 _M.

lpeactAaTeJlb H.iy6a "PoccHKa" B r. H.lopui
C. nPHiFAPA.








R O S S IC A

)HHKa HOBblX BbinYC


COIB'bTCHAR POCCIR

Co sHH BHuxo0.a B CBT .A 42 i"'',,.. .1''
mi.i.I. .11i Piii, BbinycCKH 60 Iit noolay eiCHbi 11 no--
CTy1yn1H4 B HpoIxa~.y B maHxaflckf x 3iaraaIUHx,
KaK "'!n ,i:-,Hi .l i.i- i;: Tor0 a iiaK eBC aTH BIM-
InyCIH OM Jr yale rIOjIOCTb0o o0ilHcallM B I' I" I-
HRX ._-. 1aypHaaa "Stamps" (:i-.. it.i uI1 A.- OT
17 Anptj), 11o.ayHenHnbx B IanHxa it I nepBso
nojI0BHHut Maa I3crIeaa. B BiJ y aToro O6CTOra-
TetJlbCTBa MuI b i jlaeM JaIHmb KparTKOe LnepellHCee-
Hie 1BHOth no11BHBMIHXE C BBiliyCKOB:
Cepia nia Tqe'pex iiapoK, HienBII1eHHaan
83.aTiff 150 AtT ToNy 1Ha3aa Hamlaia Hn Hnae-
HWrOMy i, ,l'. ll ,i f J I, 11 t. I, 1 1I i[i liy A. B. Cyno-
Il,,,. Tli Mapicax B 10 n 15 X. BBepxy varaa
-17;i- 1940" H ao6)paimeH MOxenFT aBa3ri Ha-
Maaa.a c 0 TI lll.li'.li.lll '.1"*, CyBopo'BI)IM Ia ne-
peinem niana c Hapele'ieiM aiay "clepTb o6I-
Ma T o ca6ji H 1rrb1sa, xpa6pux. CyBopoB"; na1
MapKax 30 K. 11 1 p. nopTpeT A. B. CyBopolia
B noaHorl renepaabCeOfi (j)opari c .eHTrofHi op-
jena eroft ace ,aTotf BBepxy a Hnanicblo 1nn--
ay "A. B. CyBopon".
Bropan cepia .illii,' h., 1: 3nHaMenoBaHie
15-THaTia OCHOBaHil ".iiu.,i,''iln II KHpr.3acKoi
CCP" n COCTOHT 113a Ayx MapOK. B 15 IK, Ha
*ouH3 rop KOTOpoi H30o6pazaeHie nprnaa, c;jp-
lBanoIgaro 0omabna B 30 K. na O0Ht rop c
il.iiii~.il i EoITf K IaoopaieHice MHHepa co enep-
JiH M ,HbI lill, il !*iiii i "iII HRa niae'B.
Cjjilayionlaa cepis ""' MT"inibi" B oaHaMeno-
saniQ 23-i ro4oaouim H spacuoir apxin H lpac-
Ha.tro (JI)OTa COCTOHT H3 BOCbMH MapoK AOCTOHH-
CTsBaMH B 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 45, 50 1on. a 1
py6., Ha KOTopbIx InocatoBaTrea.THs HaoOpaeKCH~
Klpai,',IapMIfiu t na .an Uax, apTruepHcTi aa.
crp'ryab0bo0, nTxoTa B CTpoio, aBanaepHc'r -- 6e-
L',ui ipenlacnTBie, HIIHIOT Ha. (on't aaponanaa
n MapmaabiCat a3 qB3ja.
3aT'r cepia liat mIapsH B nbinyintea B
fnamirl 500 a1TiJa p,1Ir- Hif "YaoeK,
cKaro noaTa n ylenaro Aa'mepa HoaBol", 0o-
CTronHHCTBan H 30 a 45 0on. 06f, iapIIIH MeH-
TH'IH H n Hxa H uX Ho6pameHiie A. HaBOi c ia-
TOil "1441--1941".
HIociAAHfiaa BIMly1lenHa.Hf cepia nocuBalmeHa
20-TH1 atrito cO aH CMCePTH HrI ICTHaro 11I.,I .1I--
copa H. E. tiysoioBcaro, poaumnmaroca B 1847
roxy H yidepmiaro B 1921 roay.
nHI""j "I,' no OIo Hiqao i Il., i.. i:.., I
YHHBepolHreTa MHoro IOTPpyJeIaC Hal coaxaniexI
coBpemeHHofl aopopo exaHu mn H HnaiHcaj 6oarie
180 yieaRix TpyAOB H KypcoB jiaeKii no in. p Ii'-
111'Kl, :i *I[1I,,ill.Ir I ilil. H MPXOHtH'ri. TnRnOH,1MH f


eCie B II ll ...., Poecin i6 O HaB-iCTeH KaK "'Ore
P i, ,I i | l il l'l i .
3Ta aa cpactsa cepia ccTroTr nHa rpex ia-
OKE B 15 E. 1n0TPCT !n ."' 1;: KOBCKaro .
,I1,|.u 1 "1:.'l 1941" 'n naTniiCb "OTreq pi .."'
aBiallill pTpo0 HI. E. ; :. '..... 1i'; na m pK1; B
30 K. B yray nopTpe'r ||l"|"| i.iI e rTO 5.e
., i; ii I l: H .o6paxeKHie ;i, a ia, B H'I;CKOlbIKO BO-
CToiHOM CTIIa.;, ieT-rIrgaro aapoTnana H HRa:unca
"BoeHna IH i liilio op.i)eHa .1' hul iI aiaie-
mia ispacnoti a1pinl HMeHll 1upo0). H. E. Ky5nyOB-
cEaro"; B 50 onI. a30o60pax;eie p.I"'.I' KyKOB-
c(Karo ia :, I ip-'ii. '11Ta0Io110uaro i 1 ,i 11 C Ha-
,., n ,,,,,, Ha JOCId ,,l',| ', ,ii no a pl'oH 1aM.-,,n.
I')Iox; uepemcae.Hnuix 1ii BHlil.Ia Map-
I I i I 'li'll BbhInyeCa B 50 Kon. c Irao6paice-
i"i 1."' "11 1 ,r,1 (no CKorry .' I H 11no0 H e-
py 433) Ha OymlartI e. Boa04nJ X a3naioui.
3aMdiena omaiHa B .Iii:i.l Ha MapKlt
i 0OITHH pya.b n113 cepiI 3ana30HaRaf YKpafiHa H
3ana;uaan Bt1r';.- i. : B'n. 1940 ro; a.
B KBaiJr6ao J1O He H Me'-rca asyquKOB c .'1-
BOi T cTopoii. orja. KarK B TaWxBNom a'e 6aoR'Kl
60-TH ,'i.il. lii111 MapR 3y'6qiHKH BeTpjtqlaioTr
co BCAiX IeThpex CTOpOH.

MAHbHHY-fM-fr

25-ro iaa c. r. BnTX0ojrHT roiiaa cepia NIa-
po]K Malnq.;Ky-,TI,-Fo. Mapmi -l.i.i ,, 1i,, i I B 03-
Ha.-eHOaBnie Heparo npn3baIpwm, 0OTOpj1F1 Coc-To-
HTca 1-ro iros., coraacHo aarona o i:..,- l;uti
1OHHICKr0H nOBHHHOCTH.



^fA fAA a 4 6L



;^ w





a Cepi. COCTORHT B3 BX II''i; B 2 (oeaa
NpacHaro IBIva R B 4 (IeHa cowiaro. PHcyHoK
O0t'HX M-apoK OAffHHKOB H HO36paataeT Ma1HbDKy-
royc1iaro co0.ilaTa Bn o.InIOM noxo;AHo- cHapaale-
11111 C BHHTOBRKOL r HEa IJelt'.






R O S S I C A




OT PeAaKqin:


Ho He I.MtHi M'tTa B .V 43, InI',.il,;tirii neqaTania HH4ecCJ1tAIy0lonX cTaTeif
InepenocnTCH B .V 44, BbIxoAqarIif npnIIpaIIt13TejdbHO BO BTOppol 0no1onII0 t iomia M3caaa:

1. Oiunriii ii n pi'nip i.iH MapxR Poccii.
S2. IloajHhit o'lepK MapoiR inTaa, roHOHrcIiaro BblHyCHa c MACTHbIMH HnaAneIaTiami.
3. KoMMenHTapin nHorop opoHnx noppecIoHReHTOB Ha Bbllnyc H mypHaia B llanxat.
4. 06aop (DHiaTe.lin iro i. B.
5. qacTb, RppecnoHAeHiift lie cpounaro xapaITepa.






OrnaBneHie nepso pYCCKOI '4aCTH mypHana N243.


1. nowTa Ha Afacei' I MiCTI1bie geHem1HuIe 8HaEn. (HicTopnqecIif ovepKi).
C. B. IIpnrapa.
2. AcrnefHble 3HaRK PyccKO-AMep iuancioit RooMnanli.
3. Te.aerpa(pniHe lumTeneab, ue BfaaHln C. HcTlepyprcxaro ropoAcuoro 06utecTBeHnaro
Tejerpata n1 Tejerpaniaa Miapua (1866-1Pi').
4. I"jLa.i ,.l;a pyccniix Mapon coMHiaTenJbHhIe BHrIInycII go COBtTCnaro nepiofa
(1857-1917).
5. Aipl,,in,[.ni noAapOK PyccRaro HIMnepaTOpa naepullh',icomy MajblIHKy.
6. ;.i;lllIIIurjlplIll.ImlH opaHusenaa MapRa B 3 Ron.
7. I06Jiaeiimfii PoManoBCiSi sBbnycI 1913 roja.
8. lHbio-opiahcift Ifay6 OrlWtcrBa Pyccnix (uaaTeaicton P0('t'Ilt-A.
9. XpoHnKa HOBmAX BbTinyCROB.
10, OT pepaugin.





R O S S I C A


.r Ik nePin,
BaTPRlp ,z HTat m nomiT
B"daP8Tgt H\hVKOA%


HOAPOsIHtii CrPA&BOHHI!i
AAR COBMPAIKOLPX-
nOHTOBblI MAP[M ,U HbltI BEfIHPI I
BoHTTOBblE TEMIFEA5I.

COCTABHAZ C.B. IiPHMAPA
HoM ETHbl Hi LXE H-z
PJccrhro OsL0ECTBA 4IHAATEAHICTOBZ,
,.POCCMKA".
1941,
r.Hblo- IOPK%.













ROSSICA

Bi-montly publication founded in 1929.



'7-a


(Far Eastern Supplement in English to No. 43'.
June 1941. Shanghai. China.





RUSSIA


The \Volcm


Famine Issue


b Rimma, S/'arevski Bal/imore, .id.. C.S.-.


One of the earliest and most interesting
issues of R. S. F. S. R. IRussian Socialistic Fe-
derated Soviet republic) was the cVolga FamilLer
issue which appeared in December 31, 1921.
These stamps were printed by lithography
on white, unwater-marked paper and issued
imperforate. Remainders of the paper used in
printing Scott's Nos. 181-186 were utilized by
the workers of -Goznake to prepare these
stamps, which are found on the ordinary,
thin, and cartridge papers. It is said that
Nos. 181-186 were printed on the paper of the


Czarist issues of 19(19-17. sheets having end
watermarks and that the Volga Famine Issue
stamps are found watermarked.
Of the total face value of 221) rubles, 250
rubles were used to prepay postage, the re-
mainder (2000 rubles) was used to build a
fund for the tVictime of Famine of the Volga
Region.
Belnw is given the listing ol these stamps,
with corresponding numbers in Scott's, S. Gib-
bons. Michel. Yvert and Soviet Catalogues.








ROSSICA


1941 1938
S. Gibbons Michel

230 152x

231 151x


1941
Scott's

B14

B15

B16

B17

N

N

N


150x

149x

151y

152y

151z


1929
Yvert

153

154

155

156

M

M

N


1933
Soviet

47

45

46

48

49

50

51


Quantity


189,704

437,248

154,256

66,000


Denomination


2250 r. green

,, red

,, brown

S blue


green

red


Paper


Thin

Cartridge


Sc.,rcity


N-Meaning not listed M-Meaning mentioned


Nos. B14, 15 and 16 were printed in sheets
of 8 (4x2), two blocks of 4, divided by a wide
vertical gutter. No. B17 was printed on the
ordinary paper of 250 rubles of 1921 (Scott's
No. 183) in sheets of 18 (9x2).
Soviet catalogue states that senders of
registered letters using these stamps, were
permitted to send them without standing in
line at the post-offices, therefore one finds
covers, having the following inscription, has been collected for postage,, (& either
because of shortage of postage stamps or in
order not to paste sheets of stamps which
would be necessary because of raising of
postal rates) and one of the stamps of this
issue was pasted on the envelope.
These stamps have been very popular with
general collectors thus giving a rise to a great
demand and resulting in several types of
counterfeits being put on the market. There
are two types of counterfeits of No. B14 to
16, and one each of B17 and B14 on thin
paper.
B14 printed on ordinary paper was coun-
terfeited by soaking it in paraffin thus giving
it an appearance of being on thin paper.


E 10'ITOB4I


2--- 'U


3--


The most noticeable differences between
genuine and counterfeits will be given now.

Genuine
1 -Letter cYo of cPy6aefi; is Full.
2 The roof of the house is long.
3 Cane in the hand of the peasant
and canes shadow, touch each other.
4 -Impression is very fine and distinct.

Counterfeit Type 1
1 The diagonal and horizontal strokes
of letter xY2 are not existant and
only the top part of \cY may be
seen.
2 The roof of the house is shorter.
3 -Cane and its shadow do not touch.
4 Impression is not as distinct.

Counterfeit Type 2
1 Letter impression being blurred.
2 Same as in genuine, but very thick.
3 Same as in genuine
4 Blurred impression.


.- ii K l -


232

233

231a

230a

231b


I I







- ROSS


The counterfeits are easily separated from
the genuine Counterfeit if the following
simplified inspection is followed. See point 3
for Counterfeit Type I and point 1 and 4 fir
courterfeit Type 2. Type 1. Counterfeit is very
common in United States ol America. while
Type 2 is not found tery oft(rn.
Genuine
1 Impression clear
2 cnIl in -floMoubm I horizontal stroke)
is full.
3-On the left side, the third and fourth
tree peaks are separated.
Counterfeit 1
1-Impression blurred.
2-There are no horizontal stroke in
letter cnf.
3-Peaks are not seper.itd.
NOTE:-Any additional information will be
appreciated.



The Republican


i lU'tCu iJ l' C







'il.'i f Ft2. -'K .';*/. iy- -
Ia












IssuLes of China.


With Historical Notes.
Byr G r / .1 Ci. /en, Ska. :',i.


PART I.
After the mutiny at Wuchang in 1911
the revolution spread rapidly. Hankow was
captured and burned, and Hanyangi wiih its
arsenal was also taken. The various provinces
south of the Yangtsze one by one seceded
from the Empire and set up independent gov-
ernments. The Regent induced Yuan Shih-k'ai,
who had retired in 198S to save his own
head. to take up office again as commander-
in-chief of the army and navy. Yuan brought
the army from Pekin to Hankow, and
recaptured that city and Hanyang before his
funds ran out. The Regent, being unable to
effect a loan. was forced to come to terms
with the revolutionists.
At this moment. Dr. Sun Yat-sen returned
from abroad, arriving in Shanghai on the
27th December. 1911, and on the 29th was
elected President by the representatives ,of
the revolting provinces, except Chekiang,
which objected. The southern provinces, with
Dr. Sun as their President, set up their new
capital at Nanking, and drew up a provisional
constitution.
In the meantime, pressure had been


brought to hear on the Empress Lungyu,
Regent and foster-niother of the boy Emperor,
and she abdicated the throne on the 12th
February. 1912. At the same time she com-
missioned Yuan Shih-k'ai, who was then
Premier, to establish the Republic.
Yuan Shih-k'ai made an agreement with
Dr. Sun Yat-sen and the Southern Republic
for a temporary government to be set up at
Pekin with himself as the temporary Pre-
sident. Yuan took the oath of office in Pekin
as pro'.isional President on the 10th March,
1912, and immediately called together a new
National Assembly.
At this juncture the Post Office, finding
that their stock of stamps was running short,
decided to print a commemorative set of
stamps. They could not wait until the new
National Assembly had elected the first Pre-
sident, as the supply of stamps would not
last. Neither dared they invoke the wrath of
the first President by not printing his portrait.
There were two candidates for the Presidency
Yuan Shih-k'ai and Dr. Sun Yat-sen. So the
Post Office. to get over the difficulty, printed
two complete sets of stamps; the one portray-


I C A








ROSSICA


ing Yuan Shih-k'ai, commemorating the pro-
clamation of the United Republic on the 12th
of February, 1912 (Type 1)*; the other bearing
the portrait of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, commemorat-
ing the start of the revolution at Wuchang
on the 10th of October, 1911 (Type 2).*
Each of these two sets comprised twelve
stamps, with values from 1 c. to $5.
The stamps were printed on white wove
paper, in sheets of 100 stamps, with a perfora-
tion of 14g. The stamps with Sun Yat-sen's
portrait measure 36X24 mm., and those with
Yuan Shih-k'ai's portrait measure 34X26 m.m.
Neither set was watermarked. The engraving
and printing were done by the Chinese Bureau
of Engraving and Printing at Pekin. The two
sets were issued simultaneously in November,
1912.
In the meantime the Post Office had
placed an order in London for a new set of
stamps. These were issued on their arrival in
1913. This new set comprised nineteen stamps,
values c. to $10.
There were three distinct designs for the
stamps: the main features of the design of
the Y c. to 10 c. being a junk and a railway
train, representing "Communications" (Type
3)*; the design of the 15 c. to 50 c. stamps
being a reaper, representing "Agriculture"
(Type 4)*; and the design for the $1 to $10
being the Pai-lou (or arch) in the enclosure
of the Hall of Classics at Pekin, representing
"Literature" (Type 5)*.
The stamps were printed on white wove
paper; each stamp measuring 26X22 m.m.,
the perforation being 14. The stamps had no
watermark. The '4 c. to 50 c. stamps were
printed in sheets of 200 stamps, each sheet
being marked off into panes of 25 stamps by
thin lines. These lines were supposed to run
down the perforation holes, but more often
than not the perforating machine missed the
line altogether, so stamps are often seen with
the line on one of its margins, sometimes on
two adjacent margins. The $1-$10 stamps were
printed in sheets of 50. The engraving and
printed were carried out by Messers. Waterlow
& Sons, London.
Mr. Church Chu, a leading Chinese phila-
telist,states that stamps may be found imperf.
between either vertically or horizontally in
most of the values. The writer, however, has
only seen a 2 c., 3 c. and 8 c. imperf. be-
tween horizontally, and a 4 c. stamp imperf.
between vertically. Distinct shades, however,
are to be found in all values, and these are
especially marked in the'% c., 1 c., 2 c., 8 c.
and 20 c.


.Towards he end of 1914 the Chinese P(ct
Office decided to have their stamps printed
in China. This decision was reached partly
because the continuity of the supply of stamps
from London iwas becoming veiy uncertain-
due, no doubt, to the labour and shipping
problems of that time. The work of re-engrav-
ing the dies and the printing of the stamps
was entrusted ti: the Chinese Bureau of
Engraving and Printing. The same designs
were used for the stamps, out the re-engrav-
ing of the dies involved various minor altera-
tions in the details of the designs. The most
easily noticed alterations are: In the Junk
design, first issue, the three waves in front
of the junk appear as almost regular dots,
and the sail of the highest mast of the junk
has a thin hair-line running all the way along
it; whereas, in the second issue, the three
waves appear as two short lines and a dot,
and the hair-line above the sail does not
continue past the mast (this hair-line is
absent entirely on many specimens, due to
the wearing of the plate). In the Reaper
design, first issue, the instrument in the
reaper's hand has an outer line which starts
down from the hand; in the second issue,
however, this line does not start from the
hand, but ends in a sharp point just below
the hand. In the Arch design, first issue, the
middle window on top of the arch is rectang-
ular, but in the second issue this window is
oblong.
The set, at first, comprised 20 stamps, a
$20 stamp having been added. In 1919. how-
ever, two other values, the 1'. c. and 13 c.,
were also added to the set.
Just before the issue of these two new
values in 1919, a Postal Notification appeared
in the Press announcing various changes in
the postal tariff; and with these changes of
tariff, a revision of the colours of the stamps
was announced. At the same time, notice of
the issue of the two new values, viz. 1'.: c.
and 13 c., and the withdrawal of the 7 c. and
15 c. was given. The postal tariff certainly
was changed, the two new stamps were is-
sued, but the 7 c. and 15 c. were not with-
drawn, neither were the colours revised until
the 1923 issue (and then not all the changes
first announced took place).
One wonders why the Post Office issues
stamps as high in value as $10 or $20. The
reason for this is that the Post Office uses
these high-value stamps on money orders.
High-valued stamps have been seen postally
used but they must have been passed







R 0 S ROSSICA


through the post, overstamping some packet
many times over, with the sole purpose of
getting the stamp postmarked! The post offices
often postmark stamps to oblige collectors.
Fach stamp of the second issue measures
251 '.22,a m.m., and has a perforation ni 14,
141:. The stamps were printed in sheets
similar to the sheets of the first issue. In
1922, however, an experiment was made to
equalize the monetary value of the sheets of
stamps, by altering the number of stamps to
a sheet, and by inserting blanks to make the
sheets regular in shape. The experimental
sheets were issued to the public, hut the
experiment \\as not a success, and it was
discontinued as soon a- the sheets were used
up.
The greatest difficulty is experienced in
completing this set in nccourt of the varia-
tions in the paper. The foilk ing papers have
been seen:


(a) 3

(c) 5
(d) '-


(e) $1


c.-S201 on thin white wove paper,
c.-$20 on thick white wove paper.
c.-$2 on thick smooth Chinese
paper.
c.-$2 on thick chalky, rough-sur.
faced Chinese paper. Stamps
printed on this paper have a
blurred appearance especi-
ally the 4 c., red.
-$10 on a thin greyish blue paper.


As in the first issue, so in this second
issue distinct shades are to be found, but
they are not so pronounced. The variation in
shade is mostly due to the different absorbent
powers of the various papers used, so one
should differentiate between various paper
before attempting to discriminate between
the shades of colouring.
A very rare Chinese stamp is the $2 of
this set with it. arch-centre inverted. A
complete sheet (50 stamps) was printed in
error, and isi~ned at the post office of Tai-
yuen-lu. One of the lift was used on a money
order, and is in the hands of the Post Office:
the others are at lage.
This series was not issued as a complete
set; but as the corresponding values of the
first issue were used up, so the stamps of
this set were released. All values except the
1}' c. and 13 c. were issued sometime in 1915.
Postal activities extended to Chinese
Turkestan (the Chinese province of Sinkiang)
early in 1915. A special overprint (Type 6)*,
consisting of five Chinese characters meaning:
"Exclusively for Postal use in the New Dom-
inion," was prepared by the Postal Supply


Department at Shanghai, and sixteen deno-
minations of the 1915 issue of stamps were
overprinted; the values thus overprinted being
!_ c. to 1S; and all except the $1 stamp were
overprinted in black: the $1 stamp being
overprinted in red. This first overprint differs
from the second overprint in that the first
(top) Chinese character of the overprint is
slightlt out of alignment, to the left, with
the other four characters.
A rather rare error occurs in the overprint
of the $1 stamp of this issue. The second and
third characters became transposed on one of
the stamps on the sheet. This was nLticed
later and was rectified, but not until a good
few errors had been issued.
The second set of Chinese stamps over-
printed for use in Sinkiang was issued in
1917. The same stamps and the same over-
print were used, but this time the first
character falls in line with the other four
(Type 7)*. The whole set was overprinted, and
later, in 1919, the new 1.l c. and 13 c. were
also overprinted. The }i c to 50 c. stamps
were overprinted in black, and the $1 to $20
stamps in red. The preparing of the second
overprint and the printing were done by the
Chinese Bureau of Printing and Engraving at
Pekin.
An error occurs in the surcharge of the
20 c. stamp, the overprint being broken, the
bottom one and a half characters being mis-
sing entirely.
All values, except the two highest, of
this issue were perforated with the outlines
of four Chinese characters being for official
use. These perforated characters may be found
inverted or reversed. (See M. I., August,
1926 and April, 1927.)
When Yuan Shih-k'ai called together the
first National Assembly, he was elected the
first President of the Republic. He announced
that the Empire would be proclaimed on the
1st of January, 1916.
To commemorate this great event Yuan
ordered a set of three stamps to be prepared
and printed. They were to be issued on the
day of his coronation. Yuan, however, never
came to the throne, so these stamps were not
issued to the public for postal use. The stamps
were, however, surcharged in black with the
word "specimen," and sold to the public (at
face value) as curiosities. The stamps were
engraved and printed by the Chinese Bureau of
Engraving and Printing at Peking. Each sheet
comprised 100 stamps. Each stamp measured







ROS S I C A


254X34 m.m. and had a perforation of 14.
The printing was done on white wove paper.
The values, colours and designs of the stamps
were:
5 c., red. Gate of Chien Men at Pekin.
10 c., blue. Gate of Tien An Men at Pekin.


* Type
t
S,,
,,

l
*


equale Stanley Gibbons'
i, ,t ,


PART II.
Chinese history records many famines,
especially in the North of China, near the
Huang Ho or Yellow River. But the books of
history have never recorded such a famine as
that which occurred in 1919-21, during which
time over ten million lives were lost! Every
society, guild and association in China raised
funds for the succour of the needy in the
famine-ravished districts, and the Post Office
helped in this good work by the issue in 1920
of three specially surcharged stamps. The
stamps used were the 2 c., 4 c. and 6 c. of
the 1915 issue, surcharged to the new postal
values of 1 c., 3 c. and 5 c. These stamps
were sold at their original face values, but
could only be used at their sucharged value
for prepaying postal matter. Thus 1 c. was
contributed by every surcharged stamp used.
On the 20-th March, 1921, there appeared
four Commemorative stamps, commemorating
the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the issuing of
the Imperial Edict recognizing the Post Office
as a national institution (Type 8)*. The stamps
bear the portraits of H. E. President Hau
Shih-chang, H. E. Chin Young-peng, the ex-
Premier, and Yeh Kung-cho, the Minister of
Communications, the values being 1 c., 3 c.,
6 c. and 10 c.
The stamps were engraved and printed
by the Chinese Bureau of Engraving and Prin-
ting at Pekin, in sheets of 100, on white wove
paper. Each stamp measured 26X34 m.m.
The paper was not watermarked, and the
stamps had a perforation of 14.
This set was also surcharged horizontally
in black, for use in Sinkiang. The 10 c., blue,


50 c., green. The Temple of Tai Ho Dien at
Pekin.
These "specimen" stamps may also be
seen overprinted for use in Sinkiang. These
stamps were never sent to Sinkiang, but were
sold with the others at Pekin.


Stamp Catalogue Type 42.
41.
S,, ,, 43.
,, ,, 44.
,, 45.
,, Sinkiang Type 1.
t, ,* ,, ,, 1 2.


thus overprinted is rare; two thousand copies
only were overprinted, as this value was little
used.
On the 1st of July, 1921, a direct aerial
service was inaugurated between Pekin and
Tsinan; it was, however, suspended on the 10th
of the same month, after an irregular service.
Later, a service was started between Pekin
and Pehtaiho, the summer resort. This service
operated intermittently until the close of the
summer season. A special set of five stamps
was prepared for the new Air service, but very
few of them were used for what they were
intended for. The values are 15 c., 30 c., 45
c., 60 c. and 90 c.
The design shows an aeroplane passing
over the Great Wall of China (Type 9)*. The
stamps were engraved and printed by the
Chinese Bureau of Engraving and Printing at
Pekin. The sheets, each consisting of 25
stamps, were printed on white wove paper,
each stamp measuring 31J4X41 mm. Perfora-
tion 12. No watermark.
A special obliterating chop was prepared
'and used on the mails taken on the first flight.
The chop was rectangular in shape and con-
sisted of twenty Chinese characters, which
meant: (the first Air-Mail delivery in the Re-
public of China.,
During 1922 the stock of 2 c. stamps sud-
denly ran out. The Post Office at that time
had rather a large number of 3 c. stamps in
stock, so they decided to surcharge a certain
quantity of the 3 c. stamps with a red sur-
charge, and to use them provisionally as 2 c.
stamps. This surcharging was done by the
Chinese Bureau of Engraving and Printing at
Pekin.







ROSSICA


Two slight errors may be found in the
surcharge. Both occur in the Chinese cha-
racter to the left of cCts., which is to be
found broken either at the left-hand side of
the oblong portion, or in the left Cleg.1
The third main general Republican issue
appeared in 1923. The designs of the stamps
are the same as those of the 1913 and 1915
issues. The stamps, however, were entirely
re-drawn and much of the detail omitted. The
following are the chief points of difference
between the 1915 issue and the re-dratin 1923
issue: In the 1' c. to lu c., the shading lines
of the arabesques and pearls above the top
of the Chinese inscription have been removed;
the waves in front of the junk have been
altered, and the water is made to appear
darker; and the inner shadings at the top and
along the sides of the picture have been cut
away. In the 13 c. to 50 c., the heads of rice
now have fine shading lines, instead of ap-
pearing as coarse dots: five pearls in a row
have been introduced each side of the Chinese
inscription: the arabesques above the inscrip-
tion have been altered: and the temple is
made to stand out much more clearly. In the
$1-$20, the centres are in colour, instead of
being printed in black: there are four instead
of eight vertical lines each side of the picture;
and the trees each side of the Pai-lou are now
bare of their foliage.
Many of the colours of the stamps were
revised (in accordance with the Postal Noti-
fication of 1919).
The stamps are unwatermarked, and are
perforated 14. The '- c. 50 c. were printed
in sheets of 200 stamps, and the $1-$20 in
sheets of 50. (The 1 c.. 4 c. and 10 c. were
issued in sheets of 140. the 2 c. in sheets of
160 stamps, and the 5 c. in sheets of 180, for
a short period only. These sheets however,
were marked off in rows of twos, so it is pre-
sumed that these stamps were printed to make
up into booklets, but were issued to various
post offices in error.)
The $5, $10 and $20 stamps were with-
drawn in July, 1925. At the same time, the
Post Office issued a new set of stamps for
use on money orders only, the denominations
being 1, 2. 5, 10, 20, 50 c., $1, $2. $5, $10,
$20 and $50. The colours are the same as
those of the ordinary stamps (the $50 being
grey), the design being a pagoda. These stamps,
however, are not on sale to the public.
In 1926 the colour of the 4 c. stamp was
changed from grey to bronze-green. At the
same time the paper seems to have been


changed from smooth surfaced wove paper
to a chalky paper that tends to absorb the
ink. Thus the new paper of the 2 c. green
stamp has a yellow tinge, and the paper of
the 10 c. blue stamp has a bluish tinge. The
re-drawing of the designs and the printing
were done by the Chinese Bureau of Engraving
and Printing at Pekin.
The complete issue was overprinted for
use in Sinkiang, with the same surcharge as
used in 1917 The set, up to $5, was also pun-
ched with the four Chinese characters for of-
ficial use. In 1926 the new 4 c. bronze-green
stamps were overprinted, and replaced the 4
c. grey stamps as they were used up.
In 1923 a Commemorative issue appeared,
commemorating the tenth year of the Repu-
blic, the design being a reproduction of the
Temple of Heaven (Type 10).* The set com-
prised four stamps, I c., 3 c., 4 c. and 10 c.
Each stamp measures 28x34 mm., the per-
foration being 14, 14'. Each sheet, compo-
sed of 100 stamps, was printed on wove
paper. The Chinese Bureau of Engraving and
Printing was responsible for the engraving
and printing.
The four stamps were also surcharged for
use in Sinkiang. This surcharge is easily mis-
sed, three of the Chinese characters being
down one side of the stamp, the other two
down the other side, the characters being
smaller than those usually used on the Sin-
kiang surcharge.
During 1923 the Postal tariff was again
altered. Under the old tariff the 4 c. stamp
had been greatly used, so the stock of these
stamps was large. However, under the new
tariff the 3 c. stamp was in great demand.
To rid themselves of their large stock 4 c.
scamps the Post Office had them surcharged
in red, reducing their value to 3 c. The stamps
were surcharged by the Chinese Bureau of
Engraving and Printing in sheets of 200 and
120. The surcharge is to be found inverted;
and the top bar of the Chinese character at
left of cCts.S is missing on one stamp in the
sheet of 200. (This error was corrected later).

Postage due stamps.
With the first general issue of Republican
stamps issued in 1913, a set of eight Postage
Due stamps was also issued. Their design
(Type 11)* is ornamental, and they were all
printed in blue. The values of the stamps are:
}, c., 1 c., 2 c., 4 c., 5 c., 10 c?, 20 c., 30 c.
They were engraved and printed by Messrs.








ROSSICA


Waterlow & Sons, London. The stamps mea-
sured 17x25 mm., and were perforated 14.
The paper was thick wove, unwatermarked.
In 1915, when the Post Office decided to
print the stamps in China, a new issue of
these Postage Due stamps appeared. The sta-
mps were identical with those of the first is-
sue, except that the perforation was changed
to 14, 14w, and the paper was much thinner.*)
The printing of this second issue of Postage


Due stamps was done by the Chinese Bureau
of Engraving and Printing at Pekin. In each
of these two issues the stamps were printed
in sheets of 200 stamps, divided off into
panes of 25 stamps.
On the -15th of November, 1925, the sup-
ply of Postage Due stamps at Hankow ran
out, and for five days ordinary postage sta-
mps, handstruck with one of three wooden
chops, were used as Postage Due stamps.


CANCELLED

Tmf ffi


PAID


The three chops (Types 12 to 14) were
very roughly made, and the marks they leave
on the stamps may easily be mistaken for
ordinary postmarks.

Fiscal stamps.


Ii
16


During 1919, the Post Office issued .two
stamps overprinted perpendicularly in Chinese
for Exclusive use of the Savings Bank
(Type 15). The stamps thus overprinted were
the 5 c. and 10 c. of the 1915 general issue.
They were sold to savers to stick on the
special forms issued by the Post Office, much
in the same way as the British Post Office
Savings Bank issues forms on which to stick
penny stamps. When the form is filled up
*This is not quite correct. Differences between
the designs of the two issues were described in the M. J.
for January, 1924 Eds. M. J. (Stanley Gibbons' Monthly
Journal.


with stamps, it is taken to the post office,
and a sum of money, equal to the value of
the stamps on the form, is credited to the ac-
count. The overprint was in red.
In 1920, these Savings Bank stamps were
also overprinted horizontally with two Chinese
characters (Type 16). These stamps served the
same purpose as those of the 1919 issue, but
they were only for use in the province of
Kwang-tung.
In 1921 a series of eight Famine Relief
stamps superseded the issue of 1920. The 1920
issue of stamps had a franking value, but
this new issue had none. The design of the
stamps shows wild geese in flight on the
shores of the river Hwang Ho.
In 1913 there appeared a series of five
Revenue stamps, the design being the new
Republican flag flying from one of the towers
of the Great Wall of China.
These stamps are often stamped by the
local post offices, with hand-stamps indicating
the province, and in some cases the town, in
which the stamp was sold.
Many other Fiscal stamps have been is-
sued in China since 1913, and the Commission
of Taxes is responsible for the issue of most
of them. Many of these Fiscals are Tobacco
and Opium Tax stamps.


* Type 8 equals
9
10
11


Stanley Gibbons'


Stamp Catalogue


Type 48.
47.
53.
D4.


I,1







RO S S I C A


Australian Commlonwealth
Bt. A'i, L. '/..'o.sr (Siag,'ai).


The 2nd A.T.F. series has proven to be a
much sought after set throughout the philatelic
world. As the intention of the set was for
use between members of the 2nd A.I.F. and
their families, and as each of the higher
values had a fixed purpose, they are rather
scarce, particularly the 6d, in fine used condi-
tion. Tiuese stamps were on sale throughout
the Commonwealth for three months only and
for this short period some of the postmnasters
found it impossible to keep supplies of the 6d
on hand. It is to be assumed that at least
eighty per cent of the 6d value used on
parcels, 6d being the basic parcel rate, to
England and the Middle East. were destroyed.
Here in Shanghai fine used copies of
both the 3d and 6d are very scarce. Of the
6d, not more than ten good copies have been
seen by the author. This excludes first day
covers. Most copies on the local market have
air-mail cancellations which shTws personal
mail instead of business mail and probably
explains the shortage of good copies. The good
ones being kept by the recipient.
Of interest to specialists is the fact that
the two lower values Id and 2.1. are available
in two printings. The first on "Chalk-surfaced"'
paper and the second on art paper. The first
printing can always he distinguished by
drawing a silver coin cross the face ot the
stamp. If a pencil like mark is left, it is the
first printing. The second printing was avail-
able to the public within fifteen days of
release of the set, but there is n:- apparent
shortage of the first printing as yet.
There are quite a njmbr of minor varie-
ties that are constant so are also collectable
These include hairlines. all values, heavy and
light on tne face and margin of the stamps.
Id, broken badge on airmans blouse, one wing
missing. The 3d has quite a number of flaws
caused by the ink stripping from the face of
the stamp as the printing plate was removed.
These flaws appear principally around the
level of the nurse's shoulders. Of the 6d there
is one shade deep brown, that is quite scarce.
The variety considered as a major one is the
"Broken Rifle" which occurs on the Id. The
butt of the soldier's rifle has a solid, deep
green, oval shaped flaw attached and this
gives it a distorted appearance.
This set is the first to he printed by the
new Commonwealth note and stamp printer:
Mr. W. C. G. McCracken. and the imprint
bears his name. They were printed eighty
stamps to the sheet.


With the ecexption of the 3d value the
current Australian series has had very few
varieties of interest to specialists. This 3d is
available in three dies and live distinct
printings. Die 1. one printing. Die 2, three
printings; first two printings on heavy surfaced
paper and the third printing on thin paper,
giving the -tamp a Inich deeper blue ap-
pearance. Die :j, one printing, on same paper
as third printing of Die 2, and can easily be
distinguished by tte ornaments on the collar
and the hair outlines. Both are much clearer
and hi-avier in tihe Die 3. Although this new
Die was first printed in Nnvenmrer it bears
the John Ash imprint. sio it must have been
prepared by Mlr. A-.h b-fore he retired.
Due to tlie evacuation .it Amiencan fani-
lies from the Orient last year, some rather
unusual co.ers appeared in Shanghai. I have
one franked with the 5' Monrore stump of the
United States, and cancelled Thursday Island,
Queensland. It is the only casethat has come
to my attention recently where ihe stamps of
oie country have been given postal privileges
in another withutir being taxed or without
hostage due beinr collected upon delivery.
in all I rccei ed the above cover, several
from Malnila, Sydney. Fiji New Zealand and
Samoa In the event anyone wants a complete
postal history of the 194-1 evacuation of
Shan'iai it .'an b. derived from the above.
Of further interest tri specialists of Austra-
lian Commonwealth issues was the founding
of a new Society, The Commnonwealth Speci-
alisti a,,d Philat;lieStationery Collectors Club.
in Sydney lasr May. The objective of this
Society for the next year or two is the
compilation of a new specialist handbook.
Included in this book will be quite a number
or mnier printing and plate varieties at pre-
sent unlisted. Any specialist of Commonwealth
issues who miIht have information for the
above Society, or want information concerning
it. may write to Mr. C. E. Kreutzmann, 503
Willoughby R-oat. Willoughby. N.S.W. Australia.
Information from Mr. Franklin Burchett's
column in the Australian Stamp Monthly
s'lows my parj.raph concerning the 3d George
the 6th stamps wrong in one particular insta-
ce. The original plates. Die 1, were retouched
and this printing is classed Dia lA. Very soon
thereafter a new set of plates were prepared,
these being Die 2. The first printing of Die 2
was on surfacf-d. the second on unsurfaced.
paper. The new Die 3 is printed on unsurfaced
paper only.







R OSSICA


A Further Note on the Official Stamps of Eastern Turkestan.
*By Gordon A. Claylon (Shanghai).


An extremely interesting article appeared
recently in the Monthly Journal (September,
1925) on cThe Official Stamps of Eastern Tur-
kestan>. The writer tells of his having dis-
covered in a Polish boy's collection of stamps
a 1 cent, orange, Chinese Republican stamp
(Pekin printing) with the first Turkestan
overprint, that had been punched with four
Chinese characters. A facsimile of the pun-
ching with the corresponding Chinese chara-
cters was reproduced with the article. These
characters literally translated read: cPublic
Civil-officials affix use'; but the writer of that
article translates the characters in freer Eng-
lish as: cStamps used by Civil Officialsp.
Since reading the above-mentioned article
there have come into my hands, among other
stamps received from China, five stamps each
perforated with this punching. They are the
following: -
(a) 8 cents, orange brown 1915 Pekin
printed Republican stamp, with the
first Turkestan overprint.
(b) 10 cents, deep blue 1915 Pekin printed
Republican stamp, with the first
Turkestan overprint.
(c) 16 cents, olive, 1915 Pekin printed
Republican stamp, with the first
Turkestan overprint.
(d) 20 cents, lake, 1915 Pekin printed
Republican stamp, with the first
Turkestan overprint.


(e) 2 dollars, blue border, brown centred,
new type Republican stamp, with se-
cond Turkestan overprint.
All the above stamps are postally used.
But the point of interest about these
stamps is that they have not all been inserted
in the punching machine in the same way. Of
the above five stamps (b) and caree punched
in the same way as the 1 cent, orange; that
is, so that the characters are to be read from
the back of the stamps. But the other three
stamps were punched so that the characters
are to be read from the front of the stamps.
I would suggest that the Chinese official
responsible for the punching of the characters
on these stamps did not issue any instructions
to the man who did the work as to which side
he was to punch from; so, in my opinion, it is
a matter of printer's-luck as to which side of
the stamp one finds the characters readable.
The punching of the Chinese characters
on the 2 dollar stamp is very defective. In
the first place the punching is not central;
and, in the second place, the punching-ma-
chine has omitted several dots on the chara-
cters, meaning Although I'have no proofs to tender it is
my opinion that these stamps were punched
at Pekin, and not in the province where they
were to be used.
August, 1926.


Yun-Nan Province Surcharge.
yl Gi& S iT P1
By Gordon A. Clayton (Shanghai).


Some time ago there came into my hands
a pair of 2 cents (green), and two single 4
cents (bronze-green) stamps, of the 1922 ge-
neral issue, that had been surcharged horizon-
tally in black with the five Chinese characters
reproduced above, a literal translation of these
characters being uses, which being translated from the Chinese
idiom means

Province.> Until very recently Yun-nan was
using the same stamps as the rest of China.
Why, then, this sudden change?
Inquiries have revealed a very interesting
state of affairs. Many of the Chinese pro-
vinces mint their own money. There is a
standard to which each Mint ought to conform,
but in practice the money minted at the
various Mints varies to a very remarkable


* This original article was written long ago but first time is publishing. Ed.


_~







RO S S I C A


degree. The percentage of silver in a dollar,
which ought to stand at 87, has been known
to fall below S5. Thus the dollar of any par-
ticular province not only varies in value from
the dollar of any other province, but it also
varies from itself from time to time!
Uprisings, earthquakes, famines and floods
seem to be the all-important factors of these
fluctuations in value. Thus we find that the
unrest in the South of China, combined with
a bad famine in 1925, has told very heavily
on the silver currency of Yun-nan. So
great was the fall in value of the Yun-nan
dollar, that towards the end of 1926 it was
worth only a fraction of the Northern provin-
ce's dollar.
Certain asharps Chinese saw. in this state


of affairs, a good opportunity to reap a small
fortune. They set to work and systematically
bought stamps in bulk from Yun-nan post
offices-paying for them with Yun-nan dollars.
The stamps were sent up North, where they
were sold-the buyers paying for them in Nor-
thern dollars! A very paying game for those
Chinese concerned, but they reckoned without
the Post Office. The sharp practice was soon
discovered, and a stop was put to it by having
those stamps destined to be used in Yun-nan
so surcharged that they could not be used
elsewhere. I am informed that the whole set
to $2 has been surcharged in this way.
China is a land of many surprises, audit
would be hard to imagine a more curious state
of affairs than that set out above.


From Our Own Correspondent.
(Cont. from A'o. 42).


Netherlands East Indies.
The current issue 1934 Ricefield and large
Queen's head is being replaced by a new
series, similar in type to the 1940 Holland
issue (with Queen's head) but with the words
,'Ned. Indie" at the top, instead of "Neder-
land". This new series is printed in Java and
when I was there in March, the l0cts and
80cts had already been issued.
Many values of the 1934 issue were still
on sale at the Post Offices, some with and
some without watermark: for instance, the [I
1.75 green, no wmk, was on sale again but
many other values, such as the 80cts and fl 2
(with wmk) were no longer obtainable. It is
likely that someoi the values with watermark
will show a considerable increase in price in
catalogues, even in used condition. The 50 cts
grey-black, with watermark, has never been
on sale in Post Offices in the Indies as stocks
of this value were still in Holland, where
they were printed, when that country was
invaded. It is believed however, that part of
the stock at least was sold in Holland by the
special philatelic counters in certain post
offices and as a result, speculation in this
stamps is rife.
The 12,5 cts of the 1934 issue (Queen's
head-orange) had been surcharged "10+5 ct"
in black, with a small cross at the right top.
The surcharge of 5 cts was for the benefit of


the Red Cross. This stamp was on sale for a
short time only until the middle of December.
A rare variety is a "dot" behind the "ct"!
I met many keen collectors in Java, in
fact, it is surprising to notehow many people
one meets while travelling do collect stamps
more or less seriously, and I also found a few
very helpful dealers. Interest centres mainly
around the stamps of the Netherlands and its
colonies, as well as European stamps. Present
currency and correspondence restrictions do
not make it easy to maintain exchange rela-
tions with the Indies. There is very little
interest in Chinese stamps and the present
flood of seemingly unnecessary issues is not
likely to help to stimulate interest.
Dutch East Indies:
Since writing the above information has
been received to the effect that the 50 cts,
fI 1 and fl 2 values of the new issue have
also appeared, and that the 10 cts value
has been issued in two perforations, viz
12)> and 13%.
It is also reported that on the 10th May,
the anniversary of the German attack on the
Netherlands, a commemorative issue consist-
ing of three stamps would be available, the
face value of which would be fl 1.15 and the
official selling price fl 2.30, the extra cost
going to the War (Bombers) Fund.







R O S S I C A


Australia.
Here I found much activity in the phil-
atelic world and even in a small mountain
resort I managed to find, through the introduc-
tion of the local Postmaster a kind friend who
helped me to several attractive Australian
and South Pacific stamps of recent issue. In
Sydney I purchased a copy of the "Australian
Stamp Monthly" at a bookstall and as a result
I was ablo to get into touch with the Secret-
ary of the Philatelic Society as well as with
a few well stocked and most obliging dealers.
Interest here is mainly in the stamps of South
Pacific countries but there is a society of
specialists in various countries, including
China.
I was able to purchase a 2 Australian
stamp (Kangaroo) at the Sydney Post Office
although this stamp is already quoted at 85/-
(Austr. 5.6.3) in catalogues. I was unable
however to obtain a used copy of the 1
current issue (with King and Queen) and was


informed by dealers that they have a long
waiting list for this stamp, used.
Some useful special catalogues of Aust-
talian stamps exist, which are indispensable
ro serious collectors. Needless to say, such
catalogues give much detail of varieties,
errors, etc., which are known to exist and
which are of interest to collectors who wish
to specialise and this merely confirms what
is being done for the sake of "specialists" in
the stamps of other countries, such as, for
instance, Switzerland (Zumstein's special cata-
logue), and Manchkoukuo (Schumann's cata-
logue) and it refutes the un-philatelic com-
ments raised even by people who profess to
be "stamp experts" against the inclusion of
all known varieties for the guidance of serious
collectors. In Java I came across a dealer
who feigned lack of interest in "varieties"
but who nevertheless carried a high priced
stock of such varieties!
J. V. s.


Notes on the Postal Services of China.
By Gordon A. Clayton (Shanghai).


When tracing the history of any postal
service it is often a good thing to go right
back to the Government Post in its crudest
form. The Assyrians and the Persians are said
to have had stations, a day's journey apart,
at which horses were kept ready saddled, with
waiting couriers, for the transmission of public
orders and edicts. The Arabs and the Egypt-
ians maintained extensive Government Posts:
and the Romans employed couriers for the
promulgation of military and public orders to
their scattered provinces, private letters being
sent by slaves, or by such opportunity as oc-
casion afforded. But China antedated the
earliest of these by a century or two, her
Government Postal Service having been institu-
ed during or before the Chou Dynasty (1122-
255 B. C.). This Postal Service, which was at
a later date called I Chan, was served by fo-
ot and mounted couriers. They had their
ramifications stretching like a net all over
the Empire, and, in 1682, even included Man-
churia and the Amur Province. The records
of the operation of this extensive system are
very scanty. The first mention of the word
'post" in Chinese literature is by Confucius
(551-479 B. C.) in a passage where he says:
"The influence of righteousness travels faster


than royal orders by stages and couriers."
After reading this one is apt to wonder whe-
ther or not I Chan was any use! But from
this time on we hear a great deal of it in
most writings. The Historical Records tell us
that a "feather attached to a letter indicated
urgency." In the Lu Wen Ti Chih T'u Hsu (the
Preface to the Geographical Atlas, by Lu Wen)
we find a list of the "postally served places
of the Han Dynasty" (206 B. C. -A. D. 23) -
and this list in considerable. We also learn
that, about A. D. 450, the script used in cor-
respondence was simplified in order to ac-
celerate the preparation of letters and docu.
ments to be sent through the post. Up to the
end of the Sui Dynasty (A. D. 589), the post
stations were under the control of a Post-
master-General (Chia Pu Lang Chung), who
was responsible for their upkeep under the
Board of War. It is stated in the Official
Records (Pai Kwan Chih) that during the reign
of the T'ang Line of Emperors (A. D. 618-905) the
Postmaster-General controlled all the postal
stages, of which there was "one every 30 li"
(10 miles). And that he had under his cont-
rol 1297 land lines, 360 water lines, and 86
lines connecting both land and water. Ac-
cording to that famous Venetian, Marco Polo,







SR0 S S I C A


there were, in the fourteenth century, 10,000
of these mail stations (chan), twenty-live
miles apart, throughout the Empire many
of them affording sumptuous accommodation
to travellers and that there were over 2001.00
horses engaged in the service. The mounted
couriers who carried the Imperial mails, gene-
rally in sealed caskets, could be recognized
from afar by a small yellow flag sewn to the
collar of their dress. It is interesting to note
that, not so many years ago, express couriers,
with their coats sealed to them, still rode,
day and night, the 800 miles to Lhasa, their
faces cracked by long exposure, their eyes
bloodshot and sunken! We also learn with
surprise that during the T'ang Dynasty a sort
of money order service was in operation a
forerunner of the present day postal order
system.
In 1876 there was instituted the Wen-pao
Chu (Despatch Office), an offshoot of the I
Chan. providing for transmission to Shanghai
of the despatches to the Chinese envoys to
foreign lands, and the transmission from that
port of the incoming despatches. In more
recent years the duties of this office dwindled
to the affixing of postage stamps to the official
covers for the Legations abroad! The work of
the I Chan was taken over, as we will see
later, by the Post Office in July, 1912, and
the Wen-pao departments, those of Kirin and
Hei-lung-kiang, were closed in 1914.
The use of the postal ser ice by the public
does not seem to antedate the time of tihe
Ming Emperor Yung Lo (A. D. 1402). It was
not, at any rate, fully organised and develop-
ed for public use before this time. At this
time it was usual for high officials to have
travelling with them an Adviser (Lao-fu-tzu).
These men not only acted as Advisers but
also as Correspondence Secretaries; it was due
mainly to these men that the private postal
companies-the Min-Chu-arose. The Lao-fu-tzu
were almost all natives of Shao-hing-fu in
Chinkiang, the seaport of which is Ningpo,
where most of the private companies first
took their rise, and which eventually became
the headquarters of all the private postal cor-
porations in the Empire. Although these com-
panies were in no way under official control,
they were most reliable, carrying drafts, money,
letters and parcels. The value of each packet
had to be indicated in writing on the packet.
and in the event of it being lost the Min-Chu
made the sum good! These letter firms were
at first usually connected with some bank or
merchant's establishment which had its own
correspondence to forward: for a consideration


they undertook to forward other people's let-
ters, and even write those letters; gradually
extending their postal operations to places
in the same direction as, but beyond the
limits of, their ordinary business. Gradually
these firms disentangled themselves from their
parent firms, and suon powerful ''letter-hongs"
developed, which the people loyally upheld.
These hongss" met the convenience of the
public in every way possible. They "maintain-
ed fast special services where they were
wanted, and contented themselves with slow
conveyances where economy was the first
object: keeping open until alter midnight
where-ever it was demanded by business
interests, and, most attractive in China. the:
made the addressee pay a portion of the
postage, usually one-half." The rates were
always moderate for the services rendered.
ranging from 2 cents to 20 cents, according
to the distance, value and urgency of the
package. When auick delivery was urgently
required, the sender would inscribe on the
cover a sum higher than usual to be paid by
the addressee on delivery. Urgency was also
indicated by burning a corner of the package,
or by enclosing a feather with the tip showing.
The Min-Chu served the people long and well.
but, trom the national standpoint, it had the
fatal defect that it only developed the pro-
litable routes, neglecting those that did riot
pay expenses. So, down through the centuries,
the I Chan and the Min-Chu continued to
operate, each in its o,vn way, to its own
people, giving fine service. The extension of
steam communication gradually rendered the
functions of the former obsolete. and gradually
encroached upon the latter's monopoly.
Late in the seventeenth century about
150 years after the Portuguese established
themselves in Macao a British settlement
began to spring up at Canton. This settlement
depended on the East-India Company's ships
for communication and supplies from the
homeland. Another 150 years passed before
political troubles drove the British from Cant-
on to Hongkong. Here the first real post
office was opened, in 1862, as a branch of
the G. P. 0., London. Subsequently, branches
of this oflice were opened at other large ports,
rendering great service to the foreign residents,
but none, or precious little, to the Chinese
people. Sone after this, in 1865 to be exact,
Shanghai opened a local post office issuing
a set of stamps for use, not only in Shanghai,
but also in all treaty ports, where branches of
the Shanghai Po-t Oflice were opened. Other
ports, not only seaports but also river-ports,








R OSSIC A


some followed Shanghai's example: and before
1874 we find that some twenty or thirty ports
-the most important of which are: Amoy,
Chefoo, Hankow, Chinkiang, Kieukiang and
Wuhu had opened post offices of their own.
Their usefulness to the Chinese was practically
nil, as they found it nearly impossible to
deliver letters to Chinese, even within the
limits of the town! Whereas the Min-Chu was
always able to do so, and did so in record
time.
Thus, in 1861, when Sir Robert Hart, the
Inspector-General of the Imperial Maritime
Customs, first mooted the idea of a National
Post, there were three distinct sources of op-
position. These were, first, the high officials,
who were dead against the suppression of the
I Chan: second, the commercial men, who
were opposed, for financial reasons, to the
compulsory closing of their longestablished
letter-hongs, in which opposition they had
the support of the ever-conservative Chinese
letter-writing people: and thirdly, the foreign
Post Offices would not hand over their mails
to what they thought would be an untrustwor-
thy and untried administration. To meet the
objections of the first two groups, it was
necessary that the new postal service should
he developed slowly along Chinese lines and,
until it had won the confidence of the people,
by Chinese methods only. To win foreign con-
fidence, it was necessary to inspire faith in
the strictness of the regulations. This double
obligation compelled the Government to adopt
for the Posts a system analogous to that
adopted by the Customs.
The transport of Legation Mails, which
was provided for under the Treaty of Tientsin
(1858), involved the use of couriers, between
Tientsin and Pekin, for nine months of the
year, and between Chinkiang and Pekin during
the three months of winter, when Tientsin
was ice-bound. The journey, which usually
took twelve days, was so unsafe that the
couriers had to be protected with an armed
guard. The Tsungli Yamen was held responsi-
ble for the upkeep of this guard. Later the
Tsungli Yamen found it convenient to
transfer the making up, conveying and distri-
buting of these mails to the Head Office of
the Imperial Customs, for a consideration.
This necessitated the formation of Postal De-
partments in the Customs Houses of Pekin,
Shanghai, Tientsin and Chinkiang. With this
small postal service established and working,
the larger project soon took definite shape.
By 1882 all parts north of Fukien had a
restricted service for foreign corresnndepoce.


In the year 1878 the Customs had inaugurated
the experiment of a Shu-hsin-kwan, or a
"Letter Office", for Chinese correspondence,
functioning alongside the Customs Post. And
it was in this year (1878) that the Customs
first issued a set of stamps: 1, 3 and 5
candarins.
It says much for the organisation and
efficience of this young service that, in 1878,
only a few months after the introduction of
her first stamps, China was formally invited
to join the International Postal Union. From
this time on the Inspector-General discussed
and finally took over the work of the British
and French Postal Agencies in China, and
also assumed the functions of the Shanghai
Municipal Post Office.
In the year 1893 the Government seems
to have consulted the opinions of the various
provincial officials as to the worth of the
new Postal Agency; but it was not until 20th
March, 1896 three years later than an
Imperial Decree appeared creating an Imperi-
al Post for all China, to be organised on
Western lines, under the management of Sir
Robert Hart, who then became Inspector-
General of Customs and Posts, subject to the
general supervision, at first, of the Tsungli
Yamen and, later-when the Tsungli Yame.n
was abolished under the Wai-wu Pu (the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs). On the establish-
ment of the Shui-wu Chu, as a separate
department of that Ministry, the direction of
the Customs and Postal affairs passed into
its control; and remained under its supervi-
sion until the separation of the Customs from
the Posts, in the third year of the Emperor
Hsuan T'ung (1911), when the Posts naturally
went under the Tu-ch'uan Pu (Ministry of
Posts and Communications)'.
Sir Robert Hart had no easy task. The
Imperial Decree granted him nothing. The I
Chan was not superseded; the operations of
the Min-Chu were not vetoed. The new Post
Office had no funds, and were granted none.
The I Chan was still entrusted with Gov-
ernment despatches, while the Min-Chu start-
ed out to fight this new and encroaching
institution. The foreign Postal Agencies were
not averse to handing over the task of col-
lecting and delivering mails in China, but
they jealously held on to their subsidized
mailsteamer services; and there was no means
of compelling foreign coast and river steamers
to receive the mails of the Chinese Post Office.
These difficulties were overcome in various
ways. The I Chan was ignored, and so outrival-






SROSSI CA


led that, as has already been said, it surrender-
ed its functions to the Post Office in 1912.
The letter-hongs were not so easily dealt with.
At first the Min-Chu and kindred firms were
encouraged by asking them to continue their
work as affiliated agents of the I. P.O. lor
the conveyance of mails to and from places
inland. Summoned to register, they at first
refused, but the monopoly ol steam-transport
by the Imperial Post Office compelled their
submission. They were tlien required to make
up "clubbed' mails, which were carried free
between treaty purrs, at half tariff rate bet-
ween other ports and on steam routes. and
at full rate alon' courier lines. In 1906 the
letter-hongs organised a strike, demanding free
transport of "clubbed' mails irrespective of
destination or distance. This strike did them
more harm than goid, as the Government
then ruled that the Min-Chu must pay the
set rates. An Imperial Decree was issued
proclaiming that Min-Chu packages discovered
being smuggled by steamers were liable to
seizure; and the offending steamer and let-
ter-hong were to be punished. Thus the
Government refused to sacrifice the growing
power and efficiency of the new Administra-
tion in order further to conciliate ancient
sanctions which were no longer of national
importance. The Inspector-General got over
the difficulty of the foreign ships plying
Chinese waters in a very ingenious fashion.
The Cisioms rule that no ship may unload
except between the hours of 6 a.m. and 6
p.m. except by "Special Permit." These cost
20 tls. per nig't. As the traffic became
heavier these "Special Permits" were used
more and more. The Inspector-General now
made an offer to refund hilf the special per-
mit fee to ships an 1 to tho.e steamer comn-
panies which would agree to transport the
Chinese Pbst Ofiice's mails and no others.
except those of the country whose flag they
carried. This offer cautiously advanced soon
had the desired effect. It was a good harsaain
for the various steamer companies at the time.
but within fifteen years it was a better bargain
for the Chinese Post Ofiice.
In 1906 the Tu-ch'ian Pu (Board of Posts
and Communications) was established, and.
from that time, it became evident that so-
oner or later the Postal Administration would
be brought under direct control of the Board.
Orderly preparations for the severance of
the Posts from the Ciitoms had begun long
before this, so when, on the 28th May, 1911-
the date fixed bv the Imrerial Decree-the
separation was definitely effected, the change


took place without any derangement of the
postal machinery or service. So well had Sir
Robert Hart and Monsieur Pity done their
work that, young though the Service was,
nothing could shake it. A good example of
this fact comes from Hankow, where during
the Revolution in October. 1911, twenty-seven
out of thirty-two box offices were destroyed
by fire, the employees moved into four house-
boats mored in the ri\er-in the absence of
their Postmaster-and carried on. But the
aftermath of the civil war period of localis-
ed rebellions, bandit activities, and famine-
was more protracted and more trying to the
nos aelf-relring Ser\ice than the short, sharp
season of revolution, so much so that many
thought that the Service would not be able
to hold together. The fact that it not only
held together, but took on itself added duties,
only shows how well its founders had done
their work.
In 1914 China formally entered the Postal
Union and, in consequence, had to undertake
new responsibilities in connection with Union
mails. Moukden, Tientsin, Shanghai, Canton,
Harbin, NManchouli, and other offices were
constituted Exchange Offices for these mails.
Special railway postal trains were established
on the Tierntsin-Pukow and the Pekin-Moukden
Railways. Then interruption came in the
shape of the European War. which caused
the postponement of the Postal Congress
which had been called to meet at Madrid,
at which the Postmaster.General had intended
to be present as one of China's official pleni-
potentiaries. Hstilities of the Great War
spread tou Ki~och,-,w leased territory (German),
disorganising the Tientsin-Pukow Railway
postal operations. The Siberian Railway was
closed to passengers and mails; steamers of
the P. & 0. C.P.R., M. M., and other lines
were wented by their respective Governments
- so mail connections became irregular and
uncertain. But in spite of these retarding
disturbances the Postal System in China grew
and became more perfect. The limiting weight
for parcels was raised from 3 to 5 kilos (1I
Ihs.) in 1916. and was again raised to 10
kilos (22 Ibs.) in 1919. In 1916 the domestic
parcel system was extended to far-off Sinkiang
(Chinese Turkestan). The following year saw
the same far-distant outpost introducing a
money order system. Advantage was taken of
each new trunk or branch railwny opened to
traffic, and rf every kind of craft afloat, to
expedite mail transmission. In 1919 a system
of steamer-subhidies for transmission of mails
was adopted in place of the time-honoured







R 0 S sI C .A


system of refunding "Customs Special Permits";
and under this new system the amounts paid
for transport were in direct proportion to the
weights of mails carried. Agreements with
most "Union" countries for exchange of
parcels, insured letters, and of money orders
followed in quick succession.
It is impossible to say how much the
National Post has affected the development
and unifying of the Chinese as a nation. That
it has done so it is impossible to gainsay.
There was a time, in the early days of its
career, when the Chinese name of the Post


Office-Yu Cheng Chu-was uttered in derision.
Those days are now long passed. The institu-
tion has gone from strength to strength and
is now popularly recognized not only as the
servant of the people, but as the
Bond of the scattered family,
Enlarger of the common life,
Carrier of nev, s and knowledge,
Instrument of Trade and Industry,
Promoter of mutual acquaintance,
Of peace and goodwill among men and
nations.


ALBANIA
(First issues by L. A. Ch-in from Russian).


The following article was first publish-
ed in the magazine ,,ROSSICA" in 1932,
in Russian. The author, Mr. Arkhangel-
sky, head of the ,,Rossica", has taken five
years to complie the data, and has even
undertaken a hazardous expedition to
Scutari to verify all the facts about the
first issues of the Albanian stamps.
This article is most interesting as it
gives more information about these stamps
than has ever been published in any
philatelic periodicals. Further, it will be
noted that the first two issues described
are not given in either the ,,Scott" or the
,,Yvert" stamp catalogues.
ISSUE I
,,Albania" has begun its philatelic ex-
istence during the Balkan wars in 1913,
when the first issue of independent stamps,
consisting of 2.443 pieces of stamps of one
design, was made on May 5th. These
stamps were printed in Rome on paper
then used for official envelopes, which
were of various colours, and were sold at
one piastre each at the post offices of the
following cities: Valona, Berat, Liuchinia,
Scrapar, Elbasana, Tirana, Croya, Kukesh,
Cavela, Alessio, Pekip, Shiak and Fier.
The design consisted of two concentric
circles, diameter of the outside one being
3S mm., with the following inscription in
black on the outside and along the cir-
cumference of the inner circle: ,,Minis-
teria e postteleg. e telefonevent". In the
center of the stamp is a heraldic shield
with a double headed eagle representing
the official seal of the Albanian ministry


of post offices. The stamps were cut out
in quadrangles, but there are some which
were cut out along the circumference of
the outer circle, the latter being rare.
The stamps were used from May 5th, 1913
to July 30th, 1913.
ISSUE II
Next issue was made on June 1. 1913.
consisting of 2,433 pieces of stamps of one
design, differing from the first issue in
that the inscription between the circles
read: .,Postate e Qeverries se Perko-
heshme" and in the center was: .te Sh-
qipenies". These stamps were printed
with the use of a rubber stamp with no
value shown, but they were sold at the
post offices at one grosh piastree) each.
The stamps were imperforate and. were
cut out along the circumference of the
outer circle, however a small quantity
were cut out in quadrangles. On October
14. 1913, 800 pieces of these stamps were
perforated with the use of a sewing
machine. There exist similar stamps
printed in brown colour, which typical
forgeries.
These stamps were sold at the post
offices from June 1, to 30, 1913.

ISSUE Ill
Third issue was made on June 16,
1913, and is the most interesting of all
the early issues of the Albanian stamps.
After the Balkan war, while the Greek,
1lontenegrin and Serbian forces were being
withdrawn from Albania, Albanian Go-
vernment issued a circular requiring all






R O S S I C A


Remaining Turkish stamps to be sent in
to the general post office at Valona to be
surcharged and subsequently issued for
use as Albanian stamps For this purpose
the government have ordered one die from
Naples, which, owing to the ruptured
communications and disorder created by
the numerous robber bands then swarm-
ing the country, did not arrive until 3':
months later.
The surcharging was carried out by
hand at Valona and took 3 months to
surcharge 37,000 stamps. Due to such a
considerable time taken to complete the
surcharging the colour of the ink used
varied owing to addition of new ink to the
old, hence most of the surcharges ap-
peared in black and grey-black, however,


2 para

5 para

10 para

20 para



1 piastre


2 piastre


piastre
,,
,i
,,


some were in blue, red,and violet of various
shades. The workmen were surcharging
two or three stamps with one application
of ink, so on 3 specimens in a row, 2 may
appear heavily surcharged, while one very
faintly, and almost scarcely legible, and
at time only one half of the eagle visible.
The Turkish Government did not re-
cognize these stamps and all mail bearing
these stamps received in Turkey was
charged double postage dues.
The surchage was in the form of a
double headed eagle with the word
,,Shqipenia" written under in semi-circle.
Complete issue consisted of 11 stamps,
as follows:


1911 Olive-green
a. Inverted surcharge
1909 Brown
a. Inverted surcharge
Green
a. Inverted surcharge
Rose
a. Inverted surcharge
b. Word ..Shqipenia"
missed.
Light Blue
a. Inverted surcharge
b. Double surcharge
,, Blue-black
a. Inverted surcharge
Dark-Brown
Slate-purple
Scarlet
Green
Orange-brown


1,909 pcs.

1.983 .,


4,252

11.607


11,375 ,


3,758

1,137
650
241
35
16


Beside the above, the following stamps
were also surcharged: 2 para stamp used
for printed matter.
1908 Issue 5, 10 and 20 para, and 1 and
2 piastre (10 copies)
,,B" (Behie) stamps of 10 and 20 para,
and 1 and 2 piastre. Varieties: Double sur-
charge on 10 and 20 para.
Postage due stamps of 1909 of 1 piastre
(345 pieces surcharge in red) and 2 piastre
(2 pcs. surcharge in black)
2,490 pcs. open covers of 20 para value.
As the quantity of 10 parn stamps
surcharged was very small, it was quickly
sold out and 1,440 pieces 20 para stamps
were surcharged with the new value of 10


para. Also 210 pieces 5 plara stamps were
surcharged with 2 parn. Errors: ,.11" para
instead of ,.10" para, and inverted ,,10".
It is necessary to note that in No-
vember 1913, Albanian Government made
a special issue about 100 pcs. of each
value) of stamps with same surcharge on
19 values: 2. 2 on 5, 5, 10. 10 on 20 and
20 para, 1 2. 21". 5, 10, 25 and 50 piastre;
,,Behie" 10 and 20 para, 1 and 2 piastre;
postage due stamps of 1 and 2 piastre.
These stamps were cancelled (June to July
1913 date) by some obliging post office
clerks for American stamp dealers. These
stamps differ from the original issue in
that the surcharges are very heavy and
very often the ink penetrated through
the stamp.


,I







ROSSICA -


CHINA

Hongkong Print Stamps 1941: Also Addition and Correction.
By L. N H. .1 Jmber of Rossica.

(Continued from "Rossica" No. 41 and No. 4').


a. Die "2" Sun Yat Sen stamps perf. 12%,
unwatermarked paper.
No. 6a 3 cts. brown-red.
No. 7 10 cts. green. No. 35 E-25 cts.
Lilac.
b.: Martyr stamps on watermarked paper:
No. 38 A 2 cts. light blue.
No. 43 B 25 cts. lilac.
No. 34 aa 2 cts. light blue.
c. Air Mail stamps unwatermarked paper.
No. 48a 25 cts. orange.
No. 49aa 30 cts. vermilion.
d. Sun Yat Sen stamps overprinted: "for use
in Sinkiang Province".
No. 62a on No. 7a 5 cts. olive.
The $20 stamp exists also with top bar
intersected (No. 27 variety).
New York Print stamps 1941.
Dr. Sun Yat Sen stamps (fourth Series).


97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110


c2 t. grey brown.
1 ,, orange.
2 cts. ultramarine.
5 ,, green.
8 ,red-orange.
8 ,blue-green.
10 ,, light green.
17 ,, grey-olive.
25 ,, purple.
30 ,, red.
50 blue.
$1.00 brown centre black.
$2.00 blue ,,
$5.00 red ,,


No. 111 $10.00 green centre black.
No. 112 $20.00 vinE-red ,, ,,

Additional notes and correction on "3 on
5 cts" overprints as described in No. 42 of
"Rossica".
Szechuen Province: No. 84 in black on stamp
No. 21 (unwmkd, 14% perf. Dah
Tung print.)
Hunan Province: No. 86 in black on stamp
No. 28 (wmkd. 14Y4 perf., green
Dah Tung print.)


Fig. 4 shows the surcharge on
stamp No. 85. Tne one on No. 86
is slightly different, especially
the figure "3" is somewhat
shorter. There were only 2 stamps
overprinted in this province.
Kansu Province: Stamps Nos. 93 to 96 have
variable figure"3"of the surcharge.
The characters are also different.
Some people recognize ouly 3
different types of this surcharge
as only one type has markedly
small figure '3", the others being
about the same.
One inverted surcharge was dis-
covered in a sheat of one of these
overprints--with the large figure
**1".
Kiangse Province: No. 89 in black on stamp
No. 21 (unwmkd. 14' perf, olive,
Dah Tung print.)
No. 91a in black on stamp No. 21
(uinwmkd. double "fen"l The
"double Fen" error exists on both
the green and the olive stamp,
the latter being more expensive.
The 129th, l12nd, and 171st olive
stamps have wider or narrower
horizontal distance between the
bottom and top characters, than
the standard distance. This error
exists on sheets which do, not
contain the "double fen" error
and vice-versa.
The existence of cancelled forged over-
prints leads us to know that the reduction of
the face value of a stamp is not considered
by the postal authorities as a crime.
The overprints of all the provinces could
be used in Shanghai for franking the mail,
also the forgeries.
The following stamps were sold at the
Shanghai post office as samples of genuine
overprints:
Nos. 75 to 79, 80, 83. 85, 86, 89, 90, 96.
Stamp No. 60 overprint 4 cts on 5 cts
olive stamp, was discovered with the lower







R O S S I C


left character "fen" replaced by the character
"tso" so that there are two "tso" characters
at the bottom.
This error is not found on sheets printed
in Shanghei but only on those coming from
other provinces.
No. 60a 4 cls. on 5 cts. in red -
double "tso".


Addition:


AIR MAIL STAMPS:


No. 49
No. 49
No. 49


60 cts. blue
90 cts. olive
1.00 cts. light green


on unwatermarked paper
Jo. 49 BB 60 cts. blue
4o. 49 CC 90 cts. olive
4o. 49 DD 1.00 cts. light green
4o. 49 F 2.01 cis. lignt brown
Jo. 50 A 5.00 cts. wine red


on watermarked paper
No. 49aA 45 cts. violet.


New Issues.
(Continued from No 42 ROSSICA).
ROVIET RUSSIA for 1941.


1. Defence set has been issued in com-
memoration of the 23rd anniversary of the
Red army and Red Navy of USSR.
Denominations of the stamps are of
5, 10, 15, 20. 30, 45, and 50 kop. and 1
Trouble unwtmk. 13'1 x 13'_ perforation and
plain paper.
5 kop-Lilas dark, 10 ultramarine, 15-light-
grey, 20-carmin, 30-sepia, 44-olive-green, 50-
blue, snd one rouble-bluish-green.
2. Two stamps of 30 and 45 kop. in
denomination have been issued in commemr-
ration of the 500th anniversary of the birth
of Uzbekian poet and scientist Alisher Navoi.
3. Regular Stamp of 30 kop. in value
(Gibbons 555, Michel 374, Senf 383, Scott 424,
Yvert 433, Zumstein 368) has been issued on
the unwatermark paper.
4. Fieldmarshal. Generalissimo, A. V. Suvo-
roff: The set has been issued in commemora-
tion of 150th anniversary of taking by storm
by Russian troops of the impreguahle Turkish
Fortress Izmail on the Danube. Fieldmarshal
Suvoroff was Commander in Chief of the
Russian troops.
The stamps are in denomination of 10,
15 and 30 kop. and 1 rouble.
10 and 15 knp. stamps represent "Taking
Izmail by storm in the foreground Major-
General Suvoroff".
The above dates of the anniversary and
the inscription taking of Izmail, below the
denomination of the postage stamp and Suvo-
rov's motto "Death flees from the swards and
bayonets of the brave".


30 kop. and one rouble Portrait of the
famous Strategist and Fieldmarshal A. V.
Suvorov.


4. In
niversary
Republic


commemoration of the 15th an-
of the Kirghian Soviet Socialist
(tw t \alue at 5 and 30 kop.).


5. In commemoration of Proff. N. E.
Zhukovckv, who is known as a father of
Russian aviation.
15 kop. stamp with the portrait of Prof.
Zhukovcky. In the background airplanes, at
foot of the stamps one of the first propellers
designed by the Professor.
30 kop. stamp with a view of Military
Air Academy, which now bears "Zhukovsky's
name".
50 kop. Professor is lecturing on the
black-board formula on aerodynamics. N. E.
Zhukovcky was born on the 17th Jan. 1847
and died on the 17th March 1921. A graduate
of the Moskow university N. E. Z. won world
wide recognition as a scientist. He has been
an author of over 180 scientific Papers, trea-
ties and courses of lectures on hydro and
aerodynamics and mechanics. N. E. Zhukov\L k
is considered to be one of the creators of
contemporary aeromechanics and was known
as a "Father of the Russian Aviation".
6. Discovery of the Error: Set of Western
Ukraine and Western White Russia-two Stamps:
In the block of four of one rouble stamp there
is no perforation from one (left) side, while
in the same blocks, or/and sheets, of 60 kop.
stamp all sides are perforated.


L. N. H.







- ROSSICA


Notes On Some European Forged Stamps.

(By K. E.)


In Shanghai or somewhere else appeared
an unknown forger of the French Military
Post and the cancellation of German Stamps
during the period of inflation.
The said stamps are not of expensive
type and cost only few cents a piece so the
forger was almost certain that the philatelist
would not be bothered to examine carefully
the cheap stamps they buy.
On 1901-04 issue of the French Stamps,
the Military Authorities printed surcharge
F. M. As we see on the above figure the dotes
after F and M on the geniune, issue are


square in shape, while on the forged surcharge
the dotes after F and M are round in shape.
Also, on the French Stamps of 1937 issue
the surcharge 80 cantimes is genuine if fig. 8
is equal in upper aad lower part. On the
forged stamp fig. 8 is not equal.
The German mint stamps of the period of
inflation are very cheap *and to make them
more valuable the forger cancelled stamps
with very light and clean cancellation-chop.
This was his mistake as the genuine stamps
of the Inflation period are, as a rule, very
heavily and dirty cancelled.


Addition and Correction:
1. Please see page 49 of No. 42 Rossica:
,,Forged Stamp of Russian Post Office in China".
Hereunder design of the forged surcharge on 1 rouble stamp:







ROSSI CA

2. Not a word from Mr. W. Rachmanoff, Hon. Member and Representative
of Rossica for Warsavie and Chairman of Polish Philatelic Society. Any
information please forward to the Editor of Rossica in Shanghai.













3. ,,Proofs, Specimens and Errors of Russian Stamps", continued from No. 42
Rossica. Please see 87 page of the magazine.






Table of Contents of Rossica No. 43
(English Part).

Page:
1. The Volga Famine issue by Rimma Sklarevsky. 57.
2. Republican issue of China with historical notes by Gordon A. Clayton. 57.
3. Australian Commonwealth by Ivan L. Buster. 65.
4. A Further Note on the Official Stamps of Eastern Turkestan.
by Gordon A. Clayton. 66.
5. Yun-nan Province surcharge by the same author. 66.
6. From our own correspondents: Netherland East Indies and Australia
by J. V. S. 67.
7. Notes on the Postal Services of China by Gordon A. Clayton. 68.
8. Albanian First issues by L. A. Ci-in Itranslated from Russian) 72.
9. China Hongkong Print Stamps, etc. by L. N. H. 74.
10. Notes on Forged Stamps by K. E. 76.
11. Some Notes on New Issues by J. B. 75.
12. Addition and Correction of notes on Stamps of Russia. 76.
13. List of Members (New, change of Address, Correction of, and Coding). 77.
14. Notes on "some Essays. Errors and Specimens of Stamps of Russia".
(Souvenir Sheet of P. E. in Moskow in 1932). Cont from No. 42 of Rossica. 87.
15. Advertising Section. 47.







ROSSICA --


Supplement to the Addition and Correction of the

List of Members of Rossica.

TonKOBaaTelb S8aKOBb
Zeichenserklirung. Code.

Printed: Read:
0. Co6HpaeT'r H ~enaerb nonyIsqTb Sammelt und will erhalten Collects and wishes
to receive Collectionne et desire.
A. noqTOBI uI MapKH Briefmarken. Postage stamps Timbres-poste:
a.-npo6HIwa MapICH (acce), Probedrucke, Proofs, Essais, Essays.
b.--apaambu, Specimen, Specimens, Specimen.
c.-HoBoAtAw, Neudrucke, Reprint, R6impressions.
d.-oneuaTKH H OmuH6KH, Fehidrucke, Errors, Erreurs.
e.-noAA tJKH, Falshungen, Forgeries, Faux.
f.-AoC ~uaTeaMlqecKiH IrHCbMa, Forfilatelistische Briefe, For philatelic entire, Lettres
enti6res avant I'6mission de timbres.
1. LICTuR (HerameHnM ); ungebraucht; mint; neufs.
2. Fameuiea; gebraucht; used; us6e, oblegiteries.
3. EBpona; Europa, Europe.
4. Poccin; Russland, Russie Russia; a,-HMnepaTopcKaH Pocci nio peBo.liou ii,; b-CoB'tTCKie
BbinycKH OTb 1920 rosa; c-IOx Has Poccis; d-C'B. 3an. ApNisq; e-3an, ApMin;
f-L-aazHe-BocT. pecn.; g-CH6HpL; h-BeHaae'b; i-PvccKas noua iBb Typuin;
j-PyccKaa noIqTa Bb KaTat; k-Pyccxas noIra Ha o. KPiirt; l-P\ccKan flo.,b-
ma; m-A3ep6eifa aH'b; n-ApMeHiH; o-BaTyM'b; p--3IKnaBKf;3CKH3 pecn.; q-
ViKpaHHa; r--py3iH; s-PyccKag (HJI HAiH; t--MtCTHble BbinycKji pa3HbIx-b
ropoaos'; u-Moaroain; v-TyBa.
5. HpH6aATTHKa, Baltikum, Baltic States, Etats Baltiques: a-Latvija: b-Lietuva: c-
Eesti; d-Suomi.
6. BanKaHb, Balkan Staten, Balcanstate Balkans; a-Jugoslavija; b-Cp6nja; c-Bosnien:
d--Upa ropa'- Montenegro; e-B'iarapaa; f-Romania; g-Ellas: h-Albania; i-
Turkey; j-Horvatia.
7. CjaBflHCKxi rocyaapcTaa, Slavische Staaten, Slavic States; Etats Slaves: a-Polska
b-Ceskoslovensko; c-Stovensko; d-Bohmen; e-Morava: [-Poland (Republican).
8. Becb Mip'b; Ganze Welt; whole world; tous pays.
9. Bosa3ymHaa noqTa; Luftpost; Air mail; Poste a6rienne: a--aio-MapKn; Luftpost.
marken; air stamps; Timbres de la post a6rienne; b-EaporpaMMub; Luftpostbrief;
Aero-grammes; air mail covers; c--THKeTKH; Luftpostzetteln: air labels; Etiquettes,
d-envelopes with Censor's chop/seals, e-War Covers, f-OrKpbiTKH, Post Cards,
Carte Postale AnsIchts-Carten.
10. 3etcKaa lnoqTa: Russian Rural, Timbres Rureaus Russes Russland Rurhal.
11. M'CTaiI MapKH Ha abiycKH: Local Post. Locaux. Lokal.
12. CtaepHan Eapona: Nord Europa, Northern Europe, Europe du Nord: a-Sverige, b-
Norge, c-Danmark, d-Island, e-Finland.
13. 3anaAHaa Eapana: West Europa, Western E'.rope: a-Great Britain, b-Eire, c-
Nederland, Netherland, d-Belgique-Belgium, c-Luxemburg, f-France, g-Monaco.
14. UleaHpajbHaa EBpona: Mittel Europa-Europe Centrale-Central Europe: a-Deutsches







RO S S I C A


Reich-Alleina:Ine Germany; b-Bayern-Bavarian, c-Danzig, d-Saargebiet, e-
Osterreich, f--Helvetia, g-Liechtenstein, h-Magyarorszag, i-Wurttemberg, j-Old
German States.
15. K.),mlai EBponl: Sud Europa-South. Europe: a-Italia.,b-Fiume, c-Malta, d-
Cyprus, e-Espana, I -Andorra, g-Portugal, h-Vatican, i-Gibraltar, j-San Marino.
16. AHr.AiiiCKin ko.'lOHil: British Colonies: a-India, b-Burma, c-South Africa, d-
Sudan, -o-Nigeria, [-Canada, g-Newfoundland, h-West India, i-Hongkong, j-
Malaya, k-Other colonies in Asia and America.
17. 'MHl1y3CNKiI Ko.IqoHni: Colonies Francaises-French Colonies: a-Syrie, b-Maroc c-
Indo-China, L'lndo-Chiie, d-Tunisie, e--others in Africa, f-other in America g-
others in Asia-Syria, etc.
18. IlcnarHCKin iK:o.1-)Hi: Spanishe Kolonien, Spanish Colonies, Colonies Espagnoles.
19. fln)pTyvrW.bCKifl 1KOOlioiH: Portugesische Kolonien, Portugues Colonies, Colonies
Portigaises.
20. I epM:lHKii !.).lonin: Deutsche Kolonien, German Colonies, Colonies Allemagnes.
21. I o.1tan2chi h Ko.oHill: Hollandische Kolonien, Dutch-Colonies, Colonies Neerland-
:iisees. a-Nitherland Indie, b-Others.
22. I lrxnibRicKin Ko.oiHiHn: Italienische Kolonien, Italian Colonies-Colonies Italiane: a-
In North Africa. b-Central Africa.
23. A3in: Aslen, A-ia, Asie: a-China, b-Nippon c-Manchutikuo, d-Iran. e-Irak, f-
Palestina, g-Korea, h-Mongolia, i-Thailand, j-Turkey, k-Others including Local
Posts etc.
2-4. : .Apnia: Africa, Afriques: a-Egypte, b-Liberia, c-Ethiople.
25. AMepuKia: Amerisc-Amerique: a-North America-Canada, b-U.S.A., c-Mexico, d-
Central America-other countries, e-Sud-Americo-South America, f-Brasil g-
Argentina, h-Paraguay, i-Uraguay, j-other countries.
26. ABCTrp3ain: Auatralien, Australia: a-Australia, b-New Zeeland, c-Tasmania, d-
Specialist.
B. LIAbHaa BseMH: Ganzschen, Entires, Entiers, Commomerative and Special cancellation-
envelopes.
C. Fep6oBusI MapKH: Stempelmarken, Revenue, Stamps, Timbers fiscaux.
D. loq-rosBe mTeMnea5a: Poststempel, Postmarks, Obliterations.
E. XyaoKecTBeHHUfl H BHIlOBbiU OTKpbVTKH: Ansichtskarten, Post Cards (views). Carte
Postal avec vue.
F. ByMaaHbil xeHabr (6oHbi); Papier und Notgeld; Paper money; Billets de Banque,
Bonk Notes: a-Russia, b-China, c-Others.
G. Pa3uaro poja KonIeKioaHHpoBaaHie; Verschiedene Objekte; Diverse collecting; Collections
Various: a--dap(op'b-Porzellan; Porcellain; China ware; b-6a6onKi H acyKHr-Schmet-
terlinge und Kafer; Insects, Butterflies: Papillons et insects; c-bDoTorpaC(in--Photos
d-ex libris, e-Object d'Arts, f-Coins, g-Magazines, h-Manuscripts.
H rIpyKecTaeHHaa nepennica; Freundschaftliche Korrespondenz; Friendly correspondence;
Correspondence amicale.
S. Cneuianauspy1ocb; Ich specialisiere; I specialize; Je sp6cialise.
01. Lao Bab o6M'H'b; Gebe im Tausch; I give in the exchange; Donne en change.
OAX. OlrjM-tHb no npeABapHTea1bHMy aanpocy. Tausch nur nach Anfrage exchange, only after
the inquiry; exchange seulement aprbs aveprialable.
OBZ Oo\wH'b TOJbKO no MaHKOJAHCTy; Tausch nur nach Fehlliste; exchange only after want-
list: exchange seulement selon mancoliste.
lonjb3y10o:l KaTaaoraMHr; Katalog; catalogues: y-yvert, Mi-Michel; Sf.-Senf; Z-Zumstein;






ROSSICA ----

Gi-Gibbons; Set.-Scott; Air-Luft-post: For.-Forb-in; Bo-Borek; Ze-Zemstvo: C.i.A.-
Soviet; Fr.-Froede. San.-Sanabria, Schumann (Sch), R-(Roman). RC-Rossica classifica-
tion of (Russia, China & M-kuo).
3Haio H3biKH; Sprachen, Languages; Langues: a >KejaTenbHo no 1 prefer in h---b.rapcKN,
c-cesko, ch-chinese, d-deutsch, e-english, ee-eesti, el-'ellenikon, esp-espanol,
eto-esperanto, f-francais, i-italiano, 1-latin, lat.-latviesu, lit-lietuvan, m-maguar,
n-nederlandish, nip-nipponish, p-polski, por-portugal, r-pyccxii ro-romain,
s-srbo-hrvatski, sv--umeacKifi, sveriges, t-turkiye, turkish, TypeuLiii, H-eBpefickil,
jewish.
KoaaeKuioHeppb; Sammler;Collector;Collectioneur; a-Ha'uHaiouii. Anfanger, beginner, debutant:
b-cpeaHifi, Mittlerer, medium; moyen; c-nepeAoBofi, Vorgeschrittener, advanced speci-
alist, specialist avanc4; d-ToproBeub, Hindler, commercant; dealer; h--noUeTHuti qnJeHab,
Ehrenmitglied, Honorary Member, Member Honoraire.
M. O6MBH'b VypHanaMH MeKweay o6uteCTBaMln HH3~aTeasHI; Zeitschrifter tausch zwischen
Herausgebern, exchange of papers with Editors, change de journaux entire les 6diteurs.
3.37.o3HaaaeT'b M'C cIs Ha roA-b npeKpauteHi I nnAIHCKH ('bb KOHU-t TeKCTa qL4eHn); bezei-
chnet den Monat und das Jahr des Abbonements -Schlusses (am Ende des Textes); siguifies
the month and the year of the expiration of the subscription (at the end of the text),
indique le mois et 1'annee de 1'expiration de l'abonnement.
OAX. BpeMeHHo He nHmeTb: Tempor. does not write Sirst.
YY. flurmHTe no aapecy 6jnak afimiaro HneacTaBHTea HJl4 pegaKTopy :.ypHa.Ia. Please write
to the Editor of Rossica, or to the Represfentative.



JUNE 1941.
Addition and Correction no. 15 to
LIST OF MEMBERS OF ROSSICA No. 4
(Also please see Addition No. 14 attached to No. 41 Rossica)
PREFACE; All Members of Rossica with whom communication is not interrupted
at present time ARE TO BE INSIDE of Additions Nos. 14, 15 & 16
until issue of List of Members No. 5 (aprox. 1st January 1942)

China: KHTai. Chine:
c. 474. Outin C. N., 118/8 Rte des Soeurs, Tracey Flat 8/4 Shanghai
(45) O.A: 2,9u commemoratives; 01: npuHHMaro io6u.ienHbiH Maphnl 31.12.41
PoccHH nonflHMH cepiaMa 1913-37 r. r. 23a,c; Set; r, e.
s.e. 526. Melnikoff, D. M.; H. T. C. Building Fl. 3 S.A.D..2. Hankow
(75) O.A: 34.10. 11. 23a.b.c. B.F. 9.c, E, F. R. E. all catalogues. 31.12.41
a. 596. Gindper, E. L., 59 Rte Boyssezon, Shanghai,
(45) O.A: 1,2,8: 01: 23a: r, d, e. Yvert 31.12.41
s.c. 626. Masloff, A. 1., c/o Customs, Shanghai,
(55) O.A: 1,2,4,10, S: 4,10;01:8 G.E,F,G.M. all cat. r,e,f,i,d. ,,
b. 667. Bonetsky, L A., 153 Rte des Soeurs, Shanghai, Office of Brooklin Apt.
(34) O.A: 1.2.8; H: S: 4, 23a,b,c, 9:01,8: Y., r, e, p, ch. 31.12,41
a. 668. Ding Ciong, c/o Customs, Shanghai, OVERDUE
(41) O.A: 1,2,8; D: H, 01; 232,8; Y, Set; e, ch. 31.12.41
s. 670. Halfter, N. A., c/o Customs. Shanghai.
(43) O.A: 1,2,4,5,9a,10,11,13a, B, 15c, d, i, 16,23a,c,24a: B.C:S:4:13a,
16,23a: 01: Y. Gib, Set, C.O.A: r, e, d, f. 1.11.41






ROSSICA

a. 671. Haufre, L. N., c/o Texas Co., 12 the Bund. Shanghai
(34) O.A: 1.2.8,9:10; 01: 8 Y. Set ,C.D.A : r, d, e. 1.11.41
676. Gavriloff, V. A., 238 Nanyang., Rd., Shanghai
(42) O.A: 1,2,4,9a,23a,b,c,d; S: 4,23a,9a; 01:4,23a: Y,Gib, Set; r, e, f. OVER DUE
d. 680. Katkoff, A. A, 1413 Avenue Rd., Shanghai
(51) O.A: 4: S: F4: r, e. 1.11.41
a.d. 689. Labasta, J. A., c/o Max Grill. 996 Ave. Joffre, Shanghai
(54) O.A: 1,2,8:01:23a: Y. Set: r, e, d, p, i, c, m, 31.12.41
d. 690. Artemenko, M.M.. 101 Seymour Rd.. Shanghai
(30) O.A 1.2,23a. b, c: B: Y. Set: Locals r. e. ,
695. Kostewitch, D. N., 706 Rue Bourgeat, Shanghai
(30) O.A.: 1.2.4,9. S:4:01:S: Y; r, e, f. OVERDUE
s. 696. Tolmachefi. V. J., c/o Sokol, 88S Weihaiwei Rd., Shanghai
(52) O.A: 2.4; G: Y: r, e, f. 31.12.41
9.a. 697. Stuart. J. V., c/o A. P. C. 1 The Bund, Shanghai
(43) O.A.. 1,2.1,13a,b,c.14d, e, f, 15c, d, i: 16,21a,c,24a:
B: C; D: G; S: 13c,21,141,4,23c: Y, Zum, Gib: r, d, e, f.
698. Herrgeseil. W., 11/20 Carter Rd., Shanghai
(31) O.A: 1,2,9a,23a,c: D: 5: 23a,c, 01: 8: Sf: d, e, ch. OVERDUE
704. Shabalin, N. N.. Savoy Apts., Rte de Grouchy, Shanghai
(46) O.A: 1,2,8,01;8: Y, Set: r, d, e, f, ch. OVERDUE
713. Vassilieff, J,J.. c'o Clements Apts., 1363 Rue Lafayette, Shanghai
(51) 0.A 2.4,9a,13f,17,23c;H:S;23c; Y, Set: r, e, f. 31.12.31
a.s. 716. Ananyin, E.N., 525/8 Seymour Rd.. Fl..26 Shanghai
(41) O.A: 1,2,4,6,7b,23c; G: H: S: 4,23c; Set: r, e, f, ch. 31.12.41
a. 720. Tairoff. D. 1.. 336.8 Ave. Roi Albert, Shanghai
(59) O.A: 1.2,9a,23a,b.c:S;9a;01;8; Y, Sanabria: r, p. ,,
a. 721. Ahlgren, I. D., c 'o Coast Inspector's Office, C. M. Customs,
13 The Bund, Shanghai
(43) O.A: 1,2,8;01.8; Set; ,d e, f.
a. 730. Brown, .J. B., c/o Mackenzie Co., 77 Canton Rd. Shanghai
(39) O.A: 1,2,13a,b:15c,d.i,16,23a,b,c, 24a:01;0a; Gib, Set; e. 1.6.42
s.c. 750. Snnerberg, G. G.. 264 Kiangse Rd., Shanghai
(59) O.A: 1.2.8: S: 5d,4.23a.16: Y. Sf, Gib, Set; r, d, e, f, ch. ,
s.c. 755. Langeluetje, H.F., 602 Cosmopolitan Apts., 173 Seymour Rd., Shanghai
(50) O.A: 1,2,4: D:S: 4: Set; r. d, e. 31.12.41
a. 756. Harbottle, D.E., c/o P.W.D.. S.M.C. Shanghai
(54) O.A: 1,2,4,b,j,23a,c; S; 4b,j,23ac: Gib: r. e. 1.6.41
a. 761. Coward, H. A., c/o Yee Tsoong Tobacco Cu.. 175 Soochow Rd. Shanghai
(44) O.A: 1,2,8: S; 14a, 16,23a;01;0a; Gib: e. 1.7.41
a. 762. Levitsky. E. V.. 228/3 Nanyang Rd., Shanghai
(45) O.A: 1,2,8: S: 23a, D. B; Philip; 01:S; Oa, Y, Set; r, e, f, ch. ,
a. 765. Turin, V. M., 125/18 Rte Grouchy. Shanghai
(41) O.A: 1.2,4,u,23a; H: Set: r. e. ,,
s.c. 766. [vanoff, N. S.. C. M. Customs, 13 the Bund, Shanghai
(37) O.A: 1.2,8,01: Set; r, e.
a.s. 769. Van Eck, H. F., A. P. C., 1 The Bund. Shanghai
(48) O.A: 1,2,8- S; 23a, d, 16,21,19;01;12; d, e. f. 1.8.41
a. 778. Dolecki, Dr. L., 224 Rue Porte de L'ouest, Shanghai
(47) O.A: 1,2,8; Sf, Mi; r, d, e, p. 31.12.41







R O S SI C A


a. 781. Yue, Edmund. c/o Lambert Dunbar & Co., 1S The Bund, Shanghai
(25) O.A: 1,2,8,9: G; H: S; 16:01.S. Gib. Set: e, ch.
s.c. 785. Le Brun, Capt., W., Old Ningpo Wharf, 50 K'ingping Rd., Shanghai
(5,) O.A: 1.2,4j,t.u,6c.9a.13ac,I,g, 14abcdef, 15g, 17,19.21,23,24a,25a,
H: S. 26 Gib, e, [.
d. 7S9. Lee Fai Tong, 546/105 Tiendong Rd, Shanghai
(619) O.A; 1,2,8,9a; S; 23a:01,8; Y, Gib, Set: e, ch.
d. 790. Chen Hai Chund,, 79 Ave Joffre. Shanghai
(29) O.A: 1,2 S.9a b. c. 13ab, 141, 15cdij, 16. 23ac. 24a. 25a;
5; 11,23a; Y. Gib Set; e, ch. 31.12.41
d. 792. Shulitsky. A. G:, 24-A. Lai Yang Rd., Tsingtao
(31) O.A: 1,2,8: S; 9u io6n.ieiiHbln, 01; 4f, 2.3c: OB: Y, Set: r. e. 31 12.41
b. 799. Von Straus, G. A.. c/o Shanghai Zaria. 774 Ave Joffre, Shanghai
(4-) O.A: 1,2.8: B; F; H. S; 4,23ihe. 01: 4, 23abc: Y; r, e. OAX :31.12.41
a. S14. Vilensky, D. B., 1729.27 Avenue Rd., Shanghai
(37) O.A: 1,2,4, 23abcde: S; 4,23; Set: r, e .1.7.41
s. 815. Gaheskiria, G.. IS Linda Terrace, Room 5. Shanghai
(29) O.A: 1,2,23c: H: S; 23e; 01; 802: Y; r, e.
m. 816. KoIlit, L. A, 110 Rre Pere Rnbert, Shanghai
(2S) O.A: 1,2.4.8: E; S; 4b; 01; 23a. S-sa Y. Gib Sfa; r, e, f, esp.
m. 817. Lebedelf. V. M.. 129 Baikal Rd., Shanghai
(.-6) 0.A: 1.2,8,9; 01; 8, Y: r. 1.8.41
m. S28. Dering, V. E.. 79/3 Rie Pere Robert, Shanghai
(21) O.A: 1,2,4, 23a; S: 4b; Y: e, r, I 31.12.41
m. S30. Buchanan, A. M., Old Ningpo Wharf. 50 Kungping Rd., Shanghai
(35) OA: 1.2, 23ac; Locals: C: 01; 8; Gib: e, ch.
a. S:34. Chambers E. A. C., Shanghai and Hongkew Wharf. Shanghai
(43) O.A: 1,2.16. 23ac, 12c, 21: Gib: e.
a.s. 337. Meller-Zakomelsky, V. T.. 421,'21 Ave Roi Albert, Shanghai
(4l) O.A: 1.2,8: Set, Gib Y; e, r. f.
a. 838. Fideye[f. N. N., 1S/35 Rte Voyron, Shanghai
(40) O.A: 1,2,8,23,9, Y: r. e. d, ,,
a. 839. Fruhaul. A. V.. 421/5 Ave Roi Albert, Shanghai
(38) O.A- 1,2.13a, 16; Y, Gib, Set: r, e, f, I.,,
a.s. 849. Clayton, G. A., General Elect. Co.. 49 Srechuen Rd.. Shanghai
(34) O.A: 1,2,16, 23a; S; 23a; Gib; e, ch.

Manchutikuo.

b. 382. Bou'haloff, Dr. N. N., Harhin, Batallionnaya 7.
(55) O.A: 1,2.3, S: 4, 23a, b; 01: 23a, b, c. y.C'FA. 31.12.41
b. 11l. Twelcknmeyer, V. N., Ing. Manchuli, 2nd Street No. 34.
(10i O.A 8, 10,11 B. C. S: 4, 23b,c. .C.CQA.
b.d. 511. Ossipoff, N. P., Harhin. P. O. Box 5. R.E.D.F.
(31) O.A: S: c-4, 23a, 4F; 01 23a,b.c. Y. r, e. OVERDUE
b. 340. Kol,-kolov, B. S., Dairen, 2 Jamagata Dori.
O.A: 8, S-4, 23a, 01-23a,b. Y. r, e.
sed. 333. Stroganoff, F. N., Harboin. Tserkovnaya 5S-7.
O.A: (Sa), 1.2,4,9. 23a 4u, 01: S,F. Y, (r, e, f.) 31.12.41
c. 825. Trousofl, V B., Harbin, P. O. Box 462.
(54) O.A: S, S54 afgj, 23ac; 01: 4 [. g, j, 23c. Y, Mi, SI. r, d, e. 31.12.41
d. 831. Shelestov, G. V., Harbin, Kitajskaya Str. 88. Co Globus Store".
(5S) O.A: 8,9, 01: 4 f, g, j, u, 23ac; Y, Mi: Gib, Set. r, e, d. OVERDUE


An_







- R O S S I C A --


rnJaBHbIH PYKOBOAHTeJlb-

General-Leiter. Chairman Directeur Gen6ral
--PRESIDENT-
es. 31. ApxaHCrejbcKi, EsreHifi Miixai'tnoBImb. Arkhangelsky, E. M.
(60) O.A: 1,2, 4abcdefijt, 9a,b,c, B-D-4 S:4, 9abc, 01: oa; Y; Mi, Gi, Z, Set,
Sanabria (Champion, Field), COA; r, d, e, f.s,p. 0. fe-iaio non.y.
3arb (o6WM'H'b-noKynKa) MapKH B03ayLUHOf nHOLTbl, (r.,aaHblM'b
o6pa30M'b HOBHHKii), a3porpabYtMM nrepBbixb nO.1eToBb CCCP Bcero
Mipa, 3TdKeTKH B031a noqrTb CCCP if Baero Mipa3 TaK.Ke UIBTHbhl
raujeHi5 Ha I)qTOBblX'b MapKix'b P).ciu. HOMsepilble ibHrypHble
uTeMne.7n CrI[. it MOCKBbl I T. n.
no'eTHube AHeHb Ehrenmitg Lider Honorary Members -
Membres Honoraires.
hcs 272. Lepoko, EBreHifl HMaaHOBai (c'- 1. V. 1932)
(80) Derocco, E I.
hes 86. KapaaaKOB'b, HHKoaii I IBaHOBIq'b (c'bi 14. I. 1937 r.)
(54) Kardakoff, N. I. Berlin Lichterfelde Slid Schvelmerstr.
18 II Allemagne.
hcs 258. MlaHAKeeiei, Ceprtif HIBBHOBIILmb (C-b 8. VI. 1933).
(46) Mangeley, S. I.
hcs 562. flTirapa, Cepr-ii B.cCH.beBriqMb (cb 14. IV. 1933)
(57) Prigara. S. V. 557. W., 148. st., apt. 53. New-York City, U. S. A.
hes 6. PaxM3HOB'b, BnatiHMNIpb AaeKcaHApOBsiL ('b 14. IV. 1931)
(54) Rachmanow, V. A.
hcs 103. LUMLlHiT'., Kap.1b Kip.aioBaul (c-b I, [II 1932)
(75) Schmidt, K. K. Berlin Zehlendonr, Feldfichten 2, Allemagne.
3a1atabaB3MUmifi JeHeaKHO-6OHHbl M'b OTa'tOlM'b Leiter der Noten geld Abteilung,-
Manager of the Division of Paper money Directeur de la section de
Bilettes de banque.
hes 86. K'ap 1Ko3Bb. HmKo.laTi I lBaHOBi'-b.
(54) Kardakoff, N. I. Berlin Lichterfelde Slid, Schwelmerstr IS II,
Allemagne. 0: F: 4,5, 7; 01: F 4; COA; r, d.

U. S. A. ChB.- Amep. CoeA. UTaTbi: Etat Unis
F.,iauHbil FpeacTaBHTenb Ha AMepiiyN, flpeact.aaTeab K.iv6a aPoc-
CHKa> Bb Hb opK Ho Iot Rp. cnn. F of63aHHOCCTli fpe.ic'-taTe.1 Cf-
liueTBa POCCHKa. General Representative for America, Chairman of
Rossica Club in New York and Acting Chiirman of the Society
hes 562. Prigara, S, V. 557 West. 148 street. Apt. 53. New York City U. S. A.
(57) O.A: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7, 16a, F,g. 23a.b,c.d,e, 24a, 25d, B; C; D: F S;4 25d.
Y; Mi G, Set CQA, r, e, f.
csd 563. Savitzki N. V. New-York, City, 510 W., 123d. Sir.
(56) O.A: 1,2,4; D: S: 4 c-b ptaKliiM ralueHiMall; V, Gih. Set, C:'A; r.
d. e, f, h.
564. Kotlar, A. V. New-York. City. 516 W., 143 street, apt. 5-c.,
(38) O.A: 1,2,4, 10, C: D: S: 4. 10; Set; C.O.A: r, d, e, f, Ii.
573. Shenltz, G. M. New Jork. 220 West 69 th street.
(46) O.A: 1,2,4, 5d, 10; B; C; D; S: 4d, e, h, i, j, k; Set. COA; r, d. e. f.
612. Baron von Gokke, S. N. New-Jork City, 457 w., 21 Str. apt. 2-B,
(48) O.A: 2 3, 23, 21, 25abcd, 26 Y, M. Set; r, e. t.







ROSSICA ---

b. 620. Konovaloff, A. A. New-York, 1555, 149 the st. Whitestone. L. J. N. Y.
(42) O.A: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 23abc; S: 9; Set; r, e.
ed 621. Godleff, Joseph A. Brooklyn, N. Y., 392-10 th. street.
(47) O.A: 1,2,4, 4e, 6e, C; S: 4 (fo XJ4 30) 4e (KN 11 Ge
(Ao Xi 18); Set; r. e.
b. 629. Sambourov, N. N. New York City, 510 Audubon ave, apt. 31.
(42) O.A: 1,2,8; Set; r, e, p, c.
b. 637. Karassik Igor I. Ing., New-York City, 611 W- 114-th str.,
(29) O.A: 1,2,4, B; C; D; S: 4; Set; r, e, f.
cs. 639. Moore, (3a3rnMHb), D.A. New-York City, 157 w., 63 str. apt. 5-B.,
(47) O.A: 2,8; S: 5d, 12, Canada; 01: 25d; Gib, Sct; r, e, s.
a. 646. Ousounoff. F. N. New-York (Bronx) 862 Cauldvell ave.. apt. 5.
(40) 'O.A: 1,2,4,5; S: 4, 25a; Set; r, e, f.
cs. 545. Sklarevsky, R. A. Jng. Baltimore, 226 E. University Pky. Md
(30) O.A: 1,2,4, 6a, 10, 23a, c;C; S: 4, 23a; 01: 8, Y. Gib, Set. C(4A; r, e.
b. 688. Sitnikov, N. K. New-York City, 522 W 136 street
(59) O.A: 1,2,8; Set; r, e. 12.39
b. 706. Posell, Jacques Cleveland, Ohio, Severance Hall
(30) O.A: 1.2,4: B; C; D; S:4 (4 b TOAnKO 1); Y, Mi Sr, Set,
Gib, For: d, e, f.
c. 741. Glad (riaAKifi), S. V, New York 3604 Broadway
(54) O.A: 1,2, 4a, c,h,i, j,k,,1 10, 11. 13 f; S: 4, Set., CDA; r, e, f.
c. 748. Rosenberg, Elmar E. Flushing, L. J. N. Y, 143-42 Cherry Ave.
(56) O.A: 1,2,4, 5cd, 16fg, 25a, 10; S:4, 5cd, 16fg, 25a; Mi, Set,
C sd. 757. Hersch, Hirman Z St. Paul, Minesota, 1160 Grand Ave, Apt 5
(24) O.A: 1,2,4, 10: B: C:4: Set, Gib; r, d, e.
c. 774. Fohs, F. Julius Houston, Texas, Esperson Building.
( ) O.A: 1,2,4; S:4-A,C,D; Set, Gib, Zum, Champ., Mi. Si.
c. 787. Guilsher, G. G. New-York City, 521 West 122 Street
(46) O.A: 1,2,4, 5d, 10, 25a; S:4a, r; Set; r, d, e, f.
b. 803. Zablotzki. M. B. New-York City, 332 East 14 street
(23) O.A: 1,2,8; 01: 8; Y, Gib; r, e, p.
a. 804. Alexeieff, A. N. Mme San Francisco, Cal. Divisadero st. 1728.
(67) O.A: 1,2,8; 01: 25a, 8; Set; r.
c. 806. Nicholaevsky, N. S. New Bedford, Mass, 62 Water st.
(44) O.A: 1,2,8,10,11, C; D; H; S: 4 H nepa, e BbInycKH MapoK'b cTpa'b
Ha KoHBepTaxb, npoumeaumnx' noITy; 01: 25a, 4,8; Set, CcQA; r, e.
ed. 812. Glass, Lester S. Philadelphia, Pa., 1214 North, 8 th street.
(36) O.A: 1,2,4, 9a, 16 (Canada, Newfound land), 25a; C: S:4 25a, 8: Set; e.
b. 813. Quigley, H. L. Seattle, Wa., 806 East 74 th street Manzanita, Port Blakely
(53) O.A: 1,2,4,9, 10, 11, 25a, e; C. D.; S: 4; 01: 25a; Set: e.
ce. 631. Sneguirieff, L. S. Dr. med., Trenton, 49, Maipel or Mapel? Av., New-Jersey.
(32) O.A: 1,2,4, 10, 11; C; S: 4; 01: 4; 6, 25a; Set, COA; r, e, f.
b. 841. Novitzkv, E. K. New York City, 85 Seaman Ave
(25) O.A: 2, 4ab, 25a; Set; r, e.







R OSSI CA


May 1941. New Members cont.--
China KHTai Chine
c. 917. Leitan A. A. c/o Standard Vacuum Oil Co. Shanghai
(42) O.A: 15g; 19. S: 19; E. Par, Set. 31.12.41
sc. 918. Brunnert N. S. Prof., 12 Rue Marco Polo Peking Legation Quarter China
(59) 0.\: 1:2:8. S: 16-17. Y. Set. Gib. e, f, r. ,,
a. 919. Jidkoff, S. G. c/o Customs. Shanghai
(55) O.A: G. G. R. E.
c. 920. Gelter P. Y. Ing. 1562 Av. Joflre Apt. 02 or/& 9av. Edouard VII Shanghai
(-0) OA: 4, B. G. G. Y. r. e.
c. 921. Maaz Robert, 40 Verdun Terrace, or 12 The Bund c/o Horn
Trading Co. Shanghai
(55) O.A- 3,4, 23abc. Mich. Set. e- d.
d. 922. ('hang Tidwo 852 Sinza Road, House 15. Shanghai
(37) O.A: 8. Set. e, chi.
a. 923. Oneschuck Victor K. c/o the Texas co. Ltd, 12 The Bund Shanghai
(22) O.A: 8 S-25b. r. e. Stc.
a. 924. Duches N. 382/5 Rue Frelupt Shanghai
Leuchtenberg O.A: G. G. iOA-1/2-: S). r, e, f, d.
sc. 925. Less Ronert. Dr. 600/15 Av. Haig, or 1S Jinkee Rd, Shanghai
(46) O..\: 1/2-8. S:23ahbcidghi 9, 1.3a. 25ab. d. e. f. any catalogue.
a. 926. Minkevitch Archt. S. J. 332 R. Cardinal Mercier Shanghai.
(50) O.A: G. G. R. E.
bd. 927. Lustig Oskar. 1004 \ve: Joifre, Shanghai
(441; O.A: S. Y. e. d. ,
m. 928. Funck. E. J. 110 Hankow Road, 3 fl. (or 161 R-te de Grouchy, apart. 12).
(35). OA: 13a, 14a bcde, 16 Abcdefghijk. Shanghai. 31.12.41
m. 929. Furniss, Miss Edith Margaret, d/o The Texas Co. Ltd. (China) 12 the Bund,
or 415 Embankment Building.
(22. OA: 1-2: 8. X. Scott. S.C. E.F. Shanghai, 31.12.41
c. 90b. Rlidakoff. P. I. Second Street, MANCHUTIKUO.
(40) 36 Manchuli 31.12-41
OA: 1-2 3-4. 4. 6. 7. 9. 10. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17,
18. 19. 20. 21. 23 abc, 23ghik. S: 23a, 23i, 17c, 19a.
OL: 8, OAX: Y. Set. Sch. R.C. E.R.

(To Be Continued in 44)



OTa penaKuin a ypHnaia:
IInpHHocHrTC 6naronapHoCTb HiMKeCJitAyiouHM'b qJeHaM'b, npHCJcaBIHM'b
apKH B b 0onA1b 13AaHiaR ypHana PoccKia, B-b U1aHxat:
V. Twelkmeyer, J- Ill 20 cepifi noca'ibaAHro
P. Rudako[f. NX 906 20 cepifl ] bhnycxa MaHb'acyCo.

Our Members in Manchuli (Manchutikuo) Messers: V. N. Twelkmeyer & P. I. Rou-
SARE PIONERS in laid down or First Stones for making the FUND OF STAMPS for
ing the Rossica Magazine in Shanghai:
preciated: Act. General Representatives and Editor C. N. Outin.








ROSSICA-

Notes on Some "Essays, Errors and Specimens" of Stamps of RUSSIA.
(Continued from No. 42 of "Rossica").
In our article in No. 42 of this magazine under the above heading the description of part
of the treated stamps is not entirely clear. Stamps described under No. 1 and No. 5 are "verti-
cal" pairs imperforated between; stamps under No. 6 are printed on "wove paper" (Scott Nos.
136 & 138) and not on vertically laid paper; No. 8 read "3" instead of "4" roubles.
UNCATALOGUED SOUVENIR SHEET ISSUE OF U.S. S. R.
The reproduction of the sheet shows stamps issued in commemoration of the Moscow
Philatelic Exhibition of 1933, i. e. 15k black brown and 35k ultramarine (Scott Nos. 485 &
486), in a block of 4 stamps on thick creamy paper, imperforated and without gum, size
170x130 mm. Below the stamps there is an inscription: on the left side in Russian, on the
right side in French, meaning "People's Commissariat of Post and Telegraph".
Although the author has had copies of the Souvenir sheet in question in his collection
since about 1934 he has not seen any reference about same in philatelic magazines or
catalogues prior to the December 1940 issue of Scott's Monthly Journal which contains, on
page 379, a short note, without reproduction of the sheet, saying that the issue is, however,
printed on "gummed" paper. The Journal further records that 500 copies of this sheet were
printed for presentation purposes. H. F. L.
..:- .. : .. -


E



~Cb~Aa~t`*4~~d~;nH~s: C~Ci ~ I


-,;,.::.. -..---- .




.






ttapO uAfI KuHtC Ep1T.CB3t am.CGP
f .i ,., .. ,,: ':** .....- ,,_ *...**;*. ,
Upon receiving of "Stamps" No. 448 for
1941 we found the following description of
our Block of 4-Souvenir-Sheet-viz.: Russia:
The Fine Art Museum at Moskow, the same
design is used on Scott's Russia A145 single
stamps of 15 k. and 35 k. values, is the
subject of a presentation souvenir sheet,
which is shown below by courtesy of Mr.
I. J. Weinstock. These sheets, chronicled
in Scott's Monthly Journal for Decem-
ber, 1940, were apparently made at the
time of the Moscow Philatelic of 1932, but
have not been on the market. The two stamps
86


CmminfiTarslat da Prept$

are set alternate pairs to form a block, im-
perforated, the two 15k. being in the black
brown of the original singles and the two 35k.
in the original ultramarine. Inscriptions at the
bottom of the sheets are in Russian and in
French. The sheets are on thick gummed
paper, measuring 43 by 65/ inches."
There is a question now: in one case -
,,thick gummed paper-", but in the other-
,,Coated Art Printing paper without a gum-".
Both Blocks are considered to bedoubtless
geniune ones. One of the Blocks to be an as-
say only? Any suggestions?


Ii














06'O BaeJui H CnpaBoqHnfiH OrTAja.

Advertising Section of ROSSICA Magazine
No. 43.



ST. E. ARI & CO



I am sorry to state that
I will try to do my
there is no space for
best for No. 44,
Miscellaneous Sectionii F o

in No. 43. or 45.








SELL TO H. E. HARRIS & CO.
Leading Wholesale Stamp Firm of the United States

S -We are buyers, in large and small quantities, of
practically all 'types of genuine postage stamps.
Send us a list of your offers, but please do not
send stamps unless we specifically ask you to. Your
offers will always receive our prompt and courteous
attention. We are glad to correspond with you in
English, French, German, or Spanish.
FREE ON REQUEST! Illustrated 24-page booklet
introducing our organ;iat;on, and g;v;ng all the
information you need in selling stamps to us.
a: g *






R 0 S S I C A


China Philatelic Bulletin


APRIL 1941


No. 1


Price Shanghai $ 3.00


All registered purchasers of the 1941 Roman Catalogue have
received it free of charge.

Publishers are undertaking the issuance of Bulletins to keep
collectors of Chinese Stamps fully and regularly informed about all
new developments and discoveries in China Philately.
This Bulletin includes all issues from
September 1940 to April 1941.




THE ROMAN STAMP COMPANY


97B ROUTE VALLON.


POST OFFICE BOX 601.


SHANGHAI, CHINA.


~


o0 A A





ROSS ICA


SHANGHAI GHINAJ








China 3e. on


5e.


1 set complete, 16 Varieties (Shanghai 5, Chekiang 2, Kiangse 2,
Hunan 2, Chungking 1, Kansu 4).


Sh. $ 9.00
ditto, Blocks Prorata
Kiangse, Green, Blocks of 9 with "Double Fun" Error.
Sh. $ 35.00


ditto, in Complete Sheet of 200.


Sh. $ 51.00


US $ 0.50


US $ 2.25
US $ 3.00


China 4c. on
Blocks of 25, with Error "Double Tso"
Sh. $ 50.00


5c.

US $ 3.00


POSTAGE PAID
Only a limited supply of the above available, Send in your
order with remittance immediately to avoid disappointment.

Enquiries on other Chinese Stamps are welcome, Special
rates to dealers.


1






__-- R OS S I C A






International Stamp Co.


FILIAL:


HEAD OFFICE:

5 Chin Lok Lane,
Rue CassiFli,
Shanghai, CHINA.


76 Chai Ping Road,
2nd Floor,
Swatow, CHINA.


We offer:

North Borneo. Sarawak. Straits Settlements, Johore, Kedah, Negri

Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Selangor, and Siam IThailand) Stamps

of Old and New Issues in full sets and singlets.


We also buy, sell and/or exchange the above Postage Stamps as

well as Old Chinese and Manchutikuo Stamps with advanced collec-

tors and Members. Based on Scott's and Gibbon's 1941.


T'r




S ROSSICA


A. SHULITSKY

Stamps for Collections

MANCHUTIKUO STAMPS SPECIALITY

Big Stock for Sale and Exchange.
WE ALSO BUY MANCHUTIKUO AND OF OTHER COUNTRIES STAMPS.
We have as well as Postage Stamps of various countries.





A. r. IIIYJIHIh4KI H
MapKH ARn KojineniH.
CnegianbHOCTb MaHbn yHO: npOAama, noHynna, o6mtHwb.
Ibit're;Tci TanR, cw .1u, U1i.ii 3auaci. fapon'b a npuLay i nii, I. III, I l[lITA\l.
JajbHa ,n li.iCT1iia, 'CCCP 11 L'p,[iinrlecaih Clpanil,.
IlI f .,tn, lillTali.
24-a, Lai-Yang Road,
TSINGTAO, CHINA.




nefTe BOAy WillnII to buy rare stamps of Manchu-
"H I A r A P A"' tikuo and China (Hongkong Print)


NIAGARA AERATED WATER G. GABESKIRIA
FACTORY (Member of Rossica).
Telephone 70 6. 125 A,-nue Ju iiai Albert. 28 Verdun
Telephone: 7 t,7,io.
Terrace, Telephone 72019.
21l Rue Irelupt, Shanghai China.
Shanghai, China.

51







R S S I C A -


Collect and exchange AIR-MAIL, mint E. V. LEVITSKY,
and used, the Whole-WORLD. Alsobr of
(Member of Rossica)
Silver Jubilee and Coronation issues.
Basis-any Catalogue Prompt reply. c/o Shanzh.-i Municipiale Police.
Mr. N. N. FADEYEFF. Shanghai, China.
c o Yee Tsoong, Tobacco Co. Ltd.
(C. P. S. Co.) Airmails of the Whole World
175 Soochowv Road. Shanghai. China. Exchange appreciated.


fiii' ynlail IlIICTIAIH n ralirte'mliilH mapi i
MAHb'l'iI lOJ, a T'ra (h i .ni11tIa;lllr a Ila
MIapiiI HCi. 11Mipa. npeaiflo lnIITalII
i1ICTbil IMap~ll.

A. A. KONOVALOV


BUY and EXCHANGE Stamps of

MANCHUKUO for all World's.

Preffer Mint Stamps.

(

15-55, 149 Street, Whitestone. L. I., New York, U.S.A.


WANT TO BUY:

Locals of any country singles or on covers used only. Also interesting
LABELS (exhibitions, commemorations, etc.) issued before 1917.

SERGEI N. GOKKE. (Member of xRossica* No. 612).
457 West, 21 St. New York City, U. S. A.



Iluy mTeunean pyccKofi nlOTbI Ha KoHBepTax'b I oTKpbITKaX'b, Ha
o0pt3Kax'b H qeTKie Ha MapKaxb: MoHrojinH H KHTan, nfopTS-ApTypa,
KaMqaTKH IH CaxailHHa; TaKwKe pyCCKoRf noaeBofl nOrThb 6oKcepcKaro
B03CTaHia 1899-1900 r. r. u pWaccxo-anOHCKxoi BolH 1904-05 r. r.;
napoxoaHbie, KeaJ13HoAopow0Hbe, TenerpactHbue H HOMepHbie
wTeMneji rameHifH.

S. V. PRIQARA
557 W. 148 St. Apt. 53. New York, N. Y., U. S. A.






ROS S ICA


rOTOBHTCIf Kb nELATH KHHrA:
PYCCKAH nOqTA B-b MMnEPIM, Bb TYPULIM, B Ib KMTA-6 FI 0TA
B-b LAPCTB- nOnbCHOM'b.
"noapo6Hblfi CnpaaoqHuiK-b Ain co6npalomuMX',b nmToBbIn Mapx, UL AJbHiUR
BeLtH Hn flOTOBble WTeMneaH.
C'b npHJoIoeHieMb: L1HpKyJanposBb, CTaTICTHaeCKIx-I CBc$ABtHil, CnHCKOB'b
BC-X'b HOMepHbluxb uTeMennei, PwcyHKOB'b Ha OTaLtIbHbixb Ta6jHaIaXb H
nopTpeToMb nepaaro ocHOBaTejR peryanpHotf no4iTLu B Poccin 60spiHa
A. .71. Opaubi'b-HamoKxiHa.
IHCJMno K3eMnjRpoB'b 6yJAeT'b orpaHlimeHo, nos3TOy npomy aHrub, IeAa-ato-
I1HXTb no.JyVqHTb KHIIry (pa3M'bpb 7 X 9' aloMOB'b, U'Ha yMtpeHHaf), Ha-
nucaTb 3apaH e no anpecy:
Please see on the page 390 COVER for the BOOK on RUSSIAN STAMPS
by S. Prigara. The Book is now utni-er printing in Russian, but an English transla-
tion will be published latter on. Over 200 pages with diagrams, designs, portraits
and full informations re-Russian Stamps 1857- 1917, etc. Very moderate price.
Please communicate with Mr. S. V. Prigara on the below said address:


So V0 PUIIGARA
557 WEST. 148 Street, Apt. 53. New York City, U. S. A.



M1LY PYCCHIE HOHBEPTbl; LtAtbHbl BeeUMt H MapKIi 6OJIOSM, rameHHbIe
nt HeraueHHhe, Ao -coBtTCKaronepioAa; TaKwe cTapHHble pyccKie lOKxy-
MeHTbI, KacamomiecR (InoTa 1 MopcKoro BtnAoMCTBa. nponuy npenaapt-
TenJbHO COO1.HTb, ITO HMM'eTCF H U"HHy.

Serge V. GLAD. ("Rossica" No. 741).
3604 BROADWAY. NEW YORK, N. Y., U. S. A.


Ifluy NMapKil Ia tJlbHbla Ben(n 3PmMCR0ri n0iThi, KfHBP)PTh I mTP3Ineqia
pyccroil norATbI 3a-rpaHnierr, a Taume pyccuia npo6hluba Maps1n.

A. V. Kotlar
("Rosica." No. Stt)

615 WEST, 150 St., Apt. 33. NEW YORK, N. Y., U. S. A.







R 0 S S I C A
ROSSICA


Exchinge: Offer: Stamps of Manchoukuo
and China: Mint and used. Adv
For: Stamps of Russia, U.S.A.
and Canada: Mint and used.

Write to W. N. SCHILLER,
c/o Shanghai Telephone Co. 996 A
Shanghai, China.


'LEASE APPLY FOR:

srtising in Rossica Magazine
to Mr. J. A. LABASTA
(Member of Rossica).


venue Joffre, Shanghai, China.
(Stationery Department).


WE WANT TO BUY:

Air mail and commemorative stamps of any country in wholesale quantities.
Let us know what you have to offer. Kindly do not send stamps unless
directed by us to do so.

Keller and Companie Stamps, Inc.
65 Nassau St. New York, N. Y. U. S. A.


npHHHMaIo: EBpony, AHrAiicKia
KonoIOHH n aosaymuHyio noITy.
npeAAararo: MaHbqNylAHro. KaTanorH:
Haepb 1940, CKOT'b 1941.
Offer: Manchutikuo. For Europe,
British Colonials and Air Mail.
Exchange of Stamps by
Mr. N. F. VASSILEVSKY,
22 Chufu Road, TSINGTAO, CHINA.
06mtHu rioKynKa. flpotaMa noqTo-
BbIX-b apOKwb.


Exchange with advanced collectors

required: Offer Stamps of the Whole

World. Accept British Colonials, of high

denominations preferable. N. A. Halfter.

c/o C. M. Customs. Shanghai. China.


ATTENTION !
Want to correspond with collectors of adhesive registered
letter labels of the world, off cover only. These labels usually
have "R", name of town and number.
I do not want any registered covers.

G. A. POPOFF ("Rossica" No. 847).
261 Irving Ave. Monterey, California, U. S. A.






ROSS I C A


WANTED
to exchange Air Mail and Comme-
morative stamps with Members in all
Countries. Prompt reply will be given
to all correspondence.

DiLNG CICONG,
C. M. Customs, Shanghai, China.

A. B. KOHEBb
823, Avenue Joffre Tel. 71737
BHOBb Tnoay4eHbJ H noCTynHMJn B-b
npoaatcy: cKaTepTH g paCUBtrTOKWb.
BoabulOW BbI6opb 6- aulX'b CK8a
TepTef, paaHbIX' pasntposb, a
TaKxce canadeTOK'b.
IlpoA)naa OITO-arb H BIh [103111I1y.
.'ItTHiH pyrflamlH-CiTBH no( $ 16.00.
EAHHCTBeHHbiif npeACTaBNMenJb Bb WJaHxat.


Exchange of

Postage Stamps:
V. TWELKMEYER
(Rossica No. Ill).
3rd Street, No. 25, MANCHOULI,
MANCHOU TI KUO.
OFFER:
Manchutikun and the Whole World.
FOR:
The Whole World per selection.
I collect all countries.
nPE.IJIAFAlO: MAHbDQKYQFO I BECb
MIPh B'b OBMtBHL Ha MapxH
BCTSX'b CTPAHb no Bubopy.
Co6Hpaio MapKH Bcero Mipa.


Interested in Philatelic Literature on Russia and other Russian
countries. Write what you have and price. Also interested in
any information on "Volga Famine Issue".

Rimma A. SKLAREVSKI ("Rossica" No. 545).


Baltimore, MD., U. S. A.


226 East, University PKWY.


SCHUMANN'S SCHUMANN'S
CHINA Specialized Catalogue MANCHOUKUO Specialized Catalogue
1941 1942
Second Edition Just Published Will be ready on 1st SEPTEMBER
Price Sh. $ 7.50. Price Sh. $ 7.00.

Alexander Schumann
Philatelist and Publisher
359 Avenue du Roi Albert, King Albert Apt. F 5. SHANGHAI CHINA.






R O S S I C A


Wanted to buy:


Russia No. 1 on covers, singles, pairs, or larger.
Stamps used in China up to 1879 on covers.


Also Russian


Poland No. 1 on covers or piece of covers with town cancella-
tions, except Warsaw.

Early Bulgarian covers from No. 1 to No. 11. Also No. 1 on covers.

Interested in whole sale quantities of used air mail of the world.

We are also interested in getting contact for new issues of
CHINA, JAPAN, MANCHUKUO in large quantities.


Joseph

392-TENTH STREET.


WANTED Stamps:

Mint and Used. Old China of high
)I denominations.
Old Russia and Danzig. Mancolist
on request.

H. Owen. C. M. Customs.
Shanghai, China.


INQUIRIES: Wladimir Wladimirowith EVDOKIMOV,
who left Shanghai in 1931 for Montevidio together with
his family-wife Elena Mihailovna & two daughters. The
oldest daughter, Galina, was known at Y.M.C.A & Chris-
tian Science Society. American Members are cordially
invited to give an information, or address, if any in
their possession, concerning Mr. Evdokimov's Family to
C. N. Outin, 118 R-te de Soeurs, Tracey Fiats 8-4.
SHANGHAI
fpomy He orKasaTb coo6uruI H tioMc M miC CBIttHis
o Bnaa Mipt BaaanMHpoBRit EaXKOHMOBt, Han ero
ceMbt (Ieaa Eaeaa MnxaflnonHa H neg aoiep).
BbitxanH H3 IlaHxaH n 1931 roAy a MonTeBnaeo.
OaHa RS noqepet HM'baa oTHomeHae K Y.M.C.A. &
Christian Science Society
OrTOB no atpecy yKsaaRHoMy sblme.


Co.


BROOKLYN, NEW YORK. U. S. A.


Liquidation of Collections:
2 Foreign Post Offices in China approx:
70% complete.
2. All Countries, except China and Man-
chutikuo, approx. 20000 different (in
Seven Albums).
The Whole lot to be taken at one time.
Please apply to the Address of the Editor
of the Magazine, in Shanghai, by a letter
or by a telephone.


B. 4. YAAHOB pa3blCKHBaeT naleMlH-
HRHa F-at6a A. qvyaaKoBa-ropHbrl l'H-
:i-eHep (.tToNI 1940 roaa lOHKep BoeH-
Ho-MHHKeHepHaro V'injilla a B yxape-
CTt). Byay BeCbMa npH3HaTejeH 3a
coo6uteHie aIpeca, rH ai Ke KaKnx an6o
caS1taHi'l, no aapecy:
Shanghai China. 232 Kiaigse Road.
V. I. Choodakoff (or c/o Editor).


Go-dlef Stamr~lp








nOATBepmAeHie m paHsbcHeHie 3BmaeHisi. HanemaTaHHaro

Bs NM 42.

H. .I. HpeactaarTeas O-Ba n Peaaxuig )Kypinana l tBOIa'Tb Ao cBtatni F. r. npeacTaBHsurenet H Bc'x
qjieiioBh O6uecTBa, Tro NX 50 wxypHana PoccHKa aBb1aeT-i Ba 1942 roxy IOBHJIEflHbIM'b H3AAHIEM'b KaKi
6 i1j HJMitCeHO FJnaBHbIMM PyKOBOaHTeleM'b.
06futa nporpaMMa HLmani a H coaepAdanie J( s HaMtqaercl cAitayiotas:
Pasu3tph MypHaaa: OcTaeTca npeKaiHi. Hnucao cTpaHHuf 1000 npH6waa.
Tapawa: 5000 ax3eMUnnapoBa ByMara: MAaosas, HHn cooTBTcTByioIaaH no KaiecaTBy TaKoaofi. Bt
c,:i"epinHie NS 50, KpoMt TeNymaro MaTepiana, npeanaloaraercH BKDJlOqrTb TpyA2t BA x M HCKJItOtlMTEJIbHO
c(bidiill.b H HaCTOHUmHXb qjeaoHuBo Ol6ecTea, naneiaTaHHble Ha eeponeficKHXi4b abiKaxI, XaK'b Bb CaMOMT
Alpil.inJi PoccHKa, TaKb H BIb upyrHiS eBponeicKux'b 4QrilaTenAHCTtrecKHX'i HnaaSHisx' sa Bce Bpena co
ant i ...cuoaHia ObuecTsa ia i- Ci,.pa H nepeneraTauia Bactx TpyioB'b aBTopoab, TO r. r. aaTOpb uprpJiaUaaloTCa COCTaBHTb aHMIb nepeqeHb
Hnx ipytosB' c1. yKa3aHiaSM'h, KKiaH HMeHRO CTabThH lROaIHM 6blTb HaneqaTaHbl IlOIHOCTblo, Han me nepeaeeaeni ci
pycCmi.,i Ha KaKol nH6co HHofi HHocrpaHHblA sm3b'b. KeaaTejIbHbi KpaTKia 6iorpaq)in BCtXB aBTopoa', a TaKTa
Mde H~.~poaori Ttxa irseHOBI, KOH CKOHtaaHCb. OCTasHBih o ce6t naMRHTb BI 06mecTBt xaK aKTHBHble ftlTenH,
iirli -ke aaropsb 3aclaymaeHHblX cTaTeA.
F. r. Ipea-casBHreaj npHralatoaITCH o3a60THTbce co6npaHieMa Heo6xoauIMbmX aaIIHblXT H, Boo6Wue,
Bcsiar, poaa Marepiana, Heo6xoAHMaro ann Hn3aHia io6jieintHaro XM a, HaHjyaLUteMb BH$ultHeMi o4opMaeHiH, a
i.iKs iswe H no coaeptasito HpnHuMas a ce6f raaBHoe pyxoaocTB o n o H 6aaito N 50, E. M. Apxaurernicif
npocI~Li BC'BXb nPEAICTABMHEEJFI H nOtIETHblX' H4 ,15ICTBHMEJIbHblX'b LIlEHOB'b OBlLECTBA
BblCKA3ATbC[ Ha cTpaaHuaxi. M~ypHaaa no saTpoHnyOMy Bonpocy a, 6jHafliumHxb JN X PoccHun 6e3i aaea-
l-uHIl, iaKi KaKsi Cl HIRapa 1942 npeanoaaraeTcA OTplpTb npienu o6'aBaeniel H np pHTyaHTb Kt% pacnpeatneHi1o
Maiepi.iia tnoai Ha6aioaeaieM~ 3aMiCT. raasBaro PyKoBOARTean C. B. flprapa.
IOo6ianeafl l N 50 6yaeTi paaocnaHu BCtMS q'aenaUM- O6uecra 6e3a no6aBoqHoft nnaTbu, neqaTaHie
wKe aiypHaia HaMittaeTca a0 OaHOMb H3a ropoiOBs, BI 3aBicHMOoCT OTTh ycAnoif aatnHaro Momenaa n no yKaaa-
aiH0 npeactaaeaa.
InPHMI'lAHIE: Bb cayqat nte npeooanuxHMi x npenaTcTBifl Force Majeur Bt cHnomueiax,- Meaay
rjaBHbisH uearpaMi O-aa PoccHKa N2 50 6yaeT abinymieHu~. yBeanHqeHHOMb pasuMpt BS 3aBHCHMOCTH OTh
nonytenHaro MaTepiaaa.







Confirmation and amendment of the Notification to all Members

of Rossica published in No. 42.

That No, 50 of "Rossica Magazine" is proposed to be issued as a Jubilee Edition, in 1942.
The edition is planned to be of the present size, and approxim number of 5000 copies with 1000
pages in each on art print, paper.
All Scientific or/and Historical Works done by Members of Rossica (since first issue of the Maga-
zine in 1929) once published in the "Rossica" and as well as in all other European (non-Russian) Magazines to
be revised and re-edited, translated, if necessary, into other languages, and published. Short Biographies of the
Authors to be compiled and as it seems that 1000 pages of the Jubilee issue is not sufficient to include all
Works written by some Members so in those cases the Authors themselves are to select which articles of their
Works are to be published in full and which-only to be mentioned in the Index. Collection of obituary no-
tices of all Members, who had made their part in organizing, publishing and improving to the Magazine within
these twelve years past and passed away before the time of Reinnansance of the Rossica approaches.
The attention of the Representatives is called to commence, forthwith, the collecting of necessary
Manuscripts, Accounts, Photos, Diagrams, Statistical materials, etc., in order to accomplish, the Jubilee issue as
guud as will l-. possible by means of co-operations of all Members of the Society.
Also all Members, the Hon. and Actives, are requested to forward their suggestions concerning the
at,...e a.id proposal to the nearest current issues of the Rossica Magazines without delay as from the January
1'412 it i ne.',:ary to commence collecting of the Advertisements throughout the World, where Rossica's
hepr5enntaii %i are present.
it is proposed that the Jubilee copy of the Rossica will be send to every Member of the Society
without any e .tra pay. The Act. Chairman, is however, pointing out that in case of interruption in the com-
munications force majeur between Main Centres of the Society of Rossica, the Jubilee Edition of No. 50 Ma-
gazine will be published on the above said paper and with contents as proposed as far (or/and large) asit will
be 'po:.,le in connection of receipt of the maunscripts and other materials from the Members.
The Membership for 1942, including Magazine, remains unchanged, i. e. U. S. $ 1.50 per annum
(Far-Ealtern Members will pay Membership Fee according to the Fixed Rate of Exchange between U. S. $ and
local SS)










Standard

Vacuum

Oil Co.


Standard

Vacuum

Oil Co.


TapHmb 061bawneHii: Advertising Rate: Anzeigenpreis:
1 cTpanHaa I page U.S.$ 5.00 Jlaa Bac'tX CTpaH'b KPOMt WaabHaro BOCTOKa
Y CTpaHHIqu Y ,, ,, 2.50 (KHTafl, 5noHia, MaHhqIya1Ko, roHicoHrb H
)i CTpanHHnuI ,, 1.25 MaKao). For all countries except Far East (China,
% CTpaHHII % ,, ,, 0.65 Manchutikuo, Japan, Hongkong and Macao only).
MeiKiR o06HBaneHis: HcKaIOqHTejabHO aa qJieHoBEb 06utecTa PoccHKa:
Small advertisements only for Members of Rossica.
CTOJI6ei'b the column approx. 6 cm. X 21 cm. U.S. $ 0.30.
Kleine Anzeigen-Feld:
JiAR KHTaa (BKnKioaa Llaxafl), 5lnoiH, MaHbq~ayaHKO, roHKOHra H MaKao:
Advertising Rate for China (including Shanghai), Japan, Manchutikuo, Hongkong and Macao:
1 CTpanHHaa 1 page Shanghai $ 80.00
Y CTpaHHu bl ,, ,, 40.00
Y CTpaHHUb ,, 20.00
% CTpaHHU % ,, 10.00
Small advertisement (Klien Anzeigen) for Members of Rossica only:
MeaKiR o6i ,bB ieHi HCKJIIO4HTeabHO aia taJeHOB'b 06mecTBa PoccHKa:
Aprox. 1/16 of page. Shanghai $ 5.00.
JIRa qaeHOB-b OutecTsa PoccHKa AonycKaeTCH CKNAKa c'p BHmeyKaaanHHaro TapHPa.
06-OaaeHia Ha o6zio~m cpenH TeKCTa H s' KpacKaxb no oco6oMy cornameaHio.
Bct cnpaBKH o6b o6aRBaeJHiax'b MOKHO noJIyHTb, y PeaxKTopa iypHaaa a-
Wlauxat H y lnpeacTaBHTeaefi 06mecTea B- apyrHXb CTpaHaxb H ropoAaxab.
Special reduction may be given to Members of Rossica from the above Rate:
All above said Advertising Rates are quoted for one number of the Russica Magazine only.
Advertisements on the back pages ot the cover of the Magazine, amongst the
Text and in two, or more colours by Special Agreement only.
Full informations re-Advertisements are obtainable at the Editor in Shanghai
and at the Representatives in other Countries.
raBHubi PeAawrop Ha MsAaren E. M. ApxaNreJnbciW.
PeAaHTop' b UWaHxat H. H. YriHb.
Chief Editor and Publisher E. M. Arkhanguelsky.
Editor in Shanghai C. N. Outin.
Printed by Slovo


Mobiloil




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs